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The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 134, No. 73

MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018



16 Pages – Free





Sexual Assault Awareness Week

The Way of The Dude

Hot Streak


Men’s lacrosse won its sixth straight game, downing another nationally ranked opponent. | Page 16

AJ Stella ’21 takes a look back at The Big Lebowski and the iconic character The Dude.

Students hope to help victims find their voices and openly discuss the concerns around the issue. | Page 3

| Page 9

HIGH: 51º LOW: 24º

U.A. Calls on C.U. To Classify More Majors as STEM By MATTHEW McGOWEN Sun Staff Writer

The University Assembly passed a resolution on April 10 requesting all 12 colleges to review their academic departments to identify majors that might qualify for STEM certification — a certification that would grant international students two additional years of work authorization in the United States. The U.A. resolution specifically named applied economics and management, communications, archaeology and classics as possible majors eligible for STEM certifica“There’s no tion “without any changing the change to their currules, we’re just riculum,” but asked the administrators to looking at how consider all majors for we fit into the recertification. The resolution folrules.” lows a nearly identical document passed by Christopher Schott ’18 the Student Assembly on March 8, which recommended the recertification of the economics major in the College of Arts and Sciences as a STEM major, The Sun previously reported. President Martha E. Pollack said she will be “working with the [economics] department as they investigate the issue further” in her response to the S.A. resolution, but has yet to respond to the U.A. resolution. She must approve the resolution before it takes effect. All majors are classified under See STEM page 13 COURTESY OF SOFIA DA SILVA ’18

Tallied | Varun Devatha ’19 will be the next Student Assembly president after winning the race against Dale Barbaria ’19 by 48 votes. MICHAEL WENYE LI / SUN PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR


dents in 2010. About 27 percent of undergraduate stuSun News Editor and Sun City Editor dents voted in the election. The announcement folVarun Devatha ’19, once lows more than two weeks of ejected from the Student squabbling that have drawn Assembly presidential race for — in addition to many jokes a meme posted by a campaign — near-unanimous calls from member, will be the next S.A. S.A. members and the underpresident after winning the graduate community to reform the election popular vote by rules. just 48 ballots. Barbaria — who The Office of was briefly named the Assemblies president last week announced on in a decision that Sunday evening was later overthat during the turned — told The voting period endSun on Sunday ing March 28, night that he was Devatha had DEVATHA ’19 accepting the popreceived 1859 votes and Dale Barbaria ’19, ular vote as the “final results.” the only other presidential Barbaria, who is currently the candidate, had received 1811. S.A. vice president of internal The 48-vote margin is the operations, will serve on the smallest since students began assembly next year as an directly electing S.A. presi- undesignated representative.

S.A. Presidency Decided By Slim Margin in Race Full of Meme Intrigue “I’m glad to have run a really great campaign, and it was a great process to be a part of,” he said. “I think all of us are glad that it is now over.” Devatha, currently the S.A. executive vice president, told The Sun that he was “elated” by the results. He said he was “thankful for the number of people that came out to support me, not only during the actual election but also during the challenge period.” “I’m very thankful for the way Dale ran his campaign,”

Devatha said, praising Barbaria for having the “most integrity” of any S.A. candidate. The disputes following the S.A. Elections Committee’s initial disqualification of Devatha have taken a toll on all S.A. members — in particular, the two presidential candidates and members of the elections committee, which made the initial decision to disqualify Devatha. See ELECTION page 4

Petition to Publicize Legacy Policy to be Handed to Pollack Johnson MBA Program


Mixed ranking | While the Johnson graduate school received a higher

general ranking, it also sees backsliding in some categories voted by alumni.

By MARYAM ZAFAR Sun Staff Writer

A petition with nearly 400 signatories demanding Cornell and other universities to make public “all internally written admissions policies and data about legacy treatment” will be “handdelivered” to President Martha E. Pollack next

week, according to Mayra Valadez ’18, president of the First Generation Student Union. The original petition letter, signed by the FGSU in February, asks universities to reconsider the role and weight of legacy status in the admission process. See #FULLDISCLOSURE page 11

Biased policy? | Rigo Perez ’17 participated in a photo shoot during First-Gen Week in 2016.

Ranked 17th in the World By MIGUEL SOTO Sun Staff Writer

For the third year straight, Cornell’s Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management received a higher ranking in the Global MBA Ranking by The Financial Times, becoming the 17th

best business school — up from 27th in 2017 and 31th in 2016. The data released by The Financial Times — mostly based on alumni’s replies to surveys and selfreports — also shows increases in categories like See MBA page 12

2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018



Monday, April 16, 2018

A LISTING OF FREE CAMPUS EVENTS Today Chemical Engineering Seminar: Zhenan Bao 9:00 a.m. 165 Olin Hall CHE's Got Sole: Shoe and Sock Collection Drive 10:00 a.m - 10:00 p.m., Human Ecology Commons Employee Assembly Information Session 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m., 106 Sage Hall Entrepreneur In Residence Office Hours: Meli James 11:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m., G80N Statler Hall, Marriott Student Learning Center Joint Labor Economics, Public Economics and Industrial Organization Workshop: Patrick Bayer 11:40 a.m. - 1:10 p.m., 115 Ives Hall COURTESY OF CORNELL UNIVERSITY

Aging, Safe Driving and Family Conversations Noon - 1:00 p.m., 140 East Hill Office Building

Labor economics | This workshop presents new evidence on the evolution of black–white earnings differences among all men, including both workers and nonworkers.


Media Studies Workshop: "Tactical Media and Poetic Gestures" Noon - 2:00 p.m., 160 Mann Library How Low Can We Go: What Is Needed to Achieve Low Temperature Climate Targets 2:55 - 4:10 p.m., 125 Riley-Robb Hall

April Stem Cell Work in Progress Noon, Lecture Hall III Vet Research Tower Institute on Health Economics Seminar: Kevin Volpp Noon - 1:00 p.m., G87 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall

ILR Book Launch on Precarious Work 4:30 - 6:00 p.m., 281 Doherty Lounge, Ives Faculty Building

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IBM Digital Business Group Event 1:30 - 2:30 p.m., B01 Sage Hall

What Design Thinking Is and How It Can Work for You 4:00 - 5:00 p.m., 112 Mann Library 2018 Italian Studies Colloquium: Felice Cimatti, "Pasolini and Italian Thought" 4:30 p.m., KG42 Klarman Hall Pitch and Switch: A Pillsbury Institute Speed Networking Event 4:30 - 6:30 p.m., Beck Center Atrium, Statler Hall

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018 3


Students Recycle Disposed Materials To Design Clothes By XING GAO

Sun Staff Writer


‘Disparaging’ email | The email will be considered in an arbitration to decide if the University violated the election agreement.

Arbitrator to Consider All 3 CGSU Objections By BREANNE FLEER

The email in question, sent by Mary Opperman, vice president of human resources, said the University “received a report that a number of CGSU/AFT/NYSUT represenA controversial email sent by an administrator to grad- tatives have told eligible voters who don’t support the uate students during the March 2017 union recognition union not to vote” and that “the student making the report election will be considered as evidence during the arbitra- noted he felt threatened by the representatives,” The Sun tion process to decide whether previously reported. the University violated the elecThe email, which forms the “[Cornell] believes it honored its commit- basis of one of three objections tion agreement. Howard C. Edelman, the ments and applicable law throughout the filed by CGSU in February arbitrator, ruled on April 2 that regarding the University’s concampaign and the election.” the email alleging Cornell duct during the election, was an Graduate Students United effort to “disparag[e] the Union Joel M. Malina members engaged in voter … to induce voters to vote intimidation sent last year on against the Union,” according March 27 is arbitrable, despite the University saying oth- to Matthew Fischer-Daly grad, administrative liaison on erwise, allowing the arbitration process to move forward. A CGSU’s steering committee and chair of the Union decision will be reached on May 22 and may pave the way Management Committee. for another election — if the CGSU wins and desires another one. See UNIONIZATION page 14

Sun News Editor

Student designers exhibited fashion clothing made from recyclable materials at the ECOuture environmental fashion show Saturday night to raise awareness for environmental sustainability in the fashion industry. The show, hosted by Cornell Environmental Collaborative, attracted 14 designers from diverse majors to encourage students to “stand up for social and environmental justice in the con“[Recycled text of the clothing indusclothes] are try,” according to its really cool, but Facebook page. The creative fashion people just show featured apparel made using newspapers, [think] they are paper bags, old jeans and not wearable.” other material conventionally considered as Keanna Chang ’18 trash. Prof. Tasha Lewis Ph.D. ’09, fiber science and apparel design, encouraged students to reconsider “the way you think about your cloth and the future of your outfit” in her opening speech. Lewis said that about 85 percent of consumed clothing would eventually end up in landfill, which, for her, “[is] kind of hard to hear because most of the textiles [of our clothes] are recyclable.” Keanna Chang ’18, one of the designers for the show, said it was “stressful but really cool” to design attires using recycled materials, which many see as impractical for clothing. To read the rest of the story, visit Xing Gao can be reached at

Sexual Assault Awareness Week Collects Student Experiences on Sexual Violence 55 percent of students experience sexual or gender-based harassment By KEVIN LAM Sun Staff Writer

The fourth Cornell Sexual Assault Awareness Week, which will take place from April 16 to April 20, hopes to help sexual assault victims find their voices and bring to the table the concerns around the issue. In a 2017 survey conducted by the University, 55 percent of the 2,238 respondents reported having experience of “one or more specific forms of (sexual or gender-based) harassment.” Alexandra Klein ’18, event organizer of the awareness week, said that many Cornell students who grapple with the

“Crime reports have changed quite a lot. It used to be quite identifying in the information that they gave about the victim.” Alexandra Klein ’18 issue find it hard to express their thoughts and that this week is a “powerful chance” for them. One of the featured events is the Whiteboard Photograph Campaign. Inspired by Duke University’s “Duke Breaking Out Project,” the campaign has been collecting anonymous quotes from sexual assault survivors at Cornell through

an online survey form since February, according to the committee’s website. Other events during the week include a display of clothing that survivors reported wearing at the incidents, which will take place at the Hammany Lounge at Risley Residential College and Mann Library atrium, as well as a “Call for Action” forum on Friday, which will give participants a chance to voice opinions on related topics such as education and support services. Klein said that invitations to the events have been extended to Vijay Pendakur, dean of students, Ryan Lombardi, vice president for Student and Campus Life, and other administration officials. Klein said that the administration is paying attention to them and is improving its response system and policy for sexual assault reports. “Crime reports have changed quite a lot,” Klein said. “It used to be quite identifying in the information that they gave about the victim, and students have expressed that it’s not appropriate and that was changed.” For sexual assault victims, Klein believes it is important that they are provided with options while coping with the trauma. “Sexual violence takes away the person’s agency, decision-making restores it,” Klein said, “Giving them the option: do you want to go to the hospital, [or] do you want to file a report?” Kevin Lam can be


Survivors speak out | The campaign will feature an exhibit with anonymous quotes from individuals who have experienced sexual assault.

4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018



Constitutional crisis resolved | The Student Assembly voted Friday to recognize the judicial codes counselor’s ruling to reinstate Devatha’s candidacy as final, leading to his Sunday win.

Devatha ’19 Elected President By 48 Votes ELECTION

Continued from page 1

“It’s been one of the most stressful and anxious times of my life to be honest,” Devatha said. The reversal of Devatha’s disqualification also means that Catherine Li ’21, who was named as an undesignated representative when Devatha was removed from the race, will no longer be able to serve on the assembly. The elections committee had

“It’s been one of the most stressful and anxious times of my life to be honest.” Varun Devatha ’19 disqualified Devatha last month because the committee said his campaign violated election rules when a campaign member encouraged students to vote for Devatha in a meme that included the Cornell logo. The campaign member posted the meme in a popular Facebook group, “Cornell: Any Person, Any

Meme,” which has more than 27,000 members, and more than 80 people reacted to the meme before it was removed. Last week, the committee upheld its disqualification of Devatha and named Barbaria the next S.A. president by default. But the judicial codes counselor, Kendall Karr, law ’18, overturned the committee’s ruling, writing in a report that she had found four unique instances of bias in the committee’s decision to disqualify Devatha. Karr’s report set off a disagreement over whether she or the elections committee — led by its non-voting chair, Travis Cabbell ’18, who is also the director of elections — had the final say on the disqualification. By a 17 to 2 vote, with 6 abstaining, the S.A. on Friday clarified at a special meeting that the judicial codes counselor was the final authority in the matter, setting the stage for Sunday evening’s announcement of the vote tally. The emergency meeting was a hectic display of campus politics, and both candidates appeared exasperated as members neared a


The president-elect | After winning a tight race decided by only 48 votes, Devatha will officially start his presidential term this fall.

vote on the resolution, which led to the popular vote being released on Sunday. “I could lose the presidency in the next 48 hours,” Barbaria said at the meeting, encouraging members to get the vote over with. “This needs to end now.” Jung Won Kim ’18, the cur-

rent S.A. president, said on Friday that the assembly was not overturning the elections committee, but rather “clarifying that the [judicial codes counselor] has the power to overturn the elections committee. “The JCC is a third party [and] by definition, unbiased,” he

said. Friday’s resolution — sponsored by Gabe Kaufman ’18, Debbie Nyakaru ’20 and Daniel Engelson ’18 — differed greatly from Kaufman’s Thursday proposal in that it did not blame the elections committee and acknowledged that its members had been forced to work with “ambiguous language, statements made by current S.A. members, and a lack of precedent.” Terrill Malone ’21, a voting member of the elections committee, said before the vote that the committee as a whole did “not support this resolution or what it intends to do.” Cabbell helped author the Friday resolution, but said in an interview following the Friday vote that the committee intends to release its original rationale for disqualifying Devatha. Devatha said on Sunday night that the election process “needs to be revamped and reshuffled” and that he is looking forward to working in partnership with Barbaria, other S.A. members and the elections committee to do so. “We need to create a process that’s more candidate-friendly, something that’s more equitable for all students, something that doesn’t really take democracy away from this campus for small issues,” Devatha said. Raphy Gendler ’21 contributed research to this article. Yuichiro Kakutani can be reached at Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018 5


The Corne¬ Daily Sun

Michael Glanzel | Cornell Shrugged

Independent Since 1880 136TH EDITORIAL BOARD JACOB S. KARASIK RUBASHKIN ’19 Editor in Chief



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Hannah Lee ’20 Megan Roche ’19 Sarah Skinner ’21 Yuichiro Kakutani ’21 Meredith Liu ’20 Viri Garcia ’20 Raphy Gendler ’21 Katherine Heaney ’20 Brian LaPlaca ’18 Lauren Roseman ’21 Edem Dzodzomenyo ’20

Letters to the Editor

On the state of shared governance at Cornell To the Editor: When The Sun prints “Assembly in Crisis” in an above-the-fold headline, it is easy to lose faith in shared governance at Cornell. It is no secret that maintaining a truly shared, shared governance has had its challenges — and that increasing disillusionment, apathy and decreasing trust in an already exclusionary system will have precarious impacts on student engagement moving forward. The chaos of the recent Student Assembly presidential elections is just one more example of this. As students of Cornell history, however, we want to encourage Cornellians to remember the value and history of shared governance here. Exactly 49 years ago this week, a group of Black students occupied Willard Straight Hall in response to a series of incidents, including the unfair disciplining of a small number of students by the University; the students had engaged in protests related to the building racial tensions on campus. Negotiations following the takeover eventually led to the formation of the Campus Code of Conduct, the University and Student Assemblies, and the addition of full voting-member students on the Board of Trustees. Because of the hard work and activism of many students before us, we are quite privileged to have even the little access we do to participate in decisions about the University. A healthy skepticism of student governance has certainly been a tradition in Cornell history. But let’s not forget what voice we do have on campus, that that voice has been mobilized to enact systemic change in the past — and how easy it would be for the University to take it away. There is another important student election starting today. Rebecca Harrison ’14, grad Candidate for Student-Elected Trustee Matthew Indimine ’18 Undesignated At-Large Representative, Student Assembly

Alumnus: Make U.A. responsible for conduct in all shared governance elections To the Editor: The time has come to place the responsibility for the conduct of all shared-governance elections in the hands of the University Assembly. Shared governance dates back to 1969 with the Constituent Assembly and then the University Senate — both of which were composed of students, faculty and staff. So for many years, campus elections were in joint student, faculty and staff hands. As with the Campus Code of Conduct and judicial system, elections are appropriately a joint student-faculty-staff responsibility. Election problems detract from the reputation of Cornell's shared governance model, and students, faculty and staff should work together to avoid future problem. I foresee a single permanent set of elections rules being adopted by the University Assembly to govern all assembly elections, as well as student, employee (and perhaps faculty) trustee elections. The elections in turn could be managed by the Office of the Assemblies working with a U.A. Elections Committee that had student, faculty and staff voting members. Cornell should invest in preparing a carefully drafted set of rules that are reviewed by the University Counsel for clarity and legal sufficiency before their adoption. In future years, those rules could be amended by the U.A. if necessary. Any election protests would be resolved by the U.A. Elections Committee subject to review by the full U.A. The current undergraduate-only Elections Committee is too closely linked to the various candidate camps, while a broader student-faculty-employee group could bring a more dispassion perspective to election administration. Having the U.A. responsible for all election rules will lead to more consistency in both election policies and rule interpretation. Finally, the U.A. Charter currently gives it control over the selection process of U.A. members, and it seems inconsistent that the elections of the U.A. undergraduate members are in the hands of the Student Assembly. Making this change would require amending the U.A. and other Assembly Chaters, but the effort to make this change would pay large benefits in adding credibility to the campus election process. Robert C Platt ’73 J.D. ’76 former member of the Constituent Assembly and its election committee, University Senate and its election committee, and the Board of Trustees

The Problem With Pro-Life Conservatives A

bortion is among the most contentious and controversial of subjects in modern political discourse. We have drawn lines and given ourselves pejorative titles of “pro-life” and “pro-choice.” I, personally, understand and sympathize with both sides of the aisle on the issue (though, at the end of the day, I tend to side with the prolife movement). But in labeling themselves “pro-life,” I find that many, particularly those on the right, are only pro-life when it comes to issues of conception and pregnancy. In effect, they have defined pro-life as a term that only applies to when a baby is inside the womb. Once the child has passed

wake of the most appalling of tragedies. The death penalty will never alleviate remorse for the victims, and taking life will never compensate for a life that has been lost. The last topic I will comment on is guns. The simple fact of the matter is that children are dying in our schools. Men, armed with rifles that were specifically designed to kill large swaths of people in a short period of time, have entered our schools and turned our classrooms into hunting grounds. To stand behind the private ownership of these weapons is anything but pro-life. These weapons were not

To me, the term pro-life implies that one stands behind the sanctity of human life at all times. through the birth canal, however, many of conservatives’ attitudes towards that infant can be described as anything but pro-life. To me, the term pro-life implies that one stands behind the sanctity of human life at all times, regardless of age, race and gender. To be pro-life means that you are not just a defender of the life of an unborn baby, but that you are also a defender of life through death. As someone who largely embraces the pro-life title, I find that many prolifers (especially those who label themselves as conservative) fail to live up to the standard of that title. Let’s start with the basic fundamental of health care. I firmly believe that every citizen of this country, regardless of socioeconomic status, is entitled to quality health care. It is unfathomable to me that someone who claims to fight for life is also willing to let a fellow citizen die due to an inability to afford quality cancer, heart disease, or infectious disease treatment. It is inherently antilife to suggest that the wealthy are entitled to the best quality health care, and that the poor should be left without coverage. A basic, universal access to healthcare is to its very core pro-life. Another position that is quite literally the contrapositive of pro-life is a support for the death penalty. As a former supporter of capital punishment, I understand the reasoning behind wanting death as a punishment. Death seemingly avenges those crimes that are the most heinous and cruel in our world, and provides a deterrent for those who wish to commit such vicious acts in the future. Yet the research suggests that America’s death penalty system has an error rate that is as high as one in nine. Let me repeat that again, a one in nine error rate. That means that there is an army of innocent individuals that have be killed by the state. How is that prolife? How can supporting an institution that kills innocent victims be consistent with defending life? Furthermore, the taking of one man’s life to avenge the death of another is not justice — it is an attempt to achieve vengeance in the

designed for self-defense, or to shoot an animal; they were designed for an offensive attack. Conservatives who cry that the government is coming to take away the arms of law-abiding citizens are simply using straw man arguments to rally their base. No rational lawmaker is suggesting the total abolition of guns. What we — the vast majority of the American population — demand is tougher gun laws to limit the constant stream of mass killings that have plagued this nation. To stand behind the ownership of weapons that have been used to kill elementary school children en masse is anything but prolife. It is quite simply a pro-death position. I firmly believe in the sanctity of life.

If you take on the mantle of pro-life, you better be willing to take on the immense task of working to preserve and enhance life at all steps. Every person, regardless of who they are or where they come from, is entitled to life. To stand behind life is to not only fight for a child in the womb, but to also continue the fight after birth. To ensure that an individual has access to healthcare, a decent education, drug prevention programs, quality food, clean air and water, and safe communities throughout the entirety of his or her life is to its very core pro-life. If you take on the mantle of pro-life, you better be willing to take on the immense task of working to preserve and enhance life at all steps. To truly be prolife is to stand behind life from cradle to grave — to fight for life not just when it is convenient and simple, but also when it is brutally difficult. Michael Glanzel is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at Cornell Shrugged appears alternate Mondays this semester.

6 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018


William Wang | Willpower

Letter to the Editor

Where is the Cornell community? To the Editor: Over the past several months, we have been inundated with emails from Cornell’s administration in the wake of racist incidents, always addressed to the “Ithaca Campus Community.” These messages always condemn bigotry, and claim that the Presidential Task Force on Campus Climate is working to make Cornell a more inclusive community. But as these attacks continue, we struggle to define exactly what this “Cornell community” is. We all have our own communities on campus that make us feel safe, empowered and challenged, but is there a greater sense of community that makes us feel responsible for the safety of others? When violent bigoted incidents occur on campus, not everyone is equally affected. The majority of people who condemn the attacks and mobilize against a weak administrative response are directly impacted by the incidents. After fraternity brothers chanted “Build a Wall” around the Latino Living Center, residents of the LLC and Latinx community atlarge responded most strongly. When a black student was assaulted on Eddy Street, Black Students United led the push for change. But it’s not just the responsibility of those communities to fight for their rights; it’s everyone’s responsibility, as Cornell students and as human beings, to stand with them. So where is the rest of the Cornell community? Why is there so much silence? When a member of a community commits an act of reprehensible violence, there need to be repercussions not only for the perpetrator, but for the entire community as well. For example, if a kitchen in a residence hall is repeatedly left dirty, then that kitchen is closed off, and everyone suffers the consequences. If someone vandalizes a common room, the entire building is charged for repairs. These scenarios follow the basic principle that if you live in a community, you are all accountable. But our understanding and acceptance of community repercussions should not stop at residence hall vandalism, which pales in comparison to the severity of pervasive bigotry. There could be campus-wide responses to force the entire community to feel the impacts of bigoted actions. For example, a campus wide-curfew might reduce the amount of late-night, racist attacks or sexual assaults; if the idea of a curfew makes you feel unjustly attacked, imagine the threat that people feel after these attacks. If we can’t all engage on a moral basis, then perhaps punitive measures will force change. So far, there haven’t been any community-wide repercussions or even discussions of them because we’ve been waiting for the Presidential Task Force’s report. The Task Force was designed to be “inclusive” and “transparent.” The Scheinman Institute’s initial plan, shared in October, suggested “an in-person meeting approximately once a week” with members needing “to devote substantial amount of time to the Task Force” and “an online platform for two-way communications for issues and information germane to the Task Force’s work.” But no one knows what the Task Force has been doing, if anything. The general student body has received only three emails about it: the call for nominees, the announcement of its members and the Campus Climate Survey. To put this into perspective, there have been at least two violent and racially-motivated assaults, ongoing bias acts and anti-Semitic action just since September. The only public information being gathered by the Task Force are the results of the Campus Climate Survey, which is open until April 13. If the May 1 deadline is honored, the committee will have two weeks to review responses. If it took five months to release the survey, two weeks is insufficient to adequately analyze it. This short turnaroud suggests there won’t be a public comment period for the “actionable recommendations” to be published on May 1. “Inclusive” and “transparent” policy should not be designed this way. According to the Scheinman Institute’s initial recommendations, there should be an online platform for continued communication and feedback; this either does not exist or is so well hidden that it doesn’t matter. For a supposedly transparent organization, there has been no publication of meeting dates, attendance, or agendas. Because the Task Force is designed to have representatives from different parts of campus, it is comprised of faculty, staff, and students. However, this means that most of the members have primary jobs being faculty, staff and students. Protecting the safety of students cannot be an extra-curricular or part-time job. Community involvement is obviously critical, but so are full-time professionals who are able to prioritize this work. As an incredibly resourceful community, we cannot let this issue die in committee. So what is there to do? We don’t yet have a way to establish community repercussions like a curfew. We have the lethargic and opaque Presidential Task Force. We are in the midst of a moral and ethical crisis, but our responses do not reflect this. From the administration, we need more than cheap press releases. From students, we need more than passivity and complicity. Ask your friends if they’ve heard about what happened, or what they think. Talk about it on Facebook, or share someone else’s post to get the word out. Just get the conversation started. We can engage in bystander intervention. As evidenced by the most recent assault in Collegetown, intervening in the form of physical intervention is critical. Other forms of intervention include filming attacks, calling the police and giving witness testimony, or just offering to walk someone home. We all have an imperative for prompt, clear and persistent action to hold ourselves and each other engaged and accountable. Zoe Maisel ’18 Jacob Kuhn ’18 Sarah Aiken ’18 Samantha McIlwrick ’18


Public Versus Private

ack when I was in high school, I was friends someone who was incredibly smart, gifted and a good friend. He managed to graduate at the top of of our class, and was a ferociously talented pianist. In all honesty, I thought he would get into every college he applied too. The problem was, it didn’t matter what I thought. When college decisions came out, he didn’t get into Harvard. He didn’t get into Columbia. He did get into Yale, but it wasn’t his first choice. It didn’t seem like a big deal to the great rest of us, but it stung a little bit for his parents. They had always heavily admired those college, and for him to not get into all of them was a little disconcerting (Which shows you the oddly selective pressures parents can sometimes burden on their kids). But despite they all that, they felt they had

Prestige is useful only if you can take charge of your education. another chance to “right the ship.” He had a sister who was moving up to high school, and so to ensure that the same thing wouldn’t happen to her, they decided she should move up to a better schooling system; namely, a private one. In terms of secondary educational options, the distinction between the private school and the public one is well known. Where private schools often selectively admit students while charging higher tuition, but generally producing better test stores and a more “enriching” academic experience through a customized curriculum Meanwhile, public high schools are the cheaper options, but at the expense of larger class sizes and lower educational standards standardized curriculum that leaves a lot to be desired. And because of this selectivity and tuition, private schools only account for 10 percent of the student population from K-12. It’s an elite breed. And so when it was for her to move up into high school, she applied and got into the famed private school Phillips Exeter Academy. This was no small feat. Phillips Exeter Academy was established as a feeder school to Harvard University, and it’s famed for having multiple U.S. senators, business tycoons, and world famous leaders as alumni, including Mark Zuckerberg and Gore Vidal. It’s reputation as an outrageously expensive prep school ($46,905 annually) precedes itself: mention it here, and you’ll get an bubbling mix of jealousy, awe and slight disgust. Click on Exeter’s website, and you might feel like you’re being courted by a prestigious university. There’s glossy pictures of the dorms and the food, of the expansive campus that wouldn’t seem out of place as a college, and the (slightly) forced smiles of the students. One of the things Exter likes to tout on their webpage is the “Exter Difference,” and clicking on those words leads you to a list of their values. And here, on some levels, is what every private school does to justify its tuition. Perhaps the greatest advantage of a private school is its ability to create a customizable learning experience, free of bureaucratic regulations and oversight. Exeter, for instance, relies on a “Harkness” method that has students take control of classroom discussion by sitting around an oval table and collaborating on ideas and feedbacks. It’s a unique system: “Learning is different here,” the website gloats.

But that’s the gist. To justify a large enrollment fee, private schools such as Exeter have to thrive. They tout a high acceptance rate of their students into Ivy League schools (about 30 percent of their graduating class goes onto to study at the eight Ivies), and the generally higher test scores of their students. To be able to charge a luxury price, they have to provide a luxury service. But it’s also important to consider there’s also self selecting bias here. Kids who are able to get into prestigious private prep schools are probably more intelligent and prepared than the average public kid school already; the fact this select group of student would do better on national standardized exams should be expected and acknowledged, not lauded and glorified. Still, I don’t doubt the private school is concretely better than public schools, if you ignore the tuition differences for a moment. In private schools, the selectivity leads to lower enrollment, which means smaller classes and more breathing room, while a higher tuition and alumni endowment gives them a larger fund to draw them. Contrast that with public high schools, which can suffer from underfunding and overcrowded classrooms. Furthermore, the standards could be lower, and the budgetary and regulation limitations often left us with a substandard educational process . For instance, in my senior year of high school, the A.P. Macroeconomics teacher quit right before the school year, leaving the faculty board to scramble and assign our A.P. Government teacher to teach the subject, even though he had a grand total of 0 years of experience in teaching Macro. A lack of resources ham-

In the end, employers hire the students, not the universities, to do their jobs. strung the school board from hiring a replacement in time. Unsurprisingly, it didn’t go well! Which isn’t to say it was a bad high school at all. It was a well respected school that provided a well rounded education. The graduation rate was above the state average at around 88 percent, and many of its sports and music teams won award both on the state and national level. It was a good school, but the gaps were there. In the end, I think the student who goes to the private school will find their education to be a higher quality. At the same time, if getting into an Ivy League school is your end goal, it’s no guarantee of success. Prestige is useful only if you can take charge of your education, which is something I’ve learned during my time at Cornell. The greatest things I can say about a school like Cornell is that it introduces you to a lot of incredibly bright and motivated people, which I find is important as you begin to take steps to establishing your career. The worst thing I can say is that a person who doesn’t perform particularly well here will find that even the name of the college won’t save them. In the end, employers hire the students, not the universities, to do their jobs. The same can be said for private schools. There’s no doubt it helps. I feel students who go to private schools can expect a greater degree of preparement as they ship off to college. Is it worth the money to go? I think that’s for the family to decide if it’s worth the investment, but perhaps more importantly, it’s up to the student to make it worthwhile. William Wang is a sophomore in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at Willpower appears alternate Mondays this semester.


THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018 7


Dara Brown | Trustee Viewpoint

Student Burnout and Why We Should All Be Concerned


pring break has come to a close. What for most of us was a reinvigorating escape from the academic rigor of Cornell will quickly spiral into a rather nervewracking finals period. This transition period has always called for members of the Cornell community to come together and foster an encouraging and supportive academic environment. While we frequently place the onus on our administrators to cultivate a caring community through mental health and social services, it’s time to take a step back. It’s time to acknowledge how students and faculty members can better recognize and address students’ mental health concerns on our campus. Cornell’s 2017 Perceptions of Undergraduate Life and Student Experiences, or PULSE, survey revealed that within the prior year, nearly 43 percent of undergraduate students felt as if they were “unable to function academically for at least a week due to depression, stress or anxiety.” In addition, the impacts of stress, anxiety and depression are more deeply felt by underrepresented minorities on our campus. The PULSE survey revealed that nearly 73 percent of American Indian students, 59 percent of Black students and 49 percent of Hispanic students were unable to function academically for at least a week due to these pressing mental health concerns (it is worth noting that only 11 American Indian students participated in the 2017 PULSE survey while 231 Black students and 509 Hispanic students participated). Notably, this survey was administered in the spring of 2017 before a sequence of events occurred that further impacted our student morale. When reflecting on mental health challenges within the graduate and professional student community, the 2017 Doctrinal Experience Survey revealed that 44 percent of graduate students cited mental health as posing a minor or major obstacle to their academic progress in the last year. Analyzing these statistics within the academic context reveals that 43 percent of undergraduate students felt “unable to function academically for a least a week,” and may have missed anywhere between 10-20 classes. These students experiencing mental health challenges are then forced to accommodate for over 10 hours of additional coursework, overlapping assignments and forthcoming exams. Additionally, 44 percent of graduate students were taken away from their coursework, teaching responsibilities and research obligations. Undoubtedly, a student’s initial anxiety, stress or depression will increase without adequate accommodations. This is where our faculty and advisors can help. Cornell faculty and advisors can play a supporting role for students facing mental health issues by first, acknowledging campus, national and international events that may attribute to student mental health challenges, and second, providing students with adequate accommodations. All of our wonderful faculty members and advisors recognize that when campus, national and international incidents occur, they inevitably impact students in varied ways. By explicitly acknowledging campus hate crimes and

national disasters in the classroom, however, faculty members make themselves relatable to students suffering from the negative impacts and implications of these events. Our Dean of Faculty has drafted and provided explicit guidelines for faculty members to review when these incidents impact our campus climate. These guidelines provide a step-by-step instructions for how faculty members may effectively acknowledge campus controversies through “simple and direct expressions of concern and support.” According to these guidelines, “General, inclusive, concise and purposeful expressions of personal concern and support that directly refer to actions that can be taken to care for oneself and others are best.” The guidelines advise faculty members to “Be prepared to respond calmly and be open to listen to any unexpected or emotional reactions to your best intentions.” Importantly, the guidelines urge faculty members to “recognize that these incidents affect both individuals and communities, here at Cornell and off campus.” It’s obvious that our faculty members and advisors care about students’ well-being. In fact, over 1200 of our faculty members have undergone training to better respond to students’ mental health challenges. Nevertheless, putting this training into practice remains essential to providing adequate student support. The same goes for illnesses and other unexpected life happenings. When students convey signs of mental or physical health problems, faculty members and advisors should recognize and respond to them. The Dean of Faculty’s Guidelines for Discussing Political Conflict and/or Incidents of Public Violence and Extreme Expression, the Intergroup Dialogue Project, Center for Teaching Innovation, and Office of Diversity and Inclusion all provide valuable resources for faculty members struggling to formulate the language to use and actions to take in effort to acknowledge campus climate issues and student health concerns. Faculty members and advisors can further support students by providing adequate accommodations for students experiencing mental health challenges. Whether it be a rolling deadline with penalties imposed for lateness or an alternate test for students who are demonstrably unable to take an exam on the scheduled date, faculty members and advisors should consider a broader range of solutions for equitably and adequately accommodating student facing these heath challenges. Students can also play a greater role in supporting their peers experiencing mental health challenges. Teaching assistants, resident advisors and graduate resident fellows are obligated to recognize the scope of their duties and

position of authority. Students serving in these roles often serve as go-to advisors for other students battling mental health issues. Recognizing students’ mental health concerns is an inherent part of their jobs. It’s possible that the job descriptions or hiring processes for students’ holdings these positions need to be updated to explicitly recognize students’ obligations to play supportive roles. However, right now, in the midst of finals season, TAs, RAs and GRFs must acknowledge that they hold the authority to make or break a students’ experience and success at Cornell. Students who are not experiencing mental health challenges can also play a role in supporting their peers. Cornell Health’s development of the Notice and Respond: Friend 2 Friend Workshop was designed to help students identify their role within Cornell’s support network and to brainstorm ways to effectively respond to peers showing signs of distress. While the current Friend 2 Friend Workshop has been specifically tailored for undergraduate students, the and Graduate Professional Student Assembly is striving to expand the workshop’s accessibility to graduate and professional students. Increasing access to this training, and providing students with frequent reminders of its core components, is one step towards enhancing student support. The next step must include a will on students’ behalves to take what they have learned and to apply it in a way that effectively supports their peers facing mental health challenges. For some students, self-care and mental health days can sufficiently circumvent their mental health challenges. For other students, who need additional assistance, it’s time to recognize the significant role that heightened faculty, advisor and student support can play in enhancing the student experience here at Cornell. Support services are available to all members of the Cornell community. Students may consult with counselors from Cornell Health by calling 607-255-5155. Students may speak with a peer counselor by calling EARS at 607-2553277. Employees may call the Faculty Staff Assistance Program at 607-255-2673. The Ithaca-based Crisisline is available at 607-272-1616. For additional resources, visit

It’s time to acknowledge how students and faculty members can better recognize and address students’ mental health concerns on our campus.

Dara Brown ’13 is a Cornell University Law School student and the graduate student member of the Board of Trustees. Trustee Viewpoint appears alternate Tuesdays this semester.

Ara Hagopian | The Whiny Liberal


Reframe Political Correctness

’m a bleeding heart liberal, but I’ve acquired a few ostensibly conservative views as I’ve gotten older. One of them is an opposition to political correctness. I also believe that Howard Stern is one of the great comedic geniuses of the modern era. One frequent contributor on the Howard Stern radio show was Eric Lynch, better known as “Eric the Midget.” Eric became a show fixture in 2002 when he called in to curse out Howard for disparaging Kelly Clarkson. His abrasive personality and his willingness to challenge Stern made him a hit with fans; he insulted the crew and they insulted him right back. Comedian Artie Lange once made a joke about Eric wanting to be “normal-sized,” and he responded by saying that Artie was “way above normal-sized.” Nothing about these interactions was ever P.C. But the notoriety from his Stern show appearances got him various television acting roles and a cameo on Jimmy Kimmel, things that no amount of tone policing

or meticulously crafted language could ever have gotten him. This is obviously a special case, but it sheds light on an important nuance of political correctness. I believe in reprimanding individuals who say offensive things. Expression in art, on the other hand, must always remain unregulated. Everyone believes this in practice whether or not they believe it in theory.

Political correctness needs a complete reframing; it should be an opportunity rather than an obligation. Louis C.K., before his recent sexual misconduct allegations, was extremely popular among my liberal friends despite the fact that he frequently uses the nword on stage. He got away with it because he’s a brilliant artist and we care more about laughing at jokes then we do about speech restrictions. Anything that falls by the wayside so easily has to

be deeply flawed. What should happen is the precise opposite of what has been happening. Everyday communication (i.e. racial jokes at work) should be policed, while great art like Louis C.K. stand-up should be given major major leeway (one may respond by claiming that all communication is art, but we’ll leave that to the side for now). The only question is whether or not bad/mediocre art should be subject to P.C. standards. It’s precisely this inquiry that is latent within the debate over indecency in film. Actors having real sex in indie films is celebrated as culture, while porn is derided as smut. Porn, as many of you know, often has storylines. And, as a slightly smaller number of you probably know, lots of indie films totally suck. So what’s the real difference between the two? Status is what I would call it. And any set of rules that varies based on societal status is definitely deeply flawed. Many of my fellow liberals think that

they can legislate the world into a paradise. Think about racism. It’s the stupidest thing ever and it has no basis in fact, yet it’s been 5000 years and we still haven’t fixed it. The perfect world is not forthcoming. Does that mean we should give up? Of course not. But it does mean we should be a little smarter about where we direct our efforts. There’s no point planting a tree you’ll never sit in when they’re bulldozing the forest. Things that exist for their own sake probably shouldn’t exist at all. At the very least, political correctness needs a complete reframing; it should be an opportunity rather than an obligation. You should want to refer to trans people with their preferred pronouns, for example, because it’s the polite thing to do and it will make them feel good. Obligation shouldn’t even have to come into it. People are smart, they’ll respond to being educated about the reasoning behind the rules. Nobody responds to being told what to do. Ara Hagopian is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at The Whiny Liberal appears alternate Fridays this semester.

8 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Monday, April 16, 2018


ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Ready Player One: A New World for Readers and Characters BY GRANT MULLER Sun Contributor

When I saw the trailer for the cinematic adaptation of Ernest Cline’s Ready Player One, it almost deterred me from reading the novel. But what seemed like an archetypal hybrid of Tron and Divergent is in fact its own body of work, with unique ’80s culture references, vast world building and most importantly, a story centered around a nerdy, ordinary boy. The book follows protagonist Wade in a near future, roughly 2045, where the world is plagued with hunger, famine and climate change. To escape these harsh realities, people enter an augmented reality world known as the OASIS, where anyone can be anyone; regardless of their past status or background, individuals can make a new life for themselves, choosing where they work, how they live and what they eat. We learn that the founder of the OASIS has died and left behind a tournament in which gamers can search the OASIS for three keys that unlock three gates to find an easter egg. The first person to get the easter egg wins his fortune and gains complete control of the virtual reality system. The book is divided into three evenly paced acts, with the stakes and speed of the plot only increasing as the story reaches its climax. In the first act, the central conflict and stakes of the competition are revealed in the prologue. The second act story then focuses on the real world and Wade’s personal life before diving deeper into an exploration of the OASIS. In the third act, it develops into a


heist movie up until the climax, wrapping up nicely at the end with a last line that does justice to the preceding story. The story buys into various archetypes that make it seem familiar but also make the structure concise and effective. There is a force of good (the gamers) and a force of evil (the Innovative Online Industries or IOI), a technology giant that wants to win the easter egg and turn the OASIS into a monetized, corporate vehicle. There is Wade’s best friend, Aech and the love interest, Art3mis. With the help of these two, Wade must beat the evil IOI and find the egg. When considering the fundamentals of the plot, it has all been done before, but Ernest Cline breathes new life into this traditional format, and the archetypes help the reader follow the story. The two-world nature of the story doesn’t allow for extensive character development even in the central protagonists because we only get to see the avatar version of each character through the OASIS. Their actions and identities are carefully orchestrated, rather than being an accurate depiction of who they really are (Art3mis uses this exact reasoning to say why she and Wade can’t have a meaningful relationship). However, this only allows us to better understand the characters when we meet their reallife counterparts and understand why they chose their avatars based on their backstories. With this, there is also an interesting commentary on race and gender when we learn how people often tend to create avatars that skew male and white to assume greater privilege and thus avoid discrimination. Throughout the novel, there isn’t a clear distinction between the OASIS and the real world and sometimes the


Wade (Tye Sheridan) and his robot Leopardon in Ready Player One.

stakes seem trivial when thinking about how he isn’t saving the world but rather just a computer application. However, the strong world-building makes the OASIS feel real, and this struggle the reader has in distinguishing between virtual and real life mirrors that of the characters. This book does a rare feat: it successfully targets both current adolescents and people who grew up in the ’80s playing arcade games. Like with the OASIS, readers of all ages can immerse themselves in this new setting — but unlike the characters, try not to forget the real world. Grant Muller is a freshman in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at


Monday, April 16, 2018 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | 9

An Ode to The Dude


any of us are easily familiar with the name “Lebowski.” When we hear it, we think of bathrobes, bowling balls and buddy-love between John Goodman’s Walter and Jeff Bridges’ The Dude. With its one-ofa-kind storyline and its clever comedic interjections, The Big Lebowski has become a household film title, an easy answer to the ice-breaker question “favorite movie?” and a classic go-to choice when you and your friends could-

ride. The Big Lebowski wouldn’t be the same without John Turturro’s Jesus with his customized bowling uniform, or the Dude’s musical trip after getting drugged. Not everything in movies need to serve the direct purpose of starting or resolving conflict. Many movie critics have since gone back on their initial commentary, saying that the meaning of the flick went right over their heads, or that they missed the point completely. The excess of witty humor that the Coen brothers offer throughout the storyline is easily overlooked and underappreciated. It was not the experts in cinema that kept this film alive, but the avid moviegoers who saw something more than a lazy and lucky main charCOURTESY OF WORKING TITLE FILMS acter who lived in a constant The Dude (Jeff Bridges) and Walter Sobchak (John Goodman) in The Big Lebowski. haze. The Big Lebowski has lived on that may take a second to understand. easy to list the ways Lebowski has influthanks to these followers. It has become a Many of their works have earned them enced today’s culture, with White cult movie, like Animal House and The recognition and acclaim by the Academy Russian competitions and festivals that Goonies before it, revamping the love for of Motion Pictures, as they have been sport statues of The Dude. But going fura certain creamy cocktail and inspiring a nominated for best picture four times ther than just the tangible evidence, this whole new quasi-religion: Dudeism. and won it once. But, the adventures of Coen brothers masterpiece has given us a March of 1998 marked the start of a the Dude in this 1998 classic embodies definitive make-or-break in relationcult following and a lifestyle change for their style better than most of their other ships. If they don’t like The Big Lebowski, many people. The followers of Dudeism films. Despite its lack of nominations, it’s safe to say they’re not a keeper. practice Lebowski’s philosophy on life: to The Big Lebowski is well argued to be the This film has sparked a newfound go with the flow and stay calm, no mat- Coen Brothers’ best creation, since it has adoration of bowling, an entire religion, ter what hits you. lived on in ways their other movies and an uptick in the sales of Kahlua cofThe Coen brothers had already earned haven’t been able to do. fee liqueur. So next March, let us all take praise in Hollywood before the producThis one-hour, fifty-seven minute a page out of the Dudeist’s doctrine this tion of The Big Lebowski with projects flick has become a bit of a cultural phe- year, and celebrate “The Day of the like Fargo and Raising Arizona. Their nomenon in its lifetime. You can think of Dude”. films are fairly easy to spot, as they have it like a nice zinfandel from California’s a perfected style; one consisting of a upper Napa Valley. Not great when it AJ Stella is a freshman in the College of Arts and unique underdog as a main character, first comes out, but let it age a few years, Sciences. He can be reached at curious camera shots, and witty humor and people learn to appreciate it. It is Guest Room runs periodically this semester.

AJ Stella Guest Room n’t agree on anything else to watch on Netflix. But the film has not always been held in such high regards. Twenty years ago, when it was first released, The Big Lebowski was met with dissatisfaction and criticism. The reviews were mediocre at best, and in the box office, it was far from a hit. So how is it that an average movie from March of 1998 has survived and even transcended movie culture twenty years later? Well, as The Dude would say, people just didn’t get it, man. A sizeable portion of the critiques focused on the plot and the apparent inessential scenes throughout. Critics believed the addition of these scenes led to a confusing storyline. These scenes, however, are indeed necessary. It is the inclusion of these seemingly unimportant moments that makes the movie what it is and represent the Coen brothers’ unique style. True, they may not serve to advance us closer to a resolution, but they do make it a much more enjoyable

Bazzi COSMIC iamcosmic










Peter Buonanno “You so fucking precious when you smile,” sings Bazzi on the opening lines of his breakthrough single “Mine” which was released in the early October of 2017. The song rose to prominence in early 2017 after being featured in a Snapchat filter as well as on a recent playlist curated by Taylor Swift. The song has been streamed millions of times and has peaked at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100 Chart. Largely due to “Mine” and an endorsement from Apple Music granting him heavy promotion, the 20-year-old Michigan native Bazzi’s debut studio album COSMIC had become one of the most highly anticipated albums of 2018. And its arrival has not been a let down. Bazzi has since been inducted into Apple Music’s most recent “Up Next” class. Although simplistic in musical style, the direction of the album feels very intentional and strikes deep with a youthful audience. While most songs

focus on fairly cliche topics such as sex, drugs, rock and roll and love, Bazzi finds new and interesting ways to portray his experiences. “People are so alone. I know how I feel and even right now, I hate feeling like I have nobody to connect to, nobody that feels the same way I do,” Bazzi told Rap-Up. “It’s a super dark feeling. I know most people feel like that. We live in an age where vulnerability is wack and corny to say how we actually feel, and we build huge walls for our emotions, and that’s why everybody is so sad. I want to be the guy who says, ‘It’s okay to love somebody, hate somebody, feel alone, or feel sad. Come listen to me and relate those emotions to what I’m saying.’ I’m just here to inspire.” Sonically, the album is full of ambiance and is as atmospheric as its title suggests. Bazzi’s dreamy guitar tone mixes well with the beats he co-produced with duo Rice N’ Peas, who also received production credit on

G-Eazy’s sophomore album When It’s Dark Out. Further, Bazzi opts to keep most songs on under three minutes, forcing listeners to hear every word he says as he allows no space for loss of attention. It is clear that the two-plus years that Bazzi kept this album in the production stage paid off, as every transition is seamless and every song crisp and clear. While “Mine” is undoubtedly the song of this album that resonates most with listeners, Bazzi does a good job of distributing focus towards his other tracks as to not trap himself in a corner where concert goers only

recognize the viral hit. “Beautiful,” the track preceding “Mine,” channels Bazzi’s inner Frank Ocean as he raps with a melodic flow and is arguably the best song on the album. Tracks such as “Dreams,” “Myself ” and “3:15” are future concert staples that are sure to send crowds into euphoric states. Bazzi stressed the importance of his internal emotions being reflected in his sound in a recent interview with Billboard: “I’m still dealing with a lot of the things my fans are going through, like feeling alone, feel-

ing anxiety,” he admits. “There’s moments I go through day to day because I’m human. I think the diversity in my music is going to help people relate to that.” Bazzi’s maturity displayed on COSMIC makes him unlike any other artist releasing music today: his love for simplicity proves this. Bazzi is able to combine older styles and chord progressions made popular by his idols Prince and Michael Jackson with styles of today. His release fits the musical scene of 2018 perfectly and clashes beautifully The Weeknd’s dark release My Dear Melancholy,. Watch out for Bazzi on Camila Cabello’s Never Be The Same Tour and in his future endeavors with Apple Music. Peter Buonanno is a freshman in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at


10 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018

Sundoku Fill in the empty cells, one number in each, so that each column, row, and region contains the numbers 1-9 exactly once. Each number in the solution therefore occurs only once in each of the three “directions,” hence the “single numbers” implied by the puzzle’s name. (Rules from /Sudoku)



Puzzle #717 CLASSIFIED AD RATES Ads are accepted at The Sun’s office at 139 W. State Street downtown, by phone or e-mail. Deadline: 2:30 p.m. at The Sun’s office on the day preceding publication. Monday’s deadline: Friday, 2:30 p.m. at The Sun’s office.

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15 words, 39 cents per day per word thereafter. Five or more consecutive insertions, $5.20 per day for first 15 words, 37 cents per day per word thereafter. The Sun is responsible for only one day makegood on ads.


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#FullDisclosure Continued from page 1

“The practice of providing preferential treatment to applicants based on familial relationships is, from its very inception, rooted in discrimination,” the letter said. The #FullDisclosure campaign was coordinated by EdMobilizer, a coalition of university groups that aims to support first-generation students, The Sun previously reported. In addition to Cornell, the letter’s signatories also include firstgeneration groups from Brown, the University of Pennsylvania, Amherst and Duke, as well as other student and alumni groups from Harvard, Yale and the University of Chicago. Valadez asked Cornell President Martha E. Pollack “what her personal opinions are about legacy admissions” at Thursday's Student Assembly meeting, to which Pollack responded by saying she would comment upon receiving the petition. Many organizations plan to decide whether to sign onto the

petition during general body meetings this upcoming week, Valadez told The Sun. CS+Social Good and Black Students United have already expressed their support. The campaign has already received around 400 signatures and will be extended another week due to the recent predominance of other campus issues, such as the Student Assembly election turmoil, according to Valadez. Legacy students composed 22.1 percent of this year’s early admits, The Sun previously reported. 700 first-generation students were admitted in March to the incoming Class of 2022, according to data provided by the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. “The mission of this campaign is to shed light on the inequality of this policy,” Valadez said. “We also believe that Cornell should be transparent about what legacy treatment looks like for us, and what benefits it gives to certain people over others.” Maryam Zafar can be reached at

12 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018


Johnson School Ranked 17th Globally MBA

Continued from page 1

salary, which increased by 123 percent since 2017, and alumni ratings in “aims achieved,” which went up by two percent from last year’s 86 percent. At the same time, several alumni rankings dropped, including “value for money,” “career progress” and “career service,” which dropped by four, seven and 14 places, respectively. Among the alumni of the Class of 2014 that responded to the survey, 91% of graduates were employed within three months of graduation, including a little under 20% of graduates who started their own company, according to the data. The data also shows that finance, consultancy and consumer products are among the top sectors graduates entered, while law, public sector/nonprofit and utility are at the bottom of the list. In terms of the diversity in the school, female faculty increased by one percent, bringing the percentage up to 26 percent. The number of female students, however, dropped by four percent, similar to international student percentage, which dropped three points to 39 percent.

Prof. Andrey Ukhov, finance, said that ranking is only a minor portion of what employers look at when hiring graduates and that a high-quality education is what matters more. “[Employers] use rankings to decide which schools to recruit at, but rankings are only a part of the story,” Ukhov told The Sun. Using the School of Hotel Administration, where he teaches, as an example, Ukhov said the school cultivates relationships with employers despite not being ranked as a “mainstream business school.” “Strong connections between a school and employers are just as important,” Ukhov explained. Ukhov said that high-quality education is what promises prospective careers for students, citing his experience at Indiana University. “Indiana made a big deal about the quality of the courses [and] constantly invested in curriculum development. Rankings followed,” Ukhov said. “It is education and the quality of the students that bring [the employers] back.” The University did not respond to a request for comment by The Sun. Miguel Soto can be reached at


U.A. Asks to Recertify All Potential STEM Majors STEM

Continued from page 1

Certification for Instructional Programs, or CIP codes, and allow international students to apply for Operation Practical Training, which allows them to legally work in the United States for up to one year after graduation. However, international students in STEM majors are eligible for a 24-month OPT extension, according to the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement website. During this extension, students can apply for the H1B visa, which uses a lottery system to determine who receives the visa — making the OPT extension particularly attractive. Christopher Schott ’18, S.A. representative to the University Assembly, said in an interview with The Sun that the certification “can transform the careers of international students in these subjects.” Schott expressed hope that the reclassification of economics can serve as “a rubric for other departments to look at their experience” and hopefully lead to similar changes for other majors. The U.A. resolution points out that New York University’s communications, classical civilization, public health, urban planning, education and archeology majors are all STEM-certified, providing a possible list of likely candidates at Cornell. Prof. Cindy Van Es, applied economics and management and director of undergraduate studies at the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, told The Sun in an email that the Dyson faculty are “currently in the process of


or n

e l ls

u n .c om

researching and reviewing the options for recertifying AEM as a STEM major,” but that no timeline has been set. While the Department of Homeland Security determines which majors fall under the STEM CIP code, the University will submit the required documents to the New York state government, which will apply the federal administration’s criteria and determine whether a study can be classified as STEM major. According to Schott, some proponents of reclassifying programs, including Laura Spitz, former vice provost for international affairs, voiced concerns that garnering too much attention from President Donald Trump’s administration could lead to rule changes that make it harder to classify majors as STEM. Spitz did not return requests for a comment from The Sun. In response to these concerns, Prof. Larry Blume, chair of the economics department, said that if the government wants to change the rules, “[there is] not much we can do about it, but still no reason not to do something for our students now.” Despite the concerns, Schott expressed optimism for reclassifying additional programs and hopes that doing so will be a positive change for international students, without having to make changes to program structures. “We’re not gaming the system, we’re just looking at classifications that exist and whether any of our majors fit those classifications,” Schott said. “There’s no changing the rules, we’re just looking at how we fit into the rules.” Matthew McGowen can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018 13

14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018


Arbitrator Sides With CGSU in Email Dispute Women’s Lacrosse Loses on Senior Day

Students accuse University of violating election rules UNIONIZATION

Continued from page 3

The University argued that CGSU’s objection to this email was not arbitrable on the grounds that the email was not raised in a 10-day period required by the UnionUniversity Conduct Rules and Recognition Election Agreement in cases of disputes, according to the arbitrator’s award. The arbitrator said in the award document that on April 4, 2017, he had waived the time limits specified in the election agreement and that his order to waive these limits had “encompassed all events which occurred with respect to the election process,” which would include Opperman’s email. Because the email was included in the waiver, the email will be considered in the arbitration process, according to an award document on April 2. Fischer-Daly explained that the arbitrator had waived the 10-day period a year ago because “the University asked the Union to negotiate a settlement” and the arbitrator wanted to “encourage negotiation” between the parties. The University also maintained that the email complied with the order’s prohibitions on “harassing, badgering … or coercing eligible voters” by either party, according to the arbitrator’s award document. The arbitrator also maintained that any claims that the emails are benign and should not be part of the arbitration process are “misplaced” because the University cannot preemptively decide whether the email was problematic


Continued from page 16

paign, as previously reported by The Sun. Fischer-Daly told The Sun that CGSU is “requesting that remedies include a public notice of the violations by the University and a window of time during which CGSU may request that the arbitrator set a date for a new union recognition election.” He also noted that it will only be possible for the arbitrator to decide on how to address the election ballots that remain contested once the final decision is reached in arbitration. According to Fischer-Daly, the arbitrator’s final decision on CGSU’s objections is due on May 22. CGSU’s brief to the arbitrator was due on April 10, the University’s brief is due on April 24 and the Union’s reply is due on May 1.

Ida Farinholt and junior Tomasina Leska each notched a goal of their own. The Red will look to rebound from the loss in which Dartmouth’s hot start was too much to overcome despite Cornell controlling most statistical metrics. “There are a lot of things we can learn from [the loss],” Reed said. “Hopefully next game we can play the full 60 minutes and we’re able to show what we have.” Cornell has two more opportunities to fight for a coveted spot in the Ivy Tournament as it takes on Princeton on April 21 and Harvard on April 28. The Red is in a three-way tie for fourth place in the conference with Yale and Columbia. Princeton is in third at 3-1 and Harvard, Cornell’s final league opponent of the season, is tied for last place at 1-4. “It’s sad [to play our last game at Schoellkopf ],” Farinholt said. “But we have three more games this season, so we’re really looking forward to continuing to play and hopefully winning the last couple games to get into the Ivy Tournament and end well.” The Red hits the road on Tuesday to face Binghamton in its last nonconference matchup of the regular season.

BreAnne Fleer can be reached at

Smita Nalluri can be reached at


Contradicting accounts | The arbitrator finds an email from the University, which CGSU deemed to have violated the election agreement, arbitrable, which is against the University’s claim.

when the whole point of arbitration process is to determine exactly that. Joel M. Malina, vice president for university relations, told The Sun in a statement on Thursday that the University cannot give specific comments about the ongoing arbitration. “Cornell University believes it honored its commitments and applicable law throughout the campaign and the election,” Malina said. “The issues raised in arbitration will be fully addressed by the university. We cannot, however, offer any specific comment on pending cases.” In addition to its objection regarding Opperman’s email, CGSU also argues that the University “inhibited the free choice of voters … by threatening graduate students with job loss if they voted to be represented by the Union,”

Fischer-Daly told The Sun. In an Ask a Dean portion of an email sent to graduate students on March 26, 2017, the night before the election, Barbara Knuth, senior vice provost and dean of the Graduate School, said — in response to a question about costs of added benefits if unionization were to occur — that funds are “limited” and that “significantly increased costs” could lead to a reduction in the number of graduate students at Cornell, The Sun previously reported. CGSU’s final objection accuses the University of “bestowing benefits during … voting in an effort to induce voters to vote against the Union” by announcing in a March 27, 2017 email that the University would cut healthcare costs during the following academic year, which was a major issue in CGSU’s cam-

Let us keep you informed.

The Corne¬ Daily Sun

Men’s Lacrosse Beats Lehigh In Final Nonconference Game M. LACROSSE

Continued from page 16

ly faceoffs and ground balls. Mountain Hawk FOGO Conor Gaffney torched the Red, winning 15 of the 22 draws he took. Gaffney’s faceoff winning percentage of .587 continues to be one of the top marks in the country. “[Gaffney] is awesome. I’m not going to overthink it,” Milliman said. “We lost the faceoffs pretty badly, we lost the ground ball battle because of that, but we found a way to beat a top-20 team.” As the 2018 season enters its twilight, Cornell must keep its game clean and sharp, as the team’s two remaining games of the season will prove crucial in determining its postseason fate. Saturday’s contest was the last time Cornell will face an out-of-conference opponent for the remainder of the season, as

the Red returns to Ithaca next Saturday at 1 p.m. to take on Brown in its final game at Schoellkopf before travelling to Princeton for the regular season finale the following week. “When you get to the end of the Ivy season … the scouting reports are a little bit easier to get together,” Milliman said. “I feel confident that we have what we need to compete, but we have to show up every day to play.” Cornell currently sits in second place in the Ivy League behind conference-unbeaten Yale. The circuit’s top four teams will play in the conference tournament, the winner of which receives an automatic qualifying bid to the NCAA tournament. The Ivy League tournament is scheduled for May 4 and 6 in New York City. Dylan McDevitt can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Monday, April 16, 2018 15



Urbon Shines in Game 2, Red Drops Series to Dartmouth By RAPHY GENDLER Sun Assistant Sports Editor

Battling through yet another cold-weather weekend, Cornell baseball dropped two out of three to Dartmouth at home, falling further in the Ivy League standings. In the early game, Cornell (516-1, 2-7 Ivy) couldn’t plate a run until they scored two in the seventh. The Green plated two to break a scoreless tie in the top of the third and made it 3-0 in the sixth. Tim Willittes threw six innings, turning in a quality start for the Red. After a 4-2 game one loss, sophomore pitcher Seth Urbon shined in game two, coming an out short of a complete game in an 8-3 victory. Urbon held Dartmouth (9-15-1, 5-3-1) scoreless through seven before surrendering a run in the eighth and a pair in the ninth. “[Urbon was] very aggressive with his fastball,” said head coach Dan Pepicelli after game two. “He got tired at the end, we tried to get him a complete game but very aggressive with his fastball and when you have good fastball command you can keep the count moving.”


‘In quite a hole’ | Tim Willittes, above, pitched six strong innings in game one, and Seth Urbon came an out short of a complete game in the series’ middle contest, but Cornell dropped two of three to Dartmouth.

Urbon worked himself in and out of trouble in the top of the first, but then sat down 13 Green hitters. straight Dartmouth’s Clay Chatham threw three perfect innings, downing the Cornell lineup with ease. In a contest that looked like a pitcher’s duel in

Milliman Guides Red Back to National, Ivy League Prominence MILLIMAN

Continued from page 16

program I know well and it’s a game I’ve been around my whole life. I think I am comfortable coaching the team.” In the preseason polls, the team was picked to finish fifth in the Ivy League and miss the Ivy Tournament for a third straight season. But as Milliman made clear back in February, Cornell was tired of underperforming. “We want Cornell to be the No. 1 team in the Ivy League,” Milliman said. “We’re doing everything in our power to work towards that and bring the Ivy League championship back to East Hill.” The Red is well on its way to achieving that goal, currently sitting second in the Ivy League, behind only Yale. The team came up a couple goals short against No. 6 Yale — its only current blemish in the conference. But aside from that result, Cornell has handled its other Ivy League foes to this point and has a high chance of reaching the postseason. Moreover, Milliman’s squad has been making noise on the national circuit, with three wins against nationally ranked foes thus far and a two-goal loss to then-No. 1 Albany in early March.

Cornell has gone from scoring 11.69 goals per game in 2017, to scoring 14.80 so far this season — best in the nation. If Milliman was putting together another lackluster campaign, searching for a different full-time replacement would be expected. But with the evident improvement of the program this season, in addition to the transaction costs of changing leadership, the removal of the interim tag is all the more likely at this point in time. But with a couple regular season games and presumably the postseason remaining, the job is not a matter of importance at the moment, according to Milliman. “[Securing the job] is not even on my radar,” he said. Under the leadership of Milliman, Cornell lacrosse is back in the spotlight of the Ivy League and the nation. Therefore, barring any disasters down the stretch, Milliman has built a strong resume as Cornell Athletics seeks its men’s lacrosse head coach. Until then, the Red will look to return to the Ivy League and NCAA Tournaments for the first time since 2015. Jack Kantor can be reached at

the early going, the Red got the bats going in the fourth, plating four runs on five hits, highlighted by senior Will Simoneit’s two-run double. “Two-out base hits make a game,” Pepicelli said. ‘We strung together a bunch of two-out hits for the four-run inning, and even just kept tacking on so we wouldn’t allow them any momentum.” Cornell scored all of its fourth-inning runs with two outs. Simoneit plated two with a gapper, then junior first baseman Josh Arndt and senior third baseman Trey Baur added RBI singles. On Arndt’s single, Simoneit aggressively tried to score from second and appeared

to be out as he rounded third. But the ball got away from the Dartmouth catcher, and Simoneit leaped over the catcher to score. The Red got hits from spots one through seven in the batting

DARTMOUTH @ CORNELL Series: Game 1 Game 2 Game 3 Dartmouth 4 3 5 Cornell 2 8 3

order in game two. After the big fourth frame, the Red tacked on runs in the fifth, seventh and eighth innings. “Seeing four runs on the board, it made it a lot easier to

pitch,” Urbon said. “I could be even more aggressive at that point. I didn’t feel like I had to be as fine, it was really big seeing those runs on the board and they kept it going.” The Red and Green were able to get in all three contests this weekend despite cold and windy weather, days after Cornell had a game called a tie due to darkness and a weekend after Urbon had to pitch through a pair of snow delays. “Today was no picnic either,” Pepicelli said after Saturday’s doubleheader. “It’s just not a part of what we’re worried about right now.” Looking to clinch a series win in Sunday’s rubber match, the Green got out to a commanding 4-0 lead in the first inning, aided by two Cornell errors. “[The win is] good leading into tomorrow, but it’s all about your next at-bat,” Pepicelli said after game two. “We’re in quite a hole right now in terms of what we’ve been able to do so far at this point in the year, so it’s just about putting together some consistency from here on out.” Senior designated hitter Dale Wickham had three hits in game three, including a home run, but the Red’s four total errors and rough start gave them a 5-3 loss, putting them deeper in the Ivy League cellar. Sophomore Jeb Bemiss got the start in the finale, surrendering four runs — two of them earned — in two innings on the mound. Raphy Gendler can be reached at



Freshman phenom | Goaltender Matt Galajda earned the team’s top award at its end-of-season banquet, and senior Jared Fiegl earned three awards.

Galajda Named Team MVP at Banquet By RAPHY GENDLER Sun Assistant Sports Editor

At its annual postseason banquet Saturday, Cornell men’s hockey announced its team-voted postseason awards. Freshman goaltender Matt Galajda added yet another award to his rookie season, earning the Nicky Bawlf Award as the team's most valuable player. For the second consecutive season, senior forward Jared Fiegl won the Ironman Award. This season, Fiegl battled a number of injuries and flu symptoms. He repeatedly drew praise from the award’s namesake, head coach Mike Schafer ’86, for his gritty play. Fiegl also earned the Cornell Hockey Association Award for contributions that don’t show up

in the box score. Fiegl, who won three awards, was joined by junior Mitch Vanderlaan and sophomore Connor Murphy as a recipient of the Wendall and Francelia Earle Award for Outstanding Academic Achievement, presented to the member of each class with the best GPA. Vanderlaan also won the Joe DeLibero-Stan Tsapis Award, given “for skilled efficiency, unselfish dedication and hardnosed competitive desire.” Joining Vanderlaan on the honor roll was his co-captain: senior Alex Rauter. Rauter earned the Sam Woodside Award for overall career improvement by a senior. The captain played just 26 games in his first two seasons in Ithaca, before emerging as a key player on

and off the ice for the Red beginning in his junior season. Senior Hayden Stewart, who spent the season backing up Galajda, won the Mark Weiss Memorial Award, which is given “to a senior with a career-long dedication and passion for the sport of hockey.” Pittsburgh Penguins prospect junior Anthony Angello, who will not return to Ithaca for his senior season, won the Crimson Cup award, for his hat trick in the Red’s 3-0 win at Harvard. Freshman Morgan Barron won the Greg Ratushny Award for the most promising rookie, and senior Trevor Yates won the Bill Doran Sportsmanship Award. Raphy Gendler can be reached at

The Corne¬ Daily Sun






Red Wins 6th Straight Game Interim Head Coach


Revitalizing Program

Sun Sports Editor

After convincingly defeating its in-state nemesis Syracuse on Tuesday, Cornell men’s lacrosse continued its winning ways Saturday afternoon with a 12-10 victory over Lehigh in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The Red (9-3, 3-1 Ivy) looked slow at times but found a way to grind out a victory, with some key players coming up big when it counted. The Mountain Hawks (8-5, 5-2 Patriot League) are the third high-quality team that Cornell has faced within the last week, and during the game, it was evident that the team was tired. “Really happy to come away with an important win at the end of a really long week,” said interim head coach Peter Milliman. “The tank was definitely not full going into the game, and we knew that, so it was a matter of grinding out possessions and defensive stops.” Cornell gave up the first goal of the game early to the Mountain Hawks but pulled away with a slim lead by the end of the first quarter. The Red’s offense, the best in the nation, then used productive second and third frames to pull away.

By JACK KANTOR Sun Assistant Sports Editor


On a roll | Days after earning a key victory over Syracuse, Cornell beat another ranked opponent, downing Lehigh on the road.

to,” Milliman said. “We obviously have some things to work on as always, but it’s great to get the [win].” Lehigh would make it interesting, outscoring Cornell in the game’s final period to pull within two, but it wasn’t enough to erase the Red’s lead, which was as large as five goals at two separate points in the game. “These are tough games to win,” Milliman said. “I didn’t expect us to be able to accelerate and run away from [Lehigh], I kind of knew it was going to be [close].” Sophomore attack Jeff Teat continued his domi“I didn’t expect us to be able to acceler- nance as one of the preate and run away from [Lehigh], I kind of mier offensive weapons knew it was going to be [close].” in the Interim head coach Peter Milliman nation, leading all scorers with six “I was happy with the guys; points on two goals and four they dug in when they needed assists — a relatively slow day

for the Cornell standout who leads the country with 6.45 points per game. Sophomore goalkeeper Caelahn Bullen continued his



Game: Cornell Lehigh


1ST 2ND 3RD 4TH 4 2 4 2 2 2 2 4

strong play in the cage, notching double-digit saves for the second consecutive game. “[Bullen] has been a huge piece to pulling out the last few games,” Milliman said. “We know him, we trust him, he knows the defense … We don’t need him to be the best goalie in the country, we just need him to be the best version of [himself ].” Despite the Red’s game-winning performance overall, Lehigh outpaced Cornell in a couple of statistical areas, nameSee M. LACROSSE page 14

Last season, Cornell men’s lacrosse finished its worst consecutive seasons in 20 years. What followed was the resignation of former head coach Matt Kerwick and the promotion of current interim head coach Peter Milliman, who would take over for the 2018 season. The team said last May that a nationwide search for a “fulltime replacement” for Kerwick, who led the program for four years, would begin at the completion of the 2018 season. But sitting at 8-3 overall, 5-1 in the conference and No. 9 in the nation, it is looking less likely that a replacement for Milliman will be needed. With a road win over No. 18 Lehigh (8-5, 5-2 Patriot) over the weekend, No. 9 Cornell

claimed its sixth straight win and its second straight win against a top-20 team, having defeated Syracuse (7-4, 4-0 ACC) at home earlier in the week. After a couple of down years, the tradition of success has returned to East Hill. “We are really excited that we are playing [Cornell’s brand of ] lacrosse, and that means a lot to us,” Milliman said following his team’s victory over the Orange. After being with the program for five years as the associate head coach and finding success so far this season, Milliman looks as if he is handling the new position with ease. “I think I’ve felt comfortable since August,” he said. “This is a group I know well, it’s a See MILLIMAN page 15


At the helm | Interim head coach Peter Milliman’s squad has won six straight games and is back to playing Cornell’s brand of lacrosse.


Loss to Dartmouth Moves Laxers Into 3-Way Tie for 4th in League By SMITA NALLURI

strong performance for the Red, tallying two goals and an assist, fieldAn early scoring run ing three ground balls allowed No. 17 and causing a seasonDartmouth to pull away high four turnovers. She from the No. 23 Red also won 10 draw conand ultimately come up trols, breaking the with a 19-10 win as school record. Cornell honored its Sophomore attacker seven seniors on Caroline Allen was also a Saturday. critical part of the “It was a super tough Cornell offense, adding [game],” a hat trick said junior of her c a p t a i n “We wanted to come out super hard for own, and our seniors and win it for them. I think freshman S a r a h Phillips. G r a c e that adds to how tough the loss is.” “We went Paletta into it found the Junior Sarah Phillips knowing it back of the was a super net twice. important game, espe- draw controls and field- Phillips also contributed cially on Senior Day. We ing 14 ground balls to three assists, while senior wanted to come out the Green’s 11. captains Taylor Reed and super hard for our Senior Joey Coffy seniors and win it for submitted another See W. LACROSSE page 14

Sun Staff Writer


Slow start | The Red allowed Dartmouth to get off to a hot start and wasn’t able to overcome the early deficit despite controlling every statistical category.

them. I think that adds to how tough the loss is.” Despite the lopsided final score, Cornell (6-6, 2-3 Ivy) outmatched Dartmouth (8-3, 4-1) statistically in every category — taking 37 shots to the Green’s 32, causing seven turnovers to Dartmouth’s three, winning 17 of the game’s 31

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04 16 18 entire issue hi res