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1 QM. WAR SCROLL TRIBES RETURN About The Cover

Carved on a rock about six stories high, Darius recorded his conquest of the Ten Tribes. Ten men are seen in the picture. Nine standing, and one laying down with the foot of Darius on his neck, indicating subjection. The Israelites did call themselves the House of Issac or ISAAKA‌. After the fall of the Assyrian capital Nineveh in 612 BC, the main body of Scythian Israelites came under such pressure from the Medes that they were forced northwards through the Dariel Pass in the Caucasus mountains and into the steppe region of southern Russia. After going through the Caucasus mountains, they became known as Caucasians. Perhaps this is why Rabbis say Christians will be allowed to return as part of the Tribes of Israel. This series of books, will endeavor to describe the war they will be returning to fight.

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1 QM. WAR SCROLL


PREFACE

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ARE YOU READY FOR WAR? DAY OF THE LORD MARCH 20, 2015? For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. (1 Thessalonians 5:2) ... Because he had appointed a day‌ Passover Eve of the Ist Passover Eve of Feast of month Weekly Rosh Tabernacles of Sabbath HaShana Cival New year

The Feast Fast of of Esther Tabernacles (The day before

Nisan 15, Tishri 14, 5774 5775

Adar 29, 5775

Tishri 15, 5776

April 15, October 8, 2014 2014

March April 4, 20, 2015 2015

Total lunar

Total lunar Total solar

Nisan Elul 29, 15, 5775 5775

Total lunar

II Adar 13, 5776

September September March 23, 13, 2015 28, 2015 2016 Partial solar

Total lunar Penumbral lunar

Isa 13:9-11 KJV 9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. 10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. 11 And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.

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IS ASSAD THE LION OF THE JORDEN?

Scriptures speak of a lion that will rise from the Jordan and attack Jerusalem. Is this Assad? Syria has attacked by going down the Jordan in 1948, 1967, and 1971.Will they do this again?

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Both Jeremiah 49 and Joel 1 and 2 speak of a Lion that will gather grapes . Jeremiah 49 Asks , who shall appoint me a time? This is a riddle...Joel indicates it will be with a solar eclipse. Is this time is March 20, 2015? Olives, figs, and grapes say March The map at the above, shows the Syria attack on Israel in 1967. The troops went down the Jordan River, where grapes, olives and figs are grown. ASSAD MEANS ‘LION’ Assad- whose name means ‘Lion’, may qualify for a number of Bible passages. Jeremiah 49: 7 Concerning Edom, ...9 If grape gatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? If thieves by night, they will 6


destroy till they have enough.10 But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places,...and he is not...., O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from hence, saith the LORD…19 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: ...and who will appoint me a time. It is interesting to note that if Assad is the ‘ lion from the swelling of Jordan’ there is only one day which he may attack. It is March 20/21, 2015. This is because the time appointed is a Solar Eclipse and the only date that fulfills the additional Biblical requirements is this date. This will be first day of the Spring in a year of revision; a sabbatical year. The 1 QM War Scroll appears to be discussing that very date. Col.11 and the officers of his chariots in the Red Sea. You will ignite the humble of spirit like a fiery torch of fire in a sheaf, consuming the wicked. You shall not turn back until the annihilation of the guilty. In past You foretold [the app]ointed time for Your hand is powerful work against the Kittim, saying: And Assyria shall fall by a sword not of man, and a sword, Col. 4 On the trumpets for assembling the infantry when the gates of war open that they might go out against the battle line of the enemy, they shall write, "A remembrance of requital at the appointed time of God." On the trumpets of the slain they shall write, "The hand of the might of God in battle so as to bring down all the slain because of unfaithfulness." On the trumpets of ambush they shall write, "Mysteries of God to wipe out wickedness." On the trumpets of pursuit they shall write, "God has struck all Sons of Darkness, He shall not abate His anger until they are annihilated." Col. When they draw near for battle they shall write on their banners, "The right hand of God," "The appointed time of God," "The tumult of God," "The slain of God"; after these their names in full.

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When they return from battle they shall write on their banners, "The exaltation of God," "The greatness of God," "The praise of God," "The glory of God," with their names in full. Astral knowledge and the authority of the general in GrecoRoman military manuals: analogies to the role of the maskil in the DSS Yonder Moynihan Gillihan (Polybius, Hist. 9.14.12) . Yadin, The Scroll of the War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness (ET Oxford: Clarendon, 1962). 4

M. Hengel, "Qumran and Hellenism," in Religion in the Dead Sea Scrolls, ed. J. Collins and R. Kugler, 48, repeating an argument made in idem, "Qumran und der Hellenismus," in Qumrân‌y. I will argue that the role of the maskil as leader and instructor of the yah9ad is analogous to the role of the pagan general. Both leaders grounded their authority within systems of 5

natural law or creation theology In these systems, both the instructors and the instructed presupposed that 1) the divine will or rationality that ordered the cosmos also established an order of justice by which human societies must be arranged; 2) the divinity sanctions war efforts only in the cause of justice, and without divine sanction, war efforts are doomed. 3) In a situation of conflict, an instructor acquires authority by demonstrating that his leadership has divine sanction. Such demonstration takes similar forms in the DSS and the pagan military manuals: first, in public observations of astral phenomena, with the general or maskil interpreting the movements of the heavenly bodies for the assembled followers. His interpretation proves that he has intimate knowledge of the divine order, and warrants his leadership against opponents during a time of dangerous conflict. Second, the strategos and the maskil aimed to gain decisive advantage over their enemies by engaging in battle only at the appointed time (e.g., 1QS 10.19-20), arriving neither too early nor too late. The general and the maskil both calculated time in preparation for battle by the movements of the heavenly bodies. There are important differences between the units of time and the methods of measurement-the general calculated hours and minutes, while the maskil reckoned prophetic periods of jubilees and years-- nevertheless there are sufficient similarities to warrant comparison. Yadin, Hengel, and Duhaime have argued that one sectarian text of the yah9ad was influenced 8


by military manuals. I would like to explore the possibility that the 5 instructional "Natural law" is a term typically used for the Stoic and Platonic philosophy underlying much of the ancient military literature and "creation theology" tends to be applied to a group of ideas in Jewish wisdom theology. In this essay I will show that the "creation theology" of the yah9ad assumed certain principles that were virtually identical to the "natural law" systems found in the pagan texts. For discussion of the similarities between the systems of thought, see Hengel, "Qumran and Hellenism," 51-55. 2 practices of the yah9ad , especially those by which the maskil established his authority to lead, may also have been influenced by military culture. Obviously, public interpretation of celestial phenomena for the purpose of gaining authority was not practiced only in military settings: non-military priests, astrologers, and philosophers also gave such demonstrations for such purposes. However, military aspects of the yahad , such as its profound interest in an eschatological war a (1QM; cp. 1QS 1.20-21); its idealized arrangement of its members into segments of 1000's, 100's, 50's, and 10's,military/legal configuration found 6

in the Torah, historical books, and Maccabean literature; its emphasis on a strictly regulated, hierarchical common life, in one segment of which men apparently lived together in geographical separation from the rest of the community, taking meals together and sharing property; and its strategic refusal to engage in conflict with its enemies "before the appointed time" suggest that aspects of the self-definition of the yah9ad were militaristic, or influenced by military culture. Whether the yahad 's militaristic self-definition went beyond the symbolic is an issue beyond the scope of this investigation. I wish only to explore the possibility that analogies between the role of astral knowledge in establishing instructional authority in the DSS and military texts will shed further light on the texts and practices of the yahad.

WHEN? Next searching scriptures that speak of a lion stealing grapes or wine we proceed, while looking for clues to indicate a specific time. Following the Lion, grape, wine, theme we discover an eclipse. TIMING-LIMIT-ABOUT 8 YEARS?

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Assad’s Sons  Hafez al-Assad. Born on 3 December 2001,  Karim Born on 16 December 2004. THE THEORY If Bible prophecies that speak of a lion attacking Israel actually do apply to Assad. Then ( in that case) they must take place within the next 8 years or so. Why? At that time his 2 prince sons both have reach 20. They will qualify for the military and be full groan lions, rather than cubs or young lions. IS ASSAD THE LION OF THE JORDEN? Jeremiah 49: 7 Concerning Edom ...9 If grape gatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? If thieves by night, from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: …and who will appoint me the time? The fact that the grapes can harvest in March in modern times, is key to understanding that Isaiah is speaking of a future destruction of Damascus, and a future war in Israel. They are container-grown or bare-root vines have strange shoots, to make the plant grow in spring. Because of its strange slips or shoots that can be easily fooled, into believing it is harvest time. The strange slips of the grapes have a spring harvest. By putting the shoots or slips in the freezer for 10 weeks they are tricked into thinking it is time to produce fruit. These plants line the fertile plain of the Jordan River. They are to be put of storage to grow on the Spring equinox; which is the date for the war. While speaking of a war that begins as the kingdom in Damascus falls, Isaiah said. (Isa 17 10-11) you plant pleasant plants, and shall set it with strange slips: In the day shall you make your plant to grow… Syria has attacked Israel by going down the Jordan in 1948, 1967, and 1971. Will Assad do this? If so, do the grapes help appoint a time? We can say for certain that the time is future. .. in the March future.

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After taking the “kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the Lord of hosts.” This clearly has not happened yet. Next we add the words of; Joel 1&2 Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and howl, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the new wine; for it is cut off from your mouth. For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion, He hath laid my vine waste. Next Joel ads a time determining factor; The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord come. This speaks of a Solar Eclipse. So we need a Solar eclipse in March, while Assad’s sons are still young princes or cubs, right? The War Scroll is addressed to those, “hearing deep things. [O God, You have created] the expanse of the skies, the host of luminaries, the task of spirits and the dominion of holy ones, the treasures of [Your] gl[ory . . . ] clouds.” Celestially the Vision of Jacob shows what will happen to the stone on earth. Celestially the star in the forehead of the Chief will descend. In Jacob’s Vision we see the Chief as Jacob and on the earth as the microprosophus more properly called Jacob so it is a star out of Jacob to descend on Moab. That is it will descend to the point of Gilgal , which corresponds to the star Mira in heaven. Pyramid sign. Mamonides stated this means “Go up to heaven or goes down to the depths of the pit to pull up a dead person. This is seen in the Vision of Jacob. (see article · 12But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD. 13And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. 15Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good. 16For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good. Virgo hold two branches before the child Coma meaning the desired son. Scripture speaks of the righteous branch and the abominable branch , Israel must learn to choose the Good or Evil branch, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings. 1. Rezin from those days 11


2. Assad from our days? We continue with the study now suspecting Assad to play the part of the Bee of Assyria and fill in his name adding and or to the leader of Iraq in this study. 17 The

LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria….A future time when the tribe return with a Bee of Assyrian territory attacking...Assad. ? 18 And

it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria… term for Assad, and company, as he will destroy much of Israel? · Syria was part of the land of Assyria 19 And

they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes...the troops of Syria. And company He and his troops go down the Jordan valley at night. 20 In

the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard ...This is the future King of Assyria for ennecarib went home instead of invading. Syria shall invade Jerusalem. 21 And

it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep…Daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift. They are destroyed by roaring waves, 22 And

it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk that they shall give ...i.e. he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land….this is also the theme of the Isa 7 but and honey shall he eat. The original text had no he in it,...It is not the messiah but we that shall eat milk and honey. 23 And

it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns...Syrian army and company crushed the vines and ate the grapes. In the Jordan valley grapes are grown. 24 With

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arrows and with bows shall men come thither; because all the land


shall become briers and thorns…The term arrows means missiles as well 25 And

on all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle...Syria’s army and company will roll over the crops, because (or because of this) all the land shall become briers and thorns. · Here the fact that it will be a Sabbatical year is inferred · Next we compare Isa 37 it tell us that this is a sign. Isaiah 37 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap This is a rolling prophecy Isaiah asks about Kings. God addresses Sennecarib first then a future king from Assyria to attack . In this scene we locate the first day of the Sabbatical year that is prior to the year of Jubilee comes to focus and it is called a sign, A sign is given to speak of it being a Jubilee year vs. 30 ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow. Isaiah 17 tells us the King of Syria is the future grape gatherer that will attack Jerusalem when Damascus falls. Isaiah 7:4 For thus hath the Lord spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey...Assad and one of his sons? when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, or the noise of them:  This is the army of the tribes. “When the Assyrian comes, we will have seven shepherds and eight princes of men.”so shall the Lord of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof”.  Because of this…5 As birds flying, so will the Lord of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it.6 Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.7 For in that day  The future…every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin 8 13


Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he the Lion i.e. Assad( shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.  Assad’s two sons? 9 And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes (Assad two sons)shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the Lord, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem. They will be afraid of the rock. After Assad takes his spoil he leaves. Then his sons continue to search the tunnels. 1. In this scene Assad or the King or the King /leader of Iraqi might be called the King…leader of the Assyrians 2. When Sennecarib conquered Syria he moved the Syrians to Canaan and repopulated Syria with Assyrians or people of Asshur. 3. It follows that the Assyrian to fall, here might men the people following Assad, or the King of Iraq now accepting that title. 4. Since Iraq is referred to in these scenes as Babylon and land of Chaldea he does not seem to hold claim to this title. And Assad as the King of Syria. Nor does he have the military power to be the ‘bee in Assyria’. Once every 7 year there is a sabbatical year in Israel. Once every 50 years there was a Jubilee year. Making 2 sabbatical years in a row in Israel. The sabbatical year is also called a year of remission. Col. 1 of the War Scroll describes a war to be fought during a year of remission. So it a sabbatical year. TIMING DISCUSSED The War Scroll emphasizes the appointed time even in their banners for going out to war. And this is a main theme. Could it be this appointed time will become obvious as the tribes return to fight it. And could that be because there will be two sabbatical years immediately following this war. Scripture says that during a Jubilee for the seventh and eighth year they shall not plant. 14


"And if you shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase: then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years. And you shall sow the eighth year, and eat yet of the old fruit until the ninth year; until her fruits come in you shall eat of the old store" (Lev. 25:20-22). After the 10 tribes were taken by Assyria, King Ahaz felt Israel might be up for grabs at that moment also. But Isaiah told him not to worry about that. Then Isaiah foretold a time in the future when the tribes would return to fight a war with, ‘Even the King of Assyria.’ And that day will also be the first day of the sabbatical year before the Jubilee year. 12But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD. 13And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. 15Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good. 16For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.  Virgo holds two branches before the child Coma, meaning the desired son. Scripture speaks of the righteous branch and the abominable branch , Israel must learn to choose the Good or Evil branch, We continue with the study now suspecting Assad to play the part of the Bee of Assyria and fill in his name adding and or to the leader of Iraq in this study. 17 The

LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria…A future time when the tribe return with a Bee of Assyrian territory attacking...Assad? 18 And

it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria…term for Assad, and company, as he will destroy much of Israel?  Syria was part of the land of Assyria 15


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they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes...the troops of Syria. And company He and his troops go down the Jordan valley at night.20 In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard ...This is the future King of Assyria 21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep…Daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift. They are destroyed by roaring waves,22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk that they shall give ...i.e. he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land….this is also the theme of the Isa 7 but and honey shall he eat. The original text had no he in it,...It is not the messiah but we that shall eat milk and honey.23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns...Syrian army and company crushed the vines and ate the grapes. In the Jordan valley grapes are grown.24 With arrows and with bows shall men come thither; because all the land shall become briers and thorns…The term arrows means missiles as well25 And on all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle...Syria’s army and company will roll over the crops, because (or because of this) all the land shall become briers and thorns.  Here the fact that it will be a Sabbatical year is inferred  Next we compare Isa 37, it tell us that this is a sign. Isaiah 37 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap  On the day that Damascus is being bombed. The King of Syria shall attack Israel.  Isaiah asks about Kings. God addresses Sennecarib first then a future king from Assyria to attack . In this scene we locate the first day of the Sabbatical year that is prior to the year of Jubilee comes to focus and it is called a sign,  A sign is given to speak of it being a Jubilee year vs. 30 ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow. 16


 This indicates it is a sabbatical year before the Jubilee as we discussed above; “ during a Jubilee for the seventh and eight year they shall not plant”. "And if you shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase: then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years. And you shall sow the eighth year, and eat yet of the old fruit until the ninth year; until her fruits come in you shall eat of the old store" (Lev. 25:20-22). Isa.7: 17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria…Assad and company?  term for Assad and company (this does not fit Iraq Iraq), as Assad leads the attack on Jerusalem and the Golan heights will destroy much of Israel?  Syria was part of the land of Assyria and inherited their people 19 And

they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes...the troops of Syria. He and his troops go down the Jordan valley at night.20 In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard ...This is the future King of Assyria … Syria and Iraq? shall invade Jerusalem. 21 And

it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep…Daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift. They are destroyed by roaring waves, 22 And

it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk that they shall give ...i.e. he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land….this is also the theme of the Isa 7 but and honey shall he eat. The original text had no he in it,...It is not the Messiah but Israel that shall ‘eat milk and honey’. The crops are greatly destroyed and they will instead have goats and cows. 23 And

it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall 17


even be for briers and thorns...Syrian army crushed the vines and ate the grapes. In the Jordan valley grapes are grown. 24 With

arrows and with bows shall men come thither; because all the land shall become briers and thorns‌The term arrows means missiles shall become briers and thorns. This is why it will be easy for Israel to obey the Sabbatical ,and Jubilee year. Picture this; the land is destroyed from the war. But the new growth is still there squished and ready for cattle and sheep. Israel will have so many cows, goats and sheep they will need a place to put them and the damaged land will be just fine.

Terrorists have mainly come from Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, North Africa‌

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Isa. 30:27. Behold, the name of the Lord cometh from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire:28. And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.

Above Red Dot: The Name of the Lord is on a rock in Jerusalem and will descent to the Pit.(the below red dot. The attack discussed is upon Jerusalem where the children of Esau hold the Dome of the Rock. Our rock is not their rock, Moses said describing this war as the war where ‘one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight’, it is a supernatural war. Deuteronomy 32 King James Version (KJV)

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32 Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. 2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass: 3 Because I will publish the name of the LORD: ascribe ye greatness unto our God. 4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he. 5 They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation. 6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? is not he thy father that hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and established thee? 7 Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell thee. 8 When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. 9 For the LORD's portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance. 10 He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye. 11 As an eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her wings: 12 So the LORD alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him. 13 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; 14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape. 15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation. 16 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger. 17 They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not. 18 Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee. 19 And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them, because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters. 20


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he said, I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very froward generation, children in whom is no faith. 21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation. 22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains. 23 I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them. 24 They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust. 25 The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs. 26 I said, I would scatter them into corners, I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among men: 27 Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy, lest their adversaries should behave themselves strangely, and lest they should say, Our hand is high, and the LORD hath not done all this. 28 For they are a nation void of counsel, neither is there any understanding in them. 29 O that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end! 30 How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up? 31 For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges. 32 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter: 33 Their wine is the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps. 34 Is not this laid up in store with me, and sealed up among my treasures? 35 To me belongeth vengeance and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste. 36 For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that their power is gone, and there is none shut up, or left. 37 And he shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted, 21


38 Which

did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection. 39 See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand. 40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. 41 If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me. 42 I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy. 43 Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people. 52 Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; but thou shalt not go thither unto the land which I give the children of Israel. The name is on a rock called the foundation stone. Matthew was quoting from a prophecy in Isaiah 7: 13-16 . • Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. • Matthew believe Jesus, born of a virgin, to be the fulfillment of this prophecy • Matt 1v23 • The Jewish commentary explains the name Immanuel in the Isaiah text to mean • Immanuel –lit. God is with us. That is to say our Rock shall be with us, and this is the sign.

The cornerstone is also the rock Isa.7:13-16 This refers to the coming Messiah. Christians believe this is Y’shua/Jesus . Jews suggest it is the rock. In this study we will see the rock as a sign of the virgin that will conceive. Here the virgin Jerusalem becomes a present tense sign, of the virgin in the future that will give birth to the Messiah.

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WAR PREDICTED FOR ISRAEL Also see Theosophical Dictionary Isaiah’s prophecy depicts a future time when Assyria and Egypt would come in to play again on the world stage. In the future or “days that have not come” people will look to the Lord of hosts as “a stone of stumbling or a rock of offence: Isa. 7:17-18. The Lord shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria. As a confederacy, prepares to come against Israel. Council is to be taken concerning the Lord of Hosts as a stone of stumbling… Isa. 8:13-15 The Lord of hosts, Him shall you hallow. Let him be your fear let him be your dread. He will be as a sanctuary. But a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense to both of the houses of Israel. As a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble. They shall fall and be broken be snared and taken. Isa. 9:6-7. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, the everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.” Isa. 9:10-18 Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.. Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him 23


be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken…. thus saith the Lord Jehovah, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone of sure foundation: he that believeth on him, shall not be in haste. What is the message? The Theological Dictionary states: There are 70 ancient manuscripts that read this way, however, the Masoric text reads differently. It does not contain the words "in him”. The Jews accept the Masoric interpretation, while Christians do not. The text infers we must honor the lord of hosts as a rock of offence. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken. The subject of the stone continues relating it to a child to be born. BABYLON-Jeremiah Declare among the nations, Bel is confounded…the portion of Jacob is not like them he is my battle axe. JER.51:10.“The Lord hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the Lord our God.” Proposition: Jeremiah speaks about a request to “ let us declare in Zion the work of the Lord”, in connection to the present events. This work is called the “face of Jacob ” in Isa.29 Isaiah spoke of a sign; We can only see it when we turn a map upside down. It is an image which, he refers to as “the work “and it is “in Zion” . ISAIAH 29,11 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as potters clay; for shall the work say of him who made it he made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him who made it he had no understanding?

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The Face and the Holy One

 22-23

Therefore thus saith the Lord, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.

 But

when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.

Congruencies between Jerusalem and Babylon -. The hand the sea the face and the name (Messianic Idea, 121-3). • 4 The destruction of the Temple thus shattered the unity of YHWH and dispersed the collectivity of Israel only in order to weave together the unity of all the Nations in His Name

YHVH was the soul BODY of The MESSIAH God placed his name upon the rock. Scripture links the name to the Holy One, This name was said to be the soul body of the Messiah - The Holy One. The Zohar uses the literal translation of genesis to tell the story. 25


Zohar Vol. pg 68And God said Let there be light; and there was light. From this point we can begin to discover hidden things relating to the creation of the world in detail… Zohar Vol. pg69. Hence “and God said: opens means the above mentioned palace generated from the holy seed which was pregnant While it brought forth in silence…it became the voice which was heard, to wit, “Let there be light.” Whatever was issued came forth under this category. The word “Yehi” (let there be ) indicates the union of the Father and the Mother… light; and there was light. These words indicate there had already been light. This word “aur” (light) contains in itself a hidden significance. ..the secret supernal either opened a path primordial point. The expansive force proceeded from the hidden recesses of the secret supernal ether opened a path and produced from itself a mysterious point…Yod Zohar Vol. Pg 70 This dot of the word awr is light…Afterwards darkness issued… “Let there be light.” to wit El Gadol (great god) that which emerged was from primordial ether. Who Else agrees - John 11 in the beginning was the word…made flesh…he was the light Next we should take a look at the words of the Apostle Paul as he goes through Isa. Point by point , commenting about the stone, in the Book of Romans Paul- the seed in the rock-. The stone of Stumbling. 30 What shall we say, then? That Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness have attained it, that is, a righteousness that is by faith; 31 but that Israel who pursued a law that would lead to righteousness did not succeed in reaching that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone, 33 as it is written, “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense; and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.” This must occur literally. 1. Adam was made from dust on Mount Zion, which was on the Temple mount and thus part of the image itself. 2. Adam sinned and lost to the serpent Jacob regained the image for himself Another way of explaining this wonderful truth is the after Adam sinned he was naked and ashamed. In order that mankind might learn of the Holy One and 26


the seed in the Root of Jesse. Isaiah said, “ Jacob is not ashamed”.

The Zohar • Here we receive a hint of a great controversy of the union of God and the Jerusalem who was to be his virgin bride. There is a unique combination of various particulars God placed the seed of mankind within. Here a very personal perspective is given. Suggestions include a splendid selection of graphics in a story book setting.

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• .

But when his children see the work of my hands in the midst of them they shall sanctify the Holy One of Israel.

THE ANTICHRIST The Hebrew word for face is “Peniel” . It means “ the face of God”. · This word also means; “To appear at eventide” and “ fear the forefront of the face.” In the forefront of the face the land forms a picture of a male member. Here we will soon see how God gave honor to the least comely parts. The seed of the Holy One is in the rock. The Hebrew word for rock is aben it means father and son. The Holy one is like the seed of the testicle.

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This Phallic symbol sits within the valley of Jerusalem, which formed the outline of a female arrow case. sits within the valley of Jerusalem, which formed the outline of a female arrow case. It is in the act of begetting

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To get the big picture all the gates are labeled: 1. There are two rocks, which form the testicles 2. Water Gate*; is placed at the appropriate placed and means Semen juice or urine. 3 Hezekiah’s tunnel formed a line of circumcision access the phallus. 4. Muster Gate; deposit enjoin, deliver to keep 5. Valley Gate; Mount up, be risen, grow up lifting up, exalt. 6. Nearby was Enrogel; meaning see the piss 7. It is also next to En Gihon; virgin spring; gush forth, take out to issue 8 Millo; Replenish, overflow, the Gate 9. East Gate; Itch, Scrape 10. The tunnel leads to the pool of Siloam meaning; Grow long, plant, sow, shoot missile, stretch forth, put in, put out.

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THE STONE A SIGN OF NOAH God gave Noah a covenant after the flood that he would not again destroy the earth by flood. This covenant was related to the stone. The flood was caused not only from rain but also from the fountains of the deep. This fount is mentioned in the Genesis account. “God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged; the fountains also of the deep and windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven were strained. THE FOUNT AND THE STONE The Midrash gives us more information. It states: King David did some digging on to prepare the Mount for the Temple. He found a stone with some markings on it. He was concerned that someone had been on this Ground before and perhaps defiled it. God told him the stone was known by Noah it held down the fount of the earth. This was the fount that flooded the earth in the days of Noah. That is to say water from the flood of Noah came partly from rain above and also from the fount of the abyss below this stone. The Rock-THE SIGN OF HIS COMING? Kronos-Hesiod linked the term with “ Chronos” meaning time. Here the microprosophus, was an example of Father Time eating all his own children. Myths were a way to tell truth The face would eat all mankind. This is technically true according to Hebrew tradition, for after death says the Zohar -the souls of all men return back to the tunnels of Jerusalem, as thought they are eaten by the face.

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AS IT WAS IN THE DAYS OF NOAH When Jesus was asked what would be the time of his coming and of the end of the age he mentioned rock as he mentioned Noah. Matthew 24:37-39. But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Many have wondered how eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage could be the sign of any age being that men must always eat and drink and give in marriage. However if Jesus was referring to the stone when he said these words new meaning can be applied. eating and drinking …The stone is positioned within the mouth of the face of the Microprosophus… Cronos ate the stone. marrying and giving in marriage…The stone is positioned within the clay earth in the form of male member in relation to the female. Here we recall the words of Paul “Christ is the head…God has given honor to the least comely parts” “Kronos” Ate the foundation stone. “Kronos devours his offspring. And believing that this fateful news could be averted, he started to swallow his offspring at birth. But once the procedure had been repeated several times, her wife … feeling for her children as Gaia for her own, deceived her husband by wrapping a stone in clothes and giving it to him to swallow, as if it were the newborn child Zeus.” Gaia for her own, deceived her husband by wrapping a stone…. Gaia means Earth gave a stone representing Zues (Life and Savior) Jesus. Hezus (In him was life) According to 31


one account: He spit it up and it became the Milky Way… That is to say Jesus would be raise to the heavens.

Isaiah 29 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as potters clay ; for shall the work say of him who made it he made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him who made it he had no understanding A photo of Zion upside shows profile of a mans face Isaiah refers to the face as the face of Jacob. “concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face wax pale

1 Eating + Drinking The Temple is located in the mouth of the Microprsophus i.e. The face of Jacob All the food and drink offerings are given in type to the face. The alter had horns of ivory which were to represent teeth of the image. The laver represented the water, like unto saliva. The porch was call “ulam” meaning “the tongue” The Temple incense alter had four horns and according to the Midrash represented the larynx.(When a person speaks loudly blood is placed on the larynx). The high Priest would speak loudly on Yom Kipper saying the name of God. He would sprinkle the blood on the incense alter (representing the larynx). The Holy of Holies was called the oracle- representing the back portion of the tongue. 2. Giving in marriage. Zohar--And God said, “Let there be light”. From this point we begin to discover the hidden things relating to the creation of the world in 32


detail….When …energy had been extended from the supernal palace alluded to in the supernal name Eloihim, the term saying is used in connection to it in the words… “and God said”, means that the above palace generated from the holy seed with which it was pregnant. THE WORD John spoke of Jesus as the word: In the beginning was the WORD, and the WORD was with God, and the WORD was God He was speaking of Y’Shua or Yehoshua This relates to the WORD YHVH placed on the rock by of offence by God Q. Is there a rock? A. YES. It is the cornerstone for the Earth

Job- The Foundation Stone "Where wast thou, when I laid the foundation of the earth? Declare, since thou hast such knowledge! Who fixed its dimensions, since thou knowest? Or who stretched out the line upon it? Upon what were its foundations fixed? And who laid its corner-stone, When the morning stars sang together, And all the sons of God shouted for joy?"

The Jewish Talmud also tells us about this stone in Zion- Jerusalem on the Temple Mount (Zion). A stone Shethia. We learned in a Boratha: The word Shethia means, that the universe has been created from it as Shethia means foundation. This is according to him who says that from Zion the world began to be created. The Holy One, blessed be He, threw a stone into the sea, and there from. As it is written;“ Upon what are her foundation -pillars placed at rest? Or who threw her a corner -stone. O.K. then Jesus is the cornerstone, so he must be “THE WORD” 33


right? - IN THE BEGINNING WAS “THE WORD” In the following discussion let us begin to analyze the term Holy One and see how it is THE WORD on THE ROCK which is the soul body of the Messiah and will prove to be Y’shuah or Yehosha (The one we’ve called Jesus). WELL OF THE SOULS The Dome of the Rock holds a stone that the Muslims have believed to be the foundation stone. A legend they tell state that when the Earth was created God placed all the souls of mankind in the well beneath the stone and when the well would become empty the Earth would be over. But according to the Jews this is not the rock it is somewhere else. Deuteronomy 32 seems to agree saying; “Our rock is not their rock.”

YHVH- VERTICAL • By placing the four letters of the Tetragrammaton,YHVH, in a vertical column, a figure closely resembling the human body is produced: Yod the head, the first He the arms and shoulders, Vau the torso of the body, and the final He the hips and legs. This is the Divine Name as Adam Qadmon.

WORD is the LORD Whenever we see the word Lord in the bible it is the name of God YHVH. Placing the Letters vertically there is the image of a man. But how exactly does this relate to the rock and Y’shua?

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M. MACGREGOR MATHERSd: • “It is the Quaternary in Nature, the four letters of the Holy Name, I.H.V.H., the Tetragrammaton, Jehovah, which with the addition of the letter of the Holy Spirit, Shin, becomes Yeheshuah, or Y’shua the Name of the Messiah.”

Kabbalah Christian perspective: Kabbalah Christians have seen the name to be representative of Jesus whose true name was Y’shua or Yehoshuah. (Y’shua is the shortened form of the name like the name Rich and Richard). Scripture tells us the YHVH is the Holy One i.e. the Messiah For so says the Lord YHVH, the Holy One of Israel,( Isa 30:15) - "For I am YHVH your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior; (Isa 43:3) And the nations shall know that I am YHVH, the Holy One in Israel. (Eze 39:7) 2. Concerning the Christian perspective- the one who the gentiles seek is Y’shu / Jesus who said “I come in my Father’s name.” This agrees with the New Testament: Matthew 23:39 "For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, 'BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!'" Mark 11:9 Those who went in front and those who followed were shouting: "Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD; Luke 13:35 "Behold, your house is left to you desolate; and I say to you, you will not see Me until the time comes when you say, 'BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!'" Luke 19:38 shouting: "BLESSED IS THE KING WHO COMES IN 35


THE NAME OF THE LORD; Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!" John 12:13 took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, "Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD, even the King of Israel The words of the Apostle Paul Part 1.The study of this rock leads to its geography of the location.- I Cor. 12. The Apostle Paul discusses it saying that “Christ is the head…and God has given honor to the least comely parts” In the Book of Romans, Paul discusses the seed and the stone in depth. According to Paul’s interpretation of Isa. it is only because of this seed in this stone that Israel will not be like Sodom and Gomorrah. As we read Paul’s words we realize he is quoting from the same parts in Isaiah that we have been discussing we begin to see what he is talking about. By lining the subject up line upon line precept upon precept we can see that Paul is speaking of these same subjects we’ve discussed in Isa. 29. Afterwards we will examine the similarities of Paul’s text at in other ancient documents. PAUL’S WORDS UNDERSTOOD Paul quoting Isa lets us know that this seed will save Israel. ROMANS 27 And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will be saved, 28 for the Lord will carry out his sentence upon the earth fully and without delay.” 29 And as Isaiah predicted, “If the Lord of hosts had not left us seed, we would have been like Sodom and become like Gomorrah.” This seed is the seed that will save Israel it is part of the root of Jesse which will gather the Tribes of Israel to return. As bee of Assyria threatens to attack Judah, the tribes of Israel will return. To begin with this we must begin to discuss body parts All over the world the story of body parts-creation. Astronomy and anatomy, Temple and man. Acted out in Ceremony, and in relationship to the heavenly testimony. 36


What is the Name-Shin The Knesset has a plack that shows the valleys forming the letter Shin. The three valleys form the letter Shin. Meaning God Almighty. God has given a memorial for the Jews to bind this testimony on their hand and forehead On the back of the hand- -a shin- in the hand of the Jew as a memorial, just like the shin is on the back of the hand in Jerusalem On the forehead. Phylactery -a shin- in the hand of the Jew as a memorial, just like the shin is on the forehead of the microporsophus.

The holy temple represented the body - and Levi’s work in the Temple might give honor to the Holy One. I AM THE DOOR ZOHAR1- PG. 318 He built a tower in the midst of it a strong tower. The tower is that mentioned in the verse. “The name of the Lord is a strong tower, the righteous run into it and is safe. (Proverb 18:10)” and also hewd out a winepress therein.”:this is the gate of righteousness”( PS CXVIIII)…He who makes an offering of his son brings him under the Holy Name…To this son that is born of thee I apply the words of scripture ”Every one that is called by my name…I have formed him and I have made him” Isa. XLIII,7); also the verse, “And all the children taught of the Lord” the righteous run into it and is safe. Jesus said I am the door. The cleft in the rock is the soul body of the Messiah. It is also the door into paradise. It is where the 144,000 will enter.

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Introduction 1 QM War Scroll

Today is his appointed time to lay low and to make fall the prince of the dominion of wickedness; and he will send eternal help to the lot he has redeemed by the power of the angel he has made glorious for rule, Michael, in eternal light, to give light in joy to all Israel, peace and blessing to the lot of God, to exalt among the gods the rule of Michael and the dominion of Israel over all flesh.

TWO WORDS NEED TO BE DEFINED. The word “gods” Michael There was but one God of Qumran . He was the creator of the gods. The term gods is celestial. Morels and Domas approaches the subject p.509 In Hebrew writings, the term “Heavenly Hosts” includes not only the counselors and emissaries of Jehovah, but also the celestial luminaries; and the stars, imagined in the East to be animated intelligences, presiding over human weal and woe, are identified with more distinctly impersonated messengers or angels, who execute the Divine decrees, and whose predominance in Heaven is in mysterious correspondence and relation with powers and dominions of the Earth…The Elohoim originally included not only foreign superstitious forms , but also all that host of Heaven which was revealed in poetry to shepherds of the desert, now as an encampment of warriors, now careering in chariots of fire , and now as winged messengers, ascending and descending the vault of heaven, to communicate the will of God to Mankind. The Eternal” says the Bereshith Rabba to Genesis, “ called forth Abraham and his posterity out of the dominion of the stars; by nature , the Israelite was a servent to the stars, and born under their influence, as are the heathen ; but by virtue of the law given on Mount Sinai, he became 38


liberated from this degrading servitude.”… Yet the astrological character is assigned even to Jehovah. He is described as seated on the pinnacle of the Universe, leading forth the Hosts of Heaven, and telling them unerringly by name and number. His stars are His sons and His eyes , which run through the whole world, keeping watch over men’s deeds. The stars and planets were properly the angels. In Pharisaic tradition , as in phraseology of the New Testament , the Heavenly Host appears as an Angelic Army divided into regiment and brigades”… An angelic and heavenly army is also noted from the same Qumran document. You will do battle against them from the heave[ns . ] 18[,, . ] upon them for confusion [ ] i9 20[ . ] Col. 12 For You have a multitude of holy ones in the heavens and hosts of angels in Your exalted dwelling to pr[aise] Your [name]. The chosen ones of the holy people …..together with Your holy ones [and] Your angels, and directing them Sin battle [so as to condemn] the earthly adversaries by trial with Your judgments. With the elect of heaven [they] shall prev[ail]. . For the Lord is holy, and the King of Glory is with us together with the holy ones. Migh[ty men and] a host of angels are with our commissioned forces. 9 The Hero of Wa[r] is with our company, and the host of His spirits is with our steps Michael He is the captain of the army of hosts of the Lord. He is seen in Joshua 5 :14 and will be discussed in more detail as we proceed. *If such a war were to occur it would not be the first time. In the Book of Judges the stars were said to have fought in courses. The Zohar tells us that two stars actually switched places in this episode. To understand what’s really being discussed here the reader will need the background information provided below.

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BELIAL “At the beginning of the undertaking of the sons of light, they shall start against the lot of the sons of darkness, the army of Belial…so that wickedness shall be laid low…” (The War of the Sons of Light with the Sons of Darkness, translation from Burrows. ) DRACO=BELIAL

The term Belial evidently also applies to the celestial dragon, also known as Bel or Beliar . He is representative of Satan or the Devil. Masonic Handbook 499-500 The army of Belial is the army of the Prince of Darkness. The negative element is pictured as a serpent in Genesis , and in the heavens as the constellation Draco. 1. The eclipses of the sun and moon were believed by the orientals to be caused by the assaults of a dæmon in dragon-form; and they endeavored to scare away the intruder by shouts and menaces. This was the original Leviathan or Crooked Serpent of old, transfixed in the olden time by the power of Jehovah, and suspended as a glittering trophy in the sky; yet also the Power of Darkness supposed to be ever in pursuit of the Sun and Moon. ... The northern constellation Draco, whose sinuosities wind like a river through the wintry bear, was made the astronomical cincture of the Universe, as the serpent encircles the mundane egg in Egyptian hieroglyphics “ And according to the Jewish and Persian belief, the Dragon would, in the latter days, the Winter of time, enjoy a short period of licensed impunity, which would be a season of the greatest suffering to the people of the earth; but he would finally be bound or destroyed in the great battle of Messiah….Near the image of Rhea, in the Temple of Bel at Babylon, were two large serpents of silver, says Diodorus, each weighing thirty talents; and in the same temple was an image of Juno, holding in her right hand the head of a serpent. The Greeks called Bel Beliar; and Hesychius interprets that word to mean a dragon or great serpent. We learn from the book of Bel and the Dragon that in Babylon was kept a great, live serpent, which the 40


people worshipped. The recognition of a moral and physical dualism in nature was adverse to the doctrine of Divine Unity... The simpler, and probably the older, notion, treated the one only God as the Author of all things. “I form the light,” says Jehovah, “and create darkness; I cause prosperity and create evil; I, the Lord, do all these things.” John the Revelator also spoke of Draco; Revelation 12:3. And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. Seven Heads. Draco was considered to have seven heads (ie the Dragons and other serpents now shown in the Zodaic include; three held by Hercules. Hydra, Hydras, and Serpentarius Hydras is later apparition. Lepus was once shown as a serpent BELIAL=LUCIFER BELIAL IN THE PIT The War Scroll states; 1. You sent an angel of light from of old to assist us. You made Belial for the pit

REV 12 :7-9 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels. And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him These words fit nicely into the Qumran theme. And there was war in heaven: Michael This identifies the star Akram ,meaning war. The battle of the equinoxes is here implied Equinoxes and Solstices help show the theme for these three subjects.\ THE SUN A UNIVERSAL DIETY 41


Around the central and simple idea of the annual death and resurrection of the Sun a multitude of circumstantial details soon clustered. ..p. 449In the projection of the celestial sphere by the astronomical priests, the zodiac and constellations, arranged in a circle, presented their halves in diametrical opposition; and the hemisphere of Winter was said to be adverse, opposed, contrary, to that of Summer. Over the angels of the latter ruled a king (OSIRIS or ORMUZD), enlightened, intelligent, creative, and beneficent. Over the fallen angels or evil genii of the former, the demons or Devs of the subterranean empire of darkness and sorrow, and its stars, ruled also a chief. In Egypt the Scorpion first ruled… the Evil Principle …The Sun does not arrive at the same moment in each year at the equinoctial point on the equator. The explanation of his anticipating that point belongs to the science of astronomy; and to that we refer you for it. …The precession amounts to 30° or a sign, in 2155.6 years. So that, as the sun now enters Pisces at the Vernal Equinox, he entered Aries at that period, 300 years B. C., and Taurus 2455 B. C. p. 450

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Matthew was quoting from a prophecy in Isaiah 7: 13-16 . • Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. • Matthew believe Jesus, born of a virgin, to be the fulfillment of this prophecy • Matt 1v23 • The Jewish commentary explains the name Immanuel in the Isaiah text to mean • Immanuel –lit. God is with us. That is to say our Rock shall be with us, and this is the sign.

The cornerstone -is also the rock Isa.7:13-16 This refers to the coming Messiah. Christians believe this is Y’shua/Jesus . Jews suggest it is the rock. In this study we will see the rock as a sign of the virgin that will conceive. Here the virgin Jerusalem becomes a present tense sign, of the virgin in the future that will give birth to the Messiah.

WAR PREDICTED FOR ISRAEL *Also see Theosophical Dictionary Isaiah’s prophecy depicts a future time when Assyria and Egypt would come in to play again on the world stage. In the future or “days that have not come” people will look to the Lord of hosts as “a stone of stumbling or a rock of offence: Isa. 7:17-18. The Lord shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria. As a confederacy, prepares to come against Israel. Council is to be taken concerning the Lord of Hosts as a stone of stumbling… 44


Isa. 8:13-15 The Lord of hosts, Him shall you hallow. Let him be your fear let him be your dread. He will be as a sanctuary. But a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense to both of the houses of Israel. As a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble . They shall fall and be broken be snared and taken. Isa. 9:6-7. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, the everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.” Isa. 9:10-18 Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.. Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken…. thus saith the Lord Jehovah, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone of sure foundation: he that believeth on him, shall not be in haste. What is the message? The Theological Dictionary states: There are 70 ancient manuscripts that read this way, however, the Masoric text reads differently. It does not contain the words "in him”. The Jews accept the Masoric interpretation, while Christians do not. The text infers we must honor the lord of hosts as a rock of offence. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken. The subject of the stone continues relating it to a child to be born.

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BABYLON-Jeremiah Declare among the nations, Bel is confounded…the portion of Jacob is not like them he is my battle axe. JER.51:10.“The Lord hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the Lord our God.” Proposition: Jeremiah speaks about a request to “ let us declare in Zion the work of the Lord”, in connection to the present events. This work is called the “face of Jacob ” in Isa.29 Isaiah spoke of a sign; We can only see it when we turn a map upside down. It is an image which, he refers to as “the work “and it is “in Zion” . ISAIAH 29,11 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as potters clay; for shall the work say of him who made it he made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him who made it he had no understanding?

The Face and the Holy One  22-23

Therefore thus saith the Lord, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.

 But

when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.

Congruencies between Jerusalem and Babylon -. The hand the sea the face and the name

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(Messianic Idea, 121-3). • 4 The destruction of the Temple thus shattered the unity of YHWH and dispersed the collectivity of Israel only in order to weave together the unity of all the Nations in His Name

YHVH was the soul BODY of The MESSIAH God placed his name upon the rock. Scripture links the name to the Holy One, This name was said to be the soul body of the Messiah The Holy One.The Zohar uses the literal translation of genesis to tell the story. Zohar Vol. pg 68And God said Let there be light; and there was light. From this point we can begin to discover hidden things relating to the creation of the world in detail… Zohar Vol. pg69. Hence “and God said: opens means the above mentioned palace generated from the holy seed which was pregnant While it brought forth in silence…it became the voice which was heard, to wit, “Let there be light.”Whatever was issued came forth under this category. The word “Yehi” (let there be ) indicates the union of the Father and the Mother… light; and there was light. These words indicate there had already been light. This word “aur” (light) contains in itself a hidden significance. ..the secret supernal either opened a path primordial point. The expansive force proceeded from the hidden recesses of the secret supernal ether opened a path and produced from itself a mysterious point…Yod Zohar Vol. Pg 70 This dot of the word awr is light…Afterwards darkness issued… “Let there be light.” to wit El Gadol (great god) that which emerged was from primordial ether. Who Else agrees - John 11 in the beginning was the word…made flesh…he was the light Next we should take a look at the words of the Apostle Paul as he goes through Isa. Point by point , commenting about the stone, in the Book of Romans Paul- the seed in the rock-. The stone of StumblinG.

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30 What shall we say, then? That Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness have attained it, that is, a righteousness that is by faith; 31 but that Israel who pursued a law that would lead to righteousness did not succeed in reaching that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone, 33 as it is written,”Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense; and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.” This must occur literally. 1. Adam was made from dust on Mount Zion, which was on the Temple mount and thus part of the image itself. 2. Adam sinned and lost to the serpent Jacob regained the image for himself Another way of explaining this wonderful truth is the after Adam sinned he was naked and ashamed. In order that mankind might learnd of the Holy One and the seed in the Root of Jesse. Isaiah said, “ Jacob is not ashamed”.

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The Zohar • Here we receive a hint of a great controversy of the union of God and the Jerusalem who was to be his virgin bride. There is a unique combination of various particulars God placed the seed of mankind within. Here a very personal perspective is given. Suggestions include a splendid selection of graphics in a story book setting.

• .

THE ANTICHRIST The Hebrew word for face is “Peniel” . It means “ the face of God”. · This word also means; “To appear at eventide” and “ fear the 48

But when his children see the work of my hands in the midst of them they shall sanctify the Holy One of Israel.


forefront of the face.” In the forefront of the face the land forms a picture of a male member. Here we will soon see how God gave honor to the least comely parts. The seed of the Holy One is in the rock. The Hebrew word for rock is aben it means father and son. The Holy one is like the seed of the testicle. This Phallic symbol sits within the valley of Jerusalem, which formed the outline of a female arrow case. sits within the valley of Jerusalem, which formed the outline of a female arrow case. It is in the act of begetting To get the big picture all the gates are labeled: 1. There are two rocks, which form the testicles 2. Water Gate*; is placed at the appropriate placed and means Semen juice or urine. 3 Hezekiah’s tunnel formed a line of circumcision access the phallus. 4. Muster Gate; deposit enjoin, deliver to keep 5. Valley Gate; Mount up, be risen, grow up lifting up, exalt. 6. Nearby was Enrogel; meaning see the piss 7. It is also next to En Gihon; virgin spring; gush forth, take out to issue 8 Millo; Replenish, overflow, the Gate 9. East Gate; Itch, Scrape 10. The tunnel leads to the pool of Siloam meaning; Grow long, plant, sow, shoot missile, stretch forth, put in, put out.

THE STONE A SIGN OF NOAH God gave Noah a covenant after the flood that he would not again destroy the earth by flood. This covenant was related to the stone. The flood was caused not only from rain but also from the fountains of the deep. This fount is mentioned in the Genesis account. “God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged; the fountains also of the deep and windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven were strained. THE FOUNT AND THE STONE The Midrash gives us more information. It states: King David did some digging on to prepare the Mount for the Temple. He found a 49


stone with some markings on it. He was concerned that someone had been on this Ground before and perhaps defiled it. God told him the stone was known by Noah it held down the fount of the earth. This was the fount that flooded the earth in the days of Noah. That is to say water from the flood of Noah came partly from rain above and also from the fount of the abyss below this stone.

The Rock-THE SIGN OF HIS COMING? Kronos-Hesiod linked the term with “ Chronos” meaning time. Here the microprosophus, was an example of Father Time eating all his own children. Myths were a way to tell truth The face would eat all mankind. This is technically true according to Hebrew tradition, for after death says the Zohar -the souls of all men return back to the tunnels of Jerusalem, as thought they are eaten by the face.

AS IT WAS IN THE DAYS OF NOAH When Jesus was asked what would be the time of his coming and of the end of the age he mentioned rock as he mentioned Noah. Matthew 24:37-39. But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Many have wondered how eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage could be the sign of any age being that men must always eat and drink and give in marriage. However if Jesus was referring to the stone when he said these words new meaning can be applied. eating and drinking …The stone is positioned within the mouth of the face of the Microprosophus… Cronos ate the stone. marrying and giving in marriage…The stone is positioned within 50


the clay earth in the form of male member in relation to the female. Here we recall the words of Paul “Christ is the head…God has given honor to the least comely parts” “Kronos”Ate the foundation stone. “Kronos devours his offspring. And believing that this fateful news could be averted, he started to swallow his offspring at birth. But once the procedure had been repeated several times, her wife … feeling for her children as Gaia for her own, deceived her husband by wrapping a stone in clothes and giving it to him to swallow, as if it were the newborn child Zeus.” Gaia for her own, deceived her husband by wrapping a stone…. Gaia means Earth gave a stone representing Zues (Life and Savior) Jesus. Hezus (In him was life) According to one account: He spit it up and it became the Milky Way… That is to say Jesus would be raise to the heavens.

Isaiah 29 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as potters clay ; for shall the work say of him who made it he made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him who made it he had no understanding A photo of Zion upside shows profile of a mans face Isaiah refers to the face as the face of Jacob. “concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face wax pale

1 Eating + Drinking The Temple is located in the mouth of the Microprsophus ie The face of Jacob All the food and drink offerings are given in type to the face. The alter had horns of ivory which were to represent teeth of the image. 51


The laver represented the water, like unto saliva. The porch was call “ulam” meaning “the tongue” The Temple incense alter had four horns and according to the Midrash represented the larynx.(When a person speaks loudly blood is placed on the larynx). The high Priest would speak loudly on Yom Kipper saying the name of God. He would sprinkle the blood on the incense alter (representing the larynx). The Holy of Holies was called the oracle- representing the back portion of the tongue. 2. Giving in marriage. Zohar--And God said, “Let there be light”. From this point we begin to discover the hidden things relating to the creation of the world in detail….When …energy had been extended from the supernal palace alluded to in the supernal name Eloihim, the term saying is used in connection to it in the words… “and God said”, means that the above palace generated from the holy seed with which it was pregnant. THE WORD John spoke of Jesus as the word: In the beginning was the WORD, and the WORD was with God, and the WORD was God He was speaking of Y’Shua or Yehoshua This relates to the WORD YHVH placed on the rock by of offence by God Q. Is there a rock? A. YES. It is the cornerstone for the Earth

Job- The Foundation Stone "Where wast thou, when I laid the foundation of the earth? Declare, since thou hast such knowledge! Who fixed its dimensions, since thou knowest? Or who stretched out the line upon it? Upon what were its foundations fixed? And who laid its corner-stone, When the morning stars sang together, And all the sons of God shouted for joy?"

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The Jewish Talmud also tells us about this stone in ZionJerusalem on the Temple Mount (Zion). A stone Shethia. We learned in a Boratha: The word Shethia means, that the universe has been created from it as Shethia means foundation. This is according to him who says that from Zion the world began to be created. The Holy One, blessed be He, threw a stone into the sea, and there from. As it is written;“ Upon what are her foundation -pillars placed at rest? Or who threw her a corner -stone. O.K. then Jesus is the cornerstone, so he must be “THE WORD” right? IN THE BEGINNING WAS “THE WORD” In the following discussion let us begin to analyze the term Holy One and see how it is THE WORD on THE ROCK which is the soul body of the Messiah and will prove to beY’shuah or Yehosha (The one we’ve called Jesus). WELL OF THE SOULS The Dome of the Rock holds a stone that the Muslims have believed to be the foundation stone. A legend they tell state that when the Earth was created God placed all the souls of mankind in the well beneath the stone and when the well would become empty the Earth would be over. But according to the Jews this is not the rock it is somewhere else. Deuteronomy 32 seems to agree saying; “Our rock is not their rock.”

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YHVH- VERTICAL • By placing the four letters of the Tetragrammaton,YHVH, in a vertical column, a figure closely resembling the human body is produced: Yod the head, the first He the arms and shoulders, Vau the torso of the body, and the final He the hips and legs. This is the Divine Name as Adam Qadmon.

WORD is the LORD Whenever we see the word Lord in the bible it is the name of God YHVH. Placing the Letters vertically there is the image of a man. But how exactly does this relate to the rock and Y’shua?

M. MACGREGOR MATHERSd: • “It is the Quaternary in Nature, the four letters of the Holy Name, I.H.V.H., the Tetragrammaton, Jehovah, which with the addition of the letter of the Holy Spirit, Shin, becomes Yeheshuah, or Y’shua the Name of the Messiah.”

Kabbalah Christian perspective: Kabbalah Christians have seen the name to be representative of Jesus whose true name was Y’shua or Yehoshuah. (Y’shua is the shortened form of the name like the name Rich and Richard). Scripture tells us the YHVH is the Holy One i.e. the Messiah 54


For so says the Lord YHVH, the Holy One of Israel,(Isa 30:15) - "For I am YHVH your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior; (Isa 43:3) And the nations shall know that I am YHVH, the Holy One in Israel. (Eze 39:7) 2. Concerning the Christian perspective- the one who the gentiles seek is Y’shu / Jesus who said “I come in my Father’s name.” This agrees with the New Testament: Matthew 23:39 "For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say, 'BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!'" Mark 11:9 Those who went in front and those who followed were shouting: "Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD; Luke 13:35 "Behold, your house is left to you desolate; and I say to you, you will not see Me until the time comes when you say, 'BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!'" Luke 19:38 shouting: "BLESSED IS THE KING WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD; Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!" John 12:13 took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, "Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD, even the King of Israel The words of the Apostle Paul Part 1.The study of this rock leads to its geography of the location.- I Cor. 12. The Apostle Paul discusses it saying that “Christ is the head…and God has given honor to the least comely parts” In the Book of Romans, Paul discusses the seed and the stone in depth. According to Paul’s interpretation of Isa. it is only because of this seed in this stone that Israel will not be like Sodom and Gomorrah. As we read Paul’s words we realize he is quoting from the same parts in Isaiah that we have been discussing we begin to see what he is talking about. By lining the subject up line upon line precept upon precept we can 55


see that Paul is speaking of these same subjects we’ve discussed in examine the similarities of Paul’s text at in other ancient documents. PAUL’S WORDS UNDERSTOOD Paul quoting Isa lets us know that this seed will save Israel. ROMANS 27 And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will be saved, 28 for the Lord will carry out his sentence upon the earth fully and without delay.” 29 And as Isaiah predicted, “If the Lord of hosts had not left us seed, we would have been like Sodom and become like Gomorrah.” This seed is the seed that will save Israel it is part of the root of Jesse which will gather the Tribes of Israel to return. As bee of Assyria threatens to attack Judah, the tribes of Israel will return. To begin with this we must begin to discuss body parts All over the world the story of body parts-creation. Astronomy and anatomy, Temple and man. Acted out in Ceremony, and in relationship to the heavenly testimony. Assad thinks nothing of this small army and does not choose to fight Isa. 29. Afterwards we will them . Then the noise from the music cause his horse to fall in the pit. And the army of the Lord has a snare for those climbing out of the pit.

Chapter 17 1They raised me up into a certain place, where there was (28) the appearance of a burning fire; and when they pleased they assumed the likeness of men.

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(28) Where there was. Or, "where they [the angels] were like" (Knibb, p. 103). 2They carried me to a lofty spot, to a mountain, the top of which reach to heaven. JERUSALEM / CELESTIAL COMPARISON 3And I beheld the receptacles of light and of thunder at the extremities of the place, where it was deepest. THE PIT There was a bow of fire, and arrows in their quiver, a sword of fire, and every species of lightning. 4Then they elevated me to a babbling stream, The point of the rock (29) and to a fire in the west, which received all the setting of the sun. The fire of the Jordon and the Eridanus above I came to a river of fire, which flowed like water, and emptied itself into the great sea westwards. The Mediteranena? (29) To a babbling stream. Literally, "to water of life, which spoke" (Laurence, p. 23). From the stone 5I saw every large river, until I arrived at the great darkness. I went to where all of flesh migrate; and I beheld the mountains of the gloom which constitutes winter, and the place from which issues the water in every abyss. 6I saw also the mouths of all the rivers in the world, and the mouths of the deep. The Dead Sea Chapter 18 1I then surveyed the receptacles of all the winds, perceiving that they contributed to adorn the whole creation, and to preserve the foundation of the earth. THE STONE 2I surveyed the stone which supports the corners of the earth. Foundation stone

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3I also beheld the four winds, which bear up the earth, and the firmament of heaven. 4And I beheld the winds occupying the exalted sky. 5Arising in the midst of heaven and of earth, and constituting the pillars of heaven. 6I saw the winds which turn the sky, which cause the orb of the sun and of all the stars to set; and over the earth I saw the winds which support the clouds. 7I saw the path of the angels. 8I perceived at the extremity of the earth the firmament of heaven above it. Then I passed on towards the south; 9Where burnt, both by day and night, six mountains formed of glorious stones; three towards the east, and three towards the south. 10Those which were towards the east were of a variegated stone; one of which was of margarite, and another of antimony. Those towards the south were of a red stone. The middle one reached to heaven like the throne of God; a throne composed of alabaster, the top of which was of sapphire. I saw, too, a blazing fire hanging over all the mountains. Cephus -lion ox eagle man 11And there I saw a place on the other side of an extended territory, where waters were collected. 12I likewise beheld terrestrial fountains, deep in the fiery columns of heaven. 13And in the columns of heaven I beheld fires, which descended without number, but neither on high, nor into the deep. Over these fountains also I perceived a place which had neither the firmament of heaven above it, nor the solid ground underneath it; neither was there water above it; nor anything on wing; but the spot was desolate. 14And there I beheld seven stars, like great blazing mountains, and like spirits entreating me. The Pleaides 15Then the angel said, This place, until the consummation of heaven and earth, will be the prison of the stars, and the host of heaven. As is above so is below 16The stars which roll over fire are those which transgressed the commandment of God before their time arrived; for they came not in their proper season. Therefore was He offended with them, and bound them, until the period of the consummation of their crimes in the secret year. 58


2015 Chapter 20 1These are the names of the angels who watch. 2Uriel, one of the holy angels, who presides over clamor and terror. 3Raphael, one of the holy angels, who presides over the spirits of men. 4Raguel, one of the holy angels, who inflicts punishment on the world and the luminaries. 5Michael, one of the holy angels, who, presiding over human virtue, commands the nations. 6Sarakiel, one of the holy angels, who presides over the spirits of the children of men that transgress. 7Gabriel, one of the holy angels, who presides over Ikisat, (31) over paradise, and over the cherubim. (31) Ikisat. The serpents (Charles, p. 92; Knibb, p. 107). When Assyria attacks we will have seven shepherds and eight principal men.

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NOW IS THE TIME The Talmud (Sukkah 29a) declares: "An eclipse of the sun is a bad omen for the world." Who can appoint a Day? Isaiah the prophet asked. I’d like to answer this because I believe I can. It is March 20.2015 Joel discusses the day of the Lord as a solar eclipse Jeremiah set the Month Putting these together The answer must appear in the text. After a series of cluse he lets us no the event must take place on March 20,2015 It seems from his clus it will be the time of a Neb tide . This occurs on March 20th. And by an od coincidence this is the date of a Solar Eclipse that Rabbis feel could be very significant. If there are to be signs in the sky then certainly Is this the appointed Time? Never before in the histroy of the earth has an event ;like this occurred. And the only time the heavens have done anything like it were in 1947 and 1067 marking the birth of Rabbi Meir said in a recent commentary: “When the luminaries are in eclipse, it is a bad omen for Israel.” A solar eclipse is a bad sign of trouble for the world and a lunar eclipse is a sign of trouble for Israel Acts 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come: During a solar exclipse ps83:13 O my God, make them like whirling dust, ... with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring Matt. 24:29 KJV "distress of nations in perplexity at the roaring of the sea and the waves" 62


Luke n 21:25 KJV And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; For centuries, scholars have attempted to ascertain the meaning of this prophecy. Jewish tradition and beliefs may help us explain this passage. In 1996, Israel celebrated the 3,000th year anniversary of Jerusalem - from King David’s conquest in 1004 B.C. to A.D. 1996 On Passover, April 3, 1996, a full lunar eclipse appeared over Jerusalem. A photograph of this eclipse appeared in the Jerusalem Post with the caption, “The Moon of Blood.” When a full lunar eclipse appears, the moon takes on a reddish, almost bloody appearance. On September 26 of the same year, a second lunar eclipse created a blood-like image and was visible in Jerusalem on the eve of the Feast of Tabernacles. A third lunar eclipse (90%) happened six months later during PURIM, the celebration to remember how the famed Jewish Queen Esther defeated the wicked plans of Haman. Thus, THREE lunar eclipses occurring within one year on or near three Jewish celebration days is almost unheard of. These three “blood moons,” caused tremendous excitement and anxiety among rabbis in Israel, according to the same article. A blood moon, which appeared twice the same year and fell on the first and last feast of Israel, indicated to them this was a cosmic sign from God of impending trouble in Israel. The ancient belief was that a blood moon (lunar eclipse) could symbolize BLOODSHED and WAR. Acts 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come: Daniel 11:43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all

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the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. Ezekiel 32:7-8 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. [8] All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord God. These three nations, Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia, will be affected bt the Antichrist. Ezekiel 30:4-6 -And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down. [5] Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword. [6] Thus saith the Lord; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord God. Ezekiel 30:18 -At Tehaphnehes (EGYPT) also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity. Isaiah 17 speaks of the day “Damascus is taken away from being a city” also noting “ at that time shalt thou plant pleasant plants (grapes), and shalt set it with strange slips The fact that the purple grape hyacinth blooms beginning in February and March helps us to estimate the date. Scripture speaks of a Lion that will rise from the Jorden If Assad whose name means” Lion “ is this lion the date this will occur is March 20, 2015 He is also called the grapegather that will attack Jerusalem on the Day of the Lord. And in a series of he describes the day leading to the end of the riddle he asks who can appoint me a time . this is a challenge and it has to have an answer. Part of the answer is hidden in the text. By reading the key words line upon line and precept upon precept we cpme to a matchin tect

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next we put the two together they work like a mathimatical siv and of course, we have a date Joel also declares this day as on that will have a solar eclipse For those who whould understand he is speaking of a Solar Eclipse. Thus can be the waves roring and on what dat 6 Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the Lord God of Israel. :11 In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow Joel tells us the Day of the Lord will accompany a Solar Nova and the only Solar Nova would qualify takes place on March 20.2015, Isa. 17 1 Speaks of the day , that the grapes,This Syrian army must eat sour grapes as they go down the river. It is in this war that the leader of Syria /Assad? will leave his capitol in Damascus as it is being bombed in the coming events. He will then take his Army down the Jordan river banks at night . The ruler of Syria and his army must eat sour grapes . and it shall be a ruinous heap 2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken The cities of Aroer ‌Southern cities of Syria once territory of Manasseh and Gad will be for tribes of Israel 3 The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, Syria Dictator Assad is the kingdom of Damascus Bombs Krak Des Chevaliers Castle (fortress)... and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the Lord of hosts. Israel will inherit it. 4 And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean. 1948 Israel received only a part of their land and though they regained some they are waxed thin in that others are claiming or taking territory 6 Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the Lord God of Israel. Almost all the grapes will be taken by Syria

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7 At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel. Give honor to the Holy One. The YHVH 9 In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of Israel: and there shall be desolation. his strong cities be as a forsaken ...Damascus and Aleppo and Hom are Syrias three strongest cities..being attacked by Assad and his enemies now. Isaiah 17 The Shmita (Sabbatical) cycle and the Yovel (Jubilee) cycle begin – With the beginning of the month of Tishri in a Shmita or Yovel year, it is forbidden by the Torah to plow or plant in the land of Israel. King James Version (KJV) 17 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts. 4 And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean. 5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim. 6 Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel. Olives are picked in Jan –Feb-but he uttermost bough would be still there in March !10 11

thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips: the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow. 12 Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters! 11 In

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13 The

nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind. 14 And behold at eveningtide trouble; and before the morning he is not. This is the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us. INTRODUCTION The best way that I can think of to give you an introduction to this topics. is to have you read the 1 Qm. War Scroll. War Scroll (1QM) eschatological war. (1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6) 67

The description of the

COL I For the In[structor, the Rule of] the War. The first attack of the Sons of Light shall be undertaken against the forces of the Sons of Darkness, the army of Belial: the troops of Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], Philistia, and the troops of the Kittim of Asshur. Supporting them are those who have violated the covenant. The sons of Levi, the sons of Judah, and the sons of Benjamin, those exiled to the wilderness, shall fight against them with [...] against all their troops, when the exiles of the Sons of Light return from the Wilderness of the Peoples to camp in the Wilderness of Jerusalem. Then after the battle they shall go up from that place a[nd tile king of; the Kittim [shall enter] into Egypt. In his time he shall go forth with great wrath to do battle against the kings of the north, and in his anger he shall set out to destroy and eliminate the strength of I[srael. Then the]re shall be a time of salvation for the People of God, and a time of dominion for all the men of His forces, and eternal annihilation for all the forces of Belial. There shall be g[reat] panic [among] the sons of Japheth, Assyria shall fall with no one to come to his aid, and the supremacy of the Kittim shall cease that wickedness be


overcome without a remnant. There shall be no survivors of (7) [all the Sons of] Darkness. (8) Then [the Sons of Rig]hteousness shall shine to all ends of the world continuing to shine forth until end of the appointed seasons of darkness. Then at the time appointed by God, His great excellence shall shine for all the times of (9) e[ternity;] for peace and blessing, glory and joy, and long life for all Sons of Light. On the day when the Kittim fall there shall be a battle and horrible carnage before the God of (10) Israel, for it is a day appointed by Him from ancient times as a battle of annihilation for the Sons of Darkness. On that day the congregation of the gods and the congregation of men shall engage one another, resulting in great carnage. (11) The Sons of Light and the forces of Darkness shall fight together to show the strength of God with the roar of a great multitude and the shout of gods and men; a day of disaster. It is a time (12) of distress fo[r al]l the people who are redeemed by God. In all their afflictions none exists that is like it, hastening to its completion as an eternal redemption. On the day of their battle against the Kittim, (13) they shall g[o forth for] carnage in battle. In three lots the Sons of Light shall stand firm so as to strike a blow at wickedness, and in three the army of Belial shall strengthen themselves so as to force the retreat of the forces (14) [of Light. And when the] banners of the infantry cause their hearts to melt, then the strength of God will strengthen the he[arts of the Sons of Light.] In the seventh lot : the great hand of God shall overcome (15) [Belial and al]l the angels of his dominion, and all the men of [his forces shall be destroyed forever]. The annihilation of the Sons of Darkness and service to God during the war years. (16) [,...] the holy ones shall shine forth in support of [...] the truth for the annihilation of the Sons of Darkness. Then [...] (17) [...] a great [r]oar [...] they took hold of the implement[s of war.] (18) [...] (19) [... chiefs of the tribes ... and the priests, (20)[the Levites, the chiefs of the tribes, the fathers of the congregation ... the priests and thus for the Levites and the courses of the heads 68


of] Col. 2 (1) the congregation's clans, fifty-two. They shall rank the chiefs of the priests after the Chief Priest and his deputy; twelve chief priests to serve (2) in the regular offering before God. The chiefs of the courses, twenty-six, shall serve in their courses. After them the chiefs of the Levites serve continually, twelve in all, one (3) to a tribe. The chiefs of their courses shall serve each man in his office. The chiefs of the tribes and fathers of the congregation shall support them, taking their stand continually at the gates of the sanctuary. (4) The chiefs of their courses, from the age of fifty upwards, shall take their stand with their commissioners on their festivals, new moons and Sabbaths, and on every day of the year. (5) These shall take their stand at the burnt offerings and sacrifices, to arrange the sweet smelling incense according to the will of God, to atone for all His congregation, and to satisfY themselves before Him continually (6) at the table of glory. All of these they shall arrange at the time of the year of remission. During the remaining thirty-three years of the war the men of renown, (7) those called of the Congregation, and all the heads of the congregation's clans shall choose for themselves men of war for all the lands of the nations. From ail tribes of Israel they shall prepare (8) capable men for themselves to go out for battle according to the summons of the war, year by year. But during the years of remission they shall not ready men to go out for battle, for it is a Sabbath (9) of rest for Israel. During the thirty-five years of service the war shal1 be waged. For six years the whole congregation shall wage it together, (10) and a war of divisions shall be waged during the twenty-nine remaining years. In the first year they shall fight against Mesopotamia, in the second against the sons of Lud, in the third (11) they shall fight against the rest of the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Togar, and Mesha, who are beyond the Euphrates. In the fourth and fifth they shall fight against the sons of Arpachshad, (12) in the sixth and seventh they shall fight against all the sons of 69


Assyria and Persia and the easterners up to the Great Desert. In the eighth year they shall fight against the sons (13) of Elam, in the ninth year they shall fight against the sons of Ishmael and Keturah, and during the following ten years the war shall be divided against all the sons of Ham (14) according to [their] c[lans and] their [terri]tories. During the remaining ten years the war shall be divided against all [sons of Japhe]th according to their territories. The description of the trumpets. (15) [The Rule of the Trumpets: the trumpets] of alarm for all their service for the [...] for their commissioned men, (16) [by tens of thousands and thousands and hundreds and fifties] and tens. Upon the t[rumpets ...] (17) [...] (18) [...] (19) [...] (20)[... they shall write ... the trumpets of] (1) (2)

(3)

(4)

(5) (6)

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Col. 3 the battle formations, and the trumpets for assembling them when the gates of the war are opened so that the infantry might advance, the trumpets for the signal of the slain, the trumpets of the ambush, the trumpets of pursuit when the enemy is defeated, and the trumpets of reassembly wben the battle returns. On the trumpets for the assembly of the congregation they shall write, "The called of God." On the trumpets for the assembly of the chiefs they shall write, "The princes of God." On the trumpets of the formaons they shall write, "The rule of God." On the trumpets of the men of renown [they shall write], "The heads of the congregation's clans." Then when they are assembled at the house of meeting, they shal1 write, "The testimonies of God for a holy congregation." On the trumpets of the camps they shall write, "The peace of God in the camps of His saints." On the trumpets for their campaigns they shall write, "The mighty deeds of God to scatter the enemy and to put all those who hate justice to flight and a withdrawal of mercy from all who hate God." On the trumpets of the battle formations they shall write,


"Formations of the divisions of God to avenge His anger on all Sons of Darkness." (7) On the trumpets for assembling the infantry when the gates of war open that they might go out against the battle line of the enemy, they shall write, "A remembrance of requital at the appointed time (8) of God." On the trumpets of the slain they shall write, "The hand of the might of God in battle so as to bring down all the slain because of unfaithfulness." On the trumpets of ambush they shall write, (9) "Mysteries of God to wipe out wickedness." On the trumpets of pursuit they shall write, "God has struck all Sons of Darkness, He shall not abate His anger until they are annihilated." (10) When they return from battle to enter the formation, they shall write on the trumpets of retreat, "God has gathered." On the trumpets for the way of return (11) from battle with the enemy to enter the congregation in Jerusalem, they shall write, "Rejoicings of God in a peaceful return." The description of the banners. (13) Rule of the banners of the whole congregation according to their formations. On the grand banner which is at the head of all the people they shall write, "People of God," the names "Israel" (14) and "Aaron," and the names of the twelve tribes of Israel according to their order of birth. On the banners of the heads of the "camps" of three tribes (15) they shall write, "the Spirit [of God," and the names of three tribes. O]n the banner of each tribe they shall write, "Standard of God," and the name of the leader of the t[ribe] (16) of its clans. [... and] the name of the leader of the ten thousand and the names of the chief[s of ...] (17) [...] his hundreds. On the banner [...] (18) [...] (19) [...] (20)[...] Col. 4 (1) On the banner of Merari they shall write, "The Offering of God," and the name of the leader of Merari and the names of the chiefs of his thousands. On the banner of the tho[us]and they shall write, "The Anger of God is loosed against (2) Belial and all the men of his forces without remnant," and the name 71


of the chief of the thousand and the names of the chiefs of his hundreds. And on the banner of the hundred they shall write, "Hundred (3) of God, the power of war against a sinful flesh," arid the name of the chief of the hundred and the names of the chiefs of his tens. And on the banner of the fifty they shall write, "Ended (4) is the stand of the wicked [by] the might of God," and the name of the chief of the fifty and the names of the chiefs of his tens. And on the banner of the ten they shall write, "Songs of joy (5) for God on the ten-stringed harp," and the name of the chief of the ten and the names of the nine men in his command. (6) When they go to battle they shall write on their banners, "The truth of God," "The righteousness of God," "The glory of God," "The justice of God," and after these the list of their names in full. (7) When they draw near for battle they shall write on their banners, "The right hand of God," "The appointed time of God," "The tumult of God," "The slain of God"; after these their names in full. (8) When they return from battle they shall write on their banners, "The exaltation of God," "The greatness of God," "The praise of God," "The glory of God," with their names in full. (9) The Rule of the banners of the congregation: When they set out to battle they shall write on the first banner, "The congregation of God," on the second banner, "The camps of God," on the third, (10) "The tribes of God," on the fourth, "The clans of God," on the fifth, "The divisions of God," on the sixth, "The congregation of God," on the seventh, "Those called by (11) God," and on the eighth, "The army of God." They shall write their names in full with all their order. When they draw near for battle they shall write on their banners, (12) "The battle of God," "The recompense of God," "The cause of God," "The reprisal of God," "The power of God," "The retribution of God," "The might of God," "The annihilation by God of all the vainglorious nations." And (13) their names in full they shall write upon them. When they return from battle they shall write on their banners, "The deliverance of God," "The victory of God," "The help of God," "The support of God," (14) "The joy of God," "The thanksgivings of God," "The praise of God," 72


and "The peace of God." (15) [The Length of the Bann]ers. The banner of the whole congregation shall be fourteen cubits long; the banner of th[ree tribes' thir]teen cubits [long;] (16) [the banner of a tribe,] twelve cubits; the banner of ten thousand, eleve[n cubits; the banner of a thousand, ten cubits; the banner of a hu]ndred, [n]ine cubits; (17) [the banner of a fifty, ei]ght cubits; the banner of a ten, sev[en cubits . . . ]. (18) [...] (19) [...] (20)[...] The description of the shields. Col. 5 (1) and on the sh[ie]ld of the Leader of the whole nation they shall write his name, the names "Israel," "Levi," and "Aaron," and the names of the twelve tribes of Israel according to their order of birth, (2) and the names of the twelve chiefs of their tribes.

(3) (4) (5) (6)

(7)

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The description of the arming and deployment of the divisions. The rule for arranging the clivisions for war when their army is complete to make a forward battle line: the battle line shall be formed of one thousand men. There shall be seven forward rows to each battle line, arranged in order; the stahon of each man behind his fellow. All of them shall bear shields of bronze, polished like a face mirror. The shield shall be bound with a border of plaited work and a design of loops, the work of a skillful workman; gold, silver, and bronze bound together and jewels; a multicolored brocade. It is the work of a skillful workman, artistically done. The length of the shield shall be two and a half cubits, and its breadth a cubit and a half. In their hands they hold a lance and a sword. The length of the lance shall be seven cubits, of which the socket and the blade constitute half a cubit. On the socket there she be three bands engraved as a border of plaited


(8) work; of gold, silver, and Copper bound together like an artistically designed work. And in the loops of the de sign, on both sides of the band (9) all around, shall be precious stones, a multicolored brocade, the work of a skillful workman, artistically done, and an ear of grain. The socket shall be grooved between the bands like (10) a column, artistically done. The blade shall be of shining white iron, the work of a skillful workman, artistically done, and an ear of grain of pure gold inlaid in the blade; tapered towards (11) the point. The swords shall be of refined iron, purified in the furnace and polished like a face mirror, the work of a skillful workman, artistically done, with figures of ears of grain (17) of pure gold embossed on both sides. The borders shall go straight to the point, two on each side. The length of the sword shall be a cubit (13) and a half and its width four fingers. The scabbard shall be four thumbs wide and four handbreadths up to the scabbard. The scabbard shall be tied on either (14) side with thongs of five handbreadths. The handle of the sword shall be of choice horn, the work of a skillful workman, a varicolored design with gold and silver and precious stones. (16) And when the [... take their] stand, they shall arrange seven battle lines, one behind the other (17) [...] and there shall be a space [between ... t]hirty cubits, where the infan[try] shall stand (18) [...] forward [...] (19) [...] (20)[ . . . they shall sling] Col. 6 (1) seven times, and return to their position. After them, three divisions of infantry shall advance and stand between the battle lines. The first division shall heave into (2) the enemy battle line seven battle darts. On the blade of the first dart they shal1 write, "Flash of a spear for the strength of God." On the second weapon they shall write, (3) "Missiles of blood to fell the slain by the wrath of God." On the third dart they shall write, "The blade of a sword devours the slain of wickedness by the judgment of God." 74


(4) Each of these they shall throw seven times and then return to their position. After these, two divisions of infantry shall march forth and stand between the two battle lines, (5) the first division equipped with a spear and a shield and the second division with a shield and a sword; to bring down the slain by the judgment of God, to subdue the battle line (6) of the enemy by the power of God, and to render recompense for their evil for all the vainglorious nations. So the Kingship shall belong to the God of Israel, and by the holy ones of His people He shall act powerfully. The description of the deployment of the cavalry. (8) Seven rows of horsemen shall also take position at the right and at the 1eft of the battle line. Their ranks shall be positioned on both sides, seven hundred (9) horsemen on one side and seven hundred on the other. Two hundred horsemen shall go out with one thousand men of the battle line of the infantry, and thus (10) they shall take position on all sides of the camp. The total being four thousand six hundred men, and one thousand four hundred cavalry for the entire army arranged for the battle line; (11) fifty for each battle line. The horsemen with the cavalry of the men of the entire army, will be six thousand; five hundred to a tribe. All the cavalry that go out (12) to battle with the infantry shall ride stallions; swift, responsive, unrelenting, mature, trained for battle, (13) and accustomed to hearing noises and seeing all kinds of scenes. Those who ride them shall be men capable in battle, trained in horsemanship, the range (14) of their age from thirty to forty-five years. The horsemen of the army shall be from forty to fifty years old, and they (15) [...], helmets and greaves, carrying in their hands round shields and a lance eig[ht cubits long, ...] (16) [...] and a bow and arrows and battle darts, all of them prepared in [...] (17) [...] and to shed the blood of their guilty slain. These are the [...] (18) [...] (19) [...] (20)[...]

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(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

The recruitment and age of the soldiers. Col. 7 and the men of the army shall be from forty to fifty years old. The commissioners of the camps shall be from fifty to sixty years old. The officers shall-also be from forty to fifty years old. All those who strip the slain, plunder the spoil, cleanse the land, guard the arms, and he who prepares the provisions, all these shall be from twentyfive to thirty years old. No youth nor woman shall enter their encampments from the time they leave Jerusalem to go to battle until their return. No one crippled, blind, or lame, nor a man who has a permanent blemish on his skin, or a man affected with ritual uncleanness of shis flesh; none of these shall go with them to battle. All of them shall be volunteers for battle, pure of spirit and flesh, and prepared for the day of vengeance. Any man who is not ritually clean in respect to his genitals on the day of battle shall not go down with them into battle, for holy angels are present with their army. There shall be a distance between all their camps and the latrine of about two thousand cubits, and no shameful nakedness shall be seen in the environs of all their camps.

The ministry of the priests and Levites. (9) When the battle iines are arrayed against the enemy, battle line against battle line, there shall go forth from the middle opening into the gap between the battle lines seven (10) priests of the sons of Aaron, dressed in fine wlute linen garments: a linen tunic and linen breeches, and girded with a linen sash of twined fine linen, violet, (11) purple, and crimson, and a varicolored design, the work of a skillful workman, and decorated caps on their heads; the garments for battle, and they shall not take them into the sanctuary. (12) The one priest shall walk before all the men of the battle line to encourage them for battle. In the hands of the remaining six shall be (13) the trumpets of assembly, the trumpets of memorial, the trumpets of the alarm, the trumpets of pursuit, and the trumpets of reassembly. When the priests go out (14) into the gap between the battle lines, seven Levites shall go out with 76


them. In their hands shall be seven trumpets of rams' horns. Three officers from among the Levites shall walk before (15) the priests and the Levites. The priests shall blow the two trumpets of assem[bly ... of ba]ttle upon fifty shields, (16) and fifty infantrymen shall go out from the one gate and [...] Levites, officers. With (17) each battle line they shall go out according to all [this] o[rder.... men of the] infantry from the gates (18) [and they shall take positi]on between the two battle lines, and [...] the bat[tle ] (19) [...] (20)[...] Col. 8 (1) the trumpets shall blow continually to direct the slingmen until they have completed hurling seven (2) times. Afterwards the priests shall blow on the trumpets of return, and they shall go along the side of the first battle line (3) to take their position. The priests shall blow on the trumpets of assembly, and (4) the three divisions of infantry shall go out from the gates and stand between the battle lines, and beside them the cavalrymen, (5) at the right and at the left. The priests shall blow on their trumpets a level note, signals for the order of battle. (6) And the columns shall be deployed into their formations, each to his position. When they have positioned themselves in three formations, (7) the priests shall blow for them a second signal, a low legato note, signals for advance, until they draw near to (8) the battle line of the enemy and take hold of their weapons. Then the priests shall blow on the six trumpets (9) of the slain a sharp staccato note to direct the battle, and the Levites and all the people with rams' horns shall blow (10) a great battle alarm together in order to melt the heart of the enemy. With the sound of the alarm, (11) the battle darts shall fly out to bring down the slain. Then the sound of the rams' horns shall quiet, but on the tru[m]pets (12) the priests shall continue to blow a sharp staccato note to direct the signals of battle until they have hurled into the battle line (13) of the enemy seven times. Afterwards, the priests shall blow for 77


them the trumpets of retreat, (14) a low note, level and legato. According to this rule the [pr]iests shall blow for the three divisions. When (15) the first division throws, the [priests and the Levites and all the people with rams'] horns shall blow a great alarm (16) to direct the bat[tle until they have hurled seven times. Afterwards,] the priests [shall blow] for them (17) on the trumpe[ts of retreat ... and they shall take their stan]d in their positions in the battle line, (18) [...] and shall take up position (19) [... the sl]ain, (20)[and all the people with rams' horns shall blow a very loud battle alarm, and as the sound goes out] (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

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Col. 9 their hands shall begin to bring down the slain, and all the people shall quiet the sound of alarm, but the priests shall continue sounding on the trumpets of the slain to direct the fighting, until the enemy is defeated and turns in retreat. The priests shall blow the alarm to direct the battle, and when they have been defeated before them, the priests shall blow the trumpets of assembly, and all the infantry shall go out to them from the inidst of the front battle lines and stand, six divisions in addition to the division which is engaged in battle: altogether, seven battle lines, twenty-eight thousand soldiers, and six thousand horsemen. All these shall pursue in order to destroy the enemy in God's battle; a total annihilation The priests shall blow for them the trumpets of pursuit, and they shall divide themselves for a pursuit of annihilation against all the enemy. The cavalry shall push the enemy back at the flanks of the battle until they are destroyed. When the slain have fallen, the priests shall continue blowing from afar and shall not enter into the midst of the slain so as to be defiled by their unclean blood, for they are holy. They shall not allow the oil of their priestly anointment to be profaned with the blood of the vainglorious nations.


The description of the maneuvers of the battle divisions. (10) Rule for changing the order of the battle divisions, in order to arrange their position against [...] a pincer movement and towers, (11) lien arc and towers, and as it draws slowly forward, then the columns and the flanks go out from the [t]wo sides of the battle line [that] (12) the enemy might become discouraged. The shields of the soldiers of the towers shall be three cubits long, and their lances eight cubits l[on]g. The towers (13) shall go out from the battle line with one hundred shields on a side. F[or] they shall surround the tower on the three frontal sides, (14) three hundred shields in all. There shall be three gates to a tower, one on [the right and] one on the left. Upon all the shields of the tower soldiers (15) they shall write: on the first, "Mi[chae]l," [on the second, "Gabriel," on the third,] "Sariel," and on the fourth "Raphael." (16) "Michael" and "Gabriel" on [the right, and "Raphael" and "Raphael" on the left. (17) And [...] for to the four [... They] shall establish an ambush for the [battle line] of [...] (18) and [... they shall fal]l on the s[lain ...] (19) [...] (20)[...]

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 79

The address of the chiefpriest. Col. 10 of our camps, and to keep ourselves from any shameful nakedness, and he (Moses) told us that You are in our midst, a great and awesome God, plundering all of our enemies befo[re u]s. He taught us from of old through our generations, saying, when you approach the battle, the priest shall stand and speak unto the people, saying, "Hear O Israel, you are approaching the battle against your enemies today. Do not be afraid nor fainthearted. Do not trem[ble, no]r be terrified because of them, for your God goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, and to save you" (Deut. 20:2-4) Our [officers shall speak to all those prepared for battle, those Willing of heart, to strengthen them by the might of God, to turn back all who have who have lost heart, and to strengthen all the valiant


warriors together. They shall recount that which You slpoke] by the hand of Moses, saying: "And when there is a war (7) in your land against the adversary who attacks you, then yo[u] shall sound an alarm with the trumpets that you might be remembered before your God (8) and be saved from your enemies (Num. 10:9) The prayer of the chiefpriest. Who is like You, O God of Israel, in he[av]en and on earth, that he can perform in accordance with Your great works (9) and Your great strength. Who is like Your people Israel, whom You have chosen for Yourself from all the peoples of the lands; (10) the people of the saints of the covenant, learned in the statutes, enlightened in understan[ding ...] those who hear the glorious voice and see (11) the holy angels, whose ears are open; hearing deep things. [O God, You have created] the expanse of the skies, the host of luminaries, (12) the task of spirits and the dominion of holy ones, the treasures of [Your] gl[ory . . . ] clouds. He who created the earth and the limits of her divisions (13) into wilderness and plain, and all her offspring, with fhe fru[its ...], the circle of the seas, the sources of the rivets, and the rift of the deeps, (14) wild beasts and winged creatures, the form of man and the gener[ations of] his [see]d, the confusion of language and the separation of peoples, the abode of clans (15) and the inheritance of the lands, [... and] holy festivals, courses of years and times of (16) eternity. [...] these we know from Your understanding which [...] (17) [...] Your [ears] to our cry, for [...] (18) [...] his house [...] (19) [...] (20)[...] Col. 11 (1) Truly the battle is Yours, and by the strength of Your hand their corpses have been broken to pieces, without anyone to bury them. Indeed, Goliath the Gittite, a mighty man of valor, (2) You delivered into the hand of David, Your servant, because he trusted in Your great name and not in sword and spear. For the 80


battle is Yours. (3) He subdued the Philistines many times by Your holy name. Also by the hand of our kings You rescued us many times (4) because of Your mercy; not according to our works, for we have acted wickedly, nor for the acts of our rebelliousness. The battle is Yours, the strength is from You, (5) it is not our own. Neither our power nor the strength of our hand have done valiantly, but rather by Your power and the strength of Your great valor. Jus[t as You told (6) us in time past, saying: "There shall come forth a star out of Jacob, a scepter shal1 rite out of Israel, and shall crush the forehead of Moab and tear down all sons of Sheth, (7) and he shall descend of Jacob and shall destroy the remnant from the city, and the enemy shall be a possession, and Israel shall do valiantly (Num. 24:17-19). By the hand of Your anointed ones, (8) seers of things appointed, You have told us about the ti[mes] of the wars of Your hands in order that You may glorify Yourself {fight} among our enemies, to bring down the hordes of Belial, the seven (9) vainglorious nations, at the hand of the oppressed whom You have redeemed [with powe]r and retribution; a wondrous strength. A heart that melts shall be as a door of hope. You will do to them as You did to Pharaoh (10) and the officers of his chariots in the Red Sea. You will ignite the humble of spirit like a fiery torch of fire in a sheaf, consuming the wicked. You shall not turn back until (11) the annihilation of the guilty. In past You foretold [the app]ointed time for Your hand is powerful work against the Kittim, saying: And Assyria shall fall by a sword not of man, and a sword, (12) not of men, shall consume him (Isa. 31: 8).

(13) For into the hand of the oppressed You will deliver the [ene]mies of all the lands; into the hands of those who are prostrate in the dust, in order to bring down all mighty men of the peoples, to return the recompense (14) of the wicked on the head of [...], to pronounce the just judgment of Your truth on all sons of man, and to make for Yourself an everlasting name among the people. 81


(15) [...] the wars, and to show Yourself great and holy before the remnant of the nations, so that [they] may know [that] (16) [You are God ... when You] carry out judgments on Gog and on all his company that are as[semb]led [abou]t [us ...] (17) [...], for You will do battle against them from the heave[ns ...] (18) [...] upon them for confusion [...] (19) [...] (20)[...] Col. 12 (1) For You have a multitude of holy ones in the heavens and hosts of angels in Your exalted dwelling to pr[aise] Your [name]. The chosen ones of the holy people (2) You have established for Yourself in a [community. The nu]mber (or The b]ook) of the names of all their host is with You in Your holy dwelling, and the n[umber of the holy one]s is in the abode of Your glory. (3) Mercies of blessing [...] and Your covenant of peace You engraved for them with a stylus of life in order to reign o[ver them]: for all time, (4) commissioning the hos[ts of I Your [e]lect by their thousands and tens of thousands together with Your holy ones [and] Your angels, and directing them (5) in battle [so as to condemn] the earthly adversaries by trial with Your judgments. With the elect of heaven [they] shall prev[ail]. (7) And You, O God, are awe[some] in the glory of Your dominion, and the company of Your holy ones is in our midst for etern[al] support. We [shall direct our contempt at kings, derision (8) and disdain at mighty men. For the Lord is holy, and the King of Glory is with us together with the holy ones. Migh[ty men and] a host of angels are with our commissioned forces. (9) The Hero of Wa[r] is with our company, and the host of His spirits is with our steps Our horsemen are [as] the clouds and as the mist covering the earth, (10) and as a steady downpour shedding judgment on all her offspring. Rise up, O Hero, take Your captives, O Glorious One, take (11) Your plunder, O You who do valiantly. Lay Your hand upon the neck of Your enemies, and Your foot upon the backs of the slain. Crush the nations, Your adversaries, and may Your sword 82


(12) devour guilty flesh. Fill Your land with glory, and Your heritance with blessing. An abundance of cattle in Your fields; silver and gold and precious (13) stones in Your palaces. O Zion, rejoice greatly, and shine with joyful songs, O Jerusalem. Rejoice, all you cities of Judah, open (14) your gate[s] forever that the wealth of the nations might be brought to you, and their kings shall serve you. All they that oppressed you shall bow down to you, and the dust (15) [of your feet they shall lick. O daughter]s of my people shout out with a voice of joy, adorn yourselves with ornaments of glory Rule over the ki[ngdom of the ], (16) [... and I]srael to reign eternally. (17) [...] them the mighty men of war, O Jerusalem [...] (18) the exalt]ed above the heavens, O Lord, [and let Your glory be above all the earth ...] (19) [...] The blessings of the war recited by all the leaders after the victory. (20)[... And then the Chief Priest shall stand] (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Col. 13 land his brothers the [pr]iests, the Levites, and all the elders of the Army with him. They shall bless from their position, the God of Israel and all His works of truth, and they shall curse [Beli]al there and all the spirits of his forces. And they shall say response: "Blessed is the God of Israel for all His holy purpose and His works of truth. And blessed are those who serve Him richteously, who know Him by faith. And cursed is Belial for his contentious purpose, and accursed for his reprehensible rule. And cursed are all the spirits of his lot for their wicked purpose. Accursed are they for all their filthy dirty service. For they are the lot of darkness, but the lot of God is light [eterna]l.

(7) Y[o]u are the God of our fathers. We bless Your name forever, for we are an [eter]na[l] people. You made a covenant with our fathers, and will establish it for their seed (8) throughout the ages of eternity. In all the testimonies of Your glory 83


there has been remembrance of Your [kindness] in our midst as an assistance to the remnant and the survivors for the sake of Your covenant (9) and to re[count] Your works of truth and the judgments of Your wondrous strength. And You, [O God], created us for Yourself as an eternal people, and into the lot of light You cast us (10) in accordance with Your truth. You appointed the Prince of Light from of old to assist us, for in [His] l[ot are all sons of righteous]ness and all spirits of truth are in his dominion. You yourself (11) made Belial for the pit, an angel of malevolence, his [dominio]n is in darkne[ss] and his counsel is to condemn and convict. All the spirits (12) of his lot -- the angels of destruction-- walk in accord with the rule of darkness, for it is their only [des]ire. But we, in the lot of Your truth, rejoice in (13) Your mighty hand. We rejoice in Your salvation, and revel in [Your] hel[p and] Your [p]eace. Who is like You in strength, O God of Israel, and yet (14) Your mighty hand is with the oppressed. What angel or prince is like You for [Your] effe[ctual] support, [fo]r of old You appointed for Yourself a day of gre[at battle ...] (15) [...] to [sup]port truth and to destroy iniquity, to bring darkness low and to lend might to light, and to [...] (16) [...] for an eternal stand, and to annihilate all the Sons of Darkness and bring joy to [al]l [the Sons of Light ...] (17) [...] (18) [... f]or You Yourself designated us for an app[ointed time ...] (19) [...] (20)[...] Col. 14 (1) like the fire of His fury against the idols of Egypt. The blessings of the war recited by all the leaders in the morning before the battle. (2) After they have withdrawn from the slain to enter the camp, all of them shall sing the hymn of return. In the morning they shall wash their clothes, cleanse themselves (3) of the blood of the sinful bodies, and return to the place where they 84


had stood, where they had formed the battle line before the slain of the enemy fell. There they shall all bless (4) the God of Israel and joyously exalt His name together. They shall say in response: "Blessed is the God of Israel, who guards lovingkindness for His covenant and the appointed times (5) of salvation for the people He redeems. He has called those who stumble unto wondrous [accomplishment]s, and He has gathered a congregation of nations for annihilation without remnant in order to raise up in judgment (6) he whose heart has melted, to open a mouth for the dumb to sing [God's] mighty deeds, and to teach feeble [hands] warfare. He gives those whose knees shake strength to stand, (7) and strengthens those who have been smitten from the hips to the shoulder. Among the poor in spirit [...] a hard heart, and by those whose way is perfect shall all wicked nations come to an end; (9) there will be no place for all their mighty men. But we are the remn[ant of Your people. Blessed is] Your name, O God of lovingkindness, the One who kept the covenant for our forefathers. Throughout (9) all our generations You have made Your mercies wondrous for the rem[nant of the people] during the dominion of Belial. With all the mysteries of his hatred they have not led us astray (10) from Your covenant. His spirits of destruction You have driven [away from us. And when the me]n of his dominion [condemned themselves], You have preserved the lives of Your redeemed. You raised up (11) the fallen by Your strength, but those who are great in height You will cut dow[n to humble them. And] there is no rescuer for all their mighty men, and no place of refuge for their swift ones. To their honored men (12) You will return shame, and all [their] vain existence [shall be as not]hing. But we, Your holy people, shall praise Your name for Your works of truth. (13) Because of Your mighty deeds we shall exalt [your splendor in] epochs and appointed times of eternity, at the beginning of day, at night (14) and at dawn and dusk. For Your [glorio]us p[urpose] is great and Your wondrous mysteries are in [Your] high heavens, to [raise u]p those for Yourself from the dust (15) and to humble those of the gods. 85


(16) Rise up, rise up, O God of gods, and raise Yourself in power, [O King of Kings ...] (17) let all the Sons of Darkness [scatter from before You.] Let the light of Your majesty shi[ne forever upon gods and men, as a fire burning in the dark places of the damned] (18) Let it burn [the damned of Sh]eol, as an [eternal] burning [among the transgressors ... in all the appointed times of eternity.] (19) [They shall repeat all the thanksgiving hymns of battle there and then return to their camps] (20)[...] Col. 15 (1) For it is a time of distress for Isra[el, a fixed t]ime of battle against all the nations. The purpose of God is eternal redemption, (2) but annihilation for al1 nations of wickedness. All those pr[epared] for battle shall set out and camp opposite the king of the Kittim and all the forces (3) of Belial that are assembled with him for a day [of vengeance] by the sword of God. The final battle the first engagement. (4) Then the Chief Priest shall stand, and with him his brothers the p[riests], the Levites, and all the men of the army. He shall read aloud (5) the prayer for the appointed time of battle, as is written in the boo]k Serekh Itto (The Rule of His Time), including all the words of their thanksgivings. Then he shall form there (6) all the battle lines, as writ[ten in the Book of the War. Then the priest appointed for the time of vengeance by (7) all his brothers shall walk about and encourage [them for the battl]e, and he shall say in response: "Be strong and courageous as warriors. (8) Fear not, nor be discoura[ged and let not y]our [heart be faint.] Do not panic, neither be alarmed because of them. Do not (9) turn back nor [flee from the]m. For they are a wicked congregation, all their deeds are in darkness; (10) it is [their] desire. [They have established al]l their refuge [in a lie], their strength is as smoke that vanishes, and all (11) their vast assembly [is as chaff which blows away ... de]solation, 86


and shall not be found. Every creature of greed shall wither quickly away (12) [like a flow]er at ha[rvest time ... Come,] strengthen yourselves for the battle of God, for this day is an appointed time of battle (13) [for G]od against all the n[ations, ... judgm]ent upon all flesh. The God of Israel is raising His hand in His wondrous [streng]th (14) [against all the spirits of wick[edness ... m]ighty ones of the gods are girding themselves for battl[e, and] the formation[s of the3 h[o]ly ones (15) [are rea]dying themselves for a day of [vengeance ...] (16) the God of I[srae]l [...] (17) to remove Bel[ial ...] (18) in his hell [...] (19) [...] (20)[...] (1) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

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Col. 16 until every source [of ...] is come to an end. For] the God of Israel has called out a sword against all the nations, and by the holy ones of His people He will do mightily." They shall carry out all this Rule [on] that [day] at the place where they stand opposite the camps of the Kittim. Then the priests shall blow for them the trumpets of remembrance. The gates of w[ar] shall open, [and] the infantry shall go out and stand in columns between the battle lines. The priests shall blow for them a signal for the formation and the columns [shall deplo]y at the sound of the trumpets until each man has taken his station. Then the priests shall blow for them a second signal: [signs for confron]tation. When they stand near the battle line of the Kittim, within throwing range, each man shall raise his hand with his weapon of war. Then the six [priests shall blow on the tr]umpets of the slain a sharp staccato note to direct the fighting. The Levites and the all the people with rams' horns shall blow [a battle signa]l, a loud noise. As the sound goes forth, the infantry shall begin to bring down the slain of the Kittim, and all the people shall cease the signal, [but the priest]s shall continue blowing on the trumpets of the slain and the battle shall prevail


against the Kittim. The final battle the second engagement. (11) When [Belial] prepares himself to assist the Sons of Darkness, and the slain among the infantry begin to fall by God's mysteries and to test by these mysteries all those appointed for battle, (12) the priests shall blow the trumpets of assembly so that another battle line might go forth as a battle reserve, and they shall take up position between the battle lines. (13) For those employed in battle they shall blow a signal to return. Then the Chief Priest shall approach and stand before the battle line, and shall encourage (14) their heart by [the wondrous might of God and] fortify their hands for His battle. (15) And he shall say in response: ["Blessed is God, for] He tests the he[ar]t of His people in the crucible. And not [...] have your slain [...]. For you have obeyed from of old (16) the mysteries of God. [Now as for you, take courage and stand in the gap, do not fear when God strengthens ...] (17) [...] (18) [...] (19) [...] (20)[...] Col. 17 (1) land He shall appoint their retribution with burning [...] those tested by the crucible. He shall sharpen the implements of war, and they shall not become blunt until [all the nations of] wickedness [come to an end]. (2) But, as for you, remember the judgment [of Nadab and Abi]hu, the sons of Aaron, by whose judgment God showed Himself holy before [all the people. But Eleazar] (3) and Ithamar He preserved for Himself for an eternal covenant [ofpriesthood]. (4) But, as for you, take courage and do not fear them [... for] their end is emptine and their desire is for the void. Their support is without st[rength] and they do not [know that from the God] of (5) Israel is all that is and that will be. He [...] in all which exists for eternity. Today is His appointed time to subdue and to humiliate 88


(6) (7) (8) (9)

the prince of the realm of wickedness. He will send eternal support to the company of His redeemed by the power of the majestic angel of the authority of Michael. By eternal light He shall joyfully light up the covenant of Israel peace and blessing for the lot of God, to exalt the authority of Michael among the gods and the dominion of Israel among all flesh. Righteousness shall rejoice on high, and all sons of His truth shall rejoice in eternal knowledge. But as for you, O sons of His covenant, take courage in God's crucible, until He shall wave His hand and complete His fiery trials; His mysteries concerning your existence."

The final battle the third engagement. (10) And after these words the priests shall blow for them a signal to form the divisions of the battle line. The columns shall be deployed at the sound of the trumpets, (11) until each man has taken his station. Then the priests shall blow another signal on the trumpets, signs for confrontation. When (12) the infa[ntry] has approached [the battle] line of the Kitt[im], within throwing range, each man shall raise his hand with his weapon. Then the priests shall blow on the trumpets (13) of the slain [and the Levites and the al]l the people with rams' horns shall sound a signal for battle. The infantry shall attack the army (14) of the Kittim, [and as the soun]d [of the si]gnal [goes forth], they shall begin to bring down their slain. Then all the people shall still the sound of the signal, while the priests (15) continuously blow on [the trumpets of the slain], and the bat[tl]e p[revail]s against the K[ittim, and the troops of Belia]l are defeated before them. (16) Thus in the th[ird] lot [...] to fall slain [...] The final battle the fourth, fifth, and sixth engagements. Nothing of these engagements is preserved. The final battle the seventh engagement. Col. 18 (1) [and in the seven]th [log, when the great hand of God shall be lifted up against Belial and against all the fo[rc]es of his dominion for an eternal slaughter 89


(2) [...] and the shout of the holy ones when they pursue Assyria. Then the sons of Japheth shall fall, never to rise again, and the Kitum shall be crushed without (3) [remnant and survivor. So] the God of Israel shall raise His hand against the whole multitude of Belial. At that time the priests shall sound a signal (4) [on the six trumpegs of remembrance, and all the battle formations shall be gathered to them and divide against all the ca[mps of the Ki]ttim (5) to completely destroy them. [And] when the sun hastens to set on that day, the Chief Priest and the priests and the [Levites] who are (6) with him, and the chiefs [of the battle lines and the men] of the army shall bless the God of Israel there. They shall say in response: Blessed is Your name, O God [of god]s, for (7) You have done wondrous things for Your people, and have kept Your covenant for us from of old. Many times You have opened the gates of salvation for us (8) for the sak[e of Your co]venant. [And You provided flor our affliction in accord with Your goodness toward us. You, O God of righteousness, have acted for the sake of Your name. Thanksgiving for final victory. (10) [...] You have done w]onders upon wonders with us, but from of old there has been nothing like it, for You have known our appointed time. Today [Your] power has shined forth (11) for us, [and] You [have shown] us the hand of Your mercies with us in eternal redemption, in order to remove the dominion of the enemy, that it might be no more; the hand of Your strength. (12) In bat[tle You shall show Yourself strong aga]inst our enemies for an absolute slaughter. Now the day is pressing upon us [to] pursue their multitude, for You (13) [...] and the heart of warriors You have broken so that no one is able to stand. Yours is the might, and the battle is in Your hand, and there is no (14) [God like You ...] Your [...] and the appointed times of Your will, and reprisal [...] Your [enemie]s, and You will cut of from [...] is (15) [...] (16) [...] (17) [...] (18) [...] 90


(19) [...] (20)[... And we shall direct our contempt at kings,] (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

Col. 19 [derision and disdain at mi]ghty men. For our Majestic One is holy. The King of Glory is with us and the h[ost of His spirits is with our steps. Our horsemen are] [as the clouds and as the mis]t covering the earth; as a steady downpour shedding judgment on all her offspring. Rise up, O Hero,] [Take Your captives, O Glorious One, and ta]ke Your plunder, O You Who do valiantly. Lay Your hand upon the neck of Your enemies, and Your fo[o]t [upon the backs of [the slain. Crush the nations, Yo]ur [adversaries,] and let Your sword devour flesh. Fill Your land with glory, and Your inheritance with blessing. An ab[undance of cattle is] s[in Your fields, silver and gold] in Your palaces. O Zion, rejoice greatly, and rejoice, all you cities of Ju[dah. Open] [your gates forever, so that the wealth of the nations [might be brought to you, and their kings shall serve you. All they that oppressed] you shall bow down to you, [and they shall lick the dust of your feet. O dau]ghters of my [peo]ple, burst out with a voice of joy. Adorn yourselves with ornaments of glory, and r[ule] over the ki[ngdom of the ...] [...] Your [...] and Israel for an [egernal dominion.

Ceremony after the final battle. (9) [Then they shall gather] in the camp that n[ig]ht for rest until the morning. In the morning they shall come to the p[la]ce of the battle line, (10) [where the mi]ghty men of the Kittim [fell], as well as the multitude of Assyria, and the forces of all the nations that were assembled unto them, to see whether [the mu]ltitude of slain [are dead] (11) [with none to bury them; those who] fell there by the sword of God. And the Hi[gh] Priest shall approach there [with] his [depu]ty, his brothers [the priests,] (12) [and the Levites with the Leader] of the battle, and all the chiefs of the battle lines and [their officers ...] (13) [... together. When they stand before the s]lain of the Kitt[im, they shall pr]aise there the God [of Israel. And they shall say in 91


response: ...] In the following, chapters we will begin the study of this document. First, linking it with the Bible quotes in an outline format. Within this Book, as all of this relates to the subject of timing. Emlightement come through education . Isiah said they shall lear line upon line and precept upon precept. Here we link unfulfilled Bible scriptures with the Wasr Scroll text so that the reader can see that they are saying the same thing. The difference is that this document gives the most complete instructions of just How to fulfill the Biblical requirements. In the following books we will focus on other aspects of this war and finally focus on how this war ust be fought over the pit of Hell by the Dead Sea.

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1 QM WAR SCRLLL COMMENTARY The description of the eschatological war. (1QM 1:1-7) describe the parties at war the Sons of Light,( 1Q' 3:13) and the Sons of Darkness.

WS TOPIC-Col.1 For the In[structor, the Rule of] the War. The first attack of the Sons of Light shall be undertaken against the forces of the Sons of Darkness, the army of Belial: the troops of Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], Philistia, and the troops of the Kittim of Asshur. . Supporting them are those who have violated the covenant.

Isaiah 11:14 • Sons of Darkness (All*-1 )

• 14 And they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines on the west; together shall they spoil the children of the east; they shall put forth their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them. (*-1 )All Parties mentioned except Assur and/or Assyria • Note verses 16 Implies Assyrian army is to be destroyed also.

The first attack of the Sons of Light shall be undertaken against the forces of the Sons of Darkness, the army of Belial:

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the troops of Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], Philistia, and the troops of the Kittim of Asshur. Supporting them are those who have violated the covenant. Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon…. Today this is the country of Jordan Philistia…The Gaz Strip troops of the Kittim of Asshur….The Eu attacking Damascus CHAPTER 4. WHO FIGHTS WHO Starting with col. 1. We begin by identifying two significant points. The parties in the conflict ; who fights, who. 1. Col. 1 For the M(aster, the Rule of] the War. The first attack of the Sons of Light shall be undertaken against the forces of the Sons of Darkness, the army of Belial: the troops of Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], Philistia, and the troops of the Kittim of Asshur. Supporting them are those who have violated the covenant. 2. The sons of Levi, the sons of Judah, and the sons of Benjamin, those exiled to the wilderness, shall fight against them with [ . . . ] against all their troops, when the exiles of the Sons of Light return from the Wilderness of the Peoples to camp in the Wilderness of Jerusalem. These two points are show in the column on the left . In the column on the left Isaiah speaks of the same subject.

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WAR SCROLL

ISAIAH

Col. 1 For the M(aster, the Rule of] the War. The first attack of the Sons of Light shall be undertaken against the forces of the Sons of Darkness, the army of Belial: the troops of Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], Philistia,

11. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.12. And he


and the troops of the Kittim of Asshur. Supporting them are those who have violated the covenant.

shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the The sons of Levi, the earth.13. The envy also of Ephraim sons of Judah, and the shall depart, and the adversaries of sons of Benjamin, those exiled to the wilderness, Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall shall fight against them not envy Judah, and Judah shall not with [ . . . ] against all their vex Ephraim.14. But they shall fly troops, when the exiles of upon the shoulders of the Philistines the Sons of Light return toward the west; they shall spoil from the Wilderness of them of the east together: they shall the Peoples to camp in lay their hand upon Edom and the Wilderness of Jerusalem. Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them. 15. And the Lord shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.16. And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

Next we copy the underlined potion from the two texts in order to place them in order to compare them. WAR SCROLL 95

ISAIAH


The troops of Edom, Moab, the Philistines toward the west; they sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], shall spoil them of the east Philistia, and the troops of the together: they shall lay their hand Kittim of Asshur. upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

Conclusions drawn: We deduce that both documents discuss four common enemies. 1. Edom 2. Moab 3. Ammon 4. Philistia. The troops of the Kittim of Asshur. are part of the Ws and in the Isaiah text are not mentioned as an enemy. Isaiah Verse 16 exhibits a hint of Asshur’s (Assyria’s) participation; in that there shall be a highway left, from Assyria. 16. And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt. Part two Next we address the question of who the children of light are that fight the children of Darkness. We determine that they are those from the full house of Israel that will join the dry bones of Israel now. The text is in two parts as follows; The sons of Levi, the sons of Judah, and the sons of Benjamin, 96


Those exiled to the wilderness. when the exiles of the Sons of Light return from the Wilderness of the Peoples to camp in the Wilderness of Jerusalem ISAIAH COMPARED The book of Isaiah identifies the assembling of Israel and more of the dispersed of Israel in one sweep.

And he…shall assemble …Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off 

*Col.1

Isaiah 11:14

Compare Isaiah 11

The sons of Levi, the sons of Judah, and the sons of Benjamin, those exiled to the wilderness, shall fight against them 3with [ . . . ] against all their troops, when the exiles of the Sons of Light return from the Wilderness of the Peoples to camp in the Wilderness of Jerusalem.

• Sons of Darkness (All*-1 )

• 14 And they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines on the west; together shall they spoil the children of the east; they shall put forth their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them. (*-1 )All Parties mentioned except Assur and/or Assyria • Note verses 16 Implies Assyrian army is to be destroyed also.

The sons of Levi, the sons of Judah, and the sons of Benjamin, those exiled to the wilderness, shall fight against them with [ . . . ] against all their troops, when the exiles of the Sons of Light return from the Wilderness of the Peoples to camp in the Wilderness of Jerusalem. Like the shulamite woman They have their nose towards Damasus Are ready to form a company of two armies A war liken to a star dance.

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Psalms+WAR SCROLL COMPARISON

Col. 1+Psalms 83:9 Edom Moab Ammom Philistia * Do unto them as Sisera 

4. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. 5. For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: 6. The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;

7. Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; 8. Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of lot. Selah. 9. Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:

Psalms –Sisera Comparison Psalms speaks of the future event, comparing it to a war with Sisera. 98 Judge 5 describes the event. 19. The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.


*Col. 1 The description includes words preparing us to follow the time line in Daniel 11

Then after the battle they shall go up from that place 4a[nd the king of; the Kittim [shall enter] into Egypt. In his time he shall go forth with great wrath to do battle against the kings of the north, and in his anger he shall set out to destroy and eliminate the strength of I[srael.

Daniel 11:29 ( Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. mentioned) • At the time appointed he shall return, and come into the south; but it shall not be in the latter time as it was in the former 30 For ships of Kittim shall come against him, and he shall be cowed, and he shall return, and have indignation against the holy covenant, and shall do his pleasure; and he shall return, and have regard unto them that forsake the holy covenant.

Then after the battle they shall go up from that place 4 a[nd tile king of; the Kittim [shall enter] into Egypt. They are going up from the Negev…the lowest point on earth by the Dead Sea. This is the Son of Perdition In his time he shall go forth with great wrath to do battle against the kings of the north, and in his anger he shall set out to destroy and eliminate the strength of I[srael this…. will be later..after a series of wars. Judas becomes the King of Tyre holding the 1 Chief of the 3 countries Edom, Moab, and Ammon in his hand, he lose them in this war He then goes to Zoan … Isaiah 30 Woe to the rebellious children, saith the Lord, that take counsel, but not of me;… If applied to the children of Esau. Their counsel was in Teman and those at their table wish to push Edomies from the mount over the border…The Allenby 99


bridge leading to Jordan. These were those that said let us flee on horses (5000 shall flee…but not with horses.) This allows King of Syria to take 5000 horses. *See Esau Gen 27 And Esau wept loudly.39 Then his father Isaac answered him: Look, your dwelling place will be away from the richness of the land, away from the dew of the sky above. 40 You will live by your sword, and you will serve your brother. But when you rebel, you will break his yoke from your neck * The rebellious children with in the desert are with the cub (son) of the lion from Syria and the army that they have which just attack Jerusalem Isa. 30 …and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:…This is those that follow the King of Tyre for he is the anointed Cherub that covereth. Commentary: We know that The King of Jordan (now Abdullah) will be in his hand according to Daniel 11. . Jordan consists of Edom Moab and Ammon. He is with the chief of Ammon ie the Abdullah and helping him betray the people of Edom. But Assad is holpen of the children of lot. This means he is in the plan to come against the Edomites. They intend to flee on horses but Assad will send his men to attack them as they run, not on horses, Isa 30 2 That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt!3 Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion. After the war the young men, that attacked Jerusalem , go along with one of Assad’s sons i.e. his young cubs…and the King of Tyre to Egypt but in the future this will not work well for them 4 For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes. Assad;s young sons go to Zoan along with the King of Tyre that goes to take the treasures of Egypt the archeological site of Pi Ramesses , by Ramses Egypt ambassadors go to the district of Egypt to complain 100


5 They were all ashamed of a people that could not profit them, nor be an help nor profit, but a shame, and also a reproach. Egypt will not profit for them 6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lion, This identifies Assad the viper and fiery flying serpent, The King of Tyre as the antichrist Satan incarnated they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.7 For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, Their strength is to sit still. Egypt at this time will help later will not profit from them. 8 Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever: 9 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the Lord: Esau is the rebellious children 10 Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits: battles of shaking will he fight with it. 33 For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it. 11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us. 12 Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and stay thereon: The King of Tyre and the Sons of Assad will go through Bethabbarah to go south (negeb desert ) away from the fire 13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.14 And he shall break it You will be destroyed when the Dam of the Nile breaks 101


as the breaking of the potters' vessel that is broken in pieces; he shall not spare: so that there shall not be found in the bursting of it a sherd to take fire from the hearth, or to take water withal out of the pit. Like the breaking of Jerusalem the Pot 15 For thus saith the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.16 But ye said, No; for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift. 17 One thousand shall flee at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as a beacon upon the top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an hill. This now discusses Esau 18 And therefore will the Lord wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the Lord is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for him. 19 For the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem: thou shalt weep no more: he will be very gracious unto thee at the voice of thy cry; when he shall hear it, he will answer thee. 20 And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy teachers be removed into a corner any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers: The Isaiah pesher here reads Zodakite priests 21 And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left. 22 Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence. 23 Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures. 24 The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan. 25 And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall. 26 Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that 102


the Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound. 27 Behold, the name of the Lord cometh from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire: This is the YHVH on the rock 28 And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err. The Jodan river will burn when the rock descend on the pit and Moab 29 Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the Lord, to the mighty One of Israel. 30 And the Lord shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones. 31 For through the voice of the Lord shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod. 32 And in every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the Lord shall lay upon him, it shall be with tabrets and harps: and in 31 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the Lord! 2 Yet he also is wise, and will bring evil, and will not call back his words: but will arise against the house of the evildoers, and against the help of them that work iniquity. 3 Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the Lord shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together. 4 For thus hath the Lord spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the Lord of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof. 5 As birds flying, so will the Lord of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it. 6 Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted. 103


7 For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin. 8 Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited. 9 And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the Lord, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.

Obadiah 1- Same Theme

*And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines •

Sons of Darkness

1. The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord God concerning Edom; We have heard a rumour from the Lord, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle. .8. Shall I not in that day, saith the Lord, even destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau? 9. And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter… 10. For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. 16. For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.

• • •

Sons of Light

19. And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin shall possess Gilead. 20. And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south. 21. And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the Lord's. *Strong's Ref. # 5614of foreign derivation; Sepharad, a region of Assyria:

Col .1Then the]re shall be a time of salvation for the People of God, and a time of dominion for all the men of His forces, and eternal annihilation for all the forces of Belial. There shall be g[reat] panic [among] the sons of Japheth,

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Ezekiel 38 Japheth Attacks “My people Israel”, “people that are gathered out of the nations” Sons of Darkness-Japheth • 10 Thus saith the Lord GOD: It shall come to pass in that day, that things shall come into thy mind, and thou shalt devise an evil device; • 11 and thou shalt say: I will go up against the land of unwalled villages; I will come upon them that are at quiet, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates; • 12 to take the spoil and to take the prey; to turn thy hand against the waste places that are now inhabited, and against the people that are gathered out of the nations, that have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the middle of the earth

Sons of Light -Tribes •

Ezekiel 38:14 :7. Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou guarded of them.

8 After many days thou shalt be mustered for service, in the latter years thou shalt come against the land that is brought back from the sword, that is gathered out of many peoples, against the mountains of Israel, which have been a continual waste; but it is brought forth out of the peoples, and they dwell safely all of them.

Assyria shall fall with no one to come to his aid, and the supremacy of the Kittim shall cease that wickedness be overcome without a remnant. Ancient Assyria conquered Babylon and annexed Syria moving out the previous population The people of Assur now live in Syria and Iraq Today 9/23/2013 Russia is in the Mediterranean to aid Syria but- no one to come to Syria’s aid when EU attacks Although the Kittem(EU) shall cease it does not happen here. This is in the final battle. The Kittem have a former and latter battle.of the former. they back the king of tyre to fight against Assyria and protect Lebanon this is becaue eu needs the gas rights if Lebanon. Dead sea scroll isaih pesher the cedar of lebano are the kittem. Wo unto you when the kittm shall inflict asshur and eber. The latter is not like the former. The people of the kittem set up the abomination of desolation

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*Col.1+Isaiah 31:8

Isaiah 27: 12-Assyria

Assur + Assyria

Return before the fall of Assyria

Col.1 Assyria shall fall with no one to come to his aid, and the supremacy of the Kittim shall cease that wickedness be overcome without a remnant.

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Isaiah 31:8

Then shall Asshur fall with the sword, not of man, and the sword, not of men, shall devour him; and he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall become tributary.

And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel. 13. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem.


There shall be no survivors of [all the Sons of] Darkness Then [the Sons of Rig]hteousness shall shine to all ends of the world continuing to shine forth until end of the appointed seasons of darkness.. In the first war the sons of darkness die but still are seasons of darkness. Then at the time appointed by God, His great excellence shall shine for all the times of e[ternity;] for peace and blessing, glory and joy, and long life for all Sons of Light The first war caries banners reading the time appointed War with Syria who can appoint me a time This is true of Syria’s war

On the day when the Kittim fall there shall be a battle and horrible carnage before the God of Israel, for it is a day appointed by Him from ancient times as a battle of annihilation for the Sons of Darkness.

Col.1 • There shal1 be no survivors of [all the Sons of] Darkness Then [the Sons of Rig]hteousness shall shine to all ends of the world continuing to shine forth until end of the appointed seasons of darkness. Then at the time appointed by God, His great excellence shall shine for all the times of e[ternity;] for peace and blessing, glory and joy, and long life for all Sons of Light. On the day when the Kittim fall there shall be a battle and horrible carnage before the God of Israel, for it is a day appointed by Him from ancient times as a battle of annihilation for the Sons of Darkness.

Daniel 11:29

( Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. mentioned) • At the time appointed he shall return, and come into the south; but it shall not be in the latter time as it was in the former 30 For ships of Kittim shall come against him, and he shall be cowed, and he shall return, and have indignation against the holy covenant, and shall do his pleasure; and he shall return, and have regard unto them that forsake the holy covenant.

On that day the congregation of the gods and the congregation of men shall engage one another, resulting in great carnage. This is the subject of our study 107


How do gods and men engage in battle?

Psalms 83:6

Col.1 • On that day the congregation of the gods and the congregation of men shall engage one another, resulting in great carnage.

Assyria Joins with Edom , Moab, Ammon + Philistia • Psalms 83:4-6 Sons of Darkness

• 4. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. 5. For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee… • 7 The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites : Moab, and the Hagrites8 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre; 9 Assyria also is joined with them; they have been an arm to the children of Lot. Selah

• Psalms 83:1-9-My People Sons of Light –Revived Israel . • 1. Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. • 8. Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me; 9. There shall no strange god be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange god.

The Sons of Light and the forces of Darkness shall fight together to show the strength of God with the roar of a great multitude and the shout of gods and men; a day of disaster.

Col.1 • The Sons of Light and the forces of Darkness shall fight together to show the strength of God with the roar of a great multitude and the shout of gods and men; a day of disaster.

Psalms 83:6-9-Judges 5:19-20 gods + men

• Be as the war with Sisera... • Compare Judges : Sisera...stars fought in Courses +near Megiddo • Compare Judges "The kings came and fought; Then fought the kings of Canaan at Taanach near the waters of Megiddo; They took no plunder in Silver.

It is a time of distress fo[r al]1 the people who are redeemed by God. In all their afflictions none exists that is like it, hastening to its completion as an eternal redemption. On the day of their battle against the Kittim, they shall g[o forth for] carnage in battle. In three lots the Sons of Light shall stand firm so as to strike a blow at wickedness, and in three the 108


army of Belial shall strengthen themselves so as to force the retreat of the forces i4[of Light. And when the] banners of the infantry cause their hearts to melt, then the strength of God will strengthen the he[arts of the Sons of Light.] In the seventh lot : the great hand of God shall overcome [Belial and al]l the angels of his dominion, and all the men of [his forces shall be destroyed forever]. The annihilation of the Sons of Darkr~ess and service to God during the war years. |6[, . . ] the holy ones shall shine forth in support of [ . . . ] the truth for the annihilation of the Sons of Darkness. Then [ . . . ] 17[ . . . ] a great [r]oar [ . . . ] they took hold of the implement[s of war . ] 18[,, . ] 19[ . . . chiefs of the tribes . . . and the priests, 1 20[the Levites, the chiefs of the tribes, the fathers of the congregation . . . the priests and thus for the Levites and the courses of the heads of] Col. 2 the congregation's clans, fifty-two. They shal1 rank the chiefs of the priests after the Chief Priest and his deputy; twelve chief priests to serve in the regular offering before God. The chiefs of the courses, twenty-six, shall serve in their courses. After them the chiefs of the Levites serve continually, twelve in all, one to a tribe. The chiefs of their courses shall serve each man in his office. The chiefs of the tribes and fathers of the congregation shall support them, taking their stand continually at the gates of the sanctuary. The chiefs of their courses, from the age of fifty upwards, shall take their stand with their commissioners on their festivals, new moons and Sabbaths, and on every day of the year. These shall take their stand at the burnt offerings and sacrifices, to arrange the sweet smelling incense according to the will of God, to atone for all His congregation, and to satisfy themselves before Him continually 6at the table of glory. All of these they shall arrange at the time of the year of remission. That is all of the above shall be arranged as the war model on the day of the war It is a year of remission In that day there shall be a sign and alter in the center and border of Egypt to the lord of hosts Pyramid is a sign and alter of the Table of Glory 109


During the remaining thirty-three years of the war the men of renown, those called of the Congregation, and all the heads of the congregation's clans shall choose for themselves men of war for all the lands of the nations. From ail tribes of IsraeI 'they shall prepare capable men for themselves to go out for battle according to the summons of the war, year by year. But during the years of remission they shall not ready men to go out for battle, for it is a Sabbath 90f rest for Israel. During the thirty-five years of service the war shal1 be waged. For six years the whole congregation shall wage it together, :ยกand a war of divisions shall be waged during the twenty-nine remaining years.(29+6=35) 1. In the first year they shal1 fight against Mesopotamia, 2. in the second against the sons of Lud, 3. in the third they shall fight against the rest of the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Togar, and Mesha, who are beyond the Euphrates. 4. In the fourth and fifth they shall fight against the sons of Arpachshad, 5. in the sixth and seventh they shal1 fight against all the sons of Assyria and Persia and the easterners up to the Great Desert. 6. In the eighth year they shall fight against the sons of Elam, in the ninth year they shall fight against the sons of Ishmael and Keturah, and 7. during the following ten years the war shall be divided against all the sons of Ham i4according to [their] c[lans and] their lterri]tories. 8. During the remaining ten years the war shall be divided against all [sons of Japhe]th according to their territories. The description of the trumpets. 6[The Rule of the Trumpets: the trumpets] of alarm for all their service for the [ . . . ] for their commissioned men, i7[by tens of thousands and thousands and hundreds and fifties] and tens. Upon the t[rumpets . . . ] [ . . . ] )8[ . . . ] 19[ . . . which ] 20[,, . they shall write . . . the trumpets of Col. 3 the battle formations, and the trumpets for assembling them when the gates of the war are opened so that the infantry might advance, the trumpets for the signal of the slain, the trumpets of 2the ambush, the trumpets of pursuit when the enemy is defeated, and the trumpets of reassembly when the battle returns.~ On the trumpets for the 110

." On the trumpets of the battle


assembly of the congregation they shall write, "The called of God." 30n the trumpets for the assembly of the chiefs they shall write, "The princes of God." On the trumpets of the formations they shall write, "The rule of God." On the trumpets of the men of renown [they shall write],"The heads of the congregation's clans." Then when they are assembled at the house of meeting, they shal1 write, "The testimonies of God for a holy congregation." On the trumpets of the camps they shall write, "The peace of God in the camps of His saints." On the trumpets for their campaigns they shall write," The mighty deeds of God to scatter the enemy and to put all those who hate 6justice to flight and a withdrawal of mercy from all who hate God

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formations they shall write, "Formations of the- divisions of God to avenge His anger on all Sons of Darkness." 70n the trumpets for assembling the infantry when the gates of war open that they might go out against the battle line of the enemy, they shall write, "A remembrance of requital at the appointed time 80f God."


The description of the trumpets. [The Rule of the Trumpets: the trumpets] of alarm for all their service for the [ . . . ] for their commissioned men, 17[by tens of thousands and thousands and hundreds and fifties] and tens. Upon the t[rumpets . . . ][ . . . ] )8[ . . . ] 19[ . . . which ] 20 [,, . they shall write . . . the trumpets of Col. 3 the battle formations, and the trumpets for assembling them when the gates of the war are opened so that the infantry might advance, the trumpets for the signal of the slain, the trumpets of 2 the ambush, the trumpets of pursuit when the enemy is defeated, and the trumpets of reassembly when the battle returns. On the trumpets for the assembly of the congregation they shall write, "The called of God." 3 0n the trumpets for the assembly of the chiefs they shall write, "The princes of God." On the trumpets of the formations they shall write, "The rule of God." On the trumpets of the men of renown [they shall write], "The heads of the congregation's clans." Then when they are assembled at the house of meeting, they shall write, "The testimonies of God for a holy congregation." On the trumpets of the camps 5 they shall write, "The peace of God in the camps of His saints." On the trumpets for their campaigns they shall write,"The mighty deeds of God to scatter the enemy and to put all those who hate justice to flight and a withdrawal of mercy from all who hate God."

hercules On the trumpets of the battle formations they shall write, "Formations of the divisions of God to avenge His anger on all Sons of Darkness." 7 0n the trumpets for assembling the infantry when the gates of war open that they might go out against the battle line of the enemy, they shall write, "A remembrance of requital at the appointed time 8 0f God." The first war is the appointed time

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On the trumpets of the slain they shall write, "The hand of the might of God in battle so as to bring down all the slain because of unfaithfulness." Amos 2 O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine?...I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the Lord hath spoken it. Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Moab, and for four, I will not turn away ...But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kerioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them,

On the trumpets of the slain they shall write, "The hand of the might of God in battle so as to bring down all the slain because of unfaithfulness."

On the trumpets of ambush they shall write, 9 "Mysteries of God to wipe out wickedness." On the trumpets of pursuit they shall write,"God has struck all Sons of Darkness, He shall not abate His anger until they are annihilated." 째When they return from battle to enter the formation, they shall write on the trumpets of retreat, "God has gathered." On the trumpets for the way of return from battle with the enemy to enter the congregation in Jerusalem, they shall write, "Rejoicings of God in a peaceful return." See Numbers 10:7 113


The description of the banners. 13 Rule of the banners of the whole congregation according to their formations. On the grand banner which is at the head of all the people they shall write, "People of God," the names "Israel" and of 4 "Aaron," and the names of the twelve tribes of Israel according to their order of birth. On the banners of the heads of the "camps" of three tribes 5 they shall write, "the Spirit [of God," and the names of three tribes. NUMBERS 2; 4. And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers. 5. And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you: of the tribe of Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur. Reuben See ye a son God of (the) rock; spreader of light Simeon Hearing peace of God (son of) small Judah An arrow,praise enchanter; to hiss, i.e. whisper a (magic) spell; generally, to prognosticate: --X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe. people of liberality; Of Issachar he will bring a reward; an exalted one, i.e. a king or sheik; also a rising mist: KJV--captain, chief, cloud, governor, prince, ruler, vapour. to sit or dwell given of God Zebulon habitation; 114


God of (his) father; strong Joseph double fruit God of hearing people of splendor Manasseh causing to forget; reward of God a rock (i.e. God) has ransomed Benjamin son of (the) right hand; father of judgment (i.e. judge Jah has built Dan Judge brother of help; people of (the) Almighty Asher happy; to go forward accident of God; muddler; Of Gad; to crowd upon, i.e. attack: -invade, overcome. God (is) gatherer; friend of God; Of Naphtali; Ahira Enan. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Definitions: 7205| ReubenStrong's Ref. # 7205from the imperative of HSN7200 and HSN1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob: 115


|0468| {being} Elizur Strong's Ref. # 468from HSN0410 and HSN6697; God of (the) rock; Elitsur, an Israelite: |1121| the son of |7707| Shedeur,Strong's Ref. # 7707from the same as HSN7704 and HSN0217; spreader of light; Shedejur, an Israelite: Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. |8095| SimeonStrong's Ref. # 8095from HSN8085; hearing; Shimon, one of Jacob's sons, also the tribe descended from him: |8017| {being} Shelumiel,Strong's Ref. # 8017from HSN7965 and HSN0410; peace of God; Shelumiel, an Israelite: |1121| the son of |6686| Zurishaddai,Strong's Ref. # 6686from HSN6819; small; Tsuar, an Israelite: Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab. |3063| Judah {being} |5177| Nahshon,Strong's Ref. # 5177from HSN5172; enchanter; Nachshon, an Israelite: Strong's Number: 5172 Transliterated: nachash Text: a primitive root; properly, to hiss, i.e. whisper a (magic) spell; generally, to prognosticate: --X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe. |1121| the son of |5992| Amminadab,Strong's Ref. # 5992from HSN5971 and HSN5068; people of liberality; Amminadab, the name of four Israelites: Of Issachar; Nethaneel the son of Zuar. |3485| Issachar,Strong's Ref. # 3485 (strictly yis-saws-kawr'); from HSN5375 and HSN7939; he will bring a reward; Jissaskar, a son of Jacob: |5387| the ruler ofStrong's Ref. # 5387or nasi' {naw-see'}; from HSN5375; properly, an exalted one, i.e. a king or sheik; also a rising mist: KJV--captain, chief, cloud, governor, prince, ruler, vapour. |3488| Issachar {being}Strong's Ref. # 3488 (Aramaic) corresponding to HSN3427; to sit or dwell: |5417| Nethaneel,Strong's Ref. # 5417from HSN5414 and HSN0410; given of God; Nethanel, the name of ten Israelite |1121| son 116


|6686| of Zuar,Strong's Ref. # 668from HSN6819; small; Tsuar, an Israelite: Of Zebulon; Eliab the son of Helon. |2074| Zebulun,Strong's Ref. # 2074or Zbuluwn {zeb-ooloon'}; or Zbuwlun {zeb-oo-loon'}; from HSN2082; habitation; Zebulon, a son of Jacob; also his territory and tribe |5387| the rulerStrong's Ref. # 5387or nasi' {naw-see'}; from HSN5375; properly, an exalted one, i.e. a king or sheik; also a rising mist: KJV--captain, chief, cloud, governor, prince, ruler, vapour. from HSN0410 and HSN0001; God of (his) father; Eliab, the name of six Israelites: |1121| the son of |2497| Helon Strong's Ref. # 2497from HSN2428; strong; Chelon, an Israelite: Of the children of Joseph feminine of HSN3126; a sprout: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: |0669| of Ephraim,Strong's Ref. # 669dual of masculine form of HSN0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory: |0476| Elishama,Strong's Ref. # 476rom HSN0410 and HSN8085; God of hearing; Elishama, the name of seven Israelites: |1121| the son of |5989| Ammihud;Strong's Ref. # 5989from HSN5971 and HSN1935; people of splendor; Ammihud, the name of three Israelites: |4519| of Manasseh,Strong's Ref. # 4519Romanized Mnashsheh Pronounced men-ash-sheh'from HSN5382; causing to forget; Menashsheh, a grandson of Jacob, also the tribe descended from him, and its territory: |1583| Gamaliel,Strong's Ref. # 1583from HSN1580 and HSN0410; reward of God; Gamliel, an Israelite: |1121| the son of |6301| Pedahzur;Strong's Ref. # 6301from HSN6299 and HSN6697; a rock (i.e. God) has ransomed; Pedahtsur, an Israelite: 117


|1144| of Benjamin,Strong's Ref. # 1144from HSN1121 and HSN3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory: |0027| Abidan,Strong's Ref. # 27from HSN0001 and HSN1777; father of judgment (i.e. judge); Abidan, an Israelite: |1121| the son of |1141| Gideoni;Strong's Ref. # 1141or (prolonged) Bnayahuw {benaw-yaw'-hoo}; from HSN1129 and HSN3050; Jah has built; Benajah, the name of twelve Israelites: 1. |1835| of Dan,Strong's Ref. # 1835from HSN1777; judge; Dan,

one of the sons of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory; likewise a place in Palestine colonized by them: |0295| Ahlezer,Strong's Ref. # 295from HSN0251 and HSN5828; brother of help; Achiezer, the name of two Israelites: |1121| the son of |5996| Ammishaddai;Strong's Ref. # 5996from HSN5971 and HSN7706; people of (the) Almighty; Ammishaddai, an Israelite: 2. |0836| of Asher;Strong's Ref. # 836from HSN0833, happy; Asher, a son of Jacob, and the tribe descended from him, with its territory; also a place in Palestine: |6295| Pagiel,Strong's Ref. # 6295from HSN6294 and HSN0410; accident of God; Pagiel, an Israelite:--Pagiel.|1121| the son of |5918| Ocran;Strong's Ref. # 5918from HSN5916; muddler; Okran, an Israelite: Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Ocran. 14. Of Gad; Eliasaph the son of Deuel. |1410| GadStrong's Ref. # 1410from HSN1464; Gad, a son of Jacob, including his tribe and its territory; also a prophet: .Strong's Number: 1464 Text: a primitive root [akin to 1413]; to crowd upon, i.e. attack: -invade, overcome. |0460| {being} Eliasaph,Strong's Ref. # 460from HSN0410 and HSN3254; God (is) gatherer; Eljasaph, the name of two Israelites: |1121| the son of 118


|7467| Reuel,Strong's Ref. # 7467from the same as HSN7466 and HSN0410; friend of God; Reuel, the name of Moses' father-in-law, also of an Edomite and an Israelite: 15. Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.

O]n the banner of each tribe they shall write, "Standard of God," and the name of the leader of the t[ribe ] ~60f its clans. [ . . . and] the name of the leader of the ten thousand and the names of the chief[s of . . . ] i7[ . . . ] his hundreds. On the banner [ ] 18 20 [,, . ] Col. 4 ~On the banner of Merari they shall write, "The Offering of God," and the name of the leader of Merari and the names of the chiefs of his thousands. El Nath 5 On the banner of the tho[us]and they shall write, "The Anger of God is loosed against 2 Belial and all the men of his forces without remnant," and the name of the chief of the thousand and the names of the chiefs of his hundreds. And on the banner of the hundred they shall write, "Hundred 3 0f God, the power of war against a sinful fiesh," and the name of the chief of the hundred and the names of the chiefs of his tens. And on the banner of the fifty they shall write, "Ended 4 is the stand of the wicked [by] the might of God," and the name of the chief of the fifty and the names of the chiefs of his tens. On the banner of the tho[us]and they shall write, "The Anger of God is loosed against 2 Belial and all the men of his forces without remnant," 6 When they go to battle they shall write on their banners, "The truth of God,""The righteousness of God,""The glory of God,""The justice of God," and after these the list of their names in full. 7 When they draw near for 119


battle they shall write on their banners, "The right hand of God,� "The appointed time of God,""The tumult of God,""The slain of God"; after these their names in full. 3 When they return from battle they shall write on their banners, "The exaltation of God," "The greatness of God," "The praise of God," "The glory of God," with their names in full. Psalms 60: Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?

Compare: When they go to battle they shall write on their banners, "The truth of God,"...When they draw near for battle they shall write on their banners, "The right hand of God,

Psalms 60:4 Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.= 5.save with thy right hand

9The Rule of the banners of the congregation: When they set out to battle they shall write on the first banner,"The congregation of God," on the second banner,"The camps of God," on the third, °"The tribes of God," on the fourth, "The clans of God," on the fifth,"The divisions of God," on the sixth, "The congregation of God," on the seventh,"Those called by God," and on the eighth, "The army of God." They shall write their names in full with all their order. When they draw near for battle they shall write on their banners, 2 "The battle of God," "The recompense of God,""The cause of God," "The reprisal of God," "The pov`.Ter of God,""The retribution of God,""The ...ight of God," "The annihilation by God of all the vainglorious nations." And '3 their names in full they shall write upon them. When they return from battle they shall write on their banners, "The deliverance of God,""The victory of God," "The help of God," "The support of God," ~4 "The joy of God," "The thanksgivings of God,""The praise of God," and "The peace of God."15 [The Length of the Banners. The banner of the whole congregation shall be fourteen cubits long; the banner of th[ree tribes' thir]teen cubits [long;] 16[the banner of a tribe,] twelve cubits; the banner of ten thousand, eleve[n cubits; the banner of a thousand, ten cubits; the 120


banner of a hu]ndred, [n]ine cubits; i7 [the banner of a fifty, ei]ght cubits; the banner of a ten, sev[en cubits . . . ]. The description of the shields. 18-20[ . . . ] Col. 5 and on the sh[ie]ld of the Leader of the whole nation they shall write his name, the names "Israel,""Levi," and "Aaron," and the names of the twelve tribes of Israel according to their order of birth, 2and the names of the twelve chiefs of their tribes. The description of the arming and deployment of the divisions. 3 The rule for arranging the divisions for war when their army is complete to make a forward battle line: the battle line shall be formed of one thousand men. There shall be seven forward rows 4to each battle line, arranged in order; the station of each man behind his fellow. All of them shall bear shields of bronze, polished like 5 a face mirror. The shield shall be bound with a border of plaited work and a design of loops, the work of a skillful workman; gold, silver, and bronze bound together 6 and jewels; a multicolored brocade. It is the work of a skillful workman, artistically done. The length of the shield shall be two and a half cubits, and its breadth a cubit and a half. In their hands they can hold a lance 7 and a sword. The length of the lance shall be seven cubits, of which the socket and the blade constitute half a cubit. On the socket there she be three bands engraved as a border of plaited 8 work; of gold, silver, and copper bound together like an artistically designed work. And in the loops of the de sign, on both sides of the band 9 all around, shall be precious stones, a multicolored brocade, the work of a skillful workman, artistically done, and an ear of grain. The socket shall be grooved between the bands like 10 a column, artistically done. The blade shall be of shining white iron, the work of a skillful workman, artistically done, and an ear of grain of pure gold inlaid in the blade; tapered towards the point. The swords shall be of refined iron, purlfied in the furnace and polished like a face mirror, the work of a skillful workman, artistically done, with figures of ears of grain 7 Of pure gold embossed on both sides. The borders shall go straight to the point, two on each side. The length of the sword shall be a cubit i3 and a half and its width four fingers. The scabbard shall be four thumbs wide' end four handbreadths up to the scabbard. The scabba~d shall be tied on either ~4side with thongs of five handbreadths. The handle of the sword shall be of choice horn, the work of a skillful workman, a varicolored design with gold and silver and precious stones. 121


16And when the [ . . . take their] stand, they shall arrange seven battle lines, one behind the otherj ~7and there shall be a space [between . . . t]hirty cubits, where the infan[try] shall stand i8[,, . ] forward [ . . . ] i9-20 [ . . . they shall sling] Col. 6 seven times, and return to their position. After them, three divisions of infantry shall advance and stand between the battle lines. The first division shall heave into 2 the enemy battle line seven battle darts. On the blade of the first dart they shall write,"Flash of a spear for the strength of God." On the second weapon they shall write, 3"Missiles of blood to fell the slain by the wrath of God." On the third dart they shall write, "The blade of a sword devours the slain of wickedness by the judgment of God." 4 Each of these they shall throw seven times and then return to their position. After these, two divisions of infantry shall march forth and stand between the two battle lines, 5the first division equipped with a spear and a shield and the second division with a shield and a sword; to bring down the slain by the judgment of God, to subdue the battle line 6 Of the enemy by the power of God, and to render recompense for their evil for all the vainglorious nations. So the Kingship shall belong to the God of Israel, and by the holy ones of His people He shall act powerfully. The description of the deployment of the cavalry. 8 Seven rows of horsemen shall also take position at the right and at the 1eft of the battle line. Their ranks shall be positioned on both sides, seven hundred horsemen on one side and seven hundred on the other. Two hundred horsemen shall go out with one thousand men of the battle line of the infantry, and thu 째they shall take position on all sides of the camp. The total being four thousand six hundred men, and one thousand four hundred cavalry for the entire army arranged for the battle line; iififty for each battle line. The horsemen' with the cavalry of the men of the entire army, will be six thousand; five hundred to a tribe. All the cavalry that go out 2 to battle with the infantry shall ride stallions; swift, responsive, unrelenting, mature, trained for battle, 3 and accustomed to hearing noises and seeing all 122


kinds of scenes. Those who ride them shall be men capable in battle, trained in horsemanship, the range 4 Of their age from thirty to forty-five years. The horsemen of the army shall be from forty to fifty years old, and they 5 [ . . . ], helmets and greaves, carrying in their hands round shields and a lance eig[ht cubits long, . . . ] 16 [ .,, ] and a bow and arrows and battle darts, all of them prepared in [ . . . ] i7[ . . . ] and to shed the blood of their guilty slain. These are the [ . . . ] The recruitment and age of the soldiers. 18-2 0 [ . . . ] Col. 7 and the men of the army shall be from forty to fifty years old. The commissioners of the camps shall be from fifty to sixty years old. The officers 2 shall-also be from forty to fifty years old. All those who strip the slain, plunder the spoil, cleanse the land, guard the arms, 3 and he who prepares the provisions, all these shall be from twenty-five to thirty years old. No youth nor woman shall enter their encampments from the time they leave 4 Jerusalem to go to battle until their return. No one crippled, blind, or lame, nor a man who has a permanent blemish on his skin, or a man affected with ritual uncleanness of his flesh; none of these shall go with them to battle. All of them shall be volunteers for battle, pure of spirit and flesh, and prepared for the day of vengeance. Any 6man who is not ritually clean in respect to his genitals on the day of battle shall not go down with them into battle, for holy angels are present with their army. There shall be a distance 7 between all their camps and the latrine of about two thousand cubits, and no shameful nakedness shall be seen in the environs of all their camps. The ministry of the priests and Levites. When the battle line are arrayed against the enemy battle line against battle line there shall go forth from the middle opening into the gap between the battle lines seven priests of the sons of Aaron, dressed in fine white linen garments: a linen tunic and linen breeches, and girded with a linen sash of twined fine linen, violet, '"purple, and crimson, and a varicolored Sign, the work of a skillful workman, and decorated caps on their heads; the garments for battle, and they shall not take them into the sanctuary. The one priest shall walk before all the men of the battle line to encourage them for battle. In the hands of the remaining six shall be the trumpets of assembly' the trumpets of memorial, the trumpets of the alarm, the trumpets of pursuit, and the trumpets of reassembly. When the priests go out into the gap between the battle lines, seven 123


Levites shall go out with them. In their hands shall be seven trumpets of rams' horns. Three officers from among the Levites shall walk before the priests and the Levites. The priests shall blow the two trumpets of assembly . . . of ba]ttle upon fifty shields, and fifty infantrymen shall go out from the one gate and [ . . . ] Levites, officers. With each battle line they shall go out according to all [this] o[rder.... men of the] infantry from the gates [and they shall take positi]on between the two battle lines, and [ . . . ] the battle ] [,, . ] the trumpets shall blow continually to direct the slingmen until they have completed hurling seven times. Afterwards the priests shall blow on the trumpets of return, and they shall go along the side of the first battle line to take their position. The priests shall blow on the trumpets of assembly, and the three divisions of infantry shall go out from the gates and stand between the battle lines, and beside them the cavalrymen, Sat the right and at the left. Numbers Chapter 10 1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:

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2 'Make thee two trumpets of silver; of beaten work shalt thou make them; and they shall be unto thee for the calling of the congregation, and for causing the camps to set forward.

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3 And when they shall blow with them, all the congregation shall gather themselves unto thee at the door of the tent of meeting.

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4 And if they blow but with one, then the princes, the heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee. 5 And when ye blow an alarm, the camps that lie on the east side shall take their journey.


6 And when ye blow an alarm the second time, the camps that lie on the south side shall set forward; they shall blow an alarm for their journeys.

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7 But when the assembly is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm. 8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for a statute for ever throughout your generations.

The priests shall blow on their trumpets a level note, signals for the order of battle. And the columns shall be deployed into their formations, each to his position. When they have positioned themselves in three formations, the priests shall blow for them a second signal, a low legato note, signals for advance, until they draw near to the battle line of the enemy and take hold of their weapons. Then the priests shall blow on the six trumpets of the slain a sharp staccato note to direct the battle, and the Levites and all the people with rams' horns shall blow a great battle alarm together in order to melt the heart of the enemy. With the sound of the alarm, the battle darts shall fly out to bring down the slain. Then the sound of the rams' horns shall quiet, but on the tru[m]pets the priests shall continue to blow a sharp staccato note to direct the signals of battle until they have hurled into the battle line of the enemy seven times. Afterwards, the priests shall blow for them the trumpets of retreat, a low note, level and legato.

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According to this rule the [pr]iests shall blow for the three divisionsWhen the first division throws, the ~riests and the Levites and all the people with rams'] horns shall blow a great alarm to direct the bat[tle until they have hurled seven times. Afterwards,] the priests [shall blow] for them on the trumpe[ts of retreat . . . and they shall take their stan]d in their positions in the battle line, [ . ] and shall take up position [ . . . the slain, [and all the people with rams' horns shall blow a very loud battle alarm, and as the sound goes out Col. 9 their hands shall begin to bring down the slain, and all the people shall quiet the sound of alarm, but the priests shall continue sounding on the trumpets off the slain to direct the fighting, until the enemy is defeated and turns in retreat. The priests shall blow the alarm to direct the battle, and when they have been defeated before them, the priests shall blow the trumpets of assembly, and all the infantry shall go out to them from the midst of the front battle lines and stand, six divisions in addition to the division which is engaged in battle: altogether, seven battle lines, twenty-eight thousand soldiers, and six thousand horsemen. All these shall pursue in order to destroy the enemy in God's battle; a total annihilation. The priests shall blow for them the trumpets of pursuit, and they shall divide themselves for a pursuit of annihilation against all the enemy. The cavalry shall push the enemy back at the flanks of the battle until they are destroyed. When the slain have fallen, the priests shall continue blowing from afar and shall not enter into the midst of the slain so as to be defiled by their unclean blood, for they are holy. They shall not allow the oil of their priestly anointment to be profaned with the blood 9 0f the vainglorious nations. The description of the maneuvers of the battle divisions. Rule for changing the order of the battle divisions, in order to arrange their position against [ . . . ] a pincer movement and towers, lien arc and towers, and as it draws slowly forward, then the columns and the flanks go out from the [t]wow sides of the battle line [that] ' 2 the enemy might become discouraged. The shields of the soldiers of the towers shall be three cubits long, and their lances eight cubits l[on]g. The towers '3 shall go out from the battle line with one hundred shields on a side. F[or] they shall surround 126


the tower on the three frontal sides, 4 three hundred shields in all. There shall be three gates to a tower, one on [the right and] one on the left. Upon all the shields of the tower soldiers 5 they shall write: on the first, "My[chat]l," [on the second,"Gabriel," on the third,] "Cyril," and on the fourth "Raphael." 6 "Michael" and"Gabriel" on [the right, and "Raphael" and" Raphael" on the left. And [ . . . ] for to the four [ . . . They] shall establish an ambush for the [battle line] Of [ . . . ] and [ . . . they shall fal]1 on the s[lain . . .]

The address of the chiefpriest. 19-20 [ . , ] Col. 10 of our camps, and to keep ourselves from any shameful nakedness, and he (Moses) told us that You are in our midst, a great and awesome God, plundering all of our enemies befo[re u]s. He taught us from of old through out generations, saying, when you approach the battle, the priest shall stand and speak unto the people, 3 saying,' 127


Hear O Israel, you are approaching the battle against your enemies today. Do not be afraid nor fainthearted. 4 Do not trem[ble, no]r be terrified because of them, for your God goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, and to save you"' Deuteronomy Chapter 20 --

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2 And it shall be, when ye draw nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,

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1 When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, thou shalt not be afraid of them; for the LORD thy God is with thee, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

3 and shall say unto them: 'Hear, O Israel, ye draw nigh this day unto battle against your enemies; let not your heart faint; fear not, nor be alarmed, neither be ye affrighted at them; 4 for the LORD your God is He that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.'

Our [oflficers shall speak to all those prepared for battle, those Willing of heart, to strengthen them by the might of God, to turn back all who have who have lost heart, and to strengthen all the valiant warriors together. They shall recount that which You slpoke] by the hand of Moses, say ing: "And when there is a war 7 in your land against the adversary who attacks you, then yo[u] shall sound an alarm with the trumpets

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that you might be remembered before your God 8 and be saved from your enemies Numbers Chapter 10

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9 And when ye go to war in your land against the adversary that oppresseth you, then ye shall sound an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.

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11 And it came to pass in the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth day of the month, that the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle of the testimony.

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12 And the children of Israel set forward by their stages out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud abode in the wilderness of Paran.--

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13 And they took their first journey, according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

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15 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethanel the son of Zuar.

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16 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.

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14 And in the first place the standard of the camp of the children of Judah set forward according to their hosts; and over his host was Nahshon the son of Amminadab.


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17 And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari, who bore the tabernacle, set forward.

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18 And the standard of the camp of Reuben set forward according to their hosts; and over his host was Elizur the son of Shedeur.

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19 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

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20 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

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23 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.

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24 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni.

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25 And the standard of the camp of the - children of Dan, which was the rearward of all the camps, set forward according to their hosts; and over his host was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

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22 And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their hosts; and over his host was Elishama the son of Ammihud.

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21 And the Kohathites the bearers of the sanctuary set forward, that the tabernacle might be set up against their coming.

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26 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ochran.


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27 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan.

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28 Thus were the journeyings of the children of Israel according to their hosts.--And they set forward. {S}

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29 And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-inlaw: 'We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said: I will give it you; come thou with us, and we will do thee good; for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel.' 30 And he said unto him: 'I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred.' 31 And he said: 'Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou shalt be to us instead of eyes.

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32 And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what good soever the LORD shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee.' 33 And they set forward from the mount of the LORD three days' journey; and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them three days' journey, to seek out a resting-place for them.

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34 And the cloud of the LORD was over them by day, when they set forward from the camp. {S} 35 And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said: 'Rise up, O LORD, and let Thine enemies be

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scattered; and let them that hate Thee flee before Thee.' 36 And when it rested, he said: 'Return, O LORD, unto the ten thousands of the families of Israel

The prayer of the chief priest. Who is like You, O God of Israel, in he[av]en and on earth, that he can perform in accordance with Your great works 9 and Your great strength.Who is like Your people Israel, whom You have chosen for Yourself from all the peoples of the lands; Ă’the people of the saints of the covenant, learned in the statutes, enlightened in understan[ding . . . ] those who hear the glorious voice and see iithe holy angels, whose ears are open; hearing deep things. [O God, You have created] the expanse of the skies, the host of luminaries, 2 the task of spirits and the dominion of holy ones, the treasures of [Your] gl[ory . . . ] clouds. He who created the earth and the limits of her divisions into wilderness and plain, and a~, her o~~spring, `.vith fhe fru[its = . ] 7 the circle of the seas, the sources of the rivets, and the rift of the deeps, '4wild beasts and winged creatures, the form of man and the gener[ations of I his [see]d, the confusion of language and the separation of peoples, the abode of clans 'Sand the inheritance of the lands, [ . . . and] holy festivals, courses of years and times of ~6eternity. [ . . . ] these we know from Your understanding which [ ., . ] 17[ . . . ] Your [ears] to our cry, for [ . . ] 18[ . ] his house [ . . . ] 9 2[ . . . ] Col. 11 Truly the battle is Yours, and by the strength of Your hand their corpses have been broken to pieces, without anyone to bury them. Indeed, Goliath the Gittitej a mighty man of valor, 2 You delivered into the hand of David, Your servant, because he trusted in Your great name and not in sword and spear. For the battle is Yours. 3 He subdued the Philistines many times by Your holy name. Also by the hand of our kings You rescued us many times 4 because of Your mercy; not according to our works, for we have acted wickedly, nor for the acts of our rebelliousness. The battle is Yours, the strength is from You, sit is not our own. Neither our power nor the strength of our hand have done valiantly, but rather by Your power and the strength of Your great valor. 132


Note: In 2 Samuel 21:15-22--1 Samuel Chapter17 -

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48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

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46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into my hand; and I will smite thee, and take thy head from off thee; and I will give the carcasses of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel; 47 and that all this assembly may know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD'S, and He will give you into our hand.' {S}

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45 Then said David to the Philistine: 'Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a javelin; but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast taunted.

49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slung it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead; and the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell upon his face to the earth. 50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.


51 And David ran, and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw that their mighty man was dead, they fled.

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52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou comest to Gai, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. 53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their camp.

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54 And David took the head of the philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. {S}

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55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host: 'Abner, whose son is this youth?' And Abner said: 'As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.' 56 And the king said: 'Inquire thou whose son the stripling is.' {S} 57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.

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58 And Saul said to him: 'Whose son art thou, thou young man?' And David answered: 'I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Beth-lehemite.'


Just as You told 6 us in time past, saying: "There shall come forth a star out of Jacob, a scepter shall rite out of Israel, and shall crush the forehead of Moab and tear down a~ sons of Sheth, 7and he shan desceIld 'o~ Jacob 135


and shall destroy the remnant from the city, and the enemy shall be a possession, and Israel shall do valiantly (Num. 24:17-19)

. By the hand of Your anointed ones, 8 seers of things appointed, You have told us about the ti[mes] of the wars of Your hands in order that You may glorify Yourself {fight} among our enemies, to bring down the hordes of Belial, the seven 9 vainglorious nations, at the hand of the oppressed whom You have redeemed [vith powe]r and retribution; a wondrous strength. A heart that melts shall be as a door of hope. You will do to them as You did to Pharaoh '째and the officers of his chariots in the Red Sea. You will ignite the humble of spirit like a fiery torch of fire in a sheaf, consuming the wicked. DOOR OF HOPE You shall not turn back until "the annihilation of the guilty. In time past You foretold [the appointed time for Your handis powerful work against the Kittim, saying: And Assyria shall fall by a sword not of man, and a sword, '2not of men, shall consume him (Isa. 31: 8) . 13For into the hand of the oppressed You will deliver the [ene]mies of all the lands; into the hands of those who are prostrate in the dust, in order to bring down all mighty men of ~h\e peoples, to return the recompense '4Of the wicked on the head of [ . . . ], to pronounce the just judgment of Your truth on all sons of man, and to make for Yourself an everlasting name among the people. 's[ . . . ] tee wars, and to show Yourself great and holy before the remnant of the nations, so that [they] may know [that] '6~ou are God . . . when You] carry out judgments on (fog and on all his company that are as[semb]led [abou]t l,us . . . ] 136


17[ . . . ], for You will do battle against them from the heave[ns . ] 18[,, . ] upon them for confusion [ ] i9 20[ . ] Col. 12 For You have a multitude of holy ones in the heavens and hosts of angels in Your exalted dwelling to pr[aise] Your [name]. The chosen ones of the holy people 2You have established for Yourself in a [community. The nu]mber (or The b]ook) of the names of all their host is with You in Your holy dwelling, and the n[umber of the holy one]s is in the abode of Your glory. 3 Mercies of blessing [ . . . ] and Your covenant of peace You engraved for them with a stylus of life in order to reign o[ver them]: for all time, 4commissioning the hos[ts of I Your [e]lect by their thousands and tens of thousands together with Your holy ones [and] Your angels, and directing them Sin battle [so as to condemn] the earthly adversaries by trial with Your judgments. With the elect of heaven [they] shall prev[ail]. 7 And You, O God, are awe[some] in the glory of Your dominion, and the company of Your holy ones is in our midst for etern[al] support.We [shall direc3t our contempt at kings, derision 9 and disdain at mighty men. For the Lord is holy, and the King of Glory is with us together with the holy ones. Migh[ty men and] a host of angels are with our commissioned forces. 9 The Hero of Wa[r] is with our company, and the host of His spirits is with our steps Our horse r^lien are [as] ~he clouds and as the mist covering the earth, '째and as a steady downpour shedding judgment on all her offspring. Rise up, O Hero, take Your captives, O Glorious One, take iYour plunder, O You who do valiantly. Lay Your hand upon the neck of Your enemies, and Your foot upon the backs of the slain. Crush the nations, Your adversaries, and may Your sword devour guilty flesh. Fill Your land with glory, and Your heritance with blessing. An abundance of cattle in Your fields; silver and gold and precious stones in Your palaces. O Zion, rejoice greatly, and shine with joyful songs, O Jerusalem. Rejoice, all you cities of Judah, open your gate[s] forever that the wealth of the nations might be brought to you, and their kings shall serve you. Isaiah Chapter 60 1 Arise, shine, for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. 137


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2 For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples; but upon thee the LORD will arise, and His glory shall be seen upon thee.

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5 Then thou shalt see and be radiant, and thy heart shall throb and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be turned unto thee, the wealth of the nations shall come unto thee. 6 The caravan of camels shall cover thee, and of the young camels of Midian and Ephah, all coming from Sheba; they shall bring gold and incense, and shall proclaim the praises of the LORD.

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7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee; they shall come up with acceptance on Mine altar, and I will glorify My glorious house.

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8 Who are these that fly as a

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4 Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: they all are gathered together, and come to thee; thy sons come from far, and thy daughters are borne on the side.


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9 Surely the isles shall wait for Me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, for the name of the LORD thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel, because He hath glorified thee. 10 And aliens shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee; for in My wrath I smote thee, but in My favour have I had compassion on thee.

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11 Thy gates also shall be open continually, day and night, they shall not be shut; that men may bring unto thee the wealth of the nations, and their kings in procession. -

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13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the cypress, the plane-tree and the larch together; to beautify the place of My sanctuary, and I will make the place of My feet glorious.

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12 For that nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.

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14 And the sons of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee, and all they that


despised thee shall bow down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee the city of the LORD, the Zion of the Holy One of Israel. 15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man passed through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations. 16 Thou shalt also suck the milk of the nations, and shalt suck the breast of kings; and thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour, and I, the Mighty One of Jacob, thy Redeemer. 17 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron; I will also make thy officers peace, and righteousness thy magistrates.

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18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, desolation nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.

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19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day, neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee; but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.

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20 Thy sun shall no more go down, Neither shall thy moon withdraw itself; for the LORD


shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. 21 Thy people also shall be all righteous, they shall inherit the land for ever; the branch of My planting, the work of My hands, wherein I glory. 22 The smallest shall become a thousand, and the least a mighty nation; I the LORD will hasten it in its time. {S}

All they that oppressed you shall bow down to you, and the dust 15 of your feet they shall lick. O daughter]s of my people shout out with a voice of joy, adorn yourselves with ornaments of glory Rule over the ki[ngdom of the ],16[,, . and I]srael to reign eternally.17[ . . . ] them the mighty men of war, O Jerusalem [ . . . ] 18~3e exalt]ed above the heavens, O Lord, [and let Your glory be above all the earth . . . ]19[ . . . ] The blessings of the war recited by all the leaders after the victory. 20 [,, . And then the Chief Priest shall stand] Col. 13 land his brothers the [pr]iests, the Levites, and all the elders of the Army with him. They shall bless from their position, the God of Israel and all His works of truth, and they shall curse 2 Bepi]al there and all the spirits of his forces. And they shall say response: "Blessed is the God of Israel for all His holy purpose and His works of truth. And blessed are 3an those who serve Him righteously who know Him by faith. 4And cursed is Belial for his contentious purpose, and accursed for his reprehensible rule. And cursed are all the spirits of his lot for their wicked purpose. sAccursed are they for all their filthy dirty service. For they are the lot of darkness, but the lot of God is light 6 [eterna]1. 7 Y[o]u are the God of our fathers. 141


Isaiah 11:11. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. 12. And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. 13. The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.

We bless Your name forever, for we are an [eter]na[l] people. You made a covenant with our fathers, and will establish it for their seed 8throughout the ages of eternity. In all the testimonies of Your glory there has been remembrance of Your [kindness] in our midst as an assistance to the remnant and the survivors for the sake of Your covenant 9 and to re[count] Your works of truth and the judgments of Your wondrous strength. And You, [O God], created us for Yourself as an eternal people, and into the lot of light You cast us l째in accordance with Your truth. Isaiah 10:20. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. 21. The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. 22. For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. 23. For the Lord God of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land. 24. Therefore thus saith the Lord God of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt. 25. For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine 142


anger in their destruction. 26. And the Lord of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.

You appointed the Prince of Light from of old to assist us, for in [His] l[ot are all sons of righteous]ness and all spirits of truth are in his dominion. You yourself made Belial for the pit, an angel of malevolence, his [dominio]n is in darkne[ss] and his counsel is to condemn and convict. All the spirits 12 0f his lot -- the angels of destruction-- walk in accord with the rule of darkness, for it is their only [des]ire. But we, in the lot of Your truth, rejoice in 13Your mighty hand. Jeremiah 2:9. Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities which are on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Bethjeshimoth, Baalmeon, and Kiriathaim,s. 11. And I will execute judgments upon Moab; and they shall know that I am the Lord 12. Thus saith the Lord God; Because that Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them;13. Therefore thus saith the Lord God; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword.14. And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel: and they shall do 143

1 .Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.


in Edom according to mine anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance, saith the Lord God. We rejoice in Your salvation, and revel in [Your] hel[p and] Your [p]eace. Who is like You in strength, O God of Israel, and yet 14Your mighty hand is with the oppressed. Psalms: Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver; 9. Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph. 10. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom? 11. Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts? 12. Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man. 13. Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies

Psalms 60:8. Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me. 9. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom? 10. Wilt not thou, O God, which hadst cast us off? and thou, O God, which didst not go out with our armies?

What angel or prince is like You for [Your] effe[ctual] support, [fo]r of old You appointed for Yourself a day of gre[at battle [ . . . ] Michael =who is like God. 13[ . . . ] to [sup]port truth and to destroy iniquity, to bring darkness low and to lend might to light, and to [ . . . ] 16[ . . ] for an eterna1 stand, and to annihilate all the Sons of Darkness and bring joy to [al]l [the Sons of Light....] 17[ . . . ] 18[ . . f]or You Yourself designated us for an app[ointed time . . . ] 144


19-20[,,, ] Col. 14 like the fire of His fury against the idols of Egypt." Jer.25v19-26; 19. Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people; 20. And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod, 21. Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon, 22. And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea, 23. Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners, 24. And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert, 25. And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes, 26. And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.

The blessings of the war recited by all the leaders in the morning before the battle. 7 After they have withdrawn from the slain to enter the camp, all of them shall sing the hymn of return. In the morning they shall wash their clothes, cleanse themselves 30 of the blood of the sinful bodies, and return to the place where they had stood, where they had formed the battle line before the slain of the enemy fell. There they shall all bless 4 the God of Israel and joyously exalt His name together. They shall say in response: "Blessed is the God of Israel, who guards loving-kindness for His covenant and the appointed times 5 0f salvation for the people He redeems. He has called those who stumble unto wondrous [accomplishment]s, and

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He has gathered a congregation of nations for annihilation without remnant in order to raise up in judgment

Amos 1 :1. The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake. 2. And he said, The Lord will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither. 3. Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron: 4. But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad. 5. I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the Lord. 6. Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver them up to Edom: 7. But I will send a fire on the wall 146

Jer.9 25. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised; 26. Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.


of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof: 8. And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord God. 9. Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant: 10. But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof. 11. Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever: 12. But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah. 13. Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border: 14. But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in 147


the day of the whirlwind: 15. And their king shall go into captivity, he and his princes together, saith the Lord.

6 he whose heart has melted, to open a mouth for the dumb to sing [God's] mighty deeds, and to teach feeble [hands] warfare. He gives those whose knees shake strength to stand, Isa the dumb shall

7 and strengthens those who have been smitten from the hips to the shoulder. Among the poor in spirit [ . . . ] a hard heart, and by those whose way is perfect shall all wicked nations come to an end; 9there will be no place for all their mighty men. But we are the remn[ant of Your people. Blessed is] Your name, O God of loving-kindness, the One who kept the covenant for our forefathers. Throughout 9 all our generations You have made Your mercies wondrous for the rem[nant of the people] during the dominion of Belial.With all the mysteries of his hatred they have not led us astray l째from Your covenant. His spirits of destruction You have driven [away from us. And when the me]n of his dominion [condemned themselves], You have preserved the lives of Your redeemed. You raised up lithe fallen by Your strength, but those who are great in height You will cut dow[n to humble them. And] there is no rescuer for all their mighty men, and no place of refuge for their swift ones. To their honored men 12You will return shame, and all [their] vain existence [shall be as not]hing. But we, Your holy people, shall praise Your name for Your works of truth. 13 Because of Your mighty deeds we shall exalt your] splendor in epochs and appointed times of eternity, at the beginning of day, at night i4and at dawn and dusk. For Your [glorio]us p[urpose] is great and Your

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wondrous mysteries are in [Your] high heavens, to [raise u]p those for Yourself from the dust 15and to humble those of the gods. Zephaniah 2 8. I have heard the reproach of Moab, and the revilings of the children of Ammon, whereby they have reproached my people, and magnified themselves against their border. 9. Therefore as I live, saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, Surely Moab shall be as Sodom, and the children of Ammon as Gomorrah, even the breeding of nettles, and saltpits, and a perpetual desolation: the residue of my people shall spoil them, and the remnant of my people shall possess them. 11. The Lord will be terrible unto them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall worship him, every one from his place, even all the isles of the heathen.

16 Rise up, rise up, O God of gods, and raise Yourself in power, [O King of Kings . . ] 7 1et all the Sons of Darkness [scatter from before You.] Let the light of Your majesty shi[ne forever upon gods and men, as a fire burning in the dark places of the damned] ~8 Obadiah 1. The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord God concerning Edom; We have heard a rumour from the Lord, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle. 2. Behold, I have made thee small among the heathen: thou art greatly despised. 3. The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground? 4. Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the Lord.5. If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave some grapes?6. How are the things of Esau searched out! how are his hidden things sought up 7. All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, and prevailed against thee; they that eat thy bread have laid 149


a wound under thee: there is none understanding in him.8. Shall I not in that day, saith the Lord, even destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau? 9. And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter. 10. For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. 11. In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them. 13. Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity; 14. Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress. 15. For the day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head. 16. For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been. 17. But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions. 18. And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the Lord hath spoken it. 19. And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin shall possess Gilead. 20. And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south. 21. And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the Lord's.

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Let it burn [the damned of Sheol, as an [eternal] burning [among the transgressors . . . in all the appointed times of eternity."] 19 [They shall repeat all the thanksgiving hymns of battle there and then return to their camps ] 20 [,, . ] Col. 15 For it is a time of distress for Isra[el, a fixed gtme of battle against all the nations. The purpose of God is eternal redemption, 2 but annihilation for all nations of wickedness. All those pr[epared] for battle shall set out and camp opposite the king of the Kittim and all the forces 3 Of Belial that are assembled with him for a day [of vengeance] by the sword of God. The final battle the first engagement. 4 Then the Chief Priest shall stand, and with him his brothers the p[riests], the Levites, and all the men of the army. He shall read aloud 5 the prayer for the appointed time of battle, as is written in the boo]k SereLh Itto (The Rule of His Time), including all the words of their thanksgivings. Then he shall form there all the battle lines, as writ[ten in the Book of the War. Then the priest appointed for the time of vengeance by 7 all his brothers shall walk about and encourage [them for the battl]e, and he shall say in response: "Be strong and courageous as warriors. 9 Fear not, nor be discoura[ged and let not y]our [heart be faint.] Do not panic, neither be alarmed because of them. Do not 9turn back nor [flee from the]m. For they are a wicked congregation, all their deeds are in darkness; i째it is [their] desire. [They have established al]l their refuge [in a lie], their strength is as smoke that vanishes, and all their vast assembly [is as chaff which blows away . . . de]solation, and shall not be found. Every creature of greed shall wither quickly away 2[1ike a flow]er at ha[rvest time.... Come,] strengthen yourselves for the battle of God, for this day is an appointed time of battle 13 [for~G]od against all the n[ations, . . . 151


judgm]ent upon all flesh. The God of Israel is raising His hand in His wondrous [streng]th 14 [against all the spirits of wick[edness.... m]ighty ones of the gods are girding themselves for battl[e, and] the formation[s of the3 h[o]ly ones is[are rea]dying themselves for a day of [vengeance . . . ] 16the God of I[srae]l [ . . . ] i7to remove Bel[ial . . . ] 15in his hell [ ] 19-20[ . . ] Col. 16 [until every source [of . . . is come to an end. For] the God of Israel has called out a sword against all the nations, and by the holy ones of His people He will do mightily." 3 They shall carry out all this Rule [on] that [day] at the place where they stand opposite the camps of the Kittim. Then the priests shall blow for them the trumpets 4 Of remembrance. The gates of w[ar] shall open, [and] the infantry shall go out and stand in columns between the battle lines. (stand in the gap) The priests shall blow for them 5a signal for the formation and the columns [shall deplo]y at the sound of the trumpets until each man has taken his station. Then the priests shall blow for them 6a second signal: [signs for confron]tation. When they stand near the battle line of the Kittim, within throwing range, each man shall raise his hand with his weapon of 7war. Then the six [priests shall blow on the tr]umpets of the slain a sharp staccato note to direct the fighting. The Levites and the all the people with 8 rams' horns shall blow [a battle signa]l, a loud noise. As the sound goes forth, the infantry shall begin to bring down the slain of the Kittim, and all 9 the people shall cease the signal, [but the priest]s shall continue blowing on the trumpets of the slain and the battle shall prevail against the Kittim.

The final battle the second engagement. 152


Ă’When [Belial] prepares himself to assist the Sons of Darkness, and the slain among the infantry begin to fall by God's mysteries and to test by these mysteries all those appointed for battle, 12 the priests shall blow the trumpets of assembly so that another battle line might go forth as a battle reserve, and they shall take up position between the battle lines. ~3 For those employed in battle they shall blow a signal to return. Then the Chief Priest shall approach and stand before the battle line, and shall encourage ~4 their heart by [the wondrous might of God and] fortify their hands for His battle. I5 And he shall say in response: ["Blessed is God, for] He tests the he[ar]t of His people in the crucible. And not [ . . . ] have your slain [ . . . ]. For you have obeyed from of old i 16 the mysteries of God. [Now as for you, take courage and stand in the gap, do not fear when God strengthens . . . ] 17-20 [ . . ] Col. 17 land He shall appoint their retribution with burning [ . . . ] those tested by the crucible. He shall sharpen the implements of war, and they shall not become blunt until [all the nations ofl wickedness [come to an end]. 2 But, as for you, remember the judgment [of Nadab and Abi]hu, the sons of Aaron, by whose judgment God showed Himself holy before [all the people. But Eleazar] 3 and Ithamar He preserved for Himself for an eternal covenant [of priesthood]. 4 But, as for you, take courage and do not fear them [ . . . for] their end is emptine and their desire is for the void. Their support is without st[rength] and they do not [know that from the God] of Israel is all that is and that will be. He [ . . . ] in all which exists for eternity. Today is His appointed time to subdue and to humiliate the prince of the realms of wickedness. Jer. 9:25. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised; 26. Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.

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He will send eternal support to the company of His redeemed by the power of the majestic angel of the authority of Michael. By eternal light 7 He shall joyfully light up the covenant of Israel peace and blessing for the lot of God-to exalt the authority of Michael among the gods and the dominion 8Of Israel among all flesh. Righteousness shall rejoice on high, and al1 sons of His truth shall rejOice in eternal knowledge. But as for you, O sons of His covenant, 9take courage in God's crucible, until He shall wave His hand and complete His fiery trials; His mysteries concerning your existence." The final battle the third engagement. 째And after these words the priests shall blow for them a signal to form the divisions of the battle line. The columns shall be deployed at the sound of the trumpets, until each man has taken his station. Then the priests shall blow another signal on the trumpets, signs for confrontation. When the infa[ntry] has approached [the battle] line of the Kitt[im], within throwing range, each man shall raise his hand with his weapon. Then the priests shall blow on the trumpets of the slain [and the Levites and the al] the people with rams' horns shall sound a signal for battle. The infantry shall attack the army of the Kittim, [and as the soun]d [of the si]gnal [goes forth], they shall begin to bring down their slain. Then all the people shall still the sound of the signal, while the priests continuously blow on [the trumpets of the slain], and the bat[tl]e p[revail]s against the K[ittim, and the troops of Belia]l are defeated before them. Thus in the th[ird] lot [ . . . ] to fall slain [ . . . ]

The final battle the fourth, fifth, and sixth engagements. Nothing of these engagements is preserved. The final battle the seventh engagement. Col. 18 [and in the seven]th [log, when the great hand of God shall be lifted up against Belial and against all the fo[rc]es of his dominion for an eternal 154


slaughter 2[,, . ] and the shout of the holy ones when they pursue Assyria. Then the sons of Japheth shall fall, never to rise again, and the Kitum shall be crushed without 3[remnant and survivor. So] the God of Israel shall raise His hand agcunst the whole multitude of Belial. At that time the priests shall sound a signal 4 [on the six trumpegs of remembrance, and all the battle formations shall be gathered to them and divide against all the ca[mps of the Ki]ttim to completely destroy them. [And] when the sun hastens to set on that day, the Chief Priest and the priests and the [Levites] who are 6with him, and the chiefs [of the battle lines and the men] of the army shall bless the God of Israel there. They shall say in response: Blessed is Your name, O God [of god]s, for 7 You have done wondrous things for Your people, and have kept Your covenant for us from of old. Many times You have opened the gates of salvation for us 8for the sak[e of ~ Your [co]venant. [And You provided flor our affliction in accord with Your goodness toward us. You, O God of righteousness, have acted for the sake of Your name. Thanksgiving for final victory. [ . . . ] You have idone w]onders upon wonders with us, but f om of old there has been nothing like it, for You have known our appointed time. Today [Your] power has shined forth i~for us, [and] You [have shown] us the hand of Your mercies with us in eternal redemption, in order to remove the dominion of the enemy, that it might be no more; the hand of Your strength. '7In bat[tle You shall show Yourself strong aga]inst our enemies for an absolute slaughter. Now the day is pressing upon us [to] pursue their multitude, for You ~3[ . . . ] and the heart of warriors You have broken so that no one is able to stand. Yours is the might, and the battle is in Your hand, and there is no i4[God like You . . . ] Your [ . . . ] and the appointed times of Your will, and reprisal [ . -. . ] Your [enemie]s, and You will cut offfrom [ . . . ] is i9[,,, ] 20[,, .

And we shall direct our contempt at kings,] Col. 19 [derision and disdain at mi]ghty men. For our Majestic One is holy. The King of Glory is with us and the h[ost of His spirits is with our steps. Our horsemen are] 7 [as the clouds and as the rnis]t covering the earth; as a steady downpour shedding judgment on ap1 her offspring.]

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[Rise up, O Hero,] 3 [Take Your captives, O Glorious One, and ta]ke Your plunder, O YouWho do valiantly. Lay Your hand upon the neck of Your enemies, and Your fo[o]t [upon the backs of 1 4 [the slain. Crush the nations, Yo]ur [adversaries,] and let Your sword devour flesh. Fill Your land with glory, and Your inheritance with blessing. An ab[undance of cattle is] s[in Your fields, silver and gold] in Your palaces. O Zion, rejoice greatly, and rejoice, all you cities of Ju[dah. Open] 6[your gates forever, so thag the wealth of the nations [might be brought to you, and their kings shall serve you. All they that oppressed] you shall bow down to you, 7 [and they shall lick the dust of your feet. O dau]ghters of my [peo]ple, burst out with a voice of joy. Adorn yourselves with ornaments of glory, and r[ule] over the ki[ngdom of the . . . ] 8 [,, . ] Your [ . . . ]. and Israel for an [egernal dominion. Ceremony after the final battle. 9[Then they shall gather] in the camp that n[ig]ht for rest until the morning. In the morning they shall come to the p[La]ce of the battle line, i째 [where the mi]ghty men ofthe Kittim [fell], as well as the multitude of Assyria, and the forces of all the nations that were assembled unto them, to see whether [the mu]ltitude of slain [are dead] ~~[with none to bury them; those who] fell there by the sword of God. And the Hi[gh] Priest shall approach there [with] his [depu]ty, his brothers [the priests,] ~2[and the Levites with the Leader] of the battle, and all the chiefs of the battle lines and [their officers . . . ] i3[ . . . together. When they stand before the s]lain of the Kitt[im, they shall pr]aise there the God [of Israel. And they shall say in response: . . . ] 14[ . . . to God most high and . . .]

4Q491 (4Q Milhamah)Web Commentary In the publication by the original editors, the fragments of 4Q491 were considered to be the remains of a single work. This work was thought to be a form of the War Scroll, one with extensive portions that found no exact match in the Cave 1 copy. A recent thorough study of the evidence, however, suggests that 4Q491 is instead three distinct manuscripts. The original editors had been deceived by the similar 156


appearance of these manuscripts and had mistakenly grouped three texts together. Thus reorganized, the manuscripts can now be characterized as follows. Manuscript A represents a text that is similar to the Cave 1 copy, but with a fuller representation of the seven engagements of the troops in the final battle. Manuscript B appears to be a shorter, "Reader's Digest" form of the Cave 1 composition. Manuscript C comprises a hymn that is not even related to the War Scroll. Rather, it is related to the Thanksgiving Psalms (text 3). The original publication of Manuscript C's poem suggested that it was spoken by the Archangel Michael (cf. Dan. 10:13; Rev. 12:7), who features prominently in the War Scroll (lQM 17:6-7). The recently available manuscripts from Cave 4, however, now show that this notion is mistaken. Instead, the identity of the speaker here must be directly connected to that of the speaker in the Thanksgiving Psalms. Commentary from web Col. 26 of those psalms contains the same key elements we find here in Manuscript C. The first-person account, so characteristic of the Thanksgiving Psalms, is the form of address in both places. Moreover, in both poems the author makes the fantastic claim that none can be compared to him, because he is on equal footing with the heavenly beings (probably to be understood as angels)! If it is concluded that the Teacher of Righteousness wrote the Thanksgiving Psalms, he penned Manuscript C's text as well. A variant of the blessings of the war recited by all the leaders in the morning before the battle. Compare 1QM. 14:4419 above. 4Q491 Manuscript A Frag. 10 Col. 2 7[ ] 8 in the Kitti[m . . . ] 9the infantrymen shall begin [to bring down the casualties of the Kittim . . . And the] I battle [shall prevail] against the Kittim [ . . . ] the corpses of the place of refining [shall begin] to fall by [the mysteries] of God. And the p[riests shall sound the trumpets of assembly . . . ] 1 2battle among the Kittim. And to the first battle formation . . . ] 13 And the priest designated for the battle shall draw near and stand [be]fore [the battle formation . 157


. . ]14 and he shall strengthen their hands by recounting His wondrous deeds. Then he shall sa[y] in response [ . . . fire of I vengeance, to consume among gods and men. For [He shall] not [ . . . ] 16 flesh, except dust (?). For now [ . . . ] 37and [tne fire] shall consume as far as Sheol. And the council of wickedness [ . . . ]

Isaiah Chapter 9 1 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; they that dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. 2 Thou hast multiplied the nation, Thou hast increased their joy; they joy before Thee according to the joy in harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. -

3 For the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, Thou hast broken as in the day of Midian.

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4 For every boot stamped with fierceness, and every cloak rolled in blood, shall even be for burning, for fuel of fire.

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5 For a child is born unto us, a son is given unto us; and the government is upon his shoulder; and his name is called Pele-joez-elgibbor-Abi-ad-sar-shalom; 6 That the government may be increased, and of peace there be no


end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it through justice and through righteousness from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts doth perform this. {P}

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7 The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel. 8 And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in pride and in arrogancy of heart: 9 'The bricks are fallen, but we will build with hewn stones; the sycamores are cut down, but cedars will we put in their place.' -

10 Therefore the LORD doth set upon high the adversaries of Rezin against him, and spur his enemies;

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12 Yet the people turneth not unto Him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts. {S}

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13 Therefore the LORD doth cut off from Israel head and tail, palmbranch and rush, in one day.

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11 The Arameans on the east, and the Philistines on the west; and they devour Israel with open mouth. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

14 The elder and the man of rank, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.


15 For they that lead this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are destroyed.

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19 And one snatcheth on the right hand, and is hungry; and he eateth on the left hand, and is not satisfied; they eat every man the flesh of his own arm:

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20 Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh; and they together are against Judah. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still. {S}

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17 For wickedness burneth as the fire; it devoureth the briers and thorns; yea, it kindleth in the thickets of the forest, and they roll upward in thick clouds of smoke. 18 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land burnt up; the people also are as the fuel of fire; no man spareth his brother.

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16 Therefore the Lord shall have no joy in their young men, neither shall He have compassion on their fatherless and widows; for every one is ungodly and an evil-doer, and every mouth speaketh wantonness. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

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Frags. 11-15 represent a variant of 1QM cols. 1~17 above. Frag. 11 Col. 2 14[ . . . He is] faithful, and the relief which His redemption [ . . . ] i5[ . . . son]s of truth and to remove the faint of heart and to strengthen the he[art ] 16[,, . the batt]le today, the God of Isr[ael] shall 160


subdue him (Belial?) [ . . . ] 17[ . . . ] with no place to stand. And [the kingdo]m shall be for God and the salvatio[n] for His people [ ] 18[,,, ] like as to Belial. But God's covenant is peace [for] Israel in all the times [of eternity . . . ] 19And after these words the priests shall blow to order the second battle with the Kit[tim. And when each man has taken] 20 his station, then the priests shall blow a second signal for advance. When they have approached the ba[ttle line of the Kittim, within throwing range,] 2l each man [shall ra]ise his hand with his battle weapon. Then the priests shall b[lo]w on the tr[umpets of the [slain a staccato note] 22 [to direct the battle and the Levites] and the all the people with rams' horns shall so[u]nd [a loud] n[ote . . . And when] 23 [the sound of the blast is heard, they shall begin to bring do]wn the casualties of the guilty. The sound of the [ ] 24[,,, ] Frag. 13 1[ . . . width the gods [ . . . ] 2[ . . . ] the smallest of you shall pursue a tho[usand . . . ] 3 [ . . . And after] these [w]ords, [the priests] shall blow [to order the third battle with the Kittim and the columns] 4 [shall deploy at the sound of the trum]pets. When each m[an] has taken [his position] by division, [the priest shall blow a second blast on the trumpets for] 5. [advance. When] they [have approached] the battle line of the Kittim, within throwing range, [each man] shall raise his hand [with his battle weapon. The priests shall blow, to direct 6[the battle, on the (rumpets of the slain, a staccato note. Then the Levites and all [the people with rams' horns shall sound a battle blast, and the formations] 7 [shall be figh]ting one behind the other with no space between them. For [ ] 8 [ . . . and] all the people shall answer, raising [on]e voice, and say [ . . . ]Frag. 15 1 [ . . . ] and there is no [ ] 2[,, . ] and a processio[n behold we are taking position to advance [ . . . ] 4[ . . . ] 5[ . . . And] he shall say to them in response,"Be strong and courageous [,,, ] 6[,, . For the] outstretched [hand] of God is upon all the Gentiles, [He shall] not [ . . . ] 7[ . . . ] kingship is [for God] Almighty and salvation is for His people. And y[ou ] 8[,, . ] his [im]purity, the gods shall advance upon you with [ . . . ] 9[ . . . ] and to cast all [their] corpse[s . . . ] i째[ . . . ] and all the spirits of [his] lot [ . . . ] 11[ . . . ] eternal, together wi[th ] 13[ . . . ] war [ . . . ]

Manuscript B presents a much shorter version of the War Scroll than the one discovered in Cave 1.

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4Q491 Manuscript B Frags. 1-3 1 Korah and hus congregation [ . . . ] judgment [ . . . ] 2 before the whole congregation of [ . . . jud]gment as sign[s . . . ] 3and the chief of his angels with their [forces,] to direct their hand [in] battle. [ . . . ] for the chariotry and the hor[semen . . . ] 4The hand of God shall strike [ . . . ] for eternal annihilation [ . . . ] they shall atone for you [ . . . ] all the princes [ . . . ] 5 His holiness in eternal lio]y [ . . . ] And after [ . . . ] the congregation and apl] the prince[s . . . ] shall not go to the enemy battle lines [ . . . ]6 This is the rule when they camp and [ . . . and in] their divisions [ . . . ] around, outside [ . . .] and women, young boys, and any man who is afflicted with impurity in his flesh shall not come near] 7 [the battle] line. The craftsmen [and blacksm]iths and those enlisted as [ . . . ] for their watches [ . . the battle line until they return. 4Q491 frs. 1-3 = M2 Vermes p. 125 And there shall be two thousand cubits between the [camps and the latrine, so] 8 no nakedness might be seen in their surroundings. And when they set out to prepare for battle [so as to sub]due [the enemy], some of them [shall be] dismissed by lot from each tribe according to those enlisted for [each] day's duty. 9 hat day, men from each tribe [shall] go out from the camps to the house of me[eting . . . and] the [priest]s, the Levites, and all the chiefs of the camps [shall] go out to them. 1saiah 63. Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance. 18. The people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary. 19. We are thine: thou never barest rule over them; they were not called by thy name

Then they shall pass before [them] there [ . . . ] 10 째by thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens. Each man who is not [clean in regard to his genitals] that [nig]ht [shall] no[t g]o out with them to battle. For the holy angels are with 162


their battle lines [ . . . ] '[When] the formation standing ready to pass to all [ . . . ] of battle for that day [g]oes up [ . . . ], three formations shall stand one behind the other, and they shall establish a space between [each] battle formation. 12 [Then they shall go out] to the battle in turn. These are the [infan]trymen and alongside them are [cavalry]men, [and they shall take their position between the battle] formations. But if they establish an ambush for a battle formation, the three ambushing formations shall [stay at a dist]ance and not ris[e up . . . ] '3 [ . . . ] the battle. When they [h]ear the trumpets of alarm, the [infantry]men [shall begin to bring do]wn the guilty casualties. Then the ambush shall rise up from its place and also order its [battle form]ations [ . . . 314 The reassembly: from the right and left, from be[hind and before, the f]our direction[s . . . ] in the battles of annihilation. All the battle formation[s] which engaged the en[emy] for battle [shall be gathered]: 5 together. The [fi]rst battle formation shall [set out-to battle] and the second shall remain standting] at their post.When their period is completed, the first shall return and s[tand . ] : 6 The sec[ond foray . . . ] when the battle is arrayed. When the second battle formation shall have completed their period, they shall return and t[ake their position.] 17And the t[hird foray . . . Then the Chief Priest shall take his stand with his brothers the priests,] the Levites, and men [of the arm]y. And all the while the priests shall be sounding on the trumpets[ . . . ][ ] 18A lin[en] sash [of twined fine linen, violet, purple, and crimson, and a varicolored design, the work of a skillful workman, and decorated c]aps [on 'their heads. And they shall not take them into the sanctuary,3 f [or] they are garments for bat[tle.]According to all [this] rule i . . . ] chiefs of the camp [ . . . ] 2 째for [ . . . ] all [ . . . ] they will completely annihilate [ . . . ] This manuscript, mistakenly labeled as a copy of the War Scroll, is instead a copy of a hymn similar to the Thanksgiving Psalms. 4Q491 Manuscript C Frag. 11 Col. 1 8 [,, . ] who does wondrous things [ . . . ] 9 [ . . . in the pow] er of his strength the rig[hteou]s cry out, and the holy ones rejoice [ . . . ] justly lOt . . I]srael. He established His truth from of old, and the mysteries of His cunning in eve[ry . . . ] strength ~~[ . . . ] and the society of the oppressed as an eternal congregation [ . . . ] perfect of 2 [ . . . ] eternal, a mighty throne in the congregation of the gods.None of the ancient kings shall sit on it, and their nobles shall] not [ . . . There are no]ne comparable 3 [to me in] my glory, no one shall be exalted besides 163


me; none shall associate with me. For I dwelt in the [ . . . ] in the heavens, and there is no one i4[ . . . ]. Jer. 3: 21 A voice was heard upon the high places, weeping and supplications of the children of Israel: for they have perverted their way, and they have forgotten the Lord their God. 22. Return, ye backsliding children, and I will heal your backslidings. Behold, we come unto thee; for thou art the Lord our God. 23. Truly in vain is salvation hoped for from the hills, and from the multitude of mountains: truly in the Lord our God is the salvation of Israel. 24. For shame hath devoured the labour of our fathers from our youth; their flocks and their herds, their sons and their daughters. 25. We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the Lord our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God.

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Joel 3: 11. Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O Lord. 12. Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about. 13. Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great. 14. Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision. 15. The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. 16. The Lord also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the Lord will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. 17. So shall ye know that I am the Lord your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more. 18. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the Lord, and shall water the valley of Shittim. 19. Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah,


because they have shed innocent blood in their land. 20. But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. 21. For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the Lord dwelleth in Zion.

1 QM WAR SCROLL CONTINUED. I am reckoned with the gods and my abode is in the holy congregation. [My] desi[re] is not according to the flesh, and everything precious to me is in the glory 5 [of the holy [habit]ation. [Wh]om have I considered contemptible? Who is comparable to me in my glory? Who of those who sail the seas shall return telling i6 [of] my [equa]l? Who shall [experience] troubles like me? And who is like me [in bearing] evil?I have not been taught, but no teaching compares i7[ with my teaching]. Who then shall attack me when [I] ope[n my mouth]? Who can endure the utterance of my lips? Who shall arraign me and compare with my judgment i3[ . . . Fo]r I am reck[oned] with the gods, [and] my glory with that of the sons of the King. Neither [refined go]ld, nor the gold of Ophir 19[ . . . ]20[,, . ] righteous ones among the gods of [ . . . ] in the holy habitation. Praise Him in song [ ] 2~[ . . . P]roclaim the meditation of joy [ . . . ] joyously forever. There is not [ ] 22[,, . ] to raise up a horn Of [ ] 23[,,, ] to make known His hand in strength [ . . . ] 4Q493 (4Q Milhamahc) Vermes p. 127 For the war: The priests, the sons of Aaron, shall take their stand before [the] battle formations 2 and sound a blast on the trumpets of remembrance. Afterwards they shall open the gates for the 3 165


infantrymen. Then the priests shall sound a blast on the trumpets of battle [to adva]nce on the battle line 4 of the Gentiles. The priests shaIl go out from among the slain and stand on [either] side of the [ . . . ], 5 beside the catapult (?) and the ballista (?). Thus they shall not profane the anointing of their priestly office [with the blood of the s]lai[n]. 6 [And] they shall not approach any battle formation of the infantry. They shall sound an alarm--with a sharp note in order that the me[n of] battle 7 might set out to advance between the battle lines--on the trumpets [of the slain]. Then [they] shall [beg]in ato draw near to the battle. When their periods of engagement are completed, they shall sound a blast for them on the tru[mp]ets of withdrawal 9 to enter the gates. Then the second formation shall set out. According to this entire rule the Le[vites] shall be signaling them at the proper time. When they set out, they shall blow a signal for them on the t[rumpets of assembly], ii and when [they] have comple[ted their foray], on the trumpets of alarm, [and when] they return, they shall sound a sig[nal for them on the trumpets] i2 0f as[sembly.] According to [this] ordin[ance] they sound the signal for ev[ery ba]ttle formation.13[ . . . ] upon the trumpets of the Sabbaths [it is written . . . ] 14[ . . . for] the regular [grain offering] and the burnt offerings it is written, [...]

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1 QM War Scroll: Book 2 - by Karin Anderson