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Wet'suwet'en land defenders arrested; supporters rally 892 Highway 54, Ohsweken 519-753-3835



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At least 29 people blocking construction of the controversial Coastal Gas Link pipeline in British Columbia were cleared out after dozens of RCMP officers moved in on them over a two-day period last week. After last week’s arrests, not a single land defender remains in any of the construction zones along the 670 km CGL pipeline that runs throughout the traditional territory of the Wet’suwet’en nation. About 200 km of pipeline has already been installed. “They invaded our territory,” said Wet’suwet’en member Eve Saint, whose father is hereditary Chief Dini Ze’ Woos’. “This is not over.” A contingent of Wet’suwet’en people and allies have been protesting the pipeline’s construction for the past three years. CGL consulted with the community’s elected council prior to construction. On November 14, Wet’suwet’en First Nation, the elected council, issued a public statement condemning the actions of the

Gidimt’en Clan after an eviction notice was sent to CGL and RCMP at the headwaters of the Morice River. The elected council said in their statement that the eviction notice does not “represent the collective views of the Clan or of most Wet’suwet’en people. Even though we are also members of the Gidimt’en Clan, the protesters at the “Coyote Camp” and other protest sites have never consulted us about their actions and cannot claim to represent us or any other members of the First Nation.” Saint says a number of hereditary chiefs are opposed to the pipeline, including her father. “There is a division, yes,” she said. “The hereditary chiefs have the final say. And also, other chiefs cannot have say over another one’s territory. No one can tell my father what to do on his territory or how to use his territory, so when he says he gives no consent, he does not give consent to CGL to go through and do work on the territory. Really, it doesn’t matter what these other wing chiefs… they have no say over another one’s territory.” According to a Supreme

Court decision in 1997, the Supreme Court established that the Wet’suwet’en people never extinguished title to their traditional territory. Known as the Delgamuukw decision, the Gitxsan and Wet’suwet’en First Nations took the provincial government to court to determine jurisdiction over 58,000 square kilometres of land and water in northwest BC. In 1991, provincial courts initially ruled that any rights the Wet’suwet’en and Gitxsan had over the land were extinguished when BC became a part of Canada in 1871. However that ruling was appealed and made its way to the Supreme Court of Canada — which found that aboriginal title could not be extinguished, confirming oral testimony is a legal form of evidence, and that aboriginal title includes land and rights to extract resources from the land. The Delgamuukw decision also established that the Wet’suwet’en nation and its’ hereditary chiefs have a system of law that predates the elected band council and that the hereditary chiefs, under Wet’suwet’en law, are responsible for their ancestral lands. The elected band council

and chief only have say over what’s on-reserve, said Saint. “CGL has not properly consulted the rightful titleholders of the land. This is where the arguments and debates come in.” Saint says a video of this weekend’s arrests is expected to be released. “The arrests were violent, especially toward (land defenders) Logan (Staats) and Skyler (Williams),” said Saint. Staats and Williams are both prominent land defenders mostly associated with the Land Back Lane housing development reclamation in Caledonia. Staats is also an award-winning musician. “He (Staats) looked pretty roughed up,” said Saint. “They threw down Logan by his braids and punched him in the head a few times.” Cities across the country saw solidarity protests and rallies over the weekend after the RCMP enforced an injunction last Thursday to clear land defenders from the Gidimt’en Checkpoint, a camp stationed at kilometer 44 of the pipeline route. About five of the people arrested last week remain in jail, said Saint, while the

others were released on conditions that they cannot access certain areas of the Wet’suwet’en traditional territory unless it’s for cultural or hunting purposes. Two journalists were also arrested, drawing condemnation from members of parliament and Indigenous Affairs Minister Marc Miller, saying freedom of the press is fundamental to democracy. “They took out the media first,” said Saint, who has been following the events from home in Toronto. Edmonton, Toronto, Hamilton, and Caledonia were among the cities where solidarity protests sprang up. A number of Six Nations people shut down the Hwy. 6 bypass in solidarity with Wet’suwet’en. The group has set up a camp at Argyle Street and Hwy. 6 and is calling for supplies, such as firewood and warm clothing, as they remain camped out along the bypass. Despite the clearance of land defenders from the construction zones, Saint says the fight against CGL is not over. “We need people to stand up and fight for this,” said Saint.






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November 24th, 2021

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Pediatric COVID vaccines available on Six Nations starting November 26 STAFF REPORT


OHSWEKEN — Ohsweken Public Health says paediatric doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine will be available to children aged 5-12 starting November 26. Appointments must be booked to have your child vaccinated and can be arranged by calling the Vaccine Call Centre at 226227-9288. Currently anyone 12 and over seeking a first or second dose vaccine can also walk-in at the Dajoh Youth and Elders centre in Ohsweken, 1738 Fourth Line; Monday to Friday from 9am - 4pm and Saturday appointments are available from 9am - 2pm. Individuals seeking a booster dose vaccine must book an appointment. Health Canada approved last week the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for children between the ages of five and 11, and Canada received its first shipment of pediatric doses on the weekend. Ten young kids rolled up their sleeves in Toronto to become the first to

receive child-sized doses of COVID-19 vaccines in Ontario Tuesday, hours after families across the province went online to book long-awaited shots for children aged five to 11. The first jabs went into little arms late in the afternoon after some pediatric Pfizer-BioNTech shots arrived early at a vaccine clinic. The City of Toronto said children connected with SickKids Hospital were offered the first shots. Health Minister Christine Elliott, who was on site, thanked the ``very brave'' children for doing their part to end the pandemic. ``They really, truly were superheroes, coming forward to receive the vaccination,'' she said. ``They're protecting not only themselves, but their friends and their grandparents and parents and their community.'' Stickers and applause were handed out after the kids got their needles. The city said a small number of clinics would vaccinate children on Wednesday, before appointments for many more in the young cohort pick up Thursday. The province said more than 87,500 vaccine ap-

pointments for young kids had been booked using its portal as of 5 p.m. Tuesday. That didn't include bookings through individual health units, pharmacies and primary care sites offering the shots. The provincial booking system officially opened for child appointments at 8 a.m., though some parents reported they were able to sign on slightly earlier. In Norfolk County, Teri Mackinnon had trouble accessing her local health unit's booking portal, but after waiting a few hours she was able to book a Dec. 3 shot for her 10-year-old daughter Emma. Mackinnon said she would have preferred an earlier appointment given the rising COVID-19 cases in the Haldimand-Norfolk area and high-risk health conditions in her family, but she said it's still a good feeling to finally have her daughter booked after nearly two years of public health precautions. ``It's so much better just to know that it's finally come for them,'' Mackinnon said by phone. ``This is kind of a means to an end for them, where they get to have more of a life again.''

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November 24th, 2021






welfare and well-being of our posterity.

On October 30, 2021, I was duly nominated and seconded as a candidate for Chief of the Missisaugas of the Credit First Nation and have accepted the nomination. I have held various political and executive positions over the last several years locally, regionally, nationally and consider myself a focused productive worker, always with seven generations in mind. I am very familiar with the inner workings of the Political and Administration bodies, in particular - Nation Rebuilding, Economic, Business Development, Negotiations on major projects - Land and Water Claims.


SEVEN GENERATIONS This is a concept that urges the current generation to live and work for the benefit of the seventh generation into the future. We must ensure that the decisions Chief and Council make today relate to the

The 2020 pandemic has been particularly hard on both on and off-reserve members that are renting, have mortgages, are unemployed and are in need of financial assistance to cover outstanding bills. Our elder’s healthcare and social needs, medical transportation, single moms with children, housing for single folks, education needs, tuition, living allowances for college and university students are issues that exist everywhere. As Chief, I commit to working hard to ensure that both Council and administration are on top of these issues on behalf of membership. I commit to be accessible to you, take your phone calls, come and sit with you if necessary, and to assist you as best I can in dealing with issues.


business development, infrastructure, and inclusion of our own entrepreneurs and job creation.

In June of 2017 MCFN signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Canada to explore new approaches to implementing treaties, consider new governance models, and seek resolutions for outstanding land claims. MCFN received $500,000 for these negotiations. In August of 2019 MCFN signed another Preliminary Agreement to Advance Reconciliation and establish a renewed relationship. Again, MCFN received a healthy budget to jointly develop a nation-to-nation and government-to-government relationship with Canada. MCFN has received hundreds of thousands of dollars to build a new nation-to-nation agreement with Canada in the last five years. And what is the result? Where did the money go? It is my view that the government of Canada is still on track to ultimately lessen First Nation status as a fourth order of government under control of municipalities. The art of war is said to be about strategy and tactics. If we forget history – we are bound to repeat it! As Chief, I would work directly with Council Pillar leads on Nation Rebuilding to get real results and protect our rights!

We can achieve economies of scale by having MCBC operate our existing commercial assets like 839Co, Nanticoke Solar, Niagara Reinforcement Line, and other businesses – Chief and Council should focus on its core competencies – political – not business. By bringing our business assets under one roof, we can show the world what a business minded community MCFN is.

BUSINESS – INFRASTRUCTURE – LONG-TERM SUSTAINABILITY: CHANGES WE NEED First Nations political and administrative representatives know that funding does not keep pace with inflation forcing First Nations to try to do more with less and less. Canada’s fiscal policy continues to keep us in dependency mode! I have been an advocate for long-term revenue generation beyond program delivery dollars. We cannot sustain our First Nation government without a secure financial base and long-term planning. As Chief I would push to strengthen MCFN’s

Consolidation of MCFN Assets

Admin Centre The new MCFN administration centre that was tabled in 2018 should be built at the Industrial Park facing Highway 6. We can explore opportunities for its construction and how MCFN member owned businesses can participate to create employment and revenue. Creating more office space has been “talked” about for several years now. Many outside Indigenous organizations are seeking prime on-reserve office space.

Construction Services MCFN is being regularly consulted on a number of large-scale construction projects including the CN Railway Milton Hub, Toronto Waterfront, Ontario Place – we need leadership to advocate for MCFN owned businesses including MCBC inclusion. Chief and Council should be supporting local partnerships working with community owned companies first – not by-passing our own. Signals of Business Change – MCFN needs to See and Seize the Future MCFN has near 100 acres of prime highway real estate currently providing next to no value for MCFN – we need significant investment in flood protection on the property. MCFN needs to be prepared to invest in the Industrial Park to stimulate employment opportunities and revenue generation Rather than focusing on

the past for insights, business organizations are increasingly looking forward. From last years global pandemic, how does MCFN optimize for the new reality we face? As Chief, I would work with Pillar lead, Director of Public Works, and MCBC to ensure this work gets started and completed in a timely manner.

MILLIONS AT STAKE - LAND/ WATER CLAIMS: CHANGES WE NEED Since I led the negotiation and settlement team for the 200-acre Mississauga land claim in 1996/97, each time I was elected to Council, I have been involved with land and water claims. A big part of the job of Chief is to settle land claims. MCFN has several outstanding claims still in the works, and many more to put on the table with Ontario and Canada. Rouge River Valley Tract Claim (RRVT) - In June of 2015, MCFN submitted this claim to Canada and Ontario. This claim asserted RRVT was never lawfully surrendered. It was suggested to Council the RRVT cash settlement could be in the range of $150 million at the time. It’s time to settle this claim. Water Claim - In September 2016, MCFN submitted

this to Canada and Ontario based on the fact that Aboriginal Title to water forms part of the territory of MCFN that has never been lawfully surrendered. We assert that we have unextinguished aboriginal title to all water, beds of lakes and rivers in our traditional territory. It’s time to settle this claim! 1820 Treaties 22 & 23 Claims - In May of 2018, we initially submitted these claims as substantially money claims, with huge settlement figures. It’s time to settle these claims! Between the Lakes Treaty, Niagara Treaty (1781); Head of the Lake Treaty (1806); Ajetance Treaty (1818) and Unsurrendered to the north of treaties – let’s put these on the table and let’s settle these claims! As Chief, I would advocate very strongly for a larger per capita payout from all cash land claim settlements to all band membership and set aside substantial amount of housing dollars for on-reserve members to access as well as off - reserve members that may want to build or purchase a new build on the territory. As a candidate for change I offer openness, transparency, strategic thinker, hands on hard worker, communicator, accessibility and protector of our rights. On December 11, if you are serious about change – vote LARRY SAULT for Chief! Miigwetch.



November 24th, 2021

Legacy fund for Day Schools S KET



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Six Nations community members are being invited to advise how the $200 million legacy fund for day school survivors should be administered. Indigenous communities across the country are being asked to advise the McLean’s Day School Settlement Corp. how to administer the legacy fund. Claudette Commanda, a day school survivor and chair of the corporation, told Six Nations Elected Council at its political liaison meeting on Monday that the administration of funds should be survivor-led. “This legacy fund must be survivor-led,” she said. “It is survivor-oriented and survivor-led.” The legacy fund is part of the $1.2 billion Indian Day School Settlement Agreement, which seeks to compensate victims from Indigenous communities who attended Indian “day schools” on-reserve until 1997. The Canadian government agreed to the settlement in 2019, with individual claimants eligi-

ble for amounts ranging from $10,000 to $200,000 depending on the severity of abuse suffered while attending a day school. About $200 million of the settlement was set aside for the legacy fund, to be spent on healing and reconciliation for Indigenous communities, namely support four areas: language and culture, healing and wellness, commemoration, and truth telling. The massive class-action lawsuit was spearheaded by the late Gary McLean, who died one month before Canada agreed to the settlement amount. “He was the champion for justice…for Indian Day School survivors,” said Commanda. “He negotiated, he advocated for this legacy fund. He saw that there was a need to support healing and wellness, language and culture, truth telling and commemoration.” She said it’s important that the board of the McLean settlement corporation hears from survivors on how to implement the fund. The corporation will be holding virtual legacy fund outreach and engagement

sessions across the country and invites survivors and their family members to provide recommendations to the board. “It’s so important because we need recommendations from the survivors and your families on, ‘what is important to you as a survivor? What kind of programs would you like to see in language and culture, healing and wellness, commemoration, truth telling?’” Survivors can participate in engagement sessions through the virtual platform, or, they can provide feedback by filling out the online form on the corporation’s website, via email or regular mail. Funds will go out to community-based charities through proposal-driven process. The legacy fund is specific to day school survivors. Six Nations had the largest number of day schools of any reserve in the country. $40 million of the legacy fund is for language and culture, $40 million is for commemmoration and the balance of the $200 million is at the discretion of the board.

November 24th, 2021






November 24th, 2021

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Ungodly Alliance - PART III Known health concerns ignored at Mush Hole WARNING: This story has disturbing details about residential and boarding schools including The Mohawk Institute (aka) The Mush Hole. The immediate source of this story was Mrs. Liona Moses who has since passed. Many thanks as well to former Anglican Church Historian, Dr. Wendy Fletcher who fact-proofed these instalments before being first published a decade ago. In Part III of “Ungodly Alliance” we investigate more documentary evidence which was known by both the church and state on abuses of trust, sexual and physical abuse, serious health issues, and general inhumanity which faced young Native children within the residential school system. Some modernists have tried to justify this long and horrific chapter of Canadian history, which has been kept from the Canadian people, by saying that it was a much more brutal time in those days and that one can not fairly retrofit today’s sensibilities over those of another era. But records uncovered in church, Indian Affairs, New England Company archives, and old newspapers by Anglican Church historian Wendy Fletcher, Six Nations elder and devout Anglican, Liona Moses, as well as other independent researchers and authors, prove these crimes against humanity were noted as such, even by contemporaries of the day. Ironically, Canada’s most racist and heartless figure of all time and the architect of cultural and physical genocide against

Native children is still lauded today as one of its most revered and decorated poets. Duncan Campbell Scott served as Deputy Superintendent of Department of Indian Affairs between 1913 and 1932. He was president of the Royal Society of Canada from 1921 to 1922, awarded the Lorne Pierce Medal for his contributions to Canadian Literature, and received honorary degrees from both the University of Toronto and Queens University. Even though the foundation of Canada’s assimilation policy, as declared within the Indian Act, was already somewhat in place when he took over the reins of the Indian Department, Scott single handedly took the already deplorable treatment of Native children within church run Indian schools, and codified that racist and dehumanizing practice as a national policy and expanded on it, the remnants of which are still with us today. Scott was much different than his predecessor, Frank Oliver, who in 1908 questioned the morality of the forced assimilation policy of his government and the church through the residential school system. “I hope you will excuse me for so speaking,” Oliver said in a correspondence written to Toronto lawyer S. H. Blake. “But one of the most important commandments laid upon the human by the divine is love and respect by children for parents. It seems strange that in the name of religion a system of education should have been instituted, the foundation principle of which not

only ignored but contradicted this command.” When the ungodly alliance between the Christian church and the Canadian government was officially formulated, authority and the majority of the funding necessary to keep these schools open, became the responsibility of the Indian Affairs Department. As bad as it was for the students under the church’s authority, it became far worse once the government took the lead. Dr. P.H. Bryce, M.D., was the Chief Medical Officer of the Indian Department and as such was tasked with gathering information on the health interests of Indians within the borders of the Dominion of Canada and filing reports of his findings with the department for a period between 1907 and 1914. He used 35 schools in the western provinces as his specific point of investigation, although he concluded that similar conditions were likely across Canada, including at the Mush Hole at Brantford. His reports and recommendations were never made public. These are, in part, some of the important records and documents Anglican Church historian and researcher, Dr. Wendy Fletcher, set out to gather and compile for the Huron Diocese of the Anglican Church. Bryce’s 1922 book, “The Story of a National Crime an appeal for justice to the Indians of Canada,” should have created a national stir, but it didn’t. Although his book is now out of circulation, a few rare copies still exist. In this short but shocking book, Bryce reveals some of his

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findings while working for Indian Affairs. Regarding the health of the pupils, Dr Bryce writes, “24 per cent of all pupils which had been in the schools (that he inspected) were known to be dead, while at one school on the File Hills reserve, .... 75 per cent were dead at the end of the 16 years since that school opened.” Coupled with other recently uncovered documents, it is estimated that as many as 50 percent or more of the 100,000 to 150,000 students who entered these schools never returned home alive. Dr. Bryce had many urgent recommendations in each of his official reports back to Indian Affairs, but few, if any, were acted upon. Although overcrowding and poor ventilation were well known as two of the main contributors for tuberculosis, Indian schools were thrown up with no attention paid to either. Since government funding was based on a per capita scale, there was chronic overcrowding in most schools. A “get ‘em up, and keep ‘em filled” attitude soon superseded any common sense decision making within the school’s administrators. One report speaks about the Mush Hole specifically purchasing bad and wormy oatmeal in bulk to feed the resident children while the teachers and staff ate in a separate dining room, eating fresh fruit from the school’s orchard and meat from the school’s farms. Any student caught eating an apple from the trees was severely punished. Hence the name the children gave the place “The Mush

Hole”. “We found ways of straining the maggots out by sifting the mush through our teeth,” said one former Mohawk Institute “inmate” as the children were referred to in some government documents. Bryce constantly pleaded with the government to close the worst of the schools and to renovate others to an acceptable level. “The annual medical reports from year to year made reference to unsatisfactory health of the pupils, while different local medical officers urged greater action in view of the results of their experience,” writes Bryce. He complains that although his recommendations were explicit and clearly stated, Duncan Campbell Scott stood in active opposition and ordered his deputy minister to disregard them entirely. In fact, Professor George Admi, Pathologist of McGill University stated at the time that it was “only after the earnest solicitation of Dr. D.C. Scott that the whole matter of Dr. Bryce’s report was prevented from becoming a matter of critical discussion at the annual meeting of the National Tuberculosis Association in 1910.” In response to the reports of unacceptable and growing mortality rates at Indian schools, Scott, rather than follow the advice of the medical inspectors, eliminated the office entirely in 1919. In essence, Scott’s lack of action in the face of a known crisis was tantamount to the small-pox infected blankets used to thin out the Indian population in the United States less than a century

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before, but more subtle in its approach. His “kill the Indian, save the child” philosophy became literal for Scott. Some deaths, including documented cases at the Mush Hole, were written off as death by misadventure, when neglect of adult supervision lead to abuse perpetrated by fellow students against each other. One such death was the result of what happens when you put unsupervised teens in a prison-like hierarchical system who are allowed, and even encouraged, to take control over the younger, more vulnerable ones. A young girl was forced to hang onto what what called a May Pole, which was a pole with an old wheel at the top with ropes hanging down at intervals from it. Some older kids spun the terrified girl so violently that she dare not let go or be flung a great distance, likely to be seriously injured. The wheel came off the top and fell on the girl killing her. “Records show there was a kind of hierarchy where older kids were violated and abused and went on to violate and abuse the younger ones,” says Fletcher. One former student said that every September, the older kids would fight each other to establish what the pecking order would be. According to him, this practice was not only known by the principal, but was a source of entertainment for the staff as they watched the fights take place. The winner was given special privileges and at times used by some of the teachers to do their disciplining for them.

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November 24th, 2021



Have you been paying attention to what is happening in the West? By Rachel A. Snow First Nation peoples need to wake up now. There is an urgency happening in the climate and environment that calls out to all First Nation people. This is the time we need you to be Indian. This is the time you have to think with your heart and block out all the colonized thinking that goes on in your head. Look at British Colombia. First Nations have been trying to protect the land and the old growth forests because they understand that the land relies on the trees as protectors to hold back the waters from overrunning the land. Enter the great progressive thinking Whiteman. Development means economic growth, some jobs and the perpetuation of corporate profits over people and the bottom line over humanity. As First Nations, where are we in this picture? I know the majority of First Nations fall below the poverty line, either trying to make it on reserve or in the struggle to survive in urban

settings. Our people know poverty, trauma and hopelessness. We are the people who live in addictions with trauma and despair daily trying to hold onto ancient traditions and teachings in a world that only values money. We have been at a disadvantage since the first settlers landed on our eastern shores. If you follow current “Canadian” events, you understand that the Mi’kmaq are still fighting for their right to fish for a “moderate livelihood”. Who decided that the Mi’kmaq had a right to a “moderate livelihood”? Did the Creator who gifted the Mi’kmaq with access to the bountiful waters for food say to them at some point, this gift will be revoked by a visiting group of colonial usurpers? They will try to define what fish you are allowed to hunt or use for ceremonial or give away purposes by imposing their standards on your sustainable practices that have existed for centuries. This is what is playing out on the eastern shores.

Moving west, we have Quebec asserting that they are a nation even though they succumbed to British forces and refusing to acknowledge or work with First Nations who were there before they lost their colonial takeover attempt. Moving west we have First Nations in the Robinson Huron treaty at a stalemate because Britain wrote that there would be increased annuities granted to the Indians as they shared in resource development of their territory. Canada has consistently thrown this argument back on the First Nations preferring to fight in courts so they do not have to live up to the International treaty promises made to the First peoples. The Haudenosaunee also are fighting for promised land and resource equity made by the British to the Mohawk who did help Britain secure this land so that Canada could even exist. This is true for the Dakota towards Manitoba and Saskatchewan as well. Those First Nations who turned

the war in Britain’s favor are being strung along by Canada without compensation for helping secure the land that Canadians now occupy with prejudice. In the plains, many First Nations have to wake up and see that treaties were sacred covenants that laid out First Nation responsibilities and duties to maintain a spiritual honoring of the land and waters into perpetuity. Without understanding these collective duties, we cannot move forward speaking on our “individual” rights with entitled voices. We have “rights” AFTER, way after we have fulfilled our integral responsibilities to the land. We are facing uncertainty and upheaval because we have forgotten our roles on this land. We were not placed here to open “sacred” cannabis stores. We were not placed here to take money from provincial governments to use their tainted jurisdictions in the court systems to fight to hurt the land with fracking and other unsustainable industries.

The Wet’suewet’en gained international recognition just before the COVID 19 pandemic swept the globe for distinguishing between hereditary leaders who fought for ancient traditions versus the Indian Act made leaders who are given federal budgets and who administer poverty perpetuating the traumatic existence of our people. Why must we wake up now? In our camps, in our villages, we were raised with traditional knowledge and ceremonial teachings that prepared our people for the future. All the collective people understood that they worked in unity to survive and to help protect land and water. Then Canada moved our people onto reserves. Then Canada put Indian agents in charge of the Indians on this reserve. Then Canada came for our children. Once Canada had penned our people onto reserves and had taken our children into their institutions of torture, they began to break our clan and unified teachings.

Our children in residential school learned to survive as individuals. If they sought to help each other, they would be divided and sent further from their homelands. The lesson is clear. Play the game, take the abuse, lose the language or die. This lesson became reality with the finding of 215 unmarked graves outside Kamloops Indian Residential school. First Nations peoples have been purposefully broken. The people needed to be broken to disconnect them from the land and their true purposes. Residential schools and racist Indian Affairs policies completed the move from collective thinking to individual thinking. Our people are lost. We are a great people, with a once noble calling, spiritually tied to the cosmos and gifted in speaking the languages of the land, waters, plants, animals and Creation. We are the people, so in touch with our spirituality, that we could pray and use the plants or gifts of the earth to heal illnesses or to prophesize the future.

``experts'' on what does or doesn't make a person Indigenous. The result of having genealogy as the only factor is that the dialogue is not centred on Indigenous people as socio-political groups, but racial purity which perpetuates colonial stereotypes of Indigenous identity. Understanding what makes a person Indigenous is complex. There are the obvious sources of indigeneity, such as kinship and receiving cultural teachings from Elders and knowledge keepers, that are established at birth and strengthen throughout a person's life. Other customs and traditions include adoption of non-Indigenous people by Indigenous families. Adoption is a long-recognized practice across many nations that has resulted the adoptees learning the language, cultural teachings and values necessary to be a part of that nation. Whether an adoption is valid is an issue for the nation into which the person has been adopted in to decide.

There are also examples of communities who have granted non-Indigenous people full membership, based on criteria that the First Nation has established. Fort Williams First Nation in Ontario made Damien Lee a full member, which means he is entitled to vote in elections, run for office and to benefits provided by the First Nation. He grew up on reserve, and while he is non-Indigenous and therefore does not have status according to the Indian Act, the First Nation has exercised its legal jurisdiction over identity and recognized him as a member. The critical question at the heart of this issue is how to distinguish between fraudulent claims and legitimate ones. The answer lies with the nations. Jurisdiction as a human right As self-governing nations with constitutionally recognized Aboriginal rights, Indigenous people should be the only authority when determining who is part of their nations. It should be based on their own criteria, as it was

before the imposition of the Indian Act. And nations should have the jurisdiction to enforce the laws they develop. With that in mind, Article 33.1 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) recognizes that ``Indigenous peoples have the right to determine their own identity or membership in accordance with their own customs and traditions.'' Now that Canada has passed legislation setting out a framework for implementing UNDRIP, Indigenous nations need to be recognized as the authority for determining who is Indigenous. UNDRIP does not automatically remove Canadian authority over identity, so the government will need to take action to ensure existing legislation recognizes Indigenous jurisdiction in this area. Both the Canadian government and non-Indigenous experts need to relinquish the authority they have assumed. A failure to do so will continue the discrimination and systemic violence faced by

Indigenous people. Assimilative policies Since Confederation, Canada's assimilative policies have actively worked to strip Indigenous Peoples of their identity and deny Indigenous jurisdiction. The federal government has dictated who is an ``Indian'' through the status definition in the Indian Act and recognizes ``the Indian Registrar [as] the only authority under the Indian Act who can determine a person's eligibility for Indian status.'' These policies are discriminatory and have led to the denial of indigeneity based on blood quantum and other arbitrary criteria such as marriage, university education or joined holy orders to the forceful removal of Indigenous children from their families into non-Indigenous homes and residential and day schools. The result is thousands of Indigenous Peoples being traumatized by not knowing who their families or communities are, making it extremely difficult to reconnect. The funding policies of

the federal government _ whereby resources and service delivery are concentrated to status Indians living on-reserve _ serve to create and maintain a scarcity mentality that reinforces colonial approaches to identity and undermines self-governance. If the current trend continues, whereby individuals' claims to indigeneity are going to be interrogated by non-Indigenous people, based on criteria established by non-Indigenous perspectives, Indigenous Peoples are going to face even greater barriers in reconnecting with their families and communities, and decolonizing efforts will suffer. A better solution to the issue of fraudulent claims is to support Indigenous nations and their jurisdiction over identity. This approach aligns with the UNDRIP and supports the right to self-government. Indigenous nations have been the authority on who they are for thousands of years, it is time their jurisdiction over this be recognized.

Fraudulent claims: Indigenous nations are the identity experts

By Cheryl Simon There is a growing movement to identify and call-out people who have fraudulently held positions by claiming indigeneity like Cheyanne Turions, Joseph Boyden, Michelle Latimer and Carrie Bourassa. The fraudulent claims of indigeneity are so widespread that the term ``pretendians'' has become part of regular vocabulary. On the surface, this seems to align with the interests of Indigenous Peoples, but with the call-outs come underlying components of colonialism. Namely, that Indigenous nations are not being recognized as the authorities when determining indigeneity. Genealogy as the only factor Those quick to call-out are often not clamouring for Indigenous nations' jurisdiction over citizenship, nor are they demanding ``pretendians'' be held accountable to Indigenous nations. Instead, people like non-Indigenous genealogists are being held out as



November 24th, 2021

COVID infections spike, Student community mourns loss rapid tests By TRT Staff

OHSWEKEN — Six Nations announced another massive spike in local COVID infections Tuesday, just days after the community mourns the loss of another community member to the coronavirus pandemic. Ohsweken Public Health reported 43 active COVID-19 infections on Tuesday with another 119 people in self-isolation awaiting results. Currently 1 person is in hospital. Of the currently active cases, 76% are in unvaccinated residents of Six Nations. On Friday, officials with Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council announced the passing of community member. This marks the 15th individual from Six Nations to lose their life due to complications from a COVID-19 infection. “Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council are added to see this

virus claim another life on the territory and send their sincere condolences to the loved ones of this community member,” said SNGR in a statement. The council also cautioned the community to maintain physical distancing protocols and get a COVID-19 vaccine in light of the continued rise in infections locally. The current infection rate on Six Nations again places the community at the highest case rate per 100,000 in the province with a reproduction rate of 328.43 per 100,000. Locally, Brant County is sitting at 26 cases per 100,000 and Haldimand/ Norfolk is at 58 cases per 100,000. In Brant County, health officials announced it was the fifth week of a rise in cases with a spike in transmissions at public schools and their transportation routes. Plans to distribute take-home rapid antigen tests to publicly funded schools are now underway.

over break By TRT Staff TORONTO — Ontario students will be sent home for the December break with five rapid antigen COVID-19 tests each as part of the province's plan to ramp up testing over the holidays. Those who choose to participate in the voluntary program will be instructed to take tests every three to four days over the holiday break beginning Dec. 23. The provincial government spent $50 million to procure the tests. The government is also planning pop-up testing clinics in high-traffic public spaces like malls, holiday markets and retail stores so people can be tested during the busy holiday season. Selected settings will be places where proof of vaccination isn't currently required.

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November 24th, 2021





November 24th, 2021

C AL L F OR EM ERG ING M US ICIAN S Hamilton Arts Council is seeking artists from a variety of cultural musical themes and styles.


BIPOC hART music series FEBR U ARY 2 022

Celebrating diverse representation in the performing arts and creative industries by showcasing emerging artists from across the Greater Hamilton Area and Six Nations of the Grand River.

Successful applicants will receive: Performance opportunity & compensation in accordance with professional standards. A professionally filmed & produced video of their work. A unique platform to reach new audiences. An opportunity to meet & work with other music professionals.

2021 featured artists:





HAMILTON ARTS COUNCIL Accepting applications until December 12, 2021 :

OGWADENI:DEO from 1pm-7pm Dec. Dec. 1st 1st & 2nd 2nd from 2 2469 t 4th ne Line o d Road, s e en Ohsweken



After Hours Team Members Intake Support Team Members Family Support Team Members Children Support Team Members Receptionists (Part-Time) Maintenance Worker (Part-Time) Clerical Support Members (Contract)


What is a Community Care Leader What is Kinship Care How Can I Help Our Families and Children DROP IN FOR INFORMATION ABOUT HOW YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN A CHILD'S LIFE!


November 24th, 2021


Economic Development Trust gives away close to $2 million By TRT Staff A new townhouse complex is among the projects expected to come to fruition after the Six Nations Economic Development Trust approved almost $2 million in grants for 2022. The Trust received 10 applications asking for around $4 million. They agreed to disperse $1,936,738.20 in community investment funds that flowed from the Six Nations of the Grand River Economic Development Corporation. Following individual and group scoring, as well as shortlist presentations, the Board of Trustees approved two grassroots and five general applications for community investment. These seven organizations will receive $1,936,738.20 to invest in the collective benefit of the Six Nations of the Grand River. EDT funds are made available through annual distributions of surplus profits by the Six Nations of the Grand River Development Corporation (SNGRDC). These profits are a result of SNGRDC’s operations both on and off reserve, including but not limited to, Six Nations Bingo, A6N Utilities, Six Nations Tourism, along with various investments in the renewable energy industry. All approved EDT applications must benefit the Six Nations collectively and align with the Trust Indenture, Community Plan, Community Needs and Priorities and the EDT Investment Guidelines. The following seven projects have been approved for 2022 Community Investment: -Two Row on the Grand will receive $2,500 to assist with Cultural Teachings and Social Dancers for Two Row on the Grand 2022 -Jamieson Home and School will receive $15,000 to replace the old unsafe basketball court with a new basketball court for school physical activities and for community use. -Six Nations Housing will receive $1,066,304.60 to assist in building a 5-unit townhouse - Six Nations Language Commission will receive $300,000 to assist with their critical mass of bilingual speakers for the

language programs they currently offer - Woodland Cultural Centre will receive $68,683.60 to assist with a seasonal series of cultural workshops centered around the Cycle of Ceremonies translated in the language that will be a video resource for the community - Kayanase will receive $203,900 to assist

in building the capacity of Kayanase’s seed bank for the conservation and preservation of Carolinian Species and by extension the local ecosystems - Ganohkwasra FASS will receive $280,350 to build an administration wing to house current admin staff which will free up office space for much needed counsellors.

Since the formation of the EDT in 2016, over $12.6 million has been invested to date. The 2022 allocation raises the grand total to just over $14.6 million. A complete list of all current and past recipients is available at recipients/ The Economic Development Trust (EDT) is the mechanism in which

surplus profits generated by Six Nations of the Grand River Development Corporation (SNGRDC) are invested into the Six Nations Community for the collective benefit of its members. This model of distribution was a direct result of the 2011 community engagement study “We Gather Our Voices”. The EDT will continue to invest in the

Six Nations Community in future years through yearly distributions made possible by SNGRDC. The SNGRDC manages the Six Nations’ economic interests in 20 renewable energy projects and numerous economic development opportunities, in and around the Six Nations territory.

Ontario Government Notice Notice Of Public Information Centre – Focused on the Federal Impact Assessment Process for the Highway 413 Project THE PROJECT The Ontario Ministry of Transportation (MTO) is in Stage 2 of the Highway 413 Transportation Corridor Route Planning, Preliminary Design and Provincial Environmental Assessment (EA) Project, formerly known as the GTA West Study. Building on the recommendations from Stage 1, the EA is identifying the route, determining interchange locations and completing the preliminary design for a new transportation corridor within the Route Planning Study Area. The new highway and transitway will include: a 400-series highway, transitway and potential goods movement priority features. On May 3, 2021, the Federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change designated the Highway 413 Project under the Federal Impact Assessment (IA) Act. MTO is preparing an Initial Project Description (IPD), which covers preliminary consultation and engagement, the need for the project, potential alternatives, existing and future conditions, and the studies being undertaken to inform the potential changes as a result of the project. The Impact Assessment Agency of Canada (IAAC) will use the IPD to inform their decision on whether a Federal IA of the project is required. Submission of the IPD to IAAC is anticipated in early 2022. PUBLIC INFORMATION CENTRE (PIC) You are invited to attend an upcoming Public Information Centre (PIC) to help shape the content of the IPD and to ensure that your community’s interests are captured appropriately in the IPD prior to submission to IAAC. This meeting will exclusively focus on sharing the reason for the Federal designation, reviewing the IA process, discussing the technical studies being added to the project in response to the Federal designation, obtaining your feedback on our understanding of the socio-economic contexts of your communities, and obtaining your feedback on our understanding of the key issues raised by stakeholders in your communities and Indigenous communities and how we are addressing them through the project. The PIC will be conducted as an online session hosted through the Zoom platform and the materials for each event will be specific to the regions identified for each meeting date. December 7, 2021 – Peel Region 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.

December 9, 2021 – York Region 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.

December 14, 2021 – Halton Region 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.

To register for the PIC, please visit and click on the Zoom registration link under the Upcoming Opportunities for Input section. If you have accessibility requirements, please leave a message on the toll-free telephone line at 1-877-522-6916 or e-mail For the best experience, we encourage you to join the PIC on Zoom through an electronic device. If you don’t have access to an electronic device, you can listen to the PIC through your telephone. A recording of the event will be posted on the project website. Again, this PIC will focus on the Federal IA process for the project and questions regarding the Provincial EA should be submitted separately to the Project Team. COMMENTS Comments and input regarding the project are encouraged. This material will be maintained on file for use during the project and may be included in project documentation. Information collected will be used in accordance with the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and the Access to Information Act. With the exception of personal information, all comments will become part of the public record. Project information is available at Des renseignements sont disponibles en français en composant 289 835-2484 (Yannick Garnier).











November 24th, 2021

Governor General centres 'lifelong journey' of reconciliation in speech CANADIAN PRESS


OTTAWA — Gov. Gen. Mary Simon, the first Inuk person to serve in the role, centred the theme of reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples in Tuesday's speech from the throne with an introduction — delivered in English, French and Inuktitut — that she had written herself. ``I encourage you to seek out the truth, and to learn about the lived realities in First Nations, Inuit and Metis communities,'' Simon said in the speech delivered in the Senate chamber. ``Although each community is distinct, we all share a desire to chart a way forward together towards reconciliation.'' She also touched upon the finding by First Nations of hundreds of unmarked graves on the sites of former residential schools across Canada earlier this year. ``We cannot hide from

these discoveries. They open deep wounds,'' she said in French. At the same time, she said there is hope. ``Reconciliation is not a single act, nor does it have an end date. It is a lifelong journey of healing, respect and understanding,'' she said. Simon, who was born in Kangiqsualujjuaq, in the Nunavik region of northern Quebec, is a wellknown advocate for Inuit culture and rights. She has served as the president of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, a national advocacy organization for Inuit. She was also Canada's ambassador to Denmark and the Canadian ambassador for circumpolar affairs. When she was named as Governor General in June, she responded to questions about her lack of fluency in French by saying she was denied the chance to learn the language while attending federal government day schools as a child. Throne speeches are written by the Prime Min-

ister's Office but governors general can add some lines of their own. The speech from the throne has the Liberal government promising to bring together all levels of government as well as Indigenous Peoples to attract business to Canada. It says federal government will continue to respond to the calls to action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which investigated the history and harmful legacy of residential schools in Canada, by creating a national monument to honour survivors. It will also name a special interlocutor to seek justice on residential schools. At the intersection of mental health and Indigenous Peoples, the government will invest in a mental health and wellness strategy that is distinctions-based _ meaning that it will take into account the different needs of First Nations, Inuit and Metis _ and guided by Indigenous Peoples, residential school survivors and their

families. The government is also committing to work to remedy the issue of Indigenous family separation by the child-welfare system, while ensuring compensation for those harmed by those services. The speech says the government will speed up action in collaboration with Indigenous partners to address the national crisis of missing and murdered Indigenous women, girls and LGBTQ people. It also says reconciliation requires a ``whole-of-government'' approach, breaking barriers and creative strategies for accelerating the work that needs to be done. The government is also pledging to help close the gaps that First Nations, Inuit and Metis communities continue to face, mentioning the standing long-term drinking water advisories and putting in place the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Lynne Groulx, CEO of the Native Women's Asso-

ciation of Canada, said that while the speech's theme of reconciliation came through clearly, she is concerned about whether those commitments will be executed with meaningful action. One example of the federal government's lack of concrete action on reconciliation, said Groulx, is its action plan in response to the national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. ``We have concerns that what they're going to do again, is take some funding that is very short term, put it on the table, and it's not going to be what's actually needed, which is a long-term investment in resolving some of these issues,'' she said. Groulx said: ``If the government in the day had enough money to build all those residential schools, they need to find the funding now to build as many places that we need for healing and fix some of the problems here.'' She said instead of taking action through

top-down bureaucratic systems, the government should empower organizations that work with Indigenous communities and have Indigenous-led and elder-led solutions. Bloc Quebecois Leader Yves-Francois Blanchet said in French that in the throne speech, the government used a lot of buzzwords including references to Indigenous peoples, but it was light on substance and detail on concrete steps. Conservative Leader Erin O'Toole said his party is there to be the voice of Canadians on a number of issues, including those who want ``to see real progress on the path to reconciliation and not just symbolic gestures.'' In his response to the throne speech, NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh did not comment specifically on the commitments on Indigenous reconciliation, but said the Liberal government is one that ``has run out of ideas, and run out of steam.''


November 24th, 2021



‘Musical Matriarch’ Joanne Shenandoah passes By Nahnda Garlow Oneida Nation, Wolf Clan artist and GRAMMY award winning musician and activist Joanne Shenandoah passed away on Monday. The Native American Music Awards released a statement following the news of her passing, saying Shenandoah died at the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona following complications of abdominal bleeding and suffering a cardiac arrest.

“Joanne’s beautiful embellishing voice, strong Iroquois traditions, unequivocal elegance and courteous grace made her a prominent role model and highly respected musical Matriarch among Native American communities as well as the mainstream music community at large. She sang with deep roots from her ancestors and flawlessly incorporated her oral traditions into contemporary Folk, Country and Ameri-

cana formats,” said NAMA. “She captured the hearts of audiences all over the world and always took time to encourage and inspire younger musicians in her travels. She made an incredible impact on this earth and has paved paths for so many. The Native American Music Awards will continue to best ensure and preserve her legacy. She will be greatly missed.” Shenandoah recorded 15 albums in the 50

years that she shared her talents with the world. She received 14 NAMA Awards, received a GRAMMY and two GRAMMY nominations. She was an original board member for the Hiawatha Institute for Indigenous Knowledge at Syracuse University. Shenandoah leaves behind her husband Doug, daughter Leah, grandson Kieren Ryder, sisters Diane and Vicky along with numerous nieces and nephews. She was 63.

New Patients Welcome! 345 Argyle Street South Unit #104 ,Caledonia, ON N3W 1L8 Phone: 905-765-4362(iDOC) Fax: 905-765-1362 Web: Monday: 9:00am – 6:00pm • Tuesday to Thursday: 9:00am – 7:00pm Friday: 9:00am – 6:00pm • Saturday: 9:00am – 4:00pm

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LIVE CHAT (MESSAGING) Link on under Crisis Support Live Chat

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The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line. A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker.

TEXT MESSAGING 226-777-9480

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response. Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet. Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8:30am - 4:00pm

National Addictions Awareness Weeks Closing Event:

Free Drive In Movie Night

Join us for a night of popcorn, snacks and a special screening of Six Nations' very own Jessie Anthony's movie: Brother I Cry

Friday November 26, 2021 6 - 8pm 18 +


IF YOU HAVE A FEVER, COUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, The SixSEEK Nations MobileCARE CrisisEARLY Services is a MEDICAL confidential service offering crisis Stay home if you feel unwell. If support to Six Nations of the Grand River. youfeatures have a fever, coughaand The new run through program difficulty breathing, seek medical which offers safe and encrypted attention and callconversations in advance. technology to keep confidential and secure.

Source: World Health Organization

ILA Sports Parking Lot 3201 Second Line, Hagersville COVID-19 protocols will be in place

Brother I Cry is a story of Jon, First Nations father, who struggles to stay out of jail and away from drugs, while the strong women in his life: his sister, mother, and pregnant girlfriend, try to support him.

Registration Required. To Register: Call 226-446-9902 OR email




November 24th, 2021

know the score.

ALL West Division shapes up for December By TRT Staff with notes from

This photo is from an old newspaper showing Willie Logan making a lacrosse stick. FILE

He made the best sticks in the world Recognizing Wilfred “Willie” Logan STAFF REPORT


It is with great sadness that the family of Wilfred “Willie” Logan announced his passing, March 15, 1935 - November 11, 2021. Logan was inducted into the Ontario Lacrosse Hall of Fame in 1998 as a player that played for intermediate and senior teams based in Kitchener, Hamilton and St. Catharines. He was a member of an Ohsweken team that won a CanAm League championship. He was known for the “Logan special,” a coveted design and make of wooden lacrosse stick, as Logan utilized a unique technique in carving of the curve for the head of the stick. The legacy of stick making was passed down by his father Joseph Logan of Six Nations, and Logan set out to keep producing the best wooden lacrosse sticks in the world. Lacrosse players from Canada, US as well as England regularly ordered "Logan specials". A draw

knife was used to produce the final form of the stick with Willy carefully providing finishing touches with sandpa-per. The Logan special was made of selected wood with straight, close grains that gave superior strength and resilience and remain a favourite among stick collectors. Father of Teense (late Ted Bomberry), Deenie (Coop Martin), Aub (Care) Logan, Dan (Debbie) Logan, Bedge (Ben) Vyse and Tiger (Natasha) Logan. Brother of Robert Logan (Shirley) and sister Ivadell Logan. Predeceased by wife Anne “Toots” Logan (nee Greene) and parents Joseph and Vernie Logan, brother Irvin (Verna) Logan, Roger and Eva Logan, Garnett (Ivan) Thomas. Son in law of the late Annie and Isaac Greene, brother in law of deceased Elwood Greene, Gene Greene, Marion Davis, Jesse Greene, Patricia Clause and Ben Greene. Willie leaves behind 16 grandchildren, 36 great grandchildren, 2 great great grandchildren and many nieces and nephews.

BRITISH COLUMBIA — A familiar face in Lower Mainland lacrosse circles will serve in a pair of key roles for the new West Division of the Arena Lacrosse League, after the announcement of the ALL West logos and team names. Kevin Hill will act in a scouting/management role for the ALL West Division. Originally from Six Nations, Hill moved to the Lower Mainland about 20 years ago. The former goaltender remains active in the game serving as general manager of the Western Lacrosse Association’s Burnaby Lakers as well as working as a western scout for the National Lacrosse League’s Halifax Thunderbirds. He was also a scout for the Iroquois Nationals at the 2019 World Lacrosse Indoor World Championship held at Langley Events Centre. Hill's role will focus on ensuring the league has the best available talent playing while also supporting the teams' coaching staffs through the draft preparation and selection process. The season is slated to begin December 11 and each of the four teams will play a 12-game schedule with Langley Events Centre hosting the games. The full schedule and team names, as well as coaching staffs, are expected to be announced in the coming weeks. For the ALL West Division, there will be no shortage of knowledge when it comes to the coaches either. Russ Heard, Rob Williams, Rod

Jensen, and Tyler Crompton will lead the four respective teams when the ALL West Division. Russ Heard has coached since 2001, spending time in the Western Lacrosse Association as the head coach with both Burnaby and New Westminster, as well as in the National Lacrosse League as an offensive coordinator with the Colorado Mammoth. He is also currently the head coach of the Burnaby Lakers Junior A team. He will be assisted by Andy Ogilvie and Blair Bradley with Warren Goss and Troy Dickson serving as the team’s managers. Rod Jensen, has 40 years coaching experience, including time in the NLL as a head coach (Colorado Mammoth), offensive coordinator (Vancouver Ravens) and defensive coordinator (Calgary Roughnecks), as well as in the WLA with Coquitlam and Langley and in the BCJALL with Delta. He was also the defensive coordinator for Coquitlam when the team won the 2010 Minto Cup. Jensen still spends his summers behind the bench with Langley in the WLA. Dave Pym and Fred Klomp will serve as Jensen’s assistants while Darcy Dagan is the team manager. Thirty-six-year-old Tyler Crompton has spent about 20 years coaching at various levels, including serving as an assistant with Port Coquitlam at both the Junior A and Intermediate A levels. He also coaches a trio of youth teams in Chilliwack, an elite youth travel program and serves as president of the Chilliwack Hawks Field Lacrosse


program. While now retired from playing, Crompton isn’t that far removed from his own playing days, having suited up for Team Finland two years ago at the World Indoor Lacrosse Championship. Crompton will have Adam Smith and Chase Porter as assistant coaches. The final coaching staff features Rob Williams with Tewanee Joseph and Yul Baker as assistant coaches while Ryan Williams and Brian Borkowski are the team managers. Williams is the current head coach of the WLA’s Maple Ridge Burrards and has previously served as an assistant coach in the NLL with the Calgary Roughnecks, as well as with the Iroquois Nationals at the 2019 World


Indoor Lacrosse Championship, helping the team win the silver medal. The head coaches were selected by Rob Buchan, who will serve as the director of lacrosse operations for the ALL West. Buchan has been involved in the sport as a player, scout and manager and currently serves as the vice-president and general manager of the Langley Thunder senior A and junior A teams, as well as working as a western scout for the NLL’s Buffalo Bandits. Rob joins his older brother Ken, who is serving as the commissioner. The season is set to begin December 11, 2021 with the four teams slated to play a dozen games apiece, all of them at Langley Events Centre.

November 24th, 2021





November 24th, 2021

Two Haudenosaunee youth teams take home IIJL Championships STAFF REPORT


MASSENA, N.Y. — For the first time since 2016, the International Indoor Junior Lacrosse (IIJL) Championship took place between November 11-14, at the St. Lawrence Centre Sports Complex, with teams from the Haudenosaunee, Canada and U.S.. The U15 Team Haudenosaunee met up with Team U.S., first off, raking in a close win at 14-13. Their next match brought Team Haudenosaunee against Team Canada, with another win 10-6. The two opposing teams then battled it out in two consecutive games, with Team Canada winning the first 12-11, then Team U.S., winning the second 14-13. That made the championship final a battle between Team Haudenosaunee and Team U.S., with a stellar victory for Team Haudenosaunee 16-8. This was the first silver for an International Junior Team

U.S., to be earned. The U15 Team Haudenosaunee was comprised of Shako Rice, Jibby Watkins, Chaz Norton, Tayoni Galente, Kariwanoro Squire, Joaquin Gatt, Mannox Jamieson, Darris Jones, Nate Doxtator, Tonton Vandommelen, Rakawineh Elijah, Keaton Sandy, Kohe Lazore, Kayden Hearn, Kaleym Racette-Monture, Moagie Buffalo, Ryder Sunday, Warren Cook, Taka Thompson and Kenny Porter. On the other end for the U17 Team Haudenosaunee, the squad met with the Team U.S, and took their first win, followed by their second win over Team Canada, 6-12. This was followed by two contending games between Team Canada and Team U.S., with two wins: 12-6 and 11-4, for Team Canada. This hosted the final championship game to Team Haudenosaunee and Team Canada, 14-10. The U17 Team Haudenosaunee was comprised of Kayman Diabo, Vern Cook Jr., Bryson Green,

New NLL team appears By TRT Staff with notes from

PHILADELPHIA – On November 22, the National Lacrosse League announced that it continues its unwavering commitment to its foundational pillars of heritage, inclusion and service with the unveiling of NLL Unites, the league’s umbrella social responsibility program. NLL Unites will combine the efforts of the league, teams, players and partners to promote each of those pillars through storytelling, education, activation and access. NLL Unites will continue to evolve as the program develops and grows. Most visibly and imminently for the coming 2021-22 NLL season, players will wear a specially designed helmet decal with a Every Child Matters logo designed by Curt Styres and the Halifax Thunderbirds organization, raising awareness of the history and role of residential schools throughout North America. The pillars of heritage,

inclusion and service are at the heart of NLL Unites: Heritage involves honouring the history of lacrosse and being advocates for the indigenous community. It connects inherently with our sport, NLL players and staff. Inclusion is focused on making sure anyone who wants to play, watch or experience the NLL feels welcome. We want more people and kids having access to lacrosse. We embrace the challenge to make lacrosse for everyone. While service highlights the community efforts of the league and its teams as the NLL is now in 15 markets across North America; we will work to positively impact our communities and give back. NLL Unites was formed through collaboration and consultation with various partners and leaders in CSR. RISE conducted a series of focus groups with NLL players, teams, and front office staff to explore topics around diversity and inclusion, heritage, and equality.

Kash Doxtador, Lenni Thompson, Tryton Benedict, Kemper Martin, Jaden Kennedy, Landen Jimerson, Brody Thomas, Mitch Vanevery, Warren Oaks, Rahonwinetha Elijah, Ryan Hess, Garyn John, Hawi Francis, Tray Miller, Owen Vanloon, Trysen Sunday, Shakorennawis Doxtador and Nick Thomas. This gave trophies and undefeated round robin championship runs to both the U15 and U17 Team Haudenosaunee.

The U15 Team Haudenosaunee was comprised of Shako Rice, Jibby Watkins, Chaz Norton, Tayoni Galente, Kariwanoro Squire, Joaquin Gatt, Mannox Jamieson, Darris Jones, Nate Doxtator, Tonton Vandommelen, Rakawineh Elijah, Keaton Sandy, Kohe Lazore, Kayden Hearn, Kaleym Racette-Monture, Moagie Buffalo, Ryder Sunday, Warren Cook, Taka Thompson and Kenny Porter. SUBMITTED

Six Nations Justice Department - Community Evaluation of Services Six Nations JusticeIndigenous DepartmentVictim - Community Services Evaluation of Services

Indigenous Victim Services

Community members who have received services from Indigenous Victim Services are invited to participate in awho community evaluation of services. This evaluation being are Community members have received services from Indigenous VictimisServices conducted by Six Nations Justice Department in partnership with the McMaster invited to participate in a community evaluation of services. This evaluation is being University School of Social Work (Dr. Bonnie Freeman, Dr. Allyson Ion, and Shelbi conducted by Six Nations Justice Department in partnership with the McMaster Jonathan).

University School of Social Work (Dr. Bonnie Freeman, Dr. Allyson Ion, and Shelbi The evaluation survey aims to understand the experience of previous clients of Jonathan). Indigenous Victim Services. The goal of the evaluation is to improve the continuum of care offered to community members and ensure that the program is fulfilling the The evaluation survey aims to understand the experience of previous clients of expectations of the Six Nations community.

Indigenous Victim Services. The goal of the evaluation is to improve the continuum of care offered to communityParticipants members and ensure thatonline the program is fulfillingthat theshould This survey is anonymous. will answer survey questions only take up to of 10 the minutes. Personal information is only collected if participants choose expectations Six Nations community. to enter to win a $50 gift card for completing the survey.

This survey is anonymous. Participants will answer online survey questions that should only take up to 10 minutes. Personal information is only collected if participants choose to enter to win a $50 gift card for completing the survey. The survey can be found at:

Last chance to complete the survey will be: January 12, 2022.

The survey can be found at:

Six Nations community members can also share feedback about Indigenous Victim Services in an individual interview. If interested, please contact Shelbi Jonathan, Evaluation Assistant via email at

Last chance to complete the survey will be: January 12, 2022.

We appreciate your assistance and feedback and thank you for sharing your valuable knowledge andcommunity information. Six Nations members can also share feedback about Indigenous Victim

Services in an individual interview. If interested, please contact Shelbi Jonathan,

Shelbi Jonathan, Evaluation Assistant via email at Dr. Bonnie Freeman, Dr. Allyson Ion. WeBucci, appreciate your assistance and feedback and thank you for sharing your valuable Tim

knowledge and information.

Shelbi Jonathan, Dr. Bonnie Freeman, Dr. Allyson Ion. Tim Bucci,


November 24th, 2021






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2016 RAM 1500

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XLT SuperCab XTR4x4 3.5L Ecoboost 8"Box BackCam 99,425KM




2019 FORD F-150


2019 FORD F-150


2019 FORD F-150

XLT Sport SuperCrew 4x4 2.7L Ecoboost 5.5ftBox Nav 53,681KM

XL RegCab 5.0L 8"Box BackUpCam PrevRental 30,133KM

XLT Sport SuperCrew 4x4 5.0L 5.5"Box Roof Nav 71,684KM






N 0



2018 FORD F-150

XL SuperCab FX4 5.0L 6.5"Box BackCam 56,218KM


N 0


BRING IN YOUR STATUS CARD AND PAY NO TAX 230 Lynden Road, Brantford, ON, N3T 5L8 (beside Galaxy Coin Wash) 519.752.4535


COMMUNITY MEMBERS! Do you have an interest in Six Nations community governance? Dointerest you have interest inofSix Nations Do you have an in an being a part the TEAMcommunity examining governance? the current Six Nations of Do you have an interest in the being a part of the TEAM examining Grand River 2019 Election Code? the current Six Nations of

the Grand River 2019 Election Code?

We are seeking Committee members, including youth, to sit on the SIX NATIONS ELECTIONS CODEincluding AD HOCyouth, COMMITTEE. We are seeking Committee members, to sit on the SIX NATIONS


Six Nations of the Grand River has its own custom Election Code. The Election Code governs the election process for Chief and Council.

Six Nations of the Grand River has its own custom Election Code. The Election Code governs the election process formember Chief and It will be the responsibility of each committee to Council. attend regular monthly

meetings, conducting community meetings. The expectant length of the project will be for It will be the responsibilityapproximately of each committee member one (1) years. to attend regular monthly

meetings, conducting community meetings. The expectant length of the project will be for approximately one (1) years. PROCESS FOR APPLICATIONS:

To be considered for the Election Code Ad Hoc Committee, the Community Member must submit in writing a letter explaining their as a panelist, two (2) recent letters PROCESS FORqualifications APPLICATIONS: of reference, AND highlights their experience and/or Member education in To be considered for atheresume Electionwhich Code Ad Hoc Committee, the Community must Indigenous policy, Indigenous political governance development, human rights, submit in writing a letter explaining their qualifications as a panelist, two (2) recent letters Indigenous law, and/or professional association.

of reference, AND a resume which highlights their experience and/or education in Indigenous policy, Indigenous political governance development, human rights, Please submit your letter of application, references and resume in a sealed envelope Indigenous law, and/or professional association. clearly marked: Please submit your letter of application, references and resume in a sealed envelope ELECTION CODE AD HOC COMMITTEE clearly marked: SIX NATIONS ADMINISTRATION


ELECTION CODE AD HOC COMMITTEE P.O. Box 5000 Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 SIX NATIONS ADMINISTRATION Deadline for submissions: T.B.D. 1695 CHIEFSWOOD ROAD P.O. Box 5000 Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Please forward electronic submissions to:

Shirley W Johnson, Office Manager of Central Administration Email: Deadline for submissions: T.B.D. Telephone: 519-445-2205, ext. 3233

Please forward electronic submissions to: Shirley W Johnson, Office Manager of Central Administration Email: Telephone: 519-445-2205, ext. 3233



J O B Position


SIX NATIONS COUNCIL Cook Community Support Services Student Nutrition Program Health Promotions, Site Support Worker Health Services Accounts Receivable Clerk Finance, Central Administration Registered Early Child Care Services Childhood Educator Intake Crisis and Child & Family Services, Response Worker Social Services Portfolio Lead – Community Administration, Health Services Health and Wellness Admission/Concession Parks and Recreation Worker Teacher’s Assistant Child Care Services, Social Services Maintenance Worker Stoneridge, Social Services Payroll Officer Finance, Central Administration SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT Employment Support Mississaugas of the Assistant Credit First Nation Pandemic Response Nurse Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation RECE (4 Positions) - Maawdoo Mississaugas of the Credit Maajaamin Child Care First Nation Employment & Training Grand River Employment Coach (TOJ) and Training IT Support (TOJ) Grand River Employment and Training Inc. Janitor Grand River Employment and Training Inc. Bingo Sales Representative Six Nations Development Corporation Bingo Hall Cook Six Nations Development Corporation Project Finance Assistant Woodland Cultural Centre



B O A R D Closing Date





Front Desk Assistant

Woodland Cultural Centre

Full-Time (Contract) Full-Time


November 29, 2021


November 30, 2021

Full-Time Part-Time


Full-Time Full-Time


Information Services (IS) December 1, 2021 School Mental Health December 1, 2021 Worker Environment Bio-Diversity



December 1, 2021


Individual Developmental December 1, 2021 Worker (IDW) Major Projects Assistant


December 1, 2021 December 1, 2021 Unit Coordinator -

Associate Director Manager of Education

Woodland Cultural Centre

Music Instructor

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Kawenni:io / Gaweni:yo Private School Brantford Native Housing Woodland Cultural Centre

School Mental Health


December 8, 2021 Worker


December 8, 2021 December 8, 2021

Part-Time $18.80 - November 25, 2021 (Contract) $26.33/hr Full-Time $28.30 - November 25, 2021 (Contract) $39.58/hr Full-Time $40,297.50 - November 25, 2021 $56,821.50 Full-Time TBD November 26, 2021 Casual








Full-Time (Temporary)


Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays... Monday through Friday from 8:30 - 4:30 pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken

Six Nations Polytechnic Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Woodland Cultural Centre

Part-Time $16.00/hour December 8, 2021 Contract (1 Year) Full-Time Full-Time

November 24th, 2021

Elementary TeacherPrimary/Junior Teacher Assistant

Finance Administrator November 26, 2021 Group Visits & Cultural Interpreter November 26, 2021 Etiya’takenhas Shelter Relief Counsellor November 27, 2021 Electoral Officer

Closing Date

Full-Time $47,641.50 - December 2, 2021 $67,837.50 Full-Time $18.00/hr December 2, 2021 Contract $40,297.50- December 2, 2021 (3 Years) $56,821.50 Full-Time $43,969.60 - December 2, 2021 $62,329.50 Full-Time $47,641.50 - December 2, 2021 $67,837.50 Full-Time $60,000 - December 2, 2021 $70,000/year Full-Time $50,000 – December 2, 2021 $60,000/year Part-Time TBD Open Until Fil ed Full-Time (Contract) Full-Time (Contract) Full-time -


Open Until Fil ed


Open Until Fil ed


Until Fil ed Until filled

Ganohkwasra Family Assault Full time TBD Open until filled Support Services Mississaugas of the Contract TBD Until filled Credit First Nation November 27, 2021 The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at November 29, 2021! To apply for funding, book an intake appointment with an ETC @ 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1 888 218-8230 or email us at Phone: 519.445.2222 • Fax: 519-445-4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230


November 24th, 2021 26

CLARK WYTHE "90" ry of our dear brother and Uncle Clark "90" who passed November 26, 2015.

21 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 2014


He never looked for praises, send notices to never He was one to boast, He just went on quietly working In Memoriam For the ones he loved the most

His dreams were seldom spoken, CLARK WYTHE “90”few, His wants were very In loving memory of our dear brother and Uncle Clark “90” And most theNovember time his whoof passed 26, worries 2015. went unspoken too. for praises, He never looked He was never one to boast, He just went on quietly working a For firm foundation the ones he loved the most

He was there, All through theHisstorms of seldom life spoken, dreams were His wants few, A strong quiet soul towere sit very with And most of the time his worries In times of stress and strife. went unspoken too. He was there, a firm foundation throughturn the storms weAllcould to of life A strong quiet soul to sit with were good or and bad In times of stress strife.

A strength When times One of our greatest blessings A strength we could turn to When times were good or bad Was the man we called Dad

Virtual Drop-In

Metal Roofing

Discover Learning with the Achievement Centre We offer a free Virtual DropIn series for adults wishing to explore their learning journey. Building confidence in essential skills will help pursue your employment, education, or independent goals. Drop-In every Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday from 1pm to 3pm. To receive your virtual invitation, register with us by emailing: angel.skye@ or text 519-757-5989 to find out more information.

519 774 9633

insta: fjord_metal_roofing

One of our greatest blessings Was the man we called Dad

ever forgotten brother by Joe & Sue, Jackie n Marti, Elvis, Bonnie, Greg n Dice n Forever loved and never forgotten brother by Joe & Sue, Jackie n Marti, Elvis, Bonnie, Gregand n Dicenieces n Sherri and nieces and nephews. Sherri and nephews. Till We Meet Again Till We Meet Again Forestry Services


As the winter is coming upon us we have decided that Neil’s Chip Stand at 1241 2nd Line .. will be open ONLY on Fridays from 11-6 pm for the Best Fish and Chips for the next three weeks until Dec 10th.



November 24th, 2021





send notices to Obituaries



GENERAL: Melvin Norman “Mutt”

LaForme: Roberta Rosalind nee: Greene December 30, 1966 - November 9, 2021

BOMBERRY: Frederick Morley

At Brantford General Hospital on Wednesday, November 17, 2021 at the age of 77 years. Loving father of Denise (Eric), Kelly (Elliott), Chad, Scott (Sarah), Tara (John), and Dewey (Judy). Dear grandfather of Madisen (Drew), Stevee (Lindsey), Delaney, Devon, Shonee, Emy, Tia, Sako, Trey, Mackenzie, Kiana, Keara, Mitchell, Marshyll, Kaileah, Tie, Lyla, Derion, Hope, Kellen, Kyrah, and the late Tashina, and many great grandchildren. Son of Bernice Davis. Brother of Virginia (Snooks), Jean, Debby (Russ), Joyce, Dolores (Jiggy), Nancy, and the late Lois. Uncle to many nieces and nephews. Resting at his home 65E Bicentennial Trail, Ohsweken after 12 noon on Friday. A graveside service will be held at Sour Springs Longhouse on Saturday, November 20, 2021 at 11am. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

Loving wife of Christopher (Peewee) LaForme. Cherished mother of Morgan (Beau) Hill, Aaron (Jacquie) LaForme, and Hilary LaForme. Loving grandmother of Bailey, Silas, Chantay, Achillies, Darnell, and Halsey. Daughter of the late Maurice & Roberta (Bomberry) Greene. Loving sister of the late Adam (Misty) Greene, Liz (Beano) Clause, Monica (the late Bill) Clause. Survived by nieces and nephews, Austin, Erin, Alison, Adin, Josh, Kelli, Andrew, Jordan, Everett, Casey, Brina, Lily, Nate, the late Clark, and many great nieces, nephews, aunts, uncles and friends. Special friend of Leslie Maracle. A private family service will be held. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

Hill’s Snack Bar Come and enjoy the excellent food that Hill’s Snack Bar is famous for!

ALL DAY BREAKFAST Offering Smoking and Non-Smoking Rooms


905-765-1331 3345 6th Line Road, Six Nations

Peacefully on November 21, 2021 at Brantford General it’s with heavy hearts we announce the sudden passing of Fred Morley Bomberry at the age of 74 years. Lifelong companion to Ruby Hill. Step-dad to Devrin (Becky). Papa to Kaylee (Mason), Johnathan and Hank. Great-papa to Heath and Laikyn. Predeceased by parents Betty and Carmen Bomberry. Siblings Linda (Oats), Jimmy (Audrey), Harvey (Darlene), Marvin (Hazel), Dave, Jerry, and late Bobby. Predeceased best friends Andrea and Clint. He will be missed by many friends, extended family, nephews, nieces, special niece Lynn. A memorial to follow. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

House for Sale

House For Sale Currently 4 bedroom/ 2 bathroom with room for more. Sits on 11 acre lot. $260,000. Serious inquiries only. VIEWING BY APPT. ONLY. Call 905-768-4413. Leave First, Last name and Phone number.


It is with sad hearts that we announce the passing of Michael Philip Pangowish who began his journey home on November 16th, 2021. He was born April 13th, 1956 in Little Current, ON. Son of Joseph Pangowishba and Angeline Trudeauba; Brother of Jeromeba, Alvin (Jude), Robert (Shelia), Loretta, Delores (Bernard), Darron (Sandra), Mark and Kenny. Loved by his partner Cyndi; his children Albert, Esentsei and Ninaatig; and grandson Tritin. Godfather to Lisa Lavallee. Beloved nephew of Annieba, Rebakahba and Eleanor. Grandson of Marieba (Trudeau) and Onezime Royba; and Michael Pangowishba and Philomene Gabow Pangowishba (Wassegijig). Michael will be sadly missed by many cousins, nieces, nephews, inlaws and friends.

Michael was a transparent wall technician for more than 40 years. Over the years, he was actively involved with community by facilitating and participating in hockey, baseball, volleyball, lacrosse and playing cards. He was an experienced bingo player and appreciated his time spent with family playing games - cards, board games and when he could kick the can. He enjoyed camping, being outside, sleeping, cooking, looking at the stars and swimming.

Visitation will be held at Buzwah Church, in Wiikwemkoong November 18th and 19th. Funeral service will be held on November 20th, at Buzwah Church at 11am. Upon Michael’s request, cremation will follow Service for burial at a later date.

(Arrangements entrusted to the Jackson & Barnard Funeral Home)


November 24th,2018 2021 DECEMBER 19TH,

CLUES ACROSS 1. FDNY’s union 4. Hideout 7. Trent Reznor’s band 8. Old World tropics plants 10. Places to stay 12. Group of organisms from a common ancestor 13. TV character Goodman 14. Not around 16. Title of respect 17. Ceramic jars 19. British legal authority (abbr.) 20. A companion (archaic) 21. Where groups of people live 25. Indigenous person of NE Thailand 26. Red-brown sea bream 27. Ridge of jagged rock 29. Meat from a pig (French) 30. A way to save for the future 31. Opposite of bottom 32. A term of endearment 39. Weight used in China 41. You need it to hear 42. Frighten 43. Basics 44. Computer data collection (abbr.) 45. The best point of something 46. Jewelled headdress 48. Spoke 49. Mammary gland of female cattle 50. Midway between north and northeast 51. Defunct European economic group

23 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Aries, family tops your list of priorities. You are likely to spend considerable time with loved ones in the days to come. Relish in all the opportunities to enjoy one another. TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 You may feel uneasy or worried for unknown reasons, Taurus. Trust your gut in this instance and steer clear of trouble should it try to find you.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 Gemini, focus on keeping your cool even if others are trying to provoke you. Be the bigger person in all of your interactions. You have great control of your emotions.

52. Foul-mouthed Hollywood bear

CLUES DOWN 1. In tune 2. Ending 3. Ring-shaped objects 4. Equal to 10 liters (abbr.) 5. Removes from record 6. The lowest point 8. Plant cultivated for its tubers 9. Dry or withered 11. Stony waste matter 14. Speedometer reading 15. Each of two or more forms of the same element 18. A baseball stat 19. Corporate PR exec (abbr.) 20. Insures bank’s depositors

Answers for November 24th, 2021 Crossword Puzzle

22. Made dim 23. Uncultured person 24. Paddle 27. Currency of Cambodia 28. Pitching stat 29. A place to put mail 31. God of battle (Scandinavian) 32. 10 years 33. Resinous substance secreted by insects 34. Losses 35. S. American plants 36. Void of thought or knowledge 37. Stout-bodied moth 38. Transferred property 39. Russian pop act 40. Accept 44. A retrospective military analysis (abbr.) 47. A type of center


CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, you have been working very hard lately and this may result in an overactive and tired mind. You should factor in a break so you can recharge your body and spirit.

LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 The conditions are right for finishing important tasks, Leo. You will be able to come up with wonderful ideas that have true staying power. Pursue your options. VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, your energy will remain high this week, enabling you to get many things done. Additionally, you may have a big change coming, like buying property or landing a new job.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Be confident and listen to your instincts, Libra. Do so before undertaking any important tasks that turn up in the days or weeks ahead. SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, it may be tempting to shirk your responsibilities right now, but resist that temptation. Keep your head down and keep working. It will all soon prove worth it.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 Sagittarius, you may have to reset your priorities, as new information has come to the surface. Prioritize responsibilities so major issues are taken care of first. CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Capricorn, unavoidable situations may cross your path and it is important that you stay the course. Committing to tackling things head is the most productive approach. AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 Aquarius, you treasure friends and family, and this week calls for an important decision that could affect them all. It may be tough but you will make the right call.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Pisces, minor obstacles are in your path and it’s easy to get frustrated. Once you clear the hurdles it will be smooth sailing before long.

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES



November 24th, 2021

DIABETES AWARENESS MONTH The Michener Institute of Education at UHN celebrates all patients, caregivers and health care providers who work to reduce needless limb loss and harm due to diabetes.

Learn more about Michener’s Chiropody program and the Chiropody profession at

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