Wenonah Yearbook - 1919

Page 1

Jf'/;/. J~ I


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D D "Blame tcbere ,t ' OU must, be candid wbere _t¡ou can, And be eacb critic, tbe good natured man."





Our Alma Mat er ICE again the yea rs ha,·c rolled by an d once again our Alma ~later sends forth of her sons and daughters. Alma !\later! how much those two small ,,·ords mean to us just now. She has ah,·ays been clear to our hearts, but now, somehow, when the time approaches fo r separatio n how those tics tighten, how much closer she draws and holds us t han she ever did bcfo~c. I n retrospect we sec all the gifts, the storehouse of treasures, she has bestowed upon us; ,,.e sec that she has endowed us with lear ning, highest of high ideals, culture, determination to win, and strong hearts to mould other strong hea rts. Some of the gifts given us arC' too su btle for words, some have a meaning which we alone can feel a nd appreciate in t he innermost parts of ou r so uls. 'vVc try to explain the ter m Alma i\1ater : she is a gu idin~ star, leading us fo rc,·er on\\arcl to the better a nd brighter realms of life, a lighthouse to light us on ou r way and t o help us steer clear of the rocks of failu re and despair, a harbor to wh ich any of us may return at a ny t ime, a mother who gives only the best she has, to ma ke her ch ildren great. But Seniors! who a rc leaving the p rotecting care of your Alma J\!Iater- a rc you p:o ing to take only and never give? The Nor mal School which you arc a bout to leave is known cast, west, north and south: its aspirations, its ideals, its abilities arc known the nation o,·cr. With th is in mind, what are .vou going to do fo r _your Alma \later? Arc you going to lo" er those stancb.rds,or arc you going to keep those high standards, or are you , better still, going to lift them to a plane never before reached? Our Alma l\latcr is You! She is made up of your sacrifices, your hopes, your id~als, ~ou r \'ery soul : she is what you make her. What will that be?





Thi s Book is Dedicated to


who for seven years has done so much for the development of a more perfect womanhood at W inona State Normal School.





I had forgotten that the battle flamed For spring nt home aga in had been so fair. And you in spite of scars and tales of war llacl seemed so much ,·ourself. Life had re~umed Old quiet ways, and cl~ar creation s miled. And so I had forgotten that last spring The guns had cursed, and roared their threats to you, That agonizing pain you'd felt, and heard l\ Ien shriek and moan. You nc' er spoke of it. And then one sultry night a long tO\Yard dawn A sudden storn1 tore th ru the sullen air; The lightninQ; seemed to strike our ,·ery door. [ held my breath for· fear. - - You did not wake; But as yo u slept you shuddered and then groaned, And muttered short qu ick oaths, and uttered p rayers For dau ntlessnC'ss and strength of soul. " Oh Cod! Kccpmeaman ! The snakcsofhell! \!~· pal!! Like a stuck pig he bleeds. - Collie ! Drive t hem back!" And as the storm shot out its curse, you told J\ le as you moaned what .You had YO,~ed to keep, T he fear, the pain, the hor ror of it a ll. The fury of the storm d ied down .- You woke And !aY a moment s ilent - then you sighed And to'Uched me with your hand. ·You thought I slept. The dam1 came, a nd you smiled ~.ourself to sleep For .You \\ere home again - but ne' cr shall l nO\Y fo rget the battle storm, for you HaYe told me - but) ou shall not dream I kno11·.

- :\ 1. R.




1\ l ns.

GuY E. \ 1 \X\\11

SrEPIIt" 11. So\ISf'<, I I.. B. Rrsidenl Di rut or






Lol tsE Gu LJ('SEY






R. S aaH·R

Readin ~

ARTit\,;R FRE:O.C':II,



A. B .

F t OYD W .


Pb\·sical Education

B. s.


E' AtsN RoocF Trait~in(


'll ooRE.

A. B.



ll uH DARO.



U. P .,


I .YDfA ~1:Ll.ER



/lome Economic.;

II Ett·N F. S ·rAPL"S


Sut>rrri.f>or in Troinin& Schoof

R ural Education


Traini n,K Kindergarten




A ..M.


• IO


l Vro•~:.r ~1.

:\1FI ANI>I t<

Ttacber in TruininK Stbool

BERlfiA Sc:IIW A I\1.1::.•


CuAHI .OI n·

1\i,Jcltr~arten Su1~enisor



A. .\1.




Ph. B .

.Su})trt'i$or in Trainin ~ Schoof



l .o u •sE

C. Su rHI:.HLANo, B. S.

Kindergarten Edurotion



Teacb(!r in Training Scbool

\\'u.uA" II.

~ I UNSO,,

E•, ANon CIIANDL"-K, n. s.

B. S.


Morc.v Hall Consulting Nurse

Zoology, f>bysic·al Science

Secrctur_v, Tec,cber in Trair~ing School



RonERT R. REED. A. ill.


Teacber in Training School



• JosFPII S.

GAY i oun. A.




I I.


A1anual Tr(lini '' K


U u..l os. A.


Pbysical Education

L.. Tn1 n•s. 13. S. Rurol l:<ltt('atioH


F1 O!(C.,.CF 1•• Rl t'IIAnns, Ph. 1\

Llltrature, Dem1 of l Vomcn

I ~1ABEI S.\1 11H


Tt>acber in Train in~ School


1'Lm 11rr in TraininJl


llLIHIIA SPH. K\1 .\Z.. lll TruotHI,( S•:btJol

\lARY GttA,,


I ibrarian


ELJ SWORrn l .ow nv. A . M . Principal, Trainin,« School


ll. Coo• I!Y, B. S

Home Economics





Fa cui ty Meeting . .\ l tc .\L\XWELL: \\"e art· meeting this morning to decide upon our group picture for the annual. think it is best to open this matter for discussion. i\lr. French, have _,ou an~ suggestions to offer? .\ Itt. FttE:-.Ctt: \lr. P resident, I have an idcar that havin11; either of these group pictu res in the \\'inorwr Annual would be a trifle ioter out of the way. J\ IH. LowHY: I disagree, al l the latest publications arc st rong!~ in favor of group pictures for nnnuals. t\ l tl. ScAttllOROI-Gtt : ,\ \ r. President, I think the idcn is a ll right, but I do not t hink "e all appear to be squ:tre with the \\Orld. Therefore, I do not think we should consider it. ,\Ire LowR\': The latest trend in modern education is against this "square with the "orld" idea . :'l lrss SLtt·ER: I think the idea most com mendable and I think the majority appear to YCr~ good advant,\gc- but as for m.rsclf- well- 1 don't think I am that thin. t\ l ~t. Lowt{\': I disagree with )Ott. I think careful mt'asurcmcnts will show that you arc. ;\ Ins. CttORt>E:-."'c: I think this discussion Vt'ry flims.'· and unnecessary. t\ l ns. J otti'.s-ro" \\'hv! I don't th ink so. \\'c mu st discovt'r all the flaws; for instance, I don't like my mouth in this pictur{:. It looks open. 1\lrss G~.,ER, sE \: :\ I a~ be if you'd kt·cp it shu t a few minute~ it \\Oltldn't look th;~t wn,,·. ,\ l n. LO\\'HY: That's impossible . .\ In. t\l AX\\ ELL: Order! Order! please!! \ \ iss Shambaugh, .'Ott look as though .' ·ou were arl\ious to ex press your opmton. 1\lrss SttA\IIlAI;Gtt: \lr. Presid ent, I think most everyone's e.\·cs look dim. They arc usually so bright and s napp~ . .'.1t\. LowHY: I challt•nge you to vcrif., that statement. ;'\ 1n. MoOHr.: .\1 r. President, I think I can explain t his to \liss Shambaugh. It's because t hreefourths of you people let t hat photographer burn foozlc you into tnking off your glasses. l\l!c GAYLOtm: \ Veil, I rca!l) don't thin k either of these pictures do me justice. 1 th in k I. should '•ave been wiser to put myself in the fourth dimension nnd be nowhere. ,\ln. \looHt·:: It might have been wiser for us all to fo llow that scheme. J\11\. Lowr<Y: That's not in any of the new movements . .\ l K. t\ L"x WELL: Time is flying. l\lr ss Rr CttAnos : Mr. i\ laxwcll, I think in order to do justice to oursclv{'S and also to the Seniors who arc to remember us by this picture we s hould get a photograp her frcm ChicagG-ont' "ho cotrld understand the psycho l og~· of this group. t\ IR. 1\IAxWELL: That couldn't be dune. 1\ln. LowttY : l think it cou ld be. I' m willing to try it myself. ,\ln . .\ l u,so': 1\ l r. President, I don't want to argue with you, but I have found in Ill .\ man' l''< pt•ricnces that individual p hotographs are fa•· superior to groups. 1\lt\ . t\ lAXWELL: \\'e must choose quickly; l\ 1iss Trites, have you a nything to add? .\lrss TRITES: \lr. President, 1 don't think "e should take either of these pictures, as they lack the very back bone of our faculty, namely, our f-ORD. ,\ l n. LownY: I disagree. This faculty Jacks back bone altogether. .\lrss CoLu-..:s: l\lr. P resident, I too, have an objection to this group picture. It would be a \'en· bad advertisement for the school. One look at the proportion of "fats ;tnd leans" will readily expose th i~~ faculty's disgracefully scant knowledge of horne economics. i\l n. Lowl\\·: I d on't sec why this facult) has to know anything about home economics. \\'e either board or have wives. ,\I H. D ILLO" _\lorcover, _\lr. President, we must not put either of those pictures in the annual; both show such a complete lack of physical education. \\ hy, .\ l r . .\ltt>i\\ cll! If this round shouldered ex hibit is published in our annual I shall be forced to resign my position as physical director of this school. .\ l tSS CooLEY: Yes! Yes! :-. I r. President, look at the wearing apparel or this faculty . The Seniors should have notified us in due time, so that we might have put on our evcni n ~ ~owns a nd "swallow tails." i\ IH. SA-.:or: _\lr. President, t he matter of dress is a trivial thing an,,·way, I am strongly in favor of this p icture, as I think it most flattering to my st.de of hair dressin~. M rss GRA:"T: Y cs, indeed :'II r. i\ lmnvell, these objections to me seem ver.' shallow, l should cherish either of these pictures as a library of intelligent facc s. i\lH. REED : I prefer this one. Don't you think t he part in rn~· hair looks straightest in this one? J\11\. MAXWE LL: 1 should like to consider .' ·our objections but we must settle on one of t hese pictures. I reall v don't think this group cou ld be much improved on anyway . Also we must remember we arc employed b.\' the state and any further discussion of this matter would be a dt•cided waste of their funds. That is all for this mornin~. Ll.'CILE sc.~-..:LA-..:


"Bardie" Al"OKA

As brimful of miscbiej and wit and !{lee, As erer a human person could be.


For sbe is a jolly ~ood ~irl.


"Flo" \\"HEATO:\"

\l"e grant tbat tbo11gh sbe bas mt1cb wit, Sbe's rer_t' sb.\· of using it.


) ·ou're mucb obli~ed, come again.


·~IE ~lt:L:\"IX


othing i11 life is so sweet as lore's _t·owlg dream.



A harmless, flam in{( meteor, ber ba ir, ber p,o.

I REi\"E


"Ike_\·" WABASHA

Tbe Light that belped tiS in 15




Clerer and full of fun.


Our buddin~ autboress.


".\til'' OSAGE, IOWA

An affable and courteous girl.




Full u·ell do I lore to gi[!gle.


.\ lild, modest, .\ label.


A combination of dignity and beauty.


Sbe labors under "1\'ar Conditions." 16


Our priu swimmer.

i\ f tLDI~ED l\lAKKEH\..,0

" ,\fil" ~II


She stepped rif.{bt from Vo!!ue in st_des from !!a.\ Paree.



1fer bear/ is true steel.


) 'our pleas ill!! countenance is a sile111 recommel!dation .


"Tommy" ST. CHOIX FALLS, \\'IS.

Nel'er idle a mome111, be it work or play


Is tbere an.\路tbin!! 1 can do for .l路ou?


"Samm!路" L\KE C ITY

A fine maid, in more wa.\路s tba11 one. 17



And I pral' _l·ou let none of l 'Our people stir me; I bare an exposition of sleep upon me.


1/er dancin!{ teas erer as light as a fairy's.


Our littlt Quaker.


"H on" ELY

Read.r for ber .\1. R. S. degree.


"Skig" ST. PAliL

The band that made thee fair, bath made thee learned.


"Flo" ST. PAUL

Full of rigor, dash and go, sbe's di.D'erent from the rest .l'OU knou·.


eatness personified.



But to see her 1cas to lore her.



Tbat same face of yours looks lihe the a tcbole rolume of roguery.



Our lrisb .\lar_L


"Flo" ST. PAUL

,\fistress of herself, tbougb China falls.




Sbe alu·a.\·s malus a basket.



\\' INO:--JA

A good tcord and a smile for erery one.

H ELE:--1 K RATZ \\"I :-JON A

Dimples need no leiter of introduction.


1\IAHC IA ll u KLBuHT \\' lt-;O:SA

pleasant~\- ~reels

H 'ben sbe meets .t·ou sbe



An ideal mother.


"Dod{(ie" KE:'\YO!'

Tbe onlt· time .\larjorie is bluj]'in{( zs when she's on tbe 1\'inona BluJJ:~.




tcord and kind in deed.


1 came, 1 sene, 1 conquered.





Tbere is unspealwb/e pleasure al/ending tbe life of a rohmtar.t· student.




It's mce to be natural, u·ben .t·ott're ntce. 20


\I.... RIE

KAuPHL:S\IA:-; WI:-;o:-;A

Brilliance tcill l!el its praise, tboul.(b the owner heep silent .

A:-;":\A GJEDRE:-; HOt,;STO:-.

.\Tt· too!s are m.t· chief assets.


"\ \ 'illie" GHA '>:D .\IEADO\\'


is m.t · constant companion.


One Ichose nature nerer mries.




to tbe point .


" .\ futz" ST. P •\UL

Is it your smile or is it .t·our e.t·es?


.\1 \AS


1\ "hal mahes t·ou so demure? 2I



true lo her u:ord, her uwk, ber .friend.~.


"Rissie" \\"l:'\01'\:\

Come m.t· best .friends, m.t· boohs, and lead me on.




She tcei!{hs each word and each tcord counts.




girl who sees the joy in life.

A:-;~A AsK E


11 matters not bow lon!{ u·e lire, but bou·.


"Bun" \\'Il'\0:-JA

Tbe bidden soul of harmony.




Tall in body and tall in mind. 22




Tbr rt.ood in Alice makes up for tbe bad rest of us.



CoE ''Coe.t·''



1fer tcords, like so man.t· nimble and a in· serritors trip abotlt ber at command.


",\f.n·l'' WHEATO:X

Good .fellowship is tbe sbip for me.

LAURA i\ l ADDE:\1 LE\\' ISTO:\'

Stceet and modest in ber manner.

B LA:-.:CHE \\' ARD \\'1:\'0:\"A

Seeh me as I am, if seek .t·ou do at all .


"}{" ST. PAUL

.\ lore tbougbt.ful

of others than herself.


"Doc" \\" l t\'0:-JA

His barh is uwse tban bis bite.




She'll make eren a betler bousetr }: them a teacher.

A:-~NE T ! . ' FSAND BEL\'IE\\'

) 'ow· ]Jla_ \'S in bashet ball bal'e u·on the den.

ADELI:>:E TH0\1.\S

"Ad" BI\\'A Bl K

Our lo,t·al friend .from tbe rant!e.


"Vi" WIN Of' A

I l'e u·isb .\ ·ou bad sta.\'ed longer.


PH ALA ....

W I NO:-: A

She's equipped tcitb patience.


A modest I'iolet, Florence ma.t· seem, But it tahes a bead to nm tbe C. L. C.


"Cbarley" DELHI

Our pepp_\. booster.


Perpetually good-natured.


Alu·m·s tbe same.



\\T-10 ' A

She teas the master of reason and mirth.


"Clug" \\' I NONA

"Ob! girls, I 'm just petrified"- but.


"Auntie" Lll':CQL, , NEB .

Linhed sweetness /on!{ drawn out.


"Mil" W I ' ONA

A good scout- in work and play.

\\' I NO!\' A

Sbe san!{ tcben the world u·as weary, And tbe tired old world was glad.


:\ l -\RGARET HA:-:KE"SO"-

".\ [ar!!" GLENCOE

A dau(!bter of tbe Gods, Dirine(t· tall and most diz·inely fair.


G. ;:-.1VELLEH


But tbe charm tbat most did captirate, zras the charm of her spar/din[! eyes.



I:.~{ficiency is the he.t ·-tcord of "T."


"Peanuts" \\'11\:0NA

.\ fusic zs a true tmirersa/ speech of mankind.


Teaching zs




A combination of man.t· accomplisbments.


"Flossie" CA:-1:-:0:-l FALLS

1fer constant smile makes life uwtb u·hile.



\\'bat fairy band touched you?



I bare a heart u·itb room for eren· jo_t·.


Orda can do anything sbe tries to.


True worth is in being .


be's a


girl in et•ery u·a.r.


) 'our personalit.v bas made us all your friends.


"Cladie" ST. PAUL

If .t·our bear/ is cracked, Cladie, let it go "Bobbing" at Rochester. 27


"Tedd.t·" ROSE CREEK

Alice, tbou art in all our hearts.


A true friend is foret'er a friend.




A lillie nonsense now and then the rcisest men .


.\ l ARIA:-1 BAUSMA~

"Skinna" ~ll:-1:--:EA


To cr younQ" bear/ et'erytbinQ" is fun.


f' m an enthusiast.


fl er poise is pou·er .

.\ IARY ALL.o\:-..

" .\lan·allan" REQWOOD FALLS

Happy as a lark, bus.t· as a bee.

relished bJ


",\ [er13·" ALBERT LEA



bear/ is wortb [{old.


J-ler hair, ber manner, all wbo see admire.



Genius is main(1· an affair of enerrz1·.

D ELILAH L EIGH r o-.: A lJSTI:--1

A liuht bear/ nerer [{rows old.

R0\1.\:'\A TIIOF~l

".\lona" WYKOFF

\\"bo doesn't knou• our talented .\lo11U .


Dull is rery street, but pleasure's stceeter,

And pleasure wins tbe da.\".


Looh, sbe is u·indinl! up tbe u·atcb of her wit; bt· and bt it trill strike. 29


Her modesty is a candle to her merit.

\N ALKER ".\-tar_v Jane"

;\ l AHY


Those who know her can best appreciate her tl'it.


"Char" ;\I!:-/ NEAPOLIS

I cannot rest from travels, I will drink life to the lees.




A lu:a,t·s the same, quiet and kind.


Her ~ood temper is like a SU111lY day, It sbeds its brightness on et'erything.


Ambition has:no rest.


"Stelle" WE!': DELL

erer too bus,t · herself to help others.


Still the u路onder ~reu路; That one small bead could carr_t路 all she knetr.


Tbt路 scholarship and teacbing abilit,t' go band in band.


Our peppy band-master, pro tem.


I \'ben I go after a tbing I get it.

GE:'\'E\'IE\' E Ct..RRIE

"Gen" HI:'\'CKLEY

Sbe tbinks of otbers' comforts, not ber own.


A prelly face, tbat bas charmed many a lad.


Her looks are indicatire of ber nature.


Fi11e manners make this lady.




Rastus bas

ere~vone' s

heart in tow.

i\ lcKEow



Su·eet, sincere, and sensible.




The sort of girl that we're all glad to know.


"Frenchy" BIWABIK

Lau!(h and tbe world laughs witb .\'OU.


Cheerful company shortens tbe miles.

I IA:-JSEN "Bert"



Friends lihe you, "Bert", are 1cbat u·e need.



\ \"e're sorn· t·ou didn't come sooner so tee could know .t·ou better.


Luella tbinks .first and speaks afteru·arcl.


I am always early.


"Lip" ZU:\!BRO FA L LS

For particulars, see .\Irs. Lipscomb.

T ARRAS ",\loose"


\\' 11"0 ' A

I'm tr.t·in g to make a man of myself.


Class Officers l{ELE:-. S~tOCK,




i\ J IJL:S IX,

DOHOTHY ,\lcKEO\\ ' .


Vice- President


Class Song Oh, hail! \\'inona , proudly we sing, Up to the boundless blue our praises ring. Our Alma ,\later, noble and strong, For thee \\' inona, we raise our song. ,\ laiesty crowns thee, thy spirit fln mes, Pride, honor, glory, love, further th~ fame, E\'er we'll loyal be, following thy light, Luring us onward thru darkest night. Oh, our Winona! guide thou ou r youth, Lead us unerring on, to light and truth, Ah'a~¡s we'll follow thee, living thy praise, Hail! Oh, \\' inona, thru endless days.


D. CoÂŁ.

Class Song I 9 r 9 BEH:-:IECE K:-:OPP




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Senior Class History Winona State ormal School, \\'inona, l\ l inncsota, \lay - , 1919. To a Senior of 1918. - , l\ Iinnesota. Dear "Big Sister": Commencement week is looming in c;ight and the cfas-. of 1919 is remindecl of their "big sisters," the class of 1918. This fetter is to recall to your mind your little sisters, the class of 1919. Do you remember that September day about t" o years ago'' hen a group of be" ilckred, frivolous J uniors, wandered from entrance to entrance (it seems all entrance and hall to us) finally reached the assembly room? TI ere we followed ~our kind suggestions and walked before a dignified member of the facult~, fumbling in our 'anity cases for two dollars to be paid for those "not to be folded" pink slips. After struggling th rough a few \\Ceks of Pedagogy, Ps.\ chology and ;\1ethods we finalh picked up courage to call a mectinf?; and elected our officers. Short!.' · after we learned that the faculty also realized that "all wor k and no pla.v makes Jack a dull bo~· ;" and how our faces beamed 11 hen it was announced that the faculty invited us to a recepti(Jn at \ 1ore.l Hall. !Jo,, pityinj!ly you Seniors 11atchcd ou r happ1· p reparations for the vart~; you kne11 that that night we ''ere unknowingly to tnke our first plunge into the fathomless water<; of dignity. We 11cre all highly pleased when .Y OU thoughtfu l S~:niors buried the alTair at vour class clay exercises; but alas, it came to life al!ain in the fa ll ! "ot a!l the parties, howe\('r, 11erc planned b.' the faculty. \Vhat wonderful times 11e had at the Get-Acquainted party, 11 here 11c met our big si<;tcrs, at the c:..cursion to Castle Hock, nt the Countr~· Life Clu!J party and :1.t the Tlallowc'en party! Do you remember these clelij:rhtful times and the original, clever Sprin11: Fc"tival, with which we honored ·' ou Seniors? Sh! Don't tell a soul, but 11e arc "onclcrin~ ho" the Juniors arc going to honor their betters this.\ car. i\ la.v brought Class Dav, Commencement and parting. ll0\1 11e sighed and sobbed at ha1·ing to part from friends, facult1 and - work. There were some exceptions to this sadness, however. On account of the usual generosity of the facu lty in best<>~I ing "E's" then; "ere some of us 11 ho 11crc privileged to enjoy the summer session. \\ hnt a complete change the first year had wrought in us, as re\ealed in the fall of 1918. You would hardly have r~:cognizecl the former fri1·olous J uniors in the now dignified, plainl) d rcssed Seniors. We S\\ cllcd "ith pride at being called Seniors and smiled "ith pit~ on the nc'' group of Juniors. All w·ent well until we entered upon the '' ild dilemna of student tc:1.ching and found no "big sisters" to !!iH· us the needed information. Critic classes arc now held every afternoon to make our days more interesting. They are 1·er.1 successful, for ever.\ one enjovs them as sho"n b~· the full attendance at e\Cf.\ meeting. The officers we elected, who arc girls .\ ou no doubt remember, arc I lelen Smock, president, l\ [ar.v Allan, vice-president, Dorothv ~ l cKeo" n, t reasurer, Jennie i\lulni,, secrct:tr_1·. The only class meeting of interest in the !"all was for selecting class rings, "hich, of course, arc the 'prettiest of an~ class .vet graduated from the ormal School. The "Flu" put a damper on all our plans fo r good times so fall and" inter passed in solemn it.\ and quiet. Spring, ho"e,·cr, brought an o1·ersuppl.' of excitement. What tearing of hair and gnashing of teeth the Sen!ors must go through; the conglomeration of try-outs for the play, nominations, applications correctly "rittcn, photos which the photographers don't seem to realize must be exceeding!.\ good, writings for the annual (including class historit•s!) and imitations, ta). a person's "orking po\\er and purse.

'Jiw facult, as usual were s fo,, in handing in their photos for the annual, but listen mnnv had ne'' ones taken! So our annual is the first one for marw vcars to I)(' -trirtl~ up to date. · ·

thcn·'s :1 rcnson

Tlw booming succt'S'> of our class pia~ has no doubt reached your ea rs. The "Blue Bird" gaH' all ''ho attended a night of pleasure and happiness and brought success to the St·niors. \\c O\\C a vote of thanks, tho, to the Juniors for their applause and also for their coopl•ration in the class da~ exercises. 1\o\\ Commencement week is at hand and the future holds great things in store for us in some mctropoli~. such as Jlomcr, Rollingsto ne and the like. Before ll'e leave we ar<.' goin~ to b<qucath to the Juniors our quiet dignity of bearing and ability to sta nd well in tlw cstimntion of the faculty without O\'Crworking our brains. We arc also trying to get fnrml·r classes to cooperate with us in finding '\O me means of obliterating such thin gs as "1:\" and characterization blanks from ormal Schools. Arc you agreed? But there is the s: 10 hell a nd time for C\'Cryone to be out of the building. Good-1)\·c.

Your "LITILE SrsTER ", Senior of 1919. P. S.

I hear \ lr. Streif coming for the "slo" pokes."- E. \'.

0:-.cE UPo:-. A Tl\t E

Junior Class History I·TLH the graduation \\eeks of June, 1918, man.\ of the high ~chool students of ;\finncsot:• and some of the other states felt as if thev would starve because of the lack of l·ducational food. In fact, several \\ere distress~(:, and e\'en predicted an educational f:,minc finally, the famine set in, and the people looked about for relief. They all km·'' t hat the food they were seeking was to be found at one of the state ormal schools, hut thl'\ did not know '' hich would oiTer them the most nourishing food. After ven careful consideration, these people decided that the Winona Normal School could and would ~hare the best food o f the state with them. Keeping their decision in mind, these fami•il1ccl hordes came from the North, South, East and \Vest, in trains full to Winona. The actual relief of the famine did not begin until the third of September. On this da\, the hungrv strangers gathered in the assembl~· hall of the main building, where their rations ''ere prescribed to them on pink slips. A considerable number of the starving ~trangl'rS appeared less f rctful \\hen the\· SaW in their prescription four of the following list of sub~tantial foods: Arithmetic, Ora\\ ing, English Composition, Geography, i\ lusic, Pl·nmanship, Psychology, Reading and Thcor.\· of Education. B~· mcnns o f these generous rations, the famished ones rapidly waxed in strength; but to secu re greater relief and strl'ngth. the\ chose to partake of the dainties: Industrial Arts, Sewing, !\ lanual Trainin~r and others alonp: with their more substantial fare. After eating together for seventeen day::>, these strangers became friends, and wanted to be represented HS a single group; so tht') organized themselves into a bod,· called the Junio r Class '' ith l\liss Carbcrt for president, ~liss r...o,,aleska for ,·ice-president, l\ l iss Warnecke for secretary, and i\liss Keirn for trea~urer. The facult.\, '' ho ''ere in sole chn r!!eof the Juniors' diet, believed that the Juniors needed plent\ of fresh air to keep up their appetites. They pro\'ided picnics and excursions for this purpose, usually with l\I r. J lolzinger or l\ I r. Scarborough in charge. In case of an l'\Cursion, \lr. Scarborough was e,·cr mindful of helping the Juniors keep the cardinal directions in mind by the usc of cit,\· maps, if need be. Did the Juniors enjoy these outings? Just heaps, for first of all, they had fun; then too, they missed an assignment in preparing their O\\n meal after such e:-.cursion; anJ last and best o f all, they munched on something



Thc~e t\\O kinds of food made the Ju niors become more spirited, and they displayed their ne,dy created spirit in all their acti\'ities; and especially in connection with their war n•lief ''ork, '' hieh consisted of making su rgical dressings, pledges to the Red Cross and contributions tO\\ a rei the Liberty Loan Compaign. The Juniors seemed to show more of their originality in raising the money for the Liberty Bonds than in any other of the "'ar \\Ork. Some of the young ladies put aside pride and washed '' indo\\s; others, worked at the Ten Cent Store; still others, transformed the a lcove of More.\' Hall for a quarte r of an hour into a del icatessen shop, and sold c hocolate pies; and still others, camouflaged, the assembly hall of the school into a doughnut factory, and sold powdered dou!!hnuts C\ en to the men, who in this case did not seem to abhor the sight of superiTuous powder. Just before T hanksgiving IQ18, there was an c,·illittle bird named Enza to whom someone opened the door and in-flu-Enza to make mischief for the J uniors. Jn cases where suiTicient precautions were not taken, he was sure to spoil their food b~· pecking at it in such a manner that ,,hat he d id not devour was not fit t o eat. The J uniors at once wcakl'ncd, and sou~~:ht the aid of physicians, and nurses in the facult\, who in each case put them on a special diet. The~· ''ere gi,·cn conference sou p, make up egg-nog, topical custa rd, and other light foods of the kind to meet the different stages of weakness, and under this nursing they came back to ,·igor again. After Enza's reign of terror, the Juni ors once more gained strength by means of their actiYities. Surely, the skating rink at i\lorey lfa ll ga' c the J uniors ample exercise and occasion to display their skill as skaters. Then, too, the Jun iors showed their increased abilit~ to mi' with the best of society by attending the Valentine party, which the Seniors gaYc them. The_,. unfolded the utmost of their abil:ty in connection with the basketball games the\ pia~ eel; for the J uniors showed that they could play well, root loud!.' and take defeat with the calm of stead\ and well nourished nervous s~·stems.


from the combination or the substantial food, dainties, appetite growing athletics, the Juniors ?;re" strong and cle\'eloped their minds and muscles to such a degree that as this Annual p:oes to the press, the.\ are ready to burst out into Seniors. ELLE.:-.. \lniALE.K.

M embers of the Junior Class Anderson, .Julia Ascott, Ethd. Aygarn, \ l iklrt:d. Birkholz, Amanda. Bocklcr, Edna. Brandt, Ekanor. Bro" n, Glad\~­ Brown. t-. lattic. Brown, t-. l ac. B ruette, Lmrra. Calkins, Rnlph. Carlson, Ruth. Carroll, Gem·vicvc. Carroll, Jeanette. Carson, Frances. Cassidy, Kathn n. Cates, ' I .ouist•. Chack, Lith. Chance, Ida. Chandler, I Jelen. Child, r-. l ary. Christenson, Florenct•. Crooker, r-.1arion. Cummins, Glach s. Dani(·l~on, Odca. Doone~, Eth\ I. Doran, Katht•rine. Drenckhahn, Emih . Ekren, Edna. · El~rcd, Evt•lyn. Ellison, 1om·. Fnirbanks. \label. Filkins. Jurw. Filkins, Ruth. Foote, ,\ largart•t. Freeman, Esther. Garrigan. Gt·rtrudc. Gensmer, Elsit·. Gc, man, llarriet. Gilbertson, Jennie. Gilmer, Viola. Govier, 1\ l urle.

Grabow, Josephine. Guu:tz, Ida. Gudzcr, Adele. Guenther. i\largaretha. l lalt•,\, :'\ lan. ll ampcl, El<ie. ll nrtman, Edith. l leffron, ll clcn. ll ell ickson, Blanche. ll cnry, Dorothy. l lcrrick, :\l arie. ll illiard, Catherine. I loge, Hhoda. Kcclry Laura. Kclm, Amy. Kidd, Ethel. Kimball, Lillis. Knutson, Ruby. Koontz, De F. Dallis. Kowakska, Josepha. Kroning, I lcnrietta. Kroning, Nora. Laurcnburger, Ellen. Livingston, Hekn. \ Ia thews, Josephine. \ l axwell, Robert. \ lcCune, Nadine. \lcKennev, ell. \lcKeown, Flora. i\l eKinstry, Goldie. \ lchakk, Ellen. \ Iiiier, Alice. ;\ Iiiier, IVIuricl. .1\ londale, rrene. \loorc, Znda. \lunson, Zelda. Nelson, Elsie. 1\:elson, Lily. Nelson. :\label. ichola~. Rubie. No<·hl, :\!arion. O'Hoark. Alice. Paull, Dorothy.


IIden. Preston, Bessie. Preston, \1 audt·. Rathbone, I laze!. Remold, \linnit·. Rice, Elizabeth. Risser, Roscma. Roeder. \ I ild~t·d. Rohweder, ;\ 1illard. Rose, Fern. Ross, E~ther. Sclater, Alice. Silseth, \1iriam. Simmons, LuC"ia. Sinnet, C!an•. Sn) der, \ largarite. Speltz, lldt•n. Sperry, Florence. Spittler. August. Stahowik, IIden. Stall, Ruth. Steffes, i\largaret. Steinbauer, Rosella. Steinhart, Lura. Sterling, \ l abel. Stockbrand, Elva. Tibbett~. Ethel. Tifft, Kathryn. Turngrcn, Clara. Van Du1c~. Jeannette. Vine, Esther. Wagenhals, Margaret. Walch on, I Incl. \ \ arneeke, Frieda. \ Varnceke, lledwig. Wendt, Gertrude. \Verner, I lugo. West, I lclcn. Wetzel, Nanomi. Wilrord, Florence. Woh!rarth, Ida. Woodcock, Dorothy.


JOSEPHINE HUSLEGARD Stewartville, Minnesota

Our Own :\lovies


Men's Club N ORDER to provide a suitable home for young men students attending the 'ormal School,n large club house has been secured and will be ready for occupancy in September. The house is well located just across the street from the main building, fa ces sout h, and is sheltered by seve ral large elm trees. The st ru cture, being massive and spncious, is wei! adapted for a men's lodge. The house is well arranged inside, is modern, has ver.v comfortable sleeping and living rooms, a nd is provided with a broad colonial veranda. It "ill be run on a cooperative plan, with n member of the facult.\' living in the house. The club will not only afford n home for t wcnt.\'-fl,¡c youn11: men and be the center of activities of all the men of the school, but "ill als<J promote comradeship and furthl¡r practical ideals of eYery cia.\ [j, ing.





WEsT L oocE

Our New Dormitory '\OTIIER dream has come true! Another dormitory for women is an assured fact! After 1919 no more will students go elsew here because of lack of dormito ry accommodation . The first of July excavation will begi n on ;\l orey Ila ll g rounds, and soon on the east s ide of the Ia'' n, running at right angles to l\lorcy I !all a nd connected \\ ith it by a porch, will rise the new dormitory si milar to the old in architect ure, but with all the interior improve me nts that experience can suggest. As the dining room and kitch en at i\lorey H a ll will be adequa te for a ll students desiring board, the ne" dining room will be used for dancing, theatricals, and parties of various kinds, and the kitchen for cand.,¡-pulls, and for all those culinary experiments dear to the heart of college women in their lesiure hours. A "beaut~ room" and sewing room will also be a feature. \lore rooms for entertain ing small gro up.> ''ill be set apart, '' ith a guest room for \lother ''hen she comes. An in viting infirmary on the first floo r may put a premium on illness! On rainy days we "ill sa unter thru an attracti,¡e under-ground passage into the \Iorey lla ll dining room. Can't you already hea r t he ukuleles twanging on the porch of the new hall, an d the answering songs from old l\l orey and the Lodge'?



Editorial UPPER says, "To be accurate, "rite; to remember, "rite; to kno" thine own mind, 'Hite." \Ve the contributors, worker~ and ach isors tried to do all of these things when ''e prepared the material for this Annual. In all the collections here represented we ha,·e tried to be accurate. It has been our aim to ha,·e correct data and thus gi,·e to you dear readers, a true picture of the Winona ormal School life. lf the facts of a history are incorrect, the history is worthless. Likewise, the happenings of a school year here recorded must be pictured true to life to make this Annual the priceless thing it is intended to be. Furthermore, as we read, wrote and edited sections for this and that department of this Annual we aimed to gi,·e you not onl.\· an accurate, but a complete account of all that took place during the ~·ea r. \ !any sections of this printed memory ma.\ ~eem entirelY new because the, are dressed in their best clothes, while others may be familiar to vou because you helped dress them. Then, too, some portions may be entirely unheard of to that student" ho has not [i,·ed as complete a life as he or she should have done in this man.\ sided and progressi,·e institution; but to the wide awake and up and doing member of the school this "ill be a reference book in all its parts. 1n the years \1 hich are to come you will be glad we have gi,en you this complete enc.vclopedia of this ~car's happenings. Lastly, "e haYe written this book not to know our indi,·idual minds, alone, but to turn the mind of the "hole school inside out. In our search for completeness we found mam things which \\ere new to us, but which have always been here. J\ lan.\ of the motivating and uplifting forces among us of "hich \\e had been but dimly conscious, came into clear light in our e-.;ploration. As ~ ou read page after page look for some of the seemingh 'ague undercurrents of the life we ha\'e been li,·ing together for t\\O years. It has been our effort to share "ith you all the benefits of our inquir.\. It is our wish that you ma\· sav "e ha'e enriched \OU in our accurate, complctt' and c-.;plicit account of your. stay here. • But if for some unforseen reason :\ ou lind the pictur(' \Ianting in some light or shade of meaning, take to heart this statement of Samuel J ohnson's, "There is probably no punishment for authors in the ne:.t \\Oriel the~· suffer so much from critics and publishers in this."



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"Wenonah" Staff Editor-in-chief. ..

........... .... .. GAIL PowELL

II ELE:>- fiCIITEI'Au R uTH T u R=-<QUIST :\lARTHA SEELii'G \,~istant Editor,; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . ......... ... . ;\[JLOREO J\l.>\ !\:ERGO AL\"IRA R ISSER IIELEi'. KRATZ Junior Editor ...... . ............. . . . ................... .... .. .. ELL!:.. \IEHALEK Business \l:lllagcr .............................................. RoB ERT \lAX\\"ELL

A,s,stant . Bus1ncss . \[anagcrs.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. · · · · · · · · . GR \T \ KELLY GLADYS JoH:-<so;-.; Art Editor. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

LEO:>.A BASYE :\lJLORFO I lARDER Assi~tant Art Editors . .. . .... .. . ................................. AcKES STEELE DoR TIIA FERRIS Picture Editor.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ ........ ......... II ELE"\' LAGRE:\"CE Girls' Athletic Editor ...... . ............... ... ............ \L-\RGARFr I IA,KE:--:SO">

Joke Editors . . ................................... . Faculty Ach isors

................. . ............... .



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Cinderella of the Wonderful A, or tbe Tail of a Term INDERELLA, perched at her Desk in the midst of confusion, wa~ typical of her type. I ler sisters ''ere either different or alike. Bu t, nevertheless, to do them justice, they labored most strenuous!:. The lint fle,, like chaff as they S\\ cpt page after page with their Eyes. Indeed, the~· spent so man.\ hours emptying the Receptacles of Knowledge that their socia l sch-cs ''ere unused and dusty. They did not know the proper times at which t o say, "Oh Chums!", "I've heard," or " l et's not and sa' we did," and, more scandalously, they were so u nrcsponsi' e that the_,. could not be "sin1ply petrified!" The fact remains, however, that they ga rnered a good s hare of A's. Now, the inhabitants of this Normal Place where Cinclerclla stru ggled, were, in general, so very poor that on ly Fa\'Orecl Few had a rare collection of A's. or course, the famil, of A little less Fa\'ored had a prett: fa ir collection of B's, but the l a boring l\lajority managed to carr~· on with plain C's. Our poor heroine belonged to the latter group. One bright day, when Cinderella had been e..:erting herself beyond Usual lim its in her p lace of business, a fellow worker b~ the name of Bolshc,·ik Tendency told her that she was of royal brain and need not stay in Usual limits. Cinderella pondered deeply. She knew Favored Few was giving, that even in~. a reception in honor of the Royal Prince, Superintendent Seeking-for-Teachers. Above all thin gs, Cinderella desired to go, but of cour!:ie it was requ ired that one seeking admittance must have a n A. Suddenly, she thought of Faculty, her fairy godmother. Surely, Faculty would a iel her if she should ask. All turned out as she had wished. It is true, she had to wea r her old ,\ {entalit v but faculty had brightened and refreshed it with her own best Encouragement. Therefore, Cinderella finally rode gail: off to the reception in Faculty's Esteem, which r uns neither as an Electric nor as a Ford. Ah, a secret! That I should ha,·e almost forgotten! Urged on and aided b~- facult\, Cinderella had applied herself so di ligen tly that she had at last secured an A! She \\as so proud and happy that she wore it to the reception. It really did ~leam brightly from the midst of her sad group of \\Orn and frayed C's. But a las ! The foolis h gi rl enjo_vcd so very much the appraising smi les of the Prince that her A was completely forgotten for th e time. And no wonder, for it fitted her Ability so snugly that she had no misgivings, whatever. Nevertheless, during the General Scramble it was lost! Poor Cinderella became so disheartened that she immccliateh- returned to Usual Limits. · Soon after her departu re, the Pri nce in resting his Eyes upon a Pink Sl ip, chanced to discover the glittering A. l ie at once proclaimed that he wished the owner of so line an A t o be in his Employ. His declaration was this, "The A must be tried upon everyone' s Ability, fa,·orecl Few first, then the mem bers of the family of A little Less Favored, a nd finally, even the inhabit a nts of Usual Lim its. The one whose Ability s ha ll fit this A sn uglv and '' ithout a \\ rinkle s hall be in my Employ!"


f.l\ orcd Fe11 raised loud protest at the foolishness of trying the A on the Abilities of the peoplt• of Usual Limits, but the Prince was fi rm . The proct•ss of fitting ''as begun. The Abilities of Favored Few could not begin to fill so round and full an A. The1· rattled in it! The same 11as found to be true of the Abilities of the famih of A Little Leis Favored. The Prince, ho11·ever, was not discouraged. He 11ent fra nkh to the Fain· Facult1 for Ad,·ice. Advice told him the way to Cinderella's Place of Bu ~iness. · · · Wlwn slw sa11 the Prince ride up to the door, Cinderella flushed with anticipation mixed 11ith a little uncertaint.v. Dauntlessly and with undampened ardor, the Prince as ked lwr to try the A. It fitted her Ability snugly and without a 11 rinkle! Hccklcssly, the P rince carried Cind<>rella of the Wonde rful A away to his School, and tlwv 11 orkt•d ceaseless! 1 e~cr after.

To a Passing Acquaintance The highest ministries of life remain A myster.v. Strong spirits, unaware, Shed healing, like a fragrance, e1 e rvwherc, As pines yield sweetness under sun and rain. And whom they lift, unknowing, out of pain, As little guess whence came the help they bear As ho1\ red lilies draw from earth their flare And glow of scarlet la ughter, free of stain. 'Tis sweet as that far white throat's note to think What hidden springs of living thus arc freed T o unguesscd ministries of faith and love. As y·ou, alike unconscious of my need And of your gift, have gi,·en me to drink Of waters drawn from wells I know not of.

C. B. C.

Sonnet to a Baked Pot a to

Fair spud that from the fairest of all ov'ns Thy gentlest of all gentle smells dost take! llow many thoughts of aunts of thine and cous'ns At soggy sight of thee at once awake ! llow many scenes of 11 hat departed bliss! 1low many thoughts of what entombed hopes! How many visions of us a ll who miss From many meals thy hardened browned slopes ! No more! H ooray ! That magical sweet sound Transforming all! Thy charms sha ll fret no more! Thy sight, accursed fruit, no more abound! 1Iencc forth I scorn thv brown encrusted core ! And ever and a non wl1en thee I spyFrom thee with zipping swiftness will I hie!

D. L. F.

Peace D ay All yestcrda.\路's cold \\eight of shuddering fear, Its dread of news, dropped from us for a space, While streaming high abo\路e the earth's dear face Our proud llag floated. Calling far and near I t bade, "Rejoice!" We thought of those most dear Whose agonizing waiting soon should cease; And then we thought of those whose swift release l lad come thru Death- life's last eternal seer. We felt we must rejoice! And yet for some The crazy merry making's out of tune. Should not our praise go straight to God abo\路e Who teaches us o live, to stri\路e, to love? Ah, yes- but little ch ildren learn too soon or Flander's Fields- Rejoice! For Peace has come! - D. CoE .



Peace D ay EACE day "hat is the true nlC'nning of those t\\o \\Ords? h hi!'ton the.' "ill mean simply the signing of the armi.,tiec by the Germans; t(, tm~ Americans the~ hold a n111Ch deeper mean inc:. T o so1ne th<'y are the sy mbo l of jo.), of relie f after thr long stru g@:le; of exultant pride in the prowess and power of our nation. To others the:, sta 11d for gloom; they ha Ye c:-.pcrienced the tra@:cdy, the agon~, the brutishness, the black11c<;s nf what has gone before. But to all the.\' mean such deep and in'' rought feelings that forc,·er o,·cmber 11th "ill be nho,c all a cln,v to rcnP\\' that feeling o f brotherhood hct\\CCn nntions "dclccl together bv the price that was paid for peace ·- not the pric<' in the billion« of clolla1::. but the price thnt "a-; paid in th<' bl0ocl of our n1cn, in the tcar~ and sufft'rings of women and children, in the destruction and dc'iolation that befell France, blecdinp. Belg ium, aching Poland, and unfortunate Serbia. The memo ry of this sacrifice and suffering e-.;panded and profound!.' cb:vened as nothing else could ha\'C, our ferlinQ. o f the brothcrho(,d of ma n. As the Libert~ Bell had rung out the independence of our thirteen states in ,--6, so in 1918 the inclepenclcnce of man_,. nations \\as sounded through the night. Then thc s tcady ringing of a Iibert,\· bell g:n·<· the news. ow the 'ihriekinp: whistles and clanging bdls picrced our wry soul "ith the story; the stor.\' that transformed so vitally our li\'{~:,. The:-,· proclaimed that we as a nation had accomplished a gig:111tic task; they proclairnecl that the English "Carry on" and the French "Thou s h:llt not pass" had \\On the cia.'. The.' proclaimed that the last gun 1\as to be fired in a few minutes ; that the last regiment had gone over the top. I n a fe" hours this wholesa le slnughtcr of beautiful lives \\Oulcl stop; the roar of 1 he cannon, the work of the tank, the smell of poisonous gasses "ould bc no more. ' o wonder uncounted hearts greeted thi <; as a great clay of clays! Oh the feelings that came to us in the carl.v hours of that morning as the news \\aS declarccll \Ve became a conflict of emotions, no1\ one feeling becoming foremost and no" another. Sometimes '' e were OYCr\\ helmed with its bigness, sometimes enthralled with its glory, again dumb with the unutterable tragedy it had meant. We we re clutched b~ a feeling of fear which fairk took our brcath awav. Could this supreme news we had heard be true? \\'c were almost afraid to let oursekeo; think so. It would be unbearable s hould a gra.'· cloud again ;·cil our star of hope. But no! Sure!:-,· we couldn't doubt the persistent triumph of those sounds. The \'ictorious news almost left us speechless ; then out of the stillness came breathless murmurs. "f-'athcr will com<: hack! --A home - a real home once more." "J\1 v brother- ." "Both of mine--.'' "Jim." Others said nothing at all; but behind hurt eyes were more solemn thoughts o f fl a nders Field with its ro\\ after row of graves and markers. They tried to ignore the a nguish in their hearts and clung to the thought that he had died for his country-- that "Anything conceivable that he might have clone wou ld ha,·e been less than what he did." Yet, e\·en though his supreme sacrifice summoned to courage, the throbbing heart tolled hea ,·ily ''It can never fill th<' place that waits for him." But they, too, mastered their innermost feelings and chccred with the others. I lcre at home on peace day was a touch of the indomitable spirit of the battle fields. The cheering crowd told us we \\ere not the only ones who were happ). E1 cryont about us was cheering. Our whole nation "as flying its flag. For a flash of blind pride "e burst forth with a feeling of glory; glorv because it was our victory. We forgot the work of France, of England. We could only <;ee America triumphant. We had gone 01 cr the top! Sl1ortl., ''e smothered this feclinp; for one a little more \\ Orthy . We SR\\ more clear!.' our place in the whole. \\ e \\ere proud, to be sure, bccau-;e it \\US our boys" ho had turned the tide. \\'c still allo,,ed ourseh·es the jo~ of imagining long columns of tht·m in khak i marching on to , ·ictor,,- ''ith our beautiful sta rs and stripes triumphant!.'· floating aboH'. But our thoughts also went across the water to those people who had first n ndlongt"st "alk-



rd in the fu ruacc; '' ho knc'' far better than we a II ti1C' torture, the hell of'' a r. The '' ondcrful ftdi•tg of brotherhood surged rt•~.;istless within us and crowded out the petty emotion::. so UO\\Ortll\ of true democrat,;. The~ had gi' en up c,·en thing in life worth while that we might lw l'rn·. \\e ''anted t0 repa' them; a th in~ that mone.\ could ne,·cr do. .<\11 we

C•Julcl do 11as to s~ mpathi7(• '' ith them in their st ruggles, rejoice with them in their victories,

.111d udmin· them for their pluck, their long patience, and their loyalt.) to mankind. A :.tronger bond throbbed between us thnn cvet before. You and I experienced these leelings ; but did ''c know that on that cia.\ we became strongt•r and ~rcater indi,iduals? Did ''c kno'' that on that day our nation was becoming a strnnr,a and ~n·ater nation? And did'' e kno11 that on that day brotherhood, democrac.), .wd pt·an· took on a deeper meaning for all the world for all time?

Snap Shots I Kml A Tnntt.::K "\\t· ''ill no longer h:\\c to think of our bo.'s going out to kill human beings. As'' in ter nppronche~ \\l' "ill be happy, for no11 11 c kno11 the,- ~~-ill not ha' e to stand in the deep cold muclch 11:\ter in the tn•ncheo; 11aiting for the fat:ll moment when they strike or are stricken down. There i.:: still work to be donP, but this work is li~hted with the star of pcnet· nnd hopt•." FRO\! A SnoE'I "It is a long road without n turning. Our bo,, ·s ha,·c bPen tra,·eling that road, but no\\ thn han· reached the turn. - ow they 11ill take the new road that leads to reeonstrUltinri and home." FR0\1 A:-.;um1 H


"This d:n nwans so much to me because ( know m.v mother is so happy O\'er this morning's nt'\\ !->." FRml A


"Ao; \e-.tt•rda\ 's celebration continued hour after hour, I wondered if those people were rxpre~sin~ thl·rr gratitude and io.\ as best the.\ could. I think t hat a part of "Peace Da~·" hould huH· !wen !>pent at church, or in pra \cr."

The League of Nations S\\"!'. '-l'lliOrs are looking forward to our gradu:ltion, the nations of the 11orfcf ar<' frnminl! the treaty of peace which ma~ or may not be a league of nations. Our annual 11ould be incomplete without a mention of this fateful world political situation. We Americans can appreciate this new idea in world government by going uack to th<• thirtt'<·n struggling colonies stretched along the Atlantic coast in r -83. They tried li\ing as indi' idual colonies. They did not succeed. This failure drO\'C them to unite undl·r tlw Articles of Confederation. After once taking this step forward they could not ~~:o hack. Best of all, the~· did not want to go back. About eight years later a m0re perfect tnstrunwnt of go,crnmcnt was brought to the atten tion of these pioneers, by Ale:-andcr Hamilton. After months of work, prayer and con<;ideration the new plan of government \\aS adoptl·d and began to operate in I-8g. This same constitution with a few amendments i still op(·rnting '' ith c\·en greater power than Alexander Hamilton ever dreamed it s hould possess. Did tlw ::.truggle, the patience, the period of trial and experiment pay? Ask \Ourself. About tlm·e '>Core ,·ears and ten after the constitution was accepted by these cfc,·cl•lpmg stall's, this pl'rmanent but elastic instrument of the will of the people, was reinforced nd thus madl· clearer to the nation. Lincoln referred to this in the most famous phrase of hi Gctt~ sburg address; "- that this nation under God, shall have a ne11 birth l)f freedom nd that go\ t:rnrnent of the people, b' the people, and for the people shall not perish from tht· earth."



\\ ith this successful <...;:periment and proof to go b;1ck to, c&n we as gro\\ ing nations of the world ,.fford to lose the opportunit.' no" before us of working out b'. like struggle, patience, trinl nnd C:\pcriment a tO\enant ol all free goYcrnmcntc; to unite for the better ordering of the \\Oriel? Can the nations that arc scn-;ing the present political situntion in the \\orld f?:O back tcJ the stag<' of dC\clopmcnt the~ "ere in before the war? The league of nations to be sure is still clouded with the mists of uncertaint'., as \\as the e:-.pcrimental forn1 of 0ur United States' goYcrnment in the eighteenth CC'ntur.'. The results of this bigger i<ka in shaping the fa tC' of nat ions arc incomprchC'nsible and unkno\1 n. But cannot thesC' lc:-!ding nation<; of the \\Oriel fit themschcs to the propo<-ccl form of the leapuc through the period of "try-out" just as pati('nt!y as the thirteen colon1cs did " ith their \\Cak nne! uncertain instrument of go\'crnnwnt? These nations arc groping in the clark for the light of a freedom far greater than that\\ hich the colonists searched for" hen the.\ united under the "try-out" of r-83. Shall \\C grO\\ timid and faint hearted before \\C find the light for which we arc searching? o! 1 he light of fr<>edom is waiting, " l t is for us rather, to be here dedicated to that task remaining before us; that rrom our honored dead\\(' take increased devotion to that call!>(' for which the\ gan¡ the last full measure of devotion; that we here high!~¡ resol\'e thnt these dead shall not have died in vain that these nations, under God, shall have a ne\\ birth of frecdon1 and that a leaf!ue of the nations, h~¡ the nations and for the nations sh:tll not perish from the earth.''

Community Work ' :\liH· and A1\ake" has been and all\ a 1s slwll be the motto of the students of this school. \\ e \lt:rl' H\\ak(' 11hcn 1\C ~tarted our com'munit\ 11ork at \1ore\ Tl:1ll, but wc slvntld ha1c fnllcn askl'(> if IH' had StO]JpCd there. \\ C 1\CI~t OUt into the cit\· ancf pro1 eel tO the C;t_l IX'Ople our mott<1 11as one'' hich we liH·cl up to. Even \Vi nona seemed a sn~all place so 11e enlarg<·d tlw boundar~ lines of our eommunit1 to include the state of \linnesota. like til grm1 i111; things IH' soon outgre11 theo;c small limits. \\ c sa;,· an opportunit.\ to help t>Ur nat ion ;n the "oriel crisis of \\a r and rcconst ructioP a ncl "e stretched to that. At la-;t our cou.munit\ gre" so large that it reached over to '>llr allied nations across the 1\:llcr,.,. \\ e arr 1101\ renchin!.! the boundan lines of our communit:--·, and our present aim is not ntt•nsiun of limit~, but c-. tension of kind" and 'arict1· of work.

T'he Liberty Loan - Morey H ail Scholarship l IF l ibcrt.l Loan - ;\lore~· I lall Scholarship \\'aS planned by the war committee of our school last .I car. So far, six one hu ndrccl do llar bonds have been purchased and \\(' hope bv the end of this year we shall ha1 c sc1·cn hundred dollars worth of bonds. E1 t•n ~ca r each girl in t he school "ill try in some wa.v to earn one dollar to add to till' scholarship lund. A sin!!,lc room at :\.lorey H all is to be set aside for the recipient distinguished b~ lwr <dlOl:tr,hip, and her board'' ill also he gi,·en her. In addition to this, the intere<>t on till' nu•nt•y ~ccurcd for scholarship is to be giH•n hrr as pin money. Reali.£ing the fact that t'<lueation is n basis for the gre:::ttest possible growth 11c e\tend our h<:a rtiest congratul:ttions to the future holders of the Liberty Loan- :\lore.v I !all Scholarship. It i... an unusual pri1 ilcge whicl1 belongs to cven Jrraduate of the \\ inona ormal School: As we liw in the 1·arious communities into 11 hich our work calls us, we ma.\ keep \\atdl li•r a ~ifted and bi!!b-cbnractered ~ 0ung \\Oman," ho I'.'Ould bring honor to the Winona 1'\ornral School 11\ becomin11: 11 t{achcr under its guidance, but who is barred therefrom bv lark of funds; "hen 11c find her we ma ,. notifv the President of the School and he "ill be abll', through this schol11rship to help her become a teacher. This is an opportunit~ to ~l'rH· our Alma \later, the cause of education, and a friend, at one stroke.


East End Work il E ''spirit of service" in the ·urmal sdHtol becoming ambitious went out into the cit~ of Winona. The benefits and pb•su res we have enjoyed have been "c:Hried on" bv a rc\1 girls to other girls of the tO\\ n. Gladys Johnson has been the chief booster in the athletic field, for e1ery Thursday night she has "forward marched" a class of girb from the Onward League. They nwrch and they love it. Ronrana Thoeni and Jennie \l ulni' ha1 e pla.1·ed and worked outside the school in the vast field of dramatics with some of tlw,e s:tme girls. It is great fun, this learning and then doing, and it is great work, too; for "hat do these things which "e learn mean to us unless "c can pass them on to others and mah· th is world a little richer for our having been in it.



Y. W. C. A. J IE 't. W. C. A. attempts to give inspiration and an opportunit,· for sen ice to its girls through the regular meetings and the socinl service. This year's work has been quite producti' c a lthouf!h the "flu" disturbed us ,-er.v much during the fall an d ''inter. In spite of the epidemic, ho,,e,·er, the membership committee did very ''ell. A campaign '' as held in the fall and then the initiation ceremonies under the direction of both membership and social committees took place at the city Y. \V. C. A. building. The finance committee raised thirtY dollars at an auction at J\ loreY llal[ earh in the year. Later the Directories \\Cre issued: and in the spring more mone\' ~\as raised b~ sales and entcrta inmcnts. Each Sunda~· the Bible Classes ha,·c met to discuss social problen1s, and cwry fourth Sunday ha,·e had a un ion meeting of a ll the groups. The Social Sen ice workcrc;, '' ho are doscly allied to the Bible Studv, have been ver~· bus~, their work taking them to the Draft Bc•arcl, Countv Farm, the hospital and private homes. The Rest Room, which is socia l service c:..clusivel~ for 'ormal girls has been brightened b~ new piiiO\\ co,·ers and curtain~. The program committee has been very busy and its yea r's program incl uded: ~ [ iss BarrO\\S on "Canteen Work in france"; l\lrs. Chorpcnning on "Reel Cross \Vork in Washington;" :'lfr. Reed on "The Ethics ol \Var Poetry;" Miss Staples on "Social Sen icc in \V<tr Lines;" 1\lrs. french on "Snap Shots of my Life in Turke_, ;"and "Readings" In \[ iss Slifer. 1\liss Lillis ~imball went to the 1ational Conference at Evanston in l\larch, and ei~ht of the 11('\\ cabinet members went to a cabinet conference in ;\}in neapolis on the 12th and 13th of April. The Annual Elections were held l\ lan.:h 26th and l::.llcn l\fchalek was elected president, Grace 1\ l crr~ man, ,·icc-president, Fern Rose, ~ccret!lry, and Jeanette Van Duzec treasu rer. 1 he old cabinet regrets to le:n·e but c\ er~ member knows that the ne'' officers will be just as en thus iastic nne! eager about Y. \\'. C. A. work as they have been. They feel, too, that the year of I<)H)-20, " ·ill see much fine \\ork carried on under the llC\\ cabinet.


Community Singing ill·'\ our boy>- were i:1 camp and on the battlefield they sang, sang, sang. In the H·nings when the sun was low they \\Otlld gather for a fe,, minutes of chorus 'inging. The nld, old songs which had been replaced by the so-called "popular" songs again came into prominence through the boys' chorus singing. T h is chor us in~ing :;prcad, and now, en•n though the war is over, we, a ll of us, arc singing the old nng~. Under the direction of ,\Irs. J ohnston, the people of Winona are joining the great dwrus 11hich is aiming to make this year of 1919 a singing .v car throughout the United St.lll's nnd the whok \\(>rid.

W l

Our French Orphans il L:\ the people of the United States realized "hat a huge number of childrl'n abroad 11 ere robbed of one parent or both b1 the cruelties of the war, they stretched forth tnger ha!lds to help them. Clothing and food \\ere sent to these distressed little pcopk; but our good American P:!ople were not content to sit back and :>:l\ ,"\\'t•'n• done enough;" many of them adopted children who needed help. Some of tlw nll'mlx·rs of our facu lty and of our student body indi v idually adopted ~n orphan, but 11c all \\:lilted to help in this world wide movement so we of the Winona o rma l Sc!wol, adopted a little ci~ht .vear old French boy named J ean. We do not kn o"· much about this Oc>\; hut \YC arc hoping, since he is learning to write, that some clay he will write us a letter, tdling us all about the life we arc trying to brighten and cheer t hrough the money we send :wr.,~s tht' sea for him.


Fire R elief Fund ill spirit and bigness of our conununity work showed itself in the response to the hre Hclief fund. \\"hen word had been recei1 cd that our northern forests were burning and that many \\Crc suffering from lack 0f food llncl clothing we answered tlw call for help. A collection "as taken in chapel amounting to one hundred and fnrt~-t\ln dollars to be sent to the sufferers for thei r immediate relief.


United War Work C a mpaign UHI'\G the United \\"ar \\'ork campaign, the students ::tnd members 0f the facult.v did a ll they cuuld to promote the cause. After enthusa~tic four minute speecht:s a collection of a little o\·er one thousand dolbrs ,·;as taken.



The Training School LUBS, gYmnasium, dancing, h~alth cr••sadc, "dramatics," laboratnn \\Ork, pia' "riting, swimming pool, pia\ ~round", 'n' c,·cr.Y thin~. Do you, reader, kno" the trnining school? ~laybc ~ou think \OU do. Rut if \"OU a re not ~marc or the fun and "pep" that mark it. then you don't. "A '<Chool should train tht• whole child · all there is of him." This is the motto of the\\ inona Training Sehoul, and \\t' Ii,e uD to it! That's wh.' school ''ork is more delightful, Sltbiectc; easier to teach, and life as, '' hok mort• \\Orth "hilc in the \\'inon a Training Department than in manY other school.:;. Do not think, on the other hand, that it is all pia\ and no work. The Tra!ning School is n \Cr~ aetivr, business-like place. [ach child makes his standinl! and holds it by scholarship alone. Our departments throughout are divided into classes, A, B and C, accordinp; tv the aLility of rach child. Thus none is crr,wded and none held back; e •ch does his best in a group where• competition is po,;siblc for him. Do we turn out gcniu~:;cs there? It has seemed so at time,;. 1 he.; ch ild ren p('rform stunts so amaz!ngly wcil one stand s b.v with month wide npen, thinking, "It can't be trut·. The.> must have a great dcHI of help," when in real it.\ t he bo.vs and girls have done it thcm~elYcs "ith ,·en little outside a%istanre. The Train~ng Schoo! has the very best of supervisors, who in lu rn help the "practicers.· The st udent teachers under the direction of the supervisors, the children under that of the student teachers, all are bound together in one happ:--·, hustling, growing, Training Department. The supen·isors arc the great helpers and ''hat we don't owe them isn't worth mentioning. They see that the teaching is up to grade in e,·ery cl<'tail. They keep tht· educational ball rolling, and well do the student teachers know it. " un' sed" except to add that if you really want to find out more about the training school you should just try teaching. You "ill sec that we kntlW what "c a re talking about. Of course st,mc ''ays of doingthingo; ma~ bcdi!Tcrent when you tr~· it out. We arc<~ cl<'mocracy a nd believe in one inalienable right - that of progress. We mo,·c with the times.



\\c art• thu~. toda.'. \ ou must judp;c for yourself our tomornl\\, 11 hen tCJIH<,rrOII is here. One thin~-(, hollt\t'r, 11e kno''· \\'hatc,er t-l~e .\·ou nw~ find changed, you ''ill lind all the children being dn doped ;n all 11 a:- s in the po11er to feel, the po11 er t o cnio:-, the po"'er to do, a \H'll as in the p.w cr to kno11.

Printing :--.I· nwrninl! in Fcbruar.\ as 11e came to chapel Ill' noticed a litt!e pile of cards on l'ront desk in the assembh room. Of couro;;c t'l en one was curious to kno11 "I oat 11a~ on these cards and 11as interested and C\titccl' when thcv found out that tht·\ lll' IT the Annual subscription cnrcls. ITo11 man.' thought o( holl' these cards 11cn• prq>Hrl'd? I am sure at least one person did and that 11as i\lr. Sa ndt. Wh.\? Becau<l' it 11as tlll(lt'l his direction that some of the hobblct\ h01 s 11 hom YOU met on the 11a1 home to lundlt'on that cla1 had prepared these cards in tht• Normal pri~t shop. Ho11 coulcl the\ do all\ thing like that? Let us step into the shop <ln cl lind out. Some of tlw boys .tre sorting pi; -,onw are checking up t ,\ pe cases ; some arc cutting paper; others are " set ting up t\ pl';" 11 hilt· still others arc printing the cards. Tlw 11 ork is so intere~ting that the qul·stion, "\lav I sta:o tonight, ~1 r. S a ndt?" neYer fails to be asked at the <:nd of the period. \\'hat makes the print shop such an interesting place to \\Ork in? In the first rlacc, \lr. Sandt prl'o.ent~ tlte 11ork in a \\' H\ that appea ls to the bo~ s and in the second place, the matl'ri:d~ and machiner.\ in the s hop attract their attention. \\'hat is there in the shop that attract'. their attention? Probab lv the first things to be noticed are the cabinets and stand~ 11 hich contain all the din'ercnt cases of type; Roman, Ital ic, Oe,·inne, Cushing, C:t ..don and other". On one side of the room we c;ee the large foot !eYer press on 11 hich our Annual subscription cards were printed and on ''hich the Jun ior Hig h Sdwol paper, the "1'\ormalette", is printed each month. Then there arc t11o hand Jc,cr p resses on which tickets, calling cards and other >'ma ll cards are printed . Other machines in the shop arc: a ~titching machine 11 hich is used for stitching pamphlets, pads and magazines; a large paper cutter "hich is used for cutting the paper for cards and pamphlets to be printed; a pt.•rl'orator 11hich is used lor perforating receipt pads; and a cornering machine \\hich i'> u~ed for rounding corners on cards. Besides these there is an imposing table 11hich was made h, '\onnal \bnual Training students. On this table the forms arc locked into the chase reach for printing. It conta ins compartments for proof paper, ink, letter boards, nnd wo<>d :tnd metal furniture. Along "ith the printing a new feature hac; been brought into this department. This Ill''' kind of work is 11oocl-cuts. The designs for these were made b.v the Junior ll igh School girls under th<' direction of l\Jiss Speckman and the cu t s ''ere carved by the .Junior ll!gh s, hool bo\S. The CO\'ers or the last ll\'0 " ormalettes" Ilad wood-cut designs on them ,IJ1d 11 furth(•r e\ idencc of this new feature \\ill be noted b.) the presence of the end-piece or this article. Th(• ;.<uod f.:.n~lish. correct composition, punctl!ation and S!)clling required for the work in the print shop and the in teres~ with 11 hich these arc practiced there ha' e a great Yalue in an educational inslitution. The kincl of ,,·ork clone and the spi rit with which c,·crything is d<•ne in the prinring department sho11 that there is constant cooperation hct\\ecn this dt•partmcnt and other departments or th e school. The succec;s of this department is clue partly to the help of local printers but most o!' ail to the earnest eO'orts of the instructor. ~lr. Sandt. J\1. E. ·




Affiliated Rural School il E pmcticc ~chooh, of the rural educa tional department arc t' pica!, n10dern school~. located in live ncarb\ influential CC>tnmunitie<;. Tlw_,. a rc s ituated among beautiful and rich fHrm lands. To t hcs" <;c hools come the children o f good-hea rted, prosperou s and p rog rcssi' e farmer<; of Winona count_,.. The old tim e grind of the little cla"s rc.om is no more forth~::.\ a rc "our rural schoolc;" no\\ and t he best \'.C have i'i none too good for them. All stud ents who arc ta king the r ura l course spend si ' ''eeks of inten::.ive tmining in t hese sc hools. They li ve among these farmers, s h:ue in their work and fun, an,l hdp the co mmun it.\' in c,·ery \':ay they ca n. In school, t!1ey assist t he regu Ia r teachers, h:n c teaching methods e:-..plained and learn to t:tkc al l the responsibilities which the~ will assume nc\t year in their ow n schools. · Besides th0se students '' ho a rc train in~, the ormal sends to these schools those ''ho can teach manual training, household economics, anrl music. Tlw 1'-lorm a l owns a Ford which is dri' en b~· Clarence Gerecke and carrie<> the soecial subject student<; back and forth. Once a '' eek there comes a change in the routine school life of the little farme r bo~·s and girls when the ·• or mal teachers" arri,•e. To them, thi-; is the best time of the whole '' eek for whcP they come the t ool chc~t is opened, t he little kitchen becomes a hive of bus' worke r~. an d tht main room becomes a large music hall. The edu cation a nd p leasure ot manua l trainin~, household economics nne! «inging, which me features in city schools, arc th·.!irs a lso. Another important pha!:>e of \\Ork in these ru ral school commu nities h:~ s hcen th e de"elopment of fa rme rs', p:~rents' a nd c hildrcns' clubs. Thru thPse it is possi ble to brinl!' the ''I tole commnnity top:cther fo r scri,;us study or recreation. .Many excelle nt resu lts ar<· growing out of' this phase of rural act i\'ity. They ha"e helped to de' clop a va luable understa nding of the a ims o f the schools, a fill(' coopcrati\"(. spi rit, and a keen interest in the welfa re of the conuuuni:.y. These affi liated <;chools :• rc mu tua lly hel pful to the orrna l School an d tn their c,\\n comm un ities.



Count ry Life Club I !AT thc Country Life Club has been righti.v n,tntcd is e' ident in more wavs than one. The part that stands out as a chnracteristic of e'er,,- member is "Life." The mcmlx·rship is r.nt restricted to countr.v girls, for the signaturC's to the constitution c;ho" that\\.(' have ~iris from cities \\hose population ranges from five hundred thousand tu fort~," hich i'i perfect evidence that we> arc not all "fresh Irom thC' farm." In fact, the onh n·quirements a prospectiH· C. L. C. nl<'mbC'r must ha"'c are to "live" and pay a term fct• of fifteen cents. \\'ith the opening of the fall term the club reorganized and started to \\OJ k "ith a membership of fort' -two which increased within a few months to sixty-four. Great originalit~· and ability ha,-c been di~playecl at va rious entertainments gi,·cn in district schools. These cntert::tinmcnb ha' c gi,cn the g;irlc:: an opportunit.v for social ser' ice and at the c;ame time ll't ,-c revealed t·dcnt, "hi,·h perhaps, would not ha,·e come to light, had it not been for the free atmosphere of the Countr~· Life Club. In the earh c;pring an urgent call came from I lomcr to aiel in entertainint~: th.:: people of that ,·illagc. T"ch-e girls responded and ga,·e a most unu sual progra m, made up of music, n•adings, and folk-dances, besides v~~rious stunts. The best part of this program was that most of the numbers were originated between six and eight o'clock after reaching Homer. The encores "ere proof enough that the fame of the club would spread . After the inhabitan t~ of the 'ill age had been amu.,ed for the <'vcn ing, the tables were turned 11 nd they" ere compelled to cntertnin eight gir!s for the n!ght because> of the heav.v rain. This hosp!talit~ of cour~c did not in any \\'ay le~scn the populnrit~· of the Countr.' Lifers with the other studc nts; and "hen "e were ready for our next outing at Gilmore Valle:-.·, three new members 11 ere added to the rolL Though m<•st of the mectinP,s ha\'C had a social purpose connected ,·,-ith them \\C ha,-e had :.t'\Cral instructi\'c and inspiring program:>. One o f the<;e was the lecture by th e noted naturalist, \lr. G. H. Tra fton, of the :\la nkato 1ormal school. This talk "as given to tht• entire school and it is the purpose ot the dub to ofler others of the sort. \\ ith the ciusing of the school ~-eu \\e feel confident this ~·ear's wor!... of the club ha~ been worth while and that the club ''ill hold an C\'en mo re important place in the life of tht• \\ inona ormal School.



Kindergarten UR!NC thi<> .)Car tlw kindergarten Club has been as acli,·c as usual. The fir-'t step iP the \'Car's ''·<1rk \\'aS the buying of our second LibC'rty Bond. A contC'st \\II~ held bct,,cen the Juniors :~nd Seniors, the .Juniors being the successfui competitors. The Seniors or losers entcrtaim•d the Juniors for their hard work in'' inning. V\ C, the prospecti\·e teacher<; ol' small children fta\'e beC'n interC'stecf in all child ,,('(fare act i' itiC's. The work o f the Dav ur~CI\ has been carried o,·er from last 'car and the J ••ninrs IHt' C' beevme enthusiastic' ''· orkers and hclners. The present work of th<' club i"> helpiPg to entertain the children at the Junior parties at theY.\\'. C. A. ''here, once a mrmth, Ol1l' hundred children are entertained "ith gan~es <I nd storiC's. At the close' of last year, our attention \\HS attracted b:. the work of the Kinder?:artcn t; nit in France, a phase of reconstruction \\Ork among the children of the \\Ur-de,astatcci regions. So keenly did this cause appeal to the hC'arts of the Kindergarten group that tl.c, practically emptied their little treasur~ to nid in this \\Ork. To replenish our funds, this year, we resorted once more to the Christmas gift book "hich had proYed a financia l aiel in the past. The returns from sales justified the hard work of those backing t h is enterprise. Our club meetings have been of great interest and help to all members. At each meeting a definite program has been carried out. Not only arc the present members of the club interested but also those who ha,•e left us. One graduate d ressed a doll which she sent to the club to use in its wor k among children. Another graduate helped in buying a Libert.\ Bond by giving a sum of money. ot onl.' have gifts been sent but also many intcrestin~ letters have been read at the meetings. Besides the regu lar meetings the club has had many pleasant social times. Durin~ the first term the Juniors were entertained bv the Seniors at a "Kid Party." The Kinder~arten room was arranged as a nursery and -children's games were played. Refreshments \\Crc served suitable for a child's party. The success of the year has been clue to the interest and help of all members of the club.



Art Department Fine Arts .\ 10 G the list of required subjects in the ormal Course is one cnlled "Dra"·ing.'' To the new student this usual!.\ suggests three months of dull, monotonous drudgen Is it? Ask that same student at the end of the term and sec ho11 his idea of dra"in~ has changed. Then just "hat do 11e mean by dra11·ing under ,\lis!> Guernse.\? D ocs it mean that at the end of the course we han· become efficient in the technique of drawing? Far from it, we han• simply learned a fc11 of the big principle!>. \\'e arc not e1·en able to appl,\· thc~c principles to an extent at all comparable 11ith our nc11 re1clation in the "oriel of art. \\c have, indeed, gathered some valuable bits of skill and kno11 ledge of handling line, form and color. But is this all that drawing means? o, it means that we go from the drawing room with opened C,\es obscn·ant and appreciatiq~ of beauty in the things about us. The trees, hills and life itself ha1·c a ne11 and richer meaning. We look at Winona Lake and the surrounding bluffs with their c1·cr changing woods and there is a certain unnamable something in the wonderful lights and shad011s which 11c ha,·e ne,·er felt before. \\'e watch the "race of man" go by 11ith the endless \'11riety of form, face and dress, and 11c ~nd oursehes better able to interpret his inner nature. We not on ly see these thin11:s but we arc ~lied 11ith a desire to do. Our imaginations have been quickened, ou r crcati1·e instincts haYc been aroused and we no longer wish to be idle, taking things as they come regardless of how monotonous or ugly. We want to eliminate that 11hich is ugly and disco rdnnt, we 11ant to create and prcscn·c that which is beautiful and harmonious. \Vc arc not only more obsen ant and richer in outlook but more eager for the actil'e tasks in making this' a more beautiful world in which to li,·c.


Industrial Arts l IE industrial arts department is one of great interest to anyone. \\'hen one goes in this room he is greatly inspired b;-.' the work displayed. The work this year has been greatly modi~ed as many of the materials have been so high. There was Hoo,·erizing in every other department and as this department couldn't be out oft he game it did likewise. The great scarcit~ as well as the high prices of paper made this department use their ingenuity, so sample books of wall paper were used for paper. This feature of using the wall paper was made vcr.\ important. !\Ian~· artistic as well as useful things \\ere made. Other features taken up 11erc clay ,,·ork, basketry, ''eaYing rugs and binding books. The l\linnesota course of study was bound bv most students. The 11ork of this clcpartm'cnt is very fascinating, helpful, and educational, and it cannot help but cfc,·elop a better app reciation for the usefu l and beautiful, and also for those concerned in its production.


Manual Training II E buzz of the saw, the tap of the ham mer, and the 11 hiz o f the pia ne, as it se nd~ curls of shn1·ings on the floor greets one as he enters the manual training room. This year the manual training classes seem to have run to cedar chests, pedestals, porch s11i ngs and J\'l orris chai rs. There has been a great number of cedar chests haYing different designs made this year. This large number of hope chests made this year makes things look rather discouraging to those who a rc cndea1·oring to enlist the service of young women in the teaching profession as life members. Question? Should cedar chests be discouraged or encouraged?


H ousehold Arts ' DER the leadership of \ l iss Collins and :\ I iss Cooley, the department of household arts has made !!:reat progress durin!!: the last .'car. Earl_,. in the fall the girls of this department were assigned the task of selecting a fe,, ne" furnishings to ma ke the dining room of their department more attracti,·e. These girls, assisted by the sewing classes, at last suitably equipped and art istica ll.' a rranged the dining room. To celebrate this great e,·ent a reception \\aS held to which a ll the members of the department were invited. eedless to say, it was a great s uccess and next day many of the K. G's. \\ere heard to sa\· that the,· wished the\' were K \l 's. instead. It "as decided at this time to make the' reception ·an annual h;;ppening. The next notable affair in the department was a series of dinners perpared and sen ·ed by the Cooker~ II class. The abo,·e picture s hows the Y. W. C. A. enjo_,·ing one of the biggest and best dinners c,·cr given in the school. The staff, \1 r. laxwell, and se,·eral members of the facu lt.Y "ere also entertained at various other dinners. This department "as further made prominent b_, the commendable "ork of the sc\\ing classes. The costumes for several one-act plays, gi,·en during the .\car, "ere made b) them. Those for the "Blue Bird" were also of their making. The service flag "as made by this section of the department as a part of their patriotic sen icc to the school. There are rumo rs about of a fashion sho'' to be gi\'en soon, similar to that of last year only it will of course, be far better than heretofore. I t appears, then, that the Domestic Science Course is one of the most im·iting courses in the school. Anyo ne "ho is graduated from this course will not onh be assured of being an excellent teacher and a capable manager of a home, but will ha'e the comfortable sense of lun·in!!: contributed liberally to the pleasures of ou r school life.


:\ l E:-JDELSSOH" Cu.:s



Mendelssohn Club llllrt) girls th.n arc in number but one would think that there were thirt.v times thirt\ 11 hen the\ start to sing, for they are like a bo11 string when set in motion. They c·annot help\ ibrating to the plucket of their strings. In the whirl of school life what fun is it to stop for an hour and be carried out into the grassy fields or snow clad mountains or sit beside a colored mamm~ as she lulls her little nigger baby to sleep, and t\l.:n on into tlw realms of the unkno'' n. \\'e have tried to s hare this pleasure as we sang at \ arious t inws during the year. Our first appearance being at the \\'omen's Federated Club nt till' \kthodist Church. rhcn, at the program in honor of the returned soldiers, also at the 11inter term graduation and likc11ise at the state Y. \V. C. A. conventions we entertained the scores of people present. These various performances terminated in our hnal program, the \kndelssohn Concert. It is not amiss to add that together with our music of io.vous a nd serious nature, 11·e ,d,,ays Ji, l'cl in anticipation of another sort. At different inter va ls in our work we gave four dimwr parties, the memories of which each girl will treasure. For like the bow after 1b string~ h:l\ e ceased to 'ibratc the work of i\Irs. Johnston 11 ill echo and in turn be transmittl·d to ot hl•rs 1)\ each .\ lendelssoh n girl.


hHs l SoPR.\:"\0


SEcmm SoPHAl'O




.\LICE BA V'W" \\A RGL ERlTE 5:-;, DEH

ETHEL Doo:-:EY ZELDA \ [ u:-.lso;-..;


1I ELE'\1

DoHorHY L""G L L\ YL) '\ ELDRED [ STH E:.H 1\ ELS0:-.1


FH-\'\ CES YA'\Y




l t CILE SCA'-L..\'[:.fi!LL KIDD 0LG \ THO:"\\.OLD







RO\IANA THOE:-.ll DoHOTHY :-.lcKEow:-; Rent 0 ·scAHD

·"''-FATTE L\FH.\'\CE DotLir: .\lETTA\1

CLARA SJ;:-.;1\:ET

BER:o-.JCF h.'\ OPP,



School Acti vities l\londay Morning Chapel Talks TUD I '-.TS in some colleges ha' e a 'cry peculiar feeling in regard to chapel. J\lany look funl:lf(l to chapel with the idea in mind that it is a time for general disciplining 11hile otlwrs think of it as a \Cr.\ formal and solemn meeting. But s uch is not the nttitudt• 11 hich the students of our -orma l take toward it. \\'e rather look upon chapel as a tinw \\ hid1 takes us awa.' from the daily routine of recitation and gi1·es us a period for inspirational guidance. Somt· of the things 11hich ha,c helped to make our chapel time so interesting are t he talks gi,t·n b, different members of the facult_,.. The first part of this school year we wa ited with t•xpcctann for some time to hear from the faculty. Finally 1\ liss Slifer surprised us, carl1 in October 11ith the wonderful selection, "The J ester's Sword." The whole school 11as imprl'ssed not onh b.1 the coura12:eous story set forth b.\ the selection, but by the intert'Sting \1:1.\ in 11 hich \!iss Slifer ga1·e it. ~lr. French 1111s the nc\:t one on t he prOj!;ram. As he is nc11 in our faculty we were all \Cf\ curious to ht•ar him. H e p;a1 e a Yery 1·aluable talk on "The Uni,·ersity of Constantinopll.'." As :\lr. French has taught for many years in that Uni,·ersity one can readily understand 11 l11 his talk was so interesting. A series of lectures were gi1en by 1\lr. Gaylord on " Ilow to Study." 1\Iany of us still question ho11 Ill' e~t•r learned anything in comparing our methods with that which ~1r. Gaylord planned out. Ne1ertheless we all aj!;reed after tr.1 inj!; out ~I r. Gaylord's method that it is far more cllicicnt. Enrl) in '-member, ~!iss Gildemeister ga1·e us a tnlk which we, as prospecti1e teachers, ''ill neH·r forget. The subject of her talk was " Patriotism and Loyalty as Brought Out Through thl' School." The opportune time which .\liss Gildemeister chose for g iving her talk fit being just before the armistice 11as signed) helped to make it so effective. In the same month .\l iss Richards gave us a very instructi1·e talk on "The Evolution of the English Language." The fact that l'.Iiss Richards is so proficient in this line of work made her talk e\Ceptionally interesting. Just a fe\1 daYS before lYe went home for ou r Christmas holidays, l\liss Staples talked to us on the ''Armenian Relief." The big collection that was taken up later for the Armenian caust• realh showed 11 hat a great influence the talk had on e1·eryone. Tht• lirst onl' to talk to us after ou r vacation was l\ lr. Sandt. H e read an article to us on "Teaching Industrial Arts in the Hural Schools," which was not only interesting but humorous as well. As a rule grown-ups are not interested in children's stories but this idea is completely shattered 11hene1er .\liss Sutherland starts to tell one of her numerous stories. Such was the case ,dwn she favored us with the darling little fairy-talc "The Bag of Smiles." Like so many kindergarten children both faculty and students sat and listened. About this time we had all been wondering when 1\lr. l\loore was going to speak to us. lie did not keep us wondering long however. Earl.' in Februar_,. he gave us a series of intere~ting lectures on "Bolshc1 ism and Socialism." He brought out very clearly the comparisons and differences bet\1cen the Bolshe1·iks and the Socialists. Tlw last lectures" hich we ha,·e heard, were gi1·en by i\liss Collins on qu ite a different subject from tht• others. Instead of being instructive hints for prospective teachers they \\t'fe rather instructin• hints for prospective wi,·es and mothers. Sometime in the next month or two we expect to hear from the other members of the facult,. \\'t• art• certain that their talks will be just as instructive and interesting as the pn•eeding ont•s.



:\Iiss Cooley has promised to give us a fas hion show such as she gave last year. i\lr. Scarborough is going to talk to us on "Time and it's ;\leasurements." ~1r. Reed will speak on "The Value of Comedy." And i\lrs. Chorpenning will discuss "The Recreation Clause in the llunclred i\lillion Dollar Education Bill in the Senate."

Lectures IllS year the or mal Students enjoyed many lectures. Howe,·er, because of subject matter, some stand out more promincntiJ than others. One well remembered lecture \lAS that given by Dr. Frayer of the University of ?llichigan, on "Prussia as a World ;\lenace." A talk by l\l r. I fill on the "Yin France," pointed out the great work that that organization was and in doing for the boys "over there." Another ver~ impressive talk was gi1·en by ~lr. A. J. Ske~ hill, an Australian soldier and poet, on "War and Poetry." lie also read a number of his \\ar poem:;. A most inspiring talk was "Youth and the War," b\ Judge Ben Lindsey. A list of all the lecture:; of the year and their subjects follows:


T A Lh.S 0" Tu E

\\'A R.

\lr llill - The Y in France. \lr. Deutsch- The Fourth Libert\ Loan. Dr. Frayer - Prussia as a World i\lcnace. Lieutenant V. Conrad - Life at \\'est Point. Judge Ben Lindsey- Youth and the War. :\lr. A. J. Skevhill - War and Poctn. :\lr. Pett - Experience While in the Scn·iee. LECTL.HES 0:-. SociAL I l YGIE ' E. Dr. Dudley - The Beginning of Life. Dr. Ulrich - Two lectures I nstru ctions in Social H ygiene.


Superintendent I fart\lcll of St. Paul. TALKS



Superintendent Voorhees of Winona The Value of an Application. Superintendent Loomis of Winona Count.\ The Contents of an Application. \ l i SCELL.\:-:roLs SLBJECTS.

\I r. Peter Laughry llo" Experiences at Normal I lave Functioned in \h Life. ;\l r. Raine - Illustrated lecture on Alaska. \lr. Waldo The Six Essentials of a Big Life.

Our Movies ilE school rccei,·cd quite an addition this year when we had our new ~ l oving Picture Machine installed. ow we don't have to spend a perfectly good fifteen cents but can sec our movies here in our own assembly room. Early in the ''inter term 11c had a very good moYie from the Ba,\ State !'dill. The picture ''as very interesting AS "ell as educational, showing old And ne\\ forms of han esting and all the milling processes in the Ba \' State :\Till. Our next 1110\ ic, "The End of the Road," was also educational but of a 'cry -different type. Perhaps .\ ou "ill get some idea of it if I merely state that the purpose cf the picture was to emphasize certain points in some of Dr. :\ lable Ulrich's lecture:; on social problems. Our third, And, at the date of this writing, our last picture, "Under Four Flags" ''as, as the name suggests, A war picture And a ,·er.\· fine one. I t ga\e us a great man~ interesting scenes of the part played in the war by the United States, England, France, and l tah. 0Lir appreciation of it perhaps more than equAls the time and trouble \lr. Sandt has put in the installment and running of the machine.



The Festival Concert Course ilE first number on our concert course was given by l\ l iss Kitty Cheatham, February r~th. \liss Cheatha m has an international reputation having appeared in some of t he European Courts. I fer program consisted of chi ld songs and negro folk songs. H er interpretation of child songs was most unique, her vi,·id personality predominating throughout. Our :;ccond event was to be g i' en I\ l ay gth, but through the financial cooperation of the stucknts and townspeople the committee had sufficient funds to surprise us with a concert on tlw c\·t.·ni ng of :\larch 31st. This conce rt was g i,·en by :\lr. Scheurer, a violinist. :\ lr. \\ i!liams, a harpi st, and :\lr. Fischer a 'cellist, all of the ;\li n neapolis Symphony Orchestra. These p1.•oplc also gave a most entertaining and delig htful program in t he afternoon to over four hundrt•d child ren of the city. Our third program, then, ca;11e according t o sc hedule, .\l ay gth. I n the afternoon the children of the Training Sc hool sang the operetta, "The W a lr us and the Carpenter," wh ich \\as a jm· both to the performers and to the listeners . This was followed by a program by .\I iss Leona L~ tit•, a noted soprano. In the evening the g irls of the 1orm<d School gave "The ll iglm:n \lan," Burton Thatcher carrying the solo parts. Burton Thatcher is associated \\ ith the Chicago I nstitutc of :\lusic and is t he best baritone in the :\l iddlc West. The Concert Course proved to be a decided success. The stude nt body and citizens of Winona turned out in such numbers the seating room of ou r au di torium prO\·ed insufficient. So en thus iastie were our audiences, indeed, t hat we are g iving t hough t to a new seating arrangemc nt for nc'\t :>ear so that the crowds can be more comfort ably accommodated .


Dramatic Department

The Dramatic Club ilE Dramatic Club acti' ities ha,·e been unusuall.v 'aried durin?: the vcar. Four \t:r\' interesting programs haYc been gi,·en. During the summer session a unique l'\L'nt took place on the e,·ening of July 2-1-th when an outdoor pia.\ was staged in a channing natural amphitheater at the foot of Garvin I Icights. "The Heart of Youth" ll' IIerman I lagcdorn tells of the struggle between a wise monk who sees visions and an impetuous lad '' ho rebels against restraint. The author shows in this play the same love for yout h that he manifests in his stirring essay, "Young America, You Are the I lope of the \\oriel." A program of three one act plays of decided merit was given at the ormal School, Dcccmbt•r -th. "Joint Owners in Spain," by Alice Brown is a delightful comedy suggesting the trials of two cantankerous old women who find themselves rooming together in the ''Old belies ! lome." This play was first given by the Chicago Little Theater Compan~-. "The \Iaker of Dreams" by Oliphant Down is one of the plays of the 1\lanchester England pl<l\crs. I n this quaint sketch Pierrot finds in Pierrette the "woman of his dreams." The b1st pia:. "Rise Up Jennie Smith" by Rachel Smith \\'On a prize recently in a patriotic play contest. It is the simple story of the heroic sacrifice made by a milliner's apprentice who l!;in:s up her \11Cation to buy a Liberty Bond. Two programs have been given H\\ ay from the school. On the -th of February "The \ Iaker of Dreams" together ,,ith some readings and folk dances was gi,·en for the Farmer's Club at the Gilmore Valle.\ School. This same play and "Rise Up Jennie Smith" \\Crc repeated at the :\linnesota City Town Hall on !\larch 28th, in connection with the organization of a Recreation club for the .\'Oung people of that town. The members of the Dramatic Club feel that in spite of the difficulty of casting plays '' ith so fc,, ~ oung men back from service and in spite of the inroads made by the influenza l'pidcmic on rehearsals they ha\'e had a good year. With conditions becoming normal again a successful season is anticipated for the coming year.



Community Plays NE of the needs of our nation most strong!.\ emphasized b.\· the war is a richer community life. All 01·cr the countr} men and organizations interested in social sen icc arc searching for practical and inspiring forms of community activitic:,. We have been interested, here, in a new form of communit1· drama " ·hich has been worked out during the year. r-.lrs. Chorpenning is 11riting pla~·s, c-..:prcssly for different groups, in the community who 11ish their pla.vs to sa.\ definite things, or to allo'' their self-expression in moods of their 011n choice. The accompan:-ing cut, for example, is taken from a play written for a group of younp; people in the rural communit.v in 11 hich our Gilmore Valle.\ school is situated. It presented the farmer's relation to the war. Entireh· different were two plays produced with this: a farce, gi1·en b.\· a group of 11orking :-oung; people, and aimed at the unwillingness of the rich "slacker" to bear a heavy share of the burdens of the \\ar; and a play "ritten to e:-.prcss the 11a:-· some of \\'inona's Polish citizens feel about the relation bet'' cen the foreign clement here and the re t of the t011 n. Just as different again is a fairy play, to be produced later in ~lay, 1\"fittcn not around a theme at all, but to gi,·e the actors a chance to enjoy the color, dancing, imagination and romance they asked for. The interesting thing about the plays is the co-operati1·c methods of creating them. The theme or mood desired is chosen by those "ho ask for the play, and discussed fred:-·. Note-Gilmore Valley school on page 58. Then Mrs. Chorpenning works out a plot which will carT.\" that meaning, or gi1·c c:-.prcssion to the desired mood, and submits it to the group. When it has been changed and developed to please them the dia logue is written and the play is put into tria l rehearsa l. During the early rehearsals any changes in the scenes or the wording '' hich the actors desire arc made. Sometimes these changes a rc comparati1 ely slight; sometimes they amount almost to rewriting the pia.~"- The play is then put into final shape, and rehearsed for production. The production must alwa~ s of course pay expenses; when that is assured the player:, like best to ha,·e their plays contribute to some community occasion. The first ones produced 1\Cre given '' ithout admission at the annual meeting of the Red Cross. The fairy play mentioned above will first be given on Gan·in I !eights, in honor of \lr. Garvin, who presented the use of this wonderful spot to the school, and then repeated in the Opera I louse that the many citizens interested in i\lr. Gan in as a public spirited man, '' ho would lind the heights inaccessible, may sec it. Th::- alert interest taken by leader:, of community work in ever.1· practical form of crcatin• recreation dc,·eloped an~ where in the country is shown by the fact that these little plays have alrcad~ attracted the attention of the foremost community workers. The ational Association Communit:-· center and Carnegie I nstitute, have both asked for clctailccl reports of the work with the te:-.ts and pictures of the plays. This is an ind ication of the importance attached by these leaders to an.v deYeloping form of community work, whatever. It means that CYery teacher should study the problems of community work, and be prepared in whateYer commun ity s he ma~· be, to take whate,·er part lies within her power in shaping the new community policies and recreations the nation is groping for. This is \\ Ork in which the schools should be co-leaders. thev fail to meet the call 1\e shall have still more of the duplication of e!Tort. and equipment,'with its consequent waste of energy and funds which makes much of our educational and social work so inefficient.








"The BI ue Bird" CAST OF CllARACTERS. T, It\ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... . ......... . I lelen Fichtenau. \ht~l. . . ............ .... ..... ... .............. . . Anna Bloom. Tlic 'Fain Brc lunc '\cighbo~1r Bcrlnigot · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · .\lartha Seeling. Dadd.' Tyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......... . ............. . ... . .. Ilugo \\'crncr. \ I umm\ T' I . . ...... . .............. . ............................ I lelcn Lawrence. T.\ lo, The bog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ll erbcrt Edd. T_, lette, The Ca t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... Carlton Alger. Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . ......... . ... . ... . . ... Charlotte Blanchard. \Vater ...... . ........ . .. . ........ .. ................ ... ..... Dorothy Youngman. Bread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... . ......... .. .. . llazcl Barel. Sugar . ...... . . .. . . ...... . ................. . ........ ...... .. .. Dorothy McKeown. \ I ilk .. . .... . ........ . ... . .. . ............. . ..... . ... ... ..... .. . . T\ l ilclred Gcrl icher. Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... .. .............. I rene Koclmel. Gaffer T .' I ......... ... ......................... .. ....... .. ..... Robert l\laxwell. Grnnm Td ..................... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ....... . .... . .... Alice clson. '\ ight ." .. ·. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roman a Thocni. Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allen Lipscomb. A Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gladvs Bender. The cighbour's Little Daughter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ada Whipps. T, ltYI's Brothers and Sisters, Other Children, The Tall Blue Persons, Stars, The Twelve Hours, Shades Ghosts, Sicknesses, Sleep and Death.

Our Class Play --- "The Blue Bird" Act I. Act I I. Act I ll. Act 1V. Act V.


The \\' ood-cu tter' s Cottage. Scene 1. The Fain·'s Garden. Scene 2. The Llncl of ~ l emon. The Pa 1ace of ight. Scene 1. The Cra\ e\ a rd. Scene 2. The kingdom of tht Future. Scene 1. Outside the Cottage. Scene 2. The Wood-cutter's Cottage.

IE Blm· Bird," one of the most beautiful imaginati' e plays eYer staged, ''as" ritten b., ..\ Iaurice :\ l acterlinck. The pia.\ is based upon the French conccpt'on of the Blue Bird as the bringer of happiness, and is '' ritten in such a wa.' that he '' ho reads or sees the pia' has a better iden of ho'' to find the Blue B irei for hi rnsel f. The pia~ has since been adapted to stor.' form b~· Georgette Leblanc ( \ ladame \ Iaurice \ laeterlind..) and published ''ith great success as "The Children's Blue Bird." \ laeterlind. is a great 10\ er of children. This is one reason ''In the children in "The Blue Bird" make such an appeal both to their 0\1 n kind and to grown-ups. l ie understands their frank simplicit.', their imaginati,·t• gt•nius, and tlwir inherent loYc of m.Ystt·r.' and "make-belieYe." l ie gi,·es ''onderful expression to this understanding through a most remarkable combination of S\ mbolism and realism in ''hat the children feel. Thus the atmosphere of the pia, is at <;nee so m.'·stic and so realistic that no one can read it'' ithout becoming in spirit a child himself, e:-.pcrienein~?; each real emotion just as the children do, e'en while he gets the deeper mystic meaning which the~· do not. The story of the play centers around the search of the two children, T.vltyl and i\ 1.' t,\ I, for the Blue Bird. In the introduction is written the folio\\ ing explanation: "The Blue Bird, in habitant of the Pat·s Bleu, the fabulous blue countn of our dreams, is an ancient symbol of the folk lore of Lorraine and stands for happiness." The pla~ is in realit.' a beautiful allcgon representing the search of each soul for that intangible vet great!.\ to be desi red somct hin?; called happiness. When the child ren, after search in?;' ainly· ever~·" here for the Bl ue Bird, flnall.'· find it in thei r own home, the allegory is complete, for true happiness comes from right seeking and can usual!.\ be found right at home. The play incidentally gives c~pression to :\ l acterlinck's sense of the c~istence of a soul in the anima ls and elements of nature. The ,·arious characteristics of these anima ls and dements, especial!.\ those that accompan.\ the children on their journey, arc so realisticall.' brought out that the reader can ne,·er again come in contact" ith them in their usual forms '' it hout seeing the t rue sp irit" hich ~1actc rl inck has called to life, just as t he c hildren do a fter their journey has ended. In t he scene in the forest, the fear and hostili t y of nature and the animals t<J\\ard man is also brought out, showing how the:- hate and conspire against him because he has conquered them, and how the, try to keep from him the secret of happiness. T.vlo, the Dog, is one of the most interesting and rea listic characters in the p ia.\. I lc alone, of all the animals, defends his "little Gods," the children, from the attacks of natu re and the other anima ls in the forest. li e conquers his fear in the Palace of Night to defend his little master when all the others desert (except the cat, '' ho has previously conspired ''ith 1ight to frighten the children). EYer.\ joy and e\Cr.\ sorrO\\ Tylo shares with his " little Gods" as if they ''ere his O\\ n, cYen though they sometimes turn against him in fa, or of his cnem.', the Cat. T.' lettc, the Cat, is true to life, most unlike t he blun t loyal Dog. l ie is diplomatic, proper, secreti,•e, and hypocritical. Cat lovers may be shocked at this characterization, yet if they stop to think, the.' must realize that they do not love the cat for its doglike de\'otion but rather for the very m~ stcry and diplomac~· of its sleek self. The Cat's dual character is illustrated by his seemingly a ffectionate demeanor in the presence of the children and by his dark conspiracies "ith the other animals and with his friend, 'ight, "hen the children are absent.

Bread, ;\ I ilk, Sugar, \Vatcr, Fire, and Light arc the other companions of the children on their journey. Each is made so human and yet so cha racteristic that it can ne,•er again become a mere inanimate thing to a reader of "The Blue Bird." Bread, a portly, slow, comical gentleman, is the constant companion of \lilk, a sweet, sh.\·, and ve ry pretty lad~. Sugar is a tall slender fellow with SU!!:ar stick fingers who falls deeply in love with Water, a beautiful maiden, but ver.Y pale and sad. This Io,·e affair pro,·es most unfortunate for Sugar, since he melts visibly e,·ery time he comes near her. llot tempered Fire is the s'' orn enemy of Water but is rather afraid of her, consequent!.\ beha,·es himself most of the time. Beautiful Light, symbolizi ng wisdom, is the children's most valuable friend and greatest helper in their search for the Blue Bird. To all of these companions T.) ltyl and i\[ytyl become greatly attached. The scenes in "The Blue Bird" are remarkable in their imaginative beauty and in the wonderful stage effects produced. In the scene in the !!:nl''eyard, for instance, the tombstones totter at midnight, the gra,·cs open, and out of them- in place of the ghostly phantoms one C:\pects - come thousands of beautiful lilies growi ng up and up in perfect beauty. Amid the golden hearts of the flowers the bees buzz gail.\·, the birds carol happil.\, and a wonderful soft perfume floats out into the surrounding air. The flowers arc the sou ls of the dead. Another beautiful mvstical scenc is that in which the children visit the Land of 1\[emory. At first a hazy mist em;elops the Land. Then, as Tyltyl turns the magic diamond, t11c mist slowly rises, re,·caling the simple cottage of Grandad and Grann_v Tyl just as it used to be before their death. The beautiful idea expressed in this scene is that as soon as you think of anyone who has left you here on earth and has gone to the L'tnd of !\[emory, that person will at once be called to life and live on in this L'tnd of 1\lemory as long as you think of him. Thus in this play, as soon as Tyltyl and :\lytyl mention or even think of thei r Grandad or Granny, or their little dead brothers and sisters, they at once awa ken as living natural people with whom the children can talk and play just as they d id before. In the Kingdom of the F uturc, T yltyl and My tyl arc shown the little bl ue children yet unborn . Eac h child has some particular gift which he will bring to earth an invention, a sickness, or perhaps a work of a rt - which is to be his contribution to the world. T yltyl and Myty l even discover their little unborn brother who is to bring three sic knesses and then leave them. While they a rc talking to the blue children, Father Time appears to summon the children whose turn it is to be born. As these children arc carried away to ea rth on the great ship of Father Time, the songs of the mothers come floating up from far below, welcoming the little children who are coming to them that day. These three scenes arc cited for their surpassing beauty, but they by no means exhaust the wonderful scenes of the play. Perhaps nothing can give a better idea of the beautiful idealism and symbolism of the who le play than Light's message to the children when their journey is ended: "i.istcn, Tyltyl, do not fo rget, child, that everyt hing that you see in this \\orld has neither beginning nor end. If you keep this thought in your heart and let it grow up w:th you, you will always, in a ll circumstances, know "hat to say, what to do and what to hope for ... . .. .. I have not a ,·oiec like Water. 1 have on I~ my brightness," hich man does not understa nd . .. . ... But I watch over him to the end of my days. . .. ... . ner forget that I am speaking to you in every spreading moonbeam, in every twinkling star, in c,·en dawn that r ises, in every lam p that is li t, and in C\'ery bright thought of your soul."

If am of ,1·ou find tbe ''Blue Bird,'' tci/1 1·ou !-!ire bim to us? \\"e need bim for our bappiness.


Society Get- together Party E of the greatest griefs ou r J uniors encounter is homesickness. 1\:o" ·· we of this school use a device kno'' n as the "Big Sister :\Iovcment" wh ich is g uaranteed to overcome this malady in a single afternoon. The first Saturday of the fall term ewr~ Senior took a Jun ior for a little sister and escorted her to the party on t he blufTs. We all carried our lunches in little paper sacks and hiked in groups led by :\I iss Shambaugh, ;\ l r. I !olzingcr and l\I iss Richards. The various g roups met at the pa,·ilion across the lake and ate supper '' ith the usual picnic hilarit~. Everyone spoke to c,·eryone else with no th ought of forma lity a nd the result '' as that th e happiest kind of relationships were started.


Fa cui ty Reception " ufT said" but the Ia" requires that we say some more. This is an annua l e' ent but it onl.Y lasts for a couple of hours, so lend )OU r car for just o ne minute. First we shook ha nds with all of ou r superior " ossifers," each one of us being duly presented by :\t iss Slifer. Then we sort of mixed a round a little and dran k as many glasses of punch as \\C could get. Of course, :\ l rs. J oh nston made us sing a little to "sho" ofT" for the teachers. Then we all went home feeling very well acquainted wi t h "Prexy" and all the rest.

D ance at Morey H all

Yes! orchestra, cats, faculty dancing, n'cverything. We '' ere all dressed up in our best and danced ''ith all the faculty t he onl.' c hance wc\e e\cr had to ''hispcr sweet somethings in their cars in rq?;ard to "A's" and so forth. \Ve had dancing in the dining room fro m eight to eleven and upstairs in the living room \\C found many clever entertain ments. We heard the wonderful Crazeola Victrola, found out about a man·elous fat and thin rcmcd\· and took part in 'arious games and contests. Whe n "e had all danced and pia.' eel to our heart's content '' e were served coffee and doughnuts. Then we "ent home, joyously proclaiming that !\lorey I fall's first dance was a decided success. \I iss Richards, fully real!zing this, promised us more of these informal dances throughout this year and all succcedmg yea rs.

Senior Valentine Party This part.\· was a long time in coming but when we finallJ had it we certain !.' felt well repaid for our long wait. The T ra ining School gymnasium was beautifully decorn ted \\ith cupids, hearts and greenery. T o get a good start we, teachers and all, played "Looby Loo," "Three Deep" and other 'igorous games. The next thing on the program was charades on the names of the fac ulty. Two sides, captained by \ l iss Shambaugh and 1\ l rs. J ohnst on competed in g uessi ng these cha rades. The last of the program was four Yalentinc dances. The first of these was a 'alent inc skeleton dance "h ic h proYcd almost fata l for the poor --r I



• skeletons as the lights went on at the I HOng time. Then t11 eh-e little girls and boys came out of a big reel heart and did a very pretty ribbon dance. George Washington and ;\lartha danced the minuet for us very daintil.v. Then a little valentine "niggah" stepped out of the heart and into our hearts with a Dixie dance '' hich we enjo,·cd verv much. The little boys and girls, alias prospecti1·c teachers, sen·ed us delicious ice cream· cones from big red hearts and then the pa rty was o1·er. Everyone certain ly must have had a good time as we heard many people sa.v that this part~· was the best one of the year. :\1. l\ 1Al'.;\;ERL D.

The Circus OU missed a lot of fun if .IOU didn't go to the gymnasium on the twent.l·-eighth of ;\ In rch for the circus given by the Ph:, sica! Education department. \\'e hnd everything in our ci rcus that you ever saw or heard of in a "really t ruly" one and a 11hole lot more. J ust to mention a few things: - there 11ere side shows; a band that outplayed any band .''Ou ever heard, e1·en the ".Kilties ;" and, oh yes the clo'' ns, of course! Beside all that there was a rare exhibition of tumblers and several e:-..hibition dances, among them an l ndian dance, a Jocke.v dance, a quadrille and the most original clown dance you can imagine. There was a merry-go-round, too- we mustn't forget that- and who e1·er heard of a circus of any note without performing animals? Ours could do 'most nnything from jumping through hoops and turning somersau lts to playing leap frog. After ~.II this 11e were taken to the minstrel show and sure enough minstrels the.) 11ere, too. llo11 we did enjoy their clever little so ngs and jokes on the faculty! The audience 11as made up large!.'· of the ormal students who turned out in hundreds. l lowever, a few ladies from the countr_1· came in just in t ime for the pa rade. ;\liss Gi ldemcister took this opportunity to bring her mother, Uncle Joe,and little Ells11orth and Gay. The children see med especially delighted 11 ith the clowns and the peanut man. Just by way of explanation, this circus was worked up by l\ l iss Shambaugh in her gymnasium classes. She arranged the stunts so that a ll students in the depnrtment cou ld take part which made the eYcnt particularl.' interesting and ,·alunble. o costumes were used e:-..ccpt the regulation gymnasium su its and masks nnd the complete make-up and "get-up" of the minstrels. l\ 1. L. I 1.


Editorial TUDE TS come to this school from a ll parts of the state to get the neccssar.' trainin g a good teacher can not a ITord to be "ithout. From time to time new courses ha \'C been added to the lists of courses already gi,en . \\'hen the war broke out the all important q uestion how best to spend leisure t ime \\as brought to the a ttention of our great educators. All the athletic apparatus that cou ld be collected was sent to our military trai ning camps, as a partial a nswer to the question abo\'e. Through the usc of this material and apparatus the boys not only learned how to pia~· man y ath letic games but also lea rn ed the value of s uch games. ow the war is on:r and we arc reconstructing our educational s~ste ms. The lesso ns learned in time of \\<tr arc now being appl ied to our sc hool system. This spring a new cou rse, pro,·iding for specializa tion in ath letics, was added to our curriculum. A few st udents interested in this \\·ork entered the new classes. Under the leadership of :O.lr. Dillon and t\liss Shambaugh these students will get the ,·cry best training possible for th is line of \\Ork. c't year the course wi ll be fu lly established and man.' 11C\\ and ambitious Juniors \\ ill enroll for this line of work.


Basketball EVER before in the history of athletics in Winona ormal school, did the prospects of a good basket-ball team look more"glum,"than this season. There were few men in school, but as Uncle Sam discharged his soldiers, old and new students began to come one by one. During the holidays Coach T. 0. Dillon was discharged from the service. lie once more took up his duties as athletic director and called a meeting of all the men in the school. About eight men responded to the call. Coach Dillon and the men felt quite discouraged at the prospects, but the.v showed the same old fighting spirit which always marked the ath letics of Winona Normal, and went to build a machine that wou ld come up to the standard of former years. For a nucleus, Coach Dillon used Captain Baldwin, the only ,·eteran of last season, and Robert ~Iaxwell, a former high school star. Arrangements "·ere made for four games in" hich we split fifty-fifty. The first game was "ith Eau Claire Normal at Eau Claire. We lost, the score being .}2 to 2..j.. The next game, "hich "e won, was with Cotter ll igh School in the Normal gym. The score \\aS 19 to I8. The third game was "ith an "All Star" bunch, the "Ascensions." This game, although a little rough, resulted 21 to I8 in our favor. The fourth and hardest fought game was a return game with Eau Claire; teamwork and speed on both sides were the features of the game. The score was 2..j. to 32 against us. At the opening game the line-up \\aS as follows: Capt. Baldwin, right-forward; Bambend.., left-forward; Alger, center; Werner, right-guard; l\laxwell, left-guard. L1ter in the season Alger had to discontinue pla.ving the game on account of outside occupations, so Capt. Bald" in took his place at center and Arthur \\'acholz, a Yeteran of last season who had returned from the arm_y took up the vacant post at right-forward. So out of a few men, Coach Dillon built a team of basket tossers, of about the usual standard of the school. To his tireless efforts and coaching we owe the success of our 1919 basket-ball team.




Cecil Baldwin, Captain and Center. To Cecil's p;oocl leadership and fast pia~ ing we O\\ e the "inning of most of our games. \lore than once his neYer failing lighting spirit aroused his team-mates to do their best at the most important point of the game, \\ ithout doubt Cecil is in a class by himself'' hen it comes to pla~· ing basketball. We hope to have him with us again next year. Arthur Wachholz, Right-fon,ard. "A friend in need is a friend indeed." This old worn quotation sure fills the bill ''hen it comes to "Carp." He came when he ''as most needed. The basketball fans hea~cd a .,igh of relief" hen the ''ell known form of "Carp" romped out on the floor. The coming of "Carp" no doubt saved the team. J\ like Bambenek, Left-forward. Valuable "stuff" sure came in a small package, \\hen "~1ike" made his first appearance on the lloor. ".\like" has never failed to "cage" a long shot when it was most needed. I lis playing'' ill go clown in the history of athletics in the Winona ormal. llugo Werner, Right-guard. This is " H uck's" fi rst season at basketball, but the way he goes at it, you would think he was an old hand at the game. When our opponents came charging do" n the lloor, the.\ seemed to hit a stone wall "hen in the 'icinity of " Hucks." I le mi"Xecl just enough of his football experience with his basketball to make the game interesting. Robert \ lax,,ell, Left-guard. "Bob" is the little bunch of speed, "ho always breaks up our opponents' pia) s, and brings the ball back within safe region. It is "Bob's" team-work that makes the pia\ ing of the team like the \\Ork of so many "cogs" in a" heel. He seldom fails to get his two or three baskets each game. \\'e look for him to be back next year.




191 8

Baseball ITI I only a handful of men to start with, Coach Dillon opened Spring Athletics by making an urgent call for baseball enthusiasts, this being the first baseball team in the ormal school history. A diamond was resurrected on what has latch been the football field, and practice was held every e,·ening. • The season opened with a game with the Cotter High nine. This contest ga,-e us our first victory, and helped to arouse more interest in the tea'll . Several nc'' men were added, and then we traveled over to Faribault, and met the fast Shattuck l\Tilitary school team of t hat city. We were handed a defeat in a royal fash ion, and we left Shattuck feeling that we had met a team that really knew baseball. Cotter then played us a return game and we defeated them by a large score. Then St. ~ Iary's College turned the trick on us, and evened things up by beating us 12 to 3· This game will be remembered as the fifty-fifty game, for this closed our season, and left us with two wins and two defeats to our credit. This season, although short, marks the re,·ival of this sport in our school. 'ow that new students have been secured, it is hoped that the season of 1919 will be a boost to the athletics of Winona Normal.


As T hey Were I larold Prosser, Catcher. "Babe" holds the record of being the hardest hitter on the team. 11 is work in the St. ;\ lary's game ,,jll be remembered, as it helped to hold the score do"n, immensely. Rav Stahman, First-base. Ou~ lank.v "Brew," covered the initial sack, and pulled down the high ones "ith his trusty "cloud-hook." Earl Baker, Second-base. 1f the big leagues saw " Bake" romp a round the second pillow, he wou ld have his future cut out for him . His fie lding saved more than one run. Tlugo Werner, Pitcher. "One, two, three, batter out!" That was "I I uck's" speed in ever.\ game. I le was on the mound in all the games for the Purple and \\'hitc. \\'e hope to sec him break into league ball in the ncar future. Robert Stevens, Center-field. When we needed a hit, "Bob" always got it. The way he could pick on· Texas leaguers, was a marvel. Bennet M organ, Short-stop and Manager. When it comes to pep and fast fielding " Ben" sure cou ld deliver the goods. Although contending with injuries he managed to show us what a little pep and determination can do by becoming one of the best players on the team. Ra lph Calkins, Right-field. "Calk's" speed on the bases and agility in the pasture, brought him a great deal of recognition bv the fans. He is a promising star for ncll.t season, and much interest is centered in his de,·elopment. George Arndt, Third-base. That t hird is a yer.'· important post was proYed severa l times by "Georgie." Though small in stature he showed himself great in ability. Arthur Sebo, Fielder. Although a man "ith little previous experience "Art" showed quickness in learning. He used" hat he learned to ad,·antage when he met the Germans in France. Ignatius Kubricht, Left-field . .\ lore than once while standing out among the daisies, " lggie" was taken to be asleep, bu: proved himself to be awake bv being under the "pill" when it fell to the earth. Claire Eischen. Our bub.Y elephant relieved Prosser as catcher, and helped the team mater ially.


Girls' Athletics Don't thcv look like good times? And yet they show only a very small part of what we rcally .do in gymnasium. I Ie re arc a few more: BASKET BALL

You need only to turn to the pictures of the Junior and Senior teams to get an idea of \\hat has gccn done. There were three games held to determine the class championsh ip for the yea r. The first was played February 7th a nd the Juni ors got it on the Seniors 25 to 19! On Februar~ q th the Seniors waked up a bit and made it a 25 to 20 score with the big end for their sha re. Imagine the anxiety when February 28th, the date of the final game, came a round! Although this game was far from being a model for team work, the Seniors managed to shove their end of the score up to 17 against the Jun iors 11, thus claiming the championship. VOLLEY BALL

There was not as much made of this game as of basket-ball but several of the gymnasiu m classes chose it to make a li ve ly time of both in the gymnasium and on t he campus courts. BASE BALL

This \las a great fa,¡orite among the fall and spring classes and several stars ''ere disco\ creel '' ho stand as proof that baseball was not intended for the men of ou r school a lone. Elkn \lehalek prowd to be our biggest little player and how she can p lay! S\\

ll\11111 ;-..G

The pool perhaps, was after all the most popular place, for who doesn't enjo_\ a good A remarkable thing about the

~''im or ewn a cool "splash" after a hard cia~ 's work?






• l;wimmin~ classes is that their members learn to S\\ im in so short a time. Than b to perseverance on the part of both ~I iss Shambaugh and the ~iris, at the end of the ''inter term all those registered in the classes, ''ith the exception of three, could swim with some little skill. A swimming meet is to be held at the Y. \\'. C. A. as soon as the pool is a\ ailable. Catherine Thompson, Gertrude Garrigan, Rc~ina Tcitenbcrg and Claire Reuter are C\.pected to pull ofT some intcrestin~ stunts.


Three games ''ere played on the campus during the fall term. Were they worth while? Ask "the" hockey players, Willa Locb,oocl, Esther Nelson, or i\lar.v Fitzgerald. TE:-.:1'15

Practisi ng against the ''all! \\'ho ever heard of that? Yet that is what the class shown above has been doing until the cou rts were in condition and we expect t hem to sho'' us wh)· at the tournament. \\'e arc soon to see the result of this great interest the girls took in keeping up their practice. During the fall Florence Elson, Leone Smith and Charlotte Thomas played especially good games and we expect them to help Ji,·en up the tournament. THACK

On your line! Get set! Yes, the,· were all ready to go when '' c caught them. \\'ho can tell'' hich one of them'' ill be our ftrst place 11:irl at the meet? T''O of the other pictures belong to the meet as well, with the javelin and basketball throws. These track events were new to man.\ of the students but here, too, people of remarkable ability came to the front. \\'ho would have thought that she could run like that?

The girls abel\ e doing that gracefu l balance stunt represent the I ndian dancers at the circus. It s hows something of what dancing in the K\ mnasium can be. Bes ide the dancing as regular class \\Ork, there ''as a special class for those interested in interpretative dancinp;. The members of this class assisted at man\ of the social functions of the vear and ''ill fur· · nish the dancin~ for the class pia~·. At some time during the sprin11: term the class'' il l gi,·e an out-of-door program. The.' ''ill present s uch interpretati,·c dances as" ature Studies of Seroba" includinp; "Dawn," "Birds Awake," "Shepherds Pipe," Dais~ Chain" and "Sunset.'' !li KING

I Io'' can I C\Cr ,,·alk sc,·ent\·-five miles? That was the common cr.' among the gi rls. But we all wanted our monogram·s and ''e needed the point!;. That's why we hiked at first. Who knows ho,,· far it is to Le,,·iston? Guaranteed answer: "Eighteen miles, and there's a fi,·e-thirty tra in back."

\\'. B. A. A. The \\'omen's Branch of the Athletic Association is no longer n mere length~ appellation. We're up and doing this yea r. The association ,,·as organized in the fall '' ith Claire Reuter, president; Ruth ystrom, vice president; Anna Aske, secretary; and Romana Thoeni, treasurer. lt was decided that instead of pa_,·ing clues each member should be required to earn flft~· points toward her monogram before entering the ranks. Because of the rcorp;anization each Senior was a''arded the points required for her membership. The girls arc steadil) working toward the hund red point goal and the monogram.



, f

Our 1918-1919 Graduates URING the year beginning September 3, 1918 and end ing July 25, 1919, the Winona Normal School expects to have graduated from the ,·arious depa rtm ents of the school somev. here in the neighborhood of one hundred forty or fifty graduates, fitted to teach in the schools of this sta te. By the close of this year in July , diplomas will ha, e been granted on se,·en different occasions. The first class to be graduated this year was a class of five, name!.): Oda Dreblow, Frances Hutchinson, l\lary Quigley, Dorothy Sherwood and Anna Uglum. The exercises were held on Friday even in g, ovember 28, 191 8, in the Normal School Asse mbly Hall. The music was furnis hed by the Normal School Chorus under the leadership of ,'vlrs . J ohnston. SuperintendentS. S. H a rtwell of St. Paul, gave the address of the evening on, "The Present Trend In Education." Director Somsen presented diplomas. Two more occasions upon "hich diplomas were presented were on the graduation of }.I iss ;'\ largueretta Reyno lds, on F rida.v before school ''as closed for the Christmas holidays, and the graduation of :\!iss Pauline Lemme, on Frida.' which marked the middle of the winter term, January 2-!, 1919. President l\laxwell presented both diplomas in the presence of the ormal School faculty and students. The Graduation exercises for the close o f the winter term were held in the Asse mbly Room of the Normal School on Thursday evening J\ l areh 7, 1919. The program was unlike any program at our previous grad uation exercises. This implies that it was unusual It ''as. It was also exceedingly interesting and instructi ve to all. The program consisted of a sy mposium review of theN. E. A. held at Chicago. President :\laxwell, :\lr. Gaylord, ! iss Sutherland, }.!iss Gildemeister, i\lr. Lowr.)·, ;\l iss Trites, 1\lr. Reed, a nd i\liss Richards each brought to the gathering a brief, concise, worthwhile review of some of the outstanding addresses given at the convention . All of the reports focused in one idea, the idea that the teaching profession is growing so that one needs adequate preparation to teach. The Mendelssohn Club assisted bv :\1iss Potter, and the Normal school Quartette, furnished the mus ic for the even ing. The 'music was exceptionally fine and made us realize that we need not go outside our school for musical talent on special occasions. President Maxwell presented t\\clve diplomas at this time. They went t('): Stella Adams, Florence Bruns, Alm a Churchill, Viola Dahl, ll azel Dey ling, Florence Fellows, Adelaide Gallagher, l\lary I Iealey, Frances Hurlburt, Alberta Johnson, Ruth _.,·strom and J\laq?;aret Robb. Another mid-term graduation took place at the middle of the spring term in April. l\liss Alice Baehr and .\Irs. W a rd completed their \\Ork at the 'ormal School at this t ime with as much respect and ceremony as if a class of fift.' had been graduating. By far the largest part of the class expects to fini sh in June, though a goodly number will finish at the close of summer school in July. For the names of th ese turn to the pictures in the front of the book.




I IE the curtain "goes up" at the Opera I louse, o n the afternoon of Ju ne 6, 1919, you'll see us sitting there in stra ig ht rows, looking as teachers ought to look. We'll a ll be ill at ease, except those ''ho have been too ''ell at "E's" and they ''on't spoil the effect because the~· will have to stay at home. E,·crybody ''ill be all fixed up '' ith flo,, ers and e\ erything a nd ~ ou ''ill be sayi ng: " I low well ~I iss - looks;" "Why there's i\liss ! She'll never make a teacher;" Is n' t it too bad !iss-hasn't '' hite shoes; s he is the on!) one \\Caring black ones." The n t he piano will begin to pla.v and ;\Jrs. J ohnston '' ill stand before us s miling her best smi le. \Vc will sin g just beautifully. Then :\lr. :\la.\\\ell ''ill introduce the speaker. I Ic will make a fine speech sayi ng ma ny pleasant things about us and the ''ay the teachers arc making the world go a round. We will appla ud enthusiastically and then look over t o the seats being occupied b~ our relatives to sec if the.' look as if they arc proud of us. Then :\lr. Somscn will say, "1 .. congratulate . you ... . .. upon . having . . . . . earned ..... these. . . diplomas . ..... . It . . . . . makes ...... me ...... happy . . . . . to . . . . present. ..... them . . . to . . . . . . you ." Then ''e will ha,·e to pay close attention because our names'' ill be read and it will be extreme[.' important that we recognize the pronunciation of them. At last will come the benediction; our own hearts ''ill be most thankful. Then Commencement will be over and there will not be one among us '' ho is not read.\ to commence.



' Jn

Their \li/Jer Nomenls. -__ \

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fiRST PUBLI( 1\Ff'fllRANCE. c:;,_-- ·- .

These are the people who have made ou r book possible. Show them tha t it p ays t o ad vertise.

Ou r Advertisers K line, I I. B .

Baile,\ and Baile.' Baker & Steinbauer Bard, A. \ 1. Bastian Bros. Ba.' State .\l illing Co. Botsford Lumber Co.

.\lc.\ lanus, 0. J . \ I orrison- \ I iller Palace of S" ccts Pa.' ne, .\ I. Potter, .\ l i-;s S. \ 1. Rademacher, \\' m.

Campbell Confcctionar'.' Choate & Co.

Ro.ntl Confectionar.' SchafTcr Clcnning \ \ 'orb Schuler Bakcn Shelton, \ Irs. ' . I I. Stager, Ceo. B. Thomas Charles Co. United Engnn inf,!; Co.

Colonial, The Cutler Studio Dair.' Lunch D. L. Auld Co. Dobb:. Studio Emporium, The Fashion, The Fulton \ larket llardt':. Art Store I larch' ick \ I ilk Depot ll ittncr, L. E. llolclcn, \Y. F. I ntcrstate .\ I ere. Co. Kissling & Son

Van \franken Studio Von Rohr, John \ \ 'hitford Confectionan¡ \\' illiarns Book Store \\'illiams Co. Winona Floria! Co. \\'inona Steam Launcln \ \'inona State Normal Sc:hool \\'ruck & Gate;




Things That Never H appen \Irs. Chorpcnning foolish and gidd~. E,·ery ,\ lore\ I fall girl ha,·ing a date. Ralph Calkins without a ,-iolcnt crus h. o soup on Suncla~· night. l\lary !leafy in a grouch. Henry not talking to the gi rls. Bedroom slippers and breakfast caps in the .\Iorey I fall dining room . .\ lore~· I fall girls sneaking a night's rest at \\'est Lodge. The store during study hours "ithout a ormal Light. Absolute quiet on third. Florence Elson losing sight of \ liss Slifer. \larjorie Butler getting tripleD in teaching. Elsie getting enough to cat. Her b Ed not strutting. Carlton Alger looking intelligent. Anna Bloom in ja ke with ,\ Iiss Richard:-.. Alma Kegel not dolled up. \ lr. ;\ la:-.wcll dancing . .\lr. .\ loor<~ singing the h.' mns . .\lildred II. and llelcn F. to breakfast on time.

Popular Song Hits ".\ h · Lo\ er lie Comes on a Skii" Bernice H ills. " If! On lY I lad a Beau I Io" Good To I li m l'cl Be." - Ida \lac Chance. " Home Sweet I lome." - Leone Smith. ''I'll Sa\ She Docs." · .\ Iurie( \ Iiller. 'Till \\;c .\lcet Again ." - Helen L'l\\ renee. "Smiles." Gcrt Garrigan. "She's the Grcntest .\ lother of All." - Erdine Ward. "Sweet Little Buttercup. " - Evelyn Eldred. ".\la rv." - ~ ! iss Sli fer. "Pa 0' ,\ line." - t\ labcl Fairbanks and Ru th Carlson. "Au Rc,·oir, But Tot Goodbye." - Seniors. "Goodbve, Good Luck, God ·Bless You." - Facu(t,. "For .\1~· Bo, And Your Bov." - D . D's. · "I Ain't Got Weary Y ct." . . :.__ i\bry Fitzgerald. "Believe ;\ lc I f All Those Endearing Young C harms." - r:lorencc Beissel. " Love's Old Sweet Song." - Gladys Bender. " When Dreams Come True." - M a rga ret \Vagen hals. " The Boys l Left Behind i\ k. " - Charlotte Thomas.


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Established 1859


4500 Graduates



• • Olferscou~es:o:achers' Junior

E::0~~~::~::::al and Special Transfer to University or Professional School


~ ·~

•••• ··


•• t · =· =· ==·



uip:::~a;h~::i:~~i::~aried \York of High Grade

Expens~:~:: Serviceable ~ g~~ ~~cs~::~:~~::~~;::~:n!c~:':~:~~u;~~:~:~:~l =~~c: : ; Send acatalo~ ror


•• • •• I

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The Ideal Girl must havc:\lartha Seeling's dignity. Mildred Harder's winning wa~ s. Agnes Steele's artistic a bility. Alice Baehr's accommodating manners. Esther elson's teaching abi lit~. Erdine Ward's common sense. Hazel Bard's sense of humor. Blanche I Icllickson's eYes. Leone Smith's nose. · J eanette La France's voice. Lucile Scanlan's'' it. Dorothy Youngman's grace. Ga il Powell's executiYe abilitY. :\lar.v Fitzgerald's disposition~ Anna Bloom's coquettishness. Florence Beissel's line o f talk. i\lil :\lannerud's ~tylc. Florence E lso n's ha ir. G ladv's Bender's abil itY t o pia,:. the uke. · D orotln Coc's abilitY to blufL Bob i\l a:\\\ell's blusl~es.

0 X

F 0 R D


It i~n't nftl·n that you will lind ease and st., ll· so perfectly combined a~ in thc~e new " John Kelly" m.fords for womt•n.

You ~ h ou ld v isi t ou r ~tore and s<'t' how carefu lly and prettily these sho('s a rc made a nd how well t hey fit.

: :,:~::~::~~:~~;;,;;;,:::·: I

"i\ l ultiplication is vexation Algebra is as bad. Geograph.) perplexes me, And llisto r.v dri\ cs me mad."


Toilet Necessities and Perfumes Our stock of Toilet Article:;

• ~~·:Pit::~;;;::~.~~~ •



il, , , , , , , :,~,~: ~: : : :,~: ,: :~,~:,: , , , ,

.\lYSTER I ES ABOUT SCI fOOL D orothy Coe's ma rks . .\liss Fficha rd 's age. Who sings so loud in chapel. \lrs. J ohnston's ties. \Vh~ a ll of the girls like t o take the fellows to church on Sunda.) nights. Who belongs to that brown suit. Whose sheepskin Blanc he \\Cars. The chapel bell had runf!;, The hymn had been sung. But still no leader there in sight It ~-J;a' e us such a n aw l'ul fri 12;ht \\'hen all of a sudden our President came \Ve kn ew not then who \\CIS to bla me. And 1\liss Gildemeister came in the rear So we hnd nothing further to fear. \\ e ''aited to hear some \Oice boom- " \\ il l you kindlY ' ' ithclra'' from the room?'' · But rules a nd regulations '' it h aut hority It seems do not apply to the Faculty. 'Tis ' ' rong fo r any mai d to be abroad at night alone, A chaperon she needs until she can call some chap-her-O\\ n.

CLASS \\'ILL \\ c the Seniors bequeath to the Ju niors: 1. Our tender sy mpath ies in t lwir trials and the consoling th ought that they'' ill sometime become Seniors. 2·. To the Critic Teachers the rcmindl'r that the qualit1 of critic classc..; depends upon th e food ser\'ecl_at noon. , 3· T o \lrs . Chorpennmg a yea r s rest, so that the students can catch up '' ith her. 4· To \Tiss Shambaugh an automatic g.\ m class. 5· To :'\lr. .1\!a:-.,,eJl- ,,e lea~·c a n~o'>t sincere'' ish that he can so me time aflorcl a ne11· se t of In mn books. 6. To \I iss. Richards the mcmon of our SIICet, quiet, and retiring 11:11::.. \Irs. J ohnston - "A mnid mu'>t n<•t t ,_ pect such lo1 ers as she linds in book-,. foc11 men arc paragons." Bernice knopp "Oh, I shou ld not t''pcct a paragon. I'll be satisllcrl "ith ;1 lo1 cr, handsome, hra' e, nnble and sellish. '' t\ liss Shambaugh -"At ease!" Student "I'm alwa.\S that 11a.' ."

:;~;~: : ~: ~: :;

! :::: ::::: !! f ~~',::~~";";~;~~;:: ~:. ' H :·::

Call and

S l'l'

our line o f T<·nnis Goods. P110'-L .p(j

t: I~: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : ~ .: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : <~

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to lou ll~ S rr-HII '-G on 1 our Sn 1 Fll.

\Vo hm p>ofcss;ooal ""'.'"""


r,,. cnch


~ ~f

Depa rtment.


KODAK We carr~- a full line of Eastman Kodaks and Supplies .

/ am b~ck f rom tbe

Tn our most modern K odak Finishing Deann_\.



studio pa;·tmcnt for prompt and careful sen ice

ts open and at your sert'tce.



' 1861

Beuer M erch a ndise for Less Money


H. Choate & Co.

All ThAt is NewAlways Here First


YOU CAN ALWAYS DO BETTER AT CHOATES O ur Ne w !:uit s- Coats-capes-Dresses- Skirts, e tc., an· exclush·c and distinctive-styles-fabrics and charm of color nil an· in keeping wit 1 the ideals of the H. Choate & Co. To be Ahead and keep Ahea J is our Aim. FEATURING AND S PECIALIZING S ILKS - Strictly Hi!(h (;radc Silks Black and colors· Plnm and Fancy ·at low""' pos.•ible price. DRESS GOODS- In all tne ,·ery latest wean-s and colorings. Our ~Jono-Exclush·e Styles-but not cxclusi,·c nor


~~~::~. "~""" ~

:::: 'ihowindg



Lis!...• and Cf>t- ~=~= ton f<>r ''"... ', l•·n ···· ·:-:

:::::::: -;ivc nn orhona


l!ll :;:: :·:·

strk-. at mo l(·rate prices.

GWn '

lfm,·n"',-•."1 1 ''F~rnc·nncrlhl)~!',.'clcst"!~ " _,


~'~ ~'~-; <: :,:.' : "~';~\: .~,~ ~ \~ ,:e: :,: :.: :; ;!f;: ~: UNDERWEAR-r~or ~lc:n -\Vunu·n and Chilclrl'Jl in c:vcrv wanted


and 1111


( ~)~:~~~ ~t~~:t~:H!.r~::~ ~i:~~~c~,~~~~:_i:~;:l;.~~r::;,.,~~~·c~:.;;~~ ~~t~:_::T';!1;; ~r~~t~~·~:f:!!~:~ rE*:

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On!)· r<-liauk an.! <k· :-:·


: : . ~ ; ~ · : ~ · ; : , ; ~ : ~ 2 ~ ; ; . ; ~ · : v : ~ ~ ; : : : : ; I ~\ \: : : : ~ ;: : ~;: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : ~ :~:i: :~: : :~:=~~;::: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : !~ ! 93


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~~~~~!~::~~?~:~~~;~~~ i

~ ~h:~ :~!;~i!,~ F;: :,~£:~ ,~,~i~: ~ ~; ._

up to the Beautiful Al'\SCO DeLUXE taking a picture 3 14 x 5 1 2 inches. We also ha,·e film for every sir.e both Eastman and .-\nsco and if you do your own finishing we ha\·e the paper ancl chemicals best suited to your needs. Yes. we will do your finishing if you wish.

=·.=··_:._ ... =.= __ ..

Lives of Sen iors all remind us, We shou ld stri,·e to do our best, And departin~ leave behind us, Note books that "ill help the rest. Breathes there a man '' ith soul so dead \\' ho ne,·er to himself has said, As h<• stubbed his toe a~ainst the bed, ! ! ! ? ? ? Practise Teacher-"\\'hat arc the different va rieties of beans?" Pupi l- "1 don't know." P. T eacher-"Don't :vou kno" beans?' He met her in the evening W hen the sun was setting low; The_v walked along together In the twi light afterglow; She waited until gently lie had lowered all the bars l ler soft eyes bent upon him, As radiant as the stars; She neither smiled nor thanked hirn, In truth she kne'' not ho'' For he was just a farme r's lad, And she-a J erse) Cow.


• P~t\LACE




Telephone 1109-J

68 '\'csl Third Street

FULL OF G I 'GER. Johnnv had a little clog, Ancf Ginger ''as his ·name, He got hit b_v an auto car, Which made him kind of lame. "Will he bite?" a stranger asked, And Johnny said, "Perhaps, You see sometimes he's gentle, But sometimes ''Ginger snaps."


NOTICE ''ish to announce that I have purchased the studio of Arthur E. Dobbs and will continue to run it

WHOSE?? The Editor, at annual stan· meeting"Don't vou th in k so. Bob? - - - Hey, Bob! Wake up!" Bob, startled " ll uh?- - -What's that?- -" Editor " \\'hat do you think?" Bob- " ! I didn't hear, I \\aS (dreamily) thinking about Cedar Chests."


~ lOREY I fALL f{OO~ L



;:~~:E~ l~ ~ ~ : : :i.~,:} •


this studio is noted.

• • . :~~:~'~P:':";:~~~t:: I



Curious Junior "Can an-' of _,ou gi'e me a scientific reason for this troco melting?" Logi~·a l Senior "The vibrntion of the molecules."

~1~1: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1:\ ~ If You Want


cents worth of


Remember Th is Name and Place WRUCK & GATES, 75 West T hird Street "FOOT F ITTERS" Sc~

Winona, \ l inn.

Our "A reb Presen·er" Shoes ror Teachers and Students


TEN SCIIOOL CO:\ll\IAl\oD:\ lE TS. 1 . llonor thy instructors that the\' ma\' mark high on thy report ca rd. ' • 2. Thou ~halt not work all the time, for t il\ ht·ad ''ill wax gra\.

3· ·r hou shalt not tn to make thy brother Ia uJ[h while he reci td h.


•\ cld to the pleasure



You can cut the high cost of living by iron ing your own





Thou shalt not che\\ gum



~. Thou sha It not "h i..,p~r, for '\ l r. \Ja ,"ell "ill hear thee.

6. Thou shalt not be cli.,couraged "hen a red mark appears on til\ paper, for that ink co-.ts more. -. Thou shalt not tal..(' the names of

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schoo Iroom.

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tl1\ instr uctors in ,·ain. 8. Thou sha lt not help th' srlf to things "h ich belong to ot hers. C). Thou shalt not sleep 1n the class room.

1o. Thou shalt not c:..hibit childish habits before thy instructors.

Make a Cedar Chest


Cedar \Yood was known fo r its beauty, magnificance, and longe,·ity before t he Greek an d R omans Civilization. The Cedar tree is often mentioned in the Script ures and the marvelous woodwork of Solomon's Temple was made from this aromat ic wood. The images or gods of the ancient tribes were made of cedarand cedrium, or oil of cedar was used in the embalming of their dead. .\ll through the ages cedar has been known as a remarkable prcscn·ati,·e; our ancestors kne,y its ,·alue and cedar chests built o\·cr a century ago arc among the prizecl heirlooms of the world. This same Cedar. " Ju nipems \ 'irginiana" or genuine Tennessee R ed Cedar, is used in making cedar chests. The c are man.'· kinds of cedar, bu t



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• ~~~:~1~~~i~E~t~~~~~~~l~t~n~~~i~:~~:I~};~:t}~f~~;~:~e~~; • ,.,;::,:;:;~·o~'~"~·~=r Company






----- --



The Engravings •



were made by the




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PSAUT OF SCHOOL l.IfE FOR TilE JU lOR. Tell us not in mournful numbers That vou flunked in Music I, That ~ou got an E in H istory, And that orma l "ain't no fun." W ork for A's and stri,·e for honors; Don't let red E's be your p;oal. ''D" if good enough for J uniors \\' ill bring ~orrow to your soul. Rouse ye up then and be doing, Seeking highest honors clue, You "ill ne'er regret the effort, When " ith sc hool life you are through. A Senior. Dear Dad " \\.In arc .\Oil ~o far behind in 'our stuclie~?" Fair daughter- "So [ can pursue them better." As Shakespeare said, when he "as facing th<• bold, bad lion, "All is not cold that shi' er<;." \\'h_,. is Blanche like a bandage? Because Calk is all wraopcd up in her.

l :'::;~~!;;f:~~~~;::: l

•.:· ~1i~2~ ~ ~ ~ ~: : : :, r~ •·.:.• ?-.lore t--1other Stories, Bailey


• ;~~~~~~;;:I;:;~;:;a~:~ • Thomas Charles Company 2249-53 Calumet Ave., Chicago, lll. Agents for Milton Bradley Company



• s~~~i~i~~!~~I~: • , ,-:~ :;~ :I~i~1~~~~[:~::::;;·


'To the Winona Normal Students: \\·c take this opportunity to thank you for the patronage you have extended to us. Also to assure ~·ou, should you at some future time desire anything in the photographic line, \\·e will he pleased to sen·e you. E,·cn tho you lca\'e our city, we will he pleased to recci,·e your orders thru the mail, as we ha\'e a large list of mail order customers. especially in cte,•cloping and printing KODAK FIL~I. also enlargin;;. framing and copying, it will certainly pay you. as \\·ell as ~·our out of tmn1 friends to write for our prices. Yours ,·cry rcspcctf ully,

]. I. Van Vranken) The Photographer, \Vinona, .:\Iinnesota.

Laugh and the world laughs with you, Snore, and you sleep alone. l.augh and the school laughs "ith you, Stuck and ~·ou'rc left alone.

The D. L. Auld Company

'\s the.v skated they looked at the stars, There were a million or more; Their heels llew up and the.v observed A few they had not seen before.

19;-19- East Long Strct't

Columbus, Ohio


To o btain the wished for results a! wa vs . roil ow these rules : I. When you know your lesson 1. eYer pay atten tion. 2. ever Yolunteer. 3· Nc,·er let on you know anything. Resu lts: You will make a perfect recitation when called upon. I I. \\'hen \'Ou don't knO\\ your lesson. 1. Alwa~·s look\\ ise ancf attentin:-. 2. Alwa~·s appear studious. 3· Alwa.''S pretend that .\'ou were iust going to sa~ what the others said. -+· Always keep from whispering. 5· Always look your teacher straight in the eve. Rcsuits: You ''ill be left in peace.


EngraYcd Commencement 111\·itations, Calling Cards and Announcements. SATISFACfiON ABSOLUTELY GUARA TEED


l'athcrine D oran to \liss Grant-

'' \l a~ I t::kc the Reaclt·r's Guide out?"

Carbolic acid means good!)\ c in any

Hardt Gift Shop


Visitor-·" \\"hat work do' ou do here?' ' Student- " As little as possible."

For those unusual and Attractive of All Kinds

;"\ !iss Sha mbaugh "Girls in feeble health shou ld take a tramp in the \\Oods an d fields even• da \'." Student- " \\ .hat if the tmmp s hould object?"

Our Picture Framing is a credit where

I f i~norance were bliss 9-1 o of us '' ou lei be so happ~· around test ti me "c'd choke.


"\\'h~ arc ou r sold iers in Europe called clou)!h bo.' s?" " \\'In· ! Our Sccretar~ of \\'ar is a Baker:··

is appreciated

Wm. M. Hardt

To the Faculty in general and to those "ho have not been other" ise mentioned in pa rt icular we leave the sinc(•rc hope that \ ou will remain the noble men and "om~n that you art•.

11 !1- 120-Easl T hird Street Ea"t of :l ler<"hant" Bank


The Williams Co. 79 Wes t Third Street

Wi nona, Minn .

Go to Smartness, variety a n d moderate prices are embodied m the individual garments shown h e re; something different arnves every day.

Kissling & Son for

Your Picnics

We invite inspection.




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H IGH GRA~£~~h~~;;::~~~~~:~E CREAM • 59


Thicd~<heodore B. Tsatsos & Bro·~~tephonc tm



T il E CURRE T E\'E TS FXA l I CI IAPEL. Question "What are Bolsht, iki?" Answer- "Lon[!: Live Bclp;ium." .\ l r. :\loorc-"\\'11\ don't \\(' ha,·c to import dyes an.,·morc. \ larv F. G. "Bt·causc 110\\ \\C arc.• d.\ ing ~>Ursclvcs." Qucstion- "Wlw is i\lorc\ I lull like a Ford?" · ' AllS\\ cr "Beca usc the <;crews arc etcrnall.\ nccd inp; t ighten ing." \\'nntecl: A Man- Alma 1-.:cgcl. Wanted: Peace and quiet at the stafT llltt•tings.

Oxfords and Pumps

A. B. "Aren't \\C C\'cr going to court, \I r. :\ loore?" \ Tr. :\ loore- "i\ lcrc\! I don't kno''· Let me see! ' t'\ t yc~ir is leap ·' car '' t' ma.\ get a chance."

In En·rything :\cw tha t i ~ Good

Lo<,kinp; 0\'Cr the students or thi!> ·' car it ''ill be plainly seen that the size of the bc;dy is not ah\a\'S in accordance \\ ith the gra.\ matter ol' the brain.

Make The Store of

BAILEY & BAILEY Your Shopping Headquarters in Winona :::::::;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:::;:::;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:::::;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;!;!: 101

fUTURE CELEBRITIES. Ilnzd Bard-in \\~oodro\\~ Wilson's shoes. 1ora Kroning- a ballet dancer. Doritha Ferris- a noted cartoonist. Gail Powell- seafarer. Kntherine Thompson-·at the head of the Winona Kindergarten. Olga Thonvold- ;\lrs. I Ierman. Lucile Scanlan- voclvil stnr. Bessie Preston-a g~· m teacher. TTnzcl Dcyling- a minister's wife. Clara Kuzcl- succcssor to Emmaline Pankhurst. Katherine llilliard- a small town belle. Crace Norgaard- Dcan of \Vomcn at 1\ l o re~· II all.

P hone r66<J-L


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Theorem- A poor lesson is better than a good one. Proofothing is better t han a p:ood lesson . (F acuity) A poor lesson is better than nothing. (Students) Therefore a poor lesson is better than a good lesson .

Winona Steam Laundry

Late to bed and late to rise l\ lakes a J unior rather unwise.


TR EA T~ I E:"'T



•••• potmnt of human foods


T h"<

~ ~ ~':"



6'6" Gst Foutth Stmt







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~~ffi pa:~KOKA,




T he Home of CLUB HO USE Quality Goods


Hardwick's l\lilk & Cream •••• 68 Ea" "th


M.A. Payne Grocer

h[,NK ••••


Phone -P7 =~:







!t''''''''''''' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ''' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ''''J! Herr's to the Facult,·! Long may they stri ~·e To make the students happ_,-, oble and wise.

The Intrinsic Value of Our Sterling Novelties Makes T hem Ideal Gifts.

Dark street, Bana na Peel, fat man, Virginia Reel. Jokes in other books remind us \Ve mav ha ,·e some sta le ones too; But if yott all do not contribute, What can the editors do?

The variety of our stock assures easy and appropriate selections for man, woman and child. Hundreds of unique and new ideas enable any one to make a quality gift at an economy expenditure. You'll find the service as pleasing as the merchandise.

The Annual Staff wishes t hat all jokes be handed in on tissue pape r so that the ed itors can see th ru them. A school Annual is a great invention, The school gets all the fame, The printer gets all the money, And the staff gets all the blame.

The Gift Shop

Teachcr- "Give Newton's law of motion." Pupii- "Every little movement has a meaning all its own."



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OI!!a ThonYold- " Why, F ranees Yany,


You may have him tonight but I must ha,·c him Frida.v night.


M iss Shambaugh- "What arc you doing, class, learnin g something?" Bright Student- " No just listening to .vou."

Let Us Say It For You

[ thank yo u for the usc of your an nua l as propaganda to prove that a ll Americans are craz.v.- Kaiser Bill.

Seasonable F lowers always in stock and arranged for any occasion at reasonable prices by

1\Ir. 1\Ioore-;\liss Bloom, ,,·hat is the difT<'rencc between a want, utility, p rice, and ,·aluc?'' I\ I iss Bloom- "Oh, have a heart, I didn't prepare for a test this morn ing."

WINONA FLORAL CO. Store I 76 :r..rain Street, Opposite P. 0. \Vest End Greenhouses

Mr. 1\ laxweli-"Werc you talking while I was lecturing th !s morning?" Studcnt-"Oh, no, I never talk in m.v sleep."

The world is old, but it likes to laugh, New jokes are hard to find A whole new editorial staff Can't tickle even• mind . So if you find an a;1cient iokc Dressed in a modern guise, Don't frown and give the thin~ a poke, Just laugh, don't be too wise.




Some of us would like to kno\\· if the following joined the hikers club for these reasons: 1. Grace Nor!J:aard- to get s hort. 2 . Clara Kuzel- to get tall. 3· Esther Ross- to get t hi n . .J.. Ella Schuman- to use up su rplu s energy. 5· Amy Kclm--to usc up her giggles.

t 56 East Third St., vVinona, .:\linn . and 307 .:\Iain Street, LaCrosse, Wis.

Fond Parents, looking o,·cr ormal school catalogue - " H istory of Eden, thev teach that, do the,·? 1 didn't know Eden had enough hist~r.'' to be of usc to school teachers." 1\ loral- The Catalogue shou ld not abbreviate Education thus: "Eden."




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The Emporium 63 West Third Street

vVinona, !\linn.

CJJry Goods, Specialties and Millinery

HOW TO WORK YOUR \VA Y THRU NORi\IAL " Oh, gimme a bite." "Lend me a dime." "Got any change? I ha\·en't had my check cashed." "Lend me some paper, 1 left m_v notebook at home." FOUND: In the alcove on Second at Morey Ha ll, an ala rm clock bellowing unusually loud and long about midnight durin g the last part of Februa ry. Owner may have same by proving property a nd paying for this ad at the "office." l\IRS. JOHNSTON'S CIIORUS. "The sopranos were a little ofT on that last part- 'Were they deaf that they did not hear'- Go on."

Th e store where values re1gn supreme Let us demonstrate our ability to save you money

IN C IVICS CLASS. l\ Ir. Moore- "Which county officer issues ma rriage licences?" Brilliant Senior-"The Register of Deeds."


CLASS PINS, CLASS RINGS, ATHLETIC MEDALS Engraved Commencement Invitations and Announcements, Calling Cards

J ewelcrs to the Class of


Rochester, N. Y. ::!::;:;:::;:;:::;:;:;:;:::;:::::;:;:::;:::;::::::=::::::::::;:=~=::::;:::::::::;:;:::::;:::;:;:::;:::;:;:;:::::::;:;:::;::=:::=::;:;:;:::;:;:::;:;:::::::::::::;:;:::::;:::::::::::::::::::::;:::::::;:::::;:;:::::::;:::;:::::;:;:;:;:::;:::;:::::;:::::;:;:;:;:::;::=:

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::;;;~:::~"~::i:::;,~;::;;., Corner King and HufT Streets



Junior- ' '\Vherc do you get your rolls and cakes for the spreads or lunches?" Senior- "Ob, at Schulcrs, of course! All of their bread and confectjons are delicious.''

llc- "Whcn I was quite a child, you know, l was told if I didn't stop smok ing I would become feeble minded." Shc- " \Vcll, why didn't ~·ou stop?"

Senior t0 Junior- "Docs 1\liss Richards know you a re out?" Jun~or-"Yes, and she gayc me a pcnnv to buy a monkey with. Arc vou for sa le?" Ouch!? ! X ., ! '

E. S. to a Senior passing the Normal Buildinp; the fi rst night in Winona, "What Church is this?"

.\1 iss Richards- "Girls, don't go to the "Dairy" after the dance." l\ T.orcv "ITallite- "\Vhat's the matter, ha YC they f!Ol1e OUt of busin{'Ss?"

1\ lr. 1\ l unson- "\Vhat docs the formula ] I2SO+ stand for?" Studcnt- "Two hits and sent out four times.


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OUR POLICYI s to treat our customers as we would like to be treated. to gi,·e every one a squa re deal.

t:t: } { { ::::

OUR MERCHANDISEIn eYery instance at the price offered. I nterstate i\lerchandise should be good Yaluc. \Ye do not intend to sc11 one single item to any one, not worth the money. Consequently people say the Interstate is a good place to trade and we solicit your t rade on the aboYe basis.

l n other words ·.·.

·:~ ) } } :;:;

The Inter-State Mercantile Co. Distributors of Fine l\lerehandise.

Guess who these a re-t . T he twins. 2. The girl with Stewart C. 3· The Senior t ango dancer, lately appearing on the stage. -+· The smallest Junior. 6. The stoutest Senior. The proud father and popular teacher. 8. The Student soon to be "l\Irs." 9· The most graceful teacher. 1 o. T he busiest Senior of our class. 1 r. The teacher who can a nswer most questions. 12. The luckiest person in school.

Shoe Repair Shop Bring us your shoes. \Ye mend them quickly and well.

A.M. BARD :'\ext to H o lde n 's D ru g S t ore



Telephone 6r5

5 r \V. Third Street


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FAi\liL!AR SAYI NGS ABOUT THE 15th OF EACH MONTII. Junior writing horne- " Ifow do you spell fina ncially?" Roommate--" F-i-n-a-n-c-i-a -l-1-v and embarrassed has t wo r's." -

• Fran:i~::~:ell's •

Oh Boy ! if there ever is a time when .vour heart flies up and your spirits go clown it is the time when you get your wonderful pink slip at the beginning of the new term.




160 Main Street

Sr. of the Jr.Sr.-

"I sec \ ou arc mentioned m one books jL;st published." " lnclced! What book?" "The Directory."


A soldier on boat and sea sick, was just about to lean oYer boa rd when he saw the sign. ' Food will win the WarDon't waste it.'


Lancllaclv- "I'm afraid the bed is not long enough for you." L C.-·"NeYer mind, I'll add two more feet to it when I get in."


Presenting t he World's foremost Photo Plays

THE COLONJAL In a Class by I tself Matinee Daily 2 :30-4 :00

Kight 7 :30-9:00



The Leicl1t Press PRINTERS BI N DERS W inona, M inn. •

UPERI OR equipment and facilities enable us to offer to Educational I nstitutions a particularly complete and efficient Printing Service.


Wid e experience on College Catalogs, Annual Publications and similar works, together with an organization of intelligent workmen under careful supervision, insure our patrons that orders wi ll be properly filled, and that the details of typography, presswork and binding \Yill be accorded the attention necessary for the most effective results. LEICHT PRESS SERVICE is resourceful service. Let us submit samples to demonstrate th e distinct advantage it has for you.





• Autographs