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JANU A RY, 1929


Published in November, January, March, May and July of each year at No. 30 North Ninth Street, Richmond, Indiana, by the Nicholson Printing Company, for the Alpha Sigma Alpha Sorority having headquarter s at 56 Meredith Circle, Milton. Mass. Business correspondence may be addressed to either office, but matter for publication and correspondence concerning the same should be addressed to Gertrude D. Halbritter, Editor, 56 Meredith Circle, Milton. Mass. 路 Entered as second-class matter September 4, 1923, at the post office at Richmond , Ind ., under the Act of March 3, 1879.

Subscript ion price one dollar per y ear.

NATIONAL COUNCIL President-Mrs. Wm. Holmes Martin, A and AA, 5 Cobden St., Boston, 19, Mass. 路 Vice-President-Miss Minnie M. Shockley, rr, 709 College Ave.~ Alva, Oklahoma. Graduate S~cretary-Miss Katherine B. Nevius, HH, 315 North 8th St., Neodesha, Kansas. Treasurer-Miss Grace G. Fultz, ~~. 253 Superior St., Rossford, Ohio. ChaplainRegistrar-Mrs. Fred M. Sharp, ZZ, 1405 Hardy St., Independence, Mo. U ndergraduate Secretary-Miss Leona 路wilcox, I I , 1916 44th St., Des Moines, Iowa. Editor-Miss Gertrude D. Halbritter, 庐庐, 56 Meredith Circle. Milton, Mass. BOARD OF ADVISERS Alpha Alpha-Miss Amy M. Oxford, Ohio.




Alpha Beta-Miss Ethel Hook, 202 Conner Apts., Kirksville, Mo. Alpha Gamma-Miss Ethel A. Belden, State Teachers College, Indiana, Pa. Beta Beta-Mrs. Lester Opp, 717 17th St., Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gamma-Miss lVIinn ie M. Shockley, 709 College Ave., Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-:Mrs. Howard L. Goodwin, Box 215, Athens, Ohio . Epsilon Epsilon-Miss Edna McCullough, 1017 Rural St., Emporia, Kansas. Zeta Zeta-Mrs. Orlo R. burg, Mo.

attinger, 108 South St., Warrens-

Eta Eta-Miss Jane M. Carroll, 706 South Broadway, Pittsburg. Kansas. Theta Theta-M rs. Vv'm. Holmes Martin, 5 Cobden St., Boston, 19, Mass . Iota Iota-Mrs. W . F. Barr, 2842 Rutland Ave., Des Moines, Iowa. Kappa Kappa- Mrs. Sherman H. Doyle, 1804 N. Park Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. Lambda Lambda-Miss Edith M. Sniffen, 262 19th Ave., Columbus, Ohio. Mu Mu-Miss Estelle Bauch, 408 Emmet St., Ypsilanti, Mich. Nu Nu-Miss Mildred Burdett, Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. Xi Xi-Mrs. Martin E. Jarvis, 1328 N. Brand St., Glendale, Calif. Omicron Omicron-Miss Ada Hyatt, 325 E. Main St., Kent, Ohio. Pi Pi-Miss Elizabeth B. Small, 18 Ashland Ave., Buffalo, N.Y. Rho Rho-Miss Doris L. Feeley, 2547 Third Ave., Huntington, vVest Virginia. Sigma Sigma- Miss Lucy E. Spicer, Western State College, Gunnison, Colo. Tau Tau-Miss E lizabeth ]. Agnew, State Teachers College, Hays, Kansas. Upsilon Upsilon-Mrs. E. Basil Hawes, 475 W. Broadway, Granville, Ohio. Phi Phi-Miss Gladys L. Criswell, 122 2nd and Dunn Sts ., Maryville, Mo. Chi Chi-Miss Mary C. Turner, 2126 N. Meridian St., Indianapolis, Ind.

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS Finance-Miss Helen L. Bennett, 362 Chapin St., Toledo, Ohio. Service-Miss Evelyn G. Bell, 8 E. Depew St., Buffalo, N.Y. Membership-Mrs . Edgar M. Neptune, 86 \iVestbourne Terrace, Cambridge, Mass. Program-Miss Nelle L. Gabrielson, 1530 Twenty-eighth St., Des Moines, Iowa. Activities-Miss Ina M. Bain, 28 Flynt St., Atlantic, Mass.

ROLL OF COLLEGE CHAPTERS Alpha Alpha-Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. Alpha Beta-State Teachers College, Kirksville, Mo. Alpha Gamma-State Teachers College, Indiana, Pa. Beta Beta-State Teachers College, Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gamma-State Teachers College, Alva, Okla. Delta Delta.:..._Ohio University, Athens, Ohio. Epsilon Epsilon-State Teachers College, Emporia, Kansas. Zeta Zeta-State Teachers College, Warrensburg, Mo. Eta Eta-State Teachers College, Pittsburg, Kansas. Theta Theta-Boston University, Boston, Mass. Iota Iota-Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa. Kappa Kappa-Temple University, Philadelphia, Pa. Lambda Lambda-Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Mu Mu-State Normal College, Ypsilanti, Mich. Nu Nu-Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. Xi Xi-University of California, Los Angeles, Calif. Omicron Omicron-State Teachers College, Kent, Ohio. Pi Pi-State Teachers College, Buffalo, N. Y. Rho Rho-Marshall College, Huntington, W. Va. Sigma Sigma--Western State College, Gunnison, Colo. Tau Tau-State Teachers College, Hays, Kansas. Upsilon Upsilon-Denison University, Granville, Ohio. Phi Phi-State Teachers College, Maryville, Mo. Chi Chi-Indianapolis Teachers College, Indianapolis, Ind. CHAPTER HOUSES Alpha Beta-501 N. Elson Street, Kirksville, Mo. Beta Beta-1732 Eleventh Ave., Greeley, Colo. Delta Delta-127 E. State Street, Athens, Ohio. Epsilon Epsilon-924 Market Street, Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta-304 E . Culton Street, Warrensburg, Mo. Eta Eta-1206 S. Broadway, Pittsburg, Kans. Iota Iota-2901 Rutland Ave., Des Moines, iowa. Kappa Kappa-1826 N . Park Ave. , Philadelphia, Pa.

Lambda Lambda-38 Seventeenth Ave., Columbus, Ohio. Mu lVIu-507 Congress Street, Ypsilanti, Mich. Xi Xi-4453 Lockwood, Los Angeles, Calif. Rho Rho-1726 Fifth Ave., Huntington, W. Va. Sigma Sigma-121 N. Colorado St., Gunnison, Colo. Tau Tau-425 W. Juanita St., Hays, Kans . Phi Phi-522 l\. Market St., Maryville, Mo. Chi Chi-1912 N. Alabama St., Indianapolis, Incl. EX-COLLEGIO SECRETARIES

Alpha AlphaAlpha Beta- Mrs. Kennerly Woody, 3889 Meramec St., St. Louis, Mo. Alpha Gamma- Mrs. Glenn H. Ferguson, 7511 Hutchinson Ave., Swissvale, Pa., Nell H . Russell, 940 Water St., Indiana, Pa. Beta BetaGamma Gamma- Lduella Harzman, 917 Flynn Ave., Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-Lauretta Suntheimer, 130 Thorne Ave., Massillon, Ohio. Epsilon Epsilon-Mrs. Everette R. Barr, 818 Market St., Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta- ifrs . Leslie A. McMeekin, 201 W . North St., Warrensburg, Mo. Eta Eta-Mrs. Wm. Clyde Bryant, 224 N. Eighteenth St., Kansas City, Kans. Theta Theta-Miss Edith M. Berntson, 15 Linnean St., Cambridge, Mass. Iota Iota-Edith T. Burr, 1014 26th St., Des Moines, Iowa. Kappa Kappa-Mrs. Nevins W. Todd, 112 William St., Salisbury, Md. Lambda Lambda-Gwendolyn Singleton, 2662 Glenmawr Ave., Columbus, Ohio. Mu Mu-Mrs. Otto E. Nickel, 55 S. Wilson Blvd., Mount Clemens, Mich. N u N u-M. Elizabeth Darlington, Merchantsville, N. J. Omicron Omicron-Ethel McMaster, Youngstown, Ohio. Pi Pi-Miss Mary S. Lennie, 52 Bremen St., Buffalo, N. Y.

Rho Rho-Wi lsie L. Malone, Box 241, Holli day's Cove, \ 71/. Va. Tau Tau-Geraldine Reinecke, 2812 16th St., Great Bend, Kans. U psilon Upsilon-M . Louise Ralston, 1728 \71/. Main St., ~ewark , Ohi o. Phi Phi-Mrs. Robert Mountj oy, 222 vV. Coope r St., Maryville, Mo. Chi Chi-Mrs. 0. K. Gaskin s, 3356 Broadway, Indianapolis, Ind.

EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief Gertrude D. Halbri tter, 56 Me redith Circle, 1\IIilton, Mass. Chapter Editors Alpha Alpha-Wilma F istner, 23 Hepburn Hall, Oxford, Ohio. A lpha Beta-Mil dred Carpenter , 207 E. ormal St., Kirksville, Mo. Alpha Gamma-Josephine Buchanan, Eox cOS, Indiana, Pa. Beta Beta-Mrs. Boyce Newell, 1016 15th St., Greeley, Colo. Gamma Gamma-Margaret 'vVallace, 727 Coll ege Ave., Alva, Okla. Delta Delta-Ruth Zimmerman, 127 E. State St., Athens, Ohio. Epsilon Epislon-Ruth Nation, 805 Un ion St., Emporia, Kans. Zeta Zeta-Ernest ine T homson, 304 E. Culton St., 'vVarremburg, .\1o.


Eta Eta-Ruth E. Sh ri ver, 220 Jefferson S t., Pittsburg, Ka:1s. Theta Theta-Dorothy Bixby, 82 E lgin St., Newton Center, 1\Iass. Iota Io~a-Aiice Eck, 720 E. 6th St., Des Mo ines, Iowa. Kappa Kappa-An ne Willauer, 1808 N. Park Ave., Philacle~p h ia. Pa. Lambda Lambda-Bes?ie Cade . I-hmden, O hi o. l\fu :.'lht- Jun e Schwalm ..:09 Cong:路ess St., Yps il anti ,:\Iich.

::\u Nu-Dorothy Williamson, 17 Woodbine Ave., Narberth, Pa. Omicron Omicron-Jean Gorha1~1, 162 E. Main St., Kent, Ohio. Xi Xi-Elizabeth Fellows, 2100 Victoria Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. Pi Pi-Dorothy Marley, Attica, K . Y. Rho Rho-Alice Krug, 1726 Fifth Ave., Huntington, W. Va. Sigma Sigma-Elizabeth Johnston, Gunnison, Colo. Tau Tau-Dorothy Morrison, 332 vV. J uanita, Hays, Kans. Upsi lon Upsilon-Janet Falstreau, Sawyer Hall, Granville, Ohio. Phi Phi-Hildred F itz, 209 S. Market St., Maryville, Mo. Chi Chi-Harriet Pollock, 2062 N. New Jersey St., Indianapolis, Ind. ASSOCIATION OF EDUCATIONAL SORORITIES Chairman-Miss Minnie M. Shockley, A~A, 709 College Ave., Alva, Okla. Secretary-Mrs. C. P. Neidig, IlK~, 23 Lockwood Court Apt., Cincinnati, Ohio. ' Treasurer-Mrs. Orley See, ~~E, 448 Wildwood Ave., Pi('Jmont, Calif. Director of Local Panhellenics-Miss F lorence Eckert, 速~Y, 413 Ballard St., Ypsilanti, Mich. Director of City Panhellenics-Miss Ada Norton, A~T, 510 Pearl St., Ypsilanti, Mich . Representative of l~:S-Miss Mabel L. Walton, Woodstock, Va.



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To many young girls one of the great perplexities of life is the selecting of a suitable vocation. Our sorority presumably is composed of girls who have trained for some phase of the teaching profession, but a glance at a list of alumme occupations will show a great diversity of vocations. Many girls discovered after entering the teaching profession that they would be better suited to some other line of work and have taken up that line. Perhaps several in college today have found that they too are not suited to a teaching career either because of lack of fitness or liking for the work. Thus they ,a re in doubt just what else there is left for them to do. Still others who are keeping faithfully to the idea that they are going to be teachers have a hazy notion concerning the many angles of the teaching profession. It is the purpose of this PHOENix, not to present a list of occupation s open to college graduates, but to point out to our college girls what our alumn;;e have accomplished in the lines of work they have chosen. The articles included in this issue cover only a very small group of our alumme, but are broad enough in cope to show the variations of several occupations and to emphasize their requirements. L et us r emember the special significance of the word vocation. A vocation is a "calling,"-pleasant work; as we remember form erly men were "called to" the ministry. An occupation may be any kind of work which keeps one busy whether one likes the work or not. A vocation has our whole interest, while an occupation is merely endured for sak e of the money it may bring. A vocation is our life work; an occupation may be only temporary. Vocational guidance is still a relatively new idea, and many colleges have not yet established any system for aiding students in choosing the right vocation. Far too many students still leave college with an indifferent attitude toward the occupation for which they have been trained. They drift into teaching, but finding the work a bore, they drift into other occupations, often wast-



ing many valuable years experimenting, when a little wise information and counsel during college days might have resulted in a far happier and contented life for the individual gi rl. Wh ile reading over these many interesting vocational experiences of our alumnre, one cannot but wonder at the amazing number of vocations open to the college girl. T he great problem to solve is : 'vVhich one am I most interested in ? Fo r which one am I best fitted physically, socially, and mentally ?

SUPERVISION OF INSTRUCTION vVhat is supervision? If that question were asked of six school superintendents one would probably receive six different answers. The numerous different definiti ons are due in part to the fact that supervi sion is evolving, and also to the fact that its importance has been recognized only rather recently. vVilliam H. Burton in his book, "S upervi sion and the Improvement of Teaching", offers the following tentative statement rega rding the nature of supervision . He says, ''Super vision has to do with: The improvement of the teaching act; the selection and organization of s ubj ect-~atter ; testing and measuring; the improvement of teachers in service; the rating of teachers." The grow ing importance of supervi sion as a vocation is ev idenced by the number of 路 courses in t eachers' co lleges and universities for training teachers in the t echnique and science of supervision; by the number of excellent books written on this undeve loped phase of school work; by the large membership of "The National Conf erence of Supervisors and Directors of Instructi on" which presented its first yearbook last spring and which sponsors the publication of "The Journal of E ducational Method"; by the large enrollment of superviso rs in the Department of Superintendence of the National Education Association ; by the organization of the departments of supervision within the state teachers' associations; by the number o f new positions created f or supervision each year. Supervi sion as a school activity is in full sw ing in practically all of the large r cities and is spreading to small er school systems. When I accepted my present pos ition five yea rs ago, there were only eight grade supervisors in Kansas. Last spring the total number in Kansas was fourteen. ::\Iost superv isors, or assista nt superintende nts as they are



called in many cities, are required to have a degree. In Kansas a few of the supervisors have no degree, but they are working toward degrees. These supervisors have been promoted to their present positions in their respective school systems because of special training and demonstrated ability to do the work. Two large school systems in Kansas require their supervisors to have a master's degree. The Atchison Public Schools have employed a supervisor for eleven years. I am the third individual to hold that position here. l\Jy predecessors served three years each. The kindergarten and first six grades come under my sup erVISIOn. This group of elementary school teachers is composed of five kindergarten teachers, forty-one grade teachers, and four special teachers . I have no set schedule to follow for visitations. I try to go where I am most needed, since the principal objective of supervision is the improvement of teaching. Sometimes I visit for two or three consecutive days in one building according to my purposes . After -a long visit in a room where a problem is being studied, a conference with the teacher follows, usually on the day of the visitation . Besides visitation and conference, the activities of the grade superv isor in Atchison include a testing program three times a year, group conferences for each grade once every six weeks, direction of continuous revision of the Course of Study, arrangement for observation lessons, rotation of supplementary readers and other materials, the reading of lesson plans, recommending the purchase of supplies and equipment; rating teachers; interviewing the recomm ending teachers to fill vacancies; studying failure reports and recommending diagnostic and remedial meas ures; and many, many other duties which arise from day to day. I can recommend supervision of instruction as a vocation to any teacher who is not afraid of hard work, who will serve others freely and willingly, who welcomes hard problems as opportunities for g rowth. Some of the rewards for the hard work and responsibility are more salary than the average class-room teacher receives, satisfaction in seeing grow th and favorable results in instruction, satisfaction in seeing instructional materials and equipment increased from year to year, and unlimited opportunities for the individual supervisor路s g rowth. Adda Ande1'son, EE . Supervisor of E lementary Education, Atchison, Kansas.



\ iVe a re now living in the g reat age of specializat ion, so naturally the American youth must decide what particular fi eld he is inte rested in and then determine to fo llow his decision by fitting himself for the chosen vocation. The field of music is a most enticing and interesting one for those indivi duals who enjoy the self -expression of beautiful and high ideals through the use of harmoni c forms. It has many advantages also, since one can speciali ze en tirely, not only on the subj ect as a whole, but on certain phases which mi ght appeal strongly to the individual. T he phase of music in which we of the educational world are probably most interested is that of the supervision of mu sic io the public schools. However, there a re many schools and colleges that offe r music positions for those especially interested in instrumental and vocal music, as well as those interested in orchestra and band wm:k. This freedom of choice in the fieid of music makes the subj ect worth considering from several points of view. Aga in there is an excellent opportunity for the music speciali st at thi s time, for the entire country has fully awakened to the fact that music is just as essential and necessary in the development of our youth as a re the proverbial subj ects of reading, writing and arithmetic. A ll city schools now offer a very thorough course in mu sic, and the rural schools are enj oying a part of the same privilege un de r the capable instructions of the county supervisor. Since mu sic has become so importa nt and essential a factor in our present clay schools the requirements for teaching the subject have advanced within the last few years. A supervisor or teacher of music must now complete a fo ur-year college course lead ing to a B.S. degree with a maj or in music or a B .M. degree. Those who specialize in instrumental or vocal music must meet the same req uirements. Since my graduation f rom college I have been both a city and county supervi sor of music. l\1y work f or the past two years in the city of Rossford has been most interesting. Rossford is a manuf acturing center and a suburb of Toledo. Here I meet with the real A merican youth as well as the youth of foreign nationality. My actual teaching consists of ] unior High Choruses, Seni or High M ixed Chorus, Girls' ' Glee Club. Boys' Glee Club,




O rchestra and Music Appreciation. My grade work is supervision, but occasionally I teach the little folks just for the thrill and inspi rati on they always give me. Music is one of the g reatest " levelers " that society has. It is recognized as a servant and a master. It tells th e story of Jove and hate. It brings joy and happiness to all. It also comf orts the so rrowing and rescues the soul from the depths. It serves all a nd speaks through nature to those who heed its call. In fact , music is an instrument of God. Those who are privileged to teach music should possess a strong individuality as well as a pleasing personality. The teacher of mu sic must have superior qualities, for he has to win hi s way by creating a r eal love for th e beautiful and artistic side of everyday existence. If an individual has these essential qualities plus a knowledge of the technique of music then he may consider th e field of music as his very own. To me the subject of music as a vocation suggests great possibilities in the way of service. I chose it above all others offered because of my g reat desire for g rowth and development through a daily contact with the most inspirational and beautiful part of li fe. -:\Iy love and enjoyment of music influenced me greatly in my decision to make the subj ect my th eme for a life of service. Grace G. Fult.c:, ll!l.

THE DEAN OF WOMEN You have asked me to write something concerning the work of the Dean of \1\fomen. The profess ion is so new and o unstandard ized that it is a bit ha rd to say very much about it as a profession. It has its advantages and some disadvantages. However, I shall write of its advantag-es. I regard the office as one of the most rewarding and one of the most important of the admini strative side of the school or college faculty. The province and duties of the office differ with the school served. It is an administrative one concerned in a vital way with the education of women; as a personnel bureau the office carries with it the need to understand young people and an appreciation of their strength and weakness. If one choses any phase of teaching for the remuneration it wi ll give, that one is doomed to be disappointed. The monetary



reward can never equal the satisfaction that comes from the knowledge that some one has been made able to meet the world and come off victor because of the help given by an understanding dean. The salary of deans of women is about the same as other administrative offices of equal rank. There are some very necessary qualifications for a good dean of girls and women. Among them are : An understanding of the curriculum and its specific requirements; should know the aims and equipment of the various departments; should be interested in and have a respect for the ideals and objectives of the institution served; shou ld acquaint herself with the current edpcational questions and trend; should keep before the students that academic work is the reason for their presence on the campus and must have their first allegiance. She is not simply the social clean. She is to make more effective the teaching of other members of the school staff. L ife may be measured in terms of satisfaction to oneself and one's group. The profession of Dean of Women can bring th is satisfaction. As the fu llest life means self-expression, this is only satisfying when it means integration within yourself and of the group and with life everywhere. There is an urgent demand fo r those who can really guide . There is a craving for sympathetic and intell igent understanding; a crying need for the genuine sincerity and human touch of interested personalities who have a thorough knowledge of the stations along the way and the price one pays to reach each one. It is a God-given task-prepare for it . Minnie !VI. Shockley, rr, D ean of Women, Northwestern Teachers' College, Alva, Oklahoma.

REMINISCENCE OF TEACHING IN .A KENTUCKY MOUNTAIN SCHOOL My lonely trip southward was in progress. My last glance from the Pullman window on that Tuesday evening had revealed noth ing but the flat portion of northern Virginia just south of \Vashington, D. C. \Vhen I awoke at the first light of dawn, a brief, almost terrorizing sensation of isolation came upon me when I realized 路 an abrupt change in the landscape. It seemed, for a moment, as if a black wall, hundreds of feet high, were



closing in upon us, and it was only after I had raised the curtain and drawn nearer to the window that I could see, much to my relief, God's glorious sky above. We were passing through the mountains of \!Vest Virginia, and I was gaining my first notion oi the kind of country in \ovhich I expected to make my home for the next seven months. It was the first of November, so the woods looked especially bare. As we passed thi路ough the valley I was attracted by dim lights coming from rude cabins built here and there along the steep mountain slopes. I began to marvel at the crudeness of these homes, at the wildness of the country surrounding them, and at the great distance between neighbors. It seemed almost incredible that man, a social and intellectual being, could be happy living under such conditions. Gradually my mind was made to turn from the depressing sense of isolation, and from that time on my observations and thoughts were governed by an ever-growing interest in and sympathy for these humble mountain folk. It was about noon, of the next day when the train pulled into Lackey, a dingy little coal mining town in Kentucky, and the end of the railroad line. It was here that I came into first direct contact with the mountain folk, and I soon discovered that not only their homes, but also their speech, manners, and dress were distinctly unlike our own. For example, I saw barefooted women smoking corncob pipes, cattle and hogs walking around in the road and in front yards, and heard no end of "hain't", "hit", and other unfamiliar expressions in the conversation. I had been told that the remaining sixteen miles of my journey to Hindman would be over real mountain roads in the "mailhack", a covered wagon drawn by mules and closely resembling the old prairie wagon. I had anticipated this experience with excitement, and I certainly was not disappointed. The trip takes from six to eight hours, according to the condition of the roads. A thick, slippery mud, and innumerable rocks offer resistance to greater speed. The road leads now up a steep mountain side and dan gerously near a ledge, now clown again into the valley, and now loses itself in the creek bed . Often the driver, by choice, travels for miles through the rocky bed of the stream . In case of heavy rainfall the creek rises to such a height as to forbid fording, and thus all transpo rtation is often temporarily checked. I had been told that I was very fortunate in arriving at a time when the roads were in especially good condition, though I fear



I questioned that statement until time and expe ri ence proved its truth. At any rate, I arrived safely at the Hindman Settlement School after the most "back-breaking' ', yet most novel ride I had ever taken. I was greeted in such a cordial manner by both teachers and pupils that after the first few minutes had elapsed, I no longer felt that I vvas apart from my friends, but that I was in the midst of a great many. The next day I was introduced to my seventh grade class, a mixture of twenty-five boys and girls ranging from the ages of eleven to twenty-three, and I entered upon the duties of the most interesting work I have ever clone. This settlement school , which is maintained for the most part by private subscription, employes as teachers, college graduates from all parts of the United States . It furnishes board and room. and in man y cases, clothing, for over one hundred boys and girls, and affords these, as well as the children in the immediate neighborhood, splendid guidance from the primer class through the high school. Many of the most promising students are sent away to college. The blessings bestowed by a school of this type are most evident, especially when one considers that the ordinary public schools in thi s district are rude one-room buildings, open less than six months a year, with 路 miles of sometimes impassible roads between them, often with teachers who have themselves had only the opportunity of passing through the eight grades of just such a school. The Hindman Settlement School was established about twentyfive years ago by a group of New England women who wished to devote themselves to the worthwhile task of spreading light into this almost unbelievably "clark" section of our own country. At first their only shelter was tents. Through the co-operative work of the mountaineers, and financial backing from various parts of the U nited States, they have been able to build, make additions, and rebuild until at present it has several fairly well equipped buildings beautifully situated around a little campus. They are raising money just now for the purpose of building a much needed high school. From the first the school has proven to be the community center. Its workers keep in close touch with the home, and thus have been able to greatly improve sanitary, moral, and other living conditions. 路



The mountain inhabitants are of almost pure Anglo-Saxon blood, and are exceedingly proud of their ancestry. They are descendants of the early Virginia and Carolina settlers whose pioneer spirit led them through many dangers into this mountainous region. There they have remained, knowing little or nothing of the growing civilization around them, contented, but poor and making little progress, zealous in the preservation of the old English character and customs they had brought with them. One may hear them today using words and expressions that we associate with Shakespeare, or hear sung verse after verse of the ballads made famous by old English minstrels; one may still witness the celebration of Christmas eleven days after our holiday, because of the reluctance to entire submission to a change in the calendar that took effect centuries ago. The effect of the belief of superiority of men over women it still cruelly evident in their daily life. The settlement school workers introduced to the people in its district their first trimmed Christmas tree. Even plate glass "路indows were first beheld when they were brought in for the settlement school building, and are still considered a forbidden luxury in many country homes. One who is interested in the life of these peope, or in the history of the Settlement School will find Lucy Furman's book most entertammg. M iss Furman was for years "House-Mother" for the boys in the school. Probably some of you are already acquainted with her works, which include "Mothering on Perilous", "Quare \iVomen", "The CJla~s Window", and "The Lonesome Road". The children who live at the settlement work industriously and willingly for their board and . room. They get up at five o'clock in the morning, and their many duties give them little leisure time. The girls do careful cleaning in all the buildings, wash the clothes and dishes, iron, and wait on table. T he boys take care of the grounds, run the small power plant, carry water and fuel, tend the furnaces , milk the cows, and perform other farm duties. The children whose families are too poor to furnish them with proper clothing are supplied by the school workers through the kindness of people and societies all over our country, who send usuable clothing or money for this worthy cause. Many pledge one hundred and fifty dollars a year to pay the expense of the schooling of one particular child. At Christmas time the workers



depend upon the boxes of toys, books, and clothing received from benevolent persons, and they certainly do succeed in making this holiday a happy one for the children of the school and outlying districts . Visiting the homes is one of the most interesting features of the settlement work. Hospitality is one of the outstanding virtues of the mountain people. Proudly, and without apology, they offer the best that they have in their humble homes. They never fai l to sincerely plead with even the afternoon caller to stay for the night, even though there is probably only one bedroom to accommodate large family and guest. If the visitor has walked some distance they never forget to ask him to be refreshed with water, which is served in the family clipper. A teacher is never allowed to leave without taking some gift, perhaps an egg or a vegetable. Unfortunately, my interesting work was cut short when I contracted typhoid fever after having taught only one month in the Settlement School, and I was keenly disappointed when the physician ordered my return home as soon as I was able. Family disapproval made it impossible for me to go back to the settlement school this year, but I still feel that my heart is in that type of work, and I sincerely wish that other Alpha Sigma Alpha girls might find happiness in it. Ina Ba路in, 庐0.

PERSONNEL WORK If you like people anclunclerstancl them; if you can sympathize with the one who is clown and out and yet not let his trouble get you down; if you can cheer and encourage and help the discouraged, and can inspire the successful on to greater achievements; if there is a thrill for you in being in the thick of things and you like the air of business in your lungs; if you can see the work of your firm as a whole and know the requirements of each worker for its efficient carrying out; if your pulses quicken and a glow of contentment comes over you with the knowledge that you have helped another person to a happier attitude toward h is 路work and toward life-then there is a place for you in the field of personnel work. The work of the personnel department is the outgrowth of need for closer relationships between employer and employee which became impossible when business became so large that the em-



ployer could no longer know and call each employee by name. As business grows there is more and more demand for workers in this field . Employers are realizing the value to their organizations of such a spirit as the personnel division is able to foster. That person works most efficiently who is happy in his work, who has a feeling of pride and responsibility in his position. The personnel division strives to bring the employer and his employees closer together, to make of the organization one giant family in attitude. The personnel officer does more than spread good fellowship. Under his supervision comes the interviewing and the hiring of helpers, training or supervision of training of new or inexperienced workers in these lines, counseling dissatisfied employees, settling of grievances, directing and fitting the misfits, checking on methods of handling the business or customers, checking on the honesty and efficiency of employees, providing for recreational activities among the helpers as well as looking after their health and the prevention of accidents in the store or office. Many of these firms publish a newspaper under the direction of the personnel division but whose staff is composed of the employees themselves. The paper usually is a monthly affair and contains news and items of interest to the organization only (not unlike any college paper). It appears under some such name as JUST A:\IONG OURSELVES. The person who contemplates going into personnel work must know people and know how to handle them and must like to work with people. It takes infinite patience and understanding of people and of relationships. The successful personnel worker is one who is not biased or prejudiced against certain persons or classes of persons. He must work with all and learn to view each one as an individual, as another self, with his problems to be solved and his way made brighter. There are a .few schools which have specific courses for the training of personnel workers . Other colleges offer single courses looking toward such a profession. The work is yet so new that if one contemplates such an occupation it would be a splendid thing for her to interview the personnel officers in seyeral firms. This would give an insight into the work, how these persons got their training for it and the types of work done in different firm . For example, the requirements of the personnel force in a publishing house is quite different from that in a department store.



The financial remuneration in this kind of work is very satisfactory. But any occupation that cannot give more than the salary in dollars and cents is not worth while to the individual. · Personally, I think that personnel work is one of the most enjoyable kinds of work, for to me there is great satisfaction in seeing the other fellow happily situated, seeing him succeeding in the place for which he is fitted. To love one's work is to be free. To work with an eye on the clock and the mind on the next pay check is slavery. Do you know who it is that talks shop? If you really like your work and en joy it, v.rhat do you talk about? I have come to be glad when I meet a person who talks shop. Florenc e Isab el H arle'y , II.

THE BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU " Man hath his· daily Appointed . . ."


of body or m.i nd

My ·'appointments" have been very, very interesting. For three years I was a public stenographer in a large hotel in Joplin, ~1issouri. I considered it the most interesting work in the world, and was sure that there was no other occupation quite so engrossing. I copied numerous scenarios, novels, poems, and essays for as many different men and women, each confident that his piece would make him world famous. \ i\fhen a New York stock company was at the hotel last winter, I wrote eleven love letters for the leading man. Yes, sir, each to a different girl. In June of this year I was stationed at the Hotel President in Kansas City during the National Republican Convention. I was the special stenographer for the New York delegation. I am surprised that I ever accomplished any real work, I was so excited. The lobby was a stage whereon speeches were being made and bands playing every minute of the clay. The farmers had a clever jazz orchestra, the players wore overalls, red bandanas around their necks, and signs on their backs asking for "relief " . And then the thrill of meeting persons whose names you have seen in the newspapers and never hoped to ever see or talk with. I cou ld rave for hours about the great Convention, but I must go · on \vith my story. My next · "appointment" was my connection with the Better Business Bureau in Kansas City. I found that there was actually



another occupation as interesting and educational as being a public stenographer. The technical purpose of the Bureau is to build integrity in advertising and selling, and tci increase public confidence in business. To give you a picture of what we do, I will take you to the office with me. As soon as the outside door is opened our cases begin to arrive. Here is an interesting one, I am sure: A young man is telling his story. He has been married two years and his vvife had always wanted a diamond ring, but they are so very, very expensive. The other day she saw an advertisement in the paper stating that some one was being forced to sacrifice a diamond ring worth a hundred doU.ars for the small sum of forty -two dollars and fifty cents. He managed to scratch up the necessary cash and bought it for her. She wore the ring for a while and was delighted with its brilliance and sparkle, but when she had it appraised she found that it was 路路phoney" and not worth a dollar and a half. The Bureau's investigator traces the advertiser and through his effo rts the money is returned to the young man. The Bureau is not a collection agency nor a prosecuting organization, but it cooperates with all law enforcing agencies in an attempt to adjust the public's business problems, and no charges are made anyone for its services, as the Bureau is supported by voluntary contributions of business houses, associations and individuals in and near Kansas City. "Don't go yet''-that is only one . of the many, many cases handled daily. The telephones are busy constantly. Is thi s "fi re" sale really as advertised? A re the roses advertised as "$5.00 per dozen roses for 59c" really as represented? Is thi s propo ition to sell me a sheep and goat, or a pair of foxes, going to make me as rich as the agent says it is? An oil company promi es m'e 100% profit in thirty clays if I buy their stock, is thi s true? Questions! questions! all clay long, and the majority of them deal with fraudulent financial schemes or misleading advertising. They lead us into every line of bu siness, and the clay is crowded with advent路ures . vVe are called the "broom" of Kansas City because we try to keep this territory swept free of fraudulent schemes of all kinds . At the end of a clay in the office I am sure you wil!" say that our work is truly fascinating.



Now, may I get sentimental? I want to say that I sincerely trust that each one of you girls now in school will find her "appointments" as interesting and delightful as I have found mine. Esther Bucher, HH.

THE CRITIC TEACHER For the benefit of the younger girls in education, I shall explain the position of a critic teacher, a place which I have tried to fill in the State Teachers' College at Milwaukee, \i\iisconsin, for the past few years. In connection with the regular college is what we like to call the "Training School" . For here we are endeavoring to train the child ''to do better the desirable things he is going to do and to reveal higher types of living to him"; and we are endeavoring to train beginners in the teaching profession how to understand and direct these children in their efforts . It is a most embarrassing moment for us when strangers, as many of them do, ask to visit the "model school." The work of the training teacher is the same as that of any other teacher with the added duty of supervising the teaching of the college students. Usually a teacher does not have more than four or five students to supervise at any one time, these being divided between the two school sessions. The critic teacher also each week may have several observation lessons 路w here some instructors, oftentimes with a class of from fifty to seventy, comes into the classroom workshop to see "how it is done", to see how the theoretical becomes the practicalif it does. The following day the critic teacher meets with this group in its regular class period and together they analyze the lesson. Many questions are asked and when not beyond the teacher, as questions sometimes are, they are answered. The pedagogical and psychological reasons for all steps in the lesson are explained. The attitudes and behavior of both teacher and pupils are studied, in order to find out in what way they might be improved. For the girl who wishes to reach out, to express her own ideas and to help set new and higher standards of education, great opportunity is presented in a position of this type. If you are interested in helping children to discover themselves and to ex-



press themselves in some creation, you are afforded the assistance of the regular college staff, library and laboratories. The child who has ability for and interest in cartooning is aided by a specialist from the art department. Those showing desire to express themselves in language either through prose or verse are encouraged by a capable guide from the English department. The same is true concerning those interested in music or in the many phases of science. Also there is the opportunity of becoming acquainted and getting the professional contact with and the advice of many of the world's leading educators, such as Norman Angel, Angelo Patri, Dr. Paul Dengler from Austria and Dr. Elizabeth Rotten from Germany. My advice to every girl is to make the most of each opportunity now, to prepare thoroughly in order to be ready when the position is ready. Upon two occasions I was disqualified because of lack of college credits. Fortunately, I was not caught napping this time. A.lso, girls, never be satisfied with anything but your best in whatever position you hold, no matter how small it seems to you; co-operate; don't be afraid to do more than is required of you. Even though it means what seems to be a sacrifice of time and effort, serve on committees and do things that at first seem too difficult, for it is this educational contact with principals and supervisors and this educational stretching that makes you grow . I hope that all of you who go out to teach will receive as many benefits and as much joy from it as I did.

Beulah Dunbar Thomas, II. ON THE TEACHING OF SCIENCE :\lore has been added to the sum of human knowledge in most of the sciences during the first quarter of the Twentieth Century than in any century previous, and what is of more importance is that all of the discoveries have been more quickly and extensively applied to daily life than ever before. A scientific discovery figures for the first time, not when the idea flashes into some one's brain, or even when it is published or patented, but when it becomes a factor in human affairs .



T hi s is a scientific age and science dominates our lif e and will continue to dom inate our life in the future. T he accomplishments of the next twenty-five year s will be even more profoundly important in their influence over the welfa re of human beings. T he scientific discoveries have made themselves felt so generally today in the lives of th e average citi zen that there is a need and a demand fo r a know ledge and intelligent understanding of the f undamental principles underlying these discoveries. T he average citi zen desires to know more about him self and hi s environment and an appreciation of the univer se in which he finds himself a part. Eve ry activity of the li fe of each person is affected today by new discoveries of Science. A nyone who tri es to live upon the face of the ea rth without attention to the law of nature will live but a shor t time, most of which will be passed in exceeding discomfo rt . One cannot live even a few hours unless he follows th e laws of nature. Thousands are dying daily or living mi serably because they have not yet learned the code of nature. T he laws and principles of science and the results of scientific research need to be interpreted for the average layman. A law, so far as the scientist is concerned, rep resents his interpretation of phenomena, or a law is a way of working in a scientific sense. T he law and principles need to be explained and put to work fo r the average layman. Mi likan , in an article in the Atlantic Monthly, makes this statement whi ch is worthy of our attention: "Our scientific civilization is the only one in hi story which has not been built up by human slavery. The slave has been made director of the lower world. This is clue to ou r triumph over coal and oil which has given freedom and oppo rtunity to men otherwi se held in phy sical bondage ." Science discoveries have clone the fo ur following things for humanity. Education should do these same things fo r the individual : 1. Science has discovered certain laws, generalizations and principles which have had and will continue to have a vital bearinrr b on the thought reactions of individuals regarding many questions;



that is, certain truths which have been revealed by science have influenced institutions, conventions, and culture to a great extent. The breadth of view and the attitude toward common problems are changed as one comp rehends some scientific generalization. A knowledge of scientific truths has driven much harmf ul superstition away. 2. Scientific principles have been discovered which -have greatly affected the health, safety, and economy of the individual and of the community. T he average expectation of life in the U nited States in 1776 was twenty-seven years, in 1875 it was thirty-seven years, while now it is fifty-seven years. \ t\There enlightened public health measures are in force, a baby born in 1925 has an average expectation of life of several years longer than if he had been born in 1900. Most of this gain has been made in the suppression of infections and infantile diseases. 3. Science has interpreted for us the phenomena of daily life. This interpretation ha-s given us a new appreciation of our commonplace envi ronment. 4. Science has taught us the value of scientific thought and the need fo r training in such thinking. I am in charge of the E lementary Science Department of the College of Education at Drake U nive rsity. I am concerned with the training of teachers for the teaching of E lementary Science in the kindergarten and the first six grades. T he courses which these pupil s take consist of content and method courses; that is, they study the subj ect matter of science that is to be taught in these grades and then take a method course. The courses are so arranged that it is possible for them to get two full year s of science instruction. The students are intensely interested in this work and are beginning to realize the possibilities in this particular field of the teaching profession. I have over two hundred students enrolled in my classes thi s year, an increase of fifty students over last school year. I believe there is an excellent field for well-trained teachers who can teach Elementary Science in teacher training schools and direct the training of teachers for the teaching of the elementary grades . The field is also opening up rapidly for teachers of science for the kindergarten and the first six grades.



Vve must keep in mind that Elementary Science or Nature Study was taught in many of our schools over the land, but for various reasons it was dropped from the curriculum. At the present time, educators are becoming interested in Elementary Science and are realizing that children's interests are being ignored when that which is nearest and about them all the time is given no attention in the daily curriculum of our public schools. There are two important things _w hich Elementary Science should do for the children of our schools. The first is that it should help them to interpret the daily phenomena, and second that it should enrich daily living. If we can get pupils interested in the life history of some of the most common insects and make them acquainted with the common plants and animals, we will have opened their minds to new wonders of this earth which are far more interesting than many of the modern novels which are published and read today. The salary of teachers of science whether in colleges, high schools, or elementary schools has of ten times been higher than the salary of teachers of other subjects in our schools. The main reason is that in the past fewer students took up the work necesary for teaching science. \~Vith the single salary scale, however, we find science teachers being paid just the same salary as that of any other teacher. The real remuneration comes in seeing what a knowledge of science does for the individual. An intelligent and sane knowledge of science gives the individual a new outlook on life. In general the requirements for teaching Elementary Science are (1) a knowledge of science subject matter, (2) a knowledge of modern educational methods, and (3) a knowledge of child nature . . The college courses should fulfill these three requirements. In addition to these requirements there is a need for teachers, not only in the science field but also in all fields of the teaching profession, who come from the intellectually elite, have attractive personalities, and social poise. I heartily recommend this type of work to those who are considering it. It is intensely interesting; it is mentally stimulating and cultural; there is always something new and unknown brought to one's attention which is challene路ing路. L ~"[["tan H et!ters }~aw. II . ~



BUSINESS Life is business-and every one strives to advance in that line of occupation he has chosen for his career. L et us take into consideration the field of commercial enterprises and th e opportunities it has to offer to wom ei1 , for thi s field has been a closed book to most of us until recent years. As college students and graduates we perhaps would not care to consider the clerking phase, yet to an establi shment this position is the source of all efforts. It is the branch of business which comes in direct contact with the public, and the aim of business is to "Serve the Public" . The clerk must always be pleasant, willing to take "as much pains" with a customer making a fiv e cent purchase as with one who makes a five hundred dollar one, keep her stock clean and neatly arranged ; call the attention of the department head to the needs of her department, especially when the article is called for by several customers. The clerk wishing to get ahead will try each day to improve, to watch her English, to have a rich store of sales-talk at her command, to be attentive but not gushing, to be attractively dressed, and to show an interest in what she is doing. The departm ent head mu st watch her stock closely, keep it cleaned out (by this is meant to see to it that no merchan dise, except that which is staple, rema ins when it is "out of season") . Keep up with the styles and try to be just ahead of the other sto res in town, and reports her wants promptly to her manager. She must be a leader capable of handling different typ es of clerks and also custome rs. \,Yhen a clerk needs assistance she should come to her assistance, when a clerk is not succeeding she should try to find out th e cause and set the girl on the right path. The fl oorwalker ove rsees every department and it is his duty to make sure that customers r eceive courteous and prompt attention. The cashier should be sure that sales-tickets are correctly made, properly and clearly itemi zed and figured exactly. She must be accurate in making change, and bundles must be neatly and quickly wrapped. Her cash mu st check with her salestickets . The bookkeeping department employes the amount of help that is necessary for its upkeep. The stenographic work, the sales



sheets, the journals, and such matters are cared fo r by this department. It may even include the credit department. The advertising manager has charge of all publicity, and directs the activities of the decorators ( window and interior) . The manager is the right-hand man to the "boss", and may assist in the buying, although the main duty of this position is to direct the activities of the entire store. T he above gives an " inkling" of the retail merchantile business. T he employees and their duties vary greatly with the size, type, and system employed by the establishment. There are other fields invaded by women such as: Working on newspaper staffs, agents for rea l estate and insurance companies, traveling positions for wholesale houses (hose, book; etc.), and even mechanics. The professions: doctors, lawyers, dentists, pathologists and other "gist", musicians and artists may count vvomen as experts in their field. Commercialism offers inexhaustible opportunities to creative women and also men who have th e courage to forge ahead. The remunerati on of this field is perhaps unequaled. A dvancement depends upon the efforts, and their results, of the individual. F inancial success is usually enjoyed by those who seek it. Honesty, integrity, loyalty, willingness, patience, kindness, level-headed ness, pleasantness, alertness, poise, neatness, promptness, along with uritiring efforts and the ability to mind one's own affairs are the fundamental requi sites of Commercialism as well as other fields of employment. Other requirements rest with the position filled. The worth of the mercantile business to society can hardly be weighed. Let us ask ourselves these quest ions: V\! ho brings the styles to the city, town, or village? V/ho offer s employment to the citizens of the community? \ Vho promotes civic progress? vVho donates to all causes? Business is firstly egoistic and in its dealings it makes no sham of this fact-yet a successf ul business shares its prosperity with its employees and its customers as well a with its community. 路 To the girl desiring to enter this field let us advise her to begin at th e very bottom and to work up, to take advi se that is profitable, to be undaunted in the courage of her convictions, to keep an open mind, to study her problems, to 路watch for her opportunities, and to keep out of ruts. R u tl t F ! etsc 路 1ta k er, HH .



CHILDREN'S POETRY How shall we lead children to an appreciation of the beautiful in poetry? vVhat shall be our guide in choosing poetry for them? A reasonable approach to a study of poetry and especially children' s poetry, may be made through its basic element, rh ythm. T he word rhythm comes from an old Greek wo rd meaning " to ftow''. Rhythm suggests li fe and movement. It is a for ce most intimately related to the very life of our bodies. For we live and have our being rhythmicall y. There is rhythm in a pulse beat, in a laugh, a sob or a cheer, and a poem is essentially an expression of emotion. 路 Rhythm is one of the commonest delights of childhood. It appears in the nursery in: "Pease, Porridge Hot," on the sidewalk in the famili ar rhymes for counting- out and jumping rope, or just in the nonsense of " The Bell-the Bell-the B-L-L," with which the playground resounds at the ringing of th e school bell. vVe march in spir i~ with the brass band, and we nod the head or tap the foot at the symphony orchestra. There is a quickening of the pulse, a tenseness in the muscles, a change in the breathing, that are signs of our instinctive physical response to the emotional appeal of rhythm . In children's poetry there is ample opportunity for bridging the gap between the physical and the mental response. Mr. M ilne tells in his delightful " When We Were Very Young," how "Chri stopher H.obin goes hoppity, hoppity, hopp ity, hoppity, hop." We romp \Nith him through " The K ing's Breakfast," we march with him through "Lines and Squares." M r . De La Mare ranges in "Pea路cock P ie", f rom th e clear and simple accent ofTh ree jolly huntsmen In coats of red Rode their horses U p to bed. to the subtle" Someone came knocking at, my wee small door." Rhythm in the plastic arts, in mu sic, in poetry, whereyer you may fin d it, may be said to be the g rouping of experiences in a r epeatin g pattern. Mere repetition, however, is not beauty vVe need symmetry, coupled with variety.



Professor A. W. Dow compares railroads, fences , blocks of building and all bad patterns with doggerel verse. They are examples of repetition without art. "Repitition in fine spacing," he says, "with the intention of creating a harmony, becomes a builder of art fabric." Variety and symmetry pulling against each other in the design, create the balance that makes beauty. Let us turn again to "Peacock Pie" and find that exquisitely patterned poem, "Silver"; and then to the jolly clogging of "Off the Ground", in the same book. How the children enjoy that one! Let us give them "Hiding" from Dorothy Aldis' "Everything any Anything!" Give them "When" and "Away" and "The Naughty Soap Song" from the same source. They should be admitted to secret places in Rose Fyleman's "Fairy Green", and Hilda Conkling's "Poems by a Little Girl." Let them frolic through Vachel Lindsay's poem game: "The Potato's Dance." "Silver Pennies" is a delightful anthology of children's verse, as are "Pinafore Palace" and "The Posy Ring." Introduce these to your children and they will do the rest. Here are a few verses from children who were given an opportunity to express themselves after the fashion of some of their poem expenences : Dick said: I had a little cooky, Its name was Mary Jane; I bit it and I bit itAnd then it was all gone. Jeanne sang : I always say "Please", I always say "Please", 路w hether I say it first or last I always say "Please". In the first we see clearly the influence of a kindly Mother Goose. In the second, the traces of an understanding Mr. Milne. Let us then give our children an opportunity to know that which is good and they will appreciate what is good. Ruth Marie H oo!?s, II.




If you want to take a real vacation, but feel that you can neither afford the cost or waste the time, get a position in a girls' camp. Here you have every opportunity of a vacation-swimming, boating, sports, nature study, crafts, plenty to eat, and lots of sleep. One comes in contact with other councilors from different localities and soon war m and interesting friendships are built up. The experience of working 路with girls from every kind of environment with every kind of personality is not only interesting, but it is valuable as well. While endeavoring to form correct habits and character among the young girls, the councilor herself is aided. During my first year's experience I soon found I would have to keep my bed and other belongings neat and orderly, take notice of my language, and mail my temper home, for camp is no place for such a weakness of character. Do not think for a moment that young girls do not observe these mentioned things . They observe everything from your mail to your ears. They try to copy your ways, seek your advice, and follow your example. Other desirable features of summer camp work are: Living close to the beauty and wonders of nature, buildings one's health, learning the art of co-operation, and recreation in its pure sense -to ''re-create". A month in a summer camp will make any one into a new person . Today there is a large field for thi s type of work. There are private camps, scout camps, Y. \N. C. A. camps, charity camps, camps for working people, and many others. The remuneration for councilors of camps varies from "room and board" pay to over a hundred a month. The salary depends on the type of work your are fitted for and the organization of the camp. As for the type of work to be clone, here again we have quite a variety. There are directors, supervisors, nurses, instructors of swimming, dancing, sports, art, crafts, group singing, nature study, education, and campfire supervisor, and , of course, a camp must have cooks and dish washers. There may also be assi stants that do very little real teaching. The requirements for camp work usually depend upon the type of work one expects to do . College graduates and college students are selected over others. Any instructor shou ld have



a fairly complete knowledge of the material she is going to put forth and be able to co-operate with others, and have an understanding of girls. P lans and outlines should be made before the camps open. One should not only know the work, but be able to teach and get it across. N ow to be personal, my line of work was swimming and lifesaving. There were about five swimming teachers and about seventy-five girls in swimming at one time. It was interesting work and I liked it very much. I have taken considerable training along this line and hold the Senior Red Cross life saving badge. Not only did I teach, but I had seven girls that I was responsible for at all times. I was their councilor and spent a great deal of time with them taking hikes, etc. Summer camps are serving an important part in society, in that they afford vacation, recreation, education for a vast number of children. Many lessons are learned at camp that can never be learned at school or home. Parents can let their children go without worry, as they know each child is receiving the best of care and the opportunity of physical, mental, and social development. I have entered this work because of real love and the future there is in it. I can feel that my time is being spent in a worthwhile way and that at the same time I am having a good time. Helen Bmndenburg, HH.

TEACHING IN NEW JERSEY " Get your happiness out of your work or you will never know what happiness is." This motto hangs in one of the halls of State Street School in Hackensack, New Jersey. Fortunately, my work is so enjoyable that I require no change for perfect happiness. Our school is divided into three departments-Academic, Commercial and Manual Arts. The Academic Department is planned for children who intend to go through high school after graduating from the eighth grade. Most of these children come from families that have had educational privileges. Children of 路the Commercial Department are ordinarily less privileged in educational background and in financial status. The aim is to prepare for business those who expect, after grammar



school, to continue for two years at high school or in a business college. Our Manual A rts Department is designed for children endowed with little ability along academic lines, who may show great potentialities for handwork. These children will never go beyond the eighth grade and many will never graduate from grammar school. The majority will go into mills or factories. Therefore, much time in this curriculum is devoted to cooking, sewing and household management for girls; and carpentry, printing and metal work for the boys. Academic requirements for this group are very rudimentary. work is Civics, History and English with the Commercial and i\fanual Arts Departments. . I am First Lieutenant of our Girl Scout Troop, which meets the last hour of each Monday afternoon, a time set apart for club activities in our school. Then each child goes to some club in which he or she is interested. vVeather permitting, the scouts hike to Phelp's Woods; hold their meeting and then have about an hour to divide between practice on tests, and play. The nature of the work is instructive, worthwhile and inspiring. Far more interesting to me than day school work is that of the evening school for foreign-born adults, held every Monday, Tuesday and Thursday evening from October 1st to May 31st. Here we meet men and women representing twenty-seven different nations. Can you imagine any more fascinating work than teaching them to speak, read and write our language? I teach both a beginners and an advanced class in Citizenship . Also I have music with each of the thirteen classes, which means that I have much to do with the special programs. Annual pleasures of this school are : Dancing Thursday evenings from nine-thirty to ten-thirty; Certificate Night, when certificates for the last year's attendance and citizenship attainments are awarded with a silk American flag; trips to the circus, Bronx Park, Museum of Natural History, Art Museum and Bear Mountain; and Christmas, \i\fashington's Birthday, and May parties. \i\fhat is being done in your school, town or city by the Parent-Teacher Associations? Have you ever worked in one? If not, begin immediately. You will work with people of all national-




1t1es, interests and degrees of understanding. "Pull Together Always" is th e motto of t.he P . T. A. Isn't it suggestive? From October thirti eth to November first, th e president of our association and I attended the 1\' ew Jersey State P. T. A . Convention held at Atlantic City. Vve were fired with enthusiasm, interest and ambition to make ours better, more forceful and farreaching than ever. I believe that this convention was even more inspirational than any State Teachers' Convention wh ich I have attended. Caroline W asgatt, 速速.

PROBLEMS IN TEACHING NATURAL SCIENCE It is not my purpose in thi s short paper to discuss the problems of teachers in general, but rather to present what I have found to be some of the real problems for the teacher in Natural Science . The Biologist has an immense problem, which often is not fully realized, that the History, Mathematics, or English teacher does not have. I refer to questions of various kinds presented by a prejudiced public either misinf ormed, partially informed, or as is often the case, uninformed. It is an unfortunate situation, but true, and must be faced squarely, tactfully and truthfully from the first. You may rest assured tl1at you will have popular questions to answer, such as evolution, various phases of the heredity versus environment question, and sex problems of various kinds, in this new era of clearer, saner thinking and self-assertion. The new teacher must reali ze f rom the first th at she will have these questions both in and out of the classroom, and she m.u st be prepared to answer them. You can't bluff, don't try, it will only be disasterous. You m ust know your subject, and in this course, perhaps more than any other in th e curriculum , because of the kind of problems presented, you must be tactful. The modern youth is in a bewildered mental state, even though he may be hiding under a veil of self-assurance. He has, as explained, erroneous popular ideas to overcome; vague, queer ideas to be undermined. You will find many who are very sure they are an authority on various problems, and it will take patience and tact to prove to them that they are wrong. Vital questions are better discussed in your classes than not di scussed, but wait until th e proper time. Tell your beginning students, for example, that you are willing to di scuss evolution



with them, but not . until they have learned enough to understand the answers to their own questions. Yon will gain more in the long run. I have college Freshmen in my classes every year that would like to debate evolution with me the first week of school. Slowly, deliberately, and carefully, without them even realizing it, perhaps, present principles and facts which will lead them to answer many of their own questions. For example: You can talk about "gradual change" and about survival of the fitte st in the struggle for existerice, all clay and get along fine, but mention Darwin or Evolution, and you immediately create a state of chaos. Leave Darwin and the " monkey" out of it for a time, and you can instill principle and give them solid ground upon which to draw conclusions later in the semester. But, remember, it takes patience, tact, and understanding to succeed, especially with high school people. I have real, genuine sympathy not only for the teacher who is merely working for her pay check, but also for the student working under her. Yon can never succeed unless you are interested in and enjoy your work. Every teacher would do well to take a good course in salesmanship. She must sell her subject just as truly as any salesman sells his product. She can no more succeed unless she knows her product, has patience and personality-plus, than can any salesman succeed . A Biology teacher has opportunity to lead in really vital problems; some which may even be, or develop into, moral problems. She has a chance to prove beyond a doubt that there is no conflict between true science and true religion , and that all evidence leads toward a belief in God. This is still a perplexing problem to many, and if she is at all prepared for her task, she can do a real service by clearing many of these problems. A Science teacher must realize from the beginning that science has limitations. That is, that it is a living subject, and that there are many things not known at the present time. She must not be afraid to say "I don't know" in answer to many questions, and to realize that those words are echoes from the greatest scientists in the world. To such questions as "vVhat Is Life?'' "vVhen and Where Did It Originate?" "What Are the Limits of Space?" and to countless others, she can only answer with hosts of others, "I don't know. " She must Jearn not to be too positive in many of her conclusions, because in so doing she ceases to be scientific. She



must be broad and open minded, and will to say, in the light of known facts my opinion at the present time is so and so; tomorrow new discoveries may lead me to believe otherwise. I believe whole-heartedly with Kellog when he says, "'vVe are ignorant; terribly, immensely ignorant. And our work is, to learn. To observe, to experiment, to tabulate, to induce, to deduce. Biology was never a more inviting field for fascinating, joyful hopeful work. To question life by new methods, from new angles, on closer terms, under more concise conditions of control; this is the requirement and the opportunity of the biologist of today." Fa e McClung Shawhan .

OCCUPATION THERAPY IN UNITED STATES VETERANS' HOSPITALS When asked, as I frequently am, "'vVhat is your work?" and the answer, "I am an Occupational Therapy Aide", is received with a vague smile and an "Oh, yes," I am aware of the fact that the work, which is so familiar to me is not so to the majority of folk. For that reason, I wish to tell you something of Occupational Therapy, as I have known it, in Veterans' Bureau Hospitals. In T. B. and General Hospitals the matter of interest in some form of Occupational Therapy is left largely to the patient. The Aide, under the supervision of the \t\T ard Surgeon, assists the man in planning his project, secures his material and makes herself generally useful. Tuberculosis patients are usually easily interested. Tooling a leather bag or knitting a bright colored scarf do es help to pass the long hours away. In General Hospitals, the turnover of patients is so rapid that much complicated or detailed work is not possible. It is in the hospitals for Mental and Nervous Diseases that Occupational Therapy do es the most service . The Ward Surgeon, after a study of the case, adv ises the type of occupation, whether the farm, the school, the craft shop, the library, craft work on the ward or simple ward work. Every available man must be kept busy. I have taken my turn in each kind of in titution; have taught academic and commercial subjects and crafts in T. B. and General Hospitals, the "Three R's" in the Vocational Guidance School



of the University of Kentucky and have been for the past two years in the Hospital No. 78 at North Little Rock, Arkansas . This is one, next to the largest, of theN. P. Hospitals and with me it is a case of the old saying, "Third time's the chartr1", being true-for I like working with mental cases. "vVorking with crazy men?" I hear some of you say. "Yes", with crazy men, for it really amounts to that, though you may work with any one of the men for some time and scarcely realize that he is other than normal. Even with the worst patient one soon forgets the word "Crazy" and thinks only of what may be done to help the poor bemuddled brain. It is interesting to watch a patient "Come out of it", though you know that the clear state isn't lasting. In our shop, where 100 men come each day, beside our Chief Aide, there are two other Aides. We teach weaving-my specialty-hooked rug making, basketry, painting and drawing, brush making, etc., and some woodwork. VVe are all on duty from 8:30 A. M . to 4:30 P. M . The men are brought by the attendants, who remain with them so that the Aide need have no thought of safety. 路 Anyway, an undesirable patient is not brought to the shop. Each man has his own desk, his own project even though it is only a board to sandpaper smooth enough to be painted . Just now I'm teaching a new man to weave on a big loom. For months he has been in my shop where, if he worked at all, he sandpapered toys, swearing all the time. For the past week he has been looking brighter and what was more encouraging he would say, "Good morning" or "Hello" when he came in. vVhen I asked him if he cared to learn to weave, he stopped swearing lorig enough to answer that he guessed that he couldn't, but finally agreed to try. H.e asked several rather intelligent questions about the loom and threads and caught the idea of weaving very well. Of course, he made, and still makes, mistakes, but he is interested. After a few rows of weaving had to be taken and corrected, he said: "By God, I haven't sense enough to do this." But he has. If he wants help he says, "Come here, Kid or Lady" or any other word that comes to his mind. "Yes", I've various names: J\/[ama, Sweetheart, Baby-doll, Mrs. Christopher Columbus, Miss Georgia Jewell", and I answer to them all. A few know my name and take pride in remembering. vVillie, when asked to name a certain Aide, said, "Is it Perkins?"



Upon being told the name he replied, "Yes, I've seen that nam e on tombstones in the graveyard. " You say, "Isn't the work depressing?' ' "Yes", it is if one is inclined to worry. Usually there is a funny side for one to see. The men laugh at each other and vve laugh with them. Here we have two classes of patients : Parole and locked ward -the former come and go at will on the stati on and many of them are allowed town passes. F ine, intelligent men th ey have been. 'vVe have college graduates, a few doctors , a lawyer or two and many business men on our rolls. A few of these men will fin ally be able to make an ad justment with the outside world and will again be usef ul citizens . . The locked ward men are under con tant supervi ion, both at work and on the wards. I wish that you could meet some of my boys. \ t\!illie might ask if you had feel the rattlesnakes or if the saloons got washed away or if you had any bees this year. Sam will say that he is just visiting here ( has been for five years). Reuben might utter a lot and just when you thought you could not understand one word, you would understand perfectly, "Give me a kiss." Quinto would sing for you. Claude might say, "I know they are nice ladies, :M ama, but I don't want to meet them", while Henry would be sure to say, "Ain't you got one little cigarette?"thi s in sp ite of the package he probably has in hi s pocket. F lip would ask v,·here you spent your vacation and tell you that he expects to spend hi s in M ississippi . Leonard, if not too far gone, would tell you that he is a Democrat and a Cumberland P resbyterian. vVillis might ask you, as he did me: "Say, can God do everything?" To my affirmative answer he repli ed, " \ tV ell , he can't make a mule three yea rs old ." In conclusion, let me ask you to visit us. If you dance, come to the Thursday night hops, for everybody has a wonderful time and there are never any wall flowers. V isiting us at any time you will see a group of well dressed, well behaved ex-service men. each one of whom did his " bit" in the way U ncle Sam required, and is now a wat'd of the same Government fo r which he fought. Gladys Foze•ler, AB.



DENTAL WORK AT THE LINCOLN CONSOLIDATED SCHOOL* By Donalda E. Morrison, Ypsilanti, Director of Health Service, Lincoln Consolidated Training School of Michigan State N orrnal College

O ral hygiene has been given a very definite place in the health program of the Lincoln Consolidated T raining School of the M ichigan State No rmal College during the past t wo yea rs, and it is hoped that a more extensive program in dental service can be carried on during the coming school year. Th is work was started during the winter term of 1926 when Dr. Russell W. Bunting, P rofessor of Pathology and Histology of th e University of Michigan, School of Dentistry, Dr. Dorothy Hard, director of the course for dental hygieni ts, and twelve dental hygieni sts came over to the Roosevelt High School, the temporary building for the Lincoln School chi ldren at that time. and conducted a complete dental examinati on. A reco rd of the findings of thi s examination was kept on file in the clinic, and a report of the condition of each child 's teeth was sent home to the parents with recommendations as to attention needed. It was interesting to note how many of these children of school age never had had any denta l attention up to this time. T hi s dental inspection had given them an interest in the care of their teeth and mouth s, and sent a large number of them out to look for th e services of a dentist. A nother g roup of children who had had the aiel of a fa mily denti st at previous tim es lost no time in gettin g in touch with him once more when they realized the necessity of immed iate assistance; while still another g roup of children took advantage of the dental aid that is offered to the people of our state at the Univer sity of M ichigan, School of Dentistry. A group of Lincoln School children, approximately forty in number, was taken to the Dental College in Ann Arbor tvvice a week during the months of l\IIarch, Ap ril and May of 1926, and given considerable attention in the matter of fillings, extractions, root-canal treatments and fillings, and se rvice of various kinds . During the months of February and :March of the same year a Saturday clinic was conducted for these chi ldren when a large number we re given necessary attention . T he health report of *Reprin ted from the Michigan State Dental Society Bull etin.



that year shows that the following dental care was given the children of Lincoln Consolidated School at the University of Michigan Dental Clini c, exclusive of the immense amount of work that was clone by the fam ily dentist of which we have no record: Two hundred and five amalgam fillings, 18 silicate fillings, 12 cement fillings, 13 gold fillings , 10 root canal treatments and fillings, 14 X -ray pictures were taken, 24 rubber dams were used in the work, 110 children were given prophylaxis. April 19 of this past school year, Dr. Bunting, Dr. Hard and twelve assistants, came over to the Lincoln School and repeated the dental examination of the previous year. This was followed up by group appointments at the Dental Clinic, approximately sixty-five in number, at eight different intervals during the early spring and summer. At one time seventy-eight Lincoln School children were in the chairs of the dentists and were being worked with in ten minutes after they arrived in the Dental Building at one o'clock in the afternoon . Below I shall give a resume of the dental assistance given the Lincoln children during the past !:>chool year at the U ni versity of Michigan, School of Dentistry: Extractions, 45 ; amalgam filling s, 446; silicate fillings, 16; cement fillings, 77; root canal fillings, 5; gold fillings, 4; rubber dams used, 60; X-rays taken, 9. In speaking of the dental examinations that Dr. Bunting and hi s associates gave the children during the past two years, he says: " \ Ve found a larger number of children had never had any decay of the teeth than we have in any of the public schools, that is, children who were free from the specific bacteria of dental decay. O ut of twenty-one who were -shown to be free from any dental decay year before last, nine of them developed bacillus acidophilus, and had dental decay at the time of the examination of the past year. vVe were quite pleased with the fine condition of the mouths of the children who lived in that community. We have no way of accounting fo r thi s other than that these children have been reared under conditions of wholesome farm diet, and living conditions which were probably more conductive to the health of the mouth than were conditi ons of the city where from 85-95% of public school children suffer from dental decay. It was our general impression that mouth conditions were not as good last year as they were year before last. Many of these children need dental attenti on, but as a whole, the teeth are so well formed that with a



little immediate dental service their teeth can be saved and made useful to them for the remainder of their lives. If this is not clone some very excellent sets of teeth are going to be ruined. The Dental School will attempt to give service to as many of these children requiring immediate attention as it is possible, but it has been impossible for them to care for them all up to this time. It is very important that those children who need attention should be taken to a dentist, as delay may be disastrous to the dental welfare of the child. It is planned that the dental hygienists will give such short talks to the children in their classrooms as will help them to know more about the anatomy of the teeth, how to care for them, the proper diet to have, and in general help them to know how to keep the well formed, sound teeth that so many of them have." The dental examination for .this year will be held in the early fall. This will afford an opportunity for all of the Lincoln School children to have their teeth taken care of through one channel or another before the vacation time. Dr. William R. Davis, director of the Bureau of Mouth Hygiene and Preventive Dentistry of the State Department of Health, is going to lecture at the first Community League meeting in October, and enlighten the parents of the Lincoln School children on the subject of dental hygiene. Since dental hygiene work has been under way for the past two years at the Lincoln Consolidated Training School of the Michigan State Normal College, and a rather definite program for the present year is under way, it would seem as though oral hygiene had made a place for itself abreast of the other phases of health work that are being carried on at the present tim e.

HEALTH EDUCATION Nell Grant, of Epsilon Epsilon Chapter, has for the past three years been connected with the Health Education or "Wholesome Living" Department of the Los Angeles City Schools. Health Education is the sum of experience, in school and elsewhere, which favorably influence habits, attitudes and knowledge relating to individual, community and racial health. Conscious provision is made in the Los .Angeles curriculum for health education from the Kindergarten through High School. In the first four grades a five-minute period is required daily, but in the



upper grades one period of from twenty-five to fo rty minutes per week is given. The Joint Committee on Health Problems meeting last year in the east, reported that "Health education can be promoted only by emphasizing all aspects of health; physical, mental, social and moral. A teacher of health shouH look for normal development of th e child fro m all of these points of view. The ideal of health is not mere f reedom from obvio us deformities and pathological symptoms. It is the realization of the highest physical, mental and spiritual possibilities of the individual." This is the objective of the \iVholesome Living Department of the Los Angeles Schools. In the elementary schools, which number three hundred, with ove r five thousand regular teachers, the grade teacher carries on the work in health education in her own room . There is a Course of Study adapted for each grade giving desirable sequence and progression from grade to grade in the training and instruction in the field of health. It is M iss Grant's duty to visit the schools under her supervi sion to ascertain if teachers are suppli ed with courses of study, inspire them in using the suggestions therein stated or better ones if they have any, and assist the teacher and principal in solving any problems which pertain to health education. If it is a problem of correction and not prevention, then the Health Service or Health Co rrection Department co-operates to remedy the case. Each month a definite obj ective is set up as a goal or a habit to be obta ined on the part of the child: September, milk; October, f ruits; K ovember, vegetables; December, a good breakfast ; January, cheerfulness; February, care of teeth; lVIarch, uses of water ; April, sleep and rest; May, regularity; June, exercise, fresh air, and sun shine. By means of charts, devices for recording health chores, stories, songs, handwork, etc ., health education is motivated in th e schools. E ducation is not confined merely to or telling. E nvironm ent is ed ucating the child for or against healthful ways of living. Taking care of health is a bother and the motive seldom lies in the school situation. T hi s creates the need for incentives and schemes for creating a situation favorable to instruction. Success in teaching wholesome living is measured by the results in terms of doing as well as knowing. Each school is equipped with scales and the teachers weigh their children each month or every other month. The child knows



his "Safety Zone" and how much he should o路ain each month b ' and this knowledge is a strong incentive for wholesome living on the part of the individual. l\!Iiss Grant does all the research and survey work for her department. This year she has chosen eight schools in different parts of the city in which to do research work These schools she visits each month, helping the teacher plan her work for the month, telling stories or giving special lessons to the classes, talking to P. T. A. and Mothers' Clubs of the schools, and helping the principal in organization of health administration in her school. She has given health knowledge tests to these schools at the beginning of the term and will repeat them at the close. Each school that has been chosen for this type of work is keenly interested and is willing to co-operate with the department in every phase of the work. After these eight schools have been visited each month Miss Grant then visits other schools allotted to her supervision, often driving fifty miles a day to and from one school, so vast is the area of the city. \tVhen she goes to interesting places as San Pedro, Venice, Santa Monica Canyon or Pacific Palisaides she often makes a picnic out of the trip by taking her parents and a wellfilled lunch basket and a pleasant noonday meal is enjoyed on the beach or in some beautiful park overlooking the beach. Lea,;ing her family to enjoy themselves as they wish she goes to a nearby school, picking them up on the way home . Besides these school visits, no school being visited more than twice during a semester (except her special schools) she is often called upon to talk to P. T. A. groups, Hygiene classes at the different universities and teachers' colleges. This year, while in charge of the department during the absence of the director, who was attending Columbia University, Miss Grant directed and arranged the annual exhibit of V\Tholesome Living for Teachers' Institute which was attended daily by hundreds of teachers and administrators from all over Southern California. Besides her regular school work Miss Grant has found time. since moving to Los Angeles, to complete her university work after school hours, and expects to receive her Master's Degree next year. With all the data that she is now collecting it is not difficult to guess what her thesis subject will be. She is an active member of Pi Lambda Theta, an honorary educational sorority



at the University of Southern California, and always takes great interest in all Alpha Sigma Alpha activities of the Alumn~ and Xi Xi Chapters in Los Angeles.

HOSPITAL DIETITIAN I believe dietetics is one of the most interesting professions for Home Economics graduates. There is not the monotony as in teaching school. I am always meeting new people and certainly all types. My hours are rather long, but when I have locked my iceboxes and supply rooms I am through for that day. In teaching I always hated those examination papers and notebooks, I believe, most of all. Menu planning is about the hardest part in hospitals. My work includes buying of all food supplies, planning menus, supervision of kitchen and charge of all diets. Because of this being a small hospital (60 beds), I have charge of the linen supply and relieve in the office part time. Perhaps that does not sound like so much, but I su rely am kept busy. vVe have to have our B.S. or A.B. Degree from some accredited college or university in Home Economics and six months internship in a Class A. Hospital. After completing the course, one usually starts as an assistant dietitian or head dietitian in a small hospital. The salary is $100 with full maintenance and then it va ries as high as $250. Dietetics is becoming more important than formerly, as doctors are having more patients who need special diets, also clubs, doctors' offices or clinics, hotels, steamships and even in the wealthy homes where there are children or aged people are employing dietitians. Dietitians in hospitals have long hours. I am on duty from 7 :00 A. M. until 1 :00 P. M., then have two hours off and on at 3 :00 P. l\1. until 6:30 P. M. We have one day off during each week, that is the general time off, although in some hospitals the dietitian is off one and a half days. During each year we get two weeks vacation with pay. The vacation varies, though, from two weeks to one month. Usually after two years at one place a month's vacation is given with pay. If one decides to become a dietitian while she is still in college, I would advise taking as many institutional subjects as possible and chemistry. Institutional management and cookery are two



very important studies. Physiological chemistry IS preferable to Textile Chemistry. I thought I had decided my profession as a teacher and dietetics had never been very important. When I came to California and decided to stay, d ietetics was the most outstanding vocation for those who had a college degree in Home Economics. I have never regretted my internship and like my work much better than teaching. I surely hope I have covered all information that was wanted, and if any A. S. A. comes to California I would be glad to see them and show them all the good things we have in our hospital.

Lottie V ehlow, EE. Dietitian at the Murphy Memorial Hospital, Whittier, Ca lifornia . VOCATIONAL TRAINING FOR GIRLS IN SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF Little deaf girls and boys are at some time confronted with the big problem of earning a livelihood just as their little hearing brothers and sisters. To what extent vocational training for economic independence should be carried out in schools for the deaf is difficult to decide . An interest in this field that has arisen from teaching the deaf led last year to my making a study of Vocational Training for Girls in Schools for the Deaf. Questionnaries were prepared and sent to 135 of the 192 schools for the deaf in America, omitting the three schools for colored children and 54 of the day schools that accommodate for the large part only young children. * Some of the questions asked were: 路what percent of girls are enrolled in vocational subjects? What vocational subjects are offered? What percent of teachers have definite vocational training? Are vocational and academic teachers on the same salary scale? Are your vocational teachers on the same salary scale as vocational teachers in your city public schools? Do you have vocational gu idance? *There are 60 residential schools for the white children which take care of far the greatest number of deaf chi ldren in America and therefore f,J.r more importance was placed on these schools.



Do you have an employment system for placing your graduate ? Do you keep a record of your former pupil ? \Vhat occupations do your girls enter? \ iVhat do you consider to be the most important occupations for deaf girls? Replies were received from schools representing 3,332 girls of a total of 8,269 girls in schools to which questionnaries vvere sen t. To summari ze briefly the findings of the investigation: Pre-vocationa l and vocational subj ects are offered in most of the schools for the deaf. Nearly one-half of the girls enrolled in schools for th e deaf are pursuing vocational training and a small fraction pre-vocational training. In order of most frequent occurrence, sewing, dressmak ing, cooking, laundering, applied a rt, weaving, working of rugs, home making, millinery, personal hygiene, textile painting, typing, home decoration , home nursing-, commercial drawing, bookkeeping, mechanical drawing, and library work are offered to .girls in residential schools for the deaf. F ew~r vocational subj ects are offered in public day schools. Ove r half of the schools for the deaf report: Vocati onal courses planned with relation to vocational opportunities, outlined with definite obj ectiv es, and allotted the same credit as academic courses . Over three-f ourths of the teachers in schools for th e deaf have special vocati onal training fo r their work. However, thi s was not interpreted to mean college training or its equivalent in the majority of cases. In a larger percent of public clay schools than residential schools vocational and academic teachers are on the same sala ry scale. In far ove r half of the residential schools reporting, vocational teachers are on a lower salary scale than vocational teachers in public schools in the same city. A little ove r fift y percent of the residenti al and public clay schools have vocational guidance for pupils. A small percent of the girls after leaving school follow the occupations learned at school. A far greater percent of public clay schools than residen- / tial schools have records o f their former pupils. Sewing and dressmaking are offered in the largest number of schools, are pursued as an occupation by the largest number of girls, and dressmaking is considered one of th e most important



occupations for deaf girls by the largest number of school heads. Millinery, girl supervising, filing, teaching and laundering were also considered important occupations. As a result of the study and from vocational literature th e following have been selected as occupations a deaf girl may pursue despite her handicap: ( 1) Industrial fi eld: Paper box worker, candy maker. biscuit maker, hat maker, clothing worker, laundress, textile worker. (2) Agricultural field: Beekeeper , dairy worker, dog raiser, drug grower, landscape gardener, poultry raiser, stock raise r. (3)

V illage improvement:

Market gardener, flower grower.

( 4) Home Economics : ::VIilliner, dressmaker, cafeteria manager, tea room wo rker, boarding house keeper. ( 5) Commercial field: Accountant, worker in book publishing house, typist, addi ng machine operator, comptometer ope rator, bookkeeper, filing clerk. (6) Arts and Crafts: Costume designer, color photographer, garden photographer. photographer. costume illustrator, interior decorator , household decorator. jewelry engraver , magazine illustrator, novelty painter, gift shop manager. (7) Library work: Children's librarian, industrial medical librarian, catalogue clerk.


(8) Literary work : Book reviewe r, feature editor, magazine writer, proofreader. (9) Scientific field: Bacteriologist, geologist, medical research worker, paper chemi st, pharmacist, physicist. ( 10) l\l iscellaneo us fields: Hairdresser, manicuri st, supervisor in schools for deaf, fo reign trade research, model for designers and illustrators, adverti ser, draftsman, health service, vocational guidance worker in schools for the deaf . The above occupations are grouped so that there are opportunities for the most in adequately trained to the most adequately trained deaf girl. T he fact that many deaf people have almost natural speech and are excell ent lip-readers makes is possible for them to pursue almost as many vocational oppo rtunities as th eir hearing friends.



THE SCHOOL CAFETERIA lVIy work is taking charge of the cafeteria in the East Aurora High School. vVe have a registration of over a thousand pupils. There is one public school in the town, and this building houses the high school, kindergarten, and two or three of each of the grades. The to~vn has a population of over five thousand people and is almost purely a residential nature. 'vVe have for some time outgrown our school building, and so last year an addition was built to the old school. The cafeteria is located in the basement of the new part. In spite of the fact that we are in the basement we have full-length windows, since the sand pit for the kindergarteners is in front of our windows. As the room faces south and the south side is all windows, we get a splendid supply of sunlight. This natural light with the white walls and ceilings makes the room very cheerful and only on the darkest days is artificial lighting necessary. It was a real lark selecting the new equipment . This meant many visits to cafeterias and equipment houses. We finally finished the decorations in white with oak woodwork and red asphalt floors. vVe selected little chatrs with solid seats and short backs to slide under the oak tables with brown composition tops, large enough for six. Our steam tables and service counter are white with metal top and hoods. Back of our counter we have the entire wall made into cabinets to .store away our plain white dishes. pretty glass dishes used for desserts and dainty silverware. Vve also have hot water and cocoa urns and a large box which ts a delight to the ice cream lover. I made window boxes for each of our eleven windows and painted them to match the woodwork. Then I filled them 路with small colored-leafed plants and begonias . They look so cheerful. Our kitchen is fairly large and is equipped with several electric appliances and large 路gas ranges which make quantity cooking easy. Off the kitchen is our delivery entrance and store room . V.fe are very proud of our huge Kelvinator, which makes it possible for us to maintain our own dairy and green goods supplies, and also to make our own ice for drinking water, etc. There are seven hundred students who eat with us each day. 'vVe have our recess periods from 10 until 12 :40 o'clock. The first group coming at 10 o'clock are first graders. I am very particular with the food the children select and so ahvays take



time to help them select their lunch. Af ter the first few weeks the tots lea rn where to get the food , how to get it and what they should select. These children usually have fruit, or milk, a roll , graham crackers, or graham crackers and peanut butter; some have hot cocoa which is all milk. I always supervise the selection of lunches through the grades, so those I have had for seve ral yea rs select very well-balanced lunches. :M y menu consists of cocoa, soup, tw o or three hot di shes . vegetables, salads, sandwiches, a plate lunch, desserts, and ice cream, milk, chocolate milk, pickles and olives for the older children. O ur milk is the best I can buy. It is interesting to note that we sell as much chocolate milk as plain. This we make by adding Hershey's chocolate syrup to whole milk. Vve also use great quantities of milk in our cooking and desse rts. I have five women to help me, and also tw enty-five girl s who serve for their lunch. I have complete charge of my cafeteria. I buy, bank my money, hire my help, pay my bills, keep my books, plan my menus, and teach three classes in clothing. I find plenty to do to keep me busy, but all of it is very interesting work. In connection with my wo rk I had some very amusing expe riences last summer. I hired out to work in the several cafeterias. As I wo rked at each station I received many points. At one cafeteria the pastry girl showed me how to roll pie crust, and the supply man or bus boy who prepared the potatoes befo re time to take the suppli es to the counter, thought it queer that I being a new helper did not help him with the potatoes. I had real experiences listening and watching. I can never tell what it really meant to me. At a second place路 where I worked th e girls thought I was a school girl. They asked if I had to write up my work fo r school. You see, they were accustomed to having students; in fact, there was one there from Cornell at the time and vve were very chummy. The other workers thought, of course, that we both went to school. I did not discourage this idea, because they were sati sfied and asked no more questions. This work was a real course in psychology and sociology. I dare say I never worked so hard before, for one of my places I worked from 6 :30 A. l\1. to 3 :00 P . ).![ . for four weeks; another from 10:00 A. M. to 8:30 P. M. I had a locker in the girl s' locker r oom, so I was able to talk to the girls, watch them , li sten to their conversation. It was a



great lesson on how the other half lives. Out of it all I learned tolerance as I ne,路er knew it before. Most of these people had little chance for advancement, all were poorly paid, but all had a so ul . J eanett TIV. Diewwr, II II. HOME ECONOMICS AS A VOCATION

Girls trained in and interested in the field of home econom ics have a variety of special interests from which to select their vocation. The time and extent of training and the manner of training depend largely upon the phase of home economics chosen. If one desires to be a teacher of home economics she may carry on this work in the junior high school or in the senior high school, giving the pupils in her classes an insight into the homemaking . activities and helping them to become better members of their own homes and of their community. She may find her particular interest that of teaching adult women who are homemakers and anxious to have expert help in the soluti on of their problems. One may prefer to work with college students and find her field in a teacher training institution, a state university, a women's college, or a denominational college. Here her work will be quite specialized and she will usually be expected to be an expert in one division of home economics-nutrition, clothing, and textiles, foods, home management, or home economics education . She will have the opportunity to train future teachers or leaders in other fields of home economics and to develop new lines of thought concerning her special interest. :M ore and more frequently there is the demand for classes in home economics for men as well as for women in colleges . T here is still much help needed in developing this rather nevv type of course. The girl who is interested in home economics but does not aspire to teach still has many activities from which to select. Hundreds of home economic trained women are found in businessmanagers or directors of tea rooms, cafeterias, school lunchrooms, college dormitories, and hotels. Others carry on experimental work in commercial laboratories and still others are in food or textile advertising. Department stores are placing graduates of college home economics courses in charge of their training departments, and employing them as expert buyers and stylists. The hospital dietitian offers another important position for home eco-



nomic trained women. vVomen who have home economic information and al o training and ability in writing are in constant demand for the contribution of articles on home matters to newspapers and magazines and technical journals. Teachers of home economics are usually required to be graduates of a four-year co llege course in home economics. Practical experience in homemaking activities is a desirable additional preparation, and frequently required. Graduate study is necessary for professional advancement. A very large percentage of the college positions demand two or .more years experience in teaching in secondary schools, and a year of grad uate work; advanced degrees are almost essential for the better college positions. There are more openings for home economics teachers than in some other fields of teaching, but the standard of preparation is regularly being raised. The remuneration is probably somewhat above the average of teaching positions, because of the comparative newness of the field. The person who expects to take some phase of home economics work as her vocation should be particularly interested in the home and in all its activities. She will thus be better able to further the higher ideals of worthy home membership and of home making. She should be a student of present social conditions and their trends as effecting home life. Without such a breadth of view she cannot hope to contribute her greatest share to her vocation, \\"hether it be in the home, in business, or in teaching home econom1cs. Muriel M.cFm-land, Washington State Normal Schools, Ellensburg, Washington.

ERIE COUNTY (NEW YORK) HOME BUREAU Six years of continuous extension service, I believe permits me to write, much or less authoritatively, on Home Bureau work, at least as it functions here in my own Erie County, New York State. Extension Service, information, and money starts way up in the United States Department of Agriculture and cqmes clown through the various steps of Cornell University, Extension Specialists in Homemaking subjects, local Board of Supervisors, and County Home Demonstration Agents, Comm unity Local Leaders,



to the actual cooperating homemakers. I am proud to say that, according to our state leader, Erie County Home Bureau members form the largest county home bureau organization in the world. 路w hat a classrqom it is-this big county and tremendous army of women, eagerly waiting and working for better methods of conducting their homes, feeding, clothing, and sheltering their families, guiding their children, and so budgeting their time and money as to permit leisure to enjoy recreation, to help their community and to d~velop their cultural life. Just now I am completing my annual report for the year 19271928. Were you to read its 56 typed pages you vvould find we have twenty-eight organized clubs here with membership ranging from 13 to 107. These units meet once or twice a month, and select from the county program such projects as best fill their need. This county program has included such important work as Food Preparation- here we have taught, either through Specialists from Cornell, the Home Demonstration Agent, or Assistant, or commercial demonstrators. Quick supper dishes, pastry, uses of cheese, cake making, frozen desserts, apple confections, salads . I wish you could have been with me at our Cake Making Summary meeting where nearly 200 beautiful examples of this project were displayed . Under Food Prese路rvation, some work was given in electric oven canning, as well as pressure canning and cold pack. The beautiful display of canned goods at our County Fair. demonstrated the extent and value of this instruction. Nutrition included Food Selection for the Family, Community Meals, Child Feeding, Vitamins and Calories. vVe are perfectly sure now that some of the committees at least for the church suppers, luncheons, community parties, etc., will serve better balanced meals more attractively and economically too. Clothing is my own pet subject and I like to report the project on Underwear, for example, with nearly 1000 garments made; Style Talks, for our women must be clothes conscious; Feet and Shoes, a lecture using slides; Remodeling (the results are marvelous in some cases-have you ever seen a real old fashioned suit blossom out into a chic up-to-elate 1928 dress model and thrill as I have?) I must not take too long but I cannot omit mention of our work on Slip Covers for Furniture; Lamp Shades; Family Health Con-



ferences; Civic Talks; Se路wing Machin Schools; and Child Training Institute and Study Clubs. O ur Comm unity activities include participation in National Better Homes Week; contributions to a Schol arship Fund; rallies; teas; exhibits of work done; plays; community singing a nd th e like. But here I am, as usual running on and on, as I run about my County in the trusty Dodge, forgetting that everyone cannot possibly be as enthused about Home Bureau as I am-so I will close with our beautiful Creed, written by Dr. Ruby Green Smith, wh ich is in the home and heart of every E rie County Home Bureau m ember. "THE HOME BUREAU CR EED" To maintain the highest ideals of home life; to count children the most important of crops; to so mother them that their bodies may be sound, their minds clear, their spirits happy, and their characters generous : To place service above comf ort; to let loyalty to high purposes silence discordant notes; to let neighborliness supplant hatreds; to be discouraged, never: To lose self in generous enthusiasms; to extend to the less fort unate a helping hand; to believe one's community may become the best of communities; and to cooperate with others for the common ends of a more abundant home and community li fe: T hi s is the offer of the Home Bureau to the home-maker of today. Frances NI. Holbrook.

LIFE IN HAW All Life in Hawaii-how varied, how vivid, an d how difficult to describe. S uppose you spend a clay just living it with me. Here in one morning you will see small J apanese maidens m their gay flowered kimonos tripping along orr sandaled feet. A wide obi (be1t) encircles that one's waist many times and flares like a bright butterfly between her shoulders. A tiny brother clings above that one's obi, riding pig-a-back to the market. T here beside the door you see her moth er clad in a darker kimono. She, too, is go ing to market; she carries a bright parasol in one hand, a child clings to the other.



Across the street is a Chinese girl and her grandmother. The girl is wearing a straight ankle length skirt of black brocade and a high collared, loose sleeved jacket of sky blue silk; but there are A merican sandals on her feet and her hair is bobbed. The grandmother toddles along on tiny feet once bound. She has special shoes, not more than six inches in length, A merican in design, and mad e of the sof test black kid. They are made to order. . She wears black silk trousers and a black jacket, longer but of the same design as that of the younger woman. Her hair is drawn tightly back from her forehead and fastened in a tiny knot at the back of her head, a long jade ornament is thrust through the knot, protruding from eith er side. And here comes one of her many grandsons, collegiate describes him in every detail. In the middle of the st reet is a Hawaiian traffic cop, a big, brown, smiling faced fellow in a khaki uniform and sun helmet. F urther clown the street you see the firemen, Hawaiian, too, loitering outside the Central station. They wear blu e uniforms. A trolley car goes rattling by, another uniformed Hawaiian, the motorman. Yes, a uniform seems to hold an undeniable attraction for these people. In the course of the m orning one may meet a Philippine girl in her long flaring skirt and butterfly sleeved bod ice with high standing collar, or an old Hawaiian woman in th e long mother-hubbardlike holoku. And you will see any number of Portuguese and people of mi xed races, but the majority of them, like the majority of the people already described, will be dressed in ordinary American business clothes, and are going about performing ordinary American business duti es, many in A merican automobiles. You may spend the aftetnoon at the U niver sity of Hawaii, perhaps attending their "outdoor " commencement, at which nearly a hundred students of varied ancestry, clad in regulation university mortar board and gown but wearing beautiful flower leis, march sedately before the faculty, who wear the insignias of degrees conferred by many American and European colleges, and receive their Bachelors of Masters degrees. A nd the parents of these students, American, Chinese, Japanese, Hawaiian, many in their national costumes, beam upon their sons and daughters from the audience. Or you would enjoy an afternoon on the famous beach of \iV aikiki, stretched at length on the sunny sand or in the shade of a hau tree la nai, with now and then an exhilirating clip into the



sapphire waters of the Pacific, waters that caress and sooth. Or you may tave tea in the charming apartment, modern in every d.etail, including diminutiveness and altitude of rent, of one of your sorority sisters who happens to be sojourning in these Islands of Paradise. Evening. A Hawaiian sunset, a cooling breeze from the ocean. vVhat would you enjoy? One of the latest movies, a vaudeville, a Chinese theater, or a Buddhist Temple, a Catholic Cathedral, or a ball at one of the large hotel s. Perhaps you'd rather attend a chop suey or a sukiyaki dinner and test your skill with chop sticks. or a native luau where you are allo·wed to eat with your finger s the food cooked in the earth and served on leaves. There, too. you may see a hula dancer and hear the native chants and songs with ukelele accompaniment. O r you may prefer to go for a moonlight swim; for a drive between long avenues of fragrant flowering trees to Laie for a glimpse of the beautiful Mormon Temple. Every clay in Hawaii is an active day, beautiful and colorful, and these are some of the things that life in Honolulu includes. Honolulu is a typical city of one hundred thousand Americanized and modern to almost the nth degree yet retaining much of native hospitality and kindliness and some of the lovely customs of the many races that meet and mingle harmoniously in the industrial and social Ii fe of these islands at the Cro ssroads of the Pacific.

Cynthia Bucl? Geiser, :£:£.


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TH E USE OF A VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE BUREAU The first Vocational Guidance Bureau was established in 1907. It was a definite form for an educational movement which has for its aim the collection and distributing of information regard ing conditions and prospects in occupations for boys and girls. Other vocational bureaus or organizations sprang up, even in Europe. Vocational guidance has been defined as the selection of the means for giving each boy and girl the learning and the opportunity for doing that work for which each is best fitted by ability and inclination . In other words, the purpose of vocational guidance is to furnish boys and girls about to start their life careers with advice on the proper choice of a vocation and to determine their fitness for such a vocation. There are three necessary things which the Vocational Guidance Bureau should do: It shou ld make a vocational survey of industries to ascertain what specific abilities and training are needed in each of them, also what opportunities the industries afford. The Bureau should also analyze the capacities, characteristics and tendencies of boys and girls so that the most suitable vocation can be chosen for each. The Bureau shou ld also cooperate with the school in choosing the causes which vocational survey have shown to be necessary. The Bureau collects all information it can find on vocational guidance. The Bureau is the foremost interpreter of the information. In order that the knowledge might be available for the use of all who seek it, the Bureau issues books, papers, pamphlets, and bulletins of various careers. The information which the Bureau issues through these books, papers, etc., concerns the nature of different vocations, present-day conditions, personal and educational entrance requirements, danger, advantages and disadvantages, and returns accruing from one's choice of a certain vocation. The Bureau helps young people to learn . what the world is doing before they can decide what part they should play in the world's work.



No one need enter a vocation with their eyes closed. Vocational Guidance Bureaus are organized for the express purpose of helping each individual to make the most of his abilities and opportunities. This idea of an organized system in guiding youth wisely is comparatively new, but already it has become a wonderful means of teaching boys and girls how to distinguish between job and a vocation. There are three groups of boys and girls in which the bureau is especially interested. The first is that group which drop their school work at an early age and enter some form of industry. The Bureau follows these boys and girls into the industry and investigates conditions. The second is that group which go through high school. The Bureau supplies them with vocational information. The Bureau directs the earning pursuit of such people in accordance with their abilities. The third is that group which expect to attend college or other institutions after they get out of high school. The Bureau assists them in selecting schools and studies and develops them in lines of vocational choice. Vocations rightly chosen will call forth the best efforts of the individual and produce self-supporting, happy citizens. Edna Spencer, PP.

"HOW GUIDANCE AIDS STUDENTS IN THE CHOICE OF A VOCATION" "The true teacher finds her crowning opportunity in revealing to her students some compelling purpose, some appealing career which shall be to them what teaching is to her," writes Pres ident Hyde of Bowdoin College . This was the ambition and its accomplishment the reward of the "true" teacher long before the term "guidance" was used in this country. Many an earnest teacher interested in her pupils' welfare and possessed with an intimate knowledge of their abilities, successfully performed the functions of the so-called councillor of today. Comparatively recent is the organized guidance moventent. In fact, it was in our own city of Boston that the first definite step was taken when, in 1910, Frank Parsons published his book, "Choosing a Vocation." A little later, lectures on guidance were given by Mr. Myer Bloomfield in Boston University. A call for a national conference was then sent out backed by Mr. Filene



and the Boston Chamber of Commerce. T his early gathering in Boston, composed of Y. 1\II. C. A. workers, business men, educators, and research men, were dealing largely with the question of placement and did not consider the work in the schools. It was only with their later affiliation with the Society for Vocational E ducation and then with th e National Education Association that the guidance movement entered unreservedly in the educational fi eld. \,Yhile in some cases the efficiency of the present guidance organizations is to be questioned, nevertheless guidance activities f orm an important part in the school program of today. Various, indeed, are the methods employed by the school to assist the pupil in his choice of a vocation. There are the "exploratory activities" in w hich opportunities are provided for the individual to try him self out in various fields without knocking about and meeting with fa ilures in finding hi s li fe work. There are organi zed trips to factories and business houses to see the working of industries at first hand. Closely related, are the provisions made for personal interviews with professional men, and arrangement fo r part-time and vacation wo rk i1:1 business houses and factories. To better facilitate this movement it has been necessary to make certain changes in the organ ization of the school. In thi newly established system, the unit is the " hom e room" whose teacher is a counci llor responsible to the clean foi¡ those students in her room . Secondly, there is an increasing emphasis placed on "club organization." In fact, in some schools, practically ever y possible field is covered by some club. \,Yhil e membership in a club is compulsory, the choice is left to the student. The aim of gui dance is to enable the student "to take the next step wisely"; the method, is to fo ll ow, so far as it is possible, the student's natural inclination. It attempts to assist the student in the choice of hi s vocation so that it may fulfill the requirements of a true vocation-"whatever work you are doing, if you a re doing that for which you are best fitted, with the ideal of service to your fellowmen." Dorothy Bixley, ŽŽ. CHOOSING A VOCATION

On what basis should a person choose hi s vocation ? Because it pays more financially; becau e it is a white collar job; because it does not require much time or effort; or why? If you have



already chosen your life work, why did you choose the one vou did? If you were to advise a youth in this matter, what woulcl be your principles of decision? A new idea is coming into vogue in this matter. This is to choose your vocation on the basis of the amount of happiness and success you would get. Formerly, financial success was all that was considered. John was a lawyer because he made lots of money, but he was not happy because he had the desire and the ability to be an architect. However, he was considered successful by the world. His brother, J an1es, was a great disappointment, so lhe gossip went. He did not foilow in the parental footsteps to fame as a doctor, but he was an artist. Not a famous artist, either, but a poor, starving, happy one. vVhich was the more successfu lly, that is truly successful? James, the poor artist, of course, because he was happy, happy in his work in spite of his financial depression. Of course, money and people's op inion are important, but is not happiness more important? After all, happiness is now the dominate aim of practically all up-to-elate educational institutions; it is what we are all in search of; it is what makes us all of a common class. But what you consider happiness may not be the same for some one else. Indiv idual differences must be considered . Some people find their greatest joy in doing for others; it is true, too, that some find it in money; some find it in traveling; some find it in having a care-free lif e; some find it in a life of responsibility; others find it in just doing a certain thing, as producing ob jects of beauty and admiration. So the next time some one asks your opinion as to what he should choose as hi s life work, help him to determine the position wherein he derives the most happiness, and you will have rendered him a priceless service. Ruth Hir:Jel. AA.

THE NEED FOR MORE GUIDANCE IN FITTING STUDENTS FOR A VOCATION How often one hears the remark, "This is the clay of specialization." And how often one hears, from time to time, "She shou ld have fitted herself for another occupation; she isn't suitable!" Unfortunately, a great many mistakes are made on the part of students who have not had the proper advice or guidance



when they began to choose and prepare for their future vocations. There is much criticism offered on the basis that advising the child on the threshold of a career is "an unwarranted interference with destiny." Guidance is not guessing. Guidance is an effort to assist and inform students in choosing vocations for which they are the most successfully adapted. There is a practical need for more guidance in our schools today. Government statistics state that, during the year 1920, every twelfth child between the years of ten to fifteen was gainfully employed-at a time when each should rightfully have been in school. For these students who are continually dropping out there is the utmost need of vocational guidance. \i\lhat are we to do with the student who elects a certain course in high school or college simply because his chum has elected it? \iVhat are we to do with the other type of student who elects a certain course because it is the easiest, or because it doesn't include Latin and like subjects? How are we to aid the student who apparently has no special abilities and aptitudes? Here, then , is concrete proof for the necessity of more guidance-a guidance which, if carefully handled, will result in a better adaptation of the student to his vocation. 1 oseph.ine Buchanan.

COLORADO STATE TEACHE.RS COLLEGE Colorado State Teachers College is primarily an institution to develop more and better teachers. Everything we study practically leads on to that goal. There are offered innumerable education courses which take up the problems encountered in a school room and teaching the correct methods of teaching and classification. vVe learn how to use educational tests and measurements; which text books are the best to use and where to find reference material-in fact, they try to touch upon every problem which may arise in the actual field of teaching. Then the culmination of all our methods courses and final practical training is the student teaching which is required of every student. The student teaches in the Training School under the supervision of excellent teachers and there tries out his skill at actual teaching. This supervised teaching gives the student experience and poise in the classroom when he starts in the teaching Beta Beta. profession.




It is generally agreed that what the K irksville State Teachers College needs is to give indiv idual and personal help to its students in choosing a vocation . Too many students flock to the "Teachers College" because they are undecided what to do with their lives. They come expecting to find out what they want to do, when that inclination should have been discovered before they came to avocational school where the students are trained for the teaching profession alone. Having arrived, many are still undecided, but after four years of indecision they drift into the teaching field just as they drifted to and through college. It is easily understandable that people of this kind do not make the best kind of teachers and many of them make the worst. If a department limited solely to helping students decide what they want to do and what they are best suited for were established at the Kirksville College, many undesirab le teachers would be eliminated, many more people would find their correct vocations, and in general the educational status would be raised. A vocational bureau would not have to be large in our school because our student enrollment is comparatively small. A vocational board delegated to assist undecided students could be an entity of its own more or less connected with the facu lty of the school so that the two could work together for the personal benefit of its students. WHAT I SHALL DO WHEN I LEAVE COLLEGE Eternity! How we all aim for that in our lives. vVe all want to do something that will live on. So I, like many others, have the ambition to do something that is worth while and lasting. Not necessarily that the deed should be recorded in history or my name put in Who's Who, but something that I can be proud of as a girl of A. S. A. No other profession than teaching can afford one such a great opportunity, and I mean to take that opportunity and use it to the best of my ability. Always will I keep the high ideals of clear A. S. A. so that whatever I do will be something I can be proud of. At this time I can think of no better statement than "I want to make the world a bit better and more beautiful because I have been in it." Dorothy F?-eund, II II.




A green, spindly-legged Freshman tripped up Cross Str~et on her high-heeled shoes. She was going to college at Ypsilanti, in hopes of meeting with new experiences and "having more fun," which latter meant joining a sorority and "going out on lots of elates." The first terminology had been given to her by some serious-minded person, whom she had never macle .any attempt to understand, and while she imagined it might mean study a little now and then , she was not thinking of studying at this early hour. Books, to her, like the possibility of becoming a teacher, were calamities that might happen to one in the far-distant future, which time usually never came . No. she was not "dumb"-nor was she unusually shallowshe simply wanted to have a good time, her kind of good time, and being an attractive freshman in spite of her legs (homely legs of one extreme or other are the obvious appendages of the majority of girls in this short-skirted era) she felt herself entitled to any good time, any young man that might look her way. And so, after consulting several upperclassmen about good rooming houses she learned that the wise girl did not choose her rooming house for its attractive exterior, nor for its cozy interior, but for its lenient landlady. She wrote in her five-cent notebook several addresses reputed for the leniency of landladies, and soon she had a room. It was not a bad room, but, if the truth must be known, I will tell you that this Freshman would have com plained in a not too gentle manner had her room 路 at home been as comfortless and shabby as this one in Ypsilanti. But, you know, our Freshman was not to be thwarthed in her hopes for a good time. Her big sister was a sorority girl (an Alpha Sigma Alpha), and this Alpha Sig was pretty enough to 路stir a feeling of admiration, as well as uneasiness and self-consciousness, because of her sorority pin, but being one of those girls who spend away their selfconsciousness in conversation, she soon found that her big sister was really a very pleasant and democt:atic person. The Freshman gradnally became more assured, and by the time she was safely escorted to the door of her ovvn house she was quite herself. For a time they lingered at the steps to talk, and our Freshman blurted



out: "Say, you know I didn't see one good-looking fellow on this campus this whole morning." The big sister arched a carefully plucked, delicate eyebrow. "That's too bad for you," she said coldly, and turning away left the Freshman standing alone, perplexed and dumbfounded. Now, I have told you that our Freshman was not lacking in intelligence, and again I want to impress you, for deep in the recesses of her misdirected mind a new thought took form. She stood for a long time watching the figure Of her big sister receding down the road, and then went into the house. The Freshman took a Secondary Education Course, English and History, and wondered frankly what Secondary Education was. She took two English Courses and one History and a Psychology, and even in her first term she heard much mention of teaching during the procedure and incorporated into the routine of the classes. The Freshman was beginning to awaken to her situation. " Little details like this," said the History Professor one day while dwelling long on the lives and customs of the certain people, " make the subject interesting for high school students. Take these down carefully in your notebook." Our friend turned her gaze from the "nice-looking young man" that had attracted her attention, and scribbled a few lines in her notebook. \iVith the details tucked under her arm she left class at ten minutes to the hour. History was a funny course in this place. " Details, oh well." Somebody approached her and a pleasant masculine voice said clown to her ear: " Don't you like that fellow for a Prof? No fooling, he makes me really interested in teaching history. vVhat are you specializing in?" It was the "nice-looking young man" she had watched during most of the hour. "English," she answered absently. "Gosh, I'd hate to teach that stuff, but--" The spindly-legged Freshman stepped forward with a stamp , her little chin set firmly. "You don't know anything about the subject," she said angrily, "there's no finer field for-for--" She stumbled for a few seconds in search of an ideal, though she did not realize that she was searching for an ideal , on which to pin her major, and then she added lamely, " English is the best subject of all to teach."



"The nice-looking young man" laughed ; the Freshman did not laugh. A new meaning had suddenly attached itself to her activities, and she was a little excited, very much baffied, and a little angry about it, but she knew that her school life had point. Before the first year of her Ypsilanti life was old the Freshmen were given a special meeting in which the rules of the college were explained, and what is more impressive, the meaning of lVI. S. ?\ . C., as a college for teacher-training, made startling clear. The little, mi sdirected Freshman, who was not " dumb" , pulled her skirts over her thin, little knees, and listened with all her ears, smiling to herself at her own ideal of school life, at her choice of a house, at her unwitting remark to the Alpha Sigma Alpha girl. "Some people are born dumb," she told herself good-natureclly, " but some borne dumb can learn. Maybe I belong to the last class." Oh, no, our F reshman did not settle clown to be an old maid school ma'am. She was far too full of life for that. She even broke th e rules for "week-night elates" a little too often, but she became interested in her work. Her spindly legs, among other things, kept her out of a sorority during the Fall rushing, but as a wiser and saner young lady she was noticed for her excellent intelligence in classes and taken into Alpha Sigma Alpha in the Spring. Her second year was still beautifully green, for Ypsi's colors are green and white, and green stands for freshne ss a nd virtue, and our friend in her development had not lost her greenness. Two important meetings formed a nucleus for her academic life of our Sophomore-the meeting for all students who were planning to do Practice Teaching, and the meeting of all Students who were graduating in the Spring. In the Practice Teaching Meeting the importance of Methods Courses for the training of teachers in their particular field s was stressed. the important course of Principles of Teaching which the Sophomore was taking at the time was explained for all its pertinence to the vocation of teaching- for its education of certain guiding principles, into the uncovering of certain phases of child activity, its observations of actual teaching in the Roosevelt High School, one of the Training High Schools of the Normal College, its discussions of class-room problems-and then the practical consummation of Principles of Teaching in Practice Teaching,



where the student actually handles in her 9wn way real human beings. The future English Teacher quaked at the thought of Practice Teaching. So much depended upon it-for the head of. the Training Department explained that often Superintendents chose their teachers on the merits of their practice teaching alone. She filled out the little yellow card given her and indicated that she would like to teach at the Lincoln Consolidated School in the country, one of Ypsilanti's training camps, in preference to Roosevelt High School, which is across the street from the Administration Building of the Normal. The next meeting had to do with the Appointment Office. The girl sat in the back row of Pease Auditorium, but she listened attentively. Three huge blanks for the Applicant's name and history were passed to each student- and a smaller blank-the three larger ones for the Superintendent, and the smaller one for the use of the Appointment Office only. Our friend was aghast at the size of the blanks, but she rolled them carefully and carried them home with a feeling that she was now really on the road to attaining a position. The next important steps were doing the teaching-attending critic meeting to hear an already full -fl edged teacher criticise the proceeding of the fledglings-and the meeting, actually meeting the Superintendent to get a job. Joyce A. Potter, MM.

WHAT SHALL I DO WHEN I LEAVE COLLEGE? We hear this question asked repeatedly by college students, but seldom is there a ready answer. It is essentially a serious question since it is to determine the lifetime occupation which makes up the happiness of an individual. And, happiness in life is, after all, our main goal. The importanc~ of choosing a vocation is realized by most students, but they are still at the age of uncertainty. They are not quite sure of themselves....:..._not sure enough to trust the future of their lives upon, perhaps, a chance whim they migl~t have. Since we have chosen S . T. C. for our A lma Mater, it only follows that we are expected to teach when we leave school. However, this is optional. At S. T. C. educational courses are stressed. The student chooses his or her major subject and is instructed in the profession of teaching that subject.



Personally, I have always known what I wanted to do . As a little girl I used to dream of the way I would swim and play tenni s when I grew up. I always liked to drink milk, eat apples, and observe all health rules in order to be strong physically, so that I might do great things some clay. Then during high school clays, when inter-high school basketball flourished, I would imagine myself coach of our team, and work out plays for them in my imaginative world. Now that the end of my college career draws nearer, the question arises, \i'i/ill I make a success of my chosen vocation? And I am wondering if this is not true in the case of many college students. Possibly they have their vocations chosen, something they would like very much to do, but, can they do it successfully? Juanita Marsh, ®®.

HOW WESTERN AIDS STUDENTS IN FITTING THEMSELVES FOR A POSITION The question which arises in the mind of nearly every student when entering college is: vVhat shall I prepare myself for? Then, a question which bothers every student when graduation is approaching is: vVhat kind of position am I going to be able to obtain ? Western is a small school and, of course, has many larger schools to compete with, but the students from here always obtain a position. This is made · possible through the Placement Bureau and the help of the different departments and teachers. Every student has a faculty advisor, generally the teacher who is at the head of the department in which the student is majoring. The advisors are always ready and willing to give suggestions. The Placement Bureau is a great help in securing positions for the students. Half the time of one man is devoted to this vvork. The students desiring a position go to him and through him may secure a position. Every effort is made to "fit the teacher for the job." Last year each student desiring a position gave two dollars towards paying some one to prepare and send out their credentials . The different departments try to keep in touch with vacancies which might be filled by students in their field. In add ition to our four-year and two-year teachers' course, we have a two-year "so-called" pre-vocational course. Many students



come here for two years of academic training in preparation for later professional work. The facu lty advisors try to guide such students in selecting courses that will be most helpful for their later work. Elizabeth Johnston, ~~. WHAT SHALL I DO WHEN I LEAVE COLLEGE? vVhen I was a youngster, in the elementary grades, my mind was f ully made up as to what I was going to do when I "grew up" - I was going to be a school teacher! Upon graduating from high school I was growing undecided as to what I should prepare for -teaching, business-what? All through college these four short years I have been groping around, trying to decide just what I should do, and still, on the eve of my graduation, I am yet more or less undecided . I am still thinking of entering the teaching profession, but, I ask myself, am I wise in choosing the teaching profession-am I able to give the knowledge that I should, to the pupils that will come to me-and there are ever so many more questions of that sort that are forever popping into my mind. Vve who attend technical schools are not faced with such a grave problem, perhaps, as those who attend schools offering a general arts education. It is necessary for us to specialize in a certain scientific branch of the vocation that we have chosen. For instance, in the Home Econom ics School we may choose the course in teachers' training, ho pita! dietetics, tea room management or house practice, all these courses requiring an apprenticeship, so that when we have completed four years of study in a prescribed course, we are trained in practical work, as well as scientific theory. But, with this question still in my mind, there is one quite definite conclusion-that one cannot be successf ul with just the material things in life, obtaining a good position and salary-there is "that something., that is the foundation of it all-my goal to "answer every call to service-aim high-seek the truth-live serenely." Sarah M. Baxter, NN.



THE NEED FOR MORE GUIDANC E IN FITTING STUDENTS FOR A VOCAT ION ''A vocational guide is one who helps other people to find themselves." Vocational guidance is the science of self-discovery. The aim of it is frequently stated, "to keep round pegs out of square holes ." Guidance of the purely social and educational type has been for a long time an unconscious function of the school. Today, vocational guidance is chiefly concerned with industry. In the past our economic resources have been so great that ventures and tryouts were almost inconsequental. A person might choose a wrong calling or make no choice at all , and still have a fair chance to make a living. Today, economic pressure is compelling specialization. The demand for more skillful workmen is upon us. The school can best solve this problem by furnishing a supplementary education, not a substitute education, because it would be worse to place every person in a mechanical路 trade than to point everyone toward an academic profession, for we know that society is endangered less by men who have aimed high and fai led because of lack of ability, than by those who suffer under what they con sider an unjust discrimination of society. The school m ust broaden not narrow the student's outlook on life. -:-\ o one can tell with certainty what every individual is best fitted to do. There will always be perso11s who must go on the economic junk heap. However, we can aim at the highest by training the student along the lines of his greatest aptitude and opportunities, so that he shall become sociall y and economically competent without waste of time or readjustments of occupation. In the accomplishm~nt of this we shall fulfill our obligation to our democracy, and, above all, to humanity, for, as Thomas Carlyle said, "Blessed is the man who has found his work; let him ask no other blessedness." M ild1'ed M elsh ei111 er, KK .

WHAT SHALL I DO WHEN I LEAVE COLLEGE? Some Guideposts On that splendid clay when " the last tr umpet shall sound" and I find myself out of coll.ege v-rith only a bit of parchment to help me find my niche in the world, what shall I do? Here I must



make a most critical decision. If I choose wrong I will lose time and courage. How shall I decide t!1e right path to take? First I will answer some questions I shall ask myself. 1. Of all the things I can do, what do I like to do best? Sing, or draw, or sew, or teach? 2. Of the things I find most pleasure in, which am I able to do best? Does my speed on the typewriter excel my abi lity as a salesman? 3. Of the thing I can do best, what particular phase is most attractive? vVould I be happier writing stories for little tots, or in producing psychological novels? vVith these questions answered honestly, I have a foundation, indeed, a good start. But there is one thing that I must remember. If I am sincere, it will not disgrace me to fail even though I have done my best. There are also some things that I must watch lest they make me stumble in the path that I have chosen. 1. Am I choosing one place simply because it offers more money? 2. Do I scorn an otherwise suitable " niche" simply because I feel that it is lowly or ''beneath" me? 3. Will I let myself be trained to my place, or will I ti-y with my new theories to revolutionize a business of long experience? Yo amount of so-called Vocational Education can answer these questions for me. l'\ o one can know what I want better than I myself. After I have become somewhat acquainted with the various kinds of work in the world, who can choose what I shall be happiest in, beside myself? 路 But, will I take time to read the guideposts? Ruth Estelle Shriver; HH.

STUDENT COUNCILS AT T. C. I. The Student Council of Teachers College of Indianapolis was organized in the school year of 1927-28, the student body being divided into seven groups, which were made accord ing to the girls' living situations. First. One or two girls in a house. Second. Three or more girls. Third. Sorority house.



Fourth. Girls from out of town. Fifth. Town girls. Sixth. Girls earning way. Seventh. Girls living in light-housekeeping rooms. A Senior and Jun ior leader was chosen by each group and these in turn elected their officers-President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer. During the year 1927-28 the chief work of the council was to receive the students who entered at the third quarter, and make them feel welcome in their new environment. A special dinner followed by an informal party was the main feature in charge of the council; while its members acted as guides throughout the buildings. This year the junior members are the senior members of this year. At the beginning of school the new students were aided by the council members in registering and getting located. In September the junior members of the council were elected by the groups and plans for a Hallowe'en Carnival were made. A Y. Vv. C. A. branch for students is being sponsored by the council. A Beau Brummel, Dramatic and Athletic Association were organized and backed by the council. Because of the power of the council in the school, students were dismissed for Thanksgiving vacation as soon as they finished their examinations. The Presidents' Council of the college is chosen by the faculty and works with the Student Council in promoting things for the benefit of the student body. Chi Chi Chapter is well represented on the Council, having three members: Katherine Haas, Margaret Dow, and Guendolyn Sherring. Harriet Polloc l~, XX.

HOW KANSAS STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE OF EMPORIA AIDS STUDENTS TO FIT THEMSELVES FOR A POSITION The Kansas State Teachers College at Emporia is just the kind of school that its name implies. It is a teachers' college with exceptionally high standards, for it is ranked second in the United States by prominent educators. Each year advances are made at



the college in order to more ably fit the needs of the students who come to study within and without its walls. ' It is best for one who wishes to become a teacher to go to a teachers' college, since teaching is the type of work in which it specializes. There are the different methods courses and the practice teaching which prove very va luable when the individual starts 路 his teaching career. Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia issues certificates upon the completion of one year, two years , and four years of training. The subj ects that individuals must take to receive these certificates are carefully selected and planned by those in authority. There are elective courses, also, that the students may choose for themselves, thus making th e work not too "cut and dried." Theref~re, the wisest possible guidance is already laid out for the student when he comes to college. As far as aiding him to decide upon the type of work he wants to take up, this teachers路 college hardly does that, but if the individual is interested in some line of work and wishes to teach it-then the E mporia Teachers Collge can amply a id him. Imoge路ne Simpson, EE. CHOOSING OUR VOC ATION

O ur vocations are purely personal matters. They are not for our parents, friends or teachers to pick out. We ourselves can tell the thing for which we are best fitted, and in which capacity we would be most useful. The most beautiful thing of today is that we can choose our own career, and do not have to follow the same occupation that our parents did. Even though th ey were a success, is no sign that we can fill just any niche in this world. 路w hile it is a fine thing to be capable and able to do everything, we all have one specia l phase that we a re most in terested in. Those people who keep on putting off their decisions, generally end up as a public nui sance, because they have no definite ob ject to prepare fo r , and never accomplish anything . Because ou r parents think that this or that calling would aid our social standing, does not mean that we are able to do it well. To fit ourselves we must have time, training, ability and a fondness fo r our chosen work, because we cannot change at a moment's notice.



Today a woman must join in the search for knowledge, because if she intends to get married she must have some means of livelihood until that time. Myself, I have chosen the teacher's profession. First, I have always liked school; second, I have substituted for teachers when they were unable to be present, and enjoyed it immensely; third, although teachers seem to be hereditary in my family, ever since I can remember, I have wanted to teach school. Some choose their work, others have it thrust upon them. We must live our lives for ourselves, so that that profession in which we can get the most pleasure, and still do the most for others, should be our choice, and will never be sorry and regret the decision, for to be pleasantly occupied, assisting others, is to be happy and successful. El-izabeth Martin, PP.

HOW KENT STATE AIDS STUDENTS TO FIT THEMSELVES FOR A POSITION Kent State Teachers College is, as you know, a school primarily for the preparation of teachers; therefore, the main courses are dealing with methods of education. Kent State does not believe that an education lies in books alone, but must be received from many different sources. To be a good teacher you must know more than methods, for the children that you will teach will ask you many questions and they'll not be concerning methods. Their interest will probably be in games and all sorts of athletics, it will be in current events going on at the time. They will want parties and various social functions during the school year. This means that you must participate in these affairs at school so you will be able to give them all these things that tend to make a good teacher. Kent State offers a student every chance for a good time as well as study. Both of these things are necessary for an all-around student . There are different athletic teams to give you a chance to grow strong. There is one of the best swimming pools in Ohio from which you can get pleasure as well as develop a strong, healthy body that you will need in your future position of school teaching.



On Friday evenings Kent State has an "All- College" dance to give every one a good time. This keeps your mental attitude bright and cheerful. During the year there is an entertainment course offered, giv ing the students a varied program of the best artists in the country. November twenty-seventh the Doris r\ il es Ball et, a group of Spanish gi rls, gave a wonderf ul program. O ur chapel periods each week include a speaker who is prominent in his own fi eld , and one that would interest the students to a great extent. Kent State has a fin e journali stic course which edits a weekly paper call ed ''The Kent Stater". Everyone enjoys this paper, for it prints the news of the affairs at school, as well as various papers w ritten by the students. T he facilities for practice teaching at Kent State are exceJient, as we have a training and hi gh school ri ght on our campus maintained and directed by the college. Kent State g ives the students fine critic teachers to superv ise their practice teaching. The students are allowed to teach one-half day with each six weeks' course besides their regular class hour, thus giv ing them a good chance for more experience. These things combined give Kent State students a splendid opportunity to fit themselves for the career of teaching.

J ean Isab el Gorham, 00. GET IT DONE It isn't th e job we inte nd to d o or The labor we've ju st begun. That puts us right on th e balance sheet, It's th e work we have rea ll y done. O ur cred it is built up on thin gs we do, Our debit on things we shirk ; The man who totals th e bigges t pl us, Is th e man who completes hi s work. Good intenti o ns do not pay bills; It's easy e nough to plan. T o wish is the play of an offic e boy, To do is th e job of a man. - V ulcall路 Bnllet-in.



ALPHA ALPHA CHAPTER The Glee Club assisted by thirty co-eds presented a musical comedy "Chauve Souris" to a large audience in Benton Hall, November 22 and 23 . The scenes depicted scenes and experiences that the organization had witnessed on their European trip this summer. The program opened with a Curtain speech by Sparky. But all of you don't know Spa rky. He's a short, heavy-set, red-haired boy with all the pep that goes with his name. This was followed by an overture of the orcestra of dance music. When the curtain a rose, before us was a scene of a deck of a ship with co-eds and their boy friends dancing in the moonlight. Next was a mixed quartet and a duet, followed by more dancing. In the second scene, the boys of the Glee Club were in an imitation bus on a sight-seeing trip in Paris. As they sang popular songs, they gazed about and jostled and bounced up and down as they hit the bumps of Paris streets . In the third scene, the whole company had arrived in a French cabaret. As they supped they were entertained by a group of dancing girls. In the next scene, the company had proceeded on their way and were climbing the Alps. Some of the boys were having difficulties and were wildly clinging to the top of th e mountains. However, the music and singing were good; even if from the top of th e Alps. The final scene was composed of a musical revue by the entire Glee Club. One number presented was "Fireflies" in which the stage was darkened and tiny lights were fla shed on and off by the boys, each of whom held a small hand flash-light. This number was considered by critics to be the best of the evening. The revue brought out much talent of the school, besides being very entertaining. One of the biggest events at Miami was the inauguration of



President Upham on October 20. At this affair our ex-President Hughes was present and gave a short address. The academic procession of faculty members in caps and gowns moved from one hall across the Campus to another hall. This procession was led by two of the University Marshals bearing the reel and white, our colors, and the Reel, White and Blue, colors of our country. In Mr. Upham's inaugural address, he earnestly pledged his services to the development of a greater Miami. Another important event on our Campus was the program of interpretive readings given by E. H. Sothern, who is well-known for his dramatic abilities. His program was prepared to contrast two of Shakespeare's great plays and the romantic drama which flourished in the early clays of this century and which still influences the stage. Included in his program were the murder scene from "Macbeth," the trial scene from the "Merchant of," and selected poems from "If I vVere King." His reading proved to be masterful and powerful, portraying to all the different and well-known characters. Our school recently spent $140,000 in obtaining a new college building. vVe bought Oxford College which was previously a School of Music for girls. It wi ll be used as a dormitory for Miami women. Plans for a two-story Colonial porch and a club lounge have been completed. When this new dormitory is ready to be occupied, a complete reorganization of all the College buildings will take place. Schools of Business, Art, etc., will be centralized in the different buildings. Since new dormitories will provide room for our pledges, we are especially interested in them. A delightful Tea Dance was given by our sorority on November 10. The "Green Owl," an attractive dansant, was decorated in colors of green and gold. Music was furnished by the peppy band of Ken Wendorf. Miss Meyers and Mrs. Smyers poured tea for the occasion. Wilma Fistne1'.

ALPHA BET A CHAPTER Alpha Beta of Alpha Sigma A lpha opened the fall rush season Tuesday, September twenty-fifth, with "A Nocturnal V isitation to the Raven's Rendezvous". The home of Dr. E. C. Grim was trans-

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for med into a ve ritable rendezvous fo r a raven. As the guests of the sorori ty approached the house, th ere was not even a gleam of light to be seen. However, upon entering the fro nt door they saw a hu ge raven perched on a stairway with a ghost holding a candle cha nti ng " N ever More", near him. F r om this place th e rushees passed through a tunn el into the "Pha ntom's Pa radise", then into a "Spider's Nest", where a mon trous spider gua rded his treasures from the center of a web. From the spider 's nest th e guests went in to see "Padora, Peruvian Palmist". The Dragon 's Den proved a happy ending, fo r there food was served in paper sacks, each sack containi ng salad placed in a hollow appl e, sandwiches, and a slice of gingerbread, cider and pickles were served, too. F rances Wood, Zelm a Foster , Dori s Karle, and F rances Ash acted as hostesses. O n ·w ed nesday night vve entertain ed with a line pa rty at th e Kennedy T hea tre, after which the party w ere guests of Yr rs. Rober t Kynock at the O lympia . T he home of D r. Fa rrin gton was the scene of a n " A. S . A . Sampler '' T hursday ni ght. A fter the pep meeting the rushees were taken to a large bonfire on the tennis courts of the Fan·ington home. D uring th e evening candy was made, ga mes were played , refreshments were served, a nd everyone seemed reluctant to leave at eleven o'cl ock. :M iss Dorothy Sens entertained the rushees of A lpha Sigma Alpha w ith a waffle break fas t at her home Saturday morning, Septembe r twenty-eighth. Small negr o doll s were used as table decora tions with negro place car ds . all of which was in keeping with the fi rst course ser ved, that of watermelon. T he second course consisted of waffles and coffee. 'vVe closed our fall ru sh season with a di nner and bri dge at the T ravelers Hotel on Saturday evening. The guests were seated at one long tabl e att rac tively decorated with candles and the so rority colors. Favors of glass bud vases were given to each rushee. A fter dinner th e guests went to the bridge room , where five tables of bri dge were played . M iss Catherine Burk received the pri ze f or hi gh score. Alpha Beta proudly a nnounces the initiati on of : R ut.h R obinson, Sturgeon, M issouri: Dorothy Dav is, :\ew Boston. M issouri : V irgini a VVeatherly. Hannibal ; Catherin e Burk, K irksv ille; Anna Merle M cCampbell, K irksv ille; Catherine R alston, Q ueen City .



Alpha Sigma Alpha held its annua l gypsy dance October twenty-fourth in the women's gymnas ium of the coll ege. The gym was decorated to represent a gypsy camp in a forest, and the result was quite realistic. Autumn leayes, branches from trees and even small trees were used in transforming the room into a forest. A canopy was stretched over one corner of the room to represent a tent and the coupl es danced in the tent and then out into the forest. Reel lanterns were arranged about the room and a tripod with a kettle was placed over a most natural looking campfire. Cider was served from the kettle, tincups being used. An artificial moon shone from another corner of the room , and this light with that of the reel lanterns cast over the fore st and dancers was decidedly suggestive of the open campfire. There were several feature dances, including a circle, a confetti and serpentine dance, and a novelty card dance. Several alumm:e we re present, namely, Emma Self, Dorothy Sens, Margaret Johnson, Mi ldred Dav is, Martha Bell e Dickerson, Vera Hickman, \ iVancla Murdock, Mrs. Jesse 路w imp. Alpha Beta held its thirteenth annual Founders Day banquet at the Travelers Hotel, Tuesday, November thirteenth. The program was: Toastmistress, Frances Ash; Welcome, Mary Frances Karle; A Sponsors Idea, Miss Hook: Solo, Ruth Larrimore; A Patroness, Mrs. McCahan; A l\ew Girl's Idea, Ruth Robinson. Besides the active chapter, those present were Mrs. George Laughlin, Mrs. M. D. Campbell, Mrs. \iV. P. Bondurant, lVIrs. Lena l\ orris and l\Irs. H . C. McCahan. Mildred Ca.rpenter. Martha Burke, an a lumn:e, has accepted a position at \Vashington School, filling the vacancy of Charity Griffin, who accepted a position in St. Louis. Zelma Foster and Ruth Rob inson were g uests at dinner of Zeta Zeta chapter at \1\Ta rrensburg on October, nin eteenth. Zelma and Ruth represented Alpha Sigma Alpha on the girls' pep sq uad, which went with the team to Warrensburg. They r eport that Zeta Zeta has a wonderfu l group of genuine Alpha Sigs and that they were roya lly en tertained. Esther Attebery was th e guest of Eta Eta chapter at Pittsburg, Kansas, on October twenty-second. She a lso reported a delig htful vis it with our sisters there. Alpha Beta wishes to exp r ess her sympathy to Miss Hook, whose mother has recently died. Miss Louise Coder, our chapter president last summ er, is confined in a hospital here following an operati on for appendicitis. She is recovering rapidly and will soo n be able to leave the hospital.



On vVeclnesday, September the tw elfth, occur red the marriage of Hertha Gertrnde Cornish to Mr. Vv'illiam Sager Ficks. Alpha Beta alumni extend best wishes. Her address is Manila, Philippine Islands.

ALPHA GAMMA CHAPTER Since the opening of school Alpha Gamma has been like a small dog after its tail! There seems to be no end to the quantity of things we do. Ie began with the Panhellic tea dance for the Freshmen girls, which was held at Hallowe'en. vVhat fun! It was one of the nicest things we've ever given and, what's nicer yet, it's to be an annual affair. "Rec" Hall looked very autumnal with its flickering candles, tall branches of maple leaves with colored lights playing effectively upon them, and black cats and blacker witches stalking over the draperies. Naturally we danced a great deal and, as ~e danced, we grew acquainted with the younger girls, many of whom will, no doubt, carry out the aims of the various sororities on the campus in the future. Then refreshments were served--te~, dainty little cakes, and mints. Each sorority had a table over which presided a member of the chapter. Violet Ralston was chosen to pour at the Alpha Sig table . The Freshmen certainly had a lovely afternoon's entertainment, and we enjoyed it just as much . We're all looking forward to th e tea dance next year. Alpha Gamma has two new pledges from the upper classmen. Betty Clawson is our Senior girl-a girl with a great deal of charm and no end of ability. Jean Beers, who is a Junior, is a peppy addition to our number. And you should hear her read! The . girls were given the R ibbon Service on November seventh in the Y. Vv. C. A. room. The following week was devoted to their initiation. Perhaps we shouldn't tell this, but it's altogether too good to keep: Jean and Betty were required by their relentless sisters to cook Miss Belden's dinner at her apartment. Miss Belden reports that they produced satisfactory results of the culinary art and the girls told us it was "heaps of fun!" Vve gave several rushing parties before we decided upon Betty and Jean. One of our loveliest parties was a dinner at a nearby tea room. Everything was informal, giving us a fine opportunity to really get acquainted with our guests. Afterwards Miss Belden



invited us down to the apartment, where we spent th e rest of the evening singing songs and playing whatever games struck our fancy . Founders' Day was observed with a banquet also. This was held at eight o'clock at the Rose tea room, November seventeenth. The dinner, of course, was all that could be desired. The table was decorated in the sorority colors, reel and white. Reel and 路w hite carnations were used as the center piece and were also given as favors. After the dinner a p~ogram consisting of so rority songs, toasts, and remarks from our pledges completed the evening. Besides t he patronesses, M rs. H. B. ~' ea l and M iss F lorence \ t\Tallace, the wife of our principal, Mrs . C. R. Foster, and our Dean of vVomen. M iss Hope Ste wart, were present. V irginia Kinney and Burdell a Nease, student teachers in B lairsv ille and J ohnstO\~n, returned for the banquet. In the excitement of getting ready for vacatio n A. S. A. did not neglect to do its bit of social service. \1\Ted nesclay afternoon, November t wenty -first, we hiked out to the County Home and spent a few hours cheering the old people. 'vVe took with us enough doughnuts for 148 people and twice as much good will. The entertainment consisted of the old-time songs and a reading. Josep hine Buchanan.

BET A BET A CHAPTER O nly a few mo re clays until Christmas vacation! It doesn't seem possible that one qua rter is nearly over. But it has certainly been a busy quarter for Beta Beta gi rl s. Have I told you about our eight pledges? \1\Te are so proud of them. T h ey a re : Volene Doubl eday, of Deertrail, Co lorado; Elizabeth Foote, Denver, Colorado; Bernice Ud ick, Alamosa, Colorado; Josephine 'vVaterhouse, Maurine Schmitt, Gretchen Mathews and Gertrude Strickland of Greeley, Colorado; and Jean N ichol son . They have been the best of pledges and I'm sure they'll make splendid Alpha Sigs. Since we had so few active members returning this year we can have quite a few more pledges to fill our membership and we're giv in g serious thought to formal rush week of Freshmen, which comes in January. Due to a new Panhellenic rulin g this year we were allowed to ru sh only upperclassmen the first quarter



in order to give the Freshmen a better chance to adjust themselves to the college. There are a lot of charming Freshmen girls and we are hoping to secure some of the best of them for Alpha Sigma Alpha. V.fe have thought about having some kind of a winter party for our formal rush party, but no definite plans have been made as yet. Many noted people come to our campus every year to address the students. This year we were fortunate in having Mrs . Grace Overton 路w ith us again. She is a charming woman whose influence is felt wherever she goes. It was our pleasure and honor to give a tea at the chapter house in her honor while she was here. November tenth, Homecoming Day, was a busy, thrilling time for all of us. We were very glad to have so many of our alumn;:e back with us again. The ones returning included: Nadene Giffee, who is teaching at Hotchkiss; Polly Smelser Schlosser, Denver, Colorado; Louise Bennett and Barbara Oxley, Erie, Colorado; Marie Lewis, Cokeclale, Colorado; Grace McKinney, Yuma, Colorado; Jackie Baker, Sterling, Colorado; Mary-Lou Brown, Buckingham, Colorado; and Perl Leninger. That clay our football team played Denver University, and although the final score was 21 -11 in Denver's favor, it was a close, thrilling game and we were proud of our team. Everyone had a wonderful time at the big Homecoming Dance in the College Gymnasium Saturday night. Then on Sunday morning we gave a breakfast at Angell's Tea Rooms in honor of our alumn<:e. The appointments were in green and gold and a huge Welcome Home Alumn;:e banner aclclecl much to the occasion . On November twenty- fourth our pledges entertained the actives and alumn;:e at an informal dance. The Pledge Dance is an annual event which we always eagerly look 'forward to as being one of our best social functions of the year. This year was no exception. The Training School Gymnasium -vvas beautifully decorated with palms and the sorority colors for the occasion. Peppy music was furnished by ] ohnny Roberts and his orchestra, who played on a tour through the Orient last summer. And last in our list of social events was my own "little surprise" for the girls. On November twenty-seventh I entertained all of the girls at a bridge party at the chapter house. As refreshments were being served small white and gold envelopes tied with a gold wishbone appeared announcing my marriage to Bryce K.



Newell of Denver, which will take place on December twentysixth. However, Bryce has two more quarters for his degree, so we are both going on to school. My new address will be 1016 Fifteenth Street, Greeley. Everyone is working hard trying to bring up our scholastic average and win the cup back. And we are not lacking in scholas- . tic honors-Maurine Schmitt, one of our pledges, was recently initiated into Alpha Gamma Phi, the national honorary art fraternity. GeTtntde H anted. In Memoriam Margaret Crawford McDonald of Beta Beta died on October 19, 1928.


Since the last news letter Gamma Gamma has gone through two rushing periods and have been lucky in securing eleven splendid girls who will become f ull-fleclgecl A. S . A .'s before the Christmas holidays come. The ex-collegia chapter entertained the college chapter and its new pledges at a most delightful Hallowe'en party. The spacious new home of Mrs . 'vV. 'vV. Starr was a most wonderful place to have the party. Everything possible was clone in decoration to make it truly "spooky" and so lovely. The various. games kept all in the season's mood. The refreshments carried out the Hallowe'en ideas. Homecoming and Founders' Day happened to meet this year. It gave the ex-collegia girls who are teaching an opportunity to attend and to enjoy meeting with us. The celebration took the form of a delightful breakfast at the Bell Hotel. Forty A. S. A.'s sat clown to the perfectly appointed table and enjoyed the feast of good things, both physical and spiritual. Elizabeth Green, president of Gamma Gamma, was toastmistress. The program was carried out as follows: The sorority pledges, Lolita Higdon; the sorority initiate, Sadie Chew; the sorority alumme, Edith Heaton Johnson; the sorority patroness, . Mrs . Mauntel. lone Clark responded to the speech of welcome from the chapter to the alumnce. 'vVe of Gamma Gamma have been very busy having a regular house cleaning in our room. We have it newly papered, with new



shades and draperies to the windows, and new upholstering for the rockers. Everything is so nice and so attractive that we wish to keep open house all the time. The Gamma Gamma pledges are: Dolores Ball, 921 Fourth Street, A lva; Virginia Bowyer, Southard, Okla.; Mabel Chew, 829 Church Street, Alva; Edna Donley, 1103 Church Street, Alva; Lollta H igdon, 823 Fourth Street, Alva; E leanor Houts, 815 Locust Street, Alva; Marie Lamders, Guymon, Okla. ; Gladys Reed, Buffalo, Okla.; Nellie Ro lli ns, Pond Creek, Okla. ; Ruby Rollins, Pond Creek, Okla. ; Pearl Sonderup, 203 Barnes, Okla. Margaret Wallace. Gamma Gamma is sympathizing with its ex-collegio secretary. Louella Harzman ove r the death of her father. Miss Anna B. Fisher, a patroness of Gamma Gamma and acting head of the biology department, will give an address befo re the Oklahoma State Association of Scientist, November路 twenty-ninth, at Stillwater, Oklahoma. Mrs. Homer Ball, National Treas urer of Sigma Sigma, was a guest of her brother, out路 president, VI/. W. Parker, and family for several weeks. It was ou r good fortune to have her address the Panhell enic at its regular meet ing.

EPSILON EPSILON CHAPTER l\Iargaret Coss, of Peabody, is a new pledge of Epsilon Epsi lon. Our pledges, instead of giving us a pledge party, collected the money they would have spent on a party and gave it to us to help pay for a new orthophonic. Vve now have a lasting pleasure in place of the more transitory one of a party, and we certainly are enjoying it to the fullest extent. Town girls and house girls had dinner together at the house to celebrate Founders' Day. After dinner, Miss Strouse told us some of the history of Alpha Sigma Alpha on this campus and the pledges presented a very humorous program. The annual Turkey Day game between K. S. T. C. and C. of E., our local rival, didn't turn out so well for us this year. However, since we won last year and since we have high aspirations for next year, we don't feel too badly about this year's game. Students at K. S. T. C. were exceedingly fortunate in having had an opportunity to hear E. H. Sothern in recital here, November twenty-seventh, in Albert Taylor Hall. He dramatized the murder scene from "l\tfacbeth", the trial scene from the "Merchant of Venice", and several poems from "If I VI/ere King."



The Homecoming game was played November ninth. Every year at this time all the sororities and fraternities on the campus decorate their houses, carrying out the idea of Homecoming and using anything pertaining to football in their decorations. K S. T. C. took a special train to Kansas City, November seventeenth, where we played Kirksvi ll e Teachers College on Rockhurst Field in a literal sea of mud. Between 400 and 500 students and townspeople went up for the game. Ruth Nation. ZETA ZETA CHAPTER Zeta Zeta's main points of interest have been looking up and getting acquainted with eligible girls, preparations for our annual bazaar, final examinations and thoughts of home during the Thanksgiving vacation. Vve are all back now, ready to begin a new quarter. Our bazaar is December seventh, and each mail brings us loads and loads of packages. It looks almost as if Christmas hac\ come several weeks in advance, but the more that come the happier we are because we have high hopes for our bazaar this year. Each year it has increased in size and lucrative returns, and we feel that this year will be our most successful year. Our rush parties fall on December thirteenth and December fifteenth. Our plans are for delightful parties and we hope that in the next PHOENIX we can tell all about the parties and we also hope that we can give the names of many, many pledges. Since this is our last chat with our sister chapters until after the new year, Zeta Zeta sends best wishes for a happy and most profitable New Year. ETnestine Thomson. Weddings Helen Schondelmaier to John Harris, Jr., October twenty-first, at Fulton, Missouri, and are now li ving at Houstonia, Missouri. Mabel Helen Lobban married Marion S. Zachary in Kansas City, Misso uri , on Saturday, October sixth, 1928. They now live at 114 \illest North Street.

Births Elbert Robert, born to Mr. and Mrs. Roy \iVarnick (nee Ethel Cordry) on November nineteenth, 1928.



ETA ETA CHAPTER Come Chat With Eta Eta for a Moment, Won't You? Hello, dear sisters! Get a chair and let's talk. Are you all tuned in to hear the news? Eta Eta has some worth listening to! Panhellenic set the date of Rush vVeek for October twelfth and thirteenth. Our rush programs, entirely hand-made, had covers painted in modernistic design. Eta Eta always opens Rush Week with a Chrysanthemum Tea, which was given this year at the home of one of our new patronesses, Mrs. Kenneth Spencer. Everything was beautifully decorated with chrysanthemums, each guest receiving a big yellow blossom as a favor. Since the theme throughout was modernistic, our next party was a French Artist's Studio. As hostess, each Alpha came dressed in artist's smock and tam . Small palettes of cardboard and paper easels were used to draw upon, the girl drawing the best picture from the single original line being proclaimed the new Raphael. Our art included sculpture, too, and another rushee was awarded for carving a clever silhouette upon a cake of soap, using a pointed stick for a tool. Everything was made to look like a studio, even to the favors, which were artistic china statues of Pierrot and Pierrette for paperweights. Doesn't "Cubist Art" sound thrillingly modern to you? That is why we called our Saturday morriing party a Cubist Art Breakfast . The decorations were splashed about everywhere, quite "cubistically", you know! One alumna and one active served the meal buffet style. vVhite crepe de chine handkerchiefs, handpainted in modernistic pattern, were the favors . Everybody had so much fun that it was even hard to say no when Helen's fluffy biscuits came around for the seventeenth time! Of course, everybody knows about gay Bohemia- at least, people always say it's gay, so 路we made our Bohemian BridgeLuncheon as "Bohemiany" as possible. And wasn't it gay! Alumn<:e who hadn't come back to a party for years came trooping back to "Bohemia." F uturistic talley-cards served as place cards also. An orchestra of A lpha Sigs played throughout the luncheon. At bridge, the rushee winning high score received a striking modernistic necklace in red and green.



The climax of Rush Week came with the formal dinner-dance at the Besse Hotel. Of course, each rushee was escorted to every party by some of the actives . Each guest received, before the dinner, a corsage of roses. The candle-lit tables were arranged in an oval about the central space, overhung with brilliantly colored tent tapestry, where the girls danced. An orchestra played before an oriental screen, completing the charm of the Arabian Room. Dinner favors were dear little suede purses in all colors, trimmed with gold beads and bearing the symbols A~A in gold. After this dinner the chapter met immediately to vote upon the rushees . This done, we spent the last few minutes before midnight, the beginning of Silence vVeek, in serenading our "prospective Alpha Sigs." vVe were all terrifically thrilled and proud to have Donna Burr, Pittsburg; Avys Rae, Taylor, Texas; Dorothy Laney, Pittsburg; Margaret Franks, Joplin, and Mary :i\ 1argaret Foresman, ::\feosho, pledge themselves to Alpha Sigma Alpha. Every one is a real girl. Eta Eta's celebration for Founders' Day was a lovely party given by the pledges. The affair was a dance given on the third fl oor of the magnificent home of one of our patronesses. There were also several tables of cards. One extra dance was especially clever. A large paper turkey obligingly yielded his tail feathers to the men, each feather bearing the name of his next partner. The pledges worked hard and planned nicely for this party, and certainly made us proud of them. Eta Eta is going to have an Initiation Tea for her two new patronesses immediately after Thanksgiving vacation. Also we are planning ahead for our fall dance, which is to be a formal on New Year's. Surprises have come "in battalions" for us lately. Three of our girls were married this year, without telling us until the great event was sa fely past . lone Jackson has become Mrs . Donald Moore; Irene Morris, M rs. Clarence Wilson; and Golda La Rue. Mrs. Lloyd Lyon. They are all very happy, and indeed we almost love their hu sbands ourselves! \iVell, as one girl pu路t it-" I wish these fellows were girls, so they could be Alphas, too." Alpha Sigma Alpha had the fir st house opening on the campus of K. S. T. C. this year. Eta Eta has been well represented in college dramatics, having three members in the last Arden play given last year and three in



the one given this year, besides having one of her girls as student director of the play. One of the chapter n1embers of Eta Eta has a quilt, the middle block of which bears the words, A lpha Sigma Alpha, and every other block bearing the name of some girl in the chapter, written in that girl's own particular handwriting, and embroidered by the owner. It is the first sorority quilt we ever heard about, and IS truly "Alpha Sig !" Ruth Estelle Shriver.

Weddings All Alpha Sigs are loveable, but two of them especially seemed to be, for the two cousins, l one Jacks on and Irene Mortis were married within two days of each other. l one became Mrs. Donald Moore on September twenty-seventh, at Columbus, Kansas. Irene was married to Clarence vVilson on September twenty-ninth, also at Columbus. Mr. and Mrs. Moore are living here at Pittsburg at 7070 North 路walnut, and Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are in Pittsburg at 302 South Locust.

THETA THETA CHAPTER The Japanese Party was held on October seventeenth at Mrs. Martin's home. The decorations were most appropriate and were beautifully clone. The staircase, door openings and mantel were hidden by laurel, ferns and asparagus, vvhile the rooms were decorated with wisteria, Japanese ian terns and balloons . Dinner was served to the guests seated on the floor and the menu and service were distinctly Japanese. Drinking broth was somewhat of a novelty, while the chopsticks provided no end of amusement. 'vVe were much indebted both to l\frs. Martin, who did so much in arranging for the party, and to the ex-collegia girls who cooked and served the dinner. The Pledge Service was held at Mrs. Martin's on election night. With the kind assistance of several of the ex-collegia members the following girls were pledged by Theta Theta chapter: Glasson, Glenna M., 12 High Street, Proctor, Vermont. Johnson , Jeanette S ., Appleton, Maine. Mellen, Ida P., 650 Stevens Street, Lowell, Massachusetts. Morey, Julia M., Oneonta, New York. Smith, Laura J., 183 North Prospect Street, Kent, Ohio. Bean, Vivian A., East Jeffery, New Hampshire. Butterfield, Lois J ., East Dixfield, l\!Iaine. Swan, Ida M ., Ramah, Colorado .



The Fo unders' Day Banquet and Initiation was held on F riday evening, November sixteenth. About twenty-five Theta Theta girls gathered at the 路w estminster Hotel for the banquet. The appointments at the banquet were all that could be desired and the talks were of great interest to everybody. The tables were decorated with two large baskets of chrysanthemums and there were dainty corsages of small white chrysanthemums tied with crimson for 路the pledges. After the banquet, all ad journed to M rs. Martin's, where th e initiation service \>.;as held. The service was even more impressive than usual , due partly to the startling beauty of th e setting. Dazzling white walls banded with gold, stately silver candlesticks with their flickering candles, and the shining star ove r the altar made it seem almost ethereal in its loveliness. We we re g lad to have with us nineteen ex-coll egia people, who came either fat' the banquet or the service. O n the Tuesday foll owing the initiation we held a business meeting and in stallation of officers at M rs. l\iartin's. This fall the footba ll games have provided th e girls with an excellent opportunity for getting together several Saturdays, a group of Theta Theta members has assembled, lunched togeth er and then attended the Boston U niversity games at the new N ickerson F ield at Riverside. The following members of Alpha Sigma A lpha are also members of the honorary sorority in the School of Education: Julia M. l\lorey. Jeanette S . Johnson. Polly Ki lburn. Dorothy L. Bixby. Dorothy Bixby.

IOTA IOTA CHAPTER On Monday night, October fifteenth, Iota Iota had a party for a group of rushees . It was nicely served by the pledges. On F riday night of the same week a wi ener roast was held in the ya rd of our chapter house. Of course the pledges very eagerly raked the lawn for the event. This was our Homecoming week. a~d we decorated our house for the week-end. T he idea ca rri ed out was that of the fox and the crane fab le. Drake was the crane, which with its long neck was able to drink out of the vase of water "Victory." Grinnell , as the Fox could not reach up and had to



sit by and watch, thirstily. We are very proud to say that our house received first place and we are the owners of a beautiful loving cup. After our wiener roast we all went to the Circus. The Circus consists of various acts put on by fraternities of Drake. Following this a huge bonfire and Pep Meeting was held on West campus, after which the "Robe de Nuit" parade marched downtown and stopped traffic. Vve "rushed" various theaters and ended our party by dancing at the Cotillion. ' Saturday morning we witnessed the parade of sorority and fraternity floats. In the afternoon a Sunlight Dance was given in Younkers Tea Room. Later in the afternoon the annual Barbecue was held followed by the "Barbecue Hop." The climax of the whole range of activities came in our night game with Grinnell. Drake won nineteen to six. The actives of Iota Iota gave a Hallowe'en dance in honor of the pledges on Saturday, October 27. Mrs . A . Fordyce, Mrs. F. H. McCormick and Mr. and Mrs. R. K. Shawhan were our honored guests. We celebrated Founder's Day on Monday, November 18 with our Ex-Collegia Chapter. Our banquet was held at Younker's Tea Room. On Monday night, October 8, we pledged: Dorothy Dennis, Dexter, Iowa; Janet Fordyce, Guthrie Center, Iowa; Doris Milligan, Johnston, Iowa; Ardus Piper, Dexter, Iowa; Ruth Mcintire, Pocahontas, Iowa; Bernese lVIasker, Gravity, Iowa; Eula Fisher, Mount Ayr, Iowa. A few weeks later, we had pledging for: Velma Jordan, Guthrie Center, Iowa; Pauline Rittgers, Grimes, Iowa; Frances Arney, Des Moines, Iowa. Doris Hubbard received first place with a vocal solo in the Atwater Kent Radio contest held at Ames. Doris Milligan has been selected to play the part of Mrs. Sharp, a shrewish landlady, in "The Passing of the Third Floor Back." It is an all-school presentation, sponsored by the Garrick Club, and will be presented December 18 and 19. Several of our girls are in the "Peps," the Drake girl's cheering organization. They are Dorothy Dennis, Janet Fordyce, Doris East, and Velma J orclan. The girls are dressed alike, wearing blue and white caps, white jackets, blue skirts, and white hose. Alice Eck.



KAPPA KAPPA CHAPTER . A utumn passes regretfully, and winter comes upon us! The colorful Indian summer days furnished an appropriate background fo r the new Temple University Stadium .activities. The crisp fall weather found our bowl filled with enthusiastic rooters cheering on a valiant football team . Temple has never had a more successful football season. Nine games were played. In six, the cherry and white emerged victorious, two games ended in ties, and on one drear occasion the team tasted defeat by a 10-7 score. The final game on Thanksgiving Day at Bucknell University was witnessed by the largest band of rooters, several thousands, that ever viewed a battle away from the college field. After a terrific fight, Bucknell tied the 7-0 lead which Temple had maintained until the last two minutes of play. The dedication exercises for the stadi um were held October thirteenth . Addresses were made by Mayor Mackey of Philadelphia, and President Be.ury. Charles Erny, donor of the bowl, presented the gold key to the stadium to Dr. Beury, and the senior class presented a silk flag to be flown from one of the towers. The exercises, as well as the game with Western Maryland which followed, were broadcast to thousands. The stadium is just one evidence of Temple's growth. A more recent ceremony depicting the rapid expansion of the University was the laying of the cornerstone for the new twelve-story unit. The program occurred on November fourteenth. Dr. Carnell, associate president, laid the cornerstone, and Dr. Kenneth Matheson, president of Drexel Institute, delivered the address . Mayor Mackey also spoke at the services. This unit is expected to be ready for classroom occupancy by February. As this section already towers into the sky, all are wondering how the twentythree story unit, the next addition, will look rearing above Broad Street. Another way in which the University has recently come into the public view has been through the efforts of its debating team . This team, consisting of two boys and a girl, recently won a decision over Oxford University of England, when it defeated the Oxford debaters before an audience of approximately a thousand. Yet another singular honor was bestowed by the French Government, when one of the University professors, Andre F . Ber-



thier, was decorated with the medal of Officer cl' Acaclemie. Rene Weiler, French Consul, made the presentation. 路 President Beury received a new honor from Lafayette, when on that institution's Founders' Day, he was given the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. The fall clays were also the scenes of social functions at the Gniversity. The University Reception, October sixth, was a brilliant affair, attended by the vast majority of the student body, who were welcomed by the President, Associate President and Deans of the various schools. October also witnessed the tenth annual formal dormitory dance, and second f?rmal student house girls' dance. Both were attended by over a hundred couples, and were gay, colorful events. Hallowe'en was celebrated by "open house" in the dorms. Fraternities on the campus were extended invitations and the merrymakers greatly enjoyed the gala festivities. The decorations lent a real air of mystery to the occasion, with witches, ghosts, and goblins filling every corner. Sorority, too, had a busy month. On October second we gave the pledging degree to Helyn Brookhart and Dorothy Cardwell, who had been given the ribbon service before the close of school last June. A rush party for upperclass girls was held October thirteen. This party was held in the sorority room. A delicious buffet luncheon was served. That the party was a success was proven by the fact that both rushees , ::VIae Jacobs and Sara McCul- . Iough, accepted the bids Alpha Sigma Alpha extended to them. O n October twenty-eighth these girls took their first service. At its conclusion , the active chapter attended church at the Baptist Temple. October thirtieth Evelyn Aiken and Betty Vanzandt. who had the ribbon service last spring were pledged with ::\1ae and Sara. Quite the most important event in ~ovember for the University and Kappa Kappa was "Homecoming \iVeek-end", November sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth. That was alumnce week-end for the Alpha Sigs. Friday night, the Philadelphia City Association held a meeting, and then the alumnce journeyed to the Majestic Hotel, where department reunions took place, and a Shubert Concert was rendered by the Glee Club. Saturday morning, at sunrise, initiation ceremonies were conducted for Evelyn Aiken, Helyn Brookhart, Dorothy Cardwell, Sara McCullough, Mae Jacobs, and



Betty Vanzandt. E ight alumn;e attended this service. A breakfast followed, at which Helen Shultz greeted the new members and visiting alumn<e. Jun e Smith, our former president, also addressed the group. It was a delightful breakfast, with green and gold candles refl ecting the happy, smiling faces of the girls . A surpri se feature was the singing of "Staunch and True" by the seven girls who had sung the same selection at their initiation two years previous. After the breakfast, a Lancaster City Association was formed, with Mary \Nilson, president; V irginia Hoffman, vicepresident; Olive Wirth, secretary, and F reicla Bunting, treasurer. Alumn<e continued to arrive and in the afternoon the group attended the f ootball game. Great admiration was expressed for the magnificent new stadium by the alumn<e, who were getting their first view of the bowl. The climax of the sorority events was the A lumn<e Banquet at the vVarburton House. Twenty-five alumn;e and four active Alpha S igs were in attendance. It was gratifying to note that the seven graduates of 1928 were all present. Helen Shultz, president of Kappa Kappa, welcomed the alumn<e and presented a token of regard to Mrs. Irene "Parker Todd for her faithÂŁ ul services in alumn<e work. June Smith, former president, spoke on the work of the Sorority State S uperviso rs, and the 1930 Convention. M ildredlVIelsheimer, Corresponding Secretary , told about the meeting of the National Counci l last summer and the changes in the :\1anual. A nother active member gave a brief talk on "What the Alumn <e Means to Us." Follow ing the addresses, there was a business meeting. Irene Parker "Todd was again re-elected Excollegia Secretary. The alumn<e then attended the alumn<e dance at the E lks Club. Sunday was spent in inf ormal chats and visits . At the cl ose of the clay we regretf ully bid adieu to our visiting sisters and urged them to hurry back again to visit the chapter. Other sorority activities for November included a card party for N u N u chapter of Drexel, at which time we celeb rated Founders' Day. Just before the Thanksgiving holidays we had a party at which a patroness, :\1iss Peabody, gave us an enj oyable talk on a summer's trip to E urope. Songs, and piano selections by Sara McCullough, were a part of the program. Refreshments brought the social evenin g to a delightful close.



Our room has taken on a new home-like atmosphere. Several needed changes were made and a beautiful new rug has just been secured with the money which was sent us for a Christmas gift by our Mother-Patroness Association last year. December will be another active month for Kappa Kappa, with plans already under way for a Christmas Danee for our new initiates, a Christmas Party, and the Panhellenic Tea for the freshmen. Anne Willaner. June Smith and Mary \iVi lso n surprised Kappa Kappa Chapter with a visit the week-end of October twelfth. They attended the ru sh party for th e upperclassmen Friday evening, and the Dedication Exercises of the T emple Stadium at the Temple-Western Maryland game the following afternoon. Margaret Eby has accepted a position in the health education department a t Steelton, Pa. Betty Little, Frances Shirley, H elen Witmeyer, and Barbara Gish have spent week-ends at Temple visiting their sisters. H elen Corey, who is taking courses at Temple this semester, fr equ ently drops in at the dorms for a chat with Kappa Kappa girls.

Weddings ] osephine Sullivan-Theodore Leon Reimel, October twenty-seventh, 1928, at Villanova College Chapel, Villanova, Pa. At home after December first, Gorgas Court, 111 East Gorgas Lane, Germantown, Pa.

MU MU CHAPTER The passing of a busy rushing season has just been completed, and the dawn of another season with activities just as plentiful as the preceding one is before us. vVe, the Mu Mu chapter, are very glad to portray our events and happenings to all other chapters, because in return we receive all the news from various other chapters. vVe are as a very large family that assembles at Christmas time, gathering around a huge Christmas tree and exchanging thoughts, plans, and ideas as well as lovely gifts. Now may I grow a bit reminiscent as pleasant happenings of the past are recalled . Our first rushing party of the season was held at the home of our patroness, Mrs. Guy Kennedy, on a lovely Saturday evening in October. The house was temporarily transformed into a hotel. It was a delightful scene. The invitations that were sent out were in the form of railroad tickets, that pro-



vided transportation to the Alpha Sigma Alpha Hotel, and reservations at the hotel. The cars which called for the rushees were changed into t_a xis, each one accompanied by a footman from the hotel. \iVhen the guests arrived, they registered at the desk (putting their name and year of graduation), then they received bronze keys tied with the Sorority colors, red and white (these ·w ere the favors). A bellhop escorted them upstairs to a room where two maids assisted them in removing their wraps . In the lounge and ball rooms the guests were entertained. Signs called to their attention the fire escape (fire place) and various exits. Refreshments were served in the Alpha Sigma Alpha Coffee Shop. Later the guests checked out, return passag·e having been provided. The final rushing party for the Mu lVIu Chapter and their guests was a one o'clock luncheon held at the Silvan Estates Country Club located near Chelsea. This is a cozy spot situated on a hilltop . The clubhouse is very homelike, and a mecca of fireplaces adorn the house and create that homelike atmosphere. The favors which indicated to the .girls their places at the tables were corsages of yellow and white baby mums. Following the luncheon the guests were entertained by a short musical program and dancing followed. The faculty adviser and patronesses present at this party were Miss Bauch, Mrs. Guy Kennedy, Mrs. McLane and Mrs. Harry Smith. The completion of the busy rushing season came with the night of pin pledging when the new sisters-to-be took the vows of Alpha Sigma Alpha. This was held on Thursday evening, ?\Tovember fifteenth, at eight o'clock, at the Sorority house. At this time six pledges took the Sorority vows. The President, Florence Baylor, and Advisor, Miss Bauch, presided at the meeting. The girls who received pledge pins were Emma Hartung of l\1t. Clemens, Emma Louise Hopkins of Marshall, .Naomi J. Huston of Plymouth, Theone Simmonds of Ypsilanti, Mattie Streit of lVIt. Clemens, and Bertha Zych of Clarkston . Members and guests of Alpha Sigma Alpha Sorority celebrated "Founders' Day" on Monday evening, November twenty-sixth, at the home of Mrs. McLane, a patroness. The evening's events were opened by the Sorority song, "Zeal Afire Hearts Aglow". This \vas followed by a greeting from Florence Bayler, the Sorority President. Participants in the program included the following: •



Miss McCricket-The Life of Mrs. Roberts ( author of the Zeta Tau Alpha Sorority Ritual ). Mrs. Sabourine-The History of Zeta Tau Alpha and Some Interesting Facts Concerning the Old Local Sorority. :Mrs . Smith-The Social Lif e of A lpha Sigma Alpha. Joyce Potter-The P resent Plans for Our Program Meetings. Miss McCrickett was a Senior Patroness of the Ze:a Tau Alpha Sorority (the Sorority's local name previous to its becomi11g national ). Miss McCricket related many interesting facts concerning the Sorority, and the girls in the Sorority at present have much valuable source material to work out, and to work on for the future. Refreshments were served following the program, and the remaining part of the evening was spent as a social one, until th e hour of departure arrived. hme S chwalnt. Gues ts at the final rusnmg party of the Mu Mu Chapter of Alpha Sigma A lpha were: Lucille Kuncle of Mt. Clemens, Loi-s Guy of Eaton Rapids, Mari on Eva n s of Hudson, Katherine \ i\ lilcox of Flint. The faculty a dvise r a nd patronesses present were: Mi ss Bauch, Mrs. Guy Kennedy, Mrs. McLane, Mrs. Harry Smith. The new siste rs- t o-be of Alpha Sigma Alpha receiving pl edge pins November fift eenth at 路 the sorority house we re: E mma Hartung of Mt. Clemens, Emma Louise Hopkins of Marshal'l, Theone Simmonds of Yysilanti , Mattie Streit of Mt. Cleme ns, and Bertha Zych of Clarkston, Mich. The Mu Mu Chapter of Alpha Sigma Alpha has selec ted February sixteenth as the elate for their formal pa rty. It is to be held at the Masonic Temple at Yysilanti. Th e \N omen's League standing co mmittee for the yea r 1928-1929 of the Michigan State Normal Coll ege has chose n an Alpha Sig, in the person of R owena Farwell of D etr oit, to act as chairman of the Program Committee. Miss Bauch, th e faculty adviser of Mu Mu Chapter of Alpha S ig ma Alpha, spoke at the openin g program of the Travel Club for th e Senior women of th e college. The purpose of this organization is to acquaint the members, who have not had the opportunity to travel with the experience o f th ose who have been in foreig n countries. Miss Bauch, o f the H ome Economics department, told the members th e cost of a s ix weeks' trip ab road, and explained the methods of saving money for th e trip. Various teachers fr om oth er depa rtments ex plained other detailed meth ods of travel. The Alpha Sig girls of Mu Mu Chapter have donated a scholarship fund of $500 to th e College Loan Fund, a new o rganization o n the campus . The scholarship was started by the Zeta Tau Al路p ha girls, and the Alpha Sigma Alpha girls hope to attain the $1,000 mark by the end of the year.




NU NU CHAPTER In accordance with the annual custom, Nu Nu Chapter gave the first tea dance of the season at Drexel Institute, on October thirtyfirst, in the gymnasium. Under the management of -:\ifyrta Probasco, the affair vvas a decided success. The decorations were in keeping with the spirit of the day-Hallowe'en. The Drexelians' twelve-piece orchestra furnished exceptionally fine music. The gym was crowded with dancers and they became hilarious when the serpentine was distributed. That bit of amusement always seems to break the ice at any dance. The proceeds amounted to $20.25 , and we were exceedingly pleased, as we had expected to just meet expenses. On November tenth we had a rummage sale in \ Vest Philadelphia. Bertha Anderson was in charge of the sale. The girls who helped to sell the goods came home with some interesting stories concerning their experiences. One woman related a story about her six boys and their, inability to work and thus to support her. Later in the day she returned with a tale about her six good -fornothing daughters and how hard she labored to clothe them and feed them. There was a clock that the girls tried to sell, but to no avail. They had a good prospect who went home to ask her husband about it, but strange ( ?) to say she never returned. Perhaps it was just as well, for it was discovered that the clock did not go. These are merely a few of the incidents related after the sale. At least it was a good experience . The profits of the sale amounted to $35.00. At the meeting on November nineteenth, Eleanor B. Henderson was appointed as Chairman of the Activities Committee. This leaves the Archives Committee chairmanship vacant, as Eleanor originally held that position. This change was thought advisable because of the duties that had arisen in connection with the Activi ties Committee. On November twenty-eighth , Romayne E . Gregory and Bertha Anderson took a Thanksgiving basket to Mrs. \iVhite. This woman has four children to care for, as her husband is a worthless character. The girls felt that they had clone a very worthwhile deed. Drexel Institute was honored by the presence of two eminent persons during the month of October. On October nineteenth Dr. Ernest Groves, well-known sociologist, spoke before the Philadelphia Home Econom ics Club at the regular monthly meeting, which



was held in the Art Gallery. In his address, Dr. Groves spoke particularly of the need for home training in the schools which has arisen from modern conditions of life. Then, on October thirty-first, Walter Prichard Eaton, the famous writer and authority on the Drama, addressed the student body. The subject of his address was, "Going to the Theatre in America." On October twenty-second, 路a meeting was held of the "Lexerd" staff, Drexel's Year Book. At this time appointments were made from the girls' senior class and as a result two Alpha Sigs assumed 路 positions as follows: Associate Editor, Margaret H. Rossiter; Photographic Editor, Blanche Ball. On October twenty-fifth, the first annual Freshman dinner was given under the combined auspices of the Y. Vv. and the Y. l\1. During the evening several members of the faculty and also student leaders spoke a few words of greeting. Elsie Zeigerman, a Russian poetress, recited some of her own verse. She is a Sophomore at Temple University. The members of both cabinets deserve a great deal of praise for making the affair an absolute success. Two of our own Alpha Sigs are on the Y. 'vV. Cabinet-Edith Rood and Blanche Ball. The Sigma Sigma Sigma Sorority gave a Spanish Cabaret on October twenty-sixth . The red, yellow and black decorations and the burning of incense helped to achieve the Spanish atmosphere . This dance was the occasion for many of the student house girls to have "late permissions." On Thursday evening, November fifth, the students of "214" . gave their annual "stunt night." The purpose of this affair is to raise money to give a Christmas party to some poor family in the city. The program consisted of a circus, a mock wedding, a boy scout drill, as well as some additional humorous sketches. Kathleen L. Clark was active in the preparation and the actual giving of these selections. Saturday evening, K ovember tenth, was the occasion of a delightful card party at Temple University, when the Kappa Kappas were hostess to the Nu Ku girls . We first danced in one of the sorority rooms and then adjourned to another room to play bridge and to enjoy delicious refreshments. The Kappas afforded us a lovely evening in their hospitable manner. The engagement of Dorothy Chitterling to George B. Hodenpyl was anounced on Saturday, November tenth, at a delightful bridge



party. Frances Bishop was among the guests. Dorothy's niece and some other little tots distributed boxes that contained tiny books announcing the engagement and Dorothy was then presented with a huge bouquet with her ring tied to a ribbon. On November seventeenth, Edith Hetherington was the guest of honor at a luncheon and miscellaneous shower given at the Corinne Tea Room in Philadelphia. Edith Rood, Ruth Hasenfuss and Helen Lindemuth Ware were among the guests. Edith received many lovely gifts. Helen Ellsworth has a position with the Morton Salt Company At the present time she is recuperating from an appendicitis operation performed at the St. Joseph's Ho pita!, Baltimore. On Tuesday, November twentieth, a huge box of candy arrived for the K u Nus from Dorothy Chitterling and her fiance, in accordance with the custom that as soon as one of our Alpha Sigs announces her engagement a box of candy should be sent to the Chapter. ::vfy, but that is a splendid idea . The box reposes in Miss Macintyre's office and we make several trips in their each clay. Janet C. Wilson is now dietician at a Y. vV. C. A. at Easton. She will return to Drexel in the spring to receive her cliplof11a. Two girls surprised us by visits during the last two week of Kovember. Frances Bishop stopped in Philadelphia on her way home from Dorothy Chitterling's home in New York. Virginia Thompson visited Elizabeth vVeaver, a pledge, before the Thanksgiving holiday. Ellen Johnson is at the head of the Home Economics Department at the Radnor High School, \iVayne, Pa. Ruth Hasenfuss and Edith Rood are doing their practice teaching at this school at the present time. Margaret H. Rossiter is practice teaching at Haverford. Cynthia Metzger was one of the two girls in charge of the Little and Big Sister tea that was given on November twentieth. It was an informal affair which afforded a splendid opportunity for girls to become better acquainted. The young ladies with "boy" written on a slip of paper were the partners for the girls. A prize was awarded to the best dancers. Punch was served during the course of the afternoon. Girls' hockey is at last a suming an important position at Drexel. Cynthia Metzger and Eleanor Henderson are on the



varsity team . The girls played an exciting game with Rosemont College on November fourteenth and tied the score 3-3. They lost the games with Beaver College and Ursinus, but the team played splendidly and it must be brought into consideration that they are just beginning. Now just watch! The Drexel football season came to a close on Saturday, November twenty-fourth, when we played St. Joseph's College and lost 19-7. This made the second defeat of the season. Mr. J. Drexel Paul, a member of the Board of Trustees, expressed the sentiments of the entire student body in a letter, when he said that Drexel had a "grand team." November twenty-first was the occasion of a dinner conference of the Faculty-Student Government Advisory Board and Officers and the Student House Board of theW. S. G. A. Interest evolved around, fir t, the relations between faculty and students; and second, the elements that might be included in a possible new code dealing with the question of student honor. The Alpha Sigs that were present as representatives of the Vv. S. G. A. were: Sarah M . Baxter, Dorothy \iVilliamson, Blanche A. Ball, Georgia L. Sherred, Kathleen I . Clark and J\!Iyrta Probasco. Bla.nche Ball is chairman of the Y. V路l . campaign and has reported that new members are being enrolled rapidly. A new plan is being put into effect which, briefly explained, means that membership from now on will be for the duration of the member's stay in Drexel and yearly clues ,楼ill be 路assessed. The National Y. 'vV. C. A. will issue membership cards that will be acceptable anywhere. Kathleen Clark is conducting the campaign in her student house. 'vVednesday, November twenty-eighth, Rev. Andrew Mutch addressed the student body concerning the Thanksgiving spirit. At the close of the day many of the students went home for the holiday and incidentally to prepare for a strenuous last two weeks of first term.

Dorothy Williamson.


Omicron Omicron chapter announces the pledging of thirtyone girls. T heir names are: Leora 'vVeaver, Moultrie, Ohio; Flora Wilbrink, 14500 South Park Boulevard, Shaker Heights, Ohio; Janice Rate, 1556 Sharb Avenue, North west, Canton, Ohio;




Madge George, 525 Biddle Street, Kane, Pennsylvania; Fidelia Farnum, 124 Mantua Street, Kent, Ohio; Grace McMasters, 126 \i\lest Middle Avenue, Sebring, Ohio; Vera Bodell, 502 North Detroit Street, Kenton, Ohio; Martha Steiner, Kenton, Ohio; Sophia Theil, 106 Walnut Street, Lowell, Ohio; Margaret Strock, Baltic, Ohio; Edna King, Riddle Block, Apartment No . 9, Ravenna, Ohio; Mary Louise Carmello, 55 Ellenwood Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio; Nelle vVebb, Franklin Apartment No.5, Kent, Ohio; Creta Benedict, Gambier, Ohio; Anne Marie Blazsek, Box 91, R. D. 3, Newton Falls, Ohio; Gertrude Kennedy, 328 Wahelason Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio; Alberta Mclvan, 15912 Damon Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio; Alice Chevin, 13400 South Parkway Drive, Garfield Heights, Ohio ; Dora Carson, 114 South Chestnut Street, Kent, Ohio; Grace Conroy, 87 Cook Street, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio; Helene Bietz, 1018 North Mantau Street, Kent, Ohio; Owayla Brand, Beach City, Ohio; Geneva Brand, Beach City, Ohio; Stella Stone, 309 North Vine Street; Orville, Ohio ; Millie Greene, 1558 Ansel Road, Cleveland, Ohio; Suzanne Sanford, 219 Broad Avenue, Northwest, Canton, Ohio; Pauline Krahl, 2112 Elm Street, Youngstown, Ohio; Sara Snyder, 638 Himrod Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio; Anna Vvarnes, Strasburg, Ohio; Helen VanAllen, 112 Spring Street, Willard, Ohio. On November first we had our "rush party.'' It was a formal bridge-dance at Twin Lakes Country Club. Fifty girls were present, including rushees, actives, alumn<e and patronesses. vVe served a three-course lunch. For favors we gave first perfume bottles with little silver droppers. They were very attractive. One of our patronesses said she had never seen a nicer group of girls, and that made us feel very happy, as a great many of these girls are now our pledges. On November twenty-sixth, at the home of Jean Gorham, a lovely ceremony was performed, when thirty-one girls were pledged into Omicron Omicron chapter of Alpha Sigma Alpha. The house was beautifully decorated with Alpha Sigma Alpha colors and the altar was banked with flowers. Over the fireplace was the Alpha Sigma Alpha banner. Miss Sublette played soft strains of music while the girls took their vows. After pledging on ~ ovember twenty-sixth the actives, pledges and alumn<e members were invited to the Kappa Mu Kappa fraternity house for dinner. It was delightful. The house was deco-



rated 111 big red and white chrysanthemums. Three fraternity pledges served the dinner. \ Ve are glad to say that nothing was spilled and the pledges deserve a great deal of credit. The Omicron O micron chapter certainly appreciated the kindness that Kappa M u Kappa showed us in loaning their new home. After dinner we sang our so rority so ng, played the victrola and congratulated ourselves on the dandy group of girls we succeeded in pledging. On November sixteenth our brother fraternity, the Kappa Mu Kappa, and the Alpha Sigma Alpha sorority, sponsored the annual "Fall Hop." It was a benefit dance. The music was "peppy", and everyone had a fine time. Caroline Foote, a Delta Gamma from Ohio State University, entertained for a few rushees and the active members of Omicron Omicron chapter at her home at Twin Lakes. Doctor and Mrs. James T. Norton of Kent entertained the actives, alumn<e and rushees at their home on Park Avenue. Jean Isab el Gorham,. Omicron Omicron is very fortunate in having secured for patron a nd patroness Mr. and Mrs. Steve Harbourt. Mr. Harbou rt is a well know n lawyer and member of the Kappa Mu Kappa fraternity. Eleanor Rowney, of Youngstown, attended the "Fall· Hop." Jean Gorham, an Omicron Omicron alumna member, entertained with her violin at the Portage County Institute for Teachers. Madge George, one of our pledges, has the leading pa rt in the ope ra at school. Margaret Strock, another pledge, has a very important part in "Rosamunde" also. Before coming to Kent .State th ese girls studied at musical conservatories and we are very g lad to secure these talented g irls for A lpha Sigma Alpha. Alice Sturgill and J ean Gorham attended th e dinner for the teache rs of the Portage County schools. H elen Van Allen, an accomplished pianist, is going to accompany the Alpha Sigma Alpha trio which is to appear at assembly of th e college in the near future. Omicrom Omicron, with its two college members, ranked fourth in the scholastic rating of sororities and fraternities · at Kent State.

SIGMA SIGMA CHAPTER Rush! Rush! Rush! Yes, Rush ·week started Friday. October nineteenth, and terminated at twelve o'clock the following Thursday night, October twenty-sixth. Each sorority was allowed one informal and one formal affair during the week.



Our Panhellenic organization entertained all non-sorority girls at a formal tea at the College Club House, on Saturday, October third, from two-thirty to five o'clock. The program consisted of numbers given by each sorority. There were no sorority pins worn and it was a very successful affair. Our informal party was held at the " Paddle and Canoe" Cabin, which is about five miles out of town, Saturday, October twentieth, from five to eight o'clock. It was a "Dog and Pony Show". The invitations were tickets to the show and enough paper coins to pay entrance fees to the side-shows, which consisted of a fortune teller, tall , thin lady and short, fat lady, 路a living skeleton, and such 路路farces" as are usually found around a tent show. Trained ponies, dogs and other animals furnished the entertainment in the main show. Of course, the clowns were there with all their funny tricks. And what show would be complete without an "eats" stand? 'vVe had "hot dogs", ice cream, popcorn, and pop. Silver balloons with red "A. S. A." printed on them were our favors. There vvere thirty rushees at our informal party. Sigma Sigma chapter's formal party was a Hiawatha dinner at six o'clock on Tuesday, October twenty-third, at the Commercial Hotel. The tables were placed in the form of a square and a center table represented an Indian village with a mirror lake, teepees and trees. The main table was covered with leaves, pottery, and Indian favors, which were leather canoes, were given. Indian rugs and blankets completed the decorations . Rosellen Tomkins, our vice-president, acted as toastmistress in the absence of our president, Ruth Bull, who was ill. Zona Osterman spoke on "The Value of Sorority Membership", and Lillian Southwell played " Clog Dance", by Howard Hansen, on the piano. Indian music was played throughout the evening. Imagine our surprise when sixteen rushees accepted our bids. Fourteen of them were able to take the pledge degree this quarter. Formal pledging services were held on November fourteenth at seven o'clock, at the home of our Faculty Adviser, Miss Spicer. Those who pledged were: Jewell Kennedy, Kimball, Nebraska; Fern Parvin, Canon City, Colorado; Gladys Gitzhoffen, Crested Butte, Colorado; Lucille Stevens, Olathe, Colorado; \1 ernice Pratt, Cedaredge, Colorado; Gertrude Morrison, Buena Vista, Colorado; Miriam Lewis, Colorado Springs, Colorado; Ruth Buhrmester, Manzanola, Colorado; Ramona Kemper, Alcreek,



Colorado; Maxine Goss, Lorna, Colorado; Evelyn Akin, Dolores, Colorado; Mildred Akin, Dolores, Colorado; Wahneita Stoner Dupo, Illinois; Goldie Hansen, Canon City) Colorado. Founders' Day was celebrated the same evening immediately after the pledging service. After lovely refreshments were served by Miss Spicer, the girls spent the evening singing and having "a general good time." On Friday, October twelfth, from seven-thirty to ten o'clock our chapter held open house at the sorority house at 121 North Colorado Street, to all the fraternities and sororities on the campus. The house was liglited with candles; autumn leaves and flowers decorated the rooms. Ice and cakes were served to the guests, and members of the sorority furnished music the entire evenmg. The Alpha Sigs entertained at a Hallowe'en dinner honoring our alumn<e who were here for Homecoming. The dinner was held at the Commercial Hotel, October twenty-seventh, at six,rhirty o'clock. The dining room and tables were decorated with jack o'lanterns, black cats, ,..ntches, and balloons. Ruth Bull, our president, acted as toastmistress. Lillian Southwell welcomed the alumn<e, and Vesta Crawford Baker responded. Irys Osterman gave a toast to the pledges and \tVahneita Stoner responded. The alumn<e gave some impromptu talks 01i. the work they are doing this year. After a short talk by Miss Spicer, the girls sang sorority songs, which concluded the program. Sigma Sigma had a number of our alumn<e with us on October twenty-seventh. That was our annual Homecoming day, and everyone from "far and wide" was in Gunnison. Some of the girls who had been away for two years returned and it was like olden times again. Among those returning were: 路 Dorothy Romig, English teacher in Cedaredge High School; Esther Roberts, teaching in Delta; Vesta Baker, of Peonia; Annie Laura Savage, Commercial teacher in the Peonia High School ; Rosalie Cory, second grade teacher in Delta; Jean McKee, who is attending Business College in Denver; Teresa Tompson, an alumna of our chapter when we were still Kappa Sigma Alpha girls. Avis l\IIcDonough left with her husband, Doctor Frank McDonough, on October eighth, for Philadelphia, where "Doctor Frank" will do graduate work in surgery.



November twelfth was a holiday at Western and several of our girls went home for the week-end. Mildred Stevens and Lucille Stevens went to Olathe; Callie Douthitt, to Delta; Ruth Bull, to Cedaredge; Elizabeth Johnston, to Montrose. Lillian Southwell, who was a Kappa Sigma Alpha member, joined our ranks again on October nineteenth by pledging herself to Alpha Sigma Alpha. Her home is in Grand Junction. Eli:::ab eth 1 ohnston.


Tom clearest: I've been almost too busy to miss you. Honestly, at times it seems as if I could never finish the work that is assigned. It's kind of discouraging. But I shouldn't feel that way, I suppose . because you and everyone else have the same trouble. I'll snap out of it and tell you some of the fun we've been having. Last November we had a tea for the patronesses of our chapter of Alpha Sigma Alpha. Usually I hate teas. They are so superficial. But I didn't hate this one. The Social Center was decorated in reel and white! and candles furnished the light. Of course, we had the usual things to eat-tea, sandwiches and bon bons. Boy! but the sandwiches were good! vVhile we were making them, vve put marmalade on all the scraps of bread and ate them. M -m-m-m, I wi sh I had some now. Miss Hansen, Mrs. Glunz, and Mrs. Chase, our patronesses; Miss Small , our faculty adviser, and Dean Reed came. Fay Leidy read some poetry, and Rose Olief and Eleanor Hickey played the piano for us. The rest of the time we just talked . On October eighth we had our first supper party. It was a weiner roast at Eleanor Hickey' s. I rode out to Eleanor's vvith Ruth Leis. We waited there for the rest of the girls. It seemed as though they would never come. I had reached the next to the last stage of starvation-the one when you are still hungry, before we were ready to start. Then Eleanor led us to a little creek and a little camp fire all burning and ready for us. I don't know whether to tell you first how pretty it was or how good the food tasted. I guess everyone there thought of food-so here goes. vVe had weiners and rolls and relish and pickles and creamed potatoes (Eleanor's mother made them and put them in a thermos jug for us) and roasted marshmallows. That sounds just average, but it wasn't. It tasted like food for the gods to us. After a while



we stopped eating long enough to look around. The creek was a curving thread of silver, and its gentle rippling seemed to develop into a song. The water reflected the stars and some lights which were in the distance. I curled up dose to one of my sisters; watched the fire reflected on the faces of those near it; listened to the water as it played along; breathed the fresh air scented with smoke; closed my eyes and would have been absoutely happy if you had been there with me. As it was I could only dream of you. The next supper meeting was at Ramona Dahlman's. . And now listen to this! She had set a table for all of us, clown cellar. She had decorated the table and the cellar for Hallowe'en and to top the climax we even had a loud speaker on the table to furnish music. Everybody bad a dandy time. Vve cheered for the com~ mittee, for Ramona, for Ramona's mother, and last of all for King Asa. Delta Sigma Epsilon and Alpha Sigma Alpha had a Hallowe'en l\!Iasquerade Party together. The Delta Sig girls sure are peaches! vVe had our fortunes told, played games, had a grand march with a prize for the best costume and one for the funniest costume . Last Thursday we had our Founders' Day Banquet at the Cleveland Hall Apartments. It sure seemed good to see the old gang again. Vv e had hammered silver slave bracelets for permanent favors. They are 'most as good looking as the ones which you had for favors at your "frat" dance. For place cards the girls made lolly pops into King Asas. They braided crepe paper to make long arms and legs, and they tied the name of the person on the arm of our lollypop king. They also made green menus, shaped like our pins . All this work and printing was clone by hand in order to save money and buy our bracelets. (We bought them out of our budget.) The spirit at the banquet was great. Everyone was out. But I guess the most thrilling moment came when Miss Small made a plea for a Sorority Home, and the President of our Alumme said that they were ready to help us in every way. vVe made over forty dollars on our roller skating party.路 That was quite a surprise because it seemed as though almost no one at school wanted to go, but a lot of people from outside came to the rink that night. Just at present we are selling Christmas cards . I don't know just how we are coming out, but here's hoping that we make good.



Do you remember Ruth Molyneux? She has been chosen Editor-in-Chief of the Elms, our Senior year book. Fay Leidy again has the leading role in the Christmas play, The Shepherd's Pipe, and Doris Burton is president of the Junior Degree Class. Between you and me I'm mighty proud of my sorority sisters! For Christmas we are planning to take care of one family. I don't know which one, but I think it's a dandy idea. Really, though, it isn't benevolence, because I think that we get as much pleasure out of doing it as they do out of the surprise of receiving it. It seems too good to be true that you can be home for our dance, December fourteenth. I'll be mighty proud to introduce you to everybody. How many dances should I change? Oh, yes, three guesses-I've bought your Christmas present! You said that you wanted it. and I'm sure you've forgotten that you said it, and I hunted all over to find it. No, I won' t tell. The different classes had a competitive sing in assembly" the other day. We had j-udges from outside. It was very excitingbut the Sophomore Class was rotten. vVe fo rgot words n'everything. vVhen the judges made their decision they said that we had won. That just about stuni1ed us. Then we began to clap. Suddenly he realized that he had made a mistake. The Freshmen were the real winners ! We have a new basketball song. It is written to the tune of Sousa's A1'tillery Song. The whole student group went wild when they heard it. vVe clapped and shouted for the author. Then we clapped for him. Then we clapped some more until they let us sing it again . Do you know that it will be exactly eight clays, seven hours, and twenty-three minutes before I'll see you? Do you know that I have so much to tell you that I' ll probably talk for an hour and a half after I see you, or I'll be so thrilled that I can"t say a word? Do you know that I dream of you all night and think of you all day? Do you know that if I don't start studying I'll get a minus zero in every class on Monday? Well, if you don't, I do!!! I am yoursWith all the love-I have. Doroth)! Marley .



The very first social event Rho Rho Chapter had after vve moved into our house this fall was a tea, Sunday afternoon, September twenty-sixth, in honor of Miss Valeria Huppeler, and Mrs. R. H. Hamill. our new patroness. At first we thought we would have a tea for the girls' mothers here in town; they had been so good to help us with our house. Then there are so few of them and we were so proud of our house, and we wanted to entertain for our patroness, so we decided to have one party for them all. 'vVe invited all the mothers, new faculty members, and heads of all the different departments, Dean Beaumont, and Dr. and Mrs. Shawkey. Almost everyone came, and if they enjoyed it as much as we did, they had a nice time. Of course we couldn't help but enjoy it when they were telling us such nice things about our house. Rush week started October fifteenth, and we had everything planned for our greatest rush week yet. Most of the girls have classes all day Monday, so we planned our first party for Tuesday afternoon. 'vVe invited forty girls to tea at Mrs. Norvell's home; she is one of our patronesses. You can imagine what a time we had meeting and talking with each girl. Finally out of this large number we chose twenty-five girls to invite to our second party. The second party was a "Pirate Party" here at the house. All members dressed in the garb of buccaneers, and we dressed the house as much like a pirate's den as we coul d. For lights we used candles stuck in bottles, and for decorations we used skulls and cross bones e~erywhere . VIe had a candle burning on the front porch, and a white flag with skull and cross bones on it hanging out front. From the chandelier in the front room we suspended twenty-five lollypops on many colored strings. The strings were then wound around in every room in the house, and ended in a tiny chamois skin bag with A. S. A. in red on the outside and candy money inside. The "Treasure Hunt" started things going and everyone got acquainted. We danced and played bridge and told stories until the lunch was served . The lunch consisted of hamburgers, skull candies, chewing gum, and pop to drink. It was served in paper plates, and we left the pop in the bottles. The girls were all so nice, and we'd had such a lovely time that we hated to eliminate any of them, but we had to, so we



chose twelve of the girls we knew best to invite to our third party. The third party was a formal dinner at the Frederick Hotel. All but two of the rushees came. After dinner we took the rushees to the home of Mrs. Hamill, our patroness, to spend the rest of the evening. It was so chilly and Mrs. Hamill had such a comfortable long fire burning that we all gathered around it and sang our A. S. A. songs. The rushees hummed the tunes with us, and they must have enjoyed it because when we sent them our bids they all accepted. On October twentieth Marshall beat Wittenberg in a football game at Springfield, Ohio . We were so thrilled to think we had that on Monday the whole school celebrated. Monday also happened to be the day the sororities knew how many of the rushees had accepted their bids . It was a day of double celebration for Rho Rho Chapter, because we were thrilled about the game and getting ten of the sweetest pledges we could hope for. By way of celebration, we took them all to the thuse bonfire with us that night so that everyone would know how proud we were of them. 路 O n Tuesday, October twentieth, at six-thirty, we gave ribbon services to our new pledges. It was a happy time for all of us because now we feel sure that they are going to be a part of Rho Rho Chapter. I'll let the pledges speak for themselves sometime about their impression of "rush week" and their first initiation service . Our pledges路 are: Dorothy Brewster, 'Welch, Vv. Va.; Rinda Gay, vVelch, W. Va.; Beatrice Graham, Huntington; Edna Spencer, Huntington; Ruth Pratt, Huntington; E lizabeth Martin, St. Albans, W. Va. ; Pearl and Marie Boggess, Ripley, W. Va.; Ruby Tawney, Gallipolis, Ohio, and Agnes Snyder, St. Marys W . Va. Since there was no school on November sixth we celebrated with a "slumber party" the night before. All the town members and all the pledges came to the house to spend the night. It was the usual sort of slumber party with candy making, dancing, and story-telling until no one could possibly keep awake another instant. Then everyone piled into the nearest bed to dream until a shout would awake them next morning. We celebrated Founders' Day with a party at the Chapter house Thursday even ing. We wanted to have a dance, so decided to have a manless one. The members dressed like men to give it the night effect. They all brought their pledges to the dance. 'vVe



had programs with sunbonnet girls on them, and carried out the ::;orority colors in the lunch. As the saying goes, "a good time was had by all." Every year on "Turkey Day" Marshall's Thundering Herd meets \Vest Virginia 路w esleyan's Bobcats on J\llarshall gridiron. This year we are planning a big homecoming celebration. There will be a Victory Ball Thanksgiving night, at which the most popular Marshall girl will be chosen "Victory Queen." All the sororities and fraternities are going to decorate their houses in Marshall and 路wesleyan colors . A silver loving cup will be given to the Chapter House that is best decorated. I'll tell you more about it next time. Alice Krug. Weddings Rho Rho Chapter has a new brother-in-law. Zara Garrett married \ iVilliam Gardner, vVednesday, October seventeenth, at Atlanta, Georgia. They are making their home there tempo rarily.

TAU TAU CHAPTER The girls of Alpha Sigma Alpha were entertained at bridge Friday evening, November 16, at the home of Noveline Hickman. The party was in honor of Founders' Day. We have a.n Alpha Sig11w. Alpha. House at Last! ! ! It is a house we can call all our own and right here let me extend to every member of ASA, to their patronesses or advisors or anyone affiliated with ASA, a hearty, sincere welcome to visit us any time you are in Hays. The house is a large two story building. with a full length front room which has beautifully polished floors. Needless to say they are used frequently when the girls are home. It has meant a lot of hard work and a chance to display one's artistry in decorating the rooms and getting the house ready for visitors. Every bit of it has been fun though and now we are, in less than a month, feeling as if we owned the world. Really we don't feel that way but are just as happy that it belongs to us and we will do all in our power to keep it going. The girls have painted the furniture in each of the five bed-rooms on the second floor with tasty, harmonizing colors. We are only one block from the campus which is the crowning glory.



So when you are in Hays do not forget to stop at the Alpha Sigma Alpha House on 423 \i\T est Juniata Street. \i\T e entertained our patronesses and a few friends at dinner in our new home Friday evening, December 14. It was our first entertainment in our home and we were all very proud. At one end of the room was a large Christmas tree which Santa had previously visited. He must have known we had all been very good Alpha Sigs for he left us the nicest things, such as horns, dolls and five dollar bills. ASA entertained friends with their annual Christmas dance Saturday, December 8, 1928, at the Womans Building. A large tree beautifully decorated shone out in all its splendor from one end of the hall. Santa had contributed quite generously so that each guest received his gift from the tree. During the evening the favor dances helped keep up the spirit of the party, though it was not hard to have spirit when we were all so happy. I am sure that our guests enjoyed the evening very much. 'JVe sponsored a picture show at the Strand Theater December fourth and fifth. It was just after the Thanksgiving holidays and since we were handicapped by that and so much illness among our ticket sellers we did not make as much as we would have liked to make. We did clear about $23.00 though. vVe are planning a carnival in January at which we intend to make up for the show. ASA announced Mrs. F. B. Lee as patroness of the sorority. Mrs. Lee is the wi'fe of the Dean of the faculty of K. S. T . C. and is very much interested in the Alpha Sigs as both her daughters were members of the sorority before its going national. vVe are certainly glad to have Mrs. Lee as one of us. Dean _E. ]. Agnew was called to her home at Yates Center, Kansas just before the Christmas holidays by the death of her brother. Our sincerest sympathies are with Miss Agnew during this time of sorrow. Mildred King, our last year's president, has been the guest of her parents at Hays. Because of the :Au epidemic at Marquette. Kansas, her school has been temporarily closed . Each girl at the house has donned the role of Santa Claus and presented the house with some vital article such as mirrors and odd pieces of furniture. The place now takes on an aspect of home. We invite you all to share our hospitality. Doroth)' LVI orris on.



PHIPHlCHAPTER Phi P hi chapter gave its first formal ru sh party September twenty-seventh at the sorority house. The party was ori ental in character, and the dominant keynote in the house decorations was Japanese. In every room there were gay umbrellas and lighted lanterns . The guests sat on the floor in true oriental fa shion. The a ir was heavy with spicy incense and from behind a screen came the strains of " Japanese Sandman." All Alpha Sigma girls were dressed in Japanese costumes and the patronesses wore coolie coats. Everyone was delighted when a cunningly dressed Japanese n1aiden appeared in the doorway and began to do a J apanese fan dance. T he audience applauded her so that she returned to read fo r them "Fraidy Cat." A little later everyone broke away fr om old world customs and executed some modern dance steps to the latest dance hits. At ten o'clock the hostesses and their guests went upstairs and again the veil of the old wo rld was drawn over them. T he upstairs rooms were bare, except for a few Japanese print~ hanging on the walls and huge jars of chrysanthemums setting on the fl oor. Chop suey on rice wafers, tea. and cookies were served. Every guest was presented a Japanese pin-cushion. Even if this was Phi Phi's first ru sh party I am sure that there will never be another so success£ ul. T he week following was silent week and I must say it was a week of anxi ety and wondering for the Alpha S igs. It was worth it all when we received our answers. P hi Phi is extremely proud and happy to announce the pledging of \iVl.lma Hooper, Trenton, ~fo.; :viary Mansfield, Sampel, Mo.; Isabel McDaniel, Rockport, :do.; T hesis Non¥ ine, Santa Rosa, Mo., and Betty Seleeman, Maryville, Mo. The last of October the ribbon service was held and the second week of November the P hoenix degree was given. S ix girls are eagerly awaiting final installation, for that means the time when they can wear the beautiful badge of A. S. A. · One Sunday afternoon in November the A lpha Sigmas were invited to tea at the home of one of their patronesses, M rs. Charles Haggard. She is such a g racious hostess and has such a lovely home th at no one could eve r be gui lty of not en joying herself at



one of her teas. \i\That could be more fun that sitting in a congenial group around a glowing fireplace and drinking tea on a cold Sunday afternoon!' Although we have treated our p ledges a little rough at times, I am sure they love us very much because they showed us such a wonderful time at their party. The pledges invited the actives to a pajama party the night of November ninth. The hostesses and guests attended the first showing of the motion picture, "The Cap", and afterwards went to Lewis' for refreshments. At ten o'clock hot chocolate and macaroons were served at the house. At bedtime a dishpan of popcorn was brought in and sat in the midst. Not all dreams were pleasant ones that night. We actives certainly appreciated and enjoyed that party. The last event of the Fall quarter was the Founders' Day Banquet held at the Linville hotel. The table decorations were carried out in the color scheme of green and gold. Gertrude Wray, president, served as toastmistress for the even ing. Mrs. Robert :rviountjoy told the his,tory of Phi Phi chapter, and Evelyn Evans gave an account of the establishment of the first chapter of Alpha Sigma Alpha. Thesis Norwine sang a group of songs and Mrs. \i\1 . G. Brown gave a series of readings. The program was concluded with a musical reading by :.vl:argery Brown. Founders' Day was established in everyone's heart with a deep significance. Thanksgiving 路is near and all college students are awaitin g the close of the fall quarter. Time has passed quickly and happily for the Alpha Sigs and we are looking forward to the beginning of a new semester. Hildred Fitz. Thanksgiving vacation ends the fall semester. Only one Alpha Sig is not return ing, Alyce Hastings. Alyce has her degree and for the rest of the year will be at home. Ruth Harding, who is teaching at Laredo, :M issouri, spent the clay of November fourteenth at the sorority house. Ruth gave a lovely table lamp as her gift to the house. Mrs. W. G. Brown, mother of Margery Brown, spent the 路week-end of November sixteenth at the house. Mrs. Brown made all the girls homesick for their own mothers. Margery was chosen beauty queen of the Sophomore class and all the Alpha Sigmas are mighty proud of her. At the annual Hallowe'en masquerade party o f the student council each class presented a specialty and the prize went to Mary Lee Peck, of the Junior class, who danced the minuet.



CHICHI CHAPTER During the Indiana Teachers Convention, October eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth, Chi Chi entertained many of her old Phi Delts and Alpha Sigs. Misses Thyra Marvel, Alice Myer, Dorothy Ramsey, Mary Louise Greyer, Helen Ryan, and Margaret Britt returned to the fold for a brief taste of old sorority life. Friday, the nineteenth, the Ex-Collegia Chapter entertained the College Chapter at a luncheon at the Lincoln Hotel. The nine pledges gave a very clever stunt. Their orchestral instruments were gazoos, and Betty Erwin accompanied them. The selections ''ere "Beautiful Katy", dedicated to our president, Katherine Haas; "School Days", to the Alumme, and "Sometimes I'm Happy", on behalf of the pledges. Our first Mother-Patroness Tea was held at the Chapter house November third. The very impressive services read by ::\1rs. B. F. Leib, ex-collegia president. The mothers were given beautiful corsages of gold chrysanthemums, daisies, and a white rose. The dining room was lighted by yellow tapers. Our sponsor and adviser, Misses Ann Fern and Mary Turner, poured. The mothers present were Mesdames Selvage, Turner, Hechman, Lamb, Brown, Britt, Haas, Herring, Hall, Fultz, and Pollock. Chi Chi carried out the spirit of Thanksgiving by donating a bountifully filled basket to a worthy poor family. Haniet Pollock.

The real democratic American idea路 is, not that every man shall be on the level with every other, but that every one shall have liberty, without hindrance, to be what God made him. -H. W. BEECHER.




It does not matter hmcâ&#x20AC;˘ many, but how good, boolls ~you have. -Seneca. "Dear me!"' sighed the alumna. "Have we no cultural element in the chapter-house? I happened to call the¡re today, and as I entered the living-room my glance fell upon a wide-open magazine devoted to film celebrities; upon the davenport sprawled another volume of like classification; perched upon the table and brazenly flaunting its brilliant plumage, was a publication not given over io intellectual pursu its. Not even in a secluded spot did I spy the fine, conservative literary friends that contribute an unmistakable atmosphere of breeding and refinement!" All of which provokes an editorial plea for worth-while magazines in the living-room of each chapter-house. Follow, if you wish, the careers of your favorites upon the silver sheet, read, by all means, any well-written story of present-day conditions, but remember that the w,ell-rounclecl college girl keeps in touch with the best that the magazine wo"rld can produce, that the very fact of being a college girl obligates her to cultural things, and that no chapter-house can boast a proper and inspiring environment without the consideration of the finer attributes that combine to produce a perfect whole.-Exchange.

THE BENEFITS OF COLLEGE FRATERNITIES The fraternity gives its members a home and congenial associates when he enters college. It sets before him noble ideals of manhood and high incentives, which help him to draw out the best that is in him. It spurs him on to excel in scholarship and in other branches of under-graduate activity. It sets a guard over his conduct, lest he bring reproach upon the pin he wears with so much pride. In the management of its affairs, it gives a practical business training. The chapter house is a home, with all the influence of good which this implies. Its inter-collegiate feature broadens his view of the educational world, and renders doubly pleasant hi s meetings with college men. It gives him the benefit of acquaintance with many alumni, a distinct business asset when he entet:s upon hi s life work. It gives him precious friendships, which will be cherished among hi s clearest possessions while life remains. -K'"Cchange.



A SORORITY According to the Alpha Epsilon Phi Quawtedy:

A sorority is a place where talk flows fast between two receding banks of thought and reason. A sorority is a memory that one keeps bright in a heart corner after .all other memories are killed by the hand of Time. Sorority is an air castle that every girl builds but few inhabit. Sorority is the gold in the rainbow called College Life. Sorority is the safety-pin that holds up a coed's ideals. Sorority 1s the mouth out of which a coed's individuality speaks. Sorority is the wonder one feels when one looks at a very young moon alone in a vast, black sky. Sorority is the beauty of a blackbird's wing-swerving. Sorority is a threaded needle that slips quietly and deliciously through a girl and ties her for life to a group of friends.

____:. Exchange. HOW THE FRATERNITY CAN SERVE SAMUEL AVERY Chancellor, University of Nebraska From, the Magazine of Sigma Chi The fratern ity can best serve its college by impressing constantly on all of its members those ideals of friendship, scholarship, and good academic citizenship emphasized in the obligations that fraternity men have assumed. As has often been pointed out, the fraternity is a selected group, selected first from the grades to attend the high schools, selected second from the high schools to attend the college, and selected third from among college men ' to form a brotherhood pledged to maintaining and advancing the best ideals of academic life. Such a group should be not on ly what active members usually are, youths of pleasing personality, good mental capacity and fraternal impulses, but they should also be leaders in scholarship and creators of worthy academic traditions . In a word, the fraternity man serves his college best by striving to make himself and his fellows a source of strength and pride to the institution of which his fraternity is a part. NOTE:

Why not apply this to a sorority?


Did you know that every day You are going to School in some shape or way? Each clay that you live you learn a new thing, And each bit of learning has a charm or a sting. The things that you buy and the times you get sold, All help you along to get wise and old. And though you live to a ripe old age, Your learning will lack still many a page. You went snipe-hunting, and held the sack; You felt pretty cheap, but you never went back. You bought a gold brick, though you'll not bite again; Yet you'll buy worse things when silver-tongued men Come along and find you some luckless clay To flatter you in their fetching way. You may aim to, be careful never to make The second try at the same mistake. So every clay you are going to school To wear a cap or to stand on a stool; And the older you get the more you will learn And the higher marks each day you will earn. And not till too late will you find it fun Or realize you have just begun. You may laugh at children carrying books, But if you doSo should you from your actions and looks!




DO YOU KNOW THE CORRECT ADDRESSES FOR THESE MEMBERS? Kindly send correct addresses to National Editor.

AA-Mrs. John A. Swart, 1322 N . K ingsley Drive, H ollywood, Calif. AA-M rs. J. Towner Smith, Box 155, Cocoanut Grove, Florida. AA-Mrs. Ru fus A. Healey, Newca stl e, Pa. AB-Mrs . Grove r C. Ramsey, 1042 E. 72nd St., Chicago, Ill. AB-Mrs. Charl es W. Suits, 10 Ninth P l. , Long Beach, Calif. AB-Nan R. Crews, 3864 Louisiana St., San Di ego, Calif. AB-Mrs. ]. R. Ke rby, 300 N . Ave., C St., Cleveland, Ohio. BE- Lillian M. Cri swell, 350 W . Elk St., Glendale, Calif. BE-Florence E. Oakes, 812 8th St., Las Vegas, New Mexico. BB-Mrs. Hoyt Smith, New R ochell e, New York. BB- Ouita Smith, 647 6th St., L as Animas, Colorado. rr- Mrs. Wm . Smil ey, Chickasha, Oklahoma. ~~-Mrs. Mark H . Cowen, 1406 N. Edward St., Decatur, Ill. ~~-Mr s . P. M. McCoy, Pl a in City, Ohio. EE- Mrs. W. Clay Morstad, 4218 W. 28th St., L os Angel es, Calif. EE-Frances Mi)ler, 5252 17th St., Seattle, Washington. EE-Mrs. Eugene L owther, 1701 E. Wilman Ct., Atchison, Kansa s. EE-Lola V . Wad e, 215 S. Hig hland s St., Chanute, Kansas. EE-Maude E. Barrigar, Berben Apts., 10 Quince, Medford, Oregon. EE-Nell I. Ni ncehel se r, Altoona, Kansas. ZZ-Mrs. C. F. J ohns, Pl ea sant Hill, M isso uri . ZZ-M rs. J. S. Fruin, 2606 Bricker St., Ogden, U ta h. ZZ-Lucille A. Thornhill , Versa il es , Mo. ZZ-Mrs. Charl es Mann, 721 Paseo St., Kansas City, :Mo. HH-Mrs. Norri s Johnson, Cedar Vale, Kansas. IT-Edna Wright, Batavia, Iowa. IT -M rs. 路walter J ohnson, 1640 Syewart St., Chicago, Illin ois . IT -M rs. R. C. Geist, 103 E. 14th St., Des Moines, I owa. IT -Mrs . W . D. Irons, 2506 Troast Ave., Ka nsas City, Missour i. KK- Dorothy Bough, 301 Amosland Rd ., Norwood, P ennsylva nia. KK-Mrs. J ohn S. H offecke r, 1733 N. Park Ave., Philad elphia, Pa. AA-Henri etta M. H aas, 2566 N . Fourth St., Columbu s, Oh io. AA- Frances C. H enning, 125 E. High St., Defiance, Ohio. MM-Janet Rando lph , 3228 Chope St., D etroit, Mi ch. MM- Mrs. H . 0 . Eddy, 5 Park Dr. Mansions, P l. Elizabeth, South Africa . MM-Lula Frieling, Otisvi ll e, Mich. MM- Luell a M . Aldrich, 1301 Prairie St., Elkhart, Indiana. MM-Helen Maniex, 506 N. Cather ine St., Bay City, Michigan. 00-Mrs. Eugene Feeley, Ray, N. Y. il>il>-Margaret ]. Putnam, Marionvi lle, Mo. 38-M rs. Helen Matthewson Laughlin, 1341:4 Coronado St., Los Angeles , California. PP- Mrs. Lewis B. W oodward, Box 73, South Charl es ton, W est V irg ini a. XX-Mrs. Mi les S . Go rd on, 521 P erry St., Apt. 9, F ort Wayne, Indi ana.

Address Correction Please send my PuoENlX to the following add ress:

NanH'---------Address (Per nwneHt, Teac hing )

Chapter_ __ ____ _

Marriage Announcement ill aid en

1\ Ta11te ......... ..................................................................

Married Name __ _ N cw Address ___________ ------------------------------------------ _______ _

Date of Marriage ___________ ___ ___ ________ ___ ---- -------------- ---------- ---- -----

Clzapte11' ...... -------------------··· -·········-············-----················ ................. .



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Greek letter fraternity system, established in 1776 has kept equal pace with the remarkable growth of colleges and universities. These organizations, with the courage of optimistic youth, with whole hearted love for their alma mater, and with an earnest desire to prove their worthiness in their college activities, have become an important part in the educational system of America.

Along with this powerful growth and development of the fraternity system, there sprung up more than a decade ago, another equally important movement. It was an idea and an ambition of a company. A company with faith in its convictions, determination in its being, and with a sincere desire to serve the college folk of America. This vision was to produce better fraternity jewelry than ever before; to adopt a systematic distribution service; to cooperate with each national organization and to create and maintain a lasting Thus the House of Dalfour was founded. After years of struggle, success has come. Upon the stepping stones of honor and fairness to all, the L. G. Balfour Company has become nationally famous .

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Sole official j ew ele1'S to


A lpha Sigma Alpha



L. G. Balfour Company


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Balfm" Bl"' Book ""' "'' " '""'路




Asa phoenix vol 15 no 2 jan 1929  
Asa phoenix vol 15 no 2 jan 1929