RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
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HITTING RESET IN AUTO RECYCLING PAGE 20 MRF TECH TALK: 6M/SECOND SORTING PAGE 26 July/August 2020
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CONTENTS JULY/AUGUST 2020 | Volume 28, Number 5
FEATURES 16 COVER STORY GROWING BEYOND THE C&D LANDFILL
Richmond, B.C.’s Ecowaste is taking it one step at a time in transitioning from C&D landfill to C&D MRF, with the help of a half a dozen Liebherr machines
20 HITTING THE RESET BUTTON FOR AUTO RECYCLING Automotive Recyclers of
Canada’s Steve Fletcher on the importance of being smart as we evolve our recycling programs in challenging times
Hitchcock Scrap Yard is using the new material handler from Caterpillar to take their business to the next level
22 AN ESSENTIAL UPGRADE
26 OPEN BELT, HIGHER SPEED Our MRF Tech Talk gets into
TOMRA’s new AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR, which allows accurate optical sorting of paper and plastics at 6m/second
30 LAST WORD KUDOS TO ACTION ON ORGANICS IN QUEBEC
By Susan Antler: the Government of Quebec is investing over $1 billion to push organics residuals recycling forward by 2030
20 On the cover: Liebherr’s R926 LC excavator with rising cab feeding C&D waste wood into the HAAS shredding line at Ecowaste in Richmond, B.C.
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RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
JULY/AUGUST 2020 VOLUME 28, NUMBER 5
EDITOR Keith Barker email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 EDITOR IN CHIEF Kaitlyn Till email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 330 DIGITAL EDITOR Slone Fox firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 335 ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110
ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 MARKETING & BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER Arnie Gess email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 115 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 325 CIRCULATION firstname.lastname@example.org; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer email@example.com VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong firstname.lastname@example.org FOUNDER Engelbert J. Baum Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906
14 DEPARTMENTS 10 UPFRONT
13 SPOTLIGHT 16 COVER STORY 20 AUTO RECYCLING 22 SCRAP RECYCLING
26 6 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
MRF TECH TALK
28 WEB HIGHLIGHTS
Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2020, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.
FROM THE EDITOR
the circular economy solution to ocean plastics pollution
WE NEED TO RAISE OUR LEVEL OF AMBITION AND MATCH IT WITH BOLD AND URGENT ACTION TO ACCELERATE THE TRANSITION TO A
CIRCULAR ECONOMY FOR PLASTICS.
reaking the Plastic Wave is a newly released study which supports the premise that if we fail to take serious action immediately by creating a viable circular economy for plastics, by 2040 the volume of used plastic entering the ocean on a yearly basis will be 29 metric tonnes, nearly triple the amount recorded in 2016. The new report also confirms that total ocean plastic stocks, without changes made, will quadruple – reaching over 600 metric tonnes. According to UK-based Ellen MacArthur Foundation (EMF), one of the report’s key contributors (along with Common Seas and the Universities of Oxford and Leeds) findings of the new study are in line with their 2016 analysis which showed there could be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050. “We need to raise our level of ambition and match it with bold and urgent action to accelerate the transition to a circular economy for plastics,” said Dame Ellen MacArthur, founder of EMF. She says the report confirms that the vision of a circular economy for plastic is the only way to address plastic waste and pollution at the source, and emphasizes that this is a vision that already unites over 850 organizations around the world, through the New Plastics Economy Global Commitment and the Plastics Pact network. Over the last several years, according to MacArthur, there has been some positive action, including the reduction in total volume of virgin plastics entering the global economy, innovation in the way businesses operate, and billions of dollars committed to increase the use of recycled plastic around the world. However, she emphasizes, we need to do much, much more.
“This new Breaking the Plastic Wave study shows that even if we do everything we physically can, with every technology deployed that we understand today, we can only reduce the flow of plastic packaging into the ocean by 80 percent by 2040.” She says that while millions of dollars are being spent on cleaning up beaches, rivers and streets – and on recycling – it is just not enough. “All of the effort will be in vain if we continue to put plastic packaging with no value into the economy. “We need to tackle this flood at source, we need to go to the beginning of the system so that every piece of plastic that is manufactured has a value,” she says. “We need to eliminate all the plastic we don’t need. We need to innovate for the plastic we do need, making sure it is reusable, recyclable and compostable. And importantly, we need to circulate everything we produce, be that plastic or a biological component which replaces it.” Seems like a great plan. Most of our provincial recycling associations in Canada, along with a range of environmental associations, businesses and municipalities are now signed up and committed to the New Plastics Economy. Let’s hope everyone, including the federal government of Canada, soon also fully understands the urgency of the need for immediate action, for change in the way packaging is made, and for the establishment of a new circular economy for plastics. As MacArthur puts it, the goal is simple: let’s keep recycled plastic in the economy and out of the ocean. Visit ellenmacarthurfoundation.org for more information about the initiative or to sign on with a commitment. No time to waste.
Keith Barker, Editor email@example.com 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305
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8 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
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HAULING & COLLECTION
LION8 ZERO-EMISSION ELECTRIC TRUCK CHASSIS SERVES 1,200 HOMES ON A SINGLE CHARGE
The Lion Electric Co. and Quebec-based Boivin Evolution have sold the first Lion8 chassis with fully automated side load bodies to Waste Connections. The initial vehicles, to be operated in Washington and Florida, represent the first applications of zeroemission trucks with fully electric waste collection bodies and automated arms in North America. Developed for the electric market, the combination Lion8 chassis and BEV all-electric automated side-loading body provides a range of 130 miles on a single charge, eliminates noise pollution and GHG emissions, and provides operational energy savings up to 80 percent. Additional features of these trucks include:
optimal visibility and turning radius; no hydraulic pumps, valves, tubings, hoses and fluid; oil-free operation with few moving parts; arm and body movements powered by electric motors; overnight recharging; 60 percent lower service costs thanks to a simple, low-maintenance electric powertrain that has few components; and longer lasting brakes due to a regenerative braking system.
CALIFORNIA LANDFILL ADDS RECYCLING AND ANAEROBIC DIGESTION TO IMPROVE DIVERSION The Tajiguas Landfill, serving Santa Barbara County, California, accepts around 200,000 tons of material each year. To align with new State laws that mandate increased diversion rates and reductions in the amount of organics sent to landfills, the county has invested in a new ReSource Center. This project, built on the Landfill will provide increased recycling and composting of organics, and reduce the landfillâ€™s carbon footprint. The complete sys-
tem is scheduled to be fully operational by early 2021. The first phase of the project is a new MRF, supplied and installed by Van Dyk Recycling Solutions, set for startup this fall, that will process municipal solid waste (MSW) collected from the area, separating recyclables and organics from refuse. MRF equipment will include 3D trommel screens, sizing screens, air density separators, elliptical separators and optical sorting units. The recyclables captured at the MRF are baled and sold to market. The organics captured at the MRF move on to second phase of the project, the anaerobic digestion facility. Here, organics are broken down and turned into compost and renewable energy. The energy generated by the ReSource Center (which also includes an existing landfill gas collection system) will be enough to power the system itself as well as 2,000 local homes per year.
NEWS BRIEFS Quebec to invest $1.2 billion into organics collection and recovery by 2030 At the beginning of July, the Quebec government unveiled a plan to inject $1.2 billion into improving the collection and recovery of organic matter in the province over the next decade. The total investment, to be managed in collaboration with RECYC-QUEBEC, including $ 450.1 million available as of 2020 (through 2021), will be invested into both municipal and private sectors. The plan aims to provide organic matter collection to all Quebec citizens and manage organic matter for 100 percent of industries, businesses and institutions, and to recover 70 percent of organics targeted. 10 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
Major industry conferences go virtual in 2020 Waste Expo is one of many yearly recycling and waste industry tradeshows that have been cancelled and replaced by virtual conferences for 2020, in light of the global COVID-19 pandemic. WasteExpo Together Online takes place August 10â€“14. The Recycling Council of Alberta and the Compost Council of Canada also now have virtual conferences scheduled for this fall.
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FOOD WASTE MANAGEMENT
NEW ZERO WASTE REPORT LOOKS AT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOOD, PACKAGING AND GHGS
A new research report from the National Zero Waste Council reveals the relationships between food waste, packaging and GHG emissions. The research report, “Less Food Waste, Less Packaging Waste,” provides insight into how and when packaging can be applied to prevent food spoilage and waste to significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Canada’s agri-food sectors. “Reducing food waste and advancing the circular economy must be a top priority in our collective fight against climate change because preventing one tonne of food waste prevents four tonnes of CO2-equivalent emissions,” said Malcolm Brodie, Chair of the National Zero Waste Council. “Rather than eliminating packaging, the industry must choose packaging materials and designs that keep food from spoiling and support the circular economy in Canada.”
WM AND ADVANCED DISPOSAL FINALIZE TERMS OF ACQUISITION, GFL TO ACQUIRE COMBINED ASSETS
Waste Management, Inc. and Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. announced June 24 that they have amended the terms of the definitive agreement under which a subsidiary of Waste Management will acquire all outstanding shares of Advanced Disposal for $30.30 per share. The deal represents a total enterprise value of $4.6 billion. Waste Management and Advanced Disposal also announced at the end of June that they have entered into an agreement for GFL Environmental to acquire a combination of Advanced Disposal and Waste Management assets for $835 million. “We believe the revised agreement with Waste Management, coupled with our joint agreement to sell substantially all of the divestitures to GFL Environmental, delivers significant value and certainty of closing to Advanced Disposal stockholders,” said Richard Burke, CEO of Advanced Disposal.
RCO to transition to Circular Innovation Council The Recycling Council of Ontario (RCO) recently elected a new board for 2020/2021 and announced the start of the organization’s transition to the Circular Innovation Council. According to the RCO, while its name will change, its mission will remain the same and it will continue to champion effective waste policy and design programs, pilots and resources, but with a wider focus on building the circular economy in Canada.
USMCA AGREEMENT BENEFITS RECYCLERS ACCORDING TO ISRI The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) touted the U.S. Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) as a victory for the recycling industry as it officially enters into force this summer. “The USMCA is a win for the North American recycling industry,” says ISRI Vice President of Advocacy Adina Renee Adler. “The market and policy certainty that comes with the agreement will support the 130,000 U.S. jobs that depend on strong regional trade for scrap commodities and the industries that depend on these critical materials. We look forward to reaping the benefits of this agreement, especially in support of a strong post-pandemic economic recovery.” According to ISRI, key components of the agreement that benefit recyclers include tariff-free access to markets in Mexico, improved and accelerated customs clearances, recognition of ISRI Specifications for commodities as industry standards, and an overall increased demand for scrap through enhanced auto rules of origin requirements.
Cedarapids appoints Frontline as dealer in B.C. Cedarapids, part of Terex MPS, has announced the addition of Frontline Machinery as an authorized dealer in British Columbia. Frontline Machinery will be responsible for sales of the Cedarapids portable and modular jaw and cone crushing and screening plant range. “This new range increases the ability to better service our customers who are looking for portable and modular higher capacity crushing and screening systems,” commented Daryl Todd, president, Frontline Machinery. July/August 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
UPFRONT C&D RECYCLING
MARION C&D MRF AIMING FOR 90 PERCENT RECOVERY
KERNIC APPOINTED BRAMIDAN DISTRIBUTOR Bramidan has appointed Kernic Systems of Burlington, Ontario, as their new distributor for Ontario and Quebec to sell and support the company’s line of vertical balers. Bramidan, based out of Denmark with U.S. operations in Illinois and California, says the move is meant to expand on their already strong North American presence. “We are glad to team up with a strong reliable partner such as Kernic Systems to maintain our strong footprint and expand the Bramidan brand in the North American Market,” commented Bramidan International Sales Director Jorgen Lassen.
The Marion Resource Recycling Facility (MRRF) in Salem, Oregon, scheduled to be operational in the second quarter of 2021, will be able to process more than 70 tons per hour (tph) and capture more than 90 percent of inbound material for reuse, according to system supplier Bulk Handling Systems (BHS). The company says Marion’s advanced industrial recycling system and MRF will include a proven Nihot DDS Windshifter that employs circulated air technology to separate materials into three fractions (including wood and aggregate) based on density. The system will also feature the BHS Total Intelligence Platform, designed to provide centralized system control and performance data.
NEED TO PROCESS ORGANIC WASTE? THOR SWING HAMMER TURBO SEPARATOR RATES FROM 15-30 TON/HOUR 99% CLEAN ORGANICS 99% CLEAN PACKAGING 316 STAINLESS STEEL MADE IN AMERICA TURNKEY SYSTEM LEASING AVAILABLE WORLDWIDE LEADER-350+UNITS 12 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
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TOMRA LAUNCHES NEXT GENERATION AUTOSORT TOMRA Sorting Recycling’s next generation AUTOSORT optical sorting system, now available worldwide, is designed to provide a new level of efficiency for MRF operators and other recyclers tasked with creating highly pure output streams. According to TOMRA, their new AUTOSORT is compact, highly flexible and upgradable, bringing together multiple technologies, including NIR FLYING BEAM and SHARP EYE technology to deliver complex, artificially intelligent (AI) sorting of recovered paper and plastics at very high throughput rates. The complete, new AUTOSORT line, includes the AUTOSORT optical sorter as well as SPEEDAIR, a 6m/second high-speed belting system, and the CYBOT robotic sorter. Also new to the line is a DEEP LAISER add-on component which enables detection of hard-to-detect materials, including black plastic and glass, as well as updated Intelligent Object Recognition. (Read more about TOMRA’s new AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR on page 26 in our MRF Tech Talk focus.) According to Carlos Manchado Atienza, TOMRA Sorting
Recycling’s Regional Director Americas, "With the combination of technologies in the new AUTOSORT, we are able to see a different kind of chemical (makeup) of the same material. For example, for different PET bottles and trays, it's all PET for NIR (near-infrared), but combined with the other technologies, we are able to see the difference.”
SLOW-SPEED SHREDDER FIRST FOR MCCLOSKEY RECYCLING DIVISION
The VTS95 tracked primary slow-speed shredder is the first offering from McCloskey International’s recycling division. These mobile machines are capable of effectively shredding virtually any type of material from solid waste, IC&I and bulk waste, and are designed to meet requirements for plants in which incoming materials vary greatly in terms of size, composition and difficulty to shred. According to McCloskey’s Waste & Recycling Division Product Line Manager, Fergal Mallon, “The new VTS95 shredders have a number of great features; the open cutting table is one of them, and the benefit of that is that it allows impurities to pass through without causing any blockages or unnecessary wear.”
NEW MATERIAL HANDLER IS LARGEST IN CATERPILLAR LINEUP
According to Caterpillar, the new MH3040 builds on the successful legacy of the M325D L MH model and is the largest in their material handler lineup. The MH3040 features thick, multi-plate fabrications, castings and forgings on the boom, sticks and other high-stress areas, to withstand wear and provide durability, as well as specially designed mountings on the upper frame to support a new heavy-duty cab. “We will have both scrap and mill yard configurations of the machine and will follow that with introductions for other markets in 2021,” commented Cat product manager Brent Uitermarkt. “It is built off of our trusted next generation excavator platform and comes with all of the features and benefits that we have been introducing with those new excavation products.” July/August 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
LIEBHERR DEBUTS TELEHANDLER LINE FOR CANADIAN MARKET
Liebherr Canada has entered the telehandler market, with the largest model in its lineup, the six-metric-ton capacity T60-9. This highly versatile and mobile machine is available in Canada as of this summer, followed by a full product line designed for mid-tolarge-capacity needs in various applications, including construction and waste management. According to Mark Medeiros, divisional manager for Liebherr Canada, telehandlers are an ideal tool for recycling applications, such as feeding a shredder. They are also excellent for moving and sorting materials and accommodate a range of hydraulic attachments controlled via multifunction joystick.
TEREX ECOTEC EXPANDS RANGE WITH SINGLE-SHAFT SHREDDER
Terex Ecotec has expanded its mobile shredding plant range with the introduction of the TSS 390, a robust and versatile single-shaft, slow-speed unit. Powered by a fuel-efficient 493-hp Scania DC13 engine, the TSS 390 is designed for maximum output and minimum down time. According to Ecotec,
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NRT COLORPLUS WITH MAX-AI COMBINES HIGHRESOLUTION COLOUR AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The new NRT ColorPlus with Max-AI from National Recovery Technologies (NRT) integrates artificial intelligence (AI) into the company’s successful ColorPlus optical sorter. The additional layer of intelligence is meant to create new sorting capabilities by combining the ColorPlus sorter’s high volume and high confidence capabilities with Max’s human-like identification decisions. The ColorPlus sorter employs a high-resolution RGB colour line-scan sensor to identify and sort plastics and paper streams by colour. Max-AI technology employs a camera and deep learning based AI to identify recyclables similar to the way a person does. According to NRT parent company Bulk Handling Systems (BHS), Max-AI technology, launched in 2017, is already at work in more than 100 installations worldwide.
these machines are ideal for volume reduction, can handle the toughest of materials, are simple to operate and offer excellent all-round serviceability. Tony Devlin, business line director for Terex Ecotec commented, “We are committed to delivering innovative, highquality products and the addition of the TSS 390 will further enhance an already significant range of shredding products. “The TSS 390 has been rigorously tested and proven in a diverse range of applications and will open up new opportunities in the market. It will be manufactured in our new state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Derry, Northern Ireland, which will support the ongoing growth and development of Terex Ecotec’s ever expanding product portfolio.”
FRACTIONATE SPLIT YOUR MATERIAL STREAM A successful MRF design starts with mechanically splitting large volumes of inbound material into similarly sized streams. We do this with our primary Auger Screen. It fractionates material prior to the presort which creates a parallel process, reduces volume on the traditional presort, improves worker safety while reducing headcount and increases downstream machine efficiencies.
NEW WASTE RECOGNITION SOFTWARE AI tech startup Greyparrot, which provides waste recognition software designed to monitor and sort waste in recycling facilities, has raised £1.825m in their most recent round of investment. The company’s first product, an Automated Waste Monitoring System, is currently being deployed on moving conveyor belts in sorting facilities to measure large waste flows. The system automatically identifies different types of waste, providing composition information and analytics to help facilities increase recycling rates.
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GROWING BEYOND T ECOWASTE IS TAKING IT ONE STEP AT A TIME IN TRANSITIONING FROM C&D LANDFILL TO C&D MRF, WITH THE HELP OF HALF A DOZEN LIEBHERR MACHINES BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
cowaste Industries is a privately owned, family-run C&D landfill operation that has been in the business for 50 years. The company currently operates on 330 acres in Richmond, B.C., with a small transfer station in nearby New Westminster (both municipalities border Vancouver). According to Christian Dietrich, GM of their waste management division, one of the current goals is to transform from a company that is landfilling the bulk of their incoming mixed
16 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
C&D stream to one that landfills only about 20 percent. Dietrich says over the course of the last decade Ecowaste has started to take in an overall wider range of materials, including more mixed waste C&D materials from both residential and industrial sources. “Our main focus is on the construction and demolition industry, mostly in terms of landfilling of material,” explains Dietrich. “We recycle roughly 25 percent of what we do handle and the rest is for landfilling.” Most of the mixed demolition waste they bring in, of which the largest volume is waste wood, comes through less than half a dozen privately run transfer facilities, in and around Vancouver and nearby Surrey.
Christian Dietrich, GM of Ecowaste’s waste management division, and Shaun Salmon, site foreman, at the waste wood pile with their 566 wheel loader.
THE C&D LANDFILL He says they are currently in the permitting process for construction of an on-site C&D MRF that would process 250,000 tons of mixed material yearly. A wood processing line using a HAAS shredder, operating at the Richmond site, constitutes the beginnings of this part of the business. The line produces mainly biomass for waste-to-energy end markets, and makes up about 20 percent of the total infrastructure planned for a fully equipped C&D materials recovery facility. Once this part of the business is fully operational, they will be able to efficiently pull clean wood out of their incoming stream, along with plastics and paper, to be further recycled or used as alternative fuels, and they will also be able to sort out all the metal for recycling. “That’s our goal and it’s how we’re going to eventually move the businesses more from just a disposal facility for C&D materials to a recycling facility.”
ONE STOP SHOP FOR HEAVY EQUIPMENT
Since 2019, Ecowaste has brought online six Liebherr machines, including a dozer, two wheel loaders, two excavators, and a material handler. When he came to Ecowaste in 2018, there was a replacement schedule for equipment, and from the start Dietrich was intent on using one supplier for all their heavy equipment. “I wanted to package everything together, not only for a potential discount, but when I first came here we had Cat, we had Kobelco, we had Kawasaki, Deere, we had just about everybody who made heavy equipment. I wanted to narrow it down to one, or maybe just a couple of different suppliers. “We came up with a weighted scoring system to compare all potential machines. We compare price, operating costs, technical specifications, after sales support, supplier experience, health and safety features, warranty and ergonomics,” he says. “It wasn’t any one thing that stood out, or one aspect that July/August 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
COVER STORY we were looking at like fuel efficiency. We also scored suppliers on how many technicians they had available for servicing, and on spare parts availability. For equipment specific things, we looked at both fuel efficiency and overall weight. “For the material handler, there was only two other manufacturers, and for me it was fairly simple on who we were going to go with, due to my experience with these machines in the UK,” he says. “But I had to keep in mind that we also needed bulldozers and front loaders, an excavator and the whole package. “We took everything into account and we created a scoring system and then out of that scoring system, we flushed out Liebherr to go with as a total package supplier. “It wasn’t actually even that close to be honest,” he says. “I have had good experience with Liebherr in the past and I knew we were a ‘waste business that needed to buy like a waste business.’” Ecowaste got their first Liebherr machine, a used 566 shovel (wheel loader) in May 2019. They then placed orders for a new LH 22 material handler, a second wheel loader (model 556), as well as a PR 736 bulldozer with a landfill package and a pair of excavators – an
R926 LC (with a custom rising cab) and an R924, both fitted with specific waste grab attachments.
WOOD WASTE FOCUS
Dietrich says roughly half of what they see in C&D waste in B.C. is wood. In 2019, Ecowaste made an investment in their HAAS wood shredding line, which is also part of the reason they brought in their LH 22 material handler. “Our biggest opportunity is definitely with wood,” he emphasizes, adding that they do also compost on site, and they recently bought assets of a locally operated wood waste recycling business. “We took over one of their sites in New Westminster, which is now our transfer station,” adding that while they initially intended their material handler to work on the wood line in Richmond, it ended up finding its home at the transfer station instead. “Our LH material handler operators separate wood and garbage at the transfer station, we load the clean wood material out and bring it back to our HAAS shredder.” Ecowaste’s clean wood output is sold as biomass fuel to customers located in the lower mainland, near Vancouver,
The Liebherr PR 736 bulldozer with landfill package, at Ecowaste. 18 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
with one in the B.C. interior. “Our buyers for alternative fuels include energy producers, and there are companies that need it for their own production,” explains Dietrich. He says they sell a lot of it to a paper producer and recycler in New Westminster. “They make lots of paper products, but they don’t use our wood for making paper. They burn the wood to produce steam for heat and energy.”
WASTE MACHINES FOR THE WASTE BUSINESS
In North America material handlers, such as the LH 22, are used mostly in scrap applications, but not much in waste. But, according to Dietrich, who before Ecowaste, spent years in Europe and the U.K. working for major waste management firms including Veolia and Shanks, over there, it’s all material handlers in waste. “It seems strange to me that material handlers are used so much in waste in Europe, but they’re not selling them into waste here. It just hasn’t taken off. It will though,” he predicts. “These machines are made for waste, where they are not needed to grab a ton, but grab 300 kilograms.” In the North American waste and recycling industry, he says, many still use excavators where a dedicated material handler, like Liebherr’s LH model, would be much more effective. “I’ve been to many waste and recycling plants in Europe, and all of them had dedicated material handling equipment. Here in North America, guys will take a soil excavator and try to run it handling waste materials. Waste doesn’t need the big bulky, heavy boom or stick.” He adds that using a soil excavator for recycling can burn up to 18 litres per hour, compared to a material handler which will burn about six or seven litres per hour. At Ecowaste, they were initially intent on bringing in two material handlers and one excavator, but ended up going the opposite way based on the quick availability of one of the excavators and various circumstances. “To feed our HAAS wood line, we went with a lightly used 926 excavator, and changed out the bucket for a waste
are more compact than with a wheel loader. It’s just a smaller footprint. You get into areas that big loaders can’t.” He says that in Europe, community recycling depots use a lot of telehandlers with great success. As it happens, Liebherr has just introduced their first telehandler models in North America, which they are targeting specifically at recycling and waste. This will allow Dietrich to stick with his goal of buying all his heavy equipment from one supplier. (See page 14 for details on Liebherr’s new line of telehandlers.) “If this kind of machine was available for us last year, I probably would have bought one instead of a second wheel loader because it ticks more of the boxes that are important to us: a lower price point, more pedestrian-safe and lower running costs.” “There’s a lot of room for growth of material handlers and telehandlers for waste handling, outside of the scrap sector,” concludes Dietrich. “I just had a call from another waste company, which asked if they can stop by our New West site to take a look at the LH 22. I think now that there’s one in the area working in a waste application, there will be some interest.” RPN
The Liebherr LH 22 material handler at the Ecowaste transfer station. sorting grab. The 926 is unique because it has a cab that rises up to about four metres off the ground,” explains Dietrich. He says that while the machine is heavier, less stable and maneuverable on their site, and consumes more fuel than a material handler would, it was available quickly, and because of the rising cab especially, was a good choice for their needs. He adds that there is a bit of a story behind their R 926 LC excavator. With its unique, customized cab riser, this particular excavator was brought over from France for a customer in South Carolina who wanted to dig dirt and be able to look into the trucks as they were loading. “But what they found, after they tried it a few times was that the operators just didn’t feel all that stable, digging dirt, being four metres off the ground in the cab,” explains Dietrich. The machine was sitting in South Carolina, and was scheduled for return to Europe, at which point their Liebherr Canada representative in Vancouver proposed it might be a fit for Ecowaste. “He said we could get a good deal on it, or it was going back to France, so we put a grab on it and we brought it out here and it’s working perfectly for us. As an excavator, it probably weighs too much and burns too much fuel, but with the extended cab we can look into our shredder while we’re shredding wood. It gives us a really good idea on what’s going into the shredding chamber.”
THE ROAD AHEAD
At this point, besides his goal of bringing in another material handler to work alongside their LH model at the transfer station or on their wood line in Richmond, the new machine Dietrich is most looking forward to next is a telehandler. “In 12 to 24 months, I’d like to get one,” he says. “It would be used in our public drop-off area or our tipping areas where we’re just pushing material around, and where pedestrian safety is really important, because you can see a lot better in those machines and they
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HITTING THE RESET BUTTON THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING SMART, EFFICIENT AND RESPONSIBLE IN RESTARTING END-OF-LIFE VEHICLE RETIREMENT PROGRAMS – ESPECIALLY IN CHALLENGING TIMES
BY STEVE FLETCHER
s we start to emerge from COVID-19 lockdowns in both Canada and the U.S., thoughts are turning to how we can effectively reopen our economies and the strategies to make it possible. In the automotive sector, we’ve already been hearing rumblings about the role vehicle scrappage programs might play to stimulate growth again. In the U.S. in particular, there’s been increasing talk of another Car Allowance Rebate System, a “Cash for Clunkers”-style program, to boost new vehicle sales. Back in 2008–09 when the original C.A.R.S program was instigated in the U.S., it paid upwards of $3000 to consumers for retiring their ride. Dealers loved the idea since it provided an artificial stimulus to new car sales during a recession. The downside was that not much thought was given to
recycling or disposing of the “clunkers” traded in, so the true environmental benefits were questionable. At the same time this was happening, the Automotive Recyclers of Canada (ARC) had been working with our federal government on a National Scrappage program which was branded “Retire Your Ride.” Compared to the U.S. program, our approach was more modest, but also more
and parts harvested from it were made available. As a result, it generated a much more favourable response than the C.A.R.S. program in the U.S., which although popular with new car dealers, angered many recyclers because it deprived them of valuable and useful parts to sell. In some respects, it took perfectly good, serviceable vehicles out of circulation. In Canada, because the amount generated through
thoughtful. A National Code of Practice (CoP) was established for recyclers participating in Retire Your Ride and the idea behind it wasn’t so much creating an economic stimulus, as promoting emissions reduction. Under Retire Your Ride, a running, driving, licensed and insured 1995 model year or older vehicle could be traded in for $300. It was then sold to or processed by a CoPaccredited recycler to ensure it was properly disposed of,
Retire Your Ride was much less per vehicle, OEMs and dealers wanted the government to do more, citing the $3000–4000 consumers were getting through C.A.R.S. in the U.S.. To its credit, Environment Canada refused, stating that Retire Your Ride was not about selling new cars, but instead, providing an incentive to reduce emissions by offering consumers a cash payout that they could put toward a more fuelefficient vehicle, cycling or
20 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
public transit. What ultimately happened is that OEMs stepped up and started matching Retire Your Ride incentives, providing up to $1000 for customers who qualified for the program. When Retire Your Ride officially ended in March 2011, the CoP was renamed the Canadian Auto Recyclers Environmental Code (CAREC) and ARC continued working directly with the OEMs to properly dispose of qualifying older vehicles. The initiative proved to be highly successful, not only for our members but the OEMs and the entire circular economy. A little more than a decade later and with another significant recession expected in the months ahead, it perhaps isn’t surprising that scrappage programs are coming to the forefront once again. In Canada, with dealers facing pressure of a glut of used vehicles coming on the market and limited supplies of new vehicles expected over the next several months, the incentive to move metal is greater than it has been for some time. Therefore the idea of a scrappage program is very appealing. We should also take this opportunity to look at auto recycling from a holistic and environmental perspective. Since 2008, we have seen growing collaboration among environmental groups and
the creation of networks such as the Canada Cleantech Alliance. Like dealers, they agree with incentives to retire older vehicles and purchase newer ones. However, they also believe that incentives should be directly targeted to the purchase of electrified vehicles and developing the charging infrastructure to support them. From our perspective at ARC, we see significant value in discussing the support of such an initiative,
not only from the legacy of Retire Your Ride, but due to the fact that under CAREC, the infrastructure to support a similar program is still in place, including the database and network of more than 350 accredited recyclers across Canada. Additionally, ARC has and continues to work with Plug Nâ€™ Drive in Ontario to provide incentives for consumers to purchase a used electric vehicle, and has helped in the development of training
and guidelines for accredited recyclers to help them properly dispose of retired hybrids and electric vehicles. Scrappage programs do have the potential to cause more harm than good; they can damage the automotive ecosystem by denying people affordable personal transportation and reducing the circulation of and demand for used parts, which in turn impacts the cost and frequency of repairs and ultimately makes vehicle
ownership accessible to fewer people. However, they also can, if done responsibly and collaboratively through a network of accredited recyclers, promote clean air, provide funds for people who need them and bolster the circular economy â€“ something that Retire Your Ride has clearly already demonstrated. Steve Fletcher is Executive Director, Automotive Recyclers of Canada (ARC) based out of Ontario.
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AN ESSENTIAL UPGRADE HITCHCOCK SCRAP YARD IN ILLINOIS IS USING THE NEWLY INTRODUCED CATERPILLAR MATERIAL HANDLER TO TAKE THEIR OPERATION TO THE NEXT LEVEL BY RICK ZETTLER
f you asked Michael Hitchcock, owner of Hitchcock Scrap Yard Inc., where his company would be roughly 40 years after investing in it, chances are he would have said he had no idea. “I was just finishing up my service in the Vietnam War, and I knew nothing about the scrap business before I got into it with my grandfather,” he says. In 1974, he purchased his grandfather’s business as a three-man operation. Today, it is now an essential business that employs approximately 50 people and ships up to 9,070 tonnes (10,000 tons) of scrap steel per month. As a rural, mid-size scrap business located in Canton, Illinois – population less than 15,000 – they have maintained consistent growth, despite weathering some harsh economic conditions. The secret to the company’s success, according to Hitchcock, is honesty. “Your word and reputation are everything,” he says. “We buy quality and treat our customers fairly.” Fuelling the company’s early growth was demolition work, which took workers across the U.S. Hitchcock crew members and equipment travelled as far as to Texas, Chicago and Pennsylvania for major demolition projects. During this time, the company developed a relationship with Caterpillar, buying from and selling scrap to the manufacturer’s foundries. It also purchased Cat 245 and 350 series excavators for demo work and Cat 730 haul trucks. “When Caterpillar came out with their semis, I immediately purchased 11 of them for my business,” recalls Hitchcock.
22 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
Over the years, Hitchcock’s focus has shifted from roaming the country for demolition projects to staying closer the heartland and concentrating on its industrial customers. “We still do demolition work, but we stay more local, travelling only as far as Peoria, Illinois, for projects,” he says. Instead of hauling equipment around the country, their Cat semi trucks are pulling trailers and roll-off boxes to service hundreds of industrial accounts. The company has amassed 150 trailers and 300 roll-off boxes for its industrial customers. “We serve a market area ranging from Chicago to St. Louis to the Quad Cities,” explains Hitchcock. The company’s primary product intake is industrial ferrous scrap, along with new plate and structural steel. In 2018, they added a nonferrous warehouse that includes a new in-floor conveyor for feeding a new nonferrous baler.
According to Hitchcock, a reputation for honesty, superior service and delivering a quality recycled product to its customers continues to fuel the company’s growth. “We use hand-held analyzers to check the grade of steel, so our customers who want low-magnesium steel are sure to get it.” He says much of the yard is also paved to be more welcoming to local customers, without the fear of damaging tires. The pavement also makes it easier for the company’s wheeled material handlers to navigate the yard while managing their scrap material. Early on, the operation used modified 245 and 350 excavators with tracked undercarriages to process material. In the late 1990s their business changed to Cat M325 MH Series machines, specifically designed to increase operational efficiency in scrap applications. “We fell in love with the M325 material handler,” says Hitchcock, “and we didn’t think there would be any-
thing that could match it.” Overall, the company’s scrap handling strategy includes multiple tracked and wheeled machines, including Cat M325D, 322C and 318 Series machines, plus 345 Series models equipped with the latest Caterpillar hydraulic shear. Mainly stationary, the tracked models shear and load material into the site’s two stationary shear and baler machines. Loading and offloading trucks and rolloff boxes, the wheeled units are constantly on the move.
The new MH3040, Caterpillar’s largest material handler, on the job at Hitchcock Scrap Yard.
TAKING THE NEXT STEP WITH THE NEW CAT MATERIAL HANDLER
Cat MH3040 being introduced, he wanted to put the machine to work. “We were disappointed by the decision to end production of the M325 but were excited to hear of its replacement,” he says. The first thing their operators noticed was the size of the new Cat material handler. “The MH3040 weighs about 3,270 kg
Press Hitchcock to single out the most vital piece of equipment to his scrap operation, and he will tell you it’s the material handler. “If one of those machines are down, then that part of the operation is down until the machine is back running,” he says. After Hitchcock learned of the new
(7,200 pounds) more than the M325D L MH, which helps to add stability,” explains Matt Santee, product application specialist for Caterpillar. “Customers often think they need a track machine for stability, but this is not the case.” Tom Allison, operator at Hitchcock Scrap Yard Inc., adds, “I can pick something up, put it in front of me and drive it around without any tipping
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SCRAP RECYCLING whatsoever. It’s very secure and steady.” The new MH3040 keeps the same boom and stick arrangement, as well as the same undercarriage as the M325D LMH, to offer up to a 15.5-m (50.8-foot) reach. “We have added thick, multiplate fabrications, castings and forgings to the boom, stick and other high-stress areas to increase machine durability,” says Santee. The MH3040 uses a 151-kW (202-hp), U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final Cat C7.1 engine plus Smart Mode operation, to match engine and hydraulic power to working conditions, improving fuel efficiency. Roughly 80 percent of the handler’s operating costs are attributed to fuel, and Hitchcock reports working under load the M325s went through 300–340 litres (80–90 gallons) of fuel per day. “With the new MH3040, I can run it for two days and still have about a quarter tank left over,” says Allison. Hitchcock adds, “We are calculating about a 40 percent fuel savings in our application, which is a huge savings. But the key is we are not giving up anything to get the fuel efficiency. It still gives us the same power and the stability is better.” The company is also getting a 12 percent increase in swing speed to help with truck loading efficiency. “We receive about 40 inbound trucks from our industrial customers and load 25–30 semis per day outbound. We set the outbound truck on one of our two scales and load it with 36,290 kg (80,000 pounds) of material in 10 minutes,” explains Hitchcock. Equally as important as fast cycle times is the need to quickly get around their 9.7-hectare (24-acre) yard, to move, stack and sort material. “The MH3040’s wheeled undercarriage gives the advantage of travelling around the yard at up to 18 km/h (11.2 mph),” comments Santee. Hitchcock adds, “One amazing stat is we haven’t had to replace a wheel on any of our handlers.”
The MH3040 material handler is built on the Next Gen excavator concept which includes a sound-suppressed cab that offers more room for the operator. Plus, new joystick controls, ergonomically located within easy reach to reduce
24 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
Caterpillar’s new MH3040 material handler is designed for stability and ease of maintenance. fatigue, eliminates the centre steering column to improve visibility and legroom. “Sitting in the cab is very comfortable, and you have lots of arm room. No steering wheel makes it great because you have all that legroom,” offers Allison. Also new to the cab design is a large, 254-mm (10-inch) high-resolution touchscreen monitor for machine control and monitoring the standard camera feeds. “You just touch what you want on the touchscreen, and you can program the joysticks according to what settings are best for you,” says Allison. “The cameras are the bomb. It makes it very visible to see people, machines, vehicles or whatever it may be.”
REGULAR MAINTENANCE LEADS TO LONGEVITY
According to Hitchcock, machines come to their scrapyard to work but never retire. The company takes pride in their equipment and keeps it operating in peak condition, employs four service technicians plus welders and follows a stringent proactive service routine. “We will pull an engine and drop in a new one at 12,000 hours,” he says. “One of our wheeled material handlers now has over 40,000 hours on it. We are getting quality with our Cat material handlers.” The new MH3040 design is meant to help service techs by simplifying maintenance. Electro-hydraulic controls eliminate pilot lines and filters, reduc-
ing the number of hoses and fittings. Synchronized 1,000-hour fuel filter change intervals, along with a new air intake filter, with a pre-cleaner lasting 1,000 hours, decrease maintenance requirements. Plus, a new hydraulic oil filter improves filtration while offering a 50 percent longer service life than the M325D LMH filter. “Customers will realize up to 20 percent lower maintenance costs with the MH3040,” says Santee. In addition, a new right-hand service platform makes it easy and safe to access the upper service area. One other critical component to fleet management is conducting regular fluid analysis. The MH3040 S∙O∙S ports are easily accessed for quick fluid extraction for analysis. “We don’t have a lot of issues with the machines, but for oil analysis and when we get into an area where we are not familiar, Altorfer is quick to respond,” comments Hitchcock, in reference to their local dealer. The combination of lower fuel consumption, reduced maintenance costs and additional power have definitely made Hitchcock a fan of the new MH3040. “It’s hard to believe that Caterpillar has made something that is smoother and faster than the M325D MHs. This is truly a sweet machine,” he says. Rick Zettler is a technical writer based in Iowa.
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MRF TECH TALK
OPEN BELT, HIGHE RPN caught up with Carlos Manchado Atienza, TOMRA Sorting Recycling’s Regional Director Americas, to talk about their new AUTOSORT optical sorting system – including SPEEDAIR – which provides the capacity to double throughput and enhance quality of paper and plastics at the MRF compared to previous generations.
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VA L U E
BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
OMRA’s new AUTOSORT lineup, introduced this past spring, is designed to be compact, highly flexible and upgradable, bringing together multiple technologies, including FLYING BEAM (NIR), SHARP EYE, DEEP LAISER, as well as updated Intelligent Object Recognition software, to deliver complex, artificially intelligent (AI) optical sensorbased sorting of recovered paper and plastics at very high throughput rates. The line, now available worldwide, includes the next-generation AUTOSORT optical sorter, the CYBOT robotic sorter, and SPEEDAIR, a 6m/second high-speed belting system (shown above, left).
HER SPEED AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR
TOMRA’s newly introduced AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR is a highly customizable system designed to stabilize especially light materials such as plastic films or paper on a high-speed conveyor, thus generating higher throughput and enhancing sorting quality at the recycling plant. “The SPEEDAIR uses an open-belt concept combined with recycled airflow from the top and back, to keep material from floating off the belt when travelling at higher speeds,” explains Atienza. He says the open concept allows operators to see exactly what is on the belt at all times, minimizes the chance for material blockage, and allows service technicians quick accesss to maintenance to reduce machine and circuit downtime. “Throughput is important but so is detection,” continues Atienza, adding that previously, with most optical sensors, the belt is moving at around 2.8 m/second, or maybe up to 3.2 m/second. “With SPEEDAIR we are doubling the belt speed and average throughput to about 6 m/second. “However, detection at the end of the day is the most important, because you want to have the best sorting performance. AUTOSORT technology is able to identify and provide exceptional sorting performance at high belt speeds.” Atienza says TOMRA collaborated with a company specializing in high-flow air systems when designing this component of the AUTOSORT system, adding that the open belt concept is a unique selling feature for the AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR. “Others have a covered belt to keep light material on the belt and avoid losing material when conveying at high speeds,” he explains. Due to its adjustable air recirculation capability, SPEEDAIR also provides the benefit of increasing overall flexibility at the recycling plant. “We can adjust air recirculation depending on the density of material,” Atienza says. “We don’t waste air, and you can control the circulation on the
belt. It’s flexible, so depending on the type of film, or paper, or the type of application, operators can play with the air recirculation to optimize throughput.” According to Atienza, all their machines, including SPEEDAIR and the entire AUTOSORT system, can be linked to TOMRA Insight so that customers can better control their facilities. “It is not only unit by unit control,
but it works for all units from our line,”Atienza says. “We can connect it to our SPEEDAIR or FLAKE SORTER, providing a comprehensive view of what’s going on in the entire plant. “And the Insight platform provides capability to see not only one machine, or one MRF, it delivers the ability to preview production data from multiple locations simultaneously.” RPN
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The circular economy solution to plastic pollution
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KUDOS TO REAL ACTION ON ORGANICS IN QUEBEC
BY SUSAN ANTLER
BY 2030, THE PLAN IS TO RECYCLE OR RECOVER 70 PERCENT OF ORGANIC RESIDUALS IN THE PROVINCE. . . QUEBEC IS SUPPORTING ITS GOALS WITH FINANCIAL COMMITMENTS TO THE TUNE OF $1.2 BILLION OVER THE NEXT DECADE.
he recent announcement by the Quebec Minister of the Environment and the Fight against Climate Change to push organics residuals recycling forward is monumental. The difference between similar initiatives put forward in the past in which diversion goals were declared, is this time the province is backing its goals with funding. Because of this, these goals have a very good chance to be realized. By 2025, Quebec wants all its residents to have access to organics recycling, and it wants all businesses in the IC&I sector recycling their organic residuals. By 2030, the plan is to recycle or recover 70 percent of organic residuals in the province, reducing 270,000 tonnes equivalent CO2 of greenhouse gas emissions annually. Quebec is supporting its goals with financial commitments to the tune of $1.2 billion over the next decade. Additionally, the landfill levy will go from $23.51 to $30 per tonne. As the organics recycling infrastructure expands in Quebec, recycling “encouragement” will head toward “requirement,” with planned investment in compost and digestate end market development also helping to build the working dynamics of the system envisaged. Comparatively, Ontario has also been working on an organics residuals recycling expansion plan, albeit with very limited discussion on how any expansion from the current at-capacity infrastructure will be funded. Truly, a “show me the money” mentality has to be fully discussed and included in any game plan if the achievability of the targets is to be taken seriously. The news out of Quebec is long overdue. It’s about time that organics recycling is being taken very seriously by government decision makers who are responsible for waste diversion, local self-reliance and sustainability, as well as climate change mitigation, soil health and productivity. Accolades should be directed to those who, virtually unassisted, have already stepped up to build this infrastructure, achieving an annual collective diversion impact of over 5 million tonnes of organic residuals away from landfill burial and into processing facilities where various
30 Recycling Product News July/August 2020
outputs include compost and digestate, as well as renewable energy. And yet, while this processing “mass” of five million tonnes makes organic residuals by far the #1 material recycled across Canada, we also know that we are currently only realizing about one-third of our annual potential, with much more work needed ahead in building infrastructure, participation and local markets. In another positive development, the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) has released a four-part document that does an excellent job of showcasing the overall value of organics recycling and, very specifically, the value of compost and anaerobic digestate when applied to soil. ISWA is very generously sharing this information globally, complementing the work done by organizations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN to influence better food security and environmental sustainability. Three of the ISWA documents are already available at no charge, with the fourth – which compellingly quantifies the benefits of compost in terms of carbon sequestration, water-holding capacity and nutrient – soon to be released. All four of these reports can be freely downloaded and should used with fervour by decision makers and advocates in North America to push organics recycling faster and further into all aspects of society. At this year’s upcoming, virtual, 30th Annual Organics Recycling Conference, scheduled for September 28 – October 2, we are delighted that the ISWA reports’ authors will be keynote speakers. Our virtual format advantages go even further as the Compost Council of Canada teams up with our colleagues at Cré (the Composting & Anaerobic Digestion Association of Ireland) to jointly present sessions during the conference, as well as enable visits to organics recycling facilities around the world during various sessions. The 30th Annual Organics Recycling Conference of The Compost Council of Canada will be held online during the week of September 28 – October 2, 2020. Susan Antler is the executive director of the Compost Council of Canada.
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