Page 1

A NEW LOOK PIONEERED BY NISSEN Compare today's 'car with those of the 1920's. Quite a difference?, That's just what you'll see when you compare Nissen Medart's new Chrome line with other gymnastic apparatus. Gleaming, maint\!nance-free chrome finish, lightweight oval-shaped steel tubing construction (in place' of cast iron), finger tip adjustment, easy portability, and traditional Nissen Medart performance make the new Chrome line a lifetime investment for today's schools. This American made gymnastic apparatus conforms to Olympic specifications. Can you afford to buy anything less when it costs no more than ordinary gymnastic apparatus?

NISSEN MEDART CORPORATION, CEDAR RAPIDS" IOWA World's Largest Manufacturer of Gymnasium Apparatus

buy safetyThis is the imported gymnastic canvas shoe warn by the World and Olympic Champions. Top edge is bound with canvas for that wear-ever strong construction. Double duty elastic straps across the top provides for that perfect fit and appearance. Sale made of long"wearing white rubber. Shoe approved for women. Order some size as your street shoe or draw outline of foot on paper for correct size. In white only. Sizes : Kids, 12-5; Adults, 6-12 . Only $2 .50 pair, postpaid HANDGRI P made of pliant but very strong Japanese leather. Perfectly designed to give safety and protection to those hands. Identical handgrip worn by Melbourne and Rome horizontal bar Gold Medal winner. Sizes: Small, Medium and Large. Only $1 .40 pair, postpaid Immediate delivery. 10% team discount for 12 pairs shoes or handg·rips. Order From FRANK ENDO 12200 S. Berendo, Los Angeles 44, Calif.

• SAFEST DESIGNEDPrevents injuries

• QUALITY CONSTRUCfED -Maintenance free PREMIER offers THE most complete line of gym mats - in many colors, any size, any priceto meet any requirement - e1e~


For additional in/ormatioll wr;u for Ira (otalog or

"SKILL" SKILL : The Journal of Athletic Technology - Weight lifting , Circus, Handbalancing Instruction , Karate, Figure Course, Boxing, Wrestling, Bady-Building and many other features. Publ ished by Ken Woodward School of Physical Culture, 61 Talbot Road, Blackpool, Lancashire, England. 4 issues for $1.50, 8 issues for $3.00. In U .S.A . order from Sportshelf, P. O. Box, New Rochelle, New York.



Develops amateurs into finished gymnasts and tumblers in half the time. Provides far greater safety. Dispels fear . Simplifies coach · ing . Delivered. . $1-15.00.

158 OFFICIAL PARALLELS ..... $530.00 (11 '6" rails) 161 UNEVEN PARALLELS ...... $630.00 122 WOODEN POMMELS .. . .... $ 38.00 (Fit any brand horse. Send outline of existing pommels.)


OFFICIAL WOODEN RINGS $ 26.00 (Per pair.)

America/s most popular



mVMIC . ' •. DUPPLY ti~



gymnastic slipper. Availa'ble with white canvas upper and: Leather sole Red rubber sofe Black rubber sole White rubber sole



805 LAPORTE MELROSE PARK, ILLINOIS Buy direct from the manufacturer finest in gymnastic equipment the world over.

VAN DIXON FILM FUND We are pleased to report that many readers have con· tributed to the Van Dixon Film Fund (see M.G. Vol. 3 . No. 9, page 4) to replace equipment destroyed in the Brentwood . Bel·Air fire. When asked what was needed to resume Gymnastic film work, Van sta ted that to do a creditable job he would have to replace the following equi'pment that was lost in the fire : R ewinds ($15), viewer ($80) , splicer ($200) and projector ($450). Hi s ~amera was also destroyed, but Van feels this is not a pressing need as it would be easier . and less expensive to rent a professional motor·driven big reel camera when needed. The above needs total almost $750.00 and so far about $90.00 in various size donations has been received. Van hopes to find good used equipment which will make the sum needed considerably less. If you would like to con· tribute or know of any good used 16mm film equipment that is reasonable or can be donated to this cause please con tact: Van Dixon Film Fund, Box 611, Santa Monica, California. (It will be appreciated). Since many of the films destroyed had negatives filed in a Hollywood film la b, Van has been able to replace them with new copies. Listed below are rental copies available for your use to study and help stimulate Gym· nastics in your area. VAN DIXON GYMNASTIC 16mmSILENT MOTION PICTURE FILMS NATIONAL AAU CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR MEN, 19S4, SAN FERNANDO, CALIFORNIA: The compulsory and optiona l exercises were recorded in their entirety with out interruption on all pieces of apparatus. includ ing trampoline and Don Perry's world record 20 foot rope cl imb of 2 8 seconds. The names of the contestants are I isted in the order of their routines and the place taken by each exercise is also included. (1200 feet, $7.00 for 3-day rental ; $78.00 t o purchase) . NATIONAL AAU CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR MEN, 1958, SAN FERNANDO, CALIFORNIA: A complete documented record including the opening ceremonies, competitors, off icial s" compul so ry exercises for the all-around, specialist events, beautiful free exercise by Olympian Muriel Davis (Grosfeld), then endi ng with the best optional routines o f th'e champions. With each film is the meet brochure, including the names of a ll the competitors and a detailed d escription , mo ve by move, of all the compul sor y exercises. This wr itten material has a tremend o us val ue to the n ovice as well as the e x pert. (1200 feet , $7.00 for 3-da y rental ; $78.00 to purchase) . NATIONAL AAU CHAMPIONSltlPS FOR WOMEN. 1959, KENT, OHIO : The film shows all of the 1960 Olympic compulsory ex ercises It begins with the compul sory and optional horse vaulting and the compulsory unev ens . The optional routines are shown by Martha Nagy, Lillemor Medig, Muriel Davis (Grosfeld), Joyce Racek , Tere sa Montefusco, Ernestine Russell and Betty Maycock. It ends with a few beautiful tumbling routines. Edited by Van Dixon and Bud Marquette. (800 feet , $7.00 f o r 3·day rental; $59 .00 to purchase). OLYMPIC CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR MEN AND WOMEN, 1960, ROME, ITALY : The film consists o f complete routines of the men winners on each event; f or women, the uneven bars evercise of Tanaka (Japan) and a Russian gi rl , and work on the balahce beam . It was photographed and edited by Ken Bartlett, gymnastic coach at Long Beach State College. (1400 feet , $ 10.00 for 3-day rental; $ 100.00 to purchase). GRADED COMPULSORY EXERCISE, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA: This film consists o f three sections. Each section has an exercise on the long horse, side horse, parallel bars, horizonta l ba r , sti ll rin gs and fre e exercise . The first section is novice; the second, junior; the third , ,senior. The sen ior routines were the 1959 nat iona l compul sories. These senior routines were used as guides to make six ro utines on the nov ice level and six routines on the junior level. Written material is included w ith each f ilm , describing every m ove o f the eighteen exercises. This film is extremel y valuab le in presenting exercise difficulty and trick nomenclature. Olympians Jack Beckner and Attila Takach are the gymnasts. (400 feet , $7.00 for 3-day rental ; not for sale). GYMNASTICS SWISS STYLE, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA: It was filmed in 1956, during competition between the vis it ing Swiss Olympic team and a Southern California team . The U.S. team included four Oly mpic team members; Jack Beck ner, Richard Beckner, Charles Simms and Wi ll iam Tom . (800 feet , $7.00 for 3-day rental ; $5 9.00 t o purchase). GYMNASTICS JAPANESE STYLE, LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA: Made at Long Beach State Co llege of the men and women member of the Japanese Oly'!'pic team, during t heir 1961 U.S. t our. The men use the six pieces o f Olympic apparatus. The women are shown on the balance beam, unevens and free exercise. (1000 feet , $7 .00 f or 3 · day renta l; $73. 00 to purchase). GYMNASTICS LOS ANGELES HIGH SCHOOLS. The final competition of the city schoo ls. Compet itors arranged in ord er of their scores , the best one last . Excellen t for show ing the level of gy mnastics in The L.A. City Sc hoo l. A list of ' the competitors giving their places and schoo ls, is available by requ es t. (800 feet, $7.00 for 3-da y rental; $59 .00 t o purchase). Send all orders t o' Monica , California .










""""I&§. MOO

F ebruary




Volum e 4 . Number 2

CONTENTS 5 A No te From The Puhlisher ... 6 Chalk Talk ........... .. 7 National Gymnastic Clinic ............ ..... 10 European Report ... .........12 School Gymnastic Program ... ...... 14 Photo Contest . .. ....................... . Ben Price Memorial .................................................... 16 ..... ....... 18 Flint Sparks ....................... . .. .......... 19 Study of Back So mersault ... . Gymnastics Gimmi cks ...... _........ _. .._ .... _........ 20 World Game Compu lsories ......... _....................... ........ 22 NAGC News ._._. .. ........................... .. .................23 ....................... 24 Gym Forum ......... ..... _.. 25 Meet R esults .. _ _....................... 26 Back Date MG's Letters ..................... ...................... ....... ....................... _.. 28

COVER: Gil Larose, Canadian All·Around G:vmnast, now a lunior majoring in Ph.ysic al Education at th.e University of Michigan . Photo taken by lean·Paul Marcil, Immacu· late Conception Center, Montreal.

• •••••••••••••••••• ••••• Max J . Rud erian ................................ Publisher Glenn Sundby ......................... _................. Editor Charlie Simpls .. ...... .............. Associate EJitor Kurt Baechler ... European Editor Contributors: J eff H ennessey, Jim Baley, H erb Vogel, Bud Beyer, J ohn 1. Brodeur, Steve Johnson, Glenn Wilson, Mike Robbin s, Paul Fina. THE MODERN GYMNAST is published in the U.S.A., nine issues lor $3.00, 35c the single copy. All pic'tures and manuscripts submitted become the property 01 TH E MODERN GYMNAST unless a return request and sullicient postoge ore included. Published ma terial becomes the property 01 THE MODERN GYM· NAST. Copyright 1962 by Glenn Sundby, P. O. Box 611 - Santa Monica , Cal ifornia

Mr. Max Ruderian

A NOTE FROM THE PUBLISHER Dear Glenn and Mr. Ruderian : As you are aware, history shows time and time again that two individuals working poles apart have after years of experimentation and cere bration come upon the same or silimar results. The Nov.-Dec. 1961 issue of the M.G. briefly describes your plan of JGA, Inc. I'd like you to know that this somewhat similar idea is more than a year old. Naturally, not hauing the facilities that YOlL have (the M .G. and the worthy interest of Mr . Ruderian) you wouldn't know about m y "AMER ICA N GYMNASTICS ASSOCIATION." I see no conflict of profe ssional goals and enthusiastic interest. My hope and wish for many years has been that the m.en and women in our projession of Physical Education would become much more motivated in the task oj getting our American Youth " FIT THROUGH GYMNASTICS". In the near future, I should like to send YOlL for publication a Progress Report. Many thanks for your very fine "FITNESS CHARTS" which I received today. With kind regards,

Don Adolph, FllLshing, N. Y.




Dear M.G_ Readers: We well realize that much has already been done by many individuals such as Mr. Donald Adolph as well as many national organizations to promote "Fitness Thru Gymnastics"_ It is our desire to add to this total effort our facilities to be of service to all by helping to stirriulate national and lo cal interest through the medium of "The Modern Gymnast" with achievement charts and aw路ards. We invite all individuals and organizations who now have an effective program of planned "Fitness Thru Gymnastics" for youngsters, to send us progress reports, pictures and ideas which we can publish in the M.G. This way we hope to be of service to you throu gh incentive publicity and to other group s and individuals who can benefit from the program yo u have alread y proved successf u1. Sincerely, MAX RUDER IAN, Publisher of the Modern Gymnast



... • ••••

NAMES 'N NEWS KURT BAECHLER, MG European Editor was re cently honored with four other Swiss as the Sportsmen of the vear at the National Youth Ski Camp. Kurt and his friend s have been condu cting a ski camp for many years where boys and girls can come for ski trainin g at no charge. 400 boys and 400 girl s usually att end th e ski week (two year!' al!o 20 American children were invited) . The mon ey for this ski week is raised by industry and a thousand private sponsorships . . . We hear wh ere WALLY BICKMORE who run s th e Circus School at 820 Race SI. in San J ose is making custom Uni cycles for just 830.00 - a real bargain , most half a bikes run twice as mu ch . . . ED GOi'vIBOS writes he has received word that th e Slovak Gymn astic Union Sokol will send 4 men and 40 wom en to compete at the International Sokol F estival which is to be held in Vienna, Austria durin g the latter part of June and the early part of July , 1962. Th e fir st tryollt will be held at Kent State Uni versity at K ent, Ohio on April 14, 1962. Th e second tryout will be held in Jun e at Pittsburgh. Combined scores for both option als and compulsori es from both days will be used as a basis for selectin g the teams. ED feels (a s do we ) that the Sokols are progressin g consid erabl)" and doin g th eir share to ad vance the sport of Gymna sti cs in th e United States.



GYM NASTIC SCOR EBOARD Through the for esight, coo peration and good grace of "Biggie" ;\oIunn th e A thleti c Director and Frank Beeman the Intramural Director, Coach George Szy pula at Michi gan State now has a wond erful electrical Score Board. Prob· ably the first of its kind devoted to Gymn asti cs. [t has alread y heen used successfull y in several competit ions and really height ens the action and int erest in the meets. Each jud ge's assistant has a box containing two dials similar to a telephone dial. This hox has a cord leading out to a central con trol at the scorer's table. Each judge's assistant dial s them and then the master control is flipp ed and all scores fla sh simultaneously.

GYMNASTIC CALENDAR .. .... Mt . San Antonio Invitational Califo rnia M arch 3rd.. . .... ........ .. ......... High School Invitational Univ ersity o f D env er, Col orado March 16 th a n d 17th.. ..Western States Championships Sacramento, California March 17 th .. .. ... .... ...... .. .. ... College Invitational Univ ersity of Den v er, Col orado Marc h 23 rd and 24th .Calif. State College Championships Lo ng Beac h , Califo rnia March 2 9th , 30th and 3 1st ............. NCAA Championships Albuequerque, N ew M ex ico March 3 1st. . .. .... Jr. and Sr. SAAU Boys Championships New Orlea ns, Louisiana April 6th .... ................... .. ..... .. ... Long Beach Invitational Long Beach State Co llege, Califo rnia Apr i l 9th ........ .. .. .. . Southwestern Gymnastic Championships Lafa y ette, Louisiana April 13th.. . .. ............... Pasadena National Invitational March 2nd ..

PROGRESS REPORT - NATIONAL A.A.U. MEET The N a ti onal A.A.U. Senior Championships f or both men a n d women will be held in Seattle, Washington o n May 3rd , 4th a n d 5th. The meet w i l l be held in the Ci v ic ice Arena Building on the W orld Fair Grounds . The World 's Fair , with a Century 21 theme, will start on April 20th so the meet will be held shortly after the o pe ni ng . Ev er y effort is being made by the offi c ials of the W ashingto n Athletic Club, the sp onsoring group , t o make thi s y ear' s meet the b est National m eet ev er held. New equipment will be supplied by Nissen-Medart . Work-out g y m s w ill b e a v ailable prior t o the mee t. In-

e xpens ive

ho u s ing

has been reser ved

fo r competito rs.

Sea ttle w ill b e literall y bursting at the seams so th ose planning t o co me b etter make their reser v ation s earl y, An y rea d er w h o h as n o t rec ei v ed an e n try blank and

a gen eral in formati o n bulletin about the meet can ob tain them b y writing to : Dr. Eric Hughes, Gym nastic Coach , Un iv ersity of W ashington , Seattle 5 , W a shingt on. All g ym na st s are invi ted t o " Meet in Seattl e" a nd " Go t o the Fair" a s well as participate in the 1962 National Cham pi on ship M ee t .


Pa sadena City College, California

April 13th and 14th.. .

..Southwest AAU Championships Dallas , Tex as April 19th and 20th ........ .. .... SPAAA Senior Championships Clev eland High School , Las Angeles , Calif. May 3rd 4th and 5th .. .. .. .. .... National AAU Championships Seattle, Washington

N ORTH·SOUTH TEAMS, Left to Right: No rth Coach , Carl Patterson, Temple Universil,y; Jani ce Dnnham, Flint, lvlichigan (FM); Ja ckie Larsen , FM; Dale McClements, S eattle, Washington ; B etty Maycock, K ent State, Ohio ; Meet Director, Dr. Ralph Piper ; Donna S chenzer, FM ; Judy Dwtham, FM ; Jani ce Landry, Port Allen. La. ; Jud y Wills , Gul/port, Miss.; SOllth Coach, Joe Gusic, Florida South ern University. Second row: Marilyn Schneggenburger, Bu//alo, New York ; Judy Klauser, FM ; Marie Walther, Cleveland, Ohio; Doris Fu chs, Ro chester, New York ; Mu riel Gross/eld, Champaign, 1Il. (CI); Sharon Richardson, New Haven, Conn.; Ruth Eberhardt, Chicago, Ill. (Chi.I.); Gail Fisher, Chi.!. Third row: Greg Weiss, Penn State ; Jim Woad , Southern Illinois (S f) ; Da ve Stone, Minn. ; Ray Hadley, Chi.I.; Frank S chmitz, Lafayette, La (LL) ; Robert Porterfield, U. 0/ Iowa (U I) ; Jim Bussolati, LL ; Greg Speck, New Yor'k City; Fourth row: Abie Gross/eld, CI; Joe Lascari, Unive rsity of Michigan; Jim Durke e, .M ichigan State (MS); Steve Johnson, MS ; R. H enry, Kansas City, Mo. ; Bob Schmitz, UI ; Jerry Smith, LL ; Charles Stewart, LL. Fifth row: Jon Culbertson , Chi.l. ; Marshall Claus, Chi.!. ; J. Jarrett, Ohio State; Frank Sanders, FM. Sixth row : Ed Isabelle, Spring/ield, Mass.; Fred Orlo/sk" , 51; Bob Carman , MS; Jerry George, New Orleans, La. ; Russell Mills , Yale ; Dave Fritze, Uni ve rsity 0/ Minnesota ; Bill Buck , UI.

NATIO TAL GYMNASTIC CLI TIC SARASOTA, FLORIDA By Jeff Hennessy, Coach, University of Southwestern Louisiana The 1961 National Clinic go t underway on Dec. 26 with the preliminaries for the World's Cham· pionships to be held in Prague in July 1962. The competition was close for both the men and women, but the women showed better form in executing th eir routines. The final outcome was decided Wednesday night, Dec. 27th , with Don Tonry and Amando Vega fi ghtin g it out for first place. In the end it was Tol1l'Y 113.10 and Vega 112.25 with Larry Banner, Bob Lynn , Bruno Klauss and Abe Grossfeld fin ish· in g in that order. The women's competition wa s close with Doris Fuchs copping top honors with a score of 74.45 anci .Muriel Grossfeld fini shin g second and a close second at that with a score of 74.25. Followin g the two pace setters were Sharon Richard son, Betty Maycock, Gale Songerath and Dale McClements. Lido Beach was the scene of many gymnasts working out on the apparatu s on Tuesday, Dec. 26th but on Wednesda y the temperature dropped

to 28 and most of the activiti es from then on were held indoors, except for a few die·hards who ca n· tinued to hrave the weather. During the course of the clinic several meets were held allowin g all ages to take part. There was an age group meet for boys and girls 12 and under, one for boys and girls 15 and under and a championship meet for the men and women who did not make up the North-South teams. As the clinic drew to a clo se the No rth-South teams were chosen for thi s annual meet to be held in the Municipal Auditorium on the last da y of the clinic on Saturdav. December :-IOth . Th e North evened the score thi s' )'ear with a 62-34 thumpin;r of the South. This makes it fiv e for th e No rth and five for th e South. The North recorded victories in all six eve nts this vear. Ahe Crossfeld on the Horizontal Bar with 'a 9.'7, Bill Buck was tops on the side h~r se with a 9.75. Steve John so n took top honors on the trampoline with a 9.5. Thi s was the on ly event that th e South tea m trul y represented hy real "cotton Pi ckin " Southerners. Th e four rehound tumhlers all hailed from Lafavette. La. Two we re fr om th e l ' niversity of South\\~stel'l~ Loui sian a. They are


Barbara Galleher

Charles Stewart, Jim Bussolati and th e other two we re hi gh school boys from Lafayette. These two we re Frank Schmitz of Lafayette Senior Hi gh and Wayne Mi ll er of Cath edral High. Th e men's parallel har winner was Greg Weiss. He posted a score of 9.75. Doris Fu chs had 9.85 to take top honors on the unevens and Betty Maycock took the floor exercise with 9.5S. As the meet came to a close, Jud y Will s gave one of her fabulous tumblin g and rebound tumblin g exhibitions. The Research Committee of th e lational Gymnasti c Clini c and the National Association of Gymnasti c Coaches voted on the research p ro jects related to Gymnasti cs as submitted by graduate students. The followin /! Men will receive the Research Awards of the National Gymnastic Clini c and the N.A .G.C. respectively : Patri ck Bird, Actin g Gym,nasti c Coach, U. of Ill inois and Robert Schwarzkopf, Asst. Gymnastic Coach , V . of Washin gton. This was th e final curtain on the 1961 National Gymnasti c Cl inic. This year's pro grams of instructio n were ve ry good and well received by the overflow in g crowds that attended. The delegation from Louisiana was probably the la rgest single group there, numberin g about 65 p eople in all. TORTH - SOUTH MEET MEN HORIZONTAL BAR: 1. Abie Grossfeld (N), 2. Jon Culbertson ( N ), 3. Russ P oterfield (S ). SIDE HORSE: 1. Bill Buck (N), 2. Fred Orlofsky (S ) , 3. J erry Hall (N). PARALLEL , BARS : 1. Greg Weiss ( N ) , 2. Don Tonry (S), 3. Arn o Lascari (N) . REBOU ND TUMBLING : 1. Steve Johnson (N), 2. Frank Schmitz (S ), 3. Fred Sand ers (Nl. WO M EN F RE E CA LISTHENICS: 1. Betty Maycock ( N), 2. _i arie Walther (N), 3. Dale McClementes (N) . UNEVEN P ARALLELS: 1. Doris Fuchs (N), 2. Sharon Richarson (S), 3. Muri el Gross feld (S).

Gymn asts from the U.S.L. at Lafaye tte, L ouisiana. Top: Charles Stewart . A bove' L. to R. : W ayne Miller, Bill Meage r and Jim Bu ssolati. Below : L awson Ki ng on the P. Bars and R on Lato llr an.d th e R ings . (All photos 0/ clinic by J eli Hen nessey) .

NATIO NA L INDIVIDUAL CLINIC CHAMPIONSHIPS MEN ALL AROUND: 1. Ru sty Mitchell, 2. J erry Hall, 3. Yoshi Hatan o. F REE X: 1. Rusty Mitchell, 2. J . Moen, 3. Yoshi LO NG HORSE: 1. B. Hladik, 2. C. Voas, 3. Y. Hatan o. SIDE HORSE : 1. J. Pasternak, 2. J erry Hall, 3. R. Mitchell. HORIZONTAL BAR : 1. J . H all, 2. M. Geocarri s, 3. R. Mitchell. PARALLEL BAR : 1. R. Mitchell, 2. A. Ehrlich, 3. J. Hall. RINGS: 1. G. Reyers, 2. M. Geocarris, 3. J . Yohn. ~ WOMEN ALL ARO UN D: 1. Patty Kelly, 2. Dian e Kurtz, 3. Linda Volade. F REE X. 1. Diane Kurtz, 2. Gl endene Larimore, 3. Pa tty Kelly. BALAN CE BEAM: 1. Linda Volade, Tie, Pa tty Kell y, 2. Marilyn Campbell. UNEVEN BARS : 1. Patty Kell y, 2. Barbara Babuska, 3. Glendene Larimore. SIDE HORSE VAULT : 1. Barbara Zweifel, 2. Diane Kurtz, 3. Patty Kelly. NA TION AL GYMNASTIC CLINIC AGE GROUP CHAMPIONSHIPS GIRLS TWELVE A N D UNDER REBOUN D T UMBLING: 1. Carroll Gainer, 2. Patty _-liller, 3. Barb ara Bauer. TUMBLING: 1. Barbara Bauer , 2. Patty Miller, 3. Judy Schwomeyer. FREE X : 1. Wanda Bissell, 2. Kathy Blackwell, 3. Terry Spencer. BOY S TWEL VE A N D UNDER REBOUND T UMBLING: 1. John Jacobsen, 2. Gary Lassiter, 3. Ronni e Keinigs. TUMBLING: 1. Ronnie Keinigs, 2. Ha rold Tielout, 3. Gary Lassiter. FREE X: 1. Jim Bec k, 2. Dick Brillhart, 3. Dicky Eggleston.

Abie Gro8s/eld

BOYS FIFTEEN AND UNDER REBOUND TUMBLING: l. Wayne Miller, 2. Drew Allen, 3. David Creech. TUMBLING: 1. Slemmer, 2. J. Crosley, 3. Drew Allen. FREE X: 1. John Crosley, 2. Rollie Steele, 3. Clemmer. LONG HORSE: l. Tom Dono路 van, 2. Clemmer, 3. Smith. SIDE HORSE: l. Cohen, 2. Tom Donovan, 3. Tom Patterson. HORIZONTAL BAR. 1. Cohen, 2. Smith, 3. Clemmer. PARALLEL BARS: 1. Tom Donovan, 2. Cohen, 3. Clemmer. STILL RINGS : 1. Cohen, 2. Tom Donovan, 3. Craig Hopkins.

Greg Weiss


MEN 1. Tonry 113.10 ; 2. Vega 112.25; 3. Banner 110.10 ; 4. Lynn 109.85; 5. Klaus 108.45; 6. Grossfeld 108.15; 7. Weiler 107.55; 8. Beckner 107.25 ; 9. Cluberson 106.80 ; 10. Weiss 106.40; 11. Werner 105.65; 12. Claus 99.90; 13. Hadley 98.15 ; 14.. Muzycko 97.7.1; 15. Isabelle 88.90; 6. Toth 76.55; 17. Bridges 75.70.

GIRLS FIFTEEN AND UNDER REBOUND TUMBLING: 1. Judy Wills, 2. Ann Whittman, 3. Beverly Averyt. TUMBLING: 1. Judy Wills, 2. Lynne Reynolds, 3. Beverly Averyt. FLOOR EXERCISE : 1. Judy Dunham , 2. Jackie Larsen, 3. Susan McDonnell. BAL路 ANCE BEAM: l. Judy Wills, 2. Soughers, 3. Joan Dunham. SIDE HORSE VAULT: 1. Susan McDonnell, 2. Sherry Schauer. 3. Judy Wills. UNEVEN BARS: l. Judy Dunham, 2. Susan McDonnell, 3. Linda Metheny. lack Beckner

WOMEN 1. Fu'chs 74.15; 2. Grossfeld 74.25; 3. Richardson 73.80; 4. Maycock 73.60; 5. Songerath 73.35; 6. McClements 72.20 ; 7. Duneham 71.05; 8. Tieber 70.00; 9. Walther 68.80 ; 10. Eberhart 68.20; 11. Klauser 68.15; 12. Corrigan 67.75; 13. Rabun 66.85; 14. Schneggenherger 66.25 ; 15. Schaenzer 65.65; 16. Landry 64.70; 17. Culbertson 64.30 ; 18. Averyt 63.45; 19. Kral 59.90 ; 20. Sawitzke 59.70 ; 21. Lucas 57.70; Keuler 54.80; 23. Lavikka 42.75. Larry Banner


THE MODERN GYMNAST European Editor: Kurt Baechler, Guemligen/BE (Switzerland)

Tel. 520736


NOTES FROM EUROPE GERMANY: Among the fifteen West German probables for Prague are: Basemer. Becker, Bischof, En enkel, Engel, Furst, Hermann , Hirsch, Hofm ann , J akoby. l aschek, Lyhs, Michel, Schelle and Schlenker. Twelve are from th e Sou th, one from the North and two from the very strong West, West-Germ any_ Top Gymna sts Koska , Groborz, Friedri ch and Zschunke will not be able to com pete in Prague as two of them immigrated from P oland and the other two fl ed from Leipzig which is in Eastern Germ any. There is onl y one man left from the 1958 tea m in i" Ioscow, P hilip Furst (who is now studying at the German Turner School in Frankfurt un der the expert instructi on of Adalbert Dickhot ). Past top Gymnast Lohman , Herbert Schmitt and FriedheIm Trrl e will not be competing. However it is expected th at thi s year's team will be much st.ron ger than the one which co mpeted in th e last World Champi onships in Moscow. LUXEMBOURG : J osy Stoffel, 34 yeat old happy go lucky gy mnast who has made many comebacks is once more winnin g competiti ons. He recently won th e Luxembourg Championshi ps with a respectable 57 _55 score for th e thirteen th tim e ! He receiyed a 9.70 on the Rin gs and a 9_65 on th e P Bars and Free-X. Stoffel is also very good on the Trampolin e (H uberty was second with 56.35 and a 9.70 on th e H Bar and a 9.60 on the P Bars). SWITZERLAND: Even though Eastern sport relations have not been good since th e Russ ian interference in Hun gary whi ch mad e the Swiss withdraw th eir team fr om th e Ol ympic Ga mes in Melbourne and kept them from competin g in th e last Championships in Moscow, they will probabl y send a team to Prague pend in g offi cial acti on of the asse mbl y of the Eid. Turnverein whi ch will handl e th e matter . . . The Swiss c.ompetitive Gymnasts may soon have th eir own Gym beca use of a magnificent donation by their honorabl e member Han s Schachenmann. This will allow th em to build a wonderful building (probably up in Macoln ) wh ich will fill th eir needs for work outs, clinics, etc.

* SWISS WINTER CHAMPIONSHIPS Th e Swi ss Championships preliminary round is fini shed with Han s Schwarzentru ber leadin g in front of Kurt Schw eizer, both arc from Luzern Burger. Th e Little Bernese Turnverein Berna has 8 boys in the half final , a unique performance of a little Turnvere in . The Na ti onal team did not have to tak e part in the Prelimin ary round (actually it is too bad , from my view point they need such elemetary fi ghts in ord er to harden their nerves) .


Kurt Baechler REBOUND TUMBLING IN EUROPE There is great development in view for Rebound Tumbling in Europe in 1962. Four international competitions are planned, the Int ernational Open in Ludwigshafen, Germany in May, the International Rebound Tumbling Competition in Dron gen, Belgi um in June, the International Bern ese Championships in Jun e and th e 6th International Nissen Cup in Wasen, Switzerland (the old est R. T . competition in Eureope). The Germans have also sent out invitations to team competition to Switzerland and the U.S.A. There will probably be a Rebound Tumbling demonstrati on at th e World Championships in Prague and the FIG will have to make a fi rm decision soon on how they stand in regard s to Rebound Tumbling_ There is still a strong belief in Europe that R.T. should be und er FIG conrtol (it is also the hope of this writer that they do) . However, on the oth er hand , R .T _ is growing so fa st in Europe th at this sport will have to get organized on an International level with or wi thout the FIG_ We in Europe hope th e mother land of Rebound Tumblin g, th e USA, will support the Germ an proposition this time to the FIG. We hope the USA will also encourage Canada and th e Latin Am erican countries to add their sup port. The firm positive pos ition of th e USA is absolut ely necessa ry in order to make th e FIG take on Rebound Tumblin g, as there are quite a few countries over here in Europe who are awiting and will not make any stand until they see what the Americans have to say about th e event th e American s originated.

* USSR WINTER CHAMPIONSHIPS In th e recent winter Gymnastic Championships in Ru ssia, Yuri Tito\, took top honors in the All-Aro und with a score of 113.75, Leonti ev was second with 113.30, Tsapenko placed third wi th 113.--, and Shari in with 112.65 cam e in fourt.h a full point and a tenth behind Titov. Arkaniev and Mak llrin ti ed for fifth with a score of 111.70 each.

ITALTAN WOM E I'S CHAMPIONSHIPS Rosell a and Miran da Cisognani of Forli placed first and second with 38.40 and 38.00 respectively in the Elite Class of the Women's Gymnastic Championsllips in Italy. Ann e Maria Fagherazzi from Venezia was third with 37.35 and Elena Lagorara of Genova placed fourth with 36.90. :;:



ITALIA N CHAMPIONSHIPS Th e .3.5 th National Championships were held recentl y in Savona. Only four of the top ltalian Gymnasts were on hand in the E lite competition class to do the World Gam es compul sories, Givoanni Carminucci, Franco Menichelli, Angelo Vi cardi and Bruno Franceschetti , leaving Pasquale Carminu cci ( hurt ), Franco Marzolla (j ust marri ed! ), Siligo an d Cimnoghi (hurt ) at home. It was a hard fi ght and Giovanni Carminu cci is still the best Gymnast and hi s style of performi ng certainly looks more impressive than that of lightweight Meni chelli, who of co urse is still tops in Free-X and on the Rings. Franceschetti still does not seem quite ready to compete on an International level. Also co mpetin g were 12 Seniors in the general c1as5 and 36 .Juniors. But between th em and th e top three there is such a bi g difference. Italy will r eally have to work very hard in order to maintain a team of top international standard. However, the top Gymnasts are still very young and should be able to hold up the Italian standard for a few more years until the youn gsters are ready. ~IEET RESULTS ALL-AHOUl'."D: Ca rminucci, 114. 95; Men ichelli, 114.35 ; Vicar di, 111. SO ; Francesch e tt, 102. LONG HORSE: Carminucci , 9. 70 (9.4 5 compu lsory); Menich eJli, 9.50 (9.55); V icardi , 9.40 (9.05); Fra n cesch e tti, 9.20 (9.00). P -BARS: Car., 9.75 (9.S0); Men. , 9.50 (9.50 ); V ic. , 9:30 (9.50 ); Fra., 8.GO (9.50) . SIDE HORSE: V ic., 9.60 (9.40); Men ., 9.55 (9.40); Car., 9.45 (9.35); Fra. , 9.00 (8.35). S TILL R I NG S: Men. , 9.80 (9 .50); Car., 9.60 (9.5 0); Vic., 9.30 (9.05 ); Fra., 8.S0; (8 .60 ). FREE -X : Men ., 9.70 (9.60); Car. , 9.60 (9.45); Vic. , 9.20 (9.15); Fra., S.35 (S.--). HORIZON T AL BAR : Car. , 9.60 (9 .70) ; V ic ., 9.55 (9.30) ; Car. , 9.30 (9.45) ; Fra., 8.50 (S. 15).

Ro ce lla Cisognani Giovanni Carmillllcci

ANY SCHOOL CAN HAVE A COMPLETE GYM NASTICS PROGRAM Dr. James A. Baley, Assistant Professor University of Connecticut

formerlJ Professor and Head of Health Education Mi ssissippi Southern College Anv school, college, or university can provide for its students and (;ommunity a complete gym· nastics program even though there is little or no gymnastic equipment available, no bud get pro· vided , and even thou gh there are no gymnasts en· rolled and no coaching salary provided. This was accomplished at Mi ssissippi Southern College from 1957 until 1959. During one school year, and only the second in operation of the gymna stic program , a total of over two hundred children and young people between five and twenty years of age who were residents of the Hattiesburg community par· ticipated in the Mi ssiss ippi Southern Tumhling Tots and Teen s pro gram every Saturday morning. Over fifty college students and children of the community presented a total of twenty demonstra· tions and twenty televi sion appearances during the courses of this year. The varsity gymnastic team of ei ght men placed second in the Gulf States A.A.U. , the Southern A.A.D. , the Junior National A.A. U., and the Southern Intercollegiate Gymnastic Champion ship s. Memhers of the team included a member of the U.S . Pan American Gym Team , a former national tumblin g champion , and a Junior National A.A.l.; . and Southern Intercollegiate all· around champion . The followin g were the guiding principles which made these accomplishments possible:


1. Gymnastics should be used to serve children and adults throu gh improving their health and physical fitness status, by helping them to gain self·confidence, self·assurance, and poi se, and by helpin g them to develop other desirable qualities of personality and character. 2. Gymnasts have the moral obligation to help as man y people as possible to di scover the fun and values inherent in participation in gymnastics. ;1. Maximum use should be made of all com· munication media to interpret the program to the students and the community. 4. Expen ses should be kept to a minimum. 5. Community interest, participation, and sup · port is as vital as is that of the college. The above principles have the following impli· cations, some of which may be at variance with established thinking: ]. Society does not owe a boy a subsidy because he is skilled in gymnastics. Rather, the boy owes society a debt to help people to discover this activity as he was led to its discovery. 2. A great competitive team is not the goal it is only one of man y means to the end of bring. ing gymnastics to more people. 3. The intercollegiate athletic program is an integral part of the physical education program , in fact; of the total educational program. The varsity team and the ph ysical edu cation program are but parts of the larger whole. Each compliments and supplements the other. 4. The primary purpose of the utili zation of all publicity media is not to glorify any athlete, the coach, or the educational in stitution but to extend the arena of the educational process. The administrative procedures which made this pro gram possible follow: 1. A special account was establi shed in the col· lege business office in which was deposited all proceeds from the M.S.C. Tumbling Tots and Teen s, advertisements in programs, admission fees to ex· hibitions , meets, and talent contests, and entry fees for meets. Withdrawal s were made for gym· nastic equipment, uniform s, travel, hotel , meal s, entry fees, phone calis, and equipment repair upon presentation of receipts, work orders, travel vouchers, or purchase orders. 2. -Hi gh school gymnasts were contacted and offered an opportunity to contribute to the growth of gymnastics in a gymnastically undeveloped area. In return for a waiver of the $200 out·of·state tuition fee and fifty cents per hour, gymnasts help . ed in the Tumblin g Tots and Teens pro gram on Saturday mornin gs from 9 :00 a.m. until noon and assisted in the development of the gymnastic pro · gram in other manners such as, repairing and paintin g equipment, selling tickets, and building equipment. 3. A tentative competitive team and exhibition troupe schedule was drawn up before the gymnasts arrived. (Gymnasts want to compete and to ex· hibit their skills. ) 4. Faculty and members of the community were informed of the initiation of the Tumbling Tots and Teen s' programs and invited to participate via

noti ces in facult y mailboxes, articles in the campu s a nd city newsp apers, radio and television ann oun ce· ments and programs, noti ces on bull etin boa rd s. a nd demonstrati ons at elementary, junior hi gh, and seni or hi gh school assem bl y programs: and demon· strati ons for civic and oth er community gr oup s. T ap e recordin gs and movies were made, and skilled gymnasts from the area were invited to jlp. rform . 5. As soo n as man y was ava ilable, a dditi onal eq ui p ment was purchased in ord er to mak e pos· sibl e a broader gymnasti c program for th e chil· dren and the college students. 6. Expenses durin g comp etitive team trip s were kept to a minimum by purchasin g in ex pensive but nouri shin g meals, sleepin g in the dormitories, gymnasium , or th e homes of th e oppo sin g gymnasts (and return in g these favo rs when th e oth er teams came to Mississippi So uth ern Co liege) , and bv prov idin g only gas for gymnasts or th e coaches' cars for tra vel ra ther than the usual seven cents p er mil e. A review of tra vel vo uchers shows that the ave ra ge cost per meal per man ,vas 75 cents. 7. Classes, vars ity gymnasts, and the coach built mu ch of th e equipment used . Balan ce beams, bea t boards, balan cin g ladders, " bon go" boards, and va ultin g boxes ca n serve as well when home made as when purchased. Equipm ent can be repaired and reno vated by th e team mem bers and th e coach. 8. The prin cip al so urce of revenue for thi s pro· gram was the Tumblin g T ots and T eens program . The enroll ment fee was $10 per qua rter. for twelve 1% hours lessons. Enrollment in this city of 38,000 steadily grew f rom 40 children durin g the fjrst qu arte r of operati on to 135 children durin g the fifth quarter. Additiona l revenue came from ad ver· tisements in pro grams, demonstration s at high schools, coll eges, YMCA's, and on the home cam· pus, talent contests, and entry fees. Ou t of the pro ceeds were p urchased such items as climbin g rop es, horizontal bars l parallel bars,

mats, balance beams, va ultin g boxes, uni cycles, and tramp olines whi ch will be used by all phys ica l educati on classes fo r many years. Exp enses for operati on of the com p etiti ve team a nd th e exhibi · tion group such as, tra vel, meal s, uniforms, cos· tumes, equipment re pai r and ma in te nan ce s uch as pa int, nuts and bolts, etc., phone bills, publi city pictures, printin g of ti cke ts and pro grams, r enta l of the college b us and truck, and meda ls and trophies were also pa id for fr om moni es earned through the gymn astic program. Mississippi South· ern Co llege had received a great deal of publicity via some twent y television a ppearances, throu gh some fifty demon stra tions at YMCA's, el ementar y schools, hi gh schools, junior co lleges, before civi c gr oups, and at h alf times of foo tball and basket· ball games. But the most imp ortant outcomes ha ve been that man y you ng people have been introdu ced to a new sport whi ch may meet their needs and interests. Man y youn g spectators have been made aware of the imp ortan ce an d app eal of fitn ess and health since thi s was the do minant theme recurrin g ove r and over throughout every demonstration. Though the seed planted mi ght lie dorm ant for man y years, it mi ght also come to li fe and bear fruit several years hence. You too can ha ve a complete gymnasti c program if yo u want one badly eno ugh. It will take energy, time, and frustra tion ; but as yo u watch the hoys and girls and young men and women grow in skill , stren gth, confiden ce, poise, and fitn ess, you'll con· c1ude that th e satisfi ed feelin g is well worth the effo rt. Why don't yo u. try it ? In cidentally, if yo u' d like to develop a tennis, swimmin g, or soccer pro· gr am, the same prin ciples would probably appl y. Thi s was intercoll egiate athletes conducted on a truly amateur basis with the ideal of service moti· vatin g all those involved in or aidin g the pro gram . P ersonal material r ewards are not needed to hi ghly motivate yo un g athl etes or th ose ass istin g them.

Below left to right: Bob Terrettie, fonner M .S.C. Gymnast who is presently assisting R ene Kern at th e Brooklyn Central Y MCA ; Barbara Galleher, a M.S. C. Gymnast '58.'59 doin.g a back layout son~mie with a double full twist {notice how the twist is initiated from the mat}, Hal Tessier, fl!,rmer M .S .C. Gymnast holding a one hand stand on the P. Bars . .


TH E MODERN GYMNAST PHOTO CONTEST FIRST PLACE thi s edition goes to David W. Carmolli of Largo, Florida for this exceptional photo taken on the campus of the University of South Florida. Picture was tak en in the late afternoon. with a Pentax 35 mm. camera, plus X film, shutter speed 1/500, with a F 11 opening. SECOND PLACE was won bv Abie Grossfeld for this photo of Don Tonry doing a Hecht dismount during USA vs. USSR Dual Meet in Moscow, USSR in August. Photo was taken with an M路3 Leica using Tri路X film at a shutter speed of 1/100 with an F 2 opening. THIRD AWARD goes to Dennis Roby of West Covina, Calif. for this unusual photo of himself taken on his back yard rings with an Argus Super路seventy-five camera. HONORABLE MENTION AWARD was won by Don Chestnut at the Ottawa, Illinois Y.M.C.A. of George Bute with a Polaroid IlO路A Camera using 3200 ASA Film, shutter speed 1/125, lens opening F-Il with existing light.






INVITAl GYMNASTIC Ct Pictured here are scenes Price Memorial Invitational which opened the 1962 So. C! A steady performing Bob . top ho'nors, with defending , behind. (Vega was in the leI 5hurlock . powered his way 1 placed fourth (in spite of a I Hi Ear), Larry Banner pIal Inman, Terry Hale and Karl

MEMORIAL ONAl AMPIONSHIPS om the Fifth Annual Ben All-Around Championships, ifornia Gymnastic Season_ ynn came thru to take the lamp Armando Vega close I until the last event) _ Art 3rd place, Jack Beckner !ad first dismount from the ,d fifth foll owed by Verle Wagner-




Combines well with most any dance type movement such as leaps, hitch路 kicks, etc. By rapid weight transfer to follow leg marked X.

FREE EXERCISE路 AERIAL CARTWHEEL STARTING POSITION: Running start, ~ip.step take off. PROGRESSION: (1) Cartwheel using hand support. (2) Skip路step cartwheel emphasis placed on the rapid "whip over" action of bring legs to the floor, use a beat board, low trampolet or raised mats to help accent this action. (3) Practice dive cartwheel, accenting height on take off. (4) Combine 2 and 3. (5) Hand spot using "sash", wide strap or hands keeping performers back to


you and take stunt from a standing position, then from a short run to practice mechanics of the stunt. (6) When mechanics of stunt are mastered the coach stands on the side of take off leg, reaches in with R hand if cartwheel is L to the hip and lifts upward as the take off is made, this assists the body to rotate around a fixed axis, his hand and encourage the necessary whip over action of the legs. (7) Follow through to follow leg.

STUDY OF BACK SOMERSAULT By J ohn 1. Brodeur and Steve J ohnson

Analysis of Pictures Th e angle of lean forward out of the handspring is ap· proximately 64 degrees and the angle of take off to the line of fli ght is appoximately 47 degrees. We took shots of three seq uences and ran a minor comparison to see if we could pick up any variances. In the other two sequences the angle of lean and the angle of take off in the line of fli ght varied from the above. Aside from the variances of the oth er two between them'selves there was some noticeable difference in the overall action. The angle of lean was greater and th e angle of take·up was less and the height of the somersault was lessened and the distance traveled was greater. In this study the best sequence was chosen in which the angle of lean and the angle of take· off approach the hi ghest point of efficien cy, though a more diverse and intense studv would be needed to establish . these as fa cts. In a furth er analysis of the somersault the form of the individa ul seems to be highly developed. In analyzing the three seq uences the relative positions of the body through· out the performance approximate themselves at anyone point of the somersault ; though there is noti ceable differ· ence in the height obtained and the distance traveled. The individual appears to reach his tightest tuck at the peak of his height and is in an inverted position with his feet up and his head down. Tb e upper part of the body is bellt forward at the finish of the handspring. The straightening of the body along wi th the thrust of the arms and the punch of the legs and feet assist in changing the direction of the mountain to ga in the necessary height. The head is fa cing front at the start of the movement and is thrown back as the knees are brought up to the chest and assists in initiating the roatation of the body. The energy for the lift is obtained from the speed of the previous performed handspring.

After the beginning phase of th e mu scul ar acti on to slow the rotation, by increasin g th e rad iu s, the final phase is completed by gravitational force. At the land in g there is eccentric contraction of th e quadricencp8 femori s as well as wi th th e dorsal fl exors of the foot. The extensors of the neck play an in)JJOrt ant part in initiating the movement of rotat ion as the individual ap· proaches his peak of height. The parabola of the center of gravi ty approximates the moti on of a proj ectile wit h initial X and Y velocities. The rotational mo ti on as can be seen from fi gure "A" is approximately around th e center of grav ity. The rotational velocity increases as the mom ent of inertia decreases. The individual decrease his mom ent of inertia 'by drawing into a tuck position. J In this study we have assumed that the cent er of gravity remains in a constant poin t of orientation with respect to the figure . In figure "B" point one (1) does not fall in the para· bolic graph because the individual is still in contact with the mat and has not started his fli ght. Total nu mber of frames shot = 68. Pictu res in fi g. A traced every seventh fr&me. Time per fram e = .015 sec. Scale 1 cm = 8". H eight of cen ter of gravity of individual = 3 ft. Heigh t of cen ter of gravity at hi ghest point = 7.3 ft. Height of center of gravity was rai sed = 4.3 ft. Distance traveled from take·off to landin g = 5.5 ft. Tim e of fli ght = 1.02 sec. CON CLUSION The subj ect used for this study is a highly accomplish ed tumbler of nation al standin g, and we believe the all alysis of hi s techniqu e will prove quite valuable. The analysis of the fi lm has shown his mechanics to he excellen t. The individuals ability to utilize the force to obtain exceptional heights is highly developed and we feel t~at any eff ort to change hi s mechani cs or force would not be benefi cial. The angle of lean coming out of the handspring, and the angle of fli ght appears to be an important phase of the action as well as the form used in the execution of the movement. Using th is as a basis for a trainin g pro· gram we would concentrate on d evel opin~ this movement pattern by constant repeti tion of perfor mance. After de· veloping thi s pa ttern to a substantial ~egree the nex t phase would he to alter the force in a !panner to assist the individu al in gaining the maximal atp ount of height , in relation to the individuals own capabilities. The particular individual used in this study has never utilized a weight program and we feel that repitions of the entire seq uence; as well as other tumbling ac tivities and trampoline work would be suffi cient for proper development. We also realize that in case of a particular weakness a weight program might well be utilized to improve the necessary musculature.

Muscular Analysis: BALLISTIC MOTION ARMS AT SHOULDER, from point of take off: Flexion, Anterior deltoid. KNEE AT THIGH, from point of take off : Extension, Gluteous maxim us. LEG AT KNEE, from point of take off: Extension, Quadriceps femoris. FOOT AT ANKLE, from point of take off: Plantar fl exion, Peroneus longus, Gastrocnemiu, Soleus. KNEE AT THIGH, at the' beginning of fli ght : Fle xion, Iliopsoa s, Sartorius , Pe ctineus, R ectzls femoris, GRAVITATIONAL MOTION LEG AT KNEE, at beginnin g of fli ght. At thi s poin t I do not believe that there is any real muscular action except in a stabilizing function . AT SLOWING OF THE ROTATION BALLISTIC MOTION HIP AT THIGH: Extension, Gluteus maximus . LEG AT KNEE , at slowing of rotation: Extension, Quad· riceps femo ris, Plantar flexion , Peroneus longus, Gastroc· nemius, Soleus.

I 1

I ;'1

f l .,

------~ ~ r".t



__--.r--_..iL11-- - - - >1'--


1 - - - - - 7' )+t - - --o-l



GYMNASTICS GIMMICKS # 13 HAND BALANCING, THE ONE·HANDER, AND GYMNASTICS By E. F. " Bud" Beyer, former University of Chicago and Y.M.C.A. Gymnastics Coach, now Sales l'vIanager for Nissen Medart

E. F. " Bud" Beyer

HA ND BALA NCING AND GYMNASTICS The contribution of Hand Balancin g to Gymnastics evolves around three major points : A. The Hand Balancer must develop a handstand that is truly on balance. If his weight is not centered he tor· tures the wrists and hands of his bottom man. Therefore, he must develop a centered and a dependable hand stand which, of course, is the most economical handstand energy· wise. The hand stand in a gymnastics routine can be the pause that refreshes rather than the "foul·up" that fatigues. No bent·arm swinger he ! He knows the advantage of plenty of forward lea n so that he balances not only at the top of the handstand movement but on the way up to the handstand.


B. For th e Hand Balancer, strength movements are easier. The Gymnast who has tried a little hand balancing usually is capa ble of doing the Parallel Bar, Still Rin gs, and free exercise strength movements. Not that a Gymnast should sacrifice fr ee and beautiful swingin g capabilities but, let us face it, to get in the top all·around category, some hand balancing will h elp the gymnast. C. and Pirou.ettes are definitely assisted by some hand balancing background. With hand balancing as a background turns and pirouettes can be done with the kind of balance and ease of performance that will add to the difficulty and the beauty of performance on the Parallel Bar, High Bar, and fr ee exercise.

THE ONE-HA N DER AND GYMNASTICS The one-hand er is obviously a tri ck which when mastered enabl es the gymnast to have a very powerful movement from the po in t of view of difficulty and beauty as a part of routin es in free exercise, and Parallel Bar. It also, obviously, will contribute to attractive slow controlled changes on the H orizontal Bar. The one-hand handstand on the parallel Bar with a controlled quarter turn, a pause, and a straddle-off , is a movement in the Olympic tradition. It behooves us, t here fore, to try to understand this movemen t as an importan t part of gymnastics. We do not make any claim for this being the only method of learnin g it nor a claim that this is the best position shown in th ese pictures. However, it is one proven positi on and on e proven meth od th at will at least give us a basic und erstandin g. LEARNI NG THE ONE-HA ND HANDSTAND The fir st consideration in learnin g the one-hander is one whi ch the beginn er likes to skip - the absolutely perfect control of a two 路h and handstand. When lookin g at the handstand from the rear of the performer as shown in illustration # 20, there should be good form and a high, light appearing handstand. There should be no sagg ing in the shoulders. Also, as shown in illustrati on # 24, th e arms should be as verti cal as possible so that we have the balance centered in a vertical plane. After we have achieved perfect control of the two-hand hand stand we are r eady to begin moving the weight over toward the hand which is goin g to be used to support the one-hand handstand . Ju st before we go over into Position # 21 there should be a slight stretch ing effect. The right arm in this case is extended as though we were trying to push downward with the hand and raise the body a~ hi gh as possible using the arm as a support. Now, we go over a little bit furth er as shown in illustration #22. H ere is where the beginner begins to get anxious. Instead

of ri sin g to a point as shown in illustration # 22 where the finger tips of the left hand are just touching the floor surface, the beg inner whips the arm up in position #23 months before he is ready and this abrupt movement sends him into an out路 of路balance position. The problem of a one-hand balance is usually not really understood by the beginn er. It wo ul d help him perhaps to try to make a fi gurine out of clay as big as a man and discover the probl ems of bal ancing thi s hu ge obj ect on about three squa re in ches of surface. For proper procedure, we must learn to sort of " play" with this # 22 positi on. With great deli cacy, touchin g the floor wit.h the fin ger tips, we may just curl the fi ngers u p off the floor withou t movin g th e arm at all. We continue this type of careful maneuvering until we ca n hold the one-hander with thi s very delicate touch of the fin gers. In the mea ntime, we must continually think of a very ri gid body form - knees strai ght , ri ght elbow locked out completely as shown , and the weight placed with a slight emphasis of overbalance pressure on th e fingers of the ri ght hand. Position # 23 will usually take six months to a year of patient 15 minute practices 6 or 7 day s a week _ These 15 minute totals per day are much better separated into 7 or 8 two-minute period s throughout a general 2 or 3 hour workout period. The one-hander is deli cate and takes the fine coord in ation of all the muscles of the body. Practi cin g this kind of delicate coordination develops fati gue quite ra pidly - so be patient. Lookin g at the on e-h ander from the side as shown in #24 we can see that ~s we go into position # 25 ther e is ever so sli ght a twist of th e hips and legs. This spiral effect is not always done by every performer but I think you can see that it is easier to bend a spiral around a vertical balance, column than in any other way. It is obvio usly important to keep the head in a steady position during the entire movemen t again bringing out the ex treme delicacy of every use of every muscle in the body for the one-hander. If you have any questions regarding this, we would be very happy to have you write it in and allow us to try to an swer it.



LONG HORSE VAULT Vault No.9 as listed in Annex II to the "Code of Points": Vault, with the body laid out, legs stretched and joined, support of hands on neck, to a stand rearways. (Hecht Vault· Hands on neck). LONG HORSE ANALYSIS The three important parts of the long horse vault con· sist of the approach, the flight and the landing. Simple enough to say, but very hard to work efficiency in practice. Supposedly the approach is not evaluated in the total points given by the judges for the vault; but it is very important to the overall picture of height and flight. Too many gymnasts try to make the speed of their run take over the horse on this vault, without letting their alms work for them. Speed is important, but measured and con· trolled run is just -as important for a good vault. Practice your run to the beatboal'd over and over again until you get the feelin g t11at no matter where you start from you will take off from the same spot without having to crow·hop or slow your run at the end. Work for a con· trolled approach in that you increase your speed continua]ly with the maximum effort right before take·off. Your £light away from the horse can be helped by using the leverage of the arms when the hands make contact with the horse in actually pulling up with a quick motion. Many gymnasts merely use the contact as a skipping motion, and as a result, their flight is downward instead of upward. Most important, the landing should be solid and without movement. _Practice by standing on the croup and diving to a semi·handstand and pulling off with the arms to a landing. Practice, practice, practice. .y,-

JUDGING QUIZ Below continuing our series of Quickie Quizes 011 your Judging - knowhow . Every Gymnast should have a fair knowledge of the rules under which he competes. If he reads between the lines, he can also learn those little extra tips that improve his competitiveness. Questions are based on the F.I.G. code of points as outlined in the 1960 AAU Handbook. QUESTIONS· SIDE HORSE Circle correct letter: 1. The Side Horse exercise must include: A-At least one forward scissor B-At least one backward scissor C-Either forward or backward scissors at leas t twice in succession 2. For touching the horse by glidin g feet along the horse: A- The entire exercise is penalized 0.5 to 1.0 B- There is a penalty of 0.1 each time C-Th ere is no penalty


3. If the Sicle Horse exercise is executed perfectly but with too much force or with either too quick or too slow a rhythm: A- It is penalized 0.5 B- There is no penalty C-It is penalized 0.1 to 0.3 4. Touching the £loor or mat without falling off the horse ancl not causi ng a noticeable interruption of the exercise : A-Is not penalized B- Tenninates the exercise C--Is penalized 0.5 to 0.7 5. In the Side Horse exercise: A- Either forward or backward SCissors must pre· dominate B- Single leg circles are not permitted C-Double leg circles must be predominant 6. The Side Horse exercise : A--Must include at least one double leg circle exe· cuted in the opposite direction from the major part of the exercise. B-May be executed in one direction only (either to right or left) C-Must have half of the movements executed in one direction (either to right or left) and half in the opposite direction 7. 1£ while executing a back scissor the gymnast caught his trousers ancl interrupted the continuity of the exercise, the penalty is: A--l.O B-0.2 to 0.5 C-0.6 to 1.0 8. Touching the £loor or mat with the hands on the dismount is penalized: A- 1.0 B-D.5 to 0.6 C- 0.2 to 0.3 9. The Side Horse exercise: A-M ust use all 3 parts of the horse (neck, saddle, and croup) B- May be perform ed in the saddle only C- Requires that only di smount must be made from ei ther neck or croup 10. Bending the arms during the exercise: A- Is penalized 0.1 to 0.2 B- Is not penalized C- Is penalizecl 0.3 11. Bad posture in starting the exercise: A-Is not penalized _ ll--Is penalized 0.1 to 0.2 C-Is penalized 0.5 12. Not keeping the toes pointed properly during the exercise: A-Exercise is penalized 0.5 to 1.0 for general poor form B-Is penalized 0.1 to 0.2 C- Is penalized 0.3 13. For sitting on the horse during the exercise, the penalty is: A-D.6 to 1.0 B-0.5 C-1.0 to 1.5 14. If, whilst part· way through his exercise, the gymnast slips and falls off the horse to the mats:' A-He may re·mount and start exercise again only if it is optional exercise B-He may chalk up and continue exercise (either optional or compulsory) at point where he fell off, with a penalty of 1.0 C- The exercise is terminated and is scored to the point where the gymnast fell off the horse he may not continue his exercise 15. Spreading the legs whilst performing double leg circles is penalized: A-D.l to 0.2 B- 0.3 C-The exercise is penalized 0.5 to 1.0

National Association


Gymnastics Coaches NAGC NEWS by Glenn Wilson Gymanstics Coach, University of Colorado

Glenn G. Wilson

LET'S HAVE A PARTY! Isn't it strange how history repeats itself? Back in 1773 a bunch of rabble rousing upstarts from the British co lon ies had a strange notion. They thou ght they had eno ugh sense to paractipate in the government to which they paid taxes (Ridicu路 lous). When Britain would not consent, these uncouth individuals had a party in Boston. Anyway, to make a long story short, the colonies finally got fed up, declared themselves independent, and then beat the heck out of the British to prove it. Several sport colonies are now paying taxes to the AAU in the form of athletes, coaches and fa cilities. Also, for the first time, these colonies are asking for rep resentation in the policy-making group. So far the AAU has steadfastly refused to make an y concessions to the colonies; and the colonies, in turn , have tried constantly to bring about concessions in a peaceful manner. Maybe a party, a declaration of independence, and a small war are in order. I won der how a British subject felt about the fact that their government had no sympathy for their problems. I wonder if they felt the same blind frustration that the gymnastics coaches now feel. They were, however, fortunate enough to have strong, decisive leaders, who saw what must be done and did it. We, the coaches, also have good leadership , so the steps that must be taken are being taken. At least I hope so. Since the AA U will not concede to any group the perogatives wh ich rightfully belong to them , through peaceful action, a nasty war is takin g place. The tra gedy is that, while this skirmish is takin g place, the athletes are bound to suffer. Once the war is over they should gain, but it's a big price for our athletes to pay. Once again, we are fortunate since our battle with the AAU is only one of several. Such groups as basketball and track and field are also battling with the AAU . Their battles give us signifi cant strength. If we wanted to draw the .!\AU-NCAA fight and the Revolutionary . War analogy to a ridiculous extreme, I'm sure we could find examples of Benedict Arnold, Paul Revere and others. But rather than point out the obvious, I'll end by sayin g "Let's have a party!"

"COACH OF THE YEAR COMMITTEE" From Eric Hughes, Chairman It has been decided t o lim it the award agai n this yea r to a " Co llege Coach o f the Yea r ." Although there are many rea sons who other coaches should be considered, i1' would be very dificult for our organization to select a coach of the year from other groups such as high schools, clubs, or YMCA 's. CRITERIA FOR SELECTION 1. The influence a coach has on his gymnasts. 2 . Character and perso nal habits of the coach. 3. The influence the coach has hod o n the dev elopment of gymnastics in his own area or State. 4. Publications in the field and participation in clinics

or on committees.

5. Dual meet results (quality of opposi tion considered). 6 . Tournament results (conference, district , notional) . 7. The success of 1he coach ' s team relati ve t o the material he ha s t o work w ith. MECHANICS OF SELECTION 1. Any member of the NAGC may nominate a coach of the year . The nomination must include information regarding all items included in criteria for selection. 2. Send nominations t o the Vice-President closes t to you East : Fronk Wolcott, Springfield College , Springfield , Moss.; Mid-West: Robert Kreidler , Univ ersity of Chicago , Chicago, III.; West : Rolph Borelli , U .C.L.A ., Los Angeles, Calif . 3. The VICE-PRESIDENTS toke the nominations t o the NCAA meet and present them to the chairman o f the awards committee. 4 . The awards committee (composed of the post presidents) and the three vice-presidents, will ho ld a meeting between the prelims and the finals of the NCAA meet to select the Coach o f the Year. 5. The announcement of or presentation of the award will be mode during the final session of the meet. Lost year's winner was Chet Phillips of the U . S. Nav al Academy.

JOIN NOW APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP INTO THE NAGC Enclosed find $2.00 for 1962 dues. Name

(Please type or print)

Mailing Address

RenewaL ............. Membership

New ............. .

(Check One)

Send: to:

GLENN WILSON Gymnastics Coach University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado


Gym Forum Because Gymnastics is expanding so rapidly allover the USA it is having growing pains and a,t times seems to be bursting its seams here and there. In order for fIlOTe people to express themselves we have revived our Gym Forum section. Where you the reader (coach, gymnast or booster) can present your opinions, suggestions, improvement gripes, etc. on Gymnastics. Th e opinion do 1I0t necessarily rejlect the opinion s 0/ the M.G. publishers and lIeed 1I0t pertain to articles published in past .ltf.G.'s.

AUTHORITARIANISM IN GYMNASTICS By Mike Robbins Authoritarianism, dictatorship: these words are emotionally potent in our society. We form an unpleasant mental image when thev are mentioned. What is a dictator? Must a dictator be malevolent? A review of these questions brings light to some interestin g considerations. First, let us consider an organization or group. Suppose the group elects a leader. The leader may have many duties. For example, it might be his job to plan activities, appoint members to help carry out hi s plans, be spokesman for the group, co-ordinate meetings, and take charge of any situation that may arise. Faced with all of thi s work the leader may find it necessary to seek help in fulfilling his duties. If little or no help is available, th e leader must do the work himself. He will d0 the work as best he can and in his own manner. He will necessarily find himself "taking over" because nobody else will do the work. As he does the work he will develop his own methods and will be becoming indispensable. He will be becoming indispensable because he is using method s and knowledge of which the members of the group are not aware. The members have not both ered to become aware. Onl y the lea der will know how to perform a certain duty or clear up a certain situation. The group needs him to do it. No one else can do it. The leader is indispensable and the mem'bers can not afford to vote him out. Indeed, if they tried he would control enough power in the gro up to stop th em. Hi s actions can and will be arbitrary. He is an authoritarian leader: a dictator. But is he a suprem e authority? Of course not. His actions are intended to help the group . One could say he is a benevolent dictator. After all, his job as leader requires time and energy that could be spent elsewhere. Interestingly enough, th e members who elected him (and continue to re-lect him ) think the group is democratic. However, it is obvious that the power is concentrated in the hands of one person who can use it arbitrarily. There are many methods whereby autocratic rule in a gro up may ari se. It may be an autocracy with one man leadin g or a gro up of men. At any rate, the individual member had no power to assert him self within th e structure of the gro up . A situation of autocratic rule exists in gymnastics. Whether it wa s generated in the above manner is im material. What is material is that the responsibility for authoritaria ni sm usually lies with the members of the group. Th e leaders are almost completely blameless. The gymnasts, coaches and judges are themselves to blame for a si tuati on that many find intolerable. The many attempts to criti cize the leaders of gymnastics is a study in scapego atin g. If the members of a group let their leaders acquire too much power, the members should change the organization , not necessarily change the leaders. If the members can not assert themselves within the framework of the group, th ey must break out and form a more cooperative group or be sa tisfied in not asserting themselves at all. There are many possible soluti ons to the problem of authoritarianism in gymnastics. The worst one would be substituting th e present organization with one structured similarly. Why should \'fe trade a headache for an upset stomach? If we are going to solve the problem let's do it right.


What are the basic requirements of an acceptable organization? The leaders must be elected. All interests must be represented. Power must not be entirely concentrated in the hands of one man or a small group of men. There III.IlSt be checks and balances in policy making. A possibl e solution including the above mandates is as follows. The members (includ in g all competing gymnasts, all judges, all coaches, and all administrative officials) yearly elect, by popular vote, a president. The president would be the official representative of the organization, would preside over official meetings and would control the operations of the group. He would not be involved in any policy making. Such a division of power should be firmly observed . The policies of the organization would be determined by a grou p of five men elected yearly from th e five geographic sections of the United States (Pacific Coast, West, IHidwest, East, South). The geographic boundaries ca n be determined in the future. Directly under this senate would be a number of committees. Important co mmittees would consist of five officials elected in the above manner. Other committees and committee members would be appointed. Important committees would be a judges' committee, an Olympic selection committee, plus any others found necessary. Although some thought has gone into the above method of organization, th ere are many bugs to be ironed out. P erhaps another system would be more efficient. However, the organization must adhere to the basic mandates. Gymnasts - think about this ! Send in your comments, suggestions and criticisms. Let us act and begin to make our decisions for ourselves. AN OPEN LETTER As you know, th ere is a big shakeup gong on in our American Gymnastic World. Shall we say that it is a direct result of th e 'growing pains'. The A.A.U. has removed the former national chairman and it is hoped that ' peace and harmony' will not be in evidence soon from the end. But most important is the growing awareness of the gymnas tic leaders that a gigantic movement is afoot. J\-Iore and more high school, colleges, Y.M.C.A.'s, Sokols, Turn ers, etc. are entering into the spirit. Your magazine is a major contribution to the growth of gymnastics. New fed erations, associations, clinical groups, gymnastic camps, and classes are being formed. Th e Marquettes, Th e Hughes, The Haliks, The Prchals. The Sundbys, The Prices, The Beyers, The Fields, The Vogels, The Welsers, The William s, The Szypulas, The Li enerts, The Freys, The Bailies, Th e Markowskis, The Pipers, The Pattersons, etc. (God Bless them all ! ), will be remembered in The Annals of Gymnastics for their untirin g efforts in expandin g our sport to one of the top activities in the U.S.A. Fundamentally, it can be said that Gymnastics ,is to sport as philosophy is to education. This concept is striking when we consider the terrific influence the great philosophers of the past (Socrates, Aristotle, Kaut, Hobbes, Pascal, etc.) is basic and fundam ental! Gymnastics is an artistic sport! It develops neuro-m uscular control, organic health, coord inati on, and physical fitness. Every other sport needs these gifts. Let us revere the fathers who brought our sport to America. But for The Swiss Turners, Th e ,American Sokols, The American Turners, The Swedish Americans, th e sport of gymnastics would not have had its start. We should still support the primary organizations since they are the perennial ba ckbone. Let us now forge ahead! We must develop a desire to coordinate, cooperate, assist, and fo ster all and any movements into the total picture. No more dictators, no more cliques, no more power grabbing, no more self-perpetuating constitutions, but un selfishness, democracy, freedom of expression and exchange of ideas : Most of all wherever we gather, let it always be considered as a 'gatherin g of equals'. In final, it is my feeling that the great controversy ex isting 'as to the role of the A.A.U.', ultimately will be resolved and infinite progress will be in store. Sincerely, PAUL E. FINA, American Sokol Organization

Paufa Crist an.d Becky Dali


The California Junior Gymnastic Championships were held at the Madera Union High School, January 27, 1962, sponsor ed by the Madera Lion's C lub. 204 Gymnasts took part r epr esenting 17 clubs in Calif. The number was divid ed with 101 boys a nd 103 g irls. Events were h eld in Free-X, Ttllnbling, Tranlpolin e, Para llel Bars, Balance B ea m an d Rope C limb. High point award s were based on Tumbling, Parallel Bars and FreeX for boys; and Tumbling, Ba lance Bea m and Free-X for girls. Boys hig h point winners were: 9-11 year di v ision - Mike Sullivan, Berkeley Y; 12-14 division - Don M cAlister, Madera; 15-17 di vision - Paul Mayer, Berkeley Y. Hot co ntests were held between Don McAlister of Mad era and Don Dunfield from the Circus Club in San Jose; a nd Paul Mayer and Dan Millman of Trampoline Incorpate d of Burbank . Girls high point winners were: 8 -11 division Georgia Garrells, Kaiser Studio , S a n J ose; 12-14 divis ion Paula C ris t, Arden Hills; 15-17 di v ision - Johanna Riddl ebarger, Be,'ke ley Y. The follo wing also placed among the top three in this competition: Terry Abbot, Arcade Club (AC), Sacramento; Ricky McAlister, Madera (M); G lenn Leher, Beverly Hills Y (BHY); Jeffrey Bishop, Loa Beth Studio, Sacramento (LBS); Terry Rodda, Berkeley Y (BY); Jeff Rodd a (BY); Danny Cooper (LBS); Freddie McFerr en (M) ; Kirk Edwa rd s (BY); Steve Taylor, Pomana Y (PY); Daniel McFarland, Trampoline Inc . , Burbank (TI); Howard Hardie (MG Cover Janu ary 1962); Art W a.rd (BY); Kent Umbarge r (BY); Don Arthur (PY); Bruce Cou lter (PY); Sid Irela nd (M); Robert Crist, Arden Hills (AH); Richard Kirschner (BHY); Mike Soderstrand, Sac ramento Y (SY); Delvin DuMay (TI); Rick Say e rs (TI); Bob Palacio , Fresno; Jim Metcalf (BHY). GIRLS: Debra Pool (M); Deni se Del Bianco (M); Jill Boysen (M) ; Lynn Fuller (LBS) ; San d l' a Galloway (LBS); Norma Edwards (BY); Bon nie McBride (BY); K a I' e n Gallowa n (OBS); Georgie Garrels , Kaiser Studio, San Jose (KS); Joan Ericksen (LBS); Debbie Halseth, Betty Dali Studio, Modesto (BDS); Ricky Jane Bendix, Pierce Studio, Sacramento (PS): Lorraine Romo (BY); Robin Hughes (PS); Susan Villucci (PS); Katie Kostainsek (BY); Sally Stone (P~) ; Becky

l}Jike Sulli van

Dali (BDS); Be tty Bagliere, C irc u s School, San J ose (eS); Janis Kays Wass um (BDS) ; Joanne Hashimoto (AH); Judy Abbott (AC ) Kathy Finch (A C ) ; Maxine Sc hriner (PY); Kar e n Littl e (BDS); Della Milam (M); Kare n Les o, Morgan Hill; Sue Homias (M) ; Judy Johnson (Tl). NOVA SCOTIA HEADMASTERS CHAMPIONSHIPS

The following school s participated in the Nova Scotia Headmaster Cham pi onships. Ch a mpion Junior team was th e Halifax Grammar S c h ool (HGS) followed by S.S. second place and third Bicentenial .H.S . (AJ. Intermediate ch ampion team Queen Elizab e th High S c h o ol (QEHS) was followed by Cornwalli s Distric t High S c hool (CDH) and third by Interprovincial School for Deaf (SD). Others parti ci p a ting w e r e : St. Mary ' s Jr. High S c hool (St . M.); Oxford (0); Bridge w a t er High Sch ool (Bridg e ); St. Pat's Hi g h School (St.P. ); Bicenten ia l Jr. H . S. (B); Bicent enial Jr. H.S . (C). Junior Res ults: FREE-X: 1. E. lIfann (HGS) , 1. B. C urrie (0), 3. E. Blake n ey (QEHS). VAULTING: 1. B. C urri e (0), 2. B. Mann (HGS), 2. D. Archibald (SS). RINGS: 1. B. M a nn (HGS), 2. B. C urrie (0) , 3. D . Guptill (HGS) . HIGH BAR : 1. D. Archiba lct (SS) , 2. B. Ma nn (HGS) , 3. B . C urri e (0). P. BARS: 1. E. Blakeney (QE HS), 2. B. Currie (0), 3. B. Mann (HGS)'

ALTJ AROUND: 1. E. C urrie (0), 2. B. Mann (HGS) , 3. D. Arc hibalct (SS), 4. E. B lak eney (QEHS), 5. P . Dela ,n~' (St.P . ) , 5. G. Whalen (St.P.). Inte l'med iate Res u I ts: ALL AROUND: 1. B . Coombes (QEHS), 2. B . Dickie (CDH), 3. D. Bouoreau (St.P.), 4. W. Mac Neil (St.P.), 4. L. Th ornburn (D) . FREE-X: 1. H. Dun bar (QEHS) , 2. B. Dickie. (CDH), 3. W. MacNeil (St.P.). VAULTING: 1. M . Hall (SD) , 1. L. Th o rnburn (D), ~. B . C oombes (QEHS) . RINGS: 1. D. Boudreau (St.P . ), 2. B. Coombes (QE HS), 3. W. MacNeil (St.Pa . ). HIGH BAR: 1. B. Diclde (CDH), 2. B . Coomb e s (QEHS) , 3. M . Hall (SD). P. BARS: 1. D. Boudrea u (St.P.), 2. B. Coombes (QEHS) , ~ . P. O'Con n e ll (St.M . ).

Hand Balancing


9 " Long 6 " High 7" Wide Base

EXTREMELY 5T ABLE Extra strong- Carry them wi th you wherever you travel. SEND ONLY




Photo-Balancing Course ........ $1 .00 INot included with Pair路 o路llels) ORDER FROM


1398 Blvd ., Lo. Angol.. 26, Calif.


EDITIONS OF "THE MODERN GYMNAST" COMPLIMENTARY EDITION: DECEMBER 1956 This first edition of the M.G. contains full page pictures of each ot the members of the USA 1956 Men's Olympic Team, an articl e and photos of the Women's Team . Also featured is a story on the Swiss Team v isit to the US ~n inter.view with Joe E. Brown , The Beckner Story, plus instructi~n'~ In spotting the back double and learning the dislocate giant . Copies of this original first edition ore collectors items and are priced at $1.00 each.


No . 1 JANUARY 1959: Foreign report No . 1 MAY 1957 : Contains the results fu rther report on World Championships, Assembly time, personalities, On Balance, of the 1957 NCAA Championships, a " mpic Games reports and resu Its of th o 6th Women's gymnastics, Trampo lining , Helpful Hints Still Ring s, Long Horse Vault annual National Clinic, article on st,,路 ting a Gy m team, Trampol ine instruction and observation. SOc. No. 2 FEBRUARY 1959 : Report on Finmore on the dislocate giant. SOc . ~i~.~ No.2 JULY 1957: Features photos and nish team v isit to the USA, and extenresults of the 1957 AAU National Cham- si v e coverage of the 8th Annual Gymnas pionships, PCC Championships, Los An- tics Clinic at Sarasota, Florida, Photos geles High School Championsh ips, report comments, competition and results. SOc. I from the USSR, instruction in pressing to No. 3 MARCH 1959: High School proga handstand and the conclusion of the ress, Finnish Team tour, Ben Price Memorial, personality sketch on Jim Farkas Gymdislocate giant instructi on article. SOc. No. 3 SEPT.-OCT. 1957: Includes Gym路 nastic Gimmicks # 1 by Bud Beyer, On Women's Gymnastics, Ballet nastic Camp articles, 1957 Canadian Balan ce, Championships, story on Eddie Motter Helpful Hints - Horizontal Bar, Part j' of 10 week gymnastic prog ram and tram" The Blind Gymnast", plus a report from Finland, "Muscle Beach" photo and con- polining . SOc. NO . 4 APRIL 1951: Guides in evaluating test report , Ferges Famil y of Gymnasts, Protective measures in Parallel Bar in- a performance, Gym Snaps, Dan ish Team struction , and compulsory 1958 Free-X Tour, Gym Champ (Armando Vega), Small Fry, On Balance , Women's Gymnastics inroutine. SOc. No.4 NOV.-DEC. 1957: Was a Trampo- struction 1960 Olympic Compulsory 'rou tines for women, Helpful Hints - Horiline edition which featured " The Nissen Story", results of the 5th Maccabiah zonal Bar " Flyaway", Ten week gym Games, the 1957 European Championships, program continued, tramp ol ining , Gymnosmore on the Canadian Nationals, Gym tics Gimmicks. SOc. No. 5 MAY-JUNE 1959: 1959 Junior Snaps from Japan, Trampoline instruction Nationals, British Army gymnastic display and spotting the back giant. SOc. team, recreational gymnastics, NCAA No . 5 JAN.-FEB. 1958: Features photos and report on the 7th Annual Gymnastic Championships, Gym Champ (Art Shurlock) . Women's Gymnastics and instrucClinic at Sarasota, Florida , Gym Snaps of the West German Team which toured the tion, Gy mnastics on national TV, On Bal U.S.A., Meet results, the first Helpful ance,, Mini-Tramp stunts, Hints by Jim Farkas - "Head-Kip from Gymnastic Gimmicks, conclusion ten week stand to stand" and " Horizontal Bar Rear training program, Helpful Hints - Forward flip dismount from the parallel, Gym Vault." SOc. Forum, Good 01' Days, and H ow to save No. 6 MARCH-APRIL 1958: Gymnastics your hands on the Horizontal Bars. SOc. Hall of Fame; Canadion report, European No.6 JULY-AUG. 1959 : Gym Forum report, Holland champion, Ben Price Memorial, Fl int Acrolympian Club , Big Ten G~m Quiz, Men's Nationol AAU Champion~ ShIPS, Massachusetts hIgh school gymnastic Championships , report on women's championships, Sofety on the Trampoline and progress, Women's National AAU Championships , Gym Champs (Ernestine Russell), Little "Gymmy" High Bar Chart. Helpful Hints - Parallel Bars and forward hand- Small Fry, . Gymnastic Gimmic ks , Helpful Hints SIde Horse, Trampoline, Minispring, plus special Free-X article. SOc. Tramp , On Balance, Acrobat, Meet ReNo. 7 JULY-AUG . 1958: Featured the sults. SOc. 1958 National AAU Championships, NCAA No . 7 SEPT.-OCT. 1959: The Changing Champ'ionships, European report, Spain invitational, action in Aceta, Women's Scene, Pan Am Tryouts, Gym Champs (Ed Gymnastics, Helpful Hints on the Hori- Scrobe), American Sokol Mid-slet, Meetings, competition, and result s, Small Fr y zontal Bar and the Rings. SOc. 1959 Canadian Championships Gym Quiz' No . 8 SEPT.-OCT. 1958: Gymnastic Swiss Turnfest, Gymkana CP Health show' Foundation, report fr om Russia, 1958 Swe~is~ import, Women'~ gym instruction~ Women's AAU Championships, Gym Kamp, beginning moves on the Balance Beam Canadian Championships, Muscle Beach Gymna st ic Gimmicks, Helpful Hints - Back Helpful Hints - Parallel Bars, performing roll and flick-kip, Trampolining and Miniand spotting the " Bosket", Double Bounc- tramp, On Balance, The Flying Alexanders ing on the Trampoline, Women's Gy mnos- Vic Says and meet results. SOc. ' tics and instruction . SOc. No. 8-9 NOV.-DEC. 1959: Canada report, No. 9 NOV.-DEC. 1958. Handstands Gymnastics In South Africa , Gy m Quiz, across the border, Visitors from Denmark Small Fry, Gym Champs (Charlie Simms), USA Team tour, World Championships' Gym Snaps, On Balance, Pan American Australian report, Charlie Pond Story' Games, Flint Sparks, Helpful Hints - Vaultsummer comps plus Helpful Hints on th~ Ing and advanced instruction on parallel Side Horse, Balance Beam exercises bors, Gymnastic Gimmicks Mini-tramp Trampoline for children and doubl~ meet results, Vic Says, Circ~s photos and tumbling. SOc. Gym Forum . (Double edition). $1.00.'


No. 7 july-August 196 1: Gymnast ics at Santa Monica beach playground, Gymnastic Meet suggestions, 1961 Nat iona l AAU Championships, Gymnastic Gimmicks , Gym Meet , a community proiect, Meet r esu l ts .

SOc. No . 8 Sept.-Oct. 196 1: 3 rd International Gymnaestrada, Maccabiah Ga m es, Deaf Olympics, U.S.A. T eam T ou r of Russia, Sw iss Repor t, Ita l ian Squad Cha m pionships, Eu ropean Championships fo r Men, Eu r opean





Gimmicks - T eaching teachers to spot, NAGC news, Wor ld Games Ana lysis, Judging Quiz. SOc. No.9 Nov .-Dec. 1961 : Chalk Talk news , Photo Con t est, Swiss Editor Report, The T umbling Tots, Gym Snaps, Summer Camps, Swedish Gymnast ic Camp, Flint Spa r ks Uneven Parallels inst ruct io n , Ba ll et For Gymnast s, World Games Analys is, J u dging Quiz, NAGC News, Gym Foru m open letters. SOc. • MG News Letter . August, 1960 : Olympic T ryouts , Canadian Champianships, Women's Jr . National Champ ionsh ips, How to bui ld a Vaulting Box, Book Review, 10c (included w it h purchase of comp lete set of Vo lu m e III ). Compl ete set of Volume I .... ..... .... ...... $4 .00 Complete set of Volu m e II ... ...... .. ..... ... $4 .00 Complet e set of Volume III .. .. . $ 3.50 Complete Set of A ll Ba ck Editions of Volumes I, II and III plus the original complim entary edition (collector's item ) .. .Just $ 10.00 Send a ll or ders to: M.G. Back Edit ians, Box 61 1, Santa Monica, Ca l if orn ia. (There is 0 l imited number of complete sets, so order soon to ovoid disappointment) .

VOLUME III No. I Ju ne 1960: 1960 NCAA Cham pionsh ips, Flo r ida Clinic report, Pacif ic Interco ll egiate Champio nships. Report on Gy mnastics in Japan, FI int Sparks - Advanc ed Gymnastic Skills f o r women (Balonce Beam and Uneven Bars ). Helpful Hints - t o dev el op special strength , Gy m -


nastic Gimmicks - u se of Phys ics, Euro pean Championships, plus meet res u lts , etc. SOc. News Let te r. *


No . 2 November 1960: Canadion Na tional Ex h ibitions, Rebound Tumbling Assoc . Tube Tumbling , Ask Charlie , 1960 National AAU Championships, Ballet for G,>:,mnosts - basic position, Gymnastic Gimmicks - use of mechanics, Helpful Hints _ Pa rallel bars ar)d Horizontal b ars (back

up - ri se), Meet results, Book rev iew on Kunzle Olympic Gy mnastic Series. SOc. N o . 3 January 196 1: Lets have fun in Gymnastics, N ationa l Gymnastic Clinic Histo ry, Olymp ic Game r esu l ts, Ballet for

Gymnasts, Gymnastic Gimmicks - How to teach, Helpful H ints - Front fly - away with half twist, Rebound tumb l ing - back - full






\l\tt tSC



of The Modern Gymnast with:


O nl y th r ee do ll ars a year f o r nine b ig issu es fi l led with photo- a c tion G ymn a st ics . . . (Outside

U. S.

a n d C anada , $ 3 .50 )


Book review. SOc . No. 4 Ma rch 1961: This special editian is filled with pictures and news of the Russ ian Gym nastic Team Tou r of t he U .S.A. and extensive phot o coverage of the 1960 N ationa l Gymnastic Clinic in Florida plus Ba llet fo r Gymnasts and other meet results. SOc. Na. S April 1961: Fitness through Gymnastics, Ask Charlie, Western Gym conference, Pasadena Invitational , Gymnastics Nomenclature, Colleg iate Gymnastics, Photo sto ry on Albe r t Aza ryan, Gym Champs (Dor is Fuchs). Womens Instruct ion on the Uneven Para lle ls, 'Ba llet f or Gymnasts, Gymnastic Gimmicks, Helpful H ints - Sti ll r ings straddle dismount plus horizonta l ba r undercost t o forward somersault, The Cody, Gym Quiz, Proposed Rebound Tumbling News. SOc. No . 6 M .a y--June 1961: Japanese Team v isit to the USA, 1961 NCAA Championships, Resu lts and Winning routines, Side Horse Rou tin es and Nomenclature, Gym Champs (Abie and Mur iel Grossfe ld). Ba lance Beam for beginners, Gymnastic Gimm icks - Spatting, Helpful Hint s - Horizontal Bar (forward giant reve rse pi rouette), Ballet for Gymnasts, Meet results, Wor ld Games Analysis. SOc.

Mail Now To: THE MODE RN GYMN AST P.O. BOX 611 SANTA MON.ICA, CALI FORNIA Enclosed find $3.00 for Nine (91 issues of Th e Mod ern Gymn ast (Outside U. S. and C anoda, Cash _ _ Check _ _

$3. 50 )

Money Order_ _

Name______ _ _ _ _________

l ______ :_ty:r._e~s-s_~ ~=~ =- ~=~ =~z=~o~n_e~~_S_ta_t_e~~~~_-_-_-_-

_ _ ____: 27

program like this is fairly new to me. Like alf gnn11 asts, what 1 do has got to be perfect. So, Glenn, readers, and friends hmu about a hand. . Gymnastically yours, Cpl. A . W. Sage 239 Dallier St., Apt. 1 St.-Jean, Quebec, Canada ED.: Back edit ion s of the M.G. are a ve ry good source of display ideas.

Dear Glenn: 1 hal:e been reading the MODERN GY.1JNAST since its first editions and ::' ::: :'; 1 think it is a wonderful book. Like everyone else, 1 have a: few questions Dear Glenn: about gymnastics and a couple of I have for years enjoyed the M.G. T suggestions for '"Oll T" booh-. was ve ry pleased to see the letters The instrllctional parts of the book published concerning the N .C.A.A., are t"err good, but 1 lind if 1 show A.A.U. con travers)". Continue to do manl' of these "Helpful Hints" or this in the way 'you have and you "Gymnastic Gimicks" to European gym路 will be a great service to each and nastic ftiends they do not always agree ellery gymnast. on the method used lor teaching. 1 From the newspaper accounts and know there are many diflerent ways to the letters I' ve read, I would say a new teach tricks, but 1 think if we are to Federation is in order, providing it beat the best in the world we should will recognize and solve the foTlowing take instrllction from them. 1 am sug- questions. gesting an instmctional article written 1. F.l.G. re cognition. 2. Recognize by a top European coach . with proportionate notes organization 1 have been doing gymnastics for six other than NCAA affiliates and una路 years, and even though I train four tached gymnasts. 3 .. Hold at . least as days a week, 2% to 3 hours practice, 1 many meets as the AAU does in the find my hands are soft compared to my Junior and Novice divisions. 4. Hold at gym mutes' hands. Could you suggest least as many meets as the A A U that something 1 could do to help this C01l fo rm to international regulations. 5. situation? Publish a statistics sheet similar to the There has been a lot of talk lately one by the NAGC in which the top 20 ol a method lor gaining strength called gymnasts of each el:ent are tabulated. the " Isometric Contraction System". 6. Publish a constitution. 7. Set up a The weight-lifters at our club au training program and camp for the using it and seem ve ry confident in its top 20 gymnasts in all around competiuseiuln~ss. 1 was wondering if it could tions. 8. Make all the above available be used for gymnastic purposes? to each dues paid member. 1 don't know if you have heard that Ij the new federation can answer Wilhelm. Wieler has won the N. H. YES to all the above questions, 1 think Crow Award, which is the top award then, each gymnast should write and for an amateur in Canada. Wilhelm has support Gene Wettstone in forming a just come in seventh in the first try- new Gymnastic Federation . We would outs for Prague at the Florida Clinic, be represented by a new and better placing first in Vaulting. organization. Glenn, keep up the good It has come to me from rehable work. sources that a three-year-old was doing Yours as Ever, roundoff - backhandspring - backsome rLouis Perschke sault at the same clinic. I feel this Ric~,mond::, Calijornia is a very young age to put such pres路 Sllre on arms and legs, and I feel a Dear Sir: warning should go out to coaches and I note, with great interest, two artiparents who tend to push their chil- cles published under the column "Letdren too hard! ters" in the Sept.-Oct. issue of Modern 1 hope you ha ve all success in mak路 Gymnast. ing MODERN GYMNAST a tmly First: the request of Miss Betty Beck, great book. Pittsburgh, Pa., asking jar help in locating an institution where instruc- . lion in gymnastics is available. Second: the letter from Richard Haight of Bridgeport, Conn. in which he relates the organization of societies Dear Sir: in Bridgeport, including the Bridgeport 1 am the gymnastic coach at (C.M. Turners, for the purpose of developR .J College Militaire Royal de Saint- ing programs 0/ Physical Fitness which Jean. The gymnastic program is just would reach all ages and both sexes. beginning to take a foot hold in our May I, at this time, re call to you, area. I will be holding a gymnastic that the American Turners have been display in the near future which will promoting an all around program of have to g~ over with top honors ij Physical Education for the past 114 gymnastics will want to stay in the years and today continues that same program with high credits . What 1 type of program. This Physical Fitness would like is detail information of lots program reaches eve ry member of the of ideas on gymnastic display. Though family. It has assisted materially in I am a gymnast myself, running a developing numerous Olympic Team


members both men and women as the records will show. We welcome participation Ul this program which is condu.cted in many of ou.r 75 societies located in various c;t,es throughout the United States. While it would be difficult to enume rate all 0/ them here and the facilities available, any interesteti person can have this information by writing to: Dr. E. A. Eklund, Nat. Secy., American Turn ers, Ro chester 21, New York. Sincerely),ours, GEORGE J. JACQUI N Vice-Pres. Amer. Turners

* Dear Mr. Sundby: 1 have just re cently seen a copy oj your fine gymnastic magazine, and being interested in the sport myself, I would like to subscribe to it. Enclosed you will find my check which will 1 trust entitle me to one year's issues. If the ensuing copies of your magazine continue to contain as many articles of news, interest and instruction as the one which I have seen, 1 certainly won't regret my decision. Your informative digest is the first 1 have seen in the filed oj gymnastics, and it is most definitely a noble effort. The struggle for public support and re cognition for American Gymnastics has been long and arduous. 1 am sure your efforts 'have been instrumental in lurthering the fight. Once again, I thank you for introducing this informative digest to a public which needs such a magazine. Respectfully yours, Richard Lane University of Virginia




Dear Glenn: 1 know you have been getting a lot of letters about subscribers not receiving their issues of the M.G., just wanted you to know that I have been receiving mine each time and sure find them both informative and interesting. Keep up the good work. Sincerely, Andy Kostick Barrington, Illinois ED.: Thank s Andy , we do get a lot of letters but most of the tim e it turn s out the reade r moved a nd just forgot to let us know so we could adju st ou r files. Dear Glenn: a note to let YOll know that we appreciate all the gymnastic news m the "iII adem Gymnast." Enclosed find a few snap shots 0/ our team for this yelff. Gymnastics has been growing by leaps and bounds around here the last few years, especially in the high schools. We hope to have some real tough wmpetition this year along with some very interesting meets. Sincerely, Douglas F. DeWitt Gymnastics Coach D~nver, Colorado

J. Becket

B. [{ark

J. Quintana

Coach DeWitt and th e De)we r University Gymnastics T emlt






them to be o f the flnell conltruction and performance . and highl )' reco m路 mend them ." Norman (Die!.: ) Vonil)' G),mno.tin Cooch Un i .... r.iry of Iowa

"ou,ing 1'1"1)' year s as a coach I have vied many brands 01 tra mpoli nu . a nd have lIelecte d American Tra mpoli nes for use in my pro gram. 0 1 I consi der them to be the finul available ." Cho,li. Pond Vanity Gymna.lin Coo(h Uni .... nity of lIIinoi.

Beller Gymnasts and Better Teams by Savini Time I

$1.94 per single poir- $ 1.65 per pair in doz . lots "Bud" Beyer, Nissen Medart Corporation

930 27th Ave. S.W., Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

"for qllolily. performance o nd lervice , I recommend Ame rican Trampo li nu ." larry G,i,wold Alllno, of "Trampolin. Tllmbling "


ha ve found Americ on Tra mpoline, 10 be o f Ihe highest quolity. I high ly tecammend American la, lop perform . onc e and long life," Clair W. Jennett GymnOllin Coach Snn Jon Slate ColI ~ 9 .


PJ.ysicoJ li'nell is IUN on 0" .A me,i, ,,:. hemp.,'i" '!

l 'lI,~ r 4.,OM,,路WWI


BOX 368 -



USED GYM EQUIPMENT: Parallel Bar Roils 10ft., new but slightly warped, $19 .95 pair; Climbing Ropes 18 ft ., $14 .00; Horse with pommel s, $85 .00 (no casters) ; Nissen Tr,?mpollne Pit Units, web bed and springs,. $150.00; F,nne r-Ham,lton, 1C by 17 - web bed cables and pods, $350.00. GYMNASTIC SUPPLY CO., Box 1067, Son Pedro, Calif. C;O'ACH : For that EXTRA POWER consider a weight - training program f or your gymnasts. Send f or our illustrated catal og toda~ with what ever specific Qu es ti ons you may ha ve . We will be glad t o help you get started using The latest weight train ing systems. Write to. MARCY GY MNASI UM EQUIPMENT CO ., 1398 Sunset Bl vd ., Los Angeles 26 , Calif .

THE GYMNAST : The Official Magaz ine of the Amateu r Gymnastic. Ass ociation of Great Britain . Filled with News, Result s, Phot os and Instruction of gymna stic s in Great Britain and the Continent. Published Quarterly. Send $1.00 for a year's subscription to : J. P. PRESTIDGE , Glenwood , The Park , Sid .cup , Kent, Great Britain . (Single cop ies may be obtained from the Sun-Bee Gym Shop , 11756 Gorham A v e., Las Angele s 49 , Californ i ia f or 25c).

MEN'S GYMNASTIC PANTS : Made from f inest double stret ch nylon in White or Navy . Price $12,95. These are made t a measure so be su re to include accurate measurements as fallows: Waist, Hips, Thigh , Calf, Ankle, Inside and Outside leg length. Please send money order or check with order to: THE GYMNAST, Glenwood , The Park , Sidcup , Kent, England. M ,G. BILLBOARD : DO you have some thing t o sell , New or Used . Place an ad in the M.G. BILLBOARD f or Quick results . Ju st $2.00 a line (M inimum Ad $6.00). M .G. BILLBOARD , Box 611, Santa Monica, Calif.

Wanted two boys 16 years or older for Trampoline Act: Contact Ted Dewayne M.G. Billboard, Box 611, Santa Monica


NEW MOUNTING LADDER A new mounting ladder that doub les as a spo tting and instru cti on platform fo r reboLmd tumblin g has been developed by the Nissen Corporation, Cedar Rapids , Iowa. When used as a tr ampoli ne mounti ng ladder, it saves va luable class time in mounting and d ism ounting , and th e large hand rails a r e a real safety feature . Instruction of new stunt s moves more smoothl y and efficiently; more can be accomplished . As a spotting platform , the instructo r or student spotter can hand spot the performer attempting a new stunt. It allows the spotter to remain cl ose t o the per f o rmer at all times without hindering his actions. Stro ng , sturdy and compl ete ly portable for easy hand l ing. And, it fits any major br a nd o f trampo line equipment . Height is adjustable from 40" to 46" and th e large 12" by 21 " platform allows plenty of room f or maneuvering. Both the platform and steps hav e ru bber thread s to provid e sure footin g a lways . Entire stan d is nic ke l chro me plated for maintenance- free operation and may be d isassemb led in a matter of minutes. Interested? Wr ite Nissen, 930 - 27t h A v e. S.W., Cedar Rapids, Iowa, for more information.


Gymnastisk sakkunskap Ansvar Service





Profile for USA Gymnastics

Modern Gymnast - February 1962  

Modern Gymnast - February 1962