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School of Materials Science and Engineering

School of Materials Science and Engineering Annual Report 2012 Annual Report 2012 Never Stand Still Never Stand Still

Faculty of Science Faculty of Science


Vision To be recognised nationally and internationally as a leading academic centre for materials science research, education and industry collaboration.

School Purpose To actively contribute to the growth and impact of the field of materials science through: - Providing relevant, high quality undergraduate education programs - Providing high quality research training programs - Graduating and mentoring local and international research students - Conducting high quality research across a range of fields - Advising, collaborating and consulting with industry and governments - Partnering effectively with academic colleagues at UNSW and across the world


Contents

Part One: Overview

4

Foreword from the Head of School

5

Highlights

6

Organisational Structure

12

Financial Report

16

Marketing Report

18

WHS Report

20 Awards

Part Two: School Staff

24

School Staff Profiles

48

Staff activities

Part Three: The Student Experience

58

Undergraduate Studies

60

Scholarship Programs

62

Industrial Training

64

Co-op Program

67

Exchange Students

68

Graduating Class

Part Four: Research

76

Research Groups

82 Highlights 95 Centres 104

Research Publications


Foreword from the Head of School

2

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Part One

Overview

“Materials Science and Engineering is about developing the very best materials for every human-made application.� Annual Report

3


Foreword by the Head of School It is a pleasure to write my first introduction, as Head of School, for the 2012 Annual Report. The School continues to perform at a high level with demonstrated excellence in both research and teaching. This report catalogues, in detail, these achievements. In particular, it is noteworthy and pleasing to see the large number of prestigious awards and prizes won by staff and students in the School. My predecessor, Professor Mark Hoffman, stepped down as Head of School in December 2012 to take up a position as UNSW’s Pro Vice-Chancellor for Research. We wish Mark well in his new position and congratulate him on this well deserved promotion. However, Mark will continue to have strong ties to the school and will continue as a much valued staff member through the supervision of research students and the provision of undergraduate teaching. Student numbers, both undergraduate and postgraduate, have continued to grow steadily. There are now over 400 students enrolled in different programs. The growth in numbers has allowed the School to now offer a range of different programs to suit the interests and backgrounds of a diverse range of students, including a high fraction from overseas. Moreover, the quality of students continues to grow. 2012 will be regarded as a year of achievement and success. In particular the School was highly successful in garnering research funds through a variety of sources, but especially through various Australian Research Council schemes. The School was awarded 7 ARC Linkage grants worth $2.26M, representing ~40% of the total grants across the entire university. Several years of outstanding performance by the School are now leading to global recognition. In the latest QS World University Rankings the School was ranked as the number 1 Materials School in Australia and 25th in the World. Similarly, in the most recent round of ‘Excellence in Research for Australia’ assessments the School received a ranking of 5 “well above world standard” in resources and extractive metallurgy and a ranking of 4 “above world standard” in materials engineering. As detailed elsewhere in this report the new Materials Science and Engineering Building is now under construction. Over the past year much work has been done in finalising the design of laboratories and teaching spaces. These new research and learning facilities will provide the school with long overdue improved spaces to work and grow. Funding

4

School of Materials Science and Engineering


School Snapshot Academic Staff | 20 Research Fellowships | 15 Undergraduate Students | 208 Undergraduate Completions | 25 Masters Completions | 13 Doctoral Students | 129 Doctoral Completions | 25 Strategic UNSW Income | $1.8M Research Publications Refereed | 285

Annual Report

5


School Organisation Academic BANDYOPADHYAY Sri (Bando) Associate Professor CHAN Sammy Associate Professor CROSKY Alan Professor DANIELS John Senior Lecturer FERRY Michael Professor HART Judy Lecturer HOFFMAN Mark Professor, Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research) LI Sean Professor MUNROE Paul Professor, Head of School OSTROVSKI Oleg Emeritus Professor SAHAJWALLA Veena Scientia Professor; Future Fellow; Director, SMaRT Centre SORRELL Chris Professor STANDARD Owen Senior Lecturer, Deputy Head of School VALANOOR Nagarajan Associate Professor WANG Danyang Lecturer YANG Runyu Associate Professor YOUNG David Emeritus Professor YI Jiabao Senior Lecturer & QEII Fellow YU Aibing Scientia Professor & Federation Fellow ZHANG Jianqiang Senior Lecturer ZHOU Zongyan Lecturer

6

Research ASSADI M Hussein Research Associate ARSECULARATNE Joseph Postdoctoral Fellow CHU KaiWei (Kevin) Postdoctoral Fellow CHU Dewei Associate Lecturer DHUNNA Renu Research Fellow DONG Kejun DECRA Fellow GLAUM Julia DECRA Fellow GU Chengfan DECRA Fellow GUO Baoyu Lecturer GUPTA Sushil Kumar Senior Lecturer

SHEN Yansong (Ben) Lecturer TAN Thiam Tack (TT) Postdoctoral Fellow TIAN Ruoming Postdoctoral Fellow TIAN Zean Lecturer VODENITCHAROVA Tania Postdoctoral Fellow WANG Baolin Associate Professor XING Guozhong Associate Lecturer XING Xing Postdoctoral Fellow XU Wanqiang (Martin) Lecturer ZHANG Tianshu Senior Lecturer ZOU Ruiping Senior Lecturer

HOU Qinfu (Quentin) Postdoctoral Fellow

Technical

JIANG Xuchuan Associate Professor & ARC Future Fellow

CHANDRATILLEKE Rohana Ganga Professional Officer

KHANNA Rita Associate Professor KOSHY Pramod Postdoctoral Fellow KUANG Shibo Postdoctoral Fellow LAWS Kevin Senior Lecturer LEE Jiunn Research Associate MAHJOUB Reza Research Associate NGUYEN Thuan Dinh Postdoctoral Fellow RAJARAO Ravindra Research Associate RAMIN Leyla Research Officer SEIDEL Jan Senior Lecturer

School of Materials Science and Engineering

CHONG Soo Woon Technical Officer GAO Jane ITC Support Officer GUN Bulent Technical Officer HTOO Thwin Technical Officer JOE William (Bill) Research Support Engineer KARTONO Rahmat Technical Officer KIM Danny ITC Support Officer SAHA-CHAUDHURY NM Senior Research Engineer YANG George Technical Officer ZHANG Anthony Safety Officer


Administration ATWELL Courtenay Undergraduate Administrator BENTON Uttra Industry Relations Officer HALLIS Joanne Executive Assistant to Head of School STRIZHEVSKY Lana Postgraduate Administrator XIA Qing Administrative Assistant ZHANG Lucy School Manager VARGAS Juanita Outreach & Student Liaison Officer

Annual Report

7


School Visiting Committee

Leo Selleck (Chairman) Executive General Manager, Project Magnet ONE STEEL

Lyndon Edwards Head, Institute of Materials Engineering ANSTO

Cathy Inglis Group Technical, Research and Engineering Manager AUSTRAL BRICKS

Roger Leigh Senior Project Manager COCHLEAR LIMITED

Cathy Foley CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Research Program Leader CSIRO Robert Every Chairman of the Board BORAL and WESFARMERS Adam Berkovich Manager - Carbon Technology and R&D RIO TINTO ALCAN Chris Mouatt National Research and Development Manager BORAL BRICKS

Michiel Freislich Director, Energy and Environment, Iron and Steel HATCH Shane Griffin Director, Student Recruitment & Scholarships UNSW Prof. Merlin Crossley Dean, Faculty of Science UNSW

Greg Smith Director SCIVENTURES Â INVESTMENTS

Prof. Paul Munroe Head of School, Materials Science & Engineering UNSW

Stephen Robertson Executive General Manager, Industrial Products, Metals Distribution CRANE GROUP LTD

Dr Owen Standard Deputy Head of School, Materials Science & Engineering UNSW

Paul Zulli Manager Iron and Steelmaking Research BLUESCOPE STEEL RESEARCH

Lucy Zhang School Manager, Materials Science & Engineering UNSW

David Varcoe General Manager Product R&D BLUESCOPE STEEL RESEARCH

8

Fred Bradner Division Director of Technology WEIR MINERALS

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Annual Report

9


International Engagement

The School continues to be actively engaged with the global materials science and engineering community. Engagement, which is of strategic importance and does much to enrich the life of the school, occurs in a diverse number of ways. Around 30% of the School’s undergraduate enrolments derive from overseas. This cohort of students stems from many different countries, but principally from Eastern Asia. It includes students who come to UNSW through joint degree programs with, for example, Tunghai University in Taiwan. In this instance, students perform the first two years of the their program in Taiwan and then Years 3 and 4 here at UNSW. In addition, a large number of study-abroad students come to UNSW to study Materials Science and Engineering. These students come from Europe and the Americas as well as Asia. Further, almost all of the enrolments in the School’s coursework Masters program are international. The School’s international postgraduate research student program has also grown strongly in recent years. Over 60% of the current group of postgraduate students is from overseas. This significant increase in international students derives, in part, from growth in the number of scholarships available to these students. Almost all academic staff in the school enjoy strong collaborations with research colleagues overseas. These collaborations are frequently dynamic and lead to joint high quality publications and grants. Many involve leading institutions such as the University of Oxford, University of California, Berkley, Shanghai Jao Tong University and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. Staff in the School also collaborate with international industrial partners such as POSCO, Tata Steel and Baosteel. Baosteel, in particular, funds a number of large research projects through the Baosteel-Australia Joint Research and Development Centre, a joint venture between Baosteel and several Australian universities including UNSW. The School welcomes many visitors to study and work here. Some visitors are brought to UNSW by specific funding programs. For example, each year several students from two US universities, Harvey Mudd College and the University of Florida, come to UNSW through National Science Foundation funding to perform research. This diverse range of global collaborations and interactions demonstrate the high standing in which the School is regarded internationally. Plans for the future include the development of more joint degree programs, in particular with leading institutions in China and Taiwan.

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


New Building Report In 2012 and 2013 the planning and construction phases of the new Materials Science and Engineering building advanced considerably. The project architects, Grimshaw Partners, generated advanced detailed designs through a number of workshops and consultations. This design process also included substantial input from HDR, who were contracted to facilitate the design of laboratory spaces. Several planning meetings were held between the architects, HDR and stakeholders from the School to prosecute detailed designs for the parts of the building dedicated to experimental research and teaching. There was further consultation with staff and students across the school to facilitate design of office areas and other shared spaces. The new building is long overdue and will do much to ameliorate the chronic overcrowding that has plagued the school for the past several years. The significant increase in quality office areas for staff and postgraduate students will be a welcome relief from the current congestion.

Artists impression of the new building interior

Whilst Materials Science and Engineering will be the major stakeholder in the building, the Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre will occupy space in the basement. An Innovation Centre will be located on the ground floor. The top three floors of the building will be retained as ‘shell space’, to be fitted out at a later stage to house specific research groups from other parts of the university that require high quality laboratory space. A key feature of the building design is the flexibility of modular spaces that will allow laboratories to be adapted to changing research paradigms. There are also several open, and highly flexible, areas located throughout the building to serve as, for example, collaborative spaces for teaching and learning, exhibition space for students to present their research findings or areas for networking during research conferences or similar forays. The University Council granted final approval for the $143M project in March 2013. Brookfield Multiplex won the contract to construct the building and work commenced in July 2013. Completion is expected in early 2015, with occupancy of the building scheduled to follow shortly thereafter.

Artists impression of the new building exterior

Annual Report

11


Financial Report Income The School receives its income from three primary sources: Operating income is allocations from the University, via the Faculty, to fund the day to day running of the School. Income, as it is earned by the University, is linked to a series of drivers around the level of undergraduate teaching load and research training, grants and outputs. It is then allocated based upon undergraduate and postgraduate teaching load. Research income is from research grants obtained from bodies outside the university and Strategic allocations made by the University to the School for specific purposes. The graph below shows trends in the School’s operating and research income. $11,000,000 $11,000,000 $10,000,000

$10,000,000

$9,000,000

$9,000,000 Operating Income Operating (Nonpayroll)

$8,000,000

$8,000,000

Operating Income Operating (Salaries)

$7,000,000

Income (Non-payroll)

Income (Salaries)

$7,000,000 $6,000,000 External Research Income

$5,000,000

$6,000,000

$4,000,000

$5,000,000 $3,000,000

89%

86%

86%

80%

$4,000,000

$2,000,000

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

80%

2007

89%

2006

86%

$$2,000,000

86%

$3,000,000 $1,000,000

$1,000,000

Operating Income

$2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Operating income is primarily used for salaries for teaching and research academics and technical and professional staff. Even though a number of the School’s academic staff hold externally-funded research fellowships there is invariably a shortfall in these fellowships which the School pays from its operating budget allocation, following a specific, capped, allocation from the University for this purpose. It is also used to pay for casual teaching, administrative and laboratory staff. Other major expenditure items are support of teaching laboratories, administration, marketing, undergraduate recruitment scholarships and allocations to staff based upon research supervision and publications. The table below shows the breakdown of School operating income in 2012. Total operating income was $4.66m. This represented a modest rise on the previous year, due to an increase in operating income in 2012, that can be attributable to strongly growing undergraduate student numbers. , INCOME University: Teaching

$7,804,152

Research

$4,393,117

Other

$3,398

$12,200,667

Allocation to School: Teaching and Research

$5,289,933

Fellowship salary shortfalls

$189,073

Capital equipment funding

$301,800

$5,780,806

EXPENDITURE Salaries

$869,553

Capital expenses

$241,990

Variance

12

$4,197,484

Non-salary

School of Materials Science and Engineering

$5,309,026 $471,780


The primary driver for operating income at the School level is undergraduate and postgraduate teaching load. The graph below shows the strong growth which the School has enjoyed in these areas in recent years, which is currently funding expansion of the School’s staff. Over 2009-2012, the School’s EFTSL has grown 29% p.a. 350

Equivalent Full-time Student Load

300

250

200

150

100

50

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Strategic UNSW Funding The University provides central funding for a range of strategic research purposes including infrastructure, support of national initiatives and projects for early career researchers. In 2012, these included: Project Name

Project Manager

50:50 APF

Ostrovski, Oleg

Federation Fellowship support

Yu, Aibing

CRC Advanced Manufacturing

Ferry, Michael

$33,333

CoE Design in Light Metals

Ferry, Michael

$125,000

AINSE Postdoctoral Fellow

Daniels, John

ARC LIEF Grant Contribution

Yu, Aibing

$350,000

ARC LIEF Grant Contribution

Li, Sean

$380,000

Early Career Researcher Grant

Glaum, Julia

Early Career Researcher Grant

Yi, Jiabao

Early Career Researcher Grant

Tian, Zean

Early Career Researcher Grant

Shen, Yansong

MREII Grant

Sorrell, Chris

$65,500

MREII Grant

Crosky, Alan

$96,300

VC’s Postdoctoral Fellowship

Tian, Zean

$10,000

VC’s Postdoctoral Fellowship

Ao, Zhimin

$8,000

VC’s Postdoctoral Fellowship

Xing, Guozhong

$10,000

Goldstar 2012

Yu, Aibing

$40,000

Goldstar 2012

Young, David TOTAL

Amount $60,667 $519,412

$33,781

$11,000 $1,805 $10,000 $6,000

$40,000 $1,800,798

The Faculty also received a number of strategic research allocations from the Faculty. In 2011, these were: Project Name

Project Manager

Amount

ARC CoE Light Metals

Ferry, Michael

$25,000

CRC Composite Structures

Crosky, Al

$12,500

TOTAL

$37,500

Annual Report

13


Expenditure The main component of School expenditure is staff salaries which comprises 80% of total non-capital operating expenditure. This is consistent with a gradual downward trend over the last 5 years. Despite the strong rise in salary costs, School income has grown at a faster rate, providing greater flexibility in strategic directions. The table below shows the School’s main expenditure items in 2012. Faculty Research Grants are funds for small research projects which are allocated from the School’s operating budget. When allocating these grants, the School preferences junior staff who have not had the opportunity to build up significant external research funding. In 2012, the recipients were: Item

Amount [$]

Faculty Research Grants

134,195

Student Research Allocations

100,000

Undergraduate Scholarships

94,300

Computer Technical Support

40,000

Publications Allocation

80,000

LIEF Contributions

36,100

Teaching Laboratories

70,220

Safety

11,327

School Office

35,000

Staff Start Up

123,000

Marketing

35,000

Repairs, Maintenance & Building Utilities

38,210

Chief Investigator

Project Title

Grant

Danyang Wang

Novel perovskite oxide thin films for ferroresistive random access memory application

$14,195

Dewei Chu

Development of advanced metal oxide thin films for applications of non-volatile memory devices

$11,000

Jiabao Yi

The study of magnetic uniformity in advanced magnetic semiconductors

$11,000

Jianqiang Zhang

High temperature performance of nanocrystalline Fe-Cr and Fe-Al alloys in CO2-H2O gas mixtures

$16,000

Kaiwei Chu

Illustrating the underlying mechanisms of the effect of coal in dense medium cyclones

Kejun Dong

Structure analysis of the packing of multi-sized spherical particles

$11,000

Kevin Laws

Electromagnetic structural stabilisation of amorphous alloys

$11,000

Shibo Kuang

Micromechanic modelling and analysis of dense-phase pneumatic transport of powders

$6,000

Tania Vodenitcharova

Scratch resistance of large-grained polycrystalline silicon with application to photovoltaic devices

$6,000

Wanqiang Xu

The development of nanostructured ultra-high strength, low density bulk Mg-Li alloys

Xuchuan Jiang

Deposition of thermochromic vanadium oxide nanofilms for smart glass coatings

$11,000

Zhimin Ao

Synthesis, characterisation and applications of three-dimensional grapheme materials for high capacity hydrogen storage

$11,000

Zongyan Zhou

Model studies of the heat transfer of ellipsoidal particles in fluid-bed reactors

$16,000

$6,000

$4,000

External Research Income The School’s external research income comprises the largest fraction of the overall income of the School. It is the funding provided by external bodies to the School’s staff to undertake specific research projects. The School is a very high performing research unit within the University. Figure 1 above shows trends in internal research income. Despite the School’s growth in teaching-load driven operating income, research income continues to grow at a greater rate. Research income increased by 4% from 2011 to 2012. This was greater than recent years and reflects, in part, the growth in industry supported research. Overall the School is in a very strong financial position. Its operating income has grown from a large deficit situation in 2007 and 2008 to a strong position which has enabled a growth in academic staff. This has occurred primarily due to the growth in undergraduate and postgraduate research students.

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


Annual Report

15


Marketing Report The year 2012 was an eventful and fruitful year for the School in terms of marketing outcomes and activities. Highlights included welcoming for the second year in a row over 70 first year students in our four programs; engaging and retaining a high percentage of 1st year students; and hosting yet another highly successful MSE exhibition during the UNSW Open Day in September , which attracted record levels of attention and enquiries. Another significant marketing engagement activity during 2012 was our Peer Mentoring Program. Established in 2006, the program aims to help 1st year students (mentees) in their transition to University life by connecting them with experienced students (mentors) who they can meet and/or correspond with about their studies, university life or if they have any problems or queries about the courses or UNSW in general. In its 7th consecutive year the program had 21 mentors and 53 mentees, one of the largest groups of MSE students since the program’s inception. The mentees were officially welcomed during O-week with a tour of the School, followed by lunch, where they had the opportunity to meet their mentors. They were then officially welcomed by Head of School, Prof Mark Hoffman, and introduced to the School’s teaching, technical and administrative staff and to their allocated academic advisors. The second and final social event of the program was an afternoon of barefoot bowling and a BBQ at Kensington Bowling Club in the first week of April. This was the perfect opportunity for 1st years to get to know their mentors, create new friendships and for MATSOC (the Materials Science and Engineering Students’ Society) to hold their AGM and recruit new members.

Whilst the total number of Likes (219) by the end of 2012 was a conservative number, the promotional potential of a page lies in the number of Friends of Fans (89,937) and on the People Talking About This (52). These people represent the total potential reach of any content published on the page at the time - in other words free potential advertising for our School. Facebook also gave us a good insight into the demographics of our target audience including the age and gender of people who like our page. The main target audiences being 18-24 year old males (37%), 18-24 year old females ( 20%) and 25-34 year old males (18%). We can use this data to optimize the content we publish on our page to meet the needs of our target audience. Another new digital media initiative completed during the 2nd semester of 2012 was the School’s new promotional videos. What is Materials Science? Why Study Materials Science? and Postgraduate Studies and Research were produced during the last half of 2012 and included testimonies from a range of current under and postgraduate students as well as academic staff. The first two videos were released on 23 December 2012 (the day after the release of the ATAR results and also a critical time for the recruitment of new undergraduate students for 2013) and had a total of 758 views between their release and 31 December 2012. In mid-December ten school leavers were shortlisted to be interviewed for the 2013 Industry Sponsored Awards. The School then offered scholarships to worthy recipients based on their ATAR and interview performance as well as their interest in our field.

I would like to thank all the enthusiastic and cooperative staff and students that helped coordinate the various marketing The second half of 2012 kicked off with the launch of the activities and that represented our School at University or School’s Facebook page in June. The aim of the page is to Faculty wide fairs during 2012. promote our School as an interesting, exciting and friendly place to study Materials Science and Engineering. For the A special thank you to Rosalind Haskew, my predecessor, majority of our School’s target audience-prospective and who was an essential part of the administrative team of the current undergraduate and postgraduate students-social School for two years and whose hard work and contributions networking is an essential part of their daily routine hence are reflected in the high enrolment numbers of 2012 and of the need to build a strong online presence and integrate previous years and also in the success of many events and Facebook into the School’s Marketing Strategy. promotional initiatives. Juanita Vargas Marketing Officer

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Annual Report

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Work Health and Safety (WHS) Report The School of Materials Science and Engineering is committed to providing a safe work environment for all staff, students and visitors in compliance with the recently introduced Work Health and Safety Act 2011 and the Work Health and Safety Regulation 2011 as implemented through the UNSW Work Health and Safety Policy and managed by the School’s WHS Committee in consultation with the new HS & Workers Compensation section of UNSW Human Resources and the Level 1 (University) and Level 2 (Faculty) HS Management Committees. In 2012, the School WHS Committee consisted of Owen Standard (chairperson and academic representative), Anthony Zhang (School Safety Officer), Rahmat Kartono (administrative and technical staff representative), Mark Hoffman (management representative), and Ruiping Zou (research-only staff representative). WHS activities in the School during 2012 included: Development and Review of New HS Processes, Documentation, and Initiatives: • The School underwent an internal WHS Audit (in line with NSW Workcover criteria) for compliance checking with the University's self-insurance policy and for preparation in the event of any external audit. The School received an overall score of 83% and identified several aspects for improvement, the main area being in systematic identification of training needs and documentation of training records for both students and staff. • The School updated all of its WHS documentation to comply with the updated documentation introduced by the UNSW HS unit to comply with the new WHS legislation. • The School implemented the new GHS chemical labelling system in all laboratories. • An external engineering consultant group, AB Mandal, completed a HAZOP audit of the School's plant and equipment. Recommendations for either rectification or disposal of specific items were implemented by the School. • All safe work procedures, risk registers, plant registers and chemical registers were reviewed and updated in the school. • The School purchased portable gas sensors to be used for detecting leaks and for use in confined spaces.

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Training: • All new research staff, new postgraduate students and Honours students completed the mandatory School WHS information session (held in both semesters). • The UNSW HS laboratory safety awareness course was replaced by the online laboratory safety awareness training course. The face-to-face training course is still available for staff. • All safety committee members completed the new refresher 2 day HS consultation training course. • The School's first aid officers, Jane Gao and Rahmat Kartono, completed the new first aid training course according to the new WHS legislations. • Two technical staff members, Anthony Zhang and Rahmat Kartono, completed electrical testing and tagging training. They are qualified and licenced to test and tag all electrical equipment in the School. • The School organised 2 gas training sessions which were provided by Air Liquide. • The School ran various laboratory training courses over the year including equipment training and spill responses. • The School appointed Anthony Zhang as the new Chief Warden (to replace Philip Boughton). • UNSW Security conducted an evacuation drill for the School in each session. Scheduled Workplace Inspections: • Laboratory safety audits were conducted bimonthly. • Inspection and audit check of all offices and laboratories was completed by the School WHS Committee. All staff and students in the School are thanked for their ongoing cooperation and compliance with WHS requirements and procedures.

Dr Owen Standard WHS Chairperson

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Staff and Student Awards The School’s students, alumni and staff achievements have been well recognised by a wide range of professional and community groups. Some of these include the following. Staff and students also received a number of awards. In 2012, Scientia Professor Veena Sahajwalla(b) received a number of highly prestigious awards for her innovative research into the use of sustainable materials. This included the Banksia Award, where she received the ‘GE Eco Innovation Award’. As a part of this award, GE provided Professor Sahajwalla with a travel bursary to visit the GE Research Centre in Niskayuna, New York. She also received the CRC Australian Collaborative Innovation award and won the UNSW Innovation Excellence award. Further, she was winner of ‘The Australian’ newspaper’s Innovation Challenge. Collectively, this is an outstanding achievement and appropriate recognition for Veena’s excellent research innovation Associate Professor Nagarajan Valanoor(f) received the UNSW Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Postgraduate Research Supervision. These awards recognise and encourage sustained excellence in postgraduate research supervision and Nagy is a very deserving winner. Nagy was also honoured with the 2012 Faculty of Science Staff Excellence Award for Teaching and Research. These Faculty awards are presented in recognition of outstanding contributions by staff in areas of teaching, research and administration. Zhenbo Tong, who completed his PhD under the supervision of Associate Professor Runyu Yang, was awarded a prestigious JSPS Fellowship by the Australian Academy of Science and the Australian Research Council. Zhenbo is using the two-year fellowship to travel to Japan and work with Professor Kamiya of Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology. In his PhD Zhenbo researched the dispersion mechanisms of powders as an aerosol for inhalation drug delivery. A number of the School’s research students were awarded prizes at the annual meeting of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals. Most notable was Jake Cao(c), who was awarded Best Paper Award for 2012. His co-authors included Senior Lecturer Kevin Laws (d) and Professor Michael Ferry(c). Other ARC winners included Yi Cao(a), who was a runner-up for the Best Poster Award, and Karl Shamlaye and Sayedeh Emami Khansari who were runners up for the Best Pictures with scientific images from their research. The prize for the School’s Postgraduate Student Presentation Competition went to Matthew Komiyama(e) for his presentation entitled, “How to make blast furnaces last longer – a computer aided analysis”. Matthew, supervised by Aibing Yu, communicated a high level of research in an informative and exciting way. He went on to represent the School at the NSW Branch Materials Australia student seminar in November 2011. Overall, these prestigious achievements, spread across a range of activities within the School, demonstrate the high quality of teaching and research currently being performed.

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(f)

(e)

Annual Report

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


Part Two

School Staff

“Staff in our School are dynamic and dedicated and are world leaders in the development of next generation materials. ” - Paul Munroe Head of School

Annual Report

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Academic Profiles

24

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Refereed Research Publications in 2012 (total 13):

Associate Professor

During November 2012 Sri chaired ACUN-6 International Composites Conference “Composites and Nanocomposites in Civil, Offshore and Mining Infrastructure” at Monash University Melbourne - organising team involved (from Monash) Barry Yu Bai, R K Singh Raman, X L Zhao, (from NCAT USA) Sami Rizkalla, initiated through their ARC DP120101708 project ‘Durability of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) strengthened steel structures against environment-assisted degradation’. The International Chair, Prof Sami Rizkalla declared that the ACUN- series including ACUN-6 was the best and most well organised/coordinated conference that Prof Rizkalla experienced in his entire career. Sri Bandyopadhyay’s research students participated in ACUN-6, namely, Ph D students (Mada, Cholake, Kabir), ME student (Ibraheem) and coursework Master’s (Pan and Chang).

Sri Bandyopadhyay

Associate Professor Sri Bandyopadhyay specialises in nanotechnology, polymers, fly ash recycling, novel composites/nanocomposites fabrication/ characterisation, and structure-property correlation. Sri is the Australian Manager/CI-1 of AISRF TA020004 project “Nanocomposites in clean energy – generation, storage and savings” with 6 Australia CIs (three are federation fellows) and 6 CIs from India (two are directors of India’s national institutes). Sri was Chief Guest at the IEEE sponsored ‘International Conference on Emerging trends in Electrical Engineering and Energy Management’, ICETEEEM-2012, 13–15 December 2012, Tamil Nadu, India, organised by Prof N Veerappan, AVIT Electrical/Electronics Engineering. In Feb 2012, Sri was invited plenary speaker at CIPET APM-2012 Conference in Ahmedabad/India. In 2012 Sri also initiated two international Fly ash utilisation events to take place in the following year.

BTech (Hons) (IIT Kharagpur), MTech (IIT Kanpur), PhD (Monash), FIEAust.

Professional Experience

• 1 invited/reviewed book chapter • 7 refereed international journal papers, • 5 refereed conference papers. Sri Bandyopadhyay is Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Energy Engineering, World Academic Publishing, http://www.ij-ee.org/ Selected Publications Book Chapter 1. Sagar T. Cholake, Sri Bandyopadhyay : Coal Fly Ash: A Valuable Recycling Treasure in Construction and Environmental Application, pp. 1-51 in Advances in Environmental Research. 2012, Vol-23 Editors: Justin A. Daniels ISBN:9781-62100-837-8 Journal papers • M Bhattacharya, Subharanjan Biswas, Srikanta Bandyopadhyay and A.K. Bhowmick: ‘Influence of the nanofiller type and content on permeation characteristics of multifunctional NR nanocomposites and their modelling’. Polymers for Advanced Technologies, Polymers for Advanced Technologies 23, 3, 596–610, 2012 • Shilpi Banerjee, Partha Hajra, Asim Bhaumik, Sri Bandyopadhyay and Dipankar Chakravorty “Large Magnetodielectric Effect in Nickel Zinc Ferrite-Lithium Niobate Nanocomposite”, Chemical Physics Letters 541, 96–100, 2012 • Selvin Thomas P., Sabu Thomas, N. E. Zafeiropoulos, Sri Bandyopadhyay, Andreas Wurm, Christoph Schick: Polystyrene/Calcium Phosphate Nanocomposites: Morphology, Mechanical and Dielectric properties, Polymer Engineering & Science, 52, 689–699, 2012

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BSc (Lond), PhD(Cantab), ARSM, CEng, CSci, FIMMM

Sammy Chan

Associate Professor

Professional Experience Associate Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2009Senior Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2003-2008 Research Contribution Sammy’s research interests are in the areas of energy-materials, hydrogen storage and metal matrix composites (MMCs). Major contributions to the fields are: (1) Identification of hydrogen trapping ability in different microstructures to provide a better understanding on the hydrogen embrittlement of steel. (2) Application of Ni encapsulation on hydrogen storage alloys in the preparation of Ni-MH battery electrodes using sintering rather than via the paste method, so that the conductivity of the electrodes can be largely enhanced. (3) Development of binder-free, highly electrical conductive buckypapers and graphene papers for MEMS, biosensors and other applications. (4) Synthesis of nanostructured Ni(OH)2 with the performance of nickel electrodes increased by 30% in capacity. (5) Development of aluminium matrix composites with nano-reinforcements. With only 1% of these reinforcements, the tensile properties of the composites are better than or comparable to those of composites with 10% micrometric reinforcements. The composites also have a very high creep resistance up to 0.8 of their melting points. Publications include 6 book chapters, 70+ refereed journal papers and similar number of conference papers. Teaching Contribution Courses are taught in the areas of Mechanical Properties of Materials, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Surface Treatment and Wear, Specialty Alloys, Materials Design and Applications. Staff Excellence Awards in Teaching, UNSW 2010. Supervision of 20 postgraduate students and 18 Honours students since coming to UNSW. 11 postgraduates have graduated already. Awards & Memberships Fellow, Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, UK Fellow, Australian Institute of Energy Chartered Engineer, UK Chartered Scientist, UK Professional Member, Chinese Society for Materials Science Co-editor, “Materials Chemistry and Physics” Selected Publications • •

P.J. Tsai, T.C. Chiu, P.H. Tsai, K.L. Lin, K.S. Lin and S.L.I. Chan: “Carbon Nanotube Buckypaper/MmNi5 Composite Film as Anode for Ni/MH batteries”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37 (2012) pp. 3491-3499. W. Weng, Z.M Wang, C.Y.V. Li, S.L.I Chan, “Effect of Electrolyte on Electrochemical Characteristics of MmNi3.55Co0.72Al0.3Mn0.43 Alloy Electrode for Hydrogen Storage”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34, (2009) pp. 5422-5428. C.Y.V. Li, Z.M. Wang and S.L.I. Chan, “Hydrogen Storage in Carbon Nanotubes”, in Chemistry of Carbon Nanotubes (V.A. Basiuk and E.V. Basiuk, Eds.), American Scientific Publishers, Vol. 1, pp. 187-216. (2008) ISBN : 1-588883-129-9. Q.S. Song, G.K. Aravindaraj, H. Sultana and S.L.I. Chan, “Performance Improvement of Pasted Nickel Electrodes with Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes for Rechargeable Nickel Batteries”, Electrochimica Acta, 53 (2007) 18901896.

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


Research has focused on the effect of structure (both micro and macro) on mechanical behaviour. Specific areas of research include directed fibre placement in fibre reinforced plastic composites, failure of composites, natural fibre composites, wood plastic composites, and engineering failure analysis. Recognition of this includes: 150 papers in international journals and conferences; $2m research funding since 2008; 8 PhD/ME completions since 2008; Program Leader, CRC for Advanced Composite Structures.

Professor

Research Contribution

Alan Crosky

Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2006Lecturer/Senior Lecturer/ Associate Professor, UNSW, 1987-2005 Honorary Professor, University of Wales, Swansea, UK, 2006-2010 Visiting Professor, ENSAIT, France, 2008 Visiting Professor, Cambridge University, UK, 2005 Visiting Professor, University of Wales, Swansea, UK, 2005 Visiting Professor, Interdisciplinary Research Centre, University of Wales, Swansea, UK, 2000 Materials and Processing Engineer/Senior Materials and Processing Engineer, Hawker de Havilland 1978-1986 Visiting Engineer F/A 18 program, Cleveland Pneumatic, USA, 1982 Visiting Engineer, Rolls Royce Ltd 1980

BSc (Hons), PhD (UNSW)

Professional Experience

Teaching Contribution Courses taught are Fundamentals of Materials Engineering (large class first year engineering students), Metal Forming, Fractography, Welding and Composites. The first year engineering course is UNSW blended learning exemplar and was UNSW nomination for Blackboard Exemplary Course Project in 2007. Received a Carrick Citation in 2007 (as team leader with M. Hoffman, P. Munroe & B. Allen). Led a 3-year $300k faculty project on dissemination of best practice in learning and teaching. Awards & Memberships Awarded Best Paper in 2006 in the international journal Composite Structures. Selected Publications • • • •

• •

• •

Park, B.G., Crosky, A., Hellier, A.K., (2008) “Fracture toughness of microsphere Al2O3-Al particulate metal matrix composites”, (2008) Composites B, in press: JCOMB956. Buha, J., Lumley R.N., Crosky, A.G., (2008) “Secondary ageing in an aluminium alloy 7050”, (2008) Materials Science & Engineering A, 492(12), 1-10. Li, R., Huong, N., Crosky, A., Mouritz, A., P., Kelly, D., Chang, P., (2009) “Improving bearing performance of composite bolted joints using z-pins”, Composites Science and Technology 75(1-4) 524-531. Allen, B,. Crosky, A., McAlpine, I., Hoffman, M., Munroe, P., “A blended approach to collaborative learning: making large group teaching more student-centred”, Submitted, International Journal of Engineering Education, 28(3), 569-576. Allen, B., Crosky, A., (2009) “Learning Styles and Constructing Understanding - Why learning theory matters to Materials Engineering educators”, Journal of Materials Education, 31(1-2) 117 – 130. Downie, A., Munroe, P., & Crosky, A. (2009). Chapter 2: Characteristics of Biochar – Physical and Structural Properties. In J. Lehmann & S. Joseph (Eds.), Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology: Earthscan. Crosky, A., Grant C., Kelly, D., Fibre Placement, Encyclopedia of Composites, John Wiley 2012. Crosky A., Soatthiyanon N., Ruys D., Meatherall S., Potter S., Thermoset matrix natural fibre composites, in Handbook of natural fibre composites: Properties, processes, failure and applications, Hodzic A., Shanks R., Woodhead, 2013.

Annual Report

27


BSc (Monash), PhD (Monash)

John Daniels

Senior Lecturer

Professional Experience Senior Lecturer, Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW, 2012Lecturer, Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW, 2010-2012 Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering Research Fellow, UNSW, 2010Research Associate, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France, 2007-2010 John Daniels is currently at the School as a Senior Lecturer and Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering research fellow. He was awarded his PhD in 2007 from the School of Physics at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia for work in the field of time-resolved neutron scattering in ferroelectric materials. After his PhD, he spent three years as a postdoctoral researcher within the Structure of Materials group at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France. During this time he specialized in the application of high-energy x-ray scattering techniques to the study of functional and mechanical properties of materials, in particular, electro-ceramics. Research Contribution John’s research focuses on the understanding of the structural origin of physical properties of materials. To date, this research has been primarily directed in the field of electro-mechanical materials where a wide range of underlying structural processes at different length scales leads to the coupling of mechanical load and electrical charge. Further understanding in this area is aimed at improving the quality and range of applications of these materials, which are already used in devices such as ultrasonic imaging transducers and nano-positioning systems. Structural characterization measurements associated with this work are carried out at both neutron and synchrotron x-ray facilities in Australia and abroad. In particular, the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organizations, OPAL research reactor in Sydney, and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in France are used. John is also applying these advanced structural characterization techniques to understanding mechanical deformation in structural nuclear materials and natural biological nano-composites. John currently supervises four honours students, two Masters by Research student, and three PhD students on associated projects. During 2012, John presented his research at the International Workshop on Relaxor Ferroelectrics, Edesheim, Germany and the Asian Meeting on Electroceramics, Penang, Malaysia. He also performed experiments at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technologies, OPAL research reactor, the Australian Synchrotron and the Diamond Light Source, UK. Teaching Contribution Mechanical Properties of Materials (MATS2004) Engineering Materials and Chemistry (MATS1101) Selected Publications • •

28

John E. Daniels, Wook Jo, Wolfgang Donner, “High-energy Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction for In-situ Diffuse Scattering Studies of Bulk Single Crystals” JOM, 64, 174-180 (2012) Hugh Simons, Julia Glaum, John Daniels, Andrew Studer, Andreas Liess, Jürgen Rödel, Mark Hoffman, “Domain fragmentation during cyclic fatigue in 94%(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-6%BaTiO3”, Journal of Applied Physics, 112, 044101, (2012)

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Professional Experience

Professor

Michael’s research interests are concerned mainly with the mechanisms of microstructure and texture evolution during solidification, solid-state phase transformation and deformation & annealing with recent emphasis on the mechanical and physical properties of crystalline and amorphous light metals. Current researches include: • Development of new classes of bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) • Processing and properties of BMGs and their composites • Production and properties of biocompatible BMG components • Recovery/recrystallization mechanisms in deformed single-phase and two-phase alloys • Development of microstructure and texture in materials by thin-strip casting • 3D-EBSD of crystalline materials Publications include over 200 papers in international journals and conference proceedings, 5 book chapters and a sole-authored book on direct strip casting of metals and alloys. Since 2000, substantial research funding has been generated from various sources and 12 HDR students have completed theses in the past 5 years. Professor Ferry is the Deputy Director (Ed&T) and Program Leader (Program A) in the ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals.

Michael Ferry

Research Contribution

BE (Hons) (UoW), PhD (UNSW), CPEng, FIEAust, CEng, FIMMM

Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2008Deputy Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals 2005Associate Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2004-07 EPSRC Senior Fellow, School of Materials, University of Manchester, UK 2004 Visiting Fellow, Department of Materials Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK 2002 Senior Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2000-03 Lecturer, Department of Materials Engineering, University of Wollongong 1996-99 EPSRC Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Materials, University of Manchester 1994-96 Materials Engineer, Alcan Australia Limited 1989-94

Teaching Contribution 2007 2006 2002 1996 1996 1996 1996

-

Fellow of Institution of Engineers, Australia (FIEAust) Fellow of Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (FIMMM) UNSW European Fellowship, University of Cambridge, UK Chartered Engineer (UK) (CEng) Chartered Professional Engineer (Australia) (CPEng) Member of Institute of Materials Engineering, Australia (IMEA) Member of Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, USA (TMS)

Courses taught are in the areas of Physical Properties of Materials; Thermodynamics & Phase Equilibria; Crystallography; X-ray Diffraction; Dislocation Theory; Physical Metallurgy; Phase Transformations, and Thermomechanical Processing. Short course, Baosteel Talent Development Institute, 21 November 2012, Baosteel, Shanghai, China; ● Baosteel-Australia Joint R&D Centre Meeting, 20 November 2012, Baosteel, Shanghai, China; ● Symposium on Quantification of Texture and Microstructure Gradients in Polycrystalline Materials. Materials Science & Technology, MS&T 2012, 7-11 October, 2012, Pittsburgh, USA; ● BaosteelAustralia Joint R&D Centre Meeting, 21-22 May 2012, Baosteel, Shanghai, China; ● 1st AccMet Plenary Project Meeting, 18-20 April 2012, DTU, Risø, Denmark. Selected Publications • •

J.D. Cao, N.T. Kirkland, K.J. Laws, N. Birbilis and M. Ferry (2012). Ca-Mg-Zn bulk metallic glasses as bioresorbable metals, Acta Biomaterialia, 8, pp. 23752383. K.J. Laws, K.F. Shamlaye, K. Wong, B. Gun and M. Ferry (2010). Prediction of glass forming compositions in metallic systems: copper-based bulk metallic glasses in the Cu-Mg-Ca system. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 41, pp. 1699-1705. M.Z. Quadir, O. Al-Buhamad, L. Bassman and M. Ferry (2007). Development of recovered/recrystallized microstructure in Al alloys by accumulative roll bonding. Acta Materialia. 55, p.5438.

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B Engineering (Monash.) PhD (Monash)

Judy Hart

Lecturer

Professional Experience Lecturer, School of Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW, 2013 – Lecturer, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, 2011 – 2012 Post-doctoral Research Associate, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, 2009 – 2011 Ramsay Memorial Fellow, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, 2007 – 2009 Post-doctoral Research Officer, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Bath, United Kingdom, 2006 – 2007 Research Contribution Judy’s research interests are in developing new semiconducting materials, particularly solid solutions and doped materials, for use in renewable energy applications such as photocatalysis and solar cells. This is done using a combination of computational (e.g. density functional theory) and experimental approaches. The focus of this work is understanding relationships between composition and properties and finding effective ways of using computational and experimental techniques in parallel. Teaching Contribution MATS4007

Engineered Surfaces to Resist Corrosion and Wear

Selected Publications Full publication list (http://www.researcherid.com/rid/I-8520-2012) • •

• • • • •

30

“GaP-ZnS Solid Solutions: Semiconductors for Efficient Visible Light Absorption and Emission”, Judy N. Hart, Neil L. Allan, Advanced Materials, 25, 2989-2993 (2013). DOI: 10.1002/adma.201300612 “Towards new binary compounds: Synthesis of amorphous phosphorus carbide by pulsed laser deposition”, Judy N. Hart, Paul W. May, Neil L. Allan, N. L., Keith R. Hallam, Frederik Claeyssens, Gareth M. Fuge, Michelle Ruda, Peter J. Heard, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 198, 466-474 (2013). DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2012.11.008 “Ternary silicon germanium nitrides: A class of tunable band gap materials”, Judy N. Hart, Neil L. Allan, Frederik Claeyssens, Physical Review B, 84, 245209 (2011). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.245209 “Predicting crystal structures ab initio: group 14 nitrides and phosphides”, Judy N. Hart, Neil L. Allan, Frederik Claeyssens, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 12, 8620-8631 (2010). DOI: 10.1039/c004151c “Carbon nitride: Ab initio investigation of carbon-rich phases”, Judy N. Hart, Frederik Claeyssens, Neil L. Allan, Paul W. May, Physical Review B, 80, 174111 (2009). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.174111 “Energy Minimization of Single-Walled Titanium Oxide Nanotubes”, Judy N. Hart, Stephen C. Parker, Alexei A. Lapkin, ACS Nano, 3, 3401-3412, (2009). DOI: 10.1021/nn900723f “Solid phases of phosphorus carbide: An ab initio study”, Frederik Claeyssens, Judy N. Hart, Neil L. Allan, Josep M. Oliva, Physical Review B, 79, 134115 (2009). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.134115

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Prof. Hoffman teaches in the areas of Finite Element Modelling and has taught Fracture Mechanics, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Ceramics, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Surface Treatments and Wear and Management in the Materials Industry. He has received a UNSW ViceChancellors Award for Teaching Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching for the development of online engineering materials tutorials. He also received a Carrick Citation Teaching award in 2007. He chairs the Education Committee on the National Council of Materials Australia.

Professor and Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research)

Mark Hoffman

Prof. Hoffman obtained his PhD in Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science from The University of Sydney in 1994. In 2005 he obtained a Masters of Business & Technology from the University of New South Wales. He has held postdoctoral and research positions at The University of California, Berkeley, Tokyo Metropolitan University, The Technical University Darmstadt, Germany, and the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He commenced at UNSW in 1997 as a lecturer in the School of Materials Science and Engineering. Prof. Mark Hoffman’s research expertise is in the area of structural integrity of materials, specifically the design of materials for high reliability in complex environments through a combination of computational modelling and investigation using an extensive mechanical property research laboratory at UNSW. His research covers fracture mechanics, fatigue, and wear and tribology from the macro- to nano-scale.

BE, PhD (USyd), MBT (UNSW), FIEAust

Prof. Mark Hoffman is the UNSW Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research). Until 2012, he was Head of School at the School of Materials Science and Engineering and the Associate Dean Research in the Faculty of Science at the University of New South Wales. From 2009-13 he was Presiding Member of the University’s Committee on Research. He is a Director of the International Congress on Fracture, a Research Program Leader for the ARC Centre of Excellence in Design in Light Metals, a member of the Services and Strategy Committee for Intersect, an Associate Editor of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society and Honorary Secretary of NSW Branch of the Australian Ceramic Society. In 2011, he was made a Fellow of the Institute of Engineers Australia.

Prof. Hoffman has obtained over $11m in research funding from the Australian Research Council and has been co-investigator on grants from bodies including the US NSF, the German DFG, the Hong Kong Science and Technology Fund, Science Foundation Ireland and Thai government schemes. He has led 5 major contract research projects with local and international industry. He has published over 190 refereed papers including over 150 international journal papers and graduated 23 PhD and Masters students. He currently supervises a group of 12 including 5 PhD students. In 2007 he received the UNSW ViceChancellors Award for Excellence in Postgraduate Supervision. He has hosted 7 international visiting researchers in the past 2 years.

Annual Report

31


BEng (Hons) (Wuhan), MEng (Sth China), PhD (Auckland)

Sean Li

Professor

Professional Experience Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2012-Present Australian Future Fellow, Australian Research Council, 2010-present Associate Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 20092011 Senior Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 20072009 Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2004-2007 Assistant Professor, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore), 19982004 Adjunct Fellow, Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (Singapore), 2002-2004 Research Associate, University of Wollongong, 1997-1998 Research Contribution Sean is currently leading a research group, which consists of 8 full time research fellows, 13 Ph.D. students and 4 M.Sc. students, to work in the research areas of advanced electronic, photonic and multifunctional materials. The research activities of his research group are well funded. Sean has published more than 200 scientific articles in international peerreviewed journals with h-index of 27. He is a referee for 32 journals including “Coordination Chemistry Reviews”, “ACS Nano”, “Chemistry of Materials”, “The Journal of Physical Chemistry”, “Applied Physics Letters” etc. and other prestigious/primary journals. He is also the assessor of research programs for several countries. Teaching Contribution Prof. Sean Li is currently teaching the courses of MATS1354, MATS1101 and ENGG1000 in the school and faculty of engineering. His research interest covers multifunctional materials, energy materials, defence materials and biophotonic materials. Awards & Memberships 2010 – Australian Future Fellow 2006 - Vice-Chancellors Teaching and Research Award 2005 - Committee Member of Electronic Division, American Ceramic Society. 2004 - Excellence in Teaching Award 2004, Nanyang Technological University Singapore Selected Publications •

• •

32

Z.M. Ao, and S. Li, “Hydrogenation of Graphene and Hydrogen Diffusion Behavior on Graphene/Graphane Interface” in “Graphene Simulation”, edited by J.R. Gong (ISBN 978-953-307-556-3), InTech, Vienna, Austria, 53 – 74 (2011). C.C. Yang and S. Li, “Basic Principles for Rational Design of High Performance Nanostructured Silicon-Based Thermoelectric Materials”, Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 12, 3614-3618 (2011). P. H. Tsai, T. S. Zhang, R. Donelson, T. T. Tan, S. Li, “Power factor enhancement in Zn-doped Na0.8CoO2”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 509, 5183-5186 (2011).

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Research Contribution He is responsible for the publication of a significant body of work, totalling over 300 journal papers. In the past 10 years, he has averaged about 20 journal papers a year in high-impact-factor journals. This work has attracted over 5,000 citations and has a H-Index of 35. His research is mostly focused on the characterization of materials using electron microscopy and related methods. This includes the publication of a significant body of work, about 50 journal papers, on focused ion beam technology. This work has received recognition through invitations to address many international conferences. He is currently active in a range of areas of materials characterization of materials such as functional thin films, intermetallic alloys and biochars. He currently serves as an Associate Editor for “Materials Characterization” and he is on the editorial board of a number of other journals including “Microscopy Research and Technique”.

Professor and Head of School

Professor Paul Munroe is the Head of School of Materials Science and Engineering. He completed a BSc (Hons) and PhD in Metallurgy and Materials at the University of Birmingham in the UK before spending three years at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire as a Research Assistant Professor. He came to Australia in 1990 to take up a position at the University of New South Wales. He was promoted to full professor in 2003. Until 2013 he was the Director of the Election Microscope Unit at UNSW.

Paul Munroe

Professional Experience

B Sci (Hons), PhD (Birmingham), Grad.Dip. H.Ed. (UNSW)

Paul has won a large number of ARC grants across a range of schemes and funding programs. He has secured over $20M in research funding. Professor Munroe was one of the founding architects of the NCRIS-funded Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis Research Facility (AMMRF). Until very recently he served as the facility’s Technical Director. Teaching Contribution Paul is an accomplished teacher. He holds a Graduate Diploma in Higher Education from UNSW. He has been awarded a number of teaching grants, including funds awarded by ALTC. These funds have led to the development and implementation of a very successful suite of computer-based modules for the teaching of materials engineering and a suite of interactive on line training tools for teaching microscopy. Awards and Memberships • • •

UNSW Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching (2004) Highly prestigious Carrick Citation from the Australian Learning and Teaching Council. Cowley-Moodie Award from the Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis Society for ‘Outstanding Physical Sciences Electron Microscopy’.

Annual Report

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ARC Professorial Fellow DipIng (Met), PhD, DSc (Eng)

Oleg Ostrovski

Emeritus Professor

Professional Experience Emeritus Professor, 2013 ARC Professorial Fellow, UNSW, 2007- 2012 Head of School, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2004 - 2007 Senior Lecturer/Associate Professor/Professor, UNSW, 1993-2013 Professor, Moscow Steel & Alloys Institute, 1990-1993 Visiting professorial positions at the University of Tokyo 1992 and 2010, La Trobe University, Bendigo 1992, Norwegian University of Science and Technology 1999, SINTEF, Norway 2009 and 2012. Research Contribution Major contributions are in the field of pyrometallurgical technologies for minerals processing, iron-, steel-, and ferroalloy-making. Areas of research include thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanisms of metallurgical reactions; properties of molten metals and slags; reduction, smelting and refining processes, environmental issues in pyrometallurgy. In 2008-2012, 37 papers were published in international journals; research funding exceeded $1.5M; 8 PhD projects and 1 Masters project were completed. Awards & Memberships 2007—ARC Professorial Fellowship 2004 — Benjamin F Fairless award (Association for Iron and Steel Technologies, USA) for “Excellence in the application of fundamental research to the improvement of steelmaking processes and for energetic and innovative leadership to steelmaking community”. 1985 — Soviet Union Government award “The Council of Ministers of the USSR Prize” for development of cost-efficient technologies for high alloy steels Editorial Board Member - High Temperature Materials and Processes Electrometallurgy Advisory Board Member - ISIJ International 2004-2006 Selected Publications • • • • • •

34

G. Zhang and O. Ostrovski (2000), Reduction of Titania by MethaneHydrogen-Argon Gas Mixture, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 31B (1), 129-139. J. Zhang and O. Ostrovski (2001) Cementite Formation in CH4-H2-Ar Gas Mixture and Cementite Stability, ISIJ International, 41 (4), 333-339. E. Park, J. Zhang, S. Thomson, O. Ostrovski and R. Howe (2001) Characterisation of Phases Formed in the Iron Carbide Process, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B (5), 839-845. M.M. Yastreboff, O. Ostrovski and S. Ganguly (2003) Effect of Gas Composition on the Carbothermic Reduction of Manganese Oxide, ISIJ International, 43 (2), 161-165. A. Adipuri, G. Zhang and O. Ostrovski (2008) Chlorination of Titanium Oxycarbide Produced by Carbothermal Reduction of Rutile, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B (1), 23-34. M. Dewan, G. Zhang and O. Ostrovski (2009) Carbothermal Reduction of Titania in Different Gas Atmospheres, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 40B (1), 62-69.

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Prof. Veena Sahajwalla, in close collaboration with OneSteel, established a method by which an intractable carbon-rich waste product can be successfully supplanted for a natural resource in Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) steelmaking. In addition to being without detriment to furnace functioning or the finished product, her research has shown that carbon from recycled scrap rubber tyres can produce a more stable foamy slag compared to coke only – greatly improving furnace energy efficiency. Successfully incorporated into commercial-scale industrial furnaces operated by OneSteel over the past 4 years, this technology has now been commercialised under licence to international EAF steelmakers. The WorldFirst Polymer Injection Technology was included in the 2012 List of Innovations that Could Change The Way We Manufacture by the Society for Manufacturing Engineers. OneSteel conducted the first commercial implementation of this technology outside of Australia, at UMC Metals in Thailand in May 2011, and is in discussions with Steelmakers from Asia – South Korea, Thailand, India, Taiwan, Europe (Italy) and the Americas (United States, Canada and Brazil) regarding implementations in those countries. Teaching Contribution

Scientia Professor

Research Contribution

Veena Sahajwalla

ARC Future Fellow 2010Scientia Professor, UNSW, 2009 Director, Centre for Sustainable Materials Research and Technology, UNSW, 2008 – Associate Dean (Strategic Industry Relations), Faculty of Science, UNSW, 2007 – Visiting Professor, University Malaysia Perlis, 2006 Professor (since 2004); Associate Professor (2001–04); Senior Lecturer (1996– 2001); Lecturer (1994–96), UNSW

Associate Dean (Strategic Industry Relations) BTech (IIT Kanpur), MASc (UBC), PhD (Mich), MAIE, MIBF, MAus., IMM, FTSE

Professional Experience

Courses taught are in the areas of Fluid Flow and Pollution Control. Veena runs the undergraduate 1st year Materials Conference. Memberships and Learned Academies Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (2007): for ‘achievements as an exceptional and innovative engineer with an established record of successful conversions of research to high-value products’. Link: http://www.unsw.edu.au/news/pad/articles/2007/nov/ATSE_Fellows.html Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Australia (since 2005) Honours, Awards and Prizes • • • • • • • • • • • • •

2012 Banksia Award, GE Eco Innovation Award for Individual Excellence 2012 The Australian Challenge Innovation – Overall Winner 2012 CRC Australian Collaborative Innovation Award 2012 UNSW Innovation Awards - Innovation Excellence Winner 2011 National winner Nokia Business Innovation Award 2011 Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award, (outstanding achievement - field of Science), Government of India 2009 Joseph Kapitan Award for the best cokemaking paper (‘Effect of coke minerals and carbon structure on coke behaviour in the Ruukki blast furnace’), AIST. Joint Winner – OneSteel and UNSW (2009) Australian Steel Institute Sustainability Award. 2009 NSi Inventor of the Year in the Science/Engineering Category. 2008 New South Wales Scientist of the Year Award, category Engineering Science. 2006 Environmental Technology Award,(‘Waste plastics – a resource for EAF steelmaking’), AIST. 2006 Charles Briggs Award, for the best paper in electric steelmaking (‘Influence of carbonaceous materials on slag foaming behaviour during EAF steelmaking’), AIST. 2005 Eureka Prize for Scientific Research, for innovations in recycling waste plastics in steelmaking, Australian Museum.

Annual Report

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BSc (Missouri), MSc (Penn.), PhD (UNSW)

Charles Sorrell

Professor

Further Qualifications Diploma Gemmology Gemmological Ass’n of Australia 1984 Certificate Diamond Grading Gemmological Ass’n of Australia 1992 Diploma Diamond Technology Gemmologica Ass’n of Australia 1993 Professional Experience Professor 1997Associate Professor 1992-96 Senior Lecturer 1989-91 Lecturer 1987-89 Research Contribution The main focus of Prof. Sorrell’s research has been in the processing of ceramics, including fabrication, forming and densification of bulk materials, thick films and thin films. Main research themes include phase equilibria, crystal growth, hightemperature superconductivity, bioceramics, microwave heating of ceramics, gas sensors and fuel cells and photocatalytic titania. In the last five years, Chris has published 63 papers and has been awarded grants of $4.46 million. Teaching Contribution MATS2008 MATS3002 MATS4002 MATS1464

Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria Fundamentals of Ceramic Processing Design with Advanced Ceramics Professional Communication and Presentation

Chris has graduated 12 PhD and Masters students and supervised 13 Honours students. Awards 2010 Best Paper Award, 5th International Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, Langkawi, Kedah, Malaysia 2010 Commendation, 4th Outstanding Student Award, Green Electronics, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Hsinchu, Taiwan 2011 Sapphire Award, February Finalist, Journal of Materials Science 2011 Travel Award, 6th International Symposium on Surface Science, Tokyo, Japan 2012 2nd Prize, Oral Presentation, 10th Eco-Energy & Materials Science and Engineering Symposium, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand 2012 Best Paper, Nanotechnology and Material Technology Session, 10th EcoEnergy & Materials Science and Engineering Symposium, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand Selected Publications Books • C.C. Sorrell, Editor, Volume 1417 – 2011 MRS Fall Meeting – Symposium KK – Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration. Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, 2012, pp. 126. Book Chapters • C.C. Sorrell, H. Taib, T.C. Palmer, F. Peng, Z. Xia, and M. Wei, “Hydroxyapatite and Other Biomedical Coatings by Electrophoretic Deposition”, pp. 81135 in Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook: Processing and Characterization. Edited by S. Zhang. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2011. Refereed Journal Publications • A. Nakaruk and C.C. Sorrell, “Conceptual Model for Spray Pyrolysis Mechanism: Fabrication and Annealing of Titania Thin Films”, J. Coat. Technol. Res., 7 [5] 665-76 (2010). • D.A.H. Hanaor and C.C. Sorrell, “Review of the Anatase to Rutile Phase Transformation”, J. Mater. Sci., 46 [4] 855-74 (2011). • [W.L. Kwong, N. Savvides, and C.C. Sorrell, “Electrodeposited Nanostructured WO3 Thin Films for Photoelectrochemical Applications”, Electrochim. Acta, 75, 371-80 (2012).

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


The focus of Owen’s research is the processing-microstructure-property relationship of advanced ceramics for functional applications, including colloidal processing of electroceramics, compositional and microstructural modification of bioactive and bioinert ceramics for orthopaedic and dental applications, sol-gel deposition of functional ceramic coatings for electronic applications, development of functional (sol-gel) coatings on textile fibres, and ceramic coatings on biomedical alloys. Teaching Contribution Courses are taught in the following areas: metallography and microstructural analysis, design and application of materials in science and engineering, ceramic materials, ceramic processing and design, mechanical properties of biomaterials, and materials industry management. Coordinator of the BE and BE/MBiomedE programs in Materials Science & Engineering. Coordinator of the undergraduate Co-op Scholarship Program in Materials Science & Engineering.

Senior Lecturer and Deputy Head of School

Research Contribution

Owen Standard

Deputy Head of School, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2009– Senior Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2002– Visiting Researcher, Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramics– Centre of National Research (ISTEC–CNR), Faenza, Italy, 2006 Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 1997–2002 Australian Research Council Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 1994–1997 Research Scientist, CRC for Eye Research & Technology, UNSW, 1993–1994

BE (Hons), PhD (UNSW)

Professional Experience

Awards & Memberships Associate Editor, Journal of the Australasian Ceramic Society, 2006– Editor, News Bulletin of the Australasian Ceramic Society, 1997–2000 Member, Advisory Panel on Orthopaedic Devices, Therapeutic Device Evaluation Committee, Therapeutic Goods Administration, ACT, Australia, 2001–2003 Selected Publications • • • •

• •

L.-H. He, O.C. Standard, T.T.Y. Huang, B.A. Latella, and M.V. Swain, “Mechanical Behaviour of Porous Hydroxyapatite”, Acta Biomaterialia, 4, 577-586 (2008). F. Heilmann, O. C. Standard, F. A. Müller, M. Hoffman, “Development of Graded Hydroxyapatite/CaCO3 Composite Structures for Bone Ingrowth”, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 18, 1817-1824 (2007). H.Okano, K.Hasegawa, B. Ben-Nissan, and O.C. Standard, “Preparation of Piezoelectric Ceramic Thin Films and their Applications to Ghz –Band Surface Acoustic Wave Devices”, J. Aust. Ceram. Soc. 42 [2] (2006). M.B. Pabbruwe, O.C. Standard, C.C. Sorrell, and C.R. Howlett, “Use of an Intramedullary In Vivo Model to Study Bone Formation and Maintenance in Ceramic Porous Domains”, J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 68A [2] 305-313 (2004). I.J. Bae, O.C. Standard, G. Roger, and D. Brazil, “Phase and Microstructural Development in Alumina Sol Gel Coatings on CoCr Alloy”, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 15 [9] 959-966 (2004). K.R. Ratinac, O.C. Standard, and P.J. Bryant, “Lignosulphonate Adsorption on and Stabilisation of Lead Zirconate Titanate in Aqueous Suspension”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 273 [2] 442-454 (2004).

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BE (Pune), PhD (Maryland)

Nagarajan Valanoor

Associate Professor and ARC Research Fellow

Professional Experience Assoc. Professor,Senior Lecturer/Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 2005-current Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow, Forschungszentrum Juelich Germany, 2003-2004 Visiting Researcher, National University Singapore 2006 Visiting Researcher, University of Maryland (USA) 2005 Research Contribution Most significant contributions are in the field of thin film epitaxy - functional property relationships for ferroelectrics, dielectrics and multiferroic nanomaterials. Areas of research include thin-film oxide epitaxy, scanned probe microscopy of functional materials and Landau-Ginzburg modelling of phasetransitions. Recognition of this includes: 60+ papers in international journals; $4m research funding since 2005. Currently supervising 7 PhD; completed 1 MSc since commencing at UNSW. Teaching Contribution Courses taught are in the areas of Diffusion and Kinetics, Advanced Nanomaterials, Introduction to Materials Design and Nanotechnology, Solid State Chemistry and Nanofabrication. Awards & Memberships 2010 – Australian Research Fellow 2006 - Vice-Chancellors Teaching and Research Award 2005 - Committee Member of Electronic Division, American Ceramic Society. 2004 - Excellence in Teaching Award 2004, Nanyang Technological University Singapore Selected Publications •

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“Theory of Giant Electromechanical Response from Ferroelectric Bilayers with Polydomain Structures due to Interlayer and Interdomain Coupling” R. Mahjoub, S. P. Alpay and V. Nagarajan, Physical Review Letters 105, 197601 (2010) “Crossing an interface: Ferroelectric control of tunnel currents in magnetic complex oxide heterostructures” M. Hambe, A. Petraru, N. A. Pertsev, P. Munroe, V. Nagarajan and H. H. Kohlstedt, Advanced Functional Materials 20, 2436 (2010) “Direct evidence for cation non-stoichiometry and Cottrell atmospheres around dislocation cores in functional oxide interfaces.” M. Arredondo, Q. M. Ramose, M. Weyland, R. Mahjoub, I. Vrejoiu, D. Hesse, N. D. Browning, M. Alexe, P. Munroe, and V. Nagarajan, Advanced Materials 22, 2430 (2010) “Universal behavior and electric field-induced structural transition in rareearth substituted BiFeO3”, D. Kan, L. Pálová, V. Anbusathaiah, C. J. Cheng, S. Fujino, V. Nagarajan, K. M. Rabe, and I. Takeuchi, Advanced Functional Materials 20,1108 (2010).

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Most significant contributions are in the field of growth and characterization of functional oxide thin films for ferroelectric, piezoelectric, electro-optic and dielectric applications. Areas of research include: Thin film technology and physics; Functional materials and devices; Micro/nanofabrication techniques; Structural analysis and x-ray physics. Recognition of this includes ~50 papers in international journals, 2 book chapters and a number of conference proceedings. Dr. Wang is currently supervising four PhD students, two honours students, and has supervised to completion two MSc students since starting at UNSW. Teaching Contribution MATS2008 Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria MATS2294 Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Ceramics MATS4002 Design and Advanced Ceramics NANO1001 Nanotechnology I NANO3101 Advanced Nanomaterials NANO3420 Fabrication of Nanostructured Devices

Lecturer

Research Contribution

Danyang Wang

Lecturer, School of Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW, 2011- present Vice-Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW, 2009-2011 Postdoctoral Fellow, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, 2008-2009 Research Associate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2006-2008

BE (TJU), MPhil (PolyU), PhD (PolyU)

Professional Experience

Awards & Memberships UNSW Vice-Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellowship Co-Editor of special issue in Key Engineering Materials for Electroceramics Member of Materials Research Society Singapore Selected Publications •

Q. Li, Y. Liu, D. Y. Wang, Ray L. Withers, Z. R. Li, H. S. Luo and Z. Xu, “Switching spectroscopic measurement of surface potentials on ferroelectric surfaces via an open-loop Kelvin probe force microscopy method”, Applied Physics Letter, 101, 242906 (2012) D. Y. Wang, N. Y. Chan, R. K. Zheng, C. Kong, D. M. Lin, J. Y. Dai, H. L. W. Chan and S. Li, “Multiferroism in orientational engineered (La, Mn) cosubstituted BiFeO3 thin films”, Journal of Applied Physics, 109, 114105 (2011) D. Y. Wang, D. M. Lin, K. W. Kwok, N. Y. Chan, J. Y. Dai, S. Li and H. L. W. Chan, “Ferroelectric, piezoelectric and leakage current properties of (K0.48Na0.48Li0.04)(Nb0.775Ta0.225)O3 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition”, Applied Physics Letter, 98, 022902 (2011)

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BEng, MEng (ZJU), PhD (UNSW), MIT (Sydney)

Runyu Yang

Associate Professor

Professional Experience Associate Professor, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2012 Senior Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2008 2011 Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2006 - 2008 ARC-CSIRO Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2003-2006 Research Contribution A/Prof. Yang has been working in the area of particle/powder science and technology for the past 15 years. His primary research interest lies in particle technology, aiming to understand the behaviour of particles through rigorous modelling and simulation at microscopic and macroscopic levels. The knowledge is then applied to solving problems in various industrial applications. To achieve this, his work has been focusing on developing multi-scale models, facilitated by advanced particle characterisation, to simulate particles at different time and length scales. His many research areas include particle packing and compaction, particle flow/agglomeration in drums, breakage of agglomerates in fluid flow, multi-scale modelling of grinding processes and development of advanced numerical techniques. A/Prof. Yang has published over 90 high quality papers in leading international journals with high impact factors, including Physical Review Letters/E, J. Applied Physics, J. Colloid and Interface Science, AIChE J. Etc. These publications have generated more than 1000 total citations with h-index of 16. Since 2006, he has secured more than $2m in research funds from Australia governments, university and industries, including 7 ARC Discovery and Linkage projects. He is currently leading an active group consisting 3 PhD and of 3 Master students. Teaching Contribution Courses taught in 2012 including Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer and Modelling in Material Engineering. Awards & Memberships Member of American Association of Aerosol Research Selected Publications • • • • • • • • •

40

Mcelory L, Bao J, Yang RY, Yu AB (2012). A soft-sensor approach to impact intensity prediction in stirred mills guided by DEM models. Powder Technology, 219, 151-157. Jayasundara CT, Yang RY, Yu AB (2012). Discrete Particle Simulation of Particle Flow in a Stirred Mill: Effect of Mill Properties and Geometry, I&EC Research, 51, 1050-1061. Tang P, Kwok P, Tong ZB, Yang RY, Raper J, Chan H-K (2012). Does the United States Pharmacopeia Throat Introduce De-agglomeration of Carrier-Free Powder from Inhalers? Pharm Res., 29:1797–1807. Dong KJ, Yang RY, Zou RP, Yu AB (2012), Settling of particles in liquids: effects of material properties. AIChE J. 58, 1409. Liu PY, Yang RY, Zou RP, Yu AB (2013), DEM study of the transverse mixing of wet particles in rotating drums, Chem Eng Sci, 86, 99–107 Tong ZB, Zheng B, Yang RY, Chan H-K, Yu AB (2013), CFD-DEM investigation of the dispersion mechanisms in commercial dry powder inhalers, Powder Technology, doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2012.07.012 Tjakra JD, Bao J, Hudon N and Yang RY (2013), Analysis of Collective Dynamics of Particulate Systems Modeled by Markov Chains, Powder Technology. 10.1016/j.powtec.2012.10.012 Adi S, Adi H, Chan H-K, Tong ZB, Yang RY, Yu AB (2013), Effects of Mechanical Impaction on Aerosol Performance of Particles with Different Surface Roughness, Powder Technology, 236, 164. Zhou Q, Tong ZB, Tang P, Citterio M, Yang RY, H-K Chan (2013), Effect of Device Design on the Aerosolization of a Carrier-Based Dry Powder Inhaler—a Case Study on Aerolizer ® Foradile®, AAPS J., DOI: 10.1208/ s12248-013-9458-6.

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Emeritus Professor

Research Contribution

David Young

Visiting Scientist, Forschungszentrum, Juelich, Germany, 2008, 2010, 2012 Visiting Scientist, Dechema, Frankfurt, Germany, 2009 Visiting Professor, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, 2007 Distinguished Visiting Professor, INPT-CIRIMAT, Toulouse, 2006 Distinguished Visiting Scientist, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2005 Head of School, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW 1989-2003 Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor, School of Chemical Engineering & Industrial Chemistry, UNSW 1978-1988 Visiting Professor, Istituto dei Materiali, Universita di Genova, 1986-1987 Visiting Professor, Institute for Materials Research, Mcmaster University, 1983 Research Officer, Central Research Laboratories, BHP Steel, 1977-1978 Research Officer, Applied Chemistry, National Research Council of Canada, 1975-1977 Research Fellow, Materials Science & Engineering, McMaster University, 19711975 Post-doctoral Fellow, Chemistry, University of Toronto, 1969-1971

BSc (Hons), PhD (Melbourne)

Professional Experience

Most significant contributions are in the field of high temperature alloygas interactions. Particular emphasis is placed on the diffusion and phase transformation processes which support these reactions. Current work includes fundamental studies of corrosion by CO2, metal dusting reactions and of water vapour effects on oxidation. The work has led to two books, 6 patents and over 200 international journal papers. It has been recognised by election as chair of a Gordon Research Conference, appointment to ARC Advisory Panel, Engineering and Environmental Sciences (2001-2003), appointment to Board, CRC for Coal in Sustainable Development, and membership of editorial boards: Oxidation of Metals, J. Corrosion Science & Technology, J. Phase Equilibrium, Materials Science Forum and continuous funding from peer reviewed competitive grant schemes since 1979. A total of over 50 PhD and Masters students graduated, including 15 since 2000. Recent publication of a book “High temperature oxidation and corrosion” (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2008) provides a summary and review of much of the research on high temperature materials carried out in the School over the past two decades. Teaching Contribution Retired from teaching. During period as Head of School, revised all undergraduate programs and established the BSc (Nanotechnology) degree. Awards & Memberships 2010 Fellow, Electrochemical Society 2008 U.R. Evans Award (Institute Corrosion Science & Technology, UK) 2008 High Temperature Materials Outstanding Achievement Award (Electrochemical Society, USA) 2003 Corrosion Medal (Australasian Corrosion Association) 1995 FRACI 1993 FTSE 1990 FIMMA, FIEAust Selected Publications • • •

S. Hayashi, S. Ford, D. J. Young, D. J. Sordelet, M. F. Besser and B. Gleeson, - NiPt(Al) and phase equilibria of Ni-Pt-Al at 1150°C, Acta Mater., 53, 331928 (2005). M. Hansel, W.J. Quadakkers and D.J. Young, Role of water vapour in chromia scale growth at low oxygen partial pressures, Oxid. Met., 59, 285-301 (2003) D.J. Young, High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals, Elsevier, Amsterdam (2008).

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BE (Tianjin, China), PhD (National University of Singapore)

Jiabao Yi

Senior Lecturer and QEII Fellow

Professional Experience Senior Lecturer & QE II Fellow, School of Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW, 2011- present Lee Kuan Yew Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 2008-2011 Research Fellow, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 2007-2008 Research Engineer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2005-2006 Research Contribution Most significant contributions are in the field of diluted magnetic semiconductors based on oxide semiconductors, magnetic materials, nonstructural, oxide electronics, spintronics materials. Recognition of this includes: 90+ papers in international journals; 1700+ citations, career h-index 23. Teaching Contribution Course teaching: Physical Properties of Materials Awards & Memberships 2011, ARC 2008,, Lee Member of Member of Member of Member of

Queen Elizabeth II Fellowship Kuan Yew Postdoctoral Fellowship Institute of Physics Society, Singapore Materials Research Society , Singapore Royal Society of Chemistry, UK. Australia nanotechnology network, Australia.

Selected Publications •

• • •

42

L. Shen, S.W. Yang, S. C. Xiang, T. Liu, B.C. Zhao, M. F. Ng, J. Göettlicher, J.B. Yi, S. Li, L. Wang, J. Ding, B.L. Chen, S. H. Wei, and Y. P. Feng,”Origin of long range ferromagnetic ordering in metal-organic frameworks with antiferromagnetic dimeric-Cu(II) building units” Journal of American Chemical Society, 134, 17286-17290 (2012). N.N. Bao, J.B. Yi, H.M. Fan, X.B. Qin, P. Zhang, B.Y. Wang, J. Ding and S. Li, “Vacancy Induced Room Temperature Ferromagnetism in Ga-TiO2”, Scripta Materialia , 10, 82-824 (2012). Y.W. Ma, Y.H. Luo, J.B. Yi, Y.P. Feng, T. S. Herng, X. Liu, D. Q. Gao, D. S. Xue, J. M. Xue, J. Y. Ouyang, J. Ding, “Unexpected room temperature ferromagnetism in Teflon”, Nature Communications, 3, 727 (2012). 4. J.B. Yi, C. C. Lim, Y. P. Feng, J. Ding, G. Z. Xing, H. M. Fan, L. H. Van, S. L. Huang, K. S. Yang, X.L. Huang,X.B. Qin, B.Y. Wang, T. Wu, L. Wang, H.T. Zhang, X.Y. Gao, T. Liu, and A.T.S. Wee, “Ferromagnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors through Defect Engineering: Li-doped ZnO” Physical Review Letters 104, 137201 (2010). J.B. Yi, H. Pan, J.Y. Lin, J. Ding, Y.P. Feng, S. Thongmee, T. Liu, H. Gong, and L. Wang, “Ferromagnetism ZnO Nanowires Derived from Electrodeposition on AAO Template and Subsequently Oxidation” Advanced Materials 20, 1170 (2008). H. Pan, J.B.Yi, J.Y. Lin, Y.P. Feng, J. Ding, L.H. Van, and J.H. Yin, “Room Temperature Ferromagnetism in Carbon Doped ZnO” Physical Review Letters 99, 127201 (2007).

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Aibing Yu specialized in process metallurgy, obtaining BEng in 1982 and MEng in 1985 from Northeastern University, PhD in 1990 from University of Wollongong (UoW), and DSc in 2007 from the University of New South Wales (UNSW). He has been with UNSW School of Materials Science and Engineering since June 1992. He is currently Scientia Professor and ARC Federation Fellow, directing a world-class research facility “Lab for Simulation and Modelling of Particulate Systems (SIMPAS)”. He is a world-leading scientist in particle/powder technology and process engineering, which is very much related to the mineral/metallurgical/ chemical/material industries. He has made many significant contributions and is recognized as an authority in particle packing, particulate and multiphase processing, and simulation and modelling. He has authored >700 publications (including 388 collected in SCI), and delivered many invited plenary/keynote presentations at various international conferences. He has attracted >$26M external research funds (~50 ARC grants) to UNSW, graduated ~60 research students (~45 PhD). He currently serves as an Editor for “Powders Technology” and he is on the editorial board of >10 learned journals including Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Powder Technology, Granular Matter, and ISIJ International.

Scientia Professor and Federation Fellow

Research Contribution

Aibing Yu

Director, Australia-China Joint Research Centre for Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, 2013Federation Fellow, Australian Research Council, 2008-2013 Scientia Professor, UNSW, 2007Deputy Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, 20082010 Australian Professorial Fellow, Australian Research Council, 2005-2008 Inaugural Director, Centre for Computer Simulation and Modelling of Particulate Systems, UNSW, 2000-2007 ARC QEII Fellow, 1993-1997 Professor, 2001-; Associate Professor (98-01), Senior Lecturer (95-97), Lecturer (92-95), School of Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW Research Fellow, University of Wollongong, 1991-1992 Postdoctoral Fellow, Division of Mineral & Process Engineering, CSIRO,1990-1991

B Eng, MEng (NEU), PhD (UoW), DSc (UNSW), FTSE, FIChemE

Professional Experience

Awards & Memberships 2012 Postdoctoral Supervisor of the Year, UNSW 2011 Top 100 Most Influential Engineers in Australia 2011 Distinguished Visiting Fellow award, Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) 2011 Fellow, Australian Academy of Science 2010 NSW Scientist of the Year (in the category of Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Sciences), NSW State Government 2010 ExxonMobile Award, Australian and New Zealand Federation of Chemical Engineers 2010 Ian Wark Medal and Lecture, Australian Academy of Science 2008 ARC Federation Fellowship Award (08-13) 2007 Doctor of Science (DSc), University of New South Wales 2006 Scientia Professor, University of New South Wales (07-18) 2005 ARC Australian Professorial Fellowship Award (05-09) 2004 Fellow, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering 2003 Outstanding Overseas Chinese Scholar Award, China 2002 Josef Kapitan Ironmaking Award, Iron and Steel Society 1993 ARC Queen Elizabeth II Fellowship Award (93-97) 1990 CSIRO Postdoctoral Fellowship Award (90-91) Publications Please see the SIMPAS website for details: http://www.simpas.unsw.edu.au/ pubsbyyear.html

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BE (SEU), ME (ZJU), PhD (UNSW)

Jianqiang Zhang

Senior Lecturer

Professional Experience Senior Lecturer, UNSW, 2012Senior Research Fellow, UNSW, 2009-2011 Research Fellow, Research Associate, UNSW, 2003-2009 Research Scientist, Max-Planck Institute for Iron Research, Germany, 20002003 Visiting Research Fellow, University of Newcaste, 1996 Associate Professor, Lecturer, Southeast University, China, 1987-1996 Research Contribution Most significant contributions are in the field of gas-solid reactions at high temperature, including high temperature corrosion and processing metallurgy. Research emphases are on the reaction thermodynamics and kinetics, phase transformation and characterisation, reaction mechanism understanding, sustainable materials processing, and new materials development. The work has led to 65 international journal papers (including book chapters) and more than 27 conference papers. Total research funding exceeds $1.4 m, mainly from ARC. Teaching Contribution Process Metallurgy advanced Secondary Processing of Metals Sustaniable Materials Processing Thermomechanical Processing Awards & Memberships Australian Research Fellowship (ARF) 2006-2010 Max-Planck-Society Fellowship 2002 Vice President & Treasurer for Australasian Corrosion Association, NSW Branch Selected Publications • • • • • • • •

J. Zhang, P. Munroe, D.J. Young, “Microprocesses in nickel accompanying metal dusting”, Acta Materialia, 56 (2008) pp 68-77. J. Zhang, D.J. Young, “Coking and Dusting of Fe-Ni Alloys in CO-H2-H2O Gas Mixtures”, Oxidation of Metals, 70 (2008) pp 189-211. J. Zhang, D.J. Young, “Kinetics and Mechanisms of nickel metal dusting I. Kinetics and morphology”, Corrosion Science, 49 (2007) pp1496-1512. J. Zhang, D.J. Young, “Effect of copper on metal dusting of austenitic stainless steels”, Corrosion Science, 49 (2007) pp 1450-1467. J. Zhang, D. M. I. Cole, D. J. Young, “Alloying with Copper to Reduce Metal Dusting of Nickel”, Materials and Corrosion, 56 (2005) 756-764. J. Zhang, A. Schneider, G. Inden, “Characterisation of the Coke Formed during Metal Dusting of Iron in CO-H2-H2O Gas Mixtures”, Corrosion Science, Vol. 45, No. 6 (2003) pp 1329-1341. J. Zhang, A. Schneider, G. Inden, “Effect of Gas Composition on Cementite Decomposition and Coke Formation on Iron”, Corrosion Science, Vol. 45, No. 2 (2003) pp 281-299. J. Zhang, O. Ostrovski, “Iron Ore Reduction/Cementation: Experimental Results and Kinetic Modelling”, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, Vol. 29, No.1 (2002) pp 15-21.

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


Dr. Zhou’s working area is in particle/powder science and technology. He has developed an extensive expertise in the numerical modelling of multiphase flow, heat transfer and granular dynamics, and their applications to different processes. He has made a number of significant contributions to this area, mainly including (i) contributing two-part comprehensive review papers on DEM/ CFD-DEM theories and their applications; (ii) representing a comprehensive assessment of model formulation, implementation and related issues in the CFD-DEM approach, fully establishing this particle scale approach for general application; (iii) extending CFD-DEM to study heat transfer in fluid bed reactors; (iv) developing DEM model for non-spherical particles (ellipsoids); and (v) CFD-DEM modelling of process metallurgy, e.g. multiphase flow and thermal behaviour related to an ironmaking blast furnace, aiming to provide better understanding of the process control.

Lecturer

Research Contribution

Zongyan Zhou

Lecturer, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2011 ARC Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2007-2010 Research Associate, School of Materials Science & Engineering, UNSW, 2007

BE (NEU), PhD (NEU)

Professional Experience

Teaching Contribution MATS3003 Engineering in process metallurgy MATS5394 Pollution control in materials processing Publications from 2012 • • •

Q.F Hou, Z.Y. Zhou and A.B. Yu, Computational study of heat transfer in a bubbling fluidized bed with a horizontal tube, AIChE Journal, 58 (2012) 1422-1434. Q.F. Hou, Z. Y. Zhou and A. B. Yu, Micromechanical modeling and analysis of different flow regimes in gas fluidization, Chemical Engineering Science 84 (2012) 449-468. Q.F. Hou, Z.Y. Zhou, and A.B. Yu, Computational Study of the Effects of Material Properties on Heat Transfer in Gas Fluidization, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 51(2012) 11572-11586.

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Technical Staff

Rohana Chandratilleke Professional Officer

Rahmat Kartono Technical Officer

Soo Woon Chong Technical Officer

Danny Kim ITC Support Officer

Jane Gao Senior ITC Support Officer

Thwin Htoo Technical Support

William Joe Research Support Engineer 46

School of Materials Science and Engineering

NM Saha Chaudhury Research Engineer

George Yang Technical Officer

Anthony Zhang Safety Officer


Administrative Staff

Courtenay Atwell Undergraduate Administrator

Lana Strizhevsky Postgraduate Administrator

Uttra Benton Industry Relations and Communication Officer

Juanita Vargas Marketing and Outreach Officer

Joanne Hallis Executive Assistant to Head of School

Qing Xia Purchasing Officer

Rosalind Haskew Marketing Officer (on leave)

Lucy Zhang School Manager

Annual Report

47


Roles on External Bodies Sri Bandyopadhyay • Knowledge Partner in the International Conference on Utilisation of Fly Ash (India) Sammy Chan • Interviewer for Chartered Engineers and Chartered Scientists, UK • Professional Interviewer for Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining • International reader for ARC • External Examiner for PhD theses for RMIT University and Monash University Alan Crosky • Member Mock Interview Team, Promotion to Professor, UNSW • Chair, Education Committee, School of Materials Science and Engineering John Daniels • Chair of the Beamline Scoping Group for the Advanced Diffraction and Scattering beamline proposal for the Australian Synchrotron • Member of the Program Advisory Committee for the Powder Diffraction beamline of the Australian Synchrotron Michael Ferry • Member - ARC Centre of Excellence (Design in Light Metals) Executive Committee • Member - ARC Centre of Excellence (Design in Light Metals) Research Management Committee • Member – International Advisory Group for Australian Microscopy & Microanalysis Research Facility (AMMRF) • New South Wales Branch Councillor of Institute of Materials Engineering, Australia • Member, International Committee of the International Conference series on Recrystallization and Grain Growth • Member, Organizing Committee of the 5th International Conference on Recrystallization and Grain Growth (2013), Sydney, Australia Mark Hoffman • International Congress on Fracture, Board Member • Australian Fracture Group, Committee Member • Materials Australia, Education Committee Chair • Intersect E-services Committee, Member • Member, Germany Centre of Excellence Programme in Engineering Sciences Assessment Panel • ARC Centre of Excellence in Design in Light Metals, Research Program Leader and Research Committee Member Sean Li • Elected Executive Board Member, Asian Electroceramics Association • Vice President, International Thin Film Society since 2010 • Research Program Assessor • Research Program Assessor for Department of Energy, USA • Research Program Assessor for American Chemical Society Petroleum, USA • Research Program Assessor for Canada Excellence Research Chairs, Canada • OZreader for Australian Research Council (ARC) • Grant Assessor for National Science Foundation, South Africa • Research Program Assessor for Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore • Research Program Assessor for National Research Foundation, Singapore • Grant Assessor for Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization

48

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Paul Munroe • OzReader for Australian Research Council • Ambassador for Business Events Sydney • Technical Committee (Chair) Australian Microscopy and Microscopy Research Facility • IT Committee Australian Microscopy and Microscopy Research Facility - IT Committee • Operations Group Committee Australian Microscopy and Microscopy Research Facility • Co-chair Committee to host IMC-19 in 2018 Veena Sahajwalla • Commissioner, Federal Government Climate Commission • Board Member, NSW Australia Day Council • ARC College Member and Chair, EMI Panel Owen Standard • Associate Lecturer to Lecturer, Faculty of Engineering Promotions Committee: • Lecturer to Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Science Promotions Committee. Nagarajan Valanoor • Symposium Organizer, “Domain Engineering in Ferroic Systems”, International Materials Research Congress, Cancun 2012 Danyang Wang • Assessor for Australian Research Council • Research Program evaluator for National Council for Research and Development, Romania Jiabao Yi • Assessor for Australian Research Council • Member of Institute of Physics Society, Singapore • Member of Materials Research Society , Singapore • Member of Royal Society of Chemistry, UK • Member of Australia nanotechnology network, Australia David Young • Member – Advisory Board, ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals • Member – Technical Advisory Committee, Baosteel-Australia Research and Development Centre Jiabao Yi • Assessor of Australia Research Council Aibing Yu • Committee Member, Association pour l’Etude de la Micromécanique des Milieux Granu (AEMMG) • Member, Advisory Board and University Priority Centre – Advanced Particle Processing, University of Newcastle • Member, Overseas Expert Advisory Board – Science and Technology, Chinese State Government • Chair, Technical Advisory Committee, Baosteel – Australian Joint Research & Development Centre • Honorary President, Federation of Chinese Scholars in Australia (FOCSA) • Panel Member, International Science Linkages (ISL) Program, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (DIISR, Australia) • Panel Member, Endeavour Awards Selection Panel, Department of Education, Employment & Workplace Relations, Australia • Committee member, Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, NSW Division • Chair, Organizing Committees: 4th International Conference on Multiscale Structures in Process Engineering, Beijing, China, 2628 Sept. 2012

Annual Report

49


Staff Editorial Activities Sri Bandyopadhyay • Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Energy Engineering • Editorial Board, Structural Health Monitoring Sammy Chan • Co-editor, Materials Chemistry and Physics Michael Ferry • Board of Review, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A • ARC OZ Reader of Discovery/Linkage Grant applications • Reviewer, ANSTO neutron diffraction & Australian Synchrotron beam-line grant applications Mark Hoffman • Associate Editor of Journal of the American Ceramic Society • Editorial Board, Functional Materials Letters • Editorial Board, Key Engineering Materials Sean Li • Guest Editor, Journal of Electronic Materials • Guest Editor, Key Engineering Materials Paul Munroe • Associate Editor, Materials Characterization • Editorial Board, Microscopy Research and Technique • Editorial Board, Research Letters in Materials Science • Editorial Board, Journal of Materials Sciences and Engineering • Editorial Board, Advances in Materials Science Oleg Ostrovski • Editorial Board, High Temperature Materials and Processes, • Editorial Board, Electrometallurgy Chris Sorrell Editorial Board Member, International Materials Physics Journal • Editorial Board Member, Microscopy Research • Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Advances in Ceramic Science and Engineering • Editorial Board Member, Korean Journal of Materials Research • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Modern Transportation • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Electronic Science and Technology (International) • Editorial Board Member, Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering • Editorial Board Member, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering • Editorial Board Member, Research Letters in Materials Science • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Biomimetics, Bioinformation, and Biocomputing • Editor, Materials for Energy Conversion Devices (Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge) • Advisory Board Member, Metals and Materials International • Editorial Board Member, Materials Science Foundations • Editor, Electrical Properties of Oxide Materials (Trans Tech, Zurich, 1997) Owen Standard • Editor, Journal of the Australasian Ceramic Society, 2006–2012

50

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Nagarajan Valanoor • Associate Editor, Transactions of the Ferroelectrics Frequency Control Society • Principal Editor, MRS Communications

IEEE

Ultrasonics

Danyang Wang • Co-Editor of special issue in Key Engineering Materials for Electroceramics Jiabao Yi • Editorial board member: Internatioal Journal of Advanced in Materials Science and Engineering (IJAMSE), 2012. • Guest Reviewer (review committee member) of Journal of Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2011David Young • Editorial Board, • Editorial Board, • Editorial Board, • Editorial Board, • Editorial Board,

Corrosion and Materials J Corrosion Science & Technology J Phase Equilibrium Oxidation of Metals Materials Science Forum

Aibing Yu • Associate Editor, Chinese Science Bulletin, Springer • Member of Editorial Board, Particuology, Elsevier • Member of Editorial Board, Science in China – B: Chemistry, Springer • Member of Editorial Board, 4 journals published by Bentham Science Publisher: Recent Patents on Engineering, Recent Patents on Nanotechnology, Recent Patents on Chemical Engineering, and Recent Patents on Materials Science • Member of Editorial Board, Powder Technology, Elsevier • Member of Editorial Board, International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation (IJESMS), Interscience Publishers • Member of Editorial Board, Granular Matter, Springer • Thematic Editor, Particuology, Elsevier • Member of Editorial Board, Chinese Journal of Rare Metals, Nonferrous Metals Society of China • Member of Advisory Board, ISIJ International, The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan • Member of Advisory Board, ISRN Chemical Engineering • Member of Editorial Board, Journal of Material Science and Engineering, OMICS Publishing Group

Annual Report

51


Presentation to External Bodies Alan Crosky

Conferences • Crosky, A., Smith, B., Elias, E., Chen, H., Craig, P., Hagen P., Saydam, S., Hebblewhite B., “Stress corrosion cracking failure of rockbolts in underground mines in Australia”, Seventh International Conference on Rockbolting and Rock Mechanics in Mining, Aachen, Germany, May 2012. (invited plenary paper). • Crosky, A. Kelly, D., Pearce, G., & Lim, S., (2012), “Damage Development Ahead of Arrested Cracks in a Strain Gradient in Unidirectional Fibre Reinforced Plastic Composites”, International Conference on Mechanics of Nano, Micro and Macro Composite Structures, Torino, Italy, June 2012. • Vandermaat, D, Elias, E., Tang , Z., Craig, P., Crosky, A., Saydam, S., Hagan, P., Hebblewhite, B. (2012) “Coupon testing as a way of assessing stress corrosion cracking in the mining environment”. International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, Morgantown, WV, USA, 31 July-2 August 2012 • Kusmoko A., Crosky, A., “A study of wear behaviour of induction hardened 4140 and carburised 8617H steels on 1040 steel”, 15th International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies (AMPT 2012), University of Wollongong, Australia, 23-26 September 2012. • Lin, A., Pelletier, M., Crosky, A., Walsh, W., “Effects of Surface Treatments on Titanium-Cement Implant Bonding”, 25th Annual Congress of the International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty, ISTA 2012, Sydney 2012. Other Presentations • Crosky A, Online learning, Yuyan Ze University Faculty Development Program, UNSW August 2012 Workshops • Facilitator, Large class teaching workshop, Foundations in Undergraduate Learning and Teaching, UNSW, November 2012.

John Daniels • •

J.E. Daniels, W. Jo, and W. Donner,"Field-dependent atomic and nano-scale structures in (1-x)(Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3) – (x)(BaTiO3) single crystals", Asian Meeting on Electroceramics, Penang, Malaysia, July (2012) “High-energy x-ray scattering investigations of the structural origins of relaxor behavior in BNT-(x)BT single crystals”, International Workshop on Relaxor Ferroelectrics, Edesheim, Germany, 7-11 October (2012)

Sean Li • •

S. Li, “Nanocapacitors of Self-Assembled Oxide Nanocubes for Energy Efficient Memory Devices”, Advances in Functional Nanomaterials for Energy and Environmental Applications”, Sydney, Australia, 15th – 16th November 2012. S. Li, “Defect Engineering of High Performance Thermoelectric Materials”, Asia Meeting on Electroceramics, Penang, Malaysia, 1st – 5th July 2012.

Paul Munroe • •

“3D Tomography Using Focused Ion Beam Microscopy “ Asia Pacific Congress for Microscopy and Microanalysis, Perth, February 2012. (Invited) “Effects of Environment on wear behaviour of a Fe30Ni20Mn35Al15 alloy” Asia Pacific Congress for Microscopy and Microanalysis, Perth, February 2012. (Invited)

Oleg Ostrovski • • •

52

O. Ostrovski and D. K. Belashchenko, Thermophysical Properties and Structure of Liquid Fe-C Alloys, 5th International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmaking 2012, ICS2012, Dresden, 1-3 October 2012 (Invited). O. Ostrovski and D. Swinbourne, Slags in Production of Manganese Alloys, IX International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts (MOLTEN12), Beijing, 27-30 May 2012 (Invited). J Yang, G. Zhang, O. Ostrovski and S. Jahanshahi, Changes in an Australian Laterite Ore in the Process of Heat Treatment, Nickel Processing 2012, Cape Town, South Africa, 13-15 November 2012

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Veena Sahajwalla

Keynote Addresses/Speaking Engagements • Roundtable participant with the Australian High Commissioner to India, December 2012 • Keynote Address: ACMSM22 conference, December 2012 • Keynote Address: UNEP conference on Global Partnership on Waste Management (GPWM), Osaka, November 2012 • Invited speaker: Chancellor and Vice Chancellor, Town and Gown, UNSW, October 2012 • Speaker: Australian International Education Conference on International Education in the Asian Century, October 2012 • Keynote Address: Living Smart Glossies Awards, Sunshine Coast Sustainability Awards, June 2012 • Speaker: ASTE: Extreme Science Experience, June 2012 • Keynote Address: The Australian Executive Women's Leadership Symposium, May 2012 • Plenary Lecturer: CSIRO Intelligent Processing Symposium, May 2012 • Invited Speaker: Australia-China Forum for Advanced High Strength Steels, Deakin University, April 2012 • Australian Department of Foreign and Trade Diplomacy Tour of China and India - promoting a science and technology front to China and India, 4-19 February 2012 Community Engagement • ASTE: Extreme Science Experience, June 2012 • Board member, NSW Australia Day Council • Commissioner, Australian Federal Government Climate Commission • Advisory Board member – ISIJ International Journal • Panel member, CSIRO – CPSE Science Review

Chris Sorrell • •

“Ceramics Research at UNSW”, Visiting Indian Delegation, School of Materials Science and Engineering, UNSW “Edgar Chahine and the Etching Revival”, Charles Hewitt Gallery, 335 South Dowling Street, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010

Runyu Yang • • •

Modelling of Dispersion of Dry Powders in Pharmaceutical Aerosol Inhalers, 7th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Mass Transfer and Energy Conversion, 26-30 October 2012, Xi’an, China (invited talk) Numerical study of aerosolisation of carrier based dry powder inhalation systems, The 5th Asian Particle Technology Symposium (APT 2012), 2 – 5 July 2012 Singapore (invited talk) Computational Fluid Dynamic Modelling of Powder Flow in Cascade Impactors, The 5th Asian Particle Technology Symposium (APT 2012), 2 – 5 July 2012 Singapore (poster presentation)

Jiabao Yi • •

“Some issues in the research of oxide magnetic semiconductors”, “World Wide Network-Spin Conference, Sydney,23-25th, July, 2012 (invited talk). “Ferromagnetism in Teflon”, 5th International Symposium on Functional Materials”, 17-20th, December, 2012.

Aibing Yu • • • • • •

Keynote speaker: “Modelling and Simulation of blast Furnace iron-making”, 4th High Temperature Processing Symposium (Melbourne, Australia, 6-7 Feb 2012) Plenary speaker: “Recent developments in discrete element modeling of particulate systems”, International Symposium on Discrete Element Modelling of Particulate Media (Birmingham, UK, 29-30 March 2012) Keynote Speaker: “Small particles, big science: a personal perspective”, 5th Asian Particle Technology Symposium (Singapore, 2-5 July, 2012). Keynote Speaker: “Multiscale Modelling of Grinding Processes”, 4th International Conference on Multiscale Modelling in Process Engineering (Beijing, China, 26-28 Sept. 2012) Plenary Speaker: “Some challenging problems in discrete element modeling of particulate systems”, Conference on Computational Mechanics of Granular Materials (Zhangjiajie, China, 16-18 Sept. 2012) Plenary Speaker: “Particle scale study of fluid flow and heat transfer in fluidisation”, 18th International Drying Symposium (Xiamen, China, 11-15 Nov. 2012).

Annual Report

53


54

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Part Three

The Student Experience

“Four years ago, I was determined to study Undergraduate Materials at UNSW. Four years later, this has proven to be the best decision I have ever made� - Amanda Wang Final Year Materials Science Student Annual Report

55


BE Program Outlines BE (Materials Science & Engineering)

BE (Materials Science & Engineering)/ B Commerce

Year 1 Course Code

Course Name

MATH1131 or MATH1141

Mathematics 1A Higher Mathematics 1A

UoC 6 6

Session 1,2 1,2

MATH1231 or MATH1241

Mathematics 1B Higher Mathematics 1B

6 6

2, S 2

PHYS1121 or PHYS1131

Physics 1A Higher Physics 1A

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1811 or COMP1911

Computing for Engineers Computing 1

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1000

Introduction to Engineering Design and Innovation

6

1,2

plus

Stage One Electives

18

Year 2 Course Code

Course Name

MATS1192 * Required

Design and Application of Materials in Sceince and Engineering

UoC 6

Session

CVEN1300 MMAN1300 *Recommended

Engineering Mechanics Engineering Mechanics

6 6

S,1,2 1,2

CHEM1011 CHEM1031 *Recommended

Chemistry A: Atoms, Molecules and Energy Higher Chemistry A: Atoms, Molecules and Energy

6

1,2

6

1

2

Course Name

MATH2019

Engineering Mathematics 2E

MATS2001

Physical Properties of Materials

Course Code

Course Name

MATH1131 or MATH1141

Mathematics 1A Higher Mathematics 1A

UoC 6 6

Session 1,2 1,2

MATH1231 or MATH1241

Mathematics 1B Higher Mathematics 1B

6 6

2, S 2

PHYS1121 or PHYS1131

Physics 1A Higher Physics 1A

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1811 or COMP1911

Computing for Engineers Computing 1

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1000

Introduction to Engineering Design and Innovation

6

1,2

plus

Stage One Electives (as per 3135)

18

Year 2 Course Code

Course Name

UoC

Session

MATH2019

Engineering Mathematics 2E

6

1

MATS2001

Physical properties of materials

6

1

MATS2008

Thermodynamics and phase equilibria

6

1

Commerce Courses

6

1

Commerce Courses

24

2

Course Name

UoC

Session

Year 3

Year 3 Course Code

Year 1

UoC 6 6

Session

Course Code

Commerce Courses

24

1

1

MATS2004

Mechanical behaviour of materials

6

2

Introduction to fluid flow and heat transfer

6

2

1

MATS2008

Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria

6

1

MATS2005

MATS2003

Materials Characterisation

6

1

MATS2006

Diffusion and kinetics

6

2

MATS2007

Design and application of materials in science and engineering 2

6

2

MATS2004

Mechanical Behaviour of Materials

6

2

MATS2005

Introduction to Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer

6

2

MATS2006

Diffusion and Kinetics

6

2

Course Code

Course Name

2

MATH2089

Numerical methods and statistics

6

1

MATS3001

Micromechanisms of mechanical behaviour of metals

6

1

MATS3002

Fundamentals of ceramic processing

6

1

MATS2003

Materials Characterisation

6

1

Commerce Courses

12

2

MATS3006

Design Application of Materials in Sci & Eng 3

6

2

MATS3007

Materials Industry Management

6

S

MATS2007

Design and Application of Materials in Science and Engineering 2

6

Year 4 Course Code

Course Name

UoC

Session

MATH2089

Numerical Methods and Statistics

6

1 or 2

MATS3001

Micromechanisms of Mechanical Behaviour of Metals

6

1

MATS3002

Fundamentals of Ceramic Processing

6

1

MATS3004

Polymer Science & Engineering 1

6

2

MATS3006

Design and Application of Materials in Science and Engineering 3

6

2

MATS3007

Materials Industry Management

6

2

General Education

6

1 or 2

Professional Elective

6

1 or 2

Year 4

Course Name

UoC

Session

MATS4009

Materials Engineering Project

18

1 and 2

Professional Electives

24

1 and 2

General Education

6

1 or 2

Materials Engineering Project

24

1 and 2

Professional Electives

18

1 and 2

General Education

6

1 or 2

Or MATS4010

56

School of Materials Science and Engineering

Session

Year 5 Course Code

Course Name

MATS4009 or MATS4010 MATS3004

Year 5 Course Code

UoC

MATS4009 or MATS4010

UoC

Session

Materials Engineering Project Materials Engineering Project

9 12

1 and 2

Polymer Science & Engineering

6

1

Commerce Courses

6

1

Materials Engineering Project Materials Engineering Project

9 12

1 and 2

Professional Electives

6

2

Commerce Courses

12

2

Year 6 Course Code

Course Name

UoC

Session

Professional Electives

6

1

Commerce Courses

18

1


BE (Materials Science & Engineering)/ BE (Chemical Engineering)

BE (Materials Science & Engineering)/ MBiomed Year 1

Year 1 Course Code

Course Name

UOC

Session

Course Code

Course Name Mathematics 1A Higher Mathematics 1A

UOC 6 6

Session 1,2 1,2

MATH1131 or MATH1141

Mathematics 1A Higher Mathematics 1A

6 6

1,2 1,2

MATH1131 or MATH1141

MATH1231 or MATH1241

Mathematics 1B Higher Mathematics 1B

6 6

2, S 2

MATH1231 or MATH1241

Mathematics 1B Higher Mathematics 1B

6 6

2, S 2

PHYS1121 or PHYS1131

Physics 1A Higher Physics 1A

6 6

1,2 1,2

PHYS1121 or PHYS1131

Physics 1A Higher Physics 1A

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1811 or COMP1911

Computing for Engineers Computing 1

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1811 or COMP1911

Computing for Engineers Computing 1

6 6

1,2 1,2

ENGG1000

Introduction to Engineering Design and Innovation

6

1,2

ENGG1000

Introduction to Engineering Design and Innovation

6

1,2

MATS1101

Engineering Materials and Chemistry

6

1,2

plus

Stage One Electives (as per 3135)

18

CEIC1001

Engineering Chemistry

6

S,2

plus

Stage One Electives

6

1,2

Year 2 Course Code

Course Name

MATH2019

Year 2 Course Code

Course Name

MATH2019

Engineering Mathematics 2E

UoC 6

Session 1

UOC

Session

BIOM1010

Engineering in Medicine

6

2

Engineering Mathematics 2E

6

1

MATS2001

Physical properties of materials

6

1

MATH2089

Numerical Methods & Statistics

6

2

MATS2008

Thermodynamics and phase equilibria

6

1

MATS2001

Physical Properties of Materials

6

1

MATS2003

Materials characterisation

6

1

MATS2004

Mechanical Behaviour of Materials

6

2

MATS2004

Mechanical behaviour of materials

6

2

MATS2006

Diffusion and Kinetics

6

2

MATS2005

6

2

CEIC2000

Material and Energy Systems

6

1

Introduction to fluid flow and heat transfer

CEIC2001

Fluid and Particle Mechanics

6

1

MATS2006

Diffusion and kinetics

6

2

CEIC2002

Heat and Mass Transfer

6

2

UoC

Session

Year 3

Year 3 Session

Course Name

BIOM9420

Clinical Laboratory Science

6

2

MATH2089

Numerical Methods & Statistics

6

1,2

MATS3001

Mechanical Behaviour in Metals

6

1

MATS3002

Fundamentals in Ceramic Processing

6

1

MATS3004

Polymer Science and Engineering 1

6

2

MATS3006

Course Code

Course Name

CEIC3000

Process Modelling and Analysis

6

1

CEIC3001

Advanced Thermo and Seperation

6

1

CEIC3002

Experimental Practice

6

2

CEIC3003

Chemical Engineering Laboratory

6

1

2

Process Equipment Design

6

2

Design App of Materials in Science and Engineering

6

CEIC3004 CEIC3005

Process Plant Design

6

2

Professional Electives

6

1,2

General Education

6

1,2

CEIC3006

UOC

Course Code

Process Dynamics and Control

6

2

Materials Science Professional Elective

6

1

Year 4 Course Code

Course Name

CEIC4000

Environment and Sustainability

6

1, 2

CEIC4001

Process Design Project

6

1

MATS5001 or CEIC4002

Thesis A Thesis A

6 6

1 1

MATS5002 or CEIC4003

Thesis B Thesis B

6 6

2 2

MATS5003 CEICXXXX

Advanced Thesis B or Advanced Thesis B

6 6

TBA

Materials Science Professional Elective

6

1,2

Year 5

UOC

UOC

Session

Session

Year 4 Course Code

Course Name

UoC

Session

ANAT2511

Fundamentals of Anatomy

6

1

PHSL2121

Principles of Physiology

6

1

PHSL2221 or BIOMXXXX

Principles of Physiology B or Biomedical Engineering Elective

6 6

2 2

Professional Electives

18

-

Materials Engineering Project Thesis Part A Elec, Tele, Mats Thesis Part A Elec, Tele, Mats

12 6 6

1 and 2 1 2

MATS4008 or BIOM5910 and BIOM5911

Year 5 Course Code

Course Name

UoC

Session

BIOM9332

Biocompatibility

6

1

Course Code

Course Name

BIOM9410

Regulatory Req. of Biom Tech

6

2

MATS2003

Materials Characterisation

6

1

MATS3007

Materials Industry Management

6

2

MATS3001

Micromechanisms of mechanical behaviour of metals

6

1

BIOM9914

Masters Project

12

1 and 2

MATS3002

Fundamentals of ceramic processing

6

1

Biomedical Engineering Electives

18

1,2

MATS3004

Polymer Science & Engineering

6

1

MATS3006

Design Application of Materials in Sci & Eng 3

6

2

MATS3007

Materials Industry Management

6

2

Materials Science Professional Electives

6

2

General Education

6

2

Annual Report

57


Undergraduate Studies The main objective of our undergraduate program is to produce graduates who will be recognised as the best suited and most appropriately trained to contribute to the institutions and industries of Australia. For many years, the demand for graduates has well and truly exceeded the number the School produces. However, a significant recruitment effort is ensuring that there is a pipeline of high quality students who will graduate in the years to come.

Teaching Programs The major undergraduate programs taught by the School are: BE Bachelor of Engineering (Materials Eng., Ceramic Eng., Physical Metallurgy or Process Metallurgy) – Program 3135 BE/MBiomedE Bachelor of Engineering (Materials Eng., Ceramic Eng., Physical Metallurgy or Process Metallurgy) and Master of Biomedical Engineering combined program (Program 3138) BE/BCom Bachelor of Engineering (Materials Eng., Ceramic Eng., Physical Metallurgy or Process Metallurgy) and Bachelor of Commerce combined program (Program 3136) BE/BE Bachelor of Engineering (Materials Eng., Ceramic Eng., Physical Metallurgy or Process Metallurgy) and Bachelor of Engineering (Chemical Eng.) combined program (Program 3970) Student enrolment numbers in these programs are summarised in the table below. The School offers a major in Materials Science in the University's general Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree (Program 3970) and is also a major contributor to the Bachelor of Science – Nanotechnology degree (Program 3617).

2012 Program Enrolments by Stages Program

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Total

BE

47

27

29

13

116

BE/MBiomed

27

21

12

11

71

BE/BCom

7

3

2

3

15

BE/BE

7

-

-

-

7

Total

88

51

43

27

209

The BE program (3135) has four study plans in the degree: Materials Engineering, Ceramic Engineering, Physical Metallurgy and Process Metallurgy. Students declare their preference at the end of Stage 2. These study plans give the students the opportunity to specialise in the specific disciplines. This is reflected in the final year enrolment distribution:

2012 BE Final Year Enrolments by Study Plan Ceramic Engineering

3

Materials Engineering

15

Physical Metallurgy

-

Process Metallurgy

4

Total

22

New Enrolments The intake of students over the past 12 years is shown in the graph over the page. The number of students enrolling in School programs, particularly the combined BE/MBiomedE and BE/BCom programs, has increased steadily. Also shown is enrolment in the coursework masters MScTech program which has grown significantly in previous years. Entry into the BE programs is generic and students declare their major at the end of Stage 2. Process Metallurgy and Ceramic Engineering attract only small numbers of students though they are heavily influenced by the availability of scholarships. There is, however, an increasing drive for graduates who can perform strongly in a variety of environments, which drives a need for strong generic materials engineering that can support workplace learning. The BE/MBiomed program continues to attract a steady number of high quality students. In 2011, the School also introduced a new 5-year double-degree of BE (Materials)/ BE(Chemical) and 2012 saw its first intake of students.

58

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Student quality continued to improve in 2011, with an average ATAR entry of 91.24 compared with 86.3 in 2007. This is driven in large part by a significant investment in scholarships, by both industry and the School, and a strong marketing and recruitment activity in the School. First year retention rates are complex to understand. While approximately 20% of students leave the program between 1st and 2nd year, a similar number of students are attracted to the program. However, the School continues to have the largest undergraduate program in the discipline nationwide by far. The School’s undergraduate teaching load is predominantly to domestic students. However, there is a steady and consistent increase in international students, particularly into the BE(Materials) and BSc(Nanotechnology) programs. Undergraduate teaching load includes both students studying towards a degree in Materials and students in other study programs who choose to take materials courses. Approximately, 40% of the School’s teaching load is external to its own programs. Data of the total undergraduate teaching load over the last 8 years is shown in the table below. The data shows a steady increase in the number of students the School teaches.

Undergraduate Teaching Load (EFTSU): 2005 Local International Total

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

105.3

99.72

98.72

101.7

103.2

97.02

109.1

121.0

17.4

17.47

20.70

23.95

32.73

37.45

53.54

58.0

122.7

117.3

119.4

125.6

135.9

134.5

162.6

179.0

Dr Owen Standard Undergraduate Program Coordinator

Annual Report

59


Scholarship Programs The School operates a comprehensive suite of scholarship programs for attracting and supporting highachieving, motivated students into its materials science and engineering undergraduate degrees. In addition to providing financial support to students, the scholarship program gives students valuable opportunities to work in the Australian materials industry as well as the chance to apply and reinforce knowledge and skills learnt in undergraduate classes. The scholarship programs are: Co-op Scholarship Program: The Co-op Scholarship program provides students with a scholarship of ~$16,000 p.a. and 68 weeks industrial training throughout the BE degree. In 2012, there were 6 Co-op scholarships funded by 6 industrial sponsors. (Refer to the separate Co-op Program report.) Industry Partnership Scholarship Program: The Industry Partnership Scholarship program provides students with $3000 p.a and the opportunity for industrial training with sponsors during summer vacation periods. In 2012, there were 12 sponsors providing over $32,000 p.a. to the School for 12 industry partnership scholarships. School Scholarship Program: The School has two perpetual scholarships established through benefactory funding from Sir Rupert Myers and the Thomson Family. The Sir Rupert Myers Scholarship commences once every 2 years at a stipend of $2,500 p.a. and is available to all students in the BE degree. The Thomson Family Scholarship commences once every 4 years at a stipend of $2,000 p.a. for students undertaking the Ceramic Engineering academic specialisation. The School also offers a number of School scholarships valued at $1,500-$2,000 depending on academic ability. Sponsors and the Scholarships awarded over the past 5 years are summarised in Table 1. Scholars are selected on the basis of written application and formal interview by panels consisting of Sponsor representatives and School academics. The Scholarships are awarded on the basis of academic performance, relevant materials experience, and interest in the discipline. All Scholars are required to maintain satisfactory academic progress throughout their academic studies and Scholar performance is reviewed at the completion of every semester. The scholarship programs provide an important contribution to education of the School's undergraduate students and comprise an important facet of the School's strong partnership with industry. The School takes this opportunity to thank its many industrial sponsors for their generous and continued support. Scholarship Committee Veena Sahajwalla (Chair, and Coordinator of Industry Partner Scholarships) Owen Standard (Coordinator of Co-op Scholarships)

Sri Bandyopadhyay Juanita Vargas Lucy Zhang

Table 1: Summary of Scholarships Intake Year

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

BE

92

92

97

114

121

BE/MBiomedE

23

29

45

67

71

BE/BComm

2

5

12

12

15

BE/BE

-

-

-

1

7

Co-op Scholars

2

3

0

3

6

Industrial Partnership Scholars

8

5

6

6

2

Sir Rupert Myers Scholars

1

0

0

0

1

Thomson Family Scholars

–

1

0

0

0

School Scholars

7

14

12

23

44

% Scholarship Holders

6

11

7

12

21

Number of Students

Sponsors

60

Alcoa Australia, Anglo Coal, ANSTO, Austral Bricks, Australia & New Zealand Steel Manufacturing Businesses (ANZSMB), Bluescope Steel Research, Boral Bricks, Bureau Veritas, Cochlear, CSIRO, Gujarat Coal, Hitachi, LaserBond, OneSteel Ltd, Parex Davco, Rio Tinto Aluminium, Shinagawa Refractories Australasia P/L, TEMCO, Weir Minerals.

Gustad Irani Second Year Materials Science/Chemical Engineering Student

School of Materials Science and Engineering


"Studying Materials at UNSW has been the most exiting few years of my life. It’s about being part of a community of friends that make university life more exciting and the lecturers’ genuine interest in the subjects inspires me to learn much more than what is required for the final exams." Gustad Irani Second Year Materials Science/Chemical Engineering Student

Annual Report

61


Industrial Training Placement Experience - Amanda Wang Biofouling is the unwanted adhesion of microbes on a surface. The Innovation Campus of the University of Wollongong and BlueScope Steel in Port Kembla collaborated to sponsor three university students to investigate the antifouling properties of a combination of polymeric colloidal dispersions with various surfactants. This research was separated into three inter-related projects. Under the supervision of Dr. Michael Higgins, my project utilised the atomic force microscope (AFM) to quantify nano-scale forces of attraction and adhesion by using functionalised hydrophilic and hydrophobic cantilevers. This aims to investigate the antifouling properties of the polymeric surfaces and relate results to their characterised surfaces. Throughout this 10 week program, I was exposed to a variety of large equipment, experimental procedures and seminars. The sponsored students were given multiple opportunities to develop presentation skills by preparing monthly progress reports and giving presentations to BlueScope Steel, as well as to academic gatherings at the Innovation Campus. I was fortunate enough to attend the 8th Annual Electromaterials Symposium, held on the Innovation Campus. Academics from across the globe met to present and share findings from their respective fields of expertise, expanding my curiosity in research being conducted in various countries. In addition to this, I was able to enter the Valentines’ Day themed poster competition, which both consolidated my understanding of the project findings, and developed useful skills in effectively conveying information in a condensed form. Industrial training over the summer of 2012-2013 has definitely sparked my interest for research. I was able to practise theory that was gained throughout the course of my undergraduate degree as well as learn to troubleshoot problems and analyse results in preparation for reports and presentations. At the conclusion of this research program, I was thrilled when my mentor informed me that the findings made from the three inter-related projects would be published and we would be recognised for this. My future career seems bright regardless of industry, as interpersonal and time management skills developed throughout this experience are applicable to all fields of expertise. My rÊsumÊ now has an additional shining sticker added to it.

Presentation Competition The Undergraduate Industrial Training Presentation evening was a great success in that it showcased our students' industrial training experiences to great effect. The quality of the posters and the 1 minute presentations was high and all students were commended for their efforts. It was particularly pleasing to see the enjoyment of everyone involved and the obvious "buzz" around the room. The industry representatives were impressed by the professionalism of the work and reiterated their support for the School's industrial training program. Congratulations to the winners: Claire Dwyer (1st prize), Thomas Sinclair (2nd prize), and Supphatuch Ukritnukun (3rd prize). Thank you also to the judges. In recognition of the high standard and effort put in by all students, Prof. Sri Bandyopadhyay kindly donated $20 UNSW Bookshop vouchers to each student. Giehard Nebre's presentation reflecting on his industrial training cadetship experiences (as far afield as Chile) rounded off the evening nicely.The function is part of the School's revised industrial training requirements and

62

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Annual Report

63


Co-Op Program The Co-op Program is a scholarship program run with the cooperation of the University of NSW and industry to provide scholarships and industrial training for undergraduate students in various degree programs. In the School of Materials Science and Engineering, scholarships are provided by sponsors in each of the 4 academic specialisations of Ceramic Engineering, Materials Engineering, Physical Metallurgy, and Process Metallurgy. The Co-op Program is a highly visible and very effective means to attract high-quality students into our discipline. The first Co-op scholarships in Materials Science and Engineering commenced in 1989 and the success of the Coop Program in delivering benefits to scholars and sponsors in Materials Science and Engineering is demonstrated by the strong and consistent support of the Program by industry: there have been a total of 125 scholarships from 30 different industrial sponsors since 1989. Co-op graduates are highly sought by industry and those students entering the materials industry via the Co-op program usually rise to positions of leadership and management. The Co-op Program attracts the academically strongest students (typically, ATARs are greater than 99.0) who, importantly, also have good leadership, teamwork, and communication skills. For students in Materials Science and Engineering, each scholarship provides ~$16,000 per annum for 5 years, 68 weeks of structured and highly relevant industrial training with up to 4 sponsor companies, the opportunity to experience typical graduate employment, and close access to potential employers. The Program provides industrial sponsors with highly motivated, capable students to complete important and valuable industrial work. It also provides sponsors the opportunity to have direct involvement in the education and development of our School’s students, from whom they can potentially recruit their future managers and leaders. A total of 6 scholarships (Table 1) were provided by 6 industrial sponsors in 2012 (Table 2). This represents an investment by industry of approximately $100,000 for the year. Unfortunately, no new scholarships were established in 2012 and this was attributed to the continued economic downturn in the Australian manufacturing industry. One new scholarship was obtained in late 2012 for commencement in 2013. Table 1: Co-op Program in Materials Science and Engineering – 2008 to 2012 Cohort Statistics Intake Year

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

4

3 (IT)

3

2

1

Ceramic Engineering

1

0

0

0

1

Materials Engineering

Current Year of Degree

Total

Number of Scholars 2*

1

0

2

0

5

Physical Metallurgy

1

0

0

0

1

Process Metallurgy

0

1

0

1

Total

2*

3

0

3

0

6

Number of Sponsors

2*

3

0

3

0

* Position vacated and unable to be filled – Scholarship terminated. Table 2: Co-op Program in Materials Science and Engineering – Current Sponsors (2008-2012) Alcoa Australia

Rio Tinto Alcan

TEMCO

Bluescope Steel Research

Shinagawa Refractories Australasia P/L

Australia & New Zealand Steel Manufacturing Businesses (ANZSMB)

Scholars completed the following industrial training (IT) placements during the year: IT1 (10 weeks) by students at the end of their first year; IT2 (10 weeks) by students at the end of their second year; and IT3 (24 weeks) and IT4 (24 weeks) by students midway through their third year of study. Each IT placement was reviewed by the Academic Coordinator in the form of an interview with the scholar and sponsor representative(s). The scholar and sponsor also provided written appraisals of the placement. Each scholar gave a short presentation to industry sponsors and fellow Co-op students summarising their IT work and, importantly, the technical and professional benefit they obtained from the placement. Judging from the placement interviews, written appraisals and presentations, all placements were completed successfully and fulfilled the philosophy and objectives of the Co-op Program – for both scholars and sponsors. Industry sponsors indicated the significant quality and value of work completed by the scholars during their placements. The commitment of scholars and sponsors to the IT placements is fundamental to the success of the Co-op Program. The School thanks the sponsors for the effort they put into organising the placements as well as their training, guidance and support of scholars during the placements.

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School of Materials Science and Engineering


Co-op activities for the year included: welcoming function and induction ceremony for first year Co-op scholars, first year leadership camp and Co-op Working Party meeting combined with IT presentations. The Co-op program appreciates the time and effort given by Sponsors to attend Co-op functions. The academic performance of Co-op scholars in 2012 was high and significantly above that of other students, as in previous years. All scholars met the academic requirements for continuation in the Co-op Program. The online career manager system introduced by the Co-op Office in 2011 continued to be developed in 2012. This system provides a portal for scholars to maintain their current contact details, résumé (it includes a useful résumé builder), IT placement details, etc. It also provides for electronic lodgement of IT placement review forms by scholars and sponsors, as well as holding these forms as a record of placements. The career manager will be available for Scholars after they leave University as a career development tool. The School thanks all of its Co-op sponsors for their continued generous support. Owen Standard Academic Coordinator Co-op Program in Materials Science and Engineering

“At undergraduate level, your mind is opened to the vast applicability of the Materials Science degree: from consumer products to structural, energy, medical, national security and environmentally attractive applications. Materials are everywhere, and so are materials scientists because someone needs to make them.” Zain Zaidi Final Year Materials Science Student Annual Report

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Undergraduate School Prizes Hugh Muir Prize For the best performance by a student in the final year seminar class or who, in the opinion of the Head of School, has contributed most to the corporate life of the School of Materials Science & Engineering.

ANSTO Prize

Recipient: Supphatuch Ukritnukun

For the best performance in NANO2002 Nanotechnology 2 in the Bachelor of Science in Nanotechnology program. Recipient: Alexandra Ariawan

Max Hatherly Prize For the best performance in Crystallography and x-ray diffraction components of MATS2003.

Wallarah Minerals Prize For the best performance in an honours thesis in the Bachelor of Engineering in Ceramic Engineering program. Joint recipients: Elizabeth Fell and Supphatuch Ukritnukun

66

School of Materials Science and Engineering

Recipient: Christopher Hurt


Outbound Exchange Students Alan West

Holstein Wong

With the hard planning and all the days crossed off the calendar, the time had finally come to set off for exchange studies at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. Considering the University's high standing in Engineering and Innovation and not to mention Sweden's reputation for ready-toassemble furniture, this was the obvious choice for me.

In 2012, I spent Semester 2 studying at Swansea University in Wales. All the hype about exchange is true - going on exchange was one of the best decisions I’ve made during my university life and I highly recommend it to everyone.

After a quick tour of Europe featuring frog's legs in the French Riveria, Toga Parties in Greece and a casual Bungee Jump in the Swiss Alps, I made my way to the birthplace of ABBA and Skype and where supermodels are just so common they are forced to seek employment at 7/11's. The Uni organised Sauna parties and a Swedish dinner (featuring Swedish meatballs of course) which made for an easy transition, despite having to adjust to the wacky hours of daylight.

This was my first trip to the UK, and I had an amazing time despite not knowing a single person when I arrived in Wales. The Hendrefoelan Student Village, which houses about 2000 students, became my home for four months. My eight housemates were all international students too, so we had great fun learning how to pronounce place names that had no vowels (very important if you wanted to get on the right bus) and discovering the wonders of Wind Street (seemingly innocuous but pronounced “wine” for some reason).

Then it came down to the business end of things.

The university campus is situated beside the beautiful Singleton Park and faces right onto the beach. Wales has a bad reputation for being rainy and dismal, but when the sun comes out it is a stunning place.

The University had a strong philosophy for group projects and presentations which I found to be a very effective method of teaching.

The Gower Peninsula, bordering Swansea’s western suburbs, is designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and well worth a visit.

This philosophy also meant less contact hours, which provided me plenty of time to focus on my studies... and also to plan my weekend travels, which gave me the opportunity to taste authentic Belgian waffles, share a few beers at Munich’s Oktoberfest and to go snowmobiling in Swedish Lappland.

Once you cross the cattle grid you are literally in the wild country, where animals have right of way on the roads.

By experiencing so much different culture, making friends from all corners of the globe and playing in snow like a 4-year-old, this trip became so much more than a study exchange, but a complete life changer. It opened my eyes to the world outside the G10 computer room and has built life skills, which cannot be learned until one has pushed the boundaries of their comfort zone.

Swansea also has an interesting materials science history. The copper magnates of the 19th century made their money here along the banks of the River Tawe, and the process engineer Ludwig Mond established a plant in the suburb of Clydach where he pioneered the carbonyl method for extracting and purifying nickel. I was fortunate enough to meet a process technologist who took me on a site visit (and also introduced me to Welsh folk dancing for good measure). Although I enjoyed spending time in Wales, I couldn’t pass up the opportunity to travel around the region. I had a great time exploring Ireland during the Christmas holidays - the only downside was having to go back to uni afterwards for the final exams!

Annual Report

67


Graduating Class Undergraduate Programs

68

Kenrick Liu

UNSW Research Assistant

Yong Tae Jang

Weir Minerals

Roger Ong

Austral Bricks

Wei-Lien Sun

UNSW Masters (Research)

Li-Ting Tseng

UNSW Masters (Research)

Supphatuch Ukritnukun

UNSW (PhD)

Zhiqi Zhong ‘Ryan’

Unknown

Cyndhia Reddy

UNSW Masters (Research)

Shaun Davies

Bureau Veritas

Yanyu Zhou

UNSW (PhD)

Soo Hwang

Unknown

Giehard Nebre

Arrium

Thomas Sinclair

Unknown

Alexander Lin

Alpha Omega Parts and Services

Cathy Liu

Reserve Bank of Australia

Elodie Manouvrier

Unknown

Paresh Parmar

PhD (Imperial College London)

Jacob Todd

GHD Engineering

Samantha Li

Unknown

Andrew Nelson

Travelling

Patrick Conway

PhD UNSW

Imrana Kabir

PhD UNSW

Chung-Pei Lin

PhD UNSW

Guangjun Mu

Unknown

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Annual Report

69


“Studying Undergraduate Materials at UNSW has been an amazing opportunity fostered by caring and talented academics and staff. There is no doubt that the UNSW Materials cohort will grow more powerful academically and become key contributors to society and the workforce.� Charles Tweedie Final Year Materials Science Student 70

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Graduating Class Continued Masters Programs Liang Chang

Unknown

Luis Teh

Thiess Industrial

Huanyu Pan

Unknown

Ali Alzreedy

Unknown

Hui Tang

UNSW PhD

Ali Alamry

PhD UNSW

Ismail Sinan Atli

Unknown

Babak Bostan Bakhsh

Acuren Co (Canada)

Sagar Thakraj Cholake

PhD UNSW

Pengfei Li

Unknown

Chih Kane Lin

Unknown

Chun-Wei Wu

Innolux Corporation (Taiwan)

Xin Zhang

Unknown

Liuen Liang

PhD (Macquarie University)

Ru Wen

Chinese Academy of Science

Minghao Wang

Education Consulting Industrial

PhD Program Michael Lum

Weir Minerals

Steven McNeil

AG Research

Hugh Simons

Post Doc (Technical University Denmark)

George Tang

HelpingWing (Founder)

James Dankwah

University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana

Li Chen

Unknown

Nur Mohd Yunos

Senior Lecturer (University Malaysia Perlis)

Samantha Clinch

Ernst and Young

Yan Li

Unknown

Wen Xu

Xian University of Architecture and technology, China

Weifu Sun

UNSW

Qijun Zheng

UNSW

Alireza Hedayati

LMATS (Laboratory Materials Analysis Testing Services)

Kyung Eun Jee

Posco (Korea)

Zhaoyan Li

Thermo Fisher Scientific

Guo,Wei

Unknown

Lau,Kok Tee

Unknown

Sankara Sundaram

Post Doc (Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Xing Wang

Coal Industrial (Newcastle)

Liang Yu Yi

UNSW

Huaying Yin

Deakin University

Jeffrey Yui On Yue

University of London College

Annual Report

71


72

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Postgraduate Student Society 2012 was an exciting year for PGSOC, now in its third year since founding. PGSOC managed to hold another successful year of the School’s annual 5 minute Postgraduate Presentation Competition, won by Rama Vasudevan (now graduated). This year’s theme helped to raise the somewhat less glamourous (but no less valuable) aspect of research, with presenters focusing on issues they have encountered during their projects and the innovative and ingenious approaches used to tackle them. Helping young researchers understand that not everything will go to plan and utilizing leftfield approaches to tackle these situations is very beneficial to the school, and encourages healthy discussion about issues, which on occasion may be glossed over by students in more conventional research competitions and we are glad to have highlighted this. A number of smaller social initiatives have taken shape, with regular informal meetups and an increased level of correspondence with the postgraduate student cohort regarding issues and suggestions they have faced inside the school, leading to some simple but effective ways of improving the student spaces inside the university. In 2013, PGSOC are looking forward to hosting the Materials Science and Engineering Poster Symposium, as well as the 3rd year of the Presentation Competition, and increasing our social interactions with the student cohort with more official outings to bring together students in the school. I am also very happy to introduce three new members to the PGSOC Committee, with Lance Tang, Neil Lazo and Neamul Khansur bringing some fresh faces into the committee. I would also like to thank graduated members Alex Blagus and Sophia Wen for their contributions. We wish everyone all the best for the next year and hope it is a successful and productive one for our school’s research. Sincerely, Ronald Maran (PGSOC President)

PGSOC Executive Team Ronald Maran (President) Jacky Cao (Vice-President) Karl Shamlaye

Jun Yang Lance Tang Neil Lazo Sonia Huang

Annual Report

73


74

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Research

“Pursuing my Ph.D degree at MSE has provided a friendly, enjoyable and thought provoking environment between academics and students of all specialties every day.� - Ronald Maran PhD Student supervised by Professor Nagarajan Valanoor Annual Report

75


Michael Ferry’s Group

Paul Munroe’s Group

David Young and Jianqiang Zhang’s Group

76

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Chris Sorrell’s Group

Sammy Chan’s Group

John Daniels’ Group

Annual Report

77


Sean Li’s Group

Danyang Wang’s Group

Jiabao Yi’s Group

78

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Nagarajan Valanoor and Owen Standard’s Group

Mark Hoffman’s Group

Runyu Yang’s Group

Annual Report

79


Aibing Yu’s Group

Sri Bandyopadhyay’s Group

Veena Sahajwalla’s Group

80

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Zongyan Zhou’s Group

Oleg Ostrovski’s Group

Alan Crosky’s Group

Annual Report

81


Research Highlights

82

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Effect of Bias Voltage on the Microstructure and Properties of CrNbased Coatings Y. Lin, Z.H. Xie(a) and P.R. Munroe Understanding the changes in microstructure of CrN coatings under the influence of variations in processing conditions is critical to tailoring their mechanical properties for specific applications, such as, high-speed cutting tools. In this study the effects of pulsed substrate bias on both the microstructure and mechanical properties of CrN, without elevating the substrate temperature, was evaluated on coatings prepared by low frequency pulsed magnetron sputtering. High frequency pulsing bias results in a compact and dense chromium nitride coating, compared to coarse grained coating exhibiting a high density of voids in coatings prepared without the application of bias voltage (see Figure 1). The coatings prepared at a high bias voltage are also seen to be thinner, which implies a lower deposition rate. Moreover, as the bias voltage increases the structure changes from being single phase, CrN, to a two phase, CrN plus Cr2N, microstructure. This refinement in the microstructure yields a marked increase in both hardness and elastic modulus by ~342% and 92%, respectively. The fine and hard structure developed under a negative bias voltage of 80 V is also expected to possess a greater resistance against the flank and crater wear of coated cutting tools during machining operations. Increasing the bias voltage increases the energy of ion bombardment during the deposition process, which subsequently increases adatom mobility and hence results in a denser coating. Further increasing the energy of ion bombardment may generate point defects or lead to re-sputtering from the growing surface. It is nitrogen atoms that are preferentially sputtered from the growing surface due to their lighter mass, which results in a Cr-rich two phase chromium nitride film and a lower deposition rate.

Figure 1: Cross-sectional FIB secondary electron images of CrN thin film coatings prepared under bias voltages of a) 0V, b) 40V, c) 60V and d) 80V.

a) School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Adelaide.

Annual Report

83


Synthesis of Silicon Nitride Xiaohan Wan, Guangqing Zhang (University of Wollongong) and Oleg Ostrovski Silicon nitride is an advanced ceramic material; it has excellent high temperature properties: high strength and hardness, resistance to creep, oxidation, and thermal shock. This project studied synthesis of silicon nitride by carbothermal reduction/nitridation. Samples were prepared from silica-graphite mixtures in the form of pellets. Carbothermal reduction of silica was investigated in a fixed bed reactor at 1300-1650 째C in nitrogen at 1-11 atm pressure and in hydrogen-nitrogen mixtures at atmospheric pressure. The extent of reduction (xSiO2) of silica was defined as the fraction of oxygen removed from SiO2 by the reduction. The extent of nitridation, defined as Si3N4 yield (ySiN4), was calculated as the fraction of Si in the form of Si3N4. Similarly, the extent of carburisation, defined as SiC yield (ySiC ), was calculated as the fraction of Si in the form of SiC. Phase development in the process of carbothermal synthesis of silicon nitride is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Si distribution between SiO2, Si3N4, and SiC in fumed silica reduced in the 10 vol% H2-90 vol% N2 gas mixture at 1450 째C. Gas flow rate was 1 L/min; C/SiO2 molar ratio was 4.5.

Production of Si3N4 by carbothermal reduction/nitridation has a relatively narrow temperature interval: at high temperatures, SiC has higher thermodynamic stability than Si3N4; at low temperatures, reaction is too slow to be feasible. The highest yield of silicon nitride in reduction in nitrogen at 1 atm was obtained at 1450 oC. Increase in nitrogen pressure can increase silicon nitride stability at high temperatures with a positive effect on its synthesis. Table 1 shows the elemental composition, weight loss, extent of reduction and yield of silicon nitride and silicon carbide in reduction of silica in nitrogen at 11 atm pressure. The reduction rate of SiO2 increased with increasing temperature; the highest silicon nitride yield was obtained at 1600 oC. Table 1: Carbothermal synthesis of silicon nitride in nitrogen under pressure 11 atm

It was also established that hydrogen addition to nitrogen promotes the silica conversion rate; H2 can be directly involved into the reduction or/and by forming CH4 by reacting with C. The maximum Si3N4 to SiC ratio was obtained with addition of 10 vol% H2 at 1450 째C. Higher H2 addition led to lower N2 partial pressure with a negative effect on Si3N4 formation. Silicon nitride can be decomposed to silicon and nitrogen in an inert gas atmosphere and/or under reduced pressure at temperatures above 1600 oC. Synthesis of silicon nitride and its decomposition can be a promising technology for production of solar grade silicon. 84

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Preparation of Bismuth Ferrite (BiFeO3) Ferroelectric Thin Film by Sol-Gel Processing Peggy Zhang, Owen Standard and Nagarajan Valanoor Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) belongs to the class of multiferroic materials because it exhibits simultaneously ferroelectric, antiferromagnetic and piezoelectric properties. Furthermore, owing to its high ferroelectric Curie temperature (TC=820-850°C) and antiferromagnetic Neel temperature (TN=350-380°C), the multiferroic properties of bismuth ferrite are relatively stable thus making the material a promising candidate for applications in magnetic and ferroelectric devices. Commonly, such devices are in the form of thin films on substrates with the films being deposited by techniques such as chemical vapour deposition, pulsed-laser deposition, sputtering etc. However, such techniques are not amenable for commercial production owing to need for expensive, specialised equipment and the inability to coat large quantities of material. Sol-gel deposition by spin coating is a widely-used chemical deposition method for ceramic films and offers the following advantages over the other methods: low-temperature deposition, high compositional and microstructural uniformity over relatively large areas, high preparation efficiency and low cost. Collectively, these advantages make it an attractive technique for commercial production. Only limited work on sol-gel deposition of BiFeO3 films has been reported in the literature and most of this has indicated that the complex chemistry and chemical preparation route make it difficult to obtain pure, dense and defect-free thin films (Fig.1). In particular, the presence of porosity in films invariably lead to current leakage (“short-circuiting”) between upper and bottom electrodes during electrical measurement and thus renders the films useless for practical electromechanical applications. The overall objective of the present work was to develop a viable sol-gel deposition route for the fabrication of high-quality, leakage-free BiFeO3 films. A nonaqueous sol precursor system based on 2-methoxyethanol and acetic anhydride as the solvent phases with Bi and Fe nitrate as the chelating metal species was used. Extensive studies of the chemistry (using techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance) underlying the initial gelation behaviour of the system were completed. Formation of a continuous Bi-Fe-gel coating was dependent on the competing kinetics of solvent gelation and solvent evaporation. Gelation involving the metal nitrates and the solvent is needed to form a coherent, continuous gel layer but, for the system used in this work, this is driven by the evaporation of the solvent itself. If the solvent evaporation is too slow then this promotes crystallisation of non-stoichiometric phases within the film. If the solvent evaporation is too fast then there is insufficient time for gelation and, instead, a powdery coating is obtained. By optimisation of the heating rate, gelation temperature, and metal nitrate to organic solvent ratio, it was possible to produce a continuous gel coating of relatively high Bi and Fe concentration which, on subsequent heat-treatment, yielded a single-phase, near fully-dense, and continuous thin film of BiFeO3. An example of a film ~45 nm thick, is shown in Fig. 1. The crystallography, nanostructure, and electromechanical properties of the coatings will be examined in the next stage of the project, with the intention to produce coatings for potential commercial applications.

Fig. 1. Sol-gel derived bismuth ferrite thin film on a selected substrate showing: (a) film surface and (b) film cross section.

Annual Report

85


Numerical investigation of the dispersion in dry powder inhalers Z.B. Tong1, B. Zheng1, R.Y. Yang1, A.B. Yu1, and H.K. Chan2 1 Laboratory for Simulation and Modelling of Particulate Systems, School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia 2 Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Inhalation aerosols offer the distinct advantage of rapid and convenient delivery of bioactive substances to the site of action. However, present pharmaceutical dry powder inhalers (DPIs) are extremely inefficient (only 10–30% of the stated dose reaches the lungs) and have large variability of dosing. This work investigates powder dispersion mechanisms in pharmaceutical dry powder inhalers, using the commercial AerolizerŽ as a model inhaler device. A coupled CFD and DEM technique was adopted to simulate fluid flow and particles, respectively. The shear stress of turbulent flow had no visible effect on powder dispersion while the agglomerateagglomerate interactions occurred only when the agglomerates were ejected from the capsule. Multiple major impactions occurred between the agglomerates and the chamber wall, which fragmented the agglomerates into large pieces without generating many fine particles. The subsequent impactions between the fragments with the grid were identified as the key factor for the dramatic increase in FPF. The inhaler was more efficient with increasing air flow rate in terms of the FPF, but its performance decreased at higher flow rates due to increased device retention. (a)

(b)

(c)

Fig.1. (a) Schematic view of Aerolizer inhalers; (b) fluid velocity; and (c) powder dispersion at v = 30m/s.

86

School of Materials Science and Engineering


Characterization of dilatation failure of composites using fractography Carole Autori and Alan Crosky Efficient design of structures from fibre reinforced plastic composites requires an accurate knowledge of the load at which failure will occur. Several empirical theories, based on mathematical descriptions of observed mechanical behaviour, have been developed for this purpose. While each provides good prediction for particular ranges of situations (eg, fibre orientation, stacking sequence, etc,) none is universal in application. Traditionally it has been considered that the matrix in a composite simply holds the fibres in the required orientations, however, failure is in fact initiated in the matrix when the loading direction is greater than about 10째 to the fibre direction. Thus, except over the very narrow range of orientations where the load is within 10째 of the fibre orientation, onset of failure is determined by the properties of the matrix. Recognising this, workers from Boeing have developed a physically-based theory, known as the Onset Theory, in which molecular dynamic modelling of the polymer matrix is used to predict the onset of failure. The theory considers that matrix failure occurs by either dilation or distortion. The work shown below was undertaken to evaluate the predictions of the Onswet Theory for dilation failure.

SEM images of the crack tip with the fibres perpendicular to the plane of section. Image on right shows sample on left tilted at 40째.

SEM images of the crack tip with the fibres parallel to the plane of section.

SEM observation provides a two dimensional understanding of the crack path, however, the failure mechanism is a three-dimensional phenomenon. Focused ion beam milling was therefore used to examine the fractographic features in the third dimension and this has provided a considerably enhanced understanding of the processes that occur.

SEM image of the crack tip with the fibres parallel to the plane of section. Image on right shows sample on left after focused ion beam milling

The study has confirmed that the fractographic featured present in the specimens are consistent with dilatation failure. The observation of replicate samples suggests that these features are reproducible. Annual Report

87


FTIR study of curing of composites involving bi-functional epoxy and milled carbon fibre for use as modified matrix for CFRP systems Sri Bandyopadhyay, S T Cholake, G Moran (UNSW); Y Bai, R K Singh Raman, XL Zhao (Monash University); S. Rizkalla (NCSU, USA) This research focusses on the crosslinking mechanisms (FTIR peaks) of epoxy resin reinforced with 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 wt % of cheap ball milled carbon fibre (MCF) obtained from a European supplier. FTIR spectra of virgin liquid DGEBA epoxy show two characteristic peaks at 3056 and 915cm-1 representing C – H stretching and bending vibrations in epoxy group respectively. When a crosslinking agent (cycloaliphatic polyamine, CAPA) is added to this epoxy, highly active epoxy rings (oxygen connected to two different carbon atoms, see diagram below) open up forming new bonds converting the system into heavily cross-linked rigid material. Using this mechanism, the extent of reaction can be calculated by determining the percentage opening of the epoxy group, i.e., decrease in peak 3056 and 915cm-1 [1] (Figure 1). Optimum curing time was found out using FTIR to cure liquid DGEBA into rigid solid at room temperature with the help of CAPA hardener.

Figure 1 Characteristic peaks of liquid and rigid epoxy along with EMCF 01 (1 % MCF)

Figure 2 Quantitative study of effect of different % of MCF on epoxy group reaction

Using equation 1 given below [2], it is observed that DGEBA attains maximum cross-linking (i.e., 97 and 89%) at the 915cm-1 and 3056cm-1 peaks after 8 days and remains constant after that.

A new peak at 1740cm-1 representing formation of carboxyl group is observed in EMCF composite series. The possible reason behind this is while blending the MCF with liquid epoxy resin, the secondary alcohol group present in epoxy group at 1297 cm-1 reacts with the anhydride ring of MCF leading to the formation of carboxyl group at 1740cm-1 [3]. Effect of addition of MCF on epoxy group reaction varies as MCF wt % is changed. A primary conclusion from Figure 2 data is that that above 3% MCF, the composite shows improved crosslinking due to less formation of carboxyl groups. So the concentration of MCF must be greater than 3 %. References 1. Fraga F., et al, ‘Curing Kinetics of the Epoxy System Diglycidyl Ether of Bisphenol A/isophoronediamine by Fourier Trans form Infrared Spectroscopy’, Polymer for Advanced Technology, 2008. 19: p.6 2. Goran Nikoli, et al ‘Fast Fourier Transform IR Characterization of Epoxy GT Systems Crosslinked with Aliphatic and Cycloaliphatic EH polyamine adducts.’ Sensors. 2010: p. 12 3. Kumar K. D., Kothandaraman B., ‘Modification of DGEBA Epoxy Resin with Maleated Depolymerised Natural Rubber’, Express Polymer Letters 2008. 2(4): p. 10.

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Applications of Carbon Nanotube Buckypapers S.L.I. Chan 1.

Buckypaper/MmNi5 Composite Film for Ni/MH Batteries

Binder-free and highly conductive buckypapers made of multi-walled carbon nanotubes have been used as a substrate for MmNi5 hydrogen storage alloy electrodes (Mm= mischmetal). A good contact between the buckypaper and the MmNi5 alloy was established by magnetron sputtering. Electrochemical results show that the buckypapers can be a versatile replacement for conventional metal substrates for the anode in Ni/MH batteries. The obtained maximum discharge capacity of 276 mAh/g (Fig. 1) was significantly higher than that previously obtained on thin-film electrode with metal substrate, which was around 220 mAh/g. The high rate discharge capacity was also improved considerably. This provides a valuable platform for the realization of thin-film Ni/MH batteries. 2.

Buckypaper-based bionanosensor (BNS)

Novel bionanosensors using buckypapers as substrates have been developed, which is able to effectively detect DNA-hybridization with controlled device resistance. Modeling of the sensors using pole-zero plots in the z-plane suggests the reorientation of carbon nanotubes within the buckypaper in the presence of hybridized-DNA in the high frequency range (12–16 MHz). Our results successfully demonstrate the possible application of buckypaper as in-situ bionanosensors (Fig. 2).

Fig. 1 Typical charge and discharge (both at 0.2 C rate) curves for the Buckypaper/MmNi5 electrodes. a and b denote composite films of different thickness.

Fig. 2 Gain-Frequency response of a BNS with 17.1 â„Ś resistance. The response curve shifts downwards when the BNS encounters hybridized-DNA and thus can be used as an effective detection device.

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Origin of Long-Range Ferromagnetic Ordering Among Metal-Organic Frameworks with Antiferromagnetic Dimeric-Cu(II) Building Units Jiabao Yi Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous network structures consisting of metal oxide clusters linked by molecular chains. This new class of materials show a number of promising applications in gas storage,1 luminescent materials,2 molecular sieves,3 drug delivery,4 and catalysis, 5 Meanwhile, many MOFs exhibit unique magnetic property due to the constitutive open-shell transition metal (TM) ions, which have been attracting much attention because of their potential applications in low density magnetic materials, molecular magnets, and magnetic molecular sensors. By both theoretical and experimental approaches, we uncover the origin of magnetic moments and long-range ferromagnetic (FM) coupling among metalorganic frameworks (MOFs) constructed with antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupled dimeric-Cu(II) building unit. It is revealed that copper vacancies are the origin of local magnetic moments which are coupled via conjugated aromatic linkers. Figure 1 shows the hysteresis loops at 5 and 20 K, indicating the Curie temperature is lower than 5 K and larger than 20 K. Susceptibility (Fig. 1b) measurement indicates that the Curie temperature of the MOF-505 is around 11 K. In order to understand the ferromagnetism mechanism, we used first principle calculations to investigate the origin of ferromagnetism. Fig. 1c shows the perfect structure of MOF-505. No spin density can be observed. However, when Cu vacancy is introduced into the structure, spin density can be observed around the Cu vacancy (Fig. 1d, 1e). Spin density can be both observed in one single or pair Cu vacancies. This work has shown that cation vacancies in MOF-505 can induce ferromagnetism, which may pave a way to explore and realize some new high Tc dimeric-Cu(II) based ferromagnetic MOFs.

Figure 1. (a) Magnetic hysteresis loop of MOF-505 at 5 K and 20 K; (b) Temperature dependent susceptibility of MOF-505. The inset shows the 1/χ −T curve in the temperature ranged from 2 to 65 K. The solid line in the inset is the curve fitted to the Curie-Weiss law; c) A perfect single crystal of MOF505 without spin density; d) and e) show the spin densities of MOF-505 with a single copper vacancy and a pair of copper vacancies, respectively.

References: (1) Lin, X.; Jia, J.; Zhao, X.; Thomas, K. M.; Blake, A. J. Walker, G. S.; Champness, N. R.; Hubberstey, P.; Schroder, M. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 7358; (2) Chen, B.; Wang, L.; Zapata, F.; Qian, G.; Lobkovsky, E. B.; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 6718; (3) Chen, B.; Xiang, S.; Qian, G. Acc. Chem. Res, 2010, 43, 1115. (4) Horcajada, P.; Serre, C.; Vallet-Regi, M.; Sebban, M.; Taulelle, F.; Ferey, G. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 5974. (5) Kitagawa, S.; Kitaura, R.; Noro, S.; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 2334.

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High Piezoelectric coefficients in Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 Lead-free thin films Danyang Wang and Bingcheng Luo The industry is currently facing global restrictions on use of lead-based piezoelectrics because of the high toxicity of lead. Therefore, it is an urgent task to develop lead-free alternatives with piezoelectricity comparable to those of lead-based materials. Binary system (1-x)BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3xBa0.7Ca0.3TiO3 (BZT-BCT) has been recently recognized as a promising lead-free piezoelectric material with a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) near x=0.5. This finding shed a new light on the research of lead-free piezoelectrics and great efforts thereby have been made to study the microstructural, elastic, dielectric, pyroelectric and piezoelectric properties of BZT-BCT ceramics. However, studies on BZT-BCT thin films are still insufficient. In our work, high quality BZT-BCT thin films were fabricated on La0.7Sr0.3MnO3-coated SrTiO3 single-crystalline and semiconductor silicon substrates by off-axis RF magnetron sputtering. A strong dependence of ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties on the crystallographic orientations of the thin films was observed, attributing to the relative alignment of crystallites and spontaneous polarization vector. A large effective piezoelectric coefficients d33,eff of 100Âą5 pm/V was obtained in our BZT-BCT thin films. The d33,eff values of our thin films are very much comparable to those of lead-based thin films, and are in the upper range of lead-free piezoelectric thin films reported in the literatures up to this date, suggesting that BZT-BCT is a promising candidate to replace the widely used lead-based piezoelectrics for the applications in high-performance microelectronic devices. In addition, the established orientation-property relationship in our epitaxial thin films may provide a valuable guidance on further development of textured BZT-BCT based materials.

(a)

(b)

Fig. 1 (a) Piezoresponse amplitude image (b) phase image and (c) local switching spectroscopy PFM amplitude voltage butterfly loop and phase voltage hysteresis loop for BZT-BCT thin films deposited on Si under optical conditions.

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Controlling high temperature corrosion of steels in CO2-rich gases by alloying Thuan Nguyen, Jianqiang Zhang, David J. Young Oxyfuel combustion is an emerging technology designed to reduce emission of CO2-rich gases at high temperatures in the power industry. In the oxyfuel process, coal is combusted in oxygen rather than air, resulting in a flue gas consisting mainly of CO2 and H2O. This gas is surprisingly corrosive and the selection of appropriate steels to handle these gases is challenging. Carbon dioxide and water vapor are destructive, and degrade the Fe-Cr and Fe-Cr-Ni steels used widely in heat exchangers. Modification of these steels by adding minor alloying elements (Ce, Mn and Si) is a conventional approach to improving their high temperature corrosion. Our research showed that alloying with Si significantly reduced the oxidation weight gain kinetics of a 9Cr alloy (Fig. 1). Very little weight gain was recorded when adding only 0.2wt% Si. Without any Si addition, 9Cr steel suffered severe oxidation and carburisation, forming thick multi-layered iron oxide scales and intergranular carbides within the alloy (Fig. 2a). However, with the 0.2 wt% Si addition, a very thin protective Cr2O3 oxide scale was formed together with an SiO2 layer about 20nm thick underneath the Cr2O3 scale (Fig. 2b). Internal carburisation was then suppressed.

Figure 1. Comparison of oxidation kinetics of Fe-9Cr with and without Si at 818 oC in Ar-20CO2

Figure 2. (a) SEM image of Fe-9Cr oxidized at 818 oC for 20 h; and (b) TEM image of Fe-9Cr-0.2Si oxidized for 240 h in Ar-20CO2.

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Research Centres Annual Report

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Simulation and Modelling of Particulate Systems (SIMPAS) The research conducted at the Laboratory for Simulation and Modelling of Particulate Systems (SIMPAS), led by Aibing Yu, Federation Fellow and Scientia Professor, aims to understand and model the physics governing particulate and multiphase processing, with its application oriented to mineral/metallurgical/ material/chemical industries. Over the years SIMPAS has developed a sustained and systematic way to study particulate matter at various time and length scales including, for example, the determination of contact forces between particles at an atomic or sub-particle scale, dynamics of particles at a particle scale, and performance of an operational unit at a process equipment scale. The outcomes of Professor Yu’s research include theories, computer models and simulation techniques, and knowledge at both microscopic and macroscopic levels. Such multiscale research is critical to advancing particle science and technology, as well as process technology. Below are a few examples highlighting SIMPAS work.

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SIMPAS DIRECTOR’S REPORT Much of our environment and the benefits that we derive from our surroundings are strongly influenced by the interactions of the three primary phases of matter – solids, liquids, and gases. These interactions often occur on surfaces, with the individual phases being discrete in form. Particles/powders, which can be either wet or dry and range in size from nanometers to centimeters, are one very important example of such a multiphase system. As with solids, bulk powders can withstand deformation; as with liquids, they can flow; as with gases, they exhibit compressibility. These features give rise to another state of matter – particulate matter – that is poorly understood. Particulate science and technology is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary research area with its core being the understanding of the relationships between micro- and macro-scopic properties of particulate materials. It is now emerging as a core competency of paramount importance to many sectors of our modern economy. The macroscopic behavior of a powder is controlled by the interactions between individual particles as well as interactions with any surrounding gas or liquid. Understanding the microscopic mechanisms in relation to these interaction forces is key to leading to truly interdisciplinary research into particulate matter, in which scientists and engineers correlate their findings and ensure that microscopic predictions from one discipline match macroscopic results from another. It is extremely difficult to obtain microscopic information experimentally, even with the use of advanced and expensive measuring techniques. However, this difficulty can be overcome by computer simulation and modelling. This point of view has been widely accepted among the scientists working in this area, particularly in recent years as a result of the rapid development of discrete particle simulation techniques and computer technology. The Laboratory for Simulation and Modelling of Particulate Systems (SIMPAS) is a world class, multidisciplinary research facility established and directed by Professor Aibing Yu, ARC Federation Fellow and UNSW Scientia Professor. Its research theme aims at understanding the mechanisms governing particulate packing and flow through rigorous simulation and modelling of the particle-particle and particle-fluid interactions at both microscopic and macroscopic levels, with its application oriented to mineral/metallurgy/chemical/materials industries. Its goal is to be internationally recognised through excellence in fundamental and applied research in particulate science and technology. Its mission is: • to establish a world-class interdisciplinary research team, supported by the rapidly developed computational techniques and computer technology, in the field of particulate science and technology; • to provide a forum to research scientists from various disciplines for exchanging ideas and developing collaborative research in computational particulate technology; • to promote the application of particulate science and technology, newly developed understanding and research techniques in particular, to industry; and • to contribute to the education and training of high quality postgraduates in particulate science and technology. The research in SIMPAS is developed in five inter-related areas at three levels, including the development of simulation and modelling techniques (level 1), fundamental studies of particle packing and flow, and the transport properties of static/dynamic particle systems (level 2), and industrial application (level 3), as shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 1 Research areas/components and their links in Simpas (For details, please refer to http://www.simpas.unsw.edu.au/). Annual Report

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Since 1993, SIMPAS has attracted over $26M external research funds to UNSW including >50 grants from the Australian Research Council, and graduated 44 PhD and 18 MEng students (7 Ph.D and 1 M.Eng graduated/submitted in 2012), while hosting >35 postdoctoral researchers. Research collaboration has been made with various industrial organizations including Bluescope Steel, BHPBilliton (including BMA), Alcoa, Xstrata, ACARP, Rio Tinto, Johnson and Johnson, Minco Technologies, DSTO, Cement Australia, Minco Tech, and many overseas R&D organizations such as Kawasaki Steel (Japan), China Steel (Taiwan), Posco Steel (South Korea), Tata Steel (India), BaoSteel and LongKing (China); and other universities and research institutes including CSIRO. Clearly, SIMPAS has established its leading position in the main theme research areas such as particle packing, particulate and multiphase flow/processing (in, e.g. ironmaking and coal preparation), and simulation and modelling. In 2012, SIMPAS was comprised of 15 teaching/research/administrative staff and 38 research students. It attracted >$3.8M research funds (~$3.2M external and ~$0.6M internal), and published 1 book edited, 1 book chapter, 41 journal and 18 conference papers, plus a number of invited plenary/keynote presentations at international conferences. It successfully organized the 4th International Conference on Multiscale Structures in Process Engineering and hosted tens of visitors from various parts of the world. Major recognitions of Simpas members in 2012: • Aibing Yu : 2012 Postdoctoral Supervisor of the Year, UNSW • Mathew Komiyama: 2nd place for 2012 Faculty of Science Postgraduate Research Competition, UNSW • Xuchuan Jiang: Promoted to Associate Professor Conference/workshops attended in 2012: • 4th High Temperature Processing Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, 6-7 Feb 2012 (A. Yu, Plenary speaker) • APMC10 – ICONN 2012 – ACMM 22 Conference 2012, Perth, Australia, 5-9 Feb. 2012 (Z. Tian) • International Symposium on Discrete Element Modelling of Particulate Media , Birmingham, UK, 29-30 March 2012 (A. Yu, Plenary speaker) • 5th Asian Particle Technology Symposium, Singapore, 2-5 July, 2012. (A. Yu, Keynote Speaker) • CHoPS 2012 - 07th International Conference for Conveying and Handling of Particulate Solids, Friedrichshafen, Germany, 10-13 Sept 2012 (A. Yu) • Conference of Computational Mechanics of Granular Materials (CMGM-2012), Zhangjiajie, China, 16-18 Sept. 2012 (A. Yu, Plenary speaker) • 4th International Conference on Multiscale Modelling in Process Engineering, Beijing, China, 2628 Sept. 2012 (A. Yu, Keynote Speaker) • 18th International Drying Symposium, Xiamen, China, 11-15 Nov. 2012 (A. Yu, Plenary speaker) • Chemeca 2012, 23-26 Sept. 2012, Wellington, New Zealand ( X. C. Jiang) • International Symposium on Chemical Reaction Engineering 22 (ISCRE 22), Maastricht, the Netherlands, September 2-5, 2012 (Eric Yang) • 5th International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmaking, Dresden, 1-3 October 2012, Germany (K. Komiyama) • Proc. Of the 6th International Congress on the Science and Technology of Ironmaking – ICSTI'12, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 14-18 Oct 2012 (Y. Shen) • 7th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Mass Transfer and Energy Conversion (ISMF2012), Xi'an, China, 26-30 Oct., 2012 (6 Simpas members including K. Chu, Y. Shen, R. Yang, Z Zhou, Students K. Li & W. Yang) • 2012 AIChE Annual Meeting: Cleaner Energy, Stronger Economy, Better Living, Pittsburgh, USA, 28 Oct.– 2 Nov. (A. Yu) • 4th Australia-China-Japan Symposium on Iron and Steelmaking, Shenyang, China, 3-5 Nov , 2012 (A. Yu & Y. Shen) • 9th International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, 10-12 Dec. 2012 Melbourne, Australia (B. Guo, K. Chu, M. Ghodraft, H. Wahyuoi, M. Xing) • The 4th Australia-China Joint Symposium on Science, Technology and Education, 16-20 Dec. 2012, Perth, Australia (A. Yu and R. Zou) • International Symposium on Functional Materials 2012, 17-20 Dec. 2012, Perth, Australia (A. Yu & R. Zou) New research grants for projects commencing in July 2012 and 2013 include: • Yu, Shen, Zhang, Evens, Model studies of new ironmaking processes, ARC LP120200469, $1,315K (2012 July -2015 July, round 2) • Yu and other 49 researchers, Australia-China Joint Research Centre for Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials (3-M Centre), Australia-China Science and Research Fund, $833K ( 2013-2014) • Yu, Fundamental studies of multiphase flow and separation performance of natural medium cyclones for recovering waste coal, ARC LP130100365, $905K (2013 July -2016 July, round 2) • YU, Stockpile Drainage Modelling, $38K (contract research, BHP Iron ore) 98

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ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in light metals The ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals was established in 2006 with the vision to be an innovative, internationally-competitive strategic fundamental research Centre of Excellence, advancing scientific knowledge and understanding in, and enhancing technology development, awareness and applications of, the light metals aluminium, magnesium and titanium. The Centre combines the expertise of the leading Australian light metals researchers based at Monash University, University of New South Wales, University of Queensland, Deakin University, University of Sydney and University of Melbourne. The Centre embraces a ‘design-directed’ approach to the systematic identification of research initiatives for maximising the competitiveness of light alloys and light metal hybrids based on aluminium, magnesium and titanium. The ‘design-directed’ approach provides an effective linkage between fundamental research and engineering application. The Centre has global linkages with major international Centres in Europe, North America and Asia. The Centre’s 7th year of operation was highly successful, with some notable highlights including: • Continuation of our streamlined Centre Research Portfolio (below); • Continuation of excellent research outputs from staff and students in the form of high-calibre publications, keynote & invited addresses at International Conferences and visits to major international laboratories; and • 6th Annual Workshop hosted by Monash University that attracted over 100 Centre participants including several eminent local and overseas Partner Investigators.

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The School continues to play a major role in the Centre and is active in several of its research projects. Professors Michael Ferry and Mark Hoffman have continued with their major leadership roles in the two key research programs. The above flowchart shows Program A consisting of the six projects in Al, Mg, and Ti, and Program B consisting of two projects in Hybrid Materials and Surface Engineering. Program C involves linkage projects with various industry partners and Program D involves research associated with the European Accelerated Metallurgy project. Selected research highlights of UNSW researchers in two key projects are outlined below.

Project A4 – Lightweight Bulk Metallic Glasses

Researchers: Prof. Michael Ferry (Project Leader), Dr Kevin Laws (Project Manager), Dr Martin Xu, Dr Reza Mahjoub, Jake Cao, Karl Shamlaye, Jacky Cao, John Scicluna, Fitri Mohamad, Olga Biletska, David Miskovic, Nick Hamilton Lightweight bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) have a metastable amorphous structure and, hence, they generally exhibit attractive properties suitable for structural and mechanical applications. This major Centre project has three streams of research: Stream A aims to extend the types of BMG compositions based on a fundamental approach to alloy design of BMGs and involves investigations of their microstructure at the highest levels of sophistication; Stream B aims to generate actual devices and components for certain end-applications, and Stream C aims to generate BMG composites and components. Again, 2012 has been highly productive year for this project with one notable research outcome being the explanation of the structural origin of enhanced ductility in our Mg-based BMGs using a combination of molecular dynamics modelling and advanced high energy x-ray scattering studies at ESRF.

Project B1.1 – Hybrid Design for Exceptional Structural Performance – Low Density Structures

Researchers: Prof. Mark Hoffman (Program Leader), Dr Tania Vodenitcharova (Project Manager), Neil Lazo, Dr Emmanuel Flores-Johnson This project targets lightweight structures with optimised architecture and material selection which provide superior capabilities over their bulk counterparts. It explores foam- and trusscored laminates for their high absorption capacity, and bio-mimetic shell-based structures optimised to meet specific strength and performance requirements. Inspired by naturally occurring nacre structures, a new project stream ‘Bio-inspired composite structures’ commenced, which aims to develop a layered nacre-like structure of high impact resistance. The figure below shows: (a) nacre-like structure comprising bonded waving solid plates, and (b) FEA simulations of a projectile impacting the structure at various speeds. The ballistic performance of the composites was compared with that of bulk plates and was found to be superior in thicker-plates impacted at high velocity. This is attributed to the hierarchical structure that enables both localized energy absorption by deformation of the metallic tablet and tablet interlocking due to the waviness and inter-layered delamination which allows plastic deformation further away from the impact zone.

Michael Ferry Deputy Director & Program A Leader & Mark Hoffman Program B Leader ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals

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SMaRT DIRECTOR’S 2012 REPORT Scientia Professor Veena Sahajwalla Director of Sustainable Materials Research and Technology Centre (SMaRT@UNSW) The SMaRT Centre has broadened the environmental mantra of ‘reduce, reuse and recycle’, adding ‘re-forming’ of waste materials, demonstrating commercially viable research outcomes and promoting a wider understanding of the immense potential benefits of sustainable materials and innovative manufacturing processes. Our commercialised ‘green steel’ making process is now turning waste polymers and tyres into steel in Australian and overseas factories. Ongoing and new research programs apply a similar innovative approach to waste streams, including complex and challenging automotive waste and e-waste. We have also transformed mass agricultural wastes into novel building materials. My appointment as Commissioner on the Federal Government’s Climate Commission focuses on ‘solutions’ and represents an important public endorsement of the SMaRT Centre’s goal for leading scientific and engineering advances in the sustainability of materials and associated technologies. The singling out of ‘green steel’ by the Banksia Environmental Foundation, through its 2012 GE Eco Innovation Award for Individual Excellence, gave further prominence to our pursuit of industrial-scale innovations in sustainability while referring to our “…holistic approach to sustainable materials and processes” and achieves rare success in bridging “…the space between academia, industry, government, environmental groups and the public”. At SMaRT, waste is viewed as an opportunity, not a burden. If we reduce, reuse, recycle and reform waste as much as possible, we can meaningfully reduce pressure on the world’s natural resources, reducing both energy use and emissions. In 2012, SMaRT was granted a total of $966,000 in research funding. Funding sources were primarily from the Australian Research Council and industry partners such as OneSteel, LKAB Sweden and the Australian Coal Industry Research program. However, a new grant over three years from the Australia-India Strategic Research Fund allows us to broaden our research agenda and international links. In partnership with prestigious Indian research institutes and UNSW’s Faculty of the Built Environment, the SMaRT Centre will initiate research into the novel reprocessing of complex e-waste, that has low recycling rates due to complex mixes of metals, plastics and hazardous toxic components and which is one of the world’s fastest growing and most challenging waste problems. Informal e-waste recycling in developing countries employs crude heating methods to extract precious metals, such as gold and silver, exposing workers and communities to serious health risks and the environment to toxic dangers. The UNSW-led team aims to develop safe, small-scale processing plants to help local communities threatened by hazardous leaching from landfill, or toxic fumes, and to protect waste workers. Research continues with our key industry partner, Arrium Ltd, formerly OneSteel, into a novel recycling approach which aims to extract silicon-carbon resources from glass from automotive waste glass and plastics. International Research Collaboration included staff and students from University Malaysia Perlis; POSCO, South Korea; Saudi Basic Industries Corporation; and the University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana. Exchange students came from Sweden and Canada while exchange researchers from MEFOS, Sweden, worked collaboratively on SMaRT research. We continue to build international collaboration with leading research institutions and our collaborative research funding for e-waste will lead to a visit from India’s Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology.

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Leading industrialist and philanthropist, Rajan Tata, visited Kensington campus to receive a Doctor of Business honoris causa and give UNSW researchers an unprecedented opportunity to discuss innovative environmental solutions with the leader of one of the world’s most influential business groups. Representing the SMaRT Centre, I outlined the potential for the application of our sustainable research in India, where environmental issues are increasingly challenging. Mr Tata’s visit followed the success of last year’s Symposium on Sustainable Materials, Processes and Technology that fostered international research collaboration and brought together innovators from around the globe and, in particular, from Australia’s neighbouring regions. 2012 offered many opportunities for me to encourage young women to consider careers in science and engineering as part of a national publicity campaign involving outstanding Australia women. As the Nokia Business Innovation Award recipient in 2011, I was able to speak about research and innovation outside familiar academic circles and contributed to various publications with broad audiences. A direct consequence of that award was an encouraging interest of women’s magazines in the life of female scientists. Senator Kim Carr, Federal Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research described the SMaRT Centre as an important model for collaboration between researchers and industry, “This is where white collar meets blue collar. It is the best way to get new knowledge out of the academy and into the real world.” 2012 has seen the further consolidation and productive collaboration he envisaged across all our areas of endeavour, from research to public engagement, both locally and internationally. We owe our every success to those who have supported us in pursuing our vision. I take this opportunity to thank the inspiring people with whom I work, and our vital industry partners and supporters. Scientia Professor Veena Sahajwalla Director

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Research Publications Chapter - Scholarly Research •

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Bandyopadhyay, S, & Cholake, S 2012, Coal Fly Ash: A Valuable Recycling Treasure in Construction and Environmental Application, Advances in Environmental Research. Volume 23 (1, pp. 1 - 51). , Nova Science Publishers, USA. Hanaor, DAH, Koshy, P, & Sorrell, CC 2012, Phase Stability and Transformations in TiO2, Rutile: Properties, Synthesis and Applications (1, pp. 11 - 28). , Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY. Jiang, X, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Yue, J, & Kaneti, V 2012, Experimental and Theoretical Study of Low-Dimensional Iron Oxide Nanostructures, Nanoparticles/Book1 (). , Intech Open Access Publisher. Lin KS, Chowdhury, S, adhikari, AK, & Chan, SLI 2012, Fine Structure Characterization of Nanorod Materials Using Neutron Scattering and Synchrotron Radiation Techniques- A Review, Advances in Nanotechnology (pp. 11 - 28). , Nova Science Publishers, New York, USA. Wang, D 2012, Epitaxial (Ba,Sr)TiO3 Ferroelectric Thin Films for Integrated Optics, Nonlinear Optics (pp. 185 - 208). , INTECH. Wang, D, & Li, SS 2012, Recent Progress on Lead-Free Piezoelectric Thin Films, Ferroelectrics: New Research (pp. 167 186). , Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York.

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Abdullateef, AA, Thomas, SP, Al-harthi, MA, De, SK, et al, 2012, 'Natural rubber nanocomposites with functionalized carbon nanotubes: Mechanical, dynamic mechanical, and morphology studies', Journal of Applied Polymer Science , 125, pp. E76 - E84. Abu Kassim, M, Crosky, AG, & Ruys, D 2012, 'Water Absorption and Modification of Kenaf and Flax Fibres', Advanced Materials Research , 545, pp. 342 - 347. Acosta, M, Zang, J, Jo, W, & Rodel, J 2012, 'High-temperature dielectrics in CaZrO 3-modified Bi 1/2Na 1/2TiO 3-based leadfree ceramics', Journal of the European Ceramic Society , 32, pp. 4327 - 4334. AdabiFiroozjaei, Koshy, P, & Sorrell, CC 2012, 'Effects of Different Boron Compounds on the Corrosion Resistance of AndalusiteBased Low-Cement Castables in Contact with Molten Al-Alloy', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B - Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science , 43, pp. 5 - 13. Afrin, N., Quadir, MZ, Xu, W, & Ferry, M 2012, 'Spatial orientations and structural irregularities associated with the formation of microbands in a cold deformed Goss oriented Ni single crystal', ACTA Materialia , 60, pp. 6288 -6300. Ahmed, MS, Munroe, PR, Jiang, Z-T, Zhao, X, et al, 2012, 'Corrosion- and damage-resistant nitride coatings for steel', Journal of the American Ceramic Society , 95, pp. 2997 - 3004. Al Assadi, MHN, Zheng, RK, Li, SP, & Ringer, SP 2012, 'Firstprinciples investigation of electrical and magnetic properties of ZnO based diluted magnetic semiconductors codoped with H', Journal of Applied Physics , 111, pp. Araticle no. 113901 Al Assadi, MHN, Zheng, R, Li, SS, & Ringer, S 2012, ‘Varying electrical activity of hydrogen in ZnO based diluted magnetic semiconductors’, Journal of Applied Physics , 111, pp. 113901 - . Aly, Z, Vance, ER, & Perera, DS 2012, ‘Aqueous dissolution of sodium aluminosilicate geopolymers derived from metakaolin’, Journal of Nuclear Materials , 424, pp. 164 - 170. Ao, Z, Jiang, M, Wen, Z, & Li, SS 2012, ‘Density functional theory calculations on graphene/SiO2(0001) interface’, Nanoscale research letters , 7, pp. Article number:158 - . Ao, Z, Hernández-nieves, AD, Peeters, FM, & Li, SP 2012, ‘The electric field as a novel switch for uptake/release of hydrogen for storage in nitrogen doped graphene’, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 14, pp. 1463 - 1467. Arsecularatne, JA, & Hoffman, MJ 2012, ‘Ceramic-like wear behaviour of human dental enamel’, Journal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials , 8, pp. 47 - 57. Attallah, MM, Preuss, M, Boonchareon, C, Steuwer, A, et al, 2012, ‘Microstructural and residual stress development due to inertia friction welding in Ti-6246’, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science , 43, pp. 3149 - 3161. Balke, N, Winchester, B, Ren, W, Chu, YH, et al, 2012, ‘Enhanced electric conductivity at ferroelectric vortex cores in BiFeO 3’, Nature Physics , 8, pp. 81 - 88. Bandyopadhyay, S, Bhattacharya M, Biswas, S, & A.K. Bhowmick 2012, ‘Influence of the nanofiller type and content on permeation characteristics of multifunctional NR nanocomposites and their modelling. Polymers for Advanced Technologies (in Press 2011). DOI: 10.1002/pat.1930 Influence of the nanofiller type and content on permeation characteristics of multifunctional NR nanocomposites and their modelling’, Polymers for Advanced Technologies , 23, pp. 596 - 610.

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Banerjee, SA, Hajra, P, Bhaumik, A, Bandyopadhyay, S, & et al, 2012, ‘Large magnetodielectric effect in nickel zinc ferrite-lithium niobate nanocomposite’, Chemical Physics Letters , 541, pp. 96 - 100. Bardy, J, Legrand, X, & Crosky, AG 2012, ‘Configuration of a genetic algorithm used to optimise fibre steering in composite laminates’, Composite Structures , 94, pp. 2048 - 2056. Bhuyan, S, Bradby, JE, Ruffell, S, Haberl, B, et al, 2012, ‘Phase stability of silicon during indentation at elevated temperature: evidence for a direct transformation from metallic Si-II to diamond cubic Si-I’, MRS Communications , 2, pp. 9 - 12. Bogle, KA, Cheung, J, Chu, Y-H, Gregg, JM, et al, 2012, ‘Epitaxial Magnetic Oxide Nanocrystals via Phase Decomposition of Bismuth Perovskite Precursors’, Advanced Functional Materials , 22, pp. 5224 - 5230. Bomma Reddy, AR, Quadir, MZ, & Ferry, M 2012, ‘Time and temperature regime of continuous grain coarsening in an ECAP-processed Al(0.1 wt.% Sc) alloy’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds , 527, pp. 145 - 151. Borisevich, AY, Morozovska, AN, Eliseev, EA, Cheng, C, et al, 2012, ‘Atomic-scale evolution of modulated phases at the ferroelectricantiferroelectric morphotropic phase boundary controlled by flexoelectric interaction’, Nature communications , 3, pp. Art. No. 1778 - . Cao, C, , & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘A new hybrid finite element approach for three-dimensional elastic problems’, Archives of Mechanics , 64, pp. 261 - 292. Cao, C, , & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘A novel boundaryintegral based finite element method for 2D and 3D thermoelasticity problems’, Journal of Thermal Stresses , 35, pp. 849 - 876. Cao, C, , & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Hybrid fundamentalsolution-based FEM for piezoelectric materials’, Computational Mechanics , 50, pp. 397 - 412. Cao, J, Kirkland, N, Laws, KJ, Birbilis, N, & et al, 2012, ‘Ca-Mg-Zn bulk metallic glasses as bioresorbable metals’, ACTA Biomaterialia , 8, pp. 2375 - 2383. Cao, J, Laws, KJ, Birbilis, N, & Ferry, M 2012, ‘Potentiodynamic polarisation study of bulk metallic glasses based on the Mg-Zn-Ca ternary system’, Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology , 47, pp. 329 - 334. Cao, J, Martens, P, Laws, KJ, Boughton, PC, & et al, 2012, ‘Quantitative in vitro assessment of Mg65 Zn30 Ca5 degradation and its effect on cell viability’, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B - Applied Biomaterials , 101B, pp. 43 - 49. Catalan, G, Ramesh, R, Scott, JF, & Seidel, J 2012, ‘Domain wall nanoelectronics’, Reviews of Modern Physics , 84, pp. 119 - 156. Chandratilleke, GR, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Bridgwater, J, & Shinohara, K 2012, ‘A particle-scale index in the Quantification of mixing of particles’, AIChE Journal , 58, pp. 1099 - 1118. Chandratilleke, R, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & Bridgwater, J 2012, ‘A DEM study of the mixing of particles induced by a flat blade’, Chemical Engineering Science , 79, pp. 54 - 74. Chen, C, Jiang, X, Wong, K, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Carbon coated Fe203 and Fe30 nanostructures for drug delivery’, Powder Technology , . Chen, C, Jiang, X, Kaneti, Y, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Design and construction of polymerized-glucose coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for delivery of aspirin’, Powder Technology , 236, pp. 157 - 163. Chen, J, Chu, K, Zou, R, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & et al, 2012, ‘Prediction of the Performance of Dense Medium Cyclones in Coal Preparation’, Minerals Engineering , 31, pp. 59 - 70. Chen, L, Lam, SW, Zeng, Q, Amal, R, & et al, 2012, ‘Effect of cation intercalation on the growth of hexagonal WO3 nanorods’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 116, pp. 11722 - 11727. Chen, Y, Cui, YJ, Su, C, Zhou, DJ, et al, 2012, ‘Magnetic properties of GdCoAsO’, Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism , 25, pp. 125 - 129. Chen, Y-C, He, Q, Chua, F-N, Huang, Y-C, et al, 2012, ‘Electrical control of multiferroic orderings in mixed-phase BiFeO 3 films’, Advanced Materials , 24, pp. 3070 - 3075. Cheng, CH, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Defect Control at Nanoscale and Flux Pinning Enhancement in MgB2 Superconductor’, Journal of Modern Transportation , 20, pp. 65 - 69. Cheung, J, Bogle, KA, Cheng, X, Sullaphen, et al, 2012, ‘Phase evolution of magnetite nanocrystals on oxide supports via template-free bismuth ferrite precursor approach’, Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. Article number: 104321 - . Chia, C, Munroe, PR, Joseph, S, Lin, Y, et al, 2012, ‘Analytical electron microscopy of black carbon and microaggregated mineral matter in Amazonian dark Earth’, Journal of Microscopy , 245, pp. 129 - 139. Chia, C, Gong, B, Joseph, S, Marjo, CE, et al, 2012, ‘Imaging of mineral-enriched biochar by FTIR, Raman and SEM-EDX’, Vibrational Spectroscopy , 62, pp. 248 - 257.


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Chow, B, Baume, A, Lok, P, Cao, J, et al, 2012, ‘Development of 3D antibiotic-eluting bioresorbable scaffold with attenuating envelopes’, Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering , 15, pp. 55 - 62. Chu, D, & Younis, A 2012, ‘Direct growth of TiO2 nanotubes on transparent substrates and their resistive switching characteristics’, Journal of Physics D - Applied Physics , 45, pp. Art. No. 355306 - . Chu, D, Younis, A, & Li, SS 2012, ‘Enhancement of Resistance Switching in Electrodeposited Co-ZnO Films’, ISRN Nanotechnology , 2012, pp. 705803 - . Chu, D, & Li, SS 2012, ‘Growth and electrical properties of doped ZnO by electrochemical deposition’, New Journal of Glass and Ceramics , 2, pp. 13 - . Chu, D, Masuda, Y, Ohji, T, & Kato, K 2012, ‘Room-temperature synthesis and characterization of porous CeO2 thin films’, Physica Status Solidi A: Applications and Materials Science , 209, pp. 139 - 142. Chu, K, Wang, B, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & Vince, A 2012, ‘Computational Study of the Multiphase Flow in a Dense Medium Cyclone: Effect of Particle Density’, Chemical Engineering Science , 73, pp. 123 - 139. Chu, K, S.B., Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & Vince, A 2012, ‘Particle Scale Modelling of the Multiphase Flow in a Dense Medium Cyclone: Effect of Fluctuation of Solids Flowrate’, Minerals Engineering , 33, pp. 34 - 45. Chu, K, Wang, B, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & Vince, A 2012, ‘Particle Scale Modelling of the Multiphase Flow in a Dense Medium Cyclone: Effect of Vortex Finder Outlet Pressure’, Minerals Engineering , 31, pp. 46 - 58. Chuang, L., Wang, D, Tan, TT, Al Assadi, MHN, & et al, 2012, ‘Processing dependence of structural and physical properties of Mg2Ge thin films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition’, Thin Solid Films , 520, pp. 6226 - 6229. Daniels, J, Wook Jo, & Donner, W 2012, ‘High-Energy Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction for In Situ Diffuse Scattering Studies of Bulk Single Crystals’, JOM , 64, pp. 174 - 180. Dankwah, J, Koshy, P, O’’kane, P, & Sahajwalla, VH 2012, ‘Reduction of FeO in EAF Steelmaking Slag by Blends of Metallurgical Coke and End-of-Life Tyre’, Steel Research International , 83, pp. 766 - 774. Devasahayam, S 2012, ‘Abrasion characteristics of ores’, Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review , 34, pp. 114 - 129. Dittmer, R, Anton, EM, Jo, W, Simons, H, et al, 2012, ‘A hightemperature-capacitor dielectric based on K 0.5 Na 0.5 NbO 3-Modified Bi 1/2 Na 1/2 TiO 3- Bi 1/2 K 1/2 TiO 3’, Journal of the American Ceramic Society , 95, pp. 3519 - 3524. Dong, K, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Numerical simulation of the particle flow and sieving behavior on sieve bend/low head screen combination’, Minerals Engineering , 31, pp. 2 - 9. Dong, K, Li, L.Y., Zou, R, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Radical tessellation of the packing of ternary mixtures of spheres’, Powder Technology , 224, pp. 129 - 137. Dong, KJ, Yang, R, Zou, RP, & Yu, AB 2012, ‘Settling of particles in liquids: effects of material properties’, AIChE Journal , 58, pp. 1409 - 1421. Downie, AE, Munroe, PR, Cowie, Annette, Van zwieten, L, & et al, 2012, ‘Biochar as a Geo-engineering Climate Solution: Hazard Identification and Risk Management’, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 42, pp. 225 - 250. Ebrahimi, Y, Sabbagh alvani, AA, Sarabi, AA, Sameie, H, et al, 2012, ‘A comprehensive study on the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline SrCo 0.2Fe 11.8O 19 ceramics synthesized via diverse routes’, Ceramics International , 38, pp. 3885 - 3892. Ehmke, M, Daniels, J, Glaum, J., Hoffman, MJ, et al, 2012, ‘Reduction of the piezoelectric performance in lead-free (1-x) Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 piezoceramics under uniaxial compressive stress’, Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. 114108 - 114108-5. Ehsani, N, Sorrell, CC, & Ruys, A 2012, ‘Hydroxyapatite matrix composites by hot isostatic pressing: Part 1. Alumina fibre reinforced’, Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering , 15, pp. 73 - 83. Ehsani, N, Sorrell, CC, & Ruys, A 2012, ‘Hydroxyapatite matrix composites by hot isostatic pressing: Part 2. Zirconia fibre and powder reinforced’, Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering , 15, pp. 85 - 100. Ehsani, N, Ruys, AJ, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Microwave sintering of Al 2O 3 fiber-reinforced hydroxyapatite matrix composites’, Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering , 13, pp. 91 - 104. Ehsani, N, Ruys, AJ, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Microwave sintering of ZrO 2 fiber-reinforced hydroxyapatite matrix composites’, Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering , 14, pp. 93 - 106. Enders, A, Hanley, K, Whitman, T, Joseph, S, & et al, 2012, ‘Characterization of biochars to evaluate recalcitrance and agronomic performance’, Bioresource Technology , 114, pp. 644 - 653. Ferry, M, Xu, W, Quadir, MZ, Zinnia, N, et al, 2012, ‘3D-EBSD Studies of Deformation, Recrystallization and Phase Transformations’, Materials Science Forum , 715-716, pp. 41 -

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Firoozjaei, Koshy, P, & Sorrell, CC 2012, 'Effects of V2O5 Addition on the Corrosion Resistance of Andalusite-Based Low-Cement Castables with Molten Al-Alloy', Journal of the European Ceramic Society , 32, pp. 1463 - 1471. Gao, M, Xing, GZ, Yang, J, Yang, L, et al, 2012, 'Zinc oxide nanotubes decorated with silver nanoparticles as an ultrasensitive substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering', Microchimica ACTA , 179, pp. 315 - 321. Gheno, T, Monceau, D, & Young, DJ 2012, 'Mechanism of breakaway oxidation of Fe-Cr and Fe-Cr-Ni alloys in dry and wet carbon dioxide', Corrosion Science , 64, pp. 222 - 233. Girei, SA, Thomas, PS, Atieh, MA, Mezghani, K, et al, 2012, 'Effect of -COOH functionalized carbon nanotubes on mechanical, dynamic mechanical and thermal properties of polypropylene nanocomposites', Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials , 25, pp. 333 - 350. Glaum, J., Genenko, YA, Kungl, H, Schmitt, LA, & et al, 2012, 'De-aging of Fe-doped lead-zirconate-titanate ceramics by electric field cycling: 180- vs. non-180 domain wall processes', Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. 034103-1 - 034103-9. Gupta, Sushil, Shen, F, Lee, W-J, & O'Brien, G 2012, 'Improving coke strength prediction using automated coal petrography', Fuel, the science and technology of fuel and energy , 94, pp. 368 - 373. Hanaor, DAH, Assadi, M, Li, S, Yu, A., & et al, 2012, 'Ab Initio Study of Phase Stability in Doped TiO2', Computational Mechanics , 50, pp. 185 - 194. Hanaor, DAH, Xu, W, Ferry, M, & Sorrell, CC 2012, 'Abnormal grain growth of rutile TiO 2 induced by ZrSiO 4', Journal of Crystal Growth , 359, pp. 83 - 91. Hanaor, DAH, Chironi, I, Karatchevtseva, I, Triani, G, & et al, 2012, 'Single and mixed phase TiO2 powders prepared by excess hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide', Advances in Applied Ceramics , 111, pp. 149 - 158. Hanaor, DAH, Michelazzi, M, Leonelli, C, & Sorrell, CC 2012, 'The Effects of Carboxylic Acids on the Aqueous Dispersion and Electrophoretic Deposition of ZrO2', Journal of the European Ceramic Society , 32, pp. 235 - 244. Hou, Q, Zhou, Z, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'Computational study of the effects of material properties on heat transfer in gas fluidization', Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research , 51, pp. 11572 - 11586. Hou, Q, Zhou, Z.Y., & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'Micromechanical modeling and analysis of different flow regimes in gas fluidization', Chemical Engineering Science , 84, pp. 449 - 468. Hou, Z, Liu, L-X, Tian Z.A., Liu, R-S, et al, 2012, 'Atomic mechanism of liquid-glass transition for Ca7Mg 3 alloy', Journal of Physical Chemistry B , 116, pp. 7746 - 7753. Huang, B, Jiang, Q, Chen, H, He, L, et al, 2012, 'Preparation and characterization of carbon nanotube network via a filtration method', Rare Metals , 30, pp. 98 - 101. Idris, MA, Bak, T, Li, SS, & Nowotny, J 2012, ‘Effect of segregation on surface and near-surface chemistry of yttria-stabilized zirconia’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 116, pp. 10950 - 10958. Ikram-ul haq , M, Khanna, R, Kongkarat, S, & Sahajwalla, VH 2012, ‘Chemical interactions in Al 2O 3-C/Fe system at 1 823 K: Implications for refractory recycling’, ISIJ International , 52, pp. 1801 - 1808. Jayasundara, CT, Yang, R, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Discrete particle simulation of particle flow in a stirred mill: Effect of mill properties and geometry’, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research , 51, pp. 1050 - 1061. Jiang, Q, Ao, Z, Chu, D, & Jiang, Q 2012, ‘Reversible transition of graphene from hydrophobic to hydrophilic in the presence of an electric field’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 116, pp. 19321 19326. Jiang, X, Kaneti, Y, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles on FeOOH Nanorods for Detecting Melamine in Aqueous Solution’, J. Colloids & Interface Sci , 367, pp. 204 212. Jiang, X, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Fu, H, Yang, XH, et al, 2012, ‘Glycothermal Synthesis of Assembled Vanadium Oxide Nanostructures for Gas Sensing’, Journal of Nanoparticle Research , 14, pp. 871 - 884. Jin, J, Zheng, L, Guo, YG, Zhu, J, et al, 2012, ‘High-temperature superconducting linear synchronous motors integrated with HTS magnetic levitation components’, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity , 22, pp. Article no. 6304385 - . Ke, J, Li, X, Shi, Y, Zhao, Q, & et al, 2012, ‘A facile and highly sensitive probe for Hg(ii) based on metal-induced aggregation of ZnSe/ZnS quantum dots’, Nanoscale , 4, pp. 4996 - 5001. Kemal, I, Whittle, AJ, Burford, RP, Vodenitcharova, T, & et al, 2012, ‘Toughening of unmodified polyvinylchloride through the addition of nanoparticulate calcium carbonate and titanate coupling agent’, Journal of Applied Polymer Science , 127, pp. 2339 - 2353. Kempton, L, Pinson, D, Chew, SJ, Zulli, P, & et al, 2012, ‘Simulation of macroscopic deformation using a sub-particle DEM approach’, Powder Technology , 223, pp. 19 - 26. Khanna, R, Kongkarat, S, Seetharaman, S, & Sahajwalla, VH 2012, ‘Carbothermic reduction of alumina at 1 823 K in the presence of molten steel: A sessile drop investigation’, ISIJ International , 52, pp. 992 - 999.

Annual Report

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Kongkarat, S, Khanna, R, Koshy, P, Sahajwalla, VH, & et al, 2012, ‘Recycling Waste Polymers in EAF steelmaking: Influence of polymer composition on carbon/slag interactions’, ISIJ International , 52, pp. 385 - 393. Kuang, SB, Zou, R, Pan, RH, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Gas-solid flow and energy dissipation in inclined pneumatic conveying’, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research , 51, pp. 14289 - 14302. Kuchibhatla, S, Karakoti, A, Baer, D, Samudrala, SK, et al, 2012, ‘Influence of aging and environment on nanoparticle chemistry: Implication to confinement effects in nanoceria’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 116, pp. 14108 - 14114 7 Kummer Peiry, K, Khanna, R, & Sahajwalla, VH 2012, ‘Resource and Energy Recovery from Wastes - Perspectives for a green economy’, Environmental Policy and Law , 42, pp. 344 - 349. Kwong, WL, Savvides, N, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Electrodeposited nanostructured WO3 thin films for photoelectrochemical applications’, Electrochimica ACTA , 75, pp. 371 - 380. Lai, D, Xie, Z, Habibi, D, & Munroe, PR 2012, ‘Mechanical characterization of a novel nanocrystalline coating: First-principles calculations and nanoindentation’, Materials Characterization , 68, pp. 1 - 6. Laws, KJ, Saxey, DW, McKenzie, WR, Marceau, RKW, et al, 2012, ‘Analysis of dynamic segregation and crystallisation in Mg65Cu25Y10 bulk metallic glass using atom probe tomography’, Materials Science and Engineering A - Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing , 556, pp. 558 - 566. Laws, KJ, Shamlaye, KF, Cao, J, Scicluna, JP, & et al, 2012, ‘Locating new Mg-based bulk metallic glasses free of rare earth elements’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds , 542, pp. 105 - 110. Laws, KJ, Shamlaye, KF, Gun, B, & Ferry, M 2012, ‘Synthesis of Ag-based bulk metallic glass in the Ag-Mg-Ca-[Cu] alloy system’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds , 513, pp. 10 - 13. Li, H, Zhang, J, & Young, DJ 2012, ‘Oxidation of Fe-Si, Fe-Al and Fe-Si-Al alloys in CO2-H2O gas at 800C’, Corrosion Science , 54, pp. 127 - 138. Li, Q, Liu, Y, Wang, D, Withers, RL, et al, 2012, ‘Switching spectroscopic measurement of surface potentials on ferroelectric surfaces via an open-loop Kelvin probe force microscopy method’, Applied Physics Letters , 101, pp. Article number242906 - . Li, X, Yan, M, Wang, J, Huang, H, et al, 2012, ‘Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics and mechanical properties of Al 86Ni 6Y 4.5Co 2La 1.5 metallic glass powder’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds , 530, pp. 127 - 131. Li, Z, Munroe, PR, Jiang, Z-T, Zhao, X, et al, 2012, ‘Designing superhard, self-toughening CrAlN coatings through grain boundary engineering’, ACTA Materialia , 60, pp. 5735 - 5744. Liao, X, Yang, F, Pu, M, Zhao, Y, & et al, 2012, ‘PbS quantum dots/ZnO nanosheets composite films: Preparation and photoelectrochemical performance’, Journal of Inorganic Materials , 27, pp. 59 - 63. Lin, C. Y. W., Channei, D, Koshy, P, Nakaruk, A, & et al, 2012, ‘Effect of Fe doping on TiO2 films prepared by spin coating’, Ceramics International , 38, pp. 3943 - 3946. Lin, CY, Channei, D, Koshy, P, Nakaruk, A, & et al, 2012, ‘Multivalent Mn-doped TiO2 thin films’, Physica E - Low Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures , 44, pp. 1969 - 1972. Lin, K-S, Mai, YJ, Chiu, SW, Yang, JH, & et al, 2012, ‘Synthesis and characterization of metal hydride/carbon aerogel composites for hydrogen storage’, Journal of Nanomaterials , 2012, pp. Article number201584 - . Lin, Y, Munroe, PR, Joseph, S, & Henderson, RK 2012, ‘Migration of dissolved organic carbon in biochars and biochar-mineral complexes’, Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira , 47, pp. 677 - 686. Lin, Y, Munroe, PR, Joseph, S, Van zwieten, L, & et al, 2012, ‘Nanoscale organo-mineral reactions of biochars in a Ferrosol:An investigation using microscopy’, Plant and Soil , 357, pp. 369 380. Lin, Y, Munroe, PR, Joseph, S, Henderson, RK, & et al, 2012, ‘Water extractable organic carbon in untreated and chemical treated biochars’, Chemosphere , 87, pp. 151 - 157. Liu, P, Yang, R, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘DEM study of the transverse mixing of wet particles in rotating drums’, Chemical Engineering Science , 86, pp. 99 - 107. Liu, X, Fan, HM, Yi, J.B., Yang, Y, et al, 2012, ‘Optimization of surface coating on Fe3O4 nanoparticles for high performance magnetic hyperthermia agents’, Journal of Materials Chemistry , 22, pp. 8235 - 8244. Liu, Xiaozhen, Gen, J, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Wang, G, et al, 2012, ‘Effect of Neodymium Salt in the Anodization of Aluminum in Sulphuric Acid’, Advanced Materials Research , 415-417, pp. 1895 - 1898. Liu, Y, Vasudevan, R., Pan, K, Xie, S, et al, 2012, ‘Controlling magnetoelectric coupling by nanoscale phase transformation in strain engineered bismuth ferrite’, Nanoscale , 4, pp. 3175 3183. Lu, H, Svehla, MJ, Skalsky, M, Kong, CH, & et al, 2012, ‘Pt-Al 2O 3 interfacial bonding in implantable hermetic feedthroughs: Morphology and orientation’, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B - Applied Biomaterials , 100 B, pp. 817 - 824.

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Luo, Z, Glaum, J., Pojprapai, S, & Hoffman, MJ 2012, ‘Electrical Fatigue Induced Cracking in Lead Zirconate Titanate Piezoelectric Ceramic and Its Influence Quantitatively Analyzed by Re-Fatigue Method’, Journal of the American Ceramic Society , 95, pp. 2593 - 2600. Ma, Y, Lu, YH, Yi, J.B., Feng, YP, et al, 2012, ‘Room temperature ferromagnetism in Teflon due to carbon dangling bonds’, Nature communications , 3, pp. 1 - 8. Mcelroy, LP, Bao, J, Jayasundara, CT, Yang, R, & et al, 2012, ‘A soft-sensor approach to impact intensity prediction in stirred mills guided by DEM models’, Powder Technology , 219, pp. 151 - 157. Meier, D, Seidel, J, Cano, A, Delaney, K, et al, 2012, ‘Anisotropic conductance at improper ferroelectric domain walls’, Nature Materials , 11, pp. 284 - 288. Meng, F, Baker, I, & Munroe, PR 2012, ‘The effects of environment on the dry sliding wear of eutectic Fe 30Ni 20Mn 35Al 15’, Journal of Materials Science , 47, pp. 4827 - 4837. Miracle, DB, Laws, KJ, Senkov, ON, & Wilks, GB 2012, ‘Partial coordination numbers in binary metallic glasses’, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science , 43, pp. 2649 - 2661. Morozovska, AN, Vasudevan, R., , Kalinin SV, & et al, 2012, ‘Anisotropic conductivity of uncharged domain walls in BiFeO3’, Physical Review B , 86, pp. 085315 - 085323. Muduli, S, Game, O, Dhas, V, Vijayamohanan, K, et al, 2012, ‘TiO2-Au plasmonic nanocomposite for enhanced dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) performance’, Solar Energy , 86, pp. 1428 1434. Muzzi, L, Corato, V, Della Corte, A, De Marzi, G, et al, 2012, ‘Direct observation of Nb3Sn lattice deformation by high-energy x-ray diffraction in internal-tin wires subject to mechanical loads at 4.2K’, Superconductor Science and Technology , 25, pp. Article number: 054006 - . Naess, MK, Young, DJ, Zhang, J, Olsen, JE, & et al, 2012, ‘Active oxidation of liquid silicon: Experimental investigation of kinetics’, Oxidation of Metals , 78, pp. 363 - 376. Nakaruk, A, Lin, C. Y. W., Channei, D, Koshy, P, & et al, 2012, ‘Fe-Doped and Mn-Doped Titanium Dioxide Thin Films’, Journal of Sol - Gel Science and Technology , 61, pp. 175 - 178. Nakaruk, A, Lin, C. Y. W., Koshy, P, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Iron Doped Titania Thin Films Prepared by Spin Coating’, Advances in Applied Ceramics , 111, pp. 129 - 133. Nakaruk, A, Chen, H, Waibel, A, Koshy, P, & et al, 2012, ‘Surface Modification of Titanium Dioxide Thin Films by Manganese Doping’, e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology , 10, pp. 103 - 106. Nath, DCD, Mansuri, I, Zaharia, M, , & et al, 2012, ‘Recycling of end-of-life melamine at 1 600C for carbon dissolution into liquid iron’, ISIJ International , 52, pp. 922 - 927. Ortiz, AL, Borrero-Lopez, O, Quadir, MZ, & Guiberteau, F 2012, ‘A route for the pressureless liquid-phase sintering of SiC with low additive content for improved sliding-wear resistance’, Journal of the European Ceramic Society , 32, pp. 956 - 973. Pan, M, Feng, Y, Cheng, CH, & Zhao, Y 2012, ‘First-principles study of lattice, magnetism and electronic structure for Fe-based superconductors: LaOFeAs, AFe2As2 (A=Sr, Ca), MFeAs (M=Li, Na) and FeSe’, Rare Metal Materials and Engineering , 41, pp. 1341 - 1345. Pan, M, Huang, Z, Cheng, CH, & Zhao, Y 2012, ‘Possible coexistence of SDW state with superconductivity in Ir doped SmOFeAs’, Solid State Communications , 152, pp. 458 - 461. Pojprapai, S, Luo, Z, & Yimnirun, R 2012, ‘Frequency effect on electrical fatigue behaviour of lead zirconate titanate ceramics’, Electronics Letters , 48, pp. 1062 - 1064. Pojprapai, S, & Glaum, J. 2012, ‘The effect of temperature on bipolar electrical fatigue behavior of lead zirconate titanate ceramics’, Functional Materials Letters , 5, pp. 1250027-1 12500275. Quadir, MZ, Ferry, M, & Munroe, PR 2012, ‘Crystallography of the low angle lamellar band boundaries in ARB-processed aluminum sheet’, Materials Science Forum , 702-703, pp. 161 - 164. Rama Krishnan, P. S., Ramasse, Q. M., Liang, W, Valanoor, N, et al, 2012, ‘Effect of processing kinetics on the structure of ferromagnetic- ferroelectric-ferromagnetic interfaces’, Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. Art. no. 104102 - . Rezan, SA, Zhang, G, & Ostrovski, O 2012, ‘Carbothermal reduction and nitridation of ilmenite concentrates’, ISIJ International , 52, pp. 363 - 368. Rezan, SA, Zhang, G, & Ostrovski, O 2012, ‘Phase development in carbothermal reduction and nitridation of ilmenite concentrates’, Journal of High Temperature Materials and Processes , 31, pp. 381 - 388. Risbud, MS, Kononov, R, Bucknall, MP, Welch, B, et al, 2012, ‘Anodic and Cathodic Processes in Piperidinium-Based Ionic Liquid Mixtures with AICI3’, European Chemical Bulletin , 1, pp. 422 - 433. S.B., Chu, K, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & Vince, A 2012, ‘Numerical Study of Liquid-Gas-Solid Flow in Classifying Hydrocyclones: Effect of Feed Solids Concentration’, Minerals Engineering , 31, pp. 17 - 31.


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Sahajwalla, VH, Zaharia, M, Kongkarat, S, Khanna, R, et al, 2012, 'Recycling end-of-life polymers in an electric arc furnace steelmaking process: Fundamentals of polymer reactions with slag and metal', Energy and Fuels , 26, pp. 58 - 66. Sameie, H, Salimi, R, Alvani, AAS, Sarabi, AA, et al, 2012, 'A Nanostructure Phosphor: Effect of Process Parameters on the Photoluminescence Properties for Near-UV WLED Applications', Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials , 22, pp. 737 - 743. Seidel, J 2012, 'Directed assembly of nanoscale phase variants in highly strained BiFeO3 thin films', Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. 064102 - . Seidel, J 2012, 'Electric-field control of switchable and non-volatile magnetization in Co40Fe40B20/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 structure at room temperature', Physical Review Letters , 108, pp. 137203 - . Seidel, J, Yang, SY, Alarcon-Llado, E, Ager, JW, & et al, 2012, 'Nanoscale probing of high photovoltages at 109 domain walls', Ferroelectrics , 433, pp. 123 - 126. Seidel, J, Luo, W, Suresh, S, Nguyen, PK, et al, 2012, 'Prominent electrochromism through vacancy-order melting in a complex oxide', Nature communications , 3, pp. Art. No. 1799 - . Seidel, JP 2012, 'Domain walls as nanoscale functional elements ', Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters , 3, pp. 2905 - 2909. Selvin Thomas, P, Abdullateef, AA, Al-harthi, MA, Atieh, MA, et al, 2012, 'Electrical properties of natural rubber nanocomposites: Effect of 1-octadecanol functionalization of carbon nanotubes', Journal of Materials Science , 47, pp. 3344 - 3349. Shen, L, Yang, S-W, Xiang, S, Liu, T, et al, 2012, 'Origin of longrange ferromagnetic ordering in metal-organic frameworks with antiferromagnetic dimeric-Cu(II) building units', Journal of the American Chemical Society , 134, pp. 17286 - 17290. Simons, H, Glaum, J., Daniels, J, Studer, A, et al, 2012, 'Domain fragmentation during cyclic fatigue in 94%(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO36%BaTiO3', Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. 044101-1 044101-5. Su, D, Horvat, J, Munroe, PR, Ahn, H, et al, 2012, 'Polyhedral magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets: Facile synthesis, structural modelling, magnetic properties and application for high capacity lithium storage', Chemistry -a European Journal , 18, pp. 488 - 497. Sui, Y, Yao, B, Xiao,L, Yang, L, et al, 2012, ‘Effect of annealing temperature on structural, electrical and optical properties of BN codoped ZnO thin films’, Thin Solid Films , 520, pp. 5914 - 5917. Sullaphen, Bogle, KA, Cheng, X, Gregg, JM, & et al, 2012, ‘Interface mediated resistive switching in epitaxial NiO nanostructures’, Applied Physics Letters , 100, pp. Art. No. 203115 - . Sun, B, Liu, HK, Munroe, PR, Ahn, H, & et al, 2012, ‘Nanocomposites of CoO and a mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) as a high performance cathode catalyst for lithium-oxygen batteries’, Nano Research , 5, pp. 460 - 469. Syed Bakar, SS, Khanna, R, Kamarudin, H, & Sahajwalla, VH 2012, ‘Wettability and interfacial phenomena investigations on high-density polyethylene and petroleum coke’, Journal of Applied Polymer Science , 125, pp. 2056 - 2062. Tang, P, Kwok PCL, Tong, Z, Yang, R, et al, 2012, ‘Does the United States Pharmacopeia Throat Introduce De-agglomeration of Carrier-Free Powder from Inhalers?’, Pharmaceutical Research , pp. 1797 - 1807. Thomas, PS, Abdullateef, AA, Al-harthi, MA, Basfar, AA, et al, 2012, ‘Effect of phenol functionalization of carbon nanotubes on properties of natural rubber nanocomposites’, Journal of Applied Polymer Science , 124, pp. 2370 - 2376. Thomas, S, Thomas, SP, Zafeiropoulos, NE, Bandyopadhyay, S, et al, 2012, ‘Polystyrene/calcium phosphate nanocomposites: Morphology, mechanical, and dielectric properties’, Polymer Engineering and Science , 52, pp. 689 - 699. Thongmee, N, Watcharapasorn, A, Hoffman, MJ, & Jiansirisomboon, S 2012, ‘Ferroelectric properties of Pb(Zr 0.52Ti 0.48)O 3-Bi 3.25La 0.75Ti 3O 12 ceramics’, Ceramics International , 38, pp. S205 - S209. Tong, Z, Zeng, B, Yang, R, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & et al, 2012, ‘CFD-DEM investigation of the dispersion mechanisms in commercial dry powder inhalers’, Powder Technology , . Tsai, P-H, Al Assadi, MHN, Zhang, T.S, Ulrich, C, et al, 2012, ‘Immobilization of Na ions for substantial power factor enhancement: Site-specific defect engineering in Na0.8CoO2’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 116, pp. 4324 - 4329. Tsai, PT, Chiu, T, , , et al, 2012, ‘Carbon Nanotube Buckypaper/ MmNi5 Composite Film as Anode for Ni/MH batteries’, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 37, pp. 3491 - 3499. Valanoor, N, Okatan, MB, Roytburd, A, & Alpay, SP 2012, ‘Electrical domain morphologies in compositionally graded ferroelectric films’, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter , 24, pp. 024215 - . Vasudevan, R., Morozovska, AN, Eliseev, EA, Britson, J, et al, 2012, ‘Domain Wall Geometry Controls Conduction in Ferroelectrics’, Nano Letters , 12, pp. 5524 - 5531. Vasudevan, R., Jesse, S, Kumar, A, & Kalinin SV 2012, ‘Spectroscopic imaging in piezoresponse force microscopy: New opportunities for studying polarization dynamics in ferroelectrics and multiferroics’, MRS Communications , 2, pp. 61 - 73.

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Vodenitcharova, T, Rahmanzadeh Kabir, K, & Hoffman, MJ 2012, 'Indentation of metallic foam core sandwich panels with soft aluminium face sheets', Journal of Materials Science and Engineering A , 558, pp. 175 - 185. Vodenitcharova, T, Borrero-Lopez, OJ, & Hoffman, MJ 2012, 'Mechanics prediction of fracture pattern in scratching wafers of single-crystal silicon', Acta Materialia , 60, pp. 4448 - 4460. Wacey, D, Menon, S, Green, L, Gerstmann, D, et al, 2012, 'Taphonomy of very ancient microfossils from the 3400Ma Strelley Pool Formation and 1900Ma Gunflint Formation: New insights using a focused ion beam', Precambrian Research , 220221, pp. 234 - 250. Wang, Zhu, H.P., & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'Microdynamic Analysis of Solid Flow in a Shear Cell', Granular Matter , 14, pp. 411 - 421. Wang, BL, Hoffman, MJ, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'Buckling analysis of embedded nanotubes using gradient continuum theory', Mechanics of Materials , 45, pp. 52 - 60. Wang, BL, & Han, J-C 2012, 'Fracture mechanics associated with non-classical heat conduction in thermoelastic media', Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy , 55, pp. 493 - 504. Wang, D, Cheng, Q, Xing, GZ, Yi, J.B., et al, 2012, 'Robust roomtemperature ferromagnetism with giant anisotropy in Nd-doped Zno nanowire arrays', Nano Letters , 12, pp. 3994 - 4000. Wang, KF, & Wang, BL 2012, 'Effects of residual surface stress and surface elasticity on the nonlinear free vibration of nanoscale plates', Journal of Applied Physics , 112, pp. Article number: 013520 - . Wang, KF, & Wang, BL 2012, 'The electromechanical coupling behavior of piezoelectric nanowires: Surface and small-scale effects', Europhysics Letters , 97, pp. Art. No. 66005 - . Wang, W, Zhao, Y, Yang, X, Wang, W, & et al, 2012, 'Influence of pyrolysis atmosphere on YBa2Cu3O 7 - Z superconducting film preparation by non-fluorine chemical solution deposition method', Materials Letters , 68, pp. 429 - 431. Wang, WT, Zhao, Y, Pu, MH, Yang, XF, et al, 2012, 'High performance fluorine-free MOD YBa 2Cu 3O 7-z film preparation by partial melting process', Journal of Alloys and Compounds , 513, pp. 610 - 614. Wang, WT, Yang, XF, Pu, M, Zhang, HZ, et al, 2012, 'Influence of heat treatment on structure and superconducting properties of YBCO film by chemical solution deposition method', Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism , 25, pp. 39 - 44. Wang, X, Zhu, HP, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'Flow properties of particles in a model annular shear cell', Physics of Fluids , 24, pp. Article number: 053301 - . Wattanasakulpong, N, Prusty, BG, Kelly, DW, & Hoffman, MJ 2012, 'Free Vibration Analysis of Layered Funcationally Graded Beams with Experimental Validation', Materials and Design , 36, pp. 182 - 190. Wo, PC, Munroe, PR, Li, Z, Jiang, Z-T, et al, 2012, ‘Factors governing the mechanical behaviour of CrSiN coatings: Combined nanoindentation testing and transmission electron microscopy’, Materials Science and Engineering A - Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing , 534, pp. 297 - 308. Wu, H, Baker, I, Liu, Y, Wu, X, & et al, 2012, ‘Effects of environment on the sliding tribological behaviors of Zr-based bulk metallic glass’, Intermetallics , 25, pp. 115 - 125. Wu, X, Baker, I, Wu, H, & Munroe, PR 2012, ‘Dry sliding wear of nanostructured Fe30Ni20Mn 20Al30’, Intermetallics , 23, pp. 116 - 127. Xu, J, Lai, D, Xie, Z, Munroe, PR, & et al, 2012, ‘A critical role for Al in regulating the corrosion resistance of nanocrystalline Mo(Si1-xAlx)2 films’, Journal of Materials Chemistry , 22, pp. 2596 - 2606. Xu, J, Liu, L, Xie, Z, & Munroe, PR 2012, ‘Enhanced corrosionresistance in nanocrystalline MoSi 2 films enabled by Cr additions’, Surface and Coatings Technology , 206, pp. 4947 - 4951. Xu, J, Wu, J, Lai, D, Xie, Z, & et al, 2012, ‘Investigation on effect of alloying elements on mechanical properties of MoSi2 by first principle calculation’, Materials Science and Technology , 28, pp. 1337 - 1344. Xu, J, Liu, L, Xie, Z, & Munroe, PR 2012, ‘Nanocomposite bilayer film for resisting wear and corrosion damage of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy’, Surface and Coatings Technology , 206, pp. 4156 - 4165. Xu, W, Zeng, Q, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Young’s modulus of effective clay clusters in polymer nanocomposites’, Polymer , 53, pp. 3735 - 3740. Xu, Y, Ao, Z, & Yuan, D 2012, ‘First-principles study of nitrogendoped CuAlO 2’, Physics Letters, Section A , 376, pp. 2613 2616. Yan, D, Guo, Z, Zhu, G, Yang, H, et al, 2012, ‘Electrochemical properties of 3D MnO2 film prepared by chemical bath deposition at room temperature’, Materials Letters , 82, pp. 156 - 158. Yan, F, Xing, GZ, Islam, Md AU, Li, SS, & et al, 2012, ‘Orientationdependent surface potential behavior in Nb-doped BiFeO 3’, Applied Physics Letters , 100, pp. Article number: 172901 - . Yan, M, Liu, Y, Liu, Y. B., Kong, CH, et al, 2012, ‘Simultaneous gettering of oxygen and chlorine and homogenization of the phase by rare earth hydride additions to a powder metallurgy Ti-2.25Mo-1.5Fe alloy’, Scripta Materialia , 67, pp. 491 - 494.

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Yang, C, Seidel, J, Valanoor, N, Kan, D, & et al, 2012, ‘Doping BiFeO3: approaches and enhanced functionality’, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics , 14, pp. 15953 - 15962. Yang, D, Guo, Z, Zhu, G, Yu, Z.Q, et al, 2012, ‘MnO2 film with three-dimensional structure prepared by hydrothermal process for supercapacitor’, Journal of Power Sources , 199, pp. 409 412. Yang, H, Zhu, G, Yuan, L, Zhang, C, et al, 2012, ‘Characterization and luminescence properties of YAG: Ce3+ phosphors by molten salt synthesis’, Journal of the American Ceramic Society , 95, pp. 49 - 51. Yang, H, Zhu, G, Yuan, L, Zhang, C, et al, 2012, ‘Preparation and luminescent properties of Y 2.9Ce 0.1Al 5O 12 nano-phosphors by hydrothermal treatment and post-annealing process’, Materials Letters , 88, pp. 9 - 11. Yang, M , Wang, JQ, Kong, C, Schaffer, GB, & et al, 2012, ‘Micrometer-sized quasicrystals in the Al 85Ni 5Y 6Co 2Fe 2 metallic glass: A TEM study and a brief discussion on the formability of quasicrystals in bulk and marginal glass-forming alloys’, Journal of Materials Research , 27, pp. 2131 - 2139. Yang, XF, Yang, L Q, Cheng, CH, & Zhao, Y 2012, ‘Magnetic phase transition in La 0.7Sr 0.3MnO 3/Ta 2O 5 ceramic composites’, Ceramics International , 38, pp. 2575 - 2578. Yang, XH, Fu, H, Jiang, X, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Large-surface mesoporous TiO 2 nanoparticles: Synthesis, growth and photocatalytic performance’, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science , 387, pp. 74 - 83. Yang, Y, Liu, X, Yi, J.B., Yang, Y, et al, 2012, ‘Stable vortex magnetite nanorings colloid: Micromagnetic simulation and experimental demonstration’, Journal of Applied Physics , 111, pp. 044303 - 044311. Ye, Z, Gupta, Sushil, Kerkkonen, O, Kanniala, R, & et al, 2012, ‘Transformation of silicon-bearing coke minerals in blast furnace’, Iron and Steel Technology , 9, pp. 39 - 49. Yi, J.B., Bao, N, Fan, HM, Qin, XB, et al, 2012, ‘Vacancy-induced room-temperature ferromagnetism in GaTiO2’, Scripta Materialia , 66, pp. 821 - 824. Yin H., Chan, SLI, Yuen, D, & Young, D 2012, ‘Temperature Effects on the Oxidation of Low Carbon Steel in N2-H2-H2O at 8001200C’, Oxidation of Metals , 77, pp. 305 - 323. Young, DJ, Chyrkin, A, & Quadakkers, WJ 2012, ‘A simple expression for predicting the oxidation limited life of thin components manufactured from FCC high temperature alloys’, Oxidation of Metals , 77, pp. 253 - 264. Young, DJ 2012, ‘Diffusion in internal oxidation reactions’, Defect and Diffusion Forum , 323-325, pp. 283 - 288. Young, DJ, Yin H., & Yuen, D 2012, ‘Effects of water vapour and oxygen partial pressures on low carbon steel oxidation in N2H2-H2O mixtures’, Materials and Corrosion - Werkstoffe und Korrosion , 63, pp. 869 - 877. Young, DJ, & Zhang, J 2012, ‘Metal dusting: Catastrophic corrosion by carbon’, JOM , 64, pp. 1461 - 1469. Younis, A, Chu, D, & Li, SS 2012, ‘Oxygen level: The dominant of resistive switching characteristics in cerium oxide thin films’, Journal of Physics D - Applied Physics , 45, pp. Art. No. 355101 - . Younis, A, Chu, D, Tan, TT, & Li, SS 2012, ‘Resistive Switching Behaviors in Electrodeposited BaTiOF4 Nanorod Layers’, Solid State Communications , 156, pp. 38 - 40. Yu, AB, Cao, C, & 2012, ‘Evaluation of Effective Thermal Conductivity of Fiber-Reinforced Composites’, International Journal of Architecture, Engineering and Construction , 1, pp. 14 - 29. Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Jayasundara, CT, & Yang, R 2012, ‘Effect of the size of media on grinding performance in stirred mills’, Minerals Engineering , 33, pp. 66 - 71. Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), , Guo, Z.L., Zhu, G.S., et al, 2012, ‘MnO2 Film with 3D structure prepared by hydrothermal process for supercapacitor’, Journal of Power Sources , 199, pp. 409 - 412. Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Austin, P, Zulli, P, & Shen, Y 2012, ‘Modelling in-furnace phenomena of pulverized coal injection in ironmaking blast furnace: Effect of coke bed porosities’, Minerals Engineering , 33, pp. 54 - 65. Yu, H, Lu, C, Tieu, KA, Liu, X, et al, 2012, ‘Asymmetric cryorolling for fabrication of nanostructural aluminum sheets’, Scientific Reports , 2, pp. Art. No. 772 - . Yu, Z, Yan, C-P, Yan, Y, Zhang, Y-X, et al, 2012, ‘Effect of annealing temperature on properties of RF sputtered Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films’, Applied Surface Science , 258, pp. 8527 - 8532. Yu, Z, Yan, C, Huang, T, Huang, W, et al, 2012, ‘Influence of sputtering power on composition, structure and electrical properties of RF sputtered CuIn 1-xGa xSe 2 thin films’, Applied Surface Science , 258, pp. 5222 - 5229. Yu, Z, Liu, L, Yan, Y, Zhang, Y-X, et al, 2012, ‘Properties of different temperature annealed Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 and Cu(In,Ga) 2Se 3.5 films prepared by RF sputtering’, Applied Surface Science , 261, pp. 353 - 359. Yue, J, Jiang, X, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Molecular Dynamics study on Metal-Deposited Iron Oxide Nanostructures and Their Gas Adsorption Behaviour’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 116, pp. 8145 - 8153.

108 School of Materials Science and Engineering

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Yunos, NFM, Zaharia, M, Idris, MA, Nath, DCD, et al, 2012, 'Recycling Agricultural Waste from Palm Shells during Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking', Energy and Fuels , 26, pp. 278 - 286. Zeng, Q, Wong, K, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Au-TiO2 Catalysts: Deposition of Gold Nanoclusters on Rutile (110) Surface', Advanced Materials Research , 418-420, pp. 870 - 875. Zhang, C, Peng, X, Guo, Z, Cai, C, et al, 2012, 'Carbon-coated SnO 2/graphene nanosheets as highly reversible anode materials for lithium ion batteries', Carbon , 50, pp. 1897 - 1903. Zhang, C, Feng, CQ, Zhang, P, Guo, Z, et al, 2012, 'K0.25Mn2O4 nanofiber microclusters as high power cathode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries', RSC Advances , 2, pp. 1643 1649. Zhang, J, & Young, DJ 2012, 'Contributions of Carbon Permeation and Graphite Nucleation to the Austenite Dusting Reaction: A Study of Model Fe-Ni-Cu Alloys', Corrosion Science , 56, pp. 184 - 193. Zhang, J, Speck, P, & Young, DJ 2012, 'Metal Dusting of AluminaForming Creep-Resistant Austenitic Stainless Steels', Oxidation of Metals , 77, pp. 167 - 187. Zhang, WH, Zhu, G, Zhi, L, Yang, H, et al, 2012, 'Structural, electrical and optical properties of indium tin oxide thin films prepared by RF sputtering using different density ceramic targets', Vacuum , 86, pp. 1045 - 1047. Zhang, Y, Al Assadi, MHN, & Li, SS 2012, 'Giant stability of substituent Co chains in ZnO:Co dilute magnetic oxides’, AIP Advances , 2, pp. 042155 - . Zhang, YX, & Wang, BL 2012, ‘Thermal shock of semi-infinite cellular ceramics’, Advanced Materials Research , 476-478, pp. 1041 - 1045. Zhao, J, Li, Zou, R, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘A numerical investigation of the random packing of spherocylinders’, Soft Matter , 8, pp. 1003 - 1009. Zhao,J, , Zou, R, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Dense random packings of spherocylinders’, Soft Matter , 8, pp. 1003 - 1009. Zheng, QJ, Zhu, HP, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Finite element analysis of the contact forces between a viscoelastic sphere and rigid plane’, Powder Technology , 226, pp. 130 - 142. Zhu, H, Jiang, Y, Yao, YL, Song, J, et al, 2012, ‘Reaction pathways, activation energies and mechanical properties of hybrid composites synthesized in-situ from Al-TiO 2-C powder mixtures’, Materials Chemistry and Physics , 137, pp. 532 - 542.

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Abdullah, HZ, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Gel oxidation of titanium and effect of UV irradiation on precipitation of hydroxyapatite from simulated body fluid’, 2nd International Conference on Key Engineering Materials, ICKEM 2012, Singapore, 26-28 February, 2012, . Abdullah, HZ, & Sorrell, CC 2012, ‘Titanium dioxide (TiO 2) films by anodic oxidation in phosphoric acid’, 2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010, Kuala Lumpur, 29 November- 1st December, . Abu Kassim, M, Crosky, AG, & Ruys, D 2012, ‘Water absorption and modification of kenaf and flax fibres’, 2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010, Kuala Lumpur, 29 November- 1st December, . Afrin, N., Quadir, MZ, Bassman, L, Driver, JH, et al, 2012, ‘On the bumps and curves in the microband boundaries in a channel-die compressed Goss-oriented Ni single crystal’, 16th International Conference on Textures of Materials, ICOTOM 16, Mumbai, India, 12-17 December, 2011, Bandyopadhyay, S, & Chang, L 2012, ‘An understanding of properties of CNT-reinforced epoxy composites from research published in the literature’, Composites and Nanocomposites in Civil, Offshore and Mining Infrastructure, Monash University, Melbourne, 14 - 16 Nov 2012. Bandyopadhyay, S, & Pan, H 2012, ‘Analysis of the strain rate and temperature effects data on mechanical properties/fracture properties of thermoset resins and their composites’, Composites and Nanocomposites in Civil, Offshore and Mining Infrastructure, Monash University, Melbourne, 14 - 16 Nov 2012. Bandyopadhyay, S, Banerjee, SA, Hajra, P, Mada, M, & et al, 2012, ‘Creep behaviour in Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4-BaTiO3 nanocomposites’, National Conference on Resent Development and Applications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Techno India, Kolkata, 2012, Bandyopadhyay, S, Banerjee, SA, Hajra, P, Mada, M, & et al, 2012, ‘Nanoindentation Studies of Nickel Zinc Ferrite Embedded Mesoporous Silica template’, DAE-SSPS 2012 AIP Con proc 1512, India, 2012. Bandyopadhyay, S, Saha, DR, Hajra, P, Mada, M, et al, 2012, ‘Nanoindentation Studies on Composites of CuONanoparticlesLithia Silica Nanoglass’, AIP Conference Proceedings, India, 2012, Bassman, L, George, C, Quadir, MZ, Afrin, N., et al, 2012, ‘Study of the true nature of microband boundaries in aluminum with 3D EBSD’, 16th International Conference on Textures of Materials, ICOTOM 16, Mumbai, India, 12-17 December, 2011, .


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Chu, K, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, 'A Novel circulating fluidized bed to improve solids-fluid contacting', Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, . Chu, K, Kuang, SB, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), & Vince, M 2012, 'CFD-DEM Study of the Multiphase Flow in a Dense Medium Cyclone: Prediction of Wear', Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, . Crosky, AG, Smith, BR, Elias, E, Cheng, H, et al, 2012, 'Stress corrosion cracking failure of rockbolts in underground mines in Australia', 7th International Symposium on Rockbolting and Rock Mechanics in Mining, Aachen, Germany, 30-31 May 2012, . Ferry, M, Quadir, MZ, Afrin, N., Bassman, L, et al, 2012, 'The application of 3D-EBSD for investigating texture development in metals and alloys', 16th International Conference on Textures of Materials, ICOTOM 16, Mumbai, India, 12-17 December, 2011, . Ghodrat, Kuang, SB, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Vince, M, et al, 2012, 'CFD Study of the multiphase flow in classifying hydrocyclone: effect of cone geometry', Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, . Guo, B, Ye, X, Liu, D, & Yu, AB 2012, 'APPLICATION OF MULTISCALE APPROACH IN THE GAS FLOW SIMULATION THROUGH ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS', Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, . Guo, B, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Li, L, & Ye, X 2012, 'Gaspowder flow simulation in an electrostatic precipitator with electric field', Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, H.C. Pham, Hanaor, DAH, Cox, J, & Sorrell, CC 2012, 'Deposition is Nanocrystalline TiO2 Thin Films on Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) at 30', IEEE International Conference on Applied Superconductivity and Electromagnetic Devices, Sydney, 14-16 December 2011, . Hewakuruppu, Y., Dombrovsky, L, Timchenko, V, Yeoh, GH, et al, 2012, 'Optimisation of Metallic Nanoshell Suspensions for Radiation Experiments', 23rd International Symposium on Transport Phenomena, Auckland, New Zealand, 1922 November 2012 , . Huynh, CP, Hanaor, DAH, Cox, J, & Sorrell, CC 2012, 'Well Adhered, Nanocrystalline, Photoactive, TiO2, Thin Films Dip-Coated on Corona-Treated Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) by Modified SolGel Processing at ~95oC and Drying at ~130oC’, Advances in Synthesis, Processing, and Applications of Nanostructures Materials Science and Technology 2011 Conference, MS and T 2011, Columbus, OH, 16-20 October, 2011, . Idris, M, Vodenitcharova, T, & Hoffman, MJ 2012, ‘Metal foam sandwich composites: Contact damage, remnant bending strength and energy absorption’, International Conference on Advanced Materials, Isfahan, Iran, 30-31 May , . Ionescu, M, Photongkam, P., Siegele, R, Li, SS, & et al, 2012, ‘Fabrication and characterisation of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors thin films using ion beams’, 7th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC’2011, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1, 2011 - August 5, 2011, . Khanna, R, Sahajwalla, VH, & Seetharaman, S 2012, ‘Reduction reactions in the Al2O3-C-Fe system at 1550C: a novel approach to produce Fe-Al alloys’, International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmaking, Dresden, Germany, Oct 1-3, 2012, . Li, H, Zhang, J, & Young, DJ 2012, ‘Temperature effect on oxidation of binary Fe-Si and Fe-Al alloys in CO2-H2O gas atmosphere’, Annual Conference of the Australasian Corrosion Association 2012, Melbourne, VIC., 11 November 2012 to 14 November 2012, . Li, XF, & Wang, BL 2012, ‘Bending and fracture properties of small scale elastic beams - A nonlocal analysis’, 2012 International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Materials, ICMEM 2012, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, 15-16 January, 2012, . Liu, Xiaozhen, Liu, Z, Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B), Wang, G, et al, 2012, ‘Effect of Praseodymium Salt on Properties of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Films’, 2011 International Conference on Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering (ICCMME 2011), Beihai, China, 23-25 December 2011, . Mulaudzi, F, Cornish, L, Slabbert, G, Papo, J, & et al, 2012, ‘An investigation of metal dusting corrosion of alloys N06025 and N08800’, Corrosion 2012, Salt Lake City, UT, 11-15 March 2012, . Retraint, D, Quadir, MZ, Xu, W, Waltz, L, & et al, 2012, ‘Microstructural investigation of co-rolled nanocrystalline stainless steel sheets’, 16th International Conference on Textures of Materials, ICOTOM 16, Mumbai, India, 12-17 December, 2011, . Slabbert, G, Mulaudzi, F, Cornish, L, Papo, J, & et al, 2012, ‘The Effect of Carbide-Forming Elements on the Metal Dusting Rate in Hydocarbon Environments’, Corrosion and Prevention 2012, Melbourne, 2012, . Slabbert, G, Mulaudzi, F, Cornish, L, Papo, MJ, & et al, 2012, ‘The effect of carbide-forming elements on the metal dusting rate in refineries’, Annual Conference of the Australasian Corrosion Association 2012, Melbourne, VIC., 11 November 2012 to 14 November 2012, .

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Sullow, S, Wolter, AUB, Muller, JA, Lang, M, et al, 2012, ‘The crystal structure of polycrystalline powder?-(BEDT-TTF) 2Cu[N(CN)2]Br studied by high energy x-ray diffraction’, International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, Cambridge, UK, 29 August3 September 2011, . Sun, Y, Lu, C, Tieu, AK, Zhao, Y, et al, 2012, ‘Fracture behaviours of TiN and TiN/Ti multilayer coatings on Ti substrate during nanoindentation’, 141st Annual Meeting and Exhibition, TMS 2012, Orlando, FL, 11-15 March, 2012, . Tjakra, JD, Hudon, N, Bao, J, & Yang, R 2012, ‘Dynamical Modeling of the collective dynamics of Particulate System Based on a DEM-Markov Chains Approach’, 5th Asian Particle Technology Symposium, Singapore, 2-5 July 2012 , . Tjakra, JD, Bao, J, Hudon, N, & Yang, R 2012, ‘Modeling of Polydisperse Particulate systems Collective dynamics via a Stochastic Approach’, Chemeca2012, Wellington, NZ, 23-26 September 2012, . Tjakra, JD, Bao, J, Hudon, N, & Yang, R 2012, ‘Studies of particulate system dynamics in rotating drums using markov chains’, 8th International Symposium on Advanced Control of Chemical Processes, ADCHEM 2012, Singapore;, 10-13 July, 2012, . Vandermaat, D, Elias, E, Tang, Z, Craig, P, et al, 2012, ‘Coupon testing for field assessment of stress corrosion cracking of rockbolts’, 31st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, Morgantown, WV, USA, 31 Jul - 2 Aug 2012, . Vandermaat, D, Elias, E, Craig, P, Saydam, S, et al, 2012, ‘Experimental protocol for Stress Corrosion Cracking of rockbolts’, Coal 2012: 12th Coal Operators Conference, University of Wollongong, 16-17 February 2012, . Wahyudi, H, Chu, K, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘CFDDEM study of the gas-solids flows in a fluidized bed with an immersed cylinder: pseudo-2D vs 3D models’, Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, . Wang, K, & Wang, BL 2012, ‘Surface effects on the buckling of piezoelectric nanobeams’, 2012 International Conference on Nanotechnology Technology and Advanced Materials, ICNTAM 2012, Hong Kong, 12-13 April, 2012, . Xing, M, Guo, B, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Effect of EHD secondary flow on the particle collection in a wire-plate ESP’, Ninth International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December, 2012, Xu, MH, & Wang, BL 2012, ‘Electromechanical analysis of a beam piezoelectric transducer energy harvest device’, 2nd International Conference on Advances in Materials and Manufacturing Processes, ICAMMP 2011, Guilin, China, 16-18 December, 2011, . Xu, W, Robin, L, Laws, KJ, Zheng, R, & et al, 2012, ‘The redistribution and alignment of crystalline flakes in a bulk metallic glass composite during thermoplastic forming’, 16th International Conference on Textures of Materials, ICOTOM 16, Mumbai, India, 12-17 December, 2011, . Xu, X, Meng, F, Baker, I, Wu, H, & et al, 2012, ‘An Overview of Dry Sliding Wear of Two-Phase FeNiMnAl Alloys’, Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, USA, Nov 28th - Dec 2nd 2012, . Zhang, J, Li, H, Kong, CH, & Young, DJ 2012, ‘Carburisation of Fe-Al alloys in high and low carbon activity gases at high temperatures’, Annual Conference of the Australasian Corrosion Association 2012, Melbourne, VIC., 11 November 2012 to 14 November 2012, .20 Zhang, J, & Young, DJ 2012, ‘Effect of Copper on the Dusting of Fe-Ni Alloys’, 221st Electrochemical Society Meeting, Seattle, WA USA, 6-10 May 2012, . Zhang, Y, Li, SS, & Goh, GKL 2012, ‘Lateral epitaxial overgrowth of ZnO films on a seed layer buffered MgAl2O4 substrate in water’, The 3rd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, Shenzhen China, 5 - 8 December 2011, . Zhang, YX, & Wang, BL 2012, ‘Thermal shock of semi-infinite cellular ceramics’, 3rd International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Engineering, ICMSE 2012, Xiamen, 27 March-29 March, 2012, . Zhu, H, Xia, B, & Yu, AB (or Yu A, or Yu A-B) 2012, ‘Force propagation of flow of granular materials through an orifice in start up stage’, 3rd International Conference on Applied Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, ICAMME 2012, Macau;, 14 - 15 November, 2012, .

Annual Report

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Thank you to our Industry Partners and Sponsors

Thompson Family Sir Rupert Myers

110 School of Materials Science and Engineering


School of Materials Science and Engineering UNSW Sydney NSW 2052 Australia Address: School of Materials Science and Engineering (E8) The University of New South Wales Sydney NSW 2052 Australia Enquiries Tel: +61 (0)2 9385 7298 Fax: +61 (0)2 9385 6565 Email: asmith@materials.unsw.edu.au Web: http://www.materials.unsw.edu.au Design and Project Coordinator Courtenay Atwell Photography Courtenay Atwell Emeritus Professor Mike Gal Courtesy UNSW Archives

Annual Report

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