November 23th 2015 wepush.org
MATRIX OF LINKAGES
PLENARY SESSION DAY 1
PLENARY SESSION DAY 2
PLENARY SESSION DAY 3
BOOM POLMONI URBANI
HOW TO IMPROVE CITIZENS’ LIFE THROUGH SERVICES
NEW ENERGY FOR NEW CITIES
SMART CITIES, SERVICE PROVIDING AND URBAN POLICIES/POLITICS
OPEN TOUR - HOW TO BRING THE COLLABORATIVE TOURISTIC APP IN YOUR CITY
INNOVATING ON METAMORPHOSIS OF CITIES FEATURED BY SPECIAL VULNERABILITY
MAPPATHON FOR SHARED KNOWLEDGE
ENERGY IS THE LIFE BLOOD OF OUR SOCIETY
A SQUARE IS NOT JUST A SQUARE
PROMISED LANDS - HOW RESIDUAL URBAN MATTERS CAN PROMPT CITY REGENERATION
WE WILL BE WHAT WE WILL EAT
SOCIAL INNOVATION AND URBAN POLICY
INFORMALITY AND BOTTOM-UP ORGANIZATION IN THE AGE OF TECHNOLOGY
THE CITY AS A SERVICE INTENSIVE SCHOOL
URBAN ART AS AN ENGINE OF TRANSFORMATION FOR CITIES
INSTAGARDENS LAB - COMMUNITY GARDENS TURN VIRAL
THE SEVERAL FUTURES OF CITY PLANNING
MARKETPLACES LOCAL HUBS
FLEXIBLE FREEWAY TOWARDS A SMART INFRA-NATURE
URBAN THINKERS CAMPUS
ROAD TO CITY AS A SERVICE
Timeline 4th March / Approval
13th April / Venue
“City as a Service” proposal has been approved by the World Urban Campaign Standing Committee.
The Campus will take place in a huge ex-industrial area of the city, Cantieri Culturali alla Zisa, a beautiful example of industrial architecture.
9th September / Call for volunteers
6th September / Abstract evaluation
We asked an help to the Palermo youngsters. We’ve collected more than 30 volunteers.
25th September - 3th October / City as a
28th September / The program of the
Service Intensive School Hosted in Erice, it was intended as a Workshop on service design and urban issues to prepare the debate. The participants were 17: designers and researchers from allover the world.
campus is online Three days and more than 25 different Urban Thinkers Sessions and Urban Labs hosted in 5 different places of the Cantieri Culturali alla Zisa. We’ve also selected Chairmans, Coordinators and Rapporteurs for each Urban Session and Labs.
23th November / Plenary sessions videos
8th - 10th October / Campus rolling
You can reach all the contents at: www.youtube.com/user/wePUSHvideo
We’ve also released a mobile app to improve the experience and the interaction among all the participants during the whole campus and beyond.
30 abstracts are selected by the steering committee.
11th May / Stering Committee
9th July, / Open Call for for abstracts
We’ve nominated an international steering committee to set up the open call for papers and evaluate the contributions.
An international call open to whose want to play an active role, proposing their own Urban Thinkers Session or Urban Lab, in order to share their service idea, experience, good practice or initiative.
10th August, 2015 / Call for abstracts is closed
10th July / Ticket for the event available
More than 50 abstract submitted from all over the world.
Plenary Sessions’ tickets are available for free through the Eventbrite platform.
30th September / Patronages
2nd October / The book about the
The event has reached the patronage of many Italian organization and entities, the most important was the one made by Italian Ministry of Economic Development.
program is published
The 70 pages program of the Campus is published in 2000 copies.
5th October / Press Conference
4th October / Tickets for all the session are
Hosted by the Comune di Palermo at Villa Niscemi, it was introduced by the Mayor of Palermo recently elected board member of the UN-Habitat “Safer Cities Programme”.
At the end we counted more than 350 registrations and more than 450 attendees.
available on Eventbrite
URBAN THINKERS CAMPUS
REPORT CITY AS A SERVICE
Introduction CANTIERI CULTURALI ALLA ZISA - PALERMO
The City We Need document, which sets key principles and establishes essential paths for building a New Urban Agenda towards Habitat III Conference, has been the starting point for the Urban Thinkers Campus of Palermo “City as a Service”. The Campus dealt with these principles exploring a specific dimension: the service design. We believe that a correct mix of creativity and technology can contribute to build more sustainable cities, from both political and social point of view, hence improving people’s lives and the future of our urban habitat. The extraordinary revolution made by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Service Design has in fact pushed people interactions to a new level in terms of speed and complexity.
The mission of the Urban Thinkers Campus of Palermo was to better understand the capacity of the combination of ICT and Service Design to reimagine cities, especially in less globalized contexts, debating the role of the key actors involved: urban communities, researchers, private businesses and local authorities. During these three days we had the opportunity to present, discuss and share new models and solutions able to reshape the urban environment also by improving the “citizens’ experience”.
Around a hundred of participants took part to each of the morning Plenary Sessions, while during the afternoon each of the parallel Urban Thinkers Sessions and Labs hosted about 20 people. Through the web platform eventbrite more than 380 people. Globally, during the 3 day event, we hosted 3 Plenary Sessions, 12 Urban Thinkers Sessions and 11 Urban Labs, observing an attendance of over 200 people per day. Since no World Urban Campaign partner attended the event, no Constituent Group took place. Nevertheless we had the opportunity to debate with all the guests and participants, in order to find new ideas and inspirations that could actively contribute to enrich the general debate. We are glad that the key stakeholders we invited were actively participating; their contribution was crucial as they were representing the three main actors of the urban scenario:
Civil Society was represented by the regional coordinator of LIBERA NGO Mr. Umberto Di Maggio and the Project Manager of Waag Society, Mrs. Ivonne Jansen-Dings. From the Enterprises world we hosted the Account Manager of Cisco System Mr. Graziano Leuzzi and the E-Care CEO Mrs. Virginia Filippi. The role of Research in innovating cities was well represented by the Professor Maurizio Carta (University of Palermo) and the Professor Luigi Atzori (University of Cagliari). Exponents of the Public Administrations such as the Mayor of Palermo Leoluca Orlando and Jean Barroca from the Municipality of Fundao, shared their local best practices.
Key Outcomes The results emerged during the three days debate were various and interesting, mostly linked to civic engagement and long term urban innovation. The outcomes of the Plenary Sessions were related to global processes and issues such as the need of creative problem solving and sustainable approach, especially in less globalized contexts; the power of the social entrepreneurships and local organizations, supported by technological innovations, to trigger deep and sustainable changes in the urban environment. On the other side, during the Parallel Sessions, the outcomes were mostly related to local and geographical issues showing the impact of the communities’ involvement: these experiences were indeed mostly based on bottom up approaches, aimed at raising people’s awareness by making them playing a crucial role in the innovation process. During these sessions the debate focused not only on the common points of strength, but also on the main obstacles encountered by urban innovators, represented in most of the cases by the lack of commitment of local administrations and the cultural closure of some marginal territories, where a weak sense of identity leads to difficult interactions and no involvement. Many experiences have shown how slow can be innovative processes despite the initial boost given by technology: all the speakers shared their effort in adopting tools to keep communities’ motivation high trough incentives, adapting solutions to real users’ needs by collecting feedbacks and dynamic data. For a win-win system the collaboration of all the involved parts (business, administration, research and civil society) is crucial such as the need of a multidisciplinary approach in order to develop concrete and effective solutions for the cities.
Key Recommendations The Campus was an international opportunity for all the invited guests and for those who applied to the Parallel Sessions’ call for Abstracts to present their projects and researches: some of the best practices and the main concrete recommendations will be shown below, highlighting the power of technology driven by bottom-up solutions. System Design and Service Design, have undoubtedly become fundamental tools, able to help people redesigning their cities and making them more liveable. Another important fil rouge that linked most of the experiences we have heard about is the importance of both community and administration collaboration. People can actually change their cities by giving voice to their needs and turning them into opportunities. If we focus on community initiatives, at local level, projects like Ortocapovolto - presented by one of its founder, Mrs. Claudia Rizzo, during an interesting Urban Session - are good examples of how resilience can be a successful attitude in transforming green underused public space, in marginal contexts. Another interesting project which goes towards the same direction is Borgo Vecchio Factory, presented by Mr. Mauro Filippi during a parallel session on urban art. The initiative included street-art after-school laboratories, an innovative non-formal education format, that involved children of a marginal district (at risk of school dropout) and the whole community thanks to a communication and crowdfunding campaign. Another concrete initiative, leaded by the social innovation hub Avanzi, is “Segnali di futuro”, presented by Mr. Claudio Calvaresi, mapping and showing to the citizens of Milano, all the innovative local good practices and ideas/projects. Shifting to a more technological field, the contemporary research allows almost everyone to interact, use and create new digital tools, like smartphones and their apps. A world of unexplored possibilities is at his first phase and a lot of people mix creativity with problem solving needs to create useful apps. Arianna, presented by Prof. Ilenia Tinnirello, is a mobile app that, in a really simple way and thanks to a system of tape on the ground, permits to visually impared people to interact and orient in space around them. The web platform Renurban, promoted by Mr. Lorenzo Lunardo, is an essential tool for reporting, communicating and trying to solve some public problems, without leaving the community alone. Crucial element within this good practice scenario is represented by the “link entities” creating and encouraging interaction and smart dialogue among the involved stakeholders, by providing innovative tools and services: this is the case of Eutropian, represented by Mrs. Daniela Patti and Mr. Levente Polyak; Waag Society, leaded by Mrs. Ivonne Jensen-Dings and Citilab, presented by Mr. Artur Serra. A last fundamental aspect is related to the both administrational and private initiatives bringing a quicker and more powerful outcome in transforming the urban dynamics and planning: it is the case of the Fundao municipality for instance, proudly presented by Mr. Jean Barroca, or the ZEC - Zero Emission Cities - Initiative presented by Mr. Nick Hayes from Arcadis.
Key Actors The above case studies show how important is the cooperation among all the key actors involved during the Campus (the civil society, the researchers, the private and the public sector) in developing a smarter and innovative future for our cities. Each of them has some specific characteristics, important to underline and they have skills that are complementary. Those who decided to play an active role at local level, influencing their communities, are usually young people who spent quite a long time abroad, capable of bringing innovation through culture, creativity and best practices. Regarding the academic field, innovation seems to pass through the researches and data collection in marginal contexts, where the urgency meets the challenge. The private and the public sector innovation actors seem to have a lot in common, both represented by middle aged actors with an open vision and a strong believe in collaboration and interaction with civil society and academic outcomes.
Annexes A brief explanation of the projects presented during the Campus Segnali di Futuro: the project “Signals for a future” gathers cases of bottom-up innovation in Milan metropolitan area. CoopUP is a Confcooperative project, aimed at creating a business incubator. It wants to encourage innovative ideas, through the creation of start-ups, born in its business incubator. CoopUp wants to promote a co-operative approach to economy and accompany the birth and development of new co-operatives and social enterprises. Farm Cultural Park is a new generation cultural centre with a strong attention to contemporary art and innovation. The focus of Farm is not the product but the process; not the value of the works of art but people’s one. Farm is a museum of people. It is for those who want to share all they have: economic resources, time, knowledge, competences, network and friendships. “Libera. Associations, names and numbers against mafias” is a network of associations, groups and schools, committed to build up organizational synergies between the political and cultural local realities capable of promoting a culture of lawfulness. The education on democratic lawfulness, the fight against corruption, the camps for antimafia education, are some of Libera’s concrete commitments. Waag Society—institute for art, science and technology—is a pioneer in the field of digital media. Over the past 20 years, the foundation has developed into an institution of international stature, a platform for artistic research and experimentation, and has become both a catalyst for events and a breeding ground for cultural and social innovation. Waag Society explores emerging technologies, and provides art and culture a central role in the designing of new applications for novel advances in science and technology. The organisation concerns itself not only with technologies related to the Internet, but also with those related to biotechnology and the cognitive sciences. Waag Society is always active in a social context. Every project involves several partners, each of whom bring their own, unique perspective. We also propose that new technological developments are made available to artists as soon as possible. In this way, Waag Society is a catalyst that brings to light new insights and solutions. The work that arises here is both innovative and iconic. Istituto Superiore Mario Boella (ISMB) is a research and innovation centre operating in the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) domain. Founded in 2000 by Compagnia di San Paolo and Politecnico di Torino, today ISMB relies on the technological and process competences of around 150 researchers working in close cooperation with companies, academia and public administration. Atelier Studio Associato accompanies local, regional and European authorities, businesses and citizens in constructing a Sustainable Information Society and reaping its benefits. Together with its industrial, training, research and policy partners, Atelier works in innovative initiatives of transnational cooperation in different domains.
Citilab is a center for social and digital innovation in Cornella de Llobregat, Barcelona. Exploits and spreads the digital impact on creative thinking, design and innovation emerging from digital culture. Citilab is a mix between a training center, a research center and an incubator for business and social initiatives. Boom Polmoni Urbani is a concept contest aimed at finding strategies of urban transformation contrasting urban degradation and abandoned areas and offering an opportunity for residents’ appropriation of public spaces for recreational purposes. Open Data Sicilia is a web based civic initiative to propose and diffuse the open data culture in Sicilian territory, with the aim to start a public talk on reuse of Open Data in order to create new services and new economy in society. Zero Emission Cities project (ZEC) is an initiative from the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) catalysing global action to create low-carbon cities by working cities and key stakeholders to develop roadmaps to transform city energy systems and to drive implementation. The goal is to work with at least 20 cities by 2020. ZEC builds on the WBCSD’s ‘Urban Infrastructure Initiative’, working collaboratively with 10 cities around the world to find practical solutions to each city’s most important sustainability challenges. Arcadis are a co-chair for the programme and working with the WBCSD and member companies to deliver a ZEC solution. ARCA (Consorzio per l’Applicazione della Ricerca e la Creazione di Aziende innovative), established as a non-profit consortium in 2003, is a public-private partnership which manages the business incubator located within the University Campus of Palermo. ARCA promotes the startup and development of new entrepreneurial activities and spin-off and fosters innovation and technology transfer to the productive system, providing a set of complementary services within a structured methodology of incubation. “Welcome to Siracusa” is a project promoted by CNR in collaboration with Smart Services Cooperation Lab and its partners (CNR, AgID, MIUR and Telecom Italia) aiming at improving management, promotion and fruition of artistic, cultural and historical heritage of the city of Siracusa, through real time information and services to citizens and tourists. New technologies and a multimedia, multichannel approach allow an immersive experience of cultural heritage in the city. Lastminutesottocasa.it app linkes the community commitment to the smartphone users. The users will receive notifications if in the area some food seller is going to low the price of its products (because these goods are near to their expiration date).
Eutropian is a planning, policy and research organisation helping urban regeneration processes. It offers assistance to municipalities, NGOs and community groups in participatory planning, policy development as well as in fundraising, cooperations and communication. It is specialised in urban regeneration, cultural development, community participation, local economic development and social innovation, with a special focus on building development scenarios on existing resources. Orto Capovolto is a social cooperative born in Palermo in 2015 with the aim to create a community vegetable garden, both through the raising awareness of issues such as urban agriculture, food and environmental matter, and through the creation of Urban Farms (urban and suburban vegetable gardens and farms), according to different scales. The purpose is to test a better environmental, economic and social sustainability for cities and citizens. Urban Talent Lab is a non profit association born in 2014. Its mission is to define sustainable urban strategies for the underused or degraded territory, also involving people and public administrations in an urban co-creation process to create a shared vision and lead our cities to a smarter future.
Matrix of Linkages
URBAN THINKERS CAMPUS
8th OCTOBER 2015
PLENARY SESSION - DAY 1 NETWORKS FOR URBAN AND SOCIAL INNOVATION
CHAIRMAN VIVIANA CANNIZZO / Co-founder of Impact Hub Siracusa SPEAKERS MATTEO BETTOLI / Cooperative Development Manager at Confcooperative CoopUp ALESSANDRO CACCIATO / Project Manager at FARM Cultural Park EDOARDO CALIA / Deputy Director of Istituto Superiore Mario Boella CLAUDIO CALVARESI / Senior Consultant at Avanzi GIACOMO CORVISIERI / Head of Innovation & Research at Italtel UMBERTO DI MAGGIO / Regional Coordinator at LIBERA ARTUR SERRA / Research Director at Citilab
During the first plenary session we discussed about how virtual links allow us to be part of bigger discussions and how physical ones are crucial to trigger real opportunities to territories. The speakers were divided in two groups: anthropologists and sociologists on one hand and architects and engineers on the other. These two different perspectives demonstrated the importance of the interdisciplinary approach in the fields of service design. Mr. Bettoli started talking about the experience of his organization in supporting entrepreneurs and start-ups, delivering complex services. He focused on how big is the need of innovation for the cooperatives and how important is a persistent support for them. Mr. Di Maggio stressed the necessity to create networks in fighting all forms of mafia from the bottom and Mr. Calia, as a researcher and an engineer, focused on the importance of big and open data as a designing tool for political and strategical decisions. After him, Mr. Orlando, mayor of Palermo, talked longly about identities. For him the entire globe is our new city, so we should live watching and respecting all the other cultures. From Spain, Mr. Serra, showed his inspiring works with the citizens of CornellĂ , near Barcelona, and shared his preoccupation about the risk of the modern european culture to badly copy the silicon valley mindset in a static way. Mr. Cacciato showed the experience of FARM, in Favara, as an example of how much a little town can change, making little but participated artistic interventions. Finally, before the debate, Mr. Corvisieri and Mr. Calvaresi talked deeply about the essential role of citizens-centered politics and bottom-up strategies in the cities of the present and the future.
9th OCTOBER 2015
PLENARY SESSION - DAY 2 FUTURE CITY R&D CHAIRMAN SIMONE TULUMELLO / Post-Doc Research Fellow at AESOP YA and University of lisbon SPEAKERS MAURIZIO CARTA / Professor at University of Palermo GIUSEPPE COMPAGNO / Head of R&D at Palermo StMicroelectronics LUIGI ATZORI / Professor at University of Cagliari VIRGINIA FILIPPI / CEO at Ecare CARLO MEDAGLIA / Professor at Link Campus and CEO at Roma Mobilità GRAZIANO LEUZZI / Account Manager at Cisco System The session chaired by Arch. PhD Simone Tulumello was about the transdisciplinary research and the the role itself of Universities, research centres and companies in designing a better society. The first speaker was Palermo University Professor Maurizio Carta, who introduced his research about the Augmented City. He stated that it’s necessary to switch the current paradigm and build cities as open platforms, collaborative spaces. He showed many international examples (from New York to Munich, from London to Amsterdam), showing also which tools are needed to reach this new paradigm. Masterplans are no more needed, the way it’s the city forming approach. The role of Urban Planners is to direct flows in a complex world of top-down / bottom-up processes and multiple stakeholders. Mr. Compagno from STmicroelectronics, a global company with 4000 employees in Sicily, explained how they are developing the technology needed to enable the digital future of our cities. He underlined how the bottom up innovation made by Arduino motherboards gave them the push to develop new boards at more affordable prices. Professor Atzori brought his experience about University of Cagliari spin off projects. Greenshare is one of these: it’s a digital company that works on the urban mobility innovation domain. By leaving the academic papers and “going out of the building” they got important findings: mobile is the future of urban services, users do not read any guide and good partners are crucial to go to the market. Mrs. Virginia Filippi from eCare, a national company with more than 2000 people involved in CRM processes, pointed out the very big distance often divide the world of CRM and the world of public services. As consumers we are generally treated like kings, as public service users we are like vassals. The “Consumer is the king” approach has to became the smart citizens approach. It’s always an interaction among human beings, it’s always possible to improve the citizens experience. Professor Carlo Medaglia talked about the R&D and the design processes they are doing inside the Rome Mobility Agency. Rome is going to host the Jubilee and the already congested urban mobility is going to face 15 Million people more. They are working mainly on the empowerment of public transportation and systems that will provide meaningful information to the citizens and the pilgrims. Fostering people to better mobility behaviours is of course a powerful way to solve part of the problem. The last contribution was by Mr. Graziano Leuzzi from Cisco Systems, a global company with 2000 people working in Italy. He focused mainly on the concept of Smart and Connected Communities, underlining three pillars of this model: Economy, Social relations and the Environment. He pointed out how hard it is to manage innovation among different and closed domains (mobility, health, security…). He aimed an holistic approach to raise more values and effectively reach the people 26 needs.
10th OCTOBER 2015
PLENARY SESSION - DAY 3 RULES AND GAME CHANGER CHAIRMAN IGNAZIO VINCI / Professor at University of Palermo SPEAKERS JEAN BARROCA / Municipality of Fundao JESSE MARSH / Lead Partner at Atelier Studio Associato IVONNE JANSEN-DINGS / Project Manager at Waag Society FRANCESCO MOLINARI / Research associate at Politechnic University of Milan ALESSANDRO PIRANI / Partner at C.O. Gruppo
The third and last Plenary Session of the “City as a Service” Palermo Urban Thinkers Campus focused on the role of public administration in redesigning policies in order to encourage those innovation processes able to affect citizens’ life and to lead to a positive change. The session started with the keynote of Mr. Barroca, from the Municipality of Fundao, who presented the case of his city (located in the middle of the Portugal, with about 30.000 inhabitants). Fundao, in fact, thanks to a policy plan focused on the development and promotion of the territory, has become in the last year a vibrant and thriving center where culture, innovation, tourism and agriculture are marking the rebirth of the city. Afterwards Mr. Jesse Marsh focused his speech on the editorial project “Citizen-Driven Innovation”, developed by The World Bank in collaboration with ENoLL in 2015. The guidebook aims to bring citizen-driven innovation to policy makers and change agents around the globe, by spreading good practice on open and participatory approaches as applied to digital service development in different nations, climates, cultures, and urban settings. Mrs. Ivonne Jansen-Dings, project manager at Waag Society, talked about several projects run by her organization together with public bodies in the Netherlands. She presented several examples of technology driven innovation mixed with crowdsourcing approach and citizens involvement. She concluded her keynote by introducing the European task force “Code for Europe”, which strives to solve local civic challenges, by enabling agile temporary teams of developers to create solutions that are easily reusable in other European cities. The fourth speaker, Mr. Francesco Molinari, presented his current research titled “Frugal Government revisited”. Its aim is to investigate the potential of ‘true’ participation between local governments and civil society, to promote the generation of relational capital and stimulate both individual and collective learning, as well as behavioural change. The Plenary Session was closed by Mr. Alessandro Pirani, who talked about innovative strategies, based on gamification or other unconventional approaches, to encourage an active participation between the citizens and the public administration in the process of policy making.
8th OCTOBER 2015
BOOM POLMONI URBANI URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Boom Polmoni Urbani SPEAKERS CLAUDIA LA ROCCA / Member of Sicilian Regional Assembly ANDREA D’URSO / Phd in Urban Geography ANNAMARIA CRAPAROTTA / Multimedia and product designer ALESSANDRO CIULLA / Entrepreneur RAPPORTEUR CLAUDIA LA ROCCA / Member of Sicilian Regional Assembly The session aimed at presented the contest Boom Polmoni Urbani and its winner projects. Boom Polmoni Urbani is a concept contest aimed at finding strategies of urban transformation contrasting urban degradation and abandoned areas and offering an opportunity for residents’ appropriation of public spaces for recreational purposes. It was organized by Movimento 5 Stelle Sicilia, in association with Farm Cultural Park of Favara, and offered a 360.000€ prize for the three best urban regeneration projects to be carried out. The third winner of the contest is Trame di Quartiere of Catania, a project that provides a web series and drama workshop to be created in San Berillo, a degraded urban area of Catania. The second place winner project is Periferica of Mazara del Vallo (Trapani), which concerns a target area an ancient tuff quarry to be converted in public space suitable to receive many different recreational activities such as a multidisciplinary festival, an eco-friendly guestrooms and a re-cycle and vintage shop. Lastly, the first place project is the Street Art Eclettica of Caltanissetta, which has as a target area an old skating-rink to be converted in a cultural and street sports center as well as a community gathering space.
8th OCTOBER 2015
HOW TO IMPROVE CITIZENS’ LIFE THROUGH SERVICES URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS ILENIA TINNIRELLO / Co-founder & CTO at In.sight s.r.l MARCO CANNEMI / Project manager at Smart Donor IULIIA VOROBIOVA / EVS volunteer at CESIE RAPPORTEUR MARCO CANNEMI / Project manager at Smart Donor The session was focused on examples of innovative ideas created with the aim of improving people’s lives in Sicily. Three solutions have been presented. The first one is “Arianna”. The idea is the cycle between sensors, interconnection, storage and services. The goal is the connection (using mobile/wifi) between things, people and data. Arianna exploits the technology around us to support blind people and impaired people. The state of the art on indoor navigation shows low accuracy. The innovative solution is the use of the smartphone video to detect the lines of a path and the vibration of the smartphones to understand the direction. It also gives information about destinations and environment through QR code. The solution can be applied in sidewalks, airports, offices/malls, museums. A pilot project on a naturalistic trail has been achieved. Ongoing project is about museums and educational games. The second project is “Smart Donor”: it is the smart solution for the management of the blood donors activities and for the resources optimization of the blood transfusion operators. In Italy the blood demand is fulfilled with many differences in the number of the donations and in the organization and efficiency of the transfusion system. Ensuring the minimum level of self-sufficiency is related to the following social issues: - Low involvement of young people; - Gap between the spontaneity of voluntary blood donation and the compulsory local planning. The demographic trend is a key factor for both the blood demand and the donor recruitment: on the one hand the young people will become less over the next decades, on the other the overall population aging is likely to increase the blood demand. The lack of harmonization between the collection planning and the spontaneity of the donor creates an embarrassment for the donor, debasing the spirit of solidarity and compromising the future engagement due to a distant and incomprehensible programming strategy. The web-platform and app for smartphone and tablet offer a full set of functions to merge the information and social network with the promotion, planning and optimization of the blood collection. The Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), with EU funds, co-financed the Social Innovation Project “Smart Donor” and a working prototype has been developed and tested together with experts. The third solution is “Palermo City Workshop”. A 2 days workshop has been organized to solve two problems: garbage and mobility. Two teams carried out a brainstorming about the two issues. As regards mobility, the solution identified is the education about the rules with a personal approach. As regards garbage, the solution identified is a smart box together with the bicycle parking. The goal of the project is to motivate people to do something.
8th OCTOBER 2015
NEW ENERGY FOR NEW CITIES URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS FABIO MONTAGNINO / Managing director at Consorzio ARCA RAPPORTEUR GIUSEPPE SPATARO / Freelance Project Manager The Urban Lab “New Energy for new cities” raised some particular challenges on how distributed energy generation, energy saving and harvesting, new building technologies, smart grids and microgrids can help cities and their communities to become more sustainable, both economically and environmentally. The central idea of the Lab focused on how innovative approaches to energy generation and management, arising from foreign experiences, can open new economical perspective for startups and existing firms, including the local communities into the value network. Examples of corporate models shifting towards business models with widespread production that involves directly households and private users or cooperative and community based companies in which local residents share ownership and profits of the energy generation, could represent viable patterns to a more sustainable and scalable paradigm of energy consumption and generation. Even nonprofit NGOs may be a sustainable model where the revenues of the sold energy are reinvested into the expansion of the service network. The main issue is how to change the paradigm from a centralized production approach, in which citizens are seen as users of a provided service, to more participative models of production that take in consideration returns in terms of investments, and empowerment of both human and natural capitals. The participants shared some interesting views and personal experiences and pointed out the need of a restored trust between citizens, public makers and companies in communities, so cooperative models could be possible and the demand for a clear and forward-looking public legislation on the subject. The debate highlighted the necessity of a new paradigm of social interactions more than a technological one. Smart technologies are available, but smart minded communities are yet to be ready for them. But Rome wasn’t built in a day, so the discussion could follow on a open platform provided by the Consorzio Arca within the STS-Med ENPI project in which citizens, researchers and professionals will be asked to suggest new ideas and solutions on how the new paradigms of distributed energy generation and management can be deployed in different social and geographical contexts.
8th OCTOBER 2015
SMART CITIES, SERVICE PROVIDING AND URBAN POLICIES/POLITICS URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Aesop Young Academics Network SPEAKERS ANGELA OBERG / PhD Candidate at Rutgers University TARU JAIN / Assistant Professor at School of Planning and Architecture, New Dehli DEZSÖ VAJTHO / Master Student at Utrecht University FABIO IAPAOLO / PhD Candidate at University of Lisbon MAHAK AGRAWAL / Master Student at School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi MENDEL GIEZEN / Assistant Professor at Utrecht University RAPPORTEUR MOHAMED SALEH / PhD candidate at AESOP YA and University of Groningen The session was devoted to look into the interrelationships between, and critique of the Smart Cities’ concept and the urban policies/politics directed to service-providing. Stemming from this aim, the session had accommodated five presentations, covering two general themes within various geographical contexts; (1) empirical opportunities and limitations of Smart City approach, and the role of ICT to face urban challenges, (2) Urban policies regarding health and human waste in contexts of rapid urbanization, namely the Indian crisis of sewage and sanitation. Dezsö Vajtho (Utrecht University) had presented a new approach to take into account while advocating the concept of Smart City, which is the social and human factors, namely how to make use of technology and ICT to enhance the social sustainability of future cities. Then he elaborated on his research plans to assess this concept in five chosen cities across Europe. Fabio Iapaolo (University of Lisbon) had discussed the penetration of technology and online applications in all levels of our daily urban life. Thus, citizens develop their truth about themselves through indulging in these mediums, especially the strand of gamification. In this regard, he critically addressed the political implications of this strand. Arguing to see what lies beyond the solutionist approaches. Taru Jian (New Delhi) had presented an empirical study of the Indian government’s intention to invest in applying the Smart City approach to a myriad of existing and future cities. After advancing a chronological trajectory to link this recent intention with preceding policies, she had elaborated on the obstacles and hazards that the government would face if they proceeded with these plans. Angela Oberg (Rutgers University) has interrogated the mainstream understanding of the problem of human waste through probing the the political economy of sewage in Agra, India. After conducting many research interviews and fieldwork observations, she had delineated various undermined aspects within the Indian society that triggered the sewage crisis. Mahak Agrawal (New Delhi) had emphasized more on the struggle of India with sewage. She approached this sanitation deprivation as an indicator of poverty and continued to present the multi-layered implications of this deprivation across three historical eras. Highlighting the rooted reasons to locate the toilets outside the houses, and criticizing the current policies of adhocism. After the presentations, the researchers had engaged in an active debate with the audience. The questions and responses with regard to the Smart City them were all feeding into the idea of how to bring technology closer to people (humanization). Also the discussion went to suggest finding new ways to better integrate the contemporary social life (and it’s continuous innovation) into the digital and ICT mediums. With regard the theme of human waste and sanitation, common suggestions have emerged towards a more in-depth and broader analysis of the crisis. That is to listen more to the people and incorporate their words in the policies, and to develop more efficient mechanism of monitoring the constructed infrastructure to ensure their good performance. 38
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OPEN TOUR - HOW TO BRING THE COLLABORATIVE TOURISTIC APP IN YOUR CITY URBAN LAB/ ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS MIRKO MIGNINI/ Backend developer at PUSH DOMENICO SCHILLACI / Associate managing director at PUSH RAPPORTEUR ELENA DE FRANCISCI / Copywriter at PUSH Open Tour is a collaborative project that aims to develop an international community for the creation and dissemination of tourist sights’ datasets in Open Data format. The goal is to provide a mobile service that allows travelers to plan short personalized tours starting from their available time, location, interests. Through a single mobile app, in fact, the datasets available for every city can be downloaded and used even in offline mode, overcoming the Internet access problems that can affect tourists traveling outside their country, where telephone operators don’t guarantee connectivity. For each city, the dataset construction, updating and translation will be handled by the community members; all datasets are available on the web portal where they can be downloaded or modified, based on Wikipedia’s collaborative model. Open Tour is based on an ad-hoc Open Data standard called Open Tourist Sites. OTS is an open standard for the cataloging and management of tourist sites within a given city. During the first part of the Lab, the project has been presented and the OTS standard has been described. The second part was dedicated to explain how to became an Open Tour contributor and how to develop the dataset for a city.
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URBAN CINEMA URBAN LAB / ORGANIZED BY The Piranesi Experience MODERATOR SALVATORE DI DIO / Managing director at PUSH RAPPORTEUR ELENA DE FRANCISCI / Copywriter at PUSH The session used the powerful medium of the cinema to better tackle some relevant topics of cities and guided the participants through different urban scales and issues. From the most relevant globally asked questions to some experience that presents possible solutions, from communities that react with ingenuity to global problems to people that are willing to design different developing paradigms and build a better future. The first movie was “Urbanized” by Gary Hustwit: a documentary about the design of cities, which looks at the issues and strategies behind urban design and features some of the world’s foremost architects, planners, policymakers, builders and thinkers. The following documentary was “Sustainable Urban Living: A South American Case Study” by Peter Beeh. It looks at the management of city waste, the planning of urban parks, an integrated transportation system, a practical support scheme for low income workers and the establishment of a vibrant city mall. “The Power of Community - How Cuba Survived Peak Oil”, by Faith Morgan, explored the Special Period in Peacetime and its outcome; the economic collapse and eventual recovery of Cuba following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Following the dramatic steps taken by both the Cuban government and citizens, its major themes included urban agriculture, energy dependence, and sustainability. Lastly, two trailers: “Design means business - Design Disruptors” by Catalyst - that shows how design has become the new language of business - and Borgo Vecchio Factory, a documentary about a social innovation project done in Palermo that mixed up informal learning, street art and new media.
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INNOVATING ON METAMORPHOSIS OF CITIES FEATURED BY SPECIAL VULNERABILITY URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Kore University of Enna SPEAKERS TULLIO GIUFFRÈ/ Associate Professor at Kore University of Enna GIANLUCA BURGIO / Professor at Kore University of Enna PERE FUERTES / Full Professor at Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya GABRIELE FRENI / Associate Professor at Kore University of Enna Maria Nùria Sabaté / Professor at Universitàt Politecnica de Catalunya RAPPORTEUR ROBERTA MARINO / PhD Student at Kore University of Enna The session aimed to show how in the Mediterranean cities, it can be possible to increase their social, environmental and architectural dimension. In the Mediterranean cities, these urban systems will be actually brought back to three major fields: metamorphosis of the city, e-mobility and re-thinking the environment. City’s metamorphosis can be made throughout the re-inhabiting of domestic spaces. It is in fact necessary conceiving habitability through collective solutions and proposals simultaneously and transversally at all levels, from the city to the room, reclaiming the values of the private as a challenge to the reigning social network and atomization. One way to approach urban regeneration is to reuse buildings. To have a complete metamorphosis however it is also necessary re-inhabiting the public space; this speech focus on the potential domesticated street and their capacity to host an “improved habitability” considering habitability as the quality of liveable spaces at all scales. This approach can re-activate cities locally without consuming new land resources. Another goal for city metamorphosis focused during the session was re-inhabiting landscape. The overall vision should be to reconnect each Mediterranean City with its historic role as a port and marketplace, preserving tradition, diversity and landscape. The necessary regeneration of cities should be based on new public infrastructures, prioritize pedestrian role, smooth of vehicle access, improvement of public spaces. The third field investigated in the session was e-mobility. The main innovative aspect in terms of mobility, is to design public transport as the key of a long-term urban strategy sustainability. During the session the speaker illustrated different equipments for public transport network and some forecast advancing of Palermo upgrading in mobility patterns. Through a spatial and analytical approach, were proposed some key-factors to debate what direction a marginal, vulnerable and overspread, Mediterranean city should take in order to face the new challenges of our century. Finally the last speaker of the session focused on the preservation and the social use of environment. Urban water cycle is critically influenced by the city texture. Soil sealing, increase in water demand, heat islands are the main processes that are determined by uncontrolled urbanization influencing the water cycle. The most evident effect of such processes is related to the increase of the magnitude and frequency of pluvial flooding. During the session were discussed smart technologies for flooding forecasting and mitigation highlighting the advantages in the use of networks of sensors and actuators to actively manage urban water systems thus reducing flooding damage. 44
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MAPPATHON FOR SHARED KNOWLEDGE URBAN LAB/ ORGANIZED BY Open Data Sicilia SPEAKERS CIRO SPATARO / Active member of Open Data Sicilia JESSE MARSH / Lead Partner at Atelier Studio Associato RAPPORTEUR CIRO SPATARO / Active member of Open Data Sicilia The mappathon initiative was intended to share easy to learn digital competences in order to provide all participants skills for creating community mapping. The mappathon facilitates the sharing of knowledge and stimulate the creation of data culture. Societies are entering in the era of DATA DRIVEN CITIES, a new culture that empower people and government in taking the best decision in daily life. It was made a presentation on how to make a digital relationship between a dataset in Google Drive and the web mapping platform uMap in order to get updated maps. The tool used to create this relationship is the GUARDIAN DATASTORE EXPLORER. It was identify an interesting Tutorial in italian language (by Andrea Borruso) that explains procedures to follow for creating the relationship. It was also spent time talking, in a shared way, about the need to create public repositories online to host datasets built by citizens. Every citizen has a specific knowledge of the territory, if it is collected in dataset and maps and infographics, it creates huge social and cultural value for every single member of society, even for the public institutions interested in updating the territorial data. Crowdsourced datasets represents a sort of real social and cultural innovation. It is proactive citizenship and could improve the quality of social relationship creating the base for a new innovation ecosystem. Crowdsourced datasets empower the solidity of networks. It was discussed about the need of build these repositories by means of private vs public initiative. Public initiative could be less effective than private in terms of: 1. 2. 3.
Time to make things to be approved by P.A. (public administration) employees/manager, Financial resources to be found by P.A. that nowadays suffer of financial availability, Low level P.A. expertise for managing digital platform to be used to host the citizen dataset.
Private initiatives is mainly driven by passion of citizens to create something the could be useful for everyone: this could be a win-win approach. Crowdfunding activity and enterprises partnership today can solve the financial problems to create and maintain the digital platform to host the citizen dataset. The event was closed with the shared idea/proposal of opendata web community and PUSH developer team to build and lauch a paltform to host citizens dataset.
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ENERGY IS THE LIFE BLOOD OF OUR SOCIETY URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS GUIDO NOTO / Phd candidate at University of Palermo NICK HAYES / Head of Sustainability at Arcadis ENRICO POCHETTINO / Head of Internationalization and Innovation Department at IREN SEBASTIANO PROVENZANO / Partner of Provenzano Architetti Associati RAPPORTEUR SILVIA RIGNANESE / Fellow in communication at PUSH The Session focused on energy optimization and smart transportation planning. The fuel (the software) of our cities is energy, and it touches transversally all the basic urban services: “the city we need” should have a new energy balance, with a long-term awareness at both civic and administrational level. It means that there is a need of investing in the reals needs of people, caring about them and about their lives. Instead of creating new random needs, the city should organize its services in a smarter way, creating services in the suburban areas, anticipating the people changes by reading and understanding the available data. Sustainability and optimization are key concept in this vision of the city, especially if we’re talking about long lasting changes, the session focused on some concrete examples. Mr. Pochettino introduced the IREN heat storage system, which network allows the storage of excess thermal energy produced in cogeneration plants (at night) and feeding back this excess to the same network during peak periods (early morning). Mr. Hayes presented the “Zero Emission Cities” project, talking about Amsterdam and Birmingham as concrete cases, which goal is to work with at least 20 cities by 2020, and transform city energy systems to drive implementation. Mr. Noto introduced the need of a strategic transports planning, which performances are fundamental for a good urban, social and economical development: by organizing or creating local services based on the real needs of people, a city should ensure an efficient system of transportation. Mr. Provenzano outlined the possibility in creating an alternative transportation system by using the maritime coast of the cities: talking about Palermo, in which this system was used before the second world war, there is a need to move quicker avoiding urban traffic and to revalue the link with the sea, that citizens seems to have lost. This examples shows a win-win system, in which the aim is to avoid wastefulness: the investments are covered if we consider a longer reference period, the users pay less for a more efficient service and the sustainability is guaranteed by a minor impact on resources.
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A SQUARE IS NOT JUST A SQUARE URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS FRANCESCO LIPARI / Architect at OFL Architecture LORENZO TOMASI / Technologist at CNR GIACOMO BIRAGHI / Founder of Secolo Urbano RAPPORTEUR ELENA DE FRANCISCI / Copywriter at PUSH The session was focused on the process of redesigning of existing spaces, a crucial aspect in the improvement of the living condition of the urban centres. Different solutions were presented. Francesco Lipari, architect, proposed the idea of the Emotional City. By mapping the city from an emotional point of view, he designed a various ways of experiencing the space, mixing simple technologies and human feelings. The interactive garden Sainthorto, for example, was created with a synergy between architecture, music, crafted design and - of course - nature. The garden is composed by a wood modular structure that can fit in a huge range of places. An arduino collects data and allows a technological and interactive use of the garden: it sends a tweet when the soil is dry, and by answering it irrigates the plants. Another project, Wunderbugs, aims at creating a new link between humans, cities and nature. Little ecosystems of bugs are placed in a design wooden structure and again, an arduino collects data that are converted into music. Every ecosystem has a different sound and it helps people not being scared by the insects. A more technological-oriented perspective was presented by Lorenzo Tomasi. Currently involved into the project “Renewable Energy and ICT for Sustainability”, Tomasi presented the solutions experimented in two different italian cities: Siracusa and Bologna. Aim of the project is transforming these cities in smart ones. Tomasi presented the project “Welcome to Siracusa” composed by a website, a mobile app and public displays that could guide the tourists in the city, whose cultural heritage was wide but not easily “usable” by the tourists. In Bologna the application of technologies was aimed at improving the public bus service, by using sensors that collected data at every bus stop. Last, Giacomo Biraghi presented a project for the city of Milan: Milan Orbital Park. Biraghi showed how in Milan there is a green ring that surrounds the city, composed by a great number of little public parks, that no one apparently noticed. He provocatively suggested to find a huge sponsor that would name the park after itself (e.g. “Samsung Orbital Park”), just to give to the city a new perspective upon its green space.
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PROMISED LANDS - HOW RESIDUAL URBAN MATTERS CAN PROMPT CITY REGENERATION URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY The University of Palermo SPEAKERS ZEILA TESORIERE / Associate professor at University of Palermo RENZO LECARDANE / Associate professor at University of Palermo MANFREDI LEONE / Associate professor at University of Palermo RAPPORTEUR ZEILA TESORIERE / Associate professor at University of Palermo Founded in the contemporary debate concerning resilient architectural design practices, this session described how peculiar urban materials, generally regarded as useless, can be recycled to act as city regeneration tools, strengthening their physical and architectural dimension. In Palermo, these urban systems have been brought back to three major frames: (Tesoriere) The linear sequence of leftover, fragmented spaces that ordinary complements sheer size urban freeways, coupled to the variety of ordinary buildings they display and to the dramatic absence of public space, as shown by Viale Regione Siciliana in Palermo. Over the past three decades, an increasing relation has emerged between motorways regeneration and urban renewal. Shortly evoking analogous examples - concerning not only European cities - the goal has been to suggest a strategy to apply this approach in Palermo. To really embrace a sustainable scenario, we require an approach oriented to enabling the urban realm to regenerate itself, its resources and capitals throughout its architecture. [Lecardane) A second frame concerned some strategies connected to Great Events. Whether if this police has been established during the past century, the contemporary issues relating to environment and sustainability are nowadays reframing the subject. A large site going from the northern edge of the city centre, parallel to the coastline, is set to simulate the hosting of a Great Event. In order to hold an Event that strongly reassess oneâ€™s city urban structure, the basilar premise is a clearly expressed long-term strategy, engaging a large collection of existing urban objects to encompass by a new thematic approach. (Leone) Parco Uditore has been regarded as specific case study highlighting new trends in lowbudget and participatory landscape architecture practices. Bottom-up and low cost policies define a best practice scenario to involve citizens towards a full recovery of open spaces never used before. Through a spatial and figurative approach, this session proposed some key-factors to debate what direction a marginal, shrinking city should take in order to face the new challenges of our era. In the city we need, bottom-up processes can really influence political decisions and the sustainable architecture is definitely not the juxtaposition of certified green buildings, but a vivid, complex city which combines new mobility, density and living public space in a long term project. Far from the modernityâ€™s chess box of mono-functional and mono-temporal buildings, its architecture should be hybrid, multifunctional, and its spatial politics should sustain circular economies.
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WE WILL BE WHAT WE WILL EAT URBAN THINKERS SESSION SPEAKERS CLAUDIA RIZZO/ Co-founder of Orto Capovolto GIUSEPPE LA FARINA / Project manager at CESIE ALBERTO BIONDO / Project manager at Centro per lo Sviluppo Creativo “Danilo Dolci” STEFANO LA BARBERA / Founder and CTO at Lastminutesottocasa RAPPORTEUR SILVIA RIGNANESE / Fellow in communication at PUSH The session focused on creative bottom-up ways to manage food and related aspects to it, in the “city we need”. Many innovative ideas take birth, especially in marginal contexts as Palermo, where the need of more efficient services meets the fresh energy of young people. Awake people awareness and build a stronger sense of community are two aspects related to the territory, and marginal contexts in general: food can be a strong tool to bring innovation directly to each citizen. The speakers presented their own concrete projects and experiences in this field, underlining the need, that the Mediterranean area has, to experiment and to a creative problem-solving approach, which passes through cultural exchange and non-formal education. Mrs. Rizzo presented Orto Capovolto, a project that aims to create urban gardens on private balconies and “empty common areas”, in one district of Palermo. Encouraging people to produce their own food seems to be an educational and a cultural challenge: acting in Sicily means to act in a strongly conservative culture, where the waste and consumption is a reflection of years of administrational vacuum, speculation and corruption on these urban areas. Mr. La Barbera’s speech followed these considerations and linked the community commitment to the smartphone users. The app developed by Lastminutesottocasa allow users to receive notifications if in their area some food seller is going to low the price of its products because they are near to their expiration date. Every day a huge quantity of food is wasted and throw away, a solution is urgent and necessary, especially in these southern cities. Mr. La Farina and Mr. Biondo presented several different projects of intercultural meetings and youngster exchanges, focusing on food and related activities. Thanks to global awareness and Erasmus+ projects the mobility is increased and people are encouraged to “meet the difference” and its culture. A strong sense of community and identity passes through food, these kind of meetings seems to work well on any kind of community target. In general the speaker agreed on the lack of commitment by a big part of the local community, seen as a cultural closure, and the slowness of this process, due to a bad administration.
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SOCIAL INNOVATION AND URBAN POLICY URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Avanzi SPEAKERS CLAUDIO CALVARESI / Special Consultant at Avanzi RAPPORTEUR ELENA DONAGGIO / Staff of Deputy Mayor for Town Planning, Building and Agriculture - Municipality of Milan As defined, the Lab addressed the topic of social innovation. Particularly it presented and discussed practices that are emerging from local communities to deal with social needs, create new social webs and improve actors’ capacities. The lab allowed to share and enrich the assumptions of the project ‘Signals for a future’. The signals are changes that are occurring in the provision of public services, in the ways we work and we move, in the manners we live, in the creation of more dense social webs, in how we produce and consume culture. They are hybrid, not easy to define, but not necessarily they are looking for a definition. Their hybrid nature does not allow to categorize them easily. Clusters just are the “entry point” to interpret the practices. In most cases, the clusters represent the first phase of innovations that pass through different stages along their life cycle. The signals come from new ideas, but are also reinterpretation of old things, because they reinvent, re-cycle, re-use tools, practices, instruments that were already at our disposal. They are generated by something that somebody have learnt, from skills and capacities that after a certain period of time had been abandoned or not fully exploited. The signals arise from good questions. And we have only tentative responses to them. They do not represent the mainstream, because they do not want to be mainstreamed. They are open innovations. The actors that are promoting such practices put together in a creative way different pieces: problems. resources, opportunities, other actors. The output is often surprising, because at a first glance those pieces would not stay together. Sometimes the signals are products of improvisation. Before starting, the final output was not clear, and so even during the process. The promoters wanted to start, with a not fully defined idea about the final destination of their journey. They are the outputs of new urban makers, because the makers are those that follow through the decision-making process from the design to the implementation stage. They are always generated by reflective behaviours, via accumulation and selection, and contribute to make the city smarter. But this kind of smartness is not that of the technological devices. It comes from the intelligence of society. They produce commons, often without any kind of relation with the public sector. They are actually anomalous, and for this reason are innovative. We do not know how to classify them, and for this reason we are curious about them.
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INFORMALITY AND BOTTOM-UP ORGANIZATION IN THE AGE OF TECHNOLOGY URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Aesop Young Academics Network SPEAKERS DAVID BEHAR / Lecturer at Technion-Israel Institute of Technology ANTHONY BOANADA-FUCHS / Post-doc Researcher at University of Sao Paulo VANESSA BOANADA FUCHS / Academic Project Manager at University of St Gallen LEONORA GRCHEVA / Planner at UN-HABITAT MICHELE VIANELLO / Assistant Professor at International Balkan University RAPPORTEUR SIMONE TULUMELLO / Post-Doc Research Fellow at AESOP YA and University of Lisbon This session was the second of two organized by the AESOP Young Academics network under the overall goal of providing a critical space to debate the overarching theme of ‘City as a Service’ and, specifically, the technological dimension of urban governance, management and cohabitation. Specifically, this session was devoted to the relationships between technology (and especially ICTs), bottom-up organization, radical practices (especially in informal settings) and urbanization challenges. Three presentations were given. David Behar (Technion, Israel Institute of Technology) discussed the rise of technological surveillance in contemporary urban societies and the effects in terms of growing mutual suspicion and social fragmentation. Suggesting to shift the understanding of security from an individual towards a collective right, David envisioned a different vision of playful public spaces capable of supporting community-driven security practices. Anthony Boanada-Fuchs (University of São Paulo) and Vanessa Boanada Fuchs (University of St Gallen) suggested to look at the challenges of urbanization in the Global South and at successful planning and urban governance practices in cities such as Ahmedabad, Curitiba, Medellin, Cape Town and Karachi. Building on these cases, the authors advocated for a decolonization of urban theory, too often grounded on Western theories. Leonora Grcheva (UN Habitat) and Michele Vianello (Balkan University) presented two cases of bottom-up practices of data collection (community mapping and enumerations) in informal settlements in Nairobi. Assuming a perspective of mutual learning, the authors then suggested how similar practices could contribute to improvement of local conditions in Roma informal settlements in Skopje. The presentations were followed by a lively debate about themes such as ownership of data, knowledge-creation, the role of academics and the meaning of core concepts such as community. A general consensus emerged on the importance of community-based data generation, data gathering and data ownership as means of democratic empowerment; or on the fact that academics should be favoring community based empowerment through assistance in data elaboration and knowledge dissemination across communities/places. All in all, main lesson learned is that careful, engaged studies in places at the margins of mainstream globalization trends is paramount for the production of a deeper understanding of challenges linked to the spreading of technology and urbanization. 58
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THE CITY AS A SERVICE INTENSIVE SCHOOL URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS DOMENICO SCHILLACI / Associate Managing Director at PUSH GIUSEPPE SPATARO / Freelance Project Manager MICHELE ANZALONE / PhD in Urban Planning at University of Palermo DEBORAH NAVARRA / Co-Founder of urbanITA SHARON D’AMBROSIO / Co-Founder of urbanITA IULIA VOROBIOVA / EVS volunteer at CESIE IOLANDA SPATARO / Freelance Information Designer RAPPORTEUR GIUSEPPE SPATARO / Freelance Project Manager The Urban Lab “The city as a service intensive school”, hosted by Domenico Schillaci, from PUSH, was organized to give the opportunity to the students of the school “City as a Service” to share the solutions to urban challenges developed during the nine-days course that took place in Erice (Sicily) from the 25th September to 3rd October. Following a brief presentation of the idea behind the intensive school made by Domenico Schillaci, two of the students, Giuseppe Spataro and Michele Anzalone, shared with the audience a personal reconstruction of the experience and the lesson learned during the nine-days program. Beside the intellectual enrichment and the professional elevation both presentation emphasized the importance of the human factors in inducing the quality of the output of the team’s work and the overall sensibility towards the human centered design as a medium to challenge urban issues. The four teams, who elaborated their ideas and developed a possibile service for a urban community need during the intensive school, had than the opportunity to present their pitch to the public. Sharon D’Ambrosio presented LikeaLocal: a web service that integrates newcomers into communities quickly, by providing visual system of experience suggestions created by the citizens of communities. Iulia Vorobiova introduced TeachMeAbit: An innovative way of learning by Teaching. Young students will have the opportunity to choose the subject, produce their lessons and share their contents through the web. Deborah Navarra illustrated UrbanWin : a game that aims to reactivate marginalized urban spaces through missions that allow players to be actors of the urban regenerations. Iolanda Spataro explained NeighbourGood : A technological system that allow citizens to find the neighbourhood that suits their needs. Some interesting feedbacks were given in the Q&A session that followed each pitch and the curiosity showed by the audience gave the teams an infusion of optimism to carry on the ideas presented. 60
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URBAN ART AS AN ENGINE OF TRANSFORMATION FOR CITIES URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS MAURO FILIPPI / Project Manager at PUSH MARCO MONDINO / PhD Student at University of Palermo LUISA TUTTOLOMONDO / Co-Founders of Associazione SgUarDi Urbani ANGELA SOLARO / Co-Founders of Associazione SgUarDi Urbani RAPPORTEUR MAURO FILIPPI / Project Manager at PUSH In recent years we saw a worldwide boom of urban art in all its forms: from street art to urban performances, from street theaters to wool shoes on the trees. This phenomenon has swept everything like a tsunami and in no time has sown victims and cultivated lands. We have witnessed a veritable explosion of experiments and innovations spanning a series of immeasurable records. In about two decades, urban art is passed from the condition of illegality of the graffiti of the Bronx to the political propaganda and institutional elite supported by the richest governments. The examples are several and interpretations vary from context to context, nevertheless this session investigated the phenomenon of urban art as an engine of transformation for cities in three specific ways: SEMIOTIC - the disruption of visual routine in the hermeneutical circle and the meaning of urban signs. Starting from a sequence of observations and microanalysis realized between Palermo and Parigi the research of Mr. Mondino intended to consider the concentrations of street art in different areas of the city in order to reflect about visual rhetoric strategies and effects of sense. SOCIAL the relationship between physical and social spaces: between marginalization and identity. Miss Tuttolomondo and Miss Solaro talked about opportunities and impacts coming from the practice of street art as a tool of social intervention in marginal contexts. They showed their last experiences in two different cities: Z.E.N. neighborhood in Palermo and Cidade industrial de Curitiba - sul in Curitiba, both affected by social-economical conditions of marginality. POLITICAL - the democratic nature of the public art: Mr. Filippi showed the example of Borgo Vecchio factory in Palermo as an innovative approach to the informal education and the reduction of early school leaving through urban art labs financed by a crowdfunding campaign.
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INSTAGARDENS LAB - COMMUNITY GARDENS TURN VIRAL URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Urban Talent Lab SPEAKERS LAURA NIGRO / Building Engineer and Architect at Urban Talent Lab SERGIO TARQUINIO / Engineer at Urban Talent Lab BENEDETTO TARANTINO / Architect at duequadro / nomad2 RAPPORTEUR LAURA NIGRO / Building Engineer and Architect at Urban Talent Lab During our lab we initially took some time to introduce participants to our work, principles of urban regeneration and mechanisms of social Instagram. Later with the help of an expert, we invited our guests to take a walk on Cantieri Culturali della Zisa and take some pictures for them to interpret issues of urban regeneration. From their spontaneous interpretation of the theme, we could draw the following conclusions: Abandoned places exert attraction on people. People like to imagine they can change and / or improve very degraded places in gathering places. The use of flower and vegetable gardens is identified as a key element in the regeneration of a space. Even indoor spaces may be protagonists in regeneration interventions: the realization of shops, exhibition places and cafes can just be an example. A romantic abandoned places has particular aesthetic characteristics overall perceived as a “value”. Items recovered from past activities can help in making an interesting space, for example, Fences deter the occupation of a public place because they “force” to seek an entry. Human unconscious usually don’t associates public spaces with barriers. Factors that have a historical significance as monuments, large trees, even to get to brownfield elements can be central in a regeneration intervention generating around them a sense of belonging, value and interest. Some materials more than others can interpret the concept of urban regeneration: these include the wood. After this first research led in a “limited” community (our lab) we feel ready to continue to investigate these issues and to interpret the inputs provided to us by the larger community of Instagram in a photo contest entitled “Instagardenslab”. The photographs entered in the contest can be viewed on the company seeking the hashtag valid #instagardenslab.
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THE SEVERAL FUTURES OF CITY PLANNING URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY PUSH SPEAKERS VALENTINA VACCARO / PhD student at University of Palermo LORENZO LUNARDO / Founder and Administrator of Renurban IREM AYRANCI ONAY / Freelance researcher GIANMARIA SOCCI / Architect at Ines Bajardi RAPPORTEUR GIANMARIA SOCCI / Architect at Ines Bajardi The speakers have presented their own perspectives on innovative strategies of city planning. The session was well balanced having two academics and two professionals. Valentina Vaccaro has presented a comprehensive analysis of the state of art implementation of smart apps and multiservice infrastructure in P.A. listing several case studies. Lorenzo Lunardo presented the work of his company Renurban which offers a free and integrated platform shared between P.A., nonprofits and social network users with the goal of making governance processes more transparent and non profit initiatives more visible. Irem Ayranci Onay talked about her Ph.D. thesis, analysis and ossessing the use of â€œMonitoring and Evaluatingâ€? techniques in urban planning in a comparative study between Berlin and Instabul, highlighting strengths and weaknesses of both situations. Gianmaria Socci has presented the outcome of his research and design work in Rio de Janeiro and Athens, suggesting a new approach to urban design in which public space leaves room to improvisation and spontaneous appropriation by the citizens as a mean of resilience and inclusiveness.
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MARKETPLACES LOCAL HUBS URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY Eutropian SPEAKERS DANIELA PATTI / Co-founder of Eutropian LEVENTE POLYAK / Co-founder of Eutropian CARMELA DACCHILLE / Edizioni Precarie NAIDA SAMONĂ€ / Palermo StrEat Tour RAPPORTEUR LEVENTE POLYAK / Co-founder of Eutropian The aim of the workshop was to discuss about the role of markets in our cities and how these could be regenerated, when needed, by maintaining the social and economic accessibility of its services. The session started with a presentation by Eutropian on the work carried out in Rome, where local markets are suffering of both structural and functional inadequacy to contemporary needs, therefore often offering very few stools in degraded structures during limited times of the day. In the last years much effort has been made together with other organisations in order to promote a new way of offering services in local markets. Various stakeholders have been involved, such as local farmers, solidarity purchase groups as well as other realities active in the city, so to rethink the functional and spatial mix, aiming at developing a more integrated plan. The exchange with Edizioni Precarie, that produces publications with paper from markets, and Palermo StrEat Tour, that organises gastronomic tours in the historical markets, allowed to access a specific insight in the Palermo case. Here, markets are still known for the vibrancy but currently are undergoing a rapid gentrification, as the case of Vucciria which has become an open air linear club or BallarĂ˛ where daily market and bar nightlife still coexist. Il Capo instead is currently transforming and could offer a new and more integrated model of nightlife and daily market. The workshop concluded with a site visit and aperitivo to Il Capo market with the workshop participants, the perfect ending!
9th OCTOBER 2015
FLEXIBLE FREEWAY TOWARDS A SMART INFRA-NATURE URBAN THINKERS SESSION / ORGANIZED BY In_FRA LAB SPEAKERS ZEILA TESORIERE / Associate professor at University of Palermo FRANCESCA ALAMIA / IN_FRA Lab Partner and Architecture Student SERGIO MARCECA / IN_FRA Lab Partner and Architecture Student ENRICA CALABRESE / IN_FRA Lab Partner and Architecture Student SIMONA MARCHELLO / Architect and Partner of In_FRA Lab RAPPORTEUR SIMONA MARCHELLO / Architect and Partner of In_FRA Lab Fifty years after the evocation of “Autopia” by Reiner Banham, rather than to embody the modern value of never-ending speed, urban freeways increasingly face ecological and recycling processes. Following the tips provided by a growing number of European examples, this workshop focused on the potential conversion of the ring-road of Palermo in a renovated urban boulevard. The workshop has been based on an ongoing research developed by In-FRA lab, a research unit founded at the University of Palermo by prof. Z. Tesoriere, one of whose case-study concerns how to transform contemporary city’s ring-roads in a new kind of infrastructure, that hybridizes itself with architecture and public space. An introductory session described the main hypothesis of the workshop, that is the several unexpected properties that this artery, cutting through the urban core of Palermo, paradoxically owns. These properties reside in the large number of linear voids along both sides of the artery, that can easily be engaged in the definition of a new concept of public space. Guided by the In_FRA lab’s members, a group of nearly 30 participants gave response to some main aspects concerning how to transform this ring-road, mostly concerning how to mix activities in new public buildings, in order to implement cycles and temporalities, and what model better elaborate for reinventing public space in such urban sites. The whole workshop has been based on a figurative methodology. The basis for the discussion has been some plans to localize new project areas and some architectural design already elaborated to experiment the transformation. Then, participants have laid down some new design scenarios for some areas bordering the urban freeway, by applying basics collage techniques, relying on a set of digitally edited photographs, a range of samples constructed to elicit their response (generic built elements evoking spaces and activities, basic images to employ in composing what-if scenarios…). The results show how a multifaceted redevelopment project could replace the often adverse qualities of this infrastructure shaping a new linear urban material, acting as a vector for further regenerating actions. Moreover, they express the need to strongly embed public space, green areas, public facilities and private activities in a new paradigm of architectural artefact, embodying a new public space. Therefore, it is over, around, under and along the nodes and lines of those urban transport vector that lies this new and necessary kind of civic space.
URBAN THINKERS CAMPUS
WORLD URBAN CAMPAIGN Palermo, the capital of the autonomous region of Sicily, is a dynamic Southern Italy reality endowed with an extraordinary cultural and architectural heritage. The outstanding background of this regional city comes out from a thousandyear unique history with a notable succession of cultures ruling over, throughout much of its existence.
MINISTERO DELLO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO The Ministry of Economic Development is responsible for a wide variety of policies, including economic development and cohesion, energy and mineral resources, telecommunications, internationalisation and business incentives. It is headed by Minister Federica Guidi.
COMUNE DI PALERMO Palermo, the capital of the autonomous region of Sicily, is a dynamic Southern Italy reality endowed with an extraordinary cultural and architectural heritage. The outstanding background of this regional city comes out from a thousandyear unique history with a notable succession of cultures ruling over, throughout much of its existence.
ORDINE DEGLI ARCHITETTI DELLA PROVINCIA PALERMO The Association of Architects of Palermo was founded in 1926. It has 4300 members (1750 women, 2550 men). Its headquarters is the ancient building of the Wirz Family, in Piazza Principe di Camporeale, a few steps away from the Zisa castle.
ORDINE DEGLI INGEGNERI The Association of Engineers of Palermo gathers all the Engineers of the municipality of Palermo and its territory. It promotes the recurrent training of its members and defends their rights.
ANCI SICILIA ANCI is the Association of Sicilian Municipalities. Its president is the Mayor of Palermo Leoluca Orlando. Aim of the association is to protect, delegate and coordinate the local municipalities and their independence.
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI PALERMO As the main public university in Sicily, the University of Palermo offers a wide didactic offer, including bachelor degree, masters, PhD. It is an institution of about 2000 lecturers and 50,000 students where research in all main fields is carried out and that regularly takes part in international cooperation programmes.
UNIVERSITÀ KORE DI ENNA As the main public university in Sicily, the University of Palermo offers a wide didactic offer, including bachelor degree, masters, PhD. It is an institution of about 2000 lecturers and 50,000 students where research in all main fields is carried out and that regularly takes part in international cooperation programmes.
LINK CAMPUS UNIVERSITY The Link Campus University is a private University in Rome which stands under the Italian University’s Regulation. Founded in Rome in 1999 as a subsidiary of the University of Malta in Italy, it combines the English system’s educational strategies with the Italian’s culture and didactical method, with an international approach.
URBAN THINKERS CAMPUS
AVANZI Avanzi. Sustainability in Action is a leading and independent think tank for sustainable innovation. Avanzi works in partnership with businesses and NGO to achieve better social and environmental. In this context, Avanzi provides consulting services at both strategic and operational levels. It is now also an incubator and a habitat.
AT-FACTORY AT-Factory is a digital startup accelerator which brings together innovators, entrepreneurs and investors. The aim of the founders: Paola Di Rosa and Eleonora Rocca, is to facilitate, support and enhance the success of startup projects while placing them within the right â€œeco systemâ€?. Through a full and detailed consultancy service, AT Factory provides startups with legal, financial, commercial and marketing consultancy in order to help them to turn their ideas in successful business models
CENTRO SPERIMENTALE DI CINEMATOGRAFIA The Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia Foundation is the most important institution in Italy for teaching, research and experimentation in the field of cinematography. The aims of the Centre encompass the development of cinematographic and audiovisual arts and techniques to the highest possible level. In 2008, a new branch of the Centre was opened in Palermo and the Department of Documentary Cinema and Docu-Drama was established here.
CODE FOR EUROPE Code for Europe is composed by a network of European experts in different innovative fields that strives to solve local civic challenges, by enabling agile temporary teams of developers to create solutions that are easily reusable in other European cities. Code for Europe uses technology and open data to make cities more efficient and sustainable.
CONFCOOPERATIVE Confcoperative is the first national organization that provides services and specific assistance to Italian cooperative societies. From 1919 it helps these local entities to develop their potential and their energies, in order to innovate and support their growth process. 76
CONSORZIO ARCA ARCA is a public-private partnership which manages the business incubator located within the University Campus of Palermo.ARCA promotes the start-up and development of new entrepreneurial activities and spin-off and fosters innovation and technology transfer to the productive system, providing a set of complementary services within a structured methodology of incubation.
FONDAZIONE FITZCARRALDO Fondazione Fitzcarraldo is an independent centre for planning, research, training and documentation on cultural, arts and media management, economics and policies, at the service of those who create, practise, take part in, produce, promote and support the arts and culture.The Foundation aims to contribute to the development, diffusion and promotion of innovation and experimentation in the aforesaid fields of activity.
GOETHE INSTITUT The Goethe-Institut is the cultural institute of the Federal Republic of Germany with a global reach. It promotes knowledge of the German language abroad and foster international cultural cooperation. It also convey a comprehensive image of Germany by providing information about cultural, social and political life in the nation.
INSTITUT FRANÇAIS The Institut français Palermo is part of the Institut français Italy that brings together the cultural services of the French Embassy in Rome and the Institutes of Milan, Florence and Naples. It’s located within the Cantieri Culturalali alla Zisa, contemporary cultural center of the city, and represents a real meeting point between Italy and France.
ISTITUTO SUPERIORE MARIO BOELLA Istituto Superiore Mario Boella (ISMB) is a research and innovation centre operating in the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) domain. Founded in 2000 by Compagnia di San Paolo and Politecnico di Torino, today ISMB relies on the technological and process competences of around 150 researchers working in close cooperation with companies, academia and public administration. 77
WAAG SOCIETY Waag Society is an institute for art, science and technology, a pioneer in the field of digital media. Over the past 20 years, the foundation has developed into an institution of international stature, a platform for artistic research and experimentation, and has become both a catalyst for events and a breeding ground for cultural and social innovation.
YOUNG ACADEMICS NETWORK The AESOP Young Academics Network encourages the active participation and exchange of academic work. From PhD students to Post-docs and those starting out in academic positions, the YA Network provides a platform through which the academic leaders of tomorrow can share ideas in an open and inclusive environment, challenging and supporting one another in the attainment of superior academic output.
URBAN THINKERS CAMPUS
List of participants ANDREA
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
UNIVERSITY OF CAGLIARI
MUNICIPALITY OF FUNDAO TECHNION-ISRAEL
CENTRO “DANILO DOLCI”
UNIVERSITY OF ST GALLEN
UNIVERSITY OF SAO PAOLO
IMPACT HUB SIRACUSA
KORE UNIVERSITY OF ENNA
FARM CULTURAL PARK
IN_FRA LAB ISTITUTO SUPERIORE MARIO BOELLA AVANZI
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
AT - FACTORY
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
KORE UNIVERSITY OF ENNA UNIVERSITAT DE CATALUNYA
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO UTRECHT UNIVERSITY
KORE UNIVERSITY OF ENNA
UNIVERSITY OF LISBON
URBAN TALENT LAB
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
CISCO OFL ARCHITECTURE
KORE UNIVERSITY OF ENNA
ATELIER STUDIO ASSOCIATO
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
UNIVERSITY OF MILAN
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
LINK CAMPUS UNIVERSITY
URBAN TALENT LAB
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO UNIVERSITAT DE CATALUNYA RUTGERS UNIVERSITY
MUNICIPALITY OF PALERMO
PROVENZANO ARCHITETTI ASSOCIATI
YOUNG ACADEMICS NETWORK
OPEN DATA SICILIA
URBAN TALENT LAB
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
ITERNATIONAL BALKAN UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
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The complete report of Palermo Urban Thinkers Campus City as a Service.