Page 1




10 Case studies 36 Products & services 50 Resource centre

6 Disruptive solar models shaping Australia’s energy future

42 Start-up could solve SA’s power problem

Changing traditional views of energy ownership.

46 Achieving business sustainability

8 Water scarcity drives water efficiency

Commercialisation of patented thermal energy storage system.

A management systems approach aligned to ISO 55000.

Treating water as an ‘environmental treasure’.

14 Turning waste streams into energy Growth phase in processed engineered fuel (PEF) for cement kilns.


24 Crafting a community Marrickville housing development gets underway.

26 A central nervous system for buildings 26

Networked, energy self-sufficient and adaptable buildings of the future.

Westwick-Farrow Media is committed to using environmentally responsible print services to produce our publications. PAPER This edition is printed on recycled paper (FSC Mixed Sources Certified) from an elemental chlorine free process. PRINT It is printed by SOS Print+Media Group (ISO12647-2, FSC COC and PEFC certified), using soy-based inks and CTP plate processing. WRAPPER It is delivered in a totally degradable plastic wrapper.

Cover image: © Olga

READ ONLINE! This issue is available to read and download

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 3


EDITOR After weeks of intense rain in Sydney, it seems ironic to be talking about water security in this issue. While too much rain can cause problems of its own, with climate variability in Australia we are all too aware of the looming drought conditions that could follow. Water industry professionals must be forever vigilant to ensure water security for our future in our variable climate. Tony Arnel, Global Head of Sustainability, Norman Disney & Young, points out in our article on page 8, “We cannot afford to be lulled into a false sense of water security.� Tony highlights some of the lessons that can be learnt from innovative water-security techniques adopted both here and abroad. Some of these techniques include diversification of water sources and improved stormwater capturing techniques. With advances in technology and the rise of the shared economy, the energy industry is also experiencing change with disruptive business model plans entering the market. As witnessed by the likes of Airbnb and Uber, disruptive business modelling can have many benefits, but it is also clear that legislation and government needs to keep up with these changes to ensure their continued success. The advanced uptake of renewable energy, improvements in storage technology and environmental concerns associated with traditional energy sources have all contributed to the rise in disruptive business models in the energy market. Some new models are designed to adopt a more decentralised energy production. Read more about one such disruptive solar model on page 5 and read about another energy storage solution with grid stabilisation benefits on page 42.

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4144 readers (85% personally requested) All material published in this magazine is published in good faith and every care is taken to accurately relay information provided to us. Readers are advised by the publishers to ensure that all necessary safety devices and precautions are installed and safe working procedures adopted before the use of any equipment found or purchased through the information we provide. Further, all performance criteria was provided by the representative company concerned and any dispute should be referred to them. Information indicating that products are made in Australia or New Zealand is supplied by the source company. Westwick-Farrow Pty Ltd does not quantify the amount of local content or the accuracy of the statement made by the source.

4 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Disruptive solar models shaping Australia’s energy future Jonathan Englert and Anastasi Kotoros, Smart Commercial Solar

6 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017


Traditional views of ownership are changing, and if you pay an energy bill, then this is either affecting you now or will very soon.

What’s happening is the decentralisation of power generation,







ultrasustainable localised power creation.


e see traditional ownership

As a society, we have accepted this

The model is called PayG and it was

views shifting with the rise

condition because in a sense it was just

pioneered by ClearSky Solar planners like

of the sharing economy and

built in, the price we were all willing to

Christina Kirche and Smart Commercial

the likes of Airbnb. In the

pay for the background hum and security of

Solar founder Huon Hoogesteger.

information economy, this

the energy that powered our lives. We also

The reason the model works is because

ownership shift is seen with the rise of

didn’t have a choice because there were no

the difference between the cost of the solar

software as a service (SaaS) models. One

viable energy alternatives.

being generated and the price charged for

theme unites these models: using only what

Now we do. New energy models are

the energy it produces (still much lower

you need creates revolutionary efficiencies

emerging in Australia built on the revo-

than utility prices) is so great that people

that save money and in many cases deliver

lutionary economics of solar which has

are willing to finance your system. And it’s

huge sustainability benefits.

seen an 80% drop in component pricing

a comparison rate that makes it look better

This is now happening with energy and

and a rapid improvement of the monitoring

than a mortgage.

that’s why it’s going to affect everyone. A major

technology and processes that can support

disruption is occurring that in the short term

stable localised power generation.

To date ClearSky Solar has pooled nearly $3m in investments for 17 projects installed

is creating headlines about Australian power

Many people are unaware that solar

by Smart Commercial Solar across Australia.

networks struggling to meet demand, but in

power has reached parity pricing with coal

Every single one of its projects is oversub-

the mid to long term will deliver big savings

in Australia — this means it costs as much

scribed within hours of being announced,

for both personal and business customers,

or less to generate power with solar than

and the ABC reported that one solar inves-

and a huge boost to the environment.

with coal. And the customer doesn’t have

tor was so pleased with the returns that

to pay the network charges because the

she was pulling money out of her banking

power generator is located on premises.

investments to put more into solar.

What’s happening is the decentralisation of power generation, and the rise of highly efficient, ultrasustainable localised power

As a result of these new economics,

Businesses from the likes of industrial

a group of like-minded innovators and

supply company Blackwoods to the Dudley

Traditionally, the energy market has re-

community members have come together

Hotel are now generating power from solar

lied on big centralised generators that burn

and built a commercial solar model that is

installations paid for by the community.

‘something’ to make electricity. The unit

delivering free solar to businesses while

Energy output and financial returns are

cost of creating this energy is referred to as

simultaneously producing a healthy 7%

carefully monitored and user and investor

the ‘wholesale cost’, which last month saw

return on investment for community funders.

exist in harmony — it’s a vision of our


NSW wholesale costs go from $140 MWh to

Australian community solar fund ClearSky

$1000 MWh. Furthermore, there are the costs

Solar allows smaller generators to get access

involved in transporting that power.

to power at rates of the big consumers.

shared energy future but it’s here today. Smart Commercial Solar

Investment and generation behind the meter cut costs of wholesale and distribution costs of energy. The cost of energy to businesses is wholesale plus transportation cost of energy. Here’s where it gets really interesting. In NSW, the average cost of network charges is 5–15c/kWh, which means 10–25c/kWh pricing on average. This means that the largest consumers of energy get the cheapest price, but there’s only a few of these big consumers. The other 80% don’t consume that much energy, but because they pay for the same social infrastructure they’re left with a big tab to pick up.

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 7

Water scarcity already affects every continent. Around 1.2 billion people — or almost one-fifth of the world’s population — live in arid areas with water shortages. Another 1.6 billion people — one-quarter of our global population — face water shortages as a result of climate change.

Water scarcity drives water efficiency * Tony Arnel, Global Head of Sustainability, Norman Disney & Young


n Australia, water conservation appears to have fallen off the radar. A decade ago, as drought ravaged the country, our attention was firmly fo-

cused on how to shore up our precious water resources. But times have changed. Dams are full, desalination plants have stalled and policymakers are more concerned with energy efficiency as they tackle climate change. But we cannot afford to be lulled into a false sense of water security. According to the Climate Council, water inflows to key Sydney dams could decrease by as much as 25% by 2070 if greenhouse gas emissions continue on their current trajectory. Annual water demand will outstrip supply in Perth and surrounding regions by as much as 85 billion litres by 2030 — and that’s enough water to fill 34,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools. Average annual stream flows to Melbourne’s four major water harvesting storages could decrease by around a fifth by 2050. As the driest inhabited continent, Australia must invest in technology and projects that drought-proof our cities and our economy. So how do we guarantee the water security of our cities? When your densely populated nation has no independent source of fresh water, like Singapore, scarcity drives self-sufficiency. In less than 15 years, Singapore has invested in the infrastructure required to become a world leader in water management. The foresight of Singapore’s utility agency means more than half of its water supply is met by a ‘four tap’ strategy. Rainfall,

8 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

water security

The government believes everyone in Singapore has a stake in water — as a necessary resource, an economic asset and an “environmental treasure”.

collected in artificial reservoirs, accounts for

In Morocco, for example, steel poles, hung

around 20% of the nation’s water supply;

with black polymer nets, are harvesting con-

reclaimed water, or what the Singaporeans

densed fog from the nearby Atlantic Ocean.

call ‘NEWater’, meets 30% of demand; while

The technology, designed by researchers at

seawater desalination provides a further 10%.

the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The remainder is imported from neighbour-

(MIT) School of Engineering in the United

ing Malaysia.

States, has been rolled out in countries as

The first production plant for recycled

In Saudi Arabia the $9.4 billion desalina-

four-stage treatment process — conventional

tion plant on the Persian Gulf covers miles

combined with microfiltration, reverse osmo-

of oceanfront real estate, and pumps more

sis and UV treatments — means the water is

than seven million litres of potable water

drinkable. Singapore’s first desalination plant

into Riyadh each day. Saudi Arabia leads

opened in 2005, with another plant of double

the pack in the desalination race and now

capacity currently in construction. Singapore’s

contributes 18% of the world’s desalinated

water catchment area has also expanded


over the last five years — and now covers

And in New York, two alternatives to

two-thirds of the city-state’s land surface

conventional rooftop surfaces are being

areas — with the completion of the Marina,

tested — green roofs to absorb stormwater

Punggol and Serangoon Reservoir in 2011.

runoff and blue roofs to capture it. Water

Public education campaigns have also made

from blue roofs is being used to supply

their mark, with consumption falling from

irrigation, cooling systems and a host of

165 litres per person per day in 2003 to

other non-potable uses.

155 litres in 2009. The government’s target is

While there are innovative water-wise

140 litres by 2030. Practical schemes, such

projects abroad, there are also inspiring

as water efficiency labelling for taps, show-

case studies closer to home. And these case

erheads, toilets and washing machines, have

studies are being found in unexpected places.

also helped consumers make informed choices.

In Queensland’s Nebo, for example, a

Singapore’s ultimate goal is to be self-

large maintenance facility for coal trains is

sufficient, with 40% of water from recycling,

harvesting and recycling 85% of the water

30% from desalination and 20% from rain-

captured on-site, thanks to a range of clever

water collection.

strategies implemented by NDY. Rainwater is

The Singaporean Government continues to

collected and treated using three independent

invest in R&D to identify more cost-effective

filtration systems — and as a result is clean

ways of treating, recycling and supplying wa-

enough to drink. Wastewater from the sticky

ter. It is building a reputation as a ‘hydrohub’

coal dump pit is treated and re-used in the

for water science and technology, and is

locomotive washdown area. And an aerobic

contributing expertise to large water projects

system treats all blackwater, which is then

in China. The government believes everyone

re-used for toilet flushing. Together, these

in Singapore has a stake in water — as a

initiatives ensure the facility can operate

necessary resource, an economic asset and

without being reliant on mains water.

an “environmental treasure”.

diverse as Eritrea, Chile and Yemen.

water opened in 2002. Using an innovative

Meanwhile, an upgrade to the Metricon

Australia can learn from the lessons of

Stadium at the Gold Coast in preparation

other nations whose battle with scarcity has

for the Commonwealth Games has de-

led them to diversify their water sources

livered water tanks with a total capacity

and adopt innovative capture techniques.

of 650,000 litres. This is complemented

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 9

water security

with a whole-of-membrane fabric roof

93% comes from the stormwater harvest-

this goal may be difficult, but if we scale

which can harvest water at eye-watering

ing system.

up our successes, diversify our sources

rates. An impressive 100% of water col-

Without water, there is no life. Without

and keep our water clean and close to

lected can be used — for toilets, urinals,

water, there can be no cities. When we

home, Australia will be well on its way

general washdown of stadium concourse

envisage our nation in 20, 50, 100 years’

to a future that’s water secure.

and seating areas, as well as watering of

time, we must imagine an urban water

Norman Disney & Young

the grounds.

network where no drop is wasted. Achieving

And at Monash University, a precinctwide stormwater harvesting system enables large amounts of water to be stored and

*Tony Arnel is the global director of sustainability at engineering consultancy Norman

distributed around the campus. More than

Disney & Young and works worldwide across all NDY offices and market sectors.

10.6 billion litres of water are used each

He is the company’s key strategist for Sustainability.

year for irrigation and toilet flushing, but

Recycling food waste leads to smooth sailing for yacht club Image credit: Pauline Coppin, NSW EPA.

The Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club (RPAYC) used a Bin Trim rebate from the NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) to purchase a worm farm that will divert 5.25 tonnes of food waste from landfill each year. RPAYC is a yacht racing and sailing club based in Pittwater on Sydney’s Northern Beaches. Situated on 17 hectares of land, the club offers year-round services and activities for members. As a 5 Gold Anchor marina committed to continually improving its service, and with effective plastic and glass recycling already in place, the club was keen to identify other waste management areas that could be improved. As the RPAYC was considering options for broader recycling measures, a Bin Trim

waste from the club’s restaurant was being

results through applying small changes.

sent to landfill each week.

This has led to greater staff interest and

assessor visited the club and suggested

The assessor assisted the club in applying

participating in the NSW EPA’s Bin Trim

for a Bin Trim rebate to help with the cost

program. Through the program, eligible

of purchasing a commercial-scale worm farm

“The Bin Trim program has definitely

businesses that employ between one and

to manage kitchen waste. The application

increased awareness about recycling

199 employees can access a free waste

was successful, with the club awarded a

amongst staff and motivated us all to

assessment and a financial rebate from

$1285 rebate.

take action individually,” said RPAYC

$1000 to $50,000 to help with the cost of purchasing recycling equipment.

engagement in recycling, both at work and at home.

Approximately 90% of the club’s kitchen

Head Chef Steve Proctor. “In a sense the

waste is now recycled through the new worm

recycling improvements here at the club

The Bin Trim assessor helped the club

farm and then re-used on the extensive

are rubbing off, and we’re taking those

complete a step-by-step assessment to

club gardens as a fertiliser. The gardener

changes home as well.”

clarify its waste collection, separation and

collects the castings from the worm farm

In 12 months the club will review

management process in order to identify

once a week to disperse across the club’s

its waste bin sizes, potentially leading

any gaps. Food waste was identified as

17 hectares of land, delivering positive results

to a reduction in waste collection costs.

an area where substantial improvements

for the club and the gardens.

could be made; it was estimated that

Club management has also found that

between 600 and 1000 litres of food

the Bin Trim program delivered substantial

10 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

NSW Environment Protection Authority

Eco Action

Saving water in Perth’s fast-growing suburb


s the population booms in Perth’s outer suburbs,

As many council areas face the triple threat of water

future-proofing new parks and buildings from

restrictions, increasing population and demand for recreational

tighter water restrictions is becoming one of

facilities, City of Swan’s new Ellenbrook Sports Hub is

local government’s greatest challenges.

a paradigm shift.

WA’s capital is facing a drier climate. Its football grounds

Using synthetic turf saves about 35,000 kL of water

and cricket fields all need watering but the prospect of

a year — equivalent to 14 Olympic-size swimming pools.

tighter water restrictions means innovative solutions are required by local governments. In the City of Swan’s growth corridor, about 20 km northeast of Perth, the struggle between providing community facilities and conserving water is particularly noticeable. The population of one of the City’s (and Australia’s)

The four synthetic soccer fields opened in September 2016 and are adaptable to five-a-side futsal, small sided AFL, touch rugby and ultimate Frisbee — set to service the community for decades to come. Meanwhile, population growth necessitates the construction of more community centres and pavilions.

fastest growing suburbs — Ellenbrook — spiked from

The City of Swan is trialling new water storage

about 14,000 residents in 2006 to more than 40,000 in

techniques in community buildings built in new suburbs

2016. Similar growth is expected in new subdivisions over

such as Aveley, where underground and external tank

the next decade too, presenting the City of Swan with

systems supply most of the facilities water needs.

further challenges.

“While urban expansion presents environmental

Several years ago, the City needed a solution to provide

challenges, it also presents opportunities to trial new water

playing fields for the Ellenbrook district. Faced with the

and energy-saving technologies,” Mayor Wainwright said.

obstacles of limited land, the exploding population and no

“There is so much opportunity in suburbia to iron

water allocation, the City needed an innovative solution to

out the best ways to approach rainwater harvesting and

secure recreational space.

tailoring that to the use of the building.”

Mayor Mick Wainwright said research determined

“The benefit of these systems is not always economic,

traditional grass turf would simply not cope with the

but as water restrictions become tighter, it becomes a

future wear and tear caused by the burgeoning community,

moral decision for local governments to implement these

whereas synthetic turf could handle three times the use.


“We proceeded to build the largest synthetic playing surface in the southern hemisphere,” he said. “Not only can the rectangular synthetic surface handle a higher turnover of teams, the watering and overall cost is lower than natural turf.”

12 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

“We look forward to trialling more technologies and investigating their most efficient application.” City of Swan

Turning waste streams into energy There has been a major growth phase in processed engineered fuel (PEF) for cement kilns, according to ResourceCo, an international leader in resource recovery and advanced manufacturing.


esourceCo Alternative Fuels Chief Executive Officer

cessed engineered fuel (PEF) to operate its kiln. This equates to

Ben Sawley said the company currently manufac-

a huge saving in the consumption of traditional fossil fuel usage.

tures 250,000 tonnes of alternative fuels annually

“We are certainly focused on providing an alternative energy

and there is tremendous opportunity to increase

use to cement kilns to displace fossil fuels, and while Australia

this volume significantly in Australia.

has four cement kilns, we have earmarked Asia as a major area

“Fuel diversification of cement kilns is the driver for our

customers, as it reduces fuel price risk as well as the kiln’s environmental footprint,” Sawley said. “Kilns that have introduced an alternative fuel mix among their

for potential growth,” Sawley said. “South-East Asia has well over 100 cement kilns and there are countless more across China. Most of these kilns are yet to be tapped into.”

energy intake have done relatively well in comparison to others

ResourceCo has taken the group’s leading alternative fuel

that have been locked into purely fossil fuels, particularly in recent

technology directly into the Asian markets and is operating in

months where coal and gas prices have increased significantly.

Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines.

“We are seeing a turning point in the cement industry in the

The company’s state-of-the-art PEF manufacturing plant in

take-up of alternative fuels and the importance of having diver-

Ipoh, Malaysia, has 100,000 tonne-plus capacity and supplies

sification in energy.”

the world’s largest cement manufacturer, amongst others. These

ResourceCo has a Joint Venture that supplies an Australian cement manufacturer with nearly 100,000 tonnes per year of pro-

14 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

partnerships are reducing the reliance on fossil fuels in the production of cement.

resource recovery

We are seeing a turning point in the cement industry in the take-up of alternative fuels and the importance of having diversification in energy.

“Typically, we need to secure a long-term contract with a cement kiln to ensure we can source the fuel to supply them. We can also look at co-investing in the feed system to the cement maker.” The key to making a PEF business work: • Secure the back-end and front-end of the supply chain. • Ensure the raw material streams are suitable to produce the specified fuel. • Design the processing plant to suit the incoming and outgoing materials. • Ensure that the fuel is going to be economically and technically suitable for the customer. PEF can fit in easily with the existing waste supply. The only difference is that waste generators and collectors deliver their suitable waste to the PEF plant rather than landfill. “The number one competitor to this industry is landfill. We think there is a great opportunity to put more and more waste materials into energy or fuel which can be converted into energy.” ResourceCo is extending its network in South-East Asia to direct relevant waste streams away from landfill. “Not only do we have geographic diversification, but we provide a number of options to turn waste streams into PEF by either delivering wastes direct to an established PEF plant, build a PEF plant on a customer’s site and operate it for them, or market PEF produced by a customer to our cement kiln network.” ResourceCo’s Asia operations also intersect with its subsidiary Tyrecycle, which is claimed to be the biggest recycler of end-of-life Global consumption of PEF at cement kilns is estimated to be

(EOL) tyres and conveyor belts in Australia.

around 40 million tonnes per annum, and while high rates of thermal

Tyrecycle converts rubber waste into quality tyre-derived fuel (TDF)

substitution of PEF for fossil fuels is achieved, particularly in Northern

and other value-added products, and has well-developed overseas

Europe, it is relatively easy to produce a 25 to 30% energy substitution.

infrastructure to service direct trading relationships with various

“Some kilns in northern Europe run at 90% of their energy re-

cement kiln operators in the region.

which means you don’t have to build a new specialised facility to take

ResourceCo has grown from a one-person operation in 1992 to over 400 staff operating in 21 locations in Australia and South-East Asia. ResourceCo has long-term partnerships with multinational groups such as SUEZ and Lafarge, and in Australia with Adelaide Brighton Cement. From its early days as a concrete crushing business, ResourceCo has expanded as an integrated resource recovery business and in 1998 developed a dedicated mixed waste processing operation that resulted in recycling concrete and asphalt. Working with Adelaide Brighton Ltd, ResourceCo developed Australia’s first PEF manufacturing plant in 2006. The company recycles more than 95% of incoming materials while processing over two million tonnes of materials annually.

the alternative fuel. All that is required is a feed system and the right

ResourceCo Pty Ltd

blend of PEF to complement the cement facility’s processes.

quirement from alternative fuels, and while this is extremely rare, up to 50% is definitely doable,” Sawley said. “In South-East Asia, the substitution rate is estimated at less than 5%, so the opportunity is huge regarding what we can do there to turn relevant waste streams into PEF,” he said. “The advantage of working with cement kilns is that their process naturally removes all pollutants from the combustion emissions and the ash left over is incorporated into the cement product itself. They are the perfect alternative-burning facility. They’re already established,

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 15

Lismore City Council solves sludge-pump choking problems

Lismore City Council was having chronic

achieve was to limit choking to once

cover that can easily be removed, if

problems with its digester pump choking

or twice per week by installing one of

necessary, to inspect pump internals.

at its South Lismore sewage treatment

Gorman-Rupp’s self-cleaning wear plates.

The Eradicator system is available on

The council was then told of Gorman-

all Gorman-Rupp Super T Series pump

The pump would choke on a daily

Rupp’s new Eradicator Solids Management

models, so the range can achieve flows

basis during its job of turning over the

System and wanted to try it. The Eradicator

from 5 L/s through to 150 L/s and deliver

digester, according to Matt Potter and

system features an aggressive self-cleaning

heads to 40 metres, all while working

Brad Hampson at the plant. They were

wear plate incorporating a number of

on suction lifts to 7.6 m. Because they

using a Gorman-Rupp T3A3S-B self-

notches and grooves, as well as a patent-

are self-priming pumps, the pumps

priming sewage pump, but the sheer

pending lacerating tooth that helps break

can be located at ground level, giving

number of rags made it very difficult

up stringy materials (such as rags), scrape

operators easy and safe access to the

for even this excellent solids handling

them off the impeller vanes and pass them

pumps for monitoring and/or service,

pump to pass all the rags, all the time.

through the pump — all without impacting

unlike submersible pumps which require


Over the years, they tried different

performance or interrupting service.

cranes and several operators to access.

wear plates (even from different

A special cover plate with the system also

And wet well lids stay closed with

companies), but the best they could

includes a patented lightweight inspection

self-priming pumps so that operators are not exposed to falling into the wet well when anything needs to be done with the pumps. Clearance adjustments, oil changes and general inspections only take minutes, which adds up to massive savings in time over the life of the pump. As the new system is available as an upgrade kit for existing Super T, Lismore council installed one of these into its existing Gorman-Rupp T3. The pump then ran for 3 months without a single choke. In the same period, they would have expected to have between 12 and 24 chokes. Potter, Hampson and their colleagues at the council were very pleased with the result. Hydro Innovations

16 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017


MANAGING ASSETS When TRILITY considered developing a new water treatment plant near Perth in 2010, its team of executives and number crunchers sat down in the Company’s Adelaide head office to assess a proposed 37-year contract to design, build and operate the 240 ML per day facility.


et the Company’s Asset Manager, Matt Gulliver, was thousands of kilometres away, walking through the West Australian bushland. The manager whose job it is to determine how much TRILITY and its partners should bid to build, refurbish and maintain a project serving WA’s parched Goldfields region was in hiking boots, shorts and a hat trekking along a 5km section of pipeline fundamental to the operation of the WA facility. “I needed to see the asset,” Gulliver says today. “I needed to get a feel for it well beyond a desktop review and understand what we were committing to before we submitted the tender. “Walking the length of that section of water pipeline not only helped me shape our offer but I also found a leak which I duly reported to the prospective client before heading back to Adelaide.” TRILITY would go on to lead a consortium to deliver the $300 million project and, seven years on, the facility is running at optimum levels. For Matt Gulliver, building an understanding about the full life cycle of a facility and its operation is at the core of the asset management challenge. “We have challenges at the design and procurement stage across most projects, primarily around whole of life costing,” he says. “It’s not widely appreciated that the majority of the asset’s cost over its life is set as soon as the designer draws the asset on a drawing. “Another major challenge is at the end of the asset’s life, where decommissioned assets need to be maintained to keep them safe and there’s usually no money or interest in this.

18 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

“Or the many aging assets such as the majority of Australia’s water pipelines that were installed in the 70’s and 80’s and are now nearing end of life. “And then there are all sorts of challenges in-between. “At its core, asset management is about looking after assets to ensure that they perform as required. TRILITY must know what assets it has, where they are, what condition they are in, how they are performing and have clear and costed plans for their future that include both maintenance plans and renewal or refurbishment plans. “Ensuring that the asset performs to the required service level is key and doing that at the lowest life cycle cost is now imperative,” Gulliver says. “Gone are the days of just following the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) manual, or creating preventive maintenance tasks as knee jerk reactions to issues or budgeting purely based on historical costs. “A robust, transparent and repeatable process is the expectation — from the client to the regulator. And the customer wants the lowest cost service with the highest reliability and quality.” Gulliver spends a week each month out on TRILITY sites. The Company’s operations extend across Australia and into New Zealand, and it runs an Asset Management Team out of regional locations as well as head office in Adelaide. Sites in Berri in South Australia, Townsville in Queensland and Ballarat in Victoria deliver asset management services to the company’s operations nationally. Then there are the tools that are needed to deliver the “robust, transparent and repeatable process” Gulliver and his

“We now have a MOMS refresh underway and a number of machine learning (ML) projects underway and we’re now able to ‘read the waves’, choose which wave to ‘catch’, be ‘paddling’ so we're ahead of the ‘wave’ and not just ‘riding’ it or being ‘wiped out’.” team oversee at TRILITY. New and improved asset management tools are being steadily integrated into day to day operations for TRILITY” — and he utilises a surfing analogy to describe the changes underway. “The ‘swell’ around using big data, predictive analytics and the internet of things is really starting to grow,” he says. “TRILITY has been experimenting in this area for the past five years and has made solid advances in the last 18 months. The advance has come from a maturing in the ‘swell’ and its direction is better understood. “TRILITY has readied itself by adding operational technology resources to asset management and investing resources into trialling different offerings in the manufacturing operations management system (MOMS), and machine learning (ML) space. “We now have a MOMS refresh underway and a number of ML projects underway and we’re now able to ‘read the waves’, choose which wave to ‘catch’, be ‘paddling’ so we’re ahead of the ‘wave’ and not just ‘riding’ it or being ‘wiped out’.” TRILITY’s SAP system also plays a key role in daily business of the Asset Management Team. SAP was deployed across TRILITY in 2012 and Gulliver’s team is seeing the benefits of the architecture behind modules such as Plant Maintenance including, in his words, “the right level of granularity of our data, as well as the right practices in the field”. “By linking purchase orders to work orders, we now have well over twice the amount of work order history,” he says. “We also have good behaviours in terms of raising the right type of work order for the job.” The introduction of ISO55001 — the first ISO standard for asset management — enables companies to supersede previous standards. Gulliver says, “This is an important step forward for asset management professionals.

“There is now a benchmark to compare your asset management system to ‘best practice’,” he says. “Some commentators have written that ISO55001 will have ten times the impact of the quality standard, which is ISO9001. “This analysis suggests that institutions such as banks and insurance companies will now ask your business to be accredited to receive lower premiums.” Gulliver says, “Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s) have also been an important focus to ensure continuous improvement in asset management. “Choosing the right KPI’s to ring the right alarm bells and having the right data to be able to produce these KPI’s is critical,” he says. “Using the famous saying ‘what is not measured is not improved’, we measure and discuss these results regularly with all our teams around Australia. “And, ultimately, we see the improvement.”


Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 19

Alternative models for funding water infrastructure A new report from the Australian Water Association (AWA) looks at the current issues surrounding water infrastructure funding and considers ways in which new funding models present serious business opportunities for investors. AWA CEO Jonathan McKeown said it is going to be crucial for the sector to look at alternative ways to pay for water infrastructure projects if it is to meet Australia’s growing needs. He stated, ©

“Unprecedented burdens on existing infrastructure caused by urbanisation, climate change and our booming population means current funding models have simply not been able to keep up.” In the discussion paper ‘Alternative models for financing water infrastructure’, written with ANZ and law firm Allens,

our report shed light on some of the viable

also reduce pressure on the balance sheets

the association recognises increased

alternatives available to the government,

of state governments. Most importantly,

synergies between our water infrastructure

private sector and community alike.”

these alternative sources of finance will

needs and the capacity of private sector

The discussion paper presents a number

enable water infrastructure projects to

finance. Utilities have been forced to

of financing models for water infrastructure

proceed to meet the requirements of our

increase their borrowings in recent years,

projects, as well as case studies on how

expanding population.”

with consequential impacts on their

these models have been used already and

“Investors want surety and long-term

commercial performance and ability to

their application to the water industry. The

vision,” added Kate Axup, a partner at

take on additional debt.

paper also identifies new opportunities for

Allens. “Innovative funding models such

“As the need to upgrade water

developments that can meet future needs.

as those proposed in our report balance

infrastructure becomes increasingly

“Alternative financing models that

the needs of investors, governments and

apparent, so does the need to understand

decrease the cost of capital to utilities,

the community ensuring new, sustainable

the funding implications and options,” said

particularly in our regional and rural areas, can

water infrastructure into the future.”

Katharine Tapley, head of Sustainable

lead to more affordable projects and reduce


Finance, ANZ. “The models outlined in

costs on water users,” said McKeown. “It will

20 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Eco Action

Modelling best placement of green infrastructure to reduce urban heat


numerical tool for designing Water Sensitive

Designed by the CRCWSC, the evidence-based Toolkit

Cities — a concept closely aligned with water

provides a range of tools for quantifying the benefits of installing

wise cities — is creating demonstrated impact in

green infrastructure in a particular context. Importantly, it

places like the City of Unley, Adelaide.

empowers users to be more strategic when guiding their

Unley faced a problem common to many urban

planning and decision-making.

communities. How can planners and utilities best configure

“The tool lets you map out a region so that you can

their implementation of green infrastructure — elements

pick areas [for implementing green infrastructure] that make

like trees in streetscapes, vegetated green walls and roofs,

sense,” explained CRCWSC researcher Dr Peter Bach. “You

and technology for recycling stormwater?

can use it to validate your existing drone data to determine

For Unley, a specific question centred on mitigating

if they are representative. And you can construct alternative

rising heat in its major streets, reflecting that familiar

scenarios — like ‘What happens under X, Y, or Z plans for

city experience in which hard impervious surfaces retain

a particular area?’

the day’s heat to create ‘islands’ that remain hotter than

“And with the Toolkit’s microclimate module, the Unley

surrounding areas. Greening streetscapes can powerfully cool

case study also showed that we can really efficiently input

those same concreted environments — a specific benefit for

local data to simulate heat mapping, and to visualise different

which communities are willing to pay. In fact, households in

strategies for mitigating heat.” For professionals such as Mellissa Bradley from Water Sensitive SA, the tool is well timed. She is dealing with challenges like ‘underperforming asphalt’ and needs innovative approaches. “The true value of the Toolkit is in its costeffectiveness, and its capacity to let users explore and compare scenarios,” said Bradley. For councils and water utilities, the other big benefit is that the heat models provide an invaluable communications aid. Maps of heat across streetscapes, and visuals of ‘beforeand-after’ scenarios, enable people to ‘see’ the outcomes of infrastructure work and participate in discussions without needing to engage with the technical details. But with integrated urban water management at its core, the Toolkit has intuitive benefits for utilities as well as governments.

Melbourne and Sydney are willing to pay between $47–81/

It supports needs ranging from planning at regional scales

year for cooler summer temperatures according to research

to quantifying the benefits of harvesting and recycling water

by the Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive

sources like stormwater as part of a portfolio of supply options.

Cities (CRCWSC).

Those linkages recognise the inter-agency value of greening

But deploying green innovations effectively requires data

cities. Not only can organisations such as councils and water

on where and how implementations will improve temperatures

utilities benefit individually from more powerful ways to

— and by how much. This has traditionally been an information

strategically plan their projects, but the new generation of

gap, with some planners recently resorting to drone flyovers

tools — such as the Toolkit — increasingly enable councils,

and state-of-the-art thermal imaging equipment. Despite the

utilities and communities of water wise cities to band

expense of such methods (which can cost $60K for just 4

together to achieve benefits for livability, cooling, wellbeing,

flight hours), the data from aerial surveys are more detailed

water and irrigation.

than required, and may not represent how the surveyed area’s temperature behaves over time. Now, a new tool — part of the Water Sensitive Cities Modelling Toolkit — allows planners to replace or complement drone data by drawing on recent advances in urban heat modelling.

For more on the Water Sensitive Cities Toolkit, visit: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 21

Solar success for Victorian bulb farm P Aker Flowerbulbs is a bulb farm located

managing director, said the company started

at Silvan, Victoria, in the rich volcanic soil

on the design by taking the solar usage

area of the Dandenong Ranges. Energy is

interval data which is now available from

one of the major overheads of the farm,

the smart meters that have been installed

due to the need to power different cool

throughout Victoria.

rooms at a precise temperature depending on the species of bulb.

“We used this to determine the size of the solar system that would be required and the

“We only started in Australia in the

economic justification for the capital cost,”

1980s and sell tulips, lilies, irises, gladioli,

said Martin. “The data allowed us to do an

hyacinths, daffodils and other bulbs,” said

accurate cost-benefit analysis.

the company’s managing director, Matt

“We recommended a system with 231

Blom. “Our cool rooms have to maintain

Trina Smart panels coupled with Tigo DC

a precise temperature ranging from 30+

optimisation as we have always received

to -1.5°C, depending on the species.

high yields from this system with remote

“The purpose of the temperature control

live time monitoring, which allows us to

is to put the bulb to sleep so that our

provide timely maintenance and quickly

customer, the flower grower, can produce

detect any problems.

flowers all year round.”

“The monitoring results are also beamed

Blom said P Aker Flowerbulbs is now on track to substantially reduce its energy costs, relying on solar power during the day and off-peak grid power during the night. “But even so, we are currently exploring the economics of the use of batteries in conjunction with our solar,” he said. “We expect to save the capital cost of the system in five years, with savings of

After averaging $60,000 a year on

to the head office of Aker Flowerbulbs in

energy, the company recruited energy

Holland and they have been so impressed that

management company AEES Group to

they have moved to install their own solar

to $176,010, or 31%, in year 10.”

design and install a solar system to help

system based on the Australian experience,”

Trina Solar

reduce costs. Richard Martin, AEES Group

he said.

$13,497, or 32%, in year one and continuing

From coal to biomass: converting a power plant Britain’s EPH Lynemouth Power has awarded Emerson a contract to help convert the 44-year-old coal-fired Lynemouth Power Station to a biomass-fuelled power plant. When the conversion is complete in late 2017, the plant will be fuelled by approximately 1.4 million tons of wood waste per year, supplying the national grid with up to 390 MW of low-carbon electricity. As main automation contractor and main electrical contractor, Emerson will be responsible for helping the project come online within budget and on time. This includes responsibility for demolition, engineering, installation, start-up, commissioning and coordination

Power & Water, Emerson Automation Solutions. “From a planning

of work among multiple suppliers

perspective, having a single interface and contract for design, engineering

and contractors.

and delivery improves overall project efficiency. On the operational

Emerson offers a single integrated automation platform for all applications

side, utilising one technology platform will simplify plant operation and enhance plant performance on an ongoing basis.”

— turbine, boiler, fuel handling and

According to Yeager, the demand for biomass-fuelled power is

balance-of-plant processes, as well

growing as utilities diversify their generating portfolio to meet evolving

as electrical systems. This capability,

environmental mandates. Unfortunately, biomass power plants are

along with the company’s project

challenging to operate because the moisture content of biomass fuels

management expertise, was critical

can vary, having a negative impact on plant performance. Technology

in EPH Lynemouth Power’s decision

integrated into Ovation continuously monitors fuel for moisture content,

to select Emerson and its Ovation

adjusting combustion air as necessary to improve plant efficiency and

distributed control system for this

reduce maintenance costs.


“We are helping the industry meet its targets by seamlessly bridging

“Relying on a single supplier and

the automation and electrical aspects of these projects, resulting in

a single technology platform for both

a total solution that has a positive impact on the plant’s commercial

the automation and electrical scope

and operational success,” said Yeager.

provides our client a number of

Emerson Automation Solutions

benefits,” said Bob Yeager, president,

22 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Crafting a community

Marrickville housing development gets underway Lauren Davis

Real estate group Mirvac has unveiled its hotly anticipated plans for Marrick & Co, a residential development set to be located in the heart of Sydney’s Inner West.


t all started back in 1990, when Marrickville Council

Marrick & Co, the proposed name for the new site, would serve

(now Inner West Council) bought the site of the recently

as a multipurpose development, featuring the library and community

closed Marrickville Hospital. Council had always planned

hub, a variety of housing options (including nine affordable units for

to turn the increasingly dilapidated site into a library

council), a public park, playground areas and more. The aesthetic

and community hub, funded by the redevelopment of

was inspired by the industrial heritage of Marrickville along with the

the remainder of the site into housing. It was not until 2012, however,

‘pitched roof’ design of the future library, created by BVN. Accord-

after many years of community consultation, that a library design

ing to Ksenia Totoeva, from the design team at TZG Architects, the

competition was held, with BVN Architecture emerging as the winner.

varied skyline creates a playful look which reflects the residential

Three years later Mirvac came into the picture, proposing to de-

feel of Marrickville.

velop over 220 apartments and terrace homes on the site. The group

“The buildings have their own unique design aesthetic drawn from

successfully won the tender to deliver both the housing project and

the diversity of building styles in Marrickville,” noted Tim Greer, owner

the library, as well as the preservation and restoration of heritage

of TZG Architects. “The facade features a series of chevrons which

buildings including the then 118-year-old hospital (as part of the library)

articulate the building by echoing the roof form of the surrounding

and nurses’ quarters as part of the housing development.

buildings and library roof.

24 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

sustainable housing

We’ve taken the elements on the site, the public access, the framework of the library, the access to solar… and actually crafted a new habitat.

only about enjoyment but also has a role to play in the collection of rainwater as part of the water filtration for the site,” said Greer. “It’s very unusual for an apartment building, cos it has these really significant pieces of outdoor space that are passive and utterly recreational.” Residents will enjoy access to a shared street library, a community kitchen garden and tool shed, and a roof terrace with BBQ facilities. Other sustainability features will include electric vehicle charging facilities, a ‘green switch’ which turns off all appliances except the essentials, rainwater recycling and an entry wall made of recycled brick. The library, meanwhile, will feature FSC-certified white mahogany, skylights and natural ventilation, with a green wall outside to keep out noise and pollution. “We’ve approached this almost like an ecologist, a renewal ecologist, approaches a damaged environment,” said Kim Bazeley, a senior architect at Mirvac Design. “We’ve taken the elements on the site, the public access, the framework of the library, the access to solar… and actually crafted a new habitat.” Marrick & Co is the first residential project in NSW, and the largest residential development of its type, to receive One Planet Living Community certification from Bioregional Australia. Incorporating principles such as culture and community as well as zero waste and sustainable water, One Planet Living is an international framework that helps people lead happy and healthy lives within the Earth’s finite resources. “The future of our cities is in learning how to develop communities that have high living standards and quality of life, whilst at the same “When we designed the building, we deliberately set out not to

time prospering from the resource limits of our one and only planet,”

design a perfect, seamless, perfectly controlled building,” continued

said Suzette Jackson, executive director of Bioregional Australia.

Greer. “We wanted to make it out of a series of little buildings, if

“Bioregional Australia Foundation is very excited by the commitment

you like, with diverse elements. So part of the fun of the architecture

of Mirvac to this journey.”

was bringing these different motifs together.” The other aspect the designers focused on, said Totoeva, was the use of outdoor space. The public park, for instance, will be a multi-

With construction set to begin mid-2017 and completion expected in 2019, all those involved in the project agree that its success so far is down to one key factor: collaboration.

function area that can utilised by council for events such as outdoor

“The collaborative way in which both council and Mirvac have

cinema screenings and market stalls. TZG and Mirvac even agreed

approached this project is a game changer for future development,”

to remove an entire building in order to create a brand new space

said Mirvac’s general manager of residential development NSW &

called The Common — a tree-lined lawn area where the public and

major projects, Toby Long.

private domains overlap.

“The needs and wants of the community have been put first and

“Being at the centre of the site means that the buildings around

foremost in the design and provision of both public and private amen-

the perimeter open on to a beautiful landscaped space, which is not

ity. This project reinforces Mirvac’s purpose to reimagine urban life.”

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 25


smart buidings

A central nervous system for buildings Helmut Macht, CTO, Siemens Building Technologies

Networked, energy self-sufficient, adaptable and, above all, smart — that is what the building of the future should be. Rapidly advancing digitalisation in building technology will soon make this vision a reality.


hether it is ICT, the automobile industry, media,

In essence, the building is constructed twice: first on the computer

entertainment, finance or pharmaceuticals, the

(virtually) and then in the real world (physically). This is referred

digital transformation has spread to virtually

to as the ‘digital twins’.

every sector and begun to change markets with

Since planning for the various disciplines takes place at the same

new competitors and business models. Now

time, it is possible to create coordinated multidiscipline solutions.

digitalisation is taking hold in building technol-

In the past, this was difficult to achieve because of the project

ogy, fundamentally changing the way buildings will be planned,

award practices in use. Virtual planning and the use of a common

constructed, used and, ultimately, managed.

data model allows early verification even of detailed variants in

The potential offered by digitalisation is enormous even if you

order to optimise the building.

look at nothing but energy consumption: buildings not only account

What impact does the choice of a specific type of facade have on

for more than 40% of global energy consumption and a majority of

the construction and investment costs as well as on maintenance,

all CO2 emissions, they are also one of the largest expense items

cleaning and user comfort later on? How does an additional door

in a company’s balance sheet. Operating costs make up almost

affect future evacuation scenarios, comfort and heating costs?

80% of the total costs across the entire life cycle. For this rea-

If such questions can be answered before ground is broken, it

son, efficient, automatic monitoring, as well as control of lighting,

becomes possible to make construction projects more cost effec-

ventilation, heating and security systems, are important levers. In

tive, straightforward and sustainable and to operate buildings more

new construction, this has already become a reality. But the true

safely, comfortably and efficiently.

revolution is taking place behind the scenes.

In the past, end-to-end building information modelling failed because the technical requirements could not be met. Cloud com-

The digital twin

puting — virtually unlimited computing power and storage capacity

In contrast to today’s practice of doing planning work while con-

as well as uninterrupted availability of networks and end devices

struction has already begun, Building Information Modelling (BIM)

— has eliminated the obstacles that made implementation difficult

is centred on planning the entire building with all its disciplines

before. At least in theory. Broad-based adoption is still hampered

all at once and then simulating, testing and, if needed, correcting

by the fragmentation of the various sectors encompassing many

it in a virtual data model. This makes it easy to eliminate errors

stakeholders with different interests. The companies and people

and inconsistencies in the software — instead of having to do it at

who work on the individual processes or disciplines within a build-

the construction site where it is a much more laborious process.

ing have traditionally acted independently. The close coordination

26 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017


Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 27

smart buidings

achieved through BIM is a novel concept and requires customised process steps and business models. Other limiting factors include

Smart buildings determine consumption

the comparatively high purchase costs of suitable systems, a lack

as well as current and predictive user

of standards and interfaces as well as the fact that only a few

demand, control themselves and procure

manufacturers to date have been able to provide BIM-compatible data for their components. In addition, current project award practices are such that ‘digital’ planning and simulation are typically neither budgeted for nor reflected in the fee schedules. Nevertheless, an ever increasing number of public construction

energy only when it is in adequate supply and available at a reasonable rate. This is how building intelligence will ultimately help stabilise the entire power grid.

and infrastructure projects now require BIM, and at the EU level its introduction has already been decided.

This aspect is becoming more important as the call for ‘zero net energy buildings’ is increasing at the European level. Smart buildings

Communicating and evaluating everything

meet this demand because they do not simply consume energy, they

Another cornerstone of digitalisation in building technology is the

also generate it using local systems such as photovoltaics, wind

Internet of Things — the internetworking of machines, devices,

power or combined heat and power plants (CHP). This is what is

components, sensors, actuators and other objects. This conver-

known as distributed generation. Any excess energy generated by

gence between the real and the digital world is the foundation for

the building is fed into a general power grid or stored locally, for

connecting the different disciplines in a building and for creating

example in electric vehicles connected to the building and used as

new digital services and building models. Remote service solutions,

temporary batteries while they are not being driven.

for instance, make it possible to detect and correct component

Smart buildings determine consumption as well as current and

problems quickly and efficiently from virtually anywhere. Preventive

predictive user demand, control themselves and procure energy

maintenance concepts minimise downtimes because components

only when it is in adequate supply and available at a reasonable

are able to notify their manufacturer at the first sign of trouble —

rate. This is how building intelligence will ultimately help stabilise

long before there is actual damage which would cause disruption.

the entire power grid. Today’s cloud-based building and energy

Today, business continuity is a vital factor in business planning.

management platforms from Siemens are important approaches

Sensors, actuators and similar devices supply a wealth of valuable information, most of which remains unused. Intelligent evaluation

towards that goal.

using big data applications could combine these massive but un-

The evolution of buildings

structured amounts of data into meaningful performance indicators

Digitalisation will take buildings into a new dimension in terms of

— in real time if needed. Smart algorithms evaluate trends and

efficiency, security and comfort. Because sensors are everywhere

recognise patterns in user behaviour or consumption, thus enabling

and the data they supply is evaluated intelligently, buildings will

informed decisions, predictive strategies and continuous optimisa-

become dynamic ecosystems that respond intelligently to their

tion. This, together with sophisticated self-optimisation functions,

environment and leverage their benefits over the long term in

gives buildings a central nervous system — making them smart.

conjunction with other buildings and infrastructures (‘smart grids’). The digital transformation in building technology will bring about

Smart buildings increase productivity and save energy

a paradigm shift for the entire industry: it will lead to new and

Building users benefit from such building intelligence. Since the

openness and transparency will be key; closed and proprietary

indoor environment is perfectly balanced in terms of lighting, air

systems will be big losers. This transformation process will lead

quality, temperature and humidity, they feel comfortable. This, in

to opportunities that can only flourish in the digital world. However,

turn, has a positive impact on their productivity at work. In addition,

new business models have already begun to change the rules of

smart buildings also have a positive effect on energy efficiency.

the game and have the potential to shift the balance of power in

Image courtesy of Siemens

changing business models. Software will become a central factor;

the marketplace. As a result, classic competitive situations will give way to more complex constellations where, through a network of partnerships and alliances, companies are interconnected in ecosystems but at the same time act as competitors in the market. It also means that partnerships between traditional industrial enterprises and large IT players will play a much more significant role. The alliance between Siemens and IBM is a targeted response to this development. For further information on the Building Technologies Division, visit Siemens Ltd

28 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Eco Action

Advanced oxidation process for taste and odour removal

© Merkushev


-Water owns and operates the Sung-Nam Water

Ozone is produced by three Wedeco PDO 1000 ozone

Treatment Plant (WTP) in Sung-Nam Metro-City,

generators, with a total capacity of 51 kg ozone per hour,

providing drinking water to Sung-Nam, Yong-

fed with liquid oxygen. The ozone feed is combined with

in and Suwon City. It serves over 3 million

hydrogen peroxide to form hydroxyl radicals — highly

people and a beverage industry filling over 45,000 bottles

effective oxidising agents and the key to T&O destruction.

of drinking water per day.

Xylem also provided the underground hydrogen peroxide

Seasonal algal blooms cause taste and odour, leading

storage and the delivery system that efficiently mixes the

to complaints

ozone and hydrogen peroxide via two DN 1000 diameter

Seasonal algal blooms in the Han-River, the Sung-Nam

ozone injection lines. Following injection, the water flows

WTP water source, produce elevated levels of taste and

through two separate concrete contact tanks for reaction

odour (T&O) compounds like geosmin and 2-MIB. These

and degassing.

T&O compounds are difficult to remove and can only be

Taste and odour complaints eliminated

eliminated through high-strength oxidation.

The reliable and efficient Wedeco ozone generating technology,

Difficult T&O compounds require advanced solutions

as well as the outstanding engineering work done by the

To assure the delivery of high-quality water, South Korea

Xylem team, enabled K-Water to supply high-quality water

invested over US$70 billion to build additional advanced

to its customers, regardless of the season. Highly efficient

water treatment facilities utilising advanced oxidation

ozone generation and mixing reduce operational expenditures.

processes (AOPs) in combination with activated carbon

The Wedeco MiPro eco3 AOP system completely removes

filtration. An AOP system, combining ozone and hydrogen

taste and odour causing compounds, eliminating customer

peroxide, would effectively remove these compounds

complaints and delivering dependable quality.

and other contaminants of emerging concern, delivering dependable, high-quality water to residential and industrial

End user:



Flow rate:

34,390 m³/h

Ozone dose:

2 g/m³

H2O2 dose:

0.5 ppm

2-MIB removal:

0.5 LOG

To remove T&O compounds at Sung-Nam WTP, Xylem provided a complete AOP system. K-Water chose Wedeco because the brand offered reliable ozone generating technology, experience in engineering work and efficient mixing technology for operational savings. The Wedeco MiPro eco3 system oxidises taste and odour compounds, destroying them and other organic contaminants.

30 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017


Solar power for the aged-care sector With Perth’s aged-care industry rapidly

“The use of solar means lower power

growing, energy consultancy Perdaman

consumption costs, obvious benefits

Advanced Energy (PAE) is helping the

for the environment and greater social

sector to become more financially and


environmentally sustainable.

“The return on investment has

“While the aged-care industry as a

improved significantly in the last few

whole doesn’t have a reputation for being

years.” In addition to the SCC project,

quick to embrace new technology, the

PAE has also assisted aged-care

move towards large-scale retirement and

provider Bethanie with its electricity

aged-care village developments means

supply procurement, identifying steps the

the industry is ripe for using clean energy like solar,” said PAE

organisation can take to reduce its total portfolio electricity costs

Managing Director Dominic Da Cruz.

by over $250,000 annually. The company is additionally working on

“Aged care is a growth sector in terms of investment and growth, so factors such as energy use become more important in

the development of a microgrid for a series of planned retirement villages, which would ensure lower-cost electricity for residents.

the overall success of facilities.”

“Our aim is to engage other retirement and aged-care providers

Da Cruz said the company had just completed a $700,000 project

— not just in WA but across the country — and provide microgrid

for Southern Cross Care (SCC), installing solar energy systems

and solar energy solutions for as many villages as possible,” said

across five of its retirement villages in the Perth metropolitan

Da Cruz. PAE Chairman Vikas Rambal said there has “never been a

area. Generating approximately 657,940 kWh annually, the 328 kW

more exciting time” to be involved in the clean-energy and aged-care

of solar photovoltaic systems will provide between 19 and 30% of

sectors, “as both industries are experiencing unprecedented growth”.

the electricity required by each site, reducing the carbon impact of the sites by 539 tonnes of CO2 per year. “We’re now at an interesting time for the clean energy industry

“We’re confident this is just the beginning of revolutionising retirement villages and ensuring more aged-care operators follow suit by making the change to clean energy,” said Rambal.

because production costs have lowered, making the use of solar

Perdaman Advanced Energy

much more appealing, especially for growth industries,” said Da Cruz.

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Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 31

Sports ground gets a solar-powered sewer Solar technology is being used to power a pressure sewer system at the Truemans Road Recreation Reserve on the Mornington Peninsula, futureproofing sports club facilities for the local community and opening up new possibilities for the provision of wastewater facilities in remote areas. The milestone comes courtesy of South East Water’s Peninsula ECO project, which involves the connection of more than 16,500 properties on the Mornington Peninsula to an intelligent pressure sewer network that is able to cope with the region’s peak season usage. It is also tackling the issue of failing septic tanks, which can cause pollution of groundwater and waterways.

Charlie Littlefair, General Manager for Asset Creation at South East Water, Councillor Antonella Celi of Mornington Peninsula Shire Council and Daniel Mulino MP, Member for Eastern Victoria, with members of the local soccer and cricket clubs that will benefit from the solar-powered sewer installation.

With Mornington Peninsula Shire Council facing repairs to an ageing septic

the reticulated network and on to the water

powered by renewable energy.” Kevin

tank system serving the reserve’s busy

recycling plant, regardless of the time of

Hutchings, managing director for South

club rooms, South East Water saw an

day or season. For council, the result is a

East Water, added that the project highlights

opportunity to showcase its solar-powered

reliable, cost-effective reticulated sewer

the benefits that solar-powered pressure

pressure sewer technology, which uses

connection located off the electricity grid,

sewer technology can deliver in remote

solar PV panels as the source of energy

minimising construction and operating costs

and rural communities.

for the pressure sewer pump and OneBox

and freeing up more space in the reserve.

“Areas with unreliable power, or no

controller. Flows are remotely managed

“The use of solar-powered, intelligent

power at all, can still take advantage

on an individual property basis, removing

sewer technology will deliver significant

of pressure sewer technology and the

peaks and troughs and enabling the use

benefits for residents of the Mornington

environmental and cost benefits it delivers,”

of smaller pipes.

Peninsula by extending access to pressure

he said. “It’s an important step forward in

The project successfully demonstrated

sewerage services,” said Member for Eastern

improving the livability and sustainability

that solar power supported by battery

Victoria Daniel Mulino. “This cutting-edge

of our communities.”

technology can be used to pump wastewater

technology will also result in gains for the

South East Water Ltd

from the pressure sewer holding tank to

environment as more equipment will be

NCH offers advanced Wastewater solutions minimizing energy, water and maintenance costs.

Visit our stand at OzWater 2017 Stand SU11 Contact us for more info:

32 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017



The MEMCOR® MemPulse® MBR System achieves increased effluent quality while reducing energy requirements by 3060% compared with conventional MBR aeration.

A low-maintenance wastewater solution using Australian technology and membranes was implemented at the North Head Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). This has resulted in a number of benefits including: improved water conservation and energy efficiency, higher quality output, lower operation/maintenance costs and minimal environmental impact.


eing one of the largest wastewater treatment facilities in Sydney, the North Head STP uses a large amount of potable water in the various processes of the plant. Drought across Australia prompted the increasing implementation of recycled water regulations. With these tightened regulations in 2005, the Sydney Water Corporation (SWC) sought a viable alternative to the STP’s water source. In addition to abiding by new restrictions, the plant’s location within a national park necessitated a solution that would have minimal impact on its surroundings, while still producing the required quality and quantity of water. A membrane bioreactor (MBR) system from Evoqua was chosen for the recycled water plant due to its ability to provide consistent high-quality water, within a small footprint at lower capital and operating costs. Additionally, MBR technology allows a high sludge concentration and replaces clarification with membrane filtration and therefore requires relatively low maintenance with cleaning conducted while the membrane modules remain in the tank. The result has little impact on the surrounding environment. The MBR system comprises separate aerated, anoxic and solids separation zones. Filtrate from the membrane zone is dosed with sodium hypochlorite to provide a chlorine contact time (CT) of at least 30 mg/L min. The membranes are hollow fibre with a 0.04µm nominal pore size. Screened settled sewage is pumped into the anoxic zone and mixed with a mixed liquor return. This combination then passes into the aerobic zone. Pumps draw from the aerobic zone and deliver mixed liquor to the membranes in the membrane operating systems (MOS). Advantages of the Evoqua MEMCOR® MBR system include: • Smaller footprint and high water quality output • Low maintenance system requirement • System longevity and performance • Long-term ability to meet regulatory criteria • Environmentally sound investment

Using the MBR system, the plant’s filtered water is drawn through membrane fibres by a suction pump to produce high-quality treated water. Simultaneously, the membranes are constantly scoured by an air/liquid mixture using MEMCOR® membrane bioreactor technology. Filtrate flows to chlorine contact tanks for disinfection before use in the treatment works, while mixed liquor recycles to the anoxic zone. Stable membrane performance is maintained by two types of routine cleaning. During weekly maintenance cleans, dilute hypochlorite is used as backwash. The three-monthly clean in place (CIP) is a much more rigorous cleaning process, involving removal of mixed liquor from the MOS, followed by washing. In 2007, Sydney Water undertook a detailed study of the plant’s MBR system to determine its effectiveness in removing microorganisms. The results were log reduction values (LRV) in the range of 4.7 – 6.2 for F-specific RNA bacteriophage, 5.4 – 6.7 for E. coli and 3.7 – 5.2 for somatic coliphage. The MBR also reduced Cryptosporidium, Giardia and human enteric viruses present in the influent to below detectable levels. These log reduction values exceeded most of the LRV range given for membrane filtration in the 2007 Australian Guidelines for Water Recycling (AGWR), despite being limited by the number of microorganisms present in the influent, proving that the MBR system is an effective and beneficial solution for pathogen removal, as well as high quality water output. Evoqua Water Technologies has been leading the membrane industry for over 30 years and has had a dedicated MBR team since 1995. Our MBR technology is currently in operation in over 150 municipal and industrial plants worldwide and has been proven to deliver greater effluent and productivity at a reduced life-cycle cost. The company's global R&D and sole membrane manufacturing facility is located in Windsor, NSW.

Evoqua Water Technologies Pty Ltd Ph 1300 661 809 Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 33

Solar heating enhances air quality in schools A Massey University construction

for solar heating, it is common sense to

professor was recognised at the 2016

use free solar energy for heating the air,”

New Zealand Institute of Building Awards

said Professor Phipps. “However, this

for her work on a solar heating project

is a novel concept in most countries.”

in New Zealand schools.

Results suggested that classrooms

Professor Robyn Phipps was highly

with roof-mounted solar ventilation

commended for the James Hardie

units require less conventional heating

Innovation Award for her leadership

than adjacent classrooms, reducing the

on the project, funded by the Health

cost of heating in schools by up to 2.5

Research Council of New Zealand and

times. An air quality test, conducted in

Lottery Health. The aim of the initiative

association with GNS Science, meanwhile

was to improve health and indoor climate

found that the solar ventilation unit had

in low-decile classrooms with a low-cost

a positive impact in decreasing PM10

solar ventilation unit.

(particulate matter smaller than 10 µm)

Nine out of 10 New Zealand classrooms

increasing classroom ventilation rate in

concentrations by a factor of 1.5 in the

are naturally ventilated through open

winter is needed. Professor Phipps’s project

treatment classroom.

windows. But due to the combination of a

found such a method in a solar air heater

high density of occupants and a reliance

from Danish company SolarVenti.

The study is also using genomics to identify bacteria collected by swabs

on natural ventilation, it is challenging to

Professor Phipps’ research team installed

taken from the children’s throats, which

provide these classrooms with adequate

roof-mounted SolarVenti solar air heater

acts as a measure of the trial’s success

ventilation — and, consequently, an

panels to heat fresh air and ventilate

in reducing student illness. “Analysis

acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ) —

classrooms in Palmerston North, 150 km

of the data is ongoing,” said Professor

during the winter months.

north of Wellington. The study involved 10

Phipps, “but it could be an effective tool

Conventional mechanical ventilation

primary classrooms in winter 2013 and 12

in reducing incidents of Streptococcus

systems are capital- and energy-

primary school classrooms in winter 2014.

within New Zealand schools.”

expensive, and are therefore not affordable

One school was added in 2014 to the 2013

for most NZ schools. Consequently, an

school sample. “As schools’ operating hours


alternative and affordable method for

coincide with peak daylight hours needed

Agrifood company acquires a biogas generator Agrifood company Rivalea is set to minimise its environmental footprint and reduce its energy consumption with an upcoming biogas generator installation. Conventional power generates around only 35% of primary energy as usable electricity and the rest is released into the atmosphere. The biogas fuel used by the Rivalea system will be captured from the natural breakdown of pig manure and turn a waste product into an energy source. The 2G Avus500plus unit, supplied by Evo Energy in a 12 m container module, offers combined heat and power technology that ensures energy efficiency of up to 90%. This means enormous cost savings as well as a massive reduction in carbon emissions. The installation is expected to generate around 25% of the site’s power per year, resulting in considerable energy cost savings for Rivalea. The project is estimated to offset over 28,000 per tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions, from grid and methane emissions avoided, every year.

“We are focused on initiatives that can improve our energy performance and reduce our environmental footprint,” said Ian

2G, a manufacturer of biogas cogeneration systems for

Longfield, Rivalea’s senior environmental officer. “Using biogas for

decentralised energy production, has commenced the Rivalea

energy is a major opportunity for the company to achieve both.”

custom build in its main production site in Heek, Germany. The

Evo Energy Technologies

build is expected to be installed in early 2017.

34 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Ageing treatment plant gets a makeover Thirty minutes north of the Sydney CBD,

“One of the main advantages, from my

fringed by the Ku-ring-gai Chase National

point of view, is that the BioGill system has

Park, you will find the Terrey Hills Golf

reduced the levels of nitrogen coming into

and Country Club. A former quarry site,

our irrigation water,” said Gill. “Previously,

the club opened in 1994 and is today

we had a high nitrogen water source which

renowned for its natural bushland and

played a major role in delivering more

close proximity to the city.

nitrogen to our turf surfaces without our

The course’s superintendent, Stuart

control, causing a variety of playability and

Gill, noted that the club is “committed to

turf health issues, including puffy turf that

environmental best practices and caring

is prone to mower scalping.”

for our natural assets, which includes

The BioGill treatment plant at the golf course.

treating our wastewater on-site for re-use

The plant is now fully compliant, with independent testing showing total nitrogen

on the course”. So when the club realised

an oxygen-rich habitat for microorganisms,

reduced from 40 mg/L to less than 8 mg/L,

that its ageing wastewater treatment plant

enabling them to grow and flourish. This

total BOD reductions from 340 mg/L to

was underperforming, it knew it had two

increases nutrient removal from wastewater,

less than 10 mg/L and soluble BOD in the

options: build an entirely new plant or

resulting in high-level reductions of BOD,

effluent reduced to undetectable levels.

upgrade the existing one.

COD and organics.

The plant is meeting all the treatment

After reviewing a variety of technology

The plant uses six BioGill Towers and four

platforms, the club decided to retrofit

custom-made submerged modules to treat

“Our makeover approach has saved

BioGill above-ground bioreactors to the

40,000 L/day of sewage from a residential

the club money, increased the treatment

existing plant. Developed by the Australian

estate and wastewater from the restaurant

performance and extended the life of the

Government, BioGill technology is based

kitchen and toilets at the club. The treated

existing plant,” said Gill.

on the premise of harnessing nature. Nano

wastewater is then re-used for subsurface

BioGill Operations Pty Limited

ceramic media, known as ‘gills’, provide

irrigation within the estate.

requirements from the local authorities.

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 35

ROTARY SCREW COMPRESSORS Kaeser Compressors has announced its latest generation DSD.3 series rotary screw compressors, featuring a high-performance Kaeser rotary screw compressor block equipped with the flow-optimised and energy-saving ‘Sigma Profile’ rotors. The series boasts up to 6% better power performance compared with previous models. It includes a ‘super premium efficiency’ IE4 electric motor that complies with and exceeds prevailing Australian GEMS regulations for three-phase electric motors, while also contributing to lower energy costs. Transmission losses associated with gear or belt drive solutions are further eliminated with these 1:1 direct drive systems. All models feature a built-in Sigma Control 2 industrial PC-based compressor controller that is responsible for dynamically adjusting the flow rate to match actual compressed air demand, thereby assuring further energy savings. Energy-saving control modes, variable communication interfaces for communication with centralised control systems and an SD card for update and backup are just some of the many features available on the Sigma Control 2. Relevant information can be viewed at a glance from the easy-to-read display. RFID technology further assures secure login, meaning that service work and system changes to the compressor can only be performed by authorised personnel. The sensor-controlled electronic thermal management (ETM) system dynamically controls the screw compressor block discharge temperature. The control valve actuator is controlled via signals from the Sigma Control 2 controller, which is coordinated with the oil cooler’s speed-controlled fan. For the end user, avoiding high screw compressor block discharge temperatures leads to reduced energy consumption and potentially a longer fluid service life. The units are available air- or water-cooled, with drive power 75 to 132 kW, working pressure 5.5 to 15 bar and free air deliveries from 3.6 to 25.45 m3/min. They are available as a standard machine, with integrated refrigeration dryer and/or with Sigma Frequency Control. Kaeser Compressors Australia

36 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Eco Action

Sludge screens help Sydney Water produce biogas from sewage


TRAINPRESS® technology from Hydroflux HUBER

The STRAINPRESS® sludge screen is a pressure-fed

is playing a small but vital part in helping Sydney

inline system for screening any type of sludge, including

Water achieve its goal of making a number of

highly viscous and greasy waste. Said to increase the

improvements at its Malabar sewage treatment

reliability of downstream sludge treatment systems and

plant. One of the major benefits will be an improvement

to reduce maintenance requirements, it consists of inlet

in the quality of biosolids produced.

and screening zone, a press zone and a discharge section.

The Malabar STP, which processes nearly half of the

A pump presses the liquid through the screening zone

city’s sewage through its primary treatment processes,

and delivers it to further process steps or utilisation.

produces about 33,000 tonnes a year of nutrient-rich

The liquid is under pressure. The coarse material, which

biosolids — a soil conditioner/fertiliser which is used

is retained on the screen surface, is stripped off by a

extensively to improve the fertility and structure of farming

coaxial screw and pushed through the press zone, where

soils in NSW. These biosolids can produce green energy

the material is extensively dewatered and compacted. The

in the form of biogas.

compacted material is pressed through a gap around a

“To increase the performance and efficiency of anaerobic digesters that process the biosolids, Hydroflux HUBER

hydraulically operated pressure cone, which closes part of the pipe end and builds up counter pressure.

supplied the Malabar STP with three HUBER STRAINPRESS®

The system does not need any wash water, as backwashing

sludge screens,” said John Koumoukelis, a director of

of the screen is unnecessary. The perforation and design

Hydroflux HUBER.

of the discharge section are individually adjusted to suit

“These STRAINPRESS ® sludge screens have been operating for six months and are successfully removing

specific requirements and it is easy to integrate the product into the existing pipeline and automatic system.

unwanted screenings such as plastics, fine rags and cotton

“One of the major benefits of STRAINPRESS® is that

buds from biosolids before it is processed in the anaerobic

it prolongs the need to put a digester offline for cleaning

digesters. These materials would also block mixers, heat

by many years — so the three sludge screens will make

exchangers and sludge pumps that are installed within

a major contribution to minimising the maintenance costs

the digesters.

at the Malabar STP,” said Koumoukelis.

“These unwanted materials would otherwise accumulate within the digester, leading to a reduction in performance, maintenance headaches and a reduction in the amount of gas produced.”

Hydroflux HUBER Pty Ltd

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 37

Groundwater monitoring

environmental monitoring

Going beyond the

environmental impact statement Robin Ormerod, Managing Director, EnviroSuite

Before any large-scale construction project is approved, authorities are certain to require the preparation of a comprehensive environmental impact statement. Whether it’s the extension of a major highway, building a new airport runway, or the development of a shipping port, all the ways in which the surrounding environment could be affected must be assessed.


uch impact statements are complex documents that

project designs. During the construction phase, a network of sensors

need to incorporate data about a diverse range of

should be deployed that can collect data about key variables and feed

factors. First, the environmental conditions that exist

this back to a central store for analysis.

prior to the project’s commencement must be care-

The type, number and location of sensors will vary depending on

fully measured and documented. This could include

the nature of the construction project. For example, when building the

everything from water quality in rivers and lakes, to

highway extension, some could be placed on light poles to monitor air

soil quality, air quality and the health of any native birds and animals.

quality and noise levels. Others could be embedded in the roadway

Once this has been completed, estimates must be made of the

itself to monitor traffic volumes at particular times of day.

impact the completed project will have on this baseline data. Key ques-

In the airport project, sensors could be placed at the boundary

tions need to be asked about how particular factors will change the

of the facility to monitor the air quality and noise conditions being

environment and what steps can be taken to mitigate these changes.

experienced in the surrounding environment. In the shipping port,

How will increased traffic levels on the new highway affect local

they could be attached to moored buoys and detect changes in water

bird life? What will rising aircraft numbers do to noise levels in the

quality and aquatic noise levels that could affect local fish stocks.

area? To what degree will extra shipping movements be detrimental to water quality and fishing areas?

Ongoing data analysis Data from these sensor networks can then be combined with data from

Not a set-and-forget process

other sources. This could include weather conditions and forecasts,

Unfortunately, for many large construction projects, after approval has

feedback from local communities and incident reports, and operational

been granted, their detailed environmental impact assessment report

data about the new facility itself.

becomes little more than a document of record. The company agrees

Once all this data has been collected, sophisticated analysis tools

to adhere to any conditions of the construction approval relevant to

can be put to work to identify trends. These can then be compared

the impact assessment, but then focus shifts to the project itself. Little

with the original impact statement to see exactly how the new facility

attention is given to whether or not the estimated impacts occur, or

is affecting the surrounding areas.

are actually exceeded.

These tools can also undertake ‘what if’ scenario planning to deter-

To overcome this it is important for construction companies to

mine how changes in external conditions could change the impact of

incorporate the ability to undertake ongoing monitoring into their

the facility. For example, how could forecast heavy rain cause changes

38 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

environmental monitoring

in the port’s water quality? To what degree will strong winds shift


pollution from aircraft into a nearby residential area? Depending on

see the effects that operations are having and any problems that have been predicted before they occur. Armed with these data-based predictions, operators can make informed decisions about their facility. By combining data from sen-



construction projects, after approval

the tools being used, many of the results can be provided in graphical form, and overlayed on maps of the area. This allows staff to clearly







environmental impact assessment report becomes






of record.

sor networks with that created by the facility’s infrastructure, a clear picture can be created of the impact that changes in operations has on the surrounding environment. Decisions can then be made in real time on whether factors need to be changed to improve conditions. For example, a decision may be taken to divert traffic to a different motorway until atmospheric conditions change or noise levels can be brought back below those required by the original approval. Or perhaps shipping arrivals need to be halted during a forecast period of higher than normal rainfall.

Better outcomes for all parties

noise levels which can be quickly mapped against change in runway use. Reports from fishermen of falling catch numbers can be linked to a surge in shipping numbers. By being better informed, thanks to access to real-time data from a variety of sources, operators of facilities can become much more proactive in the way in which they are managed. By going beyond a ‘set-and-forget’ environmental impact statement, those responsible for the ongoing operation of new assets can be confident they are adhering to the set standards throughout its opera-

Access to real-time data on the impact of operations can also make

tional life. This will result in better outcomes for all parties involved.

it easier for operators to respond to complaints from external parties.

EnviroSuite Pty Ltd

Residents close to an airport may report higher than usual pollution or

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 39

AIR VELOCITY TRANSMITTER Dwyer Instruments’ Series AVUL Air Velocity Transmitter is a versatile, duct-mount thermal anemometer that is suitable for measuring air velocity or volumetric airflow in VAV systems or building ducts. By measuring the heat loss between its two sensing elements as air flows, the product


converts this reading into air velocity or volumetric airflow, without the potential for getting clogged like a pitot tube. Accuracy ranges of 3% and 5% are available to suit a variety of

Redback Technolo-

needs. The optional BACnet or MODBUS Communication Protocol

gies has developed an

allows units to be daisy-chained together while providing access

integrated hardware

to all of the velocity and volumetric flow data, as well as additional

and software system

information such as air temperature.

to capture, store and manage solar energy, giving residential and commercial users more control of their energy usage.

All models can be wired for 4 to 20 mA, 0 to 5/10 VDC output or simultaneous current and voltage output, providing a universal connection to PLCs and monitoring equipment. The optional, integral LCD or A-435-A portable remote display tool provides an

The Redback Smart Hybrid Inverter is a 4.6 kW inverter

additional and convenient way to locally monitor process values

which can be paired with over 6 kW of solar array.

and configure the unit.

The system allows for hybrid capability, offering an uninterrupted power supply and back-up power all in one. It is IP65 rated so it can be mounted either inside or outside the home. The inverter is compatible with popular battery

Onboard dip switches allow users to quickly and easily select the full scale velocity range, output type, engineering units and velocity or volumetric flow mode, saving time on configuration and installation. Dwyer Instruments (Aust) Pty Ltd

chemistries including LG Chem and Pylontech. It has an IP54 environmental protection rating and has been designed with a robust powder-coated cast aluminium casing. In addition to the lightweight, easy-to-install hardware, the product’s software is hosted in Microsoft’s Azure cloud platform, ensuring easy updates and upgrades as technology develops.

GAS DETECTOR SOFTWARE Industrial Scientific has introduced an updated data environment for users of its iNet Control hosted software for managing gas detector fleets. The

The system utilises the Internet of Things to ensure

product improves safety by presenting data more effectively to help manage

smart household appliances can be switched on

people, hazards and equipment.

and off at optimal times to get the best use of the power generated. It has the ability to use machine learning to gather intelligence over time, learning from user preferences as well as drawing data from external factors like the weather. The inverter can be managed and monitored through the Redback app or portal, giving users and installers full visibility and control of the energy flow in a home. Redback Technologies Australia

Compatible with desktop or handheld electronic devices, the user interface includes improved spacing, intuitive graphics and sleek colours and fonts, making it simple to review, report and analyse data. Data management upgrades improve response times and enhance data security and privacy. The product provides visibility into the maintenance, usage and alarm data from gas detection equipment. The improved user interface adapts to any screen size, making it easier to use than ever before. Current users of iNet Control will see the update automatically the next time they log in to the software. Industrial Scientific Corporation

40 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

TOTAL CHLORINE ANALYSER The TC-80 Total Chlorine Analyser from Electro-Chemical Devices (ECD) monitors total chlorine in drinking water, rinse water, cooling water and other freshwater samples, from 0.05–20 ppm chlorine as the standard range or 0.005–2 ppm with the low-range sensor. The plug-and-play device incorporates a constant head flow control device, a pH sensor, a chlorine sensor and ECD’s T80 analyser/transmitter mounted on a PVC panel. The sensor is a three-electrode amperometric sensor with a gold cathode, silver halide anode and 304 SS counter electrode. The pH sensor provides compensation for samples between pH 4 and pH 12, eliminating the need for sample conditioning systems. The flow controller maintains the optimum flow by the sensor over a range of incoming sample flow rates. The minimum flow required is 38 L/h and the maximum flow rate is 302 L/h, with the sample going to drain at atmospheric pressure. The analyser is available with either 110–240 VAC or 24 VDC power. The device graphically displays both the total chlorine and pH, allowing for easy trend analysis. The standard configuration has two 4–20 mA outputs and three alarm relays. An auto clean option includes a solenoid actuated spray cleaner using either 2 bar process water or air. A timer controls the period and duration of the cleaning cycle. AMS Instrumentation & Calibration Pty Ltd

TRIO POWER SUPPLIES Standard functions combined with high quality & reliability


The new generation of the TRIO POWER range of power supplies is ideal for use in machine building: the functions and space-saving design are tailored to the high demands in this sector. The power supply units, which feature an extremely robust electrical and mechanical design, ensure the reliable supply of all loads even under harsh ambient conditions. | 1300 786 411

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 41


energy storage

Start-up could solve SA’s power problem Tens of thousands of South Australian homes and businesses have been repeatedly left without power because of storms and the unique ecosystem of the SA power market.


n March, the South Australian Government launched

AusIndustry. Moriarty said that at this stage, approximately $3m has

a plan for energy security in an effort to curb these

been invested by shareholders.

power issues. Key components of the government’s

The solution uses abundantly available elemental silicon for

new plan focus on renewable energy storage and

storing and retrieving electrical energy enabling low-cost stor-

gas, and include:

age of energy and a stable supply back to the grid — a critical

• a call for tenders to develop a 100 MW grid-scale battery storage facility for renewable energy, using approximately $150 million from the Renewable Technology Fund; • development of a new 250 MW gas-fired power plant to offset the intermittent nature of renewables, expected to cost $360 million; • legislation to allow the Energy Minister powers for market intervention in the electricity market, for example, to instruct for generators to be turned when required; • establishment of an energy security target — confirming its commitment to a 50% renewables target; • $24 million investment in gas exploration under its Plan for Accelerating Exploration; • gas royalty incentives for landowners. The pros and cons of Jay Weatherill’s state plan to take control of

its energy future have been hotly debated since its release. According to Dr Kevin Moriarty, chairman of Adelaide-based 1414 Degrees, the government doesn’t even need to look outside its own borders and workforce for the solutions. Originating from CSIRO research, the 1414 Degrees solution is a patented thermal energy storage system (TESS), which is claimed to reduce energy costs by increasing the efficiency of renewable generation and stabilising grid supply.

requirement as renewable generation increases, not just in SA but globally. This has advantages from an environmental perspective, as the decommissioning of a TESS is benign. The company said: “Waste produced is solidified silicon that can easily be disposed of or recycled. It does not need to be treated or specially contained and has no damaging chemical impact if it needs to be discarded at the end of its useful life.”

Stabilising the grid The prototype TESS had its first successful run on 30 September 2016. The company has calculated that it can install sufficient storage, capable of supplying hundreds of MW of electricity, at just $70,000 per MWh to provide for a reliable electricity supply with up to 90% renewable sources and end the blackouts in South Australia. As well as producing electricity, excess heat can also be used to heat water for use in heating and other industrial processes. As a comparison, lithium batteries cost 10 times as much and need to be regularly replaced. The TESS is differentiated from pumped hydro and solar thermal by having minimal site-specific requirements and is a containerised solution for cost-effective integration in almost any location. The solution can be placed near grid interconnects, which minimises the additional costs of kilometres of high-voltage lines and their com-

A full prototype is now ready for commercialisation after a decade

mensurate energy losses and positioning adjacent to a district heating

developing this highly complex machine.The prototype development

network. This, therefore, reduces the cost of connecting expensive

was co-funded by an accelerating commercialisation grant from

and disruptive infrastructure.

42 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

energy storage 10 and 200 MWh modules are available and can be connected to fill the range from 10 MWh to +2 GWh. The solution can provide peak shifting by storing renewable generation at times of low demand and releasing at periods of high demand. “A sufficiently large TESS presence on the grid would increase the efficiency of existing wind generation and allow more to be built without risking stability,” Moriarty said. “Our approach is to build our TESS energy storage units where the clean hot air heat from the turbines can be used for industry and residential heat requirements to displace gas. “An additional advantage is that the in-built turbines can be fired by gas or biofuel if there is an emergency where renewable sources are cut off, such as happened in the state-wide blackout,” Moriarty said. According to Moriarty, some of the industries that could benefit 1414 Degrees is now assessing industry and generation sites for

from this type of technology and why include: • Renewable generation could expand, become more efficient and

its first installations of a 10 and a 200 MWh TESS. Suitable sites for 1414 Degrees would be at a wind farm or near an existing gas-fired

increase cash flows. • Industries that use large quantities of low-grade heat, such as food processing and production, could access low-cost heat without emissions.

generator. The technology will increase efficiency and revenues of a wind farm through load shifting to times of maximum demand. The company is working towards building the first commercial

• Cold climate cities and towns use substantial amounts of energy

installations in 2017. It is also now considering a non-compliant tender

to heat housing and buildings — ‘district heating’. Currently this is

for the SA Government’s Energy Reform Plan’s emergency gas power

sourced from burning gas or from the grid but TESS could store

plant to incorporate storage with the planned turbine plant.

renewable energy at times of low demand (and low prices) and

1414 Degrees

SMC Australia | New Zealand

supply both heat and power at a lower cost.

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Global Leader in Pneumatics and Automation 2017/03/22Matters 02:27:10 PM Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability 43



TOMRA Connect is a portfolio of digital products for machines

BuildingIQ has announced a

collecting cans and bottles for re-use and recycling. The

measurement and verification ser-

products offer further insights and engagement opportunities

vice that allows building owner/

for locales providing the machines and the recyclers who use

operators to automatically meas-

them, going beyond the bin-approaching-full indicators that have

ure and verify the effectiveness

so far popularised the Internet of Things for waste collection.

and impact of energy-saving

With engagement program TOMRA ReAct, consumers earn points

measures in order to qualify for

to redeem rewards or make donations. The machine’s touch

utility or organisational savings

screen enables retailers to promote specials and campaigns.

incentives and mandates.

Analytics pulls business intelligence from big data. It shows

Called Automated Measurement

queueing time, cleaning quality, recycling volumes throughout

& Verification (AM&V), the service

the day and more.

is compliant with the International

Notify + Assist gives personnel real-time notifications when machines require attention and stepby-step guidance on fixing. The product also combats fraud attempts through real-time validation of refund receipts. TOMRA Sorting Solutions Pty Ltd

Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) practices and is designed to deliver fast M&V. It enables organisations to deploy M&V technology once and use it frequently, saving time, money


and complexity. The methodology used in the service is consistent and repeatable,

SolarEdge is now offering a GSM cellular kit that includes a

effectively eliminating the human

pre-installed SIM card with a data plan. The product enables

error inherent in standard M&V

PV internet connectivity to enhance monitoring and PV asset management.

practices including data collec-

Typical communication strategies require installers to enter the premises for set-up and then for the system owner to maintain that connection via their router throughout a system’s lifetime. Both of these requirements can be burdensome. The GSM cellular kit is said to simplify the set-up of solar monitoring connections by eliminating the need to access the premises, speeding up installation times and reducing installation costs of the installer, while also removing the requirement for the system owner to maintain router connectivity. Suitable for locations without internet access or broadband infrastructure, the GSM cellular kit includes a GSM network card combined with a pre-installed SIM card including a five-year data plan. The kit can be used in combination with any single-phase SolarEdge inverter, including SolarEdge’s StorEdge solutions, to provide online PV, battery and consumption monitoring.

tion (independent and dependent variables), baseline creation, baseline prediction output, savings calculations (baseline vs actual) and non-routine adjustments. Baseline models are rigorously reviewed prior to use and all results undergo periodic quality assurance. BuildingIQ

SolarEdge Technologies Inc.

44 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM NCH has unveiled its environmentally friendly solution for the treatment of trade wastewater. Growing 30 trillion bacteria each day, the BioAmp system directly targets fats and greases in wastewater, reducing biological oxygen demand levels.

SOLAR INVERTER ABB Australia’s UNO-DM-PLUS single-phase solar inverter is suitable for residential photovoltaic (PV) owners. Its embedded wireless

The technology involves automatically delivering live

connectivity and smart grid capabilities provide

bacteria into the trade waste system, which fast-tracks

home owners with advanced monitoring, con-

the natural recycling process. Treating wastewater run-off

trol and maintenance. Installers benefit with a

from dairy farms and piggeries is an area where this is

quick and easy self-commissioning process,

particularly effective, as bacteria reduces sludge and crust

while their maintenance burden is eased due

with minimal intervention.

to web-enabled service software updates.

NCH also provides on-site analysis and tailored programs

All service software is embedded within the in-

that take an integrated approach to the management of

verter and wirelessly accessible using any smart

trade wastewater. Drain maintenance, lift stations, grease

device or PC. This reduces the operation and

traps and the reduction of COD and BOD are all utilised

maintenance burden for installers and associated costs for home owners.

by the company, along with the BioAmp technology.

The unit’s connectivity package allows for smart grid capabilities such as

A comprehensive program implemented by the company

dynamic feed-in control, which manages the energy fed into the grid. It uses

aims to improve the quality of trade waste effluent, reduce

the SunSpec-compatible open communication protocol to ensure compli-

odours and keep drains flowing. Advising manufacturers on

ance with future grid codes and maintains off-the-shelf interoperability with

the most effective methods to reach particular wastewater

other devices in the system.

benchmarks, NCH specialists ensure legal standards are adhered to and trade waste costs are kept to a minimum. NCH Australia

Rated from 3 to 5 kW, the inverter sports a streamlined physical design with reduced component count. This contributes to a lighter and smaller inverter than its predecessors. ABB Australia Pty Ltd

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 45

asset management

Achieving business sustainability

Management systems approach aligned to ISO 55000 Farshad Ibrahimi, Executive Advisor & Service Line Leader, Asset Management, GHD Advisory Asset management requires a multidisciplinary approach. It spans across a wide range of disciplines including engineering, finance, operations, information systems, management, contract and supplier management, human resources and organisational development.


ncreased service expec-

ISO55001 defines the requirements of

approach. Furthermore, asset owners are

tations and asset utilisa-

an asset management system to provide an

encouraged to display further diligence in

tion, combined with a

organisation with a disciplined approach to

maintaining and protecting their portfolios

challenging economic

maximise value and/or minimise liabilities

(sometimes billions of dollars worth of as-

outlook, are some of the

for its portfolio of assets. Most organisa-

sets), which are integral to the sustainable

challenges facing manag-

tions aiming to increase their AM maturity

futures of our communities, and the environ-

are aligning their current practice to the

ment we live in.

ers of critical water infrastructure. Water utilities and other organisations

key requirements of this standard, which

The role of asset owners and managers

with large asset portfolios are increasingly

will also set the organisation to efficiently

(ie, utilities and essential service providers)

being asked to show regulators and stake-

achieve ISO certification in the future, with

is increasingly signified and recognised as

holders that they are delivering services in

less additional effort.

one of utmost importance in creating livable

the most sustainable and efficient manner.

The AMAF details mandatory asset man-

communities while protecting the environment

agement requirements as well as general

for the long term. Local frameworks like AMAF

Plan for Victoria

guidance for state government agencies in

increasingly reflect the global focus on better

In what is claimed as a first for the Vic-

Victoria. Mandatory requirements include

asset management and service delivery. In this

torian water industry, GHD was engaged

developing asset management strategies,

context, asset managers are at the forefront of

to undertake a review of South Gippsland

governance frameworks, performance stand-

driving and influencing change that will benefit

Water’s (SGW) Asset Management (AM)

ards and processes to regularly monitor and

not only our current, but future generations.

strategy, and develop an improvement plan,

improve asset management.

The project

in alignment with two distinctive frame-

Both the ISO55001 and AMAF frameworks

works, namely: ISO55001 AM standards

share a focus on outcomes, and intend to help

SGW’s existing AM Strategy was focused

and the Victorian Department of Treasury

the organisation deliver better services. They

on four strategic improvements: embedding

and Finance (DTF) Draft Asset Manage-

encourage an increased focus on govern-

AM into the business, using data to make

ment Accountability Framework (AMAF)

ance and executive-level ownership of asset

informed decisions, formalising AM activities


management, using a management systems

and implementing advanced AM.

46 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

asset management The project involved a full review of the

strategies have been developed, supported

driving change. Driving and influencing change

enterprise asset management framework, and

by detailed action and implementation plans.

at this level is not limited to technical and

the development of a strategic asset manage-

Each improvement plan correlates to a mini

business process level improvements, but also

ment plan and roadmap for full lifecycle asset

business case, outlining context, background,

extends to cultural transition, capability build-

management, through a Management Systems

issues/challenge, recommended actions, esti-

ing, and increased operational and business

approach, aligned to both ISO and AMAF.

mate of resources and timelines.

resilience. Most importantly, the focus is on

GHD used a carefully structured process

The strategic asset management plan

to compare SGW’s AM Strategy and practice

developed for SGW will also inform the util-

against the requirements of ISO55001 and

ity’s attestation effort, to publicise its asset

With advances in technology, and the

AMAF. This involved:

management activity outcomes through its

Internet of Things, making information and

• a comprehensive document review;

annual reporting frameworks, with more

knowledge readily available at our fingertips,

• an initial status quo assessment and

confidence. It provides the roadmap for a

our customers are becoming smarter in man-

seamless transition towards compliance with

aging their service providers. The demand for

global asset management standards (ie, ISO)

improved service levels, and justifications for

and sets the benchmark for similar-sized

cost of service, are notionally at an all-time

organisations to take the leap.

high, driving a customer-centric approach to

validation; • engaging key stakeholders from executives through to practitioners; • comprehensive review of a series of AM and business documents;

outcomes: ie, driving better service delivery to the community.

service levels, and asset management strate-

Lessons for the industry

gies and investments. Asset owners and man-

This level of improvement planning allows

agers are therefore obligated to demonstrate

asset owners and managers to not only under-

further diligence in development of responsive


stand the metrics and strategies they need to

strategies to meet these demands, and adapt

The exercise identified a series of challenges

comply with international standards and meet

an appropriate management systems mindset.

for SGW, both strategic and operational.

state government requirements, but also to

GHD Pty Ltd

A corresponding number of improvement

be guided with the level of effort involved in

• development of a strategic asset management plan.

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 47

ENERGY INTELLIGENCE PLATFORM BuildingIQ has launched its BuildingIQ 5i platform-enabled services, designed to deliver value to building operators at any stage of a building’s life cycle. Compared to previous approaches, the platform and services are said to provide a better building IoT solution for owner-operators due to the five-pillar approach of data capture analysis, advanced modelling, measurement and verification, closed loop predictive control and expert human analysis. The company’s services can be deployed selectively to meet the needs of any building. They are subscription based and require little to no infrastructure changes to implement. Services built on the platform work together synergistically, so owner-operators need not worry about BMS changes or market evolution. The platform learns daily to provide a powerful energy intelligence foundation for a building. As buildings evolve, so does the platform — accommodating new BMS, new feedback methodologies and sensors, and alternative generation such as solar and local storage. The platform and services use a holistic approach to meet the diverse needs of building owners, recognising a difficult building system management environment, demanding and sophisticated tenants, and the inherent enthalpy of large and complex building systems. By leveraging a building’s internal data (occupancy comfort, building characteristics and meter data), external data (demand response signals, energy tariffs and weather forecasts) and 24/7 access to BuildingIQ’s expert team of operators, building engineers and data scientists, the platform is able to deliver a blend of energy saving, operational efficiency and tenant comfort benefits. BuildingIQ



The XZR500 combustion control oxygen

help the utilities sector respond to changing

analyser from Michell Instruments is designed

regulatory, technological and digital data envi-

to monitor the oxygen levels in combustion

ronments. Spotless Advanced Metering (SAM)

processes. Its purpose is to determine the

delivers a simple, efficient, scalable, whole-of-

optimum amount of air needed for combus-

life metering proposition that is delivered by

tion, ensuring the fuel is used efficiently and

a single contract, interface and fee.

potentially saving thousands of dollars. It

From 1 December 2017, all new and replace-

monitors the exhaust gas for excess oxygen ensuring that the conditions are kept close to stoichiometric (ideal) levels.

Spotless has launched a metering model to

ment meters installed in homes and small business will be advanced digital meters. Spotless’s business model provides a service

The product uses Michell’s zirconium oxide oxygen sensor, which has a metallic sealed

direct to retailers, including meter supply and

reference (MSRS) to give long-term reliability. The combination of this type of sensor,

finance, installation and maintenance servicing,

placed in an isothermal oven within the analyser, negates the effects of varying, high

and remote digital services.

temperatures as well as the corrosive nature of the gas. This also reduces time spent

SAM focuses on contract and operations

on maintenance: if a sensor needs replacement, this can be done within minutes without interrupting the process.

efficiency, as well as effective risk allocation. It provides the required standards with the good

The analyser has a control unit which can be placed at ground level for convenience, a

value, allowing retailers to focus on their core

sensor head close-coupled to the stack for ease of installation and quick response, and a

retail energy business of today while providing

variety of probe materials allowing a wide range of applications to be addressed.

a platform to help them to thrive tomorrow.

For most applications the probes use the Pitot effect to extract non-conditioned sample gas

Spotless will provide industry, particularly retail-

from the process to the sensor head and back to the flue. Placing the probe as close to

ers, with end-to-end metering services enabled

the burner as possible gives the most accurate readings, so the unit has ceramic probes

through state-of-the-art technology, digital

capable of operating effectively in temperatures up to 1300°C.

data capture and analytics, and operating

Typical applications include combustion efficiency for boilers, industrial waste incinerators

and financing solutions. The company has a

and crematoria. When operated in dirty applications, such as coal-fired power stations, the

deep retail and customer expertise across the

product can be offered with a blow-back mechanism for increased reliability in readings

metering industry and a strong understanding

and reduced manual intervention.

of risks associated with the market.

AMS Instrumentation & Calibration Pty Ltd


48 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

MULTIPARAMETER SONDE The In-Situ Aqua TROLL 600, distributed by Thermo Fisher Scientific, is a customisable and powerful multiparameter water analysis instrument. It combines water quality sensors with smartphone mobility to collect and analyse users’ data. The water quality platform is rugged in groundwater and corrosion-resistant in surface water, delivering data in an easy-to-use, flexible instrument that performs for years. It is said to be the only multiparameter sonde to have a sub-2″ active antifouling system with cleanable conductivity. Base sensor configuration includes EPA-approved optical dissolved oxygen, pH/ORP, turbidity, conductivity, temperature and pressure. The product can be integrated with In-Situ telemetry systems and HydroVu Data Services for realtime feedback on remote monitoring sites. The LCD display provides an instant visual indication of sensor status, data log, battery life and overall functionality to offer confidence during deployment. The onboard SD card allows for quick and easy data backup and transfer. A self-compensating turbidity/RDO/level, smart diagnostics and stable sensor technology provide minimal drift with a NIST-traceable factory calibration report. Smart sensors store information internally, maintaining data and calibration within the sensor for traceable results. Thermo Fisher Scientific

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 49

Resource Centre Energy storage disrupting the electricity market Energy storage lies at the heart of grid digitisation and is part of a larger trend of technologies that is disrupting South Australia’s network for the better, according to Terry Teoh, general manager of engineering

What: Australian Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition When: 14–15 June Where: International Convention Centre Sydney Web:

at ZEN Energy. Ahead of his presentation on monetising

The four sites — the Art Gallery, State

storage at the grid edge in Adelaide’s CBD

Library, Adelaide High School and the Adelaide

at the Australian Energy Storage Conference,

City Council works depot in Thebarton — were

Teoh’s presentation at the Australian En-

Teoh said battery storage currently has strong

chosen for their contrasting load and occu-

ergy Storage Conference, ‘Monetising Storage

market potential in South Australia and the

pancy patterns, and their potential to apply

at the Grid Edge in the Adelaide CBD: The

National Electricity Market (NEM).

battery storage in conjunction with solar and

South Australian storage demo project’, will

demand response.

explore the deployment of commercial storage

“Energy storage and the ability to perform

to alleviate their energy price distress in South Australia.”

peer transactions lie at the heart of grid dig-

Teoh said the $1 million project will play

in Australia and, in particular, how storage

itisation and will drive the democratisation of

a defining role in opening up the commercial

can be used to safeguard South Australia’s

energy, just as we are seeing the democrati-

storage market, starting in South Australia.

electricity network.

sation of services, media and R&D,” he said.

“It will provide real implementation expe-

The conference and exhibition will run

Teoh and ZEN Energy are undertaking a

rience and benefit quantification of batteries

from 14–15 June at the International Con-

groundbreaking project demonstrating real-

located in commercial sites, monetising

vention Centre in Sydney. Themed ‘Investing

time optimisation and monetisation of battery

multiple value streams,” he said.

in Australia’s Energy Storage Future’, the

storage in the NEM by connecting four high-

“It will turn a theoretical concept into a

event will feature more than 50 Australian

profile Adelaide CBD buildings to 513 kWh of

commercially executable reality for commercial

and international speakers presenting on the

behind-the-meter storage.

and industrial customers looking for a lifeline

possibilities of storage.

DATA LOGGER WITH TABLET CONTROL The ALMEMO 500 data logger, by Ahlborn, features simultaneous multiuser access via Wi-Fi and tablet control. Users will be able to configure the device via an 8″ tablet with a preinstalled app. A variety of sensor types can be attached to the device due to its galvanically isolated and independent measuring input sockets. The standard version provides 20 measuring input sockets and is capable of synchronously measuring up to 4000 measuring operations/s. The measured values can be displayed as single measurement values, value lists, freely configurable displays or as a line graph. Historical measurement sequences saved on the measurement data storage can be loaded offline as well as during measurement operations. Measurement data is either exported via the program WinControl or via Excel. The device features 3 GB data memory, which allows for up to 600 million measured values, and can be powered by either mains or battery. Bestech Australia Pty Ltd

50 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Legislation, governance, programs and industry links


What: Ozwater’17 When: 16–18 May

The Australian Water Association’s international

Where: International Convention

water conference and trade exhibition, Ozwater,

Centre Sydney

will be held from 16–18 May at ICC Sydney.


The event will see water professionals, students, scientists, researchers and policy- and decision-makers from across Australia and In particular, the conference will be fo-

novation Pavilion — a space for inventors,

cusing on the theme ‘Embracing innovation

creators, builders and makers to showcase

The event’s conference program will

and disruption for a smart water future’,

products and services that are advancing the

include more than 150 sessions over eight

encouraging the belief that change, disruption

goals of sustainable water usage for future

streams, bringing together the who’s who in

and innovation are the keys to a resilient and

generations. There will also be an extensive

water to discuss the important topics facing

a smart water future. The event will provide

social program, enabling attendees to meet

the water industry and provide a platform

the opportunity to explore what this exciting

with their peers. A networking evening will

to exchange strategies and ideas in a public

future looks like for the water sector through

be held on 15 May, prior to the main confer-

forum. Keynote speakers announced so far

technical papers, case studies, interactive

ence program, while Happy Hour at the Club

include: Lucy Turnbull AO, Chief Commissioner,

workshops and Q&A panels.

House will enable guests to unwind at the end

internationally unite to usher in a new dawn for Australia’s water security.

Greater Sydney Commission; Dr Sander Klous,

The trade exhibition will feature a large

of the first day. The highlight of the program

Partner-in-Charge Data & Analytics, KPMG;

display of the latest water industry science,

will be the Gala Dinner and AWA Australian

Dan Gregory, Founder and CEO, The Impos-

innovation, technology, products and services

Water Awards, held on 17 May — a celebratory

sible Institute; and Jane Huxley, Managing

for all water professionals and associated

event that allows guests to recognise industry

Director, Australia and New Zealand, Pandora.

industries. New to the exhibition is the In-

excellence while enjoying a three-course meal.

Solar Energy Exhibition and Conference’17 What: Solar Energy Exhibition and Conference 2017 When: 3 and 4 May 2017 Where: Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre Web: Applied Energy Storage hot topics include: technology breakPresented by the Australian Solar Council and the Australian Energy

throughs, smart energy business models, energy storage, real-world

Storage Council, the Solar Energy Exhibition and Conference is

data, battery testing performance results, microgrids and fringe-of-

being held on 3 and 4 May in Melbourne.

grids, Internet of Things and big data, making commercial solar and

The Australian Solar Council Chief Executive John Grimes said:

energy storage work, and energy management ‘bringing it all together’.

“The Solar and Energy Storage Show presents a great opportunity

Policy and Market hot topics include: state and federal govern-

for delegates to expand their network, meet key industry decision-

ment policy, unlocking project finance, large-scale solar and storage,

makers and find new clients. Because we are industry insiders, we

energy market reform and global developments.

bring together the very best conference presenters. We know what

A range of over 100+ expert speakers will educate and inform

is topical, engaging and useful for our delegates. We are committed

about every aspect of the exciting changes underway. Among

to the best solar installer professional development training available

the invited guest speakers are Josh Frydenberg, Mark Butler,

anywhere in the world.”

Lily D’Ambrosio, John Hewson, Simon Corbell, Mike Cleary, Ivor

The rapidly emerging storage sector is universally described

Frischknecht, Christine Milne and Mark Bailey.

as a game changer, a smart, dynamic and disruptive force. It has

Complementing the conference is the industry exhibition that

attracted innovators, entrepreneurs and thought leaders keen to

features the latest, and arguably the smartest, solar and energy

take part in the clean-energy revolution, many of whom will be

storage products and services from Australia and overseas.

seen and heard on the podium at the conference. There will be

The event is suitable for battery and panel manufacturers,

three free conference streams: Applied Energy Storage, Policy and

inverter innovators, commercial and residential PV installers, large-

Market, and Professional Development. The conference is designed

scale developers, technicians, trainers, trading certificate agencies,

to present the latest in technology, policy, projects, regulations,

policymakers, bureaucrats, builders, architects, consultants, aca-

industry analysis, forecasts and project financing.

demics and more.

Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 51

Trust in the circular economy


n the Feb/March issue of

lution limits would not be exceeded locally?

is where this high-mineral, high-salt water

Sustainability Matters maga-

Back to the island of Samsø. Inhabitants

largely comes from. Clear results of LCA and

zine, Mike Ritchie made a

took some convincing, but now many of

risk evaluations for a range of water treatment

strong case for the circular

them own shares in windmills or produce

and storage alternatives were dismissed as

economy and the need for

straw for the new district heating system.

‘excessive’ calculations. Again, trust in the

government intervention to achieve it. There

Apparently, no-one reports being affected by

process was clearly lacking.

is also a need for ‘soft power’ in driving the

noise pollution or loss of visual amenity due

Indeed, too often the results of LCA, or air

circular economy. As Søren Hermansen, from

to the windmills. The message in this is not

quality or any other evidence-based modelling,

renewable energy island Samsø, in Denmark,

that nimbys (not in my back yard thinkers)

are not communicated appropriately to the

highlighted during a forum at the Australian

are just imagining things, but that people’s

wider public. Such communication requires

National University in February — trust is

perspectives on changes are by definition

a highly tailor-made approach. People will

a very important factor in getting people to

subjective and thus influenced by other

feel either like they can’t see the forest for

opt into change.

factors. Trust is essential for a successful

the trees, when only a fully detailed, techni-

move towards a circular economy.

cal report is published, or that they are not

A case in point is the current debate surrounding a plastics-to-fuel recycling plant proposed to be located in Hume, right on the border of ACT and NSW. Even if one might like to phase out fossil fuels in the long term, at this point in time the proposal embodies circular economy thinking.

The question is how to build trust in this

getting the full story when the numbers are

post-truth era. Facts and figures are still

kept hidden from the public. Either way, they

necessary, but it is not sufficient to just

will feel bamboozled. This creates an atmos-

All relevant effects, positive and negative, local and global, should be quantified as much as possible to get the full picture.

Alas, there is not a single economic activity that does not cause so-called external damages. In cost-benefit assessments, however, traditional economic factors always seem to get more weight, as also argued by Mike Ritchie. This has put local residents on guard, because they feel that their loss from, say, noise or air pollution is not taken fully into account. There is no trust that the process is fair. When it comes to recycling activities, a good number of societal costs and benefits are in the same domain, which means we can weigh them up more easily. Increased energy use and emissions on location will lead to a reduction of resource extraction, energy use and pollution elsewhere. That

generate them. They need to be communicated

phere where emotions take over, leading to

in an integrated, transparent and targeted

sometimes paradoxical stances. Paradoxical

manner. If only the negative, local effects are

in the sense that groups with clear concern

fully quantified in an environmental impact

for the environment end up arguing against

statement, it is only natural that they get all

initiatives that may well align with their own

the attention. All relevant effects, positive

objectives. By presenting arguments such as

and negative, local and global, should be

“other states will be dumping plastic waste in

quantified as much as possible to get the

the ACT” they are also bamboozling people.

full picture. And once such an evaluation

All parties can do more to present factual

is made, it shouldn’t be expected that the

arguments to steer debates away from a

numbers speak for themselves.

‘yes it is, no it isn’t’ stalemate. Transparent

In a recent case in the Netherlands, a

and considered communication between all

community group opposed the practice of

stakeholders will be key to building trust and

storing fossil-oil-production wastewater in

ultimately achieving our common, circular

underground reservoirs, even though this

economy objectives.

should be the idea, at least. Life cycle assessment (LCA) provides a well-established and internationally recognised framework to assess those trade-offs between local and regional or even global effects. Would the people of the ACT be willing to accept some additional emissions if they trusted the activity would prevent considerably more pollution in, for example,

Maartje Sevenster is director of consultancy Sevenster Environmental, which aims to contribute to sustainable development of society as a whole by enabling customers as well as consumers to make environmentally wise decisions. She has 15 years of experience in environmental consultancy, specialising in life-cycle oriented policy and strategy advice for clients in all sectors, such as the ACT Government, ASICS Corporate, Greenpeace International and Friends of the Earth. She is a board member of the Australian LCA society (ALCAS).

the Middle East, and they trusted that air pol-

52 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

Thinking differently: Renewable gas from household waste Ben Jeffreys, CEO of ATEC Biodigesters


here’s no escaping talk about

(including wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal

the energy crisis facing Aus-

and dung) according to the World Health

tralia at the moment. Watch-

Organisation. Inefficient cooking fuels/tech-

ing on as an Australian living

nologies produce high levels of kitchen air

in Cambodia, it’s baffling as

pollution, which causes debilitating health

to why renewable energy in Cambodia is

effects not dissimilar to smoking cigarettes.

so straightforward yet seems anything but

The strain placed on households using

back home.

these traditional cooking methods is very real, resulting in:

I spend a lot of time in rural Cambodia talking to farmers and it always surprises me when they talk about climate change. The surprise isn’t because they bring it up, but how clearly they understand how

• 1.5 days each month spent collecting

But the benefits aren’t limited to Cambodia. We see that we’re only at the start of using waste on a global scale, or as we cheekily refer to it, the Brown Revolution! We know

wood; • 3 hours a day spent on chopping wood and preparing the cook stove; • a reduction in household expenses with

there’s a significant untapped market for international use of ATEC biodigesters, both in areas that are similar to Cambodia’s rural

climate change will directly affect their livelihoods. For Cambodians, they also see

... we’re only at the start of using waste on a

simple solutions, such as using resources

global scale, or as we cheekily refer to it, the

they have readily available to generate their

Brown Revolution.

energy needs. One such solution is the one we work with at our social enterprise, ATEC Biodigesters. A biodigester is a simple technology

bottled gas costing Cambodians $274 per

landscape, as well as in developed countries

that transforms animal manure and kitchen

year on average.

using kitchen and backyard green waste.

waste into renewable biogas for cooking and

Further to the health and income ef-

In Australia, we’re literally throwing away

fertiliser for farming. We sell and distribute

fects, these traditional cooking methods

highly valuable organic waste that could

these system to farmers across the country.

also translate to environmental degradation.

be used in the household, both for gas

It is a simple technology, but often, the

In Cambodia’s case, wood comes from

for cooking and fertiliser for your veggie

hardest things to get right are the simple

unsustainable, illegal logging, including

patch or garden.


for domestic cooking use. This places

That ATEC can support thousands of

It started almost 7 years ago with Engi-

a significant amount of pressure on its

Cambodians and even talk about a global

neers Without Borders and Live and Learn

forests — Cambodia has the third highest

waste revolution is thanks to Australian

working together, with vital assistance from

deforestation rate in the world.

Aid. Support going back many years in the technology design phase helped ATEC get

Australian Aid. These two Aussie NGOs

With this simple technology, Cambodians

worked hand in hand with local communities

can improve their health, their livelihoods

to where it is today.

to determine how to better address their

and support the local ecosystem on which

energy and farming needs. This is how we

they rely.

Australian Aid

created the first biodigester that was truly designed to Cambodian conditions. While the gas and fertiliser are obvious benefits, more importantly, we’ve seen the incredible impact biodigesters are having in helping Cambodians to transform their lives. In Cambodia, cooking with wood kills more people than traffic accidents each year and globally, it kills more people than malaria. Reality is, cooking with wood is a common occurrence for people living in struggling communities — around 3 billion people still cook and heat their homes using solid fuels

54 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017

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PREPARED FOOD - Oct/Nov 2015 | 1

NOV/DEC 2015 Vol.4 No.5


we talk pool cleaning systems

TURNING UP THE HEAT saving money in aquatic centres

It’s lIke havIng a 360° vIew of your sample.

Only the new TU5 Series Lab & Process Turbidimeters with 360°x90° Detection deliver unprecedented confidence that a change in your reading is a change in your water. See for yourself at

the next standard in the evolution of turbidity.

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Sustainability Matters Apr/May 2017  

Sustainability Matters is a bi-monthly magazine showcasing the latest products, technology and sustainable solutions for industry, governmen...

Sustainability Matters Apr/May 2017  

Sustainability Matters is a bi-monthly magazine showcasing the latest products, technology and sustainable solutions for industry, governmen...