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RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS

ZERO WASTE COMPOSTING PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270

ENGLOBE’S QUEBEC OPERATIONS EMPLOYING DENSITY SEPARATION TO CAPTURE EVERY BIT OF THE VALUE IN ORGANICS PAGE 20

CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 IN REVIEW PAGE 30

COMBATTING CURBSIDE COLLECTION HAZARDS PAGE 38 April 2020

SCRAP

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WASTE

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C&D

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ORGANICS

recyclingproductnews.com


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CONTENTS APRIL 2020 | Volume 28, Number 3

FEATURES 20 COVER STORY ZERO WASTE COMPOSTING

Density separation among strategies used by Englobe in efforts to reach ultimate end goal

40 GROUNDBREAKING 46 LAST WORD GLASS RECYCLING FOR THE LOVE OF THE EARTH EFFORT IN AUSTRALIA

Ammann plant part of innovative process feeding recycled glass into asphalt production

By Susan Antler: In rocky times, the value of composting may finally get the recognition it’s due

26 VALUE IN PARTNERSHIPS Leaning on dealer and

manufacturer expertise is part of a successful business strategy

30 CONEXPO-CON/AGG REVIEW MORBARK INTRODUCES X-SERIES WOOD HOGS

32 FOCUS ON CRUSHING PLANTS 36 PURPOSE-BUILT FOR GROWTH

A switch to Sennebogen material handlers started Allied Salvage metals down the path to efficiency and growth in scrap recycling

20

cover story

38 DOORSTEP RECYCLING

Time to combat curbside collection hazards

On the cover: Dominic Grégoire, site technician at Englobe’s Bury facility near Sherbrooke, Quebec, checking the compost pile for quality. FOLLOW US @recyclingpn

30 April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

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CONTENTS

RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS

APRIL 2020 VOLUME 28, NUMBER 3

EDITOR Keith Barker kbarker@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop ltoop@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlyn Till ktill@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 330

12

ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili sam@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110 ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour dgilmour@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 MARKETING & BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER Arnie Gess agess@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 115 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson production@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto morena@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 325 CIRCULATION baumpublications@circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer ksinger@baumpub.com VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong mdatechong@baumpub.com FOUNDER Engelbert Baum

16 DEPARTMENTS 12 UPFRONT 16 SPOTLIGHT

34

20 COVER STORY 26 ORGANICS RECYCLING 30 CONEXPO–CON/AGG 2020 REVIEW 36 SCRAP RECYCLING 38 HAULING & COLLECTION 40 GLASS RECYCLING

38 8 Recycling Product News April 2020

43 INDUSTRY RESOURCES

44 46

WEB HIGHLIGHTS LAST WORD

Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906 Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in ­Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e­ xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2020, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.


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FROM THE EDITOR

reacting, rethinking, recycling

T

WITHIN ALL OF THIS UNCERTAINTY, THERE IS AN OPPORTUNITY IN RECYCLING FOR EVOLVING TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIVE METHODS TO FILL

IN THE GAPS OF A READJUSTED REALITY.

he pace with which we are receiving news, updates and information pertaining to the affects of the Novel Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is truly mind boggling. Now that it’s been about a month since the reality of the situation we currently face truly sunk in – let’s call it somewhere around March 11 – the recycling and waste management industry can look back at a relatively quick reaction to the crisis. The first task was to make sure our industry was among those considered to be essential services. Ontario, Quebec and Alberta have led the way on this designation, which was in place well before the end of March, and other provinces have followed for the most part. We’ve also seen a quick response with respect to regulatory and tax relief from various levels of government, and our industry associations have been working very hard to advocate for all of the above and keep us all informed. However long this crisis goes, our industry cannot stop. While the flow of C&D and IC&I waste, including food waste materials from restaurants, has decreased significantly, material from residential streams has seen increases. This means that many in our industry, mainly drivers and collection workers and those still at recycling facilities, transfer stations and landfills, are required on the front line. Companies and workers in e-waste recycling and refurbishing are one example of a sector that has seen a particularly significant role emerge during the current crisis. We continue to need the precious and rare metals in electronics. More importantly, the market for refurbished IT equipment has been energized significantly, in large part due to the burgeoning work- and learn-at-home trend which has resulted from social distancing practices in place across Canada and around the world. Concerns related to the pandemic are widespread, varied and complicated. There is anxiety

over the economic impacts of shutdowns, strained geopolitical relations and issues at borders for international import/export markets. There are decreased services from all sectors and decreased available resources and programs. For recyclers, particular challenges include how to deal with changing incoming waste streams (PPE waste), and worker safety in an already very dangerous, dusty, noisy, crowded and hazardous environment. How do we practice social distancing and safe material handling at a MRF and still maintain productivity? There are also distinct challenges with respect to insurance for recyclers during this time, and our industry will likely see a rise in complaints from neighbours with respect to odour, air quality and noise, as so many more people spend time at home. So far, industry reports indicate a fairly small effect on the waste and recycling industry overall, relative to many other industries. Collection and waste management has not been affected greatly. Trucks continue to pick up waste and recyclables at the curb in most jurisdictions. In the end, this pandemic will likely be hardest for smaller-scale recyclers and composters. Our smaller industry associations, at the provincial and state level, and other non-profits which contribute greatly to the advance of waste recovery are also particularly vulnerable. But we can still pull positives out of any situation. Within all of this uncertainty, there is an opportunity in recycling for evolving technology and innovative methods to fill in the gaps of a readjusted reality. Here at Recycling Product News, we’re going to focus on keeping our readers and online visitors up to date on this front and with all the news of our industry. Send comments and stories about how your recycling business is dealing with the current situation to the Editor, any time. Thanks to those on the front line, and stay healthy out there.

Keith Barker, Editor kbarker@baumpub.com 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305

CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES

10 Recycling Product News April 2020

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UPFRONT //

For all the latest industry news, visit recyclingproductnews.com or subscribe to our weekly eNewsletter at recyclingproductnews.com/newsletter-info

PLASTICS RECYCLING

STADLER AUTOMATED SORTING PLANT ONLINE FOR DANISH RECYCLER STADLER recently completed commissioning of a new beverage packaging sorting plant, designed and built for Dansk Retursystem in Taastrup, Denmark. Full handover is scheduled for this spring, at the end of a final one-month trial period. The inauguration ceremony of the plant, held on March 10, was hosted by Dansk Retursystem CEO Lars Krejberg Petersen and attended by guests of honour Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark and Lea Wermelin, Danish Minister of the Environment. The plant will process the PET bottles and aluminium cans collected throughout the country via return system, producing bales of PET bottles and aluminium cans for recycling. With a capacity of 110 cubic metres per hour, the plant is expected to process approximately 55 percent of the country’s recycled cans and PET bottles for a total of more than 25,000 tonnes of material yearly (when operating 16 hours/ day on two shifts, for 300 days per year.) Dansk Retursystem is a non-profit company owned by Danish breweries and regulated by statutory order under the Danish Environmental Protection Act. Founded in 2000, it operates the country’s deposit and return system for beverage bottles and cans. Efficient and precise sorting of collected bottles and cans is crucial to the success of Dansk Retursystem’s operation, so the company opted for a Europe-wide tender process to

select the supplier for its new plant. Once the bid was won, STADLER designed the plant and started assembly in November 2019. Magnetic separation is used to sort aluminium cans, ejecting any ferrous materials, and Near Infrared (NIR) technology is used for PET bottles. The process also removes loose labels. At the end of the line, balers compact the aluminium cans on one output line and PET bottles on the other. “This is a fully automated sorting plant with a high throughput,” explained Armin Winand, one of the project managers. “We addressed this with extra-large intermediate bunkers with a capacity up to 240 cubic metres at various stages of the process and a similarly oversized bunker conveyor 20 metres long, 4 metres wide

and 4 metres high. This is the biggest STADLER has ever designed and built. At the end of the process, the aluminium and PET bales are transported automatically into the storage area.” “The plant also stands out for its extreme flexibility, which allows the customer to select different operating modes according to requirements,” added Urban Konzic of STADLER’s sales team. “Also, management of the unloading of incoming materials is automated, indicating to delivery truck drivers in which of five bunkers they should unload.” The project presented particular challenges due to the high level of automatization and flexibility of the plant, which required STADLER’s ingenuity to develop a tailored solution.

NEWS BRIEFS US Composting Council launches corporate composting leadership group Companies leading the U.S. in seeking successful composting of their products, packaging and food scraps have been invited to become a part of the US Composting Council’s new Corporate Compost Leadership Council, a body that will engage, support and help move forward a suite of resources and strategies to grow composting capacity in the U.S.

12 Recycling Product News April 2020

Genesis appoints new Canadian regional manager Brian Bisson has joined the Genesis Attachments sales team as Canadian regional manager. Covering all of Canada, Brian will provide attachments, parts and service sales and application support to the demolition, scrap and material handling industries. He will also manage Genesis’ dealer presence and activities across the country. Residing in Ottawa, Brian brings to Genesis 17 years of experience working for a heavy equipment dealer.


CONNECT WITH US

C&D RECYCLING

25TH ANNUAL C&D WORLD INCLUDES RECORD-BREAKING CDRA FUNDRAISER

During the 25th annual meeting of the Construction & Demolition Recycling Association (CDRA), C&D World 2020, which took place during CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020, in Las Vegas, March 10–13, the group held their annual fundraising event to support C&D industry research and advocacy efforts. The annual fundraising event broke all previous records, with a total of more than $50,000 raised. “Over the 25-year history of the CDRA the group has been committed to building resources for our members, to market development and to educating regulators and legislators about the recycling of construction materials and demolition debris” said William Turley, CDRA executive director. “The CDRA has directly funded, or helped to facilitate, nearly $1 million in research and advocacy to understand and support C&D recycling and market development. Our annual fundraising event is essential to maintaining our ability to make these long-term investments in the industry. Through the overwhelming generosity of our members, we were able to raise an additional $56,000 just this week,” Turley said. The CDRA has funded research on a wide range of subjects that include concrete recycling, shingle recycling, C&D fines characteristics and the environmental benefits and economic impact of C&D recycling.

BAN/e-Stewards standard for batteries relaxed temporarily to enable recyclers BAN/e-Stewards has temporarily relaxed standards for batteries needed for refurbished electronics in light of the coronavirus outbreak. BAN/e-Stewards’ Jim Puckett said, “There is a rapidly growing demand for work-at-home second-hand equipment. e-Stewards refurbishers can play a major role in filling this increasing need.” He says their standard’s normal restraints, designed to prevent off-shoring of weak batteries, will be relaxed for four months to help e-stewards meet surging demand for batteries used in refurbished electronics.

COVID-19 NEWS

CANADIAN GOVERNMENT ISSUES COMPREHENSIVE GUIDANCE ON ESSENTIAL SERVICES At the start of April, Bill Blair, the Canadian Federal Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, issued Guidance on Essential Services and Functions in Canada During the COVID-19 Pandemic. While not a directive, the list offers assistance in determining which services and operations are essential to provinces, territories, indigenous communities and municipalities in the context of current challenges. According to a statement from the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI), “We are pleased to see that recyclers are included under the manufacturing sector as businesses that ‘ensure global continuity of supply of mining and mineral materials and products, and that support supply chains in Canada.’ “While CARI and its members are grateful for this acknowledgement, our chief concern is for the health and safety of our employees, families and the Canadian public during this crisis. Please continue to follow the guidelines of our public health authorities and take all possible measures to ensure the health and safety of your staff.” CARI has issued regular updates to the recycling industry since March. On April 1, the Federal Government released additional information (parliamentary vote pending) about the proposed Canada Employment Wage Subsidy. The subsidy would be open to all taxable corporations that have seen a significant drop in gross revenue since March 15, and the benefit for each employee would be 75 percent of their pre-crisis weekly remuneration, up to a maximum of $847/week.

April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

13


UPFRONT MRF NEWS

REPUBLIC MRF IN PHOENIX UPGRADES SCREENS AND OPTICAL SORTERS With a goal to achieve a 40 percent waste diversion rate by the end of 2020, and become a zero-waste city by 2050, the City of Phoenix has retrofitted its North Gateway MRF to increase the recovery rate of valuable, quality recyclable materials and create a more efficient sorting system. The North Gateway MRF, operated by Republic Services, had been having specific production problems with its ONP screens which were prone to getting wrapped with stringy materials such as plastic film bags. The city and Republic have now replaced three of their old-styled ONP screens with two newer

Non-Wrapping LUBO ONP screens, have replaced a polishing screen with an elliptical, and have added two new, extra-wide optical sorting systems from TOMRA, all

equipment provided by Van Dyk Recycling Solutions. The non-wrapping screens have specially designed stars and shafts that do not allow problematic materials to become wrapped. The new optical sorters will be used to detect and positively eject the good SOP and mixed paper fraction out of the stream. In all, system improvements have enabled a processing of more material with fewer hand-sorters, improving recovery of both fibre and containers, resulting in throughput increased from 18–20 tons/ hour to 28–30 tons/hour and reduced operating hours.

DEALER UPDATE

ALLU GROUP ANNOUNCES ECA CANADA AS NEW FULL-LINE DEALER FOR ONTARIO ALLU Group has announced ECA Canada Company, based in Toronto, as its newest dealer for the full line of ALLU Transformer material processing attachments. ECA Canada will provide sales and rental of ALLU’s unique screener crusher buckets and soil stabilizing equipment for its customers in Ontario, and complete aftermarket service and spare parts. According to ALLU Group president Edgar J. Chavez, “ALLU is known worldwide for its legacy of providing the highest-quality equipment, along with unparalleled aftermarket support. This tradition has now been made even stronger through our valuable partnership with ECA Canada Company, through its local network

and industry expertise. We are happy to introduce them as a valuable addition to our comprehensive dealer network.”

C&D RECYCLING

RECYC-QUÉBEC AWARDS FUNDING TO SANEXEN FOR PILOT PROJECT TO RECYCLE AND MANAGE FINE RESIDUES

March 10, RECYC-QUÉBEC awarded funding to SANEXAN Environmental Services, a specialist in soil rehabilitation, for Phase 1 of an innovative project to recycle and reclaim gypsum residues and fine residues from the CRD (construction, renovation and demolition) sector in the province. As the Quebec Residual Materials Management Policy calls for fine residues

14 Recycling Product News April 2020

to no longer be buried in landfills, CRD debris sorting centres are facing sizeable challenges. SANEXAN has therefore proposed a solution to recycle and reclaim the fine materials, which would then avoid the need to bury over 90 percent of fine residues from CRD debris sorting centres. Phase 1 of the project, backed by RECYCQUÉBEC, would transform fine residues

into materials that could be reclaimed using SANEXAN’S own physicochemical treatment process. “This is the first technologically and economically viable solution that will result in less than 10 percent of CRD fine residues ending up in the landfill at the end of this large-scale, one-year project,” said Martin Bureau, VP, Innovation, SANEXEN.


CONNECT WITH US

BATTERY RECYCLING

EQUIPMENT SUPPORT

LI-CYCLE DELIVERS FIRST COMMERCIAL SHIPMENT OF RECYCLED BATTERY MATERIAL

METSO SIGNS SERVICE AGREEMENT WITH FEMCO HOLDINGS

Li-Cycle Corp., the Toronto-based lithium-ion battery resource recovery company, has completed its first shipment of commercially recycled battery material, containing energy metals concentrate. The shipped product was processed at Li-Cycle’s facility in Ontario, and according to the company, contained key energy metals – such as cobalt, nickel and lithium – used in lithium-ion batteries. Li-Cycle is one of the few companies globally capable of recovering critical battery materials from lithium-ion batteries in a sustainable and safe manner. The company has also announced that it will establish its first facility in the U.S., in New York State, in an effort to tap into the robust American lithium-ion battery supply chain.

Metso has signed a service partner agreement with FEMCO Holdings, LLC, that will provide service support for metal recycling equipment throughout North America. FEMCO, a machine repair, field service and rebuild specialist with operations in six U.S. States, and headquarters in Pittsburgh, PA, has been in the scrap, demolition and recycling industry for more than 50 years and has a strong reputation for quality, reliable and responsive services, according to Metso. As a Metso authorized service provider, FEMCO’s experienced team will bolster service offerings for Metso’s broad metal recycling equipment line of shredders, pre-shredders, shears, balers, briquetters and loggers. “We’ve had a project-based relationship with FEMCO, and quickly recognized how well their expertise, professionalism and high standards fit with our values,” said Mark Haire, VP Metal Recycling Americas, Metso.

116J

105J - M

M Model

E

L

V

www.elvselect.com E: sales@elvselect.com P: 519.400.5204

April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

15


SPOTLIGHT //

For all the latest equipment, systems and technology introductions and updates, visit recyclingproductnews.com or subscribe to our weekly eNewsletter at recyclingproductnews.com/newsletter-info

​DOOSAN MATERIAL HANDLER DEBUTS AT CONEXPO-CON/AGG

Doosan’s new DX250WMH-5 wheeled material handler was shown for the first time in North America during CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 in early March. According to Doosan, this new 25-tonne material handler, scheduled for availability mid-2020, provides increased lifting performance and is designed for scrap, solid waste and recycling applications. New to the DX250WMH-5 material handler are two arm cylinders straddling the machine’s boom and arm, which improve the machine’s performance and control of material during lift and placement cycles. A droop-nose arm is standard, with an available, optional straight arm for enhanced control of attachments such as a multi-grapple or other

traditional excavator attachments. Doosan’s latest wheeled material handlers also come standard with a

hydraulic cab riser for enhanced visibility and four outriggers for stability when working with materials.

CHUTEC SENSOR-BASED SORTING FOR NON-FERROUS

ALLU PREMIERES CRUSHER ATTACHMENT

Allu, the Finland-based manufacturer of the Transformer and Processor ranges of material handling attachments, introduced its latest development, the new Allu Crusher, at a global launch held during CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 in March. This new heavy-duty range of Allu crushing attachments is purpose-designed to process hard rock materials and meet the requirements of the C&D, recycling and quarrying industries. The new Allu crusher series will initially include three models be introduced for excavators in the 10- to 33-ton range. All have purpose-developed features that ease their use and optimize performance, while providing easy maintenance in the field. “The Allu Transformer range offers unique productivity and efficiency benefits on soft rock and other materials, whilst the Allu Crusher range enables hard rock, and often troublesome demolition materials, to be effectively reduced,” said Jeroen Hinnen, VP of sales for Allu Group. “We look forward to seeing this truly customerfocused solution reach the market which will further help quarrying and demolition professionals transform their business.”

16 Recycling Product News April 2020

Steinert’s new Chutec chute sorter rounds off the company’s portfolio of sensor-based sorting equipment for non-ferrous metals. Chutec allows for the processing of heavy metals down to a size of 5 mm for further sorting. The Chutec chute sorting system combines signals from an XRF unit with 3D information in order to achieve a precise level of classification and separation. This sorting produces concentrates of different types of metal, which display a quality suitable for immediate use in reprocessing smelting plants. According to Steinert, X-ray fluorescence can economically separate ultra-pure products down to a fine grain of 5 mm and recover zinc, brass and copper in their purest form at this grain size. After separation, material is pure enough for the smelter. This technology allows for fine-grain fraction processing for operators of plants sorting heavy non-ferrous metals (ZEBRA) from incineration bottom ash (IBA) or automotive shredder residue (ASR), and for all applications separating and upgrading non-ferrous heavy metals into metal types such as aluminium, copper, zinc, brass or stainless steel.


HISC OPTIMIZES COPPER RECYCLING

Bunting’s HISC High Intensity Separation Conveyor is designed to achieve maximum separation of stainless steel and ferrous dirt in ICW wire-cleaning applications, providing contamination-free, high-purity recovered copper. According to Bunting, the HISC is the first piece of equipment of its kind in the industry and was developed using their Magnetic Finite Element Design software technology. Bunting’s HISC achieves removal of contaminant particles such as paramagnetic work-hardened 300 stainless steel metal and extremely fine particles of ferrous dirt by incorporating extremely high gauss fields, neodymium rare earth magnets, and an extensively field-tested design. Bunting’s HISC excels at assisting in the recovery of pure copper, in both pre- and post-wire chopping, and is suitable for many other applications requiring high-intensity magnetic separation, including medical stainless steel separation, electronics green board recycling, ground plastic purification and auto shredding.

CAT COMMAND EXPANDED TO SMALL WHEEL LOADERS

Caterpillar has expanded its Cat Command for Loading to its small wheel loader line. Removing the operator from the machine, Command provides semi-autonomous remote operation of Cat 926M, 930M and 938M models to increase operating safety in potentially hazardous operating environments, including waste and C&D recycling. A new dealer-installed field kit will make the Cat 926M, 930M and 938M models Command-ready. The system includes cabin roof, rear and side cameras, an electric-over-hydraulic steering system and a Command activation lever mounted for ground-level access. According to Cat, since Command controls are integrated with machine electronics, users will experience the same control response they would operating from in the cab.

Model 4 The new model 4 E-Z log Baler is just what mid size scrap yards have been asking for! Priced right for any yard — small, mid size, or large! Like the Model 3, the NEW Model 4 has no set up time and a very low cost to operate. The one man operations are all handled from the newly designed cab. With the 400º rotation crane and a reach of 27’ adding the continuous rotation grapple, it makes loading the larger chamber a breeze. Taking your loose scrap to a highly sought after shreddable log.

— Cycles in under 2 minutes! — Produces up to 70 tons per day. — Fully portable in the closed position. — New seat design for more operator comfort.

CONNECT WITH US April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

17


SPOTLIGHT

CONNECT WITH US

KOMATSU WHEEL LOADER DESIGNED FOR WASTE

According to Komatsu, its share in the waste and recycling market has nearly tripled since 2016, and the company has developed 15 machines with waste guarding packages to date. At CONEXPO-CON/ AGG 2020 Komatsu featured the company’s latest development for the waste and recycling market: the WA480-8 wheel loader with waste guarding package. This wheel loader includes custom guarding, joystick steering for easy maneuverability, and steering wheel placement that improves visibility.

BALE WRAPPING PROVIDES SAFETY DURING COVID-19

Finland-based Cross Wrap Oy has been developing and manufacturing automatic Bale Wrappers and Bale Opener machines for over 26 years. Now during the COVID-19 virus epidemic, safe waste and recyclables handling and management are more important than ever before. According to Cross Wrap, safe material handling is best done when the process is fully automatic. Cross Wrap machines offer a fully automatic and hygienic way to wrap, handle, store and transport waste. These systems provide a fully enclosed and tight bale, prevent littering, spillages or odours, are easy and safe to use for transport, storage and handling, provide low operating costs, and are adaptable to any baler. Also available is an automatic and safe Bale Dewiring machine for plastic recycling, which removes the need for manual and dangerous bale wire cutting and bale handling. Cross Wrap Oy was recently shortlisted for the prestigious Plastics Recycling Awards Europe 2020 for its CW Dewiring machine in the Recycling Machinery Innovation of the Year category.

18 Recycling Product News April 2020

CDE’S NEW 500-TPH COMBO X900 FOR WET PROCESSING

CDE unveiled its new 500-tph Combo X900 at CONEXPO-CON/ AGG 2020. The X900 is the latest in CDE’s range of Combo all-in-one wet processing and water management solutions designed for the recovery of clean sand, aggregates and C&D materials. With its increased capacity of 500 tph, the new Combo X900 is the largest in CDE’s series to date and has been engineered specifically for materials processors in North America and Latin America. Outside of increased capacity, the X900 includes various new features including: a repositioned control cabin that sits on top of the water tank; cooler operation; a single-chassis design with reduced footprint; and an integrated recirculating water supply. These plants also consume approximately 15 times less water than traditional wet processing plants. “The Combo X900 maximizes resource yield from natural sand and crushed rock feed, adding huge commercial value and minimizing waste, and it ensures not one grain of value is lost to settling ponds,” commented CDE’s director of engineering, Kevin Vallelly.


Waste Wood Shredding

SOLUTIONS

Rotochopper has partnered with Lindner to offer the

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COVER STORY

Englobe’s Saint-Henri de Lévis static pile composting site near Quebec City, in operation Recycling Product News April 2020 for20over 40 years.

ZERO W


WASTE COMPOSTING DENSITY SEPARATION AMONG STRATEGIES USED BY ENGLOBE IN EFFORTS TO REACH ULTIMATE END GOAL IN COMPOSTING

BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR

E

nglobe Corporation, with headquarters in Quebec City, was established in Canada close to 60 years ago and is one of the country’s largest firms specializing in soil remediation, composting and environmental engineering. Englobe runs three static pile composting sites in Quebec. Lachute (near Montreal) and Bury (near Sherbrooke) have been in operation for approximately 20 years, while their Saint-Henri de Lévis site, on the south shore of Quebec City, celebrated 40 years in operation in 2019. According to Benoit Lamarche, Eng., their overall goal is to deliver quality compost and commercial topsoil to customers. “In French, we say eco produits [eco products], which we manufacture from the organic fraction of the waste we receive.” Englobe’s main composting operations use large, static piles, all outdoors, turned with mechanical shovels or excavators and moved with front end loaders at screening and other delivery stages. They also have a great deal of experience with aerated static piles, soil treatment applications and bioremediation, as well as biosolids processing. “We have one installation in Saint-Henri which is fitted with an aerated static pile, which we’ve run for a couple years,” explains Lamarche. “But when we look at operating costs, from our perspective, it’s more productive to run big static piles.” “We have our composting sites, and then we have our land application contracts for processed biosolids, which is a different business,” explains Lamarche. “We have a team of about 10 dealing with land application. For biosolids and paper mill waste, or sludges, our team delivers quality product, basically a lime equivalent, for spreading on farmlands. It’s another stream of our business which is very important.”

Lamarche adds that they have also looked at anaerobic digestion in depth, but the business case for a private company has not yet proved to be the best way to go, based on the current stream of feedstock. The capital cost up front is one of the barriers. “The stars are not well aligned for anaerobic digestion for us,” he says. “For public utilities and cities, maybe, but not for us.”

A LONG HISTORY IN COMPOSTING

Englobe’s first composting site was established in Saint-Henri in 1979. “It started as a pig farm and the original owner began composting pig manure together with paper mill sludge,” says Lamarche. Since then, it has evolved greatly. Lamarche says they now receive about 75,000 tons per year of mixed green waste, as well as food waste and some biosolids. The other two sites receive about 50,000 tons per year of mostly green waste and food waste, with some biosolids, but a lesser amount compared to the Saint-Henri site. “We do screen and manufacture end products at all three locations,” says Lamarche. “Our market is 100 percent bulk, so you won’t find any of our products at Canadian Tire or Walmart. We do sell to businesses which have packaging lines, and we used to have one, but we quit that business about 10 years ago to focus on bulk only.” He says the agriculture industry is an emerging market for them. “Farmers are not our traditional customers for compost,” he explains. “Farmers don’t want to pay for compost. What is the value for a farmer to bring in compost? From an N-P-K standpoint (nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium), compost brings very little contribution to plant needs. Value would be to add carbon (organic matter) to the soil. But until now, value based only on adding carbon to the soil is not enough to convince April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

21


COVER STORY

Englobe’s Density Separator at their Saint-Henri site near Quebec City, is used to separate heavies, lights and ultra-light particles from organics.

22 Recycling Product News April 2020

LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCE

WE SHOULD PROMOTE THE FACT THAT USING COMPOST ON RANGELANDS AND FARMLANDS CAN BECOME A CARBON FARMING ACTIVITY THAT IS PROFITABLE, AND THAT IS GOOD FOR THE EARTH.

clients to pay for it. We need to work on demonstrating the benefits for farmers.” Lamarche says he has been working with Glenn Munroe and Susan Antler from the Compost Council of Canada in depth on end market development, and that farmers in general increasingly recognize that there is enough value in using compost on farmlands. “We are involved with the Living Soils Symposium events and are trying to promote the use of compost, but we’re still quite far from being able to deliver large amounts of compost to farmers for a return,” says Lamarche. “Our end markets are currently more landscape contractors and cities, which will buy back our products for their landscaping needs.” When asked about the importance of their compost being certified, Lamarche says it is absolutely critical. In the province of Quebec compost is certified by either by BNQ (Bureau de Normalisation du Québec) or CQA (Compost Quality Alliance.) “We have both of these certifications for our end products,” says Lamarche. “It allows the buyer, the user of our compost to be able to receive it without having any kind of special permission from the Ministry of Environment. “The main thing with being certified

BENOIT LAMARCHE

BNQ or CQA is to guarantee that we deliver quality products to our customers,” he continues. “This is one area of our work that requires lots of energy. “What society wants and needs is to divert organics from landfills. So we need to make our compost as per the protocol described in the compost quality certifications.”

Lamarche says he has travelled extensively to visit sites in the U.S., Europe and Canada, to see methods used by other composters, and they also have learned a lot at Compost Council of Canada events in recent years. “Last year, the Compost Council event was in Guelph, Ontario,” he says. “We went to visit several composting sites there, and confirmed that we are basically doing the same thing. We balance our carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N). We aim for a C/N of 30, but end up usually just below that. We’d like our process to be under the 18-month target, but we probably take a bit longer than that in real life, when taking into account seasonal effects due to winter, but that’s compost. It’s like growing a plant; there’s no way you can cut corners to make it grow faster, when you want quality, finished compost.” One of the single most important elements of creating quality compost, he adds, is to closely monitor oxygen levels in the piles. When they get below about five percent oxygen, they reopen the pile and let fresh air flow. “Big piles tend to settle,” he explains. And then you can get anaerobic zones (without oxygen) developed at the base of the pile, which is not what we want.


“We have learned to constantly turn the pile, using big machines, excavators, and we do it very quickly. Turning 10,000 cubic yards, which is just one pile on our site, is done in a couple of days.”

DENSITY SEPARATION

One key initiative Englobe is working on is to become a full zero-waste company. Part of that effort is the implementation of density separation technology. “We use density separation to deal with overs and rejects from our compost screening operations,” explains Lamarche. The technology uses a set of dual air blowers which create an adjustable highvelocity air stream known as air knives. The process separates heavies (rocks), lights (wood) and ultra-light particles (plastic and film) and is coupled with an overband magnet separator for metals. “When particles come into contact with the high-velocity air stream, light particles will tend to fly up, and more dense particles will drop into the accumulating zones underneath. We are

thrilled to be moving toward zero waste, and our density separator is playing a big part in that,” he says. Englobe’s density separator was built in Quebec by Vibrotech, under license by General Kinematics, and is installed at their Saint-Henri site. “They call it a Destoner,” says Lamarche. “This is one area that we have put lots of focus on,” he continues. “We don’t run the whole compost pile through it, only the rejects. So our main screening operation is still done with trommels. “Rejects tend to be considered as waste, but when you do a full characterization of the material, you realize you have valuable stones and aggregate, wood, plastic and tiny bits of metals. When you find a way to separate all this and still have very good quality compost from the static piles, this is ideal.” Englobe uses recovered stone for building sub-base infrastructure or for parking lots, etc., on their site. Any wood captured (in addition to purchased wood fibres) is used as carbon input for their compost. For plastic, they send

it to co-generation or to cement kiln operators for fuel, and metals go to local scrap recyclers. “We’re still learning how to use density separation properly in the compost industry, because our material, at times, tends to be sticky with oversized bits,” he says. “After some trials and growing pains at the start, we reinstalled the equipment in a new configuration, and are quite thrilled by the results so far. “It’s important to know when to use this technology, because if it’s frozen, or if it’s too sticky due to moisture content or weather, then it may not work at all,” continues Lamarche. “It pretty much behaves like a combine harvester. We seem to have found the right timing of the year to use it. “We have put in tremendous effort, and have been subsidized in part by Recyc-Quebec from the Quebec government to implement our Density Separation technology,” he says. “We are almost ready to present detailed results. We plan to disclose our findings to the composting community when we are able to have our next event with the Compost Council.”

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23


COVER STORY KEY HEAVY PLANT

With respect to other key equipment in use at Englobe’s sites, Lamarche says they run a straightforward operation, technically. “We’re using large-scale, 30-tonne excavators, and front-end loaders with 7- to 8-cubic-yard buckets. “We don’t have any preferred equipment suppliers,” he says. “We mainly look at the kind of after-sale service we can obtain locally. We’re quite far between our sites in Sherbrooke, Lachute and Quebec City. From Saint-Henri to Lachute, with a large truck, it’s a fourand-a-half-hour drive.” For wood waste grinding, Lamarche says they hire contractors to come to their sites. They create large stockpiles, from a few hundred to a few thousand tons of wood. “When we have a pile big enough, we call in the contractor and he comes with his huge machine to do the grinding.” Besides wheel loaders and excavators, the main heavy plant on site at Englobe’s operations are their mobile trommel screens. “We have six in total,” he says. “We prefer screens that are longer, and so far, we’ve really liked the 28-foot versions.” He explains that basically, with as long as possible retention time in the trommel, and the optimal rotating speed, they can obtain the best screening efficiency (with minimum compost ending up as rejects). “Our guys tend to find their sweet spot at running these machines,” he says. “This is partly why when we run with front end loaders. They supply bucketloads of feedstock and then go back to get another bucket, leaving just enough time for the hopper to empty into the trommel, and then they can feed another bucket. Our guys have found a way to have a circulation path that is proportional to the speed of the trommel. It’s been running like this for 40 years in Saint-Henri, and 20 in Bury. It’s quite a mature process.” He adds that all their working trommels currently are supplied by Peterborough, Ontario-based McCloskey. “I am a fan of our McCloskey machines,” he says. “We benchmark each of our screens almost every second year.

24 Recycling Product News April 2020

We maintain good relationships with a number of vendors in the market. We’re willing to pay for freight to get machines to us so we can test them and figure out if they are working better than what we have, and we assess the pros and cons of each machine.”

COMPOSTING DURING COVID-19

In the current age of COVID-19, composting, along with other recycling and waste management activities, has quite quickly been deemed an essential service to society. For Englobe, they continue to receive brown bins from all over the province. (Brown bins are used by residents in Quebec at the curbside to collect food waste and green waste.) “We have had to implement very stringent operating procedures for making sure we abide by and respect our public health directors,” says Lamarche. “We are most concerned by incoming biosolids. There seems to be some evidence that biosolids can be a vector for the coronavirus, so it could be present there. “But at the same time, we are used to dealing with asbestos contamination in soil and so, for example, our loaders and excavators are fitted with state-of-theart positive pressure filtration for operators in the cab. Health and safety of our people is top priority. “If it does become unsafe, we would unfortunately need to shut down operations and find a way to resume in a safer manner. We’re coping with the situation. The toughest thing so far has been a few of our guys, who were on spring break and had to spend time in isolation.” He adds, “Now, in the context of having our current government borrowing huge amounts of money to establish support plans for everyone who is losing their jobs, due to COVID-19, I’m

Top: Englobe’s key equipment includes excavators for turning static piles and a fleet of wheel loaders and trommel screens to create “eco products” from organics. Above: Dave Bouchard, site manager for Englobe. concerned that if they choose to back anaerobic digestion as the main technology to treat organic feedstock, we’ll end up having a major cash flow issue.”

COMPOSTING TO OFFSET CARBON

Lamarche is a firm believer that the composting industry and those businesses that use finished compost should become approved as a carbon offset activity and be recognized under a carbon credit program. He points out that one tonne of compost used once equals one tonne of CO2 captured per year for the next 20 years. This has been scientifically proven by top researchers, including Dr. Johnson at the University of New Mexico and the research team at Marin County California where they are cur-


rently carbon farming. “With Quebec still being a member of the WCI (Western Climate Initiative), along with California, I don’t see why a landfill-generated CH4 molecule (methane) can get renewable carbon credit and compost does not,” states Lamarche. “There’s a stock market for carbon, and I’m puzzled by the fact that we call methane from landfill renewable, but not compost. But that’s the way it is and this needs to change. “It bothers me and motivates me to speak up and ask for things to change. As a society, we need to make sure that we support the composting industry in an efficient way.” He continues, “I want to become a voice in Quebec for this change. We should promote the fact that using compost on rangelands and farmlands can become a carbon farming activity [carbon sequestration] that is profitable, and that is good for the earth. It will allow crops to grow healthier and better. “While farmers are not our typical end market, I believe they should be,” he says. “It would build our end markets, put carbon from compost back into farmland and support growing more and better food in the future.”

takes and we continue to focus on trying to build good relationships with our neighbours. We speak with them, we get them involved in a constant monitoring mode of our operations. If there’s a slight smell coming their way, they will let us know. We’ll adapt our hours of operation, things like that. It is part of our ‘social acceptability.’ “If the public sees that we are doing

the right thing, that we are not managing the issues that cause odours or other problems in the community, then we will lower the ‘not in my backyard syndrome’ for establishing new sites,” concludes Lamarche. “When a composting site is run well, with knowledge and the right technology, it’s not difficult to do it the right way.” RPN

OUR STRENGTH IS IN OUR STRUCTURE

MOVING FORWARD

In the years to come, Lamarche says Englobe is looking at creating other sites to serve different municipalities in Quebec. “There’s a roadmap in front of us to capture millions of tons of organics in the coming years,” he says, adding that they are constantly contacted by municipalities who wish to initiate brown bin programs, collecting green waste and food waste at the curb. “I think there will be, in a short period of time, a huge scaling up of our industry. We need to be prepared for that, we need to continue to deliver quality products, and we need to build confidence with the public about our products and operations. He adds that it’s actually easy to admit the wrong feedstock to a composting site at the wrong time of year, and then you can get into big trouble with foul odours. “We’ve been there, unfortunately,” he continues. “So we learn from our mis-

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25


ORGANICS RECYCLING

VALUE IN PARTNERSHIPS LEANING ON DEALER AND MANUFACTURER EXPERTISE SHOULD BE PART OF ANY SUCCESSFUL ORGANICS RECOVERY BUSINESS STRATEGY BY TED DIRKX

T

o thrive in the wood waste recycling and composting industry contractors need to make smart, informed decisions to keep their operations running efficiently. Nimble operations are the name of the game when selling bulk mulch and compost. To make that happen, successful companies should research and vet dealers, as well as manufacturers, before adding new equipment. As part of the process, they can also seek out advice on ways to continue to improve and grow their companies. For many recycling and composting companies, sometimes the best person for advice are the individuals calling on them about their equipment needs.

26 Recycling Product News April 2020

SERVING THE INDUSTRY

Some manufacturers that serve the recycling and composting industries recognize that their role extends beyond just building and selling equipment. Instead, they invest in educating the specialists that serve at the dealer level so that the whole industry can grow together. “Our dealers throughout North America and around the globe understand their contribution to the growing recycling and composting segments is more than selling equipment – it’s about being a resource for companies,” explained Steve Heap, vice president of commercialization for Vermeer. “Vermeer recycling and forestry specialists serve a much broader role than selling equipment. They are part of a group employed by the local dealer, but also

work closely with customers and the team at Vermeer. Through the work they do in the field, regular training at the Vermeer headquarters in Pella, Iowa, and a vast network of peers, these individuals are constantly learning about industry best practices, which helps them be an excellent resource for contractors.” From a tree care company in Los Angeles, California, and a wood waste recycler in Illinois, to composting facilities like MW Horticulture Recycling Facility Inc. in Fort Myers, Florida, consulting with a Vermeer recycling and forestry specialist has already helped many contractors grow their business.

YOUR WAY TREE SERVICE

When Jesse Montoya started Your Way Tree Service in Los Angeles, Cali-


fornia, in 2008, he went door-to-door drumming up tree care work. Today, he’s grown his business to 48 employees and a fleet of equipment that includes a Vermeer TG5000 tub grinder. According to Montoya, as his business grew so did the amount of money he was paying in dumping fees. “I was paying $30,000 a month,” he explained, “One day I was expressing my situation to a couple of specialists with Vermeer RDO, and they helped me come up with a way to turn an expense into a profit.” Montoya says the recycling and forestry specialists with Vermeer RDO (a specialized Vermeer distributor based in California) helped him determine the right machine to operate at his facility, and they recommended which type and size of material would sell the best in his area. “They set us up and helped dial in everything from the right teeth, hammers and screens. With their help, I’ve been able to expand my clientele.”

Equipment best practices education is central to optimizing the value of machines over the long term. Tom Ruegemer, recycling and forestry specialist with Vermeer RDO, said he feels like it is his job as a specialist to help contractors grow their operations and be a resource along the way. “When recommending equipment, I work with customers to make sure they get the right machine for their needs today and for the future.”

MW HORTICULTURE RECYCLING

US Composting Council member Denise Houghtaling and her family

owned business, MW Horticulture Recycling Facility Inc., is another hardworking organics recovery specialist focused on growth. After Hurricane Irma swept across southern Florida, in September 2017, their recycling and composting business saw a significant uptick in the amount of waste material they were taking in, which led to adding an additional Vermeer tub grinder to their operation. According to Houghtaling, having quality equipment and support has been

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ORGANICS RECYCLING

Jesse Montoya, Your Way Tree Service and his local equipment expert Tom Ruegemer, recycling and forestry specialist, Vermeer.

MY ROLE IS TO HELP A CONTRACTOR MAXIMIZE THEIR PRODUCTIVITY, WHICH MEANS ADVISING THEM ON EVERYTHING FROM THE MACHINERY IN THEIR OPERATIONS TO SUGGESTING MORE EFFICIENT METHODS OF DOING CERTAIN TASKS.

RYAN ANDRY, VERMEER RECYCLING AND FORESTRY SPECIALIST

important as her team processed all of the material brought in after the storm. “Before getting into this business, we didn’t know much about the different manufacturers that produced machinery for the composting industry, but

28 Recycling Product News April 2020

through the support of local equipment dealer representatives, we learned quickly,” she explained. “The team at Vermeer Southeast has helped us learn this business and hone our processes. They have also provided service when we need it and are available around the clock – they operate the same way we do.” That point was further affirmed after Houghtaling took a trip to Pella, Iowa, to see the Vermeer manufacturing facilities and meet the Vermeer family. Houghtaling was inspired by how much her family and theirs have in common. “Quality is important to them; they don’t take shortcuts,” she said. “We don’t either because that’s what it takes to be successful and to feel good about the products we produce.”

HOMER INDUSTRIES

Service support is one of the values that the team at Homer Industries in Lockport, Illinois, said they receive from their local recycling and forestry specialist, Vermeer Midwest. “When the business started, it was a constant struggle to keep up with demand, so we didn’t have room for downtime,” explained Todd Hahn, COO of Homer Industries. “Vermeer Midwest’s Aurora location is just 20 minutes from our facility, and I really could at times

get a mechanic from there to the yard quicker than I could get one of our guys. So service has been over-the-top.”

UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE

In an industry where profits are dependent on operating at peak efficiency, having an extended network of reliable partners can have a significant impact on growth. Vermeer and its dealers are committed to investing in training knowledgeable people, so they can be a resource to the industry and business owners working hard every day. According to Vermeer Recycling and Forestry Specialist for Texas–Louisiana, Ryan Andry, his top priority is to help contractors be successful. “My role is to help a contractor maximize their productivity, which means advising them on everything from the machinery in their operations to suggesting more efficient methods of doing certain tasks. “I’m communicating with other specialists on a regular basis and am in constant contact with the team at Vermeer. It’s that level of networking that I think is important to my customers. “For me, it’s not just about selling machines; it’s about bringing value.” Ted Dirkx is applications specialist for recycling and forestry, Vermeer.


ONLY LINDNER CLIENTS CAN TRULY SAY:

YOU’RE BACK IN THE RACE. ’With the new Micromat cutting system, we were able to significantly increase throughput even with tough materials.’ Jan-Hendrik Wilming CEO Lohner Kunststoff Recycling GmbH Germany

In Vechta, Germany, Lohner Kunststoff Recycling (LKR) knows exactly how to bring industrial plastic waste back to the starting blocks. Jointly owned by Remondis Group, the company has been recycling production waste and surplus since 1992. Today, LKR is a specialised full-service provider that transforms 45,000 metric tons of waste into valuable raw material every year for its customers worldwide. To shred this waste, the company relies on Lindner’s technology – like the Micromat with its new Multiplex rotor. Thanks to the cutting system’s new 3D stepped design, the shredder can produce up to 40% more output, even with tough input material. All the while maintaining Lindner’s signature high flexibility and maximum productivity.

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CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 – HORIZONTAL GRINDERS

MORBARK INTRODUCES X-SERIES WOOD HOGS A

t CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 in March, Morbark debuted its 2400X and 3000X next-generation X-Series Wood Hog horizontal grinders. Both machines can be equipped with tracks and the 3000X can be built as a fifth-wheel/dual-axle unit (3000X) or pintle hitch/tri-axle. According to Morbark, these latest models are modular, available in multiple configurations, and are ideal for niche markets including municipal solid waste, pallet recycling, sawmills, nurseries and tree care, for processing yard waste, brush and other mixed woody feedstock into saleable product. “Morbark continues to expand our efforts to better serve the needs of all our customers no matter where they live and work around the world,” said Michael Stanton, Morbark Director of Industrial Products. “The 2400X and 3000X broaden our line of horizontal grinders for all global markets and further extend our reach into key niche markets both domestically and internationally.” Stanton says one of the most important features of the 2400X and 3000X is their compact size. Their standard width (2400X: 7 feet 6 inches/2.29 m, 3000X: 8 feet 2 inches/2.49 m) place them within the

30 Recycling Product News April 2020

legal transport width requirements for any country. The new models also share design features like sloped infeed sides, which improve operator sightlines for more efficient loading of material, and easy-toload grate systems. The 2400X has engine options from 188 to 203 hp (140.2 to 151.4 kW), while the 3000X has engine options from 350 to 577 hp (260 to 430 kW). Like all Morbark Wood Hog models, both the 2400X and 3000X will be available with electric power. Like the 2400X, the 3000X is designed so that a single operator can change the grates. The 3000X’s top-load system with four grates also includes a hydraulic hinged door for quick and easy access. Both models are equipped with the Morbark Integrated Control System (MICS). This diagnostics tool and control system allows operators to automatically adjust feed rates and monitor pressures and feed wheel position to maximize production and engine efficiency. Plus, new smart device apps (IQANrun and IQANsync) allow users to connect to the machine using a phone or tablet’s Bluetooth or to connect directly to Morbark, so Morbark personnel will be able to view and edit a machine’s settings to reprogram or send updated programming.

2400X KEY FEATURES

• 20-inch infeed system • 9 feet long x 52 inches wide (2.74 m x 132.08 cm) infeed floor • Adjustable manual folding infeed tray • Large 22 x 49.25 inches (55.88 x 125.1 cm) downturn hammermill system • Easy routine maintenance and grate changes • 36 inches (91.44 cm) wide chevron discharge conveyor belt 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 m) height conveyor or folding 14 feet 6 inches (4.42 m) height conveyor • Adjustable backside flat idler

3000X KEY FEATURES • Variable speed infeed system 12 feet 4 inches long x 57.5 inches (3.76 m x 146 cm) wide live floor • Plate and pin style, up-turn hammermill system (81.28 cm x 149 cm) • 18 double-edged replaceable inserts • Hydraulically driven discharge


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CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 REVIEW – CRUSHING PLANTS TEREX FINLAY

NEW IMPACT CRUSHER

Terex Finlay displayed three machines at CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020: the I-120RS impact crusher, the 883+ (triple shaft) heavy-duty screener and the TF-75L low-level feeder. The new-generation I-120RS impactor (right) includes a redefined style and advanced technological design, providing improved material flow and production capabilities in demolition, recycling, quarrying and mining applications, for large-scale producers and contract crushers. Units are easy to operate and maintain, and use a Terex CR038 impact chamber with direct drive and an advanced electronic control system, providing high material reduction ratios and consistent product shape.

KPI

HYBRID IMPACTOR PLANT WITH PRESCREEN

ANACONDA

ANACONDA ENTERS TRACKED CRUSHING PLANT MARKET

Anaconda has diversified its product range, from a focus on screen plants and conveyors, with the introduction of a new crushing division. Anaconda’s new tracked J12 jaw crusher and I12 impact crusher (above) were a focus for the company at CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020. According to Anaconda’s Senior R&D Engineer, “Core to the concept of the J12 and I12 tracked crusher range is that the same running chassis is able to be integrated with either an interchangeable, hydraulically driven jaw or impact crusher chamber.” Both machines use a generic Cummins-powered tracked chassis and come standard with a 14-foot (4.3-m) variable speed vibrating grizzly feeder, hydraulic hopper wing extensions, an overband magnet, side discharge dirt belt, and McLanahan Universal crusher chambers as standard.

Kolberg-Pioneer (KPI) announced the launch of its hybridpowered FT4250CC mobile impactor plant with pre-screen at CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020. The unit’s new two-deck pre-screen minimizes the amount of undersized material that passes through the chamber, reducing wear costs and increasing the amount of final product by up to 30 percent, according to KPI. The FT4250CC hybrid power option allows producers to operate using diesel or electric power, providing reduced noise levels, no engine emissions and the ability to run indoors with decreased operational and maintenance expenses. The trackmounted FT4250CC is remote-control operated, features a heavy-duty steel frame, uses a robust horizontal shaft impactor, and with a 36-inch feed opening, is well-suited for both aggregates and recycling.

RUBBLE MASTER

RM CELEBRATES 20 YEARS IN NORTH AMERICA

RUBBLE MASTER, which celebrates 20 years in North America this year, exhibited their RM 70GO! 2.0 crusher in combination with the company’s line of screens and other compact crushers. According to RM, starting this year, a combination that has been available for its larger compact systems for some time, a proven, integrated mesh screen with refeeding belt, is now offered with the RM 70GO! 2.0, along with a range of updated features.

32 Recycling Product News April 2020


KEESTRACK

AWARD-WINNING HYBRIDELECTRIC IMPACTOR ON DISPLAY AT CONEXPO-CON/AGG

Keestrack displayed their Red Dot award-winning R3e electricdiesel hybrid impact crusher at CONEXPO. These machines were designed to meet all criteria of C&D recyclers, contractors and aggregates processors, considering current stringent requirements with respect to mobility, productivity, weight and transport dimensions, dust and noise suppression, and other health and safety considerations. Units use a rotary impact crusher with a capacity up to 250 tons per hour and provide low emission levels, low costs per ton and high end-product quality. With options such as a screen and magnetic separator, the R3e is under 30 tonnes in weight, and with its hydraulic folding system, can be folded to one-piece transport mode within five minutes. As a hybrid-electric machine, the R3e’s diesel engine can be switched off and it can be run from a noise-suppressed generator set or the main electrical power grid. Zero emission levels are achieved due to the hybrid system when running on main grid electrical power, with both the crusher and the anti-dust suppression system capable of running while the diesel engine is switched off. Plus, due to the unit’s plug-out

connection, additional electric equipment, including stackers, can be powered via the R3e. Other key features of these impact crushers include: high-tensile steel in the frame and feed hopper; standard dust suppression as well as a unique optional separate automated dust suppression system; anti-vibration system; telematics for system diagnostics and control; the largest crushing chamber in its weight class; and a range of available options. COMING UP IN THE MAY/JUNE ISSUE OUR CONEXPO 2020 REVIEW CONTINUES FOCUS ON: SCREEN PLANTS FOR C&D AND ORGANICS; RECYCLING APPLICATIONS

AND FIND ALL OUR NEWS ONLINE

April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

33


MRF TECH TALK CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 REVIEW – CRUSHING PLANTS METSO

NEW NW RAPID RANGE TAILORED FOR NORTH AMERICA

KLEEMAN

MOBICAT PRO JAW CRUSHER

The MOBICAT MC 120 Zi PRO jaw crusher plant debuted at CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020, as one of four innovations from Kleemann on display at the Wirtgen Group / John Deere booth. With an output of up to 717 U.S. tons per hour, the MOBICAT MC 120 Zi PRO is impressive in natural rock applications as well as C&D recycling. This powerful jaw crusher has a feed opening of 48 x 32 inches and is equipped with an extra-long articulated crusher jaw. To ensure the best possible material flow, the continuous feed system (CFS) adapts the conveying speed to the fill level of the crusher. On most jaw crushing systems, the operator has the timeconsuming task of clearing the crushing chamber in the event of material blockages. Not so with the optional crusher unblocking system. Should material bridging occur in the jaw crusher, the crusher can be reversed with the aid of the electric crusher drive and in this way the blockage can be cleared in no time. The machines of the PRO line can be operated with the simple SPECTIVE control system via a 12-inch touch panel. All components and functions can be controlled conveniently from the ground. Also on display this year for Kleemann was the new MOBISCREEN MS 952i EVO classifying screen, as well as the MOBIREX MR 130 Zi EVO2 impact crusher. This 496 U.S. tons per hour impactor is designed for easy transport and setup, includes SPECTIVE control, and features a direct diesel drive concept for high output and low fuel consumption.

MCLOSKEY

REDESIGNED IMPACT CRUSHER

McCloskey showed off its redesigned impact crusher line in a new heavy-duty format. The updated McCloskey I44RV3 combines the productivity of a 45-inch impactor with the versatility of a full screening and recirculating system, allowing operators to produce a crushed and screened final product with one machine. The combination of the impactor and a High Energy Screenbox and a recirculating conveyor deliver maximum productivity and unmatched portability, according to McCloskey. New features include an open chassis for ease of access, a larger double-deck prescreen for more efficient fines removal, a swing-out radial return conveyor that can complete 90 degrees while the machine is running, and a direct-drive crusher boosting power and lowering fuel costs

34 Recycling Product News April 2020

Metso has extended its NW Rapid series of transportable wheel-mounted crushing plants with a range developed specially to accommodate road transportation regulations in North America. The first models of the range are the NW120 Rapid portable jaw crushing unit and NW1213 Rapid portable impact crushing unit, which have been re-designed to permit their transportation in most regions of the North American market. The first NW1213 Rapid impact crusher will be in operation in the USA in 2020.

“Traditionally, it has been very common in North America to put crushers on wheels. We developed the North America specific models to meet our customers’ requirements: Road regulations are getting tighter and they are looking for more complete solutions from one supplier,” said Julius Mäkelä, Director of Portable and Modular Solutions at Metso. The NW Rapid can be moved from one site to another using standard prime movers. According to Metso, besides portability, other advantages of the NW Rapid models include quick setup and a production capacity of up to 500 metric tons per hour. NW Rapid has been designed so that the units can be set up in about an hour. The solution consists of modules that can be used to create a variety of combinations also in fixed installations as needed.


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SCRAP RECYCLING

PURPOSE-BUILT FOR GROWTH A SWITCH TO SENNEBOGEN MATERIAL HANDLERS STARTED B.C.’S ALLIED SALVAGE METALS DOWN THE PATH TO EFFICIENCY AND GROWTH IN SCRAP RECYCLING

F

or four generations, the Weinstein family has been steadily expanding its capabilities to provide recycling services to the lower mainland of British Columbia. Founded by Isadore Weinstein in 1952, Allied Salvage Metals has evolved through several changes in location and equipment. Today, with facilities operating in the cities of Richmond and Squamish, Isadore’s great-grandson Ian sees his growing fleet of Sennebogen material handlers as an important turning point in that history. Allied has occupied its current Richmond site location since 1991, starting with a small 1.25 acre property, later doubling in size with the purchase of an adjacent property. “Our latest Sennebogen machine is the first time we traded in equipment instead of adding to the fleet,” says Ian Weinstein, who has been involved in the family business most of his life. Ian now serves as director of operations alongside his father, Arthur.

36 Recycling Product News April 2020

GROWING CAPABILITIES

Ian Weinstein recalls not so long ago when their yard’s material handling needs were given to an old excavator, which was fitted with a boom & stick “that it could hardly handle.” Later, they added a log loader, modified to move scrap. He notes that there were some purpose-built material handlers on the market at the time, but with no dealers or parts inventories stocked in the region, service support proved to be a challenge. Allied continued to grow steadily through the years. “We have a great crew that makes it happen to keep the material moving,” says Weinstein, adding that increasing volumes processed and shipped through their yard since the early 2000s have really driven expansion of their equipment fleet. The Weinsteins were able to add their first Sennebogen purpose-built material handler in 2007. The next year, they acquired a Sierra International 500 baler/shear.

“That’s when we, as a company, really started to grow in ferrous production,” says Ian Weinstein. “We were geared up for growth and our new equipment made it possible. The new Sennebogen gave us more speed, more capacity and higher piles in our tight surroundings and the ability to better organize our process.” The Allied material handling fleet has since grown to five Sennebogen machines, including one unit working at the yard in Squamish. According to Weinstein the true workhorses in their ferrous operation are four Sennebogen 835 M rubber-tired models. Their Richmond yard also runs a smaller 821 M model, primarily for loading non-ferrous material, and because of its convenient transport size, it’s easy to transport to offsite locations. With their 835’s combination of mobility, load capacity and fast cycle times, Allied was also able to add a second shear to its process: a Sierra T900 Continued on page 42


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HAULING & COLLECTION

DOORSTEP RECYCLING

TIME TO COMBAT CURBSIDE COLLECTION HAZARDS BY WARREN DI MARCO

T

he drive toward commercial and household recycling is just one factor in the global effort to reverse the impact of climate change. But it’s a crucial one, with recent figures showing that every year recycling saves 700 million tons in world CO2 emissions. The recycling industry has become a thriving sector; around 1.6 million people worldwide are employed in the business of collecting, sorting and processing recyclable waste, and the global waste management market size is expected to reach a staggering $484.9 billion by 2025. In many countries, including across Europe and North America, householders are increasingly encouraged to sort waste into separate bins to be left on the curbside for collection. This method of collection is convenient for householders and encourages high uptake – in Canada, for example, 71 percent of Canadian households recycle.

38 Recycling Product News April 2020

But while the increase in household recycling is essentially a good news story, this development is not without its challenges. Where once we may have seen one type of refuse truck collecting one type of bin from our neighbourhoods, today there can be multiple vehi-

cle types performing different waste and recycling functions. Glass, paper, green waste and non-recyclable household garbage – in various receptacles including carts, boxes and sacks – can create a confusing picture and ultimately a lethal danger on our streets.


“UNPRECEDENTED UPTICK IN FATALITIES”

Last year the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA), which represents waste and recycling professionals in the U.S. and Canada, issued an urgent warning following what it described as an “unprecedented uptick in fatalities” amongst its waste truck operators. In the first 22 days of January 2019 alone, there were 17 industry-related deaths in the U.S. and Canada, most of which were vehicle-related. While there is no single common cause of fatalities in this sector of the industry, many deaths occur when distracted motorists collide with collectors. Pedestrians, cyclists and other road users are also vulnerable when in close proximity to collection trucks. Collisions can occur anywhere from narrow city streets to rural lanes, often due to the problem of blind spots around bins, containers and recycling trucks. It’s clear that safety in the waste and recycling industry – both on public roads and worksites – is a key concern globally. There is no single answer to the problem; however, a combination of rigorous staff training, regular safety checks, and technological upgrades to vehicles and public education will help to tackle the issue.

Detection zones on Brigade’s radar systems can be programmable up to a range of 30 metres, depending on a vehicle’s individual requirements. And with so many different types of collection vehicles operating in all kinds of challenging environments, customized options can help to deliver the ultimate safety solution. The waste and recycling industry is

a complex sector with little uniformity from city to city, let alone state to state or country to country. Until universal standards are in place, it’s up to local waste professionals to do all they can to minimize dangers for collection truck drivers, pedestrians and every vehicle on the road. Warren Di Marco is a vehicle safety expert at Brigade Electronics, based in the U.K.

FRACTIONATE SPLIT YOUR MATERIAL STREAM A successful MRF design starts with mechanically splitting large volumes of inbound material into similarly sized streams. We do this with our primary Auger Screen. It fractionates material prior to the presort which creates a parallel process, reduces volume on the traditional presort, improves worker safety while reducing headcount and increases downstream machine efficiencies.

ELIMINATING BLIND SPOTS – A TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTION

One sure way to enhance safety in waste and recycling collection is to fit waste vehicles with the latest safety technology. There are a range of impressive devices on the market today, most of which can be added on as upgrades to an existing truck fleet. Commercial vehicle safety systems can alert both drivers, waste company workers and indeed anyone around a vehicle of an imminent danger. These include audible warning alarms as well as sophisticated cameras. Brigade’s Backeye360 gives the driver a 360-degree view around their vehicle in one in-cab image. Radar obstacle detection provides an extra level of protection, especially when dust, darkness or harsh weather conditions lead to reduced visibility.

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GLASS RECYCLING

AMMANN PLANT PART OF GROUNDBREAKING GLASS RECYCLING EFFORT IN AUSTRALIA INNOVATIVE PROCESS FEEDING RECYCLED GLASS INTO ASPHALT PRODUCTION

A

n Ammann ABP High Recycling Technology (HRT) Asphalt-Mixing Plant is playing a key role in a revolutionary recycling process in Australia. Alex Fraser Group (AFG), a leading supplier of sustainable construction materials, has opened a state-of-the-art glass recycling plant that transforms “mountains” of problem glass waste into highquality sand. The glass recycling plant officially opened in late May 2019 on the same day and on the same Victoria, Australia, site as the Ammann HRT asphalt plant. The AFG recycling plant converts problem glass into sand that is used by the adjacent Ammann ABP HRT plant to produce asphalt mix. In addition to supplying the Ammann

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40 Recycling Product News April 2020

plant, the AFG recycling facility provides recycled glass road base, aggregates and sand for green road and rail projects. Each day, the glass plant can recycle up to 4 million bottles and produce up to 800 tonnes of high-specification sand. According to the company, the source materials come from “the most problematic glass waste streams” that were previously stockpiled or landfilled. “Our new glass recycling plant is capable of producing 200,000 tonnes of recycled glass sand per year – equivalent to a billion bottles, effectively putting an end to glass waste stockpiles and landfill in Victoria,” said Peter Murphy, managing director for Alex Fraser. The new Ammann ABP HRT furthers these sustainability efforts. The asphalt plant is specially designed to incorporate RAP (Recycled Asphalt Pavement) and other recyclable products as input materials that can produce more than 500,000 tonnes of green asphalt per year. It includes Ammann’s proprietary EcoView control system software, which closely monitors energy consumption and emissions, a foaming system for warm-mix capability, and hot asphalt storage up to 72 hours. “The Ammann plant complements the other aspects of the Alex Fraser business in regard to recycling,” said Paul Vandersluis, managing director of Ammann Australia. “Not only is the Ammann plant equipped with technology for today, but it can also accommodate future introductions of other types of recyclable materials – be it filler, binder or aggregate substitutes. “The life of ownership calculations demonstrated the Ammann plant to be the best fit for the Alex Fraser business,” he said. The Alex Fraser Group has worked with regulators and customers to develop quality products over many years. These products use innovative inputs including glass and plastic. In a time of scarce resources, this is increasingly of interest to asset owners, competitors and governments at all levels. The Ammann


plant provides the capacity to increase recycled content as the industry progresses. It has already been producing sustainable asphalt to supply several major and municipal road projects. “This energy-efficient plant is capable of producing high-quality asphalt mixes, made almost entirely of recycled materials,” Murphy said. “Our greenest asphalt mixes, like Glassphalt, which includes recycled glass, and PolyPave, which includes recycled plastics, are being produced here to supply a multitude of projects.” Victorian households currently generate high amounts of problem glass waste, known as CSP, every year. Made up of fine particles of glass co-mingled with other waste – including paper, plastics, metals and organics – this waste stream cannot be traditionally recycled back into bottles or jars. Until recently, an enormous volume of glass waste was accumulating, destined for landfills. Murphy said Alex Fraser combined years of recycling experience with the latest technology from around the world to design their innovative glass recycling plant, which uses a range of technologies to produce high-quality construction sand from the waste materials. “Our new glass recycling plant separates the glass from the impurities and processes it into recycled sand, which complies with VicRoads (the governmental transportation agency) specifications,” Murphy said. “It directly replaces quarried sand and reduces the need for trucking virgin sand long distances into Melbourne, substantially reducing heavy vehicle movements on congested roads.” According to Murphy, the environmental impact on Victoria is enormous. “The use of this material will have significant commercial and environmental savings, including the reduction of glass as landfill, heavy vehicle movements, and the carbon footprint of new projects, by up to 65 percent,” he said. Established in 1879, Alex Fraser is one of Australia’s longest running companies. In 2019, it celebrated 140 years of operation, and has recovered and recycled approximately 50 million tonnes of material. April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

41


SCRAP RECYCLING Continued from page 36 that can churn out as much as 26 tons per hour. Still operating on a site with just 2.5 acres to work in, Weinstein says Allied is moving 3,200 to 4,000 tons of ferrous per month, plus another 500,000 pounds of non-ferrous.

HIGHER CAPACITY, LESS DOWNTIME AND GOOD RELATIONSHIPS

In the 12 years since Allied first began its move to a Sennebogen fleet, Weinstein has already retired and replaced two of their original “green machines.” Of the five units now in service, the oldest is approaching 25,000 hours, and another has over 15,000 hours. “We have always bought machines to bring in additional capacity,” Weinstein explains. “As you can imagine, with our high need for production, downtime can be a killer. These days, replacing older equipment with new pays us back in

throughput with reduced downtime and with less maintenance cost.” Ian Weinstein also credits his Sennebogen support team with keeping their fleet productive. “Our dealer, Great West Equipment, has done a great job looking after us, being there for us,” he says. “They are a dependable parts supplier, and get strong backup from Sennebogen in North Carolina. “They have offered us a great amount of training onsite and we are planning to have our own technicians attend free sessions at the Sennebogen Training Center in Stanley.” Allied’s strong connection with Great West is grounded in shared values, including a long history of family owned business success. Sennebogen is one of today’s few family owned OEMs. “Personal connections are important to us,” says Weinstein. “Personal relationships make the business side

easier. Whether it is our suppliers or the brokers I sell to, personal relationships are important to solve problems. “As a 10-year customer, we have a great relationship with Sennebogen. We enjoy meeting them at events like ISRI. “Sennebogen and Great West take our problems seriously; they get on top of it. So I get to work with the people I enjoy doing business with.”

Winds of Change in Halifax, Nova Scotia!

CARI’s 79th Annual Convention June 11-13, 2020

Contact: Donna Turner Phone: 613-728-6946 ext 2 Email: donna@cari-acir.org 42 Recycling Product News April 2020


INDUSTRY RESOURCES

COVID-19 RECOMMENDATIONS AND RESOURCES FOR RECYCLERS AVAILABLE ON CARI WEBSITE

A

dedicated page for COVID-19 information and updates has been added to the website of the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI). The new COVID-19 page will be updated as the situation evolves and includes: a list of the latest safety precautions for recycling operations; detailed guidance by province on which recycling operations have been designated as essential services; and information on businesses that qualify for a COVID-19 wage subsidy.

NWRA COVID-19 POSTER ILLUSTRATES BEST PRACTICES FOR WASTE AND RECYCLING

T

he National Waste & Recycling Association (NWRA) has published a poster for municipal governments and others to share with their community to help protect waste and recycling collection workers from COVID-19. The poster illustrates best practices such as bagging waste and keeping recyclables loose, putting all material in carts and bins, and maintaining social distance from workers. “Based on current knowledge, we are not dealing with a true airborne hazard,” said NWRA President and CEO Dr. Darrell Smith, also a Certified Industrial Hygienist. “Droplets quickly fall to the ground or other surfaces where they remain. Touching waste and then touching one’s face is the real hazard, and our people are wearing gloves and washing hands often. We appreciate the support of the public as waste collectors continue to work during this global health crisis.”

For the latest recycling and waste management industry updates related to the COVID-19 pandemic: www.recyclingproductnews.com

C O M PAC T

P OW E R • • •

TWO-RAM ON A HORIZONTAL BUDGET VERTICAL BALE DOOR AVAILABLE IDEAL FOR MULTI-MATERIAL FACILITIES

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43


HIGHLIGHTS

CONNECT WITH US

FROM >> RecyclingProductNews.com

EQUIPMENT NEWS

METALS RECYCLING

Hyundai launches Wheeled Material Handler

Maximizing sorting and increasing scrap aluminum quality

PAPER RECYCLING IR DE

NT

GE RA E OV XC 3 S / NE ED AD NGI QUIR E E H EL E RE ZZL IES TOR O D A N • 3 4 HP ENER 7 • OG •N

E TH

T

DUST

G DU AS • ST DI & O ESE DO L • R C EL ON ECT TR RI OL C EQ UI PM EN T

Global packaging specialist DS Smith opens first U.S. recycling plant

44 Recycling Product News April 2020

L

U OT

R

E BIN

BU FFA LO TU RB IN E.C OM

B

COMING UP IN THE MAY/JUNE ISSUE

FA UF

• Focus on: Scrap Metal Recycling • Annual Attachments Guide • Equipment Spotlight: Collection Trucks


ADVERTISER INDEX American Baler............................................................... 43

Lindner Recyclingtech America...................................... 29

Brown Bear Corporation................................................ 23

Machinex.......................................................................... 9

Buffalo Turbine............................................................... 44

Mack Trucks..................................................................... 2

Cal-Waste Recovery Systems........................................ 40

Paradigm Software......................................................... 45

Calhoun Super Structure Ltd......................................... 25

R.M. Johnson Co........................................................... 17

Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI).... 42

Rotochopper Inc............................................................. 19

CP Group........................................................................ 39

SBM Mineral Processing................................................ 35

Doosan........................................................................... 31

Scott Equipment Company............................................ 27

ELV Select...................................................................... 15

Sennebogen LLC.............................................................. 3

Gensco Equipment......................................................... 33

Shred-Tech..................................................................... 37

Harris Equipment............................................................ 11

STADLER America.......................................................... 41

International Baler.......................................................... 47

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions........................................ 4–5

Kensal Carbide................................................................. 6

Vermeer.......................................................................... 48

recyclinG PRODUCT news

let’s connect follow us on linkedin www.linkedin.com/company/recycling-product-news/

April 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

45


LAST WORD

FOR THE LOVE OF THE EARTH IN ROCKY TIMES, THE VALUE OF COMPOSTING MAY FINALLY GET THE RECOGNITION IT’S DUE

I

BY SUSAN ANTLER

AT THE COMPOST COUNCIL, WE PROUDLY THANK EVERYONE IN WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR CONTINUING TO MARCH FORWARD DURING THE ROCKINESS OF CURRENT TIMES, PROVIDING ESSENTIAL SERVICES NEEDED TO KEEP THINGS STEADY AND RIGHT.

SUSAN ANTLER

f it wasn’t clear before, the times in which we now live confirm: Mother Nature doesn’t need us; we need Mother Nature. During this time of COVID-19, we humans are in the most terrible of panics. But this is confined to just us. All around us, spring is making its brilliant appearance with the migratory birds returning, trees budding and the early flowers breaking through the ground. Nature has her ways and it’s abundantly clear that it is not just about us. Those in organics recycling have been in the know about this as soon as we first dug into this field, becoming hooked on the fundamental importance of the recycling of organics to help complete the cycle of life; serving as an essential service for the natural world. Frustratingly, for something so right, change has happened gradually. But change has indeed happened. From our first survey in 1992/93 which identified the recycling of 275,000 tonnes of organics (less than 1 percent of the overall waste created by Canadians), our current survey is showing that nearly 5 million tonnes of organics are now being recycled each year – almost 14 percent of Canada’s total annual waste stream, and about one-third of our annual potential. Both types of processing technologies – composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) – are doing their part, with about 300 facilities in operation across the country. Depending on the technology, the types of organics processed varies – leaf and yard residuals are the number one fodder across composting plants with animal manure being the most common input in anaerobic digestion. Both kinds of operations share interest in the processing of food residuals, with composting having an overall broader range of organic inputs relative to the more intense focus by AD on agricultural residuals, fats/oils, grease and discarded food. The products produced at our facilities are simply inspirational – from green energy in the form of electricity and renewable natural gas, to digestate and compost which return valuable macro- and micronutrients back to our soils. Beyond being the right thing to do, the

46 Recycling Product News April 2020

motivation to build these facilities has been spurred on by a number of variables, be it the closing of available landfills, government waste management directives, green energy incentives, soil management practices and business plans. Looming ever stronger is the compelling interest in returning health to our soils, currently impacted by potential tipping points in productivity and sustainability. Farmers, landscapers and urban gardeners are the principal users of our soil-destined products, with their purchase price ranging from free to about $20 – 40/tonne – with specialty agricultural markets seeing the productivity value many times beyond this general trend. Certified compostable packaging has both an acceptance and a fanbase, as well as some facilities which do not want it. Disfavour generally reflects technical practicalities and the awareness that folks are not distinguishing compostable packaging from non-compostable alternatives, contaminating feedstocks which then impact the aesthetics of finished products. It is extremely frustrating that the federal government is not policing environmental claims and is failing to protect work done by those who spend the time and resources to back up their compostability claims through recognized standard-setting systems and infield testing. So much has been done. So much more needs to be done. At the Compost Council, we proudly thank everyone in waste management for continuing to march forward during the rockiness of current times, providing essential services needed to keep things steady and right. And as we get to the light at the end of this scary tunnel, here’s hoping that the fundamentals of working with nature through the recycling of organic residuals will be fully recognized and embraced by all, allowing organics residuals to realize their destiny through their return to our soils – “for the love of the Earth” and abundant natural bounty for all. Susan Antler is executive director of the Compost Council of Canada


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Recycling Product News April 2020, Volume 28, Number 3