Two Row Times, June 29, 2022

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THE SPIRIT OF ALL NATIONS WEDNESDAY June 29th, 2022 | www.tworowtimes.com | 519-900-5535 | Grand River Territory | FREE

Six Nations Development Corporation donates iPads to Iroquois Lodge 1045 Brant County Hwy 54 Ohsweken 519-770-3628

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Iroquois Lodge got 14 iPads thanks to a donation from the Six Nations of the Grand River Development Corporation last week. Elders at the lodge will now have another way to maintain independence and ensure communication with loved ones through the use of the iPads. The iPads will provide increased access for residents to watch movies, connect with family and friends via video calls and access an activity account set up for various sources of entertainment. Andy Joseph, Iroquois Lodge Administrator and Tricia Martin, Director of Care received the iPads on behalf of the residents. They expressed appreciation and noted how much impact the donation would have on residents. SNGRDC said it was pleased to donate the iPads. “I am so glad we were able to donate the iPads to

The corporation donated the iPads and cases which were previously used by the SNGRDC Group, which consists of the Board of Directors, Board of Trustees and Advisory Committee. SUBMITTED

Iroquois Lodge rather than sending them to a storage room to gather dust or to a landfill,” said SNGRDC board member Rachel Martin. “Instead, they will bring joy, entertainment and further access to communication for our Elders. It was such a pleasure to hear the ways residents will be able to use the iPads and to see and

hear the appreciation from the staff, just a wonderful feeling.” The corporation donated the iPads and cases which were previously used by the SNGRDC Group, which consists of the Board of Directors, Board of Trustees and Advisory Committee. Iroquois Lodge is a long-term care home in

the village of Ohsweken committed to ensuring that all residents are treated with dignity, respect and live in a healthy environment. The facility says it prides itself on being sensitive and responsive to each individual’s spiritual and cultural values. Iroquois Lodge is focused on enhancing the quality

of life and autonomy for residents, their families and staff. The iPads donated by SNGRDC are another avenue for independence and will increase quality of life through inter-connection when many are unable to visit their loved ones.

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LOCAL

TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

keeping you informed.

Two local people, Toronto man arrested in drug search SIX NATIONS — Three men are under arrest and facing a slew of drug trafficking and weapons charges after a search warrant by Six Nations Police was conducted on June 24. Two residences including four trailers and two vehicles were searched on River Range Road. The following have been charged and held for

a formal bail hearing: Malik Denzel Graham, 18 years of Toronto, is charged with Possession for the Purpose of Trafficking - Fentanyl, Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm X 2, Unauthorized Possession of a Prohibited Weapon X 2, Firearm/Weapon/Ammunition: Careless Use, and Proceeds of Crime Under $5,000.

Corey Tyler Hill, 27 years of Ohsweken, is charged with Possession for the Purpose of Trafficking - Fentanyl, Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm X 2, Unauthorized Possession of a Prohibited Weapon X 2, Knowledge of Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm X 2, Possession of a Firearm or Weapon contrary to Prohibition Order X 3, Fail to Comply

with Release Order X 3, Breach of Probation X 3, Disobey Court Order, Firearm/Weapon/Ammunition: Careless Use, and Proceeds of Crime under $5,000. Steven Travis Hill, 30 years of Ohsweken, is charged with Fail to Comply with Undertaking Conditions and Breach of Probation.

Bomberry says council might want to consider legal action. “We are trying to have something done but we don’t have that ability to stop them, other than starting an individual lawsuit, which might be something that could be considered but we have been concentrating more on our lawsuit with the feds and the province.” Housing developments are underway in the west end of the city, said Coun. Helen Miller. “There’s tons of them,” she said. “Tons. Are we going to be doing anything about those…trying to get money or something?” “We are talking to Brantford,” said Bomberry, adding that Six Nations was “at the table” for boundary expansion talks but in the end, “we got shut out. That is still a sore spot with me. We were supposed to be accommodated for all those lands going under Branford’s jurisdiction and that never happened. And de-

velopment is about to take off in those areas, although there has been a lot of development in Brant County, as well, particularly around the Paris area. Something needs to be done….you can’t go full blast developing in these areas without consulting Six Nations and getting their approval. As of now we don’t have the veto power or the ability to get accommodation from any of these developments that are occurring. That’s just the way the law is right now.” Coun. Hazel Johnson said there is no consideration for Six Nations’ land rights. “They just keep forging ahead with their developments. They’ve taken the land, they do whatever they want with it, they know it’s not theirs, but they still develop it and now it’s almost like a slap in the face to Six Nations. Our land claims are going to be heading into the courts very, very soon and the outcome of that, whatever it may be, just might have impact on what

they’re doing today without having any consideration for Six Nations. It just doesn’t make any sense. It’s stolen land. You steal something and you just do whatever you want with it and you don’t have to be accountable in no way. Here we are, all these years, still trying to figure out a way to make them have consideration for Six Nations.” She said elected council needs to step up. “It’s almost like we’re just cruising along and we need to get stronger willed in getting our points across.” She suggested council hold a meeting with municipalities up and down the Haldimand Tract - a million-acre plot along the Grand River deeded to Six Nations for their loyalty to the Crown during the American War of Independence. Tell them, from now on, there’s going to be rules and regulations to follow, said Johnson.

Six Nations Council wants land rights recognized DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

Three men are under arrest and facing a slew of drug trafficking and weapons charges after a search warrant by Six Nations Police was conducted on June 24. FILE

TWO ROW TIMES

Six Nations Lands and Resources Director Lonny Bomberry has suggested elected council consider legal action against the City of Brantford after a discussion at Monday’s Political Liaison meeting on Brantford’s exploding development activity. Legal action was suggested in response to the city of Brantford failing to compensate Six Nations after redrawing its boundaries with the County of Brant in 2017. Now, those lands are the subject of massive development. When the city added 2,700 hectares of land during the boundary expansion, it did not consult Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council, despite those lands being under claim, council heard. Now, with development exploding across the city,

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TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

3

ConGRADulations

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Six Nations and surrounding area on cougar watch DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

A rather large cat could be on the prowl on Six Nations and the surrounding areas, after several reported sightings of a large black animal that looked like a cougar. Six Nations Police are warning people to be on the lookout for a black cougar, while nearby Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation is holding indoor recess for all school children and daycare kids in light of the sighting. Police said they were made aware of the possible sighting around 6:45 p.m. Monday night when a person called in an animal complaint on Chiefswood Road near Second Line Road. The caller told police the animal was in the driveway before running off into the bush and that it was black with a long tail.

Police warned local residents to be mindful of the safety of pets, children and livestock. Earlier, there was another cougar sighting reported in the village of Ohsweken. Cougars, also known as mountain lions, are an endangered species in Ontario. The Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks says cougars are an endangered species and are very shy, normally avoiding humans. Anyone who encounters a cougar should remain calm, the ministry says. “If you see a cougar, stay calm, remain standing and make yourself look large by holding your arms above your head. You should immediately back away slowly and leave the area. If the animal is aggressive, throw objects at it. Never run.” Six Nations Animal Control is investigating, along with the Ministry of Natural Resources.

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TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

Run Woman Run brings Indigenous filmmakers into limelight DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

SIX NATIONS - Indigenous people are becoming more and more represented in the film industry and with the recent success of the mainstream feature film Run Woman Run, most of which was shot on Six Nations, Indigenous people are being encouraged to get involved with filmmaking. Zoe Hopkins, director of the surprise dramedy Run Woman Run, told a Six Nations audience at a live outdoor screening of the movie last week that Onkwehonwe people are taking their place in the film industry. Hopkins, a Helitsuk/Mohawk writer and director, fell in love with filmmaking when she was 15 and hasn’t looked back. “I was really excited about the whole machine of making films and I knew

I wanted to do something in the film industry and I wasn’t quite sure what yet.” She got a degree in filmmaking at Ryerson University right after high school and had worked as an actor before and after her degree was completed. She immediately started making short films when she graduated and made her first feature film in 2018, called Kayak to Klemtu. Hopkins said almost any skill set can enable someone to work in film. “I’ve always been really amazed at how there’s a job for all different kinds of people in the film industry, no matter what your skills are, whether you’re creative or mathematical or technical, there’s all kinds of different jobs, from accountants and construction, costumes, and makeup and camera, building things.” She said, “Nowadays it’s really nice to go on a set

Run Woman Run was filmed on Six Nations.

and see it’s really equal with men and women on this particular show I’m working on. It’s really a mixed bag. There’s not a job that’s female specific or male specific so you can be anything you want in this film industry.” And, she said, Ongwe-

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honwe people are taking up space in the industry now, too, in higher up positions, like writing and directing. “Being in the film industry is so great because I’ve been able to travel the world and go to film festivals and meet other Ongwehonwe people

around the world.” She worked alongside Carla Robinson and Paula Devonshire, who joined her to interact with the audience during a screening of the film on a large outdoor screen at The Gathering Place on Indigenous People’s Day June 21. Robinson, a former CBC broadcaster who has also taught screenwriting, said, “Don’t think just because you’re older you can’t do it, too. All the experience that life has given you will help you. I really enjoyed working on Run Woman Run and seeing it take shape.” In Run Woman Run, it kind of reflects Hopkins’s real-life experience of learning Mohawk, as the main character, Beck, also desires to learn her language. “That’s taking back her power and it’s so amazing to bring our language into storytelling,” said Robinson. “Storytelling is magic. You get lost in that world and

it’s so powerful.” The film centers around a single mom named Beck who has a self-defeating attitude. After waking up from a diabetic coma, and after a visit from the ghost of legendary Onondaga long distance runner Tom Longboat, she embarks on a quest to train for a marathon, while learning many lessons along the way. Longboat’s spirit accompanies her throughout her training. Large portions of the movie are filmed on Six Nations. Viewers are sure to be thrilled to see landmarks from their home territory on the big screen, as Beck runs around the lonely country roads on the reserve, and attempts to run a 10 km race with scenes shot at the Six Nations Community Hall. The movie is expected to be available on Crave this year.


TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

Councillor Wendy Johnson resigns DONNA DURIC

donna@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

In a surprise move, Wendy Johnson has resigned from Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council. The community learned of the sudden resignation at Tuesday night’s general council, with the former councillor citing a “compelling opportunity” she had to take as a reason for her departure. In a statement from Johnson addressed to the community, read by Elected Chief Mark Hill, Johnson said, “It is with sincere regret that I must inform you that I am unable to fulfill my term of office as councillor of the 58th elected council of Six Nations of the Grand River territory. June 26, 2022 will be my last day in office.” Johnson said she campaigned on the well-being of the community, with a particular focus on chil-

Wendy Johnson has resigned.

dren and youth. “As you may know, I firmly believe our children and the youth are the future and we must do everything we can to support and encourage their success in a safe, secure and vibrant environment. An unexpected and compelling opportu-

FILE

nity has arisen for me to focus on children and I must follow my heart. It is my sincere hope that you will understand and appreciate the tough decision I have had before me as it did not come easy. I say nia:weh to all those who have supported me

during my three years with council and to the many staff members I had the opportunity to work with. It’s truly been an honour and a privilege to serve my community and I wish Chief Hill and all the councillors the very best in the days ahead.” That means now the community will be heading into a by-election to find a replacement. As per the election code, council had five days within the date of resignation taking effect to inform the community of the vacant position and need for a by-election. Chief Hill wished Johnson the best in her future endeavours. “She’s contributed a lot to our community, especially as the first council to ever deal with a worldwide pandemic. She brought a lot of strengths (to council).”

CANADA DAY JULY 1ST

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5

Community fundraises for SN Deputy Fire Chief

OHSWEKEN — Six Nations has come together to fundraise to help Deputy Fire Chief Vince Martin, who is recovering in hospital from a significant illness. Approximately $4500 was raised during a cornhole tournament started by community volunteers. Another $4500 was raised during a Fire Department spaghetti dinner and a GoFundMe has brought in approximately $5225. Martin was a volunteer firefighter for over 25 years before being appointed Six Nations Fire and Emergency Services Deputy Fire Chief. FILE

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6

OPINION

TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

editor@tworowtimes.com

TikTok creating space for Inuvialuk content creator taalrumiq JACE KOBLUN

jace@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

Christina King, better known as Taalrumiq on TikTok, is an Inuvialuk artist, designer and cultural educator based in the Northwest Territories. She uses her platform to share culture including; traditional clothes, art, fashion and design. Two Row Times met with Christina over Zoom during National Indigenous History Month to hear some of her journey and experiences on TikTok. Jace: Where do you live and where were you born? Christina: I live in Tuktuuyaqtuuq in the Northwest Territories, Canada. I was not born here. At the time that I was born, it was standard practice to send women away from their home community to access healthcare services in larger centers. I was born in a segregated Indian hospital in Edmonton. My mom had to be flown a long way from her traditional lands to Alberta where I was born. People are sometimes shocked to hear of segregated Indian hospitals in Canada but it was a real thing. I was born in one of those hospitals and it’s not that long ago. Jace: How did you first hear about TikTok? Christina: Well it was actually from my teenager when the pandemic started. I was wondering what she was doing on her phone all the time and I was wondering what she was doing and I needed to check it out. I downloaded the app and then I got hooked. Jace: Out of all the social media platforms available what made you choose TikTok? Christina: When I first got on there I was so happy

to see all the representation and to see all the culture, tradition, singing, drumming, food, clothing. And I noticed right away that there was a real lack of Inuvialuk representation, which is common, we're always underrepresented in various things. I never set out to be a content creator, but I thought, well, you know, I can show my traditional clothing that I have. And I'm an artist and fashion designer. So I thought, well, I could show some of the things that I've made and share a bit of my culture. It quickly evolved from there. But what was motivating to me was thinking of my children, and thinking of Inuvialuk youth, when they're gonna go on this app they're gonna see all this great Indigenous content, but they're not going to see Inuvialuk specific content. So that was what really encouraged me to start creating. Jace: Can you tell us a little bit about your content and what you create? Christina: So I share Inuvialuk history, culture, our daily life experiences, my art, fashion, design and our humour. I take popular trends, and I'll do it with an Inuvialuk spin or an Inuvialuk twist because I'm always thinking of my community. Jace: How large is your community? Christina: Tuktuuyaqtuuq there are about 1,000 people. The whole Inuvialuk population as a whole, within the Inuvialuk settlement region and beyond, I believe we are around 7,500. We’re a very small population. Over half our population was wiped out due to smallpox and the flu epidemics about 100 years ago. So all of us who are here today descend from survivors. Many of our grandparents, and great-grandparents were

children in those times. Jace: Has TikTok helped create a space for Indigenous people to share their own stories without any sort of colonial narrative? Christina: Oh, absolutely. I feel like now in this time, our voices and our stories and our experiences are

and resonate with, but it actually seems to appeal to a broader audience. And I guess, just sharing the landscape of my community, things like when the sun went away in the winter and we wouldn't see it again for a couple of months. And now we have

Christian King aka Taalrumiq on TikTok has almost 90 thousand followers on the app and uses the platform to educate and inform. SUBMITTED

finally being heard and valued and sought after. And this is a great opportunity for all of us to tell our stories from our experiences. My community; we’ve always been studied, we've always been researched, people have written books and made documentaries and published papers and academic journals about us, and they become experts on us. But really we are the experts. You know, we live this culture, this is who we are as a people. Having this platform there's an ability to reach a global audience who wants to hear what we have to say. Jace: How does where you are from influence what you share online? Christina: Sometimes I create videos and content that I'm thinking just people in my town will see

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24 hours of sunlight. This is new to a lot of people around the world. Other northern communities will experience the same thing. So they'll totally understand where I'm coming from. But it's a great opportunity just to share our way of life with the world. Jace: What is your goal on TikTok? Christina: Well, as I said, I had never planned to become a content creator. But I had a great opportunity with TikTok Canada, and the National Screen Institute of Canada, where I was one of 28 content creators selected from across Canada, for their very first accelerator program for Indigenous creators. So it was a six-week intensive training program to help us with the steps of storytelling, you know,

how to edit and frame your shots, all these types of things, just to help us improve the quality of our video and the content that we're putting out there. My goal is to continue sharing Inuvialuk culture, just continue creating videos so that my children, my youth, they feel represented. Inuvialuk youth are going to see themselves, they're going to see their clothing and hear stories about their culture. And they're going to relate to that and resonate with that. Jace: Can you explain the meaning behind the name Taalrumiq? Christina: Taalrumiq was my great-grandmother. At birth, I was named by local elders in my community, they gave me my great-grandmother's name, and she was named after her grandmother. So it's an ancestral family name. And for many years, I wasn't very proud. There was a lot of shame. You know, if you know the history of Inuit our names were taken from us and we were given numbers as official government identities. And just for me to, in my adult years, really say, well, you know what that is my name. It was given to me the traditional customary way, I'm going to use it, reclaim it and be proud of it. And I think just by doing that as I said earlier, it might encourage others to do the same, to reclaim our identity and those pieces that were taken from us. Jace: Was there any specific content creator on TikTok that made you realize there was room for you want to start posting? Christina: So when I came across native TikTok, Indigenous TikTok, Notorious Cree, you know, him sharing his regalia and his dancing, I thought that was just the coolest thing. And

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seeing Sherry McKay educate and use these opportunities to share humour, and everything that she does. And indigenous_baddie too. She was doing some pretty cool stuff. So just seeing what they were doing, I was never thinking that I'm going to be as amazing as they are. But I thought, well, I'm just gonna have fun with it and share on my Facebook, where I'm connected to my community members. It just kind of took off from there. Jace: What are the videos you have the most fun creating? Christina: When I have time I love to do multigenerational skits. So I create original skits that just show different generations of an Inuvialuk family. One that comes to mind is the video I did when we start traditional dancing. So it shows like, you know, different aunties, uncles, grandparents, even our ancestors are proud. I love doing those skits with different characters. It's a lot of fun. It's a great creative outlet for me, and I enjoy those a lot. Jace: What tips would you give a small content creator trying to grow? Christina: Don't get discouraged. There are going to be times when you work so hard on a video, and it just doesn't get any leverage. Don't give up. We're in this for the long haul. Some people do achieve success overnight, but it's just something you got to work at. And you have to love what you're doing. I don't get paid for any of my content, I do it in my spare time. And I do it because I love it. And I believe it's so important. So that's what keeps me going. So you have to love what you're doing. Be yourself, be honest, and just keep at it. Follow Christina on TikTok @taalrumiq.

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TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

7

Meet change-maker and TikTok influencer Vanessa Brousseau aka @resilientinuk JACE KOBLUN

jace@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

Ontario-based Vanessa Brousseau goes by resilientinuk on TikTok where she shares personal stories with her almost 90 thousand followers about her upbringing, culture, art and healing journey while also spreading awareness for Missing and Murdered Women, Girls and 2-Spirit People. Vanessa found TikTok during the first set of COVID-19 lockdowns and has found a place in the app for her strong voice and opinions on what matters to her most — educating and making space for the next generation of change-makers. Two Row Times caught up with Vanessa aka resilientinuk during this year’s National Indigenous History Month to chat about her passions, art and how she is using TikTok for change. Jace: Where do you live? Brousseau: Welland, Ontario. Jace: Where did you grow up? Brousseau: I grew up in Timmins, Ont., about 10 hours north of here. I’ve also lived up in Attawapiskat First Nation. That’s where my children are from. I’ve had some remote living experiences. Jace: How did you first hear about TikTok? Brousseau: It was when COVID first hit and we were all cooped up in our houses and had nothing to do. My sons were on the

app for fun and I asked them what they were always laughing at then I tried it out myself. Jace: What made you choose TikTok as your main platform? Brousseau: I was on Facebook and Instagram already but I was never into creating videos or any content like that. I really believe that the TikTok platform is very user-friendly. And I think that's what encouraged me to start making videos. I'm very dedicated to TikTok and anything I create gets uploaded there first and I’ll share it on my other socials after. Jace: How would you describe your platform in a few sentences? Brousseau: I like to advocate and share the truth about Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls and Two-Spirit as my sister has been missing for almost 19 years now. It’ll be 19 years in December. I also like to share my culture, which is Inuit and Ojibwe. And I like to show my art. I’ve healed myself through my art. Jace: How is TikTok creating space for Indigenous content creators to tell their own stories? Brousseau: We've been silenced for so long. Especially Indigenous women. Being able to tell my truth, in my way, with my voice, in my style is huge. And it's part of my healing journey as well. In the last year, I've grown as a person on the platform and I think it's

Vanessa found TikTok during the first set of COVID-19 lockdowns. FILE

Ontario-based Vanessa Brousseau goes by resilientinuk on TikTok. FILE

starting to show in my confidence and content — and I have so much more to share. I’m very busy so it's hard to have the time to share but I'm not in a rush. I have storytelling to share for another 20 years or so. Jace: What is your goal on TikTok? Brousseau: My goal is to spread awareness. TikTok posted a video for National Indigenous History Month and in it, they called me a change-maker. I was so proud because that’s what I want to be called above anything else. I’m all about making change and not only on Tiktok. I’ve worked for the federal government for eight years and one of my volunteer positions there is co-chair for the Truth and Reconciliation Working Group. My job is to spread awareness and education to other employees. I’m constantly trying to create awareness which I really believe creates change. Jace: Was there a specific content creator or video that inspired you to post your own? Brousseau: What sparked me to post my first video was a video posted by Celina Myers aka celinaspookyboo. She’s an amazing content creator who put up a bunch of

cardboard dresses on her front lawn for National Indigenous MMIWG2S on May 5. I saw it and I don’t know what clicked but I thought I could do that too. It’s truth. It’s my story. I thought I need to be doing this. This needs to be coming from our own people. Jace: What age group or groups make up most of your following? Brousseau: I’d say my viewers are 25 years old or under. I love that because those are our change-makers for the future. I have a lot of young viewers and they are very direct with the way they interact with me and the questions they ask. I love the relationship I’ve been building with my followers. I also do presentations in high schools and I’m able to speak with the students there. Jace: How do you portray your authentic self online? Brousseau: I always try and remember where I come from. I think it’s very important to remain humble. I’ll listen to the drum music that I’ve recorded. I’m also a scent person so I’ll have my sage going which grounds me. A lot of my videos are very emotional so I really need to make sure I can get back to myself because it’s hard.

My sister has been missing for so long and it’s a real thing I live with every day. I love my sister and it still feels like it happened yesterday. It’s hard for me to get those raw emotions out and then come back. Sometimes people don’t even see how hard it is. Sometimes it takes 10 recordings just to make one video but it’s important to be truthful. People will see it if you’re not. Jace: How do you stand out from other creators doing similar content as you? Brousseau: I want everyone to spread awareness on MMIW. The more the better, right? I think what stands out for me is I’ve done a lot of healing. I’ve done a lot of therapy and I’ve done a lot of work on myself and it shows when I speak. I also believe that I speak the truth and sometimes the truth isn’t pretty. I may lose followers or not gain as many because I am very truthful and so is my content. I think it’s important to be true to yourself and who you are. I’m 43 years old so I have a lot of experiences in my life. Jace: What types of videos do you have the most fun creating? Brousseau: My art. I love making art videos. I work with seal skin a lot. So, I've been really enjoying that. I really enjoy making different things and it’s a part of my healing journey. Jace: What tips would you give a small content creator trying to grow on TikTok? Brousseau: Don't give up. If I were to give up every time I didn't get a view or didn't get a comment, or someone didn't see me — don’t give up. And remember to love yourself. That’s important. Don't compare yourself to others because nobody is the same. Everybody is different. Everybody has their own unique qualities. It's really important to be true to yourself and be kind to yourself. Jace: What would you say to a shy content creator to help boost their confidence? Brousseau: I write down what I’m going to say first.

Every time I make a video I always write it down because I want to make sure my messages are clear and I’ve practiced them. Even though I have so many followers and I’m verified, I still sometimes have a hard time pressing that post button. I really do. I think are people going to judge me? Are people going to see a different side of me they won’t like this time? As long you’re being true to yourself everyone will see that. I’ve exposed myself to some of my past abuses and things that happened to me and I was really scared to say those things for fear of judgment or fear of more questioning because I’m a very private person and I only want to share so much at a time. It’s hard to know the balance but don’t be scared to press that post button. Jace: What’s the biggest perk of being considered an influencer on TikTok? Brousseau: All the beautiful people I’m meeting. I’m not joking with you, I’ve made some beautiful relationships and not just with Indigenous people. Non-Indigenous people and other different cultures too. I spent a weekend in Toronto recently at a festival and I had a great time with a bunch of aunties. We made a bunch of videos that are way out of my normal content and it was just nice to have a break and have that support. I’m really looking forward to meeting even more people. You can grow your support so big and not even leave your house. Jace: How do you deal with online hate, racism, and sexism? Brousseau: I get it too. I get really ignorant comments when it comes to my sister sometimes. Someone saying “hey, she’s dead,” or “why don’t you stop talking about this?” Or, “who cares?” I delete it. I don’t spend the energy answering those comments. I try to remember my seven grandfather teachings. One of them is to be kind and respectful and that’s what I try to do. Follow Vanessa on TikTok @resilientinuk.


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Farmers and consumers hit by high prices Food import bills will reach a record high this year and food markets are likely to tighten around the world, according to a glum new forecast by a U.N. food agency. The Food Outlook, issued twice a year by the Food and Agriculture Organization, also found that ``many vulnerable countries are paying more but receiving less food'' in imports. The report by the Rome-based agency noted that developing countries are reducing imports of cereals, oilseeds and meats, reflecting their inability to cover the price increases. The forecast cited ``soaring input prices, concerns about the weather, and increased market uncertainties stemming

from the war in Ukraine,'' which has seen millions of tons of grain stuck in silos and unable to be shipped abroad from that major agricultural exporter due to the Russian invasion. Its forecast points to a ``likely tightening of food markets and import bills reaching a new record high,'' said Upali Galketi Aratchilage, an FAO economist and lead editor of the report. The outlook discussed how agricultural sectors are struggling with rising costs of production, especially fertilizer and fuel, which could trigger further increases in food prices. Russia and its ally Belarus are major exporters of fertilizer.


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June 29th, 2022

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Alternatives to store bought fertilizer are all around you By Jessica Damiano The cost of everything from gas to burgers may be rising, but home gardeners growing produce have found a way at least to avoid paying $4 for a pound of tomatoes. Fertilizing those tomatoes — or cucumbers or flowers, for that matter — is another story, as the cost of soil amendments has been soaring. All plants require nutrients, which occur naturally in the soil. But over time, they become depleted and need to be replenished for plants to thrive. Most fertilizers contain three primary nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, represented by the N-P-K ratio on the package. Nitrogen directs the plant to channel its energy into green, leafy growth; phosphorus encourages the development of roots, fruits and flowers; and potassium benefits the plant's overall

health. Many fertilizers also contain secondary nutrients, like calcium and magnesium, and micronutrients like iron, copper, boron, manganese, zinc and molybdenum. All are necessary for optimal plant growth. The good news is they don't have to come from a bag or a bottle. There are many ways that home gardeners can save money while providing their plants with high-quality nutrients. Consider grass clippings: Allowing them to remain on the lawn after mowing can eliminate the need for fertilizer. As they break down, fresh clippings release a natural source of nitrogen into the soil that will sustain turf grasses (don't use fresh clippings in garden beds; they'll burn your plants). Compost is the single best soil amendment available. It increases sand's

moisture-retention, improves clay's drainage and adds beneficial nutrients to the soil. Incorporate generous amounts into beds or planting holes, or use it in place of mulch. If making compost isn't your bag, there's no need to buy it: Simply collect fruit and vegetable peelings and other kitchen scraps (but no meat, dairy or fats) in a bowl on your countertop. Whenever it fills up, dig its contents into the garden. As the scraps decompose, they'll add nutrients to the soil. Just be sure to bury them at least 10-12 inches deep to avoid attracting hungry wildlife, and dig several inches from plant rows to avoid damaging roots. Many gardeners treat their plants with fish emulsion, an organic, fast-release liquid fertilizer made from whole fish and byproducts from the fishing industry. It contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassi-

um, calcium, magnesium, sulfur and sodium, among other nutrients. It's about as expensive as it sounds, but there are ways to avoid buying it. Plants appreciate a wide array of fish-based applications, including a whole fish placed at the bottom of each planting hole, buried fish scraps (again, at least 10-12 inches deep) or homemade fish emulsion made by soaking scales, bones and entrails in a tightly sealed 5-gallon bucket of water for at least a month, then straining the liquid and using it to water plants. (Avoid using drained water from canned tuna, however, as its high sodium content may damage the soil and your plants.) If you're an angler, you already have access to these amendments. If you aren't, your local fishmonger may be willing to give away — or sell at low cost — scraps and heads

that would otherwise be discarded. Plants also benefit from used fish-tank water, which is rich in nitrogen and other nutrients. When you boil vegetables and pour the water down the drain, you're discarding a motherlode of vitamins and minerals that could enrich your garden. And water from boiled eggs is full of calcium, which is especially useful for tomatoes and peppers. Let each come to room temperature before applying. You can even use eggshells in place of garden lime, as both are made of calcium carbonate. Microwave for 2 minutes to dehydrate them — then grind in a high-powered blender, coffee grinder or food processor. Incorporate the resulting mineral-rich powder into the soil. The same can be done with banana peels, which are full of plant-boosting potassium. I recently learned of

the benefits of watering plants with a homemade yeast brew. I gave it a try, mixing a packet of bread yeast and a tablespoon of sugar into a liter of warm water, then placing it in a dark spot for 2 hours. Next, I diluted the frothy mixture with 3 gallons of water and applied about one cup to each plant. Three annual applications (not more) are recommended — one each as plants begin rooting, flowering and fruiting. It's too soon to ascertain any benefits to my garden, but the science seems sound: As yeast digests sugar, it releases nitrogen, phytohormones, amino acids, enzymes and other root-stimulators that aid plant growth and productivity. It also feeds beneficial bacteria in the soil and improves plants' disease resistance. And the best part is it cost about 79 cents to make.


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Food giants reap enormous profits during times of crisis By Phoebe Stephens A recent report by Oxfam International has found that 62 new ``food billionaires'' were created during the pandemic. The report, released ahead of this year's World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, highlights the record profits made by industry titans. Food and agribusiness billionaires reportedly raised their collective wealth by 42 per cent in the past two years, all while global food prices soared by 33.6 per cent in 2021, and are expected to rise by another 23 per cent in 2022. Cargill, the food company giant, is expected to report record profits this year, surpassing even last year's record-breaking US$5 billion. Indeed, three members of the Cargill family joined the Bloomberg Billionaires list in midApril. Canadian food corporations are also posting strong growth. Loblaws reported that its first-quarter earnings rose almost 40 per cent compared to last

year. Sky-rocketing food inflation While inflation is caused by several factors, one of the more pernicious can be traced back to the extreme levels of corporate concentration along the food supply chain. The pandemic initially exposed cracks in our supposedly efficient industrialized food system through supply chain breakdowns, worker shortages and trade restrictions. Now, we can add high food prices and growing inequality to the list. Food price inflation has grown much faster than general inflation for decades. Canada's general inflation rate is at its highest since 1991, and the food inflation rate in the country has reached 7.4 per cent. According to this year's Canada Food Price report, the average grocery bill increased by a whopping 70 per cent between 2000 and 2020, and median incomes have not kept pace. In the midst of this, companies have experienced record profits. This

indicates that they have the market power to insulate themselves from these shocks by passing the risk along to the consumer. Concentrated food supply Canada is home to one of the most concentrated food systems in the world: Cargill and JBS Foods slaughter 95 per cent of Canadian cattle, while Weston Bakeries and Canada Bread account for 80 per cent of the bread market. Loblaws, Sobeys, Metro, Walmart and Costco all hold roughly 80 per cent of grocery market sales. Consumers are not the only ones suffering the consequences. Retailers have continued to raise food prices, while farmer profits have remained stagnant or declined for decades. Corporate concentration is intimately linked to the industrialization of food systems. Agricultural industrialization favours mechanization and specialization, both aimed at increasing efficiency. Economies of scale — gains that are realized as a result of increased scale — and government

policies aimed at increasing production have resulted in a drastic decline in the number of farms in Canada and the U.S. between the mid-20th century and today. This shift has led to a concentration in business competition and along supply chains, facilitated by lax government oversight. Companies were also motivated to merge with and acquire others as a strategy to deliver shareholder value. `Greedflation' While many recognize the negative results of our industrialized food systems — high greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity loss and the promotion of highly processed foods, to name a few — they are often positioned as providing plentiful, affordable food for growing populations. However, the recent flurry of articles showing that Big Food might be contributing to food price hikes questions the validity of this claim. A recent New York Times article on ``greedflation'' explores the connection

between corporate concentration more generally and higher prices. Greedflation occurs when large corporations jack up their prices during times of extreme strife — like during a worldwide pandemic. The article notes that, although corporate concentration has existed for decades without corresponding inflation, the unique set of circumstances borne out of the pandemic has changed things. Supply shortages, combined with increased worker bargaining power, have driven corporations to switch from squeezing suppliers to squeezing consumers. Both approaches demonstrate the perils of concentrated corporate power. More diverse food production Higher food prices, partly as a result of corporate concentration, have furthered the case for supporting more diverse, local food production, processing and markets. With any luck, this mounting evidence will translate to investments in alternative food systems.

During the pandemic, these alternative food systems demonstrated their ability to adapt to crisis in a way that the longer, more distant and concentrated supply chains of industrialized markets could not. Community-supported agriculture programs, food hubs and online direct distribution platforms between farmers and consumers remained nimble during unpredictable times. If market concentration facilitates the ability for companies to raise prices for their benefit, it logically follows that smaller-scale, decentralized markets are simply not structured to not enable such tactics. In other words, these smaller markets won't be able to profit off of crisis the way the industrialized markets have been. To prevent large corporations from exploiting crises like the pandemic, Ukraine war and climate change for their own benefit, we need our governments to invest in smaller-scale alternatives.


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June 29th, 2022

The benefits of shopping farmers’ markets Farmers’ markets have grown in popularity in recent years. Nowadays, consumers interested in farmers’ markets can likely find one near their homes whether those homes are in rural communities, the suburbs or bustling cities. People who have never before shopped farmers’ markets may be curious as to why many people find them so appealing. The following are a handful of benefits of shopping farmers’ markets that might turn market novices into full-fledged devotees. Freshness: Many people visit farmers’ markets because the fruits and vegetables sold at such markets seem to taste more fresh than those sold at chain grocery stores. People are not mistaken, as the produce available at farmers’ markets often comes from local

farms, meaning there’s no long-distance shipping necessary. Locally sourced foods need not be frozen en route to the market, meaning foods purchased there tend to taste especially fresh. In-season foods: Some grocery stores may sell fruits and vegetables even when those foods are out of season. Farmers’ markets only sell in-season fruits and vegetables. To grow fruits and vegetables out-of-season, farmers may need to rely on chemicals or other unnatural methods. No such means are necessary when farmers stick to growing foods in-season. Environmental benefits: According to the Center for Urban Education about Sustainable Agriculture, food in the United States travels an average of 1,500 miles to get to consumers’ plates. Such journeys burn

natural resources, pollute the air and produce sizeable amounts of trash that ultimately ends up in landfills or the world’s oceans. Because food sold at farmers’ markets is locally sourced, considerably fewer natural resources are necessary to transport the food from farm to table, and the relatively short distances the food travels translates to less air pollution. Biodiversity: Many farmers’ market shoppers find unique foods not readily available at their local grocery stores. This is not only a great way to discover new and delicious foods, but also a way to promote biodiversity. Hormone-free animal products: Farmers’ markets do not exclusively sell fruits and vegetables.

Wilfrid Laurier University is looking to hire an

Indigenous Curriculum and Pedagogy Specialist. The Indigenous Curriculum and Pedagogy Specialist provides expertise and service to assist with embedding an awareness of Indigenous ways of knowing into the instruction and curriculum at Wilfrid Laurier. The Indigenous Curriculum and Pedagogy Specialist supports the development of Indigenous pedagogy and practices within the Laurier community by: 1) providing support to faculty as they integrate Indigenous ways of knowing, Indigenous curriculum, and Indigenous pedagogy into courses and programs 2) developing relevant workshops and instructional supports to support the development of understanding around Indigenous ways of knowing, and 3) working closely with colleagues across the institution to assist in building capacity around Indigenous ways of knowing and supports for Indigenous students, 4) support the Office of Indigenous Initiatives’ development and implementation of WLU’s Indigenization strategic plan, 5) manages the Indigenous knowledge fund to support opportunities for Indigenous knowledge holders visiting WLU’s campuses. To this end, the incumbent will research, design, and deliver a range of services and programs for undergraduate students, teaching assistants, graduate students, faculty and staff. This position has a university-wide mandate and is based on the Waterloo Campus. The incumbent provides pedagogical expertise to all campuses, requiring regular interpersonal interactions and collaboration with departments at the Waterloo, Brantford, Kitchener, and Milton Campuses, as well as external partners. Should you be interested in learning more about this opportunity please visit www.wlu.ca/careers for additional information and the online application system. All applications must be submitted online by July 6, 2022. Please note, a CV and letter of introduction will be required in electronic form.

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June 29th, 2022

Ride for Residential School Justice Manager LoansLoans Manager

TheOrganization Organization The The Two Rivers Community Development Centre (Two Rivers) is an Aboriginal Financial The Two Rivers Community Development Centre (Two Rivers) is an Aboriginal Financial Institution that supports Indigenous entrepreneurs in South/Central Ontario. Our vision is to Institution that supports Indigenous entrepreneurs in South/Central Ontario. Our vision is to build Aboriginal prosperity by providing financial support and business advisory services to build Aboriginal prosperity by providing financial support and business advisory services to Indigenous owned and controlled businesses in our service area. Indigenous owned and controlled businesses in our service area. Two Rivers is accepting applications for a Loans Manager with a strong business acumen, Two Rivers isstrategy, accepting community applications for a Loans Manager with a strong business acumen, leadership, development experience and engagement skills. An opportunity leadership, strategy, community development experience and engagement skills. An opportunity exists for advancement to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) position. exists for advancement to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) position. We are looking for an experienced, motivated, preference will be given to an Indigenous We are looking preference will given toand an Indigenous individual to for fillan theexperienced, role, buildmotivated, on the significant assetbegrowth market presence achieved individual to fill the role, build on the significant asset growth and market presence achieved over the past decade. over the past decade.

The Role The Role Reporting to the CEO the Loans Manager is responsible for: Reporting to the CEO the Loans Manager is responsible for: Working with the Business Support Officer to assist clients develop proposals and business plans Working with theadvice, Business Support Officer to assist develop proposals and business plans by providing links to information andclients business resources, by providing advice, links to information and business resources, Provide support to the Business Support Officer, Provide supportand to the Business Support Understand recommend policyOfficer, changes if conditions dictate, to the risk and pricing models, Understand and recommend policy if conditions dictate, to the risk and pricing models, Identify and follow up on newchanges business opportunities, Identify follow–upresearch, on new business Credit and analysis reviewopportunities, and assess information and documents to support each loan Credit analysis – research, review and assess information and documents to support each loan application, SIX NATIONS — Over 100 people rode motorcycles in a demonstration to demand justice and awarenessclients for recovered unmarked graves at Residential Schools across Canada. Riders came from all over Working with our partners and stakeholders prepare competitive credit package and assist application, Ontario to participate in the event, donning orange shirts, and travelled to the Niagara Regional Nasource complementary capital/equity and debt, tive Centre and was a fundraiser that will see donations given to the Niagara Regional Native Centre Working with our partners and stakeholders prepare competitive credit package and assist clients SUBMITTED Risk assessment – review applications source complementary capital/equity and debt,for financing and prepare recommendations for and the Indian Residential School Survivors Society. presentation CEO and/or board of directors, Risk assessmentto– the review applications for financing and prepare recommendations for Monitor client and follow up where default occurs, presentation to thecompliance CEO and/or board of directors, Assist the Loans Administrator collections, demonstrate flexibility in all pre-emptive Monitor client compliance and followwith up where default occurs, collection discussions by identifying techniques to encourage to maintain payment Assist the Loans Administrator with collections, demonstrate flexibility inclients all pre-emptive schedules, collection discussions by identifying techniques to encourage clients to maintain payment Prepare and present loan portfolio reports to the board of directors, schedules, Support vision, values TwoofRivers in carrying out the role, Prepare andthe present loanmission, portfolioand reports to theofboard directors, Replace the CEO during vacations and absences. Support the vision, mission, and values of Two Rivers in carrying out the role, Replace the CEO during vacations and absences. As a member of the Two Rivers team, cooperate with other team members to ensure actions are creating value through ongoing support of clients, partners, and stakeholders.

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June 29th, 2022

15

'About the survivors': Pope's visit important to understand residential schools and other after-effects of the Doctrine of Discovery CANADIAN PRESS

editor@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

MASKWACIS — Leaders from four First Nations in central Alberta say the Pope's upcoming visit could help the world understand the trauma the residential school system caused to Indigenous people. Pope Francis is scheduled to visit the Maskwacis area, south of Edmonton, as part of his Canadian tour from July 24 to 29. The community, which has four member nations, says it has been working around the clock in preparation for the thousands of people who are anticipated to come to the area to watch as the Pope is expected to apologize to survivors of residential schools and hear their stories.

The approximately onehour visit to Maskwacis is the first scheduled stop during the pontiff's trip. Along with visiting a local church and cemetery, the Pope is also to visit the former site of a residential school in the community. It signals his desire to highlight the voices of survivors, said Chief Wilton Littlechild, a lawyer and former Truth and Reconciliation Commission member who spent 14 years of his youth in a residential school. ``It's about peaceful coexistence. It's about the survivors and it's about truth and about reconciliation,'' Littlechild said at a news conference in Maskwacis on Monday. ``We ask everyone to join us on our walk together to the path of peace, justice and reconciliation.'' Littlechild said he hopes the Pope personalizes his apology and

allows survivors some time to forgive when he is in Maskwacis. Littlechild was among the Indigenous delegates who went to the Vatican in the spring to speak with Francis. The trip ended with the pontiff apologizing for the Roman Catholic Church's role in residential schools and committing to visit Canada to make another apology. Ermineskin Cree Nation Chief Randy Ermineskin said the planned visit is triggering a lot of emotions for survivors. ``After he leaves, we're left holding the baggage.'' Ermineskin said the community has already been engaging local mental health practitioners to support survivors and it has reached out to the federal government to request more workers. The Vatican has said the Pope's daily appearances will be short due to the 85-year-old's mobility and

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health issues. The Maskwacis First Nations want to make sure the visit is meaningful despite the time constraints. ``I know many people are going to be disappointed at the time that they're given, because this is years and years of trauma. Is that enough time? So, we want to make sure we use this time wisely,'' Ermineskin said. The Ermineskin Indian Residential School operated from 1895 to 1975 and was one of the largest residential schools in Canada. The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation has recorded the deaths of 15 students during its operation. In 1903, three children died of tuberculosis, while a government survey in the 1920s concluded half of the students were infected. Survivors from the school told the Truth and

Reconciliation Commission they were physically abused for speaking their first language and for practising their traditional ceremonies. The residence closed in the early 1970s and the educational facilities were transferred to the Ermineskin Cree Nation. Maskwacis created its own independent school system in 2016 to serve its member nations: Ermineskin Cree Nation, Louis Bull Tribe, Montana First Nation and Samson Cree Nation. The fact that the Pope plans to visit an area that now has complete control over education represents a full-circle moment, said Crystal Fraser, an assistant professor in the faculty of native studies at the University of Alberta. ``It is really an example, a paradigm, of what Indigenous communities can do in order to educate their own children according to

their own ways,'' she said. Maskwacis chiefs are welcoming survivors from across Canada to come during the Pope's visit. ``Maybe for the first time and last time, someone will come here and put closure to some of the things that they have gone through in the residential schools,'' Ermineskin said. George Littlechild, an artist in Comox, B.C., sees the Pope's visit as a time to heal. The intergenerational residential school and Sixties Scoop survivor had family members who attended the Ermineskin school, including two uncles who died there. He said it's important for Francis to acknowledge that atrocities occurred. ``For those survivors and the pain that they lived through daily, I don't think that pain ever goes away, but at least they're being acknowledged.''


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SPORTS

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June 29th, 2022

know the score.

Six Nations Rebels begin play off run against the Hamilton Bengals STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

HAMILTON — The Rebels finalized their regular season this month and began their playoff run on Thursday, June 23. Pitted against the Hamilton Bengals, the Rebel ventured out to the Valley Park Arena for Game 1, their first match in the best of five. The Bengals opened the first period with the first two goals, as answers came from the Rebels by Landon Genral, Anahilis Doxtatar (2), and Eric Hodo Martin. This closed the period 4-3 for the Rebels. In the second period, the Rebels opened with a fast goal by Damon Doxtatar, answered by five uninterrupted goals for the Bengals. Eric Hodo Martin split the goals with a single for the Rebels as three

STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

ENNISMORE — On June 4, the Six Nations Senior B Rivermen ventured out to an away game at the Ennismore Community Center to face the Ennismore James Gang with a game that ended in an overtime. The first period saw goals from Marshall Powless (2), and Tye Argent (2), in the first period. This brought the game to an early 4-4 tie between the two.

more came for the home team. This made the score 6-11 for the Bengals. Come the third, the Rebels picked up the pace with two straight goals, the only for the period by Ritchie Albert and Damon Doxtatar. This closed the game 8-11 for the Bengals. Back at home on Friday, June 24, the Rebels welcomed the Bengals to the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena for Game 2, a close, but unfavourable second game. The first period gave way for a goal from Landon General, but the Bengals halted further scoring as they out up four goals themselves. This ended the period 4-1. The second period saw scoring from Anahilis Doxtatar on a power play, as the scoring went back and forth. Cole Powless, Llayton Sowden and Shako Swamp each put singles up, but the period ended with a 5-8 score for the Bengals with a final goal.

SIX NATIONS — The Six Nations Junior B Rebels have been paired with the Hamilton Bengals for their first tier playoff run. With their first games had last week, it’s hoped the Rebels will bite back to seal a win this Thursday in Game 3. TRT STAFF

By the third, the Rebels put up two more by Anahilis Doxtatar. Nearing the end of the period,

Landon General put a final goal away but the Rebels couldn’t close the gpa. This closed the game at 7-10 for

the Bengals. The next scheduled playoff match for the Rebels falls on Thursday,

June 30 away from home at the Valley Park Arena at 8:00pm EST for Game 3.

Rivermen play away from home until June 18

But come the second period, the James Gang put away four fast goals and took a quick lead. Marshall Powless came back with two more goals, and a third from Rodd Squire to put the game at 7-9 for the James Gang by the end. The third period opened for a hard come back as Leland Powless, Tye Argent, and Jordan Goddard with a double, put the score back in reach at 11-10. With four minutes remaining, the James Gang were able to muster a tie. For the over-time

period, the James Gang took the next goal, but the Rivermen saw four more goals as a sudden death play through was forgone. Jordan Goddard, Marshall Powless, Tye Argent and Aidin Buis each put away singles. This finished the game at 15-12 for the Rivermen. The next away game will take the Rivermen to the Collingwood Eddie Bush Memorial Arena on June 11 for game time at 8:00 p.m.. The Rivermen won’t play at their home arena until their game versus the Brooklin Merchants on June 18.

The next away game will take the Rivermen to the Collingwood Eddie Bush Memorial Arena on June 11 for game time at 8:00 p.m.. STAFF

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TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

17

Arrows shake league leaders with wins this week STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

SIX NATIONS —Visiting the Kinsmen Arena, the Six Nations Junior A Arrows met up with the Kitchener-Waterloo Junior A Lacrosse Club (KW), for another match away from home on Thursday, June 23. KW opened scoring with four goals minutes a part. Daylin John-Hill returned a single with anoth-er answer from KW by the end. This finished the first period 4-1 for KW. Coming into the second period KW put up a single, with Mitchell VanEvery and Rycol Davis putting two more on the board for the Arrows. With a response from KW, Mitchell VanEvery went for his second while Thunder Hill and Oneniotekowa Maracle closed the period with a tie 6-6. In the third, KW put up the first goal of the period as Ross Hill and Rycol Davis put two more up. With a final single from KW, the game ended 8-9 for KW. Tyler Davis put up a second goal for the Arrows, with two answers from the Athletics. Daylin John-Hill came through for his first, and Tyler Dave came with his second. Oneniotekowa Mara-cle put up a single,

SIX NATIONS — Two wins and one loss again, the Six Nations Junior A Arrows showcased strides in improvement as they took 1-goal deficit wins against two league leaders this past week. TRT STAFF

followed by and answer from the Athletics and another for the Arrows from Thunder Hill. This put the game at a 6-6 tie. But come the third period, the Arrows lost steam and the Athletics put up a shut out for a final of 6-10. The Arrows then welcomed the third place in league standings Oakville Buzz to the Toronto Rock Athletic Centre on Saturday, June 25. Off the bat, the Buzz put up the first goal, with an answer from Ross Hill. But the period closed with a single for the Buzz, standing the game at 1-2. The second period opened with two goals for the

Arrows both from Thunder Hill, with a single from the Buzz. The last of the period saw one more from Oneniotekowa Maracle for the Arrows, sitting the game at 4-3 for the visiting team. In the third period scoring opened again for the Buzz, but a response from Tyler Davis fi-nalized the win. This closed the game with a close 5-4 for the Arrows. On Sunday, June 26, the Arrows met up with another league leader in the Mimico Mountaineers at home within the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena. Scoring opened for the Arrows with a goal by Oneniotekowa Maracle,

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Support Indigenous Media

Hamilton Bulldogs advance to Memorial Cup final this Wednesday STAFF REPORT

editor@tworowtimes.com

TWO ROW TIMES

SAINT JOHN, NEW BRUNSWICK — The Hamilton Bulldogs are off to the Memorial Cup final this Wednesday, the team Six Nations own Brenden Anderson has played with since 2021. The Bulldogs advanced

by defeating the talented Shawinigan Cataractes 4-3 in overtime on Monday night in a semifinal that had three lead changes. The Bulldogs started the tournament with a pair of defeats, but will face the hosting Saint John Sea Dogs at Harbour Station arena on 6 p.m. ET for a chance to capture the ‘Men Cup.’ The Bulldogs first

game ended in a 5-3 final against the Sea Dogs, their second went to their opponent 3-2 the Shawinigan Cataractes, while their third went 4-2 for the Bulldogs defeating the Edmonton Oil Kings. The Memorial Cup is considered the most difficult trophy to win in higher-level hockey.

with three returns by the Mountaineers. An answer from Owen Vanloon gave way for one more from Thunder Hill for the Arrows on a power play. The Mountaineers closed the period with an answer, leaving the period 3-4 for the away team. The second period saw the first goal go to the Mountaineers, but Mitchell VanEvery and Ross Hill put singles up on the board. With an answer

from the Mountaineers, Ross Hill went again for another goal. Going back and forth, Matt Hamil and Thunder Hill provid-ed answers to the Mountaineers goals, with the period finishing at 8-9 for the Mountain-eers.Come the third period, the Mountaineers got things going with an initial goal, but Thunder Hill, Ross Hill (3), and Tyler Davis put the work in to take the lead.

Closing the period with the final goal of the game, it wasn’t enough to fix the deficit as the Arrows took an impressive win 13-12. The Arrows next home game will fall on Thursday, June 30, at 8:00 p.m., versus the Peterbor-ough Lakers. The Arrows will have an away game on Sunday, July 3 at 7:00 p.m., within the Ted Reeve Arena to pair them up against the Toronto Beaches.


18

TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

In their own words, the Haudenosaunee Nationals explain name change By TRT Staff with notes from haudenosauneenationals.com On June 22, the Haudenosaunee Nationals announced the roster for the World Games 2022 in Birmingham, Alabama. The announced roster includes Lyle Thompson, Jeremy Thompson, Cody Jamieson, Tehoka Nanticoke, Brendan Bomberry, Randy Staats, Kyle Jackson, Jake Fox, Ron John, Shonwahnonkon Thompson, Kason Tarbell and Warren Hill. But with a redirection link on their old website, the Haudenosaunee Nationals have taken on a more culturally and historically appropriate namesake and offered explanation. “The name ‘Iroquois’ is a French variant on a term for "snake" given to us by the Huron,” reads the published statement posted in May. "It is actually a derogatory term. As many of our people lost our language through forced assimilation

On June 22, the Haudenosaunee Nationals announced the roster for the World Games 2022 in Birmingham, Alabama. .

via government policies and residential boarding schools, the English name ‘Iroquois’ stuck. Many researchers over the years have used the term ‘Iroquois’ when writing about us. So when we formed a National Lacrosse Team

back in 1983, we used the name "Iroquois Nationals" since that is what most people knew us by. For 39 years we have referred to our team as the 'Iroquois Nationals.’ However, as our people have begun to revitalize our

languages and culture, we felt it was time to change our name to what we collectively call ourselves: ‘Haudenosaunee’ (hodee-no-show-nee) which translates to ‘People of the Longhouse.’ This name change is one of a series of

STAFF

actions we are taking as our people continue to regain what has been lost through colonialism. Thus, we are now called the Haudenosaunee Nationals and have begun the process of changing all touch-points affected by

our name change, including our website, social media accounts, jerseys, business cards, etc. There are a number of places, items, and products that are affected by this and it will take time to get all of them changed. In the mean time, we say ‘nya:weh' for your patience and support through this effort!” It should be noted that others from the Six Nations dispute the french 'snake' hypothesis completely and allege that the word Iroquois has legitmate roots. The Iroquois book of rites, uses the word Ierokwa to mean tobacco people, or they who smoke. Historian Horatio Hale wrote that he believed in "a possible origin in the Iroquois word garokwa ('pipe'. or 'string of tobacco'), Ierokwa ('they who smoke,' or tobacco people'), the Iroquois being well known to have cultivated tobacco. An additional alternative meaning is 'One smokes by which", a well known designation by the Huron tribe."

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TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022

Position SIX NATIONS COUNCIL Personal Support Worker Registered Practical Nurse Maintenance Worker Clinical Lead Clinical Services Worker Cultural Advisor Band Representative Admission/Concession Worker Archaeological Community Monitor Community Paramedic Technical Coordinator Assistant School Social Worker Assistant Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Knowledge Translation Coordinator Special Needs Resource Consultant Youth Life Promotion Advisor Maintenance Worker Intensive Gedeo Clinician Mental Wellness Assistant Water Plant Operator Receptionist/Filing Clerk Case Aid (4 positions) Maintenance Case Aid (2 positions) Children’s Worker Privacy Information Officer/Records Clerk Human Resources Administrative Assistant Financial Accountant-Analyst Administrative Assistant Intake/Screener Family Worker (2 positions) Early Childhood Development Worker Speech Language Pathologist

Employer/Location

Salary Closing Date Position Accounts Payable Officer

Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Administration, Social Services Home and Community Care, Health Services Clinical Services, Social Services Ogwanohgwatrea, Health Services Child and Family Services, Social Services Parks and Recreation Archaeology, Lands and Resources Paramedic Services, Health Services Paramedic Services, Health Services

Full Time Full Time Part Time Full Time Full Time Contract Full Time Part Time Contract Full Time Part Time

Kanikonriio Child and Youth Programs, Full Time Social Services Parks and Recreation Part Time Ogwanohgtrea, Health Services Contract Child Care Services, Social Services Contract (Maternity) Kanikonrii Child and Youth Programs, Full Time Social Services Stoneridge Day Care, Child Care Services, Full Time Social Services Community Crisis Response, Health Services Full Time Mental Health and Addictions, Health Services Contract Water/Sewer, Public Works Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Contract Ogwadeni:deo Casual Ogwadeni:deo Casual Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Contract Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Ogwadeni:deo Full Time Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time

Activity Supervisor Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Maintenance Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Registered Early Childhood Educator Child Care Services, Social Services SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT Electoral Officer – Purchase of Service Contract Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Fundraising Assistant Woodland Cultural Center Development Administrative Assistant Woodland Cultural Center Cultural Support Worker Six Nations Poly technic Executive Assistant to the President/CEO Six Nations Polytechnic Constable Trainee (Summer Student) Loans Manager

Term

Six Nations Police Two Rivers Community Development Center

Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays...Monday through Friday from 8:30-4:30pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken

Full Time Part Time Full Time Contract Full Time/ Contract Part Time Full Time/ Contract Full Time GREAT Student Full Time

$21.00/Hour TBD $19.00/Hour $75,000 to $80,000 Up to $60,000 TBD Up to $55,000 $16.00/Hour TBD $40.86/Hour $30.00 to $33.00/Hour $58,000 to $62,500 TBD TBD $27.00/Hour $45,000

June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 Supply Cook June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 Supervisor – ECC June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 July 6, 2022 July 6, 2022 July 6, 2022 July 6, 2022

TBD

July 6, 2022

TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD $68,000 to $73,000 TBD TBD TBD

July 6, 2022 July 6, 2022 July 6, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022

TBD $15.00/Hour TBD TBD $70,000 to $80,000 TBD $85,000 to $95,000

July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 July 13, 2022 June 27, 2022 June 27, 2022 June 27, 2022 June 28, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 29, 2022 June 30, 2022

19

Employer/Location Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Financial Assistant – Lifelong Learning

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Human Resources/Administration Clerk Project Administrative Assistant Fund Development Associate Seasonal Lawn Maintenance Cashiers Construction Teacher RECE Maawdoo Maajaamin Child Care Supervisor - Maawdoo Maajaamin Child Care Anishinaabemowin Instructor Ekwaamjigenang Children’s Centre (ECC) Trustee - 6N Public Library Board School Bus Monitor School Bus Driver Retail Clerk, the Marketplace and Cafe Child Care Assistant Summer Student - Administration – Clerical Support ECC Junior Assistants (1-3) Chief Financial Officer

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Woodland Cultural Centre Woodland Cultural Center Ohsweken Speedway Styres Gas Bar Six Nations Polytechnic Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Project Administrative Assistant Accounting Support Clerk Digital Archivist Operations Manager Forestry Labourer Ground Maintenance Worker Gas Bar Attendant Chiefswood Park Attendant

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Six Nations Public Library Sharp Bus Lines Limited Sharp Bus Lines Limited Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Term

Salary Closing Date

Full Time/ Permanent $40,297.50 to $56,821.50 Casual/ Contract $16.90 to $23.49/Hour Full Time/ Permanent $51,313.50 to $73,345.50 Full Time/ Permanent $43,969.50 to $62,329.50 Contract/ GREAT Student $16.00/ Hour Full Time TBD Full Time TBD Contract/ Full Time $16.00/ Hour Part Time TBD Full Time/ Contract TBD Full Time/ Permanent $40,297.50 to $56,821.50 Full Time/ Permanent $51,313.50 to 73,345.50 Full Time/ Permanent $36,662.50 $51,350.50 B.O.D. TBD Part Time TBD Part Time TBD Contract/ GREAT Student $16.00/Hour Contract/ GREAT Student $16.00/Hour Contract/ GREAT Student $16.00/Hour Contract/ GREAT Student $16.00/Hour Full Time/ Permanent $100,000 to $115,000 Full Time TBD Contract $22.00/Hour GREAT Student $15.00/Hour Full Time TBD Summer Student TBD Summer Student TBD Part Time TBD Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to $20.00/Hour Full Time/ Permanent $30,000 to $49,712.00 Full Time TBD

June 30, 2022 June 30, 2022 June 30, 2022 June 30, 2022 June 30, 2022 July 3, 2022 July 3, 2022 July 07, 2022 July 07, 2022 July 7, 2022 July 7, 2022 July 7, 2022 July 7, 2022 July 23, 2022 July 23, 2022 July 23, 2022 Until Fil ed Until Fil ed Until Fil ed Until Fil ed Until Fil ed

Woodland Cultural Centre Until Fil ed Indspire Until Fil ed Kawenní:io/Gawení:yo Private School Until Fil ed Kayanase Until Fil ed Kayanase Until Fil ed Kayanase Until Fil ed Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Until Fil ed Six Nations of the Grand River Until Fil ed Development Corporation Tourism Coordinator Six Nations of the Grand River Until Fil ed Development Corporation Business Development Financial Analyst Six Nations of the Grand River Until Fil ed Development Corporation Bingo Hall Cook Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to Until Fil ed Development Corporation $20.00/Hour Bingo Sales Representative Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ Permanent $18.00 to Until Fil ed Development Corporation $20.00/Hour Technical Support First Nations Engineering Services GREAT Student $15.00/Hour Until Fil ed Cleaner Ohsweken Speedway Full Time $16.00/Hour Until Fil ed The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at www.greatsn.com! To apply for funding, book your intake appointment with an ETC by calling 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1-888 218-8230 or email us at info@greatsn.com. Phone: 519.445.2222 Fax: 519.445.4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230 www.greatsn.com


20 18

TWO TWOROW ROW TIMES TIMES

ATTN:

June 29th, 2022 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 2014

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TWO ROW TIMES TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022 26

ATTN:

21 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH, 2022

send notices to ads@tworowtimes.com Buck and Doe

In Memoriam Jesse April 5, 1979 & Lily Porter - June 29, 1986

Mom & Father Porter To our loving Mom & Dad Porter There is a bridge of memories From here to Heaven above. It keeps you very close to us, It is called a Bridge of Love. We know the terrible heartache Of what your parting caused But God in all his glor Gained what we have lost. You gave us many things in life Gifts both great and small. But most of all you gave us love The greatest gift of all. Love always, The Porter family

JUNE 2022 - BRIGHTENING The SPIRIT BREAKING The SILENCE Of SUICIDE COMMITTEE Community organization. Community driven. Focus is on recovery pathways to healing from the loss and grief that encompasses trauma and tragedy of suicide, but, anyone feeling lonely and sad from losing a loved one is welcome. In past years we have offered supportive sharing circles, leatherworks, t-shirt quilting, pottery making, painting classes, journaling, and a 8-week recovery pathway that deals with unresolved emotions. This year, we are excited to offer a ... Language Camp combining Cayuga & Mohawk language learning through various games and fun activities. Here is a brief overview ... July 25th - Supper & Introductions 6-8 pm; July 26th - 28th from 10 am- 2 pm ... activities-lunch - activities! Camp is Free! Registration open for 10 families ... last date to register is July 15th. Please call (519) 445-4204 to register.

B uck & Doe In support of

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July 2nd 2022

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Hank's Place - 3675 4th Line for tickets text (289) 808-8068

drinks, snacks, games & raffles


22 37

ATTN: ATTN:

TWO TWO ROW ROW TIMES TIMES

June 20TH, 29th, 2022 2022 WEDNESDAY, APRIL

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Obituaries

Celebration of LIfe

MT.PLEASANT: David Isaac SR

Celebration of Life Announcement

At Juravinski Hospital in Hamilton on Saturday June 25, 2022 at 1:30PM, David Mt.Pleasant age 62 years. Partner of Tammy Hill. Father of Melissa Mt.Pleasant, Hilary Mt.Pleasant, David Isaac Jr. Mt.Pleasant, and the late Bailey Mt.Pleasant, Kailey, and Andrew. Brother of Carol, Donna, Brenda, Janice, Larry, Scott, and the late Jeff. Special Uncle of Cody, McKenzie, Calvin, Garrett, Brett, Brianna, Kiana, Nicole, and Shannon. Predeceased by parents Frank & Ruth Mt.Pleasant. Survived by many nieces and nephews. Grandfather of Robert Mt.Pleasant. Resting at #1938 4th Line after 4pm. Sunday June 26th until Thursday June 30th at 11am. Cremation to follow. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken. www.rhbanderson.com

Please join us in celebrating the life of Steve Maracle (1964-2022). We will be eating some of his favorite dishes and sharing memories to celebrate his journey. Feel free to bring an instrument for a casual jam session and a story to share in Steve’s memory.

Hill’s Snack Bar Come and enjoy the excellent food that Hill’s Snack Bar is famous for!

Vacation Bible School

Daily Vacation Bible School Medina Bap*st Church – 400 Chiefswood Rd Monday July 4th – Friday July 8th (10:00am-11:30am) Bible Stories, CraHs, Bible Memoriza*on, Prizes Welcoming Children 4-12 Years of Age

Saturday July 9th Church Picnic 12:00pm – 3:00pm

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905-765-1331 3345 6th Line Road, Six Nations


TWO TWOROW ROWTIMES TIMES

June 29th, 19TH, 2022 2018 DECEMBER

CLUES ACROSS 1. Basics 4. In a new way 10. __ Paulo, city 11. Jailhouse 12. Expresses surprise 14. Trigraph 15. A small stream 16. Dissimilar 18. Promote 22. Gives a boost 23. Lawmaker 24. Orthodox Jews 26. Actor Harris 27. Wild cherry 28. Participate in democracy 30. Opposite of begins 31. A Brit’s mother 34. Set of moral principles 36. Very fast airplane 37. Czech river 39. Private school in New York 40. Israeli dance 41. Electron volt 42. Adjusting 48. Duct by the bladder 50. Small burger 51. Begin again 52. Unstuck 53. Jai __, sport 54. Get free of 55. For instance 56. Hotel chain 58. A team’s best pitcher 59. Extracts from various sources 60. Indefinite period of time

23 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Aries, you are on fire lately. There’s seemingly nothing you touch that won’t turn to gold afterward. This trend will continue, but try not to let it go to your head. TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 Taurus, unless you take swift action, you could be heading for a financial free-fall. Start to pull back spending for a while and see if the situation will right itself.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 It’s time to make amends with someone who did you wrong, Gemini. Life is too short to hold grudges, and this person has mended his or her ways since. CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, when plans change on a dime, you are ready to roll with the new situation. Higher-ups could get a peek at your quick thinking, which can land you a promotion.

CLUES DOWN 1. St. Francis of __ 2. Supported 3. United in working 4. It cools your home 5. Predicting 6. Irritated 7. Popular talk show host 8. Fabric edge 9. A resource for employees 12. Broadway’s Jackman 13. Small water buffalo 17. City of Angels: __ Angeles 19. Asteroids 20. Tailless amphibians 21. German expressionist painter 25. What drives you 29. N. Vietnamese ethnic group

Answers for June 29th, 2022 Crossword Puzzle

31. Gold coin used in British India 32. Have deep affection for 33. Ponds 35. Breaks between words 38. Hairstyle 41. Print errors 43. Family of iron alloys 44. Sidelined in bed 45. Many couples say it 46. Brazilian hoopster 47. Allman Brothers late frontman 49. German city 56. One hundred grams (abbr.) 57. One billionth of a second (abbr.)

SUDOKU

LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Make the most of every opportunity that comes your way this week, Leo. You may not get many chances to prove your worth in the weeks to come, so it’s important to act now. VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, it is important to remember that your online presence never goes away. Watch what you post and say in social media groups, as it could come back to bite you.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Something that started out as a part-time venture could turn into much more, Libra. Figure out if this is the path you see yourself going and then jump on it.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Let loose and have fun for a change, Scorpio. Don’t delay when others want to invite you out for a night on the town or even a brunch. Say “yes” to any and all opportunities. SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 There’s a lot going on right now and it may have your head spinning, Sagittarius. Delegate some of your workload if you can. Don’t be too hard on yourself.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Family matters come to the forefront this week, Capricorn. You must dig in deep to address them. There are two sides to every story, so try to get all the facts first.

AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 Just when you started to lose hope, that new horizon you were seeking comes into view, Aquarius. It is well-deserved and there will be smiles for the weeks ahead. PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Pisces, if you find yourself with too much extra time on your hands, why not volunteer with the community to pass the time?

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TWO ROW TIMES

June 29th, 2022