Two Row Times, December 1, 2021

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December 1, 2021

keeping you informed.

Burlington air cadet squadron seeks guidance People with health needs DONNA DURIC


In a rare display of reconciliation, a new captain with a Burlington air cadet squadron took the initiative to seek guidance from Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council over its questionable logo and nickname. Captain Stephen Young, of the 715 Mohawk Squadron with the Royal Canadian Air Cadets, said when he took over as captain, he noticed the name and crest and felt, in light of nationwide efforts toward peace and reconciliation, he should seek the guidance of people from the community on the appropriateness of the logo. The logo features what appears to be an Indigenous chief, with a feathered headpiece, set against a backdrop of a Canadian maple leaf. Young also asked if using the word “Mohawk” was appropriate. “I wanted to renew that permission or at least discuss if the community was comfortable with the use of that name,” he said. If they retain that name, he said, they’d like to maintain some sort of connection with the community, which could mean things like educational visits to Six Nations for its sqaudron. Young said he believed

the crest was problematic. He said it was drawn by a Six Nations person but times change. “I want to make sure we don’t have a crest that’s disrespectful in any way and that we honour any connections we have.” In terms of the name, he said, “For context, I believe the name is a reference to Joseph Brant. I want to make sure we’re doing everything we can to be respectful.” Joseph Brant is a legendary Mohawk Chief whose homestread is at a prominent intersection in Burlington overlooking Lake Ontario. “Thanks for the approach and knowing where to go and who to talk to,” Coun. Nathan Wright told him during last week’s general council meeting. “It’s certainly appreciated.” Coun. Wendy Johnson said Six Nations has many nations, with Mohawk being just one of them. She also pointed out that there are other Mohawk nations in Ontario and that just asking Six Nations wouldn’t be inclusive. She suggested he speak with the Six Nations Veterans Association for their input. “When I look at the logo…there’s a lot going on in that logo,” she said. “It’s not only the headpiece, the picture itself, you’ve got the Canada flag behind it, the crown on it…colonial

history. Talking about reconciliation, there’s a bit of a contradiction going on there.” She said it was beyond her to okay the use of the name and she suggested meeting with the Haudenosaunee Confederacy Chiefs Council, as well. Coun. Helen Miller said she had no problem with the name. “If you look in the phonebook, there’s all kinds of things named with Mohawk. Mohawk Mechanical, Mohawk this, Mohawk that, so I don’t have any problem with the name. I’m not so sure about the crest. I couldn’t see the significance of the crest. Was that supposed to be a Mohawk Chief? I don’t know what council approved it.” She said none of the councils she’s sat on in the past 18 years had approved it that she could remember. “I don’t have a problem with the name but I do have a bit of questions about the crest. When I seen it, I was kind of taken aback a bit. I was trying to think what it had to do with cadets. It’s gotta be a Mohawk Chief. I’m assuming that’s what it is. I don’t know what that has to do with cadets. It’s up to a lot of people. I don’t support the crest.” She said it was up to them if they wanted to take it to the community or Haudenosaunee Confederacy Chiefs Council. Young said when he

started his role, his biggest concern was the crest. “I look at the crest and I feel like it is not respectful. I feel like it’s a PR issue, mostly, for us. The centre of the crest we can change.” However, the outside, he said, is a fixed frame. “I think there may be an issue with the name. I want to know where I can appropriately go to fix these issues.” Coun. Wright also suggested a visit with Six Nations veterans. “As both Helen and Wendy pointed out, there should be others weighing in on this. I really like the suggestion of utilizing the First Nation veterans that are out there because they’ve lived and breathed all of this. We just want to make sure all perspectives are covered going forward.” In terms of the image of an Indigenous Chief in the crest, Young guessed that it came from the fact Burlington has a strong affinity for legendary Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant, whose homestead is in a prominent location in the city. He said he was hesitant to change it without consultation from Indigenous groups. “I think the crest is problematic. The name, I don’t know what to say.” Most councillors agreed that the crest was not appropriate.

faced hurdles to care, survey suggests STAFF REPORT


About half of Canadians in need of health care had difficulty accessing services during the first year of the COVID-19 crisis, a new report by Statistics Canada suggests, and one expert warns such disruptions could pose serious medical problems down the line. The findings released Tuesday are based on the responses of 25,268 adults in 10 provinces _ including 6,517 Indigenous individuals _ to a survey last spring about the pandemic's impacts on health care. The data showed 49 per cent of respondentswith medical needs reported difficultyaccessing care between March 2020 and May 2021. Nearly one in 10 participants who needed health care services reported that they couldn't book at least one appointment, and 28 per cent said scheduled services were cancelled, moved or delayed. Statistics Canada noted that 85 per cent of respondents said they got the health care they needed in spite of these hurdles,

while the remaining 15 per cent did not receive at least one required service, such as a consultation with a specialist or an appointment with a family doctor. Four out of five people who experienced difficulties accessing care indicated that it negatively impacted their life. Among those affected, 20 per cent reported that their condition worsened and their overall health deteriorated. The survey also found 30 per cent of participants with health concerns said they put off seeking medical attention, with COVID-19 concerns ranking among the top reasons for delays. Gregory Marchildon, a health policy professor at University of Toronto, said the fallout of these pandemic-related gaps in care should become evident in years to come. Marchildon said some patients may suffer irreversible damage because of delayed diagnoses, predicting a rise in late-stage cancers and complications from chronic illnesses. ``It will inevitably have an impact,'' he said. ``There are bound to be some serious issues that will crop up later.''





December 1, 2021

Council moves to fully open schools despite high Covid case count STAFF REPORT


Winter is approaching, Six Nations has the highest per capita Covid positivity rate in the province, and a new Covid variant has emerged. In spite of that, Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council agreed at last week’s general council meeting to remove cohorts (staggered class sizes) and fully re-open federal schools on the reserve by Dec. 6. The recommendation came from the incident management team on the Six Nations Emergency Control Group, which was created last year to respond to the pandemic. Travis Anderson, director of federal schools, said teachers would use the Dec. 3 professional activity to prep for a full re-opening on Dec. 6, when the entire student population begins attending classes together again. Currently, alternating cohorts of students attend schools, with days off in between, to allow for less densely-packed classrooms. “The plan is to bring them all back together,” said Anderson. The re-opening plan has a number of Covid-safety protocols in place, including continued masking, dividers during lunch and close-proximity teaching, and promoting physical distancing wherever possible. There will also be a continued “online academy” for those who choose to continue to learn remotely. Some restrictions have already been relaxed this year, including re-opening school gyms to make school “more enjoyable” for the kids. There are mask breaks throughout the day but under the new plan, certain restrictions will still remain in place: no school sports, no assemblies, and no field trips. “We’re trying to lessen some of those restrictions with the guidance from Ohsweken Public Health,” said Anderson.

They’ll also continue outdoor learning as much as possible and continue allowing only essential staff into the schools. There is also a continued focus on handwashing procedures and guidelines. A new “wellness” agreement will have to be signed by parents with the re-opening plan. Not all students went back to school this past September, after being closed for a year and a half. About eight per cent of students still learn remotely instead of attending school. There has also been no evidence of community spread of Covid from students attending Six Nations schools, said Anderson. What’s more, the majority of staff (97 per cent) are double vaccinated. Anderson said the safety measures currently in place are working. “We feel it’s safe and now is the time to increase capacity.” Public health nurse Lacey VanEvery said there hasn’t been a case of transmission within the schools yet. “I’m not saying that’s not going to happen. We have a population that is currently unvaccinated and the risk of transmission with this Delta variant is higher.” The word “outbreak” doesn’t mean the school has to close down, she said, and it just signals that public health needs to keep an eye on the location. When it comes to entirely shutting down a school, she said, “That is a decision that will not be taken lightly. We really don’t want to get into a situation of a school closure if we don’t have to. We’re still learning a lot with Covid.” She said vaccinations for those aged five to 11, which Health Canada approved in late November 19, is “an added layer of protection. We are working to offer clinics to this age population.” Clinics for youth vaccinations on Six Nations opened on Nov. 26, with another one scheduled for Dec. 3. “We understand there’s some hesitation for vacci-

nations in this age population because it is a younger population,” said VanEvery. “We feel that vaccinations and what we’re seeing in the adult population…it’s lessening the severity of the illness. They are essentially working. There’s a lot of good data for those in this age population.” At least one councillor had concerns with the re-opening, citing a recent spike in positive cases on Six Nations. “In looking at our numbers, I’m very concerned,” said Coun. Helen Miller. “We have 43 cases and there’s 115 in isolation. It seems our numbers are starting to climb again. If the numbers keep climbing, are the schools going to still keep opening?” She also said the community seems to be flouting Covid safety precautions. “People are having big birthday parties and buck and does,” she said, adding that she believes large gatherings taking place could be why the numbers are climbing so high again. “There really needs to be strong messaging to get the community to take this seriously,” said VanEvery. “We have been met with some resistance from some community members. We’re not quite over it. We still have a ways to go. You gotta take the symptoms seriously. It’s the gathering that are getting us in hot water right now. You just never know who could be a carrier there. I think everybody is just at their wit’s end with this pandemic.” Currently, less than 50 per cent of the community has received both shots of one of the Covid vaccines. Coun. Johnson said the solution lies in vaccinations. “It comes down to vaccinations. That’s what’s really going to help us. You look at any study around the world, it’s vaccinations. That’s where our concentration has to be.” Council did not respond to questions from the Two Row Times regarding the new Omicron variant or raising its Covid alert level in light of the recent spike in cases.




December 1, 2021

AFN announces 13 delegates to meet Pope Francis at the Vatican By TRT Staff A chief and residential school survivor says he will be looking for justice and healing when he leads the Assembly of First Nations delegation to meet with Pope Francis next month at the Vatican. ``We do this to seek true reconciliation,'' Norman Yakeleya, Assembly of First Nations regional chief for the Northwest Territories, said Thursday. ``We pray to God, we pray that the Holy Father will do the right thing.'' On Thursday, the AFN announced 13 delegates, including Yakeleya, will be going to the Vatican from Dec. 14 to 21. Those chosen represent First Nations across the country and include residential school survivors and two youth delegates. Wilton Littlechild from Alberta, who was a commissioner for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, will be the spokesperson.

The group will have a one-hour meeting with the Pope on Dec. 20 when they expect to talk about different themes including the 10 principles of reconciliation and unmarked graves at the sites of former residential schools. There will also be Metis and Inuit delegations, which will have separate one-hour meetings with the Pope. The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops will cover travel costs. Yakeleya said when he was a child in a residential school in Inuvik, he never imagined in his wildest dreams that he would be able to talk to the Pope or hold him accountable. He said the group will ask Pope Francis to deliver an apology for the Catholic Church's role in residential schools. But, he said, the discussion must go further because ``it's also important to think about what happens in a post-apology world.'' ``Only God knows what

the Holy Father will say to us,'' Yakeleya said. Over a century, an estimated 150,000 Indigenous children were forced to attend residential schools. More than 60 per cent of the schools were run by the Catholic Church. Calls for the Pope to apologize for the church's role in the schools intensified since the discovery last spring of hundreds of unmarked graves at former residential school sites. The delegation's theme is how Indigenous Peoples and the Catholic Church can come together toward healing and reconciliation. Last month, the Vatican announced that Pope Francis is also willing to make a visit to Canada. Former AFN national chief Phil Fontaine from Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba said he hopes Pope Francis will commit to an apology in Canada during the delegation's visit to Rome.


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December 1, 2021


Six Nations approves $4.5 million flood remediation plan DONNA DURIC


Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council has agreed to move forward with a flood mitigation plan for the territory but coming up with the funding will be a challenge. Council approved the $4.5 million project at last week’s general council meeting. The approval includes spending $200,000 of Six Nations’ money with the suggestion to seek the funding shortfall from the federal Small Communities Fund, a $109 million federal infrastructure program. The plan is the result of five years of study on two major creeks in the community prone to flooding: McKenzie Creek and Boston Rogers Creek. The flood mitigation strategy will develop accurate stream flows to model flood levels, prepare a flood plain map with flood lines delineated, prepares a list of flood-impacted sites (flood damage centres), identifies a list of remedial solutions to mitigate flooding, and identifies projects for the flood remediation program. As part of the study, Greenland Group surveyed all the culverts and bridge crossings on the territory. They put in stream flow guages and weather guages during the study. Greenland did a cost-benefit analysis to determine whether it would cost more to implement flood protection measures than it would cost to fix the damage that could be caused by flooding as it happens. “When you go to secure funding, the province will want to know how you did your calculations,” said Greenland Group Senior Associate Engineer Don Moss. There were five flood damage centres identified on McKenzie Creek. Most of the flooding occurred on the creek’s tributaries, said Moss. Those sections are located upstream on Third Line, downstream on Third Line, at Fourth Line Road and Seneca Road, in the village of Ohsweken near Iroquois Lodge, at the sanitary pump station on

Fourth Line, and a berm at the sewage lagoon. They suggested ditch improvements and culvert upgrades to minimize the impacts for some areas. During the study they found driveway culverts were backing up flows near Fourth Line and Seneca Road and when they got opened up, it reduced flood levels significantly. Annual damage costs estimated for the five flood areas were just over $605,000, with the majority, about $466,000, occurring during flooding near the Six Nations health centre and Iroquois Lodge parking lots. A cost-benefit analysis showed that repairs save the community millions of dollars over a 50-year timespan through mitigation measures, as opposed to fixing the damage as it happens.

Six Nations will be controlling some of the flood areas of the territory in the years to come.

Some of the repair suggestions include French tile installation, channel improvements, ditch improvements, culvert replacements, asphalt re-

instatement and individual home improvements. The flood-prone areas of Boston and Rogers Creek include Mississauga Road, Third Line west of


Smoothtown, Onondaga Road north of Second Line, Second Line west of the Ojibway Road and Cayuga Road intersection, and the Industrial Park at First Line

Road. Some of the diversion methods for those areas were prohibitively expensive and were screened out early, said Moss. They looked instead at flood-proofing several homes, as well as some culvert and ditch improvements, for those areas. The next steps will include conducting topographical and geotechnical surveys before finalizing designs and putting out tenders. Greenland Group suggested council make an application to the Small Communities Fund to help fund the construction of the flood mitigation strategy. The project will cost $4.25 million, with Six Nations agreeing to find the $200,000 portion of the funds.




December 1, 2021

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Imagine being assaulted by your partner, having the bravery to tell someone what has happened, and then to have members of your own community gaslight you and silence your voice for expressing heartbreak that the person who harmed you is not being held accountable for his actions. That’s exactly what one Six Nations woman says she is facing after going public on social media regarding harm she endured at the hands of her partner – and the difficulty she’s faced in holding him accountable for his actions. A video posted to the woman’s Facebook page shows an altercation during which her partner assaults her, shoving her after she tried to secure their infant into a car seat in the middle row of a vehicle in their driveway. The camera, stationed on their front porch, shows her walking toward the passenger seat, where more scuffling is evident, but the body movements are mostly hidden behind the porch’s top railing. The woman says she reported the incident to Six Nations Police and soon afterward she says her partner was picked up by Land Back Lane spokesperson Skyler Williams, who brought him to the Land Back Lane site in Caledonia. The woman says her partner is now wanted by police for domestic assault and says he has been hiding from police at the Land Back Lane site ever since the incident, which she shared on social media in October. De facto leaders at Land Back Lane know the individual is wanted by police. They know what he’s done. And nothing is

being done about it. In fact, quite the opposite. On Land Back Lane’s official Facebook page — administrators posted a video of the wanted man behind a barricade on a portion of the Highway 6 bypass, mocking OPP by using a traditional rattle to taunt officers, singing “OPP, looking for me”. The woman who was harmed says that video left her aghast, shocked, dismayed and heartbroken. When community members attempted to alert page administrators that the man in the video is wanted by police for domestic assault, they responded saying, “Shame on all of you for using this platform for attacking a land defender.” Administrators admitted to seeing the video of the man assaulting his partner and said, “it’s not related to nor happened at landback and is his business, not ours”. Administrators then stated that “if u continue to try to bash our land defenders I will have no choice but to block you, use your own social platform for defamation of character, landback isn’t about it”. The following day, the page posted an image saying, “1492 landback Lane is about unity. Attack one and watch the rest of us stand!! Love to all warriors across turtle Island!!” Why is the call for accountability in a domestic assault being re-branded into a rallying cry and turned into an “us against them” issue? In what world is violence against an Ongwehonwe woman acceptable or defensible? When did the balance of power at Land Back Lane become

so extreme that anyone who dares protect a vulnerable community member becomes a target of more violence from a certain element at Land Back Lane? Are there efforts at Land Back Lane to protect anyone wishing to evade police, not connected to land defence? Land Back Lane supporters defending someone wanted for domestic assault should be ashamed of themselves. Especially for claiming to stand up for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls while simultaneously and publicly gaslighting an Indigenous woman in her own community — turning a blind eye to violence being perpetrated here at home. That sort of hypocrisy cannot be tolerated by this community. It is dark stories like these that perpetrate our pain. The sorts of tales that everyone is talking about behind closed doors but no one dares to bring into the light. This isn’t the first time figures at Land Back Lane have tried to intimidate anyone who questions their actions or express an opinion slightly different than the ones they hold. Two Row Times was threatened with being “shut down” (as in, physically barricading the building) a few months ago for an editorial regarding the Haudenosaunee Confederacy Chiefs Council. The editorial was misinterpreted as being “against” the HCCC (it wasn’t) and so, in response, their only solution was to exhibit violence towards fellow community members (yes, the owners of the Two Row Times are 100 per cent Ongwehonwe)

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@tworowtimes Their constant solution is to “shut people up” who don’t think in the exact same manner as they do. To close down a building, or block a road, and put fellow community members out of work – people who are trying to feed their families and feel just as passionate about land rights and social injustices against Indigenous people as they do – because they didn’t toe the Land Back line. That is not the Haudenosaunee way. We are not violent enforcers of thought control. That is something colonizers did to us. And now we’re doing it to each other. We all know the word for this eternally tiresome behaviour – lateral violence – and it has got to stop. The dispossession of lands has been at the core of almost every socio-economic ill facing Indigenous people on Turtle Island. There is anger, there is violence, there is poverty, there is substance abuse, there is family dysfunction, and there is an overwhelming sense of injustice that we all feel. We get it. Fighting for the integrity of the land and our rights to it is a good thing. The passion of land defenders and water protectors is evident and we wholeheartedly agree with that passion. It is a birthright that every Indigenous person must walk through and every Indigenous individual has to reconcile how they will carry out that responsibility, and decide what they are willing to do with it. But that passion must be reigned in and channeled correctly. No matter how you choose to defend the land

— abusing an Indigenous woman, and then victimizing her twice by gaslighting her and her friends on social media and intimidating them with threats if they say something again, is not acceptable in any way, shape or form. Now, the narrative is again being manipulated — changing the subject from holding the man accountable to claims that any person who seeks to support the woman who was harmed is “against Land Back Lane”. Nobody wants to be seen as a turncoat who is “against Land Back Lane.” So in effect, that shuts people up. We are all land defenders. No one owns the movement. And let’s not allow deflections to attempt to change the subject here. This isn’t about the Land Back movement. This is about protection. Protecting an Indigenous woman, her right to seek comfort and healing in her own community, her need to be seen, heard and her experience validated by her own people. It’s about protecting spaces where Indigenous women assert their rights to the land. It’s about abuse, it’s about gaslighting, it’s about lateral violence, and it’s about accountability. If Land Back Lane supporters, leadership and their spokesperson Skyler Williams truly support efforts to protect Indigenous Women and Girls and prevent them from becoming counted among the missing and murdered — they must do the right thing and convince his fellow land defender to turn himself in and get the help he needs. To take advantage of the many men’s programs offered here in the community.

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Land Back Lane leadership needs to issue a strong and resounding statement that Every Life Matters on Six Nations – the women, the children, and everyone in the community, regardless of how much time they spend at the Land Back Lane site, or what thoughts they share about it on social media – it all matters. We spoke to Skyler Williams Tuesday night to ask him for comment about the domestic assault and individual wanted by police, that the woman harmed claims Skyler picked up and drove to the Land Back Lane site. He said he was not aware of the situation and said “I don’t know what people do on their personal time”. Williams said, “When it comes to people’s personal stuff, I’ve been out west for the last month or so. I’m just catching up.” He went on to say that as spokesperson he can only say what the group wants him to say but later added that he was frustrated that this matter was being discussed, “with all the land defence stuff that’s going on all across this country, it’s just really sad that this is what we’re talking about here.” “My deepest apologies to anyone who feels unsafe here,” said Williams. Williams speaks about unity frequently. There is no unity in lateral violence. There is no unity in turning a blind eye to domestic violence, or trying to deflect, re-direct and change the subject so that we stop talking about a wanted man being held accountable for domestic violence and making sure Land Back Lane is accountable for keeping a safe space for everyone. There is no unity in shutting voices down.

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December 1, 2021


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December 1, 2021

Ungodly Alliance - PART IV - Canada’s dirty little secret In this, the final installment of “Ungodly Alliance”, we talk with Rev. Dr. Wendy Fletcher, who served as the Anglican Church’s, Huron Diocese historian and researcher before taking the job as Dean and Principal of the Vancouver School of Theology. Several pleas by government-appointed doctors who were given the task of assessing the health of residential school students called for much closer attention to be paid to the health and welfare of children within the system, but they all fell on deaf ears. One communication which is found within the Anglican Archives and dated Sunday, January 27, 1907, between lawyer S.H. Blake and Frank Oliver, Minister of the Interior, warns Oliver of possible liability for the frightening situation regarding the number and frequency of deaths of Native children in Canada’s Indian schools. The letter states, “doing nothing to obviate the preventable causes of death

... it was in the unpleasant nearness to the charge of manslaughter.” The total of money being spent for healthcare on the entire Native student population within Canada was only one-third of that being spent on the citizens of Ottawa alone. This was despite clear knowledge of the health concerns and death rates within the residential schools system. Secretary of the Indian Department, J.D. McLean, received a letter from J. Woodsworth, Principal of the Red Deer Industrial School, in which he calls the conditions at his school, “nothing less than criminal ... We have no isolation ward and no hospital equipment of any kind.” He reports that “the dead, the dying, the sick and the convalescent, were all together” in the same unventilated dorms. The same practice seemed to be entrenched as policy in all residential schools across Canada, including the Mohawk Institute. He pleaded with the department to do something as soon as possible since,

“at present, it is a disgrace.” Even in death, there was no dignity offered the victims of the system. Woodsworth told McLean that, to conserve costs, the dead children were being buried two to a grave. There is a chilling letter in the Canadian archives from a young Indian boy, which was intercepted and forwarded to Minister of Indian Affairs, Duncan Campbell Scott. The child, only known as Edward B, wrote his parents saying, “We are going to tell you how we are treated. I am always hungry. We only get two slices of bread and one plate of porridge. Seven children ran away because they’re hungry. I am not sick. I hope you are the same too. I am going to hit the teacher if she is cruel to me again. We are treated like pigs, some of the boys eat cats and wheat. I never ask anyone to give me anything to eat. Some of the boys cried because they are hungry. Once I cry too because I was very hungry.” The cold-hearted Scott dismissed the letter order-

ing it not to be published because he considered it to be libelous. Sexual abuse was always close by at all residential schools right up to the closure of the last school in the late 1980s. Children were used for pleasure not only by some of the Principals and teachers but also by the support staffers and even financial donors. Forced sex was an all too normal form of punishment as well. Two British Columbia girls wrote of experiences they had with their Principal in a letter they gathered the courage to send directly to the B.C office of the Department of Indian Affairs. “He called me to his room. He says he’d strap me. He went into another room to get the strap. He told me to take off my jeans and my panty. Instead, I pulled it down to the knees. He tells me to kneel down. So I do. He gave me thirteen straps. He also waits a little moment every time I had the strap.... He puts his feet or I should say I had my body between his legs. That was kneeling down. Then

he lets me go. He waits a little after giving me the strap.” The second girl added her complaint to the page. “The first thing Father wanted me to go to his office so I did. He asks me a few questions. And then he brought me to the other office. He told me to kneel and then he pulled my skirt up and then pulled my pants down. He put my head between his legs and he started to give me the strap. I had the strap at 9:00 pm I had around 10 straps.” The letters seemed to disappear into a sea of denial and nothing was ever done. There were many other similar letters written over the years from schools across the country as well, but as late as 1990, the official response from the Department was, “We didn’t know.” In the case of Brantford’s Judge Hardy, who went on to become Ontario’s first Premier, the use of older, high school-aged Native girls by Brantford’s society families as part-

time housekeepers, many times resulted in unwanted pregnancies. There is also testimonial evidence that indicates Mohawk Institute Principal Zimmerman often took a few of the older, prettier, girls with him when he attended some of his “gentleman’s club” meetings. Some believe that is how Judge Hardy made initial contact with the Mohawk girl he admitted to impregnating. The resulting offspring were born at the Mush Hole, named Sarah Hardy, and lived almost her entire life there, first as a student, later as a teacher, all paid for by the good Judge Hardy. There are many reported cases of sexual abuse at the Mush Hole, and many of those victims are still alive today. But it doesn’t stop there. The fact is, the accumulated result of abuse in all of its forms, has seriously damaged a second, and in some cases, even a third generation of Six Nations families. “The legacy of the res-



December 1, 2021


Ungodly Alliance - PART IV continued idential schools is something that should be known by all Canadians and should no longer be hidden from history,” says Six Nations’ Leona Moses, who helped Dr. Fletcher for a time in her research. Bud Whiteye, a former columnist for the Brantford Expositor, who was also a resident at the Brantford school as a child, wrote a short but powerful book about his experiences at the “Mush Hole” including being abused by the school’s janitor in the furnace room. In one of his last columns published in the Expositor before the paper was sold to the Sun Media Group, he wrote about how he and the other kids learned not to make eye contact with their abusers out of fear, or with their fellow students, out of shame. Whiteye is an Ojibwa from Walpole Island but was sent to the Mohawk Institute. This practice became a concern for one Walpole Island Principal who admitted in 1959 he had “qualms of conscience” about sending Walpole Island children to “the Mohawk” which by this

time had become more of a welfare shelter for children who had no proper home life and for troubled children rather than an institution of education. He worried about the effect on Walpole Island children mixing with” those children”, who “through no fault of their own, are a different type”. He feared they would be damaged by the troubled students at the Mohawk Institute, which, rightfully or not, had a bad reputation, even amongst other residential schools, as a catch-all for unwanted, mentally and emotionally disturbed kids. There is also on record a pamphlet distributed at a Residential School Principal’s Workshop held in Elliott Lake in 1966. A copy, which exists in the Anglican archives, describes the conditions at the Mush Hole where “90 percent of the children suffered from diet deficiency and this was evident in the number of boils, warts, and general malaise that existed within the school population.” The writer of the pamphlet was a former student at the school who later

became a broadcaster and federal civil servant. He describes “children at the M.I. eating from the swill barrel, picking out soggy bits of food that were intended for the pigs.” He said heads were routinely shaved because of lice. He also told of, what he called, “unusual beatings.” “I have seen Indian children having their faces rubbed in human excrement,” he wrote. “The normal punishment for bedwetters was to have your face rubbed in your own urine. Recaptured runaways were forced to run the gauntlet when they were struck with anything that was at hand.” He said he had “seen boys crying in the most abject misery and pain with not a soul to care.” Leona Moses, who was fortunate enough not to attend a residential school herself, but knows and has known many who have, talks about a large table with a floor-length table cloth on it where sexual abuses against young students took place regularly. According to stories told to Moses over the years,

to deflect the horror of what was happening to them, many of the children would write their names on the bottom of the table, sometimes while being abused. The table is still in use in the library of what is now the Woodland Cultural Centre in Brantford, and those names are still visible today if one were to look under it. One day, Moses noticed that a corner had been cut off the one end of the table to make it fit in its new location. She was appalled. “That table should be removed from the library and put in the museum, upside down with a sheet of glass or something to protect it, and where people can read the names,” says Moses. With the advent of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Dr. Wendy Fletcher is encouraged by the fact that the new chair of the Commission is John Milloy, who is the author of the book, “A National Crime”, which Fletcher calls “the quintessential book on the residential school's system in Canada.” But at the same time, she is concerned about wheth-

er the church and/or the government will allow the whole truth to be presented and recorded as a part of Canadian history. “The idea which lies behind the Truth and Reconciliation Commission holds the wisdom that assumes if we can confront the truth, speak the truth, and own the truth, then social and personal reconciliation and healing just might become possible,” says Fletcher. “But for reconciliation to be possible, the truth must be spoken and it must be heard. It must be received and acknowledged. The success or failure of the TRC will be realized in this movement: will those who have been harmed speak the truth, and will those who inherit the responsibility for having caused harm receive it, acknowledge it, let it stand as the record of history - our history as a nation.” She believes the revelations that could come from open and unabashed discussion and the release of documents she and others have collected from several sources on behalf of the Anglican Church’s Hu-

ron Diocese will pave the way to true reconciliation between residential school survivors and the government, as well as a healing of the church itself. “This, then, is the challenge for Canadian society,” she says. “Even in cases where we do not understand, are we willing to hear and acknowledge the truth of the other, such that we as a society may begin to move beyond what we have done, beyond what has happened, beyond where we are?” Fletcher had tried to encourage her church to reveal the findings of her research much earlier than now but without success. That frustration led, in part, to her decision to quit the research team, leave the Huron Diocese, and move to the west coast. She says that she could never understand why her former Bishop was so reluctant to reveal the truth. The current Bishop, Bishop Bennett, has very recently authorized the Diocese’s full cooperation with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and CONTINUED PAGE 20





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December 1, 2021

Real Christmas trees can help end a difficult year with good memories Ending the year on a high note, most expect this Holiday Season to be different in a good way JACE KOBLUN


It may not be Christmas-as-usual this year, but despite – or perhaps because of – 2021's unwelcome twists and turns, people say they're optimistic about the holiday season. In fact, in a survey of more than 2,000 adults last summer, 92 per cent expect Christmas to be different this year, and 91 per cent of those folks believe it will be different in a good way. A majority of respondents said it's important to purposefully create good memories, and 86 per cent agree that it's possible to make good memories even during bad times. Physically, people want to make their home a more pleasant place and emotionally, they want to make this Christmas more memorable and

Guidelines for safely celebrating Christmas and other holidays make no mention of real Christmas trees or any reason to be concerned they can transmit COVID-19. VIKTOR KHARLASHKIN

make it the best Christmas for their kids. Thirty-eight per cent expect the holiday to be less hectic this year and 35 per cent plan on creating new traditions. More than half of those surveyed said the pan-

demic has increased their desire to spend money on experiences rather than things. Toward that end, more than three-quarters said they think of real Christmas trees as an "experience" as opposed


to just a "product" and as "special" opposed to “normal.” By comparison, fewer feel the same way about artificial trees. In fact, 21 per cent of respondents who put up an artificial tree (or no tree at all) last year said that they are more likely to put up a real Christmas tree this year. Many explained that their switch to a real Christmas tree is a response to the pandemic and a resulting desire to add more cheer to their Christmas as they close out 2020. Of course, for many people the pandemic means less travel and smaller, perhaps masked and distanced, gatherings. Those accustomed to hosting extended friends and family may find things a bit quieter this year, and those accustomed to travelling over the river and through the woods might find themselves in a surprising

holiday location: their own home. According to the survey, among those likely to celebrate in a different place or way this year, 39 per cent report the change makes them more likely to buy a real tree. It's worth revisiting this recurring question especially for those thinking of converting from an artificial tree. Which is better for the environment? Well, consider three things: Natural – Real Christmas trees come from the earth and return to the earth; they are biodegradable, so they can be recycled or reused for mulch. Replenished – Real Christmas trees are grown to be harvested, just like pumpkins for Halloween or salad ingredients for dinner. For every real Christmas tree farmers harvest, they plant at least one new tree. There's no harm in taking a real Christmas tree home to enjoy. That's

what they're for. Easy on the earth – Research shows that real trees are much friendlier to the environment compared to artificial trees. Artificial trees have three times the impact on climate change and resource depletion. When disposed of, they sit in landfills for years. Guidelines for safely celebrating Christmas and other holidays make no mention of real Christmas trees or any reason to be concerned they can transmit COVID-19. Sources such as the State of New Jersey COVID-19 Information Hub and the American Floral Endowment state that there is no evidence that COVID-19 can infect a plant. Both make the point that plant cells differ from animal cells. Animals have cell membranes, which the COVID-19 particle can penetrate. Plant cells have very tough cell walls, which it cannot.

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The Honourable Pablo Rodriguez, Minister of Canadian Heritage, unveiled this year's Christmas Lights Across Canada programming on Nov. 19, allowing people across the country to celebrate the Canadian winter. From December 8 to January 7, 2022, a new multimedia projection will illuminate Parliament Hill and a national television show will unite Canadians for an evening. People in Canada's Capital Region can enjoy the new multimedia projection on Parliament Hill every evening from December 8 to January 7, free of charge. The 15-minute show will play on a loop from 5:30 p.m. to 11 p.m. It will combine digital imagery and music on the impressive backdrop of Parliament Hill's architecture. You'll see luminous sparks travelling across the Canadian landscape, adding light to winter evenings. While in Canada's Capital Region, people can enjoy the Pathway of Lights along Confederation Boulevard, a ceremonial route through the capital. As in other parts of the country, the lights will highlight many sites and monuments. "For 37 years, Christmas Lights Across Canada has been a proud tradition that illuminates

While in Canada's Capital Region, people can enjoy the Pathway of Lights along Confederation Boulevard, a ceremonial route through the capital. MAX BOVKUN

December. This year, let's celebrate the beginning of winter by attending a free multimedia projection on Parliament Hill and following the Pathway of Lights along Confederation Boulevard, a ceremonial route through the capital. Let's discover Canadian traditions and legends through the television program IllumiNATION – A Celebration of the Winter Solstice,” said Rodriguez. The television show IllumiNATION – A Celebration of the Winter Solstice will invite Canadians to discover, share and celebrate Canadian traditions and legends. Hosted by Gregory Charles, IllumiNATION will feature a variety of artistic performances from across the country. Co-produced by Rogers TV Ottawa and Canadian

Heritage, the program will take you on a journey from Ontario to Manitoba, Yukon, Nova Scotia, Alberta and Quebec. IllumiNATION – A Celebration of the Winter Solstice will be broadcast on the Canadian Heritage YouTube channel on December 21 at 8 p.m. (local time) and on Rogers TV and OMNI Television. The broadcast will be available until January 7 through participating cable companies and on the Canadian Heritage YouTube channel. To ensure everyone's safety during the pandemic, preventive measures against COVID-19 will be in place in accordance with public health guidelines. More details will be announced shortly on the Christmas Lights Across Canada website.

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December 1, 2021


Tips to simplify holiday shopping STAFF REPORT


The holiday season is a busy time of year. People devote many hours to generating gift lists and planning their shopping excursions. Shopping can be all-encompassing during the holiday season, but it is only half of the gift-giving equation. After all of those toys, articles of clothing and other goodies are purchased, those items will need to be wrapped and hidden away. Gift-givers may be looking for ways to make these tasks just a little easier. Shop early The sooner you begin shopping, the more time you will have to purchase everything you need and then get it prepared for giving. While Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales feature great deals, there are discounts to be had all year long if you keep your eyes open. Grab an item here and there when there is something that catches your eye and fits the needs of a gift recipient.

Shopping early also affords shoppers a greater buffer if they plan to do some of their shopping online. Shipping times have changed due to COVID-19, which has disrupted some supply chains and put added pressure on shipping companies. The U.S. Postal Service says products and packages may require more time to be delivered due to limited transportation availability, so shopping early can help ensure everything arrives on time. Tackle the kids' gifts first Watching children's bright grins and all their excitement opening presents can make all the hard work worth it. Be sure that you shop for all of the gifts for children in your household first, especially if you play SantaÕs helper. Use opportunities when the kids are in school or at daycare to bring gifts into the house and then wrap them. Wrapping as you go can help to ensure there are no "spoiler alerts" prior to the holidays. Create a wrapping station A dedicated area for wrapping can streamline the

process. Gift wrapping supplies can be tough to keep organized because they're usually awkward sizes and can eat up a lot of space. That's where a wrapping station can come into play. It can be custom-made or you can use items already around the house. A laundry room or a large closet can be the ideal location for a wrapping station. Because wrapping paper rolls are the most cumbersome wrapping supplies, find a way to corral them. A tall laundry hamper works, or consider hanging wrapping paper rolls horizontally on thin curtain rods attached to a wall or the back of a door. Simply pull off the amount of paper you need and cut. Organize other supplies in a nearby drawer or organizational caddy. Store gift bags and tissue paper in a fabric tote bag. Having everything within arm's reach cuts down on time spent searching for supplies. It's that time of year for shopping and wrapping. Ensure it is a low-stress experience with some time-saving tips.

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December 1, 2021

5 ways to support small businesses this holiday shopping season STAFF REPORT


Small businesses long have been the heart and soul of local communities. There is something to be said about being on a firstname basis with a local restaurateur or another

small business owner, as such familiarity often translates into exemplary service. According to the U.S. Small Business Administration, small businesses account for 99.9 percent of companies in the country, due in large part to the broad definition of small businesses (those with

fewer than 500 employees). However, the vast majority of businesses in the United States have a staff thatÕs smaller than 20 workers, according to the Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council. These firms employ nearly 60 million workers, says the SBA. Despite the prevalence

of small businesses, fewer than 80 percent of entrepreneurial small business ventures make it beyond their first year, and only around half make it beyond five years. Consumers who want to help their favorite small businesses survive can use the holiday season and beyond to set

the course for success. Consumers can make a concerted effort to fuel this important cog in their local economic engines. ¥ Shop local. The concept is simple but effective. Opting to shop in local stores over larger conglomerates and franchises can help small businesses take root. Before

Notice of Public Information Centre (Online) Highway 6 / Hanlon Expressway Midblock Interchange (G.W.P. 3059-20-00) Detailed Design and Class Environmental Assessment

The Ontario Ministry of Transportation (MTO) is proceeding with the next phase of the improvements of Highways 6 and 401 between Hamilton and Guelph (G.W.P. 3042-14-00) by constructing a new interchange on Highway 6 (Hanlon Expressway) north of Highway 401 (the Project). Building on the approved Individual Environmental Assessment, this study is being completed in accordance with the requirements of a Group ‘A’ project under the MTO Class Environmental Assessment for Provincial Transportation Facilities (2000). Additional information can be found on the Project website at: The Project includes the following main components: • A new interchange on the Hanlon Expressway north of Wellington Road 34 including a new road to connect the new interchange to Concession Road 7 and to Wellington Road 34; • Removal of the signalized intersection on the Hanlon Expressway at Wellington Road 34 and the addition of a new bridge over the Hanlon Expressway for Wellington Road 34 traffic; • Reconstruction of Concession Road 7 between Wellington Road 34 and Maltby Road; • Closure of the Maltby Road / Concession Road 4 intersection with the Hanlon Expressway; • A new roundabout at the Wellington Road 34 and Concession Road 7 intersection; • Installation of new overhead sign structures, traffic signals and partial illumination; • Emergency and maintenance vehicle turnarounds along the Hanlon Expressway (one north of Maltby Road and one south of Wellington Road 34); • Drainage improvements such as infiltration ponds for stormwater management; and • Relocation of utilities. Construction of this next phase is expected to begin as soon as detailed design is complete. The Design Builder is expected to be on board in early 2022.

PUBLIC INFORMATION CENTRE (ONLINE) A Public Information Centre (PIC) is being held online through the Project website. The PIC will provide an overview of the study process and design, a summary of potential environmental impacts and proposed mitigation measures, next steps in the study as well as a review of key concerns on the Highway 6 / Hanlon Expressway Midblock Interchange from the previous PIC for Highways 6 and 401 Improvements. The Project Team welcomes your input. The PIC materials will be available online as follows: Where: When: December 6th to December 12th, 2021 The PIC Comment Form will be available online until December 19th, 2021 providing the opportunity to ask questions or submit comments on the PIC materials. If you require further information regarding the Project, would like to participate but do not have access to the internet, or have accessibility requirements in order to participate in this virtual PIC, please contact the Project Team at the contact information provided below or by emailing the Project Team at Sarah Jewell, P.Eng., M.Eng. MTO Senior Project Engineer Ministry of Transportation 659 Exeter Road, London, ON N6E 1L3 Tim Sorochinsky, P.Eng. Consultant Senior Project Manager AECOM 30 Leek Crescent, 4th Floor, Richmond Hill, ON L4B 4N4 tel: 905-418-1475 Comments are being collected to assist MTO in meeting the requirements of the Ontario Environmental Assessment Act. Information collected will be used in accordance with the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. With the exception of personal information, all comments will become part of the public record. If you have any accessibility requirements in order to participate in this Study, please contact one of the Project Team members listed above.

making holiday shopping lists, visit local stores and base gift ideas on items they have in stock. Chances are those gifts will be one-of-a-kind. ¥ Purchase gift cards/ certificates. All businesses have slow periods, and post-holidays is often a time when sales stagnate. Gift cards may bring new customers into local businesses who might otherwise not have patronized them, potentially creating new repeat customers. ¥ Cater holiday meals and gatherings. The holiday season is chock-full of entertainment opportunities. Individuals can rely on nearby restaurants and other food and beverage businesses to cater holiday parties. Some businesses also may be willing to discount or donate food for nonprofit group activities, such as church holiday bazaars, school holiday concerts or fundraising fairs. ¥ Mention small businesses on social media. The holiday season breeds excitement. Therefore, when shoppers are in local stores, they can snap pictures of products and overflowing shopping bags and post them online while praising local businesses. ¥ Think about subscription gifts. Enrollment in a health club or a massage therapy service are gifts that keep on giving for the recipient, but also help ensure consistent incoming cash for the business providing the service. When shopping this holiday season, consumers can look to the small, local businesses in their communities that help make towns and cities unique.


December 1, 2021

Telus commits to reconciliation JACE KOBLUN


Telus released its 2021 Reconciliation and Indigenous Connectivity Report on November 29. The report shares inspiring stories of the transformative benefits that connectivity brings to newly connected Indigenous communities. This year’s report also includes Telus’ first-ever Indigenous reconciliation action plan. Guided by Indigenous voices and Indigenous-led frameworks of reconciliation, Telus has formalized its commitment to reconciliation, becoming the first technology company in Canada to develop and launch a public Indigenous reconciliation action plan. In 2021, Telus connected 48 Indigenous lands to its advanced broadband networks and 382 Indigenous lands to the transformative power of 5G. In support of its continued efforts to connect Indigenous communities to the life-changing power of high-speed internet and mobility solutions,

Telus developed its Indigenous reconciliation strategy and Indigenous reconciliation action plan through an inclusive, culturally relevant process. Telus hosted two rounds of engagement over 18 sessions with Indigenous leaders, Elders, subject matter experts, and Indigenous team members from across its serving areas, and Telus said it is committed to having this manner of engagement as a cornerstone of its actions moving forward. “At Telus, we have a longstanding dedication to working collaboratively with Indigenous peoples through meaningful engagement to provide world-leading connectivity, tools and resources that enable unique community, social, economic, and governance goals as showcased throughout the report,” said Tony Geheran, executive vice-president and CCO at TELUS. TELUS’ Indigenous reconciliation action plan identifies four pillars that can drive meaningful change and includes measurable targets and timelines for

each. - Connectivity: Connecting an additional 20 communities to broadband by 2023 - Enabling social outcomes: Launching the $1 million Telus Indigenous Communities Fund, which provides grants of up to $50,000 to Indigenous-led organizations focused on mental health and well-being, language and cultural revitalization, access to education, and/or community building In 2022, an Indigenous advisory council consisting of Indigenous leaders, subject matter experts, and Elders within our serving areas will be established to provide ongoing advice and guidance on the implementation of Telus’ reconciliation actions. “Indigenous peoples have struggled for more than 150 years due to the imposition of the written system on our traditional oral system. Through understanding Indigenous Ways, I believe reconciliation can be achieved,” said Elder Reg Crowshoe, former Piikani First Nation Chief, Treaty 7.


Taylor Swift releases new version of "Christmas Tree Farm” By TRT Staff Amazon Music announced an exclusive new version of "Christmas Tree Farm" from 11-time Grammy winner, and only woman to ever win Album of the Year three times, Taylor Swift. "Christmas Tree Farm (Old Timey Version)" arrives just in time for the holidays and fresh off of her #1 record-breaking release of Red (Taylor's Version). Swift's reimagined version of her beloved holiday hit was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London and features a beautiful new arrangement backed by a 70-piece orchestra. Swift's "Christmas Tree Farm (Old Timey Version) (Amazon Original)" is now available exclusively for all Amazon Music listeners globally, including in spatial audio with Dolby Atmos here. "Taylor Swift is an icon who has shattered streaming records on Amazon Music over the years, and this season, we're thrilled to bring this new, timeless version of 'Christmas Tree

Taylor Swift has a new record out.

Farm' to her fans as they gather with friends and family for the holidays," said Ryan Redington, vice-president of music industry at Amazon Music. Inspired by her youth growing up on a Christmas tree farm in Pennsylvania, Swift wrote "Christmas Tree Farm" while celebrating with family over the holidays in 2019. While fans know and love the booming, upbeat version of "Christmas Tree Farm," Swift wanted to capture the cozy and calming holiday

atmosphere for her Amazon Original song. Joined by a 70-piece orchestra at Abbey Road Studios, Swift's new recording features strings, horns, and sleigh bells, reminiscent of classic, big band Christmas songs by the greats before her. For a limited time, customers who haven't yet tried Amazon Music Unlimited can get three months free—with unlimited access to millions of songs, adfree, in the highest-quality streaming audio and millions of podcast episodes.

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December 1, 2021

Opioid deaths doubled among First Nations amid pandemic: report CANADIAN PRESS


The number of First Nations people who died from opioid-related deaths in Ontario more than doubled during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. That's one of the key findings of a report released by the Chiefs of Ontario and the Ontario Drug Policy Research Network on Friday, which examined patterns in hospitalizations and deaths due to opioid-related poisoning among First Nations and non-First Nations people in Ontario. It notes that 116 First Nations people died due to opioid poisoning between March 2020 and March 2021, compared with 50 people in the previous

year. That's a 132 per cent increase, compared to a 68 per cent increase of opioid-related deaths among the rest of the population in the province. ``First Nations have been disproportionately affected by the overdose crisis,'' said Ontario Regional Chief Glen Hare in a news release. ``The use of opioids and other substances continues to surge during the COVID-19 pandemic, producing conditions that further increase overdoses and deaths.'' The monthly rate of hospital visits for opioid-related poisoning has increased since March 2016 among both First Nations and non-First Nations people, the report notes. The number of First Nations people who

visited the hospital for an opioid-related poisoning between March 2020 and March 2021 was 816, compared with 601 people in the previous year _ marking a 35.8 per cent increase. In comparison, the number of non-First Nations people who visited the hospital for an opioid-related poisoning increased 16.4 per cent during this period, from 7,441 to 8,662. The report states the majority of First Nations people who visited the hospital or died due to an opioid-related poisoning lived in urban areas or outside of First Nations communities. However, during the pandemic, the largest relative increase in opioid-related harms occurred among First Nations

people living in rural areas and within First Nations communities. Specifically, just over one in five hospital visits occurred among First Nations people living within First Nations communities between March 2020 and March 2021, compared to one in seven a year prior. The report also notes that the involvement of fentanyl in opioid-related deaths significantly increased during the pandemic, contributing to 87 per cent of opioid-related deaths among First Nations people and aligning with broader trends across the province. First Nations people were identified in the report using the Indian Registry System database, which includes people who are eligible for Indian Status under the Indian Act.

The Chiefs of Ontario and the Ontario Drug Policy Research Network also released a report analyzing opioid use, related harms and access to treatment among First Nations in Ontario on Friday. ``The reports released today are very explicit in providing evidence that governments need to correct the underfunding that has been occurring for years to make effective progress on addressing the overdose crisis in First Nations communities,'' said Hare. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission's calls to action urge the federal government to establish measurable goals to identify and close the gaps in health outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities. Hare said many First

Nations communities have made ``great efforts to strengthen community capacity through community-led programs.'' However, he said the work to implement the recommendations in these reports must expand in order for real progress to happen, to prevent future tragedies and strengthen the healing processes ``so desperately needed'' in First Nations communities. ``I look forward to meeting with all levels of government immediately to co-ordinate a long-term, First Nations-led strategy to address the opioid crisis affecting First Nations across Ontario,'' Hare added. Ontario's Ministry of Health and Indigenous Services Canada did not immediately provide comment.

Ungodly Alliance

Thank you for your support

Continued from page 9 has promised to release the documents gathered by Fletcher’s team. “To be rendered mute in the face of the legacy of colonization is one, perhaps, enticing option for those of us who have lived on the domination side of social discourse,” she says. “However, the world continues to suffer and the idea that we might heal continues to summon us beyond the deathscapes of our own making. To remain mute, for fear of causing further harm is to create new genres of harm. There is a medieval play entitled, ‘The Life of Any Man.’ In this play, Satan is the central character. Unlike the Hollywood version, Satan in this play is an ordinary man. He wanders through every scene of 14th-century life saying only one line. As he encounters the various faces of human suffering in that time of the “black death”, of poverty, famine, and war Satan has only one line. He approaches those who suffer and sadly he says, ‘There is nothing to be done; nothing to be done.’” Dr. Fletcher is a strong believer in the power of the truth, even when the truth is hard to face, or maybe even more powerful when

it’s hard to face. “The lessons of history and the wisdom of our healing traditions encourage us to see that passivity in the face of despair is perhaps the greatest threat of all,” she says. “As Canadians, we must face the future keenly aware that the experience of some, in this case those harmed by earlier renditions of social and political power, pushes us to remake our sight. What Canada will we become? Time will tell and our capacity to speak truly and hear openly will be the criteria by which this nation’s future is determined.” A note from the author Jim Windle: My journalistic journey into the hell that was the Mush Hole has impacted me greatly. As a non-Native who grew up only a few blocks from the Mohawk Institute, I am even more aghast at what was happening in the name of education right under my nose and the noses of almost everyone else in Brantford. I can only imagine the depth of the scars of those who went through it. I am also aware that not every student suffered as badly as others, but even if it was

just one student treated in the way former residential school survivors described to me, and I have read testimonies of, it was one too many. As a Christian, flawed as I am, I am appalled at the things done in the name of Christ. And as a Canadian, I am angry and disappointed by the things done by my government, in my name, and I will not be quiet about it. Many thanks to Leona Moses and Dr. Wendy Fletcher for breaking the silence and trusting me to tell their story. For more on the subject, read John Milloy’s book, “A National Crime” or go to www.hiddenfromhistory. org. Other important books on the subject include; “Kill the Indian, Save the Man” by Ward Churchill; “Finding my Talk; How fourteen Canadian Native women reclaimed their lives after Residential School” by Agnes Grant; “Behind Closed Doors” by Jack Agnes; “Shingwauk’s Vision: A History of Native Residential Schools” by J.R. Miller; “Victims of Benevolence” by Elizabeth Furniss: or “Broken Circle” by Theodore Fontaine.


December 1, 2021


TikTok Canada takes steps to promote Indigenous content creators Content creator says not to take yourself seriously on the app JACE KOBLUN


TikTok Canada and the National Screen Institute (NSI) have launched an accelerator program aimed at growing the brands of Indigenous content creators. Participants will learn how to maximize TikTok to grow their community while sharing their unique stories in a safe and respectful online space. Deanne Hupfield is Ojibwe from Temagami First Nation. She was raised in Winnipeg, Man., and Thunder Bay, Ont. Deanne dances fancy shawl, jingle dress and hoop dance. She has spent her life reconnecting to the culture that was taken from her mother through the Sixties Scoop. Everything she has learned about culture and powwow she has brought back to her community. She has been teaching powwow dance and regalia-making in her community for more than 20 years. Growing up on the margins and witnessing the countless losses in her community Deanne hopes to share content that will support healing and reconnection to culture. TikTok: @deannehupfield Two Row Times caught

up with Deanne to chat about her experience in the program so far: What do you do on TikTok? Deanne: I post powwow dance videos and I share tutorials on how to do our dance steps. Lately I’ve been trying to tell stories around powwow. Recently I told a story of how I felt disconnected from my culture growing up because I didn’t have anyone to teach me. Why did you start making content on TikTok? Deanne: I post similar content on YouTube already, I started with that near the beginning of the pandemic. And that took off too. I had been watching TikTok and I wanted to start posting but had no idea what to post. I posted the four videos I needed to be considered for the program and I got accepted. The reason why I post is because my mom was part of the Sixties Scoop and my grandparents went to an Indian Residential School. My family suffers from a lot of intergenerational trauma, addiction, and chaos. Dancing powwow was how I was able to heal my own generational trauma, escape poverty and make a good life for myself and my family. As I get older I still see constant loss in my

Deanne Hupfield.

community too early due to addiction and trauma. I want to create content that encourages people to learn a healthy way of life, process their trauma, and reconnect to their culture. What have you learned in the program so far? Deanne: Every week the participants meet virtually for an hour and a half and we talk about what we’ve


learned, or new things we’ve tried on the platform. The organizers also bring in a guest speaker to talk to us about how to best use the app. How to navigate the platform, what buttons do what. We also discuss how it is our social responsibility as Indigenous creators to create content that can help our communities How did you feel the

first time one of your videos went “viral?” Deanne: I didn’t sleep that night. I had a lot of anxiety realizing that so many people I knew or didn’t know were looking at my videos and content. That whole weekend after I posted my first video that got so many views so fast I was nervous. But then I started to feel really fulfilled with the views and videos blowing up because I was one step closer to accomplishing what I set out to do. Sometimes people give feedback or leave comments and one time a residential school survivor that I follow commented saying thank you and that made me almost cry. I get so many messages of kindness and support and I really appreciate it. How do you find motivation and the time to post content when you’re tired? Deanne: I have to actually schedule in time for TikTok sometimes. I have to wait until my kids aren’t running around and then I set aside some time dedicated just to editing, and filming, and thinking about the caption, time of day, and tags I want to use. It can be a lot sometimes. What advice would you give to someone who wanted to start using TikTok the

way you do? Deanne: Be yourself and don’t get obsessed with it. Follow your curiosities and be a scientist. Try new things and see if it takes off or flops. You never know what’s going to take off and what’s not. What are some challenges you have had to overcome that you weren’t expecting to find on TikTok? Deanne: Sometimes videos don’t do well that you thought would do well, and that’s challenging trying to figure out why it flopped or what to do differently next time. I try to go into it without having the expectation that it’s going to go viral just because one of your earlier videos did. It’s important to not let my ego get carried away. Why is it important to engage with your followers? Deanne: I try to go through my comments and interact with my followers. Especially a lot of my non-Indigenous followers who are asking genuine questions about my culture. I always say they are welcome to participate and watch and learn what I do, but they can not make regalia on their own because it is based on our own unique Indigenous nations.


LIVE CHAT (MESSAGING) Link on under Crisis Support Live Chat



Do you have an interest in Six Nations community governance? Do you have an interest in being a part of the TEAM examining the current Six Nations of Do you have an Six 2019 Nations community theinterest Grand in River Election Code?governance?

2 M / 6 FT

Do you have an interest in being a part of the TEAM examining the current Six Nations of We are seeking Committee members, youth,Code? to sit on the SIX NATIONS the Grand Riverincluding 2019 Election ELECTIONS CODE AD HOC COMMITTEE.

We are seeking Committee members, including youth, to sit on the SIX NATIONS

Six Nations of the Grand River has its own custom Election Code. The Election Code ELECTIONS CODE AD HOC COMMITTEE. governs the election process for Chief and Council.

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line. A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker.

TEXT MESSAGING 226-777-9480

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response. Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet. Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8:30am - 4:00pm


will be of thethe responsibility each member to Code. attend The regular monthly SixItNations Grand Riverofhas itscommittee own custom Election Election Code meetings, conducting community meetings. Thefor expectant length of the project will be for governs the election process Chief and Council. approximately one (1) years.

It will be the responsibility of each committee member to attend regular monthly PROCESS FOR The APPLICATIONS: meetings, conducting community meetings. expectant length of the project will be for To be considered for the Election Code Ad Hoc Committee, the Community Member must approximately one (1) years. submit in writing a letter explaining their qualifications as a panelist, two (2) recent letters

of reference, AND a resume which highlights their experience and/or education in Indigenous policy, Indigenous political governance development, human rights, PROCESS FOR APPLICATIONS: Indigenous law, and/or professional association.

To be considered for the Election Code Ad Hoc Committee, the Community Member must submit in writing letter explaining their qualifications as aresume panelist, (2) recent letters Please submit ayour letter of application, references and in two a sealed envelope of reference, AND a resume whichclearly highlights their experience and/or education in marked: Indigenous policy, Indigenous political governance development, human rights, ELECTION AD HOC COMMITTEE Indigenous law, and/or professionalCODE association. SIX NATIONS ADMINISTRATION

CHIEFSWOOD Please submit your letter 1695 of application, referencesROAD and resume in a sealed envelope P.O. Box 5000 Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 clearly marked:

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

IF YOU HAVE A FEVER, COUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, The SixSEEK Nations MobileCARE CrisisEARLY Services is a MEDICAL confidential service offering crisis Stay home if you feel unwell. If support to Six Nations of the Grand River. youfeatures have a fever, coughaand The new run through program difficulty breathing, seek medical which offers safe and encrypted attention and callconversations in advance. technology to keep confidential and secure.

Source: World Health Organization

Deadline for submissions: T.B.D.

ELECTION CODE AD HOC COMMITTEE forward electronic submissions to: SIXPlease NATIONS ADMINISTRATION Shirley W Johnson, Office Manager of Central Administration 1695Email: CHIEFSWOOD ROAD Telephone: 519-445-2205, ext. 3233 P.O. Box 5000 Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Deadline for submissions: T.B.D. Please forward electronic submissions to: Shirley W Johnson, Office Manager of Central Administration Email: Telephone: 519-445-2205, ext. 3233




December 1, 2021

know the score.

Eastern draft result for the ALL released By TRT Staff with notes from

- Lawtons, NY. 67. Six Nations Snipers - Ross Hill - Ohsweken. 68. Peterborough Timbermen - Riley Thompson - Mimico. 69. Paris RiverWolves - Justin Scott - Oakville. 70. Whitby Steelhawks - James Houston - Bowmanville

SIX NATIONS — On Sunday, November 28, the Arena Lacrosse League revealed the ALL East Draft results to their website, featuring almost 15 players identified as from Ohsweken. Round 1 Six Nations Snipers (via Toronto) - Johnny Powless - Ohsweken. 2. Oshawa Outlaws - Jack Jasinski - Columbus. 3. St. Catharines Shockwave - Oakley Thomas - Ohsweken. 4. Six Nations - Scott Del Zotto - London. 5. Six Nations Snipers (via Peterborough Timbermen) - Kevin Owen Hill - Ohsweken. 6. Paris RiverWolves - Rob Stovel - Fergus. 7. Whitby Steelhawks - Matt Boissonneault - Whitby

Round 2 8. Toronto Monarchs - Mike Fiegehen - Port Elgin. 9. Oshawa Outlaws - Owen Boyle - Bowmanville. 10. St. Catharines Shockwave - Chris Weier - Niagara. 11. Six Nations Snipers - Jake Gilmour - Pickering. 12. Peterborough Timbermen Will Johnston - Nepean. 13. Paris RiverWolves - Cam MacLeod - Georgetown. 14. Whitby Steelhawks - Ben French - Mimico Round 3 15. Toronto Monarchs - Devon Dunkerley - Orangeville. 16. Oshawa Outlaws - Kegan White - Ajax. 17. St. Catharines Shockwave - Ciaron Costello - Toronto. 18. St. Catharines Shockwave (via Six Nations) - Lucas Smith - Ohsweken. 19. Peterborough Timbermen - Dawson Tait - Nepean. 20.

The Arena Lacrosse League (ALL) is a high level development league for players with professional aspirations and a proud partner of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). STAFF

Paris RiverWolves - Aiden Welsh - Oakville. 21. Whitby Steelhawks - Tristian Hanna - Uxbridge.

Round 4 22. Whitby Steelhawks (via Toronto Monarchs) - Kris Veltman - Stouffville. 23. Oshawa Outlaws - Jordan Ackie - Kitchener. 24. St. Catharines Shockwave Hunter Lemieux - Burlington. 25. Six Nations Snipers - Gage King-Gorrman - Akwesasne. 26. Oshawa Outlaws - Lucas Nagy Brantford. 27. Six Nations Snipers (via Paris) - Sam LeClair - St. Catharines. 28. Whitby Steelhawks - Trent Boyd - Orillia. Round 5 29. Toronto Monarchs Tyler Conn - Seguin. 30. Oshawa Outlaws - Deacan Knott - Curve Lake. 31. Toronto Monarchs (via St. Catharines) - Damon Currie - Guelph. 32. Six Nations Snipers - Boedy Shields - Didsbury, AB. 33. Peterborough Timbermen - Steven Welsh - Courtice. 34. Paris RiverWolves Sam La Roue - Western. 35.

Whitby Steelhawks - John Gagliardi - Oakville

Round 6 36. Toronto Monarchs - Jacob Martino - Oakville. 37. Oshawa Outlaws - Oriale Mandeville - Roseneath. 38. St. Catharines Shockwave Luca Romano - Oakville. 39. Six Nations Snipers - Ryan Terefenko - Ohio State. 40. Peterborough Timbermen - Sam Firth - Nepean. 41. Paris RiverWolves - Daire Newbrough - Guelph. 42. Whitby Steelhawks - Noah Lebar - Kitchener Round 7 43. Toronto Monarchs - Parker Pipher - Oshawa. 44. Oshawa Outlaws - Thomas MacDonald Burlington. 45. St. Catharines Shockwave - Jesse Johnson - Ohsweken. 46. Whitby Steelhawks (via Six Nations) - Tyler Goodchild - Orillia. 47. Peterborough Timbermen - Ayden Knight - Kingston. 48. Whitby Steelhawks - Carter Schott - Whitby.

Round 8 49.Toronto Monarchs - Phil

1721 Chiefswood Road

Ohsweken, ON


Mazzuca - Oakville. 50. Oshawa Outlaws - Taite Cattoni - Peterborough. 51. St. Catharines Shockwave Ryan Johnson - Six Nations. 52. Six Nations Snipers Mike Berger - Guelph. 53. Peterborough Timbermen - Konner Sunday - Akwesasne. 54. Oshawa Outlaws (via Paris) - Carter McKenzie. 55. Whitby Steelhawks - Bryce Tolmie - Clarington

Round 9 57. Paris RiverWolves (via (Toronto) - Philip Buque - Oshawa. 58. Oshawa Outlaws - Daniel Balawejder - Mimico. 59. St. Catharines ShockWave - Owen Friesen - St. Catharines. 60. Six Nations Snipers - Jeremy Bomberry - Ohsweken. 61. Peterborough Timbermen - Joel Wright - Ottawa. 62. Toronto Monarchs (via Paris) - Adam Kromer - Whitby. 63. Whitby Steelhawks - Ty Thompson - Ottawa. Round 10 64. Toronto Monarchs - Jordan McKenna - Orangeville. 65. Oshawa Outlaws - Cam Badour Cobourg. 66. St. Catharines ShockWave - Lucas Beaver

Round 11 71. Toronto Monarchs - Blair Pachereva - Beamsville. 72. Oshawa Outlaws - Owen Blount-Smith - Caledon. 73. St. Catharines ShockWave - Tyyrus Rehanek - Cambridge. 74. Peterborough Timbermen (via Six Nations) - John Crough - Peterborough. 75. Peterborough Timbermen - Braeden Smith - Mohawk Territory. 76. Toronto Monarchs (via Paris) - Koichi Nakamura - Mississauga. 77. Whitby Steelhawks Jack MacAlpine - Oakville.

Round 12 78. Toronto Monarchs Pent Eistrat - RIT. 79. Oshawa Outlaws - John Kit - St. Catharines. 80. St. Catharines ShockWave - Jonathan Gill - Lawtons NY. 81. Peterborough Timbermen (via Six Nations) - Mason Kamminga - Six Nations. 82. Six Nations Snipers (via Peterborough Timbermen) - Mike Pongetti - Burlington. 83. Paris RiverWolves - Zach McDonald - Lynden. 84. Whitby Steelhawks Jordan Stouros - Peterborough. Round 13 85. Toronto Monarchs - Connor Aquanno - St. Catharines. 86. Oshawa Outlaws - Will Cecile - Burlington. 87. St. Catharines ShockWave - Riley Miller - Ohsweken. 88. Peterborough Timbermen (via Six Nations Snipers) - Drew Hutchinson - Burlington. 89. Peterborough Timber-

men - Riley Curtis - Cobourg. 90. Peterborough Timbermen (via Paris) Devin Pipher - Mimico. 91. Whitby Steelhawks - Cole Hanrahan - Peterborough.

Round 14 92. Toronto Monarchs - Kinori Rosnow - Pittsburgh, PA. 93. Oshawa Outlaws - Mackenzie Burke - Brampton. 94. St. Catharines ShockWave - Ron John - Ohsweken. 95. Six Nations Snipers - Doug Powless - Wilsonville. 96. Peterborough Timbermen - Jensen Walker - Peterborough. 97. Paris RiverWolves - Chris Origlieri - Orangeville. 98. Whitby Steelhawks - Ty Fox-Trudel - Whitby.

Round 15 99. Toronto Monarchs - Andrew Kidd - Toronto. 100. Oshawa Outlaws - Jordan VanDamme - Sarnia. 101. St. Catharines ShockWave Samuel Fontain - Cornwall. 102. Six Nations Snipers - Jaxon Longboat - Ohsweken. 103. Peterborough Timbermen - Owen Dale - London. 104. Toronto Monarchs (via Paris) - Nolan Power - Oakville. 105. Whitby Steelhawks - Caleb Slinger - Brampton.

Round 16 106. Toronto Monarchs - Grayden Power - Oakville. 107. Oshawa Outlaws Corson Kealey - Ottawa. 108. St. Catharines ShockWave - George Downey - Philadelphia. 109. Six Nations Snipers - Tehoka Nanticoke - Six Nations. 110. Peterborough Timbermen - Brayden McGregor - Cobourg. 111. Toronto Monarchs (via Paris) - Will Sheehan - Oakville. 112. Six Nations Snipers (via Whitby) - Thunder Hill Ohsweken.

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December 1, 2021


Masters Indigenous Games set for 2023 By TRT Staff ONTARIO — The Masters Indigenous Games (MIG) have been postponed since 2018, but a recent announcement brings the promise of the event to return in 2023 and 2025. The official dates are set to be announced next year. The last inaugural MIG took place in Toronto, Ontario from July 12-15, 2018, providing an opportunity for Indigenous adults from around the world to engage in sport competition with their peers. The Games encourage mature individuals to be active, with the awareness that competitive sport can continue throughout life, contributing to increased health and wellness. In 2020, organizers of the proposed 2021 Masters Indigenous Games (MIG), in partnership with the City of Ottawa and Ottawa Tourism, announced the postponement of the event given the continued

The Masters Indigenous Games (MIG) have been postponed since 2018, but a recent announcement brings the promise of the event to return in 2023 and 2025. MCMASTER

impact of COVID-19 cases, and restrictions regarding international travel and in-person sport competitions. In consideration for the health and wellness of participants and communities, and to maintain the spirit of the event, which is focused on bringing communities together

through the celebration of sport and culture, Indigenous Sport & Wellness Ontario made the difficult decision to postpone the 2021 Games. Hosted and developed by Indigenous Sport & Wellness Ontario,, the MIG provides Indigenous adults aged 20 years and

mond Hill, Ontario. This initiative was a continuation of a yearly hockey equipment drive organized by McWaters who started the initial drive for hockey equipment after speaking with families from Beausoleil First Nation at a hockey tournament in Midland, Ontario in 2015. Some Beausoleil families expressed need for better equipment and he felt inspired to do something. In the first year of the equipment accumulation, he reached out to his son’s Richmond Hill team for equipment donations. The team helped raise eight bags of equipment and numerous hockey sticks. On Saturday, October 23, 2021, ISWO was joined by McWaters’ experienced group of volunteers, and

over 30 volunteers from the Their Opportunity organization, Trucks for Change, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and a number of local service and hockey organizations in collecting, sorting and shipping the donated new and used hockey equipment and hand sanitizer. The hockey equipment and hand sanitizer were shipped to ISWO’s Thunder Bay warehouse the next day. While Canadian Tire generously supplied about 85 of the new hockey bags, the vast majority of the high-quality, used equipment was secured through public donations organized by McWaters and his group and their network of service organizations. Their Opportunity assisted with planning, logistics, social media, and

older, the opportunity to compete against their peers in a variety of contemporary and traditional sporting activities. T The Games will bring together thousands of Indigenous athletes from around the world to compete in sport competitions, celebrate Indigenous wellness, and showcase the rich diversity of cultures and traditions of the world’s Indigenous Peoples, and their return have been highly anticipated. Throughout the pandemic, the sport body provided a variety of virtual and online challenges, competitions and events that individuals can participate in from the comfort of their own homes. The emphasis remained on staying active, building skills and focusing on training, until the day that Indigenous athletes and communities are able to come together again.

ISWO delivers hockey equipment that will reach Indigenous Youth in the North

By TRT Staff, with notes from release MISSISSAUGA, ON – On November 2, the Indigenous Sport & Wellness Ontario (“ISWO”) announced that in collaboration with a number of volunteer stakeholders, 350 hockey bags of hockey equipment, dozens of boxes of new equipment, 100s of hockey sticks, and approximately 150 cases of hand sanitizer were shipped to ISWO’s storage facility in Thunder Bay. The items will ultimately be distributed to urban and isolated Indigenous communities, organizations, and families in the North. “The plan for this year is to distribute the equipment to 40 First Nations youth and families from our storage facilities in Barrie, Whitby, Burlington, and Thunder Bay. On the weekend of October 23, 2021, 350 bags were shipped to Thunder Bay with the assistance of ISWO, for distribution to northern First Nation communities,” explained Graham McWaters, a hockey dad from Rich-

the online presence for the cash donations to buy new helmets and to support the transportation costs. Unilever donated the hand sanitizer. This collaborative effort will be an ongoing initiative. The final distribution of the equipment and hand sanitizer is now being planned for Thunder Bay and other Northern communities. “It is community-driven efforts like this that ISWO is happy to support. The hockey equipment will benefit so many youth who might not have had a chance to play hockey without the proper equipment,” said Marc Laliberte, President of ISWO.

Hometown Hockey will broadcast from Ohsweken at the Gaylord Powless Arena at Nu-Yah. PHOTO BY X

Six Nations to Host Rogers Hometown Hockey in January 2022

By TRT Staff from Six Nations of the Grand River release

SIX NATIONS — Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council announced on Monday, November 29 that Six Nations will host Rogers Hometown Hockey in early January 2022. “We are so excited to bring Rogers Hometown Hockey to Six Nations,” said Elected Chief Mark Hill. “Our community has had such a tough year with COVID and the searches of former residential school sites; our people really need some joy right now. We look forward to celebrating safely as a community and welcoming Rogers Hometown Hockey to Six Nations.” Since 2014, Rogers Hometown Hockey has been a celebration of hockey and community visiting over 130 towns across Canada. The organization is proud to bring

the magic of the NHL to communities across Canada with a 2-day weekend festival and a live NHL broadcast on Sportsnet from the chosen community. Headlined by a national Sportsnet broadcast hosted by Ron MacLean and Tara Slone on Monday, January 3, 2022, Rogers Hometown Hockey is set to showcase the athleticism that Six Nations has to offer, including sports programs, local talent, and youth. The broadcast event will take place at the Six Nations Sports and Cultural Memorial Centre, with full details to be announced at a later date. Strict COVID-19 protocols will be in place to ensure the safety of all. Those wishing to view the announcement can tune into Sportsnet at 7 p.m. tonight. Six Nations looks forward to kicking off 2022 by hosting Rogers Hometown Hockey and celebrating what hockey means to the community.




December 1, 2021

arts. culture. entertainment.

TikTok Canada takes steps to promote Indigenous content creators Local content creator says consistency is key to growing your brand online JACE KOBLUN


Curling Canada unveiled new uniforms that were designed in a collaboration between two-spirit Anishinaabe artist Patrick Hunter and designer Kevin Hurrie. FILE

Anishinaabe artist outfits Canadian Olympic curlers in Indigenous inspired uniforms CANADIAN PRESS


SASKATOON _ Canada's curlers will wear both their Canadian pride and a celebration of Indigenous spirit when they compete at the Beijing Games. Curling Canada and their uniform partner Dynasty Curling, an Indigenous-owned company based in Manitoba, unveiled new uniforms that were designed in a collaboration between two-spirit Anishinaabe artist Patrick Hunter and designer Kevin Hurrie. Canadian curlers will wear the uniforms at the 2022 Olympics and Paralympics, at the world women's curling championships in Prince George, B.C., and the world men's curling championships in Las Vegas, among other international events. ``For Indigenous artwork to make it to the world stage is such a win for my people and community,'' said Hunter, who also designed the mask for Chicago Blackhawks goaltender Marc-Andre Fleury. ``I'm beyond stoked for that Indigenous artwork to be mine.'' The initiative is aligned with the spirit of Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Call to Action No. 83. There are four key

design elements in the Canadian uniforms, which will retain the traditional red, white and black colour scheme. The front features the silhouettes of seven trees, inspired by the forests of Hunter's Treaty Three homeland of Red Lake, Ont. They represent the seven grandfather teachings sacred to Anishinaabe people, and important values in sport: love, humility, wisdom, bravery, honesty, truth and respect. The sides feature four unique eagle feathers -- one for each of the four curling team members. Eagles are revered in Anishinaabe and other First Nations cultures. An illustration of braided sweetgrass, woven with cedar, tobacco and sage leaves -- the four sacred medicines used by many Indigenous peoples to cleanse energy -- adorns the inside of the jacket sleeves. The Maple Leaf is the fourth element. ``(The uniforms) represent exactly what our sport and country is about, they send positive messages of inclusiveness, and our athletes should feel proud to wear them,'' Katherine Henderson, Curling Canada's CEO, said in a release. ``The Canadian uniform is iconic in curling, and I can't wait to see our teams wear them.''

TikTok Canada and the National Screen Institute (NSI) have launched an accelerator program aimed at growing the brands of Indigenous content creators. Participants will learn how to maximize TikTok to grow their community while sharing their unique stories in a safe and respectful online space. Jenny Kay Dupuis is Nishnaabe from Nipissing First Nation and is one of 30 participants selected for the program. She started a few weeks ago and still considers herself a relatively new content creator but is having fun learning through trial and error, practice, and from the other participants. Two Row Times caught up with Jenny Kay to chat about her experience in the program so far: What do you do on TikTok? Jenny Kay: I’m a relatively new content creator. I’m looking for ways to share short stories and videos about my experience making art and writing. I hope to offer people a glimpse into that design process – a lot of the time people only see the finished product and don’t see the work that goes into creating art and books. I focus on pop art, combining it with elements of Woodland art and using bright colours. Where are you from and what is your education? Jenny Kay: I hold a Doctorate in Educational Leadership. I am an educator as well. I focus a lot of my work on various Indigenous perspectives, knowledge and culture. It’s important I build that into my content. I am Nishnaabe from Nipissing First Nation. I left my community when I was

21 years old and travelled across Canada for work and school. I landed here in North York, Ont. What sort of children’s book have you written? Jenny Kay: I wrote one called “I Am Not a Number” and it was a best-seller for about 40 weeks and has won numerous awards across Canada and the United States. The book is about my grandmother’s experience in residential school and focuses on the resiliency of family. I’m just finishing up my second book which comes out in 2023. The second book is focused a lot on the Indian Act. I think it is very important to share that. How did you find out about the accelerator program? Jenny Kay: I was excited when I first saw a posting for the program. I sort of joined TikTok on my own at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and really enjoyed seeing all these creators sharing their stories and their authentic selves and the unique ways people live their lives. From comedy to recipes, and the ups and downs of life to how they overcame those struggles, I saw the resiliency of people and also saw how vulnerable people can be. It was engaging content for me and when I saw the program I thought it would be a great opportunity for me to come out of my shell, gain some renewed confidence in my work, and share my story with my community and others on the platform. What does this opportunity mean to you? Jenny Kay: I hope to continue what I’m doing and begin to expand on my content. Try out different techniques. The 29 other participants selected and I have become a community to ourselves and we share stories, ask questions, share techniques and tips. It’s been great. It’s taken me out of my comfort

zone, especially being a writer where you work in isolation, TikTok has allowed me to push my level of comfort further than before. It’s so important that we talk about our stories. How did you feel the first time one of your videos went “viral?” Jenny Kay: I’m still relatively new so I wouldn’t say I’ve gone viral. It feels good to receive messages from people that I know who stumble across my page. Or someone I don’t know who finds me on their FYP (For You Page). People are interested in the idea of Woodland pop art and they want to know more about it and how I integrate it with digital art. It starts conversations with people who want to explore their own creativity. What have you learned in the program so far? Jenny Kay: I’ve definitely learned to be creative in a different way. Learning to tell an engaging story in 13 seconds to three minutes is a new skill for me. There is a lot involved, from editing to lighting, to the sounds you use or how you want to share your message. I hope I create something engaging and appealing. How do you find motivation and the time to post content when you’re tired? Jenny Kay: I work fulltime and also write so I have some really long days sometimes. Having the support of the other participants is really helpful because we are all in this together and it drives me to find the creativity I need when I’m spent. Whether it means I wake up a little earlier or stay up a little later, I enjoy the process. Being such a new content creator I recognize that I may not get it right all the time but it only gets better with practice. What advice would you give to someone who wanted to start using

TikTok the way you do? Jenny Kay: Practice. Play with the editing within the platform and the different sounds. Try your best. Recognize you can only get better with practice. What are some challenges you have had to overcome that you weren’t expecting to find on TikTok? Jenny Kay: There hasn’t really been a lot of challenges for me so far. It’s just finding the time and energy to continue creating. Why is it important to engage with your followers? Jenny Kay: It’s important to engage and have a place for myself and others to be their authentic selves. When people ask me a question or message me privately I take the time to respond. I look at it as being a part of one big community where you can develop real friendships with others and learn about their lived experiences. The program is set to wrap up on December 17. Jenny’s handle on TikTok is @jennykaydupuis. Jenny Kay (a member of Nipissing First Nation) is a multi-award-winning Indigenous author, artist and educator whose expertise supports the advancement of Indigenous education and the importance of relationship building. Jenny Kay is focused on creating fine art. Her collection of art blends her artistic skills with her interests in Woodland art, storytelling, and pop culture. Jenny Kay completed her doctorate in educational leadership from the University of Calgary. She holds a master of education and a bachelor of arts in history/visual arts. She is also a certified teacher. A well-sought after public speaker, Jenny Kay makes Toronto her home.

December 1, 2021








December 1, 2021

At Alcatraz Island, Haaland highlights Indigenous progress CANADIAN PRESS


SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — U.S. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland on Saturday said progress has been made by Indigenous people during a visit to Alcatraz Island,

which became a symbol of the struggles of Native People for self-determination following its takeover in the 1960s, but more remains to be done. Haaland visited the island off of San Francisco's coast on the 52nd anniversary of the occupation by Indigenous students who

were demanding that the U.S. government recognize longstanding agreements with tribes and turn over the deed to the island. The group was removed after a 19-month occupation but the takeover became a watershed moment in Native American activism.

``Alcatraz was borne out of desperation,'' said Haaland, who was accompanied by some of the dozens of people who occupied the island in 1969. ``Out of this we gained a sense of community and visibility in the eyes of the federal government. But more than that, our Indigenous identities were restored.'' Haaland, who is from Laguna Pueblo in New Mexico and the first Native American to lead a Cabinet agency, said that thanks to the actions of those activists, Native Americans no longer have to resort to extreme measures to be heard. ``The fact that I'm standing here today is a testament to that fact. I am here. We are here. And we are not going anywhere,'' she said. Haaland highlighted the policies that came of out this week's White House Tribal Nations Summit, which brought together President Joe Biden and leaders from more than 500 tribes in the United

States, as an example of the progress made between tribes and the federal government. The tribal nations summit coincided with National Native American Heritage Month and for the first time was hosted by the White House. Biden ordered several Cabinet departments to work together to combat human trafficking and crime on Native American lands and announced permanent protections for Bears Ears National Monument, which is sacred to Native Americans. Haaland said that her department is also taking action to protect Chaco Canyon in northwest New Mexico, another sacred place for Indigenous people. ``We are in a new era. An era in which we can embrace our identities as Indigenous people and be proud of how much we have accomplished,'' she said. Native American tribes will also receive billions of

dollars from the $1 trillion infrastructure deal signed into law by Biden this week. The funds ``will bolster community resilience, replace aging infrastructure, and provide support needed for climate-related relocation and adaptation,'' she said. But these actions alone won't solve the challenges faced by Native people and lots remains to be done, including building schools and infrastructure and addressing pollution and the effects of climate change on Native American communities, Haaland said. ``We have a long way to go to fully heal from the traumas created by historical oppression,'' she said. She added: ``I know that removing racist names, investing in broadband for Tribal communities, and protecting Native languages won't change everything. But change — even if incremental — is still change.''

Sams is the agency's first Senate-confirmed parks director in nearly five years. It was led by acting heads for years under the Trump administration, and for the first 10 months of Biden's presidency. Jonathan Jarvis, who was confirmed as park service director in 2009, left the agency in January 2017. During confirmation hearings, Sam noted his experience with nonprofit work that included facilitating land transfers and working with volunteers on conservation and invasive species management, according to Indian Country Today. He also said he would work to ensure the Indigenous history of National Park Service lands is broadly reflected, in addition to incorporating Indigenous views and knowledge in decision-making. He said it is important to work with Native Americans on traditional ecological knowledge ``based on 10,000-plus years of management of those spaces to ensure that they'll be here for future generations to enjoy.'' U.S. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland, the first

Native American Cabinet secretary, said in August, when President Joe Biden nominated Sams, that he brings diverse experience. The National Park Service is part of the Interior Department. Sams is Cayuse and Walla Walla and lives on the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation in Oregon. There, he gained a reputation for being unflappable. He has worked in state and tribal governments and the nonprofit natural resource and conservation management fields for over 25 years. ``He is known for being steady at the helm and taking challenges in stride,'' said Bobbie Conner, director of the Tamastslikt Cultural Institute on the 270-square-mile (700-square-kilometer) reservation. Kat Brigham, chair of the board of trustees of the Confederated Tribes, recalled Sams fishing for salmon in the Columbia River as a young man, standing on a scaffold and using a net, according to tradition.

New head of National Park Service CANADIAN PRESS


SALEM, Ore. (AP) — The U.S. Senate has unanimously approved the nomination of Charles ``Chuck'' Sams III as National Park Service director, which will make him the first Native American to lead the agency. Some conservationists hailed Sams' confirmation Thursday night as a commitment to equitable partnership with tribes, the original stewards of the land. ``I am deeply honored,'' Sams told the Confederated Umatilla Journal on Friday. ``I am also very deeply appreciative of the support, guidance and counsel of my tribal elders and friends throughout my professional career.'' The National Park Service oversees more than 131,000 square miles (339,000 square kilometers) of parks, monuments, battlefields and other landmarks. It employs about 20,000 people in permanent, temporary and seasonal jobs, according to its website.


December 1, 2021


AFN urges B.C. to respond to First Nations impacted by floods and landslides Many First Nations are now under evacuation order

PO Box 300 Ohsweken, ON NOA lM0 Tel: 519.445.4213 Fax: 519.445.4313

JOB POSTING Finance/Office Assistant SIX NATIONS NATURAL GAS Permanent Flooding in British Columbia is negatively affecting Indigenous Nations of that area. EMERGENCYMAPBC



The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) has called for the Government of Canada to send emergency funding directly to the First Nations Emergency Services Society (FNESS) in British Columbia to ensure quick service to First Nations impacted by recent flooding and landslides. “It is imperative that First Nations concerns are addressed by Emergency Management BC (EMBC), the provincial program contracted to provide emergency services to First Nations, without delay,” said AFN National Chief RoseAnne Archibald. “We saw the devastation caused when municipal emergencies were prioritized over First Nations during the summer wildfires. Everyone’s life matters. First Nations have a reasonable request to be treated equally and equitably.”

The Province of B.C. signed a $29 million Emergency Services Agreement with Indigenous Services Canada in 2018 to provide emergency services to First Nations in B.C. through EMBC. This agreement included 28 emergency management co-ordinator positions for First Nations, positions that have not yet been filled. EMBC contracted FNESS to provide emergency management and FireSmart training for wildfires, and to enact emergency plans for First Nations. Providing funding directly to FNESS will help ensure First Nations receive the help they need without delay. “First Nations jurisdiction must be recognized in all areas, including emergency management,” said British Columbia Assembly of First Nations Regional Chief Terry Teegee. “We are the most at risk during these catastrophic climate events, which are sadly no longer isolated incidents but ongoing

repercussions of climate change.” The Province of B.C. declared a State of Emergency on November 17, one day after Regional Chief Teegee and other B.C. First Nations leaders called on the province to do so. First Nations are 18 times more likely to be evacuated due to emergencies than non-First Nations and are still battling COVID-19 on top of flooding, the aftermath of wildfires and infrastructure damage as they move into the winter season. “First Nations, especially remote, are often the first to directly feel the impacts of climate change. Sustainable planning for the future requires immediate and equitable investments that respond to our ever-changing climate. Our unique relation with the land and the water requires our voices to lead decision making required in response to this global emergency,” said AFN Yukon Regional Chief Kluane Adamek.

Applications for the Finance/Office Assistant position will be received by Six Nations Natural Gas up until 4:00 p.m. EST, Friday December 10, 2021. Job description and Six Nations Natural Gas Application for Employment Form can be printed or picked up at Six Nations Natural Gas. NO LATE APPLICATIONS WILL BE ACCEPTED. EMPLOYMENT STATUS: WORKING HOURS: WAGE:

BASIC QUALIFICATIONS: The Finance/Office Assistant will possess the following: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi.

Method #1: Email - applications must include all of the following 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Printed, filled in Six Nations Natural Gas Application for Employment. Cover letter indicating your experience and qualifications for this position. Recent resume including current employer and listing of 3 references. Copy of education diploma and/or transcript Email all documents to please use JOB APPLICATION as your subject line.

Method #2: Hand Delivered - application must include all of the following listed; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Printed, filled in Six Nations Natural Gas Application for Employment. Cover letter indicating your experience and qualifications for this position. Recent resume including current employer and listing of 3 references. Copy of education diploma and/or transcript Hand deliver all documents and place in the drop’ slot box located on the employee entrance door at 1953 Fourth Line Road, Ohsweken, Ontario. (Blue Bldg}.

Method #3: Mailed - applications must include all of the following:

3. 4. 5.

Thank you for your support

A diploma in Accounting/Business. Working knowledge of Microsoft Office or other similar software. Preferably 2 years working experience. Working experience handling cash transactions. Must Be Bendable Must Pass a Police Check


1. 2.

Permanent 33.5 HOURS PER WEEK with potential to 37.5 hours TBD

Printed, filled in Six Nations Natural Gas Application for Employment. Cover letter indicating your experience and qualifications for this position. Recent resume including current employer and listing of 3 references. Copy of education diploma and/or transcript Mail all documents to: Six Nations Natural Gas Att’n: Office Manager P.O. Box 300 Ohsweken, ON NOA lM0



J O B Position




December 1, 2021

B O A R D Closing Date





Closing Date

Individual Developmental Mississaugas of the Contract $40,297.50- December 2, 2021 SIX NATIONS COUNCIL Credit First Nation (3 Years) $56,821.50 Admission/Concession Worker Parks and Recreation Part-Time $16.00/hour December 8, 2021 Worker (IDW) Full-Time $43,969.60 - December 2, 2021 Teacher’s Assistant Child Care Services, Contract (1 Year) TBD December 8, 2021 Major Projects Assistant Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation $62,329.50 Social Services Mississaugas of the Full-Time $47,641.50 - December 2, 2021 Maintenance Worker Stoneridge, Full-Time TBD December 8, 2021 School Mental Health Worker Credit First Nation $67,837.50 Social Services Associate Director Woodland Cultural Centre Full-Time $60,000 - December 2, 2021 Payroll Officer Finance, Full-Time TBD December 8, 2021 $70,000/year Central Administration Manager of Education Woodland Cultural Centre Full-Time $50,000 – December 2, 2021 Community Health Promoter Health Promotions, Contract TBD December 8, 2021 $60,000/year Health Services School Mental Mississaugas of the Full-Time $40,309.50- December 2, 2021 Band Representative Child & Family Services, Contract TBD December 15, 2021 Health Worker Credit First Nation $57,403.50 Social Services (1 Year) Employment Support Mississaugas of the Part-Time $18.80 - December 9, 2021 Cultural and Language Child Care Services, Full-Time TBD December 15, 2021 Assistant Credit First Nation (Contract) $26.33/hour Instructor Social Services RECE Mississaugas of the Full-Time $40,297.50 - Open Until Fil ed Food Service Worker Iroquois Lodge, Part-Time TBD December 15, 2021 Maawdoo Maajaamin Credit First Nation $56,821.50 Health Services Child Care Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Full-Time $21.00/hour December 15, 2021 Custodian/Maintenance Kawenni:io / Gaweni:yo Casual TBD Open Until Fil ed Health Services Private School Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Contract $21.00/hour December 15, 2021 Music Instructor Mississaugas of the Part-Time TBD Open Until Fil ed Credit First Nation (2 Positions) Health Services (6 Months) Mississaugas of the Full-Time TBD Open Until Fil ed Children’s Mental Health Kanikonriio Child and Youth Contract TBD December 15, 2021 Elementary TeacherPrimary/Junior Credit First Nation (Contract) Worker Programs, Social Services (Mat Leave) Kawenni:io / Gaweni:yo Full-Time TBD Open Until Fil ed Palliative Care Volunteer LTC/HCC, Health Services Full-Time TBD December 15, 2021 Teacher Assistant Private School (Contract) Manager of Services Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD December 15, 2021 Finance Administrator Brantford Native Housing Full-time TBD Until Fil ed Senior Manager of Services Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD December 15, 2021 Group Visits & Woodland Cultural Centre TBD Until filled Clinical Service Worker Child & Family Services, Full-Time Up to December 15, 2021 Cultural Interpreter Social Services $60, 000 Etiya’takenhas Shelter Ganohkwasra Family Full time TBD Open until filled RN Charge Nurse Iroquois Lodge, Full-Time TBD December 15, 2021 Relief Counsellor Assault Support Services Health Services Electoral Officer Mississaugas of the Contract TBD Until filled SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT Credit First Nation School Mental Health Worker Mississaugas of the Full-Time $47,641.50 - December 2, 2021 The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local Credit First Nation $67,837.50 positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at Environment Bio-Diversity Mississaugas of the Full-Time $18.00/hr December 2, 2021! To apply for funding, book an intake appointment with an ETC @ 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1 888 218-8230 or email us at Credit First Nation Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays... Monday through Friday from 8:30 - 4:30 pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken

Phone: 519.445.2222 • Fax: 519-445-4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230


December 1, 2021 26

29 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 2014


send notices to Fundraiser

Metal Roofing

House for Sale House for Sale Currently 4 bed/2 bath with room for more. Sits on 1.1 acre lot. $260.000. Serious inquiries only. Viewing by appointment only. Call 905-768-4413. Leave First. Last name and phone #.




DRIVE-THRU Saturday, December 18th, 2021 10:00 AM – 2:00 PM (or Sold Out) St. Luke’s Church, 1246 Onondaga Church Rd. - Smooth Town Must Pre-Order by December 17th 519-445-4204

Forestry Services

519 774 9633

insta: fjord_metal_roofing

Oneida Business Park Suite 124 50 Generations Drive (at the back of the building) off 4th Line

(519) 900 5535

30 37


December 2021 NOVEMBER 28TH,1,2018


send notices to Obituaries

In Memoriam

NANTICOKE: Harry Brian

In loving memory of Ward LaForme Sr. April 19, 1928 – Dec. 22, 2014

It is with great sadness the family of Harry Nanticoke announce his sudden passing surrounded by his loving family on November 28, 2021 in his 80th year. Harry was the beloved husband of Kahentinehson (Lorena) David. Dear Hanih of Brian (Luann), Kim, Michelle, and Hodge (Tricia). Loving Jote to 11 grandchildren, and 19 great grandchildren. Predeceased by his parents Edna Nanticoke and Vernon John, brothers David Ford, and Jeff John; grand-babies Shawn, and Leland. Gone on to join his Ma (Lily) and Yesoht. Survived by siblings Mike (Victor) Ford, Carole James, and numerous nieces and nephews. Will be missed by traditional friends Claude Sault and Jill Hill. Hyseway was a proud Bubba to his pets Ewok, and the late Jojo. Harry was a proud member of Ironworkers Local #736, and a dedicated Lacrosse & Patriots fan.

The world changes from Year to year Our lives from day to day But the love and memory Of you shall never Pass away Joan, Dale, Erna & Brent Grandchildren & great grandchildren

Memoriam for Andrew J. K. Davis

In memory of our baby boy who was taken so suddenly from us one year ago. It has been a very rough 2020 on all of us, but the only thing that matters now is we know you are still here with us every day. We always speak your name no matter what we are doing. We look at your pictures from being a baby until you became a man with a purpose in life. You went to school, graduated, then started your career The family would like to express their appreciation to Dad’s caregivers Corry, in “Iron Work - Rod Busting” along with your brother. You worked, played sports, Robbynne, Kayla, Penny, Barbara, Justice, Meals on Wheels, Six Nations hunted with your bow and most of all you became a father in 2018. Andrew, your Paramedics, Care Partners Staff, Brenda Moody, Catherine Ormond, Dr. Renn life changed completely when your baby girl, Andrianna was born. You left us and staff. A special thanks to BGH ICU staff for the kindness they showed our the greatest gift any man could leave Gramma and Papa. We will always love and Dad. “Gweh until we meet again.” Resting at his son’s Brian Nanticoke’s home cherish her and your memories forever. One day we will meet again, but until then 2887 B 6th Line, Ohsweken after 5pm. Monday. Funeral Service and Burial we know you are with our angel granddaughter, Kenna and the rest of our families will be held at Lower Cayuga Longhouse on Wednesday, December 1, 2021 at up there smiling down on us all. You were such a good person and the Best daddy 11am. In lieu of flowers donations to Diabetes Association or an Onkwehonwe to your pride and joy, but now you’re in the creator’s hands and don’t worry, we Language Program of your choice would be greatly appreciated. Arrangements will never let your baby girl forget you. We love you and miss you so much! by Styres Funeral Home Ohsweken. Love always & forever, Dad, Mom & the rest of the Davis family

Hill’s Snack Bar Come and enjoy the excellent food that Hill’s Snack Bar is famous for!

Coming Events


The Chapel 0f the Delaware annual fundraiser dinner Drive thru 3103 Third Line (between Cayuga & Onondaga) Friday December 3rd 4 - 7 p.m. Roast Beef Dinner $12.00 (roast beef, mashed potatoes, Veggies, coleslaw, dessert and roll) Advanced Orders call - 519754-9614

A “SPECIAL” thank you to my Friend, Jerry Montour for the kind words, beautiful flowers and the monetary donation in honour of my late wife Phyllis. Your comforting words and support have been greatly appreciated. You have gone “over and above” to make this especially easier for me. You truly are a FRIEND indeed. Once again, for fear of me forgetting anyone else, I truly apologize. As I am reflecting back, I know I may have still missed some of my friends in thanking you for the kind words and memories that you may have shared during my lost. Bear with me family & friends.


Bryan “B” Hill

Drive Thru Dinner

Offering Smoking and Non-Smoking Rooms


Card of Thanks

905-765-1331 3345 6th Line Road, Six Nations

Golden Spoon drive thru dinner for seniors 55 and up. December 9, 2021. 1pm to4 Family and Youth Centre 1527 Fourth Line Rd. Turkey dinner Donations appreciated.

Christmas Treats kcsweets For all your Christmas treat needs and wants. Specializing in pies, Indian Cookies, Indian Donuts, Homemade Candy, Cupcake decorating kits, Sugar Cookie decorating kits. Will also have a limited amount of homemade Fruitcake available after December 14th.


December 20212018 DECEMBER 1, 19TH,

CLUES ACROSS 1. Topsides 7. Sino-Soviet block (abbr.) 10. A Sultan’s court 12. Maine city 13. Largest living land animal 14. Appetizer 15. Encounters 16. Leader 17. The source of bacon 18. Nuclear near reach weapon (abbr.) 19. Celery (Spanish) 21. Pie _ __ mode 22. Eye disease 27. Hello (slang) 28. Those in their 80s 33. Law enforcement agency (abbr.) 34. Business organizations 36. Mimic 37. For indicating speed of rotation (abbr.) 38. Feeling 39. Visual way to interact with computers (abbr.) 40. “Let It Snow!” songwriter 41. Essential oil used as perfume 44. Norwegian composer 45. Coast 48. __ lang syne, good old days 49. Gland behind the stomach 50. Tooth caregiver

31 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Aries, when life gives you lemons, you should make lemonade. Take that to heart and try to see the silver lining when an obstacle gets in your way.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 It’s one thing to stand by your views, Taurus. It’s another to stubbornly refuse to listen to others when they make good points. Be open-minded this week. GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 You may be juggling too much at one time, Gemini. If you’re finding it difficult to manage your time, reach out to a friend or colleague for help. They’re ready and willing.

51. King of Camelot

CLUES DOWN 1. N. American indigenous people 2. Fascinated by 3. Root of out 4. Patti Hearst’s captors 5. Atomic #50 6. Habitual drunkard 7. Arabic for “peace” 8. Trickery 9. One’s physique (slang) 10. Not quite there 11. Wistfully mournful 12. Popular dance 14. Cut of meat 17. A way to stand 18. “Gunga Din” screenwriter 20. 10th month of the

Answers for December 1, 2021 Crossword Puzzle

year (abbr.) 23. A way of jumping 24. Utah town 25. Of I 26. Actress de Armas 29. Silver 30. Play a role 31. __ Falls 32. Attaches to 35. Japanese title 36. Expressed pleasure 38. Buckets 40. Dirt 41. Hypnotists’ group (abbr.) 42. Restaurant drive-__ 43. Digs up 44. He voices “Olaf” 45. Relaxing place 46. Body part 47. Pesky house critter


CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, lately you have been a person of few words, and others may be wondering what is going on. Confide in someone close to you if the need arises. LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Leo, if you are up for an adventure, look to those around you for inspiration. Maybe you’ll overhear a coworker talking about a dream getaway.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, you may start to rethink a decision you made a while ago when an unexpected hiccup occurs. Reevaluate your decision-making process. LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Good times are ahead, Libra. Focus on the fun that is coming your way and make an effort to include more good times in the weeks ahead. SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, a situation at work will require the utmost patience and perseverance. The outcome will be in your favor if you take a measured approach.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 You could use a night out with friends, Sagittarius. Make a concerted effort to get together and invite the people whose company you most enjoy.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Capricorn, you may have to reexamine your priorities. Don’t let something pull you in one direction when a friend or family member may need you more. AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 Aquarius, you’re not much of a fan of waiting games, but you will have to stick things out a little longer until your plan can come to fruition. Patience will pay off.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Avoid overzealous spending in the weeks ahead, Pisces. Find ways to be generous with your time rather than with your wallet.

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES



December 1, 2021





Our Warriors will participate in an incentive based online program every Monday & Thursday starting December 13th 2021. This 5 week, Virtual Warrior Workout will feature Coach Mike & Coach Keeley live on YouTube livestream.

To access the program. Registration is free, for more details please contact or see our Facebook page for more details; warriorparkathletics


Ages 6 - 9 6 pm - 6:45 pm Mon & Thur

Ages 10 - 13 7 pm - 7:45 pm Mon & Thur

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