2022 Brendan Symposium Session 4 - David Allsopp - Social Emotional Learning

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CHARLIE’SIALAC

WHAT MIGHT BE INVISIBLE TO YOU IS ALL TOO VISIBLE TO ME WHY CHILDREN, YOUTH, AND ADULTS WITH LEARNING DIFFERENCES (LD) CAN EXPERIENCE SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, AND BEHAVIORAL DIFFICULTIES DAVID H. ALLSOPP, PH.D . UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA/LEARNING DISABILITIES ASSOCIATION OF AMERIC A

TOPICS What does the research tell us about SEL and LD? What do children and youth with LD experience? What can we do? DiscussionJacobResources

WHAT DOES ANDABOUTTELLLITERATURESCHOLARLYRESEARCH/THEUSSELLD?

Difficulties: People with LD have greater social emotional/behavioral difficulties than people without disabilities (e.g., bullying/victimization, social withdrawal, academic difficulties, school suspension/expulsion, etc.)

Why?: People with LD can process sensory information (input and output) differently than people without LD leading to responses that may be different than expected (e.g., social skills difficulties, misunderstanding directions, reading, writing, mathematics, speaking difficulties, fine motor difficulties, etc.)

WHAT DOES ANDABOUTTELLLITERATURESCHOLARLYRESEARCH/THEUSSELLD? LD NeurologicalDifficultiesRelated • Memory Difficulties • Cognitive DifficultiesProcessing • Attention Difficulties • ThinkingMetacognitiveDifficulties What We Might See • Learned Helplessness • Passive Approach to Learning • Anxiety • Knowledge/Skill Gaps

WHAT DOES ANDABOUTTELLLITERATURESCHOLARLYRESEARCH/THEUSSELLD? LD NeurologicalDifficultiesRelated • Memory Difficulties • Cognitive DifficultiesProcessing • Attention Difficulties • ThinkingMetacognitiveDifficulties What We Might See • Learned Helplessness • Passive Approach to Learning • Anxiety • Knowledge/Skill Gaps Context • Distractions • OrganizationStructure/ • Nature of Task • Pacing • Relevance • Explicitness

WHAT FEELHAVINGMIGHTALDLIKE?

WRITE YOUR TITLE

WHAT DO CHILDREN AND YOUTH, WITH LD SAY Understood.org – Through Your Child’s Eyes (https://www.understood.org/en/articles/through-your-childs-eyes) • Merrill (5th grade) • Noah (11th grade) • Stephen (2nd grade) • Gabby (9th grade)

TENSIONANXIETY,FRUSTRATION,

WHAT CAN WE DO TO SUPPORT THE SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, AND BEHAVIORAL NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DIFFERENCES? 1. Be open to understanding that what might seem to be invisible to you is actually visable (real) to those who experience LD • Be mindful of how our own interactions/actions/the learning contexts we create can facilitate or be barriers (Remember: Write Your Title Activity) • Listen to those who experience LD • Trauma Informed Practice (see Understood.org )

WHAT CAN WE DO TO SUPPORT THE SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, AND BEHAVIORAL NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DIFFERENCES 2. Use the research on effective practice that supports people with LD to thrive • Emphasizing social support from peers (learning positive social interaction within natural contexts with peers and community) • Effective academic instruction • Self-efficacy supports • Self-understanding (e.g., bibliotherapy using children’s/young adult literature) • Self-advocacy skill development (what I need and why) • Strengths focused development (e.g., character strengths, individual academic and nonacademic strengths etc .) (VIA Institute on Character - https://www.viacharacter.org/) • Social skills development (teach metacognitive awareness)

WHAT CAN WE DO TO SUPPORT THE SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, AND BEHAVIORAL NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DIFFERENCES 2. Use the research on effective practice that supports people with LD to thrive (cont.) • Teach and reinforce effective socialemotional/behavioral strategies (metacognitive awareness) to address areas of need • Targeted and Authentic • Explicit and Systematic • Opportunities to Practice • Specific Corrective and Positive Feedback • Collect Data to Inform Progress • Adjust as Needed CASEL (2022_ https://casel.org/fundamentals--of-sel/

WHAT CAN WE DO TO SUPPORT THE SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, AND BEHAVIORAL NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DIFFERENCES 3. Be informed advocates • Consider the importance of physiological, safety, and belongingness factors • Law/policy related to individuals with LD (IDEA, Section 504, ADA, etc.) • Purposely seek and take advantage of resources to learn more • Consider joining/participating in established advocacy organizations

EXAMPLES OF RESEARCH BASED PRACTICE RESOURCES The IRIS Center (https://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/) Understood (https://www.understood.org/) Intervention Central (https://www.interventioncentral.org/) National Center for Learning Disabilities (https://ncld.org/reports-studies/inclusive-socialDivisionemotional-learning-for-students-with-disabilities/)forLearningDisabilities(CouncilforExceptional Children) “Teaching LD”CASELhttps://www.teachingld.org/(SocialEmotionalLearning) - https://casel.org/fundamentals-of-sel/

EXAMPLES OF ESTABLISHED ADVOCACY ORGANIZATIONS Learning Disabilities Association of America - https://ldaamerica.org/ International Dyslexia Association - https://dyslexiaida.org/ National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities - https://njcld.org/ Council for Learning Disabilities - https://council-for-learning-disabilities.org/ Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - https://chadd.org/

EXAMPLES OF DISABILITY/DIFFERENCE

CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

Abdullah, S., & Abdullah, A. (2014). My friend Suhana: A story of friendship and Cerebral Palsy. Loving Healing Press. Best, C. (2015). My three best friends and me, Zulay. Boegner,Macmillan.M.J.(2017). My world of forever night. Year of the Book. Bryant, J. (2016). Six dots: A story of young Louis Braille. RH Children’s Books. Burcaw, S. (2017). Not so different: What you really want to ask about having a disability. Roaring Book Press. Carlson, N. (2014). Armond goes to a party: A book about Asperger’s and friendship. Free Spirit Publishing. Churnin, N. (2016). The William Hoy story: How a deaf baseball player changed the game. Albert Whitman and Company. Ewert, K. (2017). This is Ella. Foley,FriesenPress.J.(2016). Baxter turns down his buzz: A story for little kids about ADHD. Magination Press. Fraser, M. A. (2017). Alexander Graham Bell answers the call. Friedman,Charlesbridge.B.(2015). Daniel’s new friend. Simon Gourley,Spotlight.R. (2015). Talkin' guitar: A story of young Doc Watson. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Jung, J. (2016). Look up! Holiday Kats,House.J. (2014). The princess panda tea party: A cerebral palsy fairy tale. Loving Healing Press. Kimmelman, L. & Nelson, M. (2015). We’re amazing, 1, 2, 3! Penguin Random House. Krikke, P. & Eldean, K. (2107). Gracie brave. Mindstir Media. Manor. Y. (2016). Dana also deserves a playground. Createspace Independent Publishing Platform. Mayfield, D. (2014). Jasper and the magpie. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Meadows, S. & Olfert, T. (2015). The two trees. Your Nickel Worth’s Meltzer,Publishing.B. & Eliopoulos, C. (2015). I am Helen Keller. Dial Miles,Books.B. & Patterson, C. (2015). How I learn: A kid’s guide to learning disability. Magination Press. Mosca, J. & Rieley, D. (2017). The girl who thought in pictures. The Innovation Press. Ostrowski, J. (2017). When I’m asleep, I can fly. Friesen Press. Palacio, R. J. (2017). We're all wonders. Penguin. Platt, C. (2016). Curious George joins the team. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Reeves, A. (2018). Roxy the raccoon: A story to help children learn about disability and inclusion. Jessica Kingsley Rudolph,Publishers.S., & Royer, D. (2015). All my stripes: A Story for children with autism. Magination Press. Sandoval, L. L. (2014). Jack saves the day. Amazon.com Services Schnee,LLC. S. (2016). Prince Noah and the school pirates. Plough Publishing Thompson,House. E. F. (2014). The kindergarten blues. Amazon.com Services LLC. Thompson, L. A. (2015). Emmanuel's dream: The true story of Emmanuel Ofosu Yeboah. Schwartz & Welton,Wade. J. (2015). Tomas Loves...: A rhyming book about fun, friendship - and autism. Jessica Kingsley Williams,Publishers.C. (2016). Lilly and Lila. Franklin Grace Publications. Zitterkopf Larson, J. A. (2017). I have a doll just like you. Createspace Independent Publishing Mayfield,Platform. D. (2014). Jasper and the magpie. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Meadows, S. & Olfert, T. (2015). The two trees. Your Nickel Worth’s Meltzer,Publishing.B. & Eliopoulos, C. (2015). I am Helen Keller. Dial Miles,Books.B. & Patterson, C. (2015). How I learn: A kid’s guide to learning disability. Magination Press. Mosca, J. & Rieley, D. (2017). The girl who thought in pictures. The Innovation Press. Ostrowski, J. (2017). When I’m asleep, I can fly. Friesen Press. Palacio, R. J. (2017). We're all wonders. Penguin. Platt, C. (2016). Curious George joins the team. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Reeves, A. (2018). Roxy the raccoon: A story to help children learn about disability and inclusion. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

The Importance of Understanding The Experiences of People with Learning Differences AND Recognizing/Affirming Their Strengths Jacob https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHFbaF9_kpI

DALLSOPP@USF.EDUDISCUSSION

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