Recycling Product News July/August 2019, Volume 27, Number 5

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OverBuilt High Speed Car Crushers Only Overbuilt offers the Highest Opening in the Industry at 10’ and the Patented High Speed Oil Bypass System minimizing costs and maximizing production.

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CONTENTS JULY/AUGUST 2019 | Volume 27, Number 5


Changing with the times in the scrap business means employing customer-oriented strategies and maintaining high-level operational efficiencies

in optical sorting


40 SHINING A LIGHT ON THE IMPACT OF ENGINE IDLING Selecting the right engine oil

CARI’s Marie Binette addresses the need to provide policymakers with a clearer picture of the recycling industry


Adding a shredder and non-ferrous separation plant provides new market opportunities for Newco Metal & Auto Recycling


Reflecting on the Canada-wide strategy for zero plastic waste



Ontario municipalities launch residential polystyrene recycling in partnership with CPIA


Republic Services’ new Texas MRF is using a positive sorting system designed by Van Dyk for maximized recovery of mixed paper

On the cover: The Luba family, owners of Silver Creek Recycling, in Redcliff, Alberta, in front of their OverBuilt mobile auto crusher. FOLLOW US



cover story July/August 2019




JULY/AUGUST 2019 VOLUME 27, NUMBER 5 EDITOR Keith Barker; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop; 604-291-9900 ext. 315


MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlyn Till; 604-291-9900 ext. 330 EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Lawrence Buser; 604-291-9900 ext. 310 ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili; 604-291-9900 ext.110 ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto; 604-291-9900 ext. 320 CIRCULATION; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date Chong FOUNDER Engelbert Baum


35 38 6 Recycling Product News July/August 2019


Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906 Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in ­Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e­ xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2019, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.


Crisis? What Crisis?


Although the recycling industry is currently having some difficulties marketing some of their materials, the industry isn’t broken.” Art Mercer, SWANA’s incoming international secretary

n response to the proliferation of misleading and confusing information reported about the state of recycling in Canada, and with the goal of urging media to provide more accurate information, in June the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) released an educational flyer called “Canadian Recycling Myths vs Facts” meant to help promote current and accurate data. According to SWANA, the challenges facing Canadian recycling increased when China imposed restrictions on the import of recovered plastics and paper in 2018. These restrictions have highlighted areas for improvement but have not changed the importance of recycling in Canada. Unfortunately, misinformed stories about the futility of recycling have been published, leading to unnecessary confusion. SWANA’s recycling myths flyer addresses some of the common misconceptions, including that recycling is “failing” or “collapsing” and that it isn’t worth the effort anymore. “There are abundant reasons to be optimistic about the future of recycling in Canada,” states David Biderman, CEO and executive director of SWANA, who says the organization has also addressed a similar situation in the U.S. Positive developments in our industry, according to SWANA, include expectations for additional domestic processing capacity coming online over the next few years in North America that will help correct the current imbalance between supply and demand for recovered paper and plastic. Also, many communities are increasingly focused on reducing contamination, and recycling facilities are adapting methodology, using positive sorting and/or slowing down lines to produce higher quality material. SWANA also points to overall improvements in public education as well as more and more recycling facilities embracing new technologies

such as robotics to keep up with changing market requirements and material streams. “Although the recycling industry is currently having some difficulties marketing some of their materials, the industry isn’t broken,” says Art Mercer, SWANA’s Incoming International Secretary. “Materials are recycled into new products and this has many benefits, such as energy and resource conservation. Just because it is temporarily difficult to market some of the items, this is no reason to stop recycling and throw these items away, often filling up landfills. Also, we need to remember that we all have a responsibility to reduce the items we buy and throw away. Recycling is not the only solution.” The message from SWANA is echoed in our Last Word this issue from the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries, in which CARI’s Marie Binette opens with “The world needs more positive recycling stories.” Here’s one. In June, Recycling Product News and the Waste & Recycling Expo Canada (CWRE) / Municipal Equipment Expo Canada solidified their long-standing relationship, establishing Recycling Product News as the official magazine for the event. Here at RPN, we are very proud and excited about this new partnership which we feel confident will leverage the power of our two organizations, resulting in combined synergies based on a mutual objective to inform, connect and support the industry. “The Waste & Recycling Expo Canada is committed to robust collaborations,” said Arnie Gess, show manager, CWRE. “In that spirit, we welcome Recycling Product News as our Official Magazine and look forward to making the 2019 event in Toronto an enormous success.” The Waste & Recycling Expo Canada / Municipal Equipment Expo Canada 2019 is set for October 9–10 in Toronto. Hope to see you there.

Keith Barker, Editor 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305


8 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

FOLLOW US @recyclingpn


New high-tech MRF in Massachusetts using solar power for 30 percent of energy needs ZWS Waste Solutions, LLS (ZWS), sister company of ABC Disposal Service, Inc. and New Bedford Waste Services, LLC of New Bedford, Massachusetts, has opened what the company is calling one of the most advanced recycling facilities in the world. “We are very pleased to announce that after a very long process our Zero Waste Solutions recycling plant is now opened and processing materials into salable commodities,” said ZWS president and CEO, Michael A. Camara. “CP Group of San Diego, California, completed installing the recycling equipment with all of the latest technologies on Friday, May 17.” “CP is pleased to assist Mr. Camara and Zero Waste in seeing this project through,” said Terry Schneider, president and CEO of CP Group. “We are

very proud to have our newest sorting equipment featured in this state-ofthe-art system that will serve the needs of ABC Disposal’s customer base for years to come.” The 103,000-square-foot ZWS facility, officially opened May 20, will accept residential and commercial waste streams as well as single-stream, commingled and source-separated recyclables. The new facility will be also be partially powered by 88,000 square feet of solar panels. “By installing the 3,500 solar panels on our roof we’ll receive about 30 percent of our electrical needs from Green Energy,” said Camara. “ZWS has been equipped with the latest recycling technologies including many different-size screening systems, magnets, eddy current systems which remove aluminum and very sophisticated optical sorting systems. These

systems are all designed to automatically separate recyclable materials into different categories of commodities. “Combining the capabilities of our network of transfer stations and vast hauling operations as well as ZWS’s advanced recycling technologies we will be able to develop extremely efficient recycling operations,” continued


Metso acquires McCloskey Metso has signed an agreement to acquire McCloskey International, the Ontario-based mobile crushing and screening equipment manufacturer. According to Metso, the acquisition will expand their offerings in the aggregates industry globally and strengthen the customer reach, especially to general contractor customers. “This acquisition is in line with Metso’s profitable growth strategy,” said Pekka Vauramo, Metso’s President and CEO. “It strengthens our aggregates business in key growth areas. The different cycles of aggregates balance our previously more mining focused Minerals portfolio well.” “We are proud of the growth achieved in a competitive market,” said Paschal McCloskey, founder, president and CEO of McCloskey. “I know that joining Metso is the right move for all our customers, employees, dealers and business partners. The combination of our unique focus on products and people and Metso’s global resources will help create even better solutions for our customers.” Closing is expected to take place during Q4 2019. 10 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

BCUOMA partners on sea-containerbased used oil recycling system The BC Used Oil Management Association (BCUOMA), a not-for-profit group dedicated to the collection and recycling of lubricating oil, oil filters, oil containers, antifreeze and antifreeze containers in British Columbia, has been working with the Cariboo Regional District, which recently upgraded their used oil recycling facility located at the West Chilcotin Landfill in the interior of B.C. This new facility will provide surrounding residents with an easy, free and eco-friendly way to dispose of used oil and antifreeze materials. The Return Collection Facility (RCF) infrastructure grant that the Cariboo Regional District received from BCUOMA provided them with a modified sea container to facilitate the responsible collection and management of used oil, antifreeze, filters and containers. According to BCUOMA, their RCF infrastructure grant program’s purpose is to ensure that there are sufficient RCFs across British Columbia for DIY consumers to take back their used oil and antifreeze materials for processing at no charge to consumers. The program also requires the responsible environmental handling, collection, transportation, storage, processing and disposal of used oil and antifreeze material.



GFL to acquire Canada Fibers

Camara. “These advanced recycling technologies will allow us to improve our ability to process a larger percentage of materials which can then be recycled, reused and diverted from disposal. We have installed the most technologically advanced separation equipment available to achieve the highest recycling rates.

“Having our ZWS Recycling Facility finally opening is a great tribute to the years of hard work of our employees, my family and I,” added Camara. “This will benefit our customers for many years to come. We are very proud opening one of the most technically advanced recycling facilities in the world, and a great asset for Massachusetts.”

“BC used oil recycling centres are extremely easy to use and convenient for the public, and we hope to continue to see an increase in the number of British Columbians returning their used oil and antifreeze materials at these free recycling facilities,” said David Lawes, executive director, BC Used Oil Management Association. “It has been great working with the Cariboo Regional

District and we are happy to see their improved used oil recycling facility open to their community.” Each year, approximately 50 million litres of oil, and three million litres of antifreeze are collected and responsibly managed through approximately 300 public collection facilities and over 4,000 generators across British Columbia, managed by the BCUOMA program.

GFL Environmental Inc. has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Canada Fibers Ltd. and its affiliates. The transaction, is expected to close in the third quarter of 2019. Based in Toronto, Canada Fibers has been a leading operator of material recovery facilities for the recovery and processing of recyclable materials for more than 28 years. Canada Fibers provides recycling processing services to municipalities across Ontario, including the City of Toronto through its technologically advanced single-stream Arrow Road facility, and to its institutional, commercial and industrial customers. Canada Fibers has also been awarded the contract to design, build and operate an advanced single-stream material recovery facility in Winnipeg, Manitoba, which will commence operations in the fourth quarter of 2019. “Given the current state of commodity markets, we believe that now is the right time for GFL to acquire Canada Fibers, with its long established relationships with recyclable material buyers and its expertise in operating single-stream material recovery facilities,” said Patrick Dovigi, GFL’s founder and chief executive officer. “The addition of Canada Fibers’ operations to GFL’s existing collection networks will create new opportunities to provide integrated collection, sorting, processing and marketing of recyclable materials. Canada Fibers is led by an experienced management team including Joe Miranda, who has over 40 years of industry experience, and we are excited to have Joe and the employees of Canada Fibers join the GFL team.” GFL also recently announced the acquisition of Soil Safe. Since 1989, Soil Safe has recycled over 30 million tons of non-hazardous petroleum contaminated soil for beneficial reuse outside of landfills. At its facilities in New Jersey and Maryland, Soil Safe recycles contaminated soil into an engineered soil product used in a wide range of applications including capping material, road base and structural and general fill. July/August 2019



Area Recycling renovation and sort equipment upgrade complete After a two-month construction and installation period, Area Recycling in Pekin, Illinois, launched its new state-of-the-art material recovery system June 6. The facility expansion and equipment upgrade represents a $3.5 million business investment for PDC. “The recycling industry is at a critical point in its history and the value of recycling material is at a historic low,” said PDC Vice President Matt Coulter. “This new sort system produces a purer recycled commodity and it does it four times as fast as the old equipment. Adding value to our end product is one way to reinvigorate recycling.” Area Recycling’s sort equipment was built and installed by Machinex which designed the current system to process 12 tons per hour of residential single-stream, and for easy upgrade to 18 tons per hour. The system includes a completely new front end that includes a MACH Triple Deck OCC screen to reduce wrapping and improve cardboard recovery. Along with the OCC screen, a MACH Ballistic Separator was installed instead of a traditional disc screen to separate fibres from containers. According to Machinex, this ballistic separator solution reduces maintenance in a significant way for the operator because it has no exposed shafts for material to wrap around and there are no rubber discs to replace. Also included in the

current system upgrade is new metal separation equipment, including an overbelt magnet for ferrous metals and a new Machinex Eddy Current Separator for recovering aluminum cans in the processing stream. “We made this sizeable investment because we know the recycling industry will survive this downturn. Adapting to changing markets and creating a better end product is our vision realized,” said Coulter.


Ecolomondo recycling plant in Hawkesbury, Ontario, to process 1.4 million tires per year As part of its commitment to help innovative Canadian cleantech companies scale-up and export, Export Development Canada (EDC) recently announced its support for Ecolomondo, with a $32.1 million project finance loan. The loan will allow the company to build its first commercial plant that will treat end-of-life tires, in Hawkesbury, Ontario, creating approximately 40 direct jobs and bringing substantial economic benefits to the region. Montreal-based Ecolomondo has developed a groundbreaking approach to managing hydrocarbon waste, which makes up 34 percent of what is put in our landfills, including end-of-life tires, diapers, roof shingles, plastics and car fluff. Ecolomondo’s new technology recycles these items, creating high-value end products that can be used again. The Hawkesbury plant will be the first of its kind, will have the capacity to decompose 1.4 million endof-life tires per year, and will produce 28 million pounds per year of recycled resources for reuse by the industry. “This facility will be a technological showpiece that will demonstrate the commercial viability of our turnkey plants,” said Eliot Sorella, president and CEO of Ecolomondo. “Building it is a critical step in Ecolomondo’s future expansion into the global cleantech market.” Construction of Ecolomondo’s turnkey Thermal Decomposition plant is set to begin in July, with commercial operations expected to start in the first quarter of 2020.

12 Recycling Product News July/August 2019


WEEE Forum appoints global ambassador to support worldwide focus In order to continue to share and enhance its e-waste operational know-how throughout the world, the Belgium-based WEEE Forum, the International Association of Electronic Waste Producer Responsibility Organisations, has appointed Philip Morton, its former president, as global ambassador. Morton is tasked with encouraging start-up e-waste take back organizations across the globe to join the WEEE Forum family. According to the UN, only one-fifth of e-waste in the world is collected and properly treated; in many countries, e-waste is simply landfilled. The WEEE Forum has adopted a strategy to share its competence and knowhow with start-ups and also learn from them to enhance the Forum’s unique position as a worldwide centre of competence.



Cleanfarms calling for farmers to recycle 100 percent of plastic jugs to mark 30th Anniversary Thirty years ago, the crop protection industry in Canada planted the seeds of a voluntary stewardship program in Prairie communities to collect empty agricultural plastic jugs for recycling. The idea took root and since then, Cleanfarms has expanded the program across Canada, bringing in a total of about 126 million plastic jugs which have been recycled into new products instead of disposed in landfill. During Earth Week, April 22 to 28, Cleanfarms celebrated the 30th anniversary of collecting plastic jugs, 23L and under, for recycling. According to Cleanfarms, as this foundational agricultural waste collection program grew, it cleared

the path for the organization to introduce a broader range of programs to collect plastic farm waste materials, including empty seed, fertilizer and pesticide bags, silage wrap, large pesticide and fertilizer drums and totes, twine and grain bags. “We’re excited that we’ve been able to increase the recovery of empty containers thanks to Canadian farmers and more than 1,000 ag-retail and municipal collection sites across the country. In 2018, we recovered nearly 5.8 million containers, a 14 percent increase by volume over 2017,” said Barry Friesen, Cleanfarms general manager. Currently, Cleanfarms recovers about 65 percent of the smaller plastic containers that are

placed on the market each year. “Our success in 2018 set us up to go after 100 percent recovery to celebrate our 30th anniversary in 2019. We’re asking farmers who use these products to follow best practice and recycle every one of the empty containers when they’re finished with them. It’s a big ask but we know Canadian farmers are keen stewards of their land and are committed to environmental responsibility when it comes to how this packaging is managed,” Friesen said.

July/August 2019


SPOTLIGHT Herbold Hot Wash System improves volume and quality of plastic recyclate Manufacturers of food products and other packaging-intensive goods require large quantities of uniform reusable plastic granulates/flakes. When integrated into a new or existing plastics recycling line, hot wash systems from Herbold USA are designed to help processors meet this demand. The Herbold Hot Wash System, initially designed for PET bottles, can also be used successfully to process a variety of other items including thermoformed foils, trays and foil used in the packaging industry, as well as PO foils. Fatty impurities from remnants of lotions, cooking oils or sunscreen are dissolved and washed away, as are residues from labels and adhesives.

According to Herbold, the elimination of impurities at the front end of the process results in a higher volume of usable flake that is substantially cleaner. This improved cleanliness of the flake is evidenced by a significant reduction of particles found in extrusion melt filters – routinely 50 percent less than non-hot washed flake. The resulting clean flake also has reduced odour, is completely clear and does not yellow. Every Herbold Hot Wash System is custom-configured to best suit the needs of the application, using a variety of components which may include multi-chamber separation tanks, friction washers, turbo washers,

mechanical and/or thermal dryers. Typically, systems are used in-line as part of a continuous process. However, when cleanliness is paramount, the hot-wash process can take place offline, allowing users to adjust dwell time in agitation tanks to achieve the desired level of cleanliness.

FleetMind integrates platform with ITA Dynamics and C2Logix

SenSen Gemineye smartphone app takes on illegal dumpers Artificial intelligence solutions provider SenSen Networks Ltd. recently announced the launch of the world’s first AI-powered smartphone app, Gemineye. This app offers governments, municipalities and cities worldwide an affordable, highly accurate, cloud-based smart city platform to help tackle illegal dumping, which costs millions to clean up every year in North America. Municipalities or government operators select the service they require through the Gemineye smartphone app. The smartphone will then begin to analyze feeds from its sensors and cameras in real time, utilizing SenSen’s proprietary AI-powered software. SenSen’s highly accurate AI-powered software will then identify activities of people, vehicles of interest and assets of relevance to the city and upload this data to their smart city cloud infrastructure in real time.

14 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

FleetMind Solutions and ITA Dynamics announced at the start of May that the companies have integrated their products in order to provide North American waste management and recycling companies with a seamlessly integrated all-in-one solution for billing, route management and service verification. Using FleetMind’s FleetLink Route System and ITA Dynamics’ Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central ENWIS products together, solid waste fleets can create customers, assign subscriptions, dispatch routes, and handle on-demand stops, while maintaining a single version of events. They can also leverage FleetLink Reports’ extensive service verification capabilities, which provide time-stamped, location-based photographic evidence of service delivery, to provide conclusive proof to rapidly resolve customer service queries, particularly complaints about missed service or excessive billing. In April, FleetMind also announced that they have integrated their route management and optimization products with C2Logix. This integration is meant to provide solid waste management fleets with a one-click solution that optimizes routes for immediate dispatch. Using FleetMind and C2Logix together, users will be able to dispatch optimized routes to vehicles on the fly and quickly achieve significant savings in fuel as well as wear and tear.


SOLO shredders first developed by CM and Schutte Hammermill

Coretex enhances Smart Waste solution

CM Shredders has introduced a new single-shaft shredder line that features a Smart-Ram system that automatically adjusts ram pressure for maximum efficiency. The new CM SOLO series is ruggedly built and engineered for performance, durability and low cost of operation, and is the first new product developed jointly with CM’s new sister company, Schutte Hammermill. Available in five models with the choice of 12-, 15- and 20-inch rotor diameters and with powertrain options from 30 hp all the way up to 125 hp, these shredders feature four-way reversible tool steel cutting teeth to handle small applications all the way up to large scale size reduction operations. Units also produce minimal dust and require reduced power usage and manpower.

At Waste Expo 2019 in May, Coretex introduced its upgraded Smart Waste solution, an evolution of its Air-Trak waste services technology and now an integrated module within the Coretex 360 IoT platform. The product includes a new user interface and mobile applications for fleet dispatchers, drivers, city waste and recycling departments, commercial and residential end users. “Technology is transforming the waste and recycling fleet management industry by providing increased efficiencies and decreased operating costs,” said Sam Barclay of Coretex. “Being able to automatically track performance and monitor the status of work orders in real time, without disrupting drivers, allows operators to proactively update routes which saves them time and money while keeping drivers safer than ever.”


• Produces more than 200 tons an hour • CAT C27; 1050hp or optional CAT C32 1200hp engines • Hog box raises for fast and easy screen and tip changes • 40” diameter by 60” wide forged, high-strength rotor core • Large capacity feed hopper easily handles full-length trees • Metal Detection System protects machine from tramp metal

OUTPRODUCE • OUTPERFORM • OUTLAST CBI • 22 Whittier Street, Newton, New Hampshire 03858 USA • (603) 382-0556 • July/August 2019



Momentum introduces range of fuel system options

At Waste Expo 2019 Momentum Fuel Technologies announced the availability of multiple new fuel systems, including a 120 diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) CNG tailgate system – the largest capacity, longest range tailgate compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel system available, according to Momentum. Shown here on an E-Z Pack body, the 120 DGE system is beneficial for longer rural routes, common for refuse and recycling fleets. Momentum’s product line has also expanded to include a front of body fuel system with up to 75 DGE capacity, and a 95 DGE back-of-cab fuel system. The front of body system is integrated to the truck body, providing a clean, streamlined appearance and allowing for a tighter wheel base. Momentum’s new 95 DGE back of cab fuel system, due to its increased fuel capacity, provides drivers and fleet managers with more fuel capacity in the same space. The 95 DGE back

New liquid additive strengthens polymer recyclate

+Restore, a new liquid additive from Riverdale Global, is engineered to reduce the polymer degradation that takes place during melt processing, substantially increasing physical property retention in regrind, when compared with unmodified material. According to Jared Arbeter, Riverdale’s technical sales manager, +Restore additive has exhibited positive results with recycled commodity resins such as polyolefins. For example, he says reground homopolymer polypropylene containing +Restore additive exhibited 65 percent greater Izod impact strength than unmodified regrind. Improvements have also been achieved with PP copolymer and HDPE. The new additive can be used alone or in a blend with Riverdale Global’s liquid colours, with typical usage rates in the 0.1 to 0.5 percent range. Processors can use the +Restore additive to enhance the physical properties of virgin materials, though the most dramatic results are exhibited in recycling. “+Restore enables recyclers to obtain physical properties much closer to those of virgin polymer than with unmodified regrind,” said Arbeter. “This innovation expands end-use possibilities for recycled material, opening new applications in moulded or extruded products, including fibres.”

16 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

of cab fuel system is also integrated with Momentum’s fuel management module so the entire package can be installed faster and requires less frame space. Additionally, the company launched a roof mount fuel system with 95 DGE capacity, which leverages this previously unused space in its 75 DGE system without enlarging the overall unit size.

Wastequip launches self-contained compactor and latest roll-off Wastequip debuted its new Clean-Pak selfcontained compactor at WasteExpo 2019, along with updated roll-off containers. Wastequip’s new CleanPak compactor is perfect for food and medical waste and according to the manufacturer, is the first self-contained compactor in the U.S. market with hydraulic cylinders and hoses outside the charge box area, eliminating the need to clean behind the ram. These compactors are designed to reduce mess and prevent components and personnel from coming into contact with waste. Clean-Pak self-contained compactors use a standard Wastequip 10-hp tri-volt power unit and a patented compactor head to ensure effectiveness and power. This past spring, Wastequip also launched a new line of rectangular roll-off containers featuring patent-pending large removable sign plates. These new containers were designed to address growing demand from haulers for more professional-looking and easy-to-maintain branded equipment offerings. The new roll-off container models with removable sign plates offer a large, flat, recessed metal surface to accommodate a graphic of up to 70 inches wide by 35 inches high. The recessed signage area is protected by an L-shaped frame designed to shed water and prevent corrosion and which securely holds the sign against the reinforced container sidewall.

This is a true story. Waterless, self-contained mobile odour control BossTek has developed a new autonomous mobile chemical dispersion system that uses no water to reduce site odours for a range of large-scale applications including waste management, recycling and compost facilities. Unlike conventional water-based odour control equipment, according to BossTek, the OdorBoss Fusion takes a different approach, with a patent-pending chemical delivery system that eliminates the need for water dilution. The unique nozzle technology and powerful ducted fan distribute highly effective, biodegradable odour control chemicals over a wide area, and the fully contained, self-powered unit can run for more than a week without operator intervention.

Our customer’s screens were wrapped, clogged, and ineffective within minutes after cleaning. They paused production every shift and needed extra labor to clean them.

They upgraded.

And replaced those inclining ONP screens with our non-wrapping 440 screens.

They experienced:

• Virtually no wrapping • $125,000 in annual savings on star changes • Clean screens in less than 20 minutes with no stoppages • A 40% increase in throughput • A 7% increase in PET recovery

Ropax compactor The Ropax Jumbo from Epax Systems is an innovative compactor that increases compaction in open top roll-off containers, allowing up to five times more material in a single container. The Ropax Jumbo uses a continuous rolling spiked compaction drum to break, tear and compact material, features German engineering by Bergmann and is built in collaboration with Epax systems Inc., a Los Angeles environmental technology firm. The Ropax Jumbo is ideal for wood pallets, crates and cable drums, and bulky and voluminous wastes.

We work on solutions for you every day!

203 967 1100 | |


The Lubas outside their Redcliff, Alberta, scrap and auto recycling facility. From left: Merl (the dog), Amanda, Bradyn, Twila and 18 Recycling Product News July/August 2019 Danny.

Crushing it in



ilver Creek Recycling, located in Redcliff, Alberta, is a family business owned by Danny and Twila Luba and their son Bradyn. Bradyn’s wife, Amanda, is a registered social worker. Danny and Twila Lubas’ two daughters are Tajia, a business graduate working in commercial lending, and Taryn, a registered nurse. The family has operated Silver Creek Steel Mobile, a mobile recycling operation, since the late 1990s, servicing industrial locations throughout Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta, from large auto wreckers and landfills, to estate cleanups and oilfield demolition. “During that time, we were able to observe many aspects of different scrapyard operations,” explains Danny Luba. “We saw what worked and what did not, and that really laid the foundation for us to establish a stationary yard with very effective and efficient operational strategies.” Silver Creek’s scrap recycling yard in Redcliff was established in 2016, on 15 acres, with a 23,000-square-foot facility. “We have kept our mobile division running strong with our established clients. It’s like a family with them,” says Danny, adding that their stationary yard is different, has different clientele, with bin service and a high-tech scale, but it does operate hand in hand with the mobile division. A lot

of Silver Creek’s stationary yard customers bring material in from cleanup at industrial sites and farmyards, and they see a range of scrap material from public, commercial and residential drop off. With their combined mobile and stationary operations, the Lubas say their client base is growing every day.


When asked how the recycling industry has changed since they’ve started, Bradyn Luba says, “A big thing that we’ve seen change is logistics, trucking. We have been flattening our cars, and now we are diversifying and moving to baling them – because we’re having a harder time getting trucks.” By baling, he says, they can fit more in a given load. “It’s because of the logistics. We can get more drops and it’s more user-friendly for the driver, because he’s not 13 feet in the air with his load and he can just throw straps over the material and be on his way back to our yard.” “We can pump out 1,000 tons, we can crush it and put it in a pile, but if we can’t get it to the mill it’s no good to us.” He says they have built up a fleet of four trucks to help decrease the need for outsourcing their hauling and operational needs. “We have a roll-off that picks bins and so forth. We have super B truck going with number 2 [heavy melting scrap] to Calgary, July/August 2019



Danny, Twila and Bradyn Luba with their OverBuilt high-speed car crusher which they say has doubled production. back and forth. And then we have two trucks for our mobile division, one with a demolition trailer, which is how we’re cleaning up oilfield sites and farmyards and other sites like that.” On mobile jobs, Bradyn says they take an excavator with a shear, magnet and bucket. Some call this setup (with the excavator and attachments) the Swiss Army knife for scrap “because it can do everything for us.” “We also have loaders that can go out, and we take our OverBuilt mobile lid crusher along with our logger/baler.” “With all this, we have pretty much everything we need to clean up any industrial spaces.”

We can pump out 1,000 tons, we can crush it and put it in a pile, but if we can’t get it to the mill it’s no good to us.” Bradyn Luba on the challenges of logistics 20 Recycling Product News July/August 2019


Silver Creek has been using an OverBuilt car crusher since 2011. The Lubas refer to it as a lid crusher. “We just have the one OverBuilt. We do use it at our home base, but its primary purpose is for mobile jobs,” explains Bradyn. “We had three other lid crushers previously. When we saw the OverBuilt, we saw how much speed it had. It does almost twice as much as our previous machines. So we actually decommissioned the other lid crushers and kept only one, mainly just for our yard for small volumes.” He says their OverBuilt machine on the other hand is for large volumes. “We matched a loader to go with it and that’s where we can produce and process vehicles very quickly.” According to Danny Luba, on mobile jobs, they can be six to nine hours away from home, and the longer they are out of town on a job, the more their costs. “The sooner you can get in and out, everybody’s happy and we’re making more money,” says Danny. “But if we have to stay because our machine is slower, that costs money. The OverBuilt design has really impressed us.” “It’s also a very user-friendly ma-

chine,” adds Bradyn. “The lid opening is a lot bigger to accommodate bigger vehicles, like with farm equipment for example. Even having an air compressor on board – things like that speed up production. One less thing you have to carry in a truck or your tool trailer.” “I would say our OverBuilt lid crusher has doubled our production, easily.” Bradyn continues, talking about the machine’s remote-control system, “Having the ability to fully control the machine from start up to shutting it off, and independently controlling each side – it’s like having another guy or another set of hands.” He adds that having onboard field tanks and having a catch tank at the back for waste fluids also contribute to the great design of their OverBuilt car crusher. In addition, easy maintenance is part of the design. “It’s got a John Deere power plant which has had no issues at all. It is easy to maintain.”


The way that scrapyard owners need to deal with customers is one element of the industry that has changed in recent years according to the Lubas. Part of their strategy in this area

involves engaging with customers and the community at various levels. Silver Creek participates in various community initiatives and generates a significant amount of business through the company’s user-friendly website. According to Twila Luba, it’s also about creating a clean, non-intimidating, safe yard for customers to come into. “Our vision right from the beginning when we set up this yard was that both inside the shop and outside, we want everything to be organized, we want everything to have a place and everything should be in its place,” says Twila. “We also want to touch materials a minimum number of times. Just keeping an organized yard helps us to maintain a high level of operational efficiency. We’re not touching things unnecessarily and adding costs to them by having employees handle them multiple times. She continues, “When you come into the shop as a customer, it doesn’t matter what day of the week, you’ll come into our drive-through non-ferrous bay and it is clean, it is swept. There’s nothing sitting around. It’s a safe environment and allows people to unload their materials outside of inclement weather, if it’s winter or if it’s raining.” On-site at Silver Creek Recycling, commercial and public customers continue through after drop-off, circle around the building and back up to the scale and office for payment. “When you drive on to the yard, we have signs directing people where they need to go,” says Twila. “We don’t allow customers onto the yard unless they are supervised by the employees, so they know where to go. And we always know where people are. It’s part of our safety program.”


Because the Lubas come from a farming background, they come from a culture where everybody learns to do things for themselves and to be selfsufficient, whether it’s mechanical or otherwise. “We really have the same mentality here,” explains Twila. “Bradyn is as a journeyman Red Seal mechanic; he’s an excellent welder. So we do all of our maintenance in-house. The odd time

we do have to outsource work like that, but very seldom, and so that’s really a cost-saving measure for us. We really don’t get outside people to come in and do very much for us. One example of this kind of selfreliance, is their tracked material handler, which they designed and built themselves.

“I put a cab riser on a 240 Hitachi [last winter],” explains Bradyn. “We actually have been using that a lot, mounted with a thumb and bucket. We find it best for picking and pulling wire and sorting.” According to Twila, “The other thing that we have done is that when we estab-



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An excavator with shear on-site at Silver Creek Recycling. Opposite: the revised Hitachi handler with cab riser designed and built by Bradyn Luba. lished our group of employees here we really wanted our people to have specific skills. We also wanted people to have a specific attitude. We need our people to be team players because we want everyone to pitch in and help everyone else when they need to. “As owners, we’re all very hands-on,” she continues. “If we need to, we’ll be in the shop, sweeping the floor on Friday, helping employees if things get too busy to finish up what they need to by 4:30 on Friday.”

22 Recycling Product News July/August 2019


“We come from a very small farming community and we are always actively involved with community fundraisers,” explains Twila. She says that they wanted to present community groups with different ways of raising funds in the local community. “We try to get people to think outside of the box a little bit,” she says. “Instead of asking people to donate cash or different things, you can ask them: would you be interested in getting rid of some

scrap metal off your farm?” Silver Creek Steel will come to a site, process and haul material away for recycling, with proceeds going back to the community groups involved. “We also designate a collection site in partner communities and people can come and bring all of their material there.” She continues, “Every year we have local fire departments that come here to our facility, and we set up mock collisions and other scenarios for them. They practice using the jaws of life and so forth and training new members. We really enjoy doing that. “In the spring, we have primary schools come on site. We offer field days for them. We bring the bus on location and then we have different demonstrations with our large equipment. “I think recycling in all areas, whether it’s cardboard or plastics or anything is really becoming more and more mainstream all the time,” says Twila. “It’s really exciting to have the opportunity to talk to the kids about metal recycling, because they hear about recycling their plastic water bottles, but nobody really talks about metal too much.” She says they have some activities to teach the basics of recycling non-ferrous metals,

and then the kids get ice cream. But the most exciting thing for the kids isn’t the ice cream. “We pick one name out of a hat, and then that child gets to use the remote for the OverBuilt to crush a car,” says Twila. “They just go wild!”


With respect to material volumes processed by Silver Creek Recycling in a given month, it varies. For example, they have one customer who sells them around 5,000 tons every two to three years. “He’ll stockpile it and he’ll call us when the price is good, then we go in there,” he says. “So our volume changes follow the market.” Bradyn says that lost global markets such as China have not affected their business because of their good relationships with their mills. “They keep us going through the good and the bad. “Usually January is a time of the year mills are starting to look for material. Otherwise, it changes all the time and every year is different.” Commodity prices currently are definitely month to month. “So that determines how much work we’re going to be doing. When it does come time, we have to be prepared to get in and get out.” “When the mill wants material, we have to be efficient and not waste time.” Silver Creek Recycling has three established mill buyers, all based in Canada. “We don’t source out different buyers every week or every month,” explains Danny Luba. “We have a good relationship with our buyers and we’re sort of a family, we stick together. They need us, we need them. “When we have a push, when our buyers tell us the market is going up, or it’s going down, that determines how much material we move. One example in our mobile business, in November, we had a short window and we pushed out 1,400-plus tons in 21 days. Then again in May we processed and shipped over 900 tons in just seven days.” “But if the market is down, like it is now, we start to pedal a little bit, and we’re stockpiling. We move 1,000 tons every month, or every week. “It all depends on the market.” RPN



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Newco adds shredder in Newfoundland S

t. John’s, Newfoundland–based Newco Metal & Auto Recycling has commissioned an M6090 modular automobile shredder plant and non-ferrous separation system from Wendt Corporation. The installation represents Newco’s first automobile shredder and is expected to provide new market opportunities and economic advantages for processing the company’s scrap metal. Newco was originally founded in 1992 and later acquired in 2010 by current owner, Bob Anstey. Over the past nine years, Anstey has worked to help grow and expand the company by modernizing it with new equipment and technology. Newco has 12 stores throughout Newfoundland and Labrador and serves over 100 municipalities by providing ferrous and nonferrous metals cleanup services of landfills and industrial sites. Located on an island, Newco faced transportation obstacles and high freight charges of their product, which initially sparked the company’s interest in purchasing a shredder. “I could see the trouble that we were getting into with not having enough transportation to move the product to a market and the inefficient way we were doing it by putting it on trucks and shipping it off,” said Anstey. “We couldn’t keep going that way because all of our profits were getting eaten up by transportation. If we didn’t change the way we did business, we wouldn’t survive.” Newco’s new automobile shredder plant and non-ferrous system was installed and commissioned on the company’s greenfield site in St. John’s, Newfoundland, in April 2019. Their new Wendt M6090 automobile shredder features a Bowe disc rotor and 2,500-hp DC motor. The shredding plant also includes an infeed conveyor, dual magstand with electromagnetic drums, ballistic separator and modular design features, including a pre-fabricated motor enclosure and platform, remote pre-wired e-house, control pulpit and structural steel

24 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

frame that allows the shredder to be installed on a flat concrete pad. Newco’s equipment purchase also includes a non-ferrous recovery system containing two eddy current separators to recover aluminum (zorba) and three Tomra Finders to recover insulated copper wire and stainless steel (zurik). With the installation of their new shredder, Newco now has the ability to easily ship their finished products off of the island. “The metal shredding plant is very important to my business,” Anstey said. “If I didn’t have the metal shredding plant set up now, we would have very little transportation leaving the island to take my material to other markets to sell. We would have been in dire straits because there was no way to efficiently process the material and ship it and get enough money out of it to break even. With the shredder now, we can do it at home in our backyard with our own local employees and export ourselves.”

Newco’s new automobile shredder plant and nonferrous system (top), installed and commissioned on the company’s greenfield site in St. John’s, Newfoundland, in April.

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he Taurus Diablo scrap metal and auto baler DB62, available in North America through Ontario-based ELV Select, is designed for baling of cars and metal shred. According to ELV, units are built to make very dense bales, with maximum density of 1,400 kg/m3, and to be quick and easy to transport as well as simple to operate, making them ideal for companies with multiple yards or for rental to other metal recyclers. These machines are built rigid and

This is a singleram baler which allows Taurus to focus its attention toward using the cost savings of having only one ram, to beef up its structure and hydraulics.” Bob Vanleeuwen 26 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

strong to handle the rigours of continuous baling, and diesel hydraulic aggregate and electrical components situated safely at the rear of the baler. For ease of transport, the DB62 comes equipped with a roll-on roll-off lifting hook. Diablo balers use a ridged compression box (squeeze box) with a single twostage oscillating lid. The lid is hinged at the centre which enables effective two-stage compression. The first half of the lid is activated by two hydraulic cylinders. The second half of the lid is activated by a further two cylinders to provide maximum compacting compression. The squeeze box is constructed with Hardox wear-resistant steel. “This is a single-ram baler which allows Taurus to focus its attention toward using the cost savings of having only one ram to beef up its structure and hydraulics. It is built very heavy-duty,” said Bob Vanleeuwen from ELV Select. He adds, “The Diablo DB62 features an auto baling cycle that ensures the ram is protected during the full loading to compression process, and its remote control operation allows the operator in the material handler feeding the machine to fully control his work area.”

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nnovation, safety and a reliable partner – that is what was important to Jörgen Sassen as the owner of Steelage, a scrap recycler located in the Czech Republic. “We have been working with Sennebogen for a few years now. We were looking for the perfect balance in terms of price, performance, productivity and reliability that others in the market were not offering.” He says they finally found the perfect match with their local Sennebogen dealer. The new Sennebogen E Series machines, painted in the Steelage orange livery, really stand out. They have been a permanent fixture at mill service specialists Steelage since the beginning of 2018.

28 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

Steelage, has been operating at Ostrava, the largest steelworks in the Czech Republic and is located in the heart of the third largest Czech town since the 1950s. Steelage, working exclusively with Sennebogen since their first days of operation, has become indispensable as their internal scrap logistics expert, handling on average 120,000 tons a month. Those in charge of the project faced an interesting challenge due to the limited space available. The central scrap yard is surrounded by narrow pathways and two sets of railroad tracks. On top of that, the scrap has to be transported across the tracks. Complicating it even further is the need to be able to easily load and unload railcars and trucks. By working closely with Sennebogen

and their dealer, a customized solution was configured using the Sennebogen product line. Using the modularity of the Sennebogen design, an 840 crawler gantry material handler, powered via a spiral winding engine line drum, was created. This meant that trucks can drive under the material handlers without interrupting their workflow. Now with reach of over 75 feet (23 m) and a strengthened special attachment, this robust machine is able to withstand the rigours of 6,000 operating hours a year. In the middle of the front section of their 215,000-square-foot scrapyard (20,000 square metres), another stationary Sennebogen 825 electric material handler feeds a compactor. It will be replaced by a Sennebogen 830 E Series

machine giving it more reach and lifting capacity. Three more electric drive 840 R-HD material handlers mounted on a 2-m pylon work the various areas of the yard. The additional 2-m extension ensures that the operators have the best possible view of the piles as well as when loading the rail cars. “As we are involved in recycling the steelworks’ old scrap, it was clear for many reasons, including why it was important to reduce our growing responsibility towards our employees and our surrounding environment,” says Sassen.

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plastics in canada – action begins on the recycling challenge of our time BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR


n June 10th, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that the Government of Canada will take new steps to reduce Canada’s plastic waste, support innovation, and promote the use of affordable and safe alternatives. Working with governments and businesses across the country, the Government of Canada has specifically stated that the following action will be taken: • A ban on harmful single-use plastics as early as 2021 (including plastic bags, straws, cutlery, plates, and stir sticks) and “other steps” to reduce pollution from plastic products and packaging; • The government will work with provinces and territories to introduce standards and targets for companies that manufacture plastic products or sell items with plastic packaging so they become responsible for their plastic waste. According to the government-issued press release, these measures will be grounded in scientific evidence and will align, where appropriate, with similar actions being taken in the European Union and other countries. The actions will also support the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment’s development of an action plan to implement the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste. The press release stated: “With the longest coastline in the world and one-quarter of the world’s freshwater, Canada has a unique responsibility – and opportunity – to lead in reducing plastic pollution. From launching the Ocean Plastics Charter at the 2018 G7 Summit to investing in new Canadian technologies that turn plastic waste into valuable resources, we are doing

30 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

A mountain of plastic waste.

Photo courtesy of just that. Together, we can make our economy stronger and take an important step toward protecting wildlife and the places Canadians love.” Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated, “Canadians know first-hand the impacts of plastic pollution, and are tired of seeing their beaches, parks,

streets and shorelines littered with plastic waste. We have a responsibility to work with our partners to reduce plastic pollution, protect the environment, and create jobs and grow our economy. We owe it to our kids to keep the environment clean and safe for generations to come.”

PLASTIC QUICK FACTS • Every year, Canadians throw away over 3 million tonnes of plastic waste. This represents up to $8 billion per year in lost value and wastes valuable resources and energy. • About one-third of the plastics used in Canada are for single-use or shortlived products and packaging. In fact, in Canada, up to 15 billion plastic bags are used every year and close to 57 million straws are used daily. • Every year, 640,000 tons of abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear enters our oceans. It can persist in the environment for up to 600 years. • Every year, 1 million birds and over 100,000 sea mammals worldwide are injured or die when they mistake

plastic for food or become entangled. • Globally, one garbage truckload of plastic waste enters the ocean every minute, and that amount is increasing steadily. • Over the last 25 years, nearly 800,000 volunteers have removed over 1.3 million kilograms of trash from across Canada’s shorelines through Ocean Wise and World Wildlife Fund’s Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup program, supported by the Government of Canada. The most commonly littered items on our shorelines are singleuse or short-life products, many made of plastics.

Source: Government of Canada.


Four of Canada’s major provincial waste reduction and recycling organizations (Recycling Council of BC, Recycling Council of Alberta, Saskatchewan Waste Reduction Council and Recycling Council of Ontario) announced their official support for the Government of Canada’s announcement June 10 regarding plans to reduce Canada’s plastic waste, support innovation and promote the use of affordable and safe alternatives. The organizations have jointly stated: “We agree with initiatives to ban single-use plastics (such as plastic bags, straws, cutlery, plates, and stir sticks) as early as 2021. We keenly await further details on what materials will be included and how these bans will be introduced and enforced. We note that this approach seems to mirror the approach taken by the EU in its SingleUse Plastics Directive.

“We are pleased to see that these initiatives will be supported by scientific evidence. This provides an opportunity to work toward a circular economy model through research regarding best practices and innovation. At the same time, we want to ensure that this is not used as an excuse to delay necessary action. The elimination of unnecessary single-use plastics is well-grounded in reality, and should be advanced as soon as possible. “We urge the government to also adopt approaches similar to the EU’s in setting design requirements and aggressive diversion targets for remaining plastics.” The organizations also stated that Canada’s new policy is consistent with the stated approach to work with provinces and territories to introduce standards and targets for companies that manufacture plastic products or sell items with plastic packaging so they become responsible for their plastic waste.

Current EPR policies and programs across Canada have different scopes, financial models, performance definitions, and approaches to enforcement and compliance. The introduction of national standards could be the catalyst to create harmonized frameworks, facilitate consistent data collection, and set national targets for plastics waste recycling. According to Jo-Anne St. Godard, Executive Director, Recycling Council of Ontario, “The environmental costs and economic losses of plastic pollution has hit a tipping point with more than 90 percent of nearly 5,000 kilotonnes of plastic generated lost to disposal. “By taking a multi-pronged approach – product bans, producer responsibility, support for innovation and research, and most of all reducing plastic in its own operations – the Government of Continued on page 34

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PLASTICS RECYCLING Continued from page 31 Canada has made a positive and critical first step.” The RCO states that while there is no single solution to addressing plastic waste, the combination of initiatives will position Canada in a place of domestic and international leadership. The Government of Canada also sets an example

by looking internally and leveraging its own purchasing and procurement power to shift markets by reducing reliance on single-use plastic and increasing usage of products that contain recycled material. According to RCO, the announcement also contains initiatives that strike the right balance of economic, environment and social considerations: • Banning specific items that are

Sifting through foam waste on the shoreline. Photo courtesy of proven to be impossible to recycle, and lost to disposal and litter, will create better alternatives. • Making producers that manufacture, manage and market products and packaging that do not have systematic recycling options at end-of-life has the greatest potential to shift markets for greater efficiency. • Introducing standards and targets for recycling will allow for progress to be measured, which has historically been lacking. • Conducting research and working collaboratively across value and supply chains will uncover new and better ways to produce, use, and manage products and services. “We now fully understand the environmental and social costs of plastic pollution; however, we have long understated the economic costs of our take-make-dispose lifestyles where millions of dollars of worth of material is lost to disposal,” said St. Godard. “By banning single-use items and making producers that bring material to market financially responsibly, we will encourage innovation that will address the long-term damage that plastic pollution has on our environment. “We look forward to working with the Government of Canada, as well as jurisdictions and organizations from across the country, to reduce and eradicate plastic waste.” RPN

34 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

Ontario municipalities launch residential polystyrene recycling in partnership with CPIA

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olystyrene foam recycling has officially returned to the towns of Brockton and Hanover, Ontario, as of the end of May 2019. Up until 2017, polystyrene foam was accepted for recycling at the local Walkerton Recycling Centre depot; however, that ended when their end-market cancelled their foam recycling program. The Chair of Brockton’s Environmental Advisory Committee, Bruce Davidson, says he anticipated that since that time, residents have been saving foam packaging in hopes that recycling opportunities would resume. Davidson wasn’t about to take no for an answer as he watched foam packaging from households and local businesses and industries go to landfill. Since 2017, Davidson has brought together key players who could make a difference in how foam packaging could be managed in their recycling system. He started with the Canadian Plastics Industry Association (CPIA) and Bruce Power, a local electricity generation company that handles a large amount of polystyrene packaging in its waste stream. With the local support of

CPIA’s Carol Hochu and Joe Hruska (left), help load a new RUNI densifier, with Bruce Davidson, chair of Brockton, Ontario’s Environmental Advisory Committee. the two host municipalities, Brockton and Hanover, CPIA also got the Washingtonbased Foodservice Packaging Institute (FPI) involved. FPI represents industries in foodservice that use foam products to deliver prepared food safely to customers. Together, these stakeholders have developed a plan and funded a solution. The solution involves the installation of a new machine – a Runi SK 120 Densifier – at the Brockton Recycling Centre on Kincardine Highway in Walkerton, Ontario. Brockton’s Mayor Chris Peabody called the machine “a game changer” for local recycling programs because it can compress bulky polystyrene foam used to protect appliances and electronics during shipping, into compact bricks ready for shipment to recycling end markets. The compressed bricks also mean fewer trucks are needed to

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PLASTICS RECYCLING transport materials, thereby saving fuel and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At a launch event on May 30 to mark the return of polystyrene foam recycling to Brockton and Hanover, Mayor Peabody noted that their unique mix of urban and rural communities is a place “where municipalities, local businesses and industry can work toward a common goal of identifying and supporting

solutions that protect the environment and bolster the local and domestic circular economy.” Hanover Mayor Sue Paterson said adding polystyrene to the recycling program again means the material will no longer be sent to landfill for disposal. “Foam plastic doesn’t compress very well when it is relegated to landfill,”

Brockton’s RUNI densifier compresses loads of polystyrene into clean, compact bricks ready for transport and sale.


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36 Recycling Product News July/August 2019


she said. “In fact, it takes up a lot of space . . . and landfill space is precious. We want to conserve it. Our estimate is that with this new technology, we will be able to conserve the equivalent of twenty 53-foot van trailers of landfill space per year. That’s a lot of saved space.” CPIA President and CEO Carol Hochu credited the municipalities as being “role models showing that rural/ urban communities can join forces to move beyond the ordinary to achieve the extraordinary.” She said the polystyrene foam that will be densified at the Brockton Recycling Centre will be shipped to end markets in Canada and the U.S. The material could end up in cement and cement furniture products to lighten them and provide lightweight filler, in forms for foundation, in insulation boards and injected into walls for insulation, and to make products such as crown moulding and picture frames. “With public and private sector partnerships like this, we are starting on a journey to 100 percent plastic recovery where the benefits of plastic are fully realized,” said Hochu, adding “the journey starts with innovation, creativity, commitment and responsibility.”




hen it comes to dealing with incoming material at their new MRF in Plano, Texas, Republic Services says they are taking a unique approach with the technology on the sorting line. The MRF serves more than 510,000 residents and 2,500 commercial customers throughout the Dallas–Fort Worth metro area, using equipment designed to specifically make intelligent sorting decisions with a high degree of flexibility. To achieve extremely high recovery of all mixed paper, resulting in clean and sellable output with minimal QC sorting, Republic uses equipment supplied by Van Dyk Recycling Solutions, along with the supplier’s Positive Sorting method. The method uses a combination of non-wrapping screens and optical sorters to intelligently separate and improve the quality of fibre recovered from the stream. Optical units shoot positively on paper at the front end by identifying its material characteristics and positively separating it from the stream. According to Van Dyk, traditional methods of removing contaminants from paper, based on size, shape and density, create too much collateral damage for today’s high purity standards. With a higher-purity fibre stream headed to quality control, Republic’s new plant will need fewer manual sorters to remove non-fibrous materials. In addition, to prepare material for positive sorting, in which optical units perform best when the material is properly pre-sorted and evenly spread on the belt, a non-wrapping ONP screen first separates paper from containers.

Republic’s new Plano MRF is using Van Dyk Recycling Solutions’ non-wrapping screens combined with TOMRA optical sorters for high purity of mixed paper output. Van Dyk says their non-wrapping screen has a very large shaft with specially shaped and spaced stars. Because of this design, it incurs virtually no film wrapping and continues to separate materials at peak ability for an entire shift at full capacity. The screen takes as little as 10 minutes to clean and because it has larger and fewer stars, the need for replacement parts is significantly reduced. This non-wrapping screen-to-optical setup gives Republic’s facility an unprecedented degree of flexibility, according to Van Dyk. With the ever-evolving ton, many facilities are constantly facing changes in their stream’s composition, which brings with it new challenges. Traditional screening approaches can struggle to adapt to a changing stream and will continue to produce degrading fibre quality and require high maintenance costs. But having multiple sensor optical sorting units on primary separation prepares a plant for future changes in incoming material. Plus, the optical units can be reprogrammed on the spot

to recognize and recover a different commodity, should the incoming stream undergo drastic changes. At Republic’s new Plano MRF, there are also four separate fibre storage bunkers to make OCC and three different grades of mixed paper that can be baled separately or blended. Van Dyk’s design in Plano also incorporates a mono-platform and secondlevel system access, which allows sorting personnel to safely access all QC lines on a central platform, without walking on the operating floor. Additionally, the system features an elliptical screen for film removal, another series of optical sorters to separate plastics, a system-wide dust collection network, and a glass cleanup system, proven to recover over 95 percent of clean glass via a specialized vibratory screen and density separator. Finally, a Bollegraaf HBC-120S baler is going to be used for fibre and OCC, and is capable of baling all commodities.

July/August 2019



an eye on



n June, RPN had the opportunity to visit Canada’s only turnkey MRF technology provider, Machinex, at the company’s headquarters in Plessisville, Quebec. The company is very busy, with multiple MRF design/installation and retrofit projects across Canada currently and through 2020 – which will mark Machinex’ 50th anniversary in manufacturing. Current focus for Machinex is largely on the continued development of the latest artificially intelligent robotic and optical sorting technology (see more

on the latest robotic technology in our upcoming September edition). In this article, we’ll focus on Machinex’ latest developments with the MACH Hyspec optical sorter, which has been updated for easier access, simplified maintenance and overall aesthetics. The MACH Hyspec optical sorter was originally introduced in 2012, with the latest generation unveiled to the industry at Waste Expo 2019. According to Jonathan Ménard, P. Eng., project director and Executive VP Sales and Strategic Positioning at Machinex, the first machines are scheduled for installation this summer. “Our new regeneration of the MACH

Machinex’ MACH Hyspec optical sorter at the Sani-Eco MRF in Granby, Quebec. 38 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

Machinex’ Karine Moreau, director of communications, and Jonathan Ménard, Eng., project director, on the factory floor with an optical sorter in production in Plessisville, Quebec. Hyspec optical sorter is an update of both ergonomics and aesthetics,” explains Ménard. “We significantly refreshed the aesthetics of the unit by harmonizing its design with our newly released SamurAI robot. We also did a customer survey about 18 months ago to confirm what users think about our MACH Hyspec.” He says comments about a need for improvements in access and maintenance were among the most recurrent comments made by customers. “The large majority of the comments/requests we received from customers have been featured within the new improved design and operation of our latest MACH Hyspec Optical Sorter. “With the overall increase in the use of optical sorting within new and existing facilities, these features will result in significant time savings per shift,” says Ménard. “For the same cleaning and maintenance tasks, we’re probably cutting about 50 percent of the time it takes. The optical sorter becomes more accessible, it’s safer and it’s more economic to operate.

“The payback of the revisited design is really between one and two years.” According to Ménard, the most exciting new technology that will take throughput capacities and material recovery and purity capabilities at MRFs to the next level will be the implementation of AI devices throughout the different equipment components of the sorting systems.

“The implementation of AI into our equipment portfolio enhances their performances while providing realtime material composition monitoring and valuable data for operators leading toward automatic adjustments of the key machinery for continuous maximized performance of the sorting facilities,” says Ménard. Stay tuned. RPN


MACH HYSPEC KEY MAINTENANCE FEATURES • A built-in platform allowing a standing working position (81inch height x 23-inch width). • A full-size access door into the ejection hood. • An internal guard rail system ensures the security of the worker when inside the machine, and an optional secondary splitter is positioned by a rail when the platform moves into place. • Both the lighting system and the ejection nozzles bar can be easily moved into an ideal position to facilitate cleaning and maintenance. • Outside the machine, an access ladder has been added to maintain the components accessible from the speed belt conveyor. • These units also include a mechanism to easily retract the air tunnel.

The Javelin™ Brand of Magnetic Separators are specifically engineered for your application to provide higher recovery rates at lower operating costs. JAVELIN™ EDDY CURRENT SEPARATORS We utilize the highest grade rare earth magnets to create the strongest and deepest field in the industry which produces the longest throw and assures higher recovery and purity rates. A Javelin™ Eddy Current Separator will add to your bottom line regardless of your volume.

JAVELIN™ MAGNETIC STAINLESS STEEL SEPARATOR A powerful magnetic separator that excels at collecting lightly magnetic stainless steel. This unit eliminates the need for manual picking of small pieces of stainless out of the waste stream.

SUSPENDED PERMANENT MAGNET SEPARATORS Our SMS magnets are selfcleaning permanent magnets designed for separation of ferrous metal from a variety of over-the-belt conveyor applications.

Industrial Magnetics, Inc. 260.447.4959 • July/August 2019



Shining a light on the impact of engine idling BY RON LEBLANC SR.


t’s no secret that vehicles in the waste and recycling sector operate under some of the toughest conditions, with equipment regularly idling for significant periods of time. This can be tough on a vehicle’s engine, resulting in increased engine wear, unplanned downtime and maintenance. To effectively protect against this and capture the benefits that enhanced reliability and fuel economy can offer, it’s important that waste and recycling fleets are aware of and address the hidden im-

pact that regular and prolonged engine idling can have.


Off-road vehicles typically spend a large proportion of their time idling. Equipment manufacturing giant Komatsu estimates that an average vehicle will spend 40 percent of its time idling when in service. However, given the environment that waste fleets operate in and their stop/start nature, it can be assumed that this figure may be higher for the waste and recycling industry. Engine idling has a detrimental impact on the rate of engine wear; one


hour of idling being equivalent to driving approximately 40 kilometres. This increases the risk of the oil temperature dropping below 100 degrees C due to reduced engine loading. In addition, the accumulation of water increases the risk of acid formation and fuel dilution as well as reducing oil’s viscosity. These factors can accelerate rates of engine wear and shorten oil drain intervals. When excessive fuel dilution occurs, the volatility of oil increases which can lead to increased amount of soot finding its way to the diesel particulate filter (DPF). Fuel economy is lost due to increased regeneration cycles to clean the DPF.


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Fleet owners and operators are increasingly noticing the considerable fuel consumption of vehicles that are idling and it can be a costly consequence. According to some estimates, as much as four litres of fuel is used each hour a vehicle is left idling. For this reason, for operators optimizing their fleet to enhance fuel efficiency, engine idling presents untapped potential for economic, financial and/or fuel gains.


Quality lubricants reduce the pumping and spinning losses of an engine, while also minimizing metal-to-metal contact between components. Lubricants protect the engine’s internal workings against wear, while also offering the ability to secure improvements in engine performance and fuel economy. Your choice of lubricant can have a considerable impact on the engine. Therefore, when considering a heavyduty engine oil, API CK-4 oils are optimal for collection fleets that idle regular-

ly. Providing protection against oxidation and aeration along with improved shear stability, these oils create a more robust and protective film at the bearings, where air can become entrained. To reduce the work rate of the engine, a lower viscosity oil should also be used. This is particularly beneficial for fleets operating in colder regions, as the oils enable easier cold starts and provide protection to vehicles that stop and start frequently. Acid build-up can also be prevented by selecting a heavy-

duty engine oil that can maintain its Base Number. Bringing together these essential properties, Petro-Canada’s DURON heavy-duty engine oil product line offers the ability to enhance the protection of vital engine components and prevent engine wear. It should also be noted that before selecting a lubricant, fleet owners and operators should always consult the original equipment manufacturer’s (OEM) recommendations as outlined in the owner’s manual.

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To shed light on the real and ongoing impact that engine idling has on waste fleet vehicles, operators should incorporate used oil analysis into their

maintenance schedule. This can bring to attention maintenance issues caused by extensive idling before they become too serious or expensive to repair. Used oil analysis is typically a threestep process, which involves taking a

representative sample from the equipment, sending the sample to a qualified used oil analysis lab and then interpreting/acting upon the recommendations of the results of the report. This is best performed at regular intervals to allow for trends to be established and for any anomalies to be quickly identified. In addition, carrying out a used oil analysis program can help waste fleet operators to adjust maintenance schedules in line with the findings of their report, preventing costly unplanned downtime. Engine idling can have a particularly significant impact on fleets operating in unique and tough conditions. Owners and operators should take time when selecting their engine oil, as a superior engine oil can offer enhanced performance and protection for vital engine components. Combined with ongoing monitoring, waste fleet operators can effectively reduce unplanned downtime while improving the reliability and performance of their fleet. Ron LeBlanc Sr. is a senior technical advisor at Petro-Canada Lubricants.

42 Recycling Product News July/August 2019



n May, Waste Management (WM) joined with more than 3,780 businesses, investors, governmental agencies, universities and faith groups in committing to climate action in support of the Paris Agreement (signed in 2016). As a signatory of the We Are Still In coalition, Waste Management has pledged to do its part to help offset greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and stem the causes of climate change. “Waste Management’s support of We Are Still In aligns with our values and vision for the future,” said Jim Fish, WM president and CEO. “We’ve set a high bar for ourselves: over the next 20 years, we intend for our waste solutions and services to result in an overall offset of GHG emissions four times greater than generated by our own operations.” Current initiatives the company is taking to reduce its carbon footprint include

producing renewable, low-carbon fuels from waste, increasing the use of renewable energy, and creating a near-zero-emissions collection fleet by investing in the cleanest natural-gas-fuelled trucks available. The company has also committed to expanding the productivity of recycling operations, with an emphasis on increasing the recycling of materials that provide the greatest GHG reduction benefit. In addition, WM will increasingly provide climate-related sustainability consulting services to customers who want to improve tracking, reduce their carbon footprints, and/or prepare for potential carbon capand-trade or carbon tax scenarios. In June, WM introduced its second Driver and Technician Training Center in Glendale, Arizona, complementing its first Center in Florida. The Arizona Training Center extends the company’s commitment to provid-

ing centralized training for drivers and technicians in the U.S. and Canada. As part of the onboarding process, drivers and technicians attend a twoweek immersive program, led by skilled WM trainers, designed to enhance their capabilities and ensure they are the most engaged, customer-centric and safest employees in the industry. The program builds on the foundation of WM’s Mission to Zero (M2Z) safety initiative. “Waste Management’s commitment to putting our people first is not just a catchphrase or slogan – we are focused on this as evidenced by our continued investment in the growth and development of our employees,” said WM’s Tamla Oates-Forney. At full capacity, Waste Management’s new facility in Arizona is expected to train and develop 2,500 drivers and 750 technicians per year.

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t bauma 2019 in April, Case unveiled the company’s new methane-powered wheel loader concept – Project TETRA. The new wheel loader concept is the first natural-gas-powered construction machine from Case Construction Equipment and is powered by a 6-cylinder natural gas engine from FPT Industrial’s NEF family. According to Case, this power unit, delivering power up to 230 hp and torque up to 1,184 Nm, has diesel-like performance, but with a smoother and quieter drive. It also offers reliability, durability and fuel savings up to 30 percent. The engine runs on compressed natural gas (CNG), ensuring 15 percent less CO2 and 99 percent less particulate matter compared to its diesel-based counterpart. The FTP NEF engine uses stoichiometric technology, which ensures the correct chemical balance between air and methane in every working condition, delivering clean combustion and low emissions. Such technology is enabled by FPT Industrial’s proprietary control strategy, specific piston design and multi-point injection. Optimized combustion improves engine efficiency, leading to running cost savings of 10 to 30 percent over diesel. The highly stable spark-ignited combustion system also reduces vibration and engine noise up to 5 dB in comparison with conventional diesel engines, representing a 50 percent reduction

44 Recycling Product News July/August 2019

in drive-by noise. Case’s new methane-powered wheel loader concept could benefit waste management companies and construction contractors as a competitive carbon footprint is becoming increasingly important in winning and retaining contracts. Plus, with the FPT Industrial natural gas engine, this concept wheel loader can operate in regulated urban or indoor environments without the need for expensive ventilation equipment.

LASTWORD Painting the right picture for recycling



he world needs more positive recycling stories. Article after article paints an inaccurate picture of our industry, often implying that recycling is pointless. Beyond the depressing side effect of being constantly inundated by negative news, what is the true cost of this type of media coverage and what can we do to protect our industry from it? The incomplete and inaccurate picture negative articles create is not simply a damper on our industry’s image – these stories fuel a larger narrative that influences the public and, in turn, pressures lawmakers to enact sweeping legislation to fix a “broken” recycling system. Negative news stories generally focus only on the collection side of the recycling cycle, because the average person believes putting an item in a blue box is “recycling.” If that item ends

up in a landfill or at the side of the road or in the ocean then they see it as a failure of the recycling industry. They don’t see the scope of material being managed effectively by recyclers every day. They don’t see recycling as part of the global manufacturing chain. They don’t think about recycling in the choices they make as consumers. As CARI staff and some of our members have witnessed during meetings, consultations, and facility tours, government officials are also influenced by mainstream media. Few policymakers have firsthand experience with or an acute understanding of the scrap industry, but they have the power to make decisions that affect our industry. If they have never visited a facility, they may not have a clear picture of just how sophisticated and innovative scrap recycling can be, or how the industry fits into the global commodities supply chain.

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We must emphasize to

the world that recycling is not a single action, and we must shift the focus to all the ways that recycling works.” Marie Binette

This is particularly problematic for recyclers when proposed legislation fails to acknowledge what is working well and simply paints all material collection streams as ineffective and needing improvement. A prime example of this is the draft battery regulations recently introduced in Ontario. As part of a larger set of proposed laws, the draft regulations propose stewardship requirements for producers supplying batteries in the province, including lead batteries. The regulations also propose additional recording, reporting, and registration requirements for haulers and processors


of spent lead batteries. Why is this significant? In the words of CARI President Tracy Shaw, “Put simply: lead batteries have the highest recycle rate of any consumer product.” The Canadian Battery Association lists the recycling rate of lead batteries in Ontario at 99.97 percent. This exceptionally high recycling rate demonstrates that lead batteries are not being landfilled, and that producers and recyclers have already developed a highly efficient, closed-loop system for these materials. Not only is this production stream not broken, it should be celebrated for being an innovative example of sustainable product design. Rather than improving on an already exemplary recovery rate, these proposed regulations would disrupt the material flow, add unnecessary costs, and lower the market value of materials – the cost for which will be passed on to consumers. Regulations like these are the reason we as an industry need to educate and advocate. CARI is always actively promoting the industry’s interests when legislation such as this comes up. Advocacy is a large part of our work, but there is also much to be done to improve our industry’s

image and gain public support. Leaders of recycling associations from around the world recently met at BIR and ISRI’s spring conventions. One of the main topics of discussion was how to combat negative recycling news, with association directors vowing to boost social media and press initiatives that share positive recycling stories. ISRI created the Twitter hashtag #RecyclingWorks to garner online attention for these stories. Lead batteries are just one of many recycling success stories and it is up to you as industry insiders to help take back the recycling narrative. As a member of the industry, you can take proactive steps by engaging with the press or social media, opening your facility up for public tours, and working with industry associations and publications to build positive stories together. This will help educate government officials and the general public about the differences between municipal collection programs and the complete recycling industry. We must emphasize to the world that recycling is not a single action, and we must shift the focus to all the ways that recycling works. Marie Binette is CARI’s communications manager.

Elv Select.................................. 25

Mack Trucks......................................... 2

Exodus..................................... 25

OverBuilt Inc......................................... 4

American Baler............................36

Gensco Equipment................... 22

Paradigm Software............................. 45

BM&M Screening Solutions........42

Global Sensor Systems Inc...... 40

PMR Inc.............................................. 29

Bunting Magnetics......................23

Harris Equipment...................... 13

Recycling Council of Alberta.............. 31


Industrial Magnetics, Inc.......... 39

R.M. Johnson..................................... 27

Continental Biomass Industries... 15

Industrial Netting...................... 40

Rotochopper Inc................................. 48


International Baler.................... 29

Sierra International Machinery............. 9

Compost Council of Canada.......44

Kensal Carbide........................... 7

Stellar Industries, Inc.......................... 41


Link-Belt Excavators.................. 3

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions.............. 17

CP Group.....................................35

Lefort North America LLC........ 21

Waste & Recycling Expo Canada....32-33

46 Recycling Product News July/August 2019








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