Page 1






Maximum potential financial aid FOR STUDENTS LIVING OFF CAMPUS





$2,309 less AID








he decision to move off-campus at Penn, for many students, frequently demands strenuous juggling of cost calculations and complicated logistics. For students who receive financial aid, these calculations become even more complicated. This past spring, Student Registration and Financial Services changed its policy for distribution of aid to students living on and off campus. According to an email sent from an SFS staff member to College sophomore and Penn First member Mohammad Oulabi, ”[b] eginning this year, students who move off campus will have a lower budget than stu-

dents who live on-campus.” The SFS website still listed both oncampus and off-campus costs of attendance as $72,584 in mid-July, but by late September, it listed the on-campus assumed cost as $72,584 and the off-campus assumed cost as $70,275, according to internet archive website Wayback Machine. University Director of Financial Aid Elaine Papas Varas said that because the federal government requires the University to publish data on the differences in cost of SEE HOUSING PAGE 7

Some low-income students are left out of free meal program

U. Council hosts open forum without much discussion

Penn contacts students in need inconsistently

Only four pre-selected speakers could talk openly


JAMES MEADOWS Staff Reporter

Penn identifies certain “highneed” students every year to ensure that they have adequate meal options over breaks like Thanksgiving, though some have indicated that the way these “high-need” students are identified remains unclear. The result is that while some low-income students are actively invited to participate in these targeted programs, others are left entirely in the dark about what they are. Student Registration and Financial Services and Penn Dining have provided students with free meals at Gourmet Grocer in the days before Thanksgiving break for the past two years. This past Thanksgiving, SRFS contacted almost 900 students they identified as “high-need” to offer them extended meal options over the break, according to Pam Lampitt, Director of Hospitality Services. Of the 900 students, 105 participated in the program, which was made possible when Penn’s chapter of Swipe Out Hunger allowed students to donate their unused meal swipes to students in need. “You do not need to have a din-

Houston Hall’s Bodek Lounge was packed on Wednesday afternoon as dozens of students filed in to attend the University Council’s biannual open forum, which is meant to serve as a platform for any and all members of the Penn community to raise issues for discussion. But while four pre-selected people were allowed a few minutes to speak, the council engaged in little open discussion. The UC functions as a representative body made up of undergraduate and graduate students, faculty, staff, and executive administrators, including Penn President Amy Gutmann and Provost Wendell Pritchett. All members are meant to have the ability to recommend policy changes to the University. At the forum, three undergraduate students and one professor expressed their concerns with various aspects of University life but none received a substantive response from administrators. One of the pre-selected presenters, Diane Deissroth, Wharton Real Estate Department business administrator, did not attend. One of the speakers, Simone Unwalla, the captain of the wom-


Around the Thanksgiving holiday, Penn offered free meals from Gourmet Grocer to students identified as “high-need.”

ing plan to participate, and if you do have a dining plan, no swipes or Dining Dollars will be charged for these meals,” University Director of Financial Aid Elaine Papas Varas wrote in an email sent out to the students in “high need.” “Meals will be provided at no cost to you via donated swipes from the Swipe Out Hunger campaign.” But some low-income students say SRFS’ definition of “highneed” is not always comprehensive, causing some students who need the program to be excluded from it. In fact, because the email from Varas was only sent out to the students that the University

identified as “high need,” some students who needed the program were not aware that the program even existed. “It’s almost impossible for those students to get food [from the program] unless they heard from a friend that this is something that is offered,” said College junior Lyndsi Burcham, who is the secretary for Penn First — a student organization for first-generation, low-income students. This was the case for College freshman Cassandra Jobman, who is a Daily Pennsylvanian Opinion SEE THANKSGIVING PAGE 6

OPINION | Race and admissions

“Simply put, admissions offices must cease favoring white students over Asian.” - Lucy Hu PAGE 5

SPORTS | Penn Athletics and Title IX

Among its Ivy League peers, Penn has the least amount of female head coaches, at 40 percent of all female varsity teams. BACKPAGE


NEWS Common Party hosts former neoNazi speaker


en’s fencing team and a College junior, accused the administration of artificially inflating the rosters of women’s athletic teams to abide by Title XI anti-discrimination policy, which states that the number of female athletes at an institution needs to be proportionate to the number of female students at the institution. Unwalla noted that five women listed on the fencing team’s roster do not regularly attend practice and added that she has not even met three of them. Penn Athletics, like many other peer institutions, has been plagued for years by complaints of an athletic gender gap. While both Grace Calhoun, the director of athletics and recreation, and Brian Sennett, the chief of Penn Sports Medicine were present at the beginning of the meeting to discuss concussion testing and the mental health of student athletes, both left before Unwalla spoke. The moderator, University Secretary Leslie Kruhly, thanked Unwalla for commenting and moved onto the next speaker. None of the other administrators present responded to Unwalla’s complaint. “It’s really up to any member of the council to ask follow up questions to further the discussion, but we really didn’t see any of that,” College junior Jay Shah, a member of UC Steering Committee and the

vice president of the Undergraduate Assembly, said. Third-year School of Design and School of Arts and Sciences graduate student Miles Owen, who is the Graduate and Professional Student Assembly president, said he was disappointed that the forum was so short and that it included only four speakers. Community members who wished to be guaranteed speaking time had to submit a request the Office of the University Secretary by the morning of Nov. 28, and at the forum itself, the speaking time of all of approved speakers was roughly three minutes. College senior and Undergraduate Assembly President Michelle Xu said she could understand why attendees might have been surprised by administrators’ lack of engagement, but added that this was part of University Council “protocol.” “There is a protocol [to these meetings],” she said. “You make a statement, they take everything that was said at UC and deliberate it at UC steering. It’s not that administrators don’t want to respond.” However, Xu also said she is not aware of any formal mechanism for students to ensure that the concerns they raised at the open forum will actually be followed up on by SEE U. COUNCIL PAGE 6

NEWS University Realty delays move-in date again PAGE 9





Latina sorority honors DACA recipients at gala event Proceeds went to cancer research at St. Jude’s UROOBA ABID Contributing Reporter

After a difficult few months following the repeal of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, Penn’s Lambda Theta Alpha Latin sorority wanted to make this year’s charity banquet for St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital special. Titled “La Luna Ball: A Night Under the Stars,” the dinner and performances honored the night’s “stars” — people and students of color, DACA recipients, immigrants, and most importantly the

children and families of St. Jude’s, said College junior Brianna Vizcaino. “We are trying to honor the stars that go unnoticed, such as student performance groups that don’t get many shows during the semester and other activist organizations,” Vizcaino said. Vizcaino is the treasurer of Penn’s Lambda Theta Alpha and was the chair of this year’s banquet. Before this year’s event even began, the sorority had raised over $3,200 for St. Jude’s — already surpassing last year’s donations of $2,741. This year’s Sunday event was the third annual banquet that Penn’s chapter hosted. The night kicked off with a

poem by College junior Ayah ElFahmawi from The Excelano Project, Penn’s spoken word group, and was followed by a performance by The Inspiration A Cappella, a co-ed a cappella group founded to celebrate the legacy of the African diaspora. “With the current climate, a lot is going on at Penn and around the world,” Vizcaino said. “I think it was important for me to make some kind of change in the community.” Nationally, Lambda Theta Alpha officially became St. Jude’s collegiate partner in 2010. The partnership has helped raise hundreds of thousands of dollars for the hospital. St. Jude’s provides treatment, travel, housing, and food

free of charge to all patients. Lambda Theta Alpha co-hosted an event with three other sororities on Nov. 15 that focused on the Mirabal sisters, four historic feminist political figures from the Dominican Republic. This was the first event sponsored by a grant from the Intercultural Greek Council, which aimed to facilitate more collaboration among minority groups on campus. The other sororities that co-hosted included Sigma Lambda Upsilon, Alpha Kappa Alpha, and Delta Sigma Theta. The banquet this weekend took place in Houston Hall’s Bodek Lounge, with backlights, photo booths, and balloons. “I feel like every year [the event]

is upgraded,” Lambda Theta Alpha Social Chair and College junior Stephanie Gregory said. “It’s

definitely evolved into something elegant — a step above what we thought it could be.”

New student group, BARS, tackles criminal justice


Members have worked in prisons and a middle school AMY LIU Contributing Reporter




Before Lambda Theta Alpha’s third annual event even began, it had already raised over $3,200 for St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital.

As the election for the City of Philadelphia’s next district attorney began to heat up this past spring, the discussion of criminal justice reform became central both to the people of Philadelphia as well as to students at Penn. And now that Democratic candidate Larry Krasner, who ran primarily on this progressive platform, has been elected to the post, the student group Beyond Arrest: Re-Thinking Systematic Oppression is continuing to bring Penn students into this movement. Besides hosting on-campus meetings and speakers, BARS members volunteer with educational programs in prisons and publish a monthly blog about criminal justice. In September, BARS partnered with Penn Democrats to host an event, entitled “Ending Mass Incarceration: A Panel Discussion,” with then-Democratic nominee Krasner on Penn’s campus. BARS Co-President and College


College junior Madison Dawkins founded the group, “Beyond Arrest: Rethinking Systems of Oppression,” in spring 2016.

junior Madison Dawkins led a correctional education program at Riverside Correctional Facility and took classes on criminal justice, such as Penn professor Marie Gottschalk’s “Race and Criminal Justice.” With that experience, Dawkins founded BARS in the spring of 2016 so that students could address criminal justice reform outside of the classroom. College sophomore and Co-President Ayanna Coleman also helped found the club. Three weeks after the group officially formed, they invited cofounder of the Youth Sentencing & Reentry Project Lauren Fine to speak about juvenile offenders sen-

Meet the



Wednesday, December 13 at 1PM New College House Dining Center RSVP REQUIRED


tenced to life in prison without parole. The meeting attracted nearly 50 people. “Conversations that highlighted different aspects of the criminal justice system were being exclusively held in classroom settings, and that seriously limited the number of people who would be engaged in dialogue,” Dawkins said. BARS members have volunteered with Books Through Bars, an organization that distributes free books and educational materials to incarcerated people in the Northeast, and they have worked as tutors in the Petey Greene Program. Next semester, BARS plans to partner

with the Netter Center and Penn professors to run an after-school educational program on mass incarceration at the nearby Comegys Elementary School. During winter break, BARS will begin a literacy workshop for men with life sentences at Graterford State Correctional Institution who are petitioning for commutation, which is a reduction in sentence leading to release or parole. BARS members will help the men edit their commutation letters. “They have been interacting with the system for so long, preventing them from getting a formal education,” Dawkins said. “We want to flesh out what they’re trying to say so that the Board of Pardons will seriously consider them.” Dawkins and College sophomore and Marketing Co-Director Jenna Liu emphasized the lack of opportunities for incarcerated individuals to learn job skills and overcome substance additions while in prison. “The cost of training programs to help them get jobs after they get out is incredibly minuscule when you think a about how much mass incarceration costs annually,” Liu said. “It’s billions and billions.”

But even if people are released, incarceration still acts as a cycle, Dawkins said. Exclusionary employment and housing policies make it hard for those incarcerated to adjust after they are released, putting them “in the same situation that initially led to [their] incarceration.” Liu emphasized that mass incarceration particularly targets people of color. “The roots of segregation, institutionalized oppression and Jim Crow has had a huge influence on the laws and policies of the criminal justice system today,” Liu said. The group recently presented “Life After Life,” a documentary by Tamara Perkins that chronicles the lives of three men after their release from San Quentin State Prison. Afterwards, Perkins asked how many students had been affected by incarcerated friends and family members. College freshman Carson Eckard recalled the majority of attendees raising their hands. “That was really powerful,” Eckard said. “The prison industrial complex is way more than just people who are incarcerated. It affects everyone who is remotely tied to that.”

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Why we shouldn’t give up on Penn SIMONETTI SAYS SO | The struggle to find happiness in a discouraging place

THURSDAY DECEMBER 7, 2017 VOL. CXXXIII, NO. 92 133rd Year of Publication CARTER COUDRIET President DAN SPINELLI Executive Editor LUCIEN WANG Print Director ALEX GRAVES Digital Director ALESSANDRO VAN DEN BRINK Opinion Editor REBECCA TAN Senior News Editor WILL SNOW Senior Sports Editor CHRIS MURACCA Design Editor CAMILLE RAPAY Design Editor JULIA SCHORR Design Editor LUCY FERRY Design Editor VIBHA KANNAN Enterprise Editor SARAH FORTINSKY News Editor MADELEINE LAMON News Editor ALLY JOHNSON Assignments Editor

My surroundings, both on and offline, tell me that I should be having a good time at Penn. I’m constantly confronted by the Facebook albums of friends from home, filled with photos from New Student Orientation, fraternity parties, and football games. Social media has always been a way for people to broadcast their happiness, but for college freshmen, it’s more than that. Our Instagram accounts are our social GPAs — tools to prove to family and friends that we’re thriving in our new environments. In person, it’s no different. On Friday nights, I pass by clusters of girls, dressed in all black, giggling in the Quad, and I feel ashamed. Should I be going out too? How do they have that many friends? Is there something wrong with me? Although I know it’s untrue, it often seems like I’m the only one who isn’t enjoying myself in college. And at Penn, even happiness feels like a competition. Maybe it’s socially unacceptable, but I’ll admit it: My first semester here has been tough. At the beginning of the school year, I wrote about the loneliness that comes with being a freshman. Yet, these feelings aren’t just specific to underclassmen; whether or not we are vocal about it, many of

us are lonely at times. But it’s not just being alone that’s made me unhappy, it’s feeling hopeless in the face of Penn’s issues. I’ve seen and read and written about them: sexual assault, binge drinking, hypercompetition — the list is extensive. I can’t emphasize enough the importance of tackling these problems. Still, I’ve hidden behind and used them as excuses to isolate myself. Throughout my life, I’ve struggled with anxiety, and in college, I’ve dealt with depression too. While some of these hardships are personal, some are a result of stress and melancholy brought on by the problems that scourge Penn’s campus. Perhaps these sentiments are more intense than what others might experience; maybe they’re less. Regardless of their magnitude, feeling discouraged in light of Penn’s issues is normal. Recently, I convinced myself that coming here was a huge mistake and gave serious thought to transferring. But I’ve started to find space to be happy here, to love the good parts of Penn in spite of the negative ones, and prioritize self-care.

Although Penn’s issues make positivity a challenge, we should try to remember why we are students here so that we can truly value all that the University has to offer. What is more, we shouldn’t let ourselves be dispirited by its flaws. For me, that’s taken the form of registering for classes I enjoy, joining organizations not to build my resume, but to learn, and making time to exercise and get dinner with friends, even when it feels like

on Penn’s shortcomings. There are plenty of reasons to celebrate this school: Two undergraduates were recently awarded the Rhodes Scholarship just last week, Chelsea Manning visited Penn to speak about her experience in the United States government, and a Penn professor just became the first woman to translate “The Odyssey.” We aren’t all going to find reassurance in those particular things, but they are encouraging and demonstrate that this is a place rich with intellectual discourse. We all get overwhelmed when forced to encounter Penn’s issues, and often, right when we’ve reached our tipping points, something else happens — a classmate won’t share their notes in fear of compromising the curve, or we get rejected from a club with an acceptance rate lower than the University’s. These are all problems that demand attention from both students and the administration. But it’s important that we find our niche within Penn. Our objective should be to reach a space where we can acknowledge the pertinent issues

Our objective should be to reach a space where we can acknowledge the pertinent issues on campus while also leading healthy, full lives.” there is none. We forget how lucky we are to go to school here. There are friendly, compassionate people at Penn, as well as a variety of incredible opportunities. We should all make sure to carve out a place for ourselves to enjoy those people and resources and take a break from dwelling

ISABELLA SIMONETTI on campus while also leading healthy, full lives. Staying positive is easier for some than others. We all have our own personal obstacles to overcome — I’m sharing mine in hopes that they provide comfort to others. Unfortunately, I can’t concretely state how to make this school work for all its students. However, I can say that we should be willing to give Penn more than one chance, because, sometimes, it will fail us. But it will also make us proud. This school can feel like an unkind, lonely place. A lot of the time, it is. Still, that doesn’t mean that we can’t make ways to be happy here. We can and we should. ISABELLA SIMONETTI is a College freshman from New York. Her email address is “Simonetti Says So” usually appears every Tuesday.



TOMMY ROTHMAN Sports Editor AMANDA GEISER Copy Editor HARRY TRUSTMAN Copy Editor ANDREW FISCHER Director of Web Development DYLAN REIM Social Media Editor ANANYA CHANDRA Photo Manager JOY LEE News Photo Editor ZACH SHELDON Sports Photo Editor LUCAS WEINER Video Producer JOYCE VARMA Podcast Editor BRANDON JOHNSON Business Manager MADDY OVERMOYER Advertising Manager SONIA KUMAR Analytics Manager SAMARA WYANT Circulation Manager HANNAH SHAKNOVICH Marketing Manager MEGHA AGARWAL Development Project Lead


SIYIN HAN is a College senior from Birmingham, Ala. Her email address is

KELLY HEINZERLING Deputy News Editor TOM NOWLAN Sports Associate MARC MARGOLIS Sports Associate

Penn graduate students are missing out in Trump’s tax cuts

ANDREW ZHENG Sports Associate SAM HOLLAND Photo Associate AVALON MORELL Photo Associate ED ZHAO Design Associate GILLIAN DIEBOLD Design Associate GEORGIA RAY Design Associate ALANA SHUKOVSKY Design Associate ALEX RABIN Copy Associate RENATA HOLMANN Copy Associate WILL MURRAY Copy Associate ZOE BRACCIA Copy Associate SAM MITCHELL Copy Associate

LETTERS Have your own opinion? Send your letter to the editor or guest column to Unsigned editorials appearing on this page represent the opinion of The Daily Pennsylvanian as determined by the majority of the Editorial Board. All other columns, letters and artwork represent the opinion of their authors and are not necessarily representative of the DP’s position.

SPENCER’S SPACE | While the rich gain, university students lose Although most of us here in West Philadelphia are laser-focused on finals prep and holiday travel plans, it’s hard to ignore that early Saturday morning, Republicans in the Senate passed “a sweeping overhaul of the [United States] tax code, the largest change since Ronald Reagan’s presidency.” With this, most Americans will face monumental changes to their finances. It seems that there will clearly be winners and losers, but exactly who will pay more or less in taxes is still murky. Few actually have a handle on the full details of the bill, which is a complicated result of months, if not years, of horse-trading among legislators and lobbyists. If you’re interested and have time you can read the entire 479-page document online. But one thing is clear: Parts of the bill could harshly impact university students and graduates with student loans. Unlike the Senate bill, the House bill passed a few weeks ago would shockingly eliminate many important financial support mechanisms that make higher education affordable to many American students. Not only is the ability to write off student loans threatened, but also the tax-exemption of graduate student tuition waivers. Taxing graduate tuition waivers seems especially egregious. The House bill would force graduate students

to count their tuition waivers as taxable income, which at Penn can total up to $30,000 per year, despite the fact that the graduate students don’t actually ever receive a cash payment. Obviously, this would dissuade many Americans from seeking graduate degrees — a patently illogical step for any nation that wishes to stay competitive in the global economy. It’s a bit irrelevant whether this attack on higher education is politically motivated (many Republicans are quite critical of universities, which they view as hotbeds of dangerous liberal thinking) or simply a shortsighted Washingtonian scramble for sources of cash to balance against the huge proposed tax cuts to corporations and the wealthy. It is also not fruitful to wring our hands at many lawmakers’ naivety and anti-intellectualism. What matters is that, if passed, these changes would undermine higher education and would have a negative multigenerational impact on the United States. It’s important to recognize that American higher education is already financially inaccessible to

many. As pointed out by CNBC: “America might be known as the ‘land of the free,’ but attending college in the [United States] is anything but.” We all know that Penn’s tuition is prohibitively expensive and fortunately, Penn’s endowment provides support to 47 percent of students with an average of a nearly $49,000 grant per incoming freshman who applies for financial aid. But not all private universities have the resources to be as generous. Moreover, across the United States,

already precarious situation will inevitably become worse with the passing of the GOP tax plan, because graduate students will have less income to pay for their tuition, leading to even higher student debt. Just consider the United States’ global peers — which also represent our competition. In most European countries including Austria, France, Italy, Germany, and Sweden, students can attend university tuition-free. Intriguingly, Denmark manages to offer even more affordability. Danish students receive about $900 per month via a state program to cover living expenses while they pursue their university degrees. While not free, at under $5,000, Japanese university tuition is far more affordable than ours and the Japanese government spends nearly $9,000 per student across schools and universities per year. Japan’s investment has resulted in a highly educated population: The OECD reports that the country has the second-highest level of adult education in the world, with nearly 50 percent of citizens completing a tertiary level education. Instead of making tuition more expensive, the United States should strive to

If passed, these changes would undermine higher education and would have a negative multi-generational impact on the United States.” the average cost of one year at a public university for an in-state student is $20,090, which increases to $34,220 if you’re out-of-state. So in order to afford a college diploma, many American students rely on loans. Significantly, this means that today, more than 44 million Americans hold a total of $1.4 trillion in student debt. This

SPENCER SWANSON further subsidize higher education. The United States has managed, via a complicated system of government student loans, university financial aid and a population that works hard to save money to pay for their children’s college education. And as a result, about 40 percent of Americans do have some sort of higher education. However, if one is even vaguely interested in the United States’ long-term viability, one would think that Congress should reconsider undermining the affordability of an already monumentally costly system. While higher education is expensive, it should be considered a worthwhile investment in our nation’s future. SPENCER SWANSON is a College freshman from London, studying philosophy, politics, and economics. His email address is sswanson@ “Spencer’s Space” usually appears every other Tuesday.


It‘s unconstitutional to prefer white over Asian students FRESH TAKE | Ivy League admissions are too obsessed with white majorities For a group of institutions that espouse egalitarianism, the Ivy League certainly does not hesitate in skirting the law to perpetuate white domination. The Asian American Coalition for Education has recently garnered media attention for its views on college admissions. While some of its efforts are misguided and out of touch, there is a serious issue with elite universities’ admissions systems that flies under the radar. Universities hold admissions standards higher for certain Asian-American students than for white students, which defies the United States Constitution. However, the lack of a formal mechanism of quotas protects

universities from facing legal ramifications. It is perfectly justifiable that these Asian-American students

and leveling the playing field for disadvantaged minorities. However, what is not justifiable — and in fact unconstitutional —

There is no dearth of evidence that an ‘Asian quota’ exists inside the admissions chambers of schools like Penn.” are discriminated against in order to promote the ideals of affirmative action, such as for diversity

is that they are held to a higher standard than white students, which achieves none of the goals

of affirmative action. Racial quotas were ruled unconstitutional in 1978 by the Supreme Court of the United States. However, schools can avoid legal prosecution by not implementing formal, hard and fast quotas. This does not stop Ivy League, elite, and selective institutions from carefully curating their incoming classes with a target racial distribution in mind. When it comes to the AsianAmerican issue, Ivy League institutions actively work to keep Asians as a minority out of fear of losing a white majority. There is no dearth of evidence that an “Asian quota” exists inside the admissions chambers of schools like Penn.


Firstly, while America’s college-age Asian population doubled between 1992 and 2011, Harvard University’s AsianAmerican enrollment actually halved. Asian Americans made up over 27 percent of applicants at the three most selective Ivy League colleges from 2008 to 2012, but only consist of 17 to 20 percent of admits. California’s admissions statistics show that the sizable white majority is unnatural, and almost definitely a result of quotas. Proposition 209 banned the consideration of race as a factor in college admissions in California in 1996. Comparing the Ivy League to California’s selective institutions, we see a shocking disparity. Not only has the California Institute of Technology’s Asian-American enrollment mirrored the growth of the nation’s Asian population, but schools under the University of California system, such as Berkeley and Los Angeles, show roughly equal enrollment of white and Asian students. However, class profiles of the Ivy League show that racial groups gravitate around the same percentage points among these schools. White students always make up the majority, with around 20 percent Asian students, and 10 percent Black and Latino each. The case of California shows that we should expect Asian students to be admitted at the same rate as their population growth. Yet this clearly is not the case in the Ivy League as the percentage of Asians per class has mysteriously stagnated in spite of Asian-American population growth. In these elite East Coast schools’ efforts to maintain a white-student majority and keep Asians as a minority, AsianAmerican students are held to a higher standard than white students, a 2015 Princeton University study found. Penn must not be afraid of — God forbid — white students no longer being the dominating population. Not only is this practice ironically antithetical to values of multiculturalism and diversity, it violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. Any law that separates people by race, a “suspect class,” must pass strict scrutiny, the most rigorous form of judicial review, in order to be deemed constitutional. In order to pass strict scrutiny,

LUCY HU a law must be “narrowly tailored to advance a compelling government interest.” Supreme Court precedents prove that affirmative action passes because of the compelling interest of diversity and the lack of other alternatives to achieve diversity targets on campuses. However, preferring white over Asian students comes nowhere near to satisfying strict scrutiny. The compelling interest of diversity does not stand. Replacing Asian students with white does not increase diversity — 50 percent white plus 20 percent Asian is not in fact more diverse than 35 percent each. The best alternative method to increase diversity is what is currently implemented — affirmative action favoring other minority groups. Therefore, discriminating against Asian students more than white students, with no compelling interest, only serves to perpetuate white domination in the United States. Simply put, admissions offices must cease favoring white students over Asian. However, California’s race-neutral system is not the right way to go. Affirmative action stands because of its compelling interest to increase diversity and level the playing field based on socioeconomic resources and a history of discrimination. It’s perfectly admirable to have mechanisms that improve diversity and counteract disadvantage, like holding back, white, and Asian students (equally), but it’s completely unjust to hold back Asian students to allow for the perpetuation of a white majority. Penn, it might be time to stop saying you love helping minorities, when you actually subdue them once they start to threaten your white domination. LUCY HU is a College sophomore from Auckland, New Zealand, studying political science. Her email address is “Fresh Take” usually appears every other Wednesday.

You can’t ghost everyone CHANCES ARE | Why confrontation is best for ending close friendships Isabel Kim, a former fellow opinion columnist, once wrote that, “ghosting is maybe the kindest way to end any relationship in the digital era.” It’s a sentiment that many in our generation have and one that, up until last week, I too agreed with. For those who aren’t hip to the lingo, ghosting is the practice of ending a relationship by sheer avoidance. You don’t want to talk to someone anymore, but you don’t want to hurt their feelings, so you either act like you’re too busy for them or you never contact them again until — bam, desired result occurs. The friendship dissolves. We justify ghosting by stating it’s the nicest way to end relationships. But really, what we mean is that we are too afraid to handle the drama that our roiling, unspoken negativities might stir up. You cannot always repress and ignore grievances you have with certain people. Nor could you avoid becoming close to those same people in the first place. I decided a while ago, when

I was abroad, that a certain friend and I weren’t compatible anymore, and that I needed to ghost the association into nonexistence. At the time, I, like Isabel, believed ghosting was perhaps the gentlest method of ending relationships, with the least repercussions. My friend and I lead very separate lives, so I thought I could avoid her. She was always reticent too, so she most likely wouldn’t reach out to me. And if she did, I could make excuses, tell her I was busy, tell her I had papers! Exams! Internships! Oh, my! She would never have known the difference. But the problem with ghosting is that it primarily works with people you weren’t initially close to. It’s easy to drift apart when you haven’t spent that much time together. There is no built-up trust or mutual indebtedness driving both of you to meet. But this friend and I had been tight. And when, one day, my name dropped out of the top messages in her iPhone, she knew something was up.

She started texting me practically every week asking to do something with me. I would politely swerve her each time with aforementioned excuses and revel silently to myself when I succeeded. Coming close to the end of the semester, I had avoided my friend for what I thought

minutes, I reluctantly responded, “Yes,” fearful of the fallout if we both showed up and she uncovered any deceit. “Cool, I’m going with you then!” she replied. In six words, she had destroyed all my carefully laid plans to dispatch a toxic relationship. And I, distraught,

You cannot always repress and ignore grievances you have with certain people. Nor can you avoid becoming close to those same people in the first place.” would be the last time. But one night, as I exited the shower, the dreaded name popped up on my screen accompanied by a “Going to that group dinner tomorrow?” After deliberating for 20

took about the most millennial offensive one can take; I exploded into a rage across my social media platforms. I posted a picture of a guy flipping the bird on Instagram captioned “for fake friends.” I

took it down after 10 minutes. I wrote numerous blog posts berating my friend by name. She somehow saw them and asked me to remove her name. By the time I apologized, the damage was irreparable. Ironically, she began to ghost me, and I never got to say the things I wanted to say. At some point, you will have to end a close relationship because that is the consequence of growing up. People change; they drift apart; they realize that someone they originally liked is not who they thought they were. And in those moments, a significant relationship won’t disappear if you shut your eyes tight enough. You have to chip away at it, break it apart, sweep the debris off the floor so you can roam barefoot again. When you end a relationship face-to-face, you more cleanly resolve all the annoyances between you and the other person. And frustration won’t aggregate inside you due to the inability to express what you feel. You’ll never have to wonder “what if.” When all has been

AMY CHAN said and done, you will know the other person’s perspective, and they will know yours. Confrontation expands our emotional maturity. We learn that, in most relationships, there is no right and wrong; there are only certain traits that people have that don’t appeal to us. So maybe, I’ll concede that ghosting can be the nicest way of ending distant acquaintances. But confrontation is the most gratifying way to part with close friends. AMY CHAN is a College senior from Augusta, Ga., studying classics. Her email address is chanamy@sas. “Chances Are” usually appears every other Thursday.



The latest speaker to visit Penn: a former neo-Nazi Penn’s chapter of Common Party organized the event NADIA GOLDMAN Contributing Reporter

Amid a nationwide rise in hate crimes, a former neo-Nazi came to Penn on Dec. 4 to speak about kindness. Author and activist Arno Michaelis spent his younger years in Milwaukee participating in various hate groups and calling for his peers and co-workers to join the “white power” movement. He eventually became a founding member of the Northern Hammerskins, which later joined with Hammerskin Nation — one of the largest white supremacist groups in the country. On Monday, Michaelis spoke about that experience to a packed room of Penn students in Claudia Cohen Hall’s lecture hall, expressing his regret about that period in his life and emphasizing that now more than ever, people in the United States need to show love toward those different from themselves. While some students said the speaker’s message of “unconditional love” was inspirational, others said they did not agree entirely with the idea. The speaker event is the second one this year organized by Penn’s recently established Common Party chapter, a national organization created by Marc Erlbaum after the 2016 presidential election. Erlbaum explained on Monday that the group’s goal is to emulate the checks and balances of a democratic society by “collaborating with people who are seeing things differently.” Introducing the main speaker, he joked that it would be hard to find a former neo-Nazi and a Hasidic Jew as close as Michaelis and himself. Michaelis began his presenta-

tion with a video of his younger self singing a song peppered with racial slurs. As the child of an alcoholic father and overworked mother, he said he had found solace in the “white power skinhead” subset of punk music. “The lyrics were about race, and nation, and blood, and soil, and it was telling me that I was a warrior for my people — white people,” Michaelis said. “And we were under assault from everyone else because of the evil Jews.” But after forming his own “white power skinhead” band and encouraging friends to join the “white power” movement, Michaelis said he began to see the contradictions in his actions. “It was exhausting for me to know what I was doing was wrong, but to not have the courage to call myself out; to not answer that inner voice saying, ‘What the hell are you doing?’” he said. “I had to keep repressing that knowledge and that feeling actively, it took effort.” Michaelis’ feelings of guilt intensified when the sitcom “Seinfeld” came on in the early 1990s. Michaelis said he enjoyed the show but was afraid to vocalize that in fear of being labeled a “race traitor” by his friends. “It was a constant exercise in rationalizing things,” Michaelis said. “I’m rationalizing why I watch ‘Seinfeld.’ I’m rationalizing how I can watch a Green Bay Packers game even though I’m cheering for a bunch of white guys and black guys on the same team. I was always rationalizing how I could do things that were contradictory to this ideology I was trying to believe in.” One night, after a friend was shot and killed in a street fight, Michaelis realized that he had to make a change. He gradually broke away from the group and

turned toward activism against the “white power” movement. In 2010, he wrote a memoir titled “My Life After Hate.” College junior Nicole Rubin, a Common Party leader and a former DP reporter, said that, for her, the event reinforced the importance of listening and talking to others. “You do have to listen to people, as frustrating as it is, and I can’t say that will be easy for me,” she said. College freshman Whitney Elmlinger said she valued hearing about the perspective of a neo-Nazi and white supremacist, but added that she had heard other attendees question how someone could be unconditionally kind to people with hateful views. “He preached a lot about the idea of unconditional love and unconditional kindness to people, and his mentality now is kindness to all, no matter what their ideology is,” she said. “I think a lot of people disagreed with that.” In a column written for the Washington Post in 2015, Michaelis discouraged people from exercising hate against Dylann Roof, a white supremacist who killed nine black parishioners in 2014 when he opened fire at a church in Charleston, N.C. “If we seek to see him suffer, we are perpetuating the harm he has done and diminishing our own ability to bring love to the world,” Michaelis wrote. At the talk, Michaelis underscored this message. He said he believes the violence coming out of neo-Nazi movements originates in deep-seated trauma, and added that he was only able to snap out of that mindset because of the kindness that he saw from people of minority groups. “The people who need kindness most are often the ones who least deserve it,” he said.




administrators or other members of the council. “I don’t think there is any way … I don’t know any specific mechanism,” she said. While there was little engagement between council members and speakers during the open forum, a debate around Penn’s continued investment in fossil fuels erupted during a later part of the meeting, which was reserved for council members to speak. During the open forum, College sophomore Claudia Silver, a representative of Fossil Free Penn, condemned the University’s continued investment in fossil fuels and the administration’s lack of engagement with the wider student body. As she spoke, other members of FFP lined Bodek Lounge holding


cartoonist. Jobman, who is a member of PennCAP, Penn First, and the QuestBridge program, said she did not receive SRFS’ initial email but instead heard about it from other low-income students in PennCAP. She then reached out to Penn First Secretary and College junior Lyndsi Burcham about why she was not included. Burcham told her she learned at a SFS Advisory Board meeting in March this year that the University identifies high-need students as students whose family contribution is below $4,500. According to the FAFSA website, “family contribution” is a “measure of a family’s financial strength.” Taken into account in this calculation is the family’s income and assets as well as the family size and education level.

flyers calling upon the administration to make a change. Members of the group also attended the last open forum meeting in February donning surgical masks in protest of Penn’s continued investment in fossil fuels. Later, the council representative of the College Republicans and Wharton junior Nile Nwogu criticized the FFP divestment platform, arguing that the Trustees’ job is to secure Penn’s “fiscal future” and that divestment would ultimately raise student tuition. College senior Bevan Pearson, co-chair of the Student Sustainability Association at Penn, responded by affirming the group’s support for FFP’s platform, adding that divestment is financially feasible. Since the beginning of the semester, the UC meetings have suffered from low attendance among

the faculty and graduate student bodies. This has prevented the council from voting on any policy resolutions since in order to do so, at least 40 percent of the general body is required to be in attendance. Owen said only seven graduate representatives attended this meeting, which was an increase from the last meeting, but still less than half their allotted representatives. Shah added that he and other undergraduate members of the UC are still working to increase attendance. “What we are really trying to do is ask ‘How can we make this a more effective forum?’,” Shah said. “Historically the council has served as a forum where a lot of policies were discussed. For the recent past, the council has served as an advisory board for the senior administration.”

Jobman said she was surprised to learn about Penn’s criteria for high-need students, because her family contribution is lower than $4,500 “I appreciate the moves their making towards better accommodating for low-income students that aren’t going home. But I’m still really confused on where they decide who gets to take a part in that,” she said. Varas said a high-need student is identified by more than their family contribution alone. She said SRFS uses a student’s FAFSA and College Board student profile to analyze their expected family contribution and assess their assets and investments. “The long answer is there’s a lot of calculations that go into the determination, which really eliminates us being able to have a specific threshold,” said Varas. “I would never want to say to a family ‘if you fall within this cat-

egory of an income, that you are now going to be eligible for this amount of a loan.’” said Varas. “Because there may be a whole lot of other characteristics that are involved.” She added that assessing these characteristics is necessary because a family with a low income could have assets such as a business or multiple properties. “That family could potentially be in the millionaire category,” said Varas. But for students who do not fall under this exception, the definition of a high-need student remains confusing. “It’s not like I have a secret pocket of cash that I’m just like being stingy about that’s like ‘oh I have money from my parents I just don’t want to spend it over break,’” Jobman said. “I wish I could genuinely say that I could eat over break [even] if I didn’t have these benefits.”



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attendance for students commuting to classes, living on campus, and living off campus, SFS conducted a study on off-campus cost of attendance that would lead to this policy change. Approximately 42 percent of Penn’s student population lives off campus. Varas said this study collected the data of the costs of one student for rent, food, and other monthly expenses such as utilities and water in 114 off-campus, two-bedroom apartments. The study assumed usage of the more expensive dining plan and grocery cost statistics for single individuals living in the Philadelphia area from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. “We implemented this new policy last year,” Varas said. “And, when we did so, we did it with the thought process of impacting our incoming students first. So, the standard for them was ... [that] they would get the off-campus cost of attendance.” This differed from SFS’ position

toward students already at Penn who received financial aid and planned to live off campus this year. “We assessed internally students who may, in fact, be impacted negatively by the fact that they never had been assessed in the past with an off-campus [rate]. And, if we determined they were negatively impacted, we did some outreach to students.” However, these efforts to communicate did not reach all affected students. “When you want to move off campus, you need to sign a lease,” Oulabi said. “I always sign the lease in October. If you’re late, November or December. After that, you pretty much won’t find a place to live.” Oulabi said after he signed his lease in October, he did not receive any notification from SFS that his off-campus assumed cost of attendance had changed; additionally, he said, his listed expected family contribution did not change in his financial aid plan. Varas said SFS later became aware that it had not contacted all

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THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 2017 affected students. “We also did some assessments,” Varas said. “We then learned there were some students who actually were not aware of this, and we did not do outreach to them, and they’ve come into our office.” Oulabi said that he inquired about his change in aid with SFS multiple times between August and November. A staff member then responded to his emails, saying, ”[We] have been allowed to partially return to our previous practice, in that we can increase your housing budget to match an on-campus allotment. Your board and transportation remain at the off-campus amounts.” “There should have been an email sent to all students informing them of the policy change,” College sophomore and Secretary of Penn First, which describes itself on its website as “a student organization at the University of Pennsylvania for first-generation college students and students from a low-income background,” said. “A lot of people sign leases in the fall for the following year, and base

how much they can pay off of the budget on the SFS website. So if that changes without them notifying students, they will have budgeted for more than they can actually afford to spend without ever knowing that.” “If you want to change a policy in April or May, you know people have already taken the decision based on the old data and information and the things they received from you, and they made their choices based on that,” Oulabi said. “So, you can’t go and change a policy after everyone has already made a decision.” Varas explained that after it received information that many affected students were unaware of the change in aid for students living off campus, it then conducted additional outreach. “When they came into our office, our policy was that if they were negatively impacted and for the last three years had been treated a certain way, we were able to grandfather how they had been treated in the past,” she said. She explained that this policy will continue for the next several years. “We’ve continued to notify stu-

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dents that they should come into our office if they are negatively impacted by this,” she said. “We have gone forward with this year, again, carrying into the second year, so our incoming sophomores this year will be treated with this policy, and again with the intention, with our juniors and seniors, of treating them as we have treated them in the past.” Varas emphasized that students living off campus should remain aware that SFS can only provide aid for the period of time that students

are enrolled. For students living off campus, who often sign 12-month leases, this implies that SFS only covers nine months’ expenses. “We’re not able to disperse any money until the student has actually started classes,” Varas said. “It’s important to note that there are students that are falling into this that we have not connected with, but we need to hear from them,” Varas said. “The more that students can see this and become familiar with this, the better for everybody.”

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University Realty delays move-in date — again

Students have expected to move in since mid-August MADELEINE NGO Contributing Reporter

The leasing company, University Realty, pushed its move-in date for the sixth time, after telling tenants they would move in by Dec. 1 “at the latest.” Since mid-August, more than 70 students have been displaced because of construction delays and electricity issues with powering their apartment building located at 4046 Chestnut Street. The majority of students have been living in Vue32, an apartment near Drexel University’s campus, since Oct. 21, when most had to move out of the Homewood Suites hotel, located at 4109 Walnut Street, because it reached capacity. Roughly a quarter of the tenants, however, have been able to stay at the hotel. Since Nov. 20, six tenants have canceled their leases, leaving at

least 64 students displaced. University Realty Leasing Manager Brian Feller said the company will stop giving tenants an exact move-in date. “That obviously hasn’t worked,” he said. University Realty works primarily with two other companies on this project: PECO Energy Company, which takes charge of providing electricity to the building, and Turnkey, which is in charge of the physical construction of the apartment blocks. In emails to tenants, the real estate company said it was waiting for PECO to finish powering the building, which would be the last step before city inspectors could issue a certificate of occupancy. “The minute we have a certificate of occupancy in hand, we will give tenants access to their units immediately,” Feller said. In a message to tenants dated Nov. 22, University Realty attached a letter from a PECO engineer who said it received the “final approval”

to provide electricity to the building, but added that they did not have an approximate move-in date. Following complaints from tenants that the management had not been transparent with communicating updates on the construction delays, University Realty leaders started attaching letters from PECO and Turnkey in the emails it sends to tenants. On Dec. 1, the date that all tenants thought they would be able to move in, the leasing company sent a email informing tenants that it had requested an update from PECO, but had not heard back yet. Three days later, residents received another email from University Realty explaining that it was still waiting for clearance from PECO, “which should come any day now.” Management said they would be providing tenants the option to help move their belongings if they were not on campus over winter break, as long as it was “packed and ready.” Steven Ryoo, a second-year Penn

Dental student currently living at Vue32, said he was not surprised by the sixth pushback of the movein date. A Wharton sophomore who wanted to remain anonymous, out of fear of retaliation from the leasing company, agreed. “Honestly, I wasn’t surprised. They haven’t been very frequent with communication.” The sophomore added that he has sent multiple emails in the past few months to University Realty management, few of which had received replies. “They’re good at selectively replying and ignoring the questions they don’t want to answer,” he said. “When I ask about compensation, they don’t respond.” And students say the move-in date is not the only promise that the leasing company has faltered on. In an email on Nov. 14, University Realty management said it would shut down the shuttle service it originally provided for residents living at Vue32 and instead give

every tenant $100 in Uber credit. They have yet to issue the credit or give residents a date they will receive the credit. While tenants have been paying a reduced rent rate of $650 throughout this semester, Feller said the company plans to charge tenants the original $850 to $1,000 rate on their leases starting in January. He added that students who signed later in the year for a higher rate of $950 to $1,000 would have their rent reduced by $50, though there has been no standardized email sent to all tenants informing them of this change. Ryoo said he did not agree with this policy, because it unfairly disadvantages tenants who signed leases for smaller apartments. “It doesn’t make sense to me because we’re all going through the same thing,” he said. Wharton senior Hewan Tilahun canceled her lease with the company and moved out of the Homewood Suites on Oct. 19. Since then, she has been living at her parents’

house in Philadelphia, which is about 30 minutes away from campus by bus. “It was pretty stressful for me to live in the hotel during midterms,” Tilahun said. “But I made sure to cancel my lease because I didn’t want to move out during finals week.” It remains to be seen whether the dozens of students apart from Tilahun will get to move in before the semester ends or whether they will have to continue staying at their temporary locations through finals period, and into winter break. Ryoo said he considered cancelling his lease but did not think it was worth it after having waited over 100 days to move in. The aforementioned unnamed Wharton sophomore said he is looking for other places to move into but added that his decision hinges on when tenants would actually be allowed to move in. By Feller’s account, the move-in date would “hopefully” be any day this week.

Meet the group behind this semester’s conservative speaker events Penn’s Federalist Society chapter was formed in 1984 JAMES MEADOWS Staff Reporter

Free speech has been a hot topic for discussion at universities across the nation this year, and Penn is no exception. At the center of that conversation on campus is perhaps none other than Penn’s chapter of the Federalist Society. This semester alone, the group has raised eyebrows by organizing speaker events for several controversial figures including Heather Mac Donald, an outspoken critic of the Black Lives Matter movement, and professor Amy Wax, whose controversial op-ed argued that Anglo-Protestant cultural norms are superior to others. Large groups of students criti-

cized both events. But despite the attention that its events have drawn, little is known about the Federalist Society itself. In 1982, law students at Yale University founded the group to promote conservative legal ideas on campus. As students set up chapters at various universities across the nation, the group created its headquarters in Washington, D.C., where it’s stayed ever since. Roughly 25 years after its inception, the Federalist Society is now a national organization that holds a large amount of sway in the process of appointing conservative lawyers to high-profile political positions. The Federalist Society advocates for individual freedoms and traditional values in all dimensions of the legal arena. 1987 Penn Law graduate Kim-

berly Crockett co-founded the society’s chapter at Penn in 1984. Crockett said she established the group the summer before her first year at Penn Law after noticing an absence of conservative legal groups on campus. Third-year Penn Law student Paul Cozzi, the current president of the Penn Federalist Society, declined to comment. “I would say that most law schools exist in a kind of doctrinaire leftist bubble,” said Lee Whitesell, a 2014 Penn Law graduate, who served as the president of the Penn Federalist Society from 2013 to 2014. “It’s not like law students come to these events and change their minds and aren’t leftists anymore, but the Federalist Society presents these arguments and debates.” Penn’s chapter has hosted nu-

merous speakers in open events to debate conservative and libertarian interpretations of the law. In the 1990s, Penn Federalist Society hosted Thomas Fleming, a conservative writer who compared previous U.S. presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson to Adolf Hitler. The group also hosted figures such as former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton and Karl Rove, who was George W. Bush’s former deputy chief of staff. “I think that [College Republicans members] are the more probusiness conservatives, and they are on the constitutional conservatism side,” College Republicans Political Director and Wharton junior Owen O’Hare said of Penn Federalist Society. “Ted Cruz and that side,” he said.

The Federalist Society garnered national mainstream media attention in 2007, when officials in the U.S. Department of Justice were criticized for giving special consideration to conservative applicants associated with the group. The group’s national Executive Vice President, Leonard Leo, has played a significant role in forming the short list of those to be considered for appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court – Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch being the most recent. In a June 2016 interview with Breitbart News radio, President Trump said, “We’re going to have great judges, conservative, all picked by the Federalist Society.” “I think the media tend to think of The Federalist Society as an ordinary interest group.They see it in terms of its engagement on

the very highest profile political battles, like the choice of federal judges,” said Steven Teles, a professor of political science at Johns Hopkins University and the author of “The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement.” “But that this is a very, very small part of what the organization actually does, what people there spend their time on, what the organization’s funding goes into,” he said. The group also recruits law students and practicing attorneys who can participate in the movement. “I think [the society] changed Penn,” Crockett said. “I think you will find real evidence that people will be having a much more robust conversation than they would have if we had not come into being.”







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Women’s basketball set to host national powerhouse

No. 3 Notre Dame is likely to be Penn’s toughest opponent LUCY POPKO Sports Reporter


Notre Dame

(7-1, 0-0 ACC) 1 p.m. The Palestra

Coming to a Palestra near you... an upset opportunity for the ages. On December 9, Penn women’s basketball is set to take on No. 3 Notre Dame, which may prove to be a difficult matchup for the Quakers. Coming off of a tough Big 5 loss against La Salle (4-3) on November 29, the Quakers (23) are looking to rebound after a shaky start to the season. The Red and Blue gave the Explor-

ers a hard-fought game, leading by double-digits early but ultimately falling short 66-59 in the final quarter. After almost defeating No. 1 UConn on December 3, the Fighting Irish (7-1) will be hungry for a win against the Quakers. Notre Dame was points away from upsetting the Huskies (7-0), a feat that has happened once in the three calendar years. With a score of 80-71, the game proved Notre Dame’s efficiency on court, despite the loss. Senior forward Michelle Nwokedi and the rest of the Quakers are not intimidated, however. “We know that they’re number three in the country right now. We just need to focus on ourselves and not the Notre Dame jersey,” she conceded. “We just need to play the ‘Penn Way.’” Leading the team in overall points, Nwokedi, also one of the team’s captains, noted how the


Senior forward Michelle Nwokedi will need to provide dominance in the paint if Penn is to execute a major upset.

team is looking to regain some of its confidence over the course of the next few days. Against La Salle, Penn forced 24 turnovers, a season high for the Quakers. The Red and Blue have placed a heavy emphasis

on defense in practice in order to play strongly against a hungry Notre Dame team. “We’re just trying to tweak the little things, different things just to press offense and press defense, especially our zone,”

coach Mike McLaughlin said. “Really just defense, because back to previous championships that we have won, defense has really been the key to our Penn identity.” After an impressive season last year culminating in a 13-1 Ivy League record, the Quakers hope to return to conference play with that defensive prowess they exhibited on the court in years past, but they recognize that a new Penn identity is ready to be forged. “What’s last year, is all last year. And it’s great to celebrate it and great to remember it so we can get back to that point,” Nwokedi said. “But it’s a new team and we have a new identity. We want to have a good start before we head into Ivies.” However, it may prove difficult for the Quakers to gain confidence against the Fighting Irish. The defending ACC champi-

ons, Notre Dame has shown its consistency on court over their first games of the season. Penn will need to be on the lookout for Arike Ogunbowale of the Fighting Irish, as she has led the team in points in four of the last eight games. McLaughlin is confident that the Quakers can translate the changes they have made in practice into a win against Notre Dame, especially since the team will be playing on its home court. “With Notre Dame you are going to be getting a top-three team in the country, who came a play or two from beating the No. 1 team in the country. I think we all understand that and recognize it,” he said. “They’re coming into our facility, the Palestra. I’m going to embrace it. We’re going to have a battle.” Let’s hope the Fighting Irish are ready for a battle. The Quakers sure are.

Red and Blue reflect on busy, overtime-filled November schedule M. HOOPS | Team played nine games in just 19 days THEODOROS PAPAZEKOS Associate Sports Editor

Every Penn student loves to think they have the busiest schedule, but the players on the men’s basketball team certainly have a good claim to that title. Since the season opener at Fairfield on Nov. 11, Penn men’s basketball has played nine games in only 19 days. Factor in the combined six overtime periods, and the Quakers have played the equivalent of a game every other day across that stretch. Coach Steve Donahue suggested that the busy schedule has been a function of the unique circumstances of playing Division I basketball at an Ivy League school. “Scheduling is so crazy, especially in our league,” Donahue said. “One, we play the most non-league games. We only play 14 league games. Everyone else is playing 16, 18, 20. So there

are a lot of games to schedule if you want to play 30 like we do.” Most major basketball programs play somewhere between 28 and 31 games. Historically, Penn and the rest of the Ivy League play fewer to allow the players time off for winter break and finals. This year, Penn will play 30 games, which means they have to fit the same amount of games as major programs in a smaller amount of time. The result: a packed first month before the break. One problem associated with playing such a packed schedule is the tradeoff between games and practice. When playing almost every other day as they have been for the last few weeks, Donahue and his coaching staff lose chances for on-court instruction. “There are things that you’d love to go over after each game, and practice for a few days to prepare for someone else,” Donahue said. “That’s been out the window a little bit, but you learn a lot in games.” Donahue suggested that

what made this season’s packed schedule possible was the abundance of games close to home. With the obvious exception of the trip to Florida, the Quakers have largely avoided scheduling overnight trips. Instead, away games are simple bus rides to schools like Monmouth, Villanova, and Lafayette. As close as they are to University City, those games are all still outside of the Palestra. The Quakers haven’t played on their home court since blowing out Penn State Brandywine over two weeks ago. By the time the Quakers finally return to the Palestra after break, it will have been more than a month between home games. In the meantime, the Red and Blue will play eight straight away or neutral site games. Once they do return, the script will be flipped. Penn will play nine straight home games, including five conference games at home to kick off the Ivy League slate. Scheduling quirks aside, the Quakers are well equipped to


Due to unique scheduling constraints due to upcoming finals, Penn men’s basketball has been forced to play a jam-packed slate of games in the early season. The squad will play an ambitious 30 games this year.

handle the heavy workload this season. This is perhaps the deepest Penn basketball team in recent memory. While some mainstays such as sophomore Ryan

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Betley have played all but five minutes or so in every game, the bench has played a fair amount so far – sometimes by necessity. “It’s a strength of ours that we have a lot of guys who’ve played a lot of Ivy League games, who’ve even started games. I don’t want it to be a strength because we’re fouling,” Donahue said. “We can’t foul and that’s

something that we have to get better at.” With three games in five days next week, the schedule doesn’t get any easier before finals. After that, players can enjoy a merciful two-week break until after the holidays before the start of league play. Just don’t expect the grueling Ivy League season to be any easier.

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Dec. 14







Freshman Evan DeLuise has had a precocious start to his Penn career, earning a starting spot and grappling to a 3-4 mark so far on the season. He has been one of three first-year wrestlers to see substantial action.


Coach Roger Reina returns to the program after a 12 year absence. He holds the program record for most all-time wins, and led the Quakers to eight Ivy titles.


149-pound senior Joe Oliva, who won a starting slot a year ago and wrestled to a 15-12 overall mark, will look to catch opponents by surprise this season. Thus far, he is 2-2 on the year.


Oliva will be joined as a captain by May Bethea, Frank Mattiace, Joe Velliquette, Marc Mastropietro and Joe Heyob.


197-pound senior Frank Mattiace, first-team All-Ivy a season ago, will look to continue his strong start this weekend against Lehigh.





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Freshmen aim to help team early in careers Three first-year wrestlers headline seven-man class VINCENT LUGRINE Sports Reporter

The future has never looked so bright for Penn wrestling. The Quakers (3-1, 1-0 EIWA) have raced to a hot start this season after sweeping the competition in this past weekend’s Hofstra Duals. Freshmen wrestlers have played a rather significant role in the team’s early success this season and highlight the program’s strong future. Coach Roger Reina has continuously spoken highly of the freshmen members of the team and their development throughout the early stages of the season and sees the potential for greatness in the upcoming years. Three freshmen - Khamari Whimper, Gianni Ghione, and Dan Planta – have already had a profound impact on the season and have seemingly solidified their positions in the lineup. Wrestling in the 174-pound weight class, Khamari Whimper went undefeated (3-0) in his matches at the Hofstra Duals by besting Campbell’s Andrew Morgan, The Citadel’s Michael Lopuchanski, and Hofstra’s Anthony Olivieri. “Khamari has showed signs



Velliquete pointed out how his breadth of experience throughout Penn athletics gives him an edge in managing his players and instilling a winning culture. Penn has not won an Eastern



of brilliance early on and has proven that he is a more than capable competitor,” Reina said. Gianni Ghione, featured in the 133-pound weight class for the Red and Blue, placed sixth at the season’s opening tournament in Binghamton in early November. As if that wasn’t enough, Ghione has won four of his first seven matches this season by way of pin. Ghione is already 4-1 against EIWA foes and 3-1 against Ivy opponents. In his dual debut against Rider, Ghione won with a fall just 50 seconds into the opening frame. That result, the first win of Penn’s home-opening dual, had the Palestra crowd on its feet as Ghione celebrated the quick victory. “Gianni has been doing a great job thus far in the season and has shown some signs of really great promise,” Reina said. Dan Planta, wrestling at 125 pounds, placed eighth at the Binghamton Open and contributed in the Quakers’ victories at the Hofstra Duals last weekend with his defeat of Hofstra’s Jacob Martin. “Dan has been doing a really nice job in the early stages, especially in the two opening tournaments,” Reina said. Planta is currently 5-2 on the season and 2-1 against EIWA opponents. His only conference loss came against Rider,

Planta’s first dual appearance of the season. “It’s a really exciting opportunity for us to have two freshmen who are very capable of facing more experienced opponents in their respective weight classes,” Reina said of Gianni Ghione and Dan Planta. The Red and Blue’s upperclassmen have mentored the younger wrestlers and have played a large role in the development and early successes of the freshmen. Excitement has rapidly grown throughout the program with the freshmen’s unforeseen early rise. “I think the more experienced wrestlers have stepped into leadership roles,” Reina said. “The freshmen have had some great performances and still have room to work toward their full potential.” “Throughout the season, we have continued to emphasize that the need for everyone, up and down the lineup, to step up and contribute,” Reina continued. The Quakers have also already made several splashes in the upcoming recruiting pool for the class of 2022 as the program continues to grow toward the future. Penn wrestling is truly in good hands as the team charges ahead, led by strong veterans and eager rookies.

Intercollegiate Wrestling Association since Reina’s first stint in 1999. Wrestlers and Reina both agree that is the number one goal for the program is to return Penn wrestling to its former glory. “Our program has a tremendous amount of tradition,

there’s a great legacy and tradition to be apart of. To build on that is really exciting for me,” Reina said. With Penn wrestling’s most proven winner back at the reins, the sky looks to be the limit for a program hoping to return to its former dominance.

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Penn’s biggest test of season awaits Sunday Mountain Hawks nearly took down No. 1 Penn St. WILL DiGRANDE Sports Reporter


Lehigh (4-1)

1 p.m. The Palestra Another top-five team is set to enter the Palestra, and the Quakers are ready. This Sunday at 1 P.M., Penn wrestling will host No. 5 Lehigh, a match that will test how well the Red and Blue can perform against a top-notch team, both on the individual and team level. The Quakers (3-1) are currently on a hot streak after last weekend, which began with a narrow 19-15 defeat to No. 22 Rider on Friday before ending on a high note with a threematch sweep at the Hofstra duals on Sunday. Penn recorded wins over Campbell, The Citadel, and hosts Hofstra by a combined margin of 85-33, recording three pins in the process. Five Quakers also went undefeated on the day, a testament to the mental and physical stamina they must have to perform on such a level all day long. On the other side of the mat, the Mountain Hawks (4-1) are a formidable opponent. They have already made waves this season, notching impressive wins over two ranked opponents in No. 9 Michigan and No. 23 Edinboro. Their wins haven’t been too close, either. With an average margin of victory of nearly 20 points in their four victories, Lehigh has proven itself to be a consistent, powerful force on the national collegiate wrestling


Senior May Bethea will likely be a key contributor in the 165-pound weight class if Penn is to take down Lehigh, a top-five opponent.

stage. The only loss the Mountain Hawks have suffered so far came at the hands of No. 1 Penn State, a team whose wrestlers some Quakers faced earlier this season at the Keystone Classic. Even still, Lehigh pushed the Nittany Lions to the brink and nearly pulled off the upset, falling just short by a score of 2319. On Sunday, however, there are some marquee matchups to look out for. At 133 pounds, Penn’s breakout freshman Gianni Ghione has transitioned seamlessly onto the college level, earning three pins already, the team’s second-highest total. He will likely face off against Lehigh’s Scott Parker, who pinned his Penn State opponent and is currently 8-0 on the season. At 165 pounds, the Quakers have two options. Senior May Bethea has two top-three finishes at tournaments early this season under his belt, but in the Hofstra duals, senior Joe Velliquette stepped up and wrestled up from his usual 157 pounds

in Bethea’s place, recording one pin and two losses. Whoever head coach Roger Reina chooses to get the start here will probably wrestle Lehigh’s Gordon Wolf, another winner over Penn State’s Bo Pipher. At 197 pounds is Penn’s standout and Binghamton Open champion Frank Mattiace. After reaching the NCAA tournament last year, the senior has made light work of his opponents this season, registering a record of 8-1 and a team-high four pins. He will most likely take on Lehigh’s Jake Jakobsen, who fell to Penn State’s Anthony Cassar in the dual meet. Cassar is the same wrestler who is responsible for Mattiace’s only loss this season, after a narrow 7-4 match in the 197-lb championship at the Keystone Classic. While these are some of the top head-to-heads to look forward to this weekend, every match will have an impact on the final outcome. When the Mountain Hawks come to Philadelphia, Penn will not go down without a fight.

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King (softball), Karin Corbett (women’s lacrosse), Sanela Kunovac (women’s tennis), Nicole Van Dyke (women’s soccer) and Katie Schumacher-Cawley (women’s volleyball). With female head coaches running 40 percent of the school’s women’s teams, Penn is the only Ivy League school to fall below the national Division I average of 43.1 percent. But both those who are currently and formerly associated with Penn don’t see a necessity to catch up, and a deeper analysis of the current numbers shows why. To start, Athletic Director M. Grace Calhoun herself isn’t responsible for the majority of the current women’s teams coaches — having only started working at Penn in 2014, 12 of the 15 active coaches were already at Penn before her tenure. In fact, since Calhoun has arrived at Penn, two of the three newly hired women’s coaches have been female in Van Dyke and SchumacherCawley.

Because Van Dyke replaced now-Vanderbilt women’s soccer head coach Darren Ambrose, Calhoun has raised Penn’s proportion of female head coaches from 33 percent to its current 40. To Calhoun, though, the numbers are just numbers, and they pale in importance in comparison to fulfilling the methods

we’re very cognizant of having a gender balance in our coaching ranks. But I believe the first responsibility I always have is to find the best person for the job,� she told The DP in August. “And I think by and large there has been a great deal of satisfaction with the individuals that have been brought in.� Going back to the tenure of Calhoun’s predecessor, Steven Bilsky, the 33 percent mark at the end of his career undeniably stood out compared to the rest of the league — but while numbers never lie, there were some lurking variables to suggest that they were at least deceptive. At the end of Bilsky’s time, there were five sports in which the male and female teams were both coached by the same person — track and field, cross country, swimming, squash and fencing — and these sports had male coaches in every case. Thus, if only considering situations where women’s teams had their own head coach, Penn had a much more balanced look, with five of ten such teams having female coaches when Bilsky left Penn. Now that number stands at six


“I certainly am always mindful of ensuring that we have ample opportunity and that we’re very cognizant of having a gender balance in our coaching ranks.� - M. Grace Calhoun

of giving both men and women fair chances in the hiring process. “I certainly am always mindful of ensuring that we have ample opportunity and that


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Still, McLaughlin is far from the only male coach to see success running a Red and Blue women’s program. Jack Wyant has spearheaded women’s squash to back-to-back national runner-up finishes, not to mention a national title back in 2000. Mike Schnur led women’s swim-





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"At Penn, we had a fundamental policy that in all coaching searches, the successful candidate would be the most qualified, regardless of gender,"

ming to a fourth-place finish in the Ivy League in 2017, tied for the best mark in the program’s 44-year history. Penn gymnastics, led by John Ceralde, has won four Ivy Classic titles in only 11 full seasons with the team. Andy Ma’s women’s fencing program ranks in the top 10 nationally year in and year out. On the flip side, Penn’s female coaches are having no shortage of success themselves. Corbett’s dynasty is perhaps the best counterpart to McLaughlin’s, but even that praise doesn’t go far enough for women’s lacrosse — Corbett has won ten Ivy titles in the last 11 years, including three straight NCAA Final Four appearances in the late 2000s. Fink’s turnaround of field hockey has been well-documented. Van Dyke has seen women’s soccer increase its Ivy win total in each of her three seasons to date. Ultimately, it seems Penn has due cause to be content with its balance of male and female coaches. Though off-the-field statistics may cause red flags at first glance, the results on the field is what matters most — and in this realm, it’s hard for University City to ask for much more.

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example of why having such an outlier can prove to pay off — his Quakers have won the Ivy League title in three of the past four years, completing a remarkable turnaround from going 2-26 in his first season eight years ago.

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out of eleven, closer to the rest of Penn’s Ivy foes. “At Penn, we had a fundamental policy that in all coaching searches, the successful candidate would be the most qualified, regardless of gender,� Bilsky said in July. “Since we included student-athletes in the searches, they were all made aware of this position, and not once in 20 years did a single individual in any sport push back against this policy. In fact, they embraced it, and were glad that that was how we felt.� Yet another factor to consider is the most obvious one in the sports world altogether — winning. Needless to say, if the University chose to retain male coaches who had particularly unsuccessful careers as opposed pursuing potential female candidates, this would be quite controversial, but the bodies of work for Penn’s coaches seem to justify their positions. Penn’s most obvious outlier in terms of being a male coach is McLaughlin, being the only man out of eight Ivy League women’s basketball head coaches. But McLaughlin serves as the best





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Group of six captains ready to set tone for successful season Each captain brings a unique perspective to the team EVAN VIROSLAV Sports Reporter

You could call them the Superior Six. May Bethea, Joe Heyob, Marc Mastropietro, Frank Mattiace, Joe Oliva, and Joe Velliquette might not look like the most uniform group of guys. Each of them weighs somewhere between 140 and 200 pounds, and yet their uniformly strong leadership elevates them above the rest. Unusually high in number, this year’s Penn wrestling captains are bringing a lot of different perspectives to the team. Distinguishing themselves by the way they compete and their guidance philosophy, each captain strives to provide as much support as possible to a sport where only two guys are allowed in the ring: you and your opponent. The diverse skillset of each captain has worked well so far, creating an environment where each individual captain’s weaknesses are complemented by another’s strengths. Although the team dropped a close match to Rider this past Friday 15-19, the captains’ ability to motivate each other and distribute that enthusiasm to the team proved big in three huge wins versus Campbell, The Citadel and Hofstra just two days later. Oliva and Mattiace both agree that the combination of the captains’ abilities make a difference for the team as whole. “I can’t get better without my teammates,” Mattiace said, noting that most of a captain’s job happens in the training room. “We can create a synergy for the team,” Oliva followed with. In wrestling, according to Oliva, success isn’t measured by the win-loss column, but by the




Senior Joe Oliva and the rest of the captains bring a complimentary set of leadership styles to the table. The six grapplers have been instrumental in the team’s 3-1 start and will look to carry the momentum to No. 5 Lehigh.

team’s competitive nature as a whole. If one guy isn’t approaching a matchup with a winning mindset, then the whole team is off-kilter, and it’s the captains’ job to provide balance. “It’s a long season, so it’s a matter of us staying consistent,” Oliva said. Coach Roger Reina supplemented this statement, talking to the mental toughness needed for the road ahead. “There’s still a lot of leading to be done.” One’s role as a captain isn’t just ensuring that one’s teammates improve, but it also includes communicating with coaches and updating them on the progress of the team as a whole. This dual responsibility isn’t as easy as it might seem, and one’s success at it further proves their ability to motivate and lead the team. Reina, in this respect, sees something special in this year’s captains. “These guys have done an exceptional job at managing that balance,” he said. Bethea, Heyob, Mastropietro, Mattiace, Oliva and Velliquette are going to have to maintain their momentum because Penn wrestling is about to face its

toughest stretch yet. Next, the Quakers face No. 5 Lehigh right after classes end, and then they go on to the Midlands Championship, which falls only below the NCAA tournament in terms of competitiveness. This next stretch is going to be telling of how this group of six is going to be remembered. Although they have showcased their ability to lead a team through adversity, they still have a lot ahead of them clearly, and, therefore a lot of room to grow. “Their leadership these next four weeks is going to be really critical,” Reina said. When asked about the mark this group is going to leave, Reina paused, and then went on to say, “Those chapters remain to be written.” Every single captain has something unique to offer to this Penn wrestling team: Heyob’s steady yet tough demeanor, Mattiace’s offensive versatility, Oliva’s example in intense matches, Velliquette’s above-the-rest hard work, Hethea’s thoughtful intensity, and Mastropiestro’s heroics. It will be up to them to use these talents to guarantee a strong finish for this team. Because this is just the start.


ibly successful tenure as the Quakers’ coach from 1986 to 2005, is back as head coach and wants to keep that competitive attitude at the forefront. “[Competition for starting jobs] is understood as part of the sport,” the Hall of Fame coach said. “[Wrestling] is really self-selecting. We evaluate through headto-head competition [in practice] and through results against common opponents. So it’s much less of the coach choosing and much more of the straight-up performance.” Another factor that is easily forgotten is the contributions that those not in the starting lineup can make in both practices and at the duals themselves. Reina expressed the importance of everyone buying into the system, no matter each per-

son’s role. “Just like in any work or team environment, [the wrestlers] have to accept certain roles that come their way,” Reina said. “This program has had many examples of individuals who didn’t get into a starting role until their junior or senior year, but when they did, they were prepared because of the way in which they approached those previous roles.” The Red and Blue will look to continue this trend of unwavering commitment as their season progresses. Penn’s goal is to establish a starting lineup by January, when it approaches Ivy League play, but with a sport as physically taxing as wrestling, the Quakers will inevitably have guys banged up throughout the season. This means that there will often be positions that need to be filled — and everyone on the roster will be more than ready to step up.

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wrestling issue THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 2017 VOL. CXXXIII NO. 92



Legendary coach returns to program after 12 years Roger Reina coached the Quakers to eight Ivy League championships from 1986-2005 MARC MARGOLIS Associate Sports Editor

Penn lags behind Ivy peers in hiring female coaches Despite lack of gender balance, many Penn women’s teams see steady success COLE JACOBSON Senior Sports Reporter


onducted in line with the 45th anniversary of the U.S. government’s 1972 Title IX federal law, a study from the Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES) at the University of Central Florida this summer had some alarming findings regarding the nationwide lack of female head coaches for college sports teams. But in the study, the Ivy League was the lone exception, earning the only “passing” score out of eight studied conferences, with 55 percent of its women’s varsity teams having female head coaches. As such, the following natural question for Penn Athletics fans is: while the Ivy League’s “report card” was the best in the country, where does Penn itself fall on the spectrum? If one looks strictly at the numbers, the Red and Blue come in last. Of Penn’s 15 varsity women’s sports teams, there are six active female head coaches — Colleen Fink (field hockey), Leslie SEE TITLE IX PAGE 14


(Top to bottom): Mike McLaughlin, John Ceralde, Jack Wyant, and Andy Ma have all overseen strong women’s programs at Penn.

Legendary coaches come and go, but it’s rare they come back again. Roger Reina, Penn wrestling’s winningest coach, returned to the program this season after a 12-year hiatus. Before stepping down as head coach in 2005, Reina spent 25 consecutive years with the program as a wrestler, assistant coach and head coach. In fact, he was named head coach only two years after graduating from Penn, making him the youngest coach in Division I wrestling at the time. Penn wrestling constituted Reina’s entire adult life up to 2005. However, Reina wanted to pursue other passions. In his time off, the eight-time Ivy League champion coach kept busy during his time away from the program. He worked in the early-stage technology sector as the Director of Business Development for Sports at Ticketleap, an online sales and event marketing company founded by Penn graduate Christopher Stanchak (W’03). He also spent time at Penn Medicine Development. Aside from business, he also stayed involved with wrestling. In 2015, he returned to Penn Athletics to kickstart a regional olympic training center, working in coordination wth Drexel and Penn’s senior athletic administration. Reina had no set plans to return to the collegiate ranks as a coach, but with Alex Tirapelle’s resignation last season, Penn was in the market for a new coach. “When this opportunity was presented, it took a lot of thought to consider coming back to coaching again,” Reina said of how he grappled with the decision. “I really felt like it was a twice in a lifetime chance and a great honor.” And just like that, he was back. This season, Penn wrestling has gotten off to a hot start with a 3-1 record in dual meets and strong showings in the Binghamton Open and Keystone Classic. “There is a whole lot of excitement about what we can accomplish this year and for years to come,” Reina said of his programs promising start. Additionally, the wrestlers, who Reina did not recruit, are responding favorably to their new coach. “I think he has a unique way of communicating with everyone before their match because not everyone is the same,” sophomore Jake Lizak said. “Everyone needs their own personal method of getting ready.” Furthermore, according to Lizak, practices are more focused on development and less concerned with the winning or losing. “I feel like the biggest thing is he’s a visionary. He understands the Penn dynamic,” senior Joe Velliquette added. SEE COACH PAGE 13

Talented roster leads to fierce position battles early in the season Quakers are limited to one wrestler per weight class DANNY CHIARODIT Sports Reporter

Sometimes the toughest battles are not against the opponent but against one’s own teammates. Penn wrestling can certainly relate to this, as competition for starting roster spots began on day one and has continued through the beginning of the season. Much of this competition can be attributed to the departure of last season’s talented senior class and the emergence of seven freshmen on the team this year. Of the freshmen, four — Evan DeLuise, Khamari Whimper, Gianni Ghione, and Daniel Planta — have already competed in at least one dual this season. Because of these new wrestlers, as well as the returners

from last year, the roster is filled with talent, as evidenced by the team’s three wins in the Hofstra Duals. While this plezthora of strong wrestlers is clearly a plus for Penn, it also means that difficult decisions must be made regarding the team’s starting personnel, as only one wrestler per weight class can compete in each dual. For example, in the 149-pound weight class duals at Hofstra, senior Joe Oliva competed in the duals against Campbell and Hofstra, while DeLuise was featured in that position versus The Citadel. The 141-pound class, for its part, featured three different Penn wrestlers — senior Marc Mastropietro, junior Tristin DeVincenzo, and sophomore Jake Lizak — throughout the Rider dual and the three duals at Hofstra. The fact that so many different wrestlers are already in the mix this early in the season is a positive, according to Lizak.

“It definitely helps the competition level because you always want to be the guy [starting] at that weight,” the sophomore from Schnecksville said. “You never want to get the spot from an injury, but you’ve gotta be ready to jump in if an injury does happen.” As Lizak alluded to, the Quakers have suffered a couple of injuries already this season, at times forcing wrestlers to compete in multiple weight classes. Senior Joe Velliquette knows all about this, as he moved down to the 157-pound weight class in the competition versus Rider, only to move back up to 165-pounds at the Hofstra Duals two days later. Velliquette explained the team’s positive attitude and confidence, even when injuries do arise. “It’s not always easy to get everyone in the lineup, which makes everybody eager to jump in at any moment that they can,”



Because of injuries to teamma, senior captain Joe Velliquette has already competed in two separate weight classes in just four dual meets so far this season, for a combined record of 6-2.

Velliquette said. “When an injury happens, we shift the roster and still have a solid lineup, and we see it as an opportunity to

prove ourselves.” Just as the wrestlers themselves embrace this competitive spirit and next-man-up mindset,

so too does Penn coach Roger Reina. Reina, after his incredSEE POSITIONS PAGE 15


December 7, 2017