PowerStruxure removes the guesswork from your energy business decisions Now you can turn the uncertainty of your Power energy expenditures into a controllable, Tested, validated and documented Every solution is tested and approved by manageable cost. certified internal labs and documented by our Manage the delicate balance between efficiency and productivity Business runs on electricity. It’s not as simple as it sounds. Power-sensitive processes require high availability and reliability, but this can raise costs and jeopardise profits. Unplanned outages, emissions regulations and energy price volatility add more complexity. Solutions must unite the entire enterprise and solve the energy challenge.
PowerStruxure exceeds traditional power management Building on our years of innovation in electrical distribution, PowerStruxure is an advanced family of integrated solutions that allow you to monitor, analyse, and control your entire power distribution network and act quickly to make effective decisions. As part of our EcoStruxureTM offer that delivers optimised systems across your enterprise to bring up to 30% energy savings, PowerStruxure brings clarity to your power networks to help you improve reliability and save money.
Services that leverage and protect your investment Our worldwide network of energy experts and full range of services answers your needs throughout your installation lifecycle, from audits and system diagnostics through installation and maintenance.
Find out the six steps for establishing performance metrics to support your energy management plan. Download our FREE White Paper ‘Measured success‘.
Leading power monitoring and control software
Our StruxureWareTM suite includes power management systems designed to stay on top of real-time conditions, and control loads.
Communication devices and protocols
At the heart of your solution, devices and protocols link the software with your power network hardware.
A wide range of products including intelligent metering devices, switchgear, circuit-breakers, protection relays and power factor correction equipment.
Visit www.SEreply.com key code 52752K © 2012 Schneider Electric. All Rights Reserved. Schneider Electric and Make the most of your energy are trademarks owned by Schneider Electric Industries SAS or its affiliated companies. www.schneider-electric.com.au
ELECTRICAL SOLUTIONS SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2012
ON THE COVER
How green is your data centre?
Lots of new products to spark the interest of the industrial electrical world
O’Donnell Griffin’s LV installation for Melbourne Water
Trends in fibre and copper cable termination
Changes to PV arrays installation standard
Westfield deploys energy-efficient lighting solution
Improving power quality at mine sites
differences can be measured, creating
In my opinion
The testo 875i allows easy detection of
The testo 875i thermal imager offers thermal sensitivity (NETD) of <50 mK and image quality of 160 x 120 pixels. The image quality can even be increased to 320 x 240 pixels with testo’s patented SuperResolution technology. Along with this, the 875i series comes with standard image refresh rate of 33 Hz. With the testo 875i, even the slightest temperature outstanding image quality. problem spots on site. The thermal images can then be quickly analysed on the large 3.5″ display. Critical temperatures and hot-cold spots are directly shown in the display. Spoken comments on the respective measurement can be recorded using the headset. Other features include a built-in laser pointer, automatic recording of a digital real image and professional analysis software. The automatic storage of the digital image also allows inspection routes with several similar measurement objects to be worked through and analysed. The handling and operation of the imager as well as the PC software offer a
NOW in DIGITAL!
number of possibilities: from one-hand op-
Your copy of Electrical Solutions is now available as an online eMag.
possibility of using exchangeable lenses,
http://www.electricalsolutions.net.au/latest_issues This month’s eMag is proudly sponsored by
eration, speed button programming and the up to image overlay of
real and thermal images (TwinPix). Testo Pty Ltd www.testo.com.au
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© iStockphoto.com/ Rich Seymour
HOW GREEN IS YOUR DATA CENTRE? Mark Deguara, Senior Manager Technical Services Australia & New Zealand, Emerson Network Power
© iStockphoto.com/ Baris Simsek
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Rising power costs, a new energy rating system and the tax on emissions are forcing data centre operators to make energy management a key priority. An electrical contractor can play a key role in this area by helping data centre managers review, control and monitor energy usage.
lectrical consultants are privy to a broad scope of functions for their customers. From managing small-scale electrical circuits to designing and deploying multisite data centres, the consultant’s role is critical to customers’ operational success. In Australia, one of the central themes evolving over the past decade of rapid infrastructure growth is efficiency. This has been manifest in different forms over the years, from improving efficiency to reducing cost, to managing efficiency to improving availability and now, in its most recent guise, improving efficiency to manage carbon emissions. The industry is on the frontline of carbon trading schemes and carbon ‘taxes’, not only in Australia but around the world. As governments continue to explore and implement carbon emissions standards and carbon reduction commitments, many companies will be required to participate in auction-based carbon emissions trading schemes that are designed to provide economic and reputational incentives for achieving reductions in emissions. Often these schemes take the form of a selective industry tax, as is the case with Australia’s recently implemented carbon tax. But regardless of how it’s implemented, managing carbon emissions has become a major cost factor for numerous large industries. In many cases, those companies that do not reduce emissions could face financial penalties in the form of emissions credits they will need to purchase. They could even have their performance published in an annual league table in relation to other scheme participants. Contractors play a very particular role that can have a significant impact on customers’ abilities to mitigate the effects of a trading scheme or carbon tax, without compromising availability of performance.
Sizing up the challenge Often the first step in managing change of this scale is: understanding the scale. If we don’t know what we’re dealing with, it’s very difficult to manage it effectively. In broad brushstrokes, Australia’s carbon tax has committed the government - and by extension organisations operating in Australia - to reduce carbon emissions 5% below 2000 levels in 2020, regardless of what other countries do, and preferably by up to 15 or 25%, depending on the scale of global action. These targets will require cutting expected emissions by at least 23% relative to business as usual in 2020. What this means quantitatively for individual organisations is, at this stage, unknown. What is known is that the cost of doing business is going to increase due to increases in costs of raw materials and commodities that contribute to carbon emission, such as power. Even if these costs are offset by savings in the form of tax rebates or other vehicles, the fundamental designs of our data centres in the future will need to be carefully considered in terms of their environmental impact, and public impact. That latter concept, the public impact, is worth mentioning here. We don’t work in a vacuum, and even if in the long term we discover ways to limit the ‘hit’ of a carbon tax on our customers’ bottom line, the perception of how we do business with respect to the environment could be just as important as the cost. We therefore need to know how every aspect of a data centre design - from the equipment to the critical support infrastructure - is impacting the new carbon tax ground rules. Often a simple way to understand the scale of change possible in a legacy facility is to conduct a data centre audit, which will provide a good starting point for your
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customer in understanding their current energy consumption and data centre performance. From here some basic improvement measures can be set and a range of solutions identified to optimise their data centre elements and improve energy efficiency.
What we know Data centres have traditionally been designed with extra headroom to accommodate growth, but during the last decade demand escalated so quickly that added IT capacity consumed available headroom and outpaced supply in terms of floor space and power and cooling capacity. These changes were further exacerbated by the increased focus on data centre energy consumption. With both the density and quantity of servers rising, data centre energy consumption became a significant factor in terms of IT cost management and, in some companies, response to concerns about global warming. Early efforts to reduce data centre energy consumption focused on reducing costs around cooling, which accounts for a third of energy consumption. Subsequent efforts took a more holistic approach that recognised the interdependency of data centre systems and shifted the focus to the IT systems that create the need for cooling. Today, data centres have reached a level of complexity beyond the point where we can point to one or two factors that alone would significantly impact the carbon emissions of the facility. Fortunately, we don’t have to, because technology - in the form of facility-wide management tools - gives us an eagle-eyed view over every aspect of our customers’ data centres, and specifically, the carbon output of every interdependent systems we’re managing. Of course, going from a reactive to a proactive approach to infrastructure monitoring and management requires a new type of management system that provides visibility into the data centre’s physical infrastructure within both the IT and facility domains and across these two domains. This shift gave birth to the idea of data centre infrastructure management (DCIM), a superset of infrastructure monitoring that encompasses the ability to manage the data centre’s physical infrastructure to optimise resource utilisation, efficiency and availability. By enabling management across the gap between IT and infrastructure, data centre operators have visibility into the true capacity of their IT and infrastructure systems, allowing them to manage closer to actual capacity, rather than the conservative estimates that leave some percentage of capacity unused as a buffer. More importantly, these tools help customers gain more visibility and control of their data centre. Gaining control of the infrastructure environment leads to an optimised data centre that improves availability and energy efficiency, extends equipment life, proactively manages the inventory and capacity of the IT operation, increases the effectiveness of staff and decreases the consumption of resources. And, in the frame of this discussion, contribute to the containment and reduction of carbon emissions.
An informed approach The key to achieving these performance optimisation benefits is a comprehensive infrastructure management solution that improves the visibility that a customer has of the performance of their data centre.
A data centre assessment provides insight into current conditions (read output quantities) and opportunities for improvement. After establishing that baseline, data centre infrastructure monitoring will collect power, temperature and equipment status for critical devices in the rack, row and room. Data is continuously collected to not only provide a window into equipment and facility performance, but point out trends and prevent problems wherever they may be located. For example, if an unmonitored branch power circuit operating at 80% or more of full capacity has a load blindly applied, it could cause the distribution breaker to trip, powering down that entire distribution leg. Or take the addition of blade servers to an unmonitored rack. Users could be at the thermal threshold of heat creep, unknowingly subjecting systems to potentially serious problems. Another example involves batteries, often described as the weakest link in the power chain. The best way to determine a battery’s health without discharging it is to use a monitoring system that measures the internal resistance of all of the cells in the battery, using an integrated battery monitoring service that combines state-of-the-art technology with proactive maintenance and service response. Infrastructure monitoring provides this real-time control, historical performance trending, alarm notifications and event escalations to minimise or eliminate downtime. In addition, users can manage energy consumption through thermal and power metering. Through optimisation of data centre elements and design, a comprehensive infrastructure management system can help data centre managers improve equipment utilisation, reduce server deployment times and more accurately forecast future equipment requirements, resulting in operating and capital expense reductions. Managers not only improve inventory and capacity management, but also process management, ensuring all assets are performing at optimum levels. In turn, this minimises the impact of carbon emissions per node, given that emissions are now becoming part and parcel of any efficiency calculation. Effective optimisation can provide a common window into the data centre, improving forecasts, managing supply and demand, improving levels of efficiency and availability.
Clearing the air During the data centre’s next decade, opportunities to improve efficiency, optimise performance and protect the environment will exist throughout the three cycles: design and deployment, operations, and management and planning. Data centres moving to a higher density IT space can improve efficiency and avoid compromising availability, as the higher density puts additional stress on the power and cooling infrastructure, by using the visibility and control that comes with comprehensive infrastructure management. It all starts at the design and deployment stage, where we can leverage pre-engineered solutions and high-density architectures to reduce the time, space and capital required for construction of the building. During operation, we can reduce costs by using efficient technologies and strategies while simultaneously decreasing downtime costs by employing high-availability configurations. And additional savings are possible by using infrastructure management controls to streamline operations and facilitate a comprehensive maintenance program. Ironically, the key is to look beyond carbon emissions alone when considering efficiency and to take every opportunity throughout the life cycle of the data centre to achieve efficiencies, without compromising performance. Emerson Network Power Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R121
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Door entry system The BTicino D45 door entry system simplifies installation in residential complexes. Suitable for single dwellings and installations of up to 4000 apartments, the D45 system offers cost efficiencies and innovative security functions. Based on Cat5, the main components of the D45 system include: entrance panels, indoor audio and video handsets, porter switchboard, accessories and power supply. Functions available include call, doorbell, conversation, monitor, unlock, network and alarms. It is also a monitoring system. BTicino D45 has the ability to connect alarms to handsets, which can be sent directly to the porter switchboard, SOS button and intercom between selected residences. The use of UTP cables and RJ45 connections means installation is simple for both
Male cable connector
backbone and riser devices, making it more budget-friendly than traditional cable
The TINY XLR male cable connector, from REAN
installations, particularly for large applications.
(a brand of Neutrik), is a male connector, in the
Device specification and system configuration can be undertaken using the YouDia-
style of the female cable connector (RT*FC-B), that
gram software, which is a pre-sales software, specifically designed for BTicino door
accommodates cable ODs from 2.0 to 4.5 mm. Two chucks are supplied with each connector
entry system applications. Devices include: digital entrance panels, small colour entrance panels, 7″ hands-free colour video handsets, 5.6″ hands-free colour video handsets, 4″ video and audio hand-
and is said to offer a reliable cable retention and easy assembly. RF shielding is provided by way of an inbuilt
sets, 4″ video handsets, audio handsets and 7″ LCD colour monitor porter switchboard. HPM Legrand
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q973
Amber Technology Limited Contact info and more items like this at wf.net. au/Q327
Fixed dome network cameras Axis Communications fixed dome network cameras offer good image quality, including support for wide dynamic range (WDR) with ‘dynamic capture’ and Lightfinder technology to handle very low light scenarios. Axis P3384 Network Cameras, available in indoor- and outdoor-ready models, are suitable for installations close to large windows and entrances in buildings, in tunnel passages and other areas with strong variations in light. The IP cameras are suitable for airports, train stations, government and bank buildings, and for city surveillance. Both models come in vandal-resistant casings. Axis P3384-V/-VE cameras provide HDTV 720 p/1.3 MP resolution based on a 1/3″ image sensor. All cameras in the Axis P33 Series offer a modular design with quick and easy installation capabilities, including remote zoom and pixel counter to ensure that the camera’s angle of view is optimised for the area to be monitored and the required pixel resolution. Remote focus is included to eliminate the need for manual focusing of the camera. The support for standard, environment-friendly Power over Ethernet requires only one network cable to carry both power and data, even for the weatherproof models that operate in extreme temperatures from -40 to +55°C. The efficient H.264 Main Profile option reduces bandwidth and storage needs by up to 20%. The cameras are supported through the Axis Application Development Partner Program and AXIS Camera Station and include support for AXIS Camera Application Platform, AXIS Video Hosting System and ONVIF for easy camera system integration and for application developers to provide the camera with intelligent capabilities. The cameras offer increased processing power, allowing for enhanced performance in video analytics applications. Axis Communications (S) Pte Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R299
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Big riSk Do the products you use comply? As Australia’s No.1 electrical brand, Clipsal’s greatest concern is the quality and safety of electrical products installed into people’s homes and workplaces. If you purchase or install inferior products that don’t comply with Australian Standards, you could risk your licence and hardearned reputation. You could also risk potential fines and jail terms. Most importantly, you could endanger people’s lives and their property. We design and manufacture quality products. You can be confident with the service and support you receive when you buy genuine Clipsal products from a trusted wholesaler. Don’t risk it… it’s just not worth it.
For more on how to avoid the risks, visit clipsal.com/Dontriskit
CLIPCOM24276 © 2012 Schneider Electric. All Rights Reserved.
O’Donnell Griffin’s LV installation for Melbourne Water Following 13 months of critical execution to keep complete functionality of Melbourne Water’s Western Treatment Plant that processes more than 52% of Melbourne’s waste water, engineering solutions provider O’Donnell Griffin completed the electrical works component of the wet weather upgrade project in December 2011. In August 2011, O’Donnell Griffin also secured the LV Installation Package (Northern) contract as part of Melbourne Water’s Eastern Treatment Plant Tertiary Upgrade Project. The company has already won the NECA Victoria Industrial Project - Large category for the project. “The company used specialised equipment and systems to create an outstanding plant,” said NECA. The project was a part of the plant’s $418 million transformation into one of the most sophisticated, large-scale sewage treatment facilities in the world. The transformation is being delivered by the Eastern Tertiary Alliance - a partnership between Baulderstone, UGL, Black & Veatch, KBR and Melbourne Water. Since its opening in 1975, the Eastern Treatment Plant has supported Melbourne Water’s Western Treatment Plant by treating 40% of Melbourne’s total sewage to a ‘secondary standard’ in a process that involves screening and sedimentation to remove litter, grit and sludge, followed by biological treatment and disinfection with chlorine. The current upgrade involves the construction of seven new structures, including the ozone production facility, and an addition of a third ‘advanced tertiary’ treatment stage. Tertiary treatment uses ozone - generated on-site from oxygen - to disinfect the effluent and reduce colour and odour. Biological filters then break down any organic matter and reduce contaminants such as ammonia, foam, grease and litter before more ozone is added and ultraviolet light is used to further disinfect the effluent. The project is expected to deliver significant environmental benefits by improving the quality of the plant’s discharge at Boags Rocks, on the Mornington Peninsula, and increasing the standard of recycled water produced at the plant. This project had a limited timeframe prior to commencement on-site. Upon appointment, O’Donnell Griffin was quickly required to allocate all resources and facilities to complete electrical works at the newly constructed ozone production facility. O’Donnell Griffin allocated an onsite management team, a suitable number of capable and experienced resources, and plant and equipment. It was a challenge but the company achieved it successfully. It also meant the company had to monitor its resources constantly to ensure all demands were always met with an adequate supply. O’Donnell Griffin completed the LV Installation Package (Northern) contract in April 2012 - on time, within budget and with zero lost time incidents (LTI). The scope of works required O’Donnell Griffin to supply all labour, plant, equipment, administration, consumables, supervision and verification necessary to carry out the LV Installation Package (Northern) works. Initially based on preliminary cable ladder routes, cable schedules and power/lighting layout designs, the scope was ultimately divided into two key areas - the Ozone Area and the TSPS Area. Forming part of the Ozone Area were: LV and HV switchrooms, a PLC room, UPS room and control room; a cooling water pump station - to provide cooling water for the removal of heat from the ozone and oxygen
generation process; a liquid oxygen area - to store the backup source for the ozone generation process; a pre-ozone injection area, post-ozone injection area, contractor area and ozone destruction skid - to manage all stages of ozone injection; generator room - to convert oxygen gas into a low concentration ozone mixture. The Ozone area also included variable pressure swing adsorption (VPSA) rooms 1 and 2 to serve as the primary oxygen generation equipment, purifying ambient air to produce oxygen gas and a pump room to house the cooling systems for the oxygen and ozone generation process, as well as the plant instrument air system. The TSPS Area comprised a switchroom and a PLC room, together with a primary pump station which extracted semi-treated water from the forebay and pumped the water into the tertiary filtration plant. In delivering the detailed scope of works, O’Donnell Griffin managed, installed, tested and commissioned all 400 V switchgear and associated 6.6 kV switchgear as well as PLC/communication panels, vendor-supplied control equipment, motors, local control stations, field instrumentation and communication systems. Using an extensive, pre-installed underground and in-slab conduit system, the team was principally challenged to install and test approximately 1800 associated electrical cables. This was achieved through a highly coordinated process of guiding the supplied cables to the selected location, opening pits, installing the cables and rescheduling other works to ensure continuity of work. Most instrumentation and wet racks were also installed, wired, tubed and calibrated. Additionally, the team was responsible for the installation and termination of various systems and networks, from the variable speed drives, earthing systems, distribution boards and Profibus communications network to the light and power system, and UPS and battery charger systems. Each piece underwent testing and certification prior to its installation. While the general electrical design of the project was supplied to the team, O’Donnell Griffin was instrumental in assisting to identify, recommend and resolve the best on-site installation methods. The technical elements of this project were complemented by O’Donnell Griffin’s ability to provide the essential management services necessary to successfully deliver the project requirements. The greatest difficulty encountered by O’Donnell Griffin was the scheduling of works, as is typical of a large-scale, multidisciplinary project. The team was required to continually maintain suitable manning levels to achieve measured milestones. The company’s customer held management meetings on a weekly basis to ensure a constant flow of information was achieved with all stakeholders. Combined with two-week forecasts and a detailed project timeline, the regular communication ensured no unscheduled electrical and mechanical service interruptions occurred on-site throughout the entire seven months of installation works. O'Donnell Griffin Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R144
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Distribution board design service NHP Concept Express is the combination of NHP Drawing Express, a software tool that enables the user to design a distribution board from a website and a manufacturing line that employs a direct connection to the software tool and uses lean manufacturing methodology. It is claimed to reduce the average lead time of order to delivery for a distribution board from 20 working days to 48 hours. With NHP Concept Express, an NHP staff member designs the distribution board for their customer via a website by indicating all of the components that are required and how they are to be connected. Drawings include General Arrangement, Schematic and Bill of Material details. Within minutes of completing the process, made easier by a user-friendly interface and an easy-to-follow, step-by-step process, an automatic drawing is generated and sent directly to the NHP staff member via email, which can then be forwarded on to the customer. With the click of a button, this drawing can be turned into a manufacturing order by sending the information directly to the manufacturing line. The distribution board can be manufactured within 48 h. The NHP Concept Express tool is also compatible for use via a tablet device which delivers the same result and also provides an ‘on-demand’ drawing that can be viewed on the particular device. NHP Electrical Engineering Products Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R056
Easier Safer Faster
onekonekt residential range of modular devices Hagers onekonekt system offers one of the most versatile & flexible solutions to residential electricians on the market today. The use of busbar in our industry is not a new concept. However, providing a full range of residential protection devices that connect to the same busbar, increasing safety, reducing installation time, improving technical characteristics and aesthetics within one system, definitely is.
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LED light bulbs The myAmbiance and myVision ranges of Philips LED light bulbs are claimed to be able to save up to 80% energy and can be used in existing light sockets. The LED bulbs offer significant energy savings compared to traditional soft-tone or halogen bulbs. The ranges will fit into most existing lamp sockets and light fittings and can also be used for a range of lighting applications in homes, such as chandeliers and table lamps. The myAmbiance range lasts up to 25,000 h and the entry-level myVision range up to 15,000 h. The myAmbiance Spots are available in three wattage variations: the low-voltage 4 W MR16 with a light output similar to a 20 W MR16 LV halogen bulb, the low-voltage 6.5 W MR16 with a light output similar to a 35 W MR16 LV halogen bulb, and the mains voltage 5 W GU10 with a light output similar to a 50 W GU10 halogen bulb. The myAmbiance Candle bulb, suitable for chandeliers, is available in a warm-white light with a small Edison screw base. This lamp has
Smoke and heat alarms
a power consumption level of 4 W, but emits a light output similar
The latest-generation Brooks 600 series Smoke and
to a standard 25 W incandescent candle bulb.
Heat alarms employ a number of features to improve
The myVision range is available in ‘warm white’ and ‘cool day-
detection, early warning and reliability.
light’ light colours. The warm white range is available in a choice
The alarms include a large (50 mm in diameter)
of two different wattage variations with power consumption levels of
positive action test/hush button, a low-battery signal
6 and 9.5 W, emitting light output similar to standard 40 and 60 W
light and a quick-fixing lockable anti-removal mounting
incandescent bulbs respectively. For the ‘cool daylight’ range, the
bracket. Wired or wireless interconnection can be mixed
LED light bulbs are available in a choice of two different wattage
and matched and the 10-year long-life lithium models
variations. At power consumption levels of 6 and 9 W, the LED light
include a tamper-proof sealed battery compartment.
bulbs emit light output similar to standard 40 and 60 W incandes-
The devices auto reset after smoke and contain an
cent bulbs respectively.
optical chamber, insect screen and a solder-connected
Philips Lighting Pty Ltd
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R315
Brooks Electrical Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R308
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Weatherproof light-sensitive switch The weatherproof Soliroc Light Sensitive Switch from Legrand is designed for installation into outdoor and exposed locations such as gardens, car parks, camp sites and patios. Featuring IP55 and IK10 impactresistance ratings, the switch can withstand cleaning agents and salt exposure, making it particularly suitable for exterior urban areas subject to vandalism, as well as coastal locations. The Soliroc Light Sensitive Switch is used to turn a lighting circuit on or off according to ambient light conditions, such as nightfall or daybreak. It features a luminosity threshold of 0.5 to 1500 lux and will carry a maximum of 1400 W of incandescent or halogen lamps and fluorescent loads up to 400 VA. Easy to install, the switch is assembled with the Batibox mounting box (77890, 81941A, 80151 or 80051), support frame 80251 and cover plate 77851. Also from Legrand and the latest addition to the Excel Life range, Liquid Gloss coverplates are for use in domestic, hospitality and retail projects. Available in Ice, Malt and Diesel featuring a high-gloss finish, coverplates are available for all switches and sockets in the Excel Life Dedicated Plate series. HPM Legrand Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R183
CMS Electracom’s New Titan Floorbox Bringing you modular solutions for your power, data and AV requirements
Titan floorbox The hard wearing, high impact CMS Titan Floorbox has been designed for maximum flexibility, incorporating power and specific brands of data and audio visual components to suit client requirements. Key features: — For concrete or computer access floor applications — Large bending radius capacity — Compatible for AV brands Extron or Kramer — Links to CMS ‘Executive’ meeting table box range TITAN FLOORBOX OPENED ACCESS FLOOR OPTION
TITAN FLOORBOX & ACCESSORIES CONCRETE SLAB OPTION – SCREED BOX SHOWN
— Available in 2, 3 & 4 compartment configurations — Screed box available
For more information on our latest innovative solutions, contact our friendly sales team.
Australia 1300 159 159 New Zealand +64 (9) 582 0776
United Kingdom +44 (0) 203 356 9709 Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Wiring + Power Solutions
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TRENDS IN FIBRE AND COPPER CABLE TERMINATION In the contractor world, the termination process is probably the most important aspect of network installation. In this article, Mark Putica* explains different termination and installation procedures and elucidates the pros, cons and trends in cable termination to help you make the right decision.
ithout the right tools and knowledgeable staff, the installation process can be a total disaster and can drastically prolong the project completion and handover to the end user. In addition, by using outdated installation and termination procedures on today’s bandwidthhungry networks, the installer can be drastically slowed down and ultimately add significant cost to the overall process. So what are the most efficient termination methods? This would be easier to understand by looking at the most commonly used technologies and tools on offer to contractors.
Fibre installation For years, installers in the Australian and New Zealand telecommunications industry have been using epoxy and polish technology for fibre installation procedures. This incorporates glueing of fibre into the connector with epoxy and polishing the end with a special polishing film. It is a good long-standing process with lowest costs, especially if a lot of connectors are being installed. However, it’s a slow process and may even need to set overnight. Overall, it is not as high-quality a termination process as fusion splicing. The other, most commonly used method is fusion splicing. It is a process of fusing or welding two fibres together, usually by an electric arc. While it is the most expensive prepolished cable and connector termination method, it is not as convenient because it requires power and can be challenging for installers depending on the job location. The advantages of this method include lower loss, least reflectance, and strong and reliable joints between fibres. Just about all singlemode splices are
fusion. Multimode fibres can be challenging to fusion splice as the larger core with many layers of glass that produces the graded-index profile are sometimes harder to match up, especially with fibres from different types or manufacturers. Several different types of terminations are available for multimode fibres. Each version has its advantages and disadvantages, so learning more about how each method works helps decide which one to use and when. With the current key requirements of termination process being speed, quality of terminations and of course the cost of tooling, TE Connectivity has developed a quick termination technology program (QTTP) for installers. This technology program provides the installer with the right tools to perform by far the quickest and consistent fibre, UTP/STP copper and cable installations. LightCrimp Plus is a simple mechanical process to terminate optical fibres for premises cabling and fibre-to-the-desk applications. With LightCrimp Plus, fibres can be terminated without epoxy, polishing papers, ovens, UV lamps or electrical power for field termination tooling. As enhanced services such as 10, 40 and 100 Gbps ethernet require a high-quality controlled end face, the epoxy and polish technology will not be sufficient in future. The IEC 60874-19-1 standard specifies the dimensional details of fibre-optic connectors in order to ensure interoperability and performance within an ISO 11801 specified application. These dimensional requirements are directly related to the end-face characteristics of a polished ferrule, namely its radius, dome offset and fibre position. If these ferrule characteristics are optimal, an optimised physical contact (OPC) between two connectors is
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ÂŠ iStockphoto.com/ Eneri LLC
guaranteed. This will enhance data transmission parameters like optical performance, attenuation, return loss and data link stability. Also, the optical interoperability between connectors of different suppliers can be ensured by controlled end-faces. As a result of OPC, a stable physical contact between the end-faces is achieved. This provides a very low insertion loss as well as a high return loss in order to run high-speed applications like 10, 40, 100 gigabit ethernet.
Copper installation Copper is still the preferred medium in most parts of IT networks and the number one interface on devices such as personal computers, notebooks, IP devices, switches and servers. As an installer, we can also say we are lucky that copper termination and installation is far easier than fibre. Connecting cables to patch panels, traditional push-down blocks or commonly to the jacks may prove to be time consuming when using tools such as knives, cutters or scissors. In contrast to fibre installations, there is one most commonly used tool in copper installations - a punch-down tool or, as many installers refer to it, a krone tool, which can be used to terminate cross-connect jumpers and cable runs at patch panels, disconnect modules and 110 blocks. This mechanical handheld tool is simple to use and can effectively and speedily cut through wires. It has a strong handle that allows firm gripping during punch-down movement. Once the wires are stripped off from the insulating and protective casing by the installers, they are placed on patch panels or push-down blocks, and the tool is then positioned on top of the wires and pushed to set the wires in place. A similar procedure is followed
for termination of jacks. This punch-down technology has been working well for years but is becoming outdated as technology advancements in termination tooling emerge. New UTP termination methods take the existing krone punchdown tool and put it in the form of multipair (4 pairs at once) termination technology. It simultaneously terminates and trims all four pairs of conductors in one effortless action. This allows the installer to be faster - resulting in on-site job efficiency. Furthermore, you can rest assured all four pairs have been terminated with consistent quality and accuracy. One example of such technology is the MultiMate tool. Shielded termination is a little more complex and time consuming if the right tool is not used. With the stringent requirements for 10 and 40 Gbps, careful attention needs to be paid when terminating shielded cable. Many untrained installers who are in a rush to complete a job still terminate the cable incorrectly. The most common method of terminating the shielded cable is by using a punch-down tool. If you or the end user is going to the effort of installing a superior cable solution, then you really have to make sure the terminations are done carefully and there is no interference at the jack level. An SL Tool is available on the market for quick shielded terminations. Three factors can contribute to most installation inconsistencies: lacing the conductors, maintaining pair twists to satisfy standards and producing consistent terminations. The SL Tool comes with a belt holster and an integrated jacket stripper to cut and remove the cable jacketing and foil/screen. This means there is no need to put the tool down and reach for another, thus increasing the time a technician can spend on the actual termination even further.
Cable installation This is one aspect of network deployment which seems to have been forgotten by manufacturers and no development has been made to simplify this process for installers. Most of the installation contractors use cable which comes in traditional cardboard reel boxes of some sort. However, a newly launched cable reel, ReelSpeed, specifically created to provide contractors with an easy and efficient method of cable installation, is available. The Australian-designed ReelSpeed is manufactured with six interlocking pieces that fit together without mechanical fasteners or adhesives and is produced from polypropylene and glass fibre. *Mark Putica, Regional Marketing and Communications Manager for Australia and New Zealand, TE Connectivity. Putica has been a significant termination technology market driver for a number of years now and has extensive experience in installer programs and over seven years of dedicated office networks and data centre infrastructure marketing programs. TE Connectivity Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R221
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Intrinsically safe digital multimeter The Fluke 28 II Ex DMM is an intrinsically safe digital multimeter for measurements both inside and outside of hazardous, potentially explosive areas. With multiple measurement capabilities, it eliminates the need to carry multiple meters for different areas and removes the safety problems associated with crossing through an intrinsically safe-required zone with a non-IS instrument. The 28 II Ex meets intrinsic safety (IS) standards worldwide (ATEX, IEC Ex, ETL and GOST) for safe use inside potentially explosive environments, making it suitable for use in petroleum, chemical and pharmaceutical facilities. It is currently undergoing Australian certification for coal mining. It has been approved by the NSW mining regulator for purchase and use and is in the process of certification for Qld. It is drop-proof up to 3 m with a totally sealed, IP67-rated case for protection against dust and water. It can withstand hazardous 8000 V spikes caused by load switching and faults on industrial circuits. It features a high-resolution 20,000-count display and true-rms AC voltage and current for accurate measurement on nonlinear signals. It measures up to 1000 V and 10 A AC and DC and its low-pass filter ensures accurate voltage and frequency measurements on variable speed motor drives. The built-in thermometer function measures temperature from -200 to 1090°C. Backlit keypad buttons, large display digits and a two-level bright white background for visibility make it easy to use when wearing full personal protective equipment. The battery lasts up to 800 h and the separate battery compartment makes it easy to change batteries or fuses on the job without jeopardising the meter’s IS or IP ratings or sending the unit for servicing. The 28 II Ex comes with TL175 test leads, AC72 alligator clips, red holster, 9 V battery (installed) and manuals. An optional magnetic hanger is available for easy, hands-free set-up and viewing. Fluke Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q239
Decouples, monitors and controls
QUINT ORING Active redundancy module for maximum system availability Monitoring with the QUINT ORING: • Output voltage of the power supplies • Wiring up to the redundancy module • Decoupling section • Load current ACB technology doubles the service life of your redundant power supply units. Call us today: 1300 786 411 or visit phoenixcontact.com.au
© PHOENIX CONTACT 2012
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Bolted hose and cable brackets Swift Metal Services has expanded its range of cable and hose brackets and components with relocatable, bolted hanging brackets for hose, pneumatic lines and cables. Swift bolted hose and cable hangers are suitable for trades personnel using electrical, pneumatic or hydraulic equipment, where having leads, hoses or lines on the ground can present a trip hazard. The hangers hold up to 25 kg in the vertical plane and are suitable for permanent and temporary installation. The adjustable HDPE strap is designed to support various quantities and sizes of hoses, cables and pneumatic lines. Australian designed and produced, the hangers are also suitable in workshop applications where large projects or machinery necessitates the use of long leads or hoses. SWIFT Metal Services Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R060
Data centre cable The preterminated R&M AWG26 data centre cable with double or foil sheath is claimed to provide up to 30% savings in volume and weight, improved airflow circulation, less material cost due to less copper content and support for short links (eliminate extra cable lengths). The cable achieves good margins when installed as part of an R&M Cat.6A ISO 4-connector channel or permanent link, exceeding the IEEE 802.3an minimum requirements for 10GBase-T performance, as well as the requirements for Class EA performance according to ISO/IEC 11801 ed. 2.2, 2011, and Cat.6A performance according to TIA/EIA 568-C.2. Reichle & De-Massari Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R362
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Multifunction energy measurement meter The Diris multifunction energy measurement meter from IPD Industrial Products is tailored to the requirements of commercial and industrial energy measurement and management. Energy measurement is the key link when planning and operating an efficient energy network. The Diris multifunction meter offers a universal solution for energy measurement, monitoring and management of energy consumption. The meter can record and analyse network anomalies to improve
Enclosure for small to medium data centres
energy efficiency by monitoring all loads in an electrical system, which can lead to financial savings. A range of plug-in modules can be added to the rear of
Eaton Corporation has extended its range
the device at any time, adding functions such as ethernet
of racks designed for data centre environ-
and RS485 JBUS/MODBUS communications. The DIRIS
ments with the Eaton E Series enclosure.
A40 offers analysis of harmonics up to row 63. An optional
The E Series offers a rugged, durable
temperature module allows measurement of internal tem-
platform with good value for network,
perature and the possibility to connect up to three external
server and telecommunications applications.
Vendor neutral and guaranteed by Eaton to accom-
The Vertelis Vision communication software allows connectivity anywhere to manage lighting, heating and other utilities in the building, either on site or over the internet.
modate all TIA/EIA 310-D equipment, the E Series enclosure is suitable for small to medium data centres. Its lightweight but sturdy bolted design provides a generous
IPD Group Limited
static and dynamic weight capacity. Eaton claims it exceeds major
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R093
IT equipment air-flow requirements, offering 71% air flow. The enclosure has depth-adjustable 19″ vertical mounting rails in 6.35 mm increments and quick-release and field-reversible doors.
A NEW VISION by
Two-piece lockable side panels provide easy access to the interior. The E Series is available in flat pack for convenient delivery. Eaton Industries Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R090
Pressure-independent balancing and control valve Devex Systems is distributing the ABQM Pressure Independent Balancing and Control Valve (PIBCV), a high-efficiency balancing solution for heating and cooling systems, manufactured by Danfoss. Without pressure-independent technology, it can be challenging to maintain the balance of an HVAC system, but the PIBCV’s technology has simplified the process by combining a Helixon™ helical products
High temperature conductors
compact automatic balancing valve and a pressure-independent
Toughened glass, porcelain & composite insulators
control valve in one valve structure. The company claims this
Distribution & transmission line hardware
well as energy savings.
Conductor sag measuring devices
tem heating and cooling equipment efficiency. It can be used
Heatshrink termination kits Fault indicators Cable height meters Corona cameras
www.dulhuntypower.com Australia 35 Waterloo Rd North Ryde, NSW Tel: +61 2 9870 7277 email@example.com
New Zealand Unit 1/49 Rawhiti Rd Manly Village, Auckland Tel: +64 9 424 7295 firstname.lastname@example.org
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results in superior temperature control and performance, as The valve reduces system pumping costs and improves sysin retrofit as well as new construction projects and is suitable for controlling terminal units such as fan coils, chilled ceilings and air handling units. Devex Systems Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q976
LED emergency light The Clevertronics L10 Lifelight Pro is a purpose-built, non-maintained LED emergency light specially designed using the latest in LED, electronics and lithium battery technology to reduce the energy consumption to less than 0.9 W. The Clevertronics L10 range of emergency and exit lighting with lithium battery technology claims to deliver: twice the battery life and twice the maintenance-free period (designed for 10-year maintenance intervals, compared to the four to five years current best practice); the first truly sustainable emergency lighting - batteries containing no toxic heavy metals or carcinogens. The L10 lithium option is available for most Clevertronics emergency lighting products. Clevertronics Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q769
Angled Cat6a patchcords Warren & Brown Telegartner Cat6a patchcords are suitable for use where connections are required in tight spaces, such as in a rack or an office. The patchcords are available in a range of colours including grey, green, red, blue, yellow, black and white. The fully moulded and angled connector reduces stress on the cable and relieves excessive bending, which can lead to signal loss. The patchcords are suitable for switches and patch panels in networking racks or behind desks and wall connections. The patchcords are fully shielded and meet or exceed Cat6a specifications, making them suitable for any network and for data rates up to 10 Gbps. The range includes on 90 or 270° angled connector and one 180° straight connector. Patchcords can make neater desktop equipment connections. Warren & Brown Technologies Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q890
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Enclosures and consoles catalogue MFB has released its 11th edition catalogue. The company says the 90-page publication is its most comprehensive catalogue yet and covers its full range of updated enclosures and consoles plus the increased products in its range. The catalogue contains products such as: cold aisle containment systems, the MFB Sentinel range of vertical format IP addressable power boards and the InfraSolution IP addressable lock system. In the catalogue, MFB also announces the release of its portable notebook trolley, which offers storage as well as power access contained in the unit. MFB Products Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q999
Power track system Legrand has secured the exclusive Australian and New Zealand distribution rights for a track-based power system, Mainline. It’s a busbar system that once connected to a power supply creates a circuit around a room, allowing access to power at any point along its length. Once the Mainline track has been installed, 240 V sockets can simply and safely be added, removed or repositioned as needed. The system can be easily integrated into all interiors, including new constructions, renovations and refurbishments. It is suitable for a wide range of commercial settings, including offices, kitchens, retail stores, education facilities, hospitals and healthcare centres as well as large-scale residential projects. Track can be cut on-site and installed in a fraction of the time taken to fit traditional fixed sockets. It can be installed as part of a ring or as a spur and is durable with copper and recyclable PVC components. With a number of installation options available, including surface-mount, intrunking and in-wall, the system minimises the need for power boards and extension leads in any commercial environment. HPM Legrand Contact info and more items like this at wf.net. au/Q480
Outdoor thermal security camera FLIR’s D-Series outdoor thermal security camera can detect intruders and other threats in darkness and bad weather. FLIR says the camera is a suitable replacement for day/night dome cameras, providing clear 24/7 imaging capability. It is available with a lens range including the 640 x 480 thermal resolution for four times better image quality, range and clarity. The cameras provide precision pan/tilt control while providing fully programmable scan patterns, radar slew-to-cue and slew-to-alarm functionality. The dome enclosure provides 360° continuous pan and +45 to -180° tilt for uninterrupted coverage. Fully enabled for control and operation over digital and analog networks, the D-Series system deploys a 320 x 240 thermal imager along with a daylight/lowlight 36x zoom colour CCD camera. A range of lenses is available for the camera: lenses with focal lengths from 9 to 35 mm and FOVs from 48 to 13° are available. Auto Digital Detail Enhancement (DDE) is built in for optimal image quality across all scene conditions. Open IP standards permit plug-and-play integration and configuration in digital networks. Multiple channels of streaming digital video are available, in H.264, MPEG-4 or M-JPEG formats. The FLIR Sensor Manager single-device version is included. FLIR Systems Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R097
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CHANGES TO PV ARRAYS INSTALLATION STANDARD A new version of AS/NZS 5033 standard for installation of photovoltaic (PV) arrays came into effect from July 2012 and changes are mandatory from 16 October 2012. The EL-042 Standards Committee oversees the development of renewable energy standards and includes electrical safety bodies, fire brigade representatives, training organisations and other relevant industry groups.
he Clean Energy Council (CEC) sits on the committee and has prepared a technical information sheet detailing the revisions and implications for installers. Below are some key points from the technical sheet that will help you understand the changes.
General • Modules in the same string shall be installed in the same orientation. (Clause 2.1.5) • Domestic voltage rating of installation limited to 600 Volts DC. (Clause 3.1) • Greater than 600 Volts DC requires restricted access to all installed equipment. (Clause 3.1) • Change of safety class, from Class II to Class I, for PV module insulation system rating, (Clause 184.108.40.206) earthing is required of all exposed metal module frames and mounting rails. (AS/ NZS 3000 1.4.27) • All equipment and wiring shall be selected and installed in accordance with the provisions of AS/NZS 3000 and the requirements of this Standard. (Clause 4.1)
Wiring All PV wiring and components must be fit for purpose and installed to minimise exposure to detrimental environmental effects
(clause 4.1) and are protected from abrasion, tension, compression and cutting forces. They need to be routed, supported and protected in accordance with AS/NZS 3000. (Clause 220.127.116.11) • PV array cabling is to double insulate (Clause 3.2) and be flexible (multi strand) to allow for movement. (Clause 18.104.22.168) • Needs to meet PV1-F specification and be tinned copper to reduce degradation of the cable over time. (Clause 22.214.171.124) TPS cable is not permitted. • PV cabling must be identified with a permanent, indelible marking in English or coloured “SOLAR” labels attached at intervals of not less than 2 metres. When the PV cable is enclosed in conduit or other wiring enclosure a coloured “SOLAR” label must be attached at each end of the wiring enclosure and at each change of direction. (Clause 5.3.1) • The solar array to inverter solar DC cables within buildings shall be in heavy duty conduit. (Clause 126.96.36.199.2) • All outdoor equipment must be suitable for the environment and be at least IP 54 and UV resistant. (Clause 188.8.131.52) • If exposed to the environment, cabling shall be UV resistant or protected from UV by installation in UV resistant conduit marked with “T”. (Clauses 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11) • When installed on roofs or floors must be mechanically protected (in enclosures or conduit) and not obstruct natural water drain paths or promote accumulation of debris. (Clause 18.104.22.168)
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• All PV array switch-disconnectors are readily available (Clause 22.214.171.124) and are to be marked with an identification name or number according to the PV array wiring diagram. They shall have a clear indication of isolation position “off” and “on” eg, O and I. (Clause 5.5.1) • When the PCE has an internal means to isolate the solar array this switch-disconnector shall be mechanically interlocked so that it will isolate the array if repair or replacement of a module is to be carried out within the PCE. (Clause 126.96.36.199) • Where multiple disconnection devices are installed they are either ganged so that they all operate simultaneously, or grouped in a common location with a warning sign indicating the need to operate all switch-disconnectors to isolate the equipment. (Clause 188.8.131.52). © iStockphoto.com/ Pedro Castellano
• Are protected from abrasion, tension, compression and cutting forces. (Clause 184.108.40.206) • Plastic cable ties are not to be used as a primary means of support. (Clause 220.127.116.11) • Ensure wiring in enclosures and cable entries maintain the IP rating and are sealed to manufacturers specifications and double insulation between conductors is maintained and installed in such a way as to minimise strain on the connectors. (Clause 18.104.22.168) • Connectors are mated with connectors of the same type from the same manufacturer. (Clause 4.3.7) • String fuses in PV arrays are rated for DC (Clause 4.3.1) and are rated to interrupt fault currents from the PV arrays. (Clause 4.3.4) • Fuse holders shall have a current rating equal or greater than the corresponding fuse and provide protection suitable for the location. (Clause 22.214.171.124)
Disconnection devices • An isolating/disconnection device shall be installed at the array if the PCE is more than 3 metres from the array. (Clause 126.96.36.199) • An isolating/disconnection device shall be installed adjacent to the PCE. (Clause 188.8.131.52) • Disconnection devices will be not be polarity sensitive and must operate in all active conductors. (Clause 184.108.40.206) • If circuit breakers are used they are not to be polarity sensitive. They must also be rated to interrupt the full load when operated and have a voltage rating greater than VOC. (Clauses 4.3.1 & 4.3.4) • Must be certified to AS/NZ 60898 or IEC 60947. (Clause 220.127.116.11)
PV module and mounting frame earth connections are to be a purpose-made fitting providing earthing or bonding connections or purpose-made penetrating washers or equivalent between the PV modules and mounting frame for the connection of dissimilar metals purpose-made fittings are installed to manufacturer’s instructions. (Clause 18.104.22.168) • Cable lugs, earthing termination and bonding cables are to be fixed by stainless steel bolts, washers and pentrating washers to aluminium frames. (Clause 22.214.171.124) • Earthing or bonding connections must be arranged so the removal of a single module earth connection will not affect the continuity of the earthing or bonding connections to any other module. (Clauses 126.96.36.199 & 188.8.131.52) • Self-tapping screws cannot be used for earth connections to the PV array framework. (Clause 184.108.40.206)
PV array functional earthing Connection to earth is at a single point, connected to the main earthing terminal of the electrical installation. This connection point is between the PV array disconnection device and the PCE and as close as possible to or located inside the PCE (Clause 220.127.116.11). The PV system functional earthing conductor has the same rating as the earth fault interrupter EFI (Clause 18.104.22.168).
LV PV arrays with functional earthing On an earth fault the EFI interrupts the earth fault, shuts the PV system down and provides a fault indication and an external fault alarm. (Clause 3.4.2) The standard also includes requirements for system documentation and commissioning. A copy of the standard can be purchased from SAI Global at http://infostore.saiglobal.com/store/ or by calling 131 242.
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High potential tester
The Hipotronics 880PL 80 kVDC hipot tester allows for DC field
The Caterpillar Critical Protection Module (CPM) is an uninterrupted
testing of cables, terminations, motors and more. The compact
power supply (UPS) system that combines a CAT Flywheel UPS, CAT
and lightweight tester, available for rent from TechRentals, is
diesel generator and an Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) packaged
suitable for field-oriented applications.
in a sound-attenuated and factory-tested ISO standard container.
With voltage readings taken directly at the output of the high-
A UPS system protects computers, data centres, telecommunications
voltage transformer and current measurements taken in the return
equipment and other electricals where an unexpected power disruption
leg, accurate voltage and current measurements are assured,
could cause serious business disruption or data loss.
regardless of load current. It has no exposed high voltages and
The product is designed to provide seamless continuous power in
has automatic grounding once high voltage is switched off. Other
a simple and complete package, delivering constant power protection
features include: shielded output cable; full-wave voltage; zero
against surges, sags and power interruptions that can halt operations
start interlock and guard circuit; internal discharge solenoid; meter
or cause loss of data or system capacity.
accuracy of ±2% full scale; 10 mA current rating.
The Caterpillar CPM uses robust digital components and is claimed
to require a quarter of the floor space of battery-based UPS systems.
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q473
Its ability to operate at higher temperatures may also reduce airconditioning and electricity costs over the life of the product. Caterpillar of Australia Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R230
Connector system The gesis IP+ connector system - RST 20i3 and RST20i5 - from Wieland-Electric provides error-free contact up to IP 68, even in unfavourable environmental conditions. The RST connector is available in 3 to 5 poles in current ratings of 20 and 25 A. The system is suitable for applications such as lighting for construction sites; underground garages; light advertisement systems; temporary installations; Christmas or marquee lighting; pumps; motors and others. Other features include: spring clamp connection for wire types and sizes - rigid 0.5 to 2.5 mm² and flexible 0.5 to 1.5 mm²; screw connection for rigid and flexible wire types and sizes: 1.5 to 4.0 mm². DKSH Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R049
Staircase Timer SCT-1 For use with pushbuttons and BEG LUXOMAT® sensors. Light warning signal prior to timed switch-off. Visit the website
iautomation.com.au or call us1800 225 063
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possibly the world’s most versatile multi-purpose saw Carbon monoxide alarms CO (carbon monoxide) is a particularly insidious gas, as it can't been seen, tasted or smelled, but it is potentially lethal. The Brooks 9 V battery-powered CO EI207 and EI208 Alarms are suitable for use when domestic gas appliances and unflued gas heaters are in use. The alarms feature: electrochemical sensor (six-year life); end-of-life indication; low battery warning; easy-to-use large test/hush button; pre-alarm indication gives early warning of CO; loud distinct alarm sound (85 dB(A) minimum at 3 m); memory feature indicates if CO has been previously detected; power, alarm and fault indicator lights; suitable for ceiling or wall mounting; some models with LCD. The EI208 models use lithium batteries; the EI207 model, two replaceable AAA batteries. Other models are available: EI261EN CO 230 V mains-powered alarm with 10-year rechargeable lithium battery back-up and EI205 CO Alarm with 3 AA batteries. Brooks Electrical Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R319
Energy-efficiency testing of swimming pool pumps Austest Laboratories is now accredited for testing to AS 5102.1 and AS 5102.2 for energy-efficiency testing of swimming pool pumps in accordance with star rating requirements of the Voluntary Labelling Program administered by the Australian, State and Territory and New Zealand Governments. Austest Laboratories is said to be the only testing facility independently accredited for testing to AS5102.1 and AS5102.2. Accredited testing is considered the benchmark for determining product compliance.
cuts wood aluminium steel plastic brass copper Reduces nearly ALL kick-back • 125mm, 650w Bi-directional twin blade system • Perfect for burr-free ﬁnish • With built-in lubricating system • Cuts up to 28mm
A copy of the Rules for Participation in the Voluntary Energy Labelling Program for Swimming Pool Pump Units can be downloaded from www. energyrating.gov.au. A copy of Austest’s scope of testing accreditation can be downloaded from www.a2la.org/scopepdf/2765-02.pdf. Austest Laboratories Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q878
Ampere Electrical Manufacturing Co. Pty. Ltd. 174-176 High Street, Prahran,VIC 3181 Tel (03) 9510 4333, 9510 2428 Fax (03) 9510 5940 Toll Free 1800 AMPERE (1800 267 373) www.ampere.com.au
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Westfield deploys energy-efficient lighting solution
he retail property group Westfield’s corporate headquarters under the iconic Centrepoint Tower were designed to minimise the use of natural resources, provide a more productive and comfortable workspace for staff and target a 5-star NABERS energy rating and a 6-star Green Star rating. It was essential that the lighting architecture would meet the project’s green criteria and complement the environmental design ethos of the building. Westfield wanted the lighting system to reduce the energy requirement for lighting as well as enhance the working environment by maximising natural light where possible. Vital to achieving these efficiency goals was the installation of Philips Dynalite specified Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI) technology. The technology is simple to install and commission and monitors and controls lighting within the office environment, which significantly reduces the use of energy. Energy costs are lowered through daylight harvesting and standard controls such as dimming and occupancy sensors. Rather than depend on staff to turn off the lighting, the intuitive DALI system does it. Each luminaire in the building is individually addressable, which delivers flexibility in control and monitoring. Lights can easily be grouped, ungrouped and regrouped into different control areas without the need to reconfigure any fixed control wiring and redundant lighting can easily be temporarily disabled. The entire system is centrally monitored through the building management system (BMS), which allows the automatic identification of failed lamps and ballasts. The installation of dimming luminaires around the perimeters of the office enables artificial lighting to be increased or decreased to balance natural light levels. Switching was used in the building core where natural light levels were too low. To optimise energy efficiency, lighting is fully automated during normal office hours. The lighting control system is interfaced through a Philips Dynalite DDNI-BACnet switching device to the main building management system (BMS). After hours, the BMS assumes global control over the lighting controls - along with HVAC and security systems - and is able to switch off the lighting after a preset time. Dynalite DPN eight-button user interface panels were installed near the lift areas
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to allow staff to activate lighting when needed. The DPN panels were installed in the boardroom to allow the selection of preset lighting scenes such as ‘conference’, ‘presentation’ and ‘meeting’. A Philips Dynalite DTK622/RS232 AMX interface allows control of the audiovisual systems through the system and also allows supervision of the lighting through the AMX controls. The Philips Dynalite’s Mapview software, which is accessed through a head-end computer in the security area, helps monitor, manage and - when required - reconfigure to meet changing needs within the building over time. The solution helped Westfield achieve both a 5-star NABERS Energy rating and a 6-star Green Star rating. The lighting system allows the building to make intelligent decisions about the optimum delivery of light. Lighting controls can switch lights off when no one is around, automatically adjust lighting levels based on the amount of natural daylight in the space and turn off or dim lights, based on the daily cycle of the office. The perfect control of the lighting means that the least possible amount of light is supplied when needed. Together with the many energy-efficient building and services designs that have been included in this project, the lighting control system has helped reduce energy consumption by 30%. In total, 300 DALI fittings were installed in the 32,000 m2 space. A combination of fluorescents and LEDs was used, with 64 channels of switching controlled through the Dynalite DMRC210 relay fixture couplers and the remaining 236 channels of dimming controlled through Philips’ Dynalite DDBC300-DALI ballast controllers. A single lighting control network was used, with the Dynalite DDNG485 network bridges used to connect each floor’s subnetwork into the sophisticated Philips Dynalite peer-to-peer communications Dynet RS485 trunk network. A combination of Dynalite DUS804C and DUS804C-UP universal sensors was used for both lux levels and presence sensing. The DUS804CUP sensors, which use ultrasonics rather than infrared and are more sensitive than the standard DUS804C, were installed in the core areas of the building, which reduced the number of sensors required. Philips Dynalite Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R278
Cable box 4Cabling has launched a range of small to medium-size cable management solutions, which includes a cable box. The cable box hides cable disorder in small-scale projects requiring 6- to 8-way power boards. The company says the cable box is suitable for households and network administrators. 4Cabling Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R094
Stainless steel conduit range Conduit Connection has available a full range of stainless steel UL-listed 316L conduit. The products are designed to withstand harsh environments in mining, marine and most industrial applications. Fittings are rated for IP66 use, and conduit boxes and accessories are also available. Available products include: 20 and 25 mm fittings with 1.5 mm wall thickness and 32 mm fittings with 1.6 mm wall thickness. The products have 320 grit finish. Larger sizes are also available, such as 100 mm NB schedule 10 3.05 mm wall with shouldered flange couplers that do not require threading. Larger size bends with flange couplers are also available. Conduit Connection Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q952
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now available online!
Power quality eBook With equipment and energy costs rising, it’s hard to stress enough the importance of power quality. Power quality issues can hamper production processes, damage costly equipment and lower productivity. This eBook features articles on power quality challenges, managing and reporting problems, improving efficiencies and reducing costs. Download now.
Compact Coriolis flowmeter Yokogawa Electric Corporation has released the Rotamass LR Coriolis mass flowmeter. Designed to measure both liquids and gases, the effective turndown of the flowmeter is no less than 2000:1 for liquids and 5000:1 for gases and the mass flow measurement range spans from 1.5 g/h to 40 kg/h, achieving a measurement accuracy of ±0.15% for liquids and ±0.5% for gases. The flowmeter’s dual bent tube optimally decouples the core measuring element from process vibration that can cause fluctuating zero stability and decrease measurement accuracy. When fluid density changes, a single-tube Coriolis flowmeter can become unbalanced and start to behave like an emitter. The Rotamass LR remains balanced due to the equal mass change in both tubes and the absence of interference from the process piping. By design, it is insensitive to fluctuations in the ambient temperature
Unified communications eBook
and achieves good zero stability under changing process conditions.
Unified communications (UC) has many potential benefits for organisations, including cost savings through the use of IP telephony as well as streamlined communications between staff members and customers. This eBook features several articles on emerging movements in UC - download now!
The two tubes are made from C-22 alloy, which is less susceptible to thermal expansion than conventional stainless steel. Normally it is more difficult to measure temperature with Coriolis flowmeters that have tubes with a smaller surface area. The Rotamass LR uses an inline temperature sensor, ensuring precise and fast measurements in process temperatures ranging from -50 to +150°C.
Global networks for M2M M2M has a relatively short history, having been around since 2000 when it became apparent that communication between machines carrying out similar functions would be a good idea. It has since broadened into communication between dissimilar devices, examples being medicine and mining. This eBook explains more about this technology.
The flowmeter has a gas-tight, all-stainless-steel secondary containment that can handle pressures up to 65 bar. It can be used in high-pressure applications up to 400 bar. The flowmeter does not use gaskets, minimising the risk of leaks. Insulation and a heat jacket are available as options. Yokogawa Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R294
Advanced pressure diagnostics provide valuable insight into your process Advanced pressure diagnostic technology provides a means for early detection of abnormal situations in a process environment and enables the user to proactively respond to changes in the process, troubleshoot and prevent future shutdowns. Find out how it can help prevent abnormal situations in your plant.
Tamper-proof safety switches Euchner’s CES and CET series safety switches have been designed for use on decentralised machine systems. The safety switches from both series are based on transponder technology and are claimed to offer maximum protection against tampering. They are suitable for protecting safety doors, even in harsh industrial environments. The switches also feature mechanical guard locking, allowing them
For these and more White Paper downloads, visit www.electricalsolutions.net.au/white_papers
to be used safely on machines with over-travelling machine movements. Treotham Automation Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q720
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Cabinet access control and monitoring systems MFB has recognised the need for a family of competitively priced, scalable cabinet access control and monitoring systems to meet today’s data centre physical layer security and environmental requirements. InfraSolution is designed to allow cabinet control and monitoring of door handles, including temperature and humidity for up to 200 cabinets over either LAN or WAN environments. The web-based GUI (graphic user interface) management software allows up to eight simultaneous users to access and control different cabinets. Only authorised employees can gain access and only as specified by the administrator to individual enclosures in specific time windows. There are two InfraSolution ‘out of the box’ options: the InfraBox 820 and the InfraBox 840. The 820 package includes two (front/rear) SmartCard electromagnetic rack handles/cable harnesses and two SmartCards. The InfraBox 840 package has all the 820 features plus an additional 8 x RJ45 expansion ports that allow the user to control or monitor SmartPDUs and other smart products via a Cat6 cable. Typically, users can monitor PDUs’ amperage as well as remotely switching power sockets on and off via IP using the same GUI software. The products also have two RJ11 ports that provide an interface for digital temperature and humidity sensors. The SmartCard handle is designed for use with inductive, mechanical or optical door opening/closing sensors and the SmartCards themselves can either be HID or Mifare compatible. The handle has a built-in digital temperature sensor and is supplied with mechanical keys for security backup. The system is available on all S2005-style doors, in single- and multipoint configurations and as either left- or right-hand hinged. MFB Products Pty Ltd AEA1 2 _ AD1 8 . p d f Pa ge 1 2 8 / 0 8 / 1 2 , Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/R042
1 1 : 0 9
THE CLEAN ENERGY SHOW – BRINGING YOU THE POWER OF CHANGE
• Australia’s largest international clean energy event • Free-to-attend exhibition • Free-to-attend multi-stream conference • Free networking reception for all registered attendees • Great value exhibition and sponsorship packages
MELBOURNE CONVENTION & EXHIBITION CENTRE
10/11 OCTOBER 2012
ALL-ENERGY AUSTRALIA 2012 is a free-to-delegate, business-to-business exhibition, conference and networking forum showcasing renewable energy, clean energy, sustainable transport and energy efficiency. It targets no single solution, but embraces all opportunities within the clean energy market.
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FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL +61 2 9422 2500
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Improving power quality at mine sites
project within the CRCMining Power Management program based at the School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Newcastle has collected voltage and current information in an underground offshore coal mine at the substation (power centre) level into which the mine’s continuous miners are connected. The work is part of an investigation into voltage stability and its effects on both production and maintenance. The data collection box, designed and built in Australia by the University of Newcastle, collected information well over the 100th harmonic in an attempt to capture transients associated with switched power factor correction capacitors and harmonics associated with variable speed AC drive units not fitted with active front end filters. Modelling of a target mine in CRCMining’s ‘Statcom’-based voltage stabilisation project had indicated significant voltage transients would be found as a result of switched capacitors and this was proved to be both correct and accurate. However, the level of harmonic distortion was substantially higher than had been anticipated and is now the subject of further studies. A quick analysis of the collected data indicates very high levels of 5th, 7th and 11th harmonics, which can considerably decrease the life of both power system components such as transformers and connected motors due to heating. Contributing components to these harmonics may include variable speed AC drives as well as core saturation of transformers in the system, which was previously not considered in the mix of potential issues. Overvoltage transients of 600 V were measured, associated with capacitor switching, and undervoltage issues associated with line impedances have been verified, validating the mine model developed by the university for the Statcom project. An interesting question raised by the results is whether a ‘stiff supply bus’ would have any effect on the data. While heavy dynamic loading of weak supplies will cause voltage fluctuations for equipment, the observed harmonic distortion could be generally unaffected by the stiffness of the connecting supply considering the line impedances between miners and their grid interconnect. Electrical engineers in mining have welcomed the results, which they believe are very timely given the industry’s rate of adoption of variable speed AC drives. It is believed increased nuisance tripping of conveyor belt drives and earth leakage detection failures are possible outcomes of not fully understanding the dynamics of the underground mining power distribution system as well as the obvious maintenance and life cycle issues of equipment.
Current work is focused on three main areas: developing a range of predictive condition monitoring tools (DC and AC motor duty meters and novel power quality measuring tools); identifying power supply and reticulation weakness to understand their effect on production and equipment, then providing voltage support and harmonic correction solutions; and, extending the interoperability capability of the CRCMining Power Management group by using mine precinct data to determine the key elements of mixed energy generation, with a view to optimising operational cost, power delivery capacity and power quality. Mine planners will be able to draw metrics for the development of power systems and researchers can focus on issues affecting operational capabilities to provide new and innovative solutions to optimise energy delivery and cost. The second area aims to understand mine precinct power requirements driven by diurnal, shift, week/weekend, seasonal and product impacts, and matching this varied demand with grid supply options. This includes an assessment of interoperability between conventional, renewable and hybrid supply solutions. CRCMining conducts projects within a number of key research, development and demonstration programs with its members. The programs currently span the areas of automation, power and equipment management, rock fragmentation and handling, and coal technology and fugitive emissions. CRCMining members come from mining end users (Anglo American, AngloGold Ashanti, Barrick Gold Corporation, BHP Billiton, Newcrest Mining, Newmont Mining, Peabody Energy and Xstrata Coal), original equipment manufacturers and service providers (Caterpillar, CSC, Herrenknecht, Joy Global and Sandvik) and from the research providers at the Universities of Newcastle, Queensland, Western Australia and Curtin University. CRCMining www.crcmining.com.au
www.krausnaimer.com.au SYDNEY MELBOURNE Tel: (02) 9797 7333 Tel: (03) 9720 9777 Fax: (02) 9797 0092 Fax: (03) 9720 9766
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Linked with an Australian Wide Distribution Network
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from the editor
Renewable energy conference It is time for change. After six months
Date: 10 October 2012 - 11 October 2012 Venue: Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre Organiser: All-Energy Events and Reed Exhibitions Website: www.all-energy.com.au/
of extensive industry research, including reader surveys, we’ll be relaunching the Electrical Solutions magazine. This is the last issue of Electrical Solutions before it
The All-Energy Australia exhibition and conference is free of charge to anyone with a professional interest in renewable/sustainable/ clean energy. This year’s conference will address the state of play with a wide range of clean and renewable energy technologies, and their implications for Australia’s business, the economy and society. The exhibition will be relevant to companies involved in the development of carbon mitigation solutions for traditional energy sources, including carbon capture and sequestration, energyefficiency improvements as well as all areas of the renewable energy industry. The show offers extensive networking opportunities through the free-of-charge Grand Networking Evening.
© iStockphoto.com/Rachel Donahue
gets a makeover and transforms into ECD Solutions. ECD stands for electrical, comms and data. The aim of the relaunch is to cover the ever-expanding and diversifying role of electrical contractors, and make the magazine more useful and relevant to readers. The relaunch in no way means there will be reduced focus on the topics we already cover, such as energy efficiency, solar power and electrical distribution. The revamped magazine will feature regular sections on energy efficiency and renewables, data and communications, electrical distribution, automation and security - the areas that you, our readers, see opportunities in. The other key change is that the new magazine will have a new editor. I’m heading off on maternity leave and will temporarily hand over to Dannielle Furness, who has worked closely with the lighting industry. She brings invaluable experience and insights, and I’m sure she’ll take the
Electrical Engineering Safety Seminar The 22nd Electrical Engineering Safety Seminar will be held at a new venue this year - Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre - on Wednesday 7 November and Thursday 8 November 2012. An agenda and information on accommodation options will be available when registrations open prior to the event. Date: 7 November 2012 - 8 November 2012 Venue: Parkside Ballroom, Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre Organiser: NSW GovernmentCategory: Seminar Website: www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/minerals/safety/resources/seminars-andconferences
magazine in a new and exciting direction. The existing subscribers of Electrical Solutions will automatically receive a free subscription to ECD Solutions. The revamped magazine will land on your desk in November - so keep an eye out for it. I look forward to seeing everyone and writing again in 2013 when I return from my maternity leave.
Mansi Gandhi - Editor email@example.com
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In my opinion Out-of-date equipment, rapid data growth, a requirement to reduce energy output and saving money are all issues currently facing IT, data centre and facility managers. This is why now, in today’s highly connected and technology-dependent world, it is vital for organisations to start making the right and ‘green’ data centre decisions.
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It is not uncommon for a data centre today to be faced with rising energy costs combined with a need to increase size, sophistication and/or density - all of which present new challenges for managers under pressure to continually improve performance and reduce operational expenses. In this environment, IT and data centre managers must have access to accurate and timely information about their assets, resource use and systems status - from granular infrastructure to high-level overviews, while also meeting operational demands in an energy-constrained environment.
Editor: Mansi Gandhi firstname.lastname@example.org
This level of complexity requires a new approach: closer collaboration and a more cohesive partnership between IT, facilities and building managers. Rather than isolate this process of energy management as an IT-only operation, organisations are starting to see that others involved in powering and connecting a building must be brought on board to get the best results and deliver energy savings right across the building.
Art/Production: Tanya Scarselletti, Jeanette Teuma, Colleen Sam
Many data centres are managed with loosely aligned tools for IT and facility management and this needs to change in order to gain better operational insights to make more informed efficiency decisions. The stats around energy consumption are pretty sobering. Right now, buildings worldwide represent 42% of all electricity usage, and by 2025 they are projected to be the largest emitters of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet. IT is the main culprit of this electricity consumption - currently between four and eight per cent of electricity consumption goes into IT kit; by 2030, it is expected to jump to 40%. Armed with these forecasts, IT managers can now see more clearly that energy management - which is all about optimising an organisation’s energy use by implementing strategies for energy efficiency, reliability and monitoring - is an absolute must-have tool within their operational arsenal. A key step in promoting such collaboration is to acknowledge the ‘interconnectedness’ of today’s data centre. No longer physically confined to the IT room, the data centre branches out into the building and, as such, becomes the concern of all those managing a building. It becomes the responsibility of IT, facilities and other maintenance contractors to avoid such issues and achieve maximum energy efficiency gains. To get there, all parties involved in the upkeep of a building need to see the same, real-time information: this is how much electricity is being consumed, and this is who or what is consuming it. Armed with such facts, the groups can more easily work together to arrive at energy-saving solutions. So where does this information come from? One example is deployment of a software, such as Schneider Electric's Struxureware software, that provides a single view of all energy consumption across the entire building. It is relevant for both IT and facilities, and the two groups can use the insights gained from the data to make strategic decisions about energy allocations. Electricity usage is a controllable cost in a building. Yet it is only controllable when all players responsible for its usage work together to control it. As such, the future demands a situation whereby all work together to tackle the issue of energy consumption as a united front. Paul Tyrer, Vice President, Pacific, Schneider Electric IT. Tyrer has over 16 years’ experience with Schneider Electric (working with APC by Schneider Electric). His experience in driving cross-business collaboration projects at Schneider Electric has resulted in significant energy efficiencies for customers both inside the data centre, through to the critical buildings that house them. Tyrer, along with the broader Schneider Electric team, believes there is a great opportunity to reduce energy consumption across business-critical infrastructure as the Pacific looks to transition to a low carbon economy.
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Editorial Assistant: Alice Richard Chief Editor: Janette Woodhouse Publisher: Geoff Hird Art Director/Production Manager: Julie Wright
Circulation Manager: Sue Lavery email@example.com Copy Control: Mitchie Mullins firstname.lastname@example.org Advertising Sales: NSW, QLD, VIC - Lisa Gilbert Ph: 0414 283 933 email@example.com SA, WA - Lachlan Rainey Ph: 0402 157 167 firstname.lastname@example.org New Zealand - Gemma Burr Ph: 0800 442 529 email@example.com USA - Huson International Media East Coast Ph: +1 212 268 3344 West Coast Ph: +1 408 879 6666 firstname.lastname@example.org UK - Huson International Media Ph: +44 1932 56 4999 email@example.com ASIA - Lachlan Rainey Ph: +61 (0) 402 157 167
For unregistered readers - price on application
March 2012 Total CAB Audited Circulation (Aust + NZ) 5,318 (87% personally requested)
Electrical Solutions: ISSN 1834-0644 Printed and bound by Pegasus Print Group +61 2 8822 0716
All material published in this magazine is published in good faith and every care is taken to accurately relay information provided to us. Readers are advised by the publishers to ensure that all necessary safety devices and precautions are installed and safe working procedures adopted before the use of any equipment found or purchased through the information we provide. Further, all performance criteria was provided by the representative company concerned and any dispute should be referred to them. Information indicating that products are made in Australia or New Zealand is supplied by the source company. Westwick-Farrow Pty Ltd does not quantify the amount of local content or the accuracy of the statement made by the source.
A big THANKS to all our valued readers! You have helped create TWO fantastic new magazines After analysing the results of over 1000 READER SURVEYS completed earlier this year, we are excited to announce a major transformation for longstanding brands Voice+Data and Electrical Solutions. The new titles (and their respective websites) reflect the changes in technology markets in recent times and will better service YOUR business information needs.
Voice+Data morphs into Technology Decisions • Content shifts to pure IT • Cloud; security; big data; storage; compliance; mobility;
virtualisation & more • More opinion, analysts, peer talk, case studies & articles • New focus on software, both in magazine and online Launch issue: Oct/Nov 2012 Website launch: mid October
Electrical Solutions expands with more comms+data content and becomes ECD Solutions (Electrical+Comms+Data) • 30% increase in circulation • Comms+Data; Efficiency+Renewables; Automation+Security and Electrical Distributiona • New perfect bound format with heavy cover and section dividers • More products, case studies and articles • Regular content on regulations, compliance, training and business tips Launch issue: Nov/Dec 2012 Website launch: early November
NOTE: Current subscriptions will continue, but if you want to receive BOTH magazines, or update your magazine and/or online preferences, simply go to www.ElectricalSolutions.net.au/subscribe BEFORE Oct 30.
Published on Sep 26, 2012
For those working in and managing mid to large sized electrical contracting and wholesaler firms across Australia and New Zealand, Electrica...