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Volume 3 Issue 36

1 May 2006

Labor Day History ized nations. While it is a general holiday in the United States, its roots in the working class remain clearer in European countries.

Membership in labor unions in the United States reached an alltime high in the 1950s when about 40 percent of the work force belonged to unions. Today, union membership is about 14 percent of the working population. Labor Day now carries less significance as a celebration of working people and more as the e n d o f s u m m e r. S c h o o l s , government offices and businesses are closed on Labor Day so people can get in one last State parks, swimming pools, trip to the beach or have one last and campgrounds are all quite cookout before the weather busy on Labor Day, as vacation- starts to turn colder. ers take one last advantage of the waning hot season. Septem- Labor Day is also celebrated by ber is the month that marks the having picnic, group gathering, b e g i n n i n g o f a u t u m n . A n d , events of last summer and because of that, the average relaxing throughout the day. daytime maximum temperatures Most Americans consider Labor take a plunge during the month in Day the end of the summer, and the beaches and other popular most of the U.S. resort areas are packed with In European countries, China people enjoying one last threeand other parts of the world, May day weekend. Day, the first day in May, is a holiday to celebrate workers and labor unions. Before it became It has come to be recognized in the U.S. not only as a celebration of the working class, but even more so as the unofficial end of the summer season. In the northern half of the U.S. at least, the summer vacation season begins with Memorial Day and ends with Labor Day. Many colleges and some secondary and elementary schools begin classes immediately after Labor Day.

Why do we celebrate Labor Canada since 1894. Day? Labor unions themselves For a lot of people, Labor Day celebrated the first labor days in means two things: a day off and the United States. Historians the end of summer. But why is it credit Peter McGuire, a leader of called Labor Day? Labor Day is a the carpenters union, with the day set aside to pay tribute to original idea of a day for workers working men and women. It has to show their solidarity. The first been celebrated as a national Labor Day parade occurred holiday in the United States and Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City. The workers' unions chose the first Monday in September ZAMAN NEWSPAPER because it was halfway between Zaman, Publisher Independence Day and Murat Tutumlu, Editor-in Chief Thanksgiving. The idea spread Gurkan Cil, Editor at Large across the country, and some states designated Labor Day as Prepared By 12-A a holiday before the federal holiday was created. In the late 1880's, labor organizations began to lobby various state legislatures for recognition of Labor Day as an official state h o l i d a y. T h e f i r s t s t a t e s t o declare it a state holiday in, 1887, were Oregon, Colorado, New York, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. Then in 1894, Congress passed a law recognizing Labor D a y a s a n o ff i c i a l n a t i o n a l holiday. Today, Labor Day is observed not only in the U.S. but also in Canada, and in other industrial-

an international workers holiday, May Day was a celebration of spring and the promise of summer.

1 May 2006




How Wings Lift the Plane What is Air? Sir Isaac Newton proposed three Air is a physical substance which laws of motion in 1665. These has weight. It has molecules Laws of Motion help to explain which are constantly moving. Air how a planes flies. pressure is created by the m o l e c u l e s m o v i n g a r o u n d . 1. If an object is not moving, it will Moving air has a force that will lift not start moving by itself. If an kites and balloons up and down. object is moving, it will not stop or Air is a mixture of different gases; c h a n g e d i r e c t i o n u n l e s s oxygen, carbon dioxide and something pushes it. nitrogen. All things that fly need 2. Objects will move farther and air. Air has power to push and pull faster when they are pushed on the birds, balloons, kites and harder. planes. 3. When an object is pushed in one direction, there is always a In 1640, Evagelista Torricelli resistance of the same size in the discovered that air has weight. opposite direction. When experimenting with measuring mercury, he discov- Forces of Flight ered that air put pressure on the Controlling the Flight of a mercury.Francesco Lana used this discovery to begin to plan for an airship in the late 1600s. He drew an airship on paper that used the idea that air has weight. The ship was a hollow sphere which would have the air taken out of it. Once the air was removed, the sphere would have less weight and would be able to float up into the air. Each of four spheres would be attached to a boat-like structure and then the whole machine would float. The actual design was never tried. Hot air expands and spreads out Plane and it becomes lighter than cool air. When a balloon is full of hot How does a plane fly? Let's air it rises up because the hot air pretend that our arms are wings. expands inside the balloon. If we place one wing down and When the hot air cools and is let one wing up we can use the roll to out of the balloon the balloon change the direction of the plane. We are helping to turn the plane comes back down. by yawing toward one side. If we raise our nose, like a pilot can How Wings Lift the Plane Airplane wings are curved on the raise the nose of the plane, we top which make air move faster are raising the pitch of the plane. over the top of the wing. The air All these dimensions together moves faster over the top of a combine to control the flight of wing. It moves slower under- the plane. A pilot of a plane has neath the wing. The slow air special controls that can be used pushes up from below while the to fly the plane. There are levers faster air pushes down from the and buttons that the pilot can top. This forces the wing to lift up push to change the yaw, pitch and roll of the plane. into the air. Laws of Motion To roll the plane to the right or left, the ailerons are raised on one wing and lowered on the other. The wing with the lowered aileron rises while the wing with the raised aileron drops. Pitch is to make a plane descend or climb. The pilot adjusts the

elevators on the tail to make a plane descend or climb. Lowering the elevators caused the airplane's nose to drop, sending the plane into a down. Raising the elevators causes the airplane to climb.

rolls the aircraft to the right.

The rudder works to control the yaw of the plane. The pilot moves rudder left and right, with left and right pedals. Pressing the right rudder pedal moves the rudder to the right. This yaws the aircraft to Yaw is the turning of a plane. the right. Used together, the When the rudder is turned to one rudder and the ailerons are used side, the airplane moves left or to turn the plane. right. The airplane's nose is pointed in the same direction as The elevators which are on the the direction of the rudder. The tail section are used to control rudder and the ailerons are used the pitch of the plane. A pilot uses a control wheel to raise and lower together to make a turn. the elevators, by moving it How does a Pilot Control the forward to back ward. Lowering the elevators makes the plane Plane? nose go down and allows the To control a plane a pilot uses plane to go down. By raising the elevators the pilot can make the plane go up. The pilot of the plane pushes the top of the rudder pedals to use the brakes. The brakes are used when the plane is on the ground to slow down the plane and get ready for stopping it. The top of the left rudder controls the left brake and the top of the right pedal controls the right brake. If you look at these motions together you can see that each type of motion helps control the

several instruments... The pilot controls the engine power using the throttle. Pushing the throttle increases power, and pulling it decreases power. The ailerons raise and lower the wings. The pilot controls the roll of the plane by raising one aileron or the other with a control wheel. Turning the control wheel clockwise raises the right aileron and lowers the left aileron, which

direction and level of the plane when it is flying. Sound is made up of molecules of air that move. They push together and gather together to form sound waves . Sound waves travel at the speed of about 750 mph at sea level. Hun Tola

1 May 2006




A Brief History of Chess Chess, 'the game which', says Voltaire, 'reflects most honour on human wit', arose in the fifth century A.D. in north-west India. No more precise indication can be given as to its origin and it is not known who actually invented the game. It was then called 'chaturanga' and though the game differed in some respects from the modern version it was c l e a r l y chess. No evidence exists for its having been played earlier and the occasional rumour that crops up to the effect that it was played in old Egyptian times has no foundation in fact. In the sixth century it spread from India to Persia and a little later in the same century the Arabs learnt the game. Chess entered Europe round about the tenth century. The largest and perhaps most significant group of chess figures to be found in Europe, are the Lewis chess pieces dated from the 12th Century. The first reference to chess in English Literature is found, somewhat late, in 1150 in a poem De Shaki ludo. The game appears to become popular during Medieval times. There are references to Edward I gambling over chess matches and one of the first books printed in English on any subject was a chess book Caxton's The Game and Playe of the Chesse, published in 1474. The rules differed slightly from modern chess in those times. However, by the Seventeenth Century the game had settled exactly into its modern form, from which it is unlikely to depart. An interesting encounter between the players of the modern form of chess and a player of the old Indian version occured between 1929 and 1933 when Mir Sultan Khan became British Champion

and defeated the World W r e x h a m A d v e r t i s e r Champion Alkehine, and the Saturday December 4 1886 former World Champion Capablanca. A chess Club- Lovers of the game of chess will be glad to In practice the variations within know that a chess club has been the given laws are inexhaustible, formed at the Lion House, High so while there are many chess Street. Mr. E Lloyd Jones has variants, there is neither reason kindly agreed to act as secretary. nor temptation to alter the The next meeting will be held on modern game. We d n e s d a y, a n d i n t e n d i n g

During the 1980's the late Hugh Weaver, who was our Secretary for 25 years, investigated the history of the club. As a result of these researches it was his view that the club had been formed in 1886 and had been in more or less continuous operation ever since. This made us a few years older than had been previously thought, judging by reports of the club's age in the local Press in the 1950's. I was very pleased to have Hugh's view about the founding date of the club confirmed a few months ago when I came across a copy of the “Chess Player's Annual and Club Directory” for 1893/94 in a second h a n d bookshop. T h e founding date is indeed given as 1886 and the details of the club for season 1893/94 m a k e fascinating reading.

tion when a lady applied for membership in his early days with the club, only fifty years ago. After much agonising and lengthy discussion they decided it just would not be proper to admit lady members! Shortly after the formation of the Wrexham Club, the Conservatives started a rival chess club in the town (April 1887) and the club's first match was against the Conservati ve Club. Wrexham Advertiser Saturday April 9 1887

C h e s s M a t c h members are requested to send their names to the secretary, or to Following on the formation of the attend the meeting, which is fixed W r e x h a m C h e s s C l u b , a Conservative Chess Club has for eight o'clock.” recently been formed in the town, T h e Wr e x h a m C h e s s C l u b and on Saturday the two clubs President was the Hon. George m e t a t t h e C o n s e r v a t i v e T. Kenyon M.P. Clearly there was headquarters in the High-street a heavy workload in running the for a friendly trial of strength. The club, because there were two match was arranged for eight Secretaries. These were George members of each club to play two S . F o y s t e r o f t h e N a t i o n a l games each, but a member of Provincial Bank and E. Lloyd the non-political club failing to Jones of 21 Bury Street. There is appear they consequently lost a curious echo here, in that the t w o g a m e s b y d e f a u l t , b u t club has recently elected two ultimately succeeded in winning Assistant Secretaries to help the by four games. The match was current Secretary.Mention of the very enjoyable to all concerned Member of Parliament leads me and it has been decided to play a to suspect that the club was return when the Conservatives rather more hope it may not be impossible to s o c i a l l y equalise matters. The following exclusive in is a list of players and results:the 1890's than we are W r e x h a m C l u b v e r s u s today very Conservative Club m u c h t h e Mr. Locke Holt.....2....Sir Phillip gentleman's Egerton...0 E c l u b . Mr. I n d e e d , Price........1....Mr.Whitehouse..... s o m e ....1 m e m b e r s Mr. R.E. Turner....2....Mr. J. m a y k n o w Kerrison Jones.0 Bill Davies's story of the m e m b e r s ' Chansathya consterna-

1 May 2006




Coconut Shell Dance Directed and supervised by Mr. Chheng Phon, the dance was placed into the curriculum of the Royal University of Fine Arts in 1966, and continues to be widely performed today. Originating from Svay Rieng Province, this dance was inspired from a coconut shell game previously played in wedding ceremonies.

Popular and loved by Cambodian people, it is highly rhythmical and punctuated with shouts and the rapping of coconuts, expressing happiness and harmony in life. The coconut dance is a routine that Cambodian people traditionally perform after working hard in the fields and on occasions such as Khmer newyear and sometimes at weddings. The dance means a lot to Cambodian people, especially singles in the countryside, who tend to value traditions like these more highly than city-dwellers nowadays. The dance symbolises youth and fertility, and also represents how much people value the life-giving coconut fruit and its by-products, which are a staple crop across the nation.

houses, and harvest products like the roots, trunks, leaves, shells, fruit and nectar from the trees. The shell of the coconut is used in rural areas to make useful household items such as scoops, measures, combs, bowls and musical instruments. The coconut shells make a sweet sound when knocked together Cambodian villagers like to plant and such 'music' encourages coconut palms around their villagers to dance and relax

especially after a hard day represent a man and a woman, working on the paddy field. It has traditionally symbolized by water since developed into a and earth in Khmer art and legend. favorite pastime for unmarried people in the villages, who often People today still perform the assume different forms, such as coconut dance to a traditional the praying mantis, to tease and Khmer music almost similar to arouse interest in each other. that played during wedding The coconut dance originated in c e r e m o n i e s , j u s t a s t h e i r Romeas Heak district in Svay ancestors did in the past. There Rieng province, and is thought to is a particular kind of music that is h a v e reserved for weddings - a wellb e e n loved Khmer tradition, which to c o m- Cambodian people symbolizes p o s e d the start of a new, married life. s o m e The music of the coconut dance t i m e is almost as pleasant and a r o u n d cheerful. 1 9 6 0 . T h e Nou Sokha, chief of the commitd a n c e tee of traditional Khmer music at t e l l s o f the Royal University of Culture t h e and Fine Arts, explained the tradition complexities of ceremonial o f l o v e wedding music. between a d u l t "There are about 133 songs men and people play during wedding y o u n g ceremonies. It is very important g i r l s i n for starting a new family life for t h e Khmer adults and girls and it is a c o u n t r y- s tr o n g s o u v e n i r b e tw e e n a side. The husband and a wife," he said. coconut s h e l l s Chansathya

1 May 2006




History of Volleyball History Of Swimming The game of volleyball, originally called "mintonette", was invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan, after the invention of basketball by only 4 years. Morgan, a graduate of the Springfield College of the YMCA, designed the game to be a combination of basketball, baseball, tennis and handball. The first volleyball net, borrowed from tennis, was only 6'6" high (though you need to remember that the average American was shorter in the 19th century).

League was created.

Swimming has been known B.C. The Indian palace Mohenjo

! 1996: 2-person beach s i n c e p r e h i s t o r i c t i m e s . Daro from 2800B.C. contains a

volleyball debuted as an Olympic Drawings from the Stone Age swimming pool sized 30m by w e r e f o u n d i n " t h e c a v e o f 60m. The Minoan palace Minos Sport. swimmers" near Wadi Sora (or of Knossos in Crete also featured ! 1997: Dain Blanton Sura) in the southwestern part of baths. An Egyptian tomb from (with Canyon Ceman) becomes E g y p t . I n 1 5 3 8 N i c o l a s 2000 B.C. shows a variant of the t h e f i r s t A f r i c a n - A m e r i c a n Wynman, German professor of f r o n t c r a w l . D e p i c t i o n s o f professional beach volleyball l a n g u a g e s , w r o t e t h e f i r s t swimmers were also found from player to win a tournament on the swimming book, "Colymbetes". the Hittites, Minoans, and other Miller Lite/AVP Tour. Competitive swimming in Europe Middle Eastern civilizations, the ! 1999: For the first time started around 1800, mostly Incas in the Tepantitla House at beach volleyball was included in using breaststroke. The front Teotihuacan, and in mosaics in the Pan American Games which crawl, then called the trudgen, Pompeii. were held in Canada. was introduced in 1873 by John Arthur Trudgen, copying it from Written references date back to Native Americans. Swimming 2000 B.C. including Gilgamesh, was part of the first modern the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible O l y m p i c g a m e s i n 1 8 9 6 i n (Ezekiel 47:5, Acts 27:42, Isaiah Athens. In 1902 the trudgen was 25:11), Beowulf, and other improved by Richard Cavill, sagas, although the style is using the flutter kick. In 1908, the never described. There are also world swimming association, many mentions of swimmers in Federation Internationale de t h e Va t i c a n , B o r g i a n a n d Natation de Amateur (FINA), was Bourbon codices. formed. Butterfly was first a variant of breaststroke, until it The Greeks did not include was accepted as a separate style swimming in the ancient Olympic The offensive style of setting and ! 2002: Beach volleyball Games, but practiced the sport, spiking was first demonstrated in court dimensions reduced to 8m in 1952. often building swimming pools as the Philippines in 1916. Over the x 8m per side. part of their baths. One common Ancient Times years that followed, it became ! 2 0 0 3 : K a r c h K i r a l y Drawings from the Stone Age insult in Greece was to say about clear that standard rules were needed for tournament play, and becomes the first player to earn w e r e f o u n d i n " t h e c a v e o f somebody that he/she neither thus the USVBA (United States US$3M in prize money and swimmers" near Wadi Sora (or knew how to run nor swim. Volleyball Association) was oldest player to win an AVP Sura) in the southwestern part of tournament at age 42 years, 9 Egypt near Libya. These pictures A series of reliefs from 850 B.C. formed in 1928. months and 14 days. (You're seem to show breaststroke or in the Nimrud Gallery of the Two years later, the first 2-man dog paddle, although it may also British Museum show swimmers, beach volleyball game was never too old for volleyball!) 2005: Olympic gold be possible that the movements mostly in military context, often played, though the professional ! side of the sport did not emerge medalists Kerri Walsh and Misty have a ritual meaning unrelated using swimming aids. until much later. Not surprisingly, May-Treanor win their second to swimming. This cave t h e f i r s t b e a c h v o l l e y b a l l A s s o c i a t i o n o f Vo l l e y b a l l is also featured in the a s s o c i a t i o n a p p e a r e d i n P r o f e s s i o n a l s ( AV P ) O p e n m o v i e T h e E n g l i s h C a l i f o r n i a ( 1 9 6 5 ) , a n d t h e women's title and the 2005 Patient. An Egyptian professional players united overall women's championship. c l a y s e a l d a t e d 2006: It looks to be an between 4000 B.C. and under the auspices of the AVP  Kong Lin 9000 B.C. shows four ( A m e r i c a n V o l l e y b a l l exciting year! Swimming has been known s w i m m e r s w h o a r e Professionals) in 1983. believed to be swimDuring the 1984 Los Angeles ming a variant of the Olympics, American men and front crawl. More women took gold and silver references to swimming medals in indoor volleyball are found in Babylonian competition. Four years later at bas-reliefs and the Olympics in Korea, the men Assyrian wall drawings, once again scored gold. Starting depicting a variant of in 1996, 2-man beach volleyball the breaststroke. The was officially introduced to the most famous drawings Olympics. Today, there are more were found in the Kebir than 800 million volleyball desert and are players worldwide, 46 million of estimated to be from them in the U.S. around 4000 B.C. The ! 1989: the FIVB Sports Nagoda bas-relief also Aid Program was created. shows swimmers ! 1990: the World dating back from 3000

1 May 2006




Eating Habits and Time “The things that I fear most for my people are being overweight, sleeping too much, laziness and a lack of deep faith.” A saying from 7th century

talking. This is the path to the spiritual life.” Sufi proverb The Impact of Effective time management What We Eat occurs only when we force and Drink ourselves to perform important activities within a plan so that we In addition to can reach our goals. Goal setting the amount of and planning our activities are food, the type important steps in this. But if we of food we eat fail to engage in these activities i s also and to finish them, then we end i m p o r t a n t . up with an unfulfilled plan on our Certain types hands. Our mind-body is the only of food may vehicle through which we can energize our accomplish our goals in life. Our brain, while eating habits, including the type certain others and amount of food we eat, affect m a k e it our mind-body in many ways, sluggish.3 In such as our energy and stress o r d e r t o level and our sleep patterns. increase one's energy levels, Hence, it is crucial to examine n u t r i t i o n i s t s r e c o m m e n d a the impact of eating habits on our balanced diet that is devoid of mind-body. It is notable that time- h a r m f u l s u b s t a n c e s . A n management literature's vast important property of the food we majority pays little or no attention eat. to this aspect of mind-body control. In this article we will Conclusion consider three factors in this r e s p e c t : T h e i m p a c t o f t h e In this article we have addressed amount of food we eat, the timing a commonly overlooked aspect of meals, and the nature of our of time management: The impact food. of our eating habits on selfcontrol and productivity. In “Limit eating, limit sleeping, limit addition to its negative conse-

quences on our health, eating too much also affects how we make use of our time. Overeating is one of the primary causes for excessive sleep, fatigue, and loss of mental energy. Foods rich in simple sugars in particular are responsible for dips in performance shortly after consumption. The type of food we eat and the timing of our meals also impact our mind-body. Various hormones that affect our performance are affected by our nutrition pattern. In the saying we quoted above, l i n k s e x c e ssive sleep, laziness, and a lack of reflection with overeating. T h e r e c o mmendation from the past is fully applicable t o d a y : Moderate eating is the key to selfcontrol and effective time management. The number and frequency of American children eating restaurantserved fried foods are

climbing at an alarming rate, according to a new study of more than 14,000 adolescents. Harvard researchers found the number of children who regularly ate meals outside the home more than doubled during the t h r e e y e a r s o f t h e s t u d y, conducted from 1996 to 1999. This change in eating habits was associ ated w ith i ncreasing weight gain in boys, plus restrictions in children's access to healthier foods. Trends like these don't bode well for these youngster's adult lives, the researchers warned. "Adolescence is a very risky time to develop poor eating habits. If you become overweight [at this time], it's very hard to lose the weight and much more likely to become overweight as an adult," said study author Dr. Elsie Taveras, director of a pediatric obesity-prevention program called One Step Ahead at Children's Hospital Boston. Reporting in the October issue of Pediatrics, Taveras and her colleagues surveyed 14,355 children between the ages of 9 and 14, recording their height, weight, physical activity and frequency of consumption of fried food away from home.

1 May 2006




BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU PLANT An emperor in the Far East was growing old and knew it was time to choose his successor. Instead of choosing one of his assistants or his children, he decided something different. He called young people in the kingdom together one day. He said, "It is time for me to step down and choose the next emperor. I have decided to choose one of you.”

other youths. They were beautiful in all shapes and sizes. Ling put his empty pot on the floor and many of the other kinds laughed at him. A few felt sorry for him and just said, "Hey nice try.”

When Ling got to the front, the Emperor asked his name. "My name is Ling," he replied. All the kids were laughing and making fun of him. The emperor asked everyone to quiet down. He looked at Ling, and then announced to the crowd, When the emperor arrived, he "Behold your new emperor! His surveyed the room and greeted name is Ling!" Ling couldn't the young people. Ling just tried believe it. Ling couldn't even

The kids were shocked! But the emperor continued. "I am going to give each one of you a seed today. One very special seed. I want you to plant the seed, water it and come back here after one year from today with what you have grown from this one seed. I will then judge the plants that you bring, and the one I choose will be the next emperor!” One boy named Ling was there that day and he, like the others, received a seed. He went home and excitedly told his mother the story. She helped him get a pot and planting soil, and he planted the seed and watered it carefully. Every day he would water it and watch to see if it had grown. After about three weeks, some of the other youths began to talk about their seeds and the plants that were beginning to grow.

Therefore, he is the one who will be the new emperor!” If you plant honesty, you will reap trust. If you plant goodness, you will reap friends. If you plant humility, you will reap greatness. If you plant perseverance, you will reap victory. If you plant consideration, you will reap harmony If you plant hard work, you will reap success. If you plant forgiveness, you will reap reconciliation. If you plant openness, you will reap intimacy. If you plant patience, you will reap improvements. If you plant faith, you will reap miracles. But If you plant dishonesty, you will reap distrust. If you plant selfishness, you will reap loneliness. If you plant pride, you will reap destruction. If you plant envy, you will reap trouble. If you plant laziness, you will reap stagnation. If you plant bitterness, you will reap isolation. If you plant greed, you will reap loss. If you plant gossip, you will reap enemies. If you plant worries, you will reap wrinkles. If you plant sin, you will reap guilt.

Ling kept checking his seed, but nothing ever grew. 3 weeks, 4 weeks, 5 weeks went by. Still nothing. By now, others were talking about their plants but Ling didn't have a plant, and he felt like a failure. Six months went by, still nothing in Ling's pot. He just knew he had killed his seed. Everyone else had trees and tall plants, but he had nothing. Ling didn't say anything to his friends, however. He just kept waiting for his seed to grow. A year finally went by and all the youths of the kingdom brought their plants to the emperor for inspection. Ling told his mother that he wasn't going to take an empty pot. But honest about what happened, Ling felt sick to his stomach, but he knew his mother was right. He took his empty pot to the palace. When Ling arrived, he was amazed at the variety of plants grown by the

another seed for the one I gave you. Ling was the only one with the courage and honesty to bring me a pot with my seed in it.

to hide in the back. "What great plants, trees and flowers you have grown," said the emperor. " To d a y, o n e o f y o u w i l l b e appointed the next emperor!" All of a sudden, the emperor spotted Ling at the back of the room with his empty pot. He ordered his guards to bring him to the front. Ling was terrified. "The emperor knows I'm a failure! Maybe he will have me killed!”

grow his seed. How could he be the new emperor? Then the emperor said, "One year ago today, I gave everyone here a seed. I told you to take the seed, plant it, water it, and bring it back to me today. But I gave you all boiled seeds, which would not grow. All of you, except Ling, have brought me trees and plants and flowers. When you found that the seed would not grow, you substituted

So be careful what you plant now, It will determine what you will reap tomorrow, The seeds you now scatter, Will make life worse or better, your life or the ones who will come after. Yes, someday, you will enjoy the fruits, or you will pay for the choices you plant today.

1 May 2006




Zaman International School Newspaper Issue 36