Page 1

February / 1973 / 75¢


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Volume XV / Number 2/ February 1973

SENIOR OLYMPICS: As publisher of GYMNAST magazine along with Brud Cleveland Gymnastic Coach at Santa Monica College we have been invited to Co-Chair. , promote and host the Gymnastic events for the 4th annual SENIOR OLYMPICS. Although this is the 4th annual SENIOR OLYMPICS to be held in the Los Angeles area it will be the first time for GYMNASTICS. There was an attempt made last year to get Gymnastics into the Sr. Olympi c program and we even had Bill Tom, 1956 USA Olympic team member and' a couple more coaches signed up and ready to go but we got a late start and never got the date or site set. This year we are all ready to go with June 2nd as the date and Santa Monica City College as the site (Saturday 11am 3pm) ... So whip yourself into shape and sign up for this inaugural, historic, fun filled, pass the liniment (my aching back) SENIOR OLYMPIC GYMNASTIC COMPETITION. * * * The SENIOR OLYMPICS is sponsored by SENIOR SPORTS INTERNATIONAL Inc. (A Non-Profit Corp.) and competition is open to all men and women age 25 and over, competing in 5 year age groups, e.g., 25-29, 30-34, .. ... 60-64, 65-70 etc. Your age at the first day of competition determines your age group. At any event you will only be competing in your own age group for awards. If you happen to be the only one in your age group entered in an event, you will get a first place award no matter what you do (or don 't do). Last year close to 2,000 competitors took part in 36 different Senior Olympic events from Archery to Volleyball (Track & Field along with Swimming & Diving had the largest number of entries). If you think your too old or out of shape for Gymnastics maybe Golf, Table Tennis, Bowling, Handball, Wrestling, Sailing or Karate is yourevent. If you want to compete in GYMNASTICS you will have your choice of one or more of nine events to pick from. Floor Exercise, Pommel Horse, Rings, Long Horse, Parallel Bars, Horizontal Bar, Trampoline and Rope Climb (for the old time die hards), plus All-Around Awards for the best total in any 4 of the AA events. There is a $5.00 entry fee for your first event and a $3 .00 fee for each additional event entered. You may enter AA as one event for the initial $5 .00 entry fee (you would be eligible for the AA award only). All of the entry fees are set by the Sr. Olympics Office and are the same for all events from Archery to Volleyball ($5.00 for the first event and $3.00 for each additional event including other sports). All the fees go to cover the awards and expenses in running the events.




The Purpose of the SENIOR OL YMPICS is to enjoy the fellowship and fun of continued participation in competitive sports and the self challange yo u face as you prepare yourself to take an active part in the sport or spo rt s th at ha ve been a part of your life . So Act Now! Whoever you are, wherever you are ... Shape up and Sign up for Gymnastics in th e SENIOR OLYMPICS. Look for entry in this edition of GyMNAST or just send a card or letter to GYMNASTICS, Senior Ol ym pi cs; Mutual of Omaha Bldg.-Suite 302; 5225 Wilshire Blvd. Los Angeles , Ca. 90036. (enclose a se lf addressed stamped envelop for return co rrespondence). SPECIAL NOTE: GYMNAST maga zine will cover the SENIOR OL YMPICS Gymnastic Competition with story and photos in a summer edition making spec ial m ention (maybe even a special Gymnast award) of th e oldest co mp etitor and who ca me th e farth est distance to take part in thi s th e first Annual Gymnastic program of the SENIOR OLYMPICS.


4 6 8 10 12

15 16 17 19 20 22 24 26 27

FROM THE PUBLISHER, Glenn Sundby ON THE BEAM, Barbara Thatcher VIEWPOINTS, Dick Criley CHUNICHI CUP, Karen Patoile CHRISTMAS CLINIC REPORTS, Brian Schenk, Marilyn Fitch, Sandy Cutler, Stormy Eaton, Steve Isham, and Kitty Kjeldsen FEATURE: Debbie Hill, Barbara Thatcher NEWS 'N NOTES, Renee P. Hendershott AERIAL FRONT WALKOVER, Dan Speraw and Renee Hendershott MEXICO INTERNATIONAL INVITATIONAL, Ann Graham CENTERFOLD, Margie Combs GYMNASTIC SKILLS, Don Toney SEQUENCES BY SCHULZ, Dieter Schulz "SO YOU WANT TO BE A JUDGB", Marion Buttrill HELEN'S CORNER, Helen Sjursen


Cover: Tom Weeden, member of the University of California Berkeley gymnastics team and competitor for the United States against the Romanians Februar-y 1973.

Publisher: Glenn Sundby, Associate Editors: Dick Criley and Renee P. Hendershott, Staff Writer: Barbara Thatcher. Contributors: Marion Buttrill, Sandy Cutler, Gretchen Dowsing, Stormy Eaton, Marilyn Fitch, Ann Graham, Tom Humphrey, Steve Isham, Kitty Kjeldsen, B. Korenberg, Karen Patoile, Brian Schenk, Dieter Schulz, Helen Sjursen, Dan Speraw and Don Tonry.

GYMNAST magazine is published by Sundby Publications, 410 Broadway, Santa Monica, Ca. 90401. Second Class Postage paid at Santa Monica, Ca. Published monthly except bi-monthly June, July, August and September. Price 7S¢ a single copy. Subscription correspondence, GYMNAST - P.O. Box 110, Santa Monica, Ca. 90406. Copyright197J" all rights reserved by SUNDBY PUBLICATIONS, 410 Broadway, Santa Monica, Ca. All photos and manuscripts submitted become the property of GYMNAST unless return request and sufficient po<tage are included.



BE PRACTICED AT HOME Balance Beam Support Legs for Safe Practice by Young Beginners Gymnastics, and particularly the bal a nce bea m, by many is conside red the most beautiful sport in the world. But, it takes ha rd work and man y hours of practice to be proficient. Sometimes, it is difficult to put in enough practice hours at the school or club. We have designed a set of legs for a practice beam which are ideal for use at home, in th e yard or garage . One person ca n set up the beam in seconds or disassemble it for very convenient storage . These practice beam legs a re constructed of sturdy steel with rubber tips to prevent a ny slipping. The beam is a regular 4 x 4 avail able from your local lumber yard . to set up for practice, simply insert the beam into the square opening at the top of the legs and you are ready to go! No a nchoring devices are needed . The beam will be fourteen inches off the ground.


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p e r p air (legs o nly ) include s de li very

ON THE BEAM by Barbara Thatcher You know gymnastics has finall y gotten to you when in stead of counting sheep at night you count gymnasts doing stradd le vaults over the horse. You know gymnastics ha s finall y gotten to you when your first reaction to a piece of grass or a stretch of sa nd is to do a cartwheel or back handspring on it. And yo u know gymnastics ha s definitely gotten to yo u when you can ' t remember the last Saturda y you didn ' t spend in a gym ... 1 think gymnastics has finally gotten to me.

Anyway Happ y March. No yo u didn't miss February it' s just a quick month and my fingers couldn ' t type fast enough to keep up with it. I was going to sta rt this by saying the Russians are coming but I figured yo u already knew that. And it's already a well known fact that the Hungariansand Romanians we re here. And alii can add is if yo u missed the Romanian meet in Berkeley too bad. It was fantastic. Little Gary Morava (from that Nationally ranked team at uh, oh, what 's-it' s-name, oh yes Southern Illinois University) was called in at the las t minute when Steve Hug withdrew from the Berkele y competition. Pl acing second in the All-Around Gary helped the American team

Our february "On The Beam" girl is Terry Spencer.

push ahead of th e Romanians and win by a slim .2. However, even with Olympians Kim Chace, Nancy Thies, and Roxanne Pierce on the American team the ladies still lost to the Romanians falling nearl y a point behind during the balance beam event. Well that 's the way the beam shakes. (More on this later). Mentioning Gary Morava reminds me that the NCAA's are fast approaching and I'll bet m y whole box of carbon paper that SIU will again be this year' s champions. Watching them defeat Stanford, Cal State Fullerton and Cal State Northridge, I was super impressed by the team spirit they had. Oh inCidently Gary's nickname I hear is " Rock and Roll Star" . It seems he is crazy about Rod Stewart and has a 'ice just like him. (Just thought I'd throw that in to add a little variety.) I don't know about that but he sure is an impressive gymnast especially when he throws that double front vault. (And oh so cute.)

* However according to many Iowa fans SIU will have mucho competition from Iowa State University, who by the way also sends out gymnastics press books. I like their name too, the Cyclones. It seems ISU (all these S's I's and U's are very confusing) defeated SIU and Mark Graham and Jim Stephenson defeated Mr. Morava in the All-Around during this dual meet competition. Rusty Mitchell. (and he graduated from SIU) coach of the University of New Mexico team (They beat SIU too) seems to agree with Iowa 's cheering section that Iowa will win, win, win. But I say nay, nay, nay and am still betting my carbon paper on SIU.

* There 's another gymnast at SIU who deserves a little attention, only this gymnast only works four events and is coached by Herb Vogel and not Bill Meade. This gymnast is Terry Spencer and she was recently named to the Speedway, Indiana " Hall of Fame ". A truly courageous young lady, Terry suffered a severe back injury last season but did that preve nt her from being at the final Olympic trials ... No. Did that prevent her from continuing her gymnastic career ... No. Did that discourage her ... Not really and she is working out again this season with hopes of making the University Games in Moscow. While I' m on the subject I'd like to mention that Kathy Shelly, coach at Sacramento State was named as team manager for the University Games. Congratulations. The only bad thing about her team is that they always win. Which is fine until you realize that it was your team that always came in second. Oh well. Anyway having coached many National champions including Barbara Parcher, Coach Shelly is more than capable of doing an excellent job. Another college team (I know, I know this can be terribly boring if you're not in college) worth mentioning is Indiana State University (another ISU) . The gi rI 's team took a really cute picture which sort of makes them look like a chorus line of dancers at Radio City Music Hall. Coached by Margit Treiber they had a meet with the Hungarians (no results again) and are preparing for the National Collegiate Championships in Iowa. With Iowa turning into a real gymnastics capital I quess pretty soon every time I bite into \so me "Iowa corn I' ll just feel like doing a handspring or something.


And talk about ambitious a newl y formed club in Kansas (yes it's back to the M id- West) has a motto " On to The Olympics ... With Kansans. " Thi s team is in Tribune, Kansas and is one of 12 teams sponsored by the University of Kansas Southwest Center in Garden Citv . In a town the size of Tribune (1,188) it 's a little hard findin g in structors and even harder find ing meets and clinics but the group sounds enthusiast ic and determined. Much luck.

Gary Morava

Enough about the Mid West. Moving south to T-E-X-A-S that spells Texas, rumor has it that there's some gymnastics activity dow n there and this suspicion was confirmed when I rece ived a letter from Brian Schenk, editor of the Texas Reporter. I know that there must be man y people from El Paso to Austin who wou ld like to know what 's happening in their state (gymnastica ll y) and this man seems to know. Hi s address is 5100 Old Manor Road Austin 78723. Good Newsletter, wort h subsc ribing to. And so is GYMNAST magazine . (Littl e commercia l there.) And if you li ve near Kerrville and need an in structor, (That's in Texas too.) you might be interested in contacting Geoff Stoner P.O. Box 4422 Schreiner College 78028 who is starting a few gymnastics classes at the college . Of course you cou ld try see in g him in person but watc h it because Geoff has a twin brother w ho is also a gymnast and twin brothers can be very co nfu sing (Twin brothers, I' s and S's and U's What next?) Gymnastics is a barn loft! (Well you asked didn ' t you? No I asked didn ' t I?) Anyway according to Robert Mows that 's where the newly formed Del Marva Gymnastics Academy is hou sed . Located in Salisbury, Maryland it is perhaps the first gymnastics schoo l on the Del Marva Peninsula. And if there are a few stacks of ha y aro und , the team can ha ve read y made crash pads.

And now that I' m in the Mid-West (actually I' m sti ll in SM (Santa Monica) ), I must thank Rick Nelson who identified my two myster y pictures last month. Paul Hunt did the reve rse planche and Mark Davis known as the " Clo w n of Clo wns" executed that fabulous pose on rings. And whi le I' m in the mood to correct past errors. It was Sandi Gross and not Adele Gleaves w ho did the straddle hecht, eagle catch in November' s magazine. My apo lo gies. Congratul ations also to Dr. Bill Paul of Burlingame who is Northern California 's first rated male judge. He has a loca l rating. Amazing that 's a ha rd test eve n for w omen. That 's great Dr. Paul and good lu ck . I waited and waited and waited and it finall y came, my Florida newsletter. Jack Miles does a marvelous job. He is definitely the Damon Run yon of the gymnastic newsletter world . (If yo u don ' t know who Damon Run yon IS ask an y sportswriter.) From his last newsletter I learned these new words, gleaned, Terriblehassee, how bout dat gal, and finally nuff sed . I also learned that Denny Davis has started a schoo l in Orlando (F lorid a, where else?) and that Fred Martinez has started a schoo l in A tl an ta (Th is time in Georgia.). It 's such a good newsletter it usually takes me m y who le lun ch minutes (not hou r) to finish it. I thought February was supposed to be a romantic month. And yet do I get any wedding news? Hardly ever. I know gymnasts get married because my friend Diana, a former

Tribune Kansas Gym Club

gymnast, did but do I ever hear about it? Anyway I need a few marriages to spice up my co lumn. Gail Sontegarth, form er AAU Nationa l Champion , now Mrs. Whitney sent us a ve ry lovely picture of her wedd in g. She ' s teaching in Florida and her husband is a horse doctor. (Regular horses not side horses.) I know this is a sports publication and not a society page but sti ll have a heart (Get it heart, romance, weddings, little pla y on words.)

* I don ' t know how I did it I survived another column. Hope you did. Oh yes before I forget I' d lik e to thank Mrs. Roethlisberger for the nice University of Minnesota Press book . But sti ll I like SIU's the best. Guess it's Joe Mitch who masterminded it. Very good, very good.

I wou ld also like to thank m y friend and typesetter Pat who continues to make this column possible (you ' re welcome Barbara), wh il e I continue to make it impossible ( you said it, not me). And most of all I would like to thank yo u for your response. Most of my co lumn this month was n ews I received from cards and lette rs. However it's sti ll not enough. My boss wou ld sti ll like more news about men ' s gymnastics. And how about some pictures too. (He can read the news, we' ll .stare at the pictures.) And so once again thank you. But let me hear from you again , and agai n ....

Members of the University of Washington team and coach Eric Hughes, stopped by our office on their way to meet at UCLA . The smiles were a littl e premature however because they did not win, h ad a good time maybe but didn't win.

SCATS is a hall way sensib le, ordinary name but late ly we've had clubs ca llin g themselves MATS, STATS, and now finally GUTS. Yes that 's the abbreviated nam e for the Gymnastics Unlimited Team of Shreveport (Loui siana) Unreal. Th e girls are students at Linwood Jr. High and their instructor Mrs. Hawthorne is interested in any beginning level meets in the area. GUTS, I' m sti ll not believing that. I co uld almost make a pun about how it takes a lot of GUTS to do gymnastics but Nah I won't. And what ' s a seven letter state that has two fairly new gymnastics teams .... NewYork (Which is actually New York but put together to take up less space.) They are the Owego Gym Club, P.O. Box 153 Owego, 13827 which is coached by Tom Proulx of Lon g Beach (Hurray Calif.) and the Girl's Athletic League of Smithtown. Sponsored by t he recreation department the program has grown with nearly 200 girls currently enro ll ed.



BETTER OLYMPICS GROUP TAKES POSITIVE ACTION The Committee for a Better Olympics, a group repre senti ng nearly every phase of amateur sports In the United States, has invited President Nixon to send a representative to the Committee's Feb. 1819 meeting. The Committee, with Marcus l. Plant, professor of law at the University of Michigan serving as chairman pro-tem, sent the president a telegram describing the need for an entirely new United States Olympic organization. More than 50 individuals were on hand for the inaugural meeting of the group in Chicago, Dec. 10-11. There was unaJ1imity of opinion that a new U.S. Olympi c organization must be formed. Several Olympic athletes were in attendance to give their views, including gymnasts Cathy Rigby and John Crosby, world record discus thrower Jay Silvester, four-time Olympic distance runner George Young, hurdler Willie Davenport and hammer thrower Harold Connolly. Plant was asked to appoint a committee to draw up a new U.S. Olympic organizational structure. The proposed new organization will be presented to the Committee at the Feb. 18-19 meeting. Several Congressmen and Senators have indicated a great interest in the Committee including Senator John V. Tunney (D-Calif.) and Senator James B. Pearson (R-Kan.). " I feel this meeting took the first positive step toward a total reorganization of the United States Olympic Committee," Plant said. WITH THIS TELEGRAM The Honorable Richard M. Nixon The White House Washington, D.C. 20500 Dear President Nixon: On December 10-11, the undersigned met in Chicago to discuss the crisis which exists in the United States Olympic movement. . In attendance were athletes, coaches, citizensat-large, and representatives of the press and national amateur ath letic organizations. We are united in our conviction that a new organization to repla ce the present United States Olympi c Committee is essential. To that end, we contemplate the following steps: 1. A special committee is being appointed to draft our proposal for a new Olympic organization in definitve form. 2. We will meet again in Chicago on February 18-19, 1973, and will invite additional interested an\~ concerned persons to consider and take action on the special committee's proposals. 3. We earnestly solicit your support of these efforts and respectfully' invite you to send a personal representative to our February meeting. (The following names appeared on the telegram to PreSident Nixon):

Marcus Planl. chairman pro路tem. University of Michigan; Ed 'Sadger, Nationa l Junior College Athletic Association; Frilnk L Biue, United

Siaies Collegiate Sports Council; St.ln Bates. Western Athletic Conference; 8ill Bowermjlln, United States Olympic track coach; Shirley Bryan, United Slates Gymnastics federation; lim Bush, United

Slaies Track Coaches Association; Don Canham, United Siales Track and Field Federation; Robert Carter, Orchard lake, Michigan; Ce<1I Coleman, National Association of College Directors of Athletics; Harold Connolly, United States Olympic athlete; Wayne Cooley, Des Moines, Iowa; Dr. Donald Cooper, Stillwater, Oklahoma; Carl Cooper, United States Track and Field Federation; John Crosby, United Slales Olympic Athlete; Frank Cumiskey, United States Gymnastics Federation; One Daniel, National Collegiate Athletic Association; Willie Onenpor1, United States Olympic athlete; Mike DeCicco, National Fencing Coaches Association of America; Wayne Duke, Big Te n Confer~nce; Lee Eilbracht. United States Baseball Federation; John P. FUrman, Washington. D.C.; C.R. Gilstrap, Arlington. Texas; Eric Hugnes, National Association of College Gvmnastic Coaches; George Killian, /)/ational Junior College Athletic Association ; Ken krah, United States Wrestling Fede rat ion; Carl Maddoll, BalOn Rouge. Louisiana; Ralph Mann, United States Olympic athlete; Robert Markus, Chicago TRIBUNE ; Terry McCann, Arlington Heights, Illinois; Bill McClure, United States Olympic track coach ; Bill Meade, United ~tates Gymnastics Fede ra tion; Jerry, National Collegiate Athletic Association; Cathy Rigby, Uni ted States Olympic athlete; Myron Roderick, United Stales Wrestling Federation; Nick Rodis, United States Collegiate Sports Cou ncil; I",in Schmid, Springfield, Massachusetts; Field Scovell, Dallas. Texas; L Jily Silvester, United States Olympic athlete; Judge Archie E. Simonson, Madison, Wisconsin ; Bill Sorenson, American Ath letic Equipment Company; Ed Steitz, Basketball Federation of the United States of America ; Rick Talley, Chicago TODAY; Mayor Tom Vandergriff, Arli ngton. Texas; Bill Verigan, New York NEWS' Bill Wall, National Association of Basketball Coaches; Francis Ward, Los Angeles TIMES路 Midwest Bureau; Bill Weller, Chicago, Illinois ; Willye White, United States Olympic ath le te; George Woods, United Stales Olympic athlete; George YounS, United States Olympic athlete.



VIEWpoints by Dick Criley

VIEWpoints by Dick Criley In the articles which accompany this column, we read again of the dissatisfaction with the present organization of the United States Olympic Committee. Early in December a number of prominent individuals gathered in Chicago to form a Committee for a Better Olympics. They advised President Nixon of their intentions and asked him to send a representative to their February meeting in Chicago. In early February a news release outlined some of the features of the plan to be presented in the Chicago meetings. This plan, it seems to me, has some interesting ramifications. On the plus side, I think, it reduces the regionalism in sports which tend to be concentrated in the East or West (e.g., weightlifting, waterpolo), and it reduces the size of the USOC from 4000+ members to fewer than 200. It also will limit the term of office for individuals serving on the USOC so deadwood does not have as much chance to accumulate. I believe another advantage may lie in its grassroots approach to increasing public officials' awareness of the role of sports in a National program. I must express my reservations of what I've read so far. I fear that appointment of a State Olympic Committee Chairman by the governor will introduce another form of politics into the sports picture which could potentially lead to the seating of non-qualified delegates. Certainly, the strength of a governor's appointment may give excess weight to the NCAA as state supported institutions are usually quite prominent in a governor's eyes. While the details are not drawn out, the plan does not appear to comply with one-man-oneYote principles, and it does not give the athlete any sizeable voice. One other problem which this proposal does not confront is the need to be wealthy to serve on the USOC (and attend its various meetings), unless, of course the Committee for a Better Olympics is able to convince each state that it should underwrite travel costs--and how far do we go from here before we subsidize athletes? . One must remain hopeful, though, that some workable plan for reorganization of the USOC will evolve. The GYMNAST will try to keep you posted as developments occur.


The Committee for a Better Olympi cs will consider a new United States Olympic organizational structure at its February 18-19 meeting in Chicago. The Committee, with representation from nearly every phase of amateur sports in the U.S., is hopeful of replacing the entrenched power structure of the presen t United States Olympic Committee with a new organizational structure. The theme of the Committee's proposal is "G ive the Olympics Back to the People." The proposal centers around a national representation principle and offers the following features: 1. Provides for represe ntation by states for the first time in the history of the USOc. 2. Emphasizes democratic grass roots involvement, and eliminates traditional organizational jealousies and disputes. 3. Representation would be achieved by election on the basis of merit by constituents who have knowledge about the candidate' s involvements and contribution to athletics. 4. Participation in the Olympi c movement would be broadened and stimulated . 5. Definite limitations as to term of office would be prescribed. 6. The athletes would be provided a greater voice in the administration of the USoc. 7. There would be a more efficient utili zation of the funds contributed by the American publi c for the Olympic movement. The proposal, the work of a special committee appointed by Committee Chai rma n pro tem Marcus L. Plant, calls for the governor of each state to appoint a chairman for a State Olympic Committee. Each State Olympic Committee would have three voting delegates on the United States Olympic Committee, which would co ndu ct biennial and quadrennial meetings. A president and four vice-presidents (representing four regions) would be elected from the USOC. The five officers would join with 16 members, who also would be elected at the quadrennial meeting, to form the Board of Directors. The USOC would employ a full-time staff, including specialists in fund raising, public relations and sports administration, to conduct the Olympic program on a year-round basis. The possibility of adding one athlete from each Olympic team and one representative from each organization holding an international franchise or fqanchises to the USOC will be considered at the Chicago meeting. A third possibility would be to have a the USOC from any representative on organization "actively involved in the sponsorship of a national athletic program. " The National Junior College Athletic Association, National Collegiate Athletic Association, National Association of ' Intercollegiate Athletics and Armed Forces would be included in this group. Fund raising for the USOC would be handled by the fulltime staff in conjunction with the activities of the State Olympic Committees. A proposal for the Olympic Sports Committees also will be considered in Chicago. The State Olympic Committees would nominate" individuals from the Olympic sports within their states for the Sports Committees. Th e USOC would elect the Sports Committees for each Olympic sport at the quadrennia l meeting. The athletes' representatives selected by the Olympic team would be members of the Sports Committees. Among the Sports Committees' responsibilities would be the selection of coaches and managers and determil]ation of such policies needed to properly manage pre-Olympic and Pan-American Games events.


A comparison of optional scores from Competitions I

and II. You may have thought a bit odd the introductory paragraphs on the Olympics Rank in Name which appeared in our january issue. Competition Somewhere along the line, two tables were II I omitted, but their captions appeared as the 1 1 Turischeva lead paragraphs. I've asked our editor to 2 1 Janz reprint the tables and their captions in this 3 4 Lazakovitch issue. 4 5 Zuchold Basically, 'it appears that the women ' s scores 5 6 Burda 6 7 Hellman were better in competition II than in 7 3 Korbut competition I with only the top Russians 8 8 Saadi slipping a little. In the men 's competitions, 9 9 Bekesi more severe requirements (and less fatigue on 10 10 Rigby the part o f the officials) meant lower scores the 11 13 Abel 12 17 Schmeisser second time around, again except for the top 13 15 Medveczky Russians who were awarded higher scores and 14 12 Csaszar the japanese who received lower scores. 15 14 Schmitt One other observation: You may have 16 20 Koshel wondered about the different spellings of 17 16 Kery 18 11 Nemethova Turischeva and Tourischeva, Touristchewa or

22 26 26 18 31 24 35 35 23 18 31 26 30 33 25 20 34 26

19 20 21 22

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36



Van Gerwen Matsuhisa Moore CeampeleQ Schorn Brazdova Hirashima Fritschi Dornakova Chace Grigoras Bujnackova Goreac Lisakova Pierce Kelemen Hasegawa Metheny


Difference between



II and I

38.60 38.45 38.65 38.45 38.10 37.90 36.75 37.75 37.75 37.80 37.75 37.90 37.65 37.50 37.55 37:70 37.30 36.90 37.10 37.25 37.20 36.85 37.25 36.85 37.10 37.05 36.50 36.40 36.80 36.60 36.70 36.60 36.20 35.65 35.85

38.80 38.70 38.15 38.20 37.90 37.80 38.80 37.45 37.65 37.40 37.20 36.20 37.20 37.25 37.00 36.00 37.20 37.25 37.25 36.40 36.25 36.95 36.20 3.6.35 3'6.30 36.55 36.60 36.50 36.45 36.45 36.25 35.80 36.50 36.80 36.10 36.75

.20 25 .50 .25 .20 .10 -2.05 .30 .10 .40 .55 1.70 .45 .25 .55 1.70 .10 -.30 -.15 .85 .95 -.10 1.05 .50 .80 .50 -.10 -.10 .35 .15 .45 .80 -.30 -1.15 -.25

SENIOR OLYMPICS '73 GYMNASTICS June 2nd, 11 am - 3 pm Santa Monica College-Gym Pico and 17th St. Santa Monica, California MENS EVENTS AII-A round_ Floor Exercise _ _ Pommel Horse _ _ Rings _ _ Long Horse _ _

Parallell Bars__ Horizontal Bar_ _ Trampoline-Rope Climb _ _


Please enter me in the e vent(s) marked above; for which is enclosed $ .... . at the rate of $5 for the first event & $3 for each additional event. Incluse an additional $2 if you wish to reserve your 1973 souvenir program & Highlights and Results-'?3. They will be mailed to you postage paid during the summer. This is of particular convenience to those competing prior to mid-June as the souvenir programs are not expected out till then. Make checks payable to Senior Olympics-'73 and mail to Senior Olympics; Mutual of Omaha Bldg. - Suite 302; 5225 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, Ca. 90036. Enclose a stamped, self-addressed envelop for the return of your acknowledgement. Name _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Address _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

MEN Rank in Competition II

Tourischewa which have appeared in the GYMNAST. Since the Russians have a different alphabet, different nations transliterate names somewhat differently . My preference is for an Anglicized version , Turicheva, but you may take your choice or accept TypHll.\eBa the Russian form. In Competition II, Poland ' s M . Kubica did not compete which allowed Yugoslavia's j . Brodnik to enter. The biggest jump in position was mad e by E. Gi enger (W. G er.) from 24th to 14th and the biggest drop was by Russia 's Mikhaelian from 9th to 20th. The 1.00 score gain registered by japan ' s Okamura reflected the fact that he was no longer the first man up for a team score. The +0.80 scores awarded Andrianov and Klimenko seem to indicate a political influence, especially since the top 3 japanese were penalized in comparison with their previous AA optional total. Only Voronin and Mikhaelian could not be scored up because of their own breaks. In Competition II , the japanese women , especially Matshuisa and Hirashima, made gains over their previous AA positions (6 and 10 places respectively) as did West Germany's Uta Schorn (8 places). US team members Chace and Pierce dropped 10 and 8 places respectively but Hungary's Marta Kelemen dropped 14 places. The greatest difference in scores between team and AA sets were Korbut (-2.05) and Kelemen (-1.15) while East Germany's Richarda Schmeisser picked up 1.70 as did Russia 's Antonina Koshel.

1 2 3 4 5 6 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 32 34 35 36

_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Zip _ _ __ Name



1 2 4 5 3 8 6 11 12 10 14 7 17 24 15 21 16 19 20 9 23 17 28 25 31 22 33 29 31 26 26 34 37 30 36 25



Kato, S. Kenmotsu, E. Nakayama, A. Andrianov, A. Kasamatsu, S. Klimenko, V. Koeste, K. Tsukahara, M. Thuene, W. Brehme, M. Okamura, T. Voronin, M. Li, Song Sob Gienger, E. Szajna, A. Schukin, V. Klotz, W. Maleev, A. Molnar, I. Mikhaelian, E. Kubica, W. Kubica, S. Rohner, P. Moessinger, W. Spiess, G. Rychly, R. Kim, Song JI Paeke, J. Magyar, Z. Kim, Song Yu Hug, S. Grecu, D. Brodnik, J. Mihaiuc, P. Nissinen, M. Fejtek, J.


57.10 57.20 57.20 57.30 56.50 56.75 56.45 56.65 56.10 55 .90 56.45 55.05 56.00 56.30 55.40 55.70 55.25 55.30 55.35 54.30 55.60 54.95 55.35 55.15 55.40 54.70 55.35 54.75 54.85 54.40 54.15 54.80 54.95 54.00 54.60 54.50

Difference between I II and I 57.75 57.55 57.25 56.50 57.45 55.95 57.00 55 .95 56.05 56.55 55.45 56.70 56.00 54.60 55.75 55.60 55.75 55.40 55.40 56.15 56.15 56.35 55.05 55.00 54.60 55.55 55.05 55.60 54.55 55.75 55.05 54.35 54.60 55.30 54.50 54.40

-.65 -.35 -.05 .80 -.95 .8Q ,.55 .70 .05 -.65 1.00 -1.65 0 1.70 -.35 .10 -.50 -.10 -.05 -1.85 55 -1.40 .30 .15 .80 -.85 .30 -.85 .30 -1.35 -.90 .45 .35 -.130 .10 .10

Age _ _ _ _ _ Birthdate _ _ _ _ _ __ Program Deadline For REMINDERS: name / picture in souvenir program, entry must be in by 5/ 10. Black/ white 2" x 3" picture only. Event Deadline - To avoid $3 surcharge for late entry, entry must be received no later than one week prior to sta'rt of competition in your sport.

Please find my $10.00 annual membership dues to the National High School Gymnastic Coaches Association _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ High School: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __


Address: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _

TOM CHAPMAN Secretary-Treasurer Waukegan High School 717 ' Edwards Ingleside, Illinois 60041


June 2nd, 11 am - 3 pm

~--------------- - -----------_ _ _ I


Chunichi cup winners and competitors

CHUNICHI CUP INTERNATIONAL ELITE GYMNASTIC COMPETITION Dec. 2-3 NAGOYA Submitted by Karen A . Patoile The following is a report of the trip that Joan Moore Rice, Kim'Chace and Karen Patoile took to japan from November 27 to December 11, 1972. During this time the girls participated in three competitions and one exhibition. Tuesday, November 27, 1972 Kim Chace and I left Seattle at 2:00 p.m. on a Northwest 747 as had been scheduled by the Japanese Gymnastics Association. However, this almost became an impossibility because the schedule that was given to the gymnasts and myself by the USGF failed to mention it was using japan Standard time, which as I know now is one day ahead of the USA. I had also attempted to confirm reservations with Northwest, but they did not contact me concerning the overseas flights until late Monday evening. We learned at this time we were to leave the following day, not Wednesday as we had thought . The airfines never did notify me as to the arrival time oUhe girls. And , to further complicate matters, Joan missed her flight in Philidelphia, so I had to schedule her into Tokyo one day later. 10

I am presenting these facts to once again request that there be more specific communication between those traveling and the organizing committees. Thursday, November 29 Kim and I arrived in Tokyo Thursday evening. We were met by the very enthusiastic japanese Press, who must use many rolls of film on all arriving guests. We quickly went through customs and were greeted by officals of the japan Gymnastics Association . We had a short interview with the press and then were rushed to Tokyo Station where we were to catch the "Bullet Train" to Nagoya. The train ride was an experience especially for Kim and I who are not accustomed to subways. We had our introduction to japanese oranges, sandwiches and other items we were to come to know all too well. After arriving in Nagoya, we were taken to the Hotel Nagoya Castle. This is a very modern hotel across the moor from the beautiful Nagoya castle, built in 1612. Friday, November 30 After sleeping late to attempt to make-up for the time difference, Kim and I went to the Aichi Gymnasium, the meet site, which is located on the Nagoya Castle grounds, for what we thought would be a practice session. When we arrived, we found the equipment in piles and the competition area was about 40 degrees. We

quickly learned why the japanese gymnasts wear gloves and warm-up suits resembling those worn by skiers. Ki"m stretched a little and did a little on beam and bars, but we decided to return in the afternoon when there would be less confusion. The Japanese showed their unforgetable and unbelievable hospitality at every moment of the tour. Everything we wanted, they did their best to provide us with it. Even the attendants at the gym found a heater from their office when they saw Kim and I jumping around to keep warm. The <;oldest weather of the entire trip was in Nagoya where we did have a brief snow storm. During this afternoon we did workout with most members of the delegations who would be on the tour. These included, the Hungarians, with Ilona Bekesi who finished 9th All-Around in Munich and was in the uneven bar finals;Monica Csaszar, 14th All-Around in Munich and in the balance beam finals. Madame Nagy was with them as coach and acted as superior judge through-out the tour . The East Germans were represented by Karin janz who finished 2nd All-Around in Munich and was the gold medal winner in bars and vaulting. Angelika Hellman was unable to come at the last minute because of a throat infection . Janz was accompanied by her coach Heritz Juergen. The Japanese had three girls

Mochiko Ish imua, Etsuko Hosoka, and Keiko Koboyashi. None of these girls were Olympians, nor was the i r coach. The rumor was that the japanese we re not satisifed with th e performance of their women ' s team in Munich and as a resu lt, most of them have " retired " . The Australians were represented by two girls, jenney Sunderland, and Roslyn Miller. Sunderland was their on ly representative in Munich. The Australians were also represented by a judge, Maureen Fallon. The Russ ians and joan Moore Rice were the only ones not present. The Russ ians were represented by three girls, Ludmilla Tourischeva, 1st AIIAround in Munich , Lu ibov Burda, 5th AIIAround in Munich, and 14 year o ld Nina Dronova who was a member of the USSR Olympic team until she broke her wrist several weeks before the games. She was replaced by Olga Korbut. Besides their women , the Russians were accompanied by quite a de legation including three men gymnasts, Nikola i Andrianov, Vladimir Schukin, and Edva rd Mikhae li an, two men judges, one woman judge - Lar issa Latynina, jury Titov and Tourischeva's coach . To finish off the group, there were many japanese officials and their men gymnasts, Akinori Nakayama, Shigeru Kasamatsu, Eizo Kenmotsu, and Mitsuo Tsukahara. This was to be our group u nt il we returned to Tokyo w here t he japanese wou ld make some personal changes. Satu rday, December 1 We had a t h ree hour practice session during the afternoon and then Kim and joan went shopp ing whi le I attended the officials meeting. At the meeting we divided the girls into two groups, one girl from each country in each group except the Russians and japanese who had two in one and one in the other. The draw went wel l for the USA. The girls never started an event. Sunday, December 2 All three meets we had while in japan were organized alike with ba lance beam and f loor exercise the first night and uneven bars and vaulting the second. The men had three events per night also. At the end of each n ights competition there was a floor exercise or horizo ntal bar exhibition . The meets were organ ized for spectator appeal , women's floor exercise and horizontal bar be ing the two most popular events to the japanese. As the first evenings competition progressed it was obvious that none of the competitors were in the peak co ndition they were in at the O lympics. The girls were using basical ly the same routines as in Munich Moore (Rice) has added a tuck back saito to her beam routine and To u rischeva was practicing a side aerial on beam, but missed it during compet ition and did a sloppy dive cartwheel. A l ittle about Tourischeva, she was not showing her World Champion form in this first meet, particularly because of ga ining weight and because of very sore ank les. Her beam routine was so lid, but not as spectacular as she had been practicing. She made many m istakes in tumb ling during her floor exercise routine. She did a 1'14 tw ist, instead of her double and comp letely missed her arabian combination. She later told me she was about ten pounds heavier than in Munich, but the b iggest factor was that none of the Russian gir ls had spent any t ime to speak of at home since the Olympics. Kar in j anz appeared to be in the best condition, however, her coach said that she

had only been preparing for th e meet for three weeks. She used the same bar routine that won the gold meda l in Munich and her go ld meda l winning Yamashita fu ll twist. She was not using the difficult tumbling combination she had used in the Olympics and her balance beam routine was slightly modified. Karin p laced first in the Chunichi Cup and I feel right ly so, even though the Russians were a little upset that Tourischeva was not scored higher in s,everal events. As for the other performers, the Hungarians were using the same routines used in Munich, but I do not th i nk they were performed as well. At least I hope what I saw were not the rout ines of a third p lace team. The other two Russ ians were a pleasure to watch. Burda used the same routines as in Munich, but fell on her bar routine and modified it for the remainder.of the tour. Her floor and beam are beautiful because of the elegance of the arm and torso movements. Dronova is a very strong, powerful gymnast. She was heavy in this meet, and did not seem to care if she lost the extra pounds. She does beaut ifu l twisting moves including a double in floor exercise and two so le circle on.e and a ha lf tw ists on the uneven bars. Her beam routine contains an aeria l front and twisting dismount. She also does a nice Yamashita vault, but had troub le with the twisting vault, she threw in one of the meets. The japanese girls are young and really lack experience. They had nice stunts, but were not able to use them in combination with their routines. The two girls from the USA, Kim and joan, did a very nice job. joan finished fourth in the Chunichi Cup and Kim finished sixth . This is the best representation we have had in this meet. I had many comments on how nice the girls looked and how they seemed to have improved since Munich. The Australian girls were definitely lacking in experience and would perform rout ines that contained many breaks or lacking the required difficu lty. The two girls that competed were part of a larger Nationa l team that was tour ing parts of the two Pacific Coasts including several ports of call in the United States. Monday, December) The second half of the meet was this evening. These events included uneven bars and va ul ting for the women. The final meet results were: Women's Meet 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7路

Ka rin Janz Nina D ronova Luid m illa Tourischeva Joa n Moore Rice Ilona Bekesi Ki m Chace Lu ibov B~rda


There were no individua l event w inners in this meet. After the meet we had the first of our many receptions. Every gymnast and delegate was presented with a gift, or I should say several gifts. At this particular stop we w ere given very nite Sieko watches. After the reception we packed our bags in preparation tor our next stop .

Tuesday, December 4 Our next stop was Otsu City on the shores of Lake Biwako, the second oldest lake in the world. After learning th is fact , we were quick ly told by the Russians that the oldest lake was in the USSR. This was our stop for the only exhibition to be given. Upon arriving, we were taken to the loca l television station for an interview, quick tea and to be presented with more gifts. This was this particular province's first time to host International gymnasts and they certainly did a marvelous job of organization insp ite of their inexperience. Most of the gymnasts did the same routines as they had in the Chunichi Cup. The only exception was Dronova who performed for the first time in public with a different floor exercise that was extremely dramatic and truly showed what a little " ham " she can be . Wednesday, December 5 This evening was the exhibition. The gymnasts performed before a full house and the different events were also being te levised to the province. Both the men and women took part in the exhibition. Each gymnast in the Chunichi Cup did two events. The organ izers decided on one of the events and the delegate from each co untry chose the other. Dur ing most of the tr ip, the organizers had arranged for us to live and eat as we wou ld in the United States. They felt that we would be more comfortable if our life style was not . changed drastically. I felt that this was unfortunate because all of us wanted to become more aquainted with the japanese cu lture as long as we were staying so long in their country. For this reason, I asked if the USA delegation could stay in japanese style rooms. They were able to arrange this for one night while we were in Ostu City. It was one of the best nights sleep the three of us had and after show ing our room , with beds on the floor and chairs and tab les to match, to Karin j anz and the Hungarian girls, they too wanted to live as the japanese would. The members of the j apan Gymnastic Association prom ised that on future tours they would make plans for everyone to stay in the japanese style rooms. Tuesday, December 6 This morning we were to fly to Fukuoka for the next competit ion that would begin at 5:00 p.m . that evening. But, we were greeted by a very thick fog that closed all the roads. This is how the japanese prevent accidents. The buses Beam



Va u lt

9.65 9.60 9.70 9.55 9.45 9.40 9.40

9.60 9.75 9.55 9.55 9.50 9.50 9.60

9.75 9.70 9.70 9.35 9.45 9.40 8.35

9.80 9.70 9.75 9.40 9.40 9.15 9.55

All-Around 38.80 38.75 38.70 37.85 37.80 37.45 36.90

that were to take us to the airport 'were unable to get through. When they finally d id arrive, we were rushed from bus to train to plane. Madame Nagy and I figured we loaded and unloaded luggage seven different times. When we finally arrived in Fukuoka, which is on one of the southern most islands of the japanese chain, we found that there was only forty five minutes to eat, rest, and get the competitors to the gym. And in this t ime, the delegates had to draw for starting places . continued on page 33


Linda Metheny instructs balance beam during Oregon clinic.

Gymnastic Clinic Reports TEXAS HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CLINIC, Dec 27-30, Austin, Texas by Brian Schenk, Austin, Texas

Above: lohn Tobler and Bob Sargent assist in vaulting at the Texas clinic. Below: Roland Rangel and Robert Cowan spot during a tumbling session at the same clinic.


The Fifth Annual Texas High School Gymnastic Clinic was conducted at John H. Reagan High School in Austin , Texas, Dec. 2730, and sponsored by the Texas High School Gymnastics Coaches Association . Two hundred and thirty high school students were registered. The staff numbered 26, and included W.A. Crenshaw, Joe Giallombardo, Avis Tieber, Emil Milan, Gary Heartsfield, and Robert Atchison , to name just a few. Beverly Averyt, too! Five class hours were offered daily, along with free time. Included in the evening program was a special Tumbling development night, a staff show (that really was great!) and the Texas High School Gymkana on the final evening. At the Gymkana, the thirty best gymnasts at the clinic were selected from high school ranks for a public demonstration , capped by a special show by former Texas high school great, Bobby Sargent, and his good friend John Tobler, former Olympic diving champion . Instruction included compulsories and optionals for high school competition in 1973, with the season to begin Feb. 1, 1973. Men 's floor and women's bars really sparkled, and all events including tumbling and trampoline were well demonstrated by the high school athletes. The Texas Teachers Institute, and the Gymnastic Teachers Laboratory were conducted during the clinic. Eighteen teachers participated in the two day institute on coaching conducted by Joanne Pasquale of Fullerton, California. The Lab put these 18 teachers at the side of clinic staff during the last three days of the clinic to learn to teach and spot. Fourteen men and women participated in a National Women 's Judging course and certification during the last two days of the clinic, conducted by Joanne Pasquale. Thirty high school and junior high school coaches attended the semi-annual meeting of the Texas High School Gymnastic Coaches Association, with President Emil Milan, Hurst Bell High School, Hurst, Texas, presiding. Amendments to the Manual of Rules of High School Competition (forTexas) were made for the 1973 season, and Reagan High School , Austin, was

selected as the site tor the Texas High School Championships for two years. The 1973 meet will be April 27-28, after five Regional Qualifying meets are held two weeks earlier. OREGON CHRISTMAS GYMNASTICS CLINIC By Marilyn L. Fitch Co-Director, Women's Clinic University of Oregon Women's Gymnastics Coach The Third Annual Christmas Gymnastics Clinic was held at the University of Oregon 's Gerlinger Gymnasium complex on December 27, 28 and 29. Due to overflow participation last year, this years clinic was limited to 500 gymnasts. Sponsored by Oregon Gymnastics Association, it also held a men 's clinic at nearby South Eugene High School during the same time period . Enthusiastic gymnasts and a quality teaching staff of 85 from across the United StateS" and Canada filled the seven gymnasiums from 8 :30 a.m . until5:00 p.m . each day . The clinic was geared to participation , with instructional sessions on seven levels, beginning through advanced, being run simultaneously. Two lecture-demonstrations were presented each day following lunch. One session was designed for coaches and the other was for the gymnasts. Instruction was provided in ballet, tumbling, floor exercise composition, balance beam , vaulting, mat drill, and uneven parallel bars. Eight to 14 sets of apparatus were available in the workout areas (as may be seen in the beam photo of Linda Metheny) . The master staff was the best we have ever had , an outstanding collection of top coaches and Olympians. The master staff consisted of Vannie Edwards, Southeastern Louisiana College, Olympic coach; Dale Flansaas, former Olympian, Olympic coach, 1972 Olympic team manager; Mike Flansaas, former Olympic performer, Reno School of Gymnastics; John Herb, former Hungarian Olympic coach presently at University of Victoria (Brit ish Columbia) ; Marta Klinovsky , former member of national Czechoslovakian team , presently coaching in Canada ; Joyce Tanac, former Olympian ; Barbara Jo Fleming, Fresno Gym Club, National level competitor; Gretchen Clark, ballet master instructor and performer, Dance Gallery Studio; Sue Gries, Univers ity of Oregon dance instructor; Dick Mulvihill, McKinley " Y" , Urbana, Illinois, coach of two 1972 Olympians; Linda Metheny, Olympian.

Dick Mulvihill and Linda Metheny will be remain ing in Eugene to open a school of gymnastics in February. We are all pleased-and very anxious. Also teaching were collegiate gymnasts from Eastern Washington State College, Oregon State University and th e University of Oregon. The remaining staff was composed of willing coaches and te achers primarily from Oregon. The Clinic committee for both the men 's and women 's clinics consisted of Harry johnson and Sandy Cutler, South Eugene High School ; jan Hardin, Shirley Veech and Georgia Cutler, Sheldon High School ; and Marilyn Fitch , University of Oregon . This group was responsible for the fine job of planning, organizing and implementing the two clinics. Besides the hard work of gymnastics, the gymnasts enjoyed a dance one evening a nd the staff was treated to a pizza party. Pat Arnold performs during East - West meet which was a highlight of the Tuscon clinic.

during the free time. It was a great experience to see so many people working so hard toward developing better gymnastics. The facilities and equipment at the Oregon clinic were fantastic. Separate rooms and equipment was provided for the different apparatus classes. There were at least six pieces of apparatus available for each class! The abundant supply of equipment and space really helped the quality of instruction, since more time was spent on the apparatus and not standing around. The equipment and facilities were handled by Harry johnson, who did an excellent job in planning and running this part of the clinic.

Joyce Tanac at Oregon clinic.

1972 Oregon Christmas Gymnastic Clinic by Sandy Cutler, Clinic Director The 1972 Oregon Christmas GymnasticClinic for men was held at South Eugene High School in Eugene. The 250 gymnasts that attended the clinic were placed into six groups according to their skill leve l. Each group had one head instructor and four assistant instructors. The e xcellent staff of master instructors included : Yoshi Hayasaki , Sadao Hamada, Ray Goldbar, Sandy Cutler, Bo Bennett, Rich Chew and Doug Hills. There was also a fine staff of assistant instructors which included high school coaches and college gymnasts from Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. The emphasis at this year 's clinic was on " exposure." During the three days of the clinic, each group was with a different master instructor. for each class. The purpose of the clinic was to expose the participants to as many different ideas, techniques, and learning progressions as possible. In addition to the regular classes, a master clinic was conducted each day. Master clinic lectures and demonstrations were given by Rich Chew on side horse, Yoshi Hayasaki on the horizontal bar, and Sadao Hamada on parallel bars. All of the master lectures were outstanding and w"ere attended by all of the gymnasts and staff. The clinic format also included time each day for free workouts. All of the instructors were available during this time to help gymnasts on individual moves and sequences. To many, th is was the most exciting part of the clinic. A tremendous amount of learning took place

It was the general consensus of the instructors, gymnasts and coaches that the goal of " exposure" was accomp路lished . Everyone who attended the clinic learned something more about gymnastics. A tremendous amount of ideas were exchanged during the three days and hopefully these new techniques will show up later in the gymnasts' performances. I think that the general feeling of everyone ' was summed up by one coach who said, "I think that this clinic was just great, I wish we could have one every month! " Not a bad idea .. ..... ?????? Tucson Clinic (Women) by Stormy Eaton and Steve Isham

such new tricks as Tinsica full twisting mounter, and 1112 twisting back step out. Atriple back on the floor was executed by Eleanor Smith of the San Diego YMCA, with a lot of assistance from Heineike, Eaton, Craus, and Doug Boger. Uneven bars included such tricks as jam out Y2 twist and hecht fulls courtesy of Heineike. The SCATS, with Craus spotting showed clean, immediate, original combinations on bars. Their style and ability made the women's part in the East-West All Star Meet an enjoyable part to watch . The beam was magnificent, aerial front walkovers, back handsprings and a " full twisting pinwheel walkover", which is an American first. It was done by Tami Manville of the Scottsdale Girls Club. In the tumbling area Stormy had 12-13 girls doing full twists, layout arabians, and layout fronts . To me at least this says that the quality of tumbling by girls is improving. In vaulting Yamashitas and handsprings were common place, but some unique spotting techniques were introduced in the master clinic. One of the things about the clinic is that it could be called an " In ternational " clinic. There were gymnasts from Maryland, Texas, Wisconsin, Kansas. Colorado, Canada and Mexico. The tumbling :sessions seemed and proved to be "superior to sessions on the apparatus, but judging by the skills that improved and the ones that were learned the Tucson Women 's Clinic will continue to be one of the top clinics for many years to come. SCATS al Tuscon clinic.

The women's part of the clinic was staffed by Tom Heineike, Wichita; Stormy Eaton, Asst. Coach Navy; Bev Marquette, Sue Sindrin, several of the SCATS, and Scott Craus, SCAT's coach , who highlighted the staff and clinic. Nearly 400 girls attended the clinic and left with


1972 New England Gymnastic Clinic Report 10 Years of Gymnastics instruction. by Kitty Kjeldsen, Clinic Director The New England Gymnastic Clinic ce lebrated its 10th anniversary by holding the 1972 clinic once again at the University of Massachusetts campus, where the first clinic was held. Looking back at the last ten years, one can see unmistakable signs of growth and de -:e lopment, which have resulted in the NEGC being the biggest continuous ly run gymnastic clinic in the country. In 1962, the clinic was held at the women's gymnasium at the University of Massachusetts, which was partitioned off with bleachers to two lecture - demonstration and two general workout areas. Four hundred boys and girls attended, mostly from Massachusetts and Connecticut. Master Teachers for the clinic included Martha Gable, Frank Wo lcott, Hayes Kruger and Georgia Reid , among others. The clinic director was Erik Kjeldsen. At that time , the clinic ran two and one half days, finishing around noon on the Sunday after Thanksgivi ng. After becoming an annua l event, the clinic traveled to different locations, including Springfield College, Framingham High School, Lowell Technological Institute and U.S. Coast Guard Academy . The attendance rose to 1,700 and then had to be cut ba ck to about 1,000 due to the space limitations. Early clini cs included competitions, but this idea was dropped later in favor of straight teaching. At Lowell Technological Institute (3 years ago) an international meet was held as a highlight of the clinic, and other years have produced excel lent exhibitions, but the competition idea has not been renewed. The clinic prides itself on a small student-


teacher ratio (7-1), large staff of competent Master Teachers and a great variety of theoretical sessions for coaches and judges of all leve ls. Over the years Master Teachers have included Abie and Muriel Grossfeld, Don Tonry, Barbara Gallagher, Ed Isabel , Wanda Obradovich , Jackie Fie, Bob Emery, Dale Flansaas, Herb Vogel, Donna Schaenzer, George Hery, Delene Darst, Kathy Corrigan, Rusty Mitchell , Ernestine Carter-Weaver, Frank Cumiskey, Armando Vega, Ed Scrobe, AI Stumpf, Jackie St. Jean, and man y other we ll known names in United States gymnastics. In 1969, the clinic attempted to add Miroslav Cerar and Nick Stuart (National Coach of Great Britian) to the staff. Cerar was not able to get here, but Nick Stuart arrived and was the highlight of the clinic. Dance instruction has always been a big part of the gymnastic clinic. Dance specialists have included Loise Engstrom, Grace Kaywell , Dan Peterson, Andrea Watkins and others. Eva Balacz and Maria Bakos have conducted sessions in Rhythmic Gymnastics and Dr. Joe Massimo in Psychology of Coaching. Recent additions have been sessions in Care and Prevention of Ath letic Injuries, Mechanical AnalYSis of Gymnastics, Judging, Coaching and Training Methods, International Reports and National Compulsories. The 1972 clinic was attended by 840 gymnasts and 150 coaches from 12 different states, including Maine, Texas, Ohio and Maryland. The Master Staff included Abie Grossfeld , John Crosby, Jim Cu lh ane, Joe Massimo, David Neel, George and June Szypu la, Joyce Tanac, Andrea Watkins, Greg and Margie Weiss, Mike Jacobsen and Glen Wilson. I n addition , the clini c emp loyed 100 coaches and college

gymnasts to provide individua l in structions at the general workout area . The two days we re full of learning and doing, utilizing three gymnasiums, a wrestling room and several classrooms in two buildings. Friday night was highlighted by an exhibit ion and Saturda y by an advanced tumbling demonstration, led by Abie Grossfeld and John Crosby. The organizing committee for the 1972 clinic included: Kitty Kjeldsen , clini c director; Isidore Battino and Margie Smith, program directors; George Jessup, assistant program director; Erik Kjeldsen , facilities chairman; Jeff Cardina li , equipment chairman ; A I Bickum, business manager; Robert Pataky, spec ial events chairman and Richard Aronson, teaching staff director. Tom Dunn , Virginia Eva ns and Tom Bassett acted as administrative assistants to th e clinic committee . Instruction at New England clinic.

Always A

Bridesmaid by Barbara Thatcher There is a quiet d etermination about Debbie Hill. A certain strength that only seems to show when she dances her way through a floor exercise routine or is visible on her face as she runs to vault. But if the old cliche " Always a bridesmaid , never a bride, " holds true she ma y never make an International team. The opportunity was there last June when Debbie placed sixth at the final Olympic trials in Long Beach. Howeve r the vote to put, a then injured , Cathy Rigby on the team placed Debbie in a shakey seventh place position , an alternate position. The same position she held during the World Championships, two years ago. " Had I been injured," she commented. " I doubt if they would have voted me on the team. But then that sounds like sour grapes now. I thought it was very unfair and Ican't ever forget it. But then I can 't blame the kids either. " Unfair? Perhaps but the Un ited States team was chosen in much the same way for the 1968 Olympics. Only then it was Linda Metheny who was injured and voted by the Olympic Committee to the final selection group. She was placed as the last girl on the list to go to the training camp. In the September/ October 1968 edit ion of Mademoiselle Gymna st the article following the trials stated, " The top ten place winners along with Miss Metheny will train at South Lake Tahoe until Sept. 23rd. at which time the squad under the direction and leadership of Muriel Grossfeld and manager Vannie Edwards will be reduced to seven members." The seven who went to Mexico were not the exact same seven fina li sts at the trials. The decision to place Linda Metheny on the team in 1968 and Cathy Rigby on the team in 1972 proved to be the right decision. Linda succeeded in placing fourth in the balance beam finals. And Cathy was the top A ll-A round performer for the American squad at Munich. But then the question comes. " In a subjective sport like gymnastics who is to decide a country's best gymnasts, a group of coaches?; a committee; or the judges, not just the final judges but those who have judged the gymnasts all the way through each of the trials?" The question is difficult to answer. But Debbie did go to Munich. " When they took me off the team they promised to take me to Munich .. So I really did make the team. But it was up in the air until two days before the competition on whether I would compete," she added . The decision hinged on whether Linda Metheny would be in shape to compete. While practicing a back flip on the balance beam during the Olympic training camp, Linda injured her diaphragm and refrained from working out for the two weeks prior to departure for Munich. From various reports she reinjured it and did not compete after the team competition. Debbie does not see the final decision in a "s how must go on" kind of li ght but rather, " I' d like to know what kind of pull a gymnast has to I ie flat on her back for two weeks and yet still compete. It bothered me a lot to see the

team on th e floor because I know I shou ld ha ve been in th e top six, I don ' t think we had the best team I think we were misreprese nted. " Controversial words? Maybe but th en Debbie is the first to admit that in the gymnastics world she has always been a controversia l figure. A devout Mormon , she has been criticized for her refusa l to compete on Sunday and also for her marriage at theageof16to Rod Hill, her coach and a man several years older than Debbie. Although the women ' s team placed fourth in Munich Debbie feels there was no team unity. " Everyo ne was kind of isolated from the others. The only time we saw each other was during practice." At the training camp she felt there was definitely an East coast group and a West coast group. " I don ' t know where I fit in cause I' m from Colorado and that 's' sort of in the middle. " The East-West riva l ry was also a reason Debbie thought for the change in the Olympic compulsory floor exercise routine at the training camp , so soon before the Olympics. " I don ' t know why there is this rivalry I quess it 's because the peopl e from the East and West are so different. I quess I'm considered West coast and we ha ve different styles. " It was the 1968 Olympics that inspired Debbie to want to be a top gymnast. Her gymnastics training started in Sparks, Nevada at the age of 13 but until the ' 68 Olympics was not that serious. She appeared on the National scene at the age of 16,. competing in the Jr. Nationals. Since then her training and determination has intensified. Debbie still would like to make an Olympic team. " I think the future of gymnastics outside of all the dirty politics is improving by leaps and bounds. If only people would care about the gymnasts instead of their own coaching position, and try to look at things from a gymnast 's point of view. If only coaches could be friends and be in it for the kids and not themselves ", she exp lained . Although there were cries of favoritism regarding judging at Munich, Debbie does not feel it was intentional. " We beat ourse lves with inconsistency. If we had hit perfect no one could have touched U's." She expressed the feeling that judging at al l levels was improving. " I think it' s becoming more and more adequate . I think the best thing is that the judges are getting away from the

teams ." But her final solution to gymnastic advancement for the United States is, " We ' re going to have to rebuild and get new blood . We have to make it worthwhile for the kids. We have to make them proud to be a member. Gymnastics should make young people better people. However it's not their whole life. It's mostly an experience that will leave them healthier because of it. It will make them a wel lrounded person ." Perhaps the most interesting aspect of Debbie is her constant strivi ng for perfection, her constant effort to do the very best she can. This attitude is shown most clearly in her comment on medals. "Competition is good but I like the idea of giving flowers in stead of trophies or medals. With flowers you have to come back again and again. You don 't have trophies that say the year and the place you were a winner. You have to keep proving yourself. Competit ion helps bring out personalities and is important training for life. Everyone needs to exce l in someth in g. "

For Debbie that so mething is gymnastics. And alth ough the past has had it' s impact on her attitude and future goals, the important thing to Debbi e appears to be the upcoming meets, the dail y practices, the eve ry day cha ll enges th at she m eets with the same kind of st rength and determination that she alway s has.


Mrs. Renee P. Hendershott 17605 Fries Avenue Lakewood, Ohio 44107


Renee ~endershott_ Women s _ _ _ _ _ __


Coordinating IIIII!IIIIIII editor _ _ _ __

BIRTH OF AN ASSOCIA nON Wilma Guy of Birmingham, Alabama shares with us some ideas used in the formation of the Alabama Gymnastics Association. We bring this to you in the hope that it may stimulate and assist other states in getting gymnastics going on an organized basis. " The reason for forming the Alabama Gymnastics Association was to promote, improve and publicize the sport in Alabama . We intend to supply needed information , have clinics both for gymnasts and coaches, judging clinics, and anything else that the membership feels is needed. " " There were many children in Alabama who wanted to get involved in gymnastics and there were some teams who had coaches working with them, however, there was no cooperation or communication . Last spring, Bill and I, with the help of other parents of our gym team, organized a coaches clinic in conjunction with the Alabama Education Association Meeting held in Birmingham every spring. We had Vannie Edwards put on the clinic with emphasis on the basic skills to be taught by grade school teachers. The need for this was demonstrated by many students coming into high school and even college gymnastics classes with no background whatsoever. The clinic was very well received. We charged each person $1 .00 admission to pay for the expense of the clinic and actually ended this clinic with a profit which was used to finance the formation of our organization. " " We had forms ior people to fill our if they were interested in becoming members of a gymnastics association. At first, we only had in mind forming a county gymnastics association, but since we had people attending the clinic from all over the state, we decided to go with ' Alabama Gymnastics Association .' The names that we obtained from this first clinic plus any others that we could find who were interested in gymnastics formed our first mailing list of 175 names. We sent applications for membership and almost 100 were returned. We have now cut our mailing list to only dues payin~ members because of the time and expense involved. We hold meetings once a month,


except in July and Augu st. We have set up dues as $3.00 per year mainly to cover mailing costs . We have adopted by-laws which were molded after those of the Georgia Gymnastics Association. " " AGA ha s held two women 's judging courses and exams. Delene Darst gave the first and Ernie C. Weaver held the second. Our first judging course produced two National judges and we haven' t heard from the last exam yet. " Another thing this group did was to incorporate. Mrs. Guy explains why : "The membership felt that we should be incorporated for protection of members in case of liability due to injury at a clinic or some similar incident. We have a lawyer working on this now, and he believes that we should form a corporation similar to a church with trustees in case we should want to own property of an y kind . Incorporation is also desirable to establish tax exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service ." The Al abama Association has recognized the importance of communication. They put out a newsletter which goes to every dues paying member. This way, every member is aware of all of the gymnastic activities going on in the state plus any National events which would be of benefit to members. NEXT MONTH: WHAT KIND OF INFORMATION SHOULD APPEAR IN AN ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER?

RESULTS - All Around (70.00 required to qualify for the Elite Championships in Seattle) Debbie Hill Nancy Thies Kyle Gayner Cole Dowaliby Betty Miller Robin Bleamer Colleen Sturial Connie Israel Pam Simone 10. Lisa Cain 13 others below 68.00 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

71.70 71.50 71 .15 70.80 69.05 68.75 68.55 68.55 68.55 68.05

FIRST ELITE QUALIFICATION ROUND FOR WOMEN Sponsored by the Marvateens in Maryland, this meet was held on January 26th and 27th, 1973. Competitors were required to perform the new version of the 1972 Olympic Compulsories plus their optional routines. First exposure to the general public of these revised routines was at the USGF Congress in Denver where they were demonstrated by Muriel Grossfeld , 1972 coach for the USA Women ' s Olympic Team . Nothing was prepared in writing at this time, so those who competed either learned them from coaches or gymnasts who had worked with them at the training camp , or from films actually taken at the Olympiad. So we must give credit to these gymnasts and thei r coaches. THEY ARE GO-GETTERS! All Around winners at Elite Qualifying meet.

Kyle Gayner

WHERE TO GO TO FOR ASSISTANCE IN YOU I{ OWN STATE Do you want to participate in, or hold USGF Age Group Meets, Teacher Education Workshops, Judges Training and Certification Clinics in your state? Do you need answers of a technical nature about judging or meet running? Do you have a gymnast who must petition into a USGF State or Regional competition? Then yo u need the help of you r State USGF Technical Director for Women 's Artistic Gymnastics. Region I CA: Shirley Ruhlman, 5725 Blanco Ave., Woodland Hills 91405 NV: Dale Flansaas, 445 Eureka, Reno 89502 UT: Wendy Ashton AZ: Barbara Hedges, 348 S. Bryant, Tucson 85711 HI: Jan Barosh, 502A Kawailoa Rd ., Kailus 96734 Region II WA: Ann Cannon, 8250 42nd St. , N.E. Seattle MT: Jud y Barkley, 225 Pattee Creek Dr., Missoula 59801 10: Sylvia Zuroff, 1661 Hillcrest, . Moscow 83843 AK: llabeLassel, 1640 Crescent, Or., Anchorage 99504 OR : Arlene Crossman, Rt. 2 Box 116, Lebanon 97355 Region 111 NM: Judy Hall, WPE - Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87106 TX: Darlene Schmidt, SW State Teacher's Univ. San Marcos LA: Carolyn Embry, S.E. LA. Univ., Hammond 70401 CO: Phyllis Jones, 2010 E. La Salle, Apt. 201, Colo. Springs 80909 OK: Mary A. Wagner, 2114 W. 3rd, Stillwater 74074 Region IV IA: Linda Cook, (2711 - 50th) ? Des Moines MN: Barbara Hanson, 690 East Belmont Lane, St. Paul 55117 WI: Jan Sjoquist, 130 S. 11th St., LaCrosse 54601 SO: Mrs. Rena Martin, R.R. #1, Bruce 57220 NB: Linda Beran, 1836 W. Adams St., Millard 68137 Region V OH: Jan Fetter, 1549 E. Main St., Lancaster 43130 IL: Donna Krame r, 3627 43rd. St., Apt. 211 , Mayfair, Moline, III. IN: Betty Heppn er, 5115 E. 79t h St., Indianapolis 46205 KY: Carol Liedtke, 6805 Moorhaven Dr., Louisville 40228 MI: Dana Sue Vail, 4600 W. Britton Rd. #128, Perry 48872 MO: Gloria Johnso n, WPE, Southwest State College, Springfield, NH: Jud y Beauregard, 23 Ridgewood Ave ., Keene 13431 VT: Marilyn Sheldon, Green Mt. College, Poltney MA : Kitty Kjeldsen, Women 's PE, Univ. of Ma., Amherst 01002 CT: Gail Davis, 1119 York St., Guilford 06439 NY: Linda Chencinski, 36-36172nd St., Flushing 11358 Region VI PA: Audrey Schweyer, 1850 S.W., 17th St., Allentown , 18103 NJ: Lois Musgrave, Hartford Rd ., Mt. Laurel 08054 MD: Betty Lou Breese, 14229 Hi-Wood Dr., Rockville 20850 DE: Pat Knepper, 235 Pinehurst Rd. , Wilmington 19803 VA: Barbara Rein wa ld, 3126 Maner Rd. , Falls Church 22042 Region VII TN: Donna Connelly, Rt. 2 Box 41, Louisville 37771 SC: Helean Timmermans, WPE, U. of S.c., Columbia 29208 NC: Barb Yarborough, WPE, U. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27514 AL: Betty Nash, 113 Violet Dr., Birmingham 35214 MS: Josey Templeton, P.O. Box 5308, State College 39762 FL: Wilma Fi zze ll, 130 E. Port Rd. , Riviera Beach 33404 GA: Pat Floyd, 4558 Roswell Rd. N.E. Apt. K-4, Atlanta 30342


Mechanism used pictures of skills.




How You Can Draw Sequence Pictures of Skills by Renee Hende'r shott The illustration of the aerial front walkover was taken directly from the 1970 World Games Film done by Mr. Frank Endo. Perhaps you would like to know how this can be done. There are a number of methods which can be used. 1. A hand cranked film editor whic;:h projects the enlarged image of the film onto a wall is one piece of apparatus which is really handy. One can tape paper on a smooth surface and project the skill sequence ....frame by frame on the paper. One simply draws around the figures. The disadvantage to this is that these film editors take either 16mm or a combination of super and regular eight movie film. 2. Another way of doing this is the overhead projector which will also project the film onto a wall. When using this type of visual aid, one needs a way of controlling the film so that it does not get all unwound and scratched . Some type of hand cranking mechanism must be used . A pair of cranks can be bought at a visual aids supply store for about $9.00 . Each one can be screwed to a heavy piece of board and placed on either side of the projector. The film reels are put on these and the film is fed over the stage of the overhead projector and onto the reel on the other side of the projector. Care must be taken that the film does not go over any sharp edges on th e stage. If the edge of the stage is sharp, it should be padded. 3. The method used in these illustrations was this: Using the hand cranking mechanisms on either side of a regular photographic enlarger, the film was fed through the mechanism which is ordinarily used to put photographic negatives through for printing. The enlarger was turned so that it would project the image down onto the floor for larger images. Again .... take care that the film will not be going over any sharp surfaces. Check with your dea le r to make sure that your enlarger is adequately cooled and can be left on for long periods of time without damaging it or the film (try it with old film first to see if any burning occurs. It shouldn ' t, but it is better to check first.)

We feel that st ud yi ng sk ill seq uenc es frame by frame like this is very en lightening. In the absence of video tape machines, this co uld be the least expe nsi ve method of study for man y coaches and gymnasts. I n all three of these methods one w ill find these things to be true: 1. Every time one part of the skill is drawn from a frame , a reference point or two should be drawn in with the figure. For example, when illustrating va ulting, both the board and the horse should be drawn in with every figure of the sequence. If drawing a tumbling sequence, some part of the surroundings should be drawn in. Otherwise one cannot tell how high or far the move has taken the gymnast in relation to her surroundings. 2. The 16mm film is t he most ideal. It enlarges better and greater detail can be seen in each frame ; howeve r because of its expense, many get Bmm film. The detail is not as sharp, but it is possible to get enough detail drawn in to pick up the technique. Bmm film was used in these illustrations. 3. Every frame does not have to be drawn. About every third frame can be used without loss of important sequence detail. One must be careful to pick the right frames. Important ones will catch the gymnast at the exact moment she puts her takeoff foot on the floor, beam or beat board. She must again be caught at the exact moment of takeoff to see angles and body positions. Four or five frames of the flight should be drawn and two orthree frames of the landing are important.

We would like to see more of you make sequence drawings like these .... both for your own enlightenment and for submission to The Gymnast with or without comments. If you wish to put down your observations and write a little article about your findings .. . fine. Otherwise send us your sequences and we will analyze them . It might even be a great idea to submit sequences you have drawn of your own gymnasts who are not doing the skill well. You can put your own comments in to try to tell the reader what is wrong with the skill as performed .... or just send it to us. A skillful panel of coaches will look at the sequence and determine what is wrong. The answers along with the illustration may be printed in The Gymnast for the benefit of others. Ican see us or you taking the same sequence from films of world class gymnasts to point out the differences and where th ey occur. Anyone who is i nterested in participating in this project should contact Renee P. Hendershott 17605 Fries Ave. Lakewood, Ohio 44107 . Send all drawings directly to her. Women ' s gymnastics only, please.













by Dan Speraw and Renee Hendershott Try this movement from a low "cliff" or beat board. The added height allows more time for the gymnast to complete her rotation as she first learns the skill. The trick to this skill is to kick back and up with strength and speed to cause the body to rotate . At the same time the pushoff leg must push to give the body height during the rotation. Our illustration shows a contraction of the upper body at the end of the hurdle (Frames 3 through 6) . This would seem to shorten the distance between the neck and the hips, giving more weight to the whipping leg, i.e., increasing its centrifugal force. The body then ' pops ' an arch, shortening the same distance again and further yet, allowing the foot to come under for the landing. We thought it very interesting to note the various positions of the arms at different stages of the skill. Notice in frame #5 how, during the strong push, her arms are in a horizontal position showing that definite contraction in the torso . This probably assists her in holding the contracted torso position. Notice too, that the arms neve r did go past the hips. As the gymnast passed the height of the skill and began to come out of it, her arms just reached forward up to the vertical. It is known that the arms are not even needed to p erform this skill. They are placed in the most aesthetic positions for the gymnast doing the skill; however they must not be used in such a way that they would mechanically interfere with the physics of the rotation. Common Errors: 1. Poor coordination of the whip and the pushoff. They must be simultaneous. 2. The front (pushing leg) not bending .. .the leg must of co urse bend and straighten in order to push . As obvious as this seems, many gymnasts, coming from a run will take off with a straightened leg. Speed often retards proper execution in the beginning stages of most movements. We suggest that beginners learn this first from a standing position ... then from two to three steps to the hurdle. 3. A horizontally directed punch .... flat flight .... travels forward during flight .. .seems to sink before rotation can be accompli~hed .. .the coach would say "blocking too late' '' ... or "setting too low. " The idea here is that we are trying to convert the gymnast's forward mom entum (from her run and hurdle) to a vertical flight by pushing off with a spring like action from the floor. The secret is in the timing of the push . Observe th e hips in frame #3 . They are behind the heel of the push off leg. Because of the body's


momentum it will " rock" forward somewhat before the pushoff can be completed . Notice in frame #5 and 6 that the hips have rocked directly over the base of support (the foot) and are only slightly forward of the foot (and this would not be if the toe were unpointed) as she extends in the push off. Her flight is almost entirely vertical. The gymnast can think of this in several ways. Commands such as "pushoff sooner", or "keep your hips over your pushoff foot as you push ", or " reach your push off foo t forward more as you come out of your hurdle" (indirectly keeping the hips back), or " take a shorter run " (not allowing her to build up so much forward momentum) may help her to achieve the proper flight.

A coach who is quick and has a good feel for timing can help the gymnast to "b lock" at the right time by' placing the hand (left hand if the gymnast is coming from the left and her lead foot is the right one) at the front of the pushoff hip as the gymnast comes out of her hu rdle and cause her to takeoff at the right time . The right hand can reach up and over the gymnast's right shoulder and upper back to rotate round with her body, and assist her in her "l ift" as she comes in for a landing .... SO .... QUICK HINTS ... slow down the approach step out further with the pushoff foot.. .. and push ' while the weight is still over the foot. Leave head neutral throughou t first half .... then keep it arched back during the second half and landing.

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Prepare for Impact! We cannot increase our weight to spot an oncoming heavy gymnast, but we can do two things: 1. Lean toward the oncomi ng body. The leg nearest the oncom in g gymnast is bent in a lunge. This brings the weight over that foot. 2. Widen the base of sliPport in the direction of the oncoming gymnast (feet in a forward backward stance if you are facing her, or spread apart sidewa ys if you are sideways to her. two things we usually do These automat ica ll y, and they are done to maintain the center of grav ity over the base of support. If we have our center of gravity over the foot more toward the oncoming object we ca n easi ly take a step back (in the d irectio n which its momentum pushes us) to avo id being knocked down. The figure illustrates this principle of wid ening the ba se of support and lean in g in the direction of the oncom ing projecti le. Have you ever been crushed as in th e f igure? I HAVE!

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Kim Kephart Diane Feltman

The United States was we ll represented at the International Invitation al Mexi can Meet, hosted by " Ellnst ituto Nacional de la Ju ventud Mexicana" or in simpl er terms the Mexican National Institute of Youth . Th e United States team, coached by Wendy Cluff, a United States gym nast in the 1968 Summer Olympics, co nsisted of Diane Fel tm an of the Beverly Hill s Tinsicettes, Kim Kephart and Jill Thomas of Newport Beach, Cathy Tr7adwell and Denise Katnich of the South Bay Gyminiks, Stephanie St romer, unattached, and A nn Graham of Sunland-Tujunga STA TS, as alternate. The meet held in the Mexican Olympic Fencing Stadium, Mexico City, Mexico, began o n the m orn ing of November 10, 1972 with a very elaborate and unique opening ceremony w hich was followed by the preliminary competit ion in the afternoon. Th e finals were held on the 11th and the closing ceremony o n Sunday the 12th. Seven teams participated in the meet Guatemala, Cuba, U.N .A .M . includin g (Mexico) , Escuela de Gimnasia (Mexico), I.P.N. (Mex ico), Asoc. Gim. Del. D.F. (Mexico City), and the Un ited States. The U.S. team's top competitor, Stephan ie St to mer, placed second o n beam , third in vau lting (9.12), third o n bars (8.90) and third p lace A ll-Around . Three ot her U.S. gi rls made the finals includ in g Jill Thomas on beam, Diane Feltma n o n beam, and Denise Katnich on beam, vaulting, and free-ex. Cuba proved to be o ur toughest compet iti on as their girls took al l of the first p laces and also the ieam championship w ith 177.55 points . Th e United States placed second with a total score of 169.85 and Asoc. Gim del D .F. placed third with 158.90.

MEET RESULTS ALL -AROUND TEAM SCORE 1. Caridad Alicia Sanchez Cuba 37.05 2. Vivian Garcia Rodriguez Cuba 36.20 3. Step hani e Stromer USA 36.00 4. Elana Rodrigue z M. Cub a 35.45 5. Denise Katni ch USA 35.05 6. Ruth Vallad ares Asoc. Gim del D.F. 34.95 VAULTING 1. Viv ian Garcia Rodriguez 9.35 Cuba 9.22 2. Ca ridad Alicia Sanchez Cuba 3. Step hanie Stromer USA 9.12 BALANCE BEAM Cuba 9.55 1. Carid ad Alicia Sa nchez USA 2. Stephanie Stromer 8.40 3. Ruth Valladares Asoc. Gim del D.F. BARS 1. Caridad Alicia Sanchez 2. Elena Rodriguez M. 3. Stephan ie Stromer FREE-EX 1. Vivian Garcia R. 2. Caridad Ali cia S. 3. Marvely Frometa O.

Cuba Cuba USA

9.40 9.35 8.90

Cuba Cuba Cuba

9.30 8.90 8.65

Jill Thomas



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STRADDLE TO STRADDLED CROSS SUPPORT MOUNT Prerequisites: Control in straddles cross support while swinging and ability to jump hips higher than beam and arch back in support. Training: Practice prerequisites until control is gained. Run with side to beam and allemptto jump high enough without straddling. Spot by holding upper arms and one leg as the body descends.

BACKWARD HANDSPRING STEP-OUT Prerequisites: Backward handspring on the lIoor. Training: Start on lIoor with line drawn before trying this skill on the low beam. Allemptto stall rotation by forcing stomach forward as legs push. Good shoulder alignment is necessary during handstand phase. Spot in belt or by hand.




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BACKWARD HIP CIRClE From a support position; cast legs upward to the rear. lower body freely until hips touch the bar. lean backward with shoulders and allow legs to roll over bar. Finish in arched support position.

FORWARD HIP CIRClE From support position ; stretch upper body forward so bar rests on thighs. Quickly lean forward with body straight. Pike sharply as body passes through horizontal position. Shift wrists over bar and fini sh in support.


FORWARD SEAT CIRClE Assume sitting position with undergrips. Raise hips uprearward and bring legs toward face (tight pike). lean forward and direct legs fordownward. After moment of forced compression at bottom of circle, extend hips slightly and pull shoulders over bar.





BACKWARD SEAT CIRClE Assume a sitting position on the bar with overgrips. Raise legs upward toward face, lean backwa rd and pull seat back-downward. Continue driving hips until sitting position occurs.

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KIP Obtain small unde rswing. At end of forward swing, quickly bring ankles to the bar. Extend hips (shoot legs) and pull shoulders ove r bar with bending elbows.


SEQUENCES BY SCHULZ photos by Dieter Schulz

Top: Peter Diehl executes an underswing to a piked fronl somersault with a V, Iwist. However the legs are apart and bent and the body is not fully stretched before Ihe somersaulting action begins.

Center: Eberhard Gienger dismounts with a full twist into a double back. Notice the head position and the use of Ihe arms.

Bottom: SIeve Zamora performs a Diamidov on parallel bars. The body is very controlled and balanced even when supported by one arm.



.1................................................ ···· ............................... -

so YOU WANT TO BE A JUDGE by Marion Butlrill

....••.•.......•••.....................•....•......... ....•••••••................ Un til recen tl y, every possible obstacle was put in the way oLa person wanti ng to become a judge. She had to pay dearly, travel many miles to attend a training course , put out cash immediately for the many books necessa ry for training, and are often resented by some coaches if questions are asked (t he coach feels hi s judgement or way of coaching is being questioned). And of co urse w ithout training cou rses,. training books, and coopera tion of the coaches, there is no way you ca n learn to be a judge, or become a better judge. Next time you , as a parent, coach, o r gymnast complain about the quality ' or lack 01 Judges, stop and think what you have done, or can do, to help improve the situation. Get out to a clinic, learn to be a judge. Try it, -yo u might like it, and one thing is certain, yo u are definitely needed. Parents, gymnasts and coaches should not compare one weeks scores, given by one set of judges against the next weeks sco res given by a completely different se t of judges. Ideall y, all judges should be infallible. If th ey know their compulsories and if th ey know th eir code of points and difficulties, so me people automatically assume that each Judge should be able to see the same thing as the other judge or judges. There are many reasons why this is not so. Judges are stationed at different locations on the floor during the var ious routines, and can get different vies of the same routine. Some judges may be far more experienced and quick in noticing the technique , composition or difficulty. Some may be trained with one judge especially proficient in dance moves and a'-Iother judge more orientated toward tumbling. Also the higher angle of the stands from which a spectator is viewing the routines, may sometimes presen t a different view than that observed by the judges. You can ' t be serious .... Many people do not realize what the neophyte judge faces as she begins her training. Not only must she begin to obtain a working knowledge of tumbling, acrobatics, dancing, uneven bars and vaulting, but here is a very fri~f and only partial rundown of what she must learn about compulsory and optional routines. Compulsory routines are divided into three separate age groups. For each age group, a judge must know by heart all the penalties for the balance beam, floor exercise, and the uneven bars, plus the vault that is performed by each. Therefore, to be able to judge the compulsory routines effectively and to pass that section of the test, a Judge should know nine routines completely .... all the penalties involved with these routines. whether the gymnast ha s reversed parts or w hole routines, and also know the three compulsory vaults with all their penalties. I n the compulsory routines



and the compulsory vaults alone, there are over 500 separate set penalties that must be learned and put into the co rrect category, to co me up with a correct and accurate score all within the 20-30 seconds a judge is allowed at the finish of a routine. Under certain circumstances, besides all this, a judge must be within .2-.5 of the scores of the other judges. On optionals, there is a slight change in judging. Now ' a judge has to learn what are basic, medium, superior, and high superior movements for three different events, know the code of general faults , (small, medium and serious), and be ab le recognize air the different vaults and memorize the execution and breakdown of each vault. Since there is one published book that alone lists approximately 700 va rious skills, and there are about 35 different va ults, again judges are faced with even a greater problem. In a routine that lasts about a minute, we must recognize each element or movement, (was it basic, medium, or superior?) was it done technically correct, did the routin e ha ve good combinations and was it original, did it have good composition or structure, did the music and routine fit the morphology of the gymnast, was the gymnast elegant, light, having good amplitude, was the routine done in the prescribed length of time and on and on and on. Again the judges must come up with an accurate score 20-30 seconds af-ter the finish of the routine. Also in a vault that lasts about 5-6 seconds, a judge must know in a flash the kind of va ult performed , its point value, did the gymnast have good pre -flight, repulsion, after-flight, a balanced vault, did she have the proper height, bod y alignment and stretch? All of this alone is enough to frighten many new, potenti all y qualified persons away from judging. The ne xt obstacle for the new judge is that it is very difficult and sometimes impossible for judges to develop the thick skin (plus strong kidneys) that must accompany the knowledge they are trying to learn. Any good coach at a meet is going to be in there fighting for every.1 of a point he can get for his gymnast. Although the amount of protests have decreased fantastically in the past few years, a strong knowledge of judging, (even taking and passing the judging tests by all coaches) would improve this facet of judging even more. There will always be some judges more competent and knowledgeable than others. Some will be strong and some will be weak and vulnerable . To be a super judge, you have to ha ve the hid e of a rhinoceros, th e tact of a diplomat, the memory of an elephant, the knowledge of an Einstein , the endurance of an ox, the wisdom of Solomon , th e smi le of an angel , a com pl ete disdain for mon ey, a forgiving nature, and a hec k of a lot of lo ve for gymnas ts and gymnastics. On top of all this, judges are iaced with coaches say ing " The right gymnast should get

the right pla cin g.",a nd unfo rtunat ely each o n e of them is sure th at his gymna st deserves th e top place. Lets always str ive to be fair to our gymnasts. It has often b ee n thought that the gymnast that is wei l-kn ow n or that has a " name", has the advantage and is favored ' when she is sco red . This must not hap pen. Other gymnasts will lose faith, confidence and trust in that judge. It is not fair to that gymnast who has worked hard to pass her ri va l, given the better performance, but then received the lower score. A judge must not be swayed by the gymnast 's reputation , a coach's reputation or intimidation . A jud ge should welcome an y inquiry or protest that is va lid . When a judge is knowledgeable, has been consistant from the first performance on , th en should an inquiry or protest occur after judging 6, 16, or 60 routines, the judge will be able to go back and from the accurate notes kept oneach gymnasts' routine, be able to justify the score. Then ne xt are the marat hon m ee ts w here a judge sits for hours in a hard chair, without a scheduled break for bathroom or water and sometimes even food, and the words heard as the judge goes out the door are "Hey, goodbye, thanks, I' ll send a check " . Now if all this hasn 't discoura~ed a potential judge , then the next co uld almo st be th e final blow. No one will get rich, nor pay their rent, or even buy many new clothes on the pay received from judging gymnastic meets. Never figure out what the pay is by the hour. In fact , no one in their right mind would ever go to an ·employment agency and even think about accepting a potition from an employer that requires the person to pay aII her own expenses to learn , then . w hen trained receives about $1.00 per hour'· for services, furnish her own transportation and meals, work under poor conditions, (long hours, hard chairs, ho t or cold gyms), receive little appreciation and verbal abuse that sometimes comes with the job, then ha ve to constantly stud y and take more tests to keep up with the spo rt. But a judge will also find that there are enough of those special meets that she is fortunate to judge, where the minute you step in the door of the gym, the coaches, the meet director, and gymnasts are so cooperative and the meet is so well organized, it is a pure delight to be there. And if you have the time, patience or the endurance, there is nothing quite so fascinating or rewarding as learning to judge and then actually judging your first meet. You must look composed and co nfident, not betraying in any way that pure panic has set in , that your mind has gone temporarily blank, and you are positive that you are going to outshake any novice gymnast in the meet, and you cannot imagine for what insane reason you are sitting out on that floor, and then the first gymnast presents herself and looks at yo u with such a wistful, confident, scared, shaky, and happy expression all rolled into one, that you relax, and as the routi ne begins, you know why you are there. If you get a warm feeling when you watch these girls perform, whether they are nine or twenty-nine, when you see them out on that floor before you working their hearts out, again you will know why you are there . You not only love the girls and love the sport, but you are needed. You looked and saw a need , you are doing your best to fulfill that need , but in the process you are the winner, because you have gained much more than you ca n _possibly give ..... what more can an yone wish for?

by Helen Sjursen

Composing a Routine by Gretchen Dowsi ng

IllUSION You shou ld ha ve ve ry fl ex ibl e leg mu sc les to perfo rm thi s trick co rrectly, plu s a flexible b ack . When yo u swi ng o ne leg r ear- upwa rd , yo u should reach the "stand in g split " pos iti o n (need le) (F ig. 1), arms swi ngin g off to th e in sid e of th e su pportin g leg . The sp lit second thi s standing sp lit is reach ed , yo u mu st qui ckl y ro tate th e upper bod y, by p ivot ing o n the ball of th e suppo rtin g foot , so yo ur back faces th e floo r w ith hea d and arms lo w (F ig. 2) . Both th e p ivo ting and rot at ing of th e body must be don e qui ckl y, putting yo ur bod y ina position as it would be ju st sta rting to come out of a front wa lk ove r. After th e rot atio n, rise wit h a sli ght forward lea n since a forward lea n on rising ca n be co ntro ll ed much better th an no t le anin g forward enough, w hi ch wo ul d result in a more serious erro r in execution. For bett er co ntro l throug hout, DO NOT BEND THE LEGS AT ANY POINT. Keep in m ind th e po sition of a front wa lk over w hen you q uick ly rotate th e body. Practi ce th e " illu sion " on th e fl oor fir st until it is mastered. For precise balance co ntrol , pra cti ce th e illusion in a se ri es, one right after th e other. If you can do two successive illusions in yo ur beam routine, o r floor exe rcise routine, yo u would b e incr eas in g th e co mbi nat ion va lu e of your ro utine . Wh en pra cti cing in a se ri es, the swinging leg does not touch th e floor until the comp let ion of th e se ri es. When p erformin g th e illusion o n th e bea m , prete nd yo u are o n th e floor. Many times thi s pret ense helps to co ntro l balan ce. Th ere are few gi rl s w ho perform th e illu sion correct ly. Many girl s tend to kick to a ve ry hi gh sca le and th en rotate th e entire sca le pos ition . Thi s is in co rr ect.

Combi nations: As soo n as any trick or dance move is ma ster ed. it sho uld be performed in sm oo th co mbin at ion w ith others. Students are quite crea t ive w hen all owed to b e, so have th em think up their own co mbin ati o ns. To get them sta rt ed , yo u may suggest the followin g idea s: 1. Add a dance move before o r after a ca rtwh ee l (or wa lkover, etc.) 2. Make up a co mbin ation of a dance move, tumbling trick , and a d ifferent dance move (i.e . hitch kick, wal kover, tour jete .) 3. Perform a slow mov e, a fast one, and a slow one, in th at order (i. e. slow roll , rou ndoff, slow cartwheel.) 4. Make up a tumbling run w ith 4 tri cks , with little or no running in between (i.e. roundoff flip fl o p, turn hand sp ring , ca rtwheel.) 5. Pl ay follow th e lea der, each rep ea ting and adding one tri ck . 6. You may li st some possible comb in ations and ha ve them try th em, but that isn't half as much fun as lett ing th e students make up the ir own! Composing a Free Exercise Routine One of the easiest ways to co mpose a routine is to ask yo ur students to l ist all of the tricks and dance moves they can p er form. Then have th em choose th eir tumbling runs (these can be sim pl e) , their lea ps, movements o n the fl oor, dance runs, balances, and va rious other co mbinations. Next, 'unless you are blessed w ith a pi ano pl ayer, t he girls wi ll have to select t heir own mu sic - that which has o ne i nstr{,Jment and fit s th e girl's move ment style. Next, while listen ing to the musi c, the student shoul d choose from her li st the movem ents whic h fit b est wit h d ifferent secti o ns of th e musi c. . Then she shou Id sta rt rnapping her routine. This is the system I use: _______ tumbl in g runs ----.....--.

slow dance or ac robati cs


move ments on the floor


Composing a beam routine: Use th e same method as for free exercise: have yo ur students jot down all of their poss ibl e mo ve ments o n beam. Th en w rit e down run s using th ese" sk i li s, va r.y i ng th e leve l, rh ythm, and direction of th e ro uti ne . Samp le routin e: Movements on th e beam (low level) fa st dan ce tumb ling lea ps slow dance pose



DISMOUNT With this method you ca n t ell at a glan ce if yo ur students have a monotonu s routi ne or too many poses, and you can wo rk wit h th em to cor rect t hi s. An obv ious advantage is that you don ' t have to watc h each stud ent's routine in order to catch early mistakes.


N'V'VV'vvv... fast dance o r acrobatics ~


Th e foll ow in g is a sam ple routin e using m y nota ti o ns:


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All eight " run s" can b e listed o n a 3x5 card to help in memori zing the routin e. Also , the supe ri or and m edi um tricks sho uld be li sted, in orde r to make sure that t he ro utin e co ntains all 6 ~ Iem e nts of difficult y (i f possible.)


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ORIGINALITY AND CREATIVITY by B. Korenberg A brief English version prepared by H.J. Biesterfeldt Jr. from discussions with Dr. Michael Skalsky, now at Southern Illinois University and formerly professor in the University of Lvov, USSR. Gymnastika 1970, pp. 61-67. Published by Soviet Ministry of the Press, USSR. Gymnastics, of all sports, allows perhaps the greatest room for originality. Without it, by copying what has already been done, we obtain dull work. It is a sad thing to think of the athlete who does as he is told , and has the attitude that the thinking should be left to the coach. Following the well known trails is not enough . We must strike out anew. It isas with seeing the moon- owe only see one side. To see the other side we must follow a totally new course. We may do this by exploring new worlds, or by digging more deeply in current ones. Certainly the new areas are the more exciting, and generally the easier in which to make innovations. Among gymnastic events, floor e xercise is perhaps the easiest to be creative in . For we have available three forms of creativity. First, we can create new parts or new versions of old parts. Then we may invent new mechanics for old parts. Third, we may show originality in the composition of the e ntire exercise. These aspects are also available, in greater or lesser degree, on the other events . . Enough of empty generalities. We now consider some examples of new parts on horizontal bars, uneven bars, and parallel bars. HORIZONTAL BAR Figure 1: At the end of a fo rward swing, execute a 360 degree turn , to the left, releasing right grip first, then left, turning free and regrasping first with left hand in undergrip, followed by right hand in overgrip. This could be followed by a vault, etc. Figure 2: From atop the bar, either step on the bar and do half a sole circle, or execute a free hip circle coming away from the bar as in sketch 2, fig . 2. Turning to the left, release right grip first , and complete a 360 degree turn , regrasping first with left and then with right, to either mixed or undergrip. Follow by a back swing, giant, or other possibilities. Figure 3: From hang under the bar, stoop between hands and extend backward toward a German Hang (sketch 1) release one hand and execute a 360 degree turn to a double overgrip, perhaps followed by a forward giant circle. Figure 4: (Second line is a top view) Execute a rear vault, perhaps with the legs pointing a bit downward. Legs raised to left. On clearing the bar, reach for the bar with the left hand while turning to the left, extending body, to catch with mi xed grip, and rearward swing. Figure 5: Execute a high back uprise from underswing, and near the top release left hand and raise it, body somewhat above horizontal, turning leftward and releasing right grip. Regrasp with right hand, reaching under with left to mixed grip, so that the body completes a rotation of 540 degrees, and follow by backward swing. Figure 6: As in item 5, but turn only 360 degrees, and regrasp in support position, perhaps followed by free hip circle.


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Fig. 5


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Fig. 10

Fig. 8

Fig. 11

Fig. 9

Figure 7: From overgrip giants. Just as one passes over the bar, release right hand and raise it, moving in the opposite direction as for a pirouette. Exec ute a half turn to either elgrip or mixed elgrip and undergrip position . Figure 8: From overgrip giant, move to c rossarmed overgrip giant, and without release of grip, turn 180 degrees to mi xed elgrip and overgrip giant. Figure 9: From overgrip giant, execute saito rearward , extend ing only after turning beyond normal landing position, to a horizontal bod y position instead . On extending, press toes slightly to right while reaching across chest with right arm, thus turning 180 degrees to left and regrasping the bar. PARALLEl BARS From a support position, swing backward, and turn 360 degrees to support on upper arms as in figure 5. This is to be done, of course, without the last twist of figure 5. In addition , it is important to avo id displacement of the bod y over the support bar, so th at the suppo rt shou ld e r must be displaced toward the center of the bars. This will prevent th e body alignment remaining straight, but we must live with that.

From a support position, rurn 360 degrees on backward swing, again to a support position . The problems are as before. This can be executed at the end of the bars as well as in the middle. From a support as above , exec ute same turn and pike vigorously, dropping to an underswing in pike position. From support , e xecute high front and turn 270 degrees as in Diamidov turn , but keeping weight over the support hand . Finish with dismount or any other move done from the handstand on one bar. From support, on front swing, turn 360 degrees, and further 90 degrees to support on one bar with undergrip, then 90 degrees more to handstand on two bars. (Total 540 degrees)

UNEVEN BARS Figure 10: Swing from support on low bar to a handstand , and execute a half turn in the hand stand, then lower ov e r the top bar. Figure 11: From perhaps a back hip c irc le on the low bar, execute somew hat lik e a hec ht from low bar, under the high bar, with ha lf turn to catch on high bar. This co uld also be done with 540 degree twist , as in figure 5.

Fig. 12

Figure 12: From support on low bar, facing outward , cast backward and reg rasp top bar behind in eagle grip. Figure 13: From a stand on the low bar, leaning against the top bar, swing arms overhead and backward . By a vigorous pike, rise off the bar to a backward saito, either as a dismount or to a regrasp of the top bar. This could also include 360 degree twist. Figure 14: Perhaps from a stoop in and fo rward circ le upward to position 1 of figure 14, exte nd Vigorousl y, to position 2, bouncing off the top bar with thigh , and exec ut e a pi ked saito over the low bar, to a stand or to a glide under the low bar. (360 degree twist possible also.) 29

Figure 15: From run, jump over low bar in straddle to hang on upper bar, then arch and pike as though going to a seat on the low bar. Instead execute a full twist of 360 degrees, regrasping low bar in rear support as shown . Figure 16: From a sit on the top bar facing outward, reach overhead to low bar much as in back handspring, then step onto the low bar ancr execute half a sole circle, then extending vigorously in position 6, piking again to a recatch as in position 7 of figure 16.

MODIFICATIONS OF PARTS ON UNEVEN BARS From support on the top bar, swing to stretched position, and execute 360 degree turn to right holding with left hand, ending with one eagle grip. This m'ay be done without high swing, using a simultaneous release and regrasp. The same element, but done to a cross arm grip, allows another half turn at the end of the forward swing.



Fig. 13


The common back uprise, done with some whip so that the uprise is free, can be combined with many standard parts.

GENERAL REMARKS It is easier to conceive new parts and modifications than to work out a rational technique for their execution. Then there are also special problems with the mastering of the technique. Fear, and other psychological matters, are central. Suitable sequences of buildup must be involved to introduce the new techniques. Adequate protection measures, either manual or mechanical spotting, must be worked out. The teacher may have to devise ways to practice adequate spotting. Various approaches may be possible, with different ones better for different students. The coach must consider the physical and psychological characteristics of the individual in selecting a technique. The nature of the physical setup, and the degree'of conditioning of the student are also involved. The same choice might not be proper at different times during the year for the same man. When understanding of the technique is absent, the student may benefit from seeing others accomplish what he is trying to learn . For others, this can be a discouragement. In short, there is much more to learning new parts than merely inventing the parts.

Fig. 14

Fig. 15


Originality and Daring

Ideas for the imaginative gymnast from reader's contributions ..... by Tom Humphrey Originality and daring are now definite factors in judging competitive gymnastics. Given performances of equal caliber the judges are supposed to give preference to the routine that demonstrates the most originality and daring. Ii is our contention, however, that these judging elements are actually more important than the judges manual would indicate. The deluge of publicity attending Olga Korbut' s Olympi c routines are, indeed, a case in point. For instance her back layout catch on the upper bar of the uneven bars is really a " circus " trick of undetermined difficulty . There is no question though as to the effect it had on the audience and quite probably on the judges. Getting the crowd on your side is one of those unmeasurable factors. But Olga personifi ed " charisma", and though she had som e very elementary bar movements with form breaks in many spots throughout her Olympic routines she was scored very high . Though this feature is to stress originality and daring please understand -that there is no substitute for well execute.d fundamental gymnastics... but in competition the edge will probably go to the gymnast who does original and daring moves WITH FORM and PRECISION . Therefore we are instituting this, hopefully, regular column with the suggestion that YOU exercise your imagination and submit ideas to us so that all of us can be turned on by your brain storming. Send us "original " moves and or routines that you have done, tried or dreamed up . Perhaps these " spin offs" will stimulate and inspire us all to more originality and daring. It is suggested that if you run into trouble trying to describe your idea resort to stick figures in ink and we'll do our best to get the gist of the idea printed. To get the ball rolling I am offering some far out ideas of my own , but if just one idea is workable for just one gymnast then I think this feature is worthwhile. FLOOR EXERCISE Oh my! The opportunities here are infinite, and it is somewhat depressing for me to see both female and male gymnasts sticking to stock moves and routine-routines . I recall some gymnast of many years ago opening his free ex routine with a literal crowd shaker. He fell forward stiff as a board to a pushup position and bounced up to a planch e. That did wake the crowd up. (I w o uld certainly suggest this move be tried on a nice soft mat at first) . And what ever happen ed to " giants" on the floor? From a handstand lower to a su ck-

thru , extend and pu sh from the extended position whil e " dislocating" to a handstand . I've seen. them don e both ways too. Beautiful. POMMELED HORSE Traveling scissors have always intrigued me ... can they be don e? For a while a few intrepid gymnasts who were bored with doing unimaginative dismounts started doing back saltos out ot loops. I always thought the move was undergraded but maybe now .. . ? How about a Diamidov out of a loop?? BARS One move that I actually made a few times could be applied to both unevens and high bar-from a front stalder shoot to a high straddle cut (instead of flanking) and re-catch in a dislocate grip (the only way I could catch was by looking back over one shoulder) . One dismount we ·used to do at the beach was a giant layout frontto-the-back with a V2 twist one way and then reverse the twist and do a full twist the opposite direction. I believe Bill Roy of USC used to do much the same thing on the floor with a barani with a Vi twist one way and V2 twist back the other. If you didn ' t know what was coming off I'd defy you to analyze it. In fact I think he collected a few bets from that one. VAULTING Now here is one event where the counter twisting as described above might work , though I' ve never heard of it being tried. It does show that the transfer of moves from one piece of apparatus to another is one way to achieve originality and daring. BEAM Speaking of transfer of moves, a little side horse here might be a lead to a new mount. Try a loop on the end to a moore or a single rear--it works 'cause I did it, and if myoid bones can do it I am sure a girl could probably do it. Or how about this dreamed up dismount. From a handstand drop to a stomach roll and continue up to an immediate back layout off to the side. RINGS Notwithstanding the illustration heading this article, I do think there is room even on the rings for plausible originality and daring. Some 25 years ago I saw the following mount, but have not seen it since. Jump to one ring, pull to a one arm back lever, rotate the body 180 0 and reach out to the other ring and pull to an ~ cross. As I rem ember it the gymnast did this different mount quite slowly, but the audience responded enthusi asti cally. The above rather wild ideas are presented just to get you thinking. I' m sure you'll be able to think of more suitable moves or combinations. So now the rest .... .. .. is up to YOU.

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This co mpetition was organized just like the Chunichi Cup, only this time ju st event awa rds wou ld be given rath er th an A ll- Around awards. The balance bea m and floor exercise we re th e first two events. The three winners of the balance beam were the on ly three that stayed on th e beam . This event proved disasterous for everyone. This was probably the result of al l the confusion during the day and the lack of relaxation time before the meet. joan did a beautiful routine and then fell on her las t stunt. Kim fe ll on her front aerial for the first time in competition . Dronova and Tourischeva both fe ll once during the routine and on their dismounts. janz proved her superior cond iti oning by stay in g on the beam and wi nnin g with a 9.65 . Csaszar, from Hungary, was second with a 9.45 and Hosaka from japan was third w ith a 9.20. You can see by the scores, not the best of performances . Most of the girls did a fine job on their floor exercise routines. Tourischeva was second with a 9.70, after modifying her routine to include her sta lled back saito rather than her arabian combination. Her vivacious team mate, Dronova, who included all her difficulty, received a 9.75. jan z was third with a 9.50. j oan would have been third w ith a 9.55, but she stepped out of bounds after her double. Friday, December 7 Again i n this evening competition, t here proved to be downfalls for many of the competitors. Vaulting and uneven bars were the two events. I am sure that j anz had one of the worst nights of her brilliant ca reer. She was unable to "stick" eit her of her vau lts and had one missed stunt and severa l extra swings in her bar routine. Dronova also had a bad night. She fell on her first vault and did a poor second va ult. On the uneven bars she had a bad fall after h er one and a half so le circle over the low bar. Falling on the low bar left her with bruises that made it impossible for her to co mpete on bars in the next competition. Tou ri scheva was the winner of the event with a 9.70; Burda was second with a 9.55 and Bekesi from Hungary was third with a 9.50. In vaulting, Tourischeva was aga in the winner w ith a 9.80. She did a beautifu l Yamashita. jan z was second with a 9.65 and Burda was third with a 9.60. After the compet ition 'there was another re ce ption , with more gifts and good-bys to the people of this area. It was also at this rece ption that we said good -by to the japanese girls who had been w ith us so far. At the ne xt meet in Tokyo, the japanese had different girls because they wanted to use loca l talent when possible. One final note about the competition in Fukuok a, the japanese in their persi stence to please provided magnificent gymnasiums and facilities and they d id the same at this competit ion . H owever, they made one mistake for this competition , all the equipment was new . It had never been used before and proved to be very slippery because of the o il used to perserve the wood . So besides the mistakes of the gym nasts, the apparatus definitely proved to be a cha ll enge. Also, after the reception, the j apanese and Americans introdu ced the Hungari an girls to bowling. They had never played before and hoped they cou ld again on their tour to the United States. Saturday , December 8 During the early afternoon we w ere taken to the airport for our fli ght to Tokyo, the final stop of the tour. We were given the entire day to rest, which was wel co med by everyone.

Upon arri vin g in Tok yo we boarded anot her bus w hich took us to the Palace Ho tel, w hi ch is loca ted across from th e Imperial Palace. We we re a littl e disappointed th at we were un ab le to visit the Palace or the grounds because th ey were closed to the public until New Years Eve. Sunday, December 9 The compet iti on in Tok yo was at): OO p.m. in the Judo Hall used in th e 1964 Tok yo Ol ympi c Games. It is a large Hall t hat seats clo se to twent y thou sa nd spectato rs. A nd , at each sess ion of th e compet ition al mo st every sea t was taken. I wou ld lik e to state th at all th e co mpet iti o ns and exh ib iti o ns were sel l o uts and each was also telev ised to th e people of Japan . There is t reme ndou s su pport fo r th ei r gymnasts w ho are their Natio nal heros. At the end o f each meet we wo uld be mobbed for autographs and comp lete stra ngers wou ld hand us gifts. Th e yo un g girls we re particularly interested in ju st see ing the Japa nese men 's team. As for the co mp etit ion in Tok yo, it was organized just like th e previous two w ith balance b eam and floor exe rcise th e first eve ning. Awa rd s we re give n for both eve nt winners and All-Around w inn ers. We were also treated to an exhib ition of yo ung Japanese boys and girl s w ho ce rt ainl y demonstrated that their strength will remain for years t o co me. Durin g this competition the gY fTI l1asts see med to have gotten their seco nd wind, beca use the performances were far more superior to those in Fukuoka. The new Japanese woman gymna sts were Keiko Noda, Hi ss ko Ue no, and Chieko Kito . Th ese girls did not appear to be as experienced as the three we had in th e o th er co mpetitions. The results of the first nights co mp et ition were extremely pleasing to us, as Joan finished second in floor exerc is e scoring a 9.65 - an honor she has long deserved. Touri scheva was first with a 9.75 and Burda and Dron ova tied for third. Kim finished fifth behind the Ru ssia ns and ti ed with Janz sco rin g a 9.50. In the balance beam everyo n e was ab le to once again stay on the beam except the Japanese girls. Touri sc he va finished first with a 9.65; Jan z was seco nd w ith a 9.60; and Burda, Dronova and Csaszar from Hungary finished third with a 9.50. The two Americans were sixt h w ith a 9.40. During this eveni ng we spent so me time w ith th e Russian girl s afte r attempting to smu ggle Joan Moore

th em som e food aft er th ey had been forb idd en to ea t be ca use th eir t rain er fe lt th ey we re gett in g too fat. It was a grea t oppo rtunity to ta l k w ith th e girl s on a casua l bas is wh ich we rarely co ul d do pr evio usly. Th eir tim e was always occ up ied w ith trainin g or ot her matters. The y were rarely give n tim e to t hem se lves. Mond ay, December 10 The seco nd d ay of compe titi on aga in was in the ea rl y afte rn oo n. A nd aga in the girl s did much bett er th an in the prev ious co mpetition. Th e resu lts we re as fo llows on the une ve n bars; Touri scheva was first w ith a 9.70; Janz seco nd w ith a 9.65 and Beke si was third wi th a 9.50. In va ultin g, Touri sc heva captured first w ith a 9.80; Jan z aga in was seco nd w ith a 9.65; And Burda was third wi th a 9.60. Drono va was un ab le to compete o n the bars b eca use of the fall she had taken in th e pr evio us competit ion . In th e A ll-Aro und , Tourisc heva was fir st w ith a 38.90; Janz was second wit h a 38.40; Moore was third w ith a 37.95; th e two Hu nga ri ans, Beke si and Csasza r ti ed for fourth w ith 37.80; Burda was sixth w ith 37.65; and Chace was seventh wit h 37.50. Th at eve nin g we had our fin al reception and good-b y part y and aga in were presen ted w ith more gifts. It was a casua l party w ith all the delegat ion s singing songs of th eir count ry. We sa ng " Jingle Bells " and h ad eve ryone join in regardless of w hat lan guage they used. It was a fun time , but we kn ew that all to soo n we wo uld have to face the mound s of treasures we had co ll ected and att empt to get them in to the same, already jammed lu ggage we had come over w ith . It was also a tim e for final good-bys for many we wo uld probabl y never see aga in. We were all eager to get home, to o ur vario us respo nsibilities, includin g Joan planning her weddi n g, but it was difficult to leave the fri ends we had co m e to know so we ll. Tu esday, December 11 Some how we managed to get everything packed , only to have to repack it o nce arri v ing at the airpo rt, because the packages we re to large for the plane. Joan and I left first for Seattle and Kim left severa l hours later for Lo s Angeles to participate in an ex hibiti on w ith the SCATS . Personally, I had a treme ndous time. It was the first tim e any of us had been to Japan and I certainl y wo uld not refuse go in g aga in . The hospitality we were shown ca nnot be easil y surpassed. A littl e about the judging. I feel it was ve ry fair. I, as we ll as Latynina was app roached by Madame Nagy for not sco rin g the Hungarian girls as hi gh as she did , but I ho n est ly do not feel my scores we re as low as she fe lt th ey we re. And , during the course of th e tour, she did ask m e why I scored them' as I did and she listened, which I felt was a good sign. She was also ve ry open to why she scored our girls as she did and I passed this inlormatio n on the Kim and Joan to help them und ersta nd th ei r sco res. My only sugges ti on b es id es better co mmuni cation before leavi ng wo uld be to have both a coach and a jud ge atte nd these eve nts. I know th at this suggesti o n has been made before, but again I urge that somethin g be don e about it. It is ext r.em ely difficult to act in th e professional manner expected of a judge, when you must also co mmuni ca te w ith the gymnasts as th eir coac h. Many personal matters need att en tion , and a judge many tim es cannot leave to take ca re of the gymnast 's needs. The Russians, with their larg e delegation were helpful , but o nly w hen th ey wanted to be.



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Box 274 Stea mboat Springs Co lorado 80477 JUNE 10-1 6, 1973 To be held at th e beautifu ll y loca ted Sca nd inav ian Lod ge at th e M I. We rn er Trainin g Ce nt er in Stea mboa t Sp rin gs. As a membe r of th e ca m p and guest of the lod ge, yo u will enj oy sa un as, de li cio us mea ls served in th e lod ge d ini ng roo m, a p ro sho p, read ing lo un ge, film s in th e fi lm roo m , gy mn asiu m and rec rea tion roo m. A t th e lodge is also an ath le ti c fi eld su rro und ed by so me o f Co lo rad o 's Rocki es fin es t h ik ing mo untains . Yo u w ill be guarant eed 5 full d ays o f in stru cti o n and o ne day of open wo rko ut and -or a ca mp meet. A ll Ol ympi c events fo r men and wom en w ill be o ffe ren w ith so me o f th e natio n 's to p co aches in attend ance o n th e staff COACHES Neil Sc mill - NCAA A ll American High Bar, Coach Un ive rsit y of Iowa, NCAA High Bar Champ . Charley Froemin g - NCAA A ll Amer ica n on Rin gs, NCA A champ. Coach Addison High Sc ho ol, Addi son , Illi noi s. Bob Dixo n -1 972 O lymp ic Fin alist, NCAA Champ A ll A merica n . Doug Bartz - Ce rtifi ed U. S. and Inte rn ationa l Jud ge. Mark D avis - NCAA , A ll Am erican High Bar, On e of Tw o Ind ividu als in the Wo rl d to d o Quadrup le o ff Flyi ng Rings. Fran cis M. Allen - coach Un ive rsit y o f N ebraska. Hoppie Ballen - gy mnast Un ivers ity o f Neb . ' l va u lte r in U.S. D ean Show alter - Big 10 A ll Aro und champ 1972, Fi nalist O lymp ic Tr ials 1972. 1973 Rocky Mtn. Gym. Camp Ma il to: Rocky Mountain Sc ho o l of Gymna stics, Bo x 274, Stea mboat Sp ri ngs, Co lo rad o 80477 Name o f St udent _. _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ Age :_ _ Sex:M Leve i : <leg Interm . Adv. Add ress: _ __ __ _ , -_ _ _ __ _ __ _ Ci ty _ _ __ ____ Stat e _ _ _ _ L, i-' - - Hom e rh o ne: Coac hes Na me _ _ __ Encl osed is a $50.UU No n-refund ab le deposit in the fo rm o f a check o r m oney ord er made paya b le to: Rockey Mountain Gym . Camp - Vicki Rugh or Jea nne Lo dwick. The balance w ill be pa id o n o r before th e first da y o f ca m p. Total fe e $100.00 . PARENT OR G UARD IA N W ILL BE CONTACTED IN CASE OF EMER GE NCY. I here by give my permi ssio n to the ph ysician se lected by th e Cam p Di recto r to sec ure pro per trea tment (includin g hos pit aliza ti o n and surgery) for mychild in th e eve nt o f i ll ness o r injury. I certif y th at m y chil d has no specia l health pro b lems o f w hi ch I am now aware. SIGNATURE OF PA RENT-G UARD IA N


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• 130 acres located in the pleasant heartland of Pennsylvania. • Finest indoor and outdoor workout facilities available workouts rain or shine. • Perfect balance of gymnastics and other activities . Photography instruction in fully equipped laboratory. • Olympic swimming pool instruction in swimming and diving . • Instruction in woodworking. First session begins June 24, 1973. Any girl or boy who is at least 8 years of age by registration is eligible to attend. Programs vary in length from one week to 10 weeks. Use application form below to enroll.

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FEES FOR 1973: 10 Weeks $800.00 5 Weeks $425.00 2, 3, or 4 Weeks $90 per Week 1 Wee~ $95.00 My 15% non-refundable deposit is enclosed in the amou nt of $ Make checks payable to Woodward Camp. full ten weeks 0 1st five week session 0 2nd five week session


Individual Weeks: One or Any Combination of August 12th to August 19th July 15th to July 22nd August 19th to August 26th July 22nd to July 29th August 26th to September 2nd July 29th to August 5th August 5th to August 12th Please send further information Enrollment in any si ngle sess ion will be limited. Please indicate below an alternate sessi on in the event your first choice session is filled at the time of receipt of your application . Balance due upon arrival (Non-refundable) NOTE: Any photos taken by or of campers may be used for publ icity purposes.

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June 24th to July 1st July 1st to July 8th July 8th to July 15th

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16mm Olympic Gymnastic Films Price list Film

1972 Olympics

Footage Length in Tim e**

Women's Highlights (c) Rental Po licy

Pri ce

Womens' s Compulsories 240 ft.

9.6 min. $ 39.50 (c) $ 24.50 (b&w) Women 's Highlights 525 ft. 21 min. $ 87.00 (c) $ 50.00 (b&w) Women 's Finals 1,1 00 ft. 44 min. $ 175.00 (c) $ 85.00 (b&w) Men 's Highlight s 555 ft. 22.2 min. $ 92.00 (c) $ 55.00 (b&w) Men 's Final s 955 ft. 38.2 min. $ 155.00 (c) $ 75. 00 (b&w ) Specia l pri ces are availab le if th ree o r more film s are purcha sed. Wr ite for quotation.

1. Price: $18.00 2. Duration: 5 days . Film is to be mai led fO I return on the fifth da y from the date it i' rece ived. 3. Pa ymen t: $80.00 Deposit. Refund (i.e. $62.00) wi ll be sent upon return of the film . 4. If yo u decide to purchase th e film , the renta, charge w ill be considered as part ial paymenl fo r the f ilm . 5. Postage: Fi lm will be sent FOB Dest in ation . You mu st pa y for return postage .

I ** Thi s is based on a project ion speed o f 16 frames per seco nd . Th e films we re taken at 24 frame s per second ; therefore, the .perfo rm ances can be viewed at sl ightly slower than norm al motion whe n projected at 16 frames per second.

ATTENTION : Gymnastic Coaches . We need your help, we are sea rching for high ca liber Gymnasts who are ready to hang up their amateur standings. We need full time profess ion al Gymnastics experts in variou s fields. Excellent pay, fanta stic fring e ben efits. Send resume and photo to: Gymnastics Fantastics Inc . 16000 Southeast Alder Suite - 44 Portland, Or. 97233 Attention: Albert B. Carter President Gymnastics Fanta stlc s

Write To : Donald Clegg 301 South Whea ton Road Champaign, Illinois 61820

WANTED: High School Results Please help us mak e our annual high school ed iti on better than last yea r's by se ndin g us meet re sult s, pictu res and arti cles on the hi gh school champion ships in yo ur state. A ll articles sho uld be typed and p rererabl y doub le spaced. It wo uld be m os t help fu l if we receive all information before the end of the sc hoo l yea r. A ll photos wi ll glad ly be returned if requested. Send resu lt s to: Gymnast Magazine " High School Edition" Box 110 Santa Monica, Ca. 90406


OF SPORTS TOUR July 22 - August 18, 1973 Visits to Lo ndo n, Copen hagen , Warsaw, including Drs. Zbigniew Drawczky and Andre Woh l, Ed itors of INTERNATIONAL REV IEW OF SPORT SOC IOLOGY, and the World Uni ve rsity Games in Moscow.


$1043 from New Yo rk City $1182 from Los Angeles Contact: Tour Director Dr. James E. Odenkirk, Chairman Men 's Physical Education Dept. Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona 85218

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SOKOL USA GYMNASTIC SCHOOL SOKOL WOODLANDS, Barryville, N.Y. STAFF The school, enjoying it's 11th successful season, is under the direction of Milan Trnka , Assistant Professor of Health and p'hysical Education at West Chester State College in Pennsylvania. The staff is comprised of college physical education graduates and majors selected because of their years of experience with an expertise in gymnastics. Limited enrollment, sufficient instructors and adequate apparatus insure that the teacher-pupil ration will be kept to about one teacher for every eight students. Gymnastic apparel and supplies sold.

ENROLLMENT $110.00/ week. Each additional week $100.00. $25.00 nonrefundable deposit required. Includes 21 meals, seven nights lodging, use of all SOKOL WOODLANDS facilities, and accident insurance coverage. For further information write to :

SOKOL WOODLANDS, 276 Prospect Street, P.O. Box 189, East Orange, N.J. 07019. Or phone (201) 676-0280.

The huge 140' x 110' will illuminated SOKOL WOODLANDS FIELD HOUSE is fully equipped with the most modern Olympic standard apparatus, including a top quality 40 x 40 floor exercise mat and safety "fluff" mats. Choose anyone or more of the following weeks that the SOKOL GYMNASTK SCHOOL wi" be in program :

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(please include 25 for postage & handling on all poster orders) Order from:



1970 Yugoslavia World Gymnastics Championships Super 8 - in color The world's most exciting combinations, twists and new techniques have been recently filmed. See the winning and top optional routines, for all OlympIc events, In semi-slow motion token from the best locations. In order to show more variety of routines, a second reel for men has been p'roduced showing top competitors throughout the world. Men's - # 14 - 400 ft ............$35.00 Ppd. Men's - # 15 - 300 ft .......... .. $25.00 Ppd. Weman's - # 16 - 400 ft. .. . ..S35.00 Pod.


Super 8 film - in color See the most spectacular Olympics ever held with many new moves and combinations. The Finals includes the top 4 - 6 competitors entire routines held in the new Olympic Sportshalle. Team optionals includes those who did not make it into the Finals. Men 's Finals #22 400 ft. $35.00 Ppd . Men's Camp. #22-A 200 ft. 15.00 Ppd. Women 's Compo #23 200 ft . 18.00 Ppd. Women 's Team Opt. #24 280 ft. 25.00 Ppd. Women's Finals #25 350 ft . 31.00 Ppd. Order from ,

FRANKENDO 12200 South Berendo Ave. LOl Angeles, Calif. 90044 We stock all items fdr immediate delivery postpaid. Write for FREE brochure.

SENIOR Ot YMPICS '73 GYMNASTICS Santa Monica College-Gym

June 2nd, 11 am - 3 pm

CAMP GYMNAST P.o. Box 110, Santa Monica California, 90406 (213) 451-4211


Shreveport Gymnastic Supply Company

A Distinctive Line of Men's and Women's Uniforms

P. O . Box 5374

Shreveport, La. 71105 Suppl iers of 0 1968 U. S. Worr. ~n ' s OlympiC Gymnastic Team 1968 World Trampol ine Team WHY WAIT FOR YOUR ORDER? Our stock items are shipped the day your order is received . We stock most gymnastic cloth ing items and accessories . Send for our catalog

Why Settle for less? FREE CATALOG

ZWICKEL Gymnastic Tailors

P.O. Box 309 Jenkintown,Pa. 19046

But not for sleeping , Jimmy! American mats are designed for activities ... such as tumbling , floor exercise, gymnastics and wrestling to name a few. American has a mat especially designed for nearly every use in physical education and competitive gymnastics. If you need quality and protection , American mats are for you . Write for our free catalog .

American Athletic Equipment P.o. Box 111 , Jefferson, Iowa 50129

Official equipment for the 1973 USSR Gymnastic tour. .





PHONE: 319 /365-7561

Profile for USA Gymnastics

Gymnast Magazine - February 1973  

Gymnast Magazine - February 1973