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Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014 • Page 3

It’s all inside... Tschidas nd right t for upgrading Page 1, 5, 8

Ruther delivers his own daughter Pages 1, 9

Dairy’s Star Youth: Megan Hollermann Page 6 Third Section

Kids Corner: The Schifers Pages 38 - 39

Pages 36 - 37

Pages 17, 21 Second Section

Pages 3, 9 Second Section

Iowa family begins a new life as dairy farmers

Pages 2- 3 Third Section

Schroeder manages family’s dairy farm

Lauer proposes to ancé with calf

Pages 18, 22 - 23

Bemboom balances coaching wrestling, milking cows

Page 35

Thielen part of 1974 title team

Producers share insight on signicant production increase

Women in Jeans: Mary Faust

Kansas family mulling investment in robotic milkers Pages 14 - 15 Second Section

Perham Grey Eagle

Pierz

Burtrum

Beef business diversies Pine Knoll Farms

Sauk Rapids Albany St. Martin

Melrose

Pages 10 - 11

Pages 12 - 13

Galesville Owatonna

Lismore

Contents FIRST SECTION Page 16 From Our Side of the Fence Page 25 Predicting a cool, wet spring Page 26 FSA News & Notes Page 28 Are cover crops in your forage supply? Page 29 New manure application license requirements for 2014 Page 31 Herd Surng

SECOND SECTION Page 10 The “Mielke” Market Weekly Page 11 Dairy Markets Page 12 Iowa hay auction results Page 18 Trend of higher mailbox prices continued in November Page 22 Dairy in the Suburbs Page 23 Making Cents of Dairy

La Crosse

Hull Pages 24 - 25 DHIA 2013 High 200 herd Honor Roll Page 27 Mid-American hay Auction Results Page 33-34 Youth winners from Great Christmas Heifer Giveaway Page 38 Dairy Recipes Page 39 People in the Dairy Community THIRD SECTION Pages 9, 12 Many factors affect cost of raising dairy replacements Page 10 Grazing reduces purchased feed for goats Page 13 Shuttered AMPI building in Minn. may have buyer Pages 15 - 16 Dairy Calendar Pages 18 - 19 One-On-One with Joe Klein Pages 20 - 21, 23 Some Udder Stuff Pages 24 - 31 Classieds

Robotic milkers working well for organic producers Page 4 Third Section

Calmar

NICC debuts new robotic milking barn Pages 4 - 7 Second Section

Columnists Ag Insider Pages 6-7

The Next Generation Page 33

Veterinary Wisdom Page 34

Getting Kerry’d Away Page 27

Just Thinking Out Loud Page 32

Dear County Agent Guy Page 30

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Page 4 • Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014

USED EQUIPMENT SAUK CENTRE

PIERZ

TRACTORS

NH T8040, 305 HP, 1875 hrs., front susp., front duals, front/rear weights, all new rubber, auto guidance.$159,500 NEW! NH T7.200, Super Steer, FWA, power shift ............................... In Stock T5.115, cab, FWA, loader ........... In Stock Ford Genesis 8670, FWA, 145 HP, 540/ 1000 PTO, 4 remotes, 18.4x42....Just In

Ford 6600, recent new engine, loader ......................................... $5,800 Ford 4000 .................................... $4,200 NH T8020, Super steer, FWA, duals F/R, 1250 hrs., clean ....$126,000 NEW! T8.330, front suspension, 50 KPH trans., deluxe cab ..................... In Stock NEW! T6.160, cab, FWA ......... In Stock SKID LOADERS New L218, cab, heat, AC ............ In Stock T5.115, cab, FWA, loader......... In Stock T4.115, cab, FWA, loader ........ In Stock AUGERS

BB 330 In Stock

WE SELL WESTFIELD AUGERS

INCREASED CAPACITY. INCREASED DENSITY New Holland BigBalers are the new benchmark for baling capacity and productivity. They deliver up to a 20% increase in baling capacity and a 5% increase in bale density as compared to previous models, making the BigBaler a SMART choice for your hay operation. The industry-leading New Holland pre-compression chamber assures dense, perfect flake formation and now gets a little help from the new standard roller windguard that helps to pre-compress the crop before it even reaches the pickup tines. There’s much more: HIGHER-CAPACITY FEEDING: NEW MAXISWEEP™ PICKUP USES A FULL-WIDTH, FEED-ASSIST ROLLER WITH OVERSHOT/UNDERSHOT AUGERS TO PULL OVERWIDTH WINDROWS IN WITH SPEED AND CONSISTENCY

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THE INDUSTRY’S FASTEST REACTION TO CHANGING WINDROW CONDITIONS: NEW SMARTFILL™ BALE FLAKE FORMATION INDICATORS ARE LOCATED AT THE FRONT OF THE PRECOMPRESSION CHAMBER, NOT AT THE PLUNGER

4x6 Units Available Mid-Summer 2014!

© 2013 CNH America LLC. New Holland is a registered trademark of CNH America LLC.

MODERN FARM EQUIPMENT SAUK CENTRE, MN

320-352-6543 • Hwy. 71 South

Store Hours: Monday-Friday 8-5, Saturday Seasonal

PIERZ, MN

(formerly Morrison County Tractor & Equipment Inc.)

320-468-2161 • Hwy. 27 West

www.modernfarmequipment.com FARM RAISED.

TRACTORS

SKID LOADERS

Farm King 8x51, PTO drive .......... $2,500 Bobcat S185, cab, heat..................Just In Mayrath 8x61, elect., 10 HP motor $2,900 NH LS170, cab, heat .................. $16,800 Westfield MK 13x111 w/”flex” hopper NH LS180,cab/heat, 2 spd., option, like new, consigned ...... $28,500 clean ........................................ $16,900 CONSIGNED JD 320, cab, heat, AC, 850 hrs., DMI 527B, disc gang. 5 shank, disc 2007 model .............................. $21,400 leveler, used less than 1000 acres $17,900 DMI SG130, 15’ primary tillage crumbler, hitch for 527 DMI ripper............. $2,950 Wilrich 3400 FC, 36’, 4 bar coil harrow $9,500 Flexicoil 17’ coil packer, 1-1/2” double coils .................... $6,900 Kinze 2100 mounted 12-30, JD corn meters, in-furrow, liquid fert., Sunco BALERS row cleaners ............................... $7,500 NH BB940, 3x3, applicator, IH 706 gas, cozy cab, 2 remotes, 18.4x34 ...................................... $5,000 single axle ................................ $39,500 NH BR7070, net, twine, XS, 4x6 . $24,800 TILLAGE NH BR740A, roto cut, twine/net, Glenco F551B disc chisel, 9 shank, mulch bar ................................... $9,900 wide pickup .............................. $24,500 NH 565 sq. baler, w/72 thrower .... $6,500 JD 2700 6 btm, coulters, in furrow..................................... $4,500 JD 327 w/30 thrower .................... $5,500 2) JD 3710 10 btm., 2013 models, HAY TOOLS hyd. vari-width ......................... $48,900 NH 1411 10’ discbine................. $12,800 Salford 8214 14 btm. plow, 2012 model .............................. $53,500 NH 1431, 13’ discbine, Salford 12 btm. plow .................. In Stock drawbar swivel ......................... $19,800 NH 1431, 13’ discbine, drawbar New - Salford 7206, 6 btm., on-land, coulters ...................... In Stock swivel hitch .............................. $18,500 Salford 9809, 9 shank disc ripper In Stock NH 1465, 9’, stub guards ........... $10,800 New - Salford 9811 19’ HD NH 1465, 9’ .................................. $9,800 disc ripper ................................ In Stock NH 499 12’ swing, 540 PTO ......... $6,700 Salford 9813,13 shank disc ripper .....Call MacDon 4000, 9’ sickle................ $7,900 Disc blade sharpener, FORAGE all diameter blades ..................... $2,500 NH FP240, processor, tandems, HAY 3 RN ......................................... $39,500 NH BB940A, tandem axle, rotocut, preservative, nice baler ..................$59,500 Gehl 750 chopper......................... $1,450 NH 630 round baler, 4x4, twine .......... $5,900 Miller 5200, 16’, right hand discharge, NH BR7060, 4x5, roto cut, 12 ton tandem ............................ $7,800 twine/net .......................................$24,900 NH 27 blower ................................... $350 NH 1431, 13’ discbine, drawbar swivel, SPREADERS low acres .................................. $19,900 Gehl 1410 (NH 195), 410 bu. NH BR740A, roto cut, twine/net.. $17,900 upper beater, endgate ................. $7,500 NH 1475, 14’ HS head, low acres, shedded, like new..................... $17,900 Gehl 1410, 410 bu., upper beater, endgate, double apron, hyd. drive .......... $10,900 NH 1431 13’ discbine, drawbar swivel hitch .............................. $22,900 TILLAGE CIH 8370, 14’, 540 PTO ............... $2,500 New Salford 7206 plow, 6 bottom, Ogden 10 wheel rake on cart, nice $3,500 on land, coulters ...................... In Stock Pro Ag 1400 bale hiker, auto load/unload up to 18 round bales, consgined $22,000 JD 220 ......................................... $1,500 JD 635, 25-1/2’, cushion gang, FORAGE new blades ............................... $22,900 CIH FHX300, tandems, processsor, MISCELLANEOUS 3 row CH, HH, clean..........................Just In Gehl 700 TR3038, HH ........................ $1,950 Loftness 3 point flail mower ............. $450 Gehl 1065, TR3038, HA1000 HH ....... $6,500 NH 918H 3 point flail mower ........ $2,450 NH FX25, RWA, 10’ hay head, RI 450, non-row sensitive head, will separate.....Call

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SAUK CENTRE, MN 320-352-6543 • Hwy. 71 South

PIERZ, MN 320-468-2161 • Hwy. 27 West


Page 14 • Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014

A new way of dairying Robotic milking with the MIone makes milking a consistent and predictable process. You’ll no longer worry about milkers not showing up for a shift, or “procedural drift” in the way your cows are prepped and milked.

THE MIONE PROVIDES: Consistent milking procedures — Every cow is milked the same way, every time, with no variation due to training issues or human error.

Routine monitoring — You’ll have a constant handle on the performance and health of every cow in your herd, via the system’s daily monitoring of milk weights, milk conductivity, individual-cow components, and feed intake. Freedom and flexibility — You can focus on your most important priorities, both on and off the farm.

Relief from physical labor — Automated processes and more efficient procedures for performing regular cow-management tasks will leave you more time to monitor herd performance. You can focus on management and cow care outside the milking parlor, without the physical exhaustion that accompanies constant milking sessions. Less labor management — You’ll no longer need to hire, train, and manage a crew of employees to milk your cows, and will be relieved of associated regulatory and accounting tasks. You can shift your focus back to managing the entities that likely attracted you to dairying in the first place — your cows.

Room to grow The MIone from GEA Farm Technologies is the only automated milking system that allows for herd expansion without purchasing additional robots. One MIone robot can be adapted to work with up to five milking boxes. Competitive systems are one box:one robot configurations. Expanding to multiple boxes just requires one vacuum pump, one computer system, one wash system, and one application arm. The MIone offers the highest milking capacity for the investment cost. The possibility for future expansion is an important consideration as you design your initial milking center and housing areas.

Monroe WestfaliaSurge

W6031 Melvin Rd. • Monroe, WI

608-325-2772


Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014 • Page 15


From Our Side Of The Fence Page 16 • Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014

A) What do you think of the new farm bill? B) Do you feel it's better than the previous farm bill? C) Will you participate in the margin insurance program? At what level? D) How do you feel the farm bill will benet your dairy? E) Tell us about your farm and your plans for your dairy this year.

What do you think of the new farm bill?

Dale Hines Ellsworth, Wis. Pierce County 70 cows A) It was very hard for them to come together, but they did the best they could. They have a very diverse group of people in congress. Even with our own state representatives, there were some for and some against the farm bill. Finding a middle ground is difcult, but they made a decision – we’ll live with it and move on. I think they gave us a better package than what we could have expected. B) Yes, it is. I think we have been given tools – or risk management – to manage our margins. This will come in handy especially in times of economic and weather challenges. Instead of receiving direct payments, we can buy this insurance and lower our risk. We have the option to buy in at a higher level to lower risk, but we don’t have to. It may cost more to lower risk but then we will have less risk. This farm bill is better, giving us the tools in our toolbox to manage our own risk. C) My insurance agent contacted me to do a webinar, to help me get more information on the margin protection plan. Right now, milk prices are high so people may tend to not participate. But as we see margins tighten, I think we will see more participation. I think there is a lot of gray area, so until they really have a hard copy, I’m not going to run out and sign up. I think eventually there will be good participation. The Livestock Gross Margin (LGM) is still available so that’s going to make a difference. We need to be aware of everything that’s available so we can participate accordingly. We are going to be cautious before we sign up for MPP because the LGM might be a better option for some farmers. We are going to watch all sides of the market-place to make a decision. D) It will help us manage our business better. It’s going to be another tool in our toolbox that will make our job easier. E) My brother, Dean, and I are buying the farm from our parents. Our operation is around 1,000 acres and we milk 70 cows in a tiestall barn.

Steve Matthees Goodhue, Minn. Goodhue County 265 cows

Steve Schlangen Albany, Minn. Stearns County 65 cows

A) There are a lot of changes in this new farm bill. Rather than receiving payments that are preset and somewhat automatic, it will allow a farmer to make his own decisions as to how much risk management protection he needs.

A) I’m glad it’s nally done. We now know what we’ll have for the next ve years. I think the crop insurance part will be almost the same. The biggest difference will be the margin insurance for dairy farmers instead of MILC. The margin insurance will cover the difference between a national all milk price and a national feed price.

B) There will be a learning period as to how well this new farm bill works. But I believe that many of these changes were needed. The old programs were not working, as to protecting farmers’ margins. Also the new farm bill includes reauthorization of disaster programs, such as Livestock Indemnity Payments and the Livestock Forage Disaster Program. The conservation programs of Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) is part of new bill, with 60 percent of its funding reserved for projects on livestock operations. The Margin Protection Program has provisions for a new dairy farmer to establish their base production. The bill also has a program for extended periods of low margins, during which the USDA is required to purchase dairy products under a new Dairy Product Donation Program, to be given to food banks or related non-prot organizations. C) I will buy margin insurance for my milk production, for the same reasons I buy crop insurance. It is all part of risk management. I will decide at what level when I nish buying my milk contracts for price protection from my co-op for the year. D) The milk price projections for 2014 look to be high enough, and the feed cost low enough, so that the Margin Protection Program will not be in place. The MILC payments are predicted not to be paid for 2014 as well. For me, on my dairy farm, the Farm Bill’s Margin Protection Program will not allow another 2009-2010 to happen, when the margins were so low or did not even exist. Back then, the farm programs we had were not enough support.

B) I think it will be better because the direct payments will be gone and there will be more focus on having a better safety net for producers through the insurance programs. These programs will offer a wide range of options as far as what you want to spend and what kind of coverage you want. It will allow for new producers to get coverage but will only cover a small amount of growth from current producers. C) Yes, I plan on participating in the margin insurance program, and I’d probably buy up to the $6.50 level on 90 percent of my base. It’s probably the level that is the most cost effective even though I would have the option to change my coverage from year to year. D) This margin insurance will protect us from going backwards when margins tighten up. With the world markets being a bigger part of consumption, we are more vulnerable to things that are out of our control. This program will provide a good safety net for all producers who want to use it. E) My wife, Cheryl, and I milk 65 cows with a robotic milker and raise corn, alfalfa, soybeans and barley on our 220 acres of land to feed our cows and replacement heifers. With three kids in college, we will probably just try to do a better job raising our crops and getting more milk out of our cows.

Brent Ziegler Green Isle, Minn. Sibley County 270 cows A) I am happy they nally got something done. It is a step in the right direction. B) It is denitely better than the last farm bill. The changes on the crop side are reasonable but more importantly, the dairy provision is a much better program than what we have had. I am especially happy that the price support program has been done away with because it was completely ineffective. I also like that this program is size neutral, it is fair to everyone. C) Yes. Probably at the $6.50 margin and 80-90 percent coverage level because the premiums are reasonable for the coverage level. To me it is something that everyone should participate in. D) It will help create a little more stability at an affordable cost. E) My wife, Sarah, and I milk about 270 cows with the help of a very good team. We purchase the majority of our feed but are in the process of growing more ourselves to have a better control of our costs. We aren’t planning anything major this year except trying to recover from last year.

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E) We hope to build a bedding pack barn with enough room for dry cows, pre-fresh cows, and calving pens. Our current barns for this are not adequate.

Feed & Manure Alley Scrapers

FARM INFORMATION STATION Joe Gill • Farm Director

SERVING CENTRAL MINNESOTA FOR OVER 50 YEARS Toll Free: 855-879-6761

www.forwardfarmlines.com

RUGGED, RELIABLE, and ECONOMICAL

Catch the Dairy Star’s Mark Klaphake with Joe Gill at 6:45 a.m. the 2nd & 4th Fridays of the month on KASM!

PO Box 160, Albany, MN • (320) 845-2184 • Fax (320) 845-2187

tfn


Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014 • Page 19

IDENTIFY changes in milk conductivity linked to changes in somatic cell counts (SCC). MONITOR suspect individuals and cows freshening between DHIA tests. MAS-D-TEC® measures conductivity Easy as 1-2-3! 1. Strip small amount (1 or 2 squirts) of pre- or - FAST post-milk from 1 quarter into the funnel at top of to identify affected Mas-D-Tec®unit. Wipe teats before stripping the sample. quarters. Operates on a 9-volt battery (included).

Why these producers rely on Mas-D-Tec

2. Wait a few seconds for LED display to light up. A reading in White: no concern. A reading in Red: suspect mastitis. Repeat previous steps with the next quarter to be checked. 3. The whole process takes 5 seconds per quarter. The introduction of each new milk sample effortlessly purges previous sample.

“The Mas-D-Tec® is easy for our milkers to quickly “The Mas-D-Tec definitely helped us reduce our SCC and keep it between 150 and 180,000 by check any cow in the parlor during milking and identifying quarters with high conductivity before get an immediate conductivity reading,” says clinical signs,” he adds. Ryan Shores, milking 400 cows at CR Dairy, Ulster, Pa. “It’s user-friendly. No training Chris and Laura Landis of Worth-The-Wait Farm, required. Just strip a little milk into the cup, and Durlach, Pa. rely on their Mas-D-Tec after buying it lights up with a reading right away. This could one to work on lowering a high SCC problem 4 years ago. “Our SCC is now consistently around not be simpler.” 130,000” they report. Jeff and Adam King of York Springs, Pa. have At Chapels Creamery Farm near Easton, Md., also relied on their Mas-D-Tec since they bought Eric and Holly Foster make cheese. Farm manager their first one 12 years ago. They milk 90 cows at Courtney Biggs focuses on getting high quality Pleasant Acres and now have 2 Mas-D-Tec units milk production from the 60 Jerseys. They use the to be sure they never are without one. “We use it Mas-D-Tec to identify quarters with subclinical to test milk on any quarter we have suspicions of mastitis in cows showing up on the DHIA ‘hot list.’ subclinical mastitis,” says Adam. “The Mas-D-Tec pinpoints problems so we can “We also use it to check our fresh cows before make decisions and take action,” says Biggs. putting their milk in the tank. This tool identifies “We use it to check fresh cows, particularly those issues so we can make decisions. that dried off at elevated SCC levels. We would not want to be without this tool.” Available where Udder Comfort is sold Questions, toll free: 1.888.773.7153 Visit uddercomfort.com for demonstration videos — Visit masdtec.com for other information


Page 24 • Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014

These cows depend on you, not that you mind. But when you have a mountain of work to do every day, a Bobcat® loader turns those ugly jobs into a quick, simple task. You can stay ahead of a tough schedule in heated, air-conditioned comfort. It’s OK if all that productivity goes to your head. You are, after all, the man.

They’re fed. They’re happy.

YOU’RE THE MAN.

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Safety equipment needed

Working in the milking parlor everyday can be I grabbed the spray bottle with the medicine and a bit of a hazard. Standing at a lower level than the got one small squirt on the wart. The heifer scooted cows allows for all kinds of nasties to be forward and started shaking her foot. splattered your way. Getting Kerry’d Away Kind of like when I hopped around It’s not uncommon for my co-workwhen I smashed my nger between a ceer to holler, “Incoming.” That’s like a ment block and a loader bucket. (If only code red for get out of the way, a cow is cows could swear.) going to relieve herself in your area. I leaned in and the heifer shook her Most of the time the splattering isn’t foot right into my face and hit me directall that grand. A healthy cow will leave ly on the nose and mouth. To be honest, a very well-laid-out pile. Now, the sick it was gross. Thank goodness she wasn’t cows leave a very chaotic pattern, probactually kicking. That would have hurt. ably because they have a very chaotic I was a bit freaked. I now have to deal pattern going on in their tummies. with the fear of having a hairy heel wart It’s not uncommon, as awful as it growing on my nose and mouth. Zach sounds, for manure to splatter onto a just laughed when I told him it made a By Kerry Hoffman face, for example. It should also be notsquishing sound when the heifer’s foot Columnist ed that it doesn’t take long to learn to made contact with my face. face away from the splatter, until you no longer here it splattering. It’s part of the job and you get used to it. Wednesday morning, the cows were a bit on edge. Steve was at meetings, so we had a replacement milker for him by the name of Tarah. She must smell better than Steve, because the cows sure knew something was amiss in the milking parlor. When something is amiss in the parlor, there is a heck of a lot more splattering. It just so happened that Tarah was up in the holding area bringing cows into the milking parlor when the word incoming should have been shouted. It landed in my eye. It was like looking through a dust storm, only ickier. Now, there was no burning sensation, and it didn’t feel like anything from within the poo was scratching my eyeball, so I gured no harm done. It just made everything look like…well, you know. I continued and nished the milking chores without a hitch. Because I didn’t sleep worth a hoot Tuesday night, the rst thing I did after this dangerous milking was shower up and climb back into bed for a quick nap.

I peered d iinto the h mirror i and d was horrified. My contaminated eye was redder than red can be. (Quick turned into an hour and it still wasn’t even 11 a.m.) I woke up feeling even more tired, made a pot of coffee and ventured into the biffy. I peered into the mirror and was horried. My contaminated eye was redder than red can be. It doesn’t hurt. Just looks like I was in a Three Stooges act and Larry poked me in the eye. Thursday morning wasn’t any different. It didn’t involve my eye, but it was pretty darn close. As I mentioned earlier, the person doing the milking is actually standing lower than the cows. Our parlor was constructed with safety in mind. The lower bar behind the cows was put at a certain level to prevent the cows from having the ability to make contact with a body part. The design works pretty slick, as long as you keep most of your body parts behind that particular pole. Put anything in front of it and I can’t guarantee the cow won’t make contact with that body part. Cows have stepped on my hand, kicked my arm and jammed my ngers. Like I said, the design works great as long as everyone follows the rules. Sometimes the smaller cows scoot forward and you have to lean in beyond the invisible safety barrier to dip the cow’s teats with iodine. Sometimes the cows have sore feet, mostly those nasty hairy heel warts, which have to be treated with this awesome smelling medicine. I don’t know what’s in the treatment, but it really does smell good. It’s too bad the smell doesn’t take away the way it must sting when we spray it directly on the heel wart of the affected foot. Thursday morning, was such the case. A new heifer, which gave birth overnight, came into the parlor for the rst time. She had a nasty wart on her right-rear foot. (By the way, we had two new calves this particular morning, and one of them came from the heifer named M, which I wrote about just the other week.)

Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014 • Page 27

Steve scolded me. I said “I am a 46-year-old and I know I screwed up. You don’t need to reprimand me.” I tried to give him a kiss, and he ran the other way. Of all the nerve. I may have to consider a goalie’s mask to use as a piece of safety equipment, providing I don’t have a growth on my face next week. If that happens, I may have to steal the Unknown Comic’s costume. For questions, or comments, e-mail me at kahoffman@newulmtel.net. Kerry and her husband Steve have operated their New Ulm, MN dairy farm as a team since 1993. Currently, they milk 130 cows with the help of several employees. They have two sons: Joey is a sophomore at South Dakota State University, Brookings majoring in dairy production and Russell is a senior at Cathedral High School in New Ulm.


Manure application license requirements for 2014

Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014 • Page 29

In 2013, the Minnesota legislature and Governor Dayton approved changes to the Commercial Animal Waste Technician (CAWT) licenses. The details in the nal approved bill were developed during a series of meetings in 2012 and 2013. All changes in the new CAWT license By Jose A. program were disHernandez cussed by a group Extension Educator of stakeholders that included manure applicators, feedlot ofcers, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Soil and Water Conservation Districts, and University of Minnesota Extension. Minnesota law requires that companies, site managers and applicators that manage or apply manure for hire obtain a Commercial Animal Waste Technician (CAWT) license from the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA).

MDA issues CAWT licenses MDA issues three types of CAWT licenses: • CAWT company license; • CAWT site manager license; and • CAWT applicator license. A business may not manage or apply manure to the land unless a CAWT company license is held. The company license number must be printed on the application equipment. The company must also employ a CAWT Site Manager who must be on-site to oversee operations and supervise applicators applying manure to the ground. The Site Manager must pass a certication exam for the application of liquid, solid or both types of manure to qualify for the license issued by MDA. A licensed Site Manager may apply manure. A person that is not a licensed Site Manager may not apply manure to the land for hire without a valid CAWT Applicator license. A CAWT Applica-

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tor must be certied by MDA and operate under the supervision of a licensed CAWT Site Manager.

When is a CAWT license needed? A business must hold a license to conduct commercial manure application or manure stockpiling operations. A person applying manure for hire and, in certain instances, private producers managing or applying their own manure to the land must be licensed. The following are examples of when a license is required: • A commercial or a for-hire application when money or other compensation is exchanged to manage or apply manure to the ground; • A private producer applying their own manure when they have a capacity of 300 animal units or more and do not have an updated manure management plan; or • A commercial or a for-hire operation that stockpiles manure.

manure or both. Verify on the application form that nancial responsibility obligations are met. A CAWT License is valid for one (1) year and must be renewed annually. Preparing for the exam: MDA has study materials available to help you prepare for the open-book exam. All test questions come directly from the study manuals. Contact the MDA to request a study manual. Certication: You must pass the certication exam for a license to be awarded. Each test contains 100 multiple-choice questions. The test is monitored. To schedule testing in your area, see CAWT Testing Locations in Greater Minnesota (https://www.mda.state. mn.us/en/licensing/licensetypes/cawt/ cawtcontacts.aspx). To schedule testing at the MDA St.

Paul ofce, call 651-201-6633. Recertication: Prior to renewing your license, you must attend a recertication workshop once every other year. The MDA will approve workshops that meet certain standards, are educational, and include training programs addressing manure applicator concerns, such as water quality protection and the development of manure management plans. The one-day workshops are geared towards liquid and/or solid license categories and must be a minimum of 3 hours long. For application forms or information, please email to pesticide.licensing@mda.state.mn.us, or call 651-2016615. For more information, visit the MDA CAWT Website: https:// www.mda.state.mn.us/licensing/licensetypes/cawt.aspx

When is a CAWT license not needed? Private producers do not need a business, site manager or applicator license in certain situations. The following are examples of when a license is not needed: • Private producers applying manure to their own elds when they have less than 300 animal units; or • Private producers applying manure to their own elds when they have an updated manure management plan that meets the requirements of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency rules. How to obtain a license Application: Apply for a CAWT Company or Site Manager license online. You may obtain a paper application form from MDA. The license application fee is $100 for a CAWT company license and $50 for a CAWT Site Manager license. This is a non-refundable application fee. Fill out the application completely. Indicate on the form what type of manure you apply — solid manure, liquid

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Page 40 • Dairy Star • Saturday, March 8, 2014

One-step convenie nce

Synthesis™ one step acid cleaner It’s like having “housekeeping” in your pipeline of Synthesis is effective in cleaning the milking system and preventing internal teat sealant residue build-up. It combines the detergent and acid cycle into one step, saving time and money in the C.I.P. washing process.

milk more cows

use less hot water

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save energy

environmentally friendly

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