Page 1


MARCH, 1920


THE PHOENIX is published in November, January, March and May. Subscription price one dollar per year. Application lor entry as second-class matter at the postoffice at Richmond, Ind., pending.

NATIONAL COUNCIL President-Mrs. \IVm . Holmes Martin, N, 5 Cobden t., Roxbury, Mass. Vice President-Ida A. Jewett, AB, 511 Hitt St., Columbia, Mo. Secreary-Margaret Vei l, AG, Scalp Level, Penn. Treasurer-Ruth Duffey, AA, South Charleston, Ohio. Registrar-Naomi Caldwell, DD, Wapakoneta, Ohio. Historian-Mrs. Charles M. Chenery, A, 311 S. Jefferson St.. Petersburg, Va. Lib rarian-Mrs. Carl ~f. Brunson, BB, First Nat. Bank Bldg., Colorado Springs, Colo. Ritualist--Minnie Shockley, GG, 704 Church St., Alva, Okla.

BOARD OF ADV ISERS A lpha Alpha-Miss Amy Swisher, Oxford, Ohio. A lpha Beta-Miss Rosamond Root, Kirksvil le, Mo. Beta Beta-Miss Helen Payne, Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gamma- Miss Minnie hockley, Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-Miss Elizabeth Garber, Athens, Ohio. Epsilon Epsilon-Miss Catharine E. Strouse, Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta-Miss Bess Carter, \IVarrensburg, Mo.

BOARD OF SUP ERVISORS Alumnae-Helen Boggess, AA, 236 E. Madison, Springfield, 0 . Art-Grace E. Lyle, AB, Parkville, Mo. Examinations-Grace G. Fultz, DD, 96 W. 5th St., Chillicothe, Ohio. Extension-Dorothy Dakin, BB, Clayton, N. Mex. Music-Maude Barrigar, E E, Caldwell, Idaho. Paraphernalia-Ruth Dempsey, AG, 1002 Linton St., Johnstown, Penn . Scholarship-Frances Robertson, A, Blackstone, Va. orority Study-Mrs. Leroy Cole, GG, 311 Ele\'enth St., Hutchinson, Kans.

ALUMNAE SECRET ARIES Alpha Alpha-Catherine Arbogast, Springfield, Ohio. Alpha Beta-Claire D. McCallister, Milan, Mo. Alpha Gamma-Martha Hill, 730 Horner St., Johnstown, Pa. Beta Beta-Ada A. Baker, 503 11th Ave., Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gamma-Mrs. F rank G. Munson, College Hill, Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-Naomi Caldwell, Wapakoneta, Ohio. Epsilon Epsi lon-Nell Grant, 526 Union St., Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta-Joseph ine D ixon, 616 W. Lexington St., Independence, Mo . ASSOCIATION PRESIDENTS Chillicothe, Ohio-Alice Anderson, Ch illicothe, Ohio . Cincinnati,, Ohio-Dorothy Clason, Cincinnati, O hio. Columbia, l\1o .-Clara Pierson, 409 Hitt St. Denver, Colo.Edina, Mo.-Lettie Merrick, Edina, Mo. Greeley, Colo .-Mrs . George P. Woodbury, 1724 E leve nth Ave . Hannibal, Mo .Independence, !v1o.Johnstown, Penn .-Margaret Hummel, 600 Franklin St. Kirksville, Mo.- Mrs. A. Epperson, Ki'rksv ille, Mo. Lima, Ohio- Catherine Arbogast, 502 W. High St. Moberly, Mo.-Louise Estill, Moberly, Mo. Pittsburgh, Penn .-Monna E lms, St. Margaret's Hospital, Pittsburgh, Penn. Springfield, Ohio-Gai l Trumbo, Springfield, Oh io. Unionville, Mo.-Celeste Noel, Unionvi lle, Mo. CHAPTER ROLL Alpha Alpha---Miami Univers ity, Oxfo rd, Ohio. Alpha Beta-State Teache rs' College, Kirksville, Mo. Beta Beta-State Teachers' College, Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gan:ma-State Teachers' College, Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-Ohio Univers ity, Athens, Oh io. Epsilon Epsilon-State Teachers' College, Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta-State Teachers' College, Warrensburg, Mo.

EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief-Mrs. vVm. Holmes Martin, 5 Cobden St., Roxbury, Mass. Editorial Assistant-Eli zabeth Uhe, Edina, Mo. ubscription Manager-Helen Boggess, 236 E. Madison St., Springfield, Ohio. Chapter Historians Alp ha Alpha-Goldie V. Adams, 30 Hepburn Hall, Oxford, 0. Alpha Beta-Jean McKinley, 502 South High St., Kirksville, Mo. Beta Beta-Anna Wheaton, 1118 Eighth Ave., Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gamma-Edna Hockenberry, 715 Fourth St., Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-Ada Haun, Lindley Hall, Athens, Ohio. Epsilon Epsilon-Sarah H . Martin, 526 Union St., Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta-Dorothy Hale, State Teachers' College, VVarrensburg, Mo. ASSOCIATION OF EDUCATIONAL SORORITIES Pres ident-Mrs . Ida A. Jewett, ASA, 511 Hitt St., Columbia, Mo. Secretary-Miss Inez Beattie, PKS, A lva, Okla. Treasurer-Miss Maud Morris, DSE, A lya, Okla. Adviser to Panhellenics-Mrs. A. J. Hathaway, SSS, vVelland, Ont.

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NOTICE If you can not find time to read this issue through from cover to cover at one sitting, please read pages 9 and 10, and then fill out the questionnaires on pages 39 and 40. The Sorority is planning to publish a Directory. If this is to be of any value, it must be accurate. We can not have it accurate without your co-operation, so kindly send in the desired data concerning yourself at once.



THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE For a lon g- time I have wanted to talk with you all about man y thing-s, 'but the printed magazine did not seem to lend itself so readily to a discussion of private matfers as did th e mimeog-raphed form in which th e P HOENIX previously appeared. The personal letter to the membership last yea r was necessarily inadeq uate as a medium for the di stribution of information, since th er e was quite natura ll y a limit to th e number of pag-es that could be sent out letter post. U nless so mailed, however, th ere was no assurance that the material would reach its destination, or that it would be return ed to th e send er in case of non-delivery. A fter a careful consideration of various possible methods, it has seemed best to make this issue of the magazine an esoteric nnmber, and to send it to all whose addresses are definitely known. The cheaper postal rates for magazines calls for no greater outlay than did the personal letter of 19 18 in combination with the mag-azine. T he esoteric number should prove far more sati sfactory than a circular letter, since it enables the Sorority to p lace cefo re the major part of the membership a fu ll statement of its policie , its plans, its problems and its successes to date. If yo u hav e seen th e November PHOENix, you know wh at an improvement it was ove r previo us numb ers. It is the kind of issue that we should be able to publish fo ur tim es a year. O ur m ember hip is now so large that we could finance such a proposition, provided we could secure the support of every alumt1a. That we are findin g- it impossibl e to do it thi s yea r is clue to the fact that we cannot locate many o f our alumnae and so cannot make an appeal to their interest and loyalty. The exig-encies th at arose as a result of the War took many of our g-irl s out of th e teaching- profes ion into other work. It has been difficult, an d o ften impossible, to ob ta in the new ad dresses.



Every known method of reaching and interesting alumnae has been employed, as well as one original with Alpha Sigma Alpha. A word about this will not be amiss at this time. It is called the Octave idea. According to this plan, the alumme of every chapter have been grouped in e1"ghts. Each Octave has its K eynote, an especially enthusiastic member, who starts a Robin, or circulating letter, in her group, and who is ever afterwards responsible for its continued and rapid flight. The plan is working admirably in the newer chapters, as well as in the later years of the older ones, where the members have quite naturally kept up their interest in one another. One Keynote very happily conceived the idea of including an undergraduate in her group, to the end that the Octave might be brought into close touch with college and chapter happenings . The great problem at present, of course, is to establish live Robins in路 groups of ASA's long out of college. Some of our alumnce have had no other connection with the Sorority than a hurried initiation on some brief visit to the college town. Their names are on our rolls, but few of the ational workers are acquainted with these members, and therefore do not know how to find them when there has been a change of addres . The situation is one that calls for special and individual work on the part of those who have the time and interest, and I am therefore calling for volunteers who will offer to 路 serve as Keynotes of Octaves that they themselve will organize among the girls of their own day. Unless these Octaves are formed, and the older members brought to a realization of how important it is to e tabrish a connection again with the Sorority, and of how much their support will mean to Alpha Sigma Alpha, we can not hope to have four copies like the November PHOENix in one college year. ince it is necessary at this time to face conditions as they are, and not as we would like them to be, it will not be possible thi s year to publish more than two elaborate copies. Those alternating with them will have to be far less pretentious. The more attractive ones can be presentee\ to the faculty and to patronesses, and used a! o for ru hing purposes, while the smaller publication s are reserved for the perusal of members onl~y. Such a one is the present esoteric number. Another will be the Directory Number to be published in May. The November PHOENIX.



has already proved of great value as an advertising medium. Nothing like it was ever attempted by any organization in our own field, and there are few magazines in the university field that are larger or more attractive. Copies sent to the administrative officers of teachers' colleges that we desire to enter have made a most favorable impression, and have already resulted in an entirely new conception of the educational sorority. Several features in the November issue are worthy of mention. The cut on the title page, which was carried over from last year because it was so greatly admired by all, is a reproduction of a beautiful stained glass window, commemorative of the great Boston fire of 1872, when the entire business district and a large part of the residential section were destroyed. Boston makes frequent use of the phoenix in symbolism, as does the City of Chicago, the University of Chicago, and various Chicago publishing houses. The attractive little headings on the Honor pages are the work, of Mary Ruth Early of Alpha Beta, whose name in that issue, by the way, should have been listed on the Hermes Page. The other designs were made by a Boston artist from sketches by your N a tiona! President. The one Honor Page of last year has given place to several, in order to take care of the lengthening roll of those who desire to express in some concrete form their love and admiration for Alpha Sigma Alpha. Owing to the confusion between the expressions, life membership and life subscription, it has been found necessary to give distinctive names to each. The Hermes Roll carries the names of those who have paid down $50 for a life membership. The name is eminently appropriate in view of the fact that Hermes was credited with insuring the success of any enterprise. That is just what the Hermes people in Alpha Sigma Alpha are doing. On the Phoenix Roll are listed all who have paid clown $25 for a life subscription to the magazine. As lon g as we are on this subject, it may be well to restate at this time the provision made by the Chicago Convention for the different forms of alumn<e membership. Under the rulings of. that leg islative body, there are four kinds of aJu路mn<e membership. Alpha Sigma Alpha, therefore, carries four lists in its files (1) the Annual Roll, (2) the Phoenix Roll, (3) the Hermes Roll, and ( 4 ) the Honor Roll. Those on the Annual Roll pay $3 a year. Those on the Phoenix roll pay but $1 annually, as



they have already inve ted in a life sub cription at $25. Tho e on the Herme Roll pay no dues whatsoever, since they have contributed $-0 to the Endowment. Those on the Honor Roll have given $100 apiece to the end that the Sorority may eventually do many things otherwise impossible. James on the Honor Roll are to be carried on that page for all time. The names of Hermes people are to be listed only during their lifetime. All sums received for Honor, Hermes, or Phoenix enrollment are invested in Government bonds, and are considered a inviolate, the interest only being avai lable for Sorority u e. The income from the endowment funds of Alpha Sigma Alpha has not to date amoun ted to any considerable sum, because much of the investment wi ll not yield interest until late this college year, and some of it not until next year. The income of a considerable portion of it, moreover, must be expended on the magazine, since a PI路WE1 IX life subscription is included in aU the payments that have been made to date. The time is coming, however, when the endowment will enable the Sorority to attempt and carry through many splendid plan for the benefit of the membership. The idea is in line with the be t Hellen ic thought of the day. All fraternities and sororities of consequence have instituted campaign for the purpose of rai ing funds with which to endow their societies, to the end that they may become more vital factors in the training of youth. One fraternity, Beta Theta Pi, has started a drive for a half million endowment. A beginning has teen made with ten contributions of one thousand each, one of them given by a woman in memory of her husband. It is expected that the interest fr m the endowment will help chapters with house construction, provide scholarships and prizes, place inst ru ctor as 'big brother 路 in the chapter homes, help member needing loan in order to complete their coll ege \\'Ork, enable the fraternity to carry n more frequent and more helpful inspections, to make po sible eventually a reduction in annual clue and other charges. It i. estimated that the sum when completed will yield an annual income of $50,000, or about $.=:.00 a year for each of one hundred chapters. Most of the sororities now coll ecting endowments have in mind among other thing the establishment of central offices with paid as i tant . Paid workers are imperative in the larger ocie-



ties, since no officer could possibly give the time and close attention required by the vast amount of mere routine work. Records, supplies, files and the ordinary correspondence in connection with these important parts of a sorority's routine work, can be handled by ordinary office help, and should be so handled, in order that the national officers may be free to do constructive or intensive work within or for the organization. This the officer of experience and training is well qualified to do and should have time to do, for the measure of the success and prestige of a national sorority is wholly dependent upon the amount of time and thought that can be given to it by those familiar with the be t methods for the upbuilding of a Greek-letter organization. Another purpose that sororities collecting endowments have in mind is providing funds for frequent inspections. Experience has shown that no investment yields such large returns as does the inspection of chapters by an experienced national officer. Alpha Sigma Alpha, installed the idea several years ago, when it sent Miss Jewett on a tour of the chapters. Much good resulted from that trip. This year the Sorority has been so fortunate as to have as its inspector Miss Minnie Shockley, National Ritualist, and Dean of Women at the State Teachers' College of Alva, Okla. Miss Shockley has an assured and enviable place in the educational world, and so her visit to the chapters counted for much with college officials, whose good will and cordial interest it is most important for Alpha Sigma Alpha and all other similar sororities to obtain. Miss Shockley's trip advanced the cause greatly, in addition to all that she was able to do for the individual chapters. There is yet another matter connected with the November PHOENIX that might well be mentioned at this time. All the strictly historical matter in this issue has been kept standing in type for reproduction in book for~m as soon as the other college and chapter sketches have been similarly published. This plan will enable us to have a History of Alpha Sigma Alpha early in the life of the organization and at relatively small expense, whenever we are ready to have the book printed. A like method was used in the case of the legends published in connection with the PHOENIX of last year. These, together with some additional material not previously published, have been put into pamphlet



form, under the title of Symbolism of Alpha Sigma Alpha, for free distribution to the initiates of the future, and for sale to the ex-collegio membership. The price of these is 25c. Application for copies should be made to the National President. Stamp will be accepted in payment. In the course of the past year there has come to Alpha Sigma Alpha a number of petitions from normal schools giving a twoyear course. All these have been refused. Several considerations led. up to this decision. In the first place, both Missouri and Oklahoma raised their normal schools to teachers' college rank and authorized the granting of the bachelor's degree upon the completion of the four-year course. The giving of the name "teachers' college" to the normal schools in Missouri was a designation long overdue, for these institutions have for some time given four years of work of college grade. The Oklahoma decision, however, came as a recognition of the fact that the State has a right to demand the best preparation possible for those who are to determine its destiny through the education of youth. This is the stand that all the States in the lead educationally have already taken. There was another consideration that .led to the decision to make no more grants to the two-year normal school. This was the dropping from the roll of the only institutions that did not offer a four-year course, viz ., the Virginia State Normal School at Farmville, Va., and the Pennsylvania State Normal School at Indiana, Pa. In the latter case it was faculty opposition that brought about the disbanding of the Greek-letter societies, as was very clearly set forth in last year's PHOENIX. In the case of the Virginia Chapter conditions were slightly different, though the basic reason for withdrawing the chapter was faculty antagonism. For years the faculty of this institution has discouraged sororities. Every month or so there would be rumors that the societies were to be disbanded. Undergraduate members, never knowing when the blow might fall, took no vital interest in the sorority, and alumnce members fully expecting that the societies would not be allowed to continue, quite naturally lost interest in an organization that promised so little in their own State. To complicate matters still further, it was learned that the Chapter Adviser was wholly at variance with the national policies of Alpha Sigma Alpha, as



well as distinctly opposed to national affiiiation for her group, whose interests she wished to be entirely local. Under the circumstances there was only one course open, and that was the withdrawal of the chapter. This was accomplished by asking for the resignation of all the undergraduate members. Upon receipt of these, your National President advised the group that it could no longer operate under the name of Alpha Sigma Alpha. It accordingly took another. combination of Greek letters. Of the four sororities founded at the Virginia State Normal School but one remains, Sigma Sigma Sigma. Two others, Kappa Delta and Zeta Tau Alpha, were forced to give up their chapters there, in order to attain membership in the National Panhellenic Congress, to which they aspired, to the end that they might stand on an equal footing with their rivals in the university field . This coveted distinction was denied them so long as they carried the Virginia Normal School on their rolls, because this institution was not of college rank. Alpha Sigma Alpha is the first of the educational sororities to decide to restrict its grants to the four-year teachers' college. It has taken this stand for two reasons. It wishes to rank with the best in Bellas, and it wishes to be abreast of the times. A sorority operating in a two-year college is regarded as of junior rank only. Such are Beta Sigma Omicron, Eta Upsilon Gamma and Sigma Iota Chi, which are found in the junior colleges of Missouri and a few other States. Alpha Sigma Alpha desires a higher rank than is accorded to junior societies, to the end that its members may be admitted without question to city panhellenics everywhere. Membership in these college clubs is frequently denied to those whose sororities are not ranked as f~dl collegiate. More than all this, however, Alpha Sigma Alpha has seen the handwriting on the wall. It has learned that the faculties of standard teachers' colleges have no welcome for the sorority that carries on its roll a two-year training school, or that has in its constitution a provision for charter grants to such institutions. To countenance in their colleges a jtmior college sorority would stamp their schools as of jnnior college rank, say these faculties. Their position is one that is scarcely assailable, so the educational sororities must adjust their rolls to the demands of these colleges, if they wish to carry these high grade insti-



tutions on their chapter rolls. The pa t decade ha een much agitation in the univer ity and professional field on thi que tion of standardization, but as yet it has not seriou ly affected the average training school for teachers, though it ha been the leaven that has worked many changes 111 other profes ional schools. Time was when a young man secured all his medical knowledge by working in a doctor ' office and studying under his direction. There are physicians no\v practicing who never had more than two years' training in a medical chool, but they are generally the older men. The young doctor of today doe not attain the right to practice until he has satisfied the State authorities that he has been graduated from a four-year medical school, and that he has served for one year at least on the staff of some large hospital. There are some medical schools, 'moreover, that will not accept as students any save those who have previously obtained a bachelor' degree from an academic college. Time was when a youth acquired all his legal knowle lge by working in a lawyer's office and seeing practical demonstrations during attendance at court cases. Today in all the leading States there are very stringent rules that mu t be conformed with before one may be admitted to the bar and allowed to practice. There are some law schools indeed with such high tandarcls that they accept as students those 路 only who are the possessors of the bachelor's degree from an academic college. Such decision s add much di stinction to the legal profession, and tend to eliminate chicanery. Time was when preparation for teaching was deemed unneces ary, when the work was handed over to those incapacited by age or phy ical infirmity for anything more strenuou . Then arose the clarion voice of Horace :i\Iann in Massachusetts and of Henry Barnard in New York demanding a certain amount of knowledge and training for tho se to whom the State was to entrust the education of its future citizen . Althptwh this required preparation added considerable dignity to the position of the teacher, yet the insufficient rewards kept many from attempting thi s mode of earning a livelihood. It was not until the Civil \\ ar took its heavy toll of teachers of the land that salarie began to rise, and that women came to count a. a large factor in education. Girls who had finished the



rural schools with credit were immediately pressed into service. High school students of special ability were taken upon the faculty immediately after graduation. The large remuneration soon attracted many talented men and women and the profession acquired a dignity greater than it had ever possessed before, but unfortunately there came a time when there were two teachers for every vacancy. Those were the clays when the college graduate counted herself lucky if she could secure $50 a month in a country high school, when grade schools teachers in small towns had to be content with as little as $30 per month. For a time the dignity attached to the position, as well as the fact that there were few other avenues of equal attraction open to either men or women, kept the supply far ahead of the demand. This made it possible for school committees and State Boards of Education to require more knowledge and preparation of those who aspired to positions in the schools. A high school education, followed by several additional years spent in the studying of methods, was a sine qua non for all who aspired to teach in even a rural school. To secure a position in a high school one must be a college graduate. There was one State indeed that went so far as to require the masters' degree for all its high school teachers. Again has a great war had a remarkable affect upon the teaching profession. The enticing offers of the Government and of big business closed many a school room, and so today rural communities in certain States are ready to pay $1 SO a month for some one to teach less than a dozen children. They are willing to pay her this price even though she has not yet had time to finish her training course. All thi s sounds very fascinating to the average girl, of course, but it is well to r emember that the present shortage of teachers is probably only temporary. Such tempting salaries will .soon attract many who would under ordinary circumstances never give a single thought to the profession as a means of livelihood. Salaries that were rai sed after the Civil War remained at the new level, as will present clay salaries in all probability. 路when, however, the time arrives that there are two teachers for every vacancy, school committees and State Boards will demand more education and preparation on the part of those who would make teaching their life work. There are experienced educators who



prophesy that within five years, or within ten year at the very latest, there will be no new teacher in the grade school even who does not hold a degree from a four-year teachers' college. Those who are not already the pos e sors of life certificates would do well to secure them at once. It is only a question of a relatively short time, then, when all the educational sororities will restrict their grants to the fouryear teachers' college. Alpha Sigma Alpha had hoped to have legislation to that effect passed by the Associated Sororities at their bienn ial meeting in St. Louis during the Christmas Recess, but such as had groups at two-year schools "路ere very loath to g ive up either their present or their prospective chapters. They do not see, as does Alpha Sigma Alpha, that it would be the part of wisdom to have chapters in standard teachers' colleges only. and they coul d not understand the importance of perfecting a few select chapters in excellent schools, thus winning the approbation of faculties. To them a long chapter roll seemed quite the most desirable thing in the world, so it was impossible to make them realize that growth without strength, as fraternity records show, has been the rock on which many a Greek-letter organization has been wrecked. At the aforementi oned gathering Alpha Sigma Alpha had three National Officers present, Miss J ewett and ::\1iss Shockley of the Council, and Miss Root of the Board of dvisors. The only other sorority women on hand were Miss Maud Morris of the Alva faculty, representing Delta Sigma Epsilon, and Miss Inez Beattie of the Alva chapter of Pi 路Kappa Sigma, as delegate for that society. Owing to an unfortun ate misunderstanding, Sigma Sigma Sigma had no representative pre ent. In the course of the several business meetings a number of changes were made in the constitution, in order that certain rulings previously made might be stated more clearly. Perhaps the most important change in wording was that affecting the name of the organization, which is to be known henceforth as the Association of Educational Sororities. The attention of members is therefore called to the fact that they are to speak hereafter of Alpha Sigma Alpha and its rivals as Educational Sororities, in tead of pedagogical as formerly. The full text of the Association's Constitution and By-Laws will be found elsewhere in this issue. \Vhile Alpha Sigma Alpha has not been so anxious about



extension as have the other sororities in its field, it has been very much occupied with plans for intensive development. To that end it has installed the "Octave" plan, as already explained. Another of its ideas that is making for greater Sorority solidarity is the ritual that is now being employed for patronesses 路 and mothers. The services instituted for the initiation of these loyal supporters are quite as impressive and beautiful as those long used for Undergraduates and Chapter Advisors. The new idea was first introduced to the chapters during Miss Shockley's round of visits. It proved popular at once, and several mothers, as well as a number of patronesses, are now wearing the attractive 路badge. The special emblem of the mothers and patronesses is a gold crown bearing the Sorority letters and supporting four whole pearls in Tiffany settings. The motto is entirely different from any other used by Alpha Sigma Alpha, and was chosen on account of its singular appropriateness for the purpose to which it has been assigned. The colors of the degree are white and gold, and the flower is the daisy. The latter was chosen, not only because it emphasizes the two colors assigned to the degree, but also because it is closely allied i 路o the aster and the cl~rysan颅 themum. Future services for patronesses and mothers will be held at the time of the visit of a National Officer, or may be given by the Chapter Adv isor upon permission from the National Ritualist. Arrangements will be made later for the reception of the Mothers of ASA's who find it impossible to go to the college town for initiation. Any member o f the Sorority may purchase the emblem for her mother. The price is $10. The accompanying illustration gives one a very good idea of the design, but does not bring ou t the rich beauty of the jewels or the brilliant finish of the gold.

Although there are as yet only four educational soronties, competition is keen. There is every probability that it will become even keener as the sorority idea grows more popular in the teachers' college and additional societies are organized. It is important, then, that Alpha Sigma Alpha should have some well-defined rushing policies, so that the selection of new mem-



bers may not be too much of a hazard, and o that we may all feel reasonably sure that the present high standard of the Sorority will be maintained in all the years to come. Unless rushing is handled in a businesslike way, mi take are likely to happen, especially in the quick, short rush that prevails at some of the colleges on our roll. The problem i to eliminate risks so far as is possible. Our system of Faculty Advi ors has helped greatly in this matter, because the chapters have had the wise supervision of these mature and deeply intere ted women, who are in a position to study a group of rushees from all angles. The list of "prospectives" is alvvays ubmitted to the Advisor early in the rushing season for her approval, and her rejection of a name is final. Faculty Aclvi ors, however, are quite as busy with college work during early clays of rushino路 as are the undergraduate members, and helpful suggestions are as much appreciated by them as by the girls themselves, so they will be glad of all aids that will simplify matter . The first step in preparation for any r.ush sea on is the selection of a Rushing Captain. Upon her re ts the entire responsibility, for it is she who appoints the different committees that will move as one team toward the goal of No Lost Bid and No Unwise Bid. The person chosen for this important post should be one who has a passion for detail, and who is not afraid of hard work. Her first business, after outlining the duties of her committees, is to secure as complete a list as possible of all probable matriculates. These should be listed alphabetically by towns, as \veil as by surnames. s most mistakes in bidding are the result of a failure to obtain definite information concerning rushees, the Sorority has prepared the questionnaire printed on the opposite page for distribution among the alumnae. Copies will be furnished by the National President upon request from any member of the ociety. Alumnae who see the recommendation sheet in this issue of the magazine, and who need only one copy, can u e the sample here given as a basis for a report to any Chapter to which they may desire to end a recommendation. Reports hould be mailed directly to the Rushing Captain. If her addres is unknown, the recommendation may be sent to the Chapter dviser.




RECOMMENDATION Name of girL Father's name, and address R ecommended by .. PERSONALITY (a) (b)

Is she a good mi xer?.... .............................. Is she attractive? ............. Is she backward about meeting people? ......


Is she particularly stubborn o r selfish? ........................ Have you observed her in any other organiza tion ? (e) Has she ever knocked the organization? .............................. (f) D oes she take an active interest? ......................................... .. . (g) Is she indifferent? ........... . (d)

SCHOLARSHIP (a) What secondary school has she attended? ...... (b) Is she a graduate of that school?. ................ . (c) Check th e g rade Of her average work-85 to 100-75 to 85-65 to 75. Is this answer based upon wha t you have learned fr om the school

records? .................. . (d) Did she hold honors whil e in school either in scholarship ... or cla ss affairs? ... (e) What has she done s111ce g radua ti on from seconda ry school? ... (f)

How ma ny yea r s will she probably attend college? ................. . SOCI AL S TAN DI NG

(a) Is she a girl whom yo u would like to ha ve as a guest 111 yo ur own home? .................................... (b) Should you a lways be glad to point her out as one who belonged to your organ ization? .................................. . (c) Does she depend entirely upon her parents for money for her education? .................................... (d) Fath er' s business (e) Is she financially able to jo in this org,a ni zation ?.. (f) Are her parents in any way opposed to the sorority idea? (g) Has she r ela tives or close fri ends in our sorority or 111 any If so, who are they? ....................... . a favo rabl e } (h) D o you think we have { a doubtful chance of pledging this girl a n excellent should we find her desirable?

other ?.. ...........................

Return by ...........

to .....

REMARKS-Please a dd, on back of sh eet, anyth ing of interest or importance n ot cove r ed by the above questions. All th at yo u may write wi ll be cons idered strictly confiden ti a l. At the time of voting a ll r ecord s w ill be destroyed . Please regard this questionnaire as a pri va t e publi cation, and please see, therefor e, th at it does not fa ll into the h a nd s of anyone not a member of our orga nization.



Supplied with the questionnaires and with the addresses of all members of the Sorority, the Rushing Captain should not find it a difficult matter to secure detailed information concerning a large proportion of those who are expecting to enter college. All material received should be put on file in such form as will make it immediately available. As soon as the facts are on hand concerning a possible matriculate, she should be assigned to some member of the chapter who is expecting to return to college. If not contrary to local panhellenic rules, this member should call at the home of the prospective student, and should arrange a matriculation day date. If distance makes such social call out of the question, the member should open a correspondence with a courteous inquiry and a kindly offer to meet the g irl at the train and to assist with the intricacies of matriculation. By the close of the first day or so of college the Rushing Captain should be able, with the assistance of the other members of the chapter, to eliminate a 路large number of the names on her list. Such as remain should be arranged in a card catalogue abbreviated enough to he carried with ease in a large purse. Accompanying this there should be a schedule showing where every member and every rushee can be found every hour of every day during the rushing season, so . that rushees may be grouped together for better acquaintance with each other under the close supervision of some member, and so that they may also have an opportunity to be with members during all free hours. Rushees should be discussed frequently, so as to reduce the list of names in the card catalogue as quickly as possible. The rapid elimination of names not only reduces the strain of rushing for the membership, but also helps to make rushing far less conspicuous. Moreover, unless the chapter is greatly interested in a matriculate, it is not fair to the girl to rush her a long time and then drop her. During the process of elimination the Rushing Captain should be in complete command of the situation. Not only should she see that no girl is dropped from the tentative list to satisfy the whim of one member, but she should also take care that no one is retained on that list who does not give abundant promise of counting for much in the chapter and the college. It is not enough that a girl has been recommended. It is not enough that she is merely "nice." She should come from a good



family, and should have g raci ous manners. She should have good tas te in dress, and be modest in demeanor. She should have the social poise that is to be expected from one of her age, as well as the natural cordiality and innate kindliness that will in s ur~ her being popular with the general student body. Her scholastic record should show that she was at least in the first fourth of her class, and she should possess ab ility along some special line. As soon as th e tentative list has been reduced to approximately the number that the chapter has decided to bid, the Rushing Captain should start on her work of concentration. Her first step should be the selection of the member who can surely secu re an acceptance from a given rushee. This member becomes the sponsor for that ru shee. In makin g these appointments, the Rushing Captain will be greatly aided by a careful application of the principles laid down in an article entitled "Winging the \Vild ' vVrushee," printed elsewhere in this issue. She will also be ably seconded in her efforts by her efficient committees, which will have arranged for a series of attractive social affairs. In the final analysis, however, it is personality that wins, for the coveted ru shee will invariably choose the g roup in which she expects to be happ iest, and with whi ch she feels most at home. Fortunate indeed is the Ru shing Captain whose chapter is rich in g irls with personality. Success will perch upon her banners. As long as we have been considering the problem of selfperpetuation, we may well g ive some thoug ht to another closely al lied to it, that of self-preservation. Unless our type of organization is acceptable to the powers that be, there wi ll be small need for rushing policies, or any others, for that matter. Pandora's box of evils is always with us. The one big question is whether we are go ing to be sensible enough to keep it tightly locked, and, should the lock be accidentally broken, whether we are going to be sane enough to sit on the lid and keep it shut tight. Sori1e college communities have not 路 been wise, and so we have with us today the anti-fraternity agitation that may at any moment result in drastic legislation directed against the system. The present agitation, like its predecessors, brings fou r charges against the _Greek-letter society. These are extravagance, snobbishness, poo r scholarship and undignified behavior.

THE PHOENIX Two of these charges could not well be made against the educational ororities. Save in one ca e, where the social pace is et, not by the sororities, but by the college itself, there is no extravagance. The charge of poor scholarship would likewise have little weight in our field for students in teachers' colleges take their work as seriously as do doctors and lawyers. The charge of snobbishness sounds grave indeed, but, as a matter of fact, the malady is peculiar to youth, and is not confined to sorontles. It seldom becomes chronic, for life knows only too well how to lay our pride, our strength, our ambitions, and even our hopes, in the dust. The college girl who would be a snob is a very foolish virgin, for she ought to know that she is merely challenging fate, with all the odds in fate's favor. It would scarcely seem possible that organizations whose members are expecting to make teaching their life work could have the charge of undignified behavior brought against them, and yet the sororities at two teachers' colleges have this year countenanced such behavior in the weeks prior to initiation. Although the acts staged on these occasions may have been inspired by the spirit of fun only, there is in them a grave menace. The enemies of the sorority system are only too glad to find a reason for criticism. Then too there is always the danger that the "fun" of today may be the regret of a lifetime. An Iowa fraternity that was known for its novel stunts at mock initiations took much pride in its reputation for originality, until one night it tied a candidate to a railroad track. It was merely in search of a "thriller," and had not known of an emergency train that crushed the life out of the young man soon after he had been left on the track helpless. That act arou ed the whole country, and came near wrecking the entire fraternity system, for public opinion forced college after college to abolish their societies. Only this year a young collegian was seriously injured as a result of some "rough hopse" ceremony in a fraternity house. Not only did it mean a prison sentence for the thoughtless youths who had merely expected to perpetrate a good joke, but it has meant unfortunate new paper notoriety, as well as pulpit denunciations of the Greek-letter system. It may yet mean legislative action in the State where the affair occurred. No sorority can afford to take risks, or even near-risks. It policy must be to play safe at all times .




\Vru shee is a two legged wild animal, which has to be intensively cultivated before captured. Its favorite habitat is the great jungle of A merican universities, which covers with intellectual tang le th e larger part of the U nited States. T he Wrushee g rows to maturity unobserved in the underbru sh of American adolesence, but undergo ing a rap id metamorphosis at the age of 18 to 20 yea rs becomes for a week or ten days the center of a mad scramble. Each new crop of mature vVrushees is at thi s time attacked and practically exterminated by a vicious species of carniverous vultures known as F raternityhomi. And it has been observed by baffled scientists that the yearly crop, although annually assimilated by these omniverou s creatures, continues to increase in proportions, instead of diminishing, and eventually d isappearing as might be log ically deducted. A microscop ic exam ination of the Wrushee reveals two chief species, geographicall y divided into Eastern and VI/estern types. The Eastern Wrushee may be detected by a sharp cleavage of the skullverbage above the exact center of the cerebrum, the cilia falling equally to left and ri g ht. The vVestern vVrushee includes all others not so demarcated. F ive years ago I was one of those . . Today I am a rabid example of the Fraternityhomus, which is an illust ration in point of the terrible fate which befalls th e unsuspecting vVrushee on entrance to the educational j tmg le. Grimm est fact of all in the result of this encounter with these cannibals of the intellect, the Wrushee loses entirely hi s original characteristics and in turn devotes him self to the pursuit of his former brothers. To this chase I have for fi ve year s lent my energ ies unceasing ly, that no vVrushee escape the clutches of my clan. Such is the strange psychology of the matriculati on metamorphosis. Speaking of clans, there are many among the F ratern ityhomi. In my part o拢 the jungle there are twenty. To add to the horror of the slaug hter of the \ Vrushee brood is the yearly combant between these twenty clan s. Sometimes ten of them will pursue one lone W ru shee, with wild and wo路olly j oustings, reso unding en~ounters, fi sti~ and verbal campaigns and midnig ht sorties. The res ~tlt is conquest for the most aggressive clan and a complete mental and physical breakdown on the part of the struggling



\Vru hee. But giyen a week to recuperate and the \\"ru hee i no longer an object of pity. His vulture wings begin to prout, and another year sees him on the wing with beak expectant and talons set for victims. In my clan are thirty such, and I am proud to say they bring home the bacon. The question now before us is how do they do it ? \\"hat i the ammunition that brings down these wild \iVrushees? Rushees are of two general types. Five years of experience leads to this general conclusion. They are either emotional or intellectual. The first rapid survey of the man should reveal his general type. \IVithin the fraternity, naturally, there is also the same demarcation. \Vith this fact clearly understood th e chairman of rushing therefore has two platoons to draw upon. If the rushee be of the intellectual stamp, proper captaincy will provide for his entertainment and companionship the men of the intellectual platoon. If he be of the emotional class platoon number two should be called into action. The strength of this general scheme lies in the fact that the fraternity man kno\YS what he is to do and why he is doing it. The ru shee responds unknowingly to the magic touch of per anality. In the knowledge that he is working on the rushee through his emotions, the emotional type of Greek becomes a powerful agent. To so educate hi assistants, in their strength and weakness, is the task of the rushing captain. He therefore must be a man of keen insight into human values and characteristics. In him rests the real strength of the unit. Many a fraternity chapter ha had a season of failure through the lack of such a leader. l\Iany a chapter works on this general scheme instinctively and succeed . If the psychology at th e basis of the matter be understood, chances of success are that much improved, and a conscious education in the work makes a perpetuation of this success pos ible. The basis of the emotional type is in the purely phy ical. As H enry James has pointed out the emotions are the result of physical acts or reaction s. " \Ve run , and therefore we are afraid; we cry and therefore vve are sad, ' he aid. Therefore the emotional appeal is the re ult of the phys ical appeal. Let us take Bob La vvrence a an example. Bob was a mce looking little devil from Brown Yille. He had been Captain of



his basketball team and was a prospective 'Varsity man. He was a highly desirable rushee. Tom Livingstone, one of the fraternity from Brownsville, had made first dates with him. The fraternity had one day in which to either get him or lose him. The rushing captain looked him over. He set him clown as predominately emotional. So he put him in charge of Allen Walker, the best of the emotional group of rushers. That night, after dinner, Allen put the pledge pin on him. How did he do it? In twelve hours he had made that kid from Brownsville believe that he was the most wonderful fellow in the world. He had implanted in the boy's heart the desire to belong to his fraternity and be his brother. And this Allen Walker had done without one mention of fraternity. He had not told young Lawrence of the house at Stanford or Michigan, or the number of senators, or bishops or baseball stars in the Fraternity. He had not spoken of the wonderful national organization of the Fraternity, nor the local standing of the chapter. In fact Allen Vlalker might not have known wl1at a fraternity was until the moment he put the pledging question. The answer to the proposition is personality. \ iVith personality and personality alone \iValker pledged young Lawrence. So he has pledged many other men. So have many other \i\Talkers won for our chapter. Do you see what I mean by the emotional appeal? I did not call it personality before, because there is also an intellectual personality, which is important in landing our other type. It might be said, at this point, that this is true in every fraternity, only the men do not think of it that vvay. True, I am arguing for conscious rushing, for conscious pursuit of these psychological channels. \i\That is the ammunition \iValker used in lanclii1g Bob Lawrence? Himself, purely and simply, is the answer. Allen \i\1 alker is a handsome young fellow of 20. He is somewhat of an athlete himself. He is socially versed. His greatest asset, perhaps, is his smile. That smile would melt the heart of a calculus shark. When he shakes hands, his personality seems to flow from his eyes and his smile. There is something commanding in the grip of his 路 hand. \i\Then he puts his arm on Lawrence's shoulder and calls him, "old man," there is a convincing and affectionate tone in his voice. He can sing, drive a car, dance, knows the best

THE PHOENIX shows, everywhere is greeted with a. smile and an eager greetino-. Is it any wonder, that at the end of that twelve hours, Bob Lawrence believes that he has known him all his short life, and wants to know him for the rest of it? Every chapter has its Allen Walker, and some chapters are fortunate to have many. If they understand the ecret of their charm, they are invincible. The intellectual lad is a harder proposition to handle. He must be appealed to by facts. Allen Walker's charm is a fact which he takes into consideration. But he is not swept off his feet. He must be shown. There are always intellectuals in the chapter. If they couple with their brains, a pleasing approach and a modicum of .p ersonality, they, too, are invaluable. And then there is the intellectual personality I spoke of. This rests in the character of the work in which the man is interested. If he is interested in engineering, and has a clear, clean cut brain, his intellectual per onality of clear, clean cutness may appeal to the intellect of one of our second type. If his does not, some other's may. It may be the vivid imagination of an artistic intellect which will grasp the attention of the intellectual rushee. Even where there is no community of interest there will develop a mutual respect, which is akin to the phy ical affection of our emotionals. And o at the end of a clay, the proper rusher placed with this intellectual rushee, may also gain the necessary result without 路dwelling on fraternity. However, the- usual intellectual is a hound for Baird's manqal, bishops, chapters, houses, and other concrete evidences of greatness. Give them to him, for we have them, to the last bishop, and throw in Champ Clark for good measure. All he requires is equal or superior intellectual consideration and guidance in his problem. You should be able from a chapter of thirty to provide him with it. So far we have discussed only the individual rusher. Now how about mass rushing. Mass rushing means merely a multiplication of the individual factors already dwelt upon. But also there are certain additional factors which the introduction of the mass element precludes. o experienced ru her would underestimate the value of bringing a rushee into a crovvd of plendid fellows. His impression of one man i multiplied many times, so i his desire for

THE PHOENIX memb ership. Then there is the emotional pressure of th e crowd. Invaluable elements are music, light, open fire s, cigarettes, dinners, flowers, refreshments . A ll of these things provide the sta ge setting for th e individual or fo r the group. Beautiful hou ses, handsome automobiles, yachts, overwhelm the desired youth. That is the reason for massing o f resource which is practiced by experienced rushing chairmen. But many a fraternity has held immense ru shing parties in million dollar country homes, and lost every rushee. Remember you r personality fir st, and then back it up with material riches, to the limit of your ability. Intelligent and unostentatious use of thi s property w ill st r engthen the fraternity. Injudicious display will frighten away the boy of moderate means. In this way fooli sh display will injure r ather than help ru shing . Keep this always in mind. Judgment of the standa rd of living to which a man is med is an invaluable portion of the rushing direction. \1\f ithout little worldly wealth I have seen my own chapter clean the campu s. At an earli er time with irru11ense re~ou rces I hav e seen it fail. S uch has been the history of every chapter. But too often the lessons of yesterday are lost in th e passing of the uppe rclassmen. It is for thi s reason I am writing thi s articl e. What knowledge I have ga ined in fiv e years of college, and lour years as chairman of our rushing committee I have tried to pass on to my ow n chap ter , and in thi s brief discussion to set clown perman entl y. Dy follow ing the pr ecep ts above et forth I have seen my own chapter, during the staggering yea rs of the great wa r, r ecover from the blow whi ch left it with but one active, until it is now on a pre-war basis, actuall y stronger than before. In this record I place the confidence, wh ich justifies my statements. This fall will see th e return to the universities of America the g reatest and finest aggregation of you ng men in th e history of our country. It is the fraternity man路s opportunity. Every one of our chapters, if they but utili ze their st rength to the fulle st extent; consciously and purposely, wi ll find th emselves stronger, a nd more powerful than eve r before. \tVhet her or not we do succeed is to be our te st of stewardship. I am reminded, after this lengthy in spection of the ru hing pr oblem, o f an amusing case which illu str ates the variability of



all affairs into which th e human element enters, and rushing is humaness par excellence. Jimmy Jones came to \ iVashington. He was a hand orne young fellow, well dressed, well recommended and with a very pleasant personality . He was very strongly ru heel by three fraternities. The race was between the two strongest. The third, one afternoon called the other two and triumphantly announced his pledging. How did they do it? They had learned that the clay of their date was his birthday. After a half hour of music, smoking, singing, handshaking and other confusing demonstrations he sat down to luncheon at the head of an attractive table, heaped with fl owers. There was a ono- and the curtains parted. One of the boys entered dressed as a negro butler. O n a red silk pillow reposed a Morocco case. The imposing mulatto approached Jimmy and stopped beside him. "A birthday present for you, Sah," he said. Jimmy took the beautiful little morocco box from the silk cushion , looked confusedly around him, astonished at this show of knowledge of his personal affairs and the attention it indicated, and finall y opened the leather case. A 11 eyes were on him. His astonished eyes rested on the case and saw a gold and enamel pledge pin. "Let me put it on," said a persuasive voice at his side. Jimmy gave one helpless look around this carefully staged, scene, from flo wers to negro butl er, and back to pin again. The pressure wa very tense. He couldn 't speak, but his head nodded dumb assent. So Jimmy is a Chi Lam, and he doesn't know to this day how it happened. There are therefore all degrees of psychological attack, and the man with th e most brains wins. When on the trail of the wild Wrushee, remember that like all wild animals he can be tamed, when confronted with the trained intellect of man. That is what you are supposed to have gotten in college. If not, you have until Fall to mend your ways. For the 1920 crop is going to be a bumper one, and you can't afford to be bumped.-The Rainbow of Delta Tau Delta.




I. NAME. This organization shall be known as the Association of Educational Sororities.

II. OBJECT. The object of this Association shall be (1) to furnish a forum for the discussion of matters of interest to the Sorority World in general, and to the Educational field in particular; (2) to establish standards of excellence along every line of sorority endeavor, as an organization, as a factor in school, as a force in the lives of graduate members; (3) to define a code of sorority ethics, and ( 4) to serve as a court of final appeal in the case of local panhellenic difficulties.

III. ORGANIZATION. This Association shall be composed of one delegate from every sorority on its official roll. SECTION 1. The official roll shall be as follows: Sigma Sigma Sigma 1 Alpha Sigma Alpha, Pi Kappa Sigma, and Delta Sigma Epsilon. SEC. 2. Additions to the official roll shall be in the order of admission to membership. SEc. 3. No sorority shall be admitted to membership unless it has five chapters, publishes an official magazine, and receives the unanimous vote of the delegates from those sororities already on the official roll. SEc. 4. The presence on a sorority roll of an institution that does not offer a two years' course in pedagogy shall debar the applying sorority from membership, even if the sorority fulfills all the other requirements of this Article. SEC. 5. A charter grant to any institution that does not meet the standards set forth in Sec. 4 of this Article shall be interpreted as a forfeiture of membership in the Association.



The officers of thi s Association shall be: a Chairman, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and a Director of Local Panhellenics. They shall be elected at the regular biennial meeting in April and shall hold office until their successors ha ve been duly chosen and qualified. When, for any r eason, an office becomes vacant between biennial meetings, the sorority which that officer represents hall noti fy, in writing, th e officers of the Association of the nam e and address of th e successor. \ '' â&#x20AC;˘

MEETINGS. This Association shall conven e bi ennially in April, at such date and place as may prove most conveni ent to a maj ority of the officer

VI. AMENDMENTS. 1 Lis Constituti on may be amended a t a Conventi on onl y, and onl y in case of a una nimous vote o f the so rorities present. Previous notice o f a proposed amendment shall be sent in writing at least four weeks before the biennial meeting to each office r of th e Association.


I. DUTIES OF OFFICERS ' SECTION 1. Th e Cha irm an shall be the chief officer of the Associati on ; she shall preside a t all regular a nd spec ial conferences; she shall be responsible for the work of the Association throug hout all its departments, and shall be empo wered to super vise the work of the other office rs. SEc. 2. The Secretary shall keep a correct reco rd of the proceedings o f the Association ; she shall have the custody of the records a nd of a ll papers; she shall draw all orders on th e Treasurer; she shall keep a co rrect li st of the nam es and location of the chapters and na tional officers of each so ro rity in the A sociat ion; she shall authenticate all acts a nd o rd ers of th e Associati on ; she shall keep th e other officers in formed a to notices, motion s, o r other in for mati on pertaining to their offices, or the intere ts of the Association. SEc. 3. Th e Treasu rer shall receive all moneys of the ssoetat1 on ; she shall coll ect all dues; she shall keep an accurate acco unt of all receipts and disbur3ements; she sha ll pay out all funds on an o rd er drawn by the Secretary and sig ned by the Chairman; she hall rend er a written report at t he biennial meeting; she shall o rder stati onery and printing upon the order of the Association.



SEC. 4. The D irector o f Local Panhell enics shall ad vise with the local Panh ell enic Associa ti ons in all matters in which her advice may be helpful ; she sha ll furni sh copies o f th e Association constituti on, by-l aws, ~o d e o f ethics, and Model Constituti on and By-Laws for L ocal P anhelleni c A ssociati ons to the paph ell enic 路association s wh ere any two Associati on sor oriti es have chapters ; she sha ll secur e monthly reports f r om the local pan hell enic associati ons; she shall , at her r equ est, have prin ted fo rm s for these reports.

II. DuEs _'\ND F EES

Dues shall be levied annuall y a t th e ra te o f t en dollars on each so rori ty m th e路 Assoc iati on, payable by th e fir st o f A pril.


In a ddition to th e r egula r bi enni al meetin g in A pril , special con_fe r ences may be he'd at any tim e and pl ace agr eed upon by a maj ority o f th e o fficer s o f the Association.


A quorum fo r a r egula r or a special meetin g of the Assoc iatio n shall consist of one d elegat e fr om each o f a ma jority o f th e members o f th e Associati on.

v. L o c A L PANHELL ENrc AssociA TI ONS

There shall be a local panh elleni c association fo rm ed wherever th ere are t wo soro ri t ies belong ing to thi s Association. SEc. A. T hi s loca l panhell eni c shall be o rga ni zed by th e in stalling office r of the second Association sor ori ty in stall ed up on any campu s. SEC. B. A ny such panh elleni c associa tion mu st be govern ed by th e Model Constitu tion ap d By-Law s a dopt ed by thi s Association, and amende d at succeed ing biennia l meetin gs . SEC. c. A ny nati onal offi cer o f any Association sor ority visiting a chap7e r in an offi cial capacity shall call a meetin g of the local panhell eni c associa tion, and shall send a r eport of local panh ell eni c conditi ons to th e offi ce rs o f the Associati on of Educat ional So ro rities .

VI. R usH I NG.

Faculty members o f th e Associati on sor oriti es shall take no pa rt m ru shing.




Local panhellenic association m!ly make by-laws to meet local exigencies, provided the rulings do not conflict with any article laid down in the Model Constitution and By-Laws for Local Panhellenic Associations.


The rules governing the meetings and acts of this Association shall be the latest revision of Roberts' Rules of Order.


These By-Laws may be amended on ly at a biennial meeting of the Association of Educational Sororities and only in case of a unanimous vote of the sororities present. Previous notice and a copy of the proposed amendment must have been sent to each officer of the Association at least four weeks in advance of the meeting. CODE OF ETHICS. The Association desires to go on record as believing that membership m the Associations obligates every sorority on its roll and every initiate thereof: 1.

To cooperate with school authorities.

2. To respect and obey both the letter and the spirit of any agreement made by either the school or the Association. 3.

To refrain f rom general discussion of soro rity disagreements.

4. To refrain from speaking disparagingly of any sorority or nonsorority girl. 5. To so regulate personal conduct that it shall at all times conform in spirit and appearances with accepted standa rd s of good breeding. 6. To conduct all rushing as inconspicuously as possible, and to make the lines between the sorority girls and the non-sorority girls as slight as possible. 7. T o remember that of those to whom much is given much is required, that a sorority badge is not a mark o f superiority, but a pledge to high endeavor.





The name of this organization shall be the Panhellenic Association of .. .. .................... .


This panhellenic association shall ( 1) fix the date of pledge day; (2) pass and enforce rushing rules; (3) regulate other matters pertaining to local panhellenic life, and ( 4) encourage all chapters to take an active interest in all school activities for the common good.


This assoc1at10n shall be composed of three delegates from every national soro rity in the school. Local sororities shall be urged to become members of the local panhellenic associations under the same provisions for representation. The delegates, wherever possible, shall be one alumna, one upper-class, and one lower-class girl, this last to be the upper-class representative the following year.


The officers of the local panhellenic association shall be a President, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secretary, and a Treasurer; each office to be held in rotation by the sororities according to the time of their establishment in the school, and the term of office to begin and end with the school year.


Regular meetings shall be held once each month during the school year.



Any sorority found g uilty, 路 by the local panhellenic association, of violati ng any of the a rticl es of this constitution or its by-laws shall be reported at once in writing to the National President of the offending sorori ty, a nd to the Cha irman and the Director of Local Panhellenics of the As ociati on of Educational Sororities.

VII. AMENO,l\I ENTS. This Consti tuti on may be am end ed by the Associati on of Educational Sororities only. BY-LA WS.

I. DunEs



The officers o f thi s local panhellenic association shall have the follo wing duties and powers: SECT:ON A. The Chairman sha ll be the chi ef office r of the local panhell en ic association; she shall presid e at a ll regula r and special meetings; she sha ll be responsi ble for th e work o f the panhellenic associatio n throughout all its depa rtments. SEc. B. The Recording Secretary sha ll keep a clear, tru e and complete record of the proceedings of th e local pan helleni c association; she sha ll have th e custody of th e records and of all papers; she shall draw a ll ord ers on th e Treasurer. SEC. c. Th e Corresponding Secretary shall write all letter s necessitated by the bu in ess of th e panhellenic association a nd shall send th e minutes of each meeting, once each month, to th e Director o f L ocal Panhellenic As ociat ions. She shall furnish prompt reports to any National Office r of any Associati on so r orit y requestin g such r epo rt. SEC. o. The Treasu rer sha ll receive all moneys of the local panhellenic association; she shall coll ect all clues; she shall pay out all funds on an ord er clra.wn by the Secretary and signed by the Chairm an ; he shall render a written report as often as request ed by any membe r of the loca l panhell en ic association.

II. DUES. Due hall be levied at the rate of $ . .. ... * ap iece on each sorority hold ing membership in thi s as ociation, payable within one mon th after the open ing of the school yea r. (*Amount to be dec id ed locall y.)



III. MEETINGS. In addition to the regular monthly meetings, special meetings may be called at any time by the Chairman of the association, and must be called whenever two members of the panhellenic association request that one be called.

IV. QUORUM. A majority of the members of the local panhellenic association shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

v. MEMBERSHIP. The rules governing invitations to membership m any sorority holding representation in this panhellenic association must include at least the following: SEc. A. No sorority shall bid a girl unless she is the holder of a high school diploma in a full four years' course, or has had an equivalent education. SEc. n. The definition of 'equivalent' shall in each case be left to the faculty advisers of the sororities in this associat.ion. SEc. c. No girl shall be asked to join any sorority in this association until she herself has matriculated. SEC. D. Matriculation shall be defined as enrollment in the school, for resident work. PROVIDED that members of AES sororities may become members of other sororities, provided that the other sorority is not a member of Lhe Association of Educational Sororities, or one operating in the regular normal school or teachers' college field. PROVIDED FURTHER that nothing in the above Article is to be cnmtrned as excluding any member of AES sororities from membership in any honorary sorority.

VI. INVITATIONS. Invitations to membership in any sorority of this association shall be in writing and answers thereto shall be required in writing.

VIi. BROKEN PLEDGE. No girl who has broken her pledge to one sorority of the Association of Educational Sororities may be invited to join another sorority in this

THE PHOENIX assoctatJOn for one calendar year from the date of her re ignation as a pledge. By the word 'pledge' is meant 'promise' to join a sorority in the form of a written acceptance to membership.


No girl who has ever been initiated into one or more degrees of any sorority of the Association of Educational Sororities may be given an invitation to membership by any other Association sorority. This includes the pledge degree or service.


A girl who leaves college prior to initiation shall be considered released from her pledge at the close of the school year during which she was a pledge. When she matriculates again on the Campus, she may be re-pledged by the sorority of which she was formerly a pledge, but by no other Association sorority.


Rules on rushing shall be printed and may be as widely distributed as local needs and conditions may demand.


All the business of this local panhellenic assoctattOn shall be conducted and all questions decided m accordance with the latest revision of Roberts' Rules of Order.


These by-laws may be amended by the Association of. Educational Sororities only.





Full... ........................................................................... Chapter ............... .

Home Add ress ............................. .................................................................................................. . Date of Teachers' Coll ege Graduation .................................................................... . (Month, Day, Year)

Diploma or Degree Received ............................................................................................ Postgraduate Work at ................................................. ·······································-············· (P lace and Length of Time.)

Other G reek-Letter Initiation ......................................................................... (Month, Day, Year)

Degree or Diploma Received ............................................................................................ Occupat ion Last Yea r.. ....... . Occupation This Year ............ Occupation Next Ye~r ......................................................................................................... . Date of Marriage......... ,............................ ........ P lace .................. . (Month, Day, Year )

(City and State)

Husband's Name in Full... ................................ ................................................... . H u sband's College and Fraternity ... Husband's Business .............................................................................................. . Birth Dates and Names of Children ..........................................................

O ther Facts of Interest, such as Chap ter, College, or Scholastic Honors, Club Membership, Honors Attained by Husband, etc.

Mail this sheet to Mrs. Wm. Holmes Martin, 5 Cobden Street, Roxbury, Mass.



Do you belong to an Octave ? If so, who is it Keyuote.~ If you are a K e路y notc, list alphabeticall y the surnames of those comprising it.

If yo u are not in an Octave, would yo u like to be in one, it if is possible to form one? Would you be wi lling to serve as Keynote? If you wish to be in an Octave, li st the names, with addre ses whenever known, of those with whom you would most enjoy being associated.

Mall this sheet to Mrs. Wm. Holmes Martin, 5 Cobden Street, Roxbury, Mass.

Profile for Alpha Sigma Alpha Sorority

Asa phoenix vol 6 no 2 mar 1920  

Asa phoenix vol 6 no 2 mar 1920