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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]©mbØv cmPv 5

6

D≈S°w

P\phcn 2011

FUn-‰-dp-sS t]Pv

ap≥- ap-Jy-a{¥n sI. I-cp-Wm-Ic\v BZcm-Rv-P-en-Iƒ...

tIc-f-Øn¬ \K-c-ß-fnepw C\n sXmgn¬ Dd∏v ]mtemfn apl-Ω-ZvIp´n

10

Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßfpw tkmjy¬ HmUn‰pw tUm. F_n- tPm¿Pv

20 lcn-X

-k-ºZvhyh-ÿbpw \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnI-k-\hpw hn. kp`mjv N{µ-t_mkv tUm. B¿. A\n¬Ip-am¿

22 A[n-Imc

hntI-{µo-I-cW N¿®mthZn-bn¬ \n∂v

12

tUm.- tPmbv Cf-a¨

BXp-c-ip-{iqjm cwKØv sa®-s∏´ tkh-\-hp-ambn tZiob {KmaoW BtcmKy ZuXyw

32 Rm≥ I≠ U¬ln

tdmbv Nmt°m CfaÆq¿

35 ssPh-Nn-¥-bpsS APnXv shÆn-bq¿

kv^penw-K-߃

kuc`v Pbn≥ sF.-F.-Fkv

24

Hm^okv s]mXp-ÿm-]\ ipNn-Xz Imº-bn≥

]©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆okv

16

s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ym-khpw k¿∆in£ A`n-bm\pw

26

D-Z-b-`m-\p I-t≠Øv

tUm. sI.-hn. Ip™n-Ir-jvW≥

19

_n.]n.F¬ enÃn¬ 32.29 e£w IpSpw_߃ ]©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆okv

P\phcn 2011

]pXn-b A-°u-≠nw-Kv coXn {]m-tbmKn-I ]-cnN-bw t\Smw

30

P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS AhImißfpw NpaXeIfpw DØchmZnØßfpw sI. hnt\mZv Ipam¿

38 Huj[

hr£-߃°pw ]pg-Iƒ°pw kwc-£Ww kn.-F≥. _me-Ir-jvW≥

40 tX™p am™p t]mIp∂ {KmaoW samgn-ap-Øp-Iƒ apc-fo-[-c≥ Xg-°c

41 AΩ-sØm-´n¬ (IhnX) KoXΩ F.Fw

42 hm¿Ø-Iƒ hn-tij߃ 3


]©m-b-Øv cmPv Bsf-s°m√n IoS-\m-in\n \ntcm-[n-°Ww Unkw-_¿ e°w ]©m-bØv cmPv amkn-I-bn¬ F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ apJy hnj-b-ambn sImSp-ØXv hfsc \∂mbn. ka-Im-enI tIcfw N¿®-sN-ø-s∏Sp∂ {]iv\a - mWv Imk¿tKmUv Pn√n¬ F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ hnX-bv°p∂ sISpXn-Iƒ. Cu Bsf-s°m√n IoS-\m-in\n \ntcm-[n-t°-≠Xv A\n-hm-cy-amWv. F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ F∂ IoS-\m-in-\n-bpsS D¬∏m-Z-\-sØ-°p-dn®pw AXns‚ ]m¿iz-^-e-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw AXv P\-ß-fn¬ D≠m-°p∂ BtcmKy {]iv\-ßsf-°p-dn®pw D≈ teJ\w Adnhp \¬Ip-∂-XmWv. aWn-I-WvT≥, ]m∏-\w-tImSvv

C˛am-en-\y- ß - ƒ: Kuc-ha- mbn ImWWw `oXn-P-\-I-amb coXn-bn¬ h¿≤n®p hcp∂ C˛amen-\y-ß-fpsS ssIIm-cysØ-∏‰n Unkw-_¿ e°w amkn-Ibn¬ Fw. Zneo-]vIp-am¿ Fgp-Xnb teJ\w ]pXnb Adnhv \¬Ip-∂Xm-bn-cp-∂p. C∂v \K-c˛- {- Kma hyXym-ka - n-√msX C˛amen\y-߃ hym]-I-am-Wv. AXns‚ Zqjy-h-i-ßfpw Ah krjvSn-°p∂ ]mcn-ÿnXnI {]iv\-ßfpw Kuc-h-tØmsS ImtW-≠-Xm-Wv. Cu sshInb thf-bn¬ Ah \n¿Ωm¿÷\w sNøp-hm-\p≈ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ {]mtZ-inI k¿°m-cp-Iƒ kzoIcn-°-Ww. CØcw Adnhp \¬Ip∂ teJ-\-߃ C\nbpw {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. kp\n¬tPm¨, sImSp-ß-√q¿

`h\ \n¿ΩmWw: tImì tkm¨ amt\-Pvsa‚n\v At]£ \¬IWw Xoc-tZi ]cn-]m-e\ \nb-{¥W taJ-e-bn¬s∏´ Xt±i-`-cW ÿm]\-ß-fnse `h\ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\p≈ At]£-Iƒ tImì tkm¨ amt\-Pvsa‚ns‚ {i≤-bn¬s∏SpØn A\p-hmZw hmßp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ _‘-s∏´ Xt±-i-`cW ÿm]\w ASn-b-¥-c-ambn ssIs°m-≈-Wsa∂v Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp∏v a{¥n ]mtemfn apl-ΩZvIp´n \n¿t±-in®p. Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØv ]©m-bØv `h-\n¬ \S∂ Xoc-tZi ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnse {]kn-U‚p-am-cp-tSbpw sk{I-´-dn-am-cp-tSbpw tbmK-ß-fn¬ ]s¶-SpØv kwkm-cn°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p At±lw. tIc-f-Øns‚ {]tX-yI kmlN-cy-w IW-°n-se-SpØv Nne am‰-߃°v CRZ A[n-Ir-X¿ Xøm-dm-bn-´p≠v. AXp ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn\v `h\ \n¿ΩmW ]≤-Xn-bn¬ Dƒs∏´ Xoc-tZ-i-]-cn-[n- Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØv ]©m-bØv `h-\n¬ \S∂ Xoc-tZi ]©m-bØ - pbn¬ hcp∂ \n¿Ωm-W-ß-fp-sS kvsI®v Dƒs°m-≈n-®p- I-fnse {]kn-U‚p-am-cp-tSbpw sk{I-´-dn-am-cp-tSbpw tbmKØn¬ - zsIm- ≠ p≈ semt°- j ≥ πm≥, 4.11.2010 se 67370/ Xt±i kz-bw-`c- W hIp∏v a{¥n ]mtemfn apl-ΩZ- vIp´n, Xt±-ik bw-`c - W hIp∏v AUo-jW - ¬ No^v sk{I-´dn Fkv.Fw. hnP-bmB¿.F.1/2010/Xkz-`h \w]¿ k¿°p-e-dn¬ \njv°¿jn- \µv, ]©m-bØv Ub-dI - Sv ¿ sI.B¿. apc-fo-[c - ≥, a{¥n-bpsS ss{]h‰v ®n-´p≈ hnh-c-߃ Dƒs∏-SpØn tImì tkm¨ amt\- sk{I-´dn s{]m^. ]n.sI. cho-{µ≥ F∂n-h¿ thZn-bn¬. Pvsa‚ v AtXm-dn-‰n°v Ab-®p-sIm-Sp-°-Ww. CXp ka-b_-‘n-Xa - mbn ]q¿Øn-bm-°W - s - a∂pw a{¥n Adn-bn®p. Xt±-ik - z-bw-`c - W hIp∏v AUo-jW - ¬ No^v sk{I-´dn Fkv.Fw. hnP-bm-\µv, ]©m-bØv Ub-d-IvS¿ sI.B¿. apc-fo-[-c≥, No^v Su¨πm-\¿ Cu∏≥ hdp-§okv, a{¥n-bpsS ss{]h‰v sk{I-´dn s{]m^. ]n.sI. cho-{µ≥ F∂n-hcpw NS-ßn¬ ]s¶-SpØp.

sI´nS \º¿: Ime-Xmakw Hgn-hm-°m≥ AZm-eØv \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Øo-I-cn® hoSp-Iƒ°pw sI´n-S-߃°pw \º¿ \¬Ip-∂-Xn\v Ime-Xm-akw D≠m-Ip-∂-Xmbpw Nne sI´n-S-߃°v Xt±i kzbw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fnse sk{I-´-dn-am¿ sI´n-S-\-º¿ \nkmc Imc-W-ß-fm¬ \ntj-[n-°p-∂Xmbpw ]cmXn e`n-®-Xns‚ ASn-ÿm--\-Øn¬ k¿°m¿ Xe-Øn¬ AZm-eØv kwL-Sn--∏n-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n®p. \nb-am-\pkrXw \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-b-Xn\p tijhpw sI´nS \º¿ e`n--°m-Ø-h¿ P\p-hcn 15 \v apºv hni-Z-amb tc-J-Iƒ klnXw At]£ ka¿-∏n-°-Ww. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw, Fd-Wm-Ip-fw, tImgnt°mSv Pn√-I-fnep≈-h¿ \K-c-{Km-am-kq-{XW hIp-∏ns‚ taJem Hm^o-kp-I-fnse ko\n-b¿ Su¨ πm\¿°pw a‰p Pn√-I-fn-ep-≈-h¿ Pn√m Su¨ πm\¿°pw a‰p Pn√-I-fn-ep-≈-h¿ Pn√m Su¨ πm\¿°p-amWv At]£ \¬tI-≠-Xv. AZm-e-Øp-Iƒ P\p-hcn 31\pw s^{_p-hcn A©n\pw at≤y Hmtcm Pn√-bnepw Xncs™SpØ ÿe-ß-fn¬ \S-Øpw. P\phcn 2011

4


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]©mbØv cmPv ]©m-bØv hIp∏v {]kn-≤o-I-cWw

P\phcn 2011 ]pkvXIw 50 e°w 10 hm¿jnI hcnkwJy:

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120

www.lsg.kerala.gov.in

D]tZiI kanXn sNb¿am≥

]mtemfn apl-ΩZvIp´n Xt±ikzbw`cW hIp∏v a{¥n AwK߃

Fkv.F - w. hnP-bm-\µv, sF.F.-Fkv. AUo-jW - ¬ No^v sk{I´dn, Xt±ikzbw`cWhIp∏v Fw.\-µI - p-am¿ sF.F.-Fkv. UbdIvS¿ C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]ªnIv dntej≥kv hIp∏v sI. \mcm-bW - ≥ {]kn-U‚v tIcf {Kma]©mbØv Atkmkntbj≥

kn.F-k.v _nPp sk{I´dn, {]kv ¢∫v, Xncph\¥]pcw

Pn. lcn-Ir-jvW≥ ]ªnkn‰n Hm^ok¿, ]©m-bØv hIp∏v I¨ho-\¿

sI. B¿. apc-fo-[c- ≥ sF.F.-Fkv. ]©mbØv UbdIvS¿

FUn-‰¿

sI. B¿. apc-fo-[c- ≥ sF.F.-Fkv.

e-mail: directorofpanchayat@gmail.com Ph: 0471-2323286

Akn v FUn-‰¿

Pn. lcn-Ir-jvW≥ e-mail: pub.off@gmail.com Ph: 0471-2321053

Ih¿ Unssk≥ & te Hu´v F._n.kn. I-f¿ kn-Ãwkv teJIcpsS A`n{]mbw k¿°mcnt‚Xmbncn°Wsa∂n√. AhbpsS ]q¿Æamb DØchmZnXzw teJI¿°v am{Xambncn°pw. ]c- k- y - ß - fpsS D≈- S- °- Ø nepw ]©m-bØvcmPn\v DØ-c-hm-Zn-X-z-an-√. ta¬hn- e mkw FUn-‰¿ ]©m-bØv cmPv amknI ]©m-bØv Ub-dI - vSt- d-‰v, ayq-knbw ]n.-H. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 695033.

P\phcn 2011

tkmjy¬ BUn-‰n\v kzX{¥ kwL-S\m kwhn-[m\w

X

t±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ kpXm-cyX Dd-∏ph-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ \n¿Æm-bI LS-I-amb tkmjy¬ BUn‰v hn]p-e-amb P\]-¶m-fn-Ø-tØmsS \S-Øp-∂-Xn\p th≠n-bp≈ kzX{¥ kwL-S\m kwhn[m\w kwÿm-\Øv \ne-hn¬ h∂n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. 2010˛-11 se _UvP‰v {]kwK-Øn¬ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ßsf P\-Io-b-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xn\v klm-bn-°p∂ Hcp tkmjy¬ BUn‰v sk¬ cq]o-I-cn°p-sa∂ [\-a{- ¥n-bpsS {]Jym-]\w CtXm-Sp-IqSn bmYm¿∞y-am-bn-cn-°p-Ib - mWv. {Kma-k-`m-X-e-Øn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p∂ tkmjy¬ BUn-‰ns\ klm-bn-°p∂-Xn-\mbn {Kma-]-©m-b-Øp-Xew apX¬ kwÿm\Xew hsc-bp≈ A©p kwhn-[m\-ß-fmWv cq]-h-Xv°-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp∏p a{¥n A≤y-£\ - m-bp≈ tkmjy¬ BUn‰v Iu¨kn¬, Iu¨kn-ens‚ am¿§-\n¿t±i-ß-f-\p-k-cn®v kwÿm-\-Øp-S-\o-f-ap≈ tkmjy¬ BUn‰v {]h¿Ø-\-߃ GtIm-]n-∏n®v \S-∏n¬ hcp-Øp∂ kwÿm\ tkmjy¬ BUn‰v sk¬, Pn√mX-e-Øn¬ alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xn-bpsS Hmw_pUvkvams‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ Pn√m tkmjy¬ BUn‰v sk¬, Pn√m sk√ns‚ {]h¿Ø-\ß - sf tªm°v, {Kma-]© - m-bØv Xe-Øn¬ FØn-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ Pn√m tkmjy¬ BUn‰v dntkmgvkv Sow, {Kma-k` - I - f - n¬ tkmjy¬ BUn‰v {]h¿Ø\-߃ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n-\p≈ {Kma-]© - m-bØ - p-Xe tkmjy¬ BUn‰v klmb-k-anXn F∂n-h-bmWv hnhn[ Xe-߃. kwÿm-\Øv h¿j-Øn¬ c≠v XhW {Kma-k-`-Iƒ tbmKw tN¿∂m-bncn°pw tkmjy¬ BUn‰v \S-ØpI. Hmtcm {Kma-]© - m-bØp hm¿Unepw BUn‰v \S-Øp∂ XobXn kwÿm-\-X-e-Øn¬ ap≥Iq´n {]kn-≤o-I-cn°pw. {Kma-k-`Isf tI{µo-Ic - n®p \S-Øp∂ BUn-‰n\p ]pdta Hcp {Kma-]© - m-bØ - nse F√m BUn‰pw ]q¿Øn-bm-°p∂ apdbv°v ]©m-b-Ønse P\-߃, P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nIƒ, DtZym-K-ÿ¿ XpS-ßn-b-hsc Dƒs∏-SpØn Hcp tkmjy¬ BUn‰v kwKahpw kwL-Sn-∏n-°pw. tkmjy¬ BUn-‰p-I-fn¬ \S-°p∂ P\-Iob hne-bn-cpØ-ep-Ifpw ]cn-lmc \S-]-Sn-Ifpw s]mXp tcJ-I-fm-bn-cn°pw. Ch Xt±-i-kzbw-`-cW hIp-∏n-s‚bpw {Kma-]-©m-b-Øn-s‚bpw BUn‰v sk√n-s‚bpw sh_vssk-‰n¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. hnI-k\ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS \oXn-]q¿∆-I-amb \S-Øn∏v Dd-∏p-h-cpØn `cW-L-S\ hn`m-h\w sNøp∂ kmaq-lnI \oXn-bn-e-[n-jvTn-X-amb kmº-ØnI hnI-k\w Dd-∏p-hc - p-Øp-∂X - n-\p≈ G‰hpw \√ D]m-[n-bmWv tkmjy¬ BUn‰v. ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏ns‚ KpW-\n-eh - mcw, KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ, KpWt`m‡r {]tZiw, ^e-{]m]vXn, [\-hn-\n-tbmKw, kmaq-ly-t\´w XpS-ßnb \nc-h[n hnj-b-߃ s]mXp-ka - qlw Xpd∂ N¿®-bn-eqsS hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂Xv s]mXp-ÿm-]\ - ß - ƒ°v P\-ßt- fm-Sp≈ DØ-ch - m-ZnXzw h¿≤n® tXmXn¬ \nd-th-‰p-∂X - n\v t{]c-Ia - mIpw. H∏w, hnI-k\w ]mh-s∏-´-h\p e`n-°p∂ HuZm-cy-a√, Ahs‚ Ah-Im-i-amWv F∂ t_m[w P\-߃°n-S-bn¬ hf¿Øp-∂-Xn\pw AXp klm-bn°pw. Xmsg-Ø-´nse Bkq{XW {]{In-bbv°v \nb-X-amb Hcp coXn k{º-Zmbw h - y-hÿ m-]n-Xa - m-°p-hm≥ Ign-™p-sh-∂X - mWv tIc-fØ - n¬ \S-∏n-em-°nb P\m[n-]Xy A[n-Im-chn-tI-{µo-I-c-W-Øns‚ Hcp {][m\ ta∑. Bkq-{X-WsØ XpS¿∂p≈ \n¿∆-lW L´-Ønepw Bg-Ønepw ]c-∏n-ep-ap≈ P\-Iob CSs]-S¬ D≠m-bm¬ am{Xta `c-W-Øn¬ ]c-am-h[n P\-]-¶m-fnØw Dd-∏m°pI-sb∂ A[n-Im-c-hn-tI{µo-I-c-W-Øns‚ BXy-¥nI e£yw ssIh-cn-°p∂-Xn\v km[n-°p-I-bp≈q. Cu Zni-bn-te-°p≈ t_m[-]q¿∆-amb {]h¿Ø-\ß-fmWv Ign™ Ipd®p h¿j-ß-fmbn kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ Gs‰-SpØv hcp∂Xv. AXns‚ `mK-am-bn-´p-IqSn thWw tkmjy¬ BUn‰v sk√ns‚ cq]-hXv°-c-WsØ t\m°n-°m-Wp-hm≥. kpk-÷-amb kwL-S\m kwhn-[m-\tØm-sSm∏w s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ {Inbm-flI CS-s]-S¬ IqSn D≠m-bm¬ am{Xsa tkmjy¬ BUn‰v ^e- { ]m]v X n t\Sp- I - b p≈q. AXn- \ p≈ Bflm¿∞amb {]h¿Ø\w Xt±-i`- c - W kmc-Yn-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠X - p≠v. tIcf-Øn¬ A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-cWw hyh-ÿm-]n-X-am-°p∂ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ Hcp \mgnI°√m-bn-cn°pw tkmjy¬ BUn‰v sk√ns‚ cq]-hX - v°c - Ww F∂Xv \nkvX¿°-amWv.

5


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Aø¶mfn \Kc sXmgnepd∏p ]≤Xn tIc-f-Øn¬ \K-c-ß-fnepw C\n sXmgn¬ Dd∏v 2006

]mtemfn apl-ΩZ - vIp´n Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp∏v a{¥n

6

sabv amkØn¬ A[nIm cta‰ CSXp]£ P\m[n]Xy ap∂Wn Kh¨sa‚mWv tI{µmhnjv I rX sXmgnepd∏v ]≤Xn kwÿm\Øv Imcy£aambn \SØp∂Xn\v \S]Sn kzoIcn®Xv. \nch[n ]cnanXnIƒ D≠mbncp∂psh¶nepw C¥y°msI amXrIbmbn sXmgnepd∏v ]≤Xn \S∏nem°m≥ \ap°v Ign™p. C¥ybpsS CXc kwÿm\ß fn¬ \n∂v hyXykvXambn ]≤Xn ]q¿ Æambpw ]©mbØpIfpsS DØchm ZnXzØnemWv \S°p∂Xv. CS\ne °mscbpw IcmdpImscbpw Hgnhm°n \SØn∏ns‚ NpaXe IpSpw_{io kwhn[m\sØbmWv G¬∏n®ncn °p∂Xv. AgnaXnclnXambpw IqSp X¬ kpXmcyambpw ]≤Xn \SØp ∂Xpw Iqen _m¶v A°u≠pIfn eqsS am{Xw \¬Ip∂Xpw tIcf Øns‚ {]tXyIXbmWv. sXmgnepd∏p ]≤Xn {Kmaßfn¬ am{Xw \S∏m°p∂Xn¬ Hcp \ymboI cWhpan√. AXn\m¬ Cu ]≤Xn \Kcßfnte°v IqSn hym]n∏n°W sa∂v tIcfw tI{µ Kh¨sa‚nt\mSv \nc¥cw Bhiys∏´p hcnIbmbn cp∂p. F∂m¬ Zmcn{ZysØbpw

sXmgnens\bpw \Kc{Kma hyXymk an√msX ImWWsa∂ tIcfØns‚ Bhiyw AwKoIcn°m≥ tI{µ Kh¨sa‚ v XømdmImØ kmlNcy ØnemWv kmaqly ]cnjvI¿Øm hmb Aø¶mfnbpsS \mat[bØn¬ kwÿm\Ønt‚Xmb sXmgnepd∏v ]≤Xn \S∏m°m≥ Kh¨sa‚ v Xocp am\n®Xv. tIcfØnse F√m tIm¿∏tdj \pIfnepw ap\nkn∏men‰nIfnepw Cu ]≤Xn \S∏mhpIbmWv. \Kc {]tZißfn¬ hkn°p∂ Hmtcm IpSpw_Ønsebpw AhnZKv≤ ImbnIm[zm\Øn\v Xømdp≈ {]mb ]q¿Ønbmb AwK߃°v Hcp kmº ØnI h¿jØn¬ Ipd™Xv \qdv Znh kw sXmgn¬ Dd∏m°pIbpw AXn eqsS 12500 cq]bpsS A[nI hcp am\w Dd∏m°pIbpamWv Aø¶mfn \Kc sXmgnepd∏p ]≤XnbpsS e£yw. \Kc{]tZißfn¬ hkn°p∂ Zp¿ _e IpSpw_߃°v a‰p XcØnse sXmgnepIƒ e`ya√mXncn°pIbpw sXmgn¬ Ipdhv hcp∂Xpamb Ah kcßfn¬ sXmgn¬ e`yam°p∂Xn \p≈ kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ ]≤Xnbm WnXv. \Kcßfn¬ hkn°p∂ Zcn{Z

P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

sXmgnepd∏p ]≤Xn {Kmaßfn¬ am{Xw \S∏m°p∂Xn¬ Hcp \ymboI cWhpan√. AXn\m¬ Cu ]≤Xn \Kcßfnte°pIqSn hym]n∏n°Wsa∂v tIcfw tI{µ Kh¨sa‚nt\mSv \nc¥cw Bhiys∏´p hcnIbmbncp∂p. F∂m¬ Zmcn{ZysØbpw sXmgnens\bpw \Kc{Kma hyXymkan√msX ImWWsa∂ tIcfØns‚ Bhiyw AwKoIcn°m≥ tI{µ Kh¨sa‚v XømdmImØ kmlNcyØnemWv kmaqly ]cnjv I ¿Ømhmb Aø¶mfnbpsS \mat[bØn¬ kwÿm\Ønt‚Xmb sXmgnepd∏v ]≤Xn \S∏m°m≥ Kh¨sa‚v Xocpam\n®Xv. IpSpw_߃°v ]≤XnbpsS `mK ambn \n¿Æbn°s∏´ kmaqlnI AhImi߃ kwc£n°s∏Sp∂p. \Kck`bn¬ cPnÿ sNøp∂ Hmtcm IpSpw_Øn\pw, DNnXamb At\zjW \S]SnIƒ ]q¿Ønbm °nb tijw 15 ZnhkØn\Iw sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv \¬Ip∂XmWv . sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv e`n® tijw, Im¿Un¬ t]cp≈ Hmtcm AwKØn\pw X߃°v sXmgnemhiyap≈ Ahkc ßfn¬ kzta[bm sXmgnen\mbn \Kck`bn¬ At]£ ka¿∏n°m hp∂XmWv. ]≤XnbpsS `mKambn sXmgn¬ e`yam°p∂Xn¬ h\nXI ƒ°v ap≥KW\ Dd∏m°pw. BsI e`yamIp∂ sXmgnehkcßfpsS 50% h\nXIƒ°mbncn°pw. sXmgnen\mbn ka¿∏n°p∂ At]£bv°v \Kck` Hm^okv XobXn h® ckoXv \¬Ip ∂XmWv. At]£Isc sXmgne\ph Zn®p sIm≠v tcJmaqew Adnbn°p Ibpw hnhcw \Kck` t\m´okv t_m¿ Un¬ {]kn≤s∏SpØp∂XpamWv . ]≤Xnbn¬ h\nXIƒ°pw ]pcpj∑m

P\phcn 2011

¿°pw Xpey Iqen°v A¿lXbp≠mbn cn°pw. sXmgnemfn°v ]Wn ÿeØv sh®v sXmgnens‚ `mKambn apdnhv/ A]ISw/AkpJw D≠mbm¬ Abm ƒ°v kuP\y saUn°¬ NnIn’ e`yam°p∂XmWv. sXmgne]ISß fpsS `mKambn Bip]{Xnbn¬ InSØn NnIn’ Bhiyambn hcp∂ L´ Øn¬ Bip]{Xnbn¬ A\phZ\ob amb IqenbpsS ]IpXnbn¬ IpdbmØ XpI ZnhkthX\ambn e`n°m≥ A¿lXbp≠v. Hcp sXmgnemfn ]Wn ÿeØv sh®v sXmgnens‚ `mKambn A]ISØn¬ ÿmbnbmbn hnIemwK \mhpItbm acWs∏SpItbm sNbv Xm¬ AbmfpsS \nbam\pkrX A\ ¥cmhIminIƒ°v A≥]-Xn-\m-bncw cq] FIvkvt{Kjy XpIbmbn e`n °p∂XmWv. Hcp sXmgn¬ ÿeØv sXmgnseSp°p∂htcmsSm∏w 6 hb  n¬ Xmsgbp≈ At©m AXne[n Itam Ip´nIƒ FØpIbmsW¶n¬ Ah¿°v s{Ijv kuIcyw Hcpt°≠ XmWv. DØchmZnØ]camb ]≤Xn \n¿∆lWw Dd∏m°p∂Xn\pth≠n

]cmXn ]cnlmc kwhn[m\w cq]s∏ SpØpw. ]≤XnbpsS `mKamb tcJ Ifpw IW°pIfpw s]mXptcJbmbn cn°pw. ]≤XnbpsS Imcy£aamb \SØn∏v Hm¨sse≥ amt\Pvsa‚ v C≥^¿taj≥ knÃØns‚ klmb tØmsS \n¿∆ln°pw. BtKmfh¬°cWw krjvSn°p∂ `oXnP\Iamb A¥co£Øn¬ ]mh s∏´hcpsS PohnXw C¥ybnse√m bnSØpw Zp lamIpIbmWv. s]mXp taJem hyhkmbhpw s]mXpP\m tcmKyhpw s]mXphnZym`ymkhpw henb `ojWn t\cnSp∂p. BtKmf h¬°cW ImeL´Øn¬ tI{µ Kh ¨sa‚n¬ \n∂pw CXc kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚pIfn¬ \n∂pw hyXykvX ambn P\ßfpsS t£aØnepw kwÿm\Øns‚ ]ptcmKXnbnepw Du∂n \n∂psIm≠p≈ Hcp _Z¬ `cWamWv CSXp]£ P\m[n]Xy ap∂Wn Kh¨sa‚ v P\ßfpsS ap≥ ]n¬ ImgvNshbv°p∂Xv. Cu ImgvN ∏mtSmsS thWw \Kc sXmgnepd∏p ]≤Xntbbpw hnebncptØ≠Xv.

7


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Aø-¶mfn \Kc sXmgn-ep-d∏v

e£yhpw {][m\ k e£yw \Kc {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ hkn-°p∂ Ahn-ZKv≤ Imbn-Im-[zm-\-Øn\v Xømdp≈ Hmtcm IpSpw-_Ø - n-sebpw {]mb ]q¿Øn-bmb AwK-߃°v Hcp kmºØnI h¿j-Øn¬ Ipd-™Xv \qdv Znhkw sXmgn¬ Dd-∏m-°p-Ibpw AXneqsS IpSpw-_ß - f - psS PohnX kpc£ Dd-∏m-°p-I-bp-amWv Aø-¶mfn \Kc sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤-Xn-bpsS e£yw. ]≤Xn {]tZiw tIc-f-Ønse F√m ap\n-kn-∏¬ tIm¿∏-td-j\ - p-Ifnepw ap\n-kn-∏m-en-‰nI-fn-ep-amWv ]≤Xn \S-∏n-em-°p-∂Xv. {][m\ khn-ti-jXIƒ  \K-c-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ hkn-°p∂ Zp¿_e IpSpw-_-߃°v a‰p-X-cØnse sXmgn-ep-Iƒ e`y-a-√m-Xncn-°p-Ibpw sXmgn¬ Ipdhv hcp∂-Xpamb Ah-kc - ß - f - n¬ sXmgn¬ e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ ]≤-Xn-bm-WnXv.  \K- c - ß - f n¬ hkn- ° p∂ Zcn{Z IpSpw-_-߃°v ]≤-Xn-bpsS `mKambn \n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏´ kmaq-lnI Ah- I m- i - ß ƒ kwc- £ n- ° - s ∏Sp∂p.  \K-c-k-`-bn¬ cPn-ÿ sNøp∂ Hmtcm IpSpw-_-Øn\pw DNn-X-amb At\z-jW \S-]S- n-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm°nb tijw 15 Znh-k-Øn-\Iw sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv \¬Ip-∂-XmWv.  sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv e`n- ® - t ijw, Im¿Un¬ t]cp≈ Hmtcm AwKØn\pw X߃°v sXmgn-em-h-iyap≈ Ah-k-c-ß-fn¬ kzta-[bm sXmgn- e n- \ mbn \K- c - k - ` - b n¬ At]£ ka¿∏n-°m-hp-∂-XmWv.  ]≤-Xn-bpsS `mK-ambn sXmgn¬ e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn¬ h\n-X-Iƒ°v ap≥K-W\ Dd-∏m°pw. BsI e`yam-°p∂ sXmgn-eh - k - c - ß - f - psS 50% h\n-X-Iƒ°m-bn-cn°pw.  sXmgn- e n- \ mbn ka¿∏n- ° p∂ At]-£bv°v \K-c-k` Hm^okv XobXn h® ckoXv \¬Ip- ∂ XmWv.

8

 At]-£-Isc sXmgn-e-\p-h-Zn-®p-

 \Kc IpSpw-_mw-K-ß-fn¬ Ahn-Z

sIm≠v tcJm-aqew Adn-bn-°pIbpw hnhcw \K-c-k`m t\m´okv t_m¿Un¬ {]kn-≤s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - pamWv.  ]≤-Xn-bn¬ h\n-X-Iƒ°pw ]pcpj≥am¿°pw Xpey-Iq-en°v A¿lX-bp-≠m-bn-cn°pw.  sXmgn-em-fn°v ]Wn ÿeØv h®v sXmgn-ens‚ `mK-ambn apdnhv/A]ISw/AkpJw D≠m-bm¬ Abm ƒ°v kuP-\y- sa-Un-°¬ NnIn’ e`y-am-°p-∂-XmWv.  sXmgn-e-]-I-S-ß-fpsS `mK-ambn Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ InSØn NnIn’ Bh-iy-ambn hcp∂ L´-Øn¬ Bip-]{- Xn-bn¬ InS-°p∂ A{Xbpw Znhkw sXmgn-em-fn°v ]≤-Xn-bn¬ A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amb Iqen-bpsS ]IpXn-bn¬ Ipd-bmØ XpI Znh-k-thX-\a - mbn e`n-°m≥ A¿l-Xb - p≠v.  Hcp sXmgn-emfn ]Wn-ÿ-eØv h®v sXmgn-ens‚ `mK-ambn A]I-S-Øn¬ ÿmbn-bmbn hnI-emwK- \ m- I p- I tbm ac- W - s ∏- S p- I tbm sNbvXm¬ Abm-fpsS \nbam-\p-krX A\-¥-c-hIm-in-Iƒ°v 50,000 cq] FIvkvt{Kjy XpI-bm bn e`n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.  Hcp sXmgn¬ ÿeØv sXmgn-seSp-°p-∂-h-tcm-sSm∏w 6 hb- n¬ Xmsg-bp≈ At©m AXn-e-[nItam Ip´n-Iƒ FØp-I-bm-sW¶n¬ Ah¿°v s{Ijv kuIcyw Hcp-t°-≠-XmWv.  DØ-ch - m-Zn-Ø] - c - a - mb ]≤Xn \n¿ ∆-lWw Dd-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n ]cmXn ]cn-lmc kwhn-[m\w cq]s∏-SpØpw.  ]≤-Xn-bpsS `mK-amb F√m tcJIfpw IW-°p-Ifpw s]mXp tcJbm-bn-cn°pw.  ]≤-Xn-bpsS Imcy-£-a-amb \SØn∏v Hm¨sse≥ amt\-Pvsa‚ v C≥^¿ta- j ≥ knÃ- Ø ns‚ klm-bt- ØmsS \n¿∆-ln-°s - ∏Spw. ]≤Xn {]Zm\w sNøp∂ Ah-Im-i-߃

Kv≤ Imbn-Im-[zm-\-Øn\v Xømdp≈ {]mb- ] q¿Øn- bmb AwK߃°v X߃ hkn-°p∂ \K-ck-`-bn¬ Cu ]≤-Xn-bn¬ sXmgnen-\p-th≠n cPn-ÿ sNøp-hm-\p≈ Ah-Im-ihpw sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv e`yam-Ip-hm-\p≈ Ah-Im-ihpw. sXmgn¬ Im¿Up≈ Hcp IpSpw-_Øn\v (sXmgn-en-\mbn At]-£n°p∂ AwK-߃°msI) kwÿm \ ]≤Xn klm-bt- ØmsS ]c-amh[n 100 Znhkw sXmgn¬ e`n-°p∂-Xn-\p≈ Ah-Imiw. ]≤-Xn-bn¬ cPn-ÿ sNø-s∏´ Hcmƒ°v sXmgn-en\v Unam‚ v sNbvXv \K-ck - `- b - n¬ At]£ ka¿∏n-°phm\pw XobXn h®v ckoXv e`n-°phm\pw At]£ XobXn apX¬ 15 Znh-kØ - n-\I - tam Abmƒ sXmgn¬ Bh- i y- s ∏- S p∂ Xob- X ntbm GXmWv c≠m- a Xv hcp- ∂ Xv {]kvXpX Znhkw apX¬ Abm ƒ°v sXmgn¬ e`y-am-Ip-hm-\p≈ Ah- I miw. 15 Znh- k - Ø n- \ Iw sXmgn¬ e`y-am-bn-s√-¶n¬ Abmƒ °v sXmgn-en-√mbvam thX\w e`n°p-hm-\p≈ Ah-Imiw. sXmgn-et- ]-£I - s‚ ho´n¬ \n∂pw ]c-am-h[n 5 In.ao. Np‰-fh - n-\p-≈n¬ Xs∂ sXmgn¬ e`y-am-°p-hm\pw F∂m¬ GsX-¶nepw Imc-WØ - m ¬ 5 In.ao. ]cn-[n-°∏ - p-dØv sXmgn¬ \¬tI≠n h∂m¬ 10% A[n-IIqen e`y-am-Ip-∂-Xn-\p≈ AhImiw. alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤-Xn-bn¬ Imem-Ime-ßf - n¬ \n›-bn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ AtX \nc°p {]Im-c-ap≈ Iqen Aø¶mfn \K-cs - Xm-gn-ep-d∏v ]≤-Xn-bn¬ e`y-am-Ip-hm-\p≈ Ah-Imiw. ]Wn- s b- S p- ° p∂ sXmgn- e m- f nIƒ°v Hmtcm BgvN-bnepw (]cam-h[n 14 Znh-k-Øn-\Iw) Iqen e`y-am-°p-∂X - n\pw Iqen e`y-am-°p∂-Xn\v 14 Znh-k-Øn-e[nIw ImeXm-akw h∂m¬ sXmgn-em-fn°v 1936 se thX-\-hn-X-cW \nbaw P\phcn 2011












]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]≤Xn

khn-ti-j-X-Ifpw (sk£≥ 4) {]Imcw \jvS-]-cnlmc XpI (Ccompensation for delayed payment) e`y- a m- I p- ∂ - X n\p≈ Ah-Imiw.  sXmgn¬ ÿeØv IpSn-sh≈w, hn{i-an-°p-hm-\p≈ sjUv, {]mYanI ipNnXz kuIcyw, {]Ya ip{iqjm In‰v F∂o kuI-cy߃ e`y- a m- I p- h m- \ p≈ AhImiw.  ]≤Xn kw_- ‘ n® GsXmcp hnh-chpw tcJbpw ]uc\v e`y-amIp-hm-\p≈ Ah-Imiw.  Hmtcm \K-c-k-`-bnepw AXmXv hm¿Up-k-`-I-fn¬ h®v {]hr-ØnIƒ sXc-s™-Sp-°p-hm-\p≈ AhImiw.  ]≤Xn \n¿∆-lWw hm¿Uv k`I-fn¬ tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n-ßn\v hnt[-b-am-°p-hm-\p≈ Ah-Imiw. ]¶m-fn-Iƒ : Npa-X-ebpw DØ-chm-Zn-Xzhpw Aø-¶mfn \Kc sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤Xn-bpsS ]¶m-fnIƒ NphsS ]d-bp-∂h-cm-bn-cn°pw.  sXmgn-e-t\z-j-I¿  hm¿Up-k`  \K-c-k-`-Iƒ (ap≥kn-∏¬ tIm¿∏td-j\ - p-Ifpw ap\n-kn-∏m-en-‰n-Ifpw)  Pn√m t{]m{Kmw tIm¿Un-t\-‰¿  alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤Xn kwÿm\ anj≥  kwÿm\ sXmgn- e p- d ∏v Iu¨ kn¬  kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ sXmgn-e-t\z-j-I¿ Cu ]≤-Xn-bpsS {]mY-anI ]¶mfn-Iƒ sXmgn-et- \z-jI - c - mWv. Ch-cpsS Ah-Im-iß - ƒ Xmsg ]d-bp-∂h - b - mWv.  sXmgn¬ cPn-kvt{S-j\v At]-£n°¬  sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv e`y-am-IpI.  sXmgn-en\v At]£ \¬I¬.  sXmgn-en-\p≈ Znh-k-ßfpw Imeb-fhpw sXc-s™-Sp-°¬. P\phcn 2011

 At]£ \¬In-bm¬ 15 Znh-kØ - n-

\Iw sXmgn¬ e`y-am-°¬, A{]Imcw sXmgn¬ e`y-am-bn-s√-¶n¬ sXmgn-en-√mbva thX\w e`n-°pI.  {]hrØn ÿeØv IpSn-sh≈w, hn{i-an-°p-hm≥, XW¬, {]mY-anI ipNnXz kuIcyw, {]mY- a nI ip{iqj, s{Ijv kuI-cy-߃.  aÿ tdmƒ ]cn-tim-[n-°p-hm\pw sXmgn¬ Im¿Un¬ sXmgn¬ sNbvX hnh-c-߃ tcJ-s∏-SpØn In´p-hm\pw.  sXmgn-se-SpØv ]c-am-h[n 14 Znhk-Øn-\Iw Iqen e`n-°p-hm\pw Xmakw t\cn-Sp∂ ]£w \jvS ]cn-lmcw e`n-°p-∂-Xn\pw. hm¿Uvk` : Ah-Im-i-ßfpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xzhpw  ]≤-Xn-bn¬ Gs‰-Sp-°m-hp∂ {]hrØn-Iƒ ip]m¿i sNø¬.  ]≤Xn \n¿∆-lW - Ø - ns‚ tkmjy¬ BUn‰v.  ]≤-Xnsb kw_-‘n-°p∂ hnh-c߃ P\- ß - f p- a mbn ]¶p- s h- b v °¬. \K-c-k-`-bpsS DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz߃  {]hr-Øn-I-fpsS Bkq-{XWw  sXmgn¬ cPn-kt v {S-j\ - p≈ At]£ kzoI-cn-°¬, ]cn-tim-[-\bpw cPnkvt{S-j\pw.  sXmgn¬ Im¿Uv hnX-cWw.  sXmgn-en-\p≈ At]£ kzoI-cn°epw XobXn h®v ckoXp \¬Iepw.  At]£ e`n®v 15 Znh-k-Øn-\p≈n¬ {]hrØn \¬I¬.  t{]mP-IvSp-Iƒ°v ka-b-_-‘n-Xambn `c-Wm-\p-a-Xnbpw kmt¶-XnIm-\p-aX - nbpw e`y-am-°n-sb-∂p-d∏ - m°¬.  {]hrØn \n¿∆-lWw.  sd°m¿Up-I-fpsS kq£n∏v.  tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n-\p-th≠n hm¿ Up-k-`-Iƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°¬.

 ]≤-Xn-bpsS \n¿∆-lWw, Znim-KXn

\nb-{¥Ww, hne-bn-cp-ج.  ]cmXn ]cn-lmcw.

Aø-¶mfn \Kc sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤Xn-bpsS Pn√m t{]m{Kmw tIm¿Un-t\‰¿ AXmXv Pn√-bnse Pn√m If-IvS¿ am-cm-bn-cn°pw. kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ Xe-Øn¬ ]≤-Xn-bpsS \n¿∆-lW ta¬t\m´ Npa-Xe Xt±-i-kzbw `cW hIp-∏n\m-bn-cn°pw. kwÿm\ Xe-Øn¬ ]≤-Xn-bpsS \n¿∆-lW Npa-Xe alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤Xn kwÿm\ anj-\m-bn-cn°pw. ]-©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆o-kv

9


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßfpw

tkmjy¬ HmUn‰pw tUm. F_n- tPm¿Pv

s]m

Xp- [ \w D]- t bm- K - s ∏SpØn hnI-k\ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \S∏n- e m- ° p- t ºmƒ AXn¬ Agn- a Xn D≠m-Im≥ ]mSn-√m-Ø-XmWv. ]t£, kaq-l-Øns‚ F√m taJ-e-bnepw F√m Xe-ß-fnepw Agn-aXn hym]-Iam-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Hcp kml-Ncyw C∂v s]mXp-k-aqlw t\cn-Sp-I-bmWv. Agn-aXn XS-bp-∂-Xn\pw \oXn-\ymbw Dd-∏m-°p-∂X - n\pw th≠n-bp≈ kwhn[m-\ß - ƒ t]mepw Agn-aX - n-bpsS ]nSnbn-em-hp-Ib - mtWm F∂p≈ ktµlw IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ i‡-am-bn-s°m≠n-cn-°p∂p. F√m taJ-e-I-fnepw Ah-ch - c - psS Xm¬]-cy-kw-c£ - W - Ø - n\m-bp≈ {ia-߃ IqSp-X¬ i‡-am°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. km[m-cW P\-߃ \n -lm-b-cmbn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmtWm. P\m-[n-]Xy-Øns‚ A¥-kØ Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ ÿm]-\-߃ Hs∂m∂mbn Zp¿_-e-am-Ip-tºmƒ i‡-amb P\- I ob CS- s ]- S ¬ Bh- i y- a mbn hcp∂p. CØcw CS-s]-Se - p-Iƒ°p≈ thZn-Ifpw Ah-k-c-ßfpw Ipd-™p-hcn-Itbm, \n¿ho-cy-am-I-s∏-Sp-Itbm sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - mWv. {Kma-k`-Iƒ P\-ß-fpsS Bi-b-ßfpw AhIm-i-ßfpw Dd-∏n-°p∂ thZn-bmbn amdWw F∂mWv hn`m-h\ sNbvXncn°p∂-X.v F¶nepw B e£y-Øn-te°v C\nbpw _lp-Zqcw t]mtI-≠-Xp≠v. Cusbmcp s]mXp ]›m-Ø-e-ØnemWv Xt±i kzbw-`c - W ÿm]-\ß-

10

fpsS apgp-h≥ {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw tkm jy¬ HmUn-‰n\p hnt[-ba - m-°p-∂X - n-\pth-≠n-bp≈ Hcp kwhn-[m\w \nehn¬ h∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv. 2010-- ---11 _P‰v {]kw-K-Øn¬, [\-Imcy a{¥n {]kv Xm-hn-®n-cp∂ ""kwÿm\ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v sk≥'' C°- g n- ™ - a mkw apX¬ \ne-hn¬ h∂n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. alm-flm-Km‘n sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤Xn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n\p hnt[- b - a mWv . tIc- f - Ø nse F√m ]©m-bØp hm¿Up-I-fnepw \S∂ sXmgn-ep-d∏p {]h¿Øn-Isf tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n\v hnt[-b-am-°n-bn-´p≠v. AXpsIm≠v s]mXp-P-\-߃ t\cn´v CSs∏´v sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ F√m tcJ-Ifpw ]cn-tim[n-°p-sa∂pw Dd-∏m-bn-°-gn-™n-´p≠v. AXn- e p- a p- ] cn s]mXp- P - \ - ß ƒ°v tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰ns‚ `mK-ambn sXmgnep-d∏p ]≤-Xn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ tcJIƒ ]cn-tim-[n-°m\pw {Kma-k` - I - f - n¬ AXn-s\-°p-dn®v A`n-{]mbw ]d-bm\pw Ah-Im-i-ap≠v F∂ t_m[yw IqSpX¬ IqSp-X¬ Bfp-Iƒ a\- n-em°n hcp∂p. C∏-d-™-Xns‚ A¿∞w sXmgn-epd∏p ]≤-Xn-bnse tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Ip‰-a‰- X - m-sW∂√. ]e-t∏mgpw th≠{X Ah-[m-\-X-tbm-sS-bp≈ ]cn-tim-[-\Iƒ tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰ns‚ `mK-am-bn´p-t]mepw \S-°p-∂n√ F∂Xv Hcp hmkvXhw Xs∂-bmWv. AXp-sIm-≠p-

Xs∂ sXmgn-ep-In-´m\pw FSpØ {]hrØn-If - psS Iqen-In-´m\pw XpS¿®-bmbn Ime-Xm-akw h∂n´pw AXns\ th≠ coXn-bn¬ ]pd-Øp-sIm≠p hcp-hm≥ tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n\p Ign-™n-´n√. sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v \n›n-Xa - mb AhIm-iß - f - p≠v F∂p \nbaw Dd-∏m-°ptºmƒ AXp ^o¬Up-Xe - Ø - n¬ \n¿∆l-WØ - n\p hnt[-ba - m-Ip∂ kml-Ncy-Øn¬ CØcw Ah-Im-i-߃ Dd∏m-°m≥ Ign-bmsX t]mIp∂p. F∂n-cp-∂mepw alm-flm-Km‘n sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤Xn {]h¿Ø-\-߃ IqSp-X¬ Imcy-£-ahpw kpXm-cy-hpambn \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂-Xn\v tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v kwhn-[m\w IqSp-X¬ i‡am-°p-∂-Xn\v Kh¨sa‚ v Xocp-am-\n®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. ]pXn-bX - mbn cq]o-Ic - n-®n-´p≈ Xt±i-kzbw`cW ÿm]-\ß - ƒ°p-th-≠nbp≈ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v sk√ns‚ {]h¿Ø\w BZy-L´- Ø - n¬ sXmgn-epd∏p ]≤Xn {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-emIpw {i≤ tI{µo-I-cn-°pI. c≠mw-L-´ambn Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßfpsS apgp-h≥ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sfbpw tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n\p hnt[-b-am°pw. kwÿm\ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Iu¨kn¬ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp∏v a{¥nbpsS A≤y-£-X-bn-ep≈ Hcp Iu¨ kn-en-\mWv tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰p-ambn _‘-s∏´ apgp-h≥ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsSbpw \b-cq-]o-Ic - W - Ø - n-s‚bpw ta¬ P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv t\m-´-Øn-s‚bpw Npa-Xe. CØ-c-Ønep≈ kwÿm\ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Iu¨knen¬ {Kma-hn-I-k-\ -I-Ωn-jW¿, ]©m-bØv Ub-d-IvS¿, \K-cImcy Ub-dI - vS¿, IpSpw-_{io FIvknIyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿, tÉv s]¿t^msa≥kv HmUn‰v Hm^o-k¿ F∂n-h¿ HutZym-KnI AwK-ßfpw Xt±-ik - z-bw`-cW {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´dn I¨ho\-dp-am-bn-cn°pw. {XnXe ]©m-bØ - n¬ \n∂pw \K-c-k-`-I-fn¬ \n∂p-ambn A©v P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ Cu Iu¨ kn-en¬ AwK-am-bn-cn°pw. cmP-ÿm\nse MKSS t]mse sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xnbpw tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰p-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ G¿s∏´n-cn-°p∂ k¿°m-cn-Xc kwL-S-\-IfpsS 2 {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ, tIc-f-Ønse kmaq-lnI kmwkvIm-cnI taJ-e-Ifn¬ hy‡n- a p{Z ]Xn- ∏ n- ® n- ´ p≈ \n£v ] - £ - a - X n- I - f mb 3 hninjv S hy‡n-Iƒ F∂n-hcpw Iu¨kn¬ AwK-ß-fm-bn-cn°pw. Cu AwKßsf k¿°m¿ \n¿t±-in-°p-∂-XmWv. Ch¿ cmjv{So-b-∏m¿´n-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø-I¿ BIm≥ ]mSn-√m-Ø-Xp-amWv. CØ-cØn¬ \ma-\n¿±iw sNø-s∏´ AwKß-fpsS Imem-h[n c≠p h¿j-am-bncn°pw. Pn√m tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Iu¨kn¬ sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤Xn {]h¿Ø-\ß ƒ Nn´-bmbpw KpWI-c-ambpw \S-°p ∂p F∂pd∏p hcp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw AXpambn _‘-s∏´ ^o¬Up-Xe {]iv\߃ ]cn-lc - n-°p-∂X - n-\pw- th≠n Pn√Iƒ tXmdpw Hmw_p-Uvkvams\ \nban- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ \S- ] - S n- { I- a - ß ƒ ]ptcm-K-an-°p-I-bmWv. Hmw_p-Uvkv am≥ kwhn-[m\w \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂tXmsS Pn√m tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Iu¨knepw cq]o-Ir-Xa - mIpw. Hmw_pUvka v m≥ Bbn-cn°pw Pn√m tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Iu¨kn-ens‚ A≤y-£≥. ADC (P\-d¬), c≠v s{]m^-jW - e - p-Iƒ F∂n-h¿ AS-ßp∂ Hcp {Kq∏m- b ncn°pw Pn√m Xe-Øn¬ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Nn´-bmbn \S°p∂p F∂v Dd-∏m-°p-∂Xv. Pn√m tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Iu¨ kn¬ AXmXp Pn√-I-fnse {XnXe ]©m-b-Øp-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\-߃ tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n\p hnt[-ba - m-°p-∂XmWv. CXn-\mbn Hmtcm Pn√-bnepw GI-tZiw ap∏tXmfw t]¿ Dƒs∏-Sp ∂ Hcp k∂≤ {]h¿Ø-I-cpsS Iq´mbvabpw cq]o-I-cn-°p-∂-XmWv. {Kma-Xe tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Sow Hmtcm {Kma- ] - © m- b - Ø n- t ebpw P\phcn 2011

]pXn-b-Xmbn cq]o-I-cn-®n-´p≈ Xt±-i-kzbw`cW ÿm]-\߃°p-th-≠n-bp≈ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v sk√ns‚ {]h¿Ø\w BZy-L-´-Øn¬ sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤Xn {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-emIpw {i≤ tI{µo-I-cn-°pI. c≠mw-L-´-ambn Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS apgp-h≥ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sfbpw tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰n\p hnt[-b-am°pw.

sXmgn-ep-d∏p {]hr-Øn-If - n¬ Ign™ kmº-Øn-I-h¿jw 50 Znh-k-sa-¶nepw ]Wn-sb-SpØ IpSpw-_-ß-fn¬ \n∂p ≈ s]¨Ip-´n-Iƒ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ Hcp Soam-bn-cn°pw tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰p-ambn _‘- s ∏´ {Kma- X e {]h¿Ø- \ ߃°v ta¬t\m´w hln-°pI. ]´nI-Pm-Xn, ]´n-I-h¿§, BPL IpSpw-_-ßfn¬ \n∂mbn 3 s]¨Ip- ´ n- I sf Hmtcm hm¿Unepw sXc-s™-Sp-°pw.Ch¿°p ]cn-io-e\w \¬Ipw. Ch¿ Soap-I-fmbn ]©m-b-Ønse {]h¿Ø\-߃ A∏-t∏mƒ ]cn-tim-[n®v kzX{¥-amb dnt∏m¿´v Xøm-dm°n {Kma-k`-bn¬ ka¿∏n-°p-w. 20 hm¿Up-Ifp≈ Hcp ]©m-bØ - n¬ 60 t]c-Sß - p∂ Hcp {]mtZ-inI tamWn-´-dnMv kwhn-[m\w \ne-hn¬ hcpw. Hmtcm 6 amkw IqSp∂ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v {Kma-k-`-bnepw C h¿ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ hni- Z - a mb dnt∏m¿´v -Hm-Un-‰n\p hnt[-b-am°n A Xn≥ta¬ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°pw. kwÿm\ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v sk¬ kwÿm-\Ø - p-S\ - ofw Xt±-ik - z-bw`-cW ÿm]-\-ß-fnse tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v Nn´-bmbn \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xns‚ DØ- c - h m- Z n- X zhpw t\Xr- X zhpw kwÿm\ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v sk√n\m- b n- c n°pw. tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v sk√ns‚ Ub-d-IvS-dmbn kwÿm\ s]¿t^m-a≥kv HmUn‰v Hm^o-ksd Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂p. kwÿm\, Pn√m Xe-Øn¬ hnZKv≤-cpsS Hcp ]m\¬ HmUn-‰p-ambn _‘- s ∏´ F√m {]h¿Ø- \ - ß fpsSbpw ta¬t\m- ´ w hln°pw. tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰p-ambn _‘-s∏´

kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ s]mXp-hm-bp≈ Imcy-tijn h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v Bhiy-amb ]cn-io-e-\-߃ AS-°-ap≈ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ Cu sk√ns‚ t\XrXz-Øn¬ Bhn-jv°-cn®p \S-∏n-em-°p∂-XmWv. Xt±- i - k z- b w- ` - c W ÿm]- \ - ß fnse tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v kwhn-[m\w Nn´-bmbn {]h¿Øn-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ F√m Xc-Øn-ep≈ {ia-ßfpw sk√ns‚ {]h ¿Ø-\Ø - ns‚ `mK-am-bn-´p-≠mIpw. CXpambn _‘-s∏-´p≈ ]T\ Kth-jW {]h¿Ø-\-߃ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-Ibpw AXn-\p -ta¬t\m´w hln-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xpw Cu sk√ns‚ DØ-c-hmZn-Øa - mWv. ASpØ amkw apX¬ tIc-fØ - nse sXc-s™-Sp-°s - ∏´ ]©m-bØ - p-If - n¬ sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xn-bpsS amXrIm tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v \S-Øn-s°m-≠m-bncn°pw Cu kwhn-[m\w {]h¿Ø\w XpS-ßpI. F√m Pn√-If - n-te°pw XpS ¿∂v F√m tªm°p-If - n-te°pw ]©mb-Øp-If - n-te°pw ]pXnb coXn-°\ - pk-cn-®p≈ tkmjy¬ HmUn‰v hym]n∏n°pw. kXy-k-‘-X-tbmSpw kpXm-cy-XtbmSpw IqSn {]mtZ-inI hnI-k-\-{]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Bhn-j° v c - n®p \S-∏n-em°m≥ ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v i‡n ]Icp∂ Hcp kwhn-[m-\a- m-bn-´mWv tkm jy ¬ HmUn‰v sk√n-s\bpw {]{In-b-sb bpw cq]-I-ev]\ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. teJ-I≥ Ine-bnse A≤ym-]-I-\mWv. Ct∏mƒ alm-flm-Km‘n sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xn-bpsS tkmjy¬ HmUn-‰ns‚ t{]m{Kmw Hm^o-k-dmWv

11


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

National Rural Health Mission

BXp-c-ip-{iqjm cwKØv sa®-s∏´ tkh-\-hp-ambn

tZiob {KmaoW BtcmKy ZuXyw kuc`v Pbn≥ sF.-F.-Fkv

B

Xpcip{iqjmcwKØv sa® s∏´ tkh\w Dd∏m°m\pt±in®v 2005- ˛ 12 Imebfhn¬ tZiobXe Øn¬ \S∏nem°n hcp∂ Hcp I¿Ω ]cn]mSnbmWv tZiob{KmaoW Btcm KyZuXyw (F≥.B¿.F®v . Fw). tIcfØn¬ ]≤Xn \SØn∏nte °mbn kwÿm\XeØnepw Pn√m Xeßfnepw skmssk‰n (BtcmKy IpSpw_t£a skmssk‰n) cq]oIcn °pIbpw Ahbv°v "BtcmKytIcfw' F∂v t]cv \¬IpIbpw sNbv X p. cmPysØ CXc kwÿm\ßfpambn XmcXays∏SpØptºmƒ khnti jhpw thdn´Xpamb BtcmKy{]iv\ ßfmWv tIcfØnt‚Xv. ChnSpsØ {]tXyI Bhiy߃°\pkrXambn \nch[n ]≤XnIƒ BhnjvIcn°p ∂Xn\v tZiob {KmaoW BtcmKy ZuXyw Ahkcsamcp°n. BtcmKy ÿm]\ßfpsS \nehmcapb¿ØpI, anI® BtcmKy]cnNcWhpw KpWta     

12

∑bm¿∂ tkh\ßfpw Dd∏m°pI, ]m¿izh¬°cn°s∏´h¿°pw ]n∂m °°m¿°pw BtcmKy]cnNcWw e`yam°pI XpSßn F≥.B¿.F®v. Fw. {i≤ tI{µoIcn°p∂ tkh\ta JeIsf ap∂n¬ I≠psIm≠p≈h bmbncp∂p Cu kwcw`߃. e£y߃  {]mYanImtcmKy tkh\߃ e`yam°pI.  amXrinip acW\nc°pIƒ Ipdbv °pI.  h\nX inip BtcmKyw sa® s∏SpØpI.  IpSnsh≈w, ipNnXzw, t]mjIm lmcw, tcmK{]Xntcm[ \S]SnIƒ XpSßnb tkh\߃ km¿∆{Xn Iambn e`yam°pI.  P\kwJymk¥pe\w Dd∏m °pI.  {]mtZinI tcmK߃, ]I¿®

{][m\ {]h¿Ø\߃ {]P\\ssiih BtcmKyw˛ II (Reproductive Child Health -II) CXc {]h¿Ø\߃ (Additionalities) tcmK{]Xntcm[ \S]SnIƒ (Immunization) tZiob tcmK\nb{¥W ]cn]mSnIƒ (Disease and control programmes) kwtbmPnX {]h¿Ø\߃ (Convergence)

P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv ÿm]\ im‡oIcWw  {]Ya d^d¬ bqWn‰pIƒ/kmaqlnImtcmKy tI{µßƒ ]q¿Æambpw

{]h¿Ø\£aamIp∂p.  Xncs™SpØ {]mYanImtcmKy tI{µßƒ 24 aWn°q¿ {]h¿Ø\ k÷

am°p∂p.  \mjW¬ A{IUnt‰j≥ t_m¿Uns‚ Iogn¬ BZy]Snbmbn 14 Bip]

{XnIsfbpw 358 et_md´dnIsfbpw A¥¿tZiob \nehmcØnte°p b¿Øp∂p.  \n¿∫‘nX {KmaoW tkh\w aptJ\bpw/tIm¨{SmIv‰v hyhÿ hgnbpw IqSpX¬ tUmIvS¿amscbpw \gvkpamscbpw A\p_‘ Ãm^pIsfbpw hn\ykn°p∂p.  115 kmaqlnImtcmKy tI{µßƒ tZiob s]mXpP\mtcmKy \nehmcØn te°v Db¿Øp∂p. KyZuXyw hn`mh\w sNøp∂Xv . hnZymeb BtcmKy]cn]mSn, BtcmKy hnhc\n¿∆lW kwhn[m\w, km¥z\ ip{iqj, Bi ]≤Xn, Bip]{XnI fpsS \nehmcw Db¿Øepw KpW\ne hmcw Dd∏m°epw, {]Xntcm[ NnIn ’mkwhn[m\w sa®s∏Spج XpS ßnbh Chbn¬ NneXpam{Xw. km¥z\ip{iqjm ]≤Xn C¥-yb - n-em-Zy- a - mbn km¥-z\ ip{iqjm-\bw {]J-ym-]n-®Xv tIcfamWv. Xt±-ik-z-bw-`-c-W -ÿm-]-\-ß-fpsS t\Xr-X-z-Øn¬ kmaq-ln-Im-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-ep≈ Krl-]-cn-N-c-W-kw-cw-`-߃ t{]m’m-ln∏n-°p-I-bmWv CXns‚ e£- y w. CXn- \ mbn Bhn- j v I - c n® Btcm-K-y-tI-cfw km¥-z-\-ip-{iqjm ]≤Xn tIc-f-Øns‚ \m\m-`m-K-ßfnepw Xt±-ik - z- b - w-`c - W - ÿ - m-]\ - ß - ƒ hgn hnP-bI - c - a- mbn \S-∏nem-°n h-cp-∂p. klm- b - a m- h - i - y - a p≈ tcmKn- I sf Is≠Øn icn-bmb NnIn-’ bv°v am¿§-\n¿t±iw \¬Ip-I, InS-∏n-emb tcmKn-Iƒ°pw amdm-tcm-Ka - p-≈h - ¿°pw Krl-]-cn-N-cWw \¬Ip-I, kmaq-lnIhpw kmº-Øn-Ihpamb ]n∂m-°mh-ÿ-bn¬ Ign-bp∂ tcmKn-Iƒ Dƒ s∏-sS-bp-≈-h¿°v acp∂pw ip{iq-j

Bbp¿t∆Z, tlmantbm hn`mKßfpsS im‡oIcWw  ]pXnb Bbp¿t∆Z, tlmantbm Unkvs]≥kdnIƒ XpSßp∂p.  Bbp¿t∆Z, tlmantbm Bip] {XnIfn¬ IqSpX¬ tUmIvS¿, \gvkv, ^m¿aknÃv F∂nhcpsS e`yX Dd∏m°p∂p.  Xncs™SpØ Bbp¿t∆Z˛ tlmantbm Bip]{XnIfpsS \nehmcw sa®s∏SpØp∂p. hym[nIƒ, PohnXssieotcmK ߃ F∂nh XSbpI.  BtcmKyIcamb PohnXcoXnIƒ t{]m’mln∏n°pI.  Xt±iobamb BtcmKykpc£m ]mcºcy߃ ]p\cp÷ohn∏n°pI.  Bbpjns\ (Bbp¿t∆Zw, tbmK, bp\m\n, kn≤, tlmantbm∏Xn) apJy[mcbnseØn°pI. BtcmKytIcfw ]cn]mSnIfneqsS... F√m hn`mKw P\ßsfbpw Dƒ s°m≈n®psIm≠p≈ BtcmKytk h\ßfmWv tZiob {KmaoW Btcm

bpw \¬Im≥ {]mY-an-Im-tcm-Ky- ] - c - n-]me-\-kw-hn-[m-\sØ {]m]vX-am-°pI F∂nh-bmWv ]≤-XnbpsS Dt±-i-y-e£-y-߃. CXn\mbn tUmIvS¿am¿, Pn√m tIm˛Hm¿Un-t\-‰¿am¿,\gvkp-am¿ XpS-ßn-bhsc Krl-]-cn-N-c-W-Øn\pw a‰p ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ GtIm-]n-∏n-°p--∂Xn\p-ambn \ntbm-Kn-®p. kwÿm\sØ 480 {]mYanImtcmKy tI{µßfn¬ Xt±ikzbw `cW ÿm]\ßfpsS t\XrXzØn¬ kmaqlnImSnÿm\ Ønep≈ Krl]cnNcW kwcw` ߃ {]h¿Øn-°p∂p. hnZ-ym-eb Btcm-K-y-]-cn-]mSn (School Health Programme) kvIqƒhnZ-ym¿∞n-I-fpsS ka-{Kamb Btcm-Ky- ] - cn]me\w apJ-ye - £ - y- am-°n- Btcm-K-y-tI-cfw cq]-I-ev]\ sNbvX \qX\ kwcw-`amWnXv. BtcmKy˛hn-Z-ym-`-ym-k-˛-kvt]m¿Svkv˛Xt±-ik- z - b w- ` - c - W - h - I p- ∏ p- I ƒ kwbp- ‡ ambmWv CXv \S-∏n-em-°p∂Xv. Hmtcm hnZym¿∞nbpsSbpw ka{K BtcmKy tcJ F∂ \nebn¬, kvIqƒ Sn.kn. bpw sl¬Øv sdt°m¿Upw kwtbm Pn∏n®psIm≠p≈ "kvIqƒ Sn.knbpw sl¬Øv sdt°m¿Upw' F∂ \qX\ kwcw`Øn\v hnZymebmtcmKy]cn

D]m[nclnX ^≠v k_vsk‚¿ ˛ hm¿UvXe BtcmKy ipNnXzkanXn ˛ {]mYanImtcmKytI{µw ˛ kmaqlnImtcmKytI{µw ˛ A‰Ip‰∏WnIƒ°mbp≈ ^≠v k_vsk‚¿ ˛ {]mYanImtcmKytI{µw ˛ kmaqlnImtcmKytI{µw ˛ Bip]{Xn \n¿∆lW kanXn {]mYanImtcmKytI{µw ˛ kmaqlnImtcmKytI{µw ˛ P\d¬, Xmeq°v, Pn√m Bip]{XnIƒ ˛ P\phcn 2011

10000 10000 25000 50000

cq] cq] cq] cq]

10000 cq] 50000 cq] 100000 cq] 100000 cq] 100000 cq] 500000 cq]

13


]©m-b-Øv cmPv Nne {][m\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ  2012˛HmsS F√m Pn√Ifnepw kv{XoIfpsSbpw Ip´nIfpsSbpw Bip]{Xn.  Zcn{Zcmb kv{XoIfpsS BZy c≠v {]kh߃°v [\klmbambn {Kma

ßfn¬ 700 cq]bpw \Kcßfn¬ 600 cq]bpw ho´n¬ sh®p≈ {]khØn\v 500 cq]bpw \¬Ip∂p.  ka{K BtcmKy C≥jpd≥kv ]cnc£: Zmcn{ZtcJbv°v Xmsgbp≈ IpSpw _߃°v kuP\y BtcmKyNnIn’ Xncs™SpØ Bip]{XnIfn¬ \S∏nem°n hcp∂p; ]≤Xn ta¬t\m´Øn\mbn ]ªnIv dntej≥kv Hm^o k¿am¿.  Bip]{XnIfnse \nehmcw Db¿Øp∂Xns‚ `mKambn 43.12 tImSnbpsS Bip]{Xn D]IcW߃. ]mSn XpS°w Ipdn®p. Ip´n- b psS Btcm-Kyw kw_-‘n® F√m hnh-cßfpw Cu sdt°mUn¬ e`-y-am-Wv. CtXm-sSm∏w kvIqƒ hnZ-ym¿∞n-IfpsS Btcm-K-y-]-cn-]m-e-\-Øn-\v 2500 hnZ-ym¿∞n-Iƒ°v Hcmƒ F∂ tXmXn¬ Pq\n- b¿ sl¬Øv C≥kvs]-IvS¿ amsc {]tX-y-I-]-cn-io-e\w \¬In

Iºyq´¿hXvIrX BtcmKy hnhckwhn[m\w tIcfØnse 1200 e[nIw Btcm Kyÿm]\ßsf _‘n∏n®p sIm ≠p≈ BtcmKyhnhctiJcW hnXcW kwhn[m\w cq]s∏Sp Øp∂p. Cu ÿm]\ßfnse ^m¿ aknIƒ Iºyq´¿hXvIcn°p∂p. \ntbm- K n- ® p. kwÿm\sØ 1150 k¿°m¿˛Fbv U Uv kv I qfpIfn¬ ]cn]mSn \S∏nem°n hcp∂p. {]mYanI BtcmKytkh\߃, BtcmKyt_m[hXv°cWw, kvs] jyenÃv tUmIvS¿amcpsS tkh\w, Iu¨knenMv kuIcyw XpSßnb tkh\߃ hnZymeb BtcmKy]cn ]mSnbneqsS e`yamWv. Btcm-K-y-hn-h-c-km-t¶-XnI kwhn-[m\w (Health Management Information System - HMIS)

Btcm-K-y-kw-c-£-W-ta-J-e-bn¬ hnh-cß - ƒ tiJ-cn-°p-Ibpw A]-{K-Yn°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠Xns‚ {]m[m\yw IW°nseSpØv i‡- a mb Hcp Btcm-K-y-hn-h-c-km-t¶-Xn-I-kw-hn-[m-\Øn\p kwÿm\w XpS-°w-Ip-dn-®p.

icn-bmb hnh-c-߃ bYm-k-a-bØv Hm¨sse≥ hgn tI{µ ˛ k -- w-ÿm-\k¿°m-cp-Iƒ°v e`-y-am-°p-IbmWv HMIS (Health Management Information System) s‚ e£yw. kwÿm-\sØ

samØw ]n.-F® - v.k - n.-Iƒ, kn.-F® - v.k - n.Iƒ, Pn√m Bip-]{- Xn-Iƒ, P\-d¬ - Bip-]-{Xn-Iƒ, kv{XoI-fp-sSbpw Ip´n-Ifp-sSbpw Bip-]-{Xn-Iƒ, saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pp-Iƒ, Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-Iƒ, kvs]j-ym-en‰n Bip-]{- Xn-Iƒ F∂nh Dƒs∏sS 1200˛e-[nIw Btcm-K-y-tI{µ-ßsf HMIS hgn _‘n-∏n-®n-cn°p∂- p . {]m¥- { ]- t Z- i - ß - f nse k_vsk‚-dp-I-fn¬\n∂pw kz-Im-cy Btcm- K - y - ÿ m- ] - \ - ß - f n¬\n∂- p t]mepw HMIS hnh-c-߃ tiJ-cn®v A]-{K-Yn-°p∂-p. 2009 G{]n¬ apX¬ ]pXnb kwhn-[m-\a - \ - p-kc - n®v kwÿm\sØ Btcm- K - y - h n- h - c - t i- J - c Ww Bcw-`n-®p. Btcm-K-y-h-Ip-∏nse ]Xn\m-bn-c-tØmfw Poh-\-°m¿°v Hm¨ sse≥ dnt∏m¿´nw-Kn¬ ]cn-io-e\w \¬In-°-gn-™p. 2009 G{]n¬ apX¬ 2010 \hw_¿ hscbp≈ amkß fnse I¨tkmfntU‰Uv dnt∏m¿´v C¥ym Kh¨sa‚ns‚ sh_vssk ‰n¬ A]vtemUv sNbvXn´p≠v. IrXy Xbm¿∂Xpw KpWta∑bp≈Xpw ka tbmNnXhpamb hnhctiJcWhpw A]{KY\hpw CXp hgn km[yam Ip∂p. Bi (ASHA)

(Accredited Social Health Activist)

Btcm-K-y-tk-h-\-߃°mbn _p≤n- a p´p∂ P- \ - h n- ` m- K - ß - f psS, {]tXy-In®pw kv{XoI-fp-sSbpw Ip´nI-fp-sSbpw Btcm-K-y-kw-_-‘-amb

Bh-i-y-߃ \n¿h-ln-°p∂ AwKoIrX kmaq-ln-Im-tcm-K-y-{]-h¿Ø-IbmWv Bi. P\-kw-J-y-bn¬ Bbn-cwt]¿°v Hcmƒ F∂ tXmXn- e mWv Bim-{]-h¿Ø-Isc hn\-y-kn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. ap∏sØm∂mbncw Bim {]h¿ ØIsc {]mYanI ]cnioe\Øn\p tijw CXnt\mSIw kwÿm\ØpS \ofw hn\ykn®p Ign™p. amXr˛inip kwc£Ww Dd∏m °pI, {]mYanI sshZyklmbw FØn°pI, ]I¿®hym[nIƒ XSbp ∂Xn\v \S]SnIƒ kzoIcn°pI, A\p_‘ ÿm]\ßfpambn tN¿∂v XmsgØ´nep≈h¿°v tkh\w Dd ∏m°pI F∂nhbmWv Bim {]h¿ ØIcpsS {][m\ DØchmZnXz߃. tIc-fØ - nse {]tX-yI kml-Nc - yw IW-°n-se-SpØv Bim-{]-h¿ØI cpsS I¿Ω-ta-Je ]I¿®hym-[n-Iƒ

kmaqlym[njvTnX km¥z\ ip{iqjm ]≤Xn  InS∏nembh¿°pw Zo¿LIme tcmKßfm¬ IjvSs∏Sp∂h¿ °pw kaql ]¶mfnØtØmsS bp≈ ]≤Xn.  km¥z\taIm≥ Ab¬°Æn Iƒ (k∂≤ {]h¿ØIcpsS Iq ´mbva).  k¿°m¿, k¿°mtcXc kwhn [m\ßfpsS tbmPn®p≈ {]h¿ Ø\w. XS-bp∂--Xn\pw \nb-{¥n-°p-∂Xn-\psam∏w Pohn- X - s si- e o- t cm- K - ß ƒ, km¥-z-\-ip-{iq-j, kmaq-lnI ]¶m-fnØ-tØm-sS-bp≈ am\-kn-Im-tcm-K-y-]-

PohnXssien, Iym≥k¿ tcmK \nb{¥Ww  14 Pn√Ifnepw PohnXssieotcmK\nb{¥W ]cn]mSn \S∏nem°n hcp∂p.  ]cnioe\w e`n® Bim {]h¿ØI¿ PohnXssieo tcmK\n¿Æb, \nb{¥W{]h¿Ø\߃ \SØp∂p.  F√m k_vsk‚dpIfnepw {]tal, c‡kΩ¿± \n¿Æb IymºpIƒ.  F√m BtcmKyÿm]\ßfnepw {]Xnhmc PohnXssieotcmK\n¿Æb IymºpIƒ.

14

P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv   

 

hnZymeb BtcmKy]cn]mSn tIcfØnse F√m ]©mbØpIfnepw hnZymeb BtcmKy]cn]mSn°v XpS°w. Sn.kn. Dƒs∏´ kvIqƒ sl¬Øv sdt°m¿Uv F√m Ip´nIƒ°pw. ¢n\n°¬ ]cntim[\, Iu¨kenMv, BtcmKyhnZym`ymkw, c£I¿ Øm°fpsS ]¶mfnØw, Ip´nIfpsS ka{K BtcmKy Um‰mt_kv XpSßnb tkh\߃. \n›nX CSthfIfn¬ tUmIvSdpƒs∏´ BtcmKySoans‚ kµ¿i\w. A\oanb \nb{¥WØn\pw Z¥ipNnXzØn\pw {]tXyI ]cnKW\.

ss{S_¬ taJebn¬ {]tXyI tkh\߃  samss_¬ saUn°¬ bqWn‰pIƒ, {]P\\ ssiihmtcmKy Iymºp Iƒ  kn°nƒsk¬ A\oanb \nb{¥WØn\mbn {]tXyI ]≤Xn  tIm´Ødbnepw (]me°mSv) \√q¿\m´nepw (hb\mSv) kvs]jymen‰n Bip]{XnIƒ. BtcmKytkh\cwKw sa®s∏SpØm\p≈ ]cn]mSnIƒ  tIcfØnse 1000 P\߃°v Hcp Bi (AwKoIrX kmaqlnImtcmKy {]h¿ØI)  kmaqlnIm[njvTnX Iym≥k¿ ]cnNcWØn¬ apJy ]¶v  PohnXssien tcmK\nb{¥WØn\v Bim{]h¿ØI¿°v {]tXyI ]cnioe\hpw NnIn’m˛\n¿Æb D]IcWßfpw. am\knImtcmKy ]≤Xn  kv{XoIsfbpw Ip´nIsfbpw tI{µoIcn®v kmaqlnIm[njvTnX am\kn

ImtcmKy]≤Xn 5 Pn√Ifn¬ ˛ ae∏pdw, ]me°mSv, tImgnt°mSv, hb \mSv, Imk¿tImSv.  \n›nX CSthfIfn¬ tUmIvS¿, \gvkv, sskIym{SnIv tkmjy¬ h¿° ¿ F∂nhcpsS kµ¿i\w hnhn[ tI{µßfn¬

t_m[hXvIcW/ioehXvIcW ]cn]mSnIƒ  \qX\hpw Xt±iobhpamb Bhiy߃ IW°nseSpØpsIm≠p≈ t_m[hXv°cW ]cn]mSnIƒ hm¿UpXe BtcmKy ipNnXz kanXnIƒ BtcmKy t]mjI Zn\߃  F√m hm¿Unepw amkwtXmdpw hm¿UpXe BtcmKy t]mjIZn\߃.  F√m hm¿Unepw BtcmKy ipNnXzkanXnIƒ˛hm¿Uv H∂n\v D]m[n clnX ^≠mbn Hmtcm h¿jhpw 10000 cq]. cn-]mSn XpS-ßn-b-h-bn-te°p IqSn hym]n-∏n-®p. C˛_m¶nMv kwhn[m\w F≥.B¿.F®v . FΩns‚ F√m ]WanS]mSpIfpw sF.kn.sF.kn _m¶ns‚ C˛_m¶nMv irwJehgn Hm¨sse\mbmWv \n¿∆ln°p∂Xv. C˛_m¶nMv kwhn[m\ØneqsS BtcmKytIcfw ]≤Xn \n¿∆ lWØn\pth≠ ^≠pIƒ tI{µ k¿°mcn¬ \n∂v kwÿm\tØ°pw AhnsS \n∂v Pn√m skmssk‰nI fnte°pw XzcnXKXnbn¬ ssIam dm≥ km[n°p∂p. CeIvt{SmWnIv kwhn[m\ap]tbmKn®v XpI t\cn´v Pn√m skmssk‰nIfpsStbm Btcm P\phcn 2011

KytI{µßfpsStbm hy‡nIfpsS tbm _m¶v A°u≠nte°v am‰p∂p. CXneqsS ]≤XnbpsS Iognep≈ kmºØnI hn\nab߃ Ffp∏Øn ¬ hnebncpØphm≥ Ignbpw. Btcm KytaJebn¬ C˛_m¶nMv kwhn[m\w sIm≠ph∂ BZy kwÿm\amWv tIcfw. F√m IW°pIfpw Management Information System (MIS) dnt∏m¿´p Ifpw Hm¨sse≥ hgn e`yamWv. _n.-kn.-kn : kz-`mh cq]o-I-c-WØn-\m-bp≈ Bi-b-hn-\n-abw A®Sn˛Zr-iy- ˛- {- im-hy am[-ya - ß - f - n-eqsSbpw t\cn´pw \S-Øp∂ t_m[-hXvI-c-W-˛-B-i-b-hn-\n-a-b-ß-fp-sSbpw hnh-c-{]-k-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw ka-hm-b-

amWv kz-`m-h-cq-]n-I-c-W-Øn-\m-bp≈ Bi-b-hn-\n-baw AYhm _n.-kn.-kn. IpSpw-_-Øn-s‚bpw kaq-l-Øns‚bpw Btcm-K-ym-h-t_m[w sa®-s∏Sp-Øp-I-bmWv CXns‚ apJye£yw. amkv aoUnb (_-lp-P-\-am-[-y-a-߃), anUv aoUnb (\m-S≥Iemcq-]-ß-fpsSbpw a‰pw D]-tbm-Kw), hy-‡n-KX Bi-b-hn-\n-abw F∂o hn`mK-ß-fnemWv _n.-kn.-kn {i≤-bq∂-p∂--Xv. CeIvt{Sm-Wn-Iv, A®-Sn, a‰p _lp-P\ - a - m[-ya D]m-[n-Iƒ F∂n-hb - n-eqsS BtcmK-ym-h-t_m[w hf¿ØpIbpw ]c-k-yß-fn-eqsS {]Nmcw h¿[n-∏n-°p-Ibpw kz-`m-h-cq-]o-I-cWw \S-ØpIbp-amWv amkv aoUnb e£-y-an-Sp--∂Xv. Ie-˛-\mtSm-Sn-I-em-am-[-y-a-ß-fn-eqsS Bi-b-hn\n-abw \S-Øp-I-bmWv anUv aoUnb sNøp--∂Xv. ^o¬Up XeØnep≈ Bib hn\nabw sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp--∂Xn-\p≈ am¿§ßfmWv hy‡nKX Bib hn\nabØn¬ Dƒs°m≈n®n´p≈Xv. Btcm-K-y-tI-cfw hm¿Øm-am-kn-I, Btcm-K-y-tI-cfw sh_vssk-‰v, k¿ °m¿ hn⁄m-]-\-ß-fpsS {]kn-≤oIcWw XpS-ßn-bh - bpw _n.-kn.-kn.-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n¬s∏Sp∂-p. tdUntbm sl¬Øv, t_m[\ \uI (B-tcm-Ky- hn-h-c-{]Nm-cWw \S-Øp∂ t_m´v) XpS-ßnb \qX-\m-i-b-߃°pw BhnjvImcw \¬Inbn´p≠v. ss{S_¬ sl¬Øv kwÿm-\sØ samØw P\-kwJ-y-bpsS H∂-c-i-X-am\w hcp∂ hn`mK-amWv BZnhmknIƒ. hb-\m-Sv, CSp°n, ]me-°mSv Pn√-If - n-emWv kwÿm\sØ tKm{X-BZnhmknIfn¬ `qcn]£hpw Pohn-°p--∂Xv. hnZq-c-amb {]tZ-i-ß-fnepw FØns∏-Sm≥ _p≤n-ap´p≈ {]tZ-iß - f - nepw Xma-kn-°p∂ BZnhmknIƒ°v {]mYan-Im-tcm-K-y-ip-{iqj e`-y-am-°p--∂Xn-\v ]Xn-aq∂p ss{S_¬ sl¬Øv bqWn‰p-Iƒ kwÿm-\Øv {]h¿Øn-®p-hcp∂p. As©Æw hb-\mSv Pn√-bnepw c≠p-hoXw CSp-°n, ]me-°mSv Pn√-Ifnepw Hmtcm∂p hoXw Imk¿tIm-Sv, ae-∏p-dw, IÆq¿, Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw Pn√I-fn-ep-am-Wp≈Xv. Ch icm-icn 20 saUn-°¬ Iym-ºp-I-sf-¶nepw Hmtcm amk-Ønepw hnZq-c- BZnhmkn taJ eI-fn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-®p-h-cp-∂p. saUn°¬ Hm^o-kd - psS t\Xr-Xz- Ø - n¬ \SØp∂ Iym-ºp-I-fn¬ klm-b-Øn\v ^m¿a-kn-Ãv, Ãm^v\gvkv XpS-ßnb ]mcmsaUn-°¬ Ãm^p-I-sfbpw \n tbm-Kn-®n-´p≠v. tijw t]Pv 34

15


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Kp

tIc-f-Ønse s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk cwK-sØ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw ]pXnb ]mTy-]-≤Xn hn`m-h\w sNøp∂ D∂-X-amb e£y-߃ ssIh-cn-°p∂-Xn\pw ]T\w A\m-bm-khpw kt¥m-j-{]-Z-hp-am-°p-∂-Xn\pw C¥y-bn¬ a‰v GsXmcp kwÿm-\sØ-°mfpw ^e-{]-Z-amb ]cn-]m-SnIƒ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏n-em-°p-hm≥ Fkv.Fkv.F. tIcf-Øn\v Ign-™n-´p≠v.

16

Wta- ∑ - b p≈ km¿∆- { XnI hnZym- ` ymkw {]mY- a nI Xe- Ø n¬ km[y- a m- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ tI{µm- h njvIrX ]≤-Xn-bmWv k¿h in£ A`n-bm≥. 2000˛01 apX¬ Bcw-`n® k¿h in£ A`n-bm≥ Hmtcm Pn√bn-sebpw kml-N-cy-Øn-\-\p-kr-Xambn hntI- { µo- I - c - W - Ø n- e q- ∂ nb anj≥ coXn-bn-ep≈ Bkq-{X-Whpw \n¿∆-lW - h - p-amWv kwÿm\ k¿°mcns‚ ]¶m-fn-Ø-tØmsS \S-∏n-em°n hcp-∂Xv. Bdp apX¬ ]Xn-\mev hb p- h - s c- b p≈ F√m Ip´n- I ƒ°pw KpW- t a- ∑ - b p≈ {]mY- a nI hnZym`ymkw Dd-∏p-h-cp-ØpI F∂-XmWv k¿h in£ A`n-bms‚ apJy-e£yw. tIc-f-Ønse s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk cwKsØ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn\pw ]pXnb ]mTy-]-≤Xn hn`mh\w sNøp∂ D∂-X-amb e£y-߃ ssIh-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw ]T\w A\m-bmkhpw kt¥m-j{- ]-Zh - p-am-°p-∂X - n\pw C¥y-bn¬ a‰v GsXmcp kwÿm-\sØ-°mfpw ^e-{]-Za - mb ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏n-em-°phm≥ Fkv.Fkv.F. tIcf-Øn\v Ign™n-´p≠v. KpW-ta-∑-bp≈ hnZym-`ymkw Dd∏m-°p-∂X - n\v A[ym-]I - sc {]m]vXc - m°p-∂-Xn\v k¿h in£ A`n-bm≥ A[ym-]-I-im-‡o-I-cW ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏n-em-°p∂p. ]T-\-co-Xn-Iƒ, kao-]-\-߃, A[ym]-I-cpsS Imcy-£-aX, kaq-l-Øns‚ CS-s]-S¬ F∂n-h-sb√mw KpW-\n-ehm-csØ kzm[o-\n-°p∂ LS-I-ßfmWv. A[ym-]I - c - psS Imcy-£a - X - bpw KpW-\n-e-hm-chpw tPmen-tbm-Sp≈ at\m-`m-hhpw hnZym-`ym-k-cw-KsØ apt∂m-´p-\-bn-°p-∂-Xn¬ kp{]-[m\ ]¶p-h-ln-°p∂p. B[p-\nI kmt¶XnI hnZybpw hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ G‰hpw ]pXnb Bi-b-ßfpw A[ym]-Isc ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ Imcy-£-a-Xbpw KpW-ta∑bpw Dd-∏m-°p∂p. ssZ\w-Zn\ ¢m v dqw {]iv\-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw XpS¿{]h¿Ø-\-߃ Bkq-{XWw

sNøp- ∂ - X n\pw ¢Ã¿ tbmK- ß ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p∂p. c≠p apX¬ F´phsc ¢m p-I-fn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ apgp-h≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°pw kuP-\y-ambn k¿hin£ A`n-bm≥ ]mT-]p-kvX-I-߃ hnX-cWw sNøp∂p.1 apX¬ 8˛-mw ¢m ph-sc-bp≈ A[ym-]I - ¿°v ]pXnb ]mT]p-kvXIw, ssI]p-kvXIw, Icn-°pew aqey-\n¿Æ-bc - oXn F∂n-hb - n¬ ]cn-ioe\w \¬Ip∂p. kvIqfpw ]cn-k-chpw BI¿j-I-am-°p-∂-Xn\pw \√ ]T-\m¥-co£w krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn\pw F¬ ]n/bp ]n Xe-Øn¬ kvIqƒ {Km‚ v hnX-cWw sNøp∂p. Bh-iy-Øn-\p≈ ]T-t\m-]-I-c-W-߃ ¢m v apdn-bn¬ e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn\v Hmtcm A[ym-]nIbv°pw ]T-t\m-]-I-cW {Km‚ v \¬ Ip∂p. ss{]adn ¢m p- I - f nse Ip´n- I fnse Cw•ojv `mjm-]T - \ - Ø - ns‚ \nehmcw sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n\pw Cw•ojv `mj-bn-ep≈ Bib hn\n-ab tijn h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw B¿ sF C Fkv sF _mw•q¿, Ct·m, {_n´ojv Iu¨kn¬ F∂n-hb - psS A°m-Za - nI ]n¥p- W - t bmsS A[ym- ] - I ¿°pw dntkmgvkv Sot®-gvkn\pw ]cn-io-e\w \¬Ip∂p. BZy- L ´w Be- ∏ pg, IÆq¿, sIm√w F∂o Pn√-Iƒ°mWv Cu ]cn-io-e\ - Ø - ns‚ {]tbm-P\w e`n®Xv. XpS¿∂v F√m Pn√-I-fnepw Cu ]cn-io-e\w e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn\v \S-]-SnIƒ kzoI-cn®p hcp∂p. `uXnI kml-Ncyw Fkv . Fkv . F. Bcw- ` n® L´Øn¬ tIc-f-Ønse an° s]mXp-hnZym- e - b - ß - f p- s Sbpw ÿnXn hfsc timN-\o-b-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu ]cn-an-Xn-Isf- ° p- d n®v hni- Z - a mb ]T- \ - ß ƒ \SØn ap≥K-W\ ]´nI Xøm-dm°n Fkv.Fkv.F hnhn[ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Bhn-jv°-cn®v \S-∏n-em°n. A[nI ¢m v dqw \n¿ΩmWw, {]Ya A[ym]-I-cpsS apdn-bpsS \n¿ΩmWw, aq{X∏p-c-Iƒ, Np‰p-a-Xn¬, CS-`nØn \n¿ ΩmWw, sshZyp-Xo-I-cWw, s]¨Ip´n- I - f psS tSmbv e ‰v , AUm- ] v ‰ Uv P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tUm. sI.-hn. Ip™n-Ir-jvW≥

tSmbve‰v, dmw]v B‚ v sdbv¬, IpSnsh≈w F∂o \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø-\߃ Xt±-i-kzbw`c-W-ÿm-]-\-ßfpsS kl-Ic - W - t- ØmsS \S-∏n-em°n. Kh¨sa‚ v kv°qfp-I-fnse A‰-Ip-‰]-Wn-Iƒ°v sabn‚-\≥kv {Km‚pw Hmtcm h¿jhpw \¬Ip∂p. F√m-h¿°pw hnZym-`ymkw F∂ C¥y≥ `c-WL - S- \ A\p-im-kn-°p∂ e£yw ]q¿Æ-Xb - n¬ FØ-Ws - a-¶n¬ hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-\p≈ Ah-kcw e`n°msX hoSns‚ AI-Ø-f-Øn¬ HXpßn-°-gn-bp∂ {]tXyI ]cn-K-W-\b¿ln-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°p IqSn hnZym`ymkw e`n-t°-≠-Xp≠v. CXv ]cn-lcn-°p-∂X - n-\mbn ka-{K-amb k¿t∆-bneqsS hnZKv≤ tUmIvS¿amsc ]s¶Sp-∏n®p sIm≠v h¿jw tXmdpw tªm°v Xe-Øn¬ sshZy-]c - n-tim-[\m IymºpIƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-®v Ip´n-I-fpsS imcocnI Ah-iX adn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\m-h-iy-

P\phcn 2011

amb kmt¶-XnI klmb D]-I-c-W߃, sshZy klmbw F∂nh k¿h in£ A`n-bm≥ Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp∂p. Kpcp-X-c-ambn sshIeyw kw`-hn®v ]q¿Æ-ambpw Ne-\-tijn \jvS-s∏´ Ip´n-Iƒ°p-th≠n Ah-cpsS hoSp-Ifn- s eØn dntkmgv k v A[ym- ] - I ¿ {]tXyI ]T-\k - l - m-bhpw ]T-t\m-]I - cW In‰p-Ifpw \¬Ip-∂-tXmsS c£nXm-°ƒ°v ]cn-io-e-\hpw kwL-Sn-∏n°p-∂p. Krlm-[n-jvTnX hnZym-`ym-kØn-eqsS tIc-f-Ønse Bbn-c-Øn-e[nIw Ip´n-Iƒ°v Cu kuIcyw e`yam-°p∂p. {]tXyI ]cn-K-W-\-b¿ln°p∂ Ip´n-I-fpsS kmaq-ly-t_m-[h¬°-c-W-Øn\pw c£n-Xm-°-fpsS kl-I-cWw Dd-∏m-°p-∂-Xn\pw kmb¥\ thZnIv Hcp-°p∂p. Hm´nkw _m[n® Ip´n-I-fpsS ]cm-[o-\-X-Isf ]q¿Æ-ambpw ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw tIc-fØ - n¬ Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw, sIm√w,

Fd-Wm-Ipfw, Xr»q¿, tImgn-t°mSv F∂o Pn√-I-fn¬ Hm´n-ÃnIv sk‚-dpIƒ {]h¿Øn-°p∂p. Ne-\-tijn \jvS- s ∏´ Ip´n- I ƒ°v ^nkn tbmsXdm∏n sk‚-dp-Iƒ {Kma-]-©mb-Øp-I-fpsS klm-b-tØmsS {]h¿ Øn-∏n-°p∂p. kaq- l - Ø ns‚ F√m taJ- e - I fnepw Ah-k-c-k-aXzhpw Xpey-]-¶mfnØhpw e`y-am°n s]¨Ip-´n-Isf apJy-[m-cb - n-se-Øn-°p-∂X - n\v \nc-h[n {]h¿Ø-\-߃ Fkv.Fkv.F \S-∏nem°n hcp∂p. imco-cn-Ihpw am\-knIhpamb BtcmKyw, k¿K-]-c-amb Ign-hp-Iƒ, PohnX ss\]-pWnIƒ F∂n-h-bn¬ X߃ B¨Ip-´n-I-tfmsSm∏w Xs∂- b m- s W∂ t_m[w s]¨Ip-´n-If - n¬ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-∂Xn\v ssk°nƒ ¢_p-Iƒ, Fbvtdm_nIvk,v Icms´, XmbvsIm≠, \o¥¬ F∂n-h-bn¬ Pn√m-X-e-Øn¬ ]cn-ioe\w kwL-Sn-∏n-°p∂p. {]iv\-ßsf A`n-ap-Jo-Ic - n-°p-∂X - n\pw Btcm-Ky-Ic-ambn {]Xn-Ic - n-°p-∂X - n-\p-ap≈ tijn t\Sp-∂-Xn\v Bi-b-hn-\n-a-b-Øn¬ {]tXyI ]cn- i o- e \w \¬Ip∂p. hy‡n-]c - a - mb {]iv\ß - ƒ hni-Ie - \w sNbvXv ]cn-lmcw kzbw Is≠-Øp∂-Xn\v sl¬]v sUkv°p-Iƒ k÷am-°n-bn-´p≠v. sXmgn¬ ]cn-io-e\ ss\]pWn \¬Ip-∂-Xn-eqsS kzm`nam\w hf¿Øp-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n Ic-Iuie hkvXp-°f - psS \n¿Ωm-Whpw hn]W-\hpw Hcp-°p∂p. ]T\ hoSp-Iƒ Xs‚-X√ - mØ Imc-Wß - ƒ sIm≠v hnZym-e-b-ß-fnepw ¢m v apdn-I-fnepw H‰-s∏-Sp∂ Ip´n-Isf Bfl-hn-izmkw

17


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

\¬In ]T-\-Øn¬ Xm¬]cyw hf¿ Øp∂Xn\v ]T-\h - o-Sv F∂ ]≤Xn \S∏m--°p-∂p. hoSp-If - n¬ th≠{X ]T-\m¥-co-£hpw ]T-\k - u-Ic - yhpw C√mØ Ip´n-Iƒ°v Ah Hcp°n sImSp-°pIbpw c£n-Xm-°ƒ°v ]{Xw hmbn-°phm\pw sXmgn¬ ]cn-io-en-°p-hm\pw k¿t∆m-]cn Xß-fpsS Ip´n-I-fpsS ]T- \ - { ]- h ¿Ø- \ - ß - f n¬ A¿∞- h Ømbn CS-s]-Sm\pw D≈ Ahkcw Hcp-°p-I-bmWv ]T-\-ho-Sp-Iƒ sNøp∂Xv. \Kc/{Kma ]©m-b-Øp-I-fpsS klm-b-tØmsS Bcw-`n-°p∂ ]T-\ho-Sp-I-ƒ 2 apX¬ 7 hsc ¢m p-Ifnse Ip´n- I ƒ°v kv ° qƒ Ign™p≈ ]T-\-Øn\v klm-bn-°p∂p. tIc-fØ - nse apgp-h≥ hnZym-eb - ß - fnepw imkv{Xw, KWnXw, kmaq-lyimkv{Xw F∂o hnj-b-ß-fn¬ ]T-\\n-e-hmcw sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\mbn Keo-entbm en‰n¬ kb‚nÃv F∂ ka{K hnZym-`ymk ]cn-]mSn \S-∏nem°n. 152 tªm°v dntkmgvkv sk‚dp-Ifpw 7 A¿_≥ dntkmgvkv sk‚dp-Ifpw H_vk¿th-‰-dn-Iƒ k÷o-Icn- ® - X p- h gn \£{X ]T- \ - Ø n\pw imkv{ Xm-` n-cpNn hf¿Øp-∂-Xn\pw km[n®p. imkv{X kl-hm-k-Iym-ºpIƒ, _me-imkv{X tIm¨{K- p-Iƒ F∂nh A[ym-]-I-cnepw Ip´n-I-fnepw hn⁄m\w ]I-cp-∂-Xn\v klm-bn®p. Ip´n- I - f nse kmln- X ym- ` n- c pNn t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂X - n\v kmln-tXym’hw, Fgp-Øp-Iq´w, hmb-\-°q´w F∂nh kv°qƒ Xe-Øn¬ kwL-Sn∏n®p. ¢m pXe {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ Ch IÆn-t®¿°-s∏-´-t∏mƒ kz¥w

cN-\-bn¬ i‡-amb `mj {]tbm-Kn°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ {]m]vX-cmbn. hnZymcwKw Iem- k m- l n- X y- t h- Z n- b p- a mbn kl-Ic - n-®mWv k¿h in£ A`n-bm≥ Fgp-Øp-°q´w, hmb-\-°q´w, kmlntXym- ’ hw F∂o ]cn- ] m- S n- I ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. _Z¬ hnZym-e-b-߃ kmaq-ln-Ia - mbpw kmº-Øn-Ia - mbpw ]n∂m°w \n¬°p-∂X - n-\mtem, `qan-imkv{X-]c - a - mbn H‰-s∏´ {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ Pohn- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ mtem, hnZym- e b {]th-i\w t\SmØ Ip´n-Isf k∂≤-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eqsS apJy-[mcm hnZym- ` ym- k - Ø n- s e- Ø n- ° p- ∂ - X n\v k¿h in£ A`n-bm≥ t\XrXzw \¬ Ip∂ ]T- \ - t I- { µ- ß - f mWv _Z¬ hnZym-e-b-߃. 6 apX¬ 14 hb- phsc {]mb-ap≈ Ip´n-Isf 1 apX¬ 4 hsc t{KUp-I-fn¬ ss{]adn hnZym-`ymk-Øn\v Xpey-amb ]T-\m-\p-`-h-ßfmWv ChnsS \¬Ip-∂Xv. h\m-¥¿`mKØpw Xoc-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw tImf-\nIƒ tI{µo-Ic - n®pw D≈ ]m¿iz-h¬°cn-°-s∏´ P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fnse Ip´n-IfmWv ChnsS FØp-∂Xv. hnZym-`ymk thmf-≠n-b-¿amcpsS klm-b-tØmsS {]tXyIw Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´p≈ kzbw ]T\ kma- { Kn- I - f n- e qsS Ip´n- I sf ]pXnb ]Shp-Iƒ Ib-dp-∂X - n\v klmbn-°p∂p. BZn-hmkn kaq-l-Øns‚ X\-Xp-`mj, kwkvImcw, \m´-dn-hp-Iƒ, X\-Xp-Ie - I - ƒ F∂nh {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xn\pw \ne-\n¿Øp-∂X - n\pw D≈ Ahkchpw _Z¬ hnZym-e-b-߃ Hcp°p∂p. ]´n- I - P mXn/]´n- I - h ¿§, a‰p ]n∂m° hn`mK-ß-fnse Ip´n-I-fpsS ]T-\-\n-e-hmcw Db¿Øp-∂-Xn-\m-h-iyamb [mcmfw CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ k¿h in£m A`n- b m≥ \S- Ø n- h - c p∂p. {]`mX `£Ww, D®-`-£Ww F∂nh ^e- { ]- Z - a mbn \¬In Ip´n- I - f psS lmP¿\ne sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. kl-

hmk Iymºp-Iƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-XneqsS Ip´n-I-fqsS k¿§mflI tijnIƒ hnI- k n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X n\v km[n°p∂p. c£n-Xm-°ƒ°v Btcm-Kyt_m-[-h¬°-c-Whpw CØcw klhmk Iymºp- I - f n¬ Dd- ∏ m- ° p∂p. Bfl-hn-izmkw, Bflm-`n-am\w F∂nh Db¿Øm-\p≈ X{¥-߃ {]tbm-Kn-°phm≥ A[ym-]-Isc {]m]vX-cm-°p∂p. ipNnXz Btcm-Ky-]c - n-]m-Sn-bn-eqsS s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk cwKØv BZy-ambn Ip´n- I - f psS am\- k n- I m- t cm- K yhpw ipNn-Xzhpw Dd-∏m-°p-∂-Xn\pw D≈ ssI]p-kvXIw, ipNn-Xz-an-j-\p-ambn kl-I-cn®v 5 apX¬ 9 hsc ¢m p-Ifnse 23 e£w Ip´n-Iƒ°v hnX-cWw sNbvXp. Fs‚ hnZym-ebw ipNnXz hnZym-ebw, sImXp-In-s\-Xnsc Iq´m bva XpS-ßnb {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eqsS kwÿm-\sØ apgp-h≥ Pn√-I-fnepw hy‡n-ip-Nn-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw kmaqly ipNn-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw icn-bmb BtcmKy-]m-T-߃ ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bn¬ Hcp kwkv I m- c - a mbn thcp- d - ∏ n- ° m≥ km[n®p. hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ ]mc-ºcy k¶ ¬]-ßfpw hnZym¿∞n-bpsS ]T-\m-hiy-ßfpw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ ImeL-´-Øn¬ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]\-߃ Xß-fpsS Npa-X-e-bn-ep≈ hnZym-eb - ß - f - psS hnI-k\ - Ø - n¬ \n¿ Æm-b-I-amb ]¶mWv hln-°p-∂Xv. ¢m v apdn-I-fn¬ anI-hns‚ ta\n hnfbn-°p-∂-Xn\v ]©m-bØv `c-W-k-anXnbpw A[ym-]-Icpw {]mtZ-inI kaqlhpw H∂n®v ssItIm¿°p-∂Xv tIcf-Ønse hnZym-eb - ß - f - nepw ¢m v apdnI-fnepw Zriy-amWv. XnI®pw P\m-[n]-Xym-[n-jvTn-Xa - mb ]©m-bØv hnZym`ymk kanXn F√m amkhpw hnZym`ymk {]h¿Ø-\-߃ ]p\-c-h-temI\w sNøp-Ibpw ASpØ amksØ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv ]T\w kpKa-am-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS tIc-fØnse hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bpsS ka{K-hn-I-k\w km[y-amIpw. G‰hpw anI® A∏¿ ss{]adn hnZym`ymkw tIc-f-Øn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v \mjW¬ bqWn-th-gvkn‰n Hm^v πm\nwKv B‚ v AUvan-\n-kvt{S-j≥ hnZym-`ymk hnI- k \ C≥U- I v k n- e qsS c≠p XhW {]Jym- ] n- ® p- I - g n™p. a‰p kwÿm-\-߃°v amXr-I-bmbn tIcf-Øns‚ s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk taJ-e sb i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\v k¿h in £ A`n-bm≥ kaql ]¶m-fn-Øt- Øm sS \nc-¥cw {]h¿Øn®phcp∂p. teJ-I≥ k¿∆ in£m A`n-bm≥, tIc-f-bpsS tÉv t{]mPIv‰v Ub-dI - vSd - m-Wv.

18

P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

kwÿm\Øv _n.]n.F¬ enÃn¬

32.29 e£w IpSpw_߃ aq

∏Ønc≠v e£ØnCcp]ØnH≥]Xn\mbnc ØnFÆq‰nCcp]Ønaq∂v (3229823) IpSpw_ßsf Dƒs∏SpØn kwÿm\Øns‚ ]pXnb Zmcn{ZytcJm enÃv {]kn≤oIcn°p∂Xn\v a{¥nk` Xocpam\n®p. 2009 G{]n¬, sabv amkßfn¬ A≤ym]Isc D] tbmKn®v \SØnb Zmcn{ZytcJm sk≥kkn¬ e`n® hnhcßfpsS ASnÿm\ØnemWv ]pXnb enÃv X ømdm°nbncn°p∂Xv. 2002 apX¬ Zmcn{Zy tcJmenÃv Xømdm°p∂Xn\v Bcw`n® ]cn{iaßfmWv Ct∏mƒ ^e{]m]vXnbnseØnbncn°p∂Xv. {Kma˛\-Kc {]tZißfn¬ \n∂p≈ 7612343 IpSpw _ßfnemWv k¿s∆ \SØnbXv. k¿°m¿/A¿≤ k¿°m¿/FbnUUv/klIcWÿm]\߃/hn hn[ k¿∆okv s]≥j\¿am¿/s]mXptaJem/ss{]h ‰v ÿm]\ßfnse iºfw ]‰p∂ Poh\°m¿/ Bbn cw NXpc{i ASn hnkvXo¿Æap≈ tIm¨{Io‰v sI ´n-S-ß-fpsS DSaÿmhImiap≈ IpSpw_w/hntZi cmPyßfn¬ tPmen sNøp∂hcp≈ IpSpw_w/Htc °dn¬ A[nIw Irjn `qan ssIhiØnep≈ ]´nI h¿§°mscmgnsIbp≈ IpSpw_w F∂nhsc BZy L´Øn¬ Xs∂ Zmcn{ZytcJm enÃn¬ Dƒs∏SpØp ∂Xn\v ]cnKWn®ncp∂n√. ap∏ØnGgve£Øn¬ ∏cw IpSpw_߃ C{]Imcw Xs∂ _n.]n.F¬ en Ãn¬ ]cnKWn°p∂Xn¬ \n∂pw Hgnhmbn. Ahti jn® 3879057 IpSpw_ßfn¬ \n∂pw Zmcn{ZytcJm enÃn¬ Dƒs∏SpØp∂Xn\v \n›bn® kqNIßfpw AhbpsS shbnt‰Pv am¿°pw ASnÿm\am°nbm Wv enÃn\v A¥nacq]w \¬Inbncn°p∂Xv. \Kc{] tZißfn¬ 4.73 e£w IpSpw_߃ Zmcn{ZytcJm ]´nIbn¬ Dƒs∏Sp∂p≠v. 6.98 e£w ]´nI PmXn/ ]´nIh¿§ IpSpw_ßfpw enÃn¬ Dƒs∏Sp∂p≠v. Iqenthe, a’yhym]mchpambn _‘s∏´h¿, tlm´¬ sXmgnemfnIƒ, sNdpInS hym]mc ÿm]\ ßfn¬ tPmen sNøp∂h¿, Xø¬°S/Xø¬tPmen/ Fwt{_mbvUdn/h¿°vtjm∏v sXmgnemfnIƒ/X´p P\phcn 2011

IS/s]´n°S \SØp∂h¿/A\yKrlßfn¬ ho´ptPmen sNøp-∂-h¿/kz¿Æ∏Wn°m¿/ sXßv/ ]\Ib‰ sXmgnemfnIƒ/_m¿_¿/Ccpºp ]Wn °m¿ (sIm√∏Wn)/s\bvØv/]®°dn I®hSw/` t£yXc hkvXp°ƒ sIm≠p\S∂p hn¬°p∂h¿/ tem´dn Sn°‰v hn¬∏\°m¿/a’y kwkvIcW ime Ifn¬ tPmen sNøp∂h¿/hgntbmchmWn`°m¿/ IcIuie sXmgnemfnIƒ/a¨]m{X \n¿ΩmWw/Cu d, apf ]\ºv ]Wn°m¿/Ae°pIm¿ XpSßnb taJ eIfn¬ ]WnsbSp°p∂ F√m IpSpw_ßtfbpw Zmcn{ZytcJmenÃn¬ Dƒs∏SpØnbn´p≠v. kwÿm\Øv \nehnep≈ _n.]n.F¬ enÃn¬ 1723556 (30.61%) IpSpw_ßfmWv Dƒs∏Sp∂Xv. ]p Xnb enÃn¬ CXv 32.29 e£ambn h¿≤n°p∂p (42. 43%). _n.]n.F¬ enÃn¬ Dƒs∏Sp∂ IpSpw_ßfp sS Pn√ Xncn®p≈ IW°v C\n ]dbp∂p. Xncph\¥ ]pcw˛3.99 e£w (47.3%), sIm√w˛3.1 e£w (46.08%), ]Ø\wXn´˛1.14 e£w (36.5%), Be∏pg˛2.56 e£w (48.57%), tIm´bw˛1.93 e£w (41.43%), CSp°n-˛1.53 e£w (55.38%), FdWmIpfw˛ 2.62 e£w (34.23%), Xr»q¿˛2.94 e£w (39.93%), ]me°mSv˛3.02 e£w (48.77%), ae∏pdw ˛2.92 e£w (38.65%), tImgnt°mSv˛ 2.55 e£w (38.73%), hb\mSv˛1.07 e£w (57.46%), IÆq¿˛1.82 e£w (34.09%), Imk¿tKmUv˛1.11 e£w (42.64%) Zmcn{ZytcJm enÃv Xømdm°p∂Xpambn _‘ s∏´v ]cmXn ka¿∏n®n´p≈hcpsSbpw enÃv Xømdm °n {]kn≤oIcn°ptºmƒ e`n°p∂ At]£Ifpw ]cmXnIfpw A≤ym]Isc D]tbmKn®p Xs∂ ]cn tim[n∏n®v Xocpam\saSp°p∂Xn\v Pn√m IfIvS¿ amsc NpaXes∏SpØnbn´p≠v. ]cntim[\bn¬ A¿lsc∂p ImWp∂ IpSpw_ßsf enÃn¬ Dƒ s∏SpØpIbpw A\¿lsc∂v ImWp∂hsc Hgnhm °pIbpw sNøp∂XmWv. ]-©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆o-kv

19


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

`q

*hn.

kp`mjv N{µ-t_mkv B¿. A\n¬Ip-am¿

**tUm.

20

an-bn¬ ]cn-an-X-ambn amdn-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ {]IrXn hn`-h-ßsf AhbpsS ka-{K-X-bn¬ imkv{Xo-b-ambn ssIImcyw sNbvXp-sIm-≠p-am-{Xsa ÿmbn-bmb hnI-k\w km[y-am-hp-Ibp≈q. hcpw-X-e-ap-d-I-fpsS Bh-iy߃°v tIm´w hcmØ \ne- b n¬ C∂sØ hnI-k\ - m-hi - y-߃ t\Sp-Isb-∂X - mWv kpÿnc hnI-k\w F∂ ImgvN-∏m-Sn-eqsS Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv. 1970 se tÃm°vtlmw ktΩ-f\w apXemWv hnI-k-\hpw ]cn-ÿn-Xnbpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w Gsd N¿®-sN-øs∏´p XpS-ßn-bXv. aÆv, Pew, ssPh kºØv F∂n- h - b psS D]- t bm- K Øn¬ ]pXnb ssienbpw {]h¿Ø\-]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw sIm≠p-h-∂p-sIm≠v am{Xsa \ap°v e£yw t\Sm-\m-hp-Ibp≈q. h¿≤n-°p∂ P\-kwJy, hnIk-\m-h-iy-߃ F∂-XmWv Ahÿ. Pe-kº - Ø - pƒs∏sS Ipd-bp∂p F∂p am{X-a√ e`y-am-hp-∂h - X - s∂ aen-\o-Icn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂p. BtKm-fXm-]\ - hpw Imem-hÿmhyXn-bm-\hpw am\-hc - min t\cn-Sp∂ `oj-Wn-If - mWv. `qan-bpsS NqSp h¿≤n-°p-∂Xpw {IamXo-X-ambn A¥-co-£-Øn¬ Im¿_ ¨ssU-Hm-Ivssk-Uns‚ Afhv IqSp∂Xpw ]pXnb sh√p- h n- f n- I - f p- b ¿ Øp∂p. Im¿_¨ssU- H m- I v s skUns‚ Afhv \nb-{¥n-°pI, kutcm ¿÷w t]mep≈ _Z¬ Du¿÷ t{kmX- p-Iƒ hym]-I-am-°pI, agsh≈ kw`-cW am¿§-߃ G¿s∏-SpØpI, IqSp-X¬ h\-h¬°-cWw \SØpI XpS-ßnb hyXykvX am¿§-ßfn-eqsS {]IrXn hn`-h-ßsf kwc-£n°p-hm\pw {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm\pw Ign-bWw. ]pXnb kmt¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-I-fpsS hnI-k-\-Øn-eqsS {]IrXn hn`-h-]-cn]m-e\w km[y-am-°-W-sa∂ \n¿t±ihpw Db¿∂p-hc - p-∂p≠v. Hmtcm {]tZi-Øn\pw A\p-tbm-Py-am-bXpw ]c-amh[n ]cn-ÿnXn k¥p-e\w \ne-\n-dpØp-∂-Xn-\p-am-h-iy-amb CS-s]-S-ep-Ifp- s Sbpw kmt¶- X nI hnZy- I - f psS {]tbm-Khpw Gsd {]m[m-\y-a¿ln-

°p∂p. `qansb IqSp-X¬ lcn-Xm-`ambn ]cn-KW - n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ hnI-k\ ImgvN-∏m-Sp-Iƒ \ΩpsS ap∂n-ep≠v. hn`h XXz-ß-fmb aÆv, Pew, ssPh kºØv F∂n- h sb {]Ir- X n- Z Ø AXn¿h- c - º p- I ƒ°p- ≈ n¬ \n∂pXs∂ kwc-£n-°p-hm\pw {]tbm-P-\s∏-Sp-Øp-hm\pw \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnI-k\ - Ø - n-eqsS Ign-bp-∂X - mWv. Hcp lcnX kº-ZvL-S\ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn¬ \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnI-k-\Øn\v {]ap-J-amb ÿm\-am-Wp-≈Xv. alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {Kmao-WsXm-gn-ep-d∏p ]≤Xn, kwtbm-PnX \o¿Ø-S-]-cn-]m-e\ ]≤Xn, agsb B{i- b n- ° p∂ {]tZ- i - ß ƒ°p≈ tZiob \o¿ØS ]≤Xn, \_m¿Uv ]≤-Xn-Iƒ, ]©m-bØ - p-If - psS X\Xp ]≤-Xn-Iƒ, ]›n-a-L´ hnI-k\ ]cn]mSn XpS-ßnb hnhn[ ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jT v nX {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - mWv \n¿t±-in-®n-´p-≈Xv. ]©m-b-Øo-cmPv ÿm]-\-ß-fmWv Cu ]≤-Xn-I-fp-sSsb√mw Bkq-{X-Icpw \n¿h-l-W°mcpw. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Hcp lcnX kaq- l - k r- j v S n- b n¬ tIc- f - Ø nse Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°v \n¿Wm-b-I-amb ÿm\-am-Wp-≈Xv. aÆv, Pe, ssPh kwc-£W ]≤Xn-If - n-eqsS ka-{K-amb ÿe-Pe ]cn]m-e\w Dd-∏m-°p-hm≥ Cu ]cn-]m-SnI-fn-eqsS Ign-bp-∂-XmWv. DXv]m-Z\ h¿≤-\-hns\ klm-bn°p-∂Xpw {]mtZ-inI ]cn-ÿn-Xnsb IqSn kwc- £ n- ° p∂ \ne- b n- e p≈ Im¿jnI, arK-kw-c-£W, sNdp-InS hcp-am\ h¿≤I ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-∏nem-°p-hm-\p≈ km[y-Xbpw ap∂nep≠v. ]-cn-ÿnXn kwc-£-W-Øn\p klm- b - I - c - a mb h\- h ¬°- c Ww, ssX \gvk-dn-Iƒ, Pe-t{km-X- p-IfpsS kwc-£Ww, tXmSp-I-fp-sSbpw \Zn-I-fp-sSbpw Ipf-ß-fp-sSbpw ]p\cp-≤m-cWw, asÆm-en∏v \nhm-cW ]cn]m-Sn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b \nc-h[n taJ-e-Ifn¬ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \S-Øm-hp-∂XmWv.

P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv Hmtcm ]©m-b-Øn-sebpw sNdp\o¿Ø-Sß - ƒ th¿Xn-cn®v a\- n-em°n hnhn-[-ß-fmb ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬Im-hp-∂XmWv. tIhe hm¿Uv, ]©m-bØv AXn-cp-Iƒ°-Xo-X-am-bn ´mWv `qan-bn¬ {]IrXn hn`-h-߃ hym]n®p InS-°p-∂Xv. \oscm-gp°p hn\ymk coXn-Ifpw Hmtcm \o¿Ø-SØn-sebpw {]IrXn hn`-h-ßsf Hcp bqWn-‰ns‚ `mK-ambn IW-°m-°nbp≈ {]h¿Ø\ coXn-Ifpw \o¿ØSm- [ n- j v T nX hnI- k - \ - Ø n¬ Gsd {]m[m-\y-a¿ln-°p∂p. \o¿Ø-Sm-[njvTnX hnI-k\ taJ-e-bn¬ \nc-h[n km[y-Xb - p-≈t- ∏mƒ [mcmfw sh√p-hnfn-Ifpw ap∂n-ep≠v. {]iv\-߃ tIc-f-Ønse \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnI-k\ taJe t\cn-Sp∂ {]iv\ßsf {][m-\-ambpw \mev hn`m-K-ßfn- e mbn Dƒs∏- S p- Ø m- h p- ∂ - X mWv . `uXn-Ihpw ssPh-]-c-hp-amb LS-I߃, kmaqly˛kmº-ØnI LS-I߃, kwLm-SI LS-I-߃, kmt¶XnI LS- I - ß ƒ F∂n- h - b m- W h. hm¿Uv, ]©m-bØv (dh\yq, `cW) AXn-cp-Ifpw \o¿ØS AXn-cp-Ifpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXn-bm\w ]e-t∏mgpw {]iv \ - ß ƒ krjv S n- ° m- d p≠v . Hcp hm¿Uv / ]©m- b Øv ]e \o¿Ø- S Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂Xpw Hcp \o¿ØS ]≤-Xn-bn¬ hm¿Un-s‚sbm ]©m-bØn-s‚sbm Ipsd `mKw Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ \o¿Ø-S-Øn\v ]pdØp ÿnXn-sN-øp∂Xpw ]e-t∏mgpw {]iv\-ß-fmWv. kwÿm-\Øv icm-icn h¿j-Øn¬ 110 apX¬ 120 Znhkw hsc am{Xsa agbp≈q. Cu Npcp-ßnb Znh-k-ß-fnse ag-bpsS \s√mcp `mKw Ncn-hp≈ `q{]Ir-Xn-bm-b-Xn-\m¬ thK-Øn¬ D]-cnXe \oscm- g p- ° n- e qsS IS- e n- s eØp∂p. `qan-bpsS Ncnhv, ]md-bpsS LS\, aÆns‚ I\w, kz`mhw, \navt\m-∂Xn, \Zn-I-fpsS \of-Ønsebpw hoXn-bn-sebpw Ipdhv XpSßnb hnhn[ `uXnI LS-I-ß-fpsS kzm[o\w \o¿ØS ]cn- ] m- S n- I sf k¶o¿Æ-am-°p∂p. hfsc thK-Øn¬ amdp-∂Xpw Ne\m-fl-I-hp-amb `qhn-\n-tbmK Im¿ jnI coXn-Iƒ, sI´n-S-߃, tdmUpIƒ F∂n-hb - ° v mbn [mcmfw `qan am‰n hbvt°≠ kml-N-cy-߃, GI hnfI-fpsS B[nIyw, \K-c-h¬°-cWw XpS-ßnb kmaqly kmº-ØnI LSI- ß fpw \mw N¿®- s N- ø - s ∏- t S- ≠ XmWv. \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX ]cn-]m-Sn-IfpsS KpW-^ew e`n-°p-hm≥ FSp°p∂ ka-bhpw ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-SWw. h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ Pem-h-iy-ß-fp-sSbpw P\phcn 2011

a‰pw ^e-ambn hym]-I-ambn InW-dpIƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂p≠v. `qK¿` Pe-hnXm-\-Øn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ {Iam-Xo-X-amb Ipdhv ]cn-ÿnXn {]iv\ß - f - pƒs∏sS krjvSn-°p∂p. Im¿jnI taJ-e-tbmSp≈ P\-ßf - psS Xm¬]-cyhpw {][m\ taJ-e-bmWv. P\-ß-fpsS ]¶m-fnØw Kuc-ha- mbn N¿®-sN-øs - ∏-SWw. tIhew Ipsd ]≤-Xn-Ifpw \n¿Ωm-W{- ]-h¿Ø\- ß fpw \S- ∏ n- e m- ° n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ pam{Xw {]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-°m-\m-hn√. P\-Iob CS-s]-S¬ \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnI-k\ - Ø - n¬ ÿe-]c - a - mb CS-s]-Se - p-Iƒ°v henb ÿm\-am-Wp-≈Xv. AXp-t]mse Hcp {]tZ-i-Øns‚ ka-{K-hn-I-k-\-amWv e£yw. Db¿∂ `q`mKw apX¬ Xmgvhc hsc \o¿Ø-SsØ H∂msI ]cn-KW - n®mWv ]≤Xn hn`m-h\w sNtø-≠Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ \o¿Ø-S-Ønse P\-߃°v {][m\ ÿm\-am-Wp-≈Xv. hnhn[ Xe-Øn-ep≈ P\-]-¶m-fnØw A\n-hm-cy-amb LS-I-amWv. cq]-s∏´p hcp∂ Hmtcm BkvXn-bp-sSbpw kwc£-WØ - nepw XpS¿]-cn-]m-e\ - Ø - n\pw Ipd-hp-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂-Xnepw P\߃ CS-s]-´p-sIm-≠p-am-{Xsa ]≤-XnIƒ ÿmbn kz`m- h - a p- ≈ - h - b m°n am‰m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp≈q. P\-ß-fpsS ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏m-°p∂-Xn\pw P\-ß-fpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]≤Xn Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏n-em°p-∂X - n\pw \nc-h[n kwLm-SI {]h¿ Ø- \ - ß fpw kwL- S \m cq]- ß fpw kPo-h-am-tI-≠-Xp≠v. P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nIƒ, DtZym-K-ÿ¿, hnZ-Kv[¿, k∂≤ {]h¿Ø-I¿, km[m-cW P\-߃ F∂nh-cpsS Iq´m-bvabpw kl-I-c-Whpw AXym-h-iy-amWv. \o¿Ø-S IΩn-‰n, \o¿ØS kmt¶-XnI kan-Xn, \o¿ØS -{Kmak`m tamWn-‰-dnwKv kan-Xn-Iƒ F∂n-h-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eq-≠mIp∂ GsXmcp LS-Ihpw ]≤-XnbpsS hnP- b sØ kzm[o- \ n- ° p- ∂ XmWv. hnhn[ kan-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw kwL-S\-I-fp-sSbpw \nb-a-]-chpw kmº-ØnIhpw kwLm-S\-]-c-hp-amb taJ-e-Ifn¬ {]iv\-߃ D≠m-Im-dp≠v. Hmtcm {]tZ-iØ - n\pw A\p-tbm-Pyam-bXpw sNehp Ipd-™Xpw AtX kabw kpÿn-ca - mbn Zo¿L-ambn \ne\n¬°p-∂-Xp-amb kmt¶-XnI hnZy-IfpsS sXc-s™-Sp∏v ]e-t∏mgpw {]Xnk‘n krjvSn-°m-dp≠v. {]mtZ-in-Iambn e`n- ° p∂ Akw- k vIrX ]Zm¿∞-ßf - p-]t- bm-Kn®v ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-Øm-\m-bm¬ Nnehv Ipdbv°mw. ]s£ Ah A\p-tbm-Py-am-hW - s - a∂v

\n¿_-‘a - n√. A\p-tbm-Py-am-bh e`n°p-tºmƒ Nnehv h¿≤n-°p-hm\pw km[y-X-bp≠v. Nnehpw A\p-tbm-Pyam-bXpw {]mtZ-inI e`y-X-bp-sams° ]cn- K - W n- ° p- t ºm- g mWv Nne- t ∏mƒ Zo¿L-Im-e-Øn¬ Nne ]mcn-ÿnXnI {]iv\-ß-fp-≠m-Ip-∂Xv. ]cn-ÿnXn kwc- £ - W - Ø n\v klm- b - I - a m- I p∂Xpw Zo¿L-Imew ]m¿iz-Zq-jy-ßsfm∂pw \¬Im-ØXpw {]mtZ-in-Iambn Akw-kvIrX ]Zm¿∞-ßfpw hnZKv[ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ e`n-°p-∂Xpw Nne-hp-Ip-d-™-Xp-amb kmt¶-Xn-I-hnZy-Iƒ C\nbpw Is≠-Øn-s°m-≠p-am{Xsa {]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-°m-\mhq. kpXm-cyX Dd-∏m-°p-∂X - nse {]iv \-߃, Icm¿ hy-hÿ, P\-]¶ - m-fnØ Ipdhv, Agn-aXn, P\-ß-fpsS Xmev]cy-an-√mbva, ]cn-io-e-\-Ønse Ipdhv, at\m-`mhw, DØ-ch - m-Zn-Xz-an-√mbva XpSßnb \nc-h[n sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb {]iv\-ßfpw \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTn-X- ta-Jesb k¶o¿Æ-am-°p∂p. Pe kzm{i-bXzw, `£y-kp-c£, ]cn-ÿnXn kwc-£Ww F∂nh Dd∏m°n Hcp lcn-Xk - a - q-lØ - n-te-°p≈ {]bm-W-Øn¬ Gsd km[y-X-I-fp≈ \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnI-k\ ]cn-]m-SnI-fnse {]iv\-ßfpw IS-º-Ifpw am‰nsb- S p- ° p- h m≥ Xt±- i - k z- b w- ` - c W ÿm]-\-߃°p Ign-tb-≠-XmWv. aÆn-s\bpw Pe-sØbpw ssPh-k-ºØn-s\bpw kwc-£n®v ]c-am-h[n Du¿ ÷-em`w Dd-∏m-°n-bp≈ Hcp lcn-Xk- º - Z v h y- h ÿ \ΩpsS e£y- a mhWw. am¿§w \o¿Ø-Sm-[n-jvTnX hnIk- \ hpw. ap∂n¬ am¿§- ß - f p≠v . e£yw t\Sp-hm-\mWv \mw {ian-t°≠Xv. ag s]tø-≠Xv a\p-jy-a-\-kpI-fn-emWv. amtd-≠Xv at\m-`m-h-amWv. a\kv aen-\a- m-Ip-∂n-SØv aÆpw, hnÆpw, Pehpw ssPh-kº - Øpw F√mw aen\-am-Ip∂p. t\sc-a-dn®pw. taJe \ne\n¬∏n-t‚-XmWv. \Ωp-sSbpw `mhn Xe-ap-d-I-fp-sSbpw. * teJ-I≥ Kth-j-I\mWv. ** teJ-I≥ bqWn-th-gvkn‰n tImtfPn¬ Akn v s{]m^-kdmWv.

21


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

A[n-Imc hntI-{µo-I-cW N¿®mthZn-bn¬ \n∂v sFIy-cm-{„-k-`-bpsS C¥y≥ hn`m-K-ß-fpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Hcp-°p∂ N¿®m-th-Zn-bmWv skmeq-j≥ FIvkvtN©v (Solu- ƒ°p≈ ]cn-lmcw ssIam-dm-s\mcp thZn. A[n-Imc hntI-{µo-Ic - W - hpw Xt±-i` - c - W - ÿ mtion Exchange). hnI-k\ {]iv\ß ]-\-ß-sfbpw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-X-Ip∂ Uosk≥{S-sse-tk-j≥ IΩyq-Wn‰n (Decentralization Community) Cu N¿®m-th-ZnbpsS `mK-amWv. A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-cWw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mbn {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-hsc H∂n®p sIm ≠p-h-cp-hm\pw Bi-bßfpw A\p-`-h-ßfpw ssIam-dp-hm\pw C˛sabn¬ kwhn-[m-\-Øn-eq-sSbpw tbmK-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw {]h¿Øn-°p∂ thZn-bmWnXv. Ign™ amkw A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-cW N¿®m-th-Zn-bn¬ \S∂ N¿®-bpsS kw£n]vX cq]-amWv NphsS tN¿Øn-cn°p-∂Xv.

hnjbw : Pehn-X-cW ]≤-Xn-bnepw ipNnXz ]≤-Xn-bnepw ]©m-b-Øo-cmPv ÿm]-\-߃°p≈ ]¶pw ]cn-N-bhpw  Pe-hn-Xc - W - Øn\pw ipNnXzØn\p-ap≈ ]≤-XnIƒ°v cq]w \¬Ip--∂Xnepw ]cn-]m-en-°p∂Xnepw \ne-hn¬ ]©m-

b-Øo-cmPv ÿm]-\-߃°p≈ Ignhpw ]cn-N-bhpw Gs¥-√m-am-Wv.  Pe-hn-X-c-W-˛-ip-NnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬Ip∂Xnepw ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏ns‚ hne-bn-cp-Ø-enepw ]©m-b-ØocmPv ÿm]-\-߃ sa®-s∏´ ]¶phln-®-Xns‚ DZm-l-c-W-߃.  alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnep-d∏v ]≤-Xn-bn-eq-sSbpw a‰v Zmcn{Zy\n¿Ωm¿÷\ ]≤-Xn-bn-eq-sSbpw Pe-hn-X-cW ipNnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w\¬In \S∏m-°n-bn-´pt≠m?

{]Xn-I-c-W-߃ Npcp-°-Øn¬ {Kma-hn-I-k\ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m °p∂--X n¬ {Kma- ] - © m- b - Ø p- I ƒ °p≈ ]¶v hfsc hep-XmWv. AXp t]mse Xs∂ Pe-hn-X-cW ˛ip-NnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m-°p--∂Xn¬ {Kma-]©m-b-Øn\pw {Kma-Ønse Pe-˛-ipNnXz IΩn-‰n°pw D≈ ]¶v \n¿Æmb Iam-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S∏m-°p--∂Xn¬ {Kma-]-©m-b-Øn\pw Pe-˛i - p-NnXz IΩn-‰n°pw kmt¶-XnI Adn-hn-t‚bpw ^≠n-t‚bpw A]-cym]vXX \ne-\n¬°p∂-p. ]≤- X n- I ƒ AXp-sIm≠pXs∂ ^e-{]-Z-ambn \S∏m-°p--∂Xn\v km[n-°msX hcp∂-p.

22

F∂m¬ tIcfw, I¿Æm-S-Iw, alm cmjv{S, KpP-dmØv F∂o kwÿm-\ßfnse ]©m-bØ - p-Iƒ Pe-hn-Xc - W ipNnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬In \S-∏m-°p--∂Xn¬ ap∂n´p \n¬°p∂p. {Kma-Øn¬ Pe-hn-X-cW ˛ip-NnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬In \S-∏m-t°≠-Xns‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw ]©m-b-ØpIƒ°m-Wv. AXpt]mse Xs∂ D]tbm- K - Ø ns‚ tXmXv A\p- k - c n- ® v hm´¿ Nm¿÷v CuSm-°p-Ibpw ]ºv Hm∏-td-‰dpsS thX\hpw a‰v A‰-Ip-‰∏-Wn-Ifpw \S-tØ≠ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzhpw ]©m-b-Øn-\p-≠v. IqSmsX {Kma- h m- k n- I sf t_m[- h ¬°cn®v

kºq¿Æ ipNnXz b⁄Øn¬ \njv I¿jn-®n-cn-°p∂-Xpt]mse {Kma-Øn¬ ipNnXzw Dd-∏m-t°-≠X - ns‚ DØ-ch - mZn-Øhpw {Kma-]-©m-b-Øn-\p-≠v. Pe-hn-X-cW ˛ip-NnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S- ∏ m- ° p-- ∂ Xn¬ ]©m- b - Ø n\v \n¿ÆmbI-]-¶mWv hln-°p-hm-\p-≈Xv. F∂m¬ CXp ^e-{]-Z-ambn \n¿∆ ln-°p--∂Xn\v ^≠pw, ]≤-Xn-bp-w, DtZym- K - ÿ - c p- w {Kma- ] - © m- b - Ø pIƒ°mh- i y- a m- W v . C°m- c y- Ø n¬ tI{µk¿°mcn\v {][m\ ]¶mWv \n¿h-l° - m\p≈-Xv. {Kma-]© - m-bØ - pIƒ°m- h - i y- a mb ^≠v tI{µmhn jvIrX ]≤-Xn-I-fneq-sSbpw A[nI P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv kmº-ØnI klm-b-Ømepw ]©mb-Øp-Iƒ°v e`y-am-°p--∂Xn\v Ign-bWw. tI{µk¿°mcns\t∏mse Xs∂ kwÿm\ [\- I m- c y- I - Ω oj\pw Pn√m-πm-\nwKv IΩn‰n-Iƒ°pw C°m-cy-Øn¬ \n¿ÆmbI ]¶mWv D≈-Xv. Npcp-°Ø - n¬ {Kma-]© - m-bØpIƒ PehnX-cW ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬ Ip-Ibpw sse≥ Un∏m¿´psa‚nse kmt¶XnI DtZym-K-ÿ-cpsS klmb-tØm-sSbpw hnt√Pv Pe-˛-ip-NnXz IΩ-‰n-bpsS ta¬t\m-´-Øn¬ \S-∏m°p-Ibpw thWw. F∂m¬ H´pan° ]©mb-Øp-Ifpw C°m-cy-Øn¬ CSs]- S p--∂ Xmbn ImWp- ∂ n- √ . adn®v ]q¿ØoIcn® ]≤-Xn-Iƒ ]©m-bØn\v ssIam-dp--∂Xm-bmWv ImWp-∂Xv. CØ-c-Øn¬ ssIam-d-s∏-Sp∂ ]≤Xn-Iƒ F√mw Xs∂ ]cm-P-b-s∏Sp-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv. CØcw ]≤-Xn-Iƒ ]©m-b-Øn-t‚tbm kaq-l-Øn-t‚ tbm DS-aÿ - X - b - n¬ h∂p ImWp∂-n√ - . AXpsIm≠pXs∂ hm´¿ Nm¿÷v ]ncn-°p-Itbm A‰-Ip-‰-]-Wn-Iƒ \SØp-Itbm sNøs∏Sp-∂pan√. AtX-k-abw Xs∂ ]≤-Xn-cq-]o-IcWw apX¬ AXns‚ ]q¿Øo-Ic - Ww hsc ]©m-bØ - p-Iƒ \n¿Æm-bI ]¶v hln-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ hfsc hnP-b{]-Z-ambn \S∂-p-h-cp--∂Xmbn ImWphm≥ Ignbpw. CXn\v -D-Zm-l-c-W-amWv alm-cmjv{S kwÿm-\sØ "k¥v KmUvsP kzNXm A`n-bm≥' ]≤-Xn.Cu ]≤Xnbn-eqsS [mcmfw {Kma߃ ]ptcm-KXn ssIh-cn-°p-Ibpw P\-ß-

fpsS PohnX \ne-hmcw Dbcp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xms\ Pn√-bn-ep≈ al-eqcv {Kmaw Cu ]≤-Xn-bn-eqsS ]ptcm-KXn t\Sp-Ibpw [mcmfw Ahm¿Up-Iƒ hmßpIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v. Cu {Kmaw c≠m-bncam≠n¬ kºq¿Æ ipNnXz {Kmaw Bhp-Ibpw Cu \ne Ct∏mgpw XpS-cp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v. lcn-bm-\-bnse kn¿k Pn√-bnse Ieu\ ]©m- b Øpw kºq¿Æ ipNnXzw ssIh-cn® ]©m-b-Øm-Wv. tÉv C≥sk‚ohv ]≤-Xn-bn-eqsS bmWv Cu ]©m-bØv t\´w ssIhcn-®Xv. ]≤Xn A\p-kc - n®v F√m h - o-SpIfnepw iuNm-e-b-ßfpw Jc-am-en-\ykw-kv°-cW ]≤-Xnbpw ag-sh≈ kw`-c-Wnbpw \S-∏m-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. almflmKm‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnep-d∏v ]≤-Xnbpw CXn-\mbn ]©m-bØv {]tbm-P-\-s∏-SpØn. KpPdmØv, alm-cmjv{S, lnam-N¬ {]tZiv F∂o kwÿm-\-ßfpw Pe-hn-X-c-W˛- i p- N nXz ]≤- X n- I ƒ°v alm- fl mKm‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnep-d∏v ]≤-Xn-bpsS ^≠v {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-SpØn hcp-∂p. B{‘m{]-tZ-inse hmdwK¬ Pn√bn-ep≈ "KwKm-tZhn∏≈n' {Kma hnIk\ ]≤-Xn-If - n¬ \n∂p-≈ ^≠v D]tbm-Kn®v IpSn-sh≈ ]≤Xn°v cq]w \¬In hnP-b-Icambn \S-∏m-°p-I-bp≠m-bn. AXpt]mse Xs∂ P\-ßsf t_m[-h¬°-cn®v hoSp-I-fn-sebpw Irjn-bn-S-ß-fn-sebpw Pe-Øns‚ D]tbmKw ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øn. ChnsS Pe kwkv°-c-W-Øn\v πm‚ v ÿm]n-°p-

Ibpw ^v f qssdUv \o°nb IpSnsh≈w 20 en‰-dn\v 1 cq] \nc-°n¬ P\-߃°v \¬IpIbpw sNøp∂-p. AXpt]mse Xs∂ Xpd- k mb ÿesØ ae-˛-aq{X hnk¿ ÷\w Hgnhm-°p-Ibpw AXp Dd-∏m-°p--∂Xn\mbn IΩ-‰n°v cq]w \¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. ChnsS Xpd-   mb ÿesØ ae-˛a - q-{X-hn-k¿÷-\Ø - n\v ]©m-bØv \√ XpI ss^≥ Bbn NpaØn hcp-∂p. Xangv\m´nse Xncp®n-d-∏-≈n Pn√-bn-ep≈ ]©m-b-ØpIƒ Hcp k∂≤ kwL- S - \ - b psS klm-b-tØmsS 400 hnt√-Pp-I-fn¬ "At m- k n- t b- j ≥ t^m¿ hm´¿, km\n-t´j≥ B‚ v sslPo≥' IΩ‰n°v cq]w \¬In. Cu IΩn-‰n-bpsS apJy D]-tZ-jvSmhv ]©m-bØv {]knU‚mWv. IqSmsX AtX amk-Øn¬ \S-°p∂ IΩ-‰n tbmK-ß-fn¬ {]knU‚ v \n›-b-ambpw ]s¶-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-h-cp∂-p. ]›na _wKm-fnse Ing-°≥ anUv\m-]q-cn¬ "cma-IrjvWm temIvin£m ]cn-jØn's‚ klm-btØmsS ipNnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ hnP-bI-c-ambn \S-∏m°n hcp∂-p. KpP-dm-Ønse I®v Pn√-bn¬ "kPoh≥' F∂ k∂≤ kwL-S\ IpSn-sh≈ ipNnXz ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m-°p∂--Xn¬ ]©m-b-Øp-Isf klm-bn®v hcp∂-p. cmP-ÿm-\nse `c-Xv]q¿ Pn√-bnse ]©m- b - Ø p- I ƒ alm- fl m- K m‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnep-d∏v ]≤-Xnbp-tSbpw k∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-fp-tSbpw klm-b-tØmsS hnt√-Pp-I-fn-ep≈ Ipf-߃ ]p\-cp-≤-cn®v hcp∂-p. apI-fn¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p∂ DZm-l-cW-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Hcp Imcyw hy‡am-W.v ]©m-bØ - p-Iƒ°v Bh-iy-amb ^≠pw Poh-\-°mcpw \√ ]≤-XnIfpw Ds≠-¶n¬ {Kmaß-fn¬ IpSnsh≈ ˛ ipNnXz ]≤-Xn-I-fpƒs∏sS ]e ]≤-Xn-Ifpw hnP-b-I-c-ambn \S∏m- ° p--∂ Xn\pw {Kmaß- f psS apJOmb Xs∂ am‰n-sb-Sp-°p--∂Xn\pw \n›-b-ambpw km[n-°pw. Cu N¿®- b psS hni- Z mw- i - ß ƒ, klm-b-I-c-amb tcJ-Iƒ F∂n-hbv t°m A`n-{]m-b-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xnt\m, Uosk≥{S-sse-tk-j≥ IΩyqWn-‰n-bn¬ AwK-am-Ip-∂-Xnt\m tPmbv Cf-a¨ (joyelamon@un.org.in), So\m amYq¿ (tina.mathur@un.org.in) F∂nh¿s°- g p- X p- I tbm www.solutione xchange_un.net.in F∂ sh_vssk‰v kµ¿in-°p-Itbm sNøpI. Xøm-dm-°n-bXv: tUm.-tPmbv Cf-a¨ Uosk‚-{S-sse-tk-j≥ IΩyq-Wn‰n skmeqj≥ FIvktv N-©,v bpssW-‰Uv t\j≥kv. ae-bm-f-Øn-tebv°v ]cn-h¿Ø\w \S-Øn-bXv: sk‚¿ t^m¿ dqd¬ amt\-Pvsa‚ v, tIm´bw.

P\phcn 2011

23


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Hm^okv s]mXp-ÿm-]\

ipNn-Xz Imº-bn≥

]©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆okv

ip

NnXz taJ-e-bnepw Jc-am-en\y ]cn-]m-e\ cwKØpw Km¿lnI˛ ÿm]\ amen-\y ]cn-]m-e\ cwKØpw Bh-i-y-amb CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ \S-Øphm\pw P\-ß-fpsS Cu cwK-Øp-ff ipNn-Xz Ah-t_m[w ky-jvSn-°p-hm\p-am-bmWv "amen-\yap‡ tIcfw" ]≤Xn hgn k¿°m¿ e£-y-an-´Xv. CXns‚ `mK-ambn 2008˛09, 2009-˛10 Ime-bf - h - n¬ B^okv ÿm]\ ipNnXz Imº-bn≥ anI® coXn-bn¬ \S∏m-°nb ÿm]-\-ßsfbpw Hm^o-kpIsfbpw k¿°m¿ Ahm¿Up- I ƒ \evIn AwKo-I-cn-®n-cp∂-p. CXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ 2010˛11 Ime-bf - h - n¬ Cu Imº-bn≥ XpS-cm≥ k¿°m¿ Xocp- a m- \ n- ® p. CX- \ p- k - c n®v 2010 Unkw_¿ 1 apX¬ 2011 s^{_phcn 28 hsc ÿm]\ ipNnXz Imºbn≥ Imeambn BNcn°p∂XmWv. Hmtcm B^okv XeØnepw ipNnXzI¿Ω ]cn-]mSn Xømdm°p∂Xn\pw, AXn s‚ \n¿∆lWw \nco£n°p∂Xn\p ambn Poh\°msc Dƒs°mffn®p sIm≠v ipNnXz I¿ΩkanXn cq]oI cnt°≠Xpw I¿Ω]cn- ] mSn Xøm dmt°≠XpamWv. CXn-\mbn AXXv B^okv ta[mhnIƒ ap≥ssI FSp t°≠XmWv. I¿Ω ]≤Xn Xømdm °ptºmƒ B^oknt‚bpw ]cnkc Ønt‚bpw hrØn, Poh\°m¿°pw s]mXpP\߃°pw tSmbve‰v kuI cyw, kv{XoIƒ°pw AwKsshIeyap ffh¿°pw D]tbmKn°m≥ ]‰p∂ {]tXyI kuIcy߃ Dff tSmbve‰p-Iƒ, shffw sI´n\n¬°mØXpw hrØnbpffXpamb B^okv tImºu ≠v, amen\y kwkv°cW kwhn[m\w, IpSnshff kuIcyw, πmÃnIv hnap ‡amb B^okv ]cn-k-c-w, sdt°m¿ Uvdqw k÷am°¬, B^okv tIm ºu≠n¬ ^ehr£ ssXIƒ \S¬, ]®°dn/]qt¥m´w k÷oIcn°¬ XpSßnb LSI߃ Dƒs∏SptØ

24

≠XmWv. Cu Iymº-bn≥ ImeØv s]mXp-P\ - Ø - n\v tSmbve‰v, IpSn-sh≈ kuIcyw F∂nh \n¿_-‘-ambpw G ¿s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xm-Wv. sk{I´dnamcptSbpw, hIp∏pXe DtZymKÿcptSbpw A≤y£Xbn¬ tNcp∂ AhtemI\ tbmKßfn¬ B^okv ipNnXzhpw I¿Ω]cn-]mSn ]ptcm-KXn AhtemI\hpw \n¿_‘ ambpw {]tXyI AP≠bmbn Dƒs∏ SptØ≠Xm-Wv. Hmtcm hIp∏pw B^okpIfn¬ Bhiyw th≠ ipNnXz kuIcy ߃ G¿s∏-Sp-Øp--∂Xn\v Bh-iy-ambn hcp∂ A[nI kmº-ØnI _m[yX IW-°m°n k¿°m-cn-s\ Adn-bn-t°≠XmWv. {Kma{]tZißfn¬ B^okp-I-fp-tSbpw s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-ß-fptSbpw ]cnkc߃ ipNnbm°p∂ Xn\mbn tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnep d∏p ]≤Xn (Hcp XhW am{Xw) D] tbmKs∏SpØmhp∂XmWv . \Kc {]tZiØv Aø¶mfn \Kc sXmgnep d∏v ]≤Xn ]cnkcw ipNnbm°en\v {]tbmP\s∏SpØmhp∂ XmWv. B^okv ipNnXz {]h¿Ø\߃

GtIm]n∏n°p∂Xn\mbn Hmtcm hIp∏pw t\mU¬ Hm^oksd kwÿm\ Xe-Ønepw Pn√m-X-e-ßfnepw \nb-an-t°-≠XmWv. Pn√m-X-eØnepw kwÿm\ Xe-Ønepw _‘s∏´ hIp-∏ns‚ Iogn-ep≈ hnhn[ B^o-kp-If -- p-tSbpw ÿm]-\-ß-fptSbpw ipNnXz I¿Ω ]cn-]m-SnbpsS ]ptcm- K Xn Ah- t em- I \w \S- t Ø≠Xpw \n¿∆-lWw \nco-£n-t°-≠Xpw Bh-iy-amb ]n≥XpW klmbw e`yam-t°-≠Xpw t\mU¬ B^o-k¿am-cpsS DØ-ch - m-ZnXzw Bbn-cn-°pw. s]mXp- P \ kuIm- c ym¿∞w knhn¬ tÃj≥, an\n knhn¬ tÃj≥, tImSXn kap-—-b-߃, a‰v B^okv kap-—-b-߃ F∂n-h-bpsS ]cn-k-c-Ømbn tSmbve‰v tImwπ-IvkpIƒ ÿm]n-t°-≠X - m-Wv. Xt±i`cW ÿm]\߃°v ssIam‰w sNøs∏´ ÿm]- \ - ß - f n¬/Hm^okpIfn¬ IpSnsh≈˛ipNnXz kuIcy߃ G¿s∏SpØp∂Xv _‘-s∏´ Xt±i `cW ÿm]\ßfpsS Npa-Xe Bbncn°pw. Pn√bnse Hm^okv/ÿm]\ P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv ipNnXz {]h¿Ø\ßfpsS s]mXphmb GtIm]\w Pn√m IfIvS¿ \n¿ ∆ln°p- ∂ Xm- b n- c n°pw. hnImkv `h≥, ]ªnIv Hm^okv, knhn¬ tà j≥ XpSßnb ÿeßfnse FtÉv Hm^ok¿am¿ Cu kap-—-b-ß-fnse I¿Ω]cn]mSn cq]o-I-cn-°p∂--Xnepw Ah \S-∏n-em-°p--∂Xnepw {]tXyI {i≤ \¬tI≠XmWv. Hm^oknse dn°m¿Uv dqw hy-Øn-bmbpw `wKnbmbpw kq£n-t°≠-XmWv. ]gb dnt°m¿UpIƒ kq£n°p∂Xn\v ]pcmtcJ hIp∏pambn _‘s∏´v \S]Sn kzoIcnt°≠-Xm-Wv. Cu Imº-bn≥ Ime-bf - h - n¬ XpS¿®-bmbn c≠mgvNbnsemcn°¬ Poh\°mcpsS tbmKw tN¿∂v XßfpsS Hm^o kns‚/ÿm]\Øns‚ ipNnXz I¿ Ω]cn]mSnbpsS \S-Øn∏v ]ptcm-KXn Ah-tem-I\w sNtø-≠X - m-W.v AXns‚ dnt∏m¿´v kwÿm\ Xe-Øn¬ tiJ cn°pIbpw thWw. Poh-\° - m-cpsS ]¶m-fn-Øt- Øm-sSbp-ff B^okv ÿm]\ ipNn-Xz ]cn]mSn hne-bn-cpØn AwKo-Imcw \¬Iphm≥ k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n-®n´p≠v. Ahm¿Uv \n¿Æb coXn kzbw hne-bn-cp-ج:˛ AXmXv B^okv / ÿm]\w Xøm- d m- ° p∂ {]h¿Ø\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS ]q¿Øo-Ic - W-hpw ssIh-cn® t\´hpw B^oknse aqey \n¿Æ-b-Øn-\mbn Xncs™-Sp-°p∂ kanXn hne-bn-cpØn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp--∂XmWv k-zbw hne-bncp-ج L´w. kmaq-ly ]cn-tim-[-\:˛ Xt±i ÿm]\ Xe-Øn¬ sXc-s™-Sp-°s∏- S p∂ kmaq- l y {]h¿Ø- I - c pw kmt¶-XnI hnZ-K≤cp-a-S-ßp∂ Hcp k∂≤ kan-Xn-bm-bn-cn°pw kmaq-ly ]cn-tim-[\ \S-Øp-I. kzbw hne-bncp-Ø-ens\ ASn-ÿm\am°n-bm-bncn°pw Soans‚ dnt∏m¿´v. t{KUnwKpw Ahm¿Upw:˛ Pn√m If-IvS¿ \ntbm-Kn-°p∂ Hcp ]cn-tim[\m kanXn B^o-kns‚/ÿm]-\Øns‚ ipNn-Xz \ne-hmcw \n¿Æ-bn®v G‰hpw sa®- s ∏´- X v , sa®s∏´- X v , Xy]vXn-Icw F∂o \ne-bn¬ t{KUv sNøp-Ibpw sNøpw. XpS¿∂v Xmeq°v Xe-Ønepw/Pn√m Xe-Ønepw G‰hpw sa®s∏´ c≠v s]mXp ÿm]-\-ß ƒ°pw/B^o-kp-Iƒ°p-amWv Ahm ¿Uv \¬Ip-I. kwÿm\ Xe-Øn¬ c≠v B^okp-Iƒ°pw, Pn√m Xe-Øn¬ aq∂v B^o-kp-Iƒ°pw, Xmeq°v Xe-Øn¬ Adp-]Ø - n-aq∂v B^o-kp-Iƒ°pamWv Iymjv Ahm¿Uv \¬Ip∂Xv. P\phcn 2011

ip≤Pew, ipNnXzw, BtcmKyw GIZn\ inev]ime

P

ekar≤n sIm≠v A\p{Kln °s∏´ \mSmWv \ΩpsS tIcfw. {]Xnh¿jw Ipd™Xv 3000 an√nao‰¿ ag \ap°v e`n°p∂p. 44 \ZnIfpw BbnctØmfw t]mjI\ZnIfpw FÆa‰ Pemibßfpw sIm≠v kº ∂amWv tIcfw. tIcfØnse sXc s™Sp°s∏´ {]tZißfn¬ CWRDM \SØnb ]T\Øn¬ PeØns‚ icm icn {]Xnio¿j D]t`mKw \Kc{]tZ ißfn¬ 162 en‰dpw {Kma{]tZiß fn¬ 169 en‰dpamsW∂v Is≠Øn bn´p≠v. P\߃ Xnßn∏m¿°p∂ tIcfØnse Btfmlcn Pee`yX acp{]tZiamb cmPÿmt\°mƒ Ipd hmWv. \ZnIsfbpw ]pgIsfbsams° amen\y°pgnIƒ BbmWv BfpIƒ C∂v IW°m°p∂Xv. Ch am{Xa√ InW¿sh≈w t]mepw C∂v aen\o Icn°s∏´psIm≠ncn°p∂p. Cu PohPew \ap°v am{Xa√ hcp∂ Xe apdbv°p IqSn AhImis∏´XmsW ∂ t_m[w \Ωƒ°p≠mtb Xocq. ip≤Pehpw ipNnXzhpw sa®s∏´ BtcmKyØn\v AXy¥mt]£nX amWv. ipNnXzw Ipdhmb ÿeß fnepw ip≤Pe£maw D≈bnSØp amWv tcmK߃ IqSpXembn I≠ph cp∂Xv. th≠ coXnbn¬ ip≤oIcn®n s√¶n¬ CXnse _mIvSocnb, ssh dkv, t{]mt´mtkmh F∂o ssPham en\yßfpw a‰v cmkhkv X p°fpw \sΩ tcmKØn\Snas∏SpØp∂p. hoSns‚ ]cnkcØv aen\Pew sI´n \n¬°p∂XpsIm≠pw ipNnXzan√mbv a aqehpw tcmKImcnIfmb kq£va PohnIƒ s]cpIphm\pw tcmKw ]S¿∂p ]nSn°m\pw CSbmIp∂p-. \ap°nSbn ¬ I≠phcp∂ tcmKßfn¬ 80%hpw PeØneqsS ]Icp∂ tcmKßfmWv. ]e tcmKßfpw sh≈Øn¬ IqSn] Icp∂h, sh≈hpambn _‘s∏´h F∂nßs\ Xcw Xncn®n´p≠v. ssS t^mbvU,v tImfd, hbdnf°tcmK߃ F∂nhsb√mw ]Icp∂Xn¬ aen\ amb IpSnsh≈Øn\p≈ ]¶v hfsc hepXmWv. PeP\ytcmK߃ XSbm≥ \ap°v Ht´sd Imcy߃ sNøm≥ Ignbpw. hoSpw ]cnkchpw ipNnbmbn kq£n °pI, `£W]Zm¿∞߃, IpSnsh ≈w F∂nh AS®phbv°pI, InWdpw ]cnkchpw hrØnbmbn kwc£n°pI F∂nh CXn¬ Dƒs∏Spw. `£W Øn \p apºpw aeaq{X hnk¿÷\Øn\p tijhpw ssIIƒ tkm∏n´v IgpIpI,

`£W]Zm¿∞߃ hrØn bp≈ kmlNcyßfn¬ ]mIw sNøpI, ]®bv°p Ign°p∂h ip≤ PeØn¬ \∂mbn IgpInb tijw am{Xw D]tbmKn°pI F∂nh hfsc {][m\amWv. IpSnsh≈ t{kmX n¬ \n∂v \n›nX AIeØn¬ am{Xw I°qkpIƒ ÿm]n°Ww. ASp°f bnsebpw Ipfnapdnbnsebpw aen\Pew InWdn¬ FØmsX t\m°Ww. Xnf∏n® Pew am{Xw IpSn°p∂Xp hgn \ap°v PeP\ytcmKßsf Hcp ]cn[n hsc XSbmw. ip≤Pew \ap°v Btcm KyamWv Xcp∂Xv. hrØn BtcmKy Øns‚ Imh¬°mc\pw. Pehn`h hnIk\ tI{µw, tIcf kwÿm\ imkv{X kmt¶XnI ]cn ÿnXn Iuknens‚ klIcW tØmsS tIcfØnse 3 tI{µßfn¬ (tImgnt°mSv˛P\p-hcn 27, tIm´bw˛ s^{_p-hcn 5, Xncph\¥]pcw˛ s^ {_p-hcn 24) "ip≤Pew, ipNnXzw, B tcmKyw"F∂o hnjbßfn¬ Hcp GI Zn\ inev]ime \SØphm≥ Xocp am\n®n´p≠v. CXn¬ {][m\ambpw Xt±ikzbw`cW hIp∏n\p Iognep ≈ ]©mbØv, ap\nkn∏men‰n, tIm¿ ∏tdj≥ F∂nhnSßfnse h\nXm AwK߃, IpSpw_{io, BtcmKyh Ip∏v, Pehpw ipNnXzhpambpw _‘ s∏´p {]h¿Øn°p∂ k∂≤ kwLS \Ifnse AwK߃ F∂nhsc Dƒ s∏SpØnbp≈ Hcp ]cn]mSnbmWv D t±in°p∂Xv. Cu GIZn\ inev] imebn¬ hnZKv≤cpsS ¢mkpIƒ IqSmsX, ]s¶Sp°p∂hcpsS {]iv\ ߃ N¿® sNøm\pw kwib߃°v adp]Sn ]dbm\pap≈ Ahkcw D ≠mIpw. N¿® sNøs∏Sp∂ hnjb߃ 1. Pe KpW\nehmc ]cn]me\w 2. Km¿lnIambn IpSnsh≈w ip≤o Icn°p∂Xn\p≈ am¿§ßƒ 3. Pet{kmX pIƒ kwc£n°p∂ coXnIƒ 4. Pehpw BtcmKyhpw 5. Pehpw ipNnXzhpw IqSp-X¬ hnh-cß - ƒ°v Dr. P.S. Harikumar

Scientist and Head Central Water Analysis Laboratory Centre for Water Resources Development and Management Kozhikode 673571 Tel 0495 2351871; Mobile 9847781444 E mail: hps@cwrdm.org

]©m-bØv \yqkv k¿∆okv

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

DZ-b-`m\p It≠Øv

]©m-b-Øn-se U_nƒ F≥{Sn A-°u≠v - 11

G{]n¬ 1 apX¬ Iw]yq-´¿h¬IrX A°u-≠nwKv 2011

G{]n¬ 1 apX¬ {XnX-e]-©m-b-Øp-Iƒ A°u-≠nwKv \n¿∆ln-t°-≠Xv C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf anj≥ hnI-kn-∏n® ""kmwJy˛ ]©mbØv cmPv A°u-≠nwKv Bπn-t°j≥'' D]-tbm-Kn®v A{Iq-h¬ ASnÿm- \ - Ø n- e p≈ U_nƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv k{º-Zm-b-Øn-em-bn-cn°-Ws - a∂v k¿ °m¿ DØ-chv ]pd-s∏Sp-hn®p Ign™p. 23.12.2010 se 308/ 10/F¬-F-kvPnUn˛ \º-cmbn ]pd-s∏Sp- h n® {]kvXpX DØ- c hv lsg.kerala.gov.in F∂ t]cn-ep≈ Xt±i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp-∏ns‚ sh_vssk‰n¬ e`y-amWv. {XnXe ]©m-bØ - pIƒ°p th≠n C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf anj≥ hnI-kn∏n-s®-SpØ ""kmwJy˛ ]©m-bØv cmPv A°u-≠nwKv Bπn-t°-j≥'' D]tbm-Kn®v Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw Pn√-bnse Ic-Ipfw {Kma-]-©m-b-Øns‚ 2010˛-11 se IW-°p-Iƒ kam-¥-c-ambn Xømdm-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ ]ptcm-Kan-°p∂p. 2011-se ""tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv (A°u≠vkv) N´-߃ {]kn-≤oI-cn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ hn⁄m-]\w k¿ °m¿ DS≥Xs∂ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°p-sa∂p {]Xo- £ n- ° p∂p. XpS¿∂v A°u-

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≠‚pam¿°pw A°u- ≠ nw- K p- a mbn _‘-s∏´ Poh-\-°m¿°pw ]cn-ioe\w \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\p≈ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ "Ine' ssIs°m-≈p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw. hnh-c-߃ X’-abw "Imjv _p°v Fgp-Xn-bn√, hchv cPn-ÿ ]q¿Øn-bm-bn√, sNehv cPnÃ-dn¬ C\nbpw Ipsd-°qSn Fgp-Xm-

kmwJy D]-tbm-Kn®v A{Iq-h¬ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ A°u-≠nwKv sNøp-∂-Xn-s\-∏‰n Poh-\-°m¿t°m P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nIƒt°m bmsXm-cm-i-¶bv°pw Ah-k-c-an√. ImcWw A°u-≠nw-Kn¬ sshZ-Kv[y-an-√mØ-h¿°pw Ffp-∏-Øn¬ sNøm≥ Ign-bp∂ hn[-Øn¬ kmwJy-bn¬ Ht´sd Imcy-߃ Hmt´mta‰v sNbvXn-´p≠v.

\p≠v, {]Xn-amk A°u≠v Xøm-dmbn√, hm¿jnI [\-Imcy ]{XnI Xømdm-°m≥ 4 amkw thWw,' XpSßn \man-Xp-hsc tI´p ioen® ]cm-Xn-Iƒ ]g-¶-Y-I-fm-bn-Øo-cp-I-bmWv. Hmtcm hcp-am-\hpw sNehpw BkvXnbpw _m≤y-Xbpw AXp-¤-hn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ Iw]yq-´-dn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. Imjv_p°v, _m¶v_p°v, tPW¬, seUvP¿, {Sb¬ _me≥kv, hcp-am\ sNehv tÉv s a‚ v (Income and expenditure statement), BkvXn _m≤y- X m- ] - { XnI (Balance sheet) ]Ww hchv˛ ]Ww \¬I¬ tÉv sa‚ v (Receipts and Payments Statement) XpS-ßn-bh Iw]yq-´-dns‚ `mj-bn¬ Hmtcm ""dnt∏m¿´v'' BWv. AXn-\m¬ ""dnt∏m¿Svkv'' F∂ sa\phn¬ _‘-s∏´ dnt∏m¿´v skeIvSv sNbvXv ¢n°v sNbvXm¬ aXn. \nanj- Ø n- \ Iw kv { Io\n¬ dnt∏m¿´v sXfnbpw. Bh-iy-sa-¶n¬ {]n‚ vHu´v FSp°mw. Iw]yq-´d - n¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØmsX Hcp XpIbpw kzoI- c n- ° m- \ m- h n√; Hcp XpIbpw sNehp sNøm-\p-am-hn√. AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ Hcp Znh-ksØ Ah-km\ CS-]mSp tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-°P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv gn™ DSs\ A∂sØ Imjv _p°nt‚bpw _m¶v _p°n-t‚bpw {]n‚ v Hu´v FSpØv H∏n´p kq£n°mw. Hmtcm amk-Øn-t‚bpw Ah-km\ {]hrØn Znhkw B amksØ A°u≠v Xøm-dm-bn-cn°pw. ASp-ØZn-hkw _m¶v dn°¨kn-en-tb-j≥ Iw]yq-´d - n¬ \SØn {]Xn-amk A°u≠ns‚ {]n‚ v-Hu´v FSp°mw. Hmtcm am¿®v amk-Øn-tebpw Ahkm\ {]hr-Øn-Zn-hkw B h¿jsØ A°u-≠p-Iƒ Xøm-dmWv. F¶nepw Nne AUvP-Ãpsa‚p-Iƒ°p-th≠n Hcp amkw A\p-h-Zn-®n-´p≠v. AXn\m¬ G{]n¬ 30 \v Ign™ kmºØn- I - h ¿j- Ø nse A°u- ≠ ns‚ {]n‚ vHu´v FSp°mw. hnh-c-߃ {]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p kmwJy-bnse hnh-c-߃ sh_v ssk-‰n¬ {]kn-≤s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n-\m¬ tIc-f-Ønse {XnX-e-]-©m-b-Øp-IfpsS A°u≠v kw_-‘n® ka-{KNn{Xw Db¿∂ A[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v e`n°p∂p. s]mXp-P\ - ß - ƒ°pw Cu hnhc-߃ e`y-am-bn-cn°pw. Hmtcm ]©m-b-Øn-t\bpw kw_‘n® hnh-chpw {Kma /tªm°v/]©mb-Øp-Isf kw_-‘n®v Pn√m-Sn-ÿm\-Ønepw kwÿm-\m-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-epap≈ ka-{K-hn-h-c-ßfpw sh_vssk‰n¬ e`n°pw. Xocp-am-\-߃°p klmbw {^≠v Hm^o-kn¬ ImjvssI-Imcyw sNøp∂ DtZym-K-ÿ≥, A°u-≠‚ v, [\-Imcy CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ ssIImcyw sNøp∂ DtZym-K-ÿ¿, {Kma-]-©m-bØnse Pq\n-b¿ kq{]≠v, tªm°v ]©m-b-Ønse slUv¢¿°v, Pn√m ]©m-b-Ønse ss^\m≥kv Hm^ok¿, sk{I-´dn XpS-ßn-b-h¿ kmwJybn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-h-cmWv. {]knU‚ v, [\-Imcy Ãm≥UnwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿t]-gvk¨ IqSn-bmb sshkv{]kn-U‚ v XpS-ßn-b-h¿°pw kmwJybnse hnh-c-߃ ImWm-\p≈ AhIm-i-ap-≠m-bn-cn°pw. kmwJy hn\y- k n- ° p- ∂ - X p- h gn ]©m-b-Øns‚ ]e Xocp-am-\-ßfpw IrXy-amb IW-°p-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm\- Ø n¬ ssIs°m- ≈ m- \ mhpw. Npcp°w Nne DZm-l-c-W-߃ am{Xw ]´n-I-bn¬ sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂p. b{¥-Øn-\p-am{Xw F√mw sNøm-\m-hn√ Hcp ]pØ≥ s_≥kv Imdn¬ k¶ev]n-°m-hp-∂ F - √m kuI-cy-ß-fp-ap≠m-bn-cn°pw. F∂m¬ tdmU-]-ISw Hgn-hm-°m≥ s_≥kv Im¿ am{Xw P\phcn 2011

Xocp-am-\-߃ FSp-°m≥ kmwJy Fßs\ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Ømw e`y-amb hnh-c-߃

FSp-°m-hp∂ Xocp-am-\-߃

1. hkvXp \nIpXn, sXmgn¬ \nIpXn XpS-ßn-bh X\-Xp-h-cp-am-\-߃ kw_-‘n®v : h¿jm-cw-`Ø - n¬ ]ncn°m-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂ IpSn-»nI, X∂m≠nse Unam‚ v, X∂m-≠n¬ CXphsc ]ncn-s®-SpØ XpI, ]ncns®Sp °m≥ Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ XpI.

1. ]ncnhv Du¿÷n-X-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ kXzc \S-]-Sn-Iƒ.

2. k¿°m-cn¬ \n∂p e`n-°m-\p≈ hnI- k - \ - ^ ≠v , sabn‚- \ ≥kv ^≠v, P\-d¬ ]¿∏kv ^≠v F∂nh-bv°p≈ se‰¿ Hm^v AtXm-dn‰n ]©m-b-Øn¬ e`n-®n´pw {Sj-dnbn¬ e`n- ° m- Ø - X ns‚ t]cn¬ {Sjdn s{IUn‰v sNbvXp XcmØ XpI-Iƒ. 3. πm≥ t{]mP-IvSp-Iƒ°p th≠n X∂m-≠n¬ CXp-hsc sNe-hm-°nb XpI-Iƒ. 4. Hmtcm _m¶v/{Sjdn A°u-≠nsebpw X’-ab \o°n-bn-cn∏v.

2. {Sj-dn-tbtbm hIp-∏nse D∂X DtZym- K - ÿ - t ctbm k¿°m- c nt\tbm kao-]n®v XpI A°u≠n¬ e`y-am-°m-\p≈ kXzc \S]Sn.

5. dh\yq sNe-hp-Iƒ°pw (AXm-bXv, kmam-\y-ambn, BkvXn B¿÷n°m- \ p- ≈ - X - √ mØ sNe- h p- I ƒ) aqe-[\ - s - ®-eh - p-Iƒ°pw (AXm-bXv kmam-\y-ambn, BkvXn B¿÷n°m-\p-≈tXm BkvXn-bpsS aqeyw h¿≤n-∏n-°m-\p-≈tXm Bb sNehp-Iƒ) th≠n Hmtcm A°u≠v slUnepw _P‰v {]Im- c - a p≈ \o°n-bn-cn∏v. 6. LS-Iÿ m-]\ - ß - ƒ°mbn _P-‰n¬ \o°n-sh® XpI CXp-hsc sNehp sNbvX-Xns‚ hnhcw. 7. hml-\-ß-fpsS s]t{Smƒ/Uok¬/ A‰-Ip-‰-∏Wn, sSe-t^m¨ Nm¿Pv, Hm^okv sshZypXn Nm¿Pv, sXcphp-hn-f°p-If - psS sshZypXn Nm¿Pv, sh≈-°cw XpS-ßnb C\-ß-fn¬ X∂m-≠n¬ CXp-hsc sNe-hmb XpI-Iƒ. hnNm-cn-®m¬ km≤y-a√. kmwJy F√m coXn-bnepw kpk÷-amWv. F∂m¬ sX‰p IqSmsX A°u≠v Xøm- d m- ° - W - s a- ¶ n¬, Bπn-t°-j≥ D]-tbm-Kn®v {]h¿Øn°p∂ DtZym-Kÿ - ¿ IqSn {i≤m-]q¿hw Imcy-߃ sNtø-≠-Xp≠v. c≠p- I m- c y- ß ƒ kw_- ‘ n® kmam\y sshZKv≤yw Poh-\-°m¿ B¿÷n-t°-≠-XmWv:

3. ]ptcm-KXn Xr]vXn-I-c-a-s√-¶n¬ e£yw \n›nX ka-bØv ssIhcn-°m-\p≈ kXz-c-\-S-]Sn. 4. F{X-]Ww DS-\Sn ]n≥h-en®v Bhiy-߃°p th≠n sNe-hm-°msa∂ hkvXp-\njvT Xocp-am\w. 5. t\ctØ \S-Ønb _P‰v {]Jym]\w ewLn-°msX, \nb-a{- ]-Imcw C\n F{X-am{Xw sNehp sNømsa∂ Xocp-am\w.

6. \ymb-bp-‡-ambn LSI ÿm]\-߃°v e`y-am-°m≥ Xocp-am\n® XpI-Iƒ CXp-hsc \¬Inbn-´n-s√-¶n¬ AXp kw_-‘n® kXzc \S-]Sn. 7. sNe-hp-Iƒ \ymb-amb ]cn[n IS°p-∂p-s≠∂ hne-bn-cp-Øe - p-s≠¶n¬ anX- h ybw kw_- ‘ n® kXzc Xocp-am\w.

1. tIcf ]©m- b Øv cmPv (A°u≠vkv)N´-ßf - nepw AtXm-S\ - p_-‘n®v k¿°m¿ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°p∂ DØ-c-hp-I-fnepw \n¿t±-in-°p∂ coXnbn¬ A{Iq-h¬ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ U_nƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv k{ºZmbw. 2. kmwJy˛U_nƒ F≥{Sn Bπnt°-j-\n¬ Iw]yq-´-dn¬ hnh-c-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ coXn.

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv CXp-kw-_‘ - n®v ]cn-io-e\ - ß - fpw XpS¿]-cn-io-e-\-ß-fp-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂ Imcyw Dd-∏mWv. F¶nepw sX‰mb XpI-Iƒ tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØpI, sX‰mb A°u≠v slUp-I-fn¬ tcJ-s∏-SpØpI, XpI-Iƒ hn´p-t]m-hpI XpSßnb ]e sX‰p-Ifpw kw`-hy-amWv. F∂m¬ tPmen- s N- ø p∂ DtZym- K ÿcpw kq∏¿sshkv sNøp∂ DtZymK-ÿcpw {i≤n-®m¬ sX‰p-Iƒ Hgn-hm°m- \ mIpw; h∂p- t ]mb sX‰p- I ƒ Xncp-Øm-\mIpw. AXp-hgn IrXy-ambn IW-°p-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°m-\p-amIpw. Bi-¶bv°v Ah-k-c-an√ F∂m¬ kmwJy D]- t bm- K n®v A{Iq- h ¬ ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n- e p≈ A°u-≠nwKv sNøp-∂X - n-s\-∏‰n Poh\-°m¿t°m P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒt°m bmsXm-cm-i-¶bv °pw Ah-k-c-an√. ImcWw A°u-≠nw-Kn¬ sshZ-Kv[yan-√m-Øh - ¿°pw Ffp-∏Ø - n¬ sNøm≥ Ign-bp∂ hn[- Øn¬ kmwJy-bn¬ Ht´sd Imcy-߃ Hmt´mta‰v sNbvXn´p≠v. DZm-l-c-W-ambn hkvXp-\n-IpXn kw_-‘n® Um‰m-t_kv "k©b' Bπn-t°-j≥ D]-tbm-Kn®v Xøm-dm°n-bn-´p≈ ]©m-b-Øp-I-fn¬, \nIpXn-Zm-b-I≥ Iu≠-dn¬ h∂v hm¿Uv\º¿/tUm¿ \º¿ ]d-™m¬ am{Xw aXn. AXv F‚¿ sNbvXv, F8 {]kv sNbvXm¬ \nIp-Xn-Zm-b-I≥ \¬Im\p≈ XpI- I - f psS hniZ hnhcw Iw]yq-´¿ kv{Io\n¬ sXfnbpw. "{]n‚ v dko‰v' F∂p ¢nIv sNbvXm¬ aXn. ckoXv Xøm-dm-bn-°g - nbpw. Iu≠-dn¬ Ccn-°p∂ DtZym-K-ÿ\v CXp kw_‘n® Hcp A°u-≠nwKv ]cn-⁄m\hpw Bh-iy-an√. AXp-t]mse, iº-f-_n¬ kw_‘n®v aq∂p tP¿W-ep-Iƒ Xøm-dmt°-≠-Xp≠v. F∂m¬ CXn-s\-∏-‰nsbm∂pw ]Tn-°mØ hy‡n iº-f_ - n√ns‚ t{Kmkv, s\‰v, dn°-hdn XpIIƒ "t] Hm¿U¿' F∂ kv { Io≥ FSpØv F‚¿ sNbvXm¬ aXn. AXv A{]qhv sNbvXp-I-gn™v "tPW¬' F∂ dnt∏m¿´v FSpØp t\m°n-bm¬ N´-ß-fn¬ \n¿±-in-°p∂ aq∂p tP¿ W-ep-Ifpw Iw]yq-´¿ kzbw Xømdm°n tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xm-bn-ImWmw. C{]-Imcw Ht´sd Imcy-߃ kmwJybn¬ Hmt´m-ta‰v sNbvXn-´p≠v. as‰m-cp-Imcyw, Iw]yq-´-dn¬ \n∂p e`n-°p∂ cPn-Ã-dp-I-fp-tSbpw dnt∏m¿ ´p- I - f p- t Sbpw Imcy- Ø n¬ am\z¬ k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ ssIs°m-s≠-gpXn kq£n- ° p∂ cPn- à - d p- I - s fm∂pw ths≠-∂-XmWv. C°mcyw t\ctØ {]kvXm-hn® k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hn¬ FSpØp ]d-™n-´p≠v.

28

kmwJy F√m coXn-bnepw kpk-÷-amWv. F∂m¬ sX‰p IqSmsX A°u≠v Xøm-dm-°W-sa-¶n¬, Bπn-t°-j≥ D]-tbm-Kn®v {]h¿Øn-°p∂ DtZym-K-ÿ¿ IqSn {i≤m-]q¿hw Imcy-߃ sNtø-≠-Xp≠v. a‰v Bπn-t°-j-\p-I-fp-ambn DZv{K-Y\w Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°mbn C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIc-f- an-j≥ Ht´sd tkm^v‰vshb-dp-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØn-´p≠v. k©b (dh-\yq-sam-Uyqƒ), kpteJ (πm≥tam-Wn-‰d- nwKv samUyqƒ), knhn¬ cPn-kvt{S-j≥ (P-\\/acW/ hnhml cPn-kvt{S-j≥ samUyqƒ), tkh\˛s]≥ j≥ (kmaq-ly-kp-c£m s]≥j≥ samUyqƒ), kqNnI (h¿°v^vtfm samUyqƒ), kt¶Xw (sI´nS \n¿ΩmW s]¿an‰v samUyqƒ), ÿm]\ (FÃm-ªn-js v a‚ v samUyqƒ), kpKa (FÃn-ta-j≥kv˛h¿°v_n¬ samUyqƒ), kNn{X (Pn.sF.Fkv), kNn{X (BkvXn cPn-ÿ), kI¿Ω (tbmK-Xo-cp-am-\-߃) F∂nh Ahbn¬ Nne-XmWv. Ch-bn¬ Nne-sX√mw F√m ]©m-bØ - p-If - nepw a‰p Nneh ]e ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnepw hn\y-kn-®n´p≠v. Ch-bn¬ Hmtcm Bπn-t°-j\ - pambpw _‘-s∏´p {]h¿Øn-°p∂ coXn-bn-emWv "kmwJy U_nƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv Bπn-t°-j≥' cq]-Iev]\ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Bh¿Ø- \ - ß ƒ Hgn- h m- b n- ° n´pw; {]h¿Ø\w kpK-a-am-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf anj≥ hn\ykn® a‰p tkm^v‰pshb-dp-Iƒ IqSn ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ Imcy-£-a-ambn D]tbm-K-s∏-S p-Ø p- I - bm- sW- ¶n¬ P\߃°m-h-iy-amb Ht´sd hnh-c-߃ IqSp-X¬ thK-Øn¬ IrXy-X-tbmsS e`y-amhpw. ASn-b-¥-c-ambn sNtø≠ Imcy- ߃ kmwJy \S-∏m-°-W-sa-¶n¬ c≠p Imcy-߃ ASn-b-¥-c-ambn sNbvtX aXn-bmhq. 1. Bh-iy-amb Iw]yq-´-dp-Ifpw {]n‚ dp-Ifpw hmßpI. 2. Iw]yq-´¿ {]h¿Øn-°m-\m-hi - y-amb ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-߃ k÷-am°pI.

Bh-iy-amb Iw]yq-´-dp-Iƒ F∂Xn-\¿∞w Hmtcm DtZym-K-ÿ-t‚bpw tai-∏p-dØv Iw]yq-´¿ IqSntb Ignbq F∂√. F∂m¬ {^≠v Hm^o-knepw A°u- ≠ ‚ n\pw sk{I- ´ - d n°pw Iw]yq-´¿ IqSntb Ignbq. ckoXv \¬ Im≥ {^≠v Hm^o-kn¬ tUm´v am{SnIv k v {]n‚dpw dnt∏m¿´p- I ƒ FSp°m≥ A°u-≠‚n\v tek¿ {]n‚dpw Bh-iy-amWv. CXn-\p-]p-dta {]knU‚n-\p-≈X - pƒs∏sS k¿°m¿ \n¿t±i-߃ ]men®v Bh-iym-\p-k-cWw Iw]yq-´-dp-Iƒ BIm-hp-∂-XmWv. Iw]yq-´d- n\v Bh-iy-amb sshZypXn e`n- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ sshZyp- X o- I - c Whpw k¿h¿ Iw]yq-´d - p-am-bp≈ s\‰v h¿°nwKpw sNbvXp Xo¿t°-≠X - mWv. Iw]yq-´-dp-Iƒ hmßp-∂Xpw ASnÿm\ kuI-cy-߃ G¿s∏-Sp-Øp∂Xpw kw_-‘n® hnh-c-߃ C≥ ^¿ta-j≥ tIc-f -an-j-\n¬ \n∂pw e`n-°p-∂-XmWv. C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf- an-js‚ sSIv\n-°¬ Akn-Âns‚ tkh\w C°m-cy-Øn¬ e`y-am-bn-cn°pw. dh\yq kw_-‘n® Um‰m-t_kv kmwJy-bpsS {]h¿Ø\w Ip‰-a-‰Xm- b n- Ø o- c m≥ hkvXp- \ n- I pXn, sXmgn¬ \nIpXn, sI´nSw/`q\n-IpXn, Un&H/]n.F^v.F., ssek≥kv ^o F∂n-h-bpsS Um‰m-t_kv C≥^¿taj≥ tIc- f - a n- j ≥ hnI- k n- ∏ n® "k©b Bπn-t°-j≥' D]-tbm-Kn®v Xøm-dm-t°-≠-XmWv. Ch Xøm-dm-bn°- g n- ™ m¬ sU_n‰v/s{IUn‰v Im¿Uv D]- t bm- K n®v ho´n- e n- c p- ∂ pXs∂ \nIpXn AS-bv°m-\p≈ kuIcyhpw k÷- a m- ° n- ° - g n- ™ n- ´ p≠v . Hu´vtUm¿ If-£≥ \S-Øp∂ DtZymK-ÿ¿°v Iøn¬ sIm≠p \S-°m-hp∂Xpw \nIp-Xn-Zm-b-I-cpsS ]q¿W-hnh-c-߃ Dƒs°m-≈p-∂Xpw ckoXv \¬Im-hp-∂-Xp-amb b{¥hpw Xøm-dmbn-°-gn™p. Bh-iy-amb Iw]yq-´-dp-Ifpw {]n‚dp-Ifpw hmßm\pw sshZyp-Xo-Ic - Ww/ s\‰v-h¿°nwKv XpS-ßnb ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-߃ k÷-am-°m\pw, dh\yq Um‰m- t _kv Xøm- d m- ° m- \ pap≈ t{]mP-IvSp-Iƒ 2011˛-12 se hm¿jnI ]≤-Xn-bn¬ Dƒs°m-≈n-°m≥ Ign™m¬ C˛ Kth-W≥kv kw_-‘n®v AsXmcp IpXn®pNm´-am-bn-cn°pw. teJ-I≥ GPokv Hm^o-kn¬ ko\n-b¿ HmUn‰v Hm^o-k-dm-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIc-f-an-j-\n¬ I¨kƒ´‚mWv samss_¬ : 9447454221 C˛sa-bn¬: ubkandeth@gmail.com

P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

P\phcn 2011

29


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

\nc-¥cw D∂-bn-°p∂ tNmZ-y-߃

]©mbØwKßfpsS AhImi ßfpw NpaXeIfpw DØchmZnØ ßfpw kw_‘n®v ]cma¿in®ncn °p∂Xv FhnsSbmWv ? 1994 se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv \nbaØnse 158˛mw hIp∏nepw, 1995 se tbmK\S]Sn{Iaw N´ßfnep amWv {][m\ambpw ]©mbØwKß fpsS AhImißfpw NpaXeIfpw DØchmZnØßfpw kw_‘n®v ]cma¿in®ncn°p∂Xv. IqSmsX \nba

30

]©m-b-ØvcmPv ]T-\- ]-c-ºc

Ønse 15˛maXv A[ymbØnepw a‰nS ßfnepw ]d™ncn°p∂ ]©mb ØpIfpsS NpaXeIfpw DØchmZn Øßfpw IqSn Hmtcm AwKØn\p ap≠v. {Kmak`bpambn _‘s∏´ Hcp ]©m bØwKØns‚ DØchmZnØ߃ Fs¥ms°bmWv ? {Kmak`m I¨ho\¿ F∂ \ne bn¬ CSthf 6 amkØn¬ Ihnbm sX h¿jØn¬ 4 {Kmak` (AXmbXv 3 amkØnsemcn°¬) {]knU‚p ambn BtemNn®v hnfn®p Iqt´ ≠Xpw {]knU‚ v, sshkv {]knU‚ v F∂nhcpsS Akm∂n[yØn¬ {Kma k`Ifn¬ A≤y£w hln°pI F∂Xpw Hcp ]©mbØwKØns‚ DØchmZnØamWv. \n¿Wbn°s∏´ coXnbn¬ {Kmak` \SØpI, Xocp am\ßfpw \S]Sn{Iaßfpw IrXy ambn tcJs∏SpØpI, XpS¿ \S]Sn Iƒ kzoIcn°pI F∂nhbpw Hcp ]©mbØwKØns‚ I¿Øhyßfn ¬s]Sp∂p. hnIk\ {]h¿Ø\ßfpambn _‘ s∏´p Hcp ]©mbØwKØn\v F{] ImcamWv CSs]Sm\mhpI? Xß fpsS NpaXeIsfs¥ms°bmWv ? aptº kqNn∏n® CSs]S¬ Ah Imi߃, Ãm‚nMv IΩn‰nIfnse AwKXzw F∂nh IqSmsX ]≤Xn Bkq{XW˛\n¿∆lW˛tamWn‰dnMv {]h¿Ø\ßfpsS NpaXebp≈ h¿ °nMv {Kq∏pIfpsS A≤y£ÿm\ Øv ]©mbØwKßsfbmWv \nb an°p∂Xv. IqSmsX Ãm‚nMv IΩn‰n Ifnse t]mse F√m ]©mbØw

Kßfpw GsX¶nepsamcp h¿°nMv {Kq∏n¬ AwKambncn°p∂XpamWv. ]©mbØns‚bpw k¿°mcns‚bpw hnIk\Bkq{XW˛\n¿∆lW˛tamWn ‰dnMv {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ ]¶mfnIfm IpIbpw klmbn°pIbpw sNøpI, IpSpw_{io, Pm{KXmkanXn, KpW t`m‡r kanXnIƒ, hm¿Uv kanXn XpSßnbhbpsS Imcy£aamb {]h¿ Ø\Øn\v klmbn°pI, ]©mb Øns‚ hcpam\ h¿≤\hn\v th≠ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ klmbn°pI, hnIk\ s{]mPIvSpIƒ h¿°nMv {Kq∏v ASnÿm\Ønepw Ãm‚nMv IΩn‰n ASnÿm\Ønepw ]©mbØv `cW kanXnbnepw N¿®sNbvXv Imcy£a ambpw ^e{]Zambpw \n¿∆ln°p∂p sh∂v Dd∏p hcpØpI F∂nh Htc kabw Hcp ]©mbØwKØns‚ NpaXebpw AhImihpamWv. Hcp ]©mbØwKØns‚ `cW]c amb NpaXeIsfms¥ms°bmWv ? ]©mbØns‚ NpaXeIfpw DØchmZnØßfpw A[nImcßfpw kw_‘n®v IrXyamb t_m[yap ≠mbncn°pIbpw hniZmwi߃ kw_‘n®v Adnhp≠mbncn°pIbpw sNøpI, ]©mbØns‚bpw Xm≥ AwKamb Ãm‚nMv IΩn‰nbpsSbpw a‰v kanXnIfpsSbpw tbmKßfn¬ IrXyambn ]s¶Sp°pI, N¿®Ifn¬ A`n{]mbw {]ISn∏n°pI, sk{I´dn bpsSbpw a‰v ÿm]\ta[mhnIfp sSbpw \n¿∆lW DtZymKÿcp sSbpw Ãm‰yq´dn NpaXeIfn¬ CS s]SmXncn°pI, F∂m¬ AhcpsS NpaXem \n¿∆lWw hnebncpØp P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Ibpw ]©mbØns‚ {i≤bn¬s] SpØpIbpw sNøpI, HutZymKnI IrXy߃ `bmi¶ IqSmsXbpw aa Xtbm hntZzjtam IqSmsXbpw bYmhn[nbmbpw hnizkvXXtbmsS bpw ]camh[n Ignhp {]tbmP\s∏Sp Ønbpw \n¿∆ln°pI, kZv`cW \n¿ ∆lWØn\mhiyamb \S]SnIƒ kzoIcn°pI XpSßnbh Hcp ]©m bØwKØns‚ {]m[m\ytadnb NpaXeIfmWv. NpaXeIfpw DØchmZnØßfpw \n¿∆ln°p∂Xn\v \nbaw ]©mb ØwK߃°p \¬Ip∂ {][m\ Ah Imißsfs¥ms°bmWv ? XßfpsS NpaXeIfpw DØchm ZnØßfpw \n¿∆ln°p∂Xns‚ `mK ambn, 1995 se tbmK\S]Sn{Iaw N´ßfn¬ \n¿t±in®ncn°p∂ {]Imcw {]tab߃ AhXcn∏n°p∂Xn\pw ]©mbØns‚ `cWm[nImcØn¬ s]Sp∂ Imcy߃ kw_‘n®v {]knU‚nt\mtSm Ãm‚nMv IΩn‰n sNb¿am≥amtcmtSm tNmZy߃ tNmZn°p∂Xn\pw ]©mbØwKß ƒ°v AhImiap≠v. ]©mbØnse tcJIƒ t\m´okv \¬Ins°m≠v Hm^okv kabØv ]cntim[n°m\pw ]©mbØv \SØp∂ tPmenItfm ]≤XnItfm ]cntim[\ \SØm\pw \SØp∂ ]WnIfn¬ hogvN hcpØn bn´ps≠¶n¬ AXp kw_‘n®pw ]©mbØv {]tZisØ P\ßfpsS Bhiyßsf kw_‘n®pw s]mXp {]m[m\yap≈ a‰p Imcyßsf kw_ ‘n®pw ]©mbØns‚ {i≤ £Wn °m\pw ]©mbØwK߃°v Ah P\phcn 2011

Imiap≠v. Hcp ]©mbØwKambn XpScp∂Xv XS s∏SpØp∂ kmlNcy߃ Fs¥ms°bmWv ? NpaXem \n¿∆lWØn¬ hogvN hcpØptºmgmWt√m km[mcW AtbmKyX I¬∏n°s∏Smdp≈Xv. ]©mbØwKßfpsS ImcyØnepw CXv _m[IamWv. ]©mbØwKß fpsS AtbmKyXbv ° p≈ ImcW ߃ tIcf]©mbØv cmPv \nba Ønse 35, 35F∂ hIp∏pIfnepw AtbmKyX \n¿Æbn°¬ coXn 36˛mw hIp∏nepw {]Xn]mZn°p∂p≠v. ]©mbØwKßfpsS AtbmKyXbv °p≈ ImcW߃ hniZam°mtam? Xs‚ DtZymKImew Bcw`n°p ∂tXm ]p\cmcw`n°p∂tXm Bb XobXn apX¬t°m Xm≥ lmPcmb HSphnesØ tbmKØns‚ XobXn apX¬t°m bYmhn[n t\m´okv e`n ®n´pw XpS¿®bmbn aq∂p amk°mew _‘s∏´ ]©mbØns‚ A\phmZ an√msX ]©mbØns‚tbm Ãm‚nMv IΩn‰nbpsStbm tbmKßfn¬ lmP cmImXncp∂m¬ AXv AtbmKyX bv°p ImcWamIpw. Cu Imebfhn¬ IqSnbn´p≈ tbmK߃ aq∂n¬ Ipd hmsW¶n¬ ta¬∏d™ XobXn°p tijw \SØnb XpS¿®bmb aq∂p tbmKßfn¬ lmPcmImXncp∂m emWv AXv AtbmKyX°p ImcWam IpI. 1999 se Iqdpam‰w \ntcm[n°¬ \nbØnse hyhÿIƒ ewLn °pI, {Kmak`mtbmKw hnfn®p Iq´p ∂Xn¬ XpS¿®bmbn c≠pXhW hogv N hcpØpI, 159˛mw hIp∏p

{]Imcw BkvXn kw_‘n® {]kv Xmhw \¬Ip∂Xn¬ hogv N hcp ØpI, ]m¿esa‚nsetbm kwÿm\ \nbak`bnsetbm AwKambncn °pI, ]©mbØn\p≠mb \jv S Ønt\m ]mgm°ent\m Zp¿hn\ntbm KØnt\m DØchmZnbmbncn°pI, _‘s∏´ ]©mbØv {]tZiØn\p ≈nse Xmakw Ahkm\n∏n°pI, ÿnc_p≤n C√mØ BfmsW∂v hn[n°s∏SpI, hntZi ]ucXzw tkz—bm¬ B¿÷n°pI, Hcp sXc s™Sp∏v Ip‰Øn\v in£n°s∏SpI, Aßs\bp≈ AtbmKyXmIme XobXn apX¬ Bdp h¿jw Ignbm Xncn°pI, Hcp \n¿≤\\mbn hn[n° s∏Sp∂Xn\v At]£n®ncn°pItbm A{]Imcw hn[n°s∏´ncn°pItbm sNøpI, ]©mbØpambn Icmdnte¿ s∏SpI, k¿°mcntebvt°m ]©mb Øntebvt°m IpSn»nI°mc\mbn cn°pI, k¿°mcn\p th≠ntbm ]©mbØn\p th≠ntbm {]Xn^ew ]‰p∂ A`n`mjI\mbncn°pI, ]©mbØns\Xnsc A`n`mjI\mbn tPmen kzoIcn®ncn°pI, h°oembn {]mIvSokv sNøp∂Xn\v hne°s∏´n cn°pI, ]©mbØv cmPv \nbaØnse at‰sX¶nepw hIp∏pIƒ {]Imcw AtbmKyX I¬∏n°s∏SpI, 102 ˛mw hIp∏v {]Imcw sXcs™Sp∏v Akm [phmsW∂v {]Jym]n°s∏SpI F∂o kmlNcy߃ Hcp ]©mb ØwKØn\v Xs‚ AwKXzw \jvSs∏ Sp∂Xn\v ImcWamIp∂XmWv. Xøm-dm-°n-b-Xv: sI. hnt\mZv Ipam¿ Akn- v Unkv{SnIvSv tIm¿Un-t\-‰¿ A£-b-tI-{µw, Imk¿tImSv

31


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

teJ-\]c-ºc ˛ 15

h

tdmbv Nmt°m CfaÆq¿

^co-Zm-_mZv˛_Z¿]q¿ ^vssfHmh-¿

32

S- t °- ¥ y- b n¬ \n∂v AXnssiXyw hnS-hm-ßp∂ s^{_p-hcn amk- t ØmsS Xt±- i ob Sqdn- Ã p- I fpsS hchp h¿≤n-°p∂p. F∂m¬ hntZi Sqdn-Ãp-Iƒ°v, {]tXy-In®pw Ata-cn°, bqtdm∏v F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-≈h - ¿°v U¬ln-bnse Ipd™ Xm]-\n-e-bmb, A¿≤-cm-{Xn-bnse 5 Un{Kn-sbm∂pw henb XWp-∏√. 50 sk‚o- a o- ‰ - t dmfw I\- Ø n¬ cmPyamsI Unkw-_-dn¬ a™p hoWv \ndbp-∂n-SØp \n∂p hcp-∂-h¿°v U¬ ln-bnse ssiXy-sam∂pw `oj-Wnb√. C¥y-bpsS Xe-ÿm\ \K-cn-bn-seØp-∂-h¿°v \K-c-Øn-se-√m-bn-SØpw \nd™p \n¬°p∂ hml- \ - ß ƒ

Ah-cpsS hnt\m-Z-bm-{Xbv°v XS w krjvSn-°p-∂n√. ImcWw, Chn-SpsØ hnim- e - a mb tdmUp- I fpw sat{Sm s{Sbn≥ k¿hokpw U¬ln- b psS henb t\´-߃ Xs∂-bmWv. 2009¬ Cu \K-c-Øn¬ hml-\m-]-I-S-߃ aptJ\ 2325 t]¿ sIm√-s∏-´n-cp∂p. 2272 A]- I - S - ß - f mWv B h¿jw D≠m-bXv. F∂m¬ 2010 ¬ hml\ A]-IS- ß - f - psS FÆw Ipdbv° - p-hm≥ km[n®p. F∂n-cp-∂mepw 1787 t]¿ Ign-™-h¿jw U¬ln-bn¬ hnhn[ hml- \ m- ] - I - S - ß - f n¬ acn- ° p- I - b p≠mbn. A©v tZio-b] - m-XI - ƒ IS-∂p-t]mIp∂ U¬ln kwÿm-\Øv \nc-h[n Iq‰≥ ^vssfHmh-dp-Iƒ D≈Xv KXmK-X-Øn\v hen-sbmcp klm-b-amWv. an°-hm-dp-ap≈ ^vssfHmh-dp-I-sf√mw \mep- h cn ]mX- I ƒ Bbn- c n°pw. ^vssfHmh-dns‚ Iogn¬ he-Xp-`mKØpw CS-Xp-`m-KØpw hoXn-bp≈ tdmUp-Ifpw ImWpw. G‰hpw ]pXpXmbn U¬ln-bn¬ DZvLm-S\w sNbvX ^vssfHmh¿ _Z¿]q-cn-emWv. ^co-Zm_mZv˛_Z¿]q¿ ^vssfHmh- d n\v (Hmh¿{_nUvPn\v) \mec Intem-ao-‰dmWv \ofw. Bdv hcn ]mX-bmWv Cu Iq‰≥ ^vssfHm-h-dn\v D≈Xv. ss{]h‰v _kp-I-fpsS a’-c-tbm´hpw ac-W∏ - m-®nepw U¬ln \K-cØ - nse ]Xn-hp-Im-gvNb - mWv. \K-cØ - n-eqsS thK-X-bn-tem-Sp∂ kzIm-cy-_-knse ss{Uh- d psS t{]m’m- l - \ m¿∞w "]ø≥ Infn-Iƒ' HmSn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ _kns‚ XI-c-Øn-\n-´-Sn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂Xpw Atcm-N-I-sa-¶nepw ChnSpsØ ]Xn-hp-Im-gvN-bmWv. P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv Hcp _kn¬ Nne-t∏mƒ c≠n¬ IqSp-X¬ Infn-Ifpw Is≠∂p hcmw. C°q-´Ø - n¬ "apt´∂p hncn-bmØ' ]ø∑mcpw Dƒs∏Spw. s_√n\p ]Icw (h≠n-bn¬ s_¬ ^n‰v sNøm-dn√) Cu ]ø- ∑ m- c psS hmbv s Im- ≠ p≈ \o≠ hnkn-eSn hfsc Atcm-N-IamWv. an°-hmdpw F√m ss{]h‰v _kpI-fnepw aoi apf-°mØ sIm®p ]ø∑m-cmWv I≠-IvS¿ kmd-∑m¿. Ch¿ hrØn-bmbn hkv{X-[m-cWw t]mepw sNøm-dn√. ASn-ÿm\ hnZym-`ymkw t]mep-an-√m-Øh - c - mWv Ch-cn¬ `qcn-`mKhpw F∂v s]cp-am-‰-Øn¬ \n∂pw tXm∂p∂p. C¥y≥ Id≥kn Npcp-´n°q´n hrØn-tI-Sm°n \in-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬ Ch¿ Hcp henb ]¶p-h-ln-°p∂p≠v . ]Ww kq£n- ° p- h m- \ mbn Ch¿°v k©ntbm _mtKm H∂p-an√. t\m´p-Iƒ ]e-Xmbn aS°n hnb¿∏pw Agp°pw ]nSn® ssIhn-ce - p-Iƒ°n-Sbn¬ Xncp-In-h-°-bmWv ]Xnhv. an° kzImcy _kp- I - f nepw Ãocntbm ]m´p-Iƒ Ak-lyX Df-hm°p∂p. kln-°m-hp∂ i_vZ-Øn-e√ ]m´p hbv°p-∂Xv. ss{]h‰v _kp-Ifnse Ãocn-tbm-I-fn¬ \n∂v lnµn, DdpZp X´p-s]m-fn-∏≥ ]m´p-Iƒ kZm Aedns°m≠ncn°pw. Hcp h≠n-bn¬ c≠v aq∂v I≠-ISv ¿ am¿ ImWpw. c≠p hmXn- e v ° epw Hmtcm Infnbpw ImWpw. CsX√mw IqSmsX Ipsd sÃ∏n-\n-Ifpw. Nne sÃ∏n-\n-Iƒ ss{Uh-tdm-sSm-∏a - n-cp∂p hne-kp-∂Xp ImWmw. ss{Uh-dpsS ko‰n- \ - c n- I n- e p≈ hmXn- e n¬ Nne "sÃ∏n\n'Iƒ Ccp∂v A]-IS- I - c - a - mbn bm{X-sN-øp-∂Xp ImWmw. Ah¿°sXms° Hcp "ssj\nwKv ' BWv . hnth-Ia - p-≈h - s‚ ZrjvSn-bn¬ hnVvVnbpsS tImam-fn-Ø-chpw. F√m ss{]h‰v _kp-I-fnepw dq´v \º-cp-Iƒ IqSmsX _kv bm{X ]pds∏-Sp-∂Xpw Ah-km-\n-°p-∂-Xp-amb ÿe-ß-fpsS t]cp-Iƒ ÿnc-ambn Fgp-Xn-h-®n-´p≠v. A-Xn-\m¬ Fhn-sS\n∂v Ftßm-´mWv t]mIp-∂-sX∂v Adn-bm≥ km[n-°n√. DZm-lc - W - a - mbn "tamdn-tK‰v˛ tem[n-tIm-f\n' F∂v _kns‚ •m n¬ FgpXn h®n-cn-°p∂Xp I≠m¬ CXv tem[n-tIm-f-\n-bnte-°mtWm tamdn tK‰n-te-°mtWm t]mIp-∂Xv F∂v Infn-tbmSp tNmZn®-dn-tb-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p. _kv IS-∂pt]m-Ip∂ ÿe-Øn-s‚-sb√mw t]cpIƒ H‰ izmk-Øn¬ Ahy-‡-ambn Infn-∏-ø≥ AXyp-®-Øn¬ hnfn®p ]dbp-sa-¶nepw A]-cn-Nn-X\v B D®mP\phcn 2011

cWw H∂pw a\- n-em-In√. kzImcy _kp- I - f n¬, dq´n¬ CS- b v ° p≈ ÿe-߃ •mkn¬ FgpXn h®n-cn-°p∂Xv A]-cn-Nn-X¿°v Hcm-izm-k-amWv. U¬ln-bnse _kp-I-fpsS dq´v \º-cp-I-fmWv AhnsS kµ¿i-I-cmsb-Øp-∂-hcpw bm{Xbv-°mbn ]Tn®p hbv°p-∂Xv. 620 F∂ \º¿ D≈ h≠n-Iƒ "ap\o¿Im' (Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp bqWn-th-gvkn‰n Imw]-kn\p kao-]-ap≈ ÿew) F∂ ÿe-ØpIqSn t]mIp- ∂ - X m- s W- ∂ n- c n- ° s´. U¬ln-bn¬ FhnsS \n∂m-bmepw 620 F∂ dq´v \º-cp≈ _kn¬ Ibdn-bm¬ ap\o¿IbnseØmw. AXv 50 Intem-ao-‰¿ AIse \n∂m-bmepw B _kv ]e hgn HmSn ap\o¿Im hgn IS-∂p-t]m-bn-cn°pw. A{]-Im-c-samcp dq´v \º¿ {Iao-I-c-W-amWv U¬lnbn¬ h¿j-ßf - m-bn-´p-≈Xv. Nne _kpIƒ°v πkv(+), ssa\kv (˛-) Nn”߃ D≠mIpw. Cu h≠n-Iƒ dnwKv tdmUn-eqsS HmSp-∂-h-bmWv. "_ml¿ +' "_ml¿˛' Nn”-ap≈ _kp-Iƒ Hu´¿ tdmUn-eqsS HmSp-∂-h-bmWv. dnwKv tdmUnse Hcp Zni-bn-eqsS HmSp∂-hbv°v + Nn”hpw adp Zni-bn-eqsS HmSp-∂h - bv°v "-˛' Nn”hpw sImSp°pw. C¥y-bnse a‰p \K-c-ß-fn-se-ßpan-√mØ henb c≠v dnMvtdm-Up-Iƒ U¬ln \K-cØ - n-ep≠v. AXm-bXv Hcp ÿe-Øp-\n-∂m-cw-`n-°p∂ tdmUv ]e ÿe- ß - f n- e qsS Idßn Bcw- ` n® ÿe-Øp-Xs∂ FØp∂ coXn-bn¬ ]Wn-Xn-cn-°p∂p. CXn-s\-¥m-Wn{X {]tXy-IX, CsX-√m-bn-S-Øp-ap-≠t√m F∂v Hcp ]t£ hmb- \ - ° m¿°nt∏mƒ tXm∂mw. Hcp ÿe-Øp-\n∂p bm{X ]pd-s∏-´m¬ ]e tdmUp-I-fneqsS bm{X-sNbvXv bm{X ]pd-s∏-´n-SØv \ap- ° p- s aØmw. AXp thsd Imcyw. CXv A{]-Im-ca - √. hnim-ea - mb Hcp tdmUv Intem-ao-‰-dp-I-tfmfw ZqcØn¬ hrØm-Ir-Xn-bn¬ \n¿Ωn-®n-cn°p-I-bmWv. U¬ln-bnse Hu´¿ dnMv tdmUv H∂p Idßn hcm≥ _kn¬ \mec aWn- ° q¿ bm{X sNøWw. \Ωƒ FhnsS \n∂mtWm Ib-dp-∂Xv, B ÿe- t Ø°p Xs∂ _kn¬ Sn°‰v In´pw F∂Xv as‰mcp {]tXyI-X-bmWv. BZy- I m- e Øv Hcp dnMv t dmUv am{Xta U¬ln-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p≈q. Hmƒ C¥ym saUn-°¬ C≥Ãn-‰yq´v, B¿.sI. ]pcw F∂n-ßs\ U¬lnbpsS lrZ-b-`m-K-Øp-Iq-Sn-bp≈ dnMv tdm- U m- b n- c p∂p AXv . C¥y- b nse G‰hpw henb ]gw˛]®-°dn N¥ U¬ln- b nse "Bkm- Z v ] q¿' F∂ ÿe-ØmWv. CXv Gjy-bnse G‰hpw

henb N¥-bm-sW∂pw ]d-bs - ∏-Sp∂p. C∂¿ dnMv tdmUv _kp-Iƒ F√mw BkmZv ]qcn-eq-sSbpw IS-∂p-t]mIpw. U¬ln-bpsS AXn¿Øn-]-´-W-ß-fneqsS Hs° IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ Hu´¿ dnMv tdmUv Cu ASpØ Ime-ØmWv \n¿Ωn-®Xv. Cu c≠v dnMv tdmUp-Ifpw kwK-an-°p∂ ÿe-amWv \nkm-ap-±o≥. U¬ln-bpsS sXs° A‰sØ Hcp ]´W-amb Awt_-ZvI¿ \K¿ (kmtIXv, ]pjv] hnlm¿ F∂o henb sdkn-sU ≥jy¬ taJ-e-Iƒ°p kao]w), ]Sn™mdp `mKsØ ]´- W - a mb P\Iv]pcn DØw-\K - ¿ XpS-ßnb ÿe-ßfn-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ Hu´¿ dnMv tdmUv B\µ hnlm¿ hgn C‚¿ tÉv _kv sS¿an-\e - n-seØpw. a‰p≈ kwÿm-\-ß-fn-te-°p≈ _kp-Iƒ ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ ÿe-am-WnXv. U¬ln \Kcw ImWm-s\-Øp-∂h¿ Xo¿®-bmbpw Hu´¿ dnwMv tdmUneqsS Hcp bm{X \S-tØ-≠-XmWv. _lp- \ n- e - a - µ n- c - ß fpw B[p- \ nI tdmUp-Ifpw t]mjv Pohn-Xhpw am{Xa√ U¬ln-bn-ep-≈-sX∂v B ImgvN \sΩ Im´n-Øcpw. BsI-bp≈ \mec-a-Wn-°q¿ bm{X-bn¬ 2 aWn-°q¿ tNcn-{]-tZ-iß - f - n-eq-sS-bm-bn-cn°pw IS∂p-t]m-IpI. henb Zp¿K-‘hpw Akl-\o-b-amb s]mSnbpw Hs° kln®v, U¬ln-bpsS Pohn-X-a-dn-bm-\p≈ Cu bm{X Zpcn-X-]q¿Æ-am-sW-¶nepw Cu alm-\K - c - Ø - ns‚ as‰mcp apJw \ap°v Im´n-Øcpw. s]mSn-bn¬ \n∂pw Zp¿K‘-Øn¬ \n∂pw c£-t\-Sm≥ CXp-hgn-bp≈ G.kn. tem ^vtfm¿ _kn¬ bm{X sNbvXm¬ aXn-bmIpw. 10, 15, 20, 25 \nc-°p-If - n-emWv Sn°‰v. t\m¨

33


]©m-b-Øv cmPv G.kn. _knse Sn°‰v \nc-°n-s\°mƒ 5 cq]tb IqSp- X - e m- b p≈q. U¬ln-bn¬ G‰hpw Ipd™ _kv Sn°‰v \nc°v 5 cq]-bmWv. a’y-Øns‚ samØ hym]m-c-tI{µ-amb Km‘n-]q¿ ^njv am¿°‰v Ign™m¬ Intem- a o- ‰ - d p- I - t fmfw ZqcØn¬ \K- c - Ø nse amen- \ y- ß ƒ sIm≠n-Sp∂ taJ-e-Iƒ ImWmw. Hcp Zpc-¥-`q-an-t]mse tXm∂pw. h¿j-ßfmbn shbvÃv sIm≠n´v cq]m-¥c - s - ∏´ sNdnb \nc-h[n Ip∂p-Iƒ ssaep-Itfmfw \ofhpw hoXn-bp≈ amen-\yIp-∂p-Iƒ ImWmw. [mcmfw tNcn-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn-eq-sSbmWv _kv IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. Cu tNcn-Iƒ°n-Sb - n-ep≈ henb Agp-°pNm-ep-If - n¬ (tIc-fØ - nse Hcp sNdnb ]pg-bpsS hoXn-bp-≈h - b - m-Wnh) BgvNbn¬ aq∂mep arX-tZ-lß - ƒ ImWmdp-s≠∂v dnt∏m¿´p-If - p≠v. Nne hn`mK-߃°n-S-bn-ep≈ i{XpX, Ah¿ XΩn- e p≈ ASn F∂n- h - s bms° sIme-]m-X-I-Øn¬ Iem-in-°p∂p. ssk°nƒ dn£m-°m¿ XΩn-e-Sn-®m¬ ""Hcm-fpsS ihw HmS-bn¬ s]mßpw'' F∂v U¬ln-bn¬ Nne¿ ]d-bm-dp≠v. \K- c - Ø nse ]e {]tZ- i - ß - f nepw Ct∏mgpw ssk°nƒ dn£-bp≠v. ]pXnb U¬ln-bmb (\yqU¬ln) sX°≥ taJ-e-bn¬ ssk°nƒ dn£-Iƒ°v \ntcm-[-\-ap≠v. F∂m¬ ]gb U¬ ln- b nepw P\- I v ] pcn, DØw- \ - K ¿, abq¿ hnlm¿ XpS-ßnb ]´-W-ß-fnse√mw tdmUp- \ n- d sb ssk°nƒ dn£-I-fp≠v. Ct∏mƒ 10 cq]-bmWv ssk°nƒ dn£-bn¬ G‰hpw Ipd™ Iqen. H∂pw c≠pw Intemao‰¿ bm{X sNøm≥ km[m-cW - ° - m¿°v {]nb-s∏´ hml-\-amWv ssk°nƒ dn£-Iƒ. henb Ib-‰a - p≈ tdmUp-Iƒ C√m-ØXn-\m¬ dn£m-°m¿°v henb t¢i-an√msX ssk°nƒ Nhn´mw. F∂n-cp∂mepw c≠v aq∂p- t ]sc CcpØn IjvSs - ∏´v Hcp km[p-hmb ssk°nƒ dn£m-°m-c≥ ssk°nƒ Nhn´n hnb¿ °p-∂Xpw AW-bv°p-∂Xpw ImWptºmƒ ssk°nƒ dn£-bn¬ Ib-dphm≥ klm-\p-`q-Xn-bp-≈h - ¿°v tXm∂pI- b n√. Cu \K- c - Ø n¬ B¿°pw BtcmSpw klm-\p-`q-Xn-sbm-∂p-an-√mØ-Xn-\m¬ Xnc-t°-dnb tdmUn-eqsS c≠pw-aq∂pw t]sc CcpØn ssk °nƒ dn£m-°m¿ dn£m Nhn-´p-∂Xp ImWmw. (XpS-cpw) teJ-I≥ U¬ln sk≥{S¬ tam\n-‰-dnwKv k¿ho-kn¬ \yqkv tam\n-‰-dm-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ BIm-i-hmWn Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw \ne-b-Øn¬ \yqkv FUn-‰-dmWv

34

tZiob {KmaoW BtcmKy ZuXyw t]Pv 15¬ \n∂v

{]k-h-]q¿h-˛-{]-k-hm-\-¥-c-ip-{iqj-Iƒ, {]Xn-tcm[ IpØn-h-bv]p-Iƒ, kmw{I-anI-tcmK \nb-{¥Ww XpS-ßn b tkh-\-߃ Cu Iym-ºp-I-fn¬ e `yam-Wv. IqSmsX BtcmKytIcfØn s‚ klmbtØmsS ÿncw saUn° ¬ IymºpIƒ, kvs]jy¬ saUn° ¬ IymºpIƒ F∂nh kwLSn∏n°p ∂p. hb-\m-Sv, ]me-°mSv Pn√-I-fnse BZnhmkn{]- t Z- i - ß - f n¬ kn°nƒ sk¬ tcmKØns\-Xnsc ka{K-Nn-In’m]-≤Xn BZnhmkn BtcmKy]≤ XnbpsS `mKambn \S∏nem°n. tIm´ Ød, \√q¿\mSv ss{S_¬ kvs]jym en‰n Bip]{XnIƒ°v sa®s∏´ ASn ÿm\ kuIcyßfpw AXym[p\nI D]IcWßfpw anI® tUmIvS¿am cpsS tkh\hpw e`yam°n. {]Xn-tcm[ NnIn’ {]Xntcm[ NnIn’bpsS Imcy Øn¬ ap≥]¥nbnembncp∂ \ΩpsS kwÿm\Øv Ign™ H∂p c≠p h¿ jßfn¬ tcmK{]Xntcm[ hmIvknt\ j≥ FSp°p∂ Ip´nIfpsS FÆ Øn¬ IpdhptcJs∏SpØn ImWp∂p. CXv IW°nseSpØv Cu taJebn¬ \mw CXn\Iw ssIhcn® t\´w \ne \n¿Øp∂Xn\pw IqSpX¬ apt∂dp ∂Xn\pw hnhn[ I¿Ω-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Bhn-jvI-cn-®p. saUn-°¬ Hm^o-k¿ am¿ C√m-sX-bp≈ CΩ-yq-ssW-tkj≥ Iym-ºp-Iƒ, k©-cn-®p-sIm-≠ncn-°p∂ P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fn-se-Øn-s∏-Sm\mbn IqSp-X¬ Iym-ºp-Iƒ, {]mtZ-inI-t_m-[h - XvIc - W]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ, anI® {]I- S \w Imgv N - h - b v ° p∂ sP.]n.F- ® v . - F ≥am¿°v ]pc- k v I m- c - ß ƒ F∂nh \S∏nem°n hcp∂p. F√mh¿jhpw HIvtSm-_¿ amkw {]Xn-tcm[ IpØn-hbv]v amk-ambn kwÿm\w BN-cn-°p∂p.hm¿UpXe BtcmKy˛ t]mjIZn\mNcWßfneqsSbpw BiamcpsSbpw AwK≥hmSn {]h¿ ØIcpsSbpw klmbtØmsSbpw {]Xntcm[ IpØnshbv∏v FSp°p∂ hcpsS FÆw h¿≤n∏n°p∂Xn\p≈ \S]SnIƒ kzoIcn®n´p≠v. Btcm-Kyÿm]-\-ß-fpsS D∂a\w F√m kn.F®v.knIfpsSbpw sXc s™SpØ P\d¬/ Pn√m/ Xmeq°v/ {]mYanImtcmKytI{µßƒ Chbp tSbpw a‰v BtcmKy ÿm]\ßfp sSbpw \nehmcw Db¿ØpI F∂Xv F≥.B¿.F®v.FΩns‚ ASnÿm\ kuIcy hnIk\ {]{Inbbnse apJy

C\amWv. {]mcw` L´Øn¬ sF.]n. F®v.F ns‚ (C¥y≥ s]mXpP\m tcmKy am\Zfiw) am¿§\n¿t±ia\p kcn®v \q‰n]Xn\©v kn.F®n.kn Isf CXn\mbn Xncs™SpØp. H´pan° kn.F®v.knIfnepw CXns‚ {]h¿Ø\w ]q¿ØoIcn®p Ign™p. a‰v BtcmKyÿm]\ßfnse \ne hmcw Db¿Ø¬{]{Inb kab_‘n Xambn ]ptcmKan®p hcp∂p. kp\man ]p\c[nhmk ]≤Xn {]Imcap≈ \n¿ ΩmW {]h¿Ø\߃°v 110 ÿm] \ßsf sXcs™SpØp. CXn¬ 101 ÿm]\ßfn¬ \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Øo Icn®p. hnhn[ BtcmKyÿm]\ß fn¬ _tbmsaUn°¬ D]IcWß fpw ^¿Wn®dpIfpw hnXcWw sNbvXp. tImgnt°mSv amXr˛inip kwc£W tI{µØn¬ ]pXnb tªm°pIfpsS \n¿ΩmWhpw ]gb tªm°pIfpsS \hoIcWhpw \S∏n em°n. k¿°m¿ Bip]{XnIfpsS \nehmcw Db¿Ø¬ NABH s‚ (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals) AwKoImcØn eqsS k¿°m¿ Bip]{XnIfn¬ Db¿∂ \nehmcap≈ BtcmKy]cnN cW kwhn[m\w Dd∏m°p∂Xn\mbn tZiob {KmaoW BtcmKy ZuXyØn s‚ t\XrXzØn¬ tIcf k¿°m¿ sh√phnfnIƒ \nd™ Hcp \o° Øn\p XpS°w Ipdn®p. Izmfn‰n Iu¨kn¬ Hm^v C¥ybpsS Iogn ep≈ NABHs‚ AwKoImcw t\Sp ∂Xn\p≈ {]{InbbnemWv tIcf Ønse 14 {]apJ k¿°m¿ Bip] {XnIƒ. FdWmIpfw P\d¬ Bip ]{Xnbpw tN¿Øe Xmeq°v slUv Izm¿t´gvkv Bip]{Xnbpw A¥na \n¿Æbw Ign™v AwKoImcØn \mbn ImØncn°pIbmWv. tImgn t°ms´bpw Xncph\¥]pcØv ssX °ms´bpw kv{XoIfpsSbpw Ip´nIfp sSbpw Bip]{XnIƒ {]mYanI \n¿ Æbw ]q¿ØoIcn®v Izmfn‰n Iu¨ kn¬ Hm^v C¥ybpsS A¥na\n¿Æb Øn\mbn Xømdmbn°gn™p. kwÿm \Øv KpW\nehmc \n¿Æb]cn]mSn \S∏m°nbXneqsS k¿°m¿ BtcmKy ÿm]\ßfpsS ASnÿm\ kuIcy ߃, D]IcW߃, tkh\ \ne hmcw F∂nhbn¬ Imcyamb ]ptcm KXn D≠mbn. teJ-I≥ Btcm-K-y-tI-cfw kwÿm\ anj≥ Ub-d-IvS-dm-Wv.

P\phcn 2011


]©m]©m-b b-Ø -Øv v cmPv cmPv APnXv shÆn-bq¿

A¥m-cmjv{S ssPh-ssh-hn[y h¿jw

ssPh-Nn-¥b - psS kv^penw-Kß - ƒ sF

Iy-cm-j{v S-k` Blzm\w sNbvX A¥m-cmjv{S ssPh-ssh-hn[y h¿jØns‚ Ah-km-\sØ A©p-\m-fp-If - n¬ cmPy-saßpw \n∂p≈ ]cn-ÿnXn t{]an-Iƒ Bi-¶I - fpw Bi-bß - fpw ]¶p-h® {]Y-a t- Z-iob ssPh-ssh-hn[y tIm¨{K- n\v km£yw hln-®p-sIm-≠mWv tIc-f-Øns‚ Xe-ÿm-\-\-K-cnbn¬ 2010 hnS-hm-ßn-b-Xv. BtKm-f-Xm-]-\-Øn-t‚bpw Imem-hÿm hyXn-bm-\-Øn-s‚bpw sImSpw sISp-Xn-I-fn¬ temIhpw C¥ybpw Bi-¶-bpsS apƒap-\-bn-seØn \n¬ °p-tºmƒ F¥p sNø-W-sa-∂-dn-bmsX ]I®p \nev°p∂ kaq-l-Øn-\p-ap∂n¬ ssPh- N n- ¥ - b psS kv ^ penw- K - ß ƒ hnX- d nb ssPh- s sh- h n[y tIm¨{K v `mhn `mc-X-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ {]Xym-i-Iƒ°v \ndw ]I¿∂p. ""Xß-fpsS ZuXy-Øn¬ ASn-bp-d® hnizm-khpw AXp \nd-th-‰p-∂-Xn¬ XnI™ A¿∏W t_m[-hp-ap≈ Hcp sNdp-kwLw a\- p-h-®m¬ Ncn-{XØns‚ KXn Xs∂ Xncp-Øn-°p-dn-°m-\mhpw'' F∂ alm-flm-Km‘n-bpsS {]Xym-im-\n¿`-c-amb hm°p-Iƒ D≤-cn®v sFIy-cm-jv{S-k-`-bpsS "I¨ sh≥j≥ Hm¨ _tbm-f-Pn-°¬ ssUth-gvkn‰n'bpsS FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv sk{I-´dn Al-ΩZv tPmJve^v Ab® Biw-km-kt- µiw hmbn-®p-sIm≠mWv A¥m-cmjv{S ssPh-ssh-hn[y h¿j-Øn¬ C¥y-bn¬ \S∂ GI- tZ-iob tIm¨{K-kn¬ ]cn-Nn-¥-\-ß-fpsS Xncn-sX-fn-™-Xv. ssPh-ssh-hn[y h¿jm-Nc - W - Ø - n¬ sFIy-cm-j{v S-k`- b - psS C¥y≥ ]¶m-fn-bmb sk‚¿ t^m¿ Cs∂m-th-j≥ C≥ kb≥kv B≥Uv tkmjy¬ B£≥ (kn-k) ap≥ssI-sb-SpØv tIcf ssPh-sshhn[y t_m¿Uv, tZiob ssPh-ssh-hn[y AtXm-dn-‰n, tIcf k¿hI-em-im-e, \h-[m\y F∂n-h-bpsS ]¶m-fn-Ø-tØmsS Bhn-jvIcn® ssPh-ssh-hn[y tIm¨{K-kv, hnj-b-ssh-hn[yw sIm≠pw hn]p-e-amb ]¶m-fnØw sIm≠pw tZiob {i≤ ]nSn-®p-]-‰n. hn⁄m-\hpw hnt\m-Zhpw ]I¿∂ {]Z¿i-\w Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw \K-cl - r-Zb - Ø - nse N{µ-ti-J-c≥ \mb¿ tÃUn-b-Øn¬ \q‰-º-Xn¬∏cw Ãmfp-I-fn¬ AWn-bn-s®m-cp°nb tZiob ssPh-ssh-hn[y {]Z¿i-\-am-bn-cp∂p ]cn-]mSn-bn¬ P\-{i≤ t\Snb Hcn-\w. ssPh-ssh-hn[y cwKsØ {][m-\s - ∏´ F√m k¿°m¿-˛A - ¿[-k¿°m¿ ÿm]-\ß - fpw kwL-S-\-Ifpw hnZym-`ymk Kth-jW kYm-]-\-ßfpw

P\phcn P\phcn 2011 2011

35 35


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv \S∂ tZiob ssPh sshhn-[y tIm¨{Kkv ]cn-ÿnXn {]h¿Ø-Ibpw imkv{X-⁄-bp-amb tUm. hµ\inh DZvLm-S\w sNøp-∂p.

Ah-cpsS Adnhpw Bi-b-ßfpw {]Z ¿i-\-im-e-bn¬ s]mXp-P-\-ß-fp-ambn ]¶p-h-®p. ]pcm-X\ Bbp¿thZ {KŸ-amb NcI-kw-ln-Xb - n¬ hnh-cn-°p∂ A™qtdmfw Huj-[k - k - y-߃, ]›n-a-L-´ß-fnepw ae-_m-dns‚ Nne-{]-tZ-i-ßfnepw am{Xw ImW-s∏-Sp∂ A]q¿hbn\w Pe- k - k y- ß ƒ, kwÿm- \ Øns‚ hnhn-[`- m-Kß - f - n¬ \n∂p tiJcn® Ic-Iu-ie Dev]-∂-߃, ]›n-aL-´-Øn¬ am{Xw ImW-s∏-Sp∂ Xhf-Ifpw Cg-P¥ - p-°f - pw, C¥y≥ \mj W¬ ayqkn-b-Øns‚ s]bn‚nwKv ]cº-c, I∏-bpsS hnhn-[-`m-K-ß-fpsS D]tbm-Kß - ƒ hnh-cn-°p∂ kn.-Fk - v.s - F.B¿.-Ãmƒ, ]c-º-cm-KX Irjnk{ºZm-b-ßfpw Im¿jn-I-˛-Kr-tlm-]-I-c-Wß-fpw, ssPhssh-hn-[y-Øns‚ A]q ¿h Nmcp-X-Iƒ H∏n-sb-SpØ temI{]ikv X t^mt´m- { Km- ^ ¿am- c psS t^mt´m-Iƒ, hwi-\miw t\cn-Sp∂ kky-˛-]-£n-˛-ar-Km-Zn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ kNn-{X-hn-h-c-W-߃, tIc-f-Øns‚ X\-Xp-cp-Nn-Iƒ hnf-ºnb \mS≥ `£ytaf F∂nh {]Z¿i-\sØ sshhn[y kº-∂-am-°n. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS kuµ-cy-cl - k - y-߃

36

H∏n-sb-SpØ temtIm-Øc \ne-hm-cap≈ tUmIyp-sa‚dn Ne-®n-{X-ßf - psS {]Z¿i-\-am-bn-cp∂p ssPh-ssh-hn[y tIm¨{K- k n¬ P\- { i≤ t\Snb as‰mcp C\w. Bi-¶-Iƒ B[n-]Xyw t\Snb Bg-ta-dnb N¿®-Iƒ imkv{X-˛-]-cn-ÿnXn taJ-e-I-fn¬ tZio-b˛- A - ¥ - ¿tZ-iob Xe-Øn¬ {]K¤cpw {]i-kvX-cp-amb H´-t\Iw t]¿ t\XrXzw \¬Inb skan-\m-dp-Iƒ D≈- S °w sIm≠pw sshhn[yw sIm≠pw XnI®pw tZiob \ne-hmcw ]pe¿Øn. ssPh- s sh- h n[y taJ- e - b n¬ Km‘n-b≥ ka-c-ap-d-I-fn-epsS A¥¿ tZ-io-b˛- t- Z-iob IpØ-II - ƒs°-Xnsc t]mcm-Sp∂ imkv{X⁄ tUm. hµ\-in-hb - mWv skan-\m¿ ]c-ºc DZvLmS\w sNbvX-Xv. ssPh-ssh-hn[yw D]tbm-Kn®p Xo¿°p-Ib√ th≠-Xv, D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn-s\m∏w Dev]m-Zn-∏n°pI IqSn thWsa∂ hmZ-KX - n-bmWv Ah¿ DZvLm-S\ {]kw-K-Øn¬ D∂bn-®-Xv. ""kzcm-Pv, kztZin F∂n-hsIm≠v Km‘nPn A¿Y-am-°n-bXv AXmWv'', Ah¿ Iq´n-tN¿Øp. tUm. Binjv tImØm-cn, Im¿ØntIb kmcm-`m-bv, tUm.-F≥. Fkv. slUvPv, tUm. cma≥kp-Ip-am¿, tUm. Hmw.-]n. cPu-d, tUm. \µnX IrjvW, s{]m^. Fw. sI. {]km-Zv, sI. i¿a, tUm. ]n.-sI. ]pjv]mw-K-Z≥, tUm. Fw.-]n. \mb¿, tUm. kn.-sI. ]oXmw_-c≥, tUm. hn.-F-kv. hnP-b≥, tUm. F®v.-F-kv. bml, tUm. F≥. tKm]me-Ir-jvW≥, tUm. B¿.-hn. h¿a, tUm. Pn.-Pn. KwKm-[-c≥, tUm. F.

_nPp-Ip-am¿, tUm. kptc-jvIp-am¿ XpSßn hnhn-[t- a-Je - I - f - n¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂ {]ikvX imkv{X-⁄cpw [\a{¥n tUm. tXmakv sFk-Iv, h\w a{¥n _nt\mbv hnizw, kpK-X-Ip-amcn apX- e mb cmjv{Sob kmaq- l nI kmwkvIm-cnI {]h¿Ø-Icpw ssPhssh-hn-[y-tIm¨{K- ns‚ hnhn-[-thZn-Isf kº-∂-am-°n. 25 kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈ 750 {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ ]s¶-SpØ skan-\m-dpI-fn¬ 86 {]_-‘ß - ƒ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-®p. ]pdta t]mÿ {]Z¿i-\-ß-fpw. kao-]`- m-hn-bn¬ cmPyw t\cn-tS-≠nhcp∂ G‰hpw henb B`y- ¥ c `ojWn ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-Øns‚ \miam-bn-cn-°p-sa∂ ap∂-dn-bn-t∏m-sS-bmWv Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv \S∂ A©p-\mfsØ tZiob ssPh- s sh- h n[y tIm¨{Kkv sImSn-bn-d-ßn-b-Xv. {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ Dev]-∂-ßfp-tSbpw Adn-hp-If - p-tSbpw ta¬ kzX{¥m-h-Imiw t\Sp-∂-Xn-eqsS am{Xta Cu `oj-Wnsb t\cn-Sm-\mhq F∂mWv ktΩ-f-\-ß-fn¬ Db¿∂p h∂ A`n{]m-bw. kº-∂a - mb Im¿jnI kwkvImcw at‰Xp cmPy-tØ-°mfpw C¥y°p Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-\m-Ipw. cmk-h-fhpw IoS-\m-in-\n-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn®p XpSßp-∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºp≈ ]c-º-cm-K-X-amb Adn-hp-I-fn-eqsS aÆn\pw a\p-jy-\pan-W-ßnb Irjn-co-Xn-Iƒ hos≠-Sp°m≥ t_m[-]q¿h-amb {iaw thWw. ssPh- I r- j n- b n¬ F√mw Nm{In- I ambXn\m¬ amen-\ytam AXp-aqew {]Ir-Xn°v tZmjtam D≠m-Ip-∂n-√. F∂m¬ h≥In-S- Ip-ØI Iº-\n-Iƒ C¥y≥ Im¿jnI cwKØv IS-∂p-Ibdn \ΩpsS ss]XrI kº-Øn-t\ bpw kwkvIm-c-tØbpw ]ngp-sX-dn-bpI-bm-Wv. kmº-ØnI em`hpw hn]-Wnbnse B[n-]-Xyhpw am{X-amWv AhcpsS e£yw. AXn\v Adnt™m Adnbm- s Xtbm \mw Iq´p- \ n- e v ° p- ∂ p. F¥m-Wn-Xn\v ]cn-lmcw? ssPh-ssh-hn[y tIm¨{K- n¬ GI-kz-c-Øn¬ Db¿∂p tI´ Hcp \n¿tZiw CXmWv: ""I¿j-Isc bp‡n-tbmSpw _p≤ntbmSpw IqSn Nn¥n-°m\pw {]h¿Øn°m\pw A\p-h-Zn-°p-I. `t£ym-ev]mZ-\hpw hnX-cW - hpw {]mtZ-inIh¬°cn-°pI''-. tIcf kwÿm\ ssPh-ssh-hn[y t_m¿Uns‚ sNb¿am- \ m- b n- c p∂p tUm. hn.-F-kv. hnP-b≥ IW-°p-Iƒ \ncØn A°mcyw ka¿∞n-®p. P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv c-ambn \ntcm-[n-°-Ww.  Zmcn{Zy \n¿am¿÷-\w, `£y-kp-c-

""ssPh- s sh- h n- [ yhpw hnI- k \ amXr-II - fpw'' F∂ hnj-bsØ A[nI-cn®v s{]m^. Fw. sI. {]km-Zns‚ A[y- £ - X - b n¬ \S∂ skan- \ m¿ \ΩpsS sX‰mb `qhn-\n-tbmK \bw hnfn®p hcp-Øp∂ hn]-Øp-I-fn-te°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠n-b-Xv. Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb hnI-k\ amXrI-Iƒ ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-Øn-t\-ev∏n°p∂ BLm-X-ß-sf-°p-dn®v \man\nbpw Kuc-h-tØmsS Nn¥n®p XpSßn-bn-´n√ F∂v skan-\m¿ hne-bn-cpØn. ""`qan-bpsS D]-tbm-K-sØ-°p-dn®v IrXy-amb [mcW a\p-jy¿°p-≠m-IWw. kwkvIm-c-߃ ]S¿∂p-]-¥-en®Xv `qan-bpsS khn-ti-jX - I - sf th≠pthmfw D]-tbm-Ks - ∏-Sp-Øn-bm-Wv. AXn\m¬ kwkvIm-cß - f - psS \ne-\n-ev]n\v icn-bmb `qhn-\n-tbmK ]≤Xn Bhnjv°-cn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. a\p-jys‚ ASnÿm-\m-h-iy-ß-fmb hmbp, sh≈w, `£-Ww, ]m¿∏nSw F∂nh {]Zm\w sNøm-\p≈ sIev]v \in-∏n-°m-sXbp≈ `qhn-\n-tbmK coXn-bmWv kzoIcn-t°-≠-Xv. ssPh-k-º-Øn-s‚ imkv {Xo-bhpw hnth-I-]q¿h-I-hp-amb D]tbm-K-Øn-eqsS am{Xta ssPh-sshhn[y kwc-£Ww km[y-amIq'' ˛ skan-\m¿ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. ""]{¥≠mw ]©-h’ - c - ] - ≤ - X - n-bn¬ F√m taJ- e - I - f n- t ebpw hnI- k \ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS Bkq-{X-Ww, \n¿ ∆-lWw F∂n-hb - n¬ ssPh-ssh-hn[y kwc-£W - hpw Ah-bpsS kpÿnc D]tbm-Khpw A\n-hm-cy-L-S-I-ambn Dƒ s∏Sp-ØW-sa-∂-XmWv ssPh-sshhn[y tIm¨{K- n¬ ]uc-kw-L-S\m {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpsS `mK-Øp-\n-∂p-b¿∂ {][m\ \n¿tZ-iw. a‰p-{]-[m\ {]ta-b߃ NphsS:  F≥tUm- k ƒ^m≥ a\p- j y\pw {]Ir-Xn-°p-ap-≠m-°p∂ amc-I-amb hn]-Øp-Iƒ kw_-‘n®v CXn-\Iw ]pd-Øp-h∂ hnh-cß - ƒ IW-°n-seSp-Øv, CXn-\Iw 74 cmPy-ß-fn¬ \ntcm- [ n- ° - s ∏´ Cu IoS- \ m- i n\nsb C¥y-bn-em-Ia - m\w ASn-b¥ - P\phcn 2011











£, km[m-cW P\-ß-fpsS D]-Poh-\-am¿Kw F∂n-hbv°v ssPh-kº-Øns‚ kwc-£-Whpw ]cn-]m-e\hpw A\n-hm-cy-am-sW-∂n-cns° Ahsb D∑q-e\w sNøp-∂ LSI-߃ hnI-k\ ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ IS∂p-Iq-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ \nXm¥ Pm{KX Bh-iy-am-Wv. tZiob ssPh-sshhn[y kv{Sm‰Pn B≥Uv B£≥ πm\n(NBSAP)s‚ A¥na dnt∏m¿ ´nse ip]m¿i-Iƒ CXn\v B[m-cambn kzoI-cn-°-Ww. Imem-hÿm hyXn-bm\hpw A\pZn\w {]Xy-£-am-Ip∂ ]cn-ÿnXn {]iv \ - ß fpw IW- ° n- s e- S pØv ssPh-ssh-hn[y kwc-£W {]h ¿Ø-\-߃°v ASn-b-¥c {]m[m \yw \¬I-Ww. ssPh- s sh- h n[y kwc- £ Ww {][m\ e£y-ßf - n-sem-∂mbn hnh£n-°-s∏-´n-´p≈ alm-flm-Km‘n tZiob {KmaoW sXmgn- e p- d ∏p ]≤Xn e£y-Øn¬ \n∂v hyXnN en®v ssPh- s sh- h n[yw \in- ∏ n°p∂ {]hr-Øn-Iƒ \S-Øp-∂-Xns\-Xnsc Pm{KX ]pe¿Ø-Ww. \o¿ØS kwc-£-W-Øn\v tZiob \o¿ØS ]cn-]m-e\ X{¥-ßfpw I¿Ω ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw Bhn-jvIc - n-°Ww. \o¿ØS kwc-£-Whpw ]cn-]m-e\hpw Xt±i`cW ÿm]-\ß - f - psS `c-WL - S- \ - m-]c - a - mb A\n-hmcy NpaX-e-bmbn \njvI¿jn-°-Ww. \ne-hn-ep≈ ssPh-ssh-hn[y kwc£-W-\n-b-a-Ønse Kpcp-X-c-amb t]mcm-bva-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v {]mtZ-inI kaq-l-߃, {Kma-k-`Iƒ, Xt±-ikzbw`cW ÿm]-\߃ F∂n-hbv°v IqSpX¬ A[nIm-chpw Ah-Im-iß - fpw \¬Ip∂ coXn-bn¬ \nbaw hn]p-e-amb IqSn-

bm-tem-N-\-I-fn-eqsS Agn®p ]Wnb-Ww.  ssPh-ssh-hn[yw kw_-‘n® \m´dn-hp-Iƒ kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xn\v ]uck-aq-lßfpw kwL-S-\-I-fp-ambn IqSn-bm-tem-Nn®v ""kqbn P\-dkv'' \nbaw sIm≠p-h-c-Ww.  ]mc-ºcy Adn-hp-Iƒ°v _u≤nI kzØ-h-Imiw A\p-h-Zn-°-cp-Xv. Xoc-tZi \nb-{¥W \nb-a-Øns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬s∏´ {]tZ-iß - f - n¬ hnt\mZ-k-©mc-Øn\pw hyh-km-b-߃°pw th≠n-bp≈ \n¿amW {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ A\p- h - Z n°cpsX∂pw ktΩ- f \w {]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿tZ-in-®p. ]c-ºc - m-KX a’ysXmgnem-fn-If - psS Ah-Im-i-߃ Dƒs∏-SpØn {]tXyI \nb-a\ - n¿amWw \S-Øp-I, ssPh-sshhn[y kwc-£-W-Øn\pw D]-Po-h-t\m]m-[n-Iƒ°pw {]m[m\yw \evIn tI{µkw-ÿm\ k¿°m-cpIfpsS ss{S_¬ k_v πm\p-Iƒ ]cn-jvIc - n-°pI F∂nhbpw ]uc- k w- L - S \m ktΩ- f - \ Øns‚ \n¿t±-i-ß-fn¬s∏-Sp-∂p. P\n-X-Iam‰w hcp-Ønb hnf-Iƒ aqe-ap-≠m-Ip∂ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I˛- I - m¿jnI-˛-B-tcmKy {]iv\-߃ kw_-‘n®v CXn-\Iw shfn-s∏´ hnh-c-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]Xn-tcm[ am¿§sa∂ \ne-bn¬ C¥y-bn¬ P\n-X-I-

37


]©m-b-Øv cmPv am‰w hcp-Ønb hnØp-If - psS ]co-£Whpw {]Nm-c-Whpw ASn-b-¥-c-ambn XS-bW - s - a∂v ssPh-ssh-hn[y tIm¨{K v Bh-iy-s∏-´p. cmk-h-f-ß-fp-sSbpw IoS-\m-in-\nI-fp-tSbpw D]-tbm-Khpw hnev]-\bpw \nb-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A[n-Imcw {]mtZ- i nI ]uc- k - a q- l - ß ƒ°pw Xt±ikzbw-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°pw \evIp-∂-Xn\v klm-b-I-amb \nb-a\n¿ΩmWw D≠m-IWw F∂-XmWv {it≤- b - a mb as‰mcp \n¿tZ- i w. cmPyØv L´w L´-ambn A©p-sIm√-Øn-\p-≈n¬ IoS-\m-in-\nbpw cmkh-f-ßfpw ]q¿W-ambpw \n¿Ωm¿P\w sNøp-∂-Xn\v Ign-bpw-hn[w tZio-b-Xe-Øn¬ ssPh-Ir-jn-\-b-Øn\v cq]w \evI-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-ap-b¿∂p. a‰v {][m\ \n¿t±-i-߃:  ssPh-ssh-hn[y {]m[m-\y-ap≈ ]›n-a-L-´w, ]q¿∆-L-´w, Ing-°≥ lnam-e-b-߃ F∂n-h-bpsS ]cn-c£bv°v ap≥K-W\ \¬Ip-I.  ]mcn-ÿn-XnI {]m[m-\y-ap≈ {]tZi-ß-fn¬ J\\ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \nb-{¥n-°p-I.  hnØn-t∑¬ I¿j-I¿°p≈ ]c-am[n-Imcw Dd-∏n-°p-I.  hnØns‚ hne-\n-b-{¥-Wm-[n-Imcw kwÿm\ k¿°m-cns‚ ta¬t\m´- Ø n¬ Xt±- i - ` - c W ÿm]- \ ߃°v \evIp-I.  {]mtZinI hnØn-\ß - sf ]cn-c£ - n°p-I.  Im¿jnI hn`-hß - ƒ°v {]mtZ-inI hn]Wn Dd- ∏ m- ° p∂ coXn- b n¬ s]mXp-hn-X-cW kwhn-[m\w {IaoI-cn-°p-I.  amen\y ]cn-]m-e\ ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ kotdm thÃv k¶ev]w k∂n-thin-∏n-°p-I.  kv I qƒXew apX¬ ssPh- s shhn[y kwc- £ - W - Ø ns‚ {]m[m\yw ]mTy-hn-j-b-am-°p-I.  ssPh-ssh-hn[y timj-W-Øn\v CS- b m- ° p∂ hyh- k m- b - ß - f n¬ \n∂v \jvS-]-cn-lmcw CuSm-°p-∂Xn\p Bh- i y- a mb \nb- a \n¿ΩmWw \S-ØpI. hnIk\w kw_-‘n® ImgvN-∏mSn¬ `c-W-I¿Øm-°ƒ°pw P\-߃ °pw ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb am‰w hc-Wsa∂ kao-]-\-amWv hnhn[ thZn-Ifn¬ \S∂ ktΩ-f-\-ß-fnse N¿®Iƒ sNs∂-Øn-b-Xv. ""hf¿®m-\n-c-°nse h¿[-\-bmWv hnI-k-\-sa∂ [mcW amdWsa∂pw Ata- c n- ° - b psS amXr- I - b n¬

38

C¥ysb hnI-kn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-®m¬ temIw Xs∂ XI¿∂p-t]mIp--sa∂v tUm. hµ-\-in-h-bpsS A`n-{]mbw {it≤-b-am-bn. \ne-hn¬ kºZv hyhÿ-bv°p-≠m-Ip∂ hf¿®-aqew P\kw-Jy-bpsS 60 iX-am\w t]¿°v t\´sam∂pw D≠m-Ip-∂n-s√∂ hµ-\-in-hbpsS hmZ-KX - n-tbmSv tbmPn-®p-sIm≠v ]m›m-Xy-am-Xr-I-bn¬ hnI-kn-°pI F∂-Xn-\-√, hnI-kn-°m-Xn-cn-°pI F∂-Xn-\mWv {]m[m\yw \¬tI≠ sX∂v {]ikvX ]cn-ÿnXn {]h¿ØI\pw temI-{]-ikvX _ln-cm-Imi imkv{X-⁄≥ hn{Iw-km-cm-`m-øpsS aI-\p-amb Im¿ØntIb kmcm-`mbv {]kvXm-hn-®p. Bfl-l-Xym-]-c-amb kmºØnI \nt£]w ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-tØbpw AXns\ B{i-bn®v \ne-\n-ev°p∂ F√m-‰ns\bpw \nXy- \ m- i - Ø n- t e°v \bn°p∂ ""Bfl-l-Xym-]-c-amb kmºØnI \nt£-]''-Øn\v C¥y {]Xnh¿jw sNe-h-gn-°p-∂Xv 1.3 e£w tImSn cq]. tI´m¬ sR´p∂ IW°p-Iƒ. F¥n-\p-th-≠n-bm-WnXv F∂pIqSn At\z-jn-°p-tºm-gmWv icn°pw sR´pI ˛ cmPysØ Im¿jnI hf¿ ®-bv°mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ cmk-h-f߃°pw IoS-\m-in-\n-Iƒ°pw. C¥y≥ ssPh-ssh-hn[y tIm¨ {K- ns‚ kam-]\ thf-bn¬ C¥ybnse kap-∂X imkv{X-⁄cpw ]cnÿnXn {]h¿Ø-I-cp-amb tUm. hµ\-in-h, tUm. Binjv tImØm-cn, Im¿Øn-tIb kmcm-`mbn F∂n-h¿ B[n-Im-cnI tcJ-I-fpsS klm-btØmsS IW-°p-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®t∏mƒ Xcn®p \n∂Xv am[y-a-tem-Iw. ]nt‰-∂sØ _nkn-\kv sse\n¬ {]kn-≤o-Ic - n® A©p tImfw hm¿ØbpsS Xe- h m- N Iw CXm- b n- c p- ∂ p.: "Rs.1.3 lac-cr investment driving suicidal economy - It measures upto India’s annual defence budget: conservationists'. _nkn-\ v sse≥ am{X-a-√ a‰v an° am[y-a-ß-fp-sSbpw {][m\ hm¿Ø-I-fn-sem∂v CXm-bn-cp∂p. C¥y-bpsS Aaq-ey-ss]-Xr-I-amb ssPh- s sh- h n- [ ysØ sIms∂m- S p°m≥ \ΩpsS JP- \ m- h n¬ \n∂v k_vkn-Un-I-fp-sSbpw hymh-km-bnI \nt£] t{]m’m-l\ - Ø - n-t‚bpw a‰pw t]cn¬ sNe-hn-Sp∂ e£w tImSn-Iƒ C¥y-bpsS samØw {]Xn-tcm[ sNehp-Isf Ih®phbv°p-∂-Xm-sW-∂-dnbp- t ºm- g mWv AXns‚ cq£X sXfn™p hcn-I.

{]

IrXn I\n- ™ - \ p- { K- l n®p \¬Inb aÆpw agbpw. ]›n-aL - ´- - ae\n-c-Iƒ°pw Ad-_n-°-S-en\pw CSbnse A\nXckm-[m-c-W-amb `qhn`mKw At\Iw A]q¿∆ kky-sshhn-[y-Øns‚ Ie-h-d-bmbn kl-{km_vZß - t- fmfw \ne-sIm-≠p. P\-hmkw Cu `qhn- ` m- K - Ø ns‚ ssPh- _ - ‘ Øn\p t]md-te¬∏n-°msX ]ns∂bpw kl-{km-_vZ-߃ ]n∂n-´p. ]n∂o-S-p ≠mb P\-kwJym hnkvt^m-S-\hpw P\-]Y - ß - f - psS h¿≤-\hpw B[p-\nI Irjn-co-Xn-I-fpsS hym]-\hpw ssPhL-S-\-bn¬ k¿∆-\m-i-Øns‚ hnØphnX-®p. temIm¤pX NnIn-Xvkm k{º-Zmb-amb Bbp¿th-Z-Øn\v tIc-fob hgn-If - n-eqsS D≠mb hnImk ]cn-Wma-߃°v \ΩpsS ssPh kºØv Ipd-s®m-∂p-a√ kzm[o-\w sNep-Ønbn-´p-≈-Xv. hwi-\m-i-Øn-s‚ AXn¿hc-ºp-I-fn¬ Ahn-S-hnsS am{Xw Ahti- j n- ° p∂ Huj[ kky- ß sf, {]tXyIn®v Huj[ hr£-ßsf kwc£n-t°-≠Xv Bbp¿th-Z-Øn-s‚ \ne\nev]n\pw A∏pdw {]Ir-Xn-bpsS PohXm-fhpw ssPh-ssh-hn-[yhpw ImØpkq-£n-°p-∂-Xn\pw AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. hwi-\m-i`- o-jWn t\cn-Sp∂ Huj[- h r- £ - ß - f psS kwc- £ - W - Ø n\v tI{µ, kwÿm\ k¿°mcp- I fpw Xt±i `c-W-ÿm-]-\-ßfpw P\-]-¶mfn-Ø-tØmsS Iq´mb ]cn-{i-a-ØneqsS {Inbm-flI ]≤-Xn-Iƒ BhnjvI-cn-®n-s√-¶n¬ C∂-se-I-fn¬ tIcf-Ønse \m´nepw Im´nepw kpe-`-ambn-cp∂ Huj[ kky-߃ ]eXpw A{]-Xy-£-am-Ip-hm≥ A[n-I-Imew th≠n-h-cn√. tXm´-hn-f-I-fpsS Irjnhym-]-I-am-b-tXmsS \ΩpsS \m´n¬ Hcp-Im-eØv kpe-`-am-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂ ]p∂, atcm´n, Im™n-cw, ISp-°, Xm∂n, s\√n, ]e-I-∏-øm-\n, ]mXn-cn, Icn-tßm-´n, AØn, CØn, Ac-bm¬, t]cm¬, a©m- S n, Ip∂n XpSßn AkwJyw Huj[ hr£-߃ C∂p \mam-h-ti-j-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Ch-bpsS kwc-£-W-Øn\v Imhp-Iƒ Hcp- ° p- h m≥ \ΩpsS \Zo- X o- c hpw tXmSv, ]pg ]pd-tºm-°p-If - p-amWv F¥psIm≠pw A\p- t bm- P yw. CØcw sIm®p-h-\-߃ ]pg-tbm-c-kw-c-£-WtØm-sSm∏w Huj[ kky-ß-fpsS e`yX Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-Ibpw hwi-\m-iØn¬ \n∂pw kwc£n-°pIbpw ssPh sshhn[yw \ne-\n¿Øp∂Xn\pw {]IrXn-bpsS k¥p-en-Xm-hÿ ImØp-kq£n-°p-∂X - n\pw {]tbm-P\ - {- ]-Za - m-bn-cnP\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

ISp°

iXm-hcn

{_“n

°pw. H∏w BtKm-f-Xm-]-\-Øn-s\Xnsc lcn-XI - h - Nw \n¿Ωn-°p∂ {]h ¿Ø-\-Øn\v {Inbm-fl-I-amb kw`mh\ \¬Ip-∂X - n\pw Cu kwcw`-Øn\v Ignbpw. CXn-\mbn tI{µ˛kwÿm\ Xt±i `c-W-ÿm-]-\-ß-fpsS hnhn[ ]≤XnIfnse km≤y-XI - ƒ imkv{Xo-ba - mbn ka-\z-bn-∏n®v P\-]-¶m-fn-Ø-tØmsS \S-∏n-em-°p-hm≥ km[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. \ne-hn-ep≈ ]pg-]p-d-tºm-°p-Iƒ Xn´s∏-SpØn AhnsS A\ptbm-Py-amb hr£-ssØ-Iƒ Xnc-s™-SpØv \´v ]cn-]m-en-®m¬ \ΩpsS ]pg-tbm-c-ßfn¬ cq]-s∏-Sp∂ Huj-t[m-Zym\w GI-hnf k{º-Zm-bØ - n¬ A\z-h¬°cn-°-s∏´ kky sshhn-[y-ß-fpsS Xncn-®p-h-c-hn\v hgn-sbm-cp°pw am{Xa√ `mhn-bn¬ \ΩpsS t_m[-]q¿∆amb CS- s ]- S ¬ C√msX Xs∂ ]pgsb B{i-bn®v kzm`m-hnI hnØphn-XcWw hgn hwi-h¿≤-\-hn-eqsS ho≠pw \ΩpsS ]pg-tbm-cß - ƒ kky\n-_nV-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ Hcp sa°m\nkw IqSn CtXm-sSm∏w cq]-s∏-´psIm-≈pw. hnhn[ sXmgn¬Zm\˛{]IrXn kwc£W ]≤-Xn-I-fmb alm-flm-Km‘n {KmaoW sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xn, dnh¿ amt\-Pvsa‚ v ^≠v, Imhv kwc-£W

]≤-Xn, P\-Iobmkq{XW ]≤-Xnbnep≈ hnhn[ \o¿ØS hnIk\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ F∂n-h-bn-eqsS \S-∏m°m-hp∂ hnhn[ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ ]pg-tbm-c-߃°m-h-iy-amb Ncnhp \¬In asÆm-cp-°¬ {]h¿Øn-Iƒ sXmgn-ep-d∏p ]≤-Xn-bn¬ Gs‰-SpØp \S-∏m-°m-hp-∂XpamWv. dnh¿am-t\Pvsa‚ v ^≠v, P\-Io-bm-kq-{XW ]≤Xn-Iƒ F∂n-h-bn-eqsS kwc-£W˛ ]cn-]m-e\ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m-hp∂- X m- W v . ]≤Xn {]tZ- i - t ØmSp tN¿∂p≈ ÿe DS-a-Isf Dƒs∏SpØn cq]o-Ic - n-°p∂ bqk¿ {Kq∏ns\ ]cn-]m-e\ Npa-Xe G¬∏n-°p-∂-tXmsSm∏w ]n¬°m-eØv Cu ]≤-Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw e`n-°m-hp∂ hcp-am-\-Øns‚ hnln-Xhpw Dd∏m-°n-bm¬ P\-Iob kl-I-c-W-tØmsS CXv hnP-b-I-cambn \S-∏m-°m-hp-∂-XmWv. ]pg-tbm-c-߃ tImSn-Iƒ sNe-hgn®v Icn-¶¬`nØn sI´n kwc-£n-°p∂, XnI®pw Aim-kv{Xo-bhpw ]cnÿnXn kulr-Zhpw A√mØ ]≤Xn-Iƒ°v ]Icw Huj-[-hr-£-ßfpw cma-®-]p√pw h®p-]n-Sn-∏n-®m¬ Xmc-Xtay\ Ipd™ sNe-hn¬ Xoc kwc£-Whpw H∏w Pe-˛ssPh kº-ØpI-fpsS kwc-£W - hpw km≤y-am-Ip∂, ]cn-ÿnXn kulrZ \-Zo-Xo-c-kw-c-

£Ww bmYm¿∞y-am-°p-hm≥ \ap°p km[n-°pw. kar-≤a - mb Huj[ kkyk-º-Øn\m¬ ]® ]pX®v ]pg-tbm-c߃ Pe-˛ssPh˛ aÆp-kw-c-£W {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v \ap°p \¬Imhp∂ G‰hpw henb kw`m-h-\-bm-bncn-°pw. Cßs\ kwc-£n-°-s∏-Sp∂ sIm®p Huj- [ - h - \ - ß ƒ°v CS- b neqsS Hgp-Ip∂ sXfn-\o¿ \ΩpsS ]pgI-sfbpw tXmSp-I-sfbpw F√m-°meØpw kP-e-ß-fm-°-s´! acn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ ]pg-Iƒ°v AXp arXk⁄oh\n BIs´! AXn-Po-h-\-Øn\v {]IrXn \¬Inbn-´p≈ teme-amb {]Xn-tcm-[-Ih Nhpw \jvS-s∏´v, a\p-jys‚ hnth-N\-c-ln-X-amb CS-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eq-sS, Ime-{]-hm-l-Øns‚ A\-¥-X-bn¬ hnebw {]m]n-°p-hm≥ hn[n-°-s∏´ ssPh sshhn-[y-Øns‚ kwc-£-WØn-\v, hnti-j_ - p-≤nbpw hnNm-ch - n-Imc-ß-fp-ap≈ a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS hnthI-]q¿Æ-amb {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ A\n-hmcy-am-Wv. Pohs‚ \ne-\n¬]n\mbn {]IrXn Hcp-°n-bn-´p≈ hn`-h-ßfpw ]cn-ÿn-Xnbpw ASpØ Xe-ap-dbv°v ssIam-dp-∂Xn\v Hcp-]nSn aÆpw Hcp Ipºnƒ hn`-hß - fpw Hc¬]w {i≤bpw \ap°p am‰n-h-bv°mw.

kn.-F≥. _me-Ir-jvW≥

Huj[ hr£-߃°v hwi-\m-i-Øn¬ \n∂pw ]pg-Iƒ°v k¿∆-\m-i-Øn¬ \n∂pw P\phcn 2011

w W kwc-£ 39


]©m-b-Øv cmPv tX™p am™p t]mIp∂ {KmaoW samgn-ap-Øp-Iƒ

]c-ºc ˛ 22

{Kma \∑-If- n-te-bv°p≈ Xncn-®p-t]m°v C∂v BtKm-fm-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Nn¥m-hn-jb - a- mWv. AXv {]IrXn-bn-tebv°pw a\p-jy-\n-te-bv°p-ap≈ bm{X IqSn-bmWv. Ime-Øns‚ {]hm-lØ - n¬ D]-t`mK XrjvWbp-tSbpw {]IrXn Nqj-WØ - n-s‚bpw hgn-bn-emWv a\p-jy≥ apt∂‰w A[n-Ihpw \S-Øn-bXv. AXv k¿∆\m-iØ - ns‚ ]Sn-hm-Xn-en¬ \sΩ FØn®p. temI-Øns‚ ]e tImWp-If- n¬ A‘-Im-cØ - n¬ sNdnb Nne Zo]-߃ t]mse, ]cn-{i-aß - ƒ XpSßn ˛ - Xncn®p hc-hn-\mbn. AXns‚ ]cn-WX - ^ - e- a- m-bn-cp∂p {KmaoW Im¿jnI hn⁄m-\Ø - ns‚ Xncn-®p-hc- hv. tIc-fØ - nepw ]e tImWp-If- n-embn AXn-\p≈ {ia-߃ \S°p-∂p≠v. AØ-cs- amcp At_m[ {]h¿Ø-\Ø - ns‚ ^e-amWv {Kmao-Whpw Im¿jn-Ih - p-amb kw⁄- Ø - n-\m-bp≈ {iaw. CsXmcp XpS°w am{X-amWv ˛ F¶nepw km¿∞-Ia- mb XpS°w. apc-fo-[-c≥ Xg-°c I-fpsS kam-lc- W

`m

j-bpsS X\na F∂Xv \mw \nc-¥cw ]d-™p-tIƒ°p∂ H∂mWv. AsX-¥mWv F∂-Xn\v H∂√ DØcw ]e-XmWv. Hcp kwkv°m-chpw Np‰p-aXn-ep-I-fm¬ kwc-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂n√. AXn- \ m¬ At\Iw Ie¿∏p- I fpw tNcp-h-Ifpw AXn¬ hcpw. F∂mepw tZiy-`m-j-bn¬ AYhm hmbvsamgnbn¬ `mj-bpsS thcn¬ \ns∂-SpØ Cu¿∏w Xßn \nev°pw. am\h `mjbpsS AXn¿Øn- ° - ∏ p- d Øv AXp Xnfßpw. Nne-t∏mƒ Fgp-Øp-sam-gnbn¬ Iecpw. HmWm-´p-Ic - b - psS AØcw Nne {]tbm-K-ß-fmWv C\n ASpØ H∂p c≠p e°-ß-fn¬. Xo¿Øpw {Kmao-W-am-Wnh. NneXv A{X \√ A¿∞-Øn-e-√msX {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂hbpw D≠v. {]mtZ-inI hyXymkw CXn-\p≠v. Hmtcm \m´p-Imcpw AØcw hm°p-Iƒ tiJ-cn®p shbv°s´. D]tbm-Kn-®n-s√-¶nepw CS-b° v nsS FSpØp t\m°mw. `mhn- b n- t e°v D]- I m- c s∏Spw. Cu®m-Sn-IpØv s\¬Ir-jn-bp≈ hoSp-If - n¬ \n∂pw s\√v hnebv°p hmßn ]pgp-ßn-IpØn Acn-bm°n hnev]\ \S-Øp∂ Hcp sXmgn¬ kwcw`w apºv {Kmam-¥-c-ßfn¬ \ne-\n-∂p-t]m-∂n-cp∂p. kv{XoIfm-bn-cp∂p {][m-\a - mbpw Cu sXmgn¬ kwcw-`Ø - n¬ G¿s∏-´n-cp-∂Xv. CXn\v "Cu®m-Sn-IpØv' F∂mWv HmWm-´p-Ic

40

{]tZ-iß - f - n¬ ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv. Ip´-\mS≥ taJ- e - b n¬ CXn\p "]pgpßn IpØv' F∂mWp ]d-™p-t]m-∂Xv. Aøw hoSn- t \mSp tN¿∂p≈ sXmSn AYhm ]pc-bn-SØ - n\v "Aøw' F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂Xv. A—≥ FhnsS t]mbn tamt\ F∂p≈ tNmZy-Øn\v A—≥ "Aø-Øp-t]mbn' F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv HmWm-´p-I-c-bnse Hcp kwkm-c-`m-jbmWv. Ct®bn \Ω-tf-°mƒ apXn¿∂ ktlm-Z-cnam-scbpw _‘p-Xz-an-s√-¶nepw s]mXp th "Ct®bn' F∂v hnfn-°pI km[m-cW-bmWv. "tN®n' F∂-Xns‚ Hcp HmWm´p-Ic `mjyw F∂p thW-sa-¶nepw ]dbmw. ""Ct®-®nsb, sIm®m-´≥ ChnSn-√ntbm''? Ct®®n Ftßm´p t]mb Xm?'' CsXmcp kwkmc coXn-bmWv. hfsc kzm`m-hn-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn®p t]mcp∂ \m´p-samgn. tNme-tØ°v D®- ` - £ - W - Ø n- \ mWv "tNmetØ°v' F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. ]d-ºn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂X - n\v "tNme-tØ°pw' Nmtbw sImSpØv \m∂qdv cq]-bpamWv Ct∏m-gsØ tPmen-°qen F∂p ]d-bm-dp-≠t√m? ]mSØpw ]d-ºnepw Irjn-∏-Wn-bn¬ G¿s∏-Sp∂ I¿j-IsØm-gn-em-fn-I-fmWv km[m-c-W-bmbn

D®- ` - £ - W - Ø n\v "tNme- t Ø°v ' F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. ""]Wn-°m-sc√mw tNme-tØ-°n\v'' Ib-dn-b-Xm-sW∂v HmWm-´p-Ic - b - n¬ k¿∆-km-[m-cW - a - mbn ]d-bm-dp≠v. N∏n´ B sIm®≥ alm N∏n-´-bmWv, AXv Ign-°m≥ sIm≈n√ N∏n-´b - mWv Cß-s\-bp≈ {]tbm-K-߃ ChnsS k¿∆-km-[m-c-W-amWv. \∂-√m-ØXv, tami-am-bXv, sIm≈-cp-Xm-ØXv Cu A¿∞-Øn-emWv "N∏n´' F∂ {]tbmKhpw. sIm™m-W≥ Hcp Ig-ºp-an-√msX _p≤n-]q¿∆w {]h¿Øn-°m-Øh - ¿°p≈ hnti-ja - mWnXv. shdpw samb-¥mWv, shdpw Ip™m-\-W-\mWv, Np°n\pw NpÆmºn\pw sIm≈- c p- X m- Ø - h - \ mWv CsXm-s°bpw "sIm™m-W≥' F∂ ]Z-{]-tbm-K-Øn\v kam-\-amb hntij- W - ß - f mWv . F∂m¬ CsXmcp Ak-`y-hm-°mbn IW-°m-°p-∂p-an√. Imcy-£-a-X-tbmsS bYm-hn[n tPmen sNøm-Ø-hsc HmWm-´p-Ic `mj-bn¬ "sIm™m-W≥' F∂p ]d-bpI km[mc-Wb - mWv. Xd-Iƒ HmWm-´p-I-c-bnse Irjn-bn-S-߃ aq∂p hn[-Øn-emWv. H∂pw c≠pw hnfbmbn s\√pw aq∂mw hnf-bmbn F≈pw P\phcn 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv Irjn- s N- ø p∂ Ccp∏q \ne- ß fpw km[m-cW ]pc-bn-S-ßfpw. Chbv°v c≠n\pw CS-bn-embn AXm-bXv ]pcbn- S - t Ø- ° mƒ Xmgv ∂ pw F∂m¬ s\¬ ]mS-ti-J-c-ß-sf-°mƒ s]m°Øn- e p- a p≈ Irjn- b nSw˛CXmWv HmWm-´p-Ic - b - nse Xd-Iƒ. s\√p ]mIn Rm‰Sn Xøm- d m- ° p- ∂ Xpw sh‰n- e s°mSn Irjn sNøp-∂Xpw I∏ \Sp∂Xpw a‰pw Xd- b n- e mWv . s\√p ]mIp∂ Xd-Isf "]m°p-Xd' F∂mWv ]d-bpI. "Xd' F∂-Xn\v as‰mcp A¿∞w IqSn-bp≠v. Abmƒ Bfp shdpw "XdbmWv' F∂p ]e-t∏mgpw ]d™p tIƒ°m-dnt√. s]cp-am-‰-Ønepw CSs]-S-enepw bmsXmcp \ne-hm-c-hp-an-√mØ-hsc Ipdn-®mWv s]mXpth "Xd' F∂p ]d-bpI. Ipcpº th≠{X aqs∏-ØmØ AXm-bXv hSn- s ®- S p- ° m≥ am{Xw Ijv S n®v Imºp≈ Icn- ° mWv (H´pw aqs∏ØmØ \mfn-tIcw) "Ipcpº' F∂v {Kmao-W-`m-j-bn¬ ]d-bpI. Iq´n-∏n-Sn-∏n°pI GjWn ]d™v ]c-kv]cw i{XpX-bp-≠m-°p-∂-Xn-\mWv Cßs\ ]dbp-∂Xv. as‰m-cmƒ ]d-™-Xmb Hcp sNdnb Imcyw s]mSn∏pw sXmßepw sh®v hep-Xm°n ASp-Ø-bm-fn-t\mSp ]d™v ]c-kv]cw hntZz-jhpw ssh chpw hf¿Øn AXn¬ B\µw Is≠Øp∂ Nne-bm-fp-Iƒ F√m kaq-lØnepw {]tZ-iß - f - nepw D≠mIpw. Cu {]h¿Øn°v \m´p-`m-j-bn¬ "Iq´n-]nSn∏n-°pI' F∂mWv ]d-bpI. sNdaw aÆn¬ A≤zm-\n®v {]tXy-In®v Irjn-∏-Wn-Iƒ sNøp-∂-Xn\v "sNd-an°pI' F∂mWv ]d-bpI. Irjn-∏-WnIƒ°mbn tPmen- ° msc \n¿Øptºmƒ C∂v I≠- Ø n¬ ]Wn°v F{X sNd-a-°m-cp-s≠-∂mWv tNmZn°pI. "]cn-{iaw' F∂ hm°v \m´p samgn- b mbn tem]n- ® - X mImw Hcp ]s£ "sNdaw'. s]mØm≥ ASp-∏n¬ shbv°m≥ 's]mØm-\n√msX' Fß- s \bm tNme- t Ø°v D≠m-°p-∂Xv? Kym pw, Kym v ASp ∏pw Gsd {]Nm-c-Øn-em-Ip-∂-Xn\v apºv ho´-Ω-am-cpsS tNmZy-am-WnXv. s]mØm≥ s]dp-°m≥ t]mbn-cn-°p-Ibm-sW∂v ]d-™m¬ sXßn≥ Nph´n¬ InS-°p∂ aSev, tIm™m´, Nq´v, ac-s°m-ºp-Iƒ, DW-ßnb Np≈n-eIƒ F∂n- h - s b√mw tiJ- c n- ° pI P\phcn 2011

KoXΩ F.Fw

AΩ-sØm-´n¬ A\m-Y-ssi-i-h-ta-s‰-Sp-°m≥ h∂q AΩ-sØm-´n-ep-Iƒ! Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿∞y-߃ hgn-bm-[m-c-am-Ip-tºmƒ Poh-\m-Ip-a-cp-a-°p-™ns\ hen-s®-dn-bt√...sIm∂o-St√...... Ipan-™p-Iq-Sp∂p [\-sa-¶nepw Ip™n-°m-ep-Iƒ kz]v\-am-Ip∂-p Icƒs\m¥p ImØn-cn-°p∂p Ip™n-°m-en-\mbn In\m-hp-Im-Wp∂p. Icƒ ]dn-bp∂ thZ-\-bm¬ I¨a-Wnsb amtdm-Sp-tN¿Øp apØw \¬Io-Sp-∂Ω I¨aWo...Ictf...i]n-°t√ \n\°v \∑-Iƒ hcs´ Cu AΩ-sØm-´n-en¬ \n∂pw \√-h-\m-Is´ \msf \o \o hf¿∂oSq \√ ssII-fn¬ Xncn™p t\m°n, t\m°n, AΩ Xocm-Zpx-J-Øm¬ ad-bp∂p. s]‰-Ω-bpsS {]m¿∞-\-t]mse s]m∂p-Ænsb kz¥-am-°m≥ t]m‰Ω(Zº-Xn-am¿)sbØn kt¥m-jm-{ip-°-fm¬ s]m∂p-Æn-X≥ AΩbv°v t\cp∂p \∑-Iƒ. \mfsØ ]uc-∑m-cn-h¿˛Ip™p-߃ \n߃°v th≠-¶n-e-hsc sImSp°q AΩ-sØm-´n-en\p hen-s®dn-b-cptX sXcphnte°h-sc. F∂mWv. ]q°-s®mf hn]-co-Xm¿∞-Øn-ep≈ Hcp \mS≥ {]tbm-K-am-WnXv. Hcp Imcy-sØ-°pdn®pw th≠{X hnh-ca - n-√m-Øh - s - c-°pdn®v s]mXp-hmbn ]d-bpI Abmƒ s°mcp "]q°-s®m-fbpw Adn-bn-s√-

∂mWv. henb hnh-chpw Adnhpw D s≠∂v ta\n \Sn®p \S-°p-∂h - s - c-°pdn®v \m´n¬ Nne-sc-¶nepw Bt£] cq]-Øn¬ tNmZn-°m-dp≠v. Abmƒs° t¥m']q°-s®mf' Adnbmw F∂v? teJ-I≥ Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw BIm-i-hm-Wn-bn¬ t{]m{Kmw FIvkn-Iyq-´o-hmWv

41


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]©m-b-Ønse sI´nS \n¿ΩmWw: s]¿an‰v sshIm-Xn-cn-°m≥ kwhn[m\w ]©m-bØp {]tZ-i-ß-fnse sI´nS \n¿ΩmW A\p-aXn kw_-‘n®v P\--߃°p-≠m-Ip∂ _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ IW-°n-se-SpØv Ime-Xm-akan√msX s]¿an‰v \¬Im≥ {Kma-]© - m-bØ - p-If - n¬ kwhn-[m\w G¿s∏-SpØm≥ \n¿t±in®v k¿°p-e¿ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®p. CX-\p-k-cn®v 300 NXp-c{i ao‰¿ hsc πn¥v Gcnb hcp∂ sI´nS-߃ kmt¶-XnI ]cn-tim[-\-bv°p-tijw s]¿an‰v \¬Im-\p≈ Npa-Xe Akn- v F≥Pn-\o-b¿°pw 301 NXp-c{i ao‰-dn¬ IqSpX¬ πn¥v Gcn-b-bp-≈-hbv°v \n¿ΩmW A\p-aXn \¬Im-\p≈ Npa-Xe {Kma-]-©m-bØv sk{I-´-dn-°p-am-Wv. ka-b-]-cn-[n-°p-≈n¬ \n¿ΩmW A\p-aXn e`n-°m-Ø-h-cpsS ]cmXn ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ {Kma-]©m-bØv {]kn-U‚ v Xeh-\mbpw sshkv {]kn-U‚ v, hnI-k\ Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿am≥, sk{I´dn AwK-ß-fmbpw ]©m-bØv F©n\o-b¿ I¨ho-\-dmbpw kanXn cq]o-I-cn-°-Ww. F√m amkhpw tNcp∂ kanXn s]¿an‰v \¬In-b-Xns‚ kpXm-cyXbpw ap≥K-W-\m-{I-ahpw icnbm-sW∂v Dd-∏m-°-W-sa∂pw k¿°p-e-dn¬ \n¿t±-in-®n-´p-≠v. (k¿°p-e¿ \º¿ 36587(1)/B¿.-F.1/09/Xkz-`-h, XobXn 23.12.2010).

anI® Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\ß-fpsS sXc-s™-Sp∏v ˛ IΩn‰n cq]o-I-cn-®p 2009˛10 h¿jsØ anI® X-t±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßsf sXcs™-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp∏v {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´dn sNb¿am\pw ]©m-bØv Ub-d-IvS¿ I¨ho-\dpw Bkq-{XW kmº-ØnI Imcy hIp∏p sk{I-´-dn, kwÿm\ Bkq-{XW t_m¿Uv saº¿ (Uosk≥{S-ssekvUv πm\nw-Kv), C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf anj≥ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿, IpSpw-_{io FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿, {Kma-hn-I-k\ IΩn-j-W¿, \K-c-Imcy Ub-dIvS¿ F∂n-h¿ AwK-ßfpambn IΩn‰n cq]o-I-cn®v DØ-c-hm-bn. (k.-D. (km-[m)-\w. 4063/10/Xkz-`-h, XobXn 31.12.2010).

A°u-≠nw-Kn\pw πm≥ tamWn-‰-dnw-Kn\pw kmwJy kpteJ tkm^v‰vshb-dp-Iƒ \n¿_-‘-am-°n kwÿm-\sØ F√m Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßfpw A°u-≠nwKv k{º-Zm-bhpw πm≥ tamWn-‰-dnwKpw C≥^¿ta-j≥ tIcf anjs‚ bYm-{Iaw kmwJy, kpteJ tkm^v‰vshb-dp-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v ]cn-]m-en-°p-∂Xv \n¿_-‘-am-°n k¿°m¿ DØ-chv ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®p. 2011 G{]n¬ 1 apX¬ U_nƒ F≥{Sn A°u-≠nwKv k{º-Zmbw ]©m-b-Øp-I-fn¬ \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xns\ XpS¿∂m-Wn-Xv. (k.-D. (Fw.-F-kv)-\w. 308/2010/Xkz-`h, XobXn 23.12.2010)

e£w-hoSv tImf-\n-Iƒ C\n-ta¬ Fw.-F≥.-`h - \ \K¿ `h-\-c-ln-X¿°v ]m¿∏nS kuI-cy-sam-cp-°pI F∂ Dt±-iy-tØmsS e£w hoSv ]≤Xn Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏m-°nb ap≥`-h\ \n¿ΩmW hIp∏v a{¥n Fw.-F≥. tKmhn-µ≥ \mb-cpsS kvac-W-bv°mbn e£w-hoSv tImf-\nIƒ°v Fw.F≥.. `h\ \K¿ F∂v \ma-I-cWw sNbvXv DØ-c-hm-bn.

\ntcm-[n® πmkn-‰n-°ns‚ D]-tbmKw XS-bm≥ \n¿t±iw Kh¨sa‚ v \ntcm-[n® πmÃn-°ns‚ D]-tbmKw Nne \K-c-k-`-I-fnepw ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnepw IqSn hcp-∂-Xmbn Kh¨sa‚ns‚ {i≤-bn¬ s]´-Xn-\m¬ CXp XS-bp-∂-Xn-\m-h-iy-amb \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°m≥ \K-c-k`m, ]©m-bØv sk{I-´-dn-am¿°v \n¿t±iw \¬In. _‘-s∏´ DtZym-K-ÿ¿ \n›nX iX-am\w IS-Iƒ Znh-khpw ]cn-tim-[n®v \S]Sn FSp-°-Ww. N´w ewLn-°p∂h¿s° Xnsc ]ng CuSm°n XpS¿®-bmbn N´w ewLn-°p-∂-h-cpsS IS-IfpsS ssek ≥kv d±m-°W - w. πmÃn-°ns‚ Aan-Xa - mb D]-tbm-Kw-aqew amen-\y-kw-kvIc - W tI{µ-ßf - psS {]h¿Ø\w- Akm-≤y-am-bn-´p-≠v. πmÃnIv Iymcn-_m-Kp-Iƒ HmS-I-fn¬ hen-s®-dn-bp-∂-Xp-aqew sh≈w sI´n-°n-S°p∂p. AXp-hgn sImXp-Ip-Iƒ s]cp-Im\pw km≤y-X-bp-≠v. P\-ß-fpsS Btcm-KysØ IqSn _m[n-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ C°mcyw \K-c-k-`-Ifpw ]©m-b-Øp-Ifpw Kpcp-X-c-ambn FSp-°-Ww. CXp-kw-_-‘n®v \K-c-k-`-Iƒ \K-c-Imcy Ubd-IvStd‰nse sl¬Øv hn`mKw tPmbn‚ v Ub-d-IvS¿°pw ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ _‘-s∏´ Pn√m ]©m-bØv U]yq´n UbdIvS¿°pw F√m amkhpw 15 \v apºv dnt∏m¿´v \¬I-W-sa∂pw \n¿t±-in®n´p≠v.

Xt±i-kz-bw-`c- W ÿm]-\ß - f- psS _P‰v ˛ \n¿t±-iß - ƒ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®p tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv \nb-ahpw tIcf ap\n-kn-∏m-en‰n \nb-ahpw A\p-im-kn-°p∂ coXn-bn¬ hm¿jnI ]≤Xn kwtbm-Pn-∏n®p sIm≠p-thWw Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃ _P‰v Xøm-dmt°-≠-sX∂v \n¿t±-in®v k¿°pe¿ ]pds∏-Sp-hn-®p. (k¿°p-e¿ \w.821/F^v.-Fw.3/2011/Xkz-`-h, XobXn 3.01.2011).

sabn‚-\≥kv •m‚v (tdmUn-X-cw) ˛ IqSp-X¬ taJ-e-bn-te°v hym]n-∏n-®p Xt±-ik - z-bw-`c - W ÿm]-\ß - ƒ°v A\p-hZ- n-°p∂ tdmUn-Xc BkvXn-If - psS A‰-Ip‰ ]Wn-Iƒ°m-bp≈ sabn‚\≥kv {Km‚ns‚ hn\n-tbmKw IqSp-X¬ taJ-e-bn-te°v hym]n-∏n®v k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hm-bn. Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]\-߃°v ssIam‰w sNbvX ÿm]-\-߃°v ^¿Wn-®¿ hmßp-I, kv°qfp-I-fnepw AwK-≥hm-Sn-I-fnepw IpSnsh≈ kuIcyw G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-I, inip-ku-lrZ tSmbve‰v \n¿Ωn-°p-I, ag-sh≈ kw`-cWn \n¿Ωn-°pI XpSßn 25 ]pXnb C\-߃°mWv DØ-chv {]Imcw XpI hn\n-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn\v A\p-hm-Z-ap-≈-Xv. (k.-D.(-Fw.-F-kv)-\w. 300/ 2010/Xkz-`-h, XobXn 10.12.2010)

42

Edited and Published by K.R. Muraleedharan IAS, Director of Panchayats, Govt. of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 033P\phcn 2011 and Printed for GLM at Akshara Offset, Thiruvananthapuram.


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

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