APR/MAY 2017 REGULARS
10 Case studies 36 Products & services 50 Resource centre
6 Disruptive solar models shaping Australia’s energy future
42 Start-up could solve SA’s power problem
Changing traditional views of energy ownership.
46 Achieving business sustainability
8 Water scarcity drives water efficiency
Commercialisation of patented thermal energy storage system.
A management systems approach aligned to ISO 55000.
Treating water as an ‘environmental treasure’.
14 Turning waste streams into energy Growth phase in processed engineered fuel (PEF) for cement kilns.
24 Crafting a community Marrickville housing development gets underway.
26 A central nervous system for buildings 26
Networked, energy self-sufficient and adaptable buildings of the future.
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Cover image: © Stock.Adobe.com/au/Zaichenko Olga
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Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 3
WORDS FROM THE
EDITOR After weeks of intense rain in Sydney, it seems ironic to be talking about water security in this issue. While too much rain can cause problems of its own, with climate variability in Australia we are all too aware of the looming drought conditions that could follow. Water industry professionals must be forever vigilant to ensure water security for our future in our variable climate. Tony Arnel, Global Head of Sustainability, Norman Disney & Young, points out in our article on page 8, â€œWe cannot afford to be lulled into a false sense of water security.â€? Tony highlights some of the lessons that can be learnt from innovative water-security techniques adopted both here and abroad. Some of these techniques include diversification of water sources and improved stormwater capturing techniques. With advances in technology and the rise of the shared economy, the energy industry is also experiencing change with disruptive business model plans entering the market. As witnessed by the likes of Airbnb and Uber, disruptive business modelling can have many benefits, but it is also clear that legislation and government needs to keep up with these changes to ensure their continued success. The advanced uptake of renewable energy, improvements in storage technology and environmental concerns associated with traditional energy sources have all contributed to the rise in disruptive business models in the energy market. Some new models are designed to adopt a more decentralised energy production. Read more about one such disruptive solar model on page 5 and read about another energy storage solution with grid stabilisation benefits on page 42.
Carolyn Jackson email@example.com
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4 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Disruptive solar models shaping Australiaâ€™s energy future Jonathan Englert and Anastasi Kotoros, Smart Commercial Solar
6 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Traditional views of ownership are changing, and if you pay an energy bill, then this is either affecting you now or will very soon.
What’s happening is the decentralisation of power generation,
ultrasustainable localised power creation.
e see traditional ownership
As a society, we have accepted this
The model is called PayG and it was
views shifting with the rise
condition because in a sense it was just
pioneered by ClearSky Solar planners like
of the sharing economy and
built in, the price we were all willing to
Christina Kirche and Smart Commercial
the likes of Airbnb. In the
pay for the background hum and security of
Solar founder Huon Hoogesteger.
information economy, this
the energy that powered our lives. We also
The reason the model works is because
ownership shift is seen with the rise of
didn’t have a choice because there were no
the difference between the cost of the solar
software as a service (SaaS) models. One
viable energy alternatives.
being generated and the price charged for
theme unites these models: using only what
Now we do. New energy models are
the energy it produces (still much lower
you need creates revolutionary efficiencies
emerging in Australia built on the revo-
than utility prices) is so great that people
that save money and in many cases deliver
lutionary economics of solar which has
are willing to finance your system. And it’s
huge sustainability benefits.
seen an 80% drop in component pricing
a comparison rate that makes it look better
This is now happening with energy and
and a rapid improvement of the monitoring
than a mortgage.
that’s why it’s going to affect everyone. A major
technology and processes that can support
disruption is occurring that in the short term
stable localised power generation.
To date ClearSky Solar has pooled nearly $3m in investments for 17 projects installed
is creating headlines about Australian power
Many people are unaware that solar
by Smart Commercial Solar across Australia.
networks struggling to meet demand, but in
power has reached parity pricing with coal
Every single one of its projects is oversub-
the mid to long term will deliver big savings
in Australia — this means it costs as much
scribed within hours of being announced,
for both personal and business customers,
or less to generate power with solar than
and the ABC reported that one solar inves-
and a huge boost to the environment.
with coal. And the customer doesn’t have
tor was so pleased with the returns that
to pay the network charges because the
she was pulling money out of her banking
power generator is located on premises.
investments to put more into solar.
What’s happening is the decentralisation of power generation, and the rise of highly efficient, ultrasustainable localised power
As a result of these new economics,
Businesses from the likes of industrial
a group of like-minded innovators and
supply company Blackwoods to the Dudley
Traditionally, the energy market has re-
community members have come together
Hotel are now generating power from solar
lied on big centralised generators that burn
and built a commercial solar model that is
installations paid for by the community.
‘something’ to make electricity. The unit
delivering free solar to businesses while
Energy output and financial returns are
cost of creating this energy is referred to as
simultaneously producing a healthy 7%
carefully monitored and user and investor
the ‘wholesale cost’, which last month saw
return on investment for community funders.
exist in harmony — it’s a vision of our
NSW wholesale costs go from $140 MWh to
Australian community solar fund ClearSky
$1000 MWh. Furthermore, there are the costs
Solar allows smaller generators to get access
involved in transporting that power.
to power at rates of the big consumers.
shared energy future but it’s here today. Smart Commercial Solar www.smartcommercialsolar.com.au
Investment and generation behind the meter cut costs of wholesale and distribution costs of energy. The cost of energy to businesses is wholesale plus transportation cost of energy. Here’s where it gets really interesting. In NSW, the average cost of network charges is 5–15c/kWh, which means 10–25c/kWh pricing on average. This means that the largest consumers of energy get the cheapest price, but there’s only a few of these big consumers. The other 80% don’t consume that much energy, but because they pay for the same social infrastructure they’re left with a big tab to pick up.
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 7
Water scarcity already affects every continent. Around 1.2 billion people — or almost one-fifth of the world’s population — live in arid areas with water shortages. Another 1.6 billion people — one-quarter of our global population — face water shortages as a result of climate change.
Water scarcity drives water efficiency * Tony Arnel, Global Head of Sustainability, Norman Disney & Young
n Australia, water conservation appears to have fallen off the radar. A decade ago, as drought ravaged the country, our attention was firmly fo-
cused on how to shore up our precious water resources. But times have changed. Dams are full, desalination plants have stalled and policymakers are more concerned with energy efficiency as they tackle climate change. But we cannot afford to be lulled into a false sense of water security. According to the Climate Council, water inflows to key Sydney dams could decrease by as much as 25% by 2070 if greenhouse gas emissions continue on their current trajectory. Annual water demand will outstrip supply in Perth and surrounding regions by as much as 85 billion litres by 2030 — and that’s enough water to fill 34,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools. Average annual stream flows to Melbourne’s four major water harvesting storages could decrease by around a fifth by 2050. As the driest inhabited continent, Australia must invest in technology and projects that drought-proof our cities and our economy. So how do we guarantee the water security of our cities? When your densely populated nation has no independent source of fresh water, like Singapore, scarcity drives self-sufficiency. In less than 15 years, Singapore has invested in the infrastructure required to become a world leader in water management. The foresight of Singapore’s utility agency means more than half of its water supply is met by a ‘four tap’ strategy. Rainfall,
8 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
The government believes everyone in Singapore has a stake in water — as a necessary resource, an economic asset and an “environmental treasure”.
collected in artificial reservoirs, accounts for
In Morocco, for example, steel poles, hung
around 20% of the nation’s water supply;
with black polymer nets, are harvesting con-
reclaimed water, or what the Singaporeans
densed fog from the nearby Atlantic Ocean.
call ‘NEWater’, meets 30% of demand; while
The technology, designed by researchers at
seawater desalination provides a further 10%.
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The remainder is imported from neighbour-
(MIT) School of Engineering in the United
States, has been rolled out in countries as
The first production plant for recycled
In Saudi Arabia the $9.4 billion desalina-
four-stage treatment process — conventional
tion plant on the Persian Gulf covers miles
combined with microfiltration, reverse osmo-
of oceanfront real estate, and pumps more
sis and UV treatments — means the water is
than seven million litres of potable water
drinkable. Singapore’s first desalination plant
into Riyadh each day. Saudi Arabia leads
opened in 2005, with another plant of double
the pack in the desalination race and now
capacity currently in construction. Singapore’s
contributes 18% of the world’s desalinated
water catchment area has also expanded
over the last five years — and now covers
And in New York, two alternatives to
two-thirds of the city-state’s land surface
conventional rooftop surfaces are being
areas — with the completion of the Marina,
tested — green roofs to absorb stormwater
Punggol and Serangoon Reservoir in 2011.
runoff and blue roofs to capture it. Water
Public education campaigns have also made
from blue roofs is being used to supply
their mark, with consumption falling from
irrigation, cooling systems and a host of
165 litres per person per day in 2003 to
other non-potable uses.
155 litres in 2009. The government’s target is
While there are innovative water-wise
140 litres by 2030. Practical schemes, such
projects abroad, there are also inspiring
as water efficiency labelling for taps, show-
case studies closer to home. And these case
erheads, toilets and washing machines, have
studies are being found in unexpected places.
also helped consumers make informed choices.
In Queensland’s Nebo, for example, a
Singapore’s ultimate goal is to be self-
large maintenance facility for coal trains is
sufficient, with 40% of water from recycling,
harvesting and recycling 85% of the water
30% from desalination and 20% from rain-
captured on-site, thanks to a range of clever
strategies implemented by NDY. Rainwater is
The Singaporean Government continues to
collected and treated using three independent
invest in R&D to identify more cost-effective
filtration systems — and as a result is clean
ways of treating, recycling and supplying wa-
enough to drink. Wastewater from the sticky
ter. It is building a reputation as a ‘hydrohub’
coal dump pit is treated and re-used in the
for water science and technology, and is
locomotive washdown area. And an aerobic
contributing expertise to large water projects
system treats all blackwater, which is then
in China. The government believes everyone
re-used for toilet flushing. Together, these
in Singapore has a stake in water — as a
initiatives ensure the facility can operate
necessary resource, an economic asset and
without being reliant on mains water.
an “environmental treasure”.
diverse as Eritrea, Chile and Yemen.
water opened in 2002. Using an innovative
Meanwhile, an upgrade to the Metricon
Australia can learn from the lessons of
Stadium at the Gold Coast in preparation
other nations whose battle with scarcity has
for the Commonwealth Games has de-
led them to diversify their water sources
livered water tanks with a total capacity
and adopt innovative capture techniques.
of 650,000 litres. This is complemented
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 9
with a whole-of-membrane fabric roof
93% comes from the stormwater harvest-
this goal may be difficult, but if we scale
which can harvest water at eye-watering
up our successes, diversify our sources
rates. An impressive 100% of water col-
Without water, there is no life. Without
and keep our water clean and close to
lected can be used — for toilets, urinals,
water, there can be no cities. When we
home, Australia will be well on its way
general washdown of stadium concourse
envisage our nation in 20, 50, 100 years’
to a future that’s water secure.
and seating areas, as well as watering of
time, we must imagine an urban water
Norman Disney & Young
network where no drop is wasted. Achieving
And at Monash University, a precinctwide stormwater harvesting system enables large amounts of water to be stored and
*Tony Arnel is the global director of sustainability at engineering consultancy Norman
distributed around the campus. More than
Disney & Young and works worldwide across all NDY offices and market sectors.
10.6 billion litres of water are used each
He is the company’s key strategist for Sustainability.
year for irrigation and toilet flushing, but
Recycling food waste leads to smooth sailing for yacht club Image credit: Pauline Coppin, NSW EPA.
The Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club (RPAYC) used a Bin Trim rebate from the NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) to purchase a worm farm that will divert 5.25 tonnes of food waste from landfill each year. RPAYC is a yacht racing and sailing club based in Pittwater on Sydney’s Northern Beaches. Situated on 17 hectares of land, the club offers year-round services and activities for members. As a 5 Gold Anchor marina committed to continually improving its service, and with effective plastic and glass recycling already in place, the club was keen to identify other waste management areas that could be improved. As the RPAYC was considering options for broader recycling measures, a Bin Trim
waste from the club’s restaurant was being
results through applying small changes.
sent to landfill each week.
This has led to greater staff interest and
assessor visited the club and suggested
The assessor assisted the club in applying
participating in the NSW EPA’s Bin Trim
for a Bin Trim rebate to help with the cost
program. Through the program, eligible
of purchasing a commercial-scale worm farm
“The Bin Trim program has definitely
businesses that employ between one and
to manage kitchen waste. The application
increased awareness about recycling
199 employees can access a free waste
was successful, with the club awarded a
amongst staff and motivated us all to
assessment and a financial rebate from
take action individually,” said RPAYC
$1000 to $50,000 to help with the cost of purchasing recycling equipment.
engagement in recycling, both at work and at home.
Approximately 90% of the club’s kitchen
Head Chef Steve Proctor. “In a sense the
waste is now recycled through the new worm
recycling improvements here at the club
The Bin Trim assessor helped the club
farm and then re-used on the extensive
are rubbing off, and we’re taking those
complete a step-by-step assessment to
club gardens as a fertiliser. The gardener
changes home as well.”
clarify its waste collection, separation and
collects the castings from the worm farm
In 12 months the club will review
management process in order to identify
once a week to disperse across the club’s
its waste bin sizes, potentially leading
any gaps. Food waste was identified as
17 hectares of land, delivering positive results
to a reduction in waste collection costs.
an area where substantial improvements
for the club and the gardens.
could be made; it was estimated that
Club management has also found that
between 600 and 1000 litres of food
the Bin Trim program delivered substantial
10 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
NSW Environment Protection Authority www.epa.nsw.gov.au
Saving water in Perth’s fast-growing suburb
s the population booms in Perth’s outer suburbs,
As many council areas face the triple threat of water
future-proofing new parks and buildings from
restrictions, increasing population and demand for recreational
tighter water restrictions is becoming one of
facilities, City of Swan’s new Ellenbrook Sports Hub is
local government’s greatest challenges.
a paradigm shift.
WA’s capital is facing a drier climate. Its football grounds
Using synthetic turf saves about 35,000 kL of water
and cricket fields all need watering but the prospect of
a year — equivalent to 14 Olympic-size swimming pools.
tighter water restrictions means innovative solutions are required by local governments. In the City of Swan’s growth corridor, about 20 km northeast of Perth, the struggle between providing community facilities and conserving water is particularly noticeable. The population of one of the City’s (and Australia’s)
The four synthetic soccer fields opened in September 2016 and are adaptable to five-a-side futsal, small sided AFL, touch rugby and ultimate Frisbee — set to service the community for decades to come. Meanwhile, population growth necessitates the construction of more community centres and pavilions.
fastest growing suburbs — Ellenbrook — spiked from
The City of Swan is trialling new water storage
about 14,000 residents in 2006 to more than 40,000 in
techniques in community buildings built in new suburbs
2016. Similar growth is expected in new subdivisions over
such as Aveley, where underground and external tank
the next decade too, presenting the City of Swan with
systems supply most of the facilities water needs.
“While urban expansion presents environmental
Several years ago, the City needed a solution to provide
challenges, it also presents opportunities to trial new water
playing fields for the Ellenbrook district. Faced with the
and energy-saving technologies,” Mayor Wainwright said.
obstacles of limited land, the exploding population and no
“There is so much opportunity in suburbia to iron
water allocation, the City needed an innovative solution to
out the best ways to approach rainwater harvesting and
secure recreational space.
tailoring that to the use of the building.”
Mayor Mick Wainwright said research determined
“The benefit of these systems is not always economic,
traditional grass turf would simply not cope with the
but as water restrictions become tighter, it becomes a
future wear and tear caused by the burgeoning community,
moral decision for local governments to implement these
whereas synthetic turf could handle three times the use.
“We proceeded to build the largest synthetic playing surface in the southern hemisphere,” he said. “Not only can the rectangular synthetic surface handle a higher turnover of teams, the watering and overall cost is lower than natural turf.”
12 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
“We look forward to trialling more technologies and investigating their most efficient application.” City of Swan www.swan.wa.gov.au
Turning waste streams into energy There has been a major growth phase in processed engineered fuel (PEF) for cement kilns, according to ResourceCo, an international leader in resource recovery and advanced manufacturing.
esourceCo Alternative Fuels Chief Executive Officer
cessed engineered fuel (PEF) to operate its kiln. This equates to
Ben Sawley said the company currently manufac-
a huge saving in the consumption of traditional fossil fuel usage.
tures 250,000 tonnes of alternative fuels annually
“We are certainly focused on providing an alternative energy
and there is tremendous opportunity to increase
use to cement kilns to displace fossil fuels, and while Australia
this volume significantly in Australia.
has four cement kilns, we have earmarked Asia as a major area
“Fuel diversification of cement kilns is the driver for our
customers, as it reduces fuel price risk as well as the kiln’s environmental footprint,” Sawley said. “Kilns that have introduced an alternative fuel mix among their
for potential growth,” Sawley said. “South-East Asia has well over 100 cement kilns and there are countless more across China. Most of these kilns are yet to be tapped into.”
energy intake have done relatively well in comparison to others
ResourceCo has taken the group’s leading alternative fuel
that have been locked into purely fossil fuels, particularly in recent
technology directly into the Asian markets and is operating in
months where coal and gas prices have increased significantly.
Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines.
“We are seeing a turning point in the cement industry in the
The company’s state-of-the-art PEF manufacturing plant in
take-up of alternative fuels and the importance of having diver-
Ipoh, Malaysia, has 100,000 tonne-plus capacity and supplies
sification in energy.”
the world’s largest cement manufacturer, amongst others. These
ResourceCo has a Joint Venture that supplies an Australian cement manufacturer with nearly 100,000 tonnes per year of pro-
14 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
partnerships are reducing the reliance on fossil fuels in the production of cement.
We are seeing a turning point in the cement industry in the take-up of alternative fuels and the importance of having diversification in energy.
“Typically, we need to secure a long-term contract with a cement kiln to ensure we can source the fuel to supply them. We can also look at co-investing in the feed system to the cement maker.” The key to making a PEF business work: • Secure the back-end and front-end of the supply chain. • Ensure the raw material streams are suitable to produce the specified fuel. • Design the processing plant to suit the incoming and outgoing materials. • Ensure that the fuel is going to be economically and technically suitable for the customer. PEF can fit in easily with the existing waste supply. The only difference is that waste generators and collectors deliver their suitable waste to the PEF plant rather than landfill. “The number one competitor to this industry is landfill. We think there is a great opportunity to put more and more waste materials into energy or fuel which can be converted into energy.” ResourceCo is extending its network in South-East Asia to direct relevant waste streams away from landfill. “Not only do we have geographic diversification, but we provide a number of options to turn waste streams into PEF by either delivering wastes direct to an established PEF plant, build a PEF plant on a customer’s site and operate it for them, or market PEF produced by a customer to our cement kiln network.” ResourceCo’s Asia operations also intersect with its subsidiary Tyrecycle, which is claimed to be the biggest recycler of end-of-life Global consumption of PEF at cement kilns is estimated to be
(EOL) tyres and conveyor belts in Australia.
around 40 million tonnes per annum, and while high rates of thermal
Tyrecycle converts rubber waste into quality tyre-derived fuel (TDF)
substitution of PEF for fossil fuels is achieved, particularly in Northern
and other value-added products, and has well-developed overseas
Europe, it is relatively easy to produce a 25 to 30% energy substitution.
infrastructure to service direct trading relationships with various
“Some kilns in northern Europe run at 90% of their energy re-
cement kiln operators in the region.
which means you don’t have to build a new specialised facility to take
ResourceCo has grown from a one-person operation in 1992 to over 400 staff operating in 21 locations in Australia and South-East Asia. ResourceCo has long-term partnerships with multinational groups such as SUEZ and Lafarge, and in Australia with Adelaide Brighton Cement. From its early days as a concrete crushing business, ResourceCo has expanded as an integrated resource recovery business and in 1998 developed a dedicated mixed waste processing operation that resulted in recycling concrete and asphalt. Working with Adelaide Brighton Ltd, ResourceCo developed Australia’s first PEF manufacturing plant in 2006. The company recycles more than 95% of incoming materials while processing over two million tonnes of materials annually.
the alternative fuel. All that is required is a feed system and the right
ResourceCo Pty Ltd
blend of PEF to complement the cement facility’s processes.
quirement from alternative fuels, and while this is extremely rare, up to 50% is definitely doable,” Sawley said. “In South-East Asia, the substitution rate is estimated at less than 5%, so the opportunity is huge regarding what we can do there to turn relevant waste streams into PEF,” he said. “The advantage of working with cement kilns is that their process naturally removes all pollutants from the combustion emissions and the ash left over is incorporated into the cement product itself. They are the perfect alternative-burning facility. They’re already established,
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 15
Lismore City Council solves sludge-pump choking problems
Lismore City Council was having chronic
achieve was to limit choking to once
cover that can easily be removed, if
problems with its digester pump choking
or twice per week by installing one of
necessary, to inspect pump internals.
at its South Lismore sewage treatment
Gorman-Ruppâ€™s self-cleaning wear plates.
The Eradicator system is available on
The council was then told of Gorman-
all Gorman-Rupp Super T Series pump
The pump would choke on a daily
Ruppâ€™s new Eradicator Solids Management
models, so the range can achieve flows
basis during its job of turning over the
System and wanted to try it. The Eradicator
from 5 L/s through to 150 L/s and deliver
digester, according to Matt Potter and
system features an aggressive self-cleaning
heads to 40 metres, all while working
Brad Hampson at the plant. They were
wear plate incorporating a number of
on suction lifts to 7.6 m. Because they
using a Gorman-Rupp T3A3S-B self-
notches and grooves, as well as a patent-
are self-priming pumps, the pumps
priming sewage pump, but the sheer
pending lacerating tooth that helps break
can be located at ground level, giving
number of rags made it very difficult
up stringy materials (such as rags), scrape
operators easy and safe access to the
for even this excellent solids handling
them off the impeller vanes and pass them
pumps for monitoring and/or service,
pump to pass all the rags, all the time.
through the pump â€” all without impacting
unlike submersible pumps which require
Over the years, they tried different
performance or interrupting service.
cranes and several operators to access.
wear plates (even from different
A special cover plate with the system also
And wet well lids stay closed with
companies), but the best they could
includes a patented lightweight inspection
self-priming pumps so that operators are not exposed to falling into the wet well when anything needs to be done with the pumps. Clearance adjustments, oil changes and general inspections only take minutes, which adds up to massive savings in time over the life of the pump. As the new system is available as an upgrade kit for existing Super T, Lismore council installed one of these into its existing Gorman-Rupp T3. The pump then ran for 3 months without a single choke. In the same period, they would have expected to have between 12 and 24 chokes. Potter, Hampson and their colleagues at the council were very pleased with the result. Hydro Innovations www.hydroinnovations.com.au
16 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
MANAGING ASSETS When TRILITY considered developing a new water treatment plant near Perth in 2010, its team of executives and number crunchers sat down in the Company’s Adelaide head office to assess a proposed 37-year contract to design, build and operate the 240 ML per day facility.
et the Company’s Asset Manager, Matt Gulliver, was thousands of kilometres away, walking through the West Australian bushland. The manager whose job it is to determine how much TRILITY and its partners should bid to build, refurbish and maintain a project serving WA’s parched Goldfields region was in hiking boots, shorts and a hat trekking along a 5km section of pipeline fundamental to the operation of the WA facility. “I needed to see the asset,” Gulliver says today. “I needed to get a feel for it well beyond a desktop review and understand what we were committing to before we submitted the tender. “Walking the length of that section of water pipeline not only helped me shape our offer but I also found a leak which I duly reported to the prospective client before heading back to Adelaide.” TRILITY would go on to lead a consortium to deliver the $300 million project and, seven years on, the facility is running at optimum levels. For Matt Gulliver, building an understanding about the full life cycle of a facility and its operation is at the core of the asset management challenge. “We have challenges at the design and procurement stage across most projects, primarily around whole of life costing,” he says. “It’s not widely appreciated that the majority of the asset’s cost over its life is set as soon as the designer draws the asset on a drawing. “Another major challenge is at the end of the asset’s life, where decommissioned assets need to be maintained to keep them safe and there’s usually no money or interest in this.
18 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
“Or the many aging assets such as the majority of Australia’s water pipelines that were installed in the 70’s and 80’s and are now nearing end of life. “And then there are all sorts of challenges in-between. “At its core, asset management is about looking after assets to ensure that they perform as required. TRILITY must know what assets it has, where they are, what condition they are in, how they are performing and have clear and costed plans for their future that include both maintenance plans and renewal or refurbishment plans. “Ensuring that the asset performs to the required service level is key and doing that at the lowest life cycle cost is now imperative,” Gulliver says. “Gone are the days of just following the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) manual, or creating preventive maintenance tasks as knee jerk reactions to issues or budgeting purely based on historical costs. “A robust, transparent and repeatable process is the expectation — from the client to the regulator. And the customer wants the lowest cost service with the highest reliability and quality.” Gulliver spends a week each month out on TRILITY sites. The Company’s operations extend across Australia and into New Zealand, and it runs an Asset Management Team out of regional locations as well as head office in Adelaide. Sites in Berri in South Australia, Townsville in Queensland and Ballarat in Victoria deliver asset management services to the company’s operations nationally. Then there are the tools that are needed to deliver the “robust, transparent and repeatable process” Gulliver and his
“We now have a MOMS refresh underway and a number of machine learning (ML) projects underway and we’re now able to ‘read the waves’, choose which wave to ‘catch’, be ‘paddling’ so we're ahead of the ‘wave’ and not just ‘riding’ it or being ‘wiped out’.” team oversee at TRILITY. New and improved asset management tools are being steadily integrated into day to day operations for TRILITY” — and he utilises a surfing analogy to describe the changes underway. “The ‘swell’ around using big data, predictive analytics and the internet of things is really starting to grow,” he says. “TRILITY has been experimenting in this area for the past five years and has made solid advances in the last 18 months. The advance has come from a maturing in the ‘swell’ and its direction is better understood. “TRILITY has readied itself by adding operational technology resources to asset management and investing resources into trialling different offerings in the manufacturing operations management system (MOMS), and machine learning (ML) space. “We now have a MOMS refresh underway and a number of ML projects underway and we’re now able to ‘read the waves’, choose which wave to ‘catch’, be ‘paddling’ so we’re ahead of the ‘wave’ and not just ‘riding’ it or being ‘wiped out’.” TRILITY’s SAP system also plays a key role in daily business of the Asset Management Team. SAP was deployed across TRILITY in 2012 and Gulliver’s team is seeing the benefits of the architecture behind modules such as Plant Maintenance including, in his words, “the right level of granularity of our data, as well as the right practices in the field”. “By linking purchase orders to work orders, we now have well over twice the amount of work order history,” he says. “We also have good behaviours in terms of raising the right type of work order for the job.” The introduction of ISO55001 — the first ISO standard for asset management — enables companies to supersede previous standards. Gulliver says, “This is an important step forward for asset management professionals.
“There is now a benchmark to compare your asset management system to ‘best practice’,” he says. “Some commentators have written that ISO55001 will have ten times the impact of the quality standard, which is ISO9001. “This analysis suggests that institutions such as banks and insurance companies will now ask your business to be accredited to receive lower premiums.” Gulliver says, “Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s) have also been an important focus to ensure continuous improvement in asset management. “Choosing the right KPI’s to ring the right alarm bells and having the right data to be able to produce these KPI’s is critical,” he says. “Using the famous saying ‘what is not measured is not improved’, we measure and discuss these results regularly with all our teams around Australia. “And, ultimately, we see the improvement.”
TRILITY Pty Ltd
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 19
Alternative models for funding water infrastructure A new report from the Australian Water Association (AWA) looks at the current issues surrounding water infrastructure funding and considers ways in which new funding models present serious business opportunities for investors. AWA CEO Jonathan McKeown said it is going to be crucial for the sector to look at alternative ways to pay for water infrastructure projects if it is to meet Australia’s growing needs. He stated, © stock.adobe.com/au/milazvereva
“Unprecedented burdens on existing infrastructure caused by urbanisation, climate change and our booming population means current funding models have simply not been able to keep up.” In the discussion paper ‘Alternative models for financing water infrastructure’, written with ANZ and law firm Allens,
our report shed light on some of the viable
also reduce pressure on the balance sheets
the association recognises increased
alternatives available to the government,
of state governments. Most importantly,
synergies between our water infrastructure
private sector and community alike.”
these alternative sources of finance will
needs and the capacity of private sector
The discussion paper presents a number
enable water infrastructure projects to
finance. Utilities have been forced to
of financing models for water infrastructure
proceed to meet the requirements of our
increase their borrowings in recent years,
projects, as well as case studies on how
with consequential impacts on their
these models have been used already and
“Investors want surety and long-term
commercial performance and ability to
their application to the water industry. The
vision,” added Kate Axup, a partner at
take on additional debt.
paper also identifies new opportunities for
Allens. “Innovative funding models such
“As the need to upgrade water
developments that can meet future needs.
as those proposed in our report balance
infrastructure becomes increasingly
“Alternative financing models that
the needs of investors, governments and
apparent, so does the need to understand
decrease the cost of capital to utilities,
the community ensuring new, sustainable
the funding implications and options,” said
particularly in our regional and rural areas, can
water infrastructure into the future.”
Katharine Tapley, head of Sustainable
lead to more affordable projects and reduce
Finance, ANZ. “The models outlined in
costs on water users,” said McKeown. “It will
20 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Modelling best placement of green infrastructure to reduce urban heat
numerical tool for designing Water Sensitive
Designed by the CRCWSC, the evidence-based Toolkit
Cities — a concept closely aligned with water
provides a range of tools for quantifying the benefits of installing
wise cities — is creating demonstrated impact in
green infrastructure in a particular context. Importantly, it
places like the City of Unley, Adelaide.
empowers users to be more strategic when guiding their
Unley faced a problem common to many urban
planning and decision-making.
communities. How can planners and utilities best configure
“The tool lets you map out a region so that you can
their implementation of green infrastructure — elements
pick areas [for implementing green infrastructure] that make
like trees in streetscapes, vegetated green walls and roofs,
sense,” explained CRCWSC researcher Dr Peter Bach. “You
and technology for recycling stormwater?
can use it to validate your existing drone data to determine
For Unley, a specific question centred on mitigating
if they are representative. And you can construct alternative
rising heat in its major streets, reflecting that familiar
scenarios — like ‘What happens under X, Y, or Z plans for
city experience in which hard impervious surfaces retain
a particular area?’
the day’s heat to create ‘islands’ that remain hotter than
“And with the Toolkit’s microclimate module, the Unley
surrounding areas. Greening streetscapes can powerfully cool
case study also showed that we can really efficiently input
those same concreted environments — a specific benefit for
local data to simulate heat mapping, and to visualise different
which communities are willing to pay. In fact, households in
strategies for mitigating heat.” For professionals such as Mellissa Bradley from Water Sensitive SA, the tool is well timed. She is dealing with challenges like ‘underperforming asphalt’ and needs innovative approaches. “The true value of the Toolkit is in its costeffectiveness, and its capacity to let users explore and compare scenarios,” said Bradley. For councils and water utilities, the other big benefit is that the heat models provide an invaluable communications aid. Maps of heat across streetscapes, and visuals of ‘beforeand-after’ scenarios, enable people to ‘see’ the outcomes of infrastructure work and participate in discussions without needing to engage with the technical details. But with integrated urban water management at its core, the Toolkit has intuitive benefits for utilities as well as governments.
Melbourne and Sydney are willing to pay between $47–81/
It supports needs ranging from planning at regional scales
year for cooler summer temperatures according to research
to quantifying the benefits of harvesting and recycling water
by the Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive
sources like stormwater as part of a portfolio of supply options.
Those linkages recognise the inter-agency value of greening
But deploying green innovations effectively requires data
cities. Not only can organisations such as councils and water
on where and how implementations will improve temperatures
utilities benefit individually from more powerful ways to
— and by how much. This has traditionally been an information
strategically plan their projects, but the new generation of
gap, with some planners recently resorting to drone flyovers
tools — such as the Toolkit — increasingly enable councils,
and state-of-the-art thermal imaging equipment. Despite the
utilities and communities of water wise cities to band
expense of such methods (which can cost $60K for just 4
together to achieve benefits for livability, cooling, wellbeing,
flight hours), the data from aerial surveys are more detailed
water and irrigation.
than required, and may not represent how the surveyed area’s temperature behaves over time. Now, a new tool — part of the Water Sensitive Cities Modelling Toolkit — allows planners to replace or complement drone data by drawing on recent advances in urban heat modelling.
For more on the Water Sensitive Cities Toolkit, visit: https://watersensitivecities.org.au/solutions/water-sensitivecities-toolkit/. CRC for Water Sensitive Cities www.watersensitivecities.org.au
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 21
Solar success for Victorian bulb farm P Aker Flowerbulbs is a bulb farm located
managing director, said the company started
at Silvan, Victoria, in the rich volcanic soil
on the design by taking the solar usage
area of the Dandenong Ranges. Energy is
interval data which is now available from
one of the major overheads of the farm,
the smart meters that have been installed
due to the need to power different cool
rooms at a precise temperature depending on the species of bulb.
“We used this to determine the size of the solar system that would be required and the
“We only started in Australia in the
economic justification for the capital cost,”
1980s and sell tulips, lilies, irises, gladioli,
said Martin. “The data allowed us to do an
hyacinths, daffodils and other bulbs,” said
accurate cost-benefit analysis.
the company’s managing director, Matt
“We recommended a system with 231
Blom. “Our cool rooms have to maintain
Trina Smart panels coupled with Tigo DC
a precise temperature ranging from 30+
optimisation as we have always received
to -1.5°C, depending on the species.
high yields from this system with remote
“The purpose of the temperature control
live time monitoring, which allows us to
is to put the bulb to sleep so that our
provide timely maintenance and quickly
customer, the flower grower, can produce
detect any problems.
flowers all year round.”
“The monitoring results are also beamed
Blom said P Aker Flowerbulbs is now on track to substantially reduce its energy costs, relying on solar power during the day and off-peak grid power during the night. “But even so, we are currently exploring the economics of the use of batteries in conjunction with our solar,” he said. “We expect to save the capital cost of the system in five years, with savings of
After averaging $60,000 a year on
to the head office of Aker Flowerbulbs in
energy, the company recruited energy
Holland and they have been so impressed that
management company AEES Group to
they have moved to install their own solar
to $176,010, or 31%, in year 10.”
design and install a solar system to help
system based on the Australian experience,”
reduce costs. Richard Martin, AEES Group
$13,497, or 32%, in year one and continuing
From coal to biomass: converting a power plant Britain’s EPH Lynemouth Power has awarded Emerson a contract to help convert the 44-year-old coal-fired Lynemouth Power Station to a biomass-fuelled power plant. When the conversion is complete in late 2017, the plant will be fuelled by approximately 1.4 million tons of wood waste per year, supplying the national grid with up to 390 MW of low-carbon electricity. As main automation contractor and main electrical contractor, Emerson will be responsible for helping the project come online within budget and on time. This includes responsibility for demolition, engineering, installation, start-up, commissioning and coordination
Power & Water, Emerson Automation Solutions. “From a planning
of work among multiple suppliers
perspective, having a single interface and contract for design, engineering
and delivery improves overall project efficiency. On the operational
Emerson offers a single integrated automation platform for all applications
side, utilising one technology platform will simplify plant operation and enhance plant performance on an ongoing basis.”
— turbine, boiler, fuel handling and
According to Yeager, the demand for biomass-fuelled power is
balance-of-plant processes, as well
growing as utilities diversify their generating portfolio to meet evolving
as electrical systems. This capability,
environmental mandates. Unfortunately, biomass power plants are
along with the company’s project
challenging to operate because the moisture content of biomass fuels
management expertise, was critical
can vary, having a negative impact on plant performance. Technology
in EPH Lynemouth Power’s decision
integrated into Ovation continuously monitors fuel for moisture content,
to select Emerson and its Ovation
adjusting combustion air as necessary to improve plant efficiency and
distributed control system for this
reduce maintenance costs.
“We are helping the industry meet its targets by seamlessly bridging
“Relying on a single supplier and
the automation and electrical aspects of these projects, resulting in
a single technology platform for both
a total solution that has a positive impact on the plant’s commercial
the automation and electrical scope
and operational success,” said Yeager.
provides our client a number of
Emerson Automation Solutions
benefits,” said Bob Yeager, president,
22 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Crafting a community
Marrickville housing development gets underway Lauren Davis
Real estate group Mirvac has unveiled its hotly anticipated plans for Marrick & Co, a residential development set to be located in the heart of Sydney’s Inner West.
t all started back in 1990, when Marrickville Council
Marrick & Co, the proposed name for the new site, would serve
(now Inner West Council) bought the site of the recently
as a multipurpose development, featuring the library and community
closed Marrickville Hospital. Council had always planned
hub, a variety of housing options (including nine affordable units for
to turn the increasingly dilapidated site into a library
council), a public park, playground areas and more. The aesthetic
and community hub, funded by the redevelopment of
was inspired by the industrial heritage of Marrickville along with the
the remainder of the site into housing. It was not until 2012, however,
‘pitched roof’ design of the future library, created by BVN. Accord-
after many years of community consultation, that a library design
ing to Ksenia Totoeva, from the design team at TZG Architects, the
competition was held, with BVN Architecture emerging as the winner.
varied skyline creates a playful look which reflects the residential
Three years later Mirvac came into the picture, proposing to de-
feel of Marrickville.
velop over 220 apartments and terrace homes on the site. The group
“The buildings have their own unique design aesthetic drawn from
successfully won the tender to deliver both the housing project and
the diversity of building styles in Marrickville,” noted Tim Greer, owner
the library, as well as the preservation and restoration of heritage
of TZG Architects. “The facade features a series of chevrons which
buildings including the then 118-year-old hospital (as part of the library)
articulate the building by echoing the roof form of the surrounding
and nurses’ quarters as part of the housing development.
buildings and library roof.
24 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
We’ve taken the elements on the site, the public access, the framework of the library, the access to solar… and actually crafted a new habitat.
only about enjoyment but also has a role to play in the collection of rainwater as part of the water filtration for the site,” said Greer. “It’s very unusual for an apartment building, cos it has these really significant pieces of outdoor space that are passive and utterly recreational.” Residents will enjoy access to a shared street library, a community kitchen garden and tool shed, and a roof terrace with BBQ facilities. Other sustainability features will include electric vehicle charging facilities, a ‘green switch’ which turns off all appliances except the essentials, rainwater recycling and an entry wall made of recycled brick. The library, meanwhile, will feature FSC-certified white mahogany, skylights and natural ventilation, with a green wall outside to keep out noise and pollution. “We’ve approached this almost like an ecologist, a renewal ecologist, approaches a damaged environment,” said Kim Bazeley, a senior architect at Mirvac Design. “We’ve taken the elements on the site, the public access, the framework of the library, the access to solar… and actually crafted a new habitat.” Marrick & Co is the first residential project in NSW, and the largest residential development of its type, to receive One Planet Living Community certification from Bioregional Australia. Incorporating principles such as culture and community as well as zero waste and sustainable water, One Planet Living is an international framework that helps people lead happy and healthy lives within the Earth’s finite resources. “The future of our cities is in learning how to develop communities that have high living standards and quality of life, whilst at the same “When we designed the building, we deliberately set out not to
time prospering from the resource limits of our one and only planet,”
design a perfect, seamless, perfectly controlled building,” continued
said Suzette Jackson, executive director of Bioregional Australia.
Greer. “We wanted to make it out of a series of little buildings, if
“Bioregional Australia Foundation is very excited by the commitment
you like, with diverse elements. So part of the fun of the architecture
of Mirvac to this journey.”
was bringing these different motifs together.” The other aspect the designers focused on, said Totoeva, was the use of outdoor space. The public park, for instance, will be a multi-
With construction set to begin mid-2017 and completion expected in 2019, all those involved in the project agree that its success so far is down to one key factor: collaboration.
function area that can utilised by council for events such as outdoor
“The collaborative way in which both council and Mirvac have
cinema screenings and market stalls. TZG and Mirvac even agreed
approached this project is a game changer for future development,”
to remove an entire building in order to create a brand new space
said Mirvac’s general manager of residential development NSW &
called The Common — a tree-lined lawn area where the public and
major projects, Toby Long.
private domains overlap.
“The needs and wants of the community have been put first and
“Being at the centre of the site means that the buildings around
foremost in the design and provision of both public and private amen-
the perimeter open on to a beautiful landscaped space, which is not
ity. This project reinforces Mirvac’s purpose to reimagine urban life.”
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 25
A central nervous system for buildings Helmut Macht, CTO, Siemens Building Technologies
Networked, energy self-sufficient, adaptable and, above all, smart — that is what the building of the future should be. Rapidly advancing digitalisation in building technology will soon make this vision a reality.
hether it is ICT, the automobile industry, media,
In essence, the building is constructed twice: first on the computer
entertainment, finance or pharmaceuticals, the
(virtually) and then in the real world (physically). This is referred
digital transformation has spread to virtually
to as the ‘digital twins’.
every sector and begun to change markets with
Since planning for the various disciplines takes place at the same
new competitors and business models. Now
time, it is possible to create coordinated multidiscipline solutions.
digitalisation is taking hold in building technol-
In the past, this was difficult to achieve because of the project
ogy, fundamentally changing the way buildings will be planned,
award practices in use. Virtual planning and the use of a common
constructed, used and, ultimately, managed.
data model allows early verification even of detailed variants in
The potential offered by digitalisation is enormous even if you
order to optimise the building.
look at nothing but energy consumption: buildings not only account
What impact does the choice of a specific type of facade have on
for more than 40% of global energy consumption and a majority of
the construction and investment costs as well as on maintenance,
all CO2 emissions, they are also one of the largest expense items
cleaning and user comfort later on? How does an additional door
in a company’s balance sheet. Operating costs make up almost
affect future evacuation scenarios, comfort and heating costs?
80% of the total costs across the entire life cycle. For this rea-
If such questions can be answered before ground is broken, it
son, efficient, automatic monitoring, as well as control of lighting,
becomes possible to make construction projects more cost effec-
ventilation, heating and security systems, are important levers. In
tive, straightforward and sustainable and to operate buildings more
new construction, this has already become a reality. But the true
safely, comfortably and efficiently.
revolution is taking place behind the scenes.
In the past, end-to-end building information modelling failed because the technical requirements could not be met. Cloud com-
The digital twin
puting — virtually unlimited computing power and storage capacity
In contrast to today’s practice of doing planning work while con-
as well as uninterrupted availability of networks and end devices
struction has already begun, Building Information Modelling (BIM)
— has eliminated the obstacles that made implementation difficult
is centred on planning the entire building with all its disciplines
before. At least in theory. Broad-based adoption is still hampered
all at once and then simulating, testing and, if needed, correcting
by the fragmentation of the various sectors encompassing many
it in a virtual data model. This makes it easy to eliminate errors
stakeholders with different interests. The companies and people
and inconsistencies in the software — instead of having to do it at
who work on the individual processes or disciplines within a build-
the construction site where it is a much more laborious process.
ing have traditionally acted independently. The close coordination
26 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 27
achieved through BIM is a novel concept and requires customised process steps and business models. Other limiting factors include
Smart buildings determine consumption
the comparatively high purchase costs of suitable systems, a lack
as well as current and predictive user
of standards and interfaces as well as the fact that only a few
demand, control themselves and procure
manufacturers to date have been able to provide BIM-compatible data for their components. In addition, current project award practices are such that ‘digital’ planning and simulation are typically neither budgeted for nor reflected in the fee schedules. Nevertheless, an ever increasing number of public construction
energy only when it is in adequate supply and available at a reasonable rate. This is how building intelligence will ultimately help stabilise the entire power grid.
and infrastructure projects now require BIM, and at the EU level its introduction has already been decided.
This aspect is becoming more important as the call for ‘zero net energy buildings’ is increasing at the European level. Smart buildings
Communicating and evaluating everything
meet this demand because they do not simply consume energy, they
Another cornerstone of digitalisation in building technology is the
also generate it using local systems such as photovoltaics, wind
Internet of Things — the internetworking of machines, devices,
power or combined heat and power plants (CHP). This is what is
components, sensors, actuators and other objects. This conver-
known as distributed generation. Any excess energy generated by
gence between the real and the digital world is the foundation for
the building is fed into a general power grid or stored locally, for
connecting the different disciplines in a building and for creating
example in electric vehicles connected to the building and used as
new digital services and building models. Remote service solutions,
temporary batteries while they are not being driven.
for instance, make it possible to detect and correct component
Smart buildings determine consumption as well as current and
problems quickly and efficiently from virtually anywhere. Preventive
predictive user demand, control themselves and procure energy
maintenance concepts minimise downtimes because components
only when it is in adequate supply and available at a reasonable
are able to notify their manufacturer at the first sign of trouble —
rate. This is how building intelligence will ultimately help stabilise
long before there is actual damage which would cause disruption.
the entire power grid. Today’s cloud-based building and energy
Today, business continuity is a vital factor in business planning.
management platforms from Siemens are important approaches
Sensors, actuators and similar devices supply a wealth of valuable information, most of which remains unused. Intelligent evaluation
towards that goal.
using big data applications could combine these massive but un-
The evolution of buildings
structured amounts of data into meaningful performance indicators
Digitalisation will take buildings into a new dimension in terms of
— in real time if needed. Smart algorithms evaluate trends and
efficiency, security and comfort. Because sensors are everywhere
recognise patterns in user behaviour or consumption, thus enabling
and the data they supply is evaluated intelligently, buildings will
informed decisions, predictive strategies and continuous optimisa-
become dynamic ecosystems that respond intelligently to their
tion. This, together with sophisticated self-optimisation functions,
environment and leverage their benefits over the long term in
gives buildings a central nervous system — making them smart.
conjunction with other buildings and infrastructures (‘smart grids’). The digital transformation in building technology will bring about
Smart buildings increase productivity and save energy
a paradigm shift for the entire industry: it will lead to new and
Building users benefit from such building intelligence. Since the
openness and transparency will be key; closed and proprietary
indoor environment is perfectly balanced in terms of lighting, air
systems will be big losers. This transformation process will lead
quality, temperature and humidity, they feel comfortable. This, in
to opportunities that can only flourish in the digital world. However,
turn, has a positive impact on their productivity at work. In addition,
new business models have already begun to change the rules of
smart buildings also have a positive effect on energy efficiency.
the game and have the potential to shift the balance of power in
Image courtesy of Siemens
changing business models. Software will become a central factor;
the marketplace. As a result, classic competitive situations will give way to more complex constellations where, through a network of partnerships and alliances, companies are interconnected in ecosystems but at the same time act as competitors in the market. It also means that partnerships between traditional industrial enterprises and large IT players will play a much more significant role. The alliance between Siemens and IBM is a targeted response to this development. For further information on the Building Technologies Division, visit www.siemens.com/buildingtechnologies. Siemens Ltd www.siemens.com.au
28 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Advanced oxidation process for taste and odour removal
© stock.adobe.com/au/Vasily Merkushev
-Water owns and operates the Sung-Nam Water
Ozone is produced by three Wedeco PDO 1000 ozone
Treatment Plant (WTP) in Sung-Nam Metro-City,
generators, with a total capacity of 51 kg ozone per hour,
providing drinking water to Sung-Nam, Yong-
fed with liquid oxygen. The ozone feed is combined with
in and Suwon City. It serves over 3 million
hydrogen peroxide to form hydroxyl radicals — highly
people and a beverage industry filling over 45,000 bottles
effective oxidising agents and the key to T&O destruction.
of drinking water per day.
Xylem also provided the underground hydrogen peroxide
Seasonal algal blooms cause taste and odour, leading
storage and the delivery system that efficiently mixes the
ozone and hydrogen peroxide via two DN 1000 diameter
Seasonal algal blooms in the Han-River, the Sung-Nam
ozone injection lines. Following injection, the water flows
WTP water source, produce elevated levels of taste and
through two separate concrete contact tanks for reaction
odour (T&O) compounds like geosmin and 2-MIB. These
T&O compounds are difficult to remove and can only be
Taste and odour complaints eliminated
eliminated through high-strength oxidation.
The reliable and efficient Wedeco ozone generating technology,
Difficult T&O compounds require advanced solutions
as well as the outstanding engineering work done by the
To assure the delivery of high-quality water, South Korea
Xylem team, enabled K-Water to supply high-quality water
invested over US$70 billion to build additional advanced
to its customers, regardless of the season. Highly efficient
water treatment facilities utilising advanced oxidation
ozone generation and mixing reduce operational expenditures.
processes (AOPs) in combination with activated carbon
The Wedeco MiPro eco3 AOP system completely removes
filtration. An AOP system, combining ozone and hydrogen
taste and odour causing compounds, eliminating customer
peroxide, would effectively remove these compounds
complaints and delivering dependable quality.
and other contaminants of emerging concern, delivering dependable, high-quality water to residential and industrial
To remove T&O compounds at Sung-Nam WTP, Xylem provided a complete AOP system. K-Water chose Wedeco because the brand offered reliable ozone generating technology, experience in engineering work and efficient mixing technology for operational savings. The Wedeco MiPro eco3 system oxidises taste and odour compounds, destroying them and other organic contaminants.
30 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Solar power for the aged-care sector With Perth’s aged-care industry rapidly
“The use of solar means lower power
growing, energy consultancy Perdaman
consumption costs, obvious benefits
Advanced Energy (PAE) is helping the
for the environment and greater social
sector to become more financially and
“The return on investment has
“While the aged-care industry as a
improved significantly in the last few
whole doesn’t have a reputation for being
years.” In addition to the SCC project,
quick to embrace new technology, the
PAE has also assisted aged-care
move towards large-scale retirement and
provider Bethanie with its electricity
aged-care village developments means
supply procurement, identifying steps the
the industry is ripe for using clean energy like solar,” said PAE
organisation can take to reduce its total portfolio electricity costs
Managing Director Dominic Da Cruz.
by over $250,000 annually. The company is additionally working on
“Aged care is a growth sector in terms of investment and growth, so factors such as energy use become more important in
the development of a microgrid for a series of planned retirement villages, which would ensure lower-cost electricity for residents.
the overall success of facilities.”
“Our aim is to engage other retirement and aged-care providers
Da Cruz said the company had just completed a $700,000 project
— not just in WA but across the country — and provide microgrid
for Southern Cross Care (SCC), installing solar energy systems
and solar energy solutions for as many villages as possible,” said
across five of its retirement villages in the Perth metropolitan
Da Cruz. PAE Chairman Vikas Rambal said there has “never been a
area. Generating approximately 657,940 kWh annually, the 328 kW
more exciting time” to be involved in the clean-energy and aged-care
of solar photovoltaic systems will provide between 19 and 30% of
sectors, “as both industries are experiencing unprecedented growth”.
the electricity required by each site, reducing the carbon impact of the sites by 539 tonnes of CO2 per year. “We’re now at an interesting time for the clean energy industry
“We’re confident this is just the beginning of revolutionising retirement villages and ensuring more aged-care operators follow suit by making the change to clean energy,” said Rambal.
because production costs have lowered, making the use of solar
Perdaman Advanced Energy
much more appealing, especially for growth industries,” said Da Cruz.
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Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 31
Sports ground gets a solar-powered sewer Solar technology is being used to power a pressure sewer system at the Truemans Road Recreation Reserve on the Mornington Peninsula, futureproofing sports club facilities for the local community and opening up new possibilities for the provision of wastewater facilities in remote areas. The milestone comes courtesy of South East Water’s Peninsula ECO project, which involves the connection of more than 16,500 properties on the Mornington Peninsula to an intelligent pressure sewer network that is able to cope with the region’s peak season usage. It is also tackling the issue of failing septic tanks, which can cause pollution of groundwater and waterways.
Charlie Littlefair, General Manager for Asset Creation at South East Water, Councillor Antonella Celi of Mornington Peninsula Shire Council and Daniel Mulino MP, Member for Eastern Victoria, with members of the local soccer and cricket clubs that will benefit from the solar-powered sewer installation.
With Mornington Peninsula Shire Council facing repairs to an ageing septic
the reticulated network and on to the water
powered by renewable energy.” Kevin
tank system serving the reserve’s busy
recycling plant, regardless of the time of
Hutchings, managing director for South
club rooms, South East Water saw an
day or season. For council, the result is a
East Water, added that the project highlights
opportunity to showcase its solar-powered
reliable, cost-effective reticulated sewer
the benefits that solar-powered pressure
pressure sewer technology, which uses
connection located off the electricity grid,
sewer technology can deliver in remote
solar PV panels as the source of energy
minimising construction and operating costs
and rural communities.
for the pressure sewer pump and OneBox
and freeing up more space in the reserve.
“Areas with unreliable power, or no
controller. Flows are remotely managed
“The use of solar-powered, intelligent
power at all, can still take advantage
on an individual property basis, removing
sewer technology will deliver significant
of pressure sewer technology and the
peaks and troughs and enabling the use
benefits for residents of the Mornington
environmental and cost benefits it delivers,”
of smaller pipes.
Peninsula by extending access to pressure
he said. “It’s an important step forward in
The project successfully demonstrated
sewerage services,” said Member for Eastern
improving the livability and sustainability
that solar power supported by battery
Victoria Daniel Mulino. “This cutting-edge
of our communities.”
technology can be used to pump wastewater
technology will also result in gains for the
South East Water Ltd
from the pressure sewer holding tank to
environment as more equipment will be
NCH offers advanced Wastewater solutions minimizing energy, water and maintenance costs.
Visit our stand at OzWater 2017 Stand SU11 Contact us for more info: firstname.lastname@example.org
32 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
WASTEWATER SOLUTION MEETS STRINGENT REGULATIONS
The MEMCOR® MemPulse® MBR System achieves increased effluent quality while reducing energy requirements by 3060% compared with conventional MBR aeration.
A low-maintenance wastewater solution using Australian technology and membranes was implemented at the North Head Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). This has resulted in a number of benefits including: improved water conservation and energy efficiency, higher quality output, lower operation/maintenance costs and minimal environmental impact.
eing one of the largest wastewater treatment facilities in Sydney, the North Head STP uses a large amount of potable water in the various processes of the plant. Drought across Australia prompted the increasing implementation of recycled water regulations. With these tightened regulations in 2005, the Sydney Water Corporation (SWC) sought a viable alternative to the STP’s water source. In addition to abiding by new restrictions, the plant’s location within a national park necessitated a solution that would have minimal impact on its surroundings, while still producing the required quality and quantity of water. A membrane bioreactor (MBR) system from Evoqua was chosen for the recycled water plant due to its ability to provide consistent high-quality water, within a small footprint at lower capital and operating costs. Additionally, MBR technology allows a high sludge concentration and replaces clarification with membrane filtration and therefore requires relatively low maintenance with cleaning conducted while the membrane modules remain in the tank. The result has little impact on the surrounding environment. The MBR system comprises separate aerated, anoxic and solids separation zones. Filtrate from the membrane zone is dosed with sodium hypochlorite to provide a chlorine contact time (CT) of at least 30 mg/L min. The membranes are hollow fibre with a 0.04µm nominal pore size. Screened settled sewage is pumped into the anoxic zone and mixed with a mixed liquor return. This combination then passes into the aerobic zone. Pumps draw from the aerobic zone and deliver mixed liquor to the membranes in the membrane operating systems (MOS). Advantages of the Evoqua MEMCOR® MBR system include: • Smaller footprint and high water quality output • Low maintenance system requirement • System longevity and performance • Long-term ability to meet regulatory criteria • Environmentally sound investment
Using the MBR system, the plant’s filtered water is drawn through membrane fibres by a suction pump to produce high-quality treated water. Simultaneously, the membranes are constantly scoured by an air/liquid mixture using MEMCOR® membrane bioreactor technology. Filtrate flows to chlorine contact tanks for disinfection before use in the treatment works, while mixed liquor recycles to the anoxic zone. Stable membrane performance is maintained by two types of routine cleaning. During weekly maintenance cleans, dilute hypochlorite is used as backwash. The three-monthly clean in place (CIP) is a much more rigorous cleaning process, involving removal of mixed liquor from the MOS, followed by washing. In 2007, Sydney Water undertook a detailed study of the plant’s MBR system to determine its effectiveness in removing microorganisms. The results were log reduction values (LRV) in the range of 4.7 – 6.2 for F-specific RNA bacteriophage, 5.4 – 6.7 for E. coli and 3.7 – 5.2 for somatic coliphage. The MBR also reduced Cryptosporidium, Giardia and human enteric viruses present in the influent to below detectable levels. These log reduction values exceeded most of the LRV range given for membrane filtration in the 2007 Australian Guidelines for Water Recycling (AGWR), despite being limited by the number of microorganisms present in the influent, proving that the MBR system is an effective and beneficial solution for pathogen removal, as well as high quality water output. Evoqua Water Technologies has been leading the membrane industry for over 30 years and has had a dedicated MBR team since 1995. Our MBR technology is currently in operation in over 150 municipal and industrial plants worldwide and has been proven to deliver greater effluent and productivity at a reduced life-cycle cost. The company's global R&D and sole membrane manufacturing facility is located in Windsor, NSW.
Evoqua Water Technologies Pty Ltd www.evoqua.com.au Ph 1300 661 809 Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 33
Solar heating enhances air quality in schools A Massey University construction
for solar heating, it is common sense to
professor was recognised at the 2016
use free solar energy for heating the air,”
New Zealand Institute of Building Awards
said Professor Phipps. “However, this
for her work on a solar heating project
is a novel concept in most countries.”
in New Zealand schools.
Results suggested that classrooms
Professor Robyn Phipps was highly
with roof-mounted solar ventilation
commended for the James Hardie
units require less conventional heating
Innovation Award for her leadership
than adjacent classrooms, reducing the
on the project, funded by the Health
cost of heating in schools by up to 2.5
Research Council of New Zealand and
times. An air quality test, conducted in
Lottery Health. The aim of the initiative
association with GNS Science, meanwhile
was to improve health and indoor climate
found that the solar ventilation unit had
in low-decile classrooms with a low-cost
a positive impact in decreasing PM10
solar ventilation unit.
(particulate matter smaller than 10 µm)
Nine out of 10 New Zealand classrooms
increasing classroom ventilation rate in
concentrations by a factor of 1.5 in the
are naturally ventilated through open
winter is needed. Professor Phipps’s project
windows. But due to the combination of a
found such a method in a solar air heater
high density of occupants and a reliance
from Danish company SolarVenti.
The study is also using genomics to identify bacteria collected by swabs
on natural ventilation, it is challenging to
Professor Phipps’ research team installed
taken from the children’s throats, which
provide these classrooms with adequate
roof-mounted SolarVenti solar air heater
acts as a measure of the trial’s success
ventilation — and, consequently, an
panels to heat fresh air and ventilate
in reducing student illness. “Analysis
acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ) —
classrooms in Palmerston North, 150 km
of the data is ongoing,” said Professor
during the winter months.
north of Wellington. The study involved 10
Phipps, “but it could be an effective tool
Conventional mechanical ventilation
primary classrooms in winter 2013 and 12
in reducing incidents of Streptococcus
systems are capital- and energy-
primary school classrooms in winter 2014.
within New Zealand schools.”
expensive, and are therefore not affordable
One school was added in 2014 to the 2013
for most NZ schools. Consequently, an
school sample. “As schools’ operating hours
alternative and affordable method for
coincide with peak daylight hours needed
Agrifood company acquires a biogas generator Agrifood company Rivalea is set to minimise its environmental footprint and reduce its energy consumption with an upcoming biogas generator installation. Conventional power generates around only 35% of primary energy as usable electricity and the rest is released into the atmosphere. The biogas fuel used by the Rivalea system will be captured from the natural breakdown of pig manure and turn a waste product into an energy source. The 2G Avus500plus unit, supplied by Evo Energy in a 12 m container module, offers combined heat and power technology that ensures energy efficiency of up to 90%. This means enormous cost savings as well as a massive reduction in carbon emissions. The installation is expected to generate around 25% of the site’s power per year, resulting in considerable energy cost savings for Rivalea. The project is estimated to offset over 28,000 per tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions, from grid and methane emissions avoided, every year.
“We are focused on initiatives that can improve our energy performance and reduce our environmental footprint,” said Ian
2G, a manufacturer of biogas cogeneration systems for
Longfield, Rivalea’s senior environmental officer. “Using biogas for
decentralised energy production, has commenced the Rivalea
energy is a major opportunity for the company to achieve both.”
custom build in its main production site in Heek, Germany. The
Evo Energy Technologies
build is expected to be installed in early 2017.
34 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Ageing treatment plant gets a makeover Thirty minutes north of the Sydney CBD,
“One of the main advantages, from my
fringed by the Ku-ring-gai Chase National
point of view, is that the BioGill system has
Park, you will find the Terrey Hills Golf
reduced the levels of nitrogen coming into
and Country Club. A former quarry site,
our irrigation water,” said Gill. “Previously,
the club opened in 1994 and is today
we had a high nitrogen water source which
renowned for its natural bushland and
played a major role in delivering more
close proximity to the city.
nitrogen to our turf surfaces without our
The course’s superintendent, Stuart
control, causing a variety of playability and
Gill, noted that the club is “committed to
turf health issues, including puffy turf that
environmental best practices and caring
is prone to mower scalping.”
for our natural assets, which includes
The BioGill treatment plant at the golf course.
treating our wastewater on-site for re-use
The plant is now fully compliant, with independent testing showing total nitrogen
on the course”. So when the club realised
an oxygen-rich habitat for microorganisms,
reduced from 40 mg/L to less than 8 mg/L,
that its ageing wastewater treatment plant
enabling them to grow and flourish. This
total BOD reductions from 340 mg/L to
was underperforming, it knew it had two
increases nutrient removal from wastewater,
less than 10 mg/L and soluble BOD in the
options: build an entirely new plant or
resulting in high-level reductions of BOD,
effluent reduced to undetectable levels.
upgrade the existing one.
COD and organics.
The plant is meeting all the treatment
After reviewing a variety of technology
The plant uses six BioGill Towers and four
platforms, the club decided to retrofit
custom-made submerged modules to treat
“Our makeover approach has saved
BioGill above-ground bioreactors to the
40,000 L/day of sewage from a residential
the club money, increased the treatment
existing plant. Developed by the Australian
estate and wastewater from the restaurant
performance and extended the life of the
Government, BioGill technology is based
kitchen and toilets at the club. The treated
existing plant,” said Gill.
on the premise of harnessing nature. Nano
wastewater is then re-used for subsurface
BioGill Operations Pty Limited
ceramic media, known as ‘gills’, provide
irrigation within the estate.
requirements from the local authorities.
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 35
ROTARY SCREW COMPRESSORS Kaeser Compressors has announced its latest generation DSD.3 series rotary screw compressors, featuring a high-performance Kaeser rotary screw compressor block equipped with the flow-optimised and energy-saving ‘Sigma Profile’ rotors. The series boasts up to 6% better power performance compared with previous models. It includes a ‘super premium efficiency’ IE4 electric motor that complies with and exceeds prevailing Australian GEMS regulations for three-phase electric motors, while also contributing to lower energy costs. Transmission losses associated with gear or belt drive solutions are further eliminated with these 1:1 direct drive systems. All models feature a built-in Sigma Control 2 industrial PC-based compressor controller that is responsible for dynamically adjusting the flow rate to match actual compressed air demand, thereby assuring further energy savings. Energy-saving control modes, variable communication interfaces for communication with centralised control systems and an SD card for update and backup are just some of the many features available on the Sigma Control 2. Relevant information can be viewed at a glance from the easy-to-read display. RFID technology further assures secure login, meaning that service work and system changes to the compressor can only be performed by authorised personnel. The sensor-controlled electronic thermal management (ETM) system dynamically controls the screw compressor block discharge temperature. The control valve actuator is controlled via signals from the Sigma Control 2 controller, which is coordinated with the oil cooler’s speed-controlled fan. For the end user, avoiding high screw compressor block discharge temperatures leads to reduced energy consumption and potentially a longer fluid service life. The units are available air- or water-cooled, with drive power 75 to 132 kW, working pressure 5.5 to 15 bar and free air deliveries from 3.6 to 25.45 m3/min. They are available as a standard machine, with integrated refrigeration dryer and/or with Sigma Frequency Control. Kaeser Compressors Australia www.kaeser.com.au
36 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Sludge screens help Sydney Water produce biogas from sewage
TRAINPRESS® technology from Hydroflux HUBER
The STRAINPRESS® sludge screen is a pressure-fed
is playing a small but vital part in helping Sydney
inline system for screening any type of sludge, including
Water achieve its goal of making a number of
highly viscous and greasy waste. Said to increase the
improvements at its Malabar sewage treatment
reliability of downstream sludge treatment systems and
plant. One of the major benefits will be an improvement
to reduce maintenance requirements, it consists of inlet
in the quality of biosolids produced.
and screening zone, a press zone and a discharge section.
The Malabar STP, which processes nearly half of the
A pump presses the liquid through the screening zone
city’s sewage through its primary treatment processes,
and delivers it to further process steps or utilisation.
produces about 33,000 tonnes a year of nutrient-rich
The liquid is under pressure. The coarse material, which
biosolids — a soil conditioner/fertiliser which is used
is retained on the screen surface, is stripped off by a
extensively to improve the fertility and structure of farming
coaxial screw and pushed through the press zone, where
soils in NSW. These biosolids can produce green energy
the material is extensively dewatered and compacted. The
in the form of biogas.
compacted material is pressed through a gap around a
“To increase the performance and efficiency of anaerobic digesters that process the biosolids, Hydroflux HUBER
hydraulically operated pressure cone, which closes part of the pipe end and builds up counter pressure.
supplied the Malabar STP with three HUBER STRAINPRESS®
The system does not need any wash water, as backwashing
sludge screens,” said John Koumoukelis, a director of
of the screen is unnecessary. The perforation and design
of the discharge section are individually adjusted to suit
“These STRAINPRESS ® sludge screens have been operating for six months and are successfully removing
specific requirements and it is easy to integrate the product into the existing pipeline and automatic system.
unwanted screenings such as plastics, fine rags and cotton
“One of the major benefits of STRAINPRESS® is that
buds from biosolids before it is processed in the anaerobic
it prolongs the need to put a digester offline for cleaning
digesters. These materials would also block mixers, heat
by many years — so the three sludge screens will make
exchangers and sludge pumps that are installed within
a major contribution to minimising the maintenance costs
at the Malabar STP,” said Koumoukelis.
“These unwanted materials would otherwise accumulate within the digester, leading to a reduction in performance, maintenance headaches and a reduction in the amount of gas produced.”
Hydroflux HUBER Pty Ltd www.hydrofluxhuber.com.au
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 37
Going beyond the
environmental impact statement Robin Ormerod, Managing Director, EnviroSuite
Before any large-scale construction project is approved, authorities are certain to require the preparation of a comprehensive environmental impact statement. Whether it’s the extension of a major highway, building a new airport runway, or the development of a shipping port, all the ways in which the surrounding environment could be affected must be assessed.
uch impact statements are complex documents that
project designs. During the construction phase, a network of sensors
need to incorporate data about a diverse range of
should be deployed that can collect data about key variables and feed
factors. First, the environmental conditions that exist
this back to a central store for analysis.
prior to the project’s commencement must be care-
The type, number and location of sensors will vary depending on
fully measured and documented. This could include
the nature of the construction project. For example, when building the
everything from water quality in rivers and lakes, to
highway extension, some could be placed on light poles to monitor air
soil quality, air quality and the health of any native birds and animals.
quality and noise levels. Others could be embedded in the roadway
Once this has been completed, estimates must be made of the
itself to monitor traffic volumes at particular times of day.
impact the completed project will have on this baseline data. Key ques-
In the airport project, sensors could be placed at the boundary
tions need to be asked about how particular factors will change the
of the facility to monitor the air quality and noise conditions being
environment and what steps can be taken to mitigate these changes.
experienced in the surrounding environment. In the shipping port,
How will increased traffic levels on the new highway affect local
they could be attached to moored buoys and detect changes in water
bird life? What will rising aircraft numbers do to noise levels in the
quality and aquatic noise levels that could affect local fish stocks.
area? To what degree will extra shipping movements be detrimental to water quality and fishing areas?
Ongoing data analysis Data from these sensor networks can then be combined with data from
Not a set-and-forget process
other sources. This could include weather conditions and forecasts,
Unfortunately, for many large construction projects, after approval has
feedback from local communities and incident reports, and operational
been granted, their detailed environmental impact assessment report
data about the new facility itself.
becomes little more than a document of record. The company agrees
Once all this data has been collected, sophisticated analysis tools
to adhere to any conditions of the construction approval relevant to
can be put to work to identify trends. These can then be compared
the impact assessment, but then focus shifts to the project itself. Little
with the original impact statement to see exactly how the new facility
attention is given to whether or not the estimated impacts occur, or
is affecting the surrounding areas.
are actually exceeded.
These tools can also undertake ‘what if’ scenario planning to deter-
To overcome this it is important for construction companies to
mine how changes in external conditions could change the impact of
incorporate the ability to undertake ongoing monitoring into their
the facility. For example, how could forecast heavy rain cause changes
38 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
in the port’s water quality? To what degree will strong winds shift
pollution from aircraft into a nearby residential area? Depending on
see the effects that operations are having and any problems that have been predicted before they occur. Armed with these data-based predictions, operators can make informed decisions about their facility. By combining data from sen-
construction projects, after approval
the tools being used, many of the results can be provided in graphical form, and overlayed on maps of the area. This allows staff to clearly
environmental impact assessment report becomes
sor networks with that created by the facility’s infrastructure, a clear picture can be created of the impact that changes in operations has on the surrounding environment. Decisions can then be made in real time on whether factors need to be changed to improve conditions. For example, a decision may be taken to divert traffic to a different motorway until atmospheric conditions change or noise levels can be brought back below those required by the original approval. Or perhaps shipping arrivals need to be halted during a forecast period of higher than normal rainfall.
Better outcomes for all parties
noise levels which can be quickly mapped against change in runway use. Reports from fishermen of falling catch numbers can be linked to a surge in shipping numbers. By being better informed, thanks to access to real-time data from a variety of sources, operators of facilities can become much more proactive in the way in which they are managed. By going beyond a ‘set-and-forget’ environmental impact statement, those responsible for the ongoing operation of new assets can be confident they are adhering to the set standards throughout its opera-
Access to real-time data on the impact of operations can also make
tional life. This will result in better outcomes for all parties involved.
it easier for operators to respond to complaints from external parties.
EnviroSuite Pty Ltd
Residents close to an airport may report higher than usual pollution or
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 39
AIR VELOCITY TRANSMITTER Dwyer Instruments’ Series AVUL Air Velocity Transmitter is a versatile, duct-mount thermal anemometer that is suitable for measuring air velocity or volumetric airflow in VAV systems or building ducts. By measuring the heat loss between its two sensing elements as air flows, the product
HYBRID SOLAR INVERTER
converts this reading into air velocity or volumetric airflow, without the potential for getting clogged like a pitot tube. Accuracy ranges of 3% and 5% are available to suit a variety of
needs. The optional BACnet or MODBUS Communication Protocol
gies has developed an
allows units to be daisy-chained together while providing access
to all of the velocity and volumetric flow data, as well as additional
and software system
information such as air temperature.
to capture, store and manage solar energy, giving residential and commercial users more control of their energy usage.
All models can be wired for 4 to 20 mA, 0 to 5/10 VDC output or simultaneous current and voltage output, providing a universal connection to PLCs and monitoring equipment. The optional, integral LCD or A-435-A portable remote display tool provides an
The Redback Smart Hybrid Inverter is a 4.6 kW inverter
additional and convenient way to locally monitor process values
which can be paired with over 6 kW of solar array.
and configure the unit.
The system allows for hybrid capability, offering an uninterrupted power supply and back-up power all in one. It is IP65 rated so it can be mounted either inside or outside the home. The inverter is compatible with popular battery
Onboard dip switches allow users to quickly and easily select the full scale velocity range, output type, engineering units and velocity or volumetric flow mode, saving time on configuration and installation. Dwyer Instruments (Aust) Pty Ltd www.dwyer-inst.com.au
chemistries including LG Chem and Pylontech. It has an IP54 environmental protection rating and has been designed with a robust powder-coated cast aluminium casing. In addition to the lightweight, easy-to-install hardware, the product’s software is hosted in Microsoft’s Azure cloud platform, ensuring easy updates and upgrades as technology develops.
GAS DETECTOR SOFTWARE Industrial Scientific has introduced an updated data environment for users of its iNet Control hosted software for managing gas detector fleets. The
The system utilises the Internet of Things to ensure
product improves safety by presenting data more effectively to help manage
smart household appliances can be switched on
people, hazards and equipment.
and off at optimal times to get the best use of the power generated. It has the ability to use machine learning to gather intelligence over time, learning from user preferences as well as drawing data from external factors like the weather. The inverter can be managed and monitored through the Redback app or portal, giving users and installers full visibility and control of the energy flow in a home. Redback Technologies Australia www.redbacktech.com
Compatible with desktop or handheld electronic devices, the user interface includes improved spacing, intuitive graphics and sleek colours and fonts, making it simple to review, report and analyse data. Data management upgrades improve response times and enhance data security and privacy. The product provides visibility into the maintenance, usage and alarm data from gas detection equipment. The improved user interface adapts to any screen size, making it easier to use than ever before. Current users of iNet Control will see the update automatically the next time they log in to the software. Industrial Scientific Corporation www.indsci.com
40 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
TOTAL CHLORINE ANALYSER The TC-80 Total Chlorine Analyser from Electro-Chemical Devices (ECD) monitors total chlorine in drinking water, rinse water, cooling water and other freshwater samples, from 0.05–20 ppm chlorine as the standard range or 0.005–2 ppm with the low-range sensor. The plug-and-play device incorporates a constant head flow control device, a pH sensor, a chlorine sensor and ECD’s T80 analyser/transmitter mounted on a PVC panel. The sensor is a three-electrode amperometric sensor with a gold cathode, silver halide anode and 304 SS counter electrode. The pH sensor provides compensation for samples between pH 4 and pH 12, eliminating the need for sample conditioning systems. The flow controller maintains the optimum flow by the sensor over a range of incoming sample flow rates. The minimum flow required is 38 L/h and the maximum flow rate is 302 L/h, with the sample going to drain at atmospheric pressure. The analyser is available with either 110–240 VAC or 24 VDC power. The device graphically displays both the total chlorine and pH, allowing for easy trend analysis. The standard configuration has two 4–20 mA outputs and three alarm relays. An auto clean option includes a solenoid actuated spray cleaner using either 2 bar process water or air. A timer controls the period and duration of the cleaning cycle. AMS Instrumentation & Calibration Pty Ltd www.ams-ic.com.au
TRIO POWER SUPPLIES Standard functions combined with high quality & reliability
The new generation of the TRIO POWER range of power supplies is ideal for use in machine building: the functions and space-saving design are tailored to the high demands in this sector. The power supply units, which feature an extremely robust electrical and mechanical design, ensure the reliable supply of all loads even under harsh ambient conditions.
www.phoenixcontact.com.au/trio | 1300 786 411
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 41
Start-up could solve SA’s power problem Tens of thousands of South Australian homes and businesses have been repeatedly left without power because of storms and the unique ecosystem of the SA power market.
n March, the South Australian Government launched
AusIndustry. Moriarty said that at this stage, approximately $3m has
a plan for energy security in an effort to curb these
been invested by shareholders.
power issues. Key components of the government’s
The solution uses abundantly available elemental silicon for
new plan focus on renewable energy storage and
storing and retrieving electrical energy enabling low-cost stor-
gas, and include:
age of energy and a stable supply back to the grid — a critical
• a call for tenders to develop a 100 MW grid-scale battery storage facility for renewable energy, using approximately $150 million from the Renewable Technology Fund; • development of a new 250 MW gas-fired power plant to offset the intermittent nature of renewables, expected to cost $360 million; • legislation to allow the Energy Minister powers for market intervention in the electricity market, for example, to instruct for generators to be turned when required; • establishment of an energy security target — confirming its commitment to a 50% renewables target; • $24 million investment in gas exploration under its Plan for Accelerating Exploration; • gas royalty incentives for landowners. The pros and cons of Jay Weatherill’s state plan to take control of
its energy future have been hotly debated since its release. According to Dr Kevin Moriarty, chairman of Adelaide-based 1414 Degrees, the government doesn’t even need to look outside its own borders and workforce for the solutions. Originating from CSIRO research, the 1414 Degrees solution is a patented thermal energy storage system (TESS), which is claimed to reduce energy costs by increasing the efficiency of renewable generation and stabilising grid supply.
requirement as renewable generation increases, not just in SA but globally. This has advantages from an environmental perspective, as the decommissioning of a TESS is benign. The company said: “Waste produced is solidified silicon that can easily be disposed of or recycled. It does not need to be treated or specially contained and has no damaging chemical impact if it needs to be discarded at the end of its useful life.”
Stabilising the grid The prototype TESS had its first successful run on 30 September 2016. The company has calculated that it can install sufficient storage, capable of supplying hundreds of MW of electricity, at just $70,000 per MWh to provide for a reliable electricity supply with up to 90% renewable sources and end the blackouts in South Australia. As well as producing electricity, excess heat can also be used to heat water for use in heating and other industrial processes. As a comparison, lithium batteries cost 10 times as much and need to be regularly replaced. The TESS is differentiated from pumped hydro and solar thermal by having minimal site-specific requirements and is a containerised solution for cost-effective integration in almost any location. The solution can be placed near grid interconnects, which minimises the additional costs of kilometres of high-voltage lines and their com-
A full prototype is now ready for commercialisation after a decade
mensurate energy losses and positioning adjacent to a district heating
developing this highly complex machine.The prototype development
network. This, therefore, reduces the cost of connecting expensive
was co-funded by an accelerating commercialisation grant from
and disruptive infrastructure.
42 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
energy storage 10 and 200 MWh modules are available and can be connected to fill the range from 10 MWh to +2 GWh. The solution can provide peak shifting by storing renewable generation at times of low demand and releasing at periods of high demand. “A sufficiently large TESS presence on the grid would increase the efficiency of existing wind generation and allow more to be built without risking stability,” Moriarty said. “Our approach is to build our TESS energy storage units where the clean hot air heat from the turbines can be used for industry and residential heat requirements to displace gas. “An additional advantage is that the in-built turbines can be fired by gas or biofuel if there is an emergency where renewable sources are cut off, such as happened in the state-wide blackout,” Moriarty said. According to Moriarty, some of the industries that could benefit 1414 Degrees is now assessing industry and generation sites for
from this type of technology and why include: • Renewable generation could expand, become more efficient and
its first installations of a 10 and a 200 MWh TESS. Suitable sites for 1414 Degrees would be at a wind farm or near an existing gas-fired
increase cash flows. • Industries that use large quantities of low-grade heat, such as food processing and production, could access low-cost heat without emissions.
generator. The technology will increase efficiency and revenues of a wind farm through load shifting to times of maximum demand. The company is working towards building the first commercial
• Cold climate cities and towns use substantial amounts of energy
installations in 2017. It is also now considering a non-compliant tender
to heat housing and buildings — ‘district heating’. Currently this is
for the SA Government’s Energy Reform Plan’s emergency gas power
sourced from burning gas or from the grid but TESS could store
plant to incorporate storage with the planned turbine plant.
renewable energy at times of low demand (and low prices) and
1414 Degrees www.1414degrees.com.au
SMC Australia | New Zealand
supply both heat and power at a lower cost.
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SMC Pneumatics Australia | New Zealand Group
SMC-ANZ_WF Media Sustainability Matters_HPad0317.indd www.SustainabilityMatters.net.au
Global Leader in Pneumatics and Automation 2017/03/22Matters 02:27:10 PM Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability 43
DIGITAL PRODUCTS FOR REVERSE VENDING MACHINES
MEASUREMENT AND VERIFICATION SERVICE
TOMRA Connect is a portfolio of digital products for machines
BuildingIQ has announced a
collecting cans and bottles for re-use and recycling. The
measurement and verification ser-
products offer further insights and engagement opportunities
vice that allows building owner/
for locales providing the machines and the recyclers who use
operators to automatically meas-
them, going beyond the bin-approaching-full indicators that have
ure and verify the effectiveness
so far popularised the Internet of Things for waste collection.
and impact of energy-saving
With engagement program TOMRA ReAct, consumers earn points
measures in order to qualify for
to redeem rewards or make donations. The machine’s touch
utility or organisational savings
screen enables retailers to promote specials and campaigns.
incentives and mandates.
Analytics pulls business intelligence from big data. It shows
Called Automated Measurement
queueing time, cleaning quality, recycling volumes throughout
& Verification (AM&V), the service
the day and more.
is compliant with the International
Notify + Assist gives personnel real-time notifications when machines require attention and stepby-step guidance on fixing. The product also combats fraud attempts through real-time validation of refund receipts. TOMRA Sorting Solutions Pty Ltd www.tomra.com
Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) practices and is designed to deliver fast M&V. It enables organisations to deploy M&V technology once and use it frequently, saving time, money
GSM CELLULAR KIT FOR SOLAR MONITORING
and complexity. The methodology used in the service is consistent and repeatable,
SolarEdge is now offering a GSM cellular kit that includes a
effectively eliminating the human
pre-installed SIM card with a data plan. The product enables
error inherent in standard M&V
PV internet connectivity to enhance monitoring and PV asset management.
practices including data collec-
Typical communication strategies require installers to enter the premises for set-up and then for the system owner to maintain that connection via their router throughout a system’s lifetime. Both of these requirements can be burdensome. The GSM cellular kit is said to simplify the set-up of solar monitoring connections by eliminating the need to access the premises, speeding up installation times and reducing installation costs of the installer, while also removing the requirement for the system owner to maintain router connectivity. Suitable for locations without internet access or broadband infrastructure, the GSM cellular kit includes a GSM network card combined with a pre-installed SIM card including a five-year data plan. The kit can be used in combination with any single-phase SolarEdge inverter, including SolarEdge’s StorEdge solutions, to provide online PV, battery and consumption monitoring.
tion (independent and dependent variables), baseline creation, baseline prediction output, savings calculations (baseline vs actual) and non-routine adjustments. Baseline models are rigorously reviewed prior to use and all results undergo periodic quality assurance. BuildingIQ www.buildingiq.com
SolarEdge Technologies Inc. www.solaredge.com
44 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM NCH has unveiled its environmentally friendly solution for the treatment of trade wastewater. Growing 30 trillion bacteria each day, the BioAmp system directly targets fats and greases in wastewater, reducing biological oxygen demand levels.
SOLAR INVERTER ABB Australiaâ€™s UNO-DM-PLUS single-phase solar inverter is suitable for residential photovoltaic (PV) owners. Its embedded wireless
The technology involves automatically delivering live
connectivity and smart grid capabilities provide
bacteria into the trade waste system, which fast-tracks
home owners with advanced monitoring, con-
the natural recycling process. Treating wastewater run-off
trol and maintenance. Installers benefit with a
from dairy farms and piggeries is an area where this is
quick and easy self-commissioning process,
particularly effective, as bacteria reduces sludge and crust
while their maintenance burden is eased due
with minimal intervention.
to web-enabled service software updates.
NCH also provides on-site analysis and tailored programs
All service software is embedded within the in-
that take an integrated approach to the management of
verter and wirelessly accessible using any smart
trade wastewater. Drain maintenance, lift stations, grease
device or PC. This reduces the operation and
traps and the reduction of COD and BOD are all utilised
maintenance burden for installers and associated costs for home owners.
by the company, along with the BioAmp technology.
The unitâ€™s connectivity package allows for smart grid capabilities such as
A comprehensive program implemented by the company
dynamic feed-in control, which manages the energy fed into the grid. It uses
aims to improve the quality of trade waste effluent, reduce
the SunSpec-compatible open communication protocol to ensure compli-
odours and keep drains flowing. Advising manufacturers on
ance with future grid codes and maintains off-the-shelf interoperability with
the most effective methods to reach particular wastewater
other devices in the system.
benchmarks, NCH specialists ensure legal standards are adhered to and trade waste costs are kept to a minimum. NCH Australia www.nchasia.com/en-au
Rated from 3 to 5 kW, the inverter sports a streamlined physical design with reduced component count. This contributes to a lighter and smaller inverter than its predecessors. ABB Australia Pty Ltd www.abbaustralia.com.au
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 45
Achieving business sustainability
Management systems approach aligned to ISO 55000 Farshad Ibrahimi, Executive Advisor & Service Line Leader, Asset Management, GHD Advisory Asset management requires a multidisciplinary approach. It spans across a wide range of disciplines including engineering, finance, operations, information systems, management, contract and supplier management, human resources and organisational development.
ncreased service expec-
ISO55001 defines the requirements of
approach. Furthermore, asset owners are
tations and asset utilisa-
an asset management system to provide an
encouraged to display further diligence in
tion, combined with a
organisation with a disciplined approach to
maintaining and protecting their portfolios
maximise value and/or minimise liabilities
(sometimes billions of dollars worth of as-
outlook, are some of the
for its portfolio of assets. Most organisa-
sets), which are integral to the sustainable
challenges facing manag-
tions aiming to increase their AM maturity
futures of our communities, and the environ-
are aligning their current practice to the
ment we live in.
ers of critical water infrastructure. Water utilities and other organisations
key requirements of this standard, which
The role of asset owners and managers
with large asset portfolios are increasingly
will also set the organisation to efficiently
(ie, utilities and essential service providers)
being asked to show regulators and stake-
achieve ISO certification in the future, with
is increasingly signified and recognised as
holders that they are delivering services in
less additional effort.
one of utmost importance in creating livable
the most sustainable and efficient manner.
The AMAF details mandatory asset man-
communities while protecting the environment
agement requirements as well as general
for the long term. Local frameworks like AMAF
Plan for Victoria
guidance for state government agencies in
increasingly reflect the global focus on better
In what is claimed as a first for the Vic-
Victoria. Mandatory requirements include
asset management and service delivery. In this
torian water industry, GHD was engaged
developing asset management strategies,
context, asset managers are at the forefront of
to undertake a review of South Gippsland
governance frameworks, performance stand-
driving and influencing change that will benefit
Waterâ€™s (SGW) Asset Management (AM)
ards and processes to regularly monitor and
not only our current, but future generations.
strategy, and develop an improvement plan,
improve asset management.
in alignment with two distinctive frame-
Both the ISO55001 and AMAF frameworks
works, namely: ISO55001 AM standards
share a focus on outcomes, and intend to help
SGWâ€™s existing AM Strategy was focused
and the Victorian Department of Treasury
the organisation deliver better services. They
on four strategic improvements: embedding
and Finance (DTF) Draft Asset Manage-
encourage an increased focus on govern-
AM into the business, using data to make
ment Accountability Framework (AMAF)
ance and executive-level ownership of asset
informed decisions, formalising AM activities
management, using a management systems
and implementing advanced AM.
46 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
asset management The project involved a full review of the
strategies have been developed, supported
driving change. Driving and influencing change
enterprise asset management framework, and
by detailed action and implementation plans.
at this level is not limited to technical and
the development of a strategic asset manage-
Each improvement plan correlates to a mini
business process level improvements, but also
ment plan and roadmap for full lifecycle asset
business case, outlining context, background,
extends to cultural transition, capability build-
management, through a Management Systems
issues/challenge, recommended actions, esti-
ing, and increased operational and business
approach, aligned to both ISO and AMAF.
mate of resources and timelines.
resilience. Most importantly, the focus is on
GHD used a carefully structured process
The strategic asset management plan
to compare SGW’s AM Strategy and practice
developed for SGW will also inform the util-
against the requirements of ISO55001 and
ity’s attestation effort, to publicise its asset
With advances in technology, and the
AMAF. This involved:
management activity outcomes through its
Internet of Things, making information and
• a comprehensive document review;
annual reporting frameworks, with more
knowledge readily available at our fingertips,
• an initial status quo assessment and
confidence. It provides the roadmap for a
our customers are becoming smarter in man-
seamless transition towards compliance with
aging their service providers. The demand for
global asset management standards (ie, ISO)
improved service levels, and justifications for
and sets the benchmark for similar-sized
cost of service, are notionally at an all-time
organisations to take the leap.
high, driving a customer-centric approach to
validation; • engaging key stakeholders from executives through to practitioners; • comprehensive review of a series of AM and business documents;
outcomes: ie, driving better service delivery to the community.
service levels, and asset management strate-
Lessons for the industry
gies and investments. Asset owners and man-
This level of improvement planning allows
agers are therefore obligated to demonstrate
asset owners and managers to not only under-
further diligence in development of responsive
stand the metrics and strategies they need to
strategies to meet these demands, and adapt
The exercise identified a series of challenges
comply with international standards and meet
an appropriate management systems mindset.
for SGW, both strategic and operational.
state government requirements, but also to
GHD Pty Ltd
A corresponding number of improvement
be guided with the level of effort involved in
• development of a strategic asset management plan.
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 47
ENERGY INTELLIGENCE PLATFORM BuildingIQ has launched its BuildingIQ 5i platform-enabled services, designed to deliver value to building operators at any stage of a building’s life cycle. Compared to previous approaches, the platform and services are said to provide a better building IoT solution for owner-operators due to the five-pillar approach of data capture analysis, advanced modelling, measurement and verification, closed loop predictive control and expert human analysis. The company’s services can be deployed selectively to meet the needs of any building. They are subscription based and require little to no infrastructure changes to implement. Services built on the platform work together synergistically, so owner-operators need not worry about BMS changes or market evolution. The platform learns daily to provide a powerful energy intelligence foundation for a building. As buildings evolve, so does the platform — accommodating new BMS, new feedback methodologies and sensors, and alternative generation such as solar and local storage. The platform and services use a holistic approach to meet the diverse needs of building owners, recognising a difficult building system management environment, demanding and sophisticated tenants, and the inherent enthalpy of large and complex building systems. By leveraging a building’s internal data (occupancy comfort, building characteristics and meter data), external data (demand response signals, energy tariffs and weather forecasts) and 24/7 access to BuildingIQ’s expert team of operators, building engineers and data scientists, the platform is able to deliver a blend of energy saving, operational efficiency and tenant comfort benefits. BuildingIQ www.buildingiq.com
COMBUSTION CONTROL OXYGEN ANALYSER
The XZR500 combustion control oxygen
help the utilities sector respond to changing
analyser from Michell Instruments is designed
regulatory, technological and digital data envi-
to monitor the oxygen levels in combustion
ronments. Spotless Advanced Metering (SAM)
processes. Its purpose is to determine the
delivers a simple, efficient, scalable, whole-of-
optimum amount of air needed for combus-
life metering proposition that is delivered by
tion, ensuring the fuel is used efficiently and
a single contract, interface and fee.
potentially saving thousands of dollars. It
From 1 December 2017, all new and replace-
monitors the exhaust gas for excess oxygen ensuring that the conditions are kept close to stoichiometric (ideal) levels.
Spotless has launched a metering model to
ment meters installed in homes and small business will be advanced digital meters. Spotless’s business model provides a service
The product uses Michell’s zirconium oxide oxygen sensor, which has a metallic sealed
direct to retailers, including meter supply and
reference (MSRS) to give long-term reliability. The combination of this type of sensor,
finance, installation and maintenance servicing,
placed in an isothermal oven within the analyser, negates the effects of varying, high
and remote digital services.
temperatures as well as the corrosive nature of the gas. This also reduces time spent
SAM focuses on contract and operations
on maintenance: if a sensor needs replacement, this can be done within minutes without interrupting the process.
efficiency, as well as effective risk allocation. It provides the required standards with the good
The analyser has a control unit which can be placed at ground level for convenience, a
value, allowing retailers to focus on their core
sensor head close-coupled to the stack for ease of installation and quick response, and a
retail energy business of today while providing
variety of probe materials allowing a wide range of applications to be addressed.
a platform to help them to thrive tomorrow.
For most applications the probes use the Pitot effect to extract non-conditioned sample gas
Spotless will provide industry, particularly retail-
from the process to the sensor head and back to the flue. Placing the probe as close to
ers, with end-to-end metering services enabled
the burner as possible gives the most accurate readings, so the unit has ceramic probes
through state-of-the-art technology, digital
capable of operating effectively in temperatures up to 1300°C.
data capture and analytics, and operating
Typical applications include combustion efficiency for boilers, industrial waste incinerators
and financing solutions. The company has a
and crematoria. When operated in dirty applications, such as coal-fired power stations, the
deep retail and customer expertise across the
product can be offered with a blow-back mechanism for increased reliability in readings
metering industry and a strong understanding
and reduced manual intervention.
of risks associated with the market.
AMS Instrumentation & Calibration Pty Ltd www.ams-ic.com.au
48 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
MULTIPARAMETER SONDE The In-Situ Aqua TROLL 600, distributed by Thermo Fisher Scientific, is a customisable and powerful multiparameter water analysis instrument. It combines water quality sensors with smartphone mobility to collect and analyse usersâ€™ data. The water quality platform is rugged in groundwater and corrosion-resistant in surface water, delivering data in an easy-to-use, flexible instrument that performs for years. It is said to be the only multiparameter sonde to have a sub-2â€ł active antifouling system with cleanable conductivity. Base sensor configuration includes EPA-approved optical dissolved oxygen, pH/ORP, turbidity, conductivity, temperature and pressure. The product can be integrated with In-Situ telemetry systems and HydroVu Data Services for realtime feedback on remote monitoring sites. The LCD display provides an instant visual indication of sensor status, data log, battery life and overall functionality to offer confidence during deployment. The onboard SD card allows for quick and easy data backup and transfer. A self-compensating turbidity/RDO/level, smart diagnostics and stable sensor technology provide minimal drift with a NIST-traceable factory calibration report. Smart sensors store information internally, maintaining data and calibration within the sensor for traceable results. Thermo Fisher Scientific www.thermofisher.com.au
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 49
Resource Centre Energy storage disrupting the electricity market Energy storage lies at the heart of grid digitisation and is part of a larger trend of technologies that is disrupting South Australia’s network for the better, according to Terry Teoh, general manager of engineering
What: Australian Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition When: 14–15 June Where: International Convention Centre Sydney Web:
at ZEN Energy. Ahead of his presentation on monetising
The four sites — the Art Gallery, State
storage at the grid edge in Adelaide’s CBD
Library, Adelaide High School and the Adelaide
at the Australian Energy Storage Conference,
City Council works depot in Thebarton — were
Teoh’s presentation at the Australian En-
Teoh said battery storage currently has strong
chosen for their contrasting load and occu-
ergy Storage Conference, ‘Monetising Storage
market potential in South Australia and the
pancy patterns, and their potential to apply
at the Grid Edge in the Adelaide CBD: The
National Electricity Market (NEM).
battery storage in conjunction with solar and
South Australian storage demo project’, will
explore the deployment of commercial storage
“Energy storage and the ability to perform
to alleviate their energy price distress in South Australia.”
peer transactions lie at the heart of grid dig-
Teoh said the $1 million project will play
in Australia and, in particular, how storage
itisation and will drive the democratisation of
a defining role in opening up the commercial
can be used to safeguard South Australia’s
energy, just as we are seeing the democrati-
storage market, starting in South Australia.
sation of services, media and R&D,” he said.
“It will provide real implementation expe-
The conference and exhibition will run
Teoh and ZEN Energy are undertaking a
rience and benefit quantification of batteries
from 14–15 June at the International Con-
groundbreaking project demonstrating real-
located in commercial sites, monetising
vention Centre in Sydney. Themed ‘Investing
time optimisation and monetisation of battery
multiple value streams,” he said.
in Australia’s Energy Storage Future’, the
storage in the NEM by connecting four high-
“It will turn a theoretical concept into a
event will feature more than 50 Australian
profile Adelaide CBD buildings to 513 kWh of
commercially executable reality for commercial
and international speakers presenting on the
and industrial customers looking for a lifeline
possibilities of storage.
DATA LOGGER WITH TABLET CONTROL The ALMEMO 500 data logger, by Ahlborn, features simultaneous multiuser access via Wi-Fi and tablet control. Users will be able to configure the device via an 8″ tablet with a preinstalled app. A variety of sensor types can be attached to the device due to its galvanically isolated and independent measuring input sockets. The standard version provides 20 measuring input sockets and is capable of synchronously measuring up to 4000 measuring operations/s. The measured values can be displayed as single measurement values, value lists, freely configurable displays or as a line graph. Historical measurement sequences saved on the measurement data storage can be loaded offline as well as during measurement operations. Measurement data is either exported via the program WinControl or via Excel. The device features 3 GB data memory, which allows for up to 600 million measured values, and can be powered by either mains or battery. Bestech Australia Pty Ltd www.bestech.com.au
50 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Legislation, governance, programs and industry links
What: Ozwater’17 When: 16–18 May
The Australian Water Association’s international
Where: International Convention
water conference and trade exhibition, Ozwater,
will be held from 16–18 May at ICC Sydney.
The event will see water professionals, students, scientists, researchers and policy- and decision-makers from across Australia and In particular, the conference will be fo-
novation Pavilion — a space for inventors,
cusing on the theme ‘Embracing innovation
creators, builders and makers to showcase
The event’s conference program will
and disruption for a smart water future’,
products and services that are advancing the
include more than 150 sessions over eight
encouraging the belief that change, disruption
goals of sustainable water usage for future
streams, bringing together the who’s who in
and innovation are the keys to a resilient and
generations. There will also be an extensive
water to discuss the important topics facing
a smart water future. The event will provide
social program, enabling attendees to meet
the water industry and provide a platform
the opportunity to explore what this exciting
with their peers. A networking evening will
to exchange strategies and ideas in a public
future looks like for the water sector through
be held on 15 May, prior to the main confer-
forum. Keynote speakers announced so far
technical papers, case studies, interactive
ence program, while Happy Hour at the Club
include: Lucy Turnbull AO, Chief Commissioner,
workshops and Q&A panels.
House will enable guests to unwind at the end
internationally unite to usher in a new dawn for Australia’s water security.
Greater Sydney Commission; Dr Sander Klous,
The trade exhibition will feature a large
of the first day. The highlight of the program
Partner-in-Charge Data & Analytics, KPMG;
display of the latest water industry science,
will be the Gala Dinner and AWA Australian
Dan Gregory, Founder and CEO, The Impos-
innovation, technology, products and services
Water Awards, held on 17 May — a celebratory
sible Institute; and Jane Huxley, Managing
for all water professionals and associated
event that allows guests to recognise industry
Director, Australia and New Zealand, Pandora.
industries. New to the exhibition is the In-
excellence while enjoying a three-course meal.
Solar Energy Exhibition and Conference’17 What: Solar Energy Exhibition and Conference 2017 When: 3 and 4 May 2017 Where: Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre Web: www.solar.org.au Applied Energy Storage hot topics include: technology breakPresented by the Australian Solar Council and the Australian Energy
throughs, smart energy business models, energy storage, real-world
Storage Council, the Solar Energy Exhibition and Conference is
data, battery testing performance results, microgrids and fringe-of-
being held on 3 and 4 May in Melbourne.
grids, Internet of Things and big data, making commercial solar and
The Australian Solar Council Chief Executive John Grimes said:
energy storage work, and energy management ‘bringing it all together’.
“The Solar and Energy Storage Show presents a great opportunity
Policy and Market hot topics include: state and federal govern-
for delegates to expand their network, meet key industry decision-
ment policy, unlocking project finance, large-scale solar and storage,
makers and find new clients. Because we are industry insiders, we
energy market reform and global developments.
bring together the very best conference presenters. We know what
A range of over 100+ expert speakers will educate and inform
is topical, engaging and useful for our delegates. We are committed
about every aspect of the exciting changes underway. Among
to the best solar installer professional development training available
the invited guest speakers are Josh Frydenberg, Mark Butler,
anywhere in the world.”
Lily D’Ambrosio, John Hewson, Simon Corbell, Mike Cleary, Ivor
The rapidly emerging storage sector is universally described
Frischknecht, Christine Milne and Mark Bailey.
as a game changer, a smart, dynamic and disruptive force. It has
Complementing the conference is the industry exhibition that
attracted innovators, entrepreneurs and thought leaders keen to
features the latest, and arguably the smartest, solar and energy
take part in the clean-energy revolution, many of whom will be
storage products and services from Australia and overseas.
seen and heard on the podium at the conference. There will be
The event is suitable for battery and panel manufacturers,
three free conference streams: Applied Energy Storage, Policy and
inverter innovators, commercial and residential PV installers, large-
Market, and Professional Development. The conference is designed
scale developers, technicians, trainers, trading certificate agencies,
to present the latest in technology, policy, projects, regulations,
policymakers, bureaucrats, builders, architects, consultants, aca-
industry analysis, forecasts and project financing.
demics and more.
Apr/May 2017 - Sustainability Matters 51
Trust in the circular economy
n the Feb/March issue of
lution limits would not be exceeded locally?
is where this high-mineral, high-salt water
Sustainability Matters maga-
Back to the island of Samsø. Inhabitants
largely comes from. Clear results of LCA and
zine, Mike Ritchie made a
took some convincing, but now many of
risk evaluations for a range of water treatment
strong case for the circular
them own shares in windmills or produce
and storage alternatives were dismissed as
economy and the need for
straw for the new district heating system.
‘excessive’ calculations. Again, trust in the
government intervention to achieve it. There
Apparently, no-one reports being affected by
process was clearly lacking.
is also a need for ‘soft power’ in driving the
noise pollution or loss of visual amenity due
Indeed, too often the results of LCA, or air
circular economy. As Søren Hermansen, from
to the windmills. The message in this is not
quality or any other evidence-based modelling,
renewable energy island Samsø, in Denmark,
that nimbys (not in my back yard thinkers)
are not communicated appropriately to the
highlighted during a forum at the Australian
are just imagining things, but that people’s
wider public. Such communication requires
National University in February — trust is
perspectives on changes are by definition
a highly tailor-made approach. People will
a very important factor in getting people to
subjective and thus influenced by other
feel either like they can’t see the forest for
opt into change.
factors. Trust is essential for a successful
the trees, when only a fully detailed, techni-
move towards a circular economy.
cal report is published, or that they are not
A case in point is the current debate surrounding a plastics-to-fuel recycling plant proposed to be located in Hume, right on the border of ACT and NSW. Even if one might like to phase out fossil fuels in the long term, at this point in time the proposal embodies circular economy thinking.
The question is how to build trust in this
getting the full story when the numbers are
post-truth era. Facts and figures are still
kept hidden from the public. Either way, they
necessary, but it is not sufficient to just
will feel bamboozled. This creates an atmos-
All relevant effects, positive and negative, local and global, should be quantified as much as possible to get the full picture.
Alas, there is not a single economic activity that does not cause so-called external damages. In cost-benefit assessments, however, traditional economic factors always seem to get more weight, as also argued by Mike Ritchie. This has put local residents on guard, because they feel that their loss from, say, noise or air pollution is not taken fully into account. There is no trust that the process is fair. When it comes to recycling activities, a good number of societal costs and benefits are in the same domain, which means we can weigh them up more easily. Increased energy use and emissions on location will lead to a reduction of resource extraction, energy use and pollution elsewhere. That
generate them. They need to be communicated
phere where emotions take over, leading to
in an integrated, transparent and targeted
sometimes paradoxical stances. Paradoxical
manner. If only the negative, local effects are
in the sense that groups with clear concern
fully quantified in an environmental impact
for the environment end up arguing against
statement, it is only natural that they get all
initiatives that may well align with their own
the attention. All relevant effects, positive
objectives. By presenting arguments such as
and negative, local and global, should be
“other states will be dumping plastic waste in
quantified as much as possible to get the
the ACT” they are also bamboozling people.
full picture. And once such an evaluation
All parties can do more to present factual
is made, it shouldn’t be expected that the
arguments to steer debates away from a
numbers speak for themselves.
‘yes it is, no it isn’t’ stalemate. Transparent
In a recent case in the Netherlands, a
and considered communication between all
community group opposed the practice of
stakeholders will be key to building trust and
storing fossil-oil-production wastewater in
ultimately achieving our common, circular
underground reservoirs, even though this
should be the idea, at least. Life cycle assessment (LCA) provides a well-established and internationally recognised framework to assess those trade-offs between local and regional or even global effects. Would the people of the ACT be willing to accept some additional emissions if they trusted the activity would prevent considerably more pollution in, for example,
Maartje Sevenster is director of consultancy Sevenster Environmental, which aims to contribute to sustainable development of society as a whole by enabling customers as well as consumers to make environmentally wise decisions. She has 15 years of experience in environmental consultancy, specialising in life-cycle oriented policy and strategy advice for clients in all sectors, such as the ACT Government, ASICS Corporate, Greenpeace International and Friends of the Earth. She is a board member of the Australian LCA society (ALCAS).
the Middle East, and they trusted that air pol-
52 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
Thinking differently: Renewable gas from household waste Ben Jeffreys, CEO of ATEC Biodigesters
here’s no escaping talk about
(including wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal
the energy crisis facing Aus-
and dung) according to the World Health
tralia at the moment. Watch-
Organisation. Inefficient cooking fuels/tech-
ing on as an Australian living
nologies produce high levels of kitchen air
in Cambodia, it’s baffling as
pollution, which causes debilitating health
to why renewable energy in Cambodia is
effects not dissimilar to smoking cigarettes.
so straightforward yet seems anything but
The strain placed on households using
these traditional cooking methods is very real, resulting in:
I spend a lot of time in rural Cambodia talking to farmers and it always surprises me when they talk about climate change. The surprise isn’t because they bring it up, but how clearly they understand how
• 1.5 days each month spent collecting
But the benefits aren’t limited to Cambodia. We see that we’re only at the start of using waste on a global scale, or as we cheekily refer to it, the Brown Revolution! We know
wood; • 3 hours a day spent on chopping wood and preparing the cook stove; • a reduction in household expenses with
there’s a significant untapped market for international use of ATEC biodigesters, both in areas that are similar to Cambodia’s rural
climate change will directly affect their livelihoods. For Cambodians, they also see
... we’re only at the start of using waste on a
simple solutions, such as using resources
global scale, or as we cheekily refer to it, the
they have readily available to generate their
energy needs. One such solution is the one we work with at our social enterprise, ATEC Biodigesters. A biodigester is a simple technology
bottled gas costing Cambodians $274 per
landscape, as well as in developed countries
that transforms animal manure and kitchen
year on average.
using kitchen and backyard green waste.
waste into renewable biogas for cooking and
Further to the health and income ef-
In Australia, we’re literally throwing away
fertiliser for farming. We sell and distribute
fects, these traditional cooking methods
highly valuable organic waste that could
these system to farmers across the country.
also translate to environmental degradation.
be used in the household, both for gas
It is a simple technology, but often, the
In Cambodia’s case, wood comes from
for cooking and fertiliser for your veggie
hardest things to get right are the simple
unsustainable, illegal logging, including
patch or garden.
for domestic cooking use. This places
That ATEC can support thousands of
It started almost 7 years ago with Engi-
a significant amount of pressure on its
Cambodians and even talk about a global
neers Without Borders and Live and Learn
forests — Cambodia has the third highest
waste revolution is thanks to Australian
working together, with vital assistance from
deforestation rate in the world.
Aid. Support going back many years in the technology design phase helped ATEC get
Australian Aid. These two Aussie NGOs
With this simple technology, Cambodians
worked hand in hand with local communities
can improve their health, their livelihoods
to where it is today.
to determine how to better address their
and support the local ecosystem on which
energy and farming needs. This is how we
Australian Aid www.australianaid.org
created the first biodigester that was truly designed to Cambodian conditions. While the gas and fertiliser are obvious benefits, more importantly, we’ve seen the incredible impact biodigesters are having in helping Cambodians to transform their lives. In Cambodia, cooking with wood kills more people than traffic accidents each year and globally, it kills more people than malaria. Reality is, cooking with wood is a common occurrence for people living in struggling communities — around 3 billion people still cook and heat their homes using solid fuels
54 Sustainability Matters - Apr/May 2017
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NOV/DEC 2015 Vol.4 No.5
CLEARING THINGS UP PP100008830
we talk pool cleaning systems
TURNING UP THE HEAT saving money in aquatic centres
It’s lIke havIng a 360° vIew of your sample.
Only the new TU5 Series Lab & Process Turbidimeters with 360°x90° Detection deliver unprecedented confidence that a change in your reading is a change in your water. See for yourself at hachtu5.com
the next standard in the evolution of turbidity.
Sustainability Matters is a bi-monthly magazine showcasing the latest products, technology and sustainable solutions for industry, governmen...
Published on Mar 30, 2017
Sustainability Matters is a bi-monthly magazine showcasing the latest products, technology and sustainable solutions for industry, governmen...