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Even though he lived half a world away, Nelson Mandela’s life journey resonates with Indigenous people around the world. Mandela died this week at age 95. After 27 years in prison, and under extreme pressure from grassroots movements across the world, Mandela was finally released and become president of a new South Africa. Mandela was a true warrior in every sense of the word and will be sadly missed by all who value racial equality and human rights everywhere. (Photo by Eli Weinberg taken in 1961). PM42686517



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Health Foundation receives $3,300 cheque donation By Jim Windle

OHSWEKEN – The Six Nations Health Foundation was blessed with a $3,300 donation as part of a gala and talent show at the Six Nations Community Hall Sunday afternoon. The cheque represented donations collected by the Styres Family and the Ohsweken Speedway staff and drivers at the speedway’s year-end awards banquet held earlier this year. Vera Styres presented the big cheque to Ruby Jacobs, who thankfully accepted it on behalf of the Foundation and announced that these funds will be used to help meet

the financial requirements for the Dialysis Unit that we are working hard to pay off. “We are so appreciative to receive this donation to pass on to help these people that are unfortunate enough to have a need for dialysis,” said Jacobs. “It is helping a lot of families here at Six Nations that are affected by diabetes.” The afternoon was MC’ed by popular New Credit entertainer Cecil Sault. The fundraising is a year-round job and this year, the Foundation has unveiled a new 2014 calendar, which is being sold around the community

for $20 as a fundraiser. The calendar features local area landmarks. The youth talent showcase was very entertaining as well with the The Dwae Na Ga Das First Nations Youth Choir, under the direction of Robyn Maracle and others who were competing for prize money. “It’s just a fun afternoon,” said Jacobs. “It’s about health awareness. I think there is so much tragedy within the community, so it’s nice just to do something that is fun and bring wellness by singing. It’s to encourage the young people to do more as well to demonstrate their skills.”

On behalf of the Styres family, Vera Styres presents the board of the Six Nations Health Foundation with a cheque for $3,300 collected at the Ohsweken Speedway’s annual year— end awards banquet. The money was donated by speedway staff and drivers as well as the Styres family and fundraiser, Bill Gregory. (Photo by Jim Windle)

Having a GREAT time at the GRE Christmas Party

A 40-foot alligator was spotted at the ILA Saturday during Grand River Enterprises annual Christmas Party held at the ILA Saturday. GRE supports several hundred Six Nations families through its manufacturing centre at Six Nations and its distribution networks as well as subsidiary companies and job opportunities. (Photo by Jim Windle)

Six Nations artist Arnold Jacobs was commissioned to put a paint job on Gerald “Johnny Cash” Johnson’s six-foot tall bald eagle sculpture which he bought from a Tillsonburg area tobacco farmer. The wood sculpture is beautifully carved by an unknown artist, but was never painted or stained. Johnson brought it to Jacobs to do the job. “I knew Arnold was the best so I brought it to him,” says Johnson. The finished eagle is now on display at Two Turtles Art Studio at the Middleport plaza. (Photo by Jim Windle) CLARIFICATION: In last week’s edition in the story “Conditional Agreement allows construction on Erie Ave, which appeared on page 3, there was quote attributed to Bill Monture stating “And the first thing they bring out is the injunction, something they said they’d never do.” This may have been misinterpreted by some readers that it was the Mohawk Nation / Mohawk Workers who brought out the injunction. It was in fact the Brantford Police who did so.

Natasha Anderson helps youngsters enter one of the many activity stations at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena on Saturday. It was Grand River Enterprises annual Christmas Party for their employees and their families. Exciting and colourful new blowup rides and activity stops were lined up with kids most of the day at the ILA. Even Santa made an appearance with gifts for the kids. (Photo by Jim Windle)

December 11th, 2013






Six Nations rallies against FNEA in Brantford By Jim Windle

BRANTFORD – Chief Bryan LaForme of the Mississaugas of the New Credit, and newly sworn in Chief of the Six Nation of the Grant River Territory, Ava Hill joined about 50 members of both communities in front of the Federal Building in downtown Brantford last Wednesday morning, to show their displeasure with the Harper Conservatives to, what protesters say, is the latest attack on Onkwehon:we rights. But this time it is directed towards schoolaged Native children. The bill, referred to as the First Nations Education Act, would see the federal government shirk its fiduciary responsibility to ensure properly funded education to First Nations children living on reserve. Superficially, it would appear that, by

Thursday evening, the matter of the First Nations Education Act was the topic of discussion at Six Nations Polytechnic. The previous day, Six Nations newly Elected Chief Ava Hill and Mississaugas of the New Credit Chief led a protect rally in front of the Federal Building in Brantford as part of a province-wide day of protest against the legislation. Chief Hill walked through a power-point presentation explaining to around 70 people in attendance why this Act needs to be stopped in it’s tracks. (Photo by Jim Windle) handing the responsibility to instruct children over to the community, the federal government would satisfy a longstanding concern about a euro-centric curriculum. Native communi-

Mississaugas of the New Credit Chief Bryan LaForme and newly elected Six Nations Elected Chief Ava Hill led a one hour demonstration in front of the Federal Building in Brantford rejecting the federal government’s latest legislation which they believe would drastically impact First Nations school age children. People are being asked to educate themselves about the pending bill and send letters to MP’s and MPP’s calling for more consultation before passage of the bill. (Photo by Jim Windle)

ties have demanded for years that their children be taught their own language, their own culture and their own history. But the devil is in the details. Who is going to be funding these educational reforms Harper is legislating? Not Ottawa, and that is clear. The government is only going to allow this culturally relevant change to reserve schools if the First Nations communities fund it themselves, and release the feds from their responsibility to educate Natives. “There is nothing in there about culture, language or our traditions,” said LaForme. “There is no dollar figure attached to this legislation. Normally, if you’re trying to institute a program for the betterment of people, you need to know the cost and in this case, how much it is going to cost us as leaders of our communities.”


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The wording of the bill indicates that the cost factor will be addressed only after the bill has passed. “When you build a house, you have to know what the cost is going to be” LaForme says. “So it’s really difficult for us to be able to accept a piece of legislation that doesn’t allow us to practice our culture, our language, and our traditions. It’s just going back to the old residential school era and it’s hard to accept that that kind of attitude still exists within the federal government. That’s why I am here today to say this is not acceptable to us.” As has been the case with other Harper driven legislations, proper consultation with First Nations has not carried out to the satisfaction of those involved. “Only one community in Ontario was consulted about this and that was Thunder Bay,” said

Chief Hill over a megaphone. “We are the largest reserve by population in Ontario and nobody talked with us,” she said. Even in Thunder Bay, there have been protests against the proposed Act. Hill points out that the Chiefs of Ontario and the AFN have both formally rejected this legislation as far back as October of 2012, before it was even formally introduced. But Indian Affairs went ahead anyhow to do their own consultation process, with those who they believe are already in their camp. “This is just the beginning of our fight against Harper and this legislation,” Chief Hill says. “He has gone ahead without our pre, prior

and informed consent, as the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous People stipulates. We can’t let them get away with it with this legislation, because if we do, they’re going to bring more legislation that is going to effect our people.” Hill does not rule out the possibility of further organized direct action, if necessary. “Maybe there are a few communities in favour of this, I don’t know,” said Six Nations District Councillor Carl Hill. “I just know that we’re not. They (the government) are not listening, so the only alternative we have is to take it to the street and that’s why we are here today.”




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‘Teach for Canada’ won’t save First Nations Schools By Rob Green MONTREAL - Last month the Globe and Mail reported the launch of an organization called ‘Teach for Canada’ whose aim was to recruit new university grads to “fix Canada’s education gaps”. They intend to begin this mission by focusing on First Nations schools. To understand what the arrival of Teach for Canada (TFC) could potentially mean for First Nations schools and for their provincial counterparts, it is essential to look at Teach for America (TFA) the organization TFC is modelled after. Naomi Klein’s book The Shock Doctrine provides a useful framework to understand what TFA has meant for the US education system. The book observes the tendency of corporate interests to exploit moments of popular crisis in order to advance various anti-social prof profit-driven reforms. In this case the cri-

sis is the chronically poor state of America’s under-funded inner city schools. The solution proposed by TFA, a non-profit supported by the likes of the Walton family (owners of WalMart) is to recruit recent graduates from bachelors programs not related to teaching, give them five weeks of intense training and then send them into America’s ‘failing’ inner city schools in order to help ‘close the achievement gaps’ related to race and class. TFA presents itself as a kind of Peace Corps experience to help fix America’s troubled schools. However, a growing number of critics including many Teach for America alumni have been speaking out about the fallacy of the organization’s claims. To begin with a growing body of research is confirming the somewhat predictable outcome of sending under-qualified teachers into America’s most

needy schools: achievement gaps widening not getting smaller. TFA is also increasingly being accused of being an agent of privatization of the US education system, working to undermine teachers unions in the public system and providing a reserve army of staff for the rapidly growing number of semi-private charter schools. Just as colonial ventures of the past were justified with the ostensibly humanistic goal “to serve your captives’ need”, Teach for Canada (TFC) has found its own “sullen people” to save. After citing a series of alarming statistics on the low graduation rates in First Nations communities, TFC’s website presents the project as a solution to apparent teacher shortages in rural, remote and Aboriginal communities. More than that, it states that its goal is to “start and sustain a conversation about the challenge of education inequality in

Canada”. So while frequent mention is made of gaps in achievement in First Nations schools, no mention whatsoever is made of the gaps in funding that have produced these gaps in achievement. One recent study comparing the funding for First Nations schools with that received by public schools in the province of Saskatchewan found that First Nations schools received 40 to 50 percent less funding. Although federally funded First Nations schools may be TFC’s first target, they are also planning to make their way into the schools of several provinces. An application submitted by TFC to the student-run consulting service Public Good Initiative outlines the organizations plans to lobby provincial governments to gain access to their schools. Should there be any doubt that TFC like its American counterpart

plans to offer itself to provincial governments as a tool to undermine teachers unions and to staff the growing number of semi-private schools in Canada, one need only look to the resume of one of its two founders Kyle Hill. Kyle Hill is a strategy consultant at The Boston Consulting Group, an organization with a clear agenda linked to corporate education reform. In several US states BCG has been behind efforts to: close public schools and open semi-private charters; eliminate collective bargaining rights; introduce merit-pay schemes; heavily promote online learning. Kyle Hill appears to be BCG’s man to open up the Canadian education ‘market’. The fact that TFC has arrived just as Harper has tabled his First Nations Education Act is worrisome to say the least. Tellingly this legislation has been buried in the Conservative government’s Economic

Action Plan. It has already sparked protest, with some Ontario chiefs referring to the legislation as “colonial”. The act seems to entrench in law the principles of the Harper government’s First Nations Student Success Program which has been criticized as a carbon copy of George Bush’s ‘No Child Left Behind’ reform making school funding contingent on success rates as measured by standardized tests. By tying school funding to success rates in First Nations schools the Harper government has created the perfect conditions for TFC, with its rhetoric about closing the achievement gaps of struggling schools. While this may help TFC to get its foot in the door of Canada’s education system, it will certainly not help First Nations schools to be ‘saved’ by a bunch under-qualified university grads calling themselves teachers.


Toad found guilty by Cayuga court By Sara Howdle

CAYUGA - With a Two Row Wampum flag wrapped around her, Theresa “Toad” Jamieson, waited to be called into the Cayuga courtroom. Surrounded by supporters, Toad reminisced on her experiences as a land defender and representing herself in the Canadian court system. Toad’s presence at the courthouse was the result of a long-standing charge from winter of last year. On February 18, 2012, Ontario Provincial Police charged Toad with assault when Gary McHale trespassed at Kanonhstaton, or “the protected place.”

Consistent with past legal defenses, Toad challenged the court to recognize the illegality of the trial in the spirit of the Two Row Wampum agreement, which espouses relationships between Onhkwenhonh:we and non-Onhkwenhonh:we peoples be based on the principles of peace, respect, and friendship. The judge found Toad guilty and sentenced her to one-year probation and issued a restraining order against Toad to keep away from McHale. Toad reminded the judge that this charge came about because McHale physically approached the land defenders and that the restrain-

ing order should logically be against McHale. Supporters in attendance included members of CUPE 3903’s First Nations Solidarity Working Group (FNSWG), who formed in 2006 after the April 20th OPP raid at Kanonhstaton. FNSWG members realize the importance of packing the courts with supporters for land defenders. Their presence speaks to the judges, lawyers, and other representatives of the Canadian legal system. The message is that land defenders are being wrongly criminalized for their defense of Haudenosaunee territory.

Season’ s Greetings ❖

Holiday Messages from Your Neighbors December 2013

We will be publishing Christmas Greetings on December 18. Announce your holiday hours and say happy holidays to all your customers, neighbours and friends.

519-900-5535 Deadline to submit your Christmas Greeting is Monday December 16 at 4:00 pm




EDITORIAL: In praise of a “terrorist” Nelson Mandela was a man closely connected with his tribal roots and the concerns of indigenous people around the world. His death last week and the many accolades for his fight for racial equality and Indigenous rights struck an awkward chord in Ottawa. In his politically expedient statement on the life of Mandela, Harper called Mandela the “most powerful symbol in the world for the struggle and success against racial discrimination.” How ironic is that? Like most Canadians, Prime Minister Stephen Harper probably doesn’t know himself the role Canada played in the establishment of the apartheid regime in South Africa that Mandela’s outstanding life was set against. “He demonstrated that the only path forward for the nation was to reject the appeal of bitterness,” Harper continued in his official statement. “His forbearance was legendary: his magnanimity spared all South Africans incalculable suf suffering.” But if Mandela happened to be of Onhkwehonh:we descent and was not a half a world away, this same man would have landed in jail here and labelled a terrorist. AFN Grand Chief Shawn Atleo also published words of accolade for Mandela, but with a decidedly different tone, calling him “a crusader for Indigenous Rights and Human Rights who believed in reconciliation and the basic dignity and value of every human life.” Atleo points out that Mandela was part of the family of hereditary chiefs and was known as Maida by the Thembu people in honour of an 18th-century chief and a

clear recognition of the connection among all Indigenous peoples and the tremendous leadership they have brought to the world. The Apartheid movement which the world learned to despise through the selfless life of Nelson Mandela and others of his ilk, was patterned after Canada’s treatment of Onhkwehonh:we people, through the Indian Act, which was designed to eradicate the original peoples language, culture, land and mineral rights — and in many cases, their lives. By 1948, Canada had that system of “manifest destiny” honed down to a fine art. Shortly after the Second World War, when the world’s attention was focused on healing the wounds left by WWII, the British and right wing Dutch aristocrats joined together to form the African National Party. Soon, they used their usurped authority to strip the black South African majority of their land and their mineral rights when diamonds were discovered in great abundance. Harper’s single-minded determination to open the oil sands bears a striking resemblance. The white-African version of the Indian Act protecting their power with hard unilateral legislations, including the implementation of internment camps could be easily mistaken for Indian reserves in Canada. For Harper to offer his praise to a man that would have been arrested along with the people of Elsipogtog, Attawapiskat, Oka, Gustafson Lake, Ipperwash, or even Caledonia, is enough to turn one’s stomach. Only a person blinded by the shine of money and power would not see the irony.


Letter to the Editors:

Our children and CAS By Jaqueline House One of the most controversial topics on Six Nations is our children. When we talk about mat matters pertaining to their future, things become complicated and polit political. Why is that? With respect to the Six Nations Confederacy’s decision to ban Brant Children’s Aid Society from our territory, my heart is heavy; to write about something so important as our children. Many years ago, First Nations children were targeted. Through lies, deception, and manipulation, our people were told that the best interest of the children would be for them to attend boarding schools, to become educated. The parents had no say in whether or not they wanted their young ones to go. These schools were not designed for the well-being of the children and they suffered

Volume 1, Issue 18 657 Mohawk Road Six Nations of the Grand River Territory, Ontario, N0A 1H0 Make all cheques payable to: Garlow Media Printed at Ricter Web, Brantford ON

emotionally, mentally, physically and spiritually. We, as a people, lost a great deal of self-worth; we continue to suffer. My opinion may not matter to some or even most, but it does matter to my children, grandchildren and to the children I am looking after. When it comes to dealing directly or indirectly with the Children’s Aid Society, the stories from the residential boarding schools come back to haunt me. I realize nothing has changed. Our ancestors encouraged us to continue with education so we can help our people come out of oppression. Having said that, I am saddened knowing that some of our own people have become the oppressors. What possibly began as an intention of wanting to help turned into a profit sharing strategy to see who gains the most power. At one time, we could see and

hear the happiness of the children as they played in the yard. You could hear their laughter from a distance and at night, when they were all tucked in bed, you knew they were safe and sound. Our values and beliefs have been replaced with policy and procedures, guidelines and dictatorship which have damaged our outlook on life. Whether in traditional ways or according to man’s laws, a child’s needs must come first the child’s right to love. I was worried about what would happen if Children’s Aid was asked to leave. After giving this a lot of thought, I too believe it’s time for us to create a better system that suits our children’s needs. No-one better knows those needs then us. On a more personal note; as far as social services taking over, that’s just it - taking over, right where Brant CAS has left off.

I have learned that the Child and Family Services Act recognizes the Onhkwenhonh:we are entitled to provide their own child services recognizing our culture, heritage and traditions. That says a lot for the clan mothers. Today, we as a community have a choice whether or not our children stay or go. What does the new year hold for our children? For our families? In the new year we are starting a women’s wellness group to work towards healing our families and to kick start our journey. With the help of former elected chief Bill Montour and his wife, we will be putting together a Christmas dinner at the old council house December 25th at noon. We are asking for monetary and cooked food donations and volunteers to help serve. Let’s start working towards putting this community back together. Nya weh.

Publisher: Garlow Media Founder: Jonathan Garlow General Manager: Tom Keefer Senior Writer: Jim Windle Production: Dave LaForce Business Manager: Kelly MacNaughton Office Manager: Rhonda Maracle Web Manager: Benjamin Doolittle Circulation Director: Lucho Granados Ceja Arts & Culture: Nahnda Garlow Editorial Team: Jonathan Garlow & Tom Keefer Advertising Sterling Stead and Jeff Ross Main office: (519) 900-5535 Editorial: (519) 900-6241 Advertising: (519) 900-6373 For advertising information: General inquiries: Website:




OP-ED: On the Passing of Nelson Mandela Greetings my relatives, friends, and supporters. It saddens me to hear that a great man like Nelson Mandela has depart departed from this lifetime. He was a man who was truly inspirational and showed us the possibilities of how a continued struggle by indigenous people could manifest itself in levels of freedom that have been marred by centuries of oppression. Our Native people suffered the same types of oppression many times. It is not as overt and as easily distinguished as in some places; however, if you are dead because a policeman shot you, or dead because you could not stand the racial and cultural genocide, so you committed suicide – you are just as dead either away. Nelson Mandela is known for leading the struggle against apart apartheid in South Africa. America talked about ending apartheid and put sanctions on South Africa.

Not being all that adept at the English language, it is my understanding that (apartheid) means to keep someone apart from something; my people have been kept apart purposely from the sacred Black Hills of South Dakota. There was, and still are, measures that keep us apart from our true history, perpetrat perpetrated by an education system that limits the truth

of our being. Right now, here in America, right now in Canada, right now in South America, there is apartheid that seeks to separate us from our sacred places, our lands, and our resources. Right now in Canada, Native people are struggling to protect their aboriginal lands from fracking which destroys the water tables and disturbs the natural balance of the

OP-ED: My way of life by April McDowell

My way of life as an Anishnawbek, is not evil or bad, it is not witchcraft or satanic, it is merely misunderstood. The Creator God made me an Anishnawbek and with that He gave me the teachings of our people and of our way of life. I learned these teachings from my Elders, who learned them from their Elders, who learned them from their Elders all the way back to the Creation of man. Our teachings are how to be a good person, how to be honest, loving, respectful, wise, brave, truthful and humble. We are the caretakers of Mother Earth, the gift that God created for us to live. We are to use her resources respectfully and take what we need to survive as a human race so that we can continue to care for our mother. We build a lodge which represents our mother’s womb, to give honour and praise to

the Creator for giving us Mother Earth and for giving us life. We pick our medicines which the Creator provided for our use and gave us the knowledge of how to use them, which again are passed down from generation to generation. We smudge as an of offering to the Creator as we say our prayers every morning. Which are carried by the smoke to God. We honour the Eagle feather and the teaching it brings because the Creator carries us on Eagle’s wings. We wear our moccasins so that we can walk softly on Mother Earth so as not to cause her any pain. We honour our drum because she represents the heartbeat of our Creator which is why she is the center of our council. The circle represents life. We give honour to the four directions because we know the Creator is everywhere and in everything.

We fast four times a year to have a closer relationship with God and to ask for guidance or growth. We celebrate at the Pow-Wow to make new friends, get together with family and to give honour to the Creator for the blessings He has given us and to give us a chance to give something back to the community and guests. We smoke the pipe to honour our Creator in prayer and to remind us of the unity and connection we have with the Creator. We are taught our roles at a young age so that we know where we stand in our community. Everything an Anishnawbek does has meaning and purpose, but above all we always keep our Creator God at the center of our life. So again, I tell you, our way of life is not wrong, just misunderstood. Wiiba Anong Kwe

Earth. Right now with an apartheid mentality, they seek to build pipelines across Native lands that have the potential of great ecological destruction. Right now there is an apartheid that seeks to separate us from the protection of the constitution of the United States which says treaty law is the supreme law of the land; which also says you have a right to an unbiased fair

trial; which also says you have a right to a jury of your peers. Right now our young Native people are tried as adults three times more than other groups and kept apartheid from their families and kept apartheid from competent legal representation. I could go on and on, but you can see where I am heading with this. The struggle from apartheid, I am sure, is not over in South Africa, nor is the struggle against apart apartheid and slavery over in America. We must all consider Nelson Mandela an inspiration, but I am also inspired by the least of our people who stand up for what is right, like the young man or young woman who peacefully mans a roadblock against developers or fracking companies or some factory that hurts our air. While I am at it, in all this chaos, I also want to remember a brother by the name of Wanbli Tate who tirelessly championed the rights of indigenous people

through radio programs, writings, and the internet, to bring attention to the wrongdoers represented in government and corporations. We have lost a lot of our people in their last years, and again I remember my brother Russell Means who was also tireless in his efforts in trying to bring about an end to this American version of apartheid that faces Native people. In the spirit of all those who have gone before us in this struggle, I would like to say stay strong and never, never give up. Your friend always, In the spirit of Crazy Horse,

Leonard Peltier Mitakuye Oyasin To write to Leonard: LEONARD PELTIER #89637-132 USP COLEMAN I P.O. BOX 1033 COLEMAN, FL 33521

Two Row Times Glossary

We recognize that there are varying interpretations of these important terms and this glossary reflects one of many perspectives. Onkwehon:we (Oh-gway-ho-way) – Original people or complete person. It could be used interchangeably with the Algonquin word Anishnaabeg. An indigenous word for “Indian” does not exist but this could be considered the most accurate replacement. Haudenosaunee (Hoh-den-oh-shownee) – people of the longhouse also known as League of Five Nations, Six Nations Confederacy or Iroquois. Politically similar to the modern United Nations, the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca nations unified in purpose while maintaining autonomy and diversity. The Tuscarora nation was added to the council in 1720. Wampum Belts – Channelled whelk and Quahog shells crafted into beads used for important political purposes among the Haudenosaunee and other eastern woodland nations. Because the oral traditions and histories of indigenous peoples were so important these belts embodied a living agreement and served as a memory device for successive generations to interpret. Two Row Wampum Belt, 1677 – the relationship agreement or “Prime Treaty” of North America between sover sovereign nations of the Haudenosaunee and the British. A belt of white wam-

pum symbolizes the peaceful path or river of life and two parallel rows of purple wampum represent non-inter non-interference between Haudenosaunee and British vessels. Dish With One Spoon Wampum Belt – The dish or bowl metaphor was used to describe the agreement amongst indigenous groups who peacefully shared the hunting resources of the Great Lakes region. The general concept of the bowl can also be applied to represent the entire continent. Turtle Island – the land of North Amer America but it has also been interpreted to represent the entire earth. Kanien’kehá:ka (Gun-yee-gay-hawguh) – literally translated “People of the place of the flint” and is the proper name for the Mohawk people. Mohawk could be a transliteration of the derogatory term “Mohowawogs” which means flesh eaters or perhaps cannibals. Gayogohó:no’ (Guy-yoh-go-oh-no) – literally, people of the great swamp but is the proper name for the Cayuga people. Elsipogtog (El-see-puck-tuck) – for for-merly named Big Cove Band this is a Mi’qmaq government and nation 8 km southwest of Rexton, New Brunswick.







Anniversary celebration of Two Row Wampum held in Buffalo By Agnes Williams BUFFALO - In 1613 our Haudenausaunee ancestors set in motion a relationship with the Dutch. Today this relationship is known as the Two Row Wampum Treaty. It was commemorated last summer with a historic paddle from Onondaga to Oneida to Kanatsiohareka to Troy then landing in New York City. The paddle created a new Haudenausaunee community of peace patriots that is still alive today. Initiated by Jake Edwards and his son Hickory at Onondaga they partnered with NOON the Neighbors of the Onondaga Nation to organize the paddle. Joined by the Seneca, Tuscarora, Cayuga, Oneida, Mohawks and many peace loving Americans paddled, slept, ate, and organized a floating peace community. Just like other Haudenausaunee communities throughout New York, southern Quebec and Ontario we began each day by giving thanks to the Great Mystery for making it all possible. Old friendships were renewed, new ones made and most importantly we acted on our Good Minds to get along in the worst and best circumstances of the canoe trip. Each stop on the paddle attracted locals into our peace community. In the midst of uncontrolled development, polluted water, nuclear waste, and the em-

inent threat of fracking, our paddler community pulled together not only to battle the waters of the Hudson but the uncontrolled growth and environmental destruction that is Americana. Original Instructions were shared with anyone and everyone who would take the time to listen, reflect and identify what each one of us needs to do to secure a lasting peace with friendship. The paddle was not without the usual complaints of daily living, misunderstandings, different personalities and limited resources. Something happened to everyone on the paddle last summer, all I know for sure is, I was changed by the experience. On August 9, 2013 the paddlers landed at Pier 96 and hundreds joined them in a walk across Manhattan to the United Nations after settler and Haudenausaunee dignitaries treated once again. The United Nations held the annual Indigenous Peo-

ples Day events and this year the paddlers were there to witness Haudenausaunee diplomacy. The Buffalo based Indigenous Women’s Initiatives (IWI) is celebrating Indigenous Peoples Day with educational events on the United Nations 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the dismantling of the Doctrine of Discovery. Buffalo’s progressive movements join us to network and support one another’s struggles for peace, justice and a future for our children. IWI educates the public on the needs of Indigenous Peoples. The right to an economy, the right to prior, free and informed consent before anything that affects us is done to us, the right to our intellectual property are only a few of the goals IWI works for. This year Indigenous Peoples Day August 9 and IWI’s work to implement the UNDRIP was celebrated on the road and in the Hudson

River with the paddlers. As the 400th year of Two Row Wampum Treaty of Peace and Friendship draws to a close, IWI will again celebrate the rights of Indigenous Peoples. This year IWI is hosting the Full Moon Rising Concert/Dance Thursday December 12, 2013 from 6:30 pm to 11:30 pm at “Babeville’s” Asbury Hall 341 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14202 to celebrate United Nations Human Rights Day (12/10) by honoring the paddlers of the Two Row Wampum 400 year Anniversary. Headliner Pure FeNorth Carolina, Tuscarora vocalist and song writer; Daygots Leeyos-Oneida beat singer; Al White-Cayuga Drummer on the Red Road Two Row Big Drum; Brenda Jonathan-Seneca and the Tonawanda Women Singers are a few of the all Indian line up of performers who IWI will honor for their participation in the Two Row Wam-

pum Paddle. Along with Masters of Ceremonies Tonawanda Seneca Gary Parker; Eva Bighorse-Cayuga a Navajo Hoop Dancer; the Curtis Waterman-Onondaga blues band Table Top Three; Robert and Ken Parker’s blues band Freight Train and Friends; and Buffalo’s own Haudenausaunee singers “Do:soy:weh” will donate their time and energy to raise funds for IWI’s work to promote Indigenous Peoples Human Rights and the rights of the Creation to exist. Once again we will renew our friendships and honor the Two Row Wampum Paddlers with singing, dancing, traditional food, and our good minds while the Paddlers will share their experience, strength and hope with us. A $20 ticket gets you in the door, your food and a chance for a door prize. There will be vendors and raffles in our alcohol/ drug free environment. Children are welcome to dance and sing with the Haudenausaunee singers and dancers. Tickets are available at the door, online from www.eventbrite. com for a small processing fee, Talking Leaves Bookstore’s two locations 3158 Main Street, Buffalo NY 14219 and 951 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo NY 14222; Burning Books, 420 Connecticut, Buffalo NY 14213; Jan’s Smoke Shop, Bloomingdale Road near Akron, NY; and Iro-

quois Smoke Shop, Rt 438, near Gowanda NY 14071; and from IWI’s support supporters at the Cayuga Share Farm- Dan Hill; near Rochester Barbara Mahooty; at Tonawanda Rez Gigi Ground and Brenda Jonathan; at Tuscarora Rez near Sanborn Lori Printup, Tim McKie, Marilyn Hill and Ann Printup; In Buffalo Dinah Porter, Alan Jamieson, Theresa McCarthy, Nancy Napieralla, Maria Maybee, Shannon Seneca, Lavon Young, Geri Hens, Celina Irene, Gayle Porter, Terry Hill, and Mae Chambers; at Allegany Rez Sue John; at Cattaraugus Holly John, Cyrus Schindler Sr, Josie Pierce, Roberta Huff and Jenny Button. A special nyaweh goes out to sponsors Ross John Enterprises; Aaron Pierce and the Peace Givers; and Eric White’s ERW Enterprises for their continuing and generous contributions for the advancement of Indigenous Peoples. For more information about the Indigenous Women’s Initiatives’ work and this event call Michelle Bancroft-Mohawk and IWI Administrative Assistant; Nancy Johnson Onondaga and IWI Director or me, Agnes Williams Seneca and IWI Coordinator at 716-332-6988 or email us at Nyawehskanoh@gmail. com or check out our Facebook pages and websites w w w.IWInit iat ives .org and www.IWInitiatives. org. Come on out and join us!


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Stop Trying to “Solve” the Great Mystery!

When you pull up my blog online http://letstalkna, this is my intro:

“People are free to be consumed with contemplating their existence, their origins, the origins of the universe, supreme beings, controllers of destiny or anything else. But solving “The Great Mystery” is neither a requirement of being Onhkwenhonh:we nor does it provide a path to righteousness. I maintain that spirituality does not require faith or the leaps that faith requires, but rather, awareness. If it helps to believe that “God has a plan” and we just must have faith that “He” knows what “He” is doing, then walk that path. My interest is in taking the mystery out of life by pointing to the obvious that is ignored every day in the midst of fanatical ideology, and the sometimes not too subtle influences of promoting beliefs over knowledge. I have said it before: “Beliefs are what you are told, knowledge is what you experience.” I support a culture that prepares us to receive knowledge and to live a life with purpose. [And] I am certainly not suggesting there is only one way to do that.” We live in a world where one of the most overused concepts is “science.” Now, the basic idea of studying and dissecting an object or a concept for better understanding is both noble and consistent with most forward thinking cultures, including our own. Howev-

er, the problem isn’t the open-minded approach to learning, but rather, the practice of cherry picking info or skewing the findings to backfill preconceived notions or spiritual beliefs. Christian Scientists, the Church of Scientology, Quantum Healing and a host of other religious brands actually jam “science” or scientific terms right in their names; and you can bet they cite a ton of scientific data to “prove” their spiritual claims. I have heard plenty of the “born-again” experts detail scientif scientific proof that evolution is false and that science supports creationism. But think about it – Papal Bulls from the 1600s also were based on scientific evidence of racial superiority. We saw how those ideas were played out through the centuries. Science isn’t just being appropriated by desperate men trying to save their religions. The “religion” of power and wealth also has invested in “convenient” science. Governments, corporations and religions – some intertwined with one another – are finding ways to undermine Indigenous peoples by gathering “scientific” evidence to void the entire concept of Native populations. One general concept currently being circulated is that if we – the original people of this continent – all migrated here only slightly before the White man or if we are really just White men with great tans then somehow our claims to land and resources are invalid. The notion that we all left Europe, traveled through northern Asia and crossed the Bering Strait is still taught in schools as a “theory” when it barely qualifies as a hypothesis. The windows of time that were established by science for such a possibility have been slammed shut again and again but the “theory” is clung to regardless. The unlocking of

DNA is the next scientific breakthrough for solving the “Indian problem.” You see it all comes down to, “if we can figure out where they came from that is not where they are now or at least make up a compelling story of such, we can cut the cord that ties them to the land.” So connect us genetically to Europeans or Asians and who cares how we got here? Now let’s be clear that it isn’t just the White man trying cut our legs off here. There are those among us touting ancient Egyptian connections, Jewish connections, African connections and connections to alien worlds through worm holes. Our own Creation stories have been altered to match up with other cultures and get promoted as an exact account of our creation rather than the lesson of Creation. Hell, there are those among us that suggest Tekanawida was actually Jesus Christ. And that is the reason for beginning my column this week with my blog’s introductory statement. By all means speculate all you want about our origins. Create stories and fantasize but do so without creating dogma. The Great Mystery was never presented as a challenge. It is not a pass or fail test. It is like the Ohenton Karihwatehkwen – an acknowledgement not necessarily of a higher power but of things that are simply unknowable. In a world that presents itself with all of Creation so open and honestly, it is pointless to obsess on the unknowable. If there is a point to this folly then what is it? Solving the Great Mystery is not only futile but also dishonest. I can point to an agenda and a strategy behind this mockery. Every major religion on Earth has made a claim to knowing the Great Mystery but how has the planet fared with these claims to knowing the unknowable? The ties to our past

have in too many cases been weakened by the attempted genocide of our people but the good news is that we can still know the present. The same Creation that produced the world of our people seven generations ago has also produced this one. The paths of those that came before us are still available to us. Our cord to our mother has not been cut. Who else

can make that claim? Our “original instructions” are not from someone’s account of the past. They come from Creation, every day!

John Karhiio Kane, Mohawk, a national expert commentator on Native American issues, hosts “Let’s Talk Native…with John Kane,” ESPN-AM 1520 in Buffalo, Sundays, 9-11 p.m. Eastern Time.

He is a frequent guest on WGRZ-TV’s (NBC/Buffalo) “2 Sides” and “The Capitol Pressroom with Susan Arbetter” in Albany. John’s “Native Pride” blog can be found at www.letstalknativepride.blogspot .com. He also has a very active “Let’s Talk Native...with John Kane” group page on Facebook.












Six Nay Slang It has been brought to my attention that our wonderful readers are not all from my rez and may be unfamiliar with my vernacular. So, to honor those of our readers who do not hail from Six Nay, and in celebration of those of you living away from home I present to you my very own reservation language lesson. The following is a break down of “Six Nay Slang” into normal Canadian English, paired with some of my personal interpretations. May it help us navigate the waters of the Two Row in peace and harmony. Note: Six Nay Slang originates from reservation language speakers from many dialects and this language lesson only reflects one of those dialects.


Rez- Short for reserve. Rezzed Out - Looking haggard or messed up, not classy. Down the Bush - On the reserve. Back the Bush - In the forest. Bushed - Stuck on the rez.


Cousint - A non-immediate relative of any degree. Warning: DO NOT SNAG! Snag - 1. Person you are dating 2. Securing a date with someone. Ever Sick - Gross (i.e. Ever Sick! He snagged his cousint!)


Ace One! - Good job. Ace One Studzy! - Good job buddy!


Scone - (pronounced skawn not skoan) 1. A bis-

cuit, but better. 2. Indigenous person. Right on, Scone! - Congratulations, indigenous person! also; Awesome, biscuits! Mush - Oatmeal or any hot cereal Mush hole - residential school located in Brantford, Ontario; so named because the kids had to eat mush every day.


Bwoot - (sounds like soot or foot, but not boot) Human fecal matter. Bwoot lip - Sulking, pouting. Has nothing to do with poop. Jih’da - (jeet-duh) Someone who bwoot lips all the time. Gant - Something that is strange, odd or annoying. (Heck you’re gant)


Holayyyyy- To express shock and awe.

Hoh! - Miniature shock and awe. Init? - Shortened form of “Isn’t It?” used at the end of a sentence. Interchangeable with “Wouldn’t you say?”. (i.e. Pretty good scone, init?) The Akwesasne/Kahnawake version is “Uh”. Init though! - “Oh yes, you are right!’ used to confirm. Oh Heck Init! - ‘Oh no it’s not!’ used to refute.


Bush Dog - Homeless dogs that roam the rez eating bwoot and garbage. G’wan, Git! - A phrase usually yelled at a bush dog when it gets into your garbage.


Agi! - Ouch! Ajoo! - Brrr! Akwi! - Stop! Hanio! - Hurry up!

Gwiss - Pig. Gwissin’ - Eating lots of food. Pigging out. No:ia! - (sounds like new year with a british accent ; nu-yah) 1. Happy New Years greeting 2. trick or treating on New Year’s Day from 9am-noon. Right out of ‘er. - Drunk or intoxicated. Right oliver - Really drunk, usually expressed by an inability to walk or speak. Hunnert - One hundred. (i.e. He was right out of’er driving a hunnert back the bush!)

Town Line - Indian Line Seventh Line - ?

This glossary is a work in progress. To contribute terms please head over to our Facebook page or Tweet them out @ tworowtimes. Nyaweh - Thank you.


Down Below - Someplace over by Sixth Line. Upper End - Someplace over by Bateman Line. Frog Pond - Over on Third Line Smoothtown - Over on the other Third Line Sour Springs Road - Second line


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Stolen children, forgotten elders By Giibwanisi Dizhnikaaz I am an urban Indian, some of the time, well at least half of the time. I am a major participant in Oshkimaadziig camp, but in order to pay my bills, and seek out the teachers that I need, I have to travel through urban centres. I’ve lived in and out of Toronto half of my life. I’ve lived on the skids, I’ve lived in shelters, on friends couches, and roomed with friends and family. I spend a lot of my time wandering the streets, mostly alone, with my headphones on, listening to music and thinking. Lately, I’ve been

thinking about our people. Native people that is. I’ve been thinking about my own personal struggle, and as tragic as it has been, it pales in comparison to what our ancestors had to go through. Our ancestors suffered full out massacres, disease, starvation, the “Trail of Tears”, and of course the Residential Schools. But wait, some of our people who went to residential schools are very much alive today. They are our neighbours, they are our cousins, uncles, aunties, grandparents etc. Some of them, if not all of them, have had unimaginable things done to them. Rape, violence, abuse, humiliation, things so terrible I am troubled to even go to those dark places. But they did, and

they are still alive. Some of these people are violent, angry people, who in turn, have done some very disturbing things to other generations. They too may have raped, tortured, and abused their own families and loved ones. (I too, am a victim of sexual assault). But why on earth would they do such things? Because it was what they were taught, by those raping priests and nuns. I saw a quote from Jay Mason commenting on a picture of young native gangsters. He said “But they are still our kids”. After I saw that comment, it opened up my eyes to what I was blind to before. I criticize everyone for their faults without knowing their story first.

I was walking by the Elders Centre and I remember an encounter that I had last year with a couple of people in there. The people that I talked to had been through the residential school system and they seemed perfectly functional, and then I heard them talk. What I heard was so vile, and hateful, that I just wanted out of there. I was too stunned to sit there, and listen. So as I was walking by there again, this time thinking about what our Uncle Jay Mason had said about “them still being our people”, it got me thinking about our loss, of entire generation(s). And we continue to lose these generations, because we are too unforgiving. We only see the trauma that

some of these survivors may have inflicted upon us. But are these truly our teachings? No. In the past, there would have been some sort of intervention, healing, reconciliation, recovery and forgiveness. But not today, we point fingers and we accost them. We say mean things to them like calling them “apples”. We oppress them, and what is fundamentally worse, we kick them to the curb and forget about them. If we are truly serious about healing, then we have to begin to heal ourselves. At least enough to allow the space for forgiveness. This may take a long time, and there are many, many ceremonies, teachings and prayers that can help us along the

way. The Oshkimaadziig people, mentioned in the 7th Fire Prophecy of the Anishinabek, talks about tracing our steps back to the Elders. To learn the teachings of our old ways, to “ensure the survival of humanity in the 8th fire”. Our Residential School Survivors may not be Elders, in the manner of which we envision them. But they are our people, and they are a reminder of an “old way” that should never be forgotten. If we are truly to survive, then we must learn from this, heal from this and be forgivers of this, or history will repeat itself, and we will have to learn this the hard way again. We can’t move forward without forgiving the past.




UNIFOR stands in support of First Nations By Jim Windle TORONTO - Last week, in Toronto, one of Canada’s largest and most powerful trade unions showed its support for First Nations rights in their struggle against intrusion of big oil interests on their traditional lands, without consultation or accommodation. At the Ontario Regional Council of the newly amalgamated trade union, UNIFOR - formally the Canadian Auto Workers and Communications Energy and Paper Workers unions - the organization representing more than 300,000 workers across Canada, underscored its support of First Nations Treaty Rights. More than 800 UNIFOR representatives gathered at Toronto’s Downtown Sheriton Hotel last week, to discuss recommendations to the carter of the newly amalgamated labour force. UNIFOR, underscores it’s position on upholding Native and Treaty Rights,

specifically in connection with big oil corporations’ unwanted and unwelcome intrusion into traditional Onkwehon:we lands across Canada. In a statement endorsed by National President, Jerry Diaz, UNIFOR clearly stated its support of the rights of Indigenous peoples while at the same time calling for much stricter environmental precautions and more careful planning in providing Canada with its energy needs. “We support the rights of First Nations peoples to control what developments occur on their land, and to participate fully in the economic benefits from resource projects.” Delegate Marilyn Vegso of UNIFOR Local 414, stood to recommend an addition to those put before the Council. “The biggest issue facing Canada’s energy industry today is the lack of consultation and accommodation within affected First Nations

territories,” said Vegso. “The environmental concerns are paramount, since most pipelines are running through various First Nations Territories. Harpers’ damn-the-torpedoes, full steam ahead, style shows no respect or recognition of the treaty rights of indigenous peoples in this country. “Now is the time for a new direction in Canada’s energy industry and it is one that acknowledges aboriginal title and rights to the resources on their territories.” She challenged her union to stand in solidari-

ty with First Nations both in talk and on the ground, shoulder to shoulder with Indigenous brothers and sisters who are on the frontlines of resistance across Canada. “I would like to see an addition to our recommendations to include the commitment to make our government engage in, or see to it, that meaningful consultation and accommodation with First Nations leaders who truly represent their people, is undertaken before a project begins.” The UNIFOR recommendation was not for

the total shut down of the oil sands project, but to be much better managers of it. It recommended the creation of a Canada-wide energy grid, so that Canadian Energy resources can continue to be used, first and foremost, to meet the needs of Canadian consumers. Most of the bitumen oil being extracted from the Alberta oil sands, is destined for foreign markets while Canada is still importing most of its own energy from off shore sources. Warnings of Prime Minister Steven Harper’s

open arms policy to giant oil interests, both domestic and foreign, were also spelled out for the membership to consider. These deals, most of which involve to some extent the trampling of Native and Treaty Rights, include Enbridge Line 67 “Alberta Clipper” project; Keystone XL Northern Gateway; TransMountain Expansion; Energy East; Southern Lights; and Enbridge’s Norlite projects just to name a few. A recent report announced this week that 40% of the Alberta Oil Sands has been bought by Chinese interests. More locally, many concerns were raised over Enbridge’s Line 9 project, which would renovate and reverse the flow of an existing pipeline built in the 1970’s designed to carry imported oil from depots on the east coast, to refineries in Ontario. Protesters and ecological watchdogs consider this practice a disaster just waiting to happen.

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Austin, Melissa L.

Corbeil-Smith, Frederic W. R.

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Honours Bachelor Of Arts - Speech & Language Sciences


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Bachelor Of Arts - Honours Criminology

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Bachelor Of Arts - Anthropology

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Bachelor Of Journalism

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Davies, Kandace L.

Hill, Cynthia J.

Loyer, Stacey A.

Aboriginal Teacher Education Program

Digital Photography

Social Service Worker

Doctor of Philosophy - Cultural Mediations/Literary Studies

Cayuga, Wyatt T.

DiBussolo, Julia M.

Hill-Montour, Bailly R.

Mangus, Kayse A.

Bachelor Of Theology

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Masters - Occupational Therapy

Clause, Brittany K.

DiBussolo, Peter A.

Jackson, Melissa M.

Maracle, Debra M.

Bachelor Of Science - Health & Wellness

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Master Of Arts - Integrated Studies

Social Service Worker

Clause, Cassandra J.

Doxtater, Kody D. S.

Jamieson, Brian S.

Martin, Kally T.

Fitness And Health Promotion

Bachelor Of Arts - First Nations Studies

Bachelor Of Arts - Business Administration

Culinary Management - Apprentice

Clause, Katherine A.

Gibson, Taylor L.

Johnson, Pamela E.

Martin, Kari M.

Bachelor Of Social Work (BSW)

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Early Childhood Education

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Henry, Vanessa R.

Jonathan, Meghan G.

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Bachelor Of Social Work (BSW)

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Corbeil-Smith, Chloe

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Early Childhood Education

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Six Nations is proud to present

2013 Post Secondary Graduates The Grand River Post Secondary Education Office Board and Staff extend their “Congratulations” to Six Nations 2013 Post Secondary Graduates. A JOINT INITIATIVE OF

Grand River Post Secondary Education Office (GRPSEO)

Science Education & Employment Development (SEED)

On behalf of the Science Education and Employment Development Committee (SEED) partners, we wish you continued success in your future endeavors.

GRAND RIVER POST SECONDARY APPLICATION CALENDAR Feb. 5, 2014 Funding Information Night. Six Nations Community Hall 5-7 p.m. May 17 Application Deadline for Fall/Winter semester(s). Apply on-line! Winter Marks/progress Reports due for all continuing students. Summer course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. Levels 3 & 4 provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. July 1 Official Transcripts due from students with any assistance following the previous July. For fall applicants, funds will be decommitted if the transcript is not received.

Sept 17 Application deadline for Winter semester. Apply on-line! Summer Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Fall course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. Levels 3 & 4 provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Jan. 17 Application deadline for Summer semester. Apply on-line! Fall Marks/ Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Winter course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. Levels 3 & 4 provide Letter of Good Academic Standing.

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Hill, Eric R.

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Concurrent Disorders

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Staats, Hollie R.

Styres, Brooke D.

Styres-Dery, Stephanie J.

Thomas, Gloria J.

Professional Master Of Public Administration

Protection, Security And Investigation

Bachelor Of Arts in Sociology & Indigenous Studies

Bachelor Of Applied Arts — Public Administration and Governance

Doctor of Philosophy Education

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Ramage, Rachelle L.

Smith, Caralyn M.

Tessier, Jessica M.


Master Of Education

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Riddle, Hannah J. D.

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Travel And Tourism

Social Service Worker

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Rodriguez, Kathy J.

Bachelor Of Arts - Business

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Russell, Alysse D.

Practical Nursing

Bach. Of Applied Science - Kinesiology

Munro, Jon D.

Russell, Shelby J.

Smith, Melodie D. Aboriginal Midwifery Training Programme

Smith, Travis S.

Vander Doelen, Jenna L. Bachelor Of Technology - Graphic Communications Management

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Williams, Rily C.

Staats, Christopher L.

Music Industry Arts

Culinary Management

Wythe, Kristin A. Bachelor Of Science Honours Biological Science

Juris Doctor

Bachelor Of Kinesiology

Owen, Derrick B.

Skye, Samantha C.

Staats, Holly N.

Honours Bachelor Of Science - Human Kinetics

Bachelor Of Arts - Contemporary Studies

Bachelor Of Science - Religion





SWN pulls out of Mi’kmaq territory, but for how long? By Miles Howe

Last Friday, SWN Resources Canada issued a brief press release to the effect that it had finished “its seismic acquisition program in New Brunswick.” While the announcement was certainly cause for celebration amongst the anti-shale gas activists who have been fight fighting the Texas-based gas company’s attempts to test for shale gas in Kent County since late May of 2013, the announcement does raise certain import important questions. Questions relating to both the motivation behind, and the veracity of, the press release. SWN’s Kent County campaign, although by far the most protracted and violent from a state-sanctioned perspective, is not the company’s first thwarted attempt seeking shale gas in the wilds of New Brunswick. In 2011, SWN at attempted to seismic test in the Stanley area of New Brunswick. Without the near-constant deployment of taxpayer-billed RCMP forces, which have apparently run up a bill that is $4 million and counting in 2013, anti-shale activists made quick work of the company’s 2011 at attempts. Equipment was seized and, according to CBC reports, thousands of dollars of equipment was vandalized.

It may well be that the 2013 campaign, which saw months of extended protests culminated in successive nightly tire fires along Highway 11 and cross-Canada solidarity demonstrations that shut down key pieces of infrastructure, became too much for the Texans. A more likely scenario is that a certain percentage of SWN’s seismic testing was completed. This percentage triggered a non-default status on the estimated $47 million it has supposedly invest invested into New Brunswick provincial infrastructure. With the winter coming on, and indeed with anti-shale gas sentiments

being what they were, an arrangement was likely brokered between the province and the company. Also important to remember is that SWN has millions of acres on lease for exploration from the province. The Kent County portion of the lease represents but a small fraction, likely about 5%, of the total lands under lease. On the other hand, Kent County represented the direct potential of royalty pay-offs to the land owning and politically entrenched Graham family; it was indeed Shawn Graham whose government issued SWN it’s licenses to

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explore in 2010. Perhaps hence, the Kent County focus. Also, despite the SWN press release, which would certainly be difficult to renege on, scouts in New Brunswick continue to report that SWN and it’s subcontractors are not actually gone yet. The seismic testing trucks, or ‘thumpers’, remain at the ADTS warehouse area in Caledonia Industrial Park

in Moncton, which was earlier the site of three arrests. The parking lot at the Holiday Inn in Moncton is also still full of SWN subcontracted trucks and assorted gear. Adding to the potential of a conspiratorial scenario, last weekend a team of scouts found a truck and work crew belonging to Logan Drilling, working in the Saint Anne area, after the SWN press

release was issued. When questioned, the work crew relayed that they were drilling for new Bell service towers. This could not be confirmed by Bell. Logan Drilling’s company profile, however, notes that it specializes in exploratory mineral drilling, especially for “slim hole oil and gas samples.” So far, Logan Drilling has only been linked to the one drilled hole.




Mi’kmaq Warriors still jailed after two months by Miles Howe MONCTON - As we approach the two month mark of their incarceration, this week is set to see the first of the Mi’kmaq Warriors Society members stand trial for their response to the vicious RCMP assault of the highway 134 encamp-

ment on October 17th Aaron Francis is slated to stand trial for a variety of charges on December 12th and 13th in Moncton, New Brunswick. Rumours of cruel and unusual treatment during their incarceration surfaced when Society member David Mazerolle spoke of being

placed in solitary confinement while at the Southeast Regional Correctional Centre (SRCC) in Shediac, New Brunswick. Mazerolle also spoke of witnessing Francis being “beat up” while being transferred to the SRCC, and noted that all members of the Society were “cut off completely


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from the phones.” Mazerolle noted that typically, even inmates placed in solitary confinement, or “the hole”, are at least granted “half hour breaks”. That was not the case with the Society members, who were placed in constant solitary confinement with the sole exception being court appearances. Mazerolle was among the six members of the Society who were transferred to the SRCC. They all face a variety of charge stemming from the 17th, to the supposed ‘lead-up’ events that transpired on October 15th and 16th. He and Signigtog District War Chief Jason Augustine were subsequently released from custody, while Francis, Jim Pictou, Coady Stevens and Germaine ‘Junior’ Breau have remained behind bars since the 17th.

Social media circles have drawn comparison concerning members of the Society who are still in jail awaiting trial, and well-monied Dennis Oland. Oland, after being charged with the second-degree murder of his father, was out on bail days later on a $50,000 surety. Also important to note is the total oversight of presiding bail hearing judge Camille Vautour to apply the Gladue principle to his decision. Of particular concern, Vautour determined that Coady Stevens would be denied bail due to several previous convictions. Stevens, in his plea to Vautour, referenced his difficult upbringing on reservations across the Maritimes as being a driving factor in his convictions. The argument fell on deaf ears and

Vote for Clynt King MNCFN Councillor Candidate Vote for Clynt King On December 14, 2013 MNCFN Councillor Candidate On December 14, 2013

Stevens has been incarcerated ever since. Also notable, Vautour did not reference section 718.2 (e) of part XXIII of the Criminal Code of Canada, which requires the judge to contemplate “the unique systemic or background factors which may have played a part in bringing the particular aboriginal offender before the courts.” Also lost in this narrative is that these men are sons, brothers and fathers, and this is the holiday season. “He needs to come out,” says Annie Clair of her son Junior Breau. “He’s got a daughter that he needs to spend the holidays with. He’s got family that miss him, his grandparents, and his mother that loves him dearly and want him to come home. We cannot celebrate Christmas without him.”

• 5 years experience in a leadership role with well established skills in coaching and relationship management • Business/Commerce degree (or combination of relevant education and experience) • Human resources management experience within a team-based environment and substantial experience supervising staff I have been on council for the last six years and would like to continue to • Proven excellence and experience in the writing of funding and grant work for our First Nation. My strengths at the council table are: proposals • Experience in client-centered support services and programs Voice for the natural environment Project management skills • Strong written and verbal communication skills I have been on council for the last six years and would like to continue Team player Support the development and improvement of policies • Past success working with and reporting to a board of directors and to work for our First Nation. My strengths at the council table are: the ability to work collaboratively with the Board and the team. • Experience in Social Media communications, such as FaceBook, Voice for the natural environment Project management skills Twitter, etc. to reach out to the youth community Over the last six years I have helped influence: T eam p l ayer Support the development and improvement of policies • Must have excellent Word, Excel, PowerPoint skills, along with 1. the development of our first solid waste plan; keyboarding skills, minimum of 50 w.p.m. 2. an online Over mapping the last sixprogram years I have helped influence: Candidates must provide a covering letter, stating their salary expectations,3. a collaborative 1. the water development of our first solid waste plan; research project along with their resume to be considered and those considered will be 2 . an onl ine map p ing p rog ram required to complete a Knowledge/Skills/Abilities (KSA) test prior to being 4. addition of paved shoulder along New Credit Road a collaborative water research project lagoons considered for a face-to-face interview. 5. addition3.of flow monitoring device for sewage 4. addition of paved shoulder along New Credit Road Please email your resume and covering letter to Human Resources 5. addition of flow monitoring device for sewage lagoons Advisory Services at Responses to any other DJB email or fax will not be considered. While we appreciate all who are interestedOver the next two years, the main projects I would like to work on: in the position, only those candidates selected for an interview will be nextresearch two years,results the mainwith projects would like to workprogram on: 1. mergeOver thethe water the Ionline mapping contacted. The acceptance of resumes will be open until 5:00p.m. January 1. amerge the water researchmodeling’ results withtool the online mapping to develop unique ‘watershed that will provide a 10, 2014. program to develop a unique ‘watershed modeling’ tool that will focal point for analysing development proposals within our provide a focal point for anal ysing development proposals within traditional territory our traditional territory Six Nations Elected Council hsweken, N. 2. develop a public online mapping program for the cemetery Health Services Department - Health Promotions Manager (Full Time) 2. develop a public online mapping program for the cemetery 3. improve the archaeological monitoring program by developing a 3. improve the archaeological monitoring program by developing a nder the direction and supervision from the Director of Health Services and policy that will guide and evaluation Six Nations Council, the Health Promotion Manager shall manage community policy thatits willimplementation guide its implementation and evaluation nutrition and diabetes education programs for the Six Nations community with the 4. review and the update 2008 comprehensive community plan plan 4. update review and the 2008 comprehensive community emphasis of promoting wellness and the maintenance of healthy lifestyles through a complete consultative approach while working within the administrative procedures If youwork like the work I am doing, I humbly foryour your vote If you like the I am doing, then, then, I humbly askask for voteininthe the established for the Health Promotion Manager position.

upcoming election. upcoming election. Closing on W ednesday D ecember 1 8 , 2 0 1 3 at 4 : 0 0 P . M . For candidate requirements and application process email to: recruitment




Knighthawks lose thriller to Minnesota By Craig Rybczynski

ROCHESTER — For a preseason game, tonight’s National Lacrosse League game at The Blue Cross Arena had all the drama of a playoff game. In a rematch of the 2013 East Division Finals, the Minnesota Swarm avenged their playoff loss to Rochester by downing the Knighthawks 16-15. A crowd of over 10,000 watched Johnny Powless tie the game with 11 seconds to play, only to have rookie Scott Jones score the game-winner

with two seconds left in the contest. The game was the first of the preseason for Rochester, but the second for the Swarm, who are now 2-0. For Rochester, Craig Point led the way with six goals and three assists, while Cory Vitarelli had two goals and three assists. Powless also posted three goals and two assists, and Dan Dawson scored once and registered five assists. Matt Vinc started the game and played the first half, helping Rochester take a 5-4 lead into halftime.

Brandon Styres played the third and Ian Duffy played the final quarter. Minnesota received four goals and one assist from Jordan MacIntosh, while rookie Logan Schuss recorded four goals and one assist. Kiel Matisz also chipped in three goals and one assist. Tyler Higgins went the distance in goal and made 31 saves to earn the victory. The back-to-back champs built a 13-9 lead six minutes into the fourth quarter as they scored seven straight

goals. Point had three of his team-high six goals during the stretch. Minnesota fought back with two goals from Matisz and one from Josh Gillam to cut the deficit to one. After a goal by Powless made it 14-12, Jones (three goals) made it 14-13 and sparked a 3-0 run. Schuss scored backto-back goals with his final marker with just 48 seconds left to give the Swarm a 15-14 lead. But Rochester was not done, as Dylan Evans won the faceoff, drove the net and drew a penalty.

On the ensuing power play, Powless beat Higgins over his right shoulder to tie the game. That set the stage for the final possession. Jones held the ball and then ripped a long shot from just inside the restraining line for the winning goal. The Knighthawks will travel to Oakville to play the Toronto Rock on Saturday, December 14th. Rochester will battle its East Division foes at 7:00 p.m. at the Toronto Rock Athletic Centre (TRAC). Rochester will close out the preseason with an

11:00 a.m. scrimmage against Calgary on Sunday, December 15th at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena (ILA). Rochester will host Minnesota to kick off the team’s historic 20th season on Saturday, December 28th at The Blue Cross Arena. The game is a 7:30 p.m. start and will begin with the raising of the 2013 NLL Championship banner. Tickets are currently available by calling the Rochester Knighthawks’ office at (585) 454-4295.

the Blast’s bubble. According to Sault, his knee is feeling good, so far anyhow, and he is not slowed down much, if any, from his give-it-all style of play, every shift. “I like playing against Dundas,” he said. “It just seems that both teams get up for those games and it’s always a bigger battle.” Playing coach Mike Burgoyne has been experimenting with where Sault’s skills will be best utilized and has tried him with a few different combinations in his two games back, but he thinks he will end up with Chris Rebernik and Chris Leveille, both lunchpail style mockers with speed. “It just shows how much depth we have up front,” says Sault. At 17 points, Brantford still remains five points ahead of second place Whitby. The McCoys are tied for third place with Stoney Creek, but have only played six games so far while Stoney

Creek have played eight. Whitby and Brantford have both played nine games. The Blast will be looking for revenge this Friday night when they host the McCoys at the Brantford and District Civic Centre beginning at 7:30. On Sunday. Dec. 15th, they travel to Norwood to face the Vipers for a 6:30 start.

Blast end winning streak in Dundas By Jim Windle

DUNDAS — The Brantford Blast have proven themselves human after all when they were beaten by their 403 rivals, the Dundas Real McCoys, 4-3 in Dundas, Friday night. The Blast began the season with an 8-0-0 record going into Friday night’s game and very nearly kept the streak alive against the 3-2-0 McCoys who have had a very light schedule so far. The Blast went up against a very determined McCoys team and a red hot goaltender in Mike Mole who turned away 38 of the 41 shots he faced in regulation time as well as all three shooters in the shootout. Dundas got the hometown crowd into the game at 3:33 of the first period with Steve Hurst’s goal on Brett Leggat assisted by Joe Koudys and Jay McKee. Jordan Foreman made it 2-0 at 14:23 from Adam Deleeuw and Koud-

ys. Despite outshooting the McCoys 13-12, Brantford didn’t get into the game until 18:47 when Chris Leveille connected from Chris Rebernik and Mark Taylor. In the second period, Justin Davis took advantage of a Blast penalty after Ryan Healy was tagged for interference. Cameron Sault got Brantford going again with his goal at 9:15 to close the gap 3-2, and then set up the tying goal scored by Mike Ruberto at 13:49 to end 40 minutes of play even at 3-3. Both Leggat and Mole put on a show in the third period to keep the score tied at the end of regulation time. There was no scoring in the extra period forcing the goaltender’s dual to determine the outcome. Brantford’s Brandon Dietrich shot first which Mole denied. Scott Mifsud beat Leggat on the McCoys’ first chance. Next up was Leveille and Mole turned his effort aside.

Cameron Sault of Six Nations/New Credit has made an instant impact for the Brantford Blast since returning to the lineup this year. In two games back he has contributed five points by way of a goals and four assists. (Photo by Jim Windle) Leggat stopped Forman, which left the last shot up to Sault. Mole stood firm

on his attempt and his McCoys took the win and the extra point, popping

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Corvairs get back on the winning side By Jim Windle CALEDONIA — The Buf Buffalo Regales were the healing salve the Caledonia Pro-Fit Corvairs needed after suffering their first two losses of the season. The Corvairs had back to back losses at the hands of the Welland Saturday, Canadians Nov. 30, and again this past Friday night with an OT loss in St. Catherines. Caledonia really need a win to turn their fortunes around and the Regales, who have had only one game so far this year, came to the Haldimand Centre Arena at exactly the right time this past Saturday night. The Regales put up token resistance as the powerful Corvairs got themselves back on the winning side of the ledger with a 6-1 win. Connor Murphy and Matt Quilty put the Corvairs up 2-0 after the

Caledonia Pro-Fit Corvairs’ #17, Brier Jonathan, and his teammates ended a two game mini-skid Saturday night by defeating the visiting Buffalo Regales 6-1. The Corvairs ended a 24 game winning streak last weekend and now start a new one. (Photo by Jim Windle) first 20 minutes; Colin Furlong’s bid for his third shutout of the season was spoiled at 5:07 with Buffalo’s only goal of the game, scored by Luke Meyer. Cody Brown potted a shorthander at 18:11 from Jayme Forslund and Furlong to end the sec-

ond period with the Corvairs leading 3-1. The third period belonged to Caledonia as Cody Brown, Spencer Gourlay and Collin Murphy added goals to take the 6-1 win. Friday night, the St. Catherines Falcons served up the Caledonia

is in academics or sports and to read often, all being keys to success. In six tournaments starts this past season, Smith placed 9th at the LaBaron Hills Country Club, seventh at the Pinehills Golf Club 10th at the Atlantic Country Club and 21st at the Crumpin-Fox Golf Club, which earned him his way into the prestigious U.S. Open this past June in Ardmore, Pennsylvania, where he shot a first round 73 and second round 81 before missing the cut. He is determined to come back next year to try it again. Smiths first sports love was not golf, it was baseball. When his father, Guy Smith, died, everything in his world changed.“My dad was my hero. My Idol,” he says. Guy Smith was a celebrated Six Nations athlete of some repute himself

having earned a hockey scholarship at the University of New Hampshire. From there, Guy Smith, played in the now defunct World Hockey Association for the New England Whalers. After retirement, Guy became a veterinarian until his sudden death at age 44. He had dropped Jesse off at the arena for hockey practice where he suddenly died of a heart attack in his car while still in the parking lot. Without his father’s encouragement and coaching, baseball and hockey became too hard for Jesse to bear. He quit both. Jesse found refuge on the quiet of the golf links instead, a place where he could be alone with his thoughts. Golf became a therapy for him, but the talent he was gifted with through his father would

Profit Corvairs’ second loss in a row, and second loss of the season, 4-3, in a shootout in St. Kitts. But being a loss in OT, the first place Corvairs still picked up a point to stay one point ahead of the Falcons in the standings, who have played one more game.

It turned out to be a battle of powerplays as five of the seven goals scored came with an extra man advantage. The Corvairs capitalized on three of five chances while the Falcons scored two powerplay markers. Matt Quilty opened the scoring at 9:34 of the first period on a powerplay after the Falcons were called for icing an ineligible player. St. Catharines countered with a powerplay goal of their own, at the 16-minute mark, scored by Tommy Barszcz with Brooker Muir serving two minutes for crosschecking. Connor Murphy picked up the Corvairs second powerplay goal at 16:33 with Falcons’ Mitch Bursey off for slashing, which was the only penalty of the period. But with 11 seconds remaining, Aaron Taylor tied the game at 2-2.

The pattern continued in the third period with Connor Patent scoring the first goal of the period assisted by Quilty for the Corvairs’ third powerplay goal. The Falcons would not relent and at 12:12, Aaron Taylor tied the game again with Cody Brown off for tripping. Yanni Rallis was the St. Catherines’ hero, scoring the game winner at 3:52 of the extra frame. In total, the Corvairs outshot the Falcons 3816 with St Catherines’ goaltender Knick Dawe taking the win while Colin Furlong suffered the defeat in the Caledonia net. This coming Friday 13th, the Corvairs hope all the bad luck goes Ancaster’s way when they host the Avalanche in Caledonia beginning at 7:30 pm.

Pro golfer offers words of encouragement By Tracy Bomberry and Jim Windle OHSWEKEN – Six Nations’ own Jesse Smith, who has made a name for himself in the world of professional golf, spent the day with students at Emily C. General Elementary School. He was recently honoured by the Dreamcatcher Charitable Foundation for his contribution to sports. Jesse offered words of encouragement and served as an inspiration to the young Six Nations students. He also conducted a golf challenge for the students. Smith shared with them some of his trials, tribulations and highlights in professional sport and had a message to the students to be proud of who they are and to believe in themselves. Smith encouraged them to work hard, whether it

Professional golfer Jesse Smith visited Emily C. General recently, the same day as the wrap up of the school’s food drive Dec 4th. (Photo by Tracy Bomberry) not allow him to be just a casual golfer and he soon began pursuing it with a passion. He was a walkon when he was accepted into Colgate University in New York State as a com-

pletely unknown entity, but with outstanding talent. Through it all, he has held dear the words of his hero who always told him not to let fear of fail-

ure stop him from doing his best in whatever he wanted to pursue. That is the same message Smith is delivering to young Native children today.

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Nmaachihna offers a template for First Nations education By Jim Windle

MORAVIANTOWN – What would it be like to be cast back in time to the 1700’s, and living off the land in a Delaware village? This is a question both Onkwehon:we and non-Native people could ask themselves with equal curiosity. There is a lot of talk about culturally sensitive, self-designed and executed education system for First Nations people – what that means and how it would look. But one would only have to make a visit to Nmaachihna, Indigenous Enviro-Education Centre in Moraviantown, near Chatham, Ontario, to be inspired. Two Row Times paid a visit to the centre last week to see how a totally Delaware designed and crafted curriculum can fulfill the cultural needs of First Nations, but at the same time satisfy a certifiable, Ontario Ministry of Education approved model that is not only a look back into an ancient past, but a look towards the future at the same time. Through the more than 60 programs offered to students, todays children can learn the recog-

nized skills necessary to their future, but taught in the way the ancestors would have taught it – through hands-on and creative exercises that take knowledge out of the textbooks and into the real world, By doing so, students stay engaged and active while learning. One such program involves the preparation and building of what they call a Wigwam. Through the process, students learn mathematics, science, ecology, structural design, and other skills. The Centre is the brainchild of Bruce Stonefish, Director of the Indigenous Education Coalition. It’s purpose and goal is to be an alternative learning centre with culturally and community based programs for First Nations students as well as a valuable resource for teachers within the Ontario’s public school system who are now adding mandated to include First Nations historical and cultural elements within their curriculums. The reconnection of disenfranchised First Nations children to their heritage and culture made through Nmaachihna, are as rewarding to watch as it is to the self-

Photo gallery of the site is available on our website (Photos by Dave LaForce)

worth and pride of the First Nations student. But it doesn’t stop there either. The programs are also open to non-Native students who wish to see the world through a different perspective and learn more about the world around them and in doing so, bridge cultural gaps between the two world views. Director Bruce Stonefish, says Nmaachihna is a “ʻlivingʼ village where students will get handson experience in working with the environment the way Indigenous peoples live with the land.” The Centre opened to the general public in 2012 and has been growing since. “Nmaachihna is all about building relationships and improving the depth of understanding between First Nations and the rest of Canadian society,” says Stonefish. Nmaachihna is located at 14921 Riverline Road, Bothwell, Ontario, which is on Delaware Nation Territory at Moraviantown. There are both summer and winter programs available. Call Rachel Hopkins at 1-519692-3651 for more information.


Federal Detention Diary of Rarahkwisere – Akwesasne Wolf Clan representative We present here extracts of Rarahkwisere’s prison diary which he made while detained during the Three Feathers Casino case in the Akwesasne Kanienkehaka Territory. The Three Feathers Casino class 2 electronic bingo hall was operated by the Men’s Council of Akwesasne from July 2011 to September 2012. In December 2012, a large federal police taskforce served a search warrant on the shuttered building located on Route 37 near Hogansburg, New York. Five men were charged

with operating an illegal casino and with transporting gambling equipment over state lines. A jury trial in Albany, New York has been taking place since October 2013 for four defendants. One defendant, Rarahkwisere, was arrested in the December raid. He remained in federal custody until being released on November 8, 2013 on his own recognizance, by Judge Thomas McAvoy. The trial is continuing as of this issue’s publication time. This is the autobiographical narrative of

Rarahkwisere for the period of time spent in federal custody. My name is Rarahkwisere. I serve as the Wolf Clan representative of the Kanienkehaka Kaianerehkowa Kanonhsesne. I am a grandfather and veteran. I was arrested the morning of December 18, 2012 at 7:00AM by St. Regis Tribal Police under the direction of federal law enforcement. This took place in the parking lot of the Bear’s Den truck stop. I had just pulled up to get a look at the police sweep of the empty building that held the Three

Feathers Casino and the tribal police ran up to me. They had been sitting in unmarked cars in the parking lot that morning as watch animals for the feds. I was blindfolded, stripped of my clothes during a full body search and a gun was held to my head by the agents. The federal police wore black uniforms with facemasks. It was not that cold that morning so they were just hiding their identities. I told them that I was a prisoner of war and I refused to answer their questions. They shackled

my arms and legs. My ankle was already swelling up. I had lost feeling in the ankle after an Ironworker accident years ago. I have been on disability since that time. All of the blood drains out of the foot because of the ankle destruction. It also causes horrible headaches. I was so frustrated that I considered urinating and defecating in my holding cell and smearing it all over myself and then challenging them to come in and get me. I guess that made me laugh enough that I soon fell asleep on the hard steel bunk.

When they brought me food I did not trust them so I just let it sit there. That would be the beginning of a twenty-five pound weight loss during my detention period. Because I refused to sign into their jail, I was transferred to the holding area for refugees. I soon met a dissident from Egypt who was a close associate of Egyptian President Mubarak. The U.S. Attorney’s Office in Plattsburgh had decided to hold this man, Magdy Mohamed Elsayed Ibrahim, when he presented ...continued on page 20




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SOUTHERN FIRST NATIONS London Nokee Kwe Occupational Skill Development Inc B Back Pawn Broker Fanshawe College Southern Ontario Aboriginal Health Access Centre My Sisters Place Namerind Friendship Centre Education Coalition Ninham Law Office UWO Indigenous Student Services Museum of Archeology AIAI Atlohsa Family Healing Services Saps Sudz Laundry CSC Oneida Nation Bevs Auto Repair & Tobacco Outlet Cig City Smoke Shop Eagle Radio Station Notice Box Elph's G & D Variety Grandpas Little Brown Variety Store Harvest Gold Larry's Masons Convenience Smoke Shop Mr. C Variety Oneida Community Centre Oneida Ec Dev Employment & Training Oneida Ec Dev Employment & Training #2 Oneida Family Healing Lodge Oneida Nation Administration Oneida Pride Convenience Stand Alone Smokes Standing Stone Gas Bar Stuck in the middle Uncle Bob Smoke & Convenience Chippewas Thames Bear Creek Gas Bar Chippewa Health & Mental Health Dept Chippewas Community Centre Chippewas Early Years Chippewas Education/School Chippewas of the Thames Admin Nimkee Healing Centre SOAHAC The Store Tuck Shop Munsee Delaware Nation AEI Child Care Centre Indigenous Education & Environment KIIkii Mnaasged Child & Family Munsee Delaware Admin / Munsee Delaware Community Centre Munsee-Delaware Paradise Bingo Chippewas Thames Moraviantown Band Council Discount Smokes Green Arrow Indigenous Educational Environment Centre Library Moraviantown Auto Naahii Eatery Naahii Grocery Native Smoke Shop Southern First Nations Secretariat

Viola's Trading Post

Walpole Island Grace's Variety Big Daddy’s Pizza Thunderbird Plaza Bkejwanong First Nation Office Ojibways Variety Papas Place Coffee Shop Thunderbird Plaza Pit Stop Variety Thunderbird Plaza Walpole Island First Nation Pharmacy Sarnia Aamjiwnaang Community and Youth Centre Aamjiwnaang Health Centre Cheap Smokes Chippewas of Sarnia Aamjiwnaang First Nation Mr. Cee's Petrocan Gas & Variety Veronicas White Plains Autobody Kettle & Stoney Point Chippewas of Kettle and Stoneypoint Admin Eagle Radio Station Jors Video Shop Lucky Seven Restaurant Sunset smokeshop Supermarket Two Eagle Video Smoke Shop Windsor Can-Am Friendship Centre


African Drums and Craft Anishnabwe Health Anishnabwe Health Anishnabwe Health Dufferin Grove Recreation Centre Eglinton/Dufferin Library Hair Plus Beauty Supplies Himalayan Cafe Homeland Supermarket Jerk Box Jamaican Restaurant Miziwe Biik-Aboriginal Employment Native Canadian Center Toronto Na-Me-Res Native Canadian Centre of Toronto Native Child and Family Services Native Women’s Resource Centre Parkdale Community Health Centre Parkdale Legal Clinic Parkdale Library Ray's Tropical Food Shoppers Drug Mart Spadina/Bloor Library Tibetan Emporium Toronto Council Fire Native Cultural Centre University of Toronto Aboriginal Student Centre West Hill United Church York University - CUPE, OPIRG & ASA offices, YorkU Free Press Stands

EASTERN MOHAWKS Tyendinaga Library Band Office FNTI Renaissance L & M Variety Elder’s Lodge Chief’s Inn Restaurant 49 Gas Station Buck’s Gas Station Turtle Island Groceteria & Restaurant Two Hawks Roxannes Restaurant Freeflow Store Phil’s Laundromat Village Variety Akwesasne Ahnawate Marina Big Boy's Gas Twin Leaf West Jreck Subs Tarbell Management Group AK Gas Seneca Select Distribution Keegan's Tobacco Urban Thrift and Tobacco (Bill Sears) Rose's Tobacco - Mohawk Junction Akwak's Smoke Shop


Buffalo Burning Books Native American Community Services NASO Buff State Niagara Falls Native American Community Services Niagara Native Women's Services Smoking Joe's - Niagara Old Fort Niagara Gift Shop Cattaraugus Iroquois Smoke Shop Mikey G's Smoke Shop Sprague's General Store Crossroads Root's Cafe Seneca Nation Clinic (waiting area) Seneca Nation Library Wolf's Run Cattaraugus Community Center Adlai's Seneca One Stop First American Tobacco Catt-Rez Native Pride Keyes Super Center Big Indian Smoke Shop Doogie's Mikey's Emporium Heron's Landing Signals Seneca Nation Wellness Center Papa's Place AOA Seneca Laundromat SNI Education Seneca Hawk Tadeninoneh Big Buffalo ERW Oak Tree Auto Lube Plus USDA Office Cayuga Lakeside Trading Post Tuscarora Community Center Gail's Smoke Shop Smokin Joe's Jay's Place Smokin Joe's Indian Hill Randy's Hank's Garlow Road Trading Post Gail's 2 Smoking Joe's Trading Post Mike's Trading Post No Blanket's Patterson Tuscarora Trading Post Tonawanda Wolf's Den Jesse's The Rez Rez Creations Sacajawea's 49 Express Jan's Smokeshop Smoke Rings Totem Pole TP Deli Western Door Smoke Shop Allegany Grand Center Station Iroquois Gas & Go SNI Museum SNI Library Allegany Community Center Holiday Inn Express and Suites NAFCO Seneca One Stop Seneka Smoke Shop VIP Gas and Tobacco Broad St. Tobacco Post Smokes Cafe Salamanca Laundromat Redhouse Tobacco Broad Street Smokeshop Cloud & Co. Killbuck Cigarette Outlet Mikey's Emporium M&M's Ron's Smokeshop Allegany Junction Ken's Smokeshop Antone's II OJ's Smokeshop All Nations Lacrosse WW Gas Mart Steamburg Smokeshop Hoag's Papa's Place





What’s Trending? By Jonathan Garlow

FIND ME ONLINE! @jonathangarlow


Controversial UK music video depicts Rez life Drum and bass artists Chase & Status have released a new album “Brand New Machine” December 4, 2013 and the music video premiere for single “Alive ft. Jacob Banks” has been received with mixed reactions. The 7 minute epic tells the story of a young native man dealing with drug addiction, family problems and criminal activity on the reservation but after a loved one dies he finds spirituality and traditional values. A cry of misappropriation has risen from certain quarters of the internet as the dance video portrays sacred

ceremonies such as the sweat lodge and Sundance although the cast and crew are almost entirely indigenous. The video was filmed on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Montana, USA and the UK artists Chase & Status say this on the YouTube site: “Many thanks to the whole Blackfeet Nation and The Crazy Dogs Society for making us feel at home there.” Search for Chase & Status – Alive ft. Jacob Banks on YouTube or go to to see for yourself.

Arkansas Nuclear Plant Explosion unreported Local residents of Pope County, Arkansas felt a ground shaking explosion that happened at Arkansas Nuclear One power plant the morning of December 9, 2013 at 8a.m. National news media has not provided any coverage

and local news agencies reported it as a minor incident although one resident claimed they say a “massive” fire. Pope County 911 operators confirmed the explosion but there is no information about possible radiation leaks.

The Facebook community has been remembering the Mandela the revolutionary man and anti-colonial freedom fighter this week. He was remembered for saying, “If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America. They don’t care for human beings.” Shannon Philips wrote this on her Facebook: “Nelson Mandela didn’t do 27 years in prison for sitting in the

wrong seat on the bus. He was there, in part, for his role in bombing a power station in order to make the machinery of a racist regime grind to a halt. A regime most of the world, including Canada under those Great Liberals Pearson and Trudeau, thought was completely a-ok. So can we just remember that next time we see indigenous people blockading a highway? Thanks.”

The difficult sayings of Nelson Mandela

Rarahkwisere in Mexico in 2007 with Subcomandante Marcos of the Zapatista Army of NaNa tional Liberation (EZLN) in Sonora, Mexico. himself at the imaginary land stolen. They nodded the electric service at our line from Canada. He is and encouraged me to home. The electric comstill in there. His was a keep fighting. pany did not care that we case of mistaken identity My ankle and then my had grandchildren in our and another of my friends entire leg began to hurt home all of the time. They in low places. me horribly after a while. came under the guard of Eventually, I was I thought they might have tribal police and disconmoved five times as a to cut it off. The nurse said nected the power. When detainee. My iron house all she had for medicine she looked into turning journeys began in Clin- was aspirin and ibupro- power back on, someone ton County, and then to fen. I had a dream after told her to contact the BuRensselaer County. I was that where I cut my own reau of Indian Affairs then taken to Montgom- ankle off with the top of I also took some of the ery County, and finally to a soup can. I was almost commissary money and Oneida County. I was then done with the job when I started to buy some food. returned to Rensselaer woke up. The pain in my I gained some weight back County where I spent the leg had awoken me in the eating a lot of instant nooduration of my detention. middle of the night. dles and rice. The jail there Federal I wanted to write had a hot water machine detainees might sound important home and to some inter- bolted to the counter and but they don’t get any spe- national embassies but I they let us burn ourselves cial treatment. The only had no stamps. Those are getting hot water from it reimbursement the jail- only myths that you can to make the food. ers get is for “room and write a letter on the back Also, I had to spend board” so they don’t do of a napkin and they will my own money to buy anything but lock us down send it from jail. I had to soap. In Clinton County, I all of the time. I was able have my poor wife Jean was infected with scabies, to look at some legal doc- put some of her last dol- a communicable skin disuments to pass my time. lars into the jail commis- ease. The whole place was The law library person sary for me to buy post- lousy with the red skin did not have too much to age stamps. I wrote the bumps. It was in the jail pick from so they had to embassies of Venezuela, soap. order out for what I was Belize, Columbia, the RusAlong the way during reading. sian Federation and Ger- the federal detention, I There were some many but I never got any became aware of a legal definite low points. A response. I also wrote to personality named Tony hearing was held on my the United Nations Gen- Serra, a defense attorney. bond. The U.S. Attorney’s eral Secretary Ban Ki- He assisted a member of Office made a point of Moon but never received the Lakota Sovereign Indisqualifying my home to a response. This made me dependent Nation who be put up as an asset so I wonder. Were the stamps stood without a lawyer could not get out. Dona- and letters just thrown in (pro se) in a case brought tions from friends were the trash? against him by the State also going to be disqualMy wife was so up- of Oregon. Emerson Joe ified since some of the set by my absence that it was not convicted of all of money might have come affected her spirit. She is his charges as a result of from the tobacco trade a traditional singer. Jean reading Attorney Serra’s or elsewhere. The intent had told me that she was book. The book is called was to make it hard to get so startled by my kidnap- Lust for Justice. I could me out of the federal jail. ping that she considered see these visionary men Which it did. not singing anymore, un- assisting me to gain my When Iwas sent to til I was released. In her freedom and to rejoin my Oneida County, they put darkest moments, she was family. me in with a bunch of comforted by her fellow The high point of fedyoung murder suspects. Longhouse women sing- eral detention was walkThose guys were not too ers. They actually raised ing out the door after I bad to be around. They two hundred dollars to was released. I posted no thought I was some high- help her with household bail, bond or the family placed political prisoner. expenses. While I was silverware to get out. My I told them I was just an- gone, the electric utili- head remains unbowed! other Indian who had his ty company had shut off Hoka hey!





Cheese scones and pickled carrots

At the beginning of this month, as a member of the Two Row Society, I helped with a table at the ILA’s Christmas Bazaar. Over the course of the weekend I was fortunate enough to share many wonderful experiences with people discussing food and the activities of the Two Row Society. At the table for sale we had homemade preserves and breads. There were many nods and an unspoken respect to the work that goes into baking fresh bread. Some folks expressed a genuine appreciation for the bread and butter pickles, pickled beets and pickled carrots that I had prepared, stating “that pickling and preserving is something not too many young men are taking up these days”. The real fun happened when people opened up and tried the pickled carrots; something most had never tried or heard of

before. Reactions varied from complete disdain to shocking surprise that the preserved carrots tasted pretty good. It was fun to see people’s adventurous spirits come out with regards to trying a familiar food prepared in an unfamiliar way. Being one of the few vendors offering food, those visiting the Bazaar and vendors alike started conversations about food. The memories shared surrounding food serve as a reminder of how food can bring us together. On this note, one of the hosts of the ILA Bazaar shared that the Lacrosse centre prepares meals for the competitive lacrosse teams. She emphasized the importance of team bonding over the meals and preparing healthy food to nourish and energize the young men that play the Creator’s game. Common themes that I encountered when talking about food at this event was the relationship to the land that food

The Medicine Game

requires us to reflect upon and how food can be healing. There were sentiments expressed that as a result of colonization where indigenous peoples have been forcefully displaced and disconnected from their land, traditional food systems and relationships through food the connection of Onkwehon:we peoples to Mother Earth has come under a lot of stress. The result of being far removed from agricultural and hunting practices combined with the commodification of food service has resulted in food related illnesses such as diabetes and obesity. Moreover, the intergenerational trauma stemming from the residential school system on the cultural psyche cannot be forgotten as last nights abuser may have been the individual preparing or serving the food the next day. Preparing food with a good mind and acknowledging the reciprocal relationships that exists in the

spirit of food is important to understand and practice. The cheese bites that I prepared for the ILA Bazaar were little bits of nostalgia that evoked fond family memories and recipe sharing among those who visited the table. It was pointed out to me that if I could play back a video of the kind of interactions I encountered with people at the ILA Bazaar, that my appreciation for those connections made as part of the reciprocal relationship of food would not fade into memory but would be put forward into the food I will prepare in the future. That is why I am sharing a variation of the cheese scones I made that weekend. Those happy moments, laughter and stories shared around food are things that are part of building friendships, sustaining both the body and soul demonstrating how food really is medicine.

Cheese Scone Recipe • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

2 part flour (2 cups) 1 part water (1 cups) 1 part grated cheese (1 cup) 1 Tbsp baking powder 1 tsp salt Directions Pile flour on surface; mix in cheese, baking powder and salt. Create well in center Add water to well Incorporate water gradually Press down dough with palm of your hand. Fold over and repeat until flour and water are fully incorporated Let dough relax for 5 min Break off pieces any size you like and make into whatever shape you feel. I usually just rip off pieces and place on the baking tray as is. Bake at 350F for 15 - 20 minutes Let cool and enjoy!

There are infinite variations of this recipe, instead of cheese why not try putting raisins that you have plumped in a small amount hot water, cinnamon and brown sugar into the dough and see what happens. Be creative!

Questions? Comments? Food related stories?

Film follows Haudenosaunee brothers By Nahnda Garlow

Onondaga brothers Jeremy and Hiana Thompson had a common dream, to someday play professional lacrosse at Syracuse University. A new documentary film titled “The Medicine Game” captures the challenging seven year journey of these two athletes. The film, which aired on PBS, got rave reviews on social media. Filmmaker Lukas Korver shares, “We got awesome feedback. We had a really good Twitter and Facebook promotion for it. People were going crazy about wanting to see the film.” The Thompson

brothers are from the Onondaga Nation Reserve in New York State and were ranked as the top lacrosse players in the country while they played for Lafayette High School. Despite strong athletic abilities, the brothers were hindered from pursuing lacrosse at Syracuse University after high school because of low SAT scores. There were some personal struggles involved as well; the brothers were trying to reconcile after a major dispute left Hiana with a broken jaw and unable to play a championship game. Racial tension also arose as the young men defended the right to

wear Gustowahs and ribbon shirts for graduation. With their identity, dreams and brotherhood challenged, the film follows each brother’s journey as they press onward in spite of setbacks. Korver says, “It’s kind of a coming of age story: a lot of trials and tribulations, ups and downs, crying and laughing. It’s really a roller coaster ride and a transitional time in their lives at that age. Lacrosse is kind of a back drop for watching these guys work and play and succeed and fail. I would not say that this is a lacrosse film, I would say it is about two young men who just happen to be these amazing lacrosse

players.” Although the film is still waiting out a 90 day clearance to broadcast on Canadian television, it is definitely headed our way. For now, the film is going to the Hot Springs Documentary Film Festival in Arkansas, Nebraska on October 18. There are also plans to hold a community screening at the Onondaga Nation, and hopes to have one here at Six Nations as well. The film is now available to purchase online for private home use at www.themedicinegame. com or you can view it online for a limited time at





In Memoriam

In Memoriam


Horse Club

Coming Events

Help Wanted

St. Lukes Church Smoothtown (1246 Onondaga Rd. near 3rd Line) is sponsoring a

Community Living Six Nations is recruiting for the position of

Craft Sale (with vendors) and Cookie Walk

Christmas Cookies for sale. Large tin $10, Med. Tin $8, Small tin $6 on Saturday December 14, 2013 10am-3:00pm. Lunch for sale - Corn Soup - Ham & Fry Bread - Hot Dog - Drinks - Also Loonie Table


In Memoriam

Horse Club

GREAT CHRISTMAS GIFT: Horse Club for Girls (ages 11 – 14) Everything you need to know about caring for a horse, including leg wraps, first aid, fancy mane/ tail braiding, teaching horses tricks. Every Friday night beginning January 3, 2014 from 6:00 to 9:00. $90 for 6 weeks. Limited spots. (519) 717-5427

Passed away at her home with family at her side on Tuesday December 3, 2013 at the age of 55 years. Beloved wife of Steve. Loving mother of Sonya (Dennis), Bowdrie, and Broderick. Dear grandmother of Fiyonna, Kaylea, Shya, and Cruze. Daughter of the late Willard and Vera (Jonathan) General. Sister of Darrel (Ellen), Betsy (Ralph), Chrislynn, Valerie (Cody), Willard (late Tracey), Lisa, Lavelle, Stacey (Marguerite), and the late Kevin. Sister-in-law of Dan (Tiffany). Also survived by many nieces and nephews. Tuddy was a proud member of Team General Demolition Derby and was a top Euchre player. Rested at the Styres Funeral Home, 1798 4th Line, Ohsweken after 6 p.m. Wednesday. Evening Service 7 p.m. Thursday. Funeral service was held in the chapel on Friday December 6, 2013 at 1 p.m. Interment Bethany Baptist Cemetery.

At the St. Joseph’s Hospital, Hamilton on Saturday December 7, 2013 at the age of 65 years. Beloved husband of Debbie (Parsons) Sault. Loving father of Eric and Laurie, Fawn, Adam and Spring, Meghan, and Jessica. Dear grandpa of Nykolyna, Hali, Dayna, Sebastian, and Brooklyn. Son of the late Wesley and Sylvia (Forrest) Sault. Brother of Sheila and Delbert, Terry, Mark and Sal, Carla and the late Bill, Brenda, Kevin and Steph, Kim, and Julie and Dayle. Also survived by many nieces and nephews. The family honoured his life with visitation at the Hyde & Mott Chapel R.H.B. Anderson Funeral Homes Ltd., 60 Main Street South, Hagersville on Monday 7-9 p.m. A grave side service was held at the New Credit Cemetery on Tuesday December 10, 2013 at 11 a.m.


Firewood For Sale

For Sale 3 cords of slab wood. Delivered for $225.00. Call 519-445-2671

Birth Announcement

Birth Announcement

Executive Lead

The Board is still accepting applications until Friday December 20, 2013 @ 4:30 p.m. You can pick up application package and Job Description at 30 Cao Lane and at GREAT Lynn Blayney Executive Assistant P. 519 445 4420 ex 224 30 Cao Lane P.O. Box 120 Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0


In Memoriam

In Memoriam

to all our valued customers

Due to the Christmas and New Year’s Holiday

Ward S. LaForme Sr. April 19, 1920 - November 30, 2002 Always remembered wife Bessie children, Joan, Erma & Brent, Dale, Ward Jr. Grandchildren & Great grandchildren.

Laura Lepper and Mike Leitold are happy to announce that Bridget Emily Margaret Leitold joined us at 9:57 am on November 30. She entered the world peacefully at home, in the water, at a healthy weight of 8 lbs. 9 ozs. Little Bridget has already taught us so much. Her birth taught us that great pain in struggle is part of a transformation bringing the greatest beauty- life. Our respect for mothers, grandmothers and all who care for the next generation has deepened profoundly. Having the gift of the next generation also reminds us with such clarity of the need to protect our mothers, including Mother Earth. Bridget was born just in time for the National Day of Action in support of Elsipogtog Warriors fighting destructive development on the east coast. Love and respect to all those fighting for the coming generations. We are so thankful for Bridget joining our lives, and for all the love she has seen and will see from our family and friends.

Our Christmas edition will be distributed on Tuesday, December 24 Advertising deadline is Friday, December 20 at 4:00 p.m.

Our New Year’s edition will be distributed on Tuesday, December 31 Advertising deadline is Friday, December 27 at 4:00 p.m. Our office will be closed on December 24, 25, 26, and December 31st, January 1st.

Two Row Times 519-900-5535



CLUES ACROSS 1. Binder 5. Move up and down 11. Wild sheep of northern Africa 12. Annoys 16. An upward movement 17. Ducktail 18. Town in central Minnesota 19. Philatelist’s delight 24. Carrier’s invention 25. Foreign travellers 26. Aurochs 27. Batter advanced score 28. Show the way 29. Steep rugged mass of rock 30. Valley 31. Digital data device 33. Insert mark 34. Breakout 38. Dissention from dogma 39. Kuhil and clown fish 40. Unconsciousness 43. Czech River 44. Johann Sebastian 45. Flows to the Danube at Belgrade 49. World data organization (abbr.) 50. Comedian Sahl 51. Porch furniture wood 53. Potato state 54. American Pickers 56. Yellow-fever mosquitos 58. Edison’s company 59. Axis and offshoot angle 60. Standard 63. Blame (Scottish) 64. Esoteric 65. Pronounces CLUES DOWN 1. Any wrist bone 2. Baltimore bird 3. Czar’s nation 4. Regulated food 5. Space next to someone 6. Expunction 7. Trauma center 8. Spanish yes 9. Matters

23 23

ARIES - Mar 21/Apr 20 Participate in something new and interesting this week, Aries. The perfect activity will present itself in the next few weeks, so be sure to keep your eyes open.

TAURUS - Apr 21/May 21 Taurus, delay any upcoming shopping excursions for the time being. Your coffers are getting a bit sparse, and you need to conserve the rest of your funds.

GEMINI - May 22/Jun 21 Listen to advice this week, Gemini. Loved ones only want to help and provide support, so keep that in mind when those closest to you offer some guidance.

10. Twist out of shape 13. Toward 14. Renders able for a task 15. An extended social group 20. Article 21. GMA anchor’s initials 22. Streetcar 23. Summer month (abbr.) 27. Not widely distributed 29. Plays great music 30. Female 1776 descendants 31. Speed gauge ratio 32. Old English 33. After B 34. Expressing sorrow 3 . More hearty, firmer 36. Taxis 37. Single pip card

Answers for December 11, 2013 Edition Crossword Puzzle

38. 50th state 40. A source of worry 41. Eight sided 42. Highest military valor award (abbr.) 44. Former Harvard Pres. Derek 45. Drinking tubes 46. Loss of coordination 47. Self-love 48. Talus joints 50. Accumulator 51. Rural delivery 52. Lady Soul’s initials . Prefix indicating abstraction 55. Hawaiian goose 57. Prince William’s mom, Lady __ 61. Aid organization (abbr.) 62. Farm state


CANCER - Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, your suspicions may be aroused by someone who has been paying more attention to you than normal. It could be something completely innocent, but right now you’re not sure.

LEO - Jul 23/Aug 23 very day is a learning process, eo. ou will find that there are a number of new ideas swirling around in your head, and if you pin one down, you may be on to something. VIRGO - Aug 24/Sept 22 Your colleagues at work may be making things difficult, irgo, but there is nothing you can do about it right now. Just work your hardest, and things will turn out for the best. LIBRA - Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, prepare to juggle multiple responsibilities in the coming days. Be ready to multi-task and expect to be pulled in multiple directions.

SCORPIO - Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, a small misunderstanding turns into a larger battle this week. But you have the power to put the flames out quickly by keeping a cool head.

SAGITTARIUS - Nov 23/Dec 21 Sagittarius, you are having so much fun lately that it almost seems like life is a game. Just don’t get so caught up in the good times that you overlook your responsibilities.

CAPRICORN - Dec 22/Jan 20 Capricorn, you usually take your responsibilities quite seriously, and that is often for the best. Just be sure to let your hair down sometimes and have a little fun.

AQUARIUS - Jan 21/Feb 18 Aquarius, some irregularities have begun to pop up of late. It is not up to you to figure out what is going on, though. Others will discover the truth. PISCES - Feb 19/Mar 20 Pisces, your head may be in the clouds, but it is quite comfortable up there. Just don’t linger up there too long.

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154

3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES

1 Alabastine Avenue, Caledonia, Ontario N3W 1K9 (905) 765-CARS (2277)

Cynthia Trimble





CKRZ 100.3 FM

RADIO Sex in the City BINGO Assorted Fragrances CARDS AVAILABLE NOW

Sex in the City Sets Assorted Fragrances

Carl Weill Weill 24pcs Cutlery Set Carl 12pcs Cookware Set Assorted Styles

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Chefmate Knife Set 26 pieces Stainless Steel

Leather Purses Assorted Styles

Two Row Times  

Issue #17 December 11, 2013