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WELDING 2019 National

Manufacturing Summit Page 18

UAP: Taking Architecture,

Art & Fabrication Global Page 32

TEi Services

Certified to AS/NZS ISO 3834 Page 36

Q3 | September 2019 Official Journal of Weld Australia


Australian Welding: September 2019


Contents: September 2019


A Message From the Chair A Message From the CEO


Inside the Industry

2019 National Manufacturing Summit

Breaking News Health & Safety Business Essentials Australian Standards Feature & Technical Articles National Manufacturing Summit Rheinmentall’s Defence Industry Supply Chain Women in Welding: Emily Breadmore Member Profile: M&S Fabrications UAP: Taking Architecture, Art & Fabrication Global TEi Services Certified to AS/NZS ISO 3834 Economics of Weld Cameras


Rheinmetall’s Defence Industry Supply Chain



Cover: UAP Taking Architecture, Art & Fabrication Global

Inside Weld Australia Advanced Welder Training Centres Industry Groups Update Hotline Update Training Calendar Member Directory Upcoming Events

8 12 14 16 18 24 28 30 32 36 38

40 42 44 46 48 51

About Weld Australia

National Office

Qualification & Certification

Building 3, Level 3, Suite 5 20 Bridge Street Pymble, NSW 2073 (PO Box 197 Macquarie Park BC NSW 1670) T: +61 (0)2 8748 0100 E:

Paolo Corronca T: +61 (0)438 012 099 E:

Chief Executive Officer

Editorial Submissions

Geoff Crittenden T: +61 (0)2 8748 0100 E:

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Marketing & Advertising Donna South T: +61 (0)2 8748 0130 E:

Sally Wood T: +61 (0)434 442 687 E:

A membership-based organisation, Weld Australia represents Australia’s welding profession. Our primary goal is to ensure that the Australian welding industry remains locally and globally competitive, now and into the future. Weld Australia is the Australian representative of the International Institute of Welding. Visit: Subscription to Australian Welding is a Weld Australia member benefit included in annual membership fees. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or copied in any form without the written permission of Weld Australia. Weld Australia and its agents are not responsible for statements or opinions expressed by contributors in this publication, which are not necessarily those of Weld Australia. Publication of any advertisement does not constitute endorsement by Weld Australia of any product, nor warrant its suitability.


Australian Welding: September 2019

A Message From Weld Australia’s Chair “

Events are a vital conduit through which Weld Australia members are able to connect with like-minded professionals, foster important working relationships, and take part in lifelong education and training.” David Lake Chair, Weld Australia

Tonight, I am off to Chisholm Institute in Dandenong, Victoria to hear Victor Blain (Senior Welding Engineer, Weld Australia) talk about, and then lead discussion on, the topic of ‘The Costs and Economics of Welding’. Events such as this are a vital conduit through which Weld Australia members are able to connect with like-minded professionals, share experiences, foster working relationships, and take part in lifelong education and training. The welding industry is changing. With factors such as technological advancements, new equipment, meeting new challenges in order to compete within the ‘global’ marketplace and, added to that, changes to Australian Standards impacting individual welders and small business owners, it can be difficult to keep pace with the rapidly shifting world of welding. Weld Australia’s member events are designed to focus on topics that need to be addressed by those working within the industry. We aim to put on events that are relevant, beneficial to attendees and timely— also free to attend for members. Events are a great opportunity to

stop, take stock and recalibrate for the future of our busy industry. Some of the events we’ve held recently include: • Workshops on Australian Standards, including EN 15085 Railway Applications – Welding of Railway Vehicles and Components, AS/NZS 5131 Structural Steelwork – Fabrication and Erection, and AS/NZS ISO 9606 Qualification testing of welders – Fusion welding steels • Q&A Welding Forums in Melbourne and Adelaide • Presentations and demonstrations at facilities as diverse as ALS Global in Brisbane, Austedan in Newcastle, Smithweld in Perth, Valmont Coatings in Brisbane, and WIA in Adelaide However, it is important to remember that member events are only as good as you make them. All our member events are made possible through collaboration with State Committees representing you, our members. We aim to identify and enlist the help of subject matter experts, and secure access to a range of diverse and dynamic venues.

Your support and feedback make our member events successful. They are run for you. So, make the most of your membership. Be involved, suggest topics, volunteer your knowledge and experience, host an event at your innovative workplace. No matter where you are in your career, you can add value, as well as benefit from our experts. You can even extend the opportunity to your colleagues, inviting them along (even though they may not be Weld Australia members). Just have them register online. Member events also give you the opportunity to meet, and provide feedback to, the Weld Australia team. It is only through your feedback that we can better serve you, and continue to deliver highquality, relevant events and services. Current Events To discover upcoming events scheduled in your state, or around Australia, simply visit the events page of the Weld Australia website. Future Events If you have a suggestion for an event (or membership in general), email

2019 South Australia Conference & Trade Exhibition 4-6 November 2019, Adelaide Convention Centre Presented by Australian Institute for Non-destructive Testing The 2019 AINDT Conference will be a three-day gathering of NDT & CM experts from a wide range of industry, research and academic backgrounds including; mining, defence, oil and gas, offshore, pipelines, power generation, petrochemical, manufacturing, fabrication and construction.

The papers are in... now it’s time to showcase your business! With a full program of Australian and International speakers lined up and a range of delegates and guests already confirmed, the 2019 AINDT Conference offers some fantastic business exposure for you and the services you offer by exhibiting as part of the Trade Exhibition or sponsoring via the range of large and small sponsorship packages available.


For more information about registering as a Delegate, Exhibitor, Sponsor or Submitting a Paper, contact the Federal office of AINDT on +61 03 9328 8831 or visit Follow us on...


Australian Welding: September 2019

A Message From Weld Australia’s CEO “

Safety is a critical consideration for any welding project. Welding is a safe occupation when proper precautions are taken. But, if safety measures are ignored, welders and members of the general public face an array of hazards that can be potentially dangerous, from electric shock and electrocution through to structural failure.”

Geoff Crittenden Chief Executive Officer, Weld Australia

Safety is a critical consideration for any welding project. Welding is a safe occupation when proper precautions are taken. But, if safety measures are ignored, welders and members of the general public face an array of hazards that can be potentially dangerous, from electric shock and electrocution through to structural failure. Whilst overall adherence to safety regulations and relevant Australian Standards is good, there are some significant gaps in the compliance framework that have long term safety implications. Weld Australia considers the following to be issues, in order of priority: i. Workplace health and safety (Welding Fumes and Electrical Safety) ii. Non-compliant welding equipment (Electrical Safety)

iii. Integrity of welded structures and pressure vessels These safety issues have the potential to cause very real—and very serious—accidents and injuries, as well as fatalities. In fact, according to Safe Work Australia, between 2003 to 2015, 142 workers died as a result of incidents related to electrical safety (an average of 11 workers each year)— almost half of these deaths occurred in the construction industry. Similarly, since 2012, Workplace Health and Safety Queensland (WHSQ) has been notified of 11 events pertaining to workers or bystanders welding a container when it exploded, two of which involved a fatality. These types of incidents are not confined to Queensland. In 2018, fire

authorities revealed that a massive abattoir blaze at Murray Bridge, south-east of Adelaide, was sparked by a maintenance worker who was welding a bin. There is absolutely no question, lives are at risk. The Welding Safety Council To address these safety issues, Weld Australia has established the Welding Safety Council. This Council will provide a forum for industry and legislative safety authorities to discuss issues and work collaboratively to identify solutions. The vision of the Welding Safety Council is to eliminate loss of life or injury attributable to welding. The mission of the Welding Safety Council is to establish and maintain the infrastructure required to identify and analyse welding risk, engage


Inside the Industry: Breaking News

its stakeholders in formulating mitigation strategies, and use its influence to execute those strategies. By drawing together key government stakeholders, statutory bodies and industry into a single independent body focused on eradicating welding related injury, the Australian welding industry will be taking a significant step forward in protecting both the general public and welders. Inaugural Meeting of the Welding Safety Council Chaired by Weld Australia Director Adam Furphy (Managing Director, Furphy Engineering), the Welding Safety Council held its inaugural meeting in early September. Representatives from all State and Commonwealth WorkSafe authorities were in attendance (bar WorkSafeACT and WorkSafe Tasmania, both of whom were apologies), as well as the Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists.

During the meeting, Bruce Cannon (Principal Welding Engineer, Weld Australia) gave attendees an update on the discussions around welding fume safety that occurred at the recent IIW International Congress 2019 Commission VIII - Health, Safety and Environment. I then presented a proposal for an Industry Scheme for Welder Safety Training and Workplace Certification. The Scheme will include the delivery of workplace education and training, and individual workplace risk assessments to identify practical solutions. The Council will also work towards securing JAS-ANZ (Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand) accreditation for the Scheme. This proposal was well received by all in attendance, and a long discussion focused on the implementation of the proposed

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Scheme took place. It was agreed that Weld Australia will partner with the Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists to prepare the Scheme.


The mission of the Welding Safety Council is to establish and maintain the infrastructure required to identify and analyse welding risk, engage its stakeholders in formulating mitigation strategies, and use its influence to execute those strategies.�


Australian Welding: September 2019

Breaking News Seven Local Companies Selected to Support Major Army Projects Minister for Defence Industry, the Hon Melissa Price MP, recently announced seven small businesses that will partner with Rheinmetall Defence Australia on two major projects for the Australian Army. Visiting the new headquarters of Supashock Australia in Adelaide, Minister Price said the seven companies will share in nearly $20 million of work under the LAND 400 Phase 2 and LAND 121 Phase 5B. “This is an excellent example of how the big defence companies are working with local businesses on these large projects,” Minister Price said. LAND 400 Phase 2 will provide the Army with 211 Boxer combat reconnaissance vehicles (which Rheinmetall will assemble at their facility in South East Queensland), while LAND 121 Phase 5B will provide heavy and medium logistics vehicles and modules. The companies are: • Melbourne-based Cablex: vehicle systems and C4I cabling for the first 25 BOXER vehicles • Sydney-based Eylex: crew communications equipment, including headsets for the first 25 BOXER vehicles • Melbourne-based Tectonica Australia: driver’s aids for night time situational awareness for the first 25 BOXER vehicles • Brisbane-based ABI Coating Specialists: paint and finish for the first 25 BOXER vehicles • Ballarat-based Bartlett: tarpaulins for selected Rheinmetall MAN high mobility logistics vehicles • Adelaide-based Supashock: spare wheel carriage system for Rheinmetall MAN Heavy Transport vehicles • Newcastle-based Varley: various modules for the Rheinmetall MAN high mobility logistics vehicles

Image: LAND 400 Phase 2 will provide the Army with 211 Boxer combat reconnaissance vehicles (which Rheinmetall will assemble at their facility in South East Queensland).

Lockheed Martin to Fund ‘Best of Breed’ Solutions for Future Submarines Lockheed Martin Australia has announced a second round of research and development request for quotes for industry and academic organisations to develop advanced technologies in support of Australia’s Attack Class submarine fleet. The first round of research and development grants saw more than $900,000 allocated to industry and academic institutions in March 2019. This second round of research and development seeding grants will see grants of $75,000 each with the opportunity to develop a white paper on advanced technologies for Australia’s Attack Class Submarine Program. Lockheed Martin interim chief executive Scott Thompson said Lockheed Martin Australia looked forward to working with the successful applicants to develop and deliver world-class innovative technologies for Australia’s Attack Class submarines. “The Attack Class Submarine Program represents a long-term, multi million-dollar investment in the future defence and security of our nation. Today’s announcement is one more step towards helping to ensure Australia has the technology and skills to deliver and maintain a regionally superior submarine fleet,” Thompson said. Lockheed Martin was confirmed as the combat systems integrator for the Attack Class and will be responsible for integrating the AN/BYG-1 Combat Control System, which will provide an open-architecture submarine combat control system for analysing and tracking submarine and surface ship contacts, providing situational awareness, as well as the capability to target and employ torpedoes and missiles, and become the ‘eyes and ears’ of the vessels.

Image: Lockheed Martin was confirmed as the combat systems integrator for the SEA 1000 Attack Class Future Submarines.

Lasting Connections

9 Don’t forget: Always put on protective clothing before starting to weld!

Inside the Industry: Breaking News


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Australian Welding: September 2019

Breaking News Bombardier Wins Order to Supply 12 Commuter Trains for Adelaide Mobility solution provider Bombardier Transportation has received a contract variation from the Government of South Australia for 12 three-car A-City electric multiple unit (EMU) trains. This latest order will increase Bombardier’s fleet of A-City EMUs to a total of 34 trains and provide a much-needed capacity increase on Adelaide’s suburban rail network. Wendy McMillan (President, South East Asia and Australia Region, Bombardier Transportation) said, “Since 2005, Bombardier has been supporting Adelaide’s mobility needs with its diesel and electric commuter trains and this contract variation is another huge endorsement of our workforce and the quality of the products designed, built and maintained here in Australia.” “We are proud to deepen our long-term partnership in this important market, built on a strong track record of delivery performance, best-in-class rail technology and value-adding long-term solutions; which has laid the foundation to further support South Australian Government’s great efforts to meet a higher demand for public transport that will ensure the comfort and ease of every passenger’s journey.” Bombardier has been delivering Adelaide DMUs from 2005 and since 2011, their Dandenong facility in Victoria has been involved in delivering the Adelaide A-City EMU fleet. Their local engineers have developed an in-depth knowledge of Adelaide’s rail network over these years. This enabled Bombardier to propose the most efficient and network-friendly EMU solution, which has resulted in high reliability and availability of trains, reduced operational cost and increased performance.

Above and Right: Bombardier will supply 12 commuter trains to Adelaide, increasing Bombardier’s fleet of A-City EMUs to a total of 34 trains.

Funding Boost For Defence Technology Training Victorians wanting to pursue a career in the defence technology and manufacturing sector will soon have access to new cutting-edge training. Minister for Training and Skills and Higher Education Gayle Tierney recently visited leading Victorian manufacturing firm A.W. Bell in Dandenong South to announce an $855,000 grant to deliver a new defence manufacturing skills training project. The funding will assist A.W. Bell to work with Chisholm Institute and industry partners to develop an Australian-first training course in investment casting and defence manufacturing. The new training will involve augmented reality scenarios, so students learn to use, assemble and maintain equipment in a safe and simulated environment. The project is being funded under the Workplace Training Innovation Fund part of the Labor Government’s Skills First initiative.

Queensland Government to Offer Free Apprenticeships for In-Demand Jobs Young Queenslanders will have their apprenticeships paid for in nearly 140 high-demand jobs in a $32 million jobs-creation bonanza. The Queensland State Government will announce a statewide push to see more apprentices and trainees taken on, promising to pay the training costs of all workers aged under 21. This will mean savings of up to $3,000 for businesses who currently fund the courses, and free education for young people who score an apprenticeship or traineeship in 139 occupations suffering skills shortages. It is expected the new policy will encourage businesses to employ more trainees by making it cheaper for them to do so. The Government says it expects the investment will help 60,000 young people into a trade over the next four years. The policy will cover several fabrication courses.

Inside the Industry: Breaking News

Flinders University First Institution In Australia Endorsed For Naval Shipbuilding Flinders University has partnered with the Naval Shipbuilding College to ensure its graduates are ready to seize future cutting-edge jobs in the national Naval Shipbuilding Enterprise. Flinders University is the first higher education institution in Australia to have been endorsed as delivering a course aligned with the future employment needs of the naval shipbuilding industry. Its Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) (Honours) is endorsed, with several other programs of study expected to follow. Naval Shipbuilding College Program Director Bill Docalovich said the unprecedented upgrade of the Royal Australian Navy’s fleet is taking a national approach with investment in our future skilled workforce. “There are opportunities throughout Australia for meaningful careers in areas of production and sustainment across the Naval Shipbuilding Enterprise; and through this course endorsement process we’re helping students to graduate jobready. Through collaboration with education and training providers in every state and territory we are strengthening student pathways into rewarding, longterm, sustainable shipbuilding careers. 15,000 skilled and professional jobs will be created through the Enterprise,” said Docalovich.

Construction of Civmec’s Assembly and Maintenance Hall Reaches New Heights Civmec has achieved a significant milestone in the construction of its purpose-built assembly and maintenance hall in Henderson, Western Australia. The mega structure has been rising from the ground since October last year. The building now stands 70m high, with the recent addition of the 27m high bay structure which sits atop the expansive main roof. The 600-tonne structure, with a length of 130m and width of 40m, was securely lifted using hydraulic strand jacks and placed with incredible precision, with a mere 20mm clearance point in several areas. The new building contains 20 overhead travelling cranes, with the central hall having an impressive 400 tonne lifting capacity. The 60m ocean-facing sliding doors are amongst the largest in the world, able to accommodate the transfer of vessels and large modularised structures. The facility has over 1.2 million cubic metres of internal space, which is equivalent to an area that could house 12,000 passenger buses. To date, 4,900 tonnes of structural steel and 14,000m3 of concrete have been used in the structure, with an estimated total of 5,100 tonnes of steel and 21,000m3 of concrete required for the entire build.

Kingfield Galvanizing Makes the 2019 AFR Most Innovative Companies List Kingfield Galvanizing was recently recognised as one of Australia and New Zealand’s 2019 Most Innovative Companies. The prestigious annual list, published by The Australian Financial Review and BOSS Magazine, is based on a rigorous assessment process managed by Australia’s leading innovation consultancy, Inventium, in conjunction with a panel of industry expert judges. For the first time in 2019, organisations were ranked directly against their peers across ten industry lists. Kingfield Galvanizing ranked 7th on the Property, Construction and Transport list, from over 800 nominated organisations. The judges look at how valuable the problem is that the innovation is solving, the quality and uniqueness of the solution, and the level of impact that the innovation has had. Inventium assesses internal elements such as innovation culture, strategy, resources and process, which demonstrate a sustainable and repeatable approach to innovation. Kingfield Galvanizing was thrilled to be recognised as the first plant in Australia to implement an Environmental Management System and achieve and Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) for hot dip galvanizing. Their EPD enables their customers to contribute to points on Infrastructure Sustainability Rated Projects and Green Star rated commercial construction projects. According to Stephen Clarke (General Manager, Kingfield Galvanizing), “This is the second year that our innovation program has been recognised by the AFR. This year, it’s testament to our teamwork in developing an Environmental Management System across our business and achieving Australia’s first Environmental Product Declaration for hot dip galvanizing. Our team is committed to sustainability through continuous plant and process innovation. This accolade recognises the value Kingfield’s innovation delivers to our customers in contributing points to Sustainability Rating Tools for leading commercial and infrastructure projects.”

Image (L to R): Stephen Clarke (General Manager, Kingfield Galvanizing) and Steve Lelli (Chairman, Kingfield Galvanizing) accept the award.


Australian Welding: September 2019

Health & Safety Tips for Welding Cables Cables are used for delivering current from the welding power source to the welding or cutting arc. It’s important to know the safety hazards of welding cables because, if not properly managed, serious injury or even death can occur. Possible hazards relating to welding cables can be reduced by keeping in mind cable size, length, connections, placement, and care.

Welding cables are the electrical conductor for the welding current and consist of a series of fine copper strands wrapped in a nonconductive coating. Because of the copper wires, welding cables are much more flexible than other types of electrical conductors. As with any welding project, safety should be a top priority when using welding cables. If not, welders can face many dangerous safety hazards. Since welding cables are generally used in an arc welding process, which requires a live electrical circuit, they are also associated with electrical hazards, such as electric shock and electrical burns. Potential Welding Cable Hazards Electromagnetic Fields Electromagnetic fields can be produced close to the power source and around the currentcarrying welding cables from the electric arc welding process. These electromagnetic fields can affect the

function of pacemakers, permanent defibrillators, and other medical devices that could cause the heart to stop or slow down. To prevent this, use barriers so that people who are not directly involved in the welding process are isolated, as well as signage that clearly alerts people to the risks of the strong electromagnetic field. Workers should also avoid standing too close to the power source and draping the welding cable around them. Furthermore, a worker with a pacemaker or other device that may be affected should substitute work that involves an electromagnetic field for other processes, such as oxy-fuel welding. Otherwise, any worker who wears such a device should seek medical advice before being exposed to the electromagnetic fields. Tripping When dealing with cables, tripping is one of the largest hazards—it can

cause welders to fall and sustain injuries. To prevent tripping, relocate cables so that they are out of the way. This also prevents cables from becoming damaged. Entanglement Cables that are entangled can easily be pulled loose, causing arcs and sparks. Ensure that, throughout the welding process, cables are kept clean and tight to prevent this. In general, welding cables should be kept as short as possible, close together, and close to the ground. Incorrect Cable Size The maximum amount of electrical current a welding cable can conduct safely is affected by: electrical resistance and insulation temperature rating; cable length, cross-sectional area, shape, and material; ambient temperature; and the use of multiple cables in close proximity. Using incorrect cables can cause cables to overheat, insulation to


As with any welding project, safety should be a top priority when using welding cables. If not, welders can face many dangerous safety hazards.

Inside the Industry: Health & Safety fail, fires, electric shocks and burns. Use the correct cable size and gauge and make sure to follow the welding power source and cable manufacturers recommendations. Cable size is dependent on the current level, which is measured in amps or amperage. As the current level increases, the diameter of the welding cable used must also increase. If the diameter of the cable is too small for the amperage level flowing through it, the cable can overheat and become a fire hazard, while also damaging the cable itself. This damage can break down the cable jacket and therefore expose the welder to an electrical shock hazard. How to Prevent Accidents Caused by Cables Some other safety tips that can help prevent accidents occurring include: • Ensure you are using proper connectors and splices. • Make sure that you are using the correct length of cable for the job. Welding cables should be kept as short as possible. • Inspect cables before, during, and after use to make sure they are not damaged. • Do not use welding cables while they are still coiled as this can cause spot overheating. • Any damaged cables should be repaired or replaced. • All welding cables should be fully insulated for the entire length. • No worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly sliced welding cables should be used. • Ensure that the power is switched off at the mains before connecting or changing any welding cables. How to Choose the Correct Welding Cables Choosing the correct cables will help reduce many of the risks and hazards associated with them. Ensure you take into account the following factors when selecting cables. Current capacity The cable must be able to withstand the electrical currents, or amps, that flow through it.


Electrical Circuit Safety Tips The electrical circuit is a hazard to the welder. The risk of electrical shock is high and welders should note the following points: • Never attempt to connect or change welding cables before switching off the power at the mains first. • Always install the welding machine as near as possible to the power point. • Always keep the welding machine terminals and cable connections clean and tight. • Only use welding cables that are fully insulated throughout their entire length. • Work on a well insulated floor wherever possible. • Wear rubber insulated shoes. • Always wear dry gloves when welding. • Do not handle equipment that is live, including when placing an electrode in a holder. • Always get a qualified electrician to do any electrical repairs. • Do not attempt to use gas pipes or water pipes as part of the welding circuit as explosions or shocks to other workmates may result. • Fit hazard-reducing devices (such as a device that will reduce the voltage to a low level, or a switching device that automatically switches the no-load voltage to 12VDC or less) to all manual metal-arc welding machines which are used in humid conditions and in category B and C environments. Category B and C are environments with increased hazard of electric shock such as: • Category B: where there is high probability that the welder or other personnel can come into contact with the workpiece, such as steel building structures, inside pressure vessels, storage tanks, conductive confined space and general fabrication activities. • Category C: similar to category B but where there is high risk of electric shock or electrocution due to the presence of moisture (including high humidity, perspiration etc), e.g. coffer dams, trenches, underground mines, in rain, in partially submerged areas, splash zones, and hot or humid environments. Note: A Category B environment can rapidly become a Category C environment without warning unless precautions are taken to prevent the welders gloves or clothing become damp with sweat. For this reason, many industrial workplaces are deemed to be a Category C environment. • For further details, refer to: • Australian Standards AS 1674.2 Safety in Welding and allied processes—Part 2: Electrical and AS 60974.1 Arc welding equipment—Part 1: Welding power sources • Weld Australia’s Technical Note TN7 Health and safety in welding, and Technical Note 22 Welding electrical safety.

Length The length of the cable will be determined by where the electric power needs to go. Two welding cable lengths are needed as one cable connects the welding machine to the electrode (the ‘work lead’) and the other connects the machine to the piece that is being welded (the ‘return lead’). Never connect the return lead of a welding machine to a building frame, pipe, or so on.

Insulation Proper insulation of a welding cable protects the cable from abrasions, sparks, oil and water. Insulation should also not melt or be damaged by the heat conducted by the copper wires and so cables with extra protective coating can be useful. Flexibility The higher the strand count of a welding cable the more flexible it is.


Australian Welding: September 2019

Australia’s New Whistleblower Legislation: What You Need to Know As of 1 July 2019, the Treasury Laws Amendment (Enhancing Whistleblower Protections) Act 2019 came into effect. This piece of legislation is designed to strengthen the protection afforded to whistleblowers, in order to encourage individuals to come forward and report any illegal, corrupt or unethical behaviour. It covers all companies registered under the Corporations Act 2001, insurers, life insurance companies, and superannuation entities and trustees.

Nearly half a decade after the Senate Economics References Committee recommended a review of Australia’s corporate whistleblower framework, reforms to Australian whistleblower protection laws have been passed. The Treasury Laws Amendment (Enhancing Whistleblower Protections) Bill 2019 was introduced to Parliament on 7 December 2017 and was passed on 19 February 2019. It amends the Corporations Act 2001, the Taxation Administration Act 1953, the Banking Act 1959, and the Insurance Act 1973. The Act provides a single, strengthened whistleblower protection regime that covers the corporate, financial and credit sectors. The new Act is designed not only to encourage more people to come forward and ‘blow the whistle’ on corporate wrongdoing, but also

introduces strong penalties for people who try to compromise or break those protections. It is a response to criticisms that previous whistleblower protection laws have not been comprehensive enough and have left whistleblowers feeling vulnerable and, therefore, unwilling to step forward. The new Act expands on the disclosures that are protected, the definition of an eligible whistleblower and the range of ‘disclosees’. It also introduces the ability for people to disclose anonymously, strengthens the protections afforded to whistleblowers, and introduces the requirement for specific types of companies to implement a formal Whistleblower Policy. Who is an Eligible Whistleblower? The new legislation broadens the category of an ‘eligible

whistleblower’ to now include: • An officer of the organisation • An employee of the organisation • Anyone who has a contract to supply goods and services to the organisation • An employee of a supplier of a contract of goods and services to the organisation • An ‘associate’ of the organistion Whistleblower protections now also apply to relatives of any of the above, and any person or organisation who formerly held any of the above positions. What Disclosures Are Protected? A disclosure is a report given by the ‘whistleblower’, or discloser, regarding any workplace grievances or concerns. The new legislation no longer requires the whistleblower to be ‘acting in good faith’.

Inside the Industry: Business Essentials


This legislation is designed to strengthen the protection afforded to whistleblowers, in order to encourage individuals to come forward and report illegal, corrupt or unethical behaviour.

Rather, for a disclosure to be protected, it is sufficient that the whistleblower has objectively reasonable grounds to suspect misconduct, a contravention, or an improper state of affairs or circumstances. Disclosures may include: • Misconduct or ‘improper state of affairs or circumstances’ relating to the company • Conduct that breaches the ASIC Act, the Corporations Act 2001, or any other listed legislation • An offence against any law of the Commonwealth that is punishable by 12 month imprisonment or more • A danger to the public or financial system How Are Whistleblowers Protected? The new Act provides whistleblowers with a range of protections . For example, whistleblowers can now receive immunity, meaning that any of the information they disclose is not admissible against them. The definition of ‘victimisation’ has been further defined and expanded upon. It now includes: • Dismissal of an employee • Injury of an employee in their employment • Discrimination of employees • Harassment or intimidation • Harm or injury, including psychological harm • Damage to a person’s property, reputation, business or financial position

Victimisation may be directed at the whistleblower or people associated with them, such as family members. As another way to encourage whistleblowers to come forward, no court costs will generally be allowed to be ordered against the whistleblower. Furthermore, the whistleblower is able to seek compensation for any loss or damages that they may experience. Whistleblowers no longer have to provide their name when making a disclosure in order to qualify for protection, meaning that disclosures can now be made anonymously. What are the Penalties for Non-Compliance? The penalties for non-compliance under the new provisions of the Act are significant, ranging from up to $200,000 for an individual and up to $1 million for an organisation. Reparations to the whistleblower can include re-instatement and compensation. In addition, the whistleblower is afforded the option of instituting civil proceedings for damage. What is the Mandatory Whistleblower Policy? The new legislation requires all public companies and large proprietary companies to have a whistleblower policy in place as soon as possible (but no later than 1 January 2020). Failure to do so could result in penalties of $12,600 for an individual, or $63,000 for an organisation or

corporation. The policy must include the following: • The protection available to whistleblowers • How a disclosure can be made • To whom a disclosure can be made • How the company can support whistleblowers and protect them from detriment • How the company will investigate disclosures that qualify for protection • How the policy is made available to officers and employees Training must also be provided to relevant staff to ensure that potential eligible recipients of disclosures know how to identify a whistleblower report, and what to do if or when they receive one. A ‘large proprietary company’ is one that either has a consolidated revenue of $25 million, gross assets of $12.5 million or more, or 50 or more employees. Any company that fits the criteria of a ‘large proprietary company’ must implement a policy or risk a penalty. For small companies, though it is not legally required to have a whistleblower policy, if there are any breaches of the Act regarding the protection of disclosures, penalties will still apply. Disclaimer: This article is general in nature and for informational purposes only. Professional advice should be sought on specific matters, and with lawyers under Costs Agreement and to which Legal Professional Privilege (LPP) applies.


Australian Welding: September 2019

The Changing Face of Australian Standards Australian Standards are living documents. They reflect progresses in science, technology and systems. To maintain their relevancy, all Standards are periodically reviewed, with amendments and revised editions published. The last few months have seen several developments, including an urgent review into standards related to rubber hoses for welding, cutting and allied processes, and ongoing reviews into standards related to pressure equipment and steel structures.

Pressure Equipment As previously reported, the draft of the revision of AS/NZS 3992 Pressure equipment—Welding and brazing qualification was released for pubic review in July. The comment period is due to close in mid September. Steel Structures The Committee ballot of the revision of AS 2214 Certification of welding supervisors—Structural steel welding was recently completed by Committee WD-003. Publication of the Standard is expected in early September. The draft amendment to correct an error within AS/NZS 2980 Qualification of welders for fusion welding of steels—Additional requirements for Australia and New Zealand was released for public comment in July, and comments are due to close in late September. The preparation of a public review draft of the revision of AS/NZS 1554.2 Structural steel welding—Part 2: Stud welding (steel studs to steel) is well advanced, with the release for public review due shortly. As previously indicated, the draft has taken cognisance of the relevant ISO Standards. To this end, ISO 13918 Welding—Studs and ceramic ferrules for arc stud welding is being adopted for stud materials, providing for the use of stainless steel studs and studs for wear applications. As previously reported, Committee BD-001 has completed the

preparation of public review drafts for the revision of two of its standards, AS/NZS 5131 Structural steelwork—Fabrication and erection, and AS 4100 Steel structures. The public review drafts were released in June, and comment closed in late August. International Standards ISO TC44/SC11 has commenced the revision of ISO 9606-1 Qualification testing of welders—Fusion welding— Part 1: Steels with the intention of combining all 5 parts into the one Standard. This will simplify the ongoing maintenance and review requirements for the Standards, as parts 2 to 5 of ISO 9606-1 are in need of revision. Australia is participating in the revision process. Separate to the Standards review, Standards Australia is hosting the ISO TC44 meeting in Sydney in September. This will provide a unique opportunity for Australian Standards Committee members to meet with the relevant world experts across a range of welding related matters. Standards Representation Weld Australia is currently reviewing its activities across a wide range of Australian Standards Committees. This may open opportunities for members with specific expertise in key areas to nominate to represent Weld Australia’s interests. Once this review is completed, any committee vacancies arising will be advised in Standards Updates in future editions of this magazine: Australian Welding.

Stop Press – ISO ERRATA Weld Australia has recently become aware that some typographical errors have been found in Australian Standards where they have been published as direct text adoptions of ISO Standards. The issue has arisen due to previously undetected errors arising from the importation of files supplied by ISO, following recent changes in file formats. The extent of the problem has yet to be fully established and both ISO and Standards Australia are working on a solution. It is likely that a number of Standards will require a correction amendment where significant variations in text from that originally published by ISO have arisen. The standard AS/NZS ISO 9606‑1 is known to be affected by this issue and a correction amendment is currently being prepared by Standards Australia to correct the anomalies arising.

Inside the Industry: Australian Standards PROUDLY PRESENTED BY:

CROWN PROMENADE MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA 24–27 NOVEMBER 2019 PLENARY LECTURERS: CORROSION & PREVENTION 2019 The annual ACA conference is a three day gathering of world experts on corrosion mitigation. This will be a premium networking event as well as a source for the latest information concerning corrosion mitigation. Entitled Corrosion & Prevention 2019, the conference will comprise a program of keynote speakers and presentations under a range of industry ‘streams’, integrated with an exhibition that will showcase the latest products and services of the corrosion mitigation industry. Over 500 delegates and visitors are expected to attend from industries such as; protective coatings, water, defence, building and construction, mining, oil & gas, cathodic protection, power and more.

Willie Mandeno Principal Engineer Materials – WSP Opus

Carmen Andrade President – Alconpat

Dudley Primeaux Owner – Primeaux Associates LLC

Alan Bryson Principal Corrosion & Integrity Engineer – CCE

C&P2019 INCLUDES: • Quality Technical Program

• Technical Forums

• 62 Booth Trade exhibition

• Awards Dinner

• Social & Networking functions

• Partner Program

Stuart Lyon AkzoNobel Professor of Corrosion Control, – the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST)

For more information and to register go to:



Australian Welding: September 2019

2019 National Manufacturing Summit Hosted by Weld Australia, the 2019 National Manufacturing Summit was held at The Australian Synchrotron in Melbourne on 21 and 22 August 2019. With the theme Skills for the Future, the critical constraint of workforce capability and availability formed the basis of discussions throughout the Summit. The program focused on how business, governments, industry bodies and the education system can work together to deliver actionable, practical solutions.

Welcome Dinner The 2019 National Manufacturing Summit was opened by Geoff Crittenden (CEO, Weld Australia) at the Welcome Dinner. Held on 21 August in the Glen Waverly Novotel ballroom, delegates were treated to an engaging address by Michael Sharpe (Director, Advanced Manufacturing Growth Centre). According to Sharpe, “It is beholden on all of us to share the stories of manufacturing, otherwise we risk skipping a generation. We need to show kids today what’s possible.” “Ten years ago, the iPhone didn’t even exist. At the time, it was a whole new way of disrupting music, today apple is looking at shutting down the iTunes platform altogether. Ten years ago, there was no such job as an app developer. Today, it is a high paying job. Now, there is so much opportunity now for upskilling kids, and getting them involved in technology, and in our industry. There is a great skill uplift coming for people who can use their hands and skills to do high-quality work.” “The skills for the future start with us today, and I think there is a bright future ahead for all of us, if we work together.” Welcomed on-stage by David Lake (Chair, Weld Australia), keynote speaker Sam Bramham inspired everyone with his entertaining tales. A paralympic swimmer, Sam entered competition with a splash when he broke the 100m butterfly

world record at the 2004 Athens Paralympics. This was his first Paralympic games, and he was only 16 years of age at the time. Since then, Sam has won gold medals and broken records at events such as the 2006 Melbourne Commonwealth Games, the 2007 South African World Championship, and the 2008 Beijing Paralympics. In 2009, Sam was awarded with the Order of Australia Medal. Sam tells several stories about how he lost his leg; one story involves his leg being eaten by an alligator. Another story is that a shark attacked him. A third story, one he often tells international journalists, involved his leg being chomped off by a kangaroo. The reality is that Sam was born without his right femur. What remained of his leg was amputated when he was five years old. The advice that Sam had for everyone was that he received from sprinter Cathy Freeman: stay focused and soak up the atmosphere. To illustrate the power of this advice, Sam told the story of a Chinese swimmer at the Paralympic Games that he dubbed ‘Puff Puff’ due to his prolific smoking habit. Sam could not believe it when ‘Puff Puff’ took out his qualifying heat, breaking world records in the process, and then went onto to win Gold. At the time, Sam thought it unfair: he’d won his qualifying heat, and broke the world record but failed to win Gold in the final. According to Sam, he’d forgotten all about Cathy Freeman’s advice,

“I’d lost sight of all that. I was thinking about an intrinsic motivator, something that was out of my reach - a gold medal that I didn’t even have yet. As a result, I lost my country and myself a gold medal. That was my most important failure because that set the tone for the rest of my life.” The Summit Kicking off the National Manufacturing Summit at The Australian Synchrotron, Geoff Crittenden highlighted the importance of increasing the manufacturing industry’s skills to meet future needs. “The National Manufacturing Summit brings together thought leaders in the manufacturing sector to discuss the sector’s prospects, and identify policy measures designed to support industry growth and sustainability.” “Today’s program will focus on a key issue identified at the 2018 Summit: Skills for the Future. Australia requires a significant increase in skilled, qualified trades workers in order to meet future demand on major projects in industries as diverse as defence, shipbuilding, aerospace, infrastructure, rolling stock, and resources.” “The manufacturing sector is experiencing a period of sustained growth, and industry participants continue to cite workforce capability as an ongoing challenge. Finding and retaining skilled workers is front of mind, as is maintaining currency of skills and knowledge,” said Crittenden.


2019 National Manufacturing Summit

Minister for Training and Skills, and Higher Education, The Hon Gayle Tierney MP Minister Tierney focused on manufacturing workforce capability and availability, and touched on how the Victorian Government is investing in more places through TAFEs and training organisations in areas that meet the skills needs of Victorian industries and priority workforces. According to Minister Tierney, “Manufacturing has a very special place in our economy. I have had first hand experience of the difficulties this sector has faced. I’ve seen what happens to individuals families and communities when the economy moves on and leaves workers behind. That is why I am driven by a commitment to ensuring all Victorians can access relevant training and up-to-date skills so, as the economy moves forward, so do our workers as well.” “Despite the hard times, I am really optimistic about the future of manufacturing in Victoria. Victorian manufacturing is a $26 billion industry, employing over 280,000 people. It is one of the state’s largest suppliers of full-time jobs. National employment growth in this sector increased by over 86,000 jobs over the past year. The highest growth rate of any industry, and almost half of those jobs were created here, in Victoria.” “Of course, Victorian manufacturing is going through a transition – moving away from a sector dominated by automotive manufacturing, to a more diverse mix of industries, ranging from construction and food to bio-tech and aviation.” “Innovation requires new skills, and the Victorian government is responding to the transformation of manufacturing to ensure that we can have the skilled workers so we can be a world leader in this area. We support developing partnerships with training providers and industry to ensure that Victoria’s training system adapts to economic shifts with flexible, relevant and accessible

Clockwise from top left: Geoff Crittenden (CEO, Weld Australia) at the Welcome Dinner. Sam Bramham delivers the keynote address at the Welcome Dinner. Michael Sharpe (National Director Industry, Advanced Manufacturing Growth Centre) at the Welcome Dinner. Delegates enjoy the Welcome Dinner. David Lake (Chair, Weld Australia) at the Welcome Dinner.


Australian Welding: September 2019

training. So, how are we doing this? Well, firstly, we are listening when industry and employers tell us where the skills gap, and how to fill them. We are also encouraging and supporting research, innovation and commercialisation of new ideas and technologies. Thirdly, we are focused on better connecting the training sector in Victoria to ensure that it is a sustainable, responsive, relevant and accessible and connected sector.”

organisation that existed centuries ago, where people could go and think and grow knowledge. We live in a very different world now, where we are trying to support the development of an economy and, in Australia, it is very crucial that we try to really seed the growth a high-tech economy. I think the way for that to happen is for industry to leverage universities, and universities to support that very effectively.”

“We are also making sure existing workers can retrain and upskill so they too can benefit from the sector’s growth. This is how we can ensure that we have the highly skilled, sustainable workforce we need to secure our future prosperity.”

“So, the immersion I am talking about, and the interweaving of the fabric of industry and universities is really a breakdown of the paradigm of universities and a change in the way that companies and industry perceive universities.”

“Working with industry to build skills for the future is what it’s all about.”

“If you think about what universities consist of, it’s a vast array of experts with deep knowledge in their particular area, across a whole range of very different areas.”

“Importantly, of course, there is a recognition that the most important aspect of manufacturing is its people. A highly skilled workforce will guarantee manufacturing’s future in this country. We are building this workforce here in Victoria and giving people opportunities that they simply just didn’t think were possible. It is my hope that Victoria’s approach will be adopted nationally so that our skills base will give Australia a competitive edge. Then all Australians can reap the benefits of a booming manufacturing sector.”

Top: Victorian Minister for Training and Skills, and Minister for Higher Education, The Hon Gayle Tierney MP. Middle: Professor Michelle Gee, Director, Sir Lawrence Wackett Centre Bottom: Federal Shadow Minister for Employment and Industry, The Hon Brendan O’Connor MP.

Professor Michelle Gee, Director, Sir Lawrence Wackett Centre Professor Gee spoke in detail about how universities and industry can work more closely together. “I think that the formula for universities and industry to really be effective in the way they work together to support each other is, firstly, to support the growth of industry and, secondly to support the business that is universities—the development of people and capability. It is about working together in an immerse way.” “What I mean by that is that the fabric of industry and universities should be interwoven. I think that universities in this country, and in many countries in fact, have an antiqued structured based on

“What I’m suggesting to you is that you don’t necessarily need to hire new people, and increase your workforce at huge expense to you. You can leverage the broader capability of the university and the people working there, so that when you work in partnership with a university, you’re not just working some bloke in engineering helping you to tweak a little bit of technology, or a product or manufacturing process. You’re also maybe talking to someone over in the business unit who can improve the logistics around the process. You’re talking to someone in policy who, if the technology is new, can discuss policy implication with government.” According to Professor Gee, the key to ensuring that universities and industry work together more effectively is to: leverage all of the university expertise and facilities to holistically support business growth; work together across universities building cross-institutional capability to complete the value chain; change the paradigm of universities and make industry part of the fabric; and understand your IP position IP gives a company a competitive advantage, so it should be owned by the company, not the university.


2019 National Manufacturing Summit

Federal Shadow Minister for Employment and Industry, The Hon Brendan O’Connor MP Shadow Minister O’Connor focused on both the challenges and opportunities facing manufacturing. According to Shadow Minister O’Connor, “Australian manufacturers, I believe, and you would agree with me, face very significant challenges, but what I would argue is they need is a government or governments willing to back them. Not one that says we can’t afford to invest in manufacturing.” “There is no doubt in my mind that a strong, diverse, agile manufacturing sector is critical to Australia’s future. To ensure this is the case, we need to address the skills crisis facing this country, by developing an appropriately skilled workforce to drive us into the new era of manufacturing.” “Manufacturing plays a critical role in innovation and we must identify the capabilities and roles the industry plays, as well as build and innovate for the future.” “As a country, we must choose to build a nation rich in educational, training and employment opportunities, with a broad based engine of economic growth.” “Governments and industry will need to consult and collaborate intensively to secure our place in the world when it comes to advanced manufacturing. The rapid advances in manufacturing mean we need to act quickly before the divide between countries that embrace investing in skills and those that don’t becomes too great and we get left behind.” “Lifting skills to ensure the workforce is prepared for the jobs of the future is critical to future employment security and better wages. It is important for the success of companies. It is important for our economic growth.” “It requires, in my view, bipartisanship and collaboration, none of which can be achieved without leadership, a plan, and a

vision from the current Government,” said Shadow Minister O’Connor. Nick Howie, Training Solutions Manager, Naval Shipbuilding College It is estimated that 15,000 jobs will be created across Australia over the next 10 years as a result of the Naval Ship Enterprise. This will create a sea change in Australia’s employment landscape over the coming decades. Nick Howie provided delegates with an overview Naval Shipbuilding College’s mission: to ensure a suitably skilled and qualified Australian workforce will be available – at the right time – to meet the needs of industry.

Top: Nick Howie, Training Solutions Manager, Naval Shipbuilding College. Bottom: Jim Stanford, Economist and Director, Centre for Future Work.

According to Howie, “We are in place to ensure there is a workforce to deliver the ships being built by the government, throughout the build and sustainment,” said Howie. “I suppose what some of you will be [interested in is] what we’re doing to support local industries and supply chains. The number of apprentices and skilled tradesworkers in some areas is problematic now and will become more of a problem in the future. Really, there is an opportunity for people to look at investing in their own workforce capability, taking on their own apprentices where they can (or through group training schemes), to help build capability across the country.” “The reality is, we’re all going to need a bigger pool of workers. The local supply chain may need an even larger pool because the primes will likely have some buying power that the local community just doesn’t have. There will be a bit of onus on people to build their own capability and ensure they have the people they need when all this work really does ramp up.” “We also recommend that the supply chain community keep up to date with what’s going on. There are a number of networks that we’re working with, including the ICN, Defence advocates and industry associations, and you can also engage with the shipbuilders

themselves as they conduct roadshows across the country.” Through consultation with industry the College is identifying what skilled workers will be required – and when – during the Naval Shipbuilding Enterprise. By partnering with education and training providers across Australia, the College is adapting existing courses to include industry-specific skills and training. Jim Stanford, Economist and Director, Centre for Future Work Jim Stanford spoke about the potential of value-added manufacturing in Australia (tied into the current momentum around lithium and lithium based products),


in the context of Australia’s history. “Australia has a traditional overreliance on ‘staples’ industry – the concept in economics in which bulk commodities that are somehow produced or extracted from nature, and then used for value-added products. In Australia’s case, we usually extract those staple goods, and sell them to somebody else who then does something useful with them. We hope to live off the proceeds of that staples extraction and export, hoping to generate enough money to pay the bills for all the value-added stuff that we import,” said Stanford. “Each wave of staples development is associated with capital investment, job creation and regional development. They’re often tied into development of transportation and infrastructure and, indeed, nation building.” “But there are lots of drawbacks and risks associated with an economy that is so dependent on staples extraction. We have noticed wild ups and downs that are inherent to staples industries and markets. Huge swings in foreign demand for the staples we produce are often completely beyond our control – changes in tastes and technology undermine the global demand for these staple products. This is not to say we should ignore the positive role that some of these industries have played but we should be cognisant of the risks of building an economy on these staples.” There has been a dramatic expansion of the use of lithium-ion batteries. In 2017, there was $35 billion worth of total sales, which is growing at a rate of 20% per year. This is being driven by growing electric vehicle use, home energy storage and utilities. “Australia is blessed with some of the best quality lithium deposits in the world. The deposits we have, in hard rock from, are large, high quality and very accessible. Australia has the third largest proven deposits, and is already the largest producer

Australian Welding: September 2019

of lithium, with $1.2 billion worth of spodumene exports in 2018.” The problem is, for raw lithium in spodumene form, you can expect US$750 per tonne. Once refined into lithium carbonate, and transformed into batteries through value-added manufacturing, this US$750 is worth over US$100,000. “The US$750 is virtually invisible in the total value chain. We need to set our sights a little bit is a losing proposition if we just stick to extraction,” said Stanford. Despite Australia’s advantages, no industry will develop spontaneously. It needs foresight, planning and intervention to make it happen. As such, according to Stanford, several measures must be implemented to ensure Australia can compete in value-added manufacturing. “At last year’s Summit, Ross Garneau said, ‘Australia can be a sustainable manufacturing superpower.’ Seizing the valueadded opportunities from both our resources endowment and our growing use of lithium-ion products would be a big step to getting there,” said Stanford. Panel One: Unlocking the Power of Collaboration Chaired by Sharon Robertson (CEO, IBSA Manufacturing), panellists for the first discussion of the day included Craig Robertson (CEO, TAFE Directors Australia), Adrian Boden (Executive Director, SEMMA), Megan Lilly (Head of Workforce Development, Ai Group) and Shaun Manuell (Senior Portfolio Manager Investments, AustralianSuper). This panel delved into a discussion on how industry and the training and education sector can collaborate to ensure skilled workers are available to meet future demand. Lilly proposed that the issue in Australia is a ‘skills gap’ between what currently exists, and what is needed by industry, rather than an overall skills shortage. As such, she believes that there is room to expand micro-qualifications—short courses for employees to upskill

while in employment. However, this should not come at the expense of foundational training and qualifications. With Lilly noting that 50% of all jobs in the future will shift in their composition by 50%, workplaces will have to become mini classrooms, with the participation of industry, so that upskilling can occur. Manuell emphasised the importance of all companies having a digital strategy in place. However, in his experience, when you talk to companies about where the largest skills gaps currently exist, it is in this very area. Companies are finding it difficult to recruit for roles such as data scientists, and people with the requisite digital and STEM skills. Boden concurred, highlighting the need for those all-important digital interface skills within the manufacturing industry. However, he also contended that the structure of Australian industry is placing a strain on the ability of Australian manufacturing to support skills development. Australia is unique among the development world in the composition of the industrial sector, with 90% of companies employing less than 30 people. Given this structure, Boden said that one of the most important aspects of improving Australia’s skills crisis is discovering how to ensure business owners are interested in education and training and improving their skills, as well as those of their workforce. As small businesses, “it isn’t that they’re not trying their hardest, but education of themselves, let alone their workers, is probably not foremost in their minds”. Panel Two: Skills for a HighTech Manufacturing Future Panel Chair, Michael Sharpe (Director, AMGC) was joined by panellists Chris Brugeaud (CEO, SSS Manufacturing), Stuart Birkin (Stuart Birkin, Education Manager: Engineering, Manufacturing and Automotive, Federation TAFE) and Justine Evesson (Advisor, Skills and Apprenticeships). According to Evesson, it is little wonder that there is a national consensus that the existing


2019 National Manufacturing Summit

vocational education and training system is broken—TAFE is “more or less invisible in national policy”. With funding diverted from TAFE into to the private sector, the quality of skills training has taken a nose-dive. In addition, Evesson highlighted that TAFE’s deep and rigid bureaucracies, has limited its ability to engage with industry when developing courses and curricula. Evesson outlined that Australia is not alone in confronting a skills crisis, particularly 21st century skills such as problem solving, collaboration, team work and creativity. While these skills are undoubtedly needed, a focus on these foundational skills cannot come at the expense of expertise in a particular area. As Evesson put it, “There’s not much use in collaborating if you have nothing to contribute.” Brugeaud noted that, as automation occurs across the workforce, there is potential for new technologies to expand the workforce, rather than shrink the number of employees. According to Brugeau, 100% of manufacturing a business will never be automated. Rather, high levels of automation in up to 60% of a business will improve efficiencies, enabling Australian manufacturers to hire more people. The problem is that, while the technical capabilities of Industry 4.0 like automation are available now, a lack of a skilled workers is limiting their the implementation.

Panel One: (L to R): Shaun Manuell, Adrian Boden, Megan Lilly, Craig Robertson, and Panel Chair Sharon Robertson.

Panel Two: (L to R): Chris Brugeaud and Justine Evesson.

Panel Three: Sharon Jones.

Panel Two: (L to R): Stuart Birkin and Panel Chair Michael Sharpe.

Panel Three: (L to R): Kirsty Bateman, Panel Chair Anne Koopman, and Sandra Taylor.

Panel Three: The Future of Skills and Diversity—Beyond Ticking the Box Chaired by Anne Koopman (Leadership and Development Consultant), panellists included Sharon Jones (National Manager of Indigenous Employment, Mindaroo Foundation), Kirsty Bateman (Director of Engineering Capability, BAE Systems Australia), and Sandra Taylor (Manufacturing Manager, Twinings).

production process more people, whether they be younger, older or of a different gender, can become involved in manufacturing. With this expanded set of employees, different ways of thinking can emerge. Bateman agreed, “Diverse thinking comes from diverse backgrounds and diverse experiences.” This diversity will lead to new ways of working.

As roles change in manufacturing, new skills and competencies come from the new people that fill these roles. As Taylor pointed out, without a need to conduct heavy lifting in the

Clearly, there is no simple answer to solving the looming skills crisis within the manufacturing sector. It will require a multi-faceted approach from industry, education and training

providers, and support from all levels of government—an approach that must be characterised by collaboration, diversity, digital skills and forward-planning. Weld Australia was fortunate to have the support of an impressive group of co-sponsors – the Advanced Manufacturing Growth Centre (AMGC), AustralianSuper, the Centre for Future Work, IBSA Manufacturing, and TAFE Directors Australia. Manufacturers’ Monthly has also supported the event as our Media Partner.


2019 Australian Welding: September 2018

Rheinmetall’s Defence Industry Supply Chain In March 2018, the Federal Government announced that Rheinmetall Defence Australia had been selected to supply its BOXER 8x8 Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV) to the Australian Defence Forces (ADF). A total of 211 CRVs will be acquired under the ADF’s Land 400 Phase 2 project, valued at an estimated $5 billion. Delivery of the advanced BOXER 8x8 CRVs will take place between 2019 and 2026. The scope of Rheinmetall’s contract includes all activities necessary to manage, design, develop, construct, integrate, test, deliver, install and commission the CRVs. Rheinmetall is cooperating closely with Australian industry, having established a strong, highly effective team to focus on Australian Industry Capability and Global Supply Chain opportunities. A significant share of the industrial value added during production of the BOXER will take place in-country. The company has already engaged more than 900 SMEs around Australia and New Zealand during the LAND 400 Phase 2 campaign. This built on the number of companies they had already engaged with during the LAND 121 Phase 3B program. Rheinmetall is now working with selected SMEs to ensure they have

the capability to supply into a global program such as LAND 400 Phase 2. Suppliers need to meet rigorous standards to ensure the best quality vehicle to protect the Australian soldier. Rheinmetall is actively working alongside Australian companies at various stages of a five step engagement process that involves: • Identifying the best possible suppliers • Confirming the master data for work packages • Releasing Requests for Information and Quotation • Conducting evaluations (including supplier visits and audits) • Signing contracts Military Vehicle Centre of Excellence As the centrepiece of the LAND 400 Phase 2 Acquisition Program, Rheinmetall is establishing Australia’s premier, globally competitive Military Vehicle Centre of Excellence (MILVEHCOE) in Ipswich, Queensland. With construction being overseen by the Queensland Government, the MILVEHCOE is on track for phased practical completion from early 2020. Once complete, the MILVEHCOE will be the most advanced military vehicle manufacturing facility of its type in Australia.

With three production lines, Rheinmetall will have the necessary capacity to achieve multiple production targets simultaneously. The MILVEHCOE will create more than 450 new jobs, as well as countless indirect jobs, and be the site for the following activities: • Manufacture the BOXER 8x8 CRV under Land 400 Phase 2 • Integrate more than 1,000 logistics trucks with modules and trailers under Land 121 Phase 5B • If selected, manufacture the LYNX KF41 IFV under Land 400 Phase 3 • Global home for the design and manufacture of the Lance turret family • In-service vehicle maintenance, overhaul, repair and upgrade activities The MILVEHCOE will be home to Rheinmetall Defence Australia’s headquarters and operate as a regional hub for Rheinmetall Defence. As such, the facilities will include manufacturing, electronics and administration buildings, a training centre, a 100m indoor firing tunnel for testing of weapons up to 35mm, a high security prototype work shop and Systems Integration Lab, a vehicle test track, and a threestorey electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) test chamber large enough to accommodate a main battle tank.

Rheinmetall’s Defence Industry Supply Chain


Rheinmetall Defence Australia will partner with and support local SMEs, developing and maintaining the specialist skills and capabilities required to successfully complete LAND 400 Phase 2, and position Australia as a major defence exporter.”

The MILVEHCOE will create enduring relationships with the Commonwealth, industry and academia to develop innovative technologies and capabilities to contribute to Australia’s longterm defence objectives. This will also give staff employed at the MILVEHCOE opportunities to develop their own skills and experiences through the secondment to Rheinmetall facilities across the world. According to Gary Stewart (Managing Director, Rheinmetall Defence Australia), “Rheinmetall’s decision to establish the MILVEHCOE in Australia represents the largest financial infrastructure investment in the company’s 130 year history.”

Image: The LAND 400 Phase 2 project will see Rheinmetall provide the Australian Defence Force with over 200 BOXER 8x8 combat reconnaissance vehicles.

Local Companies Selected to Support Major Army Projects Several small businesses have already been selected to partner with Rheinmetall Defence Australia. Melbourne-based vehicles specialist, Supacat Asia Pacific, was the first company to sign a partnership agreement with Rheinmetall under the Land 400 project—for the design and manufacture of sub-systems. The partnership will double Supacat’s engineering workforce, creating at least 20 new engineering roles. Bisalloy Steels has developed a new grade of armour steel in order to meet the protection levels required for the BOXER 8x8 CRV. Bisalloy recently confirmed that their specialised armour steel has passed blast box trials at Rheinmetall’s testing facilities in Germany, and is now ready to commence the German Government qualification process.

“And while this new facility may be based in Queensland, it will be a focal point for our national endeavour to deliver this capability. Our partners stretch across the nation and there will be substantial jobs and opportunities created in Western Australia, in South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales, in addition to those created in Queensland.”

The Commonwealth has already announced four companies supplying into the initial early capability delivery for Land 400 Phase 2. These companies are: • Melbourne-based Cablex: vehicle systems and C4I cabling for the first 25 BOXER 8x8 CRV vehicles • Sydney-based Eylex: crew communications equipment, including headsets for the first 25 BOXER 8x8 CRV vehicles • Melbourne-based Tectonica Australia: driver’s aids for night time situational awareness for the first 25 BOXER 8x8 CRV vehicles • Brisbane-based ABI Coating Specialists: paint and finish for the first 25 BOXER 8x8 CRV vehicles

“This will allow us to establish a national, sovereign military vehicle capability that underpins an enduring partnership with the Commonwealth to design, manufacture, deliver,

Each company will be part of a growing cohort of local small businesses already delivering parts and services to Rheinmetall as the company builds its network of suppliers across Australia and establishes a local capability to underpin a national military vehicle industry.


Australian Welding: September 2019

support and modernise this worldleading capability,” said Stewart. The location of the MILVEHCOE, around 30km south west of the Brisbane CBD, brings many advantages for the Australian Army. These include: • A central location for operational units in Brisbane, Townsville, Darwin and Adelaide that will reduce vehicle movement costs • Close proximity to the growth markets of Asia and the Pacific supporting the MILVEHCOE’s export opportunities • Ready access to a growing relevant industrial capability in South East Queensland • Part of Australia’s largest heavy vehicle manufacturing precinct • Co-located as part of a thriving ecosystem of aerospace, C4ISREW, systems integration and autonomous technology companies including key suppliers Boeing Defence Australia, Raytheon, Elbit Systems and L3 Harris • Close proximity to Gallipoli

Left: Rheinmetall’s LYNX KF41 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), offered to the Australian Army for LAND 400 Phase 3. Below (Left): Rheinmetall’s BOXER 8x8 Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV) for LAND 400 Phase 2. Below (Right): Rheinmetall delivered the LAND 121 Phase 3B contract with the Australian Government to supply over 2,500 protected and unprotected medium and heavy logistic vehicles and 3,000 specialist modules to the Australian Defence Force.

Barracks, enabling vehicle operators from 7th Brigade to remain involved in vehicle design, manufacture and test activities A network of modern, multimodal transport infrastructure with the capacity to accommodate the expected volume of vehicle movements.

Technology Transfer Rheinmetall is using technology transfer as a step-up, and at the same time training Australians with the skills, experience and technology foundations in Australia and Germany, so we can create new software and products that improve defence capability, and develop and release new Australian products. The MILVEHCOE will enable the manufacture and sustainment of the Australian Army vehicle fleet of BOXER CRVs, as well as being a campus and test facility in one location with all necessary infrastructure to solve problems and develop new capability quickly.

Initially, the MILVEHCOE will focus on engineering, production and fielding of the BOXER CRV to the Australian Defence Force through Land 400 Phase 2. Over time, the role of the MILVEHCOE will expand to include the sustainment and upgrading of these vehicles as well as producing, sustaining and upgrading other vehicles in the Rheinmetall fleet from customers across the region, and further exciting product development opportunities. Rheinmetall also has a growing contingent of Australian employees working in Germany, learning how to design and build the BOXER vehicle from the ground up. This contingent will soon number around 80 Australians.,ome of them are recent graduates from university. Others are taking leadership roles in what is a truly global defence program. Each has signed on to live and work in Germany for up to 18 months before returning to settle in Brisbane. There, they will form a core team responsible for designing and building BOXER vehicles at the MILVEHCOE.

Rheinmetall’s Defence Industry Supply Chain

A global defence equipment and service provider, Rheinmetall is committed to bringing the best Australian capabilities into its global supply chain to support its growth strategies. Future Opportunities and Industry Engagement A global defence equipment and service provider, Rheinmetall is committed to bringing the best Australian capabilities into its global supply chain to support its growth strategies. Rheinmetall conducts six monthly industry briefings and roadshows at selected locations around Australia. The company also provides quarterly updates to SMEs and attends briefings conducted by peak industry bodies.

The company’s vehicle platform websites will have access through to an Industry Capability Network portal where companies seeking to register or engage with Rheinmetall can provide details of their capabilities and contact information. Rheinmetall also has an Australian Industry Capability team, which is based in Brisbane but travels around Australia, meeting companies interested in being part of Australia’s future military vehicle industry. Rheinmetall will partner with and support local SMEs, developing and maintaining the specialist skills and capabilities required to complete LAND 400 Phase 2 and position Australia as a major defence exporter. Continued Industry Engagement Rheinmetall will continue engagement with Australian companies to maximise the number qualified suppliers and incorporate


those suppliers into the Rheinmetall Global Supply Chain. Companies not initially rated highly for LAND 400 Phase 2 remain on Rheinmetall’s database and, through continued engagement, will be elevated as their status changes. All registered companies will be reviewed by Rheinmetall every 12 months with the following considerations: • New product, service, machine, or capability • New alliance with overseas manufacturer • Decision to bring manufacturing to Australia • Value-add increase on current offering (such as spare parts and warranty provided in Australia) • New capability requirement more aligned with companies’ core capability • Failure of existing supplier in Australia or overseas • Single or sole source supplier undergoing a development process to achieve upgrade (such as achieving ISO certification)

Left: Rheinmetall has lodged a bid in response to the Australian Army’s Land 400 Phase 3 - Mounted Close Combat Capability Request For Tender (RFT). Under the tender, Rheinmetall offered the Australian Army their Lynx KF41 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), complete with the Lance turret and the Lynx Manouevre Support Vehicle (MSV). Below: Rheinmetall’s BOXER 8x8 Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV) for LAND 400 Phase 2.


Australian Welding: September 2019

Women in Welding: Emily Breadmore With over eight years experience in the construction, marine, mining, oil and energy industries, Emily Breadmore is a Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) Technician at ALS Industrial. She is an AINDT certified level two NDT technician in a range of testing methodologies, including radiography, ultrasonics, magnetic particle, and dye penetrant. While Emily has faced some challenges working in a male-dominated industry, she has also been offered numerous exciting opportunities.

Describe your job. I am currently working for ALS as an NDT Technician, focused on several different testing methods such as ultrasonics, digital radiography, magnetic particle and penetrant testing, for asset integrity. I recently started in a FIFO (Fly-In, Fly Out) role completing digital radiography corrosion inspections for a coal seam gas operation. Digital radiography is a new avenue for me; it’s really interesting learning how the technology works.

hadn’t even heard of NDT before I started working in the industry in 2011. When I was growing up, I was surrounded by welding and had always had an interest in different types of materials. However, my plan was to study dentistry because I loved physics and biology. Once I started working in the NDT industry and saw how much potential there was for a diverse career, and how much experience I could gain, I decided to continue learning and began a traineeship.

What inspired you to choose a career in welding inspection and asset integrity? I was never planning on going down the path of inspection. I actually

My traineeship with ALS was great. It was not just focused on theoretical knowledge learnt in a classroom. I was going out, working on-site with real materials and using real NDT methods. This really added

Above: Emily Breadmore at the top of a dragline at an open cut mine in central Queensland. Right: Emily Breadmore performing radiography on a yacht in a marina shipyard.

to my personal and professional experience as a 19 year old—it was really exciting and interesting. Why do you think women should choose a career in welding inspection and asset integrity? From personal experience, I have gained so much confidence in both my working and personal life. I have been offered great opportunities that I thought women could never have gained within a male dominant industry, such as welding. Any woman who has a keen interest in practical and theoretical knowledge should know that this industry has so many different avenues. And, just like men, women are more than capable of pursuing these.


Women In Welding: Emily Breadmore

Do you have any advice for women considering a welding inspection career? Being a woman in a male dominant industry has taught me to stand up and speak—before I would have felt compelled to hide in the background. I’ve gained a level of confidence in being able to problem solve and take the lead on jobs. Woman who are considering a similar career should know that if you put in the work and effort to prove—not only to yourself but to employers and employees— your work ethic and your ability to perform, it does not go unnoticed.

been exceptionally fortunate to have worked with some amazing men that have helped guide me and see my full potential.

Have you found working in a traditionally male-dominated industry difficult? How have you overcome challenges? Without a doubt, I have found it difficult. Over the years, I have experienced some harsh realities within the industry. If I had started my career 20 or 30 years ago, I imagine it would have been much worse. Today, I have my experience, knowledge, work ethic and passion to guide me toward being a stronger and more confident worker.

Who has inspired you professionally? When I first started in NDT, I had some close family friends who took me under their wing. Over the past eight years, the support from fellow technicians, trade assistants, clients, family and friends has not only guided me, but pushed me to go further and succeed in my career. There is one person in particular who has inspired me: Kristen Walsh (Group General Manager - Industrial, ALS). Kristen is a strong, highly regarded female. I have looked up to and admired Kristen for the success she has achieved in a male dominant industry.

Having women on-site is something that I feel has helped, and continues to help, the industry take a different view on how business development and working lifestyle is handled. I’ve

What is the most interesting project you’ve worked on? There have been so many different projects that I’ve had the opportunity to work on, learn some valuable skills and gain amazing experience from throughout the past eight years. If I had to pick one in particular, it would be working alongside some of the world’s top engineers and NDT technicians on a shutdown in Victoria.

What do you believe is the biggest challenge for the

Any woman who has a keen interest in practical and theoretical knowledge should know that this industry has so many different avenues. And, just like men, women are more than capable of pursuing these.” industry at the moment? Australia is known for having high standards of work. However, I feel that the industry needs to have a better understanding of how important asset integrity is. When we do not maintain our assets, they do not operate to their full potential. This can impact safety, production, the environment and company image. What do you believe is the biggest opportunity for the industry at the moment? As the industry becomes more automated, the technological advancements that are becoming available for NDT methods in particular, will help the businesses and corporations gain more accurate and consistent results for their assets and their life expectancy.

Register on the AWCR Today How to Register 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The AWCR was developed and is managed by Weld Australia. It provides a national framework for qualifying and testing welders to International Standard AS/NZS ISO 9606-1, and provides a raft of benefits for welders and industry alike.

Go to Click on ‘Click Here to Register’ Click on ‘Create An Account’ Enter your contact details Verify your email address Login and complete your profile


Australian Welder Certification Register

+61 2 8748 0100 | | |


Australian Welding: September 2019

Member Profile: M & S Fabrications Located in Newcastle, New South Wales, M & S Fabrications was established in 1995 by Managing Director, Greg Martin. Over the past 25 years, M & S Fabrications has become a highly respected steelwork fabrication business, undertaking projects in the industrial, commercial and mining fields. Weld Australia would like to congratulate M & S Fabrications for achieving certification to AS/NZS ISO 3834 Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials.

With over a quarter of a century worth of experience delivering the highest level of product specification and finish, M & S Fabrication caters for a wide range of disciplines, including: metal engineering, light to heavy fabrications, structural steel, mining equipment and associated maintenance and repair, bridgework, handrail manufacture and most methodologies for installation. Just some of their major clients include John Holland, Thiess, McDermott’s, Roads and Maritime Services, Caterpillar Global Mining, Seymour Whyte, Daracon, Lendlease, Fulton Hogan, Abergeldie and Freyssinet. According to Craig Robinson (Manager, M & S Fabrications), “We specialise in the fabrication of items that are difficult and intricate. Items that are not mass produced or manufactured in multiple quantities.

We take on projects that are more detailed and cumbersome, that are specific, individual, bespoke pieces fabricated to a really high quality and standard—rather than focusing on getting quantity out the door.” Given this approach, M & S Fabrication’s project portfolio is quite impressive. “We’re a prequalified fabricator, compliant with the requirements of Roads and Maritime Services (RMS). So, we regularly complete projects on their behalf. We’ve just finished a bridge for RMS, and we also fabricate and install barrier rail for RMS projects all the time,” said Robinson. “We’re in the process of completing some sign structures for Fulton Hogan on the M1, as well as some bridges and railings on the M1 for CBP Contractors. We’ve recently branched out and are working on

toilet rest area facilities on several major freeways as well.” “Last financial year, we undertook a lot of work for Multiplex on the Greenhills Shopping Centre in Matiland, from fitouts and car parks, through to trolley bays and handrails. We completed the fabrication of a gantry walk crossover bridge for the Wallsend Diggers RSL, which spans the main RSL building and the car park.” “We don’t limit ourselves to the local area—we also work interstate. For instance, Excell Gray Bruni is a client in Victoria that we’ve completed multiple architectural work scopes for, using Corten, HDG and high quality coatings.” “M & S Fabrication is also active in the oil and gas, mining and petrochemical sectors. We’ve done some work for McDermott CB&I


Member Profile: M & S Fabrications

on oil and gas projects. Plus, we fabricate underground and above ground machinery components for Caterpillar Global Mining and provide on-site maintenance for a range of other clients.” “Project worksites with tight physical constraints and difficult deadlines characterize M&S Fabrications working conditions. A safe work culture and consistently high quality workmanship always delivered within value for money budgets have secured regular repeat business,” said Robinson. AS/NZS ISO 3834 Certification According to Robinson, the decision to become certified to AS/NZS ISO 3834 was an easy one. “Obviously, it is a requirement of a number of our clients to become certified to AS/NZS ISO 3834. In addition, some of the new Australian Standards—such as AS/NZS 5131 Structural steelwork - Fabrication and erection—call up this certification. As such, we wanted to ensure that our operations were compliant with all the relevant codes and Standards.” “A lot of large companies in Australia have started to include certification to AS/NZS ISO 3834 under the banner of minimum requirements for fabricators. As a result, there is the opportunity for our clientele to expand, now that we hold the certification they require.” “In addition to this, we wanted to improve quality throughout the business, as well as our manufacturing processes—this was one of the main reasons we decided to get our certification.” “The certification process also gave our workshop team a better understanding of how and why to follow procedures. It taught them new, additional skills. The certification process itself was indepth, but we were able to handle it very well with the help of Weld Australia. The actual detail required was quite extensive. There was a considerable amount of work

around traceability, and paperwork, and maintaining records in regards to proof. But, it’s all there for a reason—it’s there to make sure that companies are being truthful, so that the end product is fabricated to a high standard. This way, clients know that the quality of the product is spot on. Certification helps to set the benchmark for quality.” Robinson has some great advice for other companies considering certification to AS/NZS ISO 3834. “The advice I would give any other company looking to become certified is to find the time to visit a fabricator or manufacturer that is already certified. This way, you can see what’s involved, better understand the best way to go about it, and take away some pros and cons. You’ll have peace of mind

Far Left: L to R: Craig Robinson (Manager, M&S Fabrications) and Sasanka Sinha (Senior Welding Engineer, Weld Australia). Left: a bridge fabricated by M & S for Roads and Maritime Services (RMS). Above (Top): equipment fabricated for the mining industry by M & S. Above (Bottom): a gantry walk crossover bridge that M & S fabricated for the Wallsend Diggers RSL.

that you’re set up correctly before you begin the certification process. Then, once you get started on the certification process, you have to make sure you set aside the time to complete everything properly. You have to make the project a priority,” said Robinson. For further information, visit:


Australian Welding: September 2019

UAP: Taking Architecture, Art & Fabrication Global Brothers Daniel and Matthew Tobin originally established UAP as ‘Urban Artists’ in 1993. Together they created a studio and workshop in Brisbane that could facilitate projects, work with artists, and realise art for the public realm. Now a global company with studios in New York, Shanghai, Singapore, and Dubai, UAP is recognised as a leader in public art and architectural design solutions. For more than 25 years, they have shared their expertise and experience, collaborating with artists, architects and designers to deliver a proud portfolio of award-winning projects. Today, UAP has three distinct arms to its business. There is UAP Studio, which collaborates with and commissions artists to create site-specific artwork; UAP Factory, which works alongside architects and developers to develop and construct their creative vision; and UAP Supply, which collaborates with and commissions designers to create functional streetscape elements and bespoke furniture.

architects and designers to deliver creative outcomes for the public realm. We engage in all aspects of the delivery process, from commissioning and curatorial services, through to concept generation and design development, then into fabrication and installation. UAP takes pride in embracing uncommon creativity and extending the creative practice. We consider ourselves as explorers, creatives and makers.”

Their collaborative approach gives artists the space to develop ideas, investigate materiality, deliver projects, and extend their practice. Supported by core values of creativity, collaboration, insightfulness and innovation, UAP offers pioneering design solutions, formulated through rigorous research, development and consultation.

UAP works with world-renowned artists and architects like Ai Weiwei, Carsten Höller, and Frank Gehry on highly complex sculptures and architectural features. They are committed to protecting artists’ voices and maintaining the integrity of artists’ concepts. UAP assumes responsibility for engineering and logistical challenges, so that artists can focus on what is really important to them: making art.

According to Amanda Harris (General Manager, UAP), “UAP began life as Urban Artists almost 25 years ago, we intended to commission and make artwork for public spaces. Our first public commission was for Australian Indigenous artist Judy Watson. UAP collaborates with emerging and established artists,

Above: UAP’s workshops boast advanced technology, such as robotic milling and digital fabrication equipment. Right (Top): UAP’s team members use the Microsoft HoloLens augmented reality technology to visualise, setout and construct projects. Right (Bottom): An example of what UAP team members actually see while using the Microsoft Hololens.

Harris is obviously proud of UAP’s artistic heritage, “UAP has developed a reputation for making memorable large-scale public art projects such as the sculptural staircase developed with Frank Gehry for the

UAP: Taking Architecture, Art & Fabrication Global


Left & Below: The Dr Chau Chak Wing Building is the new Business School building of the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) and is the first building in Australia designed by architect Frank Gehry. The $180 million dollar project is a once-in-a-generation vision, delivering a vibrant and engaging education precinct unlike any development in Sydney. UAP worked with Gehry Partners to explore and develop fabrication methods for the internal sculptural staircase which forms the centerpiece of the Gehry building interior. Built from polished stainless steel, the crumpled mirrored staircase is representative of Gehry’s unique sculptural style, with the balustrade undulating and twisting as it weaves up from the lobby to the first floor. Working with Gehry Partners and Lend Lease, UAP fabricated and installed this internal architectural feature.

UTS Business School in Sydney, the Jürgen Mayer’s installation in Times Square and the lobby at 10 Hudson Yard in New York, the Wahat Al Karama’s Memorial in Abu Dhabi designed by British artist Idris Khan and Willow Creek, and a large scale sculpture by Australian artist Emily Floyd for the Jackalope Hotel in Victoria’s Mornington Peninsula.” According to Matthew Tobin (Founder and Managing Director, UAP), “UAP was born out of our interests in artwork for the public realm and we were frustrated that access to a foundry was not possible. My brother Daniel and I are both creatives, who wanted to engage wholeheartedly in the process of collaboration and making work for other creatives.” In July, UAP announced their involvement in casting and fabricating Kehinde Wiley’s monumental bronze sculpture Rumors of War, to be unveiled in Times Square on 27 September 2019. After its presentation in Times Square, Rumors of War will be permanently installed at the entrance of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts on Arthur Ashe Boulevard in Richmond, Virginia. After first consulting with the artist through the pattern making phase, UAP is now moving into complete production, using fine art bronze casting processes. The resulting, towering bronze statue will stand atop a large stone plinth that UAP will also construct. Daniel Tobin (Founder and Creative Director, UAP) stated, “UAP is pleased to be able to play a part in the creation of Kehinde Wiley’s first public sculpture, ‘Rumors of War’. Our team of highly skilled makers have worked alongside the artist’s studio, Sean Kelly, New York and Times Square Arts to transform Kehinde Wiley’s extraordinary vision into a monumental public sculpture for Times Square.”


Australian Welding: September 2019

Robotics and Vision Systems for Design-Led Manufacturing “The majority of UAP’s projects involve some form of welding or fabrication, whether it’s the joining of multiple smaller cast components of a large scale bronze or aluminium sculpture, elements of a decorative façade cladding, or the creation of structural steel work for a playground,” said Harris. “UAP has a multi-disciplinary team and their capabilities include patternmaking, carpentry, mould-making and foundry specialists, automotive grade painting, metal finishing and polishing, welding and fabrication teams, as well as robotic milling and digital fabrication.” “A few years ago UAP fabricated a polished stainless steel staircase for Gehry and Partners, which is installed at the University of Technology in Sydney. The mirror cladding is highly complex, with complex curvatures and twists that appear crumpled and are intentionally distorted. This project was designed in advanced software and engineering platforms, but the most effective delivery method for that design was fabrication techniques, including panel beating, that are centuries old.” “At that point, we realised that it must be possible to close the gap between those two parts of the process. Since then, we have been developing new skills and approaches, including robotic finishing and visioning. We’ve also been arming our fabrication teams with more advanced technology capabilities to better equip them for the challenging tasks that they undertake. For example, our boilermakers (as well as other team

members) have been using augmented reality to visualise, setout and construct some of our recent projects,” said Harris. UAP is collaborating with the IMCRC (Innovative Manufacturing Cooperative Research Centre), Queensland University of Technology and RMIT University to use innovative robotic vision systems and software user-interfaces to reduce the integration time between design and custom manufacturing. This will improve competitive advantage by enhancing the company’s ability to manufacture high-value products and reduce time and cost to manufacture. This technology will not only provide commercial value to UAP, but will also benefit other Australian manufacturers across different industries, such as medical devices, construction and aerospace where mass-customised products are in high demand. With the development of these new, advanced technologies, Harris believes that the future is bright for Australia’s welding industry, “Australian welders and fabricators are in a unique position to engage with the development of new and upcoming technologies, help tailor it to their own needs, and potentially position themselves as global leaders in new methods of manufacture. The recent announcement of the Advanced Robotics for Manufacturing (ARM) Hub, by Queensland Government further supports this type of development.” The Queensland Government recently announced that it will invest $7.71 million over four years to establish the nation’s first robotics manufacturing hub to create and support more jobs.

UAP: Taking Architecture, Art & Fabrication Global

Minister for Manufacturing Cameron Dick said the Advanced Robotics for Manufacturing (ARM) Hub, would be developed in partnership with Queensland University of Technology and UAP. “The Hub will attract more than $10 million in additional investment from QUT, UAP, and other partner organisations to bring the total investment to almost $18 million,” said Minister Dick. “Few things are reshaping the world faster than the emergence of robotics and autonomous systems. But the good news is that for every robotic system that UAP acquires, new high-value jobs are created, often entirely new jobs or jobs that would have otherwise been off-shored to other countries.” “A report ‘The Robotics and Automation Advantage for Queensland’ commissioned by QUT found the most likely economic benefit from the adoption of robotics and automation in Queensland over the next 10 years is 1.5 per cent added growth, a $77.2 billion boost to Gross State Product and 725,810 new jobs created.” “The ARM Hub will provide practical production and manufacturing advice in a real-life factory environment, enabling Queensland manufacturers to learn cuttingedge robotic technologies and techniques, and develop industry skill and expertise to apply to their own businesses. This is a facility for all of Queensland. All manufacturers across the state will be able to access the ARM Hub, across sectors as diverse as aerospace, biomedical, beef and food processing, defence, mining equipment, technology and services, rail manufacturing, and space,” said Minister Dick.


Below: UAP collaborated with British artist, Idris Khan, to realise a monument as the centrepiece of the new AECOM designed United Arab Emirates (UAE) Memorial Park, ‘Wahat Al Karama’, in Abu Dhabi. Commissioned by His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, the memorial honours the members of the UAE Armed Forces and the sacrifices made in support of their country’s sovereignty, dignity and freedom. The centrepiece of ‘Wahat Al Karama’, meaning “the oasis of dignity”, is a 90m long monument comprised of 31 leaning tablets which symbolise the support between soldiers, families and citizens in the face of adversity. Clad with over 850 cast aluminium panels, sections of the tablets are sandblasted and stamped with poems by emirs of the UAE. The ‘Pavilion of Honour’ positioned at the end of the memorial journey was designed by Khan in collaboration with bureau^proberts. The internal walls of the pavilion are clad with over 2,700 plates cast from 11 tons of recycled aluminium sourced from decommissioned armoured vehicles. The plates are embedded with names of UAE heroes whose lives have been lost in service. Idris Khan was selected from a curation of international artists, where a strong cultural connection and understanding made his memorial the winning concept. UAP worked closely with Khan, from concept design to fabrication and installation, to translate his vision into this monumental work.


Australian Welding: September 2019

TEi Services Certified to AS/NZS ISO 3834 Since its incorporation in 1968, TEi Services has built its success on a diverse range of engineered solutions, from architectural projects, industrial warehouses and complex mechanical agriculture equipment, through to transport assets, mining infrastructure and mineral processing equipment. Headquartered in a 5,500m2 manufacturing facility in Townsville’s Bohle Industrial Estate, TEi recently achieved certification to AS/NZS ISO 3834 Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials.

From humble beginnings, TEi Services has grown from a small jobbing shop to an established engineering and construction company. Their workshop has delivered a wide range of steelwork fabrication projects, including medium to heavy steelwork, pipework and platework. Boasting one of the largest fabrication workshops in northern Australia, TEi has modern facilities, complete with heavy lift overhead cranes and state of the art plasma cutting equipment. Their manufacturing facilities have an annual capacity of approximately 2,000 tonnes of structural steelwork, and approximately 1,000 tonnes of platework. TEi continually invests in new equipment, including horizontal and vertical automatic tank welding equipment that has enabled the company to maximise productivity, reliability and weld quality.

Certification helps to reinforce our position as leaders in our industry—the type of company that the major primes are seeking to engage.”

TEi is also an industry leader in uniquely designed steel trommel screens for Ball and SAG Mill screening technology, with clients in Australia, Africa, Spain, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Their lightweight, disposable, fullywelded units are manufactured to withstand arduous working conditions in the hard rock, gold and copper mining, quarry and waste industries. Their units deliver a long wear life, reducing change out times, and can be retrofitted for rapid change-over and minimal plant downtime. TEi has also completed the construction of numerous tanks and vessels for local government councils, mineral refining, mining and sugar milling companies. According to Adam Packer (Business Development Manager, TEi Services), “For over 50 years, TEi has been providing engineering services and building customised solutions

worldwide, making our clients lives easier with increased profitability and reduced risk for minor projects, major projects and steel trommels. We believe in delivering the ideal buying experience; needs, quality outcomes and cost effective solutions for our clients.” “TEi Services targets high-spec infrastructure and mining fabrication works. In doing so, this enables us to maintain a consistently high quality of workmanship throughout our facility. We are currently manufacturing some major bridge infrastructure. This is being fabricated as per the requirements of the Queensland Government Main Roads specifications, which are some of the most stringent steel specifications in the industry.” Certification to ISO 3834 “Deciding to become ISO 3834 certified was a natural path for our company. It formalised, under a third party certification scheme, what we already do as part of our every day

TEi Services Certified to AS/NZS ISO 3834

processes. The certification process came about as a result of engaging with some major primes in the defence and infrastructure sectors. Although our practices were already in line with the requirements, formal certification was desired by the primes,” said Packer. “Certification enables us to set KPIs and goals to achieve, and a means by which to monitor and report on those KPIs. In addition, certification is increasingly becoming a part of Standards and projects specifications. As such, certification helps to reinforce our position as leaders in our industry—the type of

Above: TEi Services is presented with their certification. L to R: Terry Eaton (Production Manager, TEi Services), Geoff Crittenden (CEO, Weld Australia), Adam Packer (Business Development Manager, TEi Services). Right (Top): TEi Services personnel working on rail bridge beams for Queensland Rail. Right (Middle): TEi Services personnel working on rail bridge beams for Queensland Rail. Right (Bottom): Installed Queensland Rail railway bridges. Left: (L to R): TEi Services team members Terry Eaton (Production Manager), Richard Parker (General Manager), Jody McGuiness (HSEQ and Auditing), and Frank Russo (Welding Coordinator).

company that the major primes are seeking to engage.” “The certification process itself was very rewarding. While our systems and processes were generally in line with the Standard’s requirements, going through the desktop and site audits with Weld Australia helped us to identify areas for improvement, to raise our practices to the next level, and close some gaps that we identified.” Packer has this advice for companies considering certification: “Just go for it! If you want to be relevant in the markets, particularly


around infrastructure and defence, it will become more of the norm than the exception, particularly as Standards and specifications develop. But, you must approach the certification process with an open mind and be prepared to take constructive criticism for what it is.” “Don’t lose heart. The process will help you to develop the systems and processes that make managing quality far less daunting and more streamlined throughout your business practices,” said Packer. For further information, visit:


Australian Welding: September 2019

The Economics of Weld Cameras According to the American Welding Society, unaided visual weld examinations remain the industry standard for most inspections. An experienced set of eyes is sufficient to check for cleanliness and spot discontinuity in the base metal, and to ensure that welded joints are properly fitted. Similarly, post-weld destructive and non-destructive inspection methods continue to be the predominant means by which to identify welding flaws. While these inspection methods are necessary when examining the weld before and after the welding process, they are not as helpful during the welding process. And yet, the importance of monitoring welds during the welding process has increased as these processes and materials have become more sophisticated. Fortunately, advancements in camera and imaging technology are changing how and when inspections are completed. Today, modern compact camera technology and specialty software are offering inspectors and welders an unprecedented ability to view the welding process in-detail, and in real-time. Previously, the ability

Today, modern compact camera technology and specialty software are offering inspectors and welders an unprecedented ability to view the welding process in-detail, and in real-time.”

to capture an analytically useful image of the welding process was limited by the obscuring intensity of the bright light produced by the arc. In fact, seeing the arc at all usually requires welding shields or helmets. But now, small and powerful digital cameras, coupled with advanced image software, can be used to monitor a weld’s development. Recent advances in advanced CMOS image sensor design and supporting electronics allow bestin-class cameras to provide high contrast images without saturation of the brightest portion of the image, exposing the details of the electrode, melt pool, seam and surroundings. The Benefits of Weld Cameras There are many benefits to using cameras during the welding process. Inspectors and welders can view images while welding is in progress, allowing the detection of defects and identification of problems with welds and welder technique early on. This leads to faster corrections, less scrap, and less time lost due to repairs, as well as a reduced risk of losing an entire batch of welds because a flaw went unnoticed in the initial stages of production. Porosity, which is a common defect

that occurs when gas is trapped in the molten weld pool, is more easily detected with the use of weld cameras. As the weld cools and solidifies, the gas forms bubbles that appear as voids in the weld material upon inspection. Weld cameras are also useful in identifying inclusions. The naked eye, behind a welding helmet, is sometimes blind to these small contaminants that cause inclusions, which is where a weld camera can make a difference. One of the unexpected benefits of using a weld camera is the ability to quickly and remotely align the torch and seam. Traditionally, torch alignment with the seam is performed manually by eye, often from less than ideal angles in awkward positions. For example, a fabricator lying down on a weld seamer trying to peer into a small gap or climbing on a ladder to see the top of a large-diameter pipe simply doesn’t have a good view of what’s going on. By integrating weld cameras with the process, an operator is able to obtain a clear, bright view of the torch and seam, no matter the setup. Any operator is then able to use the weld camera to consistently achieve alignment.

The Economics of Weld Cameras

Real time monitoring can result in less disruptions to the welding process to undertake quality checks and verification, leading to higher productivity. Combined with nondestructive examination methods, inspectors are also less dependent on destroying a selection of completed welds to test for quality. Inspectors and welders can record footage of the arc and weld pool for more detailed post-weld analysis. Recordings of live welds make invaluable teaching tools, as instructors can show easy-to-follow footage of proper arc formation or correct electrode placement. Finally, there is a range of benefits associated with workforce health and safety. For instance, removing a welder or an inspector from hard-to-access, high, or otherwise constrained work environments, improves site safety, and reduces fatigue and work stoppages, improving overall productivity. Weld cameras also remove operators from close exposure to possibly carcinogenic fumes. The use of advanced technology, such as weld cameras, can impact positively on a company’s workforce, improving the morale of welders, engaging young apprentices, and extending the careers of aging welders, who are no longer able to work in constrained environments. By combining automation and weld cameras, a company can scale their business operations, with fewer workforce constraints—weld


automation operators can monitor more than one line at a time using weld cameras. Weld cameras indicate a commitment to best-in-class quality and technology. When bidding for contracts, offering to archive and share all welding videos could provide a competitive advantage. A New Tool to Teach Welding Using weld cameras in a classroom offers many benefits for students, instructors, and administrators. Cameras provide a highly dynamic range of images with a clear view of the weld arc, torch tip, and the darker surrounding features, such as the weld pool and seam. Rather than having to crowd around instructors, with weld cameras students are able to clearly see all features of the weld process. This provides a better weld instruction experience, without the instructor having to restart or repeat the welding process should students miss portions of the lesson. The ability to record each lesson also gives students the ability to repeatedly view and learn from the demonstrations, and enables instructors to maintain a permanent record of material, avoiding the need to constantly recreate lessons. Administrators experience benefits from the use of weld cameras in classrooms as well. The technology can eliminate space constraints in weld training booths and allow instructors to teach more students. References: • •

Xiris Weld Cameras are Coming to Australia Weld Australia is partnering with Xiris Automation to bring their weld camera products to Australia. In entering into this relationship with Weld Australia, David Garrard (Director - APAC, Xiris Automation) said, “We are excited to work with an excellent partner who has many years of experience in the welding industry at all levels in Australia, combining training and certification experience with extensive welding equipment knowledge. They share our values of a high level of commitment to ensuring customer satisfaction and continuous improvement of technical knowledge.” Xiris Automation specialises in developing optical equipment used for process and quality control across a number of specialty industries. With an extensive product line, Xiris helps manufacturers detect, recognise, and interpret quality defects in manufactured goods. For further information, visit:


Australian Welding: September 2019

Key Developments Continue at the AWTCs In 2018-2019, Weld Australia secured over $5 million in Government funding for the establishment of nine Advanced Welder Training Centres (AWTCs), located at: the TAFE SA Regency Campus in Adelaide, South Australia; the Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council in South Burnie, Tasmania; TAFE Queensland at SkillsTech Acacia Ridge in Brisbane, Caboolture, Townsville and Cairns; Box Hill TAFE in Melbourne, Victoria; Bendigo Kangan Institute in Victoria; and Federation University Australia in Ballarat, Victoria. The AWTCs will use augmented reality welding simulators to upksill qualified welders and train transitionary workers to international welding certification standard ISO 9606-1 Qualification testing of welders - Fusion welding.

The last quarter has seen key developments at several of the AWTCs across the nation. ‘Train the Trainer’ courses have been delivered at a number of the AWTCs. Plus, programs have been launched, with students undertaking training using the cutting edge augmented reality welding simulators. In addition, TAFE Queensland SkillsTech has embarked upon a detailed program of presentations, designed to showcase both the Soldamatic welding simulator and the ISO 9606-1 training courses. Federation University Australia in Ballarat Federation University Australia in Ballarat recently completed ‘Train the Trainer’ training on the Soldamatic augmented reality welding simulator, and is now preparing to undertake the ‘Train the Trainer’ ISO 9606-1 program. This will see Federation University officially recognised as a Weld Australia AWTC, enabling them

Right: The Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council (TMMEC) recently facilitated two weeks of welder training at Mountain Heights High School—Tasmania’s most remote school—using the Soldamatic augmented reality welding simulators.

to deliver and assess courses in accordance with the international welding Standard.

augmented reality welding simulators in other trades that feature welding.

Kangan Institute in Bendigo The Kangan Institute is also working towards AWTC accreditation, having recently had their welding staff complete the ‘Train the Trainer’ program on the Soldamatic augmented reality welding simulators, and now preparing to embark on the ISO 9606-1 component.

Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council (TMMEC) in Burnie The Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council (TMMEC) recently facilitated two weeks of welder training at Mountain Heights High School in Queenstown—Tasmania’s most remote school. This was the first metals program completed in the school within the last four years.

Regency TAFE in Adelaide The AWTC at Regency TAFE in Adelaide completed all ‘Train the Trainer’ courses last year. As such, Regency TAFE is now in a position to use the simulator technology in the delivery of courses within the MEM05 Metal and Engineering Training Package. These courses include Certificates I, II, III and IV in Engineering, among others. Regency TAFE is also investigating the use of the Soldamatic

The training comprised both the use of Soldamatic augmented reality welding simulators, and real-world welding skills in a class room environment for a total of 80 students. Students ranged in age from grade five, through to grade 13. The majority of the augmented reality training was conducted over week one. Students moved from

Inside Weld Australia: Advanced Welder Training Centres

beginner level to intermediate level in Gas Metal Arc Welding, and tackled the beginner level in Manual Metal Arc Welding processes. The students all achieved good average scores in the range of 80% to 97% with continued practice. The second week of training comprised a mixture of practical welding in the metals workshop and further simulator practice. Several standout students produced single run fillet welds of a very acceptable quality standard. The program was warmly received— all session were attended with great enthusiasm. The student engagement was particularly pleasing, resulted in very high rates of hands-on learning. TAFE Queensland TAFE Queensland SkillsTech is working closely with major industries in their region to deliver training solutions through ISO 9606-1 and the augmented reality technology. SkillsTech also plans to incorporate their technology into welding training in their apprenticeship programs and other government subsidised courses. As such, SkillsTech has recently commenced a campaign to market ISO 9606-1 training courses, as well as their new AWTC facility. Over the last three months, TAFE Queensland SkillsTech has facilitated a series of presentations to showcase the new Soldamatic augmented reality simulators. In late June, SkillsTech visited Harrap’s (a leading supplier of integrated marine engineering, fabrication, maintenance and construction services) Hemmant facilities. As a result, six Harrap employees are expected to participate in ISO 9606-1 training. In early July, SkillsTech held a presentation at Chinchilla for Shell’s QGC venture. QGC produces natural gas from the Surat Basin of southern Queensland and supplies domestic and international markets. The objective of this presentation

was to inform QGC welding supply chain participants of the new ISO 9606-1 training. In mid-July, SkillsTech visited Brisbane Die Gauge and Tool (BDGT) Precision Engineering—a leading CNC machining facility for the resources, packaging, construction and manufacturing industries. In late July, SkillsTech facilitated a demonstration in conjunction with Kemmpi. In addition to the welding simulators, this demonstration featured Kemmpi’s ‘Fastmig machines’ and ‘WeldEye Weld monitoring software’. This demonstration was a result of direct feedback from a workshop held with DMTC earlier in the year. SkillsTech also held a presentation at the Trade Training Centre in Townsville, in partnership with the Department of State Development, Infrastructure and Planning’s Advanced Manufacturing Hub. Finally, SkillsTech representatives recently met with Major General (Retired) Fergus McLachlan, who is the Department of State Development, Infrastructure and Planning’s new strategic advisor for the LAND 400 project. McLachlan was given a tour of the heavy vehicle and welding departments to demonstrate how SkillsTech is working to support defence. Weld Australia is looking forward to collaborating with AWTC members at the upcoming national meeting.

Top: A Student at Regency TAFE in Adelaide tries their hand at welding using a Soldamatic augmented reality welding simulator. Middle: The ‘Train the Trainer’ program at TAFE Queensland SkillsTech. Bottom: The ‘Train the Trainer’ program at Federation University Australia in Ballarat.



Australian Welding: September 2019

An Update from Weld Australia’s Industry Groups Weld Australia’s Industry Groups provide a forum for technology transfer and research and development, linking members with industry and research organisations. Weld Australia works with Industry Group members to ensure they remain diverse and resilient in the ever-changing and increasingly challenging global markets. Members engineer innovative solutions that enhance safety, manage risk, reduce cost, and optimise operating efficiency by: sharing the cost of implementing new technologies; developing best practices; and providing a forum to brainstorm common needs and solutions. To become an Industry Group member, contact

Road and Rail Industry Group The Road and Rail Industry Group met on 3 July 2019 in Melbourne. Hosted by VicRoads, the meeting was attended by representatives from Roads and Maritime Services (New South Wales), VicRoads (Victoria), Transport and Main Roads (Queensland), Main Roads (Western Australia), and Weld Australia. Committee members were praised for their contribution towards the development of the Austroads Steel Fabrication Specification. Industry Group Chairman, Houman Hatamian (Senior Welding Engineer, Roads and Maritime Services) briefly explained the progress of the Austroads Steel Fabrication Specification. Hatamian stressed the importance of certification of fabricators to AS/NZS ISO 3834 Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials, in order to meet the requirements outlined for Construction Category 3 (CC3) in AS/NZS 5131 Structural Steelwork— Fabrication and erection. Road and Rail Industry Group members also discussed the development of the Austroads Stainless Steel Fabrication Specification. This Specification will set out the minimum requirements for the preparation, welding, inspection and testing, and final acceptance of stainless structures and components which must be

fabricated in accordance with the technical specifications. The objective of this Specification is to provide rules for the welding of a wide range of stainless-steel fabrications, including statically and dynamically loaded welds. This Specification emphasises that weld preparations, welding consumables and welding procedures be qualified before commencement of welding. Stainless steels require discipline and care throughout the manufacturing process to avoid damage to the protective oxide layer on the surface, and to retain the microstructure to ensure corrosion performance. Non-compliance during any stage of manufacturing

may lead to a serious failure. The Austroads Stainless Steel Fabrication Specification will address: • Design, Specification, Documentation and Traceability • Materials • Preparation, Assembly and Fabrication • Welding • Mechanical Fastening • Surface Finish of Welds • Architecturally Exposed Structural Work • Erection • Geometrical Tolerances • Inspection, Testing and Correction • Site Modifications during Erection and Modification • Repair of Existing Structures

Weld Australia Industry Group members receive: • Participation in tailored industry projects • Membership to the Technology Support Network, which offers services to asset managers and prime contractors • Regular industry updates and networking events • Opportunity to participate in industry research and development projects • Access to Industry Group technical and research material

Inside Weld Australia: Weld Australia’s Industry Groups

Advanced Welder Training Courses Fusion Welding Courses There are two ISO 9606 Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding —Part 1: Steels courses listed on, the National Register of Vocational Education and Training (VET) in Australia. This is the authoritative source of Nationally Recognised Training and Registered Training Organisations (RTOs). These courses were developed in Victoria in 2018. One is intended for inexperienced welders, the other for experienced welders. Both use augmented reality welding simulators as a key component of the training. Transition Workers To complete the Course in Fusion Welding to AS/NZS ISO 9606 for Transition Workers, you must successfully complete seven units of competency (four core and three elective). Core units: • Simulate fusion welding processes using augmented reality equipment • Identify welding processes, safe welding practices and use of hand and power tools • Interpret and apply AS/NZS ISO 9606 for fusion welding processes • Perform fusion welding procedures to meet the procedures of ISO 9606-1 (Steels – carbon steels) Experienced Welders To complete the Course in Fusion Welding to AS/NZS ISO 9606 for Experienced Welders, you must successfully complete three units of competency (one core and two elective). The core unit is: Interpret and apply AS/NZS ISO 9606 for fusion welding processes. Elective Units Other elective units available include: • Perform fusion welding procedures to meet AS/NZS ISO 9606-1 (Steels – stainless steel) • Perform fusion welding procedures to meet AS/NZS ISO 9606-2 (Aluminium and aluminium alloys) • Perform fusion welding procedures to meet the requirements of AS/NZS ISO 9606-3, 4 or 5 (Exotic metals) • Perform routine manual metal arc welding • Perform routine gas metal arc welding • Perform manual heating and thermal cutting • Read and interpret technical drawings and make measurements for a welding procedure Further Information For further information, contact: +61 2 8748 0100, or

Enrol in a Fusion Welding Course Today

You can enrol in a Fusion Welding course through any of the Advanced Welder Training Centres across Australia. These are all listed below. Queensland TAFE Queensland Caboolture Campus Tallon Street, Caboolture, Queensland TAFE Queensland SkillsTech 247 Bradman Street, Acacia Ridge, Queensland South Australia TAFE SA Regency Campus 137 Days Road, Regency Park, South Australia Tasmania Tasmanian Minerals and Energy Council 13 Wellington Street, Burnie, Tasmania Victoria Box Hill Institute 465 Elgar Road, Box Hill, Melbourne, Victoria Bendigo TAFE 23 Mundy Street, Bendigo, Victoria Federation University Lydiard Street South, Ballarat, Victoria



Australian Welding: September 2019

An Update from Weld Australia’s Hotline Weld Australia offers a ‘Hotline’ service to all Corporate Members. The purpose of the Hotline is not to provide a solution, but to advise the enquirer on practical next steps. For further advice, Weld Australia’s highly experienced welding consultants can speak to you over the phone or visit your site in person. If you have a Hotline query complete our online contact form and we will respond as soon as possible:

The Weld Australia Hotline recently received a query from a member regarding ‘Coded Welders’. The member was particularly interested in the difference between a Coded Welder and a Weld Australia Certified Welder. Below is an overview of the response that was provided. Within the welding industry, people commonly people talk about three types of welders: Coded Welders; Certified Welders; and Qualified Welders. In order to identify the differences between these terms, it is important to understand the definition of each one. Coded Welders The term ‘Coded Welder’ is generally used to describe a welder who has

performed a welder qualification test to a specific qualified weld procedure in conformance with the relevant application Standard, such AS/NZS 1554.1 Structural steel welding—Welding of steel structures or AS/NZS 3992 Pressure equipment—Welding and brazing qualification. The term ‘Coded Welder’ is most likely derived from the fact that Standards in Australia used to be referred to as ‘Codes’. Therefore, the tested welder was qualified to the ‘Code’ and said to be ‘Coded”. Certified Welders The term ‘Certified Welder’ is generally used to describe a welder who has successfully completed at

least one of the AS 1796 Certification of welders and welding supervisors Certificates 1 to 9. Irrespective their certification, ‘Certified Welders’ are typically required to also qualify to a weld procedure on the job. Qualified Welders In all cases, Australian Standards (i.e. ‘Codes’) require that all welders are suitably qualified to undertake the weld required. Australian Standards then usually describe at least one method through which a welder can demonstrate their ability to produce welds that conform with the Standard. Once the welder has demonstrated their ability to produce conforming welds, they become


Inside Weld Australia: Hotline Update

Weld Australia delivers a comprehensive range of training and qualification services designed to help Australian welders, fabrication companies, and the industrial sector at large achieve and maintain a competitive advantage.”

a ‘Qualified Welder’. This typically includes ‘Certified Welders’. The most common method of qualification is for the welder (including ‘Certified Welders’) to qualify to a weld procedure as indicated above. The welder’s qualification allows the welder to weld within a narrow, defined range of parameters. If the welder has to weld using settings outside of the specified range of parameters, a separate qualification is then required. These parameters may be also referred to as the welder’s essential variables. Both the AS/NZS 1554 series and AS/NZS 3992 use this method of welder qualification extensively. The second method of qualification requires that the welder perform the weld, as outlined in the Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) in conformance with a specific welder qualification Standard, such as AS/NZS ISO 9606-1 Qualification testing of welders—Fusion welding— Part 1: Steels. This method may be specified for defence applications and welding on public infrastructure, such as roads and bridges, or where there may safety requirements associated with higher risk fabricated structures. Fabricators also have the option to utilise this method of welder qualification for the welding of other structural steel or pressure

equipment at their discretion. This method also has a range of essential variables associated with it, but these may not be as restrictive as those associated with the ‘Coded Welder’ method, due to the higher skill levels demonstrated by the welder. What Is AS/NZS ISO 9606-1? Originating from European practices, AS/NZS ISO 9606-1 provides for a standardised method of testing a welder’s skill utilising welding processes, materials, consumables and procedures likely to be encountered during the fabrication of steelwork. Consistent with most welder qualification standards, it not only qualifies the welder for the conditions of test but also for all other conditions considered easier to weld in accordance with the Standard. Whilst the Standard provides a method of testing consistent with many other national application standards, it likewise also assumes that the welder has suitable industrial experience or training with the relevant welding process. Unlike other welder qualification Standards used in Australia, AS/NZS ISO 9606-1 is not specifically limited or linked to any specific industry sector. As such, it provides for a broad range of application without complexity or compromising quality. This affords

fabricators and welders alike the opportunity to work across industry sectors without the costs associated with requalifying welders welding on similar joints and materials. Weld Australia delivers a comprehensive range of training and qualification services designed to help Australian welders, fabrication companies and the industrial sector at large achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. As an International Institute of Welding (IIW) Authorised Nominated Body (ANB) and an Authorised Training Body (ATB), we provide internationally recognised qualifications. For further information on qualification or certification, contact

This Hotline update covers a specific query encountered during the last few months. Whilst accuracy in welding is critical, it is impossible to report in detail the full circumstances of the query. As such, Weld Australia recommends that further technical advice is sought in relation to specific, individual circumstances.

Australian Welding: September 2019


2019-2020 Training Calendar Weld Australia delivers a comprehensive range of training and certification services, all of which are designed to help Australian welders and fabricators achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. As the premier welding certification body in Australia, an International Institute of Welding (IIW) Authorised Nominated Body (ANB) and an Authorised Training Body (ATB), Weld Australia offers individual certifications, including: Welding Inspector, Welding Specialist, Welding Technologist, Welding Engineer, AS 1796 Welding Supervisor Certificate 10, and AS 2214 Welding Supervisor.

International Welding Inspector - Basic Location



11 - 15 November 2019


20 - 24 April 2020


16 - 20 September 2019


9 - 13 September 2019

International Welding Inspector - Standard

International Welding Specialist Location



Week 2: 30 September - 4 October 2019 Week 3: 28 October 2019 - 1 November 2019 Week 4: 25 - 29 November 2019 Week 5: 16 - 20 December 2019


Week 4: 4 - 8 November 2019 Week 5: 2 - 6 December 2019


Week 1: 10 - 14 February 2020 Week 2: 9 - 13 March 2020 Week 3: 20 - 24 April 2020 Week 4: 18 - 22 May 2020 Week 5: 15 - 19 June 2020


Week 1: 18 - 22 November 2019 Week 2: 9 - 13 December 2019 Week 3: 13 - 17 January 2020 Week 4: 17 - 21 February 2020 Week 5: 16 - 20 March 2020




Part 1: 13 - 17 July 2020 Part 2 : 3 - 5 August 2020


Part 1: 16 - 20 November 2020 Part 2: 7 - 9 December 2020


Part 1: 9 - 13 September 2019 Part 2: 23 - 25 September 2019


Part 1: 28 September - 1 November 2019 Part 2: 11 - 13 November 2019



Part 1: 23 - 27 September 2019 Part 2: 9 - 11 October 2019

Australia-wide 7 January 2019 - 20 December 2019

Welding Workshop Supervisor (Blended Learning Program) Dates


The practical and theoretical knowledge of the trainers was excellent, the opportunity to draw on their knowledge was fantastic.�

Inside Weld Australia: 2019-2020 Training Calendar


This is the second IWI course I have taken and on both accounts I have been very impressed with the presenters. The level of knowledge from all the teachers is impressive.”

International Welding Engineer Location



Module 1: 23 - 27 September 2019 Practical Phase: 25 - 29 November 2019 Module 2: 2 - 6 December 2019 Module 3: 10 - 14 February 2020 Module 4: 4 - 8 May 2020

International Welding Technologist Location



Module 1: 23 - 27 September 2019 Practical Phase: 25 - 29 November 2019 Module 2: 2 - 6 December 2019 Module 3: 10 - 14 February 2020 Module 4: 4 - 8 May 2020

Welding Technology Appreciation for Engineers (3DE) Location



11 - 13 May 2020


16 - 18 November 2019


26 - 28 October 2019


19 – 21 October 2019

Please note: Weld Australia reserves the right to cancel or change dates of any training course due to insufficient registrations or other reasons beyond its control, and reserves the right to refuse enrolments.

The Benefits of Training & Qualification Weld Australia training and certification is a strong addition to your career portfolio. It demonstrates to employers that you possess advanced welding knowledge, essential to ensuring the highest levels of workmanship. Qualification demonstrates to employers that you are dedicated to continually learning and growing in your field. These are qualities that are essential for success in team leadership roles or for more complex projects. Online & Blended Learning In conjunction with the American Welding Society (AWS), Weld Australia offers online courses to help develop your welding knowledge and to better inform you for your professional development. The content has been developed by senior people within the profession and is regularly updated. These courses are available any time, day and night, and are designed as self-paced modules which will allow the student to complete them in their own time. Courses include: • Economics of Welding • Fabrication Maths (Basic and Advanced) • Metallurgy (Basic and Advanced) • Non-Destructive Testing • Welding Fundamentals (Basic and Advanced) • Welding Safety • Welding Sales Representative • Welding Symbols In-House Training Weld Australia can present any of its courses to your employees in-house at the location of your choosing. We can also tailor training courses specifically for your company and employees. Further Information For further information, or to enrol in a training course, contact: or +61 2 8748 0150, or visit


Australian Welding: September 2019

Member Directory Weld Australia is dedicated to providing members with a competitive advantage through access to industry, research, education, government, and the wider welding community. When you join Weld Australia, you become part of a network of engaged companies and individuals, with which you can share technology transfer, best practices, and professional opportunities. For further information, please contact or +61 2 8748 0100.

Weld Australia Industry Group Members Weld Australia hosts and administers several Industry Groups, providing a forum for technology transfer and R&D, linking members with industry and research organisations. The Weld Australia Industry Groups: represent a source of vital technical welding information; optimise welding practices through standard development and tools; and assist members to prepare specifications. AGL Energy 131 245

Transport and Main Roads (Queensland) +61 7 3066 6358

ANSTO +61 2 9717 3111

Navantia Australia (02) 6269 5900

ASC +61 8 8348 7000

NRG Gladstone Operating Service +61 7 4976 5211

Ausgrid +61 2 4951 9555

Stanwell Corporation 1800 300 351

Austal +61 8 9410 1111

Synergy +61 8 9781 6720

CB&I +61 8 93245555

Thales Australia +61 2 8037 6000

CS Energy +61 7 3854 7777

Transport for NSW +62 2 8202 2200

Energy Australia 133 466

Vales Point Power Station (Delta) +61 2 4352 6111

LYB Operation & Maintenance Loy Yang B Power Station +61 3 77 2000

VicRoads +61 3 8391 3216


Inside Weld Australia: Member Directory

Premium Corporate Members ALS Industrial +61 2 4922 2400 Applied Ultrasonics Australia +61 2 9986 2133 Baker & Provan +61 2 8801 9000 BOC +61 2 8874 4400 Callidus Welding Solutions +61 8 6241 0799 CIGWELD 1300 654 674 Coregas +61 2 9794 2222

Hardchrome Engineering +61 3 9561 9555

QENOS +61 3 9258 7333

HRL Technology Group 1800 475 832

Quest Integrity Group +61 7 5507 7900

Liberty 1800 178 335

Santos +61 8 8116 5000

Lincoln Electric +61 2 9772 7222

Tronox Management +61 8 9411 1444

LMATS +61 8 9200 2231

UGL Pty Limited +61 2 8925 8925

Main Roads Western Australia 138 138

Welding Industries of Australia (WIA) 1300 300 884

MMG +61 3 9288 0888

Wilmar Sugar +61 7 4722 1972

Join Weld Australia Today. Help Secure the Future of

Australian Welding +61 2 8748 0100




Corporate Members 3M Australia: A & B Welding: A&G Engineering: Abrasion Resistant Materials: Able Industries Engineering: Adept Inspections & Training: Aerison: AF Gason: Aitken Welding: Ancon Building Products: Antec Group: ARL Laboratory Services: ATTAR: Austal: Austedan Fabrications: Austin Engineering: Austral: Australian Rail Track Corporation: Australian Welding Supplies: AWS Centre of Excellence: BAE Systems: Barker Hume Homes: N/A Baxter Institute: Beenleigh Steel Fabrications: Ben Baden Services: Berg Engineering: Bisalloy Steels: BlueScope Steel: BMC Welding: Bombardier Transportation: Bradken: Brezac Constructions: Broadspectrum: Brosco Enterprises: Browns Precision Welding: Brunton Engineering & Construction: Caltex Refineries (QLD): CCR Group: Central Engineering: Chess Engineering: CPT Engineering:

Australian Welding: September 2019

CQ Field Mining Services: CQ Steel Industries: Crisp Bros Haywards: Cruisemaster Australia: Cullen Steel: D&L Engineering Services: DGH Engineering: Diverse Welding: DJM Fabrications: DT Hiload Australia: Engineering Welding and Inspection Services Excel Marine: Extrin: FIELD Engineers: Flexco: Fortress Systems: Foxheat: Frontline Manufacturing: Furphy Engineering: G & G Mining Fabrication: Global Manufacturing Group: Hamilton Maintenance Group HEQ Diesel and Gas: Hilton Manufacturing: HVAC Queensland: Industrial Installation & Maintenance: Ingal EPS: Jacmor Engineering: JB Specialised Engineering: JR’s Marine Engineering: JVA Engineering: Kangaroo Training Institute: Kenro Products: Keppel Prince Engineering: Knox Engineering: LaserBond: Lendlease: Loclur Engineering: LSW Group: Mainetec: Mechanical Maintenance Solutions: Mechanical Testing Services: N/A Melco Engineering:

Midway Metals: Millmerran: Monadelphous Group: Monash University: Newmont Asia Pacific: Nix Engineering Group: Obadare: Orrcon Manufacturing: OSD Pipelines: Precision Metal Group Aust: QSM Fabrication: Quality Process Services: Queensland Nitrates Plant: N/A Radio Frequency Systems: RJB Industries: Robert Vernon: N/A Robot Technologies-Systems Australia: Rockpress: Russell Mineral Equipment: S&L Steel: Samaras Group: Saunders International: Scaffstand: SMW Group: Smenco: Snowy Hydro: South32 Temco: Southern Cross Industrial Supplies: SSS Manufacturing: Steel Mains: Structural Integrity Engineering: Supagas: SWA Water Australia: Synergy Aluminum Towers: Taurus Mining Solutions: The Bloomfield Group: TEi Services: Topline Steel Fabrications: N/A Trade and Investment NSW: Uneek Bending: Victorian Testing & Inspection Services: Walz Construction: Welding Guns of Australia: WGASA:

Inside Weld Australia: Upcoming Events


Upcoming Events Whether you need to brush up on skills learnt years ago, want to try your hand at something new, or crave some networking opportunities, there is sure to be an industry event for you. For further information on the events listed below, or any Weld Australia hosted events, please email or phone +61 2 8748 0100. October 2019 Pacific Rim Stainless 9 to 10 October, Gold Coast 2019 APGA Convention and Exhibition 12 to 15 October, Adelaide November 2019 AINDT National Conference 4 to 6 November, Adelaide FABTECH 11 to 14 November, Chicago, USA 5th International Electron Beam Welding Conference (IEBW) 12 November, Chicago, USA 5th SIA Submarine Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2019 (SubSTEC5) 18 to 21 November, Fremantle World Engineers Convention 20 to 22 November, Melbourne

Corrosion & Prevention Conference 24 to 27 November, Melbourne

Conference on Railway Excellence 11 to 13 May, Perth

December 2019

Advanced Manufacturing Expo 13 to 15 May, Sydney

Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Aerospace Technology 4 to 6 December, Gold Coast 17th International Symposium on Tubular Structures (ISTS17) 9 to 12 December, Singapore Plan Ahead: Events in 2020 11th Weld Cracking Symposium 20 January, Houston, USA

4th International Congress on Welding and Joining Technologies and 3rd IIW International Congress in the Western European Region 27 to 29 May, Seville, Spain NANO 2020 - XV International Conference on Nanostructured Materials 6 to 10 July, Melbourne

5th IIW International Congress 6 to 8 February, Mumbai, India

73rd IIW Annual Assembly and International Conference 19 to 24 July, Singapore

MISE 2020: Materials Innovations in Surface Engineering 11 to 12 February, Melbourne

International Confernece on Coastal Engineering (ICCE) 13 to 18 September, Sydney

Resistance Welding Manufacturing Alliance Conference 26 to 28 February, San Antonio, USA

CAMS 2020: Advancing Materials and Manufacturing 18 to 20 November, Melbourne

Welding: September 2019 52 Weld Australia’sAustralian Innovative, Expert

Engineering and Advisory Services By taking advantage of Weld Australia’s engineering and advisory services, you have access to the peak industry body in Australia’s welding industry. Your commercial enterprise can access expert advice services, delivered by highly qualified welding engineers and materials specialists. Each member of the Weld Australia advisory team is an International Welding Engineer (IWE). This qualification, issued by the International Institute of Welding, is the highest postgraduate professional welding qualification available. Our consulting services can help you substantially increase the operational life of your plant and equipment, and reduce your maintenance and repair overheads. Our Areas of Expertise • • • • • • • •

Design and qualification of welded connections Review of structural and pressure vessel designs Drafting and review of design specifications Evaluation of materials and facilities Analysis and resolution of complex welding problems Design, development and project management of fabrication solutions Optimisation of maintenance for risk mitigation Comprehensive failure investigations and engineering critical assessments


• • • • • • • •

Advising of safety practices as they pertain to welding, cutting and joining Expert evidence and witnessing services Comprehensive failure investigations Inspection and testing services Welding quality management to ISO 3834 Pipeline in-service welding, repairs and hot tapping Specialised welding and associated technologies (laser, ultrasonic peening and underwater welding) R&D and application of technology


Power Generation

Securing the future of Australia’s welding industry Manufacturing


+61 2 8748 0100 | | | Building 3, Level 3, 20 Bridge Street, Pymble, NSW 2073

Profile for Weld Australia

Australian Welding |September 2019  

Australian Welding is the official quarterly magazine of the Weld Australia, serving Australia’s welding, fabrication and manufacturing indu...

Australian Welding |September 2019  

Australian Welding is the official quarterly magazine of the Weld Australia, serving Australia’s welding, fabrication and manufacturing indu...

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