Two Row Times, December 7, 2022

Page 1

Six Nations Food Bank needs more for Christmas

The Six Nations Food Bank says it is grateful to have re ceived a generous donation from a local business owner but they’re still in dire need of more funding to stock their shelves.

Food Bank board mem bers said they were over whelmed with the response to an article in last week’s

the urgent need for money to help them buy enough food for the holidays.

Glenn Styres, owner of Ohsweken Speedway, dropped off a $10,000 cheque to the food bank on Tuesday and another anonymous donor also gave them a $10,000 cheque.

Styres said he is planning to hire a worker at his ex pense to help the food bank stock its shelves and he’s encouraging other local

business owners to step up and donate.

“We just want everyone to have a merry Christmas,” said Styres.

He said he heard how bad the situation is at the food bank and wanted to help.

Sharon Martin, one of the board members, said they can’t give away much food on food pick-up day every Thursday.

“I hear people say they come later in the day and

there’s nothing left.”

There’s canned goods but there’s barely any bread or eggs, she said.

Tracy Martin, food bank coordinator, said they had to cut portions from a full dozen eggs to half a dozen eggs.

“We’re rationing giving away food to people who need food,” she said.

The Six Nations Food Bank is serving an all-time high of visitors. Three years ago, before the pandemic,

the food bank served about 50 clients a week.

Now, it’s about 300 a week.

The food bank has no regular funding and relies on donations to operate.

The food bank gives away a small bag of dry goods every Thursday.

It’s all non-perishable and is meant to supple ment, but not completely support, those who need food on Six Nations.

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DONNA DURIC TWO ROW TIMES Two Row Times highlighting The Six Nations Food Bank received a $10,000 cheque from Ohsweken Speedway owner Glenn Styres to help them buy food this holiday season. DURIC


keeping you informed.

Total of $5 million in repairs to Six Nations roads needed within the next five years

A 2022 inspected of Six Nations bridges and culverts showed there are no urgent fixes needed but 12 of the structures will need to be repaired within the next five years, costing about $5 million.

There are an addition al 35 structures on Six Nations in need of work or coming to that point, said Curtis Stewart, of Macin tosh Perry Consulting.

According to provincial guidelines, all structures greater than three feet have to be inspected every two years, he said, and Six Nations has been follow ing that recommendation.

During the inspection, every bridge gets a rating of excellent, good or fair.

Over time, all structures will slowly deteriorate and the rating system helps determine when to repair them without hav ing to spend more money or sooner than required.

Six Nations has 19 bridges and 21 culverts.

The majority of those structures were built in the 60s.

Twenty per cent of Six Nations structures are in excellent condition. The rest are in fair condition and the critical ones have been repaired, Stewart told Six Nations Elected Council at last week’s po litical liaison meeting.

The most recent inspec tion in 2022 showed that 12 structures need to be repaired within at least a five-year timespan at a cost of about $5 million.

Four structures need to be repaired in 10 years’ time.

Two bridges on Six Nations were identified as being high priority for repair right away and two other bridge repairs are planned for 2023.

“There’s still plenty of work to go through but the most critical ones have

been addressed,” Stewart said.

The 12 structures aren’t a critical risk just yet and any new design standards are addressed when they’re being fixed, he said. Bridges usually last about 75 years before their lifespan is over.

Council heard that large trucks barreling through the territory are damaging bridges and roads at a faster pace.

“Our roads need atten tion so badly,” said Coun. Hazel Johnson.

Coun. Helen Miller agreed.

“I don’t know if we’ve ever done a traffic count before. Sixth line is getting really bad. Our roads and our bridges weren’t built for this kind of traffic, it was built for us; our little community to go back and forth. That is having an impact in our communi ty on most of our roads. Sixth line is getting really bad for traffic. I really think there’s a major con cern for all of the roads. Most of our roads are chip and tar. They weren’t made for this.”

Public Works Director Michael Montour said about eight to 10,000

vehicles a day travel down Chiefswood Road, one of the main roads bisecting the middle of the reserve.

He warned there will be upcoming repairs.

“You’re going to see a lot of work (on road resur facing),” said Montour.

Coun. Miller was con cerned though that Six Na tions doesn’t get enough infrastructure funding to maintain the roads and bridges.

Infrastructure funding is based on how many gas stations serve a geograph ic area.

She said, “We’re in the same category as Caledo nia or Hagersville. We’re getting really ripped off with this federal gas tax. We’re not a city but we certainly have the gas stations to support being a small city and get more money to fix our roads because that’s what they use to fix all their roads (the infrastructure fund). We contribute billions of federal taxes to the gov ernment with all our gas stations.”

Residential school children transferred to hospitals, sanatoriums

Former students at resi dential schools who were transferred from schools into hospitals or sanatori ums were likely subjected to multiple institution-driv en trauma.

This from the Special Interlocutor for Missing Children and Unmarked Grave and Burial Sites, Kim berly Murray, as she spoke to APTN earlier this week.

"These entities and orga nizations that operated the Indian residential schools and the federal hostels, were also operating the hospitals and were in the other types of institutions, the sanitoria and the refor matories,” said Murray.

“So, those same things that happened to the children in the residential schools , were happening to them when they got sent to these other institutions. I think that’s part of the history and the truth that is really starting to come out now that the TRC didn’t talk about.”

Murray told APTN that she believes that the dis covery is one of the further facets of truth that Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation

Commission did not ex plore during their limited time of investigating the Indian Residential Schools of Canada.

Murray said that people were familiar with the transferring of children to Indian hospitals but now they are looking also at youth detention centres and sanatoriums where students were transferred back and forth and what might have happened to the students who fell into that cycle.

Murray says that she expects more informa tion about the multi-level traumas that Indigenous children were subjected to in the residential school system similar to this will emerge as her work begins to uncover more records.

Murray is now six months into a two year mandate, after being appointed by the federal government as the Special Interlocutor.

Murray says that delays and not getting access to records has been one of the biggest challenges for the work investigating the missing children and unmarked graves. There is also a struggle to get people onto the lands where there may be graves located. They are also concerned with a lack of funding for mental well being for indig enous people as they begin to process the trauma of the unmarked graves being recovered.

Murray also spoke about the Mohawk mothers who went to court to put an injunction on McGill univer sity to halt construction as they look for unmarked graves around the grounds of the former sanatorium that was located on the university property, saying that the important work of her team is to make recommendations on how Canada can change its legal framework to respond eth ically when concerns about unmarked graves are raised by indigenous groups.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 2
In the next 5 years there are 12 road structures that need to be replaced costing $5 million.

Six Nations asking Enbridge for lower gas prices

Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council has agreed to enter talks with Enbridge over its line 10 expansions and as part of those talks, wants to nego tiate lower gas prices for Six Nations households.

“They’re so astronom ical,” said Coun. Audrey Powless-Bomberry, saying seniors and those on fixed incomes especially deserve a break on their gas bills.

Six Nations Lands and Resources Director Lonny Bomberry sought permis sion from elected council to enter into talks with Enbridge over its Line 10 replacement project.

The pipeline crosses traditional Six Nations territory and is known as the Westover segment in southern Ontario.

Enbridge has had a shaky history with First Nations in southern Ontar

io, having faced numerous protests regarding its con troversial Line 9B expan sion project.

The Chippewas of the Thames had taken En bridge to court over that project, saying they weren’t consulted or accommo dated, but they lost in a supreme court decision in 2017, said Bomberry.

“This council back in the day was in support of that (court case against En bridge) and didn’t want to talk to Enbridge until that court case was resolved. It worked its way all through to the Supreme Court and it’s fair to say that Chip pewas of the Thames lost. That doesn’t mean there wasn’t a duty to consult and accommodate. They did enter into a benefit agreement with Enbridge and Enbridge still wants to come to some arrange ments with Six Nations be cause their lines - line 9, 10 and 11 - are going through Six Nations territory. They want to do this by entering

into a memorandum of understanding to enter into those discussions.”

Elected Council agreed to sign a memorandum of understanding with Enbridge at last week’s political liaison meeting.

Councillors told Bomb erry Six Nations should talk about getting fuel delivery charges removed as part of the discussions with Enbridge.

“Enbridge says they’re willing to talk about that if this MOU is signed with council,” said Bomberry.

Coun. Helen Miller said she was concerned because Enbridge applied to the Ontario Energy Board to raise its rates.

“We can’t afford to raise our rates,” said Miller.

Chief Mark Hill encour aged a push for reduced gas bill rates.

“We want all of our members to have de creased rates and no deliv ery charges.”

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 3

Six Nations General Finance Briefs

OHSWEKEN — Six Nations Housing is building another duplex. Six Nations Housing was approved $850,000 from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp (CMHC) to build another duplex.

Kawenni:io/Gaweniy:o private school is applying for $170k in funding. The language immersion school is applying to Indige nous Services Canada for $170,000 to fund the com pletion of new school build drawings from K.L. Martin and Associates. The private school has been operating out of the second floor of the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena for over a decade and secured land beside Six Nations Polytechnic for a new school but they’re still short of the $30 million needed to build the school.

Elected Council ap proved Commissioner indemnities and extended the funding agreement for the Six Nations Cannabis Commission.

The Commission is shifting into operations mode and is working with retailers on the territory as well as local producers to bring cannabis operators into the licensed industry — which would eventually see cannabis operators making regular commu nity contributions to the entire community through the arms-length cannabis regulator.

Six Nations Elected Council agreed to provide indemnities for the Six Nations Cannabis Com mission members and personnel. The indemni ties are a mechanism that protects Commissioners from being personally liable for decisions made during their duration as a board member. The former members of the Six Nations Cannabis Commission’s Commissioners and staff were indemnified previous to this and and the decision made during Monday’s meeting indemnifies the new Commissioners and staff since new members and staff were brought in.

Chief of Staff Tammy Martin previously stated that the indemnity exten sions and approvals were put over from a discussion earlier in the summer that had been delayed for quite some time.

Additionally the SNGR extended the memo of understanding and funding agreement with the Com mission. SNGR Senior Ad ministrative Officer Darrin Jamieson made the recom mendation to the council that the MOU be extended for 12 more months so the Commission could carry on with work including establishing a community outreach person to engage with cannabis operators.

The funding agreement within the MOU with the Cannabis Commission has been approved as a loan by SNGR. This means that the Six Nations commu nity will eventually see all investments made into the building of the cannabis commission paid back once the Commission is cash flow positive from contri butions.


Game of the Week Episode 1 Escape From Tarkov [PC]

How would you act in a lawless wasteland? Would you shoot first, and ask questions later? Try to be friendly? What if it’s your teammate who should be back any minute? Can’t risk it. Better stay hidden.

Escape From Tarkov is by far the most im mersive gun-simulator game on the market. You are plunged into real-life locations with little to no guidance. Pick from an ar senal of guns both old and new, pack your magazines bullet-by-bullet, and travel the wasteland clutching your favourite firearm and looting what you can.

Each round (raid) is anywhere between 7-40 minutes. You must reach an extraction point before the time runs out. Choose

your teammates wisely, and enjoy one of the best videogame experiences of all time.

Since the public open beta started in 2017, Escape From Tarkov (EFT) has been a fan-favourite. The gameplay mechanics are both enjoyable and satisfying to master. With 3D models of every item and accurate gun-part compatibility, you are met with unimaginable cus tomization and variety in the gameplay experience.

One of the best things about EFT, is the lack of UI

and “video game” feeling. It truly feels like a simula tor and the pacing is very realistic. As a simulator, you have precise control over every aspect of the game. From how fast you walk, and how low you crouch, to the armor and headphones you wear.

EFT does push the lim its of computing and does require a modern CPU to run adequately. The game is around $50CAD and does go on sale frequently. You can follow GameTechniqueTV on Twitch and YouTube.

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White people given "indian names", adopted into Confederacy

A photo of a Six Nations man bestowing an ‘Indian Name’ on Johnny Cash got some conversations going on indigenous media sourc es online last week.

The image, shows Joseph Logan, adjusting a Sioux style war bonnet on the head of John Cash as his wife stands by. The duo gave Johnny Cash the name ‘DaGynDaGeah” which means “He is Coming with the Song” and June Carter Cash was given a beaded headdress, and a wolf sym bol necklace after receiving the name “GaGeCheWeeh” which means “Carrying Flowers”.

The original photo ap peared in the Toronto Star following Cash’s perfor mance at the CNE on August 24th and 25th in 1970. It said that Cash autographed his ‘Bitter Tears’ album and said it was “played every Sunday in the Iroquois village on Grand River”.

This was not the first time Cash was given an “Indian Name” by Haudeno saunee people.

In 1966, just after Cash released his ‘Bitter Tears’ album dedicated to Amer ican Indian activism — he was invited by the Senecas of Allegany where he was adopted into the Seneca Turtle clan for his work as ‘an indian rights champion’ recognizing his work to highlight the Seneca battle against the Kinzua Dam on the Allegheny River.

He was officially adopt ed in a public ceremony in front of 1500 people, including 200 indigenous audience members from Western New York reserva tions, on the stage of Melo dy Fair in North Tonawanda on June 25, 1966 and given the name ‘Hago’ata” which means “Storyteller”.

Nettie Watt, clan moth er to the Allegany Seneca Turtles presented Cash with a pair of moccasins, Dor

othy Jimerson gave him a beaded necktie and Stephen Abrams presented him with a headdress.

The man so nice, they named him twice.

When some of the actual Haudenosaunee people have never been named once. Something that is a sore point for many de scendants of the Iroquoian nations.

Cash is just one of a large roster of non-Haudenos aunee people who were adopted and given names by the Haudenosaunee.

Some people were not only given indigenous names but made “honorary chiefs” of the Haudenos aunee.

His Majesty King George of England was named On ontehah and made a chief of the nation.

In his 1897 book “People of the Longhouse”, Edward Marion Chadwick, who was made honorary chief Thagoyohgwisaks, keeps a list of names of those who were adopted into the Haudenosaunee.

In 1869, Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn was given the name “Karakonteh” which means Flying Sun. His daughter Princess Patricia was also given a name.

The Earl of Aberdeen was adopted in October 1896 into the Seneca Tur tles and was given the name “Deorounyathe” which means Bright Sky.

Allen Cleghorn, who was a Brantford man who got the Brant Memorial in Victoria Park installed, was adopted into a Bear clan during a grand council in 1856 and was given the name “Karihowane” or “Kariwiho”. His adoption was considered a special affair and he was granted at seat at council and had what seems like an open in vitation to return to his seat when required. Cleghorn

repaired and decorated the interior of the Mohawk Chapel at his own expense.

Major Hayter Reed, Deputy Superintendent of Indian Affairs, was given the name “Dakarihhontye” which means “Flying Mes senger”.

Robert William Barker was adopted into the Bear clan and given the name “Karihontyeh”. He was the Inspector of Post Offices.

Indian department offi cial Absalom Dingman was also adopted and given a name though it is not listed.

Reverend Robert James Robert, a missionary with the New England Company, was adopted into the Bear Clan and given the name Deyonronhyateh.

Duncan Milligan, also a member of the New England Company, was ad opted into the Deer clan and given the name “Sakoyane hhawe”.

Missionary Reverent Robert Cameron was ad opted into the Wolf clan and given the name “Dehorih watheh”.

Captain Edwin Duncan Cameron, Superintendent

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of the Reserve, was adopted into the Cayuga Bear clan and vine the name “Dehas watdatwa”.

Captain William Ham ilton Merritt, was adopted by the Cayuga Turtles and given the name “Roronoun gowane”. He is the grand son of the first William Hamilton Merrit, who was also adopted by the Haudenosaunee and made an honorary chief of the Cayuga nation.

Major Edward Marion Chadwick was adopted by the Mohawk Turtles and given the name “Shag otyohgwisaks” which means “one who seeks a gathering of the people” in reference to his formation of a Six Nations militia.

Honorary chieftainships were bestowed upon many people including:

Honourable Walter Hum pries Montague - a doctor and MP for Haldimand.

Lewis Henry Morgan was adopted into the Seneca Hawk clan and given the name “Tayadawahkugh” which means “one lying across”. His adoption was noted to be an honour for

efforts to halt a land grab by the Ogden Land Company in the 1840s.

William Wilson, “Rahri wanonneh”, Wolf.

Lieutennant-Colonel Robert Henry Davis, “Rahnerehawe” who was the late commanding 37th Haldimand Rifles.

Lieutennant-Colonel Robert Lottridge Nelles, “Kahnedogonah” which means “Among the Pines” by the Oneida Wolf.

Major William George Mutton, adopted and named by the Mohawks “Rohehhon” which means “energetic man”.

Charles Bernhard Heyd, “Tayendanehgeh” who was the MP for South Brant.

Levi Secord, a physician of the Brantford Reserve and adopted by the Bear clan given the name “Kye honhanoronh”.

Another physician, H.R. Frank, was also adopted and named but his name is not listed.

Former honorary chiefs were listed as:

Sir William Johnson, Su perintendent of Six Nations, “Warraghiyagey”.

Hugh, second Duke of Northumberland was given the name of “Thorigowe geri” — “the evergreen brake” which was alluding to him possessing a heredi tary title.

His son — Hugh, third Duke of Northumberland was given the name “Deyon highkon”. The sis also a hereditary title Deyonge ghweh.

Col. John Graves Simcoe, Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada from 17921796 was given the name “Deyonguhokrawen” said to mean “one whose door is always open”. Members of his staff were also adopt ed when they traveled to Grand River on March 6, 1793.

Col. James Fitzgibbon was named “Thoriewaya

rie” for his part in the war of 1812.

Sir John Alexander MacDonald, Prime Minister of Canada, was given an indigenous name though it is not noted.

Lieutenant-Col. Jasper Tough Gilkison, Superin tendent of the Grand River Reserve from 1862-1891 was adopted by the Wolf clan and given the name “Sojijowaneh”.

The former principal of the Mohawk Institute, Arch deacon Abran Nelles, was named “Shadekareenhes” which means two trees of equal height”.

There are also white women who were named:

Ms. Margaret Priscilla Cameron, “Konwahendeks” which means “A leader”, was adopted by the Cayuga Bear.

Mrs. Clara Alberta Cameron, “”Kaihwenhawa” which means “Messenger” was adopted by the Onon daga Beavers.

Mrs. Converse, “Yeari hwanonneh” of New York was adopted by the Snipe clan.

Mrs. Mary Emily Rose Holden, “Karihwentha wi” was adopted by the Onondaga Beavers for her work with the Wentworth Historical Society.

Mrs. Maria Martha Chadwick, “Katighjon hawe” means “the bouquet carrier” was adopted by Mohawk Deers.

Mrs. Maggie Merritt, “Kanoronhkwa” was named “One who loves” and was adopted by Cayuga Bears. She was the wife of Captain William Merritt.

Miss Catharine Nina Merritt, “Kariwenahwe”, was the granddaughter of the Hon. William Hamilton Merritt. She was adopted by the Onondagas, in part for her work in writing a play “When George the Third was King” in 1897. She cast real indigenous people from Six Nations.

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TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 6
Names, titles and clans were customarily granted to non-Haude nosaunee people adopted into the Iroquois Confederacy. BA

Originating from Mexico, poinsettias are often con sidered the Christmas flow er and rarely will you have a hard time getting your hands on one leading up to the big day. Their bright red leaves, often mistaken for the plant’s petals, are a hard-to-miss-sight during the holidays.

But why did poinset tias become so popular at Christmas? And what are some easy tips to care for them so you can still enjoy their appeal after the clock strikes midnight on New Year’s eve?

Where are poinsettias from?

The website whychristmas. com says poinsettia plants are native to Central Amer ica, especially an area of southern Mexico known as 'Taxco del Alarcon' where they flower during the winter. Aztecs called them ‘cuetlaxochitl' and they had many uses for them including using the leaves to make a purple dye for

Why poinsettias are the official Christmas flower

clothes and cosmetics. The milky white sap was made into a medicine to treat fevers.

“The poinsettia was made widely known be cause of a man called Joel Roberts Poinsett. He was the first Ambassador from the USA to Mexico in 1825. Poinsett had some green houses on his plantations in South Carolina and while visiting the Taxco area in 1828, he became very interested in the plants. He immediately sent some of the plants back to South Carolina, where he began growing the plants and sending them to friends and botanical gardens,” says the site.

Poinsett sent plants to a friend of his named John Bartram from Philadelphia.

“At the first Philadelphia flower show, Robert Buist, a plants-man from Penn sylvania saw the flower and he was probably the first person to have sold the poinsettias under their botanical, or Latin name, euphorbia pulcherrima. They were first sold as cut flowers. It was only in the early 1900s that they

were sold as whole plants for landscaping and pot plants.” Says the site.

According to the website, the Ecke family from south ern California was one of the first to sell the plant as whole plants and they are still the main producer of the plants in the U.S. It is thought that they became known as poinsettia in the mid 1830s when people found out who had first

brought them to America from Mexico.

Poinsettias and Christmas

There is an old Mexican legend about how poinset tias and Christmas come together, it goes like this:

There was once a poor Mexican girl called Pepita who had no present to give the baby Jesus at the Christ mas Eve Services. As Pepita walked to the chapel, sadly,

her cousin Pedro tried to cheer her up.

“Pepita,” he said. "I'm sure that even the smallest gift, given by someone who loves him will make Jesus Happy.”

Pepita didn't know what she could give, so she picked a small handful of weeds from the roadside and made them into a small bouquet. She felt embar rassed because she could only give this small present to Jesus. As she walked through the chapel to the altar, she remembered what Pedro had said. She began to feel better, knelt down and put the bouquet at the bottom of the nativity scene.

Suddenly, the bouquet of weeds burst into bright red flowers and everyone who saw them was sure they had seen a miracle. From that day on, the bright red flowers were known as the ‘Flores de Noche Buena’, or ‘Flowers of the Holy Night.’

The shape of the poin settia flower and leaves are sometimes thought of as a symbol of the Star of Beth lehem which led the Wise Men to Jesus. The red-co

loured leaves symbolize the blood of Christ. The white leaves represent his purity.

Caring for poinsettias HGTV has some tips on how to care for your poinsettia throughout the holidays:

Warm poinsettias With Ample Sunlight: This may seem strange due to their holiday connotations, but poinsettias are tropical plants. Provide lots of sun light. If your plant's leaves are touching a cold window, they may drop off.

Water poinsettias: Make sure to water the poinsettia whenever the surface of the soil feels dry. Give the plant a good watering, but don't flood or soak it — gravel in the bottom of the pot will help keep the roots dry. If your home is dry during the winter months, a humidifier or plant mister can help your plant stay hydrated.

Prevent leaf loss: If your plant starts to lose leaves, there are a few likely culprits. Ask yourself these questions: Is the plant rest ing against a cold window or near a draft? Is it too warm or dry in the room?

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 8
Is the plant thirsty? If the leaves wilt and the soil gets dry to the touch, water your poinsettia right away. If the soil is soggy when the leaves fall, you've probably watered too much. FILE TWO ROW TIMES

This holiday season - shop local shop native

The importance of small businesses to the econo my cannot be overstated. Though national chains of ten garner publicity, local businesses are equally, if not exceedingly, worthy of attention.

What defines a small business as “small” varies significantly, but these businesses are generally privately owned and gen erate far less revenue than big corporations.

Statistics Canada con siders a small enterprise as one with fewer than 100 employees, including those that do not report any employment. Medi um-sized enterprises have 100 to 499 employees, and a large one has more than 500. Small- and medium-sized business

es made up nearly all employer businesses in Canada in 2021.

Here’s a look at why small businesses are so vital, and why consumers should direct more of their purchasing power to smaller companies rather than the big box retailers and other national chains.

1. Autonomy and diver sity: The layout and of ferings at national chains will be identical whether you live in the mountains or at the beach. Big box stores follow a consistent marketing strategy and look the same regardless of where they are located. That familiarity can come at the cost of variety. On the other hand, an inde pendent business offers products and services that are reflective of the cus tomers and the communi ty they serve.

2. Local hiring strategy: Certain big box retailers

will hire local residents, but hiring policies may push for promotion from within the organization. This could mean relocat ing an employee rather than bringing in someone from the community who may be more in tune with local sensibilities. Small businesses may be more inclined to hire residents they know and keep hiring centralized to the local area — something that keeps more resources and money in the community.

3. Adaptability and change: Local businesses can move more quickly to respond to economic fac tors that require change. Since they are focused more on the needs of their customers rather than stockholders, changes can be implemented rapid ly without having to go through red tape, meet ings and updates to corpo rate policies. Changes also

can be customized to the local community at large.

4. Investing in the town: According to the financial resource Financial Slot, shopping at locally owned businesses rather than big box retailers keeps more money in the community.

Local property taxes and other taxes paid by the businesses go right back into the community. This helps raise overall value for homeowners and can even reduce their taxes. The funding helps keep police, fire and school departments functioning properly.

5. Turnover is greater: While no one wants to see a small business fail, that fate is sometimes unavoidable. However, that turnover helps teach communities what was done poorly and helps others learn from those mistakes.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 10

How consumers can help small businesses

Small businesses continue to be the backbone of the North American business community. Supporting small businesses on First Nations territories is also beneficial as the money goes directly into that com munity’s economy.

In 2002, Statistics Can ada said there were 1.22 million employer business es in the country. Of these, 1.2 million were small businesses. The financial wellness company Fortunly says that small businesses account for nearly half of all private sector jobs in Canada.

Despite the prevalence of small businesses and the abundance of people willing to become entrepre neurs, 20 per cent of these firms fail within the first year, and only 55 per cent survive five years or more. The COVID-19 pandemic was particularly harsh on small businesses. However,

many of them survived through digitization and plan to continue using it even after the pandemic is long gone.

Maintaining a small business through economic highs and lows and other issues often comes down to customer involvement. Consumers are the driving forces behind the success of small businesses.

Here are some effective ways for consumers to help small businesses grow.

Shop local: The “Shop Local” movement has been around for a while but remains as relevant as ever. Shopping local means becoming repeat patrons at independent businesses as opposed to the chain stores that dominate strip malls.

Share on social: So cial media can be a great way to spread the word about businesses you like and point out particular examples of why you shop there. Utilizing social media platforms to highlight the positive attributes of a busi ness can help that business grow.

Engage online: Com plicated algorithms and other factors determine how a business’ website or social media page gets seen by the public. You can help things along by liking pages, visiting the website frequently and sharing any posts.

Speak about a business in person: When out and about, whether you’re din ing with friends or chatting with a stranger, try to push and recommend businesses you support. If someone compliments your lawn, shoes or haircut, mention the businesses that did the work or sold you the products.

Suggest opportunities for exposure: If you know about a school or organi zation looking for vendors, make the suggestion to a small business you use frequently. They may get new customers from partic ipating in the event.

Small businesses are driving forces in the econo my. Consumers can do their part to keep them thriving and profitable.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 11

Families will pay $1,065 more for groceries in 2023, report says

lead author of the report and Dalhousie University professor of food distribu tion and policy.

HALIFAX — Canadians won't escape food infla tion any time soon.

Food prices in Canada will continue to escalate in the new year, with grocery costs forecast to rise up to seven per cent in 2023, new research predicts.

For a family of four, the total annual grocery bill is expected to be $16,288 — $1,065 more than it was this year, the 13th edition of Canada's Food Price Report released Monday said.

A single woman in her 40s — the average age in Canada — will pay about $3,740 for groceries next year while a single man the same age would pay $4,168, according to the report and Statistics Canada.

Food inflation is set to remain stubbornly high in the first half of 2023 before it starts to ease, said Sylvain Charlebois,

``When you look at the current food inflation cycle we're in right now, we're probably in the seventh-inning stretch,'' he said in an interview.

``The first part of 2023 will remain challenging ... but we're starting to see the end of this.''

Multiple factors could influence food prices next year, including climate change, geopolitical con flicts, rising energy costs and the lingering effects of COVID-19, the report said.

Currency fluctuations could also play a role in food prices. A weaker Canadian dollar could make importing goods like lettuce more expensive, for example.

Earlier this year the loonie was worth more than 80 cents US, but it then dropped to a low of 72.17 cents US in October amid a strengthening U.S. dollar. It has hovered near the 74 cent mark in recent

weeks, ending Friday at 74.25 cents US.

``The produce section is going to be the wild card,'' Charlebois said. ``Curren cy is one of the key things that could throw things off early in the winter and that's why produce is the highest category.''

Vegetables could see the biggest price spikes, with estimates pegging cost increases will rise as high as eight per cent, the report said.

In addition to currency risks, much of the produce sold in Canada comes from the United States, which has been struggling with extremely dry conditions.

``The western U.S., particularly California, has seen strong El Nino weather patterns and droughts and bacterial contaminations, and that's impacted our fruit and vegetable suppliers and prices,'' said Simon Som ogyi, campus lead at the University of Guelph and professor at the Gordon S. Lang School of Business and Economics.

``The drought is making the production of lettuce more expensive,'' he said. ``It's reducing the crop size but it's also causing bacterial contamination, which is lessening the sup ply in the marketplace.''

Prices in other key food categories like meat, dairy and bakery are predicted to soar up to seven per cent, the researchers found.

The Canadian Dairy Commission has approved a farm gate milk price increase of about 2.2 per cent, or just under two cents per litre, for Feb. 1, 2023.

``The increase for Feb ruary is reasonable but it comes after the unprece dented increases in 2022, which are continuing to work their way through the supply chain,'' Charle bois said of the two price hikes of nearly 11 per cent combined in 2022.

Meanwhile, seafood is expected to increase up to six per cent, while fruit could increase up to five per cent, the report said.

Restaurant costs are expected to increase four to six per cent, less than supermarket prices, the report said.

Rising prices will push food security and afford ability even further out of reach of Canadians a year after food bank use reached a record high, the report said.

The increasing reliance on food banks is expected to continue, with 20 per cent of Canadians report ing they will likely turn to community organizations in 2023 for help feeding their families, a survey in cluded in the report found.

Use of weekly flyers, coupons, bulk buying and food rescuing apps also ticked up this year and is expected to continue growing in 2023, the report said.

``We're in the era now of the smart shopper,'' said Somogyi, also the Arrell Chair in the Business of Food.

``For certain genera tions, it's the first time that they've had to make

a list, not impulse buy, read the weekly flyers, use coupons, buy in volume and freeze what they don't use.''

Last year's report pre dicted food prices would increase five to seven per cent in 2022 — the big gest jump ever predicted by the annual food price report.

Food costs actually far exceeded that forecast.

Grocery prices were up 11 per cent in October com pared with a year before while overall food costs were up 10.1 per cent, according to Statistics Canada.

``We were called alarm ists,'' Charlebois said of the prediction that food prices could rise seven per cent in 2022. Critics called the report an ``exaggera tion,'' he said.

``You're always one crisis away from throw ing everything out the window,'' Charlebois said.

``We didn't predict the war in Ukraine, and that really affected markets.''


know the score.

Down Below Lacrosse on top at Dreamcatcher Lacrosse Festival

SIX NATIONS — This past weekend, the 7th Annual Lacrosse Festival held by the Dreamcatcher Char itable Foundation saw 12 teams compete at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena (ILA).

The first day of the tournament on Friday,

December 2 opened with a game between the Blazers and Down Below Lacrosse, finalizing 5-11. Next were the Hawks and Rez Dogs, finishing at 3-13. Next were the Iron men versus the Willow Grove Grizzlies, which ended in a tie 6-6. Next came Frog Pond Maulers versus Sting, which ended 7-5. Then, the 32’s took on the Blazers and came out on top 13-3. And finally,

the day ended with a match between the Light ning and Hawks which ended 9-6.

The second day, Satur day, December 3, saw over 10 games throughout the day beginning with the 32’s versus Down Below Lacrosse, 6-8. Then the Rez Dogs versus the Wil low Grove Grizzlies 6-5, Lightning versus Ironmen 3-6, Blazers versus Sting 7-8, Frog Pond Maulers

versus 32’s 11-8, Hawks versus Willow Grove Griz zlies 6-15, Rez Dogs ver sus Lightning 8-6, Down Below Lacrosse versus Sting 7-4, Frog Pond Maul ers versus Blazers 12-5, Hawks versus Ironmen 3-14, Lightning versus Willow Grove Grizzlies 1-8, 32’s versus Sting 114, Down Below Lacrosse versus Frog Pond Maulers 6-7. To finish the day, the Rez Dogs and Ironmen

met and came out with a tie 5-5.

The third day, Sunday, December 4, saw two semi-final games with between the four teams with the most goals for. The Rez Dogs were paired with Down Below Lacrosse, and the Frog Pond Maulers were paired with the Ironmen. In hard fought games, Down Be low Lacrosse won over the Rez Dogs 9-3, and the Frog

Pond Maulers won over the Ironmen 9-7, cinching the two spots in the final. That evening, the game was close until the third period, where Down Be low Lacrosse took the lead and maintained a 9-6 win. Danton Miller was named Player of the Game for the Frog Pond Maulers, and Elan Henhawk was named Player of the Game for Down Below Lacrosse.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 16
Down Below fought the Frog Pond Maulers and were victorious with a 9-6 win. Elan Henhawk was named Player of the Game for the Downbies and Danton Miller got Player of the Game for Frog Pond. TRT Dreamcatcher Lax Festival was held at the Iroquois Lacrosse Are na on Six Nations. TRT STAFF REPORT TWO ROW TIMES The Dreamcatcher Lacrosse Festival was back this weekend with 12 teams competing for top place - Down Below Lacrosse ultimately took the championship and bragging rights. TRT

New PBLA is set for inaugural season with Six Nations talent signed

French, Ben French, Dylan Maltz, Ryan Dresser, Tyler Nation, Tyler Shoults, Billy Ward, Max Wayne, and Matt Pratt.

On December 6, the new Professional Box Lacrosse Association (PBLA) situat ed in the USA announced an agreement entered with Watch Lacrosse Television for a broadcast package of the inaugural, upcoming season. The partnership will feature a “PBLA Gameof the-Week” as well as a bi-weekly, half-hour show, “PBLA TODAY”.

Formerly, Lax Sports Network, LacrosseTV, broadcasts live college, high school, amateur, and international lacrosse games. LacrosseTV also produces hundreds of hours of live programming including its signature show Lacrosse Now, Happy Hour, and Watch Party.

The 2022-23 schedule begins later this month, with the first game to see the Jim Thorpe All-Amer icans play the Syracuse Spark. As of October, nine teams with rosters of ten were named to the PBLA 2022-23 season.

The Jim Thorpe All-Americans include Liam Wright, Kurtis Wood land, Jonathan Jimerson, Kessler Doolittle, Rod Squire, Ashton Jacobs, Ben Austin, Patrick Timothee, Chauncy Hill and Layne Smith.

The Binghampton Bombers roster includes Jake Laze, Ty Thompson, Ryan Hotaling, Leland Powless, Matthew Ben nett, Cameron Simpson, Derek Hopps, Donny, Moss, Jeff Geddis, and Waylan Abrams. The Charlotte Bootleggers roster in cludes Marcus Holman, Joe

The Salem Mayhem roster includes Kyle Leem ing, Brayden Brown, Eric Dickinson, Reece Eddy, David Procopio, Andy Mey ers, Jacob Morris, Bobby Dick, Wille Geise, and Todd Lloyd. The Hampton Ham merheads roster includes Chase Martin, Joel Tinney, Gale Thorpe, Mark Kirby, Kerry Kane, Cam Horn, Tyler Armstrong, Billy O’Brien, Kobi Johnson and Dylan Rice. The New En gland Chowderheads ros ter includes Tom Palasek, Tommy McKee, Andrew Bracy, Eddie Douhall, Peter Strzetelski, Clay Arnold, Alex Trippi, Matt Huggett, Matt Johnson, and Lukas Buckley.

The Syracuse Spark roster includes Edmund Cathers, Thomas Kelly, Dylan Donahue, Skylark Thomas, Trevor Stacey, Leroy Halftown, Kaleb Benedict, Zachary Hopps, Carmen Papa, and Jay Chubb. The ninth team, the Trenton Terror roster includes Phillip Buque, Pat Crosby, Nick McEvoy, George Downey, Adam Yet, Kyle Worsley, James Much, Chris Lieze-Hammel, Andrew Hasz, and Hayden Fox.

Back in September, between the 9 and 11, the PBLA invited 100 of the top players to try out for the league in Elmira, New York. The event was open to the public at First Arena and provided players with the opportunity to speak with Hall of Famers and meet with fans. Through the combine, the Elmira Renegades Roster acquired Bradley Voigt, Brett Logan, Maccoy Abrams, Dawson Tait, Cody Radziewicz, James Chadwick, Adam Osika, Owen Hill, Jacob Pulver and Davey Jones.

Three more games are set to continue on Friday, December 30, at 7 p.m., EST, with the Bombers facing up against the Ren egades, Mayhem versus Hammerheads, and Terror versus Chowderheads.

Nathan Lickers earns Silver Medal

WINNIPEG — The 2022-2023 Skate Canada Challenge, of Junior and Senior divisions, took place between Novem ber 30 and Decem ber 3, at the Seven Oaks Arena at Gar den City in Mani toba. Out of seven competing pairs in the Senior Dance category, Nathan Lickers of Six Na tions and his partner Lily Hensen earned 179.42 points over all, which gave them second place in the division. The duo will be venturing to Oshawa next Jan uary with two per sonal best scores.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 17 Stay home if you feel unwell If you have a fever cough and difficulty breathing seek medical attention and call in advance IF YO OUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING SEEK MEDICAL CARE EARLY 2 M / 6 FT S I X N A T I O N S M O B I L E C R I S I S S E R V I C E S The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8 30am 4:00pm A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker an d receive messages through text The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8 30am 4:00pm The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services is a confidential service offering crisis support to Six Nations of the Grand River The new features run through a program which offers safe and encrypted technology to keep conversations confidential and secure 2 4 / 7 C R I S I S P H O N E L I N E 866 445 2204 or 519 445 2204 L I V E C H A T ( M E S S A G I N G ) Link on sixnationscovid19 ca under Crisis Support Live Chat T E X T M E S S A G I N G 226 777 9480 C O N F I D E N T I A L S E R V I C E S OPTOMETRIST DR.ANNETTEDELIO 345ArgyleStreetSouthUnit#104,Caledonia,ONN3W1L8 Phone:905-765-4362(iDOC) Fax:905-765-1362 Monday,WednesdayandFriday9:00am–5:30pm TuesdayandThursday9:00am–7:00pm Saturdays9:00am–4:00pm NewPatientsWelcome! ALL Women's 2022-2023 season begins
BRITISH COLUMBIA — On November 26, the Arena Lacrosse League West Women’s Division welcomed 80 out of 120 players to the Langley Field House to kick start the 2022-2023 season with a first-ever combine. Players were pre-divided up into three groups and put through a session of skills and drills, followed by a scrimmage with their group. This allowed for coaches to fairly evaluate each of our players and goalies. From these evaluations the 2022-2023 league staff will form a draft to pick their players to make up six teams. The combine sparked international interest as we were joined by two members of the US women's box lacrosse team San Diego Palms, Amanda Chasin and Kelsey Cue. Special guest Michell Bowyer, a Team Canada alumni and women's lacrosse advocate also attended. SAMANTHA SMITH TWO ROW TIMES Professional Box Lacrosse As sociation in the USA launched on December 6. SUBMITTED

Seals announce first outdoor game for NLL

SAN DIEGO — The Na tional Lacrosse League (NLL), and the San Diego Seals announced on Tues day, December 6, that the Seals’ March 4th game against the Las Vegas Desert Dogs will be staged outside at San Diego’s new Snapdragon Stadium.

This makes the match the first regular season outdoor game in the 36year history of the NLL.

The game will be played at 4:30 p.m., EST and will be distributed live on ESPN+, and the TSN app.

“Our goal for the NLL and for the sport of lacrosse is to continue to increase awareness, en thusiasm and enterprise value well beyond where it exists today. This epic setting gives us another unique opportunity to showcase our world class athletes and on-field prod uct, and not only engage with our core audience but attract diverse sports’ fans in search of new

entertainment passions,” said Brett Frood, NLL Commissioner in a press release. “We are looking forward to working with the Seals and all our supporters in Southern California to making this an event to remember.”

In addition to the Seals-Desert Dogs game

on Saturday, Snapdrag on Stadium will also be hosting an NCAA Women’s lacrosse tournament with two games on Friday, and two on Sunday. Teams include: San Diego State University, Stanford Uni versity, Kent State Univer sity, and UC Davis. The games were cited

as a weekend celebra tion of lacrosse in San Diego that lacrosse fans around southern Califor nia and visitors will be free to enjoy. Snapdragon Stadium will be scaled for 10,100 seats for the special event. The Seals will also open their home season this Friday against

the Saskatchewan Rush at 7:00 p.m., at the Pechanga Arena.

As for transaction movement throughout the NLL, on November 29: The Georgia Swarm released Justin Lemcke and Miles Silva from the Hold Out List.

On November 30: The

Buffalo Bandits released David Brock from the Retired List. The Calgary Roughnecks signed Kieran McKay to the Practice Player List. The New York Riptide placed Leo Stou ros on the Injured Reserve List from the Active Ros ter. The New York Riptide placed Mason Kamminga on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List and the Panther City Lacrosse Club signed Cole Pickup to the Practice Player List.

On December 1: The Halifax Thunderbirds released Oakley Thomas from the Active Roster, signed Oakley Thomas to the Practice Player List, and signed David Brock to a one year agreement.

The Saskatchewan Rush placed Jeremy Searle on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List.

And finally, on Decem ber 3: The Buffalo Bandits placed Brad McCulley on the Injured Reserve List from the Active Roster and placed Dylan Robinson on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List.

Recent movements by OLA spark discussion


September 28

October 5, 12, 26

Need access to stable wifi but you don’t have a need to travel to campus? Come join us at the Pop-Up Study Hall to access wifi at the Gathering Place while you take an online class, do research, and complete your coursework. Funded


Gathering Place by the Grand, 2593 Chiefswood Rd, Ohsweken, ON N0A 1M0

November 2, 9, 23, 30

December 7, 14, 21

January 4, 11, 18, 25

February 1, 8, 15, 22

April 5, 12, 19, 26 HOURS

9:00am – 8:00pm

ONTARIO — The Ontario Lacrosse Association was established in 1897 and it has been a long-standing dream of many to play for Team Ontario, in box or field divisions, during ones lacrosse career.

It is a dream that only OLA members can pursue. That dream extended to Nodin Porter, 15, of Mohawk heritage, who had played with the Kitchener-Waterloo Minor Lacrosse Association. His story made a headline with the Toronto Star on December 4.

Although having at tended multiple try-outs, he was disqualified from playing for the Team On tario U-15 men's field la crosse team, even though he had made the cut.

Without demanding proof of club registration and upon attending tryouts, players are taken at their word that they are registered with an OLA club. But Porter was not, due to a family loss the same year, even though he had had played for the Kitchener-Waterloo club for several seasons previously.

Understanding that clubs have affiliated insur ance to connect to players, Porter is regarded as uninsured by the OLA, and his family was notified of his ineligibility. Set to play in Florida next weekend, the team will be moving on without Porter due to the technicality.

In Porter’s situation, voices online asked why proof of registration was not asked for up front.

Another recent move ment brought forward by the OLA includes

removing contact from the paperweight and U-9 divisions. Thoughts were asked for through the Six Nations Minor Lacrosse Association Facebook page, to be compiled into an email and sent off to the OLA by this Friday. The email will encompass the thoughts of the com munity on the removal of contact.

So far, a common theme of online respons es explain that contact is necessary at a younger age level, like U-9, to teach players how to play contact responsibly and properly. The removal of contact from the paper weight division is seen as a non-issue, but as players age and mature, lessons of contact, such as body checking and cross checking are necessary to develop sound players.

Come to the Pop-Up Study Hall in Six Nations!
by Canadian Internet Registration Authority
National Lacrosse League says the game against the Desert Dogs and Seals will be at the new Snapdragon Stadium. NLL
TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 19 Nowisthetimeforgiving. Supportingothersand modellingthegoodway rechargesbody,mind,andspirit. ItmaybevisitinganElderandshovellingsnow,cuttingwoodordeliveringgroceries. Lendingahandisselfcaretoo.


Cook Iroquois Lodge, Health Services

Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation

Part Time TBD December 7, 2022

Full Time $18.00/ Hour December 7, 2022

Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Contract $18.00/ Hour December 7, 2022

School Caretaker School Maintenance, Public Works Contract $18.00/ Hour December 7, 2022

Sanitation Truck Driver Public Works Full Time $19.00/ Hour December 7, 2022

Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Full Time $21.00/ Hour December 7, 2022

Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Part Time $21.00/ Hour December 7, 2022

Speech Language Pathologist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD December 7, 2022

Nurse Practitioner Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time $60.44/ Hour December 7, 2022

Registered Dietitian Child & Youth Services, Health Services Full Time TBD December 7, 2022

Driver Home and Community Care, Health Services Part Time TBD December 14, 2022

First Link Care Navigator Home and Community Care, Health Services Full Time $60,000 to $65,000 December 14, 2022

Occupational Therapist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD December 14, 2022

Assistant Caretaker Parks and Recreation Part Time $16.00/ Hour December 14, 2022

Maintenance Mechanic

Admission/Concession Worker Parks and Recreation Part Time $16.00/ Hour December 14, 2022

Special Needs Resource Consultant Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD December 14, 2022

Early Childhood Development Worker Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD December 14, 2022

Education Manager Education, Central Administration Contract $70,000 to $90,000 December 14, 2022

Academic Lead Education, Central Administration Contract $65,000 to $75,000 December 14, 2022

Registered Early Childhood Educator Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time TBD December 14, 2022

Alternative Care Resources Ogwadeni:deo Full Time TBD December 14, 2022

Team Member OGD

Family Services Worker Ogwadeni:deo Full Time TBD December 14, 2022

Personal Support Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time $21.00/hr January 4, 2023

Maintenance Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Part Time TBD January 4, 2023

Activity Assistant Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time $21.00/ Hour January 4, 2023

Registered Early Childhood Educator Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time TBD January 4, 2023

Administration Lead Administration, Health Services Contract $75,000 to $82,500 January 4, 2023

Case Manager Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD January 4, 2023

Social Worker Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD January 4, 2023

Supportive Housing Case Manager Mental Wellness, Health Services Full Time TBD January 4, 2023


Full-Time Payroll Clerk Grand Erie District School Board Full Time $28.05/ Hour December 7, 2022

Secretary – Receptionist




Communications Manager



Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual/ On Call $15.50/ Hour December 15, 2022

Registered Dietitian De dwa da dehs nye>s – Full Time TBD December 17, 2022 Aboriginal Health Center

Unit Coordinator – Skilled Trades Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD December 18, 2022

Assistant Registrar Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD December 18, 2022

Industrial Millwright Mitten Building Products Full Time $38.00/ Hour December 22, 2022

Industrial Electrician Mitten Building Products Full Time $38.00/ Hour December 22, 2022 Director – Deyohahá:ge: Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD December 23, 2022 Indigenous Knowledge Centre

Library Assistant Woodland Cultural Center Full Time/ $18.00/ Hour January 4, 2023


Office Administrator Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD January 4, 2023 Development Officer – Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD January 4, 2022 Institutional Advancement

Custodian Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $15.50/ Hour Until Filled Bingo Sales Representative Six Nations of the Grand River Part Time $18.00 to Until Filled (Customer Service Role) Development Corporation $20.00/ Hour

Lab Technician and Developer Six Nations Polytechnic Part Time TBD Until Filled Weekend Visitor Services Woodland Cultural Center Part Time $18.00/ Hour Until Filled Kanien’kehá:ka Teacher Assistant Kawenni:io/Gaweni:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled for Elementary Classroom Positions English/ESL Teacher Kawenni:io/Gaweni:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $16.90/ Hour Until Filled IT Technician Ohsweken Speedway Full Time/ $45,000 to Until Filled Permanent $75,000

Kitchen Help Sade:konih TOJ TBD Until Filled Cashier Styres Gas Bar Part Time TBD Until Filled Weekend Visitor Services Woodland Cultural Center Part Time $15.00/ Hour Until Filled Housing Outreach Worker Brantford Native Housing Full Time TBD Until Filled Tire Technician Hills Tire Full Time TBD Until Filled Project Administrative Assistant Woodland Cultural Centre Full Time TBD Until Filled Operations Manager Kayanase Full Time TBD Until Filled Forestry Labourer Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Filled Ground Maintenance Worker Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Filled Gas Bar Attendant Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Part Time TBD Until Filled Education Curriculum Developer Woodland Cultural Center Contract TBD Until Filled Building Attendant Staff Six Nations of the Grand River Part Time/ $18.00 to Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent $20.00/Hour

Supply Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Contract/ $16.90/Hour Until Filled Casual

Supply Teachers Kawenni:io/Gaweni:yo On-Call TBD Until Filled English/TSL Teacher Kawenni:io/Gaweni:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled

The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at! To apply for funding, book your intake appointment with an ETC by calling 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1-888 218-8230 or email us at

Phone: 519.445.2222

Fax: 519.445.4777

Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 20 Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays...Monday through Friday from 8:30-4:30pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken
Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation
Full Time/ $30,383.10 to December 8, 2022 Permanent $40,297.50
Grand River Employment and Training
Instructor – Consultant
Contract TBD December 9, 2022
Administrative Assistant Woodland Cultural Center Full Time/ $20.00 to December 13, 2022 Contract $24.00/ Hour
and Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD December 15, 2022
Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/
Resource Coordinator
$43,969.50 to December 15, 2022 Permanent $62,329.50
Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/
to December 15, 2022
Adult Day/Respite Nurse Permanent
Registered Practical Nurse
Position Employer/Location Term Salary Closing Date Position Employer/Location Term Salary Closing Date
TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 21 TWO ROW TIMES WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH, 2022 26 WHY DISTRACTIONS? When we’re feeling anxious, we can often get stuck on worrying thoughts and upsetting emotions. Finding ways to distract ourselves and get active can be a great way to disrupt these patterns and focus on more positive things. Forestry Services Thank You Sharing Circle Roofing Contractor Year round installation Toka’t ihsere karihsta enhsahskwahrénhstahkwe’, sheiatewennata’ne Ojistoh Squire 519-774-9633 The Christmas season can bring about feelings of sadness and painful memories after we lose someone we love. If you want to come to a safe space and share a memory or story about someone who is missing from your life… call (519) 445-4204 ATTN: send notices to

Obituaries Coming Events


February 11, 1983 - December 2, 2022

Saddened to announce he unexpectedly passed away at home in his 39th year. Marty is the beloved son of Norma Thomas and Cory LaForme. Precious brother to Bill, Big Guy, Julia (Andy), and Rose (Marty). Predeceased by sister Nancy, great-nephew Shakonentshi:ne, grandparents Albert & Mary Thomas, and Bill & Lois LaForme. Cherished uncle to Little Guy (Lisa), Eric, Justin (Ieni), Tashee (Logan), Albert, Aliyah, Logan, Prestin, Hayden, Caleb, Tylan, Zoey, Rowdy, Aubree, and Ceceilia. Special uncle to his Bam Bam and his beautiful love Cece. Best friend to Gil Hill Sr., and Scott Thomas. He will also be loved and remembered by many great nieces, nephews, aunts, uncles, cousins, and friends. Marty will be resting at his home 2223 Cayuga Rd. after 6pm Tuesday. Funeral Service and Burial will be held at Lower Cayuga Longhouse on Wednesday, December 7, 2022 at 11am. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

DAVEY: Curtis Martin

July 24, 1963- December 1, 2022

Loving Father of Tash (Ron), Kev, Madison & Ella. Papa to Kasen, Ioiewas, Waakehshon, and Remi. Brother of Wilf (Joanne), Randy (Sofia), Mike (Missy).

Predeceased by Parents Theodore & Evelyn Davey, Brother Ted & Sister Barb. Uncle to Shannon, Teresa, Sarah, Trisha, Josh, Scott, Nick, Amanda, Earl, Ellen-Rose, Michael, Mallory, Nichole. Friend of Sarah B. Member of Ironworkers Local 736 Hamilton. Visitation Sunday, December 4, 2022 at Styres Funeral Home, 1798 Fourth Line, Ohsweken from 6-9pm. Evening service 7pm. Funeral Monday, December 5, 2022 at 11am at the Funeral Home, Ohsweken. Burial to follow at Christ Church Cemetery, Six Nations. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home. www.

A celebration of Jesus Christ’s birthday Ohsweken Baptist Church Sat. Dec. 17, 2022 5:30 PM

Warm your heart, your soul With dinners, shows, gifts and more!

Thank You Coming Events

I Elizabeth Hill wish to thank Dreamcatcher Fund for giving me freedom.

With the stairwell I am able to navigate the steps I have to use to get out of the house. And be able to return safely back to my room. There is still a world out there.

Thank you Dreamcatcher Fund

In Memoriam

Mark Your

In Loving Memory of Ward LaForme Sr.

April 19, 1920 - November 30, 2002 And Bessie LaForme March 18, 1928 - December 22, 2014

Always remembered by: Joan, Erma & Brent, Dale and families

Community Notice

The Indian Defense League

Meeting Sunday, December 11th, 2022 at 1-3 pm. at the Dajoh

All Welcome.

We are planning for a Border Crossing Celebration on Saturday, 15 July 2023. Members and volunteers needed.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 22 TWO ROW TIMES 37 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH, 2022
Calendars!!! Christmas Cookie Drive-Thru
Saturday, December 17th 2022 11:00 AM – 2:00 PM (or sold out) St. Luke’s Church 1246 Onondaga Rd. You’re Invited Christmas Banquet
For Sale Spin to Win!!! Open Every Weekend in November! A B I Z Z Y B S H O P S A T S U N | 9 : 3 0 A M 3 : 3 0 P M 3 4 0 4 M I S S I S S A U G A R O A D C H R I S T M A S T E M S N O W A V A L A B L E ! Thrift More, Save More! C O M E A N D J O I N U S
THOMAS: Martin George “Marty”
ATTN: send
send notices to
notices to

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20

Someone thinks you are up to a challenge this week, Aries. Dive right in and prove them correct. There’s much you’ll get done, but leave some time for leisure.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21

There’s not much you can’t accomplish these next several days, Taurus. The key will be knowing just where to pull back so that you can do each job well.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21

Think before committing to a project that is expected to take a long time, Gemini. While you may have a lot of free time right now, that may not be the case in a few weeks.

CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22

Cancer, health concerns may come to the forefront this week, whether it pertains you or someone close to you. Empty your schedule so you can devote the utmost attention.

LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23

Leo, despite many looming deadlines, you are surprisingly relaxed about all the things you need to accomplish. Maybe that is because you have a lot of help.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22

Some unexpected time off has dropped into your lap, Virgo. Figure out if a small vacation or weekend getaway might be just what you need right now. Then make it happen.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23

A career change could be on the horizon, Libra. Do your research before you take the full plunge into new waters. Maybe test things out before making a firm commitment.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22

Home improvements could be coming soon, Scorpio. They’ll interfere with your daily schedule for a bit, but the results will be well worth any disruption.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21

Your hospitable nature is a perfect match for the entertaining you will be doing this week, Sagittarius. Expect a houseful of people on one or more days.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20

Spending certainly is up during the holiday season, but you may need to keep a closer eye on what is going on with your finances, Capricorn. Don’t lose sight of your budget.

AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18

A few interesting possibilities may come across your desk, Aquarius. Look at them with a critical eye and get a second opinion before moving forward.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20

Too many things seem like a priority right now, Pisces. You need to weed through all of your responsibilities and tackle the most urgent.

TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 23 TWO ROW TIMES DECEMBER 19TH, 2018 27 SUDOKU Answers for December 7th, 2022 Crossword Puzzle Container Sales and Modi cations Service Since 2007
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38. S.
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Norwegian lan guage
Polio vaccine
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TWO ROW TIMES December 7th, 2022 24