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Project Saangaati

Pratima Parab Mihir Deshpande Madhumita Joshi Preshit Dalal

Anant Chaudhari

http://www.saveindianfarmers.org 501 C (3) Non Profit Organization


Executive Summary:   

502 Farmers from 45 different villages (6 clusters) are included in this Yield Report of various (6 to 10 different) crop varieties. Around 1570 acres of land was cultivated with Organic techniques Approximately 1400 Quintals of crop was added/increase in Quantity due to Organic treatment.

Increment in Yoild (Quintal)

655.36 327.68 163.84 81.92 40.96 20.48 10.24 5.12 2.56 1.28 0.64 0.32 0.16 0.08 0.04 0.02 0.01

Low Cost farming Area (Acre)

   

Land Utilised (Acres)

Land utilised and Increment in Yield 655.36 327.68 163.84 81.92 40.96 20.48 10.24 5.12 2.56 1.28 0.64 0.32 0.16 0.08 0.04 0.02 0.01

Increment in Yield (Quintal)

Each farmer had average increase in Rs. 16,500 considering lowest market price of the crop. After 11 to 12 years, farmers saw earthworms in their farms, which were mostly gone due to use of Chemical non-organic farming (fertilizers & pesticides). Organic treatment was suggested and made as per the Soil testing done provided in earlier reports. Overall this was the first big effort in teaching Organic farming to 600+ farmers. Each farmer involved in Saagaati was asked by other neighboring farms and knowledge & awareness of organic farming was spread… A True SAANGAATI !


Distributed Monetary benefits (Increase) through various factors: Total Profit of Rs. 8,167,120 including all the factors below. There was total saving of Rs. 1,385,910 in spraying and pesticide costs. In Fertilizer applications costs, there was total savings of Rs. 323,060. From actual quantity of increased yield in crops, increased profit was Rs. 6,458,150. Below is the break up based on each crop profits based on each of 3 factors o Cotton, Pigeon Pea and Soybean had much more savings in Spraying & Pesticide costs o Cotton had major share in Fertilizer savings o Cotton was leading in actual Profit from increased actual yield, but other soybean, chick pea and Pigeon Pea were also having good profits margins from yield.

Land utilised with Increment in income (Rs.) 1024 524,288.00 262,144.00

512

131,072.00 65,536.00

256

32,768.00 16,384.00

128

8,192.00 4,096.00

64

2,048.00 1,024.00

32

512.00 256.00

16

128.00 64.00

8

32.00 16.00

4

8.00 4.00

2

2.00 1.00

Income due to Increment in Yield Saving on Spraying and pesticide Cost (Rs)

1

Saving on Ferilizer application (Rs) Farming Area (Acre)

Land in Acres

Increment in Income (Rs.)

    


Treatment Summary:   

Pesticide Leaf & Neem treatment was used majority number of times for Cotton & Pigeon Pea. Jeevamrut was mostly used for Wheat but was common to all other crops with next major to cotton. Liquid fertilizer was also used for Cotton for more number of times compared to other crops.

Treatment type and no of applications per crop 512.00 256.00 128.00 64.00 32.00 16.00 8.00 4.00 2.00 1.00 0.50

Seed Treatment.

Pesticide-Leaf Extracted.

Pesticide-Neem extracted

Below is the total number of Treatments of each including for all the crops in 45 villages:

Seed Treatment: Treatment No. of times: 61.00

Pesticide Leaf Extracted 1202.00

Pesticide Neem Liquid Compost extracted Jeevamrut Fertiliser (Tonns) 527.00

152.00

43.00

10.00

Asafoiteda + Cow urine Spray 20.00


Total Number of Farmers – Percentage:    

Since the villages were from Vidarbha area (East Maharashtra) where Cotton is the main crop, mostly 79% of land area for Low-cost farming (Organic farming) was Cotton crop Soybean was taken by 9% of selected total farmers Pigeon Pea as 4% while Wheat by 3% of total farmers. Rest all crops were by 1% or less farmers from total farmers participating in Saagaati Organic farming.

No of Farmers using low cost Farming - Cropwise %

Cotton Cotton 79% (Only Organic) 0% Cotton (organic) 0% Cotton 1 0% Green Gram 0% Pigeon Pea 4% Soybean 9% Wheat 3% Black Gram 1% Brinjal 0% Chick Pea 2% Chick Pea 1 0% Chilli 1%


Total Increase in Quantity and Monetary Benefit – Percentage: 

Increase in Yield of each crop by Quantity(%) and Profit(in % Rs) was o Cotton as 58% increase; 68% in total increased Profit of total. o Pigeon Pea as 15%; and 14% in total profit increase of total o Soybean had 18% increase; 10% in total increased Profit of total monetary profit. o Wheat had 3% increase; 2% in total profit increase. o Other crops were 0 to1 % increase range from the total quantity & price (profit) of increased yield.

Crop Wise % Yield Increment

Cotton 58% Cotton (Only Organic) 0%

Chilli 0%

Chick Pea 2 0% Chick Pea 1 0%

Pigeon Pea 15%

Chick Pea 2% Wheat 3%

Black Gram 1%

Sweet Sorghum 0%

Soybean 18%

Chilli 0%

Cotton 2 0%

Cotton 68%

Cotton (Only Organic) 0%

Chick Pea 1 0% Brinjal Chick Pea 0% 3% Black Gram 1%

Cotton 1 0%

Pigeon Pea (mixed Green Gram crop) 0% 0%

Cropwise % Net profit

Chick Pea 2 0%

Cotton (organic + chemical) 0% Cotton (organic) 0%

Pigeon Pea 14%

Cotton (organic + chemical) 0% Cotton 1 Soybean 1% Pigeon Pea (mixed Cotton (organic) Wheat 10% Banana 2% Sweet Sorghum Greencrop) Gram Garlic Cotton 2 0% 0% 0% 0%0% 0% 0%


Net Profit by Villages: 

Villages that had overall Net profit increase due to overall increased yield & savings due to Organic farming are as follows: o Endiragram – 15% o Pathari – 9% o Malkhed Budruk – 8% o Shrirampur – 7% o Jamb & Dahi pod – 6% o Vadgaon, Kinhi, Dharam pod, Warzadi – 4% o Babhai pod – 3% o Rest all villages were 1 to 2% increased profit from the overall profit share.

Village wise net profit increase % warzadi vrundavan takali 4% virgavhan 2% velgunda 2% vai 1% 1% vadgaon 4% sonkhas 1%

akola arjuna bajar yavaliyevati baaradgav babhai pod barbadagavhan 2% 1% 2% 0%1% 3% bond 2%borisinha 1% chichgaon 1% 2% dabha 2%

akola bajar arjuna baaradgav

dhai pod 6%

babhai pod

barbada dhanora bond gavhan 0% dharam pod 4% borisinha chichgaon

shrirampur 7% saykheda savarkheda savargad 1% salod 0% 0% pimpri 1% 1%

dabha dhai pod dhanora endiragramdharam pod 15% endiragram

pathari 9%

Hatgaon pandhurna 1% palaskund Pahur nilona Mazarda 2% manjarada 1% 0% 0% 1% malkhed budruk 8%

hivari jamb 6% javalgaon kapshi khairgaon malkhed lingti kinhi konghara 1% 0% 0% 1%0% 0% 4%

Hatgaon hivari 1%0%

jamb javalgaon


Increase in Yield in Quintals/Acre area (by each Cluster Separated using Organic Farming) 1. Wheat and Chick Pea is mostly profitable Yield in Malkhed Cluster

Per area increase in yield (quintal/acre) Malkhed 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0

Per area increase

2. In Kumbha, its Wheat that was much more in yield

Per area increase in yield (quintal/acre) Kumbha 3 2.5 2 1.5

Per area increase

1 0.5

0 cotton

pigeon pea

sweet sorghum

wheat


3. In Jamb Cluster, Black gram, Soybean and Wheat were profitable

Per area increase in yield (quintal/acre) Jamb 2.5 2 1.5 1

Per area increase

0.5 0 black gram

chick pea

chick pea 1

chick pea2

chilli

cotton pigeon soybean wheat pea

4. Chick pea surpassed in Vadgaon cluster, but Wheat and Soybean were also having good margins

Per area increase in yield (quintal/acre) Vadgaon 7 6 5 4 3

Per area increase

2 1 0 chick pea

chilli

cotton

cotton cotton pigeon (only (organic + pea organic) chemical)

soybean

wheat


5. In Pathari Village, Cotton dominated all the other crops in profitable yields

Per area increase in yield (quintal/acre) Pathari 7 6 5 4 3

Per area increase

2 1 0 chickpea

cotton

cotton (organic)

cotton 1

cotton 2 pigeon pea soybean

6. Whereas in Akoka Bazar, all crops – Cotton, Pigeon Pea and Soybean had equal profitable quantity outputs

Per area increase in yield (quintal/acre) Akola bajar 2.5 2

1.5 Per area increase

1 0.5 0 chilli

cotton

cotton1

pigeon pea

soybean


APPENDIX A: Treatments

Sr No.

Cluster Name

No of villages

No of farmers

No of crops treated

Area treated (acre)

No of farmers done seed treatme nt

No of farmers used leaf extracted pesticide

No of farmers used neem extracted pesticide

No of farm ers used jeeva mrut

No of farmers used cultivate d compost

No of farmers used liquid fertilizer

1

Malkhed

10

91

8

438

15

249

148

25

22

2

Kumbha

5

134

4

331

4

289

220

29

4

3

Jamb

8

53

12

168

8

140

43

37

5

4

Vadgaon

5

61

8

234

12

157

48

32

6

5

Pathari

9

106

9

319

18

249

37

13

5

6

Akola Bajar

9

44

6

79

4

118

31

16

1

46

489

47

1568

61

1202

527

152

43

No of farmers used asefoiteda + cow urin sprey

8

3 15

2

1 1

10

20

APPENDIX B: Increase in Yield (Quintals) and Profit increment(Rs)

Sr No.

Cluster Name

No of villages

No of farmers

No of crops treated

Area treated (acre)

Yield of Crops (quintal)

Increase in yield (quintal)

Total saving on spraying and cost of pesticide (Rs)

Total saving on the application of fertlizer (Rs)

Total reduction in the investment (Rs)

Increament in income due to increased yield (Rs)

1

Malkhed

10

91

8

438

2159

468

434450

103950

1913750

2452150

2

Kumbha

5

134

4

331

658

214

218000

53550

1010610

1282160

3

Jamb

8

53

12

168

1018

125

139300

30910

552540

722750

4

Vadgaon

5

61

8

234

1181

179

189970

52350

890150

1132470

5

Pathari

9

106

9

319

1231

299

283790

53200

1524800

1861790

6

Akola Bajar

9

44

6

79

501

110

120400

29100

566300

715800

46

489

47

1568

6747

1394

1385910

323060

6458150

8167120


APPENDIX C: Glimpses of Saangaati Progress

Farmer Happy with the Yield with Organic Farming


Farmers preparing Pesticide Spray for Cotton

Farmers sorting Neem/Leaves for making Dashparni arka


Testing in Lab -participation by farmers

Meeting of Farmers to discuss issues and actions

Project Sangati Yield Report  
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