Two Row Times, September 28, 2022

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In this very special issue of Two Row Times, we take time to acknowledge the indigenous children who were victims of the Indian Residential School System, which operated from the 1800s through to the 1990s. Canadian law required children of indigenous descent over the age of 7 to be removed from their families and sent to the schools to be taught english, trades and go to church. The schools were a shared project between the governments in the Canadian provinces and territories as well as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and United churches. Parents who did not comply with the law to send their children to the schools were sent to prison and impoverished. This was a part of a process of cultural genocide against indigenous people, targeted at children from the ages of 0-18 and is why we recognize September 30 as a national day of Truth and Reconciliation. We take time to make space for survivors and intergenerational survivors of the residential school system and raise awareness. TRT

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TWO ROW TIMES

September 28th, 2022

Six Nations wastewater monitoring on COVID variants DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

Six Nations is considering monitoring wastewater at the local lagoon to track potential COVID variants of concern (VOCs). The proposal comes from the Six Nations Emergency Control Group amid concerns from Six Nations Public Health that there is “significant underreporting” of self-administered at-home COVID tests. Six Nations Public Health has ceased public testing and relies on community self-reporting. “We don’t have the data on what strain of virus is circulating in the community,” says Michael Montour, chair of the ECG. “We’re just looking for

this to be another tool in our tool belt as we shift into the next phase of the pandemic.” Council had previously turned down a request from the Six Nations Research and Ethics Committee to monitor wastewater for COVID data collection. This time, the purpose isn’t for research, but surveillance, said Montour. The wastewater would be analyzed by a team from the University of Waterloo to track variants of concern. Knowing what variants are circulating in the community will help public health make recommendations to prevent the further spread of COVID this winter, said Six Nations epidemiologist Sara Smith. Mark Servos, a professor with the University of Waterloo, said when you

get the the virus in the nose, you swallow it and excrete it, ending up in the local pipes and eventually, into the lagoon in Ohsweken. Scientists would take a sample from there, extract it, clean it up and use the

methods in a PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test to determine which strain of virus is circulating. “It’s not active virus; it’s pieces of the virus,” said Servos. Michelle said she

thought it came to ethics and was denied Because the wastewater only comes from Ohsweken households, the monitoring will only catch one subsection of the community that goes into the lagoon. “We don’t have any data so we just want a tool as we move into the next phase,” said Montour. Smith retired it was a surveillance tool not a research project. “It’s a tool to monitor COVID-19 in the community. It doesn’t capture the entire community… but that is similar to other municipalities. Not everyone is on that line either. It’s thought of as a sample.” Servos said surveillance would give a very strong idea of what’s happening in community but it won’t

tell everything. Six Nations Public Health is only receiving about five self-reported test results weekly. “Currently there’s such little available data,” said Servos. “We see it as service. We volunteered to do this for Ohsweken.” Smith said wastewater monitoring would help because if a variant arises and is found to be severe, then they can communicate to community that the variant is now on Six Nations and people can then make risk-informed decisions. Councillor Audrey Powless-Bomberry said it would be wise to consider wastewater monitoring for COVID-19 variants. Council said it will revisit the proposal in the next few weeks.

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'Your story does not end here': inquest begins in death of Indigenous teen STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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Pamela Freeman fought back tears Monday as she told a coroner's inquest about holding her grandson the day he was born, seeing him grow into a precocious and enthusiastic child, and then grieving his death a few short years later. As a baby, Devon Freeman crawled around with his head down ``looking like a big old bear,'' rushing to get a hug, his grandmother said. ``I can still feel it to this day,'' she said. He grew to love cars and trucks, and his ability to recognize different makes and models at a young age surprised a few people, she said. He was interested in space and ``knew the entire universe and all the planets,'' with Saturn as his favourite, she said. ``You simply amazed me with your knowledge and excitement. Every day you were on the move,'' she said. ``I only had you for 16 years but I'm grateful for each one. You taught me a lot,'' she said. ``Your story does not end here. Love does not end here.'' The teen's death has left her grappling with ``sorrow and pain,'' as well as nightmares and anxiety, Pamela Freeman said. The inquest has heard Devon Freeman was 16 when he was reported missing from the Lynwood Charlton Centre, a group home, in the Flamborough area of Hamilton in October 2017. His body was

found near the home more than six months later. Both Devon Freeman and Pamela Freeman are members of the Chippewas of Georgina Island, where the inquest began Monday. It is set to continue Wednesday in Hamilton, and is expected to hear from approximately 31 witnesses over 17 days. The coroner's counsel, Brett Moodie, said the inquest will explore the circumstances surrounding Devon Freeman's death, and systemic issues that contributed to it, including public policy and legal issues related to Indigenous children and youth in the child-welfare system. On Monday, the inquest heard from two experts on child welfare: Cindy Blackstock, the executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada and a professor at McGill University; and Barbara Fallon, a professor at the University of Toronto and Canada Research Chair in Child Welfare. The overrepresentation of First Nations children in Ontario's child welfare system is ``a persistent finding'' in studies since 1993, when the province began collecting that type of data every five years, Fallon said. The data from 2018, the most recent available, show that First Nations children are seven to eight times more likely to be placed in care at the end of an investigation, she said. The reasons children are identified for concern are also ``quite different''

for First Nations children, who are more likely to be listed for neglect or the ``amorphous category'' of risk of future maltreatment, she said. One of the limitations of the child-welfare system is that it looks at the child and the family but isn't able to properly consider the context for some of the risk factors that might emerge, many of which -- including substance abuse -- can be linked to the trauma of residential schools and the 60s scoop, Blackstock said. ``We've got to remember that we're in the midst of a lack of housing, the mental health issues of sometimes children and young people, the poverty... and that often comes from the Indian Act,'' she said. Child welfare isn't equipped to deal with those issues, and workers are at best only given the tools to help a child and family in the moment, Blackstock said. If they don't have the right tools in the early stages, ``the family goes into deeper and deeper and deeper crisis,'' she said. Blackstock said that reducing inequalities in access to public services, and making sure public services are culturally relevant to the child, is ``really critical to kind of turning the tide on this.'' Solutions have been documented over decades in repeated reports and inquests, she noted. ``The problem isn't the lack of solutions, the problem is a lack of implementation of the solutions.''

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TWO ROW TIMES

September 28th, 2022

Indigenous people more likely to have housing issues as population grows: StatCan The Canadian Press WINNIPEG — Angela Klassen Janeczko calls out to a young woman sitting behind a building in downtown Winnipeg to see if she needs any water or food. They know each other by name and Janeczko has seen the young Indigenous woman struggle with housing and addiction for more than year. Janeczko works with the Bear Clan Patrol, a neighbourhood watch group in Winnipeg that walks through streets and alleys looking to help those most in need. She says they have seen rooming houses and apartment buildings become derelict. At the same time, rent has also gone up and nearby houses are selling for record amounts. It is disproportionately affecting Indigenous people in the neighbourhood, she says, and many are ending up in tents tucked behind buildings, along the riverbank or in small community parks. The COVID-19 pandemic just exacerbated the problem, she adds. ``Treat people with humanity and respect,'' Janeczko says, as she hands out some food to another

person nearby. Statistics Canada's latest release of 2021 census data shows the Indigenous population is still growing, although the pace has slowed, and is much younger than the rest of Canada. However, the data says, they are also struggling with housing in a system that's already stretched thin. The census says there are 1.8 million Indigenous people in Canada, accounting for five per cent of the total population. The Indigenous population grew by 9.4 per cent from 2016 to 2021, almost twice the pace of the non-Indigenous population. While the number of Indigenous people in insufficient housing decreased slightly, it is still much higher than the non-Indigenous population. Almost one in six Indigenous people lived in a home in need of major repairs in 2021, a rate almost three times higher than for the non-Indigenous population, and more than 17 per cent of Indigenous people lived in crowded housing. Statistics Canada says because of difficulties in

collecting census data on First Nations and other Indigenous communities, some caution should be exercised in comparing census years. The agency says it made adjustments to track overall trends. Wednesday's census release comes as Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's Liberal government set housing for Indigenous Peoples as a priority. It was also a part of the agreement between the minority Liberal government and the New Democrats. The 2022 federal budget committed $4.3 billion over seven years to help improve Indigenous housing, a number the Assembly of First Nations says falls far short of what is needed. The national advocacy organization had asked to see $44 billion to deal with overcrowding and homes in dire need of repair on reserves. Michael Yellow Bird, dean of the University of Manitoba's social work faculty, says it is a byproduct of colonization. Forced relocation, a loss of sovereignty and decades of underfunding have contributed to poverty and poor housing for Indigenous

people. The trauma and displacement caused by residential schools is also a factor, he adds. Housing on-reserve also doesn't work the same as elsewhere, Bird explains, and it can be a complex administrative process for First Nations to work with Ottawa to tackle those long-standing issues. The effect of unstable and overcrowded housing on- and off-reserve can be the same, Bird says. Poor housing is connected to major health issues, mental health problems, poor education outcomes and higher rates of suicide, he says. ``These things are all so connected,'' Bird says. ``It's the demography of these things that we know, that these critical factors are causing a number of different kinds of disorders in communities.'' The Liberals have promised to develop an urban, rural and northern Indigenous housing strategy and have budgeted $300 million over five years so that the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation can work with Indigenous communities to build the plan.

Affordability has become an issue in many real estate markets in Canada, but Indigenous people are more likely than their non-Indigenous counterparts to be living in a low-income situation. The census found 18.8 per cent of Indigenous people lived in a low-income household. The rate was highest among First Nations people, particularly those who lived on a reserve. ``Nearly one-quarter of Indigenous children 14 years of age and younger lived in a low-income household in 2021, which is over double the rate among non-Indigenous children,'' said Annie Turner, with the centre for Indigenous statistics and partnerships at Statistics Canada. Research shows that Indigenous people are also disproportionately homeless. Janeczko walks through an alley with a handful of volunteers as the call of ``sharp'' echoes each time they find a needle. The group picked up more than 325 needles in a couple of hours during the recent patrol. Not every person

without a home has addictions, but it can be a way those community members cope, Janeczko says. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada and it continues to grow. Janeczko says every level of government has committed to studying the housing problem, but the people most affected need help now. A sign on a nearby garage reads that a person has permission to live there. The young man inside thanks the Bear Clan volunteers for food and water as they check on him. Inside the garage is a makeshift living area with a couch covered in blankets, a table and a handful of personal items. Janeczko explains the property where the garage stands used to be a rooming house that had about 20 occupants. When the owner died it was abandoned, she says. The housing needs in the neighbourhood are immense, so the loss of an affordable rental space left many people at risk of being on the street, she says. ``The housing need is here,'' she says.

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September 28th, 2022

Two Row Times and Garlow Media would like to recognize the members of our team, and our families who are survivors of the Indian Residential School System. Our staff, parents, grandparents, aunties and uncles have shared their stories with us -- and we carry their experiences carefully with us into the future as a foundational reminder that Every Child Matters. Thank you for surviving, and for everything you do.

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OPINION

September 30 marks Canada’s official second National Day for Truth and Reconciliation. This is a day that is now a mandated part of the Canadian experience — “to honour the children who never returned home from residential school, as well as their families and communities”, according to the federal government’s website. For two years now, Canada has officially taken time to talk about the residential school experience. And as an indigenous person, organization and community — the day is quickly becoming emotionally overwhelming for a lot of people. As important as it is to step into the local, provincial and national spotlight to raise awareness about residential

school experiences and survivors it’s also important to recognize that not everyone who has a direct residential school experience wishes the day to be commemorated in the way that is becoming popular. Here is an example. A few years ago, an event was coordinated that invited residential school survivors to a former school and a photographer who was at the event asked the survivors gathered to stand on the school steps and raise a fist in the air for a photo they were taking. The photographer did not have residential school survivors in their lineage, and the ask was out of touch, but the survivors complied, quietly. For the photographer — it felt like it was an invitation for the survivors to

TWO ROW TIMES

September 28th, 2022

editor@tworowtimes.com

have a moment of victory, documented. The moment was uncomfortable, and for some who witnessed the ask, it felt like survivors were being objectified. Beyond the orange shirts, social media campaigns, photo opportunities and political grandstanding it is vital to treat the day the way it deserves to be treated, and not get caught up in gross acts of objectification to raise the profile of creating awareness. The death and genocide of indigenous children does not need to be dramatized. It does not need to be made into a spectacle of vicarious trauma for other people to understand how harmful it was. We need to focus on truth-telling in a way that does not turn the trauma

of our parents and grandparents into someone else’s ‘edu-tainment’. We have to remember that our lived traumas are, in a way, sacred. Not that they are upstanding or holy in any way — but rather that they should be regarded with great respect and reverence in a way that perhaps no other part of our collective history is treated. Imagine for a moment, a crying and frightened indigenous child inside of a residential school, who was just terrorized by a teacher. Now imagine that crying and frightened indigenous child being transported through history through to today and put on stage for everyone to look at as they cry and cower in fear. Not very appealing, is it? We have to remember

that for many survivors — some who are still with us to this day — they carry very real, very accessible traumatic memories with them everywhere they go. Memories that can, in a split second, take them back in time and be relived emotionally all over again. We can’t objectify their pain. We have to be the authors of their protection, today. Even though they weren’t protected back then — they need to be protected now. Even though we are their descendants, and we have some rights to share stories for the benefit of the coming faces — we don’t have the collective right to re-tell people’s individual traumatic memories en masse for non-indigenous people’s benefit so they finally ‘get it’. They’re not going to.

Not every survivor, and not every inter-generational survivor is ready to raise the fist of victory in front of a former residential school. And as important a moment as it is for people who are ready to do that, organizations have to remember that rushing the collective experience through the work of healing before people are ready to walk through that part can end up doing more damage by alienating people in their pain, leaving them little opportunity to have a collective healing experience. Consider creating quiet, reflective spaces for survivors and intergenerational survivors to heal from their grief and trauma and walk away from turning survivor trauma into vicarious re-runs for others to consume.

Stabbing tragedy illustrates ongoing settler colonial violence By Emily Grafton and Jerome Melancon The recent mass killings at James Smith Cree Nation have left many trying to understand what could have led to such a horrific loss of life. As things stand, it is unclear that there was any one motivator behind the violence that claimed 11 lives and wounded 18 others. As scholars of settler colonialism in Saskatchewan (Metis, and non-Indigenous), we have some thoughts about what led to these terrifying events and unimaginable pain that this small community is left to grieve through. Much attention has been placed on the causes of the men's actions and histories, as well as the victims. However, the story goes much further

than any of these individual lives. Ending the story here implies that the problem rests within Indigenous communities. Focusing on decisions made within the criminal justice system implies that this horrific event could have been avoided if a single person had been kept in jail. Yet the three communities that make up James Smith Cree Nation deal with much wider realities. Members of the bands attended residential schools all around the area, from Prince Albert Indian Residential School to Gordon's Indian Residential School or St. Barnabas Residential School in Onion Lake. In 2018-19, the nation fought a mining development that threatened the land and ceremonial grounds. Chief Okimaw

Wally Burns of the James Smith Cree Nation band explained, ``the way things stand, everyone else gets the benefits of a mine, while we are left with all the consequences.'' Leaders from the community therefore attempted to balance environmental and cultural concerns with economic benefits for the communities. Looking to innovate and offer opportunities within their community and to their neighbours, they successfully launched an MRI company through a partnership with the University of Saskatchewan. And in 2020, the three communities tried to develop their own response to the pandemic, only to be frustrated by government agencies standing in their way and asserting

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control at the cost of the well-being of the community. All these stories are related. Residential schooling, the dangers of resource extraction, the challenges of economic development and government control and paternalism are all part of one system: settler colonialism. The violence of settler colonialism Contemporary Saskatchewan is deeply shaped by early settler colonial tactics. The formation of settler communities through road, rail and economic practices is directly linked to the oppression of Indigenous Peoples. There is deeply rooted racism in the political culture of the province. The ongoing settler colonial violence in

Saskatchewan, specifically gender-based violence, is directly rooted in this history of settlement. Settler colonialism is characterized by the marginalization and genocide of Indigenous Peoples who are forcefully supplanted by settlers. The state takes the land from Indigenous nations who had until then thrived and governed themselves, and gives it to those who come to settle and occupy the land. These practices foster the erasure of Indigenous society and are inherently violent. In Canada, we can see the violence of this erasure in a few key moments in the settlement of the nation. For example, clauses concerning the surrender of Indigenous land were added to treaties after negotiations

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had concluded. Indigenous peoples were then physically marginalized through the reserve system or road allowance communities, as the government regulated with the intent to eradicate Indigenous languages and cultures through policy, legislation and residential schools, often at the behest of churches. Settler colonial violence in Canada might not be obvious. For example, Canada's reputation as a peaceful nation is built through myth-making based on perceptions of benevolence and saviourism towards Indigenous Peoples and racially marginalized newcomers. This national myth positions Indigenous cultures as uncivilized and in need of saving through

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September 28th, 2022

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Column Thunderwoman Speaks

What is Canada up to on the eve of “National Truth and Reconciliation Day”?

From the eastern shores, Canada has been passing the buck on the continued fishing wars throwing the decision making power to the Department of Fisheries or worse to the provinces. Nationally Canada is doubling down on their land take over schemes. It is not enough that Canada has control of the 99.98 percent of the land in this stolen country! No they are coming for that last .02 percent. Canada has been parading around their new Indigenous Minister Marc Miller who does a nice song and dance routine with some Mohawk words thrown in to show that he is “accommodating” and more importantly “in sync” with Trudeau’s Indigenous people. Who actually believes any of this blather? Canada has the same agenda that they have always had which is to

terminate or assimilate the First Nations people. Canada despises the Indian reminders. Canada hates looking at the brown faces mired in poverty and etched with intergenerational trauma lines. Canada hates being made aware of the deplorable living conditions and statistics that are unchanging for the First peoples of this land. Canada likes to release big announcements like the forty billion being “given” in the child and family services area. There will be twenty billion released for the class action for children unnecessarily removed from their homes and for those children that fall within the specific Jordan’s principle parameters. A further twenty billion is going to reform the child and family welfare system. Recently Canada has been qualifying how the money gets to the people now saying that social workers may have to be involved. Really, Canada? The very department that was responsible for removing children or fighting about whether the federal or provincial health pay the costs to provide health care to our children, now must be included in the payout? More disturbing are the

settler colonial benevolence. Above all, Indigenous people are seen as needing to be saved from themselves, whether it's their own actions, those of their community members or from their cultures. A first step away from colonialism Violent settler colonialism and deep-seated racism have created the conditions for substandard health, education and social services in Indigenous communities. These conditions keep Indigenous people in a state where they cannot effectively challenge settler colonialism. They are tethered to the settler colonial project that keeps Indigenous Peoples marginalized socially, physically and economically. If the root of the problem is the attempt to eliminate people and destroy

their capacity to make decisions for themselves, then the solution begins with agency. The principle of self-determination at the heart of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples has not yet had an impact on policy in Canada. Against the enormity of this system, there is only one solution: to listen to the community. James Smith Cree Nation has been clear about the issue of substance use and the need for direct action through the form of on-reserve addictions supports. It has also asked for better response time from police and, above all, control over its own policing. Those who are most affected by such far-reaching problems are the best placed to provide the solutions.

RACHEL A. SNOW

rachelannsnow634@gmail.com

TWO ROW TIMES

rumours in health. Canada was able to ram through Bill C-91 the Indigenous languages Act and Bill C-92, the Child and Family services act with a compliant national chief. Canada is looking like the Indians like they’re all just one big class action waiting to happen. Canada wants First Nations to give up their Indianness and just be regular Canadians. Justin Trudeau like his white paper father before him, thinks the best way to get rid of the Indian problem is to legislate their rights out from under them. Justin Trudeau thinks this is fine as long as there is adequate notice and then a handful of traitor Indians go along with all his “best interests” messaging. There is talk now that there will be a payout made to First Nations – some paltry sum that was picked out of the air at a drunken whiteman leaders convention or picked out of hat- for dental care. The sum that was disclosed is six hundred and some odd dollars. Anyone who has had to pay for braces, or get permission for corrective surgery or just pay for emergency or dental

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services knows that six hundred bucks might not even cover one visit. How does Canada decide these things? It almost seems like Canada has been made to look bad, stealing children with child welfare programs and after having announced the money to be paid out, Canada is going to cut corners elsewhere – notably in health. Remember Jane Philpott basically shut down First Nation and Inuit health branch by placing it under the Indigenous services department, before she was booted out of Trudeau’s elite circle of Liberal henchmen and henchwomen. Philpott was responsible for the opening move from the “terminate the Indian” playbook. Act one was to take a treaty or inherent right and turn it into a policy or “service” that Indians are not “entitled to” as payment for the land, but instead the message became this is a service that Canada has generously been providing. It has been explained countless times by the handful of activists and analysts who are giving the hard information to the people at the reserve

or community level that these changes were agreed behind closed doors then ratified at the national and regional levels by our “qualified” leadership. Indian Affairs chiefs and councils get in and try to get up to speed by listening to white lawyers or government Indians who tell them to take the deals. What is happening at the Assembly of First Nations right now? Well since National Chief Roseanne Archibald questioned contracts and payouts, the whole national office seems to have gone into silent mode. Sadly, if Canada knew that contracts and payouts were happening haphazardly, they are complicit in the wrongdoing. The last information that was publicly available was that former finance or administrative staff were being called in to do the investigation. This is where our First Nation people get all twisted. If there is misspending or alleged corruption on reserve, every Frank Fencepost screams “forensic audit”. Meanwhile, it is the chief or leadership that has to call for this investigation into financial wrongdoing. Usually the audit itself takes the entire term of

the initial chief or leader or council who ask for it. Then before anything can be found or reported on, there is an election and since nothing happened during the term of the whistleblowers, they are usually voted out. You can just see Canada washing their hands of this misspending or “corruption” because they set up the terms of reference for the investigation then make the investigation so onerous that chiefs who are trying to get information to their people are being undermined. Canada wants to “celebrate” or having a national day for truth and reconciliation. As uncomfortable as it is, Canada is going to have to start laying down more truths or our people are going to have to start seeing the truth that is happening all around us. Our people were once so attuned to their First Nation spirits that they could discern truth and they guarded their spiritual wellness by speaking only good words into Creation. Have we now become so colonized that we lie to our own people and talk about truth like it’s a catchphrase for a day celebrating our ongoing trauma?


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SEPTEMBER 30 is

ORANGE SHIRT DAY

EVERY CHILD MATTERS

September 28th, 2022

S E P T E M B E R 30 T H N AT I O N A L D AY F O R T R U T H A N D R E C O N C I L I AT I O N

Brant Haldimand Norfolk Catholic District School Board will come together on September 30 in a spirit of hope, truth and reconciliation to honour former residential school students and survivors, their families, and communities.

This message brought to you by Six Nations Police Service

It is essential for all to remember that

EVERY CHILD MATTERS.

BRANT HALDIMAND NORFOLK

Catholic District School Board

Walpole Island Branch 1.800.647.7347


TWO ROW TIMES

September 28th, 2022

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On Orange Shirt Day we honour the First Nations children who were sent away to residential schools in Canada and we learn more about the history of those schools.

SEPTEMBER 30 Six Nations Justice Department

Six Nations Justice Department 1721 Chiefswood Road – Iroquois Plaza Ohsweken, Ontario 226-227-1292

In the spirit of truth and reconciliation, the City of Brantford stands with Indigenous people in our region and across Canada on September 30th to remember and honour all of the Indigenous children that attended residential schools in Canada. Every Child Matters. The City supports the Survivors’ Secretariat in their efforts to uncover, document and share the truth about what happened at the Mohawk Institute Residential School during its 136 years of operation. Learn more about their work and how to get involved by visiting www.survivorssecretariat.ca.

Every Child Matters


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Mayor Jim Diodati & Members of Council

support

150,000

truth & reconciliation every child matters

NIAGARAFALLS.CA

Celebrating Indigenous Youth

And Remembering the Past

EVERY CHILD MATTERS National Day for Truth and Reconciliation We grieve the children who never returned home, honour the survivors and fight alongside Indigenous peoples for justice.

SANDY SHAW

MONIQUE TAYLOR

905-628-2755 sshaw-co@ndp.on.ca

905-388-9734 mtaylor-co@ndp.on.ca

MPP HAMILTON WEST ANCASTER—DUNDAS

NATIONAL DAY FOR TRUTH & RECONCILIATION

MPP HAMILTON MOUNTAIN

September 30 | 5 – 9 pm | Rose Theatre Join us for an evening of commemoration and conversation as we remember, reflect and commit to truth and reconciliation. Candlelight Vigil begins in Garden Square | 5 pm Indigenous Learning ft. Chief Laforme and Jody Wilson-Raybould | 7 pm Floral Illustrations: Neebinnaukzhik Southall

brampton.ca/events


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Reflect and consider your personal pledges on how to become a better ally to indigenous communities. Truth and reconciliation is a collective journey and we at SAGO GRE walk with you all.

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September 28th, 2022

The County of Brant joins in wearing orange to commemorate lives lost and to honour the survivors of the residential school system. “Today, we raise awareness of the individual, family and community inter-generational impacts of residential schools, and to promote the concept of “Every Child Matters”. I urge everyone to learn more about the legacy of residential schools and to play a role in reconciliation.” Mayor of the County of Brant, David Bailey

QDE @BrantCommunity info@brant.ca | brant.ca 519.44BRANT (519.442.7268)


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The Niagara Peninsula watershed is situated within the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee, Attiwonderonk (Neutral), and the Anishinaabeg, including the Mississaugas of the Credit—many of whom continue to live and work here today. In observation of National Day for Truth and Reconciliation on September 30, the Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority will be closed to provide staff the time and opportunity to learn about Indigenous experiences and support cultural change. We recognize the importance of engaging in learning activities to raise awareness and understanding of the devastating impact of Canada’s residential school system. This is a vital part of our commitment to shared stewardship of natural resources and to expand our knowledge of Indigenous culture and history in the watershed.

EVERY CHILD MATTERS

visit burningkilnwinery.ca

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September 28th, 2022

Recognizing Metis survivors of residential schools DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

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The Metis Nation of Ontario is asking for recognition of Metis survivors of residential schools as the country prepares to mark the second annual National Day of Truth and Reconciliation on Sept. 30. The MNO says due to incomplete records, conflicting regulations and inaccurate status accounts, Métis peoples have regularly been omitted from the Res-

idential School narrative and that it is impossible to know exactly how many Métis children attended residential schools. There are several points to consider when reflecting on this history, including: -it is historic fact that Métis children attended residential schools. -even during periods when the Federal Government sought to ban Métis children from residential schools, church leaders continued to recruit Métis students.

-provincial governments and school boards were often unwilling to build schools in Métis communities or allow them to attend public schools, resulting in many Métis children being sent to these institutions as a last resort for an education. -from the 1950s onwards, many Métis children attended residential schools that were operated by provincial governments in northern and remote areas. -the Federal Government’s position on ac-

cepting Métis students was caught between an unwillingness to pay for education and a fear that if they didn’t attend these schools, they would never be assimilated. As a result, students would often go undocumented. According to the Canadian Encyclopedia, governments and churches debated about whether Metis children should be permitted to attend residential schools. Admission and discharge of Metis students was influenced by the

location and religious denomination of the school, and whether parents could contribute tuition funds or work in place of funds. Metis survivors have shared accounts of feeling like outsiders in the residential school experience. When the historic Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement was announced in 2005, it was limited to federally funded schools and many Metis survivors did not receive compensation under the settlement. Many Metis people also

said they felt like outsiders in the Truth and Reconciliation hearings that took place from 2008 to 2015, although some did participate and provide input on their experiences. The TRC noted, based on accounts from Metis survivors, that they felt excluded and even discriminated against by other residential school students. A few books have been written to bring attention to the Metis experience in residential schools.

Chatham-Kent Sexual Assault Crisis Centre CKSACC is a grassroots, community-based organization that offers services for women and female-identifying, trans and non-binary persons 16 or older. Services for men are offered at Family Service Kent: 519-364-6221

For Help or Information about sexual assault/harassment/exploitation/abuse, or to request a presentation, call the crisis line number during business hours Mon - Fri.

24 Hour Crisis Line: 519-354-8688 www.cksacc.org Facebook / Instagram search: @CKSACC

EVERY CHILD MATTERS


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September 28th, 2022

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Orange Shirt Day and how it became a day of recognition STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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Orange Shirt Day, and the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, are both recognized on September 30. It is a day where the children who were sent to residential schools in Canada are honoured and we learn more about the true history behind those schools. In Canada, the Indian residential school system was a network of boarding schools for Indigenous peoples. Attendance was mandatory from 1894 to 1947 and the last residential school closed in 1996. The network was funded by the Canadian government’s Department of Indian Affairs and administered by Christian

churches. “Two primary objectives of the residential schools’ system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their home, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate into the dominant culture,” reads “An Overview of the Indian Residential School System” on anishnabek.ca. It is estimated that more than 150,000 Indigenous, Inuit, and Métis children attended Indian residential school. Where did the idea of wearing an orange shirt in support come from and how did the day become a holiday? Phyllis Webstad was given an orange shirt by her grandmother for her very first day of school at St. Joseph’s Mission res-

idential school in British Columbia. The “orange shirt” in Orange Shirt Day refers to that shirt. When Phyllis got to school, her clothes were taken away, including her new orange shirt that was never returned. Phyllis told CBC news that the colour orange has always reminded her of her experiences at residential school, saying, “How my feelings didn’t matter, how no one cared and I felt like I was worth nothing. All of us little children were crying and no one cared.” Phyllis wants to convey the message that every child matters — every day. She started Orange Shirt Day in 2013 to educate people about residential schools and to fight bullying and racism. The orange shirt is

now used as a symbol of the forced assimilation of Indigenous children that the residential school system enforced. The day was made into a statutory holiday by the Parliament of Canada in 2021. According to the Canadian Encyclopedia, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission issued its report in December 2015. It stated that residential schools represented cultural genocide. It stated 94 Calls to Action, and among them was the establishment of a national holiday to commemorate the horrors of the schools and to help in healing. In March 2019, the House of Commons passed a bill designating Sept. 30 as an annual National Truth and Reconciliation Day.

Every Child Matters became known as the slogan for the Orange Shirt Day grassroots movement started back in 2013. In 2021, the federal government began a National Day for Truth and Reconcilliation on the same day. TRT

Giant Tiger and Indspire partner on orange shirt day 100 of proceeds from the sale of the shirt are donated to Indspire

STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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Giant Tiger announced a new collaboration with national Indigenous charity Indspire to create an orange shirt to help spread awareness for National Day for Truth and Reconciliation. Designed by two-spirit Ojibway artist Patrick Hunter, the custom shirt is available now at Giant Tiger stores and online at GiantTiger.com, with 100 per cent of proceeds from the sale of the shirts donated to Indspire. “There are many steps on the path towards reconciliation,” said Indspire's President and CEO Mike DeGagné. “From building relationships to reducing barriers, it is an ever-changing and participatory action, and we value partners like Giant Tiger for walking this path with us to improve educational access for Indigenous learners.” Indspire invests in the education of First Nations, Inuit and Métis people for the long-term benefit of these individuals, their families and communities and Canada. With the support of its fund-

ing partners across the country, Indspire provides financial awards, delivers programs, and shares resources so that Indigenous students will achieve their highest potential. “The National Day for Truth and Reconciliation opens the door to create a meaningful discussion about the effects residential schools have left on Indigenous communities and Giant Tiger wants to help Canadians spread awareness and participate in that dialogue,” said Aaron Wade, director, brand and customer communications, Giant Tiger. “To do this, we are proud to partner with Indspire and Patrick Hunter to create a shirt that is easily accessible to families, while directing funds to create a lasting and tangible difference in the communities that we call home.” Best known for his painting in the woodland art style, Hunter specializes in fine and digital artwork and designs from his Ojibway roots, with the intent to create a broader awareness of Indigenous culture and iconography. “What I love about this collaboration is that we are paying respect to residential school survivors and also ensuring

the success of future generations,” said Hunter. “By wearing orange on September 30, the mainstream culture and our communities are showing support by acknowledging and validating the trauma survivors had to endure as children and with a singular voice saying, never again.” Giant Tiger is a long-standing partner of Indspire, supporting three programs through its Charitable Giving Fund, donating a total of $75,000 per year. The programs include, Indspire's annual Soaring: Indigenous Youth Empowerment Gathering; Indspire's Building Brighter Futures: Bursaries, Scholarships and Awards (BBF) program, which is a bursary, scholarship and awards program for Indigenous youth in Giant Tiger communities; and Rivers to Success, an Indigenous student mentorship program that supports students as they graduate and become the leaders of tomorrow. For more information on Indspire and the custom-designed shirts, please visit www.gianttiger.com/truth-and-reconciliation.

Designed by two-spirit Ojibway artist Patrick Hunter (pictured), the custom shirt is available at Giant Tiger stores and online, with 100 per cent of proceeds from the sale of the shirts donated to Indspire. SUBMITTED

Equity Legal Education Series National Day for Truth and Reconciliation and Orange Shirt Day September 30, 2022 is the second annual National Day for Truth and Reconciliation in Canada. All Canadians have a role to play in the process of reconciliation. The Law Society hosted its second program in a series of Indigenous events this year focused on Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples. This event featured teachings from Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers, and insights from academics and members of the legal professions with a focus on reconciliation. To watch the archived webcast, please visit the Law Society’s CPD Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion Requirement page. Stay up to date on upcoming events by visiting the Law Society’s Events page.


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Orange shirt day book hits best seller lists DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

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A new book aimed at pre-schoolers explaining the origins of Orange Shirt Day is hitting best-seller lists in Canada, less than a month into its release. And the book is available just in time for Orange Shirt Day this Friday (Sept. 30) which is now also National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, a federal holiday created last year to honour the memory of residential school survivors in Canada. With Our Orange Hearts is a gentle, yet powerful introduction into some of the feelings connected to the Orange Shirt Day movement. There’s sadness, grief and reflection but the book highlights the importance of sharing the orange shirt day story. Orange Shirt Day, with the slogan Every Child Matters, began in 2013 by residential school survivor Phyllis Webstad.

She was seven years when she got a new orange shirt from her grandma, which was promptly removed and thrown away when she arrived for classes at the nearby residential school she attended in 1974. Teddy (Yéił S’aaghí) Anderson, founder of Medicine Wheel Publishing, which published the book, said the response has been overwhelming so far. “It’s hitting best seller lists,” he said. “It’s pretty exciting.” It has reached number six in Canada on bookmanager.com and was the number on book in British Columbia last week. “It’s crazy,” said Anderson. “We had a huge response. It’s wild.” The book is aimed at audiences aged three to six-years-old and is the fifth book they’ve released covering Orange Shirt Day. “We’re a full-fledged publisher. We focus on Indigenous content. There’s lots of stuff for people of any age group.”

By focusing on a younger demographic, “we’re trying to plant a seed of reconciliation of what does a threeyear-old or six-year-old need to start that process?” The book is illustrated by Indigenous artist Emily Kewageshig. He expects hard copies of the book to be sold out this week. But people can order copies of the book online from their website or at large retailers online like Amazon and Chapters. “With Our Orange Hearts focus a lot on feelings,” said Anderson. The proceeds of the publishing company’s books go back to supporting Orange Shirt Society. Anderson said the book is perfect for people, “who want to engage in meaningful conversations with their little ones around Orange Shirt Day…it’s a beautiful way to talk about difficult topics. And we think our book does that. Reconciliation can start at any age.”


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Currently, there are 36 former Indian Residential Schools being searched for unmarked graves. According to the TTC, a total of 139 Indian Residential School sites are scattered across Canada. That means just 25% or one-quarter of the former residential school sites have investigations underway. According to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission — there are 3213 documented instances of indigenous children who died at residential schools. One third of the deaths on record did not note the student’s name, one-quarter were not identified by gender and in half the instances the cause of death was not noted. The TRC estimates that due to a lack of reporting of indigenous children deaths the estimated number of children who died while attending residential schools is closer to 6000. This would seem to ring true. Currently the 2207 graves uncovered would account for 68% of the children who died at residential schools. With only a quarter of schools with investigations underway and just 11% of those reporting graves discovered — it is clear that the math, the evidence, and the documented history are not adding up.


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The following schools have reported graves discovered since 2021: Kamloops Indian Residential School in Kamloops, British Columbia – 215 Brandon Indian Residential School in Brandon, Manitoba – 104 Marieval Indian Residential School in Marieval, Saskatchewan – 751 Kootenay Island Residential School in Cranbrook/Ktunaxa First Nation, British Columbia – 182. Kuper Island Indian Residential School in Penelakut Island, British Columbia – 160. St. Joseph’s Mission Residential School in Williams Lake, British Columbia- 93. St. Philips Indian Residential School in Kamsack, Saskatchewan – 12. Fort Pelly Residential School in Fort Pelly, Saskatchewan – 42. Grouard/St. Bernard’s Residential School in Grouard, Alberta – 169. George Gordon Indian Residential School in Punnichy, Saskatchewan – 14. The following schools have announced investigations are underway. Shubenacadie Residential School north of Halifax, Nova Scotia. A previous search of the school grounds identified no graves on site. They are investigating oral history to determine which other sites associated with the school should be examined to find unmarked graves. Mohawk Institute at Six Nations of the Grand River, Ontario. Mount Elgin at Munceytown, Ontario. Pelican Lake Residential School at Pelican Falls (Lac Seul First Nation) in Northern Ontario. Grassy Narrows First Nation is searching the Macintosh Residential School site near Vermilion Bay. Garden River First Nation is investigating the Wawanosh Home for Girls. St. Mary’s Indian Residential School is being investigated by the Wauzhuskh Onigum Nation. Fort Alexander Indian Residential School is being investigated by the Sakeeng First Nation. They are also investigating sexual abuse at the school as well as a grounds search. The Dakota Tipi First Nations is investigating five former schools: Portage la Prairie, Sandy Bay, Assiniboia, Brandon and Fort Alexander. St. Micheal’s at Duck Lake, Saskatchewan. Battleford Industrial School in Battleford, Saskatchewan. That school has 107 recorded deaths. The search began there along with another search at the nearby Delmas Catholic Residential School (Thunderchild) led by the Battlefords Agency Tribal Chiefs. All-Saints – Lac La Ronge at Lac La Ronge, Saskatchewan. Beauval Residential School outside Beauval, Saskatchewan. Lebret Indian Residential School, also known as Qu’appelle, St. Paul’s, and Whitecalf. The Star Blanket Cree Nation is beginning a search there. Holy Angels Residential School in Fort Chipewyan, Alberta began in March 2022. Edmonton – St. Albert Youville Residential School near St. Albert, Alberta. They are looking at two sites around school and Metis River. Lesser Slave Lake at Lesser Slave Lake, Alberta. The Tseshaht First Nation is searching the Alberni Indian Residential School in British Columbia. Christie Indian Residential School had two locations: Tofino and Opisat, British Columbia. The Tla-o-qui-aht First Nation has begin searching there. Ahousaht Residential School in Ahousaht, British Columbia. The Sto:lo Nation is investigating the Coqualeetza (Sardis), St.Mary’s (Mission) and All Hallows (Yale) residential schools that operated on their territory. As well as Coqualeetza Indian Hospital site.

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WE HONOUR THE STRENGTH AND BRAVERY OF RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SURVIVORS AND REMEMBER THE CHILDREN THAT NEVER RETURNED

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SEPTEMBER 30 ORANGE SHIRT DAY: EVERY CHILD MATTERS

'Canada’s National Day for Truth and Reconciliation'

NIÁ:WEN TO ALL OF THE INDIGENOUS VOICES OUT THERE ENSURING THE WORLD KEEPS #SEEINGRED Bryan Porter, Stevie Salas and the Seeing Red 6Nations Team

Creative Colouring Activity This activity is open to everyone, all ages and abilities. You can colour in the lines, or out of the lines, even add you own elements to the design. The goal is to use and enjoy your own gift of creativity. After you’ve finished your design please take a photo of it and either: A. Email it to: info@seeingred6nations.com by Thurs. Oct 6 at 5pm B. Post it on your Facebook or Instagram and tag @seeingred6nations by Thurs. Oct 6 at 5pm C. Drop it off byThurs. Oct 6 at 5pm at Jukasa Studio front desk, Sixth Line and Cayuga Rd. 9-5 Mon-Fri. If you choose this option please include your contact information with your entry. We will do a draw for prizes on Monday October 10 at Noon, live on Seeing Red 6Nations Facebook page (we’re not going to judge anyone’s art but prizes are still fun right! :) By entering this contest you agree that Seeing Red 6Nations and Group of Six can share your entry on their Social Media. If you have any questions please email info@seeingred6nations.com About Group of Six Colouring Book Project: "At the start of August, a group of young artists called the Group of Six, from Six Nations, met in a grove of hickory trees. They were starting a new project that would be guided by what reconciliation means in Indigenous communities, among Indigenous people. They read the 94 Calls to Action from the 2015 Truth and Reconciliation Final Report. This report documents the legacy of Canada’s residential school system. The ‘Calls’ from the report are directed to the departments, organizations and institutions that historically implemented a series of assimilation policies that Indigenous communities continue to heal from. This group of young artists concluded that they did not see themselves in any of the Calls to Action, so they wrote their own. We call our collective, continual experience intergenerational healing as we proceed toward intergenerational wellness. We will be guided by our own calls to action. We call upon all young people to use your creativity, talents, and gifts to contribute to intergenerational healing and intergenerational wellness." To learn more about their work and their Calls to Action visit the Group of Six facebook page If you would like a PDF copy of their book, please contact them through messenger at Group of Six.

www.seeingred6nations.com


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Timeline of Residential Schools in Canada

September 28th, 2022

source: TRC

1831 — Mohawk Indian Residential School opens in Brantford, Ontario. 1876 — The Indian Act is enacted giving Government the exclusive right to create legislation regarding Indians and Indian lands.This Act identifies who is an Indian and establishes related legal rights. 1883 — Sir John A. Macdonald authorizes the creation of residential schools in the Canadian West. Sir Hector Langevin, Secretary of State for the Provinces tells Parliament: “In order to educate the children properly we must separate them from their families. Some people may say this is hard, but if we want to civilize them we must do that.” 1885 — Amendment to the Indian Act – traditional Indian ceremonies, such as potlatches and the Sun Dance, are prohibited. 1907 — Medical Inspector for Indian Affairs, Dr. P.H. Bryce, reports that health conditions in residential schools are a “national crime.” 1920 — Duncan Campbell Scott, Deputy Superintendent of Indian Affairs, makes residential school attendance compulsory for children between the ages of 7 and 15. 1951 — Major revisions are made to the Indian Act – women are allowed to participate in band democracy, prohibitions on traditional Aboriginal practices and ceremonies are removed.

1958 — Indian Affairs regional inspectors recommend the abolition of residential schools

1961 — Amendment to the Indian Act – Status Indians can vote without having to give up their status. 1982 — The Constitution Act is amended and now recognizes and affirms the rights of “Indian, Inuit, and Métis peoples of Canada.” 1986-1994 — The United Church, the Catholic Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, the Anglican Church, and the Presbyterian Church all issue formal apologies for their participation in the residential school system. 1996 — The Final Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples is released. It calls for a public inquiry into the effects of residential schools on generations of Aboriginal peoples. 1996-1998 — Class action law suits begin to appear, including those headed by Willie Blackwater and Nora Bernard. 2005 — Assembly of First Nations National Chief Phil Fontaine announces a class action lawsuit against the Government of Canada over the legacy of the residential schools. 2008 — Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologizes to First Nations, Inuit and Métis for the residential school system. 2009 — As part of the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement (IRSSA), the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is launched and hosts events all across the country to listen to Canadians who want to share their residential school stories.

We are committed to raise awareness and reconciliation for our First Nations communities

EVERY CHILD MATTERS

Propane and Home Heating Oil - HVAC Installation, Maintenance and Service 56 Henry Street Brantford 1-888-553-5550 519-752-6777 renwayenergy.com info@renwayenergy.com


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Gathering on Unmarked Burials The Canadian Press EDMONTON — The smell of burning sage filled the banquet hall of an Edmonton hotel Wednesday as Indigenous elders, youth and women wearing colourful ribbon skirts listened to presenters at the first National Gathering on Unmarked Burials. Reports from two days of sessions included information about archives, search technology and protecting burial sites. Indigenous community members, federal ministers, and Catholic Church representatives responded to the reports with potential next steps. Kimberly Murray, special interlocutor for missing children and unmarked burials, called for an Indigenous-led investigation process that would follow Indigenous practices and protocols. This would act similarly to community, coroner and police investigations. ``The work of recovery can be done in ways that re-

spect Indigenous protocols and respects and honours the family, children, survivors and communities,'' said Murray. One of the themes was pushing to get institutions like churches and universities to have records readily available for families of residential school victims. ``I encourage all those institutions to actually look in their archives and do the work, and not sit back,'' she said. Rev. Carmen Lansdowne, a representative of the United Church of Canada who is a member of Heiltsuk First Nation in British Columbia, teared up while addressing her conflicting relationship with residential schools and the church. Lansdowne's grandfather attended St. Michael's residential school in Alert Bay for 12 years. When revisiting the trauma, he went into a coma for three months. ``It is a very mixed blessing to be the spiritual leader and the public representative of a church

that operated residential schools,'' said Lansdowne. Murray was appointed earlier this year to work with Indigenous communities to help them search for unmarked burial sites. She said her office will hold another gathering in Winnipeg in November and one in Vancouver in January. Many investigations are being done at former residential schools across Canada following the discovery last year of what are believed to be 215 unmarked graves at a former school site in Kamloops, B.C. An estimated 150,000 Indigenous children were forced to attend residential schools in Canada. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission has documented stories from survivors and families detailing mistreatment at the schools, including emotional, physical and sexual abuse. It said there were at least 4,100 deaths at the institutions. LEFT: The Royal Canadian Mint has issued commemorative coins to mark the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, with artwork by three indigenous artists.

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Mint teams up with National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation The Canadian Press WINNIPEG — The experiences of residential school survivors are woven together with First Nations, Inuit and Metis teachings and traditional art forms that were stripped from students in the design of a new commemorative coin unveiled at a special ceremony Thursday. The Royal Canadian Mint teamed up with the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, Indigenous artists and survivors to create a keepsake that acknowledges the truths and traumas behind the residential school system. ``For far too long, the terrible harms committed by the residential school system were not shared. The children (were) made to feel ashamed ? they were ignored,'' said Stephanie Scott, executive director of the centre. ``This keepsake acknowledges the truth. More than that, it does so through the voices and the vision of the survivors themselves.'' The two-sided coin, which can be displayed or worn, was designed collaboratively by Cree artist Leticia Spence, Inuk artist Jason

Sikoak and Metis artist JD Hawk. The trio consulted survivors. Eugene Arcand said working with the designers and the Mint gave survivors the space to share their truths without fear of embarrassment, shame or blame. Arcand is Cree from Muskeg Lake First Nation in Saskatchewan. He spent a total of 11 years attending the St. Michael Indian Residential School and the St. Paul's Lebret Students Residence in Saskatchewan. The discovery of what are believed to be 215 unmarked graves at a former school site in Kamloops, B.C., last year woke up the country to the atrocities Indigenous children and their families faced, said Arcand. ``For years we'd been sharing our stories, and nobody believed us. The 215 validated that we were telling the truth. We can never forget that.'' He said the release of the keepsake, a little more than a week before the second annual l National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, is part of a larger push to educate the public and help heal intergenerational

wounds. On one of side of the coin, ``Every Child Matters'' is written in English and French. Footprints appear on each side, representing ancestors walking with younger generations. In the centre, orange handprints form the shape of a sun. The three artists created a collection of symbolic elements that form an expression of Indigenous cultures and perspectives on the other side of the coin. Traditional tattoo line work, the northern lights and an ulu, a curved knife used in the North, represent Inuit. The Metis sash, floral beadwork and a bison represent the Metis Nation. A teepee, two women holding a cradle board, or tikanagan, and the sun are used to represent First Nations rights, culture and teachings. Spence, who is from Pimicikamak Cree Nation, said she drew on her grandmother's experiences of being raised by a family member in her design: ``That idea of matriarchal love, and the love that a child feels.''

On September 30th, the team at St. Leonard’s Community Services will wear our orange shirts to honour those who survived residential schools, to remember all those who didn’t, and to pay our respect for their families and communities. This National Day for Truth and Reconciliation is a time to reflect on a dark chapter in Canada’s history. It is by shedding light on those darkest passages that we learn from the past and move forward towards a brighter future. We stand in solidarity with our First Nations brothers and sisters. Because, the truth matters, reconciliation matters, and of course, every child matters.

st-leonards.com


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September 28th, 2022

National Day for Truth and Reconciliation

SEPTEMBER 30 Grand Erie recognizes

National Day for Truth and Reconciliation

as a day to remember, honour the healing journeys of residential school survivors and their families, and to demonstrate a commitment to the processes of reconciliation.

The day recognizes the resilience of Indigenous peoples and communities and provides an opportunity for all people in Canada to engage in discussions or provide acknowledgement and support in addressing the brutal legacy of the residential school system. Grand Erie schools across the district will be recognizing Truth and Reconciliation and Orange Shirt Day with learning experiences and events.

Follow us on Twitter @GEDSB to see what Grand Erie is doing to support Truth and Reconciliation

Grand Erie District School Board 349 Erie Avenue, Brantford, Ontario, N3T 5V3 Telephone: 519-756-6301 | Toll Free: 1-888-548-8878 | Email: info@granderie.ca | granderie.ca Follow and join the conversation | @GEDSB on Twitter and Facebook | @granderiedsb on Instagram


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Ball's Falls fireside event features Indigenous-led dialogue STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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The Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority, Kakekalanicks Consulting, and Niagara Folk Arts Festival were pleased to welcome more than a hundred guests to Ball’s Falls Conservation Area for the first Annual “Reawakening All Our Relations” event featuring

Indigenous-led programming situated in nature, from September 23 to September 25. The event kicked off on Friday with a 360 Story Walk from 6-8 p.m. This guided twilight Two-Row nature walk was led by local Elder Dave Labbé who shared his knowledge of the natural world, history, and ecology of the forest, alongside outdoor educators who shared concepts from Western ecological

More than a hundred people gathered for the 'Reawakening All Our Relations' event at Balls Falls.

The event, held at Balls Falls, will have a rescheduled Sunday program set for one day on Sunday, October 16. SUBMITTED

perspectives. The evening opened with smudging and closed in a circle with reflection at the fireside. On Saturday, guests participated in an interactive workshop, “Cultural

Roots of Lacrosse and Values of Stick Making” and engaged in meaningful dialogue in a space of mutual understanding. The night ended with Indigenous Stories by the

Fire, where Elders, artists, Indigenous youth singers, dancers, and storytellers engaged the audience in powerful stories, interactive dances, and reflection. Due to weather, Sun-

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day’s program was rescheduled for Sunday, October 16 at 3:30 p.m. Tickets are still available for purchase. Find out more at npca.ca/events.

LETTER: Dreamcatcher Charity gives thanks for donation Dreamcatcher Charitable Foundation is honoured to be the chosen as the official charity for the 1st Indigenous Provincial Golf Championship. It was a privilege to be a part of the 2-day event, that showcased over 90 golfers, representing 41 Ontario First Nation communities. Congratulations to all participants and tournament winners. Also, a big congratulations to tournament coordinators, staff, and volunteers for running a successful event. Thank you Golf Ontario and MontHill Golf and Country Club for the generous $30,000 donation to our foundation, with incredible donations like this we are able to assist more Indigenous youth, families and communities in pursuit of their dreams.

Dreamcatcher Charitable Foundation


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September 28th, 2022

What each province, territory is doing on National Day for Truth and Reconciliation CANADIAN PRESS

editor@tworowtimes.com

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Friday is the second annual National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, also known as Orange Shirt Day. The federal government made Sept. 30 a statutory holiday for its workers and federally regulated workplaces last year. And

it is up to each province and territory to decide whether to also make it an statutory holiday for workers in their governments, schools and businesses. Here is what they are doing: British Columbia Similar to last year, B.C. has advised public sector employers, including those in public schools, that the day should be

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observed as a statutory holiday by those who are normally entitled to federal and provincial stats. Essential services will operate as normal. The province has consulted with residential school survivors, Indigenous partners and communities about creating a new holiday, and is seeking input from employers and employees. The province has said that the earliest changes can be made under the Employment Standards Act would be for 2023. Alberta Alberta has left it up to employers to implement it as a statutory holiday. A spokesman with Indigenous Relations, Ted Bauer, says the province has chosen to commemorate the day through education and action, as work is being done to create a residential school monument and garden. The United Nurses of Alberta has said Alberta Health Services told it to recognize the day as a named holiday after the union filed a grievance. Saskatchewan Saskatchewan says it is not considering additional statutory holidays at this time. Matthew Glover, director of media relations with the government, says Sept. 30 will continue to

be an important day for reflection, recognition and an opportunity for all citizens to learn more about the legacy of residential schools. Manitoba The Manitoba government is observing the day for a second year, while discussions continue about making it a statutory holiday. Schools and non-essential government services and offices will be closed. The province says it is consulting with Indigenous and labour groups. Ontario Sept. 30 is not a statutory holiday in Ontario. Schools will be open and operating as usual. Erika Robson, a spokesperson for Minister of Indigenous Affairs Greg Rickford, says the day is a time for schools, workplaces and communities to honour those affected by the legacy of residential school policies, and is similar to how Remembrance Day is observed across the province. Quebec They day is not a statutory holiday in Quebec. Last year, the government said it had no plans to make it one. Nova Scotia Nova Scotia will be observing the day for a second year in a row.

Provincial government offices, public schools, regulated childcare and other non-essential public services will be closed. Businesses have the choice to remain open. The day is not a general paid holiday. The government is in discussions with Mi'kmaw leaders and communities, as well as businesses and organizations, on how best to honour the day in the future. New Brunswick The province recently declared Sept. 30 a provincial holiday. All essential services, including health care, will continue to be delivered. The holiday is optional for private sector businesses. Prince Edward Island P.E.I. said last year it would recognize the day. It is one of eight paid holidays in the province under the Employment Standards Act. Provincial government offices and schools will close. Newfoundland and Labrador The government says consultations continue with Indigenous governments and organizations and the business and labour sector about making the day a public holiday under the Labour Standards Act. For now, provincial government offices, schools and other

entities will be closed. The province is encouraging businesses and other organizations to commemorate the day. Nunavut The territory announced last month that changes had been made to the Labour Standards Act, Legislation Act and Public Service Act to make the day a statutory holiday, which applies to public service employees and those with territorially regulated businesses. Northwest Territories N.W.T. amended the Employment Standards Act in the summer to add the day to its list of statutory holidays to be observed annually beginning this year. Yukon The territory surveyed members of public, First Nations, businesses and other groups to get feedback on what the day should look like. It says support was mixed for making it a statutory holiday. The government says it is continuing consultations but the earliest Sept. 30 could become a stat would be next year. This year, the territory is observing the day and Yukon government employees will not be required to work. Schools will be closed.

Missionary Society of Canada and one by the Roman Catholic Mission. A sacred fire was lit Sunday on the First Nationand is to remain lit until the ground search begins Thursday. David Swanson, a councillor in Norway House, says the community has been waiting in anticipation for its search to start since last spring, when what are believed to be 215 unmarked graves were found at a former school site in Kamloops, B.C. The search at Norway House is scheduled to begin with a traditional ceremony including a blessing of the land. Leadership in the community are to present the scope of the work

with timelines and answer questions from members. Counsellors from the community's health division will be on hand to help anyone who may be affected by the search. The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation says the Methodist Missionary Society began operating the Rossville School in 1899. The building burned down in 1913 and a replacement school was opened the following year. A young boy was badly frozen and lost several toes when he ran away from the school in the winter of 1907 because of physical abuse, the centre has documented. More than three decades later, the school burned down again. It was

replaced in 1954. The residence was converted to a day school in 1967, when the property was transferred to the provincial government. The centre has documented 13 students who died while being forced to attend the school. The second school was originally known as Jack River Annex and was funded as part of the Cross Lake School. It was run by the Roman Catholic Mission at Norway House. The facility was directly funded in 1960 and became known as the Notre Dame Hostel until 1967, when the community signed an agreement with the Frontier School Division for operation of the school.

Manitoba First Nation to begin the search

CANADIAN PRESS

editor@tworowtimes.com

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NORWAY HOUSE CREE NATION- An Indigenous community in northern Manitoba is set to begin its search for any unmarked graves on the grounds of two former residential school sites. Norway House Cree Nation is working with engineering firm Stantec to conduct the search. Chief Larson Anderson says in a release that it is necessary to proceed with the project so the residential school survivors and their families can move on in their healing journeys. The community had two residential schools _ one run by the Methodist


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Canadian Museums Association recommends 10 ways to decolonize heritage sector CANADIAN PRESS

editor@tworowtimes.com

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The Canadian Museums Association is calling for legislation, money and a cohesive national strategy to support Indigenous-led reconciliation in the museum sector. The association detailed the work needed in a report released Tuesday that includes 10 recommendations to help spur Indigenous self-determination at every level of a museum's operations. ``Moved to Action: Activating UNDRIP in Museums'' urges legislation to support the repatriation of Indigenous belongings and remains of ancestors, and dedicated funding for the repatriation process. It was funded by the Heritage Department and responds to a call by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to review museum policies. Pointing to her sector's deep legacy of colonization, association president Heather George said our understanding of history is richer when Indigenous Peoples have authority over how they are represented. Still, she recognized there is uncertainty in some institutions over how to go about talking to communities about artifacts that have a painful history: ``fears of doing it wrong, fears of hurting people.'' There are also fears that it will gut collections, she acknowledged, but she noted there are many ways to address contentious Indigenous material without entirely removing them from the public sphere, such as by creating a replica for the museum. But delaying action risks ongoing harm, cautioned George, whose family on her father's side is Mohawk. ``There is a cost to inaction,'' said George, curator of Indigenous history with the Canadian Museum of History and a guest curator at the Woodland Cultural Centre on the site of a former residential school, the Mohawk Institute, in Brantford, Ont.

``All the way, all along, Indigenous folks have been saying part of our healing and part of our dealing with the realities of colonization is having access to our material culture and our knowledge and bringing all those pieces back together.'' The report also lists 30 ways that museums can support decolonization, including by recognizing that Indigenous Peoples have intellectual sovereignty over all material created by or about them and by developing hiring policies that take Indigenous knowledge and experience into account. A key step, says the report, is for museums to adopt ``meaningful Indig-

enous governance with decision-making authority, not simply advisory bodies.'' When items are repatriated, Indigenous rights holders must determine how best to care for them. George said she's optimistic that at least the recommendation for federal legislation is nigh, pointing to Bill C-15 _ the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act, which received royal assent in June 2021. The bill requires the federal government to prepare an action plan to achieve the objectives of UNDRIP within two years, or June 21, 2023. Victoria-based artist Lou-Ann Neel, who served

on a ``reconciliation council'' that guided the CMA research, said the findings come after other studies have already issued similar pleas. But she bemoaned the relatively little action to address ill-obtained material and repair Indigenous ties. Necessary, too, is more information about the scope of what, exactly, museums have in their possession — legitimate and otherwise, she added, recounting her shock years ago to stumble across commercially sold carvings by her great-great-grandfather Charlie James and her grandmother Ellen Neel in a Victoria museum. At the time, she

knew nothing about the long-standing artistic tradition behind them, she said, and has since heard similar stories of Indigenous people feeling disconnected from the work and lives of their ancestors. ``So much got taken that families didn't even know what they were looking for because they didn't know what was missing, because they never got to hear about it in the first place,'' said Neel, originally from Alert Bay, B.C. ``A lot of what happens is people will go in search under the current name of their tribe, and they'll find 10 to 15 other ways that their tribal name was spelled. So that's also a

barrier.'' The report traces a ``collecting frenzy'' through the 1800s and early 1900s that included sacred cultural belongings, burial items and human remains. The brunt of those actions are still felt today, said Neel. ``Some of the things that arrived in museums were done very legitimately or purchased or donated,'' Neel acknowledged. ``(But) we've got things that are sitting in there that are 100 years old that have no business sitting in the museum.'' The CMA represents more than 2,700 museums that range from small, volunteer-led organizations to national institutions.

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September 28th, 2022

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know the score.

A chance to golf with the Thompsons state-side in tournament STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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SYRACUSE — The Thompson Brothers will hold their second annual Golf Tournament on Saturday, October 1, at the Bellevue Country Club in Syracuse, NY. The anticipated fund-raising event will support the mission of the Thompsons’ 4 The Future Foundation. In 2020 the four Thompson Brothers, Lyle, Jeremy, Hiana and Miles launched the 4 The Future Foundation (4TFF) where sports meets culture, a charitable organization with a mission to share the roots and values of the Creators game of Lacrosse with diverse communities through programming that inspires and encourages health

Participantes that join in this October will be able to meet the Thompson brothers and other Lacrosse players while supporting a cause that allows our youth, communities and future generations the opportunity to unearth their courage and passions to achieve their dreams. FILE

and wellness, education, youth leadership and honouring the natural world. Some programs that are put together by the 4TFF includes stick

and equipment grants, lacrosse clinics, programs and more. The Thompson Brothers hope that 4TFF will be a way to give back to both Indigenous

games during the regular season are available on ESPN+ and through TSN’s platforms, including TSN. ca and the TSN app. The complete national broadcast schedules for TSN and ESPN and the League’s playoff schedule will be announced in the coming weeks. “Our fans have been eagerly anticipating Face-off Weekend since our sensational Final’s series capped an incredible season and playoffs in the spring,” said NLL Commissioner Brett Frood. “We expect that the passionate fan bases at the six venues opening the 2022-23 regular season will pillar momentum for the rest of the year, and the broad reach of TSN and ESPN ensures that fans across North America can join in the celebration.” The Las Vegas Desert Dogs, the NLL’s 15th and newest franchise, will open on Week 2 at Panther City, and will play their inaugural home game on Friday, December 16, at Michelob

ULTRA Arena. The game at Las Vegas will be televised on ESPN2 at 10:30pm ET. The defending champion Colorado Mammoth will hoist their 2022 NLL Championship banner on Saturday, January 7, 2023, against the Calgary Roughnecks. Some other highlights of the 2022-23 NLL schedule include: Four other Face Off Weekend games will be contested on December 3, including the Albany FireWolves at Buffalo Bandits, San Diego Seals at New York Riptide, Rochester Knighthawks at Georgia Swarm and defending champion Colorado Mammoth at Saskatchewan Rush: Each team will play 18 games (nine home and nine away) over the 22 weeks, there are five weeks in which all 15 NLL teams will be in action (Week 9, Jan. 27-28; Week 10, Feb. 3-4; Week 16, March 17-19; Week 17, March 24-25, Week 18, March 31-April 2).

and underserved youth, their communities and to the future generations to come. The annual golf tournament is a fun way to support a good cause

that will help to inspire and lead youth through the game of Lacrosse and more. Last year the tournament hosted 112 golfers with an additional 50 people joining in the celebration. There was a silent auction with many Thompson-themed items to bid on and entertainment by the fabulous Ripcords. This year the Foundation hopes to fill the course with 144 golfers for an 18-hole scramble with cash prizes for the top two foursomes. “We’re excited to build off the success of not only our inaugural golf outing but the work that the Thompsons are doing in communities around the country to lift young people through the power of lacrosse,” said Scott Marr, who is also the Event Chair. “The golf outing

gives us an opportunity to spread our message and enjoy the day with new and old friends.” Nike prizes will be awarded for men's and women's longest drive, closest to pin and best dressed foursome. All golfers will receive a gift bag with polo, hat, golf balls and more. UAlbany Coach Scott Marr will again serve as the event chair and the Ripcords will be back to perform after the dinner buffet. Participantes that join in this October will be able to meet the Thompson brothers and other Lacrosse players while supporting a cause that allows our youth, communities and future generations the opportunity to unearth their courage and passions to achieve their dreams.

NLL announce upcoming schedule Chippewa of the Thames fighter to starting in December keep training after first round loss STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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PHILADELPHIA – The National Lacrosse League (@NLL) today announced on Tuesday, September 20, 2022 the largest schedule in its history. With 135 games for the 2022-23 regular season, the schedule will get underway with Face-off Weekend on December 2-3, 2022. The NLL’s 36th year opens with six games, three matchups in Canada and three in the U.S., as part of a 22-week schedule through April 29. Fans can view the entire slate online. Face Off Weekend will include two TSN Game of the Week contests on Friday, December 2 will see the Philadelphia Wings versus the Halifax Thunderbirds, at 6 p.m. ET, and Saturday, December 3 will see the Vancouver Warriors versus the Toronto Rock at 5 p.m. ET. All 135

MINNESOTA— Ashley Nichols, Chippewa of the Thames First Nation, was submitted in the first round by Jaqueline Amorim, who was set to defend her LFA Strawweight Championship for the first time. Amorim’s title fight victory headlined LFA 142, which took place from the Mystic Lake Casino Hotel in Prior Lake, Minnesota, USA. Amorim used an armbar against Nichols during the first round, moving into the submission after being in the full mount and Nichols tapped due to the risky nature of the hold. Amorim took Nichols down halfway through the first round, but despite her performance on Friday ending within a round, the bout is now her longest appearance as a pro. Her previous five wins all came in under two minutes, with the shortest bout lasting just 10 seconds. Amorim became champion earlier this year, submitting Loveth Young in the first round of a fight via kneebar. Nichols is now the 6th ranked of 31 active Canada-based women fighters, pound for pound. She took to Instagram to write: “continuing to walk forward in supreme devotion and trust towards the not yet manifested. Grateful for those who still believe.” SUBMITTED


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September 28th, 2022

Curve Lake First Nations youth finds himself in lacrosse STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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Deacan Knott is one of many determined to make it to the top of the lacrosse world. The 19-year-old goaltender from the Curve Lake First Nation played for the Lakers’ minor program and worked his way up to the Jr. C and then the Jr. A Lakers. He also travelled south of the border to play for a tournament team based out of New Jersey and got in net for an appearance at the U.S. National Championships in 2019. He played last summer for the Arena Lacrosse league’s Oshawa Outlaws in the wintertime. But Knott wasn’t a born and bred lacrosse player. He was first brought to the sports world as a child following his father Ian Knott, one of the area’s

Canada posted a 4-0 record with Knott playing in net for three of the games.

top fastball pitchers, to the ballpark. He often served as the bat boy and travelled across North America to fastball tournaments

with his dad. Knott later turned to hockey and became a goaltender that set out to play in Ennismore, AA

in Peterborough, then a season of AAA with the Central Ontario Wolves, with some Jr. C with the Lakefield Chiefs and North

SUBMITTED

Kawartha Knights mixed in. But after some friends suggested he transfer his net-minding skills to la-

crosse, Knott found a new way to shine. Following the Jr. A Lakers’ elimination from playoffs this summer, he was later invited to play for Canada at the World Junior Lacrosse Championships held in Winnipeg. The tournament featured six teams including the U.S., Australia, Haudenosaunee, Poland and Israel, whose goalie was Knott's Lakers' mate Jackson Hainer. Knott now stands as an opponent to the Haudenosaunee, but wasn’t always. He backstopped Canada to the gold medal, making 46 saves in the championship game, a 16-9 win over the Haudenosaunee. But Knott played for the Haudenosaunee in the 2018 tournament in Calgary, while being named to the All World First Team. Canada posted a 4-0 record with Knott playing in net for three of the games.

Kahnawake Senior Women's Soccer team wins league championship

VALLEYFIELD — The Kahnawake Senior Women’s Soccer team capped off their season by winning the league championship in Valleyfield on Sunday, September 18 with a nerve-wracking score of 3-1. Kahnawake went head-to-head against Mercier, which stood as the only team that had defeated them during the regular season. The Kahnawake women combined for 92 goals on the pitch this season while only allowing 14. Kendall Horn led the team in scoring with 37 goals, followed by Mya McGregor with 15, Leblanc with 10, Cook with six and Iakothahison Delaronde with five. SUBMITTED


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Referee shortage will push solutions and clinics to open STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

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On September 21, it was noted in the Six Nations Minor Lacrosse Association (SNMLA) Facebook group that the referee shortage in Minor Field is ‘dire’ and moved to affect game scheduling. “In Week 1 we were forced to cancel games for the first time ever because of a referee shortage. Week 2 some dedicated people and a lot of schedule shuffling meant everything barely got covered,” wrote the moderator. “You are receiving this message because every effort is being made to make sure young people get to play the game of lacrosse and we have a chance to make sure this happens,” it read, directed to the parents of the group. To help accommodate the shortage, the SNMLA announced a coaching clinic on September 21. The mens field clinic via zoom set to certify officials of all levels. New officials were to be provided a starter kit including jersey, hat, whistle, and flag (1) so there are no hidden costs to join the team. The urgent games that needed to be covered are set to take place on

In October of 2021, it was reported that a Canada-wide shortage of referees and linesmen forced grassroots hockey organizations to cancel games, and many leagues reduced the number of officials required to work on the ice as the sport grapples with a series of pandemic aftershocks. STAFF

Saturdays until Thanksgiving in Brampton. This is just one measure being taken across the board to recruit and retain new officials. Reported in earlier August, parts of Maine, Tennessee, New York, and Minnesota were seeing the early signs of strain in their fall sports seasons due to the ongoing referee shortages facing the USA. As the calendar turned from August to September,

the fall sports schedule ramped up in full effect but the pool of available referees to officiate all the games had quickly evaporated. According to a recent report from WGME 13, Maine high schools are already shuffling schedules due to the referee shortage. Ronald Kramer, an official, sent a public letter to the Maine Principals’ Association about multiple issues, including

pay and other problems that are leading to the shortages. To fix it, it is hoped that a “true partnership,” will figure out a solution across youth, high school, and college sports, and establish a program to recruit and retain younger officials. Another report from Western New York’s Eerie News Now wrote that referees involved in a specific contract section were

not planning to return to the field from August 29 through September 10, as their work contract expired on August 31. The driving point, according to the High School Sports Officials of Western New York, was with the section that rules the organization is unwilling to increase referees’ pay in times of inflation even after their pay was frozen for two years. Officials sought a $4 raise in the

first year of a six-year agreement, however, were cited as only being offered a $2 raise with no opportunity to expand. Finally, a Fox 9 Minneapolis report highlighted that every youth or amateur sport in Minnesota is having trouble finding people to officiate games. In October of 2021, it was reported that a Canada-wide shortage of referees and linesmen forced grassroots hockey organizations to cancel games, and many leagues reduced the number of officials required to work on the ice as the sport grapples with a series of pandemic aftershocks. Administrators say the challenge extends through small towns and big cities, from youth games to beer leagues. On-ice officials have been subject to the same demographic shifts that have changed elements of life under COVID-19, they say, and there is no easy solution as arenas flickered back to life that winter. A current statistic has not been provided for the number of recruited and retained officials across sport disciplines in Canada, but many fall programs, like field lacrosse for the SNMLA, are seeing issues.

DR. ANNETTE DELIO & DR. KATHLEEN LEONARD OPTOMETRISTS

WINNIPEG — Last Wednesday, 27-year-old Sydney Daniels joined the Winnipeg Jets as a college scout — making her the first First Nations woman from Treaty 6 territory to be added to the Jets’ operations team. With a decorated hockey resume, Daniels not only played and coached for Harvard University, but also Sagestrong, the championship winning women’s team that played in the Fred Saskamoose Tournament this year. A third generation player, whose father, Scott, played for three NHL teams including Hartford, New Jersey and Philadelphia, and whose her grandfather played while attending St Michael’s residential school in Duck Lake. Raised in Southwick, Massachusetts, Daniels heritage includes a proud Indigenous lineage with the Mistawasis First Nation. As a dual citizen, Saskatchewan has proven a second home in her hockey career. In her new role, Daniels will look to inspire more Indigenous youth to see a future for themselves in the hockey world. SUBMITTED

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September 28th, 2022

Ontarians eligible for booster By TRT Staff

Building Ontario’s future together. OPG’s Reconciliation Action Plan reaffirms our commitment to a continued journey of reconciliation with Indigenous communities across Ontario. We see partnership as a way forward. The plan outlines our goals to grow our economic impact for Indigenous communities and businesses, while working to preserve our shared tomorrow. Join us in this journey and help us bring our plan to life. Learn more by visiting:

opg.com/reconciliation

Where a brighter tomorrow begins.

The Ontario government started offering the bivalent COVID-19 booster dose to all Ontarians aged 18 and over, beginning with the most vulnerable populations, on Sept. 12. “The bivalent COVID-19 booster is a safe and effective way for people to better protect themselves against the most recently circulating COVID-19 variants in Ontario,” said Dr. Kieran Moore, chief medical officer of health. “As vaccine protection decreases over time, I encourage all Ontarians aged five and over to receive the booster dose they are eligible for.” Bivalent COVID-19 booster appointments will be available to and can be booked for the most vulnerable populations, including: Individuals aged 70 and over; residents of long-

term care homes, retirement homes, Elder Care Lodges and individuals living in other congregate settings that provide assisted-living and health services; First Nation, Inuit and Métis individuals and their non-Indigenous household members aged 18 and over; moderately to severely immunocompromised individuals aged 12 and over; pregnant individuals aged 18 and over; and health care workers aged 18 and over. Appointments can be booked through the COVID-19 vaccination portal or by calling the Provincial Vaccine Contact Centre (PVCC) at 1-833-943-3900. Eligible individuals can also book an appointment directly through public health units that use their own booking systems, Indigenous-led vaccination clinics, participating health care providers and participating pharmacies.

Long-term care, retirement home and Elder Care Lodge residents may receive their bivalent booster dose directly through the congregate home where they live. “With the start of the respiratory illness season, it is especially important to make sure people stay up to date with their vaccines,” said Sylvia Jones, deputy premier and minister of health. “COVID-19 vaccinations and boosters are the best tool to keep people healthy and out of hospitals, and to ensure Ontario’s economy stays open as kids go back to school and as the weather cools and people spend more time indoors.” The bivalent vaccine, along with continued access to testing and antivirals and updated public health guidance, gives Ontarians the tools they need to make the best decisions.


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Hydro One launches 50/50 model Three Fires Nations to boost economy By TRT Staff This week Hydro One shared plans for its new equity partnership model with First Nations on new capital transmission line projects. The value of these projects exceeds $100 million. The model offers First Nations a 50 per cent equity stake in all future large scale capital transmission line projects. The model also transforms the benefits of infrastructure development for First Nation communities into the future. "For too long, First Nations have borne the impacts of infrastructure development in their traditional territories without seeing the benefits. We recognize that we did not always get it right, and this equity model signals a significant shift in how Hydro One will work with First Nations," said Megan Telford, chief human resources

officer, Hydro One. "For our collective success we must continue to push existing boundaries. Hydro One is committed to its journey of taking meaningful action to advance Reconciliation and we will continue to listen to and learn from Indigenous communities with a focus on building trusting and long-lasting relationships." This announcement follows the signing of an agreement in the spring with eight First Nations represented by Gwayakocchigewin Limited Partnership (GLP) for the Waasigan Transmission Line project. This agreement provides the First Nations represented by the GLP with the opportunity to invest in an equity stake in the project. "I want to congratulate Hydro One on its new equity partnership model with First Nations communities for new large scale transmission projects. New transmission lines are crit-

ical to supporting electrification and the economic wellbeing of our province, and First Nations are critical partners in collectively achieving those goals,” said Honourable Todd Smith, Minister of Energy. In total, nine First Nations will have the opportunity to invest in 50 per cent of the Waasigan Transmission Line project, which will bolster capacity and support economic growth in northwest Ontario. "The new equity model demonstrates a deep and long-term commitment to creating a strong partnership between Hydro One and Ontario First Nations communities. These relationships built on trust will transform the benefits of infrastructure development for future generations for years to come,” said Honourable Greg Rickford, Minster of Northern Development and Minister of Indigenous Affairs.

By TRT Staff Ontario is partnering with Caldwell First Nation, the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation and the Three Fires Group to establish the Three Fires Nations-Ontario Southwestern Ontario Infrastructure and Economic Opportunities Table. According to a Sept. 15 press release, the new joint table will advance billions of dollars in critical infrastructure, transformational investments, and clean energy projects in the region. And create a space for meaningful dialogue and collaboration between First Nation leaders and the province. “We are on a mission to build this province, and the creation of this economic opportunities table will be a game changer for the people of southwestern Ontario,” said Premier Doug Ford in the release. “We are going

to stand shoulder-to-shoulder with our First Nations partners to advance critical infrastructure projects and ensure everyone benefits from the opportunities that Ontario holds. Working together, we will build a better Ontario for the generations that follow us.” Ontario established the Southwestern Ontario Infrastructure and Economic Opportunities Table to accelerate key infrastructure projects, support transformational clean energy project investments, identify and prepare investment-ready lands and advance discussions regarding shared environmental priorities. "This is an historic marker for Caldwell First Nation and we are excited to work in lockstep with the Province of Ontario in building our Nation and the surrounding Nations through this unprecedented announcement. We

are ready to move at the speed of business and look forward to advancing the agenda together with the Premier and his team,” said Chief Mary Duckworth, Caldwell First Nation. The Ontario Government continues to work with First Nations to find new ways to bring First Nations Leaders to the table early. This partnership will encourage more opportunities for qualified First Nations providers to support the procurement of goods and services across the province and further strengthen Ontario’s economy. “The creation of the Southwestern Ontario Infrastructure and Economic Opportunities Table will lead to enhanced collaboration between the Government of Ontario and area First Nations leadership, and I look forward to the important work that lies ahead,” said Greg Rickford, Minister of Indigenous Affairs.

Celebrating the rich and resilient history of Indigenous peoples and working to co-create a better future through Reconciliation. Learn more by visiting: www.nwmo.ca/Reconciliation

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Position

Employer/Location

Term

SIX NATIONS COUNCIL Administrative Assistant Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time Communicative Disorders Assistant Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time Registered Early Childhood Educator Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time Drainage Superintendent Administration, Central Administration Full Time Personal Support Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time Health Advocacy Officer Home and Community Care, Health Services Full Time Behaviour Unit Administrative Assistant Child and Family Services, Social Services Full Time Mental Health Nurse/Case Manager Mental Health and Addictions, Health Services Full Time Land Use Officer Lands and Resources Full Time Community Food Animator Community Health and Wellness, Health Services Full Time I.T. Support Technician Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Legal Ogwadeni:deo Full Time STM Family Service Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Speech Language Pathologist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time Early Childhood Development Worker Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Part Time Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Full Time Youth Life Promotion Advisor Kanikonriio Child and Youth Programs, Social Services Full Time Senior Accounts Receivable Clerk Finance, Central Administration Full Time Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Contract Special Needs Resource Consultant Child Care Services, Social Services Contract (Maternity) Admission/Concession Worker Parks and Recreation Part Time School Caretaker (2 Vacancies) Public Works Part Time Sanitation Truck Driver Public Works Part Time Administrative Assistant Community Health & Wellness, Health Services Contract Maintenance Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Part Time Cook Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time Education Manager Education, Central Administration Contract Academic Lead Education, Central Administration Contract Intake Worker Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Cultural Advisor Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Cook Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Part Time Executive Administrator Administration, Health Services Full Time Ęsadatgęhs Quality Lead Administration, Health Services Full Time Registered Nurse Diabetes Wellness Program, Health Services Contract Assistant Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Part Time Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Full Time Occupational Therapist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time Registered Early Childhood Educator Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time Medical Transportation Driver Community Health and Wellness, Health Services Full Time Special Needs Resource Consultant Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time Indigenous Victim Services (IVS) Justice, Central Administration Contract Court Advocate Administration Lead Administration, Health Services Contract Health Planning Project Coordinator Administration, Health Services Full Time Family Well Being Navigator Administration, Social Services Full Time Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays...Monday through Friday from 8:30-4:30pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken

Salary $23.00/ Hour TBD TBD $75,000 to $95,000 $22.00/ Hour TBD $36,400 TBD TBD $50,000 to $55,000 TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD $21.00/ Hour $21.00/ Hour $45,000 $56,000 to $66,000 $18.00/ Hour $27.00/ Hour $16.00/ Hour $18.00/ Hour $19.00/ Hour $22.00 to $25.00/ Hour TBD $20.00/ Hour $70,000 to $90,000 $65,000 to $75,000 TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD $70,000 to $74,147 $16.00/ Hour $18.00/ Hour TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD $75,000 to $82,500 $55,000 to $65,000 $65,520

Closing Date Position September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 September 28, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 5, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022

September 28th, 2022

Employer/Location

Firefighter Fire Emergency Services SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT Cyber Security Analyst Grand Erie District School Board PowerSchool Coordinator Grand Erie District School Board Library Technician - Delhi Grand Erie District School Board Library Technician - Haldimand Grand Erie District School Cayuga Language Instructor Six Nations Polytechnic Executive Director of Finance Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation MCFN Lands Claim Coordinator Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Cultural Awareness Coordinator Anishinaabemowin Instructor – Ekwaamjigenang Children’s Center (ECC) Director of Advancement Post Office Assistant Library Assistant Gas Technician or Helper Store Clerk Construction Staff

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Term

Salary

Closing Date

Full Time

TBD

October 12, 2022

Full Time Contract Part Time Part Time Full Time/ Permanent Full Time/ Permanent Full Time/ Permanent

$78,249 to $88,919 $78,249 to $88,919 $23.30/ Hour $23.30/ Hour TBD $100,000 to $115,000 $40,297.50 to $56,821.50 $40,250 $36,662.50 to $51,350.50 TBD $18.08/ Hour $18.00/ Hour TBD TBD $18.00 to $20.00/ Hour

September 26, 2022 September 26, 2022 September 27, 2022 September 27, 2022 September 29, 2022 September 29, 2022 September 29, 2022

Full Time/ Contract Full Time/ Permanent

September 29, 2022 September 29, 2022

Brantford Native Housing Part Time/ Contract September 30, 2022 Canada Post Temporary/ On-call October 1, 2022 Woodland Cultural Center Full Time October 6, 2022 Wil iam Bros. Heating & Cooling Full Time October 15, 2022 Mohawk Trading Post Full Time October 22, 2022 Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent Until Fil ed Development Corporation Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $16.90/ Hour Until Fil ed IT Technician Ohsweken Speedway Full Time/ Permanent $45,000 to $75,000 Until Fil ed Kitchen Help Sade:konih TOJ TBD Until Fil ed Cashier Styres Gas Bar Part Time TBD Until Fil ed Weekend Visitor Services Woodland Cultural Center Part Time $15.00/ Hour Until Fil ed Housing Outreach Worker Brantford Native Housing Full Time TBD Until Fil ed Tire Technician Hil s Tire Full Time TBD Until Fil ed Building Attendant Staff Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent TBD Until Fil ed Development Corporation Chiefswood Park Food Truck Cook Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Seasonal $18.00 to $20.00/ Hour Until Fil ed Development Corporation Project Administrative Assistant Woodland Cultural Centre Full Time TBD Until Fil ed Operations Manager Kayanase Full Time TBD Until Fil ed Forestry Labourer Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Fil ed Ground Maintenance Worker Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Fil ed Gas Bar Attendant Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Part Time TBD Until Fil ed Park Attendant Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to $20.00/Hour Until Fil ed Development Corporation Bingo Hall Cook Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to $20.00/Hour Until Fil ed Development Corporation Bingo Sales Representative Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to $20.00/Hour Until Fil ed Development Corporation Education Curriculum Developer Woodland Cultural Center Contract TBD Until Fil ed Building Attendant Staff Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to $20.00/Hour Until Fil ed Development Corporation Supply Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Contract/Casual $16.90/Hour Until Fil ed October 12, 2022 The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the October 12, 2022 surrounding area, visit our job board at www.greatsn.com! To apply for funding, book your intake appointment with an ETC by calling 519-445-2222 (TollOctober 12, 2022 Free long distance at 1-888 218-8230 or email us at info@greatsn.com. Phone: 519.445.2222 Fax: 519.445.4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230 www.greatsn.com


TWO TWOROW ROWTIMES TIMES

September 28th, 2022 26

ATTN:

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH, 37 2022

send notices to ads@tworowtimes.com

Free Event

Roofing Contractor

Year round installation Toka’t ihsere karihsta enhsahskwahrénhstahkwe’, sheiatewennata’ne Ojistoh Squire

519-774-9633

Forestry Services

Grandviews Xteriors Ltd Grandviews Xteriors is looking for 3 individuals to join our team. 2 installers and 1 labour. These individuals must have • 3-5 yrs experience min. Own tools.( gun, hose, belt, drill, tape, utility knife, chalk line • Reliable transportation to and from site. • Physical capable at of moving around at heights • Some heavy lifting (50+ lbs) • Knowledge of sheet steel, soffit, fascia, eaves, siding installations

For Sale

A BIZZY B SHOP

• Capable of working unsupervised, as well as a team member • Safety equipment and training Grandviews Xteriors ltd is a roofing/ xterior finish installation company covering a wide range of products and materials. Covering Six Nations, and community’s along the grand river water shed we strive for detail and great workmanship. If u are looking to apply please email resume to grandviewsxteriorsltd@gmail.com

SIX NATIONS MOBILE CRISIS SERVICES 24/7 CRISIS PHONE LINE 866-445-2204 or 519-445-2204

OPEN SEPTEMBER 17-18, 24-25 9 AM - 4 PM

LIVE CHAT (MESSAGING) Link on sixnationscovid19.ca under Crisis Support Live Chat

ALL SUMMER SPIN TO WIN UP TO 70% OFF!

3404 MISSISSAUGA ROAD NEW CREDIT

WHY DISTRACTIONS?

2 M / 6 FT

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line. A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker.

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response. Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet. Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8:30am - 4:00pm

TEXT MESSAGING

CONFIDENTIAL SERVICES

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

IF YOU HAVE A FEVER, COUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, The SixSEEK Nations MobileCARE CrisisEARLY Services is a MEDICAL confidential service offering crisis Stay home if you feel unwell. If support to Six Nations of the Grand River. youfeatures have a fever, coughaand The new run through program difficulty breathing, seek medical which offers safe and encrypted attention and callconversations in advance. technology to keep confidential and secure.

226-777-9480

When we’re feeling anxious, we can often get stuck on worrying thoughts and upsetting emotions. Finding ways to distract ourselves and get active can be a great way to disrupt these patterns and focus on more positive things.

Source: World Health Organization


38 37

ATTN: ATTN:

TWO TWO ROW ROW TIMES TIMES

send notices to ads@tworowtimes.com

September 28th, 2022 2022 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH,

Notice

send notices to ads@tworowtimes.com

Obituary

Musical Instruments

Thank You

MILLER: Winnifred “Winnie” On Tuesday, September 20, 2022, Winnifred “Winnie” Miller passed away. She was 86 years old. Loving mother of Shirley. She now reunites with her son, Ed, in spirit. She was a treasured grandma to Katie, Kacie, and Sarah and adoring great-grandma to Lola Winnie. Dear sister of Winten “Wint” Miller and now greets her brothers and sisters, Margarette, Raymond, Peter, Howard, Deloris “Dee,” and Ruth “Joyce,” in spirit. She also reunites with her parents, Thomas and Ruth Miller. Also survived by many loving nieces, nephews, and friends. Winnie was a proud mother and grandmother, a Buffalo sports fan, and loved winning in cards or at the casino. She will be sadly missed and lovingly remembered by her family and friends. Her family honored her with a private family gathering, as this was her wish. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken. www.rhbanderson.com

BBQ

Community Unity Free BBQ With your cash Donation All proceeds go to the Golden Spoons Hosted at Ohsweken Baptist Church Saturday, October 8, 2022 From 10:00 a.m. to Noon Come out and support our community Bake Sale 9:00 a.m. to Noon

For Sale Music Equipment 1. Behringer SX2442FX Studio/live Mixer with dual Multi-FX processors, separate mains out, 2 monitor sends, separate subwoofer sent with volume control 2. 32 band musical EQ with Feedback Destroyer, Limiter ect. 3. 100 foot 16X4 snake with case 4. 1500 watt stereo amp 5. 2 Yorkdale speakers with stands 6. 2 Wharfdale monitors 7. 8 mies with case 8. 4 Direct boxes 9. Drum Kit mic set with condenser overhead mies 10. numerous mic cords 11. numerous speaker cords 12. numerous adapter cords 13. numerous mic stands 14. Professionally custom build metal trailer with metal lockable lid 15. power cords Everything that is needed to rlo a 500-1000 outdoor concert. Valued at 4-5 thousand. Listed price 4 thousand. Milt Elliott 416-450-2345 mjelliott@rogers.com

Notice

Notice

NOTICE Six Nations of the Grand River Band of Indians v Canada (Attorney General) and His Majesty the King in Right of Ontario (Ontario Superior Court of Justice File No. CV-18-594281 [Toronto]) The Haudenosaunee Development Institute (“HDI”), under the authority and at the direction of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy Chiefs Council (the “HCCC”), has brought a motion to be appointed as a representative of all citizens of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy in respect of litigation commenced by the plaintiff Six Nations of the Grand River Band of Indians against the defendants The Attorney General of Canada and His Majesty the King in Right of Ontario (Ontario Superior Court of Justice Court File No. CV-18-594281 [Toronto], formerly Court File No. 406/95 [Brantford]) (the “Litigation”), and seeks to join/intervene as a party in the Litigation. The Litigation concerns, among other things, rights stemming from the Haldimand Proclamation of 1784 and Simcoe Patent of 1793, and alleges breaches of treaty and fiduciary duty and a failure to account, and seeks remedies including compensation. HDI in its draft pleading seeks, among other things, “a declaration that the Haudenosaunee Confederacy is the collective rightsholder in respect of the rights and interests asserted in the action” by the plaintiff, and that the Six Nations of the Grand River Band of Indians “is not the collective rightsholder”. HDI seeks to represent and bind all citizens of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, wherever they are located, and join/intervene as a party in the Litigation in order to represent the interests of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy and its citizens which, HDI submits, are affected by the Litigation. HDI, accordingly, seeks a court order appointing it as a representative of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy in the Litigation. If that order is granted, all decisions and findings in the Litigation will be binding on the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, its Chiefs and Councils, and all its citizens, as will any agreements amongst counsel for the parties in respect of the conduct of the litigation. Copies of the following court documents https://www.gilbertslaw.ca/post/cv-18-594281

are

accessible

at

this

URL:

1. The parties’ current pleadings; 2. HDI’s motion materials and proposed draft pleading; 3. The order of Justice Sanfilippo dated September 21, 2022 attaching this Notice and the case management endorsement of Justice Sanfilippo dated September 21, 2022. This motion is expected to be heard in January 2023. For parties looking for more information or who may wish to participate in this motion, please contact HDI’s counsel below no later than October 24, 2022: Tim Gilbert, Gilbert’s LLP (tim@gilbertslaw.ca, 416-703-1100, with copy to tdumigan@gilbertslaw.ca and dylan@gilbertslaw.ca)

ATTENTION ALL CRAFTERS – SIX NATIONS ARTS & CRAFTS CLUB There will be no Craft Sale at JC Hill School for the Six Nations Art & Crafts Club this year. For Vendors that Prepaid their booth space in 2019, your monies can be picked up on October 1, 2022 – I will be parked beside the Library on the park side between 11 am and 1 pm – Grey Ford Tauras. Marjorie Henhawk – Past Committee Member

Thanksgiving Dinner Community Unity Don’t Be Alone Come Enjoy a Complimentary Thanksgiving Dinner Sat. Oct. 1, 2022 4:30 – 6:00 At Youth & Family Centre 1527 4th Line Hosted by Ohsweken Baptist Church

Thank You I’d like to acknowledge and thank my family and friends who came out to help me after I suddenly had to have emergency surgery to save my life on July 20, 2022. I didn’t have to ask, they just took charge, had an idea and organized a spaghetti fundraiser while I was off work for six weeks. I want to thank everyone who did the setup, sold tickets, bought meals, donated prizes, runners, cooked and cleaned up. Nya weh Shogwayadihs’oh for extending my time and for sending the Angels that watch over me, Dr. Fisola for her expertise in surgery, 3rd Floor nurses at Norfolk General Hospital for their amazing care, to my Mom, Ida Martin for still being the best Mom, Chris & Luanne Martin & family, Gary & Jule Jamieson & family, Beth King & family, Jeannie Martin, Nick Anderson, Rose Anderson, Josh, Leenah, Iris, Trystan, William & Annabel Martin, Riki, Jay, Liberty & Lennon Lickers, Mallory Martin & Thristan Herman, Joey Doolittle, Katsitsionhawi Hill, Owerahwistos & Iehnekanoronhstha Doolittle, Aunt Mary Longboat, Deb Aaron & Isaac Day, Isaiah Aaron, Liam Aaron and Tracy Aaron, Auntie Barb & Vicki. Nya Weh to everyone who sent food, monetary donations, helped at the fundraiser, sent healing prayers and hugs: Kev Martin, Miles to Go Cancer Support Group, Victor Bomberry, Carol Cunningham, Brenda Mt. Pleasant, Cheri Martin, Nick Martin, Tammy Skye, Karen Bomberry, Shan Jacobs, Kathy & Bill, Karen & Monte, Bedge Vyse, Dawn Russell, Dodie Russell, Katie Maracle, Rose Thomas, Heather LongboatComej & family, Rhonda Maracle, Dean Warren at Sandusk Golf Course, Chrissy Doolittle, Barb Miller, Louise Bottenfield, Al Sault & Sharlene, Rhonda Longboat, Amanda Snow, Terri Monture, Kelley McDonnell & Mark Hill, Tony Martin, Nancy Pierce, Tyler Bomberry, Rebecca Jamieson, Tess Inksetter & family, Brooke Vokes, Kim Sault, Faith Wilson, Amy Jacobs, Dianne Sault, Michelle Farmer Fuller & family, Phil & Linda Sault, Carolyn Martin, my CKRZ FM family (Amos Keye Jr, Diane Kohoko, Josh Miller, Al Sault, Kathy Montour, Ralph Summers, Josh & Jake), Sue Martin, Sandi & Mike Montour, Ganohkwa Sra Family, CKRZ Radio Bingo Brandi Martin & staff, my BRISC family (Trevor Martin, Brittany Powless, Jessica Miller-Williams, Sheryl Henry, Jay Smith, Alex Muldonado, Leigh Hill, Maxine Hess, Mya Myke), Leenie Hill, Cheryle & Barry Hill, Theresa Mt. Pleasant, Shannon Jamieson, Stacy Skye & staff at Cayuga Convenience, Nick Wyman & Serena Lucas, Lesley Davis, Patty Davis, Betts Doxtator from Everything Cornhusk, Darlene Butler, Rebecca Hill, Monica Staats, Roz and Jheri Jamieson from JJamieson Creative. If I forgot anyone, I deeply apologize and it’s not intentional. We tried our best to keep track of everything. Your generosity and kindness will be treasured forever. Special mention to Mallory Mae who has stayed with me while I recovered, organized my house and wouldn’t let me lift a finger. Much love, Lori Harris


TWO TWO ROW ROW TIMES TIMES

September 28th, 2022 DECEMBER 19TH, 2018

CLUES ACROSS 1. Fall down 5. Gas usage measurement 8. Golf score 11. A superior grade of black tea 13. Wrath 14. Eating house 15. Delay leaving a place 16. People now inhabiting Myanmar 17. Canadian flyers 18. Walks back and forth 20. Frequently 21. Humans have two 22. Surrounds with armed forces 25. Made proper 30. Medical buildings 31. Patty Hearst’s captors 32. Hits with a drop shot 33. Italy’s PM 1919-20 38. Promotions 41. En __: incidentally 43. Queens baseball team 45. Commoner 47. Expenses in insurance world (abbr.) 49. Payroll firm 50. Broadway actress Daisy 55. Skipper butterflies 56. Hint 57. Daniel __, French composer 59. English children’s author Blyton 60. Midway between east and southeast 61. Spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation 62. Patriotic women’s group 63. The woman 64. Tall, slender-leaved plant CLUES DOWN 1. Parts per thousand

39 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Don’t push yourself too far this week, Aries. That is a surefire way to be overcome by stress and deplete your energy, which you need to get things done. Pace yourself. TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 Hold your tongue and try not to get into any heated arguments with people either at work or in your social circles, Taurus. Avoid controversial subjects. GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 There’s a strong pull toward wanting to play as well as getting work done, Gemini. Is there a way to delegate some work so you can focus on recreation? Figure things out. CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, you may have some exciting plans brewing but you might not know how to put them in motion. A friend may offer to help get the ball rolling.

(abbr.) 2. Jump 3. Eaten as a vegetable 4. Residual paresis after anesthesia 5. Brunchtime staple 6. Makes money off of 7. Refined 8. Nocturnal S. American rodents 9. From a distance 10. Officials 12. It helps you see 14. Central Canadian indigenous person 19. Invests in little enterprises 23. They help in tough situations 24. Industrial port in Poland 25. Type of screen 26. Peyton’s little brother 27. Alcoholic beverage 28. Newspapers need it

Answers for September 28th, 2022 Crossword Puzzle

29. Herbal tea 34. Distinctive practice 35. Exercise system __-bo 36. Explosive 37. Belonging to a thing 39. Presidential candidates engage in them 40. Of the Swedes 41. Meadow-grass 42. “Rule, Britannia” composer 44. Hooray! 45. Greek city 46. One way to do it by example 47. Imitated 48. “Game of Thrones” actress Headey 51. Swiss river 52. Drought-resistant plant 53. A French abbot 54. One point east of northeast 58. Get free of

SUDOKU

LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 The planets are trying to tell you to slow down and take a day off, Leo. You just have to listen more closely or you could run the risk of burnout in the days to come. VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, this week things may get a bit more intense than you anticipated. Intensity doesn’t necessarily mean you will have a bad time. Everything will be exciting and fast-paced.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, focus on your personal relationships this week, as you may need to modify a few things and do some housekeeping in your social relationships. SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Focus on the finer details of life this week, Scorpio. If you have been waiting to have a gourmet dinner or to take a luxurious trip, now is the time to do so. SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 There’s conflicting energy in the cosmos this week, Sagittarius. All of what you think was right may be turned on its head. Some new decisions may need to be made.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 It may be challenging to figure out where you stand with someone this week, Capricorn. You thought you had it all figured out, but the tides have changed dramatically.

AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 You’ll continue to face the difficult decision of whether to tend to your own needs or help someone close to you, Aquarius. It’s a fine line to walk with no easy answer. PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 There’s a positive drive guiding you along, Pisces. If you’ve been putting off your to-do list, now you will have the energy to get things done.

Container Sales and Modifications Service Since 2007

Paul LeBlanc Owner

90 Morton Ave. East, Unit 1-B • Brantford, ON N3R 7J7 Cell: 519.754.6844 • Tel: 519.751.1651 • Fax: 519.751.3328 www.vbinc.ca • Email: vb.container4@gmail.com


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TWO ROW TIMES

September 28th, 2022