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STUDIO #1


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Останнім часом часто спілкуюся з друзями та в команді про цілі та цінності наших міст, людей, руху CANactions, нашої Школи. Зараз прийшла відповідь на питання про ціль – це ЦІЛЕ, навіть слово те саме. Здається, найголовніше, що нам потрібно, чого бракує – це саме більш широке бачення, відчуття контексту, вийти з кола, максимальний “zoom out”.

FOREWORD

Я також дуже люблю бути продуктивним, практичним. Але як часто ми швидко та продуктивно їдемо не туди. Для мене особисто ось цей пошук більшого, великого знання і є найбільшою цінністю – тут і зараз. Сьогодні це для мене і є урбаністика. Віктор Зотов

Recently, I have discussed a lot with my colleagues and friends what values and goals currently exist in Ukrainian cities, our citizens, the CANactions movement and the School itself. Today I would argue that a “goal” is something about the “whole”. Even the words which we use sound very similar. It seems like the most important thing that we really need is a broader vision, a sense of context; we have to leave the “closed circle” and “zoom out” our worldview as much as we can. I do always like to be efficient and practical. But very often we quickly and efficiently go in wrong direction. For me personally the process of finding something bigger – a “higher-level knowledge” – is the most valuable: here and now. Today, I believe that this is what Urban Studies is. Viktor Zotov


To help you continue from the cover page and go easily – and we hope pleasurably – through the entire book please find below a brief description of its structure with a set of comments about general ideas which shaped the framework of this publication.

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: HOW THIS BOOK IS DESIGNED

The book of STUDIO #1 results is organized like a “LEGO” which represents the main components of the CANactions approach. This structure allows you to read the book in different ways according to your interests, purpose and available time. The book includes three parts which correspond with the structure of the course which also consisted of the same number of educational Blocks. Part #1 includes all the workshops and master-classes that students had to pass during Block #1 of the program to obtain a wide range of tools and skills which could be used for efficient research and proposal development within the framework of Urban Studies. Parts #2 and #3 describe in detail our STUDIO #1 case study – Ivano-Frankivsk, a mid-sized city located in Western Ukraine. If you are interested in the specifics of exploring the city “from within” as well as in the process of creating both a strategic vision and tactical measures for improving the city, then these two parts are particularly useful for you. One can say that it’s a story on how not to become either utopian or purely pragmatic working with the complexity of contemporary cities. Each of these three parts also includes three different types of content: the compilation of students’ results (“white pages”), a reflection of the School’s approach and values (“black pages”), and a brief description of all educational modules which shaped the STUDIO #1 program (“red pages”). Going through the “white pages” will provide you an overview of the entire output that was produced and designed by students during three months of STUDIO #1. Thus, you will find quite a lot of rough and almost unedited materials that, at the same time, provide you with a fair picture of what could be done in a very limited time frame by an interdisciplinary team of 18 young professionals. The “black pages” are dedicated to the CANactions School core beliefs and context(s) which formed the conceptual, educational and pedagogical basis and approach to STUDIO #1. These texts have been written by the School’s’ founders, curators and tutors to share the most significant ideas that motivate to unite the efforts and develop this initiative. The book also contains the “red pages” – a set of “recipes” that were used for “preparing” the whole program. This type of the content displays the aims, approaches and desired outcomes of each STUDIO #1 module, introducing a wide range of topics and methods which were given to the students by all the various tutors. If we go back to the initial metaphor of “LEGO” which was mentioned in the beginning of the text, it should be emphasized that the main purpose of this book is to give one a freedom of using its parts and content types in various ways according to particular needs of each reader: all together or separately, successively or selectively, etc. Flexibility rather than rigidity. Dynamic rather than static. Process rather than form. Vladyslav Tyminskyi


TABLE OF CONTENTS


forewordt To whom it may concern: How this book is designed tABLE OF CONTENTS CANactions school CORE principlES Block #1:INTRODUCTORY COURSE INTRODUCTION TO URBAN STUDIES Module 1.0: Kyiv exploration WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.1: Expedition to ecumenopolis WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.2: Project management in urban studies WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.3: urban economics: how to measure the city WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.4: how to better use digital to improve urban life WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.5: how to investigate cities: A toolkit for urban exploration WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.6: INHABITANTS IMPROVE THEIR LIVING ENVIRONMENT WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES Module 1.7: Think ahead platforma: FROM RESEARCH TO IDEAS DEVELOPMENT Module 1.7.1: Think ahead platforma: RESEARCH Module 1.7.2: Think ahead platforma: IDEAS Block #2: EXPLORING THE CITY FROM WITHIN IVANO-FRANKIVSK FIELD TRIP: WALKINK, TALKING, THINKING stanislav eldorado supermario project continuation of multicultural disconnections where are resources? going global informally airport as a barrier city as a “city center” city politics Block #3: urban constitution development FROM GENERAL PLAN TO GUIDING PLAN: STRATEGIC tooLS FOR CONTEMPORARY CITIES DEVELOPMENT urban constitution development: SELECTION OF best practices urban constitution development: swot analysis WORKING PROCESS & OUTCOMES urban constitution urban constitution: ecology urban constitution: culture & heritage urban constitution: economy urban constitution: infrastructure urban constitution: politics & society urban constitution; synthesis map urban constitution; synthesis map OUTCOMES urban constitution: city vision at Eye-levelEDUCATION PROGRAM T EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM STUDENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 4 / TABLE OF CONTENTS


t1 2 3 6 9 10 11 13 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 86 117 118 121 128 140 154 162 168 172 184 195 196 198 205 207 213 217 225 245 253 259 267 269 276 285 289 294 TABLE OF CONTENTS / 5


CANactions School for Urban Studies is an experimental educational institution, based in Kyiv, Ukraine. It’s aimed at the exploration of Ukrainian cities, identifying concepts and defining actions for urban development – on strategic as well as tactical levels. The School offers a 3-month, fulltime program on Urban Studies for professionals from all over the world.

CANACTIONS SCHOOL CORE PRINCIPLES

Being an initiative of CANactions, the School was born in the most dramatic moment of Ukraine’s newest history: war in Donbass, deep economic crisis and increasing skepticism about the feasibility of real changes of a discredited political system have shaped existing Ukrainian realities. At the same time, all of these factors have triggered great social demand for principled reform of existing relationships between citizens and other actors (business, government authorities, professionals) which shape our everyday life in different dimensions – from cultural to spatial. This has immediately led to the questions – ‘Who are those change makers which could moderate the process of building new types of connections in Ukrainian cities?’ and ‘What tools and approaches do they need to be able to successfully deal with complexity of the current challenges?’ All of these issues have become a starting point for establishing CANactions School for Urban Studies as a research and practice-oriented lab with a strong focus on Urbanism. Thus, the School’s key principles have become: an interdisciplinary, learning-by-doing approach, deep work with existing context(s), as well as an orientation on world’s best practices in urban development. The interdisciplinary approach of CANactions School is based on the statement that the contemporary city is a complex phenomenon which consists of different layers – social, economic, cultural, political, ecological, infrastructural and others – that are interconnected and work together as a holistic system. The quality of these connections – as well as amount of disconnections – defines the character of particular city, making it comfortable or exhausting, successful or a failure. Thus, it is necessary to involve in research and proposal development professionals with different backgrounds and organize their communication and collaboration in a framework of Urban Studies. Another aim of the School is to provide brand new methods of learning which are relevant for contemporary global and local challenges. These challenges include the uncertainty and dynamism of urban development, shifting of professional roles from “specialists” to “generalists”, combining tactical and strategic ways of thinking, possessing different languages and tools – from urban management to urban design, etc. This approach forms the core of the education program in which each module is based on gaining knowledge and skills by doing particular tasks. It should be also mentioned that CANactions School provides a teamwork approach to education because of the crucial role of social networking – physical and virtual – in almost all spheres of contemporary life. Thereby, to become successful urban researcher, designer and strategist one has to efficiently communicate and collaborate with others, developing networks and connections.

6 / CANACTIONS SCHOOL CORE PRINCIPLES


As an institution which is based in Ukraine and interested in the positive development of the country, CANactions School for Urban Studies utilizes a quite unusual approach for post-Soviet education – one that does not ignore existing reality (with all of its ugliness, constraints and challenges) but explicitly chooses to work with it, communicating with different actors and finding relevant solution for particular cases. This openness to real urban life provokes the creation of various ideas and proposals – from small interventions to strategic transformations – which are aimed at providing tangible changes in Ukrainian cities. Since its inception, CANactions has been oriented on collaborating with world-leading experts in Architecture and Urbanism, building professional bridges between Ukraine and other countries, and achieving prominent results in urban development. According to this strategy, CANactions School involves tutors and lecturers from all over the world, supporting students to gain a toolkit of skills and knowledge in Urban Studies as well as to apply them by work in real-world cases. Last but certainly not least is that we truly believe that the only way to create a better future for Ukraine is to start acting and reflecting, creating, and fostering new connections, developing effective proposals and establishing a responsible attitude to the cities in which we live. Urs Thomann, Vladyslav Tyminskyi

CANACTIONS SCHOOL CORE PRINCIPLES / 7


BLOCK #1 INTRODUCTORY COURSE Block #1:


In order to start the learning process and to progress successfully through all its phases, it is important to recognize several things from the very beginning. This includes knowing why and where are you going as well as identifying what information and skills you currently have and what additional tools and knowledge you might also need. This was precisely the purpose of Block #1: Introduction to Urban Studies – to explore those questions and find likely answers to them.

INTRODUCTION TO URBAN STUDIES

During a three-week period, CANactions students were given a wide range of contemporary tools which are used in various fields of Urban Studies – from digital design to urban economics – and were prompted to acquaint themselves with various lexicons from different disciplines related to urban studies. Through a series of intensive 2-day workshops which were led by international and Ukrainian professionals the students were introduced to experiential learning based on action and reflection. Block #1 was also aimed at establishing a common culture among students as well as identifying a group purpose by introducing principles of teamwork and interdisciplinary cooperation. The students were provided an opportunity to apply their skills in «real life». The final week of Block #1 was shaped as a project simulator which contained two phases – research and proposal development. Art-Zavod Platforma – a former silk factory on the left bank of Kyiv – was chosen as a case study. The project simulator’s unique feature was an experimental practice of collaboration with real stakeholders within the framework of the educational process. Thus, the students were obliged to consider a wide range of existing problems of the site and then to propose clear and comprehensible options for possible solutions. One could say that Block #1 was a test-drive of the entire STUDIO with its challenges, adventures, risks and successes. The outcomes of Block #1, both tangible and intangible, formed a basis for the entire journey which followed and provoked students to actively apply all their newly obtained skills while working on the exploration of Ivano-Frankivsk. Vladyslav Tyminskyi

10 / INTRODUCTION YO URBAN STUDIES


Module 1.0:

KYIV EXPLORATION led by MIODRAG KUČ


INTRO It’s a well-known fact that modernistic model of the city is failed together with totalistic concepts in architecture and urbanism. Today we have to work with complexity of urban environment which surrounds us, taking into account such factors as temporality, dynamism and uncertainty of different contexts in contemporary cities.

AIM The aim of “Kyiv exploration” workshop is to put students’ mind to complexity of the contemporary city, through a halfday excursion based on different urban spots investigation and conceptualization.

GENERAL APPROACH During one day 6 interdisciplinary groups of students explore a set of Kyiv spots – from historical center to river embankment – catching uniqueness and genericity of each place according to particular research focus of each group. The workshop provides students principles of teamwork, spatial analysis of the city through its multiscale exploration, methods of capturing «genius loci» , conceptualizing research findings and creating various approaches to group results’ presentation without any special equipment (gadgets, screens, etc.).

OUTCOMES Teamwork skills / Mapping skills / Methods of multiscale urban exploration / Conceptual thinking attainments / Storytelling and presentation skills.

12 / KYIV EXPLORATION


FIELD-TRIP #1 team A: ANNA LEVADNA, RODION FILATOV, SASHA GORENYUK

ANDRIYIVSKYY DESCENT Real nature on the Andriyivskyy Descent is imprisoned. Everything green is untouched, untidy and behind the fences. However, each cafĂŠ on the Descent has its own artificial green islands. Trees in the boxes, different kinds of grass and flowers in the pots can be seen everywhere. This means that people lack of Nature, but instead of spending money and resources on cutting, watering or keeping clean real laws and trees, they prefer to create fake ones.

TEAM A / KYIV EXPLORATION / 13


KONTRAKTOVA SQUARE When we were close to the Grigoriy Skovoroda monument, there was a street musician. He filled this place with a lovely sounds. Kontraktova is full of appetizing smells. And a few steps later, at the Kontraktova street food court we discovered completely different thing. You can discover a musical chaos as an absence of urban sound design. Every box plays its own playlist. And it’s like a mash up of death metal and Vladimir Krug.

POSHTOVA SQUARE The location of the Poshtova Square prevents people to admire natural beauty of the Dnipro River. Instead, they enjoy a fountain in the middle of it. It’s pretty ironic that the huge, full of water river is behind their backs and they enjoy just a small scale “interpretation” of this element of nature. During the journey we were enjoying wide diversity of smells. This place offers pedestrians to taste not only the street food, but also the smell of red-hot roads, polluted air and endless construction process. And the ecological public transport possibly could solve part of the problem. But not now. The tram lines on Kontraktova were unmounted. Just after leaving the CANactions headquarter, we observed how people connfirm their demand for the nature on every step. They put plants on the balconies and windowsills, desire to have at home pets of different sizes. Even the naming of enterprises is connected to the objects of flora and fauna: forest club, coral travel and other.

14 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM A


BROWNIAN MOTION team B: ALEX SHUTYUCK, MARI KUPRIIAN, VALYA CHABANOVA

EXPLORATION AREA

The main problems for all surveyed locations are similar: lack of infrastructure for people with low mobility, not separated areas for cars and people, superiority of the cars over people. However each place has its peculiarities.

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1 - CANactions school 2 - Andriyivskyy descent 3 - Vozdvizhenka street

4 - Zhytnia market 5 - Kontraktova square 6 - Quay

We selected four main zones and gave them alternative names that reflect their essence: Adriyivskyy descent / Shake - Shake of cars and people (absence of places for people as well as for cars) - Barriers on the pavement (small architectural forms, steps, advertising signs) - Unused bollards - Pipes aren’t hidden in the ground (in case of the rain the pavement becomes wet) Kontraktova square / Patchwork

7 - Poshtova square 8 - Naberezhna highway 9 - Trukhaniv island

Vozdvizhenka street / Obstacle race - No infrastructure for people with low mobility - Lack of parking lots (cars use pavement as parking space) - Unpredictable space for pedestrians (many obstacles on the pavement) - Lack of infrastructure, use of expensive materials Poshtova sqaure & quay / Oasis/Quest - No sound insulation in the quay - Quay isn’t completely closed for cars - Impossible to get to that part of the quay that leads to the pedestrian bridge. There is no stairs or elevator

- Incomprehensible navigation in the area - Not enough equipped public space TEAM B / KYIV EXPLORATION / 15


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OBSTACLE RACE Height difference between the pavement and the road. Pavement, as well as road, should provide free access from point A to point B. In this case (especially at Andriyivskyy Descent and Vozdvizhenka) there are unexpected obstacles for pedestrian - parked cars, small architectural forms, stairs, dumps, advertising signs, etc.

Pedestrians do not feel themselves protected and safe on the pavement. In many cases, pavement is not visually separated from the road, which causes chaotic traffic of pedestrians and cars.

16 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM B


UNPREDICTABLE RELIEFS Difficult relief for movement on the pavement: lots of stairs, flowerbeds. All these obstacles create additional barriers for pedestrians with limited mobility.

QUALITY Neglected design cuts off the street space into different pieces which aren’t linked with each other. Poor conditions of the pavement, lawn, benches pull out citizens from these areas.

TEAM B / KYIV EXPLORATION / 17


NECESSITY OF REST People need to have rest during the walk. In shopping streets improvised «oases of rest» are oſten encountered. An important element is the contemplation of the street, it is really necessary to arrange comfortable seating on interesting spots.

On the quay, for example, a pleasant seating area is created with benches and beautiful view, but haphazard protection from road noise makes it unpopular and uncomfortable. Such elements reduce the potential of particular space.

CONCLUSIONS Surveyed streets and areas don’t always work the way they were conceived by architects. Street as an organism adapts to the habits and lifestyle of the citizens. However people adjust the space for their needs. Even new areas are constructed without revising previous mistakes of city planning. Lack of parking spaces, no facilities for low-mobility citizen at Vozdvizhenka street and absence of the sound insulation at the quay are the most prominent examples.

18 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM B


KYIV MICRO VALUES team C: ANTON SUKHAR, BOGDAN KAPATSILA

ZOOM IN According to Wikipedia, in digital imaging, a pixel, is a physical point in a raster image, or in plain words - the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen. Armed with this definition and a map of our journey, we zoomed our cameras in a desire to catch the tiniest details of the city. Although this is the most obvious method of such an exploration, we felt that it is not the most efficient one due to the limitations for presentation that we would have in a forest. That’s why we came up with the idea of collecting small objects at each locations, which, in our opinion are the best representations of the every place. Moreover, in combination with photos that we made, this story is to point out the micro values, which together compose a city fabric of Kyiv.

ANDRIYIVSKYY DESCENT T

CITY CENTER Being a hot potato in almost every debate about historical heritage, this place is represented with a piece of pavement stone we’ve found there, and which is a pixel that people not only walk on, but also have found many other ways of its handy usage.

We have picked up a chestnut for this area, as being a symbol of the Kyiv in general, its nucleus is also the heart of the tree, as the city’s midpoint is a heart of the city.

TEAM C / KYIV EXPLORATION / 19


VOZDVIZHENKA STREET

As a birthplace for the city’s trade, commerce and industry, it has numerous construction elements, often of unknown purpose, on the buildings, fences and doors. Thus, the technological pixel, we’ve found in some of the backyards is a very good representation of the neighborhood. And yes, we also don’t know what it was for.

First impression of this street is very controversial, as it, being new and shiny, pretends to be old and historical. Thus on every corner you can find something that is hidden or is tried to be concealed. Even the inner yards, that are so numerous here, represent the idea of hiddenness. On the other hand, being the apogee of fakeness, it disintegrates every day, and you can find tiny pixels of this decay everywhere.

ZHYTNY RYNOK PODIL

A market place in the heart of Podil can be best described by a bobbin, that we’ve found on the place. All the diversity of goods (such as fruits, clothes, vegetables, meat, shoes, barbering), which can be found are tried to be coiled on one very specific site. A pixel with many hidden stories like people who work there. 20 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM C


TRUKHANIV ISLAND

POSHTOVA SQUARE VA SQUARE

The island located on the Dnieper river is a kind of oasis for people striving for green and relaxed zones, leaving polluted and noisy city. They leave all the dirt outside the island, like the bridge that connects it to the shore dumps the old paint from itself. That paint is the last pixel of our story.

With all the history that was ruined by this new square and letterings on the fence, we’ve came up with an idea of a printed text, which is crossed by markers, as a pixel that clearly depicts the place, as it shows the relation of creators to the legacy. An invented one for the made up place.

ZOOM OUT Being found as a garbage, this all details form the exact picture of the city, and became tangible artifacts of the each place. Of course, it is impossible to have the right opinion by observing only them, but they teach us that there is a certain story behind any tiny object, which one can find if he wants. TEAM C / KYIV EXPLORATION / 21


YOU vs ME team D: DASHA PODOLTSEVA, TANYA ABRAMOVA, VOLODYA DIDIUK What happens when two different points of view meet each other in one place? Urban politics in a nutshell. Our team was intrigued to have this kind of topic for research. Firstly we wanted to choose video as a presentational tool, but then we understood that photo shows this issues better. Our main task was to identify the phenomena and authors involved in different types of local interest conflicts. We collected many items showing urban politics of places from which we defined 7 categories of occurred issues.

#1: PARKING We found that formal regulations and restrictions of parking places are totally ignored and useless. The reality is so that people are creating their own ways of parking

22 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM D

restrictions – like putting flowerbeds in front of the own store or putting cones instead. Human factor is only thing that really works.

#2: MEGASTRUCTURES A lot of cafe owners build terrace windows on the facade that identifies temporary structures and have to be removed by the end of summer season…BUT nobody cares about it and disassembling of superstructures is not carried out. These illegal constructions are spoiling the city’s face for the whole year round.

S


#3: ABANDONED ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS S

Our city is full of historical heritage buildings that are abandoned now. Instead of their rejuvenation, city government puts all forces into building new ones and making them look like they were built in old times, but this fake architecture is so easy to see.

#5: ILLEGAL TRADE E

We saw it everywhere – starting from coffee cars and ending with grannies trading just in 2 meters from official market place. But the main thing is that PEOPLE DO LIKE IT :)

#6: TOLERANCE E

PTN-PNH t-shirts as well as blue&yellow goods are being sold just outside Taganka cafe.

#4: BIG POLITICAL SHOW OFF We identified several places that were created by political forces and opened “in the middle of nowhere” even without all constructions being done. These places were created only for election campaign needs but not for people.

#7: TRADITIONS S

Different communities and places want us to follow the rules they are implementing. That is why we saw woman putting on scarves just before entering the church, girls putting on bows before going to school and office man putting on tie just before entering working place. We all are playing the games to be the part of something bigger.

TEAM D / KYIV EXPLORATION / 23


SPECIFIC NAME team E: ALEXANDER SHEVCHENKO, ANNA PASHYNSKA, JAROSLAV JAKOVLEV

FROM TOP TO BOTTOM

We came up with an idea to give an initial emotional flow of names, tags, graffities, labels leading to creating an atmosphere for the better understanding the specificity and tendency of gradual change of the “message” behind the objects.

The aim of the urban exploration was to filter the content by the semiotics filter. The objects of the main interest were visual codes, typography, infographics, signs, symbols, speaking broadly – visual communication. Using various techniques we identified and consolidated main types of visual messages in the studied area and the character of its interaction. The methodology of the research was mainly built on the medias we had in our possession. Those were writings, sound and photo fixating. Naturally we divided each one with a certain tool in use and collaborated at the middle and end points of the research. Despite the different points of view on the subject of research we managed to combine our approaches to reach a product. As an outcome of the exercise we tried to consolidate all our findings in a collage and a schematic sketch map representing our route and the changes. As a possible complementation a sound file may be produced as reading the introduction list.

Mental map of the route filled with tags 24 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM E


TEAM E / KYIV EXPLORATION / 25


WHITE POETRY Заповіти 104-річного карпатського мудреця – як жити в здоров’ї, щасті і радості Аварійна газова служба Куплю янтарные бусы Укриття Укрмонолітспецбуд Вышиванки и Тельняшки Друг! Здесь не мусорят Нострадамус Библия Укриття Андріївський квас Обмін валют Укриття Геть зека (закреслено) Одін – Two – Три – Four – Cinque – Seis DentaLL СтоматоLLогия # beloesuhoe baby rock cafe рыбаlove Tuto Vzuto Sugar фoтo Идеальные люди такие зануды Зарядка для электромобиля Когда в рачи не смогли помочь Садиба/Особняк Крила з’їли полетіли План Берези останній шанс відстояти Київ Охота на овец Койкоместо Срочный ремонт Быстрый кредит Йога / Обмін валют Купим антиквариат Двір зразкового утримання Укриття Дуб Ясень Дрова Бетон Асфальт

26 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM E

The aforementioned row can be structured in few parallel lines we identified: - Communal visual language of old soviet GOST font types used by different city services is recognisable and has a supportive role in the city and is a part of our history addressing in this way all age groups of citizens. - The language of the street art is more complex and consists of the political mottos, chaotic tags on the ground floor fasades, and thematic stickers on the street signs. Those stand for the local/global ideas of the (sometimes radical) society. - A small niche is covered by user ads often in a handwriting style. That gives an impression of the district if it is lively, active in terms of locals. - A broad vast massive of commercial advertisement by the character, style, fonts characterize the profile of the owners, staff and success of business. Looking on the latter categorisation zoomed out shows us a trend of changing semantics of the ‘visual message of the city’ as we travelled from the historical centre, where art, high intelligence level jobs are situated, to the former craftsmen quarters, which still have the atmosphere of simple needs such as wood, metal, and other natural sources. Visual messages strongly reflect the society structure in a particular spot. According to the graphical map of the spatial distribution of the names it is clear that those names stand for the specific society sector living/working/walking there and represents their activity, interests, goals.


PLACE INFLUENCES PEOPLE team F: ALEXANDRA SLADKOVA, ANDRII KOMAN, YULIA ZALOMAIKINA

UNCOMFORTABLE LANDMARK Andriyivskyy descent is one of the most famous landmarks of Kiev. It’s a pedestrian street with a market. But cars still can drive thru it. That makes some discomfort for people who are selling souvenirs and presents there and for visitors.

«FAKE» DISTRICT Vozdvizhenka Street is a new street built in classic style. All forms, accessories and decorations look like if they are more then 100 years old. But it’s a fake. The whole district was built not long ago.

People still prefer to use sidewalks instead of the central part of the street. All kiosks and tents with different items are faced to the buildings walls. The whole life of the street is caught between tents and walls. For this reason some sellers become unfriendly. There were a lot of sings «don’t touch items». That’s absolutely unacceptable when place which should attract citizens and visitors of the city becomes uncomfortable and push them away. Cars presence destroys the atmosphere of the Andriyivskyy descent. It influences people and changes them.

F

Fake atmosphere influences people too. The place is full of VIP offices, bars, banks and apartments. Near entrances bodyguards in fashionable classic suits with a colorful ties are staying, what is absolutely untypical and not necessary. People try to show their fake status. Car drivers are running to open door for there bosses. Fake beauty makes fake relationships. Sometimes fake causes recursion (fake in fake in fake…). An example is ‘Taganka Cafe’. For sure, Taganka is in Moscow, but this area has its own fake, as an old Kyiv area with its own fake history.

. TEAM F / KYIV EXPLORATION / 27


MARKET Market is a place, where people make true things. They trade and make deals. They talk straight to each other. Real market life begins at weekend, when citizens from all town come there to buy food for the next week. At free time sellers swip their phones, talk to each other and feel pretty relaxed . They don’t behave like they do something when they don’t. People come to market to the sellers they know for a long time. So market becomes something more than ordinary trade place. It looks like area for communication, gossips, smiles and joy.

RESULTS The benches are mostly occupied by 2-3 people, usually unacquainted, of different age and social status. But here, on a bench this different people talk a little bit to each other. Huge expensive cars on destroyed streets look like sponges, that absorb money from poor common infrastructure to private ownership. The new building on Nyzniy Val 27-29 is residential. And we can see the sign ‘apartments for sale’. It is not comfortable to live there because of the situation, but ‘for sale’ are not comfortable apartments, but the status ‘I’m a person, for whom a cheat is a proud’. . 28 / KYIV EXPLORATION / TEAM F

PEDESTRIAN AREA FOR CARS New promenade from the first view looks nice, but it’s absolutely unadaptable for people to have rest there. It’s near a big highway full of noise. Street crossings are situated on the distance of 1km. But it’s still a place full of people doing sports or just sitting and relaxing on benches. How can they have rest in such a noisy place? Does the highway affect the lifestyle of the inhabitants? Maybe they have already adapted to it and noise relaxes them like a sound of waterfall?

All the line public space of Kyiv looks chaotic and unorganized, but that is not true. There is a sum of different orders. There are a lot of groups of interest, which are trying to organize the mobility of visitors in a way, profi table to them. There are a lot of signs, inscriptions, stands with plants, rests of street furniture, foreign objects, which make people behave in desired for that groups of interests way. Also to preserve the order of interests on the streets some specific people stand. That can be a security, or some unmarked people, who play a role of watcher. If somebody is trying to behave against the set by the groups of interest way, the watcher becomes visible and is trying to correct the behavior of the “offender”.


Module 1.1:

EXPEDITION TO ECUMENOPOLIS led by METASITU


INTRO The divorce between concrete and urbanization means that our existence now takes place in a series of complex networks that transcend urban/rural dichotomies; local, regional and national borders. No place on the planet has escaped the consequences and effects of modernity and urbanization. This hypothesis sets the departure point for the workshop. ‘Welcome to Ecumenopolis’ is a platform to present the examples of ‘global authenticity’: new fibers in this allenveloping urban tissue, analysis of the global urban carpet that transcends legislative borders, paved avenues and network signals.

AIM The workshop tackles issues of metaphysical and metamodernist urban form exploration on the example of ‘Sky Mall’ shopping center in Kyiv.

GENERAL APPROACH As video artists, METASITU proposes to use cameras to document the journey – cameras from smartphones and/ or regular cameras that can record video.

OUTCOMES Introduction to Ecumenopolis concept / Skills of thinking outside the box / Enhance observation abilities in the city/ Team building skills / Practical skills how to edit video: create poetic video visions – from story boarding to sound to software, – followed by an open screening and roundtable discussion.

30 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / EXPEDITION TO ECUMENOPOLIS


Althought it was mainly a videoediting workshop, firstly students were presented various brainstorming techniques that helped to come up with a specific topic to work with.

With a solid concept in their pocket, each student used a storyboard to understand the logic of the materials they recorded during fieldtrip and develop stories out of it.

EXPEDITION TO ECUMENOPOLIS / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / 31


IT WON’T BE FAIR TO SAY THAT IT WAS EASY, BUT IN A HALF OF A DAY TIME EACH PARTICIPANT MASTERED VIDEOEDITING AND PRESENTED HIS 2 MINUTE CLIP TO THE AUDIENCE WITH THE DISCUSSION THAT FOLLOWED.

IDEAS COVERED AND DISCUSSED TACKLE THE PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY THAT STUDENTS OBSERVED IN THE SHOPPING MALL, BUT WHICH ARE COMMON FOR EVERY CORNER OF THE WORLD.

32 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / EXPEDITION TO ECUMENOPOLIS


Module 1.2:

PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN URBAN STUDIES led by SERHIY GVOZDIOV


INTRO We are living in the world of various projects: from small-scale spatial interventions to large-scale urban development proposals. ‘The project’ is a temporary enterprise, designed to create a unique product, service or results. Thus, to be qualified and successful expert in urban development, it’s necessary to be aware of project management core principles which are about efficient usage of project resources for achieving time, cost and quality targets within the context of overall strategic and tactical requirements of a particular client.

AIM By combining theoretical inputs with a set of practical tasks, the module is aimed at developing skills of project management, increasing teamwork abilities and enhancing comprehensive understanding of an urban project.

GENERAL APPROACH By means of exploring a ‘project’s’ essence and discussing key principles of management, students go through different phases of project planning and results presentation.

OUTCOMES Introduction to project management / Team work skills and principles of roles distribution among team members / Field trip plans developed by interdisciplinary teams of students.

supported by

34 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN URBAN STUDIES


Divided into several interdisciplinary teams, students started with developing their particular project ideas and detailed description for every proposal.

Everything is to be discussed, so that each teammember is totally satisfied with the concept details, and won’t cause any problems in the development phase, PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN URBAN STUDIES / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / 35


HAVING A SOLID AIM, A COHERENT TEAM IS THE NEXT THING YOU NEED. THROUGH A PLAYFUL SET OF COMPETITIVE TASKS THE ROLE OF EACH STUDENT WAS CLARIFIED AND THE NECESSITY OF GOOD COORDINATION AMONG THEM BECAME OBVIOUS.

THE IMPORTANCE OF TIME WAS A RED LINE OF THE WORKSHOP, THUS EACH GROUP DEVELOPED A PRECISE TIMELINE FOR THEIR PROJECT PRODUCTION, WHICH THEY WERE TO REFER TO DURING THE FURTHER RESEARCH. 36 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN URBAN STUDIES


Module 1.3:

URBAN ECONOMICS: HOW TO MEASURE THE CITY led by VOLODYMYR VAKHITOV


INTRO What is ‘economics’ and what is ‘urban’? What is a ‘city’ in general? Why do we need urban density and how do we measure it? What limits the city size? Why do cities fail? These and many other questions which connect urbanism and economics are crucial for experts who work on research and development of contemporary cities. This module helps students to acquire understanding of inequalities in spatial distribution of economic activities as well as get exposed to modern empirical studies in the field of Urban Economics.

AIM The workshop is focused on establishing logical connections between urban and economic development which shape contemporary cities, through overview of the newest Urban Economics theories and a set of tasks on spatial analysis and mapping.

GENERAL APPROACH Within the module framework which combines lectures and practical tasks, students obtain knowledge about methods of exploratory spatial analysis and measuring agglomeration economies. The workshop consists of two structural parts: “Essentials of Urban Economics” and “Spatial Measures”.

OUTCOMES A series of lectures on ‘Urban Economics’, ‘Mapping’ and ‘Spatial analysis’ / Small group projects ‘Why do cities fail?’ / Practice with GeoDA / Project ‘Urban patterns identification’ / Experience of interdisciplinary teamwork with KSE students.

supported by

38 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / URBAN ECONOMICS: HOW TO MEASURE THE CITY


WHEN THINGS COME TO ECONOMICS, IT’S NOT AS EASY TO UNDERSTAND EVERYTHING ONLY THROUGH PRACTICE, THAT’S WHY A SET OF LECTURES IS NEEDED.

WHAT, HOW, FOR WHOM? – QUESTIONS ECONOMY ANSWERS AND SUBJECTS COVERED BY THE TASKS STUDENTS WERE GIVEN IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND THE KEY POINTS OF ANY RESEARCH.

URBAN ECONOMICS: HOW TO MEASURE THE CITY / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / 39


COMPLEXITY OF TOPIC REQUIRES COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH AND USAGE OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IS ESSENTIAL FOR FRUITFUL SYNERGY OF URBAN AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. FACING THE PROBLEM OF NON-AVAILABILITY OF CONCRETE STATISTICAL DATA IN UKRAINE, STUDENTS GATHERED CRUMBS OF INFORMATION AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET.

GEODA WAS CHOSEN AS A TOOL FOR PRACTICE BY THE TUTOR, AND STUDENTS USED PROVIDED EXAMPLES TO FORM SPATIAL REPRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL DATA THEY MANAGED TO FIND ABOUT IVANO-FRANKIVSK. ALTHOUGH IT WAS AN EDUCATIONAL TASK, SOME IMPORTANT INFORMATION ALREADY OCCURRED. 40 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / URBAN ECONOMICS: HOW TO MEASURE THE CITY


Module 1.4:

HOW TO BETTER USE DIGITAL TO IMPROVE URBAN LIFE led by PAUL MCCABE


INTRO New technologies driving the ‘digital revolution’ are causing seismic changes in how we live (think, behave, feel), and these changes are manifested on societal, institutional, commercial, community and individual levels – as the connected, non-linear world is gradually replacing the more linear, industrial world order. Driving this change is the application and integration of technology and data (hence the terms ‘the information age’ or ‘the digital age’).

AIM Through a mixture of interactive lectures and workshops, this module explores how we can better apply digital to urbanism in order to improve life in cities.

GENERAL APPROACH During the workshop students led by the tutor look at how the business world is adapting to digital, and explore the digital mindset that enables companies to prosper in the context of rapid technological advancement, disruptive innovation, changing power structures, increasing change and uncertainty. Learnings from the business world will then be applied more broadly to urbanism.

OUTCOMES Introduction to international best practices of using digital technologies for urban projects development / Overview of the latest trends of digital technologies implementation in urban projects / Skills and methods of digital platform creation, based on different types of users’ needs in contemporary city.

42 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / HOW TO BETTER USE DIGITAL TO IMPROVE URBAN LIFE


THE USE OF DIGITAL MEANS IN ORDER TO FULFILL USERS NEEDS AND DESIRES WAS THE TOPIC COVERED BY THE TUTOR. DURING A BRAINSTORM SESSION STUDENTS WERE TO COME UP WITH A PROPOSAL OF HOW A VACATION OF A TOURIST CAN BE IMPROVED THROUGH A USAGE OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES. PAUL MCCABE STARTED WITH THE KEY POINTS WHAT IS ESSENTIAL FOR HIM AND WHAT THE DESIRED OUTCOME IS OF A TRIP HE WANTS TO HAVE.

HOW TO BETTER USE DIGITAL TO IMPROVE URBAN LIFE / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / 43


THE GIGANTIC SHEET COVERED WITH IDEAS ON PROJECTS DISPLAYED THE IMPORTANCE OF FOCUS SHIFTING FROM PRODUCT TO BEHAVIOUR, AND HOW DATA, OBJECTS AND PEOPLE ARE CONNECTED IN REAL LIFE.

PRESENTED PROPOSALS WERE MOSTLY BASED ON NON-LINEAR DIGITAL LOGIC AND TACKLED THE IDEA ABOUT EVERY PROJECT CREATING A SUSTAINABLE PLATFORM THAT EVOLVES AND GIVES DESIRED OUTCOME. 44 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / HOW TO BETTER USE DIGITAL TO IMPROVE URBAN LIFE


Module 1.5:

A TOOLKIT FOR URBAN EXPLORATION led by KUBA SNOPEK


INTRO The city surrounding us should be seen as the primary source of inspiration for any urban project. The real urban life, in constant tension and transition, is strewn with thousands of ideas one can simply pick and use in design. Unexpected, unobvious imperfections in urban fabric of contemporary cities, where different urban logics collide, usage of particular areas thoroughly changes or ideology standing behind it expires, could be creatively rethought and have great potential for their further development.

AIM These are the workshop’s key principles which shape its purpose: to investigate and map particular urban area – ‘VDNKH’ Expocentre in Kyiv – that is ideologically obsolete, yet artistically valuable, and mastermind a way of tackling this space, developing strong and clear design conception.

GENERAL APPROACH With a series of tasks, including field trip to ‘VDNKH’ Expocentre, mapping, group work on the site analysis, conceptual ideas development and presentation, interdisciplinary teams of students learn how to conceptualize research findings, based on deep work with context(s).

OUTCOMES Introduction to research-based design methodology / Skills of context-oriented research / Team building skills / Conceptualization skills / Presentation skills / Design outcomes: ‘Postcards from VDNKH’.

46 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / HOW TO INVESTIGATE CITIES: A TOOLKIT FOR URBAN EXPLORERS


STUDENTS RECEIVED AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH-BASED DESIGN METHODOLOGY VISITING VDNKH EXPO CENTER IN KYIV AND CREATING POSSIBLE SCENARIOS OF ALTERNATIVE USAGE FOR SUCH LOCATIONS. AS LONG AS THIS WAS ONLY A TWO-DAY TASK, A POST-CARD WAS CHOSEN AS A MEAN OF PRESENTATION, IN ORDER TO MAKE CONCEPTS AS CONCISE AND CLEAR AS POSSIBLE. SUBJECTS COVERED WERE ABOUT ARTISTIC, RETRO-FUTURISTIC, GAMERS AND SOCIAL APPROACH.

HOW TO INVESTIGATE CITIES: A TOOLKIT FOR URBAN EXPLORERS / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / 47


FINAL CONVERSATION THAT FOLLOWED GROUP PRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE OF POP-UP SOCIETIES CONSIDERATION, EDUCATION FROM ORDINARY PEOPLE AND CITY CONTEXT IN URBAN STUDIES. 48 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / HOW TO INVESTIGATE CITIES: A TOOLKIT FOR URBAN EXPLORERS


Module 1.6:

INHABITANTS IMPROVE THEIR LIVING ENVIRONMENT led by MICHAEL ENGEL, Mariana Kuchlevska


INTRO The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) provides services worldwide in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. The diverse expertise of the federal enterprise is in demand around the globe, with the German Government, European Union institutions, the United Nations and governments of other countries all benefiting from its services. The UkrainianGerman cooperation project, “Municipal Development and Rehabilitation of the Old City of Lviv” is oriented on a urban renewal process by supporting local initiatives of house owners who intend to restore their house entrance doors or upgrade their courtyards. Besides correct rehabilitation approaches, another aim of those support measures is the involvement of private house owners and their empowering for joint actions.

AIM The aim of the Workshop is to work with a participatory approach and develop jointly with the house owners of Valova Str. Nr. 21 a variety of ideas to upgrade their courtyard. Therefore relevant circumstances, expectations, possible contributions, etc. have to be clarified.

GENERAL APPROACH The particular courtyard of Valova str. Nr. 21 is unused and in a rather run-down condition. Nevertheless it is the connecting element for all inhabitants, as they access their flats via open corridors oriented to the courtyard. By proposing alternative design and use examples, awareness among house owners for alternative spatial uses is raised and inhabitants are provoked to participate in improvement of their living environment.

OUTCOMES Introduction to Participatory approach in Municipal Development and Urban Management / Observation and semi-structured interview skills / Observation and Interview analysis and synthesis skills / Presentation to project owners / Design outcomes: Design proposals for redevelopment of the courtyard.

supported by

50 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / INHABITANTS IMPROVE THEIR LIVING ENVIRONMENT


Site visit was the first step performed by the team in order to get acquainted with the inner yard, its condition, peculiarities and problems, as well as situation around the block.

Interviews were conducted to find out the needs, expectation and desires of inhabitants and other stakeholders. INHABITANTS IMPROVE THEIR LIVING ENVIRONMENT / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / 51


Being divided in teams, students developed their ideas through group discussions under GIZ expert tutoring and compiled their design proposals on posters.

The workshop outcomes were presented on site. Design proposals were handed over for empowering the dialogue on development of the courtyard between the house residents. 52 / 2-DAY WORKSHOPS / INHABITANTS IMPROVE THEIR LIVING ENVIRONMENT


Module 1.7:

THINK AHEAD PLATFORMA: FROM RESEARCH TO IDEAS DEVELOPMENT led by THOMAS STELLMACH


GENERAL APPROACH

AIM

GENERAL THEMES: Urban areas in transformation / Planning under uncertainty

The aim of the Workshop is to find ideas for the transformation of the ArtZavod Platforma area into a creative cluster that combines cultural, leisure and productive activities, and to link these to the city as well as internally to each other. We’ll critically question existing plans, develop scenarios for the future development of the territory, identify key projects and priorities, and discuss strategies to implement them.

GENERAL TASKS: Questioning existing environment and challenging actual development plans / Creating of a desirable vision for future development / Providing an applicable set of strategies to implement FORMAT: Real case / 6-day workshop / Interdisciplinary groups of students / 5 research and project topics: holistic in content, various in scale DELIVERABLES: Research findings (maps, schemes, timelines, texts) / Vision statements (texts and illustrations) / Urban development strategies (sketches, diagrams, drawings, texts) OUTCOMES: Strategic framework for Art-Zavod Platforma site development / Slide presentations of each group on October 3, 2015 / Final booklet with the workshop results compiled by October 15, 2015 GAINED SKILLS: Interdisciplinary teamwork / Research based design / Project management / Work with real case / Communication with stakeholders / Presentation skills

OUTLINE PHASE 1: Site research on the following topics: The site in the city context (group of 3 people) The site in local context (group of 3 people) The site program and spatial structure (group of 4 people) Politics and stakeholders (group of 3 people) Zoning and navigation (group of 4 people) PHASE 2: Gathering ideas PHASE 3: Meeting with stakeholders PHASE 4: Strategies and project ideas development PHASE 5: Public presentation of the results

CONTEXT The left bank of the Dnipro River, where the project area – Art-Zavod Platforma - is located, consists mainly of large scale Soviet period residential quarters and factory complexes, strictly zoned and separated by congested roads and fragmented open spaces, lacking urban diversity. Art-Zavod Platforma is an example for undergoing larger changes: transformation of the industrial sector, increase of service economy, expectations of new generations which differ from earlier ones, lifestyles diversity. How these changes will be manifested in Kyiv is not only a question of social demand and real-estate sector needs, but also a matter of civil society development, cultural, educational and economic transformations as well as reforms in urban planning. Contemporary Ukrainian cities need a careful and situation-sensitive look into their existing urban environment in addition to the grand development plans. In this context, Art-Zavod Platforma could become a model for new urban quality places’ creation. To achieve that we should find the answers for such specific questions as: How could low-value commercial spaces (Darynok shopping mall) and places for cultural activities coexist in close proximity? How could combination of highly diverse programs (co-working, cultural & party events, retail, production, etc.) enrich the overall value and of the area? In what way we could efficiently use peaks and offpeaks of activity on Art-Zavod Platforma? How could transformation process and transitional status of the buildings – from in-use to abandoned – be phased and managed? What could be done to improve connections between Art-Zavod Platforma, surrounding areas and other city parts? The ambition to transform the old Darnytsia Silk Factory into a creative cluster is remarkable, considering the urban condition of its surroundings. The project has potential to become a catalyst for systematic development of postindustrial territories in Kyiv and in the whole Ukraine.

supported by

54 / PROJECT SIMULATOR / THINK AHEAD PLATFORMA


Module 1.7.1:

THINK AHEAD PLATFORMA: RESEARCH led by THOMAS STELLMACH


THE SITE & THE CITY team A: ANNA LEVADNA, ANDRII KOMAN, RODION FILATOV

OVERVIEW To understand the site in city context, we researched the access to Platforma territory and observed that there are two subway stations nearby and a tram depo. Furthermore, it is located near highway E95 that connects Kyiv with Browary town. However, it’s a problm to get there from the neighbor Darnitsky district as there is no direct connection.

Looking for other art clusters and co-workings in Kiev we figured out that mostly all of them are located on the right bank. We reviewed general plan of Kyiv, Kyiv Strategy 2025 and found out that there is a strong imbalance of population and working places between left and right banks. The conclusion was to develop left bank of Dnipro in order to avoid traffic issues in the city center and on the bridges.

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RESEARCH AREA

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EXISTING INDUSTRY

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TRANSPORT LINKS

TRY

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RESTRUCTURING 56 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM A

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BUS SCHEME

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SUBWAY SCHEME

BUS SCHEME Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

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CO-WORKINGS

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TRAM SCHEME

CO-WORKINGS Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

ART CLUSTERS

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TROLLEYBUS SCHEME

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Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

ART CLUSTERS TEAM A / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 57


ART CLUSTERS

ART CLUSTERS

CLOSER

CLUSTERS

CLOSER CLOSER IZOLATION CLOSER

DIYA

TELYCHKA DIYA

CLOSER

PLATFORMA

IZOLATION IZOLATION

DIYA

IZOLATION

PLATFORMA

IZOLATION

TELYCHKA 58 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM A

TELYCHKA


CONCLUSION Texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-textetexte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte-texte

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ed. he Art we ev

The accessibility to the city is well developed. Each transport system is connected with the site. However, there is no competition for Art platforma on the left bank the Dnieper. So we consider it’s better for them to orient on Kiev citizens, who live there.

TEAM A / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 59


POSTINDUSTRIAL REDEVELOPMENT team B: ANNA PASHYNSKA, DASHA PODOLTSEVA, ALEX SHUTYUK, VALYA CHABANOVA

OVERVIEW Our group was focused on navigations and also we were looking for examples of industrial zone renovations all over the world. We have found a couple of interesting cases: WUK in Wien, 798 Art Zone in Beijing, Christiania in Copenhagen. Places mentioned above have different types of ownerships, they are focused on different topic, but all of them have one thing in common: it’s all about people. In Wien, Copenhagen or Beijing people create place and bring life there. So, the important thing that Platforma need to do is to think about is how to bring people in.

CLASSIFICATION INVESTMENT / COMMERCIAL SELF MANAGEMENT MIXTURE STATE FUNDED OXO TOWER, LONDON, UK INVESTMENT / COMMERCIAL Oxo Tower Wharf is an award-winning, landmark building situated on the Riverside Walkway part of London’s fast moving South Bank and Bankside areas. It is a home to some of the UK’s most innovative and internationally renowned contemporary designers, restaurants, cafes, bars and exhibition venues. The Oxo Tower has been a riverside landmark since the 1930s. During its industrial heyday it was owned by the creators of the OXO but by the 1970s it had fallen into disrepair and was largely derelict. In the 1990s Oxo Tower Wharf entered a new lease of life when Coin Street Community Builders (CSCB) began a major refurbishment project to transform the building. The £20 million refurbishment was designed by Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands and funded by a mixture of bank loans and CSCB equity, Housing Corporation grant and English Partnerships. Since opening to the public in 1996, Oxo Tower Wharf has attracted a wide range of visitors. The ground, first and second floors are home to over 30 retail design studios as well as specialist shops, restaurant spaces with breathtaking river views, and gallery @oxo with its changing programme of exhibitions.

60 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM B


LEIPZIG COLOURED YARN MILL, GERMANY INVESTMENT / COMMERCIAL The place was built during 1879-1888 as «Saechsische Wollgarnfabrik Tittel & Krueger» and it was restorated in a period from 1998 to 2001 by architect Fuchshuber. The former Buntgarnwerke (Coloured Yarn Mill) on the shores of the Elster is regarded as one of the biggest «Wilhelminian-style» industrial monuments in Germany. Following extensive renovation, today it accommodates exclusive loft apartments, offices and professional practices.

3 ARENA, DUBLIN, IRELAND INVESTMENT / COMMERCIAL The 3Arena is a 14,500-capacity amphitheatre located at North Wall Quay in the Dublin Docklands in Dublin, Ireland, which opened on 16 December 2008. It was built on the site of the former Point Theatre,[1] a smaller music venue which operated from 1988–2007, retaining only some of the outer facade. The Point Theatre was branded as «The Point Depot», in recognition of its original role as a railway goods handling station.

CHRISTIANIA, COPENHAGEN, DENMARK SELF MANAGEMENT 340,000 sqm Self-proclaimed autonomous town in the center of Copenhagen established in 1971. Christiania is regulated by the special laws, which are different from Danish. The area of Christiania consists of the former military barracks, canals, do-it-yourself buildings. Currently in Christiania there are manufacturers, cafes, galleries, night clubs, shops, kindergartens. TEAM B / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 61


WUK, VIENNA, AUSTRIA SELF MANAGEMENT This center of workshops and culture is one of the biggest sociocultural centers in Europe (640,000 sqm). The area has a long history, starting in 1855 as Locomotive factory, then from 1933 to 1978 it was an engineering school. With a motto “save TGM” very different social groups (social workers, students, elderly, women groups, architects, artists) have started a discussion about creating an autonomous culture center. In 1979 WUK was established, first subvestion of 2.500. In 1981 – privat subvestion by Helmut Zilk of 1.000.000. In 1982 – action “wuk is no hotel” “who waits for a chief?” was performed. This is an alternative to the closed “museum temple” model. It works not for the “fine arts enrichment”, but as a reflection of social interests in art and it’s intersection, and conscious engagement in diverse activities. Around 150 house groups, initiatives and individuals work in the seven autonomous sectors: Sociopolitical Initiatives, Children and Youth, Intercultural Initiatives, dancetheatreperformance WUK, Workshops, Visual Art and Music. The workshops sector is a field of experiment and a site of production for traditional craft techniques and skills, and for innovative interdisciplinary projects in arts and crafts. It provides workshop and production spaces for artists, crafts (wo)men and interested individuals (filmmakers cooperative, sculpture, book and paper design, bicycles, lumenX laboratory, open pottery, product design, textile, workshop for wood and design.

ARENA, VIENNA, AUSTRIA SELF MANAGEMENT The Arena in Vienna Erberg is a fixed point in Vienna’s event scene and a site of subcultural history. Punk bands, trendy pop groups, music legends and Drum’n’Bass DJs appear here, one after the other. The industrial charm of the past is still present in the walls of the building. Today, graffiti adorns the old brick walls, while modern technical equipment guarantees unique concert experiences in a subcultural atmosphere - almost on a daily basis. In 1976, the former slaughterhouse was occupied by activists, who were campaigning for a rescue of the area and its use as a location for youth culture, alternative culture and counterculture. The international student movement and revolts in 1968 and the legendary Woodstock Festival with the Order of Love and Peace can be accepted as the cause of motion Arena. On the day of the festival against the razing of Naschmarkt, the groups «Butterflies» and «Keif» occurring there shouted the audience to move on in the Arena. By 22:00 approximately 1300 young people gathered in the Arena. The rescue mission turned into an occupation. More than 200,000 people are purported to have visited the premises during the occupation and Leonhard Cohen was not the only singer to describe the area as the «best place in Vienna». 62 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM B


798 ART ZONE, BEIJING, CHINA MIXTURE With a space of 640,000 sqm, 798 Art Zone is located in the territory of the former military factory which was built during the second half of the 50s. In the 80s, plants were left without funding, number of employees was reduced by 60% and production was minimized. In 1995, Beijing’s Central Academy of Fine Arts was set up there. The place becomes popular among artists and designers from all over the world. Currently in 798 Art Zone there are galleries, cafes, shops.

ROPEWALK MARKET, LONDON, UK MIXTURE Market has settled in amongst the railway arches of southeast London in the Ropewalk. Running wholesale business on the weekdays, Maltby Market boasts an incredible array of top-notch food sellers including Natoora, Neal’s Yard Dairy, Little Bread Pedlar and more — there are simply too many high quality food stalls at Maltby to know where to begin. On Saturdays, the market transforms into a lively gathering of local foodies who crave some of the freshest food in London, from heather honey from urban beekeepers London Honey Company to beer on tap from Kernel Brewery.

LEIPZIG COTTON MILL, GERMANY MIXTURE Founded in 1884, the business developed into the largest cotton mill in continental Europe over the next quarter century. The area around the mill became a city within a city – a vast industrial area consisting of over 20 factories with onsite tenement housing, schooling and recreational areas. Up to 4,000 people worked there, until production of thread was halted in 1993 following the reunification of Germany several years earlier. Since 2008 the renovation started. Total budget was 1,2 mln. Euro. The Spinnerei, as the mill is now called, was fortunate in a number of ways. First, it found brave buyers willing to gamble on revitalizing a largely derelict site. It also managed to attract a number of artists with rising international profiles, commercial art galleries began to move in: there are now 11, plus a huge exhibition space, Halle 14, covering 2,400 square metres, with a 36,000-volume reference library. Foreign artists can take advantage of residencies at the Spinnerei, usually for three to six months. Visitors can walk freely through the site, stopping in galleries and some studios.

TEAM B / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 63


CAMDEM MARKET LONDON, UK MIXTURE The market is originally operated on Sundays only, which continues to be the main trading day. Opening later extended to Saturdays for most of the market. A number of traders, mainly those in fixed premises, operate throughout the week, although the weekend remains the peak period. Since 2014, the Israeli billionaire Teddy Sagi, who accrued his fortune in the online gambling and pornography industries, has been buying property in the Camden Market area and as of March 2015, owns the four most important of the six sections of the market. Sagi intends to invest £300 million in developing the market area by 2018.

POVIDLO FACTORY, LVIV, UKRAINE MIXTURE Povidlo Factory (Jam Factory) - is a post-industrial building located in the historical part of the city - Pidzamche, on Bohdan Khmelnytsky street. Having experienced a long history of industrial production processes, the factory now is waiting for another content, which provides it with a new meaning for Pidzamche and the whole city.

THE ZOLLVEREIN COAL MINE INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX ESSEN, GERMANY STATE FUNDED The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex (german Zeche Zollverein) is a large former industrial site in the city of Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia,Germany. It has been inscribed into the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since December 14, 2001, and is one of the anchor points of the European Route of Industrial Heritage. 64 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM B


IDEAS

PEOPLE CREATE PLACE

PLACE SHOULD BE FOUND

TEAM B / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 65


CONTEXT & LOCATION team C: BOGDAN KAPATSILA, OLEKSANDRA SLADKOVA, VOLODYMYR DIDIUK

OVERVIEW A research has been done that dealt with the sites position in the scale of the Dniprovskiy district, and the typical scheme of the soviet dwelling zoning, a good connectivity to the city with two subway stations and numerous bus and tram routes have been found. It is also easy to get to the place by car, as well as it is reachable for pedestrians going by public transport, but not for the locals, who live in the sleeping district to the North.

DWELLING ZONES

Information about future bicycle route along Browarskiy Avenue has been discovered and that’s why the proposal to connect it with the territory of art-zavod “Platforma” for the convenience of visitors has been formed. At the same time, the main finding is more connected with the history of the area, while it is believed that this is the field, where the future of it is. To the North-West of the territory there are eight scientific and educational institutions, while to the South-East there is industrial cluster with numerous enterprises (students have found six, but surely there are more) which, for sure, are connected with each other through the people who work and live there, but not in terms of cooperation between institutions. A part of chain is missing, “Platforma” is proposed to fill the gap.

DWELLING ZONES

GREEN ZONES

GREEN ZONES

66 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM C

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.00 km

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.00 km


Public Transport PUBLIC TRANSPORT M Subway Station B Bus Stop

Stop T Tram PUBLIC TRANSPORT

M Subway Station B Bus Stop

MB M

T Tram Stop B T B T

CAR ACCESS

M B

M

B

B

T B

B

M

T T B

B T B CAR ACCESS

T

0.25

M B

M

B

B

T B0.50

0.75

1.00 km

B

T T B

PARKINGS

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.00 km

PARKINGS

TEAM C / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 67


PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.00 km

SMALL & ILLEGAL RETAIL

SMALL & ILLEGAL RETAIL

0.25

68 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM C

0.50

0.75

1.00 km


RETAIL

RETAIL Retail

3

Market place (new)

4 6

2

TC Vash Dim

Novus (mall)

Shops: Travers, PicNic,Patagonia, Voyentorg,Megadrive (cycling)

1

Prospect (mall),Auchan Epicenter (building material) 0.25

5

0.50

0.75

1.00 km

EDUCATION & SCIENCE

EDUCATION & SCIENCE National Cinematheque of Ukraine Kyiv National Trade and Economic University

9

2 Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry

1

Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology

4

Kyiv Professional school of Technology and Fashion Design

3

8

International Science and Technology University 0.25

0.50

0.75

1.00 km

TEAM C / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 69


INDUSTRY

1

System technologies

2 Eurometa (building materials)

Ukr OrgSyntesys (chem

3 Viyar (furniture)

FIM-center (offices), Gidrozit, Novy druk (printing), ANEG (furniture)

9

5

Glass workshop

7

8 Wood and fiberboard

NETWORKS Team B:

NETWORKS Retail Context & Location

70 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM C

4

Polirem (facad

6

Metal bas


SITE CONNECTIONS

VALUE CHAIN

FULL CYCLE CAMPUS

TEAM C / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 71


MANAGEMENT & STAKEHOLDERS team D: ANTON SUKHAR, OLEKSANDER SHEVCHENKO, YULIA ZALOMAIKINA

OVERVIEW During the research our group designed a social survey to identify the main groups of stakeholders and their opinions about the existing needs and co-operations in the area around Platforma (including Darynok market and surrounding activities). The survey was held by means of distributing the questionnaire between key groups such as: - Municipality representatives - Developer’s team - Darynok staff - Local citizens

- Festivals/events visitors The results showed the polarization of the two different micro-societies using Platforms and Darynok, while the developer aimed to integrate these two objects.

BUSINESS MODEL City Capital Group / Ofer Kerzner Darynok + Platforma Platforma 64.000 m sq

20ha 2 year

Business Park - a revolutionary new idea for Ukraine, combining the business center, shopping mall and residential area. The total area of the complex is about 20 hectares on the left bank, away from the bustling and busy city center. The combination of modern technology, developed infrastructure and a unique style of architecture buildings. A unique space for working, resting, eating and shopping Benchmarking as one of the current development principles provoked owners of Art-factory Platforma to compare own business processes to industry bests or best practices from other companies. In the process of best practice benchmarking, management identifies the best firms in their industry, or in another industry where similar processes exist, and compares the results and processes of those studied (the «targets») to one’s own results and processes. Borough Market in London, as a prototype for the Platforma, involves quality goods to sale but also creates the atmosphere of additional uses .

Platformas managers brought to the surface idea of incubator for ideas and opportunities. In one place they gather representatives of creative industries and provide them an opportunity to work there. Art-Zavod Platforma also supports start-ups. The managing team considers various projects and provides assistance. An example may be Aventures or Microsoft BizSpark. 72 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM D


QUESTIONNAIRE Municipal Municipal

Within the frame of the study our team have identified some certain groups of stakeholders and developed a questionnaire. We aimed to understand how local authorities, local residents, workers of Darynok and others interact within the Art-Zavod Platforma. Answers to questions highlighted Localsinteresting trends.

Owners

RESEARCH TARGET STAKEHOLDERS GROUPS.

Owners

Locals

Varies from young till old 0-20

20-30

30-40

40-50

50-60

60-70

Lo l Local

Locals Coworkers

Darynok

Public

Coworkers

Darynok

Public

Owners Owne O wnerss

Mu Munic Municipalities M Municipalitie un unicipalitie nicipalities n cipalities p l ttieess

Coworkers Coworker Coworke C oworker oworkers oworke workers rrss

Owners Public

Locals Da y k Darynok Public bli Public

Different stakeholders pose the platform in different ways. For example, municipality and local residents see this project as a cultural. At the same time workers of Darynok identify the Platforma as something that connects business and culture. For the IT specialists Platforma acts as a bridge between business and charity.

Also, our team created a fast simulation of what is happening in the Art-Factory Platform and identified the age categories of visitors. We analysed not only the current situation but also new ways of attracting more visitors with different age range.

FROM YOUR OPINION WHAT IS THE AIM OF PLATFORMA?

AGE VARIES FROM YOUNG TILL OLD.

Darynok

Public

Business

Charity

-Owners -Darynok -IT

-It(start up)

Cultural

-Municipal -Owners -Locals -Darynok

cultral, but supporting became business...

TEAM D / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 73


QUESTIONNAIRE IS THERE A LINK BETWEEN PLATFORMA & DISTRICT? How the object interacts with its environment is a key factor of district integrity. Owners of Art-Zavod Platforma see their area as a specific city in the city. Locals do not see the relationship between Art-Factory Platform and district.

Platforma

WHAT IS YOUR OWN INTEREST IN PLATFORMA? Now most visitors attend Art-Factory Platform for temporary events. The increase of a number of regular customers, such as coworkers for example, will attract new types of activity and tighten the development of infrastructure of the site.

Entertainment Owners IT

+ -

in e city v i t a e r ac & evelop anted l a t r o ...we d mf osyste city Ec e... creativ

District

Darynok Public

teamwork | interesting events | entertaiment | for children | food Now: coworking festivals

Future:

shops, permanent food court, bar-club increased coworking* Municipalities Owners It Darynok Public

Eco system; creative system Education; recreation Entertainment Entertainment

74 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM D

WHAT IS THE OUTCOME OF PLATFOTMA? Various stakeholders have a different idea of what is happening in the territory of Art-Factory Platform.


improvement of the public space

bad navigation

It’s ok!

Perhaps, there is a link to the transport mode

using personal car

getting by public transport

locals grow up there

ARE THERE ANY INCOVENIENCES IN PLATFORMA YOU WOULD LIKE TO CHANGE? It is interesting that on the issue of improving the condition of the plant all respondents answered based on the fact they get to the location.

same developer

owners coworkers municipality foodcort visitors

X

DO YOU VISIT BOTH DARYNOK & PLATFORMA? The most interesting results showed the answers to the last question. Our team traced the relationship between ArtFactory Platforma and Darynok. They are located on the same territory and belong to the same developer. Despite this Art-Factory Platforma and Darynok attract completely different types of visitors and do not overlap. TEAM D / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 75


SPACE & PROGRAMME team E: JAROSLAV JAKOVLEV, MARIIA KUPRIIAN, SASHA GORENIUK, TANYA ABRAMOVA

OVERVIEW Our research was to identify how site is working today and which possibilities it has in the future. Main attention was focused on site access and site programs. Research showed that all main public transport hubs are situated on the north of the site but the entrances are on

the East only. So there is a conclusion that it’s important to develop north entrances to make access easier for clients. We also analyzed the main site areas, which include green/ hard surface, parking, unused spaces, etc. Other part of research was aimed on program ideas. We identified that there is only few programs that are happening on regular days while a lot of them happening on weekends only.

ACCESS EXISTING A - main entrance from parkings B - secondary access (Lisova) C - emergency access (overcrowded parkings)

B C

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

LACK OF ACCESS

76 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM E

A


SITE aspects OPENED Huge open spaces for crowd gathering in 1 level - yards, patios, lawns, piazzas.

CLOSED Different spaces for manufacturing and coworking hangars, corridors, multileveled flatitudes, rooms, boxes.

COMPLICATED Industrial background with a lot of micro spaces divided with spatial constructions - parkings, fences, 1-2-storied barns, garages, frames, tubes etc.

TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 77


3D MASSING MODEL

BUILDINGS: DARYNOK

52 000 m2

BUILDINGS: ARTZAVOD

36 000 m2

GREEN SURFACES

HARD SURFACES

32 679 m2 112 660 m2

PARKINGS

40 216 m2

78 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM E


3D MASSING MODEL

UNUSED SPACE

54 931 m2

EVERYDAY USING

VISITORS ONLY

DEMOLISH ? TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 79


PROGRAMMES

EXISTING - Co-working (mostly IT) http://www.coworkingplatforma.com/ - Manufactory producing decoration for films and the festivals happening on Platforma - Pop-up club Litera3 https://www.facebook.com/literathree - Food-court place - Market place - Place for gallery - Place for festivals (restaurant day) - 3 parking places - A lot of empty spaces 80 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM E


TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 81


PROGRAMMES: CLOUD OF IDEAS

manufacturing - electronic car factory - local crafts + retail - bikers garage and workshops with racing places - manufacturing open co-working with all tools needed (wood, glass, clay etc.) - co-working for fashion industry with show-rooms market place and podium + fashion institute - food-industry co-working and institute - guitar | drums fabric - puppet doll ws - patchwork ws -biotechnology centre that is growing organs and cloning people - robototechnic ws with a fair - garbage recycling plant with creative laboratories - urban cosmetics and media faรงade laboratory - product design and furniture - small-scale air modelling studio - linocuts - bicycle repair place with specific stands and masters - alternative coffee ws - 3d printer

agriculture - aquaponics - mushroom farm - shrimp farm - green roof - community gardens - water recycling - tree orphanage - bees rooftop - eco-city farming - vertical farming - zoo with cows - Mother Farm branch - fruit garden continuous bloom and bees

82 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM E

education - working place for blind people or for those one who want to try how to live like that - IT+tech campus + educational programs + incubator - live science school laboratories - CANactions branches activities - calligraphy scriptorium - old books restoration workshop - cooking courses - dancing classes - music academy with classic, ancient and modern types of musical educational programs (like a DJ-ing and on-line music production) - FutureEverything cluster for creating futurism models - social urban studies institute - space investigating centre with observatory - open space kindergarden like one made by Takaharu Tezuka in Japan - art school for children and grow-ups together (painting, cinema, photo, theatre, opera) - open educational platform where everybody can propose classes to other - book publishing house with lithography workshops and literature clubs - co-working for moms, women business education programs with playgrounds, kindergartens and schools - gig place for jazz musicians


sport & entertainment - skatepark with making music - IT urban golf in Oculus - parkour courses - yoga on the roof - extreem dance (exploring) - batut = big soft rabbit - bungee!!! - climbing sports school - boxing and wrestling arena for relaxation - rope park inside of the building - autodrome - platform for real game simulator (quests and simulators of famous online games) - shooter - multileveled SPA - aqua park - beach with poll with surfing waves - jumping from the roof terrace on the rescue pillow in the yard - crash place - where you come to destroy things - streetball yards

art & culture

residental & hospitality - restaurant with locally produced food - conference centre - microbrewery from materials that grew at Platforma plant - hospital of holistic medicine with orphanage - post-office - barbershop-library with barbers-writers - temple for one of few religious confessions - recreation retreat zone with place to stay there - helicopter parking place - food market with products made by grannies from suburbs and by local hand-made producers - beauty salon - open-air summer hostel - “China Town” - artist residence programme - “city in the city” with homes on the roofs with own agriculture technologies and sun batteries - budget housing district - TV studio - squat caffee

- theater and cinema production studio + cinema halls dance theater - space for performances (yoga and other similar activities) - endless music festival: 24hours | 7day per week | 365 day in a year) - live art museum - art that’s created just behind you and gallery with live performances - Lenin twin museum with Leninopad presentations - sex museum | investigation of body - modern library with BookWorm festival - comics fans factory with cosplay festivals, and comics school - retrospective live museum recreate part of silk factory to simulate life of that times - modern artists gallery with classes - opera without decorations - radio station

TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 83


PROPOSAL LIBRARY CALLIGRAPHY SCRIPTORIUM OLD BOOK RESTORATION

BEES ROOFTOP COMMUNITY VERTICAL FARMING

3D PRINTERS LAB WATER RECYCLING

OPEN EDUCATIONAL PLATFORM

STREET FURNITURE DESIGN

URBAN GOLF MANUFACTURY WITH OPEN ACCESS

GARBAGE RECYCLING ART PLANT

ELECTRONIC CAR FACTORY BIKERS GARAGE|BYCICLE WORKSHOP

84 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / TEAM E


ROOF GARDENING

POP-UP STORE ECO-LAVKA

ROOF YOGA MUSIC CLASSES WITH DANCES

COOKING UNIVERSITY OPEN SPACE KINDERGARDEN

ART-SCHOOL FOR CHILDREN

PARKOUR ACADEMY LIVE SCIENCE SCHOOL LABS IT-TECH CAMPUS

TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: RESEARCH / 85


Module 1.7.2:

THINK AHEAD PLATFORMA: IDEAS led by THOMAS STELLMACH


THE SITE & THE CITY team A: ANNA LEVADNA, ANDRII KOMAN, RODION FILATOV

OVERVIEW Having analyzed Platforma site in the city scale, we understood that it could be of much more importance than even in Eastern Europe scale. We analyzed trends for the next 15 years and made a possible development strategy of Platforma territory until 2030. Moreover, we identified possible audience of the site and divided it in 4 main groups. We assumed that the function of Platforma could change a lot depending on society needs and made an assumption that the number of public and private transport is going to increase more and more in future. Therefore, we tried to create a strategy that will make Platforma accessible for all 4 groups of visitors and tried to make the territory more friendly and open for people. CONNECTIONS WITH PLATFORMA

TRENDS TEAM A / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 87


UKRAINE

DOWNTOWN OF KYIV 88 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM A


ART CLUSTERS IN KYIV

COWORKINGS IN KYIV TEAM A / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 89


LOCALS, INDUSTRY, EDUCATION

OUR DAYS

2015 2020 2025 2030

90 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM A


CHANGES IN 5 YEARS - development of the park - new bus-tram station - new multi level parkings

- boulevard - commercial development

2015 2020 2025 2030 TEAM A / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 91


CHANGES IN 10 YEARS - development of transport hubs - metro/ P+R multi level parkings - pedestrian bridge

- metro/ bus-tram station - commercial development - business development

2015 2020 2025 2030 92 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM A


CHANGES IN 15 YEARS - development in eastern direction - new infrastructure stripe

- commercial development - business development

2015 2020 2025 2030 TEAM A / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 93


RESULT

2015 2020 2025 2030

94 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM A


PLACE SHOULD BE FOUND team B: ANNA PASHYNSKA, DASHA PODOLTSEVA, ALEX SHUTYUK, VALYA CHABANOVA

OVERVIEW Our group was focused on the navigation. The main idea is that place should be found. We divided our research in three different parts: - local scale - area scale - city scale. It’s important to emphasize that we were working with current situation and suggest solutions that can

PLACE SHOULD BE FOUND

be implemented in the first instance. We have used Platforma’s logo “П” for all navigation. One of the ideas is to create a dominant visual symbol with Platforma’s logo. Key points in local scales are entrances, parkings and foot paths from metro stations. In area scale our suggestion is to pay attention to park DSHK, which have a huge potential both for Platforma and for locals. Also we have chosen “collecting points” in the area where potentially interested in Platforma people gather. Talking about city scale it would be useful to make pop-up events all over the city and to organize transportations for those who want to visit Platforma. After all, the place will be found.

CONNECTION LEVELS LOCAL SCALE AREA SCALE CITY SCALE

ENTRANCES LOCAL SCALE

ENTRANCES

- 4 ENTRANCES OPEN FOR PUBLIC- 4 ENTRANCES OPEN FOR PUBLIC - VISIBLE - COLOUR AND NUMBER IDENTIFICATION

- VISIBLE - COLOUR AND NUMBER IDENTIFICATION - CARS AND PEDESTRIANS ACCESS - ONE ADDRESS FOR ALL ENTRANCES

PEDESTRIANS PEDESTRIANS

- NAVIGATION AROUND ENTRANCE AREA

- CARS AND PEDESTRIANS ACCESS

CARS CARS

- ONE ADDRESS FOR ALL ENTRANCES

PEDESTRIANS

- NAVIGATION AROUND ENTRANCE AREA

CARS

LOCAL SCALE

TEAM B / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 95


DECISSION POINTS LOCAL SCALE LISOVA

CHERNIHIVSKA

PARKING PARKING LOCAL SCALE

- ROAD SIGNS FOR CARS - PARKING SIGNS

TAXI RANKS - -ROAD SIGNS FOR CARS - ELECTRONIC SCREEN FOR

- PARKING SIGNS AVAILABLE SPACES

ELECTRO CAR CHARGER - -TAXI RANKS

- ELECTRONIC SCREEN FOR AVAILABLE SPACES - ELECTRO CAR CHARGER

LOCAL SCALE

96 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM B


FOOT PATH FROM METRO STATIONS LOCAL SCALE FOOT PATH FROM METRO STATIONS LISOVA

- LISOVA NAVIGATION ON THE METRO PLATFORM, -EXITS NAVIGATION ON THE METRO PLATFORM, EXITS

- -CLEAR PATH CLEAR PATH

NAVIGATION ON ON THE STREET - -NAVIGATION THE -STREET DARYNOK ENTRANCE SIGNS FOR PLATFORMA

- DARYNOK ENTRANCE - NAVIGATION INSIDE DARYNOK SIGNS FOR PLATFORMA + SELL POINTS FOR AUDIENCES OF

DARYNOK AND PLATFORMA - NAVIGATION INSIDE DARYNOK - SIGNS WHEN EXITING DARYNOK TO FOODCOURT

- SELL POINTS - PLATFORMA ENTRANCE FROM FOR AUDIENCES DARYNOK FOODCOURT OF DARYNOK AND PLATFORMA - SIGNS WHEN EXITING DARYNOK TO FOODCOURT - PLATFORMA ENTRANCE FROM DARYNOK FOODCOURT LOCAL SCALE

FOOT PATH FROM CHERNIHIVSKA METRO STATIONS - NAVIGATION ON THE CHERNIHIVSKA METRO PLATFORM, EXITS - NAVIGATION ON THE METRO - UNDERGROUND PLATFORM, EXITS FOOTPATH SIGNS - UNDERGROUND FOOTPATH SIGNS

- DIRECTION SIGNS NEAR - DIRECTION SIGNS NEAR METRO EXITS METRO EXITS - TURNING POINT SIGN

- TURNING POINT SIGN - PARK ENTRANCE SIGNS - NAVIGATION IN THE PARK - PARK ENTRANCE SIGNS - PARK EXIT SIGNS AND MAP OF EXIT

- NAVIGATION IN THE PARK CHOICES - PARK EXIT SIGNS AND MAP OF EXIT - CHOICES

LOCAL SCALE

TEAM B / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 97


COLLECTING POINTS AREA SCALE

E

LLS:

ENT

- LENINGRADSKA SQUARE - NEAREST SHOPPING MALLS: - PROSPECT - NOVUS - NEAREST PARKS: - PARK KIOTO - PARK SLAVY - RUSANIVSKA EMBANKMENT

98 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM B


AREA ROUTES AREA SCALE AREA ROUTES - BRANDED CYCLE ROUTES FOR LOCALS (UP TO 5 KM) BRANDED CYCLE ROUTES - -BRANDED WALKING FOR LOCALS (UPTO TO 52KM) ROUTES (UP KM) - BRANDED WALKING ROUTES (UP TO 2 KM)

AREA SCALE

DOMINANT VISUAL SYMBOL

TEAM C / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 99


TRANSPORT CITY SCALE

NSPORT

RANKS & COMPATIBLE ES! - TAXI RANKS & TLE BUSES TRANSPORT COMPATIBLE PRICES!

ING MANAGEMT - SHUTTLE BUSES

RANKS & COMPATIBLE R CAR- -TAXI NAVIGATION PARKING MANAGEMT PRICES! OVER THE CITY, - SHUTTLE BUSES ES MAP AND OPTIONS - CLEAR CAR NAVIGATION - PARKING MANAGEMT ALL OVER THE CITY, ROUTES MAP AND - CLEAR CAR NAVIGATION OPTIONS ALL OVER THE CITY, ROUTES MAP AND OPTIONS

CITY SCALE

SCALE 100 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM B

POP UP EVENTS


CONTEXT & LOCATION team C: BOGDAN KAPATSILA, OLEKSANDRA SLADKOVA, VOLODYMYR DIDIUK

OVERVIEW The place can become a full-cycle campus, connecting scientific and educational institutions with industries and supplies through various design and hi-tech manufacturing labs, having enough place for showrooms and administration. This will also allow attracting young talents from all around and involve locals who already work nearby. The cooperation in fields of food and design can give art-zavod “Platforma” apart from material benefits, a possibility to support education and still be a good place for entertainment.

Authors also suppose that concentration of different kinds of creative and manufacturing activities can create unpredicted synergies and thus give “Platforma” an opportunity to alienate market with even more types of activities and products. This theory is explained on the example of peas, that are nurtured on the roof and inspire designers to create new pea-shaped and pea-affected patterns and prototypes. On the other hand it is emphasized to use and develop “Platforma” as eco-friendly environment, as there is a possibility to collect water from the “Darynok” roof; ; implement new types and means of energy and its production, in order to make this place convenient for people to live and for peas to grow.

Dwelling Team zones & Location NETWORKS Retail B: Context DYNAMIC

FOOD

INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE AND MEDICAL ECOLOGY

NATIONAL TRADE AND ECONOMIC UNIVERSITY

Program for the renewal and development of the site

Activists and participants of “Eco KNTEU” program

ART-ZAVOD “PLATFORMA” Place for gardenig, product sale, cooking workshops

“NOVY DRUK”

WOOD, METAL BASE

TEAM C / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 101


+

FOOD FESTIVAL BOOK AGRICULTURE COOKERY “PLATFORMA”

- URBAN GARDENING FOOD WORKSHOP GARDEN CAFE - FOOD FESTIVAL

- COOKERY BOOK - FOOD WORKSHOP - GARDEN CAFE

UE VALUE

102 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM C

ENTERTAINMENT

DESIGN

FOOD

EDUCATION


DESIGN INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY

PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY AND FASHION DESIGN Design projects and production

INSTITUTE OF BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND PETROCHEMISTRY

ART-ZAVOD “PLATFORMA”

Cutting edge technologies

Facilities for design, production, curating and display

“UKR ORGSYNTESYS”

CINEMATHEQUE

Supplies, synthes

Video production, installations

+ PRODUCTION

INDUSTRIAL DESIGN “PLATFORMA”

- DESIGN ECO DESIGN MANUFACTURING FASHION DESIGN - INDUSTRIAL DESIGN INTERIOR DESIGN - ECO DESIGN - FASHION DESIGN - INTERIOR DESIGN TEAM C / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 103


WATER RECYCLING

ECO

ECO ENERGY

GARBAGE USAGE

- WATER RECYCLING - GARBAGE USAGE - SUPEUSE - ECO ENERGY

INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE AND MEDICAL ECOLOGY Program for the renewal and development of the site

ART-ZAVOD “PLATFORMA” Facilities for design, production, curating and display

INSTITUTE OF BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND PETROCHEMISTRY Cutting edge technologies

INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY

GIVE PEAS A CHANCE

“UKR ORGSYNTESYS”

BUILDING MATERIALS

Supplies, synthes

Supplies

GIVE PEAS A CHANCE! 104 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM C


PLATFORMA CURATED DEVELOPMENT team D: ANTON SUKHAR, OLEKSANDER SHEVCHENKO, YULIA ZALOMAIKINA

OVERVIEW At the second stage of the workshop our team focused on development of the idea/concept and spatial solutions to reach the stated aim. Using the cloud of ideas created by all groups we identified a set of activities potentially possible in the art-cluster. This analysis was complemented by identifying key groups of Platforma users and filling each group profile by activities in fields of: - Education - Manufacturing - Art & Culture - Agriculture - Sport and Leisure - Residence & Hospitality These six groups were distributed on the territory of the object due to a specific set of parameters such as loudness level, visitors’ density. So the parameters change

gradually across the area. The concept is to bring all the aforementioned activities together under a common conceptual umbrella that was built around the creation of a specific landmark at Platforma – The Wall. The ideological function is to make it a gathering and distributing point for all visitors by means of colour, interactive facade, mobile applications. The practical function is efficient navigation of the visitors around the site. To order the temporal development of the object our team drew a stage diagram to initiate gradual successful development. Two main core issues were identified as Manufacturing and Education that will lead other activities to corresponding level. Perhaps the proposed model is not ideal while implementation so we allow a certain level of flexibility and adjustment by possible use of social statistics from the interactive wall.

ZONING The next step for the curated development of the Platforma was careful spatial distribution of each of the zone with a dominant element between Darynok and Platforma - the Wall.

TEAM D / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 105


SOCIAL PROFILE

The society around the object was divided into key groups so every group profile was filled with a specific set of activities according to interests analysis. CONTENT FIELDS

STAKEHOLDERS

MANUFACTURING

AGRICULTURE

EDUCATION

SPORT & ENTERTAINMENT

ART & CULTURE

RESIDENTIAL & HOSPITALITY

LOCALS

- CRAFT TOOL - BICYCLE REPEAR - PUPPET DOOLS - GARBAGE RECYCLE

- GREEN FARMING - VERTICAL FARMING

- WORKSHOPS FOR DISABLED PEOPLE - PROGRAM FOR FAMILIES

- BASKETBALL TEAM - PETANQUE - WALL CLIMBING - PARKOUR

- CINEMA / FOOTBALL TV - SILK FACTORY OVERVIEW - RADIO STATION

- LOCAL PRODUCT RESTAURANT - BREWERY - SQUAT

COWORKERS

- PRODUCT DESIGN - FURNITURE - 3D PRINTING - LINOCUT

- ECO PRODUCTS

- IT TECH CAMPUS - EVENING LECTURES

- JOGA - PILATES

- GIG PLACE - JAM DESIGN - MODERN ART GALLERY - CRASH PLACE

- VEGAN FOOD - BARBER SHOP - BEAUTY SALON - HOSTEL

FAR LOCALS (leſt bank, Brovary, Boryspil)

- LOCAL CRAFTS MANUFACTURING

- LOCAL MARKET

- LOCAL CRAFTS EDUCATION PROGRAMM

- CHILDREN GROUND - STREATBALL

- THEATRE - MODERN LIBRARY

- COFFEE ROASTERY - ARTISTS RESIDENCE

FESTIVALS / CONSERTS

- VINIL SHOP - GUITAR FABRIC - ALTERNATIVE COFFEE

- FESTIVAL OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF AGRICULTURE

- HAСKATHONS

- HEALTHY LIFESTYLE FESTIVALS

- ART FESTIVALS

- STREET FOOD - KYIV MARKET

EDUCATION / MANUFACTURING (5 km radius area)

- SPECIFIC PRODUCTION

- WORKSHOPS IN AGRICULTURE FIELD - FOOD BUSINESS INSTITUTE

- WORKSHOPS

- MASTER CLASSES

- THEATRE SCHOOL - MUSIC SCHOOL - MAGICIANS CLUB

- CONFERENCES

PATHES The wall of Darynok should become a place for the collection and distribution of visitors. The wall will be divided into several sections, each of which refers to some certain activity that takes place on the territory

106 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM D

of the site. The means of communications of the wall are visual installations, interactive fasades, vertical and horisontal elements corresponding to each sector.


CONCEPT

TEAM D / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 107


VOLUME GRADIENT

The careful management of the Platforma can be set based on a specific list of parameters that define gradual change of the area. As an example a volume

gradient map can depict the change of the loudness in the object.

FLOWS Manufacturing

Education

short term:

Residence & Hospitality

medium term:

long term:

Agriculture / Sport Monitoring

Owners can not run everything simultaneously so it was decided to identify some steps of filling the space of the Art-Zavod Platforma. 108 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM D

Art & Culture

Manufacturing and education will serve as a starting point. They will have to involve local residents and bright minds to the Art-Factory Platform.


STAGES OF GROWTH 1

2

3

4

5

TEAM D / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 109


SELF-ORGANISED COMMUNITY team E: JAROSLAV JAKOVLEV, MARIIA KUPRIIAN, SASHA GORENIUK, TANYA ABRAMOVA

OVERVIEW

WHERE IS ART?

Our group was working with ideas of site development. Our topic was to show how giving some freedom to artist can transform Platforma to real art-cluster through selforganized community phenomena.

Platforma needs to invite new kind of residents, actually an artistic ones.

This is an approach based on simultaneous development of all site area that helps to reach the goal to create a real profitable art-cluster at Platforma within: - shorter time-period - less investments - less of effort from administration part The main idea is to give space that is not used on day time basis to creators that can organize it by themselves. That will create an artistic community in a short-term period and will attract a lot of people to participate.

ART-ZAVOD NOW For now Art-Zavod Platforma is a place for festivals held on weekends only and co-working with IT specialization. The last ones are almost only residents, who spend week day time at site.

- MANUFACTORY - DESIGN - coworking MEDIA ART - SOUND ART - PERFORMANCE - ANIMATION

- INSTALLIATION - PHOTOGRAPHY - CINEMATOGRAPHY - MUSIC - THEATRE

BLIND SPOTS / POTENTIAL:

Space that nobody uses on a daily basis is a potential place for creators. So the only thing that Platforma has to do is to give it for free or propose with low prices for artistic residents and giving them freedom to organize the place.

PROPOSAL

SPACE FOR CREATORS library calligraphy scriptorium old book restoration

roof gardening community vertical farming

pop-up store eco-lavka

3d printers lab water recycling

open educational platform

roof yoga music classes with dances street furniture design

cooking university open space kindergarden

urban golf manufactury with open access

art-school for children

garbage recycling art plant

electronic car factory bikers garage|bycicle workshop

110 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM E

parkour academy live science school labs IT-tech campus

Everyday Festivals use


You can take the place. Low infrastructure but free. Would you take it?

YES SELF-ORGANISATION:

FROM ANARCHY TO MANAGEMENT:

Artist creating with passion will share it with love in their works, and this will attract a lot of people to the site and will create a profit.

In theory of self-organized communities having not a management system but freedom - everything will be creative but a bit chaotic. With time flowing the residents of such kind of community start to interact between each other, that will lead to some organizational form any way.

LOVE

PASSION

MONEY

CHAOTIC

INTERACTION

ORGANISED

HOW IT WORKS? Creators generating new ideas permanently or new residents will appear and this will make some kind of creative DNA of Platforma.

M

QUANTITY

HOW NETWORKS Retail DNASITOFWORKS? PLATFORMA

RE A NS T AI

DNA

M

CR EA T

IVE

QUANTITY

Creators start doing some works or inventing some trends and then early adopters (people who are ready to be the first to try something new) following them through educational processes attract people masses and idea NETWORKS DNAS Retail HOW ITOFWORKS? PLATFORMA becomes a mainstream.

TION

CREATIVE EDUCATION

ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE

CREATIVE MANUFACTURE

TEMPERATURE OF CREATIVITY

CREATIVE CREATIVE EDUCATION EDUCATION

PLATFORMA

CREATIVE CREATIVE EDUCATION EDUCATION PLATFORMA PLATFORMA

PLATFORM EVOLUTION

PLATFORMA PLATFORMA

TIME

TIME

ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE

am B: Context Team&B: Location Context & Location ATFORM TWORKS EVOLUTION PLATFORM NETWORKS EVOLUTION

EDUCA

ART-IN-RESIDENCE

ART-IN-RESIDENCE

TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 111


No rules art space - it`s a place of totally freedom. Artists can create their masterpieces and this space without any restrictions or push.

We identified artists-in-residents space in existing Litera 3 building, where more organised place will be with different workshops for artists. 112 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM E


We imagine Platforma like a potential educational hub. Also, this educational platform would be a connecting link from self-organised community to institutional.

Hi-Tech community can attract young scientists and enthusiasts to create projects, which can combine with artists’ installations, performances and be a part of it. TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 113


PEOPLE CREATE PLACE, ATMOSPHERE. PEOPLE ARE THE MAIN VALUE. SO LET THE PEOPLE WORK.

114 / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / TEAM E


TEAM E / PROJECT SIMULATOR: IDEAS / 115


supported by


BLOCK #2 EXPLORING THE CITY FROM WITHIN Block #2:


As an integrative part of the “CANactions-methodology”, field work is crucial step towards formation of an “Urban Constitution”. This field work contains three main stages (preparation, a week-long site visit to Ivano-Frankivsk, and development of narratives).

IVANO-FRANKIVSK FIELD WORK: walking, talking, thinking

A preparatory week gave us insights into rich historical layers of the city; data and maps had been carefully arranged and linked to the particular institution/person who might be potential information multiplier. Field-work itself gave us opportunity to get to know local and regional trends invisible from the Kiev-perspective. Finally, development of certain narratives (urban stories) served as foundation for yet undeveloped hypothesis, which we tested/confronted/ refuted with the help of SWOT-analysis and a Strategic Framework Development. All this material was a precondition for later creating five Tactical Interventions, which we saw as a feasible and actor-centered approach with clear linkages to a strategic level of Urban Constitution. By doing so, we tried to question the tactic-strategy dichotomy and develop interventions in which time and scenario-thinking play key role. Those tactical interventions were also the result of using collective inquiry as a method of engaged research, focusing on processes, shared knowledge and collective reflections rather than short-term visual provocations. In our attempt to re-discover what the role of “Urbanist” is in the current dramatic transformation of Ukraine, we were from the very beginning confronted with conventional methods of field-research based on collection of data provided by “experts”. The School avoided a very common situation in which authorities or local-activists “tell their story”, resulting in a biased view of the situation. This was done by mapping of stakeholder relations, dérive based interviews and institutional pranks. As an example, presenting ourselves as a delegation from Germany willing to cooperate with “Gas & Oil University”, gave as much better insight into non-transparent relation of International Office and foreign students coming to Ivano-Frankivsk. Sometimes even extracted bits of everyday practices, such as old man picking the leaves from the street (although not being in charge), gave us a more complete picture of certain social relations or institutional weaknesses. The arrogant birds-eye view of a “Great Architect” has been replaced by a sensitivity for detail, openness to the unusual and curiosity for the invisible. We used a technique of ever changing optics and spatial-scales, avoiding “best practices” and allowing temporal characteristics of the particular place (smell, sound, social friction or spatial uncertainty) to become components of the research. This forensic approach to urbanism helped us to understand tactical methods not just as a way to evade the current urban strategy, but rather as a tool that allows multiple plots of development. The students were divided into five focus groups which were used to explore the city from particular angles, yet still allowed freedom for cross-disciplinary experiments and individual actions. The day was structured as follows: after-breakfast there was a short check-in where the day plans were discussed. This was followed by group or individual fieldwork including pre-scheduled interviews with stakeholders. The day finished with consultation with tutors and quick data sorting/exchange. Informal chats over beer at the end of the day are also considered as important part of the research and general group spirit.

118 / IVANO-FRANKIVSK FIELD WORK: WALKING, TALKING, THINKING


Ecology Group was focusing on the phenomenon of natural resources being hijacked from citizen’s everyday life (two rivers as urban periphery) and the great history of gas exploitation which defines current educational migration patterns. Their exploration of multiple barriers for pedestrians willing to enjoy rivers became a basis for joking commentary on Google’s inability to realistically estimate distance and walking time to and from such places. Culture & Heritage Group explored cultural hybrids that have developed in the city from its disjointed urban history, resulting in so-called Ivano-Frankinstein, which was a metaphor represented as an imaginary portrait of a local cultural actor. Students managed to connect research on particular anthropological characteristics of the city with its heritage in danger, exploring the visual and semiotic mess that the urban fabric is facing. Economy Group extended the notion of resources, seeing potential in human capital and rich migration patterns that resulted in a flourishing network of financial remittances from abroad back into the Frankivsk region. This particular view on the city, supported by research about investments in the housing market (instead of bank savings), formed the basis for a tactical intervention that connects residual industrial places with new forms of housing. Infrastructure Group investigated formal and informal human-infrastructure around international students and possibilities for intervention in the domain of transportation. Their approach combined insider information with official planning documents and proved multiple disconnections between administration sectors. The idea of decentralizing markets as a core principle to shift transportation patterns seems to be an innovative way in dealing with what appears at first glance to be merely a technical problem. Politics & Society Group found itself in specific temporal moment of Ivano-Frankivsk – the local and mayoral election. This situation completely twisted communication about urban development (and the future in general), becoming a fascinating field for observation of urban promises, clashing statements and unusual alliances. Finally, the group managed to visualize the relations among all political subjects including the church, presenting a synthesis diagram as an analytical tool for reading spatial anomalies of the city. The results of all groups’ work created a dynamic archive which was used as a basis for developing tactical interventions. Stepping back after fieldwork and focusing on global trends which were also found in Ivano-Frankivsk helped students to reflect, compare, identify distinctions and peculiarities. Last but not least, a new approach toward fieldwork was important from the pedagogical point of view, allowing students to liberate themselves from the rigid educational past based on frontal learning. Miodrag Kuč

IVANO-FRANKIVSK FIELD WORK: WALKING, TALKING, THINKING / 119


STANISLAV ELDORADO ecology team: DASHA PODOLTSEVA, OLEKSANDER SHEVCHENKO, MARIIA KUPRIIAN

With early 19th century references to oil extraction through the artisanal wells starts the story about oil and gas in the so called Western Ukraine oil and gas pool. Source the vector of region development.

The high-valued resource oil and gas broadly impacted every cell of town development throughout the 20th century being along with timber source the vector of region development.

ECOLOGY / FIELD TRIP / 121


in the routes of industry

The graph represents the distribution of oil and gas exploitation in Western Ukraine region.

Starting from the end of 19th century the exploitation of oil and gas in the region was developing according to historical and industrial context. Oil extraction has two peaks in 1930s during Polish times of region (but with low investments from the government) and in 1960s, while being exploited

by USSR with majority of big deposits found. Due to gas extraction specificity it was developed later in 1970s.By the estimations a significant amount of gas was just released to the atmosphere in 1910-1920s not being used.

Since the beginning of oil and gas industrial development era, Western Ukraine region was called ‘second California’ due to huge resources at that time.

A timeline with global prices for oil during 20th century

Analysing this trend may be useful to understand global trends in oil and gas field. Two big players were forming to a certain extend the market of carbonates – USSR and Saudi

Arabia. The exploitation of the Western Ukraine pool is characterised by average low price with further increase on the background of the Syberian deposits development.

A timeline of administrative belonging of Western Ukraine region between 1860 and 2015 122 / FIELD TRIP / ECOLOGY


Different uses of oil and gas for human purposes is schematically illustrated in a sequence of objects

In the second half of 19th century oil was more and more used for lighting in form of lamps and utilized for street lights in 1920-30s. Due to economic crisis in 1930s next step of development came only in 1940s, when more sources were explored. It gave a new push to industry

of pipes, gas ovens, water heaters. At this point industry split into two different branches – oil and gas. Chemical synthesis and fuel production were based on the oil availability. Gas was used to support mainly heating of the houses and functioning of the factories.

Temporal scheme of infrastructure system development in Western Ukraine oil and gas region

In accordance with gas development peaks, gas transportation system developed intensively in period between 1922-1984. Natural gas was exported from Western Ukraine to Russia, Belarus, Latvia, Czechoslovakia,

Hungary, and further to the Western Europe. As a conversion for already developed gas deposits are gas reservoirs, which cumulatively form the biggest gas storage in Europe.

Main transit gas arteries pass close to Ivano-Frankivsk

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First flame in the Moskow gas oven was sponsored by Western Ukrainian gas

Photo fixation of gas routes in the city

ПАСІЧНА

ВАТ ПОЛІМЕР

ГАЛХІМСЕРВІС ІВАНО-ФРАНКІВСЬКИЙ НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ ТЕХНІЧНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ НАФТИ І ГАЗУ

ІВАНО-ФРАНКІВСЬКГАЗ

ПРИКАРПАТТРАНСГАЗ

ПРОМПРИЛАД

63 КОТЕЛЬНОЗВАРЮВАЛЬНИЙ ЗАВОД

Situation map of the gas-related footprints in Ivano-Frankivsk. 124 / FIELD TRIP / ECOLOGY


IN THE BOOTS OF A PERSON As described, the processes interrelated to oil and gas went deeply into the lives of the humans. Thus the narrative of industry can be described through a sequence of human lines. The infographics below characterize the flow from the

perspective of professor, student, and foreigner and form the social environment of this field.

ECOLOGY / FIELD TRIP / 125


Since 1960s a need in specialists was fullfilled with every day direct flight, connecting IF with Tiumen, sending around 120 specialists there. To compare, that equals a great symphonic orchestra going back and forth every day some 3400 km for performance.

Countries which are for the moment mostly represented by number of students at the university.

For the present moment the geography of the students coming to study in the university went beyond

the number of friendly nations of the USSR but still remains consolidated around the developing countries.

The volume of all gas reservois in Ukraine is

~12 000 000 olympic swimming pool

126 / FIELD TRIP / ECOLOGY


CONCLUSIONS

WHERE TO GO?

So what does all this mean to the development of the city? What is the point of analysing the last 50 years of specific industry development? How will it help the city now? How will it affect our children? It will allow to avoid own mistakes done during unconscious 5-year-based development. The answer is perhaps banal on the first sight. Uniqueness of Ivano-Frankivsk and its region is proved by the role played during the 20th century guaranteeing energy independence for the region and adjacent countries. However, typical for that time in the USSR no specific strategic thinking was done to allow this city to be based on more than one type of resource. Another system of values insisted on importance of numerical economic progress as the main indicator of success. ‘Ahead of entire planet’ was the motto of the different scale processes no matter if it was sport, rocket building or just a school competition.

In a hunt for diversification of the energy mix we should expand it to an understanding of diversification need in all fields of human activity. You cannot eat only potatoes, cannot be dependant only on oil and gas factories, cannot go only to a single university, cannot choose a developed scenario for your life. Ivano-Frankivsk for the moment is on a crossroad with a set of activities going to history as a fact and new possibilities coming in front of the face. There is only a need for a step towards the right direction, for a choice of right values, for an understanding of own strength and potential.

WHAT WAS MISSING? Ivano-Frankivsk was never perceived by the countries it was part of as an important unit not only from economic point of view. It was always on the edge of the country. In Poland, no major investments were done to the region as it was considered as a second-turn area to deal with. During the Soviet times Western Ukraine was a place to pump oil and gas to export for friendly nations without any support to culture, care for the environment, recognition of the society.

HOW DID WE GET HERE? Those generations living in the region for the moment were mainly born in the Soviet and independent Ukraine times. The life set was heavily impacted by the line of success – “school-university-job-family-house-children-car-death”. The point that doing something different is not normal and identification of ‘normal’ things laid the ground for the mental crisis which paralysed the diversity of activity happening within the society. As seen from the story about the professor, who followed in his lifespan all stages of industry development, he ends up being involved in the activity that has lost majority of its potential. It also transmits to his students, who see not much perspective and motivation in pursuing studies with working in this particular field. This hugely narrows the perspective for the young generations born already in Ukraine in their further development.

A WAY OUT? Ironically the strategy of the Soviet Union of cooperation with the friendly nations left a great potential for IvanoFrankivsk. Not every regional town in Ukraine can say that students from more than 40 countries are coming to study there. This creates an additional need for the full-cycle of services in the town. ECOLOGY / FIELD TRIP / 127


SUPERMARIO PROJECT ecology team: DASHA PODOLTSEVA, OLEKSANDER SHEVCHENKO, MARIIA KUPRIIAN

READY! STEADY! JUMP! There is a need to start this story with snapshot of our preparation week before fieldtrip. Looking at the map we realised that Ivano-Frankivsk is absolutely compact and cozy place, moreover situated between two rivers which create absolutely unique ecosystem. Being in a confluence of two rivers set a specific context for the city development and rare similar case of city can be found (e.g. Passau, Germany).We were aware that during the last century the city was under four different States. But coming physically

128 / FIELD TRIP / ECOLOGY

to the city drastically changed our perception of the city and distances within it. An estimated google calculation of walking some three kilometres was around half an hour but in fact it became double longer. Walking from the city centre towards the river water front was successful only from the third attempt as the river itself was approachable only in specific places. Being an outsider without a map you might never recognise that there is a river behind the city-scene.Trying to identify a trend or dependence we came to a conclusion that a set of layers are creating obstacles on their borders. As driven by different strategies of city development the city itself is strongly split into Austrian, Polish, Soviet, Ukrainian layers. Thus, an Austrian park and a Soviet lake staying side-by-side do not create a synergy.


OBSTACLES CATEGORIES

NOISE - Church music from dynamics - Sound advertising

VISUAL NOISE - Shop signs - Addverts

- Car noises - Street musicians - Loud music from agitation tents

- TV screens in public spaces and cafes - Political agitation - Appartment blocks destroying river/lake landscape ECOLOGY / FIELD TRIP / 129


OLFACTORY NOISE - Busy polluted roads with old cars and tracks - Garbage

HEALTH & SAFETY - Pedestrian crossings without any signs - Stray dogs 130 / FIELD TRIP / ECOLOGY

- Street lighting


USABILITY

PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIERS

- Physical barriers (broken surfaces, steps etc) - Lack of infrastructure

- No navigation and visual contac

SUMMARY

- The perception of the common, public empty spaces is characterised by lack of citizen ownership. An empty place is not seen as a potential place of common interest but brings huge protests if is planned to be built up.

As analysed, Ivano-Frankivsk tends to be divided into a number of separate territorial sectors with specific obstacles on the borders (e.g. river front, dachas, residential quarters, trade zone in the centre of the town). Thus, getting from point A to point B becomes twice longer and harder as stated for instance by Google Maps. The concept of representation of different types of obstacles like horizontal infrastructure, sense barriers (visual noise, air pollution, ads noises) is built around the Super Mario game. This gives a fresh view on the reality of current state of the city connectivity and leads to few subsequent conclusions:

- Due to development in different historical periods (Austrian, Polish, Soviet, Ukrainian) there is a significant split and mismatch of functionality on the border of these sectors. For instance, the park built during early Austrian times disunites with the new lake created during Soviet era. - The context of non-connectivity can be conditionally divided into site-specific issues like trade gap between “100 m street” and “marketplace” and general city obstacles as“not safe” crosswalks, overload by colourful advertisements, etc.

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CONTINUATION OF MULTICULTURAL DISCONNECTIONS culture & heritage team: ANNA LEVADNA, TANYA ABRAMOVA, BOGDAN KAPATSILA

Fortress territory Diversity in Ivano-Frankivsk in 1662, comparing to the current city borders

Fortress territory Polish and Ukrainians distribution Armenians distribution Jews distribution

Diversity in Ivano-Frankivsk in 1772, comparing to the current city borders 140 / FIELD TRIP / CULTURE & HERITAGE


IDEAL PROJECT

Ivano-Frankivsk is a city in the Western Ukraine, which was firstly planned as a perfect town Stanisławów with a private fortress of the Polish Potocki family. Back in 1662, when it received Magdeburg rights, it was the mono-functional South Eastern outpost to rule the Carpathian region and protect the borders of the country. Obviously, the city was dwelled mainly with soldiers and the portrait of Stanisław «Rewera» Potocki (military leader) after whom the city was named firstly was common for most of them.

Mock-up of Stanisławów fortress

«A fortress was erected to protect Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth from tatar invasions and to reinforce the region in case of some other Khmelnytsky uprising would occur» - Wikipedia Stanisław «Rewera» Potocki

COMMERCE As many other border towns, it had also become a good place for the commercial development, because numerous Armenian people, well known for their trading skills, were invited and given promotion for living and working there. By 1772, when it had become a property of Habsburg Empire, the fortress had been dismantled and transformed into one of the most prominent cities in the Carpathian region Stanislau, inhabited by Polish, Ukrainian, Armenian and Jewish people, it had been not only military, but also retail and multicultural. Of course, each of ethnic groups built their own churches, schools and other cultural places. That intercultural impact produced a wonderful mixture, bringing interesting diversity to the city canvas which nowadays forms the historic core of the city which a lot of people appreciate.

«Armenians were skillful traders, growing livestock in the mountains and selling it all over ther world, as well as wood, starting a fruitful tradition of international cooperation» - Taras Prohasko, writer, ethnographer

Armenian man CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 141


Fortress territory Polish period extension Armenians distribution Jews distribution Villas distribution Railway

Diversity in Ivano-Frankivsk during Austro-Hungarian Empire period, comparing to the current city borders 142 / FIELD TRIP / CULTURE & HERITAGE


Greek Catholic Church of Virgin Mary

Armenian Church

Jewish Temple

WEALTH Some of the sellers were more successful than others, as well as worriers, so started to shape the city with their private houses, designed by professional and famous architects of the time. We can still observe five districts of such projects, with the townhouses on the edges of the neighborhoods, with gardens and big yards beside them. «Ivano-Frankivsk doesn’t have a lot of architectural masterpieces, but its richness is in the complex of historical buildings, which should be preserved» - Volodymyr Haydar, city chief architect Nowadays, such neighborhoods represent valuable historical environment, the spirit of old Stanislav. However, a lot of land beside the houses was sold by the owners in later times and now it is full of younger cottages. Besides, the territory is of great interest for building companies. Furthermore, the appearance of the old houses is under transformation. Some of them are in the process of destruction because of the poor owners, others are under total renovation so called «kaputt renovieren» (the renovation is conducted with the use of modern materials) which leads to total loss of historical appearance. And the 3rd type is a combination of both, when the new owner wants to improve his living conditions by adding extra balconies or floors.

Stanislaviv townsman

CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 143


Fortress territory Polish period extension Villas distribution Industrial territories Soviet microdistricts One-storey buildings Railway Riverfronts Green territories

Diversity in Ivano-Frankivsk in USSR times, comparing to the current city borders 144 / FIELD TRIP / CULTURE & HERITAGE


SOVIET TIMES In 1939, when Soviet era came to the city and dramatic changes began, which were even more forced by 1945, as Stanyslav lost 90% of its population. The mentality was completely transformed, as newcomers were mostly Russian speaking, neglecting the heritage of previous owners, continuing the good old tradition of isolation among hutsuls. It should be admitted that the chief architect of the city had an opportunity to bring the impulse of changes even before, while bombing railroad station as a pilot of Red Army. And yes, the name was changed to Ivano-Frankivsk. Not even new buildings, but large districts and manufacture facilities appeared on the map, adding new layers to the city heritage, while old churches and cemeteries were destroyed or transformed. Armenian church was used as a museum for religion and atheism in USSR times

Greek Catholic Church was completely banned, and had to go underground, Catholic Church was also closed, as most of the Polish people left the city, while it was still not appreciated to visit officially allowed Orthodox Church by the authorities. This ruined the basis of mental education and showed how heritage should be treated. Although new workers for enterprises brought Ukrainian language back to the city, they were mostly rural people, who started treating their flats as village houses, without thinking about the general appearance of the building, bringing first types of self-made architecture styles.

Old era city name with its inhabitants of new generation and values: Stanislav team in national motocross racing, 1957

ÂŤWestern Ukraine was traditionally more cohesive, having religious education, as even kids had learnt how to read with holy scripture, but not with ABC. And now about 60-70% of people are not even baptised as they grew up in the atheist familiesÂť - Sister Sofia, Monastery of St. Joseph nun

Buildings that appeared on the map during soviet period were of no regard to the heritage of previous times, though civic consciousness was already weak and it was accepted normally CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 145


Fortress territory Polish period extension Villas distribution Industrial territories Soviet microdistricts One-storey buildings Railway Riverfronts Green territories New construction

Diversity in Ivano-Frankivsk nowadays 146 / FIELD TRIP / CULTURE & HERITAGE


ART REVOLUTION Decay of USSR in 1991 had brought new players on the market and opportunities for new city transformations. It was no longer closed for internationals, no longer strictly controlled by the authorities and none of the amenities of production were available so everyone started acting on their own. On that wave some artists took the leading role in public life of the city. Back in 1989 they organized biennale “Impreza” as an opposite to the cultural institutions of the time. Though it started on pure enthusiasm, they managed to get the political support and receive funds from government. It was the first one performed in the USSR, thus the next coming were famous for having different poets, musicians and artists as guests and visitors. It affected the life and especially artistic flow of the city strongly, creating well-known “Stanislau Phenomenon”. The period can be described as a renaissance of culture and thus people often connected themselves to the prewar heritage, even old Passage Gartenberg, and cinema named after Ivan Franko were firstly decided to be used for museum of modern art, but the commercial visions had won. Only tiny Centre for Modern Art was established and on the other hand new trade buildings appeared in the city center, becoming dominant on the background of historical legacy. By 1997 those festivals could not be continued due to lack of financing, ideas and motivation as long as most of the society was so much set in its ways, that nowadays it is hard to find a lot of evidences of that period.

«Gartenberg Brothers Monument», performance by Igor Panchyshyn, 1996

«There was nothing available - print shop, latin types, quarters and even rules for auction and marketing, but at the same time there was less garbage and bureaucracy» - Ihor Panchyshyn, artist, architect, founder of «Impreza» festivals

SELF MADE As long as the city has been populated by more and more people of different values, with the change of authorities, destruction of old traditions and availability of different tools and materials, those collisions of various types of thinking became more and more visible. This is also linked to the general decay of cultural level, which happened to be when those, who were active in 90s, became less energetic and their work started to be less influential. Youngsters, who are coming now have a lot of desire for new artistic impulses but a lack of cooperation , as well as places where they could meet were closed (like «Pid Lylykom»,«Khymera» and «Marmulada») and that’s why their creative efforts and subtle deeds can hardly be found. Even more, different age groups of artists, poets and musicians are totally disconnected, which could have been observed at art residence with Pawel Althamer, when old and new generations of Ivano-Frankivsk artists couldn’t be a coherent community. As a consequence the city has a lack of visual culture, polluted with advertising and with no interest to esthetics among the commons.

«Ivano-Frankivsk doesn’t have a lot to propose, we try to do something, but without the support, understanding of people and authorities it is quite hard. At the same time, hutsul entrepreneurs, who own a lot of small property in the city, are very active and «creative» in their design ideas of shops and houses, affecting the city view in a bad way. They are also very hard to communicate to» - Andriy & Serhiy Greh, mural artists, designers

Jorge Pomar working on mural in Ivano-Frankivsk, 2015 CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 147


THE PORTRAIT Now, knowing the history of the Ivano-Frankivsk society, it is easy to understand the state of art of the city. Not only the city, or street, but almost every house has a combination of various approaches that can describe the difference of values of the owners. The one we find most peculiar has three of them. But what if there would have been only one host? As a house, with uncoordinated combination of property treatment, he would probably look like a Frankenstein, combining totally different types of personalities in one. But those characters are so different, that their actions created a monster. And there are dozens of them.

STANISLAU-FRANKIVSTEIN IS AN INVENTED PERSON, DESCRIBING A COLLISION OF DIFFERENT PERSONALITIES AT ONE PLACE, WHICH WE OBSERVE ON MANY HOUSES OF IVANO-FRANKIVSK

THIRD FLOOR OWNER

SECOND FLOOR OWNER

FIRST FLOOR OWNER 148 / FIELD TRIP / CULTURE & HERITAGE


FIRST FLOOR The one, who can live on this floor, was born and raised in USSR, but is an architect or artist, that’s why cares a lot for the original state of the building. He spent most of his life trying to raise up the cultural level of the city, organizing artistic exhibitions, helping young talents and setting new trends and visions.

««Impreza» was not only a festival, but an opportunity to show yourself to the outer world. When we brought Perkalaba band to Kiev, everybody was asking - where did you find them? While I was answering - we have a lot of them in Ivano-Frankivsk, come and see» - Ihor Panchyshyn, artist, architect, founder of «Impreza» festivals

Later he was the founder of Section on culture heritage protection and is a head of it now. The reason it was started – to reconstruct Potocki family palace into museum of modern art. But it’s a state organization, with all the pros and cons, thus it is still in project phase. The old brewery, that is also a markplace for Ivano-Frankivsk, is already reconstructed, but without any correspondence to how it looked before - though there was a state project for it.

«Our hands are tied. We see all the problems around, set the discussion, but cannot influence the problem. Having a building police would have helped» - Ihor Panchyshyn, artist, architect, founder of «Impreza» festivals Reconstructed Potocki palace entrance, 2015 CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 149


SECOND FLOOR

The citizen, who lives on this floor, was born in Stanislav ,but raised in Ivano-Frankivsk. Firstly, he saw from his window Lenins sculpture on the Lenin’s square. Then, he somehow noticed that the sculpture changed, but the impression of square didn’t.

«The Lenin’s square was built without any respect to the old city and its traditions, nowadays, it’s independence square with Ivan Franko sculpture, but there is still a feeling like it’s the Lenin square. You can put an elephant there but it still would be Lenin» - Ihor Panchyshyn, artist, architect, founder of «Impreza» festivals

Main city square with Lenin 150 / FIELD TRIP / CULTURE & HERITAGE

Main city square with Ivan Franko

Main city square with an elephant


The second prominent change in his life was the start of Independence period, where the construction of new modern buildings started. Soviet heritage was forgotten (totally neglected) and the renovation of the old historical buildings became a new trend. Consequently, our citizen decided to buy a flat in historical building, however, he wasn’t pleased with living conditions and decided to add some visible changes in order to improve them. Perhaps, he was inspired by The Brewery fake restauration or «kaputt renovieren» project, where the result of the renovation was totally different from

the original building, and is of no historical interest anymore.

Brewery, 1939

Unsuccessful (fake) restoration of old brewery, 2015

«The house was in a very poor condition before I bought it 10 years ago. The roof leaked and there were cracks in the walls. I constructed the second floor because of the small area of the house and because of the roof. But I will make the second floor facade similar to the first one, historically the same » - Mr. Bogdan

«Extension made of breeze blocks, villas perfect add-ons with one half painted, no one liked their territory that much yet» - Taras Prohasko, writer, ethnographer

CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 151


THIRD FLOOR The one, who can live here, was also born and raised in USSR, he spends his time trying to awake spiritual consciousness of people. Organizing exhibitions, festivals and competitions where people can express their feelings to God through art.

Mixing modern art with old motives gave new powers but some outer support still was needed. Search for it brought him to limitless source – the love to God that can be expressed in many artistic ways (songs, paintings, dances, festivals…).This has become the point of power that never ends, and that’s why creativity and enthusiasm of such person is always on top. When you’re doing something for God – everybody becomes satisfied.

YES, BUT Though there are a lot of such frankensteins, they do not live on isolated planets. These characters meet and cooperate through work, schools and other daily activities which means that with their private propety they can also reach understanding. Value system of each of them has its benefits, but a common ground for them should be found. And education through culture can bring that proper understanding of heritage that the city needs.

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At the same time, natural creativity of this person took him to underground artistic community where in art he could touch some important topics and communicate with people who respect freedom. He was a rebel with peaceful attitude. But this kind of creativity, based on own enthusiasm is limited. That became a reason to search for inspiration in traditions and sympathy to everything natural, from materials to thoughts.

«The greatest deeds in my art can be done only due to relationship with god. Working as an interior designer I normally can not keep my projects on the same spiritual level, but I get an opportunity to communicate with people that would be of no interest for me under different circumstances. And thus, I influence and educate them, as well as vice versa» - Yarema Stetsyk, cultural activist, artist, designer, founder of «Povydlo» band


Unfortunately, there are a lot of such frankensteins

CONCLUSIONS It is totally clear that Ivano-Frankivsk is a multicultural city with people of different values, experiences and perspectives which is a great potential for its development. It is pity to admit, but as history comes closer to our days, the cooperation between them diasappears, and thus we come to the state, when instead of visual diversity, city is in state of visual mess. On the other hand, without a descent support of authorities, cultural life of Ivano-Frankivsk lives on a total enthusiasm, though, due to its unique position, it is a very good place for artist to appear. Unfortunately one need to search for exquisite audiences and personal inspirations all around the world, and often,

having no place to perform, he does not return, while his hometown is transformed by the actions of common minds, who sometimes haven’t even heard about him or his visions. The city definitely needs creative ideas and efforts, because they bring those creative impulses to the daily life and makes it more interesting. But they should be more systematic and well cooperated, to perform a healthy heartbeat, that can bring strength for change. «When the city has a blooming artistic life, its general view is totally different. During those years when we had «Impreza» festivals, the treatment and usage of advertising and architecture was way much better» - Anatoliy Zvijynskiy, Centre for Modern Art Director

Sichovyh Strilciv Street 16 in Ivano-Frankivsk with unorganized advertising (from «Teple misto» proposal)

Simulation of Sichovyh Strilciv Street 16 in Ivano-Frankivsk with organized advertising (from «Teple misto» proposal) CULTURE & HERITAGE / FIELD TRIP / 153


WHERE ARE RESOURCES? economy team: ANNA PASHYNSKA, ANTON SUKHAR, YULIA ZALOMAIKINA, SASHA GORENIUK

ECONOMY RULES THE CITY Users manage their money, their time and resources in the city. All this effects the city directly. Outward city appearance is a direct mapping of its residents value. For understanding of the city economy it is necessary to find out what is important for the average citizen. We need to know, what shapes it’s heart - what makes the city pulsate and move on. Considering the worldwide trend of urbanization, we found out that in Ivano-Frankivsk were several waves of migration of villagers to the city. The first wave took place in the 18th century - at that time in Ivano-Frankivsk (Stanislaviv) was Austrian military settlement where the Austrian regiments were stationed. In that period 72% of the military in Stanislaviv were from the surrounding villages (scheme 1). Then, approximately in the year 1955, the second wave of migratiom into the city launched - to work at manufacturing. Since that time and up to independence, Ivano-Frankivsk became a closed city. This is explained by the fact that most of the industries (more than 70 %) in Ivano-Frankivsk were linked somehow to the military. City economy and city life was based on sufficiently large factories such as «Pozitron» (10 000 workers), «63 boiler-welding plant» ( 2 500 workers), «Inductor» etc.

At the same time, the military oriented factories involved in manufacturing plants with interconnecting specialization, for instance «Karpaty» and «Radio factory». On the example of plant «Positron» it is possible to observe the direct affect of economy on urban development. In 1960s, around 10 000 higly skilled workers worked at this factory. During the heyday of the defence industry, new micro-district Pozitron was constructed especially for the workers and employees, which included technical training college and learning сampus surrounded by typical residential complex (scheme 1) The third wave came in the years of independence. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, a request for military equipment disappeared on the one hand and market relations started to set up on the other hand. At one moment huge factories lost their relevance and began to adjust to the realities of nowadays. And today the economy of the city is impregnated by small and medium businesses that are adaptive and flexible. All these processes are furthermore reflected on a city fabric. Now the city is developing chaotically and pointwise, it often spreads beyond its borders in the direction of the nearly situated villages (scheme 2).

3 WAVES OF MIGRATION OF VILLAGERS TO IVANO-FRANKIVSK 18th century - for Austrian army training/service 1960s - for military manufacturing Since 1990 - for economic opportunities

1960s

18th century

Scheme 1 154 / FIELD TRIP / ECONOMY

Scheme 2


I-F IS A BANK The economy of Ivano-Frankivsk has a strong external dependence. Large flow of resources penetrates the city from ouside. Residents of neighboring villages open small businesses within the city and come in Ivano-Frankivsk to study, work or even live. On the other hand migrant workers are also actively investing in the city. They boost construction business, investing mostly in housing (a sort of «safe investments»).

Also private foreign companies invest in Ivano-Frankivsk. It turns out that city wealth is based on three pillars villagers, migrant workers («Zarobitchany») and foreign investors. Ivano-Frankivsk itself plays the role of a «bank» in a certain way. People invests money and different kinds of resourses in the city to preserve or enlarge them.

WHALES THAT HOLD IVANO-FRANKIVSK

People from the village

Abroad investors

«Zarobitchany»

TYPES OF EXTERNAL RESOURSES

The scheme reflects the main types of bonds, following the lines of icons played in the life cycles of each type.

1 GOLD MINE abroad investor

invests money in I-F industry

builds new factories

creates new work places

lives in the village

goes to town, work in servicing

does not want to live in ithe city

political situation in the country - war

many refugees migrate

comes and lives in I-F

invests money

buys apartments in new buildings

lives in I-F

goes to Europe on business

gets business experience

returns to I-F

opens own cooperation with european bussines

lives in the village

studies in the village

works in the village, underpaid

leaves family, goes to work in Europe

works on the construction site

lives in I-F

has a family

works for foreigners via the Internet

makes money

invests in small business in I-F

decides to study abroad

graduats from university, decides to stay abroad

2 VILLAGE SERVES

3 REFUGING MONEY 4 INSPIRED ENTREPRENEUR

5 EUROWORK makes money

cares of the family

invests in new buildings, migrates to town

6 TRANDY MONEY invests in flat

7 GONE born in I-F

studies in I-F

ECONOMY / FIELD TRIP / 155


FAMILY TREE OF IVANO-FRANKIVSK

1955

1956

born in village

born in village

1963

studies

born in Ivano-Frankovsk

1964

getting married having 3 kids

born in village

1964

start work «lisopererob

1970

1980

****

born in village

born in the village

born in the village

getting married having 1 kid

getting married having 1 kid

1991

self made house in the village by «brick salary»

1978

1988

1967

teacher at school in the village begins to work in the factory

g de

1978

1989

born in the village

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

1980

staff reduc

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

municipal worker

1993

worki ng in Turkey working at home house wife

starts own s manufactu

works at factory «Karpaty»

2000

IT staduing

2000

working in Italy studies at university

1989

studying management Ivano-Frankivsk home repair

2005

start working IT

2006

getting married

2006

working in Poland

2008

2008

retired the factory sloses

working wood manufacture

2010

retired gets 1000 hrn

2005

retired gets 1000

help

handmade stuff

help

helps kids with business

buy flat in Ivano-Frankivsk near the village

work at «Electrolux»

producing and selling rukola on the I-F market

help

2012

retired gets 1000 hrn

2010

buying a flat

opening a products store

2014 2015 TRENDS

IT industry

156 / FIELD TRIP / ECONOMY

fills the budget by city tax

foreign Investment survival industry

Development small business near the city

back home

2013

starting own tourism business karpaty travel

Creative small business

2013

help

tourism development, small business in the Carpathians

retired gets 1000 hrn

lives in the village, works near his village

2013

working janitor in kalunova slaboda

lives in the village, works near his village

small business development People from the village. Trade at the market

History w furniture pr


1939

family UA before war desides move to USA

1946

born in village

1962

moved to Ivano-Frankovsk

1962

family goes to USA

PTU studies in Ivano-Frankovsk

1964

getting married having 3 kids

king bnuy»

1957

1966

1970

starts working at «Promprulad» for next 42 years

1965

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

1983-1986

1985-1989

studies in univercity

born in I-F

studies in univercity

studies in univercity

studies in univercity

1975

getting a flat from gov. near the factory evelopment around big indusry

1989

getting married having 1 kids

19**

getting married having 3 kids

studies in university

ction

1988

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

точкана на ринку

small uring

d

1982

їздив на заробітки точкана ринку

1992

1992

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

born in Ivano-Frankivsk

since 1995

leaves to work in Italy

2000

1996

go to London for work

start own business build company

since 1996

seasonal works in Poland

becomes the only worker in the room for 5 castle home building

2005

business in kyiv finance

2001

capital

retired gets 1200 hrn 2006 investing money in "euroremont"

hrn

2005

2010 small business italian products shop

help

flat renovation

wood, roducts

IT studies L.P

help

2008-2013 dismotivated to study, buys exams

2009 L.P Lviv

відкриває візовий центр

business collaps aſter crisis 2009 buyes a flat for parents money

starts working in Lviv IT 2010 starts new business flat managing rent\sell

2012

starting new rest business in I-F

Austria master studies

2013

desides to learn more about his roots since 2013 dismotivated to work for 100eur war

understood the potencial and launches a new business

urban space sister with family from occupied territories

2013

2015

decline industry

decided to visit I-F

buy flat «kalunova Sloboda»

gets a contract for next 3 month

invests money in small business and housing

workers

демотивація навчання

small business. Building company

building investments new labor resource

small business visa centers

social projects support for small business

foreign education in Austria

local capacity, goes to the better markets

foreign investments create new jobs places

young creative economy foreign investors

ECONOMY / FIELD TRIP / 157


HOUSING AREA As the city of Ivano-Frankivsk was closed, so at Soviet times there were not so many residential areas. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the decline of the industry in the city, people did not have jobs. Only a couple of areas are suitable for agricultural activities in the villages of the region, some are interesting in terms of tourism, while the rest are mountains and forests, which resulted in lack of occupation possibilities in the early 90s. One should have had to go abroad to earn money for living, educating kids and having a place to live. Ivano-Frankivsk became the only place for investment for the people of the village and guest workers «zarobitchany», and real estate apeeared to be the best way to invest money in, the most stable and clear, that you can sell, gift or put it in pledge.

TOTAL AREA OF HOUSING COMMISSIONED

The tendency in the region to enterpreneurship resulted in 30 construction companies competing. Construction industry - one of the few stable industries in the city, based on data of energy consumption. Crises do not affect them strongly, which once again confirms that the main resource are the foreign money. 381.3 297.2 284.6

202.7 209.5

124.4

«Kalinova sloboda» housing estate - the start of construction was in year 2012. Foto was made 23/10/2015 - 30 high-rise buildings are alredy build, 50 in progress 32.5

YEAR

2000

2010

2005

2011

2012

2013

Total area of housing commissioned per 1000 inhabitants кількість підприємств 100% 95.6

50%

95.8

96.3

10% 4.2

4.1

1% 0.2

0%

YEAR

0.1

2012

2013

3.6

0.1

2014

кількість зайнатих працівників 100%

50%

45.0 37.5

20%

17.5

0%

43.7

YEAR

2012

High-rise building at Pasichna district 158 / FIELD TRIP / ECONOMY

47.5 37.2

18.1 15.3

2013

2014

2014

All this has poured out into incredible stories, when men of one village, being one team working abroad, had been purchasing together riser blocks of flats in Frankivsk. Due to the words of the construction companies representatives, 60% of apartments are bought by «zarobitchany», where 30% of purchases are just an investment, not a real need for housing. Values of the major investors in the construction industry - to be closer to their relatives in the village, poured out into the development of residential areas in the direction of the nearby villages. Foreign students are a profitable resource for the new type of business - renting apartments. Often, these apartments are bought on credit, which are paid than with this expensive rents. In 2014 the refugees from the East also created new conditions for the prosperity of the construction. All of this contributes to the fact that the total area of housing commissioned viewed per 1000 inhabitants in 2014 is 1538 sq.m, whitch is 6.8 times higher than average for Ukraine.


TOTALTOTA ARE

SMALL BUSINESS

32.5

YEAR

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

YEAR

2000

2005

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

кількість підприємств 100%

The economy of Ivano-Frankivsk has been closed, and enterprises were military. With the collapse of the USSR the specialization of large enterprises become completely unnecessary, they needed to retrain, it was very difficult or impossible. Everyt hing shifted to the small and medium business. Also an excess of money and manpower in the village was created, that was the cause of the investments in the city. Frankovsk became almost the only opportunity for investing. Also there was a need to apply money earned abroad, and unwillingness to work for someone else for a pittance. According to «promova» research , residents of the region is biased toward enterpreneurship, historically, people feel safe to launch new businesses. Then, a small busin ess has become one of the most clear investments. And again the type of investors affects the development of the peripheries of the city, near the villages. The city’s economy is experiencing a crisis easier - small business is maneuver.

10% 50%

95.6

95.8

96.3

95.6

95.8

96.3

4.2

10% 1%

4.2

1%

0.2

0% 0%

YEAR small business

YEAR small business

4.1

3.6

4.1

3.6

0.1

2012 0.2

2013

medium business

2012 medium business

0.1

0.1

2014

big business

0.1

2013

2014

big business

Number of enterprises in Ivano-Frankivsk according to UKRSTAT (in %) кількість зайнатих працівників 100%

кількість зайнатих працівників

100% 50%

45.0

43.7

47.5

50%

45.0

20%

37.5

43.7 38.1

47.5 37.2

20%

37.5 17.5

38.1 18.1

2012 17.5

2013 18.1

0%

According to figures for 2014 year 99,9% of all businesses are small and medium business (96.3% - a small, 3.6% a medium). Despite the difficulties in the economy, in 2015 the positive dynamics of small businesses is observed - opened 350, closed 92. One of the main points of the income of the citybudget - small business taxes. There is reallz a guge amount of small business in the city, but it does not indulge much choice, everywhere the same incredible amount of pharmacies, gold stores, currency exchange, visa centers, secondhands etc.

кількість підприємств

50% 100%

0%

YEAR small business

YEAR

medium business

2012

37.2 15.3

2014 15.3

big business

2013

2014

Numbersmall of employees inmedium Ivano-Frankivsk according business business big business to UKRSTAT (in %)

«Why so much?.. Probably because of the fact that many people go to Italy for some cases. Some time ago I went there also. I had some business there - saw shops and thought that something not bad shoul come out» - owner of shop «Products from Italy»

ECONOMY / FIELD TRIP / 159


FOREIGN INVESTMENTS INDUSTRY In Ivano-Frankivsk there are a few companies with foreign investments among those that survived. The focus of recent years has been to attract investments into food and engineering industries. Foreign investors are interested in it as here they get cheap and efficient labor, still having export orientation (80% of production is exported). Salary at high-tech enterprises varies from 2500 to 6000 UAH and is non-competitive. The city can not provide the

The map shows industries with foreign investments in Ivano-Frankivsk 160 / FIELD TRIP / ECONOMY

work force for these companies. Tax on the activities of enterprises with foreign investments fills the city budget. Often the result of the emergence of such companies is the development of new industrial zones as the situation in the current post-industrial areas is too confusing and unstable.


WORLD IT MARKET In the city there are several universities that train specialists for the IT industry. IT industry is growing and has a constant supply of jobs. IT worker makes a lot of pros and spends a lot in the city. All processes are accompanied by the purchase tax. Taxes fill the budget of the city. His wedge is at least 10

HUMAN RESOURCES One of the focuses of Ivano-Frankivsk economy is to work with the problem of human resources. With the decline of the industry there was a failure of vocational schools. The lack of regulation of the outcoming professionals number led to a large amount of them only in certain specialties. People have left to work abroad - Poland, for example, offers good wages, opens visas and transports men to their factories. Migrant workers, who are at seasonal jobs, half of a year stay in Ukrain and do not work. Children of migrant workers also do not want to work for only 100 euros.

CONCLUSIONS We see positive dynamics in the parts, which are strongly connected to external resources. For example machinery industry with great foreign investments, building industry

times larger than the city average. Local IT companies often hire natives of villages. As quality of skills is doubtful, large IT companies are trying to compensate the lack of labor resources by their own educational programs. 99% of IT companies work for export. Norwegian NGO «Seed» wants to creat IT incubator and they need an area for it. The city has allocated 600 000 UAH for repair of the room for this purpose, but this is only a fraction of the total cost.

Low quality of education does not let IT industry grow, which requires high-quality human resources. Lack of staff also does not allow to develop the enterprise with foreign investments. 2400 people are now listed as unemployed. Center of employment appears to be an additional income rather than a need. City makes now a lot of effort and resources in solving this problem. A business incubator, a program of retraining of specialists from the sphere of management, economy, tourism, etc., support traditional crafts programs, 4 shops in the city center to sale products of traditional factories, plans of IT incubator support were created by city administration.

with emigrant workers and people from village investing, IT – services export, small business, as the place to invest for emigrant workers and village people. Parallely we can see a breakdown of state enterprises starting with big industries and ending up with educational, because of the lack of proper management. ECONOMY / FIELD TRIP / 161


GOING GLOBAL INFORMALLY infrastructure team: ANDRII KOMAN, ANNA BERESTETSKA, VOLODYMYR DIDIUK

INTRO «When the conflict between Russia and Ukraine started, my siblings and me were already a couple of years studying in Donetsk. First, the idea was to transfer to the University of Odessa, but we were afraid that it can be a next target. IF is not as interesting as Donetsk but it’s much more secure and people are nicer.» - explains Mariam Barkat, student of Medical University from UK while we are eating at the Indian Restaurant Esse, one of two spots of traditional food in IF. From the first sight, Ivano-Frankivsk seems to be just like any other Ukrainian small city: calm, sleepy and with homogenic population. But walking along the city center, I was surprised to see a lot of foreigners on the streets. Indeed, comparing to other Ukrainian cities of similar scale, Ivano-Frankivsk shows quite unusual international appearance. According to pravda.if.ua, in May 2015 there were 2126 students from abroad, attending courses at different universities of the city. The majority comes from India, Jordan, Nigeria and Iraq. The magnet for students from abroad is relatively cheap high education. Universities with high number of international students are Medical University and the University of Oil and Gas. During the Soviet time, IvanoFrankivsk region was mainly closed for the foreigners. The situation changed with the Ukrainian Independence, but during the 90s country remained rather internationally unknown for the educational purposes. The situation in IF started to change since 2000s. More and more students had been choosing IvanoFrankivsk as studying place. Main reason for this was the unique technology of Oil and Gas engineering. On the other hand, Medical University lured students with easy entrance exams. The corruption at educational sector played a big role as well, since there was a possibility to buy exams and diplomas that were recognized abroad. A foreign student would also choose Ivano-Frankivsk for relatively low racism (comparing to other university centers) and living costs. Coming to IF from another country, student needs to find his way out of a bureaucratic jungle of both political and educational systems, (un)hidden racism, language barriers and social bubbles. On his way to ukrainian diploma he might pass certain places and services that can be categorized into formal and informal. Following text and maps are trying to structurize these places and services. 162 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE


INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 163


PLACES Moving to Ivano-Frankivsk, a foreigner starts his residence by attending several places, where she/he resolves issues that one may face during this period. Analyzing the interviews with both locals and foreigners, we can talk about two types of places: formal and informal. National University of oil & Gas (Formal)

to apply. However, very eager to gain partnership with European Universities. Student Dorms (FORMAL) Internationals with less money live at student dorms. Usually on the one side there are local PhD students (with families living) while the other half of the building is divided between different groups. Intarnational Office tries to organise them in a way, so that the probability of intercultural conflicts is low.

This is one of two main targets of students. Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas (IFNTUOG) is one of three oil and gas universities in the Post-Soviet states and is on 31st place in the list of top Ukrainian universities. 90% of foreigners that study here are attending the course of Oil and Gas engineering, which is held in English language. The school has been transformed drastically in order to adjust to the decline of oil and gas extraction in Ukraine (e.g. now training architects).

Hostel Scheme

Indian Restaurant (INFORMAL) Taking the stairs down to the basement one immediately smells curry and curcuma. At lunch time most of the tables in the restaurant ESSE are full with mostly Indian-looking students, who seem to know each other well. Ukrainian waitress brings the menu written in English. «t tastes like home, that’s why I’m here. Ukrainian food it’s too plain, no spices at all» - explains Alexander, medicine student from Kerala, India. On the entrance of main building of NUNG (National University of Oil and Gas) foreign students remain among internationals whereas locals stay with locals.

Medical University (FORMAL) This one is popular due to cheap prices (comparing to Europe) and easy entrance procedure. Here the majority of international students studies: more than 1000 scholars from around 47 countries plus around 700 international students that transferred to Ivano-Frankivsk, since the conflict in Eastern Ukraine. International Office (Formal) International Office is responsible for the formal invitation letter so the person from abroad can open student visa in Ukraine. It also provides language and cultural courses, excursion and trips and officially helps to find accommodation in hotel/hostel/student dorms. Admission processing fee at IFNTUOG costs 150 $, Invitation fee: 200 $. International students are paying 3 times more than locals. The office seems to be aware of all international programs 164 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE

There are two restaurants of Indian food in Ivano-Frankivsk, both located next to the pedestrian street 100ka. ESSE was opened in the beginning of 2015 by pakistani doctor Sadahat Husain. «Чотири місяці тому ми відкрили цей ресторан. Раніше мій друг мав кафе в Донецькому національному університеті, але рік тому переїхав сюди. Ми з’їздили до Івано-Франківська, провели тут місяць, досліджуючи місто, людей, ринок. Тут багато іноземних студентів з проблемних регіонів. Як з’ясувалося, в місті немає закладу із традиційною їжею Південно-Східної Азії» - Садахат Хуссайн для UFRA Життя у Франківську


Students from translation faculty (FORMAL) If there is an international group of students arriving they receive translation help from the students of translation faculty of IFNTUOG. This way they can practice and be helpful at the same time Workers of International Office/Teachers (Formal) Sometimes also lecturers help internationals with paperwork. Hussain (INFORMal)

Waiting for food at ESSE, Indian Restaurant

Student of IFNTUOG from Iraq, Hussain is married to a local girl and has a permanent residence permit in Ukraine. He speaks good Russian and beside his classes, he makes money from helping international students to settle down in the city. He uses his connections in Arabic community of Ivano-Frankivsk and organizes paperwork and accommodation for newcomers. For addtitional money, he is also able to help them with exams,.

Panorama Plaza (INFORMAL)

Angolan Community (INFORMal)

Panorama Plaza is a shopping mall in Ivano-Frankivsk and also a club, that many of international students mentioned as a place to have a party in. Apparently it has the largest bar table in Ukraine (or Europe). Locals that we asked confessed not to like this place. Angolan students mentioned that while they were celebrating Angolan National Day there they had a conflict with some locals.

Angolans form one of the biggest groups of foreigners in Ivano-Frankivsk. A lot of them study at the IFNTUOG as the fee is paid by the Angolan Government. Community has a page on Facebook where they post information about civic rights, community meetings and achievements. Members help newcomers to settle down in Ivano-Frankivsk.

Catholic Church (INFORMAL) «I’m from Birmingham, UK, but my family is originally from Pakistan. In Ivano-Frankivsk I’m going every Sunday to Catholic church...My grandparents used to be Muslims, or maybe grand grandparents? Anyway they converted to Christianity long time ago» - answers Mariam, when I ask her where she Iusually goes in Ivano-Frankivsk. Mariam doesn’t speak any Ukrainian or Russian, probably the Catholic Church is one of few places in the city where she might interconnect with locals.

Agents / Contractors (informal) If a student who comes to Ukraine doesn’t know anyone in the town, he can use the help of so called ‘agents’. Also this firms make advertisements of education in IvanoFrankivsk universities abroad. Sometimes they cooperate with university, sometimes not. They use out situation of a foreigner who comes to Ivano-Frankivsk and doesn’t know the Ukrainian reality, charging a large amount of money for their services. The university doesn’t control either the quality of service nor the prices. There’s a huge lack of transparency. No wonder that those agents earn huge money on foreigners as they don’t speak Ukrainian language and often don’t know the laws.

SERVICES «Новачкові тут дуже важко через бюрократію. Підеш в деканат щось питати – ніхто не дасть відповіді одразу. Скажуть іти до того кабінету, а звідти – до іншого. Лише отримати довідку в університеті займає тиждень!’ ‘У перший тиждень навчання було важко зорієнтуватися. Ніхто не міг мені показати, де кафедра, наприклад. Дали мапу, але вона закінчується на Короля Данила. Але є кафедри далі від центру, на Бандери. Запитати не було в кого. Дали мапу, а знайти – твої проблеми.’ ‘Ми не отримуємо інформації про якусь університетську подію, хіба що нам викладач скаже. Оголошення в коридорі також українською, а не всі її знають добре» - Стефан (Quelle: Канадець, який навчається у Франківську: «Люди тут здаються щасливішими» URFA)

«Якось я був у інтернеткафе і побачив рекламу з гарними картинками, які показували Україну. Я повірив їй і подзвонив агенту, який попросив 400 доларів за запрошення (...)Я був розчарований, тому що не навчатимусь французькою. Агент взяв п’ять тисяч доларів, обіцяючи, що вже в понеділок почнеться навчання. Звісно, цього не сталося – був серпень. Я мав чимало проблем на початку, ходив містом, не знаючи вулиць, мови» - Christian INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 165


Diploma buying (informal) It’s not a secret, that the corruption in educational sector is pretty big. Foreigners are not exceptions. Some of them are coming to study in Ukraine not only because it’s cheap but because when you don’t know something you always can buy it. Even when someone wants to study, there are professors that just want to gain easy money. According to student of Medical Faculty, that came to IF from UK, price for not very important exam is about 200 UAH whereas a difficult one costs between 100 and 200$. On the other hand, the same student mentioned, that education in Donetsk was much more corrupted as in Ivano-Frankivsk.

CONFLICT OF POTENTIALS

«Я купив квиток Дакар – Донецьк. Мене зустріли в аеропорту, відвели до гуртожитку. Агенти насправді збирають забагато грошей. Я витратив майже сім тисяч доларів за оплату року навчання, реєстрацію, гуртожиток. Але насправді ціна за університет була на той час 3800 доларів. Що з рештою грошей? У нас немає вибору – ми не знаємо, як і що працює в Україні. Я знав студента, який заплатив 10 тисяч, а його відіслали на підготовчий.» - Peter (Quelle: «Європейський диплом»: студенти Медуніверситетуз Демократичної Республіки Конго. UFRA)

WANTED: FOREIGNERS WHAT IS MISSING? Talking to locals there were different opinions about the role of foreigners in the city. If to sum up positive aspects, the city has already its benefits that are shown in the drawing.

«There are some problems, mostly by people from Middle East, they throw rubbish everywhere. Some people say they don’t respect women but I think personally it happens if a girl allows it. I have a friend from Cameroon that married a Ukrainian girl and has a child with her. He wants to go back to his country as he’s afraid his child being faced the racist reactions of the locals» - Galyna at lecture in Urban Space 166 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE

After a fieldtrip and a set of interviews a list of things to be improved was creted. Some things are definitely missing in the system: - transparent access to information for both side to start communication and cooperation on same eye level; - place where people with no difference of origin and race can meet, taste, smell and interchange cultural and personal experiences; - food as a trigger of intercommunication, new opportunity for business, accessibility and home-feeling far away from home; - initiative for building bridges between cultures.


UNTANGLED: INFORMATION CHANNELS FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS In this diagram it is tried to figure out all possible places and services, both formal and informal that are being used as and for information channels and put them into relation with each other. GOVERNMENT

STUDENT

N

UNIVERSITY

TIO ITA INV

UKRAINIAN EMBASSY

AGENT

NATIONAL COMMUNITY

LOCALS OIL&GAS TECHOLOGY

NGO

INTERNATIONAL OFFICE HOTEL

STUDENT DORMS APPARTMENTS

HOSTEL

CHURCH

INDIAN RESTAURANT MOSQUE

CONCLUSIONS Moving to another country is always a challenge, everything is new and unknown: language, culture, people. IvanoFrankivsk has a potential to become a perfect international city due to it’s compact human-scaled size, unique technology of oil & gas extraction and relatively low racism rates. Yet, the formal access to basic information, especially in the first weeks is insufficient. The formal services

doesn’t have enough resources and cannot provide enough transparency and services in order to facilitate the process. This leads to many informal services that make personal profit of the situation. This is the loose-loose situation both for foreigners, city government and citizens. This fact as well as lack of platforms for international dialogues increases the distrust between the locals and foreigners. INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 167


AIRPORT AS A BARRIER infrastructure team: ANDRII KOMAN, ANNA BERESTETSKA, VOLODYMYR DIDIUK ‘Human beings are social ‘animals’ who need contact with other human beings. The foundation for people’s well being, their culture and prosperity of society rests on social interaction. This requires distances to be traversed -either small or large, even to the other side of the world’ Arjan Harbers in ‘Smart about City’

The possibility of travelling on long distances in short time is changing the idea of the world itself: we are much closer to each other that we once used to think. With this globalization-based paradigm of one interconnected world, the airport as a main place of transit is gaining on the importance. Beside the function of transition, airport is also a place where different kinds of goods and services (not necessarily connected with flying itself) are represented. Rem Koolhaas sees airports also as representatives of local identity despite the standardization of the in-transit conditions (Koolhaas 1998:1252). To handle the airport as a product or brand in order to increase its competitivity is becoming the new trend worldwide (Güller 2012: 12). In other words, airport is going more and more into business. But what if the airport became an obstacle for a logical city development? A case study from Ivano-Frankivsk Airport reveals the issue. FLIGHTS FROM IVANO-FRANKIVSK

KYIV KHARKIV IF DNIPROPETROVSK

ODESA

Advertisement of new flight to Kyiv EXISTING FLIGHTS FLIGHTS DURING SKIING SEASON IN BUKOVEL RESORT

Flights from Ivano-Frankivsk 168 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE


HISTORY AND TODAY

urban development

During the Soviet Period Ivano-Frankivsk used to be an important military centre. Due to its military strategic importance the city remained closed for foreigners. Hence, also the airport located only 4,4 km from the city was used only for these purposes. Together with other strategic military objects it played an important role at the city development process. 1959 the airport hosted the first civil flight that can be seen as the birthdate of civil air transportation of IvanoFrankivsk. With the Independence of Ukraine in 1991 most of the military objects became obsolete. Something was transfered, whaw was left - closed, and there appeared many empty, unused spaces - ‘holes’ - at the city fabric. Ever since the airport with a status ‘B’ and only two landing strips was mostly used during the winter period when ukrainian tourists were heading to Carpathian Mountains. In contrast, international visitors have to use airports of bigger cities like Lviv or Kyiv and take a train or bus to get to the city. In summertime airport hosts only few flights per week. This fact and also relatively slow development of train connections had left Ivano-Frankivsk for relatively long period on the periphery of the transit ways. Only recently news appeared in the media about potential implementation of international flights from Ivano-Frankivsk. But as we visited the airport in October 2015 none of the workers were informed about this.

The observation made during the fieldtrip to IvanoFrankivsk leads us to an assumption that even now the airport plays a significant role in the urban planning comparing to other aspects (e.g. infrastructural or economic) of city development. The archives about the master plans during the Soviet period are still classified as top secret due to the military past. Analyzing available master plans dated 2000, 2013 and current plan for 2030 it’s possible to see a connection between airport planning and the river. In particular, that both the river and the airport were seen as borders (natural and anthropological) for the expansion of the city borders. The location of the airport in the south of IF might be the explanation of the massive expansion of the city over two rivers that leed also to the growth of transport infrastructure. In particular, this explains the need for more bridges that are supposed to connect new parts of the city with the center.

CHANGES OF IVANO-FRANKIVSK BORDERS ACCORDING TO GENERAL PLANS 1959

2000

2015

2030

first civil flight from IF airport

general plan

existing situation

general plan

time line

Changes of Ivano-Frankivsk borders according to general plans INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 169


VECTORS & BORDERS

200 Đź 1000 Đź

The city has natural and artificial barriers. On the NorthWest and South-East it is limited by rivers. The pedestrian zone with park and lake cuts the city in the direction parallel to the direction of the rivers. While an artificial barrier by 170 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE

railway separates the city in the direction from North to South, which is contrary to natural forms. Airport and cemetery block city development in the most perspective South direction.


AIRPORT LOCKS PART OF CITY BORDER

WHAT IS MORE IMPORTANT ARTIFICAL OR NATURAL?

VERSUS

CONCLUSIONS Analyzing the case of Ivano-Frankivsk Airport we find an Moreover, ironically and illogically, it is mentally easier to interesting phenomena related to it. It seems that artificial eliminate a natural barrier as to remove the anthropologic one. borders, created by human themselves have much more power (political, psychological, physical etc.) than natural ones (eg. forests, river). Despite the fact that it takes much more time to grow a forest or decontaminate polluted natural resources than to build such an airport, people are mostly unaware of it. INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 171


CITY AS A "CITY CENTER" infrastructure team: ANDRII KOMAN, ANNA BERESTETSKA, VOLODYMYR DIDIUK

IVANO-FRANKIVSK PHENOMENA Built in the mid 17th century as a private fortress of the Polish Potocki family, with the partition of Poland in 1772 Stanisławów was passed to the Habsburg Empire, after what it became the property of the State authorities of the Austrian Empire. It was during that time that the fortress was transformed into one of the most prominent cities at the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. After World War I, for a short stint it served as temporary capital of the West Ukrainian People’s Republic, after the fall of which Stanislawów became a part of the Second Polish Republic. At the dawn of World War II, the city was annexed by the Soviet Union, only to be occupied by Nazi Germany two years later. With the liberation of Ukraine in 1944, a Soviet regime was established in the city for the next 45 years. A few years before the fall of the Soviet Union, the blue-yellow flag was raised in the city as the symbol of an independent Ukraine. A city visitor may find elements of various cultures intertwined within Ivano-Frankivsk: the Polish Rathaus, the Austrian city’s business center, the Soviet panel multistoried residential apartment buildings at the city’s urbanrural fringe, and others.

City bastille was built in 1661

City center in infrastructure context

City center in place of residence context

‘City Center’ in terms of infrastructure represents relatively small area, mainly located inside of the borders of old bastion except for Southern and northern direction that used to be main roads and entrances to the city.

In terms of perception of the center as living space, the indicated area is much bigger than the center itself. This means that citizens paradoxically feel the major part of the city as a center.

172 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE


200 Đź 1000 Đź

Borders and vectors of city center

City center is defined by strict artificial borders: railroad, park, lake and industrial areas. Historical development of the city played a big role on functional zoning. Axes of center development are connected with main arteries of transportation. INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 173


CITY OF SHORT WAYS

200 м 1000 м

Walkable area

It’s unique that the distance which citizens cover by walking and without using public transportation is larger than ‘Center’ in both of its meanings and is approximately ⅔ of distance from center to suburbs.

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This fact and also the compact size of the city makes it the perfect example of city of short ways, that can be covered by non-motorized vehicles and on foot.


3km 2km 1km 0.5km

Human scale

Attainability & dense districts

Almost all main attraction points in the city are located on the distance less than 2km from the center.

Main dwelling areas with dense multi-storey buildings are located within the distance that is too long to be covered on foot. Hence, the dwellers, who inhabit these areas, need to use public transportation to cover the distance to the center.

3km

200 Đź

197

359

1000 Đź

194

269

198

396

188 170 186

144

139

197

Bicycle scale

Bicyclists density (Bicyclists per 2 hours)

Comfortable distance to cover by bicycle is 3-5 km. For this reason, bicycle is the most convenient way for the transportation between dense populated suburbs and

At city center many people already use bicycles on the daily basis.

INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 175


MARKETS CAUSE TRAFFIC PROBLEMS Analyzing the transportation system we found the following: in the center roads are quite narrow whereas on the periphery they are ample. Despite the fact of low road capacity in the center this area is overused by vehicles because of accumulation of important infrastructure nods. This leads to traffic jams and slows down the speed of movement. There are Rail Station, one airport and four bus stations in the city, a central one and three located on the main entrances. One of the main magistrals doesn’t have a bus station, the regional buses are driving to the center. Hence, in the city center there are places of illegal bus parking, most of which are located close to the main market. Paradoxically, large number of intercity and international transportations are taking off from one of the bus stations on the periphery, whereas the main station is being used by transport from the region. This is connected with a number of people coming to the city for the market purpose.

176 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE


INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 177


MARKETS AS CITY MAGNETS Big markets are gathered in the southern part that inhibit the development of infrastructure in this direction. Central markets are mostly attended by people who don’t live in the Ivano-Frankivsk but come here by bus from the region, whereas locals are using big trade centres or smaller markets on the suburbs. This leads to big transportation problems and inconveniences to residents as well as additional obstacles for the people of villages.

178 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE


INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 179


200 м 1000 м

Markets as centers of districts

Analyzing the situation of smaller markets we found out a pattern: every district with dense population has it’s own market. It’s comfortable for people as they are located on convenient distance that can be covered by foot. Usually markets are the infrastructure magnets in every district. 180 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE

Hence, they are more flexible as supermarkets and their locations are the indicators of where the infrastructure nods are needed.


200 м 1000 м

City subcenters

Locations of markets are an indicator for the decentralization of cities and creation of urban sub-centers. There is no need in building of the new «artificial centers» for the development of the city, because they are actually defined.

Big central markets do not act as a magnets of attraction for infrastructure, because the center has enough other important functions except trading.

INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 181


200 м 1000 м

City center and subcenters

All sub-centers are located at a distance of 3 km from the city center, providing a common network.

182 / FIELD TRIP / INFRASTRUCTURE


CONCLUSIONS CITY AS A “CITY CENTER”

ALL ROADS LEAD TO MARKETS

According to the results of our experiment, citizens of Ivano-Frankivsk perceive most part of the city as city center. The unique fact is that the distance people want to cover by walking and without the use of public transportation is larger than the perception of where does ‘center’ actually ends. This perception covers ⅔ of the radius from center to suburbs.

Main market in the historical center is mostly used by people from the Ivano-Frankivsk region rather than the citizens. Smaller markets in the dwelling areas are centers of attraction for locals.

PERFECT CITY FOR CYCLING Areas with dense housing are situated 3-5 km from the center. This distance is perfect to cover by bike without using public transportation.

MARKET AREAS AS A CUB-CENTER INDICATORS Main market in the historical center is mostly used by people from the Ivano-Frankivsk region rather than the citizens. Current location of smaller markets and trading centers is the best indicator for the decentralization and development of polycentric city model.

FIND THE SHORTEST WAY TO YOUR HAPPINESS IN THE CITY OF SHORT WAYS Phenomenon «City as a city center» and compact size of the city makes it the perfect example of the city of short ways, that can be covered by non-motorized vehicles and by foot. City fits to the human scale that helps it to be comfortable for life, work and relaxation. For the long time Ivano-Frankivsk was developing and growing within the natural borders of the two rivers and historical center. Currently, three artificial borders (airport

and cemetery in th South, railroad that cuts the city almost in the middle) hinder the logical development and «force» the city to grow over the rivers. And still, with all the obstacles, it is possible for IvanoFrankivsk to be a multicultural and tolerant educational center, with unique character based on its compact size and human scale.

INFRASTRUCTURE / FIELD TRIP / 183


CITY POLITICS politics & society team: VALENTINA CHABANOVA, RODION FILATOV, JAROSLAV JAKOVLEV, OLEXANDRA SLADKOVA

CITY STAKEHOLDERS

CITY DOMINANTS

The aim of the research is to find out who are the main actors in the city and to understand who is involved in decision-making process and who is responsible for the

When you look at the city of Ivano-Frankivsk from the bird’s-eye view, the balance of power is clearly seen and reflected in the architectural dominants.

COMMUNITY

STATE

Citizens and long-term guests of IvanoFrankivsk, living on the territory.

Local government of the city. Includes elected politicians and appointed officials.

city development. The analysis of the main actors led the research to the problematic locations of the city where all or some of actors are involved. During our research of the city we figured out four main stakeholders of Ivano-Frankivsk. The character and quality of their interaction leads to the city development. With the specific colors we mark the main stakeholders in the city.

1695

1720

City Hall

St.Family Church

1964

1965

1971

1972

1975

Masons factory

TV tower, 195m

Univermag Prykarpattya

Pozitron

Hotel Ukraine

1997

2008

2012

2013

Bank Ukraine / Treasury

Ekstim Prestige residential complex

Legenda trading center

Triumph residential complex

184 / FIELD TRIP / POLITICS & SOCIETY

1

Arm

201

Residential c on Belveder


Ivano-Frankivsk is about 350 years old. The city was under the rule of Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Soviet Union and independent Ukraine. All these periods have left a trace in the city landscape. During Polish and Austro-Hungarian periods the central part of the city was designed. But most of architectural dominant landmarks belong to the Soviet era. They are typical for every soviet city: large plants, factories, drama theater, hotel, TV tower, department store. At this period city received most of its modern infrastructure. Despite, that the last 25 years a lot of new churches were built, only one, situated at Pasichna, is a dominant, all the others were constructed before the World War II.

In dominant analysis the Community dominants are missing, because for ages it had no chance to become a powerful player in the city. Even nowadays there are no preconditions for landmark dominants of community appearing in the city because community spreads its influence more horizontally.

CHURCH

All types of business in the city, with focus on large construction businesses.

Mostly Ukrainian Greek-Catholic church, with the biggest amount of parishioners.

1763

complex rska st.

It should be noted, that there is a project of a church, which will be build on the hill near Potocki palace. According to the plan it will be quite large, so in the couple of years citizens may get the new dominant.

BUSINESS

menian Church

15

During that period only four churches and the City hall were dominant city landmarks.

1878

1899

1935

1938

Knyaginin spirit factory

Tempel synagogue

City Hall (renovated)

Post

1976

1977

1987

1988

Theatre

Radio factory

State Administration Hall

Prykarpatian university

state church business POLITICS & SOCIETY / FIELD TRIP / 185


TRENDY URBANISM Currently Ivano-Frankivsk has two flows of urbanism with intersections. One is represented by politicians, second by community initiative "Teple Misto". These players view the development of the city in different ways: politicians are focused on improving the physical facilities: paving roads, new playgrounds, fontanes, benches. Otherwise “Teple

misto” community tryes to create different approach to the city life, which will contribute to the development of active communities and new civil initiatives. Furthermore, the trend of political urbanism was clearly seen during the local elections of 2015. Analyzing the programs of political parties, and comparing them to those from previous elections, we noted that the issue of the city development in almost every political booklet. One of the candidates even presented strategy for the city development 2025.

Several businessmen decided to improve the city they live and founded NGO "Teple Misto". They convinced 100 of businessmen to give $1’000 for foundation of public space restaurant.

Public restaurant «Urban Space 100» became a platform for lectures, concerts, art performances and the place where different stakeholders of the city meet for public discussions. But, to tell the truth, «Teplo Misto» isn’t very influential right now, however “Urban Space 100” is a favourite place of city hipsters.

Hipsters even had their favorite candidate, but two days before day X he withdrawed to take part in elections.

186 / FIELD TRIP / POLITICS & SOCIETY


So, they have to vote for guys, who wanted more roads, benches and playgrounds.

Politicians engaged representatives of the church to their campaign.

Problems of ordinary people still remain unsolved. Perhaps collaboration of “Teple misto� and city government can give results to the citizens?

community

church

business

state POLITICS & SOCIETY / FIELD TRIP / 187


TRENDY HEROES Revolution of Dignity turned the new page in Ukrainian history and led to the addition to the pantheon of national heroes. Streets were named in honor of Heaven Hundred, new monuments were constructed and politicians use names of new heroes for their own ratings enhancement.

Revolution of Dignity in Maidan has already continued for three months. People are tired, they want to change the country and they are ready to give their lives...

On the 20th of February sharpshooters killed more than 20 people in the center of Kyiv. Roman Guryk was one of them.

Dead young man became a symbol of the Revolution of Dignity in Ivano-Frankivsk. He was buried in Memorial square, near the graves of national heroes of the previous centuries.

188 / FIELD TRIP / POLITICS & SOCIETY


Ivano-Frankivsk is the first city in Ukraine where the museum of Heaven Hundred was opened.

During the local elections in 2015 mother of Roman Guryk decided to join new political party called “Ukrop”. Her political slogan is “I’m going to defend the ideals of Maidan!”

During the visit to the city the President of Ukraine brought flowers to the monument of Roman Guryk. A young man who was killed at Maidan took a place near Taras Shevchenko in the pantheon of national heroes in Ivano-Frankivsk.

community

church

business

state POLITICS & SOCIETY / FIELD TRIP / 189


CASES&DOMINANTS Locations marked in the map represent the stories of interaction of main stakeholders in the Ivano-Frankivsk. Dominants are shown in circles.

3 3

3

9 5

1

7

2

8

6 4

community

church

190 / FIELD TRIP / POLITICS & SOCIETY

business

state

1

Urban Space 100

2

City lake

3

Markets (3)

4

Memorial Square

5

Pototcki Palace

6

Stanislaviv Hotel

7

Dnister Hotel

8

Franko Square

9

ex-cafe "Kazka"


TRAVEL NOTES FROM IVANO-FRANKIVSK The story of the highest Tale During Soviet times, at the highest point of the Ivano-Frankivsk city center cafe “Kazka” (Tale) was located. In 90th place attracted policemen and representatives of the criminal world, often there were fights between them. Because one of these, the cafe ceased to exist and until now on this site there is a wasteland. But soon, according to the Department of City Development, a new dominant is planned to appear there - Temple of Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The Palace with a complex history Potocki Palace, which is one of the most important city architectural monuments after the decades of military ownership in 2005 became privately owned. Currently, Ivano-Frankivsks “citizen of the world”, who owns the palace, is not against of cooperation with the city in field of the development of cultural center in the Potocki Palace. The chief architect of Ivano-Frankivsk attracted famous people as the supervisory board of the cultural center project. Social activists and famous cultural figures held common public cleaning and the festival “Operation on the Heart of the City” at the Palace. However the fate of the Palace is yet unknown because its restoration costs a lot of money.

and city administration and community on the other side, now. First group considers that the transfer of markets from center will reduce their profits, and the second is convinced that large markets should not exist in the city center. Chaos and confusion is also added by markets owners, who want to see the shopping centers on the spots of markets, and ordinary existing traders are out of their future plans. Historical heritage as a point of understanding and cooperation Hotel Dniester, which is located in the center of Ivano-Frankivsk has both cultural and historical value. In the early XXth century West Ukrainian People’s Republic (ZUNR) Parliament sessions were taking place there. This is a place, where the Unification Act of ZUNR and the UPR (Eastern Ukraine) was signed. In 1990 the door of this building began the start of human chain that united East and West of Ukraine. In 1998 the famous tower of the Hotel was destroyed by fire. In 2015, the call to restore it was actively responded by residents, hotel owner and local government. Hotel Stanislaviv Hotel Stanislaviv is situated in the city center. There are always a lot of guests, because it is hard to find another accomodation in the city center which provides comfort rooms and quite good service for reasonable prices. When you enter the hall of the hotel, you can notice two flags in the corner. One of them is a flag of Vatican. Hotel is owned by Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.

Lenin-Franko Square

City Lake

During Soviet times the space for the future Lenin Square was founded by destroying the old kirche and part of graveyard. Gradually the soviet square was accumulating new infrastructure: a hotel, theater and, of course, a monument of Lenin. The space varied with the change of political system: in 1991, the area was named after the poet Franko and the monument was erected. Today, the local business of the area hotel “Nadia” (Hope) is dreaming to build here a skyscraper, and the city community - “Teple misto” is working to set there an installation I LOVE IF. In the meantime, main part of space is occupied with parking.

The lake is a favorite leisure, sport and walking place of citizens. Unexpectedly, in March 2015 the citizens found out that the large part of the lake area was going to be built up with multi-storeyed apartaments. Activists, journalists and citizens united to defend the public place. Public hearings with the head of construction company were held in “Urban space 100” restaurant. It was decided that the storage of buildings will be reduced, but construction will go ahead. The story is in progress, the struggle continues.

Two vectors of urbanization in the square without name

Urbanisation as a political trend

In the square with no name there are administrative buildings and other civil and business offices. Here the vision of the City is formed. However it originates not just from the “propeller-house", but also from Urban space 100 - public restaurant, which is one of the projects made by city community "Teple Misto". The community has its own vision on the development of the Ivano-Frankivsk. The alternative vision of the city is formed independently in the political sense, but very close geographically.

The study of the city was carried out before the local elections, making it possible to analyze the election programs. Urbanism in profun way has become the trend of recent political discussion. Candidates promise renovation of courtyards and new benches in parks. One of the candidates even developed the program of IF development 2025.

Retail in the city center Currently, three large markets are in the city center. They were formed back in 90s. According to the new Master Plan, two of them are illegal and should be submitted from the city center. Grocery market, according to the Plan, should remain in the center. There is tension and misunderstanding between owners, traders on the one side POLITICS & SOCIETY / FIELD TRIP / 191


MAP OF ACTORS

PO TO T PA LA Castle Gallery "Bastion"

Oleg Bakh business

URBAN SPACE 100

Oleg Zaritskii businessman

Public organization "Teple Misto"

Party "Svoboda"

Yuriy Filiuk "Teple Misto" initiator

Ruslan Martsinkiv City Mayor

MEMORI AL SQ UARE

Roman Huryk One of Sky Hundred

192 / FIELD TRIP / POLITICS & SOCIETY

Iryna Huryk 1st place of election list to City Council

Volodymyr Architector-

Viktor Anush City Mayor, 20

Oleksandr Shevchenko Director of "Bukovel"

Ihor Nas Deputy Verkhovna

Party "Ukrop"

Party "Solid


TSKY ACE

The field-trip aim was to find out the correlation between powerful and important players and to understand where their interest in the city are located and how they interact between each other.

HO TEL STA NI SLAVI V

hmatiuk sman

Stepan Balagura archpriest

r Gaidar -in-chief

Volodymyr Balagura businessman

We held a set of interviews and meetings with journalists, activist, businessmen an community’s representatives of the city.

M ARKETS

hkevichus 007 - 2015

Zinoviy Fitel Vice Mayor

Ihor Khalamenda businessman

Serhii Vaskovets businessman

salyk y of a Rada

Volodymyr Chornous local politician

Taras Sluchyk civil activist

Natalya Golomidova civil activist, journalist

darnist"

Mykola Kovalchuk Director of "Vambud"

Company "Vambud"

Riafat Gasymov City Council OďŹƒcial

C I T Y L AKE community

church

business

state

POLITICS & SOCIETY / FIELD TRIP / 193


SYNTHESIS

stakeholders interactions. We sourced information for the scheme from the city stories: interviews with locals or media articles. Main stakeholders of interaction in the city: top position in the flag shows the process, bottom position shows the location.

The scheme shows different locations and characters of Clash based on the usage of public place Collaboration on the basis of historical heritage

At the highest point of the city center new church is planned to be constructed

Pototsky Palace Franko square Dnister Hotel City Lake

ex-Kazka cafe location

Use heroization in political aims

Memorial Square

STATE

COMMUNITY

Constant financing of social urban initiatives initiated by Teple Misto

CHURCH

BUSINESS

Urban Space 100

Black boxes in sphere of land owning

Colaboration in the sphere of construction and land

Markets City Lake

Hotel Stanislaviv

CONCLUSIONS

alternative to the state VISION of the city and uses the resources of social responsible city Business for it.

Frequently conflicting interests and short-sighted decisions are the result of collaboration between Business and State. A lot of conflict locations are occupied by Business.

Popular among local state politics trend of “political urbanism” is practiced without any plan and in profane way. Also politicians often use old and new national heroes to preserve their status quo in the city.

All influential stakeholders of the city try to use the Church to gain their own interests.

Historical and cultural heritage of the city-forming importance creates agreement and cooperation between Business, State and Community.

Community activity is concentrated around two things: the pole of confrontation and struggle and the pole of launching the parallel processes. The Community develops 194 / FIELD TRIP / POLITICS & SOCIETY


BLOCK #2 URBAN CONSTITUTION DEVELOPMENT Block #3:


Ukraine is in the process of complex implementation of reforms, based on decentralization of power and empowering communities. This, in turn, directly affects the transformation of tools and mechanisms in the development of Ukrainian cities which require comprehensive studies and strategic vision.

FROM GENERAL PLAN TO GUIDING PLAN: STRATEGIC TOOLS FOR CONTEMPORARY CITIES DEVELOPMENT

The “General Plan” is no longer an effective tool to control the urban development of Ukrainian cities. These omnipresent fix-it-all plans from the Soviet-modernist times that “close” the city with ring roads and show a blueprint for a final stage of development at some point in a given future finally have to become a thing of the past in Ukraine. The contemporary city is a dynamic structure that requires an appropriate mechanism of management. Today’s plans for steering urban development must use more specific instruments which can define, channel and spatialize strategies for large monographic sectors of the city, such as ecology, infrastructures, services or residential programs to an integrated urban landscape. An important property of these plans is the inclusion of active citizens (non-institutional politicians, entrepreneurs, specialists and laypersons) in the exchange of ideas for making joint decisions about the future of our cities. The “Plan” becomes more of a framework of reference and coordination in the process of development and implementation of urban projects. In this context terms like “General Plan” or “Master Plan” seems to be obsolete. A term like «Guiding Plan» is more preferred. Currently, communities, government bodies and relationships between them are at the beginning of a transformational process. This coincides with fraction in many spheres (Economy, Education, Attitude to environmental issues, etc.), which determine the shape of Ukrainian cities. So, we are now in a unique window of opportunity to determine appropriate instruments for managing urban development in a process-oriented way. As different as cities are and as different as specific tasks and goals of a “Guiding Plan” can be, as different it is also possible to imagine its formats and contents. To the sought after “Guiding Plan”, that will be able to respond appropriately and consistently to changing societal and urban influences, CANactions School for Urban Studies contributes the method of creating an “Urban Constitution”. The intention of an “Urban Constitution” is to influence ongoing political debate and discussions on the development opportunities for a city (Ivano-Frankivsk in STUDIO #1) and its region in the coming years. The method is adaptive, flexible and without formal requirements. However, its probably most important feature is to avoid the usual “General Plan Approach” (determined for construction and limited to macro-scale planning), but also not to lose oneself in uncoordinated micro-scale activism (tactical urbanism as often practiced by communities of interest). Therefore, an “Urban Constitution” provides a rather logical set of guiding principles, objectives and strategies for an ultimately positive development, linked with tactical interventions addressing local needs identified in the short term and from a human scale. Urs Thomann

196 / FROM GENERAL PLAN TO GUIDING PLAN: STRATEGIC TOOLS FOR CONTEMPORARY CITIES DEVELOPMENT


MACRO

INTENTION OF THE URBAN CONSTITUTION DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

EXISTING GENERAL PLAN

NEW MASTER PLAN

MICRO

URBAN CONSTITUTION

GUIDING PLAN

URBAN PROJECT(S)

URBAN PROJECT(S)

STATIC

DYNAMIC

STATIC

SWOT ANALYSIS

STRATEGIC TACTICAL FRAMEWORK INTERVENTIONS DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT

CASE STUDIES

URBAN STORIES DEVELOPMENT

UNDEVELOPED HYPOTHESES

FIELD WORK IN IVANOFRANKIVSK

LOCAL & REGIONAL TRENDS

PEOPLE, DATA, MAPS

PREPARATION & OVERVIEW FOR FIELD TRIP

5 WEEKS

WORLD’S BEST PRACTICES

4 WEEKS

BLOCK #3: URBAN CONSTITUTION DEVELOPMENT

GLOBAL TRENDS

BLOCK #2: EXPLORING THE CITY FROM WITHIN

URBAN CONSTITUTION

CANACTIONS SCHOOL METHODOLOGY

FROM GENERAL PLAN TO GUIDING PLAN: STRATEGIC TOOLS FOR CONTEMPORARY CITIES DEVELOPMENT / 197


Urban Constitution Development:

SELECTION OF BEST PRACTICES


Renewal of postindustrial areas Problem Obsolete industrial areas in the city that occupy a lot of space and remain unused, having agreat potential for reactivation and sustainable densification. Effect Brownfield development and transformation of the areas for housing, commercial, educational, cultural and mixed usage, reintegration of the area into city fabric.

Reuse for housing: Factories in Poblenou District in Barcelona, Spain Catalan News Agency

Actors City government initiated redevelopement before Barcelona hosted the Olympic Game in 1992. Later local business initiatives and locals were involved. About the project. Poblenou is an old industrial area in Barcelona. After the decline of the industry in the second part of XX century, abandoned factories were redeveloped. Currently it accommodates houses and offices adapted for today’s needs.

Conclusions for Ivano-Frankivsk IF also has enough obsolete and not used spaces within the city border, that can be used for new centres of leisure, cultural activities, social interaction or housing districts. Cultural reuse: SESC Pompeia in Sao Paulo, Brazil Personal research of A.Berestetska

Actors Nonprofit Social Service of Commerce, activists, contemporary architects, students, citizens. About the project SESC Pompeia is one of the earliest examples of transformation of post industrial constructions without erasing its history. The old factory barrels of oil embarking in Sao Paulo were turned into leisure center project SESC Pompeia. This leisure center consists of spaces of the old factory and two volumes five floors with a block of tennis, pool, workshop area, library, living rooms and exhibition, auditorium are distributed, a restaurant and a large solarium and is extremelly popular public space for citizens and tourists.

Non-Conventional Housing Units. Renovation of the industrial areas of Poblenou by Carme Pastor Anell (pinterest.com)

Weather-safe and vibrant public are of SESC Pompeia SELECTION OF BEST PRACTICES / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 199


Mixed reuse: Sulzer Areal in Winterthur, Switzerland

Non-profit orientated temporary usage in Zürich Switzerland Source: Lecture by Stefan Roschi from Social Service of Zürich

Source: Lecture by Stefan Roschi from Social Service of Zürich

Actors

Actors

City government, city parliament, citizens, owners, investors, university

Canto of Zürich, government, Social Service, artists,

About the project. City government decided to renovate an old factory for housing purpose and to use a part of it as a public and working space. This part became a special regime with special goals for the 10 years in order to allow activists to bring life to the place and preserve its industrial character. The main idea of the project is a benefit for people and the city before maximizing the profit of the owner.

About the project. Canton of Zurich owned two old buildings named Sihlquai in the city center with total area of 5500 m² that remained unused. With an aim of bringing different people, ideas and projects together for reasonable rents, the authorities offered the Social Services to use them. After one year all rooms were sub-rented by different tenants. Under same roof several self-financing activities are located: working space, ballet school, Photo Gallery, European Biennial of Contemporary Art, media, music, product design, handcraft, workshop collective, small labels. In this way instead of abandoned houses the city created innovative and creative cluster.

Sulzer Areal in Winterthur with a hostel, cafes and workshop and unique

Space for creativity

Indoor Valleyball in Sulzer Areal

Co-working space

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Participation in desicion-making process

Trust forum Zürich

Problem

About the project

Inactive society that is used to having no voice in important decisions about their city and living environment. Lack of trust between residents and local authorities provoked by one-way communication, insufficient information and involvement in decision-making processes.

Establishing the basis of communication between different actors is the aim of the forum. Shaping the process of urban design should get at least as much attention as the design of any built form in a respective process – because it is the process that creates the possible space for the building and NOT vice versa. Forum is a platform for communication of the citizens, which helps to find a common ground in the problematics for the community issues. This tool is applicable for different types of questions.

Effect Active citizens turned into important actors of decisionmaking processes, that are care about their environs and city, helping the important transformations and decisions to be achieved.

Summary of ‘Urban Bridges’ Project

Actors Public administration and citizens.

Conclusions for Ivano-Frankivsk Implementation of instruments for participation and trust can create a constant dialogue between civil society and city authority in the city. GIZ rehabilitation of the historic centre of Lviv CANactions and GIZ cooperation at Valova Str. Lviv, October 2015

Actors GIZ as initiator, citizens, Maisternia Mista, city government.

Trust forum sceme in Zürich, Switzerland

About the project

Quartier garden Hard, Zürich

Public platforms, like Maisternia Mista, are held for innovative citizen participation on decisions about the steps for rehabilitation of the historic centre, through awareness-raising measures of informational support, urban workshops and debates on major urban renewal issues. Practical training courses for craftspeople designed to ensure the use of correct techniques in rehabilitation work, provide jobs for other experts involved in the planning and rehabilitation process.

Stundets of CANactions present ideas to citizens of Valnova Str.

Lecture by Stefan Roschi from Social Service of Zürich

Actors Grün Stadt Zürich, Family garden club, inhabitants. About the project Transformation of private summer houses areas (dachas) into one of the biggest community gardens in Switzerland as the result of initiative for common co-creation of city and districts. The area of 6000 m² is managed by the local community users and it’s open for everyone who wish to participate. This project has positive impact on neighbourhood community building and increases the attractiveness of the area.

Entrance to the Hard Quartier Garden in Zürich SELECTION OF BEST PRACTICES / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 201


Co-housing Problem A city is often associated with anonymity. Despite living in dense areas citizens usually don’t know much about the neighbours that live next door. The social intercommunication can be very low. Effect Households are independent in their incomes and private lives, but neighbors collaboratively plan and manage community activities and shared spaces. It can be shared meals, meetings, and workdays, parties, games, movies, or other events. This process cultivates the culture of mutual caring and sharing and promotes frequent interaction and close relationship between neighbours.

The project from outside

Conclusions for Ivano-Frankivsk Changing a vector for construction boom to more social living in Ivano-Frankivsk could bring benefits both for potential residence and for the city. Kalkbreite, Zürich Lecture by Stefan Roschi from Social Service of Zürich

Actors citizens of the area, cooperative of Kalkbreite, city government. About the project The project Kalkbreite is an example of a new co-housing way by including social aspects in the planning and involvement citizens of the area and as potential tenants in decision-making process. The co-housing space which includes apartments with income-dependent rent, aiming to have social diversity. Also in Kalkbreite there are shared areas for residence. Financing is provided from two sources: half is from rental income and half from the earnings of renting out offices and a hostel.

Dinner with neighbours on the roof of Kalkbreite 202 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SELECTION OF BEST PRACTICES

Inner yard


Innovative infrastructure models Problem Urban extension creates a variety of issues: it creates new areas turned into places of new problems and conflict potentials, at the same time disconnecting places of work, leisure and housing. Effect Better use of existing infrastructure and reinforcement of polycentric structure creates a well-connected and pedestrian friendly green city within its compact size to increase the competitiveness and life quality. Conclusions for Ivano-Frankivsk

Agglomeration program of Greate Geneva Region based on different scales

Urban sprawl of I-F above the river banks can cause the same problems as Geneva and Vinnitsia faced. Efficient city development is based on the support of a politically educated society.

Regional development Vinnytsia

Greater Geneva Region

Actors Lecture by Han van de Wetering

Lecture by Urs Thomann

Planners, local authorities.

Actors

About the project

Planners, local authorities, communities, initiatives.

Vinnitsia has recently been transformed to the best lifequality city on national level. The idea behind the project is to use streets with pedestrians as a backbone, attractive and interesting environs, comfort, broad sidewalks, secure crossings, mix of public transport, bicycle and car traffic

About the project This is one of agglomeration programs realized in Switzerland. Greater Geneva Region development is characterized by combination of strong urban developments (densification of existing areas, new extensions) with high frequency public transport lines (tram, light-rail, trolleybus), reinforcement of sub centres with concentration of different (public) facilities integrated in the development lines and sustainable preservation of landscape. All project steps are feasible and were established with ongoing coordination and verification between all aspects.

Structure of uses in Vinnitsia

Plan of Great Geneva agglomeraiton

Visualization of infrastructure concept in Vinnitsia SELECTION OF BEST PRACTICES / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 203


Pedestrian connections in the city

project of building a pedestrian bridge aiming to reconnect center of Rotterdam with two separated regions of the city. Also the yellow wooden bridge connects commercial and communal spaces which are situated along the road.

Problem Many cities due to their compact size can have good pedestrian connection between districts. Yet, there are many barriers and obstacles that can prolong the tĂ­me spent on getting there or even security or cases. Sometimes citizens are unaware of the short distances in their environment, if those are unattractive for a potential walk. Effect By increasing the attractiveness of the walking ways and confronting environments there are different positive impacts of the live-quality in the city. The citizens are becoming healthier due to physical activity as well as to reduction of CO2 pollution produced by motorized vehicles and they feel more secure in their city. Conclusions for Ivano-Frankivsk Ivano-Frankivsk has a perfect size to become a bicycle and pedestrian town. Yet, some routes, especially those that lead to the rivers are not designed for a pedestrian/bike well-being. By improving their quality, city can contribute to the concept of healthy green city of short ways. The Luchtsingel, Rotterdam, Holland www.luchtsingel.org/en

Actors Zones Urbaines Sensibles Architecture Practice as initiator, financed with crowdfunding. About the project Architecture buro Zones Urbaines Sensibles initiated a

The yellow pedestrian bridge connects different neighbourhoods 204 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SELECTION OF BEST PRACTICES

Yellow way makes the unattractive parths of the road more waklable


Urban Constitution Development:

SWOT ANALYSIS led by Carla Coester, ANDRIUS NEMICKAS, Stefan Roschi


INTRO SWOT is a tool used in strategic planning that analyses situational Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities & Threats. While its origins lie in organizational management, the SWOT methodology has been applied to and adapted for use in an extremely broad array of applications and settings including for business, NGOs, and governments of all levels, including cities.

AIM Through SWOT analysis, one can identify important internal aspects (Strengths & Weaknesses) and external forces (Opportunities & Threats) that greatly affect existing and future potential city life. SWOT definitions including the following: Strengths are the existing capabilities or attributes of the city that positively influence the quality of life or are helpful in helping to achieve stated objectives. Weaknesses are the limitations the city has in its desire or effort to provide for its citizens. These also might be internal attributes which are harmful to achieving potential objectives. Opportunities are external trends or conditions that, if utilized properly, help a community achieve its goals. Threats are the external and, therefore, uncontrollable risks or problems the locality might face which hinder its ability to achieve its desired goals or reach a desired state.

GENERAL APPROACH SWOT analysis has two broad steps. The first is a ‘brainstorming’ of specific SWOT attributes for clearly identified aspects of city life. The result is a separate lists of S, W, O & Ts within each focus area. Prioritizing these lists is also an important part of the process. The second step is to find various combinations of internal attributes and external forces that matter most for the city so that the city can organize its policy efforts effectively to to pursue possible strategic goals or objectives for improving city life. It is in creating this foundation for strategy development that we see the real benefits from SWOT analysis. In the case of Ivano Frankivsk, CANactions students applied SWOT analysis to five specific focus areas - Ecology, Economy, Culture & Heritage, Infrastructure, and Politics & Society. Each focus group independently generated lists of possible S, W, O & Ts for Ivano Frankivsk for their specific focus area. Then, in an exercise of democracy, open discussions were moderated on each aspect identified by each group with an attempt to gain consensus. Majority voting by all students was used to determine both whether or not an idea was included and its its relative priority. This very long and detailed process formed the foundation for the next stage – TOWS Analysis. While identifying the specific components of SWOT is useful, 206 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SWOT ANALYSIS

the real benefit of the analysis for strategic planning purposes is to determine the potential for utilizing internal traits to affect external influences in a way that can benefit of the city. By creating a 2x2 matrix of external threats & opportunities with internal weaknesses & threats (TOWS), this analysis can be taken to the level of strategic application. Students analyzed possible combinations of factors that took one of four forms: 1. Applying strengths to fight against potential threats; 2. Using strengths to take improve existing opportunities; 3. Minimizing weaknesses to take advantage of opportuni-

OUTCOMES Matching internal factors (strengths, weaknesses) to external factors (opportunities, threats) in this way that leads to clear understandings of potential policy objectives the city might choose pursue. Students analyzed these options, discussed their potential for positive impact on the city and designed several recommendations for strategic objectives for the city. And the combination of these recommendations formed the basis for the overall visioning process.


SWOT PROCESS From the first glance the urban constitution is a hierarchic scheme of Ivano-Frankivsk strategic development. Ironically the entire structure initially is built around the SWOT exercise perceived to define deep processes of the city. Following steps were performed: 1. In the graphical scheme you clearly recognize the first step defining Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. 2. Later combined in pairs the units form different type scenarios Maxi-Maxi, Mini-Maxi, Mini-Mini where the core idea is either to use the existing potential to surplus the advantage or overcome the existing obstacles. 3. Such scenarios finally are gathered in meaningful strategic objectives which guide the actions and interventions of each group. Complex results for each team are presented after examples.

CULTURE & HERITAGE PROCESS EXAMPLE TOWS

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE

Architectural heritage

SO(++)

policy

Unique complex of architectural heritage as a basis for context-based city development

OPPORTUNITIES

WT(--) Harmonious mix in city fabric

THREATS

WEAKNESSES

STRENGTHS

SWOT

Loss of unique city identity

Improve government policy to prevent loss of unique city environment identity

PROTECTION OF CITY HERITAGE WITH FURTHER SUPPORT OF CONTEXT-BASED DESIGN FOR FUTURE REDESIGN OF OLD SPACES

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ECOLOGY

WEAKNESSES

STRENGTHS - Geo position near the Carpathians - City with 2 rivers&lake actively used by citizens - Clean river/drinking water sources - Clean air conditions through the Carpathians - Short-distance access of natural resources - Existing use of green energy

- Polluted areas caused by cars along the roads - Uncontrolled use of natural resources - Low accessability of water resources - Broken links of the chain in waste management - Olfactory noises affecting human well-being - Underused of recreational zones in the city - Lack of strong position of NGO`s - Split of the natural landscape by industrial areas - Bad greenary management - Obsolete water communications - Potential pollution of the former industrial plants - Use of fosphates detergents affects ecology

OPPORTUNITIES -Uniting IF to the broader ecosystem of the Carpathians - New technologies for oil&gas extraction in an eco-friendly way - Innovative west regulation of managnent - Education in uni`s as a potential for future ecobased management leaders - Use of natural resources in a higher quality way for the public - Develop green energy potential - Compact city a base of healthy way of living

THREATS - Privatization of natural resources and spaces - Collapse during the construction boom, increases unused area - Kalush related eco-desister - Eco hazard due to different paces of modernisation - Oil&Gas extractinos eco-hazard - Potential risk of flooding - Lack of waste factories capacity - Discovery new oil&gas deposits in or near IF

STRENGTHS+OPPORTUNITIES - Existing use of green energy - Develop green energy potential - Geo position near the Carpathians - Uniting IF to the broader ecosystem of the Carpathians - Short-distance access of natural resources - Use of natural resources in a higher quality way for the public

WEAKNESSES+THREATS - Uncontrolled use of natural resources - Potential risk of flooding - Underused of recreational zones in the city - Privatization de-facto of natural resources and public spaces

STRENGTHS+OPPORTUNITIES - Existing use of green energy - Develop green energy potential - Geo position near the Carpathians - Uniting IF to the broader ecosystem - Short-distance access of natural resources - Use of natural resources in a higher quality way for the public

OPPORTUNITIES+WEAKNESSES - Polluted areas caused by cars along the roads - Compact city as a base of healthy way of living - Lack of strong position of NGO`s - Education in uni`s as a potential for future eco-based management leaders 208 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SWOT ANALYSIS


CULTURE & HERITAGE STRENGTHS - Stanislav Phenomenon - Architectural heritage - Ethnic based arts&crafts - PLAST scout organisation - Respect for family traditions - Sheptytskiy moral authority - Big influence of Europe culture&experience

WEAKNESSES - Neglected values because of low level cultural education - Insufficient government policy - Gap and misunderstanding between actors - Absence of cultural clusters - Lack of culture-interested people - Lack of connections and conditions for international involvment

THREATS OPPORTUNITIES - International educational hub - Evaluation of “Creative City” strategy - Harmonious mix in city fabric - Share local arts&crafts on global market - Public-Private-People cooperation - Wooden design city centre - Ethnical arts&crafts centre

- Braindrain - Loss of unique city identity - Win of rural mentality - “Tourist Lviv” negative experience - Clash of international cultures - Nationalistic development of culture

STRENGTHS+OPPORTUNITIES - Literature based “Creative City” strategy as tourist attraction» - Unique complex of architectural heritage as a basis for contex-based city development - Sheptytskyi moral authority & respect for family traditions as a basis for private-public-people cooperation - Global sales of local hand-made Arts&Crafts

WEAKNESSES+THREATS - Improve government policy to prevent loss of unique city environment identity

STRENGTHS+THREATS - Culture activists provide education to uprise mentality of the society» - Facilitate influence of European culture to prevent win of “rural” mentality - Development of international Oil&Gas educational hub to prevent reaching no-return bottom in education

OPPORTUNITIES+WEAKNESSES - Sufficient Public-Private-People cooperation is a key to overcome the gap of misunderstanding between actors

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ECONOMY STRENGTHS - Active and successful entrepreneurship - Zarobitchany as indirect investors - Building development boom - Foreign direct investments (companies&factories) - Proximity to EU - Ecosystem to progressive friendly business - Wood resources (industry) - Very fast and effective trendsetting (entrepreneurship) - Low wages - People to people connections - Foreign students (oil and gas)

OPPORTUNITIES - Quality human resources development - Decentralization (city is responsible for money itself) - Subcenters development (equal life - quality on each district) - Market rethinking (legal regulation of markets) - Rethinking public spaces economy (adding of economy-profitable functions) - Post industrial spaces usage - IT industry development - Alternative flows of economy - Crowdfunding resources - Business oriented green economy - Alternative tourism (business, art, gastro‌) - Educationsl institution as economy focus - Oil and gas resourses - Resource + added value export

WEAKNESSES+THREATS - Linking education with business and industries to create alternative education possibilities for leading businesses and industries needs, considering importaint city development directions. - Virtualisation of government system and ownerships information in order of solving complicated situation with postindustrial spaces, lands and properties ownership in the city.

WEAKNESSES - Poor human resources management practice - No retail regulation - Building industry is not properly regulated (regulating quality, location, quantity) - Bad conditions for small and medium business(shadow economy and low effectiveness) - Poor enabling environment for future businesses - Complicated situation with post industrial spaces - Non-surviving old people economy - Mistrust to city administration (no connections between government, public and business) - Gap of human/hours spent by zarobitchany abroad (pensions, pension takes) - Low quality and bad management of university & professional education

THREATS - Desiciond on the state level that influence local economy - Default in the country - Braib drain - Lack of educational management on the state level - Impossible to work abroad and send money to Ukraine - Dictatorship (not transparent system) - Decreasing population in Ukraine - Heavy industry - Urbanization

STRENGTHS+OPPORTUNITIES - Small business investments redirection, considering economy activity type, zoning (in preferable development locations: sub centers development, postindustrial spaces usage, new public spaces economy), and focusing on quality and important city development directions - Attracting constructing investments to preferable development locations: sub centers development and postindustrial spaces usage for conscious densifying of urban structure within the existing city boarders, creating diversities in urban texture typology and focusing on quality, eco-friendly and sustainable construction - Providing a smart zoning of postindustrial spaces, with possibility of developing new industries only as revitalization projects of postindustrial spaces, within areas, which will stay marked for industrial needs, focusing on local manufacturing and green economy directions

OPPORTUNITIES+WEAKNESSES - Zoaning the retail, creating mixed use of markets, creating an alternative economy opportunities for weak social groups 210 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SWOT ANALYSIS


INFRASTRUCTURE STRENGTHS - Walkable city - Good water sewage system - Existing hotels & gastronomic places - Close location to Europe - Connection to Carpathians - Improving road system - Transit position of gas artery - Airport of regional importance - Bikers friendly city - Advanced health services - Municipal electric public transport

WEAKNESSES - Spreading city to opposite banks of the rivers - Insufficient amount of bridges - Lack of regulation and proper management - Obsolete & unorganized public transport system - Insufficient & uncomfortable external - Connections to IF - Lack of complementary infrastructure for residential areas - Insufficient & uncomfortable internal - Connections to IF - Undeveloped infrastructure around recreational water resources lack of information infrastructure

THREATS OPPORTUNITIES - Walkable city - health citizens - Welcoming city relief for bicycles - Abandoned post industrial spaces - Eco-friendly transport regulation and management - Medical network as destination for international tourists - Tourist services for short stay

- Overloaded infrastructure due to chaotic city space development - Tourist oriented infrastructure development - Increasing price of services due to tourism attractiveness - Ghetto uprising

STRENGTHS+OPPORTUNITIES - Optimize existing space of the city in actual boundaries by developing pedestrian & bicycle infrastructure, improving quality of surfaces - Improve road system near postindustrial spaces in increase investmenst attractivness - Use the attractivness & geographical location of Carpathian region to create international transoirtation hub (avia+vehicles+railroad) - Using existing gas & oil regional infrastructure tp initiate developing science and innovational platform based on oil&gas university - Create a complex informational (informational support, apps, discount system) to increase touristic value of the city

WEAKNESSES+THREATS - To ensure clear regulation, to enable active participation of civil society, udate building database to avoidchaotic spacial city development

OPPORTUNITIES+WEAKNESSES - Densification of the IF by using abandoned postindustrial spaces to avoid city spreading to opposite sides of the river - Improve and develope eco friendly transport to increase quality and attractiviness of public trasport system

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POLITICS & SOCIETY STRENGTHS - Everybody knows everyone - Well-developed culture of political dialogue - Social active business - Active civil society stakeholders - Social coherence on the basis of Ukrainian identity - High moral values set up by church

WEAKNESSES - Populism as a primary milestone in a dialogue between politics and society - Corrupted top down decision making system at the same time serving individual interests - Nepotism - Distorted understanding of society role in the political process

THREATS OPPORTUNITIES - Civil society becomes a strong player in the city. - Transparent voting system due to e¬services and citizen’s funding of the political parties - Reorganization of decision making process through envolvement of civil society - Favorable climate for doing business, which attract new ones (business philosophy). - Reinforcement of society for a brain¬gain (social phylosophy)

- Manipulation of the past leads to contradictions in society - Fake decentralization (the same). - Ineffective and nondependent NGOs - Uncontrolled immigration and brain¬drain - Militaristic atmosphere caused by soldiers who returned from ATO - Gaining power by totalitarian leader

OPPORTUNITIES+WEAKNESSES - Distorted understanding of NGO’s activity and results in the city - Corruption included nepotism is out of procedure because of reorganization of decision making with active involvment of NGO.

STRENGTHS+OPPORTUNITIES - City development as a result of cooperation NGO’s and social responsible business - Creating of new innovative businesses to reinforce reverse migration and brain­gain

STRENGTHS+THREATS - Social responsible business provide aid to ex­soldiers and create workplaces for them (NGO is a link between them) - Involvement of NGO’s in the process of resocialization of soldiers who returned from ATO in order to avoid militarization in society - Manipulation with NGO’s leads outwards the city development to the populism

WEAKNESSES+THREATS - Creating of the platform which help to monitor implementation of decentralization - Provide political education to avoid radicalization which could be caused bynmanipulation with the past - Distorted activity multiplies corruption between NGO’s, nepotism. It blocks activity and creates conflicts between them

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URBAN CONSTITUTION led by MIODRAG KUČ, ANDRIUS NEMICKAS, URS THOMANN, VLADYSLAV TYMINSKYI


INTRO The establishment of the ‘Urban Constitution’ reflects the stages of research, analysis, strategic conceptualization and situational awareness of STUDIO #1 working with IvanoFrankivsk.

AIM The goal of the elaboration process of the ‘Urban Constitution’ is to probe the basic beliefs and expectation of differences in terms of planning and to generate a common vision for future development, based on knowledge and data acquired by the analysis, site experience and mediation of views.

GENERAL APPROACH The ‘Urban Constitution’ is the result of the collective efforts of the entire team. Its formulation was a discursive process that involved all students as well as local experts and outside specialists. The basis consists of the grouping and prioritization of focus-specific strategies which then are synthesized and presented as a schematic strategy that integrates multiple aspects of planning such as localization, short-term and long-term actions and identification of relevant stakeholders of measures.

OUTCOMES The ‘Urban Constitution’ provides a rather logical set of guiding principles, objectives and strategies for an ultimately positive development in long term and on macro scale, linked with tactical interventions addressing local needs identified in the short term and from a human scale. A strategic development plan is provided with the Synthesis Map and a Visualization of the City Vision at Eye-Level, that illustrates the aimed outcomes of strategic and tactical interventions.

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URBAN CONSTITUTION STRUCTURE CITY VISION

GUIDING PRINCIPLES ECOLOGY

CULTURE

ECONOMY

INFRASTRUCTURE

SOCIETY

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

FOCUS-SPECIFIC STRATEGIES

SYNTHESIS MAP EYE-LEVEL VISUALIZATION

TACTICAL INTERVENTIONS

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Urban Constitution:

ECOLOGY

DASHA PODOLTSEVA, OLEKSANDER SHEVCHENKO, MARIIA KUPRIIAN


GUIDING PRINCIPLE Ivano-Frankivsk is an energy self-sufficient city that responsibly integrates its natural resources into the daily lives of the citizens.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1.Create a human-focused walking network for day-to-day life. 2.Implement self-sufficient ‘green’ energy development. 3.Strong environmental responsibility. 4.City ensures careful use of natural sources and empty areas by local communities.

FOCUS-SPECIFIC STRATEGY According to developed guiding principle for the ecology focused group, Ivano-Frankivsk is an energy self-sufficient city that responsibly integrates its natural resources into the daily lives of the citizens. The aforementioned natural resources are the core base for the city from the ecological perspective, thus, the strategic objectives are based on delivery of convenient use of recreational zones to every citizen of Ivano-Frankivsk. Creating a human-focused walking network for dayto-day life is a statement, that should become the catalyst for the further strategic steps as through the easy access to the natural heritage people value it most of all. As an example, without a river, life of an ordinary citizen will not be that complete. Apart from being situated on an intersection of energy infrastructure routes, Ivano-Frankivsk has its own energy potential. It consists of mainly timber, coal, oil, and gas resources. Based on a set of interviews with infrastructure engineers, oil and gas specialists, and modern trends in energy efficiency we assumed that shift in the energy system may change Ivano-Frankivsk to energy self-sufficient city. This means a broad range of measures directed to improvement of the energy dependence (e.g. investments into horizontal drilling for effective oil and gas extraction, insulation of the residential buildings, individual regulators of heating for each flat, etc.). City should also promote strong environmental re218 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / ECOLOGY

sponsibility, because “No matter if you are a sweeper or a city mere you should be responsible for the environment adjacent to your daily life” . Unfortunately, uncontrolled territories often provoke the developers for the illegal actions either the excavation of the natural resources within the city or placement of a construction site on an empty space that used to be a courtyard or faces the waterfront of the lake. The spatial dimension of the proposed map depicts the available natural diversity of the city and two levels of infrastructure to access the nature. Firstly the alternative walking routes, which create an opportunity of getting from A to B bypassing the highways and major obstacles. Such routes form a network that allows every citizen reach recreation zone within his/her neighborhood in a short time and efforts. Secondly , ensuring equality of rights on the highways between public transport, pedestrians, cyclists, private motorcars is the priority for the eco-friendly mobility within the city.

TACTICAL INTERVENTION “Walking virus” – is a socio-environmental campaign that aims to restore the missing free and pleasant access to the natural resources of Ivano-Frankivsk. It develops the defined strategic objective of creating a walkable human-focused network in the city.


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"WALKING VIRUS" STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1. Create a human-focussed walking network for day-today life.

Walking Virus – is a socio-environmental campaign that aims to restore the missing free and pleasant access to the natural resources of Ivano-Frankivsk. It develops the defined strategic objective of creating a walkable human-focussed network in the city. It works as a step-by-step infection of the city by including walkable route-links to a picturesque place into a general Walking Virus network. Every stage of the campaign is

a single route developed due to its context (university, school, datcha, etc.). It develops in an iterative passage for different social groups who have relation to this area. The intermediate goal is uniting these social groups and producing a milestone at the end of the route. In a continuation this milestone will become the starting point for the next stage.

As being surrounded by a number of natural destinations Ivano-Frankivsk does not guarantee an appropriate access to them. The map depicts the routes that form the walking network interconnecting the city in such way. Gradual development of defined routes sets the core process of ‘walking infection’. The highlighted route was chosen to

become the first pilot-route of this campaign. The following two routes will form a single loop of three routes as a single unit. This will indicate the finalisation of the first stage, where the awareness and popularity allow launching the second strategic campaign.

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Pilot route

Route concept

As shown below the route is designed to guarantee involvement on different scales. That means that the society covered by the route area consists of various scale groups as well (e.g. micro-district, university, courtyard communities). The pilot route connects central part of the city with a ‘German Lake’, thus, north-west of the city is included

to the route area. The first stage of the campaign aims to bring different social groups to the process of ‘walking’ the route with marking and photo fixation of different kinds of obstacles and barriers. At the destination point each group is supposed to construct a certain part of the ‘milestone’ pavilion and discuss the outcomes of the walk.

PREPARARTION PHASE

• Development of the spatial component of the route, definition of the thematic elements within it. • Construction design of the main residence ‘milestone’ pavilion on the island.

• Design of the intermediate signage and support elements. • Preparation of the online platform as an information channel for the gathered artefacts. ECOLOGY / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 221


ACTION PHASE

• Forming an initiative group is the core of the entire process, as they are to become the catalysts of the broad campaign process. • Forming the stakeholders groups portfolio for the particular route based on social topology of the area. • Launching the regular week-end ‘walk’ for each group every week with articulation/fixing of the ‘travel bugs’ on

ACTORS

TIMELINE

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the way, constructing a correspondent part of the pavilion, discussing the outcomes of the day together. • Devoting one common final event to finalisation of the Route and the Pavilion with further discussion of the second volume of the Virus Walking Campaign.


OUTCOMES 1. ‘REPAIRING THE WAY’ Focused attention to the specific route problems aims to reach critical mass to solve the issues, thus, creating an image of effective tool and mechanism. People walking in

different groups iteratively address the same issues of the route uploading the results to the local platform linked to city authorities.

2. ‘TALKING BETWEEN GROUPS’

3. ‘MAKING THE OWNERSHIP SENSE STRONGER’

Interaction between the focus and initiative groups throughout the process has particular weight as an instrument of social integration and creation of micro-links in the society.

Working together on the ‘milestone’ project will ensure creation of a public residence, which will retain a microdistrict hotspot for the community after the end of the active phase of the process.

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Urban Constitution:

CULTURE & HERITAGE BOGDAN KAPATSILA, ANNA LEVADNA


GUIDING PRINCIPLE The city respects its heritage and involves citizens in the integrated development of its cultural life and landscape.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1. Efficient government policy protects city heritage and supports context-based design for future constructions and redesign of the old spaces. 2. Foster a robust arts community where artists and creative industries thrive and ensure local and global awareness of these activities for people’s support and tourist attraction. 3. Arts and creative industries become an integral part of city development.

FOCUS-SPECIFIC STRATEGY Deep research and fieldtrip outcomes proved that Ivano-Frankivsk is reach in its architectural and cultural heritage. Nevertheless, some problems limit city development, among them we observed neglected heritage, lack of culture life outside the city center and lack of cooperation between actors. In order to overcome them, a guiding principle was formulated. Generally, it means that efficient government policy protects city heritage and supports context-based design for the future. On a spatial level the desire to expand the official frames of city center to the whole historical area that is important for city identity is declared. This is the subject, that the first part of the Culture & Heritage strategy covers. On the other hand, to foster a robust arts community where artists and creative industries ensure local and global awareness of their activities and become an integral part of city development it is proposed to create cultural network that will bring culture to unexpected areas. The idea behind this is to move from top-down approach of city cultural life mangement to self-organizing model, where citizens actively start, participate and visit various occasions using as less eternal resources as possible. A tactic, designed for this, is only a first step in the chain reaction that is supposed to appear.

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TACTICAL INTERVENTION “Tag the Heritage” - is a small intervention project designed to attract the local residents’ attention to the importance of their property for the city image and history. The desired outcome could be the formation of active community that will push the idea of preservation and protection until its governmental implementation. “Culture Intervention Truck” - is a simply designed stage on wheels with all the needed equipment will provide an opportunity to make a pop-up festival in every corner of the city. It is assumed that such a possibility of cheap rent will activate citizens, uprise their desire for coherent activities, allow easily accessible education and help creative people to bring new life into unexpected areas.


IVANO-FRANKIVSK

CULTURE & HERITAGE GROUP

INFORMATION - Historical city centre

- City border

- Railroad

- Roads

NETWORKED CULTURE STRATEGY - Focus mainly on social/community aspects - Focus on social & spatial aspects

HERITAGE PROTECTION STRATEGY expanding on importan historical areas

- Historical areas upon improved heritage protection

Dot size reperesents events priority.

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ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION controls should be provided. 3. Foundation of specific government institution to investigate, control and preserve city heritage is to be organized. MANAGMENT AND DEVELOPMENT Conservation of important buildings is to play a significant role in city heritage strategy, as the well as the creative usage of existing areas together with redesign of empty and unused spaces:

In order to save the unique spirit of Ivano-Frankivsk and to sustain diverse aspects of the city, heritage is an essential part of the strategy for development as it preserves and protects cultural legacy of ancestors. Although, old city center is protected by law, because of continuous grow and change of Ivano-Frankivsk as well as imperfection of regulation rules, a lot of valuable buildings have already been transformed or even destroyed. At the same time, large districts of law unprotected historical storied buildings are treated by their caring owners who often don’t have a needed understanding of the importance of their property. Thus interesting and rich landscapes are endangered and should become a consequential topic among citizens. Together with traditions, memories and rituals, architectural heritage is at the heart of community identity, thus it is crucially important to be sustained through protection, adaptation, reuse and creative interpretation. Heritage strategy implementation is a lingering process, thus it should be divided into concrete steps. The rapid tactical part includes identification with communication and protection with managing are continuous activities. IDENTIFICATION Firstly, it should be understood what are the heritage places and their value. Ideally, they should be enlisted in the registry and protected by city council, but several essential steps could be performed by activists: 1. Placing of distinguishing markers on the most valuable items. 2. Development of information system with a list of most prominent buildings, those irrevocably spoiled and only endangered. 3. Informational campaign among local stakeholders in order to form a strong neighborhood of heritage connoisseurs. CONSERVATION Public awareness and interest is to be represented through government activities and development of concrete regulations, technical consultations and financial support. Some of the steps can be: 1. Undertake a review of heritage in the mixed use areas of the city as well as post-industrial places. 2. Solutions for gaps and inconsistences in existing 228 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / CULTURE & HERITAGE

1. Establish advisory board and restoration fund as a result of public-private-people partnerships to support activities related to possible heritage issues. 2. Investigate possible culture-oriented ways of city owned heritage usage. 3. Provide education and promotion of context-based design among industry professionals. COMMUNICATION AND CELEBRATING The implementation of strategy can be considered as successful if all the actors actively participate in heritage preservation and certain social benefits appear. To ensure this process such steps should be performed: 1. Establishement the network between heritage organizations and historical districts neighborhoods. 2. Involvement of various actors in city identity promotion through educational events and festivals. 3. Production of new information materials for people of wider community with an interest in heritage. The end date of this heritage strategy can not be estimated, as long as the city will continue developing and new interesting places will appear, thus the key points of it should be maintained and used for the successful evolution of the city.


"TAG THE HERITAGE" STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE: 1. Efficient government policy protects city heritage and supports context-based design for future constructions and redesign of the old spaces. In the 18-19th century the city was full of landowners, that is why on the town-planning level the neighborhoods were designed with huge inner yards, where the owners had gardens and buildings were located on the perimeter of the streets. That’s why Ivano-Frankivsks architectural significance is not in the single vivid examples, but rather in the complex of one story private houses with green gardens in between. These streets are the seductive lure for the city developers for multi-storey construction in the city center. On the other hand, current hosts of these buildings often do not understand the value of their property historical appearance thus reconstruct it concerning only mundane needs with disregard to the general view, context and materials. This “plastic surgery” changes historical skyline drastically and definitely should be stopped.

be eager to support the project. Actors involved in further steps can be various NGOs with further actions, investors with financial support, historians and activists with awareness raising lectures. This community is to become a driving force for the preservation of the considerable streets.

The tactics proposed is based on the idea that to successfully overcome any problem, it should be defined first. Thus, local residents will be notified about the importance of their houses and will be given a contact list of responsible professionals as well as activists, who will

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HISTORICAL DISTRICT With time, when the city became more modern, the heirs of the old owners started to sell the land beside their houses. Thus, new construction started on the territories that used to be green. In some cases, it is private cottages, but more and more often building companies buy the land and build the houses much higher than they should. That lead us to conclusion that city heritage should be preserved not only on the level of proper restauration and protection of historical

buildings but on the urban level as well. The structure of the neighborhoods should stay the same. On the map we see that some green yards are already spoiled with new construction and the structure of neighborhoods on Harkushi and Hrushevskogo Street is almost destroyed. In addition, we see that some valuable for the city spirit streets have “kaput renovieren” problem, which is very severe in Ivano-Frankivsk. Many historical and important for the city streets have one-story private buildings, which need renovations. However, usually owners make restorations by themselves, without competent specialists’ consultation that leads to historical environment destruction.

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"CULTURE INTERVENTION TRUCK" STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE: 3. Arts and creative industries become an integral part of city development.

With its reach history and layers of international inhabitants, Ivano-Frankivsk definitely has what to offer not only to the citizens, but also to the tourists. This includes architectural heritage, natural resources and of course intangible culture, combined of literature & art, music & crafts.

Although best examples of it are well-known not only in the city itself, but widely abroad, the presence of culture in everyday life and its influence are quite doubtful. Problems, observed in the city, are not unique, but common for Ukrainian historical city. It is important to point out among them neglected heritage, lack of culture sub centers outside city center, absence of cooperation between actors and different systems of values of citizens.

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Of course, each of this problems should be solved separately, but a certain tactic can be applied generally for any place, that more or less improves the situation. Culture Intervention Truck or CIT in short is a simply designed stage on wheels with all the needed sound equipment, as well as chairs and tents for retail and workshops that provides an opportunity to make a pop-up festival in every corner of the city. The idea of the project is based on the necessity of new culture centers development and uses the principle of mobility for organization of different public events. Of course, first round of happenings will be provoked and operated by newformed culture NGO, but citizens are expected to become active initiators of the future shows. Although, the variations of occasions are limitless, four typical organizational scenarios can be provided that are based on the geographical location: sleeping district, historical district, green area and industrial zone, that gives certain limitation for every of them.


CULTURE NGO Every great idea needs a good implementation, and for the project of interventions it is proposed to organize a new non-government organization with a cultural specialization. As a starting point there can be an international or city grant to buy all the needed equipment, with future incomes from private rents and donations. Primal purposes should

THE PROCESS Of course, it is hard to imagine that everyone will be overwhelmed with a rent opportunity, but at least the process of event organization should be very convenient. Ideally, the one who applies for the CIT will send a letter of inquiry and receive an approval for rent. As long as the

be promotion and administration of cultural activities, but this NGO would also search for connection points with city authorities, involvement of volunteers into construction phase, further support and maintenance by having a team of technician and sound engineer who are in charge of the equipment. The presence of service staff is obligatory for every occasion as well as city council is supposed to provide medical and police support for the citizens’ safety. and it is also expected to provide all the document support in order to make the process of organization as easy as possible.

truck will not be occupied 24/7 for social purposes, the opportunity to rent it for private retail events can also exist. Nevertheless, it always should meet the regulations of a place for event (sound, guests number, possible activities) and in case of free of charge usage, certain physical outcomes for the place and society improvements have to appear. At the same time NGO will go an extra mile, and help those locals, who want to add new places to the list of possible locations.

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TIMELINE & ACTORS

A year should start with NGO organization, that will work on promotion, money accumulation and negotiations with city council. The last is supposed to help with documentation and construction, future medical and police support. 234 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / CULTURE & HERITAGE

It is visible that role of NGO is crucially high at the beginning, but it falls down gradually as a project becomes known and accepted. Involvement of officials is stable, while talents are expected to actively participate and organise new events.


It is assumed that such a possibility of cheap rent of mobile equipment and a set of culture festivals will activate citizens, uprise their desire for coherent activities, allow easily accessible education and give a possibility for creative

people to bring new life into unexpected areas. At the same, time young artists will receive a potential for selfdevelopment and a stage for performance, providing new possibilities for other creative strategies. CULTURE & HERITAGE / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 235


DISTRIBUTION Although this map looks like a top-down planned Corbusier, it is more of a proposal, than dictatorship, but it is believed that the initiative will trigger citizens’ activity and bring interesting events to many city districts. Eventually, it is assumed that for certain places it will become a physical fulcrum, around which the cultural life of city revolves. At least, this is a basic plan for the first round of cultural events in the city.

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OUTCOMES

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EXEMPLARY CASE

Following pages provide visualization for the possible outcomes through a number of events, launched by a letter of inquiry for one yard. Although a successful case is depicted, it is clear that not every event can have such positive consequences.

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#1: COZY EVENING SHEDULE: 16:00 - 18:00 Cleaning and preparing space 18:00 - 19:30 Prohasko literature readings 19:30 - 20:30 Wine&Cheese degustations 20:30 - 23:00 Classical music concert NUMBER OF PEOPLE:50 ACTORS: NGO, City Council, Prohasko, Musitians from Philarmonia, Restaurant representatives, Media Guests. SOCAIL IMPACT: Neighbors meet each other. Media attention spreads the news about event, population of the neighborhoods nearby become interested. SPATIAL IMPACT: The yard is cleaned and organized.

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#3: EVENT ORGANIZED BY LOCALS SCHEDULE: 18:00 - 20:00 Film festival for locals 20:00 - 21:00 Wine&Cheese degustations 21:00 - 23:00 Film festival for locals ACTORS: Local citizens. NUMBER OF PEOPLE:50 SOCIAL IMPACT: Locals are ready to organize different kinds of events by themselves and invite other citizens. Small groups of activists are created and develop their own activities in created tents. SPATIAL IMPACT: Successful project implementation as inspiration to other neighborhoods. Creating of similar events in other yards.

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Urban Constitution:

ECONOMY ANNA PASHYNSKA, ANTON SUKHAR, YULIA ZALOMAIKINA


GUIDING PRINCIPLE Ivano-Frankivsk is a sustainable economic model based on conscious directing, linking and using resources for city

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1. Develop the city sustainably by conscious directing of resources. 2. Develop the human potential by enhancing value quality and productivity of the city`s most valuable asset human capital. 3. Transform the city economy by increasing the value of local primary goods and services.

FOCUS-SPECIFIC STRATEGY The economic situation is definitely not easy in Frankivsk, in Ukraine and in the whole world. To move forward we should rethink our views on economics in general. During these studies, we were trying to define and were driven by certain overall principles. Those were: - An economy from greek οίκος – household and νέμoμαι – manage. We should keep in our mind that economy is about managing and balancing our resources to live well, and not about using the resources for the biggest profit, whatever it takes. And as in our own household, first of all we need to clean up and reorgonize. - Economy is about the production, distribution or trade and about the consumption. To ensure the sustainable development of economics we should work on both. - There is definitely a big amount of restrictions for a proper economic development of Ivano-Frankivsk, as legal system, political structure, social organization, values and so on. But we should change our point of view and understand them as an inspiration, challenge important for developing new innovative solutions - Only a collaborative interdisciplinary win-win approach can help us to deal with our challenges. Considering aforementioned, to develop the city sustainably by conscious directing of resources certain steps are to be performed: - Densifying sub centers by attracting and focusing businesses and construction for proper intensity distribution in the city. - Using existing postindustrial areas within the city as revitalization projects, as land plots for housing or for needs of any other new construction. - Developing industries in postindustrial areas, which will still have zoning for industrial needs. 246 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / ECONOMY

- Focusing businesses and industries on green economy for sustainable city development. - To release the city center from services for locals creating preferable conditions for important specific economic activities for the city center. - Densify economic activities on the main corridors of city development ( TOD-transport orientated city development). - Zoning the retail and creating mixed use of markets. - Creating new public spaces economy. To develop the human potential by enhancing value quality and productivity of the city`s most valuable asset human capital: - Linking education with business and industry. - Developing alternative education possibilities and retraining programs for leading businesses and industry’s needs. - Focusing on developing and updating oil and gas university. - Reinforcing vocational schools. - Creating an alternative economy opportunities for weak social groups. - Providing quality information to the citiezens to educate and increase the demand on smart product. And finally, to transform the city economy by increasing the value of local primary goods and services: - Linking industries to develop a chain for local product creation. - Providing favorable conditions for industries and businesses with primary for the city directions (greean economy, light manufacturing). - Developing skilled workforce for primary economic directions. - Increasing the demand on the local quality product. - Attracting brains, grants and investments to develop primary for the city industries. - Regulation of local resources export.

TACTICAL INTERVENTION Cooperative - housing (or co-housing in short) is an alternative to the typical constructing scheme. People appear to be an investor, developer and client rolled into one, which allows to minimize costs. Return on investment is not the main motivating factor behind project. Project idea focuses on creating not only building but a strong community. Co-housing encourages social diversity, mixed use of space and custom-fit to particular needs.


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Transport hub. Business center. Entertaiment. Mixed use. To release the city center from services for locals creating preferable conditions for important specific Economic activities dynamic. economic activities for the city center. Transport hub. Business center. Entertaiment. Postindustrial spaces revitalization. Mixed use. Local manufacturing, green idustries. Economic activities dynamic. Postindustrial spaces revitalization.

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"CO-HOUSING" ‘’The one who has no future project, appears to be only a resource for those who has one.’’ - Valeriy Pekar, businessman and public figure This appeared to be very relevant for Ivano-Frankivsk. What should be the model: we have city’s resources (human, natural, financial, intellectual/creative, industrial/technological, social etc.) and we have our future project. Those two points form the development vector. In between we need to take the right action. In this model, projects, which appear are the tactics in the strategy. Today the resources of the city are having two directions – being given away, for example

natural resources, as wood, are exported without any added value, or best minds are going away for better opportunities on bigger country’s and world’s markets; or resources are being developed in personal profit interests. To direct the economic activities of IvanoFrankivsk it needs a common strategy, with benefits and guidelines for everyone.

Existing situation in housing

One of the intentions was creating a tactical intervention for the city. On the ground of our strategies emerged many ideas: creating alternative training by the leading local businesses, crowdfunding organizations for urban transformation projects, revitalization of post-industrial city spaces, providing new functions to the markets and other. Our group decided to consider broader concept of rethinking housing. Construction industry is a type of economic activity, which quickly gain momentum in Ivano-Frankivsk. In the city constructed seven times more square meters of housing per capita than the average for Ukraine. Property becomes a kind of bank, because at the moment real estate is regarded as one of the safest options of investing money. Construction is striking example of the intersection of economy and urbanism. The main idea of the project is 248 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / ECONOMY

in replacing major players in the construction industry. In the current situation construction company bears all risks, responsibility, communication and agreements with stakeholders and receives appropriate returns. In this model all future residents are separate units, clients. We sought to create an alternative model that is focused not on profit and return on investments. The main player become house community where future resident - investor, developer and client rolled into one, which allows to minimize costs. Project idea focuses on creating not only a building but a strong community. These ideas formed the basis of the project «Co-housing» - cooperative building of own house. In order to implement this project we need to create a platform - nonprofit organization that could provide the conditions for such alteration.


Stakeholders shif

Co-housing is an alternative to the typical constructing scheme. People appear to be an investor, developer and client rolled into one, which allows to minimize costs. Return on investment is not the main motivating factor behind project. Project idea focuses on creating not only building but a strong community. Co-housing encourages social diversity, mixed use of space and custom-fit to particular needs.

Co-housing platform model ECONOMY / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 249


Co-housing platform Co-housing platform: - Is a non-profit organization - Creates an alternative model to profit oriented development - Intermediary between stakeholders - 小reates, consults, coordinates and controlles the process of housing construction.

Values of Co-housing platform predetermine benefits both for future homeowners and for the city development. Platform will financed by various funds that are interested in community building projects, energy efficiency and sustainable development of Ukrainian cities. Platform also will be able to apply for grants as well as to run the experimental projects. With conscious approach to the construction, city will develop in the profitable framework. As a result, it will be possible to erect buildings on the sites that are not interesting for construction companies, but are favorable for city development. This kind of approach reinforces diversity of city, having a positive impact on living standards. Benefit for the city: - Locating projects with conscious approach for proper city development - Using fields with existing hard and soft infrastructure - Considering city context - Creating urban diversity - Urban interaction - Quality of architecture, innovative approach, developing new solutions of accomodation and living, encouraging green spaces - Mixed use of space and social focus. 250 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / ECONOMY


HOUSE COMMUNITY

IT ENTREPRENEURS INVESTORS FROM ABROAD

YOUNG COUPLE OF ENTREPRENEURS

REFUGEES

MIGRANT WORKERS

FAMILY FROM IVAN0-FRANKIVSK

IT WITH FAMILY

Potential buyers will be able to influence the process of creating a home. With this type of construction all projects will focuse on developing of habitation that reflect the diversity of the potential buyers needs. All future residents of the house became members of the “Cooperative Housing� and signed a contract that they will cooperate with each other and carry out certain conditions.

Benefits for people: - Involvement into the process and influencing creation of your own home; - Community based approach: planning and developing collaboratively, housing with common spaces and values; - Flexible solutions and custom fit to particular needs; - Ability to choose due to urban diversity and mixed use opportunities; - Social diversity. We want to reach further goals with our organization: - Determine and shift players in the city development; - Developing new approach to solutions, forms and understanding of housing; - Become a strong alternative partaker in construction industry; - Educate and influence building companies/people; - Make an input to proper city development; - Continuous innovative exploring of housing issues. People of Ivano-Frankivsk are those, who create home and city they live in.

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Urban Constitution:

INFRASTRUCTURE ANDRII KOMAN, ANNA BERESTETSKA, VOLODYMYR DIDIUK


GUIDING PRINCIPLE Ivano-Frankivsk has a hospitable ecosystem of infrastructure and services.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1. Optimize existing space of the city in actual boundaries by developing pedestrian & bicycle infrastructure, improving quality of surfaces. 2. Improve road system near post industrial spaces in increase investment attractiveness. 3. Densification of the IF by using abandoned postindustrial spaces to avoid city spreading to opposite sides of the river.

FOCUS-SPECIFIC STRATEGY It is proposed to have the further development of the city within already existing boundaries, based on natural resources and historic heritage and already existing infrastructural services to avoid the uncontrolled growth above the river banks that will require additional infrastructure. Main idea is to preserve already existing green areas of the city and facilitate the access for the citizens to these areas. Hence, Ivano-Frankivsk has several centres of public and commercial activities. Some of them can be expand into spots of development in order to discharge the historic centre, create new points of attraction and in this way establish a polycentric city structure. These new sub centers will be interconnected with each other and the historical center by multifunctional streets with high quality of public design and services who build up the backbone of the city. Development of transportation hub and of new transit artery for intercity buses and private vehicles will create an attractive and efficient transport connection used both by guests and locals. The historic centre is to become a high quality human power mobility connection that will be attractive for pedestrians and bicyclists. Ivano-Frankivsk has several postindustrial spaces that can be re used to enable the healthy densification of the city by providing the mixture of services and functions. Also the access to these places can be improved to increase their attractiveness. With these steps Ivano-Frankivsk can be transformed into comfortable, human-orientated polycentric city. For the long-term improvement and development of the city structure we propose South-West vector that respect natural and historic borders, preserving the unique character of the city between two rivers. 254 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / INFRASTRUCTURE

TACTICAL INTERVENTION Rover Pioneers is a tactical project to develop bicycle infrastructure as part of innovative transport eco-system in Ivano-Frankivsk between 2016 and 2020. The aim of the intervention is to create a platform for longterm dialog between diff erent actors, generate new jobs possibilities and initiate the shi of social paradigm towards sustainable transportation.


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"ROVER PIONEERS" In Ivano-Frankivsk many bicycle initiatives already exist as the city has the perfect size for using bicycle as one of main transportation possibilities. The aim of our tactical intervention called ‘Rover pioneers’ (Rover – slang word for bicycle) is to reconnect the initiatives by creating the bicycle headquarters and enriching the existing infrastructure. Hence, we went to make bicycle more attractive for the daily usage. Till 2020 we want to develop bicycle ecosystem by connecting step by step some loops together that will be a part of sustainable transportation system for the city. The first loop between the headquarter in the center, Pasichna and Shevchenko park will be ready by the beginning of 2017. To increase the attractiveness of cycling as public transportation there will be different services and facilities alongside the loop, which will turn to the places of communication, lifestyle and education of the citizens. Here some ideas what it can be: a bike workshop on the way to Pasichna, a pop-up café with discount system, rental bikes for adults and kids, open-air cinema for summer time and Extreme Park. With these tools we want to develop a sustainable and human-friendly city for healthy citizens.

2015-2016

2017-2018 256 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / INFRASTRUCTURE


2019-2020

Bicycle ecosystem INFRASTRUCTURE / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 257


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Urban Constitution:

POLITICS & SOCIETY VALENTINA CHABANOVA, RODION FILATOV, JAROSLAV JAKOVLEV, OLEXANDRA SLADKOVA


GUIDING PRINCIPLE Citizens of Ivano-Frankivsk are responsibly engaged in the continuous improvement of the city.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1. Ivano-Frankivsk has a politically educated society which acts on the basis of consent and common ground and creates a new framework for political life to ensure government acts properly. 2. NGOs and social responsible business are integral part of the policy process.

FOCUS-SPECIFIC STRATEGY Currently most city decisions are taken inside the “black box”. “Hromada” is put face the fact to unfavorable decisions and that create the conflicts which are really not beneficial to anybody. Forum of trust is a tool to destroy the “black box” of decision-making processes and creates transparency. 10 city libraries are selected as locations for Trust Forum. In the first year it will be launched in the central library, however in next four years it will step by step spread into the others city districts aiming to engage into discussions of city issues as many citizens as possible. Involving the locations for non-central neighborhoods will help to decentralize decision-making and city development processes and will give an understanding of the city as a whole, not just concentrated in the central part. It is important that in the local libraries will be discussed the problems and ideas of certain neighbourhoods and also issues which matters to the whole city. In addition, Trust Forum in the local libraries will attract attention and bring new life to these existing, but not functioning, spaces. We suppose that Trust Forum will become the new community dominant, which will spread horizontally over the city and will create the environment for sustainable and humanistic development.

260 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / POLITICS & SOCIETY

TACTICAL INTERVENTION Trust Forum - is an organization founded to improve trust between society and government, among people and changes in the future. Citizens create a platform for the consolidation of NGOs, for cooperation between business, government and communities for the city developmen.


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"TRUST FORUM" Currently most of the decisions are taken inside the “black box”. Community is put face the fact to unfavorable decisions and that create the conflicts which are really not beneficial to anybody.

As it was already mentioned, currently most city decisions are taken inside the “black box”. “Hromada” is put face the fact to unfavorable decisions and that create the conflicts which are really not beneficial to anybody. Forum of trust is a tool to destroy the “black box” of decision-making processes and creates transparency.

Trust Forum is a platform for constant dialogue between City Council and citizens. Trust Forum provides not only public iscussions, but also recommendations for City Administration. 262 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / POLITICS & SOCIETY

Supervisory Board consists of 12 people: - 6 representers of civil society; - 3 representers of city council; - 3 representers of social responsible business. Important is a point that there is no elected politicians in supervisory board. If someone who is a member of supervisory board want to run a political campaign he is obligedto leave supervisory board.


Executive team organizes Trust Forum and creates reports. Trust Forum moderates and secretary are also members of executive team, Trust Forum secretary fixes positions of actors during Forum. After every Trust Forum Executive team provides report of recommendations to City Administration. Reports are also public and available on the site of Trust Forum.

Moderator of Trust Forum is a member of Executive team. His role is fairly forum moderating. Trust Forum has its own web platform. Anyone may get information about structure, schedule and topics of Trust Forum, video of events, results of every event, and announcements of coming events.

CONCLUSIONS CLUSIONS

Possible discussion topics:Сorruption in collab Community acts in two ways: either Сorruption in collaboration betw nity acts in two ways: either - Ex-warriors rehabilitation and state -business Transport problems struggle or launching alternative andbusiness state causes shortc or launching alternative - Bicycle infrastructure - State services for locals sighted decisions. processes of city development. decisions. -sighted Energy efficiency s of city development. - Condominium buildings When it comes to topics , Trust Forum site contains section “Proposals” where each citizen can publish a topic to discuss at Trust Forum. Site visitors are able to support “proposal” by voting for it. If topic to discuss gathers 777 votes Supervisory Board considers the topic and makes decision on it. When Supervisory Board considers the topic is worth to discuss, it can be discussed at Trust Forum. During the first year, while Trust Forum is not well known in the city, Supervisory Board will select topics to discuss by themselves. Than the topic will be chosen according to the scheme mentioned below.

- Sports infrastructure - Social problems

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is practiced to m is Urbanism practiced by politics by politics StakeholdersStakeholders try to use thetry autho without plan and in profun of way. church gain any plan andany in profun way. the churchoftothe gain their to own POLITICS & SOCIETY / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 263


TRUST FORUM STRUCTURE

264 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / POLITICS & SOCIETY


POLITICS & SOCIETY / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 265


Urban Constitution:

SYNTHESIS MAP led by URS THOMANN, VLADYSLAV TYMINSKYI, HAN VAN DE WETERING


INTRO As a result of five developed focus-specific strategies in fields of economy, ecology, culture and heritage, infrastructure, politics and society evoked a need for comprehensive combination of the mapped issues recognized by focus groups in a single synthesis map.

AIM The main leading principle throughout the process was to reach a coherent and meaningful product with essential parts form the each group strategies not overloaded by too complex legend.

GENERAL APPROACH Each team’s map was a source of important inforamtion, that formed the final concept: 1. Landscape baseline & areas of improved historical heritage protection as vectors of future city development. 2. Corridors of city development based on Transport Oriented Development (TOD). 3. Integration of green areas to the city life. 4. Intervention for the development within city line based on underused industrial areas. 5. Focal points for balanced & homogeneous city functioning 6. Joint functioning of focal points interconnected within the city life.

OUTCOMES Final product is a comprehensive map that is a spatial representation of the research and proposals students made during the educational process.

268 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SYNTHESIS MAP


SYNTHESIS MAP

All the elements together on the same map describe the critical minimum of city cornerstones defined by each focus group.This is the last step of synthesis, which incorporates a secondary influence buffer around joint sub-centres and brings to surface all linear elements defined as crucial.

- subcentres - connecting links of the polycentric city between the centres - areas, of improved protection of historical heritage - areas, forming the main landscape context - natural resources of the city - light industry (m/f) - mixed use brown field activity (living/working/leisure activity) - transport ring roud - different levels of traffic intensity - connecting pedestrian links to the natural resources - pedestrian bridge SYNTHESIS MAP / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 269


Landscape baseline & areas of improved historical heritage protection

- urban areas - areas that form landscape context - areas of historical heritage improved protection

As a base map for the elaborated product was decided to choose the natural semicircle formed by the rivers and adjacent lands around them as those that form the first sight city identity. On top of that the extended area of historical heritage protection should reinforce the central part of the city as a corner stone for the architectural preservation. 270 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SYNTHESIS MAP


Corridors of city development

- area in the corridor influence zone - transport ring road - different levels of traffic intensity

With regards to transport infrastructure which forms the traffic arteries and defines the transit oriented development are formed five main traffic corridors. Those vary in their intensity according to the features of the neighbourhood, thus, bringing contextualization into the aforementioned approach oriented to support of districts based on the dominant traffic way. SYNTHESIS MAP / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 271


green areas

- natural resources of the city - dacha area contour types of green zone activation - long access - short access This step is based on inclusion of available green nature resources into active city life. Green city layer includes few categories of components, which includes objects of private use, use of certain district, and those which are equally important for every person of Ivano-Frankivsk. Respectively the ways of inclusion vary from general organization of pedestrian connection to wider city (e.g. datchas) to create a walking network between main nature destinations. 272 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SYNTHESIS MAP


underused industrial areas

Proposed function / use - light industry (m/f) - mixed use brown field activity (living/working/leisure activity) Having a background of defined priorities in environmental and transport aspects of the city prepared the ground for wise filling of the city with necessary functions. For instance, Ivano-Frankivsk contains a significant number of industrial objects which do not function on full capacity anymore. Thereby, the proposition of such objects transformation is described by the map. SYNTHESIS MAP / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 273


Focal points

- transport hubs - society trust forums - economic activity densification - permanent culture interventions

The social component developed throughout previous phases has spot features so will be included during the next step. As all focus groups defined the focal points further step is to unite or joint later based on spatial characteristics. Considering few focuses in a same spot leads to emergence of unexpected synergies while developing the city in such scenario. 274 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / SYNTHESIS MAP


Joint functioning

- magnent self-sufficient subcentres - green hubs - centre area - marker areas, setting the vector of the city development - connecting links of the polycentric Giving labels to each of the sub-centres brings colours and emotional painting is the main principle of research-based design of the city. Naturally the links between sub-centres are based on the transit arteries.

SYNTHESIS MAP / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 275


Urban Constitution:

CITY VISION AT EYE-LEVEL

Ivano-Frankivsk is a city of open doors, life balance for

PART #1: LAKE 276 / URBAN CONSTITUTION / CITY VISION AT EYE-LEVEL

PART #2: CIT


that creates diverse opportunities and for everyone

TY CENTER

PART #3: SLEEPING DISTRICT CITY VISION AT EYE-LEVEL / URBAN CONSTITUTION / 277


PART #1: LAKE

Strong environmental responsibility

City ensures careful use of natural sources and empty areas by local communities


Robust arts community

Hospitable city


PART #2: CITY CENTER

Efficient government policy protects city heritage

Children-friendly city


Optimized existing city space

Self-sufficient ‘green’ energy development

City develops sustainably by conscious directing of resources


PART #3: SLEEPING DISTRICT

NGOs and social responsible business are an integral part of the policy process

Human-focused walking network for day-to-day life

Developed bicycle infrastructure


Arts and creative industries are an integral part of city development

City has a politically educated and resposible society

Densification of the city using abandoned postindustrial spaces

Citizens respect their roots


BLOCK #2 EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM STUDIO #1:


EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM Eduardo Cassina & Liva Dudareva | Spain & Lithuania | Metasitu METASITU is a strategic urban consultancy and art collective founded by landscape architect Liva Dudareva (Latvia) and urban sociologist Eduardo Cassina (Spain). The duo was formed in early 2014. During this time, the group implemented projects in Palestine, Austria, Serbia, Russia, Greece, the United Arab Emirates. Before that, Liva had extensive studies in landscape architecture and almost three years of professional experience in one of the leading landscape architecture practices and Eduardo studied in England, Portugal, Netherlands and China, worked as researcher and designer of exhibitions in Guggenheim Museum in Venice and New York. Their expertise is contemporary and future urban challenges, which they address through the research-based practice. Born with the goal of expanding the discussions surrounding the inhabitation of the territory to different and wider audiences, at METASITU they look for means of storytelling that reveal urban investigation through different prisms. Their practice is highly mobile, relying on the transnational networks, virtual and physical, where they draw inspiration and fascination from, but also where they unfold our nomadic existence.

Carla Coester | Switzerland | The Social Urban Development Department Carla Coester is a Swiss civil servant and anthropologist. In 2012 she graduated from University of Bern and gained her master degree in Social Anthropology. For many years she has worked as a Personal Assistant to the Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit Chief of Staff. Since 2014 she has been the Head of Staff of Social Urban Development Department. At the same time, Carla helds the position of staff employee at Social Center «Ausstellungsstrasse» in Zurich.

MICHAEL ENGEL | Germany, Ukraine | GIZ Michael is an architect from Dresden, Germany. He had been active in Romania since 2005, within several GIZ projects for urban and rural development. Since 2010, being director of the Heritas Foundation in Sibiu, Romania, he promoted aspects such as integrated development, careful rehabilitation and stakeholder participation. Working also as consultant in these domains, Michael´s regional focus is Eastern Europe. In 2015 he has joined GIZ in Lviv, dealing predominantly with strengthening integrated urban development on local level, particularly at the Municipal Development and Rehabilitation of the Old City of Lviv.

SERHIY GVOZDIOV | Ukraine | Kyiv School of Economics Executive Professor at KSE, he is also the founder and consultant in project and operations management of Ukrainian Foundation for Management Development (Kyiv, Ukraine). Mr. Gvozdiov is a Faculty Member of Goldratt Schools and an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Organizational Development, St. Thomas University, Minneapolis, MT, USA. Introduced the Theory of Constraints (TOC) and Lean in Training and Consulting Projects in such companies as: DTEK (Donetsk Fuel-Energy Company), ZTR (Zaporozhie Transformers Plant), FFS (Fast Food Systems, trademarks “Pizza Chelentano” and “Potato House”) etc. EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM / 285


EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM Mariana Kukhlevska | Germany, Ukraine | GIZ Mariana graduated from Leipzig University in 2013 with Master of Science in Urban Management. Worked since 2009 for the GIZ project «Municipal development and urban rehabilitation in Lviv». Also took part in other urban projects in Ukraine (Kyiv, Chernivtsi) and Germany (Berlin and Leipzig). 2015 did a contribution for the World Bank «Ukraine urbanization review» on shrinking and growing cities in Ukraine. Her main professional focus lies in the strategic urban development, participatory design and management of interdisciplinary networks. Currently working on the development of the deprived neighborhoods in Berlin metropolitan area.

Miodrag Kuč | Germany | The Laboratory of Critical Urbanism (LCU) Miodrag Kuč is an interdisciplinary artist and urban theorist trained as architect / urban planner in various cultural settings. His work explores the role of ephemeral structures in uncertain urban conditions and spatial appropriations of marginal social groups. He is founder of the studio ParaArtFormations which moves at the intersection of urban studies, performative-planning, artistic interventions and micro politics. Currenty he works as project coordinator at ZKU - Zentrum für Kunst und Urbanistik (Centre for Art and Urbanistics) Berlin, exploring new ways of knowledge production through the lens of critical urban pedagogy.

Paul McCabe | Ireland | Hyper Island He is occupied at two top design schools: Hyper Island (Stockholm, Sao Paulo, New York, London & Singapore) and The Strelka Institute Of Media Design & Architecture (Moscow), according to DOMUS Magazine rankings. He works mainly with leadership teams of Fortune 500 companies on transformation projects - helping them grow their business by better integrating digital into their practices and business models. Some recent projects he has been involved with include:Target (US Retailer), Mondelez, Unilever, P&G, General Mills (Packaged Goods), SVT, TV4, TV3 & CMore, Dentsu, Leo Burnett & Publicis (Advertising Agencies), Google, Lego. Paul is a trained sociologist and facilitator. Andrius Nemickas | USA & Ukraine | CANactions School for Urban Studies Andrius is an urban development specialist from US, who has combined both ‘bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ strategies to revitalizing communities, creating economic opportunities, and alleviating poverty. In particular, he has focused on the role of entrepreneurship, SME development, economic clusters, and public policy in urban and regional dynamics. Andrius received a dual-degree MBA & MCRP from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, one of the world’s leading planning institutions. He has lived in Ukraine since 1999.

Stefan Roschi | Switzerland | The Social Urban Development Department Stefan has a profound experience in social sector: among his educational achievements are Social Work Diploma, Non-Profit-Management Post Graduation, Master degree in Business Administration, etc. From 1989 he has gained positions in such diverse social work areas as Drug addicts, Shelter for Homeless, Integration of Refugees, Projects for Unemployed people for integration, counseling and job-service. Mr. Roschi even took various management positions in the Airline industry in private companies. Currently he is the head of the Social Center «Ausstellungsstrasse» in Zürich, Head of Social Urban Development Department, Member of the Board of Social Service in the City of Zürich. 286 / EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM


EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM Kuba Snopek | Poland | Оnline-school «Vector», Architectura Siodmego Dnia Polish urbanist and researcher. He graduated from Wroclaw University of Technology and Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture and Design in Moscow. He specialises in Soviet mass housing, preservation of the intangible heritage and post-communist cities. He took part in a variety of architectural and urban projects and exhibitions, including Venice Biennale of Architecture. Over the last four years, Kuba has been tutoring educational programs at Strelka Institute and has been curating an online educational program “Vector”. Kuba is an author of plenty of articles about urban planning and architecture.

Thomas Stellmach | Germany | TSPA Leading German urbanist, who specializes in learning and exploring sustainable urban planning in an international context. Mr. Thomas is a founder of TSPA (Berlin), which works with strategic planning, urban development and design. Also he conducted design studios and lectured at Academie voor Bouwkunst in Rotterdam, Technische Universität Berlin, Tsinghua University in Beijing, UPC in Barcelona and Strelka Institute in Moscow.

Urs Thomann | Switzerland | CANactions School for Urban Studies Urs is an urban planner, co-founder and curator of CANactions School for Urban Studies. He worked for various planning offices in Switzerland where he was in charge of projects of different scales: from conurbations over city areas and village centers to city blocks and street spaces. He worked as a Consultant to the Research and Project Institute for Moscow City Masterplan in order to prepare the ‘Greater Moscow Competition’. Since 2012, Urs has been working in Ukraine, leading projects which are connected with strategic city development and also support culture change and capacity-building of professionals and civil servants. He curated the development of the ‘Integrated Urban Transport and Spatial Planning Strategy’ for Vinnytsia City Administration. VLADYSLAV TYMINSKYI | Ukraine | CANactions School for Urban Studies Vladyslav is an architect, researcher and author. Since 2015 he is a director of education program at CANactions School for Urban Studies (Kyiv, Ukraine). In 2015 Vladyslav graduated from STRELKA Institute for Media, Architecture and Design (Moscow, Russia). In 2014 he worked as an analyst of the International Institute for Future Studies (Kyiv, Ukraine). In 2013 Vladyslav was an executive editor and an author of the articles for the book «Urban Studies: Politics and Practices of Urban Renewal» supported by Heinrich Boell Foundation in Ukraine. Since 2012 Vladyslav has worked on his PhD research «Principles of post-Soviet Cities’ Strategic Development».

Volodymyr Vakhitov | Ukraine | Kyiv School of Economics Mr. Vakhitov holds PhD from the University of Kentucky, he is an Assistant Professor at Kyiv School of Economics and Senior Researcher at Higher School of Economics (Moscow / St. Petersburg). Researcher of urban and regional economics, productivity of Ukrainian firms, regional development, spatial analysis. Volodymyr has also participated in numerous projects on regional development by USAID, Global Development Network, other international agencies, has been invited to teach agglomeration and spatial measurement methods at several summer schools, has used to work as a co-author of a background paper for the World Development Report by the World Bank. Active participant in international conferences and seminars. EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM / 287


EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM Han van de Wetering | Netherlands | MSc Urbanism / architect SIA He is an urbanist and architect, founder of the urban design studio “Van de Wetering Atelier für Städtebau” in Zurich. With his office he has won many prizes and competitions, especially for projects at highly complex, difficult sites with lots of conflicts and lack of space. He is a leading expert in developing integrated regional transport and urban development strategies, especially for small and mid-size cities. He lectures and publishes regularly. As an expert, he supports complex urban development projects for several European urban regions

Viktor zotov | Ukraine | Zotov&Co Viktor was born in 1963 in Mariupol, Ukraine. In 1986 he graduated from architectural faculty of Institute of Building and Construction in Kharkiv, Ukraine. In 1986-1989 he worked as an architect in State Institute, Mariupol. In 1989-1992 he won residential block competition, worked as the chief architect at “Yunost” company in Mariupol, created specially for this project. During 1992 - 2003, he had been the founder and chief architect of “Architectural Bureau”, Mariupol. Since 2004 he has been the founder and chief architect of Architectural Bureau “Zotov &Co”, Kyiv. Since 2008, he has been the founder and curator of International Architectural Festival CANactions, Kyiv. From 2015, he has also been the founder of CANactions School for Urban Studies.

288 / EDUCATION PROGRAM TEAM


BLOCK #2 STUDENTS STUDIO #1:


STUDENTS TETIANA ABRAMOVA | Kyiv | foreign economic activity manager Tanya is a city dreamer and ideologist of the community theTrip.com.ua that, she says, turns tourists into real travellers and city investigators. She is the founder of 108ideas.com.ua (career-oriented consulting based on Vedic astrology). Tanya wants to help ordinary people willing to make their cities more comfortable. Her dream is to construct a small comfortable town using both modern urban technologies and ancient approaches towards city development.

ANNA BERESTETSKA | Hamburg | urban designer Since her early years she has had good skills in learning languages and has been receptive to cultural context. She has combined this with a bachelor`s degree in Environmental Science from Leuphana University in Lüneburg and has turned into an avid curiosity for discovering new cultures and environmental landscapes. Her further decision to pursue a master`s in Urban Design from the Hafencity University in Hamburg has been one more important step to improve her competences. Travelling to new cities and exploring different urban ladscapes were two main activities that has made up her past four years. Anja had done internships and multi-disciplinary programs around the world in the countries like Israel, Greece, Brazil, Spain and China. Six languages later, having a lot of endless stories to tell and a growing passion for urban design, Anja plans to pursue her career in this field. VALENTYNA CHABANOVA-BABAK | Kyiv | journalist Valentyna Chabanova-Babak is a journalist and expert in the field of digital communication. She worked as a freelance journalist for several newspapers such as Dzerkalo Tyzhnya, The People and others. Her articles are focused on people and their stories. Valentyna has a background in social science, social work and a large experience of being a volunteer. In her opinion, city of the future should be comfortable for everyone with no exceptions: for people with disabilities, for children, for the elderly, for people with different cultural backgrounds and even for homeless.

VOLODYMYR DIDIUK | Lviv | architect Volodymyr Didiuk has graduated from Lviv Polytechnic National University. His master’s diploma has been focused on energy-saving architecture and solar houses architecture. Volodymyr is a participant of architectural competitions, award winner of “INTERYEAR 2013” by The National Union of Architects of Ukraine for the cafe interior design which he implemented and a co-author of a project on development of the square and monument to Andrei Sheptytskyi in Lviv.

RODION FILATOV | Kyiv | information designer Rodion Filatov is an information designer. Telling visual stories using minimum words, but a lot of graphs, charts and pictures is his specialization. Rodion wants people to waste less time learning about new issues. He believes that data visualization helps to perceive common things differently and to understand them better.

290 / STUDENTS


STUDENTS OLEKSANDR GORENIUK | Odessa | international lawyer Sasha was born and raised in Odessa. Today he is a businessman, but also spends a lot of time studying urban science. In particular, he has created the Atlas of Ideas for Odessa and continues adding content to it. It is something like a guide aimed at improving urban space in a visionary, social and philosophical sense. This document is based on the achievments of modern cities, on a number of theoretical books on urban planning, master plans of Perm (Russia) and BSU, Strelka Institute`s researches, ADA design standards for barrier-free environment and his own travelers` experience.

JAROSLAV JAKOVLEV | Kharkiv | designer Jaroslav Jakovlev is an architect, graphic designer and calligraphist from Kharkiv. He is a participant of various international architectural and art projects. Interests: ecobuilding, sustainable development, hand-made, gardening. Currently lives in a selfdesigned loft and owns 2 nasty cats.

BOGDAN KAPATSILA | Ternopil | civil engineer Bogdan Kapatsila is a Ternopil-based interior designer and a university teacher. He works on various individual projects, being at the same time very interested in the design of public spaces. In his opinion, Urban Studies link private and public activities. He considers function to be the core of his solutions. Besides his own practice, in 2014 he worked as an architect/designer at RestoCamp in Ivano-Frankivsk and did an internship at Denis Belenko`s office.

ANDRII KOMAN | Ivano-Frankivsk | architect Andrii Koman is an architect from Ivano-Frankivsk. He works in the field of street design and traffic planning. He has worked in Stuttgart (Germany) for 4 years and has got a large experience there. Since 2014 Andrii has been working on the new master plan focused on bicycle infrastructure, private and public transportation of IvanoFrankivsk.

MARIA KUPRIIAN | Poltava | architect Mariia Kupriian has written a master’s thesis on renovation and adaptive reuse of cultural heritage property. Since 2014 Mariia has become an active participant and co-founder of an urban platform CityLab (Poltava). Being one of the key platform members she developed a conceptual design of Poltava сadet сorps. Mariia has also been a coordinator and co-organizer of an open workshop «Poltava, the Livable City». Mariia is actively involved into public and social projects in the city.

STUDENTS / 291


STUDENTS ANNA LEVADNA | Kyiv | architect Anna Levadna is a young Ukrainian architect who graduated from KNUCA as a Bachelor of Architecture with a focus on Urban Planning. She has worked at In.Lab architects between 2013 and 2015, and also tutored at Cardboard Workshop in December 2014. In summer 2014 Anna took part in international workshop X-CHANGE014, which was organized by Young Architects.

ANNA PASHYNSKA | Kamyanets-Podilsky | urban designer Anna Pashynska is a designer and dancer. “My interests in design have been changing”, she says, “I was involved in architecture, interior, product design. Now I came to urbanism and social projects. I has spent four last years in Vienna, Austria, where I had been studying and working. A few months ago I returned to Ukraine – the country that intrigues me as an urbanist and a place where my heart belongs.”

DARIA PODOLTSEVA | Kyiv | computer sciences / graphic designer Dasha Podoltseva is a Kyiv-based graphic designer with strong interest for urban development and city transformation. Some of her works were shortlisted and got awards from the Ukrainian Design competitions, in particular from The Very Best Of, Kakadu and ADC Ukraine.

OLEKSANDER SHEVCHENKO | Kyiv | maritime spatial planner Alexander Shevchenko has degrees in engineering and management by a Ukrainian and a European university. He focuses on a range of issues mainly related to spatial planning and development, civil engineering and acoustics. Alexander has a special interest in urban studies and marine spatial planning. He is a graduate student of an Erasmus Mundus programme focused on maritime spatial planning and also participated in an international EU-funded project ADRIPLAN. During his studies he has done an internship in Berlin where he worked on various projects designed for the Baltic Sea region.

OLEKSANDER SHUTYUK | Lviv | designer Alexander Shutyuk works at Lviv City Council for the Development Bureau. He works on the tasks connected with planning of the streets and public spaces, trees planting, crowdfunding programs and some other topics. He is a contributor to one of wellknown blogs about city development in Ukraine and co-founder of Novobudovy.com web-site. Before 2014 he worked as an interior designer.

292 / STUDENTS


STUDENTS OLEKSANDRA SLADKOVA | Lviv | sociologist Oleksandra Sladkova is the head of Urban Development Bureau at Lviv City Council. Using her background in sociology and fundraising, Oleksandra tries to connect different bureaus of city administration with the urban initiatives of city activists and to increase involvement of the general public with urban planning. The bureau also develops the strategies and projects of public spaces considering public opinion and participation

ANTON SUKHAR | Dnipropetrovsk | architect Anton graduated from Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture as a Master of Architecture. He studies influence of post-Soviet cities on the development and behavior of the society and the reverse processes. Specializes in contemporary architecture. He explores new approaches and methods required by modern communities by experimenting at the architectural studio for the last three years. He participated in the CANactions workshop in 2013; together with the team he developed a proposal for Dnipropetrovsk concerning placement of containers for cigarette butts and trash. Anton also worked on a project on technical re-equipment of Kharkiv railway station. He is an active participant of the international architectural competitions and workshops. YULIA ZALOMAIKINA | Kyiv | architect Yuliia Zalomaikina is a Master student in Architecture at KNUCA specialized on renovation and restoration of architectural objects. Yuliia became interested in urbanism while she was participating in Dessau Summer School of Architecture. She was an intern at the architectural bureau of Jean-Jacques Hollard in Lyon. In 2015 Yuliia took part in an international Summer School ÂŤAACIMPÂť held by Kyiv Politechnical University, the Smart Cities sub-programme.

STUDENTS / 293


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Completing this publication is truly a marathon event, and we would like to finish this journey expressing our gratitude to the STUDIO #1 tutors Eduardo Cassina & Liva Dudareva, Carla Coester, Michael Engel, Serhiy Gvozdiov, Miodrag Kuč, Paul McCabe, Andrius Nemickas, Stefan Roschi, Kuba Snopek, Thomas Stellmach, Volodymyr Vakhitov and Han van de Wetering whose expertise, understanding and patience added considerably to students experience. We would also like to express our thankfulness to the team of “Vector” Online-school for Urban Entrepreneurs which provided us with an opportunity to explore our hometowns from unexpected viewpoints and obtain skills of how to tell our stories in an exciting way. We very much appreciate support of the Advisory Board members Svitlana Bocharova, Theo Hauben, Iryna Ozymok, Haris Piplas, Martino Tattara, the School founders and directors Urs Thomann, Vladyslav Tyminskyi, Viktor Zotov, Valentyna Zotova and, of course, the whole CANactions team of Serhii Bochkarov, Volodymyr Chepel, Margo Didichenko, Antonina Savchenko, Iuliia Vorobiova without whom this work would not have been possible and whose passion and professionalism helped us along the way. A very special acknowledge goes to Embassy of Switzerland in Ukraine, GIZ, Goethe Institute, Graham Foundation, Kyiv School of Economics, Office Planning, Polish Institute in Kyiv, Teple Misto Platform, U.S. Embassy in Kyiv, Western NIS Enterprise Fund and “Zotov&Co” Architecture Bureau who provided us with constant support and assistance. We would also like to express our gratitude towards our families, friends and all the citizens of Ivano-Frankivsk, who willingly helped us with the research and development of the project, for their kind co-operation and encouragement during this three month. CANactions STUDIO #1 students

294 / ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Concept: Vladyslav Tyminskyi, Urs Thomann Editors: Urs Thomann, Vladyslav Tyminskyi, Bogdan Kapatsila, Andrius Nemickas Graphic design: Margo Didichenko, Bogdan Kapatsila

COLOPHON

This publication was developed on the outcomes of CANactions School for Urban Studies: STUDIO #1 educational program. It is designed for personal, noncommercial use and is considered as a property of CANactions. You must not translate, publish, licence or sell the book and/or its materials without the prior consent of CANactions. You must attribute the book and/ or its materials in the manner specified by the editors and authors of the publication. Š CANactions 2016


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