Page 1

Dairy Star • Saturday, Septmenber 14, 2013 • Page 3

It’s all inside... Jer-Lindy Farms to be site for new cheesemaking facility Page 10

Appeal of country living, dairying keeps Fellings on the farm Page 25

A day in the life of the Roller family

Meyers reach century farm status

Pages 12, 13 Second Section

Pages 12 - 13 Third Section

Sand bedding, cross ventilation contribute to Jans’ high herd average

Page 9 Second Section

Fillmore County, Haler, Liebenstein successful in 4-H Dairy Showcase

Pages 38 - 39


Workshop explores heat stress, energy usage

Pages 36 - 37

Greewald Lindstrom Freeport Elrosa


Pages 12 - 13

Grove City

St. Paul Kellogg

St. James


Evers family works together on Wabasha County dairy Pages 1, 8


Pages 2, 7 Third Section

SECOND SECTION Page 6 The “Mielke” Market Weekly

Pages 3, 5 Second Section

Page 35

Kids Corner: The Heglets

FIRST SECTION Pages 1, 9 Dry conditions force some Minnesota farmers to start chopping Page 5 Dairy Letters Page 11 MN tax on labor to repair farm equipment remains Pages 22 - 23 Crop, bacteria affect silage inoculant decisions Page 26 FSA News & Notes Page 28 Do not treat your manure like a waste Page 29 Corn silage pricing Page 31 Everyone should have a farm truck like Blackie

Women in Jeans: Sue Abrahamson

Breyer takes part in his last 4-H dairy show

Pages 18, 20

Charitable organization assists De Groot after undergoing knee surgery

Moll family adds on to tiestall barn



Hoffmans host workshop about reducing energy use Pages 4 - 5 Third Section

Hull Page 7 Dairy Markets Page 8 Iowa hay auction results Pages 10 - 11 Dairying Across America Page 15 Dairy in the Suburbs Pages 19, 20 Balzers named 2013 Steele County Farm Family of the Year Page 21 Mid-American hay auction results Pages 22, 24 Houston County dairy farmers add art to their barns Page 26 Dairy Recipes THIRD SECTION Page 9 People in the Dairy Community Pages 10 - 11 Some Udder Stuff Page 15 Dairy Calendar Pages 16 - 22 Classieds

Wingert family sells sweet corn to raise funds for Relay For Life Page 8 Third Section

Columnists Ag Insider Pages 6-7

The Next Generation Page 33

Veterinary Wisdom Page 34

Getting Kerry’d Away Page 27

Just Thinking Out Loud Page 32

Dear County Agent Guy Page 30

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Vilsack urges action on the farm bill

Page 6 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013

With Congress back in Washington after a ve-week recess, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack is hoping House leadership has added an item to its list of priorities. Vilsack said the House Ag Committee did its part by hammering out a farm bill, and now leadership needs to take action. “It’s not as much of a priority for House leadership as it was for Senate leadership; we need a safety net,” said Vilsack. “We need disaster assistance resumed for our livestock and dairy producers. We need a continuation of farm credit. We need a simpler set of conservation programs. We need to continue to promote trade.” Vilsack said all of these issues are tied to the passage of a farm bill.

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Farm bill extension not needed After lawmakers make politically risky votes on military action in Syria, it may be more difcult for Congress to get excited about another huge battle over food stamps and the farm bill. That, in turn, will likely result in more talk about a farm bill extension. National Farmers Union vice president of government affairs Chandler Goule said that’s not necessary. “Congress really has until December 31 to get a farm bill passed and signed into law,” said Goule. “We want this bill done before the farm bill expires on September 30, but we really have until the end of December. That is enough time for Congress to take action on Syria and still invest in Rural America through a farm bill.” With another extension, there is a risk budget hawks will continue to look for decit savings from agriculture, impacting commodity programs and crop insurance. Milk production reports will resume this fall When the new scal year begins Oct. 1, USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service will once again publish its quarterly milk production reports. These reports were suspended in April to meet the needs of sequestration. The information gathered for the quarterly surveys is used to produce monthly milk production estimates. Input sought on nitrogen management plan The Minnesota Department of Agriculture is seeking input on proposed revisions to the state’s Nitrogen Fertilizer

Ag Insider

By Don Wick Columnist Management Plan. This plan is a blueprint for prevention or minimization of the impacts of nitrogen fertilizer on groundwater in Minnesota. Comments will be accepted through Nov. 1. More CRP acres open for emergency haying/grazing The Minnesota Farm Service Agency has announced that additional CRP acres have been authorized for emergency haying and grazing in 20 southeastern Minnesota counties. This area suffered from excessive rains last spring. The Deputy Administrator of Farm Programs has approved a request from the Minnesota FSA State Committee to implement emergency haying and grazing of otherwise ineligible CRP conservation practices. If interested, producers must sign a modied conservation plan to allow haying and grazing. No more than 75 percent of a eld may be grazed, and the grazing must end by September 30, 2013. CRP participants will be assessed a 10 percent payment reduction on the number of acres that are hayed or grazed. Minnesota organic farms are protable According to a new benchmarking study, organic farms in Minnesota were protable in 2012. Average and median net farm income for organic crop and dairy farms were up substantially. The report, which includes analysis by the Center for Farm Financial Management, said most farms entered 2013 in a strong liquidity position. Turn to AG INSIDER | Page 7

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From Our Side Of The Fence

Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013 • Page 15

A) How many cows do you have calving in the next three months? B) Explain your close-up program. C) Explain your calving process. D) Once a cow freshens, what is your protocol? E) Tell us about a memorable or challenging delivery. F) Tell us about your farm.

Explain your fresh cow management program

Laurie Polansky Gatzke, Minn. Marshall County 80 cows A) 20 cows. B) The dry cows are fed a dry cow mineral in a ration of ground corn, barley and oats. In the summer, they are on pasture. In the winter, the dry cows and bred heifers are housed in a dry lot and fed rst crop alfalfa/grass hay with access to a shed for winter protection. The shed and the loang area are bedded down with oats straw two to three times each week. C) When a cow or heifer is due to calf, we check on her at milking time and throughout the day. In the summer, if we suspect a difcult delivery,we put her in an open shed near the barn. Normally, if the birth is progressing well and the cow is comfortable, we let her calve out in the dry pasture. We intervene more often with heifers and usually as soon as the feet are visible by attaching chains to the feet to help pull as the cow pushes. We rarely use the calf puller but resort to that when the calf doesn’t budge when pulled with the chains. In the winter, the cows that are calving are put in the maternity pen in the barn and are bedded with straw. D) We let the cow lick off the calf and as soon as that happens, we move the calf to the calf pen in the barn for the calves under one month old and give it a First Defense bolus. We move the cow into the barn and milk her, and make sure that her calf gets her milk for at least the rst six feedings. We feed the calf with a nipple bottle two quarts of milk twice a day until it’s one month old with free choice calf starter, water, and dry hay available. When they are one month old, they get fed the milk in a pail and the ration switches to ground corn, barley, and oats with minerals, and hay and water remain available free choice. We trap the fresh cow’s milk for a minimum of eight milkings and continue to monitor the cow at each milking. E) About a month ago, we had a heifer who was calving and the calf was backwards with the back feet curled forward so we called the vet and he did a Caesarean section delivery. The calf did not live, but the heifer did ne. That was the rst C-section we have had since we started milking. F) We bought the family farm in 1991. The next spring we acquired one Holstein cow and four heifer calves from my brother. These were the foundation for the present herd. We seed barley and oats for feed, and raise alfalfa for hay, with the remaining acres in pasture. It has been a family operation since the beginning with all ve children taking part in all aspects of the operation. We haven’t had to hire outside help since the kids have always made arrangements to come home and help when we needed them. The cows have provided nancial support for the children to go to college. The four oldest have graduated and are working in their careers, with the youngest starting college this fall.

Alan Schroepfer Paynesville, Minn. Stearns County 45 cows A) I have 10 cows due to calve in the next three months. B) My close up program is simple. My bred heifers, dry cows and milking cows are all grouped together during the pasture season. These cattle are fed the same; pasture, dry hay and corn silage. Lactating cows get an additional 10 pounds of grain mix. Calving is done in the pasture, but during the winter, it is in a bedded pen or in the stanchion barn. C) I check close up cattle at milking time and heifers are monitored more closely. I intervene only if the animal is having difculty delivering the calf. D) Once a cow freshens, the normal procedure is to let the calf with the cow until milking time. The fresh cow is watched very closely at milking time for its general state of health for the next several weeks. No treatment is given unless there is a need for one. E) A memorable delivery would be when I had a heifer that had twins. The rst calf was coming backwards with both back feet facing inward. The vet chained the back legs and she pushed in on the calf while I pulled up on the chains, in an effort to get the legs out rst. We were able to save the cow and both calves, but the heifer’s pelvic region was damaged and I had to sell her later. F) We are a certied organic family farm. I also sell conventional steers. I raise alfalfa, corn soybeans and small grains.

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Ross Leix Montfort, Wis. Iowa County 625 cows A) 175 cows. B) Cows are moved from the drycow pen into our pre-fresh barn three to four weeks prior to calving. The barn is an open-concept, bedded-pack barn using straw for bedding. C) We check the pre-fresh barn every hour during the day. There are two cameras in the barn that allow us to check up on cows during the night from home. We always try to let the cow or heifer calve on her own, but when or if she appears to be struggling, we will assist. D) Typically, once the cow freshens, she will stay with the calf for 20 to 40 minutes so she can lick it dry and get it up and going. We then will move the cow and her calf out of the barn. The calves go to individual pens or huts. We milk all of our sick and treated cows in the old stanchion barn so we can be sure that no treated milk goes in the tank. The cow gets milked right away and the calf then gets tubed with four quarts of fresh colostrum. The cows are then all given calcium and probiotic boluses and monitored in the old barn until their milk is tested negative for any antibiotic residue from dryoff. Cows are then moved into the fresh-cow pen in a freestall. There I check the cows’ temperature and check for ketosis and basically make sure they don’t look like they’re getting sick for the rst 10 days fresh. Cows get milked ve times a day in the fresh-cow pen and typically get moved out after three weeks. E) About four years ago we had a calf with two heads. That was both memorable and challenging. Because it had two heads, the cow could not have a normal delivery, so we had to cut the calf out of her. The calf did not end up making it, but we were able to sell it to “Ripley’s Believe it or Not.” F) We have about 900 crop acres that we use to feed the herd, growing primarily corn and alfalfa. All the youngstock are raised on the farm. Current family members involved in the operation are my uncle, Tim, and cousin, Matthew, my father, Don, brother, Brian, and myself. My brother, cousin and I are the fourth generation of Leixes to farm at this location.

Pat O'Connell Earlville, Iowa Delaware County 65 cows A) We have 15 cows calving in the next three months. B) I don't like to move cows from group to group to group so we use the one group dry cow program. Cows stay in the same yard until after calving. This eliminates the stress from being moved into different groups of cows. They are housed in loose housing and bedded frequently with straw or cornstalks. They are fed a TMR consisting of straw, hay, haylage, corn silage, and supplement. C) We check cows morning, noon, and night. If we see anything unusual we check the cow right away, otherwise we give her time to have it on her own before we pull the calf. D) After she calves, the calf is fed two bottles of colostrum from the cow's milk. After milking, she is put back with the dry cows so she stays with familiar cows and familiar feed. This is done for four milkings, and then she is put with the other milk cows. She is sorted out after each milking and fed ve pounds of dry hay. She is turned back out with the milk cows after she's done eating, and this is done for eight days. E) All deliveries are memorable, but unfortunately my memory card crashed; I can’t recall any specic deliveries to tell about. F) My wife, Marilyn, and I milk 65 cows and raise our own replacement heifers. We also have 35 head of stock cows and sell the feeder calves. We farm 150 acres on which we raise corn and alfalfa. Also, we have 35 acres of pasture. We house our cows in a freestall barn and milk in a double-4 herringbone parlor. Marilyn and I have two adult children and two children still at home.

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From Our Side Of The Fence Page 16 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013

A) How many cows do you have calving in the next three months? B) Explain your close-up program. C) Explain your calving process. D) Once a cow freshens, what is your protocol? E) Tell us about a memorable or challenging delivery. F) Tell us about your farm.

Explain your fresh cow management program

Jeannie Miller and daughter, Brooke Carrow Enchanted Dairy Little Falls, Minn. Morrison County 1,900 cows and 1,700 heifers A) 600 cows. B) First, we verify pregnancy. Cows are dry treated 50 days prior to calving. If the cow is carrying twins we will give them a 60 day dry period. If a cow is not producing much milk and gaining weight, she is dried off early to get her on a low-energy diet. Our goal is to calve everything in at a body condition of 3.5. We dry treat with Tomorrow and Orbeseal and vaccinate with Scourguard 4K/C and Ultrabac 7. Three weeks before freshening, cows move to a close-up pen. The diet is a moderate energy anionic diet. Urine pHs are monitored weekly. This group is vaccinated with J5 and Inforce 3. Heifers are moved to a low-energy diet 60 days prior to calving and receive a vaccination of J5 and Scourguard 4K/C. Three weeks before freshening heifers move to a close-up pen, moderate-energy diet and are vaccinated with Scourguard 4K/C, Ultrabac 7 and J-5. Dry cows and heifers are housed in a six-row, sand bedded, freestall barn that is cleaned daily and bedded twice a week with fresh sand. C) The pens are walked hourly for any indication of labor. When signs of labor begin, we quietly and slowly move the cows to a freshly bedded straw pack. If there is no progress within the hour (1.5 hours for heifers) after moving cow to the straw pack, we will wash her vulva area to check if the calfs presentation is correct. If needed, we will assist with delivery. If it is a difcult delivery, we will call a vet for assistance. We try to be as clean as possible. After a calf has been delivered we make sure that it is breathing, rub it briskly with dry towels and make sure that all amniotic material is away from its facial area. Navels are dipped with seven percent iodine. The calf is then moved to a clean and dry individual calf pen. (In the winter, calves go in a warming hut). If its a heifer calf, we will tag with ear tag and DHIA tag and vaccinate with Inforce 3. Within the hour, we will milk the cow and test the colostrum and tube feed four quarts of quality colostrum to the calf. We record all needed information into a daily log sheet and, at the end of the day, enter information into Dairy Comp. D) We remove the calf from the cow immediately to prevent nursing and adult manure contamination of the calf. Within the hour, the cow is moved calmly from the maternity pen into the head catch area. We prepare the udder for milking; sanitation and hygiene is critical to minimize bacteria contamination during colostrum harvest. Cows that have a difcult calving are pumped with a Blue-Lite C, YMCP and propylene glycol mix and given a Bovikalc Calcium Bolus(12 hours later we will give a second Bovikalc Calcium Bolus). We will also give the Bovikalc Calcium Bolus to any lame cow or aged cow (Lact>3) that freshens. Then the cow is moved in a straw pack area with food and water. We will give the cow about three hours and then assess the cow for stability on feet, general appearance, and any signs of milk fever, be-

Kraig and Rachelle Krienke Lester Prairie, Minn. McLeod County 360 cows A) We have 92 cows and heifers due to calve in the next three months. B) Our far-off dry cows are housed in sand bedded freestalls, while our close-up dry cows are housed in an open faced bedded-pack barn with a southern exposure. The close-up cows are bedded with wheat straw every day. We move cows into the close up group approximately 21 days prior to calving. All of the dry cows receive the same ration which includes corn silage, haylage, protein mix, straw and meadow hay. C) Every couple of hours someone checks on the close-up cows and monitors any animal that has started calving. If the calf is presented correctly, we do not intervene unless the calf is in distress or has a swollen tongue. In contrast, if the calf is not presented correctly, we pull the calf with the assistance of a calf jack. D) Once the cow has calved, all calves are immediately removed from the close-up pen and placed in an individual stall. The fresh cow is milked as promptly as possible and placed in a fresh cow pen up in the main freestall barn. We monitor temperatures and milk weights on all fresh cows for a minimum of 14 days. Cows calving in at second lactation or higher receive an automatic dose of calcium boluses for the rst two days post-calving. If the cow shows clinical signs of milk fever we will administer an IV source of calcium as well. We also use a BHBA monitor and blood strips to track Ketosis on problematic cows. E) Several years ago, we had a cow freshen with one healthy calf without any assistance. Due to the fact that she was straining two days later we palpated her and much to our surprise found a second live calf. We pulled the second calf and they both survived. F) Kraig and I, along with Kraig’s dad Roger, and our employees, milk 310 Holsteins in a double-7 herringbone parlor outtted with both Dairy Comp 305 and Smart Dairy ID system. Also helping us out are our three children, Elizabeth, Blake and Brodie. We raise all of our own forages and most of our corn needs on about 650 acres. All milk cows are housed in sand bedded freestalls with fans and an automatic misting system. In addition, we raise all of our own replacements.

Tim Larson, with son Aaron (8) Beresford, S.D. Lincoln County 150 cows A) Between the cows and the heifers we will be calving about 25 head. B) Our dry cows are housed in a bedding pack barn. We have fans in the barn, and the cows have access to an outdoor dry lot. We feed the close-up cows a blend that is half dry cow ration and half lactating cow ration. We have done this for several years and it works very well for us. C) The morning milker checks on them at 3:30 a.m. and if a cow is calving, he will keep an eye on her throughout milking. The calf feeder checks on them when they do morning and afternoon chores and the evening milker will perform the last check on them at 9:30 p.m. We will intervene when necessary, but we generally don’t have too much trouble with calving because we use calving ease sires. D) Right after calving, we will give her CMPK in water, if possible. We keep an eye on the cow and leave the calf with her until the next milking. We don’t give any special treatments unless the cow develops milk fever or becomes ketotic. E) This summer, we had a cow that had a twisted uterus. I couldn’t get my hand in there, so I called the vet. The vet brought along an intern and thought it would be a good opportunity for the intern to get some experience. The intern tried for 15 minutes, but just couldn’t get anywhere. The old vet took over and within ve minutes he had the uterus whipped around and a live calf on the ground. The intern felt bad about it, but the old vet said it was all about years of practice and having the know-how. F) My grandpa bought this place in 1968. Dad built a dairy barn that year, so cows have been milked twice a day on this farm ever since. I farm with my brother, Darin, who runs a farrow-to-nish hog operation, and my brother, Dale, who has a trucking business. I run the dairy and the cropping part of the operation. My oldest son, Andy, who is 22, works with me, along with Dale’s son, Ben. We farm about 500 acres and have some hay meadows. All of what we raise gets made into feed. Between the dairy and the hog operations we have more than enough manure for our land, so we sell some of our manure to our neighbors.

fore moving to a fresh pen where she will stay 10-15 days and be monitored on appetite, attitude, tail carriage, temperature, fetid discharge, rumen activities, displaced abomasum, udder ll, abnormal milk, heart rate, lung health, breathing, nasal discharge, cold and clammy ears and manure.

F) Enchanted Dairy is a family business. Our dairy milks 1,700 cows in a 40 stall internal rotary parlor three times a day and raises 2,200 acres of corn and alfalfa. We have a great team. Each of us has talents that complement the others’ and provide for a division of labor and responsibilities for our farm business. Our mission is to produce safe, high-quality, wholesome milk using environmentally friendly methods by focusing on the comfort and well-being of our cows. Growth and the future are considered in about every decision the dairy makes.

E) We had a set of triplets born. They were always running into each other. So we named them Larry, Curly and Moe after the Three Stooges.

Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013 • Page 19

“... results ... convenience ... asset for milk quality.” — The Ramsey family

Three gen. EX-94 from Paradise-R Bell Sears: Paradise-R Hi Metro Serenity with dam Paradise-R Drew Stacey and daughter Paradise-R Lewis Stacy, fresh 100 days in her fifth lactation and one of over 100 Paradise-R cows with over 200,000 lbs. lifetime. She was 2012 reserve champion of the Ohio show. Bill Ramsey (center) with son Brian (right) and son-in-law Nevin (left).

PARADISE VALLEY FARMS, LOUISVILLE, OHIO RAMSEY FAMILY 4 Generations: Paul & Catherine, Bill & Debbie, Brian & Liz, Mike & Shelley, Brenda & Nevin, Jill & Corey, and 13 grandchildren. 410 Holsteins. SCC 200,000 Production: 28,853 m 3.7 f 3.1 p (3x) 2010 National Dairy Shrine Distinguished Breeder

At Paradise Valley Farms, Louisville, Ohio, Udder Comfort™ is the first line of defense and the product of choice to ensure quality udders develop quickly in fresh cows. Home to 900 reg. Holsteins, the farm is run by Bill and Debbie Ramsey, their sons, daughters, son-in-law, and Bill’s parents. Quality is the passion driving decades of progress in breeding productive, long-lived cows. Recent sire proofs put Paradise-R Sebathia-ET as #3 bull of the breed for type. All told, Paradise Valley has had 100 cows top 200,000 lifetime. The 410-cow milking herd now has 9 over 200,000, 7 over 300,000, and 1 over 400,000. Quality also led Paradise Valley to Udder Comfort. After trying another, “we did not see the difference we see with Udder Comfort. We like the results and convenience,” says Bill’s son-in-law Nevin L’Amoreaux, who cares for the milk herd; his wife Brenda is herd vet.

“This is a definite asset for milk quality. We spray firm quarters 3x/day for 1 to 2 days. They soften up and usually resolve on their own. We have definitely reduced our need for antibiotic treatments. “Udder Comfort also does a nice job pulling congestion out of the udder. It’s the go-to trigger next to the towels in the parlor. We buy the spray by the gallon and keep it accessible.”

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Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013 • Page 23

Continued from INOCULANT | Page 22 Said Muck, “That could support up to four pounds more milk per cow per day.” To see whether that really does happen, forage center researchers fed silage treated with Lactobacillus plantarum to lactating cows. Cows fed the treated silage ate more dry matter per day – 56.9 pounds, compared to 56 pounds. They made more milk, too – 89.1 pounds, versus 87. 3 pounds per day, compared to cows eating untreated silage. But the fat test of the milk was 0.01 percent lower, and the protein test was 0.03 percent lower. However, the milk urea nitrogen (MUN) content was lower in milk from cows fed the inoculated silage. For them, MUN was 11.6, versus 12.7 for cows getting untreated silage. “The 10 percent reduction in MUN indicates better nitrogen utilization by the cows on the inoculated silage, suggesting more rumen microbe production,” Muck said. Return on investment What does all that mean in terms of dollars and cents? Muck offered an example with two to three percent less dry matter lost by inoculating silage with a homofermenter. Treating 1,000 tons would cost about $1,000, and the feed not lost to spoilage would amount to 25 tons. If each ton of saved feed is worth $60, that’s a return of $1.50 for every $1 spent on the inoculant, Muck said. Things look even better when higher animal performance is factored in. Assume that milk production climbs three pounds per cow, per day, but only half the time. That’s an average milk production boost of 1.5 pounds a day. If milk is worth $16 per hundredweight, the extra milk is worth 24 cents per cow per day. And if a cow eats 60 pounds of the inoculated silage each day, the inoculant ended up costing three cents per cow

per day. Thatis a huge, 8:1 return on investment, Muck said. A dairy producer can reaping $8 in benets for every dollar spent on inoculant. Heterofermenter examined Muck crunched the numbers on a heterofermenter, too. Here, he looked at the return on investment from silage inoculated with Lactobacillus buchneri. “Thanks to its higher acetic acid content, this inoculant produced very consistent improvement in the feedbunk stability of the silage,” Muck said. He said farmers can expect to lose one to two percent less dry matter by treating silage with L. buchneri, compared to not treating it. On cow performance, no additional dry matter was eaten. And only one trial showed a milk production increase. Muck said, “Expect a positive effect only when the silage would have heated without L. buchneri.” Treating 1,000 tons of silage with this heterofermenter would cost roughly $1,500. Fifteen tons less feed would be lost to spoilage. “If each ton saved is worth $60, dry matter recovery alone won’t pay for using the product,” Muck said. That’s because there’s $900 of benet, but $1,500 in cost. Muck suggested not using this type of heterofermenting inoculant if the silage is expected to cool normally. But if the feed is expected to heat, it could pay to use this inoculant. That’s assuming that a cow would eat four fewer pounds of heated silage each day, and that a cow would produce three fewer pounds of milk per day. With milk worth $16, the three pounds of milk are worth 48 cents each day. But the silage eaten is worth 4.5 cents per cow per day. That’s roughly a 10:1 return on investment, Muck said.


John Latham chops corn on his farm in Grant County near Boscobel, Wis., in this Dairy Star le photo from 2011. Muck mentioned a few things dairy farmers might want to keep in mind if they are going to use an inoculant that contains L. buchneri. First, the bacteria grow slowly. It can take 45 to 60 days after application until the product has much of an effect. “So it’s not an answer to heating problems with immature silage,” Muck said. “Propionic acid is the best solution for this case.” What if a farmer wants to make a good silage better? In that case, choose a homofermenting inoculant that contains bacteria such as Lactobacillus plantarum, Muck said. These kinds of inoculants are best at protecting against dry matter loss and boosting cow performance. Muck said they are a good t for hay silages and high-mois-

ture corn, and they work best when harvest conditions are good and silos are managed very well. When using a homofermenter on corn silage, remember that their success rate is inconsistent, Muck said. He said these inoculants work best on corn silage that will be fed during cool weather. Homofermenting inoculants work even better on high-moisture corn, Muck said. Their best use is on high-moisture corn that will be fed during cool weather. Muck said use silage inoculants designed for the kind of crop – haylage, corn silage, high-moisture corn, and so on. Apply them at the rate specied on the label. And, said Muck, “Don’t be shy about asking for research data – especially independent results – to back up claims.”

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Page 24 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013

MILC rate announced for July production

Page 26 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013

The July payment rate has been announced for MILC at $0.0584 cents per hundred weight. The June payment rate was announced at $0.2187. The August calculation will not be completed until Sept. 30, 2013.

FSA News & Notes

Replastering and Complete Silo Repair


Silo Replastering is a very specialized business that we excel in, due to experience, the best equipment and mixture for cement.

1st 1st


We high pressure blast the walls for the cleanest and roughest finish. The rougher the better. We want the walls to get moist so the stave doesn’t dry the plaster any faster than possible; It is extremely important that all old silage and corroded concrete be removed. This important wall cleanup will assure the Osakis crew that the new plaster will bond completely with the existing silo walls.



Once the silo is washed, we rinse and re-rinse the bottom; again the cleaner the wall, the better the bond.

Experience the Advantage

A special combination of cement, hardener, plaster sand, and water are thoroughly mixed to create heavy, rich concrete plaster. The mixture is pumped and applied under pressure to the silo walls. During this process, the silo crew makes every effort to fill any voids or worn spots on the wall. We also hand trowel for a very smooth finish for a slick wall.

The finished product; Heavy plaster, very rich concrete, seals your silo and allows the feed to clean off the wall much better. All this applied by the company you know will stand behind what we sell!

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Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program The Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) provides weather-related-loss protection for all crops commercially produced for food or ber for which Catastrophic Risk Protection (crop insurance) is not available. Approaching deadlines are: • Turf grass sod: application closing date is Sept. 1. NAP coverage period is Oct. 1 - Sept. 30. • Asparagus, rhubarb, strawberries: application closing date is Sept. 30. NAP coverage period is Oct. 30 – July 31. • Perennial fruits – apples, cranberries: application By Phyllis Framstad closing date is Nov. 20. NAP coverage period is Dec. Stearns Co. Exec. Dir. 20 – Sept. 20. Benets become available when a covered crop suffers a loss exceeding 50 percent of the approved yield. The payment rate is 55 percent of the average market price that has been established by program procedure. A fee of $250 per crop, not to exceed $750 per county, must be paid by the application closing date for the crop. Producers must le a notice of loss within 15 days after the date of the disaster condition or when damage to the crop is obvious. Microloan Program The Farm Service Agency (FSA) developed the Microloan program to better serve the unique nancial operating needs of beginning, niche and small family farm operations. FSA offers applicants a Microloan designed to help farmers with credit needs of $35,000 or less. The loan features a streamlined application process built to t the needs of new and smaller producers. This loan program will also be useful to specialty crop producers and operators of community supported agriculture (CSA). Eligible applicants can apply for a maximum amount of $35,000 to pay for initial start-up expenses such as hoop houses to extend the growing season, essential tools, irrigation and annual expenses such as seed, fertilizer, utilities, land rents, marketing, and distribution expenses. As nancing needs increase, applicants can apply for a regular operating loan up to the maximum amount of $300,000 or obtain nancing from a commercial lender under FSA’s Guaranteed Loan Program. Individuals interested in applying for a microloan or discussing other farm loan programs available, should contact the local FSA ofce to setup an appointment with a Loan Approval Ofcial. Upcoming deadlines for 2013 • Sept. 15: CRP Managed Harvesting & Grazing ends – remove all livestock and bales • Sept. 25: CRP Managed Harvesting and Grazing reporting deadline • Sept. 30: 2013 Expiring CRP reenrollment deadline • Sept. 30: 2014 NAP Perennial Forage Crops; Select Fruits and Vegetables; or Wild Rice sales deadline • Ongoing: Continuous CRP sign up Farm Service Agency is an Equal Opportunity Lender, Complaints about discrimination should be sent to: Secretary of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. Visit the Farm Service Agency Web site at: for necessary application forms and updates on USDA programs.

TRY REBUILT HANSON® UNLOADERS Why Rebuilt Hanson® Unloaders?

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• Professionally powder coated. • NO GIMMICKS! Just unloaders that throw! • 100s of references available! Our customers are our best sales people. • We always stand behind what we sell! NO GIMMICKS! The Best Service Crews, The Best Replacement Parts, The Best Service...That’s The Osakis Silo Advantage To You!!!


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Call Out Of Minnesota Call 320-859-5340 n A ytime 300 E Main St., Osakis, MN • 320-859-5340 • Fax: 320-859-5751

Which Barn is Best for Your Herd? Starwood Rafters Lam-Ply Truss

Birds just love this barn. The webs in these trusses are easy nest areas for birds. They also restrict air flow which leads to poor ventilation and moisture buildup in the building.

Starwood Rafters Uses

• Pole Sheds • Free Stalls • Pavilion Shelters • Machinery Storage • Riding Arenas • Spans up to 72 ft. • Up to 12’ spacing depending on the load you desire • Bird Nesting Control • Better Ventilation & Visability • No Feed Alley Post Obstruction • Additional Ceiling Height

The arched rafters create a more open barn allowing better ventilation. Also since there are no open webs in the trusses, there are no places for birds to nest.



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Shoe shopping

Page 30 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013

Cries of anguish are echoing across this great land of ours, all because of the three little words back to school. At least that’s how it was for me. I saw going to school as a form of unjust punishment, like a prisoner who was serv- Dear County Agent Guy ing time for a crime he did not commit. Which really didn’t seem fair because an authentic criminal would at least have fond memories of his crime spree. There were some – and I don’t mean to generalize, but let’s lump them into a demographic we’ll call girls– who felt By Jerry Nelson quite differently about Columnist resuming classes. Indeed, many of them actually seemed to look forward to school. For me, this made as much sense as eagerly anticipating a root canal. An exception to this rule would be our youngest son. After he started attending kindergarten, he would come home to regale us with stories about how he and his new buddy had played tag at noon hour or how he and some other new pal had enjoyed a ne game of nd the booger during recess. As parents, we saw all this as well and good. But when we asked him what he had learned in school, he informed us that all those annoying academics got in the way of his bustling social life. I think that one reason people of the female persuasion eagerly long for the restart of school is that it gives them an excuse to shop. Again, not to generalize, I have observed that shopping is an activity that seems highly esteemed by persons who have two X chromosomes. This fondness for shopping totally bafes me – that is, unless the items being shopped for include such things as John Deere tractors. Or a combine. I’m

quite exible when it comes to snooping around for For the longest time when I was a kid, I didn’t big-ticket greenery. know what my shoe size was. This is because my It’s become somewhat axiomatic that persons of shoes were referred to as PT boats or schooners or the feminine afliation have a thing for shoes. They simply boats around our house. I never learned if this need to have shoes that match their purse, shoes that was in reference to their size or their smell. go with their nails, shoes to When it became time wear on Tuesdays, shoes for for me to get new shoes, I when the wind is blowing I wouldn’t was taken to a classy store ld ’ b be able bl to tell ll the h out of the south, and on and such as JC Penneys. A shoe difference between a cute on. salesman would sit on his I wouldn’t be able to miniature chaise and meatell the difference between a shoe and a cruel shoe. sure my right foot, politely cute shoe and a cruel shoe. I ignoring the tattered stockconsider shoes to be nothing ing and what I have been more than the things that you must wear to get into told is a paint-peeling aroma. The salesman would a classy restaurant or to keep your feet from running announce my shoe size with authoritative panache around naked. and Dad would tell him to add a notch or two for anMy wife and I recently made the mistake of vis- ticipated growth. iting a large shopping center during the height of I could see the logic behind this. Dad, like me, back-to-school mania. Swarms of moms were push- didn’t especially enjoy shoe shopping. Although I ing overburdened shopping carts down the crowded might have seen things quite differently if my clodaisles, their school-aged children in tow. Dads gener- hoppers had come in John Deere green. ally brought up the rear, their faces wan and sullen as Jerry is a recovering dairy farmer from Volga, S.D. He they mentally tallied what this was costing them. and his wife, Julie, have two grown sons and live on the farm And in each and every cart was at least one pair of where Jerry’s great-grandfather homesteaded over 110 years shoes! It was as if the entire population of school kids ago. Jerry currently works full time for the Dairy Star as a had gone unshod all summer. staff writer/ad salesman. Feel free to email him at: jerry.n@ Getting new shoes was a big deal when I was a kid. Back then, shoes weren’t purchased as casually as a side of French fries, which seems to be the case these days. Where are the shoe salesmen from the days of yore? Guys who spent entire careers facing stinky feet as they sat on their tiny stool with that little ramp atDakota tached to its front? No one measures feet when buying shoes nowadays. Gone is that metal gizmo that had a set of sliders to precisely gauge the size and width of your feet. But I’m glad that I missed the era of the Foot-o-scope, a 701-297-9742 machine that used a powerful beam of X-rays to determine your correct shoe size. WORKS WELL FOR COMPOST BARNS! “Mrs. Anderson, your son needs a size 6 D shoe. And his feet are also cooked to a very succulent medium well.” All-Natural Wood Bedding


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Page 32 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013


Holstein Steers • Fed Dairy Cows • Lean Dairy Cows Your local area buyer for MN, IA and WI.

Bruce Belter • 507-429-0359 Holstein Steers • Lean Cows • Bulls • Fed Cows Bill Bartusch • 877-300-9298 Long Prairie, MN Lean Cows • Bulls

First or last

When the kids were little we celebrated their rsts – rst smile, rst tooth, rst steps, rst birthday, rst day of school. As the kids have grown, we are now celebrating the lasts – last day of school, last 4-H state fair show, last football game, last Christmas school concert, and last high school graduation. I feel like we are celebrating the rst of Just Thinking Out Loud lasts and the last of rsts. It kind of sounds like the opening line in Charles Dickens’s A Tale of Two Cities. “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, … it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.” It is being both happy and sad at the same time for the same event. Here are a few examples to explain what I mean. I took our annual rst day of school picture with Austin grinning from ear to ear as he starts his senior year in high school. This will be the last rst day of By Natalie Schmitt school picture I get to take. Over the years, the rst Columnist day of school picture was our standard Christmas card picture. Four little Schmitts standing in a row at the end of the driveway, backpacks stuffed with new supplies slung over their shoulders, waiting for the bus to whisk them away to school. I think Ernie’s route ran a little long that day as mothers snapped back to school pictures before releasing their children from the summer chore routine and moving them back into the school routine. Flipping through the photo album, it is fun watching the kids grow from year to year; how Jonathon stood head and shoulders above the rest and how they caught up and passed him. For many years, Jonathon was our tallest child. As fast as he grew, we just knew he was going to be well over six feet tall. Well, he didn’t make the mark, but his younger brothers both passed him up. I think I discovered the scientic reasoning behind this occurrence. I’m sorry, Jonathon, but I didn’t drink enough milk when I was pregnant with you. Results published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition show teenagers are generally taller if their mothers drank at least 150 ml of milk a day. That is a smidge over a half a cup of milk a day. Researchers tracked babies born to 809 women in Denmark in 1988 and 1989. They monitored how much milk the mothers consumed during their pregnancy. Babies were measured and weighed at birth and again 20 years later. Researchers discovered children born to women who drank milk were more likely to be taller when teenagers. When I was pregnant with Jonathon I craved cheeseburgers at 10:30 every morning after my radio shift was over. With Michael, I ate Mexican foods. No wonder he is always hopping around like a Mexican jumping bean. By the time Austin came along, I was cleaning up the food and milk left behind by three little kids. I couldn’t let the food go to waste. I must have had more than 150 ml of milk a day with Austin judging by his height. The collage of senior pictures on our living room wall will be complete this fall when we hang the last senior picture in the collection. Austin has patiently waited for his portrait to hang in testimony to his graduation alongside his brothers and sister. Mark’s senior picture still hangs with his siblings in the hallway of his parent’s home. My senior picture is still displayed at my parent’s home as well. Senior pictures are kind of like the rst day of school pictures marking the beginning of a new year so you can look back to see how far you have come. Another way of looking at senior pictures is like a passport to adulthood. An account of what you looked like when you started on this new adventure of college, career and life. The State Fair was lled with rsts and lasts for our crew. Katie closed out her 4-H career on Saturday afternoon as she promenaded around the ring with Carnation for the last time. One less pair of show whites to wash next season. As the door closed on Katie’s showing career, Michael and Austin opened the door to showing in the Open Show and extending their stay at the State Fair during the extremely hot weather. It was a miracle the cattle came back to our barn without missing a beat. Michael did a great job taking care of the cattle. He has learned well over the years. Showing cattle has been a great opportunity for the kids, but as they get older and careers take a higher priority the show string will eventually retire for awhile. Mark showed all through his 4-H career and into his early 20s. The last time Mark showed was the rst time we met. He showed a heifer named Thrill at the District Holstein Show and retired for the next ten years until our children were old enough to handle the animals. Another day lled with rsts and lasts. Natalie, Mark and his brother, Al, Schmitt farm together near Rice, Minn. They milk 100 registered Holsteins under the RALMA prex. Their four children are great help around the farm and are pushing Natalie out of several jobs. Therefore she is thankful to have something else to do. For questions or comments please e-mail Natalie at mnschmitt@

Bill Bartusch • 877-300-9298 South St. Paul, MN Lean Cows • Bulls

Green Bay Dressed Beef


John Larson • 800-345-0293 Green Bay, WI Holstein Steers • Fed Cows • Lean Cows Jim Ryan • 605-668-4275 Yankton, SD Lean Cows • Bulls Mike Baczwaski • 800-445-0042 Gibbon, NE Fed Cows • Lean Cows • Bulls

Sales & Installation of HiTensile Fence

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State Fair – without kids

Fifteen Minnesota State Fairs. That’s how long Glen and I have been together. And I can still remember meeting him at that rst state fair like it was yesterday. We celebrate the crossing of our paths by returning to the state fair each year – and this year was no different. What was different this year – at least differThe Next Generation ent from our past six state fair visits – was that we didn’t take the kids with us. Yes, I just died a little inside putting that down on paper, because now there’s no denying it. But as hard as the decision was for me to accept, it was the right decision. After our trip to the fair last year, Glen announced on the way home – or maybe even before we left the fairgrounds – that we were not bringing children with us to the fair next year. I agreed. Most of what I remember about last year’s state fair was hot, sweaty, crabby kids. However, when it came time to make our plans By Sadie Frericks for this year’s state fair, a little piece of my heart Columnist/Writer kept wanting to bring the kids along. To me, the people who can say they’ve been to the state fair every year of their life are incredibly lucky. I was in high school before I took my rst trip to the Minnesota State Fair. I wanted my kids to have an opportunity I didn’t while growing up. I wanted my kids to be part of that lucky group. I even tried to gure out how Glen and I could bring the kids for just a few hours and then go back together, with just each other. In the end, I squelched the little voice that kept telling me to bring the kids. The decision was well worth the anguish that went into making it. Our friend who watched the kids for us assured me that I wasn’t ruining my kids’ lives by not taking them to the fair. Instead, she said, this was some much needed time together for me and Glen. As parents, I believe we sometimes get so caught up in keeping our children happy that we forget to keep our marriage happy. Our state fair date was relaxed and enjoyable. And, as it turned out, it was one hot date. We picked one of the 90-or-so degree days to go to the fair. Within minutes of arriving at the fairgrounds, I realized that we would have melted our kids had we brought them along. Maneuvering around seemed effortless compared to the past several years of steering the stroller through the crowds. We listened to the band in the bandshell for awhile and didn’t have to worry about how much noise our kids were making or whether they were running away or not. We ate what we wanted, when we wanted. And we didn’t have to share. That meant I had a whole bowl of Nitro Ice Cream to enjoy all by myself. Well, I did let Glen steal a couple spoonfuls. Maybe next year we’ll bring the kids. Or maybe not. Sadie and her husband, Glen, milk 75 cows near Melrose, Minn. They have three children – Dan, 6, Monika, 4, and Daphne, 7 months. Sadie also writes a blog at She can be reached at

Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013 • Page 33

CMP 2000 CALF MILK PASTEURIZER from Darlington Dairy Supply Co. Inc.

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“Installing this pasteurizer was one of the best cost-saving measures I’ve done so far with our dairy! It is much heavier duty than what I expected it to be - a much better value than I expected! The pasteurizer is very user friendly and put together very well. Gary from Dairy Direct and Torri from Darlington Dairy Supply came out to install it and they did a very professional job. They helped us pasteurize the first batch with us to make sure we knew how to run it and clean it properly. My initial concern was that it would be difficult for everyone to understand and operate. The controls were very user friendly, very simple to use and more automated than I expected. With calves it is very important to keep everything as clean as possible. Gary does an excellent job with keeping our milking parlor system clean. With Gary’s expertise, I had no doubt that he would do a great job on my pasteurizer. One of the reasons why I chose this pasteurizer was that I have all the parts and service available locally.” - Brent Czech of New Heights Dairy Rice, MN

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“Leading you in the right direction for your dairy operation needs.” The next issue of the Dairy Star is published September 28th.



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Page 40 • Dairy Star • Saturday, September 14, 2013

Call us for more information: Advanced Dairy Solutions Richland Center, WI 608-647-4488 • 800-772-4770 Centre Dairy Equipment Sauk Centre, MN 320-352-5762 • 800-342-2697 Eastern Iowa Dairy Systems Epworth, IA • 563-876-3087

Hobert Sales Inc. Cokato, MN 320-286-6284 800-820-6455 (milk) Fitzgerald, Inc. Elkader, IA 563-245-2560 Fuller's Milker Center, Inc. Lancaster, WI • 800-887-4634

Midwest Livestock Systems Menomonie, WI • 715-235-5144 Pine Island, MN • 800-233-8937 Sioux Falls, SD • 800-705-1447 Beatrice, NE • 800-742-5748 Fullerton, NE • 402-920-1217 Monroe Westfalia Surge Monroe, Wisconsin 608-325-2772

Sioux Dairy Equipment, Inc. Rock Valley, IA 712-476-5608 • 800-962-4346 Colton, SD Service 800-944-1217 Edgerton, MN Chemical Sales 507-920-8626 Leedstone Melrose, MN 320-256-3303 • 800-996-3303 Glencoe, MN 320-864-5575 • 877-864-5575

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