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The Waterford Pumpkinfest lives (kinda) during Covid. The main festival has been cancelled but some of its spirit has been kept alive with house and business decorating contests, facebook pumpkin decorating contest and sale of Pumpkinfest apparel. There also was an extremely short parade of a couple of floats. An official statement said, "For this year we are focusing on distanced events. House decorating contest, business decorating contest, virtual pumpkin decorating contest and yes the Old Town Hall has organized a distanced musical walk with many small musical stops for people to stroll by and watch!" PHOTO BY DAVE LAFORCE PM42686517




October 21st, 2020

keeping you informed.

Elected Council warns of second wave, discour- A spookier Pumpkinfest ages Halloween to fight spread of COVID-19 STAFF REPORT



OHSWEKEN — The Six Nations Elected Council is taking action against the spread of the coronavirus in the community, confirming Six Nations is facing the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Six Nations Emergency Control Group made several recommendations to the Elected Council in an effort to reduce community spread of the virus. Last week a surge of cases sent local officials into action, acknowledging that there was no known source of infection for some cases and telling residents to take caution as the virus is active in the community. SNGR passed four motions: including extending school closures, mandatory masks and reducing gathering sizes. The first motion involves the Federal Schools remaining closed to students but will be open to School staff until Jan-

Waterford's annual Pumpkinfest wasn't cancelled this year instead they practiced social distancing by having house and business decorating contests and pumpkin contests on social media. PHOTO BY DAVE LAFORCE

Impaired driver found with fentanyl After discouraging Trick or Treating this year, Elected Council passed motions to extend school cloPHOTO OBTAINED BY TRT sures, mandatory masks and reducing gathering sizes.

uary 2021, and that this situation be re-assessed in December 2020 and a further decision made. The second motion moved that face coverings be made mandatory within all indoor public spaces and ride services with the exception of children under the age of 2, a person with a medical condition or other disability that inhibits their ability to wear face coverings, a person who is unable to put on or remove their face covering

without assistance, employees behind a physical barrier, and where in conflict with any college or professional guidelines. Mandatory face coverings are required to enter all Six Nations department buildings and are to be work in office settings when physical distancing cannot be maintained. Face shields or mouth shields are not acceptable face coverings when used on their own. The third motion

passed calls for unmonitored indoor and outdoor gathering sizes reduced to household members only. The final motion passed by EC strongly discourages home to home Trick or Treating. Council will host an alternative Halloween celebration — a COVID safe Community Halloween Drive-thru event scheduled for October 30th, 2020 from 4:00PM to 7:00PM.

BRANT COUNTY - OPP were called to a motor vehicle collision on October 16, 2020 at approximately 3:50 p.m. on Highway #403 near Wayne Gretzky Parkway in the County of Brant. Officers attended the area and located the involved vehicle and conducted an investigation. They found that driver was impaired by drug and in possession of fentanyl. As a result of the investigation police have charged the driver Shari Lyn Lewis, 37-years-old of The City of Dundas with Operation while impaired by alcohol or drug contrary to Section 320.14(1) (a) of the Crimi-

nal Code of Canada. They have also been charged with Possession of a schedule 1 drug (fentanyl) for the purpose of trafficking contrary to Section 5(1) of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act and Possession of a schedule 3 drug (Risperidone) contrary to Section 4(1) of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act. The accused will appear in the Ontario Court of Justice in Brantford at a later date to answer to the charges. If convicted, the offender will be subject to the Criminal Code penalties, including a fine or jail time, and a driving prohibition.

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October 21st, 2020


Lifelong Learning Taskforce Launches Website and Engagement Platform SIX NATIONS – The Six Nations Lifelong Learning Taskforce announced the launch of their new website and online engagement platform. The online engagement platform seeks to gather the community’s guidance on what a recommended education plan looks like for Six Nations. Respondents provide input on ideas and draft recommendations on a rating scale from “totally opposed” to “in total support”. Each question provides a bit of background information including work in done in the space to date or past key findings. It then proposes a statement or solution for rating and comment. Community Engagement is divided into two phases. Phase One (ongoing until Spring 2021) focuses discussions on Kindergarten to Grade 12. Phase two of engagement will build on community direction provided on K-12 education and expand to include the full Lifelong Learning

continuum and will take place Spring 2021 to Spring 2022. The website itself, includes detailed reports tailored to the unique education landscape on Six Nations. Items in these reports explain various nuances about Six Nations education including costing structures for ongoing programming, future infrastructure needs, enhancement to special needs programming, and parental/ community involvement. The website also includes a general history about Six Nations historical pursuit to take control of their “education story” over the past several decades. “We encourage the community, to read through the LLTF reports section to help familiarize yourselves with the work the LLFT is trying to complete,” said Julia Candlish, Education Manager. The Lifelong Learning Taskforce was established in early 2018 and was formed to guide the development of recom-

mendations on a world class education system for the Six Nations Community. The taskforce will be providing recommendations to Six Nations on a proposed education system grounded in language and culture that will meet the current and future needs of Six Nations learners. The taskforce is comprised of over 30 representatives from all schools and entities involved in supporting lifelong learning at Six Nations. The taskforce is open to adding new members throughout the process. In order to ensure the education plan is reflective of the Six Nations Community, the Lifelong Learning Taskforce needs the community to be involved in the engagement process. Community members can engage online by visiting the Six Nations Lifelong Learning Taskforce Website at www.snlifelonglearning. ca or by phone 226-4931245.

Featuring stories from some of lacrosse’s most influential Indigenous players across Turtle Island. Including:

Turtle’s Back Publishing A division of the Ontario Native Literacy Coalition Monday, October 26th marks the long awaited and highly anticipated release of Turtle’s Back Publishing, a division of the Ontario Native Literacy Coalition’s upcoming publication on the game of lacrosse titled Akhwatsirehkó:wa My Big Family — Our Game, Our Experience, Our Way. Our young talented writers Brennor Jacobs (Oneida Nation) and Brendan Bomberry (Mohawk Nation) have brought to all lacrosse fans and readers a book that encapsulates the traditional values of the Haudenosaunee while navigating the ever expanding modern game, exploring just how the medicine game has come to affect those who play the game around the world. The game of lacrosse is without a doubt an Indigenous game, that has been long intertwined within Indigenous culture and has taken on many forms throughout history. What is apparent is that the game remains highly respected amongst many Indigenous communities, for the lessons it affords us. It is a game gifted from the Sky, one that does not care for the intricacies of a strained mind, only that you lose yourself within its keen embrace. Akhwatsirehkó:wa My Big Family explores three areas; Spirituality, Intellectual Scholarship, and Emotional Well-being, where players have used the game of lacrosse to navigate particular spheres within their own lives, while also exploring the current climate of lacrosse through personal stories and triumphant celebration of the blazing history the game continues to write for itself.

Randy Staats Lyle Thompson Darris Kilgour Allie Jimerson Oliver Hill Jacelyn Lazore Cody Jamieson Warren Hill Brandon Montour Also featuring many others from the global lacrosse community like: John Tavares John Grant Sr. Connor Wilson Joakim Miller Reilly Smith Brendan Smith Rory Smith Tim Wunderlich Frank Lawrence Keith Nyberg Bobby Allan Akhwatsirehkó:wa My Big Family will be available for $75.00 CAD. To purchase your copy please visit our website at www.onlc.ca/shop. The Ontario Native Literacy Coalition (ONLC) is a not-for-profit, charitable organization, one of four provincial umbrella organizations funded by the Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development (MLTSD). Incorporated since 1988 and operating under the guidance of an elected Board of Directors, the ONLC is a provincial networking and field development organization supporting and serving Native Stream Literacy Service Providers and learners in Ontario. Turtle’s Back Publishing (TBP), a division of ONLC was established in the spring of 2019. TBP aims to publish Indigenous works that strengthen and amplify Indigenous knowledge. It is TBP’s mission to provide publications developed and created by Indigenous writers that enrich, advocate and promote North American Indigenous literacies. Visit our website www.onlc.ca to get more information on the Ontario Native Literacy Coalition, and to view all our publications OR follow us on social media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter).

Please join us on October 26th, 2020 at 2pm ET on our YouTube Channel (https://www.youtube.com/channel/ UCG7XuNVDstgg6A7lko3B_ow) for a special 1-hour release show, where you will have a chance to win your own copy of Akhwatsirehkó:wa and many other prizes signed by players featured in our book!!



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Fatal crash on 4th line OHSWEKEN — On October 15th, 2020, at 5:22 AM, police were dispatched to a single vehicle crash on Fourth Line Road, west of Chiefswood Road in the Village of Ohsweken. Police arrived on scene and determined five occupants were travelling in a 2009 black Mercedes Benz at a high rate of speed. The vehicle was headed west bound and lost control, striking a tree. One occupant was confirmed deceased at

the scene and four others were transported to the hospital. The injuries are ranging from life threatening to serious. Traffic re-construction officers from Six Nations Police and the Ontario Provincial Police attended the scene. Anyone with information or may have witnessed the collision, is asked to please contact Six Nations Police at 519-4452811 or Detective Constable Priscilla Staats at the same number provided.

October 21st, 2020

Five things to know about the dispute over Nova Scotia's Indigenous lobster fishery CANADIAN PRESS



HALIFAX — Tensions remain high in the dispute over the Indigenous lobster fishery in Nova Scotia. Here are five things to know about the situation. 1. The dispute has a long history. In September 1999, the Supreme Court of Canada affirmed the treaty rights of the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy bands in Eastern Canada to hunt, fish and gather to earn a ``moderate livelihood.'' The court decided that a Mi'kmaq fisherman from Cape Breton, Donald Marshall Jr., had the right to fish for eels and sell them when and where he wanted _ without a licence. That ruling was based on the interpretation of the Peace and Friendship Treaties approved by the British Crown in 1760 and 1761, which describe long-standing promises, obligations and benefits for the Crown. The Supreme Court also said Marshall's treaty rights were protected by the Constitution. However, the court said those rights are limited to securing ``necessaries'' and do not extend to the ``open-ended accumulation of wealth.'' 2. The Supreme Court of Canada clarified its ruling and muddied the waters. Two months after the

Marshall decision, the Supreme Court provided a clarification that remains at the heart of the current dispute in Nova Scotia. The court stated that the constitutionally protected treaty rights cited in the first decision were not unlimited, and the Indigenous fisheries could be regulated. The court, however, also said those regulations had to be justified for conservation or other important public objectives. That key caveat is often cited by non-Indigenous commercial fishermen who say they would have no problem with a separate, Indigenous commercial lobster fishery, so long as it complied with federally regulated seasons. When the Sipekne'katik First Nation launched its self-regulated lobster fishery on St. Marys Bay on Sept. 17, the federally regulated fishing season in that area had been closed since May 31, and it doesn't reopen until Nov. 30. 3. The federal government has reached fishing agreements with other First Nations in the region. After the Marshall decision spelled out the extent of treaty rights in 1999, some First Nations started fishing for lobster right away, prompting a backlash from non-Indigenous protesters. The Mi'kmaq communities at Burnt Church in

New Brunswick and Indian Brook in Nova Scotia _ now known as Sipekne'katik _ defied federal authorities and set traps outside the regulated season. That led to the seizure of traps, arrests, charges, collisions on the water, shots fired at night, boat sinkings, injuries and threats of retribution. At the time, the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans assumed an aggressive posture on the water, where DFO boats were spotted ramming Mi'kmaq boats from Burnt Church. Despite an ugly start, the federal government eventually started helping First Nations build their communal commercial fishing fleets. Between 2007 and 2015, the value of communal commercial landings rose from $66 million to $145 million for the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations. And in 2019, Fisheries and Oceans Canada signed two 10-year Rights Reconciliation Agreements with the Elsipogtog (Big Cove) and Esgenoopetitj (Burnt Church) First Nations in New Brunswick, and the Maliseet of Viger First Nation in Quebec. 4. Most Mi'kmaq in Nova Scotia say they aren't interested in selling out their treaty rights. Bruce Wildsmith, legal counsel for the Mi'kmaq Rights Initiative, has said the 2019 agreements

don't meet First Nations' requirements for a licensed moderate livelihood fishery, which he sees as separate and distinct from a regular commercial fishery. These agreements require Indigenous fishers to adhere to federal regulations, including restrictions on when fishing can take place. Wildsmith, who represented Marshall before the Supreme Court, says the Mi'kmaq want a moderate livelihood fishery based on separate consultations with the federal government. The fishery would have its own set of regulations based on nation-to-nation agreements that have yet to be drafted, despite years of talks. 5. Conservation of the lobster stocks is central to the debate in Nova Scotia. Some commercial fishermen have argued that lobster fishing should not be permitted at this time of year because lobsters moult — shedding their undersized shells — in the mid-summer months, which is also when female lobsters can mate. The Sipekne'katik First Nation, however, has insisted that its fisheries management plan ensures conservation of the lobster stocks, noting that fishing didn't start until Sept. 17. The First Nation has already submitted a fisheries management plan to Ottawa.


October 21st, 2020


Human remains sent for evaluation JIM WINDLE



BRANTFORD - Human remains found during a public utilities project in the area of Glenwood Drive back in early August have been sent to the University of Arizona for forensic evaluation, according to Brantford Police. The intact skeletal remains have been already determined not to be modern. Glenwood Drive is located in the Locks Road area near where the 1784 Mohawk Village once stood, on high ground over looking the main portion of the village. The remains could predate the arrival of the Six

Nations as this same region was home to a number of very large Tobacco (Neutral) Indian settlements. One of the earliest non-native visitors of the Grand River area was a Catholic Monk who found several Neutral villages along the Grand near what is now Brantford, Caledonia, and Middleport. U of A’s Radio Carbon dating methods will determine the exact age of the remains. Provincial government regulations say that when human remains are found and foul play is ruled out by the coroner, the land owner where human remains were discovered will normally be tasked to cover the cost of hiring a licensed archaeologist to carry out an investigation.

The archaeologist will determine the burial site's age and cultural history. The location of the remains is on part of what was once the John Lovejoy estate in the early 1830’s. Before then, it was part of the Mohawk Village region and before that, a common Neutral Indian’s hunting ground and hub of pre-contact Native commerce. The remains are determined to be of considerable age, but a settler grave is not ruled out at this point. The forensic analysis will offer more information. Not long ago skeletal remains were found during a fence installation near Berkett’s Lane. Those remains were determined to be of Onkwehonwe (Native) origin.






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October 21st, 2020

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Community Update from the Six Nations Cannabis Commission We would like to provide the Six Nations community an update to the ongoing work of the Six Nations Cannabis Commission.

Revisions to the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law The Commission has completed a total review of the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law and identified key policy recommendations that will guide the revisions to the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law. In particular, we have identified the areas that need to be harmonized with federal and provincial law — while also making sure the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law is an expression of community autonomy and self-government. For example, the Six Nations Cannabis Law must uphold the same criminal prohibitions and health and safety standards, as federal and Ontario cannabis legislation. At the same time, we heard community members say that the Cannabis Law has to make sense for the people of Six Nations. For example, if anyone is charged a fine for violating the Cannabis Law, those fines should come back to Six Nations and not be submitted to the federal or provincial governments. We are creating policies to make that possible. We also heard community members say they want to have restorative justice options for those who have been previously charged under the Cannabis Act. This would prevent our

people from being pushed into Canada’s justice system for minor violations and instead require Six Nations membership to be accountable to the Six Nations community. It would also make room for people to leave the illicit cannabis industry and join the legal industry. We are working with community stakeholders such as the Six Nations Police and the Six Nations Justice Department to create those opportunities. Production Applications We are pleased to report that we are on track to have the Applications for Cannabis Production ready for distribution on November 30, 2020.

Environmental Assessment Six Nations members have said that any development in the community must protect our natural environment. That is why the Commission has examined the whole picture of Six Nations lands, our waterways, ceremonial spaces, schools, community spaces and habitats to determine where cannabis business can be safely built with the least amount of negative impact on our environment. We are creating regulations that will require cannabis businesses to operate responsibly, minimizing things like light and sound pollution. We have also examined the risks posed by the increase of traffic that comes from industrial activity, issues surrounding odour from cannabis

production and cross-pollination from cannabis production facilities so that Six Nations own cannabis industry doesn’t negatively impact residents’ homes or the livelihoods of our farmers. Six Nations members have said they want all development on our territory to protect community spaces of value like burial grounds, medicine fields, or private family cemeteries. For this reason, we have created an interactive map tool that will support the Commission in determining where cannabis businesses can safely operate, avoid contaminating our waters and protect the spaces that Six Nations people consider sacred. A screenshot of this tool is included in this update. We are seeking community wisdom from Six Nations families and Haudenosaunee knowledge keepers on where those sacred spaces are that need protecting. If you know of a location in need of protection and would like us to consider flagging it on our interactive mapping tool — we would like to hear from you. We are looking for information within the community such as (but not limited to) the location of: •Burial grounds •Areas used for growing crops and traditional medicines •Important places for fishing and gathering diverse species •‘Seasonal rounds’ for when and where different species are harvested •Important cultural and archaeological sites

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•Travel and trade routes •Spiritual areas •Wildlife Trees •Hunting/Trapping/ Harvesting Areas •Wildlife Corridors/ Migration Routes •Meeting Places •Ceremonial Sites •Schools and Healthcare Facilities •Flood Risk Areas •Campgrounds •Monuments •Art/Carvings •Culturally Valued and Historical Areas You can email info@ sncannabis.com for more information.

Commission Governance The Six Nations Cannabis Commission has appointed new members and is still actively recruiting for more members to join the team. Anyone interested can send a cover letter and resume to info@sncannabis.com for consideration. We have also tabled a proposed Constitution to govern the internal operation of the Cannabis Commission for Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council (“SNGR”) to review and approve. This is a governance document that, among other matters, sets out what is expected of a Commissioner and would replace the current Terms of Reference in the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law — which we all agree is insufficient to support the Commission in our work. Community Advisory Committee The Commission is looking for community

members and cannabis businesses to participate on an advisory committee. Anyone interested in participating please email info@sncannabis.com for more information.

A Safe and Regulated Industry We have heard a common theme from Six Nations members loud and clear: the Six Nations cannabis industry must be 100% for the benefit of Six Nations band members. In the illicit cannabis industry, cannabis is often grown by organized crime and then sold to illicit dispensaries who may be unaware that they are connected to organized crime activity. At the end of the day, some of the proceeds from purchasing illicit product gets back into the hands of organized crime. Six Nations members told us that they want an industry that 100% benefits Six Nations band members and our community. That is why we are making a policy recommendation to SNGR that all cannabis activity on Six Nations must be 100% owned by Six Nations band members. This, and all other big-picture policy matters will ultimately be a decision of SNGR. We are also working to provide economic opportunities for our members to secure funding for proposed cannabis businesses through Aboriginal Financial Institutions such as Two Rivers. Further details on those opportunities will be released soon. We would like to remind members that

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while cannabis has been legalized in Canada, there is still a very active illegal cannabis industry which, according to Statistics Canada1, still accounts for more than 50% of all non-medical cannabis sales in Canada. The Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council has mandated the Six Nations Cannabis Commission as the sole regulatory body for all cannabis activity on Six Nations. We were put in place, along with the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law to make sure that the illegal cannabis industry does not set up a home on Six Nations. A regulated cannabis industry will protect members from organized crime and the socio-economic problems that come along with it — like an increase in addictions, drug trafficking, violent crimes, weapons and human trafficking. We know that these things are already trying to take hold of our community. Regulating the cannabis industry is Six Nations way of fighting back against that presence in our community. Illicit/illegal cannabis negatively impacts the whole community by undermining public health and safety, supporting organized crime and giving our young people easier access to cannabis.

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October 21st, 2020

A Time of Great Change

Since 1994, the Indigenous Diabetes Health Circle (IDHC) worked to build diabetes wellness capacity for Indigenous people in Ontario. We know that our people achieve best health outcomes through programs designed, developed and led by Indigenous communities. Our solution is conscious, holistic and long-term — seven generations long. We address the immediate and practical and we also address the root cause of Indigenous diabetes (colonization). We express Indigenous culture and spirituality in all that we do. Our approach expresses Indigenous power.

We prayed for change, we hoped for change, and we worked toward change. And now we are seeing change. Over the past months, Indigenous people in Ontario have had to respond to the evolving global pandemic, COVID-19, both from a personal and communal standpoint. This may be a challenging and stressful time for many Indigenous people and communities due to social, political, and economic factors that exacerbate many pre-existing problems. The emerging issues from COVID-19 have a significant impact on Indigenous peoples who have comorbid medical conditions such as diabetes, as well as members who need to work while also having to care for their family members. Look to IDHC for support for diabetes wellness; community collaborations, programs, resources and frontline workers remain at your service.

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October 21st, 2020

Gift shopping for a special hunter STAFF REPORT



Those who have hunters, anglers or outdoorsmen on their holiday shopping lists may find that gifts facilitating these specific pursuits can be the ideal fit this holiday season. Rather than scouring the mall for hours, a visit to the nearest sports outfitter can yield a bevy of appropriate gift ideas. For some inspiration, consider these gifts for the outdoor enthusiast. Binoculars: Scoping out territory and looking for game is often part of the hunt. A set of durable new binoculars can give hunters an edge. Heated shoe insoles: Hunting and fishing often require long wait periods Ă‘ sometimes in chilly weather. Heated shoe insoles and hand warmers

can keep outdoorsmen warm. GPS/digital watch: Although many smartphones tell time and offer GPS services, lightweight watches may be more convenient than phones. For example, the Garmin Fenex Watch is waterproof and offers such functions as GPS, an altimeter, barometer and a digital compass. All-season tent: Camping out is not just a summer activity. A tent that is rated to withstand various temperatures and conditions can be an asset. Waders: Anglers sometimes need to get up close and personal with their prey. A sturdy pair of breathable waders is ideal for those who venture out of the boat or off of the coast. Wool socks: They may be a basic item, but hikers, hunters and other sports people canÕt stock

up enough on warm, sweat-wicking wool socks that will keep their feet comfortable and dry on all excursions. Folding knife: Knives are ideal for cutting fishing line, twigs for a campfire and much more. A sturdy, quality knife that fits easily in a pocket or backpack is a must-have for hunters, campers and anglers. Water-resistant pouch: A day on the boat or near the water requires gear that can get wet without soiling items stored inside. Choose a pouch that can fit a camera, keys, phone, and other necessities. Climbing stand: Hunters frequently spend time up in the trees to get a better view of oncoming game. Stationary tree stands may remain for the season, but lightweight offerings fold and can be transported from area to area.

need to be worn from the waist up. Some hunters may need to have hunter orange cover 50 percent of their bodies while they`re hunting. In other instances, hunters may only be required to wear one item in blaze orange. In addition, hunting blinds may need to have a certain amount of square inches covered in blaze orange material. In New York State, 14and 15-year-old hunters and their mentors are required to wear fluorescent hunter orange or pink visible from all directions: shirt, jacket, or vest with at least 250 square inches of solid or patterned fluorescent orange or pink (the pattern must be at least 50 percent orange or pink) or a hat with at least 50 percent fluorescent orange or pink. All other NYS hunters are not required to wear blaze orange, but the Department of Environmental Conservation

highly recommends it. Many game animals, including deer, do not have red-sensitive cones in their eyes, and cannot distinguish orange and pink from green and brown. NYS DEC says hunters who wear blaze orange are seven times less likely to be shot. Unfortunately, some hunters are not aware of the fact that blaze orange is hidden to deer and other game or they simply do not want to wear it. Learning more about the safety of blaze orange may help change such hunters` minds. Hunting clothing manufacturers also are incorporating blaze orange into camouflage designs in proper ratios to combine the best of camouflage and blaze orange for style, efficacy and appearance. Blaze orange is an important safety component of hunting that helps keeps hunters visible and out of harm`s way.

Hunters and blaze orange




Hunters and prospective hunters are wise to educate themselves about the type of clothing they are allowed to wear. The rules of a hunting wardrobe, as with other aspects of hunting, such as size limits and location, vary according to local regulations. These laws must be followed at all times to ensure the safety of all hunters. Many areas require hunters to wear hunter orange, commonly called `blaze orange.` This is a very bright, often fluorescent shade of orange that makes hunters visible to other hunters. The percentage of blaze orange that hunters need to wear varies, and may even be determined by the type of game a person is hunting. Hunter orange may

October 21st, 2020



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Ancient stone patterns add new wrinkle to pipeline debate CANADIAN PRESS

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October 21st, 2020



MACKINAW CITY — Images from an underwater vehicle seem to reveal stone patterns on the bottom of the Straits of Mackinac in northern Michigan, possible evidence of Native American artifacts from thousands of years ago, a newspaper reported. A group of amateur explorers raised money to look at Enbridge Inc.'s oil pipeline on the lake bottom. The four women hired a boat equipped with an underwater vehicle and side-scan sonar. It can map the sea floor based on sound. The sonar showed what appears to be stones in a half-circle, the Detroit Free Press reported. ``It was really just amazing,'' said Andrea Pierce, 56, of Ypsilanti, a member of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians. The Great Lakes weren't always around. Glaciers cut

deep gorges into the earth, which then filled with water over thousands of years. ``People think of the edge of a glacier as a formidable place,'' said John O'Shea, a Great Lakes archaeologist at the University of Michigan. ``But it would have been a very rich place, attracting animals and hunters.'' Enbridge operates a dual pipeline known as Line 5 in the Straits, which connect lakes Huron and Michigan. It's now proposing to put the pipeline in a tunnel under the lakebed, though critics want any pipeline shut down. ``These things look intentionally spaced to me as a lay person. They are evenly spaced, there are circles, there are patterns,'' said Terri Wilkerson, 59, of Pinckney, who created a website, RetireLine5.org. Wilkerson said she and the women she worked with wanted to make the information public before a public comment period ends Monday on certain state permit requests by

Enbridge. ``The tribes first, and the state, should take the lead on investigating this. And Enbridge should be blocked now from disturbing anything in that area,'' Wilkerson said. Enbridge last year told the state that none of 32 ``acoustical contacts'' near the tunnel project area ``were determined likely to represent a submerged cultural resource.'' Spokesman Ryan Duffy said the company is willing to share its findings with tribal governments and others. ``We do not know if they assessed the same areas we did,'' he said. Hugh McDiarmid Jr., a spokesman for the state environment department, said the State Historic Preservation Office is aware of concerns from tribes and O'Shea. A tunnel through bedrock ``greatly reduces the likelihood that it would be routed through preserved historic artifacts,'' McDiarmid said.


October 21st, 2020


Provinces need to address racism in the health care system: Trudeau CANADIAN PRESS



OTTAWA — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau expressed confidence that provinces will join efforts to fight racism in the health-care system, adding he does not want to jump to any conclusions about how the federal government could make sure that happens. ``Right across country, all premiers have condemned racism,'' Trudeau said Friday at a news conference in Ottawa. ``There's still more work to do, obviously, but we are confident that we're going to be able to make significant improvements in the health care accessed by Indigenous Peoples,'' he said. The issue of anti-Indigenous racism in health care gained new attention from outrage over the treatment of Joyce Echaquan, who used her phone to livestream hospital staff using racist slurs against her as she lay dying in a Joliette, Que., hospital last month. On Thursday, Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller said the federal government is ready to use its financial leverage over the health system to fight anti-Indigenous racism there. The provinces are seeking billions more dollars health transfers from Ottawa and Miller suggested adding more money to a health-care system grappling with systemic racism should not be the only solution. On Friday, Miller said

provinces are eager to address systemic racism in the health-care system and ``it would be careless to suggest'' Ottawa would hold back federal health transfers from the provinces and territories during the COVID-19 pandemic. ``But what we need to do is ensure that when federal money is invested according to its constitutional power, it is done in a fashion that reflects our values and our moral and legal duty to serve Indigenous Peoples and to ensure that they have first-class health care in the best country in the world.'' Miller, federal Health Minister Patty Hajdu and Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett met virtually with about 400 people Friday, including Indigenous leaders and health-care professionals, to discuss experiences of racism and solutions. Miller said they will reconvene, with an action plan, in January. Rebecca Kudloo, the president of Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada, said the meeting was a good start. ``The barriers to good health care is a problem,'' Kudloo said in an interview. ``The lack of cultural training for health service providers is a problem. We're sometimes treated like we don't have feelings.'' Kudloo lives in Baker Lake, Nunavut, where there is only a health centre staffed with nurse practitioners most of the time. People in her com-

munity often need to travel to Winnipeg or Iqaluit to get medical services. ``A lot of times, diagnosis is delayed,'' she said. ``If you're pregnant, you go down usually a month before your due date, leaving your other family and your other kids behind.'' Kudloo said that the government is offering Indigenous people encouraging words but little concrete action. Bennett said the meeting should remind all institutions that transformative action is expected of them. She said that there is a need for better education, data, surveillance and accountability to stop bad attitudes in the health-care system. Hajdu said racism is not an accident. ``The system is not broken. It's created this way,'' she said. ``The systems and the people in them are incentivized to stay the same.'' She also suggested the federal government can use its financial leverage as positive reinforcement too. ``When we think about health transfers, often they're thought of in a punitive fashion, but I think we also have to have the promotion of systemic change as well as the punishment of bad behaviour,'' she told a news conference Friday. Echaquan's husband Carol Dube also spoke during the meeting. ``We heard the emotional testimony of a family still living through the shock,'' Miller said. ``We wanted to listen to these people.''

OPP called after nude person located in backyard





                            BRANT COUNTY - On Saturday, October 10, 2020, at approximately 6:59 p.m., the OPP investigated suspicious person complaint at a Queen Street North, County of Brant address. It was determined that

a resident looked out their window into the backyard of their residence when they noticed a naked individual wandering around the property. The homeowner immediately contacted police. Officers arrived on scene and located a completely nude individual. Officers were able to transport the person to a local area hospital in or-

der to be seen by attending physicians. "The OPP would like to take this opportunity to thank the Good Samaritan that contacted police to report this incident. As a direct result of their phone call, officers were able to get this person to a local area hospital,” said OPP Inspector Lisa Anderson.


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2020-10-20 3:59 PM




October 21st, 2020

know the score.

Hagersville Hawks finally hitting the ice in December NEIL BECKER

Blackhawks vow to not change name despite statue defacement NEIL BECKER





The excitement level couldn’t have been any higher as the Hagersville Hawks officially kicked off training camp. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Hagersville, who play out of the Provincial Junior C Hockey League, are scheduled, health permitting, to be kicking off their season in December. “I am very relieved to know that I can have my last year with the team I started with,” Hawks veteran forward Tycie Cowan said. Cowan, who is entering his seventh year with the Hawks, was full of excitement when he heard about the pending December starting date as he enthusiastically stated, “My reaction was just like others on Christmas. I can’t wait to step back on the ice.” Coming off a strong regular season which saw Hagersville finish second in the division with a 28-9-3-2 record, things didn’t go according to plan in post-season play. Following an impressive first round four game sweep against the Port Dover Sailors, the Hawks ended up getting swept themselves as they were eliminated in second round action against the Glanbrook Rangers.

This past summer, the Chicago Blackhawks stressed that they were not going to change their team’s identity. Back in early July, certain professional sports franchises such as the NFL’s Washington Redskins and CFL’s Edmonton Eskimos took action in changing their team name, while other professional sports clubs such as the NHL’s Blackhawks announced their intentions of leaving things status quo. “The Chicago Blackhawks’ name and logo symbolizes an important and historic person, Black Hawk of Ilinois’ Sac & Fox Nation, whose leadership and life has inspired generations of Native Americans, veterans and the public,” the team said in a statement. The Blackhawks did however make a change in banning fans from sporting a headdress to the games. During a time, which has seen racial tensions rising rapidly around the globe, another ugly incident occurred on Monday, October 12, Indigenous Peoples’ Day, when the iconic Chicago Blackhawks statue, which is situated on Madison Street just outside of the United Center was in the early morning, vandalized by a

Hagersville Hawks veteran Assistant Captain Tycie Cowan was excited when he first heard about the pending December start to the season. Cowan, who scored 17 goals and 29 points last season, had some high praise when talking about the talent level and closeness of last year’s squad. While the league is looking to start in December, nothing is one hundred percent definite. PHOTO BY


(We) “Got outplayed but not by much,” Cowan said about that second- round playoff exit. Reflecting on what he liked best about playing on the Hawks Cowan simply stated, “I enjoyed the brotherhood.” Approximately eight months after that elimination game, the Hawks once more took to the Hagersville Arena ice for an intense inaugural training camp session which was held on Tuesday, October 13 and lasted from 9:30 until 11 pm. “We have a great core of players coming back and the interest we are receiving from new prospects has made some excitement,” Hawks General Manager Todd DeMille said. Meanwhile Cowan, who is coming off a 17 goal, 29point season, wasn’t on the ice this past summer,

but is still confident heading into training camp. “Personally, I have not been skating but I’ve been keeping up with my physical activity,” Cowan said. “I feel like everyone’s behind as well but it won’t take long to snap back in action when the time comes. It’s a very eager squad and it will be for years.” Right now, prospects are just hoping to present DeMille and his staff with some tough decisions as they look to make an impression at training camp practices which go on Tuesday, October 20 and Tuesday, October 27, from 9:30-11 p.m. at Hagersville Arena. Provincial Junior ‘C’ hockey fans and teams alike are just keeping their fingers crossed that things go according to plan and that health permitting the season gets the final nod to begin in December.


mixture of bright orange paint, spray paint and graffiti. This eye- catching statue of the team’s proud Native American chief Black Hawk logo, also had various messages such as “Land back,” along with “Decolonize Zhigaagoong” spay-painted. Various pictures of the vandalized symbolic Black Hawk statute were circulated on twitter under the handle @zhigaagoong. “We recognize there is a fine line between respect and disrespect, and we commend other teams for their willingness to engage in that conversation,” The Blackhawks said in a prepared statement last July about not changing their team name. “Moving forward, we are committed to raising the bar even higher to expand awareness of Black Hawk and the important contribution of all Native American people.” According to the Chicago Police Department, detectives are investigating but no arrests at this time have been made. Meanwhile in a statement the Blackhawks organization said “Over the weekend, the sculpture on Madison Street outside the United Center was vandalized. It is currently under tarp for protection and will be sent off to be repaired in the near future.” Over the years, this NHL’s Original Six team has faced all sorts of criti-


An act of vandalism struck Chicago in the early morning of Indigenous Peoples’ Day when a special landmark in the Chicago Blackhawks statue, which has been situated for two decades outside of the United Center, was defaced by spray PHOTO paint and graffiti. OBTAINED BY TRT

cism and growing pressure to change the team’s logo. In fact, Chicago’s American Indian Center came out with a statement last year stating they are cutting “professional ties with the Blackhawks, or any other organization that perpetuates harmful stereotypes. We see this as necessary to sustain a safe, welcoming environment for members of our community as well as protecting our cultural identity and traditions.” The statute which has come to symbolize Chicago Black Hawks hockey, has been a landmark outside of United Center ever since the year 2000.

October 21st, 2020





October 21st, 2020

Former NHL player/coach Ted Nolan opens up about dealing with racism NEIL BECKER



After never saying a word, former NHL player and coach Ted Nolan has decided to speak up about his ugly experiences with racism. While most people know Nolan for his success behind the bench, this Sault St. Marie product was also a 1978 NHL fifth round draft choice by the Detroit Red Wings. However, this six -foot 185- pound left winger didn’t break into the NHL until the 1981-82 campaign when in 41 games, he produced 4 goals along with 17 points and 45 penalty minutes for the Wings. During his career Nolan found himself bouncing from the NHL to the American Hockey League as he spent the entire 1882-83 campaign with the Wings farm team, the Adirondack Red Wings. It wouldn’t be until the following season when Nolan dressed for 19 games where he chipped in with three points (1 goal, 2 assists) while racking up 26 penalty minutes. Once again Nolan found himself back in the American Hockey League and it wasn’t until a few years later in 1985-86 when this

Former NHL player/coach Ted Nolan talked last summer about racism that he experienced with most of it coming prior to making it to the NHL. After his playing career Nolan turned to coaching with his finest moment occurring in 1997 when he won the Jack Adam Trophy (coach of the year) after leading the Buffalo Sabres PHOTO OBTAINED BY TRT to a Northeast Division title.

time with the Pittsburgh Penguins he finished up his NHL career with a goal and two points while tallying 34 penalty minutes in 18 games played. Nolan followed up his playing days by getting into coaching with his finest moment coming in 1997 when he led the Buffalo Sabres to the Northeast Division title with a 40-30-12 record which earned him the Jack Adams Award for coach of the year. Prior to becoming an NHL coach, Nolan made his mark in the Ontario Hockey League beginning in 1988 when mid-season he took over behind the

bench for the Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds. Without question the biggest thrill for Nolan came on May 23, 1993 when he led the Greyhounds to a Memorial Cup clinching 4-2 win against the Peterborough Petes. Making that jump to the NHL, Nolan went from the Greyhounds to the Hartford Whalers where he spent the 1994-95 season as an assistant coach. A year later, he took on the challenge of becoming the head coach with the Sabres which ended in 1997 ironically after winning the Jack Adams Trophy. Following a long absence, Nolan found him-

self back behind an NHL bench when on June 8, 2006 he was hired as the New York Islanders coach where in that first year, he could do no wrong in guiding them to the postseason for the first time since 2003-04. He would remain the head coach until being let go on July 14, 2008. Other stops on Nolan’s coaching resume included the Latvia men’s national team, Sabres interim head coach from 2013 until 2015 and starting in 2017 until 2018 with Poland men’s National team. This past summer, Nolan became the latest former player/coach to talk about racism in the game. Last November, former Calgary Flames player Akim Aliu sent shockwaves across the league when he made public racial allegations involving then Flames coach Bill Peters. Aliu claimed that when he was playing from 20082010 for the Rockford IceHogs that Peters, who was coaching there at the time, never hesitated in using the ‘N’ word towards him around other players in the dressing room. When Aliu went public in 2019, the result was Peters stepping down as the Flames coach. Afterwards, other unfortunate past incidents

were brought up involving such names as former Toronto Maple Leafs coach Mike Babcock and current assistant Chicago Blackhawks coach Marc Crawford to name just a couple. Back in mid-June, Nolan opened up about racism in the game. “For every player like myself who managed to play through it, there’s thousands and thousands of kids that don’t because of racism. I heard stinking Indian and ‘prairie n-‘ so much of my life in hockey. Did I cry about it? I never told anybody. I’m telling you now. I’ve never told anybody about this before. But with what’s going on… I think we’re losing so many kids (from the game).” Looking back, Nolan didn’t pull any punches as he stated that coaches pressured him into fighting a lot, which was not what he wanted to do. “I went to Kenora and I thought I was going to be the next Bobby Orr,” Nolan said. “All of the sudden reality smashes you in the head. I was just crying and I was miserable. I went from loving the game at the point to just trying to survive in the game. I just tried to survive.” While the majority of racism Nolan endured didn’t occur in the NHL,

he did feel slighted when in 1997, after winning the Jack Adams Trophy, he was let go by the Sabres. “I won coach of the year in the National Hockey League and then I’m out for 10 years,” Nolan said. “I got sour at the game for a bit.” Showing a strong passion for up and coming aboriginal youth players, Nolan in 1989, began the Anishnawbe Hockey School. Nolan along with his two sons Brandon Nolan and Jordan Nolan, who are both former NHL players, have for years worked with passing on that passion and perfecting the skills of young up and coming aboriginal players. According to hockey data base, Nolan played 78 total NHL games where he totaled six goals along with 22 total points and 105 penalty minutes. Prior to cracking the NHL, Nolan played two years with the Ontario Hockey League’s Soo Greyhounds where in 126 total games, he scored 22 goals, 68 points while racking up 215 penalty minutes. In the American Hockey League, Nolan competed in 374 games where he tallied an impressive 116 goals and 280 points along with 626 penalty minutes.

Cree actor lands role in Disney's live action film First case of COVID-19 Cree First Nation, and her for Listuguj Nation reservation is Wabasca, STAFF REPORT



TORONTO — Alberta-raised Cree actor Alyssa Wapanatahk is set to play Indigenous princess Tiger Lily in Disney's upcoming live-action film ``Peter Pan and Wendy.'' Wapanatahk told The Canadian Press that she recently closed the deal with Disney to play the role, but her agent says she's not doing interviews at this time. Wapanatahk's website says she was born in Fort McMurray, Alta., and grew up there as well as in Conklin, Alta. The site says she is a member of the Bigstone

southwest of Fort McMurray in Treaty 8 territory. The 22-year-old has been acting since she was 16 and is a graduate of New Image College of performing arts. She recently wrote, produced and directed the short film ``Napes Kasekipatwat / The Boy And The Braid,'' about the adolescent struggles of an Indigenous teen. Tiger Lily is featured in Disney's 1953 animated ``Peter Pan'' film, which is an adaptation of the J.M. Barrie play and novel. A representative for Disney Canada said Tuesday they don't have any other info on the new film right now.




Alberta-raised Cree actor Alyssa Wapanatahk is set to play Indigenous princess Tiger Lily in Disney's upcoming live-action film PHOTO OBTAINED BY TRT "Peter Pan and Wendy."

POINTE-A-LA-CROIX — A First Nations community in Quebec just north of the New Brunswick border is reporting its first case of COVID-19. The Listuguj First Nation issued a statement saying it was shutting down its government operations, except for critical services. The Indigenous band says it received word from Quebec health officials late Thursday that a community member had tested positive for the virus and was placed in isolation.

The community is linked to Campbellton, N.B., by a bridge that spans the Restigouche River. Despite having a very low infection rate since the pandemic began, New Brunswick has experienced two recent outbreaks, including one in the Campbellton area, where five new cases were reported Friday. Health authorities say the Moncton and Campbellton health zones will remain in the orange alert level of the province's COVID-19 recovery plan, which bans most indoor and outdoor gatherings of more than 10 people.


October 21st, 2020


Trudeau condemns healthcare racism CANADIAN PRESS



OTTAWA — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau expressed confidence that provinces will join efforts to fight racism in the health-care system, adding he does not want to jump to any conclusions about how the federal government could make sure that happens. ``Right across country, all premiers have condemned racism,'' Trudeau said Friday at a news conference in Ottawa. ``There's still more work to do, obviously, but we are confident that we're going to be able to make significant improvements in the health care accessed by Indigenous Peoples,'' he said. The issue of anti-Indigenous racism in health care gained new attention from outrage over the treatment of Joyce Echaquan, who used her phone to livestream

hospital staff using racist slurs against her as she lay dying in a Joliette, Que., hospital last month. On Thursday, Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller said the federal government is ready to use its financial leverage over the health system to fight anti-Indigenous racism there. The provinces are seeking billions more dollars health transfers from Ottawa and Miller suggested adding more money to a health-care system grappling with systemic racism should not be the only solution. On Friday, Miller said provinces are eager to address systemic racism in the health-care system and ``it would be careless to suggest'' Ottawa would hold back federal health transfers from the provinces and territories during the COVID-19 pandemic. ``But what we need to do is ensure that when federal money is invested according to its constitutional power, it is done

in a fashion that reflects our values and our moral and legal duty to serve Indigenous Peoples and to ensure that they have first-class health care in the best country in the world.'' Miller, federal Health Minister Patty Hajdu and Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett met virtually with about 400 people Friday, including Indigenous leaders and health-care professionals, to discuss experiences of racism and solutions. Miller said they will reconvene, with an action plan, in January. Rebecca Kudloo, the president of Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada, said the meeting was a good start. ``The barriers to good health care is a problem,'' Kudloo said in an interview. ``The lack of cultural training for health service providers is a problem. We're sometimes treated like we don't have feelings.''



SIX NATIONS COUNCIL JOBS: The following positions are accepting applications for the following positions closing October 28th, 2020:

· · · · · · · · · ·

May 1st

Application Deadline for Summer semester Apply on-line! Fall Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Winter course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. Application Deadline for Fall or Fall/Winter semester(s) Apply on-line! Winter Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Summer course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

12:05 am May 2nd to 9 am July 1st – The On-Line Application on the GRPSEO Website is not available. Aug 1st

Oct. 1st

Official transcripts are due from students funded for any of the three previous application periods (Summer/Fall/Winter). Community Service Activity forms are due from first-time funded students (funded for any of the three previous application periods -Summer/Fall/Winter). Due to COVID – 19 THE DEADLINE FOR completed community service activity forms are NOW due August 1st, 2021 from 1st time funded students. Please contact your Funding Advisor for more information. For all APPROVED FALL applications - Any documentation that was requested by the Funding Advisor to be submitted to GRPSEO by August 1, (as outlined in the “Check List of Required Documentation” form provided to the applicant), and not received by this deadline date will result in CANCELLATION of the approved application and loss of funding. Application Deadline for Winter semester – Apply on-line! Summer Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Fall course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. STUDENTS MUST APPLY ON- LINE BY SPECIFIED DEADLINE LATE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED Please, check the local newspapers, our website at www.grpseo.org FaceBook or give us a call at (519) 445-2219 for more information.


Executive Assistant – Ogwadeni:deo Social Services (contract) Adult Intensive Mental Health Nurse Case Manager – Health Services (full-time) Supportive Housing Case Manager – Health Services (full-time) Anti-Bullying Task Force Lead – Child and Youth, Health Services (contract) Jordan’s Principle Navigator – Child and Youth Health Services (contract) Case Manager – Child and Youth Health Services (full-time) Kitchen Helper – Bicentennial, Social Services (full-time) Executive Assistant to the SAO – Central Administration (contract) Food Service Worker – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (full-time) Community Support Worker – Community Support Services, Health Services (part-time)

The following positions are accepting applications until November 4th, 2020:

· · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

Adult Intensive Mental Health Care Nurse – Mental Health, Health Services (full-time) Administrator – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (full-time) Registered Nurse – Diabetes Education Program, Health Services (contract) Cook – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (contract) Maintenance Worker – Ogwadeni:deo, Social Services (part-time) Housekeeper – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (part-time) Screener – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (full-time, contract) Screener – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (variable hours) Registered Nurse – Charge Nurse – Iroquois Lodge, Health Services (part-time) Health Transformation Research Lead – Administration, Health Services (contract) Clinic Nurse – Administration, Health Services (contract) Health Transformation Community Engagement Coordinator – Administration, Health Services (contract) Health Transformation Policy Analyst – Administration, Health Services (contract) Health Transformation Project Assistant – Administration, Health Services (contract) COVID Response Nurse (10 positions) – School Nurse, Health Services (contract)

SIX NATIONS/ NEW CREDIT & SURROUNDING AREA GRETI/ OSTTC – have a Part -Time Job Opportunity available for


Casual Bus Driver’s – Ongoing Recruitment



Administrative Assistant – Closing date October 25th, 2020 (full-time)

Niagara Peninsula Aboriginal Area Management Board (NPAAMB):

· ·

Client Driver’s – Closing date October 30th, 2020 (part-time) Job Developer – SPF Program – Closing date October 27th, 2020 (full-time)

Grand River Medical Supplies & Equipment is accepting applications for the following position:


Customer Support Specialist – Closing date October 30th, 2020 (full-time)

BRANTFORD, KITCHENER, LONDON AREA Grand Erie District School Board:

· · ·

Feb. 1st


Health and Safety Officer – Closing October 27th, 2020 HVAC Technician – Closing October 30th, 2020 (full-time) Carpenter / Facility Maintenance Mechanic (FMM) – Closing October 30th, 2020 (full-time)

Woodland Cultural Centre:

· ·

Education Coordinator – Open until filled (full-time) Fundraising Assistant – (part-time, contract) virtual and in-person

Oneida Nation of the Thames:


Office Manager – Closing October 27th, 2020 (full-time)

Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation:

· ·

Asset Management Adviser – Open until filled (full-time) Community Outreach Coordinator – Closing October 30th, 2020 (full-time)

HAMILTON AND SURROUNDING AREA: Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board: Closing October 23, 2020

· ·

Casual Assistant Caretaker Casual Early Childhood Educator



Housing Manager – Open until filled (full-time)

M’Wikwedong Indigenous Friendship Centre:


Program Manager – Wiisinadaa Let’s Eat! Program – Closing date October 30th, 2020 (full-time)

Native Men’s Residence


Client Care Worker (x2) – Closing date October 27th, 2020 (part-time, permanent)

Teach for Canada:


Director of Communications – Closing date October 30th, 2020 (full-time, remote)

The Bucket Shop Inc.


Production Welder – Closing date October 30th, 2020 (full-time)

OSTTC PROGRAM CALENDAR For an up to date program calendar visit the OSTTC website .For more information – Call OSTTC @ 519 445-1515 or follow OSTTC on Facebook and Twitter. UPCOMING EVENTS: The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. For more information, to apply for funding, or to view job descriptions visit GREAT’s website @ greatsn.com, call 519445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1 888 218-8230) or email us at info@greatsn.com.

Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays... Monday through Friday from 8:30 - 4:30 pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken

Phone: 519.445.2222 • Fax: 519-445-4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230 www.greatsn.com

18 37


October28TH, 21st, 2020 NOVEMBER 2018


send notices to ads@tworowtimes.com Obituaries


KING: Maxwell Karl

HENHAWK: Vernon Blaine “Vern Dog”

Maxwell Karl King, age 51, passed away peacefully at home surrounded by his family on October 13, 2020. Karl was the beloved husband of Savinna Isram, cherished Father of Falcon and Step-father of Maia and Anisa Frederiksen. Karl is pre-deceased by his Grandparents Lloyd and Margaret King of Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation and his father Maxwell King. Left to remember Karl are his mother Karen and siblings Andrea, Katharine and Andrew, and Matt and Stephanie. Son-in-law of Sewram and IndiraDevi Isram. Brother-in-law of Nevin and Erin, Previne and Rebecca. Dearly loved Uncle to Kaytee, Alex, Jake, Myles, Sylas, Julius, Alyssa, Thyssen, Ethan, Keira, Tristan, Isabelle, and Emily. Uncles and Aunts as well as cousins on both the extended King and deSoto families mourn the great loss of Karl. The staff of Lloyd S. King Elementary School and the community of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation where Karl left a legacy of dedication, service and respect for culture will remember him as they do his Dad Max ‘Mr. King’ dedicated his career to supporting students, sharing his love of nature and environment with them and tirelessly working to ensure the students had opportunities to participate in the Aaniishnaabe culture. He is a cherished member of the Baha’i Faith Community.

Suddenly as the result of an automobile accident on T h u r s d a y, October 15, 2020 at the age of 15 years. Beloved son of Vernon & Rachel Henhawk. Best friend and loving brother of Frank & Kelsey, Brent (Ashten) and Marc. Greatest uncle ever to Quinley (Chubbs) & Taylene, Melina and Noah. Grandson of Andrea Hill and the late Dan (Duke) Powless, the late Vernon (Ozzie) & Dorothy Henhawk. Special nephew of Matt (Lacey), Josh and Mark (Chelsey). Best cousin/ friend of Matthew, Joshua & Tamyka. Best friend of Keaton (Skeat) Hill and the late Kamren (Roons) Powless. Will be greatly missed by many aunts, uncles and cousins. Vernon’s passion was lacrosse and he was a dedicated Warrior for Six Nations Minor Lacrosse. Vernon will be resting at his home 1428 First Line, Six Nations. Visitation will be on Thursday, October 22 any time after 2:00 p.m. Funeral Service will be held on Friday, October 23, 2020 at 11:00 a.m. www.rhbanderson.com

A graveside service with interment has taken place at New Credit Cemetery on Wednesday, October 14th at 2:00pm. Donations can be made to the Six Nations Miles to Go Cancer Support Group or West Haldimand General Hospital. Arrangements by Hyde & Mott Chapel, Hagersville. www.rhbanderson.com

When you’re in the Village, we have you covered

In Memoriam

GARAGE SALE Thursday thru Saturday 10-3 pm Daily 2514 2nd Line MCFN Rain Or Shine. NO EARLY SALES NEW ITEMS DAILY Christmas Items/Jewelry/ Masks Glass & Bakeware/Adult & Children’s Clothing CANCELLED DUE TO COVID Six Nation Arts & Crafts Show J. C. Hill School, Ohsweken ON *Nov 7, 2020 Inquiries: traditionalways100 @gmail.com

Mon - Wed:11:00 AM - 9:00 PMThu - Sun:11:00 AM - 10:00 PM

“Dear Daddy, I love you, I wish you didn’t get sick so you could still live with us” Your Azure Baby, Baby Halen, and Baby Hendrick.


Garage Sale


Dine in, Takeout & Delivery Available • 1766 Fourth Line, Ohsweken, ON • 519-445-0396

Brandon Jacob King August 7, 1978-October 23, 2016

Place your classified ads at

Two Row Times

Oneida Business Park, Suite 124, 50 Generations Drive (at the back of the building)

(519) 900 5535

Register Now for Michelle Farmer’s Studio of Dance & Modelling 46th Season

Call or email to register michellefarmerfuller@gmail.com 519-717-9099 Tap, Jazz, Ballet, Hiphop, Lyrical, Modelling, Acting 1824 4th Line Ohsweken

Roofing Services

Fjord Metal Roofing

Free Estimate s Six Nations' metal roofing specialist call or text 905-330-412x3 or 519-774-9633


October 21st, 2020 DECEMBER 19TH, 2018

CLUES ACROSS 1. Battered corners: dog-__ 6. __ Mater: one’s school 10. National capital 14. Frogs and toads order 15. Bathrooms (French) 17. Praise 19. Witch 20. Consume 21. Pork and lamb are two types 22. Rocky peak 23. Women’s undergarments 24. From end to end 26. Bed sheets 29. South Sudanese king 31. Dislike immensely 32. Diving seabird 34. Breathe noisily 35. Full of roots 37. Inside 38. Small island in a river 39. Tear into pieces 40. “CSI” actor George 41. Make less dense 43. Derogatory term for a country native 45. Pike and pickerel genus 46. Important in respiration and other biochemical reactions (abbr.) 47. Belgian city 49. “The Joy Luck Club” author 50. Essence of “Aloha” 53. Suggestions 57. One who overindulges 58. Expression 59. Maize dough 60. Make into leather 61. British noblemen

CLUES DOWN 1. One of two or more people or things 2. Small, deerlike water buffalo 3. Part of a ladder 4. Unit of work 5. Patriotic women 6. Fragrant essential oil 7. Aggressive, uncouth man 8. One thousandth of an inch

19 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Carve out some time to tune into your inner muse, Aries. It’s time to have a little fun and put work and household responsibilities to the side. TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 Taurus, don’t blow off your obligations, but find a way to make work more fun. That may happen by teaming up with a coworker who shares your perspective.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 Gemini, if things get a little confusing over the next couple of days, don’t feel the need to try to figure everything out. Take the time you need to complete the tasks at hand. CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, while you may not be able to engage in all of your wildest dreams this week, you can give yourself permission to take a day off and get started.

9. Brisk and cheerful readiness 10. Serving no practical purpose 11. Prevent from going forward 12. Camera part 13. Former CIA 16. Colorless, odorless gas 18. Long division of time 22. Atomic #73 23. Make a bleating sound 24. The kids love him 25. Female condition prior to menstrual period 27. Founder of Sikhism 28. Sudanese swamp 29. He/she can help with your finances 30. Part of the human body 31. Mortar trough 33. Greek island 35. Change pagination

Answers for October 21st, 2020 Crossword Puzzle

36. Queens hip hop group 37. Precursor to the EU 39. A way to go on 42. Slender marine fish 43. Georgetown’s mascot 44. Farm state 46. Military leader (abbr.) 47. Russian river 48. Teams’ best pitchers 49. In a more positive way 50. Long French river 51. Reactive structures in organic chemistry 52. Distinctive practices 53. Male gypsy 54. When you hope to get there 55. Men’s fashion accessory 56. Journalist Tarbell


LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Are your intuitive senses ringing off the hook, Leo? Trust your gut when someone asks you to help them with a situation. It may not be all that it seems right now. VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Give your analytical brain a rest for the time being, Virgo. Lead with feelings and intuition instead. It may not feel comfortable just yet, but a new perspective may help.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, if you have been trying to be more healthy or get in shape, focus on what you’re gaining rather than giving up. This can make you more successful in your endeavors.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Romantic vibes are very strong in your life right now, Scorpio. This is great if you’re connected or seeking a relationship. But resist if you’re currently unavailable. SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 Sagittarius, your domestic life may start to tug at your heartstrings. If you’re balancing work and family, you may regret not spending more time with the kids.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Capricorn, if you have been quiet in regard to a relationship with someone, it’s time to let your true feelings be heard. It may be uncomfortable for a bit, but it’s necessary. AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 Aquarius, money may is a hot topic in your house lately, particularly how more is going out than coming in. Corral your spending for awhile as you get things under control. PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Pisces, you’re never one for following the pack, so don’t start now. Embrace your unique sense of self and continue to march to your own beat.

PLACE YOUR CLASSIFIED ADS 3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES


by emailing us at info@tworowtimes.com You can pay by EFT or credit card

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 construction@sitnbull.ca



October 21st, 2020

Dangers of Social Gatherings during COVID-19 It is important to stay home and avoid social gatherings to stop the spread of COVID-19. It only takes one infected person to rapidly spread COVID-19 into our community

One infected person in a social gathering

In 5 DAYS Infects

2.5 people

In 30 DAYS Infects

406 people

We all have a part to play to stop the spread. Avoid gatherings of any sort outside the home, practice social distancing and stay home.

How to look after yourself if you are sick at home with COVID-19

Oct 14, 2020

COVID-19 Case Definitions

If you are sick with COVID-19 or think you might have COVID-19, follow the steps below to care for yourself and to help protect other people in your home and community.


Stay home Most people with COVID-19 have mild illness and are able to recover at home without medical care. Do not leave your home, except to get medical care. Do not visit public areas. Avoid using ride-sharing, taxis or public transportation.

02 03

risk exposure (e.g. prolonged, close contact with a positive case) but doesn't have a positive lab result to confirm. However, they are treated as positive cases by Ohsweken Public Health. This means they are still subject to self-isolation and contact tracing.

Call public health Call Ohsweken Public Health at 519-445-2672, or call Six Nations COVID-19 Hotline at 1-855-977-7737 or 226-4469909. Call ahead before you get medical care and tell them you have or may have COVID-19 and they will help you.

Confirmed Case

A person with a laboratory confirmed result for SARS-COV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19).

A case that is currently infected with the virus. They may or may

Stay away from others

Active Case

As much as possible, stay away from others. You should stay in a specific “sick room” or “sick area” if possible, and away from other people and pets in your home. Use a separate bathroom, if available. Separate yourself from other people and pets in your home, also known as home isolation.



When a person has been identified as symptomatic and had a high-

Probable Case

not have symptoms but are considered to be infectious and could transmit the virus. This would include people who are either “ p r o b a b l e ” o r “ c o n f i r m e d ” c a s e s . " To t a l A c t i v e C a s e s " i s t h e number of people who are currently infected.

S o m e o n e w h o h a d t h e v i r u s b u t h a s s i n c e r e c ov e r e d a n d i s n o

Resolved Case

Wear a mask around others If you are sick wear a cloth covering over your nose and mouth if you must be around other people even at home. You may need to improvise a cloth face covering using a scarf or bandana. Avoid touching your face or re-adjusting your mask unless you can immediately disinfect your hands.

Total Cases

Know when to get medical help

longer considered “active". They are not currently infected are no l o n g e r c o n s i d e r e d c o n t a g i o u s . " To t a l R e s o l v e d C a s e s " r e f e r s t o the total number of people who have recovered.

The total number of cases to date (confirmed and probable). Includes ALL cases past and present (deaths, resolved and active).

New Daily T h e Cases

Be sure to get medical attention or call 911 immediately if you have trouble breathing, or if you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 because it can be fatal. Emergency warning signs include: trouble breathing, persistent pain or pressure in the chest, new confusion or difficulty waking up, bluish lips or face. This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.

number of NEW cases that are confirmed in one day.

Six Nations COVID-19 Information & Assessment Centre (Toll free) 1-855-977-7737 (Local) 226-446-9909 www.sixnationscovid19.ca

Self -Isolation: Why is it Important? Self-isolation is when you have been told by Ohsweken Public Health to separate yourself from others, including from the people you live with, to the greatest extent possible. Going into self-isolation is not meant to be a punishment, rather its a precaution as COVID-19 spreads easily from person to person.

Why is it important?

Self-isolation is important for many reasons. The most important being that you could have the virus without displaying any symptoms and infect others without knowing.

Why else? Since there is not yet a cure for COVID-19, preventing it from coming into the community by self-isolating is one of the most effective ways to protect yourself and your community. 

When do we go into self-isolation? When you return from travel outside Canada. If you have come into close contact of someone who traveled outside Canada. If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19. If you have been in contact with a probable or confirmed case of COVID-19 and you are waiting for  the results of a COVID-19 test.

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