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XV World Triennal of Architecture "INTERARCH 2018”

Sustainable Architecture for Sustainable World

Sustainable Disruption

Giuseppe Longhi – RECNET/IUAV

International Academy of Architecture Sofia - Bulgaria May 2018


INTRODUCTION

The sustainable design processes today are driven by disruptive waves of innovation that reiterate the famous question of Cedric Price: “Technology is the answer. But what was the question?��

I try to illustrate the complex context of relations between the many innovations underway and the sustainable design of the space, giving evidence to the overlap of logical organizational models generated by these waves of transformation.

The operation is not simple because innovation dynamics generates externalities of all types and ecologies of value, and increasing interconnections between different systems.

In the history of design there are excellent experiences of sustainable design, but today 'as usual' project are impository, demiurgic, often wrong because politics, companies and artists thinks to achieve complex goals in a linear way. A model far from possessing the complex alphabets that should govern current sustainable planning.

I will try to explain this complex world, with a narrative, assuming as a driving forces: - the Vitruvian man in his radical mutations; - and, as plot, the chaotic and casual "dance" of disruptive events, marking the manipulation of space evolution.


INTRODUCTION

These events are: 1_the evolution of relations between man, machine and nature, 2_the evolution of connectivity from computer to global connectivity (social and physical), 3_the nano-biotechnologies up to the bionic city.

I think the sustainable urban design poses two great issues: -  how sustainable design could manage an evolutive system of disruptive events dominated by the passage from mechanical to biological world; -  different environments (biotic, physical space, bit) need multiple design alphabets (environmental, economic / social, technological, ...) and this generates asimmetries hard to manage.

From our capacity /to create new approaches to knowledge, and to develop synergies between new design and social alphabets, will depends the success of urban communities, in harmony with man and nature.


Today 1945

2015

1970

1490 2010

1990


Today 1945

2015

1970

1490 2010

1990


Today 1945

2015

1970

1490 2010

1990


Today 1945

1970

2015

1490 2010

1990


Today 1945

2015

1970

1490

2010

1990


Today 1945

1970 2015 1490

1990 2010


1945

Today

1970 2015 1490

1990 2010


SUSTAINABILITY

Reyner Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, 1960 “Cadillac as a crime against humanity”

CONNECTIVITY

Tim Berners Lee in 1990 invent the World Wide Web

BIO-PRODUCTIVITY

J.P. Sauvage,J. Fraser Stoddart, B. L .Feringa, Nobel Prizes in Chemistry 2016 Molecular Engine Inventors


The Anthropocene: Are Humans Now Overhelming the Great Forces of Nature?

Climate

Cities That Think Like Planets

Biosphere

Biogeochemical cycle


Earth Space in the Antropocene: Baseline Parameters of Change Climate

Biosphere

Biogeochemical cycle

Earth Space in the Antropocene: A New Model of Production Model of Production Input Knowledge Intensity Output 1800-1960 Open Cycle ‘70 Selection of emissions: waste, water, gas ‘80 Recycle

‘90 Dematerialization & input reduction To-day Bio-intelligent Model

Biologic Design& Environmental Balance Positive

Source: Wuppertal Institute


Nicholas Negroponte: The Architecture Machine 1965


Cristopher Alexander: The Pattern Languages 1977

William J. Mitchell: The Logic of Architecture: Design, Computation and Cognition 1990


WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0


WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0


WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0


WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0


1965 ARC MAC Olivetti P101

1990 WEB Connecting People 2010 WEB 3.0 Proactive Social Net 2015 IoT Connecting Things

2015 BODY CHIPS - ARC MAC inside human body


The problem of our century is: the home Le Corbusier (1919)

the home electronically connected MIT ouse_n (2002)

the home producing energy Danish Institut of sciences (2004)

the transition from constructing homes to cultivating homes IUAV (2006)


The urban mines: Input the natural elements The construction cultivation: the biotic buildings

Antropocenetic landscape

The urban mines: Output Waste Reuse


CONNECTED CITY Neuronal Design


Rational Cognitive Biological


METABOLISM

DECOUPLING

SDG


NEW DELHI EXPERIMENT

HoF – Horizontal Farm

VoD

Value of Differences Umbrella Think Tank

I --U --A --V


SOCIAL STRUCTURES

HOUSING

WORK


Row material: waste

FACTORIES

Row material: agri


Developing opportunities and capabilities thank a toolkit system


Thank you for your attention!

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