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Towards More Sustainable Transportation at UMD David Allen Director, Department of Transportation Services (DOTS) 1


DOTS History “Transit Dependent Student”

“If you build it they will come.” UMD Parking

Low Income

Off Campus

ShuttleUM

More garages

More garages

More cars

1999: Parking expanded fleet to pick up students who could drive, thus removing commuter vehicles from campus 2002: Shuttle-UM and Parking Services merged creating DOTS 2004: Park and Rides and Intra-Campus service offered to further reduce commuter vehicles 2


Sustainable Transformation DOTS continues to search for innovative operational solutions with the lowest possible environmental impact. Additionally, we seek to change the behavior of students long after they graduate.

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Qualitative Decision Making • We gather information and recommendations from various stakeholders comprising of faculty, staff and students. • We also engage in collaborative efforts with various offices including the Office of Sustainability, Off-Campus Student Involvement, Campus Police, Campus Recreation and Stamp Student Union and others. • RESULTS – – – –

CIER Survey Student Organization Resolutions Joint Programming C-TAC Recommendations

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Quantitative Decision Making Shuttle-UM

Parking

Ridership Data

Lot Inventories

• Allows for determination of headways and the number of buses required.

• Determines capacity of a lot

Stop Analysis • Allows for adjustment of stop on a route.

Permit Analysis • Determines demand

Zip Code Analysis • Determines GHG impact 5


Ridership Data Ridership data is collected and analyzed by semester, by day of the week and by run.

Campus demand results in multiple peaks and valleys of demand due to class schedules. As a result, a bus can be full to capacity at 1:30 and almost empty at 2:40 and full again at 3:30. 6


Address Data Cluster map showing local addresses for students holding commuter student permits.

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Address Data We can isolate an address, such as U-View, to determine the number of permits in the area.

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Greenhouse Gas Emission Data (GHG)

Vehicle Count

30.5 30 29.5 29 28.5 28 27.5 27 26.5 26

1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Vehicle Counts

160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Fuel Efficiency (MPG)

Collaborations with the Office of Sustainability have resulted in sophisticated analyses of our green house gas emissions (GHG)

UM Student - Domestic Cars - 2009 Fleet Count 180 31.5 and Efficiency 31

Count: 1,718 ; 17% of fleet Average Fuel Efficiency: 29.05 MPG

Year

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Sustainable Initiatives Current • Bike Program • Hybrid Buses • Park and Rides • Zimride • Zipcar • License Plate Recognition Technology • BioDots

Future? • Parking restrictions • Vanpools • Carbon footprint based permit fees

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Where are we now?

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Parking Supply and Demand Parking Supply & Demand # of Spaces

21,000 20,500 20,000 19,500 19,000 18,500 18,000

Gross Parking Supply Net Parking Supply Parking Demand

FY 08

FY 09

FY FY FY 10 11 12 Fiscal Year

FY 13

FY 14

SUPPLY & DEMAND Gross Parking Supply Net Parking Supply Parking Demand Variance (net supply vs. demand) memo: Buffer1

FY 08 21,154 20,404 20,090

FY 09 20,988 20,238 19,680

FY 10 19,856 19,106 19,106

FY 11 19,483 18,733 18,733

FY 12 19,446 18,696 18,696

FY 13 19,846 19,096 19,096

FY 14 19,846 19,096 19,055

314

558

-

-

-

-

41

750

750

750

750

750

750

750

Note1: Buffer represents overflow and special demand (Maryland Day, History Day, etc.) requirements *Analysis completed12 in 2008


Shuttle-UM and Alternate Transportation Ridership Details Route

Ridership

General Use

Ridership

%change

2002

2009

1,224,757

2,627,029

2004

2009

Campus Connector North

68,245

78,143

14.5%

Campus Connector South

13,497

47,350

251%

2004

2009

Laurel

3,704

8,897

140%

Burtonsville

2,761

11,364

311%

Bowie

4,503

8,223

96%

Intra-campus Service

Park and Ride

Two Wheel Vehicle Bicycles Scooters

Registration

118%

%change

2008

2009

280

910

2008

2009

n/a

180

225% n/a 13


What’s Next? President Mote signed the Climate Action Plan. This plan calls for zero emissions by 2050. Suggested milestones for reducing the commuter carbon footprint are as follows: • By 2015 – a reduction of 3,450 commuter permits (7,659 MTCO2e annually by 2015); • 2015‐2020 – a reduction of an additional 1,200 commuter permits (an additional 2,664 MTCO2e annually by 2020, >10,323 annually post 2020); • 2020‐2025 – a reduction of an additional 1,200 commuter permits (an additional 2,664 MTCO2e annually by 2025, >12,987 annually, post 2025); and • 2025‐2050 – a reduction of an additional 6,050 commuter permits (an additional 13,431 MTCO2e annually by 2050, >26,418 annually, post 2050). 14


How much is 3450?

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Fixed vs. Variable Permit Costs D.O.T.S. FY10 BUDGETED EXPENSES Unrelated Other Operational Expenses, 4,326,761 , 29%

Variable Permit Expenses, 1,290,351 , 9%

Mandatory Expenses, 4,355,988 , 30% Mandatory Expenses Core Expenses Shuttle Expenses Unrelated Other Operational Expenses Variable Permit Expenses

Shuttle Expenses, 3,218,781 , 22%

Core Expenses, 1,508,525 , 10%

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Permit Reduction Savings $1,500,000

D.O.T.S. Variable Permit Impact $1,290,351

$1,250,000 $1,000,000 $750,000 $500,000

Amount available to apply to revenue shortfall from 3450

$352,632

$250,000 $0

27.3% 3,450 Permit Reduction Savings

100.0% Total Variable Permit Expenses 17


Revenue Shortfall Revenue Shortfall $2,500,000.00 $2,000,000.00

Revenue shortfall if all 3450 permits came from student commuters.

$1,393,800.00

$1,500,000.00 $1,000,000.00

$2,087,250.00

Revenue Shortfall $734,850.00

$500,000.00 $$213.00

$404.00

$605.00 18


Financial Constraints Savings

$352,632

Shortfall

-$734,859

Developer MOUs

COST $382,277 The cost increases if: •Shuttle services increase to meet added demand •Any of the reduced permits are faculty or staff

Parking subsidizes Shuttle budget Fee increases must be under 3% a year High Sensitivity to fee increases

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How committed are we?

Only if someone else pays for it.

Only in boom years.

The environment is priceless.

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Transportation Overview 2010 Sustainability Council  

University of Maryland Transportation Overview 2010 Sustainability Council