Page 1

THE SPIRIT OF ALL NATIONS WEDNESDAY October 27th, 2021 | | 519-900-5535 | Grand River Territory | FREE

Jan Longboat appears in Genius 100 Visions of the Future 892 Highway 54, Ohsweken 519-753-3835

Six Nations elder Jan Longboat has been recognized as one of 100 recognized community leaders from around the world — giving feedback on their hopes and dreams for humanity’s next 100 years. See story on Page 2. KOBLUN

Come see us for great savings




519.759.8140 PM42686517

Your insurance and community partner We hire local, shop local, and support community members and charities through donations and sponsorship We take pride in investing back into the community we share · 2176-B Chiefswood Rd, Ohsweken Call us today for a free quote (519) 445-2795

Home | Auto | Commercial | Pensions | Group | Risk Management




October 27th, 2021

keeping you informed.

Mohawk elder receives award for participating in 2019 historical book Janice Longboat made history for being selected as a Genius 100 JACE KOBLUN


Six Nations Mohawk elder Janice Longboat made international history in 2019 for being selected to write a submission in part of the world’s first 3D book titled, “Genius: 100 Visions of the Future” to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein’s groundbreaking General Theory of Relativity. The book is now complete. Genius 100, referred to as G100, was born out of the centennial celebration of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. To honour this landmark occasion, 100 of the world’s greatest minds were researched, selected, and nominated to contribute their vision of the future. Longboat received her copy of the book and award recognition a few weeks ago and shared with the Two Row Times her thoughts on having participated in the project. “For me, it emphasized my passion,” says Longboat. "And my passion has always been associated with my community. I’ve worked very hard all my life to make sure that the community lives their passion and takes care of one another.” The book contains wisdom and advice from 100

Janice Longboat participated in the creation of the book “Genius: 100 Visions of the Future” and received her copy in the mail a few weeks ago. JACE KOBLUN

recognized community leaders from around the world — giving feedback on their hopes and dreams for humanity’s next 100 years. Longboat was selected

as the only Onkwehonwe participant, in an ambitious project that brought together contributors like Barbara Streisand, Micheal Bloomberg, Deepak Chopra, and David Suzuki.

The book is comprised of essays from 100 of the most eminent global thought leaders on their unique perspective of the fast-approaching future. Longboat was profiled

along with these thought leaders as an internationally recognized herbalist, elder, traditional healer, and teacher. “Her vision is to promote and support healthy and safe first nations families through the teachings and practice of their culture,” says the Genius 100 website. Organizers call it a “century-in-the-making publishing milestone. Longboat said she was among the first 25 people chosen for their vision of the future and the practical efforts they have been involved in within their own communities to bring about peace and understanding. Officials with Genius 100 said Longboat was “nominated and vetted by an international committee for her work for her community and for all indigenous communities.” The following is Longboat’s submission; Today it is my vision and dream to reclaim the sacredness of the Indigenous life circle. The concept of the Indigenous circle is the braiding or tying together of all the spoken words of an Indigenous society. The words become a story to be forever passed on from generation to generation through the intent of the Good Mind. As Indigenous people, we never wondered if the universe is more complex

than our brain. The answer from the Indigenous knowledge keepers knew that in a metaphorical sense the universe is our brain, thus the Indigenous life cycle is the vision of the Good Mind. Our ancestors may not have known the speed of light; however, they fully understood and practiced the really that the universe is greater than what we see and feel. Therefore the ancient Indigenous knowledge of universal energy of stories, visions, dreams, are not separate from our man consciousness. How does one describe the human relationship of this great universal energy? When we come together in the circle of Indigenous cultural themes and act them out, the production of collective sacred energy connects to all life. Every day we send our greetings and thanksgiving to the Mother Earth, Father Sky, Grandmother Moon, birds, animals, plants, the four winds, medicines and water, and to the greatest gift of human life; the Creator. “My vision today is to reclaim Indigenous thought, so we don’t destroy the interlocking web of life forever,” says Longboat.





October 27th, 2021


Mohawks celebrate 237th anniversary of the Haldimand Proclamation DONNA DURIC


As Six Nations grapples with two ongoing land reclamations in Caledonia and Brantford, the significance of the 1784 Haldimand Proclamation has become more apparent. The proclamation, signed on Oct. 25, 1784, granted Six Nations Mohawks almost a million acres on either side of the Grand River from its mouth to its source after fleeing their homelands in what is today upper New York state after the American Revolutionary War. Six Nations Mohawks, under the leadership of Chief Joseph Brant, fought as allies with the British Crown during the American Revolution. The proclamation, sometimes referred to as a deed or grant, is often cited when arguing Six Nations’ land rights within the Haldimand Tract. The Haldimand Tract refers to the million acres on either side of the Grand River from its mouth to its source. Today, the Six Nations of the Grand River

“reserve” only comprises about five per cent of the original million acres in the Haldimand Tract. The dispossession of those lands are the subject of a massive court case Six Nations of the Grand River filed against the Crown that will finally be heard before a judge in September 2022 – almost 30 years after the case was first filed. Grassroots community members celebrated the signing of the proclamation over the weekend with a dinner at Kanata Village in Brantford and a march through Caledonia on Monday. But what they celebrated the most was their sovereignty – and refusal to view any of their land as Crown land. “In 1784, there was no such thing as Crown land,” said Anthony Hill, who identifies as one of the “Mohawk Workers” – a group of Six Nations Mohawks who maintain they are the true signatories to the Haldimand Proclamation. The proclamation, signed by then-governor of Quebec, Frederick Haldimand, reads in part: “I do hereby in His Majes-

NLL West includes 6 Haudenosaunee players By TRT Staff with notes form

The National Lacrosse League (NLL) will return to action for the 2021-22 season with opening weekend set for December 3-4, 2021 and will welcome a new team as the Panther City Lacrosse Club will be a part of the new West Division. The following is a teamby-team capsule of each club that will make up the West Division: beginning with the Calgary Roughnecks (5-5, third in West Division 2019-20). A champion was not crowned in the 2019-20 season due to the pandemic, so the Calgary Roughnecks enter the 2021-22 season as defending champions. The Roughnecks will be adding players from both the 2020 and 2021 drafts into the mix. Key additions include Nate Wade and Harrison Matsuoka and key losses

include Dane Dobbie and Tyson Bell. Next is the Colorado Mammoth (7-6, second in the west Division 2019-20). The Mammoth did not get off to a good start in the 2019-20, opening the season by losing six of their first ten games. But a three-game winning streak pushed Colorado over .500 and into contention for a playoff spot. The tide was changing for the Mammoth who traded for right handed forward Tyler Digby from the New York Riptide to bolster the right hand side of the offence. In their last game, they had an impressive comeback against the Knighthawks after starting the game down 7-1. The loss of captain Dan Coates will hurt the Mammoth defence and leadership in the locker room but provides more opportunities for young players such


ty’s name authorize and permit the said Mohawk Nation and such others of the First Nation Indians as wish to settle in that quarter to take possession of and settle upon the banks of the river, commonly called (Ouse) or Grand River.” Hill and about 30 years enjoyed a roast beef dinner at Kanata Village in Brantford, a former tourist destination and interpretive centre that features a replica longhouse on its

property that the Mohawk Workers reclaimed in 2007. Regardless of the wording in the Haldimand Proclamation, Courtney Martin says the Mohawk people have always occupied land along the Grand River, even before the Haldimand Proclamation. “There was Onkwehonwe villages all throughout the Grand River prior to the (American) Revolution. Left Mohawk Valley

How did we lose all this in the first place? I think we’re doing it to ourselves. The Grand River Mohawks have been in this location since time immemorial. You’ll find now that they’re digging up flint going back to the Stone Age. As Onkwehonwe people, as Kanienkehaka, as Mohawks, they come from the land of the flint. So that’s how long our people have been (here). I’m talking all our relations, all over Turtle

Island, from north, central and South America. Our people have been here through wars, through inquisitions, through genocide, which is still taking place. They’re still trying to take our identity through policies but we’re still here as Onkwehonwe people, standing strong.” Martin said they’re not really celebrating the Haldimand Proclamation but celebrating that, “We’re still here. The Onkwehonwe are still here.”

S.E.E.D SCHOLARSHIP Science Education & Employment Development


2,000 AWARDS




ELIGIBILITY • Must be a registered • Must have an overall average apprentice with the Ministry of 70% or more at one of of Advanced Education and the levels and be able to Skills Development or another demonstrate financial need. provincial apprenticeship registrar. • Apprentices are eligible to receive a SEED • Must be a Six Nations band apprenticeship award on a member. one-time basis only.



For more information visit our website!






October 27th, 2021

Ontario lifts capacity limits where proof of vaccination is required CANADIAN PRESS







2018 GMC SIERRA 1500

LTZ 3.6L MoonRoof LeatherHeatedCooling BackCam 88,478KM

LT CrewCab 4WD 3.6L 6"Box BackCamRemoteStart 115,112KM

Elevation DoubleCab 4x4 5.3L 6.5"Box HeatedSeats 122,159KM





2018 FORD F-150



2018 GMC SIERRA 1500



XLT SuperCrew4x4 5.0L 6.5"Box BackCam 75,395KM

2 DoorCoupeHatchback 2.5L MoonroofLeatherHeated 197,985KM





SLE CrewCab4x4 Z71 5.3L 6.5"Box LeatherHeatedSeats 78,684KM PLUS HST & LICENSE FINANCING AVAILABLE

BRING IN YOUR STATUS CARD AND PAY NO TAX 230 Lynden Road, Brantford, ON, N3T 5L8 (beside Galaxy Coin Wash) 519.752.4535

TORONTO — Municipal leaders and business owners in Ontario welcomed the lifting of capacity limits for facilities requiring proof of COVID-19 immunization on Monday, but said more help is needed to bounce back from the pandemic. Starting at midnight, restaurants, gyms, casinos and other locations required to ask customers for proof of immunization could open to a full house. Other spaces not subject to that provincial rule, like museums and galleries, places of worship and personal care services, were also permitted to open at full capacity if they required proof of vaccination. Edison Xue, the manager of La Prep restaurant in downtown Toronto, said the province's decision to lift capacity restrictions is good, but won't help his business as long people

continue to mostly work from home. ``It's really hard to say (if it's) going to help my business or not because my business really depends on how the pandemic goes,'' Xue said on Monday. ``It really depends (on) how many people really come back to work, not like once or twice a week.'' Mayors of the largest municipalities in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area said they support the province's move to lift capacity limits. ``This is a sign of the progress we have made across the GTHA and the entire province combatting COVID-19 and getting residents vaccinated,'' the group said in a written statement following a meeting. They also encouraged people to support local businesses, especially restaurants still struggling from losses they accumulated during the health crisis. ``Many businesses have

a COVID hangover from the earlier stages of the pandemic and need our support by shopping, eating and drinking local,'' the statement said. Premier Doug Ford announced the changes on Friday as he unveiled longterm plans for managing the pandemic. Those plans include aiming to remove all public health measures meant to slow the spread of COVID-19 by late March, including mask mandates. Proof-of-vaccination requirements will start to be lifted early next year _ as long as trends don't become concerning _ starting with restaurants, bars, gyms and casinos in January. Ford described his approach to loosening restrictions as ``super cautious'' but some experts have noted that it's hard to know what the situation in Ontario will be in January or March.


Food & Craft Sale October 2nd, 16th, 30th 2021


78 1st line Road and Hwy 6 S 10am to 3pm Featuring local Businesses Of Mississaugas of the Credit Join Us for good food and shopping Weather permitting we will be outside Rain location inside beside New Credit Variety Store (former Country Style)





Batteries, Drain Cleaners, Oven cleaners

Pool Chemicals, Ammonia, Bleach, Aerosols

Pesticides, Rat Poison, Pharmaceuticals, Cleaning Fluids

Gasoline, Paints, Oils, BBQ Starter, Solvents, Propane Cylinders


Paint Floor/Furniture Polish Fluorescent Light Bulbs Acid & Bleach Chlorine Ammonia Batteries Upholstery Cleaner Antifreeze/Motor Oil

Solvents/Thinner Shoe Polish Moth Balls Propane Cylinders Aerosol Sprays Toilet Cleaner Pool Acid Rug Cleaner Gas/Diesel Fuel

Paint Removers Silver Polish Photographic Chemical Drain Openers/Cleaners Abrasive Scouring Powders Window/Surface Cleaners Pet Care Products Pesticides & Herbicides Brake/Transmission Fluid


Explosives -PCBs-Pathological-Radioactive-Ammunition-Commercial Waste FOR DETAILS CALL PUBLIC WORKS 445-4242


October 27th, 2021

Government accused of stealing money from Indigenous Children CANADIAN PRESS


WINNIPEG — Lawyers for Indigenous child welfare agencies in Manitoba are in court today as part of an ongoing lawsuit accusing the provincial government of misappropriating more than $250 million meant for Indigenous children in care. The lawsuit claims the province began clawing back money from agencies in 2006 while the NDP was in power. The money was part of the federally run Children's Special Allowance Act, which allows agencies to apply for a monthly payment from the federal government for children in care. The practice of getting agencies to remit the funds continued when the Progressive Conservatives formed government in 2016. It eventually stopped in 2019. The court proceedings are expected to take four days. Parties speaking on the

case include lawyers for a former Child and Family Services executive, who is proposing a class-action lawsuit on behalf of children in care, and lawyers for the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, which says the province is abusing its power by enacting a clause in legislation that would prevent it from being sued over the former practice. At the end of the week, a judge may be able to force the government to repay the funds. Lawyers for the child welfare agenciessay the case is a dispute between Indigenous peoples and the province. ``We are dealing with the rights of Indigenous people in this case. The rights of Indigenous children,'' said Kris Saxberg. ``Anything to do with child welfare, anything to do with the taking of the Children's Special Allowance affects Indigenous people.'' Money from the funds can be used to pay for food, recreation or shelter. They are equal to the maximum federal child benefit.


New Patients Welcome! 345 Argyle Street South Unit #104 ,Caledonia, ON N3W 1L8 Phone: 905-765-4362(iDOC) Fax: 905-765-1362 Web: Monday: 9:00am – 6:00pm • Tuesday to Thursday: 9:00am – 7:00pm Friday: 9:00am – 6:00pm • Saturday: 9:00am – 4:00pm


Christmas Baskets is now being called Winter Food Hamper/Gift Card Giveaway 2021 Social Services is now administering the program Contact number 519-445-0230

Registration forms can be picked up/dropped off at: Family Gatherings – 18 Stoneridge Circle OR

(right/end entrance)

Ontario Works – 12 Sunrise Court OR


Deadline is November 15, 2021




October 27th, 2021

Follow the story on social media!


Who decides what's essential? The importance of Indigenous ceremony during COVID 19 By Jodi John, Ph.D. Candidate, Geography and Planning, Queen's University, Ontario; Angela Mashford-Pringle, Assistant Professor/Associate Director, Waakebiness-Bryce Institute for Indigenous Health, University of Toronto; Heather Castleden, Professor and Impact Chair in Transformative Governance for Planetary Health, School of Public Administration, University of Victoria; Janice Hill, Associate Vice-Principal (Indigenous Initiatives and Reconciliation), Queen's University, Ontario; Marc Calabretta, Research Program Manager, Health, Environment, and Communities Research Lab, Queen's University, Ontario; Mark Dockstator, ?Associate Professor, Chanie Wenjack School for Indigenous Studies, Trent University, and Wendy Phillips, Elder in Residence, Queen's University, Ontario During the COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown in September 2020, Ojibway Elder Wendy Phillips and her partner, Mark Phillips conducted an in-person 12-day celebration of life ceremony at their home near Havelock, Ont., despite public health recommendations dictating otherwise. Indigenous ceremonies have been central to Indigenous health and well-being since time immemorial. Despite the genocidal policies and practices ex-

ercised by Canada, these ceremonies continue to be an important part of life and sustaining good health for many. In March 2020, federal and provincial governments announced lockdowns _ provinces began prohibiting communal services and social gatherings and in-person contact was discouraged. In September 2020, the Ontario government announced further restrictions to social gatherings as well as ceremonial and religious gatherings. And those found in violation could face up to $10,000 in fines. While COVID-19 exacerbated many of the health disparities Indigenous people face, everyday actions of land-based regenerative resurgence, including some ceremonies, continued. Teachings that Elder Phillips and her partner received from their elders about the 12-day celebration of life ceremony, was that it had to be performed, every four years, no matter what. No matter the weather, no matter the situation _ with ideally 64 people _ regardless of western conventions of public health and politics. Was this determination to continue with the ceremony an act of Indigenous resistance and resurgence and did it reflect reassertion of nationhood and self-determination seen elsewhere throughout the pandemic? This was a question our research team wanted to explore. Centring the voice of ceremonialists

Led by Elder Phillips, Ojibway, Bald Eagle Clan from Wasauksing First Nation, we are a culturally diverse group of Anishinaabe and Haudenosaunee elders and knowledge keepers, Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers who were concerned about the potential impacts disrupting ceremony would have on Indigenous Peoples' health and well-being. We asked those who participated in the ceremony: what is the right thing to do? Our aim was to listen to ceremonialists who chose to continue despite the provincial government's rules and public health directives, including directives from Indigenous health authorities (like the COVID-19 Advisory on Sweat Lodges and Potlatches) in recognition that Indigenous autonomy over ceremony has been historically criminalized and is all too often silenced. The ceremonialists we spoke with talked about how crucial ceremony is as a way of life and well-being, and for some even lifesaving: ``Ceremony actually saved my life. It saved my son's life. It's saving our people,'' said one of the participants. Although extra precautions and COVID-19 considerations were made _ including both Indigenous medicines and consideration for public health recommendations _ it was clear that despite the pandemic, taking part in ceremony was essential. Ceremony helps people stay connected We asked participants

Volume 9, Issue 14 Make advertising cheques payable to:

Garlow Media

to explain why ceremony was important. They talked about identifying ceremony as a way to connect with self and identity, as well as family and community. Being involved in ceremony gave them a sense of connection and belonging within the colonial Canadian context of forced disconnection from culture and community via state annihilation attempts (like residential schools, the `60s scoop and the child welfare system). Ceremony was identified as safe space to heal from intergenerational trauma. One of the participants said: ``What really brings me here is working on myself, being the best person I can be, being the best Anishinaabe, best nijiwakin (father) and best shomis (grandfather) that I can be ? this is something my parents couldn't give me because of residential school and intergenerational trauma and being taught not to practice ceremonies.'' In addition to the individual and community healing part of ceremony, many also voiced a sense of responsibility for the continuation of ceremony and traditional knowledge. This sense of responsibility was expressed in terms of honouring their ancestors' historical struggle to protect this knowledge and way of life, as well as ensuring it continues for future generations. ``These are important ceremonies for us, and this is important for our well-being and the well-being of future

generations,'' said one of the participants. ``This is why we try to continue to ensure that this knowledge and traditions can continue.'' Provincial restriction caused frustration and anxiety When it came to provincial restrictions, which were intensified during the celebration of life ceremony, participants voiced both frustration at the interference in their way of life, and some anxiety about the potential for police intervention and/ or fines. They all however remained unwavering in their commitment to continue participating. Most often, frustrations were expressed in terms of the historical and ongoing colonial relationship with the government, and ongoing battle to protect Indigenous ways of being. ``This isn't the first time that going to ceremony gets you fined. It's happened before but I'm following through with what I believe and the faith I have,'' said one of the participants. The federal government banned Indigenous Peoples from conducting their own spiritual ceremonies from 1884 to 1951; fines and prison sentences were the consequences if caught. This aspect of the Indian Act was known as the Potlatch Ban because that ceremony, in particular, was deemed ``anti-Christian, reckless and wasteful.'' Despite such racist and repressive policies, the Potlatch and other ceremonies were never entirely suppressed

Publisher: Jonathan Garlow Head of Production: Dave LaForce Editor & Social Media: Nahnda Garlow Writer: Donna Duric Website Manager: Benjamin Doolittle Senior Writer: Jim Windle Columnist: Rachel A. Snow Writer: Jace Koblun Advertising Sales Co-ordinator: Marshall Lank Advertising Sales Executive: Christine Patton Advertising Sales Executive: Ashley Smith Distribution Manager: Tim Reynolds Brantford Distribution: Christian Kovacs Distribution: Logan Martin-King

Oneida Business Park Suite 124 50 Generations Drive, Box 1 Main office: (519) 900-5535 Editorial line: (519) 900-6241 Advertising line: (519) 900-6373 Ohsweken, ON N0A 1M0

Thank you for your advertising support!

and have been practised openly since the ban. One participant said: ``The fine that they are implementing, it might as well be a million dollars. I can't afford it, but I'm not leaving either. I'm staying. These ceremonies are important. Ceremony has given me quality of life.'' Should Indigenous communities continue to fear repercussions at the hands of the government and police for upholding their traditional ways? During this pandemic, Indigenous communities have reasserted nationhood and their desires for self-determination. However, the government continues to signal that it is not ready to move beyond its colonial relationship through blanket restrictions put in place by the government without regard for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples or consultation with Indigenous people themselves. Pandemic or not, can we move toward a relationship with the Crown where Indigenous nations are sovereign with the power and authority to decide how to best protect their citizens? So decisions can be rooted in culturally safe and community-led solutions? Indigenous nations are best suited to understand these essential needs, not simply when it comes to protecting their citizens, but also honouring the past and protecting future generations.

For advertising information: General inquiries: Website:

October 27th, 2021



Let's counter patriarchy with Indigenous female leadership By Rachel A. Snow During this time of year, many First Nations spend time remembering our ancestors, those we have lost and those who have taught us about this world and our responsibility in it. In Stoney Country we remember the lives of our relatives and ancestors with feasts. We remember our cultural identity and the familial responsibilities that we are to fulfill based on the traditions and time honoured ways of our people. At the forefront of these times of remembering, our women take the lead. We are the traditional memory, the knowledge keepers and the balance in our societies. It is said in our Nakoda traditions that the grandmothers, the matriarchs, have the power to depose a chief. Across this land, in our traditional societies, women held the last word on who held leadership positions with authority, benevolence and an understanding of their responsibilities. My late father, Dr. Rev. Chief John Snow wrote about the role of the chief

and the expectation that the leader lived for the people, cared for the people as if they were his own family. The key characteristic of leadership was always humility. The chief worked in service of the people and was the leader for everyone, meaning they listened and responded to the guidance of Elders, women and all their relatives or clans as they forged their path forward. Traditional leadership is not based on the leanings of a single man (or group of men), but on the ability of a leader to negotiate in a community of close relations who each carry a part of the wisdom of the whole. Together, leadership was a shared responsibility that involved listening and being guided in order to work in the people’s interest. When the Department of Indian Affairs took it up on themselves in 1876 to impose their patriarchal system on the First Peoples under the Indian Act, they unilaterally deposed all women of their cultural and leadership rights and responsibilities. The took away rights in order to mimic their settler model

of patriarchy, which held women as chattel – objects to be owned, like cows and horses. Indigenous men who received rights and privileges from white men took this bait and accepted the inequity of the system as the new normal. They took advantage of a violence against our sovereign matriarchal systems and we, as communities, continue to pay the price with poor infrastructure, distorted governance systems and the continued denigration of women. The power of women to depose and to call for new leadership, once taken away, proved a death knell to many communities. This power imbalance proved fatal to communities now subject to the will of men over the autonomy of women. This system mimics mainstream and is not our way. It has taken generations of fighting back to bring us to our new context: where we can build on the generations of women who have worked to restore the balance in our communities, but this work is only beginning.

In the 1980’s, Indigenous women worked to revamp the education system. In the 1980’s, Alberta Billy from Laichwiltach We Wai kai Nation, an attendee of the Indian Ecumenical Conference in Morley, was the first to call for and receive the first church apology that started us down the path of reconciliation with religious institutions, putting the issue of residential schools at the forefront for a generation. In this 1980s it was Indigenous women trained in social work who worked to challenge the child welfare system to allow children to stay within families of extended relatives and end the exploitation of the 60’s scoop. Women like Cindy Blackstock continue the tradition of child welfare activism to change a system bent on denigrating the rights of women. At the grassroots level, First Nations people are starting to push back against Indian Affairs chiefs and councils. Recently, in Carry the Kettle First Nation, Saskatchewan, a group of matriarchs occupied space

in their community band office requesting financial information from the Chief and Council. Similarly, The Haudenosaunee matriarchs have been challenging the status quo of Indian Affairs designated Chiefs, for almost one hundred years. Acts of peaceful protest are happening throughout Indian Country and will continue because there is a huge disconnect between our original governance systems for and of the people and the installation of false governments imposed by Indian Affairs. Indigenous women are leading the challenges across this land as evidenced by Kanahaus Manuel and her sisters at the Tiny House warrior camp. Even though many of us are targeted, harassed and falsely challenged with legal orders to keep us from asserting our traditional rights and responsibilities. This has led many Indigenous women to be devalued and cast aside by a system run by white patriarchal interests. Many Indigenous women have suffered through domestic abuse, violence and mur-

der, as a consequence of being “just another Indian woman.” This month the issue of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women has again been in the spotlight with vigils around the country remembering the thousands of Indigenous Women, Mothers, Grandmothers, Sisters, Daughters and Friends have gone missing or have been taken from our communities through murder, injustice, over-incarceration in the Canadian penal system, human trafficking or other acts of violence and dehumanization where our lives are now recorded by suicide, addictions statistics or untimely deaths. If we want to restore the health and wellness of our communities, we must restore the power and position of Indigenous women in their rightful place as leaders that counterbalance the patriarchy that has infiltrated our homelands. We must restore the relationships of accountability that rid leadership that is corrupt or hurting the land and homes, the band membership or losing our treaty rights.

Celebrate Halloween Without the Sugar Spike People with diabetes sure can enjoy this fun-filled holiday. 1. Do some research; there are lots of fun ideas to find. 2. Select sugar-free versions of your fav treats. 3. Choose non-candy treats like spider rings, Halloween themed pencils or note pads. 4. Make fruits and vegetables into Halloween treats.

5. Serve guacamole dip as “slimy green stuff” with cauliflower as “brains.” Serve baby carrots, sugar snap peas, or green beans as “witch fingers.” Serve shredded carrot as hair, black olive slices as eyes and veggie bits and pieces as witch or jack-o-lantern faces. Halloween signals the beginning of fall and winter; make these fun and festive days healthier with these and other ideas. For more information on what IDHC can do for your community, your organization, or you — contact Kathleen LaForme, IDHC, Diabetes Wellness Coordinator at 905-388-6010 or

toring Moon • Migrating Moon • Freezing Moon • Travel Moon • Dying Moon • Hunter’s Moon

• Food-Storing Moon • Migrating Moon • Freezing Moon • Tr

Trick or Treat

Moon • Travel Moon • Dying Moon • Hunter’s Moon • Food-S

avel Moon • Dying Moon • Hunter’s Moon • Food-Storing Moon • Migrating Moon • Freezing



October 27th, 2021

Blue pumpkins on Halloween to raise awareness around autism Halloween — a time-old tradition of dressing up and going do-to-door in your neighbourhood asking for candy and treats, or staying in and handing

out candy yourself. But if someone came to your door with a blue pumpkin — would you know what that means? The idea behind the

blue pumpkin signifies that a person trick-ortreating might have some specific needs or could have autism. Knowing what this means and how

you could tweak your treat options, helps ensure everyone can have a safe and fun Halloween. “Most likely inspired by the Teal Pumpkin Proj-

ect — which launched in 2013 as a way for families facing severe food allergies to better educate neighbours about these challenges — social media users began noticing blue pumpkins begin to trend as symbols to raise awareness about how Autism Spectrum Disorders may impact trick-or-treating and other Halloween festivities,” says good Sometimes homeowners expect trick-or-treaters to ask for candy or say, “trick or treat” before they give away any candy. "My son is three years old and has autism. He is nonverbal," Omairis Taylor wrote on Facebook back in 2019. "Last year, houses will wait for him to say 'Trick or Treat' in order for him to get a piece of candy — and there I go explaining the situation for the next five blocks. This year, we will be trying the Blue Bucket to signify he has autism. Please allow him, or anyone with a Blue Bucket, to enjoy this day. This holiday is hard enough without any added stress.” Here are some reasons from the Autism Society of America why Halloween can be overwhelming for parents with children who have specific needs and how to help make trick-ortreating a good experience

for everyone: Sensory overload: Halloween decorations can be scary, and often come with bright, flashing lights and loud sounds. The Society suggests scaling down your front porch decor to keep lighting even and encompassing, allowing children to stand comfortably while they trick or treat. Dietary restrictions: Due to sensory aversions that are common for most Autistic individuals, some children may have dietary restrictions that don't allow for chewy fruit candies or crunchy chocolate bites. Try to arrange some non-edible treats that you can pass out instead, like small toys or art supplies. Verbal interactions: Some children don't communicate verbally and may not say thank you when at your door, or respond to questions. Expressions of care and gratitude don't have to be verbal or physical. Some individuals may use what's known as stimming to process sensory input around them, including interactions in trick-ortreating.


October 27th, 2021


Staying safe this Halloween Halloween Safety tips from the Canadian Red Cross and Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs With mummies, skeletons, and vampires descending on neighbourhoods across Canada this weekend for the second time since the COVID-19 pandemic spooked the world, it’s time to think about how you can keep trick-ortreating safe and fun for everyone. The Canadian Red Cross is offering caregivers safety tips to help prepare children for a safe holiday: - Costumes should be light-coloured and flame resistant with reflective strips so that children are more easily seen at night. Remember to put reflective tape on bikes, skateboards, and brooms, too. - Costumes should be short enough to avoid tripping. - Remind children to keep away from open fires and candles. Costumes can be extremely flammable. - Use face paint rather

Halloween is this weekend. The Canadian Red Cross and the Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs shared some tips on how to stay safe when trick-or-treating. NICK FEWINGS

than masks or things that will cover the eyes. - Remind children to walk, slither, and sneak on sidewalks — not in the street. - Explain to children that trick-or-treating should be done along one

side of the street first and then the other and that it's best to cross the street only at intersections or crosswalks. - Remind children to look both ways before crossing the street to check for cars, trucks, and

San Diego Seals (6-6, third in the West Division 2019-20) In the last played season the San Diego Seals were in the mix for a post-season berth. They were riding a three-game winning streak that brought their season-ending record to 6-6 and look to bring a championship caliber squad to southern California for the 2021-22 campaign. The Seals made arguably the biggest splash in the off-season by signing former NLL Most Valuable Player Dane Dobbie as a free agent where he spent his entire career with division rival, Calgary. The Seals key additions include Dane Dobbie, Tre Leclaire and Mac O’Keefe and their key losses include Connor Fields, Kyle Buchanan, Nick Damude, and Connor Kearnan. Saskatchewan Rush (7-3, 1st in West Division 2019-20) The Saskatchewan Rush was a legitimate contender for the NLL title two years ago. They were leading the West Division with a 7-3 record and now they look to recapture their winning ways for the 2021-22 season. Historically, the Rush

don’t often pursue other team’s unrestricted free agents but they did fortify their back end with the signing of ten-year veteran defence-men Matt Beers. There are questions about the Rush’s age and whether their dynasty is reaching an end point with this group of players. The Rush key additions include: Josh Currier, Matt Beers, Dan Lintner, Bobby Kidd III, and Marshall Powless and their key losses include Connor Robinson, Jeremy Thompson, Matthew Dinsdale, Evan Kirk, and Matt Hossack. Vancouver Warriors (49, fifth in the West Division 2019-20) This coming season, the Vancouver Warriors hope to make some big strides since the NLL was last in action. The Warriors were sitting in last place in the Western Conference and were in the midst of a fourgame losing streak. The Warriors key additions include Matthew Dinsdale, Reid Bowering, Adam Charalambides, and Brett Mydske and their key losses include Matt Beers, Ian Hawksbee, Joel McCready and Jame Rahe.

low-flying brooms. - Provide yourself or the children with a flashlight to see better and to be better seen. - Have children plan their route and share it with you and the family. - Trick or Treaters

should travel in groups of four or five. Young children should be accompanied by an adult. - Visit homes that have the porch light on. - Make sure children know they should accept treats at the door only and must not get into cars or enter the homes or apartments of strangers. - Remind children not to eat their treats and goodies until they are examined by an adult at home. And candy should not be eaten if the package is already opened. Small, hard pieces of candy are a choking hazard for young children. - Set agreed-to boundaries with your children. Explain the importance of staying within them and arriving home on time. The Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs recommends keeping the following in mind this Halloween:

- Dangerous Décor: Jacko-lanterns represent a fire hazard. Instead of using a candle inside of the Jacko-lantern, place a small flashlight or battery-powered candle inside - Don’t Blow It: When it comes to powering Halloween decorations, it’s easy to go overboard. But overloading extension cords and breakers is a fire hazard. - Strength in Numbers: While always advised to have a parent present, at some point kids will want to trick-or-treat on their own. Give yourself peace of mind and make sure there is a party of at least three people. - Know the Route: The temptation to collect as much candy as possible is understandable but ill-advised. The safest option is to limit trick-or-treating to well-known neighbourhoods.


as Warren Jeffrey and Brett Craig to grow in their careers. The big splash for the Mammoth came when they grabbed Zed Williams from Georgia. Williams hasn’t suited up for the Mammoth yet but has put on an amazing two seasons with the PLL in the meantime. Key additions for Colorado include Ron John, Zed Williams, and Connor Robinson and key losses include Dan Coates, Jacob Ruest and Will Malcom. Panther City Lacrosse Club (Expansion Team) will be welcomed in the coming season. The NLL opened for the Panther City Lacrosse Club in Fort Worth Texas to become the league’s 14th franchise for the 202122 season and they will play their home games at 14,000 seat Dickies Arena. Expansion teams did not fare well in the 2019-20 season and with a tough West Division, it remains to be seen how well Panther City will compete. The Panthers key additions include Ryan Benesch, Matt Hossack, Phil Caputo, Connor Kelly, Liam Patten, Connor Sellars, Taylor Stuart, Randy Staats and Jeremy Thompson.

Have aa safe safe Have HALLOWEEN Safety Tips: HALLOWEEN


This message is brought to you by the Six Nations Police Service SIX NATIONS

1. Don’t go out alone. 2. Watch for cars. 3. Check your treats. 4. Carry a flashlight.



October 27th, 2021

Trudeau must renew commitment to reconciliation with new cabinet: Indigenous leaders CANADIAN PRESS


OTTAWA — Indigenous leaders and New Democrats say naming a new cabinet is Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's chance to restore residential school survivors' confidence in his government's commitment to reconciliation. At a news conference Monday, Charlie Angus was joined by a St. Anne's residential school survivor and two deputy grand chiefs the day before Trudeau is set to reveal his new cabinet picks. The portfolios of Indigenous Services Canada and Crown-Indigenous Relations are currently held by Marc Miller and Carolyn Bennett, respectively. The appointments come amid louder calls for justice for residential school survivors and for the federal government to drop its court battles against them, as well orders directing it to compensate First Nations children. Friday is the deadline for when the Liberal government must decide whether to appeal a recent Federal Court decision confirming it should pay $40,000 to First Nations children and their parents or grandparents. A human rights tribunal found Ottawa discriminated against them by underfunding child and family services on reserve. Some 50,000 children could be eligible, meaning the federal government could be on the hook for billions of dollars in compensation. The second ruling Ottawa has gone to court over involves expanding who can qualify for the measure known as Jordan's Principle, which requires governments to cover the cost of services for First Nations children and then resolve any jurisdictional disputes later on. ``Canada is engaged in a broad review of the

decision and will communicate its decision in due course,'' Adrienne Vaupshas, Miller's press secretary, wrote in an email to The Canadian Press about the Federal Court's ruling. Angus says Trudeau ``has four days left to do the right thing for reconciliation'' and sit down with litigants instead of taking them back to court. ``We call upon the Canadian government, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, to comply with those orders. He has spent enough money fighting against us, fighting against our children,'' said Anna Betty Achneepineskum, deputy grand chief at Nishnawbe Aski Nation, which represents 49 First Nations in northern Ontario. She said Bennett hasn't lived up to the government's mandate of reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples and its relationship with them must be ``strengthened and honoured.'' Trudeau, too, has faced widespread criticism over his trip to Tofino, B.C., last month on Canada's first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, designed to honour the Indigenous children sent to government-funded, church-run residential schools, where thousands of them died. Also looming over Tuesday's cabinet swearing-in is the finding earlier this year of hundreds of unmarked graves by First Nations in Saskatchewan and B.C., at the former sites of residential schools. There have also been concerns expressed the Catholic Church hasn't properly compensated survivors as part of the historic Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement or that Pope Francis hasn't apologized to survivors, as requested by the 2015 Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada's final report, which outlined the abuses perpetuated against children sent to these schools.

Mushkegowuk Council Deputy Grand Chief Rebecca Friday said Bennett hasn't responded to the issues brought forward over the claims for compensation by those who attended the St. Anne's school, where sexual and physical abuse was reported against kids from Fort Albany First Nation in northern Ontario. The Catholic orders of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate and the Grey

Sisters of the Cross ran the federally funded school from 1902 until 1976. Evelyn Korkmaz, attended the St. Anne's residential school, has long called for the government to releasepolice records it has about the abuses that took place at the facility, saying she and others want to meet with Trudeau. ``I personally want the prime minister to explain why the government not

only withheld names and evidence of the perpetrators, but are refusing to turn over the person of interest reports that would allow survivors to have closure on our files.'' Angus said Bennett has been asked different times about St. Anne's and deferred the matter to lawyers, showing she ``she has failed the test of reconciliation.'' ``If the prime minister wants to send a clear

message that he's going to listen and he's going to change, he needs to have someone new at the table.'' Friday said the ministers who lead the ``powerful positions'' of Indigenous Services Canada and Crown-Indigenous Relations after Tuesday ``have to really reconcile with the survivors.'' ``We have to really get things rolling. We're not going to come back here.''


October 27th, 2021


Chretien says he never heard of abuse at residential schools during time as minister CANADIAN PRESS


MONTREAL — Former prime minister Jean Chretien says the abuse of Indigenous children that took place in Canadian residential schools while he was minister of Indian affairs was never brought to his attention at the time. ``This problem was never mentioned to me when I was minister,'' Chretien told the popular Quebec TV

talk show ``Tout le monde en parle,' Sunday night. ''Never.`` Chretien, who was minister of Indian affairs from 1968 to 1974, said he knew residential schools existed and how difficult the experience was, drawing a comparison with his own time in conventional boarding schools. ``I was a boarding student, from age six to 21,'' he said. ``I had my share of baked beans and oatmeal. For sure, life in boarding school was difficult, ex-

tremely difficult.'' Chretien's comments drew immediate criticism. The discovery of hundreds of unmarked graves at residential school sites across Canada over the summer revived conversations around the discriminatory system designed to assimilate Indigenous children. The 2015 Truth and Reconciliation Commission report documented the physical and sexual abuse and malnutrition suffered by children in the schools. At a news conference in

Ottawa along with residential schools survivors, New Democrat MP Charlie Angus said he simply doesn't believe Chretien. ``It is outrageous for Jean Chretien today to try and whitewash his role at St. Anne's residential school, because he knew,'' Angus said, referring to a facility in Fort Albany, Ont. ``People reached out to him and begged him to do the right thing, and he ignored them.'' Angus shared on Twitter a handwritten letter that

was sent to Chretien by a teacher in 1968, denouncing the conditions at St. Anne's and referring to the school's ``sterile, rigid, unloving atmosphere.'' ``Jean Chretien never responded,'' Angus said. ``Imagine if he had read that letter and thought, 'I should do something.' How many children could have been saved, because some of the worst crimes were being committed at that time?'' The 87-year-old former politician was invited on the show to talk about his new book, published in English as ``My Stories, My Times Vol. 2.'' He was asked about a passage in which he says he advised the Queen against apologizing to the Maori people of New Zealand for what was done to them by the British colonial administration. ``Your Majesty, if you start, I will have to bring you to Canada and, since we have several hundred Indigenous communities, you will be on your knees for at least two years,'' he recalled telling the Queen in the book. National Chief RoseAnne Archibald of the Assembly of First Nations raised doubts Monday about the sincerity of Chretien's comments. ``Chretien says the Queen's apology would keep her kneeling for two years, but he heard nothing about institutes of assimi-

lation and genocide?'' she wrote on Twitter. ``Let's remember that he promoted the 1969 White Paper on assimilation and genocide that launched First Nations activism.'' Innu author Michel Jean, another guest on the talk show, criticized Chretien's comparison of residential schools to his own boarding school experience. ``Mr. Chretien, with all respect, doesn't exactly realize what a residential school was,'' Jean said. ``And he's not alone.'' Jean explained that most people tend to wrongly associate these institutions with schools, where you ``teach people how to write.'' While Chretien said he never heard of nor experienced abuse while he was in boarding school, insinuating he ``mustn't have been a pretty boy at that time,'' Jean recalled completely different stories from his family. ``Someone in my family, who went to a residential school in Fort George, told me they were sexually assaulted every day, for eight years by a nun,'' Jean said. Chretien repeated throughout Sunday's interview that he deeply cared about Indigenous issues while he was in power. He pointed to the adoption by him and his wife Aline of an 18-month-old Indigenous boy as evidence of his devotion to the cause.


24/7 CRISIS PHONE LINE 866-445-2204 or 519-445-2204

LIVE CHAT (MESSAGING) Link on under Crisis Support Live Chat

2 M / 6 FT

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line. A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker.

The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response. Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet. Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8:30am - 4:00pm



The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

IF YOU HAVE A FEVER, COUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, The SixSEEK Nations MobileCARE CrisisEARLY Services is a MEDICAL confidential service offering crisis Stay home if you feel unwell. If support to Six Nations of the Grand River. youfeatures have a fever, coughaand The new run through program difficulty breathing, seek medical which offers safe and encrypted attention and callconversations in advance. technology to keep confidential and secure.


Source: World Health Organization










October 27th, 2021

Ignore debaters and denialists, Canada's treatment of Indigenous Peoples fits the definition of genocide By Sean Carleton, Assistant Professor, Departments of History and Indigenous Studies, University of Manitoba and Andrew Woolford, Professor, Sociology & Criminology, University of Manitoba This summer, as many Indigenous communities searched the sites of former residential schools for dead and missing children, a small group of historians insisted on debating the applicability of the term ``genocide'' when referring to Canada's Indian Residential School system. Objecting to an earlier statement on the applicability of that term made by the Canadian Historical Association, these historians penned an open letter rejecting the notion that there is a scholarly consensus on the issue and casting doubt on whether residential schooling warrants the use of the word genocide. The letter was repub-

lished on a few websites, including one that chose the title: ``Historians Rally vs. `Genocide' Myth.'' As many Canadians begin reckoning with residential school history and learn how to put truth before reconciliation, we _ as a historian of residential schooling and a genocide scholar _ feel it is important to explain the general scholarly agreement about Canada and genocide. A better understanding of what most genocide scholars believe can help people understand how Canada's Indian Residential School system fits with definitions of genocide. Definitions and the strategy of dissent The open letter objects to the Canadian Historical Association's claim that there is a ``broad consensus'' on the applicability of genocide in the Canadian context. The authors and signatories take their presence as proof that no such consensus exists. Yet, the entire letter rests on a narrow defi-

nition of ``consensus'' as implying unanimity, or agreement by all people. Consensus, however, can also be used, as it is by the Canadian Historical Association, to signify a general agreement. In this usage, there's no requirement to account for marginal, contrary voices. The existence of a very small group of naysayers _ the vast majority of them not members of the Canadian Historical Association and some of them openly engaging in residential school denialism _ does not invalidate the fact that there is a general scholarly agreement, or broad consensus, that the term genocide applies to Canada. Claiming dissent and demanding debate from the margins is a common strategy used by genocide denialists to muddy the waters and make widely accepted claims seem less certain. It is meant to shake peoples' confidence in the general agreement. The open letter tries


First Nations Farm & Business Financing

220 North St., Box 100 Stirling Ont. K0K 3E0 1-800-363-0329

FIRST NATIONS AGRICULTURE PROGRAM- TEACHING OPPORTUNITY AT IAPO The First Nations Agriculture for Seven Generations Program was created by IAPO in partnership with AgScape to support increased First Nation participation in the farming and Agriculture Sector. The goal of the project is to engage First Nation Youth’s interest in farming and agri-business possibilities and opportunities.

Position: Seven Generations Lead Working under the supervision of the Program and Communications Coordinator, you will be responsible for delivering lessons and presentations on agriculture and food related topics as part of the First Nation Agriculture for Seven Generations Program. This is a Part-time Contract position for delivery of class lessons throughout school year.

Responsibilities IAPO will work with the Seven Generations Lead to deliver virtual Ontario curriculum-linked lessons to First Nations secondary school students in north eastern and south western Ontario, with the goal of returning to in-class delivery once the challenges of the pandemic subside. The Seven Generations Lead will have a variety of opportunities to participate in agriculture education events. Seven Generations Lead will also work with IAPO staff to develop a local network of schools and events in which to deliver lessons and presentations using IAPO materials.

Qualifications • • • • • • • • •

Preference will be given to First Nations educators in good standing with the Ontario College of Teachers Bachelor of Education, recognized by the Ontario College of Teachers (IAPO will accept applicants who may be in their final year of their degree and are wanting to gain experience) Applications will also be considered from those with alternate teaching experience Knowledge and experience working with First Nation youth Knowledge and experience in agriculture, farming and food production Must have access to a vehicle Possess strong interpersonal and leadership skills Have the ability to take initiative and self-manage Communicate effectively through a variety of oral and written forms

to do this by insisting there is a ``lively debate among scholars'' when, in reality, there is only minor disagreement within the field, with still a broad consensus coalescing around the applicability of the term genocide in Canada. What about Canada? So, what do genocide scholars say about genocide in Canada? Reading the open letter, the crux of the ``debate'' appears to be the guilt or innocence of the Canadian state. The letter implies the latter by emphasizing there is ``debate'' about the former. However, where disagreement exists in the field is not so much Canada's guilt, which is not disputed, but rather how to effectively describe the crime. The few genocide scholars who oppose labelling what Canada did as genocide suggest that the wrongs committed are better referred to as crimes against humanity. According to the field, it is therefore a matter of choosing between two serious criminal charges rather than between guilt and innocence. Genocide scholars who suggest that crimes against humanity is the more appropriate terminology point to several reasons. Scholars like William Schabas and Payam Akhavan focus on the legal challenges of determining genocide. Their reasoning includes the fact that Article 2(e) of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which criminalizes ``forcibly transferring children of the group to another,'' is largely untested in the courts. They also point to the difficulty of establishing the specific intent required by genocide law. The UN genocide convention provides a narrow conception of what intent

means, suggesting there must be a purposeful desire to destroy a group of people for who they are. The intent to `destroy' This notion raises the question of what it means to intend to ``destroy'' a group. Historian J.R. Miller, a signatory to the open letter, reads this word narrowly as signalling only physical destruction. He argues there was no plan to physically eradicate Indigenous Peoples. But a group can only exist through cultural relationships between group members, as well as their ability to biologically reproduce. The UNGC includes acts of biological, cultural and physical destruction. These three primary forms of destruction were originally conceptualized by the creator of the term genocide, Raphael Lemkin. Lemkin, in fact, contributed a richer notion of cultural genocide to earlier drafts of the UN genocide convention, which included linguistic and spiritual destruction, only to have it excised from the final text at the insistence of settler colonial nations like Canada. ``Forcibly transferring children,'' however, was preserved. The fact that ``forcibly transferring children'' has been rarely tested in court does not mean that it, and the question of cultural genocide more broadly, is not being given serious attention by jurists and scholars. For example, in Krajis?nik at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 2006, the ICTY trial chamber noted that destruction ``is not limited to physical or biological destruction of the group's members.'' They added that a group is comprised by bonds between its members. For this reason, the ICTY trial chamber determined that the ``intent to destroy'' also includes

efforts to destroy a group culturally. These types of statements capture a growing trend in the field of genocide studies whereby acts of cultural destruction are viewed to be as much a threat to the life of the group as acts of biological and physical destruction. Truth and reconciliation Recent developments in Canada have built on this evolving understanding of genocide. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, though its mandate prevented commissioners from examining the legal question of genocide, used the concept of cultural genocide to acknowledge the importance of culture to the continuity of Indigenous Peoples. The National Inquiry for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls had freer rein and provided a sophisticated legal analysis of genocide in Canada that injects Indigenous law and gendered perspectives into the conversation. Unsettling the colonial status quo In the end, a broad scholarly consensus has indeed emerged in recent years that agrees on the applicability of genocide in the Canadian context. Scholars increasingly view genocide more broadly as a process, and they understand human groups as socio-cultural, biological and physical entities that may be placed under threat through multiple processes of intended destruction. Canadians committed to putting truth before reconciliation should ignore genocide ``debaters'' and denialists seemingly intent on hijacking the conversation and misrepresenting genocide scholarship to defend Canada's reputation and the colonial status quo.

How to apply: To apply, please submit a cover letter and resume to the attention of the Program and Communications Coordinator:

Thank you for your support

October 27th, 2021




know the score.

Team Haudenosaunee results from the Super Sixes Tournament in Sparks, Maryland By TRT Staff with notes from worldlacrosse. sport MARYLAND — For the first time, the Super Sixes discipline was played over this past weekend in Sparks, Maryland. Featuring players from the Six Nations and Haudenosaunee communities alike, the games opened for displays of the best teams in the world to practice for the World Games. The World Lacrosse Sixes will be the discipline featured during The World Games 2022 in Birmingham, Alabama, USA, July 7-17, next year. The following are the results of the games that both the Mens and Women’s Haudenosaunee teams took part in: Men’s Team Haudenosaunee Results: Saturday, October 23 – Tierney Field - Game 2 Summary

Kason Tarbell, Warren Hill Saves: Warre Hill 10 Sunday, October 24 – Tierney Field - Game 10 Summary Haudenosaunee 14 Canada 15 Goals: Jake Fox 4, Tehoka Nanticoke 4, Jakob Patterson 2, Brendan Bomberry 2, Nokon

Thompson, Kyle Jackson Assists: Brendan Bomberry 4, Kyle Jackson, Jeremy Thompson Saves: Warren Hill 8, Ron John 2 Game 8 Summary Haudenosaunee 15 USA 22 Goals: Tehoka Nanticoke 4, Vern Hill 2, Leroy Halftown 2, Brooker Muir 2, Jakob Patterson 2, Oakley Thomas 2, Ty Thompson Assists: Ty Thompson, Koleton Marquis Saves: Jack Van V 5 Women’s Team Haudenosaunee Results: Saturday, October 23 – Tierney Field - Game 1 Summary Haudenosaunee 13 Canada 20 Goals: Lois Garlow 5, Selena Lasota 3, Sierra Cockerille 3, Miya Scanlan, Timmia Bomberry Assists: Selena Lasota 3, Taylor Frink 2, Jalyn Jimerson 2, Lois Garlow, Miya Scanlan, Sierra Cockerille Saves: Jenna Haring 12

Game 5 Summary Haudenosaunee 9 - USA 19 Goals: Lois Garlow 4, Timmia Bomberry 2, Sierra Cockerille, Miya Scanla, Jalyn Jimerson Assists: Sierra Cockerille 2, Jalyn Jimerson 2, Jordan Coulon, Miya Scanlan Saves: Paige Crandall 7 Sunday, October 24 – Tierney Field - Game 9 Summary Haudenosaunee 6 Canada 24 Goals: Lauren Scanlan 2, Sierra Cockerille 2, Selena Lasota, Jordan Coulon Assists: Sierra Cockerille 2, Jalyn Jimerson Saves: Paige Crandall 14 Game 7 Summary Haudenosaunee 7 - USA 18 Goals: Lois Garlow 2, Miya Scanlan 2, Sierra Cockerille, Wadatawi Bomberry, Jalyn Jimerson Assists: Jalyn Jimerson 2, Lois Garlow 1 Saves: Jenna Haring 7

the jersey crest. The city cited a directive from the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) that relates to a 2018 settlement about removing Indigenous-themed sports branding from non-Indigenous sports organizations. The municipal arena no longer shows the painting after the city decided their depiction of Indigenous themes do not align with the municipality's human rights obligations. The City of Brockville will be offering support to any city teams that choose to rebrand and this includes

help with costs and facilitating consultations. However, in Mississauga, a Blackhawks team is still using the name. Nearly three years after the Ontario Human Rights Commission pushed the City of Mississauga to remove all Indigenous imagery related to non-Indigenous teams from its sports facilities, the Greater Toronto Hockey League said that the Mississauga Blackhawks are the league's last team with an Indigenous name and logo. Amid growing calls to action around Truth and Reconciliation and cultur-

al appropriation, the City of Mississauga says its policy — which was developed to meet the requirements of a settlement made by the OHRC — will not permit the display of Indigenous images in the city's sports facilities related to non-Indigenous sports organizations. The settlement addressed the harmful impact of stereotypes and imagery on Indigenous youth and people. It was noted that the Blackhawks are outside of the city’s jurisdiction for the policy, but the team will be making the change in the near future.

The World Lacrosse Sixes will be the discipline featured during The World Games 2022 in Birmingham, Alabama. STAFF

Haudenosaunee 16 Canada 17 Goals: Kyle Jackson 7, Jake Fox 4, Nkon Thompson, Ron John, Brendan Bomberry, Jeremy Thompson, Ty Thompson Assists: Brendan Bomberry 2, Kyle Jackson, Ty Thompson, Nokon Thompson, Tehoka Nanticoke Saves: Warren

Hill 10 Game 6 Summary Haudenosaunee 11 USA 16 Goals: Brendan Bomberry 3, Nokon Thompson 2, Kyle Jackson , Jake Fox , Jeremy Thompson, Kason Tarbell, Trey Deere, (Team) Assists: Ron John 2, Kyle Jackson, Ty Thompson,

Changes vary for removal of Indigenous imagery STAFF REPORT


ONTARIO — An artist with ties to Six Nations has her cover of “Saturday Night” used as the theme song for Saturday Night Live. Shawnee Kish, collaborating with JP and Hockey Night in Canada, the cover will debut every Saturday Night on Sportsnet Hockey Central Saturday and HNIC throughout the season. Kish is a member of the LGBTQ2S+ community — and she is a Mohawk that identifies as two-spirit who grew up in Welland, Ontario. “We’re so honoured to have been given this opportunity and we’re thrilled with how it turned out,” reads the collaborations Facebook page. FACEBOOK PHOTO

MISSISSAUGA — Two junior hockey team logos are no longer displayed at centre ice in Brockville, Ontario. The Brockville Braves and Brockville Tikis are part of the same hockey organization, with the Braves being the "A" squad and the Tikis the "B" squad. The Braves logo resembles the emblem of the Chicago Blackhawks, while the Tikis logo has a stylized illustration of a man holding a spear as



Custom Vehicle Wraps!

289.309.6494 2395 Cayuga Road. Ohsweken, Ontario

Promotional Items Embroidery Heat Press Full Colour Printing Vehicle Wraps


Branding Logos Print Design Digital Advertising Conceptual Design


Sign Manufacturing Tradeshow Booths Tents Flags Banners



November is Diabetes Awareness Month Sunday, November 14

World Diabetes Day

For more information on what IDHC can do for your community, your organization, or you — contact Kathleen LaForme, IDHC, Diabetes Wellness Coordinator at 905-388-6010 or

October 27th, 2021

ISWO provides free virtual training By TRT Staff with notes from ONTARIO — On the Road to National Aboriginal Hockey Championship (NAHC) at-home, virtual training has opened through the Indigenous Sport and Wellness Ontario group (ISWO). Until November 12, Indigenous youth ages 11-19, have access to free videos for off-ice hockey skills training, dry land training, and weekly challenges with On the Road to NAHC Program. Kalley Armstrong will be providing the off-ice training segment. Armstrong is the granddaughter of legendary Toronto Maple Leaf captain George Armstrong. In 2019, Kalley launched Armstrong Hockey in honor of her grandfather and their love for the game of hockey. Armstrong Hockey focuses on providing hockey development opportunities for Indigenous youth. In the summer of 2019, Kalley ran her first Indigenous youth hockey camp in London, Ontario open to all First Nations youth in surrounding communities.

Casey Swamp will be providing the dry-land segment. Swamp is from Akwesasne Mohawk Territory and has been active all of his life. He played lacrosse and hockey at an early age and played competitively through high school, University and Sr. A leagues. He has grown to become passionate about fitness, health and strength on and off the field. His focus is to encourage the youth to achieve their athletic goals and to compete at their highest potential level of competition. “There are now two editions of the athlete development training available to Indigenous youth between the ages of 11 to 19, who reside in Ontario. Check them out after you register under the athlete development tab,” reads the NAHC website piece. “The summer edition of the program was geared to seven NAIG sports and is still available to registered users. The new fall edition of the program focuses on ice hockey with resources available for ball/street and field hockey.” Focusing on creating

opportunities to play and practice during the pandemic, the ‘On the Road to NAIG’ Athlete Development Program is set for all Indigenous youth athletes between the ages of 11-19; regardless of level of play or ability. “On behalf of the entire team at ISWO, we’re so happy that you’ve joined and are interested in developing your skills and increasing your opportunities, as a young Indigenous athlete. We’re here to support you in your journey and help you develop your confidence, build your sport-specific skills and create a community that can help you achieve your dreams of competing at NAIG and beyond,” reads the site. Participants can also earn points to win Team Ontario gear by taking part in the various training options. “Start training now to reach your peak performance in preparation for the National Aboriginal Hockey Championships tryouts, or brush up on some skills for this season,” reads the ISWO Facebook page.


October 27th, 2021

Ontario university sports are overwhelmingly white, report finds CANADIAN PRESS


University athletics in Ontario are overwhelmingly white, from student athletes to coaches to administrators, according to a new report that found rampant systemic racism in varsity sports. The organization that co-ordinates athletic competitions at the university level in Ontario said in the OUA Anti-Racism Project report released Monday that more than three-quarters of the province's coaches and administrators are white, as are more than twothirds of student athletes, based on a survey that saw 45 per cent of its membership respond. The Ontario University Athletics report, led by Janelle Joseph, an assistant professor with the University of Toronto's Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, found racialized coaches are more likely to be volunteers, or get paid on seasonal salaries or stipends. Racialized administrators were also more likely to be in assistant, part-time or entry-level positions, ``meaning they earn the lowest salaries of OUA members.'' ``This finding echoes extensive research on universities in Canada that show low rates of recruiting, hiring, retention, and promotion of racialized student, staff, and faculty, despite large pools of candidates to draw from,'' the report reads. In interviews with coaching and administrative staff, the OUA found an inequitable hiring process may have contributed to that gap. ``For white-identified OUA members the path to obtain a position as a head coach or leader within administration appeared

smooth,'' the report reads. ``Most were either offered a position without a formal interview or were explicitly encouraged to apply.'' Racialized staffers had a notably different experience. ``All racialized coaches were former players who had volunteered, worked part-time, completed education and/or assisted for many years with few ever ascending to the role of head coach,'' the report said. The racialized coaches who were able to jump through those hoops and get hired found the differences didn't stop there, according to the report. ``Unlike their white colleagues, they live in excessive scrutiny and fear of reprimand for their coaching decisions, worry about being alienated or ostracized for speaking up against injustice, and are exhausted from navigating racist communities on and off campus,'' the report reads. The overwhelming whiteness of those in charge may have also had a trickle-down effect on student athletes, the report found. Many administrators and coaches told researchers that they didn't see colour, were naive about the presence of racism, or didn't know where to look for it. ``Those in positions of power within the OUA, who often have no personal experience handling or witnessing instances of racism, are those who make decisions regarding anti-racist practice and policy,'' the report reads. Discriminatory practices may also have led to a lack of diversity among student athletes, the report found. While the Canadian University Survey Consortium's 2021 survey of graduating students found 47 per cent of graduating

undergrads identified as visible minorities or Indigenous, more than 71 per cent of student athletes who responded to the OUA survey identified themselves as white. ``The funnelling system into university for most sports relies heavily on private schools, clubs, and pay-to-play systems,'' the report reads. ``Each of these methods overwhelmingly select athletes from middle- to upper-class families with many opportunities and resources available to succeed in sport and university.'' The report recommends mandatory and continuous anti-racism training, and a shift in how athletes and coaches are recruited. Rather than looking for student athletes only at private schools and pay-for-play clubs, teams should hold open tryouts, the report recommends. ``Recruiting racialized athletes will require some coaches to break well-established patterns of recruitment and spark new relationships with coaches, parents, and athletes,'' the report reads. The report also recommends publicly celebrating the achievements of racialized athletes so potential recruits know they wouldn't be alone on a team. It said the OUA and university athletic departments should establish an anti-racism policy that is specific about what is not tolerated, has a step-bystep reporting process and consequences for racist behaviours. ``Participants noted that policy affects practice and advocated for a 'zero tolerance' anti-racism policy, which would mean they would not need to fear being ostracized by their teammates or penalized by their coach for speaking up,'' it reads.

Thank you for your support

FACE MASK FRIDAYS Located at Veterans Park

FREE for community members to take.

Sanitized & Disinfected Bundles include 2 face masks. 1 bundle per person. To make a donation please contact: SNGR Public Works Office @ 519-445-4242




J O B Position




SIX NATIONS COUNCIL Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Contract (1year) $21.00/hr Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Contract $21.00/hr (6 months) Administrative Assistant – Finance Ogwadeni:deo Contract TBD Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Full-Time $18.00/hr (2 positions) Assistant Caretaker Maintenance Parks and Recreation Part-Time $16.00/hr Mechanic (multiple positions) Cultural and Language Instructor Child Care Services, Social Services Full-Time TBD Health Transformation Policy Analyst Administration, Health Services Contract TBD Band Representative Child & Family Services, Social Services Contract (1 year) TBD Family Support Worker Child & Family Services, Social Services Contract (6 months) Up to $53,000 Education Manager Education, Central Administration Contract $90,000 $100,000 Intake Crisis and Response Worker Child & Family Services, Social Services Full-Time TBD Housekeeper Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full-Time TBD Financial Control Officer Finance, Health Services Full-Time $80,000 -Health Services $85,000 Nurse Practitioner Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD Health Research Coordinator Administration, Health Services Full-Time TBD Environmental Technician Lands & Resources Contract TBD Vital Statistics Officer Lands & Resources Contract TBD Early Childhood Developmental Worker Child & Youth Services, Health Services Full-Time TBD Occupational Therapist Assistant/ Therapy Services Full-Time TBD Physiotherapist Assistant Addictions Counsellor Mental Health & Addictions, Health Services Full-Time TBD Alternative Care Resource Team Member Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD Alternative Care Resource Team Member Ogwadeni:deo Contract (1 Year) TBD Support Team Member-Family Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD Maintenance Lead Administration, Social Services Full-Time TBD Support Team Member-Child Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD Unit Assistant (2 Positions) Ogwadeni:deo Full-Time TBD Training and Development Coordinator Human Resources, Central Administration Full-Time $47,000 $65,000 Office Manager Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full-Time $28.00/hr HR Manager Human Resources Full-Time TBD SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT Administrative Support Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full-Time $29,281.50 – $40,297.50 Communications Assistant Six Nations Polytechnic Full-Time TBD (4 Month Contract) Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays... Monday through Friday from 8:30 - 4:30 pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken

October 27th, 2021

B O A R D Closing Date

November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 3, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 November 10, 2021 October 28, 2021 October 28, 2021



Elementary Teacher-Primary/ Junior (2 Vacancies) Receptionist Secretary Receptionist

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation


Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Casual Full-Time

Staffing & Total Compensation Officer Student Success Officer Instructional Assistant – Skil ed Trades Student Success Officer Grounds Management Staff Executive Administrator Bingo Revenue Analyst Financial Analyst Building Attendant Staff Support Staff Position

Six Nations Polytechnic Six Nations Polytechnic Six Nations Polytechnic Six Nations Polytechnic Six Nations Economic Development Six Nations Cannabis Commission Six Nations Economic Development Six Nations Economic Development Six Nations Economic Development Skaronhyase’ko:wa – The Everlasting Tree School Skaronhyase’ko:wa – The Everlasting Tree School NPAAMB

Occasional Support Staff Executive Assistant to the Executive Director Human Resources & Training Manager Human Resources Generalist Job Developer Program Assistant Youth Navigator Youth Success Mentors Environment Bio-Diversity Lead Employment &Training Administrative Assistant Director of Social and Health Services Heritage and Cultural Coordinator/ Library Worker Executive Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Music Instructor Teacher Assistant Finance Administrator Group Visits & Cultural Interpreter Etiya’takenhas Shelter Relief Counsellor Electoral Officer



Closing Date


October 28, 2021

$15/hr $29,281.50 – $40,297.50 Full-Time TBD Full-Time TBD Full-Time (Contract) TBD Full-Time TBD Contract TBD Full-Time TBD Full-Time TBD Full-time TBD Full-time TBD Part-time TBD

October 28, 2021 October 28, 2021 October 29, 2021 October 29, 2021 October 29, 2021 October 29, 2021 October 29, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021



October 31, 2021



October 31, 2021

NPAAMB NPAAMB NPAAMB NPAAMB NPAAMB NPAAMB Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Contract Contract Contract Contract Contract Contract Contract Contract

TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD $18.00/hr $18.00/hr

October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 October 31, 2021 November 4, 2021 November 4, 2021

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation


November 4, 2021

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation


$67,798.00 $94,794.21 $18.00/hr

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation


$100,000 115,000.00 Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Part-Time TBD Kawenni:io / Gaweni:yo Private School Full-Time (Contract) TBD Brantford Native Housing Full-time TBD Woodland Cultural Centre TBD Ganohkwasra Family Assault Support Services Full time TBD Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Contract TBD

November 4, 2021

November 4, 2021

Open Until Fil ed Open Until Fil ed Until Fil ed Until fil ed Open until fil ed Until fil ed

The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at! To apply for funding, book an intake appointment with an ETC @ 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1 888 218-8230) or email us at Phone: 519.445.2222 • Fax: 519-445-4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230


October 27th, 2021



arts. culture. entertainment.

Drama 'Bootlegger,' doc 'Warrior Spirit' among winners at imagineNATIVE festival CANADIAN PRESS


TORONTO — A drama about an Indigenous graduate student involved in a debate over the sale of alcohol on her Quebec reserve has won a top prize at the imagineNATIVE Film + Media Arts Festival. ``Bootlegger,'' directed and co-written by Algonquin-French filmmaker Caroline Monnet of Outaouais, Que., took the $7,500 Dramatic Feature Award at the festival that wrapped Sunday. Devery Jacobs, who grew up in the Kahnawa:ke Mohawk

Territory in Quebec, stars alongside Pascale Bussieres of Montreal. The Quebec-shot film has already won several festival awards, including one for its screenplay at Cannes in 2017 before the film was shot. This year's $5,000 imagineNATIVE Documentary Feature Award went to ``Warrior Spirit'' by Las Vegas-based Landon Dyksterhouse, about mixed martial arts UFC champion Nicco Montano of the Navajo Nation. Other winners in 18 categories during Sunday's online presentation included ``Angakusajaujuq _ The Shaman's Apprentice'' by Inuk filmmaker

Zacharias Kunuk. It won the $7,500 Live Action Short Award, which means the film can now submit for the Best Live Action Short category at the Oscars. To be eligible for Oscars consideration, short films must either have a theatrical release or win a qualifying award at a specified film festival. Toronto-based imagineNATIVE was designated ``a qualifying festival'' for that category in 2019.

'Bootlegger', directed and co-written by Caroline Monnet, was one of the many winners at this years imagiNATIVE film festival. IMAGINATIVE

Celebrating the rich and resilient history of Indigenous peoples and working to co-create a better future through Reconciliation. Learn more by visiting:

@nwmocanada /company/nwmocanada

20 18


October 27th, 2021




send notices to In Memoriam In loving memory of our uncle, brother and best friend Michael Jamieson Those special memories of you, will always bring back a smile, if i could only have you back for a little while. Then we could talk again, just like we used to do, you always meant so much and always will do too. The fact that you are no longer here will always cause me pain, but your forever in our hearts.

Until we meet again. Ashley, Oliver, Oliver Jr. Colin

Thank you

Thank you to those who provided food, gave flowers and monetary donations, sent cards, shared photos, cut grass and gave hugs and a shoulder to cry on.

Dean cared for you all and now we know why. Your kindness will never be forgotten. Clarice, Garry & Kayla.

Metal Roofing


Monday to Wednesday 11-6pm, Thursday to Saturday 11-8pm. Closed Sunday

Applications are welcome from qualified candidates to fill one vacancy for a voting member of the Board of Director. The Governance Committee of the board will review the candidates and recommend a selection to the Board of Directors. The Board will then nominate the selected individual to the shareholder for approval. The term of office is four (4) years, with renewal of the term at the discretion of the shareholder for a second four years. 2 2 Directors receive $300 per normal meeting (up to a half day) and $500 per full day meeting.

•• ••

Previous Previous board board of of directors directors experience experience or or experience experience working working with with boards boards or or committees. committees. Understanding of the history, culture, and aspirations of the MCFN community. Understanding of the history, culture, and aspirations of the MCFN community.

Preference Preference will will be be given given to: to: •• Persons who are Persons who are members members of of MCFN MCFN or or other other First First Nation Nation candidates candidates that that meet meet the the qualifications. qualifications.

Neils Chip Stand will be starting delivery for supper time

Just call in you order 226-388-0436. To the village is $8.00 and surround area. Wednesday -

Wings with side of Fries 11.50 Thursday - Perch Chips 12.00 Friday Fish and Chips Dinner 12.50

insta: fjord_metal_roofing

Vacancy, Term of Office and Compensation

Qualifications Qualifications Suitable Suitable candidates candidates for for the the voting voting director director will will meet meet the the following following criteria: criteria:

from 4-7:30 on Thursday and Friday and Saturday from 3- 6 pm.

519 774 9633

As a corporation, MCBC is governed by a board of five voting directors, all of whom are independent of the shareholder, and three non-voting directors representing the council, elder and youth constituencies of MCFN. In addition to the board’s responsibility for overseeing the management of MCBC, assessing its performance and approving its policies, the directors also set the strategic direction of MCBC and ensure the corporation follows good business practices, such as planning, budgeting, and risk management.

Of all the business corporations with First Nations as their shareholders in Canada, MCBC may hold among the greatest opportunities. The treaty lands of MCFN include almost all of Ontario’s Greater Golden Horseshoe, which contains approximately two-thirds of Ontario’s GDP and onefifth of Canada’s GDP. In pursuit of projects in its own treaty lands, MCBC aim is to position itself as a partner or service provider to major clients and customers, from regional, national and multinational corporations to Canada’s local, provincial and federal governments.

To the numerous hockey, lacrosse, baseball, soccer, and track teams that Dean was part of; thank you, for enriching his life.

Thank you for the memorial lacrosse stick and to Two Row Times, also to Bill Lofthouse for guiding us through this time of grief. There are no words that can adequately express our gratitude.

Mississaugas of the Credit Business Corporation (MCBC) exists to build long-term wealth generation and develop short-term income opportunities for its shareholder, the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation (MCFN). The company develops and manages the for-profit, on- and offterritory enterprises of MCFN. In fulfilling its mandate, MCBC seeks to honourably represent MCFN’s history, culture and core values.

The Board typically meets once a month (usually in the early evening), and Directors are generally expected to participate in additional committee work. While the Board of Directors operates independently from the shareholder, the company reports on its business and affairs to its shareholder – MCFN Chief and Council – through an annual general meeting.

Thank You

To all of Dean’s family, friends, employers, coworkers, teammates, players, and community members his parents Clarice and Garry and Kayla say thank you for the love and support given to us throughout a most difficult time; the passing of our beloved Dean.

Vacancy – Board of Directors


Persons Persons with with deep deep business business experience experience and and aa track-record track-record of of business business accomplishment, accomplishment, whether whether as as an an entrepreneur entrepreneur or or within within aa corporate corporate environment. environment.


Persons Persons with with the the time time and and flexibility flexibility to to Chair Chair the the Business Business Review Review Committee Committee of of the the Board Board and work with management between board meetings. and work with management between board meetings.

•• Persons Persons who who have have experience experience working working with with First First Nations Nations on on business business development development issues. issues. In addition, eligible candidates must provide a criminal record check. In addition, eligible candidates must provide a criminal record check. Applications Applications If If you you wish wish to to be be considered considered for for this this vacancy, vacancy, please please submit submit your your cover cover letter, letter, resume resume or or description description of your experience and interest no later than 4 pm on November 5, 2021 to: of your experience and interest no later than 4 pm on November 5, 2021 to: Amanda Amanda Laforme Laforme Executive Executive Assistant, Assistant, MCBC MCBC

By By e-mail: e-mail: By mail or hand delivery: delivery: MCBC, MCBC, Unit Unit 203, 203, New New Credit Credit Retail Retail Plaza, Plaza, 78 78 First First Line, Line, By mail or hand Hagersville, Ontario, N0A 1H0 Hagersville, Ontario, N0A 1H0 Questions: Questions: If you you have have any any questions questions regarding regarding this this opportunity, opportunity, please please contact: contact: If Leonard Rickard Rickard Leonard Chief Executive Officer, MCBC MCBC Chief Executive Officer, By phone: phone: (905) (905) 581-4055 581-4055 By By e-mail: e-mail: By Miigwech // Thank Thank you you Miigwech

Mississaugas Mississaugas of of the the Credit Credit Business Business Corporation Corporation


October 27th, 2021 26

21 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 2014


send notices to Obituaries


MITCHELL: James Robert “Choo-Choo” “Boz” March 9, 1971 - October 18, 2021

MARTIN-COWHIG: Yvonne Margaret

James suddenly passed away in Red Deer, Alberta at the age of 50 years old. He will be sadly missed by his children; Kenneth, Randy, Kiara, James Jr., Nola, Avis, and the late Cheyanne; grandson Dalton Levi. Survived by his mother Carolyn Skye and father James Mitchell; his sisters, Susan Heffer, Debora (John) Spencer, Tanya (Scott); aunts & uncles, Anita Skye (Gene), Alva Thomas (late John), Tammy Martin, Virgil Skye, Dave & Jackie Mitchell, Larry & Barbara Mitchell, Margaret Mitchell, Darlene Jacobs, late Gladys Mitchell-Smoke, late Esther Jock, and late Noah Mitchell. Predeceased by grandparents, Eleanor & Bruce Skye, and Evelynn & John Mitchell. Also survived by many nieces, nephews, and cousins from Six Nations and Akwesasne. He will be resting at his cousin’s, David Bomberry home at 2680 3rd Line, Six Nations after 5pm Saturday, October 23, 2021. Funeral Service and Burial will be held at Lower Cayuga Longhouse on Sunday, October 24, 2021 at 11am. Please follow Covid restrictions, wear a mask. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken. www.rhbanderson. com “Fly High Bro!”x

Edith (Pete) Styres February 10/41 - October 24/21 Wolf Clan, Cayuga Nation I would like to Announce the peaceful passing of my mother, Edith (Pete) Styres, Sunday night at Brantford General Hospital. She was a Great mother, grandmother, Aunt and Great Aunt. She was much Loved and will be much missed.

Adult Courses

FREE Training The Achievement Centre is offering an online course that takes a look at Indigenous contributions to Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math (Isteam) This self-paced introductory course can help adults gain knowledge & skills that will enhance their ability make connections to further learning and/or employment opportunities. Begins: November 1, 2021 For more information, or to register, please email:, or text: 519-757-5989.


NOTICE TO CRAFTERS – SIX NATIONS ARTS & CRAFTS SALE – JC HILL SCHOOL Please note that due to COVID protocol/requirements; there will be no craft sale again this year. Hopefully we will be able to carry on business as usual for Nov 2022. For those vendors wanting their pre-paid vendor fee returned – email or text 519-732-6128.

Coming Event

Golden Spoon drive thru dinner for seniors 55 and up. October 28th 2021. 3pm to 6pm. Family and Youth centre 1527 Fourth Line Rd. Corn soup and Ham and scone.

Peacefully surrounded by her loving family on October 24, 2021 went home to the Creator. Cherished wife of Jim Cowhig. Loving mother of Tabitha (Paul), John (Kelli), Martin (Jackie). Beloved daughter of Muriel Martin and predeceased by her father Eldred Glenn (E.G.) Martin. Predeceased by her in-laws John and Leona Cowhig. Awesome GG to grand babies Reign, Av (Kourtney), Logan, Spencer, Enya, Gabriel, and Jackson. Big sister to Wendell, (predeceased) Missy (Mike), Jay, Shawn, Barry (Diana), Jody (Kelly), Tracey (Lucky), and Jason. Yvonne was an accomplished professional dart player whose proudest personal achievement was attaining a number 5 ranking in North America in the PDC Pro Tour. A celebration of life will be held at her son Martin’s house at 1408 Mohawk Road on Wednesday, October 27, 2021 at 1pm. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the McMaster Children’s Hospital or Ronald McDonald House, Ancaster. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.


22 37


October28TH, 27th,2018 2021 NOVEMBER


send notices to Obituaries


JOHNSON: Betty Lou “Do” September 10, 1954 – October 19, 2021

SANDY: Morley Wayne “Moe” September 30, 1952 - October 20, 2021

It is with the greatest sorrow that we announce the passing of our loving Mom, Gramma, Auntie and Sister, Do. Loving mother to Jaime (Rob) and Jennifer (Wally), second mom and mentor to Garrett, Tuck and Kim, special great-gram to her pride and joy Allyria. Do will be fondly remembered by her grandchildren Scott (Cheyenne), Kyle (Nicole), Emily, Courtney (Austin), Dakota, Taylor, Erin and Dion, and great-grandchildren Remy, Connor, Rylee, Izzy, Adrian, Cayden, Callie and Camilla. Do was a special Auntie to Cathy, Carolyn (Tim), Bucky, Warren, Owen and Kimari. Do leaves behind her siblings: John, Lonnie (late Mary), Bud (Rock, late Ruby), Dolly, Joe (Pat) and Dip (Toni). Do will be sadly missed by numerous nieces, nephews, cousins and friends. She has been reunited with her fur-baby Sadie Marie, parents Fred and Laura (nee Hill), siblings Bill (Ada), Frank, Belva and Mini, as well as her granddaughter Jordan. She will be resting at her homestead at 7507 Indian Line after 6pm on Wednesday October 20th, 2021. Funeral services will be held on Friday October 22, 2021 at 11am followed by internment at the Hill Family Plot on Mohawk Road. The Johnson family would like to extend a heartfelt Thank You to the Six Nations Dialysis Unit and Dr. Hardy at the Brantford General Hospital for all their care and support. Visitation and funeral will be open for all with COVID protocols in effect. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

It is with profound sadness and broken hearts that we announce the passing of our hero Morley “Moe” Sandy. Cherished husband and best friend of 47 years to Mary L Sandy. Loved and adored by his children Brandy (Les), Brandon, Misty, Michelle, and Don. He was a proud papa to his treasures Bailey, Emily, Emmet, Matt, Kelsey, Charley, Tyrus, Mckayla, Bub, Kirby, Keaten, Keafer and Pyper. A loving great grandpa to 13 great grandchildren. Moe is reunited with his brothers Chris, Cleveland and Gary, his parents Mitchell and Geraldine Sandy. He leaves behind his brothers and sisters Mike, Johnson (Brenda), Wendy, Gail, Brenda (late Sherwin Thomas), Beverley (Freeman), Linda and Sherry. Numerous nieces, nephews and cousins. Moe was a proud brother for 50+ years to Ironworkers 736 and he was well known for his knowledge of the blast furnaces. Moe’s legacy of iconic work and dedication will be known throughout the workforce and community, he always had the community’s best interest at heart. Moe’s known for being tough and gruff with a heart of gold, that’s how he will be remembered. His short battle with Covid was the only fight he has ever lost. Heart-felt appreciation to the ICU staff at St. Joe’s in Hamilton for the care and compassion. Visitation will be held at Hyde & Mott Chapel, 60 Main Street South Hagersville on Monday October 25, 2021 from 5-9 pm. A private funeral will be held on Tuesday with cremation to follow. Covid protocols will be in place.

Hill’s Snack Bar Come and enjoy the excellent food that Hill’s Snack Bar is famous for!

ALL DAY BREAKFAST Offering Smoking and Non-Smoking Rooms


905-765-1331 3345 6th Line Road, Six Nations

POWLESS: Constance “Dolly” July 29th 1931 - Oct 19th 2021 Peacefully at home surrounded by the love of her family on Oct 19th 2021 at the age of 90, she began her new journey. Predeceased by beloved spouse Douglas Anderson (2014). Loving mother of Bud, Chris & Ron, Connie, Cindy & Don, Delby & Marcie, Deanna & Obe, Darlene, Donna, Paulette & Doug, Debbie, JR & Gayle. Like a mother to Dianne. Predeceased by sons Albert & Donnie, one grandson and two great grandchildren. Cherished Granny of numerous grandchildren, great grandchildren and great great grandchildren. 5 generations. Survived by sisters Lois (Clark, deceased) and Marguerite (Peter, deceased). Predeceased by parents Sam and Leah (Staats) Powless. Siblings Jim, Melvin, Marvin, Merle, Willis, Winnie, Del, Lynn, Harvey and Ray. Survived by several nephews, nieces and cousins. Resting at her home 7658 Indian Line, visitation will take place Friday from 1pm - 4pm and 6pm - 8pm. Funeral Service will be held on Saturday, October 23, 2021 at 1pm, also at her home. Interment Hagersville Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, to honour Dolly survivor #12, please donate to “Save The Evidence Campaign” at the Woodland Cultural Center on Mohawk St. in Brantford ON or Iroquois Lodge, Ohsweken ON. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.


October 27th, DECEMBER 19TH,2021 2018

CLUES ACROSS 1. Pouch 4. Cooling device 7. Corporate exec (abbr.) 10. Antidiuretic hormone 11. South American plant 12. Adult female bird 13. Type of snake 15. Soak in water 16. Emerge 19. Church tower 21. Having solidified from lava 23. Eye parts 24. Natural 25. Swiss river 26. Require to live 27. Obstruct 30. Immobile 34. Expression of satisfaction 35. Moved quickly 36. Popular cocktail 41. Dish detergent brand 45. Waxed finish 46. Kyrgyzstan mountain range 47. A place to get clean 50. Able to be rescued 54. Large, open grassland 55. Expressions for humorous effect 56. Hindu goddess 57. Beverage container 59. Long narrow hilltop 60. Sir (abbr.) 61. Data executive 62. Doctor of Education 63. Car mechanics group 64. Autonomic nervous system 65. “The Partridge Family” actress

23 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 There’s no need to separate business and pleasure this week, Aries. You can find a way to combine them if you get creative. Get the work team on board.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 Taurus, if collaborating with someone else has you second-guessing yourself, venture out alone for a little bit and see what progress you made. You can always team up later.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 Gemini, others look to your for support in the days ahead. Lend an ear and a helping hand if asked. Simply being there as a sounding board may be enough. CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, expect the unexpected in the days ahead. The unknown can be mysterious, and that can spice things up for a little while. Embrace the challenge.

CLUES DOWN 1. Cavalry-sword 2. Gland above the kidneys 3. Hat 4. Predict 5. A team’s best pitcher 6. Countries 7. Substitutions 8. Peruses again 9. Popular food 13. Reciprocal of a sine 14. Of or relating to the ears 17. __ juris: Independent 18. Keyboard key 20. Fat from a pig 22. AC manufacturer 27. Organization of N. and S. American countries 28. 22nd star of a constellation

Answers for October 27th, 2021 Crossword Puzzle

29. Scoundrel 31. A way to save money 32. Boy or young man 33. Midway between northeast and east 37. Egg-laying mammal 38. Salt of citric acid 39. Barbary sheep 40. Actress __ de Mornay 41. Gambling hotspots 42. Wing-shaped 43. Basked in 44. Poison 47. Beats per minute 48. Macaws 49. Military vehicles 51. Elderly woman 52. Body part 53. Midway between east and southeast 58. Forearm nerve (abbr.)


LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Leo, your willpower may not be strong this week, so be on guard if temptation arises. It’s alright to indulge once in awhile, but do your best to stay the course.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, a little personal pampering can go a long way from time to time. You can’t always look the other way regarding your personal needs. Help yourself to help others. LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, you’re usually cool as a cucumber, but something has you riled up this week that may be putting doubts in your head. Focus and breathe.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, you may feel like you are ready to throw caution to the wind, but deep down you know that’s not your style. Continue to do your research and find the best way forward.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 Sagittarius, a conversation with a loved one provides some clarity for both of you. Allow this heart-to-heart to serve as a foundation for future discussions.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Build restful moments into your schedule while working from home, Capricorn. This way you have a fine line between home and work life. Start today with a long lunch. AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 You can pursue different ventures all the while keeping your day job, Aquarius. It’s not a “oneor-the-other” thing. If something feels like a calling, do your research.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Take stock of your relationships, Pisces. Make sure that you are getting as much as you’re giving. Work out any imbalances if necessary.

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES



The Two Row Times wishes you all A Safe and Happy Halloween

October 27th, 2021

Millions discover their favorite reads on issuu every month.

Give your content the digital home it deserves. Get it to any device in seconds.