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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

"\Ωp-sS ]-©mbØv ip-Nn-Xz-Øn-s‚ ]m-Xbn¬ ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚ ip-NnXzw \-Ωp-sS ssI-Ifn¬"

]I¿-®-hym-[nI-sf AI-‰n \n¿-ØpI ]-cn-k-c ip-Nn-Xz {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃-°v ap≥-ssI F-Sp°pI

\-Ωp-sS e£yw am-en-\y-ap-‡ tIc-fw

]-ªn-kn-‰n hn-`mKw, ]-©mb-Øv h-Ip∏v

2

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]©mbØv cmPv

D≈S°w

\hw_¿ 2011

5

FUn-‰-dp-sS t]Pv

6

{Kmak`: ]¶m-fnØ `c-W-Øns‚ tI{µ-_n-µp tUm. Fw.sI. ap\o¿

8

{Kma-k`-Ifpw ]©m-bØpw tUm. ]n.-]n. _me≥

11

{Km-a-k`-Iƒ ]pXp-a tX-Sp-tºmƒ hn\p. F

18

\sΩ ad°p∂ \Ωƒ

tUm. hnf-°pSn cmtP-{µ≥

20

F≥. IrjvW-]n-≈-bpsS hnZym-`ymk Nn¥-Iƒ

tUm. Fgp-a-‰q¿ cmP-cm-P-h¿Ω

13

35

tIcf {Kma- ]-©m-bØv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ 12-˛mw ]©-h-’-c-]-≤Xn \b-k-ao-]-\-tc-J-bpsS {]Im-i-\w

Rm≥ I≠ U¬ln

tdmbv Nmt°m Cf-a-Æq¿

]n.-Sn. amXyp

22

hkvXp \nIpXn ]cnjvIcWw ˛ \S]-Sn-{I-a-߃ sI. {]im¥v Ipam¿

28

A[n-Im-chpw {]tbmKX{¥hpw AUz: sI. ]pjv]-cm-P≥ BNmcn

32 16

tIc-f-∏n-d-hnbpw `c-W-`m-jbpw Fw.-hn.- tXm-akv

\hw_¿ 2011

s{]mIyq¿sa‚ v am\z-¬: I¨kƒ´≥kn tkh\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ sI. hnt\mZv Ipam¿

38

tIc-f-s∏-cpa

sI.F¬. -{io-IrjvW Zmkv

40

km\Up taml\w: a{¥n-Irjn \qdp-ta\n tUm. Un ssj≥Ip-am¿

42 hm¿Ø-Iƒ hn-tij߃ 3


]©m-b-Øv cmPv {]iwk A¿ln-°p-∂p tIc-f-Ønse Ingßph¿§ hnf-I-sf-∏‰n HIvtSm-_¿ e°w ]©m-bØv cmPv amkn-I-bn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp∂ teJ-\-߃ {]iw-k A¿ln-°p∂p. tIc-fo-b¿ Hcp-Im-eØv Xß-fpsS ho´p-h-f-∏n¬ Irjn-sN-bvXn-cp∂ tN\, tNºv, Im®n¬ XpS-ßnb Ing-ßp-h¿§ hnf-Iƒ C∂v A{]-Xy£ambns°m≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. Hcp-Im-eØv ]mh-s∏´hs‚ `£-Wa - m-bn-cp∂ ac-®o\n C∂v Ãm¿ tlm´-ep-I-fn¬ ÿm\w t\Sn-bn-´p-≠v. ae-bm-fn°v CjvS-ap≈ hn`-h-ambn-´p-t]mepw ac-®o-\n-Ir-jn hym]-I-am-sW∂v ]d-bp-hm≥ Ign-bn-√. Cu Imeb-fh - n¬ Irjn°v Du∂¬ \¬In-s°m-≠p≈ teJ-\ß - ƒ Irjn-sb-∏‰nbp≈ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ ]pXp-°m-\pw, AXn-te°v Xncn-bp-hm\pw I¿j-I\v t{]m’m-l -\-am-Ip-sa∂Xn¬ kwi-b-an√. kt¥m-jvIp-am¿, hmI-Øm\w

Km‘n-kva-cW kµ¿t`m-NnXw "\h-am-\h - n-IX - b - psS i_vZw' F∂ HIvtSm-_¿ e°w ]©m-bØv cmPnse Km‘n-kvac - W kµ¿t`m-Nn-Xa - m-bn. C¥-yb - psS Bflmhv {Kma-ßf - n-em-sW∂v cmjv{S-\n¿ΩmW inev]n-Isf Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Ønb alm-flm-Km-‘n-bpsS Nn¥Iƒ C∂pw {]k-‡-am-Wv. {Kma-˛-\-Kc A¥-chpw Zcn-{Z-˛-[-\nI A¥-chpw h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ Cu Ime-L´Øn¬ {Kma-ß-fpsS hf¿®bv°pw hnI-k-\Øn\pw {]m[m-\yw \¬Ip∂ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ 12-˛mw ]©-h-’c ]≤-Xn-bn¬ CSw t\Sp-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. F¶n¬am-{Xta Km‘n-Pn-bpsS kz-]v\-`m-cXw bmYm-¿∞-y-am-Iq. tKm]-Ip-am¿, [\p-h-®-]pcw

hntI-{µo-Ir-Xm-kq-{XWw: kwÿm-\-Xe tIm¿Un-t\-j≥ IΩn‰n ]p\-kw-L-Sn-∏n®p

BkvXn cPn-ÿ Xøm-dm°n dnt∏m¿´v sNøWw

\K-c-Im-cy-˛-hy-h-kmb hIp-∏p-a{¥n A≤y-£-\mbpw ]©m-bØv˛kmaq-ly-t£-aw, {KmahnI-k-\hpw˛Bkq-{XWhpw hIp-∏p-a{- ¥n-am¿ kl A-≤y-£∑ - m-cp-ambn hntI{µoIr-Xm-kq-{XWw kwÿm\Xe tIm¿Un-t\-j≥ IΩn‰n ]p\x-kw-LSn∏n-®p. Bkq-{X-W-˛-km-º-Øn-I-Imcyw, [\Im-cyw, ]´n-I-PmXn ]´n-I-h¿§ hnI-k\w F∂o hIp∏p sk{I-´-dn-am-cpw, kwÿm\ Bkq-{XW t_m¿UwKw (hntI-{µo-Ir-Xm-kq-{X-Ww), kwÿm\ Bkq-{XW t_m¿UwKw (hn-`-hw), ]©m-b-Øv, \K-c-Im-cyw, {Kma-hn-I-k\w F∂o hIp∏p ta[m-hn-Ifpw AwK-ß-fm-Wv. Xt±i kzbw`-cW h-Ip∏v sk{I-´dn saº¿ sk{I-´-dn-bm-Wv. (G.O.(MS)

IrXy-amb hnh-c-߃ Dƒs∏-SpØn BkvXn cPn-ÿ Xøm-dm°n Hmtcm Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\hpw C≥^¿taj≥ tIcf anj\pw k¿°mcn-\pw dnt∏m¿´v sNtø-≠-XmsW∂v \n¿t±-in®v k¿°p-e¿ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®p. 2011 \hw_¿ 20\Iw IrXy-ambn BkvXn cPn-ÿ Xøm-dm°n C≥-^¿taj≥ tIcf anj\v e`y-am-°mØ Xt±-ik - z-bw-`c - W ÿm]\-ß-fpsS ^≠v XS-™p-h-bv°p-∂Xv Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ \S]Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xpw _‘-s∏´ sk{I-´dn/F©n\o-b¿ F∂n-h¿s°-Xnsc hIp-∏p-Xe \S]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn°p-∂-Xp-am-Wv. (k¿°p-e¿ \º¿ 50412/Un_n2/11/Xkz`-h, XobXn 13.10.11).

No.250/2011/LSGD dated 15.10.2011)

IpSpw-_{io Kth-WnwKv t_mUn ]p\-kw-LS- n-∏n®p ]©m-bØv kaq-ly-t£a hIp-∏p-a{¥n sNb¿am-\mbn IpSpw-_{io anj≥ Kth-WnwKv t_mUn ]p\-kw-L-Sn-∏n®p. Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW hIp∏v {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´-dn, sk{I-´-dn, [\-Im-cyw, kmaq-ly-t£-aw, ]´n-I-PmXn ]´n-Ih¿§ hnI-k-\w, BtcmKy IpSpw-_-t£-aw, s]mXp-hn-Zym`ymkw F∂o hIp-∏p-I-fpsS sk{I-´-dn-am¿, ]©m-b-Øv, \K-c-Im-cyw, {Kma-hn-I-k\w F∂o hIp∏pIfpsS A≤y£-∑m-c-S°w 27 AwK-ß-fmWv Kth-WnwKv t_mUn-bn-ep≈-Xv. IpSpw-_{io FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv UbdIvSdmWv saº¿ sk{I-´-dn. (G.O.(MS)No.274/2011/LSGD dated 3.11.2011)

sI.F¬.Pn.F-kv.Un.]n. ssI-∏p-kvX-Iw {]-Imi-\w sN-bvXp

hkvXp-\n-IpXn ]cn-jvI-c-W-Øn\v ka-b-{Iaw 2010se hm¿Up-hn-`P - \ - Ø - ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Hmtcm sI´n-S-߃°pw \º¿tπ‰v ]Xn®v hkvXp-\n-IpXn \n¿Æb- dn-t´¨ cPn-ÿ Xøm-dm°n 31.03-.2012\p ap≥]mbn hkvXp-\n-IpXn hkq-em-°p-∂X - n-\mbn am¿§-\n¿t±-iß - fpw ka-b-{I-ahpw ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn®v k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hm-bn. (k.-D. (-km-[m) \w. 2414/2011/Xkz-`h, XobXn 20.10.2011).

4

tIc-f tem-°¬ K-h¨-sa‚ v k¿-ho-kv sU-enh-dn t{]m-P-Iv-Sn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn X-øm-dm°n-b ssI-∏p-kvX-Iw ]-©mb-Øv k-maq-ly-t£-ah-Ip-∏v a{¥n tUm. Fw.sI. ap\o¿ {]-Imi-\w sN-øp∂p.

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

{Kma-k-`-Iƒ IqSp-X¬ ^e-hØ - m-IWw

]©mbØv cmPv ]©m-bØv hIp∏v {]kn-≤o-I-cWw

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\hw_¿ 2011 ]pkvXIw 51 e°w 8 hm¿jnI hcnkwJy:

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120

www.lsg.kerala.gov.in

D]tZiI kanXn sNb¿am≥

tUm. Fw.-sI. ap\o¿ ]©m-bØv hIp∏v a{¥n AwK߃

sPbnw-kv h¿-§okv, sF.F.-Fkv. {]n≥-kn∏¬ sk{I´dn, Xt±ikzbw`cWhIp∏v

UbdIvS¿ C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]ªnIv dntej≥kv hIp∏v

]n.Sn. amXyp {]kn-U‚v tIcf {Kma]©mbØv Atkmkntbj≥

Pn. cmPohv sk{I´dn, {]kv ¢∫v, Xncph\¥]pcw

Pn. lcn-Ir-jvW≥ ]ªnkn‰n Hm^ok¿, ]©m-bØv hIp∏v I¨ho-\¿

sI. B¿. apc-fo-[-c≥ sF.F.-Fkv. ]©mbØv UbdIvS¿

FUn- ‰ ¿

sI. B¿. apc-fo-[-c≥ sF.F.-Fkv.

e-mail: directorofpanchayat@gmail.com Ph: 0471-2323286

Akn v FUn- ‰ ¿

Pn. lcn-Ir-jvW≥ e-mail: pub.off@gmail.com Ph: 0471-2321280

Ih¿ Unssk≥ & te Hu´v F._n.kn. I-f¿ kn-Ãwkv teJIcpsS A`n{]mbw k¿°mcnt‚Xmbncn°Wsa∂n√. AhbpsS ]q¿Æamb DØchmZnXzw teJI¿°v am{Xambncn°pw. ]c- k - y - ß - f psS D≈- S - ° - Ø nepw ]©m- b Øv c mPn\v DØ- c - h m- Z n- X - z - a n- √ . ta¬hn- e mkw FUn-‰¿ ]©m-bØv cmPv amknI ]©m-bØv Ub-d-IvS-td-‰v, ayq-knbw ]n.-H. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 695033.

\hw_¿ 2011

ΩpsS \m´nse km[m-cW ]uc\v `c-W-Øn¬ t\cn´v ]¶m-fnØw \¬Ip∂ {]Xy-£ P - \ - m-[n-]X - y-th-Zn-If - mWv {Kma-k`- I - ƒ. "{Kma-kz-cmPv' F∂ Km‘nb≥ k¶-ev]-Øns‚ kz]v\ km£m-Xv°m-c-amWv {Kma-k-`-Iƒ. tIc-f-Øn¬ HºXmw ]≤-Xn-Im-eØv P\-]-¶m-fnØw sIm≠pw {Inbm-fl-I-amb {]h¿Ø-\ß-fmepw {i≤- ]n-Sn®p]‰nb {Kma-k-`-I-fpsS C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-sb¥v? Hcp Bfl-]-cn-tim-[-\bv°v \mw Xøm-dmtb aXn-bmIq. kzmX-{¥y-{]m-]vXn°p tijw kam-cw-`n® ]e {Kma-hn-I-k\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw Dt±-in® e£yw ssIh-cn-°m-Ø-Xns\ XpS¿∂v \S∂ ]T-\-ß-fn¬ ]©m-bØo-cmPv k{º-Zm-b-Øn-t\m-sSm∏w Bkq-{XW \n¿∆-lW {]{In-b-bn¬ P\k-aq-l-Øns‚ ]¶m-fn-Øhpw Dd-∏p-h-cp-tØ-≠-Xns‚ {]m[m-\y-sØ-°p-dn®pw Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-cp∂p. F∂m¬ A°m-eØv kwÿm-\-߃ \S-Ønb ]©mbØv \nba \n¿Ωm-W-ß-fn-sem∂pw `c-W-Øn¬ ]uc-P-\-߃°v CS-s]-Sm≥ Ign-bp∂ Nnc-]p-cm-X\ kwhn-[m-\-amb {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v CS-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. 1993¬ {]m_-ey-Øn¬ h∂ 73, 74 `c-W-L-S\m t`Z-K-Xn-I-fmWv CXn-s\mcp am‰w D≠m-°n-bXv. {XnXe ]©m-bØv kwhn-[m-\w-t]mse km¿∆-{XnI km≤yX-bp≈ G‰hpw Xmsg-X-´n-se `c-W-X-e-ambn {Kma-k-`-Iƒ \n¿∆-Nn-°-s∏´p. `c-WL - S- \m t`Z-KX - nsb XpS¿∂v \n¿Ωn® tIc-f] - © - m-bØv cmPv \nb-aØ - n¬ (1994) {Kma-k-`-bpsS LS-\bpw Npa-X-ebpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ßfpw kphy-‡ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-´p≠v. tIc-f-Øn¬ {Kma-k-`-bpsS {]mtbm-Kn-I-X-sb-°p-dn®v BZyw hfsc kwib-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ Hº-Xmw-]-≤Xn ImeØv \S-∏m-°nb P\-]-¶m-fnØ Bkq-{XWw {Kma-k-`-Isf ]e-bn-SØpw P\-Io-tbm-’-h-am°n. I£n cmjv{Sob-Øn\pw PmXn-a-X-h¿§ h¿Æ-߃°pw AXo-X-ambn P\-߃ AWn-\n-c-∂psIm≠v Bkq-{X-W-Ønepw \n¿∆-l-W-Ønepw {Inbm-fl-I-ambn CS-s]-Sm≥ {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v Ign™p. F∂m¬ Ime-{I-taW {Kma-k-`-Iƒ th≠{X ^e{]-Z-am-°m≥ Ign-™n√. IjvSn®p Izmdw XnI-bp∂ Ah-ÿ-bm-Wn∂v ]e-bnSØpw. IpSpw-_{io AwK-ßfpw ]≤Xn KpW-t`m-‡m-°-fp-amWv ]s¶-Sp-°p∂-h-cn¬ Gdnb ]¶pw. CS-Ø´v˛ta¬Ø´v hn`m-K-Øns‚ {]mXn-\n[yw \ma-am{X-am-bXv N¿®-I-fpsS kz`m-hsØ kzm[o-\n®p. {Kma-k`m {]tZ-isØ Dƒs°m-≈p∂ \nb-a-k-`mwKw, Pn√m, tªm°v ]©m-bØv AwK-߃, ssIam-dnIn-´nb ÿm]-\- ta-[mhn Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈- DtZym-Kÿ¿ {Kma-k-`-I-fn¬ ]s¶-Spt°-≠-Xp-s≠-¶nepw ^e-{]m-]vXn-bn-se-ØmØ A\p-`-h-amWv A[n-Ihpw. {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v hn]p-e-amb A[n-Im-c-ßfpw Npa-X-e-I-fp-amWv \nb-a-Øn¬ hyhÿ sNbvXn-´p-≈Xv. ]m¿iz-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-´Xpw kmaq-ly-ambn ]cn-Xy-Pn°-s∏-´-hcpw Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ P\-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm\ Bh-iy-ßfpw A`n-emj-ßfpw DZvtLm-jn-°p∂ thZn-I-fmWv {Kma-k-`-Iƒ. kmº-ØnI `c-W-hn-Ik\ {]h¿Ø-\ß - sf kw_-‘n-®p≈ F√m hnh-cß - fpw {Kma-k`- I - f - psS apºmsI hbv°p-hm≥ ]©m-bØv _m≤y-ÿ-amWv. {Kma-k-`-bmWv \nb-am-\p-kr-Xamb tkmjy¬ BUn‰v t^mdw. ]t£ C°m-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn-s®√mw km[mcW ]uc\v henb Ah-t_m-[-an√ F∂-XmWv hmkvXhw. {Kma-k`- I - f - psS {]m[m\yw P\-ßsf t_m≤y-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw A[n-Im-cØ - ns‚ {]mY-an-IXe-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ {Kma-k-`-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø\w A¿∞-h-Øm-°m\pap≈ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-®p-sIm-≠p-am-{Xta apt∂m-´p-t]m-Im≥ Ignbq. {Kmak-`-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø\w kPo-h-am-°m≥ Ine-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Cu amkw apX¬ _rl-Ømb ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°v XpS°w Ipdn-°p-I-bmWv. {Kmak-`-bmWv hntI-{µo-IrX P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ ASn-Ød. A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-cW-Øns‚ BXy-¥nI e£yw `c-W-Øn¬ ]c-am-h[n P\-ß-fpsS ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-I-sb-∂-XmWv. kq£va-Xe P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ ]co-£-W-im-ebmbn hnti-jn-°-s∏-Sp∂ tIc-f-Øn\v Zp¿∫-e-amb {Kma-k-`-Iƒ `qj-W-a√. Xt±-i` - c - W cwK-sØ-°p-dn®v {]mtZ-inI kaq-lØ - ns‚ ho£-Whpw i_vZhpw {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p∂ Poh-kp‰ thZn-I-fmbn {Kma-k-`-Isf ]cn-h¿Ø-\-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn\v \ap°v Iq´mbn bXv\n°mw.

5


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tUm. Fw.-sI. ap\o¿

]©m-bØv kmaqlyt£a hIp∏v a{¥n

P\-]-¶m-fnØw F∂Xv thm´nwKn¬ am{Xw HXp-ßp∂ Hcp {]{Inb - b - √- . `cWhpw hnI-k\]c-hp-amb Imcy-߃ P\-߃ Adnb - Ww. Ah¿°v Xocp-am-\ß - s- f-Sp-°m\pw B Xocpam-\-߃ \S-∏n-em-°m\pw ]ptcm-KXn hne-bn-cp-Øm\pw Ign-b-Ww. DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sSbpw P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-sSbpw {]h¿Ø\w \nc-¥cw \nco-£W - Ø - n\v hnt[-ba- m°n AhtcmSv tNmZy-ßf- p-∂b - n-°m\pw Ign-bW - w. Ch-sb√mw IqSn-t®-cp-tºmƒ {Kma-k`- I - f- p-sSbpw hm¿Uv k`I-fp-sSbpw {]h¿Ø\w A¿∞-hØmIpw.

6

X t±ikzbw`cW kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ tI{µ_nµphmWv {Kmak`-Iƒ. `cWLS-\-bpsS 73,74 t`Z-K-Xn-Isf-Øp-S¿∂v C¥ybv°msI amXr-Im-]-c-amb \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn®v Xt±-i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-ßsf P\m-[n-]-Xy-h¬°-cn-°p-I-bpw im-‡o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX kwÿm-\a - mWv tIcfw. P\m-[n-]Xyw, A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-cWw, hntI-{µo-Ir-Xm-kq-{XWw F∂o aq∂v LS-I-߃ kzbw-`-cW kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ BWn-°-√p-I-fmWv. Chsb _e-h-Ømbn Dd-∏n®p \n¿Øp-∂-h-bmWv {Kma-k-`-Iƒ As√-¶n¬ hm¿Uv k`-Iƒ. P\-߃°v th≠n P\-ß-fm¬Øs∂bp≈ `cWw F∂ k¶¬∏w {]mh¿Øn-I-am-°p-∂Xv {Kma-k-`-I-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. P\]-¶m-fnØw, kpXm-cy-X, Imcy-£-aX F∂nh Dd-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS am{Xta

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

A[n-Imc hntI{µo-I-c-Whpw hntI-{µo-Ir-Xm-kq-{XWhpw AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-amb A¿∞-Øn¬ {]mh¿Øn-Iam-hp-I-bp-≈q. Cu e£yw km£m-XvI-cn-°p-∂X - n-\vASnÿm\-]c - a - mbn th≠Xv {Kma-k-`-Isf i‡n-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂-Xm-Wv. P\-]-¶m-fnØw F∂Xv thm´nw-Kn¬ am{Xw HXp-ßp∂ Hcp {]{In-b-b-√. `c-Whpw hnI-k\]c-hp-amb Imcy߃ P\-߃ Adn-bWw. Ah¿°v Xocp-am-\-ß-sf-Sp°m\pw B Xocp-am-\-߃ \S-∏n-em-°m\pw ]ptcm-KXn hne-bn-cp-Øm\pw Ign-b-Ww. DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sSbpw P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-sSbpw {]h¿Ø\w \nc-¥cw \nco-£W-Øn\v hnt[-b-am°n Ah-tcmSv tNmZy-ß-fp-∂-bn°m\pw Ign-b-Ww. Ch-sb√mw IqSn-t®-cp-tºmƒ {Kmak-`-I-fp-sSbpw hm¿Uvk`-I-fp-sSbpw {]h¿Ø\w A¿∞-h-ØmIpw. P\-߃ Gsd {]Xo£ A¿∏n-°p-∂-h-bmWv C∂sØ Xt±-i-kz-bw-`cW ÿm]-\-߃. tI{µ kwÿm\ k¿°m-cp-I-fn¬ \n∂p≈ ^≠p-Iƒ, tI{µ kwÿm-\mhn-jvIrX ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \S-∏n-em-°¬, hnhn[ hIp-∏p-Ifpw Ah-bpsS DtZym-K-ÿcpw F∂n-h-sbms° Dƒs°m-≈p∂ ka{K kwhn-[m-\-am-Wv Cu ÿm]-\-߃. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ ]©m-bØv cmPv \nb-a-Ønse A[ymbw II 3F, 3_n hIp-∏p-Iƒ {]Im-c-ap≈ hn]p-e-amb A[n-Im-c-ßfpw Npa-X-e-Ifpw {Kma/hm¿Uv k`-I-fn¬ \n£n-]vX-am-Wv. ]t£ {Kma/ hm¿Uv k` AwK-ß-fmb km[m-cW P\-߃°v Ch-sb-∏‰n Ipsd-tbsd t_m[-h¬°cWw th≠n-bn-cn°p-∂p F - ∂ kXyw \ap°v AwKo-Ic - n-t°-≠X - m-bn-cn-°p∂p. Hmtcm ]uc-s‚bpw kPoh ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏m-°m≥ {]tXyI {i≤ ]Xn-tb≠ kwK-Xn-Iƒ Fs¥m-s°-sb∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°mw.  {Kma-k-`-Iƒ `c-W-L-S-\m-\p-kr-X-am-bn-´p-≈-hbpw

Ah {Kma-X-e-Øn¬ P\-ß-fpsS D∂-X-amb P\m-[n-]-Xy-{]-{In-b-bpsS thZnbpw BsW∂ Ah-t_m-[w.  {Kma-k-`-Iƒ saº¿am-cp-sStbm DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sStbm

t{]c-W-bn¬ tNtc-≠-X√ F∂pw {Kma-k-`-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-t°-≠Xv ]ucs‚ I¿Ø-hy-amsW-∂pap≈ t_m[w.

\hw_¿ 2011

 hn`-h-k-am-l-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw hn\n-tbm-K-Øn-s‚bpw

hni-Zmw-i-ßsf∏‰n-bp≈ Adn-hv.  hnI-k-\-{]-h¿Ø-\-ßfpw Ah-bpsS

hne-bn-cp-Øepw.  tkh-\-߃ Ah-Im-i-am-sW-∂p≈ Xncn-®-dnhv.  {Kma-k-`-I-fpsS A[n-Im-c-ß-sf-∏‰n hy‡-amb

[mcW.  ]{¥≠mw ]≤Xn Bkq-{XW {]{In-b-bn¬ {Kma/

hm¿Uv k`-I-fpsS ^e-{]-Zamb CS-s]-S¬.  {Kma-k` D∂X \b-cq-]o-I-cW thZnbpw hnI-k\

Imcy-Øn¬ Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p∂ tI{µhpw BsW∂ bmYm¿∞yw. apI-fn¬ kqNn-∏n® Imcy-߃ {]mh¿Øn-I-am-°m\mbn "Ine' imkv-{Xo-b-amb Hcp ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn°v cq]w \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. 2011 Unkw-_¿ apX¬ 2012 P\p-hcnhsc-bp≈ Ime-b-f-hn-em-bn-cn°pw Cu ]cn-io-e-\w. saº¿am¿°mbn 16680 {Kma-k`m hm¿Up-I-fnepw 2575 \K-c-k`m hm¿Up-I-fnepw GI-Zn\ ]cn-io-e\w D≠m-hpw. Hcp hm¿Un¬ kPo-h-ambn CS-s]-Sm≥ Ign-bp∂ 150˛200 AwK-ßsf ]cn-io-e-\-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-°pw. 38 e£w t]¿°v CØ-c-Øn¬ t_m[-h¬°-cWw \S-Øm≥ Ign-bpw. CXn-\mbn kwÿm-\-X-e-Øn¬ 10000 amÿ s{Sbn-\¿am¿, tªm°v/\Kc-`-c-W-X-eØn¬ 20000 amÿ s^kn-en-t‰-‰¿am¿, ]©m-bØv/ \K-c-`-cW Xe-Øn¬ 19,00,00 s^kn-en-t‰-‰¿am¿ F∂n-hsc "Ine' k÷-am-°p-∂p≠v. C{Xbpw _rl-Ømb Hcp ]cn-io-e\ b⁄w Hcp ]t£ C¥y-bn¬ BZy-am-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw. ]pXp-a-bm¿∂ Cu ]≤-Xn-bn-eqsS A[n-ImchntI-{µo-I-c-W-˛-hn-tI-{µoIrXm-kq-{XW {]{In-b-bn¬ {Inbm-fl-I-ambn CS-s]-Sm≥ Ign-bp-∂-h-cpsS Hcp henb \ncsb cq]-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ignbpw. `mhn hnI-k-\-˛-tk-h\ taJ-e-I-fn¬ AXv`pXw krjvSn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Cu ]≤Xn kwÿm\ k¿°m-cn-s‚bpw "Ine'bpsSbpw A`n-am-\-I-c-amb apt∂-‰-Øn¬ Hcp \mgn-I-°-√mbn `mhn-N-cn{Xw Ipdn-®nSpw F∂v F\n°v Dd-∏p-≠v.

7


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

hn

Fgp-]Ø - n-aq∂mw `c-WL - S- \m t`ZK-Xn-bpsS {][m\ khn-ti-jX - I - f- nsem-∂v {Kma-k`- b - psS cq]o-Ic- W - a- mWv. `c-WL - S- \ - b - psS 243-˛mw hIp∏v, {Kma-k`sb {Kma-Ønse apgph≥ thm´¿amcpw Dƒs°m- ≈ p∂Xpw {Kma-X-e-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn°p-∂X - p-amb k`-bmbn \n¿∆-Nn-®ncn-°p-∂p. AXmXv kwÿm\ \nba-k`- I - ƒ hyh-ÿsN-øp∂ A[n-Imc-ßfpw Npa-X-e-Ifpw {]-h¿Ø-\ßfpw {Kma-k`-Iƒ Iøm-fp-sa∂v 243(-F) hIp∏v ]d-bp-∂p. 1994se tIcf ]©m- b Øv c mPv \nb- a Øns‚ c≠mw A≤ymbw ]q¿Æambpw {Kma-k`-bpsS LS-\, A[nIm-cß - ƒ, DØ-ch - m-Zn-Xz-߃, {]h¿Ø\w F∂nh kw_-‘n-®m-Wv. {Kmaß-fn¬ {Kma-k`-Iƒ t]mse tIm¿∏-td-j\ - p-If- nepw h≥\-Kc- ß - fn-ep-sam-gnsI a‰p ap\n-kn-∏m-en-‰n-Ifn¬ apgp-h≥ thm´¿-am-c-S-ßp∂ hm¿Uv k`-Ifpw hyhÿ sNbvXn´p-≠v. \nb-a-{]-Imcw hm¿Uv k`Iƒ cq]o-Ic- n-t°-≠m- Ø \K-ck - `m ÿm]-\ß - f- nepw ]≤Xn Bkq-{XW-˛\ - n¿∆-lW - h - p-ambn _‘-s∏´v hm¿Uv k`-Iƒ tNtc-≠X - m-W.v `cW-Øn¬ P\-]¶ - m-fn-Øw, `c-WI - mcy-£a- X - , kpXm-cyX F∂nh Dd-∏ph-cp-Øp-∂X - n\pw k¿t∆m-]cn P\m[n]Xy im‡o-Ic- W - Ø - n\pw {Kma/ hm¿Uv k`-Isf i‡n-s∏-Sp-tØ≠Xv A\n-hm-cy-am-W.v

8

tI-{µo-Ir-Xm-kq-{X-W-Øn¬ {Kma-k`-Iƒ°p≈ {]k‡n Gsd-bmWv . {]Xy£ P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø ns‚ (Direct Democracy) {]Xn-cq-]a - mWv {Kmak`-Iƒ. Km‘nPn ]d-™Xv {Kma-k`bn¬ \n∂pw temIk`bnte°v F∂mWv. c≠n\pw AXn-t‚-Xmb {]k-‡nbp-≠v. F∂m¬ {Kma-k`bv°v Gsd alXzw At±lw Iev]n-®p. AXp Ne- \ m- fl - I - a m- ° p- I - b mWv ]©m- b ØvcmPn-eqsS sNtø-≠-sX∂pw At±lw I-≠p. ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v Poh≥ \¬Ip∂Xv {Kma-k`-If - m-Wv. F∂m¬ A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-c-W-Øns‚ BWn-°-√mb {Kma-k`-Iƒ C∂v Zp¿∫e-am-Wv. ipjv°a - m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ {Kma-k-`-Iƒ P\m-[n-]Xy A[n-Im-chn-tI-{µo-Ic - W - Ø - ns‚ \ne-\n-ev]ns\ Xs∂ tNmZyw sNøp-∂p. Aev]w Ncn{Xw ]pcm-X\ {Ko°v \Kc cmjv{S-ßfmb BX≥knepw kv]m¿´-bn-ep-amWv BZyw {]Xy-£- P-\m-[n-]Xyw \ne\n-∂n-cp∂Xv. P\-ß-sf√mw H‰-s°´mbn `cW˛hnI-k\ {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpsS `mK-hm-°p-If - m-bn-cp-∂X - mbn Cu \Kc cmjv{S-ß-fpsS Ncn{Xw DZv-tLmjn-°p-∂p. P\-tI-{µo-Ir-X-am-bn-cp∂p Ahn-SpsØ `c-Ww. ]¶m-fnØ hnIk\ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS XpS°w AhnsSbp≠m-bn. P\-߃°p≈ A[nImcw (Ownership) Bcpw tNmZyw sNbvXn-√. Hmtcm hnI-k\ {]h¿Ø\-ß-fnepw Ah¿ `mK-hm-°p-I-fmbn.

F∂m¬ P\-kw-Jym- h¿≤-\hv {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS Xmfw-sX-‰n-®p. Iq´-ambn Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p-∂Xv {]mtbm-Kn-I-a√m-Xm-bn. {]mXn-\n[y `c-WsØ ]Ic-ambn Ah¿ I≠p. sXc-s™-Sp-∏ph-∂p. DØ-chm-ZnXzw P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Ifn-e¿∏n-X-am-bn. P\w ]n≥h-en-™p. C¥ybnse ]pcm-tW-Xn-lm-k-ß-fn¬ ]d-™p-h∂ k`-Ifpw kan-Xn-Ifpw CØ-c-Øn¬ {]Xy£ P\m-[n-]Xy thZn-Ifm-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp I - m-eL - ´- Ø - n¬ cmPm-[n-Im-csØ AXp \nb-{¥n-®p\n¿Øn. F∂m¬ {Ia-Øn¬ AXpw A{]-Xy-£-am-bn. `c-W-L-S\m t`Z-K-Xn-°p-tijw Fgp-]Ø - n-aq∂mw `c-WL - S- \m t`ZK-Xn-bpsS {][m\ khn-ti-j-X-I-fnsem-∂v {Kma-k-`-bpsS cq]o-I-c-W-amWv. `c-W-L-S-\-bpsS 243-˛mw hIp-∏v, {Kma- k `sb {Kma- Ø nse apgp- h ≥ thm´¿amcpw Dƒs°m-≈p-∂Xpw {KmaX-eØ - n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂X - p-amb k`bmbn \n¿∆-Nn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. AXmXv kwÿm\ \nb-a-k-`-Iƒ hyh-ÿ-sNøp∂ A[n-Im-c-ßfpw Npa-X-e-Ifpw {]-h¿Ø-\-ßfpw {Kma-k`-Iƒ Iømfp-sa∂v 243(-F) hIp∏v ]d-bp-∂p. 1994se tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv \nba-Øns‚ c≠mw A≤ymbw ]q¿Æambpw {Kma-k`-bpsS LS-\, A[n-Imc-߃, DØ-ch - m-Zn-Xz-߃, {]h¿Ø\w F∂nh kw_-‘n-®m-Wv. {Kmaß-fn¬ {Kma-k`-Iƒ t]mse tIm¿∏-td-j-\pI-fnepw h≥\-Kc - ß - f - n-ep-sam-gnsI a‰p

tUm. ]n.-]n. _me≥

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv ap\n-kn-∏m-en-‰n-I-fn¬ apgp-h≥ thm´¿am-cS- ß - p∂ hm¿Uv k`-Ifpw hyhÿ sNb vXn-´p-≠v. \nb-a-{]-Imcw hm¿Uv k`-Iƒ cq]o-I-cn-t°-≠-mØ \K-ck`m ÿm]-\-ß-fnepw ]≤Xn Bkq{X-W-˛-\n¿∆-l-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v hm¿Uv k`-Iƒ tNtc-≠-Xm-Wv. `cW-Øn¬ P\-]-¶m-fn-Øw, `c-W-Im-cy£-a-X, kpXm-cyX F∂nh Dd-∏p-h-cpØp-∂X - n\pw k¿t∆m-]cn P\m-[n]Xy im‡o-I-c-W-Øn\pw {Kma/hm¿Uv k`-Isf i‡n-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xv A\nhm-cy-am-Wv. A[n-Im-c-߃ hnI-k\ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬Ip-Ibpw Ah ^e-{]-Z-ambn \S-∏m°m≥ klm- b n- ° p- I bpw sNøpI F∂-XmWv {Kma-k`-I-fpsS {][m\ Npa-X-e. am-\-Zfi-a-\p-k-cn®v ap≥KW\m{Ia-Øn¬ A¿l-cmb KpW-t`m‡m-°-fpsS enÃv A¥n-a-ambn Xømdm-°m-\p≈ A[n-Imcw Ah-bv°p-≠v. Agn-a-Xn, hymPhpw Ir{Xn-a-hp-amb CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ XpS-ßnb kmaq-lnI Xn∑-Iƒs°-Xnsc DW¿∂p {]h¿Øn°m\pw Ahbv°p Ign-bpw. acm-aØp]Wn-I-f-S-°-ap≈ hnI-k\ ]≤Xn-IfpsS hni-Z-amb FÃn-ta-‰p-Ifpw hnhc-ßfpw Bh-iy-s∏-Sm\pw tiJ-cn°m\pw ]cn-tim-[n-°m-\p-ap≈ A[nImcw {Kma-k`-If - n¬ \n£n-]vXa - m-Wv. kmaqly HmUn-‰nw-Kn-\p≈ P\-Iob thZn IqSn-bmWv {Kma-k`-Iƒ.

\hw_¿ 2011

P\m-[n-]Xy A[n-Im-chn-tI-{µo-I-c-W-Øn-s‚ ASnÿm-\in-e-bmb {Kma-k`-Iƒ C∂v Gsd Zp¿∫-e-am-Wv. ipjvI-am-bns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ {Kma/hm¿Uv k`-Iƒ P\m-[n-]Xy A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-c-W-Øns‚ \ne-\n-ev]n-s\-Øs∂ tNmZyw sNøp-∂p. Ah-Im-i-߃ {Kma- k `- I - f psS Ah- I m- i - ß ƒ Gsd-bm-Wv. {Kma-k` FSpØ Xocpam-\ß - f - psS XpS¿\-S] - Sn-bmWv AXn¬ {][m-\w. Hcp Xocp-am\w \S-∏n-em-°nbn- ´ n- s √- ¶ n¬ AXn- \ p≈ ImcWw {Kma-k`-Isf Adn-bn-°m≥ `c-Wk - anXn _m≤y-ÿ-am-Wv. _P-‰n¬ hI-bncp-Ønb XpI-Iƒ, ]≤-Xn-hn-ln-Xw, hnhn[ C\w ^≠p- I ƒ F∂nh kw_-- ‘n® hni-Zmw-i-߃ {Kma-k`bn¬ hbvt°-≠-Xm-bp-≠v. \S-∏m-°nbXpw \S-∏m-°m-\p-t±-in-°p-∂-Xp-amb ]Wn- I - f p- s Sbpw FÃn- t a- ‰ n- s ‚bpw km[-\-km-a-{Kn-I-fp-sSbpw sNe-hns‚ hni-Zmw-i-߃ {Kma-k` Adn-™n-cn°- W w. hm¿jnI IW- ° p- I - f psS FÃn-ta-‰v, `c-W-\n¿∆-lW dnt∏m¿´v, hnhn[ HmUn‰v dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ F∂nh {Kma-k-`-bn¬ hmbn®v AwKo-Imcw hmtß-≠-Xm-Wv.

C∂sØ ÿnXn `c-W˛- h - n-Ik - \ Imcy-ßf - n¬ hfsc {][m-\-s∏´ ]¶mWv {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v hln-°m-\p-≈-Xv. `c-W-L-S\ hn`mh\w sNbvX coXn-bn¬ A[n-Im-c-hntI-{µo-I-cWw i‡-ambn \S-∏m-°nb kwÿm-\-amWv \Ωp-tS-Xv. h¿≤n-®tXm-Xn¬ ^≠pw Npa-X-e-Iƒ \nd-th‰p-∂-Xn-\m-h-iy-amb ÿm]-\-߃-, DtZym-K-ÿ¿ F∂n-hbpw {]mtZ-inI k¿°m- c p- I ƒ°v \¬In- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . F∂m¬ P\m-[n-]Xy A[n-Im-c-hn-tI{µo- I - c - W - Ø n- s ‚ ASnÿm- \ - i n- e bmb {Kma-k`-Iƒ C∂v Gsd Zp¿∫e-am-Wv. ipjvI-am-bns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ {Kma/hm¿Uv k`-Iƒ P\m-[n-]Xy A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{µo-I-c-W-Øns‚ \ne\n-ev]n-s\-Øs∂ tNmZyw sNøp-∂p. ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ Fs¥ms°? ]¶m-fnØw KWy-ambn Ipd-bp-∂Xp Xs∂-bmWv G‰hpw {]-[m\ {]iv\w. F∂m¬ \√ ]¶m-fn-Ø-tØmsS \S°p∂ {Kma-k`-Iƒ A¿∞-h-Ømb thZn°p ]Icw Bƒ°q-´a - mbn amdp∂ kml-Nc - y-ßf - p-ap-≠v. KpW-t`m-‡m-°fmbn sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-Sm≥ km[yX-bp-≈-hcpw IpSpw-_{io AwK-ßfpamWv CØcw {Kma-k`-If - n¬ {][m\ ]¶m-fn-Iƒ. CS-Ø-cw, ta¬Ø´v hn`mK-߃ {Kma-k`-bn¬ \n∂pw hn´p\n¬°p-∂-Xmbn ImWmw. aXn-bmb aps∂m-cp-°tam AP-≠tbm C√msX {Kma- k `- I ƒ tNcp- t ºmƒ NSßv

9


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

{]kw-K-ßfpw D]-cn-π-h-amb A`n-{]mb-{]-I-S-\-ßfpw sIm≠v Ah Npcpßn-t∏m-Ip-∂p. ^e-Øn¬, kwL-Sn-∏nt°-≠-h¿°pw ]s¶-Sp-t°-≠-h-¿°pw Hcp-t]mse hnizmkw \jvS-s∏-´n-cn°p∂ Ahÿ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. Fßs\ i‡n-s∏-SpØmw {Kma-k`-Iƒ°v \jvS-s∏´ hnizmkyX t\Sn-s°m-Sp-°-W-sa-¶n¬ P\{]-Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw DtZym-Kÿ - cpw Bflm¿-∞a - mbn {]h¿Øn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. P\-]-¶m-fn-Øhpw kpXm-cy-Xbpw Dd∏p-hc - p-Øn-s°m-≠p≈ {]h¿Ø-\c - oXn Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n-°p-Ib - mWv {][m-\w. Bhiy-amb aps∂m-cp-°-tØmsS am{Xta {Km-ak - ` tNcm≥ ]mSp-≈p. {Kma-k`m XobXn ap≥Iq´n Xøm-dm°n t\csØ Xs∂ hnX-cWw sNøp-Ibpw thWw. kwLm-SI kanXn cq]o-I-cn®v hoSpho-Sm-¥-c-ap-ff Iymº-bn≥ {][m-\-amWv. {]kn-U‚ v, sk{I-´-dn, a‰v DtZymK-ÿ-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ, ssIam-dn-°n-´nb ÿm]-\-ß-fnse DtZym-K-ÿ¿ XpSßn-b-h¿ \n¿_-‘-ambpw {Kma-k`bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øn-cn-°-Ww. Hcp ]©mb-Øn¬ Hcp Znhkw Hcp {Kma-k` F∂ coXn kzoI-cn-°-Ww. {Kma-k`m an\n´vkv FgpXn Xøm-dm°n Bh-iys∏-Sp∂ GsXm-cmƒ°pw \¬Im≥ A[n-Ir-X¿ _m≤y-ÿc - m-Wv. P\-߃°v {Kma-k`- b - n-ep≈ hnizmkw hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-Ib - mWv BZyw th≠-Xv. {]Xy-£-t\´w e`n-°p∂ hy‡n-KX KpW-t`m-‡m-°-f-√m-Ø-h¿°pw AhcpsS ]¶v F¥m-sW∂v {Kma-k`-bneqsS t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-Øm¬ am{Xta ]uc-k-aq-l-Øns‚ ]cn-t—Zw F∂ \ne-bn¬ {Kma-k`-Iƒ amdp-Ibp-≈p. AXn-\p≈ {Inbm-fl-I-amb {iaw Hmtcm {]mtZ-inI `c-W-ÿm-]\-Øn-s‚bpw `mK-Øp-\n-∂p-≠m-IW - w. hnhn[ kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ an° hSs° C¥y≥ kwÿm-\ß-fnepw {Kma-k`-If - mWv ]©m-bØ - pI-fmbn ]cn-W-an-®-Xv. BZyw {Kma-k`Ifp≠mbn. ]n∂oSv sXc-s™-Sp-°-

10

a[y-{]-tZ-inse {Kma-k-`bv-°p≈ {]tXyI A[n-Imcw P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nIsf Xncn-®p-hn-fn-°p-∂-Xn¬ FØn\n¬°p-∂p. Hcp hm¿Unse aq∂n-sem-∂p-t]¿ tcJm-aqew Bh-iy-s∏Sp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ {Kmak` hnfn-®p-tN¿-°-Ww. ]s¶-Sp-Øh-cn¬ `qcn-]£w FXn¿Øv thm´p sNøp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ saº¿°v ÿm\w \jvS-s∏-Spw. sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´v c≠c h¿j-߃°p-ti-jta Cu A[n-Imcw {]mtbm-Kn-I-am-°m≥ ]mSp≈q F∂mWv \nb-aw. s∏´ A©p-t]-cpsS `c-Wk - a- nXn ]©mb-Øp-Ifmbn ]cn-W-an-®p. ChnsSsb√mw ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v ]Icw sh-bv-°p-∂hcm-Wv {Kmak`. ]©mbØv A≤y-£s\ {Kma-k`m A≤y£≥ F∂pw hnfn-°m-dp-≠v. aWn-∏q¿ XpS-ßnb kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ ]©m-btØm-^o-kns\ {Kma-k`m Hm^okv F∂pw hnfn-°p-∂p. h\nXm {Kma-k-`-Iƒ lnam-N¬{]-tZiv AS-°-ap≈ hS°p-˛-]-Sn-™m-d≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ ]©mb-Ønse F√m thm´¿amcpw AS-ßp∂ H‰ {Kma-k`-bmWv Hcp ]©m-b-Øn\p-≈-Xv. AXv Hmtcm h¿jhpw \n›n-bn® Znhkw tNcp-∂p. tZiob {]m[m\y Znh- k - ß - f m- b ncn°pw Ah. BKÃv 15, HIvtSm-_¿ 2, P\p-hcn 26, s^{_p-hcn 19 F∂nß-s\-bmWv B Zn\-߃. alm-cm-jv{S- b n¬ P\p- h - c n, am¿®v , G{]n¬, Unkw-_¿ F∂o Znh-kß - f - nse BZy Rmb-dmgvN {Kma-k`-Iƒ°mbn am‰nsh-®n-´p-≠.v Chn-sS-bp≈ as‰mcp {]tXyIX h\n-XI - ƒ°m-bp≈ {]tXyI {Kma-

k`-If - m-Wv. AØcw h\nXm {Kma-k`Iƒ \nb-am-\p-kr-X-am-bp≈ {Kma-k`-Iƒ°v Xte∂v tNcp-∂p. P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Isf Xncn-®phn-fn-°m-\p≈ A[n-Imcw a[y-{]-tZ-inse {Kma-k-`bv-°p≈ {]tXyI A[n-Imcw P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nIsf Xncn-®p-hn-fn-°p-∂-Xn¬ FØn\n¬°p-∂p. Hcp hm¿Unse aq∂nsem-∂p-t]¿ tcJm-aqew Bh-iy-s∏SpI-bm-sW-¶n¬ {Kma-k` hnfn-®p-tN¿°-Ww. ]s¶-Sp-Ø-h-cn¬ `qcn-]£w FXn¿Øv thm´p sNøp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ saº¿°v ÿm\w \jvS-s∏-Spw. sXcs™-Sp-°-s∏´v c≠c h¿j-߃°pti-jta Cu A[n-Imcw {]mtbm-KnI-am-°m≥ ]mSp≈q F∂mWv \nb-aw. k¿]-©n-\-mWv {Kma-k` hnfn-®p-tN¿°p-∂Xn\p≈ A[n-Im-cw. k`-bn¬ aq∂n-sem∂v kv{Xo]-¶mfnØw \n¿_‘-am-Wv. KpW-t`m-‡m-°sf Is≠Øepw {]-hr-Øn-I-fpsS ap≥K-W\ \n›-bn-°epw {Kma-k`-I-fpsS A[nIm-c-]-cn-[n-bn¬s∏-Sp-∂p. Pn√m ]©m-b-Øn\pw {Kma-k` ]›n-a-_w-Km-fn¬ Pn√m ]cn-jØns‚ \nb-am-\p-krX {Kma-k`-bmWv Pn√m k≥kZv. F√m {Kma/tªm°v ]©m-bØv A≤y-£-∑mcpw tªm°v Xe- Ø nse D]m- ≤ y- £ \pw Ãm≥UnwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿am-∑mcpw Pn√m ]cn-jØv AwK-ßfpw tN¿∂-XmWv Cu k`. k`m-[n-]X - n-bpsS (Pn√m ]cnjØv {]kn-U‚ v) A≤y-£-X-bn¬ Hmtcm Bdv amk- Ø nepw tbmKw tNcp-∂p. Pn√m ]cn-jØv \S-∏m-°p∂ hnhn[ t{]mP-IvSp-I-fpsS Bkq-{XWw, \n¿∆-l-Ww, _P‰v hni-Zmw-i߃ XpS-ßnb Imcy-߃ hm¿jnI tbmK-Ønepw A¿≤-hm¿jnI tbmKØnepw Cu k` N¿® sNøp-∂p. Pn√m k≥k-Zns‚ Xocp-am-\-߃°pw \n¿t±-i-߃°pw A¿l-amb ]cn-KW\ Pn√m ]cn-jØv \¬tI-≠-Xmbn-´p-≠v. teJ-I≥ Ine Ub-d-IvSdmWv.

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

] {¥≠mw ]≤- X n- b n- t e°v Imse-Sp-Øp-shbv°p∂ L´-Øn¬ ]≤- X n- b m- h n- j v ° - c - W - Ø n- s ‚bpw Bkq-{X-WØ - n-s‚bpw Xnc-°n´ \mfpI-fn-eq-sS-bmWv cmjv{Sw IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂Xv. C¥y Pohn-°p-∂Xv {Kma-ß-fnem-sW∂v ]d™ alm-flm-Km-‘nbpsS Bi-b-߃°v {]m[m-\y-ta-dn-hcp∂ C°m- e Øv {Kma- k - ` - I ƒ°v Gsd Imcy-߃ sNøm-\p-≠v. P\m[n-]-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw `cW hyh-ÿ-bpsSbpw ASn-ÿm-\a - mb {Kma-k` i‡am-Ip-∂-Xn-eq-sStb A[n-Imcw ]q¿Æamb A¿∞-Øn¬ P\-ß-fn-se-Øp-Ibp-≈q. F∂m¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp am‰ap-≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ Du¿÷-kz-ehpw i‡hpw P\-]-¶m-fn-Ø-hp-ap≈ Xt±i- kzbw`c-Wÿ - m-]\ - ß - ƒ AXy-¥mt]-£n-X-amWv. AØ-cØ - n-semcp Nn¥-bp-ambmWv 1989 sabv 15\v ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v kzbw-`cW ]Zhn \evIp∂ 64˛mw `c-WL-S\ - m t- `-ZK - Xn Ah-Xc - n-∏n-®p-sIm≠v {][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ cmPo-hvKm‘n ]d-™-Xv, ""C¥y-bnse P\-߃°v P\m-[n-]Xyhpw ]c-am-[n-Im-chpw Dd∏n-°mw. A[n-Im-c-Ønse CS-\n-e-°mcpsS Imew Ah-km-\n-®p. AXn-\p-th≠n A[n-Imcw P\-ß-fn-te°v ssIamdmw.'' Ime-Øns‚ k©mcw IqSpX¬ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-ßfpw Bi-b-ßfpw \ap°v \¬In. A[n-Im-c-tI-{µ-ßfn¬ \n∂v AIse \n¬°p∂ {KmaoW-ta-J-e-bn-te-X-S-°-ap≈ P\-ßsf H∂n-®p-\n¿ØpIbpw hnI-k\ hgn-Ifn¬ AWn-\n-c-Øm\pw km[n-t°-≠Xp-≠v. CXv ^e-{]-Z-am-I-W-sa-¶n¬ kq£va - X - e - Ø - n-ep≈ P\m-[n-]Xyw \S∏n-em-hW - w. Km‘n-Pn-bpsS kz]v\a - mb {Kma-kz-cmPv AØ-cs - amcp \o°-Øn\v G‰hpw ^e-{]-Z-amb hgn-bm-Wv. \hw_¿ 2011

hn\p. F

amdn-h-cp∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ IqSpX¬ DØ-ch - m-Zn-Øa- mWv {Kma-k`- Iƒ°p-≈-Xv. ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-amb sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒs°m∏w amc-I-amb tcmK-ß-fpsS IS-∂phchp-ap-≠v. CXn-s\ Ipdn-s®√mw P\-ß-fn¬ th≠{X Ah-t_m-[a- n-√. ]e tcmK߃°pw Imc-Wam-Ip-∂Xv ipNn-XzØnse {]iv\ß-fm-W.v AØ-cØ - nep≈ taJ-eI - f- n¬ t_m[-h¬°-cW-Øn\v km[n-°pw. Xmsg X´nep≈ A[n-Im-c-ÿm]\w thZ-Im-e-ß-fn¬ km¿∆-{Xn-I-ambn-cp-∂p-sh∂v {KŸ-߃ kqNn-∏n-°p∂p. kzbw`c-Wm-h-Im-i-ap≈ dn∏-ªn°p-Iƒ°p-th≠n temI-Øns‚ hnhn[-`m-Kß - f - n¬ c‡-sNm-cn-®ne-S° - a - p≈

ka- c - c o- X n- I ƒ \S- Ø n- b Xv Ncn- { XØn¬ Fgp-Xn-sh-®n-´p-≠v. P\-]-Yßfpw ]uc-k-`-Ifpw kaql ]©mb-Øp-Ifpw ]c-º-cm-K-X-amtbm sXcs™-Sp∏neq-sStbm ]e-bn-SØ - p-ap-≠mbn. AØcw k`- I - f n¬ `qcn- ] £ Xocp-am-\-sa∂ ImgvN-∏m-SmWv D≠mbn-cp-∂X - v. Nne-bn-Sß - f - n¬ AXv GIm[n-]-Xy-Øn-te°pw A`n-{]mb kzmX{¥y-an-√m-bvab - n-te°pw amdn-bn-´p-ap-≠v. {_n´ojp`c-WI - m-eØv CØ-cØ - nep≈ {ia-ßsf `c-W-IqSw Xs∂ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-®p. F∂m¬ {_n´o-jpcm-⁄n°p Iogn-te°v `c-W-kw-hn[m\w amdn-b-tXmsS, `cW hyh-ÿbn¬ Gsd ]c-kv]c - m-{in-XX - z-tØm-sSbp≈ Bi-b-KXn cq]-s∏-´p. 1882 se dn∏¨ {]tabw ]c-ma¿i-a¿ln-°p-∂p. Xt±i ÿm]-\-߃°v kzbw`c-Wmh-Imiw \¬Ip-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p CXv. ]t£, AXns\ ]q¿W-ambn C¥y°v AwKo-I-cn-°m\mhp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Xt±i-ÿm-]\ - ß - ƒ°v Imcy-£a - X - t- bmsS {]h- ¿ Øn- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ `uXnI kml-Ncyw A\p-h-Zn®ncp∂n-√. am{Xa-√, `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ `mK-Øp-\n∂pw klm-b-Øn\p ]Icw kmº-Øn-I-taJ-e-I-fn-e-S°w Ah-K-W-\bpw ]oU\-hp-amWv e`n-®-Xv. {Kma-kz-cmPv Cu ]›m-Øe - Ø - n-emWv Km‘nPn {Kma-kz-cmPv F∂ Bibw apt∂m´v shbv°p-∂-Xv. P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ BWn-°√ - mbn Km‘nPn I≠Xv {Kmaß-sf-bm-Wv. Hcp {Kma-Ønse P\߃°v ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-ß-tfmSpIqSn Pohn-°m-\m-h-iy-ambsX√mw B {Kma-Øn¬ Xs∂ D≠m-°p-Ibpw Aßs\ kzbw ]cym-]vXa - mbn amdnb {KmaoW dn∏-ªn°pI-sf-bmWv Km‘nPn

11


]©m-b-Øv cmPv kz]v\w I≠-Xv. Aßs\ hcp-tºmƒ kmaq- l n- I hpw kmwkv ° m- c n- I hpw kmº-Øn-Ihpamb taJ-e-I-fn¬ P\߃°v IqSp-X¬ kzmX{¥yhpw A¿l-Xbpw ssIh-cp-∂p. kzmX-{¥ym-\-¥cw ]T-\-߃ \SØn-b-t∏mƒ ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]cm-P-bØn\v {][m\ Imc-Wß - f - n-sem∂v P\]n-¥p-W-bn-√m-Ø-Xm-sW∂v Is≠Øn. 1978˛¬ AtimIv taØ kanXn CXns\ Ipdn®v ]Tn-®p. Bkq-{X-WØns‚bpw hn`- h - k - a m- l - c - W - Ø ns‚bpw hnX-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw GtIm-]\-Øn-s‚bpw ASn-ÿm\w Pn√m-X-eØn-em-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂v kanXn Nq≠n°m´n. 1985˛¬ Pn.-]n.sI dmhp kanXn {Kma-X-e-Øn-ep≈ ÿm]-\-߃°v IqSp-X¬ A[n-Imcw Bh-iy-am-sW∂v hmZn-®p. CXn-\nsS ]©m-bØv cmPv ÿm]-\-ßsf kw_-‘n-®p≈ Bib-cq-]o-I-c-W-Øn\pw {]N-c-W-Øn\pw {iaw \S-∂p. k¿°m-cnb IΩo-j≥ CXn\v FXn- c m- b n- c p- ∂ p. F∂m¬ cmPohv Km‘n [oc-X-tbmsS 1989¬ 64˛mw `c-W-L-S\m t`Z-KXn _n¬ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-®p. CXv cmPy-k`- b - n¬ ]cmP-bs - ∏-´p- 1993¬ 73˛mw `c-WL - S- \ t`ZKXnbneqsS ]©m-bØv cmPv kwhn[m\w \S-∏n-em°-s∏-´p. C¥y-bn¬ ]©m-bØv cmPv hy‡amb Hcp hnπ-h-am-bn-cp-∂p. kmaqly˛cm-jv{Sob {]Xn-tcm-[-߃ am{X-am-bncp-∂n√ IS-º-Iƒ. P\-ß-fn¬ Xs∂ D—-\o-NX - z-ßfpw P∑n-Øh - y-hÿ bpw PmXo-b-Xbpw \nc-£c-Xbpw Ak-aXz-hp-sa√mw {]Xn-_-‘-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. kwÿm-\-ß-fnse `c-W-{]-Xn-]-£]m¿´n-Iƒ°pt]mepw {Kma-߃°v IqSp-X¬ A[n-Imcw \¬Ip-∂-Xns\ AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-™n-√m-sb∂XmWv hmkvXhw. F∂m¬ tI{µ-Kh¨sa‚pw sXc-s™-Sp-∏p- I-Ωo-j\ - pI-fpw IrXy-ambn CS-s]-Sp-Ibpw P\m[n-]X - y-Øn\v ]pXnb Zni \¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. Hmtcm A©p-h¿j-Ønepw Xt±-ik - z-bw-`c - Wÿm]\-ßfn-te°v sXc-s™-Sp∏p \S-Øm\pw AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ `cWkan-XnIƒ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw I-gn-™p. \nc-h[n P\-ßsf {]tXy-In®pw kv{XoIsf ap≥\n-cb - n-te°v sIm≠p-hc - m≥ km[n®p. A[n- I m- c - t {i- W n- b n¬ kv { XoIƒ°v IS- ∂ p- h - c m≥ km[n- ® p. ]´nIPmXn ]´n- I - h ¿§ hn`m- K ߃°pw {]mtZ-inI `c-W-hy-h-ÿbn¬ Imcy-amb {]mXn-\n-[yw e`n-®p. ]©m-b-Øo-cm-Pn-\p-th≠n bp. ]n. F {]tXyI a{¥m-ebw cq]o-I-cn-®Xpw Gsd {]h¿Ø\£aXbp≠m-°p-∂p≠v. F¶nepw {Kma-`-cW hyhÿ

12

]q¿Æamb A¿∞-Øn¬ hnP-bn-®n´pt≠m? km≤y-X-Iƒ ]©m-bØ - o-cmPv kwhn-[m-\Ø - n¬ G‰hpw ASn-ÿm-\a - mbn \n¬°p-∂Xv {Kma-k-`-I-fm-Wv. s]mXpth Hcp hm¿Un-s\-bmWv {Kma-k-`-bmbn ]cn-K-Wn°p-∂Xv. AXm-bXv {Kma-k-`-Iƒ {]mtZ-inI Iym_n-\-‰pIfm-Wv. hnhn[ taJe-Ifnse {]iv\-ßfpw ]cn-lm-c-ßfpw Is≠-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw AXn-\p-≠v. IpSn-sh≈w, tdmUv, s]m-Xp-Sm∏v, Pe-tk-N\w, Irjn, ]m¿∏nSw, hnZym-`ym-kw, BtcmKyw XpSßnb GXp {]iv\hpw {Kma-k-`-bn¬ N¿® sNømw. P\-Iob ]¶m-fn-Ø-tØm-sS-bp≈ IqSp-X¬ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ {Kma-X-e-Øn¬ Gs‰-SpØv \S-Øp-hm≥ km[n-°pw. tZiob sXmgn-ep-d∏v ]≤Xn t]mep≈hbn-eqsS {KmaoW Pohn-X-\n-ehmcw sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ km[n-®-Xns\m∏w D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ a\pjym- [ zm\sØ IqSp- X ¬ hnI- k \ kwcw-`-ß-fn-te°v sIm≠p-sN√m≥ km[n-°-Ww. AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ \o°ßƒ°v ]≤-Xnbmkq{XWØneqsS anI-hp-≠m-°m≥ km[n-°pw. kaq-lØnse F√m hn`m-K-ß-sfbpw CØc-Øn-ep≈ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ Dƒs∏Sp-Øm≥ km[n-°-Ww. amdn-h-cp∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ IqSpX¬ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-amWv {Kma-k-`Iƒ°p-≈X - .v ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-Ia - mb sh√phn-fn-Iƒs°m∏w amc-I-amb tcmK-ßfpsS IS-∂phchp-ap-≠v. CXn-s\ Ipdns®√mw P\-ß-fn¬ th≠{X Aht_m-[-an-√. ]e tcmK-߃°pw ImcWam-Ip-∂Xv ipNn-Xz-Ønse {]iv\ßfm-Wv. AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ taJ-e-I-fn¬ t_m[-h¬°-c-W-Øn\v km[n-°pw. \nc-£c - X hensbmcp kmaq-lnI hn]Øm-Wv. F√m-h-scbpw km£-c-cm°m\pw {ItaW {]mY-an-Ihpw Db¿∂ Xe-Øn-ep≈ hnZym`ym-khpw \¬Ip∂-Xn¬ t\Xr-Xz-]-c-amb ]¶p-h-ln°m≥ {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v km[n-°pw. CtXm-sSm∏w kv°qfp-I-fnse sImgn™pt]m°v C√m-Xm-°m-\p≈ {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw \S-Ø-Ww. Ip‰-Ir-Xyßfpw a‰pw Gdn-h-cp∂ Ime-am-Wn-Xv. kmwkv°m-cnI aqey-NypXnbpw kº-Øn-t\m-Sp≈ Acp-XmØ B¿Øn-bp-amWv CXn--te°v \bn-°p-∂Xv. \ΩpsS Ncn-{XsØ I≠-dn-bp-∂Xn-epsS kmwkv°m-cn-I-amb D∂Xn t\Sm≥ km[n- ° pw. \m´- d n- h p- I ƒ, BNm-c-߃, sFXn-ly-߃ XpSßn Ncn-{X-Øn-s\m∏w \S∂ kml-N-cy-

ßsf tcJ-s∏-SpØn kq£n-°p-∂-XneqsS hcpw-X-e-apd \ΩpsS ]mc-º-cyØn¬ A`n-am\w Is≠-Øpw. CØ-cØn-ep≈ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ {Kma-]© - mbØpIƒ°v \S-Ømw. CXn\v klmbn-°m≥ {Kma-k-`-Ifpw Xøm-dm-I-Ww. sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ ]©m-bØ - n-cmPv kwhn-[m\w Imcy£-aam-°-W-sa-¶n¬ AXns‚ kwL-S\m kwhn-[m\w DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-ap-≈Xm-bn-cn-°-Ww. kzbw-`-cW kwhn-[m\-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ apI-fn¬ \n∂p≈ henb \nb-{¥-W-߃ Bh-iy-an-s√¶nepw Nne taJ-e-I-fn¬ cmjv{So-bI-£n-Ifpw {Kq∏p-Ifpw {]tXyI kanXn-I-fmbn \n∂p-sIm≠v Xocp-am\w ssIs°m-≈p-∂p. CØcw \o°-߃ {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v DNn-X-a-√. IqSp-X¬ N¿®-Iƒ F∂-Xn-eqsS am{Xta anI® Xocp-am\w ssIs°m-≈m≥ km[n-°pI-bp-≈q. `c-Wk - w-hn-[m-\Ø - nse kq£vaX - bn-√mbva {Kma-k-`-I-sfbpw _m[n--°p∂p-≠v. hnI-k\ Imcy-߃°mbn {]tXyI kan-Xn-Ifpw AXns‚ \SØn∏pw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂-Xn\v XpS¿®bmb {]h¿Ø-\-coXn Bh-iy-am-Wv. F∂m¬ XpS¿® \jvSs∏-´p-s°m-≠ncn-°p-∂p-sh∂ hna¿i\w ]e taJeI-fn¬ \n∂pw Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂p. ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \n¿h-l-W-Øn-s‚{]mtbm-KnI {]iv\-ßsf A°m-Z-anIv Xe-Øn¬ ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ km[n-°Ww. ]e-t∏mgpw ]≤Xn Bkq-{XWw sNøp-tºmƒ hn`-h-k-am-l-c-WsØ°p- d n®v ]q¿Æ- a mb A¿∞- Ø n¬ Nn¥n-°msX t]mIp-∂p. Bkq-{X-Wa- S - ° - a p≈ Imcy- ß - f n¬ ]©m- b ØpIƒ IqSp-X¬ Kuc-h-ambn CS-s]S-Ww. Aßs\ hcp-tºmƒ {Kma-k-`Iƒ°v IqSp- X ¬ {]m[m- \ y- t adpw. ]©m-bØ - ns\ hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂X - S- ° - ap≈ coXn Ah-ew-_n-°p-I-bm-sW¶n¬ henb am‰-߃ km[y-am-Ipw. {Kma-k-`-I-sf-°p-dn®v `c-W-k-an-XnIƒ°p am{X-a√ - , P\-߃°pw hnZ-K≤ v ]cn-io-e\w \¬Im≥ km[n-°-Ww. Im¿jn-Ic - wKw XI¿∂p-s°m-≠n-cn°p∂ L´-Øn¬ AXns\ ]pjvSn-s∏Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ \o°-ap-≠m-I-Ww. Irjn-bpsS hnI-k-\-Øn-\mbn _‘s∏´ taJ-e-Ifn¬ kuI-cy-ap-≠ m°m≥ {Kma-k`- I - ƒ {i≤n-°W - w. klI-c-Wm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ Irjn-co-XnIƒ ]co-£n-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. F√mh¿°pw ASn-ÿm-\] - c - a - mb Pohn-Xk - uI-cy-߃ e`n-°p-∂p-s≠∂v Dd-∏p-h-cpØp-hm≥ {Kma-k-`-Iƒ°v km[n-°Ww. \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tIcf {Kma- ]-©m-bØv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ kwÿm\ kvs]j-y¬ P\-d¬ t_mUnbpw 12-˛mw ]©-h’ - c - ] - ≤ - Xn \b-ka- o-]\ - t- c-Jb - psS {]Im-i\ - hpw ]n.-Sn. amXyp

tI

cf {Kma-]-©m-bØv Atkmkn-tb-js‚ kwÿm\ kvs]j-y¬ P\-d¬ t_mUnbpw 12-˛mw ]©-h-’c-]≤ - Xn \b-ka - o-]\ - t- c-Jb - psS {]Imi-\hpw HtŒm-_¿ 14\v Xncp-h-\-¥]pcw Al-ΩZv Ipcn-°ƒ ]©m-b-Øp`h-\n¬ \S-∂p. A[n-ImchntI-{µo-Ic - W˛hntI-{µoIr-Xm-kq-{X-W-cw-KØv hnπ-h-I-c-amb am‰-ap-≠m-°m≥ DX-Ip-∂-X-c-Øn¬ Xt±- i - k - z - b w- ` - c - W - ÿ m- ] - \ - ß sf aq∂mw-Xe - Ø - n-ep≈ k¿°m-cp-If - m-bn°≠v \ne-hnse \nb-a-Ønepw DØc-hp-I-fn-epw t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ hcp-Øm\pw temI- c m- P - y - ß ƒ°p- X s∂ amXr- I bmb tIc-f-Øns‚ A[n-Im-c-hn-tI{µo-I-cW-{]-ÿm-\-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ Icp-Øp-]-I-cm\pw th≠ {ia-߃°v t\Xr-X-z-]-c-amb ]¶mWv Atkm-kntb-j≥ hln-°p-∂-Xv. 12-˛mw ]≤-Xn\hw_¿ 2011

bn¬ ka-kvX-ta-J-e-I-fp-sSbpw hnIk\w km≤-y-am-°m-\mbn th≠ Hcp kao-]\w ap∂n¬ I≠mWv \b-k-ao]\ tcJ Xøm-dm-°nb-Xv. tI{µ-˛-kwÿm-\k - ¿°m-cp-Iƒ 12-˛mw ]≤Xn \bk-ao-]\ Ic-Sp-\n¿t±-i-߃ ]pd-s∏Sp-hn-®-Xn¬ Hcp]t£ A`n-am-\-I-cambn Atkm-kn-tb-j\v Ah-Im-i-s∏Sm-hp∂ Imcyw a‰v GXp Kth-j-W-˛]-T-\-˛-]-cn-io-e-\-ÿm-]-\-ßfpw Xt±i`- c - W - Ø ns‚ XXv ] - c - I - £ n- I fpw {]Xn-Ic - n-°p-∂X - n-\p-ap≥]v, hfsc hniZhpw hym-]-I-hp-amb N¿®-Iƒ°p hnt[- b - a m- ° n- kao- ] - \ - t cJ Xømdm°n k¿-°m-cn\v HutZ-ym-Kn-I-ambn ka¿∏n-°m≥ Ign-™psh∂XmWv. tcJbv ° v A¿l- a mb {]m[m- \ yw k¿°m¿ \ev - I p- s a∂ apJ- y - a {¥n AS°ap≈ a{¥n-am-cpsS Dd∏v henb AwKo-Im-c-ambn ImWp-∂p.

kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v ]n.-Sn. amXyp A≤y-£X h-ln® NSßn¬ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v AU-z. ]¥fw sI. {]Xm]≥ kzm-KXw Biw-kn-®p-. 12-˛mw ]©-h-’-c-]-≤Xn hntI-{µoIrX hnI-k-\m-kq-{XWw \b-k-ao-]\-tc-J-bpsS {]Im-i-\-I¿Ωw \n¿hln-®Xv apJ-y-a{¥n DΩ≥Nm≠nbmWv. C-¥y-sbbpw, tI-cf-sØbpw kw_-‘n-®v G-‰-hpw {]-[m-\-s∏-´ ]-≤-Xnbm-Wv ]-{¥≠mw ]-≤Xnsb∂v apJya{¥n A`n-{]m-b-s∏´p. tem-I-Øn-se X-s∂ H-∂ma-sØ km-º-Øn-I i-‡nbm-bn h-f-cm-\p-≈ \-Ωp-sS cm-Py-Øns‚ hy-‡am-b \-b-k-ao-]\-ß-tfm-Sp Iq-Sn-b ]-≤-Xn-bmWnXv. tI-c-f-sØ kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw \-Ωp-sS km-ºØn-I h-f¿-® c-≠° - Ø - n¬ F-Øp-hm≥ hf-sc Zr-V-\n-›-b-tØm-sS {]-h¿-Ønt°-≠ H-c-h-kcw. B e-£yw t\-Sp-

13


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

tIcf {Kma ]©m-bØv Atkm- k n- t b- j ≥ Xøm- d m- ° nb ""12-˛mw ]©-h-’-c-]-≤Xn hntI-{µo-IrX hnI-k-\m-kq-{XWw \b-k-ao-]-\-tc-J''sI.-]n. taml-\≥, Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v ]n.-‰n. amX-yp, πm\nwKv t_m¿UwKw kn.-]n. tPm¨ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ kao-]w.

∂-Xn-\v {Xn-Xe - ]-©m-bØp-If - p-sSbpw ap-\n-kn-∏m-en-‰n-If - p-sSbpw {]-h¿Ø-\w G-‰hpw k-Po-h-am-bn ap-t∂m-´p t]mIWw. \-Ωp-sS ]-{¥≠mw ]-©-h-’c ]-≤-Xn-bp-sS k-ao-]-\-tcJ-sb kw_-‘n-®v hn-i-Zam-b N¿-® πm-\nw-Kv t_m¿-Un¬ \S-Øn AXn-s\m-cp A-hkm-\- cq-]a - m-bn-´p≠v. hnhn-[ Xm¬-]-cy߃ D-≈h-sc tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ hnhn-[ ÿ-eß - f - n¬ hn-fn-®p Iq-´n N¿-® sNøp-∂-Xn-\m-Wv Xo-cp-am-\n-®n-´p-≈Xv. AXn¬ ]-©mb-Øv {]-kn-U‚p-am¿°pw A-Xn-t‚Xm-b ]-¶p≠v. Ahcp-sS A`n{]m-b-ßfpw \n¿-t±-i-ßfp-sam-s° ]-camh-[n Dƒ-s°m-≈n-°m-\m-bn-´v {i-an-°pw. ]-{¥-≠mw ]-≤-Xn-bn¬ ]-©m-b-Øp-Ifp-sS tdmƒ Iq-Sp-X¬ k-Po-h-amh-Ww F-∂ kao-]-\am-Wv k¿°mcn\p≈Xv. tIcfw Ct∏mƒ t\-cnSp-∂ G-‰hpw

h-en-b {]-i\ v- w am-en-\y- Iq-ºm-ca - mWv. ]-´-W-ß-fn¬ am-{Xa√ {Km-a-ß-fn¬ t]mepw C-∂v A-sXm-cp {]-iv-\-am-bncn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. C-Xn-\v ]-cn-lm-cw D-≠m°n-bn-s√-¶n¬ \-Ωƒ t\-Sp-∂ t\-´ßƒ-s°m-∂pw {]-tbmP-\w D-≠m-hpIbn√. H-tŒm-_¿ 2 ap-X¬ am-en-\y-ap‡ tI- c - f - Ø n- \ v th- ≠ n- k- a - { K am-b ]-cn-]m-Sn B-hn-jv°c - n-®ncn°p-IbmWv. ]-©m-b-Øp-Iƒ H-‰-s°-´m-bnap-tºm-´v h∂v ]cn-]mSn hnP-bn-∏n°phm≥ apJy-a{¥n Bl-zm\w sNbvXp. ]©m-bØv kmaq-ln-I-t£-a-h-Ip∏p-a{¥n tUm. Fw.sI. ap-\o¿ tbmKw DZvL - m-S\w sNbvXp. ]-{¥≠mw ]-©h’- c ]≤- X n B- c w- ` n- ° p- ∂ - t Xm- s S ]©m-b-Øp-Ifn¬ ]p-Ø≥ D-W¿-hv B-h-iy-amsW∂v a{¥n ]d-™p. H-cp ]pXn-b \-b-k-ao]-\w kzo-I-cn-®v Znimt_m-[-tØm-sS ap-t∂m-´v t]m-tI-≠Xp≠v. A-Xn-\v D-X-Ip-∂ co-Xn-bn¬ ]©mb-Øv h-Ip-∏n-s\ am-‰n-sb-Sp-°p-∂Xn-\v X-S- -am-bn \n¬-°p-∂ LS-Ißsf Ku-c-h-am-bn ]-cn-tim-[n-®v \-S-]-SnIƒ kzo-I-cn-°pw. ]-©m-b-ØpIsf kz-bw`-c-W ÿm-]-\-ß-fm-°n i‡ns∏SpØm-≥ \S]Sn kzoIcn®phcp∂Xmbpw At±-lw Adn-bn®p. H-cp ]-©m-b-Øn-\v H-cp F©n-\ob¿- F-¶nepw \n¿-_-‘-amWv. F©n\o-b¿-amcpsS ]n F-kv.-kn. en-Ãv \n-ehn-ep≠v. ]-s£ A-Xn¬ hnI-emw-KcpsS F-Æw Xn-´-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ ImtUm. ‰n.Fw. tXmakv sFkIv Fw.-F¬.-F. apJ-y-{]`m-jWw \S-Øp∂p.

14

e-Xma-kw h∂p-. B en-kv-‰v h-∂p I-gn™m¬ {]-iv-\w Ipd-s®¶n-epw ]-cn-lcn-°m≥ km-[n-°pw. C-t∏mƒ F-¥ps≠-¶nepw ]-©m-bØ - n-s\ G¬-]n°pI F-∂X - m-Wv F√m h-Ip-∏p-If - p-sSbpw k-ao-]\w. AXp-aqew tPmen `mchpw h¿≤n°p∂p. am- k - ß ƒ- ° p- ≈ n¬ F©n-\o-b¿am-cp-sS {]-iv-\-Øn¬ H-cp imiz-X ]-cn-lm-cw D-≠m°pw, At±lw ]d-™p. I-gn-bp∂-{X th-KØ - n¬ ]-≤X - n- \n¿h-lWw \S-ØWw. ssa\kv ]-©m-bØpI-sf π-kv B-°p-∂X - n-\p-≈ ]q¿W ]n¥p-W k¿-°m-cn-s‚ `m-KØ - p-\n∂pw D-≠m-hpw. A-Xn-\p ]pd-sa ]-≤-Xn-Iƒ°m-bn am-‰nh-®n-cn-°p-∂ ]-Ww k¿°m¿ ]-d-bp-∂ ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ-°m-bn am‰n h-bv-t°-≠n h-cp-∂p-≠v. hnhn[ ]-cn]m-Sn-Iƒ \-S-Øm≥ ]-‰p-∂ co-Xn-bn¬ {Km‚p-Iƒ h¿-≤n-∏n-°p-∂X - v kw-_‘ - n® Im-cy-߃ k¿-°m¿ Ku-c-ham-bn B-tem-Nn-°p-∂p-≠v. C-t∏mƒ ap-∏Ø - n-aq-hm-bn-cw Aw-K≥hm-Sn-I-fp≠v. ]-s£ Aw-K≥-hm-Sn-Ifn¬ ]-Ip-Xnbpw hm-S-I sI-´n-S-ØnemWv {]h¿Øn-°p-∂X - v. Nn-e Aw-K≥hm-Sn So-®¿-am-cp-sS ho-Sp-Iƒ X-s∂ AXn-\mbn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p≠v. AwK≥-hm-Sn-Iƒ-°v kz-¥-am-bn sI-´n-Shpw ÿ-e-hp-ap-≈ H-cp A-h-ÿ D≠mIWw. Aw-K≥-hm-Sn B-tcm-Ky-c-£-bv°p th-≠n-bn-´p-≈ H-cp ÿm-]\ - a - m-Wv. ]-s£ A-hn-sS B-tcmKyw X-I-cp-∂ A-h-ÿ-bn-te-°v Im-cy-߃ \oßcpXv, a{¥n ]d™p. ]{¥≠mw ]-©h-’-c ]-≤-Xn-bp\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

apJ-y-a{¥n DΩ≥Nm≠n {]Im-i-\w sNøp∂p. a{¥n-am-cmb sI.-kn. tPmk-^v, hn.-F-kv. inh-Ip-am¿,

sS ]-Wn-∏p-c-bn-em-Wv tI-{µ˛kwÿm\ k¿-°m-cpIsf∂v NS-ßn¬ Biwk-I-f¿∏n®p kwkm-cn® {Kma-hn-Ik\ hIp-∏p-a{¥n sI.-kn. tPmk^v ]d-™p. ]-≤-Xn-°p-th-≠n-bp-≈ k-ao]-\t- c-Jb - p-sS Ic-Sv G-Xm-≠v X-øm-dm-bn I-gn-™n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. A-Xv sh_vssk-‰n¬ {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p≠v. A-SpØ A-©p h¿-j-tØ-°v tI-c-f-Øns‚ ka-{K hn-I-k-\-Øn-\v A-Sn-Ø-d ]m-Ip-∂ H-∂m-bn-cn°pw ]-{¥≠mw ]©h-’-c ]-≤Xn. ]-©m-bØ - p-If - p-ambn _-‘s - ∏-´v K-h¨-sa‚ v ssI-s°m≠ H-cp Xo-cp-am-\w ]-©m-b-Øp-Ifpw C-\n ]-©h-’-c ]-≤-Xn-I-fp-am-bn apt∂m´p-t]mI-Ww F-∂XmWv. ]-©mb-Øp-Iƒ-°p-≈ πm≥ ^-≠v t]mepw Nn- e - t ∏mƒ ]q¿- W - a mbpw Nn- e - h - g n°m≥ I-gn-bp-∂n√. Hmtcm km-ºØnI h¿-jhpw {Kma-k-`Iq-Sn N¿-®sNbv-Xv ]≤-Xn X-øm-dm-°n Sn.F.Pn. AwKo-I-cn-®v h-cp-tºmƒ G-Xm-≠v B-dpam-k-w Ign-™n-cn-°pw. Cu co-Xn--°v am-‰w h-cWw. C-\n ap-X¬ ]-©m-bØp-Iƒ°pw A-©v sIm√-sØ ]≤Xn D-≠m-hWw F∂mWv K-h¨-sa‚ v Xo-cp-am-\n-®n-cn-°p∂-Xv. ]-©m-bØ - ncmPv B-Œv ]m-km-b-Xn-\v tijw ]-©mb- Ø p- I ƒ- s °√mw ]≤- X n \- S - Ø n∏n¬ hen-b A-dn-hp-≠m-bn-´p≠v. ]©m-bØ - n-s‚ ]-≤X - n-sb∏‰n H-cp ]-©mb-Øm-Wv Xo-cp-am-\n-°p∂-Xv. K-h¨sa‚n-s‚ Xo-cp-am\w Hmtcm ]-©m-b-

Øn-s‚bpw hn-Ik-\w kw-_-‘n-®v A-Xp {Km-a ]-©m-b-Øm-sW-¶nepw tªm-°v ]-©m-b-Øm-sW-¶nepw Pn√m ]-©m-b-Øm-sW-¶nepw ]-©mb-Øv I-Ωn-‰n N¿-®sN-bv-Xv X-øm-dm-°p-I F∂-XmWv. km-t¶-Xn-I-am-b ]n-g-hpIƒ Nq-≠n-°m-Wn-°m≥ A-hk-cw D≠m-hpw. TAGIƒ \-S-Øn-s°m-≠v t]mIp-∂-Xn-s\Ip-dn-®p-≈ Ku-c-ham-b Nn¥ K-h¨-sa‚n-s‚ `mK-Øp\n-∂p-≠v, a{¥n ]d-™p. ]-{¥≠mw ]-≤-Xn-bn¬ G-‰hpw Iq-Sp-X¬ {]m-[m-\yw Im¿jnI taJe-bv°m-sW∂v NS-ßn¬ Biw-kI - ƒ A¿∏n® IrjnhIp∏v a{¥n sI.-]n. taml-\≥ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. Im¿jnI

ta-Je-sb kw-_‘ - n-®v H-cp-]m-Sv ^-≠pIƒ kwÿm-\ k¿-°m-cn-s\ kw-_‘n-®v \o-°n-shbv-t°-≠-Xn√. Im¿jnI ta-J-e-bv-°p-≈ 85 i-X-am-\hpw tI-{µ k¿-°m¿ X-cn-I-bmWv. A-Xp-]tbm-Kn-®v kw-ÿm\-sØ Im¿jnI cwKw k- º ∂--a m- ° m≥ km- [ n- ° pw. ssP-h-Ir-jn-sb t{]m-’m-ln∏n-°p-∂Xn\pw ]-©m-b-Øp-I-fp-sS k-l-IcWw A-t±lw A-`y¿-∞n-®p. ]-{¥≠mw ]-©h-’-c ]-≤-Xn-bpsS k-ao-]-\-tc-Jbv°mbp-≈ hen-b X-øm-sd-Sp-∏m-Wv ]-©mb-Øv A-tkmkn-tbj≥ ssI-s°m-≠n-´p-≈X - v F-∂v KXm-KX hIp∏v a{¥n hn.-F-kv. inhIp-am¿ ]d-™p. {Kmao-W ta-J-e-bp-sS hn-Ik-\w bm-Ym¿-∞y-am-I-W-sa-¶n¬ A-[n-Im-c hn-tI-{µo-Ic-Ww km-[y-amIWw F∂ a-lm-flmKm-‘n-bp-sS kz]v-\-ß-fp-am-bm-Wv `-c-W-LS-\m t`-Z-KXn-bn-eq-sS \-Ωƒ ap-t∂m´v t]m-bXv. Hmtcm {]-tZ-i-Øp-ap-≈ hn-Ik-\w F¥m-sW∂-v kwÿm-\ `c-W t\-Xr-XzØn-ep-≈ Bfnt\m a-{¥-n-am¿t°m apIƒ-Ø´n-en-cn-°p∂-h¿t°m a-\ - n-em°m≥ km-[n-°p-I-bn√. {]m-tZin-IXe-Øn¬ {Km-a-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ A-s√¶n¬ \-K-c-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ X-s∂ ASnÿm-\ P-\-hn-`m-K-Øn-s‚ tam-N-\Øn-\m-h-iyam-b Im-cy߃, \m-Sn-s‚ hn-I-k-\-Øn-\m-h-iyam-b Im-cy-߃ A-Xv b-Ym¿-∞-Øn¬ a-\- n-em-°m≥ km-[n-°p∂-Xv Xt±-i kz-bw`c-W ÿm-]-\-ß-fn-se P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ°mWv. A-h-cp-sS \n¿-t±-i߃ Cu k-ao-]-\-tc-J-bn¬ Dƒ-s∏´n-´p-≠v. \n¿t±-i-߃ N¿-®sN-bv-Xv A-Xv hf-sc Ku-c-h-tØmsS Cu tc-J-bn¬ Dƒ-s∏Sp-Øm≥ km-[n-®n-´p-≠v F∂-Xv A-`n\µ\m¿lamsW∂v a{¥n ]d-™p. tijw t]Pv 34

]©m-bØv hIp∏v a{¥n tUm. Fw.-sI. ap\o¿ DZvLm-S\ NS-ßn-s\-Øn-b-t∏mƒ

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Fw.-hn.- tXm-akv

a

em-bm-fn-I-fpsS Hcp Zo¿L-Im-ekz-]\ v w km£m-XI v c- n®psIm≠v tIcfw F∂ kwÿm\w ]nd-∂Xv 1956 \wh_¿ H∂n-\mWv. sFXnly {]Imcw ]c-ip-cm-a≥ agpsh-dn™v kap-{Z-Øn¬ \n∂v Db¿Ønsb- S pØ `q{]- t Z- i - a mWv tIc- f w, koXmt\z-jW - Ø - n\v kp{Ko-h≥ hm\c-tk-\sb \ntbm-Kn® {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ tIc-fhpw Dƒs∏-´n-cp∂Xmbn cmam-bW-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂p. alm-`m-c-X-Øn¬ hnh-cn--°p∂ Ipcp-t£-{X-bp≤Øn¬ tIc-fØ - nse tNc-cm-Pmhpw ]¶mfnbmbn-cp∂p. {Kokv, tdmw, CuPn]v‰v, Atd_y≥ cmPy-߃, ssN\ XpS-ßnb {]tZ-iß - f - pambn ]pcm-X\ tIc-fØ - n\v hmWy-Py-]c - a - mb _‘߃ D≠m-bncp- ∂ - X mbn kqN- \ - b p≠v . ]n∂oSv bqtdm-]y¿ Chn-sS-sbØn. kl-{km-_vZß-fpsS Ncn-{X-ap≈ tIcfw Hcp ImeØpw GIo-IyX `cW-Øn¬ h∂n-´n-√. tKmI¿Ww apX¬ I\ymIp-am-cn-h-sc-bp≈ `q{]-tZiw cmjv{So-bm-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n-e√, `mj-bp-sSbpw kwkv°m-cØ - ns‚bpw t]cn-emWv Hcp GI-Ia-- mbn \ne-\n-∂-Xv. kwLIm-esØ H∂mw tNc km{am-Pyhpw tIc- f - Ø ns‚ GXm\pw `mK- ß ƒ am{Xw DƒsIm-≈p-∂-h-bm-bn-cp∂p. 12˛mw \q‰m-≠ns‚ Bcw-`Ø - n¬ c≠mw tNc(IqetiJ-c) km{amPyw XI¿∂tXmsS \mev]-tXmfw sNdp-In-S-cm-Py-

16

߃ cq]w sIm≠p. sXt° A‰Øp≈ thWm-Sns‚ A[n-]-\mb am¿Ømfih¿Ω Ht´sd sNdp- I nS cmPyßsf Iogvs∏-SpØn 1729˛¬ Xncp-hnXmw- I q¿ F∂ cmPy- Ø n\v cq]w \¬In. FUn 16˛mw \q‰mt≠mSp-IqSn a[y-tI-c-f-Øn¬ cmjv{Sob {]`mhw t\Snb cmPy-amWv s]cp-ºS- ∏p kzcq]w F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ sIm®n. DØ-c-tI-c-f-Ønse G‰hpw i‡\mb `c- W m- [ n- I mcn tImgn- t °mSv kmaq-Xn-cn-bmbncp∂p. tImgn-t°mSpw hnhn-[- sN-dp-In-S -cm-Py-ßfpw Dƒs∏´n-cp∂ B {]tZiw ae-_m¿ F∂ t]cn¬ {]Jym-X-am-bn. 1792˛¬ ae_m¿ apgp-h\pw {_n´o-jp-Im¿ ssIhi-s∏-Sp-Øn. ]n∂oSXv a{Zmkv {]hn-iybpsS `mK-am-°n. kzmX{¥y-e_ - [ v- n-°meØv tIc-f-Øn¬ Xncp-hnXmwIq¿, sIm®n F∂o cmP-`c - W {]tZ-iß - fpw ae-_m¿ F∂ {_n´ojv `cW {]tZ-ihp-amWv D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. H∂c \q‰m-t≠mfw Cu aq∂v `cW-kw-hn-[m\ßfpsS Iogn-em-bn-cp∂p sh¶nepw tIc-f-sa∂ AkvXn-XzsØ Dd-∏n-®p-\n¿Øm≥ ae-bmf `mjbv°p Ign-™p. AXn-\m¬ sFIy-tI-cf k¶ev]-Øns‚ ASn-Ø-d- ]m-In-bXv AJn-e-tI-c-fm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ \S∂ `mjm- ] - c hpw kmln- X y- ] - c - h p- a mb {]h¿Ø\-ßf - m-bn-cp∂p. `mjm-t]m-jnWn-k-`-bpsS cq]-h-Xv°-c-Whpw ]{X-

am-kn-I-I-fpsS hf¿®bpw Cu {]{Inbsb XzcnX KXn-bn-em°n. Fkv.F - ≥.Un.-]n.-, F≥.Fkv.Fkv XpS-ßnb kakvX-tI-cf kwLS\-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø\hpw sFIy-tI-cf {]ÿm-\Ø - n\v klm-bI - c - a - mbn. kmln-Xy-kmw-kv°m-cnI {]kvYm-\-߃ Db¿Øn-sIm≠ph∂ Cu {]ÿm-\sØ i‡n-s∏-SpØn-bXpw AXns\ bmYm¿∞y-am-°m≥ G‰hpa[nIw klm-bn-®Xpw tZiob {]ÿm-\-amWv. kwÿm-\-ßsf `mjm-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ hn`-Pn-°W - s - a∂ Bh-iyw 1927˛¬ C¥y≥ \mjW¬ tIm¨{K v BZy-ambn D∂-bn-®p. 1946˛¬ sFIy-tI-cf {]ÿm-\sØ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n\p th≠n tIc-f{]-tZ-iv tIm¨{K v IΩn‰n Hcp D]kan-Xn°v cq]w \¬In. 1947˛¬ Xriqcn¬ sFIy-tI-cf alm-kt- Ω-f\w \S∂p. sIm®n cmPmhv Cu ktΩ-f-\Øn¬ h®v {]ÿm- \ - Ø n\v Xs‚ ]n¥pW D≠m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v {]Jym-]n®p. 1948 se sFIy-tI-cf ktΩ-f\w Beq-h-bn¬ \S-∂p. AtX-Øp-S¿∂v aebm-fa - t- \m-ca C{]Imcw apJ-{]-kwK-sa-gp-Xn. ""sNdp-cm-Py-߃°n\n C¥y-bn¬ ÿm\-an-√. tIc-ssf-Iy-ap-≠mbmepw a‰p hn`m-K-ßsf At]-£n®v Iptd sNdptX Bbn-cn-°pIbp≈p F¶nepw B sNdnb tIcfw C¥ybn¬ KW-\o-b-amb Hcp i‡n-bm-bncn-°p-sa-∂p-≈-Xn¬ bmsXmcp kwi\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv b-hp-an√.'' (5 s^{_p-hcn 1949). Xncphn-Xmw-Iq-dns‚ sX°≥ Xmeq-°p-Ifmb tXmhm-f, AK-kvXo-izcw, I¬°pfw, hnf-h≥tImSv F∂nh a{Zmkv {]hn-iy-bn¬ tN¿°-Ws - a∂ Bhiyw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ Xan-gv\mSv tIm¨{K v D∂-bn-®p. sN-t¶m-´, tZhn-Ip-fw, ]ocptaSv F∂o {]tZ-i-ßfpw B {]hn-iybn¬ tN¿°-W-sa∂ Bh-iyhpw Db¿∂p h∂p. tIm¨{K n\v A[n-Imcw In´n-bmep-S≥ `mjm-{]hniym cq]-hX - v°c - Ww Gs‰-Sp-°p-∂X - m-sW∂v 1938¬ hm¿[mbn¬ ktΩ-fn® ]m¿´n-bpsS h¿°nwKv IΩn‰n Xocp-am-\n-®n-cp∂p. F∂m¬ kzmX{¥y-e-_v-[n-tbm-S-\p-_-‘n-®p≠mb C¥y hn`-P-\-Øn-s‚-bpw h¿Kob el-f-I-fp-sSbpw ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Cu hmKvZm\w \nd-th-‰p-hm≥ Ignbptam F∂ kwibw tIm¨{K v t\Xm-°ƒ°p≠m-bn. Aev]w sshInbm-sW-¶nepw Cu Bi-¶-Iƒ AI‰n-sIm≠v 1953 Unkw-_¿ 23\v kwÿm\ ]p\xkwL-S\m IΩo-js‚ \nba\w {][m\a{¥n Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp ]m¿e-sa‚n¬ {]Jym]n-®p. Fkv.- ^-k¬ Aen (A∂v Hdo m Kh¿W¿) sNb¿am-\mb IΩo-j\ - n¬ F®v.F - ¬. Ip¨{kp (A∂v cmPy-k`mw-Kw) k¿Zm¿ sI.-Fw. ]Wn-°¿ (A∂v CuPn-]vXnse C¥y≥ ÿm\]-Xn) F∂n-h¿ AwKß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. kwÿm\ ]p\x-kw-L-S-\m-I-Ωoj≥ ip]m¿i sNbvX 16 kwL-S\I-fn-sem∂v tIc-f-am-bn-cp∂p. Xan-gn\v {]map-Jy-ap≈ tXmhmf, AK-kX v o-izcw, I¬°p-fw, hnf-h≥tIm-Sv, sNt¶m´ F∂o Xmeq-°p-Iƒ a{Zm- n\v (C∂sØ Xan-g\ v mSv) hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ ˛ sIm®n kwÿm\hpw ae-_m¿ Pn√bpw Z£nW Im\d Pn√-bnse Imk¿-tImSv Xmep°pw tN¿ØmWv ae-bm-f`- mjm{]tZ-is - a∂ \ne-bn¬ tIcf kwÿm-\Ø - n\v cq]w \evIn-b-Xv. 1956 \hw-_¿ H∂n\v tIcf kwÿm\w \ne-hn¬ h∂-tXmsS Xncp-˛-sIm-®n-bn¬ AssUz-k-dm-bncp∂ ]n.-Fkv dmhp-hns\ tIc-fØnse BIvSnwKv Kh¿W-dmbn \nb-an-®p. 1956 \hw-_¿ 26\v tUm. _n. cma-IrjvWd - mhp tIc-fØ - nse BZyK-h¿Wdmbn Npa-X-e-tb-‰p. C.-Fw.-Fkv \ºqXn-cn-∏m-Sns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ kwÿm\sØ {]Ya a{¥n-k` A[n-Im-c-ta‰Xv 1957 G{]n¬ A©n-\m-Wv. tIcf kwÿm\ cq]-h-Xv°-c-WtØmsS ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS Hcp Nnc-Imek - z]v\w km[n-Xa- m-sb-¶nepw AXns‚ ASn-ÿm\e£yw C∂pw Gsd-°psd AI-se-bm-Wv. `c-W-t_m-[-\-cw-K-ß\hw_¿ 2011

C\n ASn-b-¥-c-ambn th≠Xv tIc-f-Øns‚ GI HutZymKn-I`m-jbpw tImSXn \S-]-Sn-IfpsS am[y-a-ambpw \n¿_-‘nX ]T-\-`m-jbmbpw ae-bm-fsØ {]Xnjv-Tn-®p sIm≠p≈ Hcp \nb-aw \nb-a-k-`bn¬ ]m m°n FSp-°p-Ibpw AXv I¿i-\-ambn \S-∏m-°p-Ibpw sNøpI F∂-XmWv. ]n.-F-kv.-kn. aptJ\ \nb-an-°-s∏-Sp∂ apgp-h≥ t]cpw \√ coXn-bn¬ ae-bmfw Fgp-Xm\pw hmbn-°m-\pw Adn-bp∂-h-cm-sW∂v Dd∏p hcp-ØWw. fn¬ ae-bm-f-Øn\v A¿lamb AwKoImcw \¬IpI F∂ Cu e£yw t\Sp-∂-Xn\v kwÿm\ cq]-h-Xv-°-c-WØns‚ 55˛mw hm¿jnIw BtLm-jn°-s∏-Sp∂ Cu Ah-kc - Ø - n-se-¶nepw \mw ASn-b-¥c \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cnt°-≠-XmWv. P\m-[n-]Xyw A¿Y-hØm-Ip-∂-Xn\v CXv A\n-hm-cy-amWv. kwÿm\ ]p\x-kwL-S\m IΩo-j≥ Cßs\ ]d-bp∂p. ""Hcp P\m-[n-]-Xy`-c-W-Øn¬ P\-߃°v a\- n-emIp∂ `mj-bn¬-Øs∂ `c-W-Im-cy߃ \S-tØ-≠Xv Kh-s◊‚ns‚ NpaX-e-bm-Wv. AXn-te°v P\-߃°v \ymb- a mbn Ah- I m- i - s ∏- S m- h p- ∂ XpamWv'' (dn-t∏m¿´v JfinI 142) kmaq-lnI Pohn-X-Øns‚ auenILS-Iß-fnsem-∂mWv `mj-sb∂pw AXv cmjv{Sob a\-»m-kv{XsØ hfsc-b[nIw kzm[o\n-®n-´p-s≠∂pw Nq≠n°m´p∂ IΩo-j≥ CXn\v Dt]m-Zv_e-I-a-mbn temI-{]-kn≤ Ncn-{X-Im-c\mb s{]m^-k¿ F.-sP. tSmb≥_nbpsS Cu hm°p-Iƒ D≤-cn-°p∂p. ""hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ tZio-bt- _m[w ]c-º-cm-K-X-amb AXn¿-Øn-I-fntem `q]camb \ho\ kwL-S-\Ifntem A√, an°-hmdpw XnI®pw am-Xr`m-j-I-fn-emWv _‘n-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂Xv'' (dnt∏m¿´v JfinI 145). Hmtcm k - w-ÿm-\s - Øbpw Hu-tZymKnI `mj, \yq\]£- `m-j-I-fpsS ]Zhn F∂nh kw_-‘n®v IΩo-j≥ ]d-bp-∂p. ""Hcp kwÿm-\sØ BsI P\-kw-Jy-bpsS Dt±iw 70 iX-am\tam AXn¬ IqSp-Xtem BWv Hcp `mjm-{Kq-∏n\v D≈-sX-¶n¬ B kwÿm\sØ Hcp GI`mjm kwÿm\-am-bnØs∂ ] - cn-KW - n-°W - s - a∂v R߃ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. P\-kw-Jy-bpsS

30 iX-am-\t-- Øm-fa - p≈ KWy-amb Hcp \yq\- ] - £ - a p- s ≠- ¶ n¬ `c- W - I m- c y߃°v B kw-ÿm\sØ Hcp Zzn`mj-kwÿm\ambn AwKo-I-cn-t°-≠XmWv'' (dn-t∏m¿´v JfinI 783). tIcf-Øn¬ ae-bmfw kwkm-cn-°p-∂-h¿ 95.20 iX- a m- \ - a mWv . Xangv (2.7%), Xpfp (0.41 %), sIm¶Wn (0.40%), I∂U (0.27%), sXep¶v (0.24%), a‰p `mj-Iƒ (1.11%) F∂n-ßs\ AXn-kq£vaa - mbtXmXn¬ am{Xta \yq\]£`m-jI - ƒ tIc-fØ - n-ep-≈q. sXm´-SpØ Xan-gv\m-´n¬ Xangv kwkm-cn-°p-∂-h¿ 84.73 iX- a m- \ hpw I¿Wm- S - I - b n¬ I∂-S-`m-j-°m¿ 65.16 iX-am-\hpw B{‘m-{]-tZin¬ sXep¶v amXr-`mjbm-bn-´p≈h¿ 84.54 iX-am-\hpw am{Xam-Wp-≈Xv. tIc-f-Øn¬ AXnepw F{Xtbm Db¿∂ tXmXn¬ ae-bmfnIƒ D≠m-bn-´pw ChnsS GI HutZym-KnI-`mj F∂ ]Zhn ae-bm-fØn\v \evIs - ∏-´n-´n-√. 1969se HutZymKnI `mj \nba{]Imcw tIc-fØ - nse HutZymKnI `mj Cw•ojpw ae-bm-fhp-am-Wv. kzmX{¥ye_v[n°p apºv {][m\ambpw ae-bmfw D]-tbm-Kn®p sIm≠nc - p∂ Iogv tImS-Xn-If - n¬ Ct∏mƒ B ÿm\w Cw•o-jn-\mbn. apºv ss{]adn hnZym-`ymkw ]q¿Æ-ambpw ae-bmf am[y-a-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. {]o˛ss{]adn apX¬ Cw•ojv am[yaw sImSn-IpØn hmgp-IbmWv. _m¶p-I-fnepw kzIm-cyÿm-]-\-ßfnepw kmam-\y-ambn ]d™m¬ ae-bmfw ]Sn°p ]pd-ØmWv. ae-bmfw H´pw Adn-bmØ ae-bm-fnIƒ Ct∏mƒ H´-\-h-[n-bmWv. Cu Zp¿KXn°v am‰w hcp-Øm-\pXIp∂ ^e-{]Z-amb Hcp \S-]-Sn-bmWv ae-bm-fsØ H∂mw `mj-bm-°n-s°m≠v CubnsS k¿°m¿ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn® DØ-chv. C\n ASn-b¥ - c - a - mbn th≠Xv tIc-fØ - ns‚ GI HutZymKn-I`- m-jbpw tImSXn \S]-Sn-IfpsS am[y-a-ambpw \n¿_-‘nX ]T-\`- m-jb - mbpw ae-bm-fsØ {]XnjvTn-®psIm≠p≈ Hcp \nb-aw \nb-a-k`-bn¬ ]m m°n FSp-°p-Ibpw AXv I¿i-\-ambn \S-∏m-°p-Ibpw sNøpI F∂-XmWv. ]n.-Fk - v.k - n. aptJ\ \nban-°s - ∏-Sp∂ apgp-h≥ t]cpw \√ coXnbn¬ ae-bmfw Fgp-Xm\pw hmbn-°m\pw Adn-bp-∂-h-cm-sW∂v Dd∏p hcpØWw. tIcf∏nd-hn-bpsS 55˛mw hm¿jnIw BtLm- j n- ° - s ∏- S p∂ Cu Ah-k-c-Ønse¶nepw CXp kw_‘n® \S-]SnIƒ D≠m-hp-sa∂v \ap°v \ymb-ambpw {]Xo-£n°mw. teJ-I≥ kwÿm\ C≥^¿ta-j≥ & ]ªn-Ivdn-te-j≥kv hIp-∏n¬ ap≥ sU-]yq´n Ub-d-IvS-dm-Wv.

17


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

\

ap°v, ae-bm-fn-Iƒ°v F¥p]‰n? \mgn-Ibv°p \m¬∏Xph´w \mw \ΩpsS `mj- s bbpw kwkv ° m- c sØbpw ]mc-º-cy-sØbpw kZm-Nmc-a-ln-a-sbbpw a‰pw ]‰n hnkvXcn-°mdp-≠t√m. a‰p Ie-I-fnse∂-t]mse {]kw-K-I-e-bnepw ae-bm-fn-Iƒ hncpX≥am¿Xs∂. F∂m¬ Cu Xd-hm-SnØ- t Lm- j - W - s Ø- t ∏mse Xs∂bmtWm Imcy-߃? hnth-In-Xt- bmsS \ap-s°m∂p ]cXn t\m°mw. `mj kwkv°m-c-amWt√m. AXn\m¬ `mj- h n- N m- c - a m- I s´ BZyw. A©p-X-hW ⁄m\-]oTw Ib-dnb `mj-bmWv ae-bmfw. \ΩpsS kmlnXy-`mj kºp-jvSa - m-sW-∂X - n\v sXfnhm-Wt√m CXv. XI-gnbpw _jodpw Fw.-Sn.bpw Aø-∏-∏-Wn-°cpw a‰pw hnh¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eqsS temI-Øns‚ F√m `mKØpw FØn-tN¿∂n-´p-≠v. F∂n-´p-sat¥ ae-bmfw H∂mw`m-jbm-°m≥ apd-hn-fn-°qt´-≠n-hc - p-∂p. `cW-`m-jm-am‰w F∂p tIƒ°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ Ct∏mƒ Nncn-bmWv. 1957˛se C.-Fw.-F-kv. a{¥n-k-`-bpsS Imew apX¬ kwÿm- \ sØ `cW`mj aebmfam°m≥ DØ-c-hp-Iƒ Cd-ßn-

tUm. hnf-°pSn cmtP-{µ≥

b-XmWv. ASn-b-¥c DØ-c-hp-Ifmbncp∂p F√mw. F∂m¬ Ac-\q-‰m≠n\p tijhpw Imcy-amb ]ptcm-KXn Cu cwKØv D≠m-bn-´n-√. h©n Xn-cp-\-°c- Ø s∂ F∂p ]dbmw. \ΩpsS Ab¬ kwÿm-\-ß-fn-sems° F{Xtbm Imew apºp apX¬ AXXp {]mtZ-inI `mj-Iƒ `c-W-˛-t_m-[\ am[y-a-ambn amdn. ÿe-\m-aßfpsS Imcyhpw ChnsS Hm¿Ωn-°mw. kmbn∏ns‚ \mhn\p hg-ßp∂ a´n¬ am‰nsb-SpØ {Snhm¨{Uw, sImbntem¨, Be-∏n, ]ƒKm´v XpS-ßnb Bdp Pn√-I-fpsSbpw sX≈n-t®-cn, IÆ∂q¿, tNmKm´v XpS-ßnb 17 Xmeq°p-I-fpsSbpw t]cp-Iƒ {]mtZ-in-tIm®m-cWw IW-°n-se-Sp-Øp≈ \m´p samgn-bn-te°v DS≥ {]m_-ey-Øn¬ hc-Ø-°-hn[w am‰n k¿°m¿ DØ-chn- d - ß n- b n´v 20 h¿jw Ign- ™ p. Ct∏mgpw Cu am‰w ]q¿Æ-ambn \S∏m-bn-´n√. k¿°m¿ Fgp-Øp-IpØpI-fnepw ÿe-\ma t_mUp-I-fnepw t]mepw {Snhm¨{Uhpw Be-∏n-bpsams° sskzc-hnlmcw \S-Øp-∂p. Xan-gnepw I∂--U-Ønepw sXep-¶nepw adm-Tn-bnepw a‰pw Cw•o-jp-Im¿ am‰n-

\sΩ ad°p∂

\Ωƒ

18

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv a-dn® ÿe-t∏-cp-Iƒ AXXp `mj-Ifn-te°v am‰n-s°m-≠p≈ DØ-ch - p-Iƒ Cdßn aWn°q- d p- I ƒ°Iw am‰w ]q¿Æ-ambn \S-∏mbn. ae-bm-fn-Iƒ Ct∏mgpw CsXm∂pw Kuc-h-ap-≈ Imcy-ambn FSp-Øn-´n-√. t]cn¬ F¥ncn-°p∂p F∂m-hmw. ae-bmf k¿∆I-em-imebv°v XpS°w Ipdn-®n-´p≠v F∂Xv Bizmkw. ¢mkn°v ]Z-hn°p IqSn HsØm- c p- a n- ® p≈ {ia- ß ƒ th≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ae-bm-f-Øn¬ I-sØ-gp-Xp-Itbm H∏n-Sp-Itbm sNøp-∂-h-cpsS FÆw hfsc ]cn-an-X-am-bn. ae-bmfw A°ßƒ Du¿[zw hen-®n´v Ime-ta-sd-bmbn. Ieym-W-£-W-°-Øp-Iƒ Cw•ojn-em-bn-s√-¶n¬ hnhm-l-_‘w Hgn™p-t]m-Ip-sa-∂mWv an°-h-cp-sSbpw [mc-W. ae-bm-f-Øn¬ A®-Sn-°p∂ IØp-Iƒ ]eXpw "£W\'°Øp-Ifm-hp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. H∏ns‚ Imcyw ]d- ™ - t ∏m- g mWv alm- I hn ]nsb Hm¿Øp-t]m-hp-∂-Xv. tI{µ-km-lnXy A°m-Zan Ahm¿Up hmßm-s\-Ønb alm-Ihn Ip™n-cm-a≥ \mb-tcmSv A°m-Z-an-bnse Hcp DtZym-K-ÿ≥ Cw•o-jn¬ H∏n-´p-\¬In-bm¬ Ahm¿Up-Xp-I-bv°p≈ sN°v \¬Im-sa∂p ]d-™-t{X. B DtZymK-ÿ\p t\sc Cu‰-∏p-en-sb-t∏mse X´n-°-b-dnb Ihn, sN°-S-ßnb Ih¿ Abm- f psS apJ- t Ø°v hen- s ®- d n™n´p ]d™p, ""Cu A£cw sIm≠mWv Rm≥ ChnsS FØn-bXv. Fs‚- I-søm∏v ae-bm-fa - m-Wv. CXp ths≠-¶n¬ Cu k¿°m¿ \°m-∏n® F\n°pth≠.'' HSp-hn¬ Ihn-bpsS Imep-]n-Sn-®n-´mWv ae-bm-f-Øn-ep≈ Ht∏msS sN°v At±-lsØ G¬∏n®-Xv. \ΩpsS hmsam-gn-a-e-bm-f-Øns‚ tNepw N¥hpw tNm¿∂p-t]m-hp-IbmWv. \mS≥ ]Z-ßfpw ssien-Ifpw ]g- s ©m- √ p- I fpw Hs° Ie¿∂ \mtSmSn hmMvabw `mj-bpsS i‡nbm-bn-cp-∂p. A£-c-t«m-I-k-Z- p-Iƒ Hm¿a-bn-se-Øp-∂p. Hm^o-kp-I-fnepw hnZym-e-b-ß-fnepw ho´p-ap-‰-ß-fn-epsa√mw A£-c-t«m-I-th-Zn-Iƒ D≠mbn-cp-∂p. \ΩpsS {]kn-≤-cmb IhnI-fpsSsb√mw GXm\pw Ihn-X-Itfm hcn-Itfm ImWm-∏m-T-am-°m-Ø-h¿ ]gb Xe-ap-d-bn¬ hnc-f-am-Wv. cmamb- W - Ø n- s ebpw Xp≈¬°Y- I - f nsebpw Nß-ºp-g, sshtem-∏n-≈n, CSt»-cn, ]n, A°n-Øw, H.-F≥.hn XpSßnb Ihn-I-fp-sSbpw {]kn-≤-ß-fmb Ihn-X-Iƒ \mhn≥ Xpºn¬ {]XnjvTn® Hcp Xe-apd C∂pw ChnsS- b p- ≠ v . Pohn- X - Ø nse thZ- \ - I \hw_¿ 2011

fnepw {]Xn-k-‘n-I-fnepw ia\uj[am-th≠ Ihn-XI - ƒ C∂v as‰¥- ° tbm BIp- ∂ p. ]pXp IhnXbpsS ae sh≈-∏m-®n-en¬ ]g-bsX√mw \jvS-am-hp-∂p. `£W coXn-bn¬h∂ am‰w tcmKßsf £Wn®p hcp- Ø p- ∂ - X m- b n. ^mÃv ^pUv kwkv°mcw {Kma-ßfn¬ t]mepw thtcm- S n- ° - g n- ™ p. F√mw ]pdØp \ns∂- Ø p- t ºmƒ \ΩpsS ASp-°-f-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ APmK-f-kvX-\-߃ t]msebmbn. sSen-hnj\p ap∂n¬ "]pjv]-hn-kr-a-c-kp-c-`nbm- a p- ] - [ m\'Øn¬ XeNmbv ® p≈ \o≠ ib-\hpw ae-bm-fn-bpsS BtcmKy-sØbpw I¿Ωti-jn-sbbpw kmcambn _m[n®p XpS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kpJ-]m-\-tamZ el-cn-°mbn F{X]Ww sNe-hm-°m\pw ae-bm-fn°v aSnbn√. hyXykvX NS-ßp-I-fnepw Iq´mbva-I-fn-ep-sa√mw aZyw A\n-hmcyLSI-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. C°pdn ]pXp-h¿jw BtLm- j n- ° m≥ Hscm‰ Znhkw sIm≠v 33 tImSn-cq-]-bpsS aZy-amWv ae-bm-fn-Iƒ IpSn®p Xo¿Ø-Xv. ]pXph¿j-∏n-d-hn°p apºp≈ ]Øp Znhk-ß-fn-embn Ccp-\q-‰n-ap-∏-Øn-\m-e-ct°m-Sn -cq-]-bpsS aZyw _nh-td-Pkv tIm¿∏-td-j≥ hgn am{Xw hn‰-gn-™t{X. Cu aZym-k‡n D≠m-°p∂ kmaq-lnI {]iv\-߃ Dan-Øo-bn-se∂ t]mse tIc-fsØ \o‰p-I-bmWv. G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ kv{Xo]o-U\w \S-°p∂ kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ tIcfw c≠mw ÿm\-Øm-sW∂v dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. kmaq-lnI _‘-ß-fn¬ henb hn≈-ep-Iƒ hoWn-cn-°p-∂p. IpSpw-_k-µ¿i-\-߃ \ma-am-{X-am-bn. hnhml-Ønepw ac-W-Ønepw am{X-ambn _‘p-k-am-Kaw. a‰p-≈-h-cn¬ \ns∂ √mw AI∂v Ip´n-Iƒ Hcp {]tXy-Item-IØv Ign-bp-∂p. CW- t bmSv s]mcp- Ø - s ∏- S m- \ mhmsX th¿]ncn-bp∂ hnhml_‘ß-fpsS FÆw `bm-\-Iamw hÆw h¿[n-°p-I-bm-Wv. Xs‚X√mØ ImcW-Øm¬ hnhm-l-_‘w th¿s]-SptØ-≠n-h-cp∂ bph-Xn-bp-hm-°-fpsS ]p\¿hn-hml ]ckyw [mcm-f-ambn°mWmw. hcs‚ am\-knI {]iv\w ImcWw _‘w th¿s]-Sp-tØ-≠n-hcp-∂-hcpw ]c-ky-ß-fn-ep-≠v. Ip‰w Bcp-tS-Xm-sW∂v B¿°-dn-bmw. h¿[-Ir-tØm-Sp≈ at\m-`m-hhpw ae-bm-fn-bpsS kwkv°m-c-Øn-\p `qjWa√. t]c-°p-´n-Iƒ°v IY ]d™p sImSp-°m\pw kvt\lw ]I-cm\pw apØ- — ≥amcpw apØ- » n- a m- c p- a p≈

\mSns\ Adn-bm≥ \m´msc Adn-bm≥ Ct∏mƒ kaqlw shº¬sIm≈p-∂p. hmsamgn hg-°-Øns‚bpw \m´-dn-hns‚bpw tiJ-cW - hpw {]mtZ-inI Ncn{X \n¿Ωn-Xn-bp-sa√mw Cu kzXzm-t\z-jW - Øns‚ Is≠-Øe - p-If- mWv. hoSn\p ]pdØpw temI-ap-s≠∂pw AXv Ab¬°m-cn¬ \n∂pw XpSßn AI-eß- f n- t e°v hym]n- ° -W - s a- ∂ p- a p≈ t_m[w ipt`m-Z¿°-am-Wv. hoSp-Iƒ Aßnßv Nne-Xp-≠m-hmw. hr≤-k-Z-\-ß-fnepw AK-Xn-a-µn-c-ßfnepambn NØp-Po-hn-°p-I-bm-W-h¿. "hm¿[-Iy-Øns‚ K‘wIqSn tNcptºmtg hoSv hoSmhq' F∂v Ihn Ip™pÆn ]d-™Xv Hm¿a-bn-se-Øp-∂p. hme-ss‚≥ Zn\hpw A£-bX - r-Xobbv°v kz¿Ww hmßepw a‰pw \ap°v ]pXp-Xm-sb-Ønb BtLm-jß - f - mWv. F√mw Itºm-f-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-´n-cn°p∂ Hcp kaq-l-Øn¬ CsX√mw Cß-s\-bm-bn-√-¶nte AZv`p-X-ap-≈p. ae-bm-fn-bpsS kzXzw CsXm∂pw Bbncp-∂n-√. AI-ep∂p F∂ t_m[w aebm-fn-°p-ap-≠v. Cßs\ t]mcm F∂ {]Xntcm[ Nn¥-bp-ap-≠v. AXns‚ ^e-ambn `h\ kµ¿i\-ßfpw IpSpw_-tbm-K-ß-fpw tZi-°q-´m-bva-Ifpw a‰pw D≠m-hp-∂p. \mSns\ Adn-bm≥ \m´msc Adn-bm≥ Ct∏mƒ kaqlw shº¬sIm-≈p-∂p. hmsamgn hg-°Øns‚bpw \m´-dn-hn-s‚bpw tiJ-cWhpw {]mtZ-inI Ncn{X \n¿Ωn-Xn-bpsa√mw Cu kzXzm-t\z-j-W-Øns‚ Is≠-Øe - p-If - mWv. hoSn\p ]pdØpw temI-ap-s≠∂pw AXv Ab¬°m-cn¬ \n∂pw XpSßn AI- e - ß - f n- t e°v hym]n-°W - s - a-∂p-ap≈ t_m[w ipt`mZ¿°-am-Wv. Cs√-¶n¬ \ΩpsS Ip´nIƒ kvt\l-iq-\y-cmb b{¥-a\ - p-jy-cmbn-t]m-Ipw. "GXp [qk-c-k-¶¬∏-ß-fn¬ hf¿∂mepw, GXp b{¥-h¬°r-X -tem-I-Øn¬ ]pe¿∂mepw, a\- n-ep-≠m-ht´ {Kma-Øn≥ shfn-®hpw aWhpw aa-Xbpw CØncns°m∂∏qhpw' F∂ alm-Ihn sshtem-∏n-≈nbpsS hcn-Iƒ A\p-kva-cn-®p-sIm≠v Cu teJ\w D]-kw-l-cn-°-s´. te-J-I≥ `mjm C≥Ãn-‰yq-´n¬ ap≥ Akn- v Ubd-IvS-dm-Wv

19


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

b

ix-i-co-c-\mb F≥. IrjvW]n≈ (1916--- -------- 88) {]K-ev`-\mb A[ym-]I-\m-bn-cp∂p. ae-bmf \mS-I-Øns‚ PmXIw Xncp-Øn-sb-gp-Xnb AXp-ey\mb \mS-I-Ir-Øm-bn-cp∂p. kq£va{Km- l n- b mb Kth- j - I - \ m- b n- c p∂p. Ipim-{K-_p-≤n-bmb hna¿i-I-\m-bncp∂p. ka-{K-Z¿in-bmb kmln-Xy-Ncn-{X-Im-c-\m-bn-cp∂p. _me-km-ln-XyIm-c\pw {]`m-j-I-\p-am-bn-cp∂p. kck-`m-jW-{]n-b\pw BZ¿i[oc\pw a\p-jy-kvt\-ln-bp-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu KpW-hn-ti-j-ß-fpsS Akm-[m-c-Wamb A\p-c-RvP-\w-sIm≠v \ΩpsS kmwkv°m-cnI cwKØv Ac\q‰m-≠nte-sd-°mew \nd™p-\n∂p {]Imiw sNmcn™ A¿Y-]q¿Æ-amb Hcp PohnX-Øns‚ DS-ab - m-bn-cp∂p F≥.IrjvW] - n≈. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw bqWn-th-gvkn‰n tImtf- P n¬\n∂v ae- b mfw hIp∏v A≤y£-\mbn hnc-an® tijhpw Fadn-‰kv s{]m^-k-dm-bn-cp∂ IrjvW]n≈, Aº-Xn-tesd h¿jsØ [\yamb A[ym-]I Pohn-X-Øns‚ DS-abmWv. temI-Ønse G‰hpw an\p°hpw {]Xm-]hpw A[n-Im-chpw i‡nbpap≈ tPmen-bp-am-bn-t∏mepw Xs‚ A[ym-]-I-hrØn Hcp \nan-j-tØ°p h®p-am-dm≥ IrjvW] - n-≈bv°p a\- n√m-bn-cp∂p. Xs‚ hnP-bØ - ns‚ \mcmbthsc∂v At±lw hniz-kn-®Xpw

a\-km-h-cn® A[ym-]-I-hr-Øn-Xs∂. ASn apX¬ apSn-tbmfw A[ym-]I-\m-bn-cp∂p F≥. IrjvW] - n≈. ]Tn∏n-°p∂ hnj-bØ - n¬ th≠{X {]mKev`yw t\Sn-b-tijw hnZym¿∞n-Isf A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw injy-lr-Z-bß-fn¬ hnjb kzoI-cW - Ø - n-\\ - p-tbmPy-ambn If-sam-cp-°n-b-tijw hnØpIƒ hnX-bv°p-Ibpw AXp Xfn¿Øp ]pjv]n®p ^en-®p-Im-Wp-tºmƒ a\w Ipfn¿Øv Bfl-\n¿hr-Xn-bn¬ ebn-°pIbpw sNøp∂ Kpcp-\m-Y-\m-bn-cp∂p At±lw. F≥. IrjvW-]n≈ kmlnXy-Øns‚ ]mT-߃ am{X-a√, PohnX-Øns‚ ]mT-ßfpw, at\m-hmIv I¿Ω߃ sIm≠pw au\w- s Im≠pw ]I¿∂p \¬Ip∂ Akm-[m-cW - \ - mb A[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. `mc-Xob k¶ev∏-a-\p-k-cn-®p≈ BNm-cy-`mhw B hy‡n-Xz-Øn¬ Aen™p tN¿∂ncp∂p F∂p ImWmw. DØ-a-amb Kpcp-injy _‘-sØ∏‰n Hcp tNmZy- Ø n- \ p- Ø - c - a mbn At±lw Cu teJ-I-t\mSv Hcn-°¬ Cßs\ ]d™p. "Kpcp-in-jy-∑m¿ ]ckv]cw F{X Adn-bm≥ {ian-°ptam A{Xbv°p \∂v... Ccp-Iq-´cpw Ign-hpIƒ At\ym\yw am‰p-c® - p t- \m-°Ww. Ccp-Iq-´cpw Atßm-´p-an-tßm´pw AhcpsS kpJ ZpxJ-ß-fn¬, {]bm-k-ßfn¬ {]iv\ß - f - n¬ F√mw ]¶p-sIm≠p ioen-°Ww. as‰mcp Xc-Øn¬ ]d-

™m¬ Hcp IpSpw-_Ø - nse AwK-ßfmWv F∂ tXm∂¬ bYm¿Y-Øn-ep≠m-hWw.' k¿h- I - e m- i me Xe- Ø n- e p≈ `mjm- K - t h- j - W - Ø n\p t\XrXzw \¬Im≥ ]n.F®v.Un. _ncp-Z-an-√mØ F≥. IrjvW-]n-≈bv°v A\p-hm-Z-ap≠m-bn-cp∂p. (ssIc-fn-bpsS IYbpw {]Xn- ] m{Xw `mj- W - t `- Z hpw a‰pw F{Xtbm ]n.F®v . Un.°p≈ hIbp≠v!) ]T-\Ø - n-s‚bpw Kth-jW - Ø - ns‚bpw C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®v F≥. IrjvW-]n≈ ]d™p. "Db¿∂ ]co-£-bmbn \mw k¶-ev∏n-®n-´p≈ Fw.F ]co- £ - b p- s Sbpw tImgv k ns‚bpw \ne hmkvX-h-Øn¬ \mƒ°p\mƒ A[x-]-Xn®p hcp-I-bmWv. Hcp A`ojvS hnj-bØ - n¬ D]-cn-]T - \w \SØWw, AXn¬ A`n-⁄-\m-bn-ØocWw F∂ e£y-tØm-Sp-IqSn GIm{K-_p-≤n-tbm-Sp-IqSn F√m hnj-bßfpw BIm-hp-∂n-S-tØmfw ka-{K-ambn-Øs∂ ]Tn®v ]co£ Fgp-XWw, FgpXn D∂X \ne-bn¬ ]mkm-IWw. ]mkm-bn-°-gn-™m¬ X߃ ]Tn® hnj- b - ß sf kw_- ‘ n®v D]cn At\z-j-W-߃ \SØn B cwKØv Hcp KmV-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n-°Ww F∂ hnNm-ct- Øm-Sp-IqSn ]Tn-- °p∂ Fw.F hnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS kwJy F{Xtbm Ipd-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. \mƒ sN√pt¥mdpw Kth-jWw sNøm≥ hcp-∂-

F≥. IrjvW-]n≈ F∂ {]K-ev`-\mb A[ym-]-Is‚ hnZym-`ymk Nn¥-I-fn-eqsS Hcp At\z-jWw tUm. Fgp-a-‰q¿ cmP-cm-P-h¿Ω

20

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv h-cpsS ÿnXn CXnepw ]cn-Xm-]I - c - amWv' F∂v At±lw ]d-bp∂p. an°h¿°pw F¥n-s\-∏‰n Kth-jWw \SØ-W-sa∂p \n›-b-an-√m-sX-bmWv ssKUns\ kao-]n-°p-∂Xv. ssKUp \n¿t±-in-°p∂ hnj-b-am-Is´ Kth-jI\v Hcp FØpw ]nSnbpw In´m-ØX - mbn-cn°pw. Kth-jW _ncpZw In´m≥ AXym-hiyw th≠ Icp-°ƒ k¿∆I-em-im-e-bpsS \ne-hn-ep≈ \n¿t±i-߃°-\p-kr-X-ambn {]_-‘-cq-]Øn¬ \nc- Ø n- h ®v ka¿∏n- ° p- ∂ tXmsS Kth-j-Is‚ tPmen Xocp∂p. ]co-£-I-∑m¿ [¿Ω k¶-S-Øn-emWv. Hcm-fpsS aq∂p-h¿jsØ {]b-Xv\sØ X≈n- ∏ - d - b m- \ m- h msX an° A[ym-]-Icpw tZmj-߃ hnkva-cn°m≥ t{]cn-X-cm-Ip∂p. ]n.F®v.Un. In´n-°-gn-™m¬ B hnj-b-sØ-∏‰n ]n∂oSp Nn¥n-°p-∂-h¿ \t∂ Ipdhv. Nne-cm-Is´, Xs‚ hnj-b-Øn¬°hn™ Hcp hnjbw temI-Øn-en√ F∂ Nn¥-tbmsS Ah-k-c-Ønepw A\-h-k-c-Øn-ep-sa√mw AXp a‰p-≈h-cn¬ ASn-t®¬∏n-°m≥ {]kwKw aptJ-\bpw teJ\w aptJ-\bpw {ian®p-s°m-≠n-cn°pw. aq∂p h¿jsØ tImgvkv, Fw.F. ]mkm-bn-cn-°Ww F∂ \n_-‘\ bqWn-th-gk v n‰n AwKo-I-cn-°p∂ Hcp ssKUns‚ Iogn¬ am{Xta {]h¿Øn-°m-hq F∂ \n¿_‘w, {]_‘w C∂ coXn-bnte Fgp-Xn-°q´q F∂ \n¿_‘w Hs° amd-W-sa∂v F≥. IrjvW-]n≈ ]dbp∂p. ''hnjbw GtXm Bbn-s°m≈s´, \ΩpsS \m´nse GXp tImWnen-cp-∂m-bmepw Hcp cwKsØ hn⁄m\sØ Hc-Sn-sb-¶nepw aptºm´p \bn°-Ø° hn[-Øn¬ Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw Fgp- X p- I bpw {]Im- i n- ∏ n- ° pIbpw sNbv-Xn-´p-≈-h¿°m-bn-cn-°Ww Hcp k¿∆-I-em-ime G‰hpw D∂-X-amb _ncpZw \¬tI-≠Xv. Zo¿L- I m- e sØ hnZym- ` ymk {]h¿Ø-I≥ F∂ \ne-bnepw hnZym`ym-ka - fi e - Ø - n¬ ASn-°Sn D≠m-bns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ At\Iw ]cn-Wm-aß-fpsS km£nbpw A\p-`-h-ÿ\pw ]¶m-fnbpw F∂ \ne-bnepw s]mXp hnZym-`ymk cwK-sØ-∏‰n hf-sc-tbsd Imcy- ß ƒ Irjv W - ] n≈ ]d- ™ n´pap≠v, Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-ap≠v. Zo¿L-amb Hcp `m-jWw Ah-km-\n-∏n-®Xv Cßs\-bm-bn-cp∂p. "[oc \qX-\-amb Hcp temIw krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn\v Bh-iyap≈ hnZym-`ym-km-Z¿i-߃ AXn-at\m-l-c-amb `mj-bn¬ hnkvX-cn-s®gp-Xn-bn-´p≈ F{Xtbm dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ AXn-{]-Ke - v`c - mb hnZym-`ymk hnN-£W¿ Fgp-Xn-bXv \ap°p In´n-bn-´p≠v. \hw_¿ 2011

]t£ hnZym-`ymkw, \√ Pohn-X-Øn\m- h - i y- a mb ]uc- k w- k v°mcw, sXmgn¬ kwkv°mcw Chsb F√mw IqSn ka-\z-bn-∏n®p-sIm-≠p≈ Hcp {]h¿Ø-\] - c - n-]mSn \ap-°p-≠m-bn-´n√. hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ {]mY-an-Im-hiyw, ]Tn-°p-∂h - \v Adn-bWw F∂ tamlhpw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-h\v Adn-bn-°Ww F∂ XrjvWbpw D≠m-bn-cn-°pI F∂Xm-sW-¶n¬, C∂v AXp \nt»jw ImWm-\n√ F∂p ]d-bmsX hø." hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-\p-th≠n _UvP-‰n¬ \o°n-h-bv°p∂ XpI-bpsS A]-cym]v X X, Iem- e - b m- ¥ - c o- £ - Ø nse cmjv{So-bmXn{]kcw, ]mT-]p-kvXI - ß - fpsS \ne-hm-c-°p-dhv, ]co£m k{ºZm- b - Ø ns‚ ]nghv , GXp- s am∂pw Nn¥n-°msX ASn-°Sn sNøp∂ ]co£-W-߃, hnZym-`ymk {]h¿Ø-IcpsS PmXn-a-X-h¿K-h¿W-t`Z Nn¥Iƒ, A[ym-]-I-cpsS Akz-ÿ-X-Iƒ XpSßn Ht´sd {]iv\ß - ƒ°p ]cn-lmcw ImtW- ≠ - X m- b n- ´ p- s ≠∂v Irjv W ]n≈ ]d-bp∂p. Hmtcm A[ym-]-I\pw hnZym¿∞nbpw Xt‚-Xmb Hcp ]T-\] - ≤ - Xn Bhnjv°-cn-t°-≠-Xns‚ Bh-iy-I-X-sb∏‰n IrjvW-]n≈ ]d-bp-∂p≠v. ]mTy]-≤-Xn°v A∏pdw t]mIp∂ hmb-\bn-eqsS am{Xta Hcp-h\v am\-knI hnImkw D≠m-hp-I-bp≈q F∂pw At±lw \n¿t±- i n- ° p∂p. tIc- f k¿°m¿ ae-bmf k¿∆-I-em-ime ÿm]n-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®n-cn-°p∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬, F≥. IrjvW-]n≈ Im¬\q-‰m-≠p-apºv Ah-sb-∏‰n ]d™-Imcyw {]k-‡-amWv. ""B k¿∆I-em-im-e-bn¬ ¢mkp-Itfm hnZym¿∞n- I tfm A≤ym- ] - I tcm ]co- £ Itfm Un{Kn-Itfm H∂pw D≠m-bn-cn°p- I - b n√. Iptd- t ∏¿ Kth- j Ww sNøp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ sNbvXp-sIm-≈s´. ]t£ A°q- ´ ¿ Hu]- N m- c n- I - a mb tbmKy-X-I-tfmsS \n›n-X-amb Hcp Ime-L´- Ø - n-\Iw Kth-jWw \SØn {]_‘w Ah-Xc - n-∏n-®p-t]m-IW - s - a∂v bmsXmcp \nb-ahpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibn√. {]mb-t`-Z-sat\y, _ncp-Z-t`-Zsat\y, Kth-j-W-Øn¬ XmXv]-cyap≈ B¿°pw F{X-Imew thWtam AhnsS Kth-jWw \SØmw. AXn\p-XIØ° hÆw tIcf kw_-‘amb F√m hnj-b-ßfpw ]Tn-°p-∂Xn\v ]cym-]vX-amb Hcp {KŸ-ti-Jcw Cu k¿∆-I-em-im-e-bn¬ D≠m-bncn°pw. Ccp-]-Øn-\mep aWn-°qdpw AXp Xpd-∂n-Sp-Ibpw Pn⁄m-kp-°ƒ Ah-cpsS kuI-cyw-t]mse AhnsS {]h¿Øn- ® p- s °m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- I bpw sNøpw. tIc- f - k w- _ - ‘ - a mbn F-

s¥√mw hnj-b-ß-fmImw F∂-Xns‚ ka-{K-amb Hcp ]´nI Cu k¿∆-Iem-im-e-bn¬ D≠m-bn-cn°pw. tIcf ]cm-a¿i-ap≈ F√m tcJ-I-fp-sSbpw hnh-c-Wm-fl-I-amb Hcp C≥UIvkv Cu tI{µ-Øn¬ ImWpw. ]ªn-t°j≥kv F∂ hn`m-K-Øn-\m-bn-cn°pw a‰p hn`m-K-ß-sf-°mƒ ap≥Xq°w. kmln-Xy-Øn¬ ae-bm-f-Øn¬, B[p\n-I-Imew hsc D≠m-bn-´p≈ F√m {][m\ ]pkvX-I-ßfpw kap-Nn-X-amb ]T-\-ß-tfmsS kwtim-[n-X-ß-fmbn. hf-sc-°mew kq£n-°-Ø° coXnbn¬ A®-Sn®p {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-IbmWv ]ªn-t°-j≥kv hn`m-K-Øns‚ Hcp {][m\ tPmen. as‰mcp tPmen, tIcf Ncn-{X-sØbpw kwkv°m-csØbpw Ipdn-®p≈ A{]-Im-in-X-ßfmb F√m tcJ-Ifpw shfn-®Øp sIm≠p-h-cpI F∂-XmWv. C°q-´Øn¬ cmjv { S- X {¥w, kmº- Ø nI Imcy- ß ƒ, kmaq- l n- I - i mkv { Xw, \m\m-Xcw cmPy-hn-`-h-߃ XpSßn F√m hnj- b - ß - s fbpw kw_- ‘ n°p∂ tcJ-Iƒ D≠mIpw. ]ªn-t°j≥ Ign-™m¬ As√-¶n¬ AXpt]mse Xs∂ {][m-\-amb Hcp hIp∏m- b n- c n°pw t^mIv t em¿ AYhm \mS≥ kwkv ° m- c - h n- ⁄ m- \ obw. CXp kw_-‘n®v \nb-an-°-s∏-Sp∂ Bfp-Iƒ Cu hnj-b-Øns‚ hnim-eamb taJ-e-I-fn¬\n∂pw hkvXp-XIfpw Adn- h p- I fpw kº- Ø p- I fpw tXSn I≠p-]n-Sn-t°-≠h - c - mWv. hmkvXh- Ø n¬ Ah¿ P\- a - [ y- Ø n- e m- b ncn°pw Pohn-t°≠n hcpI. ]g-ºm-´pIƒ, ]g- s ©m- √ p- I ƒ, ]g- ¶ - Y - I ƒ, BNm-ca - c - ym-ZI - ƒ, aXm-\p-jvTm-\ß - ƒ, ]qPm-hn-[n-Iƒ, t£{X \n¿ΩmW hn[߃. Cßs\ C\nbpw hf-sc-∏-d-bm\p-≠mhpw t^mIvtem-dns‚ D≈-S-°sØ--∏‰n. C\n-sbmcp hn`mKw tIc-fob Zriy-I-e-I-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈-XmWv. tIcf-N-cn-{X-]-T\w as‰mcp hn`m-K-am°mw. Cßs\ Rm≥ k¶-ev∏n-°p∂ k¿∆I-em-im-e-bpsS kzcq-]-sØ-∏‰n Hcp ZnKvZ¿i\w am{Xta Ct∏mƒ \S-Øm\mhq. F{Xtbm ]fin-X-∑m¿ H∂n®p-tN¿∂n-cp∂v KmV-ambn Nn¥n®v A¥n-a-cq]w \¬tI≠ H∂m-WnXv. H∂p Xo¿®. CXp-hsc D≠m-bn-´p≈ \ΩpsS Hcp k¿∆-I-em-im-ebv°pw km[n-°mØ hn[w tIcf kwkv°mc-tØmSp \oXn-°m-´p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw Cu k¿∆-I-em-ime. Hcp Xc-Øn¬ ]d- ™ m¬ CXv tIc- f - k w- k v ° mc hnj-b-I-amb Hcp D]-cn-]-T-\-tI-{µamWv.'' F{X \qX-\hpw Nnt¥m-±o-]-Ihpw ^e-Zm-b-I-hp-amWv Cu k¿∆-I-emimem Nn¥-Iƒ Ft∂m¿°mw.

21


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

hkvXp \nIpXn ]cnjvIcWw \S]-Sn-{I-aß - ƒ sI. {]im¥v Ipam¿

hkvXp\nIpXn ]cnjv°cW-Øn-s‚bpw \nIpXn \n¿ÆbØns‚bpw \S]Sn{IaßfmWv Cu Ipdn∏n¬ N¿® sNøp∂Xv.

tI

cfØnse {Kma ]©mbØp-Ifpw \Kck`Ifpw GXm≠v c≠p ]Xn‰m≠pIfpsS CSthfbv°p-tijw hkvXp \nIpXn ]cnjv°cWw \SØp∂Xn\p≈ \S]SnIƒ bp≤Im-em-Sn-ÿm\Øn¬ kzoIcn®p hcpI-bm-Wt√m. hkvXp \nIpXn ]cnjv°c - WØns‚ kab{Iaw kw_‘n®v 20.10.2011se k.D.(km)\w.2414/2011/Xkz`h {]Imcw k¿°m¿ am¿§\n¿-t±i-߃ ]pds∏Sphn®p Ign™p. hkvXp\nIpXn ]cnjv°cW-Øn-s‚bpw \nIpXn \n¿ÆbØns‚bpw \S]Sn{IaßfmWv Cu Ipdn∏n¬ N¿® sNøp∂Xv. 1994se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv BIv‰nse 203, 207 hIp∏pIfpw 1996se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv (\nIpXn \n¿Æbhpw CuSm°epw A∏oepw) N´ßƒ, 2011se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv (hkvXp\nIpXnbpw tkh\ D]\nIpXnbpw k¿Nm¿Ppw) N´ßƒ XpSßnbhbmWv hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿-ÆbØn¬ {]k‡amb \nb-ahpw N´ßfpw. 203˛mw hIp∏n\v 2009¬ hcp-Ønb t`ZKXn aptJ\ sI´n-Sßsf hkvXp \nIpXn NpaØp∂ Bhiy-Ønte°mbn ]m¿∏nS BhiyØn\p-≈h, hymhkmbnI BhiyØn\p-≈h XpSßnb hnhn[ hn`mKßfmbn Xcw Xncn®ncn°p∂p. sI´nSßfpsS XdhnkvXrXnbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ sI´nSw ÿnXn sNøp∂ ÿeØn-s‚bpw AXns‚ \n¿ΩnXnbpsS LS-IßfpsSbpw ASnÿm\Ønep≈ CfhpIfpw h¿≤\hpIfpw IqSn IW-°n-seSpØv hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿-Æbn°p∂Xn\v hyhÿ sNbvXncn-°p∂p. BIv‰nse hyhÿIƒ°\pkrX-ambn 14.01.2011se k.D.(A) \º¿ 20/2011/Xkz`h {]Imcw 2011se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv (hkvXp-\nIp-Xnbpw tkh\ D]\nIpXn bpw k¿Nm-¿Ppw) N´ßfpw k.D.\º¿ 19/2011/Xkz`h {]Imcw Hmtcm C\w sI´nSß-ƒ°pw _m[Iamb ASn

22

ÿm-\ hkvXp \nIpXn \nc°pIfpw hn⁄m]\w sNbvXn´p≠v. N´ßfpw \nc°pIfpw 14.01.2011tem AXn\p-tijtam \nIpXn \n¿Æbn® sI´nS-߃°v DSs\bpw \nehnep≈ sI´nSß-ƒ°v 01.04.2011 apXepamWv _m[Iw. hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw \SØp∂ hn[w sI´nSØns‚ Xd hnkv X o¿- Æ sØ ]©mbØv {]tZiØv {]kvXpX C\w sI´nS߃°v \n›bn®n´p≈ ASn-ÿm\ hkvXp\nIpXn \nc°p sIm≠v KpWn®m¬ B sI´nSØns‚ ASn-ÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn e`n°pw. AtXmsSm∏w hnhn[ LSIßsf ASnÿm\am°nbp≈ CfhpIfpw h¿≤\hpIfpw hcpØnb tijw In´p∂ XpIbmWv sI´nSØns‚ hm¿jnI hkvXp \nIpXn. Xmsg∏dbp∂ LSIßfmWv hkvXp \nIpXn-bn¬ hcpØp∂ CfhpIƒ°pw h¿≤-\hpIƒ°pw ]cnKWn°p∂Xv. CfhpIƒ 1. sI´nSw ÿnXn sNøp∂ taJe˛ ]©mbØv {]tZisØ {]Ya taJe, ZznXob taJe, XrXob taJe F∂nßs\ Xcw Xncn-°p-∂p. ZznXob taJebn¬ ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXnbn¬ 10 iX-am-\hpw XrXob taJebn¬ 20 iX-am\hpw Cfhv A\phZn-°p∂p. 2. s]mXphgn kuIcyØns‚ ASn-ÿm\Øn¬ H∂c ao‰tdm AXn¬ Ipdthm hoXnbp≈ \S∏mXbn¬ \n∂v {]thi\am¿§w ˛ 15 iXam\w Cfhv s]mXphgn C√m-ØXpw sshZypXn sse≥ FØm-ØXp-amb {]tZiw ˛ 30 iXam\w Cfhv 3. XdhnkvXo¿ÆØns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ 75 N.ao‰dn¬ Xmsg ˛ 25 iXam\w Cfhv 75 N.ao‰dn¬ A[n-Ihpw 125 N.ao‰dn¬ Xmsg-bpw ˛ 10 iXam\w Cfhv 4. ta¬°qcbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv HmSv, jo‰v, Hme, ]p√v Ch sIm≠v \n¿Ωn® ta¬°qc ˛ 10 iXam\w Cfhv 5. Ime∏g°Øns‚ ASnÿm\-Øn¬ 10 h¿jw apX¬ 25 h¿jw hsc ]g°w ˛ 10% Cfhv 25 h¿jw apX¬ 50 h¿jw hsc ]g°w ˛ 20% Cfhv 50 h¿jØn\p ta¬ ]g°w ˛ 50% Cfhv h¿≤\hpIƒ 1. s]mXphgn kuIcyØns‚ ASn- ÿ m\Øn¬ \mjW¬ sslth, tÉv sslth, H∂mw Xcw tdmUv F∂nhbn¬ \n∂v {]thi\am¿§w ˛ 30% h¿≤\hv 2. Pn√m tdmUp-Iƒ, c≠mw-Xcw tdmUp-Iƒ F∂nh-bn¬ \n∂v {]th-i-\-am¿§w ˛ 20% h¿≤-\hv 3. XdhnkvXo¿ÆØns‚ ASnÿm-\Ø -- n¬ 200 N.ao. apX¬ 300 N.ao‰dn¬ Xmsg ˛ 10% h¿≤\hv 300 N. ao‰dpw AXn¬ A[nIhpw ˛ 20% h¿≤\hv 4. Xd \n¿ΩnXnbpsS ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ta¬Øcw XSn, am¿_nƒ, {Kmss\‰v, hn{Snss^Uv/ t•kvUv ssS¬ XpS-ßnb hnetbdnb km[\߃ sIm≠v \n¿Ωn® Xd ˛ 15 iX-am-\w h¿≤\hv 5. Npa¿ \n¿ΩnXnbpsS ASnÿm-\Øn¬ ta¬Øcw XSn XpSßnb hne-tbdnb km[\߃ sIm≠v \n¿-Ωn® Npa¿ ˛ 15 iXam\w h¿≤\hv 6. Fb¿ I≠oj\nwKv kuIcyap-≈Xv ˛ 10% h¿≤\hv 7. D]tbmK kz`mhØns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Øn¬ hmSIbv°v \¬Inbncn°p∂Xv ˛ 50% h¿≤\hv dntkm¿´v, Ãm¿tlm´¬, akmPv]m¿e¿ ˛ 75% h¿≤\hv ta¬∏d™ CfhpIfpw h¿≤\-hp-Ifpw A\phZn°p∂Xn\p≈ LS-I-߃ ]cnKWn°ptºmƒ Xmsg∏dbp∂ \n_‘\Iƒ _m[IamWv.  s]mXphgn kuIcyw IW°m°p-tºmƒ Hcp sI´nSØns‚ apºnepw hiØpambn c≠pXcw tdmUpIƒ Ds≠¶n¬ Ahbn¬ {][m\s∏´ tdmUn¬ \n∂v {]thi\am¿§w D≈Xmbn IW°m°Ww  Hcp {][m\ tdmUn¬ \n∂v 10 ao‰¿ am{Xw ZqcØnep≈Xpw {]kvXpX tdmUn¬ \n∂v {]thi\ am¿§w C√mØXpamb sI´nS-Øn\v {]kvXpX tdmUn¬ \n∂v {]thi\ am¿§ap≈Xmbn IW°m-°Ww.  sI´nSØns‚ tIm¨{Io‰v ta¬-°q-cbv°p apIfn¬ as‰mcp Xm¬-°menI ta¬°qcbps≠¶nepw sI´nSØns‚ inev]`wKn h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂Xn\mbn ta®ntemSv t]mse-bp≈ hkvXp°ƒ ]Xn∏n-®n-´p-s≠¶nepw ta¬°qc tIm¨-{Io‰v sIm≠p≈Xmbn IW°m°pw.  Ime∏g°w kw_‘n®v sXfnhp-Isfm∂pw Cs√¶n¬ AXns‚ ASn-ÿm\Ønep≈ Cfhv A\ph-Zn-°n√.  ta¬°qcbpsS \n¿ΩnXn, XdbpsS \n¿ΩnXn, Npacns‚ \n¿ΩnXn F∂o LSIßfn¬ H∂ns‚ H∂ne[nIw Xc߃ Hcp sI´nSØn\v _m[I-am-Ip∂psh¶n¬ BsI Xd hnkv-Xo¿ÆØns‚ ]IpXnbne[nIw `mKØn\v _m[Iamb XcsØ ASnÿm\am°n Cfthm h¿≤\-thm A\phZn°p∂XmWv.  a‰p LSIßfpsS H∂ne[nIw Xc-߃ Htc sI´nSØn\v _m[I-amsW¶n¬ AXXv `mKØn\v _m[Iamb hkvXp\nIpXn sht∆sd IW°m°n B sI´nSØns‚ samØw hkvXp \nIpXn IW°m-°Ww.  hmWnPy˛Hm^okv Bhiy߃- ° p- ] tbmKn°p∂ _lp\ne sI´n-Sß - ƒ°v `q\nc∏n\p apIfnep≈ Hmtcm \nebv°pw AXXp \ne-bv-°v IW°m°nb hkvXp \hw_¿ 2011

\nIpXnbpsS 5 iXam\w F∂ tXmXn¬ ]cam-h[n 25 iXam\w hsc Cfhv A\p- h - Z n°pw. AXmbXv `q\nc∏n\p apIfnep≈ \nebv°v 5, AXn\p apIfnep≈ \nebv ° v 10 iXam\w F∂nßs\ ]camh[n 25 iXam\w hsc Cfhv e`n°pw. CØcw Hcp _lp\ne sI´nSØns‚ `q\nc∏n\p apIfnep≈ BdmaXv \ne apX¬ apIfnep≈ F√m \neIƒ°pw 25 iXam\w hoXw Cfhv e`n°pw. CfhpIfpsSbpw h¿≤\hp-Ifp-sSbpw IqSnb ]cn[n  Hcp sI´nSØns‚ hkvXp\nIpXn IW°m°ptºmƒ A\phZn°m-hp∂ BsI Cfhv ASnÿm\ hkvXp\nIpXnbpsS 75 iXam\-Øn¬ A[nIamIm≥ ]mSn√.  ]m¿∏nSmhiyØn\p≈ sI´nSß-fpsS hkvXp \nIpXn ]p\¿\n¿Æ-bn°ptºmƒ sXm´papºv \nehn-ep≈ hkvXp\nIpXnbpsS 60 iX-am\Øne[nIw h¿≤\hv hcm≥ ]mSn√. F∂m¬ sI´nSØn\v Fs¥-¶nepw am‰w hcpØnbn´p-s≠-¶n¬ Cu hyhÿ _m[Ia√. sI´nSßfpw AhbpsS XdhnkvXo¿Æhpw hkvXp \nIpXn NpaØp∂Xn-\mbn sI´nSßfpw AhbpsS XdhnkvXo-¿Æ - hpw ]cnKWn°ptºmƒ {i≤nt°≠ Imcy߃ ChbmWv.  sI´nSØns‚ ta¬°qcbp≈ `mK-Øns‚ F√m \neIfnepap≈ Xd\nc∏ns‚ Npa¿I\w Dƒs∏sS-bp-≈ hnkvXo¿ÆamWv {]kvXpX sI´nSØns‚ XdhnkvXo¿-Æ-ambn IW°mt°≠Xv.  Hcp ]pcbnSØn¬ ÿnXn sNøp-∂Xpw ]ckv]cw _‘s∏SpØn \n¿Ωn®n´p≈X√mØXpamb sI´nSßsf hyXykvX sI´nSß-fmbn IW°m°Ww.  Hcp sI´nSØns‚ hyXykvX `mK-߃ hyXykvX D]tbmK{Ia-߃°v D]tbmKs∏SpØp∂p-sh¶n¬ Ahbv°v sht∆sd sI´n-S-\º¿ \¬IWw.  Hcp sI´nSØns‚ hyXykvX `mK-߃ sht∆sd hy‡n-IfpsS DSa-ÿXbnemsW¶ntem sht∆sd sI´nS \ºdpIƒ \¬Inbn´ps≠-¶ntem {]kvXpX `mKßsf sht∆-sd sI´nSßfmbn IW-°m°n hkvXp\nIpXn \n¿Æbn-°Ww.  Hcp sI´nSØns‚ hyXykvX `mK-߃ sht∆sd sI´n-Sßfmbn IW-°m°ptºmƒ AXns‚ GsX-¶nepw `mKw s]mXp D]tbm-KØn\mbn \o°nh®n-´ps≠¶n¬ B `mKØns‚ XdhnkvXo¿Æw B\p]m-XnIambn a‰p `mK-ß-fpsS XdhnkvXo¿ÆtØmSp Iq´nt®¿°Ww.  {][m\ sI´nSØn¬ \n∂v thdn´v ÿnXn sNøp∂ I°qkv, hndIp-]pc, ImensØmgpØv, ]£nI-ƒ°pw arK߃°pap≈ IqSv, Im¿ sjUv, ]ºv lukv F∂nh t]mep≈ sI´nS߃ {]tXyI sI´nSambn IW°mt°≠Xn√m-ØXpw AXns‚ XdhnkvXo¿Æw Dƒs∏SptØ≠Xn√mØXpamWv.  sI´nStØmS\p_‘n®p≈ Im¿t]m¿®ns‚ hnkv-Xo¿Æw Xd hnkvXo¿ÆØn¬ Dƒs∏SptØ-≠Xn√.  sI´nStØmS\p_‘n®p≈ kznΩnwKv ]qfns‚ hnkvXo¿Æw Xd hnkvXo¿ÆØn¬ Dƒs∏SptØ-≠XmWv. ]©mbØv XeØn¬ kzoIcnt°≠ \S]SnIƒ ta¬∏d™ {]Imcw hkvXp\n-IpXn ]p\¿\n¿Æbw \SØp∂Xn\v ]©mbØv XeØn¬ Xmsg∏dbp∂ \S]SnIƒ kzoIcnt°≠Xp≠v. 1. taJeIfmbn Xcw Xncn°¬  hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿ÆbØn\mbn ]©mbØv {]tZi-

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv 1994se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv BIv‰nse 203, 207 hIp∏pIfpw 1996se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv (\nIpXn \n¿Æbhpw CuSm°epw A∏oepw) N´ßƒ, 2011se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv (hkvXp\nIpXnbpw tkh\ D]\nIpXnbpw k¿Nm¿Ppw) N´ßƒ XpSßnbhbmWv hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿-ÆbØn¬ {]k‡amb \nb-ahpw N´ßfpw.





 

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sØ {]Yaw, ZznXobw, XrXobw F∂nßs\ XcwXncn°Ww. XmcXtay\ hnIknXamb {]tZi-߃ {]Ya taJebmbpw hnIk-\km≤yXbp≈ {]tZi߃ ZznXob taJebmbpw a‰p {]tZi-߃ XrXob taJebmbpw Xcw Xncn°Ww. taJeIfpsS XcwXncnhv kw_-‘n®v s]mXpP\ßfpsS Bt£-]m`n{]mb߃ £Wn®psIm-≠p≈ t\m´okv Bt£]߃ ka¿∏n°p∂Xn\v 30 ZnhksØ kabw \¬Ins°m≠v {]kn≤s∏-Sp-ØWw. Bt£]߃ 15 ZnhkØn\Iw Xo¿∏m°n taJeIƒ A¥naambn \n›bn°Ww. A¥naambn \n›bn® taJe-Isf kw_‘n® t\m´okv ]©m-bØv t\m´okv t_m¿Unepw a‰v s]mXpÿeßfnepw ]Xn®v ]ckys∏SpØWw. tdmUpIfpsS XcwXncnhv \mjW¬ sslth, kwÿm\ sslth, Pn√m tdmUpIƒ F∂nh HgnsIbp≈Xpw A©p ao‰dne-[nIw hoXnbp≈Xpamb tdmUp-Isf H∂mwXcw, c≠mw Xcw F∂n-ßs\ XcwXncn°Ww. \mjW¬ sslth, kwÿm\ sslth F∂nhbpsS {]m[m\y-tam \nehmctam D≈hsb H∂mw-Xcambpw a‰p≈hsb c≠mw XcambpamWv Xcw Xncnt°≠Xv. \mjW¬ sslth, kwÿm\ sslth, Pn√m tdmUpIƒ, H∂mw-Xcw tdmUpIƒ, c≠mw Xcw tdmUpIƒ F∂nhbpsS hnhcw t\m´okv t_m¿Un¬ {]kn≤-s∏-Sp-ØWw. ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn \nc°v \n›bn°¬ Hmtcm C\w sI´nS߃°pw {Kma ]©mbØv {]tZiØv NpatØ≠ ASnÿm\ hkvXp\nIpXn \nc°pIƒ \n›bn°p∂Xn\p≈ {]mY-anI \n¿t±i߃ kw_‘n® t\m´o- k v s]mXpP\ßfpsS Bt£]m`n{]mb߃ ka¿∏n-°p∂Xn\v 30 ZnhksØ kabw \¬Ins°m≠v {]kn≤s∏Sp-ØWw t\m´okv B^okv t\m´okv t_m¿-Unepw ]©mbØv {]tZiØv {]Nmcap≈ Hcp Zn\∏{XØnepw ]©mbØv \n¿t±in°p∂ a‰p ÿeßfnepw {]kn≤s∏SpØWw. {Kma]©mbØv A¥naambn \nivNbn°p∂ ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn \nc°pIƒ kw_‘n® hn⁄m]\w B^okv t\m´okv t_m¿Unepw ]©mbØv {]tZiØv {]Nmcap≈ c≠p Zn\∏{X-ßfnepw ]©mbØv

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\n¿t±in- ° p∂ a‰p ÿeßfnepw {]kn≤s∏SpØWw. sI´nS߃°v \º¿ \¬I¬ hkvXp\nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_-‘n® \S]SnIfpsS `mKambn Hmtcm {Kma ]©mbØpw AXns‚ {]tZiØv \nehnep≈ sI´nS-߃°v \nehnep≈ hm¿USnÿm-\Øn¬ ]pXnb sI´nS \º¿ \¬tI≠Xp≠v. 8.5 sk.ao. \ofw 5.5 sk.ao. hoXn 0.3 an.ao.I\ap≈ ]n.hn.kn. tπ‰n¬ a™ {]XeØn¬ IdpØ A£cØnemWv \º¿ tπ‰v Xøm-dmt°≠Xv. Hcp \º¿ tπ‰n\v ]camh[n 3.50 cq] hnebmbn \¬Imhp∂XmWv. \º¿ tπ‰v ]Xn°p∂Xn\v 3.00 cq]bpw sNehgn°mw. hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_-‘n® s]mXp t\m´okv \¬I¬ ASnÿm\ hkvXp\nIpXn \nc°v \nivNbn°¬, taJem \n¿-Æbw, tdmUpIfpsS XcwXncnhv F∂o \S]Sn{Ia߃ ]q¿Ønbm-bn-°-gn-™m¬ hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_‘n® dnt´¨ ka¿∏n°m≥ sI´nS DSaItfmSv Bhiys∏´psIm≠p≈ s]mXpt\m´okv {]kn≤s∏SpØmhp-∂XmWv. dnt´¨ ka¿∏n°p∂Xn\v Adp]Xv ZnhksØ kabw A\phZn°Ww. t\m´okn\v hym]Iamb {]NmcWw \¬tI≠Xpw AXns‚ kw£n-]vXw ]©mbØv {]tZiØv {]Nm-cap≈ c≠p Zn\∏{Xßfn¬ {]kn-≤s∏SptØ≠XpamWv. hkvXp\nIpXn dnt´¨ kzoIcn-°¬ hkvXp\nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_-‘n® s]mXp t\m´okv {]kn≤o-I-cn®v 60 ZnhkØn\Iw F√m sI´nS DSaIfpw dnt´¨ ka¿∏n-°Ww. \ymbamb ImcWßfn¬ kab-]cn[n 30 Znhkw hsc Zo¿Ln∏n®p \¬Imw. F∂m¬ Cu Imebf-hn¬ \nIpXn bYmkabw \¬Im≥ IgnbmsX h∂mep≈ ]ng \¬-Im≥ sI´nS DSa _m≤yÿ\m-bn-cn°pw. sI´nS DSabv°v hkvXp \nIpXn dnt´¨ ka¿∏n°ptºmƒ ssI-∏‰p ckoXv \¬IWw. dnt´Wnse hnhc߃ hkvXp\nIpXn dnt´¨ cPnÃdn¬ tcJ-s∏SpØWw. sI´nS DSa ka¿∏n® dnt´¨ ]cn-tim[n®v hkvXp \nIpXn Xmev-°menIambn \n¿Æbn°m-hp-∂Xpw {]kvXpX hnhcw DSasb Adnbnt°≠XpamWv. sI´nSßfpsS hnhctiJcWhpw hkvXp\nIpXn \n¿Æbhpw sI´nS DSa \¬Inb dnt´Wns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ hkvXp \nIpXn XmXv°menIambn \n¿Æbn® tIkpIfn¬ sk{I´dn A[nImc-s∏SpØnb DtZymKÿ≥ Bdp amkØn\Iw sI´nSsØ kw_-‘n® hnhc߃ ÿeØp t]mbn tiJcn°Ww. tiJcn® hnhcØns‚ ASnÿm-\Øn¬ hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw t`ZKXn sNøpItbm kvYnc-s∏Sp-ØpItbm sNømhp∂XmWv. hnhctiJcWØn\v Hmtcm hoSn\pw 8 cq] \nc°n¬ \¬Imw. tiJcn°p∂ hnhc߃ A∂∂p Xs∂ k©b tkm^v‰vshbdn¬ Um‰m F≥{Sn \SØpIbpw sNøWw. hkvXp\nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_-‘n® hnhc߃ hkvXp\nIpXn \n¿Æb cPnÃdnepw Unam‚ v cPn-Ãdnepw tcJs∏SpØn kq£n-°Ww. hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æb \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv cPnÿ, Unam‚ v cPnÿ F∂n-hbn¬ hnhc߃ tcJs∏SpØp-∂Xn\v Hcp sI´nSØn\v Hcp cq] \nc°n-¬ XpI sNehgn°mhp-∂XmWv. 8. Unam‚ v t\m´okv \¬I¬  hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbn®p Ign-™m¬ \nIpXn NpaØp∂Xn-\mbn \n¿±njvS ^mdØnep≈ Unam‚ v t\m´okv sI´nS DSa-bvt°m GP≥dnt\m \¬In t\m´okns‚ ]I¿∏n¬ ssI∏‰v ckoXv hmßWw.

a‰p hyhÿIƒ \nbam\pkrXa√mØ sI´nS߃  \nbam\pkrXa√msX \n¿Ωn® sI´nS߃°v {]tXyI \º¿ \¬In {]tXyI cPnÃdn¬ tcJ-s∏SpØn kq£nt°≠XmWv. "bp.F.'F∂pw A\[nIrX \n¿ΩmWØns‚ h¿jhpw tN¿ØmWv \º¿ \¬tI≠Xv.  hkvXp \nIpXn NpaØp∂Xn\-√msX a‰p bmsXmcmhiyØn\pw \º¿ D]tbmKn°m≥ ]mSn√.  Unam‚ v t\m´okn¬, hkvXp\n-IpXn NpaØp∂Xp aqew sI´nS \n¿ΩmWw {Iah¬°cn°-s∏´-Xmbn IW°m°mhp∂Xs√∂pw \S]SnsbSp°p∂Xn\v CXv XS -ambncn°ns√∂pw sI´nSw s]mfn-®p-am‰p∂Xphsc hkvXp \nIpXn HSp°m≥ _m≤yÿambn-cn°psa-∂pap≈ hnhc߃ tcJs∏Sp-ØWw.  \nbam\pkrXa√mØ sI´nS-߃ hym]mcØnt\m hyhkmb-Ønt\m D]tbmKn°p∂Xn\v A\paXntbm ssek≥tkm \¬-Im≥ ]mSn√. sI´nSØnepw D]tbmK{IaØnepap≈ am‰ßƒ  hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿ÆbØn\p tijw sI´nSØns‚ XdhnkvXo¿-ÆØntem D]tbmK{IaØntem at‰sX¶nepw LSIßfntem D≠mIp∂ am‰w kw_‘n® hnhcw 30 ZnhkØn\Iw sI´nS- DSa sk{I´dnsb tcJmaqew Adnbn°Ww. hkvXp \nIpXn HSp°¬  hm¿jnI hkvXp\nIpXn c≠v A¿-≤hm¿jnI KUp°fmbn HSp-t°≠XmWv. AXXv A¿≤h¿jw Ahkm\n°p∂ XobXn-bntem AXn\paptºm Htcm KUphpw HSp°nbncn°Ww.  hm¿jnI hkvXp\nIpXnbpsS c≠v KUp°fpw BZy A¿≤-h¿jw Xs∂ H‰ØhWbmbn HSp°p∂Xn\v XSkan√. ssIhi°mc\n¬ \n∂v \nIpXn  sI´nS DSa hkvXp\nIpXn HSp-°p∂Xn¬ hogvN hcpØnbm¬ ssIhi°mct\mSv 15 Znhk-Øn¬ IpdbmØ Imebfhn\p-≈n¬ \nIpXn HSp°m≥ Bhiy-s∏Sm-hp∂XmWv. \nIpXn HSp°p-hm≥ ssIhi°mc≥ _m≤yÿ-\mbncn°p∂Xpw HSp°nb XpI DSabn¬ \n∂v Abmƒ°v CuSm-°m-hp∂XpamWv. A∏oepw dnhnj\pw, Hgn™pInS-°p∂ sI´nSØn\v \nIpXn Cfhv, DSaÿXbnep≈ am‰w, sI´nSw s]mfn®p IfbpItbm ]pXp°n∏-WnbpItbm sNø¬ apXembh kw_‘n®v \nehnep≈ hyhÿ-Iƒ Gsd°psd am‰an√msX ]pXnb N´Ønepw XpScp∂p. tkh\ D]\nIpXn  sI´nSw ÿnXn sNøp∂bnStØm AXns‚ kao] {]tZitØm G¿-s∏SpØn-bn´p≈ tkh\߃°v hkvXp \nIpXnbpsS \n›nX \nc°n¬ tkh\ D]\nIpXn Npa-Øm-hp∂-XmWv.  Hcp {]tZisØ sI´nS߃°v tkh\w e`yam°p∂n\hw_¿ 2011

s√∂ Imc-WØm¬ B {]tZisØ sI´nS-ßsf tkh\ D]\nIpXn HSp°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂v Hgnhm°mhp∂XmWv.  tkh\ D]\nIpXn Xmsg∏d-bp∂ \nc°n¬ Ipdbm≥ ]mSn√. {Ia tkh\w Ipd™ \nc°v \w. 1 ipNnXz ]cn]me\w hkvXp \nIpXnbpsS 4% 2 PehnXcWw hkvXp \nIpXnbpsS 3% 3 sXcphp hnf°pIƒ hkvXp \nIpXnbpsS 2% 4 s{Ubnt\Pv hkvXp \nIpXnbpsS 1%  tkh\ D]\nIpXn \n¿Æb-Øn\pw hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_‘n® \S]Sn{Ia߃ _m[-IamWv. ]ng Npaج hnhn[N´ßfpsS ewL\Øn\v ]ng NpaØp∂Xn\v hyhÿbp≠v. AhbpsS hnhcw Xmsg tN¿°p∂p. {Ia \w.

ewL\Øns‚ hnhcw

in£

1

sk{I´dnbpsS At\zjWØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬Xn´s∏SpØnb hkvXp \nIpXn, dnt´¨ {]Imcap≈ hkvXp \nIpXnsb°mƒ 5 % apX¬ 10% hsc A[nIamsW¶n¬

A[nI XpIbpsS Cc´n

2

sk{I´dnbpsS At\zjWØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ Xn´s∏SpØnb hkvXp-\nIpXn, dnt´¨ {]Imcap≈ hkvXp \nIpXn-sb°mƒ 10% A[n-Iam-sW¶n¬

A[nI XpIbpsS ]Ønc´n

3

A\phZn°s∏´ kab]cn- BZysØ 10 Znh[n°Iw hkvXp \nIpXn dnt´- ksØ ImeXmakØn\v˛ 50 cq] ¨ ka¿∏n°mXncp-∂m¬ 11 apX¬ 30 Znhkwhsc ImeXmakØn\v˛ 100 cq] XpS¿∂p≈ ImeXmak-Øn\v˛ Hmtcm ZnhkØn\pw 10 cq] hoXw

4

sI´nSØns‚ XdhnkvXo¿ÆØntem D]tbmK{Ia-Øntem hcpØnb am‰w bYmkabw Adnbn°m-Xncp-∂m¬

]pXp°nb hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw aqeap≠mIp∂ \nIpXn h¿≤-\hv Ipd™Xv 1000 cq]

5

sI´nSØns‚ ssIam‰w kw_‘n®v \n›nX kab Øn-\Iw sk{I´dn°v t\m´okv \¬Ip∂Xnt\m tcJIƒ lmPcm°p∂Xnt\m hogvN hcpØnbm¬

]camh[n 500 cq]

6

bYmkabw hkvXp \nIpXn HSp°nbns√¶n¬

_‘s∏´ A¿≤h¿jw Ahkm\n® tijw {]Xnamkw Hcp iXam\w

\nIpXn Hgnhmbn´p≈ sI´nS߃ Xmsg∏dbp∂ hn`mKw sI´nSßsf hkvXp \nIpXn-

25


]©m-b-Øv cmPv hkvXp {Ia \º¿ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

\nIpXn ]cnjvIcWw˛kab{Iaw \S]Sn

kab]cn[n

taJemhn`P\w, \nIpXn \nc°v \n›bn°¬, tdmUpIfpsS XcwXncnhv˛ t\m´okv {]kn≤oIcn°¬ \º¿ tπ‰v hm߬ taJem hn`P\w, \nIpXn \nc°v, tdmUpIfpsS XcwXncnhv˛-A¥naambn \n›bn°¬ \nIpXn \n¿Æbw kw_‘n® s]mXp Adnbn∏v sI´nSßfn¬ \º¿ tπ‰v ]Xn°¬ sI´nS DSaIƒ dnt´¨ ka¿∏nt°≠ Ahkm\ XobXn Akkvsa‚ v cPnÿ Xømdm°¬ \nIpXnZmbI¿°v Unam‚ v t\m´okv \¬I¬

30.10.2011 30.11.2011 30.12.2011 10.01.2012 20.01.2012 31.01.2012 15.02.2012 29.02.2012

bn¬ \n∂pw Hgnhm°p∂Xn\v 1994se tIcf ]©mbØv cmPv BIv‰v, 207˛mw hIp∏p{]Imcw hyhÿ sNbvXncn°p∂p.  s]mXp Bcm[\bv°pw A\p_-‘mhiy߃°pw \o°nh®n´p-≈Xpw bYm¿∞Øn¬ A{]Imcw D]tbmKn°p∂Xpamb sI´nS-߃.  k¿°m¿, FbvUUv As√¶n¬ k¿-°m¿ [\klmbtØmsS {]h-¿Øn°p∂ hnZym`ymk ÿm]-\-ßfpsS hnZym`ymk BhiyØn-\p-]tbmKn°p∂ sI´nSßfpw {]kv-XpX ÿm]\Ønse hnZym¿-∞nIƒ Xmakn°p∂ tlmì sI´nSßfpw.  tcmKnIƒ°v kuP\yambn NnIn’ e`yam°p∂ BXpcmeb߃.  AKXnIƒt°m A\mY¿t°m imcocnI am\knI sh√phnfn t\cn-Sp∂h¿t°m amcItcmKnIƒ-t°m arK߃t°m A`bw \¬-Ip-∂Xpw [¿ΩImcy߃°v D]tbmKs∏SpØp∂Xpw F√m P\- h n`m- K ߃°pw {]thi-\w \¬Ip-∂Xpamb sI´nS߃.  s]mXpP\߃°v {]thi\ap≈ {KŸimeIfpw hmb\imeIfpw Ifnÿeßfpw.  {]mNo\kvamcIßfpw hmkKrl-ßfmtbm s]mXp-Hm^okp-Ifmtbm D]tbmKn°mØ AhbpsS `mKß-fpw.  ihw AS°pIbpw Zln∏n°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ ÿe-߃.  Xt±i kzbw`cW ÿm]\ß-fp-sS hItbm hn´pIn-´n-b ÿm]\ß-tfmSv A\p_‘n®tXm Bb sI´nS-߃.  Zmcn{ZytcJbv°v Xmsgbp≈hcpsS hmkKrlambn D]tbmKn°p∂ 30 N.ao‰dn¬ Xmsgbp≈ sI´nSw.  k¿°mtcm A¿≤k¿°m¿ ÿm]--\ßtfm t£a {]h¿Ø\-ßfpsS `mKambn kuP\yambn \n¿Ωn®psImSpØ hoSpIƒ. hmSI CuSm°p∂ sI´nSß- ƒ - ° pw hnZym`ymk ÿm]\߃, {KŸ-imeIƒ apXembhtbmSp tN¿∂p≈ hmkKrl߃°pw ta¬∏-d™ Cfhv _m[Ia√. a¨`nØn-tbmSp IqSnbXpw Hmetbm GsX-¶nepw `mcw Ipd™ jot‰m ta™ ta¬°qctbmSp IqSnbXpw Ccp]Xv N.ao.¬ IpdhmbXpamb hmkKrl-ß-ƒ°v A\phZ\obambncp∂ Cfhv 2009se t`ZKXntbmsS \nehnen√m-XmbXn\m¬ IpSn¬ F∂ \nebn¬ am{Xw GsX¶nepw sI´nSØn\v \nIpXn Hgnhm°p∂Xn\v hyhÿ-bn√. hkvXp \nIpXnbn¬ Hgnhm°-s∏´ Zmcn{ZytcJbv°p Xmsgbp≈hcpsS sI´nSßsf kw_‘n®v ^mdw \º¿ 2Fbnep≈ dnt´¨ ka¿∏n-t°-≠XmWv. ]pXpXmbn \n¿Ωn°p∂ sI´nSßfpsS hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw ]pXpXmbn sI´nSw ]WnbpItbm ]pXp°n∏WnbpI-

26

tbm sNøp∂bmƒ ]Wn ]q¿ØnbmhpItbm D]tbmKn°pItbm sNøp∂ XobXn apX¬ 15 ZnhkØn\Iw AXp kw_‘n® t\m´okpw hkvXp\nIpXn dnt´Wpw \¬tI≠XmWv. tI{µ k¿°mcns‚ DSaÿXbnep≈ sI´nS߃°v k¿∆okv Nm¿Pv tI{µ k¿°mcns‚ DSaÿX-bn-ep≈ sI´nS߃°v ipNnXz]cn]m-e\w, PehnXcWw, sXcphp hnf°p-Iƒ, s{Ubnt\Pv F∂o tkh\߃ ]q¿ÆtXmXn¬ e`yam°p∂psh¶n¬ sI´nSØn\v IW°m°s∏Smhp∂ hkvXp\nIpXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw `mKnIambn e`yam°p∂psh¶n¬ 50 iXam\hpw tkh\ßsfm∂pw {]tXyIambn e`yam°mØ kwKXn-bn¬ 331/3 iXam\hpw k¿∆okv Nm¿Pmbn CuSm°mhp∂XmWv. hkvXp \nIpXn \n¿Æbw ˛- DZmlcW߃ 1. {]Ya taJebn¬ ÿnXn sNøp∂ ]m¿∏nSmhiyØn\p≈ sI´nSw. \mjW¬ sslthbn¬ \n∂v {]th-i\am¿§w. Im¿t]m¿®v Dƒ-∏sS 150.4 N.ao Xd hnkvXo¿Æw. Im¿ t]m¿®n\v 23 N.ao. Xdhnkv-Xo¿-Æap≠v. tIm¨-{Io‰v ta¬°qc, Xd t•kvUv ssS¬kv ]mInbXv. 2008¬˛-\n¿Ωn® sI´nSØns‚ \ne-hnep≈ hkvXp \nIpXn 1296 cq]. ]©mbØv {]tZiØv _m[Iamb ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn \nc°v 6 cq]. sI´nSØns‚ Xd hnkvXo¿Æw ˛ 127.4 N.ao. ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn ˛ 127.4 x 6 = 764.40(765 cq]) CfhpIfpw h¿≤\hpIfpw CfhpIƒ C√. h¿≤\hpIƒ hgn kuIcyØns‚ ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛ 30% Xd \n¿ΩnXnbpsS ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛ 15% BsI h¿≤\hv ˛ 45% = 765 x 45% = 344.25 cq] sI´nSØns‚ ]pXp°nb hm¿jnI hkvXp \nIpXn = 765+344.25=1109.25 = 1110 cq] 2. ZznXob taJebn¬ Pn√m tdmUn-t\mSp tN¿∂p≈ hkvXphnep≈ hmkKrlØns‚ BsI Xd hnkv-Xo¿Æw 324.6 N.ao. tIm¨{Io‰v ta¬-°qc, {Kmss\‰v Xd. sI´nSw hmS-Ibv°v sImSpØncn°p∂p. \nehnep≈ hkvXp \nIpXn 1944 cq]. HSphn¬ \nIpXn \n¿Æbn°s∏´ tijw sI´nSØntem D]tbmK{Ia- Ø ntem am‰w hcpØnbn´n√. sI´nSØns‚ Xd hnkvXo¿Æw ˛ 324.6 N.ao. ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn ˛ 324.6 x 6 ˛ 1947.6(1948 cq]) CfhpIfpw h¿≤\hpIfpw CfhpIƒ C√. \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv sI´nSßfpsS hn`mKßfpw AhbpsS ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn \nc°pIfpsS ]cn[nIfpw {Ia sI´nSßfpsSbpw D]hn`mKßfpsSbpw ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn \º¿ hnhcWw \nc°ns‚ ]cn[nIƒ (cq]) Ipd™Xv IqSnbXv 1 ]m¿∏nS BhiyØn\p≈h 3 8 2 hmWnPymhiyØn\p≈h tlm´epIƒ, dÃmd‚pIƒ, tjm∏pIƒ, tKmUuWpIƒ (1)100 N.ao. hsc XdhnkvXo¿Æap≈h 30 60 (2)100 N.ao. \p apIfn¬ 50 70 kq∏¿am¿°‰pIƒ, tjm∏nwKv amfpIƒ (3) 200 N.ao. hsc XdhnkvXo¿Æap≈h 30 60 (4) 200 N.ao. \p apIfn¬ XdhnkvXo¿Æ 70 90 ap≈h (5) _¶pIƒ, s]´n°SIƒ, Iºyq´¿ 30 60 sk‚dpIƒ, ^yph¬ tÃj≥ 3 B^okv BhiyØn\p≈h 30 50 4 hnZym`ymk BhiyØn\p≈h 3 8 5 Bip]{XnIƒ 3 8 6 Akwªn sI´nSw, I¨sh≥j≥ sk‚¿, 20 40 BUnt‰mdnbw, kn\nam Xotb‰¿, IeymW afi]w, temUvPv 7 hyhkmb BhiyØn\p≈h (1)ssIØdn sjUv, Ib¿]ncn sjUv, 10 20 Iiph≠n ^mIvSdn sjUv, tImgn hf¿Ø¬ sjUv, ssehv tÃm°v sjUv, IcIuie \n¿ΩmW sjUv, ]´p\q¬ sjUv, tÃmtdPv sjUv, ]oenwKv sjUv, ssIsØmgn¬ sjUv, CjvSnI®qf, XSnan√v (2) CXc hyhkmb߃°p≈h 40 60 8 dntkm¿´pIƒ 80 90 9 Aayqkvsa‚ v ]m¿°v 20 40 10 samss_¬ sSet^m¨ Sh¿ 400 500 h¿≤\hpIƒ hgn kuIcyØns‚ ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛20% Xd \n¿ΩnXnbpsS ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛ 15% D]tbmK{IaØns‚ ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛ 50% BsI h¿≤\hv = 85% = 1948 x 85% = 1655.8 cq] HSphn¬ \nIpXn \n¿Æbn°s∏´ tijw sI´nSØntem D]tbmK{Ia-Øntem am‰w hcpØnbn´n√m-ØXn\m¬ h¿≤\hns‚ ]cn[n \nehnep-≈ \nIpXnbpsS 60% h¿≤\hv˛ 1944 x 60% = 1166.4 cq] sI´nSØns‚ ]pXp°nb hm¿jnI hkvXp \nIpXn= 1944+1166.4=3110.4=3111cq] 3. {]Ya taJebn¬ ÿnXn sNøp∂ {Xo Ãm¿ tlm´¬. Xd hnkvXo¿Æw 3124.6 N.ao. tIm¨-{Io‰v ta¬°qc, Xd {Kmss\‰pw t•kvUv ssS¬kpw, apdnIƒ ]q¿Æambpw Fb¿ I≠oj≥ sNbvXXv. kwÿm\ sslthtbmSp tN¿∂v ÿnXn sNøp∂p. 2000am≠n¬ ]Wn ]q¿Ønbm°nb sI´nSØns‚ \nehnep≈ \nIpXn 194400 cq]. ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn \nc°v˛60 cq] \hw_¿ 2011

sI´nSØns‚ Xd hnkvXo¿-ÆsØ ]©mbØv {]tZiØv {]kvXpX C\w sI´nS߃°v \n›bn®n´p≈ ASn-ÿm\ hkvXp\nIpXn \nc°p sIm≠v KpWn®m¬ B sI´nSØns‚ ASn-ÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn e`n°pw. AtXmsSm∏w hnhn[ LSIßsf ASnÿm\am°nbp≈ CfhpIfpw h¿≤\hpIfpw hcpØnb tijw In´p∂ XpI-bmWv sI´nSØns‚ hm¿jnI hkvXp \nIpXn ************* ]©mbØv {]tZi-sØ {]Ya taJe, ZznXob taJe, XrXob taJe F∂nßs\ XcwXncn-°p-∂p. ZznXob taJebn¬ ASn-ÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXnbn¬ 10 iX-am-\hpw XrXob taJebn¬ 20 iX-am\hpw Cfhv A\phZn-°p∂p.

sI´nSØns‚ Xd hnkvXo¿Æw ˛ 3124.6 N.ao. ASnÿm\ hkvXp \nIpXn ˛ 3124.6 x 60 ˛ 187476 cq] CfhpIfpw h¿≤\hpIfpw CfhpIƒ Ime∏g°Øns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ ˛ 10% BsI Cfhv ˛ 10% = 187476 x 10% = 18747.6 cq] h¿≤\hpIƒ hgn kuIcyØns‚ ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛30% Xd \n¿ΩnXnbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ ˛ 15% Xd hnkvXo¿ÆØns‚ ASnÿm\-Øn¬ ˛ 20% Fb¿I≠oj≥ kuIcyØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ ˛ 10% Ãm¿ tlm´¬ ˛ 75 % BsI h¿≤\hv ˛ 150% = 187476 x 150% = 281214 cq] sI´nSØns‚ ]pXp°nb hm¿jnI hkvXp \nIpXn = 187476˛18747.6+281214=449942.4 =449943 cq] te-J-I≥ ]pfn-amØv ]©m-bØv sk{I-´-dn-bm-Wv t^m¨ : 9447452664

27


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

(Ah-km-\-`m-Kw) AUz: sI. ]pjv]-cm-P≥ BNmcn

s]¿an‰v d±v sNø¬ sI´nS\n¿ΩmWw \S-Øp-∂-Xn\v \¬Inb s]¿an‰v d±p-sN-øm-\p≈ \S]Sn{Iaßfpw AXoh Pm{K-X-tbm-sS-bmWv ]men-t°-≠Xv. hym]m-c˛-hy-h-kmb-߃°p \¬Ip∂ ssek≥kv t]mse sI´nS \n¿ΩmW s]¿an-‰p-Ifpw At]£-I\v Nne Ah-Im-iß - ƒ \¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. s]¿an‰v kºm-Zn-®-tijw [\-kam-l-c-Ww, kma-{Kn-Iƒ Hcp-°¬, \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\m-h-iy-amb a‰p Xøm-sd-Sp∏v \S-ج, \n¿Ωm-W-{]-h¿Ø\w Bcw-`n-°¬ apX-em-bh s]¿an‰v tlmƒU-¿ \S-Øn-bn-cn-°mw. \nb-a] - c - a - mb \S-]S- n-{I-aß - ƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-bt- ijw am{Xta s]¿-an‰v d±p sNbvXpsIm≠v DØ-chv ]m m-- °m≥ \nbaw A\p-hZ- n°p∂p-≈p. As√-¶n¬ DØ-chv Akm-[p-hm-°s - ∏-Spw. AXn-\m-bp≈ L´-߃ Xmsg-]d - b - p∂-hb - mWv.v (1) At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´v ka-{K-ambn Xøm-dm-°p-I. (2) ImcWw ImWn-°¬ t\m´okv \¬IpI. (3) t\cn¬ tIƒ°pI. (4) adp-]Sn/samgn ]cn-tim-[n-°pI. (5) A¥na DØ-chv ]m m-°pI. t\m´okv \¬InbmWv ÿe-]-cn-tim-[\ \S-Øp-∂-sX-¶n-¬ AXv al- dns‚ Xe-s°-´n¬ kqNn-∏n-®n-cn-°W - w. ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂Xv Xma-ka - m-°n-b sI´nS-am-sW-¶n¬ t\m´okv \¬In-bn-cn-°-Ww. sI´n-S-Øns‚ ssIh-i-°m-c-\m-Wv t\m´okv \¬tI-≠Xv. adn®v DSabv°√. 1994 se tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv \nbaw 241˛Dw X’w-_-‘-am-°n-bn-´p≈ tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv (sd-kv{Sn£≥kv B‚ v I≠o-j≥ -- kv Hm¨ Z ]th¿kv Hm^v F≥-{Sokv B≥dv C≥kvs]£≥) N´-߃, 4 A\p-kc - n®mWv t\m´okv \¬-tI-≠X - v. Ipd-™Xv 24 aWn°q¿ t\m´okv \¬In-bncn-°Ww. As√-¶n¬ sI´n-SØ - n¬ {]th-in-°m≥ ssIhi-°m-cs‚ kΩXw Bh-iy-am-Wv.

28

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv ÿe]cn-tim-[-\bpw sI´nS ]cntim-[-\bpw \S-Øp∂ Xob-Xnbpw ka-bhpw dnt∏m¿´n¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-cn-°-Ww. am{X-hp-a√ ssk‰ns‚ semt°-j≥ Nn{Xo-I-cn-°-Ww. `qanbpsS k¿t∆ \º¿ ImWn-®n-cn-t°≠- X m- W v . tdmUv / \S- ∏ m- X , tXmSv F∂n-h-bp-s≠-¶n¬ AXn¬ tN¿∂v InS-°p∂ hkvXp-hns‚ Zn°v hy‡am-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. a‰v AXn¿Øn-IfpsS Zn°pw sXm´-SpØ hkvXp-hns‚ DS-a-bpsS t]cpw tN¿Øn-cn-°-Ww. sI´nS\n¿ΩmWw Bcw-`n-®n-´p-≈tXm ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-btXm Bb sI´nS-`m-K-ßfpsStbm sI´n-S-ßfp-sStbm apgp-h≥ hnh-c-ß-fpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØWw. Ah Hcp kvsI®ns‚ klm--btØmsS hni-Z-am°pIbpw thWw. sI´n-S-Øns‚ \n¿ΩmW L´w tcJs∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw thWw. sI´n-SØ - ns‚ s]¿an‰v d±psNtø-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≈-XmsW-¶n¬ \n¿ΩmW kz`mhw, Xcw F∂n-hbpw d±p sNøp-∂-Xn\v Imc-W-ambn-´p≈ hni-Zmw-i-ßfpw al- -dn-¬ {]Xn-^-en-°-Ww.- sI´n-S-Øns‚ apºn¬ Xpd- mb ÿew N´-{]-Imcw F{X Bh-iy-am-sW∂v ]d-bp-Ibpw ]cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ ImWp∂ bYm¿∞ssZ¿Lyw F{X-bm-sW∂pw hy‡-am°p-Ibpw sNø-Ww. X≥aqew ewL\w D≠mb \nb-a` - mKw AhnsS {]Xn]m-Zn-®n-cn-°pIbpw th-Ww. apI-fn¬ ]d™ hn[w hni-Z-ambn Xøm- d m- ° nb al-   ¿ At\z- j W DtZym-K-ÿ≥ ssIsøm∏v h®v sk{I´-dn°v \¬I-Ww. sk{I-´d - n°v t\cn´pw At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´v Xøm-dm-°m-hp-∂Xm-Wv. sk{I-´-dnb√ dnt∏m¿´v Xømdm-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬ ASpØ \S-]-Sn-{I-a߃ Bcw- ` n- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p- a p- º mbn ssk‰v kµ¿in®v dnt∏m¿´v t_m≤ys∏-´ncn-°-Ww. s]¿an-‰n¬ \n∂pw hyXn-Ne - \ - a - mWv I≠p-]n-Sn-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬, A°m-c-WØm¬ s]¿an‰v d±v sNøm≥ ]mSn-√. hyXn-- N-e\w {Ia-h-ev°-cn-°m≥ \nba-]-c-ambn km≤y-am-Ip-∂-Xm-sW-¶n¬ s]¿an‰v d±v sNøp-∂Xv sX‰m-Wv. s]¿an‰v A\p-kc - n®v sI´nSw \n¿Ωn® thfbn¬ GsX-¶nepw `mKw \nb-a-hn-cp-≤ambn t]mbn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ s]¿an‰v d±v sNø-e-√- ]-cn-lm-c-am¿§w. AØcw `mKw s]mfn®p If-bp-∂-Xn\v s]¿an‰v \ne- \n¿Øns°m≠pXs∂, hIp∏v 235 Uªyq {]tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. At∏mƒ s]¿an-‰ns‚ \ne-\n¬∏n\pw tIm´w hcp-tØ-≠-Xn-√. s]¿an‰v tà sNøp-I, kkvs]≥Uv sNøp-I, d±p sNøpI F∂nh sk{I-´dn sNøp-tºmƒ Ah-[m-\X - t- bmsS Imcy-߃ ]Tn®v \hw_¿ 2011

Hcp Ãm‰yq-´dn AtXm-dn‰n DØ-ch - n-d°p-tºmƒ BZym¥yw AXv kzbw kwkm-cn-°p-∂X - m-bn-cn°Ww. DØ-chn¬ Bap-Ja- mbn GXv A-[n-Imcw D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv DØ-ch - n-d° - p-∂s- X∂v ]cm-a¿in-°Ww. t\m´okv cq]-Ønepw DØ-ch - n-d° - p-∂X - n¬ A]m-IX - b - n-√. DØ-ch - n-d° - p-tºmƒ X\n®pw kzX-{¥hp-amb A[n-Im-ca- p-]t- bm-Kn-®mWv AXv ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂sX∂v kzbw a\- n-em-°W - w. DØ-c-hn-d-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. tI´p- tIƒhnsb B{ibn®v s]¿an‰v tà sNøp∂\nc-h[n kw`-h-߃ D≠m-bn-´p-≠v. ]©m-bØv sk{I-´dn C°m-cyØn¬ {]tbm-Kn-°p∂ A[n-Im-c-Øns‚ \nb-a-`mKw ImcWw ImWn-°¬ t\m´o-kn¬ Bap-Ja - mbn ]d-™n-cn-°Ww. 2011 se tIcf ]©m-bØv _n¬UnwKv dqƒkv N´w 18 BWv s]¿an‰v d±v sNøp-∂-Xn\v sk{I-´-dn-am¿°v A[n-Imcw \¬Ip-∂Xv. F∂m-¬ Cu A[n-Imcw hfsc kq£n-®mWv FgpXn- tN¿Øn´p-≈-Xv. F¥n-\pw -GXn\pw s]¿an‰v tlmƒUsd iey-s∏-Sp-Ø-cpsX∂ Dt±-it- ØmsS Hcp ]cn[n \n›bn- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . AXn- \ p- ≈ n¬ \n∂p am{Xta s]¿an‰v d±p sNøm-≥ CSw \¬Ip-∂p-≈p. Ah Xmsg ]d-bp∂ hn[-am-W.v (1) Hcp s]¿an‰v \¬In-bX - n¬ ]niIp D≠m-bn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ (2) Hcp henb A_≤w s]¿an-‰n¬h∂p t]mbn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ (3) s]¿an‰v \¬tI≠n h∂Xv hkvXp--Xtbm, \nb-atam sX‰n-≤-cn-∏n®p-sIm-≠m-sW-¶n¬ (4) \n¿ΩmWw \S-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Poht\m kzØnt\m `oj-Wn-bmIp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ apI-fn¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈-sXm-gnsI a‰v Hcp ImcWw ImWn®pw tjmImkv t\m´o-kv \¬Im≥ ]mSn-√. C°m-c-Wß-fn¬ GsX-¶nepw Ht∂m H∂n¬IqSp- X tem Btcm]- W - ß ƒ D∂- b n°ptºmƒ AXv kphy-‡-ambn {]Xn]m-Zn-®ncn°-Ww. Ch-bn¬ (1)˛epw (2)˛epw hcm-hp∂ A_≤w kzbw sk{I-´-dn°p kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw. Akm--[m-c-W-amb kml-N-cyØn¬ h∂p tN¿∂Xpam-Imw. kmlNcyw hnh-cn-®psIm≠v ]niIv G‰p

]d--bp∂ t\m´o-km-bn-cn-°-Ww B kml- N - c y- Ø n¬ \¬tI- ≠ Xv. Aßs\ ]niIv G‰v ]d-bp∂Xn-¬ A]m-IX - b - n-√. F∂m¬ (3)˛¬ hcp∂ ImcWw s]¿an‰v kºm-Zn-®-bm-fns‚ ]ni- I p- s Im- ≠ mWv D≠mIp- ∂ - X v . Znt°m, πm\nse hnh-c-ßtfm At]£-bnse hni-Zmw-i-ßtfm ]cn-tim[n® thf-bn¬ sX‰n≤cn-∏n-®-Xp-sIm≠mImw. ad®p ]nSnt®m hf-s®m-Snt®m At]£ \¬In- b - X p- s Im- ≠ m- b ncn°pw s]¿an‰v \¬In t]mbn-´p≈-Xv. k¿t∆ \º¿ sX‰n-≤c - n-∏n-°p∂ hn[w \¬Ip-I, DS-aÿ - X kw_-‘n®v {]amW-ß-fntem tcJ-I-fntem Iy{Xn-aXzw hcpØn \¬IpI. InW¿˛I°q-kvSm¶v, aen-\-Pe kw`-c-Wn, {Ubn-t\Pv ]mtkPv , skkv]qƒ F∂nh kw_‘n- ® p≈ hnh- c - ß ƒ bYm¿∞ ÿnXn ad®p ]nSn- ® p \¬Ip- I , bYm¿∞ hkvXp-XI - ƒ°v \nc-°mØ hn[w \¬Ip- I F∂nh sIm≠v s]¿an‰v \¬In-t∏m-b-Xm-bn-cn°mw. ]m-X-Itfm s]mXp tdmUp-Itfm πm\n¬ ImWn°mXn-cn-°p-Itbm ad®p ]nSn-°p-Itbm hnkvXo¿Æw sX‰mbn tcJ- s ∏- S p- Ø p- I tbm semt°- j ≥ kvsI-- ®n¬ Bhiyamb hnh-c-߃ \¬Im-Xn-cn-°p-Itbm \¬Inb hnhcw sX‰mbn t]mhp- I tbm sNbv -X -XpsIm- ≠ m- I mw Nne- t ∏mƒ s]¿an‰v \¬In-bn´p-≈Xv. a‰v Nne-t∏mƒ \nba-`mKw _‘-s∏-´-X-√m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw _‘-s∏-´-Xm-sW∂v sX‰n-≤-cn-°m-\nS- b m- h p- I bpw sNøp∂ coXn- b n¬ πm\pw At]-£bpw tcJ-Ifpw \¬Ip-- Ibpw sNbvX-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°mw s]¿an‰v \¬In-t∏m-bn-´p-≈Xv. InWdpw I°qkv Sm¶pw XΩn-ep≈ AIew 7.5 ao‰¿ F∂Xv IW-°m-°p-∂X - n¬ ]niIv hc-Ø-°-hn[w sX‰n≤-cn-∏n®-Xp-sIm≠pw s]¿an‰v \¬Int∏mtb°mw. \nb-a] - c - a - mbn Xpd mbn hntS-≠p∂ AIew sX‰mbn tcJ-s∏-SpØn \¬In-b-Xp-sIm-≠pw s]¿an‰v \¬Int∏mtb°mw. ]∂nsb hf¿-Øp∂ bqWn-‰,v tImgn^mw \S-Øp∂ bqWn‰v, hmjnwKv bqWn‰v, Izm-dn-Iƒ, hym]mc hyh- k mb ime- I - ƒ F∂n- h - b n¬ \n∂pw ]cn-ÿnXn aen-\o-Ic - Ww D≠mtb-°mw. At∏mƒ AXns‚ {]`h ÿm\w tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv sX‰m-bncp-∂psh∂v I≠p-]n-Sn-®mepw s]¿an‰v d±v sNømhp-∂-XmWv. \n¿ΩmWw GsX-¶nepw Ce-I{v- SnIv sse\ns‚ km∂n≤yw sImt≠m \n¿ΩmWw \S∂ thf-bn¬ {]Iy-Xn-t£m`w sIm≠v XpS¿\n¿ΩmWw A]--I-SI-c-ambn h∂-Xp-sIm-t≠m D≠m-tb°m-hp∂ Imc-W-amWv \mema-Xmbn

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv hcp-∂Xv. \n¿ΩmW thf-bn¬ s]¿an‰v tlmƒU-sdtbm tPmen-°m-sctbm a‰p Ab¬hm- k n- I - s ftbm _m[n -°p-∂ A]-I-S-km-≤yX s]¿an‰v d±m°m≥ aXn-bmb Imc-W-am-Wv. `qanbpsS \n¿Ωm-WmhiyØn\v `qan-bn¬ \n∂pw aÆp- a m- ‰ n- b - t ∏mƒ Ab¬hmkn-bpsS `qant°m sI´n-S-Ønt\m kzm`m-hn-I-ambn D≠m-bn-cp∂ sImfm‰-d¬ kt∏m¿´v \jvSs - ∏´v t]mbmepw s]¿an‰v d±p sNøp-hm≥ aXn-bmb ImcW-ambn hcm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Pet{kmX p-If - psS InS∏p aqew \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v A]-IS- a - p-≠m-tb-°m-hp∂-Xm-sW-¶n¬ C°m-cWw Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°m-hp-∂-XmWv. \n¿Ωm-W{- ]-h¿Ø\w s]mXp-P\ - mtcm-KysØ {]Xn-Iq-e-ambn _m[n-°p∂p-sh∂v ImWp-Ib - m-sW-¶nepw \memaXp ImcWw aXn- b m- h p- ∂ - X m- W v . ImcWw hni-Z-ambpw ]c-kv]-c-_-‘nX-ambpw dnt∏m¿´p-If - psS _e-Ønepw A¿∞-i-¶-bv°nSbmIm-Ø-hn[hpw kzbw kwkm-cn-°p∂ coXn-bnepw {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°Ww. F¶n¬ am{Xta AXv \ne-\n¬°p-I-bp-≈p.- Im-cWw ImWn- ° m\p≈ kabw 2011 se tIcf ]©m-bØv _n¬UnwKv dqƒknse N´w 18se ¢n]vX-J-fiw A\p- kc - n®v 7 Znh-ka - mbn ]cn-an-Xn-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-´p-≠v. A-Xn-\m¬ sI´nS \n¿-ΩmW N´-ß-f-\p-k-cn®v t\m´okv ssI∏-‰nb XobXn apX¬ 7 Znh-kw C\n-ta¬ \¬In-bm¬ aXn-bmIpw.

kzm`m-hnI \oXn \¬Ip∂ coXn tjmtImkvv t\m´okv \¬I¬, \n¿±njvS ka-b-]-cn[nbn¬ adp-]Sn \¬I¬, t\cn¬ tIƒ°¬ F∂nhsb√mw kzm`m-hnI \oXn-bpsS ]cn[n-°p-≈n¬ hcp-∂-Xm-Wv. t\m´okv \¬In hni-Zo-Ic - Ww tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ Ime-ssZ¿Lyw Ãm‰yq‰v \n›-bn-®n-´ps≠-¶n¬ adp-]Sn \¬Im≥ B ImessZ¿Ly-Ønep]cn kabw A\p-h-Znt°-≠-Xn-√. C{]-Imcw ka-b-]-cn[n \n›-bn-®n-´n-s√-¶n¬ 15 Znh-k-amWv G‰hpw Ipd-™Xv \¬tI-≠-Xv. ASnb-¥-c-L-´-ß-fn¬ Bbm¬t]mepw 10 Znhkw \¬In-bn-cn-°Ww. As√-¶n¬ Ãm‰yq´v \njvI¿jn-°p∂ {]tXyI hyh-ÿ-b-\p-k-cn®v \S-]Sn \o°m-hp∂-Xm-Wv. sk{I´dn-bpsS DØ-chv Bbmepw IΩn-‰n-bpsS Xocp-am\w Bbmepw tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Xmsg ]dbp∂ LS-I-߃ AXn-ep-t≠m-sb∂v ss{S_yq-W¬ {][m-\-am-bpw t\m°mdp-≠v. (1). DØ-chv/Xocp-am\w kzbwkwkmcn-°p-∂-Xmbncn-°Ww. (2). A∏o¬ I£n/dnhn-j≥ I£n°v kzm`m-hnI \oXn \¬In-bncn°Ww. (3) adp-]S- n-bn¬ ]d-bp∂ F√m Imcyßfpw ]cn-K-Wn-®p- sIm-≠v Ahbn--≥t- a¬ icn-bmb hn[w Cd°nb I¨kn-tU¿Uv Hm¿U¿ Bbncn-

t\cn¬ tIƒ°¬ Hcp A¿≤ PpUojy¬ kz`m-h-Øn-ep≈ \S-]-Sn-bmWv. AXn-\m¬ Ak-ln-jvWp-Xtbm {i≤°p-dthm t\cn¬ tIƒ°p∂ Ah-k-cØn¬ sk{I-´dn h®p-]p-e¿Øm≥ ]mSn-√. Xpd∂ a\-t m-sSbpw ap≥hn-[nbn-√m-sXbpw ImcWw ImWn-°¬ t\m´okn¬ D∂-bn-®n-´p≈ Bt£-]-߃°v ASn-ÿm-\-ap-t≠msb∂v Xnc-°p∂ hn[am-bn-cn-°Ww lnb-dnwKv \S-tØ-≠Xv.

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°Ww A¥naambn Cd-t°-≠Xv DØ-chpIƒ t\m´okv cq]Ønepw \¬Im-hp-∂X - m-Wv. F∂m¬ t\cnt´m, cPn-ÿ sNbvtXm A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNø-s∏-´-bm-fn≥ta¬ \S-Øn-bn-´pt≠m F∂v Dd∏p hcp-Ø-Ww. IΩyqWn-- t°‰v sNømØ DØ-chv DØ-c-h√msX t]mIp-∂-Xm-Wv. AXv Ioibnse \mWbw t]mse-bm-Wv. \¬In°-gn-™m¬ am{Xta {]Xn-^ew {]Xo£n-t°-≠X - p-≈p. DØ-ch - p-Itfm Xocpam- \ - ß tfm bYm- h n[n \SØmsX ^b-en¬ kq£n-®-m¬ AXv D]-tbmK-iyq-\-am-Ipw. t\cn¬ tIƒ°p-∂-bm-fmWv DØc-hndt°≠-sX∂ \nb-a-XXzw ewLn°-s∏-S-cp-Xv. AXn-\m¬ t\m´okv Cd°m≥ GsX-¶nepw Iogp-tZym-Kÿ s\ \nb-a-{]-Imcw sUen-tK‰v sNbvXn-´ps≠-¶n¬ lnb-dnwKpw B DtZym-Kÿ≥ Xs∂ \S-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv icn-bmbn-´p≈ \S]Sn-{Iaw. sk{I-´dn t\m´okv Cd-°p-Ibpw t\cn¬ tIƒ°m≥ F≥Pn-\o-b-sdtbm kq{]-≠n-s\tbm at‰m `cta¬]n-°pIbpw sNøp-∂Xv icn-b√ - . t\cn¬ tIƒ°¬ Hcp A¿≤ PpUo-jy¬ kz`m-h-Øn-ep≈ \S-]-SnbmWv. AXn-\m¬ Ak-ln-jW v p-Xtbm {i≤-°p-dthm t\cn¬ tIƒ°p∂ Ahk-cØ - n¬ sk{I-´dn h®p-]p-e¿Øm≥ ]mSn-√. Xpd∂ a\-t m-sSbpw ap≥hn[n-bn-√m-sXbpw ImcWw ImWn-°¬ t\m´o-kn¬ D∂-bn-®n-´p≈ Bt£-]߃°v ASn-ÿm-\a - p-t≠msb∂v Xnc°p∂ hn[-am-bn-cn-°Ww lnb-dnwKv \StØ-≠Xv. lnb-dnwKv GsX-¶nepw IogptZym-Kÿ - t- \mSv Fgp-Xn-sb-Sp-°m≥ ]dbp-∂-Xn¬ sX‰n-√. F∂m¬ A{]Imcw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ hnh-c-߃ sk{I-´dn km£y-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xm-Wv. t\cn´v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-ep-Iƒ sNøp-∂XmWv DNnXw. F¥m-bmepw lnb-dnwKv tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb tijw AXv hmbn®p t\m°m\pw Fgp- X n- b Xv icn- h - ® v _‘s∏´ I£n-bn¬ \n∂pw H∏v hmßm\pw {i≤n-°Ww. C{]-Imcw H∏v hbv∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v aSn-°p-Itbm \nc--- kn-°p-Itbm lnb-dnw-Kn\p apºmbn lnb-dnwKv ÿew hn´p-t]m-hp-Itbm I£n sNb-vXm¬ A°mcyw samgn-bpsS Ah-km\w sk{I-´-dn°v tcJs∏-SpØn lnb-dnwKv t¢mkv sNøm-hp∂-Xm-Wv. A[n-Im-c-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-´-bm-fn\pw lnb-dnwKn¬ I£n-°p-th≠n lmPcmbn samgn \¬Im-hp-∂X - m-W.v F∂m¬ C{]-Imcw samgn \¬Ip-∂Xn\v I£nbpsS ASpØ _‘p-hns\ A\p-hZn-®m¬ aXn-bm-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. lnb-dnwKv \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv thf-bn¬ a‰v FXn¿I-£n-I-fp-s≠¶n¬ Ah¿°p ]d-bm-hp-∂Xv tcJ-s∏Sp-Øm-hp-∂X - m-Wv. F∂m¬ ]c-kv]cw tNmZyw sNøp-∂Xv A\p-h-Zn-t°-≠Xn-√. lnb-dnwKn\v hcm≥ km[n-°p∂n√msb¶n¬ Xy]vXn-Ic - a - mb ImcWw Ds≠∂v sk{I- ´ - d n°v t_m[yw h∂m¬ am{Xw as‰mc-hk - cw \¬Inbm¬ aXn-bmIpw. ImcWw ImWn-°¬ t\m´o-kn\v adp-]Sn IyXy-k-a-bØv \¬Im≥ _‘-s∏-´-bmƒ _m[y-ÿ-\m-Wv. Hcmƒ adp-]Sn \¬Ip∂Xn\p th≠n kabw Zo¿Ln∏n-®p-In-´m≥ At]£ \¬Inbm¬ AXv A\p-hZ- n-°W - s - a-∂n-√. adp]Sn IyXy--k-a-b-Øn\v \¬In-bn-s√-¶n¬ kabw Ign™v e`n-°p∂ adp-]Sn kzoI-cn-°-W-sa-∂n-√. F∂m¬ A¥na DØ-chnd-°p∂ XobXn \o≠p t]m-hp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ AXn\p apºmbn e`n® hni-Zo-I-cWw IqSn ]cn-K-Wn°p-∂-XmWv DNn-Xw. F∂m¬ adp-]Sn \¬Im-Xn-cn-°p-∂-bm-fn-t\bpw t\cn´v tIƒ°m≥ Ah-kcw \¬I-W-sa∂ \ne-bv°mWv N´w 18se ¢n]vXJ - fiw Fgp-Xn-]n-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. A-Xn-\m¬ t\cn¬ tIƒ°m≥ _‘-s∏´ F√mh¿°pw Ah-kcw \¬tI-≠-Xm-Wv. A¥na DØ-chv ]mkm-°p-∂-Xn-\p-apºmbn ÿe ]cn-tim-[\ \SØWsa∂v sk{I-´d - n°v A`n-{]m-ba - p≈ ]£w Aßs\ sNøm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ ImcWw ImWn-°¬ t\m´o-kn¬ ImWn-®n-´p≈ Bt£]w t`Z-KXn hcpØp Itbm ]pXnb Btcm-]Ww sIm≠ph-cp-Itbm sNø-W-sa-¶n¬ ho≠pw t\m-´okv \¬In-bn-cn-°Ww. A{]-Imc-ap≈ t\m´o-kn¬ ap≥ t\m´okv D≤cn- ® p- s Im≠v AXnse GsX√mw Bt£-]ß - ƒ°mWv t`Z-KXn hcp-Øp∂-sX∂pw GsX√mw `mK-amWv Hgn-hm°n-bn-´p-≈-sX∂pw GXp-`m-K-amWv ]pXn-b-Xmbn D-∂-bn-®n-´p-≈-sX∂pw hy‡-am-°n-bn-cn-°W - w. AXns‚ ASnÿm-\Ø - n¬ ho≠pw lnb-dnwKv Bhiy-ambn hcmhp-∂X - m-Wv. A¥na DØ-chv ]m m-°¬ C{]- I m- c - a p≈ \S- ] - S n- I ƒ°p tij-amWv A¥na DØ-chv ]pd-s∏Sp-hn-t°-≠-Xv. Btcm-]-W-߃°p≈ adp- ] - S nbpw AXv kw_- ‘ n- ° p∂ samgnbpw A¿≤ PpUo- j y¬ a\t msS ]cn-tim-[n-®mWv DØ-c-hn-dt°-≠X - v. Btcm-]W - ß - ƒ DØ-ch - n¬ Bh¿Øn- s ®- g p- X n- t ®¿t°- ≠ - X n- √ . ap≥t\m´okv D≤-cn®pw D∂-bn-®n´p≈ Btcm-]W - ß - f - psS A°w \nc-Ønbpw AXn- \ p≈ adp- ] - S nbpw samgnbpw F¥p-sIm≠mWv kzoI-mcy-am-Im-Ø\hw_¿ 2011

sX∂v hy‡-am-°nbpw A¥na DØchv ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°Ww. adp-]Sn Xy]vXnI-ca√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ \nc-kn-®n-cn-°p∂psh∂v am{Xap≈ {]Jym]\w \nba- ] - c - a mbn \ne- \ n¬°- Ø - ° - X - √ . ImcWw ]d™v Imcyw ]d-bp-∂ coXnbmWv Ah-ew-_n-t°-≠Xv. al- ¿, ap≥tcJ-Iƒ, ]pXn-b-Xmbn ]cn-tim[n® tcJ-Iƒ, samgn-If - nse sshcp-≤yw, \nba km[pX F∂n-h-sb√mw hnhcn®pw Jfin®pw Btcm-]Ww km[qI-cn-°W - w. Imcy-Im-cW klnXw hnhcn-°p∂ DØ-c-hns\ \nb-a-]-c-ambn I¨kn-tU¿Uv Hm¿U¿ F∂p ]dbpw A{]-Im-c-ap≈ DØ-chmWv A¥n-aambn \¬tI≠Xv. Hcp Ãm‰yq-´dn AtXm-dn‰n DØ-chn- d - ° p- t ºmƒ BZym¥yw AXv kzbw kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°Ww. DØ-c-hn¬ Bap-J-ambn GXv A-[nImcw D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv DØ-c-hn-d-°p∂-sX∂v ]cm-a¿in--°Ww. t\m´okv cq]- Ø nepw DØ- c - h n- d - ° p- ∂ - X n¬ A]m- -I-X-bn-√. DØ-c-hn-d-°p-tºmƒ X\n®pw kzX-{¥-hp-amb A[n-Im-c-ap]-tbm-Kn-®mWv AXv ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-sX∂v kzbw a\- n-em-°Ww. AXs√¶n¬ ]©m-bØv IΩn‰n-bpsS Hdn-Pn-\¬ A[n-Im-c-]-cn-[nbn¬s∏´tXm A√m- s Xtbm D≈ Xocp-am\w \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠nbp≈ DØ-c-hmtWmsb∂v hy‡-am°-Ww. C{]-Imcw th¿Xn-cnhv h∂Xv DØ-chnepw {]Xn^en-°-Ww. sk{I´-dn-bpsS X\n®pw kzX-{¥-hp-amb DØ-c-hm-sW-¶n¬ ]©m-bØv IΩn‰n-bpsS DØ-ch - nt\m Xocp-am-\Ø - nt\m hbv ° m≥ ]mSn- √ . BbXv tIcf ]©m-bØv cmPv BIvSv hIp∏v 185 _n A\p-k-cn®v \njn-≤-am-Wv. GsX-¶nepw ap≥ Xocp-am-\tam kmt¶XnI hnZ-Kv[-cpsS dnt∏m¿´pItfm IogvPoh-\-°m-cpsS dnt∏m¿´pItfm Bkv]-Z-am°n Hcp DØ-c-hn-dt°-≠X - m-sW-¶n¬ Ah ]cm-a¿in®pw hni-Zmw-iß - ƒ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®p-amWv DØc-hn-d-t°-≠-Xv. tjmImkv t\m´o-kns‚ XpS¿®-bm-sW-¶n¬ AXpw ]cma¿ihnj-b-am-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. Ahbv°p≈ adp-]Sn ka-bØv e`n-®ncpt∂m AXv bYm-hn[n ]cn-tim-[n®mtWm A¥na DØ-ch - n-d° - p∂-sX∂v hy‡-am-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. tjmImkv t\m´oknse Btcm-]-W-߃°p≈ adp-]Sn hnkvX-cn®v ]cn-tim-[n-°ptºmƒ t\m´okn¬ ]d- ™ n- ´ p≈ Btcm-]-W-߃ A¥na DØ-c-hn-¬ Bh¿Øn-s®-gp-tX-≠X - n-√. A{]-Imcw

Bh¿Øn-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ IS-∂p-IqSm- h p∂ sX‰p- I - f n¬ X´n- b p- e ™v A¥na DØ-c-hn\v £Xw kw`-hn-°phm≥ km[y- X - b p- ≠ v . AXn- \ m¬ tjmIm- k nse Btcm- ] - W - ß fpsS A°w Bh¿Øn®v A¥na DØ-chnse Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ \ncØn-h-bv°m-hp-∂-XmWv. adp-]Sn Xy]vXn-I-c-a-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ \nc-kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p F∂ {]tbmKw sk{I-´-dn-am¿ DØ-c-hp-I-fn¬ {]I-Sn∏n-°m-dp-≠v. \ne-hn-ep≈ \oXn-\ym-bhy-hÿ - b - \ - p-kc - n®v \oXn Dd-∏m-°p-∂hn[w adp-]Sn F¥p-sIm≠v Xy]vXnI-ca - s - √∂v {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°Ww. ASnÿm-\-am-°p∂ \nba`mKw D≤-cn-t°≠-Xm-Wv. AXn¬ sX‰p-Itfm ]niIp-Itfm D≠m-ImsX t]mIm≥ ]cam-h[n {i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-am-Wv. Is≠Ø-ep-Iƒ - \SØn DØ-ch - p-Iƒ ]m m°p-tºmƒ AXv Npcp-ßn-t∏m-ImsX aXn-bmb hn[w {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-t°-≠Xm-Wv. C{]-Im-c-ap≈ I¨kn-tU¿Uv Hm¿U¿ am{Xta \nb-a-]-c-ambn \ne\n¬°p-I-bp-≈p. CXv ]©m-bØv Xocp- a m\w tcJ- s ∏- S p- Ø ptºmgpw _m[I-amWv. Hmtcm Xocp-am-\hpw Hmtcm DØ-ch - p-If - m-W.v AXv icn-bmb hn[w N¿® sNø-s∏´v dnt°m¿Uv sNtø-≠-XmWv. am{Xhp-a√ hyIvX-amb `mj-bn¬ DØ-chv hnh-cn-®n-cn-°W - w. Btcm-]W - ߃ hSn-hmb A£-c-Øn¬ Fgp-Xnbn-cn-°Ww. As√-¶n¬ ssS∏v sNbvXv \¬Ip-∂-XmWv \√-Xv. sh´n-Øn-cp-Øep-Iƒ Hgn-hm-t°-≠-Xp-am-Wv. kzbw kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xpw ImcyImc-W-߃ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂Xpw F√m-hi - hpw ]cnK- W n- ° p- ∂ - X p- a mb DØ- c - h m- b n- c n°Ww A¥n-a-ambn ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-t°≠Xvv. Ffp-∏-Ønepw sNehv Ipd™ coXn-bn-epw \oXn \S∏mt°-≠p∂ `cW-Ønse G‰hpw sNdnb LS-Ia - mWv Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃. \o≠p \o≠p-t]m-Ip∂ X¿°-߃°v Ahkcw \¬Ip∂hn[w \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ {]mtZ- i nI `c- W - ÿ m- ] - \ - ß - f psS Np°m≥ ]nSn-°p-∂-h¿ FSp-°p-∂Xv icn-b√ - . AXv {]mtZ-inI `cW kn≤m¥-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-in-e-Isf ]nSn®p- I p- e p- ° m≥ CS- b m- ° n- t b- ° mw. Imcy-£-a-X-bn-√mØ \S-]-Sn-{I-a-߃ s]mXp- P - \ - ß sf A\m- h - i y- a mbn tImSXn Ib-‰m≥ Imc-W-am-°p-∂Xv A£-¥-hy-amb Ip‰-am-Wv. teJ-I≥ dn´-tb¿Uv ]©m-bØv tPmbn‚ v Ub-d-IvSdm-Wv t^m¨ : 9447248351

31


]©m-b-Øv cmPv sI. hnt\mZv Ipam¿

I¨kƒ´≥kn tkh\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ Hcp km[m-cW k¿°m¿ Hm^o-kn-\p-a-∏pdw _lp-ap-J-amb {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \S-tØ≠n hcp-∂ Xt±-i`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°v km[\ kma-{Kn-Iƒ hmßp-∂-Xn-\p≈ tI{µo-IrX kz`m-h-ap≈ tIcf tÃm¿ ]¿t®kv am\z¬ A\p- t bm- P y- a - s √∂ Is≠- Ø - e ns‚ XpS¿®- b m- b mWv , km[- \ - ß - f p- s Sbpw tkh- \ - ß - f p- s Sbpw e`y-am-°-en\v ]pXnb s{]mIyq¿sa‚ v am\z¬ k¿°m¿ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv

2010

(A-h-km-\-`m-Kw)

\hw-_¿ 8se 259/2010 Xkz-`h \º¿ k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hmbn ]pds∏Sphn® s{]mIyq¿sa‚ v am\z-ens‚ {][m\ khn-ti-jX - I - f - n-sem-∂v km[-\˛ kma-{Kn-Iƒ e`yam-°p-∂X - n-\pw s]mXp-ac - m-aØv {]hr-Øn-Iƒ \n¿∆-ln-°p∂- X n- \ pap≈ \S- ] Sn{Ia- ß ƒ ]pXp- ° p- ∂ - X n- s \m∏w I¨kƒ-´≥kn k¿∆okv e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ \S-]-Sn{I-aß - ƒ IqSn \n¿t±-in-®n-´p-≠v F∂-Xm-W.v ]cn-[n-bn-√msX `c-Wm-\p-aXn \¬Im≥ A[n-Im-ca - p≈ Xt±i kzbw-`c - W ÿm]-\-߃°v Gsd I¨kƒ´≥kn k¿∆okv IqSn Bh-iy-ambn hcp∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ CØcw \S-]-Sn-{Ia-߃ Hcp ASn-b¥-cmh-iy-hp-am-Wv. Db¿∂ \ne-hm-cØ - nep≈ tkh-\ß - ƒ e`y-am-°m≥ kml-Nc - y-sam-cp-°p-I, anXhy-bhpw Imcy-£-a-Xbpw kpXm-cy-Xbpw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-I, KpW-\n-e-hm-c-ap≈ tkh-\-߃ \¬Im≥ tijn-bp≈ hy‡n-I-ƒ°pw ÿm]-\-߃°pw Ah-k-c-߃ km[yam-°pI F∂n-h-bmWv CXn-eqsS am\z¬ e£y-an-Sp-∂-Xv.

coXn-Iƒ hy‡n-Iƒ \¬Ip∂ tkh-\ß - ƒ hy‡n-Isf G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\v sNtø≠ {]hr-Øn, tbmKy-X, sNtø-≠ {]hrØnbnse ap≥]cn-Nbw, Icm¿ \n_-‘\ - I - ƒ F∂nh ap≥Iq´n \n›-bn-t°-≠Xpw tZiob ˛ {]mtZ-inI ]{X-ß-fn¬ ta¬∏-d-™h ImWn®v ]ckyw sNtø-≠-Xp-am-Wv. e`n® At]-£-Iƒ ]cn-K-Wn®v \n_‘-\-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ dm¶v enÃv Xøm-dm°n Db¿∂ dm¶v e`n-®-bm-fp-ambn IqSn-°mgvN \SØn NpaXe \¬Im-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈ tkh-\-߃ ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈ tkh-\-߃ c≠v hn`m-KambmWv IW-°m-°n-bn-´p-≈-Xv. 1. c≠v e£-Øn\v apI-fn¬, F∂m¬ A©v e£-Øn\v Xmsg hcp-∂h.

32

2. A©v e£-Øn\v apI-fn¬ hcp-∂h - . CXn¬ H∂m-asØ hn`m-K-Øn-te°p≈ sXc-s™Sp∏v Fixed Budget Selection (FBS) As√-¶n¬ Least Cost Selection (LCS) coXn {]Im-chpw c≠m-a-tØ-Xv Quality and Cost Based Selection (QCBS) coXn {]Im-c-hp-amWv \S-tØ≠-Xv. Least Cost Selection (LCS) HmUn-‰nßv, efn-X-amb \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS Unssk≥ XpS-ßnb IrXy-ambn \n›-bn-®n-´p-≈Xpw km[m-c-W-hp-amb {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v th≠n ÿm]-\ßsf sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\mWv Cu coXn D]-tbm-Kn°m-hp-∂-Xv. CXn-\mbn BZyw sNtø-≠Xv tkh-\-Zm-Xm°ƒ°p-≠m-bn-cn-t°≠ \n›nX tbmKy-X-Iƒ (KpW-\ne-hmcw Dd-∏p-hc - p-Øp-∂X - n\v) ap≥Iq´n \n›-bn-°p-Isb∂Xm-Wv. sSIv\n-°¬, ^n\m≥jy¬ F∂nßs\ c≠v Ihdp-I-fn-embn s{]mt∏m-k-ep-I-ƒ kzoI-cn®v, sSIv\n-°¬ s{]mt∏mk-ep-Iƒ Xpd∂v \n¿W-bn® KpW-\n-eh - mcw D≈h- c psS (tbm- K y- X - I ƒ RFPbn¬ ImWn- ® n- c n- ° - W w) ^n\m≥jy¬ s{]mt∏m-k-ep-Iƒ ]c-ky-ambn Xpd∂v Ipd™ XpI Izm´v sNbvX-h-sc sXc-s™-Sp-t°-≠-XmWv. Quality and Cost Based Selection (QCBS) tbmKy-X-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS Npcp° ]´nI Xøm-dm°n Ah-cn¬ \n∂pw s{]mt∏m-kep-Iƒ kzo-I-cn®v sSIv\n-°¬ LS-I-߃-s°m∏w kmºØnI LS-Iß - ƒ - -°pw ap≥Xq°w (weightage) \¬In \SØp∂ sXc-s™-Sp∏v coXn-bm-Wn-Xv.

\S-]-Sn-{I-a-߃ Bh-iy-ap≈ tkh\w \n›-bn-°epw tkh-\-Zm-Xmhns\ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Xocp-am-\saSp-°epw \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv ÿm]-\Ø - n\v Bh-iy-amb tkh\w, e`y-am-t°≠ hnhcw, F∂nh Fs¥∂v hy‡-ambn Xncn-®-dn-bepw, AXn\v ÿm]-\-Øn\p ]pd-Øp-≈ hy‡n-I-fpsStbm ÿm]-\ß-fp-sStbm tkh\w Bh-iy-am-tWm-sb∂v Xocp-am-\-saSp-°-ep-amWv H∂mw-L´w. ]cn-K-W\m hnj-b-߃ Xøm-dm-°¬ (Terms of Reference - ToR) e`y-am-t°≠ tkh\w, hnhcw F∂nh kw_-‘n®v ÿm]-\Ø - n-\p≈ ImgvN∏ - mSpw Xm¬]-cyhpw hy‡-am°m\m-Wn-Xv. s{]mIyq¿-sa‚n-s‚ ASn-ÿm\ tcJ-bp-am-Wn-Xv. Hcp ToR tcJ-bn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-t°≠ LSI߃ C\n∏-d-bp-∂p. 1. ]≤-Xn-bpsS e£y-ßsf (objectives) kw_-‘n® {lkzamb hnh-cWw 2. {]m]v X - a m- t °≠ {]h¿Ø\ LS- I - ß ƒ F¥msW∂pw AXp GXp coXo-bn¬ Ft∏mƒ ]q¿Øn-bm°-W-sa-∂pap≈ hnh-c-ß-fpw. CXv ]´n-Ibmbn Xømdm-°p-∂-XmWpNnXw. 3. ÿm]\w \¬Ip∂ klmb kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw hnh-cßfpw. 4. tkh-\-Zm-Xmhv A¥n-a-ambn e`y-am-t°≠ ^ew (output).

5. tkh\ZmXmhns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-ßsf tamWn-‰¿ sNøp∂-Xn-\p≈ aq∂v t]cn-e-[n-I-am-hmØ kan-Xn-bpsS LS\. 6. tkh\ZmXmhv AX-Xp-k-abw \¬-tI≠ ]ptcm-KXn dnt∏m¿´p-Ifpw IcSv A¥na dnt∏m¿´pw kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xn\pw tamWn-‰d - nwKv \S-Øp-∂X - n\pw hni-Ie - \w sNøp∂-Xn-\p-ap≈ kwhn-[m-\w. 7. tkh-\-Zm-Xmhv, Cu ]≤Xn°mbn \nbp-‡-am-t°≠ XkvXn-I-I-fn¬ \ntbm-Kn-°p-∂-h-cpsS tbmK-y-X-b-S-°ap≈ hni-Zmw-i-߃ Bh-iy-sa-¶n¬ AXv GsXms° ]Z-hn-Isf kw_-‘n®v Bh-iy-am-sW∂ hnhcw. C{]-Imcw TOR Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xn¬ Hcp s]mXp cq]tcJ Xøm-dm-°n-shbv-°p-∂Xv DNn-X-am-bn-cn-°pw. FÃn-ta‰v Xøm-dm-°¬ (km-º-ØnI _m[y-X) tkh\w e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ kmº-ØnI _m[yX imkv{Xo-b-ambn Xøm-dm-°pI F∂p-≈Xv ]≤-Xn-bpsS hnP-bØ - n\v AXy-¥m-t]-£n-Xa - mWv. ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏n-\mh-iy-am-tb-°m-hp∂ t{kmX- p-I-fpsS thX\w, a\p-jyhn-`-h-ti-jn, klm-bI kwhn-[m-\-߃ XpSßn F√m LS- I - ß fpw ]cn- K - W n- ® p- s Im≠v bmYm¿∞y- t _m- [ tØmsSbmbn-cn-°Ww CXp Xøm-dm-t°-≠-Xv. Icm¿ coXn \n›bn-°¬ GXp Xc-Øn-ep≈ Icmdn-emWv G¿s∏-tS≠-Xv (hy‡n-If - p-am-bm-tWm, ÿm]-\ß - f - p-am-bm-tWm, AXp Xs∂ - (Time Based) samØ- (Lum Sum)am-bm-tWm, kab \n_-‘\ tbm-sS-bm-tWm, iX-am\ \nc-°n. (Percentage Contract) emtWm F∂n-ß-s\), Icm-dp-Imsc Is≠-Øp∂ coXn (]c- k y- Ø n- e q- s S- b m- t Wm, Npcp- ° - ∏ - ´ nI Xøm- d m- ° nbmtWm F∂n-ß-s\), tkh\w e`y-am-t°≠ coXn, {]Xn^ew \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\p≈ L´-ßfpw \n_-‘-\-Ifpw XpSßnb Imcy-߃ ap≥Iq´n Xs∂ \n›-bn-t°≠-Xm-Wv. ]c-ky-s∏-Sp-ج ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ ]≤Xn Gs‰-SpØv \S-Øp-∂X - n\v tkh-\-Zm-Xm-°ƒ°p≈ Xm¬]-cyw, AXp \n¿∆ln-°m≥ Ah¿ Npa-Xetb¬∏n-°p∂ hy‡n-If - psS ap≥]-cn-Nb - a - S- °ap≈ hni-Zmw-iß - ƒ, tkh\ZmXm-hns‚ kmº-ØnI \neb-dn-bm≥ Ign-™ 3 h¿jsØ _me≥kv jo‰v F∂n-ß\hw_¿ 2011

XncpØv 2011 HIvtSm-_¿ e°w ]©m-bØv cmPv amkn-Ib - nse "s{]mIyq¿sa‚ v am\z¬' F∂ teJ-\Ø - nse JfinI 4 Hm∏¨ sS≥U-dnMv D]-Jfi nI 3 C\n-∏d - bpw {]Imcw XncpØn hmbn-t°-≠X - m-W.v ""]Øv e£w cq]-hs - c-bp≈ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ°v 200 cq], 10 apX¬ 20 e£w cq-]h - sc-bp≈-hbv°v 500 cq], 20 e£-Øn-\pap-If - n-ep≈-hbv°v 1000 cq] F∂n-ßs - \-bmWv sS≥U¿ t^mdw hne''. s\-bp≈ hnh-c-߃ tXSn-sIm≠v ]ckyw \¬I-W-sa∂v am\z¬ \n¿t±-in-°p-∂p. Cu ]ckyw \√-hÆw {]Nm-c-ap≈ Hmtcm Cw•o-jv, ae-bmfw ]{X-ßf - n¬ \¬tI-≠XmWv. tkh-\-Zm-Xm-°-fpsS Npcp-°-∏-´nI Xøm-dm-°¬ \¬Inb ]c-ky-Øn\p e`n® Xm¬]cy {]I-S\ - ß - f - psS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬, Npa-Xe G¬∏n-°m-hp-∂, \n›nX tbmKy-Xbpw tijn-bp-ap≈ tkh\ZmXm-°-fpsS Npcp°-∏-´nI Xøm-dm-°-Ww. hni-Z-amb s{]mt∏m-k-ep-Iƒ°p≈ A`y¿∞\ (Request for Proposal-RFP) Xøm-dm°n Ab®p \¬I¬ ÿm]\w Xøm-dm-°nb Npcp° ]´n-Ib - nse tkh\ZmXm-°-ƒ°v hni-Zmw-i-߃ Ab®p \¬In hni-Z-amb s{]ms∏m-k-ep-Iƒ Ah-cn¬ \n∂pw e`y-am-t°-t≠-Xp-≠v. C{]-Imcw Ab®p \¬Ip∂ A`y¿∞\(RFP)bn¬ C\n-∏d-bp-∂h Dƒs∏Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°-Ww. F. s{]mt∏m-k¬ £Wn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ IØv (Letter of Invitation- LoI).

aqey-\n¿Æ-b-coXn CXn¬ ImWn-®n-cn-°-Ww. aqey\n¿W-b-coXn am\z-ens‚ A\p-_‘w 2˛¬ J. 6˛¬ DZmlc-W-ambn \¬In-bn-´p≠vv. _n. sSIv\n-°¬ s{]mt∏m-k¬ \¬-tI-≠p∂ amXrI. kn. ]cn-K-W\m hnj-b-߃ (ToR) Un. Icm¿ ]{X-Øns‚ IcSv amXr-I. s{]mt∏m-k¬ Xpd∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°¬ s{]mt∏m-ke - p-Iƒ kzoI-cn-t°-≠Xv kmt¶-XnIw (Technical), kmº-Øn-Iw (Financial) F∂n-ßs\ c≠v hn`m-Kambn {]tXyIw {]tXyIw Ih-dn-em-Wv. BZyw Xpd-t°≠Xv sSIv\n-°¬ s{]mt∏m-k¬ BWv. Ah ]-c-ky-ambn Xpd∂v t\csØ \n›-bn-®n-´p-≈Xpw RFPbn¬ \¬In-bncn-°p-∂X - p-amb aqey \n¿Wb am\-Zfi ß - f - psS ASn-ÿm\-Øn¬ ]cn-K-W-\m¿-l-am-bh Is≠-Ø-Ww. \n›nX tbmKy--X-bp-≈-h-cpsS am{Xw ^n\m≥jy¬ s{]mt∏m-k¬ ]n∂oSv ]c-ky-ambn Xs∂ Xpd-°W - w. kmº-ØnI \nc°pI-fnepw Nne LS-Iß - ƒ°p ap≥-Xq°w (weightage) \¬Imhp-∂Xpw AXp-IqSn IW-°n-se-SpØv tbmKy-cmbhsc Is≠-tØ≠Xp-am-Wv. Icm-dn-te¿s∏-S¬ sSIv\n-°¬, ^n\m≥jy¬ s{]m-t∏m-k-ep-I-fpsS aqey\n¿W-b-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Ø-n¬ G‰hpw Db¿∂ kvtIm¿ t\Sp∂ tkh\ZmXm-hp-ambn s\tKm-tjyj≥ \SØnb tij-amWv Icm-dn-te¿s∏-tS-≠-Xv. tamWn-‰-dnwKv Icm-dn-te¿s∏-´-h-cpsS {]h¿Ø\w imkv{Xo-b-ambn tamWn-‰¿ sNtø-≠Xpw anIhv Dd-∏p-h-cp-tØ-≠-Xp-am-Wv. Icm¿ ewL-\ß - ƒ \S-Øp-∂h - sc `mhn-bn¬ ho≠pw sXcs™-Sp-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ {i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. teJ-I≥ ]©m-bØv hIp-∏n¬ sk{I-´-dn-bmWv, \ne-hn¬ A£b Imk¿tKmUv Akn- v Pn√m tIm¿Un-t\-‰dm-Wv. t^m¨: 9446017388

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]©m-b-Øv cmPv tIcf {Kma- ]-©m-bØv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ 12-˛mw ]©-h-’-c-]-≤Xn \b -k-ao-]-\-tc-J-bpsS {]Im-i-\w t]Pv 15¬ \n∂v

ap≥ [\-Im-c-y-h-Ip-∏p-a{¥n tUm. ‰n.Fw. tXmakv sFkIv Fw.-F¬.F. apJ-y-{]`m-jWw \S-Øn. 12-˛mw ]©-h’ - c ]≤-Xnsb \Ωƒ kao-]n°p-tºmƒ Ign™ ]≤-Xn-IfpsS hne-bn-cp-ج Bh-iyamsW∂v At±lw ]d™p. P-\-Io-bm-kq-{X-WØn-s‚ F-‰hpw B-th-i-I-cam-b A\p-`hw im-kv-{X˛km-t¶Xn-I hn-Z-Kv-[cpsS ]¶m-fnØw B-bn-cp∂p. k-∂≤ km- t ¶Xn- I hn- Z Kv - ≤ tcbpw {]Xn_-≤-X D-≈-h-scbpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øns°m- ≠ v k- a n- X n- I ƒ D- ≠ m- ° m≥ A`y¿-∞-\ h-∂-t∏mƒ G-gv ssh-kv Nm≥-kn-e¿-am¿ apt∂m´p h-∂p. G‰hpw B-th-i-I-cam-b A-\p`-h-ambncp∂p AXv. c-≠v ta-P¿ P-\d - ¬-amcpw D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. G-Xm-≠v 22˛Hm-fw No^v F-©n-\o-b¿-amcpw Aw-Kß - f - m-Im≥ h∂p. tI-{µkw-ÿm-\ k¿-°m-cp-Iƒ°v am{Xw e-`y-am-Ip-∂ km-t¶-XnI ssh-Z-Kv[yw ]-©m-b-Øp-Iƒ-°v e`yam-°n F-∂-XmWv CXns‚ t\´w. Ch-cm-c-pw F-s¥-¶nepw bm{Xm-_Ø hmßn-bn-´√ ]-Wn-sb-Sp-ØXv. Ct∏mƒ Iq-Sp-X¬ D-tZym-K-ÿ ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-cam-bn Imcy-߃ amdnbn-cn°p∂p. Ah-cp-sS ho-´n¬ sN-∂m-se H-∏n-´v In-´q F-∂p-≈ ÿn-Xn-hnti-jw h-∂n-´p≠v. C-sX-ß-s\ Im-cy-£-a-am°mw F-∂Xn-\v Iq-´m-bn B-tem-Nn-®v th-≠ t`ZK-Xn h-cp-Øn ap-t∂m-´v t]m-IWw, At±-lw ]d™p. Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ \S-Ønb {iaI-c-amb {]h¿Ø-\sØ kwÿm-\sØ Bkq-{X-Wt- _m¿Uv AwKw kn.]n. tPm¨ A`n-\-µn-®p. ka-b-_-‘nX-ambn hn]p-e-amb N¿®-I-fn-eqsS Xøm-dm-°-s∏´ tcJ ka-kvX-ta-J-eI- s f- b pw {]Xn- ] m- Z n- ° p- ∂ psh∂v At±lw A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. -\memw kwÿm\ [\-ImcyIΩnj≥ sNb¿am≥ s{]m^. Fw.F. DΩ≥, IpSpw-_{io kwÿm\ anj≥ FIv-kn-I-yq-´ohv Ub-d-Œ¿ imcZm apcfo-[-c≥, Ine Ub-d-Œ¿ tUm. ]n.]n. _me≥, Atkm- k n- t b- j ≥ ap≥ kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v sI. \mcm-bW - ≥, AU-z. tImin Fw. tImin, kn.-]n. dkm-Jv, sI.-sI. Pn∂mkv, Atkm-kntb-j≥ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v F≥.-]n. kvt\lP≥, XpS-ßn-b-h¿ kwkmcn®p. Atkm- k n- t b- j ≥ kwÿm\ tPmbn‚ v sk{I´dn Fw. \ko¿ IrX⁄X ]d-™p. te-J-I≥ tIcf {Kma-]-©m-bØv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ {]kn-U‚m-Wv

34

tIcf {Kma -]-©m-bØv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ 12-˛mw ]©-h-’-c-]-≤Xn hntI-{µo-IrX hnI-k-\m-kq-{XWw kao-]-\-tcJbnse {][m\ \n¿t±-i-߃  ta¬Ø-´n¬\n∂pw ]≤-Xn-Iƒ, ^≠v hI-bn-cp-ج D]m[n XpS-ßn-bh













ASn-t®¬∏n-°p∂ hI-bn-cp-ج {]{Inb am‰Ww. CXv Xt±-i`- c - W ÿm]\-ß-fpsS kzmX-{¥ysØ _m[n-°p∂p. F∂m¬ hIp-∏p-Xe Xt±-i-`-cW kwbp‡ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ BImw. ]t£ AXns‚ Bkq-{XWw t\csØ BIWw. AXn\v Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃ Xøm-dm-°p∂ ]©-h’-c-]-≤Xn klm-b-I-amIpw. Hmtcm h¿jhpw 80% XpI sNe-h-gn-°-W-sa∂ \n_-‘\ amdWw. Hcp ]©-h-’-c-]-≤Xn Ime-b-f-hn¬ BZysØ c≠p h¿jw \n¿∆-l-W-]cn[n ]d-bmsX XpI A\p-h-Zn-°Ww. aq∂mw-h¿jw XpI e`n-°-W-sa¶n¬ BZy c≠p-h¿jw In´nb XpI-bpsS 70% F¶nepw sNe-h-gn-®n-cn°Ww. As√-¶n¬ A{Xbpw XpI Ipdt® aq∂mw h¿jw \evImhq. \memw h¿jw ]Ww e`n-°p-∂X - n\v BZy aq∂p-h¿j-tØXv 85% F¶nepw sNe-hm-°n-bn-s√-¶n¬ tjm¿´v t^mƒ D≠m-hp-sa∂pw hyh-ÿ-s∏-SpØWw. A©mw-h¿jw \n¿h-l-W-]-cn[n 90% Bbpw \nP-s∏-Sp-ØWw. s]¿t^m-a≥kv HmUn‰v, tem°¬ ^≠v HmUn‰v, F.Pn.bpsS HmUn-‰pIƒ F∂nh ka-b-_-‘n-X-am-hWw. F√m-hcpw IqSn ASp-Ø-SpØv Xt±i-kz-bw-`-cW ÿm]-\-Øn¬ G‰hpw Xnc-°p≈ ka-bØv HmUn‰v \SØm-Xn-cn-°pI, CØcw Imcy-߃ {]tXyIw {i≤n-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w CØcw HmUn-‰p-Iƒ°v A©p-h¿jsØ Hcp ssSwtS-_nƒ Xøm-dm°n Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°v \evIm-sa-¶n¬ hfsc \∂m-bn-cn°pw. tI{µ˛kwÿm-\-k¿°m-cp-Iƒ ]n-cn-s®-Sp-°p∂ \nIp-Xn-I-fn¬\n∂v am\ -Z-fim-[n-jvTn-X-ambn Imem-Imew ]cn-jv°-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ \nc-°p-Iƒ°-\pk-cn®v Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-߃°pw hnlnXw Dd-∏p-h-cp-ØWw. kwÿm-\-k¿°m¿˛Bkq-{X-W-t_m¿Uv˛Un.]n.kn. am¿K-tc-J-Iƒ°v hnt[-b-ambn ]©m-bØv˛hm¿Uv Xe-Øn¬ ]≤-Xn-\n¿t±iw kzcq-]n-°p∂-Xn-te-°mbn {Kma-k-`bv°p Iogn¬ Hmtcm hm¿Un¬\n∂pw {]mXn-\n[y-kz-`m-h-tØm-sS-bp≈ Hmtcm hm¿Uv hnI-k\ kan-Xn-Iƒ°pw AhbpsS A∏Ivkv cq]-ambn ]©m-b-Øp-Xe hnI-k-\-k-an-Xn°pw hyh-ÿ D≠m-IWw. kmt¶-XnI A\p-aXn th≠ t{]mP-IvSp-Iƒ am{Xta kq£va-]-cn-tim-[\ Bh-iy-ap≈q (DZm-l-cWw \n¿ΩmW {]hr-Øn-Iƒ°v). A√mØ t{]mPIvSp-Iƒ°v AXXv Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\-Øn\p Xs∂ kmt¶-XnI A\paXn \evIm-\p≈ hnZ-Kv≤-cmb Poh-\-°m¿ D≠v (DZm: Irjn Hm^o-k¿, sh‰-dn-\dn k¿P≥...) Ah¿°v kmt¶-Xn-I-an-Ihv Dd-∏p-h-cpØn H∏n-Sm-hp∂-XmWv. CXv kmt¶-XnI A\p-a-Xn-bm-bn-°≠v DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw Ah-cn¬ \n£n-]vX-am-°Ww. IqSmsX t{]mP-IvSns‚ a‰p kmt¶-XnI Imcy-߃ Ah-cpƒs∏-Sp-∂Xpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xzhpw _m[y-Xbpw \n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xp-amb aq∂wK Nm¿t´¿Uv FIvkv]¿´v IΩn‰n (kn.C.kn.) cq]o-I-cn®v tªm°v˛ Pn√m-Xe sh‰nwKv hyh-ÿ-s∏-Sp-ØWw. Ch-cpsS _Ø Dƒs∏sS A\n-hm-cy-sN-e-hp-Iƒ AS°w AXn-\p-th≠ kwhn-[m-\-ap-≠mhWw. Un.]n.kn. s]mXp-]-≤-Xnbpw t{]mPIvSpw Bap-J-a-S-ßp∂ Ipdn∏pw am{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ aXn, t{]mP-IvSn\v AwKo-Im-chpw XpS¿\n-co-£Whpw Dd-∏m-°m≥ {]tXyI kwhn-[m\w Hcp-°Ww. Im¿jnI `qhn-kvXrXn (`t£ym-Xv]m-Z\w {]tXy-In®v), DXv]m-Z\w F∂nh-bn¬ kw`-hn-®p-h∂ CSnhv XS-bm\pw A¬]-am-{X-sb-¶nepw ÿnXn sa®s∏-Sp-Øm\pw Ign-™n-´p≠v. F∂m¬ Bh-iy-Øn-s‚tbm {]Xo-£bp-sStbm sNdnb Awiw-t]mepw t\Sn F∂v Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-\m-hn√ [m\yw, CXc `£y-hn-f-Iƒ, ]m¬, a’yw, ap´, amwkw F∂n-hbpw AhbpsS A\p-_-‘-ta-J-e-Ifpw Dƒs°m-≈p∂ {]mY-an-tIm-Xv]m-Z\ ka{K-]-≤Xn ASn-ÿm-\-X-e-Øn¬ cq]-s∏-SWw. ]≤-Xn-hn-lnXw, k_vknUn hnlnXw F∂nh \oXn-]q¿∆-Ihpw imkv{Xo-b-hp-ambn hnX-cWw sNøs∏-Sm\pw DXv]m-Z-\-Øn¬ {]Xn-^-en-°m\pw Ign-b-W-sa-¶n¬ Xt±-io-bX-eØ - n¬ AwKo-IrX bYm¿∞ I¿jI˛I¿j-Im-\p-_‘ kwcw-`I - c - psS \nb-X-amb ]´nI Xøm-dm-IWw. C°m-cy-Øn¬ ASn-b-¥-c-ambn ss]e‰v ]≤Xn \S-∏n-em°n ]cn-tim-[n-°m\pw Ign-bWw. \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

teJ-\]c-ºc ˛ 23

tdmbv Nmt°m CfaÆq¿

C

¥y-bn¬ Ign™ 5 h¿j-Øn\p-≈n¬ hfsc {]I-S-amb coXn-bn¬ apJ-Omb amdnb kn‰n-bmWv U¬ln. 5 h¿jw ap≥]v U¬ln kµ¿in-®h¿ Cu \K- c - Ø n- s e- Ø n- b m¬ Fßs\ C{Xbv ° pw B[p- \ nI hf¿®- b p- ≠ mbn F∂- X n- i - b n®p t]mIpw. A¥m-cmjv{S \nehm-cØ - n-te°mWv Cu \Kcw 5 h¿j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ IpXn-s®-Øn-bXv. AXn¬ {][m\ ]¶p hln-®Xv \K-c-Øn-\-Sn-bn-eq-sSbpw (`qan-°S- n-bn-eq-sSbpw) \K-cØ - n-\p-ap-Ifn-eq-sSbpw ]Wn-Xp-b¿Ønb sat{Sm sdbn¬ ]≤- X nbpw icm- i cn Hcp Intem-ao-‰¿ \of-ap≈ hnim-e-amb ^vssfHmh-dp-Ifpw (ta¬∏m-e-ßfpw) BWv. G‰hpw Ipd-™Xv 4 _kp-Iƒ°v Htc \nc-bn¬ HmSm-hp-∂{X hoXnbp≈ tdmUp- I ƒ \mtem Btdm FÆw kwK-an-°p∂ F√m {][m\ PwKvj\ - p-If - nepw henb \of-ap-≈Xpw hnim-eh - p-amb ^vssfHmh-dp-Iƒ s\SpsIbpw Ipdp-sIbpw Cu alm\K-cØns‚ F√m `mK-ß-fnepw ]Sp-Øpb¿Øn-°g- n™p; ]Wn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn°p∂p. \K- c - Ø n\v s]s´- s ∂mcp AXym[p-\n-Ih - ¬°-cWw \S-∏n-em-°phm≥ t{]c-Wbm-bXv U¬ln tIma¨ sh¬Øv sKbnwkv Xs∂. Iq‰≥ ]me-ß-fn-eq-sS-bp≈ sat{Sm s{Sbn≥ k¿hokpw A¥¿t±-iob \ne-hm-c-

\hw_¿ 2011

ap≈ ^vssfHmh-dp-Ifpw hcp-∂-Xn\p ap≥]p-Xs∂ ]cn-ÿn-Xn°pw A[n-IrX¿ {]m[m\yw sImSp-Øn-cp∂p. hSt°-¥y-bnse \mep amksØ ITn-\amb NqSn-s\bpw ]Øp-amkw \o≠p\n¬°p∂ hcƒ®- s bbpw Hs° AXn-Po-hn®v hf-cp-hm≥ Ign-hp≈ XW¬ hr£-߃ F√m tdmUn-s‚bpw Ccp-hi - ß - f - nepw hym]-Ia - mbn \´v {]m[m- \ y- t ØmsS kwc- £ n- ° p∂ '{Ko≥ U¬ln' F∂ _rl-Ømb ]≤-Xn tI{µ Kh-s◊‚ v 15 h¿jw ap≥]p- X s∂ \S- ∏ n- e m- ° n- b n- c p∂p. CXn¬ kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚pw AhcpsS ]¶p hln®p. acp-`q-an-bnse agt]mse C∂v B hr£-߃ U¬lnbnse tdmUp- I ƒ°v XW¬ \ev Ip∂p, \K-csØ ]®-b-Wn-bn-°p∂p, \K-c-Øn\v HmIvkn-P≥ \¬Ip∂p. tIc-f-Øn¬ Aß-s\mcp ImgvN Xncph- \ - ¥ - ] p- c sØ Ih- S n- b m¿ apX¬ sh≈-b-º-ew-h-sc-bp≈ Hcp Intemao- ‰ ¿ Zqc- Ø n- t e- b p≈q F∂mWv tXm∂p- ∂ Xv . CXp- t ]mse XW¬ hncn® tdmUp-I-fmWv U¬ln-bnse an°- b n- S - ß - f nepw. {]tXy- I n®pw {][m\ `mK-ß-fn¬. apI-fn-te°v Hcp ]nSn aW-se-dn-™m¬ B aW¬Øcn-Iƒ H∂p-t]mepw aÆn¬ hogn√, U¬ln-\-K-c-Øn-se∂v ]d-®n-ep≠v. CXv AXn-i-tbm‡n Ie¿∂-Xm-sW¶nepw Chn-SpsØ P\-°q-´-sØbpw hml-\-_m-lp-ey-sØbpw ]cn-K-Wn-

®m¬ B ]d-®n¬ GXm≠v icn-bmsW∂p tXm∂pw. apI- f n- t e- s °- d nbp∂ aW¬ H∂p-In¬ P\-ß-fn¬ hogpw, As√- ¶ n¬ hml- \ - ß - f n¬ hogpw. CXp-a-s√-¶n¬ sI´n-S-ß-fpsS ]pdØv hogpw. Aß-s\-bp≈ Hc-hÿ-bn¬ a\p-jy-\∑ - b - v°p-th≠n, \Kc-Øns‚ \ne-\n¬∏n-\p-th≠n Kh¨sa‚ v \S-∏n-em-°nb G‰hpw hne-tbdnb ]≤-Xn-bmWv U¬lnsb hr£\n- _ n- V - a m- ° m- \ p≈ I¿Ω- ] - ≤ Xn F∂p ]dbmw. AXns‚ A\p-{K-lamWv Xe-ÿm\ \Kcn Ct∏mƒ G‰phm-ßp-∂Xv. hnim-e-amb tdmUn-s‚ a≤y-`m-KØpw sNdnb coXn-bn¬ hfcp∂ hr£-ßfpw sNSn-Ifpw sh®p]n-Sn-∏n-°m\pw Kh¨sa‚ v {i≤ sNepØp-∂p≠v. CXv tdmUp-Isf IqSp-X¬ at\m-lc - a - m-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. A¥co-£Ø - nse aen-\hmbp ]nSn-s®-SpØv ]Icw HmIvkn-P≥ \ap°p \¬In \n»-_vZ-amb tkh\w ImgvN-h-®ps°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v hr£-߃ 15 h¿jw-ap≥]v \´p-hf¿Ønb A[n-Ir-X-cpsS, B hnim-eamb ImgvN-∏m-Sns\ cmjv{So-b-t`-Zsat\y Cu \K-cØ - n-se-Øp∂ Bcpw A\p-tam-Zn®p t]mIpw. U¬ln \K-cØ - nse sat{Sm sdbn¬]m-Xb - psS \n¿Ωm-Whpw A¥m-cmjv{S {]i-kvXn-t\Sn. temIØv e≠≥,

35


]©m-b-Øv cmPv tlmt¶mMv, kntbmƒ, jmMvlmbv Izem-ew-]q¿ F∂o \K-c-ß-fn-emWv \ne-hn¬ AXn-thK sat{Sm sdbn¬]mX-bp-≈Xv. U¬ln AXn-th-K-]m-XbpsS \n¿Ωm-Whpw AXn-th-K-Øn-embn-cp∂p. 23 Intem-ao-‰¿ ]mX \n¿Ωn°m≥ 27 amkta FSp-Øp≈q. e≠-\n¬ 26 Intem-ao-‰¿ ]mX \n¿Ωn- ° m≥ 5 h¿jw FSpØp. ssN\-bnse jmMvlmbn hnam-\-Xmhf ]mX (30 Intem-ao-‰¿) \n¿Ωn°m≥ 3 h¿jw FSpØp. GXm≠v CtX thK-X-bn-emWv U¬ln sat{Sm tIm¿∏-td-j≥, hnam-\X - m-hf AXn-thK ]mX \n¿Ωn-®Xv. 5700 tImSn cq]bmWv sNehv. 2011 s^{_p-hcn 23 \mWv Fb¿t]m¿´v sat{Sm- b n¬ k¿hokv Bcw-`n-®Xv. \yqU¬lnbn¬\n∂v Fb¿t]m¿´n-te°v Ct∏mƒ 80 cq]-bmWv Sn°‰v \nc°v. 20 an\n‰v sIm≠v FØmw. hntZ-ic - m-Py-ßf - nse hnam-\-Xm-hf sat{Sm ]mX-I-fn¬ D]tbm-Kn-°p∂ B[p-\nI kuI-cy-ßfp≈ tIm®p-I-fmWv k¿∆o-kn-\mbn D]- t bm- K n- ° p- ∂ Xv . kv s ]bn- \ n¬ \n¿Ωn® tIm®p-I-fmWv HmSp-∂Xv. B\-µ-hn-lm-dn¬ \n∂v Km‘n-bm_m-Znse sshim-en-bn-te-°p≈ sat{Sm {Sbn≥ ]mX DS≥Xs∂ {]h¿Ø-\am-cw-`n°pw. aq∂m-asØ kwÿm-\m¥c ]mX-bm-WnXv. t\mbn-Ub - n-te-°p≈-Xm-bn-cp∂p BZy kwÿm-\m-¥c sat{Sm-]mX. 2009 \hw-_d - n¬ Xpd∂p. lcn-bm-\b - nse KpUvKm-hn-te-°p-≈Xv

A£¿[mw t£{Xw

36

2010 PqWn¬ Xpd∂p. U¬ln sat{Sm aq∂mw-L´ ]≤Xn°v U¬ln kwÿm-\-a-{¥n-k` 2011 G{]n¬ 11\v AwKo-Imcw \¬Inbn-´p≠v. 2 ]pXnb ]mX-If - psS \n¿ΩmWhpw \ne-hn-ep≈ 3 ]mX-If - psS Zo¿Ln-∏n-°-ep-amWv \S-Øp-∂Xv. BsI 108 Intem-ao-‰¿ ]mX \n¿Ωn°pw. ]≤Xn°v 30, 000 tImSn cq] sNehv {]Xo£n-°p∂p. U¬ln sat{Sm c≠mw L´ ]≤-Xn-bnepw 108 Intem-ao-‰¿ ZqcØn¬ ]mX \n¿Ωn-°m-\mWv e£yan-´n-cp-∂Xv. AXv ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-°gn™p. ]pXnb ]mX-bn¬ H∂v apIp-µv]q¿ apX¬ bap-\-hn-lm¿hsc 56 Intemao-‰¿ Zqc-Øn-emWv. 35 tÃj-\p-Iƒ CXn-\n-S-bn¬ D≠mIpw. c≠m-asØ ]pXnb ]mX ]Sn-™m-d≥ P\-Iv]pcn¬ \n∂v t\mbnU s_m´m-Wn-°¬ Km¿U≥h-sc-bmWv. 34 Intem-ao-‰d - mWv Zqcw. 22 tÃj-\p-Iƒ D≠mIpw. aq∂mw-L´ ]≤-Xn-°mbn tI{µ-K-h¨sa‚ v _P-‰n¬ 1351 tImSn hI-bn-cpØn-bn-´p≠v. IqSmsX ]≤-Xn-bpsS tI{µ hnln-Xa - mbn 452 tImSn cq]bpw \¬Ipw. U¬ln sat{Sm-bpsS aq∂mw L´Ønse `qcn-`m-Khpw `qan-°-Sn-bn-eq-sSbm-bn-cn°pw F∂-XmWv {]tXy-IX.

40 Intem- a o- ‰ - d n- t esd Zqc- Ø n¬ A≠¿{Ku≠v ]mX- b m- b n- c n°pw. U¬ln-sa-t{Smbv°v Ct∏mƒ BsI 31 A≠¿{Ku≠v tÃj-\p-I-fm-Wp≈Xv. aq∂mw t^bvkn¬ am{Xw 28 A≠¿{Ku≠v tÃj-\p-Iƒ D≠mIpw. A{]-Imcw U¬ln-bn¬ 59 A≠¿{Ku≠v sdbn¬th tÃj-\p-I-fmWv \ne-hn¬ hcnI. \ne-hn¬ 48 Intem-ao-‰¿ Zqc-ØnemWv A≠¿{Ku≠v sdbn¬ ]mX D-≈Xv. aq∂mw L´-]-Wn-Iƒ ]q¿Ønbm-Ip-tºmƒ CXv 90 Intem-ao-‰-tdmfw BIpw. aq∂mw-L´ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ Fb¿t]m¿´n¬ \n∂v I¬°m-Pn-hsc \n¿Ωn-°p∂ ]mX-bmWv G‰hpw \ofap≈ A≠¿{Ku≠v taJe˛17 Intemao-‰¿. U¬ln sat{Sm sdbn¬ tIm¿∏td-j\v (DMRC) \ne-hn¬ 200 s{Sbn\p-I-fm-Wp-≈Xv. U¬ln-bpsS Poh\m-Un-bmbn, \K-cØ - n¬ F√m-bn-SØ - pIq-Snbpw Atßm´pantßm´pw Ft∏mgpw AXn-thKw HmSn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Cu k¿ho-kp-I-fpsS ]cn-]m-e-\-Øn\pw sdbn¬th tÃj-\p-I-fn¬ tkh-\Øn\pw `cW, sabn‚-\≥kv, \n¿ΩmW taJ-e-I-fn-ep-ambn 6800 DtZym-K-ÿcmWv DMRC bv ° p≈Xv . U¬ln sat{Sm sdbn¬ tIm¿∏- t d- j ≥ 17 h¿jsØ kvXpXy¿l-amb tkh\w ]q¿Øn-bm°n. ÿm]-I-Zn-\-tØm-S-\p_-‘n®v amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS¿ ]pXnsbmcp s{]ÃoPv ]≤Xn {]Jym-]n-°pIbpw sNbv X p. AXn- t hK Fb¿t]m¿´v FIvk{v ]kv ]mX, U¬ln-bpsS km‰-sse‰v \K-c-amb, lcn-bm-\-bnse KpUvKmhv (U¬ln-bp-sSbpw lcn-bm\-bp-sSbpw AXn¿Øn-bn-emWv Cu \Kcw) hsc \o´m-\mWv Dt±-in-°p∂Xv. C¥y-bn¬ c≠m-asØ sat{Sm _mwKvfq-cn¬ Ign™ amkw HmSn-XpSßn. 7 Intem-ao-‰¿ Zqc-Øn¬ am{Xta

\hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv e≠-\n¬ 26 Intem-ao-‰¿ ]mX \n¿Ωn-°m≥ 5 h¿jw FSpØp. ssN\-bn-se jmMvlmbn hnam-\Xm-hf ]mX (30 Intem-ao-‰¿) \n¿Ωn-°m≥ 3 h¿jw FSpØp. GXm≠v CtX thK-X-bn-emWv U¬ln sat{Sm tIm¿∏-td-j≥, hnam-\-Xm-hf AXn-th-K ]mX \n¿Ωn-®Xv. 5700 tImSn cq]-bmWv sNehv. 2011 s^{_p-hcn 23\mWv Fb¿-t]m¿´v sat{Smbn¬ k¿hokv Bcw-`n-®Xv. \yqU¬ln-bn¬\n∂v Fb¿-t]m¿´n-te°v Ct∏mƒ 80 cq]-bmWv Sn°‰v \nc°v. 20 an\n‰v sIm≠v F-Ømw. hntZ-ic- m-Py-ßfnse hnam-\X - m-hf sat{Sm ]mX-If- n¬ D]-tbm-Kn°p∂ B[p-\nI kuI-cy-ß-fp≈ tIm®p-I-fmWv k¿∆o-kn-\mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv. kvs]bn-\n¬ \n¿Ωn® tIm®p-If- mWv HmSp-∂Xv. ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-´p≈q. F∂-Xn\m¬ Cu Zqc-Øn¬ am{Xta k¿∆okp≈q. _kn¬ U¬ln Np‰n-°d- ß - m-\mbn 40 cq]-bpsS ]mkv FSp-°p-∂-XmWv \√Xv. 50 cq]-bpsS ]mkv FSp-Øm¬ Gkn _kp-I-fnepw bm{X sNømw. Hcp Znhkw Cu ]mkv-sIm≠v F{X _kn¬ thW-sa-¶nepw bm{X sNømw. ]mkn¬ Bfns‚ t]cpw hbkpw Xob-Xnbpw I≠-IvS¿ FgpXn \¬Ipw. U¬ln-bnse F√m hoSp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw shbvÃv FSp-Øp-sIm-≠p-t]mIm-\p≈ {Iao-I-c-W-ap≠v. kzImcy GP≥kn-I-fm-WnXp sNøp-∂Xv. Hcp amk-tØ°v 30 cq]-bmWv Nm¿Pv. tIcf-hp-ambn Xmc-X-ay-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ, D]-tbm-Kn® Imdp-Iƒ°v U¬ln-bn¬ hfsc hne-°p-d-hmWv. 'FOR SALE' F∂ t_m¿Up-h®v Imdp-Iƒ hgn-tbmcØv \nc-Øn-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂Xp ImWpw. F√m ÿe-ß-fnepw tdmU-cn-In¬ XpWn tX®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ Bƒ°msc ImWmw. Icn-bn´p tX°p∂ tX∏p-s]´n-bm-Wn-h¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv. j¿´mbmepw ]m‚ vkm-bmepw 2 cq]-bmWv \nc°v. A£¿[mw t£{Xhpw U¬lnbnse Hcp kµ¿i\ tI{µ- a mWv . t£{Xw apgp- h ≥ \S- ∂ p- I m- W m≥ aq∂m-ep-a-Wn-°q¿ th≠n-hcpw. {]thi\w kuP-\y-amWv. Xn¶-fmgvN {]thi-\a- n√. inev] Nmcp-Xb - m¿∂ t£{Xhpw at\m-l-c-amb ]cn-k-chpw CXns‚ Zriy-`wKn Iq´p∂p. 100 G°¿ hnkvXr- X n- b p≈ tImºu- ≠ n- e mWv t£{Xw ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂Xv. hnim-eamb lmfp-Ifpw ]qt¥m-´-ß-fp-sam\hw_¿ 2011

s° Cu t£{X ]cn-k-c-Øp≠v. bap\m-\-Zn-°-°sc abq¿ hnlm-dn\p kao]- a mWv temI- { ]- i - k v X - a mb Cu t£{Xw. 2010se tIma¨sh¬Øv sKbnwkv hnt√Pv Cu t£{X-Øn\v kao- ] - a m- b n- c p∂p. Cu B[p- \ nI t£{X-Ønse Hmtcm afi-]-Ønepw Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v I¬{]-Xn-a-I-fp≠v. 2005 \hw-_-dn-emWv Cu t£{Xw cmjv{S-]Xn tUm. A.P.J. A_vZpƒIemw P\-߃°mbn Xpd-∂p-sIm-Sp-ØXv. 7000 sImØp-]-Wn-°m¿ 5 h¿jw XpS¿®-bmbn tPmen-sN-bvXmWv CXnse inev]-߃°v cq]w \¬In-bXv. Ing°≥ U¬ln-bn¬ bap\m \Zn-°-c-bnep≈ Cu t£{Xw temI- Ø nse G‰hpw henb sslµ-h-t£{X kap®-b-ambn Kn∂kv sdt°m¿Un¬ CSw t\Sn-bn-´p≠v. Hcp kµ¿i-I\v C¥y-bpsS `c-Wkn-cm-tI-{µ-amb U¬ln-bn¬ C\n ImWm≥ CXp-t]mse {]kn-≤-amb \nc-h[n tI{µ-ß-fp≠v. A¥m-cmjv{S \ne-hm-c-ap≈, U¬ln-bnse ayqkn-b߃ am{Xw kµ¿in-°m≥ c≠m-gvNsb- ¶ nepw U¬ln- b n¬ XßWw. AXp-t]mse Cu teJ-\-]-c-º-c-bn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°mØ \nc-h[n Imcy-߃ ImgvN-Iƒ Ncn-{X-ap-d-ßp∂ Cu alm\-K-c-Øn-ep≠v. Cu teJ\ ]c-ºc U¬ln-bnse SqdnÃv tI{µ-ß-sf-°pdn-®p≈ H∂√. Nne {][m\ SqdnÃv tI{µ-ßsf ]cm-a¿in®p F∂p am{Xw. U¬ln-bn¬ FØp∂ ae-bm-fnIƒ°v AXv sIm®n- b m- s Wt∂ tXm∂p-I-bp≈q. Chn-SpsØ Xan-g\v CXv sNss∂bpw sXep-¶\v ssl{Zm_m-Zp-amWv. ]m‰v\b - n-ep≈ kzmX{¥yw

_olm-dn°v U¬ln-bn¬ In´pw. almcm-jv{S-°m-c\v apws_-t]m-se-X-s∂bmWv U¬lnbpw. ant mdmw, AcpWm- N ¬{]- t Ziv F∂n- h n- S - ß - f n¬ \n∂p- ≈ - h ¿s°√mw Ah- c - h - c psS kz¥w ÿewt]mse tXm∂pw U¬ln-bn¬ Pohn-®m¬. C{]-Imcw F√m- h ¿°pw kz¥w kwÿm\w F∂ tXm∂¬ e`n- ° - Ø ° kzmX{¥yw Chn-Sp≠vv hnhn[ hntZi cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-≈-hcpw Cu \K-cØn¬ D≈-Xn-\m¬ 'C¥ym-°m-c\v am{Xw kz¥w' F∂ ImgvN∏ - mSpw P\n°n√. F√m-h-cp-sSbpw kwÿm\w, Xeÿm-\-\-Kcw F∂v A\p-`-h-Øn-eqsS Adn™v Pohn- ° m- s a- ¶ nepw ChnSpsØ ITn-\-amb 4 amk th\epw 3 amksØ AXn-ssi-Xyhpw ÿnc-amb Xma-k-Øn¬ \n∂v Cu \Kcw \sΩ AI-‰p∂p. Imem-hÿ A\p-Iq-e-ambn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ U¬ln-bn¬ Ipd-®p\mƒ F¶nepw Xma- k n- ® - h ¿ Cu \Kcw hn´p-t]m-Ip-sa∂v tXm∂p-∂n√. A{Xbv°pw Pohn-Xk - u-Ic - y-߃ Cu \Kcw \¬Ip∂p. A¥m-cmjv{S \nehm-ca - p≈ Cu \K-cØ - n¬ Ipd-®p-\mƒ F¶nepw Pohn-°m≥ e`n-°p∂ Ahkcw Hcp C¥ym-°m-c\v e`n-°p∂ `mKyw Xs∂-bmWv. Cu ]c- º c Cu e°- t ØmsS \n¿Øptºmƒ U¬ln-bn-te-°p≈ Hcp IhmSw Xpd°p-hm≥ am{Xta km[n-®n´p≈q F∂mWv Cu teJ-I≥ Icp-Xp-∂Xv. ]c-ºc ChnsS Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p. (teJ-I≥ U¬ln sk≥{S¬ tam\n-‰-dnwKv k¿ho-kn¬ \yqkv tam\n-‰-dm-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ BIm-i-hmWn Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw \ne-b-Øn¬ \yqkv FUn-‰-dmWv)

37


]©m]©m-b b-Ø -Øv v cmPv cmPv

sI.F¬. -{io-IrjvW Zmkv

tem

I-sa-ºm-Sp-ap≈ ae-bm-fnIƒ°v G‰hpw {]nb-s∏´ kpZn-\-amWv 1956 \hw-_¿ 1. A∂mWv ae-bmfn-If - psS Nnc-Im-em-`n-em-ja - mb sFIyt- I-cfw ]nd-hn-sb-Sp-ØX - v. Xncp:sIm®n kwÿm-\hpw a{Zmkv kwÿm-\sØ e£-Zzo]pw an\n-t°m-bnbpw Hgn-®p≈ ae-_m¿ Pn√bpw Z£n-W-Im-\d Pn√bnse Imk¿tImSv Xmeq°pw Iq´ntN¿ØmWv tIcfw cq]o-Ic - n-®X - v. 1956 se kwÿm\ ]p\:kwL-S\m \nba-a-\p-k-cn®v Xncp:sIm®n kwÿm-\Ønse Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw Pn√-bnse AK-kvXo-iz-cw, tXmhmf, I¬°p-fw, hnf-h≥tImSv F∂o Xmeq-°p-Ifpw

38

sIm√w Pn√-bnse sNt¶m´ Xmeq°pw a{Zmkv kwÿm-\-Øn\v hn´p-sIm-SpØp. `c-W-]-c-amb Cu sFIyw ssIh-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ap≥]pXs∂ tIcfw F∂ `qhn-`m-KsØ-°pdn®v k©m-cn-Ifpw Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑mcpw ]cm- a ¿in- ® n- c p- ∂ p. {Inkv X p- h n\pw ap≥]v 4˛mw i-XI-Ønse ImXym-b-\s‚bpw 2˛mw iX-I-Ønse ]X-⁄en-bpsSbpw cN-\-I-fn¬ tIc-f-sØ°p-dn-®p≈ kqN-\-I-fp-≠v. ]c-ip-cma≥ agp-sh-dn™v IS-en¬ \n∂v hos≠Sp-Ø-XmWv tIcfw F∂ sFXnlyw ae-bmfn F∂pw a\- n¬ h®v Hma-\n°p∂ Hcp at\m-lc k¶-ev]-am-Wv.

tIcw \nßn-\n-d™ \mSm-bX - p-sIm≠v tIcfw F∂ t]cp-h∂p F∂ hmZ-apJhpw {]k-‡amWv. hntZ-in-Iƒ°v F∂pw tIcfw Hcp ]dp-Zo-k-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hym]m-c-_-‘߃°mbn tIcfw kµ¿in® Ad_n-I-fp-sSbpw Ct{k-en-I-fp-sSbpw {Ko°p-Im-cp-sSbpw tdmam-°m-cp-sSbpw ssN\m-°m-cp-sSbpw {_n´o-jp-Im-cpsSbpw Hs° kwkv°m-c- k-hn-ti-jX - Isf kzoI-cn-°m\pw Ah-bpsS Awißsf kzmwio-Ic - n-°m\pw tIcfw aSnIm- W n- ® n- √ . AXp- s Im≠v Xs∂ tIcf kwkv°m-cw hniz-kw-kvIr-XnbpsS \∑-Iƒ \nd-™-Xm-sW∂v IcpXp-∂-Xn¬ sX‰n-√. B[p-\nI Ime-L-´-Øn¬ hnt\mZ-k-©m-cn-Isf tIc-f-Øn-te°v BI¿-jn-°p-∂Xv tIc-f-Øns‚ A,B,C,D bmsW∂v ]d-™p-hc - m-dp-≠.v A F∂m¬ Ayurveda, B F∂m¬ Backwaters, C-Culture, D-Distance, Bbp¿t∆Zw F∂ al-Ømb NnIn’m k{º-Zm-bØns‚ Cu‰n-√a - mWv tIcfw. tcmKmXp-ca - mb Ah-bh - s-- Ø am{Xw NnIn-’n°msX {]Ir-Xn-\n-b-a-߃-°-\p-kr-Xambn Hcp tcmKnsb ]cn-]q-¿-Æambn a\- n-em°n NnIn¬kn-°p∂ coXn-bmWnXv. tIc-fØ - ns‚ ka-Xp-enX Imemhÿbpw Huj-[k - k - y-߃ \nd™ h\-ßfpw Cfw Ipfn-cp≈ ag-°m-e-hpsams° Bbp¿t∆Z NnIn’bv°v XnI®pw A\p-tbm-Py-am-Wv. a\pjyico-csØ hmX, ]nØ, I^ {]IrXn- I - f mbn Xcw Xncn®v Ah- b psS \hw_¿ \hw_¿ 2011 2011


]©m]©m-b b-Ø -Øv v cmPv cmPv k¥p-en-Xm-hÿ \ne-\n¿-Øp∂ Cu NnIn¬km coXn C∂v temI-{]-kn-≤ambn°gn-™n-´p-≠.v Cu NnIn’m-coXn XnI™ A¿∏- W - t _m- [ - t ØmsS ]n≥Xp-Sc - p∂ \mSmWv tIcfw. Bbp¿t∆-Z-Ønse kzmÿy, tim[-\, ia\ NnIn’-Iƒ°mbn Zn\w{]Xn Ht´sd hntZ-in-Iƒ ChnsS FØn-t®-cp-∂p. sk≥{S¬ Iu¨-kn¬ t^m¿ dnk¿®v C≥ Bbp¿t∆Z B‚ v kn≤ (CCRAS)F∂ ÿm]-\-Øn\v ]qP∏p-c-bnepw sNdp-Xp-cp-Øn-bnepw sk‚-dp-I-fp-≠v. tIm´- b v ° - e nepw H√q- c n- e p- a p≈ kzImcy tImtf-Pp-Ifpw Xncp-h-\-¥]p-cw, Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd, IÆq¿ F∂n-hnS-ß-fnse Kh¨sa‚ v tImtf-Pp-Ifpw Dƒs∏sS A©v Bbp¿t∆-Zt- Im-tf-PpI-fpw 111 Bbp¿t∆Z Bip-]-{Xn-Ifpw 68 Bbq¿-t∆Z Unkv]≥k-dn-Ifpw tIc-fØ - n-ep≠v. tIc-fØ - ns‚ {]ikvXn hniz-hym-]-I-am-°p-∂-Xn¬ Bbq¿t∆Zw kvXpXy¿l-amb ]¶v hln-°p-∂p. B F∂m¬ Backwaters AYhm XSmI-߃. C{X-tbsd Pem-i-b-ß-fp-≈ as‰mcp kwÿm\w C¥y-bn-ept≠m F∂v kwi-b-am-Wv. 44 {][m\ \ZnIƒ°p ]pdta Ht´sd Imb-ep-Ifpw XSm-I-ßfpw ae-bm-f-\m-Sns‚ at\mlm-cn-Xbv°v am‰p Iq´p-∂p. Zzo]p-Iƒ t]mse H‰-s∏´p InS-°p∂ {]tZ-ißsf XΩn¬ _‘n-∏n-°p-∂Xv Cu Pem- i - b - ß - f m- W v . bm{X- s N- ø p- ∂ Xn\pw km[-\ß - ƒ sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂Xn\pw Cu Imb-ep-Ifpw XSm-I-ßfpw D]-Ic - n-°p-∂p. Xmc-Xt- ay\ sNe-hp-Ipd-™Xpw kuI-cy-{]-Zh - p-amWo am¿§w. Ajv S - a p- S n- I m- b epw thº- \ m- ´ p- I mbepw hnt\m-Z-k-©m-cn-I-fpsS {]nbs∏´ e£y- ß - f m- W v . Ch- b n- e qsS sNdp-h-©n-Ifntem, lukvt_m-´p-Ifntem Ib-dn-bp≈ bm{X A\p-]a - a - mb Hcp A\p-`h - a - mWv Ah¿°v {]Zm\w sNøp- ∂ - X v . thº- \ m- ´ p- I m- b - e ns\ sXm´p-In-S-°p∂ Ipa-cIw C∂v hniz{]-kn-≤-amb hnt\m-Z-k-©mc tI{µambn hf¿∂p-I-gn-™n-cn-°p∂p. Be∏p- g - b nse s\lv d p t{Sm^n h≈w Ifnbpw Bd-∑pf h≈w Ifnbpw Hs° hntZ-in-Iƒ°v hnin-jvS-amb Zriy-hnkvab - ß - f - m-Wv. thº-\m-´p-Im-bt- emcw temI- { i- ≤ - b m- I ¿jn® hnt\m- Z - k ©mc tI{µ-ambn hf¿∂p Ign™p. Ccp-Ic - I - f - n-ep-ap≈ lcn-X` - wKn BkzZn®p sIm≠v im¥-kp-µ-c-amb Imben-eqsSbp≈ bm{XbpsS Bkzm-ZyX

\hw_¿ \hw_¿ 2011 2011

A\p- ` - h n- ° m≥ Bbn- c - ° - W - ° n\v hnt\m- Z - k - © m- c n- I - f mWv ChnsS FØn-t®-cp-∂-Xv. C-Culture kwkv°mcw˛ tIcfw kwkv°mc kº-∂-amWv. Bcy-{Zm-hnU kwkv°r-Xn-I-fpsS kaRvPk kwKahp-amWv tIcf kwkv°mcw. aX-kulm¿±-Øns‚ at\m-⁄-`q-an-bmWv tIc-fw. aq∂p {][m\ aX hn`m-K-ßfn¬s∏´ tIc- f - Ø nse P\- ß ƒ XnI™ kulm¿±tØm- s S- b mWv Pohn-°p-∂Xv. Xe-ÿm-\-\-K-c-amb Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØ - ns‚ lrZ-b` - m-KØ - pXs∂ aq∂p aX-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsS Bcm[- \ m- e - b - ß ƒ XnI®pw im¥hpw kam-[m-\-]q¿Æ-hp-amb A¥-co-£Øn¬ ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂Xv ae-bm-fnbpsS aX-k-ln-jvWp-X-bpsS aIp-tSmZm-l-c-W-am-Wv. A`y-kvX-hn-Zy-cm-b, ipNn-Xz-Øn¬ \njv°¿j-bp-≈h - c - mb, AXnYn k¬°mc {]nb-cmb P\-߃ A[n- h - k n- ° p∂ tIcfØnte°v hnt\m-Z-k-©m-cn-I-fpsS hchv Zn\w{]Xn h¿≤n-°p-∂X - n¬ A¤p-XØ - n\v Ah-Im-i-an-√. tIc-f-Øns‚ X\-Xp-I-e-I-fmb IqØpw IqSn-bm-´hpw IY-I-fn-bpw IÆn\pw ImXn\pw Cº-ta-Ip∂ Zriy{im-hy cq]-ß-

fm-Wv. imkv{Xob kwKoX cwKØpw Ne-®n{X kwKoX cwKØpw Akmam\y {]Xn` sXfn-bn® Ht´sd tIcfo- b - c p- ≠ v . tbip- Z mkpw Nn{Xbpw A¥¿tZ-iob {]i-kvXnbm¿÷n® Kmb-I-cm-Wv. `cW cwKØv C¥ybpsS cmjv{S-]-Xn-bm-bn-cp∂ sI.-B¿.\m- c m- b - W ≥, kmlnXy cwKØv ⁄m\]oT ]pc-kvImc tPXm-°-fmb Pn. i¶-c-°p-dp∏v, XIgn inh-i-¶-c∏n≈, Fkv.sI s]m‰-°m-Sv, Fw.-Sn.hm-kp-tZ-h≥ \mb¿, H.-F≥.-hn. Ipdp∏v XpS-ßn-bh - ¿,- N-e® - n{X cwKØv i_vZan-{i-W-Øn\v Hmkv°m¿ Ahm-¿Uv t\Snb dkq¬ ]q°p-´nbpw A`n-\-bØn\v tZiob Ahm¿Uv t\Snb _me≥ sI \mb¿, ]n.-sP. B‚Wn, `cXv tKm]n, aΩq-´n, taml≥em¬, kptc-jvtKm-]n, _me-N-{µ-ta-t\m≥, kenw Ipam¿ XpS-ßn-b-hcpw A¥mcmjv{S {]i-kvX-cmb Ne-®n{X kwhn[m- b - I cmb ASq¿ tKm]m- e - I r- j v W\pw Ac-hn-µ\pw jmPn F≥.- I-cpW-p-sams° ae-bm-f-Øns‚ alXzw temI-sa-ºmSpw {]N-cn-∏n® B[p-\nI Ime-L´- Ø - ns‚ {]Xn-`m-im-en-If - m-Wv. sshhn- [ y- a m¿∂ D’- h - ß fpw

39


]©m-b-Øv cmPv BtLm-j-ßfpw tIc-fsØ h¿Æm`-am-°p-∂p. HmWhpw hnjphpw {InkvXpa- pw dwkm-\p-sa√mw tIc-fo-b¿°v {]nb-s∏-´-h-bm-Wv. F√m BNm-cm-\pjvTm-\-߃°pw A\y-a-X-ÿ-cp-sS kulr-Zhpw kl-I-c-Whpw e`n-°mdp-≠v. Blm-c-co-Xn-bnepw tIc-fo-b¿ hyXy-kvXX ]pe¿Øp-∂p. \ΩpsS {]`mX `£W hn`-hß - f - mb CÕ-enbpw tZmibpw ]p´pw CSn-b∏ - hpw F√mw tIcfo-bc - √ - mØh¿°pw {]nb-¶c - a - mbn°gn™n-cn-°p-∂p.- hn-`h - k - a - r-≤h - pw kzmZnjvThp-amb tIc-fo-bc - o-Xnbn-ep≈ kZy A\y-tZ-i-°m¿°pw CjvS-ambn°gn™n-cn-°p-∂p. Npcp-°Ø - n¬, tIc-fob kwkv°m-cØ - ns‚ khn-tij kuIpamcyw A\y- t Z- i - ° msc Ctßm´v BI¿jn°p∂ Hcp kp{]-[m\ LSI-am-Wv. D F∂m¬ distance Zqcw˛tIc- f Øn¬ Zqcw Hcp {]iv\-tab-√. \o≠p \o≠p InS-°p∂ lcn-X-`w-Kn-bm¿∂ Hcp alm-\-K-c-amWv tIc-fw. ChnsS hr£-e-Xm-Zn-I-fn-√mØ aW¬∏-c-∏pItfm Pemw-i-an-√mØ Dujc `qanItfm C√. kpZo¿L-amb IS¬Øochpw im¥-kp-µc - a - mb Pem-ib - ß - fpw Aw_-c-Npw-_n-I-fmb ae-\n-c-Ifpw Hs° tN¿∂v tIcfw F∂ Cu sNdp kwÿm-\sØ at\m-l-c-amb Hcp hmk ÿ e-am-°n-am-‰p-∂p. ka-io-tXmjvW-amb Imem-h-ÿbpw hnt\m-Z-k©mc tI{µßfpsS kar- ≤ nbpw kwkv - ° m- c - k - º - ∂ - c mb P\- ß fpw tIc-fsØ A\y-tZ-i-°m¿°p-°qSn {]nb-s∏-´X - m-°n-Øo¿°p-∂p. F∂m¬ Irjn `qan-bnepw I¿j-I-sØm-gn-emfn-I-fpsS -e-`y-X-bnepw h∂ Ipdhv \sΩ AXn-thKw Hcp- D-]-t`m‡r kwÿm-\-am°n am‰n-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. Chn-SpsØ sXmgn-en-√mbva ]cnl-cn-°m≥ Ign-bmØ-t∏mgpw A\y-kwÿm\ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ \ΩpsS \n¿ΩmW taJ-esb ssIb-S-°m≥ XpSßp-∂p. hnhckmt¶-XnI taJe-bnse IpXn-®p-Nm´w kº-∂cpw km[m-c-W°mcpw XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw h¿≤n-∏n°p-Ibpw AXns‚ ^e-ambn tamjW- ß fpw Ih¿®- I fpw IqSp- I bpw sNøp-∂p. Kh¨sa‚pw P\-ßfpw k∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-Ifpw kl- I-cn®v ka-{K-amb Hcp I¿Ω ]cn-]mSn Xømdm-°n-bm¬ Cu {]iv\-߃-s°-√mw Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc \n›nX kab]cn-[n°p- ≈ n¬ ]cn- l mcw Is≠- Ø m≥ Ignbpw. F¶n¬ am{Xta ""ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w \mSv'' F∂ hnti-jWw ]q¿Æambn A\z¿∞-am-Ip-I-bp-≈q. teJ-I≥ Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw {]kvC≥^¿ta-j≥ _yqtdm ap≥ Ub-dI - vSd - m-Wv.

40

tUm. Un ssj≥Ip-am¿

Xn

cph\¥]pcw hgp-X-bv°m-´p≈ Irjn-sb-∂m¬ hIp-∏p-`-cWw am{Xa√, aÆns\ sacp-°p∂ amXr-I-Iƒ IqSn-bmWv. CXv sXfn-bn-°p-∂-XmIs´ Irjn hIp-∏ns‚ tXcp sXfn°p∂ a{¥n sI.]n. taml-\≥ - Xs∂. lcn-Xt- am-l\ - amb Irjn ImW-Wsa-¶n¬ a{¥n aµncamb km\-Up-hnte°v h∂m¬ aXn. H∂√ H∂n-e[nIw Irjn-am-Xr-I-Iƒ tIhew H∂-c-tb-°-dn¬ ImWmw. CXn-\nsS \qdv Zn\ -I¿Ω-]-cn-]m-Sn-°n-S-bn¬ ss]søm∂p s]‰p. Ip™n-∏-iphns‚ Ip´n ]nd-∂-tXmsS a{¥n aµncw Djm-dn-emWv. kµ¿i-Ic - psSbpw klm-b° - m-cp-sSbpw {i≤ sXmgp-Øn-te°v Xs∂. ^b¬Øn-c-°n-\n-S-bn¬ \n∂pw tKmIp-eØn-se-Øm≥ a{¥n taml-\\v aSn-bn√. Kn±-∏-ip-hns‚ Km¿Uv Hm^v HmW¿ kzoI-cnt® as‰-¥n-\p-ap≈q F∂ ZrV-{]-Xn⁄. ]m\q-cns‚ Irjn-s∏-cpa hgp-X-°m´v FØn-®-t∏mƒ a{¥n aµn-csØ AXv Xmcpw Xfncpw NqSn®p. Irjnsb-¥m-bmepw AXv ssPh-co-Xn-bnem-I-W-sa∂ \n¿_-‘-ap≠v Irjna-{¥n°v. F¥m-bmepw {_n´ojv doP‚p-am¿ Xo¿Ø km\-Up-hnse Htc-°¿ `qan-bn¬ \n∂v C∂v H∂mwXcw lcn-XK - mY Db-cp-Ib - mWv. kz¥w {]bXv\w sIm≠v AXn\v

A`n-hm-Zy-a¿∏n-°p-hm≥ Irjn-a-{¥nXs∂ ap∂n-ep-≠p-Xm\pw. km\-Up-hn-se-Øp∂ Bscbpw hc-th-ev°m≥ Ib¿∏-¥-en¬ tXmcW-sam-cp°n imcn-I-∏-b¿ Dub-em-Sp∂p≠v. t{]mt´m-t°mƒ ewLn-®msW-¶nepw Xmtgm´v Xqßp∂ {]nb¶ ]mhbv° s]mena Im´p∂p≠v. ]n∂m-ºp-dsØ Irjn-`q-an°mbn lcn-X-°pS \nh¿Øn tN\ hncn™p \nev°p∂p. `mcy tlaP ]m\q-cn¬ \ns∂-Øn® t\{¥≥Xs∂ Irjn-tØm-´-Ønse Xmcw. ck-IZ- f - nbpw, sN¶-Zf - n-bpsa√mw IÆq-cns‚ D≈p-d∏v Im´n ]Se Xncn™p \nev°p∂p. \qdvZn\ I¿Ω-]-cn-]m-Sn°v aptº sh≠bpw hgp-X-\bpw ]qhn´v \qdp-ta-\n-bnseØn. hgp-X\ ]qkm-]¿∏n-sf-¶n¬ sh≠ A\m-anI C\w Xs∂. ]nd-In¬ HØ-\-Sp-hn¬ tImgnIƒ°mbn anI® IqSp≠v. doP‚ v `c-W-Øn¬ kq{]-≠n-\mbn \n¿Ωn® IqSm-c-Øn¬ a{¥n taml-\s‚ {]nbbn\w {Kma-{]nb tImgn-Iƒ c≠v Uk-t\mfw. \mS≥ap´ \m´p-aWw tNmcmsX In´p-sa∂v a{¥n-`mjyw. Hgn™ tImWn¬ H∂mw-Xcw sXmgpØv. \mev ss]°ƒ°v kzmX-{¥y-ambn \nev°mw. Kn±-∏-iphn-emWv IqSp-X¬ {i≤. \hw_¿ 2011


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

]m\q-cns‚ Irjn-s∏-cpa hgp-X° - m´v FØn-®t- ∏mƒ a{¥naµn-csØ AXv Xmcpw Xfncpw NqSn®p. Irjn-sb-¥m-bmepw AXv ssPh-co-Xn-bn-em-IW - s- a∂ \n¿_-‘a- p≠v Irjn- a-{¥n°v. F¥m-bmepw {_n´ojv doP‚p-am¿ Xo¿Ø km\-Up-hnse Htc-°¿ `qan-bn¬ \n∂v C∂v H∂mw-Xcw lcn-XK - mY Db-cp-Ib - mWv. kz¥w {]bXv\w sIm≠v AXn\v A`n-hm-Zy-a¿∏n-°p-hm≥ Irjn-a{- ¥nXs∂ ap∂n-ep-≠p-Xm\pw. Imk¿tIms´ Ip≈≥ ]ip-°ƒ a{¥n°v lcw-Xs∂. ]m¬ Gdn-bm¬ Ccp-\mgn. ]m¬tkh Huj-[-tkh IqSn-bmWv. F¶nepw I∂n-°n-Sm-hn\v Xs∂ AXv A\p-h-Zn-®p-\-evIm≥ a{¥n DØ-c-hn-´n-cn-°p∂p. kzmX-{¥y-Zn-\-]-XmI Db-cp∂ ap∂nse ]qt¥m´w C∂v ]®-°-dntØm-´-amWv. AXn\v AXn-cp-\n-ev°p\hw_¿ 2011

∂Xv Db-c-Øn¬ hf¿∂ sN©oc Xs∂. HØ \Sp-hn¬ F√m-Øn\pw km£n-bmbn IrjvW-hn-{Klw. tIm¨-{Io‰v XqWp-I-fmsI ]®-°dn hf-cp∂ t{Km_m-Kp-I-fmWv. X°mfnbpw IØn-cnbpw. Irjn-bn¬ a{¥n°v Hcp ]m\q¿ S®p≠v. ]Tn-®Xv Fbvtdm-t\m-´n-°¬ F©n-\o-b-dnwKv BsW-¶nepw a\- n¬ Rm‰p]m-´ns‚ CuW-ap-s≠-¶n¬ AXv Irjn-bn-se-Øp-sa∂v a{¥n°dnbmw. aÆv, aW¬, NIn-cn-t®mdv, aÆn-cI-tºmÃv F∂nh \nd® t{Km_m-Kn¬ Xfn-cn-Sp-∂Xv {][m-\ h - n-fb - m-sW-¶nepw Np‰nepw Nocbp≠v. Noc ]Xn-\©mw ]°w sImøp-tºmƒ \qdmw Zn\w apJy-hnf ]cp-h-amIpw. cmk-hfw Ct√-bn√. aÆn-c-I-tºmÃv Hcp-]nSn BgvNtXmdpw. Hcp Nnc-´-sh≈w \nXyhpw. AXmWv ]m\q¿ ssien. IoS-sØbpw tcmK-sØbpw Xpc-Øm≥ If-cn-apd Xs∂ thWw. \mene FØn-bm¬ hfw hnXdpw. XpS¿∂v th∏v Fa¬j\pw _nth-dnb F∂ an{X-Io-Shpw {]tbm-Kn°pw. tcmKsØ sNdp-°m≥ kyqtUm-tamWkv F∂ ]qgn-°-S-I-\p≠v. F√mw \mev an√n Hcp en‰¿ sh≈-Øn¬ F∂-XmWv IW°v. \qdv Zn\-sa-Ønbm¬ ]ns∂ as‰mcp hnj≥. t{Km_m-Kn¬ hnf am‰n

{]tbm-Kn°pw. _mKn\v am‰-an√. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw tIm¿-∏-td-j≥ Im¿jn-I-I¿Ω-tk-\-bmWv km\-Uphn-te°v t{Km_mKv kmt¶-Xn-IX FØn-®Xv. `qan°v kz¿Æ-∏m-Z-kcw Xo¿Øv aØ≥ \ne-tØm-Sp∂p. Ce-®m¿ØpIƒ sIm≠v IpS-hn-cn® πmhn¬ hcn-°-®° ^e-`mcw AWn-bn°p∂p. doP‚ v kmbn∏v \´ Rmh¬acw ]g-ß-tf¥n \mhp Idp-∏n-°m≥ ImØp-\n-ev°p∂p. ]∏mb sImØn-∏-gp-∏n-°m≥ Infn-I-fpsS a’cw. aÆn¬ \n∂v a[pcw IS-s™-Sp-°p∂ t]c-acw Nn√-I-fn¬ timWna hnS¿Øp∂p. AØn B¿Øn-cºn Imbv°p∂p Irjn km\-Up-hn¬ ChnsS Hcp taml-\-kz-]v\-ambn ]qh-Wn-bp∂p. "`c-W-Øn-c°v' Irjn sNøm≥ XS- -ta-b√. ImcWw Irjn apf-s]m-´p-∂Xv a\- n¬ \n∂mWv. ^b-e√ hb-emWv Fs‚ a\- n¬ F∂p Irjn-a{¥n ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXn¬ Rm‰p-]m-´ns‚ CuW-ßfp≠v. AXv ssIc-fn-bpsS Irjn°v CW-ßp-∂-Xm-Wp-Xm\pw. te-JI - ≥ arK-kw-c-£W hIp-∏n¬ ]ªnIv dnte-j≥kv Hm^o-k-dmWv t^m¨: 9847111827

41


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

Xt±-i-`cWÿm-]\ `mc-hm-ln-I-fpsS HmW-td-dnbw h¿≤n-∏n-®p Xt±-i` - c - W ÿm]-\ß - f - nse sXc-s™-Sp-°s - ∏´ P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-If - psS {]Xn-amk HmW-td-dnbw 1.4.2011 apX¬ {]m_-ey-tØmsS Xmsg ]d-bp∂ {]Imcw h¿≤n-∏n®v DØ-ch - m-bn. (k.-D.(-A®Sn) \w. 260/2011/Xkz-`h, XobXn 20.10.2011). Xt±-i`- cWÿm-]\w {]kn-U‚ v/tab¿ Pn√m ]©m-bØv tªm°v ]©m-bØv {Kma]©m-bØv tIm¿∏-td-j≥ ap\n-kn-∏m-en‰n

6900 6300 5600 6900 6300

sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v/ sU]yq´n tab¿ 5600 5000 4300 5600 5000

Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n sNb¿am≥

AwK-߃

3700 3400 3100 3700 3400

3400 2800 2500 3100 2800

_Uvkv kvIqfp-Iƒ°p≈ hnZym-`ymk {Km‚v sNe-h-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\v \n¿t±iw _Uvkv kvIqfp-Iƒ°p≈ hnZym-`ymk {Km‚ v sNe-h-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ \n¿t±iw k¿°m¿ ]pd-s∏Sphn®p. CXp {]Imcw Xt±-i-ÿm-]-\-߃ Bcw-`n-®n-´p≈ _Uvkv kvs]jy¬ kvIqfp-Iƒ°v hnZym-`ymk hIp∏v {]tXyI \n¿t±-i-߃ \¬In A\p-h-Zn-°p∂ {Km‚ v XpI {]kvXpX DØ-c-hnse \n¿t±-i-{]-Imcw Xt±-i-`-cW ÿm]-\Øns‚ sk{I-´-dn-bp-sSbpw {]kn-U‚n-s‚bpw kwbp-‡-amb t]cn¬ _m¶v A°u-≠n¬ \nt£-]n-°p-Ibpw Cu XpI \n¿t±-in-®n-´p≈ {]Imcw _Uvkv kvIqfp-Iƒ°mbn am{Xw sNe-h-gn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv. {]kvXpX A°u-≠n¬ a‰p XpI-Iƒ \nt£-]n-°p-hm≥ ]mSn-√m-ØXpw {Km‚ v hchv sNehv IW-°p-Iƒ {]tXy-I-ambn FgpXn kq£n-t°-≠Xpw (kvIqƒ {Km‚ v _p°v) HmUn‰v sNbvX IW-°p-Ifpw [\-hn-\n-tbmK k¿´n-^n-°-‰pIfpw ]©m-bØv IΩ-‰n-bpsS Adn-thmsS hnZym-`ymk Ub-d-IvS¿°v bYm-k-abw \¬Ip-Ibpw sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv. _‘-s∏´ Xt±i`cW sk{I-´-dn-am¿ ssI]-‰p∂ {Km‚ v XpI-bpsS hnhcw ]©m-bØv A°u-≠n¬ tcJ-s∏-SptØ-≠Xpw {]tXyI ]m v _p°n¬ \nt£-]n-®-Xmbpw sNe-h-gn-®-Xmbpw ¢m n-^n-t°-j≥ ImWn®v D]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xm-Wv. tI{µ k¿°m¿ {Km‚ v e`n-°p∂ kµ¿`-ß-fnepw CtX \S-]-Sn{Iaw ]men-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. {Km‚ v e`n-°p-∂-Xn\v Xmakw t\cn-Sp-Itbm Ahy-‡-X -D-≠m-hp-Itbm sNøp∂ kml-Ncyw IW-°n-se-SpØv X\Xv ^≠v/πm≥ ^≠v/hnI-k\ amt\-Pvsa‚ v ^≠v F∂nh \nb-am-\p-krXw D]-bp-‡-am°n HmW-td-dnbw Dƒs∏-Sp∂ sNe-hp-Iƒ XS w IqSmsX \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂-Xn\pw ^≠v e`n-°p∂ apdbv°v {]kvXpX XpI Xncn®v {]kvXpX ^≠n-te°v apX¬°q-´pIbpw sNøm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. hnZym-`ymk hIp-∏n¬ \n∂pw CXn-\Iw e`y-amb {Km‚ v XpI sNeh-gn-°m-Ø-h¿ {]kvXpX XpI sNe-h-gn®v Nm¿t´Uv A°u-≠‚ns\ sIm≠v HmUn‰v sNbvXv [\-hn-tbmK k¿´n-^n-°‰v \¬tI-≠-Xm-Wv. (k.-D.(-km-[m) \w. 2517/2011/Xkz-`h, XobXn 31.10.2011).

IÆq-cn¬ ]©m-bØv Poh-\-°m-cpsSbpw s]≥j≥Im-cp-sSbpw kl-I-c-W-kwLw DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp IÆq¿Pn-√b - nse ]©m-bØv Poh-\° - m-cp-sSbpw s]≥j≥Im-cpsSbpw kl-Ic - W - k - w-La - mb IÆq¿ Pn√m ]©m-bØv Fwtπm-bokv B‚ v s]≥j-t\gvkv tIm-˛H - m-∏t- d‰ohv skmsk-‰n-bpsS DZvLm-S\w ]©m-bØv kmaq-ly-t£-ah - I - p∏v a{¥n tUm. Fw. sI. ap\o¿ \n¿∆ln-®p. sI.Fw. jmPn Fw.-F¬.F A≤y-£X hln-®p. AwK-ßfpsS CS-bn¬ anX-hybw, kzbw ]cym-]vXX - m-t_m-[w, ]c-kv]c klm-ba - \-ÿnXn F∂o KpW-߃ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-Ibpw AXn-te°v Bhiy-amb ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Bhn-jv°c - n®v \S-∏n-em-°p-Ibpw sNøpI, hnhn[ Xc-Øn-ep≈ \nt£-]-߃ AwK-ßfn¬ \n∂pw kzoI-cn-°pI, kwLw AwK-߃°v hnhn[ Bh-iy-߃°p≈ {lkz, a≤y, Zo¿LIme hmbv]Iƒ \¬Ip-I, kl-Ic - W - k - wLw cPn-k{v Sm-tcm, a‰v AwKoIrX GP≥kn-Itfm AwKo-Ic - n-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ {]Im-ca - p≈ hmbv]IÆq¿ Pn√m ]©m- b Øv Fwtπm- b okv B‚ v Iƒ \¬IpI XpSß nb h b mWv skmssk‰ nb psS Dt±i e - £ - y-߃. s]≥j-t\gvkv tIm-˛-Hm-∏-td‰ohv skmssk-‰n-bpsS - n-bpamb DZvLm-S\w ]©m-bØv h-Ip∏v a{¥n tUm. Fw. sI. F≥. {]Zo]v Ipam¿ {]kn-U‚pw cmlp¬ cma-N{- µ≥ sk{I-´d ap\o¿ \n¿∆-ln-°p∂p. `c-Wk - a - n-Xn-bmWv {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ \nb-{¥n-°p-∂X - v. Xt±-i-kzbw`-cW hIp-∏p-ambn _‘-s∏´ k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hp-Iƒ, k¿°p-e-dp-Iƒ, Kk‰v hn⁄m-]-\-߃ F∂n-h-bpsS ]q¿Æ-cq]w www.lsg.kerala.gov.in -sh_vssk‰n¬ e`y-am-Wv.

42

Edited and Published by K.R. Muraleedharan IAS, Director of Panchayats, Govt. of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 033 \hw_¿ 2011 and Printed for GLM at Akshara Offset, Thiruvananthapuram.


]©m-b-Øv cmPv

{Km-a \-K-c `-c-W-Øn-s‚ t\¿-°m-gvN - I - f- p-am-bn

te-J-\߃  -am-XrIIƒ  A-\p-`h߃ 

  

-^o-®-dpIƒ A-h-tem-I\߃ hm¿ØIƒ

hm-bn-°p-I h-cn-°m-cm-Ip-I ]cky \nc-°v Xp-I

(cq-]bn¬)

hm¿jn-I h-cn-kw-Jy : 120 cq-]

I-h¿ (A-h-km-\-]pdw) I-f¿

:

12000/-

I-h¿ (Dƒh-iw) I-f¿

:

10000/-

I-h¿ (Dƒ-h-iw) ªm-°v & ssh-‰v

:

8000/-

a-‰p t]-Pp-Iƒ (I-f¿)

:

8000/-

hn-emkw:

a-‰p t]-PpIƒ (ªm-°v & ssh-‰v)

:

6000/-

A-c t]-Pv (I-f¿)

:

5000/-

A-c t]Pv (ªm-°v & ssh-‰v)

:

3000/-

F-Un‰¿ / ]-©mb-Øv U-b-d-IvS¿, ]©m-b-Øv cm-Pv amknI ]-©mb-Øv U-b-d-IvS-td‰v, ayq-kn-bw ]n.H., Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw˛695033

\hw_¿ 2011

Un-am‚ v {Um-^v-‰m-tbm, a-Wn-Hm¿-U-dmtbm A-b-bv-°pI.

43

Panchayatraj_nov2011  

panchayat_nov2011

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