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Senior Living Transportation........................................E3


Water aerobics.......................................E4 Fraud & Scams.......................................E5 Raising grandchildren ...........................E6 Senior independence..............................E7 Saint Alphonsus classes ........................E8 Senior addicts..........................................E9 Exercising for aging women ..............E10 Senior bowling leagues .........................E11 EOCIL.......................................................E14 Crossword Puzzle..................................E15 Saving on diabetic medicines .............E19

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The Gold & Silver Store 264 S. Oregon St., Ontario


On the move …

Transportation options for area senior citizens E3 LARRY MEYER ARGUS OBSERVER




There are bus services in the western Treasure Valley that offer inexpensive transportation for senior citizens. They include transportation through the Malheur Council on Aging and Community Services and the Treasure Valley Transit.


There are transportation options for senior citizens, as well as people with disabilities and the general public, living in Malheur County and the surrounding areas, offered through the Malheur Council on Aging and Community Services and supported by the Oregon Department of Transportation and other resources. MCOA provides two types of services: responsive services and a routed service, in partnership with Treasure Valley Transit, serving Ontario, Fruitland and Payette. Snake River Access Complementary Para-Transit provides transportation for individuals whose disabilities make them unable to use the fixed route system. Snake River Access “Plus” is the curb-to-curb Dial-A-Ride Service, for seniors, the general public and people with disabilities in Malheur and Payette counties. Evening, weekend and special trips can be arranged by telephone reservation. Medical necessity trips that are provided through Oregon and Idaho Medicaid must have pre-approval by the brokerage.

MCOA has a fleet of 13 vehicles for those two services and customers are asked to pre-schedule rides to ensure vehicle and driver availability. If a same-day ride is needed, patrons are asked to call to check and see if there is space available. Office hours are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and the number for the transit service is (541) 8810000. Snake River Transit operates two buses on one-hour routes, Monday through Friday, except holidays. Buses follow routes which loop through Ontario, Fruitland and Payette, one going through Ontario and one on the Idaho loop every hour. While there are designation stops, the buses can be flagged down and boarded anywhere along the routes that are safe for the buses to pull over, with a signal to the driver. Besides ODOT, this service is also supported by local communities. There is also a Saturday shopping route from, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., starting on the hour at Wal-Mart and ending at Wal-Mart, with intermediate stops at various senior housing and shopping locations. In addition to Wal-Mart, the Saturday buses also stop at Kmart


Water aerobics good for those with joint pain and arthritis WILLIAM ANDERSON ARGUS OBSERVER



Exercise is an essential part of remaining active while aging. Unfortunately, sometimes exercise can put a lot of strain on joints. For those who suffer from joint pain, or from arthritis, deep water aerobics might just be the exercise you are looking for. “You can exert as much energy as you can in the water,” Ontario Parks and Recreation Director Kathy Daly said. “Many people with arthritis, Parkinson disease, diabetes, back and joint problems will benefit from any type of water SEE EXERCISE, PAGE E13


Seniors, and those not quite seniors, take part in water aerobics Wednesday morning at the Ontario Aquatic Center in Ontario. The aerobics are a good exercise for seniors to participate in as they are a non-impact type of exercise, good on joints.The aerobics also offer a social aspect for seniors.

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EpidEmic: Fraud and scams against senior citizens continues to be a growing concern LINDSEY PARKER ARGUS OBSERVER


Areas of Practice General Business: Estate Planning Liens Financing and Commercial Transactions Farm & Ranch Sales Division Employment Contracts Commercial Transactions



Water Rights Natural Resources Land Use Public Lands Grazing Permits Hazardous Waste

Business Litigation Wrongful Death Professional Liability Personal Injury Product Liability Appellate

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card, and number. “Protect your Medicare number, and don’t give it out over the phone,” Mackenzie-Hill said. “Some of the older cards have the Medicare number and Social Security numbers together. If needed, make a copy, and white out the portion with your Social Security number.” If someone comes to your home to do business, verify that they are licensed, bonded and accredited as legitimate by the Better Business Bureau. You can get the contractor’s information, and or search them by name, and business. The closest BBB is in Boise. SEE SCAMS, PAGE E12


Remember first and foremost that offers apparently too good to be true probably are. If a stranger calls offering to wire you $5,000 for a small fee if you send your checking account number and information, don’t do it. Another scam to watch for, is receiving a phone call from a teenager or child, saying “Grandpa, I need some money can you wire it to my account?” Make sure it is not an impostor, by asking for personal information like a middle name, mother’s name, or other information only a grand-

business you know and trust well,” Malheur Council on Aging and Community Services Senior Service Manager April MackenzieHill said. “Seniors are targeted because most have good credit, and a nest egg. It’s a great opportunity for thieves.” Legitimate companies will not call or write asking for your account number, or Social Security number. If you have done business with them, they will already have all the information on file. One popular telephone scam is someone Watch out for Medicare fraud. If calling a senior citizen claiming to be a grandchild in trouble and asking them to people get your Medicare number wire money. they can charge thousands of dolchild would know. lars worth of supplies and equip“Don’t give out personal informa- ment, steal it and sell it for profit. tion over the phone, unless it’s a Keep track of your Medicare



Grandparents raising grandchildren BRANDI STROMBERG ARGUS OBSERVER



A growing trend in American households that is more common than most realize is a grandparent living with families, raising their grandchildren. Alan Deardorff, family programs manager of Payette’s Western Community Action Partnerships of Idaho, said in the seven counties WICAP serves, it is a very common thing to see grandparents raising their grandchildren. “Yes, I would have to say that because of people losing their jobs

and unemployment benefits running out, it is becoming more and more common,” Deardorff said. “With this economy and things being cut, it’s only going to get worse, I think.” Deardorff said in a five-county radius, there are 230 clients of WICAP raising their grandchildren and he said he anticipates that number to grow as more and more benefits are cut. Nearly 4 million children, nationally, and 1.5 million grandparents, live in grandparent-grandchild households, according to a study beSEE GRANDPARENTS, PAGE E17

With tougher economic times, more and more families across the United States are seeing three-generation families, in which grandparents are taking a bigger role in raising their grandchildren.

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Remaining independent in your golden years LARRY MEYER ARGUS OBSERVER



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One of challenges for people as they grow older is how much longer will they be able to take care of themselves and have the freedom to stay in their own homes. To help them to do that, the 1975 Oregon Legislature created Oregon Project Independence which provides in-home services to seniors who can no longer meet their own care needs. According to information from the state Department of Human Services OPI provides the infrastructure of the of Oregon’s cost-effective, long-term care system which helps older adults and adults with disabilities remain independent through active care management. OPI helps older residents to delay entry in higher cost care settings. Malheur Council on Aging and Community Services are two agencies with a home care agency for the majority of services provided by

the Oregon Project Independence. A homemaker, provided by the agency, helps with light E7 housekeeping when their cleaning appliances have become too difficult to manage. Besides housekeeping, some services provide bathing and dressing, meal planning and preparation and laundry, plus nursing therapy and sitters and companions. Other services provided include window cleaning, yard work and snow removal. There are also services available to people who are caregivers for elderly family members or those with disabilities. Respite care provides opportunities for caregivers to get a break and get some time for themselves and time to recharge. Classes provide caregivers the tools to help them in their roles — techniques for relationships, stress relief, communication, problem solving, action planning and goal setting. Family Caregiver support also gives support for grandparents raising their grandchildren.

Saint Alphonsus offers monthly classes for seniors



Free classes give support for joint replacement patients, diabetics, staying fit LINDSEY PARKER ARGUS OBSERVER


You, or someone you know, has reached a turning point, and living alone is no longer the best option. But a nursing home isn’t necessary. Luckily, there is a solution, right here in Ontario - Meadowbrook Residential Care.

At Meadowbrook Residential Care, our residents enjoy the personalized care and service they need to enhance their independence and enrich their lives. From getting dressed to just getting around, assistance is always close at hand. And that’s only the beginning.

Meadowbrook Residential Care also offers spacious, private apartments. Family-style dining for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Planned social activities. Complete housekeeping and maintenance services. And much more!

“Classes are available each month seniors may take advantage of these free classes.” Leanna Bentz Executive Director of Marketing/Communications and Foundation, Saint Alphonsus Medical Center-Ontario, said. The hospital offers Fit and Fall Proof classes, educating people about the benefits of active lifestyles, reducing risks of serious injury. One in three people over age 65 fall every year, and the majority of hip fractures happen because someone fell. The fit and fall proof class helps build strength and flexibility. Fit and Fall Proof classes are offered at 10 a.m. every Tuesday at Saint Alphonsus Rehabilitation Services please call (541) 881-7330 to register. The Diabetic Education Support Group is coordinated by Saint Alphonsus’ Diabetic Education

Volunteer, and Registered Dietitian. Class topics such as meal planning, medication, blood sugar monitoring, medication education, stress management and activity may be discussed. For more information please call (541) 881-7474, or (541) 881-7173. The Weight Management Support Group, led by dietitians, will help provide tools seniors need to help educate about nutrition information, exercise, weight loss and make goals every month. Weight Management Support Group classes are open to everyone. For more information please call (541) 881-7173 for more information. Joint Replacement Education classes are offered “Specifically for those who have had joint replacement surgery, but is open to other seniors as well,” Bentz said. The Joint Replacement Education classes will help prepare the attendees for what to expect pre- and post-surgery in cases of knee, hip or shoulder replacement. Patients can ask questions, and bring spouses, significant others or family members. The Joint Replacement classes will be held from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. June 14 and June 28, in the Weiser River Conference room 351 S.W. Ninth St., Ontario. For more information, please call (541) 881-7330.

Come see for yourself. Call us today at (541) 889-4600 for more information, or to schedule a free luncheon visit. Ask about our specials when you call! We think you’ll like what you see....and more importantly, what you feel when you visit our community.

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WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. — They go around this room at the Hanley Center telling of their struggles with alcohol and drugs. They tell of low points and lapses, brushes with death and pain caused to families. And silently, through the simple fact that each is in their 60s or beyond, they share one more secret: Addiction knows no age. “I retired, I started drinking more,” one man said. “I lost my father, my mother, my dog, and it gave me a good excuse,” said another. A remarkable shift in the number of older adults reporting substance abuse problems is making this scene more common. Between 1992 and 2008, treatment admissions for those 50 and older more than doubled in the U.S. That number will continue to grow, experts say, as the massive baby boom generation ages. “There is a level of societal denial around the issue,” sad Peter Provet, the head of Odyssey House in New York, another center offering specialized substance abuse treatment programs for seniors. “No one wants to look at their grandparent, no one wants to think about their grandparent or their elderly parent, and see

that person as an addict.” All told, 231,200 people aged 50 and over sought treatment for substance abuse in 2008, up from 102,700 in 1992, according to the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Older adults accounted for about one of every eight seeking help for substance abuse in 2008, meaning their share of treatment admissions has doubled over the 16-year period as other age groups’ proportions shrunk slightly. The growth outpaces overall population gains among older demographics. Between 2000 and 2008, substance abuse treatment admissions among those 50 and older increased by 70 percent while the overall 50-plus population grew by 21 percent. Experts say that’s because boomers have historically high rates of substance abuse, often developed three or four decades ago, that comes to a head later in life. “The baby boom population has some experience with substance misuse and is more comfortable with these substances,” said Dr. Westley Clark, director of SAMHSA’s center on substance abuse treatment. Treatment professionals believe

Assisted Living Designed With You In Mind!




Shirley Alger, 80, tries to live a healthy lifestyle by keeping active by exercising at curves. Exercising can help you look and feel better and can have a positive effect on your overall health and well-being.

Exercise is key to maintaining a healthy lifestyle for women SHERI BANDELEAN ARGUS OBSERVER


Exercising helps with maintaining a healthy lifestyle well into your 90s and if you are a woman in the Treasure Valley, Curves is a place you can go to help you maintain that lifestyle. “Right now we have members ranging in age from 16 to 93,� Ontario curves owner/manager Jill Hoshaw said. Exercise can help you look and feel better and at Curves they will teach you a 30 minute workout that you only have to do three times a week. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, regular physical activity like the program

at Curves can reduce the risk of such diseases as coronary heart disease, stroke, colon cancer, Type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis and high blood pressure. It can also control weight, and can contribute to healthy bones, muscles and joints and help relieve the pain of arthritis. According to Hoshaw, the program includes all five components of exercise: warm up and cool down, cardio, strength training and stretching, and works every major muscle group while helping you keep your heart rate in your target training zone. Unlike traditional gym equipment that needs to be adjusted for each perSEE CURVES, PAGE E14

Warning: Lack of salt can be Senior activities offered to your health at Ontario’s Sunset Lanes hazardous blood Audrey ARGUS OBSERVER


Baker grew up watching her mother put table salt on nearly everything — steak, potatoes, even gravy. Believing the nutrition myth that salt is bad for health, Baker sometimes scolded her Mom for her salty, oldfashioned ways. As an adult, Baker carefully monitored what she ate, putting herself on a low-salt diet with lots of water. But one day at home, she became light-headed. Her heart raced, her chest pounded. She called 911 and was rushed to an emergency room. The problem: hyponatremia, a more-common-than-you-mightthink condition in which the

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level of salt (sodium) in your body becomes abnormally low. “That’s when I realized my body does need salt,” says Baker. “They gave me a saline solution drip with sodium in it. It perked me right up. I felt terrific.” Baker isn’t the only person surprised to learn that salt is an essential nutrient. In many ways, it’s this simple: without it, you die; with it you can thrive. Still, controversy remains about the best level of sodium in our bodies. Baker’s experience illustrates an important message when it comes to low-sodium diets: Don’t assume a low sodium diet is beneficial to everyone in general and to you in particular.

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Looking for something to do this summer or maybe even this fall, then check out the Sunset Lanes situated at 350 S.E. 13th Street in Ontario. Sunset manager Teresa Griffith said the bowling alley offers a variety of things for seniors to do during the summer and in the fall. Griffith has been the manager for the past two years, but has 20 years experience at the bowling alley. On Mondays, Sunset Lanes has its Monday Coffee Social which starts at 1:30 p.m. “We do something a little different each week,” Griffith said. “Sometimes we bowl three games, sometimes we bowl doubles. We also do Monte Carlo.” Griffith said the Monday Coffee social is open to everyone, but it is geared toward seniors. “This is a new event we started this year and we are getting 10 to 12 people to show up for it,” Griffith said. Another bowling event the Lanes offer is its Thursday senior Monte Carlo match. The participants get three games for $7.50 “It is colored pin bowling and the participants can win prizes,”

Griffith said. “It’s a good social event and we give free coffee.” Currently there are 12 to 15 individuals that compete in the Thursday Monte Carlo and Griffith said there is room for more. “Everyone really loves this event and they all have a great time,” Griffith said. In the fall, the Sunset Lanes offers its Senior League which take place at 1:30 p.m. on Mondays. The League starts in September and runs through April. “This league is a lot of fun and it is good for all skill levels,” Griffith said. “This league is a little different from other leagues in the sense that if a bowler cannot make it on any given league day, they do not have to pay for that day. In regular leagues, if you miss, you still have to pay.” Currently, the senior league has 14 teams and more are welcome. Griffith said many of the league bowlers had never bowled before and they came out and learned how. “We will teach anyone how to bowl,” Griffith said. “And once they try it, they will love it.” For more information about the senior events at Sunset Lanes, Griffith encourages to call or to stop by the lanes for more information.




Transportation: FROM PAGE E3


E12 and Bi-Mart. Other stops, every

hour, include Sierra Vista, Southwest Fourth Street and 10th Ave., Idylewood Manor. Malheur County Fairgrounds, Cooper Country, Riverside Manor, Yellow Rose Apartments and Crossroads. There also daily transportation schedules weekdays from Nyssa and Vale. From Nyssa, a bus leaves the Nyssa Senior Center, at about 8:15 a.m. for Ontario, and there is a return bus to Nyssa at 3 p.m., arriving at 3:30 p.m. Weekday service to Vale leaves the Department of Human Services parking lot in Ontario at 7:20 a.m. and West Park Plaza at 7:30 a.m., arriving at the Bureau of Land Management, Vale, at 8 a.m. This bus will pick up passengers at the Vale Senior Citizen Center or

Scams: the Malheur County Courthouse at about 8:15 a.m., on prior notice Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. The afternoon scheduled leaves the MCOA office at 3:45 p.m., and stops at the Vale Senior Center at 4:15 p.m., stops at the BLM office at 4:30 p.m. and is back in Ontario at 4:45 p.m. On Tuesdays and Thursdays, a bus leaves Vale Senior Center at 8:30 a.m., travels to Nyssa to pick up passengers at the Nyssa Senior Center, leaving at about 9:15 a.m., arriving at Fit for Life in Ontario, for exercises, and at Wal-Mart at 10 a.m. The bus makes the return trip, starting at 11 a.m. from Ontario Fit For Life. Others not going to the exercise program can ride this bus, on prior arrangement and as space is available. For more information call (541) 881-0000.

www:, email:, phone: (208) 342-4649, 1200 N. Curtis Road, Boise, ID 83706. MCOA is currently seeking approval for forms that would help ensure only legitimate businesses and representatives are allowed to complete work in and around the home. If approved, the forms will be available to seniors, who can ask the business men to fill out their information. Those who won’t probably aren’t trustworthy. Senior theft and fraud costs everyone. “More than the emotional pain it brings, the nation has to step up and support the senior because they won’t be able to take care of themselves if all their money gets

The most important thing, is to realize that we are a community. Friends, family and neighbors have a responsibility to each other to look after the elderly, disabled and young children.

— April Mackenzie-Hill MCOA Senior Service Manager

stolen.” Mackenzie-Hill said. “The most important thing, is to realize that we are a community. Friends, family and neighbors have a responsibility to each other to look after the elderly, disabled, and young children.” Mackenzie-Hill said. If you suspect someone is a victim of theft or fraud call the Oregon Law Center (541) 889-3121.

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Exercise: FROM PAGE E4

By exercising, we see people have more balance and they have more muscle mass. As people get older, muscles start to atrophy. People who exercise are going to react (better) and not trip and fall.

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— Kathy Daly Ontario Aquatic Center Manager

Daly said. “Water exercise also increases flexibility, improves the cardiovascular system, is resistance based and can burn 400 to 700 calories per hours, depending on how hard you work at it.” Along with the physical needs that water aerobics can offer, the classes can also provide a social aspect many seniors, and anybody can use. “Some people come just for the socialization,” Daly said. “It is just about getting out of the house and doing something everyday, something that people schedule everyday.” Those wishing to try out the water aerobics classes are able to try out the class for free the first time through. For more information and for rates, visit the City of Ontario website, and click on the Pool/Aquatic Center icon under the city services tab, on the left side of the page.


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MCOACS provides meal preparation and delivery through Meals On Wheels which supports the homebound senior citizens and people who are disabled, and then there is assistance with home modification planning to ensure a safe environ-

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Independent: FROM PAGE E7


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ment. DHS has another similar program called In Homes offering many of the same services. However, with the state budget deficit, there is concern about whether these programs will continue to be funded.


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exercise whether it is an aerobic class, swimming laps, or water walking or jogging.” Daly also said the deep water aerobics will get your heart-rate up. “Any movement in the water is working against resistance, it is beneficial for anyone,” Daly said. “It is a great, low-impact, resistance based workout.” Currently, there are deep water aerobics classes offered at the Ontario Aquatic Center, Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 6 a.m. Shallow water aerobics are offered at 9 a.m. Monday through Friday, and at 11 a.m. Monday, Wednesday and Friday. There are people of all ages signed up and taking various water aerobics classes, ranging in age up to 94-yearsold. “By exercising, we see people have more balance and they have more muscle mass,” Daly said. “As people get older, muscles start to atrophy. People who exercise are going to react (better) and not trip and fall.” Daly also said exercise exercises the heart muscles, making those muscles stronger. “Water provides buoyancy and support to the person exercising, making it less likely for muscles, bones or joints to become injured,”




son, and is typically sized for men, Curves equipment was designed E14 specifically for women. Along with that, Curves members work out in a fun, social environment that they report feels more like fun than exercise. “It’s kind of a social event especially for the retired ladies who get out and meet with other ladies,” Hoshaw said. “We have a group that comes in at 6 a.m. that exercise and then go to coffee afterwards.” Also, Curves is unique in that the equipment is all placed in a circle and you come in and start on a machine that isn’t in use and exercise and then every 30 seconds you move to the next station available. “How the machines work are unique too because they are hydraulic resistant which adjusts automatically to your fitness level and that’s where the seniors can really adjust how hard they work out,”

Hoshaw said. With aging certain diseases can effect you such as arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, but if you exercise you can prevent and control the symptoms of them. Exercise is one of the best treatments of osteoarthritis. Exercise can improve mood and outlook, decrease pain, increase flexibility, strengthen the heart and improve blood flow, maintain weight, and promote general physical fitness. Curves also offers a weight management book that has several different diets in it that is given to their members. Curves is open from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Saturday and there is always a coach on staff that has been trained on the equipment, CPR and have had health training.

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EOCIL helps seniors live independently JESSICA KELLER ARGUS OBSERVER


As more and more state health and welfare programs are being cut because of the current financial crisis, many senior citizens encountering difficulties are looking for alternatives to receive help. In Ontario, one alternative is Eastern Oregon Center for Independent Living. The services are geared toward people with disabilities and seniors, even if they do not think of themselves as members of the disabilities community as many of them don’t, EOCIL Executive Director Kirt Toombs said, especially if their difficulties come later in life. But if a senior citizen is experiencing a medical issue that interferes with or hinders independence or that is a barrier to maintaining independence EOCIL may be able to help, Toombs said. Toombs said EOCIL offers a variety of services, many of which can benefit senior citizens. One service Toombs said many senior citizens require that EOCIL can help with is transportation. While EOCIL does not provide transportation services, the independent living specialists

help seniors look at what transportation services are available as well as resources to pay for them. “It allows them to keep their independence,” Toombs said, adding it gives seniors options that extend beyond friends or family members. Independent living specialists also make house calls to senior citizens with serious medical issues, such as someone recovering from a stroke, to assess what individualized services are necessary for them to continue living at home and help them find those resources as well. EOCIL also offers a program called “Brain Train,” which is a memory program that is used to enhance or maintain memory. Toombs said the program is used to help senior citizens or other people who are experiencing cognitive issues such as memory loss or from traumatic brain injury. The software has also been used to people who are living with Alzheimers, Toombs said. He said the Brain Train is individualized in that it offers memory programs based on specific interests or hobbies. If a person is interested in carpentry, the software offers a memory program just on carpentry, Toombs said. SEE EOCIL, PAGE E18

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Ontario and Payette’s only locally owned and operated funeral chapel and crematory.


1. England (6) 2. Lebanon (6) 3. Togo (4) 4. Scotland (9) 6. Nepal (9) 9. Haiti (4,2,6) 10. Indonesia (7) 13. Chile (8) 15. Paraguay (8) 16. Venezuela (7) 17. Italy (4) 18. Gambia (6) Solution on Page E19

Be Free


Addiction: FROM PAGE E9


E16 the actual number of older people

with substance abuse problems is many times larger than the amount seeking help. While the number of older people with substance abuse problems is booming, relatively few facilities offer treatment programs specifically for their age group. Most pool people of all ages together; many divide by gender. Those that do offer age-specific programs say it helps participants relate to one another and keeps them focused on themselves, rather than mentoring younger addicts. Provet said some have questioned whether it’s worthwhile to target efforts at seniors, who generally have fewer years left to benefit from treatment than younger people. He dismisses that reasoning, comparing it to arguing that a cancer pa-

Contact us today at 1-800-HOSPICE (1-800-467-7423) for a free, no obligation, in-home visit. We will help you get the assistance needed to stay comfortable and in your home!

tient should be turned away from chemotherapy or radiation treatments simply because they’re 65. Besides, older participants at Odyssey House have the highest completion rate — 85 percent during the last fiscal year. “It’s almost as if they say, ‘This now is my last shot. Let me see if I can get my life right finally,’” he said. Among those taking that approach is Henry Dennis, who at 70 has used heroin for the past 50 years. He came to Odyssey before, relapsed and was arrested for drug possession. Dennis says he’s seen at least a dozen friends die of drug use, but it wasn’t enough to make him stop. Now in his eighth month of treatment, he says he finally has the resolve to quit. “I’m going to get it right this

I’m going to get it right this time. I don’t want to die just yet. — Henry Dennis heroin addict

time,” said Dennis, who has worked a variety of odd jobs. “I don’t want to die, not just yet.” Dennis’ treatment is paid for by the state of New York. Many pay out of pocket. Medicare offers some coverage for outpatient treatment but generally doesn’t cover inpatient programs. Experts have observed a rise in illicit drug use, while treatment for alcohol has dropped even though it remains the chief addiction among older adults. The 2008 statistics show 59.9 percent of those 50 and older seeking treatment cited alcohol as their primary substance, down from 84.6 percent in 1992. Heroin came in second, accounting for 16 percent of admissions in that age group, more than double its share in the earlier survey. Cocaine was third, at 11.4 percent, more than four times its 1992 rate. Surveys show the vast majority of older drug addicts and alcoholics reported first using their substance of choice many years earlier, like Dennis. That lifelong use can lead to liver damage, memory loss, hep-

atitis and a host of other medical issues. A minority of people find comfort in drugs and alcohol far later, fueled by drastic life changes, loneliness or legitimate physical pain. Don Walsh, a participant at Hanley’s support group, falls into the latter category. He is among 19 men and women who gather on this day in the room with pale blue walls and the calming whir of a fish tank. One comes in a wheelchair, another with a walker; one dozes off during the session. Walsh, a 77-year-old lawyer, says he didn’t develop a problem with alcohol until he retired a year ago. His relentless schedule of 12- to 14hour days disappeared into a series of leisurely lunches and dinners where the wine flowed freely. One day, he blacked out in his garage. Had it happened while he was driving home, he thought, he might have killed himself and others. After six weeks of treatment, Walsh says he no longer craves alcohol. “I have a new lease on life,” he said.

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Grandparents: FROM PAGE E6

a thorough analysis of grandparentgrandchild households. They did, however, uncover a partial picture of determinants of grandparent care through their analysis of past studies. “Despite the focus on grandparents care in poor urban neighborhoods, previous research has shown that split-generation households are equally common in central cities and in rural areas,” Rudkin said. “In urban areas, splitgeneration households are more likely to be poor, while those in rural areas are less likely to be poor. Three-generation households are also more common in urban areas than elsewhere.” Pebley said a major roadblock in understanding grandparents’ care for grandchildren is a lack of data. “Few surveys ask adult respon-

dents with children about whether they are grandparents,” Pebley said. E17 “Furthermore, collecting information on the factors that may create a need for grandparent intervention — including family stress and abuse, drug and alcohol use and mental health problems — is especially difficult.” Pebley and her colleagues are analyzing more representative data on grandchildren and the grandparents who care for them, as well as on the determinants of this kind of care over the course of childhood. “Grandparent care for grandchildren affects both children and their grandparents,” Pebley said. “This continuing research will provide new insights on the state of family relations, particularly intergenerational relations, in the United States.”

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Speech/Language Pathologist


ing conducted by Anne Pebley of RAND, a research and analysis corporation. She is leading a major study that is based on national data of this phenomenon and its implications. Pebley is also working with Laura Rudkin of the University of Texas. Their work examines and estimates the frequency of grandparent-grandchild households. Of the four million children living with their grandparents, 2.5 million live with three-generation households. Nearly 1.5 million live in split-generation households. The proportion of all grandchildren living in three-generation households, 3.6 percent, has been steady in recent years. The proportion in splitgeneration households, 2.1 percent, has risen slightly in recent years, af-

ter declining from 1940 through the 1980s. According to the study, younger children are more likely to live with their grandparents. “More than 10 percent of children under the age of 2 live with their grandparents; 3 percent of children 15 to 17 years old do so,” Pebley said. “The frequency of three-generation households is much higher for younger children than for older children.” Pebley also said split-generation households are about equally common for all ages. “The differences by age in threegeneration households likely reflect parents returning ‘home’ during a transition of young adulthood, like divorce or a new child,” Pebley said. Pebley and Rudkin said no single study or set of studies has provided





Eastern Oregon Center for Independent Living (EOCIL) is a disability and center that promotes for people with disabilities and seniors. EOCIL offers individualized services that include: Information and Referral, Peer Counseling, Life Skills Training, Advocacy, Life Transitioning and much more… Do you need help with an issue and not sure what to do or where to turn for help? Do you rely on others and want your independence back? Contact us…We may be able to help. For complete list of services and descriptions please visit

Information and Referral Independent Living Skills Training Peer Counseling Individual Systems Advocacy Life Transitions Employment Services Benefits Analysis BrainTrain (Memory Enhancement) Assistive Technology Loan Project

ADA Technical Assistance Youth Mentoring Project Representative Payee Project Emergency Financial Assistance Wellness Project Social and Recreation Project HIV/AIDS Project And many other services

1021 SW 5th Avenue, Ontario, Oregon 541-889-3119 Voice 711 Relay Toll Free: 1-866-248-8369 322 SW 3rd Street, Suite 6 Pendleton, Oregon Web Page: Email: 541-276-1037 711 Relay Toll Free: 1-877-711-1037 400 East Scenic Drive, Suite 2.349 P.O. Box 422 The Dalles, Oregon 97058 (541) 370-2810 (Voice) (541) 370-2811 (Fax) 711 (Relay) 1-855-516-6273 (Toll Free) Providing Services in: Harney, Malheur, Baker, Union, Grant, Wallowa, Umatilla, Morrow, Wheeler, Gilliam, Wasco, Sherman and Hood River Counties.

Another extremely helpful service to seniors with disabilities is financial management. Toombs said independent living specialists can help seniors develop budgets so they can live within their means with the restrictive income many have and get them organized so they can pay their bills on time. Just one missed payment, Toombs said, can cause significant problems for senior citizens because late payment penalties can really cut into a senior citizens restricted budget and lead to a crisis situation. He also said the EOCIL independent living specialists also have a wealth of knowledge about what programs or options are available to obtain medications, housing and a host of other needs. Two things set EOCIL apart Toombs said. One unique quality is that many of the staff are disabled themselves, which creates a peer-to-peer relationship with clients. The other unique aspect about EOCIL is client control. The client, Toombs said, develops and writes his or her own plan. “We just help them achieve their own goals,” Toombs said. Toombs said EOCIL is especially helpful for seniors who are just beginning to experience medical issues that

will significantly limit their independence in the future. “We’re all about planning and achieving goals, not waiting until a crisis hits,” Toombs said. By coming up with a plan to alleviate barriers ahead of time, then seniors will be more likely to avoid more restrictive care when a serious problem arises, Toombs said. “It seems like the clients that we have want and demand control,” Toombs said of the senior citizens EOCIL helps. “They’ve been independent their whole lives. Sometimes their families are concerned for their safety and think of the most restrictive environment first. But I think the challenge comes with maintaining and keeping control of their own life.” Lastly, Toombs said, EOCIL offers referral services to senior citizens. If a senior citizen is not eligible for EOCIL services or EOCIL cannot help them, the independent living specialist will refer them to an agency who can help. Toombs said the best way for senior citizens to find out what they qualify for or how EOCIL can help them is to come in and meet with an independent living specialist. For more information on EOCIL, call (541) 8893119 or toll free (866) 248-8369, or visit the EOCIL website at

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(541) 372-4024

is often an important part of staying healthy for a person with diabetes.” Fortunately, people with diabetes can find resources that offer savings on medicines or even free medicines. One program is the Together Rx Access Card, which allows people with diabetes to visit their neighborhood pharmacist and save on many brand-name medications and products. Included in the list are blood glucose meters and test strips, as well as medications used to treat many other common conditions including hypertension and high cholesterol. Savings are also available on generic products. “As an uninsured person living with diabetes who also has high blood pressure and other chronic conditions, I was having difficulty paying for my medications,” says Gloris Deel of Maryland. “I don’t know how I would have made it without the Together Rx Access Program. Without the savings, I couldn’t afford to pay for all the medicines I need to stay healthy.” To learn more about participating pharmacies and the list of products included in the Program, visit And to learn more about diabetes and living with diabetes, visit or call (800) DIABETES.

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Diabetes is one of the nation’s most debilitating and costly conditions. Because symptoms can become severe and even life-threatening, management of this chronic condition is essential. In fact, many of the nearly 26 million adults living with diabetes can maintain a healthier lifestyle using life-saving medicines and products to monitor and control blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, individuals and families affected by diabetes may have difficulty affording these medicines and products if they don’t have prescription coverage. Skipping medicines or not tracking blood sugar levels due to financial limitations can increase the chances of potentially life-threatening health complications. “It is critical that people living with diabetes have access to the appropriate medications and products needed to properly maintain their health,” says John W. Griffin Jr., chair of the board for the American Diabetes Association. “In many instances, people living with diabetes also suffer from other chronic conditions that require medication to maintain their health. Disease management, including lifestyle modifications and medication compliance,

Crossword solution

Saving on essential medicines for those people living with diabetes

Join us for fun filled family events! E20


Fun fors all age

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June 3, 2010 6:00 pm

Under The Stars Concert

June 4, 2011


10 am to 4 pm


‘Border Crossing’

Sponsored by

Lions Park • Ontario, Oregon

✤ Live Entertainment ✤ Cultural Parade ✤ Authentic Cultural Food ✤ Crafts ✤ Kids Activities ✤ Passport Prizes ✤ Global Village Art Show & Contest

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879 SW 4th AVE Ontario, OR 97914 541-889-8012 "$

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Senior Living 2011  

An informative tabloid magazine covering topics for the Senior Community.