Recycling Product News November/December 2019, Volume 27, Number 8

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The CBI Magnum Force 6400CT Horizontal Grinder is an extreme-duty machine engineered for resilience and high production when grinding contaminated demolition debris, railroad ties, whole trees, pallets, storm debris, shingles, logs, mulch, slash, and stumps. The revolutionary new “cassette style” clam shell design allows end-users to completely swap out rotors. Go from grinding to chipping in half the time!

OVERVIEW • Four interchangeable rotors for application versatility

• Built from a fully welded and line bored hog box

• QAN electric hydraulic controls

• Segmented drum, forged drum, 2-pocket chipper, 4-pocket chipper

• CAT C27; 1050hp engine (Option - CAT C32; 1200hp engine)

• 60″ wide infeed conveyor (15′ in length)

• 450 gallons / 1,703 litres fuel capacity

• Flexxaire Auto-Reversible Fan for automated cleaning

• Forged 40″x60″ downswing rotor

• Production rates up to 200 tph


WE’RE GROWING TO SERVE YOU BETTER We are excited to announce the opening of our new branch in Woodstock, Ontario. Due to market demand, we have expanded our crushing, grinding, shredding, screening and material handling equipment sales, rentals, services and parts, and are ready to serve you!

CALL US: 1-855-667-4911




Bernhard Schuster CEO Heizkraftwerk Altenstadt GmbH & Co. KG Germany

Thanks to its extremely powerful engine, long shaft length and aggressive intake, the twin-shaft Urraco 95 DK shredder makes short work of every material. Extremely efficient and reliable with low wear and tear, this machine is maintenance-friendly and has a low rate of energy consumption per tonne of shredded material. Learn more:


CONTENTS NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2019 | Volume 27, Number 8

B.C., is operating the first automated facility of its kind

33 ADVANCING AEROBIC COMPOSTING Freestate Farms’ advanced system in

Virginia to allow for processing of 80,000 tonnes of organic waste yearly


dealing with a new waste stream that is literally growing like a weed

42 Q&A WITH WM’S BRENT BELL RPN caught up with Waste

Management’s VP of recycling to talk about the state of the industry


Our picks for top technology and equipment innovations of the year


cover story


by Jackie King

On the cover: Fabio Scaldaferri, owner and founder of Pacific Mattress Recycling. FOLLOW US @recyclingpn

52 November/December 2019




NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2019 VOLUME 27, NUMBER 8 EDITOR Keith Barker; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlyn Till; 604-291-9900 ext. 330


EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Lawrence Buser; 604-291-9900 ext. 310 ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili; 604-291-9900 ext.110 ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 MARKETING & BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER Arnie Gess; 604-291-9900 ext. 115 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto; 604-291-9900 ext. 325


CIRCULATION; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong FOUNDER Engelbert Baum Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906






6 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in ­Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e­ xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2019, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.


High time for innovation


We can reduce the environmental impact of the cannabis industry and pave the way for a greener future.” Tom Szaky

ho would have guessed five or six years ago that we would see the legalization of cannabis in Canada before 2020? We did in October 2018, and from the start it has been amazing to see how quickly the waste and recycling industry has mobilized to deal with what is in effect an entirely new, very high-volume, multimaterial waste stream. The newborn legal cannabis industry, growing larger by the month, generates a massive amount of byproduct, including millions of tonnes of both organics and packaging. This issue, our contributed article “The highs and lows of cannabis industry waste management regulations,” provides a concise breakdown of the as-yet very underdeveloped Canadian rules and regulations surrounding the proper management of organic waste generated by the cannabis industry. Let’s just say the regulations are a work in progress and there is a lot to think about for anyone interested in getting into business. On the packaging waste side of the industry, reaction has also been quick. Concurrent with the official legalization of cannabis for sale and consumption in Canada in October 2018, TerraCycle and Tweed (a subsidiary of Canopy Growth Corporation) launched Tweed | TerraCycle, Canada’s first and largest cannabis packaging recycling program. After one year, with 280 retailers across the country established as part of the program, they captured more than one million pieces of cannabis packaging material for recycling, totalling over 22,000 pounds of plastic containers, tubes and bottles. According to TerraCycle CEO and founder Tom Szaky, park benches, picnic tables and playgrounds are among products that can be created from recycled cannabis packaging

collected through their program. “Solutions do exist for items that may seem difficult to recycle,” he said. “Together we can reduce the environmental impact of the cannabis industry and pave the way for a greener future.” TerraCycle, in this editor’s opinion, is a top innovator in our industry. With headquarters in New Jersey and Canadian operations in Ontario, the company specializes in the collection and recycling of difficult-to-recycle waste such as cigarette butts, for example, based on partnerships established with major manufacturers and retail brands. Besides their recently established program for capturing cannabis industry packaging waste, in 2019 alone TerraCycle announced new programs in place for packaging and product waste generated by manufacturers in industries including hair and skin care products, baby food, eyewear, alcohol beverage pouches, disposable razors and toys. Managing waste materials from the brand level forward is undoubtedly key to making real progress in our industry. TerraCycle is just one among many companies that should be commended on their efforts in finding new, profitable ways to collect and recycle the immense range of products we produce and consume. Another example of a standout innovator, Pacific Mattress Recycling – our cover story – has found a way to automate the process of recycling mattresses and is on its way to recycling one million units within the next few years. Plus, in the spirit of innovation, this issue we present our first wrap-up of the year’s standout equipment and technology, all designed to make the recovery of valuable used materials more efficient, flexible, profitable and safe. Enjoy. Send us feedback on our content any time.

Keith Barker, Editor 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305


8 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

FOLLOW US @recyclingpn

Waste Wood Shredding


Rotochopper has partnered with Lindner to offer the

DK Series Shredder, the first step in handling railroad ties, contaminated C & D, telephone poles or cable spools.

Best for removing metal contaminants before grinding!

Factory Direct • Employee Owned • Global Support Contact us today: 320-548-3586 •


Recology adds robotics and optical sorting to Pier 96 Recycling Center San Francisco–based Recology recently added four Max-AI AQC (Autonomous Quality Control) units and one VIS (Visual Identification System) to Recycle Central, a 200,000-square-foot MRF the company operates on San Francisco’s Pier 96. Max-AI technology is supplied by Eugene, Oregon–based Bulk Handling Systems (BHS). The AQC units employ a camera-based vision system and artificial intelligence (AI) to identify recyclables and a robot to sort them. The investment in the highly advanced technology aligns with the company’s mission to produce even cleaner bales – and sustain San Francisco’s recycling program. One Max-AI AQC unit is in a PET quality control (QC) role to remove contamination and capture non-CRV PET. The other three monitor the plant’s container line to boost recovery, capturing any remaining PET, HDPE and mixed plastics. VIS monitors the

outbound residue, providing MRF operators with real-time and trending material composition of outbound material, allowing them to gauge performance and adjust the system to optimize recovery. Four robotic sorting machines are learning to identify different types of plastics, remove them from conveyor belts of mixed materials at rapid speed, and deposit them into appropriate categories for further sorting. “Automation is the next step toward technological advancement in recycling,” said Maurice Quillen, general manager of Recology San Francisco, the operating company that runs Recycle Central. “The magic of Recycle Central continues to be people utilizing the latest technology to recycle more materials while producing high-quality bales of sorted recyclables. The robotic sorting machines at Recycle Central will be used to perform some of the dirtier jobs,


Alamo Group completes acquisition of Morbark ​ lamo Group Inc. announced on October 24 that it has A completed the previously announced acquisition of Morbark, LLC. Based out of Winn, Michigan, with operations in Ohio and Quebec, and a former portfolio company of Stellex Capital Management, Morbark has been acquired for a total consideration of approximately $352 million. Alamo Group is a specialist in the design, manufacture, distribution and service of highquality equipment for infrastructure maintenance, agriculture and other applications. Ron Robinson, Alamo Group’s President and CEO commented, “We are very pleased to have completed this acquisition as Morbark is a strong fit with Alamo. Their products complement ours and they have been growing steadily in a sector which should continue to perform well. As is our general practice, we intend to maintain the Morbark brands in the market place and are glad that Dave Herr, president of Morbark, will continue in that role as part of Alamo Group. This is an exciting opportunity for our company.”

10 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

and employee-owners will be assigned more technical positions, developing new skills needed to manage and maintain high-tech equipment,” Quillen said. “BHS has a longstanding relation-


Women’s Recycling Alliance bolsters first-year success with international members It started out as a simple concept to try and accelerate equality and diversity within a typically male-dominated industry. But after only one year in existence, the Women’s Recycling Alliance (WRA) has grown substantially from a standing start, gaining momentum throughout the U.K. and overseas, with members also joining the network from Ireland and Switzerland. The initiative is the brainchild of Sarah SanpherMcDowell, a waste professional with more than seven years’ experience, and development director at Clearpoint Recycling. With Clearpoint as the first organization to back the venture, the WRA aims to empower women who work in waste, provide a platform to discuss challenges in industry, plus develop their confidence and leadership skills. Female representatives from companies including Viridor, Veolia U.K. and Yorwaste Ltd. are already on board, and after a



ship with Recology as a supplier of MRF systems and equipment,” said BHS Sales Manager Richard Sweet. “We’re thankful that they chose BHS and Max for this important technol-

ogy upgrade, which is one that the company’s employees and community stakeholders can be proud of. Max is a new technology that allows for new sorting achievements; by adding four Max units to the Recycle Central MRF, Recology continues to show that it’s a company that truly cares about maximizing quality and recovery,” Sweet continued. Designed and constructed by Recology in partnership with The City of San Francisco, Recycle Central opened in 2002 and serves as key infrastructure in San Francisco’s recycling program, widely recognized as a top program in North America. Recycle Central sorts approximately 750 tons of material every day over two shifts. It is the largest shipper of recycled paper on the West Coast and sends more than 30 shipping containers of recycled commodities six days a week to paper mills, glass plants and other manufacturers that purchase recycled materials to create new products.

significant first year, according to Sanpher-McDowell, all eyes are now on what the group can achieve heading into 2020. Commenting on the milestone achievement, SanpherMcDowell said: “I set up the WRA in June 2018 with the aim of connecting like-minded women throughout the waste and recycling industry. It’s important to highlight that I, personally, have only ever had positive experiences working in the sector. But we can’t get away from the fact that there is a gender imbalance in this field. The WRA therefore exists to make a positive change to the future of the industry, by encouraging the development of the talent that already exists within it, establishing more relationships between businesses and hopefully inspiring other women into the sector.”

Recycling Partnership announces first circular economy roadmap The Recycling Partnership has announced the first-ever roadmap aimed at addressing systemic issues in the U.S. recycling system and catalyzing the transition toward a circular economy for packaging. The report, “The Bridge to Circularity: Putting the ‘New Plastics Economy’ into Practice in the U.S.” is inspired and endorsed by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation whose New Plastics Economy Global Commitment unites more than 400 businesses, governments and other organizations behind a common vision and targets to address plastic waste and pollution at its source. According to “The Bridge to Circularity,” there is no single solution to transition to a circular economy (defined as an economic system aimed at eliminating waste by design, keeping materials in use and regenerating natural systems.) To build a bridge between the current system and an optimized circular system, The Recycling Partnership, along with partners including the Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR), is calling for a set of concrete actions based on several distinct issues currently undermining the U.S. recycling industry. One of these issues is the speed of packaging innovation which has outpaced the capabilities of current recycling infrastructure. Currently, most plastic packaging is either not being collected for recycling or is simply not currently recyclable. To meet the New Plastics Economy Global Commitment target that 100 percent of plastic packaging will be reusable, recyclable, or compostable by 2025, brands, organizations, and governments must align packaging with the realities of the current recycling system while also investing to advance the system.

November/December 2019


UPFRONT GFL acquires AGI Group


Waste Robotics and Torxx partner on C&D sorting system in Atlanta

Quebec City–based Waste Robotics recently announced a partnership with Torxx Kinetic Pulverizer for the deployment of multiple WR-2 C&D sorting robots in conjunction with a Torxx Kinetic Pulverizer in the Atlanta region. The agreement includes the supply of three robots to sort C&D waste and various type of green waste. “By combining two innovative technologies we enable our end-client to sort and prepare C&D recycled material to meet specific market needs,” said Eric Camirand, CEO of Waste Robotics. According to Peter Everson, CEO of Torxx Kinetic Pulverizer, “The ability to control the quality of the end-product with robotic sorting and our size reduction technology is key to market end products.”


Epax and Heinz Bergmann sign agreement on Ropax rotary compactors Epax Systems, Inc. recently signed an exclusive manufacturing and distribution contract for the U.S. market with Germanybased Heinz Bergmann OHG for Ropax rotary compactors. Epax, based in Los Angeles, California, began test marketing their new line of rotary compactors in North America, under the brand name Ropax, several years ago. These rotary compactors utilize a powerful rotating drum to shred (or macerate) bulky waste streams including construction materials, shipping pallets, crates and skids. The flagship product is the Ropax Roll-Packer, ideal for compacting bulky waste and recyclable materials in dumpsters and other open-top waste containers.

12 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

Vaughan, Ontario–based GFL Environmental Inc. has acquired the AGI group of companies, including Ground Force Environmental, Robert Cooke Trucking and WasteAway Recycling Environmental. AGI is a leading provider of environmental remediation and waste management services, primarily within the Kitchener– Waterloo, Ontario, area. “The acquisition of AGI expands and complements GFL’s existing liquid waste and soil remediation capabilities in Southwestern Ontario,” said Patrick Dovigi, GFL’s founder and chief executive officer. “We look forward to welcoming AGI’s management team and employees, led by Dan Forsyth, to the GFL team, and continuing to provide its customers with sustainable environmental solutions.”

Steinert waste and recycling business to continue as UniSort As of October 1, RTT Steinert, the Zittau, Germany–based subsidiary of Steinert GmbH, is pooling all resources relevant to its customers in the waste and recycling sector at one location. The company will be doing business in Zittau under its new name, Steinert UniSort. “With the reorganisation, we are answering our customers’ wish for short and efficient channels of communication and to incorporate refinements into projects more quickly,” said Peter Funke, CEO of the Steinert Group.

Stadler opens new global headquarters in Germany Stadler, the specialist in designing and assembling sorting plants for the recycling and waste disposal industry, opened new global headquarters in Germany on Friday, October 18. According to Stadler, the company’s new ultra-modern, five-storey building has the space to accommodate the company’s recent and future growth. Stadler has assembled more than 350 recyclables sorting plants and installed more than 3,000 sorting machines worldwide.



Frontline Machinery expands service with new Ontario branch In order to meet market demands, Frontline Machinery has opened a new branch in Woodstock, Ontario. With a regional customer focus, this branch offers new and used equipment options for sale and rent, in addition to an extensive inventory of spare and wear parts. Like their flagship location in Chilliwack, B.C., Frontline Ontario will be carrying and servicing the same lines of crushing, screening, shredding and material handling equipment including Keestrack, CBI, Neuenhauser, Optical Belt Scale, as well as a full-service mechanical shop and on-site field support. “We are thrilled to officially open our facility in Woodstock, Ontario,” commented Frontline Machinery President Daryl Todd. “The timing was key as we continue to build our presence in that market. The opening of this facility ensures new and existing customers in the Ontario region will receive the highest level of quality service that we have built our reputation on.” Earlier this year, Frontline Machin-

ery took home Continental Biomass Industries’ (CBI) Dealer of the Year award, presented at the company’s annual Factory Forum in October.


Tigercat acquires ROI Effective September 30, Tigercat Industries Inc., based in Ontario, completed the purchase of Ragnar Original Innovations (ROI) based out of New Hampshire, USA. ROI, founded by Anders Ragnarsson, is an established manufacturer of material processing machinery used in the construction, forestry and recycling industries, with a speciality in grinders and shredders. (An ROI wood-waste processor is shown above.) 519.400.5204




November/December 2019



Rotochopper and Lindner announce distribution partnership

Rotochopper and Lindner Recycling have announced a new partnership agreement by which Rotochopper will offer sales representation and service support for the DK and Atlas models of Lindner’s shredder product lines. “Rotochopper’s knowledgeable sales and service teams have been working GLASS RECYCLING

KC Recycling to take on all of Canada’s CRT TV glass

Trail, B.C.–based KC Recycling, a recycler of cathode ray tube (CRT) glass from old TVs, as well as leadacid batteries and electronic scrap, has announced significant investment in added capacity. Following a recent announcement about the closure of a smelter in New Brunswick which formerly handled Eastern Canada’s CRT waste glass material, going forward KC Recycling will handle all of Canada’s scrap CRT glass recovery. In order to expand capacity, the company is adding jobs and is investing significant capital in production equipment to increase daily throughput. The investments include an automated conveyance and storage system at the KC Recycling facility in Trail. “The whole team at KC Recycling is proud to expand its operations to serve all of Canada,” said Pete Stamper, chief executive officer of KC Recycling.

with customers in the wood waste and C&D markets for over 30 years,” commented Jamey Brick, Rotochopper’s COO. “We are excited to offer these customers a durable and high-performance shredder from Lindner that will present additional capability to accommodate waste with higher contamination.”

Lindner Recycling, Inc. was founded in 1948 and based in Spittal/Drau, Austria. With three production facilities there, and over 300 employees worldwide, Lindner’s product portfolio ranges from stationary and mobile shredders for waste management through complete systems for plastic and wood recycling. “We are excited about this partnership because both companies keep things simple,” said Rotochopper CEO Tosh Brinkerhoff. “We both focus on producing high-quality machines and taking care of the customer after the sale. This similar approach makes the foundation strong for a win-win relationship. Most importantly, it provides us with the opportunity to support our customers who have a need for this type of equipment in their operations.”


Sobeys and LakeCity Plastics diverting plastic bags for public spaces in Atlantic Canada Sobeys Inc. recently announced plans to donate a collection of public seating made entirely of recycled plastic bags and heavier recycled plastic materials such as bins, to be installed in family-oriented community spaces across Atlantic Canada. The first piece, the specially designed Ultimate Picnic Table was unveiled October 29 on the Halifax Waterfront (shown right). This large table and bench system is built from 60,000 recycled plastic bags. Sobeys is working with Dartmouth-based LakeCity Plastics to create the pieces and has partnered with Develop Nova Scotia and other Atlantic government partners to select accessible, family-focused public spaces on waterfronts across the region. LakeCity Plastics Executive Director Liam O’Rourke comments, “This was a natural partnership for us. We know that Sobeys is focused on sustainability, and supports reusable alternatives. It’s exciting to see an important public project come to life with such an iconic brand. From a sector perspective, having Sobeys decide to “buy social” and support one of our budding enterprises shows their great community leadership in so many ways. This is an exciting project with both social and environmental benefits, a win-win for Nova Scotia.”

14 Recycling Product News November/December 2019



MyScrapMachine new online marketplace for used recycling equipment is a new online marketplace for recycling, construction and demolition equipment in North America. The new website connects scrapyards and demolition industry owners and professionals

with the world’s largest selection of mostly used and demonstrator machine models. My Scrap Machine was co-founded by a small group of industrial entrepreneurs and specialists involved in the

equipment industry for decades. The site is meant to allow direct negotiation between buyers and sellers, allowing users to list machinery for free as well as upload photos, specifications and contact information.


EREF expands into sustainable materials management

The Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF), a nonprofit charity organization based out of North Carolina, works toward funding innovative research to helps the waste management and recycling industry move forward and adapt to changes in policy and regulations. (In 2017, EREF began working with the Ontario Waste Management Association to strengthen the funding of Canadian-based research and scholarships for sustainable solid waste management practices.) Most recently, EREF announced it will be stepping further into the sustainable materials management space. According to the organization, growth into this space comes at a time when a number of industries are in search of solutions to more efficiently reuse and reduce waste. EREF’s new strategic direction will help directly manage relationships between manufacturers, brands, consumers and the waste and recycling industry. “Expansion into sustainable materials is a natural progression of EREF’s mission,” said Bryan Staley, EREF president and CEO. “We’ve occupied that space for years, through projects like the Solid Waste Optimization LifeCycle Framework (SWOLF) model, and it only makes sense that we take on a bigger role. EREF is well-positioned to have a huge impact on the way materials are sourced, produced and disposed of.”

We all want to run faster and get higher throughput. But at a certain speed, paper and light materials start to float around the belt. Until now.



DEFT AIR provides a steady airflow to stabilize light materials on the conveyor. Conveyor can accelerate while Deft Air maintains the relative speed of the material, keeping it still on the belt. Optical sorters increase their accuracy, and you increase your throughput and purity.

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November/December 2019


SPOTLIGHT Digitalized reverse vending

CBI debuts 6400CT Horizontal Grinder Continental Biomass Industries (CBI) premiered the 6400CT Horizontal Grinder in September at the company’s 2019 Factory Forum held at CBI headquarters in Newton, New Hampshire. The CBI Magnum Force 6400CT Horizontal Grinder is an extreme-duty machine engineered for resilience and high production when grinding contaminated demolition debris, railroad ties, whole trees, pallets, storm debris, shingles, logs, mulch, slash and stumps. These grinders feature four interchangeable rotors and a revolutionary new “cassette style” clamshell design that allows endusers to completely swap out rotors faster than any other grinder in its class, according to CBI. Operators can go from grinding to chipping in half the time compared to previously, and can accept jobs with varying material demands. “The 6400CT’s cassette-style rotor is a great example of CBI’s customer-driven product development,” said George Wilcox, director of sales and marketing at CBI and Ecotec – Americas. “This is an excellent machine for customers who demand productivity, reliability and versatility without compromise.”

TOMRA Collection Solutions recently launched a bundle of digital products, free of charge, for its reverse vending customers. Available for all new and existing retail customers, the Tomra Digital Starter Pack extends the value of reverse vending for retailers and their shoppers beyond the machines’ core function of receiving empty bottles and cans for recycling. The Digital Starter Pack provides retailers with monitoring and control capability, insight and analytics for instore reverse vending machine (RVM) activity, and ensures a smoother recycling experience for end users. “The launch of the Digital Starter Pack welcomes retailers to the digital era of recycling,” said Kurt Schilling, TOMRA Collection Solutions Digital.

Digestate dryer designed to improve compost quality A water content that is too high can slow down the composting process and reduce the quality of final product. The BRT HARTNER Digestate Dryer is a fully automated continuous dryer engineered to homogenize, loosen and dry digestates and fermentation residue, while simultaneously driving ammonia out of material by pressure ventilation. Organic material is moved through the machine with a scrape chain conveyor and pressure ventilation of the material with preheated air ensures an optimized output of water and ammonia via the exhaust air. In addition, exhaust air is captured for treatment and the unit’s conveying line is equipped with special mixing and turning rollers. Material is thoroughly mixed, homogenized and loosened up during treatment, and a decompaction unit at the discharge side ensures even material output.

16 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

With a filling volume of 60 cubic metres, the throughput capacity and the treatment time in the BRT DCD Digestate Dryer can vary from 10 to 120 cubic metres per hour.


Latest from Visual Workplace creates SMART facility floor Visual Workplace, Inc. now offers a complete line of highperformance vinyl floor symbols ideal for heavy-traffic industrial plants such as recycling facilities. Peel-and-stick Floor-Mark symbols are designed for durability and easy maintenance and installation compared to typical tape and paint methods. Floor-Mark floor symbols and decals create a SMART floor environment, directing behaviour and adding visual organization and safety to any workplace environment by communicating clearly defined work areas, lanes, emergency exits and navigation.

Lindner Micromat 1500 shredder At K 2019, the world's largest trade event for plastics and rubber, held October 16–23 in Germany, Lindner introduced the next generation of their Micromat shredder. The new Micromat 1500 shredder is an entrylevel model with a rotor length of 1500 mm. It is available globally and has been optimized to meet current market demands in the plastics industry with a new cutting system and redeveloped software and controls. According to Lindner, the Micromat 1500’s most innovative feature is its new Multiplex Cutting System. Thanks to the three-dimensional arrangement of the rotor knives, this exceptional system can shred almost any plastic, according to Lindner, which adds that output can realistically be increased by about 40 percent on average, compared to previous technologies. “During development, we tested a wide range of materials together with our clients and optimized this cutting system’s geometry to cover as many types of plastic as possible,” said Stefan Scheiflinger-Ehrenwerth, Lindner. “The long-term test finally revealed that the new Multiplex rotor not only increases the throughput enormously, but in some cases even multiplies it.”

Model 4 The new model 4 E-Z log Baler is just what mid size scrap yards have been asking for! Priced right for any yard — small, mid size, or large! Like the Model 3, the NEW Model 4 has no set up time and a very low cost to operate. The one man operations are all handled from the newly designed cab. With the 400º rotation crane and a reach of 27’ adding the continuous rotation grapple, it makes loading the larger chamber a breeze. Taking your loose scrap to a highly sought after shreddable log.

— Cycles in under 2 minutes! — Produces up to 70 tons per day. — Fully portable in the closed position. — New seat design for more operator comfort.

November/December 2019



FUCHS launches MHL 375 and MHL 310 to North American market In 2019 Fuchs launched the new MHL 375 and MHL 310 material handling machines to the North American market. The MHL375FHD, originally launched at bauma 2019, is a new, state-of-the-art material handler that is suitable for scrap handling and port applications, featuring telematics and the option to be powered by either a diesel or electric motor. Bridging the gap in the 130,000–154,000 pound category, the MHL375F HD has a huge undercarriage, is impressively agile, and has a modular system that lets customers customize their machine to their own requirements, such as from dual or single tires, loading systems with a reach of 59 feet up to 72 feet and various lifting cab systems. “Fuchs continues to build momentum in North America, through growing our dealer network and leading with innovation by supplying the marketplace with new products,” said Tim Gerbus, Fuchs’ North American sales director. “The MHL 375 satisfies the end user looking for a 145,000-pound machine in the heavy scrap usage arena and the MHL 310 is used for waste recycling and recovery. Both of these machines have the latest updates from Fuchs which helps make the operator more productive.” The MHL 310 is designed for flexibility in various applications such as sorting, loading high volumes of waste, and feeding baling presses. Thanks to a wide choice of practical options, the MHL 310 can be perfectly adapted to any task. It has a maximum reach of 29.5 feet, closed hydraulic circuit for slewing and an operator viewing height of 17 feet. All Fuchs material handling machines are equipped with comfortable, updated cabs, easy maintenance features, and an excellent panoramic view.

Subpod in-garden system takes work out of composting Subpod is a new modular in-garden composting system that processes high volumes of food waste and other organic matter, using worms and microbes. The Australia-based company behind Subpod says their system is specifically designed to double as modern garden seating while turning food waste into nutrient-rich soil, without the hard work, mess and odours of traditional composting methods. The Subpod’s unique design embeds the composting unit directly into the soil, allowing worms and microbes to move freely below ground, and transferring key nutrients between the compost in the Subpod and the surrounding soil. Plus, by being completely odourless, this system doesn’t attract rats or flies, while removing 80 percent of the workload of traditional composting. Subpod is compact yet has the capacity to compost half a tonne of food waste (that of an average family home) annually, as well as being scalable for large community and commercial applications. “By simply taking the hard work out of composting and providing education and support to beginners, we are building a global community of waste warriors who are turning waste into a key resource and having fun while doing it," said Saadi Allan, CEO of Subpod.

18 Recycling Product News November/December 2019


Powerscreen reintroduces Phoenix trommel line Powerscreen is bringing back the Phoenix range – one of the company’s original machine ranges – to its product portfolio. The Phoenix range is a collection of trommel machines that are predominantly used in recycling applications such as C&D waste, wood chippings, top soil, compost and green waste. The Phoenix range includes the Powerscreen Phoenix 1600 which comes in both Formerly known as tracked and wheeled versions, the midSAME COMPANY. NEW LOOK. size Powerscreen Phoenix 2100 and the larger flagship Powerscreen Phoenix 3300 (shown here). “The global waste management market is becoming more and more prevalent as government initiatives are geared toward better environmental practices, so it is an ideal time to bring back the Phoenix range with its proven track record in recycling applications,” commented Neil Robinson, Bunting’s patented SSSC® Stainless Steel Separation Conveyor™ Powerscreen.

Increase Product Purity and Increase Profit with Bunting’s Stainless Steel Separation Conveyor maximizes your stainless steel recovery and removal in auto shredding and wire chopping streams. • Recover up to 98% of small and mid-fraction 300 series stainless steel • Recover up to 94% of large fraction stainless steel from ASR zurik lines. • Achieve maximum removal of stainless steel and ferrous dust from wire fraction. • Provides you with the purest zurik, maximizing your scrap metal recovery profitability.

Avery heavy-duty tags protect assets Avery’s Permatrack line of heavyduty Metallic Asset Tags are designed to protect equipment and other assets such as smartphones, laptops, machinery, tools or diagnostic instruments in a wide range of industrial applications, including waste and recycling. Permatrack asset tags are waterproof and resistant to tears, abrasion and chemicals, as well as shock-free. They are specifically designed to guard against theft, loss and misplacement while improving workflow, maintenance and overall asset management.

The SSSC provides a level of separation that other equipment simply cannot achieve. Maximize your product purity and profitability by integrating the Bunting SSSC into your facility.

Visit for more information or call 316-284-2020 800.835.2526 / BUNTINGMAGNETICS.COM

November/December 2019


SPOTLIGHT Guidetti Sincro Mill wire and cable recycler available from Gensco Equipment

Gensco has introduced what the company is calling the most advanced compact wire and cable recycling system in the world: the Guidetti Sincro Mill. Now available in North America through Gensco Equipment, based out of Toronto, the Sincro Mill wire and cable recycling system, from Italybased manufacturer Guidetti, was designed for small to large recyclers. These small-footprint machines are engineered to allow for the simultaneous processing of rigid to small fine cable and wire without the need of pre-selection or pre-sorting, other than grade or scrap specification. In addition, according to Gensco, with a preshredder placed before it, the Guidetti Sincro Mill is a fully integrated system that includes a high-speed primary granulator, a zig-zag separator to remove heavies, a secondary Turbo refining mill and a vibratory air separation table. Thick metal coming from plugs, connectors, rigid wires, etc., are removed by way of

the zig-zag separator, while thin shredded cable is further reduced in the refining mill, improving quality of separation and reducing loss of fine metal or shavings in tailings. Clean chop (end product) leaves the machine in one direction, in which lighter waste is moved away from the machine by way of an adjustable air control sifting system. Plus, light dirt and waste is extracted by a self-standing dust collector connected to the plant, and an optional radiator bypass and/or aspiration system can be added to recover fine metals. C



New models and cab configurations available from Hino Motors Canada Next generation Hino COE and Conventional cab models made their debut in October at the North American Commercial Vehicle Show in Atlanta, Georgia, with availability as of spring 2020. According to Hino Motors Canada (HMC), the company has unified its entire lineup, including model names, to make it easier for buyers to match trucks to specific business needs, and each vehicle series now includes a full suite of features, adding safety, fresh designs, durability and flexibility. New models include the M Series, Class 4 and 5, COEs (cab over engine models), and L Series Class 6 and 7 Conventional trucks, along with Hino’s new XL Series Class 8 models. The new COE truck models have been upgraded with an all-new grille design complete with optional LED headlights and an enhanced 6-speed Aisin HD automatic transmission with gear hold feature. Interior upgrades include a new shifter layout, steering wheel controls, an all-new gauge cluster including a 4.2-inch LCD multiinformation display, and a driver’s seatbelt sensor. Hino’s new medium duty Conventional series is represented by the Hino L6 and Hino L7 models, boasting a re-engineered interior, bolder chrome grille and front fascia with LED headlights, and a new three-piece bumper with an aerodynamic spoiler. New Extended cab and Crew cab configurations are also available.

20 Recycling Product News November/December 2019






90,000-pound-capacity lifts handle big trucks Mohawk Lifts recently announced the Mohawk Vertical Rise Lift model VRL, which range in capacity from 33,000 to 90,000 pounds. These Vertical Lifts are available in runway lengths from 23- to 48-feet long with the lift available in surface, flush or recessed mount versions. Like all Mohawk Lifts the VRL Vertical Lift comes with a variety of options such as rolling wheels free jacks, track lighting or galvanized versions for wash bay applications.


What if you could improve your C&D, single stream, and MSW recyclables sorting by separating 3D, 2D and ďŹ nes in one operation? The Komptech Ballistor separates usable fractions from waste by combining ballistic separation with screening. An efďŹ cient electric drive system and low power requirements keep energy costs low with long service life. Find your complete waste separation solutions at



Shredded foam on the line inside Pacific Mattress Recycling. Photos by Carsten Arnold.



acific Mattress Recycling Inc. was started by Owner and President Fabio Scaldaferri in Vancouver in 2008 along with three other young entrepreneurs. In 2018, the company, known more commonly as Mattress Recycling, established a new multi-million-dollar facility in Hope, B.C. and is now the largest operation of its kind in Western Canada, a certified living wage employer, and a leader in the automated recovery of used mattresses. According to Scaldaferri, one of the first tasks they turned their attention to after starting the company was to influence change in regional legislation surrounding the system for managing end-of-life mattresses in B.C. “We went to Metro Vancouver council meetings and presented the case for a ban on mattresses, box springs and futons from landfill and incineration,” he says, and a ban was fast-tracked to start in January 2011. Scaldaferri believes it to be the very first of its kind in the world for such a large region. Currently, most of B.C. is regulated by a similar ban. “Landfills in general dislike mattresses, because they are high volume, low weight,” explains Scaldaferri. “Mattresses are basically bad for the business of running a landfill. They’re bad for compaction and tough on equipment. Our solution to recycle them is an easy sell at the landfill because they’d much rather get rid of them.” He says as soon as the landfill ban on mattresses was implemented in Metro Vancouver, the change for their business was significant. “All of a sudden our incoming stream went from about two to three thousand mattresses yearly to 65,000. Over the last decade, in total we’ve processed more than 750,000 mattresses.”

November/December 2019



Fabio Scaldaferri with polymer foam plastic material, which is the main component of used mattresses.

Most modern mattresses use

pocket coils which have a very low amount of metal or steel, and are very difficult to deconstruct by hand. Mass market mattresses are made mostly from foampolymer (plastic) and engineered textiles.” Fabio Scaldaferri, Pacific Mattress Recycling


According to Scaldaferri they have created a world-first system for recycling mattresses at the Hope facility with respect to their automated process. “We’ve invested in an automated system, which we’ve developed over many years of trial and error, which has taken our need for warehouse personnel from 45 to 4,” he says. “We purchased over three acres of industrial land here and invested in high-quality equipment. We designed a customized system in our building and built our 21,000-squarefoot facility specifically for our line and for our purposes with respect to safety and efficient operations.” The Mattress Recycling facility in Hope includes 22 loading bays and one graded drive-in entrance. Scaldaferri says it is also significant that they are located at a junction of five major highways. “We are located in a spot that is much more conducive to efficient, profitable, safe recycling than where we used to be.” He explains that before settling into their location in Hope, they moved their business six times to various leased locations, including the Mitchell Island industrial park and other locations in

24 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

and around Vancouver, looking for the right fit. “It’s hard to find buildings that are suited to this kind of use,” he says, adding that fire is a huge issue in the recycling industry, and that Pacific Mattress Recycling has been forced to rebuild twice due to fire. In their new facility, Scaldaferri has emphatically addressed the issue by building multiple fire-suppression systems into his line. “We’ve now invested over two million [dollars] in machinery, systems and technology, from established suppliers and another three million for our facility and property,” he says. In their mattress recycling process, key machinery includes electromagnets, grinders, shredders, screens, conveyors and systems for sorting and picking lines, as well as balers for their end-product – mostly baled plastic polymer. They also run two electric-powered forklifts for moving material around their facility. “We keep things quite orderly and we’re set up for high-volume, consolidated loads. Ideally, we prefer delivery of mattresses in larger loads, using a 53-foot dry van, because it maximizes efficiency and minimizes costs. This is why we have so much room inside our facility and so many bays on our building.”

He says once mattresses are loaded into their facility, the first stage is grading by eye to determine the state and exact composition of the mattresses they are dealing with. Mattresses then go through their automated process, by which they are eventually completely deconstructed and baled into saleable commodities. The main end-market for Mattress Recycling’s recovered materials is the domestic flooring industry in North America, where materials such as foam and mattress toppers are used to make new recycled-content flooring and carpet. Steel is also recovered and sent to local facilities for repurposing. Non-marketable residuals from their process, he says, are sent to the local cement industry to feed their kilns. This provides alternative fuel (coal replacement) for cement companies, and provides Scaldaferri’s business with a responsible, sustainable way to deal with the waste material produced from the

The Vecoplan shredder inside Pacific Mattress Recycling. mattress recycling process. Beyond mattresses, Scaldaferri’s business over the last several years has seen some diversification as they continue to add a variety of end-of-life product categories including shoes, textiles, car seats and plastic film to their list of acceptable items. The facility also accepts

major appliances for free as part of the MARR (Major Appliance Recycling Roundtable) program, as well as household packaging such as glass, paper and plastic through Recycle B.C., and actively seeks out community partners for unique projects. Most recently, they processed recycled shoes for a well-

Harris equip 1/2 mag

November/December 2019



Mattresses are moved around using electric-powered forklifts and are graded, shredded and baled for sale to domestic end markets including the flooring industry. known Vancouver shoe brand to create the base for a new playground.


It’s a common misconception that mattress-fill and pillow-top material is made mostly out of cotton, or that there are a lot of metal springs in the average mattress. Today’s mattresses are made almost entirely out of plastic polymer material, apart from some metal and wood in box springs. “Modern mattresses don’t contain much metal at all,” Scaldaferri explains. “Most of them use pocket coils which have a very low amount of metal or steel, and are very difficult to deconstruct by hand. The actual amount of steel in mattresses overall has greatly reduced in the last several decades.” He continues, explaining that the modern mattresses’ bulk is made of polyurethane foam, which is a petroleum-derived plastic polymer material – plastic. “You don’t see cotton downing anymore, unless buying a boutique mattress,” he says. “Mass market mattresses include mostly foam and quilting –

which are polyester or nylon engineered textiles and other synthesized fabrics.” He adds that the volumes of different material they recover from mattresses also depends on where a particular load originates. Mattress loads hauled to their facility from landfills, or the relatively small amount dropped off by the public, are a mix of mostly newer foam mattresses and some older styles, including the older metal-spring-based mattresses they see, which is not a great amount overall. A major source of incoming used mattresses for Pacific Mattress Recycling is from the furniture and hotel industries. Their contract with one global furniture/retail giant, which operates a mattress-return program based out of their outlets near Vancouver, brings in a large amount of mattresses every year, almost entirely foam-polymer based. “Hotels are definitely another huge source of used foam-polymer based mattresses, and they regularly do floor-byfloor switch outs for new mattresses,” explains Scaldaferri, adding that hotels are mandated within Metro Vancouver to recycle their mattresses and not land-

26 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

fill or incinerate them. This is similar around most of B.C. “We just did a back-to-back switchout (multiple floors) recently with a major hotel in Vancouver, and we picked up about the equivalent of fourteen 53foot trailers full of mattresses.”


With a near-province-wide regional ban on mattresses to landfill or incineration in place and an established, dedicated, cutting-edge mattress recovery operation such as Pacific Mattress Recycling in Hope, there is no question that B.C. is among global leaders in mattress recycling. In fact, Scaldaferri says, communities across the province have been diverting mattresses from landfill and incineration for many years. “Many communities in B.C. send mattresses to us voluntarily, with no localized ban in place,” he says. “But the ban definitely helped us and has created a unique situation in B.C. It has sparked a trend in the province and is speeding progress on mattress recycling.” He adds that a ban to landfill and


You begin each day before dawn with a drive and determination to do more than the day before. When you move at this pace, you know to do more you need equipment that is made for more. That’s why our recycling equipment, like our 6400XT Wood Hog Horizontal Grinder, is built from the ground up to meet your needs, delivering: More Power and Production Consistent, Quality End Product Lower Operating Costs Ease of Maintenance Greater Longevity and Resale Value

If you’re ready to operate equipment that’s made to keep pace with you, then we invite you to contact the authorized dealer in your area listed to the right or go to to find your local authorized dealer. Your Morbark dealer will work with you to assess your needs now and in the future, as well as offer equipment recommendations, financing options, wear parts and service if you should ever need it.

COVER STORY incineration is not the only way to make progress on mattress recycling. The other way is Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). With respect to EPR for mattresses, Scaldaferri points out that California, Rhode Island and Connecticut have mattress EPR programs in place, with somewhere between 9 to 12 facilities that recycle mattresses in each state. In all three states with mattress EPR in place, manufacturers and retailers of mattresses are mandated to help pay for the end-of-life programs for their products, which means basically that buyers pay through increased costs at the point of sale. According to Mike O’Donnell from the U.S. Mattress Recycling Council, and director of the mattress EPR program in California, their program is processing about 1.5 million units per year, after four years in operation. In Canada, Scaldaferri says, we don’t have any such established mattress EPR, but it has been the topic of a number of recent industry roundtables and he hopes it will be in place soon. “Unfortunately, we don’t have an EPR system yet, but we’re advocates for this change,” he says. “There needs to be more movement toward both landfill bans and EPR, and regulators in Canada need to move quickly.” Another element required to increase the amount of mattresses being recycled he notes (similar to all recyclable materials) is capital – increased investment in the sector. “I’ve been in the recycling industry for more than 10 years now,” he continues. “The recycling industry is very under-invested in. It’s my biggest frustration with our industry overall. Recycling is top of mind for most Canadians, but where is the capital? There’s an ‘impact investing’ movement, but I don’t feel like it’s moving fast enough. The tech sector is the investment darling, and dollars just aren’t flowing into recycling.” He continues, “With a company like this, I’m 100 percent owner, and I started it when I was in my 20s and Continued on page 60.

Outside the Pacific Mattress Recycling facility in Hope, B.C.

Fabio Scaldaferri and the Pacific Mattress Recycling team inside their facility – one the first fully automated mattress recovery operations of its kind in the world.

28 Recycling Product News November/December 2019


Presenting the newest technologies for cost-efficient recycling.



Presenting the newest technologies for NEWS cost-efficient recycling.


Presenting the newest technologies for NEWS cost-efficient recycling.



n these rapidly changing markets, we’ve been focused on assisting our customers to upgrade existing plants while also commissioning new installations that have the flexibility to prepare fornthe future. Whether it’smarkets, a these rapidly changing we’ve new system from the ground up or existing DeftAir wind system been focused on assisting our customers to system enhancements, operators have upgrade existing plants while also commismany options to consider trying sioning when new installations that have the flexto reach the market’s high purity ibility to prepare for the future. Whether it’s a air systems and other equipment help to prepare standards. new system from the ground up or existing DeftAir wind system the material. system enhancements, operators have One of our new “prep steps” is our unique Cleaning the paper to consider when trying sizing deck—a screening process that acts We are seeing amany majoroptions increase in the to reach the market’s high purity air systems and for other equipment help to prepare to size and prepare material downstream use of optical sorting to clean up paper, standards. the material. separation equipment. This allows both positive like one of our northeastern customers of our new Cleaning paper and negative sortingOne processes to be“prep donesteps” more is our unique who installed four new TOMRAthe optical sortsizing deck—a screening process that acts We are seeing a major increase in the effectively, resulting in cleaner material. It’s a true gameers and our paper magnet for a recent plant to size and prepare material for downstream use of optical sorting to clean up paper, changer in plant operation. upgrade. This customer had a wide range of separation equipment. This allows both positive one of of plant our northeastern customers objectives for itslike series upgrades, but and negative sorting processes to be done more who installed four new TOMRA optical sorta critical mission was to clean up its mixed DeftAir keeps things stable effectively, cleaner material. It’s a true gameers and our paper magnet for a recent plant paper. The upgrade has allowed our client to Another key piece of preparation equipment is resulting our new in DeftAir wind system. changer in plant operation. upgrade. This customer had a wide range of produce some of the cleanest mixed paper DeftAir allows operators to dramatically increase paper quality with intelligent objectives for its series of plant upgrades, but and OCC we’ve seen from a MRF. The MRF is separation while maintaining very high production rates. a critical mission was to clean up its mixed DeftAir keeps things stable consistently below 2 percent on its prohibiThe system sits in front of separation equipment and blows a steady stream paper. The upgrade has allowed our client to Another key piece of preparation equipment is our new DeftAir wind system. tives in its mixed paper. of air to stop fiber and other lightweight materials from floating as the accelerator produce some of the cleanest mixed paper DeftAir allows operators to dramatically increase paper quality with intelligent belt reaches speeds of 1,000 feet per minute. The combination of stable fiber and and OCC we’ve seen from a MRF. The MRF is separation while maintaining very high production rates. high speed ensures the optical sorters achieve maximum sorting efficiency, while Preparation is key consistently below 2 percent on its prohibiThe system sits in front of separation equipment and blows a steady stream the system achieves Intelligent separation (optical sorters, robots, tives in its mixed paper. of air tohigh stop production. fiber and other lightweight materials from floating as the accelerator Two of ourbelt customers on either coast feet haveper installed to increaseofthe etc.) plays a pivotal role in reducing labor costs reaches speeds of 1,000 minute.DeftAir The combination stable fiber and accuracy of their opticals, and several more units are going in. and making clean end products. high speed ensures the optical sorters achieve maximum sorting efficiency, while Preparation is key But for any ofIntelligent this technology to be suc- sorters, robots, the system achieves high production. separation (optical cessful, the material that isa fed to itrole needs to be labor Battling the epidemic Twofilm of our customers on either coast have installed DeftAir to increase the etc.) plays pivotal in reducing costs prepared properly. like products. a steady Many operators are stillofrunning plants and designed to 15units yearsare ago for substantial accuracy their opticals, several10more going in. andOptical makingsorters clean end consistent “diet” ofBut homogenized, single-layer, of ONP. The angled screens in these plants were simply not designed for any of this technology to bevolumes sucsimilarly sized material. Proper belt that speeds, for to thebehigh volume of lightweight plasticepidemic bags seen in today’s stream. The result, cessful, the material is fed to it needs Battling the film sizing screens, 440 screens, ballistic separators, prepared properly. Optical sorters like aendless steady wrapping screenare cleaning. Manyand operators still running plants designed 10 to 15 years ago for substantial CONTINUED ON BACKnot PAGE consistent “diet” of homogenized, single-layer, volumes of ONP. The angled screens in these plants were simply designed similarly sized material. Proper belt speeds, for the high volume of lightweight plastic bags seen in today’s stream. The result, Continued on page 32 SPECIAL ADVERTISING FEATURE / Recycling Product News sizing screens, 440 screens, ballistic separators, endless wrapping and screen cleaning.







Presenting the newest technologies for NEWS cost-efficient recycling.



n these rapidly changing markets, we’ve been focused on assisting our customers to upgrade existing plants while also commissioning new installations that have the flexibility to prepare for the future. Whether it’s a new system from the ground up or existing system enhancements, operators have many options to consider when trying to reach the market’s high purity standards.

Cleaning the paper We are seeing a major increase in the use of optical sorting to clean up paper, like one of our northeastern customers who installed four new TOMRA optical sorters and our paper magnet for a recent plant upgrade. This customer had a wide range of objectives for its series of plant upgrades, but a critical mission was to clean up its mixed paper. The upgrade has allowed our client to produce some of the cleanest mixed paper and OCC we’ve seen from a MRF. The MRF is consistently below 2 percent on its prohibitives in its mixed paper.

Preparation is key Intelligent separation (optical sorters, robots, etc.) plays a pivotal role in reducing labor costs and making clean end products. But for any of this technology to be successful, the material that is fed to it needs to be prepared properly. Optical sorters like a steady consistent “diet” of homogenized, single-layer, similarly sized material. Proper belt speeds, sizing screens, 440 screens, ballistic separators,

DeftAir wind system

air systems and other equipment help to prepare the material. One of our new “prep steps” is our unique sizing deck—a screening process that acts to size and prepare material for downstream separation equipment. This allows both positive and negative sorting processes to be done more effectively, resulting in cleaner material. It’s a true gamechanger in plant operation.

DeftAir keeps things stable Another key piece of preparation equipment is our new DeftAir wind system. DeftAir allows operators to dramatically increase paper quality with intelligent separation while maintaining very high production rates. The system sits in front of separation equipment and blows a steady stream of air to stop fiber and other lightweight materials from floating as the accelerator belt reaches speeds of 1,000 feet per minute. The combination of stable fiber and high speed ensures the optical sorters achieve maximum sorting efficiency, while the system achieves high production. Two of our customers on either coast have installed DeftAir to increase the accuracy of their opticals, and several more units are going in.

Battling the film epidemic Many operators are still running plants designed 10 to 15 years ago for substantial volumes of ONP. The angled screens in these plants were simply not designed for the high volume of lightweight plastic bags seen in today’s stream. The result, endless wrapping and screen cleaning. CONTINUED ON BACK PAGE


VAN DYK NEWS Continued from page 29

VAN DYK RECYCLING SOLUTIONS 360 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, Norwalk, CT 06854 P: (203) 967-1100 | F: (203) 967-1199 | OCTOBER 2019 Presenting the newest technologies for NEWS





ommunities throughout North America are implementing recycling programs to extend the life of waste management facilities. Green waste programs have been a centrepiece of these efforts for decades. However, until recently, many green waste recovery programs have only focused on the efficient collection of yard and wood waste material, with the majority of profits coming from disposal fees. Today, savvy composting facilities are flipping that “old” business model on its head by incorporating technology and science to create both renewable

The quality products that we’re able to produce and distribute right now are what makes building a more advanced facility a viable option.”

Jeffery Morton

energy and nutrient-rich compost that can be sold at a premium price.


At the Balls Ford Road Composting Facility in Manassas, Virginia, construction is underway on a new advanced aerobic composting system. When completed in 2020, the facility will be able to process over 80,000 tons (72.6 mt) of organic waste per year, turning it into compost, soil products and non-synthetic fertilizers. The operation is a public-private partnership between Prince William County and Freestate Farms, LLC, a local organic waste recycling and agricultural services and production company. Freestate Farms operates the Balls Ford Road Composting Facility and is responsible for financing and building the new facility. The first phase of the construction project, currently underway, involves using advanced aerobic composting technology to speed up and optimize the composting system. When complete, the system will automatically control the flow of air through concrete aeration floors to maintain optimal aerobic conditions in piles and control odours. In the second phase of the project, Freestate Farms will construct an anaerobic digestion system for processing food waste in a fully enclosed airtight tank, producing methane-rich biogas

and fertilizer products. In the final phase, Freestate Farms, with its roots in organic agriculture, will use the material it produces to generate energy and grow produce for the local area. “It’s taken several years of planning to get to where we are today, but when it’s all complete, people will get a first-hand look of what can be done through a robust recycling program,” said Jeffery Morton, operations manager for Freestate Farms. “All of the work and knowledge we’ve gained along the way is being incorporated into this new system. The quality products that we’re able to produce and distribute right now are what makes building a more advanced facility a viable option.”


Freestate Farms took over operations at the Balls Ford Road Composting Facility back in 2015. The facility takes in yard waste from approximately 150,000 households and 8,000 local businesses and has a permitted capacity of 50,000 tons (35.4 mt) per year. Currently, the facility is handling about 30,000 tons (27.2 mt) tons of material annually. Incoming material is comprised mostly of yard waste such as grass, leaves, tree limbs and some food waste. According to Morton, processing, handling and screening are vital in creating quality end products.

November/December 2019



“Incoming material gets run through our grinder, then stacked in windrows and turned regularly to make sure there are adequate oxygen levels,” Morton said. “That part of the process usually takes between 6 to 8 months. After that, we screen off the larger material, leaving us with nutrient-rich compost and soils that are used by growers and consumers. The larger material is then turned into dense nutrient mulch or added back into the composting piles.” According to Morton, the experienced team at Freestate Farms understands how the material that is screened has an impact on its value and what someone will pay for it. “Screening takes time and is often viewed as a bottleneck in the composting process, but it doesn’t have to be that way,” he explained. “After trying several different models of trommel screens on the market, we discovered that the Vermeer TR626 trommel screen was the right fit for our operations. It’s convenient to operate, reliable and consistently produces, no matter what the moisture content is outside.”


Freestate Farms invested in its fourth Vermeer TR626 several years ago and is anticipating adding another soon. “When we’re thinking about adding a machine, we look at the purchase price and production rates,” explained Morton. “We’ve always found that this Vermeer trommel produces more per hour than any other machine in its price range.

“We consistently produce close to 65 yards (59.4 m) per hour. It’s also efficient with fuel and easy to maintain, which helps keep our running costs low.” Sam Morton, Freestate Farms trommel operator and site manager, added that the TR626 is convenient to use and it does a fantastic job of removing unwanted material from the finished product. “It outperforms anything I’ve operated before,” he explained. “Also, replacing and swapping out screens is pretty darn easy to do too.” Both Jefferey and Sam Morton agree that balancing equipment costs and operating expenses greatly helps Freestate Farms manage its fixed expenses – but fixed expenses are only part of the equation. Composting facilities need to have a demand for the products they are producing. The Mortons give the TR626 high marks for helping in that department. “Word-of-mouth has driven up demand for the compost we produce,” said Sam Morton. “Businesses and homeowners know we produce an excellent product, so we never find ourselves in a spot wondering what we are going to do with all the material we take in. Instead, we hustle every day to try to keep up.”


The public-private partnership formed between the Prince William Board of County Supervisors and Freestate Farms is benefitting everyone in the community.

34 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

“Having a good partner is important for business success. We have that with the county, and with the companies who supply the equipment we use to produce compost,” said Jefferey Morton. “One of the first calls we made after taking over operations in 2015 was to Vermeer Mid Atlantic Recycling & Forestry Specialist Steve Zaicko,” he added. “Steve set us up with the grinder and helped us fine-tune our process. Since then, we’ve added more Vermeer equipment because of the fast and reliable service we received from Steve and everyone at the Vermeer Mid Atlantic dealership in Manassas. Steve is knowledgeable about our business and our equipment needs. It’s partnerships like this one that are helping us get to where we want to be.” The processes and machinery Freestate Farms employ today is definitely also helping them prepare for future operations. By continuing to tweak methods and by consistently producing quality compost and soil products, the team will be ready to take on more in the future. In fact, in just two years, according to the Mortons, the Balls Ford Road Facility is expected to not only double its processing capabilities and handle a broader range of organic waste, but also significantly extend the life of the local landfill. It is also expected increase the county’s recycling rate by 30 percent. John Reasor is a senior product marketing specialist, Vermeer.

Covered aerated static pile system helping San Diego divert 100,000 tons of organics yearly


CS Engineers working with the City of San Diego designed and constructed the covered aerated static pile (ASP) composting system currently in operation at the Miramar Landfill Complex in the northern part of the city. “This unique system diverts more organic material to composting and helps San Diego achieve its goal to reduce the waste flow into the landfill while achieving environmental objectives,” said Pat Sullivan, senior VP at SCS and reviewing principal on the Miramar project team. “The SCS team for this project had the design, engineering and construction experience to complete the project and achieve the city’s objectives.” The ASP composting system employed at the Miramar complex uses semi-impermeable covers for organic materials and above-grade aeration,

which significantly reduces emissions, and is capable of processing more than 40,000 tons of organic waste per year. The system also meets local, state and federal standards for design and installation. With the Miramar facility composting system, combined with a city food waste diversion program which is diverting 60,000 tonnes yearly, San Diego is now capable of diverting 100,000 tons of organic waste from the landfill every year. Together, these programs help the

city meet state landfill diversion requirements, reduce the city’s carbon footprint, create a by-product for gardens and farming, and increase food donations. “This is a unique opportunity to make a positive difference in the lives of San Diegans,” said Vidhya Viswanathan, SCS project manager, and lead engineer on the Miramar project. “This project not only expands the city’s composting operations, but it also provides improvements to stormwater management and odour control.”




November/December 2019






s we pass the one-year anniversary of Canada’s legalization of recreational cannabis, demand continues to rise. Meanwhile, cannabis cultivators and processors have been navigating licensing hurdles in an effort to increase production and profit from that rising demand. But not without challenges. CannTrust, a federally licensed and regulated cannabis producer operating a harvesting facility in Ontario recently had its license suspended by Health Canada for growing cannabis in five unlicensed rooms at its facility. CannTrust is now faced with the dilemma of how to destroy approximately $77 million worth of its inventory and biological assets. The magnitude of the firm’s dilemma is not an issue cannabis cultivators and producers in Ontario deal with every day. However, the situation raises questions about cannabis waste protocol

and regulations in general. With over half of Canadian licenses for cannabis cultivation and/or processing issued to operators in Ontario, it is critical for facility owners and operators to be aware of their legal obligations and liability. Cannabis cultivation and processing produces solid, liquid and airborne waste, with each type of waste raises its own legal concerns. What follows is an overview of how solid cannabis waste is currently regulated under the Canadian Cannabis Act and Ontario’s environmental legislation.


Cannabis is regulated at the federal level in Canada by the Cannabis Act and Cannabis Regulations. The Cannabis Act defines cannabis as any part of a cannabis plant (e.g. flower, leaf and seed) including the phytocannabinoids produced by the plant, and any substance that contains any part of a cannabis plant. This definition of cannabis excludes the roots, non-viable seeds and mature stalks of the plant. Any cannabis material that falls within this definition must be dealt with in accordance with the Cannabis Act and the Cannabis Regulations. Unfortunately, within the Cannabis Act and the Regulations, there is no guidance for producers or licence holders

36 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

about environmental requirements. Despite establishing a stringent regulatory regime for growing facilities, Canada’s Cannabis Regulations do not directly address disposal of cannabis waste and there are no prescribed methods for disposal. However, the Cannabis Regulations do regulate the destruction of cannabis using regulation mirrored on ‘controlled substances’ and narcotic legislation. Licensed cannabis processors and cultivators are authorized to destroy cannabis by methods that: (i) do not expose any individual to cannabis smoke or vapour, and (ii) meet all applicable federal, provincial and municipal environmental protection legislation. Destruction can occur on- or off-site, but Canadian federal regulations require that destruction be completed in the presence of a qualified witness, with security clearance. The regulations also include destruction record-keeping obligations requiring dates, pre-destruction weight, method and identification of witnesses. What amounts to destruction of cannabis is currently undefined in the federal regulatory framework. Under the previous regulatory framework for medical marijuana, cannabis was considered destroyed “when it is altered or denatured to such an extent that its consumption and propagation is rendered impossible or improbable.” Since the term

cannabis includes the phytocannabinoids produced by the plant, there was (and likely remains) a requirement to destroy the phytocannabinoids themselves – not just the physical plant material.


With little guidance from the federal government, much of the regulation of cannabis waste and its destruction is left in the hands of the provinces. What is clear from the federal Cannabis Regulations is that cannabis destruction methods must comply with all federal, provincial and municipal environmental protection legislation applicable to the location where the cannabis is destroyed. Cannabis cultivators, processors and property owners must be aware of provincial environmental laws governing emissions, waste and water use. In Ontario, these include laws set out in the Ontario Water Resources Act, Pes-

ticides Act, Nutrient Management Act (2002) and Environmental Protection Act (EPA). Failure to comply with these laws, or obtain the appropriate permit (an Environmental Compliance Approval or “ECA”), can result in regulatory Orders and prosecutions. In Ontario, the “Kitty Litter Method” (explained below) and landfilling are currently acceptable methods for disposing and destroying of solid cannabis waste biomass. However, with Ontario’s new Food and Organic Waste Framework proposing to ban food and organic waste from landfills by 2022, cannabis processors and cultivators will need to look to alternative methods for disposing of their cannabis waste.


There is little guidance from the federal government on what it currently considers an acceptable method of destroying cannabis. One cannabis destruction method previously endorsed

by Health Canada is referred to as the Kitty Litter Method. The Kitty Litter Method is described in a Health Canada Information Bulletin from 2016 which provides guidance to persons producing cannabis for their own medical purposes. It recommends rendering cannabis unfit for use or consumption by blending the cannabis with water and mixing it with cat litter (for odour control) before disposing of it. The destroyed cannabis can then be placed in the garbage and sent to the landfill. More recently, the Alberta Government released an information sheet to provide “proper management and disposal procedures for cannabis waste. . .” in Alberta. This document provides limited guidance for liquid concentrate waste, as well as compostable vs. non-compostable mixed waste. This document also permits the Kitty Litter Method, requiring a mixture composed of at least a 50 percent non-cannabis waste. The Kitty Litter Method renders the consumption of waste cannabis ‘impos-


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ORGANICS RECYCLING sible or improbable.’ While the cannabis slurry generated by the process is unusable as a narcotic, the phytocannabinoids in the slurry remain intact, which impairs potential secondary use of the waste cannabis biomass. It’s not surprising, therefore, that the only disposal option for the Kitty Litter Method is landfilling. Consider also the heavy cost to producers of purchasing one ton of cat litter for every ton of cannabis waste to be destroyed. Plus, there is the additional cost of sending two tons of material to landfill instead of one. Incineration remains an option for destroying cannabis, if the process does not expose any individuals to cannabis smoke or vapour. Solid cannabis waste, including tree branches, leaves and brush, will likely meet the definition of woodwaste, in which case a waste ECA may be required. There are limited exemptions that may apply for smaller incineration operations, with limited storage. When incinerating solid cannabis waste, producers and cultivators may also require an air ECA to address particulate matter. Incineration may also trigger local municipal regulatory requirements, including fire and building code considerations. A destruction method consistent with Ontario’s Food and Organic Waste Framework, would be to compost solid cannabis waste. This method involves grinding, mixing and incorporating cannabis waste with equal parts compostable mixed waste to render the cannabis unfit for consumption. The cannabis

Cannabis cultivators and processors must pay close attention to applicable environmental laws. Failure to comply with laws can result in prosecutions and fines.” Richard Butler

Vancouver-based Micron Waste’s Cannavore cannabis waste digester technology was patented in 2019. The first-of-its-kind system pulverizes cannabis waste material in combination with microbes and enzymes to compost material and fits in a regular shipping container for transport. waste could then be composted on-site or transported to an authorized composting facility for re-use in agriculture. We have been advised by at least one composting organization that its on-site composting technology de-natures the phytocannabinoids in cannabis waste to non-detect levels. On-site composting may require an ECA for waste. The EPA requires operators of waste management systems and waste disposal sites to obtain a waste ECA. However, solid cannabis waste may be exempted from the requirement for an ECA if it is considered “agricultural waste.” It is currently unclear whether solid cannabis waste meets the agricultural waste exemption, and so, a waste ECA may be required. Solid cannabis waste may also be destroyed on- or off-site with the help of an anaerobic or aerobic digester. Anaerobic digesters allow microorganisms to break down solid cannabis waste in an oxygen-free environment. Similarly, aerobic digesters use naturally occurring microbes to digest solid cannabis waste in an oxygenated environment. We have been advised that both technologies have been shown to significantly reduce phytocannabinoids to non-detect or near-non-detect levels, and both can produce a biomass product ready for agricultural use. It is notable that digesters

38 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

often produce biosolid output, air emissions and liquid waste, meaning ECAs may be required for all three outputs depending on the manner in which they are discharged into the environment. Subject to certain conditions, crop waste can be applied to land in Ontario. A waste ECA is not required for solid waste plant material that has been processed without the use of chemicals if it is transferred for direct transportation to a farm operation to be used to improve the growing of crops. If solid cannabis waste does not meet this exemption, ECAs or non-agricultural source material plans may be required in order to spread solid cannabis waste on agricultural land. This method could be used to dispose of biosolid output from digesters or other solid cannabis waste that has been rendered unfit for consumption. Going forward from here, Cannabis cultivators and processors must pay close attention to applicable environmental laws. Failure to comply with laws can result in prosecutions and fines. Those seeking to establish new cannabis operations should seek legal advice with respect to cannabis waste management in order to reduce exposure to environmental liability. Richard Butler is partner, and Raeya Jackiw, associate, at Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP in Toronto.

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n advance of America Recycles Day 2019, held November 15, Recycling Product News caught up with Brent Bell, Waste Management’s vice president of recycling to ask a few questions about the waste and recycling industry giant’s progress over the last 10 years. We talked about the company’s current focus, the challenges of contamination, and expectations for the future of the industry.

Keith Barker: What would you say is one of the most significant changes you’ve seen since you started with WM Inc. over 20 years ago? Brent Bell: When we converted from dual-stream to single-stream collection, which for many of our plants, occurred 15 to 20 years ago, we saw about a 40 percent increase in diversion rates. What we’ve seen in the last decade however is that the larger carts we started to use when we switched to single-stream are now coming back with excessive contamination rates. One of the challenges we’ve faced over the last few years has been the educa-

WITH WASTE MANAGEMENT VP OF RECYCLING BRENT BELL tion of our customers on the right items to put in their carts. KB: Is going back to a dual-stream system, in light of increased contamination rates at the curb, something that WM is considering? BB: We get that question a lot. If you remember dual-stream programs, they were very inefficient in terms of collection; half of a truck was filled with fibre and the other half was filled with non-fibre. When half the truck would fill up, that truck would have to break off the route to go and empty a half-full truck. It’s more work for the drivers as well at the curb, and drivers are now one of our hardest to fill positions. For us, dual-stream doesn’t make sense for various reasons. Recently Waste Management also made a big push to convert our fleet to automated side loaders, and essentially take the drivers and helpers off the street. From a safety perspective, automated side loaders in single-stream programs are the way to go. The final point I’ll make is that if you look at recycling infrastructure today, out of our 100 facilities, including those

42 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

handling C&D, we have only a few dual-stream facilities. Most recycling infrastructure in North America has switched over to single-stream. And where there are still dual-stream programs today, they’re not much cleaner than our single-stream programs, in terms of contamination. KB: What would you say is one stand-out technological innovation that is helping WM drive the future of recycling? BB: In recycling, we use cameras to identify contamination in a customer’s bin prior to it being picked up, or on our tip floor. Camera-based technology today is also artificially intelligent, learning to identify new items and materials as it goes. This is a very key technological advance for us. We’re using camera-based technology for two purposes. One is for safety purposes, because whether it’s batteries, propane tanks or other hazardous materials that come into our facilities, they can cause fires and injuries if not detected and removed. So, protecting our employees from a safety perspective, is where we’re using camera technol-

ogy first. The second place is to be able to send pictures back to our customers showing them their bins filled with a tire or a garden hose or a bowling ball – or something else that doesn’t belong. We can let them know that these items don’t belong in their bin and we have photographic evidence of the contamination. Artificially intelligent camera technology is going to be really helpful for the future of our business – for identifying dangerous objects before they can cause harm to our employees and for notifying customers on the contents of their recycling bin to decrease contamination. This is a significant innovation that we’re going to see move forward over the next few months and into 2020. KB: What about organics? BB: On the organic side, in terms of volumes, it’s a big operation. In the MSW stream today, once paper and other valuables are extracted, organics is the next biggest piece that we can go after. As a company, we’ve been focused on how to best extract organics out of the waste stream and on finding higher value for organics. We now have inner-city organics facilities, we call them CORe facilities here in the U.S., which take mainly food waste from grocery stores and restaurants, and make a sludge used by wastewater treatment plants to accelerate their processes. And we have traditional organics facilities, such as composting and anaerobic digestion, many colocated with our landfills. Organics is another very big opportunity for us in the recycling space. KB: With respect to the development of both EPR and end markets for recyclables, how is the industry doing currently? BB: Manufacturers and brands have started to set goals for the amount of recycled content that they’re going to reuse in their products. In Canada, there’s a lot of great EPR work that goes on. And I think that there’s been a lot of EPR discussions in the U.S. I think a lot more brands are stepping forward and saying, “We’re going to start using recycled content and be responsible for our materials, our prod-

ucts, once their life cycle is over.” Companies are trying to get ahead of this trend before it’s essentially forced upon them. These goals and commitments are really helpful for recyclers because it means that there’s more of a demand for the end markets that we need. That’s going to be a big piece of the conversation I believe going forward. For so many years, when they talked about recycling, people have mainly

talked about supply and diversion rates. We’ve really just begun to have the conversation around how to establish sustainable end markets. I think pushing the discussion toward the end market side is really going to help drive the industry to a better place. RPN

See our entire interview with Brent Bell online at

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rtificial intelligence (AI), optical sorting and robotics have all advanced greatly over the last decade. Combined, these technologies are bringing about very significant change to the recyclables sorting landscape and will continue to play a very prominent role in advancing the efficiency, safety and profitability of recycling a wider range of materials in the decades to come. AI technology, in simplest terms, learns to recognize more waste streams and materials as it operates. When used in tandem with the latest optical and robotic sorting systems, it can automatically separate recyclables with an unprecedented number of picks per minute. All this, while diminishing the need for high-turnover human pickers required to work in the tough, dusty, hazardous environment that is a recycling facility. AI technology is also being used in combination with the latest high-tech camera technology in waste and recyclables hauling and collection. Using a combination of camera technology and AI learning, haulers can now make commercial pickups more efficient and cost-effective for all parties involved because they have the capability to monitor containers for both fullness and contamination. Read on for our breakdown of this year’s top equipment and technology innovations – some of which feature the latest “smart” technology – all of which are specifically engineered to make the recycling of scrap, paper, plastics, organics and an increasingly huge range of materials, more efficient, profitable and safe.

44 Recycling Product News November/December 2019



AMP Robotics Corp., the pioneer in artificial intelligence and robotics for the recycling industry, launched the AMP Cortex dual-robot system (DRS) in the spring of 2019, designed to focus on material recovery in MSW, electronic waste and C&D applications. “The launch of the AMP Cortex dual-robot system marks another key technology milestone for AMP as we continue to advance the application of AI and robotics for the industry,” said Matanya Horowitz, chief executive officer of AMP. “Our latest innovation further improves the economics of recycling by helping waste management companies meet increased quality standards, reduce operational costs, and achieve their productivity goals.” According to AMP, the Cortex DRS expands on the company’s existing product line of high-speed recycling robotics guided by the AMP Neuron AI platform and uses two high-performance robots that rapidly sort, pick, and place materials at an

2019 TOP EQUIPMENT INNOVATIONS: HIGH-TECH SORTING VAN DYK DEFTAIR WIND TUNNEL In 2019 Van Dyk introduced a new wind tunnel called DeftAir to aid in preparing material for optical sorting and allowing for the efficient processing of lightweight materials, such as paper, at a higher throughput. Typically, light sheet paper and film start to fly up and drift when a conveyor speed approaches 550–600 feet per minute. DeftAir is installed on an optical sorter’s acceleration belt and blows a steady stream of air onto the belt to stop fibre and other lightweight materials from floating as belts accelerate. Using DeftAir, a belt can reach speeds of 800–1,000 feet-perminute without causing light materials to float. DeftAir can be installed in conjunction with optical sorting upgrades or retrofitted in front of existing optical units. According to Van Dyk, several DeftAir units have been installed in North America so far, with more on the way.

MSS PRECISIONFLOW EJECT HOOD MSS, Inc., the optical sorting division of CP Group, received a patent in 2019 for their PrecisionFlow eject hood for optical sorters. According to CP Group, when processing lightweight materials such as flexible plastic packaging or single sheets of paper, controlling the trajectory of those types of materials inside the eject hood is challenging. MSS’ newly patented PrecisionFlow eject hood uses a curved design that eliminates back pressure and smoothly guides materials by using air flows along the outline of the wall. This is especially important in optical sorters that operate at higher than conventional speeds, such as the MSS FiberMax which processes material at 1,000 feet per minute (5m/sec). According to independent third party testing, the PrecisionFlow eject hood is capable of 97 percent recovery rates for flexible plastic packaging from contaminated paper streams. To date, MSS Inc. has installed the PrecisionFlow eject hood on over 60 CIRRUS FiberMax and PlasticMax optical sorters. unprecedented speed of 160 pieces per minute. AMP Neuron uses computer vision and machine learning to recognize different colours, textures, shapes, sizes and patterns to identify material characteristics. Then, it directs the robots to pick and place the targeted material. The system is modular in design for easy integration into existing lines and can operate 24/7 with continuous high-precision sorting, preventing contaminants in material streams, and increasing overall quality and purity. November/December 2019



TOMRA X-TRACT X6 FINES & GAIN DEEP LEARNING ADD-ON This fall, TOMRA introduced GAIN (below), a deep-learning-based technology that enhances the performance of TOMRA AUTOSORT sensor-based sorting machines. GAIN technology is an add-on option designed to classify objects based on sensor data, enabling the sorting of materials that previously could not be separated with high levels of purity, and without compromising the throughput speed of sorted materials. “Deep learning increases the sorting sophistication, effectiveness and flexibility of our market-leading AUTOSORT machines,” said Carlos Manchado Atienza, regional director Americas for TOMRA Sorting Recycling. “GAIN technology will allow our sorting machines to adapt to new waste streams, which gives our customers more flexibility to adapt to changing market conditions.” In 2019 TOMRA also introduced the X-TRACT X6 Fines (above right) which uses X-ray transmission (XRT) for highprecision sorting of mixed nonferrous metal fractions, including aluminum. According to TOMRA, the X-TRACT X6 Fines sensor and software enhancements allow for the detection and sorting of metals nearly half the size of currently detectable small fractions material.

BHS MAX-AI AQC-C COLLABORATIVE ROBOTIC SORTER Introduced at Waste Expo 2019, the Max-AI AQC-C from Bulk Handling Systems (BHS) is comprised of Max-AI VIS (Visual Identification System) and at least one collaborative robot (CoBot). According to BHS, CoBots are designed to work safely alongside people which allows the AQC-C to be quickly and easily placed into existing MRFs. The AQC-C can be installed in sort cabins, on narrow walkways and in other tight locations, is easily scalable, and up to four robotic sorters can be added behind each Max-VIS system. Each sorter can sort up to 40 picks per minute and up to three different material types. Max-AI VIS is a standalone piece of equipment used to analyze and report material composition data to operators. The all-new MaxAI product line includes VIS in its standard design with all equipment, rather than incorporated into the equipment structure.

46 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

REFIND TECHNOLOGIES SORTER At the beginning of 2019 Refind Technologies AB, based out of Gothenburg, Sweden, introduced the Refind Sorter, which uses modern artificial neural networks to recognize where items belong, and can do this while collecting comprehensive statistics on the stream and the operations. This sorting technology is available in Canada and the U.S., and according to Refind, is especially suitable for e-waste sorting, either to sort out valuable materials (either for re-use, refurbishment or ‘cherry-picking’ recycling) or to sort hazardous objects from a mixed stream of products or semi-shredded products. For plastics and paper recycling, this technology is designed to use material sensor-based sorting since material is often homogenous or in small enough pieces to be sorted into homogenous fractions.



Machinex unveiled a revised MACH Hyspec optical sorter at Waste Expo 2019. The upgraded unit includes a new overall appearance and ergonomic design, harmonized with Machinex’ SamurAI sorting robot. Plus, newly revised access features allow for a 50 percent reduction in cleaning and maintenance time required and safer overall operation. The new MACH Hyspec design features include a built-in platform allowing a standing working position and incorporating a full-size access door into the ejection hood. Other new features include: an internal guard rail system to ensure the security of workers when inside the machine; easy cleaning of the lighting system and the ejection nozzles bar; an access ladder on the outside of the machine to maintain components accessible from the speed belt conveyor; and a mechanism to easily retract the unit’s air tunnel.

Inspired by natural vision and featuring high speed and reliability, the Eriez NanoRanch A.I. Sorter, introduced at ISRI 2019, uses artificial intelligence to sort a wide range of nonferrous materials with up to 95 percent accuracy when the machine is trained with samples. These sorters are ideal for various applications, including the recovery of coins in auto recycling operations, or printed circuit boards (PCBs) from Zurik or Zorba. The Eriez NanoRanch A.I. Sorter has a capacity of 1,000 pounds per hour and handles materials from 0.5 to 1 inch. Eriez developed the NanoRanch A.I. Sorter in partnership with UHV Technologies.

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TAURUS DIABLO SCRAP & AUTO BALER The Taurus Diablo scrap metal and auto baler DB62, available in North America through Ontario-based distributor ELV Select, is designed specifically for baling of cars and metal shred. According to ELV, these units are built to make very dense bales, with maximum density of 1,000 kg/m3, and to be quick and easy to transport as well as simple to operate, making them ideal for companies with multiple yards or for rental to other metal recyclers. These machines are built by Italy-based manufacturer C&G SRL to be rigid and strong, and to handle the rigours of continuous baling. Units feature diesel-hydraulic aggregate and electrical components situated safely at the rear of the baler, and for ease of transport the DB62 comes equipped with a roll-on roll-off lifting hook.

NITON APOLLO HANDHELD LIBS ANALYZER Thermo Scientific’s new Niton Apollo handheld LIBS (laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy) analyzer provides mobility, high-speed operation, and accuracy for material verification in scrap recycling and a range of applications. The lightweight Niton Apollo handheld LIBS analyzer features speed, increased accuracy and greater mobility for measurement of low concentrations of carbon in metal, along with a range of elements including: Al, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V, W, Carbon Equivalency (CE) and pseudo elements. “We’ve combined high-speed performance and an easy-touse interface so even non-technical users can benefit from having the advanced capabilities of LIBS technology in the palm of their hand,” said Erica Hirsch, Thermo Fisher Scientific.

ELECTRIC-POWERED LIEBHERR LH 26 M MATERIAL HANDLERS At Bauma 2019 Liebherr introduced two new model material handling machines: LH 18 M Industry and LH 26 M Industry, both models specifically designed for recycling applications. According to Liebherr, with these models, the company is positioning itself specifically in the field of small material handling machines. The innovative LH 26 M model (shown above) uses a 90-kW Liebherr electric motor and a separate electric motor to operate additional tools. This ensures conscious energy distribution as well as maximum energy efficiency. In addition, the progressive frequency converter technics of the LH 26 M allow dynamic and sensitive working movements and it can be easily adapted to all common energy supply networks worldwide.

48 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

IMI DUAL-DRUM MAGNETIC SEPARATOR Industrial Magnetics, Inc. (IMI) dualdrum magnetic separators are customizable to meet specific high-purity demands of mixedmetals recovery and a range of recycling applications, for removal of ferrous metals from a conveyed stream of nonferrous. In operation, IMI magnetic drum separators are continuously selfcleaning. Material to be processed enters the top of the magnetic drum separator and flows across the surface of the drum. As the drum shell rotates around a stationary magnetic field, all nonferrous product, which is unaffected by the magnet, falls free from the drum into the cleaned material flow. Any ferrous tramp metal is captured by the magnetic field and held onto the drum’s surface. As the shell of the drum rotates, the metal is carried past a diverter and release outside of the magnetic field. These units can be provided as drum-only or as a complete assembly, with housing and drive included.



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SIERRA REB-X PRESS PORTABLE TWO-RAM BALER Bakersfield, California-based Sierra International Machinery introduced the REB-X Press two-ram baler in the spring of 2019. The REB-X Press two-ram baler is designed to be easily transportable while maintaining a heavy-duty construction, remarkable performance and the ability to process a variety of materials from plastics and paper to nonferrous metals. According to Sierra, this portable two-ram baler is highly adaptable and is the ideal machine for various applications at multiple facilities that need a baler to use on a rotational basis or during

maintenance shutdowns, demolition projects, disaster cleanup, landfill projects and rural locations.

SHEARCORE FORTRESS MOBILE SHEAR ShearCore introduced the new FS145 Mobile Shear in 2019, the largest in their product line of attachments for the demolition and scrap recycling industries. The FS145 shear has been designed with less welds, fewer pieces and is structurally stronger, with a new tip design to handle the massive force this shear delivers. The FS145R, rotating shear model, has a shear weight of 28,000 pounds with a jaw opening of 46 inches and jaw depth of 47 inches, along with a reach of 14 feet 9 inches. The minimum excavator boom mount is 145,000 pounds with a minimum excavator stick mount of 250,000 pounds. The FS145 is also available as a non-rotating model.

SUPER STRIPPER SERIES FOR ALL TYPES OF CABLE Part of what Gensco Equipment calls their new age of tools for heavy cable processing, the latest Gensco Super Strippers are designed to process standard and armoured electrical cable and other types of cable including PVC-covered, lead, rubber, nylon, Subsea, Tech, XLPE, REDA and insulated tubing. According to Gensco, their lineup of heavy-duty cable stripping machines fill a void left by the machinery industry. With three models to choose from, these Super Strippers can be configured to process small common wire from 3 mm (1/8 inch) round to 205 mm (8 inch) round. Throughput can reach up to 90 feet per minute.

50 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

TWO NEW LINK-BELT 250 X4 MODELS FROM LBX LBX Company introduced two new models in 2019 for the U.S. and Canada: the LinkBelt 250 X4 Material Handler (MH) and the 250 X4 Scrap Loader/handler (SL). Both feature an electronically controlled 177-hp Isuzu engine that meets EPA Tier 4 Final requirements without the need for a diesel particulate filter. The 250 X4 MH material handler and 250 X4 SL scrap loader are purposebuilt for material handling and demolition applications, featuring a two-piece, factorydesigned attachment with hose burst check valves. The MH (Material Handler) configuration has a curved boom and straight arm, while the SL (Scrap Loader/ handler) has a straight boom and droopnose arm. The hydraulics package features award-winning Spool Stroke Control (SSC) technology to achieve maximum control and productivity.


MACK’S FIRST BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLE UNVEILED Mack Trucks unveiled it’s Mack LR battery electric vehicle (BEV) at WasteExpo 2019. Combining the design of the Mack LR model with a fully electric Mack drivetrain, the demonstration model will begin real-world testing in 2020 in the demanding operations of the New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY). The Mack LR BEV is powered by Mack’s integrated electric powertrain consisting of two 130-kW motors producing a combined 496 peak horsepower and 4,051 lb.-ft. of torque, available from zero RPM.


INTELLIGENT CONTAINER MONITORING The Compology camera-based container monitoring system, which tracks fullness and contamination of waste and recyclables containers, and automates pickups between generators and haulers, can now directly integrate container data directly into any waste ERP, accounting or dispatch software. Compology’s new API provides integration capability for any size of business, providing a consolidated view of operations with necessary information all in one place, and more control over data, allowing for customized reports and datadriven analysis. Additional Compology system updates in 2019 include streamlined notifications and ordering, simplifying communication between waste haulers and their customers, as well as expanded contamination ID capabilities, which now allow the system to identify a wider range of contaminant items including garbage bags, tanglers, propane tanks and more.

Global Sensor Systems Inc. new Search Eye platform, debuted this year at Waste & Recycling Expo Canada 2019 in October, is a cost-effective solution for hauling companies to prevent backing accidents. Search Eye infrared sensors are mounted on the back of the vehicle, using an infrared beam that extends 6.5 feet out the back of the truck. If an object or person enters the beam the brakes will automatically be applied on the truck. The control box in the cab provides the driver the ability to disengage the braking system should he need to back the truck against a dock or object.

EAGLE VISION INTELLIGENT CART RECOGNITION Eagle Vision System’s intelligent cart recognition system (Cart Seeker Technology), introduced to North America at CWRE 2019 in October, is specifically designed to identify and locate curbside waste carts and automate the operation of the robotic arm. The operator simply stops the truck and engages the system to automatically pick up, dump the cart and replace it back on the ground. Installation and operation is quick and easy, and units employ a high-definition camera, an in-cab monitor and robotic arm sensors installed in the truck. The Cart Seeker controller connects into the existing hydraulic valve controller system, and no RFID, labels or other modifications of the cart are required.

52 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

2019 TOP EQUIPMENT INNOVATIONS: HAULING & COLLECTION BCUOMA USED OIL COLLECTION CONCEPT TAKING HOLD ACROSS B.C. The BC Used Oil Management Association (BCUOMA) is a not-forprofit group dedicated to the collection and recycling of lubricating oil, oil filters, oil containers, antifreeze and antifreeze containers in British Columbia. The BCUOMA provides Return Collection Facility (RCF) infrastructure grants to municipalities, private businesses, nonprofit organizations and other sectors, bringing specialized, used oil recycling infrastructure built into a modified sea container to participating communities, now all across British Columbia. This infrastructure provides for easy, responsible collection and management of used oil, antifreeze, filters and containers, and provides residents in the area with an easy, free and eco-friendly way to recycle their used oil and antifreeze materials. BCUOMA’s RCF infrastructure grant program’s purpose is to ensure that there are sufficient RCFs across British Columbia for DIY consumers to take back their used oil and antifreeze materials for processing at no charge to consumers. The program also requires the responsible environmental handling, collection, transportation, storage, processing and recycling of used oil and antifreeze material using economic, efficient and environmentally acceptable options.

ROLL-OFF BIN TARP SYSTEM Swat® Roll-Off Tarp System • Replacement parts are completely compatible with competitor rack and pinion system parts. • Powder-coated parts provide premium finish and protection. • Steel arms, gussets and brackets are engineered to withstand the demands of the industry. • Low-profile arms avoid damage from wide containers and compactors. • Quick-release tarp tube and standard tarp spline make tarp replacement a quick and easy 1-person job.

HY-Tower™ Armless Roll-Off Tarp Systems • Single leg gantry lifts to height of 15’ above the truck frame so the tarp can be pulled over heaped loads. • Contain loads quickly and easily from the safety of the ground. • The gantry tucks compactly behind the cab during transport and is secured using specially designed supports. • Heavy Duty spring loaded roll-tube assembly.

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• Includes a 12V self contained electric/hydraulic power unit.

November/December 2019



120-DIESEL-GALLON-EQUIVALENT CNG TAILGATE Momentum Fuel Technologies is now offering a 120 DGE (diesel gallon equivalent) CNG (compressed natural gas) tailgate system, which according to the company provides the longest range for CNG-powered hauling in the industry. Momentum’s product line has further expanded in 2019 to include a front-of-body fuel system with up to 75 DGE capacity, as well as back-of-cab- and roof-mount fuel systems, both with 95 DGE capacity.



Telitek launched a waste bin tracking and management application system at Waste & Recycling Expo Canada 2019 which allows waste and recyclables haulers to track and monitor assets efficiently, and locate and manage assets easier. The Telitek system extends and deepens a hauler’s sight on operations with more detail and real-time data in an intuitive way. Utilizing up-to-date IoT technology, with the power of RFID and accurate GPS locating, this system shows a bin’s precise location with customer information, date/time of service, truck’s trips and activities, boosting efficiency and productivity, improving dispatching, enhancing security and reducing overall waste management operations cost.

Montreal-based FleetMind Solutions and ITADynamics, a provider of Microsoft Dynamics– based billing solutions for the waste and recycling industry, announced an integrated product offering at WasteExpo 2019. The combined offering integrates the companies’ two products to provide waste management and recycling companies with a seamlessly integrated “all-in-one” solution for billing, route management and service verification. Using FleetMind’s FleetLink Route System and ITA Dynamics’ Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central ENWIS products together, solid waste fleets can create customers, assign subscriptions, dispatch routes and handle on-demand stops, while maintaining a single version of events.

54 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

2019 TOP EQUIPMENT INNOVATIONS: HAULING & COLLECTION FOAM CYCLE MOBILE, OUTDOOR FOAM COLLECTION SYSTEM Foam Cycle is the first EPS (expanded polystyrene) collection and processing system specifically designed to be placed outdoors. This system is composed of a high-efficiency heat densifier, electrical connections and air flow system which enables municipal and county recycling drop-off centres, colleges and universities the ability to efficiently collect, densify, sell and ship reduced foam called ingots to end user manufacturers, all using a small-footprint, mobile structure. EPS or foam (aka #6 packaging materials used to ship and secure TVs, electronics and furniture, and for products such as coolers) is made up of approximately 98 percent air and two percent polystyrene plastic. The Foam Cycle system reduces material volume by up to 90 percent.

SUTERA IN-GROUND TEXTILES COLLECTION SOLUTION DESIGNED TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS Sutera Canada Inc. has developed a new textile collection solution designed to prevent accidents and deaths associated with the use of traditional clothing collection bins. The Sutera Textile Collection Solution unit is an in-ground container built with a small access tube to prevent any person from entering the unit to scavenge donated materials. The container has a pre-cast concrete and steel design that is safe, durable and cannot be broken into. The collection unit is easily installed, aesthetically appealing and a costeffective solution to safely diverting textile materials away from disposal. The design ensures a safe experience for those donating clothing, the host service provider, haulers and the general public.

November/December 2019



ECOLO BIOSTREME 401 ODOUR CONTROL FOR AD BioStreme 401, the latest odour-control concentrate from Toronto’s Ecolo Odor Control Solutions, is engineered to effectively control noxious odours in a range of applications, including waste management and recycling, biomass-to-energy, composting and anaerobic digestion (AD). BioStreme 401 is specifically formulated to enhance growth and reproduction of beneficial indigenous bacteria to effectively manage virtually any biological treatment process. According to Ecolo, in anaerobic digestion (AD) applications, this product is capable of enhancing the biological metabolic rate of AD bacteria, improving organic removal, solids destruction and methane produc-

tion by up to 46 percent. BioStreme concentrate is safe and biodegradable, and is available in seven bacteria-free formulations to handle nearly any nuisance odour.

PAPER RECYCLING BALEVISION USES NIR TO ANALYZE RCP BALES Since the official launch of their BaleVision solution in July 2019, LA-based merQbiz says both MRFs and paper mills have expressed interest in the technology designed to better evaluate and manage RCP (recovered paper) quality. The technology is designed to perform quality assessments on paper bales with 98 percent accuracy, based on side-by-side comparisons to bale breaks, according to the company, which adds that a full inspection takes approximately 6 minutes per bale with two inspectors. The BaleVision quality assessment tool analyzes bales from the inside out, using a near infrared (NIR) technology to measure bale content from the inside out, combined with a data visualization and analytics platform that provides actionable insights via dashboards and customized data tools. The technology collects detailed data on fibre content, moisture, plastic, ash and other bale contaminants. In 2019, merQbiz announced a partnership with the manufacturer, PTS, to be the exclusive distributor of the device in North America.

56 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

2019 TOP EQUIPMENT INNOVATIONS: ORGANICS NEW INTERNAL DRIVE FEED ROLLER FOR DZH 7000 GRINDERS The latest models of Diamond Z’s high-capacity, low maintenance DZH 7000 Series horizontal wood waste grinders are now equipped with an internal drive feed roller which allows for less moving parts, quick and easy screen change and maintenance access. With the update, these grinders now feature very aggressive feed and one of the largest crush roller and hammer mills in the industry, according to DiamondZ. DZH 7000 grinders provide production capacities in excess of 1,000 yards per hour and use a standard 1,200-hp CAT C32 ACERT LRC Diesel engine. Also now available, the DZH 7000TKT Series track-mounted horizontal grinder has all the features and capabilities of the DZH 7000 with the added mobility that comes with a track-mounted machine, and it has a complete transport system included for easy relocation between sites.

COMING UP IN 2020... JANUARY/FEBRUARY FOCUS ON: • Paper • Auto Recycling • C&D Recycling • Hauling & Collection

EQUIPMENT SPOTLIGHTS FOR 2020: • Shredders & Granulators • Handheld Analyzers • Horizontal Grinders • Collection Trucks


P OW E R • • •






November/December 2019




MOBILE EPS PROCESSING SYSTEM ATTACHES TO ANY VEHICLE HITCH The Mobile Styro-Constrictor, an EPS foam recycling machine introduced in early 2019 by Illinois-based Brohn Tech, has since been updated to allow attachment to any vehicle hitch. The technology also earned the company the 2019 Equipment Innovator of the Year Award from the National Waste & Recycling Association. The Mobile Styro-Constrictor offers complete mobile EPS (expanded polystyrene or styrofoam) recycling without the need for a costly facility for processing the material. EPS (foam) goes in the top, air is removed and the machine outputs recyclable plastic, reducing volume by 85 percent.


HERBOLD EWS60/210 SINGLESHAFT PRE-SHREDDER IDEAL FOR BULKY OR BALED PLASTICS The new EWS 60/210 from Herbold Meckesheim USA is a single-shaft shredder designed for the pre-shredding of baled, bulky or other hard to process plastics including film, agricultural film, mixed plastics and die drool. Designed for highvolume applications, it features a well-protected 23-1/2-inch diameter rotor, boasts an impressive 3-tph throughput capacity, and provides wet or dry shredding capability. In operation, large items or bundles are fed into the unit’s hopper by a forklift or optional infeed conveyor. Material falls onto the rotor and a feed guide device helps it maintain positive engagement with the rotor for maximum shredding efficiency. In addition, to facilitate routine maintenance, these shredders have been designed with easy access to all components including the rotor, waste screen, flywheel and belts.

58 Recycling Product News November/December 2019

Buffalo Turbine introduced the Trident dust control solution in 2019. This system uses three separate turbines all powered by the same Kohler 74-hp diesel engine, capable of three times the coverage area compared to single-turbine dust controllers. Different from other dust control units on the market, this unit is self-contained, meaning no generator is required, lower maintenance costs, and less space required for setup. According to Buffalo Turbine, each of the three turbines on the new Trident model uses their Gyratory Atomizing Nozzle technology, which does not clog like conventional nozzle tips. The Trident is available with one, two or three oscillation kits to match desired coverage in a wide range of applications, including composting and organics recycling, solid waste, C&D and scrap metal.

WE DON’T JUST DABBLE IN CONCRETE AND MASONRY. We’re the authority on it. That’s why each year, WOC is the first and only annual international event to bring you all the new products & equipment, training and technology to get the job done faster and more profitably than ever before. Join us, and in just five days you’ll find everything you need to conquer the year ahead.


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COVER STORY Continued from page 28. with not a lot of money. We’ve done well over the years, but we need more capital, we need more investment, more meaningful investment, so that we can strengthen our business – which is an important business for everybody. We’re providing a similar service to a transfer station, but without a municipal budget to respond to things like breakdowns. “In recycling, there’s a great deal of burden placed on a low-profitmargin business model. It’s not fair to recyclers to be required to effectively subsidize the service we provide. We’re certainly always looking for more investment, or even to partner with the right organization to get investment.” In the meantime, Scaldaferri says, Mattress Recycling continues to grow, business is steady and they are proud to be a global pioneer in a sector of the recycling industry that can only move forward from here. RPN

In the last decade Pacific Mattress Recycling has processed more than 750,000 used mattresses. Correction notice: In the October 2019 edition, as part of our “Metal Tech Alley” cover story, this photo was incorrectly labelled. The photo shows the team at KC Recycling in Trail, B.C., a cutting edge recycler of lead-acid batteries and e-waste.

Contamination ID, Alerts & Scoring Tanglers Garbage Bags Pallets Furniture Styrofoam Propane Tanks E-Waste and more!

60 Recycling Product News November/December 2019





an you imagine living in a world without textiles? From the clothes we wear, to the products we use to decorate our homes such as curtains, to our bedding and pillows, textiles are both essential and functional, while also providing a way for us to express our individuality, personal styles and tastes. It may be surprising to hear that textile production and manufacturing is the second-largest pollution contributor in the world, second only to oil, and that textiles currently have a negative overall impact on our environment. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates clothing and other textiles account for 6.3 percent of the total waste stream in the United States – the equivalent of 81 pounds per person thrown away annually. The bulk of this waste ultimately ends up in landfills, despite the fact that 95 percent

of textiles can be reused or recycled. Even an old t-shirt can take months to decompose in a landfill, and some textiles items can take years, depending on what they’re made of. The majority of the public in North America may think there’s not much harm in tossing used clothing and textiles in the trash. Over time however this adds up to a very serious problem, and it is one that can be avoided. SMART (the Secondary Materials and Recycled Textiles association) is a non-profit trade association working on behalf of companies which work in the textile reuse and recycling industry. These companies acquire both unused and used (pre-and post-consumer) textiles for reuse and recycling purposes. In the pre-consumer market, material is acquired prior to consumer use. SMART member businesses purchase secondary material from textile and fibre companies, which would other-

recyclinG PRODUCT news

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November/December 2019


LASTWORD In the U.S., the EPA estimates 2.6 million tons of textiles are currently recycled annually, which has a greater impact on reducing greenhouse gases than the recycling of yard waste, glass and plastic.

wise be discarded as by-product that could not be used during the manufacturing process. These companies repurpose the excess material into a variety of consumer products such as wiping cloths, automobile insulation and home furnishings. In the post-consumer market, for material acquired after consumer use, SMART member companies purchase excess textile donations from charities and commercial sources including non-profits, thrift stores, hospitals, hotels and industrial laundries. SMART companies sort and grade the used clothing based on quality, condition and type. Once sorted, the used clothing and textiles are reused or mechanically recycled. Approximately 45 percent is re-used as apparel, 30 percent is cut into wiping rags or polishing cloths and 20 percent is reprocessed into basic fibre content. The remaining five percent is often unusable due to mould and moisture. In the U.S., the EPA estimates 2.6 million tons of textiles are currently recycled annually, which has a greater impact on reducing greenhouses gases than the recycling of yard waste, glass and plastic. In fact, the current reuse and recycling of clothing and textiles is the equivalent of removing 1.3 million cars from America’s highways. Consumers can do their part to

improve used textiles diversion from landfill by shopping for clothes at consignment shops and at second-hand stores. SMART employs social media to help increase awareness of this socially conscious buying practice. The apparel industry is also getting increasingly involved. More and more, we hear about sustainability, reuse and recycling in the fashion industry, with big-brand companies like Levi’s offering discounts on products for consumers who recycle their worn jeans in-store. Brands including Converse, The North Face, Zara, H&M, Madewell and Reformation are also getting involved by offering textile recycling programs to help keep clothes out of landfills. While the textiles recycling movement in North America is now well established and progressing, there remains an urgent need for improvement. To learn more about SMART and the work of our members, visit www. Jackie King is executive director of the Secondary Materials and Recycled Textiles Association (SMART), a non-profit membership organization of for-profit companies in the textile reuse and recycling industry.


ELV Select..................................... 13

Morbark, LLC................................ 27

American Baler.............................. 57

Exodus.......................................... 49

Paradigm Software.................. 55, 61

Blue Metal Industries..................... 54

Frontline Machinery......................... 3

R.M. Johnson................................ 17

BM&M Screening Solutions.......... 56

Gensco Equipment........................ 49

Rotochopper Inc.............................. 9

Bulk Handling Systems (BHS)....... 43

Harris Equipment........................... 25

Scott Equipment Company........... 35

Bunting Magnetics........................ 19

Herbold USA................................. 47

Sierra International Machinery.........2

Compology.................................... 60

Kensal Carbide.............................. 51

USCC’s COMPOST2020......... 40–41

CONEXPO-CON/AGG................... 63

Komptech Americas...................... 21

Diamond Z..................................... 39

LBX Co............................................ 7

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions............. ............................................15, 29–32

DuraTech Industries....................... 37

Lindner Recyclingtech America........ 4

Vermeer......................................... 64

Ecolo Odor Control Technologies... 37

Michel’s Industries Ltd.................. 53

World of Concrete 2020................ 59

62 Recycling Product News November/December 2019



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