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December

1962

Volume 4- Number 9

CONTENTS Notes From The Editor . ..... . ....... 5 Chalk Ta lk ....... . .... . ........... . 6 San Francisco Invitational ...• ........ 8 Swedish Cup ..... . ..... . ........ . . . 10 Sokol Slot . ........... . ..... ... .. ... 11 Gymnastics in Phy. Ed . . ... . ......... 18 Floor Calisthenics .............. ( .. .. 21l Helpfu l Hints ............ . .... . ..... 2"2 Meet Results ... .. .... ; ... . ......... . 23 Gym Forum .. ... ... ......... ... ... . T4 Van Dixon Films ............ . ....... 26 S.C.G.A. Gym ' Calendar ........ . . . ... 27 Letters .... ... .... . ................. 28

USCF OFFICERS: L eft to fight - Dick Cia"s,,", Dr . DOli Boydstol!, Bud Marquette and Glenn Sfl1Zdb)"

NOTE S. · FROM THE EDITOR DA TELINE CHICAGO: December 9th, 1962 the UNITED STATES GYMNASTIC FEDERATION (U SGF ) was formally organ ized after two d ays of meetings at the Chicago Sheraton Hotel. DR. DO ALD BOYDSTON, Direc tor of Athletics at Southern Illinois University, was elected President of the new organ iza tion. Other officers included vice president (men) GLENN SUNDBY, Director of the Ameri can Physical Fitness Institute, Santa Monica, Calif. ; vice president (wom en) CLAYTON MARQUETTE, Director of gymnastics, Lakewood Recrea tion D ept. , Long Beach, Calif. ; and Secretary-treasurer M . R . C lausen, Director of Athletics at th e University of Arizona . Th e new Fed era tion was formed to allow all organizations directly connected with gymnastics an opportunity to have a voice a nd vote in d etermining and establishing policies affecting the sport both domestically and internationally . AGC , CAA, NFSHAA , NJCAA , WNGA (Women 's . . . The Natl. Gym. Assoc. ) and the American Turn ers are cha rter members. Other organiza tions in attendance an d expressing interest in th e movement expecting to forma lly become members in the nea r future were the American Sokols and the proposed NGA (Natl. Gym. Assoc.) . It is hoped that other Na tional Organizations who were invited such as the Swiss Turners, th e YMCA , AAHPER and others who did not a ttend will become members shortly.

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COVER: Art Shurlock demonstrating a few of the standar-d Floor Calisthenic moves. (See page 20 for further mo ves) Max J . Ruderian ..... . . . . .. Publisher G lenn Sundby . . . .... .. ..... . . Ed itor Feature Contributors: .Art Shurlock, Ollie Asqew, Rudy Bachna, J im Farkas, A. B . Frederick and Ken Hollis.

•••••••••• • ••••• • ••••••• THE MOD E RN GYMNAST is published in the U.S.A. by AMERICAN Physical FITNESS Research I.NSTITUTE, Inc., ni ne issues for $3 .00, 35c the Single copy.

All pictures and manuscripts submitted

become the property 'of THE MOD ERN GYMNAST unless a return request and sufficie nt postage are

included. Published material becomes the property of THE MOD ERN GYMNAST. Copyright 1962 by A,MERICAN Physical FITNESS Research INSTITUTE , Inc., 410. Broadway, Santa Monica, Calif. .

ABOVE is the forma l press release from Chicago. To add a bit I wou ld just like to mention that CHET PHILLI PS, HERB VOGEL, JOE G I ALLOMBARDO, CHARLES POND & CHAR LES CALHOUN were selec ted to serve on the Executive Council along with the officers. The Committee on Committees was voted upon and carried as fo llows: Chairman, GENE WETTSTONE ; PAT CULLEN, HERB VOGEL, CLIFF FAGAN, JACK MacKENNETH, PAUL F I NA, ED MOROKOWSKY, ANDREW DOYLE, GOR DON MADDUX, GEORGE SZYPULA, JAKE GEIER and HAL FREY. . . . This is just th e beginning . . . and there is a lot of work a head . .. Selection of an Ex ecutive Director . .. print r evised edition of USGF Bookle t . . . Select site alld competition structure for USGF National C hampionships . . . and much more .. . BUT! . . . Th e USGF is no longer a DREAM shared by a lew .. . IT IS A REALITY! . . . and a VOICE . .. for EVERY GYMNASTIC G R OUP in th e UNITED STATES OF AMER I CA.

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NEXT EDITION: A BI G DOUBLE EDITION -OF THE M.G . . . . with more pages, pictures, instru ctions and articles .. PLUS . . . all the fac ts, and future plans of the USGF .. . This will be a Big SPECIAL Edition that everyone will want to keep. So Resubscrib e now! if your subscription has run out and tell all your friends who a re not subscribers to get on th e Bandwagon for Gymnastics. As all of YOUR Subscriptions are a VOTE for more Gymnastic Acton and Publicity for GYMNASTICS thru THE MOD : ERN GYMNAST. THE ONLY COMPLETE and R eg ular source of Gymnastic news and instruction in America today.

5


. BEN PR ICE MEMORrAL MEET

One of the Top Southern California All-Around Competitions will take place on Feb. 2nd at 8 p.m~ a t Pasadena City Coll ege. A capacity crowd is expected so come early to get a good seat to see one of th.e biggest an d best meets of the n ew season . Bob Lynn will be the defen ding C h ampion.

OKLAHOMA CITY INVITATIONAL

NAMES 'N NEWS

MARGARET KORONDI , 1952 Olympic Gold Medal Winner, fr om Hungary is now in the Los Angeles Area a nd wi ll be teaching some gymnastic classes for women at the Santa Monica YWCA, the Pasadena "Y" as well as some other "Ys" in the vicinity. Margaret will also be doing some instru c tion a l writing for the M.G . along with some priva te teachi ng at our American Physica l Fitness R esea rch Institute at 410 Broadway, Santa Mon ica, Calif. ... The J an ua ry ed ition of Pageant magazine has a wonderful spread of Gymn astic pictures taken at the World Championships by FLIP SC H ULKE. Sorry we can' t say th e same for the unfortunate derogatory con1ments concern in g hi gh school a nd college gym n astic programs attributed to JERRY HARDY in the accomp a nying text .. COACHES' ASSOCIATION

. The In d ia na High School Gymnastic Coaches' Associat ion was recently formed at Ball Sta te Teachers' Coll ege, Muncie, Indi ana. Th e organization was formed so the sport wou ld h a\'e gO\'ernin g rul es a nd also could be acce pted by the I ndiana High School .A thletic Association. Officers were elected. R on Weiss and Don K assen, both gymnast ic coaches from In d ia na High Schools, were elec ted as presi dent a nd secretary, respectively. Indi a na's state high school gymnastic meet is held in Marcr at Intli ana Un iversity.

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF GYMNASTICS COACHES JOI N

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SAM BAILIE Gymnastics Coach University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona

An Oklahoma City I nvita tional Gymnastic Meet, spol)sored by the Y .M.C.A. a nd the OKLAHOMA C ITY TW I STERS will be held Friday a nd Saturday a t the Central Branch YMCA , F ebruary 22nd a nd 23 rd . Competition will be for both men and women. Competitors wi ll en ter one of the three age divisions: Twelve and under, over twelve but under sixtee n , sixteen and older. The first three p lace winners in the two younger divisions may also compete in the sixteen and older division . ( If there is enough in terest, a special division is pla nned for the older girls who h ave h a d relatively little competitive experience. For more information please write to : D ean Farris, Assoc. Phy. Dir., Dept. of Phy. Ed., YM.C.A., 125 No. W. 5th St., Okla homa City, Okla homa .

路SCHENECTADY (NYl TO HOST NATIONAL GYMNASTIC MEET

One of the finest ti tle meets in th e history of the 路 ancient Olympic sport is exp ected when the Schnectady (NY) YMCA plays h ost to the 1963 Na tiona l YMCA Gymnastic ch ampionships on April 20, 1963. Entries for the top-notch event will include some 125 to 150 of the country 's best a thletes. The gymnasts, many of whom have their sigh ts set on a 1964 World Olympic team berth, are expected from Chicago, Fort Wayne, D ayton, Baltimore, as well as both the East and West Coas t areas. M ee t Direc tor Rodman R oberts, gymnastic commissioner for the New York State YMCA's, has lined up a formidable meet committee. The local committee includes some of th e top men in nation a l gymnastic circles. Heading th e contingent of officials will be .Tom Moloney, gymnastic coach of the Un ited States Military Academy at West Point. The Army mentor, who wil " a ct as superior judge, will be assisted by an array of compe tent and experienced offic ials. Eight events, includ ing the six International even ts, will be includ ed in the competition . The Intern a tional events are the Side Horse, Long H orse, Horizonta l Bar, Parall el Bars, Still Rings and Free Exercise. Th e Rope C lim b and Trampoline will complete the compe tition. Rebound T umbl in g, incid entall y, is expected to become an I nternational event in the not too distant future. Among the more promising young gymn as ts who won ational YMCA titles last year a t New Britain, Conn ., and who are expected to defend a re Ed I sabelle, Bob Smith a nd Howard Pontu ck. I sabelle, a high sch ool senior last year, captured the All-Around champoinship which includ ed the parallel bar title. H e is from Springfield, M a ssachusetts. Smith , who counted fo r the Germantown, P a ., team champs, highlighted the '62 ch ampionships with superlative wo rk on both the hori zontal bar and side horse. Pontuck of the Brooklyn Central YMCA was an ou tsta nding ' performer in th e floor exercises where : h e impressed th e judges enough to loom as a major threat in this particular event. Site of the Schenectady meet will be the sevenmi lli on dollar Linton High School, on e of the most modern school plants in th e country. Facilities a t Linton include an a uxiliary gymnasium whi ch will be us ed for pre-comp etition warm-ups- an effort being made by the ' committee to eliminate unnec路 essary d istraction from the actual compe tition in the main gym. In addition, all even ts will be contested on the latest in equipment.


Regulation YMCA championship medals will be awarded to the first, second and third place finishers in the individual events. In the All-Around competition, first through sixth place will receive medals. A team championship trophy will be awarded the organization scoring the greatest number of points with trophies going to second and third place teams also. In terest in gymnastics in the Schenectady area, especially among the younger enthusiasts, has increased by leaps and bounds over the past few years. High school athletic programs, heretofore limited to the major team sports, are now flooring gymnastic teams. This new found interest, .a lone, should assure the 1963 YMCA meet a packed gym for the full program of competition. It should further stimulate the projected partit;.ipation of as m any ex~erienced competitors as possible , as . .a source of encouragement to the youngez elemen t. With experienced planning, a competent jUdging and close competition assured, the 1963 National YMCA championships at Schenectady is a "must" for every gymnast in this pre-Olympic year. Prospective entrants may obtain entry blanks or further information from local YMCA's or by writing Rodman Roberts, c/o Schenectady YMCA, Sta te Street, Schenectady, New York. Entries will close April 6. THE 1963 NATIONAL YMCA GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS COMPULSORY EXERCISES FLOOR EXERCISES: Part No . Value I 1.4 From a stand at attention rise on toes lifting arms backward palms inwardi two to three running steps, handspring forwar<l from right foot landi ng on left food (handspring step out ). .4 Step forward on righ t foot a nd immediate dive to forward roll (body and knees bent) to squat stand position. Straighten knees to stand , arms extended sideward. 3 .5 Step forward on right leg lowerin~ arms, swing left leg forward executing scissors kick landing on left leg while circling arms forward and backward . 4 .6 Step out on right foot circle arms downward backward while lowering trunk to horizon tal scale on right leg-HOLD . 5 .3 Raise trunk lowering arms to side, swing left loot forward raising arms forward and upward to half turn right bending right kne.e and left leg extended rearways and lowering hands to £Ioor (single leg circle position). 6 .9 Single leg circle clockwise, 14 turn to right, one additio na l eircle with Ya turn and immediate £lank to rear leaning support position . Lower to seat on £Ioor. . .5 Raise rig ht arm overhead with y. turn left placing hand on £1001'. Bend arms keeping legs straight and execute forward roll to straddle stand, arms extended sideways. 6 . 6 Raise arms overhead bending trunk forward and placing hands on floor and execute bent arms straight leg press to straddle handstand-HOLD . 1.3 Join legs to/lether and execute pirouette to right 9 (y. turn, y~ turn i n handstand position). Lower left leg, straIghten the trunk with a y. turn right, arms overhead . Cartwheel to right to stand on left foot . y. turn to right stepping forward on right foot to kick handstand, straight armsHOLD MOMENTARILY. 10 .4 Bend arms, lower chest to £loor. and roll back to front leaning support. Squat knees between arms a.nd rise to stand. arms extended sideways . 11 . 7 Lilt right leg and execute side scale on left leg, left arm upward and right arm lowered against the body- HOLD . 12 .4 Three-quarter eirel.i ng of right arm (inward) in front of. body, straIghten body, quarter turn fight, arms raised SIdeward, side lunge to right: (bending right knee) , stretch right leg and half turn to right, joining legs, raise to toes of right foot and stretch left foot forward . 13 .6 Two to three running steps to roundoff. 14 .6 Back handspring. 15 .4 Arch jump Lo stand , arms extended sideways, lower arms and come to atten tion.

4

6

8 9

10

1.3 Cirde right leg under left hand and over croup. and under right hand and over ne.ck to rear support. .7 Pass left leg u nder left hand and rearward scissors to ri~ht. .7 Pass eft leg under Ie! t ha nd; pass right leg under ~ht hand and forward scissors to left. ove right leg over neck and around right hand .5 to feint position with both legs forward supported by right hand and straddling left pommel. 1.6 M ove left leg under left hand and over croup and shift left hand to left pommel (under griU with Kr turn to rear support in saddle (simple oore). ove right leg under left hand and over neck to .5 feint position again with both legs forward sup!:.irt br. right hand and straddling right pommel. ove eft leg under left hand a'ltd over neck, with 2.0 ¥2 turn left, passing left Ie, over croup and placing left hand on croup to ront support on croup -left hand on crOllp', right hand on left pommel ~simp le back Stoeckt). .7 ass both legs over saddle and £lank va ult dismount to the right to side stand rearways. 10.0 The exercise may be reversed in its entirety only.

STILL RINGS : Part No . Value 1 1.5 From straight hang, raise legs forward and b ack kip to support. 2 .5 Raise legs for ward to " L " support-HOLD. 3 1.5 Press straight body with bent arms to shoulder stand-HOLD . 4 1.0 Press back to straight arm support and cast for· ward to hang. 5 .5 Swing backward and in locate to bent inve,ted hang. 6 1.0 Front kip to straigh t arm support. . 1.0 Swing legs for ward and drop backward to straIght 7. inverted hang. 6 1.0 L ower to horizontal back lever hang-HOLD . 9 1.0 Dislocate and swing legs to bent inverted hang. 10 1.0 Dislocate and high straddle dismount to stand under rings. 10.0 LONG HORSE VAULT: Vault No. 2 (Squat Vault from Neck) as listed in Annex II 1.0 the c·'Code of Points": .. Vault passing the bent and Jomed legs between hands and then stret~htng the body before the landing , to stand rearways . PARALLEL BAR;;om outer cross stand facing the bars: Part No. Value I I 0 With 2 or 3 running steps , jump for ward wilh . double takeoff, execute glide kip to support. 2 1.0 Swing backward to handstand-HOLD . 3 1.0 Swing fore-downward to bent inverted ' hang and execute cast to upper arm support. 4 1.0 Back uprise straddle legs forward, regrasp with bent arms ;wing backward and cast body backward a'nd layout to upper arm support. 5 1.0 Swing forward and execute high backwa rd roll, regrasp to support. 6 .5 Swing forward , raise legs to " L " position-HOLD . 7 1.5 Press bent arm, bent body, to handstand-HOLD . Swing forward with a Y2 turn right, releasing grasp (Stuetz-Kehre) to upper arm support. 9 ,5 Swing forward and exec.ute fron t uprise . 10 1.5 Swing backward and dismount wit h stra ight body £lying through the handstand position with y. turn right, releasing both hands and regrasping with the fight hand to cross stand . 10.0 The exercise may be wholly or partially re', er..ed. HORIZONTAL BAR: From hand with mixed grip (right hand undergrip ) : Part No . I

2

3

4 5

10.0 The exercise may be reversed only in its entirety.

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SIDE HORSE : Part No . Value 1 1.0 From side .tand frontways at the croup-Right hand on the croup and left hand on right pommel : 1.0 Flank vault mo unt with y. turn left to rear support in saddle, right hand grasping left pommel (Kehre mount) .

7 6 9 10

Value 1.5 Slight swing fore and back , high swi ng forward to back uprise with Y:2 turn right around right arm, swing left leg over bar to straddle in fre e support over bar (regrasping left hand in over grip) . .6 D rop backward, disengage legs and swing forward executing Y2 turn to the right aro und right arm and regrasp left hand in overgrip . 1.0 Swing forward and bring straight legs up and Ibet\\'een hands a.nd execute flank cutaway over hand with undergrip (right hand), regrasping in double overgrip . 1.0 Immediate kip to support. 1.0 Forward hip circle with changing hands to double undergrip,swing to handstand. 1.0 Two forward gian t swings, half turn to right around right arm to overgrip. 6 One and % giant swi ngs backward .6 Come into support and execute hip roll b~ck­ ward. 1.2 D rop kip to % handsLand. 1.5 Straddle dismount to stand rearways. 10.0 The exercise may be wholly or partially reversed.

7


Art Surlock holding piange on Rings during San Francisco Invirational competiton.

SAN FRANCISCO INVITATIONAL REPORT By Art Shurloek

San Francisco Invitational Gymnastic Competition· held at .S.F. State College. Meet director Angelo Festa, gymnastIcs coach S.F. State. Note: 2,000 spectators. Average of 35 gymnasts per event. Dec. 7, 1962. Th e first all around event of the evening was Free~ calesthenics. Armando Vega (Un.L.A.) won the event. His high front semi step-out to round-off flip flop high layout back semi was particularly impressive. Armando was closely followed by 16 year old Paul Mayer of Berkeley Y~CA, who performed very smoothly and in an accomplIshed manner throughout his routine. His tumbling !nount (fro!1t semi, front. handspring, front semi) a.nd dlsmo~n~ (flIp-flop full tWISt back s~mi) were partIcularly dIffIcult. Art Shurlock was thIrd using high back dive half twist to chest roll, double leg circles, and bounce to planche. Points of interest in free-x. Joe Nappi's full twist semi to ·splits, and his straight arm, straight body press from a planche, which was held for 5 seconds before the press, Bob Lynn doing an excellent routine but was so exuberant at finish that he overflipped his layout semi dismount. . . The Side Horse was the . second all-around event contested. James Fairchild (U.S. Alumni) performed masterfully combining some of the most difficult side horse moves, such as moore to Russian moore, reverse moore, hop half turn on end of horse to high layout dismount. Bob Lynn was second with a good performance in this event, Vega third, Beernick (Un. Cal) performed a difficult routine but missed dismount for fourth, Shurlock competing with sprained wrist was fifth. The Horizontal bar was probably the most outstanding event of the evening. Bob Lynn doing very precise work placed first. Lynn used a back uprise straddle over bar and half turn regrasp that is quite unique in U.S.A. competition. Vegar lost points on hi-bar by missing his double fly-away. He was adequately spotted by Jerry Todd, who was quite adept at retrieving lost or misoriented gymnasts. Some of the younger gymnasts, such as Terry Montero (PGC) , Gary Buckner (USC), D . Smith and Rusty Rock (LAGC ), and B. Wolf (PGC) exhibited their true potential on this event, a ll doing excellent routines. Ray Hadley (Cal Alumni) ended with high full twist fly-a-way to place second. Buckner and Shurlock tied for third with Buckner doing strong eagles and high full twist fly-away, and Shurlo c'!< using double rear in middle ofr-outine and ending with higli pike fly-a-way.

8

Terry Montero executed a high hetch vault to win the long horse event. Sowder (HGC) doing a high stool? from croup with a nice body opening to a dead landIng was second. Vega with a long a nd high flying ·hetch was third. Parallel Bars were won by Lynn who did the most impressive routine I have seen him do to date in competition. Lynn used a peach to handstand stutz to handstand, a hi~h back sem! catch, peach b~sket, laya-w~y, fro~t uprIse reverse plroutte, to the highest back semI. off dIsmount I have yet seen in competition. D. GarcI~ (PGC) and Vega tied for 2nd. Shurlock was 4th. RIngs was another breathtaking event. Steve Zahm (Un UC:) finallJ:' sho~ing his adeptness at ring work tIed Nat I champIOn. ~Ill Wolf, Z.ahm did a very difficui t disloca~e shoot to inverted cross (3 sec. hold) then pressed straIght arm up to handstand, back giant swing, maltese, fl ange to cross. Wolf doing an equally · difficult routine left the crowd and gymnasts befuddled as to ~~e best ,of the 2. routines. The judges returned a declSlo!,\ of tIe. Vega also performed a strenuous routine to place third .500 of a poin t behind the winners. Dick Sc~midt (Cal Almuni ) combined good strength and SWIng movement for fourth place. Vega and Lynn fought their way to a tie in the Allaround, Sh,urlock. in his fa v.orite position was third (3 mee~s, 3 thIrds thIS year) .. J Im Armerine (LB) who was consIstently a round 8.5 In each event was ·4th, and Buckner followed closely for 5th. .Tumbling was won by Larry Bette (RA) , 14-year-old wIzard, who performed an ou tsta nding double back, and the rarely seen but often talked about triple twist back some. Paul Mayer was 2nd also doing a high double back somi. Trampoline was won by V. Paul (S.MBC), D . Loskutoff (Un Ca l) was second and Joe Nappi was third Jerry Todd 's PGC wo~the team trophy, and Hai . Frey and Chuck Thompson s Cal Alumni placed second. , Chuck Keeney (UC pe instructor) de'serves acknowledgment for his skillful handling of the micropho~~, an~ a lso Angelo ~esta (meet director) for orgamzIng hIS fIrSt gymnastIc competition, which proved to be very successful. PICTURED (IT RIGHT: Top lefl-RUS I~' Rock, doing a cast front .dlJUloullJ from th e H .Bar.: Top righI-Ste ve Zahm, holdl1lg all in v ert ed cross.: Cent e r-Bob Lynn, 011 a Free SI,raddle; Low~r left-:-Arma7ldn V ega, doing an OlymPIC Cross,' Lower nght- ]lIn Amerine, holding a oll e han d 0/1

Ih e P.Bars.


Stig Lindevall

REPORT FROM SWEDEN 1962 GYMNASTIK eUPEN • FALUN By Ollie Askew

On Friday, Nov. 24th, I travelled to Falun, Sweden, for the " 1962 Gymnastic Cup" competition. It was held in D alarna this. year in celebration of "Gymnastikklubben Aktiv's" 40th year ( 1922-1962). With the' festivi ties which accompanied the competition, plus the gymnastic atmosphere, which is always present a t a big competition, the results were a most wonderful weekend . This was an excellent competition to attend as gymnastic clubs from all parts of Sweden were represented and all levels of ability could be found. Stig Lindevall, SGF ; Evert Lindgren, KFUM ; Leif Koorn , SGF ; Bo Wirhed, SGF; and William Thoresson, KFUM ; to mention just a few; represented Sweden's elite. A total of 33 competitors were entered in Friday's "prelims" which got underway about 2: 30 P.M. Competition in each of the six international events was intense as only the top six went into the "finals." Th ere were mariy fine performances throughout the af· ternoon's competition, and as usual , it was the elit€ which went to th e fin als. It was just a question as to how much the other competitors were beaten-by. For some, this was a proving ground in which they could match their skills against the elite ; others were just "also rans." One young promising gymnast is Solve Lehto who represented Kiruna's gymnastic club (Nona Norden) . Though he didn't make the fin a ls he showed good strength, variety, and difficulty in his routines, however, form and control were lacking. In a few years he should blossom forth for Sweden. . In the prelim competition Evert Lindgren of KFUM, Stockholm was the day's only double winner as he placed first in the Side Horse and Horizontal Bar events with average scores of 9.60 and 9.65 respectively ; these were his strongest even ts. Other first place winners were Erik Rosengren KFUM , Stockholm (9.55) Long Horse; Leif Koorn SGF, Stockholm (9.80) Still Rings; Stig Lindevall SGF, Swckholm (9.45) and Evert Lindgren KFUM, Stockholm (9.45) Parallel Ba rs TIED; and William Thoresson KFUM, Stockholm (9.60) Free Exercise. In almost every case, a 9.00 performance was just enough to place but not very high. The judging, in my opinion, was top-notch consistent, and of international caliber. Each gymnast had to work for his points; 9.50 represented a GOOD routinewhile a 9.70 represented a lmost flawless form. At the conclusion of the first days competition, after the "All Around" points were totalled, Stig Lindevall was "All Around" champion, and winner of the Gymnastic Cup for 1962 with a total of 56.05 points. Evert Lindegren was a close second with 55.95 points. Following is a break-down by events of the "prelims": PRELIM COMPETITION (6 K amp) 6 events Name Club

L.H. Rings P.llar S.H. H.Bar F. Ex .

Total

l. S tig Lindevall SGF ...... . 9.25 9.55 9.45 9.30 9.05 9.45 56.05 2. Evert Lindgren KFUM .... 8.60 9.25 9.45 9.60 9.65 9.40 55.95 3. Leif Koorn SGF ...... . 9.20 9.80 8.95 9.40 8.90 9.25 55.50 4. William Thoresson KFUM ........ 54.85 5. Christer Jonsson GF Fram, H.-borg . . 54.40 6. J an -Ake Fjallby SGF ...... . ..... 53.56 7. Bo Wirhed SGF . .. . ....... . ..... 53 .60

10

On: Saturday night the 40th year festivities were held at the Grand Hotel in Falum, and was enjoyed by all attending. The evening began with dinner, and was fo.1lowed by group singing, dancing and entertainment. Eve:rything was excellent and the fest was carried out in the usual Dalarna fashion. (Yours truly enjoyed dancing with the lovely D a larn a girls and topped the evening off by throwing snow-balls at passers-by. It was 2A.M. i,n the morning.) .. The "finals" competition was held on Sunday (25th) aL2 P.M. Prior to the competition all finalists paraded out onto the floor led by J an-Ake Fjallby of SGF who carried the Swedish flag. Each competitor was, in turn, introduced to the spectators after which time the competition began. Lindgren was in particularly good form during the finals winning both Side Horse and Horizontal Bar with average scores of 9.60 in each event. Stig Lindeva ll placed first in Parallel Bars and was never lower than 4th in any event. (Un-officially he accumulated 56.05 points in the finals for a total of , 112.10 points for the two days of competition.) Other gold medal winners were Leif Koorn (9 .70) 0.0 the Rings, Leif worked smoothly combining difficulty arid fluency in superfluous style ; Bo Wirhed (18 .80) Long Horse, he used a hand spring vaults. William Thoresson in Free Exercise demonstra ted good continuity an d fluency in combining his strength, flexibility, and balance m:>vemeiHs into almost fl awless form. This earned him a 9.70 a nd first place in this event.

FINALS COMPETITION BY EVENTS LONG HORSE I. Bo Wirhed SGF 18.80

2. Erik Rosengren KFUM 18. 70 3. Leif Koorn SGF 18.65 . 4. Stig Lindeva ll SGF 18.45 RINGS I. Leif Koorn

SGF 9.70 2. Stig Lindevall SGF 9.35 3. Hans M adsen SGF 9.30 4. Kenn eth Elfving Hammarbygymn

9.15

PARALLEL BARS

1. 2. 3. 4.

Stig Lindevall SGF 9.55 Evert Lindgren KFUM 9.50 Christel' Jonsson GF fram, H.-borg 9.35 Kenneth Elfving Hammarbygymn 9.05

SIDE HORSE I. Evert Lindgren

KFUM 9.60 2. Christer Jonsson GF Fram, H.-borg 3. Stig Lindevall SGF 9.00 4. Leif Koarn SGF 9.00

HORIZONTAL BAR

l. 2. 3. 4.

Evert Lindgren KFUM 9.60 Bo Wirhed SGF 9.50 Stig Lindevall SGF 9.30 Wm. Thoresson KFUM 9.20

FREE EXERCISE I. William Thoresson

KFUM 9.7-0 2. Stig Lindevall SGF 9.50 3. Evert Lindgren KFUM 9.35 4. Staffan . Carlsson AGF Orebro 9.30

9.15


-

~) -7 ,:., ---=-

--

_c.~-

â&#x20AC;˘ "

.. ~

Starlillg at th e upp er rig};/ hand eonler we fo llow Barbara Ba:zo tl e down Ih e Sokol US" as she do es a cast to a st raddle cir-cle on lh e h it: h bar, dism o llnting over th e lo w bar to comp/et c It er api/ional exe rcise routille used ill th e !lSokol S! e' " rOIllJJ c li/l o n .


ABOVE: Sr. ,\fen , L . to R .- Ear / i~h'Coll 1/dl, Jim

Above: R . to L. Sr. Girls (a ll Ihe Rea m) Caro l Ann S hol t is, Doris Bacll1lQ~ Barbara Bauon e, Dian e Kllr/~ , Barbara Babuska alld Carol C e rve 1lka. Jr. Girls: Barbara j\1o,,,,;s, Sh erry Scha uer and Ell e n Babu ska .

Co-I'n bos, Ed Zamecnik alld ,\1ilan Trllka .

XIV _~O KOL GY MNASTIC . C OMP~TlTI O N SENIOR WOMEN - CHAMPIONSHIP

1.

2.

3.

Bil:zzone, Barbara, SGUS, C leveland·· Dun lavy, Dolores , SGUS, Cleveland Babu s ka, Barbara, Newark SGUS

81.15 77.25 73.90

HIGH D IVI S I ON-WO M E N

1. 2.

Rt'is,

Ed ' Slim, jim ,Wuft'ihi l, K e ll Hl'idler, Richard KilUi, Ed

42. 90 Miller, Carolyn, La,ke Erie SGUS, Cleveland Rajkowski , Jeanne, Lake Erie SGUS, C leve land 37.45

"SOKOL SLEY" ( Gymnastic Festival) Pittsburgh . Pe nnsylvania-June 21·24 . 1962 By Rudy Bachna

J U N IO R G I RLS-C H AMP IO N SHIP

1. Schauer, Sh err y , Lake Erie SGUS, C leve land 2. . Moonis , Barba r a. MCT, McKees port, Pa SGUS 3. Babuska, El len, M,"I Hodza, Newark SGUS

82 .80 82. 75 81. 70

Note: For background of the Sokol M ovement, see M .G. Sept .lOct . 1959 .

HIGH DIVISION-JUNIOR GI R LS

2. 3.

Zuc howski, V\randa, Lake Erie Rossford, SGUS Srh olez, Pauline. East. D ist . Little F e rry, N.J. i\Iarecheck, Carole, Guttenberg SGUS

1. 2. 3.

Dorothy Kotl an. SoJwl Nova Vlast, ASO Carol Magdik, Dist. M.C.T., Leechburg SGUS Geo rgia Jen c i k, Soko l C leveland

1.

Lucille Zu c hows ki, Lake Erie, Ross ford SGUS Linda Schau reI', L a ke Erie, Canton SGUS VivianI\favratil, Ce ntral, Tabor ASO

1.

42 .25 41.50 34.65

S EN I OR WO M EN-LOW DIVISIO N

46.8 46.7 46.2

SENIOR WOMEN-INTERMEDIATE DIVISION

2. 3.

45 .2 44.7

44.2

JUNIOR GIRLS- INTERMEDIATE DIVISION

1.

Mildred Foltyn, Sokol Tabor, Central Dist., ASO E laine Fertig, Dist. Nitra 15VS Bingham t on Marilyn Ryheck, L. StUI' SGUS

1.

2. 3.

Sandra :Moody, Sokol Tyrs ASO Jane Mastny, So.ko l Tyrs ASO Linda Marenc ik, D . A. Sokol

1. 2. 3.

K il n, Richard , Sokol Toronto Gombos, Edward, Tatra, SGUS Zamecnik, Edward, Binghampton, SGUS

2. 3.

46.8 46.8 46.0

JUNIOR GI R LS-LOW DIVISION

46.6 46.1 46 .0

SENIOR MEN - CHAMPIONSHIP

119 .95 117.60 116.40

The Slovak Cymnastic Union Sokol of the United States of America is an organization . of national scope, it has over 200 clubs in the United States and its membership is 25,000. Each four years the S.C .U.S. holds its convention and gymnastic festival. The 1958 event was held at Cleveland, Ohio. This year the Sokol Convention was held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where they celebrated their Centennial (1862 -1962 ) a long with the Gymnastic Festival. . Apparatus competition was held at the Umversity of Pittsburgh Field House on June 22 and 23. Over 800 men and women, junior boys and junior

HIG H DIVI S ION - MEN

Stim, Ed , Homestead, Pa., SGUS 2. . Taylor, Gera ld, Sokol Detro it , ASO 3. Heid ler, Kenneth, Sokol Tabor, ASO

1.

59.35 55 .15 52.35

JUNIOR BO Y S-C HAMPIONSHIP

1.

2. 3.

Polacek, Jerry, Sokol Tabor, ASO Pawl ick, A lick, Sokol Toronto Yablonicky, J e rry , MM Hodza, SGUS

119.90 117.80

115.95

HIGH DIVISION-JUNIOR BO Y S

1. 2. 3.

Duda, Ladd, L. Slur., SGUS Kudlac, Milton, Binghamton, SGUS Gresko, Donald, Bing·h amton, SGUS

1. 2.

Ig·nacio Perez, Dist. M.C.T., Pittsburgh SGUS Ivo Jan Sypta k, Canadian Sokol, ASO Ladd ie Jenicek, Sokol Berwyn ASO Emil .Magdik, Dist. ilLC . T. , Leechburg, SGUS

58.90 57.30

57.30

SENIOR MEN-LOW DIVISION

3.

55.3 54.0 54.0 53.9

SENIO R ME N-I N TE RM EDI A T E D I VIS I ON

1.

Milan Kad lecik, Nitra, Binghamton, SGUS John Cervin, Jr., Sokol Ba ltimore, East. ASO Jo e Bachna, Lake Erie, Cleveland SGUS

1.

2. 3.

Ronald Manning, Soko l Ba lt imore, ASO John Wrab lik, Brookfield, Cent. Dist. , ASO Norbert DuttJinge r, T.J . Sokol, East . Dist. ASO

1.

'SV~ven

2. 3.

54.7 54 .5 51.6

JUNIOR BOYS- INTERMEDIATE DI V ISION

2.

3.

63 .1 62.9 62.4

JUNIOR BO Y S-LOW D I VIS ION

Ment li k, Soko l Baltimore, ASO DIj.Vid Brown, Sokol Toronto, Canadian Sokol J ohh Hale III, Ad irondac k, Johnstown, SGUS K'e\meth Sliva, Sokol Tyrs N .E. Dist. ASO

64 .0 61. 7 61. 7 61.4

Below- Barbara

ntl ~:(l l/C

1962 Se lliur "VOlll e ll 's Champiot/ held at Pills-

0/ lit e 14th Sokol Gymnastics ClwlllpiollsliipJ burgh, Pa.


SO KOL TEA L\! AT VIE NNA : L eft 10 Righi - Rudy Bacll1lu ( T ea m J\1o ll og e r), Dian e Kurl z, D olores Dunla uy, Barbara Babllska. Caro l Cen:c nka. A1a ry K adri k and J o hn Bag el (Coac hes ) . J\1;loII T rnka, Ed Zam ec llik , Ed Gombos, Jim Mll/;.'ihil, aud D r. Pau l Prrd maje rsky ( T eam Ph),sic;all) .

girls took pa rt. The junior group began at age ' 13 to 16, the senior group, 17 and over. The divisions in each class were divided into low, interm ediate, high, and championshiJl . The low, intermediate, and high divisions competed in required exercises only using the international events. The championship division used the required exercises of the high division and also competed in optional exercises in each event. On Saturday evening the awards were presented at a Victory Dance held at the Penn Sheraton Hotel. Awards were present to the first three places in each division and the first three place teams. A team consists of fi ve individuals, and the score is determined by adding the scores of the four highest members of the team. All contestants in Sokol competition must compete in the All-around event only. There is no special event competition of any kind , O ver 100 trophies were awarded. The highlight of the meet on Saturday afternoon, June 23rd, was the com"p etitioh in cha ru- . pionship division for juniors and seniors. The senior men and women competed in a final event to select a team that traveled to the "World-Sokol Festival" a t Vienna, Austria in July. The first tryouts for this team was held at K ent State University, K ent, Ohio, in April, 1962. The scores of the K ent trials and Pittsburgh trials were totaled for the selection of the teams. On Sunday June 24th the Sokol Festival Exhibition was held at the New Pittsburgh Civic Arena. Guest Sokol Organizations from all parts of the United Sta tes and Canada took pa rt in the program. They were the: American Sokol with headquarters in Chicago, Ill. , The Sokol Association of Canada, Toronto, Canadian Sokol Organization, Toronto, D. A. Sokol, New York, and the Polish Falcons of America, of Pittsburgh. 14

The Sunday afternoon program consisted of mass calisthenic exercises, apparatus exhibitions by the championship teams of juniors and seniors, folk dances in national Czechoslovakian costumes, and special numbers . O ver 3,000 (three thousand) took part in the program. The Championship teams of m en and women for Vienna were presented to the public formally and then they proceeded with their exhibition on the apparatus. The women: Diane Kurtz, Farrell, Pa.; Dolores Dunlavy, Cleveland, 0 .; Barbara Babuska, Perth Amboy, N .]. ; Carol Ce-l:-venki, N ewark, N .]. ; the men, Ed Gombos, Monessen, Pa. ; Milan Trnka, Chicago, Ill. ; J ames Mulvihill, Homes tead, Pa. and Edwa rd Zamecnik, Binghamton, N.V. VIENNA TRIP

On Monday afternoon this team left for Vienna for the World Sokol Festival. The del egation was directed by Rud y Bachna of Canton, Ohio, coaches were: John Bagel of Chicago, Ill., a nd Mary Kadrik of Arnold, Pa. T eam physician was Dr. Pa ul Podmajersky of Chicago, Ill. It is in teresting to note that Ed Gombos, presently of the University of Illinois, has been S.G.U.S. Champion in 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, and repeated in 1962. Ed has been a member of the Sokol summer camp program staff since 1955. The team traveled Air India to London and on to Vienna. Training was conducted in Vienna for a period of two weeks and at the conclusion of this period a dual-meet was held with the U nion-Turner Organization of Vienna, Austria. The Sokol teams of both men and women were victorious and individual all-around honors were taken by Ed Zamecnik and Dolores Dunlavy. The following day the World-Sokol Gymnastic Festival was h(:!ld in the City of Vienna . Repre-


sentative groups from London, Paris, Zurich, Canada, U.S.A., and many other countries were represented. The S.G .U.S. T eams presented an exhibition of apparatus work. Upon leaving Vienna the team traveled to Lucern, Switzerland . The highlight of this visit was a workout at Jack Gunthers home turner club at Lucern and a pleasant few hours spent talking to him abo ut our favorite subject-gymnastics. From Lucern we stopped off at Zurich and on to Paris. In Paris a visit to the National Institute of Physical Education was made. From Paris back to New York . SOKOL SUMMER JUNIOR LEADER TRAINING CAMPS

Each summer the S.G.U. S. conducts training camps for its junior leaders. Junior girls and boys are selected from the various Sokol Clubs and are sent to the camps for a two or three-week period of gymnastic training. The camps are located at East Troy, Wis.; New Kensington, Pa.; and Boonton, N.]. The students to these camps are selected for their gymnastic ability and potential, their leadership qualities and the service to their local club. Each summer from 100 to 150 boys and girls attend the training courses. In addition to these special courses, regu lar camping seasons are h eld for other Sokol youngsters and emphas.is is placed on their gymnastic training. Each camp has a full 路 set of internationally specified apparatus for both men's and women's work. Both indoor and outdoor facilities are available. Morning afternoon and evening workouts are conducted. Between training periods classes are conducted in the form of lectures and demonstrations. Movies are used to supplement the teaching. Material such as judging, spotting, terminology, composition of routines and others are taught. (This program has been directed in all three camps by Rudy Bachna from 1955 to 1962. ) . . . AT RIGHT: Ed Gombos, Sokol CO lI/lJe lilor alld member of Ih e U .S.A . Sokol Tea", 10 Vie ll1/a. BELOW: Sokol Jr . L eader c",,,p, oll e of Ihree held eac h Summ er .

IS


GYMNASTICS IN PHY. EDUCATION BY A. BRUCE FREDERICK TEACHING THE FUNDAMENTAL DROPS OF REBOUND' TUMBLING

In the analysis of any physical act ivity, one cou ld, in most cases, refer to a selective group of fundamen ta ls (movements) which are basic to the success of the participants involved. . The fundamental movements of rebound tumbling consist of a number of elementary landings upon th e bed of the apparatus which ar eca ll ed drops. When properly mastered, these drops lead to rapid student improvement and ski ll when they are later combined with themselves and twisting moveme nts which a re more advanced. The basic drops are properly introduced after novices have been oriented in the techn iques of spotting, mounting and dismounting, Feet to feet bouncing can be learned with the drops and need not be taught first. The id ea is to work toward eli minating intermedi ate feet bouncing so elementary "swing time" routin es may be developed. ("Swing time" refers to stunts whi ch are done consecutively without any free bounces in between.) Finally, the concept of landing on th e cente r of the bed, is most important for all beginners to understand. Let us concern ourselves here with five basic drops and their associated teaching techniques. They are: a. Hand and Knee Drop (HK) b. Knee Drop (K) c. Seat Drop (S ) d. Front Drop (F ) e. Back Drop ( B ) Students shou ld wear a sweat suit or other clothes which will protect the knees and elbows from abrasions which often occur in the early learning stages. In 'l ny case, clean clothing must be a req uirement and clean, close fitting socks shou ld be brough t to class each tirr,c rebound tumbling apparatus is to be used. The Master Plan

The basic drops, as listed above and in that order, h ave been introduced to classes by the author according to a series of general steps or progressions. I t has oeen observed that students can learn fas ter when the first emphasis is on kinesthetic awareness or getting t'he proper " feel " of the drop. These general steps are ;JrCsen ted below. Variations in teaching techniques, applicable to individual drops are presented under appropriate sub -headings following the general progressions for a ll drops. Step I -FEEL IT ON THE FLOOR Have the whole class assume the proper pOSItIOn fer the drop on the floor. Once all of the drops h ave neen introduced, the instructor can have the entire class ,hift quickly from one drop position to another as a warm up activity. The instructor will interrupt this activity from time to time to c.o rrect faulty positions as they occur. In this way all of the students will have many opportuni ties to try all of the basic drop posi tions before mounting the apparatus. Step II-FEEL IT ON THE BED Have the student assume the proper position on the center of the bed of the apparatus and h ave him con centrate mentally on the parts of his body which make contact when he is in the proper position . Step III- BOUNCE IT The novice is told to get momentum from the drop position on the bed. He may wiggle, squirm and flail his a rms to get the initia l bounce. Once in motion. he concentrates on making proper contact with the bed each time he hits the ' bed in the drop position being taught. He attempts to feel and think abou t this proper contact with the bed as taught in Step II. After a li,tle prac tice he will gain h eight, at which time he is instructed to try to land on his feet. This step will be · progressively more difficult as h e . proc;eeds from the HK

18

drop to the B drop. This step can be a workout in itself and with practice insures the development of proper muscl e usage and the body coordination nece~ sary for the drop ;Ittempted. Step I V-FEET TO DROP Having met the challenge of step three, the student may now attempt· th e drop from the feet for the first tim e. The drop is first attempted in this progression from a dead stand. Height is not important a t this stage. The student merely attempts to jump and land in the correct drop position with emphasis on landing on the target, Having "hit" the drop correctly, he tries to regain his

feet. Step V-FEET, DROP, FEET DROP, (GO FOR TEN) This step is merely a r epetition of step four but the tumbler attempts to add on by immediately repeating the drop after regaining his feet. He a ttempts to do so with no intermediate bounces. Thus, starting from a dead stand, he drops, regains his feet , drops, regains his feet, etc., always attemp ting to keep control and lan d on the target. When ten repetitions with control are mastered, Step VI is is attempted. Step VI-THE SKY'S THE LIMIT The student is now prepared to bounce for height and attempt 'the drop. The instructor will discover that the novice has had by this tim e many opportunities for feet to feet bouncing and he, the student, will have satisfactory control in this skill. If he does not, a little time should be taken in this step to correct poor feet bouncing. Height a ttained before the drop is attempted should proceed gradually. Combinations of drops should be attempted and twisting in and out of each of the drops may be introduced. Special Techniques and Notes

I. Hand and Knee Drop-We crawl before we walk. Attempting to learn the HK drop represents the first opportunity for the tumbler to feel the bed and know how his body reacts to it. A four point land ing is most important. Both h a nds and both knees must hit the bed simultaneously for the drop to be a successful one. The instructor must be satisfied that this is achieved before progressing to the knee drop. 2. The Knee Drop- Since novices may be prone to back stra ins while learning this drop, care should be taken to emph asize the proper landing position. The body shou ld be fairly relaxed and no arch of the back should occur. '•••

~

-~ l n thr

Kn ee

hill /l exioll.

Dro/"

'h I' jilldelil s/""tld

d e mollJlrole .diCht

• • • If the tumbler lands with the back arched, the lift of the bed can force the back into a hyper extended position which might result in back strains. A "slipped disc" could very easily result from improper form . Strains of the muscles of the back have been a cause of novice disinterest in the activity due to associated discomfort and pain. The instructor should also check the position of the toes. Some beginners get into the habit of turning them under which should be corrected . 3. The Sea t Drop- Probably the greatest difficulty encountered in the teaching of this drop has to do with the placing of the hands or the absence of hand placement on the bed. The body should be held in a semiextended position. The angle of bend at ,the waist should exceed 90 degrees. , '.. ..


G

/\"\-

~ .-/ 111 a JJroj1ef Seal Droll, the allele oj Ihe torso should be greater ilIOn 90 degree.

.'i,I! th e bed

i ...

~ , , The hands are p laced at the sides slightly to the rear of the seat with the palms of the hands down and the finge rs pointing in the direction of the toes. Following the "Master Plan" for this drop is most important. 4. The Fr@t Drop- Prior to attempting Step iv of the "Master Plan" the writer h as used one other technique in teaching the front drop. From an HK drop, "squash ou t" to the front drop position. When this can be done fluently from ten to twenty times, i.e. HK, F , HK, F, etc., Step IV is then attempted. The use of this technique has proven to be a valu able one in teaching maturing girls and women who may fear landing on the bed with resultant injury or discomfort in the breast .area. Once this fear h as been overcome, the writer has found progress to be normal in the front drop progression. 5. The Back Drop-In teaching this drop, St~p I may be sped up in three ways. a. " Dribbling" the Learner-To help the novice get the "feel," the instructor sta nds at the side of the a ppara tus holding the performer as shown •• ,

get the Jeel of the hips casting out. This action is necessary for good back drop execution. Two students, working together, can actively spot one another as shown . In some cases, two sp otters, one on each side, will be desirabl e. Tumblers will n a turally vary in abili ty a nd coordin a tion. Try to challenge each individual to perform at his physical level. Progress wi ll be noted in the most uncoordin a ted individuals if the teacher will show the way. Novices must understand that individuals will progress at different ~ates of speed. The best criterion for judging yourself as an instructor of rebound tumbling is to know what comes next. This a bility applies not only to the fast , coordinated lea rner but to the other extreme as well. Thus keeping ahead of your class on an individual basis, you can't help but succeed.

NEWT LOKEN'S GYMNASTIC LIBRARY

ORDER NOW t he following books written byNewt Loken, Gymnastic Coac h, U of l\lichigan 1-COMPLETE

BOOK

OF

GYMNASTICS-$7.95

Recently r eleased by Prentice Hall co ntain s 18 exciting and st imulating chapt ers coverin g the entire fi eld of gymnastic s in cluding the 4 \VOlnen 's events; Uneven Parallel Bars. Ba lance

Beam, Floor Exercise & Vau lting. Contains a ll the men's events plu s ca listhe nics, r ope activities, exhibitions, etc. Over 500 action pi ctures, 300 coll ege s and un iversities have a dopted it. With Bob ' Villoughby of Eastern Michigan Uni versity. 2-TRAMPOLINING (Revised ' 63 Edition Just off press)

-$1.00

An extensive book on the spec ific s ubject of trampolining. Con ta in s actio n photos in sequence along with many drawings iJlu strati ng a ll of the stunts that ca n be done on the trampolin e. Beautifully iJlustrated with Ed Co le, Big Ten and Nat'1. Champion.

To (rdribblt:" 0 "'H'ice in th e proper ba('k drup pnsitiofl, grasl) arm and it-g u..: l!i!e slandi ltE 01 Ih e side of th e bed. Do

110/

release graJjJ.

• • • H e then "dribbles" the learner, adjusting the position of the back while it is in the air which causes the tumbler to land in the correct position on the bed. b. Double Seat Drop, Back Drop Having progressed through the "dribble" stage, the novice is told to do two seat drops with no intermediate feet bounce. Following the second seat drop, the learner tilts backward and attempts to lan d -in the correct position on the bed. He should be thinking of this land ing during the execution of the second seat drop.

3-ATHLETIC

INSTITUTE

4-STERLING

PUBLISHING

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BEGINNING T UMB LING ADVANCED TUMBLING - TRAMPOLINING - GYNNASTICS FOR GIRLS - APPARATUS FOR ME N. These booklets are t he results of t he Ath letic Ins titute Film on each of these subjects. Excellent pictures t hroug hout along with clea r and concise descriptions. CO .

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Sterling Publish ing Com pany of New York has enlarged the Athletic In sti tute Books with a hard cover, more pages, larger pi c tures, etc., .to make these books very attracive. Ideal for your libra ry at sc hool or home.

5-SEQUENCE

GYMNASTICS

- 50c

Contains seq uen ce drawings of ma ny difficult stunts directly reprodu ce d from motion pictures pi ctures of Olympic Gymna s ts in action. Includ es German Giants, Eagle Giants, Hecht Dismount, Stutzkehre, Back Somersault to Handstand, Cas t to Stra ight Arm Catch, Front to Catch, plu s seve ral horse and vau ltin g stunt s. Completed with Ed Gagnier of Iowa State University.

6- ILLUSTRATED GRADED GYMNASTIC ROUTINES

-$1.00

A ne\v venture in visual gY111na s tics- contains

full size s heets which may be tOI'n from th e text to be pl aced near the apparatus. Contains life -lik e figure s demonstra ting in detail s tunts and short routin es on the side horse, parallel bars, high bar, rings, balancing, tumb ling and tra mpolining. At leas t 4 fu ll routines for each event a re included. Ju s t fini shed with l\Iarv Johnson of Eastern Michigan Uni versity. AND ALSO 7-CHEER TIPS

-sac

A booklet con taining many exce ll ent ch eers a long with Beginnings, Endings , Pep Rally, Skits, Tumbling stunts, etc.

8- CHEERLEADING (Completely revised '62 Edition)

Assist Ih e 1I0;,:; C£ 011 lIlt! mals by li/lillg 01 'h e twu /willis as S!tOH.:'l lmtil he feels th e kip/lin g ac tioll. Assistan ce ma), be live n on bOlh sidr.s 1I1Itil the kip co m es "alural/)'.

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'r-his 2nd Edition by Ronald Press Company contains 100 pages with nearly 100 pictures with the lates t cheers, motion s, beginnings & endings, novelty yells & songs, tumblin g stunts, pep c lub organizations, pep rally skits, constitutions, fl ash card displays & pom pom routines. A ' MUST for every c heerleader and every school.

Write now for personal copy-Newt Loken (TMG) 1521 Glen Leven, Ann Arbor, Mich.

c.

T each the hip snap or kipping ac tion of the back drop to the el1tire class on the mats. Have them

19


SOME CURRENT AND POPULAR FLOOR EXERCISE MOVES By Arthur Shurlock

Oll e hand balall ce-

In Floor-Exercise there are a variety of movements th"-t ca n be employed to make up (or com prise) a good routine . Pictured here are a few of the more common moves seen in top level competition. The "wide arm handstand" can be performed from a stra ig ht-arm straight- (straddle) leg press with a rms wider than usua l, or from a ca rtwheel or a one arm h a ndstand. The "backward roll to or through a ha ndstand " ca n be use d a t almost any point in a floor routin e (out of: flip , turn, handstand, etc. ). The "Japanese;' side, or front scale a re effec tive near the start or middle of your routine (a good effect is to move into them quickly an d free ze in the proper position ). The " Swedish fall" is effective from a half turn ( kick leg forward and turn a t the same time ) . The " Back dive ha lf twist" is usu ally used from a sta nd , a round-off or a flip-flop ending either in a chest roll or a forward roll . Th e "Scissors-kick" a nd the " Straddle leap" a re es thetic movements where height a nd stretching of legs and body a re emphasized (A "Straddle leap" followed by a " front flip " is a current combin ation that is \"ery popul a r ) . Th e " Spli t Strad dle seat" position ca n be utilized from a \'ariety of actions as a forw ard or backward roll , turning from a front lying res t position (ch es t on floor ) from l eg ci rcles ' or from a standing piroue tte. The " Plange" which is u se d extensi vely by th e top gymnasts of the world , can be pressed into from m a ny of the floor positions, a "split," "stra ddle sea t," " front pron e position ," or from a forw a rd fall, ches t roll , or dive to position a pproach (lowering down from th e h andstand is usu all y too tedious resulting in too much a rch an d feet high position ) . Th e " French lever" (bent arm pl a nge) is a nice move for th ose who have not mastere d the stra ight arm Pla nge, but be sure you are definite in your position so a s not to appear you were a ttempting a " Plange" a nd . missed. This article has just scra tched the surface of th e infinite va rie ty of move ments and combinations th a t are possibl e in a Floor Exercise routine. W e hope you h ave found these instru ctive, stimulating and useful.

Belo.L': Straight arm, straight leg straddle p ress 10 ja/Jal/e j'e IWlldsJalld .

20


Hall t Ii ru back di ve-

Straddle lllal) ,

,

-Above : Ba ck ro ll through handstand positiofl_

21


Helpf~}F"k~'!~~~ Education,

0/ The Milwaukee Turners, Wisconsin

FLOOR EXERCISE-TUMBLING

"Forward hand-spring into a forward somersault." The forward leaning position (taking advantage of G forces), in the preparatory hop leading into the hand-spring (1 ) , is essential to generate speed in the hand-spring. However (unlike at the handspring if alone ) , here an increased horizontal velocity (speed of approach ) is needed to provide power of elevation in the somesau lt. The hand-spring itself should not be high (since height consumes speed and also because height decreases chances for a favorable landing angle) (5 ) , but it must be high enough to land on the balls of the feet (not heels ) with completely extended hip joints (femur- pelvic) and with the arms carried over-head, and the face turned upward (6). In this position the body resembles a pulled bow, ready to shoot an arrow (6 ) . The center of gravity is behind the support (the feet), consequently the forward acting forces of accelerated mass can be transferred into a vertical elevation, but only so long as the supporting joints (ankle, knee, hip and vertebrae) are extended. This position must be maintained for a splitsecond during the take-off from the floor (7); then the forward rotation can be increased by the sudden and complete contraction into a tuck position (reduction of radius ) (swinging arms and head forward, hip and h eels backward, bending back, hip and knee joints) (8-9 ). The descending half of the flight is used for decreasing the speed of rotation (increasing radius) by the controlled extension of all joints involved in the tuck position (10 ) , and for preparation to the possible next elements ( 11 ). (# 11

Jim Farkas

position is a preparation for a second forWard. somersault, for a dive or for a "Danish handspring.") HINTS: Combine the two elements only 2fter a layout hand-spring is developed to such a degree that you can land on the balls of the feet and you can bounce (not jump) out of it to make a high dive-roll ; Also , by this time, the forward somersault should be made from a hop only (without running approach ) ; Emphasize the importance of a lay-out position coming out from hand-spring, an d a " blind take-off" (not looking forward.). SPOTTING: Kneel down to help the hand-spring. Coming out from the hand-stand position, place your ha nds under the back of the performer at #5 position, and at the instant of the land ing (which is the take-off at the same time for -the somie ), while the performer is still bent backward, exert an enormous upwards pushing on his back through 6 and 7 positions. This will give sufficient elevation and proper direction for the somersau lt. You shou ld not worry about spotting th e somersau lt. This help is successful only if the performer is in lay-out position. Bent knees or dropped hip,-or bending the neck forw a rd, will make the take-off impossible. WARN your inexperienced tumblers of the dangers of landing after the somersaul t: make sure, that they will not land in deep squat, thus exposing the knees to injury; that they will hold their neck stiffly, preventing the smashing of the face against the knees; that they will look out for possible over-rota tion, and will be prepared to make a forward roll if it happens.


Meet Results PACIFIC NORTHWEST OPEN GYMNASTIC MEET The th ird a miu al PN'W Open Gym nastic M eet held at E." ' , S ,C. Decemb er 8, 1962 was again a s u ece::is . Over

on e hundred a nd twenty cotnpet itors from all parts of th~ ~tate took pan a long with some contestants from B il lings, Montana. Competition was h e ld in three divisions . Th e G irl s' Div is ion started at 10: 00 A.M., High Sc h oo l Boys at 2:00 P.M., followed by the Coll ege :'lIen ' s Di v is ion at 7 :00 PM. Medals an d Awa.rcls were presented to the following a t the c lose of t h e overa ll comp et iti on :

Free Exercise- I. p'at Ca lkin s , Highlin e Go ld; 2. Mark Bucldngham, Highlin e ''''hite ; 3. Steve Lovell, High lin e White Trampoline-I. LaITY Ri c h a rd s. Highli ne " Thite ; 2. Don Sau nd e r s, B illi ngs ; 3. Pat Calkin s , I-Iighline Gold . Side Horse-I. Mike Garv in, Hi g hlin e "Vhite; 2. & 3. ' ti e Mark B u ckin g h a m, Hig'h lin e " ' htl e, Steve Lovell, Highlin e ' '''hi te. Horizonta l B ar- I. :llar,k B ucki n g h a m. Hig-h li ne ' ''' hi te; 2. :'lUk e McCarthy, H ig hlin e G o ld; 3. :'I-Tike Hanavan . H ig-hlin e " ' hite L ong Horse - 1. i\lark B u ek in g- h a m. Hig-hline 'Vhite; 2. Jack O·Conne lt. Ri c hland; 3. " ' ayne Kottsick , Hig-hlin e Gold . , Para llel Bars-1. Mark Bilc kin g'ham, Hig'hlin e " ' hite: 2, Steve Lovell. Hig-h-

Long H'orse- l Stu Rehnstrom, 'VSU; 2. Frank Hai land, Easter n :'I fontn n a; 3. Dennis Lazzar. E''''SC . Parallel Bars- I. Rod Ostboe. E'VSC: 2. St u Rehnstl'om, ' VSU; 3. Dennis Lazzar, E'VSC . Still Rings-I. J a ek Ben s on, EvVSU; 2. St u Rehnstrol11 , , ;VSU; 3. B ill O'Brien, E " ' SC Tumbling-J. Dick Va nHe r s e tt, 'V SU; 2. Fra n k Hailand, Eastel'n Montann; 3. St u R e hn stro m , WSU . AII-Around - l. Stu R e hn s tl'ol11,WSU -4 84; 2. Denni s Lazzar, E vVSC- 415.5: 3. Dic-k Brown, E"'SC-405 .

MEET RESULTS Berkeley fly" Meet COlllp e tilol"s cam e from 1l1ilet' Hl"OUI1l1 to e nter the r e " e nt Y:\I C A )l ee t at Berke le y. l'alifol'll in. Fu r the g irl " Sandy Ca"tellu fro l11 th e B e tty :\I ay c lu b wns th e lOp perfOl'lller cll110ngth e S year u ld ~; K n l'en Gallorwn y front t h e Arden )Janol' club was t op ~l'OI' e l ' in th e 9-] 1 year o ld gro up ; in t h e 12- 14 group. C a r o ly n Hn-Ia o f th e Be l"k e ley wa:-: th e hi g" h pointer; in th e 15 and U \ Oer gTU tllJ , it wa:-: ;\ (' l ost:' bat-

tl e be twee n Barbara H ea th of th e Be rk e ley Y. a n d :'ILaril~'n Mill e r for th e hi g"h point h Oll o r ::-:. For the Boy~: Bi lh' Smit h Il'o m the Arden ) 1a n or w a~' tops. for th e S y e a I ' o ld :-:: )lik e S Ul!i Yilll W<I:-: th e hi g- h :-:eorel' fur th l' !"1-]1 g"l' OUp:

in th e 12-14 dh·i s ion . Dan

Dunfi e ld wa~ th e top p erfol'm e r with Don ~kAlestel' of :'Il aderH (' I o~e behind : P aul ) I a~"' e r with 5 firsts and a 5 th WC1 :-: "the hig"h seore l' of t h e High ~l'ho o l l"In:-:s <:o mpet i li o n ,

BATON ROUGE OPEN INVITATIONAL GYMNASTIC MEET FOR BOYS AND GIRLS (Old Mardi Gras Gymnastic Meet) AGE GROUPS Up to 12 yrs. 13 - 15 y r ~ . 16 and a.bove C h alnp i o ll Hhip 1'I'ophie s to be awaroerl for fir::H thre e JJl'aees in each eve nt plu s al 1- al'oul1rl trophie, to fil' s t three pl nc es fol' t en lll ~t;t llrlill g:-:.

Friday, February 22 at 7:00 P . M. Saturday, February 23 at 8:00 A . M. Saturday, February 23 at 1 :30 P . M. Saturda'y', February 23 at 7 :30 P , M. Sponsored by OUTDOORS, INC.

GIRLS ' DIVISION Te a m Eas tern "Vash ing ton - 91 Shad le Pa rk H.S,-7S; Eastern Montana-62. Free Exercise-I. Ingerlise DeBlanek, Eastem i\ l ontana ; 2. Linda Scott, Shadle Park .H . S.; 3. Julie Bate man , K en n e wic k H . S. Trampoline- I. Linda Seott, S hadl e ,Park H S.; 2. Sharon A lle n, Eastern ' '''ash.; 3. V irg inia Aagard , Co u gare ttes <,"'SU) . Vaulting-I. Ingerlise DeBlanck, East e m Mont.; 2. Linda Scott, S hadl e Park H.S ; 3. S u e A ldr ich, Easte rn Wash. Balllnce Be am -I. Linda Seott, Shad le Park H S . ; 2. lng e rli~ e DeB lane l,. , Eastem :'Il ont . ; 3. S u e Aldrich, East em " ' as h . Uneven Parallels 1. S u e A ldril'h, E.ui t ern \~r H:-;h.; 3. en rolin e l\I essengel', . Ce ntralia H.S.; 3, Carolyn Hailand. Easter n l\lo nt. Tumbling-I. Linda Seott, S hadl e Pa rk .1'1 S . ; 2. In g e rli se DeB lanl' k, Eas t e rn M o nt.; 3. S haro n Allen, East"rn ''''a s 11. . AIl·Around - 1. ln ge rli se DeBlanl'k , Ea~tel'1l ~lont.-2nz.75; 2. Sue A ld rich, Ea!-5tenl Wa~hing·ton-2S6 . 5: 3. Val e ri e You n g, Highline Girls·-246.25 ' HIGH SCHOOL BOYS' DIVISION Team-I. Highline ''''hit e , 222; 2. Hig'hline GOld, 126 ; 3. Rich la nd, 10S.5

'I. ;

line " Thit e; 3. Juhn Thorn e , Centralia. Still Rings-I. :\ Iik e Hannvn n, Hi g- hlin e '''' hite; 2. ''''a y ne K ottsic,k. l-li g- hlin e Gold; 3. Steve L ove ll, Hig-hline White Tumbling-1. Pat Calkin", Hig'hlin e G o lcl; 2. Do n Sa und e l'", B illin gs; 3. illark Buck i ng'ham, Hig hlin e '''hite . Rope Climb-1. :'Ifike H a navan, Hi g-hlin e "V hit e (Time-4.0); 2. Ga rv Setbee-ken , Ric-hl and; 3. :'Ifark Bu'cking-ham , Hig hlin e " ' hite. All-A ro und 1. :'I1ark B Ul' kin g-h a m, Highline "V hi te, 410; 2. Steve L ove ll, Hig'hline White. 406; 3. " ' ayne Kotts ic k , High lin e Gold, 3Sn. COLLEGE MEN ' S DIVISION Team-I. " ' n s hing-to n Stat e Un h 'er~ it y - 1751h; 2. Eastern '\~as hin gtoll State-lH; 3. ' V.S .U. FI·o,h - 41'h . Free Exercise 1. St u Rehnstrom, " ' SU: 2. D ic k VnnHe r s elt, VVSU; 3. Frnnk Hailan(!, Eastern Montan n. Tram poline 1 Dick VanHe r selt . ' VSU; 2, Frank Hailand, Ea~tern .\[ontana ; 3. Hnro lcl Bower" E"' SC'. Side Horse-l. Bob Old s, vVSU; 2. Stu H e hn ~t ronl , , ·V SU; tie for 3. Dave :'ITiI Ie I', ', ,,,SU Frosh and Gn l'y R iese Co lurnbin Ba~in. . Horizontal Bar- I. Stu Rehnstrom , ' VSU: 2. J ack Ben so n , E "VSU; 3. Bob Mi tc h ell , E 'W SC . I

23


Gym Forum

ROUTINES SIDE HORSE -

PROGRAM AND ROUTINE FOR EXHIBITION By Ken Hollis Asst. Physical Director, YMCA, Cleveland, Ohio This is the material I u sed with our exhibition team while teaching in Mendon, Ohio. It was designed, as you can see, to get gymnastics started, so the routines, them· selves, are not terribly difficult (except on the trampolin~ where the boys had already experienced some training). Gymnasts need motivation, and the teaching of gymnas· tics just because it's a "nice activity" is a pretty poor excuse in the eyes of most youngsters. At Mendon, our exhibitions thrilled not only the town people, but also the kids, themselves. We now had the combined enthusiasm of both the kids and their parents, an unbeatable com· bination. At the YMCA we find a great stimulus in interbranch and championship meets. Properly run meets set our , kids all "afire", and they talk gymnastics all the way home, a most unusual situation. Highlights of our meets are: (1) the teams marching in, with a flag bearer, (2) intro· duction of each team member, (3) presentation of small ribbon awards for each event, (4) background music throughout the entire meet, and (5) refreshments and fellowship (maybe a movie) followin g the meet. I also hold a "critique" with our gymnasts immediately -following the fellowship, just to make certain we profit from these ex periences.

*

*

PROCEDURES FOR LEARNING ROUTINES A routine is a series of moves put together into a smooth ' and continuous pattern. Therefore, the first essential is to learn to skillfully perform each move involved in your routine and to put them together, one by one, as you learn them. When' you become tired, work harder, for you must develop enough endurance to allow you to efficiently perform all your routines in one evening without· showing signs of fatigue . A tired body will cause major mistakes. If you have difficulty with any move, ask the instructor for assistance. However, it should be understood that you must take it upon yourself, using both self·discipline and the added assistance of your teammates, to develop the followin g three areas: (1) Strength: This relates to the arms and shoulders, especially, and is essential in order that you properly support . yours elf on the a pparatus. You may use the weights at any time, outs ide of practice, in addition to our own conditioning program .

(2) Endurance. Thi s is the ab ility to perform on each piece of equipment for a long duration wit hout rest and is essential in order that you perform your r outines with no major breaks. Do not drop off the apparatus just because you are tired; tax yourself! Perform your rou· tines twice in succession without rest. . (3) Fo r m. Good form not only m a kes you look like a champion, but will actually help you perform your moves correctly; Remember: (a) Pointed toes will keep your legs str a ight; (b) Push your shoulders well up when ,working the parallel bars and side horse. Don't allow yourself to sink, for it makes you look badl y and al:ilO makes the moves, th emselves, more diffic ult t o perform; (c) Your head, being very h eavy, makes your upper body top h eavy, so wherever your h ead goes, so goes your body. When the head is fl exed forward the tendency is to bend your trunk; this is n ot good except during the middle part of r olls a nd front som ies. When your head is erect the tendency is to arch your back and keep your body straight; this is good! This applies to moves especially on the mats, trampolin'e and para ll el b ars . Keep working until you can perform your routine well and with ease; the way you practice is the way you will perform the night of the exhibition. Develop your strength and form and be snappy in every· thing you do. Remember, yod are not only an individual · performer, but also an important part of a very sharp team . Don't do anything to lessen its effectiveness! One last piece of advice. In order to properly develop your bodies, you must eat three good meals each day, but don't be a glutton. Get your weight down and keep it down! A good gymnast cannot afford to carry any excess weight at all. WORK! WORK! WORK!

24

Compulsory Routine For Everyone: (1) Front mount; (2) Left leg, single cut right; (3) Right leg, single cut left; (4) Left leg back; (5) Right leg back; (6) Double leg cut right; (7) Right leg back; (8) Left left back; (9) Left flank vault dismount. Advanced Moves For Specialists: (1) Hitch kick mount; (2) Need le mount; (3) Single leg circles; (4) Front scissors, right and left; (5) Rear sc issors, right and left; (6) Double leg circles; (7) Double rear dismount.

PARALLEL BARS -

Compulsory Routine For Everyone: (1) Forward circle mount to cr oss riding seat; (2) Press shoulder stand; (3) Fall forward to cross riding seat; (4) Forward roll to cross riding seat; (5) Backward roll to cross riding "eat ; (6) Kidney roll to cross riding seat; (7) Chest stand; (8) R eturn to cross riding seat; (9) Swing to, kip postion; (10) Kip to swing ; (ll) Rear vault dismount with haJf turn in\vard.

Advanced Moves For Specialists: (1) Kip mount; (2) Straddle mount; (3) Shoulder ,s tand to kip; (4) Front uprise; (5) Giant rolls, backward and forward; (6) Hand· stand.

HIGH HORIZONTAL BAR -

Compulsory Routine For Everyone: (1) " L " hang; (2) Backward pullover mount; (3) Backward hip circle; ' (4) Undercast, swing backward, swing forwa rd; (5) Immediate skin the cat; (6) Hock swing d·ismount. Advanced Moves For Specialists: (1) Kip; (2) Back uprise; (3) Kn ee circle; (4) Vault dismount.

STILL RINGS -

'

CompUlsory 'Routines For Everyone: (1) "'L" hang ; (2) Swing to inverted extended hang; (3) Pike;. (4) Rear hang; (5) Pike; (6) Single leg cut off right~ (7) Back stradd le dismount. Advanced Moves For Speciali'sts: (1) Straddle s upport over wrist; (2) Front and back uprises to support (3) Kip; (4) Shlmlder stand; (5) Double-leg cut off, catch: (6) Back layout dismount.

MATS -

Compulsory Routine For Everyone: (1) Cartwheel; (2) Roundoff; (3) Backward roll extension; (4) Dive forward roll, cross legged recovery; (5) Backward roll tuck; (6) Forward Roll. Advanced Moves For Specialists: (1) Ch est roll from backward roll extension; (2) Kip and h "ac1spring; (3) Front and back h a ndsprings; (4) Front an d back somies.

TRAMPOLINE -

Compulsory Routine For Everyone: (1) Bounce, knee drop; (2) Bounce, seat drop Lo front drop; (3) Bounce, front drop to 'back drop; (4) Bounce, seat full twist seat; (5) Bounce, swivel hips; (6) Bounce, half turntable; (7) Stand. Advanced Moves For Specialists: (1) Layover to front drop; (2) Full layover to back drop; (3) Back drop, half twist. seat; (4) Seat drop; (5) Back drop, forwa rd, half twist, back drop; (6) Full turntable; (7) Front and back somies; (8) Barani; (9) Fliffis; (10) Cody; (11) Double

sOluies.

LONG HORSE (with springboard) -

Compulsory Vaults For Everyone: (1) Straddle vau lt ; (2) Squat vault. Advanced Vaults For Specia lists: (1) Stoop vault; (2) Scissors vault; (3) Handspring vault, str a ight or bent arm; (4) Front som ie.

TRIPLE ,BALANCE -

(1) Three-high bridge; (2) Three-high bridge with left leg extension; (3) Totem pole; (4) Totem pole with top stand ; (5) Back to back with chest stand; (6) Three-high thigh stand from bridge; (7) Teepee with L position; (8) Invert with shoulder stand; (9) Totem pole with back layout and .shoulder stand; (10) Two-high thigh stand with handstand; (ll) Three-high into forward fall, forward roll .

CLOWNS -

Materials: (1) Two s uits with suspenders (Le. hobo, policeman, tux); (2) Two matching h ats; (3) Oversize shoes; (4) Ten foot undershirt (can use sheet extension); (5) Facial make-up (white fac e, big lips and brows); (6) Wigs; (7) Brick. Parallel Bars Moves: (1) Run through to drop-off; (2) R un through to drop-in; (3) Approach to collision; (4) Loose bar slide and drop-off; (5) Foot stand, bar shake drop·off; (6) Finger catch I}nd blowout; (7) Duo running app roach to jump on with fe et, catch; (8) Pike invert hang with top s it to roll off ; (9) Shoulder stand on thigh, fall through; (10) Monkey walk off. Trampoline: (1) Handstand drop .through ; (2) Brick flutter bounce; (3) Seat drop, back, off; (4) Sore foot back somie; (5) Duo front-back drop; (6) Somie, somie off; (7) Walk off fa ll.

INDIAN eLUBS AND WANDS Everyone will be required to thoroughly learn these routines. Sixteen counts per exercise, with music.

PYRAMIDS AND TABLEAUX -

These will inclu'd e everyone and will b e pl'acticed only during the last two weekos.

LET'S HAVE A GREAT SHOW!


P ictured he re are boys from th e C e ntral C:e velalld Y. J\.1.C.A. w ho coach Hollis ta ught a similar /Jrogram to t he one he used in M e ndoll , Ohio. K e n Hollis has sillc e mo ve d from th e Cleveland tty" alld is now hel/ling out at th e Be rkeley Hyu ( Cali/ .) 'w hile waiti,ig all assignm e nt to go o ve rseas l or th e Peace ~orps . ABOVE: Fro nt ro w-Jullior Wi/s011 , RandÂť) H' ilso n, Sidn ey Bell and J im Moore . Ba ck To w---Blltc h Patt e rson, Tony Bell, Coach K en H oll is, Tyron e Banks and Del Haw ki,iS ( N o t show n, Mik e Patterson) . ABOVE RIG HT: Some 0/ th e team. m em be rs give ( Jun io r W ilson alld Bu.tch Patlers(}ll) moral support .

th e clow1IS

AT RIGHT : Triple balance leam of- T)'l'On e Banks (lop ), T o n)' nell (middle ) . and D el H aw kins ( bo/l01l/ ) , wilh J im Mo o re looking OIL .

BELOW: T OllY n ell diuillg ouer Ihe boys hold ing slraddle head-

stands.

BELOW RIGHT: T eam routin c with w ands mid music .


Gy ~u.iA:STl C 1~mm S'I LE NT MOTION ' PI CTURE FILM S I. h962 NATIONAL A .A . U. WO MEN ' S FILM, SEATTLE , WASH 8,' 0 f eet of 16mm fil m now ava ila b le . Pho tograp h ed by G le nn Sundby a nd edite d by Van Dixon & Bud Marquette. It is one of the very best to date. A ll of our top g ir ls in action. Out- . standing a re Muriel Davis in Free Exerc ise, Ga il D a ley on the U n evens, B e tty Matcock and Dale 1I1cCIements Vau lting: H ig hly recommended to a ll coaches and aspiring Nation a l com petitors. ( $7.00 3- day !ental.) _ , 2. ,GYMNASTICS LOS ANGELES HIGH SCHOOLS . The fin a l co mpeti t ion of the c ity sch oo ls . Competitors a r r anged in order of their sco res , the b est one last. Excelle nt for s howing t h e level of gymnastics in th e Vi A . City S ch oo l. A list of the competi t ors g iv ing their pl aces and s e h ools , i s available by r equ est. (800 feet, $7.00 f or 3-day rental ; $59.00 to purchase. ) 3. !G YMNASTICS JAPANESE S TYLE , LONG BEACH , CALIFORNIA: Made at. Long Beach State College of the men and women membe rs of t h e .J a panese Olym pic t eam, during their 1961 U.S. tour. The m e n u se the s ix pieces of OlympiC ap pa ratus. The women are s h own on the ba la n ce bea m, une ve n s and free exercise. (l000 feet, $7.0 0 f OT 3-day r e ntal; $73 .00 to purc hase) 4:iOLYMPIC ' CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR MEN AND WOM.EN, 1960, RO ME, I TAL Y : The film c on s is t s of compl ete routines of th e nl e n winners on each event ; f or wom e n, the u n even ba .r s .exerc ise of T a naka (Japan) a nd a

Ru ssian girl, and wo'rk on the balance b ea m . It was photogra phe d and edit ed by Ke n Bartlett, gymnas tic coach at Long Beach State College. (1400 f eet, S10.00 for 3 -d ay renta l ; $100.00 to purchase) . 5:NATIONAL AAU C H A M PI 0 NSHIPS FOR WO M EN , 1959 , KENT , OHIO : The film s h ows a ll of the 1960 Olym pic c ompul sor y exer c ises. It be gin s with t h e co mpu ls ory an d optiona l h o r se vau ltin g a n d t h e comp ul s ory un even" The option al ro u tines are shown by JVlarth a Nagy, Lillemor Medig , Muri e l Davis (Grosfeld) , J oyce R aced<, Teresa Mo n tefu sco , Ernestine Russell a nd Betty Maycock . It en d s with a fe w b ea u tif ul t umbling routines. Edited by V a n Dixo n a nd Bud M a.r quette. (800 f eet, $7.00 for 3-day rent a l ; $59.00 to purc h ase) . q lJATIONAL A AU C HAM PI 0 NSHIP S FOR MEN , 1958 , S AN FERN A NDO , CALIFO R N IA: A c ompl e te doc um e n ted rec o rd in c lu ding the opening c e re nl 0 ni es , c0111p e tito rs , officials, co nlp ul sory exer c ises for the all-around, s p ecia.li st events, beautif ul fre e exercise by Olympian Muriel D a vis (Grosfeld) , the n e ndin g w ith the b est opti onal r o utin es of the ch a m pio n s . With each film is t he m ee t brochure, inc luding the names of all the compe t i to r s and a detai led de scription , nlo ve by m ove, of a ll the co mpul sory exerc ises . Thi s wr itte n nl a te ri a l h as a tre ll1endou s value to th e n ov ice as well as the exp e rt. (1 200 f ee t, $7.00 fo r 3- day rental ; $78 .00 to purc h ase) .

7. YMNASTICS ' SWISS STyLE , LOS A GELES, CALIFORNIA : It was filmed in 1956, during competition be tween the visiting Swiss Olympic team. The U S. t eam inc luded f our team members ; Jack Beckner, R ic h a rd Beckner, Cha rles Simms a n d W illiam T om. (800 feet, $7.00 for 3day r e ntal ; $5 9.00 to purchase). 8· ,NATIONAL AAU CHAMPIONSHIPS 'FOR MEN, 1954, SAN FERI\IANDO, CALIFORNIA : The c ompu lsory and option a l exercises were recorded in their entirety without interruption . o n a ll p ie c es of appartus, i n c lud ing tram poline and Don Perry's world record 20 fo <>t rope c li mb of 2.8 seconds. The names of the contestants are listed in the order of t h e ir routin es and t h e , place taken by each exercise is a lso inc lud ed. (1200 feet, $7.00 for 3- day renta l ; $78 .00 to p urch ase). 9. GRADED COMPULSORY EXERC ISE , LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA: This film con s ists of t h ree sections . Each "ec tion has an exercise on the long horse, s ide h orse, parall el . bars, horizonta l b a r, still rings and free exercise. The first section is novice; th e second, Juni o r; the th ird, senior. The senior rou tines were t h e 1959 nationa l compulsories. These senior routin es were used as gu ides t o make six routi n e s on t h e novice level . and six routines on the junior level. W ritt e n m a teri a l is in c lu ded wi t h each film, describing ever y move of the e ightee n exer c ises. T hi s f ilm is extrem e ly valuable in p r esentin g exercise difficulty and trick nomencla ture. Olympians J ac k Beckner a n d Attila Takach are t h e gymnasts. (400 f e e t, ..$I,QIL for 3-d a y renta l.;

VAN DIXON GYMNASTIC 16mm SILENT MOTION PICTURE FILMS FOR RENTAL AND SALE T h ese uniqu e f il m s can be u sed for gym class orientation or at t h e end of .a series of lesson s, assem bli es of various kinds, gym team inspiration and improvemen t; new tricks and combin a tions can b e l earned by coach es a n d gymnasts by r e p eated s howings. If, after v iewing a renta l f il m, a decision is m a de to purc hase it, t h e r e ntal film may be kept a nd the renta l charge appli ed to t h e purch ase price . If the f ib e r maili ng case is n eeded ,a ch arge w ill be made for it. Damage by t h e renter is to be compensated by him . T h ese f ilms m a y be rented or purch ased from V a n D ixon, Box 611, Santa Monica, California. They may b e o rder.ed by number . Be sure to s p ecify rental o r purchase. For rentals give a lte rnate dates of at leas t a week apart, if possible. I.

VAN DIXON FILMS BOX 611 SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNA

Dear Van: Pleas'e se nd

me film

4. 7.

2. 5. 8.

3. 6.

9.

number cir cled above for ren tal

on

(date) ............ / ............ /-...... .... . Altern ate date is.. .. .. /. .. ... /- ........... . Enclosed find : $ ................. 1Ior rental, $ fo r purchase. Purchase .. Bill me: Renta l.. NAME .... .... DEPT ... ....................... ADDRESS . .... ZONE .. .. .....S TATE .. CITY ..

School or Individual

SUMMARY Projecti on (a pproximate)

Purchase Price

Rental

Price

Sound

Title, City

Length

Fe et Itat! AAU Cham pionships for Women. 1962, Seat· ti e, Wash . ....................•..... Gymnastics, Los Ang eles High Schools, Los Ang e· les, Calif ................_.........

Gymnas tic's,-Japa n-ese Style, Long Beach, Calif. Olympi c Champion ship for Men a nd Wo.men, 1960, Rom e. It~ ...................... Nat! AAU Championships for Wom en, 1959, Kent,

Sil ent Speed 3 Days (Slower or Less ( Normal) Motion ) Spee d

Minutes

4·7

Days Dollars

800

22

30

II

59

800

22

30

II

59 '

1000

27

37

II

73

1400

38

52

15

100

800

22

30

II

59

1200

33

45

II

78

800

22

30

II

59

1200

33

45

II

40 0

II '

15

II

Ohio ......................................

10

N ~il A A UChamp ions hiPS for Men, 1958, S ~ n Fernando, Calif . ...................... Gymnastics, Swiss Style, _~s_ ~~~~I!. Na t! AAU Championsh ipsfor Me n, 1954, . ~ a n F e r~ nando. Calif. .................. Graded Compulsory Exer. cises, Los Ang eles, Calif.

78

unavail .. able


NEW PORTABLE. ISOMETRIC EXERCISER

SOUTHERN CALIFORN IA GYM NASTIC ASSOCIATION

1962路1963 Calendar of Events . DATE

DAY EVENT

Dec. Dec. Dec . Jan. Jan . J an. Jan. Jan. Feb. Feb. Feb. Feb. Feb . Feb . Feb. Feb. Mar. Mar.

Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Fri. Sat.

8 15 15 12 12 12 19 26' 2 9 16 16 16 16 16 23 1 9

Mar. 9 Mar. 9 Apr. 5 Apr. 19

Sat. Sat. Fri. Fri.

TIME

PLACE

Beg-inner ilnd Intermediate Cl ini c LA. High Beginner and Intermediate Clini c Pomona YMCA Women ' s Trampoline Clinic, All Ag-es Tramp. Inv. Women ' s Lower Age, 8-15, ~reet Pomona YMCA Boys Advanced Age Grounp Baldwin Pk. Hi Boys Advan ced Age Grounp Westchester Hi ''1omen's Upper Age, 14-up, Mee t Sokol Ha ll Ben Pric e Quali fyin g Heet (AA) L.A. State Ben Pric e (All Around) P.C.C. 'Women's All Ag-e Clinic Lakewood High Boys Nov ice Meet (7th G'1'. & lowel') Ge ne sha High Boys ' ovice Meet (8th >;'1' . & ove r) Genesha High Boys Novice Meet (7th ITr. & lower) Venice High Boys Nov ice Meet (8th g'1'. & over) Venice High Wome n's Teaching & Judging Cl inic .... L.A. State ' Vomen's State Champ . (All Ag-es ) Berkeley YMCA Santa Monica Invitational S.M.C.C. Women's Western Sectional L.A. State (15 years and up) Pasadena Boys Jr. High Meet Westchester Hi Boys Jr. H igh Meet P.C.C. Pasadena Invitation a l L.B. State Long Beach In v itational

1-4 p.m. 1- 4 p.m. 9-1 2 noon 1-4 p . 111.

1- 4 p.m. 1- 4 p .m. 1- 4 p.m. 7 :30 p.m. 8:00 p .m'1- 4 p.m. 9-1 2 noon 1-3 p.m. 9-1 2 n oon 1-3 p.m. 1- 4 p.m. 7:30 p .m . 1- 4 p.m. 1-4 p.m. 7 :30 p.m. 7 :30 p.m.

U.S. Gymnastic Federation, Sectional, Regional and National Champ ionships to be arranged.

A completely new portable exerCiser for sc hoo l at hletic trainin.g programs has been developed by Nissen Corp.) Cedar Rapids, I owa . The Iso-Myte incorpora tes isometric co ntract ion whic h develops strength faster th a n any othe r known type of exercise. Iso-M yte eli minates th e need for cumbersome weights. It's complete ly Jortable and can be used in the gym, ocker room or outdoors with equal ease. The unique resistance. bar can be raised or lowered for a wide vari路 ety of isometric exercises by sim ply pressing a button . Release the button and the bar renlains in a stationary position ready to use. The exclusive cali brated dyna mometer built into t he hardened stee l resistance bar allows th e athlete to see h is &trength attainment level and se t the dia for delsired resistance. An illust rated wa ll chart showing differe nt isometric exercises for your athletic tra ining program is incl uded with each exerciser. Interested in more information? "Vrite : N issen Corporation , 930 27th Avenue S,W ,! Cedar R api ds, Iowa.

I

CALENDAR OF OTHER SCHEDULED GYMNASTIC EVENTS D ec. J an. Feb. Feb . Feb. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Mar. Apr. Apr. May May May 路 June

26 - 31 "Vestern Gymnast ic C linic 8 TuesL.A. Gymnastic Officials A s sn. 5 Tue sL.A . Gymnastic Offic ial s ARsn . 9 Sat. U.C.L.A. In vitational 16 Sat. Mt. San Antonio B .S. Inv. 1 Fri. Lakewood Invitati0nal (HS) 8 F ri. Sa.n Gabriel Invitational (HS) 12 TuesOfficials Ass n. 15 Fri. El Rancho Invitational 15 Fri. 'Western State Champion s hip 22 Fri. S t ate Co llege Champion s hip 23 Sat. Big Six C h ampio n s hip 2 TuesOfficials Ass oc. 26 Fri. Western States J .C . C hampi onship 3 Fri. Metropolitan J.C. Cham pion s hip 10 Fri. So. Ca lif. J.C. Championship 18 Sat. C.LF. Champ ionship 7 Fri. L.A. City Champ ionship

MODERN GYMNAST SCANDINAVIAN

Univ. of Ariz. Tucson L.A. State 7 :30 p.m . L.A. State 7 :30 p.m. U .C.L .A . 2:30 - 7:30 Mt . Sac 7 :30 p . m. Lakewood H igh 7 :30 p .m. San Gabriel Hi 7:30 p.m. L.A . State 7:30 p.m. El Rancho High 7:30 p.m . Pullman, Wash. San Jose U.S .C. 7:30 p . l11. L.A. State 7:30 p.m. L.A. State Santa Mon ica 7 :30 p.m. 7:30 p.m. L.B .C.C. Baldwin Park

SUBSCRIBERS

Scandinavian subscribers send subscription skr. 18.50 to our Scandinavian office.

Hellmut Rohnisch, Orebro, Sweden

SEND YOUR ORDER TO ;

WALT MARCYAN 1398 SUNSET BLVD . lOS ANGELES 26, CALIF .

Extra strong Carry them with you wherever you travel.

$5.95 POST PAID Complete In Ct;l lifornia add '&:'IfTIU:AAICIY Photo- Balancing 4% sales tax . ST~BLE : Course Included with each order 27


CO~AL GABLES YOUTH CEN.TER GRO U P: Upper le fl-Bo wlillg pills alld ball; U;b pe,. righl-Liltle Mariallll

V an ( a/{e 7) ; Cell i er-A my BaJoczk y; Abo ve .Lefl-loall Laul er alld Rulh Above nglll-Advanced Coral Gables GymnastIc. class.

AIIII

Ihe ,' double but j llst made a oll e-alld-a-half or ,,"ayhe I should SO)' three路quarters to th e -

fac e. HI! immedi,atei)I got up and tried it over agam but '~ l l th e, sa ll~ e lOa )'. He was /)r e parmg 10 trl' It a tlurd 1l1ne but the stag e manager "aliI! d own th e c urtaill. J ohtmy says Htalk about nerve"! yes I g uess he had it all right. I expect he se l a record fo1' double backs Oil th e sloge that w ill Jteve,. be ' b ro ken . Vic

Ed.: Thanks Vic, your corrections are as interestina as the articles.

CORRECTIO N PLEASE D ear Glenll: 111 )'our issue of S e pt ., Oct., ill my article OIL th e double s~ m ersa llit you, or I, or zee, had Co lleq llo dOIn!! a three way routiue hut O1,lly crosslllg the pad t wice. L e t's giue him IllS due . It shollid ,'ea d like Ihis: I. R Ollll doff Iwo flip-flaps fllll-alld- a.-hall 10 Ih e hallds' 2. Ha ll d-jerk Iwo fli/J-tlaps fllll-alld -a-half I ~ Ih e hallds; 3. Halld-jerk Iwo flip -flaps a filII alld a f orw ard. This ro utin e lUas d one in dall ci"g shoes, he challged shoes 10 do Ih e dOllble . A frielld of mille w ho was back slage at Ih e old Hipp says th at Ollce {{' hen Col/eallo we nt 10 change shoes he foulld his brolher had hid Ih elll l or a joke-so he we 1l1 out and did th e d ou ble in his slockinJ! fe et. This indica tes a ve ry no nchalallt attitude to ward th e dou~ ble! Ou ce in Balt imore Georl!c Ga thrig ht in uit ed him up to th e Y.M.C .A . all d he d id a double in th e w restling 1路00 111 : rather close quarters! JohmlY Beahan wro t e m e that Hap Haz~ a.rd tells hi m that ollce w he n he w as 011 th e bill , will. Col/eal!o in Paris, {:o lleqllo_ Iried

28

* DIET D ear ' Mr, Sundby : M y .husband and I are new to gymnas tics and new subsc rib ers to )Io ur magazi ne. How ~ euer, we haue been interested in good health for many years, believing th at for op timum. health, strength an d all~aro und efficiency die t and exercise go hand in hand . The re /aTe we wo uld very much apprecia t e an article ill The Modern Gymnast 011 the relationship 0/ proper diet to good gymnastics, and we won der in parlicular of Olympic challlpiolls an d such superb gymnas ts as the Russians regulal e th ~i! die t as well QS_ th eir pra ctice fOT compe hllon. W e wou ld be ve ry pleased to read such an article or to hear of any CO tlWl e11ts readers have on th e subject. Sincerely yours, Norma Stew art rMrs, Malcolm Stewarll State College, Penna. Ed. It is a Lille idea and we hope t o pre- .

Eck erl doill g a Swedish fall; sen t some articles n ear future .

011

the

subject

in

th e

YOUTH CENTER D ear Mr. Sundby: I am most anxious that you and your sub scribe rs to The Modern Gymnast are aware oj the fin e gym.naslics programs going On in Dade County. Enclosed are some pictures of a few mem路 bel'S 01 the Coral Ga bles Youth Ce nter, w here I am th e gymnastics instructor. There are boys an d girls in the gymnastics classes, however, th e adv anced class is all girls. Th eir ages ,'allge I rom 7 to 14 yean 01 age. A t t he present there is little opporlunity for co mpetitio ll and so we app ear mostly in exhibitions and comm unity sh ows . Th e elem e ntary and junior high schools are ge ttillg 71wre gymnast ic equipment and with a few years there should be plellly of co mpetition . I ext en d an invita tion from th e Coral Ga~les. You th C e nter to all v isiting and va catlOnwg gy mnasts, to come and w ork ou t w hile th ey are in our area. Th ey ca n call me at CA 1-0077. We welco m e them , Sincerely, Pal Sig1lorelli Gymnast ics Instrllc tor Coral Gables Youth Cellier C.oral Gables, Florida

*

OHIO CLINIC D ear Glell: The 211d Nort hwestelll Ohio Gy m1lastic CUnic is over and th e sa tISfa ct ion of seein~


a job well

d01le

is i.('o-rl hwhiie

bllt 10

see a7ld

h ear the results is l('hat lC 'arms yOlt/' h ea rt. Mall), peo /li e H'ere acquaillted l{,j llt eq uip11/ £ 111 that tll t y had neve r seell 1I0r {co rked . on. • Also ,t'e l('ill be ho s/i,,!! th e I, O/),mplcs tltt~ 10j/ Sill/day ill A/nil. II li til gil e li S a boos t in thai this a'ill be th e jirst tilll e that Akroll has eve r s/lo.lIsored a ' meet Olt a Na tiollal lellel. Ollt! uj" our main flbjectJ i" this area is 10 acquaint IJeo /,le' 'with .J!Y"'~/as lics. and t~e /u:o/J/e .clw lire work/III! III till S area 111 JD'U11taJlics.

With th e hell) 0/ R/ld)' alld laU d DOc/lilli, /J ell"\' A/a)'cock , Jo e Toth, J oe JJola ce k , Ste ..:e BOll Ja k. 11'111 . Snilis, 1\11" . and A1!"s. StoKe!. Stepholl;(! Amudio, NOll c), Bolda'"" B.Oll1l1 t! L.oi:e, oud eS/Jt!ciall), G eo. Nissen olld man y others, this Clillic «'as ,wi olll y ;.('ell 01'1!a"i:ed but accidenl 'ree. l1' e rLSed a coa.ch alld ass' t on eac h l}/IiCe of a p/JO ra 1li S u: lllt l!- Ih ~rd IJfJrsrm regu/aliul! alld k eeJ)illl! II ~o l}/e /Pl. IlIl e as tire), approa ched th~ aPIJOtalus. Also we had 1;('0 o/He n :ers roamwl! th e floor k ee l';"!: all i'ye 011 th e acl;"ily 10 see if el'er)'thilll! H'(1S goiJl~ flll fjl!hl. lvll". Craha'~t and 1\1r. Hjll e r did this job lor 11 5 alld It (('as a bj!.? heili. Sincerely . Arden (.'rallo Akro n, Ohio

PROFILE Hi Glellll: The )'Ollllg gym1ZaH~ that I work w ith asked me to write you to see w hat you think oj the idea of ha uing a feature in each issue 0/ "T he Modern Gym1last" on an ou~stand ­ ing national or illtenlatiollal gymnast, I1Icluding his picture together w ith vi tal slatistics such as height, weig ht , body measurements and age. Also w hen they started in gym nastics and where; in addition to allY pe rsonal training and diet habits. The boys seem to be mostly interested in people like Donald Tonry, Armalldo Vega, Yuri Titoa, Boris Shakhlill , Albert A zerya n, Yukio Endo, l'akashi Ono, Miroslav Germ and Menichelli of Iialy . I thi11k it's a fine idea, how about yo u ? Thank you veQ' much . "Bob" Hanscom, Gymnastic Coach, Y.M.C.A., Sal~J11 , Mass. Ed.: For a starter here is some data 01

Arthur Shurlock . Age 2j , 16j lbs., height 5' 9". Art started gymnastics in 1952 in a C hi cago City playground. In 1955 Art won the Canadian National All-Around Championship. Was the U .S.A. National Champion on the Side Horse for 1957: '58 and 61 : and the HOI"izontal Bar Champ in ' 59. Art was a member of the USA '""orId Games T ea m to Mos('.ow in 1958 and the USA Team which toured Russia. Czechoslovakia and Poland in 1961. Art has a systematic workout procedure of three events one day an d three eve nts the next day. In working and dcveloping routine endurance he \,·ill do the first few moves of routine and the n proceed to the next few movements and so on until the exercise is completed. He will then repeat the process until he has gone through the routine several times with emphasis on each part of the exercise. From there on in as the weeks go by he gradually eliminates the breaks in the I'o.tltine until he can perform them from start to fini sh without a .H op. This method of tr~inillg along with str.:.ength exercises such as hand-stand push-ups! arch or hollow-back press-ups~ I rOil-cross exe rcises (with a rubbertubing ). and lowering to pla nge position frolll a hand-sta nd give him adequate endurance a nd strcngth with which to perform his routines. Art also incl ud es stretching excl'cises such as kicking legs to side fro nt and rear as well as forward and backward b!ll~di ng to develop his flexibility.

*

*

SUBJECTIVE flear M.G. : Afler reading Ihe Sept.-O cl.. issue. of M.G. 1 was stimulated to voice my OPl1ll0llS con cer71inQ gynl.1lastic judging . I n your article reportl1lg th e World Gymnastic Cham.pionshIps the follo wi ng statemellt was made in re/e.rence to the changing of Cerar's score by · the F.I .G. Jury; It is indeed a shame that it appeared th at the crowd influ enced the score challge, when in reali!), th e F.I .G. Jur'f, thr0l:!.g!l.

methodical work and vollllg ;llade the adjustmellt in the score. Had it been l!"Y oth e r way, it wO llid ha ve been a uital blow to the F.I.C. syst.n of scoring w hic h has lak ell years of hard work alld sludy 10 develop. ~ This brings to mind th e article by George Bau e r advocating a moderlliza ti~n of gyn.luast;c judging. w hich appeared 11l M .G. In th e pre vious isslle. I am co nvin ce d we De need a change i" th e F .l .C. I,/an to l1~ake j udgillg as objective alld aCC~lral e .as pOSSIble . Per haps this stat e ment. w l.1l brl1lg. p~o/ ests fr om some w h o will mal1ltalll that It .I·j- bad to become too objec ti ve. iVly poi,u is 1I0t to remove sub jectivity co mplet ely, beca use this is imposJible, but to l~e du ce it so ~ha.t instan ces sll ch as that at 1 raglle are elzml 1lat ed . I agree wit h Mr . Bauer i" his p roposal t o thro w Ollt the /Jrese"t require ment of difficulty IHed by th e F.I.C. MallY K.ymllas~s are d oillg se ve ral " c" rIlQt!ements 111 th eir rOllli" es alld, objecti vely speaking, sh ould ge l no more for dif/icult), t!zan a perfo rm e r w ho has ollly oll e ff C" mo ue ment. Of co urse these tol) performers are getting more /)()illts l!zall th e man wi th ol~e (f C" i1' i ~k, but it is beillg dOll e 01~ a .baSls of awardl."g more points for combl1iallOliS or by b~l1Ig less sei/ere in /Joint dedu ct ions for mUlor /aults. Th is. I mailltaill, creates subjectivity a~14 lack of /ai.r" ess. Sf?' ~!' th e re is ?!O ,/JTOVlSlO II to substItute a C/OI' an A or "n" 11I0 ue m e,1l it is illill eces.wry. again being s tri~t ly ,? b{~c[ilJe, toffh?,ue al1ytliing ,:~or.~ than fIVe A, four B. alld Olle G movem e nts in a routine. U nless it we re lor subjective judging w hy shou ld a gYl111lflst Iry t o mo ue abo ve this level? . What we need .is a scale of difficulty thai awards a full fnrl)' /10 ill Is ( Bau er's plall) for difficult y only lIIhen a. perform e r does ten "c" mo ve ment s. This is of co urse. exceedi1lgly ulllikely and scores for diffic ulty w ould be lo we red. This should be o f littl e concer n since the definiti ve valu e ill regard to pe r/orman ces is what is paramOll1lt . Mr. Bauer has solve d this problem by a. te visioll of his ow n plan w h ich appeared ill M.G. In this lalest plan C, B, and A move ments wou ld count 4, 2, and 1 !JO ints respectively. ff A" and ffB" mO~J e ll1 e 1/t s could be substitut ed for " e" movem ents and vice ve rsa . In fact all)' mo ve ments co uld be substituted lor allY other. If a performer did a routine of ten <f A" move ments he w ould gain ten points for difficulty. I f Ihe performance illcluded li ve "A" and fi ve " B" fift ee n points wo uld be given. O,dy the tell best mo ve ments wou ld be used in scoring. T en pOInts would cOlltinue to be awarded by a se parate ju dg e (Bauer's plall) for flu ency 0/ performance, style. and beauty of co mbinatioll . This would be th e ollly subjective area remailling.As. in Bauers plan , 1 believe th e use of a sepa rat e judge for difficulty, co mbinatio7l, and execution would be good. The use 0/ six judges ( two for eac h area, wo uld add va ~ lidity. An ave rage of th e two scores in each area would be used to reach th e total score. H ere is an example 0/ I he sco ri1lg system as opposed 10 F.I.G . F .I .G . Baue r 10 5 A 5 4 B 12 8 I C 4 6

2 A 6 B 2 C

oA 4 B 6 C

28

17

FIG. "4

Baue r

12 6

*

*' .

COMPUTER Dear Glelln: . At. th e suggestion of Jim Tanak a and O re ll Sairlpson at th e U.S. Air Force A cadem')" am se nding you a lUorking model of my judging co mputer. To ojJerate it. simply place the first finger of )'our right hand in the "V" notch marked fifty. As you observe the gYl1l1lasl perform, mo ve your finger up olle slot each tim e ),Oll notice a form break . If you must dedu ct olle poinl at a time, Hfeel" )lour

J.

As SO OIl as the contestallt co m.pletes ,xercise, you will already have figured form de ductions. . 1/ we assume that you have deduct ed te n poil/ts for form, your Iillger w ill be in th e " V" "otch marked fo,-ty. Next, align the w h eel marked difficult)' with the w heel marked form. Assume that the contestant did all eight par~ exercise w hic h in cluded both a HG" alld "B" mo ves . The difficulty w h eel woul d be se t at Iw e1l1),six- directly beside your finger in the slot marked forly ou th e outside w h eel. Last , set the inn e rmost w heel to the appropriate position. Assume, agaill, that the exercise was performed too quickly. Deduct three, align the three w heels alld you have the total sco re . . Sincerel)" Jack Prin ce, Presidellt Colorado Association of Gymllastic Coaches alld Officials

2 12 8

22

22

F.I.G.

Bauer

0

c'lwnge the rules to do objectiveiy w hat judges are trying to do subjectively every day . Cordially, . Mr. Clay Siebbilis Physical Edu catioll Ilistru c tor Sparla Jr . High School Sparta. Wisconsin

12 6

0 8 24

18

32

My filial poillt is this . Ob viously today's judges are not adhering to th e F.I.G. rules in rew arding top gymnasts. I believe th ey are forced to make subjective judgments . When a gym m eet has any more than six performers in all even t it becomes n ext to impossible to maintaill any d egree 0/ fair1I ess to t{le p erforme rs . To m e nothing could be ' more discouraging than wo rking hard to participate in a meet o."ly. t ~ be judged .Ul1 fairly because of subJect IV ISm . The /lrst, last and e ve ry performer should be judged on 'the same scale. In order to be fair l~.t's

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29


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Profile for USA Gymnastics

Modern Gymnast - December 1962  

Modern Gymnast - December 1962