Two Row Times, July 6, 2022

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THE SPIRIT OF ALL NATIONS WEDNESDAY July 6th, 2022 | | 519-900-5535 | Grand River Territory | FREE

Six Nations shines bright after sold out drag bingo event 1045 Brant County Hwy 54 Ohsweken 519-770-3628

Crystal Quartz and Xtina Monroe light up Gathering Place by the Grand STAFF REPORT


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Drag performers Crystal Quartz and Xtina Monroe took over the Gathering Place by the Grand last Thursday to host what may be the first 19+ bingo and drag show on the territory. The show sold out days before the date and Crystal Quartz can’t wait to perform there again. “Drag is important for a variety of reasons,” said Crystal Quartz, based in Guelph, Ont. “It’s self-expression to the max and brings so much fun, love and smiles out of those watching. People see drag performers on stage feeling so good and free to be themselves. With drag comes empowerment and a confidence that rubs off on people.” Crystal Quartz said it is important that there are safe spaces for people to be themselves. “I want to come back and perform again on Six Nations because I want to be a part of creating safe spaces for people to feel OK to be themselves and express themselves however they want to, especially if there aren’t a lot of these opportunities on Six Nations. Have fun and be yourself,” she said.

Crystal Quartz is a drag performer based in Guelph, Ont. She hosted a drag bingo event on Six Nations on June 30. CRYSTAL QUARTZ EVENTS

Crystal Quartz hosted the event and performed two numbers herself, along with performances from the theatrical showgirl, Xtina Monroe. Crystal Quartz describes herself as a “tattooed glamazon,” celebrity impersonator and character illusionist. Crystal Quartz' favourite celebrity impersonation is Cher, partly because the outfits are more elaborate, but her fans tend to love her Reba, whom she

brought out for the June 30th show. “I do a lot of character work. Whether Reba, Moira Rose, or Madonna, I always do some sort of character in a performance. I also do Captain Hook, Nurse Ratched; I’m a showgirl with big loud outfits, covered in diamonds and gems. I like to sparkle. I was a Reiki master before and am a very spiritual person. People used to say to me ‘you’re such a

gem,’ so I literally became a gem with my drag persona,” she said. Crystal Quartz said a lot of people get excited about her outfits at her shows, contributing to the overall fun. “A lot of people probably haven’t seen an outfit or outfits quite like mine in person. The way the stage lights hit what I have on creates an ‘ooh-aah’ sensation in the crowd. The way the

hair I’ve got on moves the way it does when I’m on stage too is all a part of the Crystal Quartz package,” she said. The biggest difference between hosting a bingo show and a regular performance of Crystal Quartz’ is really just the addition of bingo. “We play a few rounds of bingo and as soon as it's done we have an entertainer come out, perform, then back to bingo. The bingo and performances were separated by prizes. Prizes were sponsored by the Stag Shop and there were definitely some phallic-shaped items awarded, including a whip and some other things. All-in-all I had a great time and would love to come back,” she said. Be sure to slide into Crystal Quartz’ TikTok DMs @crystalquartzqueen and reach out to her at www. If you have already dipped into the art of drag and are looking for more connections within the community, Crystal Quartz said feel free to reach out. “I would love to hear from you and get to know anyone from Six Nations and surrounding areas interested in giving their heels a click,” said Crystal Quartz.





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Six Nations Food Bank needs support DONNA DURIC


Like everyone else, the Six Nations Food Bank is feeling the pinch of record inflation that is seeing ever larger numbers of people accessing its services. A recent infusion of $50,000 from Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council will help buy more food and supplies as more clients access the food bank in the wake of astronomical food

July 6th, 2022

prices. But it's not a permanent solution. "I know they need help," said Councillor Helen Miller. "I know more and more people are using the food bank because food prices are crazy right now." The food bank donation is coming from COVID funds SNGR received from the federal government to help the community during the pandemic, but how much funding council received altogether and how much is left is

not known at this time. SNGR Communications Officer Katie Montour told the Two Row Times she would follow up with the finance department to retrieve those figures. What is known is that those COVID funds are almost dried up and are expected to run out in the next few months. The Six Nations Food Bank got a similar donation from elected council last year to help fill its shelves and it has also waived its weekly $5 access fee it used to charge

clients using the food bank. Even waiving that small amount was needed, council noted. "Some people can't even afford that," said Councillor Sherri-Lyn HillPierce. The SNGR finance committee agreed to provide the $50,000 funding on a one-time basis, but Councillor Nathan Wright said it could donate the funds annually if it's put in the council budget.

Vet awarded Medal By Donna Duric Six Nations' oldest living veteran is the first person to be awarded the USS Arizona Medal of Freedom. Welby (Ike) Isaacs was awarded the new medal on June 23 in Hamilton to honour his service on the USS Arizona. Isaacs joined the armed forces in 1959. The USS Arizona Medal of Freedom was introduced this year. The medal were constructed using steel that was salvaged from the ship, which sank in 1941

during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council commended Isaacs for his military service and congratulated him on being awarded the USS Arizona Medal of Freedom. "Six Nations has a rich history of brave men and women serving in the military, and we continue to honour and remember the sacrifices of all those who serve, past and present," SNGR said in a statement.

Demonstrators recognize Canada Day with march to former residential school STAFF REPORT


BRANTFORD — For the second year in a row, there was a sea of orange in Brantford on Canada Day to remind the world that thousands of children died in residential schools in an attempt to assimilate Indigenous people into Canadian culture. Hundreds of people marched through Brantford on July 1 wearing bright orange shirts declaring Every Child Matters to honour residential school survivors and the children who never made it home in Canada's ill-conceived attempt to turn

them into Canadian citizens at the church-run boarding schools that denied them their language, culture, and basic human rights. The group made its way to the Woodland Cultural Centre, the site of the former Mohawk Institute Indian Residential School, where a ground search began last fall for potential hidden graves of former students. During the march, attendees chanted "Every Child Matters" - a reference to survivors of residential schools. At the school grounds, former student and Mohawk Institute survivor Roberta Hill told the crowd she had some good memories of the school but only because, "of the

kids I made friends with. All the bad memories happened in this building beside me." Hill attended the Mush Hole - the name given to the Mohawk Institute for the bland, mush-like porridge the kids ate for breakfast every day - from 1957 to 1961. The school closed down in 1971, about 150 years after it first began operating. It is the oldest residential school in Canada. The legacy of abuse suffered by children at residential schools across the country still reverberates in Indigenous communities across Canada, which is why many First Nation communities chose not to celebrate Canada Day at all, but instead, to honour residential school survi-

vors and its victims. "You can't erase the memories of what happened to those children," said Hill. The march was organized by the Brant Region Indigenous Support Centre (BRISC), which also hosted a similar walk last year in the wake of the discovery of hundreds of hidden graves at a former residential school in British Columbia that sent shockwaves around the world. Similar graves have since been uncovered at other former residential school sites across the country. "Instead of celebrating Canada, we honour our survivors," said BRISC executive director.





July 6th, 2022


From one ring to another - “Razor“ Hess retires JIM WINDLE


BRANTFORD—It is painfully true that time and tide wait for no man. But that only means one phase of Six Nations’ professional Middleweight boxer, Karlton “the Razor” Hess, has given way to the next page of his life. “The Razor” has decided to hang up his gloves on a high note after winning a unanimous decision in his last outing. Hess made it known following his unanimous decision win over Jamaica’s Gregory Miller at Brampton’s CAA Centre. As with other sportsmen and women, the past three years of COVID-19 restrictions and quarantines has conspired to rob many promising athletes of almost three years development at critical moments in their career. Nearly three-years of on-again, off-again COVID-19 restrictions, promises and disappointments proved just too much to overcome for a fighter. That, along with

“The Razor” (left) here with trainer Jackie Armour (right) has decided to hang up his gloves on a high note after winning a unanimous decision in his last outing. SUBMITTED


getting engaged to Saugeen’s Andrea Richie, and becoming a new dad in the interim, has drastically changed his vision and direction of his life for he and his family. Hess also has a son, Cameron, who


is now six, from another relationship. “It was a hard decision, but I think it was time,” said Hess. “My life has taken on some new priorities now.” Boxing is a young man’s







game at the pro level and Hess, although in terrific shape, was beginning to feel the weight of it. “It was hard to get back into the routine after so much time off,” he says. “I did it but it was a lot harder. I noticed that I wasn’t as aggressive as I was. Since the birth of my daughter Akarea, I’ve just been more calm, I guess.” Here in Canada, with so many restrictions and safety mechanisms in place, it is much harder to make it as a professional boxer in the first place. But the three year struggle the world is still facing in some places, gathering a paying audience became impossible and even coming into the gym was restricted. Although Hess’ retirement announcement came as a surprise to most, Armour could see Karl’s life taking a more traditional roll after he was married and started a new family. Karlton has been chas-

ing his dream in the square circle alongside his coach, manager and friend, Jackie Armour at the Black Eye Boxing Club in Brantford for years before turning pro and has guided his career since. “I knew he wanted to talk to me a few weeks after the win,” said Armour. “Truth be told, I wanted to talk to him too, regarding his boxing career,” said his longtime ring coach. “He worked hard and got himself ready for the Miller fight but the older he was getting, the harder it seemed to be, and without the incentive of a next bout during the pandemic, a lot of time was lost.” As it turned out, the Razor had the same conversation in mind. “I don’t mind saying it got a little teary,” says Hess. “We’ve been through a lot together.” “After we talked and it was decided, we hugged and cried together for a

long time,” said Armour. “It was hard, but it was time.” Black Eye Boxing Club is organizing a club card to show off some of his other young fighters and as a tribute and celebration of Karl’s career and to say thanks to his Brantford and Six Nations fans. More details are to come, however, the early plans are for Aug.20th, at 6 PM, at the Brantford Curling Club, 34 Morrell Street in Brantford. “I’m hoping for a card of around eight fights with a special intermission package including stills and video of Karl’s fights and gym work,” says Armour. “He has meant so much to the club and such an inspiration to my other fighters.” The night is to be billed, “Razor’s Edge” and Armour promises a great night of amateur boxing and several special guests at ringside, all in honour of Karlton “the Razor” Hess.



July 6th, 2022

AFN delegates reject resolution calling for chief's suspension CANADIAN PRESS


VANCOUVER — An emergency resolution before the Assembly of First Nations annual meeting to reaffirm the suspension of National Chief RoseAnne Archibald has failed in Vancouver. Archibald took the stage following Tuesday's vote and expressed her gratitude for the decision to end what she called an unjust suspension. ``I am 100 per cent

committed to meeting with the regional chiefs. I need my phone back. I need my emails back. I need to be reinstated fully,'' she said. The resolution said Archibald disclosed confidential information about the complaints against her by the organization's staff, compromising the integrity of the assembly's complaint process. The vote needed the support of 60 per cent of eligible delegates for approval, but the resolution was defeated, with the tally to come later.

Summer Learning Drop-In Support for Grades 7 to 12 Indigenous Students July 5 to 29, 2022 - 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Daily at J.C. Hill Elementary School 1772 4th Line, Ohsweken Students entering Grade 9 within Grand Erie are encouraged to drop in to receive an introduction to high school. Topics include: connection to identity, the high school experience, surviving social media, bullying prevention, literacy and math review, study skills, and research methods. n Available to all Grade 7-12 Indigenous students registered in E-Learning n Cultural Mentor Grad Coaches and a Grand Erie teacher on-site. n Transportation can be provided to on-reserve Six Nations and Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation’s students (must be booked 24 hours in advance). Contact: Mr. Jay’s Taxi at (905)-765-8294. Please Indicate that you are with the Grand Erie Summer Learning Program.


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Tk'emlups te Secwepemc Chief Rosanne Casimir moved the motion saying there are rules for leaders and the situation has become a national embarrassment. Thousands of delegates gathered for the annual Assembly of First Nations meeting in Vancouver to talk about the Pope's visit, Indigenous rights, housing and other priorities, but those issues were upstaged by Archibald's claims of corruption and infighting over her leadership. Dressed in Indigenous regalia, Archibald strode in at the start of the gathering ahead of a group of chanting supporters. Just the day before, Archibald said she had been ``erased'' from the agenda after her suspension by the executive committee June 17 while an investigation was underway into four complaints against her by her staff. Instead, Archibald led opening ceremonies, welcomed attendees and spoke to delegates. ``I am your representative. I am your servant. I only exist because all of you put me in this position, so an attack on me is an attack on you,'' she said before

delegates voted. ``It is your authority to determine what happens to the national chief. You elected me, not the regional chiefs. You determine what discipline I face.'' Archibald alleges she was suspended for trying to investigate corruption within the assembly and called for a forensic audit of the organization for the last eight years. She said it comes after ``decades'' of calls for reform within the organization. ``When you support me, you will be fighting against corruption,'' Archibald said. The Assembly of First Nations executive released a statement Tuesday urging delegates not to allow the human resource complaints involving Archibald to ``overshadow the real and ongoing work that is required on behalf of the First Nations people.'' ``The committee further calls on the national chief to immediately cease any actions and statements that amount to serious breaches of the confidentiality and privacy interests of AFN employees, service providers and others, including making broad allegations of misconduct,'' the statement

said. The executive believes the actions are damaging, unlawful and inappropriate, the statement said. Archibald has said her suspension was a violation of the assembly's charter and a means to intimidate, punish and silence her over her claims of the possible misuse of public funds by the assembly. ``Obviously, I'm calling on our friends for an audit and an independent investigation into the AFN and I'm asking chiefs and grassroots people to talk to their chiefs to ensure that a forensic audit happens as well as an independent investigation into the corruption and toxicity at AFN,'' she said before she entered the assembly Tuesday. Prior to the vote, Paul Prosper, the AFN regional chief for Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, asked chiefs and their proxies in attendance to validate the executive's decision to allow for Archibald's temporary suspension to continue until the investigation concludes. ``There have been calls for a forensic audit and my colleagues are not opposed to a forensic audit. We welcome it if you welcome it,''

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he said. ``No organization is perfect. We all face our own unique challenges and yes, as an organization we can improve that we must improve.'' Archibald said in her address that she wants audits in two areas: staff payouts and contracts. ``Millions of dollars have been paid in staff payouts,'' she said. ``That's what the forensic audit will show you. You will see how money that is meant for you and your communities has been going into somebody else's pocket.'' Two other emergency resolutions will be brought to the assembly floor for vote on Wednesday. The first, brought by Chief Wendy Jocko of Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation, is calling for the independent third-party forensic financial audit of the AFN. The other resolution, brought by Kinonjeoshtegon First Nation Chief Rod Travers, calls for Archibald to be removed from office, claiming she breached confidentiality by speaking with media, prompting delegates to lose confidence in her leadership.


Visit Ohsweken Public Health (OPH) at Gané Yohs – 1769 Chiefswood Road to receive your COVID-19 vaccine. Appointments are no longer necessary. Walkins available for all clinics, including: 1st or 2nd dose shots, 3rd dose/boosters, & children’s shots. Those eligible to receive vaccines include: • Age requirement: 5+ • Members’ families (in the territory) • Six Nations members • Those working in the territory

July Schedule: Thursdays, 9am – 4pm


If you are wanting the vaccine and have been recently infected with COVID-19, please contact Public Health for more information. If you are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms/have been identified as a close contact of a positive case, please call the COVID-19 Hotline: 1 (855) 977-7737

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

IF YOU HAVE A FEVER, COUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, The SixSEEK Nations MobileCARE CrisisEARLY Services is a MEDICAL confidential service offering crisis Stay home if you feel unwell. If support to Six Nations of the Grand River. youfeatures have a fever, coughaand The new run through program difficulty breathing, seek medical which offers safe and encrypted attention and callconversations in advance. technology to keep confidential and secure.

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July 6th, 2022


First Nations in Manitoba sue Canada over 25 year old land agreement CANADIAN PRESS


WINNIPEG — First Nations in Manitoba are suing the federal government for what they say is a failure to live up to a 25-year-old land debt agreement. The Treaty Land Entitlement Committee of Manitoba has filed a statement of claim in Federal Court arguing Canada is

liable for losses resulting from its failure to honour treaty land entitlements in a timely manner. The committee, which represents more than a dozen First Nations, signed an agreement with the provincial and federal governments in 1997 to address outstanding land agreements from when the Crown originally signed several treaties. In the agreement, roughly 405,000 hectares were supposed to be

reserved for member First Nations, but the committee says they've received about half that. The statement of claim says the committee wants compensation for financial, cultural and social losses from Canada breaching its obligations to the First Nations. A statement of defence has yet to be filed and the federal government did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Allegations contained

in the statement of claim have not been proven in court. In the document, the committee alleges Canada has not lived up to its fiduciary duties and the principle of reconciliation because of its delay in honouring the agreement in a ``diligent, timely and purposeful manner.'' ``Canada's ongoing violation of the Treaty promise to provide our First Nations with reserve lands continues during

this National Indigenous History Month. Because of this, we are now claiming economic loss and cultural and spiritual losses dating back to the making of our treaties with the Crown due to Canada's failure and delays in providing our reserve lands,'' Chief Nelson Genaille of the Sapotaweyak Cree Nation, who is committee president, said in a release. This is the second time the First Nations have taken Canada to Federal

Court over the agreement. The committee says delays and unilateral changes by Canada previously plagued the implementation process. An arbitration decision in 2018 ruled that Canada breached the agreement by trying to alter the agreed-upon process to reserve lands. The court upheld the arbitration two years later.

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July 6th, 2022

Indigenous led supportive housing can be transformative By Lauren Brown, Fran Hunt-Jinnouchi and Julia O’Quinn Look to any urban centre in Canada and you will find First Nations, Metis and Inuit (FNMI) peoples disproportionately experiencing homelessness. FNMI people make up an alarming 66 per cent of the homeless population in Winnipeg, 33 per cent in Vancouver and Victoria and 16 per cent in Montreal and Toronto. This pervasive trend is symptomatic of Canada's intensifying housing crisis, coupled with the insidious impacts of past and present colonial policies. There is also a lack of housing models that take into consideration FNMI cultural knowledge and the voices of FNMI people. Looking to and learning from existing Indigenous-led and community-informed models may bring us one step closer to addressing this disparity. Shifting the Focus

Current conversations around FNMI homelessness are dominated by pathways into homelessness, with minimal focus on pathways out _ although these pathways do exist. One example of an FNMI-led solution comes from the ancestral homelands of Coast Salish, NuuChah-Nulth and Kwakwaka'wakw Nations (known today as Vancouver Island). In 2020, the Aboriginal Coalition to End Homelessness (ACEH) opened British Columbia's first Culturally Supportive Housing, which operates according to its Dual Model of Housing Care (DMHC). In collaboration with the ACEH, one of the authors (Lauren Brown) undertook a comparative analysis that revealed how the DMHC is distinct from existing models. Her analysis showed that the DMHC goes beyond housing provision by providing pathways to healing that are deeply rooted in culture, landbased programming and

family reunification. Stories shared by the ACEH staff and FNMI Street Family (unhoused people) in Victoria revealed the value of the DMHC and the opportunities for scaling it. The DMHC's two pillars _ Culturally Supportive Housing and Decolonized Harm Reduction _ have introduced a comprehensive way to directly address some of the barriers FNMI people face when accessing provincial housing. These include systemic discrimination and racism; inflexibility of program policies; accessibility and the staff's lack of cultural awareness and training. Culturally Supportive Housing offers Elder support, access to medicine keepers, ceremony, language, Indigenous medicine gardens, traditional foods and cultural activities, with love and no judgement. Decolonized Harm Reduction complements this programming with land-based camps, a

family reunification program and an Indigenous alcohol harm reduction program _ an Indigenized detox program is set to launch in late 2022. Through these programs, pathways to healing and recovery have been attained for previously unhoused FNMI people. Jack's Transformation Early in its development the ACEH met Jack, a First Nations man who had been experiencing homelessness in B.C. for more than 30 years. In 2020, Jack entered the ACEH's Culturally Supportive Housing. He shared with us that before coming to the ACEH: ``I forgot who I was as a Native person ? I'm a street person, I'm a bum, right?'' His reflection revealed the influential relationship between cultural (dis)connection, self-identity and housing. Once in Culturally Supportive Housing, Jack built a connection with Elder Gloria Roze, took up his artistic practice and steward-

ed a garden _ he no longer felt the constant need to do whatever he could to get by. These survival-driven ways of thinking were soon replaced by healing thoughts and feeling at home. Jack's pivotal moment of clarity and transformation came at a land-based camp. It was in this healing environment _ outside the confines of the city _ where he received a sign to pursue treatment. It has now been two years and with support from ACEH, Jack has been living in independent housing ever since. Bringing FNMI people home For others like Jack across urban centres in Canada, Indigenous-led local adaptations of the DMHC can help open a pathway to healing and recovery _ one that instils pride, purpose and belonging. And creating this pathway has become a matter of urgency. With FNMI children making up 52.2 per cent of

those in foster care, rising incarceration rates among FNMI people and existing barriers to housing, many will continue to be left without somewhere to live and thrive. Scaling the DMHC model begins with accounting for FNMI diversity. For each Indigenous community and organization, adaptation must consider local protocol, practice and social systems, it must honour the voices of FNMI Street Family and strengthen relations with those on whose territory the project will operate. It also involves addressing the federal funding shortfall for Indigenous housing providers so they can plan and build capacity and solutions. The introduction of the DMHC has set healing in motion for FNMI people on Vancouver Island. Let Jack's story be a source of inspiration and reminder that scaling this model is a worthwhile pursuit. And one so urgently needed.

'In a crisis': Deaths of Indigenous women sparks calls for safe housing The Canadian Press Lori Ann Mancheese always wanted a home. But the 53-year-old mother of five from Manitoba's Ebb and Flow First Nation died before her dream could come true. Earlier this month, her remains were found in a farmer's field outside of Winnipeg. ``She tried her best to be happy even though she didn't have a home,'' said Norma Mancheese, Lori Ann's sister. Mounties have said, at this point, her death

doesn't appear to be criminal. But Lori Ann's family say they cannot understand how she would end up left at that location. Her death is now one of five women in the span of about a month being grieved by members of the province's Indigenous community. Winnipeg police say three of those women were murdered. At least 11 Indigenous women and girls have been murdered in the city since June 2019, when the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls released

its final report, according to an analysis by The Canadian Press of homicides reported by the police service. Immediate action is needed to make the province safer for Indigenous women, including better access to safe housing, which can be life-saving, said Hilda Anderson-Pyrz, chair of the National Family and Survivors Circle. The need extends beyond offering more overnight emergency shelter space, she said, and includes more transitional and longer term housing

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options that offer the proper cultural and social supports. What Anderson-Pyrz finds lacking is political will. As an example, she points to the response mounted by the government against the COVID-19 pandemic, which demonstrated how fast decision-makers and bureaucracies can move. ``This is very similar,'' she said. ``We're losing human lives.'' The survivors circle was established in response to the 231 calls to justice

made in the final report from the national inquiry, and is designed to provide advice to Ottawa on implementing the recommended changes. Last month, Anderson-Pyrz's niece Tessa Perry was among those killed in Winnipeg. ``There's been so many losses, it seems like we're in a perpetual state of grief,'' Anderson-Pyrz said. ``We're in a crisis.'' Carolyn Bennett, former federal minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, called the city ``ground zero'' for the coun-

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try's awareness around murdered and missing Indigenous women and girls. It was near a dock in Winnipeg when in 2014 the tiny body of 15-year-old Tina Fontaine, wrapped in a duvet cover and weighed down by rocks, was pulled from the Red River. The death of the First Nations teen sparked outrage and led to louder demands for Ottawa to probe the level of violence perpetrated against Indigenous women and girls, which it did after Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was elected the following year.

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July 6th, 2022


Column The Aesthetic Snail To-dos that will keep your plants happy



Research by NASA has revealed that in 24 hours houseplants can remove 87 per cent of air toxins. Studies also show that having indoor plants in your house improves concentration and productivity by up to 15 per cent, reduces stress levels and boosts your mood. But what can we do for our plants during these humid summer months to keep them happy? Here are some tips. Avoid big box stores: You may think that grabbing a plant on your way out of the grocery store is a good idea or would make a great host gift on

your way to a barbecue but if you or your hosts are beginners, it’s best to leave those plants on the shelf. Not to say that places like Home Depot or Canadian Tire don’t have their place in the plant world, it's just that plants from big box stores are more for people who already know what they’re doing. It’s basically a giant warehouse and it's on you the plant enthusiast to know: Where does this go in my home? Is this plant healthy? Does it have bugs on it that will infest my entire collection? If you’re a beginner, try a local plant shop or nursery. Know your lighting: Good lighting makes the difference between me having abs in a picture or not, but you’ll be surprised to know that good lighting also makes or breaks the happiness of your plants. One of the biggest factors in determining the type of light you have is the direction your windows

Root rot is a sure sigh that you are an over waterer.

face. An article on says the amount of light each plant needs varies and depends on the time of the year. So whereas some plants will be quite happy with semi-darkness permanently, others will only accept it for a limited time. It’s important to clarify that


low light is not the same thing as no light. Some plants prefer low light to direct light, but no plant loves no light. Even if a plant might not die in no light, it won’t thrive, pump out new leaves and it will look sad. Root Rot: I’ve mentioned before how over

watering is worse than under watering and one of the biggest reasons for that is root rot. Elite Tree Care says root rot is a disease that attacks the roots of plants growing in wet or damp soil. This decaying disease can cut the life short of just about any type of plant and has symptoms similar to other diseases and pest problems, like poor growth, wilted leaves, early leaf drop, branch dieback, and eventual death. If you pull your plant out of its pot and see roots flaking off, or smell something a little sour, you probably have it. Root rot is very common in houseplants and less common in outdoor plants. Be proactive: No one wants to have to spend hours of their summer afternoon remedying root rot, dealing with pests or repotting just for the sake of repotting. So don’t. Be a proactive plant parent and stay on top of all the

things that could go wrong before they do. There are a few common pests to watch out for. Spider mites are tiny arachnids that leave thin webbing on the undersides of leaves. Mealybugs are white, cottony-looking insects. Thrips or aphids — all of which feed on your plant and can do serious damage if left unchecked. The first thing you want to do when you notice signs of pests is to isolate that plant from all the others. Rinse it off in the shower and then treat it by spraying the plant with a diluted mix of water and an insecticidal dish soap (a very basic dish soap). It might take two or three treatments to notice an effect and you’ll want to wait a week or two in-between treatments. Got a green tip to share with us or something plant-ey you would like us to investigate? Send your ideas to Jace at



July 6th, 2022

Canada signs $20B compensation agreement on child welfare The Canadian Press OTTAWA — The federal government has signed a $20-billion final settlement agreement to compensate First Nations children and families harmed by

chronic underfunding of child welfare on reserve, which Indigenous Services Canada said Monday was the largest such deal in Canadian history. ``First Nations children deserve to be surrounded


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by love and live free of discriminatory government policy,'' Cindy Woodhouse, the Manitoba regional chief at the Assembly of First Nations, said in a statement Monday. ``And after three decades of advocacy and months of negotiations, I'm proud to say on behalf of the AFN that we have reached another historic milestone for our children and their families.'' The agreement, reached between Canada, the Assembly of First Nations and plaintiffs in two class-action lawsuits, also accounts for the federal government's narrow definition of Jordan's Principle. It was designed to ensure jurisdictional squabbles over paying for services for First Nations kids does not get in the way of those services being provided. ``The parties have agreed on a plan for settling compensation claims to recognize the families and people who have suffered tremendously through discriminatory and systemically racist child-welfare

practices,'' Indigenous Services Minister Patty Hajdu said in an interview. The federal government announced in January it had reached agreements in principle, which includes $20 billion for compensation and another $20 billion to reform the First Nations child-welfare system over five years. The full $40 billion was earmarked in the 2021 fiscal update. The First Nations Children and Family Caring Society and the Assembly of First Nations first filed a complaint under the Canadian Human Rights Act in 2007, arguing chronic underfunding of on-reserve child-welfare services was discriminatory when compared to services provided by provincial governments to children in other communities. Ottawa pays for child welfare on reserve, but only matches the provincial spending if kids are placed in foster care. The result is far more child apprehensions and family breakups than necessary, and fewer services and supports

to help families manage through a crisis. Data from the 2016 census shows fewer than eight per cent of Canadian children under the age of 15 are Indigenous, but Indigenous youth make up more than half the children under 15 in foster care. The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal ruled in 2016 that the federal government had discriminated against First Nations children. The Liberal government appealed that ruling, asking a court to quash it. The court declined. In 2019, the tribunal ordered the government to pay the maximum compensation it could order —$40,000 — to every child who was needlessly removed from their families since Jan. 1, 2006, and also to parents or grandparents whose children were taken away. The tribunal also ruled that the criteria needed to be expanded so more First Nations children could be eligible for Jordan's Principle. The federal govern-

ment also challenged the tribunal's orders in Federal Court, and last fall appealed the ruling upholding it. But that appeal was paused pending negotiations with Indigenous leaders on the compensation program. Former senator Murray Sinclair, who chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, was hired to help facilitate the talks. The agreement has now finally been signed by all parties and filed with the Federal Court. Both the court and the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal will need to approve the settlement before any money is handed out. ``I can't imagine how families have been feeling, waiting,'' Woodhouse said in an interview. The government's appeal is still before the court, but a spokesperson for Indigenous Services Canada said that's simply to expedite the process. Once the court approves this deal, the appeal will be moot, the government said.

July 13, 2022 is the last day to submit a claim

It’s free, confidential and supports are available for you For information or legal support visit: or call 1-844-539-3815 Hope for Wellness Help Line: 1-855-242-3310


July 6th, 2022


US fractures Native American law A U.S. Supreme Court ruling expanding state authority to prosecute some crimes on Native American land is fracturing decades of law built around the hard-fought principle that tribes have the right to govern themselves on their own territory, legal experts say. The Wednesday ruling is a marked departure from federal Indian law and veers from the push to increase tribes' ability to prosecute all crimes on reservations — regardless of who is involved. It also cast tribes as part of states, rather than the sovereign nations they are, infuriating many across Indian Country. ``The majority (opinion) is not firmly rooted

in the law that I have dedicated my life to studying and the history as I know it to be true,'' said Elizabeth Hidalgo Reese, an assistant law professor at Stanford University who is enrolled at Nambe Pueblo in New Mexico. ''And that's just really concerning,'' Federal authorities largely maintained exclusive jurisdiction to investigate serious, violent crime on reservations across much of the U.S. when the suspect or victim is Native American. The 5-4 decision from the high court in a case out of Oklahoma means states will share in that authority when the suspect is not Native American and the victim is. Criminal justice on

tribal lands already is a tangled web, and the ruling likely will present new thorny questions about jurisdiction, possible triple jeopardy and how to tackle complicated crimes in remote areas where resources are stretched thin. States had power to prosecute crimes involving only non-Natives on reservations before this week's ruling. ``It will have an impact in Indian Country, so only the future will tell us if it's good or not,'' said Robert Miller, a law professor at Arizona State University and citizen of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe. ``Is it better to have more criminal prosecutions, more governments enforcing crimes or less?''

GRAND RIVER POST SECONDARY EDUCATION OFFICE 2022 DEADLINE CALENDAR for / gweh?: weh n=:` Ohsweg,h]:n/h Onkwehón:we ne: Ohswekenhro:non Feb. 1st


Application Deadline for Summer semester Apply on-line! Fall Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Winter course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

May 1st Application Deadline for Fall or Fall/Winter semester(s) Apply on-line! Winter Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Summer course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. 11:59 pm May 1st to 9 am July 1st - The On-line Application on the GRPSEO Website is not available. Aug 1st

Official transcripts are due from students funded for any of the three previous application periods (Summer/Fall/Winter). For all APPROVED FALL applications - Any documentation that was requested by the Funding Advisor to be submitted to GRPSEO by August 1, (as outlined in the “Check List of Required Documentation” form provided to the applicant), and not received by this deadline date will result in CANCELLATION of the approved application and loss of funding.

Oct. 1st

Application Deadline for Winter semester – Apply on-line! Summer Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Fall course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. STUDENTS MUST APPLY ON- LINE BY SPECIFIED DEADLINE





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Paint Solvents/Thinner Floor/Furniture Polish Shoe Polish Fluorescent Light Bulbs Moth Balls Acid & Bleach Propane Cylinders Chlorine Aerosol Sprays Ammonia Toilet Cleaner Batteries Pool Acid Upholstery Cleaner Rug Cleaner Antifreeze/Motor Oil Gas/Diesel Fuel

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Jan. 4 Feb. 21 Mar. 4

Office Reopens 2022 Office Closed: Family Day Winter Semester Contact Required From All Students (Check With Your GRPSEO Funding Advisor) Apr. 15 Office Closed: Good Friday Apr. 18 Office Closed: Easter Monday May 1 Accepting Graduate Promotion Items May 23 Office Closed: Victoria Day June 1 Summer Office Hours: Open from 8 am to 4 pm June 21 Office Closed: Observance National Indigenous Peoples Day July 1 Office Closed: Canada Day Aug. 1 Official Transcripts Aug. 1 Office Closed: Civic Holiday Sept. 1 Back to Regular Office Hours: Open 8:30 am to 4:30 pm Sept. 5 Office Closed: Labour Day Sept 30 National Day for Truth and Reconciliation Oct. 10 Office Closed – Thanksgiving Day Oct. 31 Deadline to Submit Graduate Promotion Items Nov. 4 Fall Semester Contact Required From All Students (Check With Your GRPSEO Funding Advisor) Nov. 11 Office Closed: Observance of Remembrance Day Dec. 23 Office Closed: Christmas Closure Jan. 3, 2023 Office Reopens Please check the local newspapers, our website at FaceBook or give us a call at (519) 445-2219 for more information.





July 6th, 2022

know the score.

Six Nations Pro-Fit Chiefs still sit in No. 1 spot STAFF REPORT


SIX NATIONS — The Six Nations Pro-Fit Chiefs visited the Cobourg Kodiaks at the Cobourg CC Arena on Sunnday, June 26. In the first period, Joey Cupido put away the first Chiefs goal, and Randy Staats put in the second. But Cobourg took the lead 2-3 by the end. Coming into the second period, Cobourg opened scoring, and Joey Cupido put two fast ones away just seconds a part to bring the game to a tie. Cobourg answered twice and the Chiefs put up a single from Vaughn Harris. By the third, Cobourg put up two more, while Joey Cupido went for his fourth followed by Mason Kammings and Cody Jamieson with firsts. This sat the game at 8-10 for Cobourg.



SIX NATIONS —hosting within the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena, the Six Nations Junior A Arrows met up with the Peterborough Lakers, for another match at home on Thursday, June 30. The Lakers opened scoring with a single and Daylin John-Hill and Thunder Hill made returns. eturned a single with another answer from KW by the end. But the period ended with three

On June 28, the Chiefs held a home game at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena against the Brooklin Lacrosse Club. In the first period, Brooklin took the lead with two goals, but Chiefs Vaughn Harris put a single up. This was followed by another Brooklin goal and another for Harris and Joey Cupido. This sat the game at a tie 3-3. In the second period, Brooklin put up three, and Marshall Powless answered once, followed by Austin Staats and Cody Jamieson. This finished the second period 6-7 for Brooklin. By the third, Austin Staats pressed the gas with two fast goals, and Sam LeClair put up two more. This finished the game after an answer from Brooklin at a 10-10 tie. The next game broke the ice for comfortable win for the Chiefs, taking place at the Memorial

Centre against the Peterborough Lakers. The first period saw scoring from the Lakers, but answers from the Chiefs from Sam LeClair, Charlie Scanlon, and Cody Jamieson (2). Sitting the first at 4-3 for the Chiefs. By the second, the Chiefs took control and Cody Jamieson, Joey Cupido, Nonkon Thompson and Vaughn Harris lit up with a 7-3 end for the Chiefs. Going into the third, the Chiefs held back a little and Cody Jamieson put a single away to close the game at 9-5 for the Chiefs. The next game for the Chiefs will venture the team out to Cobourg to face the Kodiaks on Sunday, July 10 at 6:00 p.m.. Their next home game at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena will fall on Tuesday, July 7 at 8:00 p.m., versus the Kodiaks again.

more from the Lakers. In the second period, with two responses from Owen Vanloon and Recoil Davis, the Lakers closed the period with another triple ending the period 4-7 for the Lakers. In the third, Matt Hamil and Daylin John-hill came through with singles each, but the Lakers came back with two more. The game ended with a closer 6-9 for the Lakers. On July 3, the Arrows went to the Ted Reeve Arena to face the Toronto Beaches. The game started with a power play goal from Thunder Hill, and a

blitz of five goals for the Beaches. Coming into the second period 1-5, the Beaches put up another single, answered by a double from Thunder Hill. Oneniotekowa Maracle came in for a single as well, before the Beaches put up three more. But Brenden Anderson and Thunder Hill came through with two more. This closed the second period 6-9 for the Beaches. The third period opened with scoring from Owen Vanloon and Louis Alfred, but the Beaches matched points. This ended the showing 8-11 for the

The next game for the Chiefs will venture the team out to Cobourg to face the Kodiaks on Sunday, July 10 at 6:00 p.m.. STAFF

Arrows continue forward on linear trajectory Beaches. The Arrows sit in ninth place in overall standings, with several players breaking the top 20 in the league including Tyler Davis, Ross Hill and Thunder Hill. The Arrows next home game will fall on Wednesday, July 6, at 7:30 p.m., versus the Burlington Chiefs. The Arrows will have an away game on Saturday, July 9 at 7:00 p.m., within the Memorial Arena to pair them up against the Brampton Excelsiors.



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July 6th, 2022

Hamilton Tiger-Cats open Play it Forward By TRT Staff with notes from HAMILTON — The Hamilton Tiger-Cats worked closely with Quarterback Dane Evans to create Play It Forward, a program set to give hundreds of Indigenous youth from Six Nations of the Grand River, Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, and the local Hamilton community an opportunity to come to Tim Hortons Field to enjoy a Tiger-Cats’ home game with special pre-game sideline access during warm-ups. Dane Evans, who is of Wichita descent, hopes the program can inspire and empower Indigenous youth. “My parents instilled in me the importance of paying it forward and it’s something I’ve always tried to prioritize, specifically with the youth.” Said Dane Evans, quarterback for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in a statement on the Tiger-Cats website. “I hope the kids come out, have a great time and they too can realize the importance of paying it forward, regardless of who you are or how successful you may be.” Play it Forward presented by LiUNA opened


MSL announces partnership with Rogers TV Durham STAFF REPORT


Dane Evans, who is of Wichita descent, hopes the program can inspire and empower Indigenous youth. SUBMITTED

20 tickets for Indigenous youth to attend each of the Ti-cats nine home games with sideline access during pre-game to watch warmups. “LiUNA is proud to partner with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats to present the Play It Forward program in strong support of our indigenous communities. The program will advance opportunities and provide unique local experiences for hundreds of indigenous youth, inspiring and empowering through the power of sport,” said Joseph

Mancinelli, LiUNA International Vice-President & Regional Manager of Central & Eastern Canada in a statement on the Tiger-Cats website. “On behalf of LiUNA we know firsthand how important mentorship is in strengthening opportunities for youth, eliminating barriers to reach their full potential and building strong, inclusive communities. We look forward to kicking off the program and welcoming you to the stadium together with Dane Evans and the Hamilton

Tiger-Cats!” The program also includes Play it Forward Day on July 5, where Evans invited 100 youth from Indigenous communities to Tim Hortons Field for a day full of fun activities and games on the field as well as the opportunity to interact with Evans and his Ti-Cats teammates. Transportation to and from the event and a Play It Forward t-shirt were provided for all the youth who attended.

ONTARIO — The Major Series Lacrosse League (MSL) announced its new relationship with Yourtv Northumberland Yourtv Peterborough-Lindsay Rogers TV, Channel 20 at Rogers TV Durham. Lacrosse fans can now watch live MSL action on cable through the local stations, stream in some locations and much more. Regarding the Six Nations Chiefs, Rogers TV will host cable broadcasts and live streams of every Chiefs home and away game, as well as game highlights. Rogers TV Channel 20 is also seeking volunteers

in need of getting high school volunteer hours for those interested in working in television production. “Right now, we're looking to build our mobile production teams in Six Nations of the Grand River Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation City of Brantford County of Brant to work on our Six Nations Chiefs Lacrosse coverage. High schools students 16 and over can volunteer and get their high school volunteer hours required for graduation!” Reads the Rogers TV Channel 20 Facebook page. Those interested can apply online at the Rogers TV website under ‘volunteer.’

Womens Team Haudenosaunee are off

By TRT Staff with notes MARYLAND — Eight teams advanced to the quarterfinals on an action-packed Tuesday at the 2022 World Lacrosse Women’s Championship, highlighted by three wins from lower seeded teams. The Haudenosaunee, the Czech Republic and Japan scored victories in the round of 16, against No. 5 Scotland, No. 7 Germany, and No. 8 New Zealand. The Haudenosaunee Womens Team scored the biggest upset of the day, upending the No. 5 Scotland, 11-9, as the 12th seed. The Haudenosaunee will play in their second-ever quarterfinal after last doing so in 2013. Miya Scanlan scored five goals to go with two ground balls and three draw controls. The Haudenosaunee will face Australia next at 2 p.m., on July 6 at the Unitas Stadium.

The top four seeds – the United States, Canada, England and Australia – all advanced from the round of the 16 as well. Additional quarterfinalist Israel is one of four remaining undefeated teams along with Japan, the Czech Republic and the United States. STAFF



Warriors get racist comment





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Indigenous Talent Search CKRZ 100.3FM “Blues and Cruise!” August 4th, 2022 Gathering Place by the Grand 2593 Chiefswood Rd., Six Nations Music, cars and cash!

Join us Thursday August 4th for the CKRZ, “Blues and Cruise!” from 4pm to 10pm! There will be music, cars, food trucks and cash! That’s right! Performers who enter the CKRZ Indigenous Blues Talent Search by July 8th have a chance to win $1000.00! 1st place -$1,000.00. 2nd place- $500.00 3rd place- $300.00 Plus, the winner opens the stage for CKRZ at the 24th annual Southside Shuffle, Port Credit Blues and Jazz Festival, September 10th, 2022.

Deadline to enter is Friday July 8th! Don’t delay, go to

Then open the CKRZ Indigenous Blues Talent Search flyer and click on the link to find out how you can enter, or call the station at 519-445-4140.

It’s gonna be fun, it’s gonna be loud, it’s gonna be Awesome! (This is an alcohol free, rain or shine event.)



BRANTFORD — Last weekend, the Brantford Warriors Minor Lacrosse Association received a complaint from an Indigenous St. Catharines U17 player. The complaint included a report that a coach had made an anti-Indigenous comment. “On Saturday morning, July 2nd, we received a complaint alleging that one of our coaches had made an anti-Indigenous comment to a player on the St. Catherine's U17 2 Team,” wrote the Brantford Minor Lacrosse Facebook page. “Immediately, upon receiving the complaint, we took the extraordinary measure of temporarily removing the coach in question from the bench while we completed our investigation. We took this immediate step in order to ensure the St. Catherine’s player felt heard and supported. Through the course of our investigation, it was learned that the coach implicated in the

complaint did not make any anti-Indigenous comments but that a player on our U17 team made comments that he has now learned are anti-Indigenous. This player immediately admitted that he, and not the coach, had made a comment about a player’s hair on the St. Catherine's team. It is our belief that this player’s comments were wrongly attributed to our coach.” “The Brantford Minor Lacrosse Association acknowledges that anti-Indigenous racism, or racism of any kind, has no place anywhere and certainly not, in the game of lacrosse. To that end, we wish to publicly apologize on behalf of our Association, the U17 team and the player who made these inappropriate and hurtful comments about the hair of the Indigenous player in St. Catherine’s during the Hamilton Super Series Tournament. In particular, we apologize for the harm this behaviour has caused the St. Catherine’s player, his family, and all Indigenous players within the OLA. This incident is not representative of the Brantford Minor Lacrosse

Association, and we hope that the speed with which we addressed these allegations and the precautionary measures we implemented while we conducted our investigation demonstrate our sincerity in this regard. In addition, we would like to commend the St. Catherine's player for the bravery he demonstrated in speaking out about what he experienced. By speaking out, he has helped us to identify gaps in our player programming. To this end, we are actively working to implement an educational component for our members regarding the history of the game and importance of an Indigenous person's hair to their identity and culture. Through this process we have the opportunity to learn and do better. And we will.” Considerations made to the Facebook post included questioning the credibility of the claim that the player made the comment instead of the coach, and also if the infracting player would be held accountable and asked to apologize.


July 6th, 2022



SIX NATIONS COUNCIL Receptionist/Filing Clerk Ogwadeni:deo Case Aid (4 positions) Ogwadeni:deo Maintenance Ogwadeni:deo Case Aid (2 positions) Ogwadeni:deo Children’s Worker Ogwadeni:deo Privacy Information Officer/ Ogwadeni:deo Records Clerk Human Resources Ogwadeni:deo Administrative Assistant Financial Accountant-Analyst Ogwadeni:deo Administrative Assistant Ogwadeni:deo Intake/Screener Ogwadeni:deo Family Worker (2 positions) Ogwadeni:deo Early Childhood Child and Youth Health, Development Worker Health Services Speech Language Pathologist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Activity Supervisor Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Maintenance Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Registered Early Childhood Child Care Services, Educator Social Services Health Advocacy Officer Home and Community Care, Health Services Administrative Assistant Home and Community Care, Health Services Esadotgehs Quality Lead Administration, Health Services Food Service Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Gedeo Worker (2 positions) Community Crisis, Health Services Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Assistant Maintenance Team Leader Drainage Superintendent

Parks and Recreation

Administration, Central Administration Admission/Concession Worker Parks and Recreation Band Representative Child and Family Services, Social Services Cultural Advisor Ogwanohgwatrea, Health Services Department SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT Seasonal Lawn Maintenance Ohsweken Speedway Cashiers Styres Gas Bar Construction Teacher Six Nations Polytechnic RECE Maawdoo Maajaamin Mississaugas of the Credit Child Care First Nation Supervisor - Maawdoo Maajaamin Mississaugas of the Credit Child Care First Nation Anishinaabemowin Instructor Mississaugas of the Credit Ekwaamjigenang Children’s First Nation Centre (ECC) Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays...Monday through Friday from 8:30-4:30pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken


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Mississaugas of the Credit July 14, 2022 First Nation Trustee - 6N Public Library Board Six Nations Public Library July 23, 2022 School Bus Monitor Sharp Bus Lines Limited July 23, 2022 School Bus Driver Sharp Bus Lines Limited July 23, 2022 Intensive Case Manager de dwa da dehs nye>s July 29, 2022 Aboriginal Health Centre Infrastructure Specialist OFNTSC Full Time TBD July 29, 2022 Project Administrator OFNTSC Full Time TBD July 29, 2022 Factory Worker Seneca Wholesale Full Time $17.00/ Hour Aug. 4, 2022 Financial Assistant – Mississaugas of the Credit Full Time/ $43,969.50 to Until Filled Life Long Learning First Nation Permanent $62,329.50 Building Attendant Staff Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ TBD Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent Business Development Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ TBD Until Filled Financial Analyst Development Corporation Permanent Chiefswood Park Food Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ $18.00 to Until Filled Truck Cook Development Corporation Seasonal $20.00/ Hour Retail Clerk, the Marketplace Mississaugas of the Credit Contract/ $16.00/Hour Until Filled and Cafe First Nation GREAT Student Child Care Assistant Mississaugas of the Credit Contract/ $16.00/Hour Until Filled First Nation GREAT Student Summer Student - Administration – Mississaugas of the Credit Contract/ $16.00/Hour Until Filled Clerical Support First Nation GREAT Student ECC Junior Assistants (1-3) Mississaugas of the Credit Contract/ $16.00/Hour Until Filled First Nation GREAT Student Chief Financial Officer Mississaugas of the Credit Full Time/ $100,000 to Until Filled First Nation Permanent $115,000 Project Administrative Assistant Woodland Cultural Centre Full Time TBD Until Filled Accounting Support Clerk Indspire Contract $22.00/Hour Until Filled Digital Archivist Kawenní:io/Gawení:yo GREAT Student $15.00/Hour Until Filled Private School Operations Manager Kayanase Full Time TBD Until Filled Forestry Labourer Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Filled Ground Maintenance Worker Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Filled Gas Bar Attendant Mississaugas of the Credit Part Time TBD Until Filled First Nation Chiefswood Park Attendant Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ $18.00 to Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent $20.00/Hour Tourism Coordinator Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ $30,000 to Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent $49,712.00 Business Development Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time TBD Until Filled Financial Analyst Development Corporation The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at! To apply for funding, book your intake appointment with an ETC by calling 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1-888 218-8230 or email us at Phone: 519.445.2222 Fax: 519.445.4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230


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In Memoriam

Card of Thanks

The family of the late Katherine (Katie) King would like to thank you all for helping us honour Katie’s life and send her on her Great Journey. Special thanks to Bill Lofthouse and RHB Anderson Funeral Homes Ltd., the Pallbearers, the Fire Keepers, Patti, Mike and Missy, to everyone who sent the beautiful flowers, to all those who provided the loads of food and drinks, Veronica “I will lend to you, for a little time and Rebecca for preparing the food, the Hamilton Jr. A child of mine, He said Bulldogs, the Canadian Union of Skilled Workers, Petey For you to love the while she lives and Melissa and boys; Melissa, your words spoken for And mourn for when she’s dead” Katie were simply “Perfect”. There were so many more Grateful and blessed by a loving circle of caring family of you who helped in so many ways that we cannot name and friends on my grief journey and the amazing you all but please accept that all the acts of kindness young people in my family. Thanks to Creator for all the and comforting words will always be remembered. special people on life’s journey. May Katie’s memory hold a special place in your hearts forever. Forever loved, forever missed. The Sault and King families Mom (Joan) In loving memory of a cherished, loved daughterTam C. She left this early family circle to join her circle of family in the spirit world. Missing our long talks, laughter, catching up on news and all the family connections.

Soft Skills Workshops FREE Six Sessions of UP Skills Building Explore topics such as: Motivation; Time Management; Accountability; Teamwork; Attitude and Essential skills that will help enhance your everyday skills for work, learning and life. Options: Register for all, or select sessions you wish to attend. Begins July 13, 10am until noon, Wednesday & Thursdays. For more information, please call the Achievement Centre: 519-445-0023, ext.6902 or text 519-757-5989.

Yard Sale

WHY DISTRACTIONS? When we’re feeling anxious, we can often get stuck on worrying thoughts and upsetting emotions. Finding ways to distract ourselves and get active can be a great way to disrupt these patterns and focus on more positive things.

JUNE 2022 - BRIGHTENING The SPIRIT BREAKING The SILENCE Of SUICIDE COMMITTEE Community organization. Community driven. Focus is on recovery pathways to healing from the loss and grief that encompasses trauma and tragedy of suicide, but, anyone feeling lonely and sad from losing a loved one is welcome. In past years we have offered supportive sharing circles, leatherworks, t-shirt quilting, pottery making, painting classes, journaling, and a 8-week recovery pathway that deals with unresolved emotions. This year, we are excited to offer a ... Language Camp combining Cayuga & Mohawk language learning through various games and fun activities. Here is a brief overview ... July 25th - Supper & Introductions 6-8 pm; July 26th - 28th from 10 am- 2 pm ... activities-lunch - activities! Camp is Free! Registration open for 10 families ... last date to register is July 15th. Please call (519) 445-4204 to register.

Mohawk Longhouse Yard Sale 1912, 4th line, Ohsweken Saturday, July 9, 2022 9 am to 3 pm Something for Everyone! Corn soup, ham + scone, baked goods

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July 6th, 2022 2022 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH,

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Celebration of Life

Montour: Lillian Grace (Nee: Burnham) September 6, 1930 – July 2, 2022 As we on this side whisper, “There she goes”, Those on the other side cheer, “Here she comes” Peacefully, with her family by her side at the Stedman Community Hospice, Lillian went to be with her Creator and family waiting for her. She waited 57 years to be reunited with her husband, Cecil Morgan Montour. She is survived by her children, her pride and joy, Ellwood (Ted) and his wife Wiz, Kevan, Steve and his wife Deneen, and Melanie. Loving Gram of Samantha, Seanna, Trinity, Shelby (Curtis), Skylar (Quintan), and Cecil (Jaclyn) and Step-Gram to Melissa and Maya. Great-Gram to DeVvyn, Dantae, Desmond, Jahiem, Jahkari, Jaxxin, Matteo, Mila, Abigail, Teyo, Sookulaan and Dawson. Sister-in-law and special friend of B. Joyce Burnham. She will be deeply missed by her nieces, nephews, great-nieces, great-nephews, extended family and friends. Predeceased by sons, Gary (2019) and Jason (2017); granddaughter Shae Madeline; Parents, Edward & Mina; Father-in-law, Frank Montour, brothers and sisters; Ethel, Norma Mae, Ellwood (Hazel), Walter (Edith), Rosalie (Armand), John (Angeline), Nina, and William; Brother-in-laws and Sister-in-laws, Dorothy & Jake Davis, Bobby & Gertie Montour, Ken & Winnie Montour, Albert (Bun) & Maizie Montour, and George & Mickey Montour. Lillian was a very hard worker and persevered through tough times while raising her six children. In the early years, she was a founding member of and first Librarian at the Six Nations Public Library, while working in tobacco and attending Mohawk College in the evenings. Then, Lillian became the Head Librarian at the Woodland Cultural Centre. In later years, she commuted to Toronto daily and worked as an administrative assistant at the Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres until her retirement. Lillian (Lolly) was a community treasure, serving as a band councillor on the Six Nations Band Council. She was an active member of the Six Nations Fair Board, Grand River Post-Secondary Education Committee, and Six Nations Health Foundation for many years. Lillian was a long-time member of the Mohawk Singers, St. Peter’s Church Choir and organist. The family will honour her life with visitation at Styres Funeral Home, 1798 4th Line, Ohsweken on Monday, July 4, 2022 from 6-8 pm. (Family would ask that you follow covid protocol, face coverings and minimum contact). Funeral Service and burial will be held at St. Luke’s Anglican Church, Six Nations on Tuesday, July 5, 2022 at 1:00 pm. In lieu of flowers donations may be made to Six Nations Health Foundation.

Hill’s Snack Bar Come and enjoy the excellent food that Hill’s Snack Bar is famous for!


Please join us in celebrating the life of Steve Maracle (1964-2022). We will be eating some of his favorite dishes and sharing memories to celebrate his journey.

Feel free to bring an instrument for a casual jam session and a story to share in Steve’s memory.

Date: Saturday, July 9, 2022

Address: 2753 3rd Line Road, Ohsweken, ON Time: 1:00 – 4:00 pm

Contact: (905) 807-2501

In Memoriam

In Loving Memory of Ward Paul LaForme Jr. Miishioobneya – Red Sunset December 13, 1964 – July 5, 2021 Youngest child of the late Ward Sr. & the late Bessie LaForme. Ward also known as Wardy, was a wonderful Brother, a great Brother-in-Law, a super Uncle, a loving Great Uncle, a caring GreatGreat Uncle, and a welcome friend to all who knew him. He is missed every day and we will keep his memory alive. Joan, Erma & Brent, Dale, and families. IN LOVING MEMORY TAMMY CHRISTINE MARTIN MARCH 25, 1968 — JULY 5, 2021

Offering Smoking and Non-Smoking Rooms


Celebration of Life Announcement

905-765-1331 3345 6th Line Road, Six Nations

A year has passed since you have gone. There are so many things that we wish we could share with you, and so many things we wish you could see. “I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again” Love always, Gary, Brody, Graycee, Jordi, Whitney and Ira


July 6th, 2022 DECEMBER 19TH, 2018

CLUES ACROSS 1. Ancient Greek sophist 5. Genus of insects 11. Culinary herb 12. Neutralizing antibody 16. Plan 17. Pa’s partner 18. A city in S Louisiana 19. TNT sportscaster 24. Atomic #25 (abbr.) 25. Well-known bug 26. Body parts 27. Monetary unit of Albania 28. Kids’ play things 29. Coastal city in Malaysia 30. Famed French physician 31. Flourishing 33. Excessively overweight 34. Pampered 38. Emerged 39. Order of tailless amphibians 40. Indian term of respect 43. Shift sails (Brit.) 44. Beloved Mexican dish 45. Scottish tax 49. Health insurance 50. Monetary unit of Samoa 51. Move about 53. Execute or perform 54. Taste property 56. Unit of dry measure 58. Blood group 59. Something you can up 60. In great need 63. Breezes through 64. Spoke 65. Become acquainted with CLUES DOWN 1. A particular part 2. Spanish neighborhood 3. Business

19 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Aries, you can expect anything to happen this week, which makes it an ideal time to fall in love — or fall back in love. Throw caution to the wind and welcome romance.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 Taurus, don’t be surprised if a former romantic partner or close friend reconnects with you this week. It may be possible to rekindle this connection if you so desire. GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 Don’t hesitate to try something new this week, Gemini. You’ll likely be surprised at what you discover you enjoy. You may even meet some interesting people. CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Spiritual matters are on your mind, Cancer. You are increasingly drawn to them as you get older. Do not hesitate to ask questions in your pursuit of enlightenment.

4. Reddish browns 5. Extinct Hawaiian bird 6. Disney town 7. Part of the Bible (abbr.) 8. Atomic #22 (abbr.) 9. The distinctive spirit of a people or an era 10. In a moment 13. Monetary unit of Vietnam 14. Submerge in a liquid 15. Yellowish cotton cloth 20. -__, denotes past 21. Hoopster Morant 22. Not 23. Indian title of respect 27. Horsley and Marvin are two 29. One thousandth of a liter (abbr.) 30. Hoover’s organization 31. Round globular seed 32. University official

Answers for July 6th, 2022 Crossword Puzzle

33. Spherical body 34. Iraq’s capital 35. To any further extent 36. Swollen lymph node 37. Anger 38. Technological marvel 40. Peruvian district 41. Salt of acetic acid 42. What Santa says 44. Israeli city __ Aviv 45. Late Heisman winner 46. Reveal the presence of 47. Long upholstered seat 48. Most wily 50. Sword 51. Respiratory disease 52. The Ocean State 54. Fleshy watery fruit 55. Lying down 57. Superheavy metal 61. The ancient Egyptian sun god 62. Indicates position


LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Optimism about life is in full force for you, Leo. Others will notice you are smiling more and moving about with a spring in your step. Channel that energy into a fun project.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, this week is full of possibilities. You may strike up a new friendship or decide to try a unique hobby. Travel may be the name of the game as well. LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, even though you may be feeling positive and looking well, you’re simply not drawing that special attention you desire. Don’t be too hard on yourself; it will come.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, communication channels have been blocked lately, so you have been facing challenges getting your point across. Employ a little more patience. SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 Sagittarius, there have been days you have felt better. Don’t let a minor illness derail your plans. Before you know it, you will be back on your feet.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Try an activity that strays from your usual routine, Capricorn. Change the time or the location to get a fresh perspective on your experiences. It can be the boost you need right now.

AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 Don’t be surprised if you have a desire to redecorate or change up your living space in some way, Aquarius. A new look can refresh your mindset as well. PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Some interesting news is likely to come your way, Pisces. It’s important to answer your phone, read your texts and check your emails.

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES



July 6th, 2022

VETERAN AND VETERAN FAMILY MENTAL HEALTH REMAINS UNCHARTED TERRITORY “Most Canadians don’t know what it’s like for a lot of Veterans just to try and function through a day.” — Warrant Officer (Ret’d) Brian McKenna, National Strategic Advisor with the Atlas Institute for Veterans and Families

For decades, Veterans and their Families have voiced concerns about how hard it can be to find support services that reflect their military experiences and provide real ways to help. Finding the right services in the right place and at the right time is not always easy. Additionally, civilians are often unaware of the physical, emotional, and mental stressors that Veterans and their Families experience, leading to feelings of isolation and loneliness. Enter the Atlas Institute for Veterans and Families. We were established in 2017 as the Centre of Excellence on PTSD, to increase awareness of Veteran and Family mental health needs, and to improve the quality and availability of trauma-informed care and supports that will make daily life a little easier.

Nothing about us without us

Our work is guided by the expertise of those with lived experience. Our four lived experience advisors—two CAF Veterans and two CAF Family members—build trusted relationships with a diverse group of Veterans and Families to ensure the information we develop and share is tailored to their needs. Across our various projects, we also engage with community, receiving and sharing information that will improve supports and services for mental health and well-being. “We embed lived expertise in our staff and into our processes. We regularly engage with Veterans and Families, former RCMP members, researchers, and service providers, to ensure that our work is guided by and reflective of the people we serve. It’s also important for RCMP Veterans and their Families to know they are part of

our remit, that we are here to respond to their needs too,” says Laryssa Lamrock, National Strategic Advisor, Families with the Atlas Institute. Our goal, says Fardous Hosseiny, President and CEO of the Atlas Institute, is to ensure that Veterans and their Families have access to the best possible supports and care. “While we do not offer direct services, we aim to identify the best mental health treatment approaches,” says Hosseiny. “Veterans and Families have dedicated their lives to serving Canada. Now, it’s our time to give back.”

Mental health challenges are common

Roughly one in four Veterans experiences mental health problems. Many of these problems can be difficult for service providers to understand and treat, for many reasons, including a lack of clinical research in Canada. “It can be challenging to find up-to-date research on Veterans and their Families,” Hosseiny says. “One of our goals is to use new and existing research to inform treatment options and policies that support improvements in trauma-related mental health care,” he adds, referring to the Atlas Institute’s research work with Canadian and international partners. He notes that sharing research is key to getting current, relevant knowledge into the hands of service providers and Veterans and Families alike.

We have your backs

We listen to Veterans and Family members. We hear you when you talk about your experiences at home and abroad, the challenges of returning from deployment, the strain of being away from Family and friends, and how hard it is to transition to post-service life. We recognize the impacts that trauma has on the individual and on the Family. We know that finding supports and services to help manage the impacts of trauma can be incredibly hard and frustrating. That’s why we are here. We are here to help fix a system that isn’t working as well as it should for you and your Family. We have your backs.

Learn more at


Funded by Veterans Affairs Canada Financé par Anciens Combattants Canada