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1 . 1917 •

AN ENLARGED COUNCI L When the new !~J pha Sigma Alpha. H:J. s pro jected in the Spr:i.ng of 191~, one of the Plans was fo r a Nati ona.l Councll ·!bhat should be a. dupll.cate of the Chap ter Assembly and tha. t shculd h ave theref ore eight members. So large a C ouncil~ h owever; appeared r~ther un- ' wieldy, as well as unnecessary, whil o the reM·ganized Soror ity was as y.:t only. projectecl, and so it was rec ommended to the 1iami ConventJ.on, whJ.ch m~t in tho Fall of 191~ that ' there be but f our members o~ the Council,-a President, a Sec~etary , a Treasurer and an Histor~an. Th~ Conv enti on acted upon this suggesti on and at the sume tJ.me refra1ned from dofinin tho duties of those e l eeted thus leaving them quite free t o blaze their own trails as time ~nd circumstance should dictate . While the Chapter Roll and the Membership List rema ined small, as was the cas e during the first year and f or mos t of the soconcl, the four Councillors did not fi. nd their dutieo onerous, but during the present scho ol year, there has been such a pr essure of detail work that your Nati ona l President has fou~d it impossible t o do the constructive plannfung th:J.t she had hoped to do for the Sorority . The 0.eat:1 of Mr s. Reed quit e na turo.lly increased the burdens already lo.id upon the shoul de rs of your President , in epi te of the fact that many vol unteers i mneclia tely c ame forward v'li. th offers of· assistance. ll numb er of the se vo lunteers are now busy on special assignments ·and e.re r c~ ndering sp lendi d servic e in vari ous capacities, but form the vo . . ·y na tur e of the kibd of work that Mrs. R~ed was doing, there wo.. d mucJ.1 that could not be handed over t o another until the pers on had ho.d s omG training. These Cornmi tt e o"", h owe ve:r 1 d~.c1 not seem t o ,neet all t he . ne~ds of ·the Sorority, and s o , af t er due deliberation, your National President felt that t ho time had c ome when the Council shou1d be enlarged, ancl when c ertain vm ll-c1.8i'inec1 duti es should be assigned to eanh Nati on a l Officer~ ;.~ c o r ding ly a reconnendation was made to the other t wo membors o~ t he Coun cil, and a vote taken somewhat later resulted in the ostablis:1mo~t of a gov erning b0dy rf eight members . · This pl an , as may b e readily seen, gi v es each Chapter a Superv-".sor f'ln the Nati rmal Council, sttme one t o whom she may turn. <:. any mcment f.)r :~.dvice or sugges ti:~ns, some ')ne t o whoJ? she is dl r octly responsible for the prop3r ciis charge ~ f her dut1es , some on . . wi t.h whom she may vrorl{ to i mprov e the char actor of her Cl;tapt er, s? ~h2.t it may become a mnclel on its own c am~Jus. B'lA.t :Nat 1onal Offl~ers, whil e work ing to pe rfect the Ch:J,pters thr our;l their ~ Unde r: J~ ~l. ­ dtes', v1ill be vi,.,rldng together o.s a ·:lhole tti. make th~ Nat1_:n?-l ~~.~"­ a to r t~O in the Pedo,gogic a l Fiold and a. power 1~ th~ l1VBs. O.t.. 1 ts Ol :l '.· mombaro . Believj.ng that the genero.l mem?e r sl;tlP Wlll be ~nterestA u in the dut i es of the C'~unc il, some.Epace 1s g1ven to sett1ng these f0 rth.


76.

In the interim bet·,·ree~ Convenf:.ions ·,:r:e government of Al pha Sigma illpha shall be in t he hands of n. National Council of ei gh t m ,rbers,- a President, a Vic e President 1 a Secretary, a Treasurer 1 a Registrar, an Historian, a Librari a n and a Ritualist. Sec 1. It shall be the duty of th e Natio:1a l President: ·to preside at the National Convention 1 t o see that all Sorority Officers perform their duties fai thful ly , . . .o h old the powe r of final decision on a ll dispute d point s; and to have a general supervision of the work of the Sorority . o

Sec.2. It shall be the duty of the National Vice Presi ent to serve as De an of Chapte r ~dv i sers, to exerci se a general supervision over the Undergraduate Cf1apters, c;md to have charge of the J. .nnual Sorority Examinations o

Sec.3. It shall be the duty of the Natj_onal Secretary to attend to the genera l c orrespond ence of the Sorority ~ to supervise the work of the St a te and Class Secretaries 1 and to superint end the es tablishment and worlr of the lllumn_a e 1l.ssociations . Sec.~. It shall be th e duty of the Nationa l Treasurer to receive all Nationa l Dues and Initi a tion Fees , to pay out monies only by order of the N~tiona l Pr es ident, and to keep a strict and a ccur at~ a ccount of all receipts and expenditures .

Sec.5. It shall be the duty of the Natj.onal Registrar to care for the National Ca rd Catalo gL:e, anJ. to publish a Directory of the membe:'ship, as often as funds are a vailable for the pur pose . Sec.6. It shall b e the duty of t he Nationa l Hi s torian to gather material and data f or a His tory to be published whenever the Natione.l Convarrcion sha~. l s o dec i de. She shall keep an accurate histor1ca! account of the Sorority in general and of each Chapter yea~ by y ear. Se~. 7. It shall b e the du ty nf the National L'ibrari an J.:.o care for the National Fil e s and to supervise th e Chapter Programs.

Sec. n , It shall be the dut y of the Nationa l Rituali s t to sup ervise th e seore t work of the Chap t?rs, anc to cee_ t ha t a ll In:. ti a tion Services a re condl:4C.t.ed ~n accordanee w~ th :l~a.t i O!lal Ru lings. B • Each Nationa l Officer is the Supervisor of the corresponc:l_ing Chapte r Off' ic e r and directs the work of hor ' UnJe rctudy' . ~

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In addition t o the afor cmc tioned ties , eac1 a ~o~ 1 Councillor has been made a memb er oft. e0 i mpn rt a nt committees. It is h oped that the accompanyi~g figure wi!l Yi3ua li=e these e~L ra reo po~ ­ aibilities, bu t in case t~ere should be any dou~t about t e rratter ) t he committees are li sted below1 the Chc:.irraC".n in every case be ing given first.

. F111f:~"'Wr.· · · · ·· - . . : -:

IN~-RI O

VICE PRES I DENT • : ·.

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SOCIAl LIFE--Se cretary an d Hi stori an . ETHICS-.-Pr es i dent and Ri tualist . INTERIOTI--Vic e Pr es i dent an'-1 Presic ent . FIN!~ C E -- T r eacur ~ r

E;~ TENS I ON - -Vit e

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Pres i dent o.tld Se cretary .

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78 '

The ~o~e:nmental pl an. set fortl1.. in the prece(hng pnge s makes no. prov1 Slon for e.n Ec.i tor. ;:or t.:be present the PHOEr I ~~~ 1 ~e ~n char~e ?f~~he N a~~cnal Presi~snt wi th the Stats ~nd Class .~ ....... re~.oarles as HSSlst..ant :aus1ness Hanag;e:r s. .rust as soon as tho ~1umber o~ subscribers V'farrant.s the gre8.te!' out lay, the magazine will oo a pr1nted and bound i:.s..su.e·~- vmen that time comeiil it wi ll no doubt_be easy t? find some one who will be capable of publishing a mag~z1ne that Wlll be a credit to Alpha Si gma !1lph.a. Wh~m that · iay arr1 ves, the Sorority will lcnow v,rhe the r it wishes to continue tho PHOENIX as a private :publication, or wh~ther it desires to enter the field o~ Greek jourr;.a lism with an 'open ' magazine. There is one fra ternJ. ~Y--Kappa SJ.gr.o.e.--tha t publishes a HONTHLY 'open' magazine, but barrJ.ng one other sorority--Delta Delta Delta~· whi ch has sever al secret magazines issued frequently--there are none that publish more <?ften than once in two months . Most fraternity and s orority ~agazJ.nes appear only once in three months. The TRI/illGLE of Tri Sigma appears but twice a year . 1.11 the Greek-letter publicati ons come to the desk of your National President, but as yet she has seen none, save those that have thousands of subscribers on their lists , and so have unlimit ed funds to draw upon for beaut iful illustrations and artistic effects in printing, that she would covet for Alpha Sigma Alpha. Many of the most elaborate publications lacJc the intimate, personal touch~hat is so charact eristi c a feature of the PHOENIX. ' Now that 'tfhe n ew governmental pl an has been explained, y ou aro no doubt a ll wonaering who will b e selected to fil l the n ewly created officers and the one left vacant by the death of Elva Doyle Reed. There we re many loyal members to choos e from, and s o it has not been an a ltog ether ea sy task to make the selection . Sinc e, however , there are at pr esent SIX Chapt ers and EIGHT Council Members , it has se~~ed the part of wisdom to gi ve each Chapter representat ion . As two-- li..lpha and Alpha Alpha-..:were a lroady re presented by Hiss Bat ton, Histori an , and Mis s Duffey, Tre a sur er, and as FOUR--Alpha Bet a , Alpha Gamma, Bet a Bot a and Gamma Gamma --were unr epresented, it was to thes e FOUR that. the Sorority had to look f or Council t imber . Alpha Sigm.a Alpha may wel l congratul ate itself upon its goo d fortuno in l::)eing ab l e ·::.o secure for the i mpo rtant post of National Vice President one who has already rende red signal servi ce to the Sorority,-Miss Ida A. J ewett, in he r u ndergradUate days a member of Kappa Theta Psi, which became our Alpha Be ta Chapter, a gradu a te of the Kirksville Stat e Norma l School, a member of its faculty, and finally a g ra duat e , _with Phi Be t a Kappa honors, of the Unive rsit y of Missouri . Because of h e r long assoc i a tion with sorority ~if e, and by reason ·of her very successful r ocord cf a two years service a s Chapt er Advis e r of the ~ irlcsville Chapter; Mi ss J ewet t brings to t~e r,ouncil a weal th of ex1Jerience t hat mah:e s he r unusually fit ted to serve as De an of Chap t e r Advi s ers and Supervi sor of the Unde r gr aduat e Chapt ers . Alpha Gamma ' s repres entative on the Council is t o be Miss Eleanor Low:;.~y, who founded the Pittsburgh As s oc i ation, and who has been it s Pret;lident ever since. Mi ss Lo vn~ y l'::nows personally every menbe r h.ut one i n .:.lpha GarrLma and is s • situa t ed -·~. ~':.a t s t~ ~ can malce ~ roqu en -1.:. vl si ts to the Chap t e r 1 ~ hus be~ng . ab l e to koo~) it in cl os? v~ .th a ll NatioLal movements . M1sc Lowvy 1s to servo 1n tho cnpacJ. t j of No.. ti ono.. l Rcgi s tro..r, bu. t i...~ S hor dut i es for tho present o..r o to be J.J.ght ::;he is L'. l so to net o..s :~ss i sto.nt to tho Nn tionnl TroL'..s ur or .


79

. The No.~ional Libratian is to c ome from Beta Beta Ch._.pter . It 1s not poss1ble at this time to announce who wil l be the choice , but the cmnouncement can no doubt be made wh en the next issue of the '!liOEN~X appears . Beta Be ta has mc.ny tr. l ente d membe rs, and the - c ; u ..~ ­ ~~1 ~~11 . no greatly strengthene d by having Be t a Be ta ability to do pend on o.t all times . From Gamma. Grumm2, his como ' the Ritua.list . Miss Shockley, CI:nptor Adviser both nm-1 o.nd before the group vv-o.s o.dmi ttocl to !:~.lpho. Slgmo. Alpha, has boon shoson for tho position. Miss Shockley is o. college womo.n ~nd is deeply interested in the ethic a l si de of s or ori t.y development, so she will bring to her to.slc both trc.ining a.ncl inclination. Those appointments providG for every Chapter, bu t l eave tho office of Sucrctnry still unfillou. Inasmuch as Mrs. Reed's Cha.pte r \vas Alpha. Beta, nnd inasnuch a.s this Chupt or has on its Ini tio.ti on . Roll 159 names, na.ny times tho number to be f ound in any other .Chap tor, it has boon decided that Alpho. Beta is no rthy of double re pr e sentation on tho Council, so tho nm7 Secretary is to be chosen fr om among its alumnae . It is h oped that an anouncemnet can be made by tho time tho next PHOENIX issue is published.

THE MAIL POUCH i..mong the interesting letters that hav e come to the Central Office is one f~m Gordon Seeman Cha l mers that many of you ~ould like to s ·e e, so w-e at-e gc ing to quote sov orl po.r a.grc:..phs fr om it. " V!e have o. litt e r of six of tho cutest little pointer puppi e s that you could r.rish to see. I ho.ve named one of them "King @$1~" , anc1 the others 11 \li llic.m J enning s Bryo.n" , "Teddy Roosevelt" , 11 Carrie Nation 11 , " Nelba 11 an (~ trc u.t.uso 11 , tne l.:>.st 1:n co.use they mo..ke so much nois.e when they G .no u p. " . ing A.SA 11 is by f a r t he pret tiest, .:>.n cl as ny old mo.mmy used to say, "the u p o.n c oming est" of the lot'! . "I want to say just a. little word o.bout the ' Sunrise Club' . It seems -to mo that it woul d be a wonderful menorial to our aeo.r Mrs. Reed, b~t why n eed it bo conf ined to ei ther the little tots, or else to older women? Coul dn't it be a'Sunris e So ci ety' for the l at ter and then h a v e a Junior 1 Sunri so 1 for tho little folks? I feel sure tnat Mrs. Reed would qant the tiny tots to h ave o. share, .:>.n d I know that there a r c lots of t;orwn-ups w"ho viould be ben~:;fi ted by it . Vlhy may ·v1e not h av e both? 11 11 Ever sinc e the PHOENIX c .:>.me vri th it s news of Mrs. Re ed ' s death I have h~d a. lo t of coQfort in the thought tha.t God has g i~ru1 her r:1 ; "rree Dav i d 11 in plao.e of her "Bobfui err . Somehmv I can seem t o bear my loss better by f ee ling tha t my baby i3 in h e r care an d t hat of our Heavenly Fathe r . rr Ver a ·a~mbell, BB, has se cured ~ fine posit ion as Assistant p r~ ~cipnl in the Alcott School of ?anon C~ty , Colo . . Irene Re bb er, GG, ~a s marr~ec dUr1ng the Chr1stmas holi day s to H:r. Lli'lroy Quinlan, a l Rnyer of Lyons, Kans as. The marrio..ge vms t~l.o oul rutr-!o. t i on of a school do..ys romo..nco . Ruth ICenc.lall, Chapte r Pr osi cl.ont of GG, had a v.,r onderful op.L) J r ·i..unlJc y ·t. o :::.npp l y i n t ho 17oo cl."rmr c1, Ol: l a . Schools, s o sho h o.. s l of t ~-o'- Y C.. to ..1 p c~' £~ ri J.y, b ut '.vi Jl be buck fo r tho Suranor Te rr:1 , Hhen she :--r i..~J b fl r ru c[u.J.t oc1. Bet :1 Beta vrri tes tho..t it io to :""l l oc1go soon t wo novf g irls ,


mo . ·who chose .::.Sl1 in prefe~:·ence to t rro othe r sorori tics from u11:;_ ch they

also received bids. Ruth D?nne lly of t!1e Hi ami Chaj_~te r ho..s vfY'i tton t hat t he _irl s ho..vo ?con hc~r1nl? about onco a wook fron tho sr:1.o.. l l croup o..t ~thons , :· 1\.lj_Jhc.. Al pha has boon tho.. t 1 ~ cons1c1or1ng uffili a tion rri th :.s:.. n.uthor1z~c1 · to send a g irl ·up to Athens to lool~ tho situa tion o.v o:t:· '?'ncl to_g1ve tho group such o.ssisto.nco o..s may be noo ::~od to hulp it. 111 nalnng tho right sort of start. .. Hiss Jmvo tt ha.s found that the va.cc..- ·ions o.t Kirlcsvillo and \ i o..rron~burg nos~ fortuna.toly do not corros .lJon c1 , <..nd so she ha.s boc;:-1 n.tLhOrl;>od to Vlst tho Sto..to No rr.ml Schoo l ['.nd to see \7ha.t can be thoro o..bout o. cho..l,Jtor , Sho is c-,lroc.. c~y in touch 11i th ',-/arrons bur g ~-: o oJ.:: lo Hho vlill be of assistc..nco to her vrhon she o..rri vos . THE LIFE SUBSCRIPTION FUND . Vari?us nenbo rs of tho Sorority ho..vo exprossoc1 c.. g roc.t c~oo..l of 1ntorost 1n tho Lifo Subscri:; tion Fun cl, vrhich vrr.s ostablishoc1 o..s a rosul t of n bequest fron lirs. n e ed, anc1. ·which in consequence boars ~or n Dne. It h e.s rorw.ino ::l for Alj_Jha Cha~; ter, through its mor.1be rs 1n tho Norfolk l~ssociation to be tho first to contribute to that Fund. Milc1roc1 Moore J Mart:;ucri to Dc..vis, o..n cl Mo.rie Mo..pp c_oncievec1 the idea. of' holc.1ing a. subscri.i,Jti on ca.r c~ po..rty, tho ~;rocoo.d s to g,o to tho Func1 . Thor.o wore six tabl es , o..ccorc1ing to tho o.ccount in tho iiVirginiu Pilot: 1 , ancl i:lhero . ,-,er;w j_J riz os c.. t oc..ch to..b l o for tho hi c;host score . The Sorority colors '\~roro uso cl in tho sco r e co.rc1s o..n d in the other c.lecora. tions . The c:1.ffair, uhich '~ira.s hole.~ o. t. the home of Hilc1rec1 Moore, net toe.:. tho .:.s socio. tion ~)10, o.nc1 tho.. t s um ho. s been sent to the National Treasurer to be cr e~itod to hl~ho.. Cha~to r unt il such time o.s tho Norfolk ·l.ssocio.tion hc..s tit:lO to c1ocLlo to 1-.rh v.. t sp e ciL'..l service tho amount is to _bo devot ee~ . Tho incono is, of course, to usec1 by the PHOENIX , but there arc various uses to nhich it mi s ht be

. ~JUt .

A GUATID PIN

Sone t-vwnty-five years ago it v:as a re s ular thins fo r fraternity and sorority mcr:1bo ro to have [;u a r d 1"-:ins attached to the ba~s e. Tho custor.1 arose, be c ause tho safety catch ha d not yet been invent~cl an~:. because the baclc cs vvc re a l nost t rvico the si ze of tho se novr in use and nuch no re heavi ly j ermlle cl.. ·:,nen tho safEPJ ca t ch v1as i:pvente c1, the e;uar cl ~; in rra s se l c1on used, but ni thin the l ast t wo years th~ i dea h as been t al>::on u p ag2..in , lis sorori t ies have c r oym in siz0, the 1:1G!"1bers have thought it a e;o od i dea to carry th e Cha:;te r Lette r , jenellec1 or unjev.rell e(1) as a · guard, a n d v.ri thin the ~> re s ent School ye ar the r e have b~en a number of que ri es as t o nhe t her nembe rs of ;,s;, nould be ~J ern l tte c1 to we0.r something s i n ilar , Th ~; Oonncil has had the rJa ~ter u~do r co1!S l ~e r at j o n and has fina lly t aken a vote on the quost1on . • ,s t he 1 ~ea n<'l.y be t.ut a ~;ass.Ln_g f o..d, -a s the co st of such a gua~ c.1 o.nc1 chain Day c os t any1h o~e fr 0m three to five doll o..rs, the_O?uncl~ has ~ee m e d it b!~ st ·co v o t. o tho.;-, Chaptz r s may us0 the recosn1 t1o1-: ~11- n as a r;u arct, TLis '.T;. ~ ::._ rw.k o t~1e o. tt c. ch~-:Jcmt di ffe r en t from th a t ,-,. orn by a 1.y o~he r nr)ror~ L:{ -- a ll c .::tn have Gr eel'.: l etters at tac .G el t o the ir r:: i ns I bu·t only


01. Alpha S:i.gma Alpha of' tne pedarogic£-.1 sorori t1es can sport a mescot-~:t;d th?n in a moment the guard can be ddtioijhc1 ancl rmrn as a recogniL.J.On p~n • ;,. detached Gree:( l .et tor can never have any beauty in itself1 and therefofo no usefulness, tut the little phoenix badge is always exquisite and re['.dy for use in c. V8.riety of ways,

THE EXAMINATIONS ~ _ ~~iso_Jewett, wno a s National Vice ~resident is the Supervisor o~ Cha.i.)ter L1fe anc1 tlv~refore has charge of the Sorority examj_nations , h a P sent worr1 to the Central Office that the Examinations will be he~- ~1 on Saturday, March 2~th. There will be, as heretofore, exai:ruil-

natJ.ons f .?r those ini tia.ted this school year and also for those nho are spendJ.ng the second year in the Chapter , If by chance there should be any who have been acl..mi ttec.1 this year, tho r.1or.1bors of tho socon:1 yoar class, it is cxpoctec1 that they vrill ta;ke the' second' year exnnina tion. . . . Sonetime before her death~ Mrs. neec1 sent out ·suggestions fo: stuuy, and as the examinations are postponed beyond the time at v:rh~ch 1111"8. need had plannec1 as the elate 1 it shoul(l naturally follov; that Chal') ters l-r.ill m2.lt:e unusually high records this year , ..·~ a :the Chapter Vice ?residents ha.ve been in chnrge of this phase of sorority development, the p ercents obtained by their respective Chapte rs will be a record of' their inc1i vi :J.ual efficiency. . lis in prev-ious years, the Central Office will du r; licatc the examination questions, so that. there no.y be one copy for each member. In order that thero may b e no y;aste(.: tine, effort or ~nt~) er, Chapter Vice ~residents arc hereby notified that the!~ are to mail at once to the Central Office the numbe r of lia p ors requirecl for both the 'first' and the rseconJ' year tests. If for any imp""rative reason, such as a college vacation, or college exa:"!lina tions, the 2~th should prove an Lnpossible date, Vice ~:- rcsiclonts Hust notify both the Central Office anc1 Miss Jewett of t he the fact at once, and !:lUst select some othe r date before March 31st , when the Chapter nill be ready to talc e the examinations. The address of the . National Vice ~ r es ident is Miss Ida A. Jewett, 202 Mci'hersOl:l St. , Ki3dcsvi·lle, Mo.

SCHOLAF\SHIP COUNTS A prominem.t Harv8.r ci. gracluate

ho.s been mal{ing a careful stu·,'/ho in JJ.me:dca" , a nc1 he has found thnt rank in scho l <i.rshi p has o. rel2.tion to success in later . life, the percenta; e being ib. c'..ir Gct real tion to such ranlc. The last issue of the "I{:ey;' of the hoaorary society, ?hi Beta Kappa, also calls attention to the p rominence attaine d by .those · elected t .o mer.1bership . :. study of <:.he recent lJresic1cnti a l contest. s hovre cl that. ? resident ~ilson and Vicc ~ r eslden t Marshall, as n ell as the ir po liti cal opponents , Hughes and Fairban~::s 1 a re me::nbcrs of Phi Be ta Kappa. The ·d!;ty is coming ·:rhcn the r e rfill be for Norm<J.l Schoo ls and ';];eachers Coll eges, no doubt, an orga.nizat ion very s i mil a r to Phi Be ta Kappa in it s 3Cope. r.' hen that. t i me c o:mos, he ro's lt.opin[.; that ~\lpila S~gr:J.a Alphc:. v<L Ll be Hell repre s ented th e ~:·ein. Tho FTeaent day Chapter is the E!o tn er of tomo rrow 1 s Chapte r . Se e that fine founda tions are dy of the pub lica t:ion lcnovrn ~ as

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_!::m·lo' s


02 .

Complexion come s f rom within the boc'l.y. Every one ni th a go od complexion ha s a good rmrlcing · body . ~ veryone r.rho has r rema. turely lo~t the bl oom of comp lexi on suffers fl.efe ct in body func t~on · A good comp l exion means a. }:"wa.l thy skin, a.nc1 i s not c onf i ned to the_._f~ce 2.lone ~ b~t. applie s t o the who l e cO'V oring. of the boc y. It mean~ t..hat th~ sJ.nn _ls norrno.l. I t is not onl y attract ive nnc1 clean ~ook1ng, but 1t ~n d1cat es thBt the ti s s ues a nd the cavities of the oo d:( a::e clean throur;hout its ent iret y . I t i s not conf ined to youth . as l t lS fre quently found in those <lC 1..Vanc ec1 in years . ·:;e2.1 th rives no c u aro.ntee of a. e;oCl.d complexion, and pove rty doe s :not bar it . Hen should have s oo d com~') l ox ions, but every rmuan noec.s a. r·ood comJ.) l eYion and every rroman nants one. There c a.n be no real bon.uty n i thout it. To maintain a cood complexion through life, or to regain a lost comp lexion , it is n e c essary to ol i mi nate · a ll rra.st es of the body p rom~:::t ly. If daily eliminat ion of waste is equal to production of waste in the body, a good comp exion ITill be the rule and a bad com?lexion the exce pt ion. Tho reason why al l wastes are not promptly eliminated is because the right f ood is not eaten . Elimination can cannot go on thoroughly, unl es s the i n test i nes are kept in , fille c1up conditi on by eating food that leaves res i due i n the int est ina l tabe after digestio~ h a s done its part. Concentrated food li ttle or no residue. Every farme r l>;: nows that his livestock, in winter, needs to be fed wha t he calls roughage , that is, stravr. It fil ls up the stomach and the int e stinal t u b e. The filling ·u p i s necessary for stock ; it is equally nece ssary for human beings. The reason f or sluge ish elimnation is the eating of food that is too highly conc entrate d· an d l eaves li tt le or no re si due in in the int estinal tub e. The conc entrat ed foonls in which foods are now produced a re large ly to b l ame. ~7e sp,ould ge t ta ck to natural foods, if we are to gain mo re h ealth ar.d goo d comp l exion . Such concentrat ed foo ds a s s ugars , starches, fats, fruit jui c es, and al l fluid foods, le av e littl e or no· residue. They are a l mos t Hholly absorbed fro m the . i ntestinal tube, anc1 sen t to the tissues <:m d vari- . ous organs of the bo dy. Othe foods with a cont ent, such as skins of fruits, the outer covering of gr a ins, the stringy port ions of vegetables, the fiber of meat, al l leave a resi cl.ue, be c ause they a r e not soluble or digesti b l e, and consequently arc not abso r bed. The r e is another reason for · ·atin£; the- 1.rho l o grain of al l cereal s . The bran cont a ins a princi fJl e called vi tarJi n tha t is E.ssent i&i.h. to hutrition . Any s oli d matte r that has c ome from the stomach remaiBB ~n the intestinal tube to fo r m the f ill er or r oughage, as straw provldes it for cattle . It malces bulk and stimulates the contract ions of th e circular muscul ar fi be rs of the intestine that push the contents in their onward course. It a lso holds moisture and prevents clo gging. unless it is present i n suffici ent quant i ty, v1aste s fr om t he body tissues that hav e been proj e c ted into the intestinal tube may r e main so long as to be r eabs m.'bed, thus t.hrm:ring an ext:o. b~r c1.~n on k i c1neys, lung s and the sldn. Impor tant as r ough ?-ge 1s, 1t l S not advi sable to eat . i t a ll a t once, as somo clo by talang bran 2. t brealc fast. rt may stay in one bunch Rnd ca~~e troubl e. ~oug~~~c shoul d fo r m a p 2.rt of every meCJ. l , and the quanc,~ t ytshoulU. be suff 1c~ cnt to accomplish it s pmrpose. L.rt.hur n. Ii.eynol cts, }i . D. in" ii.Illeric cm Eo.g.:'..zineu

Asa phoenix vol 3 no 19 20 feb 1917  
Asa phoenix vol 3 no 19 20 feb 1917  
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