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VOICE

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Vol.7 / No.25

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Weekly

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VOICE

The

Vol.7 / No.25

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

VOICE

The

Weekly

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 33

Vol.7 / No.25 - June 6 - 12 , 2011 Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

NEWS MAKER

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4

VOICE

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LOCAL EDITORIAL

tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm;ESifU rufc½dkabm*aA' jrefrmEdkifiH\ EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&; odkYr[kwf EdkifiHpD;yGm;a&;udk jyefvnfwnfaqmufa&;ESifhywfoufí r[mAsL[mudk pOf;pm;vQif okawoejyKp&m tajctaersm;pGm? aumuf,lp&mudef;*Pef;rsm;pGm? ynm&Siaf ygif;rsm;pGm vdt k yfrnfjzpfygonf/ odYk aomf wpfzufwiG f vnf; vuf&v dS ufiif;jyKjyif&ef vdt k yfonfh 0d0g'uGv J pJG &mr&Sad om vkyif ef;pOf rsm; &Sdaeygonf/ jrefrmEdik if \ H pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrrI sm;wGif ynm&Sirf sm;onf rdrdwdkY oef&moef&m½IaxmifhrS ajymqdkaeMujcif;jzpfaomfvnf; e,fy,f ESpcf w k iG f jyKjyifp&mrsm;&Sad eonfqakd omtcsurf mS &Si;f ygonf/ ¤if;wdYkrmS (1) Institutional reforms and institutional capacity building Oya'? enf;Oya'? vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;ESifh 'dkifvlBuD;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; (EdkifiHa&;abm*aA'bmom&yf) (2) Macroeconomic Reforms rufc½dpk ;D yGm;a&;qdik &f mrsm; (pD;yGm;a&; bmom&yf) tqdkyg e,fy,fESpfckwGif Institutions rsm;ESifhywfoufí vkyf aqmifzG,f&mtcsKdUrSm 0d0g'uGJvGJp&mr&SdbJ ,ckyifrjzpfraevkyfaqmif Edkifonfhudp&ö yfrsm;jzpfygonf/ Oyrmtaejzifh ajym&vQif oufqdkif&m XmetoD;oD;u rdrdwdkYaMumifhjzpf&aom Transaction Cost rsm; (Flaws rsm;) &SmazGavQmhcsay;jcif;rsKd;jzpfNyD; þudprö Sm or®wBuD;ay;xm;aom uwdvnf;jzpfygonf/ rufc½dkpD;yGm;a&;ESifhywfoufvQif udef;*Pef;rsm; trSef&&Sda&;? vdktyfaom Structural ac: wnfaqmufyHkESifhywfoufí rufc½dk pD;yGm; a&;rl0g'rsm;ESifhywfoufonfhokawoeESifh vkyfenf;vkyf[eftrsKd;rsKd; avhvma&;wdYkvt kd yfygonf/ xku d pd rö sm;rSmrl tcsed , f í l vkyaf qmif&rnfh taetxm;&Sdygonf/ vTwfawmfa&;&maumfrwDrsm;u Institutional Reforms ESifh ywfoufí avhvmrIrsm; jyKvkyaf eaMumif; aumfrwD0ifrsm;\ xkwaf zmf ajymMum;csuft& od&Sd&ygonf/ xdkudpörsm;twGuf vTwfawmf Ouú|BuD;rsm;ESifh wm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk txl;yifaus;Zl;wif&SdaMumif; azmfjyvdkygonf/ tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmbufwGifrl xdkodkYaom jyifqifrI rsm;udk rawGU&ao;bJ&SdaeygaMumif; . . ./ t,f'Dwm (30-5-2011) The

VOICE Weekly

The Product of Myanmar Partners Think Tank Group (A Sister Publication of Living Color Magazine) Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe Editor in-charge - Zeya Thu Editor - Kyaw Naing Graphic Editors - Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine MandalayCorrespondent- Tin Linn , Senior Reporters - Kyaw San Min, Hline Thit Zin Wai Kyaw Kyaw Min,Naing Min Wai, Zar Li Kyaw, Photographer - Moe Kyaw Junior Reporters - Kyaw Zayar Htun, Aung Soe, ThuReinHlaing @ Khunn Thu, Kyaw Myo Htun,Min Myo, Moe Khine,Kyu Kyu Thin(Moe Myay), Zar Ni Htun, Freelance Reporters - Associated News, Nwe Nwe, Phyo Wai Soe, Min Thu Khaing,Ye Win Naing, Aung Aung Tun,Aye Kyawt Khine, Zaw Phyo,Kyi Kyi Lwin,Kyaw Swar Soe, Phyo Phyo Wai, Zin Mar Lar Htay (Green) Aung Bo Bo Shein, Mya Kay Khine Web Administrator - Hein Aung Zaw (Yangonese!) Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099) Distribution Price - 380 Kyat Office - Thamada Hotel (Business Suite), No. 5, Alanpya Pagoda Road, Dagon Township, Yangon. 242424, 393192, MarketingDepartment - 242424, 393192, 09 5176835 Hot Line - 73030047, 393316 , Distribution - 09 5176831 Website www.thevoicemyanmar.com Press Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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5 Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

Vol.7 / No.25

VOICE

The

Weekly

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The

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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6

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011


LOCAL

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

News in Brief uGefysLwmynm&Siftoif;0ifrsm;udk pmar;yGJaMu; q,f&mckdifEIef;avQmU rEÅav;? ar 28

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rEåav;wGif &moDOwkajymif;vJjcif;qkid &f mq&mjzpfoifwef;zGiUf rEÅav;? ar 29

obm0ywf0ef;usix f ed ;f odr;f a&;qkid &f m tzGUJ tpnf;jzpfonfh ECODEV u rEÅav;NrKdUawmfwiG f arv 24&ufrS 27&ufaeYtxd &moDOwkajymif;vJjcif; qkdif&m q&mjzpfoifwef; (Training for Trainer on the Climate Change) ukd zGifhvSpfykdYcscJhaMumif; tqkdygtzGJUxHrS od&onf/ ,if;oifwef;wGif urÇmBuD;ylaEG;vmrIESihf rSefvkHtdrf"mwfaiGUrsm;? &moDOwkajymif;vJjcif;ESifh avsmhyg;apjcif;? vku d af vsmnDaxGaejcif; enf;vrf; rsm;? a*[aA'pepf? &moDOwkajymif;vJjcif;&m ykdpwmrsm;jyKvkyfjcif;? tkyfpk cGJí oifcef;pmwpfckcsif;pDtwGuf vufawGUavhusifhcef;rsm; jyKvkyfjcif;? a'ocHwkdY yl;aygif;yg0ifí ¤if;wkdYukd,fwkdif a'o\tajctaeukd tuJjzwf qef;ppfjcif;enf;vrf;rsm; ponfhtaMumif;t&mrsm;ukd oifMum;ykdYcsaMumif; oifwef;om;rsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/ ,if;oifwef;wufa&mufNyD;olrsm;ukd qifyh mG ;oifwef;rsm; ydYk cs&efvnf; &SdaMumif; ECODEV \tkyfcsKyfrI'g½kdufwm OD;0if;rsKd;olu ajymMum;onf/ tqkdygoifwef;ukd ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh aus;vufzGHUNzKd;a&; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrsm; aqmif&Gufaeaom ECODEV ESihf pdrf;a&mifpkd Activities wkdY yl;aygif;pDpOfNyD; oifwef;om; 25 OD;wufa&mufcJhonf/ nMdy News

udk&D;,m;EkdifiHxkwf ukefypönf;rsm;jyyGJusif;yrnf &efukef? ar 28

udk&D;,m;pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrItoif; (KOTRA) ESifh Logic Myanmar Co.,Ltd. wdkYyl;aygif;í udk&D;,m;ukefypönf;jyyGJwpf&yfudk &efukefNrdKU wyfrawmfcef;rwGif ZGefv 10 &ufrS 13 &ufaeYtxd usif;yjyKvkyfrnf jzpfaMumif; tqkdygjyyGJrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/ Made in Korea and Living facilities Exhibition [ktrnfay;xm;aom tqkdygjyyGJwGif udk&D;,m;EkdifiHrS xkwfukefypönf;rsm;ESifh aexkdifrIqkdif&m ypönf; rsm;jyornfjzpfaMumif;? ud&k ;D ,m;Ekid if x H w k f toH;k taqmifEiS hf pm;aomufuek f ypön;f rsm;yg0ifjyornft h jyif wku d u f rG 'f o kd ½kyjf y wifqufazsmaf jzrI? ud&k ;D ,m; rdwfuyfvufawGU o½kyfjyyGJrsm;vnf; yg0ifrnfhtjyif uHprf;rJtpDtpOfrsm; yg0ifaMumif; ¤if;u qdkonf/ njynf h N zd K ;vif ;

Pre University Course ESifU MBA tajccHoifwef;

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Ekid if w H um wuúov kd Ef iS ahf umvdyrf sm;wGif wufa&mufvo kd rl sm;twGuf Pre University Course oHk;voifwef;udk ZGefvwGif &efukefNrdKUawmf&Sd Unique Life Education Center (ULEC) üzGifhrnfjzpfaMumif; ULEC xHrSod&Sd&onf/

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8

VOICE

The

LOCAL

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

TRADE

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VOICE OF THE WEEK

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2008^09 855.996 15 94 20 -

2009^10 2.5 15.25 6 237.6 41 -

2010^11 5081.12 2945 5394.7 2418.49 -

Source: CSO TRANSPORT

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LOCAL

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

9

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10

VOICE

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LOCAL

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

MARKET

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LOCAL

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

News in Brief

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EDUCATION

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14

VOICE

The

ENVIRONMENT

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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[krv ® if;? rk&H mG paomNrdKUrsm;ESihf ,if;nDvmcHudk *syef? jrefrm? w½kwfESifh tdE´d,EdkifiHrsm;rS obm00ef;usifynm&Sifrsm;udk txl;OD;pm;ay;ac:,l&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;? a&aMumif;ukeo f , G o f mG ;vma&;ukyd g avQmufxm;vdkolrsm;twGuf aeYpOftaxGaxGp&dwfESifh toGm;tjyefav,mOfvufrSwfc? wnf;cdk&efae&mESifh pm;aomuf&efwdkYudk pDrHay;rnf jzpfNyD; xdckdufapaomaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;t& avQmufxm;vdkolrsm;bufu nDvmcHwGif owfrSwfxm;aom pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifh avQmufvTmwGif jznfhoGif;&rnfhtcsufrsm;udk wdusrSefuefpGm vnf; epfemqkH;½IH;aponf/ jznfhoGif;&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/ ]]rkd;wGif;a&BuD;&if rESpfuvkd ]]tar&duefjynfaxmifpk&JU 'DnDvmcHrSm jrefrmEdkifiHu obm00ef;usifynm&SifawGudk zdwfMum;wm 'geJYqdk 'kwd,tBudrf&SdygNyD/ yxrtBudrf jzpfrSmukdawmh aMumufw,fAsm}} [k wkef;u UN ½Hk;csKyfrSm vkyfcJhwmyg/ avQmufwJhtcg tawGUtBuHKawGudk aumif;aumif;a&;wifzdkYawmh vdkygvdrfhr,f}} [k yxrtBudrf nDvmcHokdY OD;aZmfjrifhu pkd;&drfoHjzifh a&&Gwf wufa&mufcJhol Myanmar Survey Envirology International rS a'gufwmcGefvGifOD;u ajymMum;onf/ vkdufonf/ nDvmcHwufa&muf&ef pdwf0ifpm;aom ynm&Sifrsm;taejzifh rufqmcsL;qufenf;ynmwuúodkvf\ http://MIT/disasterforuml 11/html/ application/edu udk 0ifa&mufNyD; avQmufxm;EdkifaMumif; owif;xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/ < rif;xufpH

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 15

Vol.7 / No.25 - June 6 - 12 , 2011

15

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

PERSPECTIVE

VOICE

The

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(State Capacity)

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Myanmar happened to be a country of low per capita income with high transaction cost without having any significant international trade and investment - except from China.

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jynfolha&;&m0efaqmifrIqdkonfrSm EdkifiHawmfrsm;udk,fpm; tpdk;&wdkhuomvQif aqmifMuOf;ay;&jcif;jzpfaomaMumifU xdkwm0efudkxrf;aqmifrnfU tpdk;&wdkh\ Capacity udkajymqdk&ef vdktyfcsuf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfygonf/ State Capacity udk ajymqdk&jcif;onf tpdk;&udk a0zefjcif;r[kwfbJ EdkifiHawmfrsm;u rnfonfhtajctaetcsdeftcgrsKd;wGifom rnfodkhpGufzufoifUonfqdkaomtcsufudk jynfolvlxktusKd;iSm tBuHjyKwifjy&jcif;jzpfonf[k ½Ijrifay;EdkifvQif jrefrmEdkifiHwGif 'Drdkua&pDpepfudk usifUoHk;&efESifU Good Governance yef;wdkifodkha&muf&Sd&ef rcJ,Of;yg[k qdkcsifygonf/ tpdk;&udk a0zefjcif;r[kwfbJ EdkifiHawmfrsm;u rnfonfhtajc taetcsdeftcgrsKd;wGifom rnfodkYpGufzufoifhonfqdkaom tcsufudk jynfolvlxktusKd;iSm tBuHjyKwifjy&jcif;jzpfonf[k ½Ijrifay;Edik v f Qif jrefrmEdik if w H iG f 'Dru kd a&pDpepfukd usifo h ;kH &efEiS hf Good Governance yef;wdi k o f Ykd a&muf&dS &ef rcJ,Of;yg[k qdck sifyg onf/ atmif x G # f

CARTOON OF THE WEEK


16

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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PERSPECTIVE

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

17

VOICE

The

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18

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PERSPECTIVE

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PERSPECTIVE

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

19

VOICE

The

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a'gufwkdifav;wdkif zGYHjzdK;wdk;wufaeaom pGefYOD;wDxGifpD;yGm; (Entrepreneurial

Economy) wpfckjzpfay:a&;wGif

pGefYOD;wDxGif vkyfief;&Sifrsm;? t&G,fa&mufukrÜPDMuD;rsm;? tpdk;&ESifh wuúodkvfrsm;[lí a'gufwdkifav;ck&Sdonf/

pGefhOD;wDxGif vkyfief;&Sifrsm; ukrÜPDopfrsm;? wnfaxmifpvkyfief;rsm;onf yxr a'gufwdkifjzpfonf/ xdkukrÜPDrsm;udk wnfaxmifolrsm;onf odyÜHynm&Sifrsm;? ukefypönf;trnfopfwpfckudk wDxGifolrsm; jzpfwwfaomfvnf; trsm;tm;jzifh xdkokdYr[kwfMuyg/ [kwf&ef vnf; rvdkyg/ armfawmfum;xkwfvkyfa&;\ zcifMuD;ozG,f Ü w D nfaxmifo)l armfueG ;f wifc&H ol Henry Ford (Ford um;ukrP onf armfawmfum; wDxGifolr[kwf/ 0,f,lolwdkY pdwfwdkif;us uGeyf sLwmrsm;udk xkwv f yk &f mrS emrnfausmv f mol Michael Dell onfvnf; uGefysLwmenf;ynmwpfckwavudkrQ rwDxGifcJhyg/ olwdkY\vkyfief;rsm;udk xkwfvkyfa&;ESifh aps;uGufwifa&;qdkif&m pdwu f ;l pdwo f ef;rsm;ay:wGif tajccHum xdyk *k K¾d vfwYkd wnfaxmif cJhonf/ wpfzef xdkpdwful;pdwfoef;rsm;rSmvnf; &SdESifhjyD;om; oabmw&m;rsm;udk iSm;&rf; aygif;pyf zefwD;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ vkyfief;opfrsm;? ukrÜPDopfrsm;wnfaxmif&ef pdwful; pdwo f ef;aumif;&S½d rHk QEiS hf rvkaH vmuf/ aiG? t&nftcsi;f &S0d efxrf; rsm;ESifh tjcm;vdktyfcsufrsm;pGm &Sdao;onf/ pGefYOD;wDxGifrsm;onf tqdkygvdktyfcsufrsm;udk 'kwd, a'gufwikd jf zpfonfh t&G,af &muf ukrP Ü MD uD;rsm;xHrS &avh&o dS nf/

t&G,fa&mufukrÜPDMuD;rsm; tajccdkifjyD; ukrÜPDMuD;rsm;udk aemufaumufcsrnfh &efol ozG,f pwifpvkyfief;rsm;udk wifpm;avh&Sdaomfvnf; xdktcsuf rrSefyg/ pwifpvkyfief;rsm;ESifh tajcckdifjyD; ukrÜPDMuD;wdkYonf uRef;udik ;f rS?D udik ;f uRef;rD? wpfavSwnf;pD; wpfc&D;wnf;oGm;jzpf onf/ pGefYOD;wDxGifwdkYESifh ukrÜPDMuD;wdkY atmufygtwdkif; tjyef tvSeftusdK;jyKMuonf/ 1/ ukrÜPD &ifhrMuD;rsm;onf wDxGifzefwD;rIrsm; &&Sd&m &if;jrpfaumif;rsm; (Sources of Innovation) tjzpf wnfaxmifp rsm;udk owfrSwfvmjyD; xdkvkyfief;opf? ukrÜPDopfrsm;u xkwf vkyfaom ukefypönf;rsm;? 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk 0,f,ltm;ay;onfh azmufonfrsm;jzpfvmonf/ Oyrm-rdrdukrÜPD\ pepfwGif tpdwftydkif;wpfcktjzpf wyfqif&rnfh txl;aqmhzf0Jrsm;udk ukrÜPDopfrsm;xHrS 0,f,lonf/ 2/ ukrP Ü MD uD;rsm;onf wnfaxmifp ukrP Ü rD sm;udk vlom; t&if;tjrpfrsm; axmufyo hH nf/ ÓPf&nfjrifjh rifh MudK;MudK;pm;pm; pGeYf O;D wDxiG o f rm; vli,frsm;onf ukrP Ü MD uD;rsm;wGif tvky0f if vkyfjyD;? aiGaMu;ESifh t"dutm;jzifh tawGYtMuHK&&SdjyD;rS udk,fydkif vkyfief;wnfaxmifMuavh&Sdonf/ 3/ ukrÜPDMuD;rsm;onf rdrdwdkY\vkyfief;rS tpdwftydkif; tcsKUd udk wnfaxmifprsm;odYk vTt J yfvyk u f ikd af p (Outsource) onf/ 4/ wnfaxmifpwdYku xkwv f yk o f nfh ukeyf pön;f opfayguf oGm;jyDqdkvQif xdkukrÜPDudk ukrÜPD&ifhrMuD;wdkYu 0,f,l0g;rsdK vdu k o f nf/ xdt k cg wnfaxmifol Entrepreneur wdYkonf aiGaMu; MuG,0f oGm;jyD; ,if;wdYk \ aemufxyf pdwu f ;l pdwo f ef;opfrsm;udk taumiftxnfazmfcGifh&&SdoGm;onf/

tpd;k & Entrepreneurial Economy \ wwd,a'gufwi kd rf mS tpd;k & jzpfonf/ tar&duefjynfaxmifpkwGif A[kdtpdk;&onf tcGef aumufcH&&SdaiGrS tcsKdUudkokH;pGJjyD; vkyfief;opfrsm;udk jyKpkysKd; axmifonf/ wDxGifzefwD;rI trsm;tjym; ay:aygufaponfh umuG,fa&;ESifh tmumopDrHudef;rsm;odkY &efykHaiGrsm;xkwfay; jcif;onf enf;vrf;wpfckjzpfonf/ ,aeYwpfurÇmvkH;twGuf tok;H 0ifvo S nfh tifwmeufonf tar&duefumuG,af &; pDru H ed ;f MuD;wpfcrk S aygufzmG ;vmcJo h nf/ tpd;k &at*sifprD sm;onf Small Business Innovation Research Program uJhodkY tpDtrHrsm;rS wpfqifh ukrÜPDopfrsm;wGif tajrmuftjrm; &if;EDS;jr§KyfESHMu onf/ xdYk jyif enf;ynm? aq;ynm? odyyHÜ nm&yfrsm; tp&So d nfh ynm&yfrsKd ;pkH okawoersm;twGuf &efyaHk iGrsm;pGm xkwaf y;onf/ tar&dueftrsdK;om;0ifaiG (GDP) wpfx&Dv, D H (wpfx&Dv, D =H bDvD,H wpfaxmif? wpfbDvD,Honf oef;wpfaxmif)\ wpf &mckid Ef eI ;f jzpfonfh a':vm q,fbv D , D u H kd okawoeESihf zGUH jzdK;a&; twGuf tok;H jyKonf/ xd&k efyaHk iGrsm;xJrS tcsKUd t0ufonf tpd;k & \ okawoetzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESihf yk*v ¾ u d okawoetzGUJ tpnf; rsm;odYk a&muf&o dS mG ;aomfvnf; trsm;pkrmS Entrepreneurial Economy \ pwkwa¬ 'gufwidk jf zpfonfh tar&duefwuúov kd rf sm;odYk pD;qif; oGm;onf/

wuúodkvfrsm; tar&duef wuúodkvfrsm;onf vkyfief;opfrsm; ay:xGef; a&;wGif ta&;tMuD;qkH;jzpfaom pdwful;pdwfoef; Idea opfrsm; udk ykHrSefxkwfvkyfay;aeonfh puf½kHMuD;rsm;jzpfonf/ wuúodkvf \ okawoeudk jyKvkyfonfh ausmif;om;ESifh q&mta&twGuf onf A[dktpdk;&ESifh jynfe,ftpdk;&\ 1960 ESpfrsm;rSpí &if;ESD; jr§KyEf rHS rI sm;aMumifh wpf[ek x f ;kd wd;k wufvmonf/ wuúov kd w f pfck rS awGY&Sdcsuftopf odkYr[kwf wDxGifrIwpfckonf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHol rsm;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;u pD;yGm;a&;wGif tokH;cs&ef ukrP Ü w D nfaxmifvu kd o f nfEiS hf pGeYfO;D wDxiG f pD;yGm;e,fy,ftwGi;f odYk a&muf&o dS mG ;onf/ wuúov kd o f nf ,if;\y&0kPw f iG f xkwf vkyfvdkufonfh wDxGifawGY&SdrI rSwfykHwifrlydkifcGifhwdkif;twGuf &S,f,m&ydkifcGifh&SdjyD; xdkwDxGifrIudk tokH;csonfh ukrÜPDopfwGif xdk&ydkifcGifht& &S,f,m&rnfjzpfonf/ xdo k Ykd ukrP Ü o D pfrsm;ESihf wuúov kd rf sm; yl;aygif;aqmif&u G f rIt& tusKd;tjrwfrsm; MuD;rm;pGmay:xGufvmonf/ odyHÜenf; ynmwGif urÇmausmf rufqmcsL;qufenf;ynmwuúodkvf Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT wpfckwnf;u xGufay:vmonfh ukrÜPDrsm;\ wefzdk;pkpkaygif;onf urÇmwGif 24 ckajrmuf trsK;d om;xkwu f ek f GDP trsm;qk;H jzpfonfh Ekid if w H pfck \ GDP ESiw fh n l o D nf/ wuúov dk rf sm;u xdu k rk P Ü rD sm;xHrS &S,, f m tjzpf&onfh 0ifaiGonfvnf; rsm;jym;vSonf/ Carnegie Mellon University rS jrpfzsm;cHonfh Lycos ukrP Ü aD Mumifh ,if;wuúov dk f wGif taqmufttkHMuD;MuD;wpfckESifh Xmeopfwpfck zGifhvSpfEdkif cJo h nf/ okawoeygarmu©rsm;onfvnf; wuúov kd rf S cGi, hf jl yD; ukrP Ü o D pfxal xmif&mwGif yg0ifwwfonf/ olwYkdonf enf;ynm t&m&SdcsKyf Chief Technology Officer tjzpf wm0ef,lavh&SdjyD; ukrÜPD\aeYpOfvkyfief;rsm;udkrl tawGUtMuHK&ifh pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u OD;aqmifonf/

a&cHajrcH tar&duefEikd if u H o hJ Ykd zGUH jzdK;wd;k wufonfh pGeYfO;D wDxiG f pD;yGm; wnfaqmuf&ef yxrOD;qkH;vdktyfcsufrSm pGefYOD;wDxGifpD;yGm;udk tm;ay;onfh a&cHajrcHjzpfonf/ pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; wnfaxmif &ef vG,u f al ponfh Oya'rsm;? rl0g'rsm; jy|mef;ay;&rnf/ ukrP Ü D opfxl&ef vdkonfhaiGaMu;ESifh vlom;t&if;tjrpfrsm; vufvSrf; rDatmif zefwD;ay;&rnf/ ukrÜPDwpfckwnfaxmif&ef? aiGaMu; axmufy&Hh ef? MuD;xGm;&ef? jyefa&mif;cs&ef vG,u f al tmif tar&duef pmrsufESm 20 od k Y


20

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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2

pmrsufESm 19 pGefYOD;wDxGif pD;yGm;jzifh EdkifiHwnfaqmufjcif; rS tquf Oya'rsm;u zefwD;ay;xm;onf/ tar&duefjynfaxmifpkwGif uRrf;usifynm&Sirf sm; r&&SEd idk jf cif;? ydik q f ikd rf rI sm;wGif tmrcHcsuf tar&duefEkdifiHom;wpfOD; ukrÜPDopfwpfck xlaxmifrSwfykHwif r&Sdjcif;? ydkifqdkifrIrsm;udk ra&TUajymif;Ekdifjcif; ponfh tcuftcJ &ef aeY0ufomMumonf/ xdYk jyif tar&duef tcGeOf ya'rsm;onf rsm;udk MuKHawGY&onf/ tpdk;&vnf; tcGefr&? Entrepreneur ukrÜPDopfrsm;odkY aiGaMu;axmufyHh&ef qGJaqmiftm;ay;xm; rsm; vnf; xdkufoifhoavmuf tusKd;cHpm;cGifhr&onfhtwGuf onf/ a'0gvDcHOya'rsm;uvnf; t½IH;ay:ukrÜPDwpfckudk rdat; ESpfcgemjcif;jzpfonf/ w&m;0ifpD;yGm;a&; Official enf;vrf; wus zsuo f rd ;f &mwGif vG,u f al p&ef jyKvkyx f m;onf/ Economy rSmrl oD;oefYukrÜPDMuD;rsm;? wnfqJvkyfief;rsm;? xdkYaMumifh ukrÜPDrsm;tm; aiGaMu;axmufyhHvkdolrsm;twGuf twGif;pnf;yk*¾dKvf rsm;twGufom jzpfavh&Sdonf/ aiGaMu;qkH;½IH; rnfh tEå&m,fudk avsmhyg;apjyD; ukrÜPDzsuf&rnfh pGeYfO;D wDxiG f orm;twGuv f nf; vkyif ef;opf tjrefpEdik af ponf/ ae&mwdkif; Entrepreneurial Economy onf a'gufwdkifav;ckvkH;udk zGUH jzKd ;qJEidk if t H csKUd wGif tcsed u f ek jf y;D aps;Mu;D (High Transaction tav;xm; *½kpdkufonfhEdkifiHrsm;wGif zGHUjzdK;onf/ Cost) onfh MudK;eDpepfaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;pwif&ef cufcJ Four-sector model onfrnfonfhEdkifiHwGifrqdk vufawGY avh&Sdonf/ pGefYOD;wDxGiform;rsm;ESifh aiG&SifaMu;&Sifrsm;onf f nft h wGuf jrefrmEkid if w H iG v f nf; a&cHajrcHaumif;ap xdktcuftcJrsm;udk a&SmifuGif;um pD;yGm;a&;vkyfEkdif&ef arSmifcdk tok;H csEidk o pD;yGm;wpfcu k kd wnfaxmifMu&onf/ xdt k cg tpd;k &onf tcGet f c a&;? rufvkH;rsm;zefwD;ay;a&;om ta&;MuD;ygonf/ aZ,sol r&awmhay/ wpfzef Oya'ywGif a&mufaeaomaMumifh xdv k yk if ef; Ref: Building Entrepreneurial Economies. Carl Schramm rsm;onf vdt k yfonfh MuD;MuD;rm;rm; &if;ES;D jr§KyfErHS rI sm; r&&Sjd cif;?

wef;tqifh yOörwef;rSpí tajccHynmtxufwef;txd ausmif;vcwpfEpS pf m 500 usyfrS trsm;qH;k wpfaxmifusyftxd aumufc&H ,lvsuf? Edik if aH wmfukd jyefvnfay;oGi;f &onfph epfEiS hf ausmif;&efyHkaiGtjzpf yOörwef;rS tajccHynmtxufwef;txd wpfESpfpm usyfwpfaxmifaumufcH&,lMujcif;rsKd;udkom awGU& ygonf/ wpfO;D vQiu f syw f pfaxmifrQaom aiGaMu;onf ausmif; wpfausmif;\ acgif;pOfaygif;ajrmufrsm;pGmaom toH;k p&dwrf sm; twGuf ({nfhcHp&dwf? vufaqmifp&dwf? ynm&nfcRefqkay;yGJ p&dwfrsm;tygt0if) ]qifhyg;pyf? ESrf;yuf} onfodkYom&Sdae aMumif;udk (rdbq&mtoif;) ausmif;tusKd;awmfaqmiftzGJU ponfh ausmif;ESifheD;pyfonfh ausmif;om;rdbrsm;em;vnf oabmaygufMuygonf/ ausmif;wpfausmif;vHk;udk pDrHcefYcGJMu &onfh ausmif;tkyfq&mBuD;? q&mrBuD;rsm;qdkvQif q&myDo vQif yDooavmuf txufrD;^atmufrD; ab;? b,fnmrD;rsm; Mum;0,f tyl½yk Ef iS hf vlvyk af eMu&&Smayvdrrhf nf[k ,lq&ygonf/ pma&;olwdkYudk;wef;? q,fwef;ausmif;om;b0? vGefcJh aom ESpfaygif; 40 ausmfcefYu ausmif;&efyHkaiG usyfwpfq,f xufrenf;xnfh0if&NyD; udk;wef; (e0r) ausmif;vc vpOf ig;usy?f q,fwef; (tajccHynmtxufwef;) ausmif;vc vpOf ajcmufusyf ay;oGif;cJhMu&onfudk owd&rdygonf/ ]yg;yg; av;yguGm} [k ta0zefrapmapcsifyg/ xdkumvu xrif; wpfeyfqikd rf mS t0pm;vQif (wpfusy)f omay;&onfEiS hf EdiI ;f ,SOyf g u ,aeYumv ausmif;&efyHkaiGESifh ausmif;vconf vGefpGm enf;yg;aeonf udk ausmif;om;rdbrsm;ESihf ynma&;udk pDrcH efYcJG aeMuol OD;pD;OD;aqmifjyKaeMuolrsm; av;av;eufeuf owdjyK Munfhapcsifygonf/ Edik if aH wmfu tppt&m&m wm0ef,rl nf[k ]vlMum;aumif; w&m;em} ? toHus,fcJhonfh ]jrefrmhenf;jrefrmh[ef}? ]26} ESpf umv\ acwfaESmif;ydik ;f rStpjyKí rsKd;aphcspdu k yf sKd;&ifo h efymG ;rsm; vmonfh &efyakH iGrvHak vmufrEI iS hf aemufqufwjJG yóemrsm;onf ausmif;om;rdbrsm;xHu tvSLaiGraumuf&[k wif;wif;usyf usyt f rdeYf xw k jf yef ta&;,l½rkH Qjzifh atmifjrifEikd o f nfh ukx;kH enf; pepfjzpfvdrfhrnf[k pm½IolwdkYtaejzifh vufcHrnfhol tawmf enf;rnf[k ,lqrdygonf/ BuD;MuyfprD o H nft h qifrh sm;vQif rsm; onfhtavsmuf pdwfBudKufausmif;tyfESHcsifol rdbrsm;wGif tuket f usyrkd sm;NyD; ausmif;u trSew f u,fvufc&H &Srd nfh tvSL aiGenf;yg;oGm;onfhtjzpfrsKd;om BuHKvmEdkifonfudkvnf; owd jyKrdMuapcsifygonf/ 0ifvmorQ ausmif;om;wdkif;udk vufcHEdkif&ef taqmuf ttHk? y&dabm*? q&m^rESifh oHk;pGJ&rnfh &efyHkaiGudk EdkifiHawmfu jznfq h nf;ay;Edik jf cif;r&Sad o;onfh umvtwGi;f yk*v ¾ u d ausmif; rsm; us,fus,fjyefYjyefYzGifhcGifhjyKjcif;ESifh a'oqdkif&mynma&; pDrHcefYcGJolrsm;u olYa'otvdkuf rQwpGmaqmif&Gufay;onfh ]cGJ wrf;} ESifhtnD rtyfcsifMuonfh rdbrsm;u ¤if;wdkYtyfcsifonfh ausmif;rsm;\ &efyakH iGvt kd yfcsufEiS t hf nD vSLEdik í f vSLMujcif;ESihf tvSLaiGrsm;rsm; xnfhcsifvmatmif? oGm;a&;vma&; vG,ful jcif;? tqmufttHk y&dabmujynfhpHkjcif;? q&m^r jynfhpHkjcif;? toiftjyaumif;jcif;? pnf;urf;aumif;jcif;? tajccHynm txufwef;pmar;yGJ atmifjrifr&I mEIe;f jrifrh m;jcif; ponfh aumif; jcif;tjzmjzmESifh oufwrf;&SnfMumpGmaqmif&GufvmcJhMuaom ausmif;tkyfq&mBuD;^rBuD;? q&m^r? ausmif;ol^ausmif;om;? ausmif;om;rdb? ausmif;ol^a[mif;rsm;\ 0ef;&HaeMuonfh ausmif;rsm;udk rk'dwmyGm;MuapcsifaMumif;yg/ cifarmif&nf (yJcl;)


BUYING GUIDE 21

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

Vol.7 / No.25

VOICE

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VOICE

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June 6 - 12 , 2011

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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24

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7 .4 .2011 w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH China Power Investement Corporation (CPI) rS Vice President r'rfuse;f a&SmifvEl iS t hf zGUJ onfvnf;aumif;? jrefrmEkid if q H idk &f m w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEkid if o H t H rwfBuD; rpöwmvDuRi;f [Gmonfvnf;aumif; trSwf(1)vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xmejynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;aZmfrif;ESifh toD;oD;awGUqHak qG;aEG;cJhonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH oHtrwfBuD; rpöwm vDuRif;[Gmonf jynfxaJ &;0efBuD;Xme0efBuD; 'kw, d Adv k cf sKyfBuD;udu k Ekd iS hf awGUqHkaqG;aEG;cJhonf/

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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HUMAN TRAFFICKING

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TRANSPORT

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General Management Course for Entrepreneurs

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BUYING GUIDE

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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North Point &JY School Super Bargains

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NET N TECH

28

VOICE

The

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

VOICE

The

Vol.7 / No.25

June 6 - 12 , 2011

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PERSPECTIVE

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

29

VOICE

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30 30 THE VOICE WEEKLY

Vol.7 / No.25 - June 6 - 12 , 2011

VOICE

The

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

INTERVIEW

]uReaf wmfwEhkd ikd if u H v,form;&JY ynmt&nftcsi;f u usew f NUJ yKd ib f ufv,form;&JyY nmt&nftcsi;f eJh ,SOfNydKifEdkifzdkhqdkwmuawmU trsKd;om;tqifUtaeeJh vTrf;NcHKae&r,fUudpöawGjzpfygw,f} qefpyg;ynm&Sif OD;wifarmifoef;ESifU awGYqHkjcif; (2) t,f'w D mwpfO;D f hJ 'gqd&k if uReaf wmf Voice / / [kwu ar;cJhwJh EdkifiHawmfydkif;u vkyfay; EdkifwJh Oya'jyKa&;? jynfolYa&;&m 0efaqmifrIrsm; axmufyHhay;jcif;? tajccHtaqmuftODrsm; aqmuf vkyfjcif;? Cost of Production ud k twdtus csay;EdkifwJh Institution rsm;udpöqdkwJh av;ydkif;vHk; NyD;oGm; ygNy ygNyDD/ 'gaMumifh 'kwd,wpfydkif;udk qufcsiyf gw,f/ Edik if aH wmf? aps;uGuf eJY t& yfbufvlUtzJGUtpnf;qdkwJh t&yf Good Governance &J U jrif ; oH k ; aumif[m aps;uGufvdkYac:wJh Private Enterprise awGudka&m b,f tqifhudk jr§ifhwifay;NyD; b,fvdk Capacity wifay;r,f? b,fvdk Institutional Capacity awG e J Y Ed k i f i H awmfeJY 'Daps;uGuf&JU ,SOfNydKifEdkif pGrf;udk jr§ifhwifay;Edkifr,fqdkwm odygg&apcif &apcifAs/ tcktcgrSm toif; tzJGUawGvnf; &Sdaewm awGU&wJh twGufyg/ kd rD mS yk*v ¾ u d UTMT / / uGseaf wmfwYq u@ (Private Sector) &JU Organizational Strength vd k Y ac:&r,f h pD;yGm;a&;qdkif&m toif;tzJGUawGu vnf; &So d ifo h avmuf ay:aygufae ygNyD/ tJh'DrSm yk*¾vdupD;yGm;a&;vkyf ief; wpfckcsif;vdkY ac:&r,fh (Enterprise) wpfckcsif;&JU,SOfNydKifEdkifpGrf;udk wnfaqmufzdkYu bmvdkovJqdk&if olwdkY&JU ukrÜPDwpfckcsif;? tpktzJGU wpfckcsif;eJY? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif wpfa,mufcsi;f &JU Capacity ? aps;uGuf &JU eufeJodrfarGUwJh udpö&yfawGudk ydkifydkifEdkifEdkif udkifwG,fEdkifwJh pGrf;&nf (Capacity) &Sz d Ykv d ykd gw,f/ aemufwpfck u (Marketing) yg/ tcktcsed rf mS urÇm ay:rSm aps;uGut f aeeJYu wpfcw k nf; yJ&Sdygw,f/ tJh'Daps;uGufxu J kd ud, k f 0ifupm;Edik zf Yku d uReaf wmfwYkEd ikd if o H m;? Edik if o H m;ydik u f rk P Ü ?D uReaf wmfwdkYEdkifiH xJrSm tajcjyKwJh EdkifiHjcm;om;ydkif ukrP Ü pD wJh pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;awG tm;vH;k [m olwYkd&UJ ,SONf ydKifEikd pf rG ;f ? aps;uGuf rqH;k ½H;I &atmif qkyu f ikd x f m;Edik rf I pwJh pGrf;&nfawG&SdzdkY vdktyfygw,f/ aemufwpfckuawmh Cluster Development vd k Y a c:wJ h txl ; jyK vkyfief;awG xGef;um;vmzdkY vdkyg w,f/ b,fvyk if ef;rSmrqdk pD;yGm;a&; vkyif ef;BuD;wpfcv k ;kH &JU Supply Chain wpfckvHk;rSm&SdwJh tqifhwdkif;udk udk,f wpf O D ; wnf ; vk y f w mrsKd ; r[k w f b J txl;jyKNyD;awmh tydkif;vdkuf tuefY vdkuf wm0ef,lvkyfaqmifjcif;u Supply Chain udk Value Chain jzpf

atmifvyk Ef ikd w f hJ oufaoom"u &SNd yD; wmjzpfwJhtwGufaMumifh uRefawmf wdYkEikd if &H UJ yk*v ¾ u d u@&JU Capacity udw k ifwah J e&mrSmvnf; tJ'h gudOk ;D wnf wJh udpörsKd;jzpfzdkYvdkygw,f/ 'gawGudk vkyEf ikd jf cif;tm;jzifh olwYkd&UJ ,SOfNydKif EdkifpGrf;udk tajcjyKwJh trsKd;om; ,SOfNydKifEdkifpGrf;udk wnfaqmuf&m a&mufygw,f/ wu,fhtm;u rdrd EdkifiHwGif;u pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;pkawG? ukrÜPDwpfckcsif; b,favmuf,SOf NydKifaeovJ? b,favmufvGwfvGwf vyfvyf ,SOfNydKifEdkifovJ? ,SOfNydKifrI u b,favmuf tm;ygovJqdkwm awGu EdkifiHwpfEdkifiHvHk;&JU trsKd;om; pD;yGm;a&;,SOfNydKifEdkifpGrf;udk wnf aqmuf&ma&mufwmrdYk tJ'h u D pd aö wGukd wnfaqmufzdkYvdkygw,f/ Voice / / aumif;ygNyD/ aemufqHk; wpf y d k i f ; jzpf w J h t&yf b uf t zJ G U tpnf;vdkYajym&r,fh vlUtzJGUt pnf; tpnf eJ Y wd k u f ½ d k u f y wf o uf w J h Social Services rsm;vdkY OD;wifarmifoef; ajymcJhwJh tydkif;rSm t&yfbu ufftzJGU tp nf;awG[m toif;tzJUG awG t"du tpnf ygw mjzpfwhJ twGuf tJ'h t D oif;tzJUG ygwmjzpf rsm;eJY wjcm; Social Services rs m;&JU rsm;&J tcef;u@rsm;udkvnf; tenf;i,f tus,fcsJU ajymjyay;apvdkygw,f cifAsm/ UTMT / / toif;tzJUG awG&UJ u@ [m tifrwefta&;ygygw,f/ pD;yGm;a&; vkyw f ,fqu kd wnf;u ud, k u f sK;d pD;yGm; twGuf vkyfwmrSefayr,fh ukrÜPD wpfckcsif;taeeJYaomfvnf;aumif;? toif;tzJGUwpfckcsif; taeeJYaomf vnf;aumif; EdkifiHawmfeJY wdkuf½dkuf csw d q f ufNyD; jyefYusaJ er,fq&kd if ud, k f usKd;pD;yGm;oufoufvyk &f m a&mufNyD; tckeajymwJh trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&; ,SONf ydKifEikd pf rG ;f udk wnfaqmufEikd rf mS r[kwfygbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; rsm;[m ud, k u f sK;d pD;yGm;twGurf [kwf bJ oufqdkif&m pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; wpfckvHk;udk zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufapr,fh vdktyfcsufawGudk azmfaqmifEdkifzdkY ud, k pf m;jyKwhJ toif;tzGUJ awG&zdS Ykd vdyk g w,f/ tJ'v D kd qdik &f mu@wpfcv k ;kH &Jh ud k , f p m;jyKwJhtoif;tzJGU&SdrSom Edik if aH wmfeYJ pum;ajymwJt h cg? ndE§ iId ;f wJt h cg? ay:vpDukd xde;f n§w d t hJ cg? ay:vpDtopfawG csrw S w f t hJ cg n§Ed iId ;f vkyaf qmifEikd rf mS jzpfygw,f/ tJ'h v D kd yHkpHawG pepfawGr&Sb d J xda&mufwJh ay:vpDawGqdkwm ray:Edkifygbl;/ 'gaMumifh toif;tzJUG awGu tifrwef

ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ toif;tzJGUawG &Sdjcif;tm;jzifh trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&;&JU,SOfNydKifrIudk wnfaqmuf&rSmjzpfwt hJ wGuaf Mumifh jynfov l x l w k pf&yfv;kH udv k nf;Social Mobilization vkyf&rSmjzpfwJhtwGuf 'DxJrSm jynfolvlxkwpf&yfvHk; yg0if vmEdkifzdkY olwdkYqDuae p&r,f/ wu,fwrf;ajym&&if jynfolvlxk wpf&yfvHk; yg0ifvmzdkYqdkwJh ae&mrSm vnf; yk*v ¾ du pD;yGm;a&;toif;tzJGU wifrubJ Ekid if aH &;ygwDawGu yg0if NyD;awmh EdkifiHawmfpD;yGm;a&; wdk;wuf rI rl0g'udk 0dkif;0ef;taumiftxnf azmfMu&rSmjzpfygw,f/ yl;aygif;vkyf Muw,fqw kd m Social Services taeeJY ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ usefwmawGu awmh tckeajymovdkyJ usef;rmwJh vlYtzJGUtpnf;jzpfzdkYtwG u f q d k & if Oyrm-uRefawmfwdkY v,form;&JU usef;rma&;eJY NydKifbufEdkifiHu v,f orm;&JU usef;rma&;NydKif&rSmjzpfvdkY usef;rma&;aumif;zdkY vdkygw,f/ 'DvdkygyJ ynma&;vnf; aumif;rGef &rSmjzpfygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYEdkifiHu v,form;&JU ynmt&nftcsi;f u usew f NhJyKd ib f uf v,form;&JU ynm t&nftcsif;eJY ,SOfNydKifEdkifzdkYqdkwm uawmh trsKd ; om;tqif h t aeeJ Y vTrf;NcHKae&r,fh udpaö wGjzpfygw,f/ Voice / / a u m i f ; y g N y D / t c k uRefawmfar;cJhwJh ar;cGef;awGu tck OD;wifarmifoef;ajzMum; oGm; wJh u@ig;ckukd Edik if aH wmf? aps;uGuf eJY t&yfbufvlUtzJGU tpnf;qdkwJh ½Iaxmifu h ar;cJw h myg/ aemuf½aI xmifh wpfcku ajy mif;NyD; ar;cGef;wpfck ajymif avmuf ar;yg&ap/ apmapmu OD;wifarmifoef; ajymoGm;wJh Supply

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awGu b,foal wG&v dS ?J wpfurÇmvH;k taetxm;rSm xkwv f yk Ef ikd pf rG ;f b,f avmuf&SdovJ? vdktyfcsufu b,f avmuf&o dS vJ? aps;uGut f aetxm; b,fvdk&SdovJ qdkwmudk odzdkYvkdyg w,f/ tJh'Dtay:rSmyJ wjcm; bm tcsufawGu vTrf;rdk;aeovJqdkwJh oufa&mufrIawGudk odaezdkY vdkyg w,f/ Oyrm-tck q&mar;oGm;wJh txJrmS txda&mufq;kH [mav; uawmh b,fvdkpyg;rsKd;pdkuf&if taumif;qHk; jzpfrvJqdkwmayghaemf/ 'Dar;cGef;u rMumcP ar;Muygw,f/ uReaf wmfwYkdEikd if rH mS rsK;d aumif; rsKd;oefYawG&Sdygw,f/ acwftquf qufuvkyfcJhwmawGa&m a'orsKd; &if;awGa&m &Sdygw,f/ uRefawmfh taeeJYuawmh udk,fbmxkwfEdkifwm vJ? ud, k x f w k Ef ikd w f m a&mif;wJt h qifh uaeNyD;awmh aps;uGufu vdktyf csuu f bmvJ? b,fvykd pkH eH YJ vdck siw f m vJ? tJ'DvkdcsifwJh[mudk b,fvdkpdkuf rvJ? tJ'h v D rdk sK;d udk a&G;NyD;pdu k rf ,f pdu k f NyD;awmhrS olrsm;eJY b,fvdk,SOfNydKif rvJqw kd u hJ pd u ö ydNk yD;awmhta&;BuD;yg w,f/ bmjzpfvYkdvq J &kd if aps;uGuf u vd k w mud k p d k u f r S uRef a wmf w d k Y u aps;aumif ; &rS m jzpf N yD ; ol r sm;eJ Y ,S O f N yd K if v mEd k i f r S m jzpf y gw,f / wpfzufuvnf; qufpyfaewmawG awmh trsm;BuD;aygh urÇmhaps;uGuf u b,fvv kd ?J urÇmBuD;b,fuo kd mG ; aeovJ qdw k mawGaygh/ Oyrm-ta&SU tv,fydkif;rSm EdkifiHa&; rwnfrNidrf jzpfvdkY a&eHaps;wuf&if uRefawmfwdkY qDu v,form;&JU Cost of Production udk xdygw,f/ bmvdkYvJqdk&if 'DZ,faps;ajymif;wJh tajymif;tvJu csw d q f ufaewmjzpfwt hJ wGuf uReaf wmf wdYkonf Value Chain jzpfatmifvyk f wJhtcsdefrSm tckeajymcJhwJh owif; tcsuftvufeJY urÇm&JU Trend ukd tcsdefeJYwpfajy;nD odrSom vdktyfwJh xdef;n§drIawG vkyfEdkifrSmjzpfygw,f/ Voice / / [k w f u J h tck q d k & if O D;wifarmifoef;ajzwm awmfawmf av;awmh NcHKiHkoGm;ygNyD? tao; tzJG ar;cGef; eenf nf;enf;ar;yg&ap/ v,form;awGtaeeJYvnf; v,fuiG ;f xJrSm&SdaewJh jyóemawGtwGuf tajzwcsKdUudk Mum;csifr,fvdkYxif wmaMumifh olwYkd&UJ vwfwavm udpö &yfawGeJYywfoufvdkY ar;csifwmyg/ eHygwf(1)u v,f,mvkyfief; em? cGifxJrSm vkyfom;&Sm;yg;wJhjyó yóem? vk y f t m;&S i f tawmf r sm;rsm;[m pmrsufESm 31 od k Y


INTERVIEW

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

31

VOICE

The

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 32 32 VOICE

The

Vol.7 / No.25 - June 6 - 12 , 2011

HEALTH

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 33 33

Vol.7 / No.25 - June 6 - 12 , 2011

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

TIPS

VOICE

The

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34

VOICE

The

TIPS

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

Learning English aZ,sol 726. Ugly Duckling

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]xdyfwdkufawGYw,f/} tBuD; tus,jf zpf a'gojzpftjiif;yGm;Muw,f/

A mysterious phonecall at midnight made him go eyeball to eyeball with his lover.

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Two superpowers, Soviet Union and U.S went eyeball to eyeball over Cuba Missile Crisis.

oef;acgif,HrSmvmwJh xl;xl; qef;qef;zkef;aMumifh ol olYcspfoleJY xdyfwdkufawGUaygufuGJMuw,f/

Hey. Just go ahead. I know your better half is waiting.

728. Eyeball to Eyeball

h s i l g n E g n i n r a e L

Edison who later became one of the most influential people in the history of mankind was regarded as an ugly duckling.

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727. I’m easy

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0,frvm;/ B: igawmh &ygw,f/ rif;pdwf MudKufoma&G;/

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a[h? a&SUuoGm;ESi/hf apmifah eNyD qdkwm igodygw,f/

729. Be good to go

]vkw d mawG tm;vk;H &Sad eNyD? vkyf vdkY&jyD/} Last item on the list and we are good to go.

pm&if;xJu aemufqkH;tr,f wpfcka&muf&ifvkyfvdkY&jyD/

Our team is in really good shape. Looks like they are good to go for another couple of weeks.

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731. Like a kid in a candy store

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olwpfoufv;Hk MunfnKd vmwJh yk*¾dKvfudk awGUvdkufNyD;pqkdawmh olY Munfh&wm rId&ovdkyJ jzpfaew,f/

730. better half

The trip to the glacier was just great. I was looking like a kid in a candy store.

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TIPS

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

35

VOICE

The

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TIPS

36

VOICE

The

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

SELF- HELP

pnf;rsOf;vkdufem oifhb0rSm The Rules of Life Rule 22

pnf;rsOf; (22) Dress like today is important

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Today is important. Today is the only day you've got that has some reality to it. Why shouldn't you treat it as important? It is. So dress like it matters. And so, I don't mean it in the way my mother always used to tell me, 'Make sure you've got clean underwear on, you never know when you'll get run over by a bus'. I loved this as a kid. I couldn't see how important clean underwear would really be when you were lying there in the road. And I used to imagine how, if they got you to the hospital in time and stripped away your torn and blood-soaked trousers, they'd look down and gasp in horror, 'Don't look! This lad has got yesterday's pants on - get him out of here.

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JOKE OF THE WEEK

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 37

Vol.7 / No.25 - June 6 - 12 , 2011

37

FOREIGN AFFAIRS Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

VOICE

The

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38

VOICE

The

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

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40

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The

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

41

VOICE

The

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atmif a usmf p k d ; Ref: New York Times' Opinion Items.


42

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FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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43 Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

VOICE

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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- &efukef atmifqef;tm;upm;NydKif0if; rkd;vkHavvkHtm;upm;½kHwGif arv 25 &ufrS ZGefv 2 &ufaeYtxd usif;yonfh jrefrmEkdifiH\yxrqkH;tmqD,Hppfwk&ifwpfOD;csif;NydKifyJGü yJGpOf(6) tNyD;wGif 0if;aZmfxGef;u ajcmufyJGupm;um ig;rSwfcJG OD;aqmifupm;vsuf&SdNyD; aZmf0if;ESifhÓPfvif;wkdYu ajcmufyJGupm;um av;rSwfcJGjzifh 'kwd,ae&mukd qufvuf,SOfNydKifupm;vsuf&Sdonf/ - tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme? tm;upm;ESifh um,ynmOD;pD;XmeESifh jrefrmEkdifiH ppfwk&iftzJGUcsKyfwkdYu pDpOf usif;yrnfh 2011 ckEpS f tkv d yH pftxdr;f trSwf 25 rdepf tjrefa&TU ppfw&k ifNydKifyu GJ dk ZGev f 15 &ufrS 17 &ufaeY txd atmifqef;tm;upm;NydKif0if; rk;d vkaH vvkt H m;upm;½kw H iG f usi;f yjyKvkyrf nfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkid if H ppfwk&iftzJGUcsKyf ½kH;tzJGUrSL; OD;rsKd;aZmfrif;u ajymMum;onf/ - xdik ;f Ekid if H befaumufNrdKUwGif ZGev f 5 &ufaeYü zGiv hf pS o f ifMum;ay;rnfh (Endurance) c&D;&Snjf rif;pD;'kid v f Bl uD; oifwef;ukd jrefrmEkid if jH rif;pD;tzJUG csKyrf S oifwef;om;ig;OD;ukd apvTwrf nfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkid if jH rif;pD; tzJUG csKyf\ wJGzuftwGif;a&;rSL; OD;oef;0if;uajymMum;onf/ - tif'kdeD;&Sm;EkdifiHü 2011 ckESpf Ekd0ifbmv 11 &ufaeYwGif usif;yrnfh SEA Games NydKifyJGokdY jrefrmokdif; tzJGUcsKyfrS tm;upm;orm;usm; 15 OD;ESifh r ukd;OD; 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifrnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmokdif;tzJGUcsKyfrS wJGzuftwGif;a&;rSL; OD;jratmifu ajymMum;onf/


46

VOICE

The

SPORT

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

Euro 2012 Qualifiers Match (Selected Prediction) (June 4-5)

armifom'if c½dkat;&Sm;(10) ESifh a*smf*sD,m (57) (tkyfpkF) - yxrtausmhwGif a*smf*sD,mu 1;0 jzifhEkdifxm;onf/ ,ckyGJ Ekid v f Qif ajcppfyaJG tmifjrif&ef eD;pyfomG ;rnfjzpfí tdru f iG ;f ½I;H yGrJ &Sad o;onhf wku d pf pftm;aumif;aom c½dak t;&Sm;toif; u OD;aqmifwkdufppfzGifhupm;rnfrSm aocsmonf/ a*smf*sD,monf ta0;uGif;qdkvQif cHppfydwfqdkYupm;&if;oa&& atmif BudK;yrf;avh&Sdonf/ tdrf&SifEkdifrnf/ oGif;*dk;enf;Ekdifonf/ MopBwD;,m; (74) ESifh *smreD (4) (tkyfpkA) - *smreDrSm ajcppfyGJ atmifoGm;NyDjzpfaomfvnf; ,ckyGJpOfwGif odu©m twGut f m;xkwu f pm;OD;rnf[k qko d nf/ tdr&f iS f MopBwD;,m;onf uGi;f v,fupm;uGuu f spfvspfaomfvnf; wku d pf pf tm;enf;aeqJjzpfonf/ vli,fupm;orm;rsm;udk yGJxkwfrnfh *smreDtoif;om [efcsufrSefupm;EkdifvQif tdrf&Sif ta&;edrfhoGm;Ekdifonf/ b,fvf*sD,H (37) ESifh wl&uD (30) (tkyfpkA) - yxrtausmh upm;MupOf u wl&uDonf 3;2 &v'fjzifh tEkdif &cJhonf/ ESpfoif;vHk; ½IH;ír&onfh taetxm;&Sdae&m ,SOfNydKifrI jyif;xefrnf/ tdrfuGif;qdkvQif wkdufppfqifEkdifpGrf; ydrk x kd ad &mufr&I o dS nfh b,fv*f s, D o H nf wl&uDxufpzk UJG upm;yHk ydí k aumif;ae&mwku d pf pfziG hf upm;&if; tEkid &f oGm;rnf[k ,lqonf/ oGif;*dk;rsm;Edkifonf/ bDvm½kpf (53) ESifh jyifopf (19) (tkyfpkD) - jyifopftwGuf tkypf Ak v kd af e&m ckid Nf rJa&;pdeaf c:onfh yGpJ Ofjzpfaeonf/ bDvm½kpfonf wkdufppf- cHppf csdwfqufupm;yHkaumif;aeNyD; yxrtausmhwGif jyifopfudk 0;1 *dk;jzifh tEkdif,lxm;&m jyifopftoif;om;rsm; owdxm;upm;MuzG,&f o dS nf/ bDvm½kpo f nf cHppfupm;yHv k nf;aumif; aeíoa&yGjJ zpfvmEdik o f nf/ t*Fvef (6) ESifh qGpfZmvef (25) (tkyfpG k ) - tkyfpkAdkvft*FvefwGif y&D;rD;,m;vd*fü ajcpGrf;jyaeonfh vli,ftrsm;pk yg0ifvmrnfjzpfonf/ t*Fveftoif;udk wkdufppfpGrf;&nfr,SOfEkdifonfh qGpfZmvef taeESifh cHppfwnfNidrfa&;udkom OD;pm;ay; ,SONf ydKifz, G &f o dS nf/ wefjyefwu kd pf pfqifEidk f pGrf;&Sdaom qGpfZmvefudktdrf&Sifu zdtm; ay;upm;&if; tEkdif,loGm;rnf[k ,lq onf/ rxiffrSwfbJ oGif;*dk;rsm;Ekdifonf/ rGefwDeD*½dk; (24) ESifh blvfa*;&D;,m; (46) (tkyfpkG) - t*FvefESihftrSwfwl tkypf 'k w k , d ae&mwGif &Sad eaom rGew f eD *D ½d;k onf yxrtausmhqHkawGUpOfuwnf; blvaf *;&D;,m;udk tEkid , f cl o hJ nf/ toif; vkdufpkzGJUupm;yHkaumif;onfh tdrf&Sifudk blvfa*;&D;,m; toif;om;rsm;yGJcsdefjynhf xde;f csKyfEidk &f ef vG,rf nfr[kwaf y/ tdr&f iS f EkdifrnfhyGJjzpfonf/ Photo -AP rufqD'dk;eD;,m; (85) ESifh tdkif,mvef (34) (tk y f p kB) - tm;xm;&oltcsKdU 'Pf&m&aeaom tdik , f mveftoif;udk wdu k pf pfrxufjrufonfh tdr&f iS t f oif;u zdtm;ay;upm;Ekid &f ef BudK;yrf;OD;rnf jzpfonf/ tkyfpkyxrae&mwGif&Sdaeaom tkdif,mvefonforÇmjzihf xdef;upm;Ekdifonfjzpfí rufqD'dk;eD;,m; &v'f aumif;rnfr[kwfay/ yxrtausmh &v'fonf 2;1/ *dk;enf;rnf/ ay:wl*D (8) ESifh aemfa0 (11) (tkyfpkH) - aemfa0onf tkyfpkyxrae&mü &yfwnf&if; ½IH;yGJr&Sd pHcsdef&xm;onf/ ta0;uGif;upm;yHkuspfvspfonf/ pD½dke,f'dk? yDyD? emeDwdkYyg0ifvmrnfh ay:wl*Donf tdrfuGif;ü EkdifrSwf&rSjzpfrnfhtae txm;&S&d m aemfa0udk yGcJ sdejf ynfw h u dk pf pfziG u hf pm;zG,&f o dS nf/ tjrifah y;abmrsm;oH;k í NydKifbufukd Ncdr;f ajcmufavh&adS om aemfa0toif;xuf tdrf&Sifu NydKifyGJ0ifpdwf"mwfESifh ajcpGrf;ydkaumif;aeEkdifí pD½dke,f'dkwdkYtkyfpk *dk;rjywfbJ tEkdif&oGm; rnf[kcefYrSef;onf/

BREAKING NEWS -

urÇmhabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf Ouú|a&G;aumufyGJwGif vuf&SdOuú|qyfbvwåm jyefvnfa&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcí H av;ESpf oufwrf;xyfrw H m0efxrf;aqmifrnfjzpfonf/ bmpDvdkemtoif;rS pydefvufa&G;pifcHppfrSL; yl,dk;vfonf 'l;acgif;'Pf&m cGpJ w d u f o k ojzifh abmvH;k upm;jcif;rS oHk;vtem;,l&rnfjzpfonf/ *sm&wf[lvD,monf tufpwefADvm toif;enf;jy&mxl;rS EkwfxGufoGm;NyDjzpfonf/ bmpDvekd mtoif;rSví JG rnfonft h oif;odYkrS ajymif;a&TUupm;vdpk w d rf &Sad o;aMumif; tm*siw f ;D em;Ekid if w H iG f jyefa&muf aeonfh rufqu D w&m;0ifowif;xkwjf yefonf/ refp;D wD;toif;onf rufqu D kd ac:,lEidk &f ef BudK;yrf;aeonf/ *sLAifwyfpt f oif;onf toif;acgif;aqmifa[mif; uGew f u D kd 2 ESppf mcsKyjf zifh toif;enf;jyopftjzpfcefYtyfvu dk o f nf/ cs,q f ;D toif;onf b&mZD;vli,fwu dk pf pfrLS ;ae;rmudk aygif 28 oef;jzifh ac:,lEidk af wmhrnf[o k wif;xkwjf yefonf/ wku d pf pfrLS ; tD*&l ifukd ,l½kd 15 oef;jzifh a&mif;rnf[k &D;&Jvrf uf'&pftoif; Ouú| yd&ufZfu aMunmonf/ tmqife,fuGif;v,fupm;orm; zmb&D*wfpftwGuf aygifoef; 40 ESifh upm;orm;wpfOD; ay;rnf[laom bmpDvdkemtoif;\ urf;vSrf;csufaMumifh tmqife,fenf;jytmpif0if;*g; tcufBuHKaeonf/ - ref,t l oif;onf tem;,lomG ; aom aygvfpckd;\ae&mwGif tom;wif0ifaiGtrsm;qHk;& abmvHk;orm; 10 OD; tpm;xd;k &ef tjrefjyifqifaeNyD (2010 arvrS 2011 arvtxd) [k toif;trIaqmif t&m&SdcsKyf uefa':vm oef; 40 1/ a';Apfbufcrf; (LA *vufZD) a';Apf*D;vfu ajymMum;onf/ 2/ pD½dke,f'dk (&D;&Jvfruf'&pf) uefa':vm 38 oef; aygifoef; 50 oH;k í uGi;f v,fvl 3/ rufqD (bmpDvdkem) uefa':vm 32 oef; oH;k OD;ac:rnf[k ¤if;uqko d nf/ 4/ umum (&D;&Jvfruf'&pf) uefa':vm 25 oef; cs , q f ; D enf ; jya[mif ; tef q,f 5/ a&mfe,f'ifndK (zvmrif*dk) uefa':vm 24 oef; avmhwu D tufpwefAv D mtoif; 6/ tGefe&D (e,l;a,mufcf&ufbl;pf) uefa':vm 21 oef; enf;jy&mxl;udk pdw0f ifpm;onf[k 7/ &Gef;eD (ref,l) uefa':vm oef; 20 xkwaf zmfajymMum;onf/ 8/ vif;ywf (cs,fqD;) uefa':vm 17 oef; - ,l½dk 2012 ajcppfyGJupm;rnfh 9/ tDb&m[DrdkApfcsf (atpDrDvef) uefa':vm 17 oef; t*Fveftoif;wGif wku d pf pfrLS ; 10/ tDwl; (tifwmrDvef) uefa':vm 15 oef; oH;k OD; wpfNyKd ief ufwnf;oH;k rnf[k Source : Sunday Times enf;jytzGUJ u ajymMum;onf/

Soccer Weekly Fixtures 4-6-2011 (paeaeY) ,l½dk 2012 ajcppfyGJ c½dkat;&Sm;ESifh a*smf*sD,m eHeuf 00;30 em&D TV *dkar;eD;,m;ESifh abmhpeD;,m; eHeuf 00;30 em&D TV armfvf'dkAmESifh qDG'if eHeuf 1;00 em&D qefrm&DEdkESifh zifvef eHeuf 1;00 em&D MopBwD;,m;ESifh *smreD eHeuf 1;05 em&D TV b,fvf*sD,HESifh wl&uD eHeuf 1;15 em&D TV tDwvDESifh tufpfwdk;eD;,m; eHeuf 1;15 em&D TV bDvm½kpfESifh jyifopf eHeuf 1;20 em&D TV ½k&Sm;ESifh tmar;eD;,m; n 9;30 em&D TV t*FvefESifh qGpfZmvef n 10;15 em&D TV vwfAD;,m;ESifh tpöa&; n 11;00 em&D 5-6-2011 (we*FaEGaeY) ,l½dk 2012 ajcppfyGJ qvdkAufuD;,m;ESifh tef'dk&m eHeuf 00;45 em&D TV *&dESifh armfvfwm eHeuf 1;00 em&D TV rGefwDeD*½dk;ESifh blvfa&;&D;,m; eHeuf 1;00 em&D tdkufpvefESifh 'def;rwf eHeuf 1;15 em&D TV rufqD'dk;eD;,m;ESifh tdkif,mvef eeuf 2;00 em&D ay:wl*DESifh aemfa0 eHeuf 2;30 em&D TV 7-6-2011 (t*FgaeY) ,l½dk 2012 ajcppfyGJ tZmbdkif*sefESifh *smreD n 11;30 em&D TV bDvm½kZfESifh vlZifbwf n 11;30 em&D TV 8-6-2011 (Ak'¨[l;aeY) ,l½dk 2012 ajcppfyGJ qGD'ifESifh zifvef eHeuf 00;30 em&D abmhpeD;,m;ESifh t,fvfab;eD;,m; eHeuf 00;45 em&D qrfrm&DEdkESifh [efa*&D eHeuf 1;00 em&D zm½dk;uRef;pkESifh tufpwdk;eD;,m; eHeuf 1;00 em&D

TV TV

Top 10 Transfer Possibilities abmvHk;orm;

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ajymif;a&TUaMu; ac:vdo k nft h oif; (uefa':vm) 1/ pD½dke,f'dk &D;&Jvfruf'&pf 247 oef; refpD;wD; 2/ awAufZf refpD;wD; 65 oef; bmpDvdkem? *sLAifwyfpf &D;&Jvfruf'&pf tifwmrDvef bdkum*sLeD,m 3/ tJvufpq f ef;csupf f tl'D;eD;pf 49 oef; ref,l? tifwm refpD;wD;? *sLAifwyfpf 4/ zmb&D*wfpf tmqife,f 49 oef; bmpDvdkem? tifwm 5/ tD'if[mZmh'f vdkifvD 41 oef; vDAmyl;? ref,l? tmqife,f? tifwmbdik , f ef? pyg;pf? &D;&Jvf ruf'&pf 6/ t*l,dk tufovufwu D kd 63 oef; refp;D wD;?cs,q f ;D ? &D;&Jvfruf'&pf? pyg;pf? *sLAifwyfp?f vDAmyl; 7/ vlumrdk'&pf pyg;pf 41 oef; ref,l? tifwm &D;&Jvfruf'&pf 8/ ae;rm qef;wdkYpf 38 oef; cs,q f ;D ? tifwm zD,ifEk? ref,l? tmqife,f? bmpDvekd m 9/ vlumul tef;'g;vufcsf 33 oef; cs,fqD;? pyg;pf? tmqife,f? &D;&Jvf 10/ a&mhpD ADvm&D;&Jvf 38 oef; bmpDvdkem? pyg;pf Ref : CNBC


47 Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

VOICE

The


48

VOICE

The

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011


EMPLOYMENT

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

tvkyftukdiftcGifUtvrf;aomif;csDzefwD;ay;EkdifonfU t&Sdeft[kefjr§ifU aqmif&Gufrnf[kqdk

CMP

49 A

VOICE

The

vkyfief;rsm;zGHY NzKd;a&;

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Ekdif

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SOCIETY

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

C 51 VOICE

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EMPLOYMENT

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

I 53 VOICE

The

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54 II

VOICE

The

ENVIRONMENT

Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

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Monday, June 6 - 12, 2011

BUSINESS

III 55 VOICE

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MARKET

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