Week 1 E-learning and Reading Enclosure System: •

Roof

Exterior walls

Structural System: • •

Doors

Windows •

Vertical extension of a building above the foundation Columns, beams, and loadbearing walls support floor and roof structures The substructure is the underlying structure forming the foundation of a building

Service System

Service system is consists of elements which service to users of constructions. • Light

Week 1 Theatre Sessions â&#x20AC;˘ Mass construction: Mass construction relies on the compressive strength of the material properties.

â&#x20AC;˘ Substructure: Substructure is the vertical structure of the building above the foundations.

Week 1 Studio Activities

Play with bricks

This is the way we build the tower by bricks. So that each level can support each other and play a connection role.

Week 1 Studio Activities Play with bricks

We tried many time to build a beam by using the rubber band but failed, because we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t make it stable.

Then we decided to make the basement smaller so that it increasingly become sharp on the top. Then we can build the sharp for 2 bricks each level and went up quickly.

Week 1 Studio Activities Play with bricks

During the weight capacity test I thought this tower would be broke but it didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t. Finally they hit it by bricks from the side then it appears some holes on it.

Week 1 Glossary â&#x20AC;˘ Truss: A truss is a structural frame based on the geometric rigidity of the triangle and composed of linear members subject only to axial tension or compression.

â&#x20AC;˘ Structural span: The span capability of horizontal elements determines the spacing of their vertical supports. This fundamental relationship between the span and spacing of structural elements influences the dimensions and scale of the spaces defined by the structural system of a building.

• Week 2 E-learning and Reading • Structural joints: Roller joints:

Fixed vertical direction

Pin joints:

Fixed joinst:

Fixed both vertical and horizontal direction.

Week 2 Theatre Sessions â&#x20AC;˘ Structural system: Solid system: working with stones or bricks Surface system

Skeletal system

membrane system :cheap

Week 2 Studio Activities Play with balsa wood

In this weekâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s studio we are required to build a tower as tall as we can. Considering what we learned before, a draft of the tower structure was agreed by all members.

The idea of the main body of the tower is from the famous Eiffel tower and Chin (2008) description about the weight of structure decreasing though the increasing of the height therefore the swing of the structure can be controlled and the foundation can carry more loads. At the same time the structure of trusses is considered to strengthen the bottom part of the tower. The relating information will be exposed in further discussion.

Week 2 Studio Activities

Play with balsa wood Material â&#x20AC;˘ 40 strips â&#x20AC;˘ As long as we can

We all thought build a triangle as the basement because it is the most stable shape.

This structure is built for avoiding bucking of columns (Chin, 2008):

Because of the slenderness ratio, longer and slimmer the column is, easier it will bend hence buck.

Week 2 Studio Activities

Play with balsa wood This is the final tower, because we cut the strips as really long ones so that we used plenty of strips to support and made it stable but it still reached the roof.

The green timbers can avoiding shifting between columns and braces, also transmit loads between columns.

Week 2 Glossary â&#x20AC;˘ Footing system: Different bearing capacity should build different kind of footing system. e.g. Low capacity

piles

2014 constructing logbook