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Risk & Preparedness for Oil Spills: Using History to Prepare for the Future Karen Purnell, Managing Director


Risk & Preparedness for Oil Spills: Using History to Prepare for the Future Summary • Historical trends • What is the risk of an oil spill? • Preparedness & Compensation Conventions • What do we mean by ‘efficient response’? • Focus for the future


Number of Large Oil Spills from Tankers (1970 – 2010)


Tonnes of Oil Spilt from Tankers (1970 – 2010)


Trend in Seaborne Oil Trade and Oil Spills from Tankers (1970 – 2010)


Seaborne Oil Trade (2005)


Spills Attended by ITOPF: Tankers versus Non-Tankers

GLOBAL TRENDS


Tonnes of Oil Moved (2005) & Oil Spills from Ships


ITOPF Attended Incidents since January 2010 Date of Incident

Name of Ship

Location

Nature of incident

Substance spilled 

Spill size (tonnes)

5.1.2010

FURNESS MELBOURNE

MOROCCO

Grounding

Fertiliser

0

24.1.2010

EAGLE OTOME

USA, SOUTH COAST

Collision

Crude oil 

1440

26.1.2010

SEA ANGEL

TAIWAN

Other

Bunker oil 

250

19.2.2010

CMA CGM STRAUSS

ITALY

Collision

Bunker oil 

184

25.2.2010

ABUL KALAM AZAD

EGYPT

Equipment failure

Crude oil 

na

3.4.2010

SHEN NENG 1

AUSTRALIA

Grounding

Bunker oil 

10

9.5.2010

MSC TOMOKO

CHINA

Collision

Bunker oil 

10

25.5.2010

BUNGA KELANA 3

SINGAPORE

Collision

Crude oil 

2500

15.6.2010

FU PING YUAN

SOUTH KOREA

Collision

Bunker oil 

na

30.6.2010

KOTA KADO

HONG KONG

Grounding

Bunker oil 

24

7.8.2010

MSC CHITRA

INDIA

Collision

Bunker oil 

800

31.8.2010

TELLIER

FRANCE

Human error

Bunker oil 

2

19.9.2010

GRANDE AMERICA

UK

Equipment failure

Bunker oil 

1

8.10.2010

YM URANUS

FRANCE

Collision

Pyrolysis Gasoline

0

8.11.2010

DA TANG 18

USA  

Other

Bunker oil 

10

23.11.2010

TIGER SPRING

INDIA

Collision

Unknown

15

11.12.2010

ANTONIS

UK

Collision

Bunker oil 

300

19.12.2010

MSC PERLE

ISRAEL

Equipment failure

Bunker oil 

23

31.1.2010

M.V GDANSK

VENEZUELA

Grounding

Bunker oil 

195?

1.2.2011

MSC RONIT

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Equipment failure

Bunker oil 

7

17.2.11

GODAFOSS

NORWAY

Grounding

Bunker oil 

<800?


Preparedness ConventionOPRC-90 Article 6 6.1 Establish a national system for responding promptly and effectively to oil pollution incidents.

6.2 Each Party, within its capabilities either individually or through bilateral or multilateral co-operation and, as appropriate, in cooperation with the oil and shipping industries, port authorities and other relevant entities, shall establish:

- a minimum level of pre-positioned equipment - a programme of training & exercises - detailed plans & communication capabilities for responding to an oil pollution incident - a mechanism or arrangement to co-ordinate the response with, if appropriate, the capabilities to mobilize the necessary resources.


Status of Ratification of the OPRC-90 Convention


Status of Ratification of CLC, Fund and Supplementary Fund


Status of Ratification of the Bunkers Convention


M.V. GODAFOSS, Norway, 17th February 2011


Risk and Preparedness for Oil Spills