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hronicle OF UNAMID POLICE SEBTEMBER 2013

UNAMID

AFRICAN UNION - UNITED NATIONS HYBRID OPERATIONS IN DARFUR

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unamid-pol-pio@un.org

THE VISIT OF

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POLICE ADVISOR AND DIRECTOR OF POLICE DIVISION

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NEW LOOK ISSUE

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ISSUE: 54

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CHRONICLE OF UNAMID POLICE

BY UNAMID POLICE PUBLIC INFORMATION UNIT

UNAMID

AFRICAN UNION - UNITED NATIONS HYBRID OPERATION IN DARFUR

WE ARE LOCATED AT Police Public Information Office Room No : N-20 Super Camp, El-Fasher Email: unamid-pol-pio@un.org Contact no : 0999606333 / 0922410673 192-8793/8639/11067

CONTRIBUTORS Clara GUNDA (Ag.OIC) Nabila YASMEEN Jane MUTESI Sambujang BADJIE

GRAPHIC DESIGNERS Ayman R. TAWFIQ Mohammed AL-SAIRAFI

Egyptian Police Advisor during a formal parade Photo by Ayman El-Mahy, UNAMID

FRONT COVER PHOTO

From left to right, Hermanprit Singh UNAMID Desk DPKO, Hester Paneras UNAMID Police Commissioner, Lieutenant General Ayub Deputy Commissioner General and Inspector General of Sudan Police Force, Stefan Feller The Police Advisor and Director of Police Division, General Dahya Director General of International Co-operation, General Dauod GoS Police Training for Sub-Officers. Photo by : Ayman TAWFIQ (UNAMID Police PIO)

BACK COVER PHOTO

A UNAMID police officer loads a pick-up vehicle of boxes with school and sport materials to hand them over to the Bakhr Alrida Primary School in the camp for internally displaced people in Forobaranga, West Darfur. Photo by Albert Gonzรกlez Farran, UNAMID. for reactive slideshow copy & share links www.issuu.com/unamid-police-pio

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CHRONICLE OF UNAMID POLICE

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5 //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////September 2013 /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

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CONTENTS

VISITS 5 7

THE POLICE ADVISOR AND DIRECTOR OF POLICE DIVISION VISITS DARFUR AND KHARTOUM DEPUTY POLICE COMMISSIONER OPERATIONS VISITS UMKADADA TEAM SITE

ARTICLES 12

POLICE ADMINISTRATION OF A HYBRID MISSION

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THE ROLE OF FEMALE POLICE OFFICERS IN DARFUR

INDUCTIONS 8

DEPUTY POLICE COMMISSIONER POLICY & PLANNING SPEAKS TO INDUCTEES

CAPACITY BUILDING

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PUBLIC ORDER TRAINING FOR SUDANESE POLICE OFFICERS

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UNAMID HANDS OVER SUPPLIES TO FORABARANGA SCHOOL

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POLICE ADVISORS SUPPORT PUPILS IN ZALINGEI

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A NEW MOSQUE FOR ABU SHOUK DISPLACED

HONORING UNAMID SENIOR POLICE OFFICERS DECORATED

AWARENESS CORNER

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HAND OVER

ROAD SAFETY

UPDATES FROM SECTORS

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CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION TRAINING FOR SUDANESE POLICE IN MALHA

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POLICE ADVISORS HELP CLEAN AL HUJAJ CAMP

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HUMAN RIGHTS COURSE HELD AT SUDANESE TRAINING CENTRE

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UNAMID ESCORTS ADDRESS NEEDS OF THE COMMUNITY

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HOSPITAL VISIT

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WORKSHOP ON POLICE CUSTODY

QUIPS

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SECTOR SOUTH HEAD OF OFFICE & POLICE COMMANDER INAUGURATE QUICK IMPACT PROJECTS

SEPTEMBER 2013

ARABIC CORNER

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GENERAL PHASES

PHOTO GALLERY

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EDITORIAL BOARD

EDITOR’s NOTE

C HESTER PANERAS UNAMID Police Commissioner

DR. SYED KALEEM IMAM UNAMID Deputy Police Commissioner (Operations)

DR. MUTASEM ALMAJALI UNAMID Deputy Police Commissioner (Policy and Planning)

ommunity policing is a philosophy that seeks the integration of Police Advisors into the local community to promote policing strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as social disorder, crime and fear of crime. Community policing takes centre stage when police organizations recognize that police rarely can solve public safety problems alone. It encourages interactive partnerships with relevant stakeholders. The range of potential partners is large and these partnerships can be used to accomplish the two interrelated goals of developing solutions to problems through collaborative problem solving and improving public trust. Community policing stresses prevention, early identification, and timely intervention to deal with issues before they become unwieldy problems. Police organizations adopt community-based policing when it is realized that “crook catching” is only part of the job, and a rather small one by comparison to a very diverse application and use of issues and problems they deal with each day. Some critics view Community policing as soft on crime, but it is quite the contrary. According to effective community-policing strategies the public plays a role in prioritizing public safety problems. UNAMID’s Police management team has infused community-policing ideals throughout Darfur by making a number of critical changes in climate and culture, strategic plan-

ning, policing and procedures, organizational evaluations, and increased transparency. No other policing style could have fit the situation more effectively than a community-based policing style, given its unique features. In striving to restore confidence for the work of the Mission among the Darfuri population, the UNAMID Police management team is unrelenting and will continue to push for best practices. The Police management team is aware of the fact that community policing is a process that evolves, develops, takes root and grows. With time, it becomes an integral part of the formal and informal value system of both the police and the community as a whole. UNAMID’s Police operations have gradually begun to change from a style of policing that emphasizes crime control to a style of citizen interaction and participation in problem solving. As UNAMID continues to employ community-policing approaches in dealing with IDPs and in tailoring its capacity-building initiatives and Institutional development programmes for both Government of Sudan and armed movements, I encourage the use of close cooperation and good communication to enrich these endeavours, as thee tools represents powerful mechanisms for bringing about change. In addition, good communication can have a significant impact on the public perceptions of the police, crime problems and the fear of crime. On behalf of the UNAMID Police Public Information Unit, I wish you pleasant reading.

Clara GUNDA

unamid POLICE PUBLIC INFORMATION TEAM CYPRIAN GATETE

UNAMID Police Chief of Staff

Ayman TAWFIQ

Mohammed AL-SAIRAFI

Sambujang BADJIE

PA JALLOW

Special Assistant to UNAMID Police Commissioner

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Nabila YASMEEN

Clara L. GUNDA

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Jane MUTESI


POLICE COMMISSIONER'S MESSAGE

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istory, true or false, always repeats itself. From the United Nations Headquarters in New York, Commissioner Stefan Feller, the Police Adviser to the Secretary General and Director of Police Division, followed the footsteps of his predecessor Ann-Marie Orley by visiting UNAMID on 15 and 16 September 2013. The visit was a homecoming for the Police Advisor, who a veteran peacekeeper having served as Police Commissioner in Bosnia, and in Darfur as European Union Police Advisor to the African Union Mission in Sudan from 2006 to 2008. For obvious reasons, this high-profile visit to UNAMID could not have come at a better time than now, where UNAMID’S Police Component is at the forefront of the peacekeeping operations in Darfur. Undoubtedly, the PolAd, as we call him, has had first-hand knowledge of the current situation. The visit had a positive impact on the morale of those of us on the ground and, to say the truth, we were humbled to have him in our midst, especially when he visited Abu Shouk camp for displaced people some 4 kilometres from El Fasher, North Darfur. However, we in UNAMID Police have constantly stressed our

professionalism as peacekeepers with our own endeavours to alleviate suffering and to bring assistance and comfort to the people of Darfur. At the Abu Shouk camp, his call for us to spend more time with the internally displaced was indeed loud and clear. We will not hesitate to indicate in unmistakably clear terms the necessary principles and sentiments that must constitute the determining basis of peace that will assure the sincere and loyal consent of the people of Darfur. The meeting with the leadership of the Government of Sudan Police in Khartoum on 16 September 2013 was groundbreaking because it afforded him the opportunity to hear from the “horse’s mouth.” The discussions were open and frank, and this is a clear testimony that both sides have trusted one and other. Signs are very encouraging that the Sudanese Police have acknowledged and appreciated the efforts of UNAMID Police by actively engaging with us in the area of capacity-building as enshrined in our mandate. These ongoing partnership is most welcome. We hope this will not be the last visit.

Hester A. Paneras

UNAMID Police Commissioner

SEPTEMBER 2013

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VISITS

Stefen Feller Police Advisor and Director of Police Division and Lieutenant General Ayub the Deputy Commissioner General and Inspector General of the Sudan Police Force,

THE POLICE ADVISOR AND DIRECTOR OF POLICE DIVISION VISITS DARFUR AND KHARTOUM Ayman TAWFIQ The UN Police Advisor and Director of Police Division, Mr. Stefan feller, has more than 36 years of professional experience in national and international policing, in particular in strategic planning, operations and policy development. He served in the State Police of North-Rhine Westphalia for more than 21 years, where he rose to the rank of Director of Operations. Since 2000, Mr. Feller has pursued an international career in peacekeeping. Among other posts, he was the Police Commissioner in the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, the Head of the Police Unit in the Council of the European Union, and from 2008 to 2012 the Head of the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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he UN Police Advisor and Director of Police Division, Mr. Stefan Feller, along with Senior Police Advisor Hermanprit Singh, arrived in UNAMID Headquarters in El Fasher for a twoday working visit on 14 September 2013. After inspecting a guard of honour of Police Advisors, Mr. Stefan Feller attended a presentation on UNAID Police activities. After the presentation, Mr. Stefan Feller noted that the UNAMID Police component should come up with new ideas on how to assist the community so that they can see a change with the presence of UNAMID in Darfur. Mr. Stefan Feller and Mr. Hermanprit Singh, accompanied by UNAMID Police Commissioner Hester Paneras, Deputy Police Commissioner Policy & Planning Mutasem Almajali and Police Advisors embarked on a patrol to the Abu Shouk camp for internally displaced people in North Darfur. The purpose

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of the visit was to interact with the community and to explore ways to enhance support the peacekeepers are giving to the local Sudanese police. During interaction with the community and the displaced people, some concerns were raised about UNAMID Police spending time with the women and children and seemingly neglecting to attend to the issues of the men in the area. The chief Umda complained of the time spent during the patrols, saying that it is too limited for them to express their concerns regarding inadequate supply of rations and other problems. In his response, Mr. Feller assured the community that UNAMID Police is tasked to intensify confidence-building patrols and to follow up with the Sudanese Police on reported cases of crime, and also to liaise with relevant UN agencies for support. He assured the

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THE POLICE ADVISOR AND DIRECTOR OF POLICE DIVISION VISITS DARFUR AND KHARTOUM

community that they will see great changes ahead and that the Police Advisors will continue noting the community concerns. Also in El-Fasher, Mr. Feller paid a courtesy call on UNAMID Deputy Joint Special Representative Joseph Mutaboba, UNAMID Force Commander Paul Ignace Mella and Mission Chief of Staff Tchalian Karen, and later addressed Police Advisors in a town hall meeting. Accompanied by the Police Commissioner and the senior management team, Mr. Feller, while addressing the Police Advisors, mentioned his Abu Shouk visit and noted that there is a lot of work happening on the ground, especially work that relates to the protection of civilians. He said the situation remains complex despite an overall improvement of living standards in the Abu Shouk camp. Mr. Feller emphasized the importance of outreach programmes, and advised the Police Advisors to spend more time with the displaced people during their patrols. “We are here to serve the people of Darfur,” he said. In a separate development, on 16 September 2013, the Mr. Feller, accompanied by Police Commissioner Paneras and Deputy Police Commissioner Policy & Planning Mutasem visited Khartoum for two days for official engagements. In Khartoum, they visited the Sudanese Police where they were received by the Deputy Commissioner General and Inspector General of the Sudan Police Force, Lieutenant General Ayub, who praised the level of cooperation between the Sudanese Police and UNAMID Police. He said that the unfortunate situation in Darfur has afforded Sudanese Police the opportunity to benefit immensely from building their capacity with assistance from UNAMID. He hailed the excellent training facilities provided by UNAMID, but he was quick to add that a lot must be done in East Darfur, as the training centre there is not up to date. He appealed to Mr. Feller to facilitate the quick deployment of Sudanese Police Officers who are already cleared by Selection Assistance and Assessment Team (SAAT) for peacekeeping duties. In his response, Mr. Feller thanked the Inspector General for the Government’s commitment to and appreciation of UNAMID Police. He said cooperation with Sudanese national authorities makes it easier to achieve UNAMID’s mandate, especially in terms of capac-

The POIAD and his team during his visit to Abu Shouk IDPs camp.

Mr. Hermanprit Singh with Police Advisors during thier duties in Abu Shouk IPDs Camp.

ity-building. He went on to say that cooperation with military authorities is important. “We work closely with our counterparts, who provide us with a safe environment in reaching the community,” he said. “This is necessary because there are several unnecessary attacks on our personnel and installations.” He informed the Inspector General that he had called on the Police Advisors to spend more time with internally displaced people, especially during patrols. He said this interaction will yield good results. On Mission deployment, he mentioned to his that he will instruct the UN Police Division to check with the Sudanese Permanent Mission on the status of cleared Sudanese Police officers. And before leaving Khartoum, the UNAMID Police Commissioner and Mr. Feller met General Mannan, Director of the Sudanese Police Training Authority, to discuss issues relating to capacity-building and training of Sudanese Police Officers.

The DPC P&P brifing the visiting Team about Abu Shouk Co-Location Center.

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THE POLICE ADVISOR AND DIRECTOR OF POLICE DIVISION VISITS DARFUR AND KHARTOUM

General Mannan told the visiting team that Sudan is committed to providing security and protection to UNAMID Personnel, and reiterated earlier calls for good training facilities. Mr. Feller said he will raise awareness about the needs of the Sudanese Police in New York. Furthermore, the Deputy Police Commissioner Policy & Planning and Reform & Restructuring Coordinator Landing Kinteh joined the UNAMID Police Commissioner in visiting the United Nations Fund for Population Agency (UNFPA), where they discussed the possibilities of assisting the Sudanese Police in additional capacity-building initiatives with Dr. Maria Emmanuella of UNFPA. Dr. Emmanuella expressed gratitude to the police commissioner for her insight in involving her agency in police activities with a view of helping the Government of Sudan. Their discussion centred on assisting the Sudanese Forensic Science Department. UNFPA promised to assist by ensuring that the services of the department reach every corner of Darfur. Police Commissioner Paneras, Deputy Police Commissioner Mutasem and Dr. Emmanuella visited the Sudanese Forensic Science Department and were taken on a tour of the facilities. During the tour, the staff mentioned the need for new equipment, as the equipment they worked with had become obsolete. In addition, the staff requested training to enable them to discharge their duties more effectively. In his comments, the Director General of the Forensic Department expressed his desire to expand the services of the Department throughout Darfur. Finally, the Police Commissioner and her team met with the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) at their headquarters, where they discussed issues related to capacity building. The UNCT members expressed satisfaction with the work of UNAMID Police and described the meeting as a step in the right direction. Members of the UNCT present at the meeting promised their support to the Police Commissioner for coming up with the idea to include them in the process of capacity-building training for the Sudanese Police.

The POIAD and his team inspecting Egyptian FPU equipment at the Egyptian camp in El-Fasher.

The Police Commissioner giving her welcoming remarks to the visiting team in a town hall meeting with Police Advisors.

The UNAMID Police Commissioner and her entourage during thier meeting with General Emad in Khartoum.

UNTC meeting with The Police Commissioner and her team in Khartoum.

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I SEPTEMBER 2013


VISITS DEPUTY POLICE COMMISSIONER OPERATIONS VISITS UMKADADA TEAM SITE Nabila YASMEEN

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eputy Police Commissioner Operations Syed Kaleem Imam called on Police Advisors on 22 September 2013 to exhibit a high level of professionalism while executing their mandated tasks. He made the call while addressing Police Advisors in Umkadada Team Site during a one day working visit designed to assess operational challenges faced by Police Advisors in their area of responsibility. Upon arrival at the Helipad, the acting Team Site Commander Mohamed El Tohamy welcomed the visiting team to Umkadada Team Site before the Deputy Commissioner`s briefing to Police Advisors. Briefing the Acting Police Commissioner, Acting Team Site Commander Mohamed El Tohamy gave a presentation to the delegation on operational needs, the security situation and the challenges they faced, among which he said included lack of female Police Advisors, shortage of language assistants and frequent cancellation of flights. Addressing the staff of Umkadada, Dr. Imam called on Police Advisors to exhibit a high level of professionalism while executing their mandated tasks despite the challenges outlined by the Team Site Commander. He shared his own experiences related to hardships of missions and at the same time encouraged those in at-

Ag Police Commissioner and DPC Operations, interacting with a woman from Umkadada.

tendance by saying that the UN believes in their services and knows that they are strong although they are facing some hardships in the Mission. He advised them to look at the challenges they are encountering as a means to restore peace and development to the people of Darfur. Dr. Imam urged the Police Advisors to undertake meaningful activities to improve the lives of the people in need of peace and assured them that the senior management team will work on the issues raised by the Team Site Commander. Later, the visiting team went to the Wali’s (Governor’s) office, where they met with the Deputy Wali and his staff. The Deputy Wali said he appreciated the visit and expressed his desire to take the opportunity to exchange views on how to improve the relationship between the community and UNAMID Police. Before leaving Umkadada, the Deputy Commissioner and his team interacted with the community, and discussed issues pertaining to security. He appealed to those in attendance to cooperate with UNAMID in order to enhance their protection.

Dr. Sayed Iman Acting PC and DPC Operations, intracting with children from Umkadada

SEPTEMBER 2013

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INDUCTIONS

Dr. Mutasem the DPC P&P and Fancis Aryitey the Training Coordinator in a group photo with Inductees.

DEPUTY POLICE COMMISSIONER POLICY & PLANNING SPEAKS TO INDUCTEES

Jane MUTESI

Induction training is a formal process given by an organization or institution to its personnel before they assume office and responsibilities.

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n a bid to encourage staff to do an effective job in their line of duty, leaders generally interact with their personnel to inspire them to greater achievements and to foster confidence and a sense of unity and purpose. This leadership strategy is typically undertaken by UNAMID’s Police leadership upon arrival of new personnel. Recently, Deputy Police Commissioner Policy and Planning Mutasem Almajali and Training Coordinator Francis Ayitey Aryee met newly inducted Police Advisors from Tajikistan, South Africa, Bangladesh, Yemen, Pakistan and Jordan, after the newly arrived personnel completed their induction training programme at Mission headquarters in El Fasher, North Darfur. Addressing the new inductees, the Dr. Almajali started by telling them to introduce themselves and later asked questions to test their mental sharpness, credibility and awareness. He implored all of them to perform their duties with outstanding diligence, professionalism, and dedication to their work. He added that doing so creates a favourable image for the individual and his or her country in general. “Give your best in order to share skills and contribute where necessary,” he said. “Be smart and always wear the blue beret.” He also urged the inductees to distinguish themselves and let their conscience feel proud that they have contributed to peace in

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Darfur. He encouraged the new arrivals to be brave and respect the people and culture of Sudan. He tasked all of them to respect cultural diversity, which is one of the core values of the United Nations. While congratulating the Police Advisors for their appointments, he took the opportunity to advise them about their personal health, personal security, national dress code, and discipline. “Carry necessary items with you during patrols in case the unexpected happens, so you will have the basics with you until assistance arrives,” he said. He counselled the Police Advisors to approach leadership through the appropriate chain of command and mentioned that the UNAMID Police component operates with an open-door policy. In a separate development, Dr. Almajali and Training Coordinator Aryee finalized a two-day baggage-screening course that was organized by UNAMID’s Movement Control (MOVCON) and Aviation components. The course was designed for Police Advisors working under MOVCON in Team Sites. It was designed to cultivate a better understanding about security, transport and aviation support. These Mission components operate according to shared values of commitment, dedication and customer orientation, in addition to focusing on safety and security. Dr. Almajali closed the course by presenting certificates to the Police Advisors.

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CAPACITY BUILDING PUBLIC ORDER TRAINING FOR SUDANESE POLICE OFFICERS

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ne of the mandates of UNAMID’s Police component is capacity building and institutional development of the Government of Sudan Police. Over the years, the Police component has been supportive of the Sudanese Police, in the interest of helping them to align their policing capabilities with international best practices and standards. As a mark of respect and in the spirit of cooperation and collaboration, UNAMID’s Police component supports and observes important Sudanese Police functions. One such function was witnessed by the Deputy Police Commissioner Syed Kaleem Imam and a team of Police Advisors. This function was the graduation of 100 Sudanese Police Officers from the Sudanese Police Training centre in El Fasher on 19 September 2013. “Training is an essential component of any institution; this is a developmental need of every police officer,” said Dr. Imam during the graduation ceremony. “It makes the police officer effective and enhances executive performance.” The training was organized by UNAMID’s North Darfur Training Unit in collaboration with the Egyptian Formed Police Unit (FPU) at the Sudanese Police Training centre in El Fasher, North Darfur. Welcoming the guests to the occasion, the Sudanese Police commanding officer in charge of Emergency and Riot Control Forces, Brigadier Nasraldin Elsayed, expressed gratitude to UNAMID for imparting such useful training. Speaking at the ceremony, the Acting Sudanese Police Director for North Darfur, Brigadier Rashid Musah, also expressed gratitude to UNAMID Police for its contribution to building the capacity of Sudanese Police. He said it is a crucial aspect of building peace in Darfur, and added that Sudanese Police should have continuous train-

Sambujang BADJIE

ing to build the capacity of their forces. Dr. Imam, in his address to the participants, said that all over the world, public order is worsening each day, making it a big challenge for police. He commended the Egyptian FPU for having done a meritorious job in imparting their knowledge and skills to Sudanese Police. He applauded the Sudanese Police leadership for their cooperation and requested UNAMID’s Training Unit to devise more courses for Sudanese Police, while urged the trainees to implement the skills and techniques acquired during the training in any eventualities in future. He advised the new graduates to share their knowledge with their colleagues who were not able to attend the training. Dr. Imam said he is always happy to be associated with such training programmes because training helps police officers do more effective work. He congratulated all participants and trainers for the successful completion of the course, which consisted of training on shield and baton defence position, cordoning, clearing ways and self-defence. To test the effectiveness of the training, the newly trained officers were tasked to demonstrate what they learned during the training programme. Dr. Imam said that he hopes the skills transfer not only will be valuable but also will leave a lasting legacy of strengthened capacity and capability, and will enhance the ability of the Sudanese Police to manage public order and contribute to their rural and urban communities in an efficient and professional manner. A certificate presentation ceremony followed by a group photo marked the end of occasion.

GoS Police Officers show case thier skills after the Public order training Photo by Walid Hamdy, UNAMID Police Protocol Unit.

SEPTEMBER 2013

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HONORING

Mr. Joseph Mutaboba the DJSR, UNAMID Police Commissioner and Senior Police Officers in a group photo after awarding ceremony.

UNAMID SENIOR POLICE OFFICERS DECORATED Clara GUNDA

A Service Medal is a symbol of more than just individual heroism. Recipients of such medals know that they are symbols designed to honour all the men and women who are currently serving and the tens of thousands who have served valiantly and thus deserve recognition for their personal sacrifices in the interest of protecting communities and the people who live in those communities.

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NAMID is committed to ensuring peace, security and development in accordance with its mandate. UNAMID has three components: military, civilian and police. These components do not work in isolation but work together, aiming at the common goal of achieving a lasting peace for the people of Darfur. The United Nations is not an isolated entity. It operates on contributions from Member States. These resources typically take the form of equipment, logistics support, financial support and human resources, which is one of the reasons peacekeepers come from various countries. Thus, the Medal of Honour ceremony is a way of paying tribute to all contributors to express appreciation. Peacekeepers tend to attach a lot of significance to these awards, which for some of them is a lifetime achievement. UNAMID Deputy Joint Special Representative (DJSR) Joseph Mutaboba, on 4 August 2013, attended the medal ceremony for UNAMID Senior Police Officers serving in Darfur. For the first time in the history of UNAMID Police, 11 Senior Police Officers were each

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awarded and decorated with a UNAMID Service Medal in recognition of their selfless service to the people of Darfur. Speaking after decorating them, the DJSR expressed appreciation for their work and noted that the United Nations medal conferred on them is in recognition of their valuable services to the people of Darfur toward the attainment of peace. He congratulated them and described the award as duly deserved. Being the first of its kind, the UNAMID Police Commissioner, in her remarks at the ceremony, said that performance is the reason UNAMID leadership decided to honour the Senior Police Officers with its Service Medal. She also noted that UNAMID is constantly working to ensure the wellbeing of its officers for the success of the UNAMID mandate. Acting Chief of Operations Christopher Mofya served as the Master of Ceremonies and congratulated the Senior Officers for putting their best toward the realization of the UNAMID mandate.

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AWARENESS CORNER ROAD SAFETY AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR THE FOLLOWING ACTIONS MAY TRIGGER AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR • • • • • •

Passing vehicles on the left Following too closely to the vehicle in front Failing to yield at ramps and intersections Crossing safety markings while merging onto ramps Cutting in and out of traffic Failing to signal while changing lanes

APPLICABLE HINTS • • • • • • • •

Do not block lanes Use your horn sparingly Do not react to provocation Stay away from erratic drivers Do not flash your headlights Avoid eye contact with an aggressive driver Do not drive too closely to the vehicle in front of you Do not change lanes without using your indicator

SEPTEMBER 2013

Arrive alive. Life is precious.

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ARTICLES POLICE ADMINISTRATION OF A HYBRID MISSION By Cyprian GATETE Unamid Police Chief Of Staff

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he activities of UNAMID’s Police Administration largely differ from those of conventional Mission Police Administration running in different areas of the world. This is mainly due to the unpredictable geopolitical environment of Darfur and the unique hybrid nature of UNAMID where the African Union and the United Nations have synchronized their efforts to establish sustainable peace in accordance with the United Nations Security Council resolution 1769. The Police, as a component of UNAMID, have the responsibility of helping to carry out the UNAMID mandate in protecting civilians, establishing community policing in camps for displaced people, monitoring and verifying the security in these camps, building the capacity of Sudanese Police, assisting in institutional development of other police forces, addressing issues related to gender-based violence and facilitating the provision of full humanitarian access and assistance. Under the direct supervision of the Police Commissioner, the Police Chief of Staff (PCoS) is entrusted to ensure and supervise all the police administrative functions in UNAMID Police in Darfur, where there are always a number of new and unexpected challenges to cope with to continue the smooth and successful running of Mission activities. The core responsibility of the PCoS office includes providing and ensuring quality administrative service to the entire police component to achieve the mandated goals. The PCoS office focuses on and supervises the administrative functional activities related to human resources, personnel, logistics, rotation, transport, protocol, welfare and also liaison activities with civilian and military counterparts in the mission. In Darfur, at present, UNAMID Police Officers are serving from 33 countries all

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over the world. Keeping the number of UNAMID Police Officers at an operational level is necessary for the continuation of the peacekeeping operations here. The situation sometimes becomes critical when there is a delay in the issuance of visas for the newly selected Police Advisors. The solution to this is extending the tour of duty of those Police Advisors on the ground. On April 2013, the issuance of more than 500 visas was a very positive gesture by Sudan in support of establishing and continuing the peace process in Darfur. Police Advisors, on arrival to Khartoum, are well received by the Khartoum Liaison Office no matter what time of night. Once they arrive, we assist in their coming into UNAMID by getting them accommodation, identity cards, security briefings and flights to El Fasher for induction training. Then they are deployed to different team sites according to operational requirements. In Darfur, as the security situation is always unpredictable, Police Advisors are given guidance on how to operate in their new roles. Unfortunately many of the camps do not have sufficient and standard arrangements for accommodations. For this reason, Police Advisors sometimes accommodate themselves outside of the UNAMID camps, especially when they are assigned to the sectors. Despite the security issues, Police Advisors have a tendency to live in private accommodations instead of living in UNAMID accommodations. For those living outside the Mission accommodations, this issue is being addressed to emphasize the enforcement of Minimal Operational Residential Security Standards (MORSS) . Deployment of Police Advisors in team sites with UNAMID accommodations typically leads to them submitting a redeployment request to another

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team site or sector where accommodation is less expensive. This tendency creates extra pressure on my office. However, such requests are generally resolved through granting redeployment after considering the national balance, gender balance and tour of duty. However, rationalizing the country and gender balance is not always smooth because of the nature of different backgrounds, expertise, perception and country policy. My office must deal with these issues in line with the existing policies. Another responsibility of my office is to provide all sorts of logistics to operational sites. Darfur’s geography itself makes the distribution of resources difficult. Darfur has few transportation routes. During the rainy season, roads and railways become nearly impassable, requiring UNAMID to use aerial transportation to deliver logistics and aid. Keeping these limitations in mind, my office must address the issue by advance planning, maintaining good rapport with civilian counterparts and also prioritizing the requirements. UNAMID is a non-family mission. Police Advisors are serving in UNAMID and leaving their family far away. In addition to unpredictable security and adverse climate, this detachment from families at home becomes an extra mental pres-

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sure for Police Advisors. Despite fund constraints, the Police Welfare Unit, under the PCoS pillar, organizes counselling, cultural and recreational activities to reduce stress of Police Advisors and also to boost morale. Recently, the Welfare Unit has taken initiative to develop a Peer Helper Network to provide psychosocial support. In UNAMID, the emergence of unexpected challenges is almost a common phenomenon on the way to smooth completion of administrative activities. My team and I do our best to overcome the challenges with the spirit of professionalism, ultimately in the interest of contributing to peace in Darfur.

A police Advisor interacting with Sudanese women.

THE ROLE OF FEMALE POLICE OFFICERS IN DARFUR Clara GUNDA

The contributions of female peacekeepers in UNAMID are not limited to ground-level work. UNAMID women are establishing themselves in more challenging command and leadership positions.

P

eacekeeping has proven to be one of the most effective tools available to the United Nations to assist host countries in navigating the difficult path from conflict to peace. As the peace process moves forward in each peacekeeping operation, peacekeepers share the burden and make sacrifices. In modern-day peacekeeping, the role of the peacekeeper has evolved to encompass a broader humanitarian approach. Women have become an increasingly important part of that role. So what is the unique role of female Police Advisor in Darfur? For starters, the female Police Advisors here in Darfur are able to act as role models in the local environment, inspiring women and girls to push for their own rights and to participate in the peace process. The important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace negotiations, peace building, peacekeeping and humanitarian response is highlighted in the United Nations Security Council resolution on Women, Peace and Security. This resolution is gradually coming to fruition in UNAMID, as female Police Offers steadily work toward the elimination of discrimination against women and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights and humanitarian action. The culture in Darfur discourages women from speaking to men in certain situations, so female Police Advisors focus on interacting with women and raising awareness about the peacekeeping ideals that are attainable for women in Darfur’s communities. These interactions include interviewing victims of gender-based violence, monitoring and verifying security in camps for displaced people, and a broad variety of other work that brings female Police Advisors into direct contact with women in camps for displaced people and in rule of law and justice institutions. The establishment of UNAMID’s Police Women’s Network across Darfur has been one way of reinforcing professional and social contacts, building the capacity of Sudanese female Police Officers and working to

SEPTEMBER 2013

raise awareness and understanding of issues affecting both UNAMID and Sudanese female police officers. Statistics show that the number of female Police Advisors in UNAMID and other Missions is still relatively low. There is a general push to increase the number of women in peacekeeping operations to help specifically address issues that female Police Advisors are able to deal with more effectively than their male counterparts, due to cultural reasons. Women who are the victims of sexual- and gender-based violence, for example, are more inclined to talk with female Police Advisors than male ones. Female Police Advisors in Darfur have proven that they can perform the same roles, to the same standards and under the same difficult conditions as their male counterparts, which has helped UNAMID carry out its mandate. The activities and contribution of female peacekeepers not only involve ground-level operational work but also command and leadership positions. Recently, Ms. Hester Paneras from South Africa was appointed as UNAMID’s Police Commissioner, adding to the number of women in positions who are commanding units at Mission headquarters and in the sectors. As UNAMID Police Women, we know that obstacles must be overcome for our success. But victory comes only after struggle. Each struggle sharpens our skills and strength. Thus, each obstacle forces us to become better. Women, let us march together to victory, continuing to pursue our objectives together with passion, commitment and dedication to create the enabling environment for the males to support us, to curb the injustice against us and to join the global push to provide women with the security, safety and freedom they deserve.

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HAND OVER UNAMID HANDS OVER SUPPLIES TO FORABARANGA SCHOOL Clara GUNDA

``Wear armour of dedication in giving hope to the children who are desirous to learn irrespective of their circumstances.’’

D

uring Police Commissioner Hester Paneras’ visit to the Forabaranga camp for internally displaced people on 28 August 3013, Ms. Paneras had an opportunity to meet the

head teacher of the Bakhr Al Retha Basic School. During the discussion, Head Teacher Abdul Rahman Idriss asked the Police Commissioner to support the pupils with writing materials. As a result, Ms. Paneras worked with UNAMID’s Communications and Public Information Division (CPID) to organize a handover event. The items handed over to the students at the included shirts, exercise books, pencils, pens, scarves, hand bags, volleyballs, notebooks and hats. In addition to the support from CPID, Ms. Paneras and other members of the UNAMID Police component made personal contributions that included exercise books, school bags, pens, pencils, pumps and footballs. At the handover event, the Bakhr Al Retha Basic School pupils celebrated with the participating Mission staff, which included

Sector West Commander and Police Advisors during Forabaranga hand over.

UNAMID’s Sector West Head of Office, Mr. Dysane Dorani, Sector West Police Commander Mamouna Ouedreago, Special Assistant

wear the armour of dedication in giving hope to the children who

to Police Commissioner Pa Jallow, and representatives from UNA-

want to learn, irrespective of their circumstances. “As role models,

MID CPID, who helped distribute the school Items to the pupils.

you should find ways to sensitize the pupils on health-related is-

UNAMID Sector West Police Commander Mamouna Ouedrea-

sues and to help them in English,” the Police Commander added.

go spoke on behalf of the Police Commissioner and expressed

Mr. Abdul Rahman Idriss, the school’s Head Teacher, thanked

hope that the items will help boost the performance of the pu-

the Sector Commander, Head of Office and the rest of the UNA-

pils, adding that education is power in the modern world. “Those

MID team for their help and for what they have done for the pu-

who are educated will surely live a better life,” said the Sector

pils. Recalling that two weeks ago he asked the Police Commis-

West Police Commander. “An educated child is the future of his or

sioner to support the school when she visited them, he said he

her country.”

will now put more trust in UNAMID promises. He added that the

The Police Commander called on the Police Advisors to main-

entire school is grateful and noted that they will never forget the

tain the good relationship with the school management and to

consideration extended to them. “This shows that UNAMID is not

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Sector West Head of Office and Special Assistant to The Police Commissioner ready to distribute the items to the pupils.

only providing security for the people of Darfur but contributing toward the development of our children’s intellect, which is the most valuable asset for national development,� he said. Mr. Idriss also pointed out that, despite the efforts by the Government and the support from the international community, this school is among many in Darfur that lack basic amenities. He called on UNAMID to provide additional support. In response, the Head of Office stated that his office will coordinate with Police Component for the repair of the floor in the classrooms and that all other concerns will be channelled to the appropriate offices of UNAMID. Sector West Head of Office Handing over the items to the pupils.

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HAND OVER POLICE ADVISORS SUPPORT PUPILS IN ZALINGEI Sector Central PIO

T

he Sector Central Acting Team Leader for Family and Child Protection, Ms. Colle Senkondo, along with her Patrol Team, visited the Zalingei camp for internally displaced people to hand over educational materials for an English class held at the school. Prior to the handover event, the Police Advisors were welcomed by the supervisor of the class, Mr. Ahmed Mohammad Mohammad, and community leader Ms. Halima Omaa Osman. The items handed over included a white board, boxes of pencils, books and mats. On behalf of the displaced people in the area, Sheikh Ismail Abdallah Adam thanked the Sector West Police Commander and Child Protection Officers for the items and commended the work of Police Advisors in monitoring the security situation in the camp. He said these efforts built confidence about UNAMID’s capabilities. To the Police Advisors who contributed money to buy the items, he said he appreciates their loving spirit toward the children. Ms. Senkondo, speaking on behalf of the Police Advisors, said that the items represented a small gift from the Police Advisors who care about the welfare of the children. She said she hoped that the school will continue its good work teaching English to the children and in giving support whenever the need arises.

Police Advisor gives stationery to a young girl from Zalinge IDPs Camp.

Police Advisor handing over mats to the sheikh of the IDPs Camp.

A NEW MOSQUE FOR ABU SHOUK DISPLACED

D

Mohammed ALSAIRAFI

eputy Police Commissioner Syed Kaleem Imam and the Wali (Governor) of North Darfur officially commissioned a newly built mosque at the Abu Shouk camp for internally displaced people on 19 September 2013. After the commissioning of the newly built mosque, the Wali of North Darfur talked about the morals and coexistence of displaced people in Darfur, urging the community to be peaceful and always report their cases of crime to UNAMID Police or to the Sudanese Police. The Wali said there will be no meaningful development in Darfur if there is no peace and stability in the region, and advised all Sudanese to assist in making Darfur a peaceful and stable area for living. The mosque was built and furnished by the Egyptian Formed Police Unit (FPU). To mark the occasion, certificates of appreciation were handed over to the Egyptian Formed Police Unit in recognition of their support.

Sheikh of the Abu Shouk Central Mosque gives a word after the commissioning of the newly built Mosque by Egyptian FPU.

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QUICK IMPACT PROJECTS SECTOR SOUTH HEAD OF OFFICE & POLICE COMMANDER INAUGURATE QUICK IMPACT PROJECTS

Sector South PIO

O A group photo after handing over the blood bank equipment in Nyala.

Inspection of the Women Isolation Ward by the Sector South Head of Office and his team.

n 19 September 2013, UNAMID Sector South’s Head of Office, Mr. Imtiaz Hussain, along with Acting Sector Commander Police, Mr. Edmund Ohene Bosompem, along with their teams, officially handed over a renovated women’s isolation ward and blood bank equipment. These UNAMID projects, funded through the Mission’s quick-impact projects (QIPs) programme, are designed to improve the healthcare facilities in South Darfur. They were implemented by the nongovernmental organization Mubadiroon. The handover ceremony was attended by UNAMID officials as well as dignitaries from South Darfur. After the ceremony, the team inspected the implemented projects. In his remarks during the inspection, the Ministry of Health’s Dr. Mohammed Ali Sharif said he was pleased with the level of coordination with and support by UNAMID and said he is looking forward to further assistance. In his remarks, Head of Office Hussain stated that the cooperation with the Ministry of Health is one of the cornerstones of the Mission’s work to bring change to the lives of ordinary people. “These projects symbolize our commitment,” he said. “We cannot promise big things but our cooperation will continue.” The Head of Office also expressed appreciation for the efforts exerted by everybody to bring these projects to completion, and said he hoped the same dedication will lead to peace and prosperity in Darfur.

UPDATES FROM SECTORS CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION TRAINING FOR SUDANESE POLICE IN MALHA

Sector North Training Unit

T

he Sector North Training Unit, in collaboration with the Malha Team Site Police Advisors, concluded a five-day Criminal Investigation Training Course conducted in the Malha Locality Town Hall, North Darfur. The training was completed for 40 Sudanese Police Officers. The course, covered criminal interrogation, collection and preservation of evidence from crime scenes, along with interrogation, was set up to be consistent with the mandate of the UNAMID Police component in building the capacity of Sudanese Police. Closing the course on 28 September 2013, the Sudanese Police Coordinator, Lieutenant Mohammed Ahmed Omer, commended the working relations between UNAMID and Sudanese Police, and underscored the significant role of investigation as the backbone of any police service. Lieutenant Omer said that the standard of investigation reflects the professional competence of any law enforcement agency and stated that procedures related to the collection and preservation of evidence will help Sudanese Police Officers gain convictions against offenders in court. During the graduation ceremony, Malha Team Site Commander Edwin Mkenga commented on the usefulness of training in the police profession, and noted that, during the course, participants acquired theoretical and practical knowledge about investigation. He advised the graduates to

A group photo of Trained GoS Police Officers after the Criminal Investigation Course.

share their acquired knowledge with their colleagues to uplift the performance of local police. Certificates were given to all the participants in the training.

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UPDATES FROM SECTORS POLICE ADVISORS HELP CLEAN AL HUJAJ CAMP

Sector West PIO

Police Advisor and the IDPs removing the garbage around Al Hujaj Camp.

O

n Thursday 19 September 2013, UNAMID’s El Geneina Team Site in West Darfur organized a cleaning campaign in and around the Al Hujaj camp for displaced people. The campaign was attended by Police Advisors from El Geneina, members in the Police Women’s Network and displaced people from the Al Hujaj camp itself. The campaign was coordinated by team leader Mr. Lansana Sessay and community leader Sheikh Abdul Adam Suleiman. The aim of the campaign was to ensure that the area in and around the camp is clean, with the ultimate goal of reducing illnesses such as diarrhoea, malaria and skin borne diseases that are caused by the lack of hygienic areas. Mr. Lansana said that in the upcoming months the Sector West Police Advisors will be sensitizing all the camps around El Geneina about health issues so that the area can be clean and free from disease and mosquitoes. Sheikh Suleiman, speaking on behalf of the displaced living in the camp, said the displaced people are grateful to UNAMID for helping them clean their camp and stated that there is no doubt that the clean-

HUMAN RIGHTS COURSE HELD AT SUDANESE TRAINING CENTRE Sector North Training Unit

I

Police Advisor and Sheikh Abdul Adam Suleiman cleaning the surrounding Al Hujaj IDPs Camp.

ing campaign will have an impact on their health and especially on the heal of their children, as they are the most affected by diseases related to an unclean environment. He further said that, going forward, the members of the community will develop strategies to dispose their garbage more effectively and said he will organize meetings with the community to discuss the possibility of setting up a cleaning schedule. Originally, a nongovernmental organization was in charge of waste disposal for the camp. But after its departure, no one else took the responsibility. Now the responsibility lies in the hands of the members of the community living in the area. For the purpose of the cleaning campaign, UNAMID provided a truck to move the waste from the sites to the designated area.

n addressing humanitarian concerns, UNAMID’s Police component, in accordance with the Mission’s mandate, is focused on capacity-

building initiatives to empower the Sudanese Police Officers to achieve a higher level of professionalism in their policing work as they serve the people of Darfur. The issues of human rights, detention and the treatment of those detained are deeply connected, to the point that addressing one with the other can lead to positive results, particularly in an area such as Darfur. To focus on these issues and help the Sudanese Police strengthen their capabilities, Sector North’s Training Unit conducted a five-day train-

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A group p


UNAMID ESCORTS ADDRESS NEEDS OF THE COMMUNITY Clara GUNDA

“The patrols serve as part of the proactive measures by UNAMID to prevent, deter and respond to widespread and systematic sexual violence.”

T

he dynamic nature of conflict necessitates rapid change for the peacekeepers working in conflict zones. UNAMID’s Police component, in an effort to strengthen confidence among members of the Darfur community, has been doing patrols specifically to address the risks that displaced women and girls face as they collect firewood and grass for their animals. With many cases of sexual and gender-based violence having been reported in Darfur, these patrols are designed to assist the most vulnerable members of Darfur’s community. The patrols serve as part of the proactive measures taken by UNAMID to prevent, deter and respond to widespread and systematic sexual violence. The presence of peacekeepers during such firewood or farming activities enhances physical safety, and has directly resulted in a decline in the reported cases of sexual violence. The success of these patrols would not be achieved without constant consultation with firewood/grass collectors, especially women, and communication with the community before, during and after the patrols. The scheduled meetings and discussions ensure that all participants are in agreement about destinations, route, pace and conduct.

photo of Trained GoS Police Officers after the Course.

UNAMID Police Advisors providing security to the sudanese women during fire wood collection.

While such patrols are not a long-term solution to the security issues facing displaced women and girls in conflict-affected countries, they are playing an important role in enhancing protection, especially in volatile situations where violence can flare up quickly.

ing session from in September. The training

ed Ibrahim, expressed appreciation to the

focused on strategies to address human

trainers and thanked them for their dedica-

rights, detention and treatment of suspects.

tion in their duties. He added that the training

Thirty Sudanese Police Officers attended the

conducted by UNAMID is helping the Suda-

training, which was designed to strengthen

nese Police and noted that what the officers

their knowledge of international standards,

learned will help them achieve more profes-

such as the United Nations Charter and Trea-

sionalism in the areas of human rights and

ties. At the end of the workshop, the partici-

treatment of suspects.

pants had covered a broad variety of topics

The coordinator of the course, Ms. Imelda

related to human rights and detention, such

Mtweve, acknowledged the importance of

as the importance of prisoners being able to

the training in the context of Darfur and im-

contact the outside world.

plored all participants to extensively dissemi-

Speaking at the end of the workshop, the Sudanese Director of Training, Major Moham-

SEPTEMBER 2013

nate and use all acquired knowledge for the enhancement of lasting peace in Darfur.

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UPDATES FROM SECTORS HOSPITAL VISIT

P

Sector South PIO

olice Commissioner Hester Paneras, accompanied by Acting Sector South Police Commander Yanal AL-Khas, visited the Pakistan Level 3 Hospital in Nyala, South Darfur, to

meet with the peacekeepers who sustained injuries in Graida. The Police Commissioner expressed sympathy for them and said she appreciated their sacrifices for the people of Darfur. She said she wished them to get well soon and thanked the Level 3 Hospital officials for their outstanding hospitality and care of the patients. UNAMID Police Commissioner visiting a Peace Keeper in Nyala Level 3 Hospital.

WORKSHOP ON POLICE CUSTODY Sector Central PIO

O

n 23 September 2013, the UNAMID Rule of Law Section held a oneday workshop at UNMAID’s Police Training Centre in Zalingei, Central Darfur. The workshop, the topic of which was police custody in

a state of emergency, was opened by the Central Darfur Police Commissioner, who welcomed the participants and thanked UNAMID for organizing the event. He said the workshop will help the Sudanese Police and lawyers enhance their knowledge. The workshop included 30 participants altogether.

Cross section of Participants in the workshop.

T

he Arabic language is spoken by over 200 million people in almost 22 countries. Arabic speakers are mainly concentrated in the Middle East in an area expanding from the Arabian Gulf to the Atlantic Ocean; moreover, there are almost 3 million Arabic speakers living in the United States and Canada. Arabic is the Language of Quran, the Holy Book of Islam, so it is the language number one in almost all Islamic countries. It was adopted by the United Nations as one of its six official languages. The Arabic alphabet has 28 letters and each letter has rules for pronunciation. Almost all letters could be spelled in English; however, there are some letters that only exist in the Arabic language and have very special pronunciation like the KH, GH, and ‘AIN.

GENERAL PHASES I want to rent a room

Oureedou an asta’gour gourfa

I want from this kind

Oureedou min haza alsanf

I want a furnished room

Oureedou gorfa mafrosha

Can I try this?

Hal astateeou’ an ogarib haza?

What is the rent?

kam el eigaar?

What is the price?

Kam al sia’rouh?

I want it for ….(period)

Oureedou el gorfa lemodaa’…

Discount

Takhfeed

I want to clean the room

Oureedouk an tnazef al gourfa

Cheaper

Arkhass

Put the things her

Daa’ el agrrad hona

I do not want this kind

La oureedou haza el nnawa’ Mohammed AL-SAIRAFI

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PHOTO GALLERY

Organized by Ayman TAWFIQ

1

2

4

3

1- UNAMID Police Advisor in an English class at Bakhr Al Retha Basic School in Forobaranga IDPs Camp. 2- UNAMID DJSR in a group photo after his tour in Police offices at MHQ.

5

3- Indonesian delegation deliver a souvenir to Police Commissioner after the meeting. 4- Police Commissioner and DPC P&P meet General Mubarak, the Director of International Cooperation of the Ministry of Defense, During their offical visit to Khartoum. 5- Dr. Kaleem DPC OPs in a group photo with GoS Police officers after Public Order Response Training. 6- Certificate presented to a Police Advisor after Bagage Screening Course .

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UNAMID AFRICAN UNION - UNITED NATIONS HYBRID OPERATION IN DARFUR

UNAMID POLICE PUBLIC INFORMATION UNIT


Chronicle of UNAMID Police September 2013