RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
THE FUTURE PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270
CANADA FIBERS AND MACHINEX PARTNERSHIP TO RESULT IN TWO OF THE MOST HIGH-TECH SINGLE-STREAM FACILITIES IN CANADA PAGE 20
RECYCLING CAR BUMPERS IN ALBERTA PAGE 26
KEEPING SCORE ON CONTAMINATION PAGE 34 January/February 2019
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Vermeer Corporation reserves the right to make changes in engineering, design and speciﬁcations; add improvements; or discontinue manufacturing at any time without notice or obligation. Equipment shown is for illustrative purposes only and may display optional accessories or components speciﬁc to their global region.Please contact your local Vermeer dealer for more information on machine speciﬁcations. Vermeer and the Vermeer logo are trademarks of Vermeer Manufacturing Company in the U.S. and/or other countries. © 2019 Vermeer Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
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CONTENTS JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019 | Volume 27, Number 1
FEATURES 20 COVER STORY 40 BUILDING SUSTAINABLE COLLABORATING FOR ROADS IN ONTARIO THE FUTURE Using recycled aggregates for
Machinex and Canada Fibers partnership to establish two of the most technologically advanced single-stream facilities in North America
45 LAST WORD LEED CHANGES A BOOST FOR C&D
roadbuilding is the way of the future – it’s time for many to catch up
Commentary from the CDRA
26 KEEPING PLASTIC CAR BUMPERS OUT OF THE LANDFILL Friendly Earth Environmental is
taking on a big task in Alberta
28 PUTTING RUBBER IN THE ROAD New process additive turns
end-of-life tires into a durable construction material for roads
34 KEEPING SCORE ON CONTAMINATION Compology’s CScore monitoring
system is a smart solution to solving container contamination
COMMODITY FOCUS: PAPER
GOOD AND BAD NEWS FOR RECOVERED FIBRE EXPORTERS
On the cover:
Stephen Miranda of Canada Fibers and Jonathan Ménard of Machinex at the Peel Integrated Waste Management facility. FOLLOW US
28 January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019 VOLUME 27, NUMBER 1 EDITOR Keith Barker email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlyn Till email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 330
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Lawrence Buser firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 310 ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110 ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 325 CIRCULATION email@example.com; 1-855-329-1909
PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer firstname.lastname@example.org VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong email@example.com FOUNDER Engelbert Baum Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906
12 UPFRONT 16 SPOTLIGHT 20 COVER STORY 26 AUTO & TIRE RECYCLING 34 HAULING & COLLECTION 38 COMMODITY FOCUS:
PAPER 40 C&D RECYCLING 42 SAFETY BRIEF 45 LAST WORD
8 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2019, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.
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FROM THE EDITOR
time to improve safety practices
We urge all
solid waste employees in the United States and Canada to review their safety procedures and operations, and commit to being safer in 2019.”
ccording to the most recent report from the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA), the solid waste and recycling industry is not getting better at safety. In fact, 2019 started with what the association called an “unprecedented uptick in fatalities.” According to SWANA, at least 17 fatal incidents occurred in the solid waste industry, in the U.S. and Canada, as of January 22. “The surge in fatal incidents involving solid waste personnel and vehicles in January is unprecedented in my 20plus years in the industry and is unacceptable,” said David Biderman, executive director and CEO of SWANA. “Regardless of who was at fault, each incident is tragic, and we urge all solid waste employers and employees in the United States and Canada to review their safety procedures and operations, and commit to being safer in 2019.” While solid waste collection vehicle related accidents are most prevalent in our industry, with higher yearly reported fatalities than firefighters and police (according to U.S. Bureau of Labor statistics) workers on the ground at scrapyards, MRFs and other recycling facilities, as well as transfer stations and composting sites, are also in very high-risk situations every day. Workers who sort materials from tipping floors, or pick material directly from conveyors, and who navigate the mazes of infrastructure and moving parts that make up recycling yards and facilities, work in dusty, noisy, hazardous environments. Not only are solid waste and recycling industry workers surrounded by
moving vehicles, material handlers and machines designed to crush, shred and compact, hazardous potential is literally everywhere. It is in the mixed waste and “homogenous” materials, including highly combustible fibres, that these workers handle, sort and then store for shipment. Serious hazards include needles and broken glass, explosives ranging from batteries to propane tanks, toxic chemicals and asbestos, to name a few. Results found in a 2018 report from the Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF), in collaboration with SWANA, indicate a needlestick injury rate at material recovery facilities of 2.7 per 100 workers. Needlestick injury is just one example of the hazards employees in the waste and recycling industry face everyday. According to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ 2016 data, MRF injuries (including nonneedlestick related) occur at a rate of 6 per 100 workers. It is time for everyone in our industry to pay much closer attention to safety, make better use of the resources available, and make improving our industry safety record a priority. For our part, starting this issue and planned for regular coverage through 2019, we are including a Safety Brief, with tips from the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI). These tips and more safety information and resources can be found online at CARI’s website and at the websites of major industry organizations such as SWANA, NWRA and ISRI, as well as provincial and state recycling association sites. Let’s all be safer in 2019. Keith Barker, Editor firstname.lastname@example.org 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305
CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES
10 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
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UPFRONT METAL SORTING
Range of TOMRA sorting technology featured in WENDT Technology Center TOMRA Sorting Recycling recently installed multiple sorting technologies in the new metal sorting plant at WENDT Corporation’s Buffalo, New York, Technology Center. According to Wendt, the new plant features the latest technologies and processes for cleaning, sorting and upgrading shredded nonferrous metals, such as zorba and zurik, and is open to customers who want to test their feed materials. At the heart of the sorting circuit in the plant is two Tomra sensor-based sorters – Combisense and X-Tract – for metals cleaning, mixed metals sorting, aluminum upgrading and quality control of various shredded aluminum feed material. Most recently, Wendt installed a separate line featuring the combination unit of Wendt/ Tomra Finder with new LOD (laser object detection). “Wendt introduced its new metal sorting plant at a critical juncture in the market, given the increased
purity standards for a number of scrap products and inability for scrap recyclers to sell material to China,” said Eric Thurston, TOMRA Sorting Recycling. “The plant output is high-quality, furnace-ready material, and it allows operations to test their material to ensure they are installing the right sorting technology to increase final product purity, maximize profit potential and minimize investment risk.” Tomra LOD technology, introduced in early 2018, mounts to the same platform as Finder to boost a circuit’s sorting capabilities without requiring additional floor space. Featuring laser technology, LOD identifies black objects attached to metal material detected by the Finder’s EM3 sensor, and allows black rubber, glass and plastic to be separated from zorba and zurik products, which enables these commodities to be turned into a cleaner, more valuable revenue stream.
Okada America and Rotar create alliance for demolition and scrap attachments
New CM turnkey whole tire-to-chip system deployed at Badger Materials Recycling
Okada America, Inc. and Rotar International BV entered into a joint alliance of their demolition attachment businesses in the North American marketplace, effective January 1. According to the companies, the joint alliance was created to offer customers more options in demolition, recycling and scrapyard attachments, and strengthen Okada and Rotar distributor networks in their ability to service existing and future customers. Okada will provide sales, service, parts and warranty support for Rotar products along with continuing to support existing Okada products in the field. Commenting on the joint alliance, Okada President Jim Brown stated: “We are very pleased to team up with Rotar International BV and to be adding Rotar products to complement our existing line of attachments. Rotar’s demolition, recycling, scrap handling and mobile shear products are field-proven for performance and reliability. And they are backed by Rotar’s years of quality manufacturing experience.”
CM Recycling Solutions recently commissioned a new turnkey CM whole tire-to-chip system to Badger Materials Recycling, in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. Badger and partners Wolf, MCC and Tri-County Paving recently received the 2018 Wisconsin Recycling Excellence Overall Program Award from the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) for excellence in recycling collection and processing, and for their ongoing efforts to provide clear education on recycling materials. Badger’s plan to stay ahead of those opportunities included aggressively developing and launching a new tire recycling program serving Wisconsin and the greater Milwaukee area in late 2018.
12 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
The flagship equipment of Badger Recycling’s new tire recycling program is centred around a new CM Dual Speed Chipping Shredder. Badger’s new stationary system is capable of processing passenger, truck, SUV and semi-truck down to a two-inch chip that is sold as tire-derived fuel and feedstock for crumb rubber production. Plus, according to CM, Badger’s shredder is equipped with a CM-patented Multi-Stack knife configuration, utilizing replaceable knife inserts made of through-hardened tool steel. These knives can be reground, repositioned and used a total of three times, meaning, on average, the CM Shredder knives will be able to process 320,000 PTE (Passenger Tire Equivalent) per use.
MORE INDUSTRY NEWS RecyclingProductNews.com
Greentec takes on LCD displays using advanced e-recycling technology
This patented feature also utilizes the closest knife-to-knife tolerances possible. This allows the system to produce very clean cut chips with the least exposed wire, which is exactly what Badger Materials Recycling says their fuel customers require. Michael Ettner, president of Badger Materials Recycling LLC said that one of the many contributing factors to purchasing the CM equipment was meeting and working with the CM team. “I found the management team
for Columbus McKinnon to be very helpful and experienced with assisting us with the startup and commissioning of the equipment. I would certainly recommend CM to someone who is serious about tire recycling. Our experience with CM has been an incredibly smooth venture.” In January, CM Recycling Equipment announced their acquisition by Bengal Machine, the parent company of Shutte-Buffalo Hammermill, LLC, based out of Buffalo, New York.
Greentec recently began using exclusive technology to safely handle LCD displays during the process of converting discarded electronics into new materials, making the Ontariobased e-waste recycling solutions provider among the most advanced of its kind in Canada. The technology, developed in Switzerland, is designed to safely process e-waste and recycle salvageable parts in an environmentally safe and responsible way. It does this by separating hazardous particles and extracting valuable materials for further processing. Greentec is now using this innovative technology to process lamps, LCD and laptop waste to remove hazardous materials, including mercury vapours and other heavy metals. The automated procedure ensures there is no human contact with hazardous materials. According to Tony Perrotta, president and CEO of Greentec, having the right recycling technology for proper end-of-life electronics management is critical to ensuring the health and safety of people and the environment. “Our state-of-the-art e-waste technology handles hazardous waste materials so people don’t have to,” said Perrotta. “We extract the maximum value of end-of-life electronics and then responsibly recycle the parts we can’t use. Minimizing the risk of exposure to toxins is critical for people, businesses and the environment.” The latest provincial regulations in Ontario require that mercury-added lamps be recycled, and the province’s Waste-Free Ontario Act includes new legislation to guide professionals in the industry toward recovering, reusing and reintegrating discarded materials back into production.
January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
UPFRONT MANUFACTURING MILESTONE
Ginove rolls out 150th ROTO PAC auger-driven collection truck Ginove, Inc., the Quebec-based refuse truck manufacturer, recently produced the 150th ROTO PAC automated sideloading waste and recycling truck. ROTO PAC is the world’s first auger-driven refuse truck, featuring high legal payload and a liquid-tight hopper, up to 40 inches high. According to Ginove, versatility is a key strength of ROTO PAC, with its ability to alternate collection between organics and MSW on separate route schedules. “Ginove’s team is really proud that the innovative technology of its products made here in Saint-Casimir, Quebec, is known all over the world,” said Christian Lapointe, CEO of Ginove. Don Ross, VP at New Way Trucks, Ginove’s distribution partner, commented: “We would like to congratulate Ginove,
manufacturer of the revolutionary ROTO PAC, on their 150th unit. New Way is proud to be a Ginove partner and the global distributor of the ROTO PAC.”
Newly formed Environmental 360 Solutions Inc. starting strong in waste management for 2019 In the Fall of 2018, Danny Ardellini, Almada Inc. and NHLlegend Paul Coffey launched Environmental 360 Solutions Inc. (E360S), a new environmental waste management company. Based out of Toronto, E360S has since acquired Can Pak Environmental Inc., a central Alberta–based family operated hauler and waste management firm serving residential, commercial and industrial properties. With operations in Red Deer, Medicine Hat, Beaumont, Drayton Valley, Edson, Edmonton and Calgary, E360S began 2019 with nearly 100
Left to right: Martin Goldfarb, Danny Ardellini, NHL legend Paul Coffey and Alon Ossip, the team behind E360S. employees, over 35 trucks, and two recycling facilities, servicing over 150,000 customers weekly. “We have the operational expertise, commitment and capitalization to build a significant player in the North American environmental waste management
14 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
industry,” said Danny Ardellini, president and CEO, Environmental 360 Solutions Inc. “We will be pursuing other acquisitions and organic growth opportunities to grow our business and become the trusted environmental management leader.”
China’s tightened ban on solid waste imports in effect as of December 31 According to Chinese news agency Xinhua, which cites a statement from four Chinese government agencies, as of December 31, 2018, 32 types of solid waste are banned from import into China. This is an expansion from the previous 24 categories listed on the ban. The newly added product categories include hardware, ships, auto parts, and waste and scrap materials, including stainless steel, titanium and wood. China’s import of solid waste was down through 2018 overall, as the government stepped up enforcement of their ban on solid waste imports through the year. The government has indicated that its plan includes stopping all solid waste imports by the end of 2019, except for those containing resources not substitutable.
MORE INDUSTRY NEWS RecyclingProductNews.com
MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS
Construction begun on North America’s largest organic WtoE facility
Waste Connections acquires ADS
Burlington, Ontariobased Anaergia is a key partner involved in the start of construction at the Rialto Bioenergy Facility (RBF), which began in December. The RBF, located about 50 miles east of LA, is expected to help address two pressing waste management issues in southern California: food waste diversion from landfills and biosolids management. Using Anaergia’s advanced anaerobic digestion technology to extract energy from organic material, the RBF will convert 700 tons per day of food waste and 300 tons per day of biosolids into renewable natural gas, renewable electricity and Class A organic fertilizer. When construction is completed in 2020, RBF is expected to be the largest food waste diversion and energy recovery facility in North America, and will provide the region with an efficient, local solution for the diversion of 300,000 tons of organic waste per year.
In December, Toronto-based Waste Connections, Inc. acquired American Disposal Services, Inc. (ADS) and certain affiliates, one of the largest privately owned solid waste collection and recycling businesses in the mid-Atlantic states. ADS has total annualized revenues of approximately $175 million and serves approximately 400,000 customers in Virginia, Maryland, Georgia and Colorado. “In addition to providing new market platforms for future growth opportunities in both Virginia and Georgia, this acquisition also enhances our market positioning in Denver, where American’s collection services will be tucked into our vertically integrated operations,” said Ronald J. Mittelstaedt, CEO and chairman of Waste Connections. “We are excited to welcome American into the Waste Connections family.”
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January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
SPOTLIGHT New Autosort Color designed for separating glass from MSW TOMRA Sorting Recycling has introduced the Autosort Color, a new machine designed to work in combination with the company’s Autosort Laser to separate glass from municipal solid waste (MSW). Even though it is common to collect glass waste separately, a significant amount of recoverable glass remains mixed with MSW from households and businesses. According to TOMRA, the new Autosort Color achieves purity rates greater than 95 percent at high throughput, even when input materials are wet, dusty or dirty. “We started with Autosort Laser for glass cleaning from the single stream plants. Now, many municipalities and recovery facilities can significantly improve the recovery of glass from household and business waste,” says Carlos Manchado Atienza, TOMRA Sorting Recycling regional director for the Americas. “Separating more glass from the waste stream is better for the environment and better for sorting businesses’ profitability, and with Autosort Color both of those benefits are now achievable.”
New in-ground textiles collection solution designed to prevent accidents and death
Metso expands NW Rapid crushing unit range Metso recently introduced new higher-capacity models to its popular wheel-mounted, easily transportable Metso NW Rapid series crushing plants. In addition to a bigger jaw crusher model, NW Rapid units are now available with a variety of robust cone crushers, including the first model with an MX crusher. NW Rapid series models are electricdriven, feature Metso’s IC Series crushing automation as a standard feature, and can be connected to the Metso Metrics remote monitoring service, which allows central monitoring of the entire crushing fleet’s production and energy consumption. The NW Rapid is ideal for aggregates and C&D recycling applications, and can be delivered in standard containers from the factory, as well as easily moved from one site to another using standard prime movers. Setup and dismantling can be done in 24 hours.
16 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
SUTERA Canada Inc. has developed a new textile collection solution specifically engineered to prevent accidents and deaths associated with the use of traditional clothing collection bins. The Sutera Textile Collection Solution unit is an in-ground container designed with a small access tube to prevent persons from entering the unit to scavenge for donated materials. The container has a pre-cast concrete and steel design that is safe, durable and cannot be broken into. The collection unit is easily installed, aesthetically appealing and a cost-effective solution to safely diverting textile materials away from disposal, while ensuring a safe experience for those donating clothing, the host service provider and the general public. “We were horrified to learn of the unfortunate deaths of persons trying to access materials in clothing collection bins across Canada,” said Steven Cseresnyesi, VP with SUTERA Canada. “Our Textile Collection Solution unit is a safe alternative to traditional clothing collection bins and we've ramped up production of these units for public, private and non-profit organizations.”
OUR LOOK AT THE LATEST NEW AND UPDATED EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY, PARTS AND SYSTEMS FOR RECYCLING AND WASTE MANAGEMENT
Peterbilt introduces first allelectric medium-duty model The 220EV has joined the Model 520EV and the Model 579EV in the Peterbilt electric vehicle lineup. In all, Peterbilt will have more than 30 electric vehicles in operation by the end of 2019, with customers representing the refuse, regional haul and city delivery applications. “Peterbilt has been at the forefront of truck electrification, and adding the medium-duty platform to our electric truck lineup was a natural evolution of our development plan,” said Peterbilt GM Jason Skoog. “We will now have trucks in the three applications where electric powertrains may have a return on investment for our customers.” The zero-emission 220EV is powered by two TransPower battery packs with a total of 148 kWh and a Meritor Blue Horizon two-speed-drive eAxle. It features a range of 100 miles and a recharge time of one hour when using a DC fast charging system, making it an ideal option for return-to-base operations.
Airflex 1500 wind sifter takes on plastics for composters
CP Anti-Wrap Screen™
Less Cleaning. Better Screening. MRF operators face big challenges. Disc screen wrapping doesn’t have to be one of them. Flex-packing and film tend to wrap around standard screen shafts. The CP Anti-Wrap Screen™ has high-agitation discs and extra-large rotor shafts to mitigate wrapping and reduce
Doppstadt recently introduced the Airflex 1500 wind sifter, a solution for sorting out plastic contamination in compost processing applications. This wind sifter minimizes losses of compost product by improving its quality. To achieve this, after compost undergoes initial rough screening at 15 mm, organic fines (<15 mm) can then be efficiently separated from remaining undesirable materials, including plastics, in the Airflex 1500. This occurs in two stages. In the first step, a powerful centrifugal fan separates heavy materials such as glass, stones and metals. In the second step, a suction fan pulls away unwanted plastic films etc., resulting in a highly pure compost end product.
jamming. Because it runs at peak performance for every shift, the result is higher quality paper and container streams.
Contact our experts for a quote or demonstration. www.cpgrp.com/antiwrapscreen firstname.lastname@example.org | 888-837-5065
January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
SPOTLIGHT New options for Cat 918M compact wheel loader Caterpillar now offers the 918M compact wheel loader with four new options ideal for applications in waste and recycling: high-lift loader linkage, Cat Fusion coupler, five-piece guarding package and three new tire options. The new high-lift loader linkage option is designed to provide increased lift height and increased reach of the loader linkage, and a newly designed loader arm assembly can provide up to 10 percent more lift height and reach compared with a standard loader linkage. The Caterpillar Fusion Coupler System uses an advanced constant pressure wedging mechanism to create a tight, rattlefree fit for compatible work tools. The patented locking system eliminates relative motion between the coupler and work tool, and thus eliminates wear that can result.
Refind Sorter provides flexibility in range of applications
Refind Technologies AB, an innovative manufacturer based out of Gothenburg, Sweden, has introduced the Refind Sorter, a new modular and flexible classification and sorting solution. This technology uses Refind Mind classification software and has the option to include a camera box and a sorting add-on. According to Refind, the new Refind Sorter is inspired by natural vision, but with the speed and reliability of a digital computer the Refind Sorter can identify and sort a vast and highly customizable range of objects and materials after being presented with samples. The technology uses modern artificial neural networks to recognize where items belong and can do this while collecting comprehensive statistics on the material stream and operations. The Refind Sorter is available in Canada and the U.S. and can be used for many different types of objects and applications. According to Refind, this sorter is especially suitable for e-waste as well as plastics and paper recycling, or to sort hazardous objects from a mixed stream of products or semi-shredded products.
18 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
Latest mobile DustBoss features Tier 4 Final gen-set BossTek has updated its family of self-powered dust suppression equipment with Tier 4 Final generators, ensuring compliance in the U.S. and Canada. BossTek made the announcement with the debut of the new DustBoss DB-60 Fusion, a field-proven suppression system driven by a reliable 25-hp electric motor and paired with a gen-set powered by a heavy-duty four-cycle indirect injection diesel engine. The generator features a dual-containment fuel cell, heavy gauge lockable enclosure and oversized brushless alternator for easy starting. Permanently mounted on a rugged trailer, BossTekâ€™s DustBoss Fusion lineup is designed to deliver versatile, mobile dust suppression technology to sites that lack a readily available power source. Units feature low-noise, and a multi-voltage switch with utility power outlet in all voltage modes. Plus, the digital engine/generator controller is equipped with single button stop/start, and an 80-gallon fuel capacity gives these units a run time of more than 24 hours at a prime rating of 45 kVa.
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Stephen Miranda of Canada Fibers and Jonathan MĂŠnard of Machinex at the Peel Integrated Waste Management Facility where the two companies are collaborating Recycling Productin News January/February 2019 on 20 a major retrofit 2019.
g for the future MACHINEX AND CANADA FIBERS PARTNERSHIP WILL USE HIGH-TECH OPTICAL SORTING ALONG WITH ROBOTICS TO BUILD TWO OF THE MOST TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED SINGLE-STREAM FACILITIES IN NORTH AMERICA BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
oronto-based Canada Fibers Ltd. (CFL) is building two singlestream recycling facilities in 2019 that will include the most advanced, high-tech fibre and plastics sorting and recovery systems in Canada. In Winnipeg, Manitoba, a completely new 30-tonnes-per-hour facility (approximately 80,000 square feet) is currently under construction and scheduled to open in the fall. In the Region of Peel, Ontario, the existing Peel Integrated Waste Management Facility MRF, owned by the Region, will be retrofitted for 31.5-tonnes-per-hour capacity, with the updated facility (approximately 85,000 square feet) scheduled to open in the first quarter of 2020. Canada Fibers’ design, build and startup partner for both plants, Quebec-based Machinex, is currently in the process of manufacturing nearly 100 percent of the new system components, including seven optical sorters and a SamurAI artificially intelligent robot that will be installed in Winnipeg, as well as 10 new optical units for Peel. In total, through both plants, there will also be two kilometres of conveyors and almost three quarters of a million pounds of steel structure on the ground by the time installation is finished. “We have a very long history with Canada Fibers,” says Jonathan Ménard, executive vice president of Sales and Strategic Positioning at Machinex. “We have worked with CFL for more than two decades through various pro-
jects and are delighted we could connect on these two projects knowing they fit nicely into our business development strategy and align with our continuous desire to implement new sorting technologies and techniques.” According to Stephen Miranda, Canada Fibers’ vice president, Material Sales and Operations, the Winnipeg facility and Peel retrofit will bring different successes to the company. “In Peel, the upgrade that the Region is investing in, and which CFL and Machinex are collaborating on, represents the faith that the Region has put in Canada Fibers’ experience and expertise in maintaining and operating material recovery facilities in the province of Ontario,” he says. “In Winnipeg, this will be CFL’s first MRF outside of Ontario and represents our growth path as we continue to look for good partners and exciting opportunities. This facility will also boast one of the first robotic sorters in the country. “Using more optical and robotic technologies, as we are in both facilities, aligns with the interests of Canada Fibers,” Miranda continues. “Specifically, as the dimensions of different fibre grades alter, so too must the approach of separating them from one another for maximum value.” Miranda says part of the reason Canada Fibers chose Machinex for the two projects, scheduled for startup so close together, is because they wanted a single partner that could deliver both plants, from design to manufacturing to startup in a quite aggressive timeframe without sacrificing quality. January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
As the dimensions of different fibre grades alter, so too must the approach of separating them from one another for maximum value.”
The geographical proximity of Machinex to these projects will also assure maximized flexibility and response time on all aspects of the projects’ phases.
TALE OF TWO FACILITIES
While Canada Fibers has very similar performance expectations for both facilities, and there will be many similarities, there will also be significant differences. “Both facilities will have complete emphasis on recovering products from single-stream recyclable materials to an unprecedented level, while yielding high purity in all of the recovered products,” explains Miranda. “In Winnipeg, however, we will have a little more operational flexibility to adjust to market demands, working in partnership with the City of Winnipeg, as they have also entrusted CFL with the responsibility of marketing all of their recyclable material. This will allow us to explore process changes that may ultimately yield higher revenues based on minor modifications to the recovered product.” One of the key similarities between the two plants is the use of what Jonathan Ménard calls a two-stage newspaper optical unit setup. He explains that the newspaper stream will be extracted and purified by Machinex’ latest optical sorting units, arranged in a cascade formation.
22 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
A rendering of Canada Fibers’ Machinex-built retrofit MRF planned to open in the Region of Peel, Ontario, by early 2020. “What this means is that either CFL can focus on what they want to keep, which is the newspaper, and positively eject material, or they can focus on the contamination any time they want in any configuration, negatively ejecting undesired materials,” says Ménard. From a design standpoint, there are definitely unique aspects to each project. “There were a set of parameters in Winnipeg which were different from Peel,” explains Ménard. “Winnipeg is a smaller facility being built from the ground up. It’s a single line, with 30-tonnes-per-hour capacity, using the widest equipment in Machinex’ product portfolio, but less units. For example, the OCC screen is a combined 4-deck OCC/scalping unit to maximize the use of the available space and to keep the operation as lean as possible. We also use optical units up to 3.2 metres wide (which are the widest units available on the market) and only one ballistic separator, a larger model with 10 paddles.” The Winnipeg facility will be able to process approximately 100,000
Using technology made more efficient by a high-speed, short wave infrared (SWIR) hyperspectral detection system, Machinex’ MACH Hyspec optical sorter is specifically designed to sort a wide range of material, such as fibre and plastics (including PET, HDPE, PVC’ LDPE’ PP and PS.) It also features carton container detection, wood product recognition, wood by grade (natural versus painted), colour recognition and metal detection. tonnes of material yearly and will also be equipped with a state-of-the-art education room, allowing a view of the system from an integrated platform and video feed. The Peel facility – with capacity up to approximately 115,000 tonnes of material yearly – is an upgrade or retrofit of a currently operating MRF. As such, it includes a major dismantling phase of redundant equipment, and the complete conversion to a near-100-percent Machinex system makes it extra exciting, according to Ménard. “It is clearly one of the most ambitious retrofit projects in our company history,” he says. “Peel will have one of the most hightech, advanced paper sorting systems in North America, including the 10 new optical sorters, with positive or negative ejection patterns on the newspaper and numerous other steps of fibre recovery,” continues Ménard. “There will also be a recovery optical unit at the end of the process to maximize the overall recovery of all types of recyclable products.”
THE SAMURAI ROBOTIC SORTER
As a key part of the Winnipeg system design, Machinex will implement its SamurAI robotic technology, using artificial intelligence (AI) developed in partnership with AMP Robotics. Featuring a unique four-articulation robot, the SamurAI robotic sorter employs AI technology to identify materials for accurate, positive product recovery or as a precise quality control function. The AI operates according to a predetermined order of task hierar-
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chy to maximize financial return while continually improving and learning from operating experience to assure maximum recognition efficiency. Compared to a human sorter, who achieves an average of 35 to 40 picks per minute, Machinex says the SamurAI manages to almost double this average by reaching 60 to 70 picks per minute. According to Ghislain Thivierge, specialist in robot cells integration at Machinex, a key standout feature of the SamurAI is the power of its gripping tool. “We pushed its development to obtain a very powerful suction tool that offers an excellent rate of success in gripping,” explains Thivierge. “The force of the suction lifts the containers while minimizing the movement of the surrounding material on the belt. The combination of this phenomenon and a success rate of 60 to 70 manipulations per minute give the equipment very satisfactory results. Our current experience shows us that the SamurAI performs very well in grabbing the most difficult containers like large HDPE that have irregular shapes.” “It’s another great example of how Canada Fibers wants to be ahead
24 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
of the curve,” adds Ménard. “They have a great interest in robotics. After consultation regarding the Winnipeg project, Machinex and Canada Fibers determined that the best way to get maximized results using the SamurAI technology would be on their HDPE QC line.”
FLEXIBILITY IN DESIGN FOR CHANGING MARKETS
According to Ménard, Canada Fibers definitely has a unique way of looking at MRF design. “Knowing that they have a unique way of operating a MRF, and they also have proven their ability to maximize their performance, it allows us as a plant builder to be more innovative. We know that through CFL’s experience they will be able to manage the innovation effectively. “Both companies share the value of how a MRF should be designed and how it should perform.” Miranda adds that CFL and Machinex spent many hours planning and discussing the design and process flow of both facilities. “One thing was always evident,” he says. “Someone would ask: ‘what happens if. . .’ so we spent a lot of time addressing these
A rendering of Canada Fibers’ new Machinex-built MRF planned to open in Winnipeg in the fall of 2019. kinds of questions. We have come up with designs that give both systems the flexibility to perform and maximize values of recovered products given current compositions, and adjust to new demands of domestic and international fibre end markets.” For Ménard, at both of the new facilities, designing in flexibility to adapt to changing market conditions was paramount. In Winnipeg, CFL was tasked to plan for numerous specific futureproofing options. “There’s space for it, it’s planned in the design, and we know where it’s going to fit,” says Ménard. “Any modernization will be focused to maintain or increase the general efficiency of the plant in terms of recyclable recovery or purity. We know which parts of the system are going to be upgraded. It’s how we design. We think about how the system can evolve.” Miranda notes that for many years CFL has embraced the increased de-
Machinex’ SamurAI robotic sorting technology will be used in Winnipeg to manage their HDPE line quality control. mands of recycling end markets. Their approach of implementing annual capital upgrades in its facilities has allowed the company to cope with changing material streams, and to process and effectively market fibre products both domestically and internationally, without disruption during times of market volatility. At their approximately 140,000-square-foot Toronto MRF, this has been proven. Since the facility opened in 2013, CFL has spent an additional 15 million dollars in upgrades, ensuring their recovery system remains just as efficient and on par with new, leading systems. “We have a new upgrade planned for this facility as well that will include three new opticals, and the exciting addition of three robots,” Miranda says. “This adds to the 13 optical units which are currently in the facility. “We continue to respond to the rapidly changing environment and material streams, ensuring the facilities we operate are at the cutting edge of technology,” Miranda continues. “This allows our customers to continue to look to our organization as an example of a responsible leader in the industry.” He adds that their two current projects are in line with this strategic approach to recovery. “We are very pleased to work with such partners as the Region of Peel and the City of Winnipeg, who also realize the necessity of keeping up with the demands of the recycling industry, and have entrusted CFL with the responsibility to advance their programs,” he says. “It has also been a pleasure working with Machinex on these projects as they have truly accepted and implemented Canada Fibers’ vision, while adding their own progressive concepts,” says Miranda. “It has been a very good, collaborative approach on the evolution of sorting technologies.” RPN January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
KEEPING PLASTIC CAR BUMPERS
OUT OF THE LANDFILL FRIENDLY EARTH ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS SUPPORT TO TAKE ON A BIG TASK
ased out of Calgary, Friendly Earth Environmental is a business that has been offering plastics recycling to customers across the city for decades. Recently, Friendly Earth began working with auto body shops throughout Alberta to recycle plastic car bumpers. “We want to encourage automotive shops to do the right thing and recycle, otherwise the bumpers are sent to landfill which is a huge waste of energy and resources,” said Friendly Earth owner Cameron Marriott. “We’re working to create more awareness amongst the public and shops that an environmental option exists.” Friendly Earth charges a small fee per bumper, equivalent to a couple cups of coffee, which covers the pickup and
Ground plastic car bumpers. 26 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
transportation of end-of-life bumpers. But according to Marriott, they need more support from automotive shops and the public if they are going to be successful. Johnny Kloeckes owns four Carstar locations in Edmonton and has participated in the program since mid-2018. His four stores recycle a total of about 160 bumpers per month. He does not get reimbursed for his expenses to recycle, but says he does it as part of being a responsible business owner. “We began recycling once we found out someone was actually recycling the bumpers,” said Kloeckes. “Plastic bumpers have always been a pain to get removed since most of the bumper rebuilders have gone out of business. Our only choice was to put the bumpers in the garbage and with the recent movement on recycling plastic and reducing its use, such as the plastic straw movement, we were very happy to see that Friendly Earth is taking the initiative to recycle these bumpers.” Friendly Earth consults with shops to separate the bumpers from their normal recycling and garbage collection and offers a pickup service for the bumpers. Those bumpers go back to the yard at Friendly Earth where they are shredded; the plastic is sold for a small amount back into the market to be made into new products. Friendly Earth started recycling bumpers in early 2018 when another
bumper recycling business in Edmonton had to shut its doors. “With the current market prices being very low for recycled content, recyclers need to build economies of scale in order to stay in business,” said Tammy Schwass, executive director of the Alberta Plastics Recycling Association. “Companies like Friendly Earth make a big difference in their work to divert plastics from the landfill, create local jobs and contribute to a successful environmental program in the City of Calgary.” “We see this as a collaborative approach,” added Annette Nielsen, operations manager at Friendly Earth Environmental. “We feel that the public can help by putting pressure on their insurance companies and autobody shops to ask for bumper recycling.” Kloeckes agrees with this collective approach. “Manufacturers and insurance companies need to take on some responsibility,” he said. “Today, everyone is pointing a finger at each other, and the cost and the responsibility lies in the lap of small businesses. It is very easy to work with Friendly Earth. They supply a storage bin and they come pick up on a regular basis. There is a cost, but we see it as doing our part to keep green. I hope others start thinking the same way. Maybe one day we can say we helped make a difference.”
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Putting rubber in the road NEW PROCESS ADDITIVE TURNS END-OF-LIFE TIRES INTO A MODERN CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL FOR DURABLE ROADS
ehicle tires of course belong on the road, but for the last two decades, they have also increasingly found their way into the road. VESTENAMER is a process aid manufactured by Evonik Industries, a specialty chemical company based in Germany. The product, designed for the rubber and construction sector, is now helping make it more costeffective to sustainably convert scrap tires into durable road material. The European highway network currently
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comprises nearly 75,000 km and is steadily expanding. Parallel to new construction, roads and bridges must be maintained in order to keep traffic, and associated economic growth, flowing. As an additional complexity, vehicle ownership per 1,000 residents has more than doubled within the European Union since 1975 and long-distance goods transported by truck has grown considerably. While truck shipments accounted for approximately 1,000 billion metric ton kilometres in 1990, they rose to about 1,750 billion metric ton kilometres in 2015, according to statistics from the EU Commission. These developments represent a major challenge for Europe’s infrastructure and are not dissimilar to those seen around the world.
INNOVATION FOR ROAD CONSTRUCTION
Road quality and durability are key concerns for public sectors around the world. According to Evonik, the clearly emerging demand for high-performance road construction materials to avoid
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VESTENAMER is Evonik’s process additive for the rubber industry, which makes it feasible to process rubber powder from scrap tires to generate asphalt with rubber content. ruts and cracks – and to save maintenance costs – is increasingly moving into public awareness. At the same time, raw material costs for asphalt, and specifically for asphalt modification compounds, have increased considerably, creating an additional obstacle to cost-effective road construction, and a need for alternative concepts. VESTENAMER was developed in the late 1970s as a processing aid for the rubber industry. Polyoctenamer, which
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is produced in Evonik’s Marl Chemical Park, resolves a number of challenges associated with compounding and processing rubber. It is used to this day because of its positive characteristics in the interaction with other rubbers. In addition to the tire market, the product plays a part in the manufacture of rubber items such as hoses, clutch linings, roller coatings and molded parts. VESTENAMER makes it feasible to process rubber powder from scrap tires
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TIRE RECYCLING to generate asphalt with rubber content. The recycled material is mixed into road construction bitumen or asphalt to improve the quality of the mixtures and to extend the service life of road surfaces – a sustainable and cost-effective approach to road construction. In the spring of 2013, the Colognebased Road and Transportation Research Association added rubbermodified bitumen and asphalt types to German regulations for road construction. Since road transportation authorities have long been looking for an improved and more durable material, the High Performance Polymers Business Line of Evonik began to conduct extensive research in this area about 10 years ago. Since then, according to Evonik, VESTENAMER has become a unifying element of choice in rubbermodified asphalt.
EXTENDED SERVICE LIFE, LESS NOISE
In North America, asphalt mixtures containing rubber have been used for decades. Long-term studies have demonstrated a significant improvement in road durability over traditional asphalt. “The market for elastomer-modified (rubber-containing) road surfaces has been growing in Europe over the past years as well,” says Frank Lindner, senior business manager for VESTENAMER. “The positive properties are obvious since the material significantly reduces cracking, ruts and potholes in the road surface, which in turn extends road service life.” Rubber powder is also frequently used in porous asphalt – also known as low-noise asphalt – that cuts down on traffic noise. According to Evonik, scientific studies have documented that using larger shares of rubber powder in road surfaces can result in a noise reduction of one to two decibels. This is highly significant considering that in terms of human perception, a reduction by three dB is comparable to cutting traffic volume in half.
FEWER CO2 EMISSIONS
When it comes to emissions generated when recycling tires for roads compared to incineration, a study by the Institute for Energy and Environmen-
30 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
tal Research in Heidelberg (ifeu) says that each metric ton of recycled rubber powder saves some 2.7 metric tons of carbon dioxide, which would otherwise be generated during the incineration process. Accordingly, recycled rubber powder use significantly decreases overall carbon footprint. The application of VESTENAMER is also a relatively clean method in many respects, according to Evonik. The emissions of volatile and semi-volatile compounds, including hydrocarbons and sulphur compounds, are much lower in road surfaces containing rubber than in conventional, polymer-modified asphalt types. Furthermore, Evonik says their process additive reduces the migration of organic compounds that are washed out by rain and reach the groundwater. As a study conducted by FABES Forschungs-GmbH on behalf of Evonik has documented, the use of VESTENAMER significantly reduces overall groundwater burden.
MAKING SENSIBLE AND EFFICIENT USE OF SCRAP TIRES
Every year, a waste volume of some 19.3 million metric tons of scrap tires is generated worldwide – including over 3.6 million metric tons in Europe alone. In Germany, only 20 years ago, over half of all scrap tires were incinerated to generate energy, while only every tenth scrap tire was processed into granulate. By
The market for elastomer-modified (rubber-containing) road surfaces is growing globally. now, the volume of the latter has caught up with energy-related processing. “Reusing recycled tires secures valuable resources,” says Thomas Engenhorst, sustainability strategy manager in the Resource Efficiency Segment of Evonik. “Tires are not classified as waste, but are considered a valuable material, which may not, for example, be disposed of in landfills. “Instead of incinerating the tires, they can now have another life stage in road traffic – not as part of an enginepowered vehicle, but in the form of an elastomer or rubber powder in the road surface,” he explains. As part of a test track in the German town of Paderborn, a local road, Detmolder Strasse, was resurfaced in 2012 in compliance with the objectives of the EU Waste Directive at the time. 50 percent of the new asphalt mixture consisted of milled material – asphalt granulate – made from the old road. The new mixture formulation also included rubber powder and VESTENAMER. For this road, for every 100 metres of track, some 80 scrap tires were combined with the recycled asphalt and turned into an elastomer-modified road surface.
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TY Double-Pattern Tread Designed To Solve Solid Tire Challenges
rom manufacturing to scrap metal and waste processing, mining and mill services, there are many situations where industrial solid tires are needed, and each location’s operating conditions are as unique as the activities that go on there. TY Cushion Solid Tire’s new and Improved double-pattern “DP” tire tread features a slick inner side that provides the shock reducing, smooth ride TY tires are known for, while the lug-side channels away surface debris for non-slip power and grip. This tire pattern is especially useful for bucket loading in waste transfer stations or for “working the pile” in scrapyards, in the harshest environments. It is
available for common tire sizes and fits OEM rims. According to TY, based on feedback from customers, this redesigned tire tread solves all the problems with traditional industrial tires and delivers unrivalled performance in muddy, wet or slippery conditions. Even on icy, oily or steep loading ramps, the DP’s dual benefit tread provides the best of both worlds – traction and smooth ride. “Every TY Cushion tire helps reduce spinning and skidding, but each tread pattern has several unique benefits,” explained Jesse Chuang, TY Solid Cushion Tire. “The better we can help you identify the suitable tires and compounds for your
32 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
industry-specific application, the lower your operating cost per hour will be.” These New “Double Pattern” tires can also be rotated, so users will get the maximum return from their investment. Much the same as with tires on a daily commuter vehicle, performing the suggested and proper tire rotations will help solid tires wear evenly, and protect machines against undue shock and stress. “The TY factory produces the TY Cushion Tire line exclusively so the company can adapt quickly to real-time feedback from the field and make improvements,” continued Chuang. “After listening to customer ratings regarding performance, TY USA,
together with the R&D team at the factory, performed a mini-redesign of the shape of our large loader size tires. This minor redesign of the XD tires immediately improved wear and durability ratings seen in the field.” The improved line of XD tires are now standard in the lug-tread “D” pattern, or with the new double-pattern “DP” tread, as well as a smooth “P” tire, in sizes of 17.5–25 inches and above.
HAULING & COLLECTION
Keeping score on contamination
Jason Gates, Compology founder and CEO.
COMPOLOGY’S IN-DUMPSTER CAMERAS AND CONTAMINATION SCORE PROVIDE THE PATH TO A SUSTAINABLE RECYCLING BUSINESS MODEL BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
ompology, based in San Francisco, got its start in the fall of 2013, with its first camera-based container monitoring system deployed in 2014 at the University of California in Santa Cruz. The system is designed to monitor container fullness and automate the process of container pickups between waste generators and haulers. Today, about a fifth of Compology’s business is in Canada, with the remainder in the U.S. “Our in-dumpster cameras bring a level of visibility that previously wasn’t available,” explains Jason Gates, Compology’s founder and CEO. “We’re tracking the location and we’re taking pictures of dumpster contents, which we then automatically process to determine fullness by volume and identify contaminants.”
C-SCORE – STANDARDIZING CONTAMINATION MEASUREMENT
With recent changes to the global economy and a shift in recycling markets over the last several years, Gates says Compology started to hear many customers talking about the pains they were
34 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
having with their recycling programs and how high levels of contamination in their containers were causing them to either increase the expense to process materials or be forced to send collections directly to landfills. CScore (Contamination Score), Compology’s latest add-on software module, is designed to help eliminate commercial container contamination. Compology dumpster cameras collect images of contents which are then analyzed using artificial intelligence (AI) to identify the number of pieces of contamination. A CScore is calculated (based on the number of pieces of contamination in a container, divided by the total volume of material) across any number of dumpsters or containers, over any time period. The closer the CScore is to zero, the cleaner the material. The CScore is then provided to stakeholders, along with actionable recommendations, historical images, as well as location and fullness data, through Compology’s web-based software (which can also connect to other software via their Application Program Interface (API)). “Since we’re able to remotely watch a container fill up over time, we can see the pieces of contamination all the way down at the bottom of the container,
in the middle and at the top,” explains Gates. “Then, we inform the client, for example, that there are five total pieces, or 12 total pieces, of contamination in that container. We’ve removed human error and bias from the process to provide a standardized way of measuring that the industry can rely on.” CScore’s application is targeted specifically at commercial front-load or rear-load dumpsters between one and eight cubic yards. Gates says it’s ideal for use by large waste management firms, in commercial recycling applications, for tracking containers used for commingled material, cardboard and organics. “It’s ideal for the companies who own the trucks and own the dumpsters, and is a tool to help reduce contamination,” says Gates. “Municipalities also benefit from CScore because they can track contamination rates in their cities over time and use that information to provide targeted coaching and to enforce policy to decrease contamination. The system provides a lot of visibility and accurate data as to what is actually happening in every equipped container.” Gates emphasizes that artificial intelligence has a big part to play in the Compology system. “All of the inner processing that we’re
HAULING & COLLECTION doing is powered by artificial intelligence that we’ve built. We’re taking images, just like you’d get from your cellphone, and using AI and machine learning to identify pieces of contamination in those images.” He says this applies across Compology system data collected as a whole. “Across all of the containers that we’re monitoring, across all of our customers, we pull that data together on the back end to help improve the abilities of our system,” he explains. “The more containers we’re monitoring, the more customers that use us, the better the product gets for everyone who uses our system.” He adds that they now have some sizeable clients who have been up and running on CScore for a period of time. “There’s one hauler that stands out to me, a relatively large customer. They have nearly 2,000 containers that they’re tracking with us using CScore. “In the first month of using our technology, they were able to reduce their amount of contamination by about 24 percent, and we expect that number to rise with targeted education and enforcement over time.”
EDUCATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Typically, reducing the amount of contamination in a given recycling stream with the CScore system can happen in a few different ways. “One is through highly targeted consistent outreach and coaching,” Gates explains. “Not only are we automating the identification of contamination, we’re automating the process for showing waste generators how not to contaminate. “It’s not a novel concept - other people have been doing this for years. We’re just automating it so it’s scalable, affordable and even more effective. “For example, we can show a sandwich shop business with hundreds of locations that 25 locations are consistently contaminating. We can then deliver messages through text or email with time-stamped pictures of the contamination as educational material to say, ‘here’s what you should change about your behaviour so that you’re not
36 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
Compology uses a camerabased, artificially intelligent container monitoring system to capture data on fullness and contamination. contaminating your container anymore.’ “It also greatly benefits haulers, recyclers and municipalities,” he continues. “The haulers are going to get a cleaner recycling stream, which in turn reduces costs for recyclers in sorting and separation of materials and helps municipalities measure against diversion goals.” Compology also provides actionable data for enforcement. “We have found that a lot of contracts contain the ability to bill customers for contamination,” he says. “So, rather than increasing rates across the board to subsidize the folks that are contaminating the most, CScore now allows haulers and regulators to bill those customers that are actually contaminating, for the actual amounts of contamination they are putting into the container.” He says by standardizing the measurement, it allows haulers and regulators to develop what they call a rubric. For instance, one count or less is forgiven, two to three counts is considered light contamination, which may have one billing rate, while four or more counts could have a billing rate that is higher. “Our clients are even starting to change the routes of trucks based on contamination levels,” he says. “If a container is too highly contaminated, our haulers can now take it off of a recycling route and put it onto a landfill garbage route. “Cameras in containers combined with CScore provides the ‘story of contamination’ by bringing consistent visibility and tracking through remote monitoring over an entire container fill-cycle.” He continues, “When conducting a waste audit, it’s no longer just about
manually opening the lid and seeing what material is sitting top, or requiring a driver to get out of the cab to look. It’s really about being able to remotely see and understand what is going on with a given waste generator, and their behaviour over time using a central database of daily and historical data.”
BUILDING A DATA-DRIVEN FUTURE
Until recently, international recycling markets such as China have been willing to take highly contaminated materials at a relatively low rate. “Our industry built business models with the assumption that those opportunities were going to last forever,” Gates says. “The reality now, with the Chinese recycling economy not accepting most recycled material from North America, is that the model has to change. I believe strongly that technology and artificial intelligence can be a tool to make a recycling model that is profitable and sustainable for a long time to come.” The ability to consistently and reliably collect data and make it actionable has become very important to this shift. Gates says while there are lots of different ways to collect data, Compology’s focus is on providing visibility and more importantly, making sure that Compology presents data in an easily digestible way that makes taking action easy. “I think there are many ways to collect data, and there are lots of different pieces of information you can look at,” he says. “But it’s really about taking that information and turning it into something that everyone can take action on – whether it’s changing a route, delivering a new piece of education or using it to inform the writing of a new policy.” RPN
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COMMODITY FOCUS: PAPER
Good and bad news for OCC and recovered paper exporters as 2019 gets rolling
BY KEN MCENTEE
Barring a major downturn in the U.S. economy, most traders are generally optimistic about a strong year ahead for OCC and other recovered paper grades.” Ken McEntee
he good news for recovered paper exporters as the calendar flipped to another new year was China’s issuance of almost six million short tons worth of import licenses in December. The first batch of permits issued by China’s Ministry of the Environment, covering about 5.5 million tons, was more than double the amount of recovered paper allowed by China’s first batch a year earlier. The bad news: it didn’t spur any sales, at least through the middle of January. According to one exporter in the Pacific Northwest, “There are licenses, but no activity. Exports, especially for OCC (old corrugated cardboard) are dead.” Meanwhile, coming off a holiday period that included two four-day weekends, OCC demand from North American mills was lackluster at best as 2019 began. Notably, International Paper, one of the largest OCC consumers in the U.S., curtailed its purchases in December, reportedly asking suppliers to divert even contract tonnage to other buyers. Some traders said trucking bottlenecks resulting from the off-days may have been the only thing preventing prices from falling. Through the first half of January, North American mill buying prices generally held at December levels for OCC and almost all other major grade categories. The Paper Stock Report’s first market price survey of January showed that the national average U.S. mill buying price for OCC sat at $100.83 per ton (FOB seller’s dock) down from $112.92 per ton a year earlier, with higher-range pricing reported between $105 and $120, depending on the region. Meanwhile, the lack of export orders in early January sent export prices plummeting. “OCC, DLK (double-lined kraft) and No. 9 (overissue) news are down $40 per ton since the end of the year,” one broker from the U.S. Northeast stated.
38 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
SHIFTING GLOBAL END MARKETS
According to statistics from the American Forest and Paper Association (domestic mill consumption) and the U.S. Bureau of the Census (exports), the use of U.S.-generated OCC through October 2018 was more than six percent higher than for the same period in 2017 – despite a five percent reduction in OCC exports to China. Domestic consumption was also up about three percent and exports were up by 26 percent. While traders fretted at the start of 2018 about China’s strict new quality standards and the country’s threat to eventually phase out recovered paper imports altogether, buyers in a handful of other Asian countries last year stepped in to make up for the diminished China market and then some. Through 2018, North American suppliers began to differentiate OCC shipments into ‘China-bound’ and ‘non-China’ loads. Exports to China consisted primarily of double-sorted OCC that satisfied the country’s 0.5 percent contaminant standard and sold at a substantially higher price than non-China-bound material. Overall, OCC exports to China through October 2018 totalled almost 4.9 million tons, a five percent decline from 5.1 million tons during the first 10 months of 2017. However, countries including India, Vietnam, Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia and Thailand significantly expanded OCC buying through October 2018, relative to October 2017. For example, India bought 1,640,703 tons YTD as of October, an increase of 89 percent over 2017 numbers, while Taiwan expanded its OCC buying by 212 percent to 488,674 tons.
BEYOND OCC – 2018 PRICES
Similar to OCC, exports of high grades – chemical de-inking grades including office paper and unprinted pulp substitute grades – were higher through October 2018 than during the same period in 2017. Those
grades, however, accounted for only about 11 percent of the overall export market, while OCC represented 59 percent. Exports of pulp subs were up by 49 percent, while de-inking grades were 11 percent ahead of their 2017 pace. In contrast, due to a heavy reduction in shipments to China, exports of mixed paper and groundwood – including old newspaper – were down by around 25 percent. In the U.S., despite the 11 percent reduction in OCC mill prices from the beginning to the end of 2018, strong pricing for sorted office paper (SOP), white ledger and other de-inking and pulp substitute grades brought the overall national average recovered paper mill buying price up seven percent – from $114.59 per ton at the beginning of the year to $122.77 per ton in December. This average represents the mean price of 16 recovered paper grades tracked by The Paper Stock Report, weighted by volume consumed in the market.
containerboard projects that are scheduled to come online, but the optimism is guarded. A downturn in the strong U.S. economy would curtail demand for packaging. And on the supply side of the equation, some traders are echoing the concerns of Wall Street analysts that the new containerboard machines will over-saturate the market, impacting product pricing and the financial
health of board mills. “We are expecting a strong year,” concluded another Chicago broker. “But we’re prepared in case things go the opposite way.” Ken McEntee is editor and publisher of The Paper Stock Report (paperstockreport. com), which covers markets, prices and news in the paper recycling industry.
LOOKING AHEAD IN 2019
Exporters generally anticipate pricing of OCC to turn back upward in February. “I am 99 percent sure that we’re going to see a big run-up in the price of No. 12 (double-sorted OCC) to China in February,” said one exporter out of Chicago. “I expect to see export prices in the $170s to as high as $200 (per ton) delivered to West Coast ports by the end of February.” That would represent an increase of about $55 per ton out of the San Francisco Bay area, compared to early January. Barring a major downturn in the U.S. economy, most traders are generally optimistic about a strong year ahead for OCC and other recovered paper grades. During the year, a number of new and converted containerboard machines will start up, spurring increased demand for OCC, and to a lesser degree mixed paper. “Right now we have a glut of material in the market from holiday packaging and the new capacity isn’t coming on just yet,” the Chicago broker said. “But when it does, there is going to be a lot of new demand. I’m telling my suppliers to sit on their OCC because export is going to be coming on soon – and increased domestic buying later.” Traders are generally optimistic about strong OCC markets driven by the new
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January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
building sustainable roads USING RECYCLED AGGREGATES FOR ROADBUILDING IS THE WAY OF THE FUTURE – IT’S TIME FOR MANY MUNICIPALITIES TO CATCH UP BY LEE TOOP, ASSOCIATE EDITOR
unicipalities are responsible for the care and maintenance of vast amounts of roadway, from alleys to highways. When those roads are repaired or replaced, there’s the potential to generate a significant amount of aggregate material – concrete and asphalt removed from the old surface that must be dealt with. Today’s roadbuilding contractors are using this recovered material and recycling it more than ever before. However, research is showing that some municipalities in Ontario are far better than others when it comes to using recycled aggregate in their roads – and some are far behind. A study conducted on behalf of the Toronto and Area Road Builders Association (TARBA) has shown that Ontario municipalities are all over the map with respect to how much recycled material they use for road construction, with some almost entirely eschewing recycled aggregate – a greener alternative compared to virgin material – for their projects. “There’s not a huge commitment to recycling aggregate; in fact, there’s a reticence to use the product,” explained Rob Bradford, executive director of TARBA. “I think it stems from a fear of trying something new, thinking that something might happen – sticking with virgin aggregate has less potential for risk.” According to a study by a researcher from the University of Western Ontario, the allowable use of recycled aggregate across the region ranges from significant amounts in some large areas like Toronto, down to nearly none in nearby Mississauga. Instead, according to Bradford, millions of tonnes of mate-
40 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
Recycling concrete and asphalt from roadways keeps the material out of landfills and is a green alternative to using virgin aggregates for new roads. rial is either sent to the landfill or into stockpiles. At the same time, those low rates of use mean that new aggregate must be trucked significant distances, burning fuel and generating greenhouse gases, while used aggregate ends up in the waste stream. Recycled aggregate means more sustainable infrastructure, overall, and Ontario municipalities should be doing a much better job – a much greener job – of recycling asphalt and concrete, Bradford noted. “They need to be a part of the solution, rather than part of the problem.”
FOCUS ON CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES
The UWO study looked at construction practices in five regional municipalities and 15 single or lower-tier municipalities across Ontario, conducting a survey regarding approved uses of recycled aggregate for use in a variety of situations. Results of the survey showed a broad range of standards in both road
construction and subdivision work. For example, the collected responses showed that some 50 percent of surveyed municipalities do not allow the use of recycled concrete and asphalt as 55 mm aggregate for granular base and subbase for pavement. 40 percent allow partial use and 10 percent allow for full use. The municipalities are even more restrictive when it comes to 19 mm aggregate for granular pavement, with 55 percent not allowing recycled material, 35 percent okay with partial use and 10 percent allowing full use. Ready-mix concrete is the most restrictive use for these municipalities, with 80 percent not allowing recycled aggregate use and 20 percent allowing partial use. On the other side, 50 percent of municipalities are okay with recycled aggregate being used for engineered fill, and 90 percent allow partial or full use for construction access roads, bicycle paths and similar construction. Among individual cities, Toronto –
C&D RECYCLING the highest scoring municipality in the survey – allows recycled material for use in everything but engineered fill, stabilization of soft subgrades, Portland cement ready-mix, and in concrete for sidewalks, curbs and other uses within subdivisions. Some other uses are restricted, but for the most part full use is allowed. “I’m really pleased to see that,” Bradford said. “Sometimes there’s an intent to do what’s right, but it doesn’t get down to the foot soldiers. If we have an issue in the city of Toronto, where virgin aggregate has been called for in a tender that should have some recycled material, we’ll give them a call, and they address it.” On the opposite end of the spectrum is Mississauga, which allows full use of recycled aggregate only for construction access roads, bicycle paths and similar features. No recycled product is allowed for any other road construction projects.
PERCEPTION AND POLICY
Bradford suggested that much of the disapproval of recycled materials in municipal policy may come from lingering concerns about quality – something that has improved greatly with the growth of the aggregates recycling industry. “You have to ensure the quality of recycled aggregate – it has to be an engineered quality, it has to be properly processed and tested. Like any material, going back 10 or 15 years there are probably a couple of things that have stuck in peoples’ minds from when it was used in the infancy of the industry where it didn’t work out because quality control wasn’t what it should have been,” Bradford said. “If you’re a consultant working for a municipality, or you’re an engineer in charge of the roads department, that kind of decision is a risk – so, you play it safe and just specify virgin aggregate.” This trend of specifying new material creates many issues for contractors who have to manage the aggregate removed from jobsites, Bradford noted. “The owner just writes off ownership in the contract, so the contractor has to find a place to get rid of
anything that comes off that project. Now, if they produce recycled aggregate themselves, they will take it to their yard and pile it up. If they don’t, they have to find someone who does produce it. . . or dispose of it in the landfill,” he said. “The point we’re reaching now is. . . there’s so much of the stuff, they will have to start charging to take it in, and second they’re going to have to turn people away.”
TARBA is encouraging municipalities to find ways of using more recycled asphalt in their construction work. One example Bradford pointed to is the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, which currently uses 20 percent recycled materials in its highway construction. “They’ve been very forthcoming about their commitment to reusing recycled aggregate. . . they’re using tens of millions of tons a year. If you can put this material under highways that carry the amount of traffic that ours carry, then surely there’s an argument for using it under a municipal street,” Bradford said. Only about seven percent of the aggregates used in Ontario currently come from recycled sources, as opposed to European countries which use up to 20 percent recycled product, Bradford noted. That’s a goal he said TARBA would like to see municipalities aim for. “We are encouraging municipalities to use the Ministry of Transportation model. If municipalities have the same attitude and the same practices as the MTO, we as a province would be recycling close to the levels that we should be, and which are supportable from a technical standpoint,” Bradford said. “There are Ontario provincial standards that look into the science behind this – what percentage of recycled aggregate you can use as a base course, or as a surface course, or on a bicycle trail. This has all been well figured out. We want municipalities to recycle the maximum allowable under the provincial specifications.” RPN
42 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
SAFETY BRIEF THE IMPORTANCE OF WEARING PPE Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is used in all industries to reduce the risk of a workplace injury. It includes safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE). You must choose the equipment carefully, and ensure employees are trained to use it properly and know how to detect and report any faults. When selecting and using PPE: • Choose equipment that suits the user – consider the size, fit and weight of the PPE. If the users help choose it, they will be more likely to use it; • If more than one item of PPE is worn at the same time, make sure they can be used together – for example – wearing safety glasses may disturb the seal of a respirator, causing air leaks; • Instruct and train staff how to use PPE – for example – train people to remove gloves without contaminating their skin; • Explain why PPE is needed, when to use it and what its limitations are; • Never allow exemptions from wearing PPE for those jobs that ‘only take a few minutes’; • Check with your supplier on what PPE is most appropriate for the particular job at hand. This Safety Brief is courtesy of the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI), based out of Ottawa.
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LASTWORD LEED changes a boost for C&D ADVOCACY EFFORTS BY THE CONSTRUCTION & DEMOLITION RECYCLING ASSOCIATION ARE HELPING RECYCLERS REMAIN PROFITABLE
C BY TROY LAUTENBACH
onstruction and demolition (C&D) materials are hefty. It is why we can so effectively build roads, bridges and buildings out of them. It’s also why, by weight, they are the most significant material in the North American waste stream. This creates a challenge for recycling, as it’s usually too expensive, in
terms of ROI, to ship most recovered C&D end products, including wood, concrete, drywall, asphalt, and asphalt shingles. Due to the economic challenges already inherent in shipping C&D materials, China’s recent actions to limit imports of recyclables has not hit the C&D industry as hard as it has curbside recycling. Card-
board and plastics that C&D recyclers handle have been affected, but that is a relatively small part of the C&D material stream. However, this doesn’t mean C&D recyclers don’t have end market issues. Markets for wood and metals in particular face challenges due to the unique market conditions that surround them. The C&D
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January/February 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
In large part due to CDRA advocacy, LEEDv4.1 has lifted the requirement that source separation occur at the jobsite in order to receive recycling credits. . .” Troy Lautenbach
Recycling Association (CDRA) is working continuously on developing those markets and on advocating to make sure the regulations and realities of the C&D industry remain conducive to profitability.
REVISED LEED AN IMPROVEMENT FOR C&D RECYCLERS
Recently, the US Green Building Council released LEED version 4.1, revising a number of credits in the international green building program, including recycling credits. The previous version, LEEDv4, required contractors to sort waste on site into different boxes. In many instances, especially in urban areas, there was no room for multiple dumpsters at the site. We are pleased to report that, in large part due to CDRA advocacy, LEEDv4.1 has lifted the requirement that source separation occur at the jobsite in order to receive recycling credits in the U.S. As an alternative to onsite separation, materials can now also be taken to a Recycling Certification Institute certified centre that processes multiple end product material streams. While the offsite option is now available, source separation can still occur at
the jobsite, as long as there is proof that at least three material streams are coming off the site. With the latest addition to the LEED recycling credits, a facility certified by the Recycling Certification Institute, which can prove it has three or four material streams coming out of it, will be able to earn the recycling points. The C&D Recycling Association was instrumental in getting this reasonable and industry-benefitting change made in LEED regulations. This is just one of our many recent activities, an example of the advocacy we provide on behalf of the industry, in Canada and the U.S., to benefit businesses and promote the profitable recovery of construction and demolition materials. The best way to learn about the latest developments in C&D is to attend C&D World 2019, taking place March 9 through 12 in Brooklyn, New York. Visit cdrecycling.org for more information. I hope to see you there. Besides serving as President of the C&D Recycling Association, Troy Lautenbach is President of Lautenbach Recycling in Mt. Vernon, Washington, USA.
Correction Notice: In the Nov/Dec 2018 edition of Recycling Product News, in our article “Advancing the home-grown solution,” CARI Chair Matt Zubick’s grandfather is referred to as having served in the U.S. Navy, when he in fact served with the Canadian Navy. In the same story, in the caption for the image included on page 58, Peter Racco (shown) is mistakenly listed as Aaron Posner.
PMR Inc....................................... 45
Frontline Machinery............................ 5
R.M. Johnson.............................. 27
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BM&M Screening Solutions......25
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Bunting Magnetics Co...............23
Kensal Carbide................................... 4
Sierra International Machinery..... 48
KOBELCO Construction Machinery....9
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Van Dyk Recycling Solutions...... 15
National Heavy Equipment Show..... 44
OverBuilt Inc..................................... 31
46 Recycling Product News January/February 2019
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