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There's quite a difference in gymnastic apparatus and you'll see this difference if you compare Nissen Medart's new nickel-chrome line with ordinary gymnastic apparatus. Gleaming, maintenance-free nickel-chrome finish, strong oval-shaped steel tubing construction (in place of cast iron), finger tip adjustment, easy portability, and traditional Nissen Medart performance make this new line your best buy. Nissen Medart gymnastic apparatus conforms to Olympic specifications, too. Can you afford less than the best when it costs no more than ordinary apparatus?

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" " , , ,• •§ I OCTOBER, 1963


Volu me V


CON TENTS Notes Fro m The Edito r ..... ___ .... __ _________ .. ___ _______ 5 A Letter Fro m T he Publi sher _______ . ______ __ _____ _______ 6 Chalk T a lk .. _____ __ __ ___ .. ___________________ .. ____ .. _________ _ 8 Gymna sti cs in Balti more __________ ...... 00 ____ 00 00 ______ 00 10 Noti onal Summer Gym Clinic ____ ...... _.. ___ .. _____ .... _11 Califo rnia Gym Camp ___ _____ _______ .. __.. __ __0000 __ 00 00 .. _12 YMCA Gym n .camp 00 ______ .. _________ 00 ____ _.... 00 ____ .. _.. _13 USGF Directo rs Re po rt __ 0000_ .. ___ 00 .... __ _00 __ 00 __.... ___14 Memor ies of Be lgrade _____ .. __.. ______ .. ___ __ .. _00 .... _____ 16 On Ba lance __ .. ____ .. ___ .... .. _.. __ .. __ __ .. __ .... _00 .. ____ .... .. _20 Ca rbo n Copy ___ ___ __.. .. ___ .. ___.. __ _______ .. .. __ _______ __.. .... 24 Gym Fitn ess _.. ___ .. _____ .. __ .. ________ .. ______ .. __ 00 .. __ .. _____ 26 He lpful Hints ______ _____ ___ .. .. _______ .. ___ ___ __.... _________ 29 Gymna st ics in Phys ica l Ed uca ti on __ _____ 00 __.... ___ .. 30 Questi ons and Answe rs ___ 00 __........ __ ______ ____ .. __.. ___ 32 Trampo linin g _____ _.. ______ .. ___ 00 __ __ _.. __ 00 __.. ___ .. ___ .. _.. _34 W hat's Th e Sco re ___ ___ ________ ____ .. __ __ ___ .... ____ ____ .... 36 Le tters 00 00 __ _.. ____________ 00 __ 00 __ 00 __ 00 __ ___ _.. __ .. _.. __ __ ___ .. _3 6

FLASH! Special News Report From The U.S.G.F. OfficI".

GOLD MEDAL WINNER THEY SA ID IT COULD I'T BE DONE . . . but some people have alwa ys been on the pessimistic side. DANNY MILLMAN . . . as defend ing U.S.G .F. NATIONAL TRAMPOLINE CHAMPIO N flew to Salzgitter, Germany and COMPETED in the 1963 version of the International Trampoline Championship. The Second Annual F AHRBACH-SCHUSTER CUP was awarded to DAN TY MILLMA T, Freshman at the University of California for winning first place in this the only internati onal trampoline competition being held. This is the first time the U.S.A. has won an international gymnastic event since . . . 1932 ! THE MEET WAS HELD OCTOBER 19th. Six nations were represented in th e competition and the results were as follows: (Com pulsori es were performed too. ) 1st Place __ oo .. .. __Danny Millman, SA. .......... _35.20 2nd Place .... _.. _oo_ .... .} oachim Scherz, Germanyoo0033 .45 3rd Place .. _.... _........ Klaus Foerster, GermanY .. 0031.70 4th Place .. ...... oo .. oo .. Manfred Hasse, Germany.... 31.60 5th Place.. oo .. ...... _.. _Horst Schlendwein, Germany 31.50 6th Placeoo .......... _.. Chris Netherton, England Athletes present were from England , Germany, Scotland, Belgium, Denmark and the UN ITED STATES. (Th e first time the U.S.A . has ever participated in this excellent meet). It was extremely well run , according to Dann y's report. The meet was conduc.ted well, judging was perfect and fair and the competitors all participated in a friendly manner. Performances were grea t and this annual event hosted by the outstanding GERMA N division of Trampolining headed by DR. F. ST EIN METZ is truly a leading event in the wor ld of gymnastics_

COV ER: A h ead o n v iew o f a " Planche" by M_G. editor , Glenn Sundby fo r the new "ON BALANCE " a rticl es sta rt ing w it h thi s ed iti o n _ At left- Oly mpi an Jackie ( Kline ) Uphues inst ructing a t th e Natio na l Summer Gymnastic Clinic a t Michigan State Un iv. At lower ri -Danny M illman represen ti ng the USGF rece iv ing th e Shuster Cup and Go ld Medal f o r winni ng th e In ternati onal Tram po li ne Championship in Sal t zgitter , Germa ny. FEATURE CONTRI BUTORS : A _ Sr.uce Fredericks, Fr ank Bare , H erb Vogel , N orman Ba rn es, Geo rge Szypu l a, Irv Far ia, Ji m Prestidge, Ar t Shurl oc k , Jerry L W ri gh t , and Ma rga ret Ko rondi.


_ .... __.Publlsher


GLENN SUNDBY __ .. __ ________ _______ __ __ _

00 ____ __

__ _ . . ____ __ __ ____ __ ___


THE MODERN GYMNAST is pub lished in the U _S.A . b y AM ERI CAN Ph ys ica l FITNESS Research INSTITUTE, Inc. , nine issues for $3 .00, SOc the si ngle copy . All pictures and manuscr ipts submitted become the pro pert y of THE MODERN GY MNAST unless a return , request and suffi c ient pos tage are included . Published material becomes th e property of THE MODERN GYMNAST. Copyright 1963 by AMERICAN Ph ysical FITNESS Research INSTI T UTE Inc ., 410 Broadway, Santa Monica , Caifornia .

* * * NEXT EDITIO N : We will make room for the articles promised for this edition which we were unable to include due to lack of space (Santa Mon ica Sport Festival In vitational, etc.), plus a Gym Quiz, A Pre-Season Training program and more and more instructi on.

NOTICE: The Modern Gymnast annual subscription rate will be increased to $4.50 Domestic and $5 . 00 Foreign as of January 1, 1964 . Current $3 . 00 subscription rate in effect for all renewals or new subscriptions POSTMARKED on or before December 3 1, . 1963.




P-59 GYMNASTIC PANTS. New imported lightweight knit fabric, made from . imported yarns with elasticized weav· ing. Half the price of other imported pants! Zipper on side, and elastic waist· band . Crease sewn in. Special formed ankle cuff with elastic strap in off· white only. State waist and inseam measurement when ordering. Available in waist sizes 24" 26" 28 " 30" 32",34" and 36".' , , , Price prepaid.. ,,,,,,,,$11.50


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LAMPWICK HANDGRIPS Soft·but·tough lampwick rna· terial provides protection and relief from sore, blistered and calloused hands . Com· plete with straps. LH HAND· GRIP, prepaid , per pair .. $1.50

ORDER NOW BY MAIL! LEATHER HANDGRIPS Heavy duty two· piece hand· grip with buckle and rivets. OB HANDGRIP, prepaid , per pair """"""""""""".".$1.50

ORDER NOW BY MAIL! IMPORTED CHALK Finest imported, soft and light type preferred by gym· nastists and athletes every· where . Eight 2·oz. bars to the lb . CM2 CHALK, per lb . plus postage. " .. ,,,$1.50

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Dear Readers : In past editions of The Modern Gymnast we ha ve enclosed or made reference to the " AMERICA N KEEP FIT D AILY DOZEN" charts for men and for women, published by Th e Am erican Ph ysica l Fitness Research Institute as a public service . Althou gh our basic e.mphasis is on " FITNESS THR U GYMNASTICS ", our over-all program concerns all degrees of fitness and health. Threfore, we would like to draw your attention to the recent news release from THE AMERI CAN MEDICAL ASS OCIATIO N we have reprinted on the opposite page. .::.

Smoking is also the subject of a new booklet "SMOKI NG AND CANCER PREVENTIO N" ';' published b y our insti tute. This booklet concerns a matter of life and death urgency for this nation 's chilcIt·en. The author presents available data which indicates that approximately 37 percent of the present ma le cancer rate can be prevented by one single measure alone - the elimination of cancer causing exposures associated with smokin g in genera I and cigarette smoking in particular. The massive reduction estimated is based on average data of three independent studies conducted under such unquestionable auspices as the American Can cer Society, the United States Public Health Service, and the famou s Sloan-Kettering In stitute. The validi ty of the results is greatly reinforced by the relatively small variation in cancer reduction potential indicated separately by each survey. Also important is the fa ct that two of these stu dies are based on exceptionall y massive samples of the general population . Based on present trends, more than 1,000 ,00 of the 4,200 ,000 chi ld ren being born in the United States annua ll y could become victims of this dread di sea se which now strikes in appro ximately two ou t of every three families. U nless all three studies can be proved to be incorrect beyond a shadow of a doubt, ever y year of inaction adds up to condemning some 300,000 children to the curse of future cancer illness. We must also face up to the fa ct that the futur e cancer fate of as man y as one and one-half million children may have been involved in the past five years of national inaction. It would be inexcusable negligence to all ow this fi gure to be doubled by another five years of inaction in view of the fact that prompt and effective acti on is within the scope of present governmental powers and requires no enabling legislation. Sincerely yours, AMERICA N PHYSICAL FITNESS RESEARCH INSTITUTE , I NC.

~Wl~ President * S ing"le c o pi e s ava il a bl e f r ee of c h a r g e fr o n1 t h e A m e ri ca n P h y s ic a l Resea r c h In st it u t e, 410 Bl'Oa d way , S an ta :Mo ni c a, Ca lifo r n ia 90406 .

F i t n es~

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.. .....


(smoking and sports)

THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Anyone who ever "went out" for football or some other team sport in school remembers that the coach told him to cut out smoking. "It cuts the wind," the coach said. Usually we believed him and avoided smoking.

Now science can prove that smoking really doe$ "cut the wind" - - that is, cause a marked decrease in breathing capacity. The Committee on Medical Aspects of Sports of the American Medical Association- and the National Federation of State High School Athletic Associations in a recent joint comment on smoking and sports point out that the ability to produce maximum effort and to build endurance for sports is related to the capacity of the athlete to take in and utilize oxygen. After reviewing reports On scientific studies of breathing capacity, the AMA Committee recommends that athletes should be strongly advised against smoking. In fact, ten inhalations of cigarette smoke have been shown to materially reduce airway conductance to the lungs. 'l'he decrease is as much as 50 per cent and lasts for as long as an hour. One effect of smoking on breathing is to slow down the rate at which stale air can be expelled from the lungs. The heavy smoker has trouble in breathing quickly and easily under heavy exertion. There comes a time in most team and individual sport-s when an absolutely maximum effort is required for a brief moment. It may be a hard sprint in football, a leap for a rebound in basketball, a fast run to try to beat a throw to first base in baseball, a quick jump to reach for a high tennis ball, a hard finish sprint in swimming. The smoker, even though he may be a fine natural athlete, highly trained and skilled, may find that his capacity for that all- important finish sprint or leap is slightly less than it might have been if he laid off tobacco. In a close finish between well matched athletes, the non- smoker has the edge. There is no longer any room for doubt that athletes should not smoke. 7

ilK ART " ART and GYMNASTICS". is th e titl e of an article in the latest edition of AC ROBATICS magazin e published by Ralph Sam uels. It is a comparison of Soviet and Japan ese trend s by V. Sechin , U.S.s.R. In stitute of Hi story and of Art. Th e author compares the Japan ese style with th e Russian and suggests that the U.s.S.R. gy mnasts should aim for more artistic elements and less of th e brute stren gth approach. It is a very int erestin g art icle and we suggest you sen d 25 eent s to "ACROBATICS" editor Ralph Samuels, 27 Bridge Way , Whitton , Middlesex, England and ask for a co py of Aug. - Se pt. ACROBATICS, Vol. 9, No.3. ";:



GYM SPLINT Durin g the final day of the Northern California Gymnasti c camp, Brigitta Gull berg hit her ankl e whil e practicing on th e uneven s. As a result she had to have her foo t in a cast for a wee k, this was bad becau se it prevented her from taking part in the Santa Mo nita Beach Gymnastic exhibition . However she was on hand to g i v~ moral support to the other girls. Also received "get well quick" enco urage ment from . TV personality Herb Shriner who was on hand with his family to watch th e !rirls exhibition. l:'


Herb Sh riner autog raphing Birgitta 's cast ,



Phot o of the Japanese Uni ve rsit y student s t eam token durinq a short stopo ve r ot th e Los Angeles International Airp ort on thei r return from South America e!1 route t ~ Japan: left to right- Takuji Ha y ata , Masatake Matsu m ot o, Katsutoshl Konzakl , Yoshiro Ai ba, Ishiza Fukai (manager ) and Tak esh i Kato.


Optional Routin es Onl y Team Scores, Men: JAPAN, 175.35 ; RUSSIA , 173.05. Team Scores, Women, H UN GARY , 116.40; RUSSIA, 116.25; CUBA, 106.15. Individual Winn ers : ALL-AROUND : 1. Matsumoto (Japan ), 58_62; 2_ Kato (Japan) , 58.25 ; 3. Hayata (Japan ), 58.20 ; 4. Titov ( Russia ) . Japan won 6 gold medals and .4 silver medals. Womens ALL-AROUND was a ti e for first place between Katalin MaKcray of Hungary and Va ssil a Latinina of Russ ia with 39.20 each_ The followin g are the routin es of Matsumoto wh o won All-Around , 1st Free Cal. H . Bar, L. Horse and tie for 1st P. Ban in Brazil: MATSUMOTO FREE CALISTHENICS From stand in corner facin g corner, Flip 路 fl op, back dive ( jacknifed) to hand stand , fall to front leanin g support, come to fee t, one step turn comin g to pose position in corner ; Run , roundoff , 2 flip-fl ops, lay out full twist, flip-fl op, lea p, one leg flip-flop to splits. Stiff arm and leg press to handstand w/straddle, co me to feet and run. side flip , one leg flip-fl op, to sin gle leg circle, imm ediately to scale_ Run , front somi, front hand spring, dive to hand stand , legs down to front leanin g support, flank cut , half turn to front support. Come to stand , run _ roundoff, flip-fl op, layout. HORIZONTAL BAR From mixed grip, rise, double rea r, one German giant, disengage fee t, kip chan gin g to reverse grip, one forw ard giant, stoop 2 giants, change to reverse grip, one giant legs between hands, seat circle, di slocate, chan ge grip of .left hand to dislocate grip, one giant, full spin around left hand , to rear vault (sa me sequence as done by On o), kip hop to reverse grip, one giant , turn , two giants, double fl yaway di smount. LONG HORSE Giant H echt.

PARALLEL BARS From stand between bars, cast to suppori, swin gin g to immediat e shoulder roll forward , backrise straddle cut, dip swin g to hand stand , 2 ba ck somis (each to handstand) ), stutz, drop peach basket to " L", stiff arm and legs to handstand , stut z lay路 away, front rise hop pirouette laya way front rise, front som i with half twist dis路 mount. RINGS Pull to inverted hang, back kip to hand stand , giant swing, lower to front lever, inlo cate to in verted han g, kip to " L"_ straight body bent arm press to hand stand , lower to cross, pull to back lever, di slocat e doubl e fl yaway dismount. SIDE HORSE Standin g at croup left hand on pummel, ri ght hand on horse, Moore 1 double, loop, back steckli , moore to Ru ssian moore. break to 2 front scissors, reverse doubl es, 1 back scissor, back to regular doubl es, trave l to end of horse, loo p and Ru ssian moo re di smount. NAKAMURA 1st. RINGS Dislocate, high di sloca te, Giant to handstand, gian t (forward) to handstand , lower to "L" cross, "L" cross to back level, pull out to inverted position, kip to " L", hollow back to hand stand , low er to back level, release, dislocate, full twistin g dismount. 1st. (Tie) PARALLELS Under bar to handstand , Stutz to handstand , to underbar, forward arm position to stutz, cast to, straddle to "L" position, straddle press to hand stand , stutz, cast, back stutz, sw in gin g forward pirouette, front up-ri se, front '.vith half-twist dismount.

JAPANESE OLYMPIC QUALIFIERS The follo'~ i n g are the .15 qualifiers for the Japan ese Olympic team as of Jun e, 1963: 1. Endo, 2. Yamashita, 3. On o, 4. Hayad a, 4. Nagasawa. 6. Aihara, 7. Nakayama, 8_ Aiba, 9. Tsurumi (missed on P Bars), 10. Kato, 11. Watanabe, 12. Takada, 13. Matsum oto ('63 Coll egiate Champ and winner in Brazil. Missed on side horse in tryou ts) , 14. K enmoto, 15. Takizawa. Mitsikuri who is in Germany has also been qualifi ed.

160 VIRGINIA ATHLETIC INSTRUCTORS ATTEND GYMNASTIC WORKSHOP Gvmn asti cs will b e given a feature r ole in' the ath leti c program s of ele mentary and hi gh sc hool s throughout the Fairfax Co un ty, Va. , area this fall as th e r esult of a unique educa tional works hop h eld in Aug· us t at the Fairfax County Hi gh School. More than 160 elementary and hi gh sch ool a thl etics ins tructors attend ed the one-day gymnastics workshop condu cted by T om Malon ey, gy mn astics coach of U. S. Military Academy , in cooperati on with the Fairfax School Di stri ct. Assistin g Maloney a s demons trators were Jay Werner. a ssistant gymnastics coa ch at W es t P oint, and Mrs. Muriel Gross fe ld . The workshop began a t 9 :00 a. m . on Au gust 29 with a gen eral briefin g session at which J ohn Grinn ell , physical edu ca tion supe rvisor for Fairfax County, welcomed the asse mbl ed teacher s and introdu ced Coach Malon ey and his assis tants. Malon ev explain ed th e program for the day and th e bri e fin g session conclud ed with th e showin g of a color movie, " Gymnasti cs at W est Point," whi ch illu s trated bas ic skill s on the sid ehorse and parall el bars and th e techniqu es used to teach these skill s to stud ents. The film is one of a series of educational film s on gymna sti cs be in g prod uced as a public service by the Port er A thl et ic Equipment Divi s ion of th e Wa co- P orter Corporation , spon sor of th e gymnasti cs worksh ops. The work shops are entirely educa tiona l in nature and are bein g sponsored by P orter Dis tributors in coo perati on with school authoriti es throu ghout the co untry . Th e gy mnasium work s hop program has fo ur m aj or object ives : 2. T o in crease interest in gy mn ast ics as an interscholastic s port. 3. To provid e " in se rvi c~ " gy mn as ti c, trainin g to school coach es. 4. Ultimately to train enough U.s. gymnasts so that we equal or s urpass th e number of gy mna sts in fore ign co untri es whi ch now outnumber U.S. participant s by nearly 50 to 1. The film was follow ed by comb ined in structi on in tumbling and free e x~ r c i se in th e hi gh school gymnasium , after which th e group split into men and women's groups. T he men's g r~up , numberin g a bout half those attending, received ins tru cti ons and demonstration s in tumhlin g skills, fl oo r exercise and sideho r se fr Olll Ma lo ney and W erner. Ieanwh il e, Mrs. Grossfeld taught bas ic tumblin g skill s, floor exercise and va ultin g to tl~e women's gro ups. Th e in· structors were assisted in th e ir d ~ mon s tr a­ tions hy tea ms "f fi ve boy and g irl gym · na sti cs stud .. nt s fr o'm the local co mmunit v. After lun ch, the men rece ived in structi, ;n in parall el bars, lon g h orse, g,>ne ral gy mnastic skills, horizontal bars and c limbin g rope. Th e afternoon course fo r til e wo men in clud ed un even bars, balan ce Iwam and !-Oy nchronized ~ro up a c ti v iti e~ . In additiun tu demon stra tin g th ese variou s skill s, the workshop in stru ctors illu <· trat ed techniqu es used for teachin g th e m to student s. Th e Fairfa x ,Count y teache rs were supplied with chart s and o th ~ r train · in g aid s to assist them in t('achin g their own stud ent s in the co min g yea r. C lim ax in ~ the days program was a tWllhour show whi ch fea tu r ed delllon ,; tra ti on ' of a d va nced gy mnasti c routines by W et': ner and Mrs. Grossfeld , who wpre j oined by local gymnasttic groups.

Th e Fairfax Co unty gy mnasti c workshop is one of nin e s pon sor ed by W aco-P orter durin g 1963, the first yea r th e co mpan y has condu cted this public-se rvice pro gram. S imilar one· day worksho ps ha ve been condn cted at Cleveland and New Orleans, La . Oth ers are scheduled this year for Hick svi ll e, N. Y. , Min ot, N. Oak., Ru ston, La ., Wilmington, Del. , Seattl e. Wash ., and Anchorage, Alaska. Leunard N aab, ma rketin g manager of th e Porter division of the compa ny , said the program was con ceived as a n educational se rvice for th e school a thl eti c in stru ctors of th e nati on. " Although , gy mn asti cs has been an im ' p ortant s port in Europe for m ore than a ce ntury, it is a relative ly littl e-k nown sport in thi s co untry," he , ai d . " F ew phys ica l educati on in struetors have had the o pphrlunit y


tak e co urses


gy mna ~ ti cs

be cause man y in s tituti ons lac k co urse" in the subj ec t. Th ere i" a lso a laCK of ex)l e rie n c~d gymna s tics in stru ctors and th o,e whu are familiar wi th a ppar atu s work. "W~ helieve th a t gymnasti cs off ers more to th e averag:~ elementary and high sc hool s tudent than oth er sports," _laab continu ed. " Unlike team s port s which off er full tim e participation for th e rela ti ve few wi th th e n ecessary skill s, gymn as ti cs ca n be participated in by a ll stud en ts in a gy m class." H e pointed out that gy mnastics is a sport that offers parti cipation by girl s as well as boys. " Gymnasti cs develops physical fitne ss in beys, but is a particularly fin e sport for girl stud ent s," he said. " It helps them develop coord inati on and feminin e grace . It';. one of a few s ports that produ ces manly boys and feminine g irls. Our worksho p pro· gram is design e dto help m ore school athle tic instru ctor s make gy mnasti cs a regular part of the ir gy m schedule. :~


Jay We;ne r

Muriet Gross fi, td


E. F. "Bu d Bey er ru ns a dem onst ration t eam through a short limber ing up session during one of his tea ch er cli n ics f or well over 7,000 teach ers du r ing the pas t yea r .

GYMNASTICS CATCHING ON IN BALTIMOR E B y No rman Barnes Proo f of th e gr owin g popularity of gy m· na "tics for both boys and girls can be found in Baltim ore, Maryla nd where one co unt y school system r ecentl y purchased $50,000 worth of gy mn asti c e qui p ment from the Nissen Co mpan y of Cedar Ra pid s, Iow a. The equipment in cluded 66 P hys· Ed uca tor s, 78 srpin g board s, 34 olympi c style girl s balan ce be am s, 15 un even . par· allel bars for g irls, 6s id e horses, 6 r eg ul a· ti on size Trampolin es, 6 Mini·Tra mps, and hundreds of lighwe ight, Ex pand able tumb· lin g mats. Baltim ore co unt y school youn gsters w ill now have an op portu n ity to practi ce a nd perfect the ir gy mnastic skill s on the fin est equipm ent ava il a bl e. It's signi fica nt th a t Baltimore specifi ed th e pe rman ent ni ckel chrome a ppar atus th a t conform s to F .LG. int ern a ti ona l s pec ifi ca ti ons [or co m petition. The in creas in g int erest in gy mn asti cs in th e Baltimore area ca n be a ttri b uted to ma ny [actors. P erhaps th e ma in one ha, bee n the dedi ca ted gymn as ts and coacheo who ha ve condu cted many cl inics a nd demonstrations durin g th e past few yea rs. Thro ugh their effort s many athl e tes and co aches with no previous inter est in gy m· nasti cs have beco me more awa re of thi! gracef ul s port. E. F . " Bud" Beye r, forme r


coa ch a t the Uni versity· "of Chi cago; and a reg ul a r contributor to The Modern Gym · nas t magazin e, has probabl y been th e most ac ti ve indi vidu a l. Bud has personall y co n· du cted [our teacher cl inics in the Balti · mure a rea this last yea r alone. These cl inics have pr oved to be t he most eff ecti ve meth od to aro use interes t and help pro· vid e ph ys ica l ed uca ti on teachers with the necessa ry kn ow·how to teach gy mn ast ics. These cl ini cs we re spo nsore d by th e Nissen Company whi ch provided the clinic di rec· tor as well as th e gy mn asti c eq ui pment. A nother fa ctor in the gr owth of gy mnas ti cs has been the continuin g e ff ort s o[ coachi ng organiza ti ons and such publi cati ons as the Modern Gy mnast magazin e. By th eir en· thu siasm [or the sport, they have created a new publi c aw areness o[ gy mn as ti cs' fi ne contributi on to ph ys ica l fitn ess and we ll bein g. All th ese factors co mbin ed have bro ugh t a bou t a wholesome a tm osphere [or gy m· nasti cs a nd have led to decisions, as in th e case of Ba ltim ore, to p urchas more and bett er equi p me nt. Undo ubtedly the trend has been se t an d we can loo k forward to more an d more schoo l syste ms adop ting gy mn astic progra ms.

Nissen Sales Manager, Ch a r les Klinge, watches as Geo rge Nissen g ives the paralle l bars a fina l wo rkout before sh ipm ent to Baltimore.


Marshal l






(Phot os

Jo n Culbertson instructing


Dahlgren )

REPORT O'F THE NATIONAL SUMMER GYMNASTICS CLINIC 1963 The S ixth Ann ual Nationa l S umm e r Cymnasts C lini c ope ned to a record turnout of reg is tran ts from 78 states, Canada a nd Belg ium at lVli chi gan S tate Un ive rs it y on A ug us t 18th. Th e Board of Directors Bob Bo h l, Program Director, J ack Ca rr, M ee ts Diret: tor , 1'aul Fina Jud gin g, Bill Mead e, Sec reta ry路 treas ure r, Jo e Sc haba cker, Op era ti ons Direc la r and Geo rge Szypu la, Cl inic Direc tor were joined by a teachin g staff of fift een most co mpeten t individual s. Th ese in clud ed J OIl and Boots Cu lbertson, Jim and lldi e Farkas, J ack ie (K lein) Uphu es, Betty :I'leyer, Ed Halik, Di ck Ri chter, Ed Ben gtson, Ruth Ann ln skip, Don Ch estnut , Jim R oza nas, Fred Sand ers, and June Szyp ul a and Sue Ada ms, both of wh om conducted al [ th e ball et cla sses. Th e deve lop ment mee ts had reco rd entri es

fea turin g

so me

out s tandin g

yo un g:

pf' rfonn e rs. In th e se ni ors Jim Arnold of 5 1. Clai r , Michigan, won fir sts in A II A rou nd. Hi gh Bar, a nd Rings; R on A ure a l"o of S I. C la ir wo n Tumbling and Floor Ex.; John Ma son of Toronto won tlw

James Rozanno s teaching a

By George SZYPllla

parallel s a nd ' T om Sawhoo k and Da ve Sh id eman t[ e . both o f Butl er. P enn sylva nia wo n Horse and Vaulting. res pectively. Barb Du e rk op of Winn etk a, I [Iin ois in se ni ors won the All Arou nd a nd Unevens; Sue Co nrad (San Carlos. Ca l.) won Tumblin g and F[ oo r Ex . ; J an ice Richter (C hi cagol won th e Vaulting; Na ncy S mith (Sycamore, Illin ois I the tram po lin e and Sa ll y No h[p . East Lan sing. Mi ch. the Balanc~ Beam. In juniors Eva Fa rkas. frolll lvIil路 waukee won All A round. Balance Beam and U:,~ven s; Barb Ba u e ~, P a los He ight s. [I!. won tumblin g and tramp.; Barb McKenzi e, Alm ont . Michi ga n the floor exe rcise and Vicky 5w iftn e w, G rand Ha ven. _\[i chi gan th e Vaulting. For boys Bah Ca rroll. Chi cago was the b ig winn er with fir sts in All Around, Rings, Hi gh Bar and Tra mpolin e ; Bob J ohn路son. S I. Clair wo n firs ts on H orse. Vaulting and Para llels; Jim Beck. Ottawa, 1[ linoi s won th e Ooor exerc ise; and A lex Borges. Modesto. Ca lifornia th e Tumb lin g. Th e judge train ees organized , judged a nd condu cted th e junior mee ts after thre ~

tum ~) iing


days of training und er Paul Fina. John Goedek e o f SI. Paul , Minnesota whose hi gh schoo l team won th e S tat e titl e, se n 'ed as meet director. Certificat es were award ed to all who participated. The hi gh point of thi s clinic aga in was the " Night of Stars" witn essed by a fin e crow d at the Intramural Buildin g . Many fin e va r iety acts were featured . Th e show wa s directed by Paul Fina . The youn gste rs chosen a s o utstanding r~ gls trant s were Ann e Cermak, Berwyn , 1I1in ois a nd J illl Arnold for the seniors, and ancy Kostke and Gorge Carl son, both o f Chi cago for th e juniors. Rec reational highli ghts were sw immin g, ~ "uar e dancing, film s and a chi cken fr y. Nex t yea r the seventh clini c w ill be held e ith er a t Michigan State or at So uthe rn Illin ois. Th e boa rd is at work asse mbl in g a most noteworthy stRff for next year. A ugust 16th throu gh th e 23rd , 1964. Dir ec t inquiri es to George Szyp ula , Chairman of th e Board, Gymnasti cs Coach, Michigan S tate Uni ve rsit y. East Lan si ng. Mi chi ga n.

Jim Farkas with gi rl s class


Campers and 51 off· at the Central A tlant ic YMCA Gym Camp Ann





rn e n ,

Hutchi nson


Yor kt own H igh Schoo l , Arlington , Helen 5jursen (p os t O lym pian ' 48)


be ing

instru ct ed


WOlne n ,

b oys and gi rls fr o m e ight sta tes atte nd e d th e 1963 Centra l A tl a nti c A r e a Y.M. C. A .·s Gym n ast ic Cnm p . It was held at the \Yas hingto n , D. C . Y . M.C. A. C am p loc ated nt Edge wnter, Mary la nd. T h e Ca mp h ad thr ee se ts of in t el' na-

tion a ll y

s pec ifi e d

a p parat u s


additi o n

to th r ee t ra n1po lin e~ for both 111 ell ':-; :1 11<1 ,vo lll e n 's wo rk. Both in door a n d o utd oo l' fa c i1i t i e~ w e r e nva il a bl e. l\'I o rni ng',

a ft e rnoo n


eve nin g'

w o rkout s

"'e r e

cond u cted. Be tw ee n wo rk o ut p e I"i o cl~ e l asses w er e c ondu cte d in th e [ o.l' m of lee tures a nd d e ll1on s tI'ati o n s. IHoyi es WE' r e us ed to s uppl e m e n t th e t eachi n g. Judg· ing, spottin g", t e nnin o iogy . t'O lllpos iti on o f l'o utin es, a n d ot h e r e le m e n ts o f gvmIla s tic s w er e taugh t . '

M e mb e r s ,"f t h e t e a c hin g' st aff \H're: H e le n Sj l1rse n , 1~4 2 \ '{o m e n 's A ll- A r o un ll C hampi on. In4 R O lym pi c T ea m Memb e r ; l\·! al' v in

S p eid el ,

In s tructor ,

E li zab e th ,

:-\ e ,,, Je r ~ey T urn er s; GeOl'g'e Puglia , Patt e r so n , :'\ ew J e r sey Y . M.C. A.; Pa ul Bohr e I' . P:l t e r ~()n, I\'e 'v J e r sey Y.fiLC.A.: G eo r ge Port er, :{ l'd N :lti o n n l Tranlpo lill t' C h a mpi o n ; Pat K e ll y. C h air m a n . Ce ntl'al Atl a.ntic AI'.e a Y.IVL.C.A. Gy mna stic Co III 111. : J e tTY Knnvitz, Th e GYlllnaRt C lu b, Pa t e r son, New J e rs ey; C liff S jursen, Fanwood - Scotch P l a in ~, -.:\fe,,, J e r sey Y.M.C'.A.; Ver n Eld e r . Ca mp Direct o r , r.oTntni ~R io n e l ' fo1' Ar pa r:Ylll n :1Rties.



DEC. 26 - 30, 1963

WE~TERN GYMNASTICS CLINIC Uni ver sit y o f A r izona , Tucson , Arizona

DECEMBER 26 - 30, 1963 CL INI C


I ndi v idual 7.00 Fami ly 1.00 Group (10 o r more).. 5.00 (Groups must be paid 'i;;g~'ih~; ) Th o se paid pr io r t o December 20 will rece ive the f ollowing rate s: 6.00 Ind i vid ua l 0.00 Famil y 4.00 Group Send yo u r Reg istr a ti o n t o :

SAM BAILIE 2145 Colle Polar, Tu cso n, Arizona

CLINIC HEADQU ART ERS Flam ingo Motor Hotel , Tucson , Arizona Address an y m oil ing t o Manager when ~e· q u esting r at e o r in f o rmation. For spe~lol r ates make menti on that you ore attendtng Gymnastics Clinic.


1963 NORTHERN CALIF. GYMNASTIC CAMP Report br Irvin E. Faria Camp Director Fl avured by th e int ernati onal e xp e ripnces o f Birgilta Gu ll berg fro m Swede n, a nd N il s Beng tsson frol11 Df' nm a rk ( now gy mnas ti cs coac h a t C hi co S ta te I w ho r ece ntl y compl e ted a trip aro un d th e wo rld . incl udin g the W o rld Games. th e 1963 camp was a hu ge success. Th ere were tw o hundred enthu s ia sti c gy mna sts, in cludin g s taff. at te ndin g the camp. On e of the hi g hli g ht s o f the camp was th e tumblin g workout s. Paul l\l ayer, J oan A llin, Roy Da vis, D enni s Roby, and Hal Frey I yes, coa ch at th e U ni ve rsity of Ca lifo rnia) exec ut ed doubl e路 back so mersa ult s. Hal 's double was unfortunat ely in " layo ut " pos ition thu s he didn't quit t! co mpl ete it to hi s fee l.

Incl ud ed in th e ca mp 's acti viti es we re seve ral techni q ue sess ions whi ch proved tl) be uf e nor mo us va lu e tll a ll and one uf th e most infurmati ve pha ses o f th e ca mp. Fra nk Hail and prese nt ed hi s theo ry uf the executi on a nd learnin g uf th e back ha n ds prin g : Roy Da vis did hi s us ua l ex 路 ce ll ent job on parall el bar nlOve ment , t pea ch to a hand stand and fl yin g ca st I ; C la ir J enn ett prese nt ed me thods of proper tel"hnique of the g iant s win gs; and Inez Cao n ve ry aptl y cond ucted th e sess ions on hii!h-Iuw bars a nd balan ce beam techniqu e. The wo men's and g irl 's program lhi s Yf'a r prese nt ed more exce ll ence than eve r. No t onl y we re th ere fin e pe rfonnrs. like Birgill a Gullberg, Jan e Spea ks, Paul a C ri st, _Vl a ril yn .M ill e r, etc., but al so an exce ll ent in stru ction a l sta ff. E ig ht ho urs of gy mn a sti cs each day for seven day s: plu s eve nin g program s brou g ht one to days end fee lin g fatigu ed but al so kn owi ng he had gaiued a va lua ble experi ence, whi ch he co uld take hom e and Ca pitalize upon durin g th e co min g gymna , t ic season. Th e ca mp had a most cordial and fri end 路 Iy atmos phere and 1 fe lt a g read dea l of prid e in hav in g the ty pe of profess ional in stru cti onal staff 1 was fortunat e to have and it wa s a pleas ure a nd hon or to wo rk with th e ll\. Joa nne Hash imoto on the ba lance beam. Joh n Allin perf orm ing a oouL.le bac k. Spott ;ng is Hay Frey, Gordie MaddlJR , Jerr\' Per so nius an d Ir v F or ~ o.

Camp Stoff - fr om left to ri ght: 1st rowIrv Fa ria , Gordie M addu x, Fra nk Hoiland. Steve Southwell , Don Nel son , Bob Dunning , Virginia Brun k. 2nd row - H a l Frey , Bi r gitta Gullberg , Ma r il y n Miller , Inez Coon , Mart y T ushiy a , Va do Crabb, Car o ly n Hoiland, Nils Bengt sson , Ro y Goldb ar , Er n ie MarlnOl:lI , Scot t Net tles , Jean Ta kamo t o, All ie Ab ot t , Doro t hy Mar shal l. . . 3rd row-Lou Perschke , Ted Bog ios, Bob Cri st , B ill McAllister , Je rr y Per son lu s, Dick Wolfe , Ba r bar o Rand ol , Crod Chi n , Ro y Davis, Bob Vlach, Bi ll W il ber, Clair Jen nett .


schedul ed for November- 29, .30, and December 1, 1963 .. . at th e Boyden Physica l Ed uca ti on Building at the Cni ve rsity of Massachusetts in Amherst, Mass." The information sent this office by Bob Hanscom of the Salem (Mass.) Y.M .C.A. is ver y complete and it looks like it will be a grea t clinic in its fir st yea r. Lets hope it becomes an annual event.

USG F Director - Fron k



T H E WESTERN GYMNASTI CS CLINIC is shaping up beautifull y, reports Sam Bailie and Glenn Wilson . . . Clin ic Directors. It sh ould be brought to everyo nes atten路 tion that this yea r's East vs. West All-Star Championship competition wi ll be the second night of the clinic. Rather th an condu ct a prelimin ary meet this yea r the two all-star squad s will be se lected before the clinic begins. Coaches or gymnasts wishing to take part in thi s competiti on shou ld submit their names. reco rds and events desired to Mr. Glenn Wi lso n, Gym~astics Coach , Univ. of Co loraclo at Bo ulder, Colo. It should be a great clinic . .. pla n now on attending. Dec. 26 - 30, 1963, in Tucson, Arizona. I See article this issue by Clinic Director Sam . Ha ilie.) DATES EVE RYO NE SHO ULD BE A WAHE OF FfLL IN YOlTH CA LEN DAH NOW! 17 0 Ii 19(jL\-: T he 1964 N.C.A.A. Championship, Ma rch 27 - 28, 1964 at Los Angeles State College. The 1964 EAST EHi\ INTEH COLL EG I ATE .. . March 27, 1964 a t Penn State. The WESTEBN INTEH COLLEGTATE . .. March 20 - 2 ] , 1964 at l iniversity of Arizona. The ea rl v seaso n meet for this Fall wi ll be the Midwest Open .. '. the week-end of December 6 - 7, 1963 .. . in Chicago. Yo u Mid-Westerners attend this one. Don 't forget . . . th ose of yo u out West . . . the First USGF Clinic to be held at th e Uni versity of Neva da . . . Reno , Nevada . Fo r information contact Dr. Broten, Gymnastics Coach ... Pniv. of Nevada at Reno , Nev . November 15 16, 196:-\. The U.S.G.F. Committees are h ard at work on vario us assignmen ts .. . including th e 1964 Rule Book . . . we are currentl y collectin g all available bibliographies .. . so if yo u or someone in yo ur area has a gymnastics bibliograph y send us a copy so that we might compile a very complete one . . . lTSG F , P.O. Box 4699. Tucson, A ri zona. T he Ne w England Gymn asti cs Federation . .. is pacing the kind of activit y that the U.S .G.F. advocates 100 per cent. The First New Engla nd Gym nastics Clinic . . . is 14

The National Association of Hi gh School Gymnastics Coaches ... continues to grow in numbers and in or ganization. Did you ever stop to wo nder how many high schoo ls ac tually field va rsity gymnastics teams? Acco rdin g to the National H .S. Federation Handb ook for 196364, without all th e States being accounted for they list 541 High Schoo ls Fielding Teams and 8,746 gymnasts competing. I rea lize this is not all of the gymnasts we ha ve participating at that level ... but it's a good indica tioll . . . and we co ntinue to grow and improve. For information on the N.H.S.G.C.A. . . write Mr. Andy Kostick ... Barrin gton High School .. 616 West Main Street, Barrin gton, Illin ois. New Orga nizati ons at Sta te Level are beginning to develop and . . . organizations that ha ve been around for some time are beginnin g to adop t changes designed to affiliate directly wi th the U.S.G.F. a nd help promote the sport. Th e Michi gan Associati on of Gymnastics ... has adopted a p lan whereby Ath letes desirin g to enter Open Gymnastics Meets can sh ow their USGF Registration Card . .. which also shows their club or organization and be admitted to competition in that meet. Over 40 young gymnasts have regis tered with this office in one week from Michiga n. Speaking of State Organizations . . . we will soon have the Regional Breakdown of the U .S.A . in prin ted form , compl ete with colors for each area. Ima gi ne . . . a t our USGr Na tiona ls each area of the countr y immedi ately identified by the color of their warm up jackets or swea t shirts as they line up for the com petitions .. . it should add rea l color to gymnastics meets. In November we wi ll report on ollr va ri ous USGr Committees .. . their respective membershi p to date and some of the tasks that face these committees a t their birth. Each one has a multitude of assignments . . . all designed to promote and improve the sport of gymn astics. Man y of these projects will have a direct bearin g on all of yo u so we'll let you in on a few such projects during the next few weeks.

SCHEDULED EVENTS Coach James Sweeney, of Washington State University a t Pullman writes that the Inland Empire Gymnastics Championship . . . will be held December 7, 1963 at 'johler Gymna sium on the W.S.U. Campus. Should be a great meet and those of yo u within travelling distance should contact Coach Sweeney for more information. Coach Joseph Wenz ler . . . of Wa lker High School in Milwaukee, W isconsin writes that the An nual Wisconsin Open Gymnastics Championship will be held on February 22, 1964. The USGF Newsletter and the M.G. will report more detailed information on this great event before February. The Wisco nsin Open is ; grea t meet . featurin g seven (7) di"isions .. . 4 for men and .3 for



I, I,



women . . . all of 'yo u in the Mid-West who can make it to Milwaukee for this great event should contact Coach Joe Wenzler, Walker High School . .. Milwaukee Wisconsin. The United States Is A Big Country and every da y we receive new letters from interested and enthusiastic gymnasts and coaches. Many ask for informa'tion and man y others ask how they can help. One thing in common . . . the y all love this great sport of gymnastics . .. and want above all else to see it grow: and improve in quality and quantity. May I take a few inches of space here to quote some of them .. . ?'

"Yo ur newsletter is amazing; it stimulates me and my team toward a more professional feeling in gymnastics each time We read it. Keep up the outstanding work. Thank you for your assistance." Bob Peavy, Palo Alto, California

" Recently in the state of Oregon we organized and develo ped the Oregon High School Gymnastics Coaches Association. We would like you to know that we whole· heartedly support without any reservations the movement 6f tbe United States Gymnastic Federation." Charles R. Johnson , Secretary Treasurer, 0 .H.S.G.C.A.

Let's look now at the U.S .A .. . . and a proposed system for brea king it into U.S.G.F. districts and assigning each di strict a color. In this way the various gymnasts, from schools, clubs, Turners, Sokols, dance studios or YMCA's can wear ,a warm-up jacket or sweat shirt of their region's color and be immediately identified on the floor. The U.S .G.F. program will carry a description of the color assignments . . . and at the opening ceremonies we can ha ve a colorfu l event that rivals the European gym· nastics events for beauty. This is not final . .. but will be set-up before the year is out, and used in our 1964 U.S.G.F. Championship Find yo ur area in the U.S.A.

"J'll anxi~usly await any and all information La come from the Federation. I think it is a great thing for gymnastics." Rex Davis, Richland, Washington PROPOSED U.S.G. F. DISTRICTS AND COLORS 1 . Western-RED California Nevad a Utah Arizona Hawaii



2. Northwestern-ORANGE Alaska Washington Oregon Idaho Montana Wyomin g

And so they go . . . so we all know that for the first time in the United. States we have an organization going fU'r the sport of gymnastics that has the primary objective of developing and promoting the sport.

National C~ors



3 . Southwestern-TAN Colorado New Mexico Kan sas T exas Arkan sas Louisiana

S. Central-GREEN Missouri Illinois Michigan Indian a Kentu cky Ohio

4 . Midwestern-BROWN North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska M innesota I owa Wisconsin

6. Northeastern-BLUE (dork)

7. Eastern-BLU E (light) P enn sylvania lew J ersey West Virgini a Maryland Delaware Virginia (Washington D.C. ) 8 . Sou,theastern-GREEN (light) T ennessee orth Carolina So uth Carolina Miss issippi Alabama



J--- --

f f

I f



\'j '\0 .- --L -____._. -',





I 15

SOME MEMORIES OF BELGRADE Fifth Men's European Championships July 6th - 7th By Jim Prestridge · Editor oj "THE GYlvI N AST" " GLE N WOOD" The Park Sidcup , Kent, England To British gymna sts starved of top co mpetition, a j ourney to th e contin ent of Europe in se arch of a major f!y mn as ti ~ championship is little short of heaven. First com es th e journ ey it se lf and the excit e ment of cross in f! th e chann el. W,· lo ok our mini-bu s, a 12 sealer colossus bv our standard s loaded with passenge rs an cl food enou gh for nearly two weeks. Unfor· lunat ely for us in Ihe weste rn sid e of Europe, politi cs decrees that we mu!'1 trav el far· if we are to enj oy a compl ele ~y mna s ti c co mpetiti on Our journey to Belg rad e was marred onl y because we we re unabl e to tak e our tim e and enjoy the beautifu l places 'en rout e.' Th e first s top was Lux embcllno: and an unforge table evenin g wa s spent ~t th e Cafe des Gymna stes, as gues ts of T oni Bocc io, the Lux e mbour~ Gymnasti c Internati onal Jud ge. Wh en Toni is not futh erin g th e cause of gymnastics he is bu sy earnin g his living at his restaurant. The fo od and s pontan eous entertainm ent was wond erful. It was mad e more enj oy abl e and homely by bein g se rved to us by his vcry pl easant and attra ctive wife and dau g hter. Relu ctantl y we said goodbye to all th e kind folk at th e Cafe des Gymn astes and next mornin g mad e our way into th e hea rt of Germany. Hundred s of mil es of fa st autobahn throu gh incredibl e valleys and dark pin e for es ts_ Next night was iVIuni ch and no time even to find a beer cellar. The following day gave us our fin-t sight of the Au strian Alps and th e beautiful city of Salzberg. That evenin g in a thunder storm we drove into our first Yu goslavia n town- Ljubjana_ In such conditi ons w e were not impressed, but next mornin g w e read in the lo cal paper t:13t il wa, th e home town of a certain gy mnast- Mirosla v Cerar- we were impressed. The foll owing e venin g as we drov e through the suburbs of Belgrade we passed a magnificent dome shaped hall all concrete and glass, an invert ed saucer shaped palace. " Could it be ?" we thou " ht. " Yes it was !" th e Sports Hall where "in a few da ys we were to witness th e most fanta sti c gymna stic competition we had ever seen. II European Championship has mu ch in it 3 favor, first it occ urs every two years, unlike Olympi c and World Championship., Upper left : Kerdemelidi , USSR , 4th (19 .05) Parall e ls. H is lowest position in the Champi onships, no other gymnast able t o maintain su ch a high co nsistency . Upper right : Schaklin, U SS R, 2nd P-Bars (19. 2 5 ). For left : Carminucci . Italy, 1st P- Bars (19.40), Cerar 's f ~ ilure in the preliminar y round let Carminu cc i in (even so Cerar would have hod difficulty in holding the Itali an). At left : Meniche lli , Italy, perfo rmed a fan ta stic Floor Exercise routine to earn hi s Go ld Medal. Here is his full twi sting somer·sau lt .

Miroslav Cerar af Yugos la v ia recei ves European Championsh ip Trophies. The small trophy is the European Cup , the large one he keeps' Schaklin 2nd and Kerdemelid i look on.

whi ch occur every four. It is a competitIOn sol ely of vo lunlary exercises, no two gy mnasts give th e sam e performance. The t('ams co nsist of only two gymna sts, the cream of each country. Th e men's and we men's champi onships bein g held in diff.- rent town s during the summ er. Thi s year the ladi es championships were held in Paris. Th!' fir st day, Saturday saw each com pel it or perform on three pi eces of apparatus. Th e second day , Sunday morning, th " three remainin g pieces were worked _ From these two session s th e overall European Cham pion was dec id ed. That ev ening we re the final s, the 't op six gymnasts on ea ch apparatu s perform ed aga in to de termine individual apparatus honors. Britain's "N ik" Stuart, just fail ed to make the final six on the Pommel Horse with a score of 9.35. Our other man, Gordon Yates, a newcom er to the top international s worked well but cou ld not o, e rcome th e tou gh opposition. I think th ey both found the heat very tryin g. Both would have com e much hi gher wi th a few more days to acclimatise and get used to th e superb appara tus- even good appara tus needs gettin g fami li ar with _ The all-around gymnasts whose performances were outstandin g, were Kerd emlidi , Cerar and Shaklin, that is the ord er of my preference. Cerar, although he is fantastic , does make mi stakes. In Prague a yea r ago his vaulting fault s co st him a World titl e and here at Belgrade a grave slip in hi s Parall" ls almost cost him thi s,

hi s second European title. However hi s recm'ery, and high standard on every oth er pi ece, gave him victory. K erd emelidi is however my humbl e choi ce for Tokio and Portugal. He is consistently near perfection on every pi ece he has improved sin ce Rome and Pra " ue 'and hi s grea tes t asse t is his perfect t~ mpera ­ ment for tough, top international gy mna sti CS_ He I S a well built gymnast, tall er than ave rage, clean- cut features, crew cut hair, and a smile whi ch he uses whenever the goin g is hard. Shacklin who cam e second deserves som p. of his high markin gs but at tim es hi s work a ppears sluggish. He is a copy-book gymnast, sometim es great , but without the brilliance of those two I have already mentioned. Oth ers who will always be among the Gold Medal s on individual apparatus, are fir st Menich elli- his floor routm e is th e most exciting exhibition of callistheni cs or tumbling, call it wha t you will, that the l; uman body can perform. There are n o adj ec tives . in my limited vocabulary to deSCrIbe Ill S breathtaking routin e. If my memory and my 8mm cin e ·serve me correctly thi s was it. Shoot vi gorous run- hand s prin "- forward so mi e landin g on one foot - rou"nd off ba ck flip-full twistin g back somie-ha lf turn to prone fall right leg lifted hi"h be hind, vigorous press up, right leg circli~ g downward s and round , body makin g full turn to left- to balance on ri"ht Ie" left leg sideways-run to round off halr"'twi st17

in g back somie, land on one leg-hand spring onto one leg-hand s placed wide on floor , walk over to back prone position , immediately kick to back walk over- jump change legs, sprin gin g backwards walkover, half turn-one step-d ive into walkover, runnin g forward backflip (gainer ) to front prone, one leg through hands to splits-press up to elephant lift to hand balance-walk out to horizontal balan ce (arabesque) , forward run to round offhalf turning into ver y high dive-to for路 wa rd roll , vigorous sprin g out of r oll into hand balan ce position before touchin g gro und to second roll to straddle standfall forward to chest roll lift to hand bala nce, lower one leg half turn , run round off back flip hollow back so mie- the end. Anoth er must for a Toki o Gold is Ka psasov of Bulgaria. His ring work puts him amongst th e top performers in the world . my opinion hi s rin g performance in Belgrade was without eq ual. In fa ct he tied for first place with Cerar and Shacklin- a very popular way of solvin g a problem-b ut ex pensive in Gold Medal s. Meni chelli 's team mate, Carmenuchi , is cert ainly one of the fore most Parallel Bar men in th e wo rld . Under the strict eye of th eir Swiss coach Jack Gunthard , CarCarmenuchi has improved since R ome and Pra gue. I recall hi s Belgrade routine went somethin g lik e thisUnder somersault to hand stand- a bea utiful fl yin g back roll to handstand ( th e best I have ever seen! -swin g to front chan ge-drop shoot to ca tch-swing back straddl e for wa rd to half lever- lift verv slowly to hand stand-swing front chan g~ und ersomersault uprise front somersault out to fini sh, an excellent performan ce, well deser ved 9.7. Among those not quite in th e medal cluass but equally deserving of mention were a neWCOIner, a youn g Norwegian lau , Wigaard. A gymn ast with a great futur e, al so th e Germans Jakoby and Furst these two from the Western Gerfmany, ano Full e and Koppe from th e D.D.R. or East Germany. Immaculat e gy mnasts, typicall y German with their tradition al poli shed approach. Fulle ca me 7th and Furst and J akoby tied for 14th. It says much for the fanati cal interes t of the Ja panese that th ey were~rese nt at th ese champi onships. A team of six J apanese girls were there to deli ght us with th eir demonstrations of the Olymp ic Set work and similar demonstrations by the men. Japanese offi cial s and photographers covered the entire comp etition . Others were to be seen with measurin g tap es and note books, takin g de tails of eve rythin g in the ma gnifi cent hall , de termined that when th eir turn comes in 1964 only the fin est of gy mnastic co nwetiti on and entertain11Ient will be available for the rest of th~ wo rld to admire. To our small party of Britishers each maj or champi onship on the contin ent outshin es all befor e. We can only awa it th e thrill s and excit ement of Toki;, with anticipation a nd wonder.





Abov e left : Jokoby 路pf Wes t Germony on the High bar w ith team mate Philip Furst spo ttinq.

At left: Cerar , the first man t o ever win two European Championships. He deserved hi s title . but it was cl ose. A bove right: Kerdimelidi , the m ost im pr oved gymnast since Prague . HI S Po,!,me l H orse work is superb , onl y the magic of Cero r can beat him.

At ri gh t : A future champion from N or way, .Wigoard. A beautiful sy tlist. Came 4th on Pomme l H o rse w ith 19.2 5. Deserved hig her place ( I t houg ht ).

r I. t.



For More liON BALANCE" with the editor



the page


~alaft(;e , , ,


By GLENN SUNDBY TH E PLA NC HE TIIf' ··On Ba la nce " :;e ri t's for Ihi ;: iss uf' is th e ··PlancllP." Th e ·' Pl anche'· i" pre· dll lilin a le ly a qren g t h Iri ck with ba lan e .. pl ay in g a minor bUI impo rtant pa rt in it· , co rrec i pe rform a nce. Th e id ea l " plan c he· · pos iti on shou ld be don e wilh th e a m" "> Irai gh t and Ih e body he ld hori zonlal w ilh littl e or nil arch . T o he lp achi el'f' thi s po·

-~-- --·I

··On Balance wilh Ih e Ed il or" is a new seri es of articl es in Ih e M. G. whi ch will fea ture in s lru cli on a nd s ugges ti ons 10 help yuu ma s le r gymnasli c moves of ba lance . In future ed il ions we w ill cove r s uc h s ubj ec ls as; " Ped esla l Ba lanci ng." " Lea rn · in g 111<" On e· hand s land ; · " Piro ue ll es o n (h e Par a ll elS; ' plu s s in g le, d oubl e, Iriple and g ro up balan cin g roulin es al oni! with .)Ih er spec ial ·' On Ba la nce " id eas submitted or re qu es ted by th e Modem Gymllast r eaders.






2 As this is th e iirst in this series 1(>P lVould esperiallr i,'elrome YOllr p ersonal 1)f1ogre.'is rep or t s.

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('011l111(,I1/ S.

" il ion one ~"lO uld pu sh out high and lock Ih e a nll S and " ho uld ers in an extend ed Pll · sili(.n. DII 11 0 1 s lump ur arch and do nol I ry to hold t 11<" ht'a d hi g h a s thi s for cP" an arl· hed I"",i li o n. A furl he r Ih oug ht is til cn ll ce ntralt' on keeping the h ip s hi g h and Ilk feet low. Do nut try to lift or ho ld th e ·· pl a nche ·' wit h Ih e fee t as thi s will a lso furc(' an OVf' r arch . But , lift w ith th e hips and til(> ' Illall (, f Ih e ba ck in som e what of a hun ched or pik ed position. F or c in g one· !'e lf into thi s piked positi on may see m stran ge a t first. hut it will he lp you a cquire th e CO ITf'C I " plan che" pos ition .




DEVELOPI NG TH E PL \ lCHE POW E R Pi ct ured here a r e seve ral exercises whi ch will help yo u deve lop "plan che" power. 1. Firs t take jus t th e ordinary pu sh·up position but in s tea d o f plac in g hand s by th e s houlders place t hem by th e wai st a nd practi ce yo ur pu s h·ups thi s way. 2. Th e nex t s te p is simil ar exce pt place your fee t on a low cha ir, stall bar run g or any obj ect where the body would be hori · zonta l in a simulated " plan che" pOSltlOlL Do yo ur push·ups from this position keep· in g the hip s hi gh with littl e or no arch. It would be wise to accentu a te th e pik e 1J0, iti on in th e beg innin g (m uch more th an shown ) . 3. Sq ua t push·ups : Startin g on the hands and kn ees (not s hown ) pl ace th e hand s

a bout a foo t to e ig htee n in ches in front o f the kn ees then go back to a sq uat po· siti on as show n. Now r id e forward ove r th c hands pla cin g th e wa is t on the gr ound , th en pus h·up , raisc the hips hi gh and r eo t urn to th e squ a t pos iti on. }\e peat this exer cise move ment fiv e to ten tim es. If at first yo u have diffi culty touchin g th e hips to th e ground in th e extend ed positi on yo u s hould sta rt th e whole ex trcise with th e hand s fa rther forward. th en as you be· come more profi cient gr adu a ll y move the ha nd s ba ck close r to th e squall. 4. S tartin g in a hi gh tucked positi on with th e arm s locked , hips hi gh and ba ck a lmost leve l. pr acti ce h oldin g thi s positi on. Ha ve someo ne loo k to see if yo u are in th e ri ght star tin g pos iti on as it is difficult to ge t til(' co rrec t feelin g at first. Wh en you ha ve ma ste red thi s Jlosition the next ste p

is to extend on e leg and hrin !! it back to th e tu ck pos iti on . 'Re pea t thi~ move ment seve ra l tim es wi th each leg, re turnin g to th e tu ck pos iti on he fore ext endin g the oth er leg. A furth er prog ress ion of this exercise wo uld be to bicycle th e legs hav in g one ex tend ed while th e ot her is tu cked. 5 . Again sta rtin g fr om th e tu ck pos ition pra cti ce e xtendi ng both legs s tra ight back with a thru s t a nd "imm edi a tely r eturnin g to th e tuck pos iti on. Poin ts to consid er when d oin g thi s exerc ise ar e; mak e s ure th e a rm s sta y locked, th e hips stay hi gh, th e fee t s tay low. As this exer cise beco mes :easier try to maintain the extend ed pos i· t io n fra cti on, longe r and slow up the ac· ,tion to more of a press·out ra th er than a fas t thrusl. O. K. , GET STARTED AN D GOD LU CK! ! !



CARBON COpy By HERB VOGEL Womens Coach SOurnern Illinois University, Carbondale, III.

ADVANCED GYMNASTICS FOR WOMEN This new seri es of articles geared to the needs of the g irl s and women in gym nastics, formerl y known as " Flint Spa rks", sha ll co ntinue to present methods, techniques, and skill progressions which ma y be useful tu the gym nast, instructor , and coach. In addition , the seri es sha 11 attempt to stimulate the ima gi nation of the reader toward creativity in stunt production and aid in th e developmen t of the unlimited possibilities of combination. To best illustrate this th e first few articles shall be devoted to th e Balance Beam and a few of th e man y skill possibiliti es, presented progressively, that evolve about what th e write r term s, "S traddle s wing" movements. TH E STRADDLE SW l l\C MOVEMEl\T: Simpl y stated the legs are swung downward a nd back upward_ th e placement of th e hand s between the separa ted legs as close to the body as possibl e, with the arms kept tight to the sid es of the bod y (not elbows into body I , As the legs sw in g down and back-upward there is an extreme b~d y l ea ,~ fo rward over th e hand support, in this posi-

tion the arms are bent with the head and chest coming ahead of the hand support and very close to the beam (a feeling of fallin g on face is experienced), the gymnast must hesitate at this point to allow the body and legs time to rise above the horizontal. At the desired height of eleva ti on, somewhere between 45 and 90 degrees, the arms are straightened , the total body tightened in exten sion . . . the body a t this point is over the straigh t arms and body contro l placed fully in the hands. Master y of this, the straddle swing, wi ll allow us to proceed to the movements covered in this article as well as the next four articles of M.G. STRADDLE SWING PRACTICE: Practice of this movement ca n be accomplished safel y using the horse as a practice devi ce or a Mat could be placed over the beam to provide a practice device that is ( 1) bruise free in the leg swing and the shift of body weight and (2) in路 stills self-confidence in development of the required bod} strength , weight transference and timing.

1. Leg Swing and Bod y Control Practice Aid:

"GO .. . DOWN . .. TO GO UP" ( Re : Academy Royale, Wes t Palm Beach, Florida - Thi s is one of th e many fin e principl es of the Kneeland !VIethod of ba l路 le ti c move ment appli ed to gy mnasti cs . . . for further informati oll write' to Ted and J oann e Kn eeland c / o the Imperial Studios, Palm Beach .



1. Practi ce free swin g of legs downw ard and back upward . 2. On sid e horse, kee pin g grasp of hand s on the bea m (or horse) as close to the body as possible. 3-4. Body we ight mu st be tran sferred forward over the bent anns as th e legs swin g back upward (practi ce of this on a padded horse r emoves the ; ~ ar of fallin g on the fa ce). 5·6. Arms are lo cked momentarily in a bent position ( held close to. th e side of the

body but NOT tu cked into th e body) . Th e body is sli ghtly bent, with a slight hip lead, all ow the legs plus body to " rid e" up with the initial swin g. Rememb er it tak es time to ge t to the desired position. T o achieve thi s position th e gy inn ast must over co me the fea r of ex treme forward lean ( again pra ctice on a horse does help gain co nfidence) . 7·8. Arms are force i ully strai ghtened as th e body reaches it s pea k position, to reach the :~ hand stand or the a bove hori zont al


BEAM body pos iti on the total bod y, arm s, shoulders, lowe r ba ck mu st be ri gidly ex tended, press down on th e · beam to get hi ghest elev a tion of th e body. 9. A mom entary hold is see n at point 8. it is at this point th a t th e hip s are bent with th e legs kep t strai ght to avo id fi sh tailin g" (see 9A ) . 10-11. Kn ees bent, assum e tu cked body positi on, with tran sfer of weight forwa rd to squat stand on beam.



-i:---c II

RH YT HiVrrC PERFORMA NCE COUN T TIMING Thi s is th e audio-so und given to help the gy mna st learn the exact timin g of the skill to be mastered. A. AH . . . ONE! , two . (Ah with accent on one, covers no. covers no. 9 to 11 ) .

.. ONEI to 8, two,

B. STRADDLE SWI N G TO " TOE" ON " FOOT" LEVER 1·6. Same as above throu gh poi nt S. Th en 6, plane fo ot ( top ) on beam as op· posite legs continue to " ride" upward. No te arms are bent and forward lean is reo quired.

7. Push down on beam with the straight arms and with the top of foot, ar ch small of ba ck, stri vin g to reach a fu ll or gr eater then full s plit position of the legs. Hips ca n be rai sed , top leg lowe red and joined with bottom leg, combinin g with bendin g of arm s, tucklin g head to for wa rd roll.

NEXT ISSUE: STRADDLE SW I NG TO: arabasq ue, splits, . .. whip ove r forward r oll


Spec ial away from home or weekend exer cises fo r the ladies to KEEP FIT demonstrated by Margaret Ko rondi.


GYM By MARGARET KORONDI Olympic Gold Medal Winner

For yo u ladies who are away on week· end s and do not have time or space to do your regular exercises. You can and should do all the stretchin g and bending exe r· cises. The following are very good, es· peciall y for posture and th igh tonin g. 1. Startin g position as shown on picture -squat on ri ght ' Ieg, bend left kn ee, and by curvin g you r ba ck , try to lift it close to your nose. Hold it for 4 co unts, then strai ghten leg to the front. Hold it aga in for 4 co unts, then return to startin g posi· tion. Repeat it 10·15 times, then do th e same, with other leg. 2. Starting position - as shown - go down on your left knee and ex tend your ri ght .straight leg as fa r back a nd as hi gh as you can. Arch yo ur back at the sam e time. Hold it for 4 counts, then drop your ri ght leg and touch the fl oor with your toe. Repeat the movement 10· 15 tim es. Then d o th e sa me ...with yo ur other leg.

A FEW T IPS TO SPEED Y REDUC I NG Do not wash food down with liquid s. You will lose weight much fa ster if yo u do not ta ke any liquid (even water, black coffee, tea) wi th yo ur meal. Tak e liqui d after ea tin g for fast results ! Be ea rful with yo ur sa lt·shaker! I do not say cut _o ut salt from yo ur di et, but do use


sait' sparingly. Sail hold s eight times it s weight in the body. If you are overweigh t, to get back in th e shape you would like to be, yo u have to gil on a diet and at the sa me time you have to exercise. Send for the illustrated exercise cha rt th e "KEEP FIT LADIES DOZEN" and start your every day reg ul ar wo rk outright ri ght now. You will feel and look better soon! H O W ' S Y O UR FIGU RE. ?

you· need fast help, to r educe the size of selected areas of your fi gure ,



real 111uscle


s limnlin g

exe rcise - Rilex-A-Sizor, the electrical pulsating device is the soluti on for your problem. Many actresses, models a nd athl et es are using it success full y . Send for ' your free illustra ted COpy of " Figure Improvement a nd F acial Ca r e". Rilex-A-Sizor : Rilex -A- Sizo r, Dept. 20 -6 04 980 N . L:a Cienega Blvd., L.A. 54, Cal.

.Address Cify ............... .

............ Sta te

In our la st issue, we gave yo u some strengthening and simple exercises to pre· pare yourself to work on the uneven bars. Th ere are many simple, basic exercises yo u ha ve to master to be able to learn the more difficult and very difficult movements. We alrea dy said that an un· even ro utin e has to co nsist of a mount , and a lot of circles, kips, connecting swin g· in g movements dominate composi tion. The current trend is toward a compl etely mov· ing style with no stops an d hold positions. Th ere is no specifi ed time limit to the exercise, but it has to contain a minimum of 10 · 12 pa rts, 4 of difficulty and at least one of superior difficult parts. An id eal co mposition is to work from hi gh to low bar, and low bar to high ba r. For top diffi cult par ts onl y the regras pin g move· ments are considered. For beginners it is a good id ea not to try to put everything you know in one r out in e, as th e Jonger your exercise the mo re cha nce yo u have to make mi stakes! Do not include in yo ur ro utin e skills yo u have not mastered 100 pe rcent. Practice every pa rt se parately at fir st. W hen you can perform it wi th can· fidence conn ect 2 · 3 movement s and work on it for awhile. After thi s is mastered, then practice half of yo ur r outine the whole exercise. When ever you decide you are going to do yo ur whole r outine do it , no matter wha t ! - When you ca n perform yo ur whol e exercise without failurc 5 times out of 5 - you are ready to enter th e co mpetition. 1£ yo u can do a tri ck with confidence when you are doin g it se parately, but it is still not 100 percen t sure in your routin e - ri o not put this part in yu ur rou· tine if it is a serious com petiti on, but do it by all means at all other opportunities. SOME BAS IC U NEVEN BAR EXERCISES:

Most of th em can be practi ced on th e low horizon tal ba r also.

A necessary preliminary move, especially to many mounts. 1. From a standing position approxi mately a full arm's lengt h from the bar, jump upward with the arms swinging for-

THE GLIDE ward to a horizoilial position in front of the body. 2. As the body begins to drop down ward, catch th e bar with an upper grip . 3. Then .p ull th e hips backward whi ch

wi ll permit th e fee t and legs to glide forward . 4. Just before you reach the end of the forward swin g, snap the hips forward to ge t and arched position of the bod y.

THE GLIDE KIP MOUNT: Aft er you have executed th e glid e, lift wa rd , press down with arms and lift body legs upward s so th at ankles almost tou ch to a front support position on the bar. the bar. Arms a nd legs should be straight! Th e arms mu st remain locked throughout Then forcefull y ki ck upward and downthe movement.





Start from a supp ort position, do a feint sw in g (let both feet und er th e bar) under the bar with your legs, when the legs sw in g ba ckward , pull yo ur hips upward ,

STRIDE CIRCLE: Start from a side-stride po sition, hand s in und er grip po sition! Raise your body off and up the bar, supportin g yourself entirely on your arms. Then sudd enl y in





bend one kn ee and step throu gh and over th e bar bet ween the hand s. Strai ght en lel! as soon as possible and co mpl ete movement in a strid pos iti on of the legs.

an arched posit ion thrust head and shoulders forward , outward and downward and attempt to make th e largest circle by the budy. The hand s rotate und er and around th e bar. Th en pull to kee p th e body in co n-


tact with the bar. Finish the mo ve ment in a front support sid e-strid e posi ti on. To help the upward motion of the bod y, th t' trail leg sw in gs ba ckward and upward rea l hard!




THE PUSH UP: Executed from a rear support han g posi ti on, hands in upper gri p_ Place th e ball of yo ur right leg on the lower bar,

raise left legr hi gh, th en push hard witl yo ur bent lei in a backward and upward dil ection th el sa me tim e th e straight leg swings down/ward and backward, the arm s pull the body rises to a front su pp ort position on thl; hi gh bar. SINGLE LEG BOUNCE: Startin g positi on is the sa me for the

SLIDE TO SIDE-STRIDE Executed from a front position on the hi gh bar facin g the low bar, hands in upper grip_ The arms bend sli ghtly and push

th e shoulders back from the bar, open your legs and slide down smoothly to a strid e positi on, hands remain on high bar. The top leg is slidin g on the low bar, but keep


Pllsh up_ After yo u pla ce yo ur ri ght leg on the low bar, rai se other leg hi gh in the air, join ri ght leg to left , then bounce with both feet on th e lower bar, con tinuously thrust upward and backward_ H ead is thrown ba ckward and arm s pull to speed the rotation around the bar. Arri ve in a fr on t support position on th e hi gh bar.

most of your wei ght from this -l eg. Hand s may be shift ed to the low bar in an under grip and yo u may execute a side-strid e to provid e con tinuity!

Helpful hints by "Jim" Farkas. Instmctor 0/ Physical Education. 0/ The Milwaukee Turners. Wisconsin

HOW TO SPOT A "Stuet%kehre


ON TH E PARALLEL BARS After a correct swinging technique has been devel· Jped on the P. Bars, the learning of a Stuetzkehre l German terminus technicus : about turn in support) becomes a fairly easy task, provided the first attempts can be done under safe conditions. This illustration shows a spotting technique, which, besides providing maximum safety, also helps the ac· cumulation of proper kinesthetic sensations - leading to fast learning.

HINTS: 1. Set the bars low to increase tiLe feeling of safe po· sitions;

2. Set the bars wide to allow freedom of movement in the swings; 3. The spotter should stand on an elevated platform to get his torso above the bars. This will prevent arm injuries to the spotter; 4. Have the gymnast perform the turn TOWARD you, so he will roll directly into your hands ; 5. Guide and hold the gymnast from before releaseto after regras p positions (as illustrated) · and let go only after controlled support position has been se· cured by the per former; 6. First let them do it from swings only, and later from hand·stand too.

~1ea4tte4 tie

P44ieat &~


BRAINSTORMING THE TRAMPOLINE Brain ~ t o rJl1in g has proven to be a vc ry useful techniqu e whe n a ppli ed to ce rtain pro bl e ms wh e re a g ro up co mbin es it s ta l· ent s in a n e ffo rt to see k possibl e so luti on • . The deve lop ment of this techniqu e is es· pec ia ll y reco mm e nd ed by th e C rea ti ve Fo und a ti on ':' o f Buffa lo. New Yo rk a nd was o ri g in a ted by the prese nt C ha irman "f th t" boa rd o f th e F o und a ti on. A lex Os bo rn . In bri e f. brain stormin g i. a g roup proc· e"" whi c h is es pec iall y char acte ri zed by th e prin cipl e o f s us pe ns ion o f jud ge ill e nt. Thi , Ill ea ns th a t all possibl e id eas a re acce ptabl e a nu "n e need not fee l th a t hi . " \l ay uut" id ea sh ould be with held. A n yune wh o has eve r att e nd ed a mee tin g o f a co mmitt ee or o th e r s imil a r ga th e rin g kn ows full we ll th a t such sess ions m ay be unprod uc ti ve a t tim es . It is suggt".ted th a t thi s is the case d ue to the fac t th a t judgeme nt pred o min a tes a nd so me ""a ll y good ideas may b e withheld . B y te mp ora ril y sus pe n d in g judge me nt. a ll id eas may be el"a lu a ted at a lat e r tim e a nd th e g roup Ili ay ta ke a d va nt age o f an a ll -n ut sess ion. A di l!est of rul es is fo und be low . F urth e r inquiries s hould be direc ted to th e C rt'a ti l"P Edu ca tio n F o undati on.':' 1. Criticis m is rII led out. J ud gem c nt is sm' pe nd e d until lat e r whe n id eas p rodu ce d a r p full y eva lu a tN I. 2. F ree-wheeling is weloU/n ed. Th e wilu er th e ideas th e be tt e r ; it is eas ie r to ta me uow n th a n to think up. 3. Quantity is wan led. T he g rea ter th e num be r o f id eas. tilt" more li ke lih ood o f ~(j(l d


4. Co mbillatioll and improvem ellt are sOllghl . In additi on to co ntributin g id eas o f th e ir own, pan el membe rs shoul d sugges t how sugges ti ons by othe rs co uld be turn ed into be tt e r ideas . o r how two o r more id eas co ul d b" co mbin ed int o a still bt'l te r id ea. With th ose prin ci ples in mind. a grou p " f stud e nt s and two in stru c to rs recentl y b" a in storm ed th e tra mpo lin e. Th e p roble m was, " H ow ca n th e tra mp o lin e be used oth e r than th e us ua l fun c ti on in vol vin g re bounding "tunt s)" Th e g ro up atta c ked thi, probl e m for onl y t went.y minut es. Th e id ~ a s we re record " d in thi s tim e as th ev " ert" thou g ht up. T wo d ays la te r th e id ea~ we re writt e n up

111 0 r ('

fo rlll all y and so me

o f th e me mbe rs o f th e gr oup were ask ed if a n y o the r id eas occ urred to th e m in thi . tim e. A pp ro priat ad d iti ons we re m ad e. Th e r e, ult s o f th e sess ion fo ll ow .

I. Casting Skills of Various Kinds ':'Creative Edllcalion Plollll da lion , Hi14 Ran d B ILild illg, B II Dalo 3. New Y ork . A . Cast to a s ta nd - As Ill a n y as 10 peo pl e ma y pe rform a t one tim e . Progr t"s !5 ion might he :

1. Cast to one kn ee 2. Ca st to both kn l'c" 3. Cas t on one font 4. Cas t to both fee t U. Cas t a nd for wa rd ro ll - J-[t"ad is du cked a t th e he ig ht of th e ca~ t a nd a roll to tllP tra m p bed fo ll ows . A t the n0vice leve l. a ma t Ill ay be pl aced on th e tra mp bed nea r th e ed ge to prevent

th e head fr om sinkin g be t ween th e shock co rds or s prin gs. A bove th !' novice leve l a mat is unn ecessa ry .

C. Cas tin g to g ia nt sw in gs-It has bee n reco!!nized th a t a good cas t to a hand sta nd i ~ n~cess ary be fo;'{' giant swin gs are a t·

te mpt ed on th e hori zontal bar. Tbi s sk ill may be th o rou ghl y prac ti ced on th e tramp in c ludin g th e pro pe r bod y positi on as th e gy mn ast pe rform s th e fir st quarte r o f hi s ci l c le. 1. From front supp ort fa c in g III fo r fro nt g iant s.

2. F or back g ia nt s - S tand on tra mp , g ras pin g fr a me in overg rip. Ki ck to h a nd , ta nd and d rop to front o f bod y. W e a lso fG und th a t it wa s a lo t of fun to try to d ro p as a bove sta ted and th en atte m p t to re t urn to th e ha nd sta nd. J n so d oin g it was a l.o noted th a t ce rtain vault s mi g ht be pe rflll'll w d to a mat plac!' d in fr ont o f the .tramp on th e flo o r.

II. Using the Tramp for Learning Tumbling Movements A. Back ha nd s prin g - Wh e n nov ice is n 'ady to " ,,0 10" in thi s stunt with a minimum spo t or no s pot , h a ve him sta nd on til< fr a me e nd . fac in !! out. The back h a nd>, prin g is a tt ~mpt ed - fr o m fram e to bed. Dn not a tt e illpt to teach this stunt fr o III

S tand if p0 5sibl e


Prac ti c in l! initi a l drop fnr ba c k g iant I fC2}



2 7 7713

Va ul ti ng aft e r bo un ce-up

'be d to "b e d s in ce --ihe';'e will n o ~ , be u fi rm "u rface from w hi ch to initi a te th e ~ I unt. B. Bas ic ele m e nts of twi s tin g s tunt s mav b e lea rn e d firs t on th e tramp. C. L ea rnin g to tu ck pro pe rl y in mid air. D. Front s o m c r"ault ( s tandin!() from fram e to .Iwd.

A. S pott e r s tand s on tram p to s pot s tunt " the be am. 1. H a nd s tand s . 2 . Walk ove rs . :l. Cartw heels. B. Ce rtain m ove m e nt " and di , mount " may he pra c ti ced w ith out fpa r o f fallini! . 1. S traddl e or s quat mounts. 2. Ki ck to s id e h a n d " ta nd from tramp and a.';;; rurn dis m o ul1l to c ross s tand. b. Hollow bac k (ve ry s low h and s prin g) off to s id e s tand r ea r ways . C. Walk on fram e pad s to s imulate be am wo rk. The fram e pad s m ay be secu re d m o re tightly b y wrapping th e m with Vel,

strips at va ri ous int <-r va ls. III. Trampoline Vaulting (See diagrams below) A. U s in g tramp in combination with a , id e h or se. bu ck or l on g h or se is poss ibl e . Vaultin" is done over h o rse to tramp. Th p s l~'in g board , trampole t or R e uthe r boa rd is u sed in the u s ual way. It is s u g"es ted that a sweat s uit or lon g trou s ers b e worn to pre vent abra s ions. A mat m ay a ls o be pla ced on th e tramp be d for add ed . . s afe ty if need ed . E. Thi s com bination of e quipme nt IS es· pe cially us eful for: L H andsp rin g ( Ge ttin g e nd fli ght ) Land on back . 2 . H echt- L a nd in front dro p po s ition. 3. Front ove r-Somers ault from n ear e nd of h or se ove r bo dy o f h or se. 4. Giant ca rtwhee l.



D. {jse fram e pad s a" a pro tec ti ve d e , vic f'. R e m ove frol11 tra mp and pla ce nil l)pam for practi ce o f forwa r d and ba ck · ward r oll s a nd for Illn VC IlH"nt s. e n d in p: if a forward 1'011. 1. S impl e fo rward rol1. 2. Hand "tand. for wa rd rol1. 3 . F(l)' wa rd roll mount from e nd af bea m. No te : V e l· Crn s trip!:' ma y b e "ew n to fram e ped s t n mak e a qui c k faste n in !! dev ice for "ec ur in !( th e fr a me pa d " t;, th e b e am .



G ive ass is ta nce h e rp if necessa ry





C. From front l y ing; positi on on t ramp. g ra s p fram e a nd turn ove r fo rwa rd to fee l. I Si mpl y "B" d one in r ever se .) D. Vau lt . from hed o f tramp to floor u ~ ill~ fram e fur s upport.







Trampolin e use d in co mbinali on w ith a balan ce IlI'a1l1.

E. H e ad s ta nd s a ll fram e pad hold ini! . hock co rd s o r s prin gs . S poile r s tand s on fl on )'. p la c in g hand s on De r for m e r' s hip s.

> <-\\7v ~ ",,' "g"h"" close as poss ibl e

C. Vaulting ma y al so b e att e mpted from s prin g boa rd to tram p. Hand s are pl ace d on the fram e ed ge for this type of va ult· lin g. (See a lso s uggesti on in J· C-2 . ) IV. Rin gs in combinati on with the Trampoline The trampolin e is pla ce d und e r th e ring, whi c h are se t at s ta ndard h e ig ht for s till rin g work. A. Pra ct ice hand s tand s and s h ould e r , tand. E. Practi c ing certa in di s m o unJ s. L Di s mount s fr om di sloca tes . 2 . Doubl e c ut di s m o unt s for wa rd or ba c kward. (We had a good tim e d o in g a d o ubl e c ut forward to a "e at drop.) . C. Di s loca te- to fr ont ' '~11 th e Iramp.



V, The Trampo line Used As A Spotting Device For The Balance Beam H ave th e b eam placed al on g s id e o f Ih r tramp o r pla ce the bea m ac r oss on(' co rn er of th e tramp s o th a i a s pott e r may s ta nd on e ith er s id e . In o ur s itu a ti on we h ave a n on, ad jus tabl e balan ce br a m and 11'(' c ann o t work it a t lower Ih a n OI Ylllpi e h e ig ht.

VI. Using The Sides of 1 he Trampoline A. Han g in g from the " icl e, h old an " L " 01' lead -up to an " L" ' .

\7' '\I


H.a n g in tU,,;k ,, L ( On e leg tu ck ed \

L.. S 1l1 g le leg;

3. H a ngin g " L"

\7' 'VI 2

E. S it i111de r th e tra mp fa c iil g o ut. Gra s p the fram e wi lh e ith e r g rip a nd ki ck ovt'l' t u top o f tra mp.


\/' IV

VII. The Trampoline in Combination With The Parallel Bars A. Use th e tra 111p a s a d ev ice on wh ic h to s po t va ri o us p-bar s lunt s. Ex. Gia nt s lwu lde r roll s. E. L o we r p-har r a il s so that th ey a re e \'en wit h the leve l of th e tra mp be d. I-'r ac ti cf' fron t so m nsault di s mount lea dup ~. ~l a t is pl aced on Iramp at s po t wh en' gynllla s l wi ll land. Th e rail s ma v b,-, g r a du a ll y ra ised a , s kill prog resses . C. I t would be int er es t in g to "brain ~ t()nll" oth f' r USe5- o f thi s arra n gf' ment of th e a ppara tu s a " we ll a s o tlH'r lu,du l CO m·

iJin a tion s of other a pparat us arran gf' llH'nt s. VI II. Use The Trampoline Frame As A Ballet Barre Th (' e nlire edge o f fra111 e of th e tr amp ma l' 1)(' u sed for a ba ll e t ba rre . Ex e rc is,", il1\ol \'(,d \\'oliid be o f Ih e ba ll e t warm-up t\')ll' . Th e rea d e r w ill find man y o f these t 'xe rc i ~t:':-' ,'spec ially s uit ed fo r g:y lllna ~ b in G ra C'e K al'w(-'I !'s exce ll e n t "n it'" in tl]l' lI odem C\'II/I/(lSi , "\3all e t for Gym n as ts ." I Th l' re lui\'l' bl'en fo urt ee n , ud; arti c l.. s puh li "h l' d thn " far cu mm e n c in g w ith th t' t1rii! in u l Ont' in y ,,!. 3, N". 2 . NUH'Il1be r.

1%0. I 31

IX. Use The Trampoline Frame for Isometric Exercises T he tramp may be utilized for isometrics by a class in two shifts. On e group si ts on the frame edge while the other group attempts various exercises. This aspect of usage is open to still another bra in· storm session." It is recommend ed that such a session be conducted by persons having a thoro ugh orientation in both isometri c exercise and gymn astics or anoth er sport for whi ch the exercises are designed. X. Using A T rampoline Which Has been Tipped Up, On Its Side The trampoline was tipped up on its sid.e and it was found that it wa s far more stable than had been supposed. Although this position must be used only under close supervision, there are a r emarkabl e number of uses possible and the group in question only scratched th e surfa ce. Several students may sit astrid e the legs closest to the Aoor if additional stability is desired.

Trampoline in ' tipped up positiOfl. Figure is shown hanging from a side support bar located directly uhder th e fram e on the .tram·ponn e. . A. Chinning on the sid e support bar. B. Use as an obstacle for a Command o run on similar obstacle race. It was foun d that a man could climb over the tramp in th e position shown above without tippin g it. An attempt was made to shake the trampoline from the position shown. t was found that it co uld be tipped over if a concerted effort was made to do so. C. Stand in {ront of the tramp f9r team pictures. (Those to be photographed stand at position "X" shown above.) D. Several youn gsters delighted in climb· ing the shock cord (springs ) to the top of the tramp. E. Practice of handstands-Once weight can be supported on the arm s, kick to a hand stand from position " X" letting the feet overbalance to touch the bed . Kee p one fo ot in contact with the bed and stretch the other leg to a· correct position. Th en, by pushin g off the bed wi th the foot in contact with it, the nov ice may experimentally ' find the correct balance po int. This arrangement is more satisfa c· tory than a hard wall and th ere will be no danger in hittin g the heels of the feet or bruising other parts of the foo t. F. Th e tramp in this position may be used as a pit chin g target. G. Place a table tennis top in front of the bed adajcent to it so it will be fl at against the bed. This com bination can be used as a tennis strokin g board or reboundin g br ard . H. In this position, the tram p serves as a make·shift backstop for a softb all #:aIl1e .

Although there was no time to explore furth er, it was suggested that tramp be turn ed upside down and that th e group th en consid er possible uses in this n ew position.


~ o


Dear M r. S hurlock: I wou.ld .like to know w hat strength exer· cises are most beneficial in developing th e strength to do a planche, a "cross" on th e rings , and a front lever also on. the rings. I would also ap preciate knowing whether it is better to learn the one -h and balance with the legs in th e straddle position o.r with the legs toge th er. Y onrs trnl:!" . Dick K elly St . Pall I, Min nesota Dear Di ck, For developin g cross or pl anche strength there is nothing like trying the movement itse lf but with less opposin g force than yo u need to hold it. For instance, overh ead pu l· leys can be rigged wi th weight attachm ent s whi ch will allow yo u to prog ressively build strength for the cross (III u s t~a t e d by Far· kas in MG) . The me thod I lIke to employ for cross strength development is to use a rubber tube, surgical tubin g or strap (a n inn er tube or shock cord ) about 8· 10 fee t lon g. You place either end of th e rubber tube on th e rings, assum e a sup· port position on the rin gs, place your feet on the rubber strap or tub e and lower to the cross or L cross (si t on strap) or Olympic position. With enough res istance :rom tb e rubber tubes yo u can do repetition cross pull outs. From there yo u just pro· gress ively lower the resistan ce of the ruh · ber cord until you have enough strength to. hold it without them. For the pl anche on rings try to develop strength for it by pr acticing it on th e grou nd and parall el bars first. T ry to be able to hold it on them for 8· 10 second s at a tim e and up to 5 or 6 of them every ot her day. If you ha ve not mastered the pl anche as yet, assume a push up position on the fl oor with the body perfectly strai"ht with th e th um b of yo ur hand facin"" for wa rd and your fin gers sidewards. From" this pos ition yo u start movin g your should ers forward toward a ' planche pos i· tion bu't ' wit h your toes remaining on the fl oor and yo ur ar ms held completely , traight all of the time. T ry to do this oft en and to the point where you can lean far enough forward so that your feet will come off th e fl oor (arms must be kept straight ). The planche can be practiced on th e parallel bars by movin g into the cor· rect planche positi on from an L 120sition. Do repetitions hy pikin g back wards and th en stra ightening the body into the plan che pos ition. Remember on any slrength movement such as the cross or planche you have to work at them con· sistently, strai nin g to the point of extreme muscular fati gue in order to develop ade· fiuate strength to hold these moves. The on e arm hand balance see ms to be more stahle when th e legs are apa rt , however thi s might be an individual character·

lstl C. I would suggest trying it both ways and ascertainin g for yo urself which is bet· ter for you.-A.S. ,;,



Mr. Sund by (editor) informs me th at he had had several requests for informa· tion on a back sommersault catc h to a handstand on the parall el bars. I will give an explanation of the mechanics and tech· niques that I use on this movement , along with a photo seq uence series of it. The performer will naturally have mastered the regular back somi catch before he tries this movement. The photo sequence sen es should be closely scrutinized while I give an explanation of this move. The performer starts in a handstand po· sition on the parallels with a slight arch in his back. The swing down is controlled and not excessively fa st. As the performer n ears th e vertical support position he starts to pike or bend at the waist very slightly. As th e upward swin g is started he throws his body into an arch by lifting his stomach or hollowin g his back. (Note the head is not thrown back as yet.) By the time the body is at the horizontal position of the forward swing hi s body should be in a complete layout position with the head still tucked forward. The performer then feels a tug at hi s sh ould ers at which poin t he throws his head forcefully backwards and releases the bar. This will cause the body to have a hi gh lift and stallin g effect. The arms are not rotated in the usual man· ner, however but thrown sid eward in a dislocate fa shion and brought around as quickly as possi ble in order to catch the handstand. The performer will find that he will get a much higher lift away from the bar, that he will have a greater stall and that he will see the bars much sooner th an on the ordin ary back flip catch. The important points are the early arch , the for cef ul head extension backwards, the dislocate like rotation of the arm s and the early visual percepti on of the bar. The performer also when he regrasps the bar will find that he will have to absorb a little shock with his body from his descent onto the bars and the we will have to gras p on very strongly with hi s hand s. The performer trying this movement ca n be spotted adequately in an overhead belt. This is advisable since the early layout is somew hat awkward wh en performin g it for the first time. The safety belt can help to prev ent th e perform er from bucklin g at the arms and in the learnin g stages it can help on the arched body lift and stall after the release of the hand s.-A.S. "

At right : Art demo nstrates on over- barboc k cotch t o a ha ndstand . Starting at the t op of th e page read across th e pag e t o f o llow the f our rows of sequence phot os.



.... :: :: .. . ...... .......... .... ........ .. .......

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TRAMPOLINE TE AM. . . Best in the Nation? Left 10 right : Wayne Miller , Charles Stewart, Frank Schm itz, Jim Bussalali , Bill Meagher and Coach Jeff Henn essy

.,.",'''? .

Du e to th e success of my trampoline eam at the U.S.G.F. nati ona ls in Chicago have reason to belie ve th at my team is the bes t trampoli ne tea m in the nation. So yo u can ima gin e my surprise wh en I opened a lette r from J eff H enn essy, gy mnasti cs co ach at th e University of Southwestern Loui sia na, and read , " Enclosed is a group shot of ou r trampolin e team wh ich I consider to be th e bes t in th e co untry." After lookin g at th e photo and r eadin g the letter I mLl st admit he has a powerful team. Boys trained by J eff won 1st, 2nd and 3rd at the AAU nationals this year. fvlembers of th e team are as follow s : Way ne Mill er , 1963 junior and seni or AAU national champion' Charles S iewa rt , four years in the nation's top ten; Frank Schmitz, 1962 AA U nati onal champi on2nd in 1963; Jim Bussolati, 4th pface winner in Pam-Am trial s; Bill Meagher, fvlid South collegiate champion ; and Jim Yon gue ( not pi ctured above), 3rd pla ce in thp. 1963 AA U national s. Miller, a 16-year-old hi gh school senIOr. won with thi s r outin e : 1. Doubl e front with 21/2 twist 2. Double back 3. Back with doubl e twi st 4. Back 5. Back with full twi st 6. Piked Ih in %o ut f1iffi s 7. Back with double twi st S. Front with lIh twi st 9. Back with full twist 10. Back 11. Back with doubl e twi st 12. p ouble back with doubl e twi st



By Jess Robinson

Millllr's mount ( double front ' with 21/~ twi st) is perform ed fr ont so mm ersa ult with a doubl e twist to a barany. W e understand if he cuts away on the takeoff he will perform it front with a l Ih twist to a back with a full twist. Ei ther way it's quite .a feat. J eff feels Charles Stewart was hi s biggest asset in obtain ing a champion ship team. Stewart started with J elf nin e years ago and placed 4th, 7th , Sth and Sthe in the national championships of 1959, 60, 61 and 62. As other team members came alon g th ey pointed to beat Stewar t. In th e heat of thi s type of. compe tition Jim Bussola ti turn ed a tripl e back somm ersault with a full twi st a nd Frank Schmitz performed tripl e backs in swing. ' Thi s year J eff hopes to bring his team to the Wes tern Gymnastics Clini c in Tucson, Arizona, next December. If he can attend our tea ms will mee t and th e results should be extremely iuterestin g. :::


RECORD OF THE MONTH 5 Ra ndolph s (front sommersault with 2 Yo! twi st ) . Perform ed by Rick Sayers of Burbank , Calif., on a 6' x 12' nylon we b bed . :::



UNUSUAL STUNT OR WILD ROUTINE Tripl e somm ersault with a 1% twist perform ed as foll ows: barany-back-ba ck with full twist. J eff Hennessy re ports thi s stunt was performed by Wayn e Miller of Cath edral Hi gh School, Lafa yette, Loui siana.

How to rat e members accordin g to th eir a hility and kee p tra ck of th eir progress is one of th e probl ems of ma intainin g a trampolin e tea m. We a ttempted to accompli sh thi s with a seri es of cont es ts but had poor res ults. So me members too k th e cont es l" fa r too se riou sly and oth ers wouldn ' t ent er. E" eryo ne enj oyed cont es ts held for ful' but wh en we atte mpted to use the sam e co nl ests 10 det e rmin e top club me mbers th ere were argum ents and hard feelin gs. We were in search of so me thin g more satisfactory wh en we decided to rat e tri cks by points according to th eir diffi cult y. Us in g thi s point system members are rat ed by th e number of points they obta in and are competing against each other without winn in !! or losin g contes ts. . On th e next page yo u wi ll find charts co ntainin g rat ed advanced tri cks. Some mav see m over or und er r ated, accordin g to personal opinion , but thi s is not importanl sin ce the amount of points give n to a Iri ck is as fair for one pe rform er as it is 10 an oth er. Th ere are many tri cks listed thaI. are of no use in co mpe titi on but are extremely valuabl e as a groundwork for bi g tri cks. A perform er accompli shin g all of the tri cks li sted will learn to twi st in almost every position and will be able to work off to stoma ch, ba ck and fee t. S in ce there are so man y tri cks to choose from , no matter how swift ly a perform e r progressed th ere are always half a dozen tri cks ju st barely out of r each to challenge him. To obtain poinls (o r qualify tri cks) a perform er must swin g into and out of a tri ck with one or more chart li sted tri cks. Example : som e of th e many ways to -obtai n one point for a tucked ba ck flip are; back-ba ck-back, ba ck-back-front , barany back-front, back-back-P,4, front. etc. Sin ce tricks are only quali fied once they should be performed with goo d form , th e fin al somm ersault of the three tri ck routin e being co mpleted under control and to a feet, stomach or back landing position. These po int charts for ad-vance tricks are the second part of a three part program for trainin g trampolini sts. The basic fundam ental chart was pre$ented in last month's issue and the third part of the program , which deals with routines, will be presen ted in a future iss ue. In the next few iss ues we will go in to detail on our method s of teaching tri cks.

Any News? Send news of interest to trampolinists to J ess Robinson , c/o Trampoline Inc. , 4207 West Magnolia Blvd., Burbank, Calif. :;:










<:l ~ ~


::5 2





3 4











































I ';" BACK I ';" FRONT















13 16















20 9

18 9






~ l-




~ ....

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9 10


















11 "I I























20 17

12 15

12 11

8 9














9 8













~ ....


"~ "



~ ....











Copyright Trampolin e Club Manual-1960

~ .... ~ ::> 0







~ ....





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::> 0

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Double to Stomoch or Bock


Doub le to Feet

19 17 13 22 20 16 28 26 24 20 33 31 27 -

Triple to Stomoch or Bock Triple to Feet




Definition of Terms Used in Advanced Point Program AR ABIAN FRONT-A lh twi st to a front fli p performed from feet to feet. BACK- Backward flip_ BACK PULLOVER- Landing in back drop position and pullin g legs over head to feet or other landin g position _ BALLOUT- Front sommersault from back drop position to feet. BA RANY - Front so mmersa ult with II:! twist with eyes never losin g sight of bed_ BARANY BALLOUT-A baran y from back drop position to fe et. CODY-A back so mmersault from th e stomach. CORKSCREW- A back drop, forward takeo ff Ilh twist to ba ckdrop. CRADLE BACK- Back drop forward tak eoff with 112 twi st to back sommersault. DOUBLE BACK- Two back sommersault s completed in the same bounce from feet to feet.

DOUBLE FRONT"':'Two front somm ersaults co mpleted in the sam e bounce from fee t to feet. DOUBLE PORPUS-A do uble front sommersault from back to back. FLIFFIS- A trick that contain s a leas t two co mpl ete sommersa ults and lh or more twi sts. FLYING FLIP- A flip that is composed of two parts; a prolungeu swa n pusiti un into a tuck or piked sommersault. FRONT- Forward flip. FRONT 1%-A double front somm ersau lt from feet to back position. lONA BACK- Half twist to a ba ck sommersault. KABOOI\1- A so mm ersault don e from back, stoma ch or sitting position where the initiation of the sommersa ult is derived from the legs striking the bed immediately fo llowin g initial body co nta cl.

LA YOUT - Arched position of the body with legs strai ght and together. F4 BACK- A backward sommersault from feet to back drop position. 1% FRONT- A forward sommersault fr om feet to stomach. OPEN PIKE- A pike position with arm s full y extend ed out to sid es. PIKE- J ack-kn ife positi on of the body wi th legs straight and together, bod i' bent at wai st. PORPUS-Forward so mm ersault from back drop position to back drop positi on. SID E FLIP-A con1plete sid e sommersault of the body. SW AN DIVE- A front dive don e in layout position. :jt~ BACK- Back sommersault from feet te stomach. TUCK- Ball-like position of the body witt hand s on shins pullin g knees to chest.


"'WHAT'S TH E SCORE?" By Jerry Wright Gymnastic Coach San Fran cisco S tate College

CALENDAR OF EVENTS No. 16- Berkeley "Y" Invitational Age Group Berk eley High- 9 A.lVI. Nov. 30- Camelli a Bowl Invitational Sacramento State-7 :30 P.M. Dec. 7-San Francisco State Invitational SF State College- l P.M. Dec. 25·31- National Gymnasti cs Clinic Sarasota, Florida Dec. 2·5·31- Western Gymnasti cs Clini c Tu cson, Arizona Mar. 14--State College Champ ionships lCa lif. ) Sa n Fernand o, Calif. M'ar 21- Wes tern Intercoll eg iates Tu cson, Ar izona Mal'. 26·28- NCAA Los Angeles State College

H eid e

ALL · AROUND CHAMP Dear G l enn :

At th e N.C.A. A. ~;Y lllnil :-; ti c m ee l ill A Ibuq u el'qu e yo u t ol d Bob th a t if h e WOII th e a ll- around ~,\re\V l\'Iexif.:o hi g h s<: h~)(, 1 s t a t e g'ynllHl.stic lll E'e t that you would pu t his pi c tu} 'e in i\ ) od e l'll C Ylllllil :-:l. Duh k eep!'> r e mindi ng" m e o f thi s, and :-:0 W I;' fin a ll y h aye a ))i ctlll'e to se n d t o yo u . Cordi a ll y your s,

J oseph F_ D it" lc..;o n Athl et i c' Direc t o r

Eastern New ~ r ex il- o :--:n i \"_ Po rta les, )J e 'v l\Ie xic o ED . Always pleased to publish photos of up·an.coming All-Around champs .

F'I'e iblll'g- Un ive rs ity wh e re s h e und e rw e nt severa l yea l'!':i t l'ai nin g as an in ~t l ' ll cto r und e r 'th e g-u id a nce of th e fa nl Ous c oa c h <1 11 (1 lIn ive nd ty s po rts dir ec tol'Vo lc1 e m::t1' Ge rschl e r _ S h e i s ~5 year s of age a nd has i n mind a teachin g j ob fo )' p e rh a p ~ Ge rm a n o r P hys ica l Tra inin g-. H e ide is n ot o nl y a s po rts in s tru ctre~~ but ha s qualifi ed n~ a t eaC]l er o f E n g li s h ( in t hi s c.') lIn tI'Y) as w ell a nd i s ju s t

f ini s h in g- Ilh yea rs t l'a ining as a t eac h e lo f Phys i ca l Tra inin g a nd E n g l ish f or " R eal schul en," a t ype o f sch ool in t hi s

country b e tw ee n e le l11ent a ry sc ho ol a nd hig h sch o ol ( Le _ wh a t i s ca ll e d g raml11 a r sc hoo l in Brita in)_ S h e is full y unive r s ity ed llcated wh ic h sh o ulc1 qu a l if )' h f'1' V! teach Ge nf'l an a l so _ Very s in ce re ly you r s , Dr. R einh a rd B ec l{er , Ge rm a ny Editors note : Any schools who m ay be interested in further info,'mation concerning this highly qualified instructres s shoulJl contact Miss Heide Becker, 498 BuenlJe , Heidk a mstr. 10, Gel' many.




D eal' G l enn:

1962 - 63:

H e re i ~ so m e s tatist ica l infol'll1ation on X o n nlYs to p g-Y lnnas t (\\"h o we 111 e t and work ed o ut w ith n t th e s po rts :-:>c hool in Co log n e , Germ a n y) Age Storha ug _ H e i s 25 yea r s o f ag'e (si n g l e) 5 ft . 10'h in c h es

USGF ........ 107.6 ..... 106.3 .................. .. 104.3 ..... ............ . 83.75

L 2. 3. 4.

Art Shllrlo ck Tom Seward Rusty lVIitchell Gl en Gal is

L 2. 3. 4.

NAAU ...... .............. 111.90 Makato Sakamoto .... .. 110.50 Greg Weiss ....... ..... 110.25 Armando Vega ..... 109.45 Don Tonry

ta ll , w eighs 150 pou n ds. Age

Gil Larose Fred Orlofsky Arno Lascari Tom Seward ... Ru sty Mi tchell Terry Hal e ..... e v e n ts _ __ I n hi s trainin g- sc h ed ul e h e now concentra tes o n 3 or 4 e \- e n ts e ac h ,v,o rk o u t

... 55.90 .. 53 .50 .......53.13 ............... ............53.12 ...53.10 ....................51.30

DID YOU KNOW THAT: In the first National Gym nastics Cham· pi onships l from 1888·1921) the rules reo quired a gymnast to perform different option al routines on each apparatus and that th ere were no compulsories until 1927 ! :;,



Hal Frey (competin g then for P enn State) captured th e Eastern Intercollegiate Conference All· Around title in 1944 with a broken foot!

spen ding- at l eas t a h a l f h a ul' on eac h apIHl l"at us w ith a 10 to 15 minu te ,vann up ]l eri od. He u su a ll y \\' o rk ~ ou t 4 0 1' 5 t i mes

eH(: h week_ As a n occ upa tion h e ,yo rk s in eco no nli cs and w he n he retires fro l11 c0 111pe tition Age ex pects to ca rryo n as a n .offici a l o r


jucl ge

D ea l' MI'. Sunclh y: It i.s a lway s a :-;pecia l pl ea!':i ul'e to In e w h en I rece ive an edition o f Th e l\.Jod e l'll

Gynlnas t.





,,'h en

th ~

Sept ember 1963 number a rr i ved w i th its m a n y fin e sh o t s t a ken at the D eu tsc h e, TUl"nf est in Essen, 1 was pa rti c ula l'l y pl eased t o find th e pictures at t h e bot· tom o f p age 16. Bo th Dr. Goehl er a nd Riehard Reu th er a r e g'ood fri en d s o f min e, and th e sa m e appli es to N i c k S tu n rt. A , a mntter of fact I posted a l e tter to him

thi s nl o rning- nHlking- s ugges tio ns how to get




h nb i t


r el ea sing

ju st

a littl e too ea l'l y w h e n do ing th e fl y ing h ac k roll o n th e parall el bars.

The free exercise event was cont ested in a 20 ft x 20 ft ,~ quare unti~. 1954 !

CHANGING YOUR ADDRESS? If so please notify us 6 weeks in advance . Supply us with both your old and new address, including aldress label from current issue if possible. Copies we mail to your old address will not be delivered by the Post Office unless you pay them extro postage. MAIL ADDRESS CHANGE TO : THE MODERN GYMNAST, BOX

611, SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA. Be sure to include your city postal zone or Zip number.


, tarte<l

fro m 1958 unlil 1962. H i s f avo e eve J1t ~ now a re Fl oOI- Exerc ise and S id e H o rse . O n e yea I' h e tra in ed 70 pel' cent of t he ti m e o n t h e Sid e Ho r se to ge t good in that eve nt (Up ,' t il th en it was a w ea k e '-e n t fo r hinl ), now it is o ne o f hi s

NCAA L 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

f ir ~t

in Gy mnastics at a. 10<.:al gynl c lub an d hi s fir st inte l' estH w e l'e Tu nlb lin g a nd va u ltin g w ith tlllnbling h is favori te _ S to l'haugwas th e :\'"ol'w eg-ia n A ll -A round Ch anl pio n

By th e way, it was ll1 Y da ug hte r Heid e who s ugges t e d tha t Th e IVlodern Gy rnnast s h o uld use 111 0 1'e a c tion pi ct ures and les:-.: g roup s hots. I quit e rea li ze y ou ca nno t bring as In An y Action ph otos a s you wou ld like to. 'rh e reaso n s a re obv i o u ~, Tht.:' ntunbel' of actio n pi c tures in each iss u e h as

b ee n

ver y

co n sid er abl e.

St ill ,

th ·~

nlOI'e acti on picture!':i th e be t ter , sequ e nce pi ct ures in p a rti c ula r. I esp ec i a ll y l ookin g 'forwarcl to t h e


w innin g routin es o f the W orld Univers it y Sport s

C hampi on ships


B r az il


yo u a nn ou nce fo r t h e n ext edition _ In thi s co nte xt , I a rn nnl Rze d hIQ'v yo u nl a n agp t o c ram su c h a wea lth o f u se fu l i nform a -

tion in to each issu e. M y dau g hter H eid e as k s m e to inquire wh e ther you cou ld g i ve h er a dvice abou t th e p ossi b ili ty o f a tea c hin g j ob in so m e. H igh Sch ool 01' Coll ege in the States. A s you will r emember sh e sp ea k s E n g li sh flu entl y. S h e i s a sports in s tru ctr ess with


var ie ty ,o f s kill s s uc h as gynlnast ics,

ca li s th eni cs, trac k a nd fi eld sports, skiing , r ow in g a nd ga m es . Sh e i s ~ g r a du a t e of _


a c lub _

p er h aps h el p o u t by coac hin g in

Sin ce l'el y ,

George H e ry lJ n i YPI'!--;jO· of Iowa

ACCEPTED D e a l' G le nn : W e th o u g h

PEN-PALS in te r ested

D e al' MI'. Sundby, A f te r r ea-di n g' yu ur wa n del'f ul rnaga z ine

und e r t h egu id a n ce of

an d w h a t y o u h a\'e w rit te n o f new u nder stan din g and f r i e nd s hip bet w een gy m n as t s i n va ri o u s a r t i c l es , an d see in g th E:

yo u

mi g ht


in a prog r ess r e p o rt fr o m Indi ana :Hig h Sc h ool Gy mnas ti cs . Aft er

o n e yea r

t h e I HSGCA, a coa c h es orga ni zat ion, t h e pl'ogn l 1l1

wa s

prese nte d


th e

Indi a n a

Hi g h Sch ool At hl e tic A ssoc iat io n an d w as

a ccepte d as a var s ity s p o r t in In d ia n a .

T hi s s h o ul d o p e n up t h e s p o rt in lndi a nn. W e h ave a l o ng' w a y t o go to catc h up ' v ith so rn e 0 fth e o th er s t a t es , b u t thi:-; n ew s upp ort w ill e nab le u s t o pro gT e~s mu c h fa ~ t e L Gy mn aR ti ca lly,

R o n a ld '~Te i ss P I路es .. IHS GC A

c lasses .

fr om the pictured.

seemi ngl y

w o u ld b e p oss ibl e f o r yo u to ge t l11 e an Am eri ca n Gy rnn as t g"irl . age d 15 t o wr i t e to :1 H a p e n - p a l. IVr a ny o f ill Y o\\"n fri end s


b e lo ng i ng t o gym c lub s in Ne w Zeala nd

we r e a s e nthu s i as ti c OVel' t h e id ea as r was, and w o uld ver y 111u c h lik e t o co n 'es 路路 p o nd p er so n n ll y w ith Ame ri ca n GY l111l as t s

t oo . Th e ages of th ese New Zeala n de r s ra n ge fr o m a b o u t 12 t o 20 years, so if I

V e r y l nany t h a nk s,

YO llI'S ? in ce r e ly . Ri c ki ~1a rtin 7 M c F a r la n e S t., Hamilton , No rth I s lan d, Ne w Zea la n d ED . Would you lik e t o be a g y mn as ti~ p e n pal an d exc hang e le tt e r s w ith a gym nast of your own age in a n oth er part of


name, a ge and address to : IIM.G. PenPals " and we wi ll exchange your letter

with anot h er gymnast in a different c it y

Ed. Th ese are very adva nced b a la n c ing pyr a mids but we do hope some of o ur a nd


the ' co untry or w orld ? Th e n se nd

Si n cer e ly, G e orge L ong D eca t e , Calif.


fri e nd ly fa ces of t h e ph otogn 'lp h e d g irls a nd b oys, I d ec id ed t o w ri te a nd as k if it

co uld ,v r ite t o a pe nf r iend s h e路 In ay be w illing' t o ge t h e r fr ie n ds to w ri te to t h ese en thu s iastic N . Z. G~' nlnasts.

PYRAMIDS D ear G le nn: While loo king- through a n o ld pho t o a lbum I r a n ac ross this pic ture of t h e Ponios Troupe a nd th o u g ht m a ybe som e fo t h e M. G . r eaders wou ld li k e t o t r y so m e of t h ese p y r a m id s in th e ir gy m


Frank Endo




impo ss ibl e

s tunt s

or country wh o h as m a d e a sim il ar re-

quest. Please state city , s t a te or co untr y preference and includ e extra post a ge to cover forw a rd i ng .

The f ines t all-aro und g y m nasti c canva s shoes availa b le t oda y . Wo rn ' by U,S. a nd Internat iona l

Ch a mpio n s.

El a st ic


ac ross th e t op prov ides f o r that per fec t snug fit a nd a ppe ara nce . So les made o f long-wear ing white ru bber. O rde r same size as you r str eet sh o es o r d raw o u t l ine of foo t o n pape r f o r co rrec t size. In w h it e

only. Al l s izes, Price is $2 .5 0 per pai r , ppd,

OTHER PRODUCTS W OME N 'S GY M SHOES ........ $2.15 pro ppd. Canv as w ith leather soles. Sizes 2 - 10 .

NYLON ST RETC H SOCKS ..... $2.00 pr o ppd. Wo r n by r ingmen, rope

cli m bers, etc. W h ite only. Fits all s izes.

COTTON GYM SHIRT .......... $2 .95 ea. ppd .

Has adjustable su ppo rte r f lap with bu tt ons. W h it e in co lor. State chest size.

ALL-LEATHER SHOES .... .. .... $ 4.00 pro ppd.

LEATHER HANDGRIPS ... ...... $ 1.40 pro ppd . (GOOD )

As illustra ted ab ove . Sm a ll , Med ium & Large.



.... $ 1.75 pro ppd.

Mode ent irely f ro m o ne pc. o f white leath er.

CHAMPIONSHIP HANDGRIPS .... ...................... $2. 00 pr o ppd.

( Best) Worn by Internati o na l Champ ion s.

WHITE STRETCH' PANTS .... $ 9.50 pro ppd. New s t yle pants fo r ' 64.

Kn itted fa b ri c with elastic wais t ban d. State waist and in seam measurements.

NYLON GYM PANTS .... .. ... $ 14.25 pro ppd .

Fi nes t stret ch pa n t s. Hu nd reds so ld in ' 63. Wh ite in colo r . St ate mea surem ents.

IMMEDIATE DELIVERY Write for free brochure



12200 S. Berendo Los Ange les 44, Col if.





Be'dard - A name long known in the field of gymnastics.



M.G. BILLBOARD USED GYMN EQUIPMENT: I Medart Side Horse wit h wooden pommels-$150.00, Medart Paral lel Bars-$150.00, Ame ri can 5 x 10 f olding Trampo line with I " web .bed and spr ings-I 7 5 .00. Contact Ve rne ' Evans 1034 Casa He rmasa Dr., Pomon~, C",lifornia: USED GYM EQUIPMENT, like. new. Private party. Parallel Bars, Impo rted; cast $629 .00; sell $425 : High Bars, Import ed; cost $569; sel l $385.00: Trampoline, large, cost $ 159.; se ll $ 100.00: Judo Tumbl ing mat, Extra la rge , cost $400.00; se ll $200.00: Chin Bar $25 .00. Mrs. Hannah Nanney, 6509 Marcon i St ., Hu ntington Park . California.



WOR'LD CHAMPIONSHIPS: Films o f the Wo rld Gymnasti c Championships in Prague are now a vailable in 8mm ree ls . $35 f or a 400 ft. reel. Complete set (4 reels) $ 12 5.00 . For purchase or further

tact : George C. Kunzle, 67 Eastern Road, Selly Oak, Birmingham 29, England .

SKILL : The J ournal of Athletic Tec hnologyWeig htl ifting, Circus, Handbalancing Instruct ion, Karate, Figure C;o urse , Boxing , Wrestlir)g , Body-Building and , ma ny other features. Pu bl ished by Ken Woodward Schoo l o f Ph ys ical Culture , 61 Talbot Road , Blackpool,


England .



fo r $1.50, 8 issues for $3.00. In U.S.A. order from Sportshelf, P. O. Box , New Rochelle, New York.

M.G. BJLLBOARD M. G. BILLBOARD : Do you ha ve someth ing . to sE!1l? New or Used . Place an ad in the . M. G. BILLBOARD fo r quick results , Jus t $2 .00 a line (Minimum Ad $6 .00 ). M. G. BILLBOARD, Box 611 , Sa nta Mo nica .



information , con -

PHOTO BALANCING COURSE : This course shows you all the different wa ys to pressup to a hands tand and to do such ad va nced balances a s Tiger-Bends, one-hand bal.ances, Pirouettes and Planches. Send just $1.00 to: PHOTO BALANCING COURSE, P.O" Box 61 1, Santa Monica, Cali f . Tn< GYMNAST : The Ofticlei Magazine o f the Amateur Gymnastic Association o f Great Britain. Filled with News, Results , Photos and Inst ructi on o f g ymna stics in Great Britain and the Contine nt. Publish ed quarterl y. Send $1 :00 for a year ' s 'subscription to: J . P. PRESSTIDGE , Glenwood, The Park , Sidcup , K~nt , Great Britai~. Order si ngl e copies fr om : M. G. BILLBOARD, Bo x 611 , Santo Monico, Calif .


DEMONSTRATOR &, USED EQUIPMENT Unit Description Price Mat Cover, 22 'x22 ' vlnylgood condition ... ....... ....... ...... . 65.00 Parallel B,u Ralls, 10' new, ~llghtly warped ..... .. ....... ..... .... .. . 19.95 Parallel Bar Rall~, 11' -6" steel core, demo n s trators ... ....... ...... . 40.00 Off icial Climbing Ropes, 18' manila No. 282, ~ lIghtly used .... 14,00 Twisting Belt No. 41 5, d e monstrator ... .... : ... ... .. .. .. ............. ..... .... 75.00 Horizo ntal Bar, Combin e d No 180 wlnoor pl a t es (reg. ' $150) .... 90.00 Official Parall e ls No. 151 with 11 '-6" ralls ... ..... .......... .. . ' ·10,00 R p. ut h e r Board ( O ffi c ial s ize ) .. 58 .00 Tra mlJoli"ne, Offlcia l ---.:.F la~ htold w l web bed , e abl es, and roller ~tands, d emons t ra t or (Reg.. $_~10) ... .... . ,......... :... .. ,," ': .':" 395.00 Gymnastic Pants No. P -56 (catton) Slightly ~oil e d (reg. $5.80) State In~e a.m length .. .. ... ....... .. . .... 3 .00 GYNlnaH tic Pants NO. P-57 (knit) Slightly soi led (reg. $9. 50) State inseam le ngth . 5.00 All Items F.O.B. S an Pedro, <:allf. and su bjed to ' prlor s a e . Satisfaction Guaranteed on All Items GY.MNASTIC SUPPLY COMPANY; INC. •

P.O. Box 1470, San Pedro, California



excl u sive ly by the gymna~ti,·s· team of Un ivers ity of Ca lifornia, ller.keley. and a t th e :-1orth Ca lifo rnia Gym n astk C am p C linic . $1.66 pro ppd. $18.0Q doz . ppd Sizes Small, Average, a ,- Larg e. Pat. Pend . . A1 ,o J ~I · glliation S ide H o rse b od i e::-s, '. $150 .00 (w ith li ght \\" e ig-ht ("e nt e r ba se ) , $250.00 Ba lan ce ]; ca ll1 S .... $250 .00 ..p" Ba rs ... ..... ............ ....... .....$350.00 (a ll \\" ith e hrroll1 c d ba se ) O"d e r fr o lll L OUIS Perschke 616 Richmond St . EI Cerrito, Calif .

Your School's Physical Fitness Program Begins With The All New


The JR. ALL-AMERICAN" Gymnastics Equipment is BEST for Your Elementary and Junior High Program -- Here's Why! II

IT'S SAFER - Each piece designed specifically for this age group. IT'S STRONGER Built entirely of Lifetime Steel. IT'S DURABLE Can be used outdoors. Attractive Aqua Blue capaloid coating protects each piece of equipment . IT'S PORTABLE - Two students can move any piece easily. . slips through any standard door. IT'S ECONOMICAL to buy and mairtain . Order functional, health-building All-American gym equipment now!

"Jr. All-American Gymnastics Equipment has proven itself in my program. I have found it to be of the finest construction and highly recommend it." EARLE W. DUGGAN Physical Education Instructor Wallace Elementary , School Des Moines , Iowa

Write for our 1963 School Catalog

American Athletic Equipment Co. JEFFERSON, IOWA -

U. S. A.

Whith is most important?

&[fJ[fJ~&OO&\ill@~ OR

[fJ~OO~@OO[)lli&\ill@~ CV o At Gym Moster, we're concerned with mo're than making the "best looking" equipment. Our basic concept behind every design for every piece of gymnastic equipment has always been to provide the most effective, most functional, most durable and certainly the very safest apparatus possible. Superior features are immediately apparent to the gymnast. We can honestly soy that once a coach or a performer has TRIED Gym Moster equipment-he has preferred it over any other type available! This choice-by-comporison has been proved at countless me~!.:t..z,.---­ and clinics held throughout

1 "'"'i







We invite YOUR comparison.


In foet, we urge you-to TRY before- you BUY any equipment. W~d be happy to send you the nome of -our nearest distributor who will arrange for you to personally test any piece of Gym Moster equipment you specify.

~ 0 :s













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~ -




. ~7W~~


.." g CD....

COMPANY 3200 S. ZUNI ST., ENGLEWOOD, COLO. exclusive sales for products of FENNER-HAMILTON CORP,

*TM Reg.




::t= ~ ... Z 02. , .


Y' c: .." r-

Q "".

o 0 ..,. ~ • III -t>1 G N _ -O ~ rU1 ~ m



Tlte World's Largest Une of Trampolines-F;.eJf Quality Gym.aJfic Apparatus

C ."

Profile for USA Gymnastics

Modern Gymnast - October 1963  

Modern Gymnast - October 1963