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UNSW-Waseda Virtual Joint Studio 2020

A Vision for UNSW Canberra Campus Master Plan December 2020


Prologue Part 1 Studio and Site Information

4

Prologue5

Site Analysis

7

1. Historical Context

8

1.1 Burley Griffin's 1913 Plan

8

1.2 Canberra 2020

9

2. Land Uses and Landmarks

10

2.1 Regional Scale

10

2.3 Neighborhood Scale

12

3. Circulation Network

14

3.1 Regional Scale

14

3.2 Neighborhood Scale

16

3.3 Road Section

18

4. Topography

1. Laboratory

22 24

1.1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, East Campus 24 1.2 University of Colorado Boulder, Main Campus 2. Open Space

26 28

2.1 University of California, Berkley

28

2.2 Harvard University

30

3. Mixed Use

32

3.1 Waseda University, Nishi Waseda Campus

32

3.2 Singapore Management University

34

4. Accomodation

36

4.1 University of Colorado Boulder, Williams Village

36

4.2 Harvard Business School, Harvard University

38

19

4.1 Topography and View

19

4.2 Site Section

20

5. Micro Climate

Part 2 Case Studies

21

Table of Contents

1


Part 3 Proposed Masterplan 40 Campus as City Core

42

Appendix138 Lively Campus

112

G1.1 Concept

43

G3.1 Context Plan

113

G1.2 Vision

44

G3. 2 Vision

116

G1.3 SWOT analysis

48

G3.3 Masterplan

119

G1.4 Plan

52

G3.4 Circulation

122

G1.5 Circulation

58

G3.5 Architectural Concept

132

G1.6 Street Section

63

G3.6 Perspectives

135

G1.7 Educational Building

67

Food Innovation

72

G2.1 Concept

74

G2.2 Vision

75

G2.3 SWOT Analysis

78

G2.4 Masterplan

80

G2.5 Circulation Framework

91

G2.6 Section

97

G2.7 Landscape Framework

99

G2.8 Architectural Design Framework

2

Table of Contents

103


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Table of Contents

3


Part 1

About Studio and Site Information

4

Prologue


Prologue Introduction

Schedule

Outline and Purpose of the Workshop

The workshop is a joint studio project between the Waseda

This workshop is a three-month-long studio that began in early

The workshop aimed to develop and design an alternative

students of Yaguchi Lab and the UNSW UC studio. Students were

September (Monday, 14th) and ended in late November (Monday,

masterplan on the same blocks of the proposed space of the new

expected to work as a group and produce a professional level

30th) of 2020. Waseda students followed the basic schedule of

UNSW Canberra campus. Students will first design the masterplan,

urban design document/ architectural design proposal of the

the UNSW studio calendar (Monday, 9 am to 3 pm), and they were

then develop an architectural concept for the education and

UNSW Canberra Campus.

expected to join the orientation, lectures, meetings, and the actual

research building.

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic at the time, Waseda

presentations.

Students were expected to engage the entire site with to create a

students and UNSW students worked in their respective countries, in a sort of parallel studio. Lectures, meetings, and presentations

partially autonomous community in which all areas are related in •

were conducted via Microsoft Team while files were shared between Waseda and UNSW through the Miro Platform. Students

were also unable to visit the site, so information gathering and verification were done online. However, Waseda students were

fortunate enough to be able to come into the lab and work with their groups. Tutoring and feedback at Waseda University were also

given in real-time/face-to-face by Prof. Yaguchi at the lab. As an outcome, the students from Waseda University were able

to produce visions for the site and some conceptual plans for the masterplan and architectural design.

• • •

Sept/14: Orientation and Introduction (lecture by Suzanna

terms of function, space and life. They were expected to reflect in

Holmes, program manager of UNSW campus development)

their design process at three different scales:

Sept/21: Lecture by Ms. Morgan Lumen (General Information

Large (metropolitan) urban scale (XL)

on Campus Design)

Intermediate (precinct) urban scale (L)

Sept/28: Lecture by Dr. Raffaele Pernice (Site appraisal and

Building (development) scale (M&S)

SWOT analysis)

The workshop was built upon the research-led design vision,

Oct/05: Milestone presentation 1 (site analysis, case studies

which informs the student of the planning and design process. It

and SWOT analysis)

encouraged students to identify vision and strategies at the local

Oct/12: Lecture by Prof. Yaguchi Tetsuya (Campus Planning

and global scale. Students will then turn these aspirations into

101)

detailed design solutions, accompanied by an intelligent approach

Oct/26: Meeting before milestone presentation 2

to design development, ensuring the site and its projects are able

Nov/02: Milestone presentation 2 (general masterplan and

to contribute to and integrate with the city.

design strategies)

The workshop began with the site analysis and SWOT Analysis,

Nov/30: Final presentation (masterplan and conceptual

which were integrated with the review and analysis of Case Studies.

architectural design)

The activity then concentrated on the development of a general masterplan and the conceptual architectural design.

Prologue

5


Project Background The University of New South Wales (UNSW) was planning the

The site locates east of the intersection of Constitution Avenue and

development of a new city campus at Canberra City. A draft

Coranderrk Street in Reid and Parkes, Australian Capital Territory.

masterplan of the campus was being prepared, and the project was

The Constitution Avenue, a major ceremonial avenue in the Capital

projected to be completed within the next 10 years.

Territory as well as the base of the National Triangle, bisects the site

A new teaching and research building of approx. 8000m2-9000m2

North of Constitution Ave, Block 12 Section 33 Reid, is currently

has been planned, and the location of the building was expected

the site of the Canberra Institute of Technology (CIT) Reid campus

to be along the eastern edge of the parking site at the Parkes Way

and is bounded on the east by St John’s Church, and to the north

end. The northern edge is a heritage area that is required to be

by Amaroo Street, a local residential street. The site is adjacent

managed and incorporated into the master plan and integrated

to the National Triangle. Block 6 Section 3 Parkes lies between

with new approved roads.

Constitution Avenue and Parkes Way and is bounded on the east by Anzac Park West. The site is within the National Triangle and presently used for car parking.

Indicative development area

6

Prologue

Location map showing subject site


Site Analysis The workshop kickstarted with a series of site analysis, case studies and SWOT analysis. The aim of site analysis was for students to create a collective resource of drawings, models and analysis. The studies also contained specific and detailed research which focused on urban design strategies. The results of the site analysis were shared with the whole studio and the resources acted as a springboard for students to further develop their masterplan and architectural concept. Elements that were considered in the site analysis include: •

Historical background of Canberra city

Land uses (on a regional and neighborhood scale)

Circulation (on a regional and neighborhood scale)

Topography of the site

Views and vistas (to and from the site)

Micro-climate of the site and Canberra city

Site Analysis

7


1. Historical Context 1.1 Burley Griffin's 1913 Plan Burley Griffin's 1913 Prliminary Plan The preliminary masterplan of Canberra city that was designed by Burley Griffin in the 1913 featured a central cultural area in the

CASINO

National Triangle with the land and water axes serving as the main

blends effortlessly with the landscape by keeping hills and valley in a natural or park-like state. The city was planned to have many

TIT

W

NS

The plan also reflected the theory of garden cities since Canberra

UT

RK

CO

AY

CITY HILL

iconic spaces.

IO

NA

VE

nature reserves and large recreational green spaces as well as the

RECREATION GROUP

east lake with accessibility from various parts of the city. Reflecting the theory of garden cities, residential areas were also

GOVERNMENT GROUP

CAPITOL

Burley Griffin's 1913 Green Space and Lake

N

0

Canberra 2020 green space & lake plan Site Analysis: Historical Context

250

500

750m

NU

E CIVIC

protected from traffic while maintaining close access to nature.

8

PA

framework for the location of the most important buildings and


1.2 Canberra 2020 Canberra 2020 street map overlayed over 1913 map By overlaying the current Canberra map with the 1913 one, it can be see that green spaces have reduce and plan for the east lake was not realized. Pedestrian environment is also unfavorable, lacking

CO

cultural center and recreational area but recreations and the seat

AY

CITY HILL

NS

of government are now mixed together. The Constitution Avenue,

TIT

W

The National Triangle remains as the seat of the government,

CASINO

which is the municipal axis and the base of the National Triangle,

UT

IO

PA RK

access to the parks, and building density is lower than Griffin's plan.

NA

VE

lacks the vibrancy that was planned for it. Conclusion

NU

E

The triangle intersections can become more accessible by reducing Parkesway barriers and removing the highway transactions. The campus design can use the land and water axis and reconnect

RECREATION GROUP

CIVIC

with concept of nature and recreation in Griffin's plan. This is also an opportunity to integrate the campus with the natural landscape. Furthermore, since the campus is on both side of Constitution Avenue, it is necessary to activate the street and connect both side

GOVERNMENT GROUP

by utilizing this road.

CAPITOL

Canberra 2020 Green Space and Lake

N

0

250

500

750m

Site Analysis: Historical Context

9


2. Land Uses and Landmarks 2.1 Regional Scale 2.1.1 Regional Land Uses and Landmarks Regional Land Uses Analysis Canberra is dominated by residential area and institutional area. This is to be expected as it is the capital city and the seat of the government. It also has a number of nature reserves and parks. Conclusion The site itself is stragetically located near the commercial area, institution, residence as well as the waterfront. Therefore, campus design and development must take advantage of the surrounding facilities while paying consideration to the residential area. City Hill

LEGEND Commercial Institution Office Residential

Residence

Site Nature Park Academic City Hill

Canberra Airport

Defense Force Railway Station Parliame Airport Lake Burley Griffin

Commonwealth Park N

UNSW Canberra

0

10

Site Analysis: Land Uses and Landmarks

250

500 750M


2.1.2 Population Distribution Canberra's population: people per hectare Canberra City actually has quite low population density. The densest area are located in the downtown core and near the parliament. Population density around the site is extremely low, about 15-20 people per hectare. Conclusion The population is low due to the widespread residential neighborhood.

0

15-20

0-5

20-25

5-10

25-30

10-15

30+

N

LEGEND

0

250

500 750M

Site Analysis: Land Uses and Landmarks

11


2.3 Neighborhood Scale 2.3.1 Neighborhood Scale Land Uses Land Uses Analysis The buildings in this area are a mixture of office, retail, industrial and residential uses. Near the site, especially in the city center area, there are many retail and commercial funtions. Directly next to the site are several large

2. 1.

residential neighborhoods. There are also an abundance of parking areas surrounding the site, some small, some big. Number of parking space Conclusion The campus might cause privacy and noise problems for the

3.

5.

4.

6.

residential area but the busy activities at city hill provides potential for the site to be a destination of recreations and tourism. The parking spaces with the city make it low dense and make the street boring for pedestrians.

7. 9. 8.

LEGEND Number of parking spaces

12

A.264

F.1250

Institution

B.250

G.660

Office

C.703

H.200

Residential

D.616

I.353

Site

E.653

Site Analysis: Land Uses and Landmarks

N

Commercial

0

50

100 150M


2.3.2 Neighborhood Scale Landscape Typology CommonwealthPark A park with an outdoor stage, playgrounds, and pools; good for taking a walk, having picinics, and also jogging. It is used by both

Glebe Park

Hassett Park

locals and tourists. Glebe Park A moderate size park used by local families

City Hill

and university students.

Hasset Park A beautiful park designed by Jane Irwin a landscape architecture. It has a softball field, soccerfield, and a splash pad. Commonwealth Park

City Hill The symbol of being the heart of the capitol. It offers shade, grass and seating.

Landscape Typology Analysis The site is surrounded by a lot of green landscape. Three Major parks are located nearby: Commonwealth Park, Glebe Park and Hassett park. However, the park at the center of City Hill function as a symbolic landscape rather than a place for recreation. LEGEND N

Conclusion Integrating the nearby parks into the site design will allow university user to enjoy spaces beyond the parameter of the

Memorial Green Space

Landscape

campus. Furthermore, the parks can be a place where the locals

Main Park

Site

and university users interact and cultivat social capital.

Small Park

0

50

100 150M

Site Analysis: Land Uses and Landmarks

13


3. Circulation Network 3.1 Regional Scale 3.2.1 Transit Network Estimate travel duration - Site to City center/Light rail terminal ~15mn - Site to ANU ~25mn - Site to Parliament house ~30mn - Site to Canberra Airport ~30mn - Site to UNSW Canberra campus~40mn Transit Network Analysis Canberra city has various mode of public transportation, therefore the site can be easily accessed from various part of the region through public transportation. The best public transport network to go in and get out of the site is the bus. Conclusion The site is generally well-connected to city center via public transport. However, there is a lack efficient public transport between existing UNSW Campus & site.

14

Bus Line

Nature

Defense Force HQ

Railway

Park

Railway Station

Light Rail

Academic

Parliame

Site

City Hill

Airport

Site Analysis: Circulation Network

N

LEGEND

0

250

500 750M


3.2.2 Road Network Road Network Analysis The site is well connected to the regional programs through the freeways, artillery roads and access roads. It also sits on the Constituion Avenue, the municipal axis of the National Triangle as well as the gateway road from Canberra International Airport into the city center. Conclusion The site can be be easily accesed from all over the region and many important regional programs such as the airport, the administrative instituions, city center can be accessed through private vehicle. However, the city is too dependant on automobiles.

LEGEND

Artilery Road

Nature

Defense Force HQ

Access

Park

Railway Station

Local Road

Academic

Parliame

Site

City Hill

Airport

N

Freeway 0

250

500 750M

Site Analysis: Circulation Network

15


3.2 Neighborhood Scale 3.2.1 Pedestrian Network Pedestrian Network Analysis The site is within short walking and biking distant of the city center and the waterfront, with dedicated pedestrian and cyclist lane. However, there is a lack of direct pedestrian access cyclist access from city to waterfront. Pedestrian Network Analysis The overall neighborhood is pedestrian and cyclist friendly and this presents an opportunity to utilize and integrate city function with campus masterplan. However, there is a great need for ease of access between the city and the waterfront.

5mn

10mn

N

LEGEND Pedestrian Cycling Site 16

Site Analysis: Circulation Network

0

50

100 150M


3.2.2 Road Network Road Network Analysis

city, from the waterfront.

CORANDERRK STREET

Avenue, the municipal axis of the Parliamentary Triangle and one of

However, due to these roads, the site is easily accessible from

B B

the busiest roads in the city, bisects the site and divides it into two. Coranderrk Street, an atilery road, separates the site from the city center. Parkes Way, the federal highway, separates the site, and the

ANZAC PARADE

The site is surrounded by heavy traffic road. The Constitution

A A

surrounding area and vice versa via private transport.

C

Conclusion

C

CONSTITUTION AVENUE

The site is well connected to nearby programs but it is surrounded D

by heavy traffic and there is a disconnection between the site and

PARKES

the waterfront.

D

WAY

M CO N MO A WE NU

VE

HA

LT E

LEGEND

Artilery Road Access

N

Freeway 0

50

100 150M

Local Road Site Site Analysis: Circulation Network

17


3.3 Road Section Road Analysis •

Amaroo Street (A-A) is a narrow road with human scale,

connecting the campus with the residential area. •

Husing

Site

Coranderrk Street (B-B) is a wide road with an inorganic

5000

5000

7000

A-A

1500

AMAROO STREET

impression. •

① Street View

① Bird’s-eye View

Constitution Avenue (C-C) is friendly road with lots of greenery that bisect the campus site.

Parkes Way (D-D) is green as far as the eye can see, but the ②

road is too wide and very heavily traversed. The waterfront

and the site are separated by this highway.

② Street View

Site

Apartment 3000

3000

8000

5000

B-B

Conclusion

8000

800

3000

③ Street View

②+③ Bird’s-eye View

1500

CORANDERRK STREET

On Amaroo Street (A-A), the scale of the building should match the human scale. Meanwhile, large buildings should stand on

Coranderrk Street (B-B) side. As for Constitution Avenue (C-C), the area along this road should

Site

1500

3000

3000

7000

C-C

be planned to be familiar to students as it is a road that divides

1000

7000

6000

1500

Site

④ Street View

⑤ Street View

⑥ Street View

⑦ Street View

④+⑤ Bird’s-eye View

CONSTITUTION AVENUE

the campus. On the Parkes Way (D-D)'s side, connection to the waterfront is needed.

Lake

⑥+⑦ Bird’s-eye View

Site

Commonwealth Park 7000

50000

D-D

25000

7000

3000

5000

PARKES WAY HIGHWAY 0

18

Site Analysis: Circulation Network

2.5

5

7.5m


4. Topography 4.1 Topography and View Natural Environment and Vistas Burley Griffin's idea was to make the built environment interact with the surrounding natural environment. At present, the 3 mountains (Mount Ainsle, Black Mountain and Mount Pleasant) surround the city and provide a focused view that zero in on the great garden and water vista. In conclusion, Burley Griffin's proposal for a beautiful view that integrates with the natural environment still exist today. Therefore, we must preserve this view and ensure that the campus' design and development interact with the surrounding nature to continue this scenic landscape. City Hill

Bruce Ridge

Black Mountain

Mount Ainslie

LEGEND N

Commonwealth Park

Nature

City Hill

Parliament

Park

Defense Force HQ

Airport

Academic

Railway Station

0

250

500 750M

Site Analysis: Topography

19


4.2 Site Section Analysis The site is located on a richly landscaped site facing two mountains and lake. Conclusion Campus design should consider for both the view seen from the two mountains and the view seen from the other side of the lake. Relatively unimportant due to the lack of mountains to the southwest and the existing buildings adjacent to them.

Black Mountain Nature Reserve

Lake Burley Griffin

Nerang Pool

SITE SITE 0

20

Site Analysis: Topography

50

100

150m


5. Micro Climate ne ce Ju lsti So

Wind and Sun Analysis

ay

The site experience very strong wind from the west and receive

N

good sun exposure year-round.

21

l/M

N

1

Ju

r2

Ap

g/

Au

E

Conclusion

E

1

In conclusion, in terms of campus layout, the west wind should

ox

°

uin

10

0 50

Eq °

20

be considered into the design, whether to take it in or prevent

eb

t/F

Oc

°

30

00

10

°

40

it. Also, much consideration should be put into how to utlize the

an

°

50

0 50

sun exposure as well as the effect of light and shadow within the

°

60

00

8

0

0

:0

°

70

campus.

0

: 11

10

00

8:

00

9:

00

7:

v/J

No

00

6:

00

5:

:0

12

0

:0

13 0

:0

14 00

: 15 0

:0

16

0

:0

17

0

:0

W

18

S

W

0

:0

19

Wind Analysis >19

>12 >61 km/h

>5 >50

>1 >38

0 >28

S

Sun Analysis

Wind speed

Sun path

Solar variation

Time

Temperature and Sunny-ness Analysis

30 days

30 days

30 days

The temparature in the city is generally good with an appropriate

25 days

25 days

25 days

amount of rainfall and sunny-ness every month but many cloudy

20 days

20 days

20 days

days throughout the year.

15 days

15 days

Conclusion

10 days

10 days

5 days

5 days

In conclusion, campus design should consider these micro-climate condition into the campus ground design as well as building design. Especially how to take in or prevent the natural sunlight from entering into the buildings.

21

15 days

10 days

5 days 0 days

0 days Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

0 days Jan

> 35°C > 10°C

> 30°C > 5°C

> 25°C ≥ 0°C

> 20°C Frost days

> 15°C

Degree of temperature per month

>100mm 2-5mm

50-100mm < 2mm

20-50mm Dry days

10-20mm Snow days

Degree of rainfall per month

5-10mm Precipitation days

Feb

Sunny

Mar

Apr

May

Partly cloudy

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Overcast

Degree of Sunny-ness per month

Site Analysis: Micro Climate

21

21

r be m ce ce De lsti o S


Part 2

Part 2 Case Studies

Case Studies

22

Case Studies


Case studies analysis was also in the first part of the workshop. It

Laboratory

reviewed a selection university campus projects from around the

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, East Campus

world in hope of providing ideas and inspiration for students to

University of Colorado Boulder, Main Campus

develop their masterplan design and architectural project.

Open Space

The case studies were divided into 4 elements required of the

University of California, Berkley

university:

Harvard University

Laboratory, or facilities for study and research

Mixed Use

Open space, this is plaza, quad and other recreational spaces

Waseda University, Nishi Waseda Campus

Mixed use, buildings that contain a mixture of office,

Singapore Management University, Downtown Campus

innovation spaces, library, lecture rooms, etc.

Accomodation

• •

Accomodation, for students and other university users

The project site located in an urban area with about 95,000 m

2

University of Colorado Boulder, Williams Village

Harvard Business School, Harvard University

in size. So, in order to produce a masterplan that fit within this context, most of the selected universities exist within the urban context and some fundamental analyses were made: •

Scale comparison

Land use

Number of students

Iconic buildings and space of each university were selected and a diagrams of the spatial quality were created to understand the land use and circulation of each selcted case.

Case Studies

23


1. Laboratory 1.1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, East Campus Location and Access

rles

Cha

Central Boston

r ive

R

Site Analyzed Campus Area

0

2km

10min 5min

Subway Stop

rd Harvage Brid

Case: Media Lab

Longfellow Bridge

Site Analyzed Campus Area Minute Walk Subway Line 0

Student Area

500m

Scale Comparison

Domitory

Attendance

Parking

0

150m

Land Use

Parking Residential

Open Space

Student Area 105,000m2

0

24

Case Studies: Laboratory

150m

11,400


top floors for the most used spaces

Charles River view

MIT East Campus, Media Lab Appearance

View of Boston skyline

Designed to promote interaction

Openings Bright central atrium

glass walls bewween labs

openess to the outside

Social connectivity

7 research labs flanking the atrium

atelier-style research spaces

lobby that doubles as a gallery

Spaces 100 seat auditorium

skylit space for reception

cafe

https://capitalprojects.mit.edu/projects/media-lab-complex-e14 Visual and Social Connectivity

https://joi.ito.com/weblog/2014/10/02/antidisciplinar.html

http://housevariety.blogspot.com/2011/01/mit-media-lab-by-maki-and-associates.html Case Studies: Laboratory

25


1.2 University of Colorado Boulder, Main Campus

Hu

dso

nR

ive

r

Location and Access

Longmont Altona

Erie Louisville Long Island City Superior Broomfield 0

10km

Colorado Ave Br

oa

dw

30th St

ay

Baseline Rd Minute Walk Bus Line 0

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

Case: Center for Academic Success and Engagement

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Parking

Open Space

810,744m2

35,528 26

Case Studies: Laboratory

500m

500m

0

150m

Student Area


New gateway to the campus

CU Boulder Main Campus, Center of Academic Success and Engagement Solves a campus circulation problem

Appearance

Bridges connect the east and west building The buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; s rough sandstone Design exterior

Student Intaract Sustainability Efficient building

Monumental stair Light-filled three-level atrium

https://medium.com/@SOM/campus-as-catalyst-6722fce7c15d

Opening

Avoiding consumption of green space Introducing new Expansive sources of outdoor vegetation terrace

Low-flow plumbings

The electrochromic glass

LED lighting

Interior and Exterior

https://bora.co/project/university-of-colorado-boulder-center-for-academic-success-and-engagement/ Case Studies: Laboratory

27


2. Open Space 2.1 University of California, Berkley Location and Access

venue

ablo A San P

Mountain enue

sity Av

Univer

Public Ocean 10min

Oxford Street

0

2km

5min

venue Bus Stop

Bus Stop

Hearst A

treet Fulton S

Bus Stop

Case: Campanile Glade

Minute Walk Bus Line 0

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Parking Residential

40,173 28

Case Studies: Open Space

500m

500m

0

150m

Student Area

Open Space

5,795,098m2


Woodlands

UC Berkley, Campanile Glade

Glades

Masterplan

The types of open spaces

A rich variety of open spaces The natural backdrop of the hills

Places of interaction

Places of interaction and greens

Glades

Woodlands

https://capitalstrategies.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/2004_-_landscape_master_plan.pdf

Formal axes

Campus community

Openspaces

The natural order of the site

Design The sinuous form of Strawberry Creek

Monumental scale

The Beaux-Arts tradition

Bilateral symmetry

The geometry of the core The broad open lawns

Surrounding and Access

https://medium.com/@SOM/campus-as-catalyst-6722fce7c15d Case Studies: Open Space

29


2.2 Harvard University Location and Access

Fresh Pond Reservation

Charles River 0

2km

10min 5min

Re

dL

ine

Minute Walk Train Line Bus Line

Ha

rva rd

Sh utt le

Bu

s

Harvard Station

0

Case: Harvard Yard

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

150m

50m

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Residential

Open Space

Student Area

101,171m2

2,000 30

Case Studies: Open Space

0

150m


rearanged each day

Harvard University, Harvard Yard Activities

outdoor performances and games

"the chairs"

gather, relax, and socialize.

Events

Charles River

Interact

easily accessible

Surroundings

25 gates

Materials

create a canopy of sense of mature trees enclosure

Pedestorian circulation

paved, diagonal paths

extended views

https://capitalstrategies.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/2004_-_landscape_master_plan.pdf Yards and Open Spaces

Pedestrian Circulation

Yard's gate

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Proposed-development-of-yards-and-open-areas-Harvard-University-1960_fig1_315593411 Case Studies: Open Space

31


3. Mixed Use 3.1 Waseda University, Nishi Waseda Campus Location and Access

Ikebukuro Station

Nakano Station Iidabashi Station Shinjuku Station

0

10min

Wased a Do 5min

2km

ri

Subway Stop

Okubo Dori

Minute Walk Subway Line 0

Case: Southeast Area

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

150m

500m

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Parking Residential

Open Space

41,000m2

10,546 32

Case Studies: Mixed Use

0

150m

Student Area


throughfare and leisure function

Nishi Waseda Campus, Southeast Area

Plaza promotes interaction

4,800 m2 central plaza

Appearance

10 floor tower building for research

Designed for function and interaction

Openings

mixed use bldgs (reading, library, lecture)

Compact City Campus

research labs

Spaces media lab lecture room

library

Central Plaza

Mid-rise mixed use

Research Towers

4,800m2 central plaza

Libary, lecture rooms, student lounge

10 floor research towers

Case Studies: Mixed Use

33


3.2 Singapore Management University

dso

nR

ive

r

Location and Access Novena

Hu

Kallang

Downtown Core Long Island City Straits of Singapore 0

2km

Hi

5min

ll S

t

10min

Br

as

Ba

sa

hR

d

Minute Walk Bus Line 0

Case: School of Law

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Parking

Open Space

45,000m2

10,840 34

Case Studies: Mixed Use

500m

500m

0

150m

Student Area


Interdiscipli nary work

SMU, School of Law

Collaborative learning

Appearance

Natural ventilation

Student Commons

Inspirational heart

Vertical green wall

Open greenery

Kwa Geok Choo Law Library

Flexible teaching spaces

Intellectual exchange

Susutinability

Highvelocity lowspeed fans

www.smu.edu.sg/campus-life/campus-development/new-sol-building/kwa-geok-choo-law-library

Social interaction

Open Spaces

24/7 public pedestrian access

Design

Social and informal learning spaces Student Commons

Open-air terraces

SMU Hall

https://www.smu.edu.sg/campus-life/campus-development/new-sol-building/architecture-design Case Studies: Mixed Use

35


4. Accomodation 4.1 University of Colorado Boulder, Williams Village

nR

ive

r

Location and Access

dso

Longmont

Hu

Altona

Erie Louisville Long Island City Superior Broomfield 10min

30th Street

0

5min

10km

Bus Stop Baseline Road

Bus Stop Bus Stop

De

nv

er

Bo

uld

er

Case: Southeast Area

Tu

rn

pik

Minute Walk Bus Line

e0

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Parking

Open Space

152,109m2

35,528 36

Case Studies: Accomodation

500m

500m

0

150m

Residential


Social and study lounges

Bear Creak Apartments

Recreation center

Appearance

Village Market

Fucilities

Community events and activities

Creating a sense of community for students Site

Design

the convenience

Furnished apartment

One bath, one bed room type

the independence of apartment living

Impressive gateway to the city of Boulder

https://living.colorado.edu/content/bear-creek-apartments Innovation Station

Shuttle Bus service

Apartment Types Bear Creek Apartments provide five type apartments (One bed, one bath/Studio/Two beds, one bath/Four beds, two baths/Four beds, two bathroom double) Innovation Station Resources like coworking tables, 3D printers, VR stations, and art supplies are available for everyone to use so they can grow their ideas.

https://living.colorado.edu/content/bear-creek-apartments

https://www.colorado.edu/innovate/innovation-station Case Studies: Accomodation

37


4.2 Harvard Business School, Harvard University

Hu

dso

nR

ive

r

Location and Access

Fresh Pond Reservation

Harvard University

r Long Island City rive les r a Ch 0

2km

10min

5min Bus Stop

Minute Walk Train Line Bus Line 0

Case: Southeast Area

Student Area

Domitory

Parking

0

Scale Comparison

Attendance

Land Use

Parking Residential Student Area

1,859 38

Case Studies: Accomodation

150m

500m

0

150m

Open Space

205,176m2


residential space

Tata Hall Appearance

Executive Education participants

common areas

Mixed

classrooms

Social engagement

Opening

Charles River

Materials panoramic glass walls views

Maximizes Green Space

brick building

Arc-shaped

https://www.hbs.edu/about/campus-and-culture/campus-built-on-philanthropy/Pages/tata-hall.aspx Location and Floor plans

https://www.hbs.edu/about/Documents/campus-and-culture/Task%20Force%20Meeting%206.01.11.pdf

1F

2F

Typical

Basement Case Studies: Accomodation

39


Part 3

Proposed Masterplan

40

Proposed Masterplan


Introduction Proposal for the masterplan design was done by in groups while the conceptual architecture designs are done individually. Each group have their own SWOT analysis which became the basis that developped the vision of their campus and its design. On the Waseda side, proposed masterplan and conceptual architecture design of the Educational and Research building are done as a group. These proposed designs from Waseda University teams are: •

Group 1: Campus as City Core

Group 2: Food Innovation

Group 3: Lively Campus, From the Radiant Constitution Avenue

The contents in this part will explore each group's SWOT analyses, expands on their visions and look closely into the proposed design of each campus. It will also touch upon the architectural concept of the buildings that are suited to each proposal.

Proposed Masterplan

41


Group 1 Campus as City Core

Nanako Kawanami Fuma Maeda Risako Hayashi 42

Campus as City Core


G1.1 Concept Canberra's City Core The campus will be easily accessible from surrounding areas by public transportaion such as the light rail. The campus will not be limited to students but it will be open to other educational instiutions, locals, and office workers. It will function as Canberrs's City Core and be a place where various people interact.

Campus as City Core: Concept

43


G1.2 Vision Well Connected Campus In order to achieve our vision, we will make the campus a well connected campus. The following key design principles have been indentified and have been grouped into three categories as indicated below.

Visually Connected ・View to Plaza ・View from Mt. Ainslie ・Veiw to Barley Griffin Lake Physically Connected ・Well Connected to Parks ・Integrate Public Transportaion ・Fine Grids Socially Connected ・Various Users of the Campus ・Different Times and Different Users

44

Campus as City Core: Vision


G1.2.1 Vsion -Visually ConnectedView to Plaza

View from Mt. Ainslie

Veiw to Barley Griffin Lake

Connect the buildings to the plaza and make visual connection

The view from Mt.Ainslie is a major view point of Canberra. The

Provide views of Barley Griffin Lake from the campus. Users of the

with people on the ground level and people on high floor levels.

campus site is viewable from this viewpoint. In order to maintain

campus will be visually connected to the lake and be able to enjoy

the scenery, the campus building must visually connect with the

the views on campus.

surrounding buildings.

Campus as City Core: Vision

45


G1.2.2 Vision -Physically ConnectedWell Connected to Parks The campus are well connected to Glebe Park and Commonwealth Park. Integrate Public Transportaion Public transoporation hubs are connected to Green Boulevard, such as the light rail station, bus station, and bicylcle station. Fine Grids Secondary streets from the main street will provide good connection between buildings and the main street.

LEGEND Main street Constitution Avenue Green Area Office Area Bicycle station Bus station Light rail station Fine grain grids 0

46

Campus as City Core: Vision

120m


6:00

G1.2.3 Vision -Socially ConnectedVarious Users of the Campus

Take a walk

The campus will have functions that are for surrounding people in the area.

9:30

13:00

Breakfast

Play

For example, the campuses open space can be used by elderlys,

Lunch

Talk with friends

Lunch

Play

Elderly

Different Times and Different Users

16:30

20:00

Pre-schooler

such as taking a walk or jusrt to hang out with friends. At the same time, preschoolers and elementary students from near schools can

Play

enjoy the campus for after school play.

Elementary students

Study

High-school students

Breakfast

Class Research

Lunch

Play

Tutor

Take a lecture

Exercise

Club Activity

Exercise

Club Activity

UNSW Students LEGEND Green openspace Classroom

Other Students

Laboratory

Leave their child

Lounge Gym

Lunch

Exercise

Surrounding Workers

Cafeteria

Work

Lunch

Work

Give a lecture

Childcare Center

Start-UP Workers Campus as City Core: Vision

47


G1.3 SWOT analysis G1.3.1 SWOT -OpportunityEducational Institutions Near the Campus The site is located between Austrailian National University and Australian Defence Academy. There are also high schools and primary schools near the site. Wide Bus Network The site is well connected to the city center through bus network. Light Rail Extension Canberra's light rail network is planned to be extened from City Hill to Canberra Airport. By 2024, light rails will be developed crossing the campus site.

LEGEND Bus Railway Light rail Light rail Primary school High school University Site 0

48

Campus as City Core: SWOT Analysis

750m


G1.3.2 SWOT -StrengthVariety of People There are offices and residents near the site. The area is used by a mixture of locals, office workers, and students. Parks Surrounding the Site The campus site is located between Commonwealth Park and Glebe Park. The campus has the potential to connect the two parks. Cyclist Friendly Bike Lanes can be utilized to integrate the city function with the campus.

LEGEND Pedestrian Cycling Site Residential Area Office Retail Park 0

300m

Campus as City Core: SWOT Analysis

49


G1.3.3 SWOT -ThreatAuto Dependent There are many big roads in the city. By population growth, further increase of traffic is expected. .

SAMPLE LEGEND

Freeways sample 1 Artilley road sample2 Access road sample3 Heavy traffic area sample4 Site sample5 sample6 sample7

sample8 + Shift + click] Edit link. 0 [Command 750m 50

Campus as City Core: SWOT Analysis

[Command + Shift + click] Edit link.


G1.3.4 SWOT -WeaknessNo Pedestrian Environment Wide roads and huge parking spaces make the streets not interesting to walk. Weak Connection to Commonwealth Park It is hard to access to Commonwealth park from the site because it is blocked by Parkes way.

SAMPLE LEGEND

Freeways1 sample

[Command + Shift + click] Edit link.

Artilley road sample2 Access road sample3 Parking sample4 Site sample5

sample6 sample7 0

sample8 [Command + Shift + click] Edit link. 300m

Campus as City Core: SWOT Analysis

51


G1.4 Plan G1.4.1 Illustrative Plan

52

Campus as City Core: Plan


G1.4.2 Spatial Organization Green Boulevard Green Boulevard is the primary pedestiran walkway that connects Glebe Park and Commonwealth Park. It is the campuses main active area. Integrated Railway in Campus Railway crosses the southern part of the campus. The railway station is located on Green Boulevard. Campus Landmark The building on the edge of Green Boulevard is the campus landmark. Well Conection to Surroundings The campus must have good connection with surrounding areas. Pedestrian walkways connects the campus with residential area and the church. The pedestrain bridge on the westen side of the campus is integrated to the campus to have good connectivity with the office area.

Campus as City Core: Plan

53


G1.4.3 Light Rail Plan Intergrate Light Rail into the Campus The ACT Government is extending Canberra's light rail network. It is planned to connect Canberra's second largest town centre in Belconnen and Canberra Airport. The site is located in between the two areas. By the new light rail plan, the site will be connected to Austrailan National University, Canberra Centre, Rond Terrace, Kings Park, Russell Defence Precinct, Calvary Hospital, and Defence Installation.

Belconnen Australian National University

Canberra Airport

Canberra Centre Rond Terrace

Russell Defence Precinct Kings Park Calvary Hospital

LEGEND

Proposed sample 1Station Proposed sample2Light Rail Existing & Planed Station sample3 Exisiting Light Rail sample4 Existing Light Rail Plan sample5 Site sample6 sample7

sample8 + Shift + click] Edit link. 0 [Command 750m 54

Campus as City Core: Plan

Defence Installation


G1.4.4 Open Space Green Boulevard Green Boulevard connects Glebe Park and Commonwealth Park. It is the campuses main active area, which is open to public. Green Rooftop

P

Along the Green Boulevard, open space on building rooftops are provided in both north and south of the campus to invite surrounding people.

Retained by ACT

P

LEGEND Existing Green Area Green Boulevard Green Rooftop

0

120m

Campus as City Core: Plan

55


G1.4.5 Land use Public Use Public use building is located on the northern area of the campus to enable residents nearby to easilly access. Acedemic Buildings along Green Boulevard

P

The building along Green Boulevard are Academic use. The side of Green Boulevard must be studentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s active area, such as retail and learning hubs. Residential Buildings Residential buildings are located on the east side of the campus,

Retained by ACT

apart from Green Boulevard.

P

LEGEND Public use Building Residential Building Academic Building Office Building Institutional Building Park / Open Space Active Area 0

56

Campus as City Core: Plan

120m


G1.4.6 Massing ・Study and Research ~43,970㎡ ・Innovation ~42,140㎡ ・Student Accomodation ~44,280㎡ ・Resiential Teaching Facilities ~13,610㎡ ・Parking (438) ~13,160㎡

LEGEND Study and research Innovation Student accomodation Residential teaching facilities Parking

Campus as City Core: Plan

57


G1.5 Circulation G1.5.1 Pedestrian Circulation Green Boulevard Green Boulevard is the main pedestriasn street in the campus. College students and other various people pass this street. Pedestrian Bridges

P

Bridge connects buildings and also connects the campus with the west office area, and commonwealth park. Neighborhood visitors Pedestrian gathers from city hill and the residential area within the walking range.

Retained by ACT

P

LEGEND Bridge Main Pedestrian Street Pedestrian Connectors Pedestrian Intersections

0

58

Campus as City Core: Circulation

120m


G1.5.2 Bicycle Circulation Bicycle system Bicycle dedicated lanes and cycle ports are established to enable bicycle riders to reach to the campus with safety of pedestrians. Bicylce racks along Constitutional Avenue

P

Buildings along Constitutional Avenue will integrate bicycle racks to promote more bike use.

Retained by ACT

P

LEGEND Major Bicycle Route Bicycle parking lot

0

120m

Campus as City Core: Circulation

59


G1.5.3 Vehicle Circulation Visitors from a distant place Visitors from a distant place is trusted with a maintained transportation network. Service Yards

P

Service yards must be on the back side of Green Boulevard. Parking Use of light rails is expected and parking lots are suppressed in a minimum, 276 cars.

Retained by ACT

P

LEGEND General Trafic Routes Restricted Access Parking Access Service Yard P

0

60

Campus as City Core: Circulation

Parking Structure

120m


G1.5.4 Public Transportation Bus Waiting Area The building on the front of the bus stops must integrate bus waiting areas along Constitution Avenue. Light Rail Station

P

The light rail station is located on Green Boulevard, on the south part of the campus. The station must be well connected to the surrounding buildings.

Retained by ACT

P

LEGEND Light Rail Light Rail Station Bus Line Bus Station Bus Waiting Area

0

120m

Campus as City Core: Circulation

61


G1.5.5 Design Guideline Landmark Building This building must be designed in an expressive way, and be the campuses land mark. In the landmark building, there is an observation deck that is open to the public, so it will provide visual connection to Barley Griffin Lake.

P

Stairs Plaza Staircased buildings are in the center of both north and south part of the campus, along Green Boulevard. It will connect Green Boulevard to the green rooftops and the stairs itself will function as a plaza.

Retained by ACT

Building Entrance Buildings along Green Boulevard must have an entrance towards Green Boulevard.

P

LEGEND Landmark Building Stairs Building Entrance Rooftop Entrance

0

62

Campus as City Core: Circulation

120m


G1.6 Street Section G1.6.1 Green Boulevard Section The 30m wide Green Boulevard provides well access to north and

Green Boulevard (north)

south of the campus. On the south, the light rail runs through the middle of Green Boulevard. It has wide walking space that can also be the waiting area for the light rail. The buildings on both sides of Green Boulevard are staircased buildings that enables well visual connection.

A

PEDESTRIAN

BIKE

TREES

PEDESTRIAN

2.65m1.6m2.0m 5.0m

LIGHT RAIL

3.75m 3.75m 30m

PEDESTRIAN

5.0m

TREES

BIKE

PEDESTRIAN

A’

2.0m1.6m2.65m

Green Boulevard (south)

P

A

LIGHT RAIL

A’ Retained by ACT

B

B’

P

B

PEDESTRIAN

BIKE

TREES

2.65m1.6m2.0m

PEDESTRIAN

5.0m

LIGHT RAIL

LIGHT RAIL

3.75m 3.75m 30m

PEDESTRIAN

5.0m

TREES

BIKE

PEDESTRIAN

B’

2.0m1.6m2.65m

Campus as City Core: Street Section

63


G1.6.2 Parkes Way Section

P

Retained by ACT

Parkes way is a very wide street mainly for vehicles. In order to make better pedestrian connection between Commonwealth Park and the campus, a pedestrain bridge is provided.

P

Also, the light rail is on the edge of the street to avoid accidents at the intersection.

D

D’

Parkes Way (Before)

D

D’ SITE

TREES

CAR

15m

TREES

11.5m

CAR

8.7m

38m 84m

TREES

COMMONWEALTH PARK

PEDESTRIAN

COMMONWEALTH PARK

11m

Parkes Way (After)

D

D’ SITE

64

TREES

4.6m

PEDESTRIAN

11m

Campus as City Core: Street Section

BIKE LIGHT RAIL LIGHT RAIL

1.6m 3.75m 3.75m

TREES

CAR

8.7m

84m

31m

CAR

8.7m

11m


G1.6.3 Constitution Avenue Section Light rail runs through the middle of Constitution Avenue. The roads features two travel lanes and a bike lane in each direction. The buildings along Constituion Avenue has pilotis that provide bike racks, adn waiting areas for buses.

Constitution Avenue

P

C

Retained by ACT

C’ P

C

C’ PEDESTRIAN

TREES

6.0m

2.0m

PEDESTRIAN

6.5m

TREES

BIKE

2.0m1.6m

CAR

6.5m

LIGHT RAIL

LIGHT RAIL

3.75m 3.75m 57m

CAR

BIKE

TREES

6.5m 1.6m 2.0m

PEDESTRIAN

6.65m

TREES

2.0m

PEDESTRIAN

6.0m

Campus as City Core: Street Section

65


G1.6.4 Constitution Avenue [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box. [Command + Shift + click] Edit text box.

SAMPLE [Command + Shift + click] Edit link.

66

Campus as City Core: Street Section


G1.7 Educational Building G1.7.1 Educational Building Design Concept Visually Connected Floors Provide vertically well connection among floors to make visual connection between different users. This will enable different people to interact and lead to innovation. Easy Access to Open Space By sliding floors, rooftops can be used as open space. People can also enter the upper floors from outside. Attract People from Light Rail Station Big stairs are expanded from the light rail station to attract people that get off.

Campus as City Core: Education Building

67


G1.7.2 Floor Plan

Research Office Convenient Store

Retail UP

Research Office

Research Office

Research Office

Tutorial Space

Tutorial Space

1F Retail / Lecture Tutorial Space

2F

UP

Retail

Class / Research

UP

Informal Learning Area DN

3F Research

Lecture Space Flip Mode Tutorial Space

Lecture Space

4F Office

UP

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

Research Office

Research Office

Research Office

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

Staff Meeting Room

Research Office

Office

Office

Office

Exective Meeting Room

DN

Research Office

Staff Meeting Room

Staff Meeting Room

UP

Exective Suite

DN

DN

Staff Meeting Room

Staff Meeting Room

DN

THIRD FLOOR PLAN

0

68

Campus as City Core: Education Building

15m

FOURTH FLOOR PLAN


G1.7.3 Section Overlaying Stairwells Each floor provides visual connection to other floors so that people can see each others activity. There are no seperation caused by floors.

0        5        10       15 (m)

Campus as City Core: Education Building

69


G1.7.4 Building Perspectives

70

Campus as City Core: Education Building


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Group 2 Food Innovation

Saima Natsuki Miura Moeko Srey Sokuncharia 72

Food Innovation


This page is intentionally left blank

Food Innovation

73


G2.1 Concept Campus as Canberra's productive landscape •

The campus will take advantage of Canberra's good weather and connect with the existing green space of Canberra: Mount Ainslie

integrating with surrounding parks and transforming them into a productive urban landscape that serve the new food

Merici College

campus and local community. •

The campus can make the Parliamentary Triangle more vibrant through food culture, festivals, and businesses. It can also link the city's diverse community together.

Canberra Airport

UNSW CANBERRA

The campus functions & facilities can be used by the regional university network, stimulating ideas and creativity.

Royal Military College, Duntroom

Mount Pleasant

City Center

Australian National University

Jerrabomberra Wetlands Black Mountain Black Mountain Peninsula

LEGEND Site Canberra's Central Business District Parliament of Australia Nature Reserves Green space Universities Colleges Canberra International Airport

74

Food Innovation: Concept

St Mark’s Grassland

Charles Stuart University Australian Federal Police College The College of Public Sector Management St Edmund’s College Canberra


G2.2 Vision FOOD INNOVATION

The main purpose of this vision is to stimulate academic and research while creating partnership local businesses and creating a space where everyone can socialize and exchange

X

Businesses & Universities

Students & Researchers Academic & Research

ideas, transforming the campus into a hub for knowledge

FOOD INNOVATION

bank. Users of this campus are not limited to students and teaching

se

Partnership

rpo

bodies but also the local residents, tourists, local businesses

Us

Pu

and the surrounding universities. Campus facilities and open space will be open to the public while Canberra's urban fabric such as the Constitution Avenue,

Gateway for Interactions

heritage site and water front will be considered into campus

Fa

itie s

Constitution Ave & Mixed use

Campus Ground

c ill

contributes to the population.

ers

the city's aesthetic landscape into a productive landscape that

FOOD

and this vision of food innovation can be the trigger that transform

SINESS BU

the urban area. Furthermore, Canberra has a rich natural landscape

X

campus design driver so that historical identity can be reinforced in

FO O

ON I T

D

production in Australia, food (and agriculture) was choosen as the

ED UC A

Since Canberra has always historically been a place of food

design so that the campus can be fully integrated into the Residents & Tourists

urban fabric.

Heritage site & Open space

FO

OD

X

R C U LTU

E

Food Innovation: Vision

75


G2.2.1 Strategy Food x Education

Food x Culture

Food x Business

Food x Education vision uses food and agriculture as material for

The main purpose of Food x Culture vision isto stimulate urban life

Food x Business vision is about fostering an ecosystem that

education.

by integrating Canberra’s culture & identity with campus ground.

connects the campus with the local businesses and other

The faculty of food education is a strategy that focuses on the

The heritage site, which already has social value within the

universities within Canberra. This can be acheived by:

study, growth and sales of produce. It also includes study and

local community, will be integrated into the campus ground

research into agronomy, horticulture and animal husbandry .

and used as a public open space.

Edible campus strategy focuses on transforming as much

The campus will also curate the food and cultural festival of

Campus providing organic food source to, not only the local

ACT in order to attract social interaction and revitalize the

residents, but the local restaurants as well. In return, waste

surfaces. This strategy will be part of passive architectural

Constitution Avenue. Furthermore, the campus ground can

from these sources can be recycled to create bio-energy which

design that drives sustainability across the campus.

serve as a venue space in this situation.

will ensure a circular economy within the campus. •

Campus as a local knowledge bank where its creative and

with the campus farm so that Canberra's vast decorative

innovative spaces can be used by everyone so that the

landscape can be given more merit besides aesthetic.

campus can become the main human resource for the city.

Edible Campus Faculty of Food Education

Study - Grow - Sell

Local Knowledge Bank

Integrate Heritage Site Activate Constitution Avenue

Farm Curtain

Community garden

Green Roof

Productive Landscape

Mixed use

use as communal open space

Culinary school

Integrate surrounding parks with campus farm

Food Innovation: Vision

Student recreations & innovation center

Visible groundfloor + accesibility

Food & Cultural Festival

76

of the campus built environment as possible into farming

Productive landscape is about integrating surrounding parks

Activating the Constitution Avenue to stimulate cash flow between the campus and the city.

Culinary culture

Organic Food Source

Bio-waste recycling / Circular Economy


G2.2.2Vision Campus as a Place for Education, Culture andBusiness To cultivate an ecosystem that is not only for educational purpose

HERITAGE SITE

but also to stimulate the culture and business of Canberra, this

CULTURE

FOOD FESTIVAL

campus will include various facilities. These facilities include: •

Study, grow and sell facility and culinary school where students and university staffs can research into food science as well as make profit.

Farm curtain and green roof on buildings.

Community garden that is used by residences and university users as a productive landscape and recreations.

Heritage site that continues to cultivate social capital for the

COMMUNITY GARDEN

MIXED USE CAFE

CARINARY SCHOOL

OPEN SPACE

INNOVATION CENTER

community and university. •

Innovation center and mixed use facilitesthat stimulate creativity and innovation as well as a place to encourage entrepreneurship.

BIO-WASTE RECYCLING STUDY-GROW-SELL

Bio-waste recycling facilities to handle agricultural and food

BUSINESS

waste and achieve circular economy. FARM CURTAIN

GREEN ROOF

EDUCATION

Food Innovation: Vision

77


G2.3 SWOT Analysis 2



Next to green & open space Very close to Glebe park & Commonwealth park

1

S 3

Adjacent to city center Close to administrative, retail, daily services &

2

recreational services of Canberra's CBD Easy accessibility City center is only 10mn walk away and is connected

3

through bus line View Site has a good view of the waterfront to the

4

southwest and mouth Ainslie to the northeast

Campus as an extension of parks Link campus greenery to surrounding parks and city open space to cultivate a sense of community Dense urban corridor Integrate the campus into urban fabric by activating

Opportunity for views toward nature reserves in

2 3

existing social capital of the local community

3



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2

  

   4

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50m

100m

150m

O

Park PedeďŹ&#x2020;rian

P

1

P

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View

4

  

4 

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T

Constitution Avenue in and out of the city center Integrate with the campus to take advantage of the



O

upper floors and campus can serve as vista along the Heritage site

2

R

Residence

Constitution Avenue View & Vista



T

H

1

   

4

2

U

4

   

3

1

    

  

N I T Y

78

0

50m

100m

150m

Food Innovation: SWOT Analysis Housing Park

View

Opportunity to connect Public transport


3

 

Busy road network Heavy traffic, not pedestrian & cyclist friendly and

1



3 

W

 

prevent access to the waterfront Car park Regulation requires too much car park

E

2

  1  

A K

Land use Underdevelopped north-eastearn side (residential)

3

N E

is unlikely to contribute much to the campus and needs to be better integrated into urban fabric

S S

Disconnected greenery Roads are barriers to waterfront & green space Traffic volume Vehicular usage is ingrained into the urban fabric & increase of traffic volume due to ACTâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s plan to upgrade Constitution Avenue & Parkes Way

  

1

0

50m

100m

150m

T Housing

2

H

 

Park

Opportunity to connect

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T 1

0

50m

100m

2

 

150m

Food Innovation: SWOT Analysis

79


G2.4 Masterplan G2.4.1 Illustrative Masterplan

LEGEND Rooftop farm

Main building

Green field (farm)

Quad

Green field (orchard

Green field (animal field)

Foot bridge (connect campus with Commonwealth park) Permeable road (connect campus across Constitution Ave.) 80

Food Innovation: Masterplan


G2.4.2 Masterplan Development GRID TYPE

MALL TYPE

QUAD TYPE

PRO

PRO

PRO

Abundant green area

Intimate interior access

CON

Good sun exposure on the mall (main green field)

Abundant green area

Clear access with local community and to the water front

Campus core is integrated with Constitution Avenue

Accessible and intergrated campus core

CON •

Lack clear connection with water front

Doesn't integrate heritage site

Lack sun exposure, especially open space between buildings

CON

Excessive building footprint

East-west green area lack sun exposure

Lack clear connection with water front

Excessive building footprint Conclusion

Criteria Type

maximize minimize Potential North-south Communal sun exposure building footprint roof garden ground garden access

Mixed uses Integrate heritage site

Interior access

Integrated campus core

Exterior Connection

Mall type: main green field and sun exposure on green field; integrate with local community, heritage site and waterfront; integrated campus core

Grid type

Quad type: minimize building footprint; maximize groud area and sun exposure

Grid type: initiate intimate interior access

Mall type

Quad type

LEGEND Study & research

Student accomodation

Innovation

Vehicle parking

Residential teaching facilities

Campus core Food Innovation: Masterplan

81


G2.4.3 Organizational Structure Main Green Field • •

As campus mall/main green space As the main landscape connection and view corridor from the local community and heritage site to the waterfront

Green Field •

As community garden that can be easily accessed by the local residence & students

Landscape continuity: as a connection between the waterfront and nearby park

Northern side: as a transition between heritage site to campus buildings

Southern side: As a vista along the Constitution Avenue into the CBD and a visual gateway to campus from the Constitution Avenue

Main Quad •

Directly connected to main green field.

As publicly available recreational space that connects with Constitution Avenue and can be used as a venue for the city.

City Connection •

Divide the northern side into smaller, more manageable development parcels

Provide clear interior access between parcels

As a connection between Canberra's central business district & the campus

Access across the campus through to the church

LEGEND Mall / Main green field

82

Green field

Main quad

Park

Canberra's CBD

Church & Museum

View corridor

Local residence

Food Innovation: Masterplan


G2.4.4 Land Use The land use is organized by the grid pattern that dominates the urban fabric of Canberra. There are also productive green fields that run across the site which can provide vitality and effective interaction between built and natural environment. Core areas Core areas sit on the northern side of the campus as it is most close to the CBD and local residence, providing potential for communal interactions and usage of existing facilities in the CBD. Study and research Mostly near the CBD, with excellent connection with green field. Innovation The innovation core is situated in front of the retained parcel so that future development has equal opportunity of accessing the facility. Most innovation facilities also sit along the Constitution Avenue in hope of activating the road to become more vibrant. Student accomodation Student accomodation is separated from the academic area to provide some sense of separation between 'work' and 'play' but near the innovation core so that creativity and innovation can be constantly cultivated. Residential teaching facilities Adaquate interaction with academic and green field with a fantastic view of the waterfront. Parking Situtated by the busiest road of the neighborhood and located near the parking lot of nearby facility. LEGEND Study & Research

Innovation

Student Accomodation

Residential Teaching

Parking

Green field Food Innovation: Masterplan

83


G2.4.5 Development Parcels Parcel 1 A part of the academic core, building coverage at ~80% Parcel 2 A part of the academic core with space for innovation and running along the Constitution Avenue, building coverage at ~80% Parcel 3 A part of the residential core, building coverage at ~ 70% Parcel 4 A part of the residential core with space for innovation and running along the Constitution Avenue, building coverage at ~60% Parcel 5 The innovation core, running along the Constitution Avenue, building coverage at ~60% Parcel 6 A part of the academic area with space for innovation, building coverage at ~80% Parcel 7 A part of the academic area with space for residential teaching facilities, building coverage at ~80% Parcel 8 Parking, building coverage at ~90%, with up to 2 floor of underground parking area

LEGEND Green field 84

Food Innovation: Masterplan


G2.4.6 Open Space Framework There are two types of major open space in the campus: the green field and the quad. These are a functional system of productive landscape and generously-sized quads that provide relief from built environment and human-scale space of interactions. Green Field The primary campus landscape that serves as both recreational and productive landscape. This functions mainly as a community garden that can be used and profited by both students and local community. The green field consist of 3 distinct productive landscape: farm, orchard and animal field. Quad The buidling block of social outdoor space of every parcel where users can rest, interact and socialize. •

Building entries and active usage should be oriented toward quads to maximize campus liveliness.

Connect with campus green field, visually or phsically, to ensure landscape continuity.

A recreational green space that can be semi-productive.

Stormwater management area Besides being a productive landscape while also offering respite from the concrete jungle of the city, the campus green field also serves as a stormwater management system for the neighborhood. The soil and vegetations on the green field will help slow the flow of runoff and manage rainwater where it falls, filtering out pollutant in the process.

LEGEND Farm

Orchard

Animal field

Quad Food Innovation: Masterplan

85


G2.4.7 Parcel Edge Development This edge development framework is to clarify building's responses to the campus open space, ensuring that the building design will support the vision of the campus and ensure appropriate approaches to interaction with the open space. •

Build-to line: building edges must align to ensure clear delineation of important space.

Flexible development line: alterable building alignment that create variation which allows for interesting facade interactions and humanly-scaled space.

Building alignment along the green field and Constitution Avenue must be rigid to provide clear separation between usages and relief from the road traffic.

LEGEND Build-to line Flexible development line 86

Food Innovation: Masterplan


G2.4.8 Edge Treatment Edge treatment must reinforce the interaction between buildings with adjacent green fields and quads in order to ensure efficient study and research route between building and green field. It must also invite users into buildings as well as facilitate outdoor socialization and vibrancy. Entrance Zone Primary entries and exits are situated along the green field, quad and Constitution Avenue to allow for fluid access and ensure high pedestrian traffic. It will also reinforce the connection between building and the natural landscape as well as create vitality and a sense of community Visible Ground Floor Open ground floor or visible facade mainly for buildings along the Constitution Avenue to activate the street & provide a sense of connection into the campus. Special Treatment Special treatment areas exists at the corner of major intersection between green field and Constitution Avenue, to creating attractive vistas for the city, and along the green field. These special treatments can come in the form of public arts in the quad or iconic building structures that stimulates the senses.

LEGEND Main quad Main green field Green field Buildings' main entrance zone Visible ground floor Special facade treatment Food Innovation: Masterplan

87


G2.4.9 Building Height Building height must comply with ACT's guideline while also ensuring maximum sun exposre onto the green field ACT's maximum building height: no habitable space encroaches above 25m •

Maximum floor to ceiling height: 4m

M a x i m i z e s u n ex p o s u r e o n g r e e n f i e l d : l o w - r i s e buildings along the main green field allows for minimized shadowcasting onto the greenfield. Constitution Avenue: mid-rise buildings to privide vista and

take advantage of interactions along the busy road. Maximize open ground area & minimize building

footprint: every other building should be of mid-rise so that the building footprint can be minimized, while floor area can be maximized, and also freeing up ground level for open space where social interaction and recreation can occur.

Building location

Min span

Max height

Green field

25m

12m

Constitution Ave.

25m

25m

Others

Varied

25m

LEGEND Main quad Main green field Green field Main green field low-rise, max 12m Constitution Avenue mid-rise, max 24m 88

Food Innovation: Masterplan


G2.4.10 Building Footprint Building Footprint Building span 50m requires path within building plate to facilitate pedestrian connections. •

Study and research ~58,390m2

Innovation ~44,115m2

Student accomodation ~46,542m2

Residential teaching facilities ~21,492m2

Parking ~8,781m2

LEGEND Study & research Innovation Student accomodation Residential teaching facilities Vehicle parking Food Innovation: Masterplan

89


G2.4.11 Shadow Casting Shadow Casting

Winter

Shadow casting study is done to ensure that the main green field

June/01

Spring September/01

recieve ample sun exposure throughout the day. Low-rise buildings along the main green field will definitely ensure maximum sun exposure onto the ground area as shadow length will be shortened and move quickly along with the sun. Especially in winter, the shadow will only dominate half of the main green field. In spring, summer and fall, shadow will barely be casted over main green field.

Fall April/01

LEGEND 9 A.M 90

Food Innovation: Masterplan

12 P.M

3 P.M

Summer January/01


G2.5 Circulation Framework G2.5.1 Pedestrian & Transit Framework Despite the inherent automobile dependency of Canberra, the campus will encourage walking since the campus area is realtively small and facilities are somewhat compact. Pedestrian Network Pedestrian access is well connected to the surrounding roads and connected with all locations of the campus. Transit Network The campus is served by a public bus system that runs along the Constitution Avenue, connecting the campus to the central business district and airport. A private bus system that connects the campus with the existing UNSW x ADFA is proposed to facilitate students and staff movement as well as produce transportation between the two campuses. The bus stations are located with 200m range of the campus.

LEGEND Buildings' entrance Public bus stop University bus stop Main pedestrian road Sub pedestrian road Main pedestrian intersection Food Innovation: Circulation Framework

91


G2.5.2 Bicycle Circulation Framework Bicycle Network Bicycling is also encouraged within the campus ground and bikers can use the pedestrian lanes to access all area of the campus. Bicycle Parking Bicycle parking must be available in every parcels to encourage biking and facilitate bikers within the campus.

LEGEND Bicycle road Bicycle parking 92

Food Innovation: Circulation Framework


G2.5.3 Vehicle Circulation Framework Vehicular Network Restricted car use: vehicles are not allowed free roam in the campus. Utility roads and parking lot are connected to Constitution Avenue and Parkes Way to further minizmize vehicle usage within the campus ground. Service Area â&#x20AC;˘

Building service area should be strategically placed in area that can be easily accessed from the green fields and roads to not only facilitate access between the rooftop farm and ground area but also ease user access across different levels.

â&#x20AC;˘

Loading and refuge area at the ground level should be located within building envelopment whenever possible and/ or away from outdoor space to screen view and block noise pollution.

LEGEND Entrance Vehicle road Service areas Food Innovation: Circulation Framework

93


G2.5.4 Campus Green Field Road The green field road is the most important road of the campus. This road is used for pedestrian and bicyclists only, with linear landscape along the building side. Despite its vehicle restriction, its size is big enough to accomodate vehicle in case of emergency.

4000

3000 7000

94

Food Innovation: Circulation Framework


G2.5.5 Road Between Buildings This roap type is strictly for pedestrian and bicyclists, with linear landscapes directly beside the buildings. Although vehicles are prohibited from entering during daily usage, it is big enough to accomodate emergency response.

3000

4000 10000

3000 Food Innovation: Circulation Framework

95


G2.5.6 Utility Road Utility roads are designed with a welcoming landscape central median, exhibiting the local ornamental trees. This median acts as a traffic divider between automobiles and pedestrian/bicyclist so that traffic safety can be ensured for every mean of transportation.

7000

3000 14000

96

Food Innovation: Circulation Framework

4000


G2.6 Section G2.6.1 Masterplan Section

Section A-A

Section B-B

LEGEND Study & Research

Innovation

Student Accomodation

Residential Teaching

Parking

Green field Food Innovation: Section

97


G2.6.2 Masterplan Perspective

A

B 98

Food Innovation: Section


G2.7 Landscape Framework G2.7.1 Green Field Landscape Framework The overarching concept of the campus is the productive landscape, which is divided into three categories: farm, orchard and animal field. These three typologies respond to the essential food production system. •

FARM

ORCHARD

Farm: this plot locates nearest to the local community as it will be used to grow daily agriculture produces that will primarily be harvested by university goers and local community for their day to day live.

POST-HARVESTING STATION

ANIMAL FIELD

Orchard: seasonal harvests that every one can benefit from. Its foilage and coverage will also provide relief from the weather

OUTSIDE DRYING

INSIDE DRYING

along the Avenue and across the campus. •

Animal field: will mainly be used for academic and research purposes into animal husbandry.

Post-harvesting Station

STORAGE

There are two post harvesting stations, one on each side of the campus, and this is to facilitated the drying and storage of produce from the green field that is divided by Constitution Avenue. Both

ANIMAL PEN

harvesting stations are located directly beside the green field with ROOFTOP GARDEN

direct access to the service area of their respective parcels. Animal Pen Animal pen locates directly next to the animal grazing field, allowing for easy management and feeding of the animals. Bio-waste Station

POST-HARVESTING STATION

Bio-waste recycling facility is near the green field, post-harvesting

BIO-WASTE

station and animal to facilitate transports of waste into the facility. Its location will also make it easy to transport fertilizer, soil and fuel

DRYING

STORAGE FUEL

FERTILEZER

SOIL

for use within the campus.

Food Innovation: Landscape Framework

99


G2.7.2 Green Field Landscape Palette Farm

Orchard

Animal field

The landscape materials for this green field are vegetables, herbs

The landscapes material for horticulture consist of Australian fruit,

This typology is an urban pastorial landscape where livestock are

and produces that are grown across the Australian agronomy

nuts and vegetables. These produces include oranges, apples,

released onto vegetated outdoor lands for grazing. The materials

landscape. These should include crops such as wheat and barley,

bananas, chestnuts, pineapples, olives, etc.

for the animal green field will mainly consist mainly of grass and

pumpkin, sweet corn, zucchini, asparagus, beans, snow peas,

It's also significant to note that wine is huge industry in Australian,

legume forages.

cabbage, cucumbers, English spinach, sweet potato, spring onions,

therefore a portion of the orchard green field should be used for

This plot can also be used to cultivate crops as well as, once

leeks, broccolini, swedes, turnips, beetroot and Brussels sprouts.

viticulture. This can serve as the driver for further scientific study

harvested, these crop residues will serve as forages for the

Produces will be harvested by the local residences and students

and research into wine production during the age of climate

livestocks.

to use private. They can also be used by the university food

change.

production or sold off for profit.

100

Wheat

Oranges

Apples

Grass forage

White clover forage

Various vegetable (farm rows)

Olives

Grapes

Cattles

Pigs

Food Innovation: Landscape Framework


G2.7.3 Green Field Footpath Guideline The campus green field is not only used for agricultural production and stormwater management but also for social interactions and recreations. The footpath logic is to ensure that connections can be cultivated across the campus and with the surrounding landscape such as the heritage site and the water front. The footpath itself can serve as a public domain that allow rooms for exchange of knowledge and ideas as well as social interactions and recreations between students, faculty members and local residences.

LEGEND Green field (farm) Green field (orchard

Green field (animal field)

Foot bridge (connect campus with Commonwealth park) Permeable road (connect campus across Constitution Ave.) Food Innovation: Landscape Framework

101


G2.7.4 Green Field Footpath Palette Footpath

Constitution Avenue Footpath

Parkes Way Footbridge

As mentioned in the Organizational Structure (G2-4.3), the green

As it is impossible to bar traffic on Constitution Avenue since it is

Parkes Way is a major highway in Canberra that connects the city

field is the main land use division of the campus. Furthermore, they

one of the fundamental roads of Canberra city, the campus green

with nearby territories, there fore, it is important that a footbridge is

are very large in legth. Therefore, it is important that the footpath

field must transition into the road texture. Permeable pavement is

created to ensure seemless connection between the campus green

on the green field connects the different development parcels of

the recommended texture for the intersection between the campus

field with the waterfront. This infrastructure reinforces the vision of

the campus together.

green field and Constituion Avenue.

integrating surrounding natural landscape as a part of the campus

The footpath should be made from pervious materials like wood,

Traffic calming devices should also be employed to facilitate

productive landscape. It will also facilitate connections between

cobblestone and sandstone that can retain water.

pedestrian access and ensure traffic safety between the north and

the city to the lake by using the campus as a medium, increasing

south side of the campus. However, these traffic calming devices

social interaction across the campus ground.

must not restrict access by emergency vehicles.

102

Footpath textures (wood & cobblestone)

Permeable pavement textures

Footbridge wooden texture

Ref: Fukiage Shobu Park, Tokyo, Japan

Intersection speed table

Ref: BP Pedestrian Bridge, Chicago

Food Innovation: Landscape Framework


G2.8 Architectural Design Framework G2.8.1 General Architectural Design Concept Edible Building Campus This concept is to reinforce our vision of productive landscape in which as much of the campus built environment can be used as a part of the urban farm as possible so that the ground area can be freed up for the local community to use as a community gardenalongside students. These urban farms attached to buildings are where students primarily conduct their study and research on agronomy and horticulture. Green roof •

Farm terrace (+ leisure stairs &/or slope)

To tke advantage of Canberra's general sunniness, green roof

should be employed on every roof. •

The green roofs can also serve as an opportunity to study into innovative green roof design to standardized performance metrics for Green Roof Applications that will help Creating

Green wall (+ stairs)

Locate on public buildings (academic & innovation) that runs

Take advantage of sun exposure along the northeartern walls.

directly along the main green field so that the farm on the

Option of connecting the ground area to the rooftop via

ground area and rooftop farm can be easily accessed.

stairs/slope by the green wall to facilitates harvesting and take

Provide potential for recreations while also inviting users into

advantage of potential recreations along the walls and stairs.

the building premise.

better green roofs carries significant economic and

As a part of passive architectural design to encourage sustainability and regulate interior comfort.

environmental benefits for cities

Ref: University of Warsaw library & botanic garden, Poland

Primary farm terrace location

Primary green wall location

Ref : Deansgate -Castlefield Ref: University of Toronto, GRIT Lab, Canada

Ref: Thammasat University rooftop farm, Thailand

Ref: Yawata, Kyoto, Japan

metrolink, Manchester, UK

Food Innovation: Architectural Design Framework

103


Green House Interior This concept is to reinforce the continuity of green landscape even with in the building. These interior green spaces allows for lighting and ventialtion inside the building while stimulating more recreation and socialization within the building space. It can also invite users to come into the building.

Green Terrace •

Buildings that face one another and have less than 7m between them must have green terrace to provide natural respite from the built environment.

As a recreational and semi-productive public realm within buildings.

Visually connect buildings that face one another through greenery. Primary green terrace location

Ref: Park Royal, Singapore

Ref: Wageningen University Greenhouse, Netherlands

Ref: Eden Square, Rennes urban area, France

Green Atrium •

Building plate exceeding 2000m2 requires an atrium

Provide adaquate lighting and ventilation into building's

As a recreational and semi-productive public realm within

interior. buildings and visually link the interior space with the campus green field on the outside.

104

Food Innovation: Architectural Design Framework


G2.8.2 Education & Research Building Concept Circular economy The green field and rooftop farms are all for academic research purpose but the campus keep harvests in use for as long as possible. Beside being used to study and sold for profit, food wastes

Academic & Research

Biofuel

can be collected and recycled to produce bio-fertilizer and soil. These recycled goods can be used to fertilize the green field and, if it exceeds demand, it can be sold for profit. The waste can also be

Building

used to generate fuel as well.

Food Waste

Bio Fertilizer

Bio Fertilizer

Bio Waste Bio Waste

Farm Culinary & Gastronomy

Green Roof

Food Production & Retail Food Innovation: Education & Research Building

105


G2.8.2 Education & Research Building Concept (Bio-waste) Bio-waste recycling •

Users: students (research), UNSW x ADFA campus, community & local buisnesses.

Bio-waste (green field).

Food waste (community, CBD, students & campus).

Waste -> recycling -> fertilizer & soil.

SAMPLE [Command + Shift + click] Edit link.

Bio-fuel •

Users: students (research), UNSW x ADFA campus, community & local buisnesses.

Bio-waste (green field).

Food waste (community, CBD, students & campus).

Waste -> recycling -> biofuel.

Biofuel -> campus bus (+ electricity).

SAMPLE [Command + Shift + click] Edit link.

106

Food Innovation: Education & Research Building


G2.8.2 Education & Research Building Concept (Solar Energy) Solar panel Install solar panels on the rooftop of one of the campus building. It is not impossible to supply electricity to all buildings with solar panels alone, but we will supply some electricity and aim for a selfsufficient campus. Annual solar power generation (Ep) Ep=H × K × P × 365/1 H(Average amount of solar radiation) : 4.9 [kWh/m2/day] K(Loss factor) : 0.73 P(System capacity) : 100 [kW] 365 [days] Isolation intensity : 1 [kW/m2] Ep=4.9 × 0.73 × 100 × 365/1=130560.5 [kWh/year]

Commercial solar panels Food Innovation: Education & Research Building

107


G2.8.3 Education & Research Building Floorplan 1st Floor

2nd Floor

3rd Floor

40m

terrace

terrace 27m

research office 35m

research office

15m

20m

informal learning areas

staff meeting

supporting office acdemic & professorial single office offices

convenience store

cafeteria terrace

terrace 55m

innovation

academic shared space student service & counselling executive meeting executive suite

retail

4th Floor

innovation

open plan innovation

5th Floor terrace

6th Floor terrace

lecture

tuorial spaces

library

terrace

staff shared spaces

flip mode terrace terrace

informal learning areas

lecture / fun informal hub

LEGEND

108

Building service core

Informal learning space

Staff meeting

Teaching Space

Main entrance area

Atrium

Research office

Office space

Staff shared space

Pedestrian entrance

Green terrace

Passing corridor

Food Innovation: Education & Research Building


G2.8.4 Education & Research Building Sections Atrium The atrium is a shared socializing space between the Education & Research building and the innovation building beside it. Green Terrace The green terrace faces the northeastern side, providing open

+4m

green space within the building.

0m

Passing Corridor

+24m

The two buildings are connected by 3 passing corridors on 3 different levels (level 3, level 4 & level 5) +12m

+4m 0m

LEGEND Building service core Green terrace Atrium Passing corridor +24m +20m

+12m +8m 0m

Food Innovation: Education & Research Building

109


G2.8.5 Education & Research Building Perspective

C

D 110

Food Innovation: Education & Research Building


E

Food Innovation: Education & Research Building

111


Group 3 Lively Campus From the Radiant Constitution Avenue

Takahiro Kimura Louis-Marc Dalton Ryohei Toda Zou Lichen 112

Lively Campus


G3.1 Context Plan In the context of the clear order of Griffins plan, the site has an execptional location on the northern segment of the Parliementary Triangle, within a walking distance of City Hill. Libraries, galleries and other cultural instutions are within a comfortable cycling distance. The site is adjacent to Canberra's iconic Commonwealth park that spans the shore of Lake Burley Griffin.

Defence

City Hill

5min

Open Space

15min

National Triangle Cultural facilities

20min

Parliament

Lively Campus

113


G3.1.1 Neighborhood Plan On a neighborhood level, the site is adjacent to a residential area to its north and the commercial core of Canberra to its west. It is divided by Constitution Avenue, a straight link between the city

Airport

center and an institutional defence node to the east. From the eastern edge of the commercial center, the site shares Constitution Avenue with vaste car parks, open areas and land use mostly for institutional buildings.

Commercial Residential Open Space

N

Institution Constitution Avenue Site

114

Lively Campus

0

50

100

150m


G3.1.2 Griffin's Imagined Street For Constitution Avenue, Griffin had imagined a lively main street along which there would be a mix of businesses, residences and institutional buildings. At present, the street is scarcely constructed on both sides, and institutional buildings dominate.

Griffin - 1918

Canberra - 2004

Lively Campus

115


G3. 2 Vision Lively Campus From a Radiant Constitution Avenue Constitution avenue has an important role in urban planning in Griffin and is one of the national triangles that shape Canberra. However, it is now a busy street, making it difficult for pedestrians to walk on. Our vision is to bring back the vibrancy along the constitution avenue that Griffin envisioned by planning this campus.

116

Lively Campus


G3.2.1 Lively Avenue

To make Lively Avenue, this plan will make Constitution Avenue a pedestrian- and bike-friendly street and trigger a variety of activities on the road. 1.Pavement Design the roadway and sidewalk pavement to make the street more pedestrian and bicycle friendly. This will reduce traffic on Constitution Avenue and make the street more walkable and bikable.

reference pavement 2.Open Space Design open spaces along the street to provoke a variety of activities. The project will also create open cafes and terraces to create a space where students can freely enjoy eating, reading, and other activities on Constitution Avenue.

Lively Campus

117


G3.2.2 Strategies

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Dormitory Academic Innovation Residence Car Park

118

Lively Campus

Pedestrian Bicycle Bus


G3.3 Masterplan G3.3.1 Illustrative Plan

Lively Campus

119


G3.3.2 Land Use Framework Mix Land Use As a guideline, innovation (including commercial) use is on the first floor of main pedestrian corridors. Dormitory buildings have an innovation floor on the ground level and are on the area along the quiet heritage site,. Academic buildings are on both sides of Constitution Avenue.

Innovation Academic Domitory Residential Parking Site Boundary

0

120

Lively Campus : Framework

25

50

100m


G3.3.3 Landscape Framework

Globe Park

Triangle Green Corridor

Heritage

Triangle Green Corridor acts as an exclusive pedestrian path and a

Constituion Avenue and Green Triangle form plaza-like landscaped nodes. Green Roofs

Gateway

r orr ido

The intersections of Central Street and Triangle Green Corridor, and

nC

Green Nodes

Gr ee

corners.

Central Street

linear park connecting public parks outside of campus at two of its

Tri

an

gle

Dormitoriy buildings must have direct access to a green roof.

Node

LEGEND Green Connection

Constiotution Ave.

Gateway

Lively Street Node Site Boundary

Commonwealth Park

0

25

50

Lively Campus

100m

121


Coranderrk St.

G3.4 Circulation G3.4.1 Circulation Constitution Ave.

Amaroo St.

Constitution Avenue is one of the three main roads that shape

12

Canberra; it is an important road that connects City Hill to the airport, through federal agencies.

12

Central Street Center Street is a spine of the campus. This street connects heritage and commonwealth park. Triangle Green Corridor

12

Triangle Green Corridor is a pedestrian-only road. This road

16

20

connects the campus to the surrounding open space and is an important way to shape the campus. 35

16

12

35

Constitution Ave.

20

Central Street

16

Triangle Green Corridor

12

Heritage Side Street

12

Other streets

4

Bridge

Constitution Ave.

12

12

4

Site Boundary 0

122

Lively Campus: Circulation

25

50

100m


G3.4.2 Pedestrian Circulation Constitution Avenue is the primary pedestrian axis of the campus. Central Street is the main perpendicular axis to Constitution Avenue. Triangle Green Corridor acts as a pedestrican path for leisure and increased connectivity of the street network within campus. Pedestrian Connectivity Guidelines Pedestrian passages through buildings or by roads at least every 40 meters.

Spine Primary connectors Triangle Green Corridor Major connectors Node Site Boundary

0

25

50

Lively Campus : Framework

100m

123


G3.4.3 Bike Circulation Protected bicycle lanes are on both sides of Constitution Avenue. Central Street and Heritage Side Road also have designated bike paths and bicycle parking areas at convenient locations.

Bicycle lanes Shared with pedestrians Bicycle parking lot Site boundary

0

124

Lively Campus : Framework

25

50

100m


G3.4.4 Vehicular Circulation The main car park is located at the south-east corner of the campus. It is on three stories to minimize its footprint on the campus. There is a small restricted use car park in the north-eastern part. Car circulation within campus is prohibited except for freighting on designated roads.

P (200 Cars)

Parking Lot Guidelines Visually screened with retail buildings or vegetation.

P

(600 Cars)

Car circulatin Freight P

Parking Site

P

Below Grade Parking Site Boundary

0

25

50

Lively Campus : Framework

100m

125


G3.4.5 Building Frontage Build to Line The first floor of buildings along Constitution Avenue, Central Spine, Green Triangle, Heritage Side Street, Coranderrk Street, and Parkes Way are built-to-line. Transparency Facades along the build-to-line have a 75% transparency from 1 to 4 meters. Flexible Development Line Inner campus local streets have a flexible building line to accomodate freighting.

LEGEND Build to Line Freight Site Boundary

0

126

Lively Campus : Framework

25

50

100m


G3.4. 6 Street Scape Guidelines ide

eS

tag eri

H

Maximum Building Height to Street Width Ratio Street Triangle Green Corriodor Central Street Heritage Road Local Street Service Road

Ratio 1:1

2:1

Ce ntr a

r

ido

ree

Setback

Triangle

Green Co

rridor

ree t

dor

ri Cor en Gre

From 8m above the ground 8m above the ground

an Tri

l St

gle

Street Length Central Street 6m Triangle Green Corridor 2m

G gle

n Tria

orr nC

Transparancy

ue

Street Requirements Central Street 75% transparent Triangle Green Corridor material Heritage Side Constitution Avenue

From 1m to 4m above the ground

itu nst Co

n ve nA

tio

Land Use Street Central Street Constitution Avenue All streets

Requirements Innovation on first floor Residential not permitted on first floor

Connectivity Pedestrian passage through buildings or by roads at least every 40 meters. In-campus Motor Vehicle Circulation Permitted only on Local Streets and Service Roads with priority given to pedestrians. Car Park Visually screened with retail buildings or vegetation. Roof Garden Access to roof gardens for residential buildings. Lively Campus : Guideline

127


Central Street The street is 20 meters in width, with four rows of trees. Setback At least 6 meters from 8 meters and above. The setback on upper levels is used to create attractive outdoor spaces from which people can engage with other people on the street. Building Height to Street Width Ratio 1:1 maximum

building setback

6000

building setback

5000

3500

3000

20000

128

Lively Campus : Street section

3500

5000

6000


Triangle Green Corridor The corridor is 16 meters in width. The street consists of medium size trees and flower beds. Setback At least two meters from 8 meters and above ground. Buildig Height to Street Width Ratio 1:1 maximum

building setback

6000

building setback

2000

3000

6000

3000

2000

2000

16000

Lively Campus : Street section

129


Constitution Avenue This street has lines of cherry blossom trees and public terraces to serve both the general public and the student population. Traffic calming measures such as traffic lights and a lower speed limit are in place to create a safer and more enjoyable environment. Protected bicycle lanes are added to further strenghted the mobility of the axis for all users.

building setback

6000

5000

2000

10000 22000

130

Livery Campus : Street section

2000


3000

3500

3500

2000

3500

3500

8000

6000

16000 46000

Lively Campus : Street section

131


G3.5 Architectural Concept G3.5.1 Architectural Diagram Mix Land Use

Mix Open Space

Mix Circulation

Around this building are mainly located innovation, such as

Constitution Ave. runs north of the building and the Triangle Green

Since this architecture is the main part of the campus, a lot of

stores. Therefore, it is necessary to make innovation and academic

Corridor runs on both sides. This means there is a lot of open space

people come and go. Not only people, but also bicycles will pass

intersect. A large atrium is created in the center of the building to

around, and this building ties them together.

through this architecture, and on the south side of the building will be located a bike hub. In addition, a bridge will connect the two

create a connection between the upper and lower floors.

buildings on central street.

e. Av n o uti t i t ns Co

132

Lively Campus : Architectual Design

e. Av n o uti t i t ns Co

e. Av n o uti t i t ns Co


G3.5.2 Plan

14

8

4

1

2

6

6

WC WC

WC WC

9

5

12

7

3

1F

8

8

8

9

10

WC WC

WC WC

14

11

14

8

12

14

14

WC WC

WC WC

13

13

3F

2F 0

5

10

14

15m

0

5

10

0

15m

5

10

15m

LEGEND

15

15

15

15

15

15 16

15

15

15

15

WC WC

WC WC

16

1

Learning Open Space

9

Accademic Single Office

2

Supporting Office

10

Professional Single Office

3

Bicycle shop

11

Excutive Suite

4

Gallery

12

Flip Mode

5

Convenience Srore

13

Lecture Room

6

Shop

14

Tutrial Space

7

Restaurant

15

Research Office

8

Meeting Room

16

Roof Top Terrace

15

15

4F

5F 0

5

10

15m

0

5

10

15m

Lively Campus : Architectual Design

133


G3.5.3 Sections

1

1

2

3

4

7 A

6

5

B’

B

A-A’ section

0

2

4

A’

6m

LEGEND

1

1

1

3

3

3

3

8

9

10

10

12

12

6

1

11

B-B’ section 134

Lively Campus : Architectual Design

0

2

4

6m

1

Research Office

9

Professional Single Office

2

Lecture Room

10

Accademic Single Office

3

Tutrial Space

11

Convenience Store

4

Flip Mode

12

Shop

5

Bicycle Shop

6

Supporting Office

7

Meeting Room

8

Excutive Suite


G3.6 Perspectives

Lively Campus : Architectual Design

135


SAMPLE [Command + Shift + click] Edit link.

136

Lively Campus : Architectual Design


Lively Campus: Circulation

137


Appendix

Appendix

138

Appendix


Instructors

Participants

University of New South Wales

University of New South Wales

Waseda University

Raffaele Pernice

Fangzi He

Group 1

Morgan Lumen

Ziwei Jia

Fuma Maeda

Xiang Yan

Nanako Kawanami

Shuman He

Risako Hiyashi

Ziyu he

Group 2

Chuyi Song

Moeko Miura

Aditya Varma Gandraju

Natsuki Saima

Yash Sojitra

Sokuncharia Srey

Lap Man Wong

Group 3

Dhruv Pillai

Louis-Marc Dalton

Jury Members

Jez Baron

Ryohei Toda

Kieran Maguire

Takahiro Kimura

Suzanna Holmes

Emily Su

Zou Lichen

Waseda University Tetsuya Yaguchi

Gevork Hartoonian

Jiang Jiang

Simone Stunz

Alexander Lim

Nugroho Utomo

Chi Zheng

Elliet Spring

Lai Wei

Shaowen Wang

Runzhou Ao

Jacob Holman

Kefeng Yuan

Vanessa Mooney

Jiawei Xu

Zhengtong Yao

Sabrina Akter

Ala'A Oa Abubaker

Fardad Ramezani Malbijar

Mingyu Ji

Jonathan Hang

Yue he

Huynh Manh Tri Pham

Hiu Kwan Yip

Appendix

139


First Published by Yaguchi Lab. at Department of Architecture

School of Creative Science and Engineering

Waseda University. Supervised by

Tetsuya Yaguchi

Printed in Japan by Yaguchi Lab.

3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku,

Tokyo 169-8555, Japan

Tel +81-3-5286-3404 ISBN

978-4-9911909-0-2

Pubshid Date

2020/01/10


Profile for tetsuya yaguchi

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