Page 1


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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]©mbØv cmPv

D≈S°w

sabv 2011

5

FUn-‰-dp-sS t]Pv

6

tIc-f-Øn¬ ]pXnb a{¥n-k` ]©mb-Øv \yqkv k¿-∆okv

8

]Xn-aq∂mw tIcf \nb-a-k-`mwK-߃ ]©mb-Øv \yqkv k¿-∆okv

10

hnZym-`ymk Nn¥-Iƒ tUm. Fkv. {iotZhn

22

ag-sh-≈-ti-J-cWw: {]m[m-\y-hpw km≤y-Xbpw tUm. \µ-Ip-am-c≥ .]n

14

ag-°m-e-]q¿∆ ipNo-I-cWw

26

tUm. B¿. AP-b-Ip-am¿ h¿Ω

tIcf ]©m-bØv sI´nS\n¿ΩmW N´-߃ 2011 ˛Hsc-Øn-t\m´w

36 N°:

`£y-kp-c-£bv°pw cpNn sshhn-[y-Øn\pw

F≥. kpcmPv

30

cmPohv Bhmkv tbmP\: tNcnclnX \Kcmkq{XW ]cn]mSn ^nen∏v amXyp

APnXv shÆn-bq¿

38

tZ ag-bn-sßØn!!!

tUm. acnb enk amXyp

26 ]©m-b-Ønse

U_nƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv DZ-b-`m\p It≠Øv

18

ag-°m-e-tcm-K-߃s°-Xnsc aps∂m-cp°w s{]m^. (tUm.) tXmakv amXyp

40 tX™p am™p t]mIp∂ {KmaoW samgn-ap-Øp-Iƒ

20

Adn-bp-I, ]d-bp-I, {]h¿Øn°pI DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥ .B¿

sabv 2011

35

ipNn-Xz-_meyw, kpc-£nX_meyw tUm. Aa¿.Fkv. s^‰n¬

apc-fo-[-c≥ Xg-°c

42 hm¿Ø-Iƒ hn-tij߃ 3


]©m-b-Øv cmPv hnhml cPn-kvt{S-j≥ ˛ teJ\w thWw tIc-fØ - nse P\-\˛-ac - W cPn-kvt{S-j≥ kw_-‘n®v ]©m-bØv cmPv amknI-bpsS am¿®v, G{]n¬ e°-ß-fn¬ c≠v `mK-ß-fmbn {]kn-≤o-I-cn® teJ\w Cu cwKØv \ne-\n¬°p∂ ]e kwi-bßfpw Zpco-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v klm-bIam-bn. P\-\˛-a-cW cPn-kvt{S-j≥ k¿´n-^n-°-‰nse Xncp-Ø-ep-ambn _‘-s∏´v tem°¬ cPn-kv{Sm¿am¿ hnhn[ kao-]-\-amWv kzoI-cn-®p-h-cp-∂-Xv. CXv s]mXpP-\-߃°v [mcmfw _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ krjvSn-°p-∂p-≠v. kz¥w \ne-bn¬ sNømhp∂ Imcy-߃t]mepw tae-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v Ab-®p-sIm-SpØv Ime-Xm-akw hcpØp∂ ÿnXn-bmWv IqSp-Xepw A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tem°¬ cPvkv{Sm¿am¿°v \evIp∂ ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifn¬ B¿.-Un.H B^o-kp-I-fnse _‘-s∏´ sk£≥ ssIImcyw sNøp∂ DtZym-K-ÿ-sc-°qSn Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬ \∂mbn-cp-∂p. P\-\-˛-a-cW cPn-kvt{S-j≥ t]mse hnhml cPn-kvt{S-j≥ kw_‘n®pw \mfn-Xp-h-sc-bp≈ DØ-c-hp-I-sfbpw k¿°p-e-dp-I-sfbpw t{ImUo-Icn®v Hcp teJ\w Xøm-dm°n {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-W-sa∂v A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. \mcm-b-W≥, shf-∏mb, Xriq¿

lnhcn _km¿ {Kmaw amXr-I-bm-°Ww ]©m-bØv cmPv am¿®v, G{]n¬ e°-ß-fn¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® lnhcn _km¿ {Kma-Øns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ tIc-f-Ønse ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v amXr-I-bm-°mhp-∂-Xm-Wv. {]mtZ-inI hnI-k\ cwK-ß-fn¬ tIcfw ap∂n´v \n¬°p-∂p-sh¶nepw Gsd {i≤ ]nSn-®p-]-‰p∂ coXn-I-fmWv lnhcn _km¿ {Kma-Øn-te-Xv. AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ G{]n¬ e°-Ønse "hºmXp-hnse hnti-j-߃' F∂ teJ-\hpw \sΩ CcpØn Nn-¥n-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. tIc-f-Ønse hnI-k\ amXrIbpw a‰v {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw {]kn-≤oI-cn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w CØcw ^o®-dp-Ifpw teJ-\-ßfpw amkn-I-bn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xn\v ]©m-bØv cmPn\v A`n-\-µ-\߃. CXp-t]m-ep≈ teJ-\-߃ C\nbpw {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. kenw -cmPv, FS-h-\-°mSv

Xt±ikz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°p th≠n-bp≈ Hmw_p-Uvkvam≥

Xt±i kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-ƒ°p th≠n-bp≈ Hmw_p-Uvkvam-\mbn PÃnkv Fw.F≥. IrjvW≥ Npa-Xe-tb-‰p. 2011 G{]n¬ 23\v Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw cmPv`-h-\n¬ \S∂ NS-ßn¬ sh®v Kh¿W¿ B¿.-F-kv. Khmbn kX-yhm-NIw sNm√n-s°m-Sp-Øp.

2011˛12 hm¿jnI ]≤-Xn°v AwKo-Imcw t\Sp-∂-Xn-\p≈ Ah-km\ XobXn \n›-bn®p Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃ hm¿jnI ]≤Xn ]q¿Æam°n Pn√m Bkq-{XW kan-Xn-bpsS AwKo-Imcw t\-Sp∂-Xn-\p≈ Ah-km\ Xob-Xn-Iƒ \n›-bn®v k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hm-bn. F√m Xe-Øn-sebpw Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm-]-\߃ hm¿jnI ]≤-Xnbpw t{]mP-IvSp-Ifpw A¥n-a-am°n sSIv\n-°¬ AssUz-kdn {Kq∏p-Iƒ°v ka¿∏n-t°≠ Ah-km\ Xo-bXn 2011 Pq¨ 4 BWv. Pn√m Bkq-{X-Wk-an-XnbpsS AwKo-Imcw t\tS≠ Ah-km\ XobXn 2011 Pq¨ 10 BWv.

4

]›m-Ø-e-ta-J-ebv°v hI-bn-cp-Øm-hp∂ XpI-bpsS ]cn[n h¿≤n-∏n-®p {Kma, tªm°v, Pn√m ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v e`n-°p∂ s]mXp-hn-`mKw hnI-k-\-^-≠n¬ \n∂v ]›m-Ø-e-ta-Jebv°v hIbn-cp-Øm-hp∂ XpI-bpsS ]cn[n 40 iX-am-\ambn h¿≤n-∏n®v k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hm-bn. {Kma-]-©m-b-ØpIƒ°pw \K-c-k-`-Iƒ°pw A\p--h-Zn-°p∂ s]mXp-hn-`mKw hnI-k-\-^-≠n¬ km[m-cW hnln-Xw, temI-_m¶v klmbw, ]Xn-aq∂mw [\-Imcy IΩo-j≥ Ahm¿Uv, {]tXyI {Km‚ v F∂nh Dƒs∏--Sp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw temI-_m¶v klmb-Øn\pw {]tXyI {Km‚n\pw taJ-em-Xe am¿§-\n¿t±-i߃ _m[-I-a-s√∂v k¿°m¿ hy‡-am-°n. AXm-bXv s]mXp-hn-`mKw ^≠n¬ \n∂v DXv]m-Z\ - , ]›m-Øe taJeIƒ°v hI-bn-cp-tØ≠ hnlnXw \n›-bn-°p-tºmgpw BsI hnI-k-\-^-≠n¬ \n∂v h\nXm LSI ]≤-Xn, {]tXyI ]cn-K-W\ A¿ln-°p∂ hn`m-K-ß-fpsS ]≤-Xn, tNcn hnI-k\w apXemb ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v hI-bn-cp-tØ≠ hnlnXw \n›-bn-°p-tºmgpw temI-_m¶v klm-bhpw {]tXyI {Km‚pw Hgn-hm-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. taJem hIbncpج kw_-‘n® a‰p am¿§-\n¿t±-i-߃ am‰-an-√msX XpS-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. temI-_m¶v klmbw, {]tXyI {Km‚ v F∂nh hnI-k-\-^≠v A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amb GsXmcp ImcyØn\pw taJ-em-Xe am¿§-\n¿t±-i-߃ _m[-I-a-√msX hn-\n-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. ]Xn-aq∂mw [\-Imcy IΩn-j≥ Ahm¿Uv XpI hnI-k\ - ^ - ≠v A\p-hZ- \ - o-ba - mb GsXmcp Imcy-Øn\pw taJ-em-Xe am¿§-\n¿t±-i-߃°v hnt[-bambn hn\n-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. Cu DØ-chv {]Im-ca - p≈ am¿§-\n¿t±-i-߃ 2011˛12 hm¿jnI ]≤Xn apX¬ {]m_ey-Øn¬ hcp-∂-Xm-Wv. (k.-D.(-km-[m)-\w.1055/2011/Xkz-`h, XobXn 23.04.2011.) sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]©mbØv cmPv ]©m-bØv hIp∏v {]kn-≤o-I-cWw

sabv 2011 ]pkvXIw 51 e°w 2 hm¿jnI hcnkwJy:

`

120

www.lsg.kerala.gov.in

D]tZiI kanXn sNb¿am≥

]©m-bØv hIp∏v a{¥n AwK߃

Fkv.F - w. hnP-bm-\µv, sF.F.-Fkv. AUo-jW - ¬ No^v sk{I´dn, Xt±ikzbw`cWhIp∏v

Fw.\-µI - p-am¿ sF.F.-Fkv. UbdIvS¿ C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]ªnIv dntej≥kv hIp∏v

]n.Sn. amXyp {]kn-U‚v tIcf {Kma]©mbØv Atkmkntbj≥

kn.F-k.v _nPp sk{I´dn, {]kv ¢∫v, Xncph\¥]pcw

Pn. lcn-Ir-jvW≥ ]ªnkn‰n Hm^ok¿, ]©m-bØv hIp∏v I¨ho-\¿

sI. B¿. apc-fo-[c- ≥ sF.F.-Fkv. ]©mbØv UbdIvS¿

FUn-‰¿

sI. B¿. apc-fo-[c- ≥ sF.F.-Fkv.

e-mail: directorofpanchayat@gmail.com Ph: 0471-2323286

Akn v FUn-‰¿

Pn. lcn-Ir-jvW≥ e-mail: pub.off@gmail.com Ph: 0471-2321053

Ih¿ Unssk≥ & te Hu´v F._n.kn. I-f¿ kn-Ãwkv teJIcpsS A`n{]mbw k¿°mcnt‚Xmbncn°Wsa∂n√. AhbpsS ]q¿Æamb DØchmZnXzw teJI¿°v am{Xambncn°pw. ]c- k- y - ß - fpsS D≈- S- °- Ø nepw ]©m-bØvcmPn\v DØ-c-hm-Zn-X-z-an-√. ta¬hn- e mkw FUn-‰¿ ]©m-bØv cmPv amknI ]©m-bØv Ub-dI - vSt- d-‰v, ayq-knbw ]n.-H. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 695033. sabv 2011

Im-e-h¿jw: {i≤n-t°≠ Imcy-߃ Hcp th\¬Nq-Sns‚ ImTn\yw IqSn kln-®p-sIm≠v as‰mcp ag-°m-eØ - ns‚ hchpw ImØp Ign-bp-I-bmWv tIcfw. {]Ir-Xnsb ]pf-I-a-Wn-bn®v kky-P¥p-Po-h-Pm-e-߃°v ]pXp-Po-h≥ \¬Ip∂ CS-h-∏m-Xn-bpsS hc-hn\v {]Xo-£tbmsS ImØn-cn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ ag-°m-e-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v c≠p {][m\ taJ-eI - f - n¬ Xt±-ik - z-bw-`c - W ÿm]-\ß - f - psS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Gs‰-Sp-t°≠ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sf-°p-dn®v _‘-s∏-´-h-cpsS {i≤-bn¬s]Sp-Ø-I-bm-Wn-hnsS. H∂v, ag-sh-≈sØ {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-SpØn `qPe t]mj-WØ - n-eqsS hcƒ®sb {]Xn-tcm-[n-t°-≠-Xns‚ Bh-iy-I-Xsb Ipdn-®mWv. ag-bmWv tIc-f-Øns‚ {]mY-anI Pe-t{km-Xkv. C¥y-bpsS icm-icn hm¿jnI ag-bpsS Afhv 1190 an√o-ao-‰-dmWv. tIc-f-Øn-enXv 3000 an.ao‰dpw. 44 \Zn-Ifpw 45000 Ipfßfpw 3000 an.ao‰¿ agbpw sIm≠v Pe-k-ar-≤-amb \ΩpsS kwÿm-\-Øn¬ ]e-bnSØpw th\¬°m-e-ß-fn¬ hcƒ®bpw ISp-Ø -Ip-Sn-sh≈£mahpw A\p-`-hs∏-Sp-∂p-sh-∂Xv hntcm-[m-`m-k-ambn tXm∂mw. h≥InS \Zn-I-fpsS A`mhw, \Zo-X-S-ß-fnse aW-ens‚ Bg-°p-dhv, sN¶p-Ømb `q{]-IrXn XpS-ßnb ImcW-ß-fm¬ \ΩpsS Pe-k-º-Øns‚ 70 iX-am-\-tØmfw IS-en-te°v HgpIn \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh∂ hkvXpX \ne-\n-ev°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ \ap°v e`n-°p∂ agsb imkv{Xo-b-amb coXn-Iƒ Ah-ew-_n®v `qPet]mjWw \S-Øp-∂-Xn\v Imcy-amb {]h¿Ø-\-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂n-s√-∂-XmWv kXyw. Imk¿tImSv Pn√bnse aSnss°, ]me-°mSv Pn√-bnse AI-tØ-Ød XpS-ßnb ]©m-b-ØpIƒ \S-Øp∂ amXr-Im-]-c-amb Pe-kw-c-£W {]h¿Ø-\-߃ ChnsS hnkvacn-°p-∂n√. ag-°p-gn-Iƒ, XS-b-W-Iƒ, tIm≠q¿ Iøm-e-Iƒ XpS-ßnb `qP-et]m-jW \n¿Ωn-Xn-Iƒ, asÆm-en∏v Ipd-bv°p-∂-Xn\pw `qK¿`-Pew In\n-™nd-ßp-∂-Xn\pw klm-bn-°p∂ Irjn-co-Xn-Iƒ, ta¬°qc ag-sh≈ sImbvØv XpS-ßnb tIc-f-Øn\v A\p-tbm-Py-amb `qP-e-t]m-jW am¿§-߃ hym]-Iam°n sIm≠-√msX Db¿∂ P\-km-{µ-Xbpw B[p-\nI Pohn-Xs - si-en-sIm≠pw \mƒ°p-\mƒ k¶o¿Æ-ambn sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ Pe-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]iv\߃ ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ Ign-bn√. \ΩpsS Ipf-ßfpw ]c-º-cm-KX Pe-kw-`-c-WnIfpw ]cn-]m-en-®p-sIm≠v ta¬∏-d™ {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n-eqsS h¿j-Im-eØv e`n°p∂ ag-sh-≈sØ {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ Xt±-i`- c - W ÿm]-\ß - ƒ apt∂m´p-h-cWw. c≠m-asØ {][m-\-Imcyw ag-°m-eØv s]m´n-∏p-d-s∏-Sm≥ km≤y-X-bp≈ Pe-P\y˛sImXp-Ip-P\y tcmK-ßsf {]Xn-tcm-[n-°-emWv. 2007 apX¬ G{]n¬, sabv, Pq¨ F∂o amk-ß-fn¬ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS t\Xr-XzØn¬ ag-°m-e-]q¿∆ ipNo-I-cW {]h¿Ø-\-߃ F√m-h¿jhpw \S-∂p-h-cp∂p≠v. ]I¿®-∏\ - nbpw a‰pw {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p-∂X - n¬ hen-sbm-cf - hv hnPbw ssIhcn-°m\pw AXn-eqsS Ign-™n-´p≠v. F∂m¬ Be-∏pg Pn√-bn¬ \o≠ CS-thfbv°p tijw {]Xy-£-s∏´ P∏m≥Pzcw Btcm-Ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ Ign™ Ipd®p h¿j-ß-fmbn \mw t\cn-Sp∂ sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ Ah-km-\n-°p-∂n-√m-sb∂ Xncn-®dnhv D≠m-°p∂p. C°m-cy-Øn¬ BtcmKyw, hnZym-`ymkw, kmaq-ly-t£aw XpS-ßnb hIp-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsSbpw Iq´mb {]h¿Ø\w apsº-∂-tØ-°mfpw i‡-am-t°-≠-Xp≠v. Btcm-Ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ Hmtcm {]tZ-ihpw hyXy-kvX-amb {]iv\-ß-fm-bn-cn°pw A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-∂Xv. AXp IW-°n-se-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠p≈ s]mXp-P\ t_m[-h-Xv°-cWw \S-Øp-∂Xn\v Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃ {]m[m\yw \¬IWw. hoSpw ]cn-k-chpw amen-\y-ap-‡-am-t°-≠-Xns‚ Bh-iy-IX P\-ßsf t_m≤y-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw AØ-c-samcp ipNnXz kwkv°mcw hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m\pw Ign-bWw. tIc-f-Ønse hm¿jnI ag-bpsS 60 iX-am\hpw Pq¨, Pqsse, BKÃv amk-ßf - n-em-Wv e`n-°p-∂Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ e`n-°p∂ ag-sh-≈sØ kw`cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw ag-°me tcmK-ßsf {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-ap≈ {]h¿Ø-\߃°m-hWw C°m-e-b-f-hnse ap≥K-W\.

5


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

apJ-y-a-{¥n-bmbn DΩ≥Nm≠n Kh¿W¿ B¿.-F-kv. Khm-bv apºmsI kX-y-{]-Xn⁄ sNbvXv A[n-Im-c-ta¬°p-∂p.

tI-c-fØn¬ D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bn sF-IyP-\m-[n-]-Xyap∂-Wn a-{¥n-k-` A-[n-Im-c-ta‰p. sa-bv 18\v cm-Pv-`-h\n¬ \-S-∂ N- S - ß n¬ D- Ω ≥- N m- ≠ n- t bm- s Sm- ∏ w ]n.sI.Ip- ™ m- e n- ° p´n, sI.Fw.amWn, sI.]n.tam-l-\≥, Sn.Fw. tP-°_v, sI._n.K-tW-jvIp-am¿, jn-_p t_-_n-tPm¨ F-∂n-hcpw a-{¥n-am-cm-bn k-Xy-{]-Xn⁄ sN-bvXp. c-≠mw-L-´-Øn¬ sa-bv 23\v ]n.sI.A-_v-Zp-d∫v, F.]n.A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, B-cym-S≥ ap-l-ΩZv, sI._m_p, kn.F≥. _m- e - I r- j v W ≥, hn.sI.C- { _m- l nw- I p- ™ v , ]n.sI.P- b - e - £ v a n, sI.kn.tPm-k^v, ]n.sP.tPm-k-^v, Fw.sI.ap-\o¿, ASq¿ {]-Imiv, Xn-cp-h©q¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, hn.F-kv.in-h-Ip-am¿ F-∂n-hcpw a-{¥nam-cm-bn k-Xy-{]-Xn-⁄ sN-bvXp. ]©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆okv

6

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]p-Xn-b a-{¥n-am¿

]n.sI.A-_v-Zp-d∫v

F.]n.A-\n¬-Ip-am¿

B-cym-S≥ ap-l-ΩZv

sI._m_p

kn.F≥._m-e-Ir-jvW≥

sI._n.K-tW-jv-Ip-am¿

hn.sI. C-{_m-lnw-Ip-™v

Sn.Fw. tP-°_v

]n.sI.P-be - £ - van

sI.kn.tPm-k^v

]n.sP.tPm-k^ - v

]n.sI.Ip-™m-en-°p´n

sI.Fw.amWn

sI.]n.tam-l-\≥

Fw.sI.ap-\o¿

ASq¿ {]-Imiv

Xn-cp-h©q¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥ sabv 2011

jn-_p t_-_n-tPm¨

hn.F-kv.in-h-Ip-am¿ 7


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

\ntbm- P Iafiew Imk¿tImSv Pn√ at©-izcw Imk¿tImSv DZpa Im™-ßmSv Xr°-cn-∏q¿ IÆq¿ Pn√ ]ø-∂q¿ I√ym-t»cn Xfn-∏-dºv Ccn-°q¿ Agn-t°mSv IÆq¿ [¿ΩSw Xe-t»cn IqØp-]-dºv a´-∂q¿ t]cm-hq¿ hb-\mSv Pn√ am\-¥hmSn kp¬Øm≥ _tØcn I¬∏‰ tImgn-t°mSv Pn√ hS-Ic Ip‰ymSn \mZm-]pcw

8

t]cv ]n.-_n. A_vZp¬ dkmJv F≥.-F. s\√n-°p∂v sI Ip™n-cm-a≥ C. N{µ-ti-Jc- ≥ sI. Ip™n-cm-a≥ kn. IrjvW≥ Sn.-hn. cmtPjv sPbnwkv amXyp sI.-kn. tPmk^v sI.-Fw. jmPn F.-]n. A_vZp-≈-°p´n sI.-sI. \mcm-b-W≥ tImSntbcn _me-Ir-jvW≥ sI.-]n. taml\≥ C.-]n. Pb-cm-P≥ kÆn -tPm-k^v ]n.-sI. Pb-e£van sF.-kn. _me-Ir-jvW≥ Fw.-hn. t{ibmw-kv Ip-am¿ kn.-sI. \mWp sI.-sI. eXnI C.-sI. hnP-b≥

\ntbm- P Iafiew

t]cv

sImbn-em≠n t]cm{º _mep-t»cn Ge-Øq¿ tImgnt°mSv t\m¿Øv tImgn-t°mSv kuØv sImSp-h≈n Xncp-h-ºmSn Ipµ-aw-Kew t_∏q¿ ae-∏pdw Pn√ sImt≠m´n Gd-\mSv \ne-ºq¿ h≠q¿ at©cn s]cn-¥¬aÆ a¶S ae-∏pdw thßc h≈n-°p∂v Xncq-c-ßmSn Xm\q¿ Xncq¿ tIm´-bv°¬ Xh-\q¿ s]m∂m\n

sI. Zmk≥ sI. Ip™-ΩZv amÿ ]pcp-j≥ IS-ep≠n F.-sI. iio-{µ≥ F. {]Zo-]v Ip-am¿ Fw.-sI. ap\o¿ hn.-Fw. DΩ¿ amÿ kn. tambn≥ Ip´n ]n.-Sn.-F. dlnw Ff-acw Icow sI. apl-Ω-ZpÆn lmPn ]n.-sI. _jo¿ Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZv F.-]n. A\n¬Ip-am¿ Fw. DΩ¿ a™-fmw-Ipgn Aen Sn.-F. Al-ΩZv I_o¿ ]n. Dss_-Zp≈ ]n.-sI. Ip™m-en-°p´n sI.-F≥. F. JmZ¿ ]n.-sI. A_vZp- d∫v A_vZp-d-lnam≥ c≠-ØmWn kn. aΩq´n A_vZp-k-aZv ka-Zm\n sI.-Sn. Peo¬ ]n. {iocm-a-Ir-jvW≥

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv \ntbm- P Iafiew ]me°mSv Pn√ XrØme ]´mºn sjm¿Æq¿ H‰∏mew tImßmSv aÆm¿°mSv ae-ºpg ]me°mSv Xcq¿ Nn‰q¿ s\∑md Be-Øq¿ Xriq¿ Pn√ tNe-°c Ipµw-Ipfw Kpcp-hm-bq¿ aW-eq¿ hS-°m-t©cn H√q¿ Xriq¿ \m´nI Ibv]-aw-Kew Ccn-ßm-e-°pS ]pXp-°mSv Nme-°pSn sImSp-ß-√q¿ Fd-Wm-Ipfw Pn√ s]cp-ºm-hq¿ A¶-amen Beph If-a-t»cn ]d-hq¿ ssh∏n≥ sIm®n Xr∏qWn-Øpd Fd-Wm-Ipfw Xr°m-°c Ip∂-Øp-\mSv ]ndhw aqhm-‰p-]pg tImX-aw-Kew CSp°n Pn√ tZhn-Ipfw DSp-º≥tNme sXmSp-]pg CSp°n ]ocp-taSv tIm´bw Pn√ ]mem ISp-Øp-cpØn ssh°w sabv 2011

t]cv hn.-Sn. _¬dmw kn.-]n. apl-ΩZv sI.-F-kv. keoJ Fw. lwk sI.-hn. hnP-b-Zmkv F≥. jwkp-±o≥ hn.-F-kv. ANyp-Xm-\-µ≥ jm^n ]d-ºn¬ F.-sI. _me≥ sI. ANyp-X≥ hn. sN¥m-a-cm-£≥ Fw. N{µ≥ sI. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥ _m_p Fw. ]men-t»cn sI.-hn. A_vZpƒ Jm-Z¿ ]n.F. am[-h≥ kn.-F≥. _me-Ir-jvW≥ Fw.-]n. hn≥k‚v tXd-ºn¬ cma-Ir-jvW≥ KoX tKm]n hn.-F-kv. kp\n¬Ip-am¿ tXmakv DÆn-bm-S≥ kn. cho-{µ-\mYv _n.-Un. tZhkn Sn.-F≥. {]Xm-]≥ kmPp- t]mƒ tPmkv sX‰-bn¬ A≥h¿ kmZØv hn.-sI. C{_mlnw Ip™v hn.-Un. kXo-i≥ Fkv. i¿Ω sUman-\nIv {]-k-t‚-j≥ sI. _m_p ssl_n CuU≥ s_∂n s_l-∂m≥ hn.-]n. kPo-{µ≥ Sn.-Fw. tP°_v tPmk^v hmg-°≥ Sn.-bp. Ipcp-hnf Fkv. cmtP-{µ≥ sI.sI. Pb-N-{µ≥ ]n.-sP. tPmk^v tdmjn AK-Ãn≥ C.-F-kv. _nPn-tamƒ sI.-Fw. amWn tam≥kv tPmk^v sI. APnØv

\ntbm- P Iafiew G‰p-am-\q¿ tIm´bw ]pXp-∏≈n Nß-\m-t»cn Im™n-c-∏≈n ]q™m¿ Be-∏pg Pn√ Acq¿ tN¿Øe Be-∏pg Aº-e-∏pg Ip´-\mSv lcn-∏mSv Imbw-Ipfw amth-en-°c sNß-∂q¿ ]Ø-\w-Xn´ Pn√ Xncp-h√ dm∂n Bd-∑pf tIm∂n ASq¿ sIm√w Pn√ Icp-\m-K-∏≈n Nhd Ip∂-Øq¿ sIm´m-c-°c ]Ø-\m-]pcw ]p\-eq¿ NS-b-aw-Kew Ip≠d sIm√w Cc-hn-]pcw NmØ-∂q¿ Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw Pn√ h¿°e B‰n-߬ Nnd-bn≥Iogv s\Sp-a-ßmSv hma-\-]pcw Ig-°q´w h´n-bq¿°mhv Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw t\aw Acp-hn-°c ]md-»me Im´m°S tImhfw s\øm-‰n≥Ic

t]cv sI. kptcjv Ipdp∏v Xncp-h-©q¿ cm[m-Ir-jvW≥ DΩ≥Nm≠n kn.-F-^v. tXmakv F≥. Pb-cmPv ]n.-kn. tPm¿Pv F.Fw.- Bcn^v ]n. Xntem-Ø-a≥ Sn.-Fw. tXmakv sFkIv Pn. kp[m-I-c≥ tXmakv Nm≠n ctaiv sN∂n-Øe kn.-sI. kZm-in-h≥ B¿. cmtPjv ]n.-kn. hnjvWp-\mYv amXyp Sn tXmakv cmPp F{_lmw sI. inh-Zm-k≥ \mb¿ ASq¿ {]Imiv Nn‰bw tKm]-Ip-am¿ kn. Znhm-I-c≥ jn_p t__n-tPm¨ tImhq¿ Ip™p-tam≥ ]n. Abnjm t]m‰n sI.-_n. KtW-jvIp-am¿ sI. cmPp ap-√-°c cXv\m-I-c≥ Fw.-F. t__n ]n.-sI. Kpcp-Zm-k≥ F.F. Akokv Pn.-F-kv. Pb-em¬ h¿°e Ilm¿ _n. kXy≥ hn. iin ]mtemSv chn tImen-b-t°mSv F≥. IrjvW≥\m-b¿ Fw.-F. hmlnZv sI. apc-fo-[-c≥ hn.F-kv. inh-Ip-am¿ hn. inh≥Ip´n Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ F.-Sn. tPm¿Pv F≥. i‡≥ Paoe {]Imiw B¿. sk¬hcmPv (]©mbØv \yqkv k¿∆okv)

9


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tUm. Fkv. {iotZhn

""Hcp XØz-im-kv{X-Øn≥ ssX \´p Rm≥ F∂pw ]ngpXp t\m°p∂p thsc-Æm≥''

I

Hcp tImSXnbpw Pmayw sImSp-°mØ AZr-iy-amb Hcp kaqlw˛AXns\ \msams°t®¿∂p ]S®p h®n-cn-°p∂p. kz¥w kz¿Ww ]n®-f-bm-sW∂p Xncn-®-dn-™n´pw ]Ø-c-am‰p kz¿Æ-am-sW∂v A`n-\-bn®v A`n-am-\n-°p∂p. Bip-]-{Xn-Iƒ am{X-a√ Child friendly BtI-≠Xv. BZyw kv°qfmWv inip-t{]an BtI-≠Xv.

10

hn-sb-∂t- ]m-setbm AXn-e[ - nItam {]ikvXn A[ym-]I - s - \∂ \nebn¬ t\Sn-°-gn™ H F≥ hn Ipdp∏ns‚ ""Rm≥'' F∂ IhnX IÆp Xpd-∏n-®n´p Imew Gsd-bmbn. GXp I¿j-I\pw {]mY-an-I-am-bp≈ AdnhmWv ssX \´m¬ thcp ]nSn-°m\p≈ "kabw' AXn\p sImSp-°-Wsa-∂p-≈Xv. ]©-X{- ¥-Øn¬ Hcp Ipcßs\ tXm´w G¬∏n-®Xpw Ah≥ F∂pw thcp-]n-Sn-t®m-∂-dn-bm≥ ssX Iƒ ]ngpXp t\m°n-bXpw tijw Nn¥yw F∂Xpw ]g-¶-Y-b√. \ΩpsS apØ-»n-°Y - b - n¬ am{X-amWv hnkvab - mh-l-amb hf¿®-Iƒ `mh-\-bn¬ hncnbp-∂Xv. F∂m¬ ka-b-_-‘n-X-am-bn´-√msX XØz-im-kv{X-ßf - psS ssXI ƒ thcp ]nSn-°p-Ib - n√. Cu kc-fa - mb

Adn-hmWv hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ ImcyØnepw kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv. Hcp ]cnjv°mcw \ne-hn¬ h∂m¬ AXn\v thcp ]nSn-°m-\p≈ kabw, Cucne hoim-\p≈ kabw sImSp-°Ww. sNSn hmSmsX t\m°Ww. kqcy-{]-Im-ihpw Pehpw Bh-iy-Øn\p e`n-°Ww. A Xym-hiyw hfhpw. ]ns∂ If-I-fpsS D]-{Z-h-an-√msX t\m°p∂ \√ tXm´°m-cp-≠m-IWw. ]qØpw Xfn¿Øpw ImbvNpw \n¬°p∂ ac-ßsf t\m°n\n∂v B\-µn-°p∂ a\p-jy¿ thWw. Infn- I ƒ°pw AÆm\pw hI- b n- c pØnb ^e-߃ Ahbv°p In´Ww. Im t‰ hm˛F\n-s°mcp amºgw Xt∂t]m˛ F∂p kvt\ln-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°p ]g߃ In´Ww. Ah¿ Bkz-Zn-°p-I bpw ]¶n-Sp-Ibpw sNøWw. \√ Ip´nIƒ \√ apXn¿∂ a\p-jy-cmbn {]Ir Xn kvt\ln-Ifpw ]cn-kc kvt\lnIfpw Bbn hf¿∂p hcWw. Ch¿ ]Tn-

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv °p∂ hnZym-e-b-߃ hnhn[ hnj-b߃ ]I¿∂p sImSp-°p-∂-tXm-sSm ∏w a\p-jys‚ "sNØhpw Nqcpw' Adnbn-®p-sIm-Sp-°Ww. "shfn®w shfn®w k¿h{X' F∂m-bn-cn-°Ww hnZym-e-bß-fpsS ap{Zm-hmIyw. Ak-tXm am kXv K-ab, Xatkm am tPymXn¿ Kab, artXym¿ am AarXw Kab F ∂ D]-\n-jØv hmIy-ß-sf-°mƒ Ip ´n-Iƒ°p a\- n-emIpw shfn-®-Øn s‚(Adn-hns‚), {]Im-i-sØ-°p-dn®v. CØcw ]mTy-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃°pw C Xc {]h¿Ø-\-߃°pw kabw th Ww. thcp-]n-Sn-°m-\p≈ kabw In´nbn-s√-¶n¬ h∂p-tN-cp∂ \mi-sØ-°pdn®v \mw t_m[-hm-∑m-cm-bn-cn-°Ww. Npcp-°n-Iq-´n-∏-d-bm-at√m `c-W-]-£ßƒ amdn-amdn hcp-∂t- XmsS hnZym-`ym kw F∂ sNSn thcp-]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xn\p apºv ]dn®p \S-s∏Spw. an°-hmdpw ]p Xnb `qan-bn¬ AXp thcp-]n-Sn-°msX Xs∂ ]´p-t]mIpw. ]mT-]p-kvX-I-߃ ]cn-jv°-cn-°p∂-Xn\pw A[ym-]\ X{¥-߃ ]cnjv°-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw hnZym-`ymk aqey߃ Dd-∏m-°p-∂-Xn\pw IrXy-ambn ]Sn-™m-tdm´p t\m°p∂ \ne-]mSv Hgn-hm-°Ww. C¥y F∂ cmPy-Øn s‚ A`n-hr-≤n°v ]Sn-™m-d≥ kwkv Im-c-߃ \¬Inb CuSp‰ kw`m-h-\Isf Xcw XmgvØn ImWp-Ib - √ teJIs‚ e£yw. \mw \nXyhpw ImWp∂, tIƒ°p ∂, ]c-ky-ßf - n¬ H∂p {i≤n°mw. Hm \mep Intem `mc-ap≈ Cu kvIqƒ _mKv Ip´n Npa-∂p-sIm≠p t]mIs≠? Ah\p km[m-cW `£Ww aXntbm? \n›-ba - mbpw FIvkv{Sm \dn-jvsa‚ v thWw. Rm≥ AXn-\mbn Fs‚ Ip´n °v ... sImSp-°p∂p. ChnsS AΩ-bpsS thh-emXn Ip´n-bpsS imco-cnI hf¿®sb-∏-‰n-bmWv. F∂m¬ \mep-Intem `mc-ap≈ B kvIqƒ _mKn¬ \membncw Intem `mc-ap≈ Adn-hp-Isf Hfn∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v ]mhw AΩ F¥-dn-bp∂p? Ipcp∂p a\- p-I-fn¬ F¥n\o `mcw? Cu `mcw GXv Afhp-tImep sIm≠mWv Af-t°-≠Xv? an\pØ jqkpw Npfn hogmØ bqWnt^mapw hm´¿ t_m´nepw ssSbpw Imdpw kv°qƒ _ pw BtWm Ah \n¿Æbn-t°-≠Xv? A\y-`mj hnI-e-ambn ]d™v ta\n \Sn- ° p- ∂ tXm am\Zfiw? amXr-`mj ]d-bp-∂X - n\v in£ t\Sp-∂tXm am\-Zfiw? hnhn[ kv°qfp-I-fnse s]mXptbm-K-ß-fnepw amXr-kw-Ka-ß-fnepw c£m- I ¿Ør kwL- S - \ - I - f nepw AØcw ]e thZn- I - f nepw Rm≥ sabv 2011

_eqWpw anTm-bnbpw {]th-i\ Km\hpw \rØhpw Ip´n-Isf BZy-Zn-hkw {`an-∏n-t®°mw. ]ns∂-∏ns∂ hnZym-e-b-Øns‚ X\n-s°mWw˛ X\n-KpWw, Ah¿ Xncn-®-dnbpw. \√ ]g-Øns‚ kzmZv Infn-Ifpw AÆm\pw Adn-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse Xs∂ Ip´n-Ifpw Xncn-®dnbpw. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ \√Xpw NoØbpw Xncn-®dn-bp∂ H∂mw \º¿ ]p≈n Ip´n Xs∂-bmWv. F∂m¬ NXn-bn¬ s]Sp-∂Xpw Ip´n Xs∂.

CØcw kwi-b-߃ Dds° tNmZn®n-´p≠v. Ip´n-Iƒ F¥n\p kv°qfn¬ t]mIp∂p? \nß-fpsS Ip´n BcmIWw? hnZym-`ymkw Ip´n°v kpJ-Ic-amb A\p-`-h-amtWm? Ip´n-I-fpsS kz`m-h-cq-]o-I-c-W-Øn¬ KpW-I-c-ßfmb hyXn- b m- \ - ß ƒ h∂p tNcp∂pt≠m? {]oss{]-adn ¢mkp-If - n¬ Ip´n-Iƒ Hu]- N m- c nI ]T- \ hpw ]co- £ bpw t\cn-S-Wtam? ss{]adn hnZym-`ymkw amXr-`m-j-bn-eqsS BI-cptXm? Ip´n- I ƒ°p Ifn- ° m≥ CSw tht≠? kz¥-ambn NneXp Is≠Øm≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v Ah-kcw Dt≠m? ]mT-]p-kvX-I-߃ IqSmsX Nne hmb-\m-\p-`-h-߃ In´m-dpt≠m? hnZym¿∞n- I ƒ°v ssKUp- I ƒ hen-®p-hmcn sImSp-°tWm? ss{]h‰v Syqj≥ \n¿_- ‘ - a mbpw sImSp°tWm? A[ym-]-I-sc-°p-dn®p Ip´nIƒ F¥p hnNm-cn-°p∂p, ]d-bp∂p? kl-]m-Tn-I-sf-°p-dn®v F¥p ]dbp∂p? a’-c-ß-fn¬ Pbn-°m-\mbn am{Xw P\n-®-h-cmtWm Ip´n-Iƒ? Fs‚ hnZym-ebw, Fs‚ A[ym]-I≥, Fs‚ Iq´p-Imcn, Iq´p-Im-c≥ Fs∂ms° A`n-am-\-tØmsS Ip´nIƒ kwkm-cn-°m-dpt≠m? ]Tn® ]Zy-ßtfm IY-Itfm Xami-Itfm ho´p-Im-cp-ambn Ip´n-Iƒ ]¶ph-bv°m-dpt≠m? Krl-]m-T-߃ Ip´nIƒ°p Xmßm-\m-hm-Ø{X Dt≠m? F∂n-ßs\ ]e tNmZyßpw A¥-co£-Øn¬ ]d∂p \S°pw. an°-hmdpw F√mcpw au\w hnZzm\p `qjWw F∂ a´n¬ Ccp-∂p-I-fbpw. \mtSm-Sptºmƒ \Spth HmSt≠? tNc-sb-Øn∂p∂ \m´n¬ \Sp-°≠w Xn∂t≠ F∂pw Nne¿ {]Xn-Ic - n-®n-´p≠v. {]kwKhpw {]hr-Ønbpw XΩn¬ AIew hfsc IqSp-X-em-sW∂pw Nne¿ Hm¿ Ωn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. hoSn-t\-°mƒ kpc-£n-

X-amb HcnSw kvIqfm-sW∂v Nne¿ ]dbpw. Ae-bm-≠n-cn-°m≥ A∏p-°nfnsb kv°qfn¬ tN¿ØXv ]ecpw Hm¿°p-∂p≠v. (H.hn.hnP-b≥: Jkm°ns‚ CXn-lmkw)

\mep-Intem `mc-ap≈ B kvIqƒ _mKn¬ \mem-bncw Intem `mc-ap≈ Adn-hp-Isf Hfn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-s\°p-dn®v ]mhw AΩ F¥-dn-bp∂p? Ipcp∂p a\- p-If- n¬ F¥n\o `mcw? Cu `mcw GXv Af-hp-tImep sIm≠m Wv Af-t°-≠Xv ? an\pØ jqkpw Npfn hogmØ bqWn-t^mapw hm´¿ t_m´nepw ssSbpw Imdpw kv°qƒ _ pw BtWm Ah \n¿Æ-bn-t°-≠ Xv ? A\y-`mj hnI-e-ambn ]d™v ta\n \Sn-°p-∂tXm am\-Zfiw? amXr`mj ]d-bp-∂X - n\v in£ t\Sp-∂tXm am\-Zfiw?

11


]©m-b-Øv cmPv CØcw kaq-l-tØmSv ]cn-`-h-an√msX tNmZn-°s´˛Ipcp∂p a\- p-Ifn¬ F¥n\v C{Xbpw `mcw? inip hnlm-c-ß-fm-bn-Øo-tc≠ {]mY-anI hnZym-e-b-߃ inip hntcm[n- I - f mbn h¿Øn- ° p- ∂ Xp I≠v [m¿ΩnItcmjw sIm≠-h¿ Ncn-{XØn¬ D≠v. s]kvX-tem n, tam≠nt mdn, {^_¬, Km‘nPn, SmtKm¿, hnth-Im-\-µ≥, {io\m-cm-bW Kpcp Fs∂ms° ]e t]cp-Iƒ km[m-c-W°m¿t]mepw hnfn-®p-]-dbpw. ]ymtj, sshtKmSvkvIn, t{^mbnUv, bpMv, BUve¿, tImlve¿, ]mhvtem]v, aent\mhv k v ° n XpS- ß nb F{Xtbm t]cp-Iƒ A[ym-]I hnZym¿∞nIƒ Hm¿°pw. HSp-hn¬ Models of Teaching F∂ thZ ]pkv X - I - s Ø- ∏ - ‰ nbpw ]dbpw. \ΩpsS A[ym-]I ]cn-io-e\ tI{µ-ß-fpsS \ne-]mSv ""G´n-e-∏Sn ]b-‰n-en-∏Sn'' F∂p Xs∂. Hcp t\gvkdn-bn¬ ]n©p sNSn-Isf {i≤n®p hf¿Øp∂ hn[w a\p-jy-°p-´n-Isf a\p-jy-t\-gvk-dn-I-fn¬ hf¿ØWw F∂p ]d-™-t∏mƒ Hcp A[ym-]nI kXy-k-‘-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-®Xp Rm≥ Hm¿°p∂p. ""AsX ‰o®¿, R߃ hfsc {i≤n-®mWp hf¿Øp-∂Xv. a‰p Ip´n-Iƒ D]-{Z-hn-°msX, hoWp ssI Im-ep-Iƒ apdn-bmsX, kz¥w ‰n^n≥ Ign®v, S∆-en¬ apJw XpS®v, Ddßn DW¿∂v ]Tn®v, kvIqƒ _ n¬ hcnh-cn-bmbn tIdn Xm¥m-߃°p≈ Ccn-∏n-S-ß-fn¬ Ime-Sp-∏n®v Ccn-°p∂ Ip´n-I-sf-bmWv R߃ {i≤m-]q¿∆w hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-∂Xv. Ip´n-I-fpsS amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂X - mWv R߃ sImSp- ° p- ∂ Xv . R߃ k¥p- j v S - c mWv ''. \n - l m- b - c mb CØcw A[ym-]n-I-am-cpsS \njv°-f¶-Xsb tNmZyw sNøm≥ B¿°mWv A[n-Imcw? hnZym-`ymkw F∂-XpsIm≠v amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ [cn-®p-h-imbn-cn-°p∂ sshI-ey-sØ-°p-dn®v AhtcmSpw ]d™p t\m°n-bn-´p≠v. KW-]Xn {]mX-ense Ip´n-K-W-]Xn- s b- t ∏mse I≠Xpw ISn- b Xpw

12

sh´n- h n- g p- ß m- \ p≈ hni- ∏ p- a mbn hcp∂ Ip´n-I-fn¬ ]ecpw A¿≤-]-´nWn- ° m- c m- b n- t ∏m- I p- ∂ p≠v . AanX `£Ww sImSpØv APo¿Æ-ap-≠m°p- ∂ Xpw \∂√. ]ns∂ \√- t XXmWv? Nn{X-i-e-`-ß-sf-°≠v ]mSn-∏d- ° m\pw ]q°sf t\m°n Nncn°m\pw shbnepw agbpw hcp-tºmƒ Ipdp- ° s‚ IeymWw ImWm\pw (Dufs‚ s]Æp sI´mWv IqSp-X¬ DNn-X-amb {]tbmKw F∂v Ft∂mSp ]d-™Xv shßm-\q¿ kv°qfnse Hcp Ip´n-bmWv) Xpºn-sb-s°m≠v Is√Sp-∏n-°m\pw h≠-Øms\ Ifn-bm-Sm≥ hnfn-°m\pw ]c-kv]cw sI´n-ad - n-bm\pw HmSn-sØm-Sm\pw Ip¥n-°-fn-°m\pw s\√n° ISn- ® p- a p- d n®v ]¶n- S m\pw AXns‚ Ipcp s_©ns‚ Imen‚-Snbn¬ h®v s]m´n®p Xn∂n´v Fs¥mcp kzmZv F∂p ]d-bm\pw Ign-bp∂ Ip´nIƒ ]≠sØ IY-I-fmbn amdn-°gn™p. Krl-]m-T-ß-fmbn acym-Zm-kc-f-amb t\m°pw hm°pw kvt\l-emf-\-ßfpw Hfn™pw sXfn™pw Im´nbn- c p∂ Hcp Xe- a pd Akv X - a n®p Ign™p. kwkv°m-c-iq-\yX Hmfw sh´p∂ A¥-co-£-Øn¬ hf¿∂p-hcp∂, hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-cp∂ Ip´nIƒ kwkv°mc ]q¿Æ-cm-Ip-∂-sXßs\? CØcw F{Xtbm DØ-c-an-√mt®m-Zy-߃, ho´m-°S- ß - ƒ, D≈n-te‰n \S-°p∂ _me-kw-LsØ krjvSn°p-∂-Xns‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw BcmWv Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠Xv? Hcp tImSXnbpw Pmayw sImSp- ° mØ AZr- i y- a mb Hcp kaqlw˛AXns\ \msams°-t®¿∂p ]S®p h®n-cn-°p∂p. kz¥w kz¿Ww ]n®- f - b m- s W∂p Xncn- ® - d n- ™ n´pw ]Ø-c-am‰p kz¿Æ-am-sW∂v A`n-\bn®v A`n-am-\n-°p∂p. Bip-]-{Xn-Iƒ am{X-a√ Child friendly BtI-≠Xv. BZyw kv°qfmWv inip-t{]an BtI≠Xv. _eqWpw anTm-bnbpw {]th-i\ Km\hpw \rØhpw Ip´n-Isf BZy-Znhkw {`an-∏n-t®°mw. ]ns∂-∏ns∂ hnZym-e-b-Øns‚ X\n-s°mWw˛ X\nKpWw, Ah¿ Xncn-®-dnbpw. \√ ]gØns‚ kzmZv Infn-Ifpw AÆm\pw Adn-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse Xs∂ Ip´n-Ifpw Xncn-®-dnbpw. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ \√Xpw

NoØbpw Xncn-®d - n-bp∂ H∂mw \º¿ ]p≈n Ip´n Xs∂-bmWv. F∂m¬ NXn-bn¬ s]Sp-∂Xpw Ip´n Xs∂. "Ahƒ Ahs\ tXm´- ° m- c ≥ F∂p \n\®v....' F∂v sk‚ v tPm¨ ]d-bp-∂-t]mse Ip´n-Iƒ A[ym-]Isc \n\-bv°Ww. Ah¿°p sX‰p-]‰p-Ib - n√. DØ-ch - m-Zn-Xz-ap≈ tXm´-°mc≥ Hmtcm sNSn-tbbpw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw {i≤n°pw, kvt\ln°pw, hf¿Øpw. amXm- ] n- X m- ° fpw \√ tXm´-°m-cm-bn-cp-∂m¬ Imcyw hfsc Ffp-∏-Øn-emIpw. sNSnsb hm´p∂ tcmK-ßsf, IoS-ßsf Hs° Xncn-®dn™v ^e-{]-Z-amb ip{iqj \¬In ImØp-sIm-≈pw-t]mse A[ym-]I - cpw amXm-]n-Xm-°fpw Ip´n-Isf hmSmsX Icn-bmsX t\m°Ww. \ΩpsS Ip´n- I ƒ°p PohnXw Im´n-s°m-Sp-°p∂ IÆm-Sn-Iƒ (BZ ¿iw F∂m¬ IÆmSn F∂¿∞-ap≠t√m) apXn¿∂ Xe-ap-d-°m-cmWv. B IÆm-Sn-Iƒ sshI-ey-߃, sX‰pIƒ, A_-≤-߃, Ak-Xy-߃ XpSßn-bh {]Xn-^-en-∏n-®m¬ Ip´n-Iƒ Ahsb hniz-kn®p Xs∂ Xocpw. lrZ-b-ip-≤nbpw emLhhpw hmkvX-

h-Øn¬ ]e amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ°pw A [ym-]I - ¿°pw kaq-lØ - nse am\y-∑m ¿°pw Adn-™p-IqS. ]W-s°m-gp-∏neqsS kvt\lw {]Z¿in-∏n®v Xr]vXcm-Ip-∂-h¿ Hmt∂m¿°pI; hnX-®tX sImøm-\mhq. hnZym- e - b - ß - f psS A¥- c o- £ Øn\pw Nne am‰-߃ KpW-]-c-ambh˛ IqSntb Ignbq. Ir{Xn-a-amb N´ßtfm Nn´-h-´-ßtfm \ap°v _mlyamb A®-S°w Im´n-Øcpw. km¿ hµ \w! F∂v Fs‚ Xe-ap-d-bnse ]ecpw ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv ssZhta hµ\w F∂ A¿∞-]p-jvSn-tbmsS Bbn-cp∂p. ] hn{Xamb Hcp hnImcw AXn\p ]n∂nep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. C∂v Xm¶yq km¿, Xm¶yq amw Fs∂√mw bm{¥n-I-ambn sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

am{Xw ]d-bp-∂Xp tIƒ°p-tºmƒ, ImWp-tºmƒ k¶Sw tXm∂m-dp≠v. Np≠p-sIm≠p ]d-bp-∂Xpw a\- psIm≠p ]d-bp-∂Xpw XΩn¬ hyXymk-ap≠v. CsXms° \tΩmSp ]d-bp-

Hcp ]cn-jv°mcw \ne-hn¬ h∂m¬ AXn\v thcp]nSn-°m-\p≈ kabw, Cucne hoim-\p≈ kabw sImSp°Ww. sNSn hmSmsX t\m°Ww. kqcy- { ]- I m- i hpw Pehpw Bh- i yØn\p e`n-°Ww. AXym-hiyw hfhpw. ]ns∂ If-I-fpsS D]-{Z-h-an-√msX t\m°p∂ \√ tXm´-°m-cp-≠m-IWw. ]qØpw Xfn¿Øpw ImbvNpw \n¬°p ∂ ac-ßsf t\m°n-\n∂v B\-µn-°p∂ a\p-jy¿ thWw. Infn-Iƒ°pw AÆm \pw hI-bn-cp-Ønb ^e-߃ Ah bv ° p In´Ww. Imt‰ hm˛F\ns°mcp amºgw Xt∂t]m˛ F∂p kvt\ln-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°p ]g-߃ In´Ww. Ah¿ Bkz-Zn-°p-Ibpw ]¶nSp-Ibpw sNøWw. \√ Ip´n-Iƒ \√ apXn¿∂ a\p-jy-cmbn {]IrXn kvt\lnIfpw ]cn-kc kvt\ln-Ifpw Bbn hf¿∂p hcWw. Ch¿ ]Tn- ° p∂ hnZym- e - b - ß ƒ hnhn[ hnj- b - ß ƒ ]I¿∂p sImSp-°p-∂t- Xm-sSm∏w a\pjys‚ "sNØhpw Nqcpw' Adn-bn-®psIm-Sp-°Ww. "shfn®w shfn®w k¿ h{X' F∂m-bn-cn-°Ww hnZym-e-b-ßfpsS ap{Zm-hmIyw. sabv 2011

∂Xv hnZym-ebw Ip´n-Iƒ°v ""hfsc {]nb- s ∏´ HcnSw'' A√ F∂mWv . hoSpw Gsd-°psd Aßs\ Xs∂. AXp-sIm-s≠¥m ˛ ]e Ip´n-Ifpw hfsc {]nb- s ∏´ a‰n- S - ß ƒ tXSn t]mIp∂p. ""Hme Fgp-Øm-Wn-Isf Im´n-se-dn™v ]qX-Øns‚ ]n∂mse DÆn-t]m-bX - p-t]mse. ]t£ DÆn-sbtØSn Cd-ßnb AΩ ]qX-Øns\ ASn-b-d-hp-]-d-bn®v DÆnsb hos≠-SpØXv Hm¿°pI. CØcw ]pXnb CSt»-cn-Ifpw ]pXnb ]qX-∏m´pw [mcmf-ambn ]nd-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p. amXrtZthm `h: F∂ D]-\ym-kØ - n\v 100¬ 90 am¿°v hmßn® Ip´n AΩsb IgpØp-sR-cn®p sIm√p∂ IY kXyamWv. G´nse ]ip ]p√p-Xn-∂p-I-bns√∂v F{X-Im-e-ambn \ap-°-dnbmw. Ak- X y- a mb Hcp Pohn- X - s Ø- ∏ - ‰ nbp≈ Ah-t_m[w ssii-h-Ønte

Xs∂ hnf-ºn-s°m-Sp-°p-∂Xv A—-\Ω-amcpw A[ym-]-Icpw aX t\Xm°fpw I®-h-S-°mcpw kn\nam am[y-aßfpw Nne cmjv{So-b-°mcpw F√mhcpw tNcp∂ Hcp KqVkwL-amWv. hnI-e-ß-fmb amXr-I-Iƒ kzoI-cn°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ hnI-e-a-\-kv°-cmIpw F∂-Xn\v kwi-b-an√. \∑-Xn-∑-I-sf°p-dn®pw am\p-jnI aqey-ß-sf-°pdn®pw D≈ ]mT-߃ Pohn-X-Øn¬ Bh¿Øn- ° m\pw {]mh¿Øn- I - a m°m\pw D≈-Xm-sW∂v \ΩpsS Ip´nIƒ°v Adn-bn√. AØcw Hcp shfn®-Øn-te°v Ahsc \bn-°m≥ B¿ °mWv DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw? shdp-∏ns‚ £mcw kvt\l-Øns‚ am[p-cysØ C√m- X m- ° p∂ Hcp Ime- Ø mWv \ΩpsS Ip´n- I ƒ hf- c p- ∂ Xv . a\ ns‚ Aan-X-amb ]ncn-ap-dp°w Ip´nI-fpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb `mh-ßsf am‰n-a-dn°pw. ssii-hhpw _meyhpw Iuam-chpw Hs° \jvSs - ∏-Sp∂ Ah¿ `mc-sa-SpØp Xf-cp∂ Iqen-∏-Wn-°mcm- b n- Ø o- c p∂p. Iqen tNmZn®p hmßp∂ Kuchw, ]ns∂ aZy-Ønepw ab-°p-a-cp-∂nepw \oe-∏-S-ß-fnepw a™- ] p- k v X - I - ß - f nepw Ah- c psS kz]v\-ßsf Xf-®n-Sp∂p. ""]n©nte ]dn-®m¬ \©v'' F∂ sNm√v Ch¿°v ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-t°-≠Xv Bcv? \ΩpsS Ip™p-߃°v ]mI-amb Adn-hp-Iƒ ]I¿∂p \¬Ip∂ coXn \n¿Ø-em-°nbn´v Adn-hns‚ `c-Wn-Iƒ Ip´n-If - psS a\- n-te°p adn-®n-Sp-I-bmWv ]pXnb coXn. AXp-sIm-s≠¥m? Adn-hp≠v; Xncn-®d- n-hn√. ]pXnb `kvam-kp-c∑ - m-cmbn Ah¿ kzbw \mi-Im-cn-I-fmbn hf ¿∂p hne-kp∂p. tijw t]-Pv 34

13


]©m-b-Øv cmPv tUm. B¿. AP-b-Ip-am¿ h¿Ω

B

tcm-Ky-ta-Je - b - nse kpNn-¥nX-amb CS-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eqsS henb kmaqly t\´w D≠m-°nb Hcp kw ÿm-\-amWv tIc-fw. CXns‚ ^eambn ac-W-\n-c°v Ipd-bp-∂-Xn\pw PohnX ssZ¿Lyw h¿≤n-°p-∂-Xn\pw k¿thm-]cn s]mXp-P\ - m-tcm-Ky-ÿnXn sa®- s ∏- S p- ∂ - X n\pw Ign™n- ´ p- ≠ v . F∂m¬ Gdnh-cp∂ hy‡n-Nn¥ km aq-ly-kw-c-£W Nn¥-tbbpw {]h¿ Ø-\ß - s - fbpw ]nt∂m-´S- n-°p∂ ÿn Xn Bi-¶-tbmsS ImtW-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p. ipjv°n-®p-h-cp∂ ipNn-Xz-ÿnXnbpw h¿[n®p-h-cp∂ ]I¿®-hym-[nIfpw \ΩpsS {]Ya ]cn-K-W-\-bn¬ htc- ≠ n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. CXn- \ m- b p≈ hnhn[ {ia- ß - f n¬ H∂mWv 2007 apX¬ Bcw-`n-®Xpw F√m-h¿jhpw G{]n¬, sabv, Pq¨ amk-ß-fn¬ XpS¿∂p-h-cp-∂-Xp-amb ag-°m-e-]q¿∆ ipNo-Ic - W Imºbn≥. a¨kq¨ ImeØv tIc-f-Øn¬ ]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ ]S¿∂p- ] n- S n- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ km[y Xsb ap∂n¬ I≠p-sIm-≠p≈ {]Xntcm-[-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXp \S-∏n-em°n hcn-Ib - mWv CXneqsS \mw sNbvXp-h-cp-∂-Xv. {]mtZinI {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eqsS sImXpIns‚ Dd-hnSw \in-∏n-®pw HmS-Iƒ, tXmSp-Iƒ, Ipf-߃ XpS-ßn-bh hr Øn-bm-°nbpw hoSpw Np‰p-]m-Spw s]m Xp-ÿ-ehpw hrØn-bmbn ]cn-]m-en-

14

®pw sh≈-s°-´n-√msX kwc-£n®pw ]cn-k-c-ip-NnXzw Dd-∏m-°pI F∂ e£y-amWv \mw CXn-eqsS t\Sm≥ {ian-°p-∂X - v. Xt±-i k - z-bw-`c - W ÿm ]- \ - ß - f psS t\Xr- X z- Ø n¬ F√m hm¿Up-I-fnepw \ne-hn-ep≈ km\n-t´j≥ kan-Xn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ {]tZisØ {KŸ-im-e-Iƒ, k∂≤ kw L-S-\-Iƒ, dkn-U≥kv Atkm-kn-tbj- \ p- I ƒ, kv I qfp- I ƒ, \mj- W ¬ k¿∆okv kvIow, F≥.-kn.-kn., IpSpw_-{io, sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤Xn {]h¿ØI¿, {]mtZ-inI BtcmKy {]h¿Ø-I¿ F∂n-hs - c-sb√mw ]s¶Sp∏n-®p-sIm≠v hn]p-e-amb Imº-bn-\pw ipNo-I-cWhpamWv {]h¿Ø-\-߃. BtcmKyw, hnZym-`ym-kw, Xt±ikzbw-`c - Ww, \K-cI - m-cyw, Pe-hn-`h - w, kmaq-ly-t£aw, arK-kw-c-£-Ww, Irjn, s]mXp-acm-aØv XpS-ßnb hIp-∏p-I-fpsS G tIm-]n-∏n® {]h¿Ø\w Xt±-i-ÿm]\Xe-Øn¬ Dd-∏phcpØp∂ kao-]\hpw kzoI-cn-®p-h-cp-∂p. ]©mbØv/\Kck`mXe {]h¿Ø-\-߃ ]©mbØpIfptSbpw \Kck` IfptSbpw t\XrXzØn¬ hnhn[ hIp∏pXe {]h¿ØItcbpw hnZym¿ ∞nItfbpw k∂≤ {]h¿ØItcbpw GtIm]n∏n®v hm¿UpXeØn¬ ipNn Xz{]h¿Ø-\-߃ Is≠ØpIbpw

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

ka-b_ - ‘ - n-Xa - mb I¿Ω]cn]mSnIƒ Bkq-{XWw sNøp-I-bpamWv BZye-£yw. CtXmsSm∏w {]h¿Ø-\-ß fpsS {]m[m\ysØ°-pdn®pw {]tZ-i sØ Hmtcm hy‡nbpw IpSpw-_hpw Cu {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n¬ ]¶m-fn-If - m-tI≠-Xn-s‚bpw Bh-iy-IX Nq≠n-°m´n-bpap≈ hn]peamb {]NmcWhpw Hmtcm hm¿Unepw kwLSn∏nt°≠Xp-≠v. CXn-\mbn Xmsg-∏-d-bp∂ {]h ¿Ø-\-߃ klm-b-I-am-Ipw. hm¿UpXe ipNnXz Iq´mbvabpw ipNnXz kvIzmUpIfpsS cq]oIcWhpw hm¿UpXeØn¬ hmb\imeIƒ, ¢∫pIƒ, k∂≤kwLS\Iƒ, dkn U≥kv Atkmkntbj\pIƒ, bph P\ kwLS\Iƒ, hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ, alnfm kwL-S-\-Iƒ, IpSpw-_{io {]h¿Ø-I¿, kv°qfp-Iƒ, BtcmKy ÿm]\߃, {KmaXe DtZymKÿ¿ F∂nhcpsS Iq´mbva hm¿Uv saº¿amcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-hp∂-Xm-Wv. CØcØn¬ hnfn®ptN¿ °p∂ "hm¿UpXe ipNnXz Iq´mbva' bn¬ sh®v ipNnXz am∏nwKv \S-Øp∂-Xn\pw I¿Ω]≤Xn cq]oIcn-°p-∂Xn-\pap≈ {]h¿Ø\߃ Bkq{X Ww sNøm-hp-∂X - m-Wv. CXn-\mbn Cu Iq´mbvabn¬ ]s¶Sp°p∂hsc Dƒs°m≈n®psIm≠v ipNnXz kvIzm UpIƒ cq]oIcn°mhp-∂-Xm-Wv. hm¿ Uns‚ hen- ∏ - a - \ p- k - c n®v ipNnXz kvIzmUpIfpsS FÆw \n›bn°p Ibpw P\{]Xn\n[n, F.Un.Fkv AwK߃, Bimh¿°¿ F∂nhcn semcmfpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ kvIzmUp Iƒ cq]o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Xmsg-]-d-bp∂ {]h¿Ø\߃ Gs‰Sp°p-I-bp-amhmw.  hm¿Un¬ ÿnXnsNøp∂ hoSp Ifpw ÿm]-\-ßfpw kµ¿in°p Ibpw ag°me]q¿∆ ipNoIcW {]h¿Ø\ßtfbpw AhbpsS {]m[m\ysØ°p-dn®pw t_m[ys∏ SpØpIbpw sNøpI. sabv 2011

 BgvNbn¬ Hcp Znhkw F√m ho

SpIfnepw ÿm]\ßfnepw "ss{U tU' BNcn°phm≥ \n¿t±in°p Ibpw B ZnhkØn¬ sNtø≠ {]h¿Ø\ßsf°pdn®p hni-Zo-Icn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I.  sImXpIpIfpsS DdhnS߃ \in ∏n°pI, t¢mdnt\j≥ \SØpI apXemb ipNnXz {]h¿Ø\ß ƒ°v klm-bhpw t{]c-Wbpw \¬ Ip-I.  ipNnXz am∏nwKv \SØpIbpw dnt∏m¿´v Xømdm°pIbpw sNøpI.  Bgv N bnsemcn°¬ ag- ° me ]q¿∆ ipNo-I-cW {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpsS ]ptcmKXn hnebncpØpI. hm¿UpXe ipNnXz am∏nwKv kwÿm\sØ F√m hm¿Unepw amen\y {]iv\߃ Dff {]tZi߃, shffw sI´n \n∂v sImXpIv s]cpIp

]©mbØpIfptSbpw \Kck` IfptSbpw t\XrXzØn¬ hnhn[ hIp∏pXe {]h¿ØItcbpw hnZym¿∞nItfbpw k∂≤ {]h¿ØItcbpw GtIm]n∏n®v hm¿UpXeØn¬ ipNnXz{]h¿Ø-\-߃ Is≠ØpIbpw ka-b-_-‘n-X-amb I¿Ω]cn]mSnIƒ Bkq-{XWw sNøp-I-bpamWv BZy-e-£yw. CtXmsSm∏w {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpsS {]m[m\ysØ°p-dn®pw {]tZ-isØ Hmtcm hy‡nbpw IpSpw-_hpw Cu {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-tI-≠-Xn-s‚bpw Bh-iy-IX Nq≠n-°m-´n-bpap≈ hn]peamb {]NmcWhpw Hmtcm hm¿Unepw kwLSn∏nt°≠-Xp-≠v.

∂Xn\v km[yXbpff ÿe߃, HmSIƒ \∂mbn ]cn]men°mØ CS߃, Ip‰ns®SnIƒ hf¿∂v sImXpIn\v hfcp∂Xn\pff kmlN cy߃, πmÃnIv hens®dnbp∂Xns‚ {]iv\߃, shffw sI´n \n¬°p∂ Sm¶pIƒ, hrØnbn√mØ hoSpw ]cn kchpw Hs° Is≠Øp∂Xn\v \S Øp∂ Iq´mb {iaamWv ipNnXz am∏nwKv sIm≠v Dt±in°p∂Xv . ipNnXz kvIzmUpIƒ CØcw A]I SIcamb {]tZi߃ Is≠Øn dnt∏m¿´v Xømdm°pIbpw ipNn-X-z-Iq´m-bva-bn¬ Cu dnt∏m¿´pIƒ GtIm ]n∏n®v hm¿UpXe ipNnXz dnt∏m¿´v Xømdm°pIbpw Ahsb ]©mb Øv/\Kck`m XeØn¬ t{ImUoI cn°pIbpw sNtø-≠-XmWv. ]©mbØv/\Kck`mXe I¿Ω]cn]mSn Cu dnt∏m¿´ns‚bSnÿm\Øn¬ Gs‰Spt°≠ {]h¿Ø\ßsf BsI Bkq{XWw sNøp∂Xn\pff {]h ¿Øn `c-Wk - a - nXn tbmKØn¬ _‘ s∏´ DtZymKÿscIqSn ]s¶Sp∏n®psIm≠v \n¿∆-ln-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.  tdmUpIƒ, HmSIfpsS hrØnbm °¬.  tXmSv, Ipfw, InW¿ XpSßnbh bpsS hrØnbm°¬.  sh≈s°´v Hgnhm°¬.  amen\ykwkvIcWØn\v ]≤Xn.  Pet{kmXkpIƒ hrØnbm°¬.  Sm¶pIƒ hrØnbm°¬.  sh≈w sI´n\n¬°m≥ km≤yX bp≈ kmlNcyw Hgnhm°¬.  πmÃnIv amen-\yw Hgn-hm-°p--∂Xn\p-ff \S-]-Sn-Iƒ.  Ip‰ns®Snbpw a‰pw am‰¬.  Fen, arK߃ XpSßnbh hgn D≠mImhp∂ tcmKßsf {]Xntcm [n°¬. {]tZisØ hoSpIƒ, ISIƒ, s]mXpÿm]\߃ F∂nhbpsS IrXyamb hnhc߃, {]h¿ØnI

15


]©m-b-Øv cmPv fpsS enÃv , \n¿∆lW GP≥kn IfpsS hnh-cß - ƒ, ]≤Xn^≠v F∂nh tN¿Øv I¿Ω]≤Xn AwKoIcn°mw. t_m[-h¬°-cW {]h¿Ø-\-߃ hm¿UpXe-Øn¬ t_m[-h¬°cW {]h¿Ø-\ß - fpw a‰p {]h¿Ø-\ß-tfm-sSm∏w sIm≠p t]mtI-≠-XmWv. Km¿lnI-Xe - h - pw ÿm]-\X - e - hpw {]tXy-I-ambn I≠p-sIm-≠m-IWw t_m[-h¬°-cW {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ \StØ≠Xv. F√m hoSpIfnte°pw "ss{U tU' ktµiw FØn°p∂ \nebnep ≈ {]NmcW {]h¿Ø\Øn\v {]tXy Iw {i≤ \evtI-≠-Xm-Wv. hoSpw ]cnkchpw amen\yap‡am t°≠Xns‚ BhiyIX Hmtcm ho´pImscbpw t_m[ys∏SpØp∂ Xn\pw AXv AhcpsS DØchmZnXz am°n am‰p∂Xn\pap≈ CSs]SemWv D≠mth≠Xv. ssPh amen-\y-߃ AXmXnS-ß-fn¬Xs∂ Iwt]m-ÃnwKv XpS-ßnb coXn- D]-tbm-Kn®p kwkv °-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw πmÃnIv XpS-ßnb AssPh am-en-\y-߃ Ipd®pw ]p\xNw-{I-aWw km[y-am-°nbpw {]iv\߃ ]cn- l - c n- t °≠ Bh- i y- I X Hmtcm IpSpw_tØbpw t_m≤y-s∏Sp- t Ø- ≠ - X m- W v . CXn\p≈ kmaq lyta¬t\m´hpw kΩ¿±hpw ipNnXz kvIzmUp-I-fp-tSbpw ipNnXz Iq-´m-bvabp-sSbpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-am-Wv. CØcØn-ep≈ kmaqly CS-s]-S-ep-I-fneqsS am{Xta amen\yw s]mXp-ÿ-eß-fn¬ hen-s®-dn-bp∂ tIc-fo-b-cpsS kao-]-Ime amen\y \n¿Ωm¿÷\ at\m-`m-h-Øn¬ am‰w hcp-Øm≥ I-gnbp-I-bp-≈q. Xmsg∏dbp∂ LSIßsf ASn ÿm\am°nbmhWw Km¿lnI Xe Øn¬ t_m[h¬°cW {]h¿Ø\

߃ \StØ≠Xv.  hoSn\v A\p_‘ambp≈ ]pcbn SØn¬ Dt]£n°s∏´ Nnc´, Sn≥, ap´tØmSv, sXm≠v, Sb¿, πmÃnIv IqSv, πmÃnIv I∏v, πmÃnIv jo‰v, DS™ •mkv, Ip∏nIƒ, Ip∏nbp sS AS∏pIƒ F∂nh Dƒs∏sS sh≈w sI´n-\n¬°m≥ km[y-Xbp≈ F√m hkvXp-°fpw tiJcn®v Xcw Xncn®v D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂h D]-tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw A √m-Øh \in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I.  ASp-°f - b - n¬\n∂pw Ipfn-ap-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw HgpInhcp∂ Pew sI´n°n-S° - p∂-ns√∂pw InW-‰n≥I-cb - n ¬ Pew sI´n\n¬°p∂-n-s√∂pw Dd-∏m-°p-I.  sh≈w tImcn-sb-Sp-°mØ InWdp-If - nepw tamt´m¿ ÿm]n-®n-´p≈ InW-dp-I-fnepw sh≈-Øns‚ apI ƒØ´v Nen-°m-ØX - p-sIm≠v sIm XpIv hf-cm≥ CS-bm-Ipw. CØcw InW-dp-Iƒ H∂p-In¬ t¢mdn-t\‰v sNøp-Itbm As√-¶n¬ Ah-bn¬ K∏na’yw hf¿Øp-Itbm thWw. aen-\-Pew am{X-a√ sI´n-°n-S°p ∂ ip≤-P-ehpw sImXpIv s]cpIp-∂-Xn\v Imc-W-am-Ipw.  sNSn®´n, d{^n-Pt - d-‰d - n\v ASn-hiw apX-emb ÿeßfn¬ sImXpIv ap´- b n´v hf- c m≥ CS- b m- ° p∂ kml-N-cy-an-s√∂v Dd-∏m-°p-I.  tIm¨{Io‰v hoSp- I - f n¬ sSdknepw ssIh-cn-°p-≈nepw Pew sI´n-\n¬°m\pX-Ip∂ N∏p-Nh - d - pIƒ Cs√∂pw ag-sh≈w kpK-aambn HgpInt∏mIp-∂p- F∂pw Dd∏m-°p-I.  amen\y߃ Ipan™pIqSm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw Agp°p-sh≈w sI´n-°n-S-°p∂-Xv Hgn-

hm-°p-I-bpw sNøp-I.  sh≈w sI´n\n¬°p∂Xpw sIm

XpIv ap´-bn´v s]cp-Ip--∂Xn-\p≈ kml-Ncyw C√ F∂v Dd-∏p-h-cpØp∂Xn\v BgvN-bn-sem-cn-°¬ Dd-hnS \io-Ic - Ww (ss{UtU) B N-cn-°-Ww. CXv hoSp-I-fn¬ Rmbdm-gvNIfnepw kv°qfp-I-fnepw a‰p ÿm]-\ß - f - nepw Xn¶-fm-gN v I - f - n-ep-am-Imw. Soaw-K-߃ Hmtcm hoSpw kµ¿ in®v Imcy-߃ hniZo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw XpS¿∂v sh≈w sI´n \n¬°m≥ km[y X-bp≈ hkvXp-°fpw ÿe-ßfpw ImWn- ® p- s Im- S p- ° p- I bpw thWw. CXn-eqsS am{Xta {i≤n-°s∏SmsX t]mIp∂ hkvXp-°ƒ Hmtcm ]pc-bnS-Ønepw tcmK-Im-cIcmbn Ds≠∂ Xncn-®-dnhv ho´p-Im-cn¬ D≠m-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib - p-≈q. CØcw Ah-t_m[w krjv S n- ° p- I - b m- b n- c n- ° Ww Krl kµ¿i-\-Øns‚ e£yw. a¨kq¨ Bcw`n°p∂Xn\v apºpw ag°mew Bcw`n®v A©v Znhkw Ignbptºmgpw XpS¿∂v BgvNbnsemcn°epw SoawK ߃ `h\ kµ¿i\w \SØp∂Xv Cu {]h¿Ø\w t\cmb Zni-bn¬ FØn-°p-∂-Xn\v A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. ag-°mew Bcw-`n-®-Xn\v tijw `h\ kµ¿i\w \S-Øp∂--Xn-\mbn Bim h¿t°gvkv, IpSpw-_{io sl ¬Øv thmf‚n-tb-gvkv, bqØv tIm˛Hm¿Un-t\-‰¿, Fkv.kn/Fkv.Sn {]tam ´¿ k∂-≤-kw-L-S\m {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ F∂n-h-cpsS tkh\w {]tbm-P-\-s∏SpØmhp-∂-Xm-Wv. C{]-Imcw `h\ kµ¿i\w \S-tØ≠ Bƒ°msc \n›-bn®v Soap-Iƒ cq]o-Ic - n-°p-Ibpw Hmtcm Soapw kµ¿in-t°≠ hoSp-Iƒ GsXm-s°bm-sW∂v \n›-bn®v \n¿ t±iw \¬Ip-Ibpw thWw. {]mY-an-

Xt±ikzbw`cW ÿm]\߃  ]I¿®hym[n {]Xntcm[ \nb{¥W ]cn]mSnIfpsS Bkq{XWw, \n¿∆lWw, AhtemI\w XpSßnbImcy ßfn¬ t\XrXzw hln°pI.  hm¿UpXew apX¬ kwÿm\Xew hscbpff tcmK \nb{¥W AhtemI\ kanXnIfpsS A[y£≥ AXmXp Xeßfnse P\{]Xn\n[n Bbncn°pw.  Hmtcm {]tZiØns‚bpw kmlNcy߃°pw {]tXyIXIƒ°pw A\ptbmPyamb BtcmKy I¿Ω ]≤XnIƒ Xømdm°n kab_‘nXambn ^≠v e`yam°n \S∏nem°pI.  hm¿UpXeØn¬ Bhiym\pkcWw Bi, k∂≤ {]h¿ØI¿, sXmgnemfnIƒ XpSßnbhsc \ntbmKn®v {]Xntcm[, \nb{¥W {]h¿Ø\Øn\v hgnsbmcp°pI.  s]mXpP\߃°pw hnZym¿∞nIƒ°papff t_m[hXvIcW {]h¿Ø\߃ Imcy£aam°pI.  tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnepd∏v XpS-ßnb ]≤XnIfn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v Fen∏\ns°Xncmb ap≥ IcpX¬ \¬Im-\m-h-iy-amb \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°p-I.  ss{UtU BNcWw hoSpIfn¬ am{Xa√ ÿm]\߃, πmt‚j\pIƒ, \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø\߃ \S°p∂nS߃, s]mXpÿe߃ XpSßnbhbnepw \S°p∂psh∂v Dd∏m°pI.

16

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Im-tcm-Ky-tI{µw saUn-°¬ Hm^ok¿, Xt±ikzbw- ` - c W sk{I´- d n F∂n-h¿ Cu DØ-ch - m-ZnXzw \n¿∆-ln°p-∂-Xn-\mWv \n¿t±-in-®n-´p-≈-Xv. IqSpX¬ BfpIƒ HØptNcp∂ IpSpw_{iobpsS Ab¬°q´w tbmK߃, IpSpw_{iobpsS _mek`m tbmK߃, AwK\hmSnIfnse atZ gvkv IΩn‰n tbmK߃, F≥.kn.kn., kvIuSvkv, F≥.Fkv.Fkv apXem bh, sXmgnepd∏v ]≤Xn {]Imcw {]hrØn \S∏m°p∂ ÿeØv D® `£WØn\p≈ CSthfIƒ XpSßnb thZnIƒ t_m[h¬°cW ktµiw FØn°p∂Xn\mbn D] tbmKn°mhp∂XmWv. ÿm]\Xew k¿°m¿/kzImcy ÿm]\ßfpw AhbpsS ]cnkcßfpw amen\yap‡ amt°≠ ]q¿Æ DØchmZnØw AØcw ÿm]\ßfpsS NpaXe hln°p∂h¿°mWv. ÿm]\Ønepw ]cnkcØpap≈ amen\y߃ A\p tbmPyamb coXn Ahew_n®v kwkv °cn°p∂Xn\p≈ NpaXe AXXv ÿm]\߃°msW∂v ÿm]\ ta [mhnIfpsS Hcp tbmKw Xt±i`cW ÿm]\Øns‚ {]knU‚ns‚/sNb¿ t]gvk¨s‚ A≤y£Xbn¬ hnfn®p tN¿Øv t_m[ys∏SpØmhp-∂X - m-Wv. Km¿lnI XeØn¬ \SØm≥ \n¿t±in ®n´pff F√m {]h¿Ø\ßfpw \S°p ∂ps≠∂v Dd∏mt°≠-Xm-Wv. AXn\v kmaqly{]h¿ØI¿, k∂≤ {]h¿ ØI¿, {KŸime ˛ IemkanXn {]h¿ ØI¿, sXmgnemfn kwLS\IfpsS {]Xn\n[nIƒ F∂nh¿ IqSn Dƒs∏Sp sabv 2011

∂ ipNoIcW tamWn´dnwKv IΩn‰n Iƒ cq]oIcn®v IΩn‰nbwK߃ Bgv Nbnsemcn°¬ ÿm]\ ]cnkcw kµ¿int°≠Xpw {]h¿Ø\߃ AhtemI\w sNbvXv Xt±i`cW ÿm]\Øn\v dnt∏m¿´v \¬Ip∂ coXn bn¬ kwhn[m\w Bhnjv°cn°p Ibpw sNtø≠Xv A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. kzImcy Bip]{XnIƒ AhcpsS ÿm ]\Øn\v ]pdta ]cnkc {]tZißfn¬ IqSn tcmK{]Xntcm[ {]h¿Ø\߃ \SØm≥ t{]cn∏nt°≠XmWv. ta¬{]-Xn-]m-Zn® {]h¿Ø-\ß - sf klm-bn-°p--∂Xn-\mbn eLp-te-JI - ƒ, _m\-dp-Iƒ, ssa°v A\u¨kvsa‚pIƒ, tdmUv tjmIƒ apX-em-b {]h¿ Ø-\߃ IqSn kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-hp∂-Xm-Wv. ]cnioe\w I¿Ω ]cn]mSn Bhnjv°cn°p∂ Xn\pw AhbpsS ^e{]Zamb \SØn ∏n\pw ]cnioe\w klm-b-I-am-Wv. Hmtcm Pn√bn¬ \n∂pw F.-Un.kn (P\d¬) sbIqSmsX BtcmKyhIp∏v , Fkv.F - k - .v F. dntkmgvkv {Kq∏v, IpSpw_{io Pn√m anj≥, Sn.-Fk - .v Pn, Sn.-Fkv.k - n. anj≥ F∂nhcpsS {]Xn-\n-[nDƒs∏Sp∂ 7 t]cpsS Soan\v kwÿm\ XeØn¬ ]cnioe\w \¬Im-hp-∂XmWv. tªm°v ]©mbØv sk{I´dn IqSmsX Hcp tªm°n¬ \n∂pw Btcm KyhIp∏v, Fkv.F - kv.F. dntkmgvkv {Kq ∏v, IpSpw-_{io, Sn.-F-kv.Pn F∂n hcpsS {]Xn-\n-[n- ASßp∂ 5 t]cpsS Soan\v Pn√mXeØn¬ ]cnioe\am-Imw. hm¿UpXeØn¬ \n∂pw 2 t]¿ (km \nt´j≥ kanXn I¨ho\¿/ DtZymK

ÿ{]Xn\n[n, hm¿UpXeØn¬ t\Xr Xzw sImSp°p∂ P\{]Xn\n[n), slUvamÿ, sF.kn.Un.Fkv. kq∏¿ sshk¿, A{KnIƒ®d¬ Hm^ok¿, hn.C.H, _‘s∏´ Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿t]gvk¨, tªm°n\v kao]ap ff ap\nkn∏men‰n/tIm¿∏tdj≥ {]Xn\n[nIsfbpw Dƒs∏-SpØn {]mtZ inI ]cn-io-e-\hpw kwLSn∏nt° ≠XmWv. GtIm-]\hpw tamWn´-dnwKpw ]©m-bØpX-eØ - n¬ {]kn-U‚ v/ sNb¿t]-gvk¨ A≤-y-£\pw saUn°¬ Hm^o- k ¿ tIm˛sNb¿am- \ pambpw ap\nkn- ∏ ¬/tIm¿∏- t d- j ≥ Xe-Øn¬ tab¿/ap\n-kn-∏¬ sNb¿ t]- g v k ¨ A[y- £ \pw Btcm- K yÃm‚nwKv IΩ‰n sNb¿am≥ tIm-˛sNb¿am-\mbpw saUn-°¬ Hm^o-k¿ I¨ho\-dmbpw hnhn[ hIp-∏p-Ifpw k∂≤ {]h¿Ø- I cpw ASßp∂ ipNnXz kan-Xn- GtIm-]\ Npa-Xe \n¿∆-ln-°p∂-Xn\mWv \n¿t±-in-®n-´p≈-Xv. hm¿UpX-e-Øn¬ \S-∏m-°p∂ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ Hmtcm BgvN-bnepw hm¿UpXe ipNn-Xz Btcm-Ky kanXn tbmKw tN¿∂v Ah-tem-I\w sNtø≠-Xm-Wv. Xt±i`cW ÿm]\XeØnepw Ah-tem-I\ kan-Xn-bpsS tbmKw BgvN-bn-sem-cn-°¬ tN¿∂v {]h¿Ø-\-߃ hne-bn-cp-ØWw. ag°m-eØv Krlkµ¿i-\-a-S°w Dd∏p hcp-Øn-s°m≠v ]I¿®-hy- m-[n-Iƒs°Xn-sc-bpw ]S¿∂v ]nSn-°m≥ km[-yXbp-ff {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ sImXpIv hf-cp ∂-Xv XS-bp-∂Xn\pw \S-]-Sn-Iƒ k-zoI-cn-°Ww Pn√m Bkq-{XW kanXn Du¿÷nX {]Xn-tcm[ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ hne-bn-cpØn am¿§\n¿t±-i-߃ ]pds∏-Sp-hn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. ag-°me ipNoI- c W Iymw]- b n- t \m- S - \ p- _ - ‘ n®v hnhn[ hIp∏pXe {]h¿Ø-\߃ Xt±-iÿ m-]\ - X - e - Ø - n¬ GtIm-]n-∏n°p∂Xpw hfsc {][m-\-am-Wv. hnhn[ hIp- ∏ p- I fpw kv ° qƒ hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw k∂≤ {]h¿ØIcpw I¿tΩm-∑p-Jcm-Ip-∂-tXmsS am {Xta Cu Imº-bn≥ hnP-b-{]-Z-am-Iq. CXns‚ t\XrXzw Xt±-i-ÿm-]-\-ßfnse {]mtZ-inI P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-°pI F∂Xv ]ca-{]-[m-\a - m-W.v t]mb-h¿j-ßf - n¬ hf-sc-b[ - nIw hnPb-{]-Z-amb Cu {]h¿Ø-\-coXn Gs‰Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\m-Is´ sabv, Pq¨ amkß-fnse \ΩpsS ap≥KW\. CXn-eq sS ag-°me tcmK-߃ \ap-s°mcp ]g¶-Y-bm-°mw. teJ-I≥ ipNn-X-z-an-j≥ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS-dm-Wv.

17


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

s{]m^. (tUm.) tXmakv amXyp

h

¿jw apgp-h≥ Hmtcmtcm ]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ Gdnbpw Ipd™pw amdn amdn \Ωp-sS \m´n¬ I≠p-hc - m-dp-≠v. kzm`mhn-I-ambpw ag-°m-e-am-Ip-tºmƒ Ch-bn¬ ]eXpw {IamXoX-ambn h¿≤n-°p-hm≥ km[y-Xb - p-ap-≠v. sImXp-Ip-P\ - y-tcmK-ß-fmb sU¶n-∏-\n, Nn°p≥Kp-\n-b, ae-º-\n, \o≠ CSth-fbv°v tijw Be-∏pg Pn√-bn¬ ho≠pw Xe-bp-b¿ Ønb P∏m≥ Pzcw, Pe-P-\y-tcm-K-ß-fmb tImf-d, sl∏ss‰-‰nkv F, ssSt^m-bvUv, Fen-Iƒ, I∂p-Im-en-Iƒ, \m bv, ]∂n XpS-ßnbhbpsS aq{Xw Ie¿∂ Pe-Øn-eqsS ]I-cp∂ Fen-∏-\n, hmbp-P-\y-tcm-K-ß-fmb F®v1F≥1, Nn°≥t]mIvkv XpS-ßn-bh - sb√mw \mw Pm{KX ]ment° ≠ tcmK-ß-fm-Wv. th\¬°m-eØv D≠m-Ip∂ CS-hn-´p≈ ag Pe-P-\y˛ sImXp-Ip-P\ - y-tcm-Kß - ƒ Nne-bn-Sß - f - n¬ s]m´n-∏p-ds - ∏-Sm≥ Imc-W-am-Ip-∂p. ag-°m-eØv i‡-amb \oscmgp-°n¬ sImXp-Ins‚ IqØm-Sn-Iƒ HgpIn t]mIp--∂Xn-\m¬ ]e{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw XmXv°m-en-I-ambn sImXp-Ip-ieyw Ipdbp--∂Xm-Wv. F¶nepw C°m-eØv IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ Peti-Jc - ß - ƒ kyjvSn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂Xp-hgn Aßs\bp≈ {]tZi-ß-fn¬ sImXp-Ip-Iƒ s]cp-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw. B[p-\nI bpK-Ønse Pohn-X-ssi-en-bnse am‰-ßfpw \K-c-h-Xv°-cW, \n¿Ωm-W-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ hgnbpw \oscm-gp-°nepw Ihn™p t]mIm-Ø, sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb Pe-ti-J-c߃ [mcm-f-ambn D≈-Xn-\m¬ sU¶n-∏\n, Nn°p≥Kp-\nb F∂nh ag-°m-eØpw ia-\-an-√msX XpS-cm≥ km[y-X-bp≠v. {]Xn-Iqe kml-N-cy-ßsf AXn-Po-hn-°m≥ DX-Ip∂ coXn-bn¬ sImXp-Ip-I-fpsS A\p-Iqe-\-ß-fn¬ h∂ am‰ßfpw \ΩpsS tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm[ \nb-{¥W am¿§ßƒ°v Xncn-®-Sn-bm-Wv. CXn-s\-√m-ap-]-cn-bmbn BtKm-f-Xm-]\w aqew ]cn-ÿn-Xn-bn¬ D≠mb am‰-ßfpw tcmKm-Wp-°-fpsSbpw tcmK-hm-ln-I-fp-sSbpw AXn-Po-h-\-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ klm-bI - c - a - m-bXv s]mXp-hn¬ tcmK-\n-c°v h¿≤n-°p-hm≥ t{]c-Ia - mbn. ]I¿®-hym[n {]Xn-tcm[ \nb-{¥W {]h¿Ø\-߃°v Btcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏n\pw Xt±-i-kzbw-`-c-W-h-Ip∏n\pw Hcpt]mse sh√p-hn-fn-bmWv ta¬kq-Nn-∏n® {]iv\߃.

18

2010¬ Btcm-Ky˛ IpSpw-_-t£-a-h-Ip-∏ns‚ B`n-ap-JyØn¬ hnhn[ hIp-∏p-I-fpsS klm-b-k-l-I-c-W-ß-tfmsS k¿°m¿ \S-∏n-em-°nb t^m¿ πkv Xo{h-b-⁄-Øn\v Xy]vXn-I-c-amb coXn-bn¬ ]I¿®-hym-[n-Isf \nb-{¥n-°m\mbn F- ∂ Xn¬ kwi- b - a n- √ . tcmK- \ n¿Æ- b - Ø nepw dnt∏m¿´nwKnepw Imcy-£a - X IqSn-bX - n-\m¬ sU¶n-∏\ - n-bpsS FÆ-Øn¬ h¿≤-\hv D≠m-sb-¶nepw Nn°p≥Kp-\nb, Fen∏-\n, hb-dn-f-°-tcm-K-߃, tImf-d, sl∏-‰n-‰nkv F, ssS t^mbvUv XpS-ßn-bh ap≥h¿jsØ At]-£n®v Ipd-hmbn-cp-∂p.Xncp-h-\¥-]p-cØpw Imk¿tImSpw D≠m-Im-dp≈ Xt±-iob ae-º\ - nbpw \√ coXn-bn¬ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\m-bn. 2011se BZy-am-k-ß-fnepw Imcy-amb Hu´vt{_°p-Iƒ H∂pw D≠m- b n- √ . F∂m¬ CubnsS Be- ∏ p- g - b n¬ P∏m≥Pzcw s]m´n-∏p-d-s∏-´Xv \ΩpsS {ia-߃ IqSp-X¬ Du¿÷n-X-ambpw ÿmbn-bmbpw XpS-tc-≠-Xns‚ Bh-iyI-X-bn-te°v hnc¬ Nq≠p∂-p. 2010se t^m¿ πkv Xo{hb-⁄Ø - nse {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ hnhn-[- h-Ip-∏p-Isf GtIm]n∏n®v IqSp-X¬ i‡-ambn \S-∏n-em-°m≥ \mta-hcpw HsØm-cp-an-°Ww t^m¿ πkv Xo{h-b⁄w 2010 F∂ t]cn ¬ Hcp ssI∏p-kvXIw Btcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏n-\p-th≠n kwÿm\-tcm-K-\n-b-{¥W Ah-tem-I-\-sk¬ Xøm-dm°n F√m Btcm-Ky-tI-{µ-ß-fnepw Xt±-i-kzbw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßfnepw Ign™ h¿jw hnX-cWw sNbvXn-cp∂-p. AXnse am¿§-\n¿t±i-߃ Dƒs°m≠v ÿmbn-bmb tcmK-{]-Xnsabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv tcm[w k^-e-am-°m≥ P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-tSbpw Xt±-i-kzbw-`c - W hIp-∏n-s‚bpw t\XrXzhpw kl-Ic - W - hpw AXy¥m-t]-£n-X-am-sW∂v ]d-tb-≠Xn√t√m. {XnXe ]©m-b-Øp-I-fpsS t\Xy-Xz-Øn¬ ASn-b-¥-cambn sNtø≠ Imcy-߃ GsXm-s°-sb∂v t\m°mw. ]I¿®-hym-[n- {]-Xn-tcm-[-\n-b-{¥-W -{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS Bkq-{X-Ww, \n¿∆-lWw Ah-tem-I\w F∂n-hbv°v G‰hpw ap≥KW\ \¬Ip- I - b mWv ]c- a - { ]- [ m- \ w. hm¿UpXew apX¬ kwÿm-\-Xew hsc tcmK-\n-b-{¥W Ah-tem-I-\-k-an-Xn-Iƒ tbmKw tN¿∂v C°m-cy-߃ Dd∏p-h-cp-tØ-≠-Xm-Wv. GsX-¶nepw ÿeØv CØcw kanXn-Iƒ (Pn-√, tªm°v, {Kma-]-©m-b-Øp-Iƒ Dƒs∏-sS) cq]-h-XvI-cn-®n-´n-√msb¶n¬ F{Xbpw thKw cq]o-I-cn®v, tbmKw tN¿∂v {]h¿Ø\w XpS-tß-≠-Xm-Wv. Cu kanXn-bpsS A[y-£≥ AXm-Xp-Xe - ß - f - nse P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nbpw I¨ho-\¿ AtX-X-e-Ønse Btcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏nse DtZymK-ÿ\pw Bbn-cn-°pw. hm¿UpX-eØ - n¬ hm¿UpXe BtcmKy-ip-Nn-Xz-k-anXn F∂mWv Cu kan-Xn-bpsS t]cv. aq∂pam-k-Øn¬ Hcn-°tem amk-Øn¬ Hcn-°tem ASn-b-¥-ckm-l-N-cy-ß-fn¬ BgvN-tXm-dptam Znh-tk-\tbm CØcw kan-Xn-Iƒ tbmKw tNcm-hp--∂Xm-Wv. Hmtcm Pn√-bnepw Hcp Pn√-bn¬ Xs∂ hyXykvX ]©m-bØv/\K-c-k-`-I-fnepw Htc ]©m-b-Ønse hnhn[ hm¿Up-I-fnepw D≠m-Im-hp∂ tcmK-ßfpw AXn-\p≈ kml-N-cy-ßfpw as‰m∂-n¬ \n∂v hn`n--∂am-tb-°mw. AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ Hcp {]tZ-isØ {]Xn-tcm[ {]h¿Ø-\߃ AtX∏Sn as‰m-cn-SØv sNøm-\m-In-√. Hmtcm {]tZi-Øn-s‚bpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw {]iv\-ßfpw hni-I-e\w sNbvXv B {]tZ-i-Øn\v tbmPn® coXn-bn¬ ]cn-l-cn-°m\p≈ {]mtbm-KnI ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-

∏n-em-°p-I-bmWv Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS as‰mcp {][m\ [¿Ωw. XpS°w {Kma-k`- I - f - n¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ D≠m-I-Ww. Btcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏ns‚ kmt¶-XnI D]-tZ-itØmsS thWw ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Bhn-jv°c - n®v \S-∏n-em-°m≥. icn-bmb amen\y \n¿Ωm¿÷-\w, tdmUv ipNo-I-c-Ww, sImXp-Ip-\n-b-{¥-Ww, Fen \io-I-c-Ww, ip≤-amb IpSnsh≈ hnX-cWw XpS-ßn-bh - b - v°p≈ ]≤-Xn-If - mWv th≠Xv. CXn\v Bh-iy-amb ^≠v hI-bn-cp-tØ-≠X - m-Wv. \mjW¬ dqd¬ sl¬Øv anj≥ hm¿Up-Xe Btcm-Ky-ip-NnXz {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ°v Hmtcm hm¿Un\pw \¬Ip∂ ^≠v ^e{]-Z-ambn hn\n-tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw thWw. {Kma-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ Btcm-Ky-h-Ip∏v ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKy {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v Bh-iy-amb DtZymK-ÿ¿ Ds≠-¶nepw \K-c-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ Xosc-°p-d-hm-Wv. Hmtcm ho´nepw ÿm]-\-Øn-ep-sams° ipNo-I-cWw XpSßnb {]Xn-tcm-[-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ Ah-c-h¿ Xs∂ sNtø≠-Xm-sW-¶nepw Nne kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ sXmgn-em-fn-I-sfs°mt≠m k-∂≤-tk-hI - sctbm hn\n-tbm-Kn-t°≠n hcpw. AXn-\m¬ Bh-iy-amb am\-h-tijn, {]tXy-In®pw \K-c{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw tcmKw s]m´n-∏p-d-s∏-Sm≥ km[y-X-bp-≈nS-Øp-sams° {]Zm\w sNøm\pw {i≤ th≠-Xm-Wv. am{Xa√ {]mY-anI Btcm-Ky-tI-{µ-ßf - n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ DtZymK-ÿsc a‰v CXc tPmen-Iƒ G¬∏n-°p-∂Xv tcmK-{]-Xntcm[w XInSw adn-°p-sa∂--Xn-\m¬ Hgn-hm-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. (CØ-c-Øn¬ Hcp k¿°p-e¿ 2010¬ No^v sk{I-´dn \¬In-bXv {i≤n-°p-I). tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm-[˛\nb-{¥W Imcy-߃°v Bh-iy-amb km[\ kma-{Kn-Iƒ kw`-cn-°m\pw hnX-cWw sNøm\pw {i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. Btcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏n¬ \n∂v e`yX ]cntim-[n®v AXn\pw ]pdta th≠{X kw`-cn-°m≥ \S-]-SnIƒ ap≥°q´n kzoI-cn-°-Ww. hml-\-߃, ]cn-k-c-ip-NoI-cW kma-{Kn-Iƒ, ªo®nwKv ]uU¿, IoS-\m-in-\n-Iƒ, Fen-hn-jw, IoS-\m-in-\n-Iƒ {]tbm-Kn-°p-hm-\p≈ D]-I-cW-߃ XpS-ßn-bh Bh-iym-\p-k-cWw hmß-Ww. s]mXp- P - \ - ß - f psS ioe- ß fpw s]cp- a m- ‰ - ß fpw BtcmKy kpÿnXn Dd-∏m-°p∂ coXn-bn¬ B°p--∂Xn\v th≠ t_m[-hX - vIc - Ww \S-Øp-hm≥ {]tXyIw {i≤n-t°≠-Xm-Wv. s]mXp-P-\-ß-tfbpw k∂-≤-{]-h¿Ø-I-tcbpw Btcm-Ky-{]-h¿Ø-I-tcbpw kmaq-ln-I, cmjv{Sob kmapZm-bnI {]h¿Ø-I-tcbpw Bh-iy-amb t_m[-h-Xv°-cWw \SØn {]Xn-tcm-[-I¿Ω[mc-bn¬ sIm≠p-h-cm-\p≈ ]≤Xn-Ifpw D≠m-IW - w. CXn-\p-th≠ in¬]-im-eI - fpw tbmKßfpw Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw kwL-Sn-∏n-°-Ww. ]{X, Zyiy, {ihy am[y-a-ß-fn-eqsS h≥{]-N-c-Whpw \S-Ø-Ww. Bhiy-amb eLp-te-J-Iƒ, t]mÃ-dp-Iƒ, am¿§-tc-J-Iƒ XpSßn-bh A®-Sn®v hnX-cWw sNø-Ww. CX-c-h-Ip-∏p-I-fmb kmaq-ln-I-t£-aw, hnZym-`ym-kw, Pe-hn-`-hw, \K-c-Im-cyw, ^nj-do-kv, sXmgn¬, sdbn¬th, s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv, Iyjn, ayK-kw-c-£Ww XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏p-h-cpØp- I bpw thWw. hnZym- ` ym- k - h - I p∏v hgn kv I qƒ, tImsfPv hnZym¿∞n-If - psS t_m[-hX - vIc - W - Ø - n\pw ]¶mfn-Ø-Øn\pw IqSp-X¬ Du∂¬ \¬I-Ww. \nb-{¥-W-Øn\p-]c - n {- ]-Xn-tcm[ Imcy-ßf - n¬ {i≤n-°p∂ Hcp Xe-ap-dsb hm¿sØ-Sp-°m≥ CXp-sIm-≠p-am-{Xta km[n-°q. Pq¨˛ Pqembv amk-߃ ae-º-\n, sU¶n-∏-\n, Nn°p≥Kp-\nb hncp≤ amk-ß-fmbn BN-cn®v iIvXamb {]N-c-Whpw {]h¿Ø-\hpw ImgvN-h-bvt°-≠-Xm-Wv. teJ-I≥ tZio-b-{Km-aoW Btcm-Ky-an-j≥ (tI-c-f) Fkv.-Un.-kn.-Fw.kn bpsS t\mU¬ B^o-k-dm-Wv.

sabv 2011

19


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

A

dn-bp-I, ]d-bp-I, {]h¿Øn°p I, ]¶m-fn-If - m-IpI F∂o \mep {]h¿ Ø\ a{¥-ß-fmWv Du¿÷nX ]I¿ ®-hym[n {]Xn-tcm[ \nb-{¥Wb⁄ sØ apt∂m´p \bn-°p--∂Xv. Adn-bpI  kwÿm\w A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p∂ {][m\s∏´ \mev ]I¿®-hym-[n-IfmWv sU¶n-∏\n, Fen-∏-\n, aeº-\n, Nn°p≥Kp-\nb F∂n-h. C Xn¬ G‰hpw A[nIw t]¿ ac-Wa-S-bp∂Xv Fen-∏-\n-aq-e-am-Wv.  sU¶n- ∏ - \ n- ° pw Nn°p≥Kp- \ nbbv°pw ImcWw CuUnkv sIm Xp-IpI-fmWv. Ch \ΩpsS ho´n epw ]cn-k-c-ß-fnepw ÿm]-\-ßfnepw Xßn\n¬°p∂ ip≤-P-e Øn¬ ap´-bn´p s]cp-Ip∂-p.  ae-º-\n°v Imc-Wamb At\ms^-enkv sImXp-Ip-Iƒ ip≤-P-eØnem-Wv ap´bn-Sp--∂Xv.  Fen, \mb, ]∂n, I∂p-Imen XpSßn-b-h-bpsS aq{X-w I-e¿∂ P-eØn¬ \n∂mWv Fen-∏-\n-bpsS tcmKmWp ico-c-Øn-te°v {]thin-°p--∂Xv. bYm-ka - bw NnIn-’n®m¬ Fen-∏-\nbpw ae-º-\nbpw ]q¿Æ-ambpw t`Z-am-°mw. sshIn bm¬ ac-WI - m-cW - a - m-tb-°mw.  tcmK-e£ - W - ß - ƒ°-\p-kc - n-®p≈

20

NnIn-’bpw ]cn-Nc - W - hpw sIm≠v sU¶n-∏-\nbpw Nn°p≥Kp-\n-bbpw ]q¿Æ-ambpw t`Z-am-°mw.  ]\n GXm-bmepw kzbw NnIn’ Acp-Xv, hnZKv[ NnIn’ kzoI-cn°pI Xs∂thWw. ]d-bpI  Fen∏\n-s°-Xn-sc-bp-ff ap≥I-cpX¬ NnIn’ Btcm-Ky-tI-{µ-ßfn¬ kuP-\yambn e`y-am-Wv. A Xn-\m¬ HmS-Iƒ, hb-ep-Iƒ tXmSpIƒ XpS-ßnb sh≈-s°´p-I-fn¬ tPmen-sb-Sp-°p∂h¿ ap≥I-cp-X¬ NnIn’ FSp-°p-Ibpw ssIbpd, Imepd F∂n-h- [-cn®v tPmen-°n-dßp-Ibpw sNøp-I.  CS-hn´p-≈Xpw hnd-b-temSpIqSn-bXp- a mb ]\n ae- º - \ n- b m- I m≥ km[y-Xb - p-≠.v CØcw ]\n-h∂-m¬ c‡-]c - n-tim-[\ \S-Øn tcmKw aeº-\n-b√ F∂v Dd∏p-h-cp-ØWw.  A\y-kw-ÿm-\ß - f - n¬ t]mbn- Xncn®p hcp-tºmƒ ]\n-bp-s≠-¶n¬ C°m-cy-Øn¬ {]tXyI {i≤-thWw.  ]I¿®-∏\n _m[n-®m¬ hnZ-Kv≤Nn-In-’t- bm-sSm∏w ]q¿Æ-hn-{i-aw FSp- ° pIbpw [mcmfw sh≈w IpSn-°p-Ibpw thWw.  sU¶n-∏-\n, Nn°p≥Kp-\n-b, aeº\n tcmKw _m[n-®-h¿ ho´n-embmepw Bip- ] - { Xn- b nembmepw ]\n-am-dp--∂Xp-hsc sImXp-Ip-h-ebv°p-≈n¬ hn{i-an-°-Ww. {]h¿Øn-°pI (s]m-Xp-P-\-߃)  {^nUvPn\v ASn-bnepw sNSn-®´ - n-°Sn-bnepw hbv°p∂ ]m{X-߃, ^vfh¿th-kv, Fb¿I-≠o-j-W¿, Fb¿Iq-f¿ Ch-bv°p-≈n¬ kw`cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Pew BgvN-bn¬ Hcn°¬ \o°w sNø-Ww.  Pew kw`-cn®pshbv°p∂ ]m{X-

ßfpw Sm¶p-Ifpw sImXpIp IS°m-Øc - o-Xnbn¬ AS®p kq£n-°Ww. Ch-bnse Pew BgvN-bn¬ Hcn-°¬ \o°w sNbvXv, Dƒhiw Dc®v IgpIn hrØn-bm°n ho≠pw Pew \nd®v D]-tbm-Kn-°Ww.  sSd-k,v k¨tj-U,v dq^v K´¿ XpSßn-b-h-bnse XS- -߃ F√mw am‰n agsh≈w sI´n\n¬°m-Xncn°m≥ {i≤n-°p-I.  Bgv-N-bn¬ Hcn-°¬ hoSn\v apIfnepw Np‰p-]mSpw \nco-£n®v Pew sI´n\n¬°p∂ Dd-hn-S-߃ Ian gvØnhbv°p-I.  d∫¿ tXm´Ønse Nnc´- I ƒ Sm∏nwKv \n¿Øn hbv°p-tºmƒ IangvØn hbv°p-I.  AS-bv°m-a-c-tØm´-ß-fnse ]mfIƒ Ian-gvØn-bn-Sp-I-tbm, apdn®p If- b p- I tbm IØn- ° p- I tbm sNøp-I.  ]pcbv°v aosX hen®p sI´n-btXm Ae-£y-ambn C´n-cn-°p-∂tXm B b Sm¿t]mfn≥/t]mfn-Øo≥ jo‰pI-fn¬ sh≈w sI´msX {i≤n°pI.  D]-tbmKiq\y-amb Sb-dp-Iƒ agsh≈w sI´n \n¬°msX kq£n°-Ww.  sh≈-s°´p-I-fn¬ ap≥I-cp-X¬ C√msX Cdßn tPmen sNø-cpXv.  amen-\y-߃ Dd-hn-S-Øn¬ Xs∂ Xcw-Xn-cn®v kwkv°-cn-°p-I.  hoSpw ÿm]-\-ßfpw ]cn-k-chpw s]mXp-ÿ-e-ßfpw hrØn-bmbpw Fen, sImXpIv XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS Dd-hn-S-߃ C√mØ coXn-bnepw kwc-£n-°p-I. {]h¿Øn-°pI (B-tcmKy {]h¿Ø-I¿)  hoSp-If - n¬ sN∂v IrXy-ambn ]\n \nco-£-W-hpw sImXpIp \nco-£sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥ .B¿ Whpw \S-Øp-I.

 Krl-kµ - ¿i-\Øn\pw {]Xn-tcm-[-

 ]\n _m[n-Xsc Ipdn-®p≈ {]Xn 



  









Zn\ dnt∏m¿´v Ab-bv°pI sF.-Un.-F-kv.-]n. dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ BgvN-tXmdpw Ab-bv°-Ww. BgvN-tXmdpw CuUnkv k¿t∆ \SØn tcmK- k m- [ yX IqSnb {]tZ-i-߃ I≠p]nSn-°p-I. sImXpIp k¿t∆-bp-tSbpw ]\nbp-tSbpw dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ BgvNbn sem- c n- ° ¬ Ahtem- I \w sNbvXp {]Xntcm[ ˛ \nb-{¥W \S-]S- n-Iƒ Du¿÷n-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øp-I. hoSp-If - nepw ÿm]-\ß - f - nepw DdhnS \io-I-cWw Dd-∏m-°p-I. Irjn hIp-∏p-ambn tN¿∂v Fen \io-I-cWw Dd-∏m-°p-I. ae-º\n dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX ho´nepw AXn\p kao-]a - p≈ hoSp-I-fnepw Xma-kn-°p--∂h-cpsS c‡-]c - n-tim[\ \S-Øp-Ibpw hoSn-\p-≈n¬ IoS\m-in\n Xfn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I. \ΩpsS {]tZ-isØ hoSp-Iƒ, ÿm]- \ - ß ƒ, Np‰p- ] m- S p- I ƒ F∂n-hn-Sß - f - n¬ tcmKw hcm-\p≈ kml-Nc - y-sØ-°p-dn®v hnh-cß - ƒ tiJ-cn-°-Ww. Hmtcm Xe-Ønepw D≈ tcmK-\nb- { ¥W Ah- t em- I \ kan- X nIfpw C‚¿skIvsSm-d¬ tIm¿Unt\-j≥ IΩn-‰nbpw amkØnsemcn°epw AXymhiy kml-Nc - y-ßfnepw tbmKw tNc-Ww. hm¿UpXe-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn-°phm≥ kvIzmUp-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬ I-Ww. hm¿UpXe kvIzmUnse AwK-߃°pw BtcmKy hIp∏v DtZym-K-ÿ¿°pw Bh-iyamb ]cn-io-e\w \¬Ip-I. CXc hIp-∏nse DtZym-K-ÿ¿, P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ, Bi, IpSpw-_{io, A¶-WhmSn {]h¿Ø-I¿,

sabv 2011

F≥.-B¿.-C.Pn sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ, IS-bp-Sa - ÿ - ¿, A\y kwÿm-\ß - fn¬ \n∂p≈ sXmgn- e m- f n- I ƒ, tXm´w sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh¿°v Bhiy-amb t_m[-h-XvIcW ]cn-io-e\w \¬Ip-I. ]¶m-fn-I-fm-IpI ]I¿®- h ym[n {]Xn- t cm- [ ˛\nb{¥W b⁄w Hcp Iq´mb bXv\-amWv. hnhn[ k¿°m¿ hIp-∏p-Ifpw kwL- S - \ - I fpw s]mXp- P - \ - ß fpw CXn¬ ]c-kv]cw ]¶m-fn-I-fm-Wv.  tcmK {]Xn-tcm[ ˛ \nb-{¥W ]cn]m-Sn-I-fpsS Bkq-{X-Ww, \n¿∆lWw, Ahtem-I\w XpS-ßnb Imcy-ß-fn¬ Xt±i kzbw`cW ÿm]-\ß - f - psS ]¶mfnØw A\nhm-cyw.  tcmK {]Xn-tcm-[, t_m[-h¬°cW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ A[ym-]I¿°pw hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw hnZym`ymk ÿm]-\-߃°pw henb ]¶v \n¿∆-ln-°m-\mhpw.  Iwt]mÃnwKv, aÆnc Iwt]m-ÃnwKv, _tbmKymkv πm‚p-Iƒ XpSßnb amen\y kwkvI-cW am¿§ßƒ \S-∏n¬ hcp-Øm\pw Fen \io- I - c - W - Ø n\pw IrjnhIp∏ns‚ ]¶m-fnØw AXy¥m-t]£n-Xa - m-Wv.

{]-h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ°p-ap≈ {]h¿ØIsc \¬I¬, s]mXp-P-\-t_m[h¬°-cWw F∂o-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ kmaq-ly-£-aw, Xt±-ikzbw`cWw, Btcm-Kyw F∂o hIp-∏pIƒ°v Imc-y-amb ]¶v.  ]I¿®- h ym[n {]Xn- t cm- [ - ˛ - \ n- b {¥W ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°v kmt¶-XnI D]-tZ-iß - ƒ \¬Inbpw imkv{Xob ]T-\-߃ \S-Ønbpw saUn-°¬ hnZym-`ym-k-h-Ip∏pw Cu b⁄Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-Ip-∂p. Fen-∏-\n°v Imc-W-am-Ip∂ PohnI-sf-∏‰n ]T\w \S-Ønbpw arK-ßfn¬ \n∂pw tcmKw- ]-I-cm≥ km[yX-bp-≈-h¿°v {]Xn-tcm[ hmIvkn-t\j≥ \¬Inbpw a‰pw arK-kw-c-£-Wh-Ip∏v Cu b⁄-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fmIp∂-p. \K-c-{]-tZ-iØv th≠ tcmK-{]-Xntcm[ \nb-{¥-W-Im-cy-߃ \S-∏n-em°m≥ tIm¿∏-td-j≥, ap\n-kn-∏m-en‰n F∂n-h-bpsS Xe-Øn¬ ]¶m-fnØw D≠m-h-Ww. Hmtcm- ÿ m- ] - \ - Ø nepw Cu®, sImXpIv F∂n-h s - ]-cp-Im-\p≈ kmlN-cy-߃ C√ F∂v Dd-∏m-°p∂--XneqsS hnhn[ ÿm]\-߃ CXn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-Ip∂-p. t_m[- h ¬°- c - W , tcmK- { ]- X n -tcm-[, ipNo-I-cW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ hnhn[ kwLS-\-I-fpsS ]¶m-fnØw Hgn-®p-Ip-Sm-\m-h-mØ-Xm-Wv. hoSpw ]cn-k-chpw hrØn-bmbn kq£n®pw tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm[ \S-]-SnIƒ kzbw kzoI-cn®pw bYm-k-abw NnIn-’-sb-SpØpw s]mXp-P-\-ßfpw Cu b⁄-Øn-¬ ]¶m-fn-If - m-IW - w. teJ-I≥ tZio-b -{Km-aoW Btcm-Ky-an-j≥ (tI-c-f) Fkv.-Un.-kn.-Fw.kn.bn¬ I¨kƒ-´‚mWv.

21


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tUm. \µ-Ip-am-c≥ .]n sX°p ]Sn-™m-d≥ Ime-h¿jw tIcf Xoc-sØ-Øm≥ C\n Znh-k-߃ am{Xta _m°n-bp-≈q. \ΩpsS Pe-kw-`-cW {]b-Xv\-߃ Bcw-`n-°m≥ C\nbpw H´pw sshIn-°q-Sm. Pe-kp-`n-£hpw Pekpc-£n-X-hp-amb Hcp tIc-f-am-hs´ \ΩpsS "ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w \mSv '!

22

"ssZ

h-Øns‚ kz¥w \msS'∂v temIw ]d-bp∂ \ΩpsS sIm®ptIcf-Øn¬ ip≤-P-e-Zu¿e`yw Hcp {]iv\-ambn Adn-b-s∏-Sm≥ XpS-ßn-bn´v A[n-I I - m-ea - m-bn-´n-√. h¿≤n-®p-hc - p∂ P\-kw-Jybpw X∑q-ea - p-≠m-Ip∂ h¿≤n® Ptem]-tbm-Khpw CXn-s\mcp {][m\ Imc-W-ambn ]d-bm-sa-¶nepw \ΩpsS Pe-]-cn]m-e-\-Øns‚ t]mcm-bva-Iƒ CXn\v henb Hc-fhphsc Imc-W-am-hp-∂p-sh∂ hkvXpX hnkva-cn-°m-hp-∂-X-√. temI-Øn¬Øs∂ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ ag e`n°p∂ {]tZ-iß - f - n-sem-∂m-bn-cp-∂n-´pw, Ht´sd \Zn-If - mepw XSm-Iß - f - mepw A\p{Klo-X-am-bn´pw C∂p \mw Pe-Zu¿e`yw t\cn-Sp-∂p-sh-∂Xv Hcp hntcm-[m-`mk-ambntØm∂mw. tIc-f-Ønse Pe-hn-`-h-]-cn-]m-e-\-Øns‚ {]iv\-ßfpw ChbpsS ]cn-lm-c-Øn\v ag-sh≈ kw`-c-W-Øn-eqsS \ap°p sNøm-hp∂ Imcyßfp-amWv Cu teJ\Øn¬ {]Xn-]mZn°p-∂-Xv. tIc-f-Øns‚ Pe-k-ºØv `qan-bnse a‰p ]e ÿe-ß-fn-tebpw t]mse ag-bmWv tIc-f-Øn-t‚bpw {]mY-anI Pe-t{km-X- v. `mc-X-Øn¬ sX°p-]-Sn-™m-d≥ Ime-h¿j-Ønepw hS-°p-In-g-°≥ Ime-h¿j-Ønepw ag -e-`n-°p∂ Npcp°w Nne kwÿm-\-ßfn-sem-∂mWv tIc-fw. tIc-f-Øn¬ Hcp h¿j-Øn¬ e`n-°p∂ icm-icn ag GXm≠v 3000 an.ao BWv. CXn¬ GI-tZiw 2250 apX¬ 2500 an.ao ag \ap

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

°p e`n-°p-∂Xv Pq¨ apX¬ BK kvXv hsc \o≠p \n¬°p∂ sX°p ]Sn- ™ m- d ≥ Ime- h ¿j (C- S - h - ∏ mXn)Ønem-Wv. HIvtSm-_¿-˛-\-hw-_¿ amk-ß-fn¬ hS-°p-In-g-°≥ Imeh¿jw (Xp-em-h¿jw) GXm≠v 450-˛ 500 an.ao ag \¬Ip-∂p. Ign™ 50 h¿jsØ IW-°-\p-k-cn®v Hmtcm amk-Ønepw tIc-f-Øn¬ e`n-°p∂ icm-icn ag-bpsS Afhv ]´n-Ibn¬ sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. CXn¬ \n∂pw \ap°p a\- n-emhp-∂Xv h¿j-Øn¬ GXm≠v 8 amktØmfw icm-icn 100 an.-ao-‰-dn¬ IqSpX¬ ag \ap-°p e`n-°p-∂p-s≠-∂m-Wv. tIc-f-Øns‚ hS-°≥ Pn√-I-fn¬ e`n°p∂ ag-bpsS Afhv sX°≥ Pn√I-fn¬ e`n-°p-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ Xmc-X-

tay\ IqSp-X-em-Wv. AXp-t]m-se-X s∂ ae-\m-´n¬ \n∂pw Xoc-tZ-i-tØ °p t]mhp-tºmƒ ag-bpsS Afhv {I taW Ipd-™p-hc - p-∂X - mbn°mWp-∂p. D]-cn-X-e-P-e-k-ºØn (surface water resources)s‚ Imcy-Ønepw tIcfw kº-∂-am-sW∂p tXm∂mw. ]Sn-™mtdm-s´m-gp-Ip∂ 41 \Zn-Ifpw Ing-t°ms´m-gp-Ip∂ 3 \Zn-Ifpw IW-°n-se-SpØm¬ \ΩpsS h¿jw tXmdp-ap≈ D]- c n- X e Pe- k - º Øv GI- t Ziw 78,000 Zi-e£w L\-ao-‰-tdmfw hcpw. ]t£ \ΩpsS \Zn-I-fpsS Ipd™ \of-hpw tIc-fØ - ns‚ `q{]-Ir-Xn-bpsS {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw aqew Cu Pe-k-ºØns‚ GXm≠v 70 iX-am-\-tØmfw s]s´∂p Xs∂ HgpIn kap-{Z-Øn¬ sN∂p tNcp-∂p-sh-∂Xv Hcp hkvXpX- b m- W v . \ap°v h¿jw tXmdpw {]IrXn I\n™p \¬Ip∂ Aaq-eyamb Pe-k-º-Øns‚ henb `mKw D]-tbmK iq\y-am-bn-t∏m-hp∂psh∂ ¿∞w. tIc-fØ - nse `qPe e`yX GXm≠v 6850 Zi-e£w L\-ao-‰¿ BsW∂v IW- ° m- ° - s ∏- ´ n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. 2004se IW-°-\p-k-cn®v CXns‚ 47 iX-am\-tØmfw \Ωƒ hnhn[ Bh-iy-߃ °mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. `qP-eØ - ns‚ e`y-Xb - nepw D]-t`m-KØ - nepw hyXn-bmamkw P\p-hcn s^{_p-hcn am¿®v G{]n¬ sabv Pq¨ Pqsse BKÃv sk]v‰w-_¿ HIvtSm-_¿ \hw-_¿ Unkw-_¿

sabv 2011

ag(-an.-ao) 14.6 16.6 36.1 110.9 252.6 653.2 687.2 404.7 252.3 270.7 158.6 45.9

\-߃ hnhn[ Pn√-I-fn¬ Zriy-am-Wv. Imk¿tKm-Uv, ]me-°mSv Pn√-Iƒ C°m-cy-Øn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn-em-sW-¶n¬ CSp-°n, hb-\mSv Pn√-If - n-emWv `qPe hn\n-tbmKw G‰hpw Ipd-hv. tIc-f-Ønse Pe-]-cn-]m-e\ {]iv\-߃ t\csØ kqNn- ∏ n- ® - X p- t ]mse Ign™ Ipd- ® p- h ¿j- ß - f mbn PeZu¿e-`y-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]iv\߃ tIc-f-Øn¬ A\p-`-h-s∏-Sm≥ XpS-ßn-bn-´v. C¥y-bnse Pe-Zu¿e-`yap≈ a‰p ]e kwÿm- \ - ß - f psS {]iv\-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw hyXy-kvXamWv Chn- S sØ ÿnXn- s b∂p ]d- b mw. Cß-s\-bp≈ an°-hmdpw kwÿm-\ß- f n¬ ag- b psS Ipd- h v , Pe- k - º Øns‚ AXy-[n-I-amb D]-tbmKw F∂n-hb - mWv Zu¿e-`y-Øns‚ {][m\ tlXp. tIc-fØ - n-em-sW-¶n¬ \ap°p e`y-amb Pe-k-º-Øns‚ icn-bmb ]cn-]m-e\ - Ø - ns‚ A`m-ha - mWv G‰hpw {][m\amb {]iv \ w. ag- ° m- e Øv \ap°v A[n-I-ambn e`n-°p∂ Pew kw`-cn®p shbv°m≥ Ign-bm-ØX - mWv th\¬°m-esØ Pe-Zu¿e-`y-Øn\p {][m\ Imc-W-am-hp-∂-sX∂v hni-Ie-\-߃ sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. tIc-fØ - nse Pe-e` - y-Xb - psS {]iv \-ßsf {]Ir-Xym-ep-≈h (Natural)sb ∂pw a\p-jy-P\y(Anthropogenic)sa ∂pw c≠mbn XcwXncn-°mw. henb tXmXn¬ Pe-kw-`-c-W-Øn\pw `qP-e]-cn-t]m-jW - Ø - n\pw A\p-Iq-ea - √ - mØ `q{]-Ir-Xn, `qK¿`-Ønse I´n-∏md (Hard Rock) IfpsS B[nIyw F∂nh BZysØ hn`m- K - Ø n¬s∏Sp- ∂ p. Btcm-Ky-Øn\p lm\n-I-c-amb ^vfq ssd-Uv, Ccpºv XpS-ßnb `qP\y (geogenic) cmk-aq-e-I-ß-fpsS B[n-Iyhpw Cu hn`m-K-Øn¬s∏-Sp-Ømw. A\n-b{¥n- X - a mb P\- k wJym h¿≤- \ - h v , h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ \K-c-h¬°-cWw (urbanization), h\-\-io-I-c-Ww, InW-dp-I-

23


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

fp-tSbpw ]c-º-cm-KX Pe-kw-`-c-Wn-Ifp-tSbpw Ah-K-W-\bpw Zpcp-]-tbm-Khpw `qP-e-Øns‚ Aan-X-amb D]-tbmKw, \Zn-I-fnse aW¬hm-c¬, ipNnXz-°p-dhp aqe-ap≈ Pe-ae - n-\o-Ic - W - w, hf-ß-fp-sSbpw IoS-\m-in-\n-I-fp-sS bpw Aan-X-amb D]-tbmKw F∂nh a\p-jy-P-\y-amb ]e Imc-W-ß-fn¬ Nne-Xm-Wv. BtKm-f-Xm-]-\hpw Imemhÿm hyXn-bm-\hpw `mhn-bn¬ hcpØn-tb-°m-hp∂ {]iv\-ß-sf-°p-dn®p≈ {]h-N\ - ß - ƒ tIc-fØ - ns‚ PeZu¿e- ` y- s Ø- ° p- d n- ® p≈ Bi- ¶ Iƒ°v B°w Iq´p-∂-h-bm-Wv. AanX-amb Pe-Nq-j-Whpw Aim-kv{Xo-bamb Pe-]-cn-]m-e-\hpw CXp-t]mse XpS-cp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ tIc-fØ - nse PeZu¿e`yw kao- ] - ` m- h n- b n¬Øs∂ IqSp-X¬ cq£-am-hp-sa-∂Xv X¿°-a‰ hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. Pe-kw-c-£-W-Øns‚ {]m[m\yw tIc-f-Ønse Pe-e-`y-X-bp-sSbpw hn\n-tbm-K-Øn-s‚bpw IW-°p-I-fn¬ \n∂pw hy‡-am-hp∂ Hcp hkvXpX ag-°m-esØ Pe-Øns‚ A[nI e`yXbpw th\¬°m-esØ Pe-Zu¿e-`yhp-am-Wv. h¿j-Im-eØv \ap°v Bhiy-tØ-°mƒ 57%tØmfw Pew e`yam-hp-tºmƒ th\¬°m-eØv CXv 53% tØmfw Ipd-hm-Wv. ag-°m-eØv e`n°p∂ Pe-k-º-Øns‚ \s√m-cp-`mKw kw`- c n- ® p- s h- b v ° m≥ \ap°p Ign™m¬ Cu Zu¿e`yw Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc-sb-¶nepw ]cn-l-cn°m≥ Ign-bp-sa∂mWv CXn¬ \n∂pw sXfn-bp-∂-Xv. \ΩpsS IpSn- s h- ≈ - Ø n- t ‚bpw

24

Km¿ln-Im-h-iy-߃°p≈ Pe-Ønt‚bpw Hcp \√-]¶v e`n-°p-∂Xv `qK¿ `-P-e-Øn¬ \n∂m-Wv. tIc-f-Øns‚ `qcn-`mKw Pn√-I-fnepw ag-°m-eØv InW- d p- I ƒ \nd- b p- ∂ p- s ≠- ¶ nepw th\¬°m- e - Ø ns‚ Bcw- ` - Ø n¬ Øs∂ ]e-bn-SØpw Ch h‰n-t∏m-Ip∂-Xmbn ImWp-∂p. ]pd-tØ°v H-gpIn ]mgmbnt∏mhp∂ ag-sh≈w `qan-°-Snbn-te°v Du¿∂n-d-ßm-\p≈ kwhn-[m\-߃ sIm≠v CXv Hcp henb Afhp-hsc XS-bm-sa∂v imkv{Xob ]co£-W-߃ sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. CXns‚ KpW-hi - ß - ƒ {][m-\a - mbpw c≠m-Wv. H∂m-a-Xmbn \mw ]mgm-°n-°-f-bp∂ ag-sh≈w sIm≠p-≠m-Ip∂ sh≈s∏m-°w, aÆn-Sn-®n¬, KXm-K-X-X-S w XpS- ß nb {]iv \ - ß ƒ Ipd- b p- ∂ p. c≠m-a-Xmbn `qan-°-Sn-bn¬ kw`-cn-°s∏-Sp∂ Pew th\¬°m-eØv InWdp-I-fn-eq-sSbpw Ipg¬°n-W-dp-I-fn-eqsSbpw \ap°v e`y-am-hp-∂p. AXy[nIw P\-km-{µ-X-bpw ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I{]-iv\-ß-fp-≠m-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-I-tfmSv hf-sc-b-[nIw FXn¿∏p-ap≈ tIc-fØn¬ hfsc henb Pe-kw-`c - W - n-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°-s∏-Sm-\p≈ km≤yX Xp temw hnc-f-am-Wv. Cu kml-N-cy-Øn ¬ `qP-e] - c - n-t]m-jW - Ø - n\v `mhn-bn¬ tIc-fØ - ns‚ Pe-kp-c£ Dd-∏m-°p-∂Xn¬ hen- s bmcp ]¶p- h - l n- ° m≥ Ignbpw. Pe-kw-`-cWw ˛ Fßs\? h¿j-Øn¬ GXm≠v F´p-am-ktØmfw ag e`n-®n´pw th\-en¬ PeZu¿e`yw A\p- ` - h - s ∏- S p∂ tIc- f -

Øn¬ ag- s h≈ kw`- c - W - Ø ns‚ {]m[m-\yhpw Bh-iy-I-Xbpw \Ωƒ I≠p. t\ctØ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®X - p-t]mse Pe-kw-`-cWw t\cn-´p≈ D]-tbm-KØnt\m `qP- e - t ]m- j - W - Ø nt\m th≠n-bm-hmw. `q{]-Ir-Xn, e`y-amb `qP-e-Øns‚ Afhpw KpW-ta-∑-bpw, Pe-Øns‚ D]-tbm-K-coXn (water use pattern), e`n-°p∂ ag-bpsS Afhpw ka-bhpw F∂nh Pe-kw-`-c-W-Øn\v A\p-tbm-Py-amb coXn \n¿Æ-bn-°p∂ {][m-\-L-S-I-ß-fm-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v, D]-tbm-Ky-a-√mØ aen-\-Pew ]e InW-dp-I-fnepw e`n°p∂ \K-c-{]-tZi-ß-fn¬ sNdnb tXmXn-ep≈ `qP-et]m-jWw Imcy-amb KpWw sNøm\n-S-bn-√. AØcw {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ agsh-≈Ø - ns‚ kw`-cW - h - pw t\cn-´p≈ D]-tbm-K-hp-amWv A`n-Im-ayw. AtX kabw `qP-e-Øns‚ A[n-I-amb D]tbmKw sIm≠v Pe-\n-c∏v Xmgv∂psIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ {]tZ-iß - f - n¬ `qK¿`P-e-t]m-jWw hf-sc-b-[nIw KpW-{]Z-am-bn-cn-°pw. Pe-kw-`-c-W-Øns‚ hnhn-[-co-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn®v {lkz-ambn Xmsg {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ta¬°q-c-I-fn¬ \n∂p≈ ag-sh≈ kw`-cWw (Roof-top Rainwater Harvesting)

tIc-f-Ønse GXm-s≠√m {]tZi-߃°pw A\p-tbm-Py-amb Pe-kw`-c-W-co-Xn-bm-Wv. Nnehp Ipd-™-Xpw B¿°pw sNøm-hp-∂-Xpw ÿe-Zu¿ e-`y-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-If - n-√m-ØX - p-amb Cu am¿§w {Kma-߃°pw \K-c-{]-tZi-߃°pw Hcp-t]mse A\p-tbm-Pyam-Wv. CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ Pe-kw-`-c-WØns‚ hnhn-[c - o-Xn-Iƒ ]e k¿°m¿ hn`m-K-ß-fp-tSbpw {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-ßfn¬ e`y-am-W.v Ch {]mh¿Øn-Ia - m-°m\p≈ kmt¶- X nI \n¿t±- i - ß ƒ \¬Im≥ tI{µob `qP-e-t_m¿Uv, tIcf `qP-e-h-Ip∏v XpS-ßn-b-h-bnse hnZ-Kv≤¿ kZm- k-∂-≤-cp-amWv. ta¬°q-c-I-fn¬ \n∂pw kw`-cn-°s∏-Sp∂ Pew t\cn-´p≈ D]-tbm-KØnt\m `qPe t]mj-W-Ønt\m D]tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. hnhn[ BIrXnbpw kw`-c-W-ti-jn-bp-ap≈ kw`-cW- S m- ¶ p- I ƒ tIc- f - Ø nse F√m {][m\ \K-cß - f - nepw C∂p e`y-am-Wv. `qan-°S- n-bn¬ s^tdm kna‚p Sm¶p-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂Xv Xmc-X-tay\ Nnehp Ipd™ Hcp coXn-bm-Wv. CØ-cØ - n¬ Sm¶p- I ƒ \n¿Ωn- ° p- t ºmƒ ]mbens‚ hf¿® XS-bp-∂-Xn\v Pe-Øn¬ kqcy-{]-Imiw t\cn´p ]Xn°mXn-cn°m≥ {i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. CØ-c-Ønep≈ kw`-c-W-co-Xn-I-fn¬ ag-bv°papºv ta¬°q-c-Iƒ hrØn-bm-°m\pw sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv BZysØ Ht∂m ct≠m ag- b n¬ \n∂pw e`n-°p∂ Pew ]pd-tØ-s°mgp-°m\pw {i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. Sm¶p-I-fn¬ kw`-cn-°m-hp-∂-Xn-epa-[nIw Pe-e-`y-X-bp-≈-t∏mgpw kw`c-W-Øn\v A\p-tbm-Py-amb kwhn-[m\-ß-fpsS A`m-h-Ønepw ta¬°q-c-Ifn¬ \n∂p≈ ag-sh≈w ASp-Øp≈ InW-dp-Iƒ, Ipg¬°n-Wd - p-Iƒ, t]mjW-In-S-ßp-Iƒ F∂nh hgnbpw `qan°-Sn-bn¬ tiJ-cn-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. CXn\p≈ \nc-h[n am¿§-߃ C∂v e`yam-Wv. ta¬°q-c-I-fn¬ \n∂pw tiJ-cn®v D]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp∂ Pew \ap°p e`n°p∂ ag-bpsS Hcp sNdnb `mKw am{Xam-Wv. CXnepw F{Xtbm A[nIw agsh≈w Xpd- mb {]tZ- i - ß - f n¬ ]Xn®v Hgp-In-t∏m-hp-∂Xv ag-°m-eØv Hcp km[m-cW ImgvN-bm-Wv. Cßs\ HgpIn \jv S - a m- h p∂ Pew kw`cn°m\pw `qP-e-t]m-j-W-Øn-\mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°m\papX-Ip∂ \nc-h[n am¿§-ß-fp-≠v. ag-°p-gn-Iƒ, XS-b-WIƒ, Du¿∂n-d߬ Ipf-߃ (Percolation tank), `qPe AW- s °- ´ p- I ƒ F∂nh Ch-bn¬ NneXp am{X-am-Wv. CXn- \ p- ] p- d ta Irjn- b n- S - ß - f n¬ _lp-\ne Irjn, tIm≠q¿ Irjn, Bh-c-W-hn-f-Iƒ, ]pXbn-S¬, ssPhth-en-Iƒ, X´p-Xn-cn-°¬, Iøm-e-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b hnhn[ am¿§-߃ Pe-kw-c£-WØ - n-\p- XIp∂hbm-Wv. ta¬∏-d™ Pe-kw-`c - W - a - m¿K-ßfpsS ^e-{]m]vXn Ah F{X-b-[nIw CS- ß - f n¬ Ah- e w- _ n- ° - s ∏- S p∂p F∂-Xns\ B{i-bn-®n-cn°p-∂p. Pekw- ` - c - W - { ]- b - X v \ - ß - f psS IqsSØs∂ Pe-hn-\n-tbm-Khpw h¿≤n-®ph-cp-∂p-sh∂ hkvXpX IW-°n-se-Sp°p-tºm-gmWv F{Xbpw IqSp-X¬ P\߃ CXp sNtø-≠-Xm-sW-∂-Xns‚ {]m[m\yw h¿≤n-°p-∂-Xv. Xt±ikzbw-`-c-W -ÿm-]-\-ß-fpsS ]¶v tIc-fØ - nse kpk-÷a - mb kzbw`-c-W-kw-hn-[m\w temI-{i≤ ]nSn-®p]-‰n-bn-´p-≈X - m-Wv. tIc-fØ - nse h¿≤n-

®p-h-cp∂ Pe-Zu¿e`yw XS-bp-∂-Xn\v Cu ÿm]-\-߃ ap∂n-´n-d-tß≠ ka-b-am-Wn-Xv. Xt±-ik - zbw `c-Wÿ - m-]\ - ß - ƒ°v Pe-kw-`-c-W-Øn\pw AXns‚ imkv {Xo-b-amb ]cn-]m-e-\-Ønepw hensbmcp ]¶p hln°m≥ Ign-bpw. Xmsg∏-d-bp∂ {]hr-Øn-Iƒ Pe-kw-`-cW {]b-Xv\ß - f - psS B°w Iq´p-∂X - n\pw Ah-bpsS ^e-{]m-]vXn°pw klm-bI-am-hp-∂h - b - m-Wv. 1) {Kma-ß-fnse Ipf-ßfpw a‰p ]cº-cm-KX Pe-kw-`c - W - n-Ifpw hrØnbm-°p-Ibpw Ah-bpsS Bgw Iq´pIbpw sNøp-I. 2) ta¬∏-d™ Pe-kw-`-c-Wn-I-fpsS _≠p-If - psS Dd-∏p-Iq-´p-Ibpw Ahbn- t e°v ag- s h- ≈ - s a- Ø n- ° p∂ Nmep- I ƒ hrØn- b m- ° p- I bpw sNøp-I. 3) D]-tbm-K-iq-\y-amb InW-dp-Iƒ hrØn-bm-°p-Ibpw Ahsb ag-sh≈-kw-`-c-Wn-I-fm-°m-\p≈ kwhn[m- \ - ß ƒ G¿s∏- S p- Ø p- I bpw sNøp-I. 4) {Kma-ß-fnse Pe-kw-`-c-Wn-I-fpsS hrjvSn-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnse (Catchment area) aen-\o-Ic - Ww XS-bm-\p≈ \S]-Sn-I-sf-Sp-°p-I. 5) ta¬°q-c-I-fn¬ \n∂p-ap≈ Pekw-`-c-Whpw `qP-e-t]m-j-Whpw t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°pI. 6) ag-°p-gn-Iƒ, Iøm-eI - ƒ XpS-ßnb Pe-kw-`-c-W-am¿§-߃ [mcm-fambn \n¿Ωn-°p-hm≥ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-I. ta¬∏-d-™h Pe-kw-`-c-W-Øn\p≈ GXm\pw Nne am¿§-߃ am{Xam-Wv. CXn\p ]pdta Hmtcm {]tZ-iØns‚ `q{]-Ir-Xn°v A\p-tbm-Py-amb Pe-kw-`-c-W-co-Xn-Iƒ t{]m’m-ln-∏n°m≥ Cu ÿm]-\-߃°p \n wibw Ign-bpw. \ap°p e`n-°p∂ agbpsS Hmtcm Xp≈nbpw AXp hogp∂n-S-Øp-Xs∂ kw`-cn-°p-Itbm `qPe-t]m-j-W-Øn\p]tbm-Kn-°p-Itbm sNøp-I-sb-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°Ww \ΩpsS e£yw. CXn-t\m-S-\p-_-‘n® {]h¿

Ø-\ß - ƒ {KmaoW sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤Xn-bpsS `mK-ambn \S-∏m-°m-hp-∂-XmWv. F√m Pe-kw-`-cW {]b-Xv\-ß-fpsSbpw ^e-{]m-]vXn°v D]-t`m-‡m-°fpsS ]¶m- f nØw IqSntb Xocq. kºq¿W- k m--£ - c sc∂v A`n- a m- \ n°p∂ \mw "Pe-km-£c - X'bpsS ImcyØn¬ C\nbpw {i≤ sNep-tØ-≠Xp-≠v. Pe-Øns‚ aqey-sØ-°p-dn®pw AXns‚ kw`-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw kwc£-W-Øn-s‚bpw Bh-iy-I-X-sb-°pdn®pw Hmtcm ]uc\pw t_m[-hm-\mbm¬ am{Xta "Pe- k p- c £'sb∂ k¶¬]w km£m-X° v c - n-°m≥ \ap°p km[n-°q. km[m-cW P\-߃°n-Sbn¬ [mcmfw kzm[o-\-ap≈ kzbw-`c- W - ÿ m- ] - \ - ß ƒ°v Cu t_m[h¬°-c-W-Øn¬ \n¿Æm-bI ]¶p hln-°m≥ Ign-bpw. sX°p ]Sn-™m-d≥ Ime-h¿jw tIcf Xoc-sØ-Øm≥ C\n Znh-k߃ am{Xta _m°n-bp-≈q. \ΩpsS Pe-kw-`-cW {]b-Xv\-߃ Bcw-`n°m≥ C\nbpw H´pw sshIn-°q-Sm. Pe-kp-`n-£hpw Pekpc-£n-Xh - p-amb Hcp tIc-f -am-hs´ \ΩpsS "ssZhØns‚ kz¥w \mSv'! te-JI - ≥ tI{µ `qPe t_m¿Uv (tI-c-f) doPn-b-W¬ Ub-d-IvS-dmWv

sabv 2011

25


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tIcf ]©m-b F≥. kpcmPv

kw

ÿm-\sØ {Kma ]©m-bØp-Iƒ°v am{Xw _m[-I-am-bn-´p≈ sI´nS \n¿ΩmW N´- ß ƒ Pn.H (Fw.Fkv) 41/2011/Xkz-`h \º-cmbn k¿°m¿ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°p-Ibpw 2011 s^{_p- h cn 14- ˛ - m w XobXn apX¬ {]m_-ey-Øn¬ hcn-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn°p∂p. AXn\v apºv kwÿm-\sØ {Kma ]©m-b-Øp-I-fn¬ sI´nS \n¿ Ωm-W-߃°v 1999se tIcf ap\n-kn∏¬ _n¬UnwKv dqƒkv Bbn-cp∂p _m[Iw. {KmaoW taJ-e-bn¬ Bkq{Xn-X-amb hnI-k\w km[y-am-hpI F∂Xpw s]mXp-P-\-߃°pw Xma-k°m¿°pw kpc£ Dd∏p hcpØpI F∂-Xp-amWv Cu N´-߃ {]mh¿ØnI-am-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS e£y-am-°p-∂Xv. {Kma-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ \S-°p∂ A\n-b{¥n-Xhpw Bkq-{XWcln-X-hp-amb \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS _mlp eyw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-bnepw ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-ß-fnepw A\n-hmcy tkh-\ß-fpsS e`y-X-bnepw krjvSn-®p-s°m≠n-cn-°p∂ ISpØ BLm-X-߃°v Hcp ]cn-[n-h-sc-sb-¶nepw ]cn-lm-ca - p≠m-°p-hm≥ Cu N´-߃ Imcy-£a - X-tbmsS \S-∏m-°p-∂X - n-eqsS km[n °pw. ÿe-]c - a - mb Bkq-{X-W-sØ°mƒ s]mXp-P-\-ß-fpsS kuI-cyØn\pw kpc-£b - v°p-amWv N´-ßf - n¬ Du∂¬ \¬In-bn-´p-≈Xv. km[m-c-W°m¿°v hmk-Kr-l-߃ \n¿Ωn-°ptºmƒ t\cn-tS-≠n-h-cp-∂-Xmbn ]d-bs∏-Sp∂ _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-°p-

26

∂-Xn\pw ]pXnb N´-ß-fn¬ hy‡amb hyh-ÿI - f - p≠v. 152 hIp-∏p-Ifpw Ah-bpsS D]-h-Ip-∏p-I-fp-ambn ]c-∂pIn-S-°p∂ Cu N´-߃ Ah ]men°m≥ _m[y-ÿ-cmb s]mXp-P-\-ß ƒ°pw Ah \S- ∏ m- ° m≥ Npa- X - e bp≈ DtZym-K-ÿ¿°pw Bh-iym-[njvTn-Xa - mbn a\- n-em-°p-∂X - n\v klmb-I-c-am-hpI F∂-XmWv Cu Ipdn-∏psIm≠v Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv. {][m\ khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ N´-ß-fpsS {][m\ khn-ti-j-Xbmbn FSpØp ]d-bm-hp-∂Xv sNdnb hmk-Krl \n¿Ωm-W-hp-ambn _‘s∏´p \evIn-bn-´p≈ Cf-hp-If - mWv. N´ßƒ \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xns‚ Bh-iy-Øn\mbn kwÿm-\sØ 978 {Kma-]-©mb-Øp-Isf c≠v Im‰-K-dn-bmbn Xcw Xncn-®n-cn-°p∂p. 179 {Kma ]©m-bØ - pIƒ Im‰-Kdn Iepw tijn-°p-∂h Im‰Kdn IIepw Dƒs∏Spw. Hmtcm Im‰-K-dnbnepw Dƒs∏-Sp∂ {Kma-]-©m-b-ØpI- f psS ]´nI 26.2.2011¬ PnH(Fw Fkv)64/2011/Xkz-`h \º¿ DØ-c-hneqsS k¿°m¿ hn⁄m-]\w sNbv Xn-´p≠v. \K-c-h¬°-cW km[y-XbpsS {]m[m\yw, \K-cm-kq-{XW \S]-Sn-If - psS Bh-iy-IX XpS-ßnb am\Z- fi - ß ƒ ASn- ÿ m- \ - a m- ° n- b mWv - m-bØ - pIm‰-Kdn I¬ s]Sp∂ {Kma-]© Iƒ GsX∂v \n›-bn-®n-´p-≈Xv. Im‰Kdn II¬ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ 799 {Kma ]©mb-Øp-If - n¬ \S-Øp∂ sI´nS \n¿ΩmW- ß - f n¬ Nne \n_- ‘ - \ Iƒ°v sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Øv sI´nS\n¿ΩmW N´-߃ 2011

˛ Hsc-Øn-t\m´w

hnt[-b-ambn hn]p-e-amb Cf-hp-Iƒ \evIp-∂X - n\v N´w 10(XIII) 10(XIV) F∂nh-bn¬ hyhÿ sNbvXn-cn-°p∂p. C Xp {]Imcw Hcp IpSpw-_-Øn\v Xmakn- ° p- ∂ - X n\v th≠n- b p≈ F√m hmk-Krl \n¿Ωm-W-߃°pw N´ßƒ {]Im-c-ap≈ sI´n-S-\n¿ΩmW s]¿an‰v Bh-iy-an√. am{X-a√ Xmsg ]d-bp∂ hn`m-KØ - n¬s]-Sp∂ a‰v \n¿ Ωm- W- ß - s fbpw sI´nS \n¿ΩmW s]¿an- ‰ n¬ \n∂pw Hgn- h m- ° n- b n- c n°p∂p. 300 N.ao‰¿ hsc hnkvXo¿Æap-≈Xpw c≠p \ne-I-fn¬ IqSm-sXbpap≈ F√m hmkKrl-߃°pw AXv Hcp IpSpw-_-Ønt\m H∂n¬ IqSp-X¬ IpSpw-_-߃°v th≠ntbm D≈-Xm-bmepw s]¿an‰v Bh-iy-an√. C{]- I m- c - a p≈ A∏m¿´v s a‚p- I ƒ, ^vfm‰p-Iƒ F∂n-hbpw CXn¬ Dƒs∏Sp-∂-XmWv. CXn\p ]pdta 150 N.ao hsc hnkv Xo¿Æhpw c≠v \ne-If - n¬ IqSm-sX-bp-ap≈ temUvPp-Iƒ, skan\m-cn-Iƒ, tIm¨sh‚p-Iƒ, A\m-Yme-b-߃, SqdnÃv tlmap-Iƒ, SqdnÃv dntkm¿´p-Iƒ, tlmì, tlm´¬, A¶-Whm-Sn-Iƒ, tU sIb¿ sk‚¿, Ip´n- I - f psS \gv k dn, hmb- \ - i me, {KŸ-ime, hnZym-`ymk Bh-iy-Øn\p≈ sI´n- S - ß ƒ F∂n- h bv ° pw s]¿an‰v Bh-iy-an√. 150 N.ao hsc hnkvXo ¿Æhpw c≠p \ne-I-fn¬ IqSm- s X- b pap≈ ]oSnI apdn- I ƒ, tjm∏p-Iƒ, _m¶v, ¢n\nIv, et_m-d´dn, ssSe¿ tjm∏v, hoUn-tbm-tjm∏v, _yq´n ]m¿e¿, _m¿_¿ tjm∏v, dÃmd‚ v, Hm^okv sI´n-S-߃, tKmUuWp-Iƒ F∂n-h-tbbpw s]¿an-‰n¬ \n∂pw Hgn-hm-°n-bn-´p≠v. 150 N.ao hsc hnkvXo¿Æ-ap≈ ]uƒ{Sn^mw, sXmgpØv, ]c-º-cm-KX Ib¿ \n¿Ωm Ww, ssIØdn bqWn‰v, Iip-h≠n bqWn‰v F∂n-hbpw Hgn-hm-°n-bh - b - n¬ sabv 2011

Dƒs∏Spw. ta¬ ]d-™-Xn¬ hnkvXo ¿Æw Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv {]kvXpX tπm´n¬ \ne-hn-ep-≈Xpw ]pXp-Xmbn \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-Xp-amb sI´n-S-ß-fpsS F√m \ne-I-fnepw IqSn-bp≈ BsI hnkvXo¿Æ-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n-embn-cn°pw. F∂n-cp-∂mepw km[m-c-W°m-cpsS Bh-iy-߃°v th≠n-h-cp∂-Xmb `qcn-]£w sI´n-S-ß-tfbpw Hgn-hm-°n-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂Xv Gsd Bizm- k - Z m- b - I - a mWv . C{]- I mcw s]¿an‰v th≠-Xn¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm-°s - ∏´-Xmb GsXmcp \n¿Ωm-Whpw Bcw`n-°p-∂-Xn\v 10 Znhkw apºv \n¿Ωn°m-\p-t±-in-°p∂ sI´n-S-Øns‚ Xcw, hnkvXo¿Æw, D]-tbmKw XpS-ßnb hni-Zh - n-hc - ß - ƒ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v N´- Ø n¬ A]‚ nIv k v F2 Bbn tN¿Øn-´p≈ \n›nX t^md-Øn¬ Hcp At]£ Xøm-dm°n {Kma-]-©mbØp sk{I-´-dn°v \evtI-≠XmWv AXp e`n-®m¬ 10 Znh-k-Øn-\p-≈n¬ Fs¥-¶nepw XS- h - m-Zß - f - p-s≠-¶n¬ AXv sk{I-´dn At]-£-Is\ Adnbn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. (N´w 133).

N´-ß-fpsS {][m\ khn-ti-j-Xbmbn FSpØp ]d- b m- h p- ∂ Xv sNdnb hmk-Krl \n¿Ωm-W-hpambn _‘-s∏´p \evIn-bn-´p≈ Cfhp-I-fmWv. N´-߃ \S-∏m-°p-∂Xns‚ Bh-iy-Øn-\mbn kwÿm\sØ 978 {Kma-]© - m-bØ - p-Isf c≠v Im‰-Kd- n-bmbn Xcw Xncn-®n-cn°p∂p. 179 {Kma ]©m-b-ØpIƒ Im‰-Kdn Iepw tijn-°p-∂h Im‰-Kdn IIepw Dƒs∏Spw.

C°m-cy-Øn¬ {i≤n-t°-≠Xpw Gsd {][m-\-s∏-´-Xp-amb Nne hyhÿ-Iƒ IqSn ChnsS Hm¿Ωn-t°-≠Xp≠v. ta¬ hnh-cn-®-Xmb sI´n-S-ßfpsS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v {Kma-]© - m-bØv sk{I-´-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw sI´nS \n¿ ΩmW s]¿an‰v hmtß- ≠ - X n√ F¶nepw \n¿ΩmWw kw_-‘n®v N´Ønse Nne {][m\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ ]men-°msX {]kvXpX \n¿ΩmWw \S-Øp-∂Xv {Ia-hn-cp-≤-am-sW∂pw AXv Dd∏p hcp- t Ø≠ Npa- X e ÿew DS-a-bv°p-s≠∂pw N´-Øn¬ \n¿t±-in-®n-´p≠v. AXv {]Imcw N´w 26 se hyh-ÿ-Iƒ ]men-®n-cn-°Ww. tZiob ]mX-Iƒ, kwÿm-\-]m-X Iƒ, Pn√m tdmUp-Iƒ, ]©m-bØv hn⁄m-]\w sNbvXn-´p≈ a‰p tdmUpIƒ F∂n- h - b psS AXn¿Ønbpw \n¿Ωm-Whpw XΩn¬ Ipd-™Xv 3 ao‰¿ AIew D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. ap‰ßƒ°v Ipd-™Xp 90 sk‚o-ao-‰¿ Ipd-bmØ hoXn-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. F∂m¬ ap‰-Øns‚ AXncv s]mXp-hgn-bs - √-¶n¬ AXv 60 sk.ao. Bbmepw aXn- b mhpw. am{X- a √ as‰m- c m- f psS hkvXp-hmWv AXn-sc-¶n¬ {]kvXpX ÿe-Øns‚ DS-a-bpsS tcJm-aq-eap≈ kΩ-X-ap-s≠-¶n¬ AXn-cn¬ tN¿Øpw sI´nSw ]Wn- b m- h p- ∂ XmWv. C{]-Imcw ]Wn-bp-tºmƒ ap‰w 90 sk.ao‰- d n¬ Ipd- h m- s W- ¶ n¬ P\tem hmXntem B hiØv D≠mh-cpXv. thW-sa-¶n¬ 2.20 ao‰¿ Db-cØn¬ sh‚n-te-‰¿ BIm-hp-∂-XmWv. AXn¿Øn°v shfn-bn-te°v bmsXm∂pw Xs∂ X≈n \nev°m\pw ]mSn√. {]Xntcm[ hIp∏p ÿm]-\-߃, sdbn ¬th AXn¿Øn, skIyp-cn‰n tkm¨ apX-em-b-h-tbmSv tN¿∂p≈ \n¿ΩmW-Øn\v \nb-am-\p-kc - Ww _‘-s∏´ A[n-Im-cn-I-fn¬ \n∂v kΩX]{Xw

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv hmßp-Ibpw thWw. [N´w 133(3)]. Ch IqSmsX Ih-tdPv, ^vtfm¿ Gcnb tdtjym, ]m¿°nwKv ÿew F∂n-h-bnepw Im‰-Kdn II¬ s]´ {Kma]-©m-b-Øp-I-ƒ°v Cfhp \evIn-bn´p≠v(N´w 35). tijn-°p∂ F√m \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø-\-߃°pw Im‰Kdn t`Z-an-√msX F√m {Kma]©m-bØp-Iƒ°pw GIo-IrX \n_-‘-\-IfmWv N´- Ø n¬ Dƒs∏- S p- Ø n- b n- ´ p≈Xv. C\n N´-Øns\ s]mXp-hmbn kao]n°mw. ChnsS {i≤n-t°≠ Imcyw C\n hnh-cn-°p∂ F√m Imcy-ßfpw - m-bØ - pIm‰-Kdn I¬ Dƒs∏´ {Kma-]© Iƒ°v _m[-I-am-bn-cn°pw F∂pw ta¬ hnh-cn® Imcy-߃ Hgn-sI-bp≈ F√m \n¿Ωm-W-߃°pw Im‰-Kdn II ¬s∏´ {Kma- ] - © m- b - Ø p- I ƒ°v _m[-I-am-bn-cn°pw F∂p-amWv. N´ßƒ \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn¬ apJy ]¶p hln-°p-∂Xv {][m-\a - mbpw \mev hn`mK-amWv. \n¿Ωm-Xmhv AYhm At]£- I ≥, At]£ kzoI- c n- ° m\pw N´w \S- ∏ m- ° m\pw _m[y- X - b p≈ {Kma-]© - m-bØv sk{I-´dn, \n¿Ωm-Xmhn-\m-h-iy-amb kmt¶-XnI klmbw \evIp∂ cPn-tÿUv B¿°n-sSIv‰v, {Kma-]-©m-bØv F∂n-h-bmWv apJy hn`m-K-߃. CXn¬ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cptSbpw Npa-X-e-Ifpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xzßfpw N´-{]-Imcw Fs¥m-s°-bmWv F∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS N´Øns‚ k¶o¿Æ-X-bn-te°v efn-Xamb Hcp FØn-t\m´w \S-Øp-∂-Xn\v {ian°mw. \n¿Ωm-Xmhv AYhm At]-£I - ≥ 1. kz¥w DS- a - ÿ - X - b n- e p≈ Hcp hkvXp-hn¬ Im¿jn-Im-hi - y-Øn-\pth-≠n-b-√m-sXbpw IpSpw-_mw-K߃°n-S-bn¬ hn`-Pn®p \evIp∂ Bh-iy-Øn\p th≠n-b-√m-sXbpw `uXn-Ia - mb am‰w hcp-Øp-∂X - n\pw XÆo¿Ø-Stam hbtem \nI-Øp∂-Xn\pw hkvXp-hn-\p-≈n¬ \S-∏mXtbm \nctØm \n¿Ωn- ° p- ∂ Xn\pw AXns\ k_vUn-hn-j≥ sNøp- ∂ - X n\pw Ifn- ÿ - e tam ]m¿t°m Bbn am‰p- ∂ - X n\pw apºmbn {Kma-]-©m-bØv sk{I-´dn-bn¬ \n∂pw Hcp Uh-e-]vsa‚ v s]¿an‰v hmßn-bn-cn-t°-≠-XmWv. [N´w 2 Fkn, N´w 4(1)] 2. kz¥w DS-aÿ - X - b - n-ep≈ ÿeØv Hcp sI´nSw \n¿Ωn- ° p- I tbm ]p\¿ \n¿Ωn-°p-Itbm, Iq´n-t®¿ °p-Itbm, am‰w hcp-Øp-Itbm sNøp-∂-Xn\v apºmbn {Kma-]-©mbØv sk{I-´-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw Hcp

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ÿe-]-c-amb Bkq-{X-W-sØ°mƒ s]mXp-P-\-ß-fpsS kuI-cy-Øn\pw kpc-£-bv°pamWv N´-ß-fn¬ Du∂¬ \¬In-bn-´p-≈Xv. km[m-c-W°m¿°v hmk-Kr-l-߃ \n¿Ωn-°p-tºmƒ t\cn-tS-≠nh-cp-∂-Xmbn ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂Xn\pw ]pXnb N´-ß-fn¬ hy‡-amb hyh-ÿ-I-fp≠v.

3.

4.

5. 6.

7.

_n¬UnwKv s]¿an‰v hmßn-bn-cnt°-≠-XmWv [N.4(2)] \ne-hn-ep≈ Hcp sI´n-SØ - ns‚ D]tbmKw N´w 34¬ hnh-cn-®n-´p≈ Hcp D]- t bmK {Kq∏n¬ \n∂pw as‰mcp D]-tbmK {Kq∏n-te°v am‰p∂-Xn\v apºmbn {Kma-]-©m-bØp sk{I-´d - n-bn¬ \n∂pw _n¬UnwKv s]¿an‰v hmßn-bn-cn-t°-≠-XmWv. [N.4(3)]. Xs‚ `qan-bn¬ Hcp aXn¬ \n¿Ωn°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ {]kvXpX aXn¬ Hcp tdmUnt\m kzImcy \ncØnt\m H∂n¬Iq-Sp-X¬ hkvXp°-fn-te°v t]mIp-∂-Xn-\p≈ hgntbmtSm A`n-ap-Ja - m-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh¶n¬ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v {Kma-]-©mbØv sk{I- ´ - d n- b n¬ \n∂pw s]¿an‰v hmtß-≠-XmWv. (N.87) InW¿ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v ap≥Iq¿ A\p-aXn hmßn-bn-cn-°Ww. (N.91) N´-hn-cp-≤a - mbn Xøm-dm-°s - ∏´ Hcp πm\pw At]-£bpw {Kma-]-©mbØp sk{I- ´ - d n- b n¬ \n∂pw AwKo-Ic - n®p In´n-sb-¶n¬ t]mepw N´-hn-cp-≤a - mb Hcp \n¿ΩmWw \SØp-∂-Xns\ AXp km[q-I-cn-°pI-bn√. [N.22(1)] \n¿ΩmW {]hrØn \S- Ø p∂ ÿeØv cmhnse 7 aWn°pw sshIp-t∂cw 6 aWn°pw CS-bnembn sk{I-´-dntbm k¿°mtcm Npa- X - e - s ∏- S p- Ø nb GsXmcp DtZym-K-ÿ\pw IS∂p sN√m\pw \n¿ΩmWw N´-{]-Imcw \S-°p∂p F∂v Dd∏phcp-Øm\pw DS-a-ÿ≥ A\p-h-Zn-t°-≠-XmWv. [N.22(2)]. s]¿an-‰n-\p≈ At]-£t- bm-sSm∏w N´-Øn¬ \n¿t±-in-®n-´p-≈-Xmb F√m tcJ-Ifpw A\p-_‘ - ß - fpw

lmP-cm-t°-≠-XmWv. (N. 5,6,7, 12) 8. A\p- a Xn e`n®p Ign- ™ m¬ {]hrØn Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xp kw_‘n® hnhcw \n›nX t^mdØn¬ sk{I-´d - nsb Adn-bn-°Ww. (N.22). 9. {]hrØn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-°g- n-™m¬ \n›nX t^md-Øn¬ ]q¿Øo-IcW km£y-]{Xw sk{I-´-dn°v \evIWw. (N.22) 10. `qhn-I-k\w s]¿an‰v {]Imcw ]q¿ Øo- I - c n- ® m¬ \n›nX t^mdØn¬ Uh-e-]vsa‚ v k¿´n-^n-°‰v sk{I-´-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw hmßWw. (N.22). 12. ]Wn-]q¿Øo-I-cn®p Ign-™m¬ AXns‚ D]-tbmKw Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xn\v apºmbn \n›nX t^mdØn¬ sk{I- ´ - d n- b n¬ \n∂pw Hm°p- ] ≥kn k¿´n- ^ n- ° ‰v hmßWw. (N.22) 13. Hcp s]¿an‰v {]Imcw {]hrØn ]q¿Øo-Ic - n®p Ign-™m¬ Ah-injvS-ßfpw ]mgvh-kvXp-°fpw ]cnk-cØv \n∂pw F{Xbpw thKw \o°w sNøWw. (N.22) 14. \n¿Ωm-Wh - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ F√m tcJ-If - pw IrXy-ambn kq£n-°pIbpw A[n-Imc ÿm\-߃ Bhiy-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ lmP-cm-°p-Ibpw sNøWw. (N.22). 15. \n¿ΩmW ÿeØv B¿°pw ImWm-hp∂ Xc-Øn¬ s]¿an‰pw AwKo-IrX πm\pw {]Z¿in-∏n-®n-cn°Ww. (N.22). 16. \n¿Ωm- W - h p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒt°m s]mXp-P-\߃t°m Pohm-]mbw hcm-Xn-cn°m-\p≈ F√m ap≥I-cp-Xe - p-Ifpw sNbvXn-cn-°Ww. (N.22). 17. kao-]-Øp≈ hkvXp-h-I-Iƒ°v tISp-]mtSm \mi-\-jvStam hcmXncn-°m-\p≈ F√m ap≥I-cp-X-epIfpw Dd∏p hcp-ØWw. (N.22) 18. \n¿Ωm-Wh - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ Imcy߃°v as‰m-cm-fp-ambn Icm¿ DSº-Sn-bn¬ G¿s∏-Sp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ B hnhcw DS- º - S n- b psS ]I¿∏p klnXw Ggp Znh-k-Øn-\p-≈n¬ sk{I-´-dnsb Adn-bn-®n-cn-°Ww. (N.22). 19. dnb¬ FtÉp kw_- ‘ n®v Fs¥-¶nepw ]ckyw sh_vssk‰ntem Zriy-am-[y-aß - f - ntem A®Sn am[y-a-ß-fntem \evIp∂ ]£w N´w 22(7) Un.C F∂n-h-bn¬ ]dbp∂ {]Im-c-ap≈ F√m hni-Zmwsabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv i-ßfpw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°Ww. (N.22). 20. s]¿an‰v e`n-®-tijw {]hrØn F√m hn[-Ønepw ]q¿Øo-Ic - n-°p∂-Xn\v apºmbn {]kvXpX ÿew hnev]\ \S-Øp∂ ]£w A°mcyw tcJm-aqew sk{I-´-dnsb Adn-bn°Ww. hmßp-∂-bmƒ {]hrØn XpS-ßp-∂X - n\v apºmbn sk{I-´d - nbn¬\n∂pw tcJm-aq-ea - p≈ s]¿an‰v hmßn-bn-cn-°Ww. Bb-Xn\v sh≈ t]∏-dn¬ Xøm-dm-°nb At]£ \n›nX tIm¿´v ^okv ]Xn®v _‘- s ∏´ tcJ- I fpw 25 cq]m ^okpw klnXw sk{I- ´ - d n°v \evtI-≠X - mWv. (N.24). 21. {]hrØn F√m hn[-Ønepw ]q¿ Øo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v apºmbn D]tbmKw XpS-ß-W-sa∂v \n›-bn°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ A°mcyw ImWn®v sk{I- ´ - d n°v At]£ \ev t I≠Xpw sk{I-´dn A°mcyw ]cntim-[n-°p-Ibpw D]-tbmKw XpSßp-∂Xv Hcp Xc-Ønepw A]m-bI-c-a-s√∂v t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ `mKnI-ambn \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Øn-bmb `mK-Øn\v am{X-ambn Hm°p-]≥kn k¿´n-^n-°‰v \evIp-∂-Xp-amWv. [N.25(4)] 22. \mep-\n-e-bn¬ IqSp-Xtem 15 ao‰dn¬ A[nIw Db- c tam D≈ sI´nSw \n¿Ωn-°p-tºmƒ ssek ≥kv {]Im-c-ap≈ {]hrØn Bcw`n-°p-∂-Xn\v apºmbn AXns‚ kmt¶-XnI ta¬t\m´w hln-°p∂-Xn-\mbn £a-X-bp-≈Xpw Cu N´-߃ {]Imcw \K-c-Imcy Ubd-ISv d - n¬ \n∂pw cPn-ktv {S-j≥ e`n®n-´p-≈-Xp-amb Hcmsf DS-a-ÿ≥ apgp- h ≥ ka- b - t a¬t\m- ´ - ° m- c \mbn \nb-an-t°-≠Xpw A{]-Im-cap≈ \nb-a\w kw_-‘n®v sk{I´-dnsb hnhcw Adn-bn-t°-≠-XpamWv. \nb-a\ XobXn, Abm-fpsS t^mt´m ]Xn® Xncn-®d - n-b¬ tcJ, aq∂p- h ¿j- Ø n¬ Ipd- b mØ {]hrØn ]cn-N-b-ap-s≠∂v sXfnbn-°p∂ tcJ, {]kvXpX \nb-a\w \nb-an-°-s∏-´-bmƒ AwKo-I-cn®p F∂-Xn\v At±-l-Øns‚ Ht∏m-SpIq-Snb kΩ-X] - {Xw F∂nh klnX-amWv sk{I-´d - n°v Adn-bn∏v \ev tI- ≠ Xv . C{]- I mcw \nb- a n® kq∏¿ssh-k-dpsS km∂n-≤y-Øne-√msX bmsXm-cp-hn[ {]h¿Ø\hpw \S-Øm≥ ]mSn√. am{X-a√ GsX-¶nepw Ah-kc - Ø - n¬ kq∏¿ ssh-ksd am‰n \nb-an-°p-∂p-sh¶n¬ A°m- c yhpw DS≥Xs∂ sabv 2011

At]£ sk{I-´-dn°v ka¿∏n® XobXn apXtem, At]-£-bn-t∑¬ A[n-I-amb Fs¥-¶nepw tcJ-Iƒ lmP-cm-°p-∂-Xn\v Bh-iy-s∏´ {]Imcw AXv lmP-cm-°nb XobXn apXtem 30 Znh-k-Øn-\p≈n¬ At]£ \nc-kn-°pItbm A\p-h-Zn-°p-Itbm sNbvXp-sIm≠v sk{I-´dn DØ-chv \evtI-≠-XmWv. ta¬ hnh-cn® {]Im-cØ - n¬ sk{I´-dnsb Adn-bn-t°-≠-XmWv. at‰sX- ¶ nepw GP≥kn hgntbm hy‡n-Iƒ hgntbm BWv \n¿ ΩmWw/hnI-k\w \S-Øp-∂-sX¶n¬ DS-ºSn {]Im-c-ap≈ {]kv XpX GP‚n\v C{]-Im-c-ap≈ NpaXe \n¿∆-ln-°p-hm≥ _m[y-X-bp≠m-bn-cn°pw. (N.116) 23. sSen-°-Ωyq-Wn-t°-j≥ Sh-dns‚ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ {]kvXpX Sh-dns‚bpw AXp \n¿Ωn-°p∂ sI´nS-Øn-s‚bpw LS-\m-]-c-amb Dd∏n\pw kpc-£n-X-Xz-Øn-\pap≈ ap≥I-cp-X-ense hogvN-aq-e-ap-≠mIp∂ \mi-\-jvS-߃°pw At]£-I-\mb DS-a-ÿ\v _m[y-X-bp≠mbn-cn°pw. (N.126) 24. sk{I-´-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw \nb-am-\pk-c-W-ap≈ Hcp s]¿an‰v hmßmsXtbm, s]¿an-‰nse hyh-ÿ-Iƒ ewLn- ® p- s Imt≠m, sk{I- ´ dn \nb- a m- \ p- k - c Ww \evInb \n¿t±iw ]men-°m-sXtbm Hcp \n¿Ωm-Wtam, ]p\¿ \n¿Ωm-Wtam, InW¿ Ipgn-°tem \S-Øp-∂p-sh¶n¬ sI´n-S-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ ]Xn-\m-bncw cq]-h-scbpw InWdns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ Bbncw cq] hscbpw XpS¿Ip-‰-Øn\v bYm{Iaw Bbncw cq]bpw Ccp-\q‰n AºXp cq]bpw {]Xn-Zn-\hpw, £aX-bp≈ Hcp tImS-Xn-bn¬ Ip‰ÿm-]\w sNøp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ ]ngin£ hn[n-°m-hp∂ Ip‰-amWv. am{X-a√ \nb-am-\p-kc - W - a - p≈ \nehm- c - a n- √ m- s Xtbm, \nb- a m- \ p- k cWw \ev I nb \n¿t±- i - Ø nse hyh-ÿI - ƒ ]men-°m-sXtbm Hcp \n¿ΩmWw \S- Ø p- I bpw AXv s]mXp kpc-£bv°pw a\p-jy-Po-

h\pw `oj-Wn-bmbn amdp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ tImS-Xn-bpsS Ip‰-ÿm-]-\-Øn-t∑¬ Hcp h¿jwhsc XShp in£ e`n-°m-hp∂ Ip‰-amWv. (N.150) 25. At]£ sk{I-´-dn°v ka¿∏n® XobXn apXtem, At]- £ - b nt∑¬ A[n-I-amb Fs¥-¶nepw tcJ-Iƒ lmP-cm-°p-∂-Xn\v Bhiy-s∏´ {]Imcw AXv lmP-cm°nb XobXn apXtem 30 Znh-kØn-\p-≈n¬ At]£ \nc-kn-°pItbm A\p-h-Zn-°p-Itbm sNbv Xp-sIm≠v sk{I-´dn DØ-chv \ev tI-≠-XmWv.(N.15). C{]-Imcw bm sXmcp hnh-chpw \n›nX Znh-kØn-\Iw e`n-®n-s√-¶n¬ At]-£I≥ C°m-cy-߃ ImWn®v ]©mbØv apºmsI tcJm-aqew At] £ \evIWw. A{]-Imcw At] £ e`n-®m¬ 30 Znh-k-Øn-\p-≈n ¬ A\p-aXn \evI-Wtam th≠ tbm F∂v Xocp-am-\n-°m≥ ]©mb-Øn\v _m[y-X-bp≠v. (N.16). C{]-Imcw bmsXmcp Adn-bn∏pw ]©m- b - Ø n¬ \n∂pw e`n- ° m Ø]£w \n›nX Znhkw Ign-bp∂-tXmsS At]-£-I≥ Bh-iys∏´ A\p-aXn e`n®p F∂ {]Im cw {]hr-Øn-bp-ambn apt∂m-´p-t]mIm- h p- ∂ - X mWv . F∂m¬ A{]Imcw {]hrØn \S-Øp-tºmƒ N´ßƒ ]q¿Æ-ambn ]men-°s - ∏-Sp∂p F∂v Dd∏phcp-Øp-hm≥ DS-abv°v _m[y-X-bp≠v. [N.16(2)]. 26. C°m-cy-߃ kw_-‘n®v sk{I´dn ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn® Hcp DØ-c-hn-s\Xnsc, {]kvXpX DØ-c-hn-\m¬ IjvS\ - j - Sv ß - ƒ t\cn-tS≠n hcp∂ GsXmcp ]uc\pw tIcfm ]©mbØv cmPv \nb-a-Ønse 271 Fkv hIp∏v {]Imcw cq]o-I-cn-°-s∏´ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃ °p- t h- ≠ n- b p≈ {Sn_q- W ¬ apºmsI A∏o¬ l¿Pn ka¿∏n°m-hp-∂-XmWv. ta¬ hnh-cn-®-Xn¬ \n∂pw tIcf ]©m-bØv sI´nS \n¿ΩmW N´-߃ {]Imcw DS-a-ÿs‚ Npa-X-e-Ifpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Øhpw F{X hn]p-e-amsW∂pw {]m[m-\y-ap-≈-Xm-sW∂pw t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-XmWv. N´w \S-∏m-°p∂- X n¬ {][m\ ]¶p hln- ° p∂ ASpØ hn`mKw {Kma- ] - © m- b Øv sk{I-´d - n-am-cmWv. C\n Ah-cpsS NpaX-e-Ifpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Øhpw Fs¥ms°-sb∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. (XpScpw) teJ-I≥ ]©m-bØv hIp-∏n¬ `cWhn`mKw tPmbn‚ v Ub-d-IvS-dmWv.

29


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

^nen∏v amXyp

"tN

cn clnX C¥y' F∂ e£yw h®v tI{µ k¿°m¿ hn`mh\w sNbvXv kwÿm\ k¿°mcp IfpsSbpw \Kck`IfpsSbpw kwbp‡m`napJy Øn¬ \S∏nem°p∂ ]pXnb ]≤XnbmWv cmPohv Bhmkv tbmP\. tNcn clnX \Kcw F∂XmWv Cu ]≤XnbpsS apJye£yw. \nehnep≈ tNcn Isf \KcØns‚ apJy[mcbnte°v Db¿Øp∂ XcØn¬ \KchnIk\w Bkq{XWw sNøp∂Xn \v Dt±in®n´p≈ kab_‘nX I¿Ω]cn]mSnbm WnXv. ]m¿∏nSw, a‰v kmaqlyhpw A√msXbpap≈ ASnÿm\ kuIcy߃ F∂nhbpsS hnIk\ ØneqsSbpw ]p\cp≤mcWØneqsSbpw \Kc tNcnIsf samØw \KchnIk\Øns‚ `mKam°n hnIkn∏n°pIbmWnhnsS sNøp∂Xv. \Kc {]tZisØ a‰nSßfn¬ hnIk\Øns‚ `mKambn e`yamIp∂ ASnÿm\ kuIcyßfpw tkh\ßfpw \nehnep≈ tNcn \nhmknIƒ°pw Hcp°ns°mSp°p∂Xn\mbn Ahsb C∂sØ HutZymKnI \Kchyhÿbv°p≈n¬ Dƒs∏Sp ØpI, \KctNcnIfpsS kr„nsbbpw hf¿®sb bpw klmbn°p∂ C∂sØ HutZymKnI \Kc hyhÿnXnbpsS ]cmPbw am‰nsbSp°pI, \Kc tNcn\nhmknIsf XßfpsS sXmgnepw D]Poh \hpw \ne\n¿Øp∂Xnte°v th≠ \nba]cnc£ B¿÷n°p∂Xn\v klmbn°pI, \KcØnse ]mhs∏´h¿°v A{]m]yamb XcØn¬ C∂v \ne \n¬°p∂ \Kc `qanbn≥taepw ]m¿∏nSßfnepw Ah¿°p≈ DSaÿmhImiØnep≈ Ipdhv ]cnlcn°pI F∂o e£y߃ ap≥\n¿Øn _lpapJ kao]\ßtfmsS \Kc tNcnIfpsS {]iv\߃ kºq¿Æambpw IrXyambpw ]cnl cn°pI F∂-XmWv cmPohv Bhmkv tbmP\ ]≤ XnbneqsS hn`mh\w sNøp∂Xv. CXneqsS C∂p \nehnep≈ \KchnIk\ \bØn¬ ASnÿm \]camb am‰ßƒ sIm≠phcnIbpw \Kc hnIk \{]{Inb F√mhscbpw Dƒs°m≈p∂Xpw Xpey \oXn ]pe¿Øp∂Xpw B°nam‰pIbpw sNøp∂p. Cu ]≤XnbpsS {]mcw`sa∂ \nebn¬ AXXv kwÿm\߃ tNcnclnX \Kcmkq{XWØn\m bp≈ I¿Ω]cn]mSn BhnjvIcnt°≠Xp≠v. CXn\mbn \nehnep≈Xpw ASpØ 20 h¿jØn

30

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv \p≈n¬ tNcnIfmbn amdm≥ km[yX bp≈ ÿeßsfbpw Dƒs∏SpØn s°m≠v tNcnIfpsS \nPÿnXn t{Im UoIcn°p∂Xn\mbn hniZamb kmaqly˛`uXnI k¿t∆Ifpw am∏n ßpw \SØpI, hniZamb hnIk\ ]cn ]mSnIfpw ]≤Xn \n¿t±ißfpw Icp ]nSn∏n°pI, CXnte°mhiyamb coXnbnep≈ \nba\n¿ΩmWhpw \b cq]h¬°cWhpw \SØpI F∂nh bpw Cu ]≤XnbpsS LSIßfmWv. Cu ]≤XnbpsS {]mcw`L´ {]h ¿Ø\amb tNcnclnX \Kc Bkq {XW I¿Ω]cn]mSn Xømdm°p∂ {]{Inb \ΩpsS kwÿm\Øv Bcw `n®n´p≠v . Cu {]h¿Ø\߃°v t\XrXzw \¬Im≥ kwÿm\k¿ °m¿ IpSpw_{ioanjs\ NpaXes∏ SpØpIbpw Bcw`{]h¿Ø\߃ °mbn Xncph\¥]pcw, sIm√w, sIm ®n, Xriq¿, tImgnt°mSv F∂o tIm¿ ∏tdj\pIsf \n›bn°pIbpw sN bvXn´p≠v. AXXv \Kck`Iƒ \n¿t±in°p∂ tNcnIsf tNcnIfpsS \n¿∆N\Øn\v A\pkrXambn ]cntim[n®v \Kc k`IfpsS klmbtØmsS ]≤Xn bn¬ Dƒs∏SpØp∂Xn\v Xocpam\n °pI, {]kvXpX tNcnIfpsS kmaq ly˛kmºØnI k¿t∆ \SØn e`y amIp∂ hnhc߃ tI{µ XeØn¬ cq]s∏SpØnbn´p≈ Fw.sF.Fkv. hnhc tiJcWØn¬ IÆntN¿ °pI, tNcnIfpsS hniZamb `uXnI k¿t∆Iƒ, tSm´¬ tÃj≥ k¿t∆, Pntbm C≥^¿am‰nIvkv F∂nhbpsS

\K-c-ß-fn¬ \S-∏m-°p∂ cmPohv Bhmkv tbmP\ ]≤-Xn-sb-°p-dn®v Xt±-i-k-z-bw-`-cW hIp∏v AUo-j-W¬ No^v sk{I-´dn Fkv.-Fw. hnP-bm-\µv hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p. IpSpw-_{io FIvkn-I-yq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿ imc-Z -ap-c-fo-[-c≥, Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n. at\m-l-c≥ F∂n-h¿ kao-]w.

Cu ]≤XnbpsS {]mcw`sa∂ \nebn¬ AXXv kwÿm\߃ tNcnclnX \Kcmkq{XWØn\mbp≈ I¿Ω]cn]mSn BhnjvIcnt°≠ Xp≠v. CXn\mbn \nehnep≈Xpw ASpØ 20 h¿jØn\p≈n¬ tNcn Ifmbn amdm≥ km[yXbp≈ ÿeßsfbpw Dƒs∏SpØns°m≠v tNcnIfpsS \nPÿnXn t{ImUoIcn°p∂Xn\mbn hniZamb kmaq ly˛`uXnI k¿t∆Ifpw am∏nßpw \SØpI, hniZamb hnIk\ ]cn ]mSnIfpw ]≤Xn \n¿t±ißfpw Icp]nSn∏n°pI, CXnte°mhiyamb coXnbnep≈ \nba\n¿ΩmWhpw \bcq]h¬°cWhpw \SØpI F∂nhbpw Cu ]≤XnbpsS LSIßfmWv. ASnÿm\Øn¬ t{ImUoIcn®v kmaqly k¿t∆ Fw.sF.F pambn HØptN¿Øv tNcnIfpsS hnIk\ Bhiy߃ I≠p]nSn®v Ah ]cnl

cmPohv Bhmkv tbmP-\sb kw_-‘n®v Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv \S∂ N¿®m ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ hnhn[ \K-c-k-`-I-fnse P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw DtZ-ym-K-ÿ-cpw.

sabv 2011

cn°p∂Xn\v Bhiyamb ]≤XnIƒ D≠m°nsbSp°pI F∂nhbmWv Cu I¿Ω ]cn]mSnbpsS `mKambn \S∏nem°p∂Xv. CXnte°v \Kck`Isf klmbn °p∂Xn\v kmaqly˛kmt¶XnI Xe ßfn¬ {]mK¤yap≈ hnZKv[sc Dƒ s∏SpØnsIm≠v AXXv \Kck`I fn¬ \KcXe kmt¶XnI sk¬ cq]oIcn°p∂p≠v. Cu ]≤XnbpsS hniZmwi߃ tIm¿∏tdj\pIfnse tab¿am¿, sk{I´dnam¿, B¿.F.ssh Sow AwK߃ F∂nhsc ]s¶Sp∏n ®psIm≠v 2011 G{]n¬ amkw 27˛mw XobXn Xncph\¥]pcØv IqSnb N¿®m ktΩf\Øn¬ Xt±i kzbw `cW hIp∏v AUojW¬ No^v sk{I´dn Fkv . Fw. hnPbm\µv , IpSpw_{io FIvknIyq´ohv UbdŒ¿ imcZm apcfo[c≥ F∂nhcpsS t\Xr XzØn¬ AhXcn∏n°pIbpw AXXv tIm¿∏tdj\pIfn¬ DS≥ Xs∂ ]≤Xn Bcw`n°m≥ Xocpam\n°pI bpw sNbvXn´p≠v. teJ-I≥ IpSpw-_{io kwÿm\ Zmcn-{Zy \n¿Ωm¿÷\ anj-\n¬ tkmj-y¬ sUh-e-]vsa‚ v Hm^o-k-dm-Wv.

31


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

DZ-b-`m\p It≠Øv

]©m-b-Øn-se U_nƒ F≥{Sn A-°u≠v - 14

kmwJy Ct∏mƒ Hm¨sse≥ 2011---

se tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv (A°u≠vkv) N´-߃ k¿°m¿ hn ⁄m-]\w sNbvXp. CX-\p-k-cn-®p≈ A{Iq-h¬ ASn-ÿm-\-am-°nb U_n ƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv k{º-Zmbw \S-∏m-°p-∂Xv C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf anj≥ hnI-kn-∏n® "kmwJy ˛ ]©mbØv U_nƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv' Bπn-t°-j≥ D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv. ]Sn-]-Sn-bmbn Cu k{º-Zmbw 2011 G{]n¬ 1 apX¬ {]m_-ey-Øn¬ \S∏m-°p-∂-Xns‚ `mK-ambn Xncp-h-\-¥]pcw Pn√-bnse t\aw tªm°nse ]©m-b-Øp-I-fn-emWv BZy-ambn \S∏m-°n-bXv. t\aw tªm°v ]©m-bØntebpw amd-\-√q¿, _me-cm-a-]pcw, ]≈n-®¬, ae-bn≥Iogv, hnf-∏n¬, hnfhq¿°¬, I√n-bq¿ {Kma-]-©m-b-ØpI-fn-tebpw sk{I-´-dn-am¿, kq{]≠v/ slUv ¢m¿°p-am¿, A°u-≠‚p-am¿ A°u-≠nw-Kp-ambn _‘-s∏´ a‰v c≠v ¢m¿°p-am¿ F∂n-h¿°v H∂mwL-´-Øn¬ ]cn-io-e\w \¬In. ]co£-Wm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ BZyw Xs∂ kmwJy hn\y-kn-®n-cp∂ Ic-Ipfw {Km a-]-©m-b-Ønse sk{I-´-dn°pw Poh\-°m¿°pw DS≥Xs∂ ]cn-io-e\w \¬In. kmwJy Ahn-tS-bpw {]h¿Ø\-£a - a - m-°p-∂X - mWv. sk{I-´d - n-am¿°v c≠p Znh-khpw a‰p Poh-\° - m¿°v B dp Znh-k-hp-amWv ]cn-io-e\w. C≥^ ¿ta-j≥ tIc-f- an-j-\nse Iw]yq-´¿ em_n-emWv ]cn-io-e\w \¬In-bXv. Hmtcm _m®n-s‚bpw BZysØ

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¢mkv ssIImcyw sNbvXp-sIm≠v tÉv s]¿t^m-a≥kv HmUn‰v Hm^ok¿ Fkv. Znhm-I-c≥]n≈ ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn°v t\XrXzw \¬In. XpS¿ ∂p≈ ¢mkp-Iƒ DZ-b`- m\p It≠Øv, cmP-tKm-]m-e≥ (amÿ s{Sbn-\¿), a‰p amÿ s{Sbn-\¿am¿ F∂n-h¿ ssI Imcyw sNbvXp. XpS¿∂v, t\aw tªm°v ]©m-bØnepw a‰p Ggv {Kma-]-©m-b-Øp-Ifnepw kmwJy Bπn-t°-j≥ hn\y-kn ®p. {^≠v Hm^o-kn¬ ]Ww kzoIcn-°p∂ hy‡n(Imjn-b¿), A°u-≠ ‚ ,v sk{I-´dn, Unam‚ v P\-td‰v sNøp ∂ hy‡n/hy‡n-Iƒ F∂n-h¿°pw Iw]yq-´¿ Ds≠∂pw, Cu Iw]yq-´-dpIƒ sk¿h-dp-ambn s\‰h¿°v sNbv Xn-´p-s≠∂pw Dd-∏p-h-cpØn. "kmwJy bpw' "kqNn-Ibpw' XΩn¬ _‘n-∏n®v ]Ww kzoI- c n- ®- Xn- \p≈ ckoXpw At]£ kzoI-cn-®-Xn-\p≈ ssI∏‰v ckoXpw \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\p≈ {]n‚¿ {^≠v Hm^o-kn¬ ÿm]n®p. CXn-\p]p-dta Znh-tk\ tÉvsa‚p-I-fpsS {]n‚ vHu´v FSp-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ {]n‚¿ A°u-≠‚n\pw e`y-am°n. F´v ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnepw C≥^¿ ta-j≥ tIc-f-an-js‚ sU]yq´n Ubd-IvS¿ Sn.]n. kp[m-I-c\pw DZ-b-`m\p It≠Øpw Dƒ∏-sS-bp≈ Sow kµ¿ i\w \S-Øp-Ibpw {]kn-U‚ v, sshkv {]kn-U‚ v, Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿ t]gvk¨am¿, sk{I-´dn, A°u-≠ ‚ v F∂n-h¿ ]s¶-SpØ tbmKw \S-Øp-

Ibpw sNbvXp. F√m ]©m-b-Øp-Ifnepw Iw]yq-´s - sdkvUv A°u-≠nwKv {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ kpK-aa - mbn \S-Øp-∂Xn-\p≈ Fw]-th¿Uv IΩn-‰nbpw cq]oI-cn®p. "kmwJy', kpKa-ambn {]h¿Øn -°p-∂p-sh∂v Dd∏phcp-tØ-≠Xv A °u-≠‚ns‚ Npa-X-e-bmbn \n›-bn ®p. hkvXp \nIpXn Ak-kvsa‚ v˛ Unam‚ v cPn-ÿ "k©b' Bπn-t°j≥ D]-tbm-Kn®v Um‰m F≥{Sn sNøp∂-Xn-\p≈ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw kq{]≠v/ slUv¢m¿°n\v Bbn-cn-°p-sa∂pw \n›-bn®p. k©b Um‰m F≥{Sn, shcn-^n-t°-j≥, If-£≥ t]mÃnwKv F∂nh ]q¿Øn-bm°n c≠p-am-k-Øn\Iw "k©b' tU‰m-t_kv Xøm-dm °n {]h¿Ø-\-£-a-am-°m\pw Xocp-am\-ambn. Unam‚ v cPn-ÿ ssIImcyw sNøp∂ Poh-\-°m-cm-bn-cn°pw shcn^n-t°-j≥ \S-ØpI. Um‰m F≥{Sn sNøp-∂-Xn\v IpSpw-_{io/A£b kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ tkh\w D]-tbmK-s∏-SpØpw. kmwJy {]h¿Ø-\£ - a - a - m-°p-∂X - n s‚ BZy-]-Sn-bmbn AXXv ]©m-bØnse _m¶v/{Sjdn A°u-≠p-Iƒ kmwJy Um‰m-t_-kn¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn. XpS¿∂v, _m¶v/{Sjdn A°u-≠p-Ifp-tSbpw Imjn-t‚bpw 31.-3-.2011se _me≥kv Dƒs∏-SpØn Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv jo‰v Xøm-dm°n. CXn-\p]p-dta Unkn-_n- tÃ-‰vsa‚ v {]Imcw 31.-3.-2011\v e`n-°m-\p≈ Xmsg ]d-bp ∂ XpI-Iƒ IqSn Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv jo‰n¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn. 1. hkvXp \nIpXn (IpSn-»nI) 2. hkvXp \nIpXn (X∂m≠v) 3. sXmgn¬ \nIpXn ˛ t{StUgvkv (IpSn-»nI) 4. sXmgn¬ \nIpXn ˛ t{StUgvkv (X∂m≠v) 5. ]cky \nIpXn ˛ (IpSn-»nI) 6. ]cky \nIpXn ˛ (X∂m≠v) 7. sI´n-S-ß-fpsS hmSI (X∂m≠v) 8. `qan hmSI (X∂m≠v) CXn-\p-]p-dta ap≥Iq¿ Bbn e`n® Un&H ssek≥kv ^okv, ]n.F^v.F ssek≥kv ^okv, teew \SØn ap≥ Iq¿ Bbn e`n® am¿°‰v ^okv, _kv kv‰m≥Uv ^okv, ]ªnIv Iw^¿´v tÃj≥ ^okv, ]m¿°nwKv Gcnb ^o kv, tXß/amß XpS-ßnb Dev∏-∂ß-fpsS IpØ-Ih - c - hv XpS-ßn-bh _m ≤y-X-bmbn Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv jo ‰n¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn. kmwJy Bπn-t°-j≥ D]-tbmKn®v Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv jo‰v Xømdm-°p-∂Xv Ffp-∏-amWv. hnhn[ tcJI-fn¬ \n∂v e`n-°m-\p≈ XpI-Iƒ, \¬Im-\p≈ XpI-Iƒ, C Fw Fkv `h\ \n¿ΩmW ]≤-Xn°p th≠n-bp≈-Xpƒs∏-sS-bp≈ hmbv]-Iƒ, sI ´nSw˛tdmUv XpS-ßn-bh Dƒs∏-sSbp≈ BkvXn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS hnhcw Ipdn-s®-Sp-°pI. Hm∏-WnwKv _m e≥kv kv{Io≥ FSp-°pI. "_m≤y X' AYhm "BkvXn' F∂ tImf-Øn ¬ "kmwJy'bn¬ F‚¿ sNøpI. "_m e≥kv jo‰v' F∂ dnt∏m¿´v ¢n°v sNbv Xv 31.3.2011se Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv jo‰ns‚ {]n‚ vHu´v FSp°mw. BkvXn cPn-Ã-dp-Iƒ {]Im-c-ap≈ ÿmhc˛PwKa kzØp-°f - psS hnhcw t\ctØ Xs∂ C≥^¿taj≥ tIc-fan-j≥ hnI-kn-∏n® kNn{X Bπn-t°j≥ D]-tbm-Kn®v Iw]yq-´-dn¬ tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≠v. Ch IrXy-amb ]cntim-[\ - bv°p hnt[-ba - m°n Ah-bpsS \n¿Ωm-Ws - ®-ehv/hne "kNn{X' bn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-°-gn-™m¬ 31.03.2011 se Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv jo‰v F√m ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnepw ]q¿Øn-bm-°m\mhpw. ]q¿Æ-amb Hm∏-WnwKv _me≥kv jo‰v Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´n-s√-¶nepw kmw Jy {]h¿Ø\ k÷-am-°p-∂-Xn\v 31.03.2011se Imjv/_m¶v _me≥kpIfpw am¿®v 2011-se iºfw Dƒs∏sS e`n-°m\pw \¬Im-\p-ap≈ XpI-Ifpw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬ aXn. _m°n hnhc-߃ {ItaW Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬ aXnbmhpw. XpS¿∂v A{Iq-h¬ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - nsabv 2011

ep≈ hcp-am-\ß - ƒ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. CXn\v 31.03.2011se Un.kn._n tà ‰vsa‚ v {]Im-ca - p≈ X∂m-≠nse Unam ≥Uv ASn-ÿm-\-ambn kzoI-cn°mw. XpS¿∂v tPW¬ hu®¿ D]-tbm-Kn®v h¿≤-\thm Ipdthm tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ømhp-∂-XmWv. hkvXp-\n-IpXn, sXmgn¬ \nIpXn˛ t{StUgvkv, ]cky \nIpXn, `qan hmSI, sI´nSw hmSI, Un&H ssek≥kv ^okv, ]n.F^v.F sse k≥kv ^okv, teew ASn-ÿm-\-Øn ¬ e`n-°m-\p≈ am¿°‰v ˛ _kv Ãm ‚ v ˛ Iw^¿´v tÃj≥˛]m¿°nwKv Gcnb˛Dev]∂ - ß - ƒ XpS-ßn-bh - b - psS hchv F∂n-h-bmWv A{Iq-h¬ hcp-am\-ambn Dƒs∏-Sp-tØ≠Xv. Ch kw_‘n®v X∂m-≠n¬ hcp-am-\-ambn e`nt°≠ Hmtcm XpIbpw hcp-am-\a - mbpw Xpey-XpI "e`n-°m-\p-≈Xv' F∂ t] cn¬ BkvXn-bmbpw tPW¬ hu®dn¬ F‚¿ sNøp∂p. ap≥Iq¿ Bbn 2010˛-11 Ah-km\w h√ XpI-Ifpw e`n®n- ´ p- s ≠- ¶ n¬ hnhcw Hm∏- W nwKv _me≥kv jo‰n¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bncn°pw. A{Iq-h¬ hnhcw kmwJy-bn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-°g - n™ DSs\ ap≥Iq¿ Bbn e`n® XpI, AXp kw_-‘n®v e`n-°m-\p≈ XpI-bvs°-Xnsc tPW ¬ F≥{Sn hgn {Iao-I-cn-°p∂p. XpS¿ ∂v Imjv Btbm sN°v Btbm _‘ -s∏-´-h¿ X∂m-≠n¬ ]Ww \¬Iptºmƒ hnhcw ckoXv hu®¿ hgn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. C{]-Imcw tcJ-s∏Sp-Øp∂ XpI-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv "e`n-°m-\p≈ XpI-Iƒ' F∂ sl Un¬ Bbn-cn°pw. DZm-l-c-W-ambn hkvXp \nIpXn Imjv Btbm sN°v Btbm e`n-®m¬ ckoXv \¬Ip-∂Xv "In´m-\p≈ hkvXp \nIpXn' F∂ t] cn-em-bn-cn°pw. DS≥Xs∂ _me≥kv jo-‰n¬ In´m-\p≈ hkvXp-\n-IpXn A{X-I≠v Ipdbpw. k©b Um‰mt_ kv Xøm- d m- s W- ¶ n¬ AtXkabw Xs∂ \nIpXnZmb-Is‚ A°u-≠n se Unam‚nepw Ipdhphcpw. GXp Znh-ka - mtWm kmwJy {]h¿ Ø-\-£-a-am-Ip-∂Xv, A∂p apX¬ F√m [\-Imcy CS-]m-Sp-Ifpw kmwJy hgn am{Xta tcJ-s∏-SpØq. e`n-°p∂ Hmtcm XpIbv°pw kmwJy-bn¬ cko Xv tcJ-s∏-SpØpw. e`n-°p∂ sN°v/ UnUn/Imjv, aWn-Hm¿U¿ dnt´¨, "_n' ^≠v _n√p-Iƒ Imjv sNbvXp In´p∂ XpI-Iƒ, se‰¿ Hm^v AtXmdn‰n aptJ\ {Sjdn A°u-≠n¬ s{I Un‰v sNøp∂ XpI-Iƒ, ]eni XpS ßn _m¶v A°u-≠n¬ s{IUn‰v sN øp∂ XpI-Iƒ F∂n-hbv°pw ckoXp \¬IWw. C.Fw.Fkv `h\ \n¿ ΩmW ]≤Xn Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ Imcy-

߃°v ]©m-b-Øn\v sNt°m Un Untbm \¬ImsX _m¶v Ah-cpsS IW-°n¬ ]©m-b-Øns‚ _m≤y-Xbmbn Dƒs∏-SpØn \n¿∆-lW DtZymK-ÿ\v hmbv] XpI-bmbn \¬Ip-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ tPW¬ F≥{Sn hgn "hm bv]' F∂ _m≤y-Xbpw "\n¿∆-lW DtZym-Kÿ \v ap≥Iq¿' F∂ BkvXnbmbpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØWw. GXp-Xcw ^≠nse XpI-bm-sW¶nepw _n¬ ]cn-tim-[n®v sk{I-´dn°v ka¿∏n- ° p∂ A°u- ≠ ‚ v kmwJy-bn¬ t]bvsa‚ v Hm¿U¿ tcJs∏-Sp-ØWw. GsX-¶nepw Imc-W-him¬ as‰m-cp-tZym-K-ÿ-\mWv C{]Imcw sk{I-´-dn°v ka¿∏n-°p-∂-sX¶n¬ AXv B DtZym-K-ÿs‚ DØ-chm-Zn-Xz-am-bn-cn°pw. XpS¿∂v t]bv sa ‚ v Hm¿U-dns‚ \º¿ _n√n¬ Fgp-Xnt®¿°Ww. Iw]yq-´¿ ]cn-tim-[n®v C{]-Imcw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠∂v Dd-∏p-hc - pØn, Iw]yq-´d - n¬ "A{]q-h¬' tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-ti-j-am-bn-cn-°Ww sk{I-´dn _n√n¬ ]m m-°n-b-Xmb H∏pshbvt°-≠Xv. XpS¿∂v sN°v Fgp- X n- ° - g n- ™ m¬ A°u- ≠ ‚ v t]bvsa‚ v tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØWw. CXn\mbn t]bvsa‚ v Hm¿U¿ \º¿ F‚¿ sNbvXm¬ sN°v hnhcw tcJ-s∏-SpØm-\p≈ kv{Io≥ e`n°pw. C{]Imcw sNbvXn-´p-s≠∂v Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ønb-ti-jta sk{I-´dn sN°v H∏n-Smhq. AXXp Znh-ksØ CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ ]q¿Æ-ambn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb∂v Dd∏p-hc - p-Øp-∂X - n-\mbn F√m Znh-khpw sshIp- t ∂cw Imjv _ p- ° n- t ‚bpw _m¶v _p°p-I-fp-sSbpw {]n‚ vHu´v FSpØv A°u-≠‚ v sk{I-´-dn°p ka¿∏n-°Ww. c≠p-t]-cp-tSbpw H∏p ≈ {]n‚ vHu´p-Iƒ t_mIvkv ^b-en ¬ XobXn {Ia-a-\p-k-cn®v ^b¬ sN bvXv kq£n-°Ww. 2011 G{]n¬ 1 apX ¬ kmwJy {]h¿Ø-\-£-a-amb XobXn-h-sc-bp≈ [\-Imcy CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ IpSn-»n-I-bm-bn-cn°pw. Cu IpSn-»nI tPmen Npcp-ßnb ka-bw-sIm≠v Xo¿ °Ww. IpSn-»nI Xo¿∂p Ign-bp-∂t- Xm sS IW-°p-Iƒ IrXy-am-bn-Øo-cp∂p. t\aw tªm°nse Ipd®p ZnhksØ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \nco-£n® tijw tIc-f-Ønse apgp-h≥ {XnXe ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnepw Npcp-ßnb ka-bØn-\p-≈n¬ kmwJy hn\y-kn®v {]h ¿Ø-\-£-a-am-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw. (teJ-I≥ GPokv Hm^o-kn¬ ko\n-b¿ HmUn‰v Hm^o-k-dm-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIc-f-an-j-\n¬ I¨kƒ´‚mWv samss_¬ : 9447454221 C˛sa-bn¬: ubkandeth@gmail.com)

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv hnZym-`ymk Nn¥-Iƒ t]Pv 13¬ \n∂pw C{µn- b m- \ p- ` - h - ß ƒ Adn- h ns‚ hmXm-b\ - ß - ƒ ae¿s° Xpd-∂n-Sp∂p. ]IpXn Nmcnb hmXn-ep-Ifpw AS™ hmXn-ep-Ifpw Pohn-X-Øn-ep-s≠∂v Ip´n-Iƒ Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂n√. ⁄m\-taJ-e-tb-°mƒ {]m[m-\y-ap≈ sshImcnI taJ-esb (Cognitive domain) AhK-Wn-°p∂ Adn-hp-Iƒ A]-I-S-Im-cnI- f mWv . hnhn[ sshZ- K v [ y- ß ƒ, ss\]p-Wn-Iƒ {]hrØn ]cn-Nb - ß - ƒ Chbv°pw IrXy-amb ÿm\w C√. AXp-sIm-s≠¥m h©n-∏m´p sNm√n ckn- ° m- \ - d n- b msX kam- \ - X mfw Is≠Ømw. (A£- c - ß ƒ FÆnt\m°n) am¿°p t\Smw. Igp-X-®p-aSpw ]pd-Øp-sh-®p-sI´n bm{¥n-Ia - mbn \oßp∂ Hcp _me-kwL-sØ-bmtWm \ap°p th≠Xv? Ie]ne t]in-s°m≠v Ad-hp-Im-cs‚ ]ndsI t]mIp∂ BSp-am-Sp-I-fmtWm \ΩpsS Ip™p-߃? hnZym-`ymkw Hcp "hnZym-`mkw' (Pseudo-education) BIp-s∂-¶n¬ AXns‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnIsf Is≠Øn in£n-°s≠? Agp-°p-Nm-ep-Iƒ hrØn-bm-°p-∂Xnepw ]cn-k-c-a-en-\o-I-cWw XS-bp-∂Xnepw h\w kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xnepw D]t`m‡r kwkv°mcw hf¿Øp-∂-Xn epw {i≤n-°p∂ skan-\m-dp-Iƒ \Ωp sS ]n©p-Ip-™p-ßsf aen-\o-I-cn°p∂ kmwkv°m-cnI HmS-Iƒ hrØnbm-°m-Ø-sXt¥? ""a\ p \∂mI s´, aX-ta-sX-¶n-ep-am-Is´, am\-h-lrØn≥ Nn√-IƒtXmdpw kvt\lw hncnbs´'' Fs∂mcp {]m¿∞\ F√m hn Zym-e-b-Ønepw sNm√m-Ø-sXt¥? ImgvNb - n¬ Ip´n-If - m-bn-cns° a\ p- a p- g p- h ≥ apXn¿∂- h - c p- t S- X m- b nØo¿∂ sNdnb henb a\p-jy-°p-´nIsf \mw t_m[]q¿∆w hf¿Øp-∂sXt¥? hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ ]c-a-amb e£yw cmjv{So-b-Øn-te°p {]th-in°p-Ibpw A[n-Imcw Bfp-I-bp-amsW∂v sNdnb Xe-ap-d-°msc sX‰n≤-cn-∏n-°p-∂X - m-cmWv? sU≥am¿°n¬ am{X-a√ \ΩpsS \m´nepw (Something is rotten in Denmark) Ft¥m No™p \mdp-∂p≠v. H∂n-s\-°p-dn®pw Imcyambn H∂pw Adn-bmsX, {Kln-°msX, Bkz-Zn-°msX, hna¿in-°msX, Np ΩmsX Ign™p IqSmw, iº-ftam In º-ftam In´p-∂X - p-sIm≠v F∂p IcpXp∂ Hcp kaqlw acWw Ign™v kwkv°m-c-{]-{Inb ImØp-In-S-°p-IbmWv. Ft∂m acn®p Ign-™mepw \m´n-se-Øm≥ hnam\w ImØp InS°p∂ Nne ih-ic - o-cß - sf Hm¿°pI,

34

dead, waiting to be buried.

Hcp amXrIm hnZym-eb - Ø - ns‚ cq]tcJ Gsd-°psd \ΩpsS a\- n¬ sXfn- b m- d ns√? AXv Gsd- ° psd ]≠sØ hnZym-e-b-Øns‚ Hm¿Ωbs√? ]T\w AYhm PohnXw \S°p∂ Poh-\p≈ ¢m p-ap-dn-Iƒ D≠mbn- c n- ° Ww. _p≤n- h n- I m- k - t ØmsSm∏w lrZ-b-hn-Im-khpw D≠m-Ip∂ Hcp PohnXw t_m[-]q¿∆w ¢mkp-apdn-I-fn¬ \S-°Ww. The best way to learn is to live F∂Xp icn-bmWv. ]co-£bpw Pbhpw tXm¬ hnbpw dm¶pw t{KUpw sImSp-°p∂ `mcsØ eLq- I - c n- ° m≥ Ifnbpw Nncnbpw Ihn-Xbpw IYbpw hmb-\bpw FgpØpw thWw. sse{_dn ]pkvXI-߃ Ip´n-If - psS ssIbn-se-ØWw. ]pkv X - I - ß - f psS Xchpw \ndhpw aWhpw A£-cß - f - psS Pme-hn-Zybpw Ip´n-Isf BI¿jn-°Ww. ]{X-am-knI-Iƒ Ip´n-Iƒ hmbn-°Ww. ]e hb nepw ]e HutZym-KnI ]Z-hn-bn-epap- ≈ - h ¿ Hcp- a n®p Ign™p IqSptºmƒ Nne-Xcw s]cp-am‰®´-߃ ]men-°Ww. ]t£ hnZym-ebw Hcp Pbn-e√ F∂pw Hm¿°Ww. C‚¿ sh¬ ka-bØv s]mcn-sh-bn-en¬ HmSn°-fn-°p∂ Ip´n-Isf hcn-h-cn-bmbn \n¿Øn ASn- ° p∂ "]pen- k m- d - ∑ mcpsS' Iøn¬ \n∂pw hSn ]nSn®p hmßn HSn®p If-bp∂ Hcp slUv km¿ thWw. kv°qƒ hf-∏n¬ ac-ßfpw sNSnIfpw Infn-Ifpw tX\o-®bpw Ddpºpw thWw. Hcp {]mthm Im°tbm ssa\ tbm Ip´n-If - psS Xe-bn¬ ImjvTn-°Ww. AXp XqØp-If - b - m\pw Xe Igp-IntXm¿Øn- s °m- S p- ° m\pw FØp∂ Iq´p-Imcpw A[ym-]-Icpw thWw. Hcp ]´n- ° p´n I™n- ∏ p- c - b psS ASpØp NS™p IqSn InS-∂-Xn\v ln‰ve¿ F∂p t]cn´v Ip´n-Iƒ AhcpsS Hma-\-bm-°Ww. ]´n°v B‚n˛ dm_okv IpØn- h bv ∏ p \S- Ø Ww F∂-dn-bp∂ _tbm-f-Pn-km¿ AXp sNøn-°Ww. {]Y-a-ip-{iqj sNøp∂ apdnbpw A[ym-]-Icpw thWw. ""km¿ Fs‚ hnc-en¬ πmÿ H´n-®t√m'' F∂v CW-°-tØmsS kvt\ln-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ thWw. Xpºbpw Ip¥menbpw sh´p-I-Ønbpw Nqepw Ip´-bpsams° Ip´n-Iƒ ImWWw. FSpØp s]cp-am-dWw. XS- ß - ƒ sh´n-am-‰p∂ Bbp-[-߃ sIme-]m-X-I-Øn\v D]tbm-Kn-°m-Xn-cn-°m\pw ]Tn-∏n-°Ww. tPmen sNøp-tºmƒ In´p∂ kpJw

Xosc Adn-bmØ Ip´n-Iƒ kv°qfn¬ D≠m-I-cpXv. {Un¬ amÃdpw Xø¬ Bim-´nbpw kvIu´v amÃdpw F≥ kn kn Hm^o- k dpw F≥ Fkv Fkv Hm^o-kdpw Hs° Ip´n-Iƒ°v klI-c-Whpw kvt\lhpw Im´n-s°m-Sp°Ww. hrØnbpw shSn-∏p-ap≈ aq{X∏p-c-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. ]cn-k-c-ipNo- I - c Ww Ip´n- I ƒ Xs∂ sNøptºmƒ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-tØmsS sNøpw. ]n ‰n Fbpw amXr-kw-K-ahpw ]q¿h hnZym¿∞n kwL- S - \ bpw {][m\ A[ym-]-It\m a‰v A[ym-]-I¿t°m Ahm¿Up e`n-°m-\p≈ Ipdp-°p-h-gnItfm IS- e mkp kwL- S - \ - I tfm Bbn-cn-°-cpXv. kv°qƒ ]m¿e-sa‚pw Xnc- s ™- S p∏pw Item- ’ - h - ß fpw BtLm-j-ßfpw a’-c-Øns‚ ]T-\ß-tf-°mƒ Gsd kl-I-c-W-Øns‚ ]mT-ßfpw kulr-Zhpw Dd-∏m-°Ww HSp-hn¬ kv°qfns‚ ]Sn-Iƒ Ib-dptºmƒ a\p-jy-Xz-Øns‚ aWw ]c°p∂ ssaXm-\hpw Ifn-ÿ-e-ßfpw ImWWw. AhnsS CSbv°pw apdbv°pw Du¿P-kz-e-cmb Ip´n-Iƒ PmXn-aX hyXymkw ad∂v ss]°p-´n-I-sf-t∏m se IqØm-SWw. kt¥mjw sIm≠p \nd-bp∂ IÆp-It- fmsS A[ym-]I - ¿ AØcw ImgvNI - ƒ ImWWw. Ip´nIƒ F¥p kpµ-c∑ - mcpw kpµ-cn-I-fpam-sW∂v Xncn-®-dn™v hnßp∂ amdnS-tØmsS hnZym-ebw BsI Ipfn ¿Øp Xfn¿Øp \n¬°Ww. ]≠p ]Tn®p-t]mb Ip´n-Iƒ ]e HutZym-KnI ÿm\-ß-fnepw IpSpw-_-Ønepw D≈h¿ Fs∂- ¶ n- e p- s ams° ]≠sØ hnZym-e-b-kva-c-W-Iƒ ]pXp-°Ww. kv°qƒ kµ¿in-°Ww. B¿{Z-ßfmb a\- p-I-fpsS DS-a-I-fmb Ah¿ Xd-hm-´n-te°p aS-ßp∂ t]mse ]gb hnZym-e-b-Øn-te°p aS-ßWw. `qXIm-e-Øns‚ amkvac hnZy-bn-eqsS ]≠sØ C√-h-√m-bva-Itfm ]cn-`htam ]nW- ° tam Hs° ambv ® p If™v kt¥m- j - Ø ns‚ AWbmØ sNcm-Xp-Iƒ sImfpØn {]Imin-°Ww. ]gb kz¿Ww t]mse ]gb ho™p-t]mse ]gb kpµ-c-kz]v\w t]mse Hcp A\p-`hw ]≠sØ Ip´nIƒ°p-≠m-IWw. C∂sØ Xe-ap-d bp-ambn Ah ]¶p-hb - v°Ww. CØcw Hcp hnZym-ebw Zp¿√-`-am-sW-¶nepw Nne-sc-¶nepw A`n-am-\t- ØmsS Hm¿ΩIƒ Ab- h n- d °pw. Rm\pw AXp sNøp∂p. teJnI Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw Kh¨sa‚ v s{Sbn-\nwKv tImtfPv ap≥ {]n≥kn-∏-em-Wv

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv tUm. Aa¿. Fkv. s^‰n¬

sabv 2011

_m

ey-Im-eØv k¿∆-km-[m-c-W-ambn ImW-s∏-Sp∂ tcmK-amWv izmk-tImi kw_-‘-amb sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb AWp-_m[ AYhm AIyq´v sdkv]n-td-‰dn C≥s^-£≥ (A.R.I). aeo-a-k-amb C∂sØ Np‰p]m-Sn¬ Pohn-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°v icm-icn amk-Øn¬ H∂v F∂ tXmXn¬ CØcw Akp-J-߃ ImWm-dp≠v. t]mj-W-°p-dhv {]tXy-In®pw ssh‰an≥ F bpsSbpw Ccp-ºn-s‚bpw Ipdhv, Ip´n-If - n¬ D≠m-Ip∂ a‰v tcmK߃ XpS-ßn-bh CØcw ÿnXn hnti-j-Øn\v hgn-sbm-cp-°p∂p. Bip-]-{Xn-I-fnse H.]n.Ifn¬ ssZ\w-Zn\w FØp∂ Ip´n-I-fn¬ GXm≠v 60 iX-am\w t]cpw F.B¿.sFtbm, ]I¿®-∏\ - ntbm (sshd¬^oh¿) _m[n-®-h-cmWv F∂Xv tUmIvS¿am-cpsS {i≤-bn¬s∏-´n-´p≈ hkvXpX-bmWv. izmk-tImi AWp-_m[ ]I-cp-∂Xv Xpd∂ coXn-bn¬ hmbv s]mØmsX Npa-bv°p-Ibpw XpΩp-Ibpw s]mXpÿe-ß-fn¬ Imdn-Øp∏p-I-bp-sams° sNøp-tºm-gmWv. ASn-°Sn D≠m-Ip∂ CØcw Akp-J-߃ Ip´n-Iƒ°pw amXm-]n-Xm°ƒ°pw D≠m-°p∂ _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ Gsd-bmWv. NnIn-’n-°p-hm-\p≈ t¢iw, ]W-Nn-ehv, kabw, {]bmkw, acp-∂p-Iƒ, {]hrØn Zn\-ß-fpsS \jvSw F∂n-ßs\ t]mIp∂p Ah. Hmtcm XhWbpw NnIn’ Ign-bptºmƒ hni-∏n-√m-bva t]mj-W-°p-dhv XpS-ßnb ]m¿iz-^-e-ßfpw Ip´nIƒ A\p-`-hn-°m-dp≠v. 2009¬ H1N1 BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ hym]\w D≠m-b-t∏mƒ tcmK-∏-I¿® XS-bm-\p≈ Hcp {][m-\a - m¿§-ambn Btcm-Ky-hI - p∏v {]N-cn-∏n-®Xv Npa-bv°ptºmgpw XpΩp-tºmgpw Xqhme D]-tbm-Kn®v aq°pw hmbpw aqS-W-sa-∂mWv. ]ecpw CXv H1N1\v am{X-am-bp≈ {]Xn-tcm-[-am¿§-am-bmWv ImWp-∂Xv. am{X-a√ Nne-sc-¶nepw CØ-cØ - n-ep≈ s]cp-am‰ Xncp-Øe - ns\ Hcp sshtZinI/BwK-teb kwkv°m-c-Øns‚ A\p-I-c-W-am-sW∂v ]p—n®p X≈pIbpw sNøp∂p. CXv H´pw icn-b√. ¢m v apdn-Iƒ, kn\nam ime-Iƒ, _kv, s{Sbn≥ XpS-ßnb Xnc-t°-dnb CS-ß-fn¬ {]tXy-In®v Pe-tZmjw,

35


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

G

]\n, £bw, \yptam-Wnb, I^-sI´v XpS- ß n- b h thK- Ø n¬ ]S- c p∂p. ta¬∏-d™ ioe-߃ A\p-h¿Øn°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w s]mXp ÿe-ßfn¬ Imdn-Øp-∏p-∂Xpw Hgn-hm-°n-bm¬ CØcw tcmK-ßsf ^e-{]-Z-ambn XSbp-hm≥ km[n°pw. "sNm´-bnse ioew NpS-e-hsc" F∂m-Wt√m. AXn-\m¬ ta¬∏-d™ Btcm- K y- i o- e - ß ƒ {]o˛ss{]adn apX¬ πkv Sp hsc-bp≈ Ip´n-I-fn¬ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-t°-≠-XmWv. KpW-]-camb kz`m-ha - m‰w D≈ Hcp Xe-ap-dsb hm¿sØ-Sp-t°≠ ISa \ap-s°-√mt]¿°pw D≠v. kv°qƒ Akw-ªn-Ifnepw ¢mkv apdn-I-fnepw A≤ym-]Icpw hoSp-I-fn¬ amXm-]n-Xm-°fpw CØcw \√ ioe-߃ hf¿Øn-sbSp-°m≥ {ian-t°-≠X - mWv. A]q¿∆-amsb-¶nepw ]e apXn¿∂-hcpw CØcw \√ ioe-߃ ]men-°p-∂-Xn¬ hnapJX ImWn-°p∂p F∂Xv tJZ-I-camWv. kaq-l-Øn\v {lkz-Im-em-Snÿm-\-Ønepw Zo¿L-Im-em-Sn-ÿm-\Ønepw Hcp henb Btcm-Ky-t\´w ssIh-cn-°m-hp∂ Hcp KpWm-flI - a - mb ioe-am-‰-amWv CXv. AXn-\m¬ Xt±i kzbw-`-cWw, Btcm-Kyw, hnZym-`ym kw XpS-ßnb hIp-∏p-Iƒ hgn \S-∏nem-°p∂ t_m[-hX - ° v c - W t{]mP-ISv pI-fn¬ C°mcyw IqSn Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm≥ ap≥ssI FSp-t°-≠-XmWv. a‰v hnjb-߃ kw_-‘n® Ah-tem-I-\-ßfnepw t_m[- h - X v ° - c W ¢mkp- I fnepw Ipd®p ka-b-sa-¶nepw izmktImi kw_-‘-amb tcmK-߃ ]Icm-Xn-cn-°p-hm-\p≈ ap≥I-cp-X-ep-I-sf∏‰n Bh¿Øn®v t_m[-h-Xv°-cWw \S-tØ-≠Xv A\n-hm-c-y-amWv. teJ-I≥ Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw P\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ H1N1 t\mU¬ Hm^o-kdpw ]oUn-bm-{Sn-jy\pam-Wv.

36

XmWv \ΩpsS Iev]-hr£w? ae-bm-fn°v kwi-b-an√. sXßp Xs∂. At∏mƒ πmthm? AXv as‰mcp Iev]hr£w. hr£-an-{X-amb Ih-bn{Xn kpK-X-Ip-amcn Dd-∏n®p ]d-bp∂p: "F√m hn[-Ønepw Hcp Iev]h - r-£a - mWv πmhv. A\p-{K-lh - ¿jw sNmcnbp∂ Cu alm-hr£w \ap°v `£Ww am{X-a√, acp∂pw Imen-Øo‰bpw XSnbpw hndIpw Ce-If - p-sa-√m-sa√mw Xcp∂p. CXn-\∏ - p-da - mbn ]£nIƒ°v IqSp-Iq-´m\pw hb-dp-\n-dsb `£n-°m-\p-ap-≈-sX√mw Cu hr£w Xcp∂p.' "πmhv' F∂ io¿j-I-Øn¬ sI.B¿. Pb≥ Fgp-Xnb ]pkvX-IØns‚ apJ-hp-c-bn¬ πmhn-s\-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ih-bn{Xn hmNm-ebm-hp∂p. "N° ]gp-°p-tºmƒ Bscm-s°-bmWv AX-t\z-jn®p hcp-∂Xv? a\pjy¿ am{X-a√, AÆm\pw Im°bpw Infnbpw h∆mepw ac-∏-´nbpw F√mhcpw B cpNnbpw a[p-chpw tXSn HmSn-sb-Øp∂p. πmhv F√m-h¿°pw hmcn-t°mcn th≠-sX√mw \¬Ip∂p.' Ipfncpw XWp∏pw XWepw IÆn\v ]®∏pw hb-dn\v Blm-chpw hndIpw hoSp-]-Wn-°p≈ XSnbpw InS-°m≥ I´nepw Fgp-Xm≥ taibpw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ Cu DØ-ah - r-£w ]t£ icn°pw tIc-fo-b\ - mtWm F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v C\n {]k-‡n-bp-s≠∂v tXm∂p-∂n√. ImcWw πmhpw N°bpw A{X-tbsd ae-bm-fn-bpsS a\- nepw Pohn-X-Ønepw Blmc ioe-ßf - n¬ Aen™p tN¿∂n-cn-°p∂p. B[p-\nI PohnX ssien-bn¬ ]t£ N° Ah-KW - n-°s - ∏-´n-cn-°p∂p F∂ Xncn-®-dn-hmWv πmhns\ ho´p-h-f-∏n-te°pw N°sb Xo≥ta-i-bnte°pw Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-h-cm-\p≈ Hcp Iq´w "{]IrXn `£-W-{]nb'cpsS \qX\ DZy-a-Øn\v t{]c-W-bm-bXv. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv Pq¨ 4 apX¬ 6 hsc I\-I-°p∂v sIm´m-c-Øn¬ \S-°p∂ tZiob N°-a-tlm-’hw Hcp ]pXnb `£ym-h-t_m-[-Øn\v \mµn Ipdn-°p-sa-∂mWv kwLm-S-I-cpsS {]Xymi. N° {]mtZ-inI `£ykpc-£bv°v "N° {]mtZ-inI `£y kpc-£-bpsS Xmt°m¬' F∂-XmWv tZiob N° atlm-’-h-Øns‚ e£y-hmIyw; tZiob inev]-im-e-bpsS apJy-{]ta-bhpw. tIc-f-Ønepw C¥y-bnepw am{X-a√, _w•m-tZiv, ^nen-ss∏≥kv, {ioe¶, Xmbve‚ v, Nne B{^n-°≥ cmPy-߃, hnb‰v\mw F∂n-hn-S-ßfn-sems° {]mtZ-inI `£y-kp-c-£-bn¬ \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn apJy-]¶phln®n-cp∂ ]g-amWv N°. "Nt°w amtßw aq amkw' F∂ Hcp sNm√p-X-s∂-bp≠v ae-bm-fØ - n¬. Ipd-™Xv aq∂p amkw ]´n- W n- a m- ‰ m≥ CXp c≠pw aXn F∂ [z\n Cu ]gsam-gn-bn-ep≠v. ]´nWn am‰m≥ am{X-a√, t]mjI KpW-ta-dnb `£- W - Ø n- e qsS BtcmKyw h¿[n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X nepw N°bv°p≈ {]m[m\yw At\Iw Kth-jW - ß - f - n-eqsS sXfn-™n´p≠v. Kth-jW ]co-£-W-ßfn-eqsS Xncn-®-dn™ N°-amlmflyw hni-I-e\w sNøp∂ inev]-im-e-bmWv Cu atlm’-h-Ønse Hcp apJy C\w. N° sshhn[yw ^e-h¿§-ß-fn¬ G‰hpw henb ]g-amWv N°. sshhn[y- Ø n¬ F∂pw ap∂n¬ \nev°p∂ C\w. \q‰n-Fg - p-]X - ne-[nIw C\w N°-Iƒ CXn\Iw Xncn-®-dn™v tcJ-s∏-SpØn- b n- ´ p≠v . hen∏w, \ndw, sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv APnXv shÆn-bq¿

tZiob N° atlm-’hw cpNn, aWw, KpWw, cq]w F∂n-ßs\ ]e Xc-Øn-emWv Cu sshhn[yw. cmPy-Øn-\-IØpw ]pdØpw e`yamb N°-I-fpsS sshhn[yw {]Z¿i\-Øn-eqsS Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m-\p≈ ]cn{i-aØ - n-emWv N° atlm-’h - Ø - ns‚ kwLm-S-I¿. N°-I-fpsS am{X-a√, N°-sIm-≠p≈ Dev]-∂-ß-fp-sSbpw sshhn-[yhpw Cu tZiob kwcw`Øn¬ A\m-h-cWw sNøpw. {]Z¿i-\ß - f - n-eq-sSbpw ]mNI ]cnio-e-\-ß-fneq-sSbpw N° Dev]-∂-ßfpsS hn`-hs - sh-hn[yw {]N-cn-∏n-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ hb-\m-´nse Ddhv F∂ kwL-S\ \msS-ºm-Sp-ap≈ kam\ kwcw-`-I-cp-ambn tN¿∂v N°-bpsS cpNn-ssh-hn[yw Cu atlm-’h - Ø - n¬ A\p-`h - t- h-Zy-am-°p∂p. CubnsS Xncph-\-¥-]pcw Pn√-bnse im¥n{Kmw F∂ kwL-S-\-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬

N°-∏-g-Øns‚ t]mj-I-aqeyw 100 {Kman\v t]mj-I-߃ N°-∏gw N°-°pcp amwkyw ({Kmw) 1.3˛1.9 6.6 sImgp∏v ({Kmw) 0.1-˛0.3 0.4 A∂Pw ({Kmw) 18.9-˛25.4 38.4 \mcv ({Kmw) 1-˛1.1 1.5 Im¬kyw (an.{Kmw) 22 0.05˛0.55 t^mkv^d- kv (an.{Kmw) 38 0.13˛-0.23 hn‰m-an≥ F (sF.bp) 540 \bm-kn≥ (an.{Kmw) 4 AkvtIm¿_nIv BknUv 8-˛10 sabv 2011

2011 Pq¨ 4 ap-X¬ 6 hsc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw I-\-I-°p-∂v sIm-´m-cØn¬

\S-Ønb Hcp ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ Adp-]-Xn-tesd hn`-h-ß-fmWv Hcp-°nbXv. enwI _p°v Hm^v sdt°m¿Uv kn¬ CSw ]nSn® Xrss°-s]‰ N° D’-h-Øns‚ inev]n-Iƒ Cu kwcw`- Ø nepw N°- b psS cpNn- b p- ’ - h Øn\v Np°m≥ ]nSn-°p∂p.. ^mÃv ^pUv kwkv°m-cm-[n-\n-thi-Øn-s\-Xnsc "A∂w' KpUv ^pUv aqhvsa‚n\v ap≥ssI-sb-SpØ knk ˛ sk‚¿ t^m¿ Cs∂m-th-j≥ C≥ kb≥kv B‚ v tkmjy¬ kb≥kv BWv {]Z¿i-\-Øn-eqsS N°-bpsS \nd-°m-gvNI - ƒ k∂n-th-in-∏n-°p-∂Xv. N°-bpsS temI-tØ°v Hcp Nn{X-Pm-eIw πmhv, N° sshhn-[y-Øn-te°pw AXns‚ D]-tbm-K-ta-∑-I-fn-te°pw Nn{X- P meIw Xpd- ° p∂ tZiob t^mt´m {]Z¿i-\-amWv as‰mcp apJy-

C\w. tZiob t^mt´m-{Km^n a’-cØn-te°v e`n® Nn{X-߃, \nc-h[n cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂v tiJ-cn® t^mt´mIfpw hnh-c-W-ßfpw, t]mÃ-dp-Iƒ, ]pkvX-I-߃ F∂n-hbpw ChnsS AWn-\n-c°pw. temI ]cn-ÿnXn Zn\-amb Pq¨ 5\v \m´n≥]p-d-ß-fnepw \K-c-ß-fnepw πmhv h®p-]n-Sn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v Cu kwcw`-Øn¬ AWn-tN-cm≥ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`cW ÿm]-\-ßfpw apt∂m´p h∂n´p≠v. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw \K-c-k-`bpw Pn√m-]© - m-bØpw Cu kwcw-`Ø - nse kl-kw-Lm-S-I-cmbn ap≥\n-c-bn¬ Xs∂-bp≠v. tIcf {Kma-]-©m-bØv At m-kn-tb-j≥ CXp kw_-‘n®v F√m ]©m-bØ - p-Iƒ°pw k¿°p-e¿ Ab-®p-I-gn™p. \K-c-k`m tab¿ BWv kwLm-S-I-k-anXn sNb¿t]gvk¨; Pn√m-]-©m-bØv {]kn-U‚v

temI-]-cn-ÿnXn Zn\w: ]©m-b-Øp-I-fn¬ πmhv \´v sFIy-Zm¿Vyw Cs°m-√sØ temI-]c - n-ÿnXn Zn\w tIc-fØ - nse ]©m-bØ - p-Iƒ BNcn-°p-∂Xv πmhn≥ ssXIƒ \´p-sIm≠v. ]c-am-h[n s]mXp-ÿ-e-ß-fnepw kzImcy ]d-ºp-Ifnepw πmhv \´v {]mtZ-inI `£y-kp-c£ - b - v°p≈ DZy-aØn¬ ]¶m-fn-If - m-IW - s - a∂v Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØv \S-°p∂ tZiob N° atlm’-hØ - n\v sFIy-Zm¿Vyw {]Jym-]n®v tIcf {Kma ]©m-bØv Atkm-kntb-j ≥ {]kn-U‚ v ]n.Sn.amXyp A`y¿∞n®p. Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw Pn√m ]©m- n¬ πmhv bØpw Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw \K-ck - `- bpw Pq¨ 5\v ]c-am-h[n ÿe-ßf \´pw \So¬ hkvXp-°ƒ \evInbpw ]cn-ÿnXn Zn\m-Nc - Ww sImgp-∏n-°m≥ \K-ck - `- bpw Pn√m ]©m-bØpw ap≥ssI-sb-Sp-Øn-´p≠v.

37


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

"\≥¶'bpt≠m \nßsS \m´n¬?

ßsS \m´n¬ "\≥¶'bpt≠m? apdn Cw•o-jn¬ ^nen-∏ot\m kplr Øv tdmWn-bpsS IuXpIw Ie¿∂ tNmZyw. "sk_p' Zzo]nse tXm´-Øn¬ I ≠ t]c-bv°bpw koX-∏-ghpw ]e-X cw t\{¥-∏g - ß - fpw Rß-fpsS \m´n¬ kpe-`-am-sW∂v Rm≥ hoºp ]d-™t∏m- g m- b n- c p∂p DØcw ap´n® B tNmZyw. "\≥¶?' AXns‚ Cw•ojv t]cv tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ DØcw ap´n-bXv tdm Wn°v. Htc-°-dn-e-[nIw hcp∂ ]dºns‚ at‰ A‰w hsc Iq´n-s°m-≠pt]mbn tdmWn "\≥¶' Im´n-Ø∂p. "ssZhsa CXv N°-bt√?' AdnbmsX Rm≥ ae-bm-f-Øn¬ ]pe-ºnt∏mbn. "hm´v, N°?" tdmWn°v IuXpIw h¿[n®p. t]cp- I ƒ XΩn¬ F¥v kmayw! ]n∂sØ Ac-a-Wn-°q¿ A tX-°p-dn-®mbn N¿®. "XKm-temKn'¬ (^nen-ss∏≥kv `mj) Abmƒ AsXgp-Xn-°m-Wn®p; Cw•o-jnepw˛"Nangka'

]nt‰∂v kq∏¿am¿°-‰n¬ t]mbt∏mƒ tdmWn Fs∂ `£y-h-kvXp-°fpsS Hcp aqe-bn-te°v Iq´n-s°m-≠pt]mbn. CsX√mw "\m≥I' sIm≠p≈ hn`-h-ß-fmWv. F√mw FIvkvt]m¿´v Izmfn‰n. s]m≈p∂ hne. hntZ-in-IfmWv {][m\ D]-t`m-‡m-°ƒ. ChnsS CsX√mw hoSp-If - n¬ Xs∂ D≠m-°mdp≠v. IuXp-I-tØmsS Rm≥ ItÆmSn®p. \mev ] - X n- e - [ nIw C\- ß ƒ˛ AXn¬ N°-hc - ´- n-bp≠v, N°-b∏ - hpw, N°-∏-gw-sIm-≠p≈ DÆn-b-∏-ap≠v. Pmw, A®m¿, h‰¬, tkm^v‰v {Un¶v, ]mbkw, sdUn˛‰p˛Cu‰v N°-∏gw (Ip cphpw Nhn-Wn-bp-sa√mw \o°n hrØnbm-°n-bXv) anTmbn, l¬h, _Pn, ISv e‰v, ]∏Sw, tkmkv, kvIzmjv, ssh≥, sP√n anIvkvN¿ F∂n-ßs\ Fs¥ ¥p hn`-h-߃! ^nen-ss∏≥kn¬ hnt\m-Z-k-©mcn-If - psS ]dp-Zo-kb - mWv "sk_p'. 1993 ¬ ^nen-ss∏≥kn¬ Hcp amksØ ]T\-]-cy-S-\-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ sk_p-hn-seØn-b-t∏mƒ H∂p-IqSn F\n°p a\ n-embn ˛ AXv "\≥¶'bptSbpw ]dpZo-k-bmWv. 2002¬ aq∂mw XhW ^nen-ss∏≥ kv kµ¿in-®t- ∏mƒ BXn-tYb s^dnep-amw-t_mbpw tdmWnbpw Fs∂ k ¬°-cn-®Xv {_Upw "\≥¶'Pmapw tN ¿Øp≈ {]mX¬ X∂mWv. sshIn´v Nmb-bvs°m∏w \¶ ISve‰pw \≥¶tkmkpw. "shPn-t‰-dn-b-\m-b-Xn-\p≈ in£-bmWv' s^dn ]c-ky-am-bXv hnfºn-b-t∏mƒ Rm≥ ]d™p˛"CXv F \n°v in£-b√, kΩm-\-amWv. Fs‚ \m´n¬ Rm≥ Ign-®n-´n-√mØ N°

hn`hw'. 2002¬ Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv \S∂ "]rYn' BtKm-f-]-cn-ÿnXn ktΩ-f-\Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ s^dn h∂-t∏mƒ Rm≥ ]Icw ho´n-bXv ho´p-h-f-∏n¬ hnf™ hcn-°® - ° - ∏ - gw \evIn-bmWv. s^dn A¤pXw sIm≠v hnfn-®p-Iqhn: lu kzo‰v C‰v Cukv! C{X a[p-ca - p≈ N°-∏gw AXp-hsc Ah¿ Ign-®n-´n√s{X. aS-ßn-t∏m-b-tijw ^nen-ss∏≥ knse "\≥¶-]p-cmWw' AS-ßnb Hcp sI´v eLp-te-JI - ƒ F\n-°b - ® - p-X∂p. Ah-cpsS ]g-s©m-√p-I-fnepw IS-¶-YI-fnepw \mtSm-Sn-∏m-´p-I-fn-ep-sa√mw CSw ]nSn® "\≥¶' amlmflyw.

D]m-[y-£bpw. Iq´m-bva-bpsS IcpØv im¥n{Kmw F∂ k∂≤ kwLS\ CubnsS kwL-Sn-∏n® N°-hn-`h ]mNI ]cn-io-e-\-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ cq]wsIm≠ Bibw tZio-b-kw-cw-`-ambn hf¿∂-Xn-\p-]n-∂n¬, AXn-thKw cq]wsIm≠ Hcp h≥Iq-´m-bva-bpsS i‡nt{km-X - p≠v. kwÿm\ tlm¿´n-Iƒ N¿ anj≥ klm-b-l-kvX-hp-ambn ap t∂m-´p-h∂p. knk, klmbn, XW¬, an{X-\n-tI-X≥, AUntI ]{XnI, Imh ¬ XpSßn A\p-`hkº-Øp≈ kw L-S\ - I - ƒ kl-kw-Lm-SI - c - mbn. \_m

¿Uv, ssPh-ssh-hn[y t_m¿Uv, Irjnh-Ip∏v, Im¿jnI k¿∆-Ie - m-ime, aÆp kwc-£W hIp∏v, hn.F^v.]n.kn.sI, Irjn hn⁄m≥ tI{µ, ^mw tP¿WenÃv t^mdw, A{Kn-Iƒ®¿ Hm^otkgvkv At m-kn-tb-j≥, {^m‰v, hn Imkv A[y-b≥ tI{µ, {]IrXn NnIn ’m ÿm]-\ß - ƒ F∂n-ßs\ Ht´sd ÿm]-\ß - fpw kwL-S\ - I - fpw hy‡n -Ifpw AWn-tN¿∂p. πmhpw N°bpw ]T\˛Kth-jW˛{]Nm-cW hnj-b-amsb-SpØ kwL-S-\-I-tfbpw hy‡nItfbpw Hcp IpS-°o-gn¬ AWn-\n-cØ - m\p≈ ]cn-{i-a-amWv Ct∏mƒ \S-∂p-h-

cp-∂Xv. `£y-kp-c£ Hcp h≥ sh√p-hn-fnbmbn hf¿∂p hcp∂ Cu Ime-L-´Øn¬ imizX ]cn-lm-c-ambn sXfn ™p hcp-∂Xv {]mtZ-inI `£y-kp-c£-bpsS hgn-I-fmWv. AXn¬ Hcp k ºq¿Æm-lm-c-amb N°-bp-sSbpw Iev ]-hr-£-amb πmhn-t‚bpw ÿm\w A\-\y-as{X. Imew \sΩ \nc-¥cw H¿Ωn-∏n-°p∂p. "thW-sa-¶n¬ N° thcnepw Imbv°pw.'

\n

38

Ct∏mƒ "At{]m-sSIv Gjy' F ∂ ÿm]-\-Øns‚ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-dI - vS¿ Bb s^dn CubnsS F\n°-b® Hcp C˛sabn-en¬ ad-°msX Fgp-Xn-t®¿Øp: a\n-e-bnepw sk_phnepw ]wK-ko-\-\nepw Ct∏mƒ N° Kth-jW ÿm]-\-߃ D≠s{X, H Øncn FIvkvt]m¿´nMv Iº-\n-Ifpw.

teJ-I≥ sI.-F-kv.-bp.-Un.-]n-.bn¬ sF.-C.-kn. FIvkvs]¿´m-Wv.

sabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

a

tUm. acnb enk amXyp

g-°mew ssIsøØpw Zqc-sØØn. ag-s°-Sp-Xn-Iƒ he-bv°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ I¿j-I≥ Nne ap≥I-cp-X-ep-Iƒ FSp°Ww. agbpw XWp∏pw aqew tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm[tijn Ipdbp∂ hf¿ØarK-߃°v tcmK-߃ ]nSn-s]-Sm≥ km≤yX IqSp-X-emWv. ag-°m-e-Øn\v kz¥w Cu tcmK-߃ ag-°m-eØv hym]-I-am-Ip∂ Nne {]tXyI tcmK-ßfp≠v. AIn-Sp-ho°w, hnc-_m[, hb-dn-f°w, ]q∏¬ _m[, hnj-_m[, izmk-tImi tcmK-߃, B{¥mIvkv, Ipc-e-S∏≥ F∂n-h-bmWv Ah-bn¬ {][m\w. AIn-Sp-ho°w ag-aqew ÿnc-ambn sXmgp-Øn¬ \nev°p∂ ]ip, hrØn-bn-√mØ sXmgpØpw ]cn-k-chpw, s]m´n-s∏m-fn™ sXmgpØp Xd, Ch-sb√mw AInSpho°-Øn\v hgn-sbmcp°w. ta¬ hnh-cn® kml-Nc - y-߃ agbv°p apºp Xs∂ ]cn-lc - n-°Ww. Znh-tk\ AWp-\m-in-\n-sIm≠v sXmgpØv Igp-IWw. Idh Ign-™m-ep-S≥ ape-°mºv t]mhn-tUm¨ sFUn≥ emb-\n-bn¬ ap°Ww (Povidone iodine). hnc- _ m[ hnc-If - psS ap´ hncn-bm≥ A\p-Iqe kml-Ncyw Hcp°pw ag-°mew. hnc _m[n-®m¬ I∂p-Imen saenbpw, ]mepev]m-Z\w KWy-ambn Ipdbpw. hnc-Iƒ ]e Xc-ap≠v. GXv Ah-b-hsØ _m[n-°p∂p F∂-X-\p-k-cn®v e£-W-߃ ImWn°pw. hb-‰nepw IpS-enepw Xº-Sn-°p∂ hnc-Iƒ Zl \w XS- s - ∏-SpØpw. tNmc Ie¿∂ hb-dn-f-°hpw hni-∏n√m-bva-bp-amhpw e£Ww. izmk-tIm-isØ _m[n-®m¬ hn´p-am-dmØ Npabpw ]\nbpw {ItaW \yptam-Wn-bbpw Bhpw ^ew. Ic-fns\ _m[n-®m¬ hni-∏n-√m-bvabpw saen®n-ep-amIpw e£-Wß - ƒ. Nne hnc-Iƒ c‡w IpSn-°p∂ apdnhv I´n-bm-hn√. c‡w Hgp-In-t°m-t≠-bn-cn°pw. CXv hnf¿®bv°v Imc-W-amIpw. ag-°mew XpS-ßp-tºmƒ I∂p-Im-en-Isf \n›-b-ambpw hnc-bn-f-°Ww. hb-dn-f°w ]pXp-a-g-bn¬ B¿Øp hf-cp∂ ]p√pw If-Ifpw cpNntbmsS sh´n hngpßpw I∂p-Im-en-Iƒ. ^ew hb-dn-f°w. ]p√v Xte-Zn-hkw sh´n-h®v hmSn-bnt´m, ]p√pw sshbv t°mepw tN¿Øv tbmPn-∏nt®m \¬In-bm¬ hb-dn-f°w \nb-{¥n-°m-\mhpw. ]q∏¬_m[ ag-°m-eØv Imen-Øo-‰bpw ]nÆm°pw sshbvt°mepw ]q∏¬ ]nSn-°m-\p≈ km≤yX hfsc IqSp-X-emWv. ]q∏en¬ \n∂v amcI hnj-amb A^vfmtSmbn≥ D≠mIpw. IqSnb Af-hn¬ hnj_m[-tb-‰m¬ {]I-S-amb e£-Wsabv 2011

ß-tfmsS acWw kw`-hn°pw. hnd-b¬, h´wNp‰¬, ImgvN°p-dhv, ]√p-ISn, hb-dn-f°w F∂n-h-bmWv e£-W-߃. sNdnb Af-hn¬ ]q∏¬ hnjw Znh-k-ß-tfmfw `£-WØn-eqsS D≈n¬s®-∂p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂m¬ tcmK-e£ - W - ß - ƒ BgvN-I-tfmfw \ofpw. hni-∏n-√mbva, DW-ßnb aq°v, ]√pISn F∂n-h-bmWv e£-W-߃. {ItaW hnjw Ic-fnt\bpw, hr°-tbbpw _m[n°pw. ]mep-ev]m-Z\w \nebv °pw. {]Xn-tcm-[t- ijn \jvSs - ∏´v a‰p tcmK-߃ ]nSn-s]Spw. {]Xy-£-Øn¬ ]q∏¬ _m[n® Xo‰tbm, sshbvt°m tem, a‰m-lm-ctam \¬Im≥ ]mSn√. ]p¬sØm´n Znh-tk\ hrØn-bm-°p-Ibpw thWw. Imen-Øo‰ \¬Ip∂ ]m{Xhpw F∂pw Igp-IWw. \\™ ssIsIm≠v Nm°n¬ \n∂pw Xo‰ FSp-°-cpXv. Xo‰ FSp-Ø-Xn-\p-tijw Nm°v sI´n-hbv°Ww. Xo‰-®m-°p-Iƒ XWp-∏-Sn-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ ]e-I-∏pdØv `nØn-bn¬ ap´msX hbv°Ww. izmk-tImi tcmK-߃ agbpw XWp∏pw hoin-b-Sn-°p∂ Im‰pw Npa, ]\n, aqs°m-en∏v, izmk-XS- w, \yptam-Wnb F∂n-ßs\ izmktImi kw_-‘-amb ]e tcmK-߃°pw Imc-W-amIpw. Bh-iy-amb kwc-£Ww \¬Ip-∂X - n\v {i≤n-°Ww. IpSn°m≥ sNdp-Nq-Sp-sh≈w \¬Ip-∂Xv hfsc \√-XmWv. tcmK-e-£-W-߃ I≠m¬ XpS-°-Øn¬Xs∂ NnIn’ \¬IWw. hnj-_m[ th\-en¬ apc-Sn®p \nev°p∂ hnj-s®-Sn-Iƒ ag XpSßp-tºmƒ Xg®p hfcpw. CXv Xn∂m-\n-S-bm-bm¬ ImenIƒ°v hnj-_m-[bpw ac-Whpw kw`-hn°pw. I∂p-Im-enIƒ tabp∂ ]d-ºn¬ hnj-s®-Sn-I-fn-s√∂v Dd-∏m-°Ww. apßn-a-cWw ]pg-bp-sStbm Ipf-Øn-s‚tbm Ic-bn¬ sI´p∂ I∂pIm-en-Iƒ Xn´ CSnt™m, sh≈-s∏m°w sImt≠m apßn®mImw. Fs√m-Sn-bp-Itbm, ]cn°p ]‰p-Itbm sNømw. DS-a-bpsS A{i-≤-bmWv CXn\p ImcWw. CSn-an-∂¬ CSn-an-∂-te¬°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ Bh-iy-amb ap≥I-cp-X-epIƒ kzoI-cn-°Ww. AS-∏m≥, Ipc-e-S-∏≥, ªm°v Izm¿´¿, Fen-∏\n agbpw sh≈-s∏m-°hpw ]e ]I¿®hym[n-If - p-tSbpw tcm Km-Wp-°sf ]I¿Øpw. IpSn-°m≥ ip≤-Pew \¬IWw. ªo ®nwKv ]uU-dn´v Pew ip≤o-I-cn°mw. AS-∏m≥, Ipc-e-S-∏ ≥, ªm°v Izm¿´¿ F∂o tcmK-߃°v {]Xn-tcm[ IpØnh-bvs∏-Sp-∏n-°Ww. AXym-hiyw ap≥I-cp-X-ep-Iƒ Ds≠¶n¬ Cu ag-°mew {]iv\-c-ln-X-ambn IS-∂p-t]mIpw. te-JnI ]me-°mSv Pn√-bn¬ arK-kw-c-£W B^o-k-dm-bn-cp-∂p.

39


]©m-b-Øv cmPv ]c-ºc ˛ 25

tX™p am™p t]mIp∂ {KmaoW samgn-ap-Øp-Iƒ

{Kma \∑-If- n-te-bv°p≈ Xncn-®p-t]m°v C∂v BtKm-fm-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Nn¥m-hn-jb - a- mWv. AXv {]IrXn-bn-tebv°pw a\p-jy-\n-te-bv°p-ap≈ bm{X IqSn-bmWv. Ime-Øns‚ {]hm-lØ - n¬ D]-t`mK XrjvWbp-tSbpw {]IrXn Nqj-WØ - n-s‚bpw hgn-bn-emWv a\p-jy≥ apt∂‰w A[n-Ihpw \S-Øn-bXv. AXv k¿∆\m-iØ - ns‚ ]Sn-hm-Xn-en¬ \sΩ FØn®p. temI-Øns‚ ]e tImWp-If- n¬ A‘-Im-cØ - n¬ sNdnb Nne Zo]-߃ t]mse, ]cn-{i-aß - ƒ XpSßn ˛ - Xncn®p hc-hn-\mbn. AXns‚ ]cn-WX - ^ - e- a- m-bn-cp∂p {KmaoW Im¿jnI hn⁄m-\Ø - ns‚ Xncn-®p-hc- hv. tIc-fØ - nepw ]e tImWp-If- n-embn AXn-\p≈ {ia-߃ \S°p-∂p≠v. AØ-cs- amcp At_m[ {]h¿Ø-\Ø - ns‚ ^e-amWv {Kmao-Whpw Im¿jn-Ih - p-amb kw⁄- Ø - n-\m-bp≈ {iaw. CsXmcp XpS°w am{X-amWv ˛ F¶nepw km¿∞-Ia- mb XpS°w. apc-fo-[-c≥ Xg-°c I-fpsS kam-lc- W

""Hcp sh‰ne \qdp-tX®p \o X∂mep ao˛ Xncp-hm-Xnc \mhv Xmw_q-e-{]n-bbt√m?'' F∂v lrZy-a[ - p-ca - mbn Pohn-Xt- {]a t{]c-Ia - mbn Xmw_qe-sØ-°p-dn®v Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂Xv sshtem-∏n≈n {io[-ctam-t\m-\mWv. At±lw Xs∂ \mepw Iq´n apdp-°n-bncn°p-∂-Xns‚ kmbm” a[p-csØ IpSn-sbm-gn-°-en¬ ]dbp-∂p≠v. ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS X\Xv el-cn-I-fn¬ H∂mbn-cp∂p sh‰n-e-ap-dp°v. C≥Uy-bn-emsI AXp-s≠-¶nepw \ap°v X\-Xmb Nne coXn-Iƒ AXn-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Km¿lnI kZ- p-I-fn¬ AwKo-Ir-X-amb H∂v. kulr-ZØn\p \nZm-\a - m-Ip∂ H∂v. kv{XoIƒ°pw ]pcp-j∑ - m¿°pw H∂p-t]mse ]¶p-sh-bv°m-hp-∂Xv. {]mb-t`Zw Xosc-bn√msX D]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂Xv. AXn-t\mSv A\p-_-‘-ambn sh‰n-e-s®√w, Ic-≠Iw, tImfmºn, sh‰n-e-Ø´w XpSßnb hkvXp-°ƒ. BI-∏msS Hcp taf- a mWv sh‰ne apdp°v. ]e-Xcw

sh‰n-e-Iƒ, ]e-Xcw ]m°p-Iƒ, ]e-Xcw ]pI-bne, hmk\ NpÆmºv Dƒs∏sS ]e-Xcw NpÆm-ºp-Iƒ! ]pcm-X\ sshZy-imkv{Xw Ch-bpsS Huj-[-Kp-Whpw Is≠Øn. Xmw_qew F∂m¬ sh‰n-ebpw AS-°bpw tN¿∂-Xm-sW∂v Nne ]fin-X-∑m¿ ]d-bp∂p. Nne¿ sh‰ne F∂p am{Xhpw. \mK-h√n F∂pw sh‰n-ebv°v ]cym-b-ap≠v. \mK-tem-IØp \n∂pw sIm≠p-h-∂-XmWs{X! hmX-Øn\pw, I^-Øn\pw Iran \mi-Øn\pw Zp¿K‘ \nhm-c-W-Øn\pw sh‰ne \√-Xm-sW∂v ]d-bs∏-Sp∂p. hZ-\Ø - n\v B`-cW - a - mWv F∂pw ]dbpw. sh‰ne apdp-°n-®p-h∂ Np≠v kuµ-cy-Øns‚ AS-bm-f-ambn ]≠v I≠n-cp∂p. a\- ns\ Be-ky-Øn-em-gvØp-∂Xpw Bk‡nsb D≠m-°p-∂-Xp-amWv sh‰ne F∂pw \ΩpsS ImcW-h-∑m¿ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v. sh‰ne apdp-°p-ambn _‘s∏´ hm°p-Ifpw {]tbm-K-ß-fp-amWv Cu e°w samgn-apØp-Iƒ.

apdp-°m≥ sh‰ne, ]m°v, ]pI-bne, NpÆmºv Ch \mepw Iq´n hmbn-en´v Nh-bv°p-∂X - n-\mWv apdp-°m≥ apdp-°pI F∂v ]d-bpI. \mepw Iq´n apdp-°pI F∂v ]d-bm-dp-≠t√m. \m´p-sam-gn-bn¬ HmWm-´p-Ic {]tZ-iØv apdp-°m\v "sht‰bm≥' F∂pw ]d-bp∂p.

apdp-°m≥ IS

40

\m´n≥]p-d-ß-fnse \m¬°-h-e-I-fn¬ k¿∆km-[m-c-W-am-bn-cp∂ amS-°-S-I-sf-bmWv apdp°m≥ IS-sb∂pw ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv. apJy-ambpw apdp-°m-\mWv Chn-SpsØ {][m\ I®-hSw. \mep-Im-en¬ Dd-∏n-®n-´p-≈Xpw \nc-∏-e-II-fp≈-Xp-amb Gdp-am-S-am-WnXv. Gdp-am-S-Øn\v ap∂n-embn Cd°n sI´n-bn-´p≈ Hcp X´n-Ibpw AXn\pXmsg amS-tØmSv tN¿∂v Hcp Ukv°pw D≠mIpw. CXn¬ _oUn-s∏´n, anTmbn `c-Wn-Iƒ, sh≈w \nd® IpSw, tkmUm-s∏´n, NpÆmºv ]m{Xw F∂nh sh®n-´p-≠mIpw. ]≠v A¥n t\csabv 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv an° Ic-≠-Ihpw. ]nØ-ftbm HmtSm sIm≠p-≠m-°n-bh - b - m-bn-cp∂p Ch-bnte-sdbpw. Ic-≠I - Ø - n-\p-≈n¬ \n∂pw NpÆmºv tXm≠n-sb-Sp-°m≥ ]mIØn¬ Hcp sNdnb tImcn-Ibpw Ic-≠I-tØm-sSm∏w LSn-∏n-®n-cn°pw.

ß-fn¬ Bfp-Iƒ H∂n®p IqSp-∂Xv apdp-°m≥ IS-I-fn-emWv.

t]cv kqNn-∏n-°pw-t]mse Xs∂ ]m°v sh´p-∂-Xn\pw \pdp-°p-∂-Xn-\pap≈ Hcp eLp D]-Ic - Ww. apdp-°m≥ IS-I-fn¬ ]m°p-sh-´p-∂-Xn\pw ]pIbne Acn-bp-∂-Xn-\p-ap≈ Hcp ]eI IjvW-Øn¬ Dd-∏n® kmam\yw hen∏-ap≈ ]m°p-sh-´n-bmWv D]-tbm-Kn°p-∂Xv.

SmsX InS°pw. CXn\v sh≈-Øn-en´ ]ms°-∂mWv ]d-bpI. CSn-I√pw Ipg-hnbpw ]√n-√mØ apØ-»≥am¿°pw apØ»n-am¿°pw apdp-°m≥ CSn-I-√n-en´v CSn®v \¬Ip- I - b mWv sNøp- ∂ Xv . CXn-\mbn Icn-¶-√p-sIm-≠p≈ "CSnI√pw Ipg-hnbpw' {]mb-am-b-h-cp≈ hoSp-I-fn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. ]≠v Imc-Wh- ∑ m¿°v CSn- I - √ n- e n´v apdp- ° m≥ CSn®p \¬Ip- ∂ Xv BZ- c - ] q¿∆w sNøp∂ Hcp tPmen-bm-bn-cp∂p. Ipd®p- \ mƒ apdp- ° m≥ CSn®p Ign- b ptºmƒ CSn-I-√ns‚ Ipgn-bp≈ `mKw Nph-∂p-X-s∂-bn-cn°pw.

apdp-°m≥ sN√w

]pI-bne

elcn apdp-°m≥

sh‰bpw ]m°pw ]pI- b n- e bpw NpÆm-ºp-sa√mw kq£n-°p∂ ]m{XØn-\mWv apdp-°m≥ sN√w F∂p ]dbpI. ]≠v kaq-l-Ønse kº-∂cpw cmPm-°-∑mcpw a‰pw bm{X t]mIptºmƒ apdp-°m≥ sN√hpw tImfmºnbpw FSpØv A\p-K-an-°p-∂-Xn\mbn hmey-°msc \ntbm-Kn-°p-am-bncp∂p. hnhn[ BIr-Xn-bnepw hen-∏Øn-ep-ap≈ apdp-°m≥ sN√w D≠mbn-cp∂p. ]nØ-f-sI´n Nn{X-∏-Wn-ItfmSp IqSn-bh - bpw D≠m-bn-cp∂p. c≠ph-iØpw ]n≈ apdn-It- fmSp IqSnb XSnsIm-≠p≈ apdp-°m≥ s]´nbpw D≠mbn-cp∂p.

apdp-°m\v el-cn-tb-Ip∂ LSIw ]pI-bn-e-bmWv. Pm∏mWw ]pI-bne hfsc {]kn- ≤ - a m- W t√m. tIc- f Øns‚ hS-°≥ Pn√-I-fn¬ {]tXyIn®v Imk¿tKmUv Pn√-bn¬ ]pI-bne Irjn sNøp-∂p≠v. ]pI-bne \t∂ sNdp-Xmbn Acn™v kpK-‘-h-kvXp°fpw teiw ]©-kmc ]mhpw a‰pw tN¿Øn-f°n Acn™ ]pI-bn-e-bp≠m°pw. Acn™ ]pI-bne Iq´n apdp°p- ∂ - X n\v Gsd Xmev ] - c y- a p≈ apdp°v ioe-°m¿ hf-sc-bmWv. ]m°v \mepw Iq´n apdp- ° p- t ºmƒ AXnse Hcp {][m\ LSIw ]m°v AYhm AS-bv°-bmWv. ]m°v ]nf ¿∂v ]pdsØ tNmdv Npc-≠n-°-f™v sNdnb Ijv W - ß - f m°n \pdp- ° nbmWv FSp-°p-∂Xv. apdp-°m-s\-Sp-°ptºmƒ \√ ]gp°m ]m°v Xs∂ Xncs™-Sp-°p-hm≥ apdp°v ioe-°m¿ {]tXyIw {i≤n-°m-dp≠v. ]gp-°m]m°v [mcm-f-am-bp≈ ka-bØv CXv henb sNºnepw Ip´p- I - Ø nepw Afim- h nepw C´v sh≈w \nd®v kq£n-®m¬ hf-sc-°mew tISp-Iq-

Hcp {]tXy-I-Xcw el-cntbm D∑Ø-Xtbm Dt±-in-®m-bn-cp-∂n√ \mepw Iq´n apdp-°n-bn-cp-∂Xv. C∂-X√ iw`p, ]m≥ ]cmKv, Xºm°v F∂n-ßs\ ]e t]cp-If - n¬ sNdnb ]m°-‰p-If - n¬ \nd®p-hc - p∂ elcn apdp-°m≥ ÿnc-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv `mhn-bn¬ Kpcp-X-camb BtcmKy {]iv\-߃°v Imc-WamIpw. Cu apdp-°m≥ hmbn-en´v Nhbv ° p- I - b √ adn®v Nndn- ° n- S - b nepw \m°n-\S- n-bnepw a‰pw IS-Øn-h®v D∑mZ-amb Hcp elcn A\p-`h - n-°p-Ib - mWv. Xosc sNdnb Ip´n-Iƒ t]mepw Cu elcn apdp-°m\v ASn-a-I-fmbn amdnbn-´p≠v. h≥tXm-Xn¬ sNe-hm-Ip-∂Xn-\m¬ Hcp henb hyh-km-b-ambn elcn apdp-°m≥ \n¿ΩmWw amdn-bncn-°p∂p.

]m°p-sh´n

tImfmºn apdp-°p-tºm-gp≈ G‰hpw {][m\ {]iv\w apdp°n Xp∏pI F∂-XmWv. apdp°n Ign-™m¬ Hcp ÿe-Im-et_m-[hpw IqSmsX Ahn-sSbpw ChnsS-bp-sa√mw Xp∏p-Ibpw apdp-°m≥ N≠n Xp∏n-°-f-bp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-hcp≠v . H´pw Btcm- K y- I - c - a - √ mØ coXnbpw ioe-hp-am-WnXv. _ v Ãm‚pIƒ, sdbn¬th tÃj-\p-Iƒ, k¿ °m¿ Bip- ] - { Xn- I ƒ XpS- ß nb s]mXp-ÿ-e-ß-sf√mw apdp°n Xp∏n hrØn-lo-\-am-°p-∂Xv \mw ImWm-dp≠t√m? Cßs\ sNøm-Xn-cn-°p-hm≥ apdp°n Xp∏p-∂-Xn-\mbn tImfmºn D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂p. HmSv, ]nØf, Aepan-\nbw F∂nh sIms≠√mw tImfmºn-bp-≠m-°n-bn-cp∂p. Cu tImfm-ºntbmSv GI-tZi kmayw D≈-Xn-\memWv D®- ` m- j n- W n°v "tImfmºn ssa°v' F∂v ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv.

Ic-≠Iw NpÆmºv \nd- ® p- s h- b v ° p- ∂ - X n\mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ Hcp Nnan-gmWv Ic-≠Iw. ]e hen-∏hpw BIr-Xn-bpap≈ Ic-≠Iw D≠v. AS®p kq£n°-Ø-°-hn[w AS-t∏m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-XmWv sabv 2011

sh‰-®≠n \mepw Iq´n apdp°n Ign-™m¬ hmbn¬ Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ `mK-amWv N≠n. sh‰bpw ]m°pw NpÆmºpw \∂mbn Nh®p Ign-bp-tºmƒ Aev]am- { X- a m- b nt´ Ah- t i- j n°q. sh‰ N≠n-bpsS \√ `mKw ]pI-bn-e-bm-bncn°pw.

sh‰m´n ]mSØpw ]d-ºnepw ]Wn-sb-Sp°p∂ I¿j-Is - Øm-gn-emfn kv{XoIƒ sh‰bpw ]m°pw ]pI- b n- e bpw NpÆmºpw a‰pw kq£n-°p∂ XgsIm≠p s\bvsX-Sp-°p∂ Hcp Xcw sNdnb s]gvkv BWv sh‰m´n. "sh‰h´n' F∂mWv icn-bmb {]tbmKw. I¿j-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-I-fpsS kwkm-c`m-j-bn-eqsS AXv {ItaW "sh‰m´n' F∂mbn amdn. ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-tºmƒ CXv Ffn-bn¬ XncpIn shbv°p-IbmWv ]Xnhv. (XpS-cpw) teJ-I≥ Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw BIm-i-hm-Wn-bn¬ t{]m{Kmw FIvkn-Iyq-´o-hmWv

41


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

A[n-Im-ch - n-tI-{µo-Ic- Ww: tIcfw tZiob ]pc-kvImcw G‰p-hmßn

]ptcm-K-a-t\m-∑p-J-ambn h¿≤n® tXmXn¬ -A[n-Imc ssIam‰w \SØn ]©m-b-Øo-cmPv kwhn-[m\w \S-∏m°n hcp-∂-Xn-\v tIc-fØn\v e`n® tZiob ]pc-kvImcw G{]n¬ 24\v tZiob ]©m-bØocmPv Zn\-Øn¬, \yqZn√n-bn¬ \S-∂ NS-ßn¬ {][m-\ -a{¥n a≥tam-l≥kn-Mv Xt±-i-k-z-bw-`-cW hIp-∏p-a{¥n ]mtemfn apl-Ω-ZvIp´n°v kΩm-\n-°p-∂p. tI{µ {Kma-hn-I-k\ hIp-∏p-a{¥n hnem-kvdmhp tZivapJv kao]w.

Be∏pg ]©mbØv sU]yq´n UbdIvSdm^okn¬ {^≠v B^okv

"{]Xn-]£ t\Xmhv ' ]Zhn°v \nba-km-[p-X-bn√ Xt±- i - k zbw`- c W ÿm- ] - \ - ß - f n¬ {]Xn- ] £ t\Xmhv F∂ ]Z-hn°v \nb-a-km-[pX C√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ GsX-¶n-epw AwKØn\v B \ne-bn¬ {]tXyI kuIcytam B\p-Iq-ey-ßtfm A\p-h-Zn-°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂pw AØcw GsX-¶nepw {]tXyI kuI-cyßtfm B\pIq-ey-ßtfm \¬Ip-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ Ah DS-\Sn \n¿Øem-°-W-sa∂v k¿°m¿ \n¿t±-in-®p. CX-\p-k-cn®v Xt±i-kz-bw-`c - W ÿm]-\Ø - nse sk{I-´d - n-am¿ Bh-iy-amb \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°-Ww.

sImbvØv saXn-b-{¥-߃ bYm-k-abw A‰-Ip-‰-∏Wn \SØn kwc-£n-°-Ww Xt±- i - ` - c Wÿm- ] - \ - ß - f psS DS- a - ÿ - X - b n- e p≈ sImbvØv saXn-b-{¥-߃ bYm-k-abw A‰-Ip-‰-∏Wn Be∏pg ]©mbØv sU]yq´n UbdIvSdm^okn¬ \SØn kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃ {^≠v B^okv kwhn[m\w Bcw`n®p. ]©mbØv sU th≠{X {i≤ sNep- t Ø- ≠ - X m- s W∂v k¿°m¿ ]yq´n UbdIvS¿ sI.]n.km_p {^≠v B^okv DZvLm \n¿t±iw \¬In. Hmtcm kokWn\v apºmbn Bhiyw S\w sNbvXp. ]©mbØv Akn v UbdIvS¿ sI. th≠ A‰-Ip-‰-∏-Wn-Iƒ \SØn b{¥-߃ D]-tbm-KcmPh¿Ω Xºm≥, s]¿t^ma≥kv BUn‰v kq∏¿ssh tbm-Ky-am-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. A‰-Ip-‰-∏Wn \S-Øp∂Xn\v k¿am¿, Pn√bnse {Kma]©mbØv sk{I´dnam¿, sabn‚\≥kv, P\-d¬ ]¿∏-kv, X\Xv ^≠p-Iƒ hn\n]©mbØv sU]yq´n UbdIvSdm^oknse Poh\°m¿ tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. (k¿°p-e¿ \w.22312/Un.-F.2/ F∂nh¿ k∂nlnXcmbncp∂p. 2011/Xkz-`-h, XobXn 11.05.2011) Xt±-i-kzbw`-cW hIp-∏p-ambn _‘-s∏´ k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hp-Iƒ, k¿°p-e-dp-Iƒ, Kk‰v hn⁄m-]-\-߃ F∂n-h-bpsS ]q¿Æ-cq]w www.lsg.kerala.gov.in -sh_vssk‰n¬ e`y-am-Wv.

42

Edited and Published by K.R. Muraleedharan IAS, Director of Panchayats, Govt. of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 033 sabv 2011 and Printed for GLM at Akshara Offset, Thiruvananthapuram.


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

{Km-a \-K-c `-c-W-Øn-s‚ t\¿-°m-gvN - I - f- p-am-bn

te-J-\߃  -am-XrIIƒ  A-\p-`h߃ 

  

-^o-®-dpIƒ A-h-tem-I\߃ hm¿ØIƒ

hm-bn-°p-I h-cn-°m-cm-Ip-I ]cky \nc-°v Xp-I

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hm¿jn-I h-cn-kw-Jy : 120 cq-] Un-am‚ v {Um-^v-‰m-tbm, a-Wn-Hm¿-U-dmtbm A-b-bv-°pI.

hn-emkw:

F-Un‰¿ / ]-©mb-Øv U-b-d-IvS¿, ]©m-b-Øv cm-Pv amknI ]-©mb-Øv U-b-d-IvS-td‰v, ayq-kn-bw ]n.H., Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw˛695033

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Reg. No. KL/TV(N) 391/2009-11 License No. KL/TV(N) WPP-85/2009-11

44

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