TABLE OF CONTENTS Welcome
Indonesia at a Glance
The UN in Indonesia
Pulse Lab Jakarta
WELCOME Dear Friends, I welcome you to explore the story of the UN in Indonesia. Our team has created this brochure for partners, Government, civil society, the private sector, donors, NGOs, and, especially, the people of Indonesia. The information will serve as both resource and inspiration as we strive together to improve the quality of life for all. The UN partners with Indonesia and its people to address the lagging Millennium Development Goals. With the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agreed upon by UN member states, the development agenda for the next 15 years is established â€“ an agenda that promotes inclusive human development and strives for equitable growth for all vulnerable, marginalized, and disadvantaged people. We look forward to working with you to achieve the SDGs in Indonesia, a vibrant middle-income country that has made significant development progress.
We appreciate the strong partnerships with Indonesiaâ€™s ministries and agencies to support the Indonesian people whom we both serve. I am grateful to our development partners who make our work in the country possible by providing invaluable support and dedication. Thank you to all â€“ whom we consider our family â€“ for your contributions. We encourage opportunities to create innovative partnerships and greater collaboration in our future work together.
Douglas Broderick United Nations Resident Coordinator Indonesia August 2016
INDONESIA AT A GLANCE Indonesiaâ€™s population of 252 million people live amid 17,508 islands. This diverse country, the worldâ€™s largest archipelago, is home to hundreds of distinct ethnic groups, as well as hundreds of languages. The country has experienced significant economic growth in the last decade, and its middle class continues to expand. Indonesia is now categorized as a lower middle-income country, and between 2009 and 2013 annual GDP growth was 5.8 percent. With a rising middle class expected to reach 135 million people by 2020, the country is challenged with widening inequality. Indonesia has made steady progress in achieving many Millennium Development Goals, including reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty from 24% in 1999 to 11,3% in 2014, increasing primary school enrollment rates, and
curbing the spread of diseases such as tuberculosis. Yet despite these successes, work needs to be done to reduce maternal mortality, the rate of HIV/AIDS, and to improve food security and nutrition. The Indonesian Government Is committed to addressing the remaining development challenges through achieving progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the coming years. Climate change and deforestation remain pivotal issues. Indonesia is one of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters and home to the third largest tropical forest in the world. The Government has set the impressive goal of reducing its emissions by 26 percent below the “business as usual” level by 2020. Indonesia continues to be a rising power both in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the G20, and has Southeast Asia’s biggest economy, with a Gross Domestic Product of $888.5 billion in 2014.
THE UN IN INDONESIA The UN in Indonesia is comprised of 28 agencies each with their own mandate and area of expertise. In 2016, 1,066 employees (85% national staff and 15% international staff) manage an estimated programmatic budget of USD $130 million. The United Nations support Indonesia’s 252 million people through its work on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs are reflected in the Indonesia – UN Partnership for Development Framework that is based on the Government’s National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN 2015 – 2019).
UN Agencies in Indonesia: FAO, IAEA, IFAD, ILO, IOM, ITU, Pulse Lab Jakarta, UNAIDS, UNCAPSA, UNDP, UNDSS, UNEP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UN-Habitat, UNHCR, UNIC, UNICEF, UNICRI, UNIDO, UN OCHA, UNODC, UNOPS, UNU-EHS, UNV, UN Women, WFP and WHO.
Facts and figures on Indonesian development: • • • • • • •
Unemployment rate decreased from 11% in 2005 to 5.94% in 2014 Indonesia is the only representative of South-East Asia in the G20 Poverty has been reduced from 24% in 1999 to 11.3% in 2014, but 28 million people still live under the national poverty line In 2014, poverty rates were 8.3% in urban areas and 14.3% in rural areas. Young people make up over 25% of Indonesia’s population Indonesia has reached nearly 100% primary school enrolment Indonesia is ranked 72 out of 109 countries in terms of food scarcity and food security. Stunting rates remain high at 37% nationally.
The Indonesia - United Nations partnership for Development Framework (UNPDF 2016 - 2020) In Indonesia, the equivalent of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) is the UNPDF – the Indonesia-UN Partnership for Development Framework. The name highlights the equal partnership between the Government of Indonesia and the UN and is the result of a strong collaboration. The UNPDF addresses development for all people and all regions, in particular the most disadvantaged regions, to ensure that the vulnerable, disadvantaged and marginalized are not left behind. The UNPDF is a high-level, strategic development framework that shows how the UN jointly addresses Indonesia’s most pressing development challenges. It is based on the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN 2015- 2019) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The current UNPDF has four outcomes: Outcome 1: Poverty Reduction, Equitable Sustainable Development, Livelihoods ad Decent Work Outcome 2: Equitable Access to Social Services and Social Protection Outcome 3: Environmental Sustainability and Enhanced Resilience to Shocks Outcome 4: Improved Governance and Equitable Access to Justice for All
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) On 25 September 2015, countries adopted a set of goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the framework that will guide the UN’s and the Government’s development efforts in the next 15 years. The UN is committed to supporting the Government in implementing the SDGs in Indonesia and work with the Government on localizing the SDGs. NO POVERTY
AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY
DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
LIFE BELOW WATER
GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE
LIFE ON LAND
PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS
CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION
SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND COMMUNITIES
RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION
PARTNERSHIPS FOR THE GOALS
The main aim of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) country offices, which are headed by an FAO Representative, is to assist governments to develop policies, programmes and projects to reduce hunger and malnutrition, improve agricultural practices, and sustain fisheries, forests, and other environmental and natural resources in a sustainable way. In order to do this, the FAO country office in Indonesia: •
Develops and promotes strategies towards the achievement of national food security, agriculture and rural development objectives
Develops and implements field programmes and projects in cooperation with government, local stakeholders and donor representatives
Helps governments to strengthen the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises, to assess damage following disasters, and to assist with reconstruction and rehabilitation of the food and agricultural sectors
Carries out public awareness campaigns and encourages knowledge exchange towards the eradication of hunger and malnutrition
Provides logistical and administrative support to technical missions and joint FAO/development bank investment missions
Serves as the channel of FAO’s services to governments and other partners
Informs the FAO Headquarters of major social and economic developments
Represents FAO before host governments and all partners engaged in the food and agricultural sectors (including in fisheries and forestry)
By 2015, over 650 programmes and projects have been implemented by FAO throughout Indonesia with the assistance of more than 1,600 experts and consultants (both national and international). 10
The IAEA is an international organization that serves as, inter alia, the global focal point for nuclear cooperation. The Agency assists its member states in the peaceful application of nuclear science and technology, in addition to developing nuclear safety standards, fostering information exchange, and contributing to human health. Through its main service-delivery mechanism, the Technical Cooperation programme, the IAEA is collaborating with the Government of Indonesia in support of its socio-economic development objectives. As enumerated in the Country Programme Framework with Indonesia, which outlines a fiveyear strategy linking nuclear technology to national priorities, collaboration between the IAEA and Indonesia emphasizes: • • • • • •
Food and agriculture Human health Energy Natural resources and environment Industry and radiation safety Nuclear safety and security
Using a variety of nuclear techniques – including mutation breeding and isotopic tracers for soil and water management – the IAEA is helping to improve both the yield and quality of foodstuffs by enhancing the
diversification and adaptability of crops for enhanced agricultural productivity in Indonesia. With the assistance of the IAEA, Indonesia is working toward expanding access to radiation therapy and nuclear medicine for cancer management. With the Agency’s assistance, Indonesia is currently applying nuclear techniques for climate change research, and for assessing and monitoring air quality and ocean acidification. As Indonesia studies the feasibility of introducing small and medium reactors for electricity generation, the IAEA has been assisting the National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) by providing the required expertise and training regulators, nuclear experts, and managers. By advising and training national experts, the IAEA assists in continually improving the safety and security of radioactive materials and sources in Indonesia. Indonesia currently participates and benefits from 61 regional IAEA projects, which range from climate-proofing rice production to strengthening occupational radiation protections.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is the only international financial institution in the UN system. IFAD invests in rural people, empowering them to reduce poverty, increase food security, improve nutrition and strengthen resilience. Since 1980, IFAD has extended loans to Indonesia for 16 programmes and projects totaling US$1.6 billion, reaching women and men in the most remote and poorest areas of the country. In addition, IFAD has funded a number of country and regional grants to support investment projects in the country, particularly in the areas of policy analysis, capacity building and South-South and Triangular Cooperation. With its interventions, IFAD aims at supporting the government in achieving its development targets related to the agricultural and fisheries sectors. It also aims to empower smallholder producers to become more productive and better integrated with markets to achieve enhanced food security, increased incomes and reduce poverty and vulnerability. More than 35 years of partnership between IFAD and the Government of Indonesia show that: • IFAD transforms rural areas with innovative development models that empower rural communities, increase productivity and strengthen access to inputs and markets. Once these models are tested successfully and fine-tuned in different socio-economic contexts, they are scaled up through national programmes, expanding the benefits throughout the country. • IFAD’s projects are successful in the most remote and vulnerable areas of the country that also usually have the highest incidence of poverty. In Papua, for example, where many development projects have had very limited success, the IFAD-supported PNPM Rural Agriculture promoted community assistance, better farming techniques and empowered women to take up income generating activities. • IFAD supports coastal communities by decreasing their vulnerability to climate change shocks and by increasing their income from fisheries activities. Fish-
eries has a large potential to improve food security and enhance economic growth Indonesia. By applying an integrated approach, IFAD ensures that all members of the community benefit. • IFAD has successfully brokered a number of public-private-partnerships, both with international corporations and national companies in order to maximise impact and resources, increasing access for smallholder farmers to inputs, services and markets. Given Indonesia’s significant commodities production potential, collaboration with the private sector is seen as a priority. • IFAD supports an enabling policy framework. An effective agricultural and fisheries sector requires a supportive regulatory and policy environment. IFAD has the knowledge, international experience and resources to support the development of effective programmes and policies for smallholders. Visit www.ifad.org for information on operations, stories from the field and background on rural development in Indonesia.
International Labour Organization The United Nations International Labour Organization (ILO) is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Its main aims are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue in handling work related issues. The Agency works in a unique tripartite structure with key drivers in the world of work – governments, trade unions, and employer organizations of the 185 member states – in its decision-making process and programme implementation. In bringing together these three stakeholder groups to set labour standards, supervise their implementation, raise awareness, develop policies and devise programmes, the ILO aims to ensure that its efforts are rooted in the needs of working women and men. Indonesia has collaborated very closely with the ILO since becoming an ILO member state on 12 June 1950. ILO works in close collaboration with the Ministry of Manpower, the Indonesian Employers’ Organization (Apindo) and the three major trade union confederations – All Indonesian Workers Union Confederation (KSPSI), Confederation of Indonesian Prosperity Labour Union (KSBSI) and Indonesian Trade Union Confederation (KSPI).
Photo by ILO/A. Mirza
International Organization for Migration IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by promoting international cooperation on migration issues, assisting governments and non-government support services in the search of practical solutions to migration challenges, and providing humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, be they refugees, displaced persons, trafficked victims or other uprooted people. IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and addressing forced migration. Cross-cutting activities include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.
Indonesia programme Indonesia is a prime source, destination, and transit country for migrants. It also experiences important internal migration flows due to constant labour movements, natural disasters and conflicts. Today, IOM is operating 22 suboffices across the country with more than 270 staff members working on a wide range of migration management projects. Working in
close partnership with national and sub-national authorities, IOM Indonesia helps the Government of Indonesia to develop and implement labour migration management policy, legislation and administrative mechanisms through providing technical assistance and capacity-building support including in relation to the protection of migrant workers and the promotion of safe migration. IOM Indonesia also operates a national countertrafficking programme through a comprehensive approach encompassing trafficking prevention, education and community empowerment; protection of victims (both Indonesians and foreign) and prosecution of traffickers. IOM also assists the Government of Indonesia in its continuing efforts to monitor and regulate the movement of irregular migrants through its territory. Under the overall programmatic strategy of rendering migrant care assistance, IOM Indonesia provides social counseling, medical care, food and shelter support to intercepted migrants – including unaccompanied minors – and assists those who wish to return home voluntarily. Acknowledging the increased incidence and severity of natural disasters in Indonesia and their far-reaching socio-economic impacts on local communities, IOM Indonesia is also actively providing capacity-building support on disaster management to both government (i.e. BNPB, BPBDs) and non-government partners through trainings, policy planning and budgeting support, data management support, community empowerment and infrastructure support in the form of Operational Emergency Centres. Lastly, IOM’s commitment to improve the quality of services provided by government institutions is also reflected in its programme to reform the Indonesian National Police and support community policing efforts.
International Telecommunication Union ITU is the United Nations’ specialised agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, ITU operates twelve regional offices to support its global mission. ITU allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops technical standards to ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strives to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide. ITU is committed to connecting all the world’s people wherever they live and whatever their means. ITU protects and supports everyone’s fundamental right to communicate. Today, ICTs underpin everything we do. They help manage and control emergency services, water supplies, power networks, and food distribution chains. They support health care, education, government services, financial markets, transportation systems, and environmental management. Furthermore, they allow people to communicate with colleagues, friends and family anytime and almost anywhere. ITU is unique among UN agencies because it includes both public and private sector members. In addition to the 193 Member States, ITU membership includes ICT regulators, leading academic institutions, and some 700 private companies. In an increasingly interconnected world, ITU is the single global organization embracing all players in this dynamic and fast-growing sector. ITU’s work in Indonesia falls under the following thematic priorities: • • • • •
Broadband Climate Change Emergency Telecommunications Cybersecurity Accessibility
UN Global Pulse Global Pulse is a flagship innovation initiative of the United Nations Secretary-General on data innovation, launched in response to the need for more timely information on sustainable development and humanitarian action. Pulse Lab Jakarta was established in 2012 as a joint initiative between the Government of Indonesia and the UN as Asia’s first Global Pulse Lab. Data Innovation Pulse Lab Jakarta (PLJ) is a dynamic team of data scientists, engineers, designers and policy specialists. To date it has delivered a series of high-profile projects such as Haze Gazer and the National Citizen Feedback Dashboard. In doing so it has established itself as a local market leader in big data analytics and in developing platforms for real-time sensing. As public policy and development praxis shifts from modernist notions of problem-solution relationships to a more nuanced understanding of complexity, risk and resilience, the importance of platforms for real-time sensing will increase. Tools that blend machine-generated data (from satellites, mobile phones, internet activity and data-analytic algorithms) with local knowledge actively generated and communicated by citizens are already increasing the agility and effectiveness of public administration. These new approaches deliver: 1. Enhanced early warning: earlier detection of anomalies, trends and events allows earlier response to emerging crises 2. Real-time awareness: a more accurate and up-to-date picture of assets and needs leads to more effective program planning and implementation 3. Rapid impact evaluation: more timely data allows for rapid, adaptive course correction in development programmes and policies Connect and collaborate Pulse Lab Jakarta is a space for collaboration, experimentation and learning. It works with an array of partners and supports its network by providing: • • • • • • •
Updates on the latest technology trends and the local innovation ecosystem Support to partners in identifying their data needs and understanding opportunities Research and development of new uses of big, open and crowdsourced data New interfaces with local innovators, such as innovation challenges Training and learning modules on data innovation and decision-making tools Development of and support to the institutional uptake of digital platforms for real-time sensing Advocacy and policy advice concerning data privacy
We are always looking for new collaborations so please get in touch if any of the above is of interest http://www.unglobalpulse.org/jakarta & @PulseLabJakarta
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) leads and inspires the world to achieve its shared vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. UNAIDS unites the efforts of 11 UN organizations – UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, UN Women, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank – and works closely with global and national partners to maximize results for the AIDS response. UNAIDS Vision Zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths. UNAIDS Mission UNAIDS fulfills its mission by: • • • • •
Uniting the efforts of the United Nations system, civil society, national governments, the private sector, global institutions and people living with and most affected by HIV Speaking out in solidarity with the people most affected by HIV in defense of human dignity, human rights and gender equality Mobilizing political, technical, scientific and financial resources and holding ourselves and others accountable for results Empowering agents of change with strategic information and evidence to influence and ensure that resources are targeted where they deliver the greatest impact and bring about a prevention revolution Supporting inclusive country leadership for sustainable responses that are integral to and integrated with national health and development efforts
The Government of Indonesia has identified the national AIDS response as a priority area for the UN system since 2004, and HIV continues as a priority in the new five-year UN Partnership for Development Framework (UNPDF) 2016-2020 for Indonesia. The Joint UN Team in Indonesia brings together all key UNAIDS partners as a platform to provide harmonized support to the national AIDS response. Currently, 13 organizations (UNICEF, ILO, UNESCO, UNODC, UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, WFP, UNHCR, UN Women, World Bank, FAO and IOM), the UNAIDS Secretariat and the Resident Coordinator’s Office are members of the Joint Team. The team comprises all UN staff working full or part-time on HIV and AIDS, joining together and “working as one”. The UN Joint Team on HIV has delivered focused and harmonized support to Indonesia’s efforts in getting to zero new HIV infections, zero AIDS-related deaths and zero discrimination, and has contributed to critical programmatic improvements and policy changes on the national response in the following areas: programme implementation support in rolling-out the strategic use of antiretroviral treatment as a strategy for increasing access to early testing and anti-retroviral treatment for key populations at risk; policy development through the support of various reviews and evaluations including the development of an ‘Investment Case for HIV’ to support advocacy for increasing domestic funding for the AIDS response in Indonesia; resource mobilization through support for the process and development of a Global Fund proposal spanning 2016-17; and promoting the identifying and sharing of innovative service delivery models at the local level. Learn more at unaids.org and connect with us on Facebook and Twitter.
The Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Sustainable Agriculture (CAPSA), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), based in Bogor, Indonesia, works with the Government of Indonesia and other ESCAP member states to strengthen capacity on policies for sustainable agriculture and food security. VISION: CAPSA’s vision is an Asia and Pacific region free of hunger and poverty, where policymakers base their decisions and investment allocations on sound science that reflects the needs and perspectives of the rural poor, especially those who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. GOAL: CAPSA’s goal is to reduce poverty and enhance food security in Asia and the Pacific by promoting sustainable agriculture. OBJECTIVES: •
Enhanced national capacity for socioeconomic and policy research on sustainable agriculture for poverty reduction and food security
Enhanced regional coordination and networking to successfully scale up and scale out research findings that have implications for policy design and implementation related to sustainable agriculture and rural development
Enhanced capacity of policymakers and senior government officials to design and implement policies to achieve rural development, poverty reduction, and food security through sustainable agriculture in Asia and the Pacific
CAPSA’s mission is to strengthen South–South dialogue and intraregional learning on poverty, food insecurity, and sustainable agriculture through research, advocacy and networking, capacity development, and policy advice. Specifically, CAPSA engages in four activities: 1) Identify, coordinate and promote research across the region on issues related to CAPSA’s mandate and of relevance to member states 2) Synthesize research findings from across the region (and beyond) and translate them into policy recommendations 3) Develop capacity of governments and civil society for introduction and implementation of policy recommendations and good practices 4) Disseminate policy recommendations and good practices to policymakers, opinion leaders and civil society CAPSA is implementing projects and programmes in South and South-East Asian countries (including Indonesia).
United Nations Development Programme UNDP has been supporting Indonesia’s development since the 1970s. Over the last two decades, we have in particular supported Indonesia’s reforms and transition to democracy. Today’s Indonesia is a middle income country, which has made very significant progress in human development and plays an increasingly important international and regional role. To be on a sustainable long-term development path, Indonesia now faces the challenge to generate the economic growth it needs to reduce poverty and inequalities while, at the same time, protecting its abundant natural resources. UNDP works to help Indonesia meet this key development challenge and achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. We are committed to support Indonesia’s Medium Term Development Plan 2015-2019, which has a strong convergence with the SDGs.
UNDP focuses on four key areas in Indonesia: •
Advancing human development and reducing poverty and inequalities between groups and regions
Consolidating democratic governance and strengthening institutional capacities at national and local levels
Mitigating and adapting to climate change for environmental protection and the transition to a green economy
Supporting Indonesia’s engagement in global issues and SouthSouth Cooperation (SSC)
In implementing its programmes, UNDP engages closely with a range of partners, including central and local Governments, non-governmental organizations, civil society groups, community-based organizations, multilateral and bilateral aid agencies, the private sector as well as philanthropic organizations. As articulated in our global tagline “Empowered Lives, Resilient Nations”, UNDP strives to promote lasting transformational change by providing policy advice, building institutional capacity and working at grass-root levels with communities. By linking policy with practice, we believe our programmes can create real impact for the people of Indonesia.
United Nations Department of Safety and Security The United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) is responsible for providing leadership, support and oversight of the security management system; ensuring maximum security for staff and eligible dependents; and enabling the safest and most efficient conduct of the programmes and activities of the United Nations System. UNDSS was formally established on 1 January 2005. Since that time, the Department has been dedicated to performing the following functions: •
To support and enable the effective conduct of United Nations activities by ensuring a coherent, effective and timely response to all security-related threats and other emergencies
To ensure effective risk mitigation through the establishment of a coordinated security threat and risk assessment mechanism within the framework of a common, system-wide methodology
To develop high-quality, best-practice security policies, standards and operational procedures across the United Nations system, including the appropriate degree of standardization
To support implementation and monitor compliance with those security policies, standards and operational procedures
In order to provide prompt and timely security and safety support to UN Agencies, UNDSS Indonesia has a presence in six locations in Indonesia: Medan, North Sumatra; Jakarta; Denpasar, Bali; Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT); Makassar, South Sulawesi; and Jayapura, Papua.
United Nations Environment Programme UNEP is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. To accomplish this, UNEP works with a wide range of partners, including the Government of Indonesia, United Nations entities, international inter-governmental organizations, other national governments, with major groups and stakeholders including non-governmental organizations and the private sector. UNEP engagement in Indonesia is based on global, regional and national priorities and needs and takes into account the obligations of government in respect to relevant multilateral environmental agreements. The United Nations Environment Assembly is the main governing body of UNEP and guides the work of UNEP in Indonesia. In addition, UNEP works within the UNPDF and follows the Bali Strategic Plan’s call for UNEP to focus on technology support and capacity building. UNEP’s work in the country falls under the organization’s seven cross-cutting thematic priorities: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)
Climate change Disasters and conflicts Ecosystem management Environmental governance Harmful substances and hazardous waste Resource efficiency – sustainable consumption and production; and Environment under review
In Indonesia, UNEP’s work focuses on: •
Strengthening technology support and capacity in line with country needs and priorities
Providing policy advice and early warning information, based upon sound science and assessments
Catalysing and promoting cooperation and action on the environment among development partners 21
The UNESCO Office in Jakarta covers two dimensions: As a Cluster Office, it represents UNESCO and supports programmes in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Timor Leste in all UNESCO fields of competence: Education, Culture, Social and Human Sciences, Communication and Information and Natural Sciences. As a Regional Bureau for Science, it covers Asia and the Pacific through its Science for Sustainable Development programmes in: •
Promoting Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policies and access to knowledge
Building capacities in the basic sciences, in engineering and for the use of renewable energy
Mobilizing broad-based participation in STI
Freshwater systems under stress and societal responses, incorporating the work of the International Hydrological Programme and the World Water Assessment Programme
Enabling the application of ecological and earth science for sustainability
Natural disaster mitigation
Small Island Development States, and Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Development 2005-2014; and the EDUCAIDS Global Initiative on Education and HIV/AIDS 2) Natural Science for a Sustainable Future UNESCO works to advance and promote science in the interests of peace, sustainable development and human security and wellbeing. Key programs cover climate change, water, environment, tsunami early warning, small island futures, and science policy.
3) Social and Human Sciences UNESCO Jakarta supports promotion of social policies that uphold peace, social inclusion, human rights and democratic governance. 4) Culture UNESCO works toward the protection of immovable cultural heritages, the safeguarding of living cultural heritages, and the promotion of intercultural dialogue, social cohesion, and diversity.
UNESCO covers five main themes including: 1) Education for the 21st Century Supports reaching the six Education for All goals; the UN Millennium Development Goals; the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable
5) Communication and Information UNESCO promotes the ‘free flow of ideas by word and image’ and has worked in Indonesia since 1998 to support the progress towards free pluralistic and open media.
United Nations Population Fund UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is an international development agency with a mission to “deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled”. 4. These efforts are guided by the: • Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994 • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) • United Nations for Partnership Development Framework (UNPDF) 20162020 • UNFPA’s Global Strategic Plan 2014-2017
by developing an integrated and comprehensive National Action Plan on Youth Development that capitalizes on the demographic dividend and improves the lives of young people in Indonesia; Gender-based violence and harmful practices - addressing GBV and other harmful practices, including early marriage, that are both concerns on global health and rights, including in conflict and disaster contexts; Population dynamics and data – providing evidence of linkages between population dynamics and integrated sexual and reproductive health (maternal health, family planning, ASRH and HIV).
UNFPA has been working in Indonesia, since 1972, on programmes related to sexual and reproductive health and family planning, population and development, and gender equality. As the world’s fourth most populous country, Indonesia remains a priority country for UNFPA, but the terms of engagement now reflect progress achieved and the country’s evolving population dynamics and level of development. Ninth Country Programme 2016-2020 UNFPA’s partnership with the Government of Indonesia will include technical and strategic support for upstream policy and advocacy in the following areas: Partnership 1.
Maternal health and HIV-SRH linkages, including humanitarian setting strengthening evidence-based policy and advocacy that will foster an environment for increasing demand for quality and rights-based services in maternal health and HIV prevention; Family planning policies and programmes, including South-South Cooperation (SSC) – providing policy options to achieve a comprehensive and rights-based family planning programme, strengthening linkages between demand creation and family planning services between key institutions, and sharing knowledge and good practices on Family Planning through SSC; Adolescents and youth – supporting the Government in fulfilling the rights and needs of youth and adolescents,
UNFPA currently implements programmes through Government of Indonesia and partners with ministries, departments and agencies including: National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN), Ministry of Health (MOH), Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection (MOWECP), BPS-Statistics Indonesia, National AIDS Commission (KPAN) and National Commission on Prevention of Violence Against Women (Komnas Perempuan). UNFPA also maintains active partnerships with civil society organizations and youth networks.
UN-Habitat, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, and the Government of Indonesia agreed in June 2014 to engage in a new partnership on sustainable urbanisation in support of Habitat III, the upcoming United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Quito, Ecuador, 2016). The new relationship follows 40 years of Indonesiaâ€™s leading support in UN-Habitat governing bodies and 20 years of technical assistance in the country, nationally and in postdisaster and post-conflict areas of the country. As part of the new partnership, Indonesia will host the 6th Asia Pacific Urban Forum (APUF-6, with ESCAP) and the Asia Pacific High Level Meeting all in October 2015. In the margins of APUF6, also the Asia-Pacific Urban Youth Assembly will convene. In July 2016, Indonesia will host the global 3rd Preparatory Committee meeting for Habitat III. UN-Habitatâ€™s support to date: UN-Habitat has supported Indonesiaâ€™s urban policy reforms since 1990. It has supported local authorities and communities in making city plans comprehensive and inclusive and in improving neighbourhoods and basic services. It has completed the third generation of citywide City Development Strategies, jointly with the Ministry of Public Works and with support of the Cities Alliance and other international partners.
Between 2005 and 2012, UN-Habitat was a leading partner of the Government of Indonesia during the reconstruction of Aceh and Nias. In a close collaborative programme with both UNDP and the ADB, UN-Habitat supported housing reconstruction in the field and at the policy and coordination levels. UN-Habitat, with EU support, also assisted local authorities in Eastern Indonesia in overcoming housing and land disparities among immigrant and ex-combatant families and communities. A key achievement was to strengthen the facilitation role of women village leaders, civil servants and local parliamentarians.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was created in December 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). It is a subsidiary organ of the UNGA and is mandated to protect and find durable solutions for refugees. UNHCRâ€™s work is guided by its 1950 Statute of the Office, as well as the 1951 United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. The Office has been present in Indonesia since 1979 and currently has more than 60 staff working in Jakarta (main office), and through a presence in several other locations throughout Indonesia. At the end of June 2015, the population of concern to UNHCR in Indonesia totalled close to 13,000 asylum-seekers and refugees. They originate from Afghanistan, Myanmar, Somalia, Iran, Iraq, and some 43 other countries. The number is relatively manageable with other countries in the region, such as Bangladesh, Malaysia and Thailand, hosting between 100,000 and 200,000 people needing protection. While the number being hosted is comparatively less in Indonesia, the country is making an important contribution by showing solidarity and sharing responsibilities with other countries in the region. Although Indonesia is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its Protocol, it has a long tradition of hosting refugees. The Government has authorized UNHCR to help protect and find solutions for them. A regulation issued by the Director General of Immigration ensures that refugees and asylum-seekers have access to UNHCR, and that they may stay temporarily in the country until their refugee status can be confirmed and appropriate solutions can be found for them. UNHCR pursues a range of options for refugees depending on each individualâ€™s situation. This could include family reunification, temporary protection, labour schemes, voluntary repatriation when possible, and resettlement to a third country for those who are most vulnerable. Additionally UNHCR has been mandated by the UNGA to address statelessness. In Indonesia, UNHCR provides support to Government initiatives to prevent statelessness. For example, assistance is provided to promote birth registration and to increase the number of children who are issued birth certificates. UNHCR works closely with partners, including Church World Service (CWS), International Organization for Migration (IOM), Jesuit Refugee Services (JRS), the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) and the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM), to assist the Government of Indonesia to ensure access to asylum and to increase protection for refugees, asylum-seekers, and stateless persons in the country. UNHCR also assists the Government to respond to emergencies. For example, in May 2015, nearly 1,000 Rohingya refugees and some 800 Bangladeshi migrants arrived in Aceh and North Sumatera after boats they were on had been abandoned by smugglers. UNHCR immediately responded by registering as well as providing protection and assistance to the group. As the number of irregular boat movements in the Andaman Sea grows, the Government continues to engage with other affected countries to identify effective regional solutions to these complex and mixed movements of people. In this context, UNHCR provides technical support to the Government of Indonesia towards ensuring protection at sea on the basis of solidarity and responsibility-sharing among States.
United Nations Information Centre Jakarta The United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) in Jakarta represents the Department of Public Information of the United Nations. Established in 1955, UNIC Jakarta is a principal source of information about the United Nations system in Indonesia. It is part of a network of 63 UNICs around the world that, in coordination with the UN system, reach out to media and educational institutions, engage in partnerships with governments, local civil society organizations and the private sector, and maintain libraries and electronic information resources about the United Nations. The main activities of the Centre fall into three broad categories: • Disseminating timely information on current developments involving the United Nations • Engaging in outreach activities aimed at promoting a better understanding of the principles and purposes of the United Nations • By translating information materials into Bahasa Indonesia, engaging opinion-makers and placing op-ed articles by senior United Nations officials in the national media, or organizing events to highlight issues and observances, UNIC Jakarta is one of the main vehicles through which the United Nations tells its story in Indonesia, with the aim of bringing the UN closer to the people it serves UNIC Jakarta serves as an information bridge between the global UN system and Indonesia. It is a reliable source of up-to-date information about the UN, delivered to a wide range of audiences, including journalists, government officials, civil society representatives, students, educators, and researchers UNIC Jakarta maintains contact with national and regional media, disseminates background information and press materials to the media, places op-eds and feature articles, arranges interviews and organizes press conferences and briefings for UN officials and Indonesian experts on UN issues. Information from a variety of UN sources is delivered daily in Bahasa Indonesia. As in other countries, UNIC functions as the secretariat for the UN Communications Group, assisting with the development and implementation of a coordinated UN communications strategy for the UN Country Team. UNIC Jakarta currently coordinates the annual “United Nations for You” (UN4U) Indonesia Campaign in some 30 universities across the country. 26
United Nations Children’s Fund Emergency/Disaster Risk Reduction – strengthening resilience of communities so they can better withstand natural hazards and other shocks.
Since 1948, UNICEF has helped children in Indonesia get the best possible start to life, grow up healthy and develop to their full potential. Mandated by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF works to strengthen the realization of these rights for all children in the country and to ensure that every child has a fair chance in life. A key function over the coming years will be to support Indonesia’s efforts and monitor progress towards the child rights-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The UNICEF country programme 2016-2020 will focus on: Child Survival and Development – supporting key areas such as child and maternal health, nutrition as well as water, hygiene and sanitation. Education – strengthening availability and quality of education for all children from early childhood to secondary school level..
The work carried out within these programme areas includes advocating for policies and laws that strengthen the realization of children’s rights; producing information and knowledge on the situation of children; testing new and innovative ideas which offer solutions that can improve children’s lives; and partnering with communities, government entities and the private sector to create the best results for children. UNICEF also supports the creation of a national coalition for children in Indonesia that builds on existing alliances and social movements dedicated to child rights. UNICEF works at national level and across Indonesia including in provinces that rank low in child indicators such as Aceh, East Nusa Tenggara and Papua as well as in provinces and districts in Java where a large number of children is affected by development challenges and poor services. The implementation of the UNICEF country programme is led by the country office in Jakarta, with five field offices in Banda Aceh, Surabaya, Makassar, Kupang and Jayapura and sub offices in Ambon and Manokwari. http://www.unicef.org/indonesia/
Child Protection – preventing violence, abuse, neglect and exploitation of children. Social Protection – reducing persistently high levels of child poverty by supporting improvements to existing social protection systems. Data and Knowledge Management – improving the collection and use of data and knowledge regarding child well-being. Communication and Public Advocacy - creating awareness and action for child rights and equity.
UNICRI mandated to assist intergovernmental, governmental and nongovernmental organizations in their efforts to formulate and implement improve policies in the fields of crime prevention and justice administration, UNICRI acts with its partners in the international community to: 1. Advance understanding of crime-related problems; 2. Foster just and efficient criminal justice systems; 3. Support the respect of international instruments and other standards; 4. Facilitate international law enforcement cooperation and judicial assistance. In Indonesia, UNICRI focus on the implementation of Counter-Terrorism Programme and starting its operation on 2013 in responding request of Government of Indonesia to design, develop and implement disengagement, rehabilitation and reintegration programmes for violent extremist offenders in prison settings. In doing so, UNICRI supports the United Nations Global CounterTerrorism Strategy, particularly its fourth pillar on measures to ensure respect for human rights for all and the Rule of Law as the fundamental basis for the fight against terrorism. The Programme promotes the implementation of the UN Standard Minimum Rules for Treatment of Prisoners and is guided by the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) Rome Memorandum on Good Practices for Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Violent Extremist. In this framework, UNICRI has been working with Indonesian authorities to support the development and implementation of a risk assessment tool and rehabilitation and reintegration programme for violent extremist offenders and this cooperation has been formalized with an Arrangement signed between UNICRI and the Government of Indonesia (Ministry of Law and Human Rights through Directorate General of Correction) on 10 May 2013 and have been extended in March 8th, 2016 for next three years program (2016-2019).
UN Industrial Development Organization The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Office in Indonesia was established in 1970. Over the past 44 years, UNIDO has developed and implemented 93 projects in different industrial sectors with a financial outlay of more than US$95 million. UNIDO in Indonesia targets wealth generation through efficient manufacturing systems in Indonesia. UNIDO is committed to building a truly green world economy that offers opportunity and prosperity for all. “In fact, there is not a single country in the world that has reached a high stage of economic and social development without having developed an advanced industrial sector. Economic growth is driven by entrepreneurship, continuous economic diversification, growing trade relations, industrial up-grading and technological innovation.” Prosperity being the function of value addition, UNIDO’s development cooperation programme under the initiative of Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development (ISID) contributes to wealth creation, with a focus on reducing costs to future generations. Under the current complex challenge of climate change, globalization and competition, the only hope for the poor to survive without being marginalized is to develop an accelerate economy in line with social development. Thematic Priorities: • • •
Poverty reduction through Productive Activities Energy and Environment Trade Capacity Building
Country Programme Focus: • • • • • • •
Sustainable livelihood and productive capacity building for poverty reduction Renewable energy development and introducing energy efficient measures in industrial sectors Resource efficient and clean production systems to promote environmentally sustainable industrial development Enhancing trade and market access by establishing required quality infrastructure and removing supply side constraints Persistent Organic Pollutant (POPs) management: Best available technologies and practices for UPOPs and PCB management in industrial sectors and estates Measure to reduce HCC-141b global warming potential in the industrial foam and refrigerant sectors South-South Industrial Cooperation 29
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort. The OCHA Indonesia Country Office was first established in 1999 and has since responded to a number of major natural disasters as well as medium- and small-scale emergencies. More recently the focus of the OCHA Country Office has evolved to (i) supporting the Government and the humanitarian community in their preparedness efforts and (ii) working in close consultation with the OCHA Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (based in Bangkok) on enhancing OCHA’s partnership with the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The commitment and leadership of the Government, supported by the humanitarian and development community, has laid the institutional foundations to better prepare for, coordinate and respond to disasters. Building on the progress made thus far is a key continuing area of focus for OCHA in Indonesia. OCHA is engaged with ASEAN in supporting development of regional disaster management capacity. The ratification of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (2009) and the subsequent establishment of the ASEAN Humanitarian Assistance Coordinating Centre has increased engagement between ASEAN and OCHA, with the OCHA Indonesia office now acting as the primary liaison point for coordination between the two organizations. Thus key areas of focus include:
maintaining support to the Government on response preparedness, with support and engagement from the OCHA Regional Office in Thailand
continuing to support the in-country international humanitarian architecture for national preparedness and response
enhancing OCHA’s corporate liaison with ASEAN, the ASEAN Humanitarian Assistance Coordinating Centre, and the ASEAN Member States at operational and political levels
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger of the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. In Indonesia, UNODC established it’s Programme Office in 2008 as part of an operational expansion in Southeast Asia. In close consultation with the Government of Indonesia (GoI), civil society organisations, development partners and other UN agencies, UNODC Programme Office in Indonesia (POIDN), tailored strategic actions to support the country in overcoming its challenges related to drugs, crime, terrorism and anti-corruption. In line with UNODC mandates, the POIDN responds to these challenges through five inter-related sub-programmes: (1) Transnational Organized Crime and Illicit Trafficking, (2) Anti-Corruption, (3) Terrorism Prevention, (4) Justice and (5) Drugs and HIV. Within each sub-programme are the outcomes and outputs UNODC aims to achieve in partnership with the GoI and other stakeholders. As the largest country in Southeast Asia, Indonesia’s development is closely linked and likewise contributes significantly to the development of the region under the auspices of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). In achieving ASEAN’s vision 2025 of establishing a full-fledged integrated regional community, UNODC POIDN in conjunction with the Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific provides technical assistance to strengthen Indonesia’s capacity to counteract forest crimes, illicit drugs, corruption, HIV/AIDS, organized crime and terrorism within the regional framework as a broader part of ASEAN-UN partnership. Currently the POIDN is guided by the 2013-2015 Country Programme which has been extended to 2016. The Country Programme is currently supported by the Governments of Norway the United States of America. Entering its eight year in Indionesia, UNODC POIDN is developing a new country programme which will continue the partnership with the Government of Indonesia to mitigate the risk associated with drugs and crime. 31
United Nations for Project Services The mission of UNOPS is to serve people in need by expanding the ability of the United Nations, governments and other partners to manage projects, infrastructure, and procurement in a sustainable and efficient manner. UNOPS emphasizes the role of national capacity, promoting sustainability, focus, and excellence in everything it does. SUSTAINABILITY UNOPS works closely with governments and communities to ensure the projects we support have the most positive, long-term impact possible. AREAS OF SUPPORT UNOPS focuses its operations in its core areas of expertise: project management, physical infrastructure and procurement. This enables the provision of high quality products and services within each area. UNOPS tailors its support to the needs of partners. Advisory: developing national capacity in our core mandated areas of project management, physical infrastructure, and procurement Implementation: implementing partnersâ€™ projects efficiently and effectively with the involvement of stakeholders Transactional: providing standalone HR management and procurement services EXCELLENCE UNOPS continuously benchmarks against external bodies, striving for certifications of processes and adopting internationally recognized best practices and standards. UNOPS services help partners supplement their own capacities, improve quality, reduce risks, boost cost-effectiveness, and increase speed. We help translate policies into action to deliver quality projects that matter to people in need. 32
The United Nations University (UNU) office in Indonesia focuses on developing the scientific exchange between UNU and the Indonesia Institute of Sciences (LIPI), particularly with LIPIâ€™s International Centre for Interdisciplinary and Advanced Research (ICIAR). The UNU office in Indonesia is part of the UNU Institute for Environment and Human Security (EHS), which is based in Bonn Germany. UNU-EHS addresses the risk and vulnerability aspects of human security and the consequences of complex environmental hazards for sustainable development. The office was established in 2013, under the UNU partnership umbrella initiative which seeks to enhance science collaboration between transitioning and industrialized countries. In Indonesia, UNU works directly with LIPI researchers to share knowledge and expertise through the initiation of new joint research projects and to strengthen educational and capacity development activities. One of the primary goals of the cooperation is to develop an institutional partnership with LIPI, focusing on improving Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation strategies, as well as establishing a wider expert network with Indonesian partners as well as UN agencies in Indonesia. In a second step, cooperation will be extended to further partners in Southeast Asia. On a global level, UNU serves as the academic arm of the United Nations and consists of a network of over 15 research and training institutes worldwide. UNU will strive to utilize synergies between its worldwide activities and the partnership with Indonesia.
Since the establishment of the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) in 1978 in Indonesia, UNV has been an active partner to support programme implementation of the UN, the Indonesian Government and other development partners in Indonesia. UNV aims to contribute to and influence the pace of peace and development processess through volunteerism. Via its work on all societal levels, UNV advocates for greater understanding and recognition that volunteerism is a widely recognised strategy for sustainable, durable and culturally adapted development processess. Programmatic priorities of UNV are: • • • • •
Securing access to basic social services Community resilience for environment and disaster risk reduction Peace building Youth National capacity development through volunteer schemes Besides working in these specific fields, UNV supports comparative research, engineering, reconstruction, IT, communications, monitoring and evaluation, and human rights, taking cross cutting areas into account such as gender, inclusion, and HIV/ AIDS. UNV contributes to advancing access to health care, shelter, resources and livelihood development; improving operational processes and coordination mechanisms of host institutions; and developing community and women’s empowerment. The strong tradition of volunteering in Indonesia, deeply embedded in Indonesian society and often reflected in the spirit of Gotong Royong (Working Together), encourages the embracement of UNV’s activities – it encourages ownership by the national population, increasing the chance of durability and sustainability of joint initiates UNV has with other development partners.
International and national UN Volunteers are serving in Indonesia, with Indonesian UN Volunteers also serving abroad.
Since 1992, UN Women has been supporting the Government of Indonesia and civil society partners to address national priorities for gender equality and women’s empowerment. UN Women focuses on: Ending Violence Against Women: Understanding that ending violence against women needs concerted efforts from policy makers to communities, UN Women focuses its programme on strengthening law implementation and piloting for good practices to improve response and community prevention strategy. UN Women provides technical support to the government to cost of services for women survivors of violence and develops monitoring and evaluation tools for implementation of the Law on Domestic Violence. Through the Safe Cities Pilot in Jakarta Province, UN Women provides technical advice on evidence-based policy advocacy, innovative ways to improve government response as well as prevention strategies. Women, Peace and Security: Using UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security, UN Women support the Government and civil society organizations to integrate gender equality perspectives in recovery and peace building processes. Key to this is the development of the National Action Plan on Women Peace and Security, following the Presidential Decree No. 18/2014 on Empowerment of Women and Children in Social Conflict. The Plan serves as a crucial tool that puts into practice principles of gender equality and women’s empowerment as outlined in UN SCR 1325 and CEDAW. UN Women collaborates with the local Governments and CSOs in Aceh and Papua to implement the National Action Plan and provides support on women’s leadership in peacebuilding in communities. Promoting Women’s Human Rights through Gender Responsive Laws, Policies and Development Plans: Framed by the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), UN Women supports the development of stronger legislative frameworks to remove discrimination against women and secure their rights, making Government policies and budgets more accountable to women. UN Women provides technical assistance to the Government of Indonesia in the preparation of the CEDAW periodic report as well as strengthens CSOs’ capacity in monitoring CEDAW implementation. UN Women seeks ways to improve women’s access to justice in plural legal systems through evidence-based policy advocacy and capacity building. Working together with the Government and gender equality advocates, UN Women supports gender mainstreaming of national development priorities such as HIV/AIDS response and climate change. 35
World Food Programme
Food security in Indonesia has improved greatly with the country meeting the Millennium Development Goal to halve hunger. But challenges remain. Malnutrition stymies Indonesia’s potential, as more than one-third of Indonesia’s children under five are stunted compromising their chances of fulfilling their potential. This challenge is compounded by the country’s unique exposure to recurrent natural disasters and climate change. WFP’s Indonesia Country Strategy aims to collaborate with the Government of Indonesia to achieve improved food and nutrition security for all Indonesians. Its support to the Government for 2016-20 aims to achieve three strategic results: 1. Indonesia will use an evidence-based approach to prioritize the most vulnerable people and regions in pursuit of its target to reduce the prevalence of severe food insecurity by 1 percent per year. 2. Indonesia’s nutrition improvement policy helps empower consumers to choose a balanced diet, through effective nutrition campaigns and nutrition-sensitive social protection programmes. 3. Indonesia’s emergency logistics capacity to be prepared to deliver a more effective, timely and coordinated response to disasters.
World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a technical organization working to attain the highest possible level of physical and mental health for all people around the world. The organization gives guidance on global health matters, maps and structures global health research agendas, sets norms and standards, and assists countries in considering their evidence-based options for the countries’ policies. WHO is the principle authority in assessing global and regional health trends, and supports countries in conducting monitoring for health situations. It takes the lead in the event of global public health emergencies, such as the H1N1 pandemic in 2009 and heads health clusters in disaster response and recovery. WHO’s numerous programmes are divided into: • • • • • •
Communicable diseases (tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, vaccine preventable diseases, etc.) Non-communicable diseases (mental health, injury prevention, nutrition, etc.) Promoting health through the life-course (child and maternal health, healthy aging, environmental health, etc.) Health systems (health policies, health finance, human resources, medicines, health systems information, etc.) Preparedness, surveillance and response (international health regulations, epidemic, pandemic disease, emergencies, food safety) Leadership and governance (partnership, communications, etc.)
WHO also amplifies global health concerns while collaborating with countries in voicing countries’ health concerns and messages. On 1 January 2014, the Government of Indonesia launched a national health insurance programme (JKN) in line with WHO’s call for Universal Health Coverage (UHC), whereby everybody receives health services without suffering financial hardship. WHO is committed to supporting the Government of Indonesia’s plan to implement reforms to the JKN and enable the country to reach full population coverage by 2019. WHO has 194 member countries and territories that shape its actions and policies. Each year, members convene in May to articulate concerns and initiatives in the World Health Assembly (WHA). Global policies and resolutions are decided in this forum, with members’ approval. WHO works to ensure the implementation of global agreements, and translate the resolutions into instruments adopted and implemented in national health programmes. WHO is aware that health is a multi-sectoral issue and many other sectors – including the social, political and economic sectors – are closely interconnected with health. Therefore, WHO is a global health leader and facilitator that embraces collaborations with as many diverse partners as possible.
ASEAN-UN Comprehensive Partnership Under Indonesia’s ASEAN Chair in November 2011, the President of Indonesia, Mr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and United Nations Secretary-General, Mr. Ban Ki Moon, adopted the “Joint Declaration on Comprehensive Partnership between ASEAN and the United Nations” at the 4th ASEAN-UN Summit in Bali. The ASEAN-UN comprehensive partnership includes a broad range of activities and programmes in which ASEAN and the UN System work together in the areas of political-security, economic and socio-cultural cooperation. At the highest political level, the United Nations Secretary-General participates in the ASEANUN Summit with the leaders of ASEAN, which is held at the time of the annual ASEAN Heads of State Summits. The Secretary-General also participates in the ASEAN-UN Ministerial Meeting with ASEAN Foreign Ministers on the margins of the General Assembly Annual Debate in New York. The UN System works with ASEAN across a broad range of issues under the ASEAN-UN Comprehensive Partnership. These include concrete activities on conflict prevention, transnational crime including human trafficking, human rights and the elimination of violence against women and children in the area of peace and security cooperation. Technical support on economic development, connectivity, trade and the post-2015 development agenda in the area of economic cooperation. The engagement also includes programmes in health and development including HIV/AIDS, migration, social protection, environmental protection, disaster management and risk reduction issues as well as culture and education in the area of social and cultural cooperation. To further strengthen the UN System’s engagement with ASEAN, the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA) and the UN Office for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) have recently deployed respective UN liaison officers to Jakarta. The two liaison officers work on the UN System’s multifaceted engagement with ASEAN in close coordination with, the UN’s Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, with regional UN offices in Bangkok and with UN Headquarters as well as with the Resident Coordinator for Indonesia. Looking ahead to the post-2015 UN Sustainable Development Goals and the ASEAN Community Vision (2016-2025), the ASEAN-UN Comprehensive Partnership is set to be further deepened through technical cooperation in the areas of peace and security, and economic and socio-cultural development in the coming years.
United Nations Office of the Resident Coordinator Menara Thamrin, 9th Floor Jl. MH Thamrin, Kav. 3 Jakarta, Indonesia 10250 Phone: +62-21-29802300 Fax: +62-21-3145251 Web: http://www.un.or.id Twitter: @UNinIndonesia 2nd Edition | 6th Printing
Photo courtesy of Nanang Sujana