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Official Publication of the Arizona Newspapers Association for distribution to all employees of ANA-member newspapers

A N Ag r a m s

A community newspaper for community newspaper people. December 2007

UA j-school again offering graduate degrees Page 3

www.ananews.com

Employer Sanctions Law effective Jan. 1

Briefs

Arizona Press Release Service begins operation ANA is now offering an electronic press release service. Let us help you distribute your press release. Arizona Press Release service: Convenient, consistent and cost-effective. Please contact Sharon Schwartz at (602) 261-7655 ext. 108 or s.schwartz@ananews.com for more information. ANA welcomes three more The Arizona Newspapers Association welcomes the Arizona Informant, the Arizona Jewish Post and the Vail Sun to its membership. Navajo Times founder dies Marshall Tome, who is remembered best for his role in the creation of the Navajo Times, died Nov. 23 at the age of 85 from pneumonia. Casa Grande Dispatch introduces Sunday issue October 28, 2007 marked the inaugural edition of the Sunday Casa Grande Dispatch. The Casa Grande Dispatch began in 1914 as a weekly. The Dispatch is now published Tuesday through Sunday and is the last family owned and operated daily in Arizona. Winslow Mail closes The very last issue of the Winslow Mail and Reminder was published Nov. 13, 2007. Bullhead City must release documents News West Publishing Company, parent of the Mohave Valley Daily News, has sued Bullhead City over unreleased public records related to the sexual harassment complaints filed against city employees in January. Nine Bullhead City employees were placed on leave, with six either resigning or being terminated. Mohave County Superior Court Division 1 Judge Charles W. Gurtler ordered the city of Bullhead City to release undisputed documents to News West Publishing within five court days. So far, the city of Bullhead City has released three documents to News West Publishing Co., as ordered by the courts, but did so in a redacted form the media company’s attorney says doesn’t follow the court order. Former newspaper mogul Conrad Black gets 6+ years for fraud Former newspaper mogul Conrad Black was sentenced Dec. 10, 2007, to six and one-half years in prison for swindling shareholders in his Hollinger International media empire out of millions of dollars.

BY JOHN W. MOODY MILLER, LASOTA & PETERS PLC

During the 2007 legislative session, the Arizona Legislature passed HB2779 (The Legal Arizona Workers Act) and Governor Napolitano signed the bill into law as Laws 2007, Ch. 279, on July 2, 2007 with an effective date of January 1, 2008. This new law, more commonly referred to as the “Employer Sanctions Law” imposes severe sanctions against employers who “knowingly” or “intentionally” employ unauthorized aliens. Several employer and other interest groups have filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court in Arizona on constitutional grounds to block the enforcement of this law. The case is currently pending before Judge Neil Wake who heard initial arguments on the matter just last month and has indicated that he should be issuing a ruling on the matter prior to the effective date of January 1, 2008. When signing the bill into law, Governor Napolitano also identified a number of perceived “flaws” in the legislation and indicated an interest in calling a special session to allow the Legislature to address those concerns; however, no such special session has been called.

Major components of the new act

I. E-Verify Program. Effective January 1, 2008, ARS § 23-214 requires all Arizona employers to verify the employment eligibility of new employees after they are hired through the internet – based Employment Eligibility Verification Program (called the “Basis Pilot Program” in HB2779) and now called the “E-Verify Program”. The program is administered by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the U.S. Social Security Administration and is free of charge. II. Prohibited Acts. ARS § 23-212(A) prohibits an employer from “knowingly” or “intentionally” employing an “unauthorized alien.” ARS § 23-211(6) provides that the “knowingly” standard will be interpreted consistently with the existing federal standard that was enacted in 1986 and includes both actual and constructive knowledge.

The “intentionally” standard is based on the definition found in Arizona’s Criminal Code and provides that a “person’s objective is to cause that result [i.e., employing unauthorized aliens] or to engage in that conduct [i.e., employing unauthorized aliens].” See ARS § 23-211(5), ARS §13-105(9). The statute also makes it a Class 3 felony for taking the identity of another person, real or fictitious, with the intent of obtaining employment. See ARS § 13-2009(A)(3). III. Penalties. ARS § 23-212(F) sets the forth the penalties for “knowingly” or “intentionally” employing” an unauthorized alien as follows: The first time an employer is found to have “knowingly” employed an unauthorized alien: • The employer must terminate the worker, and must sign a sworn affidavit within three days that it has terminated the employment of all

unauthorized aliens and will not in the future knowingly or intentionally employ undocumented workers. All business licenses will be suspended if the affidavit is not timely filed until such an affidavit is filed. • The Court may order the employer’s business license to be suspended for up to 10 days. • The employer will be subject to a three-year probationary period, during which it must file quarterly reports with the County Attorney listing each new employee hired by the employer at the specific location where the unauthorized worker performed work. If the employer knowingly or intentionally employs an unauthorized worker during the probationary period, the employer’s business license(s) will be permanently revoked. If an employer is found to have CONTINUED ON PAGE 3

ANA creates political tab For the upcoming political season, the Arizona Newspapers Association has developed a marketing piece that promotes political advertising in newspapers. Arizona newspapers are a destination for voters seeking election information. ANA’s political tabloid will be delivered to legislators, political action committees, ad agencies and others, as well as member newspapers to use as a sales tool. The political tab will be available for members beginning January 7, 2008. If your office would like copies, contact Communications Manager Perri Collins at (602) 261-7655 ext. 110. ANAgrams Arizona Newspapers Association 1001 N. Central Avenue, Suite 670 Phoenix, AZ 85004 - 1947

“PRSRT STD” U.S. POSTAGE PAID PHOENIX ARIZONA PERMIT NO. 3429

ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED


DECEMBER 2007

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ANA/Ad Services Board of Directors President John Wolfe One-Year Director/Non-Daily Independent Newspapers Inc. (Phoenix) (480) 497-0048.............................jsw11@aol.com First Vice President Dick Larson Two-Year Director/Daily Western Newspapers Inc. (928) 634-5898.............. dlarson@westernnews.com Second Vice President Michael Chihak One-Year Director/Daily Tucson Citizen (520) 806-7735............. mchihak@tucsoncitizen.com Third Vice President Tom Arviso Two-Year Director/Non-Daily Navajo Times (Window Rock) (928) 871-7359......... tomarviso@thenavajotimes.com Secretary/Treasurer Teri Hayt Two-Year Director/At-large Arizona Daily Star (Tucson) (520) 573-4220...................... terihayt@tucson.com Directors Ginger Lamb Two-Year Director/Non-Daily Arizona Capitol Times (Phoenix) (602) 258-7026........ ginger.lamb@azcapitoltimes.com Rick Schneider One-Year Director/Non-Daily Eastern Arizona Courier (928) 428-2560................ schneider@eacourier.com Ward Bushee Two-Year Director/Daily Arizona Republic (Phoenix) (602) 444-8087..... ward.bushee@arizonarepublic.com Don Rowley One-Year Director/Daily Arizona Daily Sun (Flagstaff) (928) 774-4545...................... drowley@pulitzer.net Elvira Espinoza Two-Year Director/At-large La Voz (Phoenix) (602) 444-3835........ elvira.ortiz@lavozpublishing.com Pam Mox Past President Green Valley News and Sun (520) 625-5511....................... pmox@gvnews.com

Arizona Newspapers Foundation Board of Directors The foundation is an educational, charitable nonprofit corporation for education. Its primary mission is to teach newspaper people and teachers how to use a newspaper in a classroom. Its goal in 2007 is to become revenue independent. Chairman of the Board Josie Cantu-Weber, Tucson Citizen (928) 453-4237............... jweber@tucsoncitizen.com Vice Chairman Joann Carranza (520) 730-4298.......................carranza57@cox.net Treasurer Lee Knapp, The Sun (Yuma) (928) 183-3333.................... lknapp@yumasun.com Secretary Pam Mox, Green Valley News & Sun (520) 625-5511...............................pmox@gvnews.com Directors L. Alan Cruikshank, Fountain Hills Times (480) 837-1925......................... alan@fhtimes.com Steve Doig, Cronkite School of Journalism, Arizona State University (480) 965-0798....................... steve.doig@asu.edu Bret McKeand, Independent Newspapers, Inc. (623) 972-6101.......................... SCIbret@aol.com John Wolfe, Independent Newspapers Inc. (480) 497-0048...................................... jsw11@aol.com Jeff Weigand, Southwest Valley Sun (623) 386-7077................ jweigand@swvalleysun.com

ANAgrams is published every month by the Arizona Newspapers Association 1001 N. Central Ave., Suite 670 Phoenix, AZ 85004-1947 (602) 261-7655 • Fax: (602) 261-7525 www.ananews.com www.publicnoticeads.com

Seasons Greetings from the Executive Director BY PAULA CASEY INTERIM EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

As the end of the year is drawing to a close, I ask myself what there is to be thankful for. I find myself overwhelmed with feelings. I am thankful for a great staff of people to work with. I am thankful for a supportive Board to help me manage this Association. I am thankful for being given an opportunity to prove myself to not only my member newspapers but to myself. ANA has been fortunate enough to have had another great year. We hope to strive to improve the services we offer to our member newspapers as well as our advertising clients in 2008. I am sure we will all face challenges in 2008, whether it is to meet our budget numbers, meet those pesky deadlines or the ever challenging days we will continue to face in our changing industry. Keep the faith. In January we have scheduled

our ninth annual Legislative Luncheon to be held at the Arizona Capitol Times, January 28th from 11:30 – 1 p.m. Come and be our guest. Please save the date on your calendar. This is your opportunity to have a face to face chat with the people who represent you in the State legislature. Last year the event was well attended by our Legislators but no so well attended by

Marketing, Member Revenue

Government / Public Policy

Objectives ANA revenue enhancements; Assist members with political advertising sales; ANA directory; Statewide online classified ads; Public Notice promotion; Effective communications to members; Digital archiving of newspapers; Recognize advertising business partners in ad awards contest; The Committee Dick Larson, Chairman, Western Newspapers; Steve Stevens, Today’s News Herald, Lake Havasu City; Lisa Miller, The Sun (Yuma); Mark Bollin, Green Valley News & Sun; Blake Dewitt, Western Newspapers; Cindy Meaux, Ad Placement Manager, ANA; Sharon Schwartz, Network Advertising Manager, ANA; John Alexander, Foothills Focus.

First Amendment Coalition

Objectives Provide journalists from member newspapers with educational information and a legal hot line for access issues. ANA is responsible for 12 seats on this board of directors. ANA Appointees Dan Burnette, West Valley View; Joseph Reaves, Arizona Republic; Terry Ross, Yuma Daily Sun; Josie Cantu-Weber, Tucson Citizen; David Bodney, Steptoe & Johnson; Ben Hanson, Daily Courier; Linda Wienandt, Associated Press; Mark Kimble, Tucson Citizen, and Kevin Kemper, University of Arizona.

Education Task Force

Objectives Conventions: Spring Marketing Workshop in May (Wed-Fri) and Fall Convention in October (Thursday-Saturday), First two days of both are computer training and half-day of sessions eliminated; Regional Education – Need trainers; On-line training -- too expensive? List Serves for various professions; NIE – fund raising; curriculum; marketing; Update Public notice laws and Ad guidelines; Constitution Day Sept.. 17 – create NIE material; NIE Training at conventions; half-day session; NIE Regional North/South full day NIE training. Additional volunteers needed. The Committee Pam Mox, Chairman, Green Valley News & Sun; Michael Chihak, Tucson Citizen; Pat Oso, Statewide NIE Coordinator, ANF; Paula Casey, Executive Director, ANA.

Objectives Build on 2003, including creating a formal plan for 2005/6; Re-craft Legislative Alert; Note key legislation that requires editor/publisher calls; Simplify way editors/publishers can send an e-mail to key legislators on issues; Create a grid noting each legislator’s committee assignments; Match legislative leadership to Editors & Publishers; Host Legislative Breakfast in January 2006 instead of Legislative Lunch in Fall; Further build allies/ government access groups; Continue “Public Access Counselor” legislation and emphasize “Training;” Support banning suits against public records requestors. The Committee Teri Hayt, Chairman; Independent Newspapers (Phoenix); Michael Chihak, Tucson Citizen; Janet DelTufo, Wickenburg Sun; Melanie Larson, The Explorer (Tucson); David J. Bodney, Steptoe & Johnson, Phoenix; Ward Bushee, Arizona Republic (Phoenix); Tom Arviso, The Navajo Times (Window Rock); Kevin Kemper, University of Arizona; John Moody, ANA Legislative Counsel, Miller, LaSota & Peters, Phoenix.

Awards Committee

Objectives Study contest entries and develop an online contest submission form; Study and reshape Hall of Fame criteria, make them less subjective and Improve bios; Work with the University of Arizona to improve the Zenger Award; FOI – broader distribution of news release to improve publicity; Improve ad agency category. The Committee Don Rowley, Chairman, The Sun; Perri Collins, ANA; Paula Casey; Executive Director, ANA

Finance Committee

Objectives This committee reviews the monthly financial reports and questions the staff on budget variances, in order to report to the full board. It also is responsible for working with the staff to develop the annual budget for ANA and Ad Services. The Committee The secretary-treasurer, past president, and one additional director are appointed to the Finance Committee each year. Currently Michael Chihak, Tucson Citizen, is chairman; Pam Mox, Past President, and Dick Larson, Western Newspapers, Inc.

our Publishers and Editors. Please use this occasion to come and have a friendly visit (as our guest) as well as enjoy a great lunch provided by Alexis. Also, ANA will be distributing our political marking piece to legislators at this high-profile event. Let us know if your newspaper needs a copy. In 2008, ANA is pleased to announce that we have begun offering a press release service to agencies and others who need their message delivered. At the beginning of every new year, ANA mails an updated directory to newspapers, schools, ad agencies and local government. Your copy of the 2008 Arizona Newspapers Directory should arrive at the beginning of January, so keep your eyes on the mailman. Have a happy and holy holiday season! Best wishes for 2009!

ANA Staff Interim Executive Director Paula Casey...................................Ext. 102 p.casey@ananews.com Deputy Executive Director of Govt. Affairs John F. Fearing........................................... j.fearing@ananews.com Accounting Assistant Liisa Straub....................................Ext. 105 l.straub@ananews.com Media Buyer Cindy Meaux.................................. Ext. 112 c.meaux@ananews.com Network Advertising Manager Sharon Schwartz............................Ext. 108 s.schwartz@ananews.com Network Ad Sales Representative Don Ullmann.................................. Ext. 111 d.ullmann@ananews.com Advertising Services Assistant Kay Wilmoth...................................Ext. 103 k.wilmoth@ananews.com Communications Manager Perri Collins.................................... Ext. 110 p.collins@ananews.com Statewide NIE Coordinator Pat Oso..........................................Ext. 109 beartracks@cox.net Receptionist/Tearsheets Lorraine Bergquist..............................Ext. 0 l.bergquist@ananews.com


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Save the date: Legislative Luncheon Employer Sanction Law, con’t ANA and the Arizona Capitol Times will co-sponsor and host a day at the Capitol on Monday, January 28, 2008. The entire Legislature will be formally invited to lunch with publishers and editors from across the state. Please save this date on your calendars! This is a great opportunity for publishers and editors to share a few minutes with the legislators, and make an impact on issues which could affect legislation in your part of the state. Individual appointments can be made if you have special issues to discuss with your legislator. An informal luncheon, catered by Alexi’s, will be held at the Arizona Capitol Times building from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.

This is your chance to personalize your relationship with local and state representatives. We hope you will join us. “This presents a great opportunity for representatives of our Arizona newspapers to meet and visit with legislators to discuss issues that are important to our industry and the state of Arizona,” said John Moody, lobbyist for the ANA. ANA is the official voice of Arizona newspapers in state government. If you want your voice to be heard, come make an appearance and take an opportunity to hum in your legislator’s ear. To R.S.V.P. for this event, call Bobby Blatchley at (602)889-7127.

UA journalism department reopens graduate program BY KATE HARRISON UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA

The University of Arizona Department of Journalism has reopened its graduate program for students seeking a master of arts in journalism, according to Jacqueline Sharkey, journalism department head. Classes will begin in fall 2008. “The faculty is thrilled the department is reopening admission to its graduate program,” said Sharkey. “This enables us to follow through on recommendations made during our Academic Program Review and during our re-accreditation process that the graduate program be reopened. It also allows us to contribute to the University’s research mission, which puts increasing emphasis on graduate education.” Journalism courses are offered in the department’s modern, hightech facilities and are taught by faculty members who have extensive experience as working journalists. Linda Lumsden, an assistant professor of journalism who specializes in journalism history, has been named director of graduate studies. The UA journalism department is one of the few in the nation that focuses solely on journalism and doesn’t offer courses in advertising or public relations. Faculty members teaching in the graduate program include a national teaching award winner, an internationally renowned photojournalist and the leader of a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigation. Sharkey said another attractive feature of the program includes an international component that enables students to examine specific geopolitical regions of the world and

take courses on news media in Latin America and the Middle East. The UA journalism department has been accredited for more than 40 years by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications, a non-profit, educational association of journalism and mass communication professionals. The department began its professional master’s degree program more than 30 years ago. Graduates took important leadership roles at major print and television news media. Their work changed federal and state laws and policies and won important national awards. In 1997, the department decided to suspend enrollment in the program while it reexamined the curriculum. Prospective students should apply through the UA Graduate College by Feb.1. The department admits new students only in the fall semester. The professionally oriented curriculum offers two tracks to accommodate both professional journalists and those new to the field. A minimum of 30 units, including a thesis or master’s report, is required for graduation. For a full description on the journalism graduate program, including requirements and course descriptions, visit journalism.arizona.edu. For application and questions, contact Paul Johnson, graduate program coordinator, at (520) 621-5710 or prj@email.arizona.edu. For advising questions, contact Linda Lumsden, graduate program director, at (520) 626-3635 or lumsden@email.arizona.edu.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 “intentionally” employed an unauthorized worker: • The employer must terminate the worker and sign a sworn affidavit within three days that it has terminated the employment of all unauthorized aliens and will not in the future knowingly or intentionally employ unauthorized aliens. All licenses will be suspended if the affidavit is not timely filed until such an affidavit is filed. • The Court must suspend the employer’s business license(s) for at least 10 days. • The employer will be subject to a five-year probationary period, during which it must file quarterly reports with the County Attorney listing each new employee hired by the employer at the specific location where the unauthorized worker performed work. If the employer knowingly or intentionally employs an unauthorized worker during the probationary period, the employer’s business license(s) will be permanently revoked. IV. Enforcement. A complaint by anyone that an employer is employing unauthorized workers in violation of the law triggers a duty of the Attorney General or County Attorney to investigate. (Note: knowingly filing a false or frivolous complaint against an employer is a Class 3 misdemeanor). If a complaint is not frivolous, the Attorney General or County Attorney must notify Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and request verification of the identified employee’s status. If it is found that the worker is an unauthorized alien, the County Attorney must file charges against the employer. Moreover, the County Attorney may not bring actions against employers for violations that occurred before January 1, 2008. (Note: There is some debate on whether this last provision will be interpreted to mean that the penalty provisions apply only to new hires after January 1, 2008 or whether they will also apply to employees hired prior to that date. That issue, among others, is currently the subject of the pending federal litigation). IV. Licenses Subject to Suspension/Revocation. The statute defines “license” very broadly as any state, county, city or town “permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter or similar form of authorization that is required by law and that is issued by any [state agency, county, city or town] for the purposes of operating a business in this state,” including articles of incorporation and partnership documents.

Professional (undefined by the statute), environmental licenses (issued under Title 49) and water licenses (issued under Title 45) are exempt from suspension or permanent revocation. See ARS § 23-211(7). V. Defenses. First, an employer is entitled to a “rebuttable presumption” that it did not knowingly or intentionally employ an unauthorized worker if the employer demonstrates that it used the federal E-Verify Program to verify the employment eligibility of a worker later determined to be unauthorized. See ARS § 23-212(I). Secondly, an employer also establishes an affirmative defense that it did not knowingly or intentionally employ an unauthorized worker if the employer can show that, in good faith, it was in compliance with the federal I-9 employment verification process. See ARS § 23-212(J). Lastly, Employers are not required to take any action that they believe in good faith would violate state or federal law, such as employment anti-discrimination laws. See ARS § 23-213. Although this new law takes effect Jan. 1, 2008, many questions and concerns have been raised about the constitutionality of the new law and its enforcement. In addition to the pending federal litigation as well as the concerns raised by Governor Napolitano, the Speaker of the House Jim Weiers has also formed an ad-hoc committee of employers that has met several times to consider many of the concerns raised and possible amendments to address those concerns. Moreover, HB2779 established an eight-member legislative study committee on employer sanctions and requires that committee to submit a report of its findings and recommendations by December 31, 2008. The committee members, however, have not yet been appointed. As a result, many of the issues and questions pertaining to the applicability, enforcement and constitutionality of this new law remain uncertain. Communication of information through this publication (1) does not create or constitute an attorney-client relationship, (2) is not intended as a solicitation to create an attorneyclient relationship to provide legal services as to any particular matter, and (3) is not intended to convey or constitute legal advice, or to provide a substitute for obtaining legal advice from a qualified attorney. You should not act upon any such information without seeking qualified legal counsel on your specific matter.


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Dahms Foster returns to Western Heidi Dahms Foster has returned to Prescott Newspapers, Inc. full-time as Editorial Manager, Non-Daily Publications. A 21-year employee of PNI and parent company, Western Newspapers, Inc., Dahms-Foster edited the award-winning Prescott Valley Tribune for 15 years, and was the founding editor of the Big Bug/Canyon Country News in the Big Bug Mesa and Black Canyon City area. After marrying in 2003, she “retired" and worked part-time writing and taking photos for Western Newspapers and one of its magazine

publications. In her new position she oversees the Prescott Valley Tribune, Big Bug/ Canyon Country News and Chino Valley Review, guiding content and design, coaching writers and editors, and helping bring the publications up-to-date on their new Web sites. "I'm really happy to be back at PNI full-time," Dahms Foster said. "The time off was a great break, and it was wonderful to spend the extra time with my new husband, but I'm enjoying the new challenges and working with a team again."

Heidi Dahms Foster and Ben Hansen pause for a picture at the Arizona Newspapers Association’s 2008 fall convention.

Big changes at the Explorer

The Explorer newspaper, a weekly newspaper covering Northwest Tucson and the towns of Oro Valley and Marana, has new ownership and a new publisher. Randy Miller purchased assets of The Explorer from longtime owners and publishers Melanie Larson and Terry Brashear. The sale took effect Dec. 1. In turn, Miller has named Dave Perry as the newspaper’s publisher and editor. Miller is a longtime newspaper publisher and editor. He is currently publisher of The Colorado Daily in Boulder, Colo. Perry is a veteran Wyoming community journalist. He edited the five-day Riverton, Wyo., Ranger for 12-1/2 years, and most recently was publisher and editor of the Rawlins, Wyo., Daily Times for 11-1/2 years. He has a degree in journalism from the University of Wyoming. “The opportunities at The Explorer and in the northwest Tucson region are terrifically exciting,” Perry said. “We have an excellent

staff that is committed to quality work. Together, we’ll build on the newspaper’s foundation, and do our best to serve our readers and our communities.” Two employees at The Explorer have been given greater responsibilities. Ty Bowers, previously the newspaper’s assistant editor, has been named managing editor. Bowers has been with the newspaper since May 2006. He has a degree in mass communications from Virginia Commonwealth University. Bowers will work directly with employees in The Explorer newsroom. Jaime Hood has been named business manager. She has been with the newspaper for two years. In her new duties, Hood will oversee business needs, human resources and circulation. The Explorer also serves Catalina Foothills, Casas Adobes, Catalina, SaddleBrook, Tortolita, Oracle, along with other neighborhoods in Pima and Pinal counties.

Four UA journalism students selected for New York Times Journalism Institute Four University of Arizona journalism students are among 20 young journalists from around the country who have been selected to participate in an intensive training program for student journalists that will be held Jan. 2-13 at The University of Arizona Department of Journalism. The New York Times and the National Association of Hispanic Journalists co-sponsor the New York Times Student Journalism Institute. The institute is modeled on a program that The Times established for students in conjunction with the Black College Communications Association and the National Association of Black Journalists held at Dillard University in New Orleans. The UA students selected to take part in the 2008 institute are Fernanda Echavarri, Lauren LePage, Nathan Olivarez-Giles and Roxana Vasquez. Other student participants are: Yolanne Almanzar, Florida International University; Nicolas Barajas, Ithaca College; Julian Cavazos, Brigham Young University; Arcynta Ali Childs, New York University; Astrid Galvan, Arizona State University; Brian Hernandez, University of Nebraska; Mariana Minaya, University of Maryland at College Park; Aaron Montoya, Colorado State University; Tracie Morales, University of Texas at Arlington; Jose Pagliery, Florida International University; Marlene Peralta, City University of New York; Jennifer Perez, University of Central Florida; Elizabeth Perez, University of Texas at Brownsville; Solange Reyner, University of Miami; Rick Rojas, Texas A&M University; and James Wagner, University of Virginia. Student writers work closely with reporters and editors from

The Times and some of its regional newspapers. At a Dillard University institute, for example, students covered hurricane preparations, a police shooting and the recent mayoral race. The Institute’s editors help students with their stories before they are posted on the Institute’s Web site. The best pieces are printed in a newspaper produced at the end of the Institute. The UA journalism department’s commitment to diversity and its emphasis on bilingual journalism, including publishing a community newspaper for the city of South Tucson for more than a quartercentury, factored into The Times’ selection process, said Jacqueline E. Sharkey, journalism department head. “Initiating an interdisciplinary International Journalism program and the fact that our department is dedicated only to journalism impressed the Institute’s leaders,” Sharkey said. One in eight students in the UA journalism department is Hispanic. Each year the department sends 10-20 students to the California Chicano News Media Association Journalism Opportunities Conference. To qualify to participate in The Hispanic Student Journalism Institute, students must be NAHJ members, have completed one semester at a student newspaper or major newspaper, be in good academic standing and write a 500-word essay about being a journalist. Florida International University was host of the 2007 institute at its Biscayne Bay campus in north Miami. FIU and the UA will continue as hosts of the program in alternate years.

Staff from The New York Times and members of the University of Arizona student chapter of the National Association of Hispanic Journalists enjoyed dinner together April 3 at a UA-area restaurant. Times staff members were in Tucson planning the January 2008 Times Student Journalism Institute.


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OPINION

Are programs like Newspaper Next the cure or the disease? BY KEVIN R. KEMPER

Newspaper Next either could be a model that newspapers can use to figure out how to survive the financial and social pressures of the 21st century, or a Trojan horse that brings in unwelcome influences that will change forever the newspaper industry and the practice of journalism as we know it, or both. The key for survival for newspapers may well be whether the industry is able to adhere to both the business opportunities that are before it in this brave new world of the Internet and the traditional values of journalism in a democracy. No matter what happens, the future promises to be anything but boring. Steve Buttry, director of tailored programming for the American Press Institute, presented a Newspaper Next workshop on Oct. 26 at Arizona State University in Tempe. The workshop was co-sponsored by the Arizona Newspapers Association and ASU’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication. The Newspaper Next project (see http://www.newspapernext.org) has been pulling together research and concepts from within and outside the newspaper industry, looking for models that function more profitably and efficiently in the online and offline environments. Newspaper Next, along with Clayton Christensen and his consulting firm Innosight, hope to find new business models for a newspaper industry under financial and social pressures. Christensen, also a professor at Harvard Business School, has developed some processes that help businesses identify and even profit from “disruptive innovations” that invade a market and are seen as threats to existing businesses. As those of us who have been in the industry know all too well, shoppers, Web sites, and other information outlets compete with newspapers for readers and advertising dollars. I want to suggest some ideas for how Arizona newspaper leaders may want to think through this overall process of Newspaper Next, though I admit to be still new to that paradigm. I also am committed to doing what I can to join ANA in its efforts to move forward with exciting and promising opportunities. But, I am even more committed to do what I can to ensure that in that process we don’t lose traditional journalistic values such as in-depth reporting, transparency, and serving the public as a watchdog of the government. As I research and travel across

the country, I hear plenty of praise and complaints about efforts like Newspaper Next. For instance, some insist we have to bury print editions in favor of 24/7 newsrooms that deliver electronic news. That’s not necessary. And, some journalists think that programs like Newspaper Next will ruin journalism for the sake of profits. I don’t think that’s true, either. But I do think we have to work together to make sure we have journalism values and profit, or the industry will die with just having one or the other. We all have much more to learn during the evolving Newspaper Next process, as we have to figure out how to survive and thrive in this new technological, social, and economic world for newspapers. And it’s not a new phenomenon for newspapers to seek other profit centers. Newspapers have dabbled in broadcast when FCC rules have allowed it, printed auxiliary publications, marketed billboard space, and even processed cable bill payments for local customers. Some newspapers have had to exist in a corporate environment where the parent company has major investments in different business ventures. Converged journalism – or blending media and newsrooms in a multimedia format – is radically changing the face of the newspaper industry. Also, readers increasingly are looking online for information and entertainment. They demand that stories be told in visual and audio clips; they love to create alternative realities for themselves. Many younger readers thrive in the non-linear, chaotic world of the Internet. Newspapers across the country have developed targeted Web publications for niche populations such as young mothers (see http://www. cincymoms.com, for example). By creating social networking opportunities, these newspapers hope to build stronger communities, and

attract new readers and more advertising revenue. But the newspaper industry hasn’t made enormous sums of money from the Net – yet. Buttry suggests that we need to move away from the “eyeballs” theory of advertising, or the notion that newspapers only can sell ads by promising that more eyeballs will see them. The Internet has not been much different for news organizations. But some newspapers are experimenting with sharing directly in sales revenues with advertisers online, or even serving as the direct sales outlet for many different products. For instance, Buttry showed us the Ogden (Utah) Standard-Examiner’s http://www.qualityconsignments.net, which serves as a kind of eBay for readers who would rather have the newspaper sell items than to go to the trouble of holding a yard sale. The paper gets a percentage of the sale price of the item, instead of the few bucks it would have made on a yard sale ad. Also, Buttry told us that http:// news.cincinnati.com receives revenue from its online calendar of events; apparently businesses pay more for a premium listing. So, is it an ad, or news? And will readers be able to tell the difference? There still are significant numbers of people who either do not have Net access or do not understand how to use it effectively. Even college students I teach are on a steep learning curve with some of the technology. And, costs of technology contribute to the “digital divide” between those who have considerable information and those who do not. I wonder how all of this will affect journalism education. At the University of Arizona’s Department of Journalism, for instance, we train students to practice in-depth reporting using multiple media. But those who embrace this new paradigm

“I’m not talking about dumbing down the newspaper.”

seem to me at times to be asking educators to teach students to function more as information providers than as traditional journalists in that multimedia environment. We’re not sure what that means for the future. But we encourage newspaper journalists always to have rich, deep information to help people function in a democracy, even as they attempt to be relevant with reader demands. “I’m not talking about dumbing down the newspaper,” Buttry said at the Newspaper Next workshop. But, we have to admit that reader demands for infotainment and brevity appears to have had that effect upon some U.S. newspapers. And this does not help newspapers to uphold their First Amendment responsibilities to function as a check upon government. Snazzy videos and interactive databases may or may not hold government accountable – it all depends on what we do with that new technology. A journalist needs to know more than how to enter agate or information into a Web site. But we must admit that the roles and expectations of newspaper employees are changing. I know of journalists who are weary of being asked to dump quick information onto the Web at the expense of the time necessary to add depth and strength to their reporting. At a recent convention of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication and at other journalism education and professional workshops I have attended, scholars and journalists have been engaged in heated debates about these types of issues, often wondering whether some of the techniques employed in the quest for revenue are eroding the principles that provide the foundation for the industry. I won’t say that those who embrace the new paradigm proposed by Newspaper Next are forsaking traditional journalism; it just seems that the language and purposes are evolving so rapidly that we cannot predict what journalism will mean in the near future. Is it information gathering, or does it include marketing communications? Promoters of Newspaper Next claim that this paradigm is essential if newspapers want to stay relevant with the desires of readers and preserve the fundamental values of journalism, all while carrying out a strong financial plan for survival of news organizations. CONTINUED ON PAGE 6


DECEMBER 2007

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Familiar problem with Photoshop lead to embarrassment BY KEVIN SLIMP INSTITUTE OF NEWSPAPER TECHNOLOGY

In my business, nothing is more embarrassing than having a computer glitch in front of an audience. Fortunately, that hasn’t happened to me in a long time. Well, not until recently. In October, I was speaking to a group in Little Rock, Arkansas. The morning session was an Introduction to InDesign class. During the afternoon, we covered Photoshop Tips & Tricks. It’s always a great feeling to have a session fill to capacity. Not only did this one fill, but the press association located a larger facility, which allowed us to involve even more students. The InDesign class was going great until something strange happened. Just when we were about to break for lunch, I mentioned that users could change the number of columns in a text frame by clicking on a box in the Character palette. Imagine my surprise when I went to click on the box and it wasn’t there. The group was nice and believed me - or pretended to believe me when I told them the box should be there. However, I was pretty embarrassed. I hadn’t had a snafu like that in class in a long time. Then came the afternoon. The Photoshop lesson was going swimmingly. Then, toward the end of the class, I decided to show the group

how to use the Bridge to do all kind of handy things like creating web photo albums and merging photos. Well, I wanted to show them. However, when I selected a few photos and went to click on the Tools menu, the tools were missing in the Bridge. I thought possibly the tools had been moved in the CS3 version and I had forgotten, but I hadn’t had this problem in previous classes. Finally, I opened the CS2 version of the Bridge and showed the class how the tools worked from there. But I couldn’t help feeling like I should have stayed in bed. When someone e-mails me with strange problems like these, it’s normal procedure to have them create new preferences for the offending application. In my embarrassment in front of the audience, I didn’t take a minute to do this. On the flight home, I decided to take my own advice. I trashed the Photoshop, Bridge and InDesign preferences and viola, my problems were solved. Over the years, it has been my experience that Photoshop preferences, more than others, become corrupt. Fortunately, it’s a simple fix. The Preferences file can become corrupted, leading to all sorts of strange behavior. If you delete the file, it forces Photoshop to create a replace-

Kemper, con’t CONTINUED FROM PAGE 6

ment file the next time it opens. Without a Preferences file, Photoshop uses its original defaults. How do you know that the preferences have become corrupt in an application? A few clues include: - tools that don’t work - crashes - missing icons in the toolbox - or items in a menu - unusual colors in windows - and interfaces Most Mac users have become acquainted with the process of deleting offending preference files. PC users, on the other hand, had to know enough to locate invisible files. To simplify the process, Adobe has created a keyboard shortcut that can be used to trash and recreate preferences upon starting Photoshop. To replace the Photoshop Preferences file, close Photoshop and then, holding down Alt+Ctrl+Shift (Windows) or Cmd+Option+Shift (Macintosh), restart Photoshop. You will be asked if you want to replace the preferences. Photoshop will delete the Preferences file and revert to the default settings. So now you know. If you’re at a conference or class where my computer starts acting strange, slip up to me during a break and quietly remind me to check my preferences.

Happy Holidays

Best wishes for a safe and joyful holiday season from the staff of the Arizona Newspapers Association.

It remains to be seen whether we can “have our cake and eat it, too.” Some attempt to balance these competing goals. I say we should look for ways to maximize all important and credible goals that newspapers have. I also think there are enough questions to warrant more in-depth conversations during upcoming months about what all of this means and what we plan on doing for the future. In the language of Newspaper Next, there are indeed “disruptive innovations” and we need to learn how to maximize their potential without letting them harm the industry and its fundamental values. I would like to think that all Arizona newspaper executives and staffs could find ways to preserve traditional journalism and the bottom line at the same time in this new environment. Some claim this new paradigm someday will eliminate the need for printing, which cuts production and delivery costs and enhances profits. Others say the printed versions of newspapers always will exist, even if just as an ancillary product to fill particular needs. My most pressing question is how much traditional journalism that protects democracy will be found in those Web sites or pages. No matter what happens, times are changing, whether we are changing or not. It remains to be seen whether we as a newspaper industry will be assertive enough to make sure that those changes build upon and not replace our foundation of the fundamental values of journalism in a democracy. I still have hope, as long as we work together to make sure that happens. Kevin R. Kemper, Ph.D., J.D., is an assistant professor at the Department of Journalism at the University of Arizona, where he teaches Law of the Press and Freedom of Expression, among other courses. Kemper, a former newspaper reporter and publisher in Oklahoma, researches new legal and business models for news organizations to be able to make a profit and still protect and promote the fundamental values of journalism. ANA and API paid for the fee for Kemper, a member of ANA’s government and public policy committee, to attend the workshop. ANA asked that he write about his thoughts. Kemper, a recent dual degree graduate of the Missouri Schools of Journalism and Law, is preparing for the Arizona and California bar examinations. He may be contacted by email at krkemper@email.arizona.edu.


DECEMBER 2007

ANA

COPY EDITOR Prescott Newspapers, Inc., is looking for an experienced copy editor. The right candidate will have a degree in journalism or commensurate experience, an eye for detail, excellent grammar and proofreading skills. Knowledge of Associated Press style, and strong verbal and customer relation skills essential. Excellent benefits. (Dec. 3) ADVANCED GRAPHIC ARTIST AND WEB DESIGNER East Valley Tribune is seeking a versatile, innovative and creative advanced graphic artist with experience in both print and internet publishing. Responsibilities include delivering excellent customer service, ability to create and work in a team environment, provide professional electronic composition for Internet and print publishing, and a commitment to continuous learning. If you are a dynamic leader who enjoys working in a wonderful, team-oriented work environment then this is the position for you! Minimum requirements include an Associates Degree, 2 years experience in a commercial publishing/ printing/internet company and fluency with Macintosh and internet software. Interested candidates can apply online at www.freedom.com/careers. (Nov. 30) EDITORIAL ASSISTANT. News Services Team Member Needed Independent Newspapers has a position open on its East Valley news services team, processing incoming e-mail, handling sports and education coverage, doing community outreach, copyediting, working with community news submitters, paginating and proofing papers. Excellent computer and timemanagement skills a must. Copyediting, AP Style experience necessary. InDesign, PhotoShop skills a plus. A positive attitude and team spirit required. Tues-Sat schedule. Entry level position; hours 29-40 per week. Contact rdyer@newszap.com to apply. (Nov. 23) GENERAL ASSIGNMENT REPORTER Bajo El Sol, Yuma County’s Spanish language weekly newspaper Est. in 1991, is seeking a full-time, general assignment reporter. Primary responsibilities includes gathering, organizing and reporting on stories regarding Yuma County and Mexico, specifically

7

JobBank in the areas of entertainment, health and education. Must be available to work weekends and late evenings. Additional duties include taking photos, including video and audio as requested for web publication, and generating stories independently and producing other stories as assigned. Ideal candidate must be fluent in Spanish and English, have a degree in journalism or equivalent experience, basic photographic ability, able to use computer software required by the position, able to work on any given day of the week and have a vehicle for transportation and current Arizona driver’s license and insurance. If you feel this is a right position for you, please log on to www.yumasun.com to apply. EOE. (Nov. 15) REPORTER Arizona’s best non-daily newspaper needs a reporter who can handle a busy city government beat and make it

Calendar www.ananews.com/jobbank come alive for our readers, write compelling features, help with some copy editing and page design as needed. The Payson Roundup has been named the best non-daily newspaper in Arizona for nine straight years. This is a key position in our seven-person newsroom. We also do daily video reports and radio news broadcasts. We offer a competitive salary based on experience, along with dental and health insurance, paid time off, 40lK, etc. We will look at all resumes from recent grads and experienced reporters. Payson is the gateway for three national forests with great hiking, fishing, camping and other outdoor activities, yet only 90 minutes from Phoenix. Send you resume and a maximum of 10 reporting clips to Thomas L. Brossart, editor, Payson Roundup, P.O. Box 2520, Payson, AZ., 85541 or e-mail to editor@payson.com. (Nov. 6)

December 14, 2007 • ANA Online Workshop 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. @ Arizona State University, Tempe January 28, 2008 • Legislative Luncheon 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. @ Arizona Capitol Times, Phoenix March 16-22, 2008 • National Sunshine Week April 4-6, 2008,2008 • IRE Advanced CAR Statistics Workshop @ Arizona State University, Tempe April 21-27, 2008 • National Ethics in Journalism Week

Drawing A Blank?

October 10-11, 2008 • ANA Fall Convention @ Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Arizona State University, Downtown Phoenix

Let a free month of AdBuilder.com erase those blanks. AdBuilder.com has all the images, ideas and templates newspapers need. Hurry, this offer expires February 15, 2008. 800-245-9278, ext. 5324 • www.adbuilder.com/ad


DECEMBER 2007

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Thank You to all our client partners!

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w w w. Tr i Va l l e y H e r a l d . c o m

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w w w. S a n M a t e o C o u n t y Ti m e s . c o m www.OaklandTribune.com

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www.ananews.com A community newspaper for community newspaper people. December 2007 BY JOHN W. MOODY MILLER, L A SOTA & PETERS PLC Offic...

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