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Ñ! 4.0

magazine JUNE - DEC 2019

GRATIS


About

Ñ!

is an educational project of Huron High School in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

The magazine aims to develop language proficiency by featuring meaningful, original content of Spanish students and engage our community in the study of world languages. Open Educational Resource (OER)

Ñ! is offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use for teaching, learning, and research. OER Global Logo by Jonathas Mello

Playlist

Diva Latina

DIGITAL

Ñ!

SCAN to

PLAY Ñ! 4.0 STANDUP4HUMANRIGHTS Icon by Mangsaabguru from Noun Project

2019 Finalist

est educational practice of Spanish as a Second Language based on information and communication technologies.

B

THIRD PRIZE


Photography: © UNICEF

A mediados de 2017 la comunidad rohingya escapó de Myanmar cuando se recrudeció un conflicto histórico entre el Gobierno y esta minoría. “El futuro de más de 500.000 niños refugiados de Bangladesh pende de un hilo”, alertaba Unicef en septiembre de 2018.

CONTENIDOS Perfil Hispano

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01. UNICEF Ricky Martin Puerto Rico

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03. MÚSICA Jorge Drexler Uruguay

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The Safest Sound

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2019 River Rat Writing Prize Winner

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Rosalía España

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In mid-2017 the Rohingya community escaped from Myanmar when a historic conflict between the government and this minority flared up. "The future of more than 500,000 refugee children in Bangladesh hangs in the balance," Unicef warned in September 2018.

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THINKING

RE

ASYLUM

TIANANMEN . SQUARE . Freedom of Expression: Why it must be Protected

FUENTE PRIMARIA PRIMARY SOURCE

Remarks on the UN Human Rights Council by Mike Pompeo, US Secretary of State.

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On the Cover

Ñ!

magazine The Memory Project is a charitable nonprofit organization that invites art teachers, art students, and solo artists to help cultivate global kindness by creating portraits for children around the world who have faced substantial challenges such as violence, war, extreme poverty, neglect, and loss of parents. The Christian Student Association of Huron HS, led by Mrs. Kim, participated in the project, drawing and sending portraits of children from the Philippines.

We learned the joy of creating things and giving them to others who may be going through hard times.

The Christian Student Association of Huron From left to right: Jiyoon Shin, Faith Yun, Emily Bok, Jeongin Bae, Ethel Kim, Stacey Choi, Juan Oh and Mrs. Kim

Editor Daniel Verdugo WL Department Chair Belinda Ballí

Senior Writers Joo, Benjamin Nakamura, Sota Viurquiz, Briana Wan, Charles Junior Writers Alvarez, Susana Angeli, Macie Baker, Allison Barrett, Vivian Barruezo, Dai Bass, Catherine Baveja, Maya Bowers, Madelyn Charnetski, Griffin Chettleburgh, William Cotitsas, Stephanie Dass, Karsin Datar, Nikhita Ding, Michelle Gonzalez, Juan Gunal, Yasemin Hejazi, Jacob Hou, Daniel Khanna, Esha Kelly, Jacob Knudsen, Scott Lawson, Bridget

School Director Dr. Janet Schwamb @AAPS STAFF Christopher Erickson Soyeon Kim Kenyatta Tucker

Lee, Taekjin Li, Elizabeth Penoyar, Nathan Ross, Elijah Ruud, Samantha Schmitzerle, Dylan Schulte, Ryan Shah, Sahil Shaikh, Manal Sims, Kadin Smith, Alexander Smith, Jadyn Smith, Siena Tibbetts, Patrick Trang, Lynne Van Alstine, Christopher Wright, Elizabeth Wu, Allen Yi, Phoebe Zhao, Benjamin Zheng, Kristine Sophomore Writers Contreras, Leslie Avram, Axel Freshmen Writers Wolf, Maggie


EDITOR’S NOTE

DANIEL VERDUGO verdugod@aaps.k12.mi.us

#STANDUP4HUMANRIGHTS In its preamble, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) calls to promote “by teaching and education, the respect for these rights and freedoms.” With this didactic spirit and in celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Declaration, we present this new edition.

En su preámbulo, la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos (DUDH) llama a promover “mediante la enseñanza y la educación, el respeto a estos derechos y libertades”. Con este espíritu didáctico y en celebración del 70° aniversario de la Declaración presentamos esta nueva edición.

N! 4.0 #STANDUP4HUMANRIGHTS In this edition of Ñ! we develop an inquiry approach to the current state of some rights and freedoms included in the UDHR.

N! 4.0 #STANDUP4HUMANRIGHTS En esta edición de Ñ! desarrollamos un enfoque basado en la investigación sobre el estado actual de algunos de los derechos y libertades incluidos en la DUDH.

All human beings. We present a selection of eminent women who, led by Eleanor Roosevelt, made their mark in the writing of the UDHR.

Todos los seres humanos. Presentamos a un grupo muy notable de mujeres que, lideradas por Eleanor Roosevelt, dejaron su huella en la redacción de la DUDH.

Equal pay for equal work. Next July 7th the US women’s national soccer team could win their fourth World Cup. We reflect on their pay claims.

Igual salario por trabajo igual. El próximo 7 de julio el equipo nacional de fútbol femenino de EE.UU. puede lograr su cuarta Copa Mundial. Reflexionamos sobre sus reivindicaciones salariales.

Right to life, liberty and security of person. We sit with exiled Mexican journalist Emilio Gutiérrez to talk about the importance of establishing a social and international order where the rights and freedoms proclaimed in the UDHR are fully respected.

Derecho a la vida, a la libertad y a la seguridad de su persona. Nos sentamos con el periodista mexicano Emilio Gutiérrez para hablar sobre la importancia de establecer un orden social e internacional en el que los derechos y libertades proclamados en la DUDH se respeten completamente.

Free and equal in dignity and rights. We end this edition with a reflection through Favianna Rodriguez’s art. For a world without walls or borders.

Libres e iguales en dignidad y derechos. Acabamos esta edición con una reflexión a través del arte de Favianna Rodríguez. Por un mundo sin muros ni fronteras.

Ñjoy! Ñ! 1


Crisis humanitaria en

V

ENEZUELA

Hiperinflación y crisis económica La hiperinflación sume en la miseria a millones de venezolanos. El pasado julio el presidente Nicolás Maduro anunció que quitaría cinco ceros a la moneda nacional que pasará a ser el 'bolívar soberano'. La hiperinflación que padece el país ha provocado que hacer la compra con dinero en efectivo fuera casi imposible. La situación económica actual dificulta el acceso a productos de primera necesidad. La gasolina, sin embargo, es prácticamente gratis: con un céntimo de dólar daría para 1,796 galones de gasolina, el equivalente a repostar 40 litros de gasolina a la semana durante más de tres años.

5.2 lbs. of chicken next to 14,600,000 bolívares. Its price is equivalent to $2.22. Photography: Carlos García Rawlins. REUTERS

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Photography: © UNICEF

09 de agosto, 2018. Rumichaca, frontera de Ecuador con Colombia. Laila Dalila León, de 3 años, mira a la aduana de Colombia sentada sobre los hombros de su padre, Jose Ramon León. Jose es pescador en Venezuela, de todo tipo de peces, pero ahora está viajando junto a su esposa y dos hijas hacia Quito, donde ha escuchado que se puede conseguir trabajo y alojamiento más fácilmente.

August 9th, 2018. Rumichaca, border of Ecuador with Colombia. Laila Dalila León, 3 years old, looks at the Colombian customs sitting on the shoulders of her father, Jose Ramon León. Jose is a fisherman in Venezuela, of all kinds of fish, but now he is traveling with his wife and two daughters to Quito, where he has heard that work and accommodation can be obtained more easily.

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Perfil Hispano PUERTO RICO

El Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia o UNICEF es un programa de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas que provee ayuda humanitaria a niños y madres en países en desarrollo. 2018 marked the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Here we present some of the women who shaped and contributed to this important document.

RICKY MARTIN

ELEANOR ROOSEVELT .

by ELIZABETH LI

Icono del pop latino y Embajador de Buena Voluntad de UNICEF

H Fue la Primera Dama de los Estados Unidos entre 1933-1945 y la primera Presidenta de la Comisión de los Derechos Humanos. Ella desempeñó un papel fundamental en la redacción de la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos.

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emos oído del Día de la Raza y celebramos el Día de Martin Luther King Jr., pero ¿sabías que el artista de pop latino Ricky Martin también tiene su día propio? Así es, en Puerto Rico, el 31 de agosto es el Día de Ricky Martin, un día de celebración y gratitud a uno de los puertorriqueños más relevantes de hoy día. Nacido Enrique Martín Morales el 24 de diciembre de 1971 en San Juan, Puerto Rico, el cantante comenzó su carrera como modelo y cantante en la iglesia. Él debutó como actor en la novela “Por Siempre Amigos” en 1986, pero hizo la transición al mundo musical con su álbum debut, “Ricky Martin,” en 1991, que alcanzó el puesto 5 en el Billboard Latino. Su éxito musical continuó con “La Copa de la Vida” convirtiéndose en la canción oficial del Mundial de Francia ‘98.

“Livin’ la Vida Loca” fue un éxito mundial, encabezando las listas en los EEUU y otros seis países. Además de su carrera musical, Martin también es un ávido defensor de los derechos de los niños. En diciembre de 2003, fue nombrado Embajador de Buena Voluntad de UNICEF y desde entonces ha viajado a países en desarrollo para combatir la trata de personas. Reflexionando sobre su viaje de 2016 a una casa de niños libaneses, Martin escribió, “Como padre y como ser humano, siento la intensa necesidad de contribuir a aliviar el sufrimiento de esos niños, y a luchar junto con UNICEF para que al igual que lo deseo para mis propios hijos, todos los niños puedan jugar, estudiar, soñar y sobre todo, vivir plenamente su infancia.”

Photography: © UNICEF

MINERVA BERNARDINO . Fue una diplomática y líder feminista de la República Dominicana que desempeñó una función esencial en la lucha para igualdad de las mujeres.

by ELIZABETH WRIGHT

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Ricky Martin visits Bekaa Valley and Akkar in Lebanon and participates in recreational activities for children at safe spaces in informal settlements. UNICEF has worked to provide protective environments for children to play and receive formal education.


Huron UNICEF, a chapter of the UNICEF clubs program, is dedicated to educate, advocate, and fundraise on behalf of the United Nations International Children Emergency Fund. In the 2018-2019 school year, we centered our service activities around a Theme of the Month and encouraged members to participate. For example, in October we raised over $500! during Halloween! We also advocated and wrote letters to the senators of Michigan to support the MOM program for health services for children under age 5.

BODIL BEGTRUP

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Fue la Presidenta de la Subcomisión de la Condición Jurídica y Social de la Mujer. Defendió referirse a los titulares de los derechos como “todos” o “toda persona” en lugar de “todos los hombres”.

“Think of the children” is one of our main goals in this club. We do not want any child to be left behind, be that through education or access to basic services.

MARIE-HÉLÈNE LEFAUCHEUX . Fue la Presidenta de la Comisión de Condición Jurídica y Social de la Mujer. Ella defendió la inclusión de una mención a la no discriminación sexual en el artículo 2.

by Sinith Lijam & Trinity Glaze

d SOME 700 . d MILLION GIRLS d d ACROSS THE . d GLOBE HAVE . d BEEN MARRIED . d BEFORE . d REACHING AGE 18 . d AND MORE THAN . d ONE THIRD WERE . d WED BEFORE THE . d AGE OF 15 .

BEGUM SHAISTA IKRAMULLAH . Fue delegada de la Tercera Comisión de la Asamblea General. También, defendió poner de relieve la libertad y igualdad y promovió la inclusión del artículo 16 como manera de combatir el matrimonio infantil. by MADELYN BOWERS

Know more: Ending Child Marriage: Progress And Prospects. UNICEF

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La selección femenina de EE.UU. pide igualdad en el fútbol.

E HANSA MEHTA Fe una firme defensora de los derechos de la mujer. Se le atribuye el mérito de cambiar la frase de “Todos los hombres nacen libres e iguales” a “Todos los seres humanos nacen libres e iguales”

LAKSHMI MENON . Fue una delegada de la India ante la Tercera Comisión de la Asamblea General en 1948. Defendió abiertamente la “universidad’ de DDHH y se opuso con firmeza al concepta del “relativismo colonial”.

EVDOKIA URALOVA . Fue relatora de la Comisión de la Condición Jurídica y Social de la Mujer. Defendió con firmeza la igualdad de salario para las mujeres. Gracias a ella, el artículo 23 dice: "Toda persona tiene derecho, sin discriminación alguna, a igual salario por trabajo igual". by KADIN SIMS

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l equipo nacional de fútbol femenino de los EE.UU. demandó a la Federación

de Fútbol el pasado 8 de marzo -Día Internacional de la Mujer- en una corte federal por discriminación por género institucionalizada. De acuerdo al New York Times, existe una gran brecha salarial entre el salario y los bonos que reciben los equipos masculino y femenino. Por ejemplo, en caso de ganar la Copa Mundial el equipo masculino recibe 521% más por jugador que el equipo femenino. Esta situación es inaceptable, particularmente en EE.UU. donde el equipo femenino con tres Copas Mundiales y un Oro Olímpico es el mejor del mundo y el equipo masculino es mediocre. Hope Solo ha sido uno de los miembros del equipo de fútbol femenino más vocales en su campaña por igual salario #Equal play Equal pay. Ella insiste en que se trata de un tema de igualdad no solo para el fútbol sino para las mujeres en su conjunto

by JADYN and SIENA SMITH

La cuestión de la brecha salarial debe abordarse no sólo porque afecta a las vidas de las mejores atletas femeninas de nuestro país, sino porque es un tema central de derechos humanos. Estas atletas y su lucha nos proporcionan modelos y motivación para seguir sus pasos. Nos muestran que si queremos convertirnos en jugadoras del equipo nacional algún día, necesitamos continuar su lucha para cerrar la brecha salarial. También nos enseña a luchar por lo que sabemos que es justo y este es un mensaje importante que las niñas y mujeres de todo el mundo deben escuchar. Los miembros del equipo nacional de fútbol femenino de EE.UU. no solo luchan por la igualdad en el campo de fútbol, sino por la igualdad para todas las mujeres. Es esencial apoyar su causa y trabajar por un mundo más igualitario, esto es, un mundo más justo.

THIS IS SIMPLY THE . dSTATE OF SO-CALLED . dEQUAL RIGHTS IN . dELITE SOCCER AND, . dTO SOME EXTENT, . dANY SITUATION IN . dWHICH A WORKING . dWOMAN FINDS . dHERSELF TREATED AS . dLESSER THAN HER . dMALE PEER. .

Members of the U.S. women’s soccer team are using the slogan “Equal Play Equal Pay” to promote their wage fight. From left, Alex Morgan, Hope Solo and Megan Rapinoe. Photography: U.S.W.N.T. Players Association


by Nathan Penoyar Knowledgeable

EMILIO GUTIÉRREZ had to flee Mexico after receiving death threats for his reporting on connivance between drug cartels and Mexican army officials. Emilio now lives in Ann Arbor waiting for a final appeal to his asylum case, which has been unresolved for over a decade.

Freedom of Expression: Why it Must be Protected

Cuando Emilio habló de su familia fue muy emotivo. Me di cuenta de cuán afortunado soy.

Jacob Hejazi

Emilio habló sobre los peligros del periodismo y demostró pasión por el periodismo sin filtros.

Catherine Bass La experiencia fue reveladora. Me sorprendió que otros países no tienen derechos fundamentales como la libertad de prensa.

Griffin Charnetski

La conversación con Emilio sobre el efecto de la corrupción en nuestros derechos fue muy interesante. Fue conmovedor escuchar su deseo de volver a México.

Freedom of Expression plays a key role in a free society. It is important to be able to express our own views without fear of censorship or retaliation. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) protects this right in Article 19 “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” The case of Emilio Gutierrez shows how freedom of the press can expose government scandals and help ensure elected officials’ accountability. As a journalist in Mexico, Gutiérrez’s investigative reports exposed corrupt schemes between cartel activity and government officials. One night, members of the Mexican military broke into his house and threatened him and his family. At that point, Gutierrez knew he had to flee the country.

Susana Álvarez In 2015, the University of Chicago issued a statement on the risks of curtailing freedom of speech: “Of course, the ideas of different members of the University community will often and quite naturally conflict. But it is not the proper role of the University to attempt to shield individuals from ideas and opinions they find unwelcome, disagreeable, or even deeply offensive.”

The Language Resource Center (LRC) is a unit within LSA that supports faculty, staff, and students involved in the study of languages, literatures, and cultures at the University of Michigan

Freedom of speech must be protected at all costs. Ideas must be allowed to be discussed and debated. Being exposed to views that differ from our own widens our perspective of the world and, ultimately, helps us understand each other.

Press Freedom by HeadsOfBirds from the Noun Project

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RE THINKING

ASYLUM

A man carrying a child in a suitcase walks towards Hamourieh where an evacuation exit from eastern Ghouta had been opened.

Crossing an international border to seek asylum is legal. International refugee law -which the U.S. helped create in the wake of World War II- recognizes the reality that refugees often aren’t in a position to follow regular procedures. For that reason, the 1951 Refugee Convention prohibits states from penalizing asylum seekers based on their manner of entry. Moreover, several human-rights organizations have documented systemic turn-backs at official U.S. ports of entry. In other words, even when asylum seekers have made their way to an official U.S. border crossing and asked for asylum, officials have turned them back into Mexico, in violation of both U.S. treaty obligations and U.S. law. "While the administration is saying people should come here legally and follow a legal process, it's making it impossible to do so," said the IRC's director of Olga Byrne. "The members of the Central American caravan have been trying to follow a legal process. Many of them have arrived in Tijuana, but they have been denied access to any U.S. official port of entry.

The International Rescue Committee responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover, and gain control of their future.

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In March 2018, thousands of people reportedly left Hamourieh in eastern Ghouta (Syria), following reports of fierce fighting that resulted in civilian deaths and injuries, as well as damage to civilian infrastructure. At Dweir Reception Centre, with the local Department of Health UNICEF distributed High Energy Biscuits, plumpy paste, multi-micronutrient tablets and powder. Women and children are being checked and screened for malnutrition and provided with proper supplies when needed. Further supplies are being sent to Dweir to continue the direct distribution to evacuees. Winter clothes sets are being distributed for children under the age of 14. UNICEF is also discussing with its partners the capacity to increase mobile child protection and health teams and the establishment of a Child Protection Unit at the reception centre.

Photograph: © UNICEF

A weekly podcast examining the impact of crises and conflict around the world with leading humanitarians, policy makers, and innovators working to provide meaningful aid.

Ñ! is an Open Educational Resource offered freely and openly for teachers. Use it to create activities for your Spanish classes!

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The Safest Sound (fragment) by Ellie Makar-Limanov

"Name and date of birth?" The bag with the drug says “HAZARD” in orange. My name is Aviva Krimgold. I was born on March 18th, 1957... February 23rd, 2018. This place is formal, white, and sterile: a medical, slowly churning office, bureaucratic to the bone. The HAZARD drug is carboplatin (car-bo-pla-tin), bold, orange-bagged, very out of place. The two nurses, Name-and-Birth and Awkward-Smile, are at the computer, cross-checking with military precision: name-and-birth, name-and-birth; aviva-krimgold, aviva-krimgold; carboplatin, carboplatin –– and hence the clear liquid flows down through a tube, down into the needle, and down into my mother’s arm. Personalized poison, Mama calls it –– with affection, an edged smile. I sneak another cracker into my mouth. The nausea is bound to redouble tomorrow. March-18th, March-18th, I think, and suddenly the saltine cracker doesn't taste like anything. How many birthdays are left, anyway? From her green hospital chair, my mama looks at me with laughing eyes, lights the room. In 2018, my papa ages seven decades in two months: he gets smaller, somehow, his hair turns whiter and his eyes sadder –– but Mama turns into a child. When she calls to me her voice is loud and petulant and funny, and when she grins, her eyes fill up with mischief to the brim. It’s for survival, you see. She's thinner than she's been for years. One day, she ascends down the stairs in a dusty yellow-white gown, waving her arms, and twirls in front of me. “Is that your wedding dress?” My mama grins and twirls again. -

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March 18th, 2018. Exactly two months ago, my mother was diagnosed with stage four NSC lung cancer, and the internet says she has about 0.5 to 1 birthdays left. If she's really lucky — if she's one to two in a hundred — she’s got five. Today, she turned 61. It started slow, in December, when 2017 was dying. Several months ago, it was a cough (they said whooping), and then it persisted (they said pneumonia). The word cancer drifts around one’s head like a specter and like a thin tendril of smoke wafting from a burning tip. Wispy, terrifying, all over the news and in every wrinkle of old-lady gossip. It started with a joke, furrowed into suspicion –– it turned into the future in three days. It’s been the present for months. My mother had smoked for forty years. She smoked vogue cigarettes. People will say she had it coming, it’s not surprising, but Mama never whines, never apologizes, never rues the past aloud. She’d quit last December, when 2016 was dying. She must've had it by then already. It turns mundanely disbelievable and unbelievably mundane so quickly, just the way milk goes sour. Cancer occurs over winter break, and I return to school reborn into cynicism, disbelief, and periodic bouts of tears. My Papa teaches students with a new-found vigour. Mama coughs, pales, throws up and up and up, cuts her hair. She shrinks down to a woman who seems new to me, so tiredly thin, feverish, nauseous, unless I look right into her eyes. Ellie Makar-Limanov is a senior at Huron High School and the winner of 2019 River Rat Writing Prize, a contest to encourage and foster creative writing by celebrating the exceptional writing of our current students.


TIANANMEN . SQUARE

Art by George White

SPONSORED CONTENT

by 5YUE Written by Megan Polom @MangoLanguages The written word can convey new ideas, inspire movements, and amplify otherwise unheard voices. It is for these reasons, among others, that certain books have sparked passionate debates throughout history.

Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood Through this autobiographical graphic novel, author Marjane Satrapi tells her story of growing up in Iran during the Islamic Revolution. Since its original French publication in 2000, Persepolis has become a cross-cultural hit, translated into multiple languages and hailed by critics around the world. But even with all its critical acclaim and success, Satrapi’s memoir has faced controversial censorship in schools across the U.S. and is banned in the author’s native country of Iran for its political viewpoint.

Big River, Big Sea - Untold Stories of 1949 Written in Mandarin by Taiwanese author and cultural critic Lung Ying-tai, Big River, Big Sea - Untold Stories of 1949 lends a voice to the struggles of families torn apart by the Chinese Civil War. Lung, whose previous works were considered instrumental to Taiwan’s democratization, spent ten years traveling and researching for this collection of historically revealing tales. While the author insists that her intention was to tell a story without bias or political motivations, the book was banned in mainland China after its 2009 publication.

Risk -taker “When the tanks rolled in, my sweet daughter, I ran as fast as I could.” My friend, a Beijing native, sighed as she recounted her father’s story about the massacre in 1989. Thirty years ago in the Tiananmen Square, an estimated 10,000 Chinese students were brutally massacred by their own government for protesting peacefully for a more free, more democratic China. It all started when Hu Yaoban, a controversial General Secretary, died shortly after his removal from his position in the Communist Party, in April 1989. He was known to be an incorruptible official who led reforms to make the Chinese Government more transparent and open to all. Students, both saddened and highly suspicious of Hu’s sudden death, gathered in troves at the gates of Tiananmen to mourn his death and call for democratic reform. Slowly through the next seven weeks, the number of pro-democracy protests swelled to almost a million in the Square. Holding daily vigils and chants, and pressing democratic reform through indefinite hunger strikes, the students started drawing attention from the world. In response, the Chinese government deployed troops and tanks in Tiananmen and fired indiscriminately at the crowds of students on June 4, 1989, effectively ending the demonstrations. We might never know the complete truth as the Chinese government heavily censors any internet discussions or information concerning the incident. In fact, criticism can even land someone in jail for indefinite time. As the thirtieth anniversary of the massacre looms closer, government censorship has been heavier than ever. We can’t allow this oppression to go any further at the risk of becoming enablers of the brutality of the Chinese government.

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Artículo 1. Todos los seres humanos nacen libres e iguales en dignidad y derechos y, dotados como están de razón y conciencia, deben comportarse fraternalmente los unos con los otros.

Things we inherit - Cosas que heredamos

by LYNNE TRANG Communicator

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Article 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

The hands of Human Rights Las manos de los Derechos Humanos

by MACIE ANGELI Reective

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U.S. withdraws from U.N. Human Rights Council El Consejo de Derechos Humanos -Human Rights Council- es el organismo intergubernamental dentro del sistema de las Naciones Unidas responsable de fortalecer la promoción y protección de los derechos humanos en todo el mundo, abordar situaciones de violaciones de derechos y hacer recomendaciones. Tiene la capacidad de discutir todas las cuestiones temáticas de derechos humanos y las situaciones que requieren su atención durante todo el año. The picture features the ceiling sculpture on the Palais des Nations in Geneva, where the Council meets. The dome is a creation of Spanish artist Miquel Barceló and consists of many layers of paint of different colors, composed of pigments from across the globe and sprayed onto the ceiling to generate stalactites.

PRIMARY SOURCE

Remarks on the UN Human Rights Council by Mike Pompeo, US Secretary of State. The only thing worse than a council that does almost nothing to protect human rights is a council that covers for human rights abuses and is therefore an obstacle to progress and an impediment to change. The Human Rights Council enables abuses by absolving wrongdoers through silence and falsely condemning those who have committed no offense. A mere look around the world today demonstrates that the council has failed in its stated objectives.

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June 19, 2018, Washington, DC

Its membership includes authoritarian governments with unambiguous and abhorrent human rights records, such as China, Cuba, and Venezuela. There is no fair or competitive election process, and countries have colluded with one another to undermine the current method of selecting members. And the council’s continued and well-documented bias against Israel is unconscionable. Since its creation, the council has adopted more resolutions condemning Israel than against the rest of the world combined.

The United States has no opposition in principle to multilateral bodies working to protect human rights. We desire to work with our allies and partners on this critical objective that reflects America’s commitment to freedom. But when organizations undermine our national interests and our allies, we will not be complicit. When they seek to infringe on our national sovereignty, we will not be silent.

FUENTE PRIMARIA


VERBATIM

2019 Global Report on Biodiversity

“Ecosystems, species, wild populations, local varieties and breeds of domesticated plants and animals are shrinking, deteriorating or vanishing. The essential, interconnected web of life on Earth is getting smaller and increasingly frayed. This loss is a direct result of human activity and constitutes a direct threat to human well-being in all regions of the world.”

“Los ecosistemas, las especies, las poblaciones silvestres, las variedades locales y las razas de plantas y animales domesticados se están reduciendo, deteriorando o desapareciendo. La red esencial e interconectada de la vida en la Tierra se está haciendo cada vez más pequeña y deshilachada. Esta pérdida es un resultado directo de la actividad humana y constituye una amenaza directa para el bienestar humano en todas las regiones del mundo".

“Les écosystèmes, les espèces, les populations sauvages, les variétés locales de plantes et les races locales d’animaux domestiques diminuent, se réduisent ou disparaissent. Le tissu vivant de la Terre, essentiel et interconnecté, se réduit et s’effiloche de plus en plus. Cette perte est la conséquence directe de l'activité humaine et constitue une menace directe pour le bien-être de l’humanité dans toutes les régions du monde.”

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Perfil Hispano URUGUAY

Jorge Drexler

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by WILLIAM CHETTLEBURGH

E

l cantante uruguayo Jorge Drexler fue el gran ganador de los Latin Grammy de este año. Drexler recibió tres de los

premios más importantes: Su canción “Telefonía” ganó Mejor Canción y Mejor Grabación del Año, mientras que su disco “Salvavidas de Hielo” ganó Mejor Álbum de Cantautor. “Telefonía” es más que una canción de amor. En ella, Drexler elogia los medios de comunicación, desde los teléfonos hasta los mensajes en una botella y resalta la importancia de la tecnología en nuestras relaciones. En “Telefonía” Drexler vuelve al tema de amor: “Te quiero, te querré, te quise siempre.” La tecnología puede cambiar, sin embargo, los mensajes de amor seguirán siendo siempre los mismos.

Salvavidas de hielo JORGE DREXLER

LESLIE’S Pick

Diva Latina Selena fue la primera mujer en interpretar género “tex-mex” y ser reconocida en Estados Unidos y México. A pesar de su corta carrera, el éxito de Selena es excepcional. Fue ganadora de Premios Grammy, ALMA y Billboard Latin Music Awards.

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En 2020 se cumplen 25 años de su trágica muerte a manos de su agente. Selena sigue teniendo miles de seguidores por todo el mundo. Ella es una auténtica Diva Latina.


ESPAÑA

El Mal Querer ROSALIA

Mejor Canción Alternativa Mejor Fusión/Interpretación Urbana

Rosalía

. by MAGGIE WOLF

E

l Mal Querer no es un disco cualquiera. La artista española,

Rosalía, interpreta la música Flamenco de la mano del Trap. El resultado de esta mezcla entre tradicional y moderno es un sonido innovador. Rosalía basó su álbum en “Flamenca”, una novela francesa del siglo XIII. Esta novela trata de una relación amorosa que acaba con la mujer encerrada en una torre por los celos de su esposo. Cada canción del disco está acompañada de una imagen del artista Filip Custic. Este mundo visual creado por Custic está llena de símbolos que reflejan el lado oscuro del amor. La imagen de la izquierda acompaña al Capítulo 2: boda - “QUE NO SALGA LA

LUNA”. Este homenaje a Frida incluye símbolos sobre el amor y las relaciones. Por ejemplo, los relojes simbolizan el paso del tiempo en un momento que los novios quieren vivir por siempre. La cadena, como unión entre las dos personas y las llaves de oro

y

plata

como

entrega

de

sus

corazones. Por último, el Sol que da luz a los novios e ilumina su camino. Cada símbolo creado por Custic enfatiza la intención de Rosalía de reinventar la historia clásica de amor y mostrar el empoderamiento de la mujer. Su disco acaba en el capítulo. 11: poder - “A NINGÚN HOMBRE”

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Children’s Story Time 1st Wednesdays + 3rd Saturdays · 11 am Visit NicolasBooks.com/Event June 1 - August 31

NICOLA’S BOOKS l

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10% OFF Senior Discount 10% OFF Student Discount 10% OFF Military Discount 10% OFF to all A2 School Staff 25% OFF on your Birthday!

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Somali Refugee Diaspora by Abdikani Hussein, Age 16 There are many refugees around the world, some estimates place the number at 25,400,000. Among them there are Somali refugees in Uganda. I was a Somali refugee in Uganda for eight years. The camp was called Nakivale; it is found in the Eastern part of Africa. I arrived in Uganda in 2010. I left my country because of civil wars and no education system. Life is very hard when you are a refugee. There is no food, no shelter, no education, and no security. Imagine how you would feel if you ran away from your country and came to another country as a refugee when you are not a citizen of that country. There are a lot of things you feel. Fear was the common one. You feel like you might be kidnapped or raped when you are walking around. I immediately enrolled in one of the few primary schools in the camp; we used to have our classes under a tree. We missed school if it had heavily rained. All the lessons were in English, except for our courses in Ugandan, as dictated by the Ugandan curriculum. Throughout my primary education, I rarely heard about my home country. Most of my history classes were about Uganda and when we learned about East Africa, Somalia was a side note. I can list all the different tribes in Uganda and list the country's history and political system, but I know almost nothing about the people, history, and politics of my native soil. We memorized the Ugandan national anthem. I forgot the one of my motherland. Now that I am in the United States of America, I feel educated, safe, and protected.

SPONSORED CONTENT

excerpted from Enjoy: Recipes for Building Community by 36 multi-lingual students in Ypsilanti

Founded in 2005, 826michigan inspires school- aged students to write confidently and skillfully with the help of adult volunteers in their communities via high-quality, engaging, and academically-enriching writing programs. Reaching more than 3,500 students aged six to eighteen in Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti, and Detroit, 826michigan’s programs are designed to spark students’ discovery of the power of their own unique voices and give them the tools to stay charged up about writing, learning, and their creative power. For more information, or to make a donation, please visit www.826michigan.org.

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NowArt

You Are Welcome Here, 2017 by FAVIANNA RODRIGUEZ

This piece was a reinterpretation of my classic Migration is Beautiful poster, which was originally created in 2012. Five years later, the symbol was needed more than ever as anti-immigrant hate and legislation exacerbated under the Trump regime. The monarch butterfly represents the natural act that is migration. Human beings have been migrating since the beginning of time. We are a part of nature, and it's in our human nature to move, just as all other species move. Borders were created by governments - but they are meant to keep people in or out, they are not a natural part of our environment. This artwork imagines a world without walls and borders.

FAVIANNA RODRIGUEZ es una artista interdisciplinaria, organizadora cultural y activista política basada en Oakland, California. Su arte y proyectos colaborativos abordan la migración, la inequidad económica, la justicia de género y la ecología. Favianna da conferencias globales sobre el poder del arte, la organización cultural y la tecnología para inspirar cambio social .

Justice 2018 Merriam-Webster Word of the Year

Word W atch

The concept of justice was at the center of many of our national debates in the past year: racial justice, social justice, criminal justice, economic justice. In any conversation about these topics, the question of just what exactly we mean when we use the term justice is relevant, and part of the discussion. Justice has varied meanings that do a lot of work in the language, meanings that range from the technical and legal to the lofty and philosophical. For many reasons and for many meanings, one thing’s for sure: justice has been on the minds of many people in 2018. From Merriam-Webster

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Ñ! is an educational project of Huron High School in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The magazine features original content by our students of Spanis...

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Ñ! is an educational project of Huron High School in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The magazine features original content by our students of Spanis...

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